Title: Sorghum, sorgo and millet tests in the Everglades area.
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076915/00002
 Material Information
Title: Sorghum, sorgo and millet tests in the Everglades area.
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Green, Victor E. Jr.
Publisher: Everglades Research Station, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Belle Glade, Fla.
Publication Date: November 1, 1958
 Notes
General Note: Everglades Stations Mimeo Report 59-4
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076915
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

'9'>-


SORGHUM, SORGO AND MILLET TESTS
IN THE EVERGLADES AREA 1958

by

Victor E. Green, Jr.


This report contains results of research with varie-
ties of sorghum, sorgo and millet on organic soils of
southern Florida obtained since the release of rerglades
Station Mimeo Report 58-12. The work is a part of State
Project 662. Seed were furnished by the Taylor,-Ev&as Seed
Company of Tulia, Texas; Paymaster Farms, Plainview, Texas
and DeKalb Seed Producers, Lubbock, Texas.


November 1, 1958

Everglades Station Mimeo Report 59-4


Belle Glade, Florida


/








SORGHUM, SORGO AND MILLET TESTS
IN THE EVERGLADES AREA 1958

by

Victor E. Green, Jr.A/


Several plantings of sorghum were made at the Everglades Experiment Station
in 1958. The sub-tropical grasses were set back severely during the winter of
1957-58, preventing their use in the silage program. All of the silage produced
at the Station this year was sorghum or sorgo, with the exception of a small
amount of corn silage. The varieties Regular Hegari, Tracy Sorgo and Sart Sorgo
proved excellent as cover crops that could be used for silage after three or
four months growth.

Two variety tests were grown in 1958. Both tests were located in the west
end of Field 4NW on old corn land. The soil was fertilized with 500 pounds per
acre of 0-8-16 including 1% CuO, 1% MuO, 0.5% B203, 0.5% ZnO and 5 pounds of
actual aldrin. Rows were laid out three feet apart east and west. Each plot
consisted of four rows. The experimental design was a randomized complete block.
Rows were 20 feet long. Seed were dropped by hand, one seed about every one-1-Jf
inch. One test consisted of 45 varieties and was planted on March 3 and 4, 1'i8.
Another test consisted of the same 45 varieties and 6 additional varieties and
was planted on April 8, 1958.

Height measurements were made every week until all varieties headed and
ceased attaining height. The heading date. of each variety was recorded. One
row of each plot was harvested after 8, 10 and 12 weeks growth for forage yield.
The fourth row of each plot was harvested for grain yield when mature in the
March planting. Each variety in the March planting was sampled for percentage
protein. On July 1, 12-stalk samples of the sorgo varieties in the March plant-
ing were collected and taken to the U.S.D.A. Sugar Plant Field Station for labor-
atory mill juice analysis.

Tables 1 and 2 present the agronomic characteristics of the sorghum, sorgo
and millet varieties grown from the two planting dates. For each variety, the
reader can visualize the progress of the crop by referring to the height columns,
can compare the earliness or lateness of the various types, and can compare the
yields of green forage, percentage dry matter and yield of dry forage per acre.

Table 3 is a summary table of the data in Table 1 along with the percentage
protein in the forage of the March planting at 8, 10 a- .?i weeks. The calcu-
lated yield of crude protein per acre is shown, alao. 'P0 yield of grain in
pounds per acre is shown for varieties that suffer' -c .3. t'-an 30 percent damage
by birds. Yields were not measured from Starr Ml.IiKet or 'ror. the Sud.ngres.s
group. The laboratory mill juice analysis is eh;7 .c: ..ce i orgo v-.-it Lt for
the March planting in Table 3, also. The data shorr hat ma-y of the 'r:.eti-es
were sampled too early to reflect high figures for ,WyetesLc. At 1.20 ,as nfter
planting, Tracy and Wiley were the sweetest varieties sccrrc.ilng to thl tJbs.
Sucrose was highest in the juice of Tracy. These data sug~. t 'he dezir:::i.ility
of growing Tracy for making bilage or mixing with grasses in making sil-ae.


I/ Associate Agronomist, Everglades Experiment Station, University of Flori'a
A Agricultural Experiment Stations, Belle Glade. The vritrer vi hes to
acknowledge the assistance of Messrs. R. M. Fliehs, C, J.- l!cl~an an,
Mr. D. D. Nehls, Field Assistants for aid in the conduct of the experiments
reported herein.






Tb. . Agronomic Characteristics of Sorghum, Sorgo and Millet Varieties, Belle Glade, Florida, 1958.

Height, inches after weeks growth Heading Data Yield, Tons After Weeks Growth, Fresh and Dry
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Date Days 8 10 12
4-15 4-22 4-29 5-6 5-13 5-20 5-27 Fresh DM,% @10 Fresh DM,% @10% Fresh M,% @10%


Hybrid Grain Sorghums

1. Texas 590 25 34
2. Texas 601 23 31
3. Texas 610 24 31
4. Texas 611 22 28
5. Texas 620 29 34
6. Texas 650 25 29
7. Texas 660 26 34
*38. DeKalb Ch4A 20 28
*39. DeKalb D50A 24 30
*40. Dekalb E56A 22 28
*41. DeKalb F62A 23 28
*42. DeKalb FS1 25 35

Open-Pollinated Grain Sorghums


5-6
5-10
5-8
5-9
5-7
5-7
5-7
5-9
5-4
5-6
5-6
5-4


9.3
11.7
10.6
9.5
12.4
9.3
10.7
7.2
5.9
9.3
9.1
8.7


12.Ox
13.2x
13 .Ox
12.6x
13.9x
12.5x
12.5x
13.9x
12.7x
13.6x
13.9x
13.3x


1.2
1.7
1.5
1.3
1.9
1.3
1.5
1.5
0.8
1.4
1.4
1.3


14.6
15.3
18.7
17.7
17.2
14.3
17.0
11.8
13.4
15.6
12.4
12.6


23.5x
23.6x
24.2x
23.7x
24.8x
25.3x
23.Ox
24 .Ox
25.8x
26.9x
26.2x
25.3x


3.8
4.0
5.0
4.7
4.7
4.0
4.3
3.1
3.8
4.7
3.6
3.5


16.1
19.8
19.6
16.8
17.6
17.0
18.1
18.5
13.8
18.1
15.3
17.8


26.4x
26.9x
27.2x
30.9x
29 .Ox
29.5x
30.lx
29.lx
27.5x
30.8x
28.8x
29 .Ox


8. Early Hegari
9. Regular Hegari
10. Std.Blackhull
Kafir
11. Haas Hegari
*44. Guinea Corn
Combine Grain Sorghums
12. Plainsman
13. Redbine 60
14. Redbine 66
15. Combine 7078
16. Westland
17. DD Yellow Sooner
18. Martin


71 5-17
54 4-29
84 5-11


7.5
10.5

10.5
8.1
11.9


9.4
11.8
13.7
9.9
10.2
5.9
11.2


5-7
5-6
5-6
5-13
5-9
5-4
5-10


14.2x 1.2 12.3 30.2x 4.1
13.6x 1.6 12.1 27.8x 3.8


11 .Ox
13 .1x
8.8x


11.8x
11.8x
12.2x
13.3x
12.8x
13.2x
12.9x


1.3 16.6
1.2 12.4
1.2 16.3


1.2
1.5
1.8
1.4
1.4
0.9
1.6


15.1
18.1
20.3
14.7
16.6
12.9
16.5


20.8x
29.Ox
29.9x


21.4x
23.2x
21.1x
20.4x
19.5x
25.7x
25.3x


3.8
4.0
5.4


3.6
4.7
4.8
3.3
3.6
3.7
4.6


11.8 36.4x
14.1 34.7x


20.2
13.1
20.1


19.0
20.3
21.7
14.8
19.8
14.2
17.3


27.6x
33.7x
33.8x


29.5x
28.Ox
28.5x
28.8x
28.7x
28.7x
32.3x


4.7
5.9
5.9
5.8
5.7
5.6
6.0
6.0
4.2
6.2
4.9
5.7


6.2
4.9
7.5

6.2
6.3
6.9
4.7
6.3
4.5
6.2






Table 1. Continued


Height, inches after weeks growth Heading Data Yield, Tons after weeks growth, Fresh and -Dry
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Date Days 8 10 12
4-15 4-22 4-29 5-6 5-13 5-20 5-27 Fresh M,% @10% Fresh m4, @o10 Fresh ,% 10o%
Sweet Sorghum (Sorgo)
19. Atlas Sorgo 25 34 47 59 63 73 84 5-16 74 14.7 10.5x 1.7 22.6 24.4x 6.1 23.7 24.0x 6.3
20. Sumac 1712 25 34 45 54 60 68 71 5-29 88 12.1 10.3x 1.4 19.8 20.9x 4.6 32.6 24.1x 8.7
21. Kansas Orange 22 35 53 66 69 78 90 5-20 78 10.5 10.lx 1.1 27.4 19.7x 6.0 29.2 25.5x 8.3
22. Leoti Red 24 31 46 52 68 84 84 5-11 69 13.0 9.8x 1.4 23.7 18.7x 4.9' 26.1 25.4x 7.4
23. Sugar Drip 25 29 46 59 66 84 90 5-27 85 11.0 10.6x 1.3 25.1 19.7x 5.5 29.7 23.9x 7.9
24. African Millet 29 36 54 63 63 74 84 5-17 75 14.8 10.5x 1.7 23.0 20.2x 5.2 29.9 25.5x 8.5
25. Black Amber 27 38 57 62 69 74 74 4-27 55 9.7 15.3x 1.6 13.1 26.6x 3.9 15.5 32.2x 5.5
26. Honey Sorgo 22 28 45 59 72 84 84 5-12 69 10.4 9.7x 1.1 29.3 15.9x 5.2 36.2 20.7x 8.3
27. Tracy Sorgo 24 37 55 65 74 84 84 5-24 82 15.3 9.7x 1.6 23.5 17.3x 4.5 29.8 25.Ox 8.3
28. Sart Sorgo 25 34 50 62 72 84 84 5-6 64 5.9 12.1x 0.8 12.9 20.9x 3.0 19.4 27.2x 5.9
29. Kafir 6550 26 36 53 65 66 84 84 5-15 73 13.1 11.lx 1.6 21.7 18.4x 4.4 29.3 21.8x 7.1
30. Kafir 60 25 30 39 45 49 54 54 5-12 70 9.2 12.8x 1.3 12.6 22.3x 3.1 16.3 27.4x 5.0
31. Med. Dw. Sumac 29 37 54 63 70 84 84 5-10 68 16.0 18.1x 3.2 25.6 19.3x 5.5 33.1 27.9x 10.3
*45. Wiley Sorgo 26 39 55 67 72 96 96 5-26 84 16.8 14.6x 2.7 23.4 20.1x 5.2 24.6 21.9x 6.0
Millet

32. German Millet R 20 27 38 40 40 40 40 4-30 58 5.8 11.8x 0.8 7.0 35.Ox 2.7 6.4 51.7x 3.6
33. Starr Millet 21 27 48 58 62 62 62 4-30 58 14.5 7.3x 1.2 16.5 22.7x 4.2 16.9 27.3x 5.1
Sudangrass

34. Sweet Sudan 22 33 48 59 64 69 69 4-30 58 10.2 13.0x 1.5 15.3 24.7x 4.2 17.8 23.9x 4.7
35. Greenleaf Sudan 16 18 26 36 45 54 74 5-9 67 2.1 12.1x 0.3 4.9 22.4x 1.2 7.7 21.5x 1.9
36. Common Sudan 19 25 36 43 48 58 62 4-22 50 4.4 12.0x 0.6 6.3 30.0x 2.1 8.9 37.3x 3.7
37. Sorghum Almum 24 28 44 59 71 74 84 5-9 63 7.1 10.8x 0.8 11.6 27.2x 3.5 15.6 30.3x 5.3
*43. S. Almum (N.Z.) 21 36 50 64 74 78 80 4-28 56 8.2 12.1x 1.1 12.9 31.5x 4.5 14.5 29.2x 4.7

Numbers 1-37 grown in 1957 and 1958; Numbers 38-45 grown in 1958 only. Planted March 3 and 4, 1958.

x Moisture column so marked to prevent reading as wet or dry yield. E.E.S. 00 copies
E.E.S. 400 copies







Table 2. Agronomic Characteristics of Sorghums, Sorgo and Millet Varieties, Belle Glade, Florida, 1958.

Height, inches after weeks growth Yield, Tons After Weeks Growth, Fresh and Dry
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Heading Data 8 10 12
5-20 5-27 6-3 6-10 6-17 6-24 7-1. Date Days Fresh EM, @100o Fresh IM,% @10t Fresh DM,d @10%


Hybrid Grain Sorghums

1. Texas 590 18
2. Texas 601 19
3. Texas 610 22
4. Texas 611 20
5. Texas 620 22
6. Texas 650 20
7. Texas 660 23
*38. Dekalb C44A 22
*39. Dekalb D50A 24
*10. Dekalb E56A 24
*41. Dekalb F62A 23
*42. Dekalb FS1 28 i

Open-pollinated Grain Sorghums


6-8
6-8
6-6
6-8
6-8
6-8
6.7
6-6
6-6
6-6
6-6
6-6


3.7
3.4
4.1
3.9
4.4
4.6
4.4
4.6
4.9
6.4
5.2
4.7


24 .8x
25.3x
26.1x
25.3x
25.lx
25.8x
27.1 x
33.0Ox
27.3x
27.6x
2 .9x
26.8x


1.0
1.0
1.2
1.1
1.2
1.4
1.3
1.7
1.5
2.0
1.7
1.4


4.6
5.2
7.4
7.3
7.1
6.6
8.1
5.5
7.7
9.0
6.8
9.2


43 Ox
53.5x
26.lx
43 .Ox
43.5x
35.5x
35.9x
39.4x
38.6x
35.3x
39.3x
26.4x


2.2
3.1
2.1
3.5
3.4
2.6
3.2
2.4
3.3
3.5
2.9
2.7


6.8
7.0
8.3
8.5
8.9
6.8
6.9
6.2
9.0
8.7
8.5
11.9


37 .Ox
41.2x
41.3x
36.6x
35.6x
37.5x
35.3x
36.1x
38.5x
37.lx
42.2x
30.8x


Early Hegari
Regular Hegari
Std. Blackhull
Kafir
Haas Begari
Guinea Corn
Redlan Kafir
Kafir 44-14
Caprock


