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Title: Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaria) variety and strain test.
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076889/00003
 Material Information
Title: Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaria) variety and strain test.
Series Title: Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaria) variety and strain test.
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Hoffman, James C.
Publisher: Everglades Experiment Station.
Place of Publication: Belle Glade, Fla.
Publication Date: Spring 1949
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076889
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 166140821

Table of Contents
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Everglades Experiment Station

Belle Glade, Florida






*sw






Mimeographed Report No. 28

(Horticulture)


SNAP BEAN VARIETY AMh STRAIN TEST

Spring 19t9




Jam6#4. Hoffman ...

June 191j9
ii;^s "14 1^ ,














SNAP BEAN VARIETY AND STRAIN TEST
EVERGLADES EXPERIMENT STATION,BELLE GLADE,FLORIDA
Spring 1949
James C. Hoffman

The replicated test was planted as five randomized blocks
Jarruary 29, 19 9. Each of the replications consist of a single row 30
feet in length. A second test, being observational, was planted February
3, in single rows 30 feet in length. The seed were planted 2 inches in
depth at the rate of 120 seed per 30 linear foot of row. The rows were
spaced 28 inches apart with 42 inch spray middles.

Fertilizer was applied two days after seeding at the rate
of 300 pounds of 0-10-10, including 25 pounds manganese sulphate, 10
pounds copper sulfate, 10 pounds zinc sulfate and 5 pounds of borax per
acre, in two bands three inches on each side of the seedbed and three
inches in depth.

The plots were located on well mature sawgrass peat with
a pH of approximately 6.10.

To prevent powdery mildew and rust, the plants were spray-
ed with a mixture of 15 pounds of wettable sulphur in 100 gallons of
water at the rate of 125 gallons per acre. To this sulphur spray, which
was applied on the 9th, 16th and 23rd day after seeding, was added one qcart
of 25 per cent DDT emulsion, four pounds of manganese sulphate and one
pound of zinc sulphate-per 100 gallons. Mangamese deficiency developed
immediately after the seedlings emerged from the soil, however, the symptoms
disappeared several days after the first spray application.

The crop grew unusually well, generally appearing extremely
vegetative, which, possibly delayed maturity and fruit-set of the first
harvest by approximately 6 to 8 days.

The data as presented in Tables 1 and 2 were collected from
a total harvest of two pickings made at a weekly interval.

A description of each numbered column is outlined as follows:

(1) Seed Source: 1. Regional Vegetable Breeding
Laboratory
2. Associated Seed Growers
3. Corneli Seed Co.
4. F. H. Woodruff and Sons
5. Rogers Brothers Seed Co.
6. Washburn-Wilson Seed Co.
7. Ferry-Morse Seed Co.
(2) Number of days to number 4 grade development.







pag-


(3) Thickness was measured with a vernier caliper to
the nearest tenth of a MM, the average of 20
measurements of separate fruit was taken at
non-constricted locations. (Observations, 10
fruit).

(4) Same method as (3).

(5) Shape Index: Thickness divided by width.

(6) Indicated curvature by three point measurement -
100 fruit measured (Observations, 20 fruit).

(7) Length: Average of 100 fruit to the nearest MM.
(Observations 20 fruit).

(8) Color:

1. Very dark 4- Light
2. Dark 5. Wax
3. Medium 6. Very light yellow or
white wax

(9) Roughness: A relative scale, 1 being very smooth,
and 4 very rough (Roughness is usually caused
by constrictions between the seed).

(10) uniformity: A relative scale, 1 being extremely
uniform, and 5 being extremely irregular.

(11) Average 500 fruit. (Observations 100 fruit).

(12) Height: Average of 50 plants as measured from
soil to tip of longest leaflet, (Observations
10 plants).

(13) Height of pods from soil:
1. Well above soil
2. Clear of soil
3. Touches soil occasionally
4. Touches soil badly

(14) Percent Stand February 14, of total number of seed
planted.


(15) Based on total harvest of 2 pickings.









Page 3


(16) Mean yield of 30 pound bushels per acre.


The data as presented indicate that breeding line B1643-1
is significantly the highest yielding bean. Topcrop, a new variety that
has been introduced to the seedsmen is in the second yielding class.
Actually, Topcrop is one of the highest yielding commercial varieties
of beans now available to the grower. It is a round bean that is sim-
ilar to Tendergreen, however, the degree of curvature is greater than
Tendergreen. In this test Topcrop yielded 82 bushels more than Tender-
green. It has consistently yielded higher than Tendergreen in four tests
at Belle Glade. This bean is resistant to southern bean mosaic of which
Tendergreen is extremely susceptible. For economic production it appears
that Topcrop should be a leading variety in the near future. Breeding.
line B1515-1-7-1-2 has been introduced to the seedsmen but will not be
available to the grower for three years. This bean has a deep green
color and excellent edible quality.

Logan and Rival are very similar in type to Topcrop with
the exception of the creaseback shape of Rival. Both of.these beans
are resistant to southern bean mosaic and are in the same yielding class.

Breeding line B1229-1-2-6 is a dark green, smooth appearing
bean, however, the yield is considered low when compared to some of the
above mentioned varieties. This bean is susceptible to southern bean
mosaic.

Of the oval and near flat beans the standard varieties
did not yield as well as B1643-1 or B1627. Florida Belle yielded very
lcw possibly due to a 47.8 per cent stand in the replicated test.
Stringless Black Valentine the standard oval bean grown in the Ever-
glades area is the lowest yielder in the replicated test. One of the
breeding lines including B163-1, B1627, B1625-17 and possibly B1254-
1-1-2 might be selected as a replacement for Stringless Black Valentine.
B1625-17 will be available to the grower in 1950 in small amounts. The
other mentioned breeding lines have not been introduced to the seedsmen.

The wax beans were not outstanding in this test. They
tended to be rougher than usual and the color was too light, this
especially being true with Cooper Wax. Cherokee Wax which is oval in
shape was considered smooth as compared to the other varieties and pos-
sibly has the appearance of an excellent fresh market wax bean. Sure
Crop Wax which is the standard in the Everglades area is rougher than
Cherokee. Pure Gold and Cooper Wax appear more desirable for canning
than for the fresh market.


-----------------







TABLE 1. SNAP BEAN VARIETY AND STRAIN TEST, EVERGLADES EXPERIMENT STATION, BELLE GLADE,
FLORIDA, SPRING, 1949.
(Replicated)
P OD S PLANT. YIELD

Field Days Thick- Thick- Curva- Uni-Weight Heighti of Pods cent Yield
No. Variety Stock Seed to ness Width ness/ ture Length Co- Rough- form-100 (in- from Per First (Bu./
or Strain No. SourceFirs (in- (in- Width (deg- (in- lor ness ity Pods ches) soil cen Har- Acre)
Harv. ches) ches) rees) ches)(1-6)(1-4) (1-5)(grams (l-4)Stan vest
(. 2) (3) M} (5) ( 6) (7) (8) (9) (1) (i11) (i12) (13 (1 (15) 61 5
1. B1254--1-2 1 59 0.33 0.41 0.80' &.2 6.30 3 2 2. 675 20.9 3 79.3 65 307
2. B11l9-1-15-4l 1 56 0.38 0.36 1.06 15.7 5.49 4 4 2 669 20.8 3 86.2 59 358
3. B1468-1-17-12 1 58 0.36 0.36 1.00 17.9 5.43 3 2 3 739 21.8 4 94.7 52 323
4. B1I82-5-3-2 1 59 0.39 0.42 0.93 11.6 6.91 3 1 3 921 21.9 3 91.3 79 374
5. B1$15-1-7-1-2 1 60 0.39 0.10 0.98 7.8 5.69 1 2 2 753 24.3 3 92.3 52 358
6. B1625-17 1 58 0.36 0.1i 0.88 23.4 6.39 3 2 1 852 22.2 .4 90.7 68 345
7. B1627 1 56. 0.34 0.43 0.79 11.1 6.96 3 3 3 856 21.9 3 84.0 54 371
8. l1643-1 1 59 0.34 0.i4 0.77 .15.1 6.75 3 2 2 846 24.3 4 95.7 64 441
9. B1755-1 1 58 0.hO 0.36 1.11 10.2 5.19 2 4 2 719 23.0 3 83.0 L8 295
10. B1801-7 1 57 0.39 0.o4 0.98 15.4 5.70 3 3 2 804 21.6 4 78.7 50 351
11. B2095-1-2 1 58 0.10 0.40 1.00 7.7 5.70 2 2 2 844 22.1 3 90.7 57 310
12. B2254 1 58 0.38 0.38 1.00 16.7 5.54 3 2 3 685 22.1 4 91.5 56 365
13. Bountiful 76489 2 56 0.33 0.55 0.60 8.0 5.78 4 3 2 841 23.3 4 92.2 75 329
14. Florida
Belle 6034 3 60 0.31 0.45 0.69 11.8 5.97 4 2 2 695 23.2 3 47.8 54 244
15. Plentiful 1-934 4 58 0.32 0.49 0.65 12.5 6.32 4 3 2 923 23.8 4 96.0 60 335
16. Tendergreen 6706 5 56 0.38 0.40 0.95 7.7 5.67 3 4 2 739 24.0 4 80.2 44 280
17. St.B1.Valentine 6660 5 60 0.33 0.44 0.75 22.9 6.09 2 1 3 692 25.2 4 88.5 78 152
18. Rival 9183 6 56 0.40 0.34 1.18 12.8 5.67 3 2 2 840 24.1 3 82.3 48 349
19. Logan R48392 5 58 0.39 0.39 1.00 10.6 5.59 3 2 2 785 22.4 3 83.2 39 324
20. Topcrop
I(U.S.#1) 9881 6 56 0.4o 0.38 1.05 15.6 5.69 3 2 2 865 21.9 3 81.3 61 362
21. Cherokee Wax 96274 2 59 0.32 0.44 0.73 10.2 5.73 5 3 2 659 25.2 3 96.0 51 299
22. Sure Crop
Wax 8160 3 58 0.35 0.49 0.71 11.1 5.80 5 4 2 775 24.7 4 77.7 40 307
23, Pure Cold Wax 6717 5 56 0.36 0.35 1.03 8.8 5.07 5 4 2 572 20.1 3 83.2 74 324
2 Z. Cooper Wax DD354 6 58 17.2 5.28 6 3 2 680 22.6 4 91.0 39 231
24B. ;B1229-1-2-6 1 58 10.39 0.38 1.03 11.6 5.84 2 1 2 .811 22.1 3 76.2 49 282
Least significant difference at the 5 percent point 2.4 0.15 51 1.1 4l.2 33
Least significant difference at the 1 percent point 3.2 0.20 67 1.5 5.6 44







TABLE 2. SNAP BEAN VARIETY AND STRAIN TEST, EVERGLADES EXPERIMENT STATION, BELLE GLADE,
FLORIDA, SPRING, 1949.
(Observational)


F PO 0DS PLANT YIELD
Days Thick- Curva- Uni- Weight Height Per- Mean
Field Variety Stock Seed to ness Width Thick- ture Length Co- Rough-form- 100 Height of Pods cent Yield
No. or Strain No. Source First (in- (in- ness/ (deg- (in- lor ness ity Pods (in- from Per- First (Bu./
Harv. ches) ches)Width rees) ches) (1-6) (l-1)(l-5)(grams) ches) soil cent Har- Acre)
... .... .... .... .. .. .. .. 1(-1 4)S tan d ve st
() (2) (3) (h (5) (6) (7) (8) 9) (io) (11) (1) (13) (1) (15)1


Page 1


25. Florida Belle F4615
26. Tendergreen 0-0108C
27. Longreen 2-9192
28. Asgrow St.
Valentine 1-9333
29. St.B1.
Valentine 58599


Logan
Logan
Logan
Logan
Logan
Logan
Logan


0.31
0.38
- 0.39


0.42
0.140
0clr5


1 62 0.33 0.42


7


7053 3
Fl623 2
2-43728 3
3-1-437284 "3
3-1-13728-6 3
3-1-43728-10 3
1-9233 4


Asgrow Bl.
Valentine F466
Plentiful F45177
Tendergreen C6735
Bountiful 1-9267
Imp.Tendergreen 6687


Logan
St.Bl.Val.
Dr.Refugee
FloridaBelle
FloridaBelle
B1213-9-1
B1586
B1661-7
B1733
B1757-2


R48392
6701
4704
0-9183
H5024


0.32
0.10
0.141
0.39
0.40
0.39
0.39
0.240

0.35
0.30
0.38
0.31
0.39
0.41
0.140
0.34
0.31
0.29
0.038
0.38
0.38
0.35
0.34


0.44
0.37
0.38
0.37
0.38
0.36
0.37
0.38

O.IP
0.01)
0.49
0.42
0.54
0.140
0.39
0.38
0.37
0.43
0.44
0.38
0.1 40
0.36
0.144


0.714
0.95
1U00


13.9
11.6
14.1


5.73
5.42
6.36


0.79 16.7 5.67 3


0.73
1.08
1.08
1.05
1.05
1.08
1.05
1.05

0.88
0.61
0.90
0.57
0.98
1.05
1.05
0.92
0.72
0.66
1.05
1.00
0.95
0.97
0.77


19.0
10.2
11.3
13.6
9.6
9.7
9.3
8.6

25.8
16.8
10.5
11.5
10.6
11.3
6.5
6.4
11.6
12,2
11.1
15.8
14.6
15.8
7.6


5.77
5.49
5.91
5.81
5.91
5.75
5.82
6.01

6.35
6.16
5.54
5.65
5.89
5.93
5.76
4.51
5.68
5.82
5.44
5.27
5.87
5.48
6.09


592
630
745


25.0
25.6
24.8


271
248
199


2 2 617 26.6 2 98 85 157


571
655
758
760
770
709
698
720

668
680
690
637
645
732
700
505
550
572
611
520
684
617
820


24.2
23.3
25.9
26.4
23.9
24.45
22.45
24.3

26.0
21.7
23.0
22.1
26.7
26.0
25.6
22.0
22.8
25.1
23.3
20.9
21.6
22.1
25.7


160
21
256
325
264
279
172
225

176
202
218
237
294
149
283
218
275
260
195
275
275
260
287


30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.

38.
39.
10.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
16.
47.
40.
O9.
50.
51.








TABLE 2. SNAP BEAN VARIETY AND STRAIN TEST, EVERGLADES EXPERIMENT STATION, BELLE GLADE,
FLORIDA, SPRING, 1949. Page 2
(Observational)
P ODS PLANT YIELD
Days Thick- Curva- MUn- Weight Height Per- Mean
Field Variety Stock Seed to ness Width Thick- ture Length Co- Rough-form-100 Height of Pods cent yield
No. or Strain No. Source First (in- (in- ness/ (deg- (in- lor ness ity Pods (in- from PerFirst (Bu./
Harv. ches) ches)Width rees)ches)(1-6)(l-4) (1-5)(grams) ches) soilcentHar- Acre)
(l-4)Stand rest
((1) (2) (3? () (5) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (1-) (13) (14) (1, 16)

52. B1808-1-2 1 58 0.29 0.51 0.57 15.2 6.47 4 2 2 861 25.8 4 92 67 344
53. B2448-1 1 60 0.40 0.36 1.11 15.3 5.81 2 4 2 778 21.3 3 64 80 252
54. B2374-II 1 59 0.33 0.44 0.75 9.9 5.97 4 3 2 698 21.0 2 90 92 283
55. Fullgreen 1 1 59 0.35 0.39 0.90 8.1 4.87 2 3 3 533 21.6 3 77 85 199
56.. Supergreen 18664 5 9 0.37 0.37 1.00 12.6 5.82 3 3 2 675 25.3 3 67 72 202
57. Logan DD600 6 60 0.39 0.40 0.98 13.5 5.82 3 2 2 655 23.45 4 65 82 260
58. Dixie Belle 7022 3 60 0.37 0.36 1.03 9.9 5.29 3 3 2 500 22.2 3 12 62 50


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