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Group Title: Antigua, Montserrat and Virgin Islands gazette.
Title: The Antigua, Montserrat and Virgin Islands gazette
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076853/00252
 Material Information
Title: The Antigua, Montserrat and Virgin Islands gazette
Physical Description: 12 v. : ; 25-35 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Antigua
Montserrat
British Virgin Islands
Publisher: Govt. Printer.
Place of Publication: St. John's?, Antigua
Publication Date: November 17, 1960
Frequency: weekly (irregular)
weekly
completely irregular
 Subjects
Subject: Law -- Periodicals -- Antigua and Barbuda   ( lcsh )
Law -- Periodicals -- Montserrat   ( lcsh )
Law -- Periodicals -- British Virgin Islands   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Antigua and Barbuda   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Montserrat   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- British Virgin Islands   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
legislation   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Antigua and Barbuda -- Antigua
Montserrat
British Virgin Islands
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1-12, no. 18; July 5, 1956-Mar. 30, 1967.
General Note: Includes supplements consisting of bills, ordinances, statutory rules & orders, etc.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076853
Volume ID: VID00252
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltuf - AHX9420
oclc - 17270322
alephbibnum - 001667609
 Related Items
Preceded by: Leeward Islands gazette
Succeeded by: Antigua official gazette
Succeeded by: Montserrat official gazette
Succeeded by: Virgin Islands official gazette

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Full Text




THE

ANTIGUA, MONTSERRAT
AND

VIRGIN ISLANDS GAZETTE.

c published by Nuthority.

VOL. V. THURSDAY, 17TH NOVEMBER, 1960. No. 52.


FORM NO. 8.
Section 51 (1)
NOTICE OF NOMINATION.
The Administrator having issued his Writ of Elec-
tion for the election of a member of the Legislative
Council for the electoral district of Saint John's City
(North) the returning officer for the said district will on
the 21st day of November, 1960 now next ensuing
between the hours of ten o'clock in the forenoon and one
o'clock in the afternoon and between the hours of two
o'clock and four o'clock in the afternoon at the Court
House, Long Street, St. John's, proceed to the nomination
of a member for the electoral district of Saint John's
City (North).
Dated this 29th day of October, 1960.

EVAN CREQUE,
Returning Officer
for the electoral district of
Saint John's City (North)

FORM NO. 8.
Section 51 (1)
NOTICE OF NOMINATION.
The Administrator having issued his Writ of Elec-
tion for the election of a member of the Legislative
Council for the electoral district of Saint John's City
(South) the returning officer for the said district will on
the 21st day of November, 1960 now next ensuing
between the hours of ten o'clock in the forenoon and one
o'clock in the afternoon and between the hours of two
o,clock and four o'clock in the afternoon at the Housing
Office, High Street, St. John's, proceed to the nomination
of a member for the electoral district of Saint John's City
(South).
Dated this 29th day of October, 1960.

CLARENCE SIMON,
Returning Officer
for the electoral district of
Saint John's City (South)


FORM NO. 8.
Section 51 (1)
NOTICE OF NOMINATION.
The Administrator having issued his Writ of Elec-
tion for the election of a member of the Legislative
Council for the electoral district of Saint John (Rural)
South the returning officer for the said district will on
the 21st day of November, 1960, now next ensuing
between the hours of ten o'clock in the forenoon and one
o'clock in the afternoon and between the hours of two


o'clock and four o'clock in the afternoon at the Magis-
trate's Court, All Saints, proceed to the nomioattoii 'df-a
member for the electoral district of Saint John (Rural)
South.
Dated this 29th day of October, 1P60.
e O EC I
R. S. RDS, 9
Ret Oficer
for the elec al
Saint John' 1) So



FORM NO. 8


Section 51 (1)


NOTICE OF NOMINATION
The Administrator having issued his Writ of Elec-
tion for the election of a member of the Legislative
for the electoral district of Saint John (Rural) West the
returning officer for the said district will on the 21st day
of November, 1960 now next ensuing between the hours
of ten o'clock in the forenoon and one o'clock in the
afternoon and between the hours of two o'clock and four
o'clock in the afternoon at the Greenbay Government
School, Greenbay, proceed to the nomination of a
member for the electoral district of Saint John (Rural)
West.
Dated this 29th day of October, 1960.
S. C. JARVIS,
Returning Officer
for the electoral district of
Saint John's (Rural) West



FORM NO. 8
Section 51 (1)
NOTICE OF NOMINATION
The Administrator having issued his Writ of Elec-
tion for the election of a member of the Legislative
Council for the electoral district of Saint John (Rural)
North the returning officer for the said district will on
the 21st day of November, 1960 now next ensuing
between the hours of ten o'clock in the forenoon and one
o'clock in the afternoon and between the hours of two
o'clock and four o'clock in the afternoon at the Princess
Margaret School, St. John's, proceed to the nomination
of a member for the electoral district of Saint John
(Rural) North.
Dated this 29th day of October, 1960.
P. A. WINTER,
Returning Officer
for the electoral district of
Saint John's (Rural) North


J02






2L THE ANTIGUA, MONTSEIRAT & VIRGIN ISLANDS GAZETTE,


FORM NO. 8

Section 51 (1)
NOTICE OF NOMINATION
The Administrator having issued his Writ of Elec-
tion for the election of a member of the Legislative
Council for the electoral district of Saint George the
returning officer for the said district will on the 21st
day of November, 1960 now next ensuing between the
hours of ter o'clock in the forenoon and one o'clock in
the afternoon and between the hours of two o'clock and
four o'clock in the afternoon at the Government School,
New Winthorpes, proceed to the nomination of a member
for the electoral district of Saint George.

Dated this 29th day of October, 1960.

LOUNEL STEVENS,
Returning Officer
for the electoral district of
St. George

FORM NO. 8.

Section 51 (1)
NOTICE OF NOMINATION.
The Administrator having issued his Writ of Elec-
tion for the election of a member of the Legislative
Council for the electoral district of Saint Philip and
Saint Peter the returning officer for the said district will
on the 21st day of November, 1960 now next ensuing
between the hours of ten o'clock in the forenoon and one
o'clock in the afternoon and between the hours of two
o'clock and four o'clock in the afternoon at the Magis-
trate's Court, Parham, proceed to the nomination of a
member for the electoral district of Saint Philip and
Saint Peter.
Dated this 29th day of October, 1960.

A. E. L. WILLIAMS,
Returning Officer

for the electoral district of
St. Philip and St. Peter

FORM No. 8

Section 51 (1)
NOTICE OF NOMINATION

The Administrator having issued his writ of Election
for the election of a member of the Legislative Council
for the electoral district of Saint Mary the returning
officer for the said district will on the 21st day of Novem-
ber, 1960 now next ensuing between the hours of ten
o'clock in the forenoon and one o'clock in the afternoon


and between the hours of two o'clock and four o'clock in
the afternoon at the Bolans Magistrate's Court, Bolans,
proceed to the nomination of a member for the electoral
district of Saint Mary.

Dated this 29th day of October, 1960.

0. BIRD,
Returning Officer

for the electoral district of
St. Mary.

FORM No. 8

Section 51 (1)
NOTICE OF NOMINATION

The Administrator having issued his Writ of Election
for the election of a member of the Legislative Council
for the electoral district of Saint Paul the returning
officer for the said district will on the 21st day of Novem-
ber, 1960 now next ensuing between the hours of ten
o'clock in the forenoon and one o'clock in the afternoon
and between the hours of two o'clock and four o'clock in
the afternoon at the Liberta Government School, Liberta,
proceed to the nomination of a member for the electoral
district of Saint Paul.

Dated this 29th day of October, 1960.

R. S. BYRON,
Ri't dining Officer

for the electoral district of
St. Paul.


FORM NO. 8

Section 51 (1)
NOTICE OF NOMINATION
The Administrator having issued his Writ of Elec-
tion for the election of a member of the Legislative
Council for the electoral district of Barbuda the returning
officer for the said district will on the 21st day of
November, 1960 now next ensuing between the hours of
ten o'clock in the forenoon and one o'clock in the
afternoon and between the hours of two o'clock and four
o'clock in the afternoon at the Warden's Office, Barbuda,
proceed to the nomination of a member for the electoral
district of Barbuda.

Dated this 29th day of October, 1960.

A. DYER,
Returning Officer


for the electoral district of
Barbuda


[November 17, 1960.








November 17, 1960] THE ANTIGUA, MONTSERRAT & VIRGIN ISLANDS GAZETTE.


Notices.

CONFIRMATION OF ORDINANCES.
No. 80.

The Secretary of State for the
Colonies has informed the Adminis-
trator of Montserrat that the power
of disallowance will not be exercised
in respect of the undermentioned
Ordinances:-

No. 9 of 1959, "The Forestry
(Amendment) Ordinance, 1959 ".

No. 15 of 1959, "The Revised
Edition of Laws Ordinance, 1959"

No. 24 of 1959, "The Currency
Ordinance, 1959 ".

No. 26 of 1959, The Appropriation
Ordinance, 1960 ".
No. 12 of 1960, "The Income Tax
(Amendment) Ordinance 1960 ".

No. 13 of 1960, The Summary
Jurisdiction Act (Amendment) Ordi-
nance, 1960 ".
No. 14 of 1960, "The Title by
Registration Act (Webb's Land) Ordi-
nance, 1960."

No. 15 of 1960, "The Plymouth
Improvement (Amendment) Ordi-
nance, 1960 ".
No. 16 of 1960, "The Administra-
tor's (Salary and Duty Allowance)
(Amendment) Ordinance, 1960."

No. 81.

The following Statutory Rule and
Order is circulated with this Gazette
and forms part thereof:-
Antigua.
No. 38 of 1960. "The Air Naviga-
tion (General) Regulations, 1960".
126 pp. Price $2.50 cts.


The Attention of all Tobacco
Dealers and Pedlars is drawn to
sections 8 and 9 of the Tobacco
Ordinance No. 3 of 1947 as amended,
which provide that every dealer shall
keep a Tobacco purchase book and
Tobacco sales book and every pedlar
shall keep a pedlar's purchase book.
Any person who disobeys or
neglects or refuses t o obey the
provisions of the Ordinance shall be
liable to be prosecuted for such
disobedience, neglect or refusal.
E. 0. A. PESTAINA,
Collector of Customs.


Removal of Inoome Tax Office.

It is hereby notified for general
information that the Income Tax
Office has been removed to the Upper
Storey of the new Post Office Build-
ing, entrance opposite Messrs Joseph
Dew & Son, Long Street.
E. G. O'M. BERRIDGE,
Commissioner of Income Tax.


REMOVAL OF POST OFFICE.

It is hereby notified for general
information that the General Post
Office, Antigua has been removed
from the premises at the corner of
High and Thames Street to the
ground floor of the new building
immediately East of the Adminis-
tration Building.

Ministry of Public Works and
Communications
4th November, 1960.
Ref. No. A. 65/62 P. W. C.

THE CENTRAL HOUSING AND
PLANNING AUTHORITY

Persons are being reminded that
prohibition notices are placed on the
following village Extension Schemes
and that no building whatever should
be placed on any plot on these
Extensions without prior approval by
the Central Authority.

1. Pares Village
2. Bendals Extension
3. Freemansville Extension
4. Table Hill Gordon Scheme
5. Five Islands Village Extensions
6. St. Philips Scheme
7. All Saints Village Extensions
8. Willikies Village Extension
9. Bolans Village Extension
10. Parham Village Extensions
11. Bethesda Village Extensions
12. Villa Area Development
13. Pigotts & Osbourne Village
Extensions
14. Glanvilles Extensions
15. Creekside Extension
16. New Winthorpes.

In this connection attention is
drawn to the Draft Town and
Country Planning Scheme No 4/48-
Sections 9-12:-

9. BUILDING LINE

In order to prevent the uniformity
of the frontage the purchaser of each
plot shall observe the building line
which is a distance of at least 10ft.
(in case of the Villa Area Develop-
ment 30ft in Zone A) from the road
boundary, curb of the road or access
path, and in no case shall the front of
any dwelling house or any building
be made to extend nearer to or
further from the said road or street
than such position on the said land
as is indicated by the said building
line.

10. SIZE OF HOUSES AND HEIGHT
OF DWELLING HOUSES ABOVE
GROUND

Every new building intended as a
dwelling house to be erected on any
of the lots shall have a minimum
habitable floor space of not less than
120 sq. ft. (except in zone A and
zone B of th3 Villa Area Develop-
ment which should be 1000 sq. ft.
respectively), and shall have the
lowest floor raised from the ground
at least eighteen inches and supported
on masonry with proper and sufficient


ventilation beneath the floor provided
that if the frontage of the building
abuts on any public place the said
building shall be on a continuous
dwarf wall or concrete pillars.

11. APPROVAL OF PLANS

No dwelling houses, shop, hotel or
other building shall be erected upon
any of the plots otherwise than in
accordance with plans and elevations
and of materials previously approved
by or on behalf of the Central
Authority and no building shall be
commenced upon any plot until the
Central Authority or it's agents shall
have given a certificate in writing of
such approval.

12. ONE BUILDING OR PRIVATE
HOUSE WITH OUT-BUfLDINGS ON
EACH PLOT

"Not more than one building or
dwelling house shall be erected on
each plot except the necessary and
usual out-buildings stable, garage with
living rooms over to be used in
connection with any house shall not
be of less value than $96.00 exclusive
of stabling and out-buildings, and no
building shall be erected until the
site and elevation thereof and the
site of any offices and stabling thereto
shall have been approved by or on
behalf of the Central Authority, and
every such building shall be of such
character and description and build
according to such plans, designs and
elevations and shall have been
similarly approved in writing before
the same is commenced, and no such
building shall after erection be altered
without the like previous consent
in writing before the same is
commenced ".

Persons who fail to comply with
these regulations will be dealt with
by law within the provisions of the
Slum Clearance and the Town and
Country Planning Ordinances No's
3/48 and 4/48 respectively.

Central Housing & Planning
Authority,
High Street,
St. John's.
31st October, 1960.
Rpf: No. A. 66/62. P. W. C.

VACANT POSTS OF ECONOMIST,
MINISTRY OF FINANCE, GOVERN-
MENT OF TRINIDAD & TOBAGO.

Applications are invited for three
(3) vacant posts of Economist,
Ministry of Finance, Government of
Trinidad & Tobago, with salary in
the scale $4,800-120-5,040-240-
$7,200 per annumn; the commencing
salary will be determined by the
candidates experience and qualifi-
cations.

2. The appointment is subject to
medical fitness and on two (2) year's
probation in the first instance. The
posts will be declared pensionable.








2M4 THE ANTIGUA, MONTSERRAT & VIRGIN ISLANDS GAZETTE. [November 17, 1960


3. Candidates should posses a first
Degree in Economics or should have
done Economics as a principal subject
in a first Degree Course. They
should also submit an official trans-
cript from their University or College
indicating the extent of their studies
in Economics and/or any research
they may have done in this field.
Where possible, candidates should
include, among any recommendations
or testimonials they may wish to
submit, a statement from their tutor
or supervisor.
4. The duties of the post will
include examination of, and advice
on, economic problems, preparation
of special studies, field investigations,
committee work and some assistance
with training programmes.

5. Applications should be ad-
dressed to the Chief Secretary, Red
Houso, Port of Spain, Trinidad, The
West Indies, to roach him not later
than the 24th of November, 1960.

6. Any further particulars re-
quired may be obtained from the
Administrator, Antigua.
Ref. No. A. C. 13/86.


TRADE MARKS OFFICE,
ANTIGUA, 26th October, 1960.
SOHENLEY DISTILLERS INC.,
of 350 Fifth Avenue, New York,
State of New York, have applied for
Registration of one Trade M.trk
consisting of the following:-


OLD STAGG

in class 43 in respect of alcoholic
beverages particularly whiskey, gin,
brandy, alcoholic cordials and rum.
The Applicants claim that they
have used the said Trade Mark in
respect of the said goods since
October, 1928.
Any person may within three
months from the date of the first
appearance of this Advertisement in
the Antigua, Montserrat & Virgin
Islands Gazette, give notice in dupli-
cate at the Trade Marks Office,
Antigna, of opposition to register ition
of the said Trade Mark.

EVAN CREQUE,
Ag. Registrar of Trade Marks.


TRADE MARKS OFFICE,
MONTSIRRAT, 24th October, 1960.
SCHENLEY DISTILLERS, INC.,
of 350 Fifth Avenue, New York,
State of New York, United States of
America, have applied for Registra-
tion of One Trade Mark consisting of
of the following:-


OLD STAGG

in Class 43, that is to say, Alcoholic
beverages particularly whiskey, gin,
brandy, alcoholic cordials and rum.

The Applieants claim that the date
of first use of the trade mark is given
in the United States application as
October, 1928.
Any person may within three
months from the date of the first
appearance of this Advertisement in
the Antigua, Montserrat & Virgin
Islands Gazette, give notice in dupli-
cate at the Trade Marks Office,
Montserrat, of opposition of the said
Trade Mark.

D. F. JOHNSON,
Ag. Registrar of Trade Marks.


Notice to Importers.


Deposits which remain unclaimed after a period of twelve months shall be credited to Revenue.

The following deposits if not claimed by 31st December, 1960, shall be transferred to Revenue.


Date.
1957


February 6

March 13
14
19
29
April 26
May 11
June 6
8
11
14
July 1

17
26
August 7
26
29
October 5

29
November 19
December 5



1958.

February 7
March 10
21


April 8
1


Importer.


Kallil Shoul
Kallil Shoul
S. R. Mendes
D. Torry
Harpers Ltd.
Kallil Shoul
K. Shoul
Antigua Ice Cold Storage
H. L, Harney
Fred Wallace
Antigua Ice Cold Storage
White Sands
Asot A. Michael

Harpers Ltd.
A. Bahri
O'Neals Drug Store
Kallil Shoul
O'Neals Drug Store
Lake Co. Ltd.
Sarah E. Govia
Antigua Ice Cold Storage
M. Dias-Miami Bazaar
white Sands Hotel


Blind School


Kallil Shoul
J. H. Watts & Co.
Win. Wyre

Kallil Shoul
Alexander Parrish
Barreto's Store


Article.


1 Cs. Shirts
6 Ctns. Shoes
1 Box Mdse
1 Cs. Flavouring Ext.
2 Bags Salts
6 Cs. Glass
4 Cs. Earthenware
1 Pkg. Pump Parts
2 Pkgs. Hardware
1 Pkg. Clothing
1 Pkg. Guages
3 Ctns. Cleaner
8 Bals. Rayons
I? Cs. Rayons
12 C. Mdse.
1 Cs. Rayon Goods
6 Pkgs. Mdse.
2 Cs. Aluminum Ware
5 Cs. Door Frame
5 Ctns. Mdsp.
100 Bags Flour
2 Carboy Acid
1 c/s shirts
2 Bales Mats
Glassware
5 ctns. Pillows
1 pkg-. Thread


4 c/s Rayon Pc. Goods
Menthol Crystals
Plumbing and Eleo. Fixtures
Gas Stoves
1 (c/ Enamel Chambers
1 ctn. (onnectors
1 cfs Paper Rolls


Amount.
$
80.00
46.00
59.85
57.96
3.27
116.00
31.00
5.00
12.00
10.00
10.00
85.95

700.00
110.00
58.00
150.00
28.00
35.00
110.00
102.00
20.00
120.00
60.00
50.00
50.00
6.30


176.00
10.00
145.00
40.00
22.00
5 00
27.00







November 17, 1960] '1 HE ANTIGUA, MONTSERRAT & VIRGIN ISLANDS GAZETTE.
LIST OF GOODS-(Cont'd)


Date.


14
June 11
August 11
August 26


Importer.


Win. Wyre
Kallil Shoul
Kallil Shoul
Kallil Shoul


G. W. B. Bryson


September 17
,October 20
24
November 4
13
December 8

1959.
January 17
February 10


March 24
April 1
May 16
20
June 6
9
30

*September 26
November 2

7
10
24

25
27
24
December 3
7
18
24


R. C. Goodwin
O'Neal's Drug Store
Antigua Castors Enterprises Ltd.
M. Dickenson
Irving E. A. Barnes
K. Shoul


N. A. Fuller
S. R. Mendes
P. M. Jarvis
Alex. Parrish
Antigua Modern
Antigua Laundry
Mr. J. French
S. R. Mendes
Kallil Shoul
White Sands Hotel
S. R. Mendes
White Sands Hotel
Gordon Slack
Jack Johnson
Miami Bazaar
J. A. N. Brown, Jr.
V. E. B. Nicholson
Miami Bazaar
T. J. Topping
Kensington House
Cecil Isaac
Anchorage Hotel
Jose Anjo
Antigua Ice & Cold Storage

Samuel Blair


Article.


