Title: Horticultural trials with bush snap bean varieties, strains, and breeding lines.
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076931/00010
 Material Information
Title: Horticultural trials with bush snap bean varieties, strains, and breeding lines.
Physical Description: Serial
Publisher: Everglades Experiment Station.
Publication Date: 1963
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076931
Volume ID: VID00010
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 166141500

Full Text


( -/7 ,.


Everglades Station Mimeo Report EES64-17 14

HORTICULTURAL TRIALS WITH BUSH SNAP BEANS, ING, 3

V. L. Guzman


These trials were carried out in cooperation with Dr. J. C. Hoffman, chairman
of the Southern Cooperative Vegetable Trials. Twelve varieties were compared in
the observational and nine in the replicated trials.

Special conditions

The trials were conducted between March 8 and May 12, 1963. March weather
was characterized by above 'normal temperatures and low rainfall. A light freeze
occurred the morning of March 23rd, but no serious damage was visible to the crop.
During April, temperatures were high and precipitation low, with occasional heavy
winds which slightly damaged the plants. For most of the growing season, the
plants showed symptoms of manganese deficiency and marked differences were observed
among varieties studied on severity of the symptoms.

Location and soil type

The experiment was conducted at the Everglades Experiment Station field F3SE
on a soil classified as peaty muck with a pH of 6.15.

Fertility conditions

The field was cropped for several years to ramie, but during the last two it
had a cover crop of weeds only. The soil analysis showed 5.5 pounds of soluble
phosphorus and 101 of potassium. A 0-16-20 with minors was banded at seeding time
in the amount of 350 Ibs/A.Uhcn the quick tissue test gave a low reading for nitro-
gen, 100 lbs/A of nitrate of soda was applied as side dress. Severe manganese
deficiency showed in most of the varieties especially at the North end of the field.
Application of bean dust containing 20% MnO did not correct it, but a massive
dusting with MnO corrected the deficiency in two weeks.

Field plot technique

Randcmizcd blocks with four replications was employed. Plots were single rows
25 feet long and 2.66 feet apart, with 20 feet actual harvest row. For the
observational trials single unreplicated rows were used.

Planting and harvesting dates

Two hundred seed per variety and replication were distributed in 25 foot rows
and planted 1 inches deep in the bottom of the shallow furrow. Both observational
and replicated trials were seeded March 8, 1963. Harvest began May 1 and the last
picking was May 8, 1963.

Weeds and insect control
Weeds were controlled by three mechanical cultivations and two hand weedings.
Cutworms were controlled with taxaphene poison bait and other insects with occas-
ional dustings with 10% DDT. During this season climatic conditions were con-
ducive'tob rust infestation.









List of varieties
Observational bush bean trials
Variety Source


Bush Beans

Executive
Spartan Arrow
Wade (check)
Sprite
Experimental #1070
Greenpod #6087
1:d. 60-109
W. S. Greenpod #60209
997
B2971-1-1
B3490
B3509


(For Observational Trials)

Narthrup, King & Co.
Shigemi Honma, Michigan State
Corneli Seed Co.
Northrup, King & Co.
Northrup, King & Co.
Rogers Bros. Co.
R. J. Snyder, Univ. Md.
Rogers Bros. Co.
W. J. Zaumeyer, USDA
VBL, USDA
VBL, USDA
VBL, USDA


Bush Beans (For Replicated Trials)


Extender
Harvester
Improved Higrade
Slenderwhite
Wade (check)
B3125-X-5-2
B3370
B3496
XP260


Corneli Seed Co.
Asgrow Seed Co.
Rogers Bros. Co.
Rogers Bros. Co.
Rogers Bros. Co.
VBL, USDA
VBL, USDA
VBL, USDA
Asgrow Seed Co.


Results
The results are given in tables 1 and 2.

Analysis of the yield data indicates that no variety produced significant
better total yields than the check (Wade). However, Extender outyielded Wade in
first picking yields with 86% followed closely by B3370 with 90% first picking,
but the yields of the latter verc not better than ~adc. Another variety with high
percentage of first picking was Slenderwhite. Among the new varieties in the
replicated trials, B3370 had the best appearance, followed by XP260 and finally
by B3125-X-5-2. mDproved Higrade is also promising. Harvester and Slenderwhite
had better appearance than Wade. Among the varieties in the observational trials
line 997, Sprite and B2971-1-1 are promising, although their yields are not the
best.

Key for Tables 1 and 2
Source of Seed: As indicated in the list of varieties. All entries were sent
from the Southeastern Vegetable Breeding Laboratory. Dr. J. C. Hoffman.

Days to Maturity: Number of days from planting to the first picking.

Rust Rating: Rust (Uroayces phaseoli typical Arth.) 0 = no observed lesions to
5 = very severe infestation.








Plant Height: Mean height of 10 plants per plot (inches).

Pod length: Mean of 25 randomly selected pods (inches).

Pod color: L = light green, M = medium green as Tendergreen, D = dark green and
W = yellow wax.

Shape of pods: F = flat, O = oval, R = round, H = heart shaped pods.

Pod roughness: VS = very smooth, S = smooth, SR = slightly rough, VR = very rough.

Pod uniformity: VU = very uniform, S = satisfactory uniformity, SM = severely
mixed.

Pod straightness: S = straight pods, SC = slightly curved pods, VC = very curved
pods, C2D = Pods curved in two directions.

Pod elevation: AB = well above soil, CS = clear of soil, TS = touches soil
occasionally, TSB = touches soil badly.

Estimated yields: Pounds per plot extrapolated into estimated bushels per acre
yield (30 lbs.).

Percentage first picking: percent from total yields.

Pod hollowness: Rated after cutting 10 randomly selected marketable pods longi-
tudinally as: 1 = traces, 2 = few hollow spaces, 3 = moderate number of cavities
and 4 = many large hollow spaces.

























EES Mimeo Rpt. 64-17
300 copies











Table 1. Observational Bush Bean Trial. Planted March 8, 1963.
Experiment Station, Belle Glade, Florida.


Harvested May 1-8, 1963.


Executive
Sparton Arrow
Wade (Check)
Sprite
Experimental #1070
Greenpod #6087
Md. 60-109
W.S. Greenpod j'60209
997
B2971-1-1
B3490
B3590


r


Pod r~harateristics


-o-- Cha-rs, .. -. i


0

aI


0
Id

9


aP


a
MP


8-

'a


Yield
Data


42
Irl
+ S


43 (
d -


to


i p.
4,
'a
rla
.3-
Ik


- I I I -I I I I = I


55
54
55
56
54
54
56
55
55
56
54
54


IL r


3.9
4.8
3.9
4.2
4.4
4.3
4.4
4.4
5.0
4.4
4.4
3.9


AB
CS
TS
CS
TS
CS
TS
TS
CS
CS
TS
TS


159
280
196
196
233
227
230
239
211
230
218
268


2.0
3.5
-
-
-

1.5
4.0
-


Everglades


Var ite Qt







Table 2. Replicated Bush Bean Variety Trial. Planted March 8, 1963. Harvested May 1-8, 1963. Everglades
Experiment Station, Belle Glade, Florida.

marketable
f yields

a'H
0 4
0 o a e -
oo o o 0 ,


Variety
13. Extender 54 13.2 4.5 M R SR S SC TS 291 86 1.0 0 131 8.04 9.32
14. Harvester 56 14.3 4.5 D R S S S CS 230 75 3.0 0 135 5.55 7.36

15. Improved Higrade 55 13.4 4.0 M R S S SC TS 267 78 0.0 2 127 6.70 8.58
16. Slenderwhite 56 13.6 4.7 D R S S S CS 251 84 3.3 0 117 6.78 8.08
de (heck) 56 13.2 .0 D R SR S SC TS 257 75 2.5 18 6.16 8.
19. 3370 54 1.0 4.8 M R AB 250 90 2.5 0 121 7.23 8.03
d rd Id rd gO id ;I A g









20. B3490 56 12.6 4.0 D R S S SC TS 195 74 3.3 0 91 4.65 6.25
21. xP26o0 55 13.4 4.3 M R S S S Ts 260 7 2. 0 137 6.13 8.35
T ender reen4 2 3.6 17 68
17- Watde (check) 56 13.2 4.0 D R ISR s SC TS 257 75 2.5 o 118 61 8.25



1. LSD..05 4. 132 4. S S S 21 6 0 1.22 1.35
1. D .0 5 1. 4. R 20 56.4 1.63 1.81
20. B3490 56 12.6 4.0 D R S S SC TS 195 74 3.3 0 91 4.65 6.25
21. XP260 55 13.4 4.3 M R S S S T3 260 73 2.0 0 137 6.13 8.35
Tendergreen 3.6
Gallatin 50 3-5

LSD- .05 42.1 1.22 1.35
LSD .01 56.4 1.63 1.81




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs