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Title: Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaria) variety and strain test.
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076889/00004
 Material Information
Title: Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaria) variety and strain test.
Series Title: Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaria) variety and strain test.
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Hoffman, James C.
Publisher: Everglades Experiment Station.
Place of Publication: Belle Glade, Fla.
Publication Date: June 1948
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076889
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 166140821

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Everglades Experiment Station

Belle Glade, Florida











Mimeograohed Report No. 13

(Horticulture)





*x*


SNAP BEAN, Phaseolus vulgaris

VARIETY AND STRAIN TEST


James C. Hoffman


June 1948




SNAP BEAN VARIETY AND STRAIN TEST
June 1948

The test was planted as a 7 x 7 lattice square Karch 1, 1948. Each of
four replicates consists of a single row 37 feet in length. Spergon treated seed
were planted 2 inches in depth with an Equa-Space seeding mechanism at the rate of
6 seed per linear foot. The rows were spaced 28 inches apart.

Fertilizer was applied March 1 at the rate of o00 pounds of 0-10-10, 50
pounds manganese sulphate, 15 pounds copper sulphate, 15 pounds ~:.in sll ;pio.tc and
5 pounds of borax per acre, in 2 bands 3 inches on each side of the seadbo-d arid 3
inches in depth.

The plots were located on well mature sawgrass peat with a pH of approxi-
mately 5.75.

To control powdery mildew and rust, the beans were sprayed with a mixture
of 15 pounds of wettable sulfur in 100 gallons of water at the rate of 125 gaol3ons
per acre. To this sulfur spray, which was applied on the 12th, 19th, 2cth and 3&rd
d-:' after seeding, was added 2 pounds of manganese sulphate and 1 r)und o: zinc
-:';: :te per 100 gallons of spray solution. There were no visible nutrient dcfi-
cl_3iy symptoms until the heavy rains of April 3 16 which totaled 6.60 inches.
At tlt.is time nitrogen and manganese deficiency was evident and directly correlated
with root injury associated with the water saturated soil.

The crop grew extremely well until April 3 at which time the area had
2.45 inches of rain. This rain was followed by a warm windy day that was favorable
for a high rate of transpiration. This condition caused extreme wilting for 3 days
and resulted in reduced yields as the varieties that did not wilt the second day
yielded higher than those that continued to wilt. The temperature for the growing
season averaged 79.4 F. for the period from 6:00 A. U. to 6:00 P. H., and 66.50 F.
for the period from 6:00 P. H. to 6:00 A. 1.,, or a general average temperature of
13.00 F. for the bean growing season.

The data as presented show the importance of breeding and selection for
desirable bean qualities and high yielding stocks as associated with unfavorable
heavy rainfall and wet soil. Seven of the 8 stocks that significantly out-yielded
tha Tendergreen average are new bean progeny. Logan is a very desirable round
type and has been in the high yielding class in 3 different tests conducted on the
organic soils of the Everglades. The V. B. L. progeny, B1419-1-15-4l, 'B1515-1-7-1-5,
Bl625-17, and B1801-7 performed exceptionally well in this test. In an observation
test B2254 produced a concentrated yield of beans of desirable quality. This pro-
geny apparently has possibilities as a good high yielding single harvesting variety.
Progeny 31254-1-1-2 has excellent appearance in being smooth and straight, however,
the fiber content is very high. Progeny B1482-5-3-2 should be again tested under
varied environments. This bean has averaged over 6.00 inches in length in 3 dif-
ferent tests. The quality and smoothness are desirable when compared with Tender-
green.
Rival and Zaumoyer #1 were outstanding in yield performance, but would be
considered slightly rough to very rough as grown in this test. These progeny should
be again tested under different climatic conditions in the area to check the degree
of roughness.

Tendergreen and Black Valentine are beans that should be replaced by new
varieties or improved strains.




Page 2.


Tendergreen develops approximately 100 percent mosaic in the Belle Glade
area and the resulting yields ars very low.
The Black Valentine variety is not a consistent high yielding bean and
the shape varies under extreme climatic conditions.
The V. B. L. bean breeding program has made much progress in detel';ping
stocks which should replace both of the above mentioned standard varieties in the
near future.
A description of each numbered column is outlined as follows:


TABLE 1. (1) Seed Source:


B. L. Wade, U.S.D.A.
Rogers Brothers Seed Company
Asooiiated Seed Growers
Zaumsyer, U.S.D.A.
Corneli Seed Company
Kilgore Seed Company
F. H. Woodruff & Sons
Ferry-Horse Seed Company


(2) Number of days to number 4 grade development.
(3) Thickness was measured in millimeters with a vernier caliper, the
average as listed represents 4 measurements on separate fruit. These measurements
were not taken at constricted locations.
(U) Same method as 3.
(5) Thickness divided by width gives a shape index as follows:
0.60 and below are flat fruit
0.60 to 0.80 are oval
0.80 to 1.20 are round.
(6) Straightness: 1. pencil straight 3. badly curved
2. slightly curved 4. curved in two directions.
(7) Length: Average of 100 fruit to the nearest 1 inch; any difference
of 0.17 of an inch is considered highly significant as calculated by variance analysis
(8) Color: 1. very dark 3. medium
2. dark U. light.
(9) Roughness: 1. very smooth 3. slightly rough
2. smooth U. very rough.
(Roughness is usually caused by constrictions between the seed.)
(10) Uniformity: A relative scale, 1 being extremely uniform and 5 being
extremelyy irregular.
(11) Fruit were approximately 25 percent number 3 grade, 25 percent number
4 grade and 50 percent number 5 grade.
(12) Plant Height: Measured from soil to tip of longest leaflet.
(13) Height of pods from soil: 1. well above soil
24 clear of soil
3. touches soil occasionally
4. touches soil badly.
(14) Plants per foot: Average random sample of 10 feet, taken at 4 loca-
tions or replicates.

TABLE 2. (1) Same as table 1, column 1.
(2) Based on total harvest of 2 pickings
(3) Mean yield of 4 replications 37 feet in length, calculated on per acre
basis. It takes 99 bushels difference between any two progeny at the 5 percent point
and 131 bushels difference at the 1 percent point.
(b) Estimated variety means adjusted by calculation of lattice square. The
significance of these data are explained by a study of table 3 and notes.






TABLE 1. SNAP BEAN VARIETY AND STRAIN TEST, EVERiGLDL S EXPERIIENT STATION, BELIE GLADE, FLORIDA, SPRING 198.
S P 0 D S PLANT
o to

S Variety or Strain 0o 0 ) ) 0 c
4-) U) 4-1 'bD 4-1 CO 4 -1
10 0 U a^ -15 W.I. 0 Y3 w 5) bD tO H -p
& r E- o s -r o C E 0 cto ro X
21) ( (3) () () (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (1
1. B1187-1-8 1 52 0.94 0.89 1.06 2 5.07 2 3 3 604 20 3 3.8
2. B1213-9 1 52 0.90 0.89 1.01 2 5.12 2 3 2 578 20 3 1.7
3. EBl--1-2 1 52 0.77 0.96 0.80 1 5.74 4 1 1 602 20 3 4.9
4. 2 9-1- l5- l 1 52 0.90 0.79 1.14 2 4,94 4 2 2 504 17 4 1.2
5. E1U2-5-3-2 1 52 0,90 0.85 1.06 2 6.11 2 2 2 674 19 3 1.6
6. B]l :1-i-7-4 1 53 0.83 0.87 0.95 2 5.63 1 2 2 635 22 3 1.5
7. El.25 -17 1 50 0.87 0.93 0.94 2 6.00 3 2 1 671 20 3 2.5
8. Bi';57-2 1 52 0.91 1.03 0.88 2 5.44 3 3 4 656 23 3 1.6
9. BEW. ;-4 1 52 0.90 0.90 1.00 2 5.43 2 3 4 608 21 3 3.1
10. E2096-4-1 1 52 0.99 0.85 1.16 2 4.85 3 3 1 594 17 3 4.7
11. B2163-1 1 50 0.72 1.05 0.69 2 6.18 3 3 4 733 19 3 3.8
12. B2259 1 52 1.05 0.91 1.15 2 5.23 2 2 2 592 20 4 3.6
13. BlE---1-7-1-5 1 53 1.03 0.89 1.16 2 5.69 1 3 2 722 22 3 2.0
l1. B123-17 W.G. 1 50 0.87 0.98 0.89 2 6.29 3 2 1 747 20 3 4.1
15. B1661-7 1 52 0.94 0.95 0.99 2 5.66 3 2 2 616 21 3 1.8
16. B3801-7 1 52 0.98 1.02 0.96 2 5.49 2 3 2 618 21 3 2.6
17. Tenda green 2 52 0.98 0.94 1.04 1 4.60 3 3 2 569 20 3 4.1
18. Black Valentine 3 52 0.82 1.06 0.77 2 5.79 3 2 2 718 24 2 5.0
19. Rival 4 52 0.97 0.78 1.24 1 4.95 3 3 1 534 21 3 3.3
20. Zaumeyer #1 4 52 1.05 0.96 1.09 2 5.47 2 3 1 694 21 3 2.6
21. Dixi- Belle 5 54 0.94 0.89 1.06 4 4.59 3 3 5 520 19 3 4.1
22. Ch-ro~'e 3 52 0.82 1.12 0.73 2 5.55 5 2 2 639 25 3 3.7
23. Surz Croo Wax 6 51 0.85 1.25 0.68 2 5.67 5 3 2 753 24 3 2.7
2,. Pragold Wax 2 51 0.97 0.89 1.09 2 4.62 5 3 2 559 19 2 3.7
2 Sensation Green Pod 2 52 0.90 0.90 1.00 2 5.10 3 3 2 625 23 3 2.3
26 !p, NU:r Stringless 2 52 0.88 0.91 0.97 2 5.45 2 3 2 613 23 3 3.3
27. I- rocvd Full Measure 2 52 0.88 0.93 0.95 2 5.19 2 2 2 605 19 3 2.5
28. Lcngreen 2 51 0.91 0.91 1.00 2 5.77 1-2 3 2 616 24 3 2.9
29. St.i- gess Black Valentine 2 52 0.72 1.06 0.68 2 5.54 3 2 2 602 25 2 2.8
30. Stringless Black Valentine 2 52 0.77 1.06 0.73 2 5.58 3 2 2 697 24 2 2.9






TABLE 1. (Snan Bean Variety and Strain Test continued) .. .
P 0 D S PLANT


SVariety or Strain 0 o0 +> f 5 1
C O + c -P Oo -P O C
01 )3 5 ) +)P 0 o t7-) I- ut o2 w) H.. ( l
< 0rl *r9: h CO r-1 3 1 H l I ri Hr O .*a i-H rZI o
*r a 'U + 0) 0 0 Ii O
U) ) 1 1 -(3), (
_(1) (2) (30)-^ (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) l1) (12) (13 U -4)


Supergreen
Florida Belle
Longreen
Tendergreen
Logan
Asgro~ St. B.
Plntiful
Bountiful


Valentine


Teadergreen
Black Valentine St.

Bountiful
Improved Commodore
Plentiful
Koystonian
Refugee U.S.#5
Florida Belle
Logan
Tendergreen
Tendergreen


0.93
0.75
0.89
0.97
0.93
0.84
0.91
0.76
0.99
0.79

0.79
1.02
0.79
0.88
0.86
0.73
0.94
0.98
0.93


0.90
1.17
0.89
1.00
0.88
1.09
1.25
1.34
0.93
1.02

1.30
0.95
1.26
1.00
0.91
1.15
0.92
0.98
0.97


1.03
0.64
1.00
0.97
1.06
0.77
0.73
0.57
1.06
0.77

0.61
1.07
0.63
0.88
0.95
0.63
1.02
1.00
0.96


5.32
6.08
5.45
5.06
5.22
5.50
6.10
5.45
4.98
5.49

5.58
6.16
6.02
5.24
4.78
5.87
5.28
4.97
4.93


2 616
1 638
3 628
4 677
2 628
2 696
1 766
1 609
594
2 584


31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
10.,
bo.

42.
43.
144.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.