4 Refrigerators
1 c/s Pc. Goods
2 pkts. Paint
1 bale Vests
2 boxes Hats
1 crate Household Effects
1 pkge. Bed Linen
1 pkge. Clothing
Alcolada
Building Materials
4 m/c Tyres; 1 c/s Yeast
1 box Casket, etc.
1 pkge. Motor Spares


1 c/s concrete machine
1 Gas Range
15 bags Oatmeal
1 Typewriter
1 c/s Cottons
1 c/s Laundry Sundries
9 crates Dry Cleaning Equipment
1 pkge. Stationery
3 pkges. Motor Spares
1 bale Fabrics
2 ctns. Outboard Motors
1 pkge. Card Files
1 pkge. Men's Jerseys
1 pkge. Tools
1 c/s. Machine-3 cls razor
Aluminum Sheets
3 c/s Transmitting Set
4 bales; 1 c/s Goods
1 ctn. Toilet Prep.
2 steelshower cabinets
1 Gasket
16 ctns. Merchandise
1 pkge. Jewellery
1 pkge. Water Pump
1 pkge. Auto Parts
Personal Effects


Printed at the Government Printin Office, Antigua, Leewtad Isltdas,
by EARL PIGOTT, Gormynent Printoes-By Authority.
1960


245


Amount.

270.00
195.00
10,00
84.00
60.00
17.00
28.0
17.50
7.00
550.00
17.00
18.00
35.00


50.00
147.15
10.08
67.00
90.00
36.40
1100.55
20.16
34.00
28.00
181.00
2.10
8.40
7.00
40.00
10.00
560.00
434.20
25.00
40.00
.50
315 00
718.74
6.30
2.10
30.00


[Price $2.63]














STATUTORY RULES ORDERSR. E
1960, No. 38.


CIVIL AVIATION.
THE AIR NAVIGATION (GENERAL) REGULATIONS, 1960, DATED 4TII
NOvEMBE'R, 1960, MADE BY THE ADMINISTRATOR IN EXERCISE OF
TIHE POWERS CONFERRED UPON HIM BY THE COLONIAL AIR NAVIGA-
TION ORDER, 1955, AS AMENDED.


PART
I
II
III

IV

V

VI

VII
VIII
IX
x
XI
XII
XIII
XIV
XV


ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS
Regulations
General .. 1 to 3
Registration and airworthiness of aircraft ... 4 to 17
Instruments, equipment and safety devices in
aircraft ... 18 to 29
Maintenance and safety precautions for public
transport aircraft ... 30 to 41
Training, &c., of personnel for public transport
aircraft ... 42 to 44
Overhaul, &c., of aircraft,and licensing of
aircraft maintenance engineers ... 45 to 58
Carriage of personnel ... 59 to 65
Student pilot's licence ... 66 to 69
Practice flights ... 70 to 72
Licensing of members of operating crew ... 73 to 208
Towing ... 209 to 212
Flying instructions ... 213 to 219
Captive balloons, kites and moored airships ... 220 to 224
Aerodromes ... 225 to 227
Revocation ... 228
PART I.


GENERAL.

X 1. SHORT TITLE. These Regulations may be cited as the Air
Navigation (General) Regulations, 1960.
V 57S-f
Z ;







2. INTERPRETATION. (1)


Administrator means the officer for the time being admin-
istering the Government of the Colony, and includes, in
relation to any purpose of these Regulations, any person
authorised by the Administrator for that purpose, and
references to a person authorised by the Administrator
include references to the holder for the time being of any
office designated by the Administrator;
"Aeroplane" means a flying machine supported in flight by
fixed wings;
Alternate aerodrome" means an aerodrome selected prior to
take-off to which a flight may proceed when a landing at
the intended destination becomes inadvisable;
Approved means approved by the Administrator;
"Night" means the hours of darkness between sunset and
sunrise, or such other period between sunset and sunrise
as may be prescribed by the appropriate authority;

Provided that it shall be deemed to be night when,
between the hours of sunset and sunrise, any unlighted
aircraft or other unlighted prominent object cannot clearly
be seen at a distance of at least 5,000 yards;
Private aircraft" means any aircraft other than a public
transport or aerial work aircraft, and any reference to a
private aircraft of any class shall be construed accordingly;
Regulation means a regulation of these Regulations;
Second pilot" means a pilot duly licensed under the provi-
sions of the Order and performing piloting duties under
the direction of the pilot in charge of the aircraft;
"The Order" means the Colonial Air Navigation Order, 1955,
as amended from time to time.

(2) The Interpretation and General Clauses Act, 1955 (No. 12 of
1955) applies for the purposes of the interpretation of these Regulations
as it applies for the purpose of the interpretation of an Ordinance.

3. Subject and without prejudice to the provisions of Regulation
2, expressions used in these Regulations shall, unless the contrary
intention otherwise requires, hive the same respective meanings as
in the Order.


In these Regulations-








PART II.
REGISTRATION AND AIRWORTHINESS OF AIRCRAFT
4. With reference to Article 3 of the Order, application for the
registration of an aircraft in the Colony should be made to the Adminis-
trator, on a form which will be supplied by him on request.
5. The register of aircraft registered in the Colony shall be kept
so as to show in relation to each aircraft registered in that register, in
addition to the registered owner, the following particulars:-
(a) the number of the certificate of registration;
(b) the nationality and registration marks;
(c) the make of the aircraft;
(d) the serial number of the aircraft;
(e) the address of the registered owner;
( f ) the date on which the entry was made in the register.
6. With reference to Article 12 (8) of the Order, application for
the issue or renewal of a certificate of airworthiness or for the validation
or renewal of a validation of such a certificate shall be made to the Ad-
ministrator on the appropriate form which will be supplied by him on
request.
7. In the following provisions of this Part, unless the context
otherwise requires, reference to an aircraft shall be construed as including
its engines, components, accessories, instruments, equipment and appara-
tus, and their installations.
Classification of aircraft
8. With reference to Article 12 (7) of the Order, on the issue of :
certificate of airworthiness or a validation of such a certificate the aircraft
to which the certificate or validation relates will be classified in accord-
ance with the scheme of classification specified in Regulation 9, and the
certificate or validation, as the case may be, will be endorsed accordingly.
9. (1) Every flying machine or glider will be classified as belong-
ing to one or more of the following categories and to one or more of the
following sub-divisions:-
(i) Normal Category-
Sub-division (a); public transport for passengers.
Sub-division (b); public transport for mails.
Sub-division (c); public transport for goods.
Sub-division (d); private.
Sub-division (e); aerial work.
Sub-division (A); demonstration.
Sub-division (i); crew familiarisation.








(ii) Semi-Aerobatic Category-
Sub-divisions (a) to (e) and (h) and (i) as in the
Normal Category.
(iii) Aerobatic Category-
Sub-divisions (a) to (e) and (h) and (i) as in the
Normal Category.
(iv) Special Category-
Sub-division (f); racing or record.
Sub-division (g); research or experimental.
Sub-divisions (h); and (i) as in the N or m a
Category.

(2) Every airship or balloon will be similarly classified as belonging
to one or more of the foregoing categories and to one or more of the tore-
Yoinig sub-divisions in so far as such categories and sub-divisions are
appropriate to an airship or a balloon.
(3) (a) The categories and sub-divisions proposed for an aircraft
should be stated on the form of application for the issue of a certificate
Af airworthiness or a validation. Where it is desired to have the aircraft
classified in sub-division (e), (f), (g), (h) or (i) the application should
iso indicate the particular purposes for which it is proposed to use the
aircraft.
(b) An application for the re-classification of an aircraft should
ae made in writing and forwarded to the Administrator. The Aircraft
nay be re-classified if the aircraft confrms to the requirements applicable
:o the proposed re-classification.
Restrictions on use of aircraft according to classification
10. An aircraft registered in the Colony and being flown in accord-
ince with a certificate of airworthiness or a validation of such a certificate
issued under the Order may be used only in such manner and for such
purposess as may be specified in that certificate of airwvorthiness or valida-
ion in accordance with the category and sub-divisions thereof in which
;he aircraft is classified.
Special provisions as to experimental or test flights, 11. With reference to Article 2 and paragraph (2) (b) of Article
1 of the Order which relate respectively to the flying within the Colony
of unregistered aircraft and to the flying within the Colony of aircraft
vithoLIt a certificate of airworthiness being in force in respect thereof, the
rescriled conditions are as set out hereunder:-
(a) the flight shall not contravene any of the provisions of the
Order; and








(b) either the A Conditions" or the B Conditions specified
below shall be complied with.
(Alternatively, a flight may be carried out in accordance with such
conditions or limitations as may be specified in a special permission in
writing given by the Administrator for the purpose.)
A Conditions


B Condition


(i) An application for the issue or renewal of a certifi-
cate of airworthiness in respect of the aircraft or of
a validation of such a certificate or an application
for the approval of modifications under Regulation
46, shall have been made prior to the flight.
(ii) The aircraft shall be either a series aircraft or an
aircraft in respect of which a certificate of airworthi-
ness or a validation of such a certificate has already
been issued under the provisions of the Order.
(iii) The flight shall be carried out only for the purpose
of either qualifying for the issue or renewal of a
certificate of airworthiness or a validation of such a
certificate or obtaining the approval (,f modifi,-ation..
(iv) The aircraft shall not fly over any town or populous
area, over any assembly of persons in the open air,
or over any aerodrome where at the time conditions
are such as to make the flying of the aircraft
dangerous.
(v) The flight shall not have been forbidden by the
Administrator.
ns
(i) The flight shall be carried out under the control of
a person or firm approved in writing for the pur-
pose of these B Conditions and subject to any
conditions or limitations attached to such approval.
(ii) The flight shall be carried out only for the purpose
of qualifying for the issue or renewal of a certificate
of airworthiness or of a validation of such a certifi-
cate, or for the purpose of obtaining the approval of
modifications under Regulation 46, or for the purpose
of or in connection with any other experiment or
test.
(iii) The aircraft shall, if unregistered, be marked in a
manner approved for the purpose of these B Condi-
tions.
(iv) The aircraft shall not fly over any town or populous
area, over any assembly of persons in the open air,
or over any aerodrome where at the time conditions
are such as to make the flying of the aircraft
danreroIns.








12. With reference to Article 14 and Article 43 of the Order the
following provisions shall apply to every flying machine or glider regis-
tered in the Colony in respect of which a certificate of airworthiness
issued or rendered valid under the Order is or has been in force.

18. The aircraft shall, under arrangements to be made by the
operator thereof, be weighed at such times as the Administrator may
-equire and to his satisfaction.
14. The aircraft shall carry, exhibited in a prominent position
inside it a weight schedule giving the following information:-
(a) The nationality and registration marks of the aircraft.
(b) The weight of the aircraft empty, which weight shall
include-
(i) the weight of the liquid in the system if the aircraft
is fitted with liquid-cooled engines and
(ii) the weight of all accessories, instruments, equipment
and apparatus (including radio apparatus) and other
parts which in the opinion of the Administrator
should be regarded as fixed and irremovable.
(c) A list of the accessories, instruments, equipment and
apparatus (including radio apparatus) and other parts
which in the opinion of the Administrator should be re-
garded as fixed and irremovable, which have been included
in the weight of the aircraft empty.
(d) A list of the accessories, instruments, equipment and
apparatus and other parts (excluding radio apparatus and
radio parts) which in the opinion of the Administrator
should be regarded as not fixed but removable, together with
details of their respective weights.

(e) A list of the radio apparatus and radio parts which in the
opinion of the Administrator should be regarded as re-
movable, together with details of their respective weights.

15. The aircraft shall also bear clearly painted upon the outside
in a prominent position:-
(a) its weight empty (i. e. the weight referred to at (b) in
Regulation 14); and
(b) the maximum total weight authorised for the aircraft as
shown for the time being in its certificate of airworthiness,








16. Whenever any alteration affecting the particulars or weights
ente ed in the weight schedule is made, the weight schedule carried in the
aircraft in accordance with Regulation 14 shall be amended or replaced
by a revised schedule.
17. Whenever the aircraft is weighed in accordance with Regula-
lation 13, the fixed accessories, instruments, equipment, apparatus and
parts shall be checked against the particulars entered in the weight sched-
ule referred to in Regulation 14.

PART III
INSTRUMENTS, EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY DEVICES IN AIRCRAFT
18. The requirements of this Part are prescribed for the purposes
of paragraphs (2) and (3) of Article 33 of the Order.
19. (1) The instruments and equipment specified in this Part
shall be of approved types and shall be installed or stowed in the aircraft
in a manner approved for the purpose of securing their satisfactory
functioning, except that the following may be of any type suitable for
the purpose and may be installed or carried in any manner which will
ensure that they can be used effectively as and when required:-
Maps and charts.
The navigational instruments referred to in paragraph (9) (b)
of Regulation 23.
The apparatus referred to in paragraph (4) (b) of Regula-
tion 23.
Timepieces.
Chart tables.
First aid kits.
Sea anchors droguess)
Torches.
Whistles.
Sound signals.
Equipment for mooring or for anchoring.
Mooring lights.
(2) First aid kits shall contain equipment suitable for render-
ing first aid in any accident that may occur and sufficient for the purpose
having regard to the number of persons on board the aircraft and shall
include the following items:-
Materials: Bandages, triangul r bandages, absorbent gauze,
adhesive plaster, white absorbent lint, cotton wool. (or
wound dressings in place of these two items) burn dress-
ings, safety pins.








Instruments: Haemostatic bandage or tourniquet, scissors.
Drugs: Antiseptic, analgesic, stimulant.

20. For the purposes of paragraph (1) of Regulation 19, instru-
ments and equipment sh:ll be deemed to be of an approved type if
they are of a type which has been certified by the Administrator, or by
any per-on authorised for the purpose by the Administrator, as complying
with a particular specification which is for the time being approved by
the Administrator.

21. The instruments and equipment specified in this Regulation
and in Regulations 22 to 29 shall be carried in an aircraft and the
measures so specified shall be taken in an aircraft in the cases indicated.

ALL FLYING MACHINES
In flying machines for all flights:
(a) The instruments, equipment and devices required for the
issue of a certificate of airworthiness in respect of the
particular aircraft;
(b) Maps or charts to cover the whole route of the proposed
flight and any route to which the pilot in charge of the
flying machine may reasonably expect to be diverted.
Information to which the pilot in charge may need to refer
in flight in order to comply with the Rules of the Air and
Air Traffic Control in Schedule II to the Order;
(c) first aid kit, except in the case of private flying machines;
(d) spar, electrical fuses for all electrical circuits the fuses of
which can be replaced in flight, consisting of 10 per cent.
of the number of each rating, or 3 of each rating, whichever
is the greater.
22. The items specified in this Regulation and in Reculation 23
shall, in so far as they may not be included in the requirements specified
in Regulation 21, also be carried by flying machines in the cases indicated
in this Regulation or in Regulation 23 whichever may be applicable.
(1) In flying machines for flights by night.
(a) Equipment for displaying the lights described in Section
XII of Schedule II to the Order;
(b) in flying machines not equipped with radio communication
apparatus, equipment for making the visual signal specified
in Rule 46 (3) in Schedule II to the Order;







9

(c) adequate electrical illumination, supplied from the main
source of supply in the flying machine, for the instruments
and equipment (including maps) the carriage of which is
prescribed and the illumination of which is necessary to
enable use to be made of them during flight;
(a) turn-and-slip indicator, or a gyroscopic bank and pitch
indicator and a gyroscopic direction indicator.

(2) In flying machines for flights made under Instrument Flight
Rules in Flight Information Regions above the height notified in accordance
with Rule 32 in Schedule II to the Order.
(a) Turn-and-slip indicator, or a gyroscopic bank and pitch
indicator and a gyroscopic direction indicator;
(b) two sensitive altimeters adjustable for changes in barometric
pressure, one of which may be the altimeter required for
the issue of the certificate of airworthiness.

(3) In flying machines for flights made under Instrument Flight
Rules in Flight Inf)rmation Regions below the height notified in accordance
unth Rule 32 in Schedule II to the Order or for flights made in accordance
with a special Visual Flight Rule clearance.
(a) Turn-and-slip indicator, or a gyroscopic bank and pitch
indicator and a gyroscopic direction indicator;
(b) a sensitive altimeter adjustable for changes in barometric
pressure, unless the altimeter required for the issue of the
certificate of airworthiness meets this condition.

(4) In flying machines for flights made under Instrument Flight
Rules in Control Zones and Control Areas.
(a) Turn-and-slip indicator;
(b) gyroscopic bank and pitch indicator;
(c) gyroscopic direction indicator;
(d) two sensitive altimeters adjustable for changes in barome-
tric pressure, one of which may be the altimeter required
for the issue of a certificate of airworthiness;
(e) timepiece with a centre second hand;
(f) means of indicating that the power supply to the gyrosco-
pic instruments is working satisfactorily;
( r) rate of climb and descent indicator:
(h) in flying machines the maximum total wciht authorised
of which exceeds 12,500 lb., a means of indicating the
outside air temperature;








(i) in flying machines the maximum total weight authorised of
which exceeds 12,500 lb., two air speed indicators;
(i) approach chart foreach aerodrome specified in the flight plan.
(5) In flying machines for flights involving aerobatic manoeuvres.
(a) Safety harness for every seat in use.
PUBLIC TRANSPORT FLYING MACHINES

23. (1) For all flights.
(a) (i) Aeroplanes.-Safety harness for every pilot's seat in
use or, in the case of an aeroplane in respect of which an
application for a certificate of airworthiness for the proto-
type thereof was made prior to 1st April, 1949, a safety
belt or safety harness for every pilot's seat in use;
(ii) Helicopters. A safety belt or safety harness for every
pilot's seat in use;
(b) safety belt or safety harness for every passenger's sent and
means of indicating to the passengers when they should
be fastened;
(c) sensitive altimeter adjustable .for changes in barometric
pressure, unless the altimeter required for the issue of the
certificate of airworthiness meets this condition;
(d) timepiece with a centre second hand;
(e) turn-and-slip indicator, or a gyroscopicebank and pitch
indicator and a gyroscopic direction indicator;
(f) such other instruments, equipment and supplies as the
Administrator may, at his discretion, require to be carried
on flights across notified areas where search and rescue
would be especially difficult, or in the particular circum-
stances of the case.
(2) For flights by night or under Instrument Flight Rules by public
*ansport flying machines the maximum total weight authorized of which
rceeds 2,500 lb.
(a) The equipment specified in paragraph (4) of Regulation 22.
(3) For allflights which involve manoeuvres on the water.
(a) Lifejacket, or equivalent, equipped with a waterproof torch
and whistle for each person on board and stowed in a
position easily accessible from the person's seat;








Provided that life jackets or their equivalent constructed
and carried solely for use by children under three years of
age need not be equipped with a whistle and shall, if it is
impracticable to stow them as aforesaid, be stowed in the
position best calculated to ensure their ready availability
for use in emergency.
(b) notices displayed in each passenger compartment stating where
the lifejackets are situated and instructing passengers how to
use them in the event of their being required;
(c) additional flotation equipment, of not less than 20 per cent. of
the capacity of the equipment required under (a) above, pro-
vided in a stowage accessible from outside the flying machine;
(d) equipment of marine type for making, from the surface of the
water, the pyrotechnical signal of distress specified in Rule 67
in Schedule II to the Order;
(e) equipment for mooring or for anchoring appropriate to the
maximum total weight authorized for the flying machine.
(4) For flights which involve manoeucres on the water by flying
machines the maximum total weight authorized of which exceeds 5,000 lb.
(a) Sea anchor droguee);
(b) apparatus, as necessary to facilitate manoeuvring the aircraft
under its own engine power on the water as appropriate to its
weight, size and handling characteristics, and, where such
apparatus is not controlled by the pilot, a communication
system enabling him to instruct the operator thereof as may be
necessary.
(5):For flights over water beyond gliding distance from any coast or
shore.
The equipment and notices specified at (a) and (b) respectively in
paragraph (3) of this Regulation;
(6) For flights by public transport aeroplanes over water during
which at any time they may be at such a distance from the nearest shore
that, while fying in still air at the speed specified in the certificate of
airworthiness, performance schedule or flight manual relating to each such
aeroplane issued or rendered valid by the Administrator as the speed /or
compliance with regulations governing flights over water, they would be
unable to reach the nearest shore in the following times :-
(A) In the case of aeroplanes classified in such certificates of air-
worthiness as aeroplanes of performance group A or C, 90
minutes;








(B) In the case of aeroplanes having no performance group classifi-
cation in such certificates af airworthine.s and satisfying condi-
tion (1) (c) oj Regulation 34, 90 minutes; and
(C) In the case of all other aeroplanes, 30 minutes.
(a) Suitably equipped dinghies of an approved type sufficient
to accommodate all occupants of the aeroplane. Each
dinghy shall carry the following equipment:-
(i) means for maintaining buoyancy;
(ii) a drogue to reduce drift;
(iii) life lines and means of attaching one raft to
another;
(iv) paddles or other means of propulsion;
(v) equipment to protect the occupants from the
elements;
(vi) a waterproof torch;
(vii) mLrine type pyrotechnical distress signals;
(viii) means of making sea water drinkable;
(ix) for each person the dinghy is designed to carry:
8 ounces of glucose toffee tablets;
4 ounces of sweetened condensed milk in durable
containers;
2 pints of fresh water in durable containers;
Provided that in any case in which it is not
reasonably practicable owing to lack of stowage
space in the dinghy to carry the quantities of
condensed milk and water above prescribed, an
equal quantity by weight of glucose toffee
tablets may be substituted for the former and
as large a quantity of fresh water as is reason-
ably practicable in the circumstances may be
substituted for the latter. In no case however
shall the quantity of water carried be less than
is sufficient, when added to the amount of fresh
water capable of being produced by means of
the equipment specified in item (viii) of this
sub-paragraph, to provide 2 pints of water for
each person the dinghy is designed. to carry;
(x) first aid equipment.
(b) The items (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), and (vii) referred to above
shall be of a type approved for operation in the type of
dinghy in which they are installed. The remaining items
do not require approval.








(9) For flights on which a licensed flight navigator is required to b6
on Board.
(a) Chart table;
(b) such navigational instruments as are necessary for the particular
flight;
(c) adequate facilities for the taking of astronomical observations,
including observations for checking the magnetic compass.

(10) For flights when the weather reports available at the time of
departure indicate the probability that conditions predisposing to ice
formation will be encountered.
(a) Means of preventing the formation of or means of removing
such ice on the wings, tail surfaces and control surfaces as
would seriously alter the aero-dynamic characteristics of the
aircraft or interfere with the proper functioning of its flying
controls;
(b) means of preventing the formation of or means of removing
such ice on the propellers as would seriously alter their aero-
dynamic characteristics and, in the case of a variable-pitch
propeller, would interfere with its pitch-changing mechanism;
(c) means of protecting any fixed aerial to ensure that ice accretion
will not interfere with the electrical insulation;
(d) if a non-retractable direction-finding loop is fitted, means of
preventing ice accretion thereon;
(e) such safeguards, whether by heating or otherwise, as are
necessary to ensure that all instruments and equipment
required for use during the flight of the aircraft will continue
to function under icing conditions;

(f) means of preventing the formation of or means of removing
ice on such portion of the pilot's windscreen as is necessary to
provide an adequate view.
(11) For flights on which passengers are carried.
In the case of a flying machine of which, while the flying machine
is at rest on the ground, any external door intended for the disembarka-
tion of passengers whether normally or in an emergency has a sill
which-
(a) is more than six feet from the ground when the under-
carriage of the machine is in the normal position for taxiing, or








(b) would be more than six feet from the ground if the under-
carriage or any part thereof should collapse, break or fail to
function:
apparatus readily available for use at each such door consisting of a
device or devices which

(i) will enable passengers to reach the ground safely in an
emergency while the flying machine is on the ground,
and
(ii) can be readily fixed in position for use.

24. In relation to every flight on which passengers are carried
by a public transport flying machine, the person in command. shall:-
(1) before the aircraft takes off, take all reasonable steps to
ensure that all passengers are made familiar with---
(a) the position and method of use of safety belts, safety
harnesses, emergency exits and all other devices required by
or under the Order and intended for use by passengers indi-
vidually in case of an emergency occurring to the aircraft, and
(b) the position of all other devices required by or under
the Order and intended for use by passengers collectively in
case of such an emergency;
Provided that in relation to lifejackets and other equipment
designed to enable persons to survive in or on the water this require-
ment may, except in the case of a flying boat, be complied with at any
time before the aircraft reaches a point beyond gliding distance from
land;

(2) if the aircraft is not a flying boat, take all reasonable steps to
ensure that before the aircraft reaches a point more than 30 minutes
flying time, determined in the manner specified in paragraph (6) of
Regulation 23 of these Regulations, from the nearest shore, all passen-
gers are given a practical demonstration of the method of use of the
lifejackets and other equipment required by or under the Order and
designed for use by passengers individually in order to enable therr to
survive in or on the water;

(3) if the aircraft is a flying boat, take all reasonable steps to
ensure that before the aircraft takes off all passengers are given a practi-
cal demonstration of the method of use of the equipment referred to in
the preceding paragraph;








(c) Routine maintenance and inspection of dinghies and
dinghy equipment shall be carried out to ensure that they
are maintained in a serviceable condition.
(d) The method of stowage of dinghies required by sub-para-
graph (a) above and the method of launching shall be
such as to ensure the most expeditious and efficient use of
them in the event of a forced landing of the aeroplane.
(e) The equipment specified in (vi) to (x) of sub-paragraph
(a) shall be contained in a pack and one such pack shall
be stowed with each dinghy so that it is immediately
available when the dinghy is launched.
(f) For every four or proportion of four dinghies, one dinghy
radio transmitter shall be carried in the aeroplane in the
position in which it would be most readily available for
use in an emergency. The radio transmitter shall be of
an approved type and the method of stowage in the aero-
plane and subsequent operation in the dinghy shall be
approved.
(g) In the case of flights over water by flying machines other
than aeroplanes, such items of equipment shall be carried
as the Administrator may require. (Particulars of these
requirements may be obtained from the Administrator.)
(7) For flights by night-
(a) The flying machine shall be equipped with landing lights con-
sisting of two single-filament or one dual-filament lamp with
separately energised filaments;
1b) every passenger compartment in the flying machine shall be
illuminated and the lighting system providing that illumina-
tion shall be of approved type, design and construction;
(c) (i) if the flying machine is authorised by the certificate of air-
worthiness relating thereto issued or rendered valid by the
Administrator to carry more than nineteen persons over three
years of age, the flying machine shall be equipped with two
electric torches, and with an emergency lighting system of
approved type, design and construction providing illumination
in the passenger compartments which will facilitate the evacua-
tion of the flying machine in the event of the failure of the
lighting system specified in sub-paragraph (b) of this paragraph;
and (ii) in every other case the flying machine shall he
equipped with one electric torch for each member of the
personnel of the flying machine;








(d) a public transport flying machine the maximum total weight
authorised of which exceeds 12,500 lb. shall be equipped with
means of observing the existence and build-up of ice on the
aircraft.
(8) For a flight in the course of which a height of 10,000 feet or
nore above mean sea level is reached.
(a) By a flying machine in which a pressure greater than 700
millibars is maintained throughout the flight in the control
compartment and in every compartment in which passengers
are carried- r
A supply of oxygen sufficient, in the event of failure to
maintain such pressure, for continuous use by all the per-
sonnel of the flying machine during the whole time in which
after such failure the flying machine flies at a height exceed-
ing 10,000 feet above mean sea level, together with suitable
and sufficient apparatus for the use of the oxygen by the
personnel of the flying machine;

(b) by any other flying machine-
(i) A supply of oxygen sufficient for continuous use by
all the personnel of the flying machine and, if
passengers are carried, by 30 per cent. of the passen-
gers during any time exceeding 20 minutes in which
the flying machine flies at a height exceeding 10,000
feet and not exceeding 13,000 feet above mean sea
level, together with suitable and sufficient apparatus
for the use of the oxygen by the personnel of the
flying machine and, if passengers are carried, by 30
per cent. of the passengers;
(ii) a supply pf oxygen sufficient for continuous use by all
the personnel of the flying machine and, if passen-
gers are carried, by all the passengers, during the
whole time in which the flying machine flies at a height
exceeding 13,000 feet above mean sea level, together
with suitable and sufficient apparatus for the use
of the oxygen by the personnel of the flying machine
and, if passengers are carried, by the passengers;

(iii) for flights on which passengers are carried and in the
course of which the flying machine flies at a height
exceeding 13,000 feet above mean sea level, means of
indicating to every passenger when the use of
oxygen is recommended.








(4) before the aircraft takes off, and before it lannds, take all reason-
,ble steps to ensure that the personnel of the aircraft are properly
securedd in their seats and that the steward or stewardess, if any, is
secured in a seat which, if the aircraft is required by or under the Order
;o carry a steward or stewardess, shall be in a passenger compartment
md which shall in any event be so located in the aircraft that he or she
;an readily assist passengers if necessary;

(5) before the aircraft takes off, and before it lands, and whenever
)y reason of turbulent air or any emergency occurring during flight he
considerss the precaution necessary, take all reasonable steps to ensure
hat all passengers are properly secured in their seats by safety belts or
safetyy harnesses;

(6) in any emergency, take all reasonable steps to ensure that all
passengerss are instructed in the emergency action which they should
;ake;

(7) except in a case where a pressure greater than 700 millibars ii
maintained in all passenger and crew compartments throughout the
light, take all reasonable steps to ensure that, before the aircraft reaches
in altitude of 13,000 feet above mean sea level, the method of use of the
>xygen provided in the aircraft in compliance with the requirements ol
these Regulations is demonstrated to all passengers; that on reaching
such altitude all passengers are recommended to use oxygen; and thai
it all times when the aircraft is flying at an altitude exceeding 13,00(
feet above mean sea level, oxygen is used by all personnel of the aircraft

(8) take all reasonable steps to ensure that at all times during th<
flight there is a pilot at the controls of the aircraft who is properly
secured in his seat.

GLIDERS.

25. In public transport and aerial work gliders.
The instruments, equipment and devices required for the issue of i
certificate of airworthiness in respect of the particular glider. Sucl
additional instruments and equipment as the Administrator may, at hi
discretion, require to be carried in the particular case.
26. The items specified in this Regulation shall, in so far as the,
may not be included in the requirements specified in Regulation 25, alsl
be carried by gliders in the cases respectively indicated.








(1) In all gliders for flights by night.
(a) Equipment for displaying the lights described in Rule 72
in Schedule II to the Order;
(b) adequate electrical illumination, supplied from the main
source of supply in the glider, for the instruments and equipment
(including maps) required to be carried and the illumination of
which is necessary to enable use to be made of them during flight.
(2) In all gliders for flights involving aerobatic manoeuvres.
Safety harness for every seat in use.

FREE BALLOONS.

27. (1) For all flights.
(a) Equipment necessary for making the pyrotechnical
signal of distress specified in Rule 67 in Schedule II to the
Order;
(b) such other instruments and equipment as the Admin-
istrator may, at his discretion, require to be carried in the
particular case.
(2) In addition for flights by night.
Equipment for displaying the lights described in Rule 73 in
Schedule II to the Order.

CAPTIVE BALLOONS.
28. For all flights.
(a) Such instruments and equipment as the Administra-
tor may, at his discretion, require to be carried in the particu-
lar case;
(b) equipment for displaying the lights and markings
specified in Part XIII of these Regulations.

DUPLICATION ON CERTAIN INSTRUMENTS.
29. If any instrument, indicator or gauge required under this
Part to be provided and fitted in an aircraft is not, in the opinion of the
Administrator conveniently visible for the performance of his duties to
any member of the operating crew from his ordinary place of duty, a
further such instrument, indicator or gauge, so disposed as to be con-
veniently visible to him, shall be provided and fitted in the aircraft.







PAItT IV
MAINTENANCE AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR PBItIC TRANSPORT
AIRCRAFT
Certificates of Maintenance.
80. (1) With reference to Article 16 of the Order the operator
of an aircraft registered in the Colony which carries or is intended by
the operator for carrying passengers or goods for hire or reward shall
obtain the approval in writing of the Administrator to maintenance
schedules in respect of the aircraft and shall incorporate therein any
amendments which may from time to time be required by the Adminis-
trator.
(2) The following provisions shall apply to the maintenance and
inspection of any such aircraft carried out in connection wi;h the issue
of a certificate of maintenance:-
(a) Prior to the issue of a certificate of maintenance the
operator of the aircraft shall furnish such information as may
be necessary to enable the aircraft maintenance engineers who
are to sign the certificate to be satisfied that up to the date of
issue of such certificate all maintenance and inspection
required to be carried out in accordance with the approved
maintenance schedules for the aircraft have been so carried
out;
(b) The aircraft (including its prescribed instruments
and equipment but excluding its engines and engine install.
tion and all instruments relating thereto) shall, subject to the
provisions of sub-paragraph (d) of this paragraph, be certified
in the form and manner shown in Regulation 31 by the holder
of an aircraft maintenance engineer's licence in Category A in
respect of such aircraft;
(c) In the case of a flying machine or an airship, the
engines and engine installations and the prescribed instruments
relating thereto shall, subject to the provisions of sub-para-
graph (d) of this paragraph, be certified in the form and
manner shown in Regulation 31 by the holder of an aircraft
maintenance engineer's licence in Category C in respect of
such engines;
(d) The aircraft and engines may be certified by the
same aircraft maintenance engineer if he is the holder of an
aircraft maintenance engineer's licence both in Category A
and Category C in respect of such aircraft and engines:






s0

Provided that the compasses may be adjusted and com-
pensated by the holder of an airline transport pilot's licence,
a senior commercial pilot's licence or t flight navigator's
licence, who shall certify to that effect on the deviation
cards. In such case the next subsequent certificate of
maintenance issued may be altered by inserting after the
word equipment the words other than compasses ".
Such alteration to a certificate of maintenance shall be
initialled by the aircraft maintenance engineer who issues
the certificate.
81. The certificate of maintenance issued in accordance with the
provisions of Article 16 of the Order shall, according to the class of the
aircraft concerned, be in one of the following forms, or in such other
form as may be approved for the purpose:-

(1) In the case of a flying machine or an airship:-

CERTIFICATE OF MAINTENANCE*

Flying M machine Type or Airship Type..............................................................................

N nationality and Registration M arks ........................................................................... ...

I HEREBY certify that the above aircraft includingg its prescribed instru-
ments and equipment, but excluding the engines and engine installations and
all instruments relating thereto) has been maintained and inspected in accor-
ance with the approved maintenance schedules and that adjustments and
rectifioations found necessary have been made and inspected to my satisfaction.

Signed .............. ............................................................... ....... ..

Aircraft Maintenance Engineer: Licence No....................

T im e of Issue ............................. ...... ........................................

D ated at................................................ this ....................day of ........................................., 19............

Period of validity.................................................. days from the time of issue or

upon completion by the aircraft of .....................................f.....lying hours whichever

is the shorter period.
NOTE: This certificate includes the attachment of the radio apparatus to the aircraft
itruoture, and the condition of the earth system of the aircraft, including the bonding and soreen-
ag to ensure suppression of high frequency electiioal interference. It does not include the radio
apparatus.






21

I HEREBY certify that the engines and engine installations
(including the prescribed instruments relating thereto) of the above aircraft
have been maintained and inspected in accordance with the approved
maintenance schedules and that adjustments and rectifications found necessary
have been made and inspected to my satisfaction.


Signed... ................... ., ..........................o.........................................


Aircraft Maintenance Engineer: Licence No.................


T im e of Issue............ .....................................................................


D ated at .......... .. ................th is ..............................day of ............................................... 19................

Period of validity ................................days from the time of issue or upon

completion by the aircraft of......................................flying hours whichever is

the shorter period.

(2) In the case of a free balloon:-

CERTIFICATE OF MAINTENANCE'

Free Balloon Type ..................................................................


N ationality and Registration M arks ........................................................................................

I HEREBY certify that the above aircraft (including its prescribed
instruments and equipment) has been maintained and inspected in accordance
with the approved maintenance schedules and that adjustments and rectifica-
tions found necessary have been made and inspected to my satisfaction.

S ig n ed ..................................................................................................................

Aircraft Maintenance Engineer: Licence No..........................

T im e of Issu .........................................................................

D ated at.............................................. th is .............................. d ay of ....................... .................. 19............

Period of validity ...........days from the time of issue or upon

completion by the aircraft of ...............flying hours whichever is

the shorter period.
Note: This certificate includes the attachment of the radio apparatus to the aircraft
structure, and the condition of the earth system of the aircraft, including the bonding and screen-
ing to ensure suppression of high frequency electrical interference. It does not include the radio
apparatus.








(3) In the case of a captive balloon:-
CERTIFICATE OF MAINTENANCE*
Captive Balloon Type..........................................................................
Nationality and Registration Marks........................................................


I HEREBY certify that the above aircraft (including its prescribed instruments
and equipment and also the winch and cable by which it is operated) has been
maintained and inspected in accordance with the approved maintenance schedules
and that adjustments and rectifications found necessary have been made and
inspected to my satisfaction.
Signed.................................................

Aircraft Maintenance Engineer: Licence No.............
Time of Issue.........................................

Dated at..................... this................................ day of.................... 19......

Period of validity.....................days from the time of issue or upon completion

by the aircraft of..................... flying hours whichever is the shorter period.,
(4) In the case of a glider:-
CERTIFICATE OF MAINTENANCE*
G lider T ype..........................................................................................
Nationality and Registration Marks............................................................

I HEREBY certify that the above aircraft (including its prescribed instruments
and equipment and also its towing gear) has been maintained and inspected in
accordance with the approved maintenance schedules and that adjustments and
rectifications found necessary have been made and inspected to my satisfaction.
Signed...........................................

Aircraft Maintenance Engineer: Licence No..............
Tim e of Issue........................................

D ated at ............... .......thi9..,...... day of.....................................,19......
Period of validity................ days fromn the time of isiue or upon completion
by the aircraft of......................... flying hours whichever is the shorter period.

32. Every certificate nf maintenance required by Article 16 of the
Order shall be prepared in ink or indelible pencil.
*NOTB: This certificate includes the attaehineri of the radio apparatus to the airoraft
structure, and the condition of the earth system of the aircraft, including the bAnding and
soroening to ensure suppression of high frequency electricml iuterferensg,
& does Mot incude t00 radio Opparatug,








Requirements as to the Weight and Performance of Public Transport
Aeroplanes: General provisions
33. (1) The, assessment of the ability of an aeroplane to comply
with the requirements of Regulations 33 to 38 inclusive (relating to
weight and performance) shall be based on the specified information as to
its performance:
Provided that, if, in the case of an aeroplane in respect of which
there is in force under the Order a certificate of airworthiness which does
not include a performance group classification, the assessment may be
based on the best information available to the person in command of the
aircraft, in so far as the relevant information is not specific d.
(2) In assessing the ability of an aeroplane to comply with condition
(7) of Regulation 34, conditions (4) and (5) of Regulation 35 and con-
ditions (2) (i) (b) and (2) (ii) of Regulation 37, account may be tnken
of any reduction of the weight of the aeroplane which may be achieved
after the failure of a power unit by such jettisoning of fuel as is feasible
and prudent in the circumstances of the flight and in accordance with
the flight manual included in the certificate of airworthiness relating to
the aircraft.
(3) In Regulations 33 to 37 inclusive unless the context otherwise
requires:-
"specified" in relation to an aircraft means specified in, or
ascertainable by reference to-
(i) the certificate of airworthiness in force under the Order in
respect of that aircraft; or
(ii) the flight manual or performance schedule included in that
certificate;
"the emergency distance available means the distance from the
point on the surface of the aerodrome at which the aeroplane can
commence its take-off run to the nearest point in the direction of
take-off at which the aeroplane cannot roll over the surface of the
aerodrome and be brought to rest in an emergency without risk of
accident;
the landing distance available means the distance from the
point on the surface of the aerodrome above which the aeroplane can
commence its landing, having regard to the obstructions in its
approach path, to the nearest point in the direction of landing at
which the surface of the aerodrome is incapable of bearing the
weight of the aeroplane under normal operating conditions or at
which there is an obstacle capable of affecting the safety of the
aeroplane;







the take-off distance available means either the distance from
the point on the surface of the aerodrome at which the aeroplane can
commence its take-off run to the nearest obstacle in the direction of
take-off projecting above the surface of the aerodrome and capable of
affecting the safety of the aeroplane or one and one half times the
take-off run available, whichever is the less;
the take-off run available means the distance from the point on
the surface of the aerodrome at which the aeroplane can commence
its take-off run to the nearest point in the direction of take-off at
which the surface of the aerodrome is incapable of bearing the weight
of the aeroplane under normal operating conditions.
(4) For the purposes of Regulations 33 to 37 inclusive-
(a) the weight of the aeroplane at the commencement of the take-off
run shall be taken to be its gross weight including everything
and everyone carried in or on it at the commencement of the
take-off run;
(b) where any distance referred to in paragraph (3) of this Regula-
tion has been declared in respect of any aerodrome by the
authority responsible for regulating air navigation over the
territory of the Contracting State in which the aerodrome is
situate, and in the case of an aerodrome in the Colony, notified,
that distance shall be deemed to be the revelant distance.
(5) Nothing in Regulations 33 to 38 inclusive shall apply to any
aircraft flying solely for the purpose of training persons to perform duties
in aircraft.
Weight and Performance of Public Transport Aeroplanes having
no Performance Group Classification in their Certificates of
Airworthiness
34. With reference to Article 17 (4) of the Order, a public
transport aeroplane registered in the Colony in respect of which there is
in force under the Order a certificate of airworthiness which does not
include a performance group classification shall not fly unless the weight
of the aeroplane at the commencement of the take-off run is such that
such of the conditions in this Regulation as are revelait to that aircraft
are satisfied, that is to say-
conditions (1) and (2) apply to all such aeroplanes;
conditions (3) to (9) apply to all such aeroplanes
(i) which are of a specified maximum authorised weight
exceeding 12o500 lb., or







(ii) the specified maximum authorised weight of which does
not exceed 12,500 lbs. and which do not comply with
condition (1) (a) and condition (1) (b);
conditions (10) to (17) inclusive apply to all such aeroplanes of a
specified maximum authorised weight not exceeding 12,500 lbs. to
which conditions (3) to (9) do not apply.
All aeroplanes
(1) Either-
(a) the wing loading of the aeroplane does not exceed 20 lb. per
foot; or
(b) the stalling speed of the aeroplane in the landing configuration
does not exceed 60 knots; or
(c) the aeroplane, with any one of its power units inoperative
and the remaining power unit or units operating within the
maximum continuous power conditions specified, is capable of a
gradient of climb of at least 1 in 200 at an altitude of 5,000 feet
in the specified international standard atmosphere.
(2) The weight of the aeroplane at the commencement of the take-off
run does not exceed the maximum take-off weight, if any, specified for the
altitude and the air temperature at the aerodrome at which the take-off is
to be made.
Aeroplanes of a specified maximum authorised weight exceeding 12,500 lb,
and aeroplanes of a specified maximum authorised weight not exceed-
ing 12,500 lb. which do not comply with condition (1) (a) and
condition (1) (b)
(3) (a) The distance required by the aeroplane to attain a height of
50 feet, with all power units operating within the maximum take-off
power conditions specified, does not exceed the take-off run available at the
aerodrome at which the take-off is to be made.
(b) The distance required by the aeroplane to attain a height of
50 feet with all power units operating within the maximum take-off
aower conditions specified, when multiplied by a factor of either 1.33 for
leroplanes having two power units or by a factor of 1.18 for aeroplanes
having four power units, does not exceed the emergency distance available
it the aerodrome at which the take-off is to be made.
(c) For the purposes of sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of this condition
:he distance required by the aeroplane to attain a height of 50 feet shall
be that appropriate to:-








(i) the weight of the aeroplane at the commencement of the take-
off run;
(ii) the altitude at the aerodrome;
(iii) the air temperature at the aerodrome;
(iv) the slope of the surface of the aerodrome in the direction of
take-off over the take-off run available and the emergency
distance available, respectively; and
(v) not more than 50 per cent. of the reported wind component
opposite to the direction of take-off or not less than 150 per
cent. of the reported wind component in the direction of
take-off.
(4) (a) The take-off flight path with one power unit inoperative and
the remaining power unit or units operating within the maximum take-
off power condition specified, appropriate to:-
(i) the weight of the aeroplane at the commencement of the
take-off run;
(ii) the altitude at the aerodrome;
(iii) the air temperature at the aerodrome;
(iv) not more than 50 per cent. of the reported wind component
opposite to the direction of take-off or not less than 150 per
cent of the reported wind component in the direction of
take-off,
and plotted from a point 50 feet above the end of the appropriate
factored distance required for take-off under condition (3) (b) of this
Regulation at the aerodrome at which the take-off is to be made,
shows that the aeroplane will clear any obstacle in its path by a verti-
cal interval of at least 35 feet except that if it is intended that an aero-
plane shall change its direction by more than 150 the vertical interval
shall be not less than 50 feet during the change of direction.
(b) For the purpose of sub-paragraph (4) (a) hereof an obstacle
shall be deemed to be in the path of the aeroplane if the distance
from the obstacle to the nearest point on the ground below the
intended line of flight does not exceed:-
(i) a distance of 200 feet plus half the wing span of the aeroplane
plus of the distance from such point to the end of the
take-off distance available, measured along the intended line of
flight, or
(ii) 5,000 feet,
whichever is the less.








(c) In assessing the ability of the aeroplane to satisfy this condition,
it shall not be assumed to make a change of direction of a radius less than
a radius of steady turn corresponding to an angle of bank of 15.
(5) The aeroplane will, in the meteorological conditions expected for
the flight, in the event of any one power unit becoming inoperative at any
point on its route or on any planned diversion therefrom and with the
other power units or unit operating within the maximum continuous
power conditions specified, be capable of continuing the flight clearing
obstacles within 10 nautical miles either side of the intended track by a
vertical interval of at least:-
(a) 1,000 feet when the gradient of the flight path is not less
than zero; or
(b) 2,000 feet when the gradient of the flight path is less than
zero, to an aerodrome at which it can comply with condition
(9) of this Regulation, and on arrival over such aerodrome
the flight path shall have a positive gradient of not less than
1 in 200 at 1,500 feet above the aerodrome.
(6) The aeroplane will, in the meteorological conditions expected for
the flight, at any point on its route or on any planned diversion therefrom
be capable of climbing at a gradient of at least 1 in 50, with all power
units operating within the maximum continuous power conditions
specified, at the following altitudes:-
(a) the minimum altitudes for safe flight on each stage of the route
to be flown or of any planned diversion therefrom specified in,
or calculated from the information contained in, the operations
manual relating to the aeroplane; and
(b) the minimum altitudes necessary for compliance with
conditions (5) and (7), as appropriate, of this Regulation
(7) If on the route to be flown or any planned diversion therefrom,
the aeroplane will be engaged in a flight over water during which at any
Doint it may be more than 90 minutes flying time in still air from the
nearest shore, it will in the event of two power units becoming inoperative
luring such time and with the other power units or unit operating within
he maximum continuous power conditions specified be capable of
:ontinning the flight having regard to the meteorological conditions
expected for the flight, clearing all obstacles within 10 nautical miles either
!ide of the intended track by a vertical interval of at least 1,000 feet, to
in aerodrome at which a safe landing can be made.
(8) The weight of the aeroplane at the estimated time of landing
hereinafter in this Regulation called "the landing weight") allowing
or the weight of the fuel and oil expected to be used on the flight







to the aerodrome of intended destination or alternate aerodrome, as the
case may be, will not exceed the maximum landing weight, if any,
specified for the altitude and the expected air temperature for the
estimated time of landing at the aerodrome at which it is intended to
land and at any alternate aerodrome.
(9) The distance required by the aeroplane to land from a height of
50 feet does not, at the aerodrome at which it is intended to land and at
any alternate aerodrome, exceed 70 per cent. of the landing distance
available on:-
(i) the most suitable runway for a landing in still air conditions;
and
(ii) the runway that may be required for landing because of the
forecast wind conditions,
the distance required to land from a height of 50 feet being taken
to be that appropriate to:-
(a) the landing weight;
(b) the altitude at the aerodrome;
(c) the temperature in the specified international standard
atmosphere appropriate to the altitude at the aerodrome;
(d) (i) a level surface in the case of runways usable in both
directions;
(ii) the average slope of the runway in the case of runways
usable in only one direction; and
(e) (i) still air conditions in the case of the most suitable runway
for a landing in still air conditions;
(ii) not more than 50 per cent. of the forecast wind component
opposite to the direction of landing or not less than 150 per
cent. of the forecast wind component in the direction of landing
in the case of the runway that may be required for landing
because of the forecast wind conditions.

Aeroplanes of a specified maximum authorised weight not exceeding
12,500 lb. to which conditions (3) to (9) do not apply
(10) If the aeroplane is engaged in a flight at night or when the
cloud ceiling or visibility prevailing at the aerodrome of departure and
forecast for the estimated time of landing at the aerodrome of destination
or at any alternate aerodrome, are less than 1,000 feet and 1 mile
respectively, it will, with any one of its power units inoperative and the








remaining power unit or units operating within the maximum continuous
power conditions specified, be capable of climbing at a gradient of at least 1
in 200 at an altitude of 2,500 feet in the specified international standard
atmosphere.
(11) (a) The distance required by the aeroplane to attain a height
of 50 feet with all power units operating within the maximum take-off
power conditions specified, does not exceed the take-off run available at
the aerodrome at which the take-off is to be made.
(b) The distance required by the aeroplane to attain a height of
50 feet, with all power units operating within the maximum take-off
power conditions specified, when multiplied by a factor of 1.33 does not
exceed the emergency distance available at the aerodrome at which the
take-off is to be made.
(c) For the purposes of sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) hereof the
distance required by the aeroplane to attain a height of 50 feet shall be
that appropriate to:-
(i) weight of the aeroplane at the commencement of the take-off
run;
(ii) the altitude at the aerodrome;
(iii) the temperature in the specified international standard atmos-
phere appropriate to the altitude at the aerodrome, or if greater,
the air temperature at the aerodrome less 15' centigrade;
(iv) the slope of the surface of the aerodrome in the direction of
take-off over the take-off run available and the emergency
distance available, respectively; and
(v) not more than 50 per cent. of the reported wind component
opposite to the direction of take-off or not less than 150 per
cent. of the reported wind component in the direction of
take-off.
(12) The take-off flight path, with all power units operating within
the maximum take-off power conditions specified, appropriate to:-
(i) the weight of the aeroplane at the commencement of the
take-off run;
(ii) the altitude at the aerodrome;
(iii) the temperature in the specified international standard atmos-
phere appropriate to the-altitude at the aerodrome, or, if
greater, the air temperature at the aerodrome less 15 centi.
grade; and







(iv) not more thftn 50 per cent. of 4he reported wind component
opposite to the direction of take-off or not less than 150 per
cent. of the reported wind component in the direction of
take-off,
and plotted frpm a point 50 feet above the end of the factored
distance required for take-off under condition ( 11) (b) of this Regula-
tion, at the aerodrome at which the take-off is to be made, shows that
the aeroplane will clear any obstacle lying within 200 feet plus half the
wing span of the aeroplane on either side of its path by a
vertical interval of at least 35 feet. In assessing the ability of the
aeroplane to satisfy this condition it shall not be assumed to make a change
of direction of a radius less than a radius of steady turn corresponding
to an angle of bank of 15.

(13) The aeroplane will, in the meteorological conditions expected
for the flight, in the event of any one power unit becoming inoperative
at any point on its route or on an y planned diversion therefrom and with
the other power unit or units, if any, operating within the maximum
continuous power conditions specified, be capable of continuing the flight
so as to reach a point above a place at which a safe landing can be made
at a suitable height for such landing.

(14) The aeroplane will, in the meteorological conditions expected for
the flight, at any point on its route or any planned diversion therefrom,
be capable of climbing at a gradient of at least 1 in 50., with all power
units operating within the maximum continuous power conditions
specified, at the following altitudes:-

(a) the minimum altitudes for safe flight on each stage of the
route to be flown or on any planned diversion therefrom
specified in, or calculated from, the information contained
in the operations manual relating to the aeroplane; and

(b) the minimum altitudes necessary for compliance with
condition (13) of this Regulation.

(15) If on the route to be flown or any planned diversion therefrom
the aeroplane will be engaged in a flight over water during which at any
point it may be more than 30 minutes flying time in still air from the
nearest shore, it will, in the event of one power unit becoming inoperative
during such time and with the other power unit or units operating within
the maximum continuous power condlti;ns specified, be capable of
climbing at a gradient of at least I iii U00 at an altitude of 5,000 feet in
the specified international standard atmosphere.








