Title: Horticultural trials with bush snap bean varieties, strains, and breeding lines.
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076931/00007
 Material Information
Title: Horticultural trials with bush snap bean varieties, strains, and breeding lines.
Physical Description: Serial
Publisher: Everglades Experiment Station.
Publication Date: 1960
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076931
Volume ID: VID00007
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 166141500

Full Text






Everglades Station Mimeo Report 61-10


HORTICULTURAL TRIALS WITH BUSH SNAP BEANS, SPRING 1960

V. L. Guzman


Bush Snap Bean Variety Trials.

These trials are part of the Southern Cooperative Vegetable trials under
the chairmanship of Dr. J. C. Hoffman. Seventeen varieties were compared in
the observational and 10 in the replicated trials.

Observational trials.

Seventeen varieties were planted in single unreplicated rows 2.66 feet
apart and 25 feet long. The harvest row was 20 feet long.

Replicated trials.

Ten varieties were studied in randomized block design with four repli-
cations. Rows were 2.66 feet apart and 25 feet long with 20 feet actual
harvest row.

Location and soil type.

The experiments were carried out at C. A. Thomas farm, South Bay, on
peaty muck soil, field 5W-b south side.

Fertility conditions.

The experimental field was cropped with celery for three years and the
last year with sweet corn. Two hundred and fifty pounds per acre of 0-14-15
with 1% of MnO, 0.25% of CuO, 0.25% of ZnO and 0.25% of B 0 was banded at
planting time. In addition it was sprayed at weekly intervals with nutri-
tional sprays containing copper, zinc and manganese.

Planting and harvesting.

Two hundred seeds per variety were distributed in 25 foot ro _P
1 inch deep in the bottom of a shallow furrow. Both observation '>nd repli-
cated trials were seeded March 14, 1960. The first picking was e on the ro
early varieties May 12, and second harvest May 17. 9 3

Diseases and insect control.

This was accomplished by weekly spray applications of wettable
DDT. The incidence of rust was low, or its control was good, as rust r Png
made two weeks after harvest failed to show a severe case, even in varieties
susceptible to it such as Tendergreen, which was planted on the border of the
experimental field for rust readings.

I/ Associate Horticulturist, Everglades Experiment Station, Belle Glade, Florida.


February 16, 1961





Special conditions.

Temperatures during March were below normal, with 4 mornings of 360F. or
below. March was relatively dry, but several wind storms caused some damage
to the bean crop; in addition, during April and part of May some heavy rain
occurred on this farm which undoubtedly reduced yields.

Table I summarizes the comparative values of the varieties in the repli-
cated trials. It is significant to see that varieties B3370, Longval, Extender
and Valentine type 942 were the highest yielders, with over 400 bushels per
acre, even when the growing conditions were not conducive for optimum growth.
Among these four varieties, Extender had the best appearance, followed closely
by B3370 in the round pod type and Valentine type 942 in the flat bean type.
Extender and B3370 also produced the highest first picking yield of about 88%
of the total, which may indicate their adaptability to machine picking.

Varieties Res. Asgrow Val., Wade, Harvester and Wadex produced similar
yields. Harvester and Wade among the round type and Res. Asgrow Val. among
the flat types had the best appearance.

Table 2 gives the performance of the 17 varieties of the observational
trials. Variety B3125-X-5-2 yielded above 400 bushels per acre, followed in
order of importance by B3489, NK 108, Slenderwhite and Harris Shipper. Variety
B3489 produced 84% yield in the first picking and Slenderwhite 85%. Varieties
B3124-X-5-2, NK 108 and Harris Shipper yielded about 75% for the first picking.

Among the yellow wax varieties, yields were approximately the same, but
the appearance of Florida 101 was outstanding.

Key for Tables 1 and 2
Source of Seed: All entries were sent from the Southeastern Vegetable Breeding
Laboratory. Dr. J. C. Hoffman.
Days to Maturity: Number of days from planting to the first picking.
Rust Rating: Rust (Uromsces phaseoli typical Arth.) 0 = no observed lesions to
5 = very severe infestation.
Plant Height: Mean height of 10 plants per plot (inches).
Pod Length: Data in Table 1 and 2 are means of 25 randomly selected pods(inches).
Pod Color: L = light green, M = medium green as Tendergreen, D = dark green
and W = yellow wax.
Shape of Pods: F = flat, 0 = oval, R = round, H = heart shaped pods.
Pod Roughness: VS = very smooth, S = smooth, SR = slightly rough, VR very
rough.
Pod Uniformity: VU = very uniform, S = satisfactory uniformity, SM = severely
mixed.
Pod Straightness: S = straight pods, SC slightly curved pods, VC = very
curved pods, C2D = Pods curved in two directions.
Estimated Yields: Pounds per plot extrapolated into estimated bushels per acre
yield (30 lbs.).
Percentage total yield in each of two harvests.










Table 1. Spring 1960 Replicated Snapbean Trial. Planted March 14, 1960, at
C. A. Thomas farm, South Bay, Florida. Harvested May 12-17, 1960.


Variety


18. Res. Asgrow Val.(ck.)
19. Wade (ck.)
20. Harvester
21. Extender
22. Wadex
23. Longval
24. 5-Cm-2
25. Valentine Type 942
26. Valentine Type 950
27. B3370

LSD at 5 percent
LSD at 1 percent


Plant charc


r)
0
PL
*rI



H
0
pi-


5.7
5.1
5.3
5.3
5.3
6.8
6.6
6.1
6.3
5.6


Pod Characteristics


s SC
s isc
S iS
S 3C
s s
S C
S VC
S SC
S VC
S S


^ 9)
rd k
*H
^)
+Q
(ak~


262
262
262
'458
255
467
340
439
383
489

65
88


EES 61-10
300 copies


Yield data


a
0)
*1-1
I>
a,
*Hl


I I I I ,


VIa IieI








Table 2. Spring 1960 Observational Snapbean Trial. Planted March 14, 1960,
at C. A. Thomas Farm, South Bay, Florida. Harvested May 12-17,
1960.





10



o (Do ) -
: o o 0a ,


Cherokee Wax (CK.) 58 2 15 5. w S s 212 8 63
d 4) q
A.St.Bk.) 59 3 15 5.5 MF 3 5 50
3. ade (.) 59 16 5.2 D R S S 161 0
Qo a) 14
A .P4 *


Cherokee Wax (CK.) 5 2 5.4 F SC 212 8 63





5. XP 235 60 o 16 4.8 D R S S 87 13 54
6. orneli 14 60 3 16 5.5 D R sR S 140 11 56
7. Harris Shipper 61 o 16 5.7 M R S S 321 4 73
8. NK 108 60 2 20 5.0 M R SR S SC 374 3 78
9. Slenderwhite 57 1 26 5.1 M R S s 321 4 85
10. Florida #101W-B 59 1 21 5.9 W F vS S S 218 7 64
11. 2910-3 61 1 18 5.4 D R sR S SC 134 7 53
12. 5330-18 61 2 16 5.7 M R SR S Sc 187 9 88
13. B2971-1-1 61 1 20 5.0 D R SR S SC 234 6 87
14. B3125-2-3-1 60 1 19 4.5 M R S S SC 234 6 60
15. B3125-X-5-2 59 1 16 5.2 M R S S s 414 1 77
16. B3477 61 1 19 5.2 M R SR S SC 118 12 39
17. B3489 59 1 21 5.1 D R SR S S 389 2 84

1 1I




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs