INSTI 6O OO I I I I
To the People of Florida:
The symbols depicted on the cover of
will need some explanation.
this annual report
This 1967 report of the Florida Extension Service is a
salute to people-those who, during the last 50 years,
have made our agriculture the most advanced, powerful,
and perhaps, important industry in the world, those who
have strengthened our homes and families, and built bet-
ter communities throughout the state.
Certainly our achievements would not have been possible
without research-the process of developing our basic
sciences. And, they would not have been possible without
both formal education in the classroom and Extension
education throughout our state-to keep people abreast
of new developments. The Experiment Stations and the
Extension Service, working through the Land Grant Col-
leges, have provided men and women with these vital
American agriculture would not have achieved its great-
ness without this triangle of resources-manpower and
ingenuity, research, and education. And, the Extension
Service could not have played its important role without
an equally significant triangular arrangement-the co-
operation between federal, state, and local governments.
Extension's programs to meet the needs of today's agricul-
tural industry, and to meet the needs of modern families
-rural and urban-have become highly sophisticated.
For that reason, they have become increasingly more
difficult to report each year in a document as brief as
this. They involve not only several hundred highly spe-
cialized educators and scientists working throughout the
state, but thousands of volunteer adult and junior leaders
working in Florida's counties.
We have tried to summarize a few of Extension's pro-
grams in Florida on the following pages, and we hope you
will find them enlightening. We invite you, however, to
visit the Extension office in your county to get a better
picture of how Extension programs are being carried on
locally. You might even find an opportunity to join us as
a volunteer in our work for the betterment of our families
M. O. Watkins
Few Americans realize it, but the great affluence and
the tremendous industrial power of the United States
can be traced directly to our accomplishments in agri-
culture over the past 50 years. The technological
advances in production of food and fiber have made
possible generous supplies of food of almost infinite
variety at extremely low cost-so low that Americans
pay less per capital than people anywhere else in the
Almost as significant, however, has been the effect of
agriculture's high production rate on development of
manufacturing and other heavy industry. Along with
greatly increased rates of production has come pro-
duction efficiency, and this efficiency has freed mil-
lions of men to become engineers, tool and die
workers, construction superintendents, architects, and
other skilled laborers-the core and source of our
industrial revolution. In other words, the great strides
made in agricultural technology made possible the
manpower for this country's rapid industrial develop-
No other country in the world has so increased its agri-
cultural efficiency. Even in the highly industrialized
nations, a large percentage of the work force is de-
ployed into food production. Without mechanization
and high efficiency, food demands a higher percentage
of family expenditure. Less money is available for
hard goods and other services and this has a further
depressing effect on industrial expansion. In the
largely underdeveloped nations, food production is the
major industry requiring the largest work force, and
yet food supplies are highly inadequate for large popu-
lations. It is estimated that almost 10,000 persons
die each day of starvation or diseases associated with
malnutrition. U. S. agriculture faces not only the prob-
lem of meeting the food demands of population in-
creases at home, but the future food needs of other
countries. Not only must we be influenced by humani-
tarian considerations, but also by political ones;
starvation easily leads to unrest and internal upheavel.
The rapid advances in U. S. agriculture can be attrib-
uted directly to a combination of extreme emphasis
on technical research over the past fifty years, and
the "grass-roots" efforts of agents of the Extension
Service, coupled with the high level of individual ini-
tiative of farm operators. It is clear that progress in
American agriculture would not have been possible
without all three elements.
Agricultural research, carried on by highly-trained
scientists connected with the nation's land-grant uni-
versities, has provided the technical information to
make possible our high level of productivity and effi-
ciency. The Extension Service's unique roll of taking
the scientific discoveries into the field, of demonstrat-
ing the beneficial effects of new methods, and of
obtaining widespread adoption of these new methods,
has been so successful that it is being utilized now in
many of the underdeveloped nations of the world.
Extension's cooperative efforts bring together the
resources of federal, state and local governments, but
do so on a highly localized, county-by-county basis.
Extension's agents, officially members of the univer-
sity faculty, are none-the-less members of the com-
munity, and are dedicated to helping local producers
and rural area families compete in the complex mar-
ketplace and, at the same time, enjoy a more pros-
While Extension has carried out its role with great
success over the years, changes in the agricultural
industry during the last decade have dictated even
greater efforts are needed for the future. Production
has become so technical, and the costs of mechaniza-
tion have become so great that many small operators
find themselves unable to afford the investment, and
unable to compete in the market. Many small opera-
tions have been merged, in effect, by creation of
cooperatives. Many farm operators have quit in the
face of these factors and Extension has created new
programs to help these families find their way into
At the same time, Extension has broadened its pro-
grams to meet the needs of today's large producers.
Agents in the field are more highly specialized. Many
new agents, in specialized areas, are working on a
regional basis. Workshops and shortcourses, being
held on the University of Florida campus as well as
at centers throughout the state, are aimed at the
highest management level of major agricultural firms
as well as at individual producers. New record sys-
tems, many designed for computer processing, are
In a word, Extension's mission in agricultural produc-
tion and management is to furnish each producer the
research information necessary to make decisions
that will increase the efficiency of his production unit.
Overall, two broad categories are emphasized-plant
science through work in agronomy, forestry, fruit
crops, ornamental horticulture and vegetable crops,
and animal science through work in animal husbandry,
agriculture, dairy husbandry and poultry science.
These two broad fields are supported by programs in
engineering, entomology, farm management, plant
pathology, soil testing, soil and water conservation,
and veterinary science.
Progress in agriculture has been brought about by combining
the scientific resources of Land-Grant colleges with Extension
educational programs in the field. Agriculture today depends
greatly on collecting, tabulating, and communicating infor-
mation. The computer has assumed a significant role as it has
in other industries.
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Thousands of soil samples from farm producers all over the
state are analyzed each year by Extension Service labora-
Soil, which varies widely in composition in Florida, is
one of four basic factors that determine levels of crop
production. The other three are plants and plant varie-
ties, disease and insect controls, and climatic condi-
One of Extension's most traditional, and yet one of
the most vital, programs is soil testing. Producers
have always been encouraged to test their soils
periodically to determine fertility levels, acid condi-
tion, and, in some cases, presence of insects and
viruses. During 1967 over 30,000 soil samples were
submitted to the University of Florida laboratory for
testing and analysis.
One of the most recent developments in soil manage-
ment is the Intensity and Balance method of soil
testing. This new method, being applied most suc-
cessfully with producers of vegetable crops, has shown
excellent results during three years of testing carried
out by the Soils Department and the Gulf Coast Experi-
ment Station in cooperation with commercial pro-
The I and B test system holds great promise for better soil
depends on careful coordination of
ducers. More accurate than earlier standard soil test
methods, the "I and B" system measures the amount
of fertilizer in the soil solution and the ratio of some
major nutrients in the solution. I and B testing not
only may reduce fertilizer cost, but increase yields
and quality by lessening injury from over-fertilization.
Farm management is the term now being used to
describe coordinated efforts to increase production-
profit ratio. Many of the elements are as traditional
as Extension work itself; what is new is formation of
a team of production specialists-agronomists, ento-
mologists and pathologists, engineers and manage-
ment economists. The production specialists relate
their recommendations to an overall production pro-
gram and to the total economic picture. These pro-
duction considerations include soil studies, use of
high quality propagating materials and superior,
adapted varieties, proper planting rates, dates and
methods, making provisions for drainage and irriga-
tion, devising the proper fertilizer program based on
soil conditions, establishing disease, insect and weed
control programs, and harvesting at the proper stage
of growth. In addition, handling, curing, grading,
packaging, and often storing products are considered.
Marketing is also given attention. The team often
recommends changes in acreage to fit market oppor-
One good example of how marketing economists work
with production specialists is development of a new
cantaloupe variety, bred for superior quality when
grown under southeastern soil and climatic conditions.
New cantaloupe variety holds promise.
Early discovery of insect pests and prompt action are necessary
for best production.
Based on figures compiled for Extension's annual
Acreage Marketing Guide report, Extension econo-
mists have been recommending increased cantaloupe
acreages of up to 90 percent for some time. Until
two years ago, plant breeders were not sure they could
produce a variety which would be of superior quality
consistently, and it was difficult to obtain the interest
of vegetable growers. Three years ago vegetable crop
specialists decided to collect the breeding lines of
private seed company breeders, USDA laboratory
scientists, and three breeders with the Florida Experi-
ment Stations. These were placed in private plantings
in several Florida locations, and several lines produced
superior results in at least three locations. One was
subsequently named Gulfstream and is now commer-
cially available. In addition, one particularly outstand-
ing line bred by C. F. Andrus was used for a two-acre
planting in Alachua county. Under the careful super-
vision of Extension specialists and the county agent
staff, this line produced a marketable yield three
times greater than the normal yield of existing varie-
ties. There was no sign of foliage diseases, one of
the major hurdles, and melons harvested had out-
standing quality and size for the entire production
Diseases, insects and viruses are a major concern of
Florida producers and Extension specialists because
Florida's climate and soils encourage such a wide
variety of problems. There is always special concern
when a new problem arises, and even more so when
it affects a major crop. Such a condition arose in
1967 when infestations of the soybean cyst nematode
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Soybean cyst nematode is major threat to important new Florida c rop.
were discovered in west Florida. This nematode,
which seriously affects yield, was pinpointed by the
University's Plant Disease Clinic from samples sub-
mitted by an Escambia county associate agent. Since
soybeans are the newest commercial crop of major
importance, scientists with the Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences, the Florida Division of Plant
Industry and USDA have initiated a major effort to
prevent spread from the four infested fields and to
spot any other new infestations.
Marketing of Citrus
Since citrus production has reached remarkable levels
over the past few years, much of Extension's empha-
sis for citrus programs has been aimed at keeping
producers informed about market situations. About
1,200 growers and industry representatives heard 97
papers at the four annual citrus institutes in 1967.
In addition, Extension's citrus marketing specialists
assisted in preparing the program for the annual
Citrus Forum conducted by the Florida Bankers Asso-
ciation. This association, assisted by the Extension
Service, has been responsible for establishment of a
citrus Futures Market.
Production problems were not ignored, however. Aim-
ing for the county level, 15 schools were conducted
on various phases of production management during
1967. These were carried out by the state and county
New grove equipment studied at schools.
Extension staff in cooperation with the Citrus Experi-
ment Station. Much of the emphasis in these schools
was on new and improved grove equipment and gen-
eral engineering problems, insect controls, and mar-
The engineering aspects of crop production-espe-
cially citrus, ornamentals and certain high-cash
vegetables-went beyond use of equipment and me-
chanical aids. One of the most severe problems in
production of these crops is careful control of mois-
ture during the growing season. Efficient and adequate
irrigation has been one of the major chores of Exten-
sion's agricultural engineers. They have worked with
public agencies, growers, commercial equipment sup-
pliers and the Florida Irrigation Society to help pro-
mote installation of permanent irrigation systems.
Almost 100,000 acres of citrus are now being irri-
gated by permanent systems.
Almost 100,000 acres of citrus are being irrigated by perma-
Management in Animal Production
Careful records are essential to herd management-in both
beef and dairy operations.
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Management is also being emphasized by Extension
in working with producers of animals and animal
products. At stake is the relation of feed conversion
and gain performance to sales price.
Extension's farm management section has been work-
ing with the Animal Science Department to analyze
data on performance of animals at the Swine Evalua-
tion Center at Live Oak. Animals at the center are all
handled alike, and careful records are kept of weight
changes. One of the most valuable observations in
these trials has been that highest daily weight gain
does not always indicate most profit. The pounds of
feed required to produce a pound of pork is most
important, and this conversion is directly related to
quality of breeding stock.
Another program, initiated in 1967, is designed to
help purebred beef producers get information on how
well their calves perform after weaning. At weaning
time, a random sample of 10 percent of either the
steers or heifers is selected from the herd (minimum
of five, maximum of 100 head). Calves are fed for 150
to 180 days and must reach a slaughter grade of
choice. Weight gains and conversion of feed to weight
are measured. From this the producer is furnished
a summary of carcass weight, rib eye area, fat thick-
ness, cutting grade and percentage, and quality of
meat-including marbling, texture and color.
This information helps producers to better merchan-
dise calves, and helps cattle feeders to locate the kind
of calves they want to buy.
Florida's Random Sample Test, now in its 16th year,
is another major Extension effort-one designed to
help the poultry industry improve egg production
through the testing of breeds and evaluation of physi-
cal facilities, disease controls, and feed ratios. Flor-
ida's testing, in facilities at Chipley, differs from the
National Testing Program in that breeders supply eggs
or baby chicks rather than selecting pullets for test.
Continued growth of the thoroughbred horse industry
in Florida led to establishment of major new projects
in cooperation with breeders during 1967. The IFAS
Animal Science department joined forces with the
Veterinary Science department to help develop better
health and sanitation programs. Nutrition and breed-
ing programs are also being developed. The need for
Extension's work in this area is not limited to the
thoroughbred industry, however, since private owner-
ship of horses also is growing rapidly throughout the
The Importance Of Chemicals In
Without the help of chemicals-pesticides, insecti-
cides, and fungicides-agricultural production in the
U. S. would dip sharply. Farm producers would be
affected so greatly that the cost of food would un-
doubtedly rocket upward. This is especially the case
in Florida, which has an unusually high amount of
insect and disease problems because of the climate.
Extension's entomologists not only carry out an active
program to help keep producers abreast of new and
more effective chemicals on the market, but also a
program to help promote safety and to control residue
Basically, there are two major efforts by the university
To promote safer handling by farm workers,
proper application, and safe storage and dis-
posal. These efforts are aimed at preventing
poisoning accidents due to carelessness and
to help save producers from losses that can
result from excess residues;
To help keep the public informed about the
importance of chemicals in food production,
and to carry out an active safety information
program for people who keep chemicals
around the home.
This program, which is largely informational, is carried
out by the Agricultural Chemicals Information Center
at the University of Florida, and through County
Chemical Education groups.
In addition to personal contacts and group meetings,
pamphlets are used to spread the safety information.
The center makes wide usage of the mass media-
newspapers, television and radio-in an effort to
reach all families.
The Rural Family
While the number of rural families is diminishing, in
Florida as well as nationally, there is evidence this
trend may begin to reverse somewhat in the future.
I. Families may not engage in actual farming activities,
but carry out limited activities as a hobby or for per-
sonal use. While many of these families may have
farm backgrounds, many need help in adjusting to
the more self-reliant rural atmosphere.
Extension's engineering section has a number of pro-
grams aimed at helping rural area people improve
their physical facilities. Through Extension's plan
service, blueprints and plans for houses and farm
service buildings are available. Over 10,000 of these
plans were supplied to Florida residents during 1967.
In cooperation with the Farmers Home Administration,
I sSo important is the use of chemicals in Florida's agricultural
industry that special teams of entomologists and information
specialists are employed. A loose-leaf type insect control guide
is updated quickly and periodically with new recommendations
for commercial producers.
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Extension is assisting with the self-help housing pro-
gram for rural families. Under this program a family
is allowed to do a large portion of the construction
work and thus a smaller FHA loan is needed. Four
simplified house plans have been developed for this
Extension also carries on a civil defense program
stressing the establishment of shelters in rural areas
for protection from disasters. One of the moct serious
problems in rural areas is water supply. Since most
rural families must depend upon wells as a water
source, Extension engineers carry out an active pro-
gram to help improve water supply and quality. This
includes helping select the best sites for new wells,
and providing testing and evaluating services for exist-
ing water supplies. This work is done in cooperation
with county health departments and with private
In addition to elaborate programs designed to help
large commercial producers, Extension's agricultural
specialists also have projects for young people-car-
ried out through the formal 4-H Club organization and
through other special interest groups of young people.
One of the most aggressive of these is the conserva-
tion education program designed for urban as well as
rural young people. Bay County has a very active
group of 300. young people in this program-mostly
from urban areas. Automotive care and safety is
another project popular with young people. A highly
successful "youth driving roadeo" was held during
1967 at the Pensacola Interstate Fair, in cooperation
with automotive dealers, civic clubs, the public
schools, and the Department of Driver Education.
While Extension still carries on projects for rural young peo-
ple, many new projects are designed for urban youngsters.
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Improving Marketing And Utilization
The main goal of Extension marketing economists is
to create efficiency in marketing Florida agricultural
products. During 1967, programs were dedicated to
Improving the marketing decisions of producers;
Developing new systems for marketing;
Improving the efficiency of marketing firms;
Expanding the markets for existing agricultural
Developing new processes and products
Certainly one of the most sensitive subjects in market-
ing today is "bargaining power." One of the most
successful approaches through the years has been the
collective approach-through cooperatives and asso-
ciations. Basic to understanding how cooperatives
can help, producers are exposed to basic principles of
supply and demand as Extension specialists explore
the possibilities of a cooperative working in a given
situation. Seven meetings with potato producers in
north central Florida led to approval by 85 percent of
the growers of a cooperative marketing firm repre-
senting 27,000 acres of potatoes.
One of the best examples of developing new market-
ing systems can be found in the citrus industry where
the relation of supply and demand on price has been
experienced in very real terms by producers. The
problem was to reduce the risk of great fluctuations in
prices for fruit. Programs to explain the use of futures
trading as a marketing tool to hedge against price
changes were presented in three of the largest citrus-
producing counties by Extension economists. Interest
in futures trading grew rapidly and over 5,000 con-
tracts were made over a 15-month period.
Exploration of new marketing systems can also result
in rejecting an idea, as was the case in one area during
1967. An Extension economist assisted in assessing
the possibility of establishing a milk marketing firm by
building facilities large enough to process and sell half
the supply for a large metropolitan area. The eco-
nomic realities limiting such a venture were made
apparent to investors who subsequently dropped the
idea. Their entry into that market could have been
To help improve efficiency within marketing firms,
Extension continued its management audits, originated
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Consumer tests are often employed in helping the agricultural
industry improve marketing of existing products or introduce
in 1966 and aimed at large corporations. Audits were
conducted for two large cooperatives and by the end
of 1967 both were initiating changes in organizational
structure, lines of communication, inventory control,
purchasing and managerial control.
A one-week school for produce buyers on the Univer-
sity of Florida campus drew national attention and
participation, and attracted people from marketing
firms, trade associations, packinghouse operations,
transportation companies, and refrigeration manufac-
turing firms as well as the buyers. The buyers repre-
sented several major North American food chains.
In cooperation with Extension Home Economists, an
IFAS food technologist arranged and conducted sur-
veys in three large urban areas to help test the salabil-
ity and consumer acceptance of "pig pork" (pork
from light-weight hogs). This was an effort to expand
a market. In one survey an Extension-prepared tele-
vision program, coupled with the efforts of one retail
grocery organization was used to test sales of "pig
pork." Surveys of movements before and after the
promotion revealed increases of from 300 to 600 per-
cent in sales of this product.
Some of Extension's efforts in the area of new process-
ing techniques during 1967 were devoted to an active
educational program for the general public in an effort
to gain better understanding of new foods.
Emphasis was placed on use of food additives to better
preserve food, new products on the market, and new
legislation on packaging and inspections of food.
Newsletters and television were used widely in this
Extension Home Economics Is For Everybody
Half a century of Extension Home Economics programs
fA, has brought scientific information, improved skills in
homemaking and higher living standards to millions
S' of U. S. families. During the first two or three decades
emphasis was given to the problems of rural families.
S"' Farmers' wives and daughters were the prime au-
dience. But, as our country has advanced so has the
living environment of the rural family. Educational
Programs geared to the farm family now are only
Slightly different from those designed for urban, sub-
Surban and small town families.
., .y'" .r ^ So today Extension Home Economics is for every-
.m Extension Home Economics Agents in 55 Florida coun-
.',... I ties are providing practical, unbiased information to
an ever-widening group of women and girls, boys and
men-to families and to individuals. Through tradi-
-;. 1 tional Extension Homemaker Club groups, a wide
variety of groups and individuals are being reached.
Volunteer leaders from these groups receive training
from Extension agents and conduct demonstrations,
set up exhibits, and prepare result demonstrations-
not only for their own clubs, but for new groups and
individuals in a wider audience.
-. From Florida's abundant rank of retired professionals
are many volunteer leaders in the Home Economics
program. Homemakers of the middle years-when
children are married or away in college-and young
homemakers also are finding time to join the voluntary
-.,^ leader groups, thus becoming good neighbors to their
Adult leaders have been an essential part of Extension's local programs.
communities. Some women who work regular jobs
outside the home still find the time to serve as adult
leaders for groups of 4-H girls or boys. Older 4-H
girls also are trained for serving as guides and teach-
ers for small groups of younger girls.
The training given to these voluntary leaders is pro-
vided by graduate home economists who, themselves,
have been provided additional and refresher training
from the Extension State Specialist Staff.
During 1967, these agents held almost 2,400 leader
training meetings with total attendance of more than
18,000 leaders. In turn, leaders held meetings to
provide instruction for 96,500 adults and 12,000
youth. Other adults and young people were reached
through more than 3,000 special-interest meetings
held by home agents assisted by volunteer leaders.
In 8 counties leaders and agents taught low-income
families how to use donated foods to improve family
Seminole Indian families on Brighton and Big Cypress
reservations are moving into newly-completed modern
homes in a housing improvement program. The Ex.
tension Agent for these reservations held classes to
help the Indian homemakers prepare themselves for
the more demanding tasks required by a new home.
Subjects included how to make best use of the electric
oven in preparing family meals; how to select quality
foods and store them at home to keep in good condi-
tion; how to prepare and serve nutritionally adequate
family meals; and how to prepare Florida's abundant
fresh vegetables and fruits in a variety of ways to
please the family's tastes. By special request of their
families, the Indian homemakers learned to prepare
the traditional family Thanksgiving dinner and invited
their husbands as guests to the demonstration of the
newly acquired knowledge and skill.
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Extension's home economics programs
are designed for all citizens, rural and
urban, young and old. Many programs
are designed for low income groups
and senior citizens living on small
fixed incomes. All are designed to help
people live better within their means.
In more than 30 counties Extension has concentrated
on new audiences among the hard-to-reach poor. To
reach these families it was necessary to vary the
methods as well as the kind of information provided.
In 14 counties emphasis was placed on helping dis-
advantaged families make their homes more com-
fortable and surroundings more attractive. Home
agents, often with assistance from volunteer leaders,
held workshops and gave individual instruction in
improving home storage facilities, housecleaning,
making curtains and draperies, cleaning upholstered
furniture, making slip covers, refinishing and re-
upholstering furniture, planning color schemes, and
selecting new furnishings.
"Clean-up" and yard improvement campaigns carried
out by youth groups in three counties were especially
successful. The young people cleared away litter,
painted, trimmed shrubbery, cut weeds, trimmed
lawns, and made minor repairs about the homes.
With the help of leaders, one youth group renovated
an old slum area house and converted it into a com-
munity center. The surroundings were transformed
into a landscaped park with flowering shrubs and
Home agents in other counties helped disadvantaged
families and teenaged groups learn to improve their
shopping skills, manage money and credit, better. In
two counties teaching was done in cooperation with
the basic education program so that adults learned
money management and shopping skills as they
learned "the three R's."
Migrant worker families in several counties studied
subjects vital to their health, morale, comfort and
Upholstering refinishing used furniture not only provides
many women with an interesting hobby, but helps many others
improve their surroundings without great expense.
budgets-such topics as remodeling clothing and
making dresses; getting more for the dollar spent on
family living; getting the most for the food dollar and
at the same time improve family nutrition.
New residents of low-rent public housing needed to
learn how to use and care for up-to-date major ap-
pliances and newer types of floor and wall finishes.
Extension agents and leaders stressed this information
for groups in seven counties. For several groups the
instruction was expanded to cover classes and work-
shops in making draperies, clothing construction, meal
planning and preparation, and money management.
It is estimated that Florida has almost half a million
homemakers employed outside the home. For many
the task would be impossible without learning to man-
age time and energy and unless other family members
assume some of the responsibilities. Keeping up-to-
date and acquiring new skills is a serious problem for
working women. Extension's monthly newsletters
contain condensed, practical information from the
wealth of sound, new information available. These
newsletters encourage women to become members of
groups that meet during evening hours for study of
home economics subjects of particular interest. Also
directed toward this group are regular news articles
written by many home agents, radio programs in 25
counties, and TV programs presented by home agents
and by Extension Home Economics Specialists on the
state staff for use on 7 stations serving a major part
of the state.
To help meet the problem of caring for young children
when the mother is ill and providing assistance to
chronically ill or handicapped elderly persons, a net-
work of visiting homemakers and health aides has
been established in several areas. Home Economics
agents in 10 counties have participated in these com-
munity projects by teaching classes for the workers
as part of their pre-service training. Subjects include:
efficient housekeeping skills, food buying and prep-
aration, use and care of equipment and furnishings,
laundering methods and management of time and
Extension agents in 55 counties have continued edu-
cational programs on a variety of home economics
subjects with teenage girls. Recently, such programs
were extended to include subjects of practical interest
Young mothers are a special target of Extension home econo-
mists. Many hold down jobs to help improve family financial
structure, but still must learn to budget and make best use of
to boys and young men. Selection and care of cloth-
ing, grooming, manners, money management, and
outdoor meals were the subjects most frequently
One group of young people, ages 16 to 20, formed a
discussion study group, and with guidance and infor-
mation from a home agent, met monthly to learn
better use of their limited money and other resources.
Some are high school drop-outs. Others are still in
school. They are single, married, male and female-
and all are employed. Interest of the group has been
sustained over a period of several months and the
group is increasing in size.
Extension's programs for young people have under-
gone tremendous change during the past ten years.
While youth work is administered and carried out
through the formal community 4-H structure, the
community clubs have been augmented by the addi-
tion of pilot programs in special interest subject
The basis for this new phase of youth work is two-fold.
Just as all Extension programs have been re-oriented
to include urban and suburban audiences, 4-H is offer-
ing a broad spectrum of activities for all young people
-regardless of their backgrounds. Moreover, geo-
graphic locations may seriously limit some young
people from participating in formal clubs.
New 4-H projects are designed for urban youngsters, includ-
ing photography. Camping is still an important part of the
program, but citizenship and leadership have become im-
portant subjects for summer camps.
The 4-H program has also undergone structural
changes as far as the community is concerned. Young
people, either in Community 4-H clubs or in special
interest groups, now meet with trained adult and
junior leaders-volunteers from the community rather
than strictly with Extension agents.
While there are still many projects of interest to young
people living on farms, a wide range of projects not
connected with "farm production" are available-
from entomology to pet care, nutrition to safety, auto-
motive care to citizenship and leadership.
These latter two-citizenship and leadership-have a
double meaning in 4-H work. They are formal projects
based on records of activities and service to both the
4-H program and the community itself. As projects,
4-H'ers may enter their records as part of the recog-
nition program, and attend national leadership citi-
zenship conferences. By the same token, development
of leadership and good citizenship are inherent bene-
fits and products of other 4-H program activities.
Participation in the formal 4-H structure allows young
people to assume roles of leadership-whether serv-
ing simply as cabin leaders during summer camp, or
as members of county councils. Good citizenship is
also fostered by many 4-H activities. Changes in the
4-H program structure, creating community-oriented
rather than school-associated 4-H clubs, have
strengthened the relationship of 4-H work and the
community as a whole.
During 1967, community service projects were carried
out by 4-H clubs in all but one of Florida's counties.
Many of these were beautification projects, designed
New pet care projects have become popular.
New pet care projects have become popular.
to enhance the attractiveness of certain areas of the
For example, in Taylor County, 11 clubs worked to-
gether to clean up the banks of highways. Seven truck
loads of trash were removed from highways alone.
A Brevard county project was designed to encourage
homeowners to clean up their own property. 4-H'ers
built and planted flower boxes and gave them to all
homeowners in the community who agreed to clean
up their home surroundings.
Clean-up, mosquito control and driver-improvement
campaigns were carried out by Hillsborough county
youngsters; through a safety program Dade county
4-H'ers distributed over 10,000 copies of a leaflet on
new traffic laws. These are just a few examples of the
4-H'ers also have an opportunity to carry out community im-
provement projects and learn good citizenship by positive ac-
many worthwhile and successful community-service
activities of young people in Extension's 4-H program
-activities which are helping young people gain a
feeling of responsibility to the community and a dis-
tinct feeling of "being a part."
Good citizenship is learned not only as a by-product of
worthwhile activities, but is a distinct 4-H project in
itself. Extension's youth program offers unlimited
opportunities for individuals to grow and develop by
learning to understand their relationship to others,
and by learning the principles of self-government.
Well over 1,000 4-H members received citizenship and
public affairs educational experiences during 1967,
from special shortcourses conducted in the counties,
to the national 4-H citizenship shortcourse in Wash-
ington, D. C.
State 4-H Congress has reached new levels of sophistication,
including the opportunity to meet young people from other
Since Florida's 4-H organization is, in many ways, self-
governing, members not only have the opportunity to
practice their citizenship responsibilities within their
own group, but to assume roles which develop leader-
ship also. Members can serve as officers and com-
mittee chairmen in the over 1,000 4-H community
clubs throughout the state. There are also county-
wide councils, in 48 counties, there are 10 district
councils, and a state 4-H council of officers. The
leadership structure offers hundreds of opportunities
for young people to develop citizenship abilities.
For example, at the state 4-H Congress held in Gaines-
ville each year, the state 4-H officers give leadership
to the week's program.
State Congress provides opportunities for members to
be recognized for individual achievement and pro-
motes a free exchange of ideas among rank and file
members. A number of 4-H young people from Latin
American countries were on hand for the 1967 State
Congress and this added an international touch. It
allowed Florida 4-H'ers to exchange ideas with the
Latin American young people, thus broadening their
experience in understanding other people.
The Extension Service feels a primary responsibility
for helping all 4-H members develop themselves to
their greatest potential. A vast recognition program is
used to encourage all 4-H members to strive and
Through 4-H, members learn to set their own goals
and learn the discipline and work required to achieve
Rural Areas Development
While many Florida cities have the financial resources
to maintain planning departments, many small com-
munities and rural areas have no organized bodies to
do community planning. Extension has developed a
program to provide organizational and educational
assistance to both farm and non-farm groups in rural
areas for resource development. And, since many
local citizens have an opportunity to form and work
in volunteer organizations, resulting projects generally
have broad community support.
In cooperation with local county commissions, 10
northwest Florida counties have banded together in a
comprehensive program to inventory resources of the
area and develop plans for orderly development. The
group has met the requirements for financial assist-
ance from the Economic Development Administration,
and a full-time staff has now been hired to implement
Community development on the neighborhood level
has been demonstrated in Jackson County where 15
community improvement clubs have been formed.
Community leaders from each club, in an annual meet-
ing establish goals, and set up criteria for county-wide
competition. The Chamber of Commerce cooperates
by providing prizes for the clubs that are most suc-
cessful in completing their outlined programs. These
improvement goals include programs of family money
management and home improvement. They promote
health and education facilities and youth opportuni-
ties. They include ambitious farm improvement pro-
grams and non-farm projects for increasing incomes.
Levy county survey of natural resources will lead to orderly
development of recreation facilities.
Several counties have undertaken studies aimed at
improving outdoor recreation facilities. During 1967,
nine more appraised their potential by making de-
tailed inventories of natural resources and reviewed
opportunities for development.
Typical of this effort was the Levy County study-a
cooperative endeavor of the local Rural Areas Develop-
ment council, the Technical Action Panel, the County
Board of Commissioners, Soil Conservation Service,
and Agricultural Extension Service. The study showed
a high potential for development of such activities as
canoeing, boat camping, salt water fishing, fresh
water fishing, big game hunting, water fowl hunting,
and natural and scenic area development. Local citi-
zens will benefit both by having access to the recrea-
tional facilities and by the economic gain which such
facilities will generate. At the same time the group
decided to place a low priority on the development of
vacation farms and golf courses.
"1 *-"-- :
-~5) '"C -------------
Title 1 funds are being used to help improve agricultural labor situation through manpower
training especially with labor supervisors.
Other developmental activities in rural areas include
the improvement of water and sewage systems, estab-
lishment of dental and health clinics for school chil-
dren, clean rural water supplies, rural trash disposal
programs, and youth opportunity programs in educa-
tion, employment, and recreation.
Public affairs programs have covered such areas as
county-wide planning and zoning and agricultural and
agri-business labor problems.
New legislation in 1967 made it necessary for all
farmers to file returns requesting agricultural zoning
in order to receive preferential assessment for ad
valorem taxes. Extension immediately embarked upon
a state-wide program to acquaint farmers and county
officials with the provisions and implications of the
Utilizing funds from Title I of the Higher Education
Act, Extension specialists surveyed the training needed
by agricultural labor. Critical shortages in certain
skills were discovered, and future manpower training
programs will be geared to fit these needs. Employers
were almost unanimous in indicating an urgent need
to train their labor supervisors better in personnel
management. Thus, Extension planned a continuing
program in labor management for agriculture and
With a trend toward shorter supplies of labor and high
wage rates, this program in personnel management
offers much hope in alleviating difficulties in recruit-
ing and maintaining adequate labor to produce and
process Florida's agricultural output.
ALL EXTENSION PERSONNEL
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Rural Civil Defense
Pesticide Chemical -----
State Trust Funds:
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Rural Civil Defense ----.
Pesticide Chemicals -
State Funds ---.- -------
State Trust Funds:
Studies of problems and opportunities ---- -------
Field trials, tests, demonstrations .-------------
Consultations providing information, advice, guidance on problems of:
a. Individuals, families, and farm operators ----
b. Agencies, firms, and organizations --- --
Meetings of Extension Planning Development and other committees --
a. Meetings to train local leaders -----------
b. Number of different leaders trained----
Other meetings at which Extension workers presented information ---
Publications distributed to public ..----------- -
a. Number of different pieces prepared --.------------ ---
b. Number of pieces distributed ..-- ------- -------------
Radio broadcasts participated in--- -------.-- --
Television broadcasts participated in ---. -- --
SUMMARY OF 4-H CLUB WORK
Number of 4-H Clubs .. ----
Number of 4-H members:
Boys --- -----------
Adult .-- -
Junior 4-H boys .------------- ------------- --
Junior 4-H girls ---- ------
Farm --------- ---------------
Rural non-farm ---------------
Suburban ---------------- ---
Urban ------- ------
SUMMARY OF EXTENSION HOME ECONOMICS PROGRAM
Total Number of Persons Assisted Individually and in Groups
2,341,052 Number of Home Economics Leader Training Meetings Held
Number of Home Economics Leaders Trained --------- ---
Number of Extension Homemakers Club Members -- ..
Number of Special Interest Meetings Held in Home Economics
1 ,399,043 Number of Individuals Reached -- -----------
Number of Individuals from Low-Income Families Reached
$3,815,875 by Extension Home Economics Programs and Activities _
FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE STAFF
Administrative and State Specialists
Marshall O. Watkins, D.P.A., Director
Joe N. Busby, Ph.D., Associate Director
Forrest E. Myers, M.Ag., Assistant Director
Miss Betty Jean Brannan, Ed.D., Assistant Director, Home Economics Programs
Shaw E. Grigsby, Ph.D., Training Specialist
Miss Emily King, Ph.D., Extension Home Economist, Training
Alto A. Straughn, Ph.D., Assistant Program Specialist
John H. Nininger, Jr., B.S., Assistant in Administration
David R. Bryant, Jr., A.B., Administrative Manager
M. Hervey Sharpe, Ph.D., Communication Specialist; Chairman, Editorial Dept.
K. B. Meurlott, M.A., Assistant Communication Specialist
Douglas L. Buck, B.S., Assistant Communication Specialist
Roberts C. Smith, Jr., B.A., Assistant Communication Specialist
Donald W. Poucher, M.A., Assistant Communication Specialist
Charles T. Woods, Jr., M.A., Assistant Chemical Communication Specialist
Miss Alma Warren, M.A., Assistant Communication Specialist
Charles B. Browning, Ph.D., Chairman, Dairy Science Dept.
Clarence W. Reaves, M.S.A., Extension Dairyman
Howard B. Young, M.S.A., Assistant Extension Dairy Technologist
Barney Harris, Jr., Ph.D., Assistant Extension Dairyman
Tony J. Cunha, Ph.D., Chairman, Animal Science Dept.
James E. Pace, M.S.A., Animal Husbandman
Robert L. Reddish, Ph.D., Associate Meats Specialist
Kenneth L. Durrance, M.Ag., Associate Animal Husbandman
Bill G. Jackson, Ph.D., Assistant Animal Husbandman
George T. Edds, Ph.D., Chairman, Veterinary Science Dept.
Alfred H. Krezdorn, Ph.D., Chairman, Fruit Crops Dept.
Fred P. Lawrence, M.Ag., Citriculturist
David P. H. Tucker, Ph.D., Assistant Horticulturist (Citrus Exp. Sta.)
Frank S. Jamison, Ph.D., Vegetable Crops Specialist; Chairman, Vegetable Crops Dept.
James Montelaro, Ph.D., Vegetable Crops Specialist
Mason E. Marvel, M.S., Associate Vegetable Crops Specialist
James M. Stephens, M.S.A., Assistant Vegetable Crops Specialist
Eliot C. Roberts, Ph.D., Ornamental Horticulturist and Chairman of Ornamental Horti-
Edgar W. McElwee, Ph.D., Ornamental Horticulturist
Charles A. Conover, M.S.A., Assistant Ornamental Horticulturist
Harry G. Meyers, M.S., Assistant Ornamental Horticulturist
Robert H. Harms, Ph.D., Chairman, Poultry Dept.
Julian S. Moore, M.S.A., Extension Poultryman
Lester W. Kalch, M.Ag., Assistant Extension Poultryman
Clifford Alston, M.S.A., Economist, Farm Management
Edwin W. Cake, Ph.D., Economist, Farm Management
Charles L. Anderson, B.S.A., Interim Assistant in Farm Management
R. A. Dennison, Ph.D., Chairman, Food Technology Dept.
Richard F. Matthews, Ph.D., Associate Food Technologist
D. E. McCloud, Ph.D., Chairman, Agronomy Dept.
J. Russell Henderson, M.S.A., Agronomist
David W. Jones, M.S.A., Associate Agronomist
Elmo B. Whitty, Ph.D., Assistant Agronomist
Miss Elizabeth Dickenson, M.S., Clothing and Textile Specialist
Mrs. Roberta H. Hall, M.S., Extension Home Furnishings Specialist
Mrs. Beth H. Bates, M.S., Extension Food Specialist
Miss Veril L. Mitchell, M.S., Home Management and Family Economics Specialist.
