Leeward Islands - ACT, No. 4 of...
 Antigua - Statutory Rules and Orders,...
 Montserrat - Statutory Rules and...

Title: Leeward Islands gazette
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076863/00241
 Material Information
Title: Leeward Islands gazette
Physical Description: reels. : ;
Creator: Leeward Islands (West Indies)
Publisher: Gov. Printing Office
Place of Publication: Antigua
Publication Date: 1872-
Subject: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Leeward Islands (West Indies)   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1- , 1872-
General Note: Two pages per frame.
General Note: Supplements, issued with some numbers, contain departmental reports, Meteorological registers, ordinances, statutory rules and orders, etc., of Antigua, St. Kitts and Nevis, Montserrat, and the British Virgin Islands.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076863
Volume ID: VID00241
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001724221
notis - AJD6739
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Antigua, Montserrat and Virgin Islands gazette

Table of Contents
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    Leeward Islands - ACT, No. 4 of 1955: Pensions (Amendment) Act, 1955
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    Antigua - Statutory Rules and Orders, No. 3 of 1955: Resolution of the Legislative Council- Abolishing Customs Duty on decorative material imported between the 25th January and 28th February, 1955, for the visit of Her Royal Highness The Princess Margaret
        Page B 1
    Montserrat - Statutory Rules and Orders, No. 7 of 1955: Midwives Rules, 1954
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Full Text
4F a -. U1


G(AZE 1T _

Ilublisbeh bpy lutboritp.


N otices.




WHEREAS by subse
section 25 of the Monts
tution and Elections Ord
-No. 1 of 1952), it is p
the Governor may, at
koclamation, summon,
dissolve the Legislative
the Presidency:

of the said section 25
Ordinance, it is further
the Governor shall dissol
cil at the expiration o0
from the date of the r
first writ at the last prec
election, if it shall no
sooner dissolved:

my proclamation disso
Council on the 10th day

AND all Her Majes
and loving subjects in tl
dency and all others v
concern are hereby req
due notice hereof, an
themselves accordingly.

GIVEN under my I
Government Hous
this 28th day of J1
and in the third
Majesty's reign.

Ref No. 18/00053.

It is hereby notified
information that:-

1. Having regard to
the ship bringing the d
the visit of Her Royal I
Princess MARGARET w
in time, customs duty v
on buntings and decorat
including coloured el
imported between the
and 28th February, 195

2. A resolution to that effect was
passed by the Legislative Council at
at the meeting of the 26th January.
Administrator's Office,
26th January, 1955.
A. 65/7.
Argentins Consular Repre-

CBURNE, With reference to the notice ap-
Governor. peering in Leeward Islands Gazette
No. 57 of the 16th December, 1954,
action (1) of it is notified for general information
errat Consti- that the Exeq uatur empowering
provided that to act as Consul General of the
any time, by Argentine Republic in London, with
prorogue or jurisdiction including United King-
Council of dorn Overseas Territories not already
within the district of an Argentine
ubsection (2) Consular Officer and with jurisdiction
of the said over territory which is within the
rovded a district of the Argentine Consular
provided that Office. at Hong Kong, received Her
lve the Cou- Majesty's signature on the 30th
Three years December, 1954.
return tf the
eding general The Secretariat,
t have been Antigua.
27th January, 1955.
I do by this
Ive the said It is notified for general information
of February, that Mr. CLARENCE JAMES has been
appointed under section 4 of the
Cattle Trespass Ordinance, 1910. as
sty's Officers Keeper of a Public Pound at Picarts
he said Presi- in the Parish of St. Mary as from 7th
'hom it may January, 1955.
uired to take
d to govern Admiistrator.s Office,
26th January, 1955.
land at the A. 50/40.
e, Antigua, No. 12.
january, 1955,
year of Her Appointments and transfers etc.,
in the public service, with effect from
the dates stated, are published for
QUEEN! general information:-
MICHAEL, R. I. E., Junior Clerk,
Audit Office, to be Senior Clerk,
Audit Office. Oct. 29, 1954.
for general
No. 13.
the fact that The following Act and Statutory
ecorations for Rules and Orders are circulated with
highness The this Gazette and form part thereof:-
ill not arrive
ill be waived ACT.
ive materials, Leeward Islands.
ectric bulbs, No. 4 of 1955, The Pensions
25th January (Amendment) Act, 1955."
5. 10 pp. Prioe 12 cents

No. 3 of 1955, Resolution of the
Legislative Council-abolishing Cus-
toms Duty on decorative material
imported between the 25th January
and 28th February, 1955, for the visit
of Her Royal Highness The Princess
Margaret. 1 pp. Price 3 cents
No. 7 of 1954, "The Midwives
Rules, 1954. 7 pp. Price 9 cents

Central Experiment Station.
A ntigua.
1951. 1952. 1953. 1954. 1955.
Jan. 29 3.06 1.59 1.92 2.93 2.16


The Vehicles and Road Traffic
Ordinance, 1946.
By virtue of the powers conferred
on me in section 2 of the Vehicles
and Road Traffic Ordinance, 1946
(No. 5 of 1946), I hereby fix the
period hereunder for the lighting of
Until further notice, the lighting
of vehicles shall be from 6 p.m. to
6 a.m.
Dated this 12th day of January,
E. M. V. JAMES, Lt.-Col.,
Traffic Commissioncr.
Ref. No. 361/00004.


On Thursday, 3rd February, 1955 a
Rehearsal of the Evening Entertain-
ment to be held at Government House
during the visit of Her Royal High-
ness Princess MARGARET will be
carried out. It is, therefore, neces-
sary to make the following Orders:-
No vehicular traffic of any descrip-
tion will be allowed to travel or park
on any of the roads around Govern-
ment House, viz.
East Street, between Long Street
and the Parham Road,
Bishopgate Street, between Cross
Street and the Coronation Road,
Cross Street, between St. John's
Street and Long Street,
Church Street, between Cross Street
and East Street between the hours of
8 p.m. and 11 p.m.

t 2if~

No. 6.



Persons attending this function in
cars are requested to park them on
the AV.C.C. Grounds.

E. M. V. JAMES, Lt. Col.,
Traffic Commissioner.

24th January, 1955.
Ref. No. 36/0004.

On Monday, 7th February, 1955 at
10.30 a.m. there will be a Rehearsal of
of the Youth Rally which will be
held during the visit of Her Royal
Highness Princess Margaret on the
A. C. C. Grounds. It is therefore
necessary to make the following

Closing of Roads and Parking
of Cars.
From 10 a.m. until the end of the
programme, no traffic will be allowed
to travel or park on East Street,
between Long Street and the Parham
No parking will be allowed on the
Factory Road, between East Street
and the Coronation Road.
No vehicular traffic will be allowed
on the Coronation Road west of the
Members of the public attending
the Youth Rally will park their cars
on the grounds of the St. John's
Boys' School.
Vehicles from Government House
will travel through the North-west
Gate, turn right West of the Pavilion
and proceed to the Royal Dias.
E. M. V. JAMES, Lt.-Col.,
Traffic Commissioner.
Ref. No. 36/00004.

University College Hospital of
the West Indies.
Applications are invited for the
post of Registrar in the Division of
Medicine at the above-named teach-
ing hospital which is in special
relationship with the University of
London. High r qualifications desir-
able lut not essential. The success-
ful candidate n ill be required to be
in Jamaica as early as possible after
The appointment will be for one
year in the first instance, subject to
renewal. Salary is payable within
the scale 800X 100-1,000/1,100
x 100-1,400 per annum, depend-
ing on experience and qualifications.
Single accommodation and board,
or a limited number of unfurnished
flats for unmarried or married officers,
are provided at a deduction of 125
per annum or 5% of salary, respect-
ively. Return first class passage by
sea will be paid for one person only.
Further information may be ob-
tained from the Hospital Manager
and Secretary, University College
Hospital, Mo na P. 0., Jamaica,
B. W. I., to whom applications stating
age, nationality and details of qualifi-
cations and experience, together with

three recent testimonials or the
names and addresses of three
referees, should be sent by the 28th
of February. 1955.

University College Hospital of
the West Indies.
Applications are invited for two
posts of Registrar or Senior Registrar
in the division of Surgery at the
above-named teaching hospital which
is in special relationship with the
University of London. Applicants
should possess a higher qualification
in Surgery. The successful candi-
dates will be required to assume
duties as soon as possible after the
15th of March and the 1st of June,
The appointments will each be for
one year in the first instance, subject
to renewal. Salary is payable within
the scale 800x100-1,000/1,100
x100--1,400 per annum, depend-
ing on experience and qualifications.
Single accommodation and board for
a limited number of unfurnished
flats for unmarried or married offi-
cers, are provided at a deduction
of 125 per annum or 5% of salary,
respectively. Return first class pas-
sage by sea will be paid for one
person only in each case.
Further information may be ob-
tained from the Hospital Manager
and Secretary, University College
Hospital, Mona P. O., Jamaica,
B.W.I., to whom applications stating
age, nationality and details of qualifi-
cations and experience, together with
three recent testimonials or the names
and addresses of three referees, should
be sent by the 28th of February,

University College Hospital of
the West Indies.
Applications are invited for the
post of Senior Registrar in the
department of Diagnostic Radiology
at th. above-named teaching Hospital
whic;i is in special relationship
with the University of London.
Preference will be given to candi-
dates holding a diploma in diagnostic
The appointment will be for one
year in the first instance, subject to
renewal. Salary will be in the scale
1,000 x100-1,400 per annum,
depending on experience and qualifi-
cations. Single accommodation and
board or a limited number of
unfurnished flats for unmarried or
married officers, are provided at a
deduction of 125 per annum or 5%
of salary, respectively. Return first
class passages by sea will be paid
for one person only.
Further information may be ob-
tained from the Hospital Manager
and Secretary, University College
Hospital, Mona P. O., Jamaica,
B,W. I., to whom applications stating
age, nationality and details of qualifi-
cations and experience, together with
three recent testimonials or the
names and addresses of three

referees and including the approxi-
mate date on which the candidate
could become available, should be
sent by the 28th of February, 1955.

Vacancy for Assistant Attorney
General, British Honduras.

Applications are invited for the
post of Assistant Attorney General,
British Honduras, which will fall
vacant about the middle of 1955.
2. The duties of this post are:-
(1) To prosecute for the
Crown in the Courts of the
Colony and to appear for the
Government in civil proceedings;
(2) To act as legal adviser to
Government, as directed by the
Attorney General;
(3) To draft or assist in draft-
ing the laws of the Colony;
(4) To perform any other duty
and render any further assistance
to the Attorney General as may
be directed.
3. The qualifications required are
those of a Barrister-at-Law with at
least four years' practical experience.
4. The post is on the permanent
and pensionable establishment and
carries a salary in the scale of
$3,120- 120 3,600 150 3.900 E. B.
$4,050-150-4,200. ($4 B.H.=1 Ster-
ling). The point of entry to the
scale will depend on the qualifications
and experience of the successful
5. Except in the case of officers
confirmed in their appointments with
other Governments, the appointment
will be on probation for two years in
the first instance. The successful
candidate will be required to produce
a medical certificate of fitness, and
will be subject to Colonial Regulations
and to local General Orders.
6. Free passages will be provided
on first appointment and on leave
for the officer and his family,
not exceeding four persons in all.
Leave with full salary is at the rate of
five days for each completPd month
of resident service, with a maximum
of 180 days. The length of a tour is
2 to 3 years. Free passages on leave
are provided for the officer and his
wife, subject to the provision of funds
annually by the Legislative Assembly.
When travelling on duty a subsistence
allowance of $2.50 a day for the first
six days, $2.00 a day after the first six
days, and $1.75 a (lay after the first
thirty days, is paid.
7. Free quarters are not provided.
But, if Government quarters are
allocated to the officer, rental is pay-
able at the rate of 74% of salary and
the basic heavy furniture is provided
at an annual rental of 6% of its total
8. Income Tax is payable in
accordance with local legislation.
9. Applications, containing full
particulars, should be addressed to the
Colonial Secretary, Belize, British
Honduras, to reach him as soon as
possible and in any event not later
than the 28th February, 1955.
Ref. No. 13/00004-II.

[3 February, 1955.

3 February, 195,.] THE LEEWARD ISLANDS GAZETTE. 19


Civil Jurisdiction.
Suit No. 33 of 1954.


Before: DATE J.
E. E. HARNEY and J. R. HENRY for Plaintiff.
C. E. FRANCIS for Defendant.


This is an action in detinue in which numerous questions have been raised, some of them quite insubstan-
tial. The simplest course in the circumstances might be to begin my judgment by setting out the material pleadings.
They are as follows:-
Statement of Claim.
The plaintiff is the tenant of premises at 37, St. Mary's Street in the City of Saint John in the Island of
Antigua. The defendant is the owner of the said premises and the landlord of the plaintiff.
From the 5th day of July, 1954, the defendant has been in possession of the said premises but the
plaintiff has been entitled to possession.

On the 7th day of July, 1954, and on several occasions following, the plaintiff has demanded possession
of the said premises and his goods and chattels therein but the defendant has refused to deliver them up. In
particular, on the 3rd day of Angust, 1954, the plaintiff demanded possession of the said premises and his chattels
and the defendant has not delivered them up.
The plaintiff claims a return of his goods and chattels, viz.,
(1) Display case and compressor
(2) 1 H.P. Compressor
(3) 1 Blower-Condenser Unit
(4) 2 Sets Butcher Cutlery
(5) 1 Meat Grinder
(6) 2 Moro Wood Cutting Tables
(7) 1 Walk-in Refrigerator Unit and Accessories
(8) 1 Adding Machine
(9) 1 Food Safe
(10) Books, papers etc.
(11) Sundry Domestic articles

or their value. The plaintiff claims damages for their detention.

The defendant LESLIE ALFRED THOMPSON for his defence herein:
1. From the 15th day of February, 1954, and up to the present time the plaintiff became the defendant's
tenant of the premises at 37 St. Mary's Street, in the City of Saint John, in the Island of Antigua, at a monthly
rental of Sixty dollars ($60 00),
2. The defendant denies the allegations in the unnumbered paragraphs 2 and 3 of the Statement of Claim.

3. Up until 31st July, 1954, the plaintiff had not paid any rents in respect of the said premises which
arrears then amounted to $3C0.00,
4, On Sunday 4th July, 1954, all the plaintiff's goods and fixtures were being removed from the premises
in the absence of the plaintiff and on the instance of the plaintiff and his Solicitor the keys of the premises were
voluntarily handed over to the defendant's Solicitor by the plaintiff's Solicitor.
5. Thereafter the plaintiff by his servants and agents had access to the premises and his goods and chattels
at all times on request to the defendant or his Solicitor.
6. The defendant claims that at all material times he had a lien on the goods for which the defendant was
and is entitled for rentals in respect of the said premises due to him by the plaintiff.
7. On or about 21st July, 1954, the defendant and his Solicitor visited the plaintiff in another place. They
discussed the tenancy and the plaintiff promised to inform the defendant concerning the continuance of the
tenancy after a few days.

8. By letter dated 30th July, 1954, the plaintiff forwarded the defendant a cheque for $360.00 in respect
of rentals of the said premises. The plaintiff informed defendant that the plaintiff's Solicitor had full permission
to dispose of his goods and to use the proceeds to liquidate his debts.

20 THE LEEWARD ISLANDS GAZETTE. [3 February, 1955.
9. It was agreed between the plaintiff and the defendant that if rent was in arrears for twenty one days and
that if he should make any assignment or benefit of his creditors or entered into any agreement or make any arrange-
ment with his creditors for the liquidation of his debts by composition or otherwise then it would be lawful for the
defendant to enter and determine the tenancy forthwith.
10. The defendant never at any time or at all refused to deliver the goods and chattels of the plaintiff.
11. By letter dated 31st July, 1954, delivered to the plaintiff's Solicitor on 3rd August, 1954, the defendant
expressed his willingness to determine the tenancy, called attention to indebtedness to him in the sum of $431.06 and
offered to deliver the chattels on payment of this debt.

12. The plaintiff has not paid the said indebtedness or made any demands in respect of the said chattels.
13. The defendant says that the item claimed in (7) of paragraph 4 of the Statement of Claim and its
accessories is a landlord fixture and as such the property of the defendant.

Counterclaim of Defendant Leslie Alfred Thompson.
14. The defendant Counterclaims herein for:

(1) $120.00 arrears of rent due under the said tenancy as at 15th September, 1954.
(2) Mesne profits.
(3) $200.00 being the estimated cost of leaving the said premises in tenantable repair.
(4) $171.06 being due to the defendant by the plaintiff for goods sold and delivered up until 26th
June, 1954.
Reply and Defence to Counterclaim.
1. The plaintiff joins issue with the defendant on his defence herein.
2. As to the Counterclaim the plaintiff:-

(a) Denies owing $120.00 arrears of rent or any other sum.
(b) Denies owing mesne profits.
(c) Says that the plaintiff has improved the premises considerably and that he offered to repaint any
names or lettering printed on the said premises and to replaster any portions of the walls or floor. The
plaintiff says that $200 is excessive for this purpose.
(d) Admits owing $171.06 and has always admitted this debt but says that the refusal of the defendant
to release his goods has prevented him from settling same.
The evidence led at the trial shows that it was only the ground floor of No. 37 St. Mary's Street that was
rented to the plaintiff and that the rental was, as stated by the defendant, $60 a month, payable in advance. Even
before the plaintiff entered into possession on 15th February, 1954, negotiations for a five-year lease between the
defendant of the one part and the plaintiff and Frank Benevides of the other, were commenced. A draft lease was
prepared and its terms were discussed, but no lease was ever executed as the parties were never ad idem on certain
essentials. The only tenancy that ever existed between the plaintiff and the defendant was a monthly one, wholly
independent of and in no way affected by the terms and conditions contained in the draft lease.
Previous to the plaintiff's occupation, the entire ground floor of the building comprised one large room, with
shelves only; from time to time it was rented to travelling agents for displaying their goods.
On entering into possession the plaintiff, with the defendant's consent, effected various minor repairs, con-
structed partitions, installed a bath, lavatory and wash basin, and altogether spent about $930 in making one section
of the building fit for living purpose s and the remainder suitable for a Modern Meats business which he and
Benevides were about to establish. Among the things installed were the articles which now form the subject-
matter of the plaintiff's claim. The plaintiff has valued them, excluding the meat grinder about which no evidence
was given, at $6705; I see no reason for rejecting his valuation.
Before the business commence,4 operations Benevides left the Island and, for reasons unconnected with this
case, the plaintiff was arrested and extradited. The arrest was effected on 3rd July, 1954. the plaintiff thereafter
remaining in police custody until his removal from the Island in October.
Upon lIis arrest the plaintiff gave John Rowan Henry, his Solicitor, the keys to the St. Mary's Street prem-
ises, with certain instructions. On 4th July the plaintiff further gave Mr. Henry a document authorising him to
deliver some of the articles in the premises to certain named persons. After carrying out these instructions on 4th
July Mr. Henry, that same day, handed over the keys to Mr. C. E. Francis, the defendant's Solicitor, it having been
agreed that it would in the circumstances be better for the latter, as solicitor for the landlord, to hold the keys. All
the articles listed in the fourth paragraph of the plaintiff's Statement of Claim, with the exception of the meat grinder,
were then in the premises.
On 6th July, 1954, the plaintiff executed an authorisation to one Mr. Bill Wyre and Mr. Henry in the
following terms: to liquidate any and all equipment owned by me and kept at 37 St. Mary's Street, the proceeds
of which shall be used for the payment of my debts." In a footnote to the document the plaintiff appended a list
of his debts, which included the sum of $300, being five months rent due to the defendant from 15th February to
15th July, 1954.
Disputes have arisen as to what took place subsequent to the execution of this document. I am satisfied
that the account given by the plaintiff and Mr. Henry is correct, and that the defendant and his solicitor repeatedly
refused to give Mr. Henry the keys of the premises to enable removal of the plaintiff's belongings-that, notwith-
standing Mr. Henry's undertaking that a bill for $171.06 for shop goods sold and delivered by the defendant to the
plaintiff would also be settled from the proceeds of the sale of the plaintiff's property.
Towards the end of July the defendant and his solicitor visited the plaintiff at H.M. Prison. The defendant
expressed willingness to allow the plaintiff to continue the tenancy if the latter regained his liberty but refused to
rent to anyone else or to permit the plaintiff to sublet or employ anyone to run the business.

3 February, 1955.] THE LEEWARD ISLANDS GAZETTE. 21

On the 28th of July the defendant assured Mr. Henry that he wished the plaintiff to have the things in the
premises but said that Mr. Henry should first find a purchaser for some of them and bring that person to him to con-
clude arrangements. It was agreed that should Mr. Henry produce such a purchaser the tenancy would be terminated.
On the 29th, in accordance with arrangements made beforehand, the defendant, Mr. Francis, Mr. Henry and two
prospective purchasers met at the premises, which were opened. When prices were being discussed Mr. Francis
suddenly announced that there would be no sale of a single item, nor would anything be allowed to be removed; and
the defendant stated that he would have to follow his solicitor's advice. It would seem that at this stage it was
being suggested by the defendant and his solicitor that the walk-in refrigerator box was a landlord fixture and formed
part of the premises.

On 30th July the plaintiff sent the defendant a cheque for $360 in payment of rental from the 15th day of
February, 1954, to the 15th day of August. 1954 ". In a postscript he said, "I think you ought to know Mr.
Thompson that the walk-in refrigerated box is not a fixture of the property in that it is in no way connected to the
buildings walls, ceiling or floor." By letter to the plaintiff's solicitor dated 31st July, Mr. Francis acknowledged the
receipt of the plaintiff's letter and cheque; he added: Mr. Tosch's letter says that you have full permission to
dispose of his goods and to use the proceeds to liquidate his debts. It is inferred therefore, that the tenancy will be
terminated. My client is agreeable to this and wishes this as speedily as possible. It must be pointed out however,
that even at this stage he is entitled to a month's rent in lieu of notice that is the further sum of $60. It must also
be pointed out that the further sum of $171.01 is due to his store (a copy of bill in respect of this indebtedness has
been supplied you). In accordance with the agreed terms of the lease my client is entitled to have the place left in
good repair and it is estimated that considerable expense will be involved in conditioning this place for occupancy,
other than that of a food shop. My client suggests that the figure of $200 will not be excessive for this. It will
therefore be seen that the balance due my client even upon immediate liquidation would be $431.06. The postscript
in Mr. Tosch's letter says that the walk-in refrigerated box is not a fixture (i.e. a landlord fixture). This statement is
certainly not seriously advanced. My client in view of his indebtedness to him asks that he be given a first option to
purchase the unit in the refrigerated box and on adjustment of any difference between the value of this unit and his
claim he will be only too willing to release all the remainder of the goods to you."
On 2nd August Mr. Henry went to the defendant and again demanded the keys of the premises, now that
the defendant had received the rent due. The defendant's reply was that he would have to consult Mr. Francis first.
On the 3rd of August Mr. Henry returned to the defendant and again demanded the keys, pointing out that the period
for which the plaintiff could be kept in custody in Antigua prior to the making of an extradition order was about to
expire; on receiving the same specious reply as on the 2nd, Mr. Henry delivered an ultimatum, giving the defendant
up to 4 o'clock that afternoon to hand over the keys. The following day, the keys not having been handed over, the
writ was issued.
This is a convenient stage at which to dispose of certain portions of the pleadings which present little or no
difficulty on the evidence before the Court. It is, I think, quite sufficient for me to say, without going any further,
that my findings in regard to paragraphs 2, 5, 9 and 10 of the Defence are entirely against the defendant.
As regards paragraph 1 of the Defence an I paragraph 14 (1) and (2) of the Counterclaim, and the plaintiff's
reply to these two parggriaphs, I consider that the plaintiff's tenancy of the prPmises must be deemed to have termi-
nated on 15th August, 1954. That was implicit in the agreement made between Mr. Henry and the defendant on
28th July, and the former fulfilled his part of the arrangement. It was only after that that questions were raised
about the payment of further rent.
Aa to paragraph 6 of the Defence, it is evident that upon the receipt by the defendant of $360 on the 30th or
31st July, 1954, any lien for rent to which lie might previously have been entitled ceased to exist, and that was the
position when Mr. Henry unsuccessfully made the final demands on 2nd and 3rd August. It is particularly upon this
last demand that the plaintiff's claim is grounded.
The bulk of the argument at the trial centred around items (1), (2), (3) and (7) of the plaintiff's claim, valued
at $1,225, $422, $388 and $4,000, respectively. Special attention was given to these items when the Court visited
the locus in quo, and since that inspection further evidence has been taken and learned counsel for the plaintiff and
defendant have submitted an agreed report dated 17th January. 1955, (marked Exhibit E) by Mr. I. D. C. Imbert, B.E.
The display ciso and compressors which constitute items (1) and (2) are not affixed to any part of the
premises. The compressors are bolted to wooden supports, which are otherwise resting freely on the floor, as does
the display case.
What is referred to in item (7) as the walk-in refrigerator is a large, heavy box, with external dimensions
16 ft. 4 in. x 10 ft. 4 in. x 8 ft. 4 in. and internal dimensions 15 ft. x 9 ft. x 7 ft. The difference is accounted for by
thick wooden walls filled with megass for purposes of insulation. The box was constructed in situ and rests freely
on the floor beneath. Its roof rests freely against tlh floor joists immediately above it. The upper portion of its
northern wall is connected to a false ceiling which was installed by the plaintiff after the box was built. This sub-
ceiling is, in turn, connected by ordinary nails to the main floor joists immediately above it. Along the upper portion
of the northern wall of the box four 2 in. x 3 in. uprights extend to the floor joists and are attached by nails. At the
top of the west wall is nailed some fly-wire which is, in turn, nailed to the floor immediately above. Apart from a
connection made with ordinary nails at the south-western corner, the southern and eastern walls of the box are free
along all their edges.
The 1 h.p. compressor-item (2)-is connected to the walk-in refrigerator by a copper tube.
The blower-condenser unit--item (3)-is actually in the walk-in refrigerator, and is bolted through small
channel irons to the roof of the refrigerator.
It was contended by counsel for the defendant that these four items are landlord's fixtures and as such the
property of the defendant; alternatively, if they are not lI:dlord's fixtures, they are tenant's fixtures and cannot, until
severed from the freehold, be the subject-matter of detinue. Thle tirst limb of the submission was not urged with any
degree of force or conviction. To support the second limb, counsel cited the following passage from Halsbury's Laws
of England (Hailsham edition) vol. 33 para. 83: The subject-matter of trover and detinue must be specific personal
property.............Neither trnver nor detinue will lie for fixtures which are attached to the freehold; but trover or
detinue lies for fixtures, timber, crops, soil, and minerals after such things have been severed from the freehold."

22 THE LEEWARD ISLANDS GAZETTE. [3 February, 1955.

Reference was also made to a similar passage in Clerk and Lindsell on Torts (tenth edition) at p. 439, and to the case of
Mackintosh v. Trotter and others (1838), 150 E. R. 1108, 1109, in which Parke B., referring to tenant's fixtures,
said: "..............the tenant has the right to remove fixtures of this nature during his term, or during what may, for
this purpose, be considered as an excrescence on the term; but.............they are not goods and chattels at all, but
parcel of the freehold, and as such not recoverable in trover."
In considering this matter it is important to have a clear understanding of what is really intended by the
unscientific expression tenant's fixtures." It is not everything which is attached to land or to a building on land
that becomes a fixture in law; and the expression "tenant's fixtures should not be taken to mean any and everything
attached to realty which is removable by a tenant; it relates only to annexations which amount to fixtures but which
the law, for certain well defined reasons (e.g. the encouragement of trade), allows the tenant to remove before the
expiration of his term. It is these removable fixtures (if one may so put it) that are commonly called tenant's fixtures.
Clearly, therefore, the first and vital question in this case is whether the things claimed by the plaintiff or any of them
are fixtures in the true legal sense.
The law on this subject is admirably summarised in Cheshire's Modern Real Property (1954 edition) at
pp. 100-102, as follows:-

"The primary meaning from a historical point of view of "fixtures" is chattels which are so affixed
to land or to a building on land as to become in fact part thereof. Chattels so fixed lose the character of
chattels and pass with the ownership of the land, for the maxim of the law is, quicquid plantatur solo,
solo cedit.
This question whether a chattel has been so affixed to land as to become part of it is sometimes
exceedingly difficult to answer. It is a question of law for the judge, but the decision in one case is no
sure guide in another, for everything turns upon the circumstances and mainly, though not decisively,
upon two particular circumstances, namely, the degree of annexation and the object of annexation
.....................The general rule is that a chattel is not deemed to be so annexed to land as to become a
fixture unless it is actually fastened to or connected with the land or building. Mere juxtaposition or
the laying of an article, however heavy, upon the land dos not prima facie make it a fixture, even
though it subsequently sinks into the ground. Examples are a Dutch barn, consisting of a roof resting
upon wooden uprights, the uprights being made to lie upon brick columns let into the ground; or a
printing machine weighing several tons, standing on the floor and secured by its own weight. The case
is the same if the posts which support the roof of a corrugated iron building are not embedded in the
concrete floor, but are held in position by iron strips fixed into the floor. The concrete foundation,
which is of course a fixture, is regarded as a separate unit from the superstructure. Again, a printing
machine which stands by its own weight upon the floor is not a fixture, even though the driving
apparatus is attached to the building at certain points. On the other hand a chattel that is attached to
land, however slightly, is prima face to be deemed a fixture. Thus, a verandah connected with a house
is a fixture, as also are doors, windows, chimneypieces, ovens and other similar things.

Nevertheless the extent of annexation is not a decisive test.
"Perhaps the true rule is, that articles not attached to the land otherwise than by their own weight
are not to be considered as part of the land, unless the circumstances are such as to show that they
were intended to be part of the land, the onus of showing that they were so intended lying on those
"who assert that they have ceased to be chattels; and that, on the contrary, an article which is affixed to
"the land even slightly is to be considered as part of the land, unless the circumstances are such as to
show that it was intended all along to continue a chattel, the onus lying on those who contend that
it is a chattel."

It is for this reason that the second consideration mentioned above is material, namely, the.........Object of
Annexation. The test here is to ascertain whether the chattel has been fixed for its more convenient use as a
chattel, or for the more convenient use of the land or building. For example, stones laid one upon another
without any mortar for the purpose of forming a wall become fixtures, but if stones are deposited in a builder's
yard and for the sake of convenience stacked one on top of another they are not fixtures. Again, a compara-
tively durable method of affixation will not render a chattel a fixture, if the method of annexation is necessary
to its proper enjoyment as a chattel. Thus in the well-known case of Leigh v. Tayolor: A tenant for life, the
owner of some valuable tapestry, laid strips of wood over the drawing-room 1 aper and fixed them to the
walls with two-inch nails. Canvas was stretched over these strips, and the tapestry was fastened by tacks to the
strips. It was held that the tapestry had not become a fixture. Vaughan Williams, L. J., said:

"In my judgment it is obvious that everything which was done here can be accounted for as being
absolutely necessary for the enjoyment of the tapestry, and when one arrives at that conclusion there
is an end of the case.'
In the matter now before me it is abundantly clear from the method and d-'ree, of annexation, the oral
evidence given at the trial, and thl circumstances generally, including the value of the articles in question, that there
never was the slightest intention on the part of the plaintiff that any of them should become part of the building;
and I am not persuaded that even the possibility of this being the case was contemplate d by the defendant until the
plaintiff was arrested and his extradition became imminent; at this stage delaying tactics of a most obvious character
were employed in respect of the delivery of all the articles then in the premises.

I am satisfied that the things claimed by the plaintiff were installed for a purely temporary purpose; such
annexation as there was, was solely for their mre convenient use as chattels in the course of the plaintiff's new
venture, the only one of its kind in Antigua. It would be a very simple matter indeed to disconnect the refrigerator
box (and also the false ceiling, if desired) from the main building without leaving marks which could not be
obliterated. It is evident that the work was done in a manner which would permit of such disconnection; and
although the box would have to b- taken to pieces to get it out of the premises, it could be put together in the same
form elsewhere.

C ) U

3 February, 1955.]


In my opinion none of tch articles claimed is a fixture. I might add that had I reached a different conclu-
sion on this point, and had non-severance of the articles or of any of them been deemed relevant to the determination
of this case, I should have felt obliged to hold that it was not open to one who deliberately and wrongfully prevented
severance (as did the defendant) to take advantage of such non-severance. He who prevents a thing from being
done shall not avail himself of the non-perforinance he has occasioned."

The def-r dant's Counterclaim cain now he dealt with in a few words. The debt for shop goods is admitted;
it follows from what I have alr.-ad., said about the termination of the tenancy that the defendant is not entitled to
any further sum either by way of rent or mesne profits: he must however he paid the sum of $200, the estimated
cost of restoring the premises to their former shape and use, to which lie is entitled although they have been
improved substantially for general use; despite paragraph 2 (c) of the Reply and Defence to Counterclaim the
plaintiff in his evidence said he would accept this estimate ; it impressed me as being a rather generous gesture having
regard to the evidence as a whole, including my own observations.

On the Claim there will b, judgment for the plaintiff, with costs, and the defendant must deliver up to the
plaintiff all the articles claimed, except th- meat grinder, such delivery to be effected between the 27th day of
January and the 11th day of February, 1955, both dates inclusive, during which period the plaintiff, his servants and
agents (including John Rowan Henry) shall be permitted access to the premises at all reasonable hours for the
purpose of taking delivery of and removing the articles in question; failing which, the defendant must pay to the
plaintiff the sum of $6,705, the value of the goods and chattels.

On the Counterclaim there will be judgment for the defendant for $371.06, made up as follows:-

Restoration of premises
Goods sold and delivered



The plaintiff must also pay one-half of the defendant's costs on the Counterclaim.

Puisne Judge.

27th January, 1955.

Revised list of persons registered under the Midwives Ordinance No. 7 of 1951, for the
Presidency of Montserrat, as at 15th January, 1955.


1. (3)
2. (9)
3. (16)
4. (24)
5. (29)
6. (4)
7. (5)
8. (13)
;9. (23)
10. (1)
11. (11)
12. (7)
13. (25)
14. (28)
15. (22)
16. (10)
17. (20)
18. (27)
19. (18)
20. (19)
21. (17)
22. (31)
23. (11)
24. (14)
25. (15)
26. (21)
27. (12)
28. (8)
29. (2)
30. (30)


Allen, Clenmence Mary Elizabeth
Barzey, Catherine (Mrs) (nee Ryan)
Bramble, Elizabeth
Buffong, Catherine
Browne, Diana
Cadogan, Lilian (Mis)
Clarke, Kathleen (Left Island)
Clarke, Catherine
Cooper. Mary (Mrs) (nee Osborne)
Edwards, Winifred
Fenton Charlottee
Frewmn. Beryl Geraldine (nee Shoy) (Left Island)
Greenaway, Leonore Adina (Mrs)
Greenaway, Mary (Mrs)
Frith. Catherine (Mrs) (nee Buffong)
Griffith, Doris (Mrs) (nee Williams)
Griffith, Edith (Mrs)
Isles, Elloanor Teresa (Left Island)
Lee, Mary Susannah Gordon
Philli p. Vera Nelitha
Piper. Verna (Mrs) (nee Gooding) (Left Island)
Ponde. Rosie
Richardson, Ina (Left Island)
Roache, Katherine
Straker, Catherine
Tuitt. Rosanna
Wade, Catherine
Warner, Susan (Mrs) (nee Allen)
White, Sarah (Mrs)
Wyke, Elizabeth (Mrs) (nee Allen)


Glendon Hospital
Cork Hill
Glendon Hospital
St. George's Hill
Baker Hill
Glendon Hospital
St. Patricks
St. Johns
St. Johns
Glendon Hospital
Glendon Hospital
Glendon Hospital
Glendon Hospital
Glendon Hospital
St. Peters
Cork Hill

Secretary, M.iidwives Board.


Notice is hereby given that the Court of Summary Jurisdiction of the Leeward Islands will
sit at the Court House in the City of Saint John in the Island of Antigua at 9.30 o'clock in the
forenoon of the undermentioned days for the purpose of hearing the undermentioned causes or matters.

Monday 24th January, 1955
George W. Bennett Bryson & Co. Laurel Meade
Walter Lewis Hubeir Philip
Aubrey Challenger John Vieira
Arnold Jarvis Naomi Henry &

George Francis
Samuel Philp

2S/1954 Hezekiah Charles
33/1954 Manassah Josiah

Ruby Versailles
Ruby Versailles


Enoch Pelle

Tuesday 25th January, 1955
George Gordon
Lucy Williams
Wednesday 26th January, 1955
Christopher Roberts
John Henr\
Thursday 27th January, 1955
Kitchener Dowe
Kitchener Dowe

George W. Bennett Bryson & Co.
Albert Quelch and Edith Quelch
Emelia Black

Samuel Joseph
Eunice Ladoo

Theresa Frederick
Oscar Hunte

40/1954 Almeda Roberts
50/1954 Cyril Burton

Elfreda Peters
Margaret Thomas

Cassandra Turner

Joseph Frederick

Mary Lambert
Clyde Francis
Charles Willia'ms
Dennis Edwards

Joseph Benjamin
Charles Edwards

Viola Joshua

Christiana Joseph

Walter Jarvis

31st January, 1955
Herman Lewis
Dorothy Agatha Joseph and Naomi Joseph
Warneford Emanuel and Virginia Emanuel

Tuesday 1st February, 1955
Robert lBascus
Kitcheni!:r Dowe
Wednesday 2nd February, 1955
William Matthew
John Henry and Solomon Henry and Mary Henry
Thursday 3rd February, 1955
Paul Robinson
Frances Greene & Steven Greenu &. Audry Greene
Monday 7th February, 1955
Raymond Stevens
Velma Morrissey and H ubert Kirby
Tuesday 8th February, 1955
John Turner
Wednesday 9th February, 1955
George !i.\ yards
Thursday 10th February, 1955
Enoch Elvin
Edith Ambrose
Thursday 17th February, 1955
Robert McDonald
Margaret Tuitt & Maurice Edwards,
Oscar Lewis & Thomas Weekes
Friday 18th February, 1955
.I;unes Samuel
Joseph A. Davis and Leonard Davis
Monday 21st February, 1955
Olive iJcohs & Irene J:aobs,
Cyril Jacobs & Christophine Benjamin
Winston Joseph and Maurice Joseph
Tuesday 22nd February, 1955
Kitchener Dowe

Printed at the Government Printing Office. Leeward Islands, by E. M. BLAOKMAN,
Government Printer.-By Aut.hority
f 9 5.ri

















[3 Fetbruary, 1955.

[Prioe 34 cents.]

No. of 1955. Pensions (Amend enl.) LEEWARD

Ist Felbruary, 1955.


No. 4 of 1955.

An Act to minend further the Pensions Act, 1947.
ENACTED by the Legislature of the Lee-
ward Islands.
1. This Act may be cited as the Pensions Short title.
(Amendment) Act, 1955, and shall be read as one
with the Pensions Act, I1947, as amended, herein- 12/1917.
after called the Principal Act. 7/195
2. Section 2 of the Principal Act is hereby Amendment
of section 2
amended as follows:- of thection 2
cipal Act.
(a) by the substitution of the words
Her Majesty's for the words Her
Maj ..ry in the twenty-fifth line of the
definitilj. of public service in subsection
(1) thereof;

(b) by the substitution of the following
subsection for subsection (2) thereof-
"(2) Where the services of an
officer shall have been wholly under the
Government of a Presidency, the powers
vested in the Governor by this Act shall
be :ex.rci.,t d, unless the Governor in any
particular case otherwise directs, by the
officer for the time beiin administering
the governmentt of that Presidency.";


P"? i'*'ds' (Am~ JmbloW)Ot

(c) by the insertion after subsection (3)
of the following subseetion--

(4) The power vested in the
Governor in Council under subsection (1)
of this section to make an Order declaring
an office to be a pensionable office may, in
the case of an office which is wholly
under the Government of a Presidency,
be exercised by the officer for the time
being adminisntering the Government of
that Presidency with the advice of the
Executive Council of such Presidency.".

Insertion of 3. After section 9 of the Principal Act the
new section following section shall be inserted:-
in che Prin-
cipal Act.
'T ncreasein 9A. Subject to the provisions of this
pension in
cases of retire- Act and of the Regulations contained in the
mient for ill First Schedule thereto, every officer holding a
health with n
more than ten pensionable office in the Colony who has been
but less than in the service of the (Colony in a civil capacity
twenty sears "
service', for (more than teln but less than twenly years,
and who retires from the said service ini the
circumstances mentioned in parliragaphl (e) of
section (i of this Act may, on retirement, )e
granted a pension as if his pensionable service
had been twenty years.".

Substitution 4. The following sections are hereby sub-
laed7ofi i e stituted for sections 16 and 17 of the Principal
Principal Act. Act:-

"' 4ratnity
where officer
dies in tlo
service or
after retire-

16. (1) (a) Where an officer holding a
pensionable office who is not on probttio or
agreement, or an officer holding a non-
pensionable office to which he hlis bIeen
transferred from a pensionible office in which
he has been confirmed, lies while in tie
service of the Colony, it shall be lawful for
the Governor to grant to his legal personal
representative a gratuity of an amount not
exceeding either his annual pensionrble (emol-
uments, or his commuted pension gratuity, if
any, whichever is the greater.



Nio. 4 )f 1i5,-'.

No. 4 of 1955. Pensions (Aimwm.-ent) 3 LEI.WALD
(h) For the purposes of this subsection-

(i) annual pensionable emolu-
ments mneanm the enioluments
which would be taken for the
purpose of computing any pen-
sion ol gratuity granted to the
officer if he had retired at the
date of his death in the circum-
stances described in paragraph
(e) of section 6 of this Act;

(ii) "commuted pension gratuity "
means the gratuity, if any,
which might have been granted
to thle officer under regulation
24 of tlhe Schedule to this Act
if his public: service hadu been
wholly in the Colony and if he
had retired at the (late of his
death in the circumstallces des-
cribed in paragraph (e) of sec-
tion 6 of this Act and had
elected to receive a gratuity and
reduced pension.

(2) Where any such officer to whom a
pension, gratuity or other allowance has been
granted under this Act dies after retiin-( ilt
fram the serNice of th olony, and the sums
paid or payable to him at his death ont account
of an pension, gratuity w o their allowance in
respect of iny piulic service are less than the
amount of ;he ;tiinuil pensionable emohlunents
enjoyd bv him at the idWte of his retirement,
it shnl be lawful for the Go,erno r to grant to
his h-gal personal repr(sent:tive a gratuity
'(jtual to the deficiency.

(3) The provisions of this section shall
1it apply iln 1l cas' of tlhe d ith of tiany
)Tlicer whr:e )iwtihs corresponding to the
benefits which may 1e graIted uI.i(der tihit
seectionll cre payablde under the fnlnial Super
Mniiutitii Scheme in re-spect tof s, Is death,

LEEWARD 4 Pensions (Amendment) No. 4 of 1955.

(4) Notwithstanding the provisions con-
tained in subsections (1) and (2) of this
section the Governor may in any case where
the amount of the gratuity payable thereunder
does not exceed the sum of four hundred and
eighty dollars, dispense with the production of
probate or letters of administration and cause
tlie gratuity to be paid to the delpendant or
defendants of the officer andr, where there is
more than one such dependent, may divide the
gratuity among the dependants in such pro-
portion as he may think fit.

Pensions to 17. (1) Where an officer dies-
when an / \ lieharg 1
woficer dies as (') in the actual discharge of his
a result of duty by some injury specifically attribu-
injuries re-
ceived ,o table to the nature of his duty which is
disease con- not whollly or mainly due to, or seriously
traced in the
discharge of aggravated by, his own serious and cul-
his duties. pable negligence or misconduct; or

(b) as a result of contracting a
disease to which he is specifically exposed
iv tle nature of his duty, not being a
,disease xxhill or mainly due to, or
seriously aggravated by, his own serious
and culpable negligence or misconduct,

while in the service of the (G government of the
Colony, and such death occurs within seven
years of the date of the injury or contracting
the disease, it shall be lawful for the Governor
to 'r:mt, in addition to tlhe grant, if any, made
to his legal personal representative under
section 16 of this Act-

(i) if the deceased officer leaves a widow,
a pension to her, while unmarried at
a rate not exceeding ten-sixtieths of
Lis annual pensionable emoluments

No. 4 of 1955. Pensions (A amendment) 5 LEEWARD
at the date of the injury or ninetv-
six dollars a year, whichever is the

(ii) if the deceased officer leaves a widow
to whom a pension is granted under
the preceding panigraph and a child
or child-rel, a pension in re pect of
each child, until such child attains
the age of nineteen years, of an
amount not exceeding one-eighth of
the pension prescribed under the
preceding paragraph;

(iii) if the deceased officer leaves a child
or children, but does not leave a
widow, or no pension is granted to
the widow, a pension in respect of
each child, until such child attains
the age of nineteen years, of double
the amount prescribed by the pre-
ceding parragraph;

(iv) if the deceased officer leaves a child
or children and a widow to whom a
pension is granted under paragraph
(i) of tiis subsection, and the widow
subsequently dies, a pension in
respect of each child as from the
date of the death of the widow
until such child attains the age of
nineteen years, of double the amount
prescribed in parragraph (ii) of this

(v) if the deceased officer does not leave
a widow, or if no pension is granted
to his widow, and if his mother were
wholly or niinly dependent on him
for her support, a pension to the
mother, \while without adequate
ijevn:;- of support, of an amount not
e xc. 'ding tlo pension which might
hImvr hben gnrnted to his widow;

- )

LEEWARD 6 pinsi ix (AiAendmlent) No. 4 of 1955.
(vi) if the deceased officer does not leave
a widow or mother, or if no pension
is granted to his widow or mother,
and if his father were wholly or
mainly dependent on himi for his
support, a pension to the father
while without adequate means of
support, of an amount not exceeding
the pension which might have been
granted to his widow;
(vii) if the deceased officer does not leave
a child or children who is or are
eligible for a pension under the pro-
visions of this section, and if any
brother or sister were wholly or
uninly dependent on him for sup-
port, a pension to any such brother
or sister until he or she attains the
age of nineteen years while without
adequate neans of support, of an
lamlount not exceeding the pension
which might have been granted
under paragraphs (ii) Iand (iii) of this
Provided that--
(a) if in the opinio()n of the Gover-
nor there are conpa:ssioatie grounds for
so doing, lie ImIV grant to iu) y child of a
deceased officer hci; a't chii1 who at the
d(te of the deal h of the officer was wholly
Sor mainly dependent on him for support
and who had attainell tht age of nineteen
yearr, a pensions for suih period as the
(Governor mit ye dernminin, of ain amount
not exceeding the pension which may be
granted under paragraph (ii) of this
(b) where a deceased officer leaves a
child who was incap; cited at the time
of the officer's death (hereintfter in this
section referred to w- an incapacitated
child ") thie GcovzCern.,' 111;., otwtithstand-
ing an pensi io,1 which may have been
granMed inder pareagrapli (ii) or para-
graph (iin) of :tii- isilsection, grant an
additional pension in respect of such

N., 4 f 1 ), r e .on. (Am.n 'hnent) 7 LEEWARD
incapacitated child after he has afttailed
the age of nineteeIn \ears and ..o lon g as
1i s incapacity shall continue, of an
amo.iit not exceeding one half of the
pen-in which may be mnanted under
);araIgrap iii or paragraph (iii) aforesaid;
() whiiere compensation in respect
of the death i. payable under tie Work-
men's ('omplensatioln Act, 1937, or ann 11/1937.
Act ameiieding or replacing the same, or
where benefits corresponding to benefits
granted under this section are payable
under the Colonial Superannuation
Scheme in respect of death, the
-roverior main reduce the pension which
may be pa able under this section to such
exteti as he may consider reasonable;
(d) no pension shall be payable
under this sui-ibe.tion at any time in
respect of more than six children exclu-
sive of incapacitated children;
(e) ini the case of a pension granted
under paragraph (v) of this subsection,
if l.te motlier is a widow at tihe time of
the grant of the pension and ,tibsequently
re-malrries such pension shall cease as
from the dite of re-marriage; and if it
appears to the Governor at any time
that the mother is adequately provided
with other means of support, such pension
shall cease as from suchl date as the
Governor mait determine;
( ) a pension granted to a female
child under this section shall cease upon
the mairringe o(f suclh child under tine a-g
of nineteen vears.
(2) Ii tlie c se of an officer not holding
a )ensionable office Ilt e expressions pension-
able emoliniew,,t in the preceding subsection
shall meni hlie emolumnents enjoyed by him
whii'h would Iihav'e ben pensionable emolu-
Ilments if the olfike hl:: hv him had been a
lpnsionable office.
(3) If an officer proceeding by a route
approved by the Governor to or from the

LEmnWARD Pnsi.1'?. (A mnfiirnt) No. 4 of 19.5,
Colonv, or from one Il1and in tle Colony to
another, at the colllenlcment or terlrminatiol
of his service in the Colony, or of a period of
leave therefrom, dies as the result of damage
to the vessel, aircraft or vehicle in which he is
travelling, or ,f any vict of violence directed
against such vessel, aircraft or vehicle, and the
governorr is satisfied that such damage or act
is attributable to circumstances arising out of
war in which Her Majesty may be engaged,
such officer shall b( deemed, for the purposes
of this section, to bhve died in the circum-
stances described in paragraph (a) of sub-
section (1) of this section.
(4) An officer who dies as a result of an
injury received while travelling by air in pur-
suance of official instructions, which injury is
not wNholly or mainly due to, or seriously
aggravated by, his own serious and culpable
negligence or misconduct, shall be deemed for
the purposes of this section to have died in
tie circumstances described in paragraph (a)
of subsection (1) of this section:
Provided that in such a case the rates of
pension prescribed in paragraphs (i) and (ii)
of subsection (1) of this section shall be
fifteen-sixtieths and one-sixth respectively.

(5) (a) Where the Governor is satisfied
that damages have been or will be recovered
in respect of the death for which an additional
pension or pension may be granted under
subsection (1) of this section, the Governor
may take those dam:aes into account against
such additional pension or pension in such
manner and to such extent as he may think
fit and may withhold or reduce tile additional
pension or pension accordinglv.
(,) For the purposes of this subsection
an officer shall be l(eiemed to recover damages
whether they are paid in pursuance of a
judgment or order of a corit or by way of
settlement or compromise of his claim and
whether or not proceedings are instituted to
enforce that claim.

No. 4 of 1955. Pensions (Amendment) 9 LEEWARD
(6) For the purposes of this section-
(a) the word brother" includes,
in relation to a person, every male child
of his father or his mother;
(b) the word child shall in-
(i) a posthumous child;
(ii) a step-child or illegitimate
child born before the date of the
injury or contracting the disease, as
the case may be, and wholly or
mainly dependent upon the deceased
officer for support; and
(iii) an adopted child, adopted in
a manner recognized by law, before
the date of the injury or contracting
the disease, as the case may he, and
dependent as aforesaid;
(c) the expression incapacitated "
means in relation to a child, incapa-
ble by reason of some specific bodily or
mental disability of e:lrnigli his own liv-
ing, and a child who is in any event too
voun to e:rn his own living shall be
treated as ineapacitatel for the purposes
of ihis section if it appears that, iby
reason of any specific bodily or mental
disability, he will be incapable of earning
his oivn living when he att:,ins the age
at which he would otherwise be capable
of doing so;
(d) the word mother" includes,
in relation to person, his stepmother
and a: female person by whom he has
been adopted;
(e) the word "sister" includes, in
relation to a person, every female child
of his father or his mother.".
5. The aminednlent specified in the second Minor amend-
column of the Schedtle to this Act, being a minor iens1to t.
amendment to certain sections of the Principal Act,
shall be made in the provisions to that Act specified
in the first column of that Schedule.

LEEWARD 10 Pensions (Amendment) No. 4 of 1955.
Repeal. 6. The Pensions (Amendment) Act, 1948 is
12/1948. hereby repealed.

c',,mimnence. 7. This Act shall be deemed to have come
leot. into operation on the 1st day of January, 1955.

Deputy President.

Passed the General Legislative Council this
6th day of January, 1955.

Clerk ot the Council.



3(1), 4(2). 5(2), 6(e), 7, 8 and 11


For the words "Governor in
Council there shall be substitu-
ted the word "Governor".

Printod at the Government Printing Office, Leeward Islands,
by E. M. BLACKMAN, E.D., Government Printer.-H-y Authority.
47/00075 -500--2.55. [Price 12 cents]

4 *


1955, No. 3.



BE IT RESOLVED by the Legislative Council of
Antigua as follows:-

Customs Duty on bunting and decorative materials
including coloured electric bulbs imported between the 25th
January and 28th February, 1955, for the visit of Her Royal
Highness the Princess Margaret, is hereby abolished.

Passed the Legislative Council this 26th day of January,

Printed at the Government Printing Office, Leeward Islands,
by E. M. BLACKMAN, Government Printer.-By Authority.

Price 3 oents.



1954, No. 7.

Rules made by the Montserrat Midwives Board under section 25
of the Midwifery Ordinance, 1951 (No. 7 of 1951).

1. These Rules may be cited as the Midwives Rules, 1954.
2. In these rules-
"authorised person" means any member of the Midwives'
Board, any medical practitioner, the Matron of the
Glendon Hospital, the Secretary to the Board and any
other person authorised by the Board.
3. Every midwife must possess, and produce for inspection,
when asked to do so by any authorized person, a copy of the
pamphlet Rules regulating the practice of midwifery and the fees
payable to registered midwives ".
4. Every midwife shall keep a register of cases attended by
her in the form and manner approved of by the Board and such
register of cases shall be produced by the midwife for inspection
when called upon by any authorised person.
5. It shall be the duty of every midwife to furnish the Board
with such returns as the Board may from time to time demand.
6. When a midwife has been in attendance, whether as a
midwife or as a nurse upon a patient, or has been in contact with
a person suffering from puerperal fever, or from any contagious
or infectious disease, or is, herself, liable to be a source of
infection or contagion, she shall immediately notify the District
Medical Officer of the District in which she is practising, shall
disinfect herself and all her instruments and other appliances and
have her clothing thoroughly disinfected to the satisfaction of the
District Medical Officer and shall not attend any other midwifery
case until she has obtained written permission to do so from the
District Medical Officer of her area.

7. No midwife shall iay out a dead body except in the case of
a patiellt upon whom she has been in attendance at the time pf death.
Afier laying out a body for burial she shall notify the District
Medical Officer of the District in which she practices and undergo
adeluatte cleansing and disinfection in accordance with the preceding
8. Every midwife shall note in her register of cases each
occasion on which she is under the necessity of administering in any
way any drug and the time and cause of administration.
9. The midwife shall be scrupulously clean in every way
Sixth respect to her person, clothing, appliances and premises. She
shall keep her nails cut short and clean and preserve the skin of her
hands as far as possible from cracks and abrasions. Every midwife
,shall submit, herself for inspection in this respect whenever called
upon for this purpose by any authorised person. When attending
her patients she must wear a clean dress of washable material which
can b, boiled, and which either has short sleeves reaching to above
the elbow only or sleeves which can be detached from, or which can
ie easily rolled up to, above the elbow. She must also wear, when
actually at work on a case, a clean washable apron or overall.
10. Every midwife shall keep and take with her on all
occasions when attending a confinement, a case or bag, kept solely
for the purpose, and flu'ished with a removable lining which can
be washed and boiled. At least two linings must be provided, the
one in use must be clean, the olhler being washed immediately
on the removal and retained ready for use. The case or bag must
at all times he ready, and be brought when requested, for inspection
by an authorized person. It must always contain:-
(1) A douche can with necessary attachments.
(2) A Higginson's syringe.
(3) A pair of scissors.
(4) A nail brush.
(5) A clinical thermometer.
(6) A catheter.
(7) A bottle of approved disinfectant.
(8) container of approved disinfectant powder.
(9) A bottle of boracic solution, or tin of boracie powder
with which to make a solution, for cleaning the child's eyes.
(10) A bottle of an approved silver preparation for the
disinfection of the child's eyes.
(11) Cotton wool.
(12) Dresssing for cord such as ait or clean rags; which
have been boiled.
(13) Thread of tape for tying the curd.

4 .

(14) Soap.
(15) An enamel iron bowl or other aplrovev:! container.
(1iA) \ medicine giass or other appil)ov in ;Nsue.
(17) A supply of two ounces of tituiii' o' ergot for
a;ii;inistration as directed in sul)-rule (2 f !his rule.
(1S) Such articles as may from imet !h) tiw ibe laid dow!l
y) tihe Miidwifery oin ard 1 hic! is the authorit'l'y which approves
tle disiniectants anld (isinflectant, povhder'; liha il: beh used.

(i) A midwife when attending a confinenmelnt, a. a give to the
patient, one idrachm of tincture o of rgot which shill in' g:i\ en following
normal delivery ind monl after delivery of ilie )itenala. The
administration of er'got shall not. h, repeatedly ex',Cpl i-t te direction
of a medical otticer
11. Before tolcingn' tle genitals or their neig'hlnlurhlotd, the
midwife shall on each occasion thoroughly w;Ias: in sl)p 111(1 walter
and teen disinlectc hler hainds and forearmr- in an eli'cie, mainn er
and all instruments and other appliances shail heI disinfected hy
boiling before being, Irought into contact with th e patient's genitals.

12. When engaged to attend a case of labour the midwife shall
interview her patient at the earliest opportunity tW ;ol" uint' is h to ihe
course oi the previous preg'nanci'es, confinetmeunts anti plierpcltis, 1i(otll
as regards mother and child, aml to advise as to the personal and
general arrangements for the confinement, and, with the consc'nt
of the patient, visit the house.

13. A\ idwife mustt t leave a coninjeminnt case witlhoiit
giving, an address at which she can he loind ti ithimit d+!ay and.
after the tnimi nce'iil e )t ,f t. s(co d 'ta of i' bour, wii i Irematini
with her patent itit til after the expulsion of the placenta and for
as much longer as may lie necessary. In a case where a doctor h as
been sent for. on account o,' rhli labour 1wig- abnornial tor there
being threatened d- anger, e l shall aU aii. h!is arrival tiAd 'aithf'uIll
carryTV out his mnstructliois. if for aiy irasoii h ( li i' l' :i
medical practitioner he not, available, the mi'lwife shall remain with
the patient until the emergency is over.
14. i'he midwife shall wash hp atieni's ext'eral parts ith
soap andl watr and then swab then with the approved antiseptic
solution on the iollowiu n o)ccasiois:
(a) Before making anl internal ( xaminialion.
() After the terminal ion of Jbour.
i c) i ni. g n thie i i, in ro. n a l h en a, i IL, ti ',l ir'ed

- s


(d) Before passing a catheter.
The swabbing with antiseptic solution shall he repeated before
any further examination and before a douche is -iven. For this
purpose on no account shall the inid\vi(e use ordinary sponges or
flannel but only materials which have been boiled or otherwise
disinfected before use.

15. Tel' midwife shall take care to make no more internal
examinations than are actually necessary.
16. The midwife in charge of a case of labour shall in all cases
examine the placenta and membranes before they are destroyed and
satisfy herself that they are completely removed.
17. The midwife shall remove all soiled linen, blood, faces,
urine, placenta and inemnbralnes from the nei'lhbourhood of the patient
and froin the lying-in room as soon as possible after the labour and in
every case before she leaves the patient's house.
18. Thle midwife shall be responsible for the cleanliness, and
shall e al e ; necessary directions for securing the comfort and
proper dieting, of the another and child during tile lying-in period,
that is to say, in a normal case the time occupied by the lahour and
a period of 5 days thereafter. If after ceising to attend a case, the
midwife is again called in to an illness of the mother or the child
connected with the confinement, rules 25 and 26 shall apply.
19. A case of normal labour in these rules shall mean a labour
in which there are none of the conditions specified in rule 26.


20. In the case of a child born apparently dead, the midwife
shall carry out appropriate methods of resuscitation
21. As soon as the child's head is born and it possible e before
the eyes are opened, its eyelids shall be carefully cleaned by the
midwife, and prophylactic application inserted.
22. On the birth of a child which is in danger of death, the
midwife shall inform one of the parents of the child's condition.
23. In all cases of still-hirth, that is to say where the child
after having been completely born has not. breatl'd or shown any
si-igs of life, wher'- a rnme.ical practitioner is not in :ttcndance at the
time of birth the midwiife in attendance at such still-birth shall
immediately notify the District Medical Officer of the District in
which she practices.

%b -'

24. It shall be the duty of the midwife to cut the cord after
having first tied the same in two places, between which the cord
shall be cut with tiie pair of scissors mentioned in .rule 10. After
having cut the cord, the end which remains attached to the child's
abdomen shall be dusted with boric acid or such powder as the Board
may approve and cokervd with a piece of clean cloth, kept as in rule
10, and properly bandaged across the abdomen; on no account shall
any other dressing be applied to the cord or anything used in the
dressing which is not contained in the midwife's case or bag as
mentioned in rule 10. The midwife must examine the cord within
two hours after its being tied.


25. In all cases of illness of the patient or child or of any
abnormality- occurring tdring the pregnancy. labour or the lying-in
period it shall le the duty of a midwife, as soon as she becomes
aware thereof, to explain to the husband or near relative or friend
that the case is one in which a medical practitioner must either be
called in or consulted. [f no steps are taken the midwife herself
m~ust inform a medical 'practitioner using, when possible, the form
show in Schedule A ani obtainable from the office of the Senior
Medical Officer.

26. The foregoing rule shall particularly apply:-

In the case of the woman when:-

(a) The woman during pregnancy, labour or the lying-in
period appears to be dying or is dead.

(b) During pregnancy there is or are, severe and continued
vomiting, unusual loss of blood, abortion, fits or convulsions,
discharge from, or sores on, the genitals, or other abnormalities
or complication.

(c) During labour there is or are, a presentation other than
the uncomplicated head or breech, no presentation that can be
made out, prolapse of the cord, no advance after full dilatation
of the os in two hours in primiparai or one hour in multipara,
fits or convulsions, excessive bleeding, incomplete expulsion of
the placenta and membranes two hours after the birth of the
child, severe rupture of the perineum or other injuries to the
soft parts, other abnormalities or complications.

(d) During the lying-in period there is or are, loss of blood
foul smelling lochia, a temperature of 100 on two successive
days, fits or convulsions, excessive weakness, inflammation of,
or discharge from, the eyes, however slight. ;an serious skin
eruptions but especially those marked by the Formation of
watery blisters, inflammation im, or around, or bleeding from
the navel or any other abnormalities or complications.

27. (1) The fees specified in Schedule B shall be the fees
payable to registered midwives.
(2) All fees payable to District Midwives in the Government
service shall be paid to the Secretary of the Board and shall be paid
by him into the Treasury for the benefit of the general revenue.
Made by the Montserrat Midwives' Board the 16th day of
July, 1954.
( chairman.
Approved by the Governor in Council the 15th day of October,
Clerk (if the- Council.



Date ................ .... .....

(1) This Notice is sent in respect of............................
Address ............... .......... .....
(2) Medical Assistance is sought by................ ...........
(3) The case is urgent
Sent to.................... .... ..............
A t ................... ...............
Time of sending message...... ..........

Signed ...................... ................................... Midwife


(1) Fill in name of patient.

(2) No. Relative or friend as the case may be.

(3) If the case is not urgent cross this out.



1. No fee shall be charged for attendance to maternity
patients of the labouring class: Provided that midwives not em.
played in the government t service may charge such fee as may
he agreed upon between the parties concerned, not exceeding
three dollars.

2. Persons not of the labouring class may be charged from
three to fifteen dollars according to the means of the patient and
the services rendered by the midwife for attendance in a
maternity case.

Printed at the Government Printing Office, Leeward Islands,
by E. NI. BLACKMAN, Government Printer.-By Authority.


Trice 9 cents.

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