5 -n5
5-"6
5-27

6-9
5-.27
6-12
6-10
6-7
6-10


7.5 24.lx
7.6 27.ox


5.3
8.2
4.7
3.0
4.9
4.9


24 .lx
25 .ix
24.2x
25.0Ox
25.8x
24.Ox


2.0
2.3

1.4
2.3
1.3
0.8
1.4
1.3


7.4 39.1x 3.2 7.4 39.7x 3.3
9.3 38.4x 3.9 8.4 35.5x 3.3


11.3
4.6
15.0
6.8
8.4
9.4


29.Ox
4: .4.x
43.6x
34.2x
33.2x
28.8x


3.7
3.7
7.2
2.6
3.1
3.9


13.0
8.0
19.7
9.2
8.9
11.1


37.7x
38.4x
39.3x
33.3x
40.9x
33.9x


5.4
3.4
8.6
3.4
4.0
4.2


2.8
3.2
3.8
3.5
3.5
2.8
3.5
2.5
3.8
3.6
4.0
4.1




/
Table 2. Continued

Height, inches after weeks growth Yield Tons after weeks growth, Fresh and Dry
6 7 8 9 2W 11 12 Heading Data a 10 12
5-20 5-27 6-3 6-10 6-17 6-24 7-1 Date Days Fresh tM,% 210q Fresh Em,% @10% Fresh mD,% @10%
Combine Grain Sorghums
12. Plainsman 25 33 34 39 53 54 54 6-9 63 4.5 28.6x 1.4 8.9 38.0x 3.8 9.4 36.4x 3.8
13. Redbine 60 30 37 37 55 56 57 57 6-6 60 6.4 26.5x 1.9 10.1 35.6x 4.0 9.7 39.3x 4.2
14. Redbine 66 30 36 36 41 54 58 60 6-9 63 10.5 23.2x 2.7 14.2 31.2x 4.9 12.9 35.8x 5.1
15. Combine 7078 19 24 28 32 41 43 43 6-7 61 7.2 35.5x 2.8 4.1 36.6x 3.3 7.3 38.2x 3.1
16. Westland 28 30 37 38 46 52 52 6-7 61 9.5 24.5x 2.6 6.2 34.8x 5.0 11.5 39.9x 5.1
17. DD Yellow Sooner 29 36 45 54 55 55 55 6-2 56 11.3 24.7x 3.1 8.0 39.4x 6.4 13.4 31.5x 4.7
18. Martin 30 36 42 54 54 56 57 6-6 60 11.4 23.5x 3.0 6.8 34.3x 5.5 12.6 40.Ox 5.6
*47. Redbine 58 28 30 36 44 48 48 51 6-6 60 9.0 25.5x 2.6 9.3 34.8x 3.6 8.7 41.6x 4.0
Sweet Sorghum (Sorgo)
19. Atlas Sorgo 36 43 53 64 76 76 78 6-10 64 14.7 23.5x 3.9 23.5 30.6x 8.0 23.8 30.6x 8.1
20. Sumac 1712 35 43 54 59 71 72 72 6-14 68 15.2 20.6x 3.5 18.5 32.6x 6.7 18.9 30.8x 6.5
21. Kansas Orange 38 48 59 68 79 84 84 6-12 66 18.5 22.3x 4.6 22.0 26.1x 6.4 21.3 35.9x 8.5
22. Leoti Red 38 48 63 77 96 96 96 6-7 61 18.7 21.6x 4.5 23.1 28.8x 7.4 19.9 36.8x 8.1
23. Sugar Drip 36 48 64 70 78 90 96 6-16 70 18.8 24.8x 5.2 26.9 28.8x 8.6 26.0 31.3x 9.0
24. African Millet 39 51 66 72 84 90 90 6-14 68 22.7 22.7x 5.7 24.5 27.Ox 7.3 23.4 28.1x 7.3
25. Black Amber 39 58 72 75 80 84 84 5-23 46 18.8 27.8x 5.8 19.3 32.4x 6.9 15.5 39.4x 6.8
26. Honey Sorgo 38 50 60 70 78 90 108 6-16 70 24.3 22.6x 6.1 35.6 20.0x 7.9 32.5 24.6x 8.9
27. Tracy Sorgo 39 50 60 69 78 84 96 6-15 69 17.4 35.4x 6.8 23.7 23.7x 6.2 22.1 28.1x 6.9
28. Sart Sorgo 38 53 55 84 96 108 108 6-20 74 22.8 29.8x 7.5 30.3 35.0x 11.8 36.7 25.7x 10.4
29. Kafir 6550 37 48 50 61 70 72 78 6-9 63 11.9 25.9x 3.4 19.7 28.6x 6.2 20.2 39.4x 8.8
30. Kafir 60 35 38 39 48 51 55 58 6-9 63 10.1 30.1x 3.4 12.6 31.7x 4.4 13.3 32.8x 4.8
31. Me Dw. Sumac 32 42 46 69 77 77 77 6-9 63 7.4 26.7x 2.2 15.5 28.2x 4.9 15.7 30.8x 5.4
*45. Wiley Sorgo 42 58 63 8 96108 108 6-21 75 20.6 24.2x 5.5 36.3 21.7x 8.8 35.5 30.1x 11.9







Table 2. Continued.


