Title: Horticultural trials with bush snap bean varieties, strains, and breeding lines.
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 Material Information
Title: Horticultural trials with bush snap bean varieties, strains, and breeding lines.
Physical Description: Serial
Publisher: Everglades Experiment Station.
Publication Date: 1959
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076931
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 166141500

Full Text

Everglades Station Mimeo Report 60-10


HORTICULTURAL TRIALS WITH BUSH SNAP BEANS, SPRING 1959

V. L. Guzman and Howard W. Burdine 1


Dr. J. C. Hoffman, Chairman Snap Bean Variety and Breeding Lines, Southern
Cooperative Vegetable Trials, submitted 23 lines for testing in the spring of
1959. In addition to this 8 varieties were grown in commercial strips in order
to test their canning possibilities. Dr. R. A. Denison, of the Department of
Plant Technology, Gainesville station will report the canning data. Twelve
varieties were planted for the observational trialp,eleven for the replicated
trials and eight for the commercial test for canning.

Observational trials.

Twelve varieties were compared in single unreplicated rows 2.66 feet apart
and 25 feet long actual harvest row.

Replicated trials.

Eleven varieties were studied in randomized block design with four repli-
cations. Rows were 2.66 feet apart. Harvest plots were 25 feet long.

Commercial trials.

Four rows 2.66 feet apart of each of the varieties were planted, except
for the pole beans which were only three rows, each with rows 5.32 feet apart.
The length of the rows was approximately 2000 feet. (See table 3 for exact
harvested area.)

Location and soil type.

The tests were carried out at the Glades Prison Farm, Belle Glade on
Everglades muck.

Planting and harvest.

Seed were spaced on the average 1.5 inches in the row and planted 1 inch
deep in the bottom of a shallow furrow. All the trials were seeded on March 2,
1959 and the first picking was done April 21-23 for the replicated trials,
April 22-24 for the observational and April 21 for the commercial trials.
(The harvest of the pole beans could have been delayed 4 more days).

Fertility conditions.

The soil type was Everglades muck, which previously was cropped to
cane. Four hundred pounds/acre of 0-8-10 with 2.00% MnO fertilizer M Li
as a band on the two sides of the row at planting time and double thi ount
for the pole beans. ,i,, t '

Disease and Insect Control.

This was accomplished by weekly applications of sulfur and DDT dus
control of rust was exceptionally good and insect damage was satisfactory
controlled.

i/ Associate Horticulturist and Assistant Horticulturist, respectively, Ever-
Glades Experiment Station, Belle Glade, Florida.


January 7, 1960







Special conditions.

Heavy rain and wind during most part of the flowering period resulted in
heavy damage to the plants and severe reduction in yield. In the commercial
trials where the rows were 2000 feet long, the south end of the field suf-
fered for lack of adequate water supply, consequently the plants were very
small and yield decreased.progressively to practically nothing at the south
end of the rows. The observational and replicated trials were planted in
the same field, but at the north end, where water supply was sufficient.

Results.

Observational trials. Table 1. Harvester was outstanding for yields,
although the shelf life of the variety was only fair. After 3 to 4 days the
appearance of the beans was poor; otherwise the variety performed well. Wade
Cross was superior in percentage of first picking, followed by the check varie-
ties, St. Black Valentine and Wade. Harvester and Wade Cross appeared to be
resistant to rust.

Replicated trials. Table 2. High yielding line was Imp. Supergreen,
but the percentage of first picking was low and it appeared quite suscept-
ible to rust. Valentine type 942, B3370, Extender and XP 233 were among
the high yielding lines. Extender appeared to be outstanding for percentage
of first picking, shelf life at room temperature and resistance to rust.

Commercial trials. Table 3. Extender seemed to produce the best yields,
followed by Tenderlong and Tendergreen. The pole bean varieties were picked
very lightly to provide enough material for the canning experiments. Blue
Lake from Rogers Bros. was superior in stand and yields to Blue Lake from
Ferry Morse.

Key for Tables 1 and 2

Source of Seed: ASG = Associated Seed Growers; Cor Corneli Seed Co.; Miss -
Mississippi Agr. Exp. Sta.; Rog Rogers Bros. Seed Co.; SVBL Southeastern
Vegetable Breeding Laboratory; USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture, W. J.
Zaumeyer.

Days to Maturity: Number of days from planting to the first picking.

Rust Rating: Rust (Uromyces phaseoli typical Arth. )0 = no observed lesions to
5 very severe infestation.

Plant Height: Mean height of 10 plants per plot (inches).

Pod Length: Data in Table 1 and 2 are means of 10 randomly selected pods(inche

Pod Color: L = light green, M = medium green as Tendergreen, D = dark green.