Miss Carolyn J. Combrink, M.S., Housing and Equipment Specialist
Mrs. Mary N. Harrison, M.S., Consumer Education Specialist
Woodrow W. Brown, M.Ag., State 4-H Club Leader
Grant M. Godwin, M.Ag., Associate State 4-H Club Agent
Billy Jay Alien, M.Ag., Assistant State 4-H Club Agent
Thomas C. Greenawalt, M.Ag., Assistant State 4-H Club Agent
Miss Ruth L. Milton, M.S., Associate State 4-H Club Agent
Miss Betty Sue Mifflin, M.S., Assistant State 4-H Club Agent
Clisby C. Moxley, Ph.D., Economist
Luther C. Salter, M.S., Acting Assistant Economist
Carl Farler, M.S., Rural Resource Development Specialist
V. L. Elkins, M.Ed., Area Program Specialist, Fla. A&M Univ., Tallahassee
James C. McCall, M.S.A., Rural Areas Development Specialist, Marianna
W. Howard Smith, M.Ag., Rural Areas Development Specialist, Fla. Swine Eval. Cen.,
Frank S. Perry, M.Ag., District Agent
William J. Platt, Jr., M.S.A., District Agent
Jack T. McCown, M.Ag., District Agent
Kenneth S. McMullen, M.Ag., District Agent
Miss Helen D. Holstein, M.A., District Extension Home Economics Agent
Mrs. Yancey B. Walters, M.S.H.E., District Extension Home Economics Agent
Miss Lora A. Kiser, B.S.H.E., District Extension Home Economics Agent
A. W. O'Steen (Chipley), B.S.A., Supervisor, Florida National Egg-Laying Test
Charles E. Freeman, M.S., Interim Assistant Agronomist
John L. Gray, M.S.F., Director, School of Forestry
Thomas G. Herndon, M.S.F., Extension Forester
Anthony S. Jensen, M.S.F., Assistant Extension Forester
D. T. Kinard, Ph.D., Chairman, Agricultural Engineering Dept.
Thomas C. Skinner, M.Ag., Agricultural Engineer
A. M. Pettis, M.S.A., Associate Agricultural Engineer
Dalton S. Harrison, M.S.A., Associate Agricultural Engineer
Richard P. Cromwell, M.S., Assistant Agricultural Engineer
Lloyd B. Baldwin, M.A., Rural Civil Defense Coordinator
Sam Evans, B.S., Assistant in Agricultural Engineering
W. G. Eden, Ph.D., Chairman, Entomology Dept.
John D. Haynie, B.S.A., Apiculturist
James E. Brogdon, M.Ag., Entomologist
John R. Strayer, M.Ag., Assistant Entomologist
L. H. Purdy, Jr., Ph.D., Chairman, Plant Pathology Department
Robert S. Mullin, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist
C. F. Eno, Ph.D., Chairman, Soils Department
James NeSmith, Ph.D., Soils Specialist
John H. Herbert, Jr., M.S.A., Extension Conservationist
Kenneth R. Tefertiller, Ph.D., Chairman, Agriculture Economics Dept.
Ralph A. Eastwood, Ph.D., Economist, Marketing
Stanley E. Rosenberger, Ph.D., Marketing Specialist in Vegetable Crops
Kenneth M. Gilbraith, M.S.A., Vegetable Marketing Specialist
Charles D. Covey, Ph.D., Assistant Economist, Marketing
Miss Izola F. Williams, M.S., Asst. State Leader, Home Economics
Miss Elizabeth L. McCartney, M.S.Ed., Health Education Specialist
COUNTY AGRICULTURAL AND HOME ECONOMICS AGENTS
Wilburn C. Farrell, M.Ag.
A. T. Andrews, M.Ag.
English M. Greene, B.S.A.
Mrs. Runette H. Davis, M.A.
Mrs. Elizabeth C. Ahrano, B.S.H.E.
A. Luther Harrell, M.Ag.
Mrs. Roberta C. Hicks, B.S.
Horace M. Carr, B.S.A.
Mrs. Eliza M. Jackson, B.S.H.E.
G. T. Huggins, B.S.A.
Bobby L. Taylor, M.Ag.
Miss Martha Sue McCain, B.S.
James T. Oxford, B.S.A.
Sylvester A. Rose, M.S.
John F. McGuire, B.S.A.
Mrs. Sue B. Young, B.S.
Mrs. Arlen C. Jones, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Joy Wren Satcher, B.S.
Lewis E. Watson, M.Ag.
James F. Cummings, M.Ag.
Frank J. Jasa, B.S.A.
Mrs. Dorothy Y. Gifford, B.S.H.E.
Miss Sandra Kaye Taylor, B.S.
Harvey T. Paulk, M.Ag.
Jerry A. Wyrick, M.S.A.
Miss Ida Jo Harrison, M.S.
W. Lester Hatcher, B.S.A.
Quentin Medlin, B.S.A.
Royce C. Williams, M.Ag.
Mrs. Paula P. Stanley, B.S.H.E.
Emmett D. McCall, B.S.
Mrs. Margaret R. Nelson, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Donna L. Druell, B.S.H.E.
Donald W. Lander, M.Ag.
James A. Curtis, B.S.
Dallas B. Townsend, B.S.A.
Neal M. Dukes, B.S.
Thomas J. Godbold, B.S.A.
Mrs. Emily G. Harper, B.S.
Mrs. Judith DeRosia, B.S.
Miss Eleanor Faye Simmons, B.S.H.E.
John D. Campbell, B.S.A.
Nolan L. Durre, M.S.
Seymour Goldweber, B.S.
Joseph D. Dalton, Ph.D.
Richard M. Hunt, B.S.A.
Roy J. Champagne, M.S.
Ralph W. Moore, B.S.A.
Louis J. Daigle, M.Ag.
Mrs. Helen B. MacTavish, B.S.A.
Mrs. Justine L. Bizette, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Elizabeth D. Clark, B.S.
Miss Mary Alyce Holmes, M.S.
Miss Victoria M. Simpson, B.S.
Miss Patricia A. Helms, B.S.H.E.
DE SOTO COUNTY
Edward E. Russell, B.S.
Mrs. Mary A. FitzSimons, B.S.
Edward J. Cowen, M.Ag.
James N. Watson, B.S.A.
Edward Allen, M.S.
Thomas H. Braddock, Jr., M.S.A.
Richard H. Spielman, B.S.A.
Mrs. Nellie D. Mills, B.S.
Mrs. Susan Brazell, B.A.
Mrs. Bessie J. Canty, M.S.
Mrs. Sarah A. Mullis, B.S.
Miss Virginia R. Wood, B.S.H.E.
E. Norbert Stephens, B.S.A.
J. Lowell Loadholtz, B.S.
James H. Walker, M.S.A.
Harold A. Taylor, B.S.A.
Mrs. Edwena J. Robertson, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Dorothy C. Cunningham, B.S.H.E.
Donald F. Jordan, M.Ag.
James B. Estes, M.Ag.
Mrs. A. F. Taranto, B.S.H.E.
John C. Russell, M.Ag.
Bernard H. Clark, B.S.A.
Russell H. Stephens, B.S.
Mrs. Marjorie B. Gregory, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Dicki D. Bentley, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Ursula H. Williams, B.S.H.E.
James R. Yelvington, M.Ag.
B. O. Bass, M.S.A.
Cubie R. Laird, M.Ed.
Rance A. Andrews, B.S.A.
Isaac Chandler, Jr., B.S.
Mrs. Wylma B. White, M.S.H.E.
Jack C. Hayman, M.Ag.
Miss Nancy B. Whigham, B.S.H.E.
Raymond H. Burgess, M.S.
George M. Owens, Jr., M.Ag.
Mrs. Barmell B. Dixon, B.S.H.E.
Bert J. Harris, Jr., B.S.A.
George T. Hurner, Jr., B.S.A.
Mrs. Imogene D. Ritenburgh, B.S.H.E.
Jean Beem, M.S.A.
R. Donald Downs, B.S.A.
Milford C. Jorgensen, M.Ag.
Paul E. Glasscock, B.S.
Clarence F. O'Quinn, B.S.A.
Thomas W. Oswalt, M.S.A.
Wayne T. Wade, M.S.
Mrs. Mamie G. Bassett, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Virginia H. Coombs, B.S.H.E.
Miss Sudella J. Ford, B.S.
Mrs. Edna L. Little, B.S.
Mrs. Helen P. Webb, B.S.H.E.
Lawrence D. Taylor, M.Ag.
Jerry Pitts, B.S.
Mrs. Sallie R. Childers, B.S.
INDIAN RIVER COUNTY
Forrest N. McCullars, B.S.A.
Mrs. May 0. Fulton, B.S.H.E.
Glenn L. Loveless, Jr., B.S.
Woodrow W. Glenn, M.Ag.
William E. Collins, B.S.A.
Richard H. Leoppert, Jr., B.S.
Mrs. Mary H. Bennett, M.S.
Mrs. Jane R. Burgess, B.S.H.E.
Albert H. Odom, M.S.A.
Miss Jeanette Meadows, B.S.H.E.
William C. Smith, Jr., M.Ag.
Mrs. Carol Ann Parramore, B.S.H.E.
Earl M. Kelly, M.Ag.
William M. Nixon, M.S.A.
Robert M. Jones, M.S.
Mrs. Marian Valentine, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Deborah R. Boulware, M.S.
Robert G. Curtis, B.S.A.
Ronald G. Shafer, B.S.A.
Mrs. Dorothy J. Classon, B.S.
J. Lloyd Rhoden, M.Ag.
Bobby R. Durden, B.S.A.
Richard A. Hartsfield, B.S.A.
Foster L. Heseltine, B.S.
Mrs. Carolyn Creamer, B.S.
Mrs. Lucy T. Hammond, M.Ed.
Leonard C. Cobb, M.Ag.
William R. Womble, B.S.A.
Mrs. Lillian B. Simmons, B.S.H.E.
Judson T. Fulmer, M.Ed.
Mrs. Shirley T. Clark, B.S.H.E.
O. R. Hamrick, Jr., M.Ag.
James C. Miller, B.S.
Pat H. Sullivan, B.S.
Mrs. Mae M. Anderson, B.S.
Miss Deloris M. Jones, B.S.
Theodore Gallo, II, M.Ag.
Rollin McNutt, B.S.A.
Murray Nance, Jr., M.A.
Mrs. Ethel Hanson, B.S.
Mrs. Jay O. Deal, B.S.
Edsel W. Rowan, B.S.A.
James M. Glisson, B.S.A.
William J. Phillips, Jr., M.S.
Eugene P. Smith, B.S.A.
Mrs. Postelle Dawsey, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Cora H. Meares, B.S.
Mrs. Sarah K. Thomas, B.S.
Levi M. Johnson, B.S.A.
Mrs. Martha B. Norton, M.S.H.E.
Gordon B. Ellis, A.A.
Mrs. Sandra R. Jones, B.S.
Jack D. Patten, B.S.A.
Charles M. Walthall, M.S.
Mrs. Ann P. Jeter, B.S.
Mrs. Charla J. Wambles, B.S.H.E.
Clifford R. Boyles, A.A.
Henry F. Swanson, M.S.A.
Bruce A. Barmby, M.S.
Ernest H. Cowen, B.S.
Oscar J. Hebert, Jr., M.S.
Salvatore E. Tamburo, Ph.D.
Mrs. Marjorie K. Williams, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Mary A. Moore, M.A.T.
Mrs. Leala R. Collins, B.S.
Mrs. Deloris Wilkins, B.S.
James B. Smith, B.S.A.
Mrs. Marilyn Tileston, B.S.H.E.
PALM BEACH COUNTY
Robert S. Pryor, B.S.
John H. Causey, B.S.A.
R. Kent Price, M.Ag.
Norman C. Bezona, B.S.A.
Raleigh S. Griffis, M.Ag.
Miss Mary L. Todd, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Marylou Shirar, B.S.
Luther L. Rozar, M.Ag.
Albert D. Dawson, B.S.A.
Mrs. Clara A. Smith, B.S.
Mrs. Elizabeth B. Furr, A.B.
Gilbert M. Whitton, Jr., M.Ag.
William A. Allen, M.S.A.
Charles E. Rowan, M.Ag.
Mrs. Connie Dix, B.S.
Mrs. Dorothy E. Drives, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Virginia D. Gardner, B.S.H.E.
Robert M. Davis, M.Ag.
Jackson Haddox, M.Ag.
Larry K. Jackson, M.S.A.
Miss Alice Page, M.S.
David M. Solger, B.S.A.
Sidney L. Sumner, M.S.
Mrs. Ruth M. Elkins, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Josephine Cameron, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Anne S. Dunson, B.S.H.E.
Ralph T. Clay, B.S.A.
Mrs. Essie H. Thompson, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Mary F. Reese, B.S.H.E.
SANTA ROSA COUNTY
William C. Zorn, M.Ag.
Jack James Spears, B.S.A.
Miss Fern Nix, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. LeAnn T. Casey, B.S.
Kenneth A. Clark, B.S.A.
Edwin S. Pastorius, B.S.A.
Frank M. Melton, M.S.A.
Mrs. Catherine H. Love, M.A.
Cecil A. Tucker, II, M.S.
William R. Llewellyn, M.S.A.
Miss Sandra Kay Weiss, B.S.H.E.
ST. JOHNS COUNTY
Paul L. Dinkins, Jr., M.Ag.
Miss Nettie R. Brown, B.S.H.E.
ST. LUCIE COUNTY
Hugh C. Whelchel, Jr., B.A.
Mrs. Marguerite R. Brock, B.S.H.E.
Donald A. George, B.S.A.
Richard L. Bradley, B.S.A.
Mrs. Elizabeth-Anne B. Stewart, B.S.
J. Paul Crews, B.S.A.
Joe F. DeVane, B.S.
Robert B. Whitty, B.S.A.
Mrs. JoAnn N. Kirkland, B.S.
Mrs. Jacquelyn F. Benson, B.S.
Henry P. Davis, B.S.A.
Floyd W. Marlow, B.S.A.
Mrs. Ethel P. Thompson, B.S.
William J. Cowen, B.S.A.
T. R. Townsend, M.Ag.
Larry L. Loadholtz, B.S.A.
Gerald Gray Martin, M.S.
Mrs. Edna E. Eby, B.S.H.E.
Miss Susan May Russell, B.S.
Ernest R. Wheaton, B.S.A.
Mrs. Mary E. Bevis, M.S.H.E.
J. Edsel Thomaston, M.Ag.
Mrs. Virginia C. Clark, B.S.H.E.
Johnnie E. Davis, M.Ag.
Lenzy M. Scott, M.Ag.
Miss Sue Elmore, M.S.
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
(Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914)
Agricultural Extension Service, University of Florida
and United States Department of Agriculture, Cooperating
M. O. Watkins, Director