S Height, inches after weeks growth Yield, Tons after weeks growth, Fresh and Dry
6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Heading Data 8 10 12
5-20 5-27 6-3 6-10 6-17 6-24 7-1 Date Days Fresh Em,% @10% Fresh DN,% @10% Fresh EM,% @10%
Millet

32. German Millet R 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 5-19 42 6.8 41.9x 3.2 5.7 52.3x 3.3 2.5 69.9x- 2.0
33. Starr Millet 38 48 59 78 82 84 86 6-6 60 17.4 25.5x 4.9 35.1 21.9x 8.5 27.4 30.5x 9.3
*46. German Millet 8A 30 39 39 39 39 39 39 5-19 42 5.1 50.0x 2.8 4.3 49.0x 2.3 2.3 50.3x 1.3
*51. Ga. By. Millet 1 38 57 57 84 102 102 102 6-6 60 21.0 17.9x 4.2 35.1 24.1x 9.4 37.6 31.2x 13.0
Sudangrass

34. sweet Sudan 16 30 37 55 65 65 65 6-9 63 4.5 23.1x 1.2 4.9 35.5x 2.0 8.1 32.2x 2.9
35. Greenleaf Sudan 16 30 42 59 69 72 72 6-12 66 2.6 26.3x 0.8 6.9 33.1x 2.5 9.2 28.2x 2.9
36. Common Sudan 20 45 53 68 71 72 72 5-22 45 6.1 32.4x 2.2 6.7 49.6x 3.7 6.2 57.2x 3.9
37. Sorghum Almum 20 42 49 68 78 84 86 5-29 52 7.3 29.2x 2.4 8.1 46.7x 4.2 9.2 42.1x 4.3
*43. S. Alaum (N.Z.) 18 30 49 65 74 78 78 5-29 52 6.7 41.2x 3.1 11.0 42.7x 5.2 12.5 42.3x 5.9


Planted April 8, 1958.


EES 400 copies


* Numbers 1-37 grown in 1957 and twice in 1958; Numbers 38-51 grown in 1958 only.

x Moisture columns so marked to prevent reading as wet or dry yield.






Table 3. Summary Data on Growth, and Yaeid and Protein Content of Sorghum, Sorgo and Millet Varieties, Belle Glade,
Florida. 1958.


Days
Height to
Inches Heading


Hybrid Grain Sorghums
1. Texas 590
2. Texas 601
3. Texas 610
4. Texas 611
5. Texas 620
6. Texas 650
7. Texas 660
*38. DeKalb C44A
*39. DeKalb D50A
*40. DeKalb E56A
*41. DeKalb F62A
*42. DeKalb FS1


Open-Pollinated Grain
8. Early Hegari
9. Regular Hegari
10. Std.Bkhl. Kafir
11. Haas Hegari
*44. Guinea Corn

Combine Grain Sorghums
12. Plainsman
13. Redbine 60
14. Redbine 66
15. Combine 7078
16. Westland
17. D.D. Yel. Sooner
118. Martin


Sorghums
54
55
71
54
84


55
58
56
41
48
45
58


Yield tons @ 10% H20, Protein,
after growth in weeks
8
Yield Prot. Pro. -Yield
T. % A. T.


1.2
1.7
1.5
1.3
1.9
1.3
1.5
1.5
0.8
1.4
1.4
1.3


1.2
1.6
1.3
1.2
1.2


1.2
1.5
1.8
1.4
1.4
0.9
1.6


17.94
16.36
16.80
14.26
13.13
17.59
12.25
15.84
17.06
14.79
13.83
8.84


13.39
13.39
15.93
11.73
11.90


19.25
18.11
17.85
19.34
17.59
13.74
15.40


441
553
511
374
496
450
363
478
280
411
384
226


313
423
405
274
274


470
551
628
557
507
236
490


3.8
4.0
5.0
4.7
4.7
4.0
4.3
3.1
3.8
4.7
3.6
3.5

4.1
3.8
3.8
4.0
5.4


3.6
4.7
4.8
3.3
3.6
3.7
4.6


% Dry Basis and Protein per Acre

10 12
Prot. Prot. Yield Prot.
d A. T.