697
855
767
658
496
719
675
655
616


3.0
3.5
3.1
4.1
4.5
2.9
3.5
2.4
2.1
3.8

5.1
2.6
2.6
5.2
3.3
2.2
5.8
3.2
3.8




TABLE 2. SNAP BEAN VARIETY AND
BELLE GLAPE, FLORIDA,


STRAIN YIELDS, EVERGLADES EXPERIMENT STATION,
SPRING, 1948.


Percent Mean Estimated
Field Seed First Yield Variety
No. Variety or Strain Stock Number Source Harvest (Bu/ means (Bu.
Acre) per Acre)
(1) (2) (3) (4)
1- -- P11R7-1-R 1 6)h. 6 190 390


Tendergreen
Black Valentine
Rival
Zaumeyer #1
Dixie Belle
Cherokee
Sure Crop Wax
Puregold Wax
Sensation Green Pod
Improved New Stringless
Improved Full Measure
Longreen
Stringless Black Valentine
Stringless Black Valentine


11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17,
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
4O.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.


Valentine


Valentine


Bountiful
Improved Commodore
Plentiful
Keystonian
Refugee U.S.#5
Florida Belle
Logan
Tendergreen
Tendergreen


B1213-9
B1254-1-1-2
B1419-I-15-41
B1462-5-3-2
B1515-1-7-4
B1625-17
B1757-2
B1801-4
B2096-4-1
B2163-1
B2249
81515-1-7-1-5
B1625-17 T1. G.
B1661-7
B1801-7

76232


F-477
76592
4926
4968
47414


47455
47460
U7U1U

.. $
U--i


1865
0-9183 CSS
0-960
BGI-.9470 SS
BCl--589 BSS
BCI-9h74 SS
BCI-9472 SS
7015
7120
7566
BGI-9478 SS
6024
7074
4-3-100-14
6106
6040
7053
C6734
C6734


Logan "X"


133
1867
320
125
241
250
115
252
2 226


38.04
42.59
74.75
49.70
26.35
63.00
34.20
39.74
44.09
45.19
17.13
41.91
63.55
33.33
60.98
53.28
20.42
47.80
58.22
38*37
42.58
4o.00oo
Sth97
40472
46.91
46.72
45.27
33.91
26.37
33.56
61.37
52.81
47.53
41.67
39.85
60.23
65.60
42.63
32.46
73.44
27.12
55.11
55.41
59.70
47.25
23.98
61.94
60.91


143
150
321 *,
103
196
222
165
247
174


130
181
309
313
176
286
92
131
289
354
ill
182
208
194
152
190
118
148
116
146
149
234
147
152
365
101
198
195
80
106
261
165.
237
227
219
273
258
185
120


125
234
323 *
309 w*
195
30C -5*
93
137
281 *
340 **
144
163
269 *
194
136
175
102
158
133
150
141
220
185
145
323 *
126
235
193
70 *
120
203
177
238
237
222
218
226
191
141


Supergreen
Florida Belle
Longreen
Tendergreen
Logan
Asgrow St. Black
Plentiful
Bountiful
Tendergreen
Stringless Black


--










TABLE 3. ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE FOR 7 X 7 LATTICE SQUARE


Sources of Variation Degrees of Fr-eedom S-im of Squares Mean Square
Total 195 2,22 2 9
Columns in Squares 24 2 8,998
Rows in Squares 24 51,330
Squares 3 516,103 172,034
Varieties 48 63 ,159 13,232
Error 96 308,,459 3,213


The test of significance of variety differences:

F 13_ 3= 31 4.12
3,213


Variations from Tendergreen
Probability SMD t(96 D.F.) Bushel Differences Numbers 48-49
High Limits Low Limits
5 percent 46.3 1.985 92 258 74 *
1 percent 46.3 2.628 122 288 44 **


Notes: The mean yield of Tendergreen numbers L8 and 49 is 166 bushels
per acre. The significance of the mean varietal differences above or
below Tendergreen is indicated by the use of asterisks in numbered
column 4, table 2.
* Yields differing significantly from the mean yield of Tendergreen.
wi Yields differing highly significantly from the mean yield of
Tendergreen.




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