(16) The weight of the aeroplane at the estimated time of landing
(hereinafter in this Regulation called the landing weight ") allowing
for the weight of the fuel and oil expected to be used on the flight to the
aerodrome of intended destination or alternate aerodrome, as the case
may be, will not exceed the maximum landing weight, if any, specified
for the altitude and the expected air temperature for the estimated time
of landing at the aerodrome at which it is intended to land and at any
alternate aerodrome.

(17) The distance required by the aeroplane to land from a height
of 50 feet does not, at the aerodrome at which it is intended to land and
at any alternate aerodrome, exceed 70 per cent, or, if a visual approach
and landing will be possible in the meteorological conditions forecast for
the estimated time of landing, 80 per cent, of the landing distance
available on:-

(i) the most suitable runway for a landing in still air conditions;
and

(ii) the runway that may be required for landing because of the
forecast wind conditions,

the distance required to land from a height of 50 feet being taken to
be that appropriate to:-

(a) the landing weight;
(b) the altitude at the aerodrome;
(c) the temperature in the specified international standard
atmosphere appropriate to the altitude at the aerodrome;

(d) (i) a level surface in the case of runways usable in both
directions;
(ii) the average slope of the runway in the case of
runways usable in only one direction; and
(e) (i) still air conditions in the case of the most suitable
runway for a landing in still air conditions;
(ii) not more than 50 per cent of the forecast wind
component opposite to the direction of landing or not
less than 150 per cent of the forecast wind component
in the direction of landing in the case of the runway that
may be required for landing because of the forecast wind
conditions.







Weight and Performance of Public Transport Aeroplanes classjied as
Aeroplanes of Performance Group A in their Certificates oj
Airworthiness
85. With reference to Article 17 (4) of the Order a public transport
aeroplane registered in the Colony in respect of which there is in force
ander the Order a certificate of airworthiness classifying the aeroplane as
being of performance group A shall not fly unless the weight of the
ieroplane at the commencement of the take-off run is such that the
following conditions are satisfied:-

(1) Such weight does not exceed the maximum take-off weight
for altitude and temperature specified for the altitude and the
air temperature at the aerodrome at which the take-off is to
be made.
(2) The take-off run, take-off distance and the emergency distance
respectively required for take-off, specified as being appropriate
to-
(a) the weight of the aeroplane at the commencement of
the take-off run;
(b) the altitude at the aerodrome;
(c) the air temperature at the aerodrome;
(d) the slope of the surface of the aerodrome in the
direction of take-off over the take-off run available, the
take-off distance available and the emergency distance
available, respectively; and
(e) not more than 50 per cent of the reported wind
component opposite to the direction of take-off or not
less than 150 per cent of the reported wind component
in the direction of take-off,
do not exceed the take-off run, the take-off distance and the
emergency distance available, respectively, at the aerodrome at which
the take-off is to be made; in ascertaining the emergency distance
required, the point at which the pilot is assumed to decide to
discontinue the take-off shall not be nearer to the start of the
take-off run than the point at which, in ascertaining the take-off run
required and the take-off distance required, he is assumed to decide
to continue the take-off, in the event of power unit failure.
(3) (a) The net take-off flight path with one power unit inopera-
ive, specified as being appropriate to-







(i) the weight of the avroplbw at thle commencement of the
take-off run;
(ii) the altitude at the aerodrome;
(iii) the air temperature at the aerodrome; and
(iv) not more than 50 per cent of the reported wind component
opposite to the direction of take-off or not less than 150 per
cent of the reported wind component in the direction of
take-off,
and plotted from a point 35 feet or 50 feet, as appropriate, above
the end of the take-off distance required at the aerodrome at which
the take-off is to be made to a height of 1,500 feet above the
aerodrome, shows that the aeroplane will clear any obstacle in its
path by a vertical interval of at least 35 feet, except that if it is
intended that the aeroplane shall change its direction of flight by
more than 150 the vertical interval shall not be less than 50 feet
during the change of direction.
(b) For the purpose of sub-paragraph (a) hereof an obstacle
shall be deemed to be in the path of the aeroplane if the
distance from the obstacle to the nearest point on the
ground below the intended line of flight does not exceed:-
(i) a distance of 200 feet plus half the wing span of the
aeroplane plus -th of the distance from such point tc
the end of the take-off distance available measured
along the intended line of flight; or
(ii) 5,000 feet,
whichever is the less.
(c) In assessing the ability of the aeroplane to satisfy this
condition, it shall not be assumed to make a change of
direction of a. radius less than the radius of steady turn
specified.
(4) The aeroplane will, in the meteorological conditions expected for
the flight, in the event of any one power unit becoming inoperative at any
point on its route or on any planned diversion therefrom and with the
Dther power units or unit operating within the maximum continuous
power conditions specified, be capable of continuing the flight, clearing
by a vertical interval of at least 2,000 feet obstacles within 5 nautical
miles either side of the intended track, to an aerodrome at which it can
comply with condition (7) of this Regulation relating to an alternate
aerodrome, and on arrival over such aerodrome the gradient of th(








specified net flight path with one power unit inoperative shall be not
less than zero at 1,500 feet above the aerodrome; and in assessing the
ability of the aeroplane to satisfy this condition it shall not be assumed
to be capable of flying at an altitude exceeding the specified maximum
permissible altitude for power unit restarting.
(5) The aeroplane will, in the meteorological conditions expected
for the flight, in the event of any two power units becoming inoperative
at any point along the route or on any planned diversion therefrom more
than 90 minutes flying time in still air at the all power units operating
economical cruising speed from the nearest aerodrome at which it can
comply with condition (7) of this Regulation, relating to an alternate
aerodrome, be capable of continuing the flight with all other power units
operating within the specified maximum continuous power conditions,
clearing by a vertical interval of at least 2,000 feet obstacles within
5 nautical miles either side of the intended track, to such an aerodrome,
and on arrival over such aerodrome the gradient of the specified net flight
path with two power units inoperative shall not be less than zero at
1,500 feet above the aerodrome; and in assessing the ability of the
aeroplane to satisfy this condition it shall not be assumed to be capable of
flying at an altitude exceeding the specified maximum permissible altitude
for power unit restarting.
(6) The weight of the aeroplane at the estimated time of landing
(hereinafter in this Regulation called "the landing weight"), allowing
for the weight of fuel and oil expected to be used on the flight to the
aerodrome of intended destination or alternate aerodrome, as the case may
be, will not exceed the maximum landing weight specified for the altitude
and the expected air temperature for the estimated time of landing at the
aerodrome at which it is intended to land and at any alternate aerodrome.
(7) (a) The landing distances required, respectively specified as
being appropriate to aerodromes of destination and alternate aerodromes,
do not exceed at the aerodrome at which it is intended to land or at any
alternate aerodrome, as the case may be, the landing distance available
on:-
(i) the most suitable runway for a landing in still air conditions;
and
(ii) the runway that may be required for landing because of the
forecast wind conditions:
Provided that if an alternate aerodrome is designated in the flight
plan, the specified landing distance required may be that appropriate to
an alternate aerodrome when assessing the ability of the aeroplane to
satisfy this condition at the aerodrome of destination in respect of the
runway that may be required for landing because of the forecast wind
conditions.







(b) For the purposes of Mub-paragraph (a) hereof the landing
distance required shall be that specified as being appropriate to:-
(i) the landing weight;
(ii) the altitude at the aerodrome;
(iii) the temperature in the specified international standard atmos.
phere appropriate to the altitude at the aerodrome;
(iv) (aa) a level surface in the case of runways usable in both
directions;
(bb) the average slope of the runway in the case of runways
usable in only one direction; and

(v) (aa) still air conditions in the case of the most suitable runway
for a landing in still air conditions;
(bb) not more than 50 per cent of the forecast wind component
opposite to the direction of landing or not less than 150 per
cent of the forecast wind component in the direction of landing
in the case of the runway that may be required for landing
because of the forecast wind conditions.
Weight and Performance of Public Transport Aeroplanes classified as
Aeroplanes of Performance Group C or of Performance Group D)
in their Certificates of Airworthiness
36.-(1) With reference to Article 17 (4) of the Order a public
transport aeroplane registered in the Colony in respect of which there is
in force under the Order a certificate of airworthiness classifying the
aeroplane as being of performance group C or of performance group D
ball not fly unless the weight of the aeroplane at the commencement of
'he take-off run is such that the following conditions are satisfied:-
(a) Such weight does not exceed the maximum take-off weight
specified for the altitude and the air temperature at the
aerodrome at which the take-off is to be made.
(b) The take-off run required and the take-off distance required,
specified as being appropriate to-
(i) the weight of the aeroplane at the commencement of the
take-off run;
(ii) the altitude of the aerodrome;
(iii) the air temperature at the nerodrome;







(iv) the average slope of the surface of the aerodrome in the
direction of take-off over the emergency distance available;

(v) not more than 50 per cent of the reported wind component
opposite to the direction of take-off or not less than 150
per cent of the reported wind component in the direction
of take-off,

do not exceed the take-off run available and the emergency distance
available, respectively, at the aerodrome at which take-off is to
bemade.

(c) The net take-off flight path with all power units operating,
specified as being appropriate to-

(i) the weight of the aeroplane at the commencement of the
take-off run;
(ii) the altitude at the aerodrome;
(iii) the air temperature at the aerodrome;

(iv) not more than 50 per cent of the reported wind component
opposite to the direction of take-off or not less than 150
per cent of the reported wind component in the direction
of take-off;

and plotted from a point 50 feet above the end of the take-off
distance required at the aerodrome at which the take-off is to be
made to the point at which the aeroplane reaches the minimum
altitude for safe flight on the first stage of the route to be flown
stated in or calculated from the information contained in the
operations manual relating to the aircraft, shows that the aeroplane
will clear by a safe margin any obstacle the distance from which to
the nearest point on the ground below the intended line of flight of
the aeroplane does not exceed 200 feet plus half the wing span of
the aeroplane. In assessing the ability of the aeroplane to satisfy
this condition it shall not be assumed to make a change of direction
of a radius less than the specified radius of steady turn.

(d) The aeroplane will, if it is classified in its certificate of
air worthiness as an aeroplane of performance group C and if it is
necessary for it to be flown solely by reference to instruments for any
period before reaching the minimum altitude for safe flight on the
first stage of the route to he flown stated in or calculated from the
information contained in the operations manual, during such period
also satisfy condition (3) of Regulation 35.








(e) The aeroplane will, in the meteorological conditions
expected for the flight, in the event of any one power unit becoming
inoperative at any point on its route or on any planned diversion
therefrom, and with the