THE BE IL I Z E nfkID
WEEKLY NEWSLE -TTER
'b i h d b '-ie -. '
Published by the Government Information Services. ".
No. 2*** Up To 10th January, 1964.
SPOTLIGHT ON EDUCATION TWO IMPORTANT CONVENTIONS
SBoth the Catholic Education Association and the Union of
Teachers held their most important meeting of the year last week in
Addressing the Union of Teachers at the Baron Bliss
Institute, Premier George Price declared:
"Our National Consciousness Is Astir"
"Our Belizean children must learn more about the things
which are part of their heritage national poetry, national songs,
national history; these subjects must be given their proper place in
the school curriculum," .
The children, said Mr. Price, must be brought up to date on
current events and helped to a proper understanding of new develop-
ments in the country. He was glad to see evidence of change, of
progress in these matters in recent time's
Our national consciousness is astir, he said. More and more
we were becoming conscious of ourselves, proud of ourselves, proud of
being Belizeans, ambitious for ourselves. This awakening was a
manifestation of the process of nation-building in which we are all
engaged.. -... .
Speed The Process
The Premier then invited the teachers to try and speed up
the process during the year. The children must be provided with an
education that is personally and socially meaningful.
Mr. Price made it clear that he did not want to suggest we
should become a little closed community, cut off from the rest.of the
world. On the contrary, he explained, that to achieve our proper place
in the world, we must first achieve self-knowledge at home.
"Our Belizean children," he concluded, "must be taught to be
good, worthwhile citizens of their country; open-minded in all things,
given to hard-work full of confidence in themselves and imbued with a
spirit of -sacrifice. In this way, the future of our country will be
Where The World Begins
Earlier, the Premier urged that the Belizean child be made
14^ ,,, /to
.(-^a, c Z. /yr. "
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to understand that the world begins at his feet alike in the natural
world of hills and plains and trees, and in the social world of hor
and schools and communities.
The child-must be taught that 'the world begins here, in t
child's own natural and social environment, and not somewhere far
away. To do otherwise, he said, would be educationally .wrong and
could even be disastrous. To teach them self-knowledge first is
sound educational doctrine, aand in addition, it made sound sense fr
the point of view of building our own,national identity.
Mr, A.S. Frankson ,.deputizing for -the-Ministte 'of Educati
.said-the-Minister was indeed very sorry that due to illness he was
not able to be present
,.:... : .....:. On plans for educational development, he said a great man
things are planned for 1965 and he noted that the .appropriation thi
year was the third highest in the budga.t:..: ... ...':..----:- :-:-
The school' population. was growing at the rate; of four
percent pe ye i an th e UAited Nations.. educational mi 'ssion' iad
., stimat,'d that by-1970, the present school attendance of 25 000 w" il
have risen to 40 ,000 .
..... F.r-em:-thisone could appreciate the'tremendous building
programme facing government. A great amount of money would have to
be spent each year to ensure that, .every child will find a place in
Radio Be lize Wi H ... i H "ie
M F:re'ks h .sid goernmehnt had- also. decided to in,t.rodu
especial broadcasts for schoolss on a country-w~ide ba-sis so as to bri
even the most :remote school into contact with the rest of the count
.-- .. ..*
,i). ,. K.'.:'. al. so- ed closed that gWovernment had'been
successful3 in' :e seur ing a. textbook w'.riter .from the. United- Nations tc
turn. out material i:n history, geography., nationalnl science 'and other
subjects, thereby providing schools with textbooks dealing with thi
: The -.Te ac he.rs 'P. ledg. .
SMro. Floss Cassasola, giving the vote of thanks, promised
that teachers would take up the Premier's challenge regarding the
teaching of national subject matter in schools during.- 9l5-, r-
addition, she thanked the Premier for the talks he has been giving
he goes around the country The Union of Teachers, she said,~ would
all it -could" to -T;.ke the children, an asset. in the process of natior
building : .
The Conference was also addressed by the President of the
Union,. Mro. Basil- CGo12maino The inaugural session was presided over
Mr, Robert McMurdo, Chief Education Officer.
:.The:.Catholi.c .- .. association began its 3 day annual
co-.vention at Mercy Convent on Monday.
P"iestsr niins and lay-teachers: from all parts'of the
country attended the opening .session which was. addressed by Mr.,
William Fonseca, Education Officer.
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The philosophy of the people here, Mr. Foneca noted has
always been Christian and democratic. So.the things we seek must be
in accordance with that philosophy. Government recognizes this
;situation and supports it.
The economic survey .made by the United Nations mission
pointed out that there is an urgent need for our people to be provided
with skills knowledge and techniques to be able to participate in the
M r ... : ...
Mr. Fonseca disclosed that there are just over 2,000 boys
and girls receiving secondary education. This was well below the
requirement of a developing country.
The development plan proposes a three fold increase, to
6,550 students in secondary :scha:ols- by 1970. '
With this increase, there would be .a need for more trained
teachers at all levels; not only at the secondary schools.
Next, Mr,. Fonseca spoke about the chance which he said.
should be given the student. to-follow their .special calling whether
*in.skilled subjects or agriculture or some other field.
Here, he mentioned the vocational training centre at the
Princess Royal Youth Hostel being run by the Labour Ministry and
Lynam Agricultural College in the Stann Creek District and Central
Farm Agricultural Schbol in the Cayo District,
BISHOP HODAPP ON L EDUCATION
Speaking to the Catholic Education Association at a solemn
Mass on Wednesday, the Bishop of Belize, the Most Reverend Robert
Hodapp referred to changes taking. place in the world, in nations, in
organizations and in the Church-...~
Peoples and nations are undergoing a social revolution,
Bishop Hodapp said,..and in our own country we see a new and developing
type of government; new ways of expressing our patriotism. new ideals,
On the changes taking place in the Church, His .Lordship
said there were. some essential things which can't change; for example
the natural law from which it is evident that it is wrong for children
to disobey their parents
Government Assistance .. ..
But inline with the changed conditions in our country and
the Church, he told the teachers, attitudes towards parents and
children must be modified somewhat. A teacher should get to know and
meet parents.. Hence the need for the parents-teachers associations
He reminded the teachers of government's aid to education
throughout the country, to all denominations in general and to the..""
Catholic Church in particular.
The Church would never r- be able to_ pay teachers' salaries
without government's help For instance, he went on, two years ago
salaries paid to teachers throughout the country amounted to $42,000
Last year the total was $47,000 a month and this year theu:-bilI ii.
expected to reach some $150,000 a month
In The Vanguard
"As things move ahead in Church and State', he declared,
"you are expected to be a bit ahead of the others.. As teachers, you
are expected to prepare.t.he young -for the tasks ahead and prepare
them to meet the changing world in which they live. The child will
understand that to him is: committed the most complex material for tk
: building of a new nation and the Church of tomorroww"
The- Mass was celebrated in English, according to the
resolution made at the Vatican Ecumenical Council. The Bishop was
assisted by Frs. Panton, Castillo, and Avila, :al Belizeans,
COURSE FOR GOVERNMENT EXTENSION WORKERS
A training course for extension workers was opened on
Monday morning at Central Farm.
The feature address was given by the Minister of Local
Government, the Hon. AoE. Cattouse who emphasized that the course we
different from previous ones.
In the seven year plan, he said, there are certain goals
that can be reached only by the fullest possible means of working
together. Tasks must not .be. duplicated, government departments must
not think of themselves as competitors, but as allies, worki.ng. toward
a single objective.
There would be difficulties and frustrations, the Minister
continued, but the underlying principle must always be present.
No Room For Haphazard Methods
A lot'of research was going on today in various fields.
Things must be done in an orderly manner There was no longer room
for haphazard methods or hit-or-miss plans.
Many of those present had received professional training,
''he observed, and government expects that they will do their best to
achieve success. .
The aim of his Ministry, he reminded the students, is to
help people help themselves in order to attain a fuller and more
complete way of life
All the people in the country could reach this level if tb
agencies concerned with extension work co-ordinate- their resources
S During the course of his address Mr. Cattouse introduced
M~, A. Lockhead, Director of Social Studies at the University of
Swansea, who conducted the training sessions. Mr. Lockhead is here
under the UoK.o Technical Assistance Scheme.
MINISTER FOR NEW ORLEANS CLIN-IC
The Hon. J.oW Macmillan, Minister of Education, Health and
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Housing, left .Belize on Wednesday en. route to New Orleans to enter the
Ochsner Clinic for medical treatment.
-! : H 'He was accompanied by his sonn-in-law, Mr,. Teddy Hastings
and Surgeon-Specialist, Dr. S.E. Kaushik.b.. ... .. ..c.:
Before leaving, Mr. Macmillan said he was most grateful .for
the kind inquiries and good wishes received from all parts ofT-te' '
country during his recent illness.'" The .knowledge that he was being
included in the prayers of so many, he said- was a source, of comfort
and."strength to him.
The Minister first fell ill in November last year and had :
to take a few weeks rest. He returned to..his desk in December, when
he suffered a relapse.
It is nb't known how long Mr. Macmillan will:be away, but.. ,
before leaving he said he hopes to be back in good time to complete
his term in the present government. .. .. .
C.D.U-. B.E.C. AGREEMENT TIMBERiOPERATIONS *
The Christian Workers Union and the Belize Estate and
Produce -Company Limited. have signed a collective agreement in respect
of the company's timber operations at Gallon Jug and Hillbank. :.:
:This was announced on Tuesday by the Ministry of Labour.
The agreement, effective for eighteen months, provides for severance
pay, whereby employees with not less.than fifteen years unbroken
service, will be given ex-gratia payments if their~. services are no
lo:ge-r required due to shortages of.work, upon reaching the ageof...
65 .or upon certified-medical grounds other than those- covered. by the
Workmen' s Compensatish Orzdinance. :
'This agreement will be applied according to the following
scheme.: 15 to 19y .years' service $600; 20 to 24 years' service. $750
and over 25 years' service : $1,000.
: :: Other provisions include: improved conditions of trans-
portation; payment of union dues under. the: check-off; system; compensa-
tion for Work stoppages beyond. the workers' control; .payment. at' double
time rates for work after nine hours on.'public holidays; and work .ina
excess of five hours on Sundays; time workedafter nine:hoursc..on.
Christmas Day, Good Friday and Easter Monday will be three times the
normal -rate. :- .- "-L': : .-. ... i....:
:.:'.;.' ..... '' The :ag reemeit was' signed. at: the Labour Department, in. the:
presence of the Labour Commissioner, Mr. K.C. Dunn. ..Signing oh
behalf of the Belize Estate and Produce Company Limited were Mr. A.M.
Here, General Manager, and Mr. E. Good, Administrative OfficeTr---. '*
Signing on behalf of the Christian Workers Union were Mr. Rae Lightburn,
President and Mr. Migue-lRoi.ado, .Gen:a.leretary,,
And In 'Citrus 'Another Important Accord. "
-::.:: The Citrus Company of this Country and the Southern .
Ch.ri's~tian :Uhion have agreed, to extend the. Collective .:.Agreement in..
respect of field and factory workers, which expired on the .30th of
June 1964, to run retroactively from the 1st of July last year until
the l1st of December. this year, with certain amendments.
This decision was made public by the Ministry of Labour
Agreement on separate provisions for the company's water-
front workers is still pending.
...:..The agreement covering field and factory workers which wa
extended will now provide among other things for not less than half
a day's wages to be paid workers prevented from continuing work
due to reasons beyond his control and if no reasonable alternative
employment..at the same .rate is given, provided that if more than fo
hours work .had been completed,. a:: full day's. wage will be paid.
The new clause on annual vacation provides vacation pay t
all workerss ., regardless of-length of ;service on the following seal
Workers with less than 600 hours of work in the year -
4% of earnings.
For more than 600 hours work in the year, workers with
to 5 years service will receive 5 ~:6. to,10 years' 6~ and 10 yea
service or ove 7' of earnings
Bound-the-year employees. will get a maximum of 12 week-
days annual leave...
Premium rates will.be paid for overtime work on premium
Apart from. Christmas Day, Good Friday and Easter Monday
which shall, be fully.paid holidays, workers will receive half' a day
...pay,for public holidays if.not worked. To qualify for public holic.
pay, the worker must have worked up to and including the last, work
day before the holiday.
Workers will be entitled to reasonable sick leave on" -
proe.duction of a medical certificate, It was agreed to hold consider
tion. of any changes in the wage .'rates. in abeyance pending the.outcc
of deliberations by the current Cit,us Wages Council.
Workers will get. these same .bonuses during the 1964-1965
..:cropp:as ;they, got during the previous crop, but there will be an.
...,additionarl,. bonus of. 2 o basic.earnings during the .period July 1st t
qe:cember 2nd, 1964, in honour of. 4he late Chair-man of the .Company,
Mr. ;;.oG.R. Sharp 9 C.B.E., ,
The agreement was signed in Pomona on the llth'"of Decembe
by Mr. F.G. Sharp and Mr. G.C. Usher on behalf of the Citrus Compar
and.Jby.Mr,. Ra.e Lightburn andMr., Elliot Antonio and Mr. John Lewis
behalf of the Southern Ch;istian Union, ...
OFFSHORE EXPLORATION FOR.OIL
During September of.last year, government concluded
negotiations with SHELL for prospe'ctin-g licenc'es :over -offshore -are-
in this -country, including the Turneffe, Lighthous.e -reef and Glovel
reef aeas,,.... The company is to make preliminary explorations prior
t o:dr;illing for oil. .
A announcementt from the;- Ministry -of Natural. Resource's I~
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week said the essential part of this expl-oa-tion is that- f seismic-
work which- consists of firing small explosive charges in the sea and
registering their reaction on instruments made for. this specific
The lines on which these charges will.be set-off are ab'oit
five miles apart so that large areas will remain untouched."
A St andard Proce dure
The release emphasized that this method of oil explo ration
has been used all over the world in offshore- areas, especially in
places like the Gulf of Mexico, the coast of Louisiana, Texas and
Recently, seismic exploration- fo--rnatural gas has been
undertaken in the North Sea off Holland, Norway and Britain. All of
these areas are famous fishing grounds. This method was also used by
the Philips Petroleum Company up to two years ago in this country in
the offshore areas of the Toledo and Stann Creek Districts..
Experience has shown both abroad and in this country that
the amount of fish killed by the explosives in this process is
negligible, and that there has not been any apparent damage to fishing
grounds or reefs wherever this method has been used..
In view, however, of the fears expressed by fisherenen, the
Minister of Natural Resources arranged, with the co-operation of the
contractors to the company, for representatives of the various fishing
communities to accompany the'seismic crews .and to observe at first
hand, the methods employed and the results.
At the same time 'the' Ministry. commented, on the economic
aspect -of oil exploration. The probable benefits to come to'the :
whole country if oil is discovered through the present exploration:
being undertaken by SHELL could be considerable.
SHELL is the second largest oil company in the world.
SUGAR" GRINDING BEGINS ON JAN. 18TH
The 1965 grinding season will begin on Friday, JaYii6Huai~Y~' th,
when the Corozal Sugar Factory. at Libertad will open its scales to
receive cane deliveries. The season-close-s on-July, 31st, subject to
This year, the Corozal Sugar Factory expects to produce '-
about 39,000 tons of sugar, using some 320,000 tons of cane for this
purpose. Two-thirds of the total amount of cane will be delivered by
1,000 farmers in the Corozal and Orange Walk Districts, .The remain-
ing third will be supplied by Plantation's Limited, the Factory's
The increased production this year is -due partly to improve-
ments- to the factory.
In 1964, sugar production was 33,500 tons and for which the
factory used more than 272,000 tons of cane.
Last year the sugar cane industry contributed some $5-
million to the national economy. Of this, a little over $2 million
were paid to the cane farmers in the north.
Impressive Expansion Forecasted
I. t is estimated that by 1966 sugar .production will reach..
45 000 tons, and in 1967, when it is expected that a new Tate and
Lyle Factory at Tower Hill in the Orange Walk District will begin
-_ope:rationy-1-the total sugar output will be.. 75 $000 tours, ..the equivale.
of over 600,000 tons *of cane .
To ease the labour shortage experienced regionallyin..
previous years, the Minister of Labour has been considering the iss-
:of permits for immigrant labour from Mexico ...n proof that national
labour is not available. ....
MEXICO KEEPS A PROMISt
Nirneteen cows,' pxiimqe. breeding 'stock, were hai..i.ded aver by
Mexican government on Thursday. under the technical assistance progr
worked out as .a .result of the visit to Mexico last year' by:,Premie.r.
George Price and a Ministerial delegation.
The animals were delivered to the government Livestock
Officer, Mr. Orlando Orio, in Chetumal. The.official transfer
documents on behalf of the Belizean government- were signed by,:
Representative Santiago Ricalde and District Commissioner, Alfr-edo
The consignment was made up. of 10 Brahman. heifers and 3
bulls, world famous for beef. production, and : .Brownr-Swiss,. 4
heifers nd' 2 bulls, prime milk producer s, ...
,. Before entering the country, the animal.!," were examined an
certified constitutionally fit by the Veterinary. O.ff icer of Quintan
Roo,' The animals were rested at Orange Walk before continuing the
journey to Central Farm, the government livestock headquarters.
Commenting on the shipment, a government. spokesman said t.
arrival of the animals was tangible proof of the importance of the
Belizean delegation's visit to Mexico last August and of Mexi-c-:s-
business like attitude in implementing the technical assistance
programme. .. ,. ...::
NOTED ARCHAEOLOGIST RE'TURi ..NS : .
Sr. David Pendergast and his wife, who are both archaeolo
from the Royal Ontario Museum in Canada arrived. last week to contain
work on Mayan sites in the country..
'Dr.: Pendergast first came to. Belize in l.961.and.made ano.t:.
visit in June., 1963 to see the many Mayan ruins scatiteSeddthroughou
Last year, Dr. Pendergast was :assigned to-.the .Mayan ruins
near Rockstone Pond number one in the Belize District. The site. lhe
was working he called "Altun Ha", a Mayan name which in English mea.
Rockstone .Pond. ..
Dr. Pendergast has also done work .ner :I;. Cuevas in the
Chiquibul Forests in the Cayo District.
A team of naturalists, also from the R oyal~ ntari, Museum
will be joining the Pendergasts in early February.
THE PREMIER'S VISITORS
On Friday, the Consul of the-United States of America and
the Head of the Peace Corps here, visited His Excellency the Governor
and the Premier, and presented autographed copies of a book, entitled
'Point of the Lance' written by Sargent Shriver, organizer of the
Mr. Shriver visited Belize two years ago when he toured the
country by air, visiting points being served by members of the Corps.
Another visitor the same day was Mr. Sarkis Abou Nehra,
Consul for the Lebanon.
Mr. Abou Nehra conveyed the best wishes of his government..
to the Premier and people of Belize.
The Premier expressed hope that the future will.be marked
by increased investments in Belize by citizens of the Lebanon.
Signa Yorke, Educator
On the eve of taking up her appointment as Principal of St.
Georges 'Training College in Belize City, Miss Signa Yorke called to
see the Premier.
She recently returned from a special course of training. at
the Institute of Education, London University, designed to meet the
requirements of her new appointment..
Miss Yorke told the Premier that everywhe-re she went in
London, she heard expressions of appreciation and admiration for our
machinery of Government, and she quoted Miss Barbara Castle.,.M.P....as.
saying "the people of Belize are fortunate in having a sensible
Premier". Miss Castle, .she reported, had contrasted the smooth and
calm transition to independence evidenced here, with the chaotic
approach in so many other parts of the world.
Miss Yorke remarked that there was more awareness of our
country, compared with her last visit to England in .1960.
The Premier wished her every success in her new appointment,
Lois Cervantes4 Nurse
Back in Belize after undergoing a complete course in nursing,
Nurse Cervantes was received on Tuesday.
A Belizean, Miss Cervantes studied in Southampton at the
Royal South Hants Hospital. She qualified in midwifery in Falkirk,
The course took her five years, and she has applied to enter
the Medical Services in this country.
Her training was financed by her parents.
ANGLICAN CANON FROM NEW YORK
Canon Bo Dougherty of the Anglican Diocese of Weste'rnTew
York arrived here last week to begin a 2 week familiarization visit
A spokesman for the Anglican community has said that Cano:
Dougherty:.'.s visit is part of a wider .plan n: the: initiationn of a
scheme wh-.re eby 'clergy ':from the' NeW, York Diocese and the Belize
.Di.cse Se.will. be exchanged in- an effort to study the way of the Chur
in different surroundings. .
S EWS IN BiIEF :.
COMMODORE H.H. DAN'iREUTHER R.N., Commander :.British.
Forces in the Caribbean Area arrived for a 3 day visit last Tuesday
He had a meeting with the Security Couicil on Wednesday.
NINETEEN PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEERS, here for a 2 year tour
arrived on January.3rd,.
They were met at the airport by Peace Corps personnel and
government officials. .. .
: The new arrivals included 4 teacher r-trainers: 4 physical
e-ducation instructors, .1 -secondary school teacher- 2 c --operative
officers and 8 social development officers.
E,.W, BALDERAMOS AND P.H. ATHERLEY left Belize City on
Saturday to attend the Barclays Bank, D.C.O. Training School in
Kingstn- for a period of two- weeks. --
I ft* ow .m "ov we,.ft
TWO FIRST CLASS CLERKS have been appointed' to be Administ
tive Assistants : .
They are S.I. Goff, to be an Administrative Assistant in
the'Department of Agriculture --and E.L. Acosta, tobe an Administrat
Assistant in the Public Works Department.
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