Shape of Pods: F = flat, 0 = oval, R round, H = heart shaped pods.

Pod Roughness: VS = very smooth, S = smooth, SR = slightly rough, VR = very rou

Pod Uniformity: VU = very uniform, S = satisfactory uniformity, SM = Severely
mixed.










-3-


Pod Straightness: --- S = straight pods, SC = slightly curved
y-ods, VC = very curved pods, C2D = Pods curved in two directions.

Estimated Yields: Pounds per plot extrapolated into estimated bushels per
acre yield.

Percentage total yield in each of two harvests.

Shelf Life: Appearance of the beans in display at room temperature. F = good
appearance after 2 days. G = good appearance after 3 days and V.G. = good
appearance after 5 days.










Table 1. Spring 1959 Observational
Glades Prison Farm, Belle


Snapbean Trial.
Glade, Florida.


Planted March 2, 1959, at the
Harvested April 22, 1959.


Variety


1-St. Black Valentine
2-Wade
3-Asgrow Res. Valentine
4-Harvester
5-XP 210
6-XP 225
7- 5-CM-2
8-Wade-Cross
9-'hite Seeded Greenpod
10-Valentine type )950
11-Valentine type #965
12- B2971-1-1


0
(0


* I a


Plant Char.


Pod Characteristics


PlaI ItCha. Podharact-ri c


I 4-------S---S----I


Cor.
Rog.
ASG.
ASG.
ASG.
ASG.
Miss
Rog.
Rog.
USDA
USDA
SVBL


3
0
3.5
0
0
0
1
0
2
2
1
0


18.5
17.2
15.1
16.6
15.0
17.1
13.7
15.7
14.6
12.5
15.1
15.9


5.0
4.8
5.8
4.8
4.8
4.7
6.9
4.9
5.0
5.7
5.7
4.8


F
0-R
0
O-R
R
0
F-0
F-0
R
F-0
F
R


IQ
0

it'
0L|


4-
.r4
ii


0

H
rl
Ii


a
4-
0
h
'4)

0

I t'
06)
4) k

A!
Im4


251
229
214
322
207
202
207
251
218
272
207
lo9*


L 5 L


Yield Data


It'
Hr
6)
.1-


* One picking.


o

rd
o
60
t?.


V.Good
Fair
V.Good
Fair
Fair
Fair
V.Good
Fair
Fair
V.Good
V.Good
Fair


_I .I I










Table 2. Spring 1959 Replicated Snapbean Trial. Planted March 2, 1959 at the
Glades Prison Farm, Belle Glade, Florida. Harvested April 21, 1959.

Plant Char. Pod Characteristics Yield Data


m mI



V4 -4 q 0 rd 4


t3 ( S k i

Variety_ 4 9 W --

13-St. Black Val. Cor. 52 5 14.1 4.5 M F S S SC 109.4 10 79 21 V.Good
14-Wade Cor. 50 0 13.9 4.9 D R S S S 131.2 9 54 46 Fair +
15- XP233 ASG. 52 0 15.6 4.8 M R SR S SC 192.4 5 32 68 Fair -
16- Lonval Miss 50 2 13.6 6.3 M F SR S SC 172.1 7 58 42 Good
17-Extender Cor. 50 0 14.2 5.1 M R S S SC 192.9 4 70 30 V.Good
18-Imp Supergreen Rog. 50 4 16.3 5.4 M R SR S SC 255.3 1 49 51 V.Good
19-Wadex Rog. 52 0 15.0 4.7 D R S S SC 104.6 11 75 25 Fair
20-Valentine Type 942 USDA 50 1 15.4 6.3 L 0 S S SC 225.6 2 65 35 V.Good
21-B3034-1-1 SVBL 50 0 16.9 4.3 M R SR S SC 155.7 8 57 43 Fair
22-B3125-X-5-2 SVBL 50 1 13.2 4.7 M R SR S SC 176.3 6 41 59 Good
23-B3370 SVBL 50 1 12.3 5.3 M R S S SC 193.7 3 58 42 Good









Table 3. Spring 1959. Commercial trials with Snapbeans. Planted March 2, 1959 at
the Glades Prison Farm, Belle Glade, Florida and harvested April 22, 1959.


I -Yield in pounds 1


r"I


Processor 700.0 235.0 935,0 19897 57.94 5 75 25
Tendergreen 522.0 625.0 3117.0 19897 83.34 3 46 54
Tenderlbng 739.5 465.0 1204.5 19897 87.52 2 62 38
Wadex 455.5 190.0 645.0 21280 43.89 6 71 29
B-3125-X-5-2 546.5 595.0 4i1.5 21230 77.62 4 48 52
Estender 1093.4 485.0 1578.4 21280 107.33 1 69 31


EES 60-10
300 copies




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