13.83
11.73
8.75
7.18
8.75
7.26
10.33
10.59
10.68
9.54
9.01
7.18


7.26
7.85
9.28
7.53
10.59


13.83
10.15
12.69
13.13
14.09
9.54
10.50


1051
941
882
671
'828
582
895
663
818
887
652
507


597
589
711
602
1144


993
946
1208
869
1014
700
972


4.7
5.9
5.9
5.8
5.7
5.6
6.0
6.0
4.2
6.2
4.9
5.7


4.8
5.7
6.2
4.9
7.5


6.2
6.3
6.9
4.7
6.3
4.5
6.2


9.89
10.33
7.26
8.05
9.80
8.14
10.15
9.80
7.88
8.14
7.09
4.64


7.79
7.61
7.70
7.26
8.22


12.43
10.33
9.28
9.01
11.20
5.69
9.01


Grain
Yield
Lbs./A.
?rot. @ 15.5%
A. 1/


928
1223
858
926
1111
908
1226
1168
663
10oo4
693
531


740
866
955
709
1240


1546
1304
1273
854
1407
514
1119


3240
2650

--


2510

3400
3100



1780
2260

1490
2240


2430
2600
2800
2760
1720
2660
2920


I


---


I I II I







Table 3. Continued

Sweet Sorghums (Sorgo)


19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24,
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
*45.


Millet


Atlas
sumac 1712
Kansas Orange
Leoti Red
Sugardrip
African Millet
Black Amber
Honey
Tracy
Sart
Kafir 6550
Kafir 60
Med. DW. Sumac
Wiley


Laboratory-Mill 2/
Juice Analysis
Brix Sucrose Purity


1.7
1.4
1.1
1.4
1.3
1.7
1.6
1.1
1.6
0.8
1.6
1.3
3.2
2.7


12.34
15.31
14.00
14.44
12.16
16.36
10.24
12.08
14.26
14.79
13.48
15.93
12.95
12.51


415
419
325
390
311
560
332
268
462
231
434
414
826
284


6.1
4.6
6.0
4.9
5.5
5.2
3.9
5.2
4.5
3.0
4.4
3.1
5.5
5.2


8.66
11.90
7.79
8.58
6.74
9.28
7.18
10.24
9.01
8.93
9.89
13.13
10.24
12.25


1058
1092
935
844
739
960
553
1057
813
532
874
814
942
1276


6.3
8.7
8.3
7.4
7.9
8.5
5.5
8.3
8.3
5.9
7.1
5.0
10.3
6.0


6.56
9.63
3.76
4.38
7.18
9.19
6.30
6.91
7.61
6.56
7.09
7.96
6.56
9.45


830
1678
620
646
1132
1553
696
1147
1257
769
1004
788
1349
1128


3110

1840
2410
2090
2720
1480
1150
1960

2390


14.04
17.24
17.24
14.74
14.44
11.04
12.04
18.04
7.94
15.84
11.44
11.84
17.94


6.58 46.87
9.73 56.44
Too dark
8.65 58.68
8.37 57.96
Not enough juice
5.31 44.10
11.83 65.58
2.34 29.47
9.06 57.20
5-59 48.86
Too dark
7.89 43.98


32. German R
33. Starr

Sudangrass


0.8 15.23 228 2.7 13.30 721 3.6 9.63
1.2 15.40 357 4.2 13.48 1111 5.1 9.80


701 1400
1004 --


34.
35.
36.
37.
*43.


sweet
Greenleaf
Common
Sorghum Almum
s. Almum (N.Z.)


1.5
0.3
0.6
0.8
1.1


19.43
18.03
15.93
16.28
10.59


567
101
182
274
233


4.2
1.2
2.1
3.5
4.5


15.23
16.71
12.34
11.03
7.61


1276
408
518
772
683


4.7
1.9
3.7
5.3
4.7


9.45
12.60
9.80
9.89
5.78


892
466
725
1038
543


* Numbers 1-37 grown in 1957 and 1958; Numbers 38-45 grown in 1958 only. Planted March 3 and 4, 1958.

Vi Grain yields are not shown for varieties that suffered more than 30% bird damage. Yields were not harvested
from Starr Millet or the sudangrass group.

2/ Analysis by E. R. Rice, Research Agronomist, U.S.D.A., Canal Point, Florida.
Sampled July 1, 1958, 120 days after planting.










Tables 4, 5 and 6 show summary data for the average of the indicated number
of varieties of the various types of grain sorghum, millet, and sudangrass as
regards crude protein percentage of the dried forage (Table 4), yield of dry
matter (Table 5), crude protein per acre (Table 6) and moisture percentage
(Table 7).

These data show the value of harvesting the plants at a young stage to
obtain forage high in crude protein. As time elapses, the moisture content
decreases along with protein percentage while the production of dry matter and
crude protein per acre increases. The early blooming sudangrass should be cut
earlier than the sorghums and sorgos. Nothing is gained by delaying the harvest
of the millets beyond the flowering stage.

There are frequent references in the literature that Sart sorgo attains
a height between 12 and 14 feet. In southern Florida it does not grow nearly tha
tall, probably due to the shorter days here. Table 8 shows the height and number
of days to heading when planted at various times.


Table 4. The Effect of Time of Cutting Sorghum, Sorgo and Millet
on the Protein Content of the Dried Forage. Belle Glade,
Florida. Planted 3/4/58.

Group Entries Protein Content at age in Weeks, dry %
8 10 12


Hybrid 12 14.89 9.57 8.43
Open-pollinated 5 13.25 8.50 7.72
Combine 7 17.37 11.99 9.54
Sorgo 14 13.63 9.56 7.08
Millet 2 15.31 13.39 9.71
Sudangrass 5 16.05 12.58 9.50



Table 5. The Effect of Time of Cutting Sorghum, Sorgo and Millet
on the yield of dry matter. Belle Glade, Florida.
Planted 3/4/58.

Group Entries Tons yield of dry matter after weeks growth
8 10 12


Hybrid 12 1.4 4.1 5.6
Open-Pollinated 5 1.3 4.2 5.8
Combine 7 1.4 4.6 5.9
Sorgo 14 1.6 4.8 7.4
Millet 2 1.0 3:5 4.4
Sudangrass 5 0.9 3.1 4.1








-3-


Table 6. The Effect of Time of Cutting Sorghum, Sorgo
on the Production of Crude Protein Per Acre.
Florida. Planted 3/4/58.

Entries Production of Crude Protein Per
After weeks growth
8 10


and Millet
Belle Glade,


Acre, Lbs.

12


Hybrid
Open-pollinated
Combine
Sorgo
Millet
Sudangrass


414
338
491
405
293
271


781
729
957
892
916
731


937
902
1145
1043
852
733


Table 7. The Effect of Time of Growth on the dry matter content of
Sorghum, Sorgo and Millet. Belle Glade, Florida. Planted
3/4/58.


Entries


Hybrid
Open-pollinated
Combine
Sorgo
Millet
Sudangrass


Dry Matter Content of Above Ground
Portion After Weeks Growth
8 10 12


13.1
12.1
12.6
11.8
9.6
12.0


24.7
27.5
22.9
20.3
28.9
27.2


Average
Days to
First
Flower


28.8
33.2
29.2
25.2
39.5
28.4


Table 8. The Effect of Planting Date on the
Season to Flowering of Sart Sorgo.
1957-1958.


Height and Length of
Belle Glade, Florida.


Planting Date


Height, Inches


February 18, 1957
March 3, 1958
April 8, 1958
June 3, 1958
July 1, 1958
August 1, 1958


EES 59-4 400 copies


Group


Group


Days to
Flower




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs