Title: Horticultural trials with bush snap bean varieties, strains, and breeding lines.
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 Material Information
Title: Horticultural trials with bush snap bean varieties, strains, and breeding lines.
Physical Description: Serial
Publisher: Everglades Experiment Station.
Publication Date: 1956-1957
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076931
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 166141500

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HORTICULTURAL TRIALS VITH BUSH SNAP BEAN VARIETIES,
STRAINS AND BREEDING LINES, FALL AND SPRING 1956-57

ey

Howard W, Burdine


Performance of bush snap bean varieties, strains, and
breeding lines in observational and replicated trials
conducted during the 1956-57 fall and spring season is
summarized and presented in tabular form.




EVERGLADES STATION MIMEO REPORT '5~.

Belle Glade, Florida


November 4, 1957


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Everglades Station Mimeo 58-6


SNAPBEAN VARIETY TRIALS, 1956-57
Howard W. Burdine *

Two snapbean variety trials were conducted in the 1956-57 season. Cne
grown in the fall of 1956 included materials left over in sufficient quantity from
the 1956 spring trials plus additional lines furnished by seedsmen. The other
trial grown in the spring of 1957 included all varieties and breeding lines in-
cluded in the 1957 Southern Cooperative Trials with additional lines from seedsmen
and breeders.

How the trials were conducted:

All snapbean variety trials were conducted at the Everglades Station at
Belle Glade. The trial conducted in the fall of 1956 was replicated and consisted
of 14 varieties and breeding lines which included Black Valentine and regular
Tendergreen as checks.

Replicated trials conducted in the spring of 1957 included all materials
(11 varieties) collected by Dr. J. C. Hoffman for the Southern Cooperative Repli-
cated trials plus five Black Valentine breeding lines 939, 942, 9i9, 950, and
965 from Dr. W. J. Zaumeyer of the U. S. Department of Agriculture. Also regular
Black Valentine was included as a check against the above breeding lines. Two
other varieties were added, Tenderwhite and Improved Supergreen.

Observational trials consisted of 24 varieties all supplied by Dr. Hoffman.

Plot size

In the fall trials the scarcity of available seed in many lines resulted in
a plot size of a single row 15 feet in length. Ten feet of row of each variety in
each of three replications was harvested for yield.

In the spring trial plot size consisted of a single row 25 feet in length
replicated four times. Twenty feet of row was harvested from each of four repli-
cations .

The observational materials were planted in unreplicated single row plots
25 feet in length from which a 20 foot section of row was harvested.

Fertilization:

Five hundred pounds per acre of 0-12-16 were applied in the row at seeding.
joil Types

All trials were conducted on well mature everglades peat soil.

diseasee & Insect Control:

Routine weekly applications of sulfur (wp.) was applied to control mildew.
io insect problems developed and no insecticide was usedon either plot.



* Assistant Horticulturist, Everglades Experiment Station, Belle, Glade, Florida


November 4, 1957









Special Conditions:

As indicated above, three replications were harvested on the fall trials.
Four replications were planted September 28, 1956. Heavy rains immediately after
planting severely damaged two replications which were disked up and replanted
October 16. The first picking for the two early planted replications was done
November 15 to 19. The second planting, of which one replication was harvested
for.yield, was first harvested December 4-6, 1956. Cn the nights of December 2
and 3 some frost damage occurred. As some varieties seemed to be damaged worse
than others, a 1-8 rating (1 a no damage to 8 very severe damage) was made for
frost damage (See Table I).

Results:

Of the 14 varieties and strains tested in the fall replicated trial,
Contender ranked first in yield followed by Tendergreen F.S., Seminole and S.V.B.L.
breeding line 2567-1, in that order. Differences in yield between these varieties
were not significant. Seminole, Glades and Contender ranked high on percentage
of total yield from the first picking. Most varieties exhibited "hollow pod", a
many pointed, star shaped hollowness between the seed that is very severe in
Seminole. The freezing industry discriminates against varieties that severely
exhibit this tendency.

In the spring replicated trials a Mississippi Agricultural Experiment
Station breeding line C-12-6 ranked first in yield followed by Seminole, S.V.B.L.
breeding lines B-3370, and B-2567-1 and Tenderwhite. It is significant that
B-2567-1 exhibited little hollow pod. This breeding line has been released to
seedsmen. Tenderwhite was a very attractive bean with high yields and high
percentage first picking, but it exhibited very severe hollowness.

In the observational trials white seeded Tendergreen #6135 and #182,
XP219 and NK1OS were considered promising green podded lines.

F.A.E.S. green tipped wax 101B ranked highest in yield of the wax types.
Choctow was considered a promising wax type.

Explanation of Table Headings, Numbered from 1-19

Source: Asg = Associated Seed Growers, EVlB a E. I. Bailey Seed Company,
Cha Charter Seed Company, Cor = Corneli Seed Company, FM = Ferry Morse Seed
Company, FAES = A. P. Lorz, F-Prida Agr. Exp. Sta., Miss = J. A. Campbell,
Mississippi Agr. Exp. Sta., NK Northrup-King Seed Company, Rog = Rogers Bros.
Seed Company, FHW = F. H. 1Woodruff Seed Company, 'IJZ a . J. Zaumeyer, U.S.D.A.

Days to Maturity Number days from planting until first picking

Plant Height In Tables I & II, mean height of 10 plants in each of two repli-
cations-a total of 20 plants. In Table III the mean height of 15 plants.

Elevation of Pods WA = Well above Soil, TO = touch soil occasionally, TB =
pods touch soil badly.

Recovery after picking (Table I only) Rated recovery of vines after picking.
Replications were picked by different pickers. Figures are mean ratings of
four replications for most varieties, for three replications in the remainder.
Scale l4--4 excellent, 3 = good, 2 = fair, 1 poor recovery.










Relative frost damage Table I only For the fall 1956 trials, heavy rains
immediately after planting damaged two replications severely, which were replanted
October li4, 16 days after first planting. Although plot was ringed with smudge
pots on nights of December 2 and 3, 1956, frost nipped the plants. The rating
indicates some relative variety differences. Damage is rated on a 1-8 scale;
1 a no damage to 8 very severe damage. Figures are means of four replications.
Two replications were planted 16 days before the two later replications.

Pod length, inches Mean length of 25 randomly selected pods of No. 5 sieve size.

Pod color VD very dark green, D dark green, M a medium green as Tendergreen,
L a lIght green.

Pod Shape F P flat pod, 0 = oval pod, H heart shaped, R round pod, C *
creasebacked.

Roughness VS very smooth, S o smooth, SR a slightly rough, VR a very rough.

Uniformity VU very uniform, S a satisfactory, SM a severely mixed.

Straightness S = straight, SC = slightly curved, VC a very curved, C2D *
curved 2 directions.

% of pods showing hollowness Percent of pods in 25, No. 5 sieve size pods
showing a many pointed, star-shaped hollowness between the beans.

Severity of Hollowness A 1-8 scale indicating relative size of the cavity,
1 no cavity to B very large and severe cavities.

Estimated yield in 30# bushels per acre Based on plot size and number pounds of
marketable beans per plot

Preference Based on scorers overall opinion of the variety performance in
relation to the performance of know varieties.











Table I 1956-57 Fall


Snapbean Variety Trial Early Replications Planted 9/28/56, Late Replications 10/16/56
Early Replications Harvested 1/15/56 11/19/56
Late Replications Harvested 12/4/56 12/6/56


Characteristics


Pod Characteristics


W Yield


Plnt- hr _teris ic _ I __ as 6


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o ai
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UN-
IS
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0
+
0
0

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b0


rCl
*O
pla


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54

a


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to


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oi


a
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Mr-
&


Asgrow Black Valentine ASG 52 16.9 TB 4.0 3.0 5.6 L 0 S VU SC 60.0% 3 256.5 46.5 t 3.4 10.1
King Green TFM 9 16.7 TO 2.5 2A3 6 -6 S Sc 100, 5T 366.2 79.0 33.9 16.3 -
New Imp. T. Green Rog 51 1I.9 TO 30 3.3 S .7 L R S 2 lO 25i 7 33T3 19T--
Seminole Cor 52 91.7 WA 235 .5 5.7 M R R S SC 100o 7- 430.8 65o5' 5 27.3 7'T -
Wade Cor 50 .6 TO 2.5 3.5 5.2 D R VR SS 100% 7 309 37 i
B219h-1-1 & svL 16. TO 3.0 37 6T. D R SR S Sc Io 3 33.3 5.2 2,2 306
B2530-6-2-2 sv t 5r 18. To 2.8 U. 5. 7D R SR S 60. 7 308.1 i7 29.3 23.
SBVE'L7. 40WHE i TO 2,5 35 =0,I h0-9 41--.- a"-
B3 _______B__L i 16.6 TB 5 36.0 5-5 -S- VUS" sO% 5 298.5 5.9 037l. 16.5L8
Tendegreen EW 9 17.7 TO 275 3.3 H.9 M R 17 VU SC 30% 7 285.6 131 39.1 19= -
des ASG 57 19"2~ T T 3 T3 0 O TrV C 0 -1 316.2 359;2" 32T .1 oT -
Tendergreen FM a9 17.7 A 2.5 335 .0- M R 'SVU 7- 6 390. 46.7 23T 30.2
Tendergreen F.S. F H` o IT" 10;7 T 1O 3TT 35 R I VU S 1 30X 1T2 1 .O 420 T1 T 1,79 '-
Contender FHMW 0 253 O SM 9SC 70 051T I1T 15 12.
-1 0 1a -g_ I -M -S 70, 1 L-0* 4113511.


SianCo error or a mean a


22.7


LSD .0! 65.7 bu.
LSD .01 9.2 bu.


Plant


r




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0


*
0

0
ca~


Variety


a-


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*^


10





a
*





04
I ,

CD


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1


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Table II Spring 1957 Replicated Snapbean Variety Trial Planted 3/20/57 First Harvested 5/9-13/57

I r


VaTri tU


nm


P d Ch act riat10a


r ~ar.L Li n AA~F.. ... o ar .JA .. ...U B h -


I


V4t1 A


,t
'-I


4,


0

P4


3O
0

a


PL
*4rt


-hi
eg
CH
0}q


0

a,
a
*o

P


.1


Af
ri
Bo


0
a)
a,


I - - 1- 1 2 2
Wade (check) EWB 53 b0.6 TO 5.3 VD 3R SR SC 6% 5 387.2 12 51.6 25.4 23o0 2.0
Semdnole Cotr 52 21. TO 60 IM R 3 S SC 100% ? 67l.1 2 509 37o6 11o5 lo5
Pearigreen -1 20, 5TO 5.5 L 5 VU SC LO% 6 ho8el- 9- 57-9 '"_ _" _2 __
Iaadex Rog L9.7 TA 5,6 Mr- R 3R VU S O% 7 256.5 16 3 .7 l6.3 0 2.5
C-.2-6 Miss 50 1.2 TB 6. D O P S SS 5 6~' 6 I7. s12.
B1831-9 -- W 52 20. A- 5.2 VD R sR vu s B8% 56 3969- -11 =0O m53 I __5
63 9 s0.4 TAIs1
B2___-1-1- 72 19.TW6 *. voR a scr5 '5.^8 56 35. 7 .6iZ
B2567-1 ?BL 51 20 TO 37 D R S SEc 8E% 1447T7 5 0T5 15?0 2TB 1o. -1
B2932 SVBrL '1 20 TO 5.6" 0 SM S 9f 379.9 13 58B = 30'3" 110 ___
B2950-l-4-1- SVBL 20.7.1 TO 6.3 M R -- S SC 16 5 3340 1 '52.6 30.6 16. 20 __
B3370 'SVBL 51 19.7 TB 5.7 R- VU SC 28% 3 646.6 M 6-.7 17.2 16. _____
Black Val. 939WJZ 5 200 TB T. i0 SR S SC 0 i 416.2 "Th.t I3 ____2__.
Black Val. 9142 az50 9 B 5 L 10 SR- sT -47 7 421T1 7 74 171 _
Black Val] 9 9 W% 0 21T4 TB 62 M '0 SR S SC TO 4 oi7 oT 70< 17.7 li4 20 __
Black Val. 950 'JZ 3 19.3 TB 0.T L 0 SR SM SC OJ 1 412 71.3 7.O 07 0 _____II
Black Val. 965 WJZ 18 -1. 7 TO" '-T M 0 SR S SC O 1 237.2 13 1B 0 262 25 _
Asgrow BlackVal. (ck Asg 150 21.4 TW 6.2 M 0 S VU SC 0 1 251=7 T17 35.7 38.6 25.7 2 _5
Tenderwhite Rog 20.7 ITO 5. D IR SR VU S W 13010 71 Ib9 69 2o0
Imp. Super Green Ro 51 3" 1 TB 15 R SR 1R 000 6 319- 15" 5.37 29 73, .2
S aidard -errar a mean 20.7 bu
LSD .05 58.7 ba.
ItD .01 78.2 bu.


. I- - -


I UJ


_ r







Table III Spring 1957 Snapbean Variety Observational Trial Planted 3/20/57 Harvested 5/9-13/57

lant h Pod Charateristis __ Yield. __






Topmost Asg 72~ TY.1 T .11 L s s SO O T ,.3,"' 02 -i tr 5 5
50 10 W





i3Asg T 21 TE 3 W 0 1 ,R c! SC 0 T bTn "-2 2," "o7
IA6 A 6.0 D R.0 2 2
Asg WA DR SRS 0 .u16%
Cha 5 TB 5.3 W 0 SC (5) -8.2 2. -. 0 ( 3.)
Green Pod #91 Cha S 16 6 372 57.1 2 169 2.0


Corneli Car 18. TB .6 M S 68% 838 9 8.7 12. 2.8 2.0
Asgeroe Wax Bla ck) B 52 -- WA 5.5 Wo S Sf o O 266, ( 5 13.5 62.2 23 ( 2.5-


Topmo. s. T As 35- ---- TB 33 T ~ ... 31.. "... T.----
ag. 63R-5 Asg 2. --- 12 (5) --


P33_________ Ae5g ... 3 .. 7 o.3 77.7 16. 1.6 2. -
oiss 52 --- 5.1 o -b o 1 z () 9 201 31.o (1.) ..
ariety275 Cha e BT TB 6 ST 7 T nr 5 3-


Green Pd #A TO 61 w VS" S S o 372 (.7 ) 579 22.5 ~9.7 (i.M5)
Topmos 51-- I WA 5.2 M R S2 SC 3 3m 38j2 9 8 46,77 12.5 2.8 2.5 2-
pS TdSBL iF52 19. To 59 -- - -12 2952 I T 9.2 T 33 6.6 2. -
xIO Asg T__ OV A 6.6 -


1S9BL 54 1.6 A. R sR SM SC IOO% 6 370.3 7 -7.7 628.1 72 2.5
S_______ D SRiss Sc 3 92.TT T4 '( 3. 7.9 2.3



M33 As&- 54 M2 20.* To 5.2 D R VR S 7 C 601 U 312.2 12 .7-3 13.3 9.3 2.5
s1B 54 1 T. TB 5T 3 R SR SM u C T 2o27 3 T T- 7922.5 T5 9 1. 5 --


SVBL 52 20,1 TO T D R SR SM SC 100 7 72 3266 T65.- 23.0 18"- 2.0
V CorneB5ti 3 To 54 20- TB 5.6 7 SO 7S2 ,8 2. -
"ck EDB 52 -- -T-OY -r TS 0 .; --





B3092-y s7BL r--rTO 5.2 W - F1. 3'E3 *i^ .7 -

B53093-1 ____317 19.6 A 5.3 T R SR SM 3G 725 21. __ 6 ~ .3 15. -5-3



* See page 5
* ( ) rank of wax ype
( ) rank of arax -,.pe




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