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Title: Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaria) variety and strain test.
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076889/00002
 Material Information
Title: Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaria) variety and strain test.
Series Title: Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaria) variety and strain test.
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Hoffman, James C.
Publisher: Everglades Experiment Station.
Place of Publication: Belle Glade, Fla.
Publication Date: 1949
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076889
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 166140821

Table of Contents
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Everglades Experiment Station


Belle Glade, Florida





*





Mimeographed Report No, 19

(Horticulture)


SNAP BEAN, Phaseolus vulgaris

VARIETY AND STRAIN TEST



James C. Hoffman

February 1949






SNAP BEAN VARIETY AND STRAIN TEST


Fall 1948

James C. Hoffman


The first test was planted as five randomized blocks October 26, 1948.
Each of the replications consist of a single row 35 feet in length. A second
test, being observational, was planted October 29, in single rows 35 feet in
length. The seed were planted 2 inches in depth at the approximate rate of 8 seed
per linear foot, later being thinned to approximately three inches apart. The rows
were spaced 28 inches apart.

Fertilizer was applied October 29th at the rate of 300 pounds of 0-10-10,
including 25 pounds manganese sulphate, 10 pounds copper sulphate, 10 pounds zinc
sulphate and 5 pounds of borax per acre, in two bands three inches on each side
of the seedbed and three inches in depth.

The plots were located on well mature sawgrass peat with a pH of approx-
imately 5.95. There were residual levels of phosphorus and potassium of 19 and
125 pound per acre respectively.

To prevent powdery mildew and rust, the plants were sprayed with a mix-
ture of 15 pounds of wettable sulphur in 100 gallons of water at the rate of 125
gallons per acre. To this sulphur spray, irhich was applied on the 9th, 16th,
23rd and 30th day after seeding, was added four pounds of manganese sulphate and
one pound of zinc sulphate per 100 gallons. There were no visible nutrient defi-
ciency symptoms during the growing season with the exception of a slight mangan-
ese deficiency which developed at the approximate time of the first harvest.

The crop grew unusually well, generally appearing extremely vegetative,
which, delayed maturity and fruit-set of the first harvest. The temperature for
the growing season averaged 76.60 F. for the period from 6:00 A.M. to 6:00 P.M.,
and 65.70 F. for the period from 6:00 P.M. to 6:00 A. ., or a general average
temperature of 71.20 F. for the bean growing season. The water table wrs. ,hld -,t
proximately 30 inches.

For the replicated test the yields are considered generally high for a
total of three pickings, made at weekly intervals. The high yielding group con-
sist of B1643-1, B2374-II, B119-1-15-41, Florida Belle, B1808-1-2 and
B1254-1-1-2. Progenies B1643-1 and B1254-1-1-2 are similar to Black Valentine,
the foriaer having unusual quality as compared to Black Valentine types. Since
Black Valentine is consistent in producing low yields in the Everglades area,
there is a possibility for one of these new progenies as a replacement. Progeny
B1643-1 has excellent quality but not the general appeal ance as does B1254-1-1-2,
which has the fiber content that is usually associated with a good shipping bean.

For general appearance and quality as frozen beans, the ratings were
as follows: (1) B1515-1-7-1-2, (2) B1643-1, (3) B2254, (4) B1755-1, (5) Rival,
(6) B1482-5-3-2, (7) Tendergreen, (8) B2095-1-2, and (9) U. S. #1. These ratings
were given by a group of eight research workers that judged the beans at the
Southland Frozen Food plant, Plant City, Florida. The other varieties and
strains were considered undesirable, mainly, due to a dull green color, or too
much fiber.









Page 2.


An estimated yield was calculated fcr the three pickings of the var-
ieties and strains planted as an observational test. This estimated yield is
considered no more than a yield rating and not the true yielding ability of the
stocks.

It is interesting to note that there are slight differences in char-
acteristics between strains of a variety such as Logan which in this case is a
relatively new introduction. Logan has good quality and is a very excellentyielding
variety in the spring as grown on the organic soils of the Everglades.

Tendergreen, the standard variety, is usually very severely injured
by common bean mosaic during the spring and to a slight extent during the fall
and winter. A high bush Logan type is the most possible replacement for Tender-
green at present.

A description of each numbered column is outlined as follows:

Tables 1 and 2. (1) Seed Source: 1. Regional Vegetable Breeding
Laboratory
2. Associated Seed Growers
3. F. H. Woodruff and Sons
4. Ferry-Morse Seed Co.
5. Cornoli Seed Co.
6. Rogers Brothers Seed Co.

(2) Number of days to number L grade development.

(3) Thickness was ni assured with a vernier caliper,
the average of 10 measurements on separate fruit
was taken at non-constricted locations.

(4) Same method as 3.

(5) Thickness divided by width gives a shape index as
follows:

0.60 and below are flat fruit
0,60 to 0.80 are oval
0.80 to 1.20 are round

(6) Straightness:

1. Pencil straight
2. Slightly curved
3. Badly curved
h. Curved in two directions

(7) Length: Average of 10) fruit to the nearest
one-fourth inch.

(8) Color: 1. Very dark
2. Dark
3. Medium
L. Light
5. Wax








Page 3.


(9) Roughness:





(10) Uniformity:
uniform, and


1. Very smooth
2. Smooth
3. Slightly rough
U. Very rough
(Roughness is usually caused by
constriction between the seed)
A relative scale, 1 being extremely
5 being extremely irregular.


(11) Fruit were approximately 25 per cent number 3
grade, 50 per cent number 4 grade and 25 per
cent number 5 grade. To convert to pounds divide
by 453.6.

(12) Plant height: Average of 10 plants as measured
from soil to tip of longest leaflet.

(13) Height of pods from soil:


Well above soil
Clear of soil
Touches soil occasionally
Touches soil badly


(14) Plants per foot: Average random sample of 10 feet,
taken in each plot.


Tables 3 and h.


(1) Same as tables 1 and 2, Column 1.


(2) Based on total harvest of 3 pickings, and harvest-
ed at the nearest to number 4 grade as possible.

(3) Same as Column 2.

(4) For table 3, mean yield in 30 pound bushels per
acre calculated as an average of five replications,
and for table 4, estimated yield.







TABLE 1. SNAP BEAN VARIETY AND STRAIN
BELLE GLADE, FLORIDA, FALL,


TEST, EVERGLADES EXPERIMENT STATION,
1948.


___PODS ___P LN T
2 .. .. ..o s ..
5- & Cin-. -- ( o 2 r '- r4
) 0 0 P .03 0 +- M a O4) C
S Variety or Strain ,4 o H H1 U o -
"U T > 0 C 6 O 0 .L .ro T .*o a) OO
O 'D 0 M H **H $- C H O. OO O ) $ r-O
-P C .C---j 5 -- :_D -P -. -CH P- : r. X
(1) (2) (3) (5 ( 6) (7) (8) (9) ) (13 1


1. B125-1-1-12 1 49 0.28 0.40 0.70 2 6.42 3 1 2 622 25 2 4.1
?. B1419-1-15-41 1 48 0.36 0.33 1.09 2 5.96 .3 3 3 655 22 3 3.8
3. B1482-5-3-2 1 49 0.34 0.35 0.97 2 6.43 '2 3 3 750 24 3 3.2
B. B1515-1-7-1-2 1 50 0.35 0.35 1.00 2 5.73 .2 3 2 653 27 3 4.0
5. B1625-17 1 48 0.33 0.39 0.85 2 6.86 3 3 2 820 24 3 3.6
6. B1643-1 1 49 0.29 0.40 0.73 2 6.79 L 2 2 856 28 2 4.2
7-,'17$55-1 1 50 0.35 0.33 1.06 1 5.46 3 3 2 6k4 26 3 3.6
8. B1757-2 1 47 0.32 0.41 0.78 2 6.55 3 3 3 873 25 3 3.4
9. B1801-7 1 48 0.37 0.33 1.12 2 5.78 3 4 2 627 26 2 3.2
10. B1808-1-2 1 h8 0.29 0,k6 0.63 2 6.32 4 k 2 820 26 3 3.8
11. B2095-1-2 1 49 0.36 0.36 1.00 2 5.80 2 3 3 705 27 2- 3.8
12. B2254 1 48 0.34 0.33 1.03 2 5.94 3 3 2 650 26 3 3.2
13. B2374-II 1 48 0.29 O. 1 0.71 2 6.26 :4 3 3 768 25 3 4.0
14. Rival 1 49 0.37 0.31 1.19 2 5.28 .3 5 2 572 24 3 1.8
15. U.S. #1 1 8 0.35 0.33 1.06 2 5.74 3 5 2 722 24 3 3.2
16. Asgrow Black Val. F466 2 50 0.28 0.40 0.70 2 6.04 3 1 2 670 25 3 3.9
17. Logan 1-9233 3- 49 0.32 0.33 0.97 2 5.54 3 3 2 620 25 3 2.7
18. Plentiful F45177 2 49 0.27 0.7 0.57 2 6.41 3 3 2 695 25 3 .1
19. Tendergreen c6735 4k 9 0.31 0.37 0.84 1 5.29 .3 3 2 600 25 3 3.2
20. Florida Belles 6034 5 49 0.26 0.45 0.58 1 6.26 .4 2 2 691 28 2 2.9


Least significant difference at 5 per cent ooint 0.17 0.6
Least significant difference at 1 per cent point 0.23 0.8
Least sgfa df c a







TABLE 2. SNAP BEAN VARIETY AND
BELLE GLADE, FLORIDA,


STRAIN TEST, EVERGLADES EXPERIMENT STATION,
FALL, 1948


P ODS PLANT T
.. J ,_ ,, L, U


0
0 0
CO
s o
Variety or Strain
o o)
1) CO


.--


o -
c-PU


CO

U h
9 --
02
r-t C


^1-
So
)C
4-3


a)


P


r0)
MOn
0) -


O-
0 ---
0) -
r^


6-P
5'i!
o


03
no
4-
-A-
?aP-


U)
-P )
bD 0
io '


Bountiful
Bountiful
Florida Belle
Florida Belle
Florida Belle
Tendergreen
Longreen
Asgrow Blk.Val.
St.Black Val.
Logan
Logan
Logan
Logan
Logan
Logan
Plentiful
Dixie Belle
Cherokee Wax
Sure Crop Wax
Puregold Wax
Imp. Tendergreer
ImptLogan
St. Black Val.
Dr. Podded Refug


76489 <-
1-9267
0-9183
H5024
F4615
0-0108C
2-9192
1-9333
58599
7053
F4623
2-43728
3-1-43728-1
3-1-43728-6
3-1-43728-10
1-9311
7022
F477
76366
6717
6687
48392
6701
:ee 4704


0

0
SO
-5.

r 0
(U 0
s! 9


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.


0.25
0.26
0.23
0.25
0.26
0.35
0.38
0.26
0.26
0.34
0.35
0.33
0.34
0.37
0.35
0.29
0.33
0.30
0.30
0.35
0.33
0.36
0.27
0.32


o0.54
0.56
0.46
0.46
0.146
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.38
0.35
0.34
0.33
0.36
0.36
0.34
0.52
0.31
0.43
0.49
0.35
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.35


0.146

o.$U
0.46
0.50
0.54
0.57
0.95
0.97
0.65
0.68
0.97
1.03
1.00
0.94
1.03
0.56
1.06
0.70
0.61
1.00
0.94
1.00
0.73
0.91
10.$



0.9U3


5.93
6.21
6,55
6.46
6.52
5.33
6.35
5.70
5.62
5.818
5.84
5.94
5.93
5.92
5.88
6.87
5.59
5.74
6.13
5.18
5.55
5.88
5.96
4.73


3
3
2
2
2
3
4
1
1
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
4
4
3
3
3
1
2


660
770
775
760
850
677
811
630
612
755
720
743
750
727
705
900
690
602
645
565
660
770
612
485


3.7
2,9
3.7
3.4
3.9
2.7
3.5
4.1
3.7
3.8
3.0
3.5
3.7
2.2
2.6
4.3
1.7
4.5
3.6
3.7
2.3
2.4
2,8
3.0


3
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
3
3
3
3


(1) (2) 3() ( (6) (7) 9) ( (


~
I--- -~ -


Si









TABLE 3. SNAP BEAN VARIETY AND STRAIN YIELDS, EVERGLADES EXPERIMENT STATION,
BELLE GLADE, FLORIDA, FALL, 1948.


Percent Peroent..- Mean
Field Seed First Second Yield
No. Variety or Strain Stock Number Source Harvest Harvest (Tu./
Acre)
(1) (2) (3) (4)


1. B1254-1-1-2 1 37 45 412
2. B1419-1-15-41 1 37 50 442
3, B1482"5-3-2 L 29 54 353
4. B1515-1-7-1-2 1 22 50 288
5. B1625-17 1 38 43 379
6. B1643-1 1 23 52 515
7. B1755-1 1 33 49 328
8. B1757-2 1 28 56 363
9. B1801-7 1 30 52 309
10 B1808-1-2 1 22 49 414
11. B2095-1-2 1 27 54 363
12. B2254 1 36 49 305
13. B2374-II 1 38 37 459
14. Rival 1 22 49 228
15. U.S. #1 1 38 43 352
16. Asgrow Black Val. F466 2 13 61 249
17. Logan 1-9233 3 20 60 271
18. Plentiful FP5177 2 28 48 289
19. Tendergreen C6735 4 26 57 241
20. Florida Belle 6034 5 25 59 426



Least significant difference at 5 per cent point 121
Least significant difference at 1 per cent point 160










TABLE 4. SNAP BEAN VARIETY AND STRAIN YIELDS, EVERGLADES EXPERIMENT STATION,
BELLE GLADE, FLORIDA, FALL, 1948.
(Observational Test)

Percent Percent Estimatdc
Seed First Second Yield
Field Variety or Strain Stock Number Source Harvest Harvest (Bu./
No. Acre)
(1) (2) (3) (4)


1. Bountiful 76489 2 55 40 55
2. Bountiful 1-9267 3 44 47 405
3. Florida Belle 0-9183 3 49 42 437
4. Florida Belle H5024 4 45 45 423
5. Florida Belle F4615 2 53 36 455
6. Tendergreen 0-01080 3 34 56 401
7. Longreen 2-9192 3 30 57 423
8. Asgrow Black Val. 1-9333 3 23 63 352
9. St. Black Val. 58599 4 22 64 329
10 Logan 7053 5 33 58 L19
11. Logan F4623 2 38 55 343
12. Logan 2-43728 5 39 54 414
13. Logan 3-1-43728-1 5 35 61 311
14. Logan 3-1-43728-6 5 31 63 293
15. Logan 3-1-43728-10 5 28 65 334
16, Plentiful 1-9311 3 45 46 392
17. Dixie Belle 7022 5 19 48 243
18. Cherokee Wax F477 2 17 64 361
19. Sure Crop lTax 76366 2 29 55 378
20. Puregold 'Vax 6717 6 39 49 459,
21. Imp. Tendergreen 6687 6 17 74 423
22. Imp. Logan 48392 6 11 69 451
23. St. Black Val. 6701 6 10 71 279
24. Dr. Podded Refugee 4704 6 23 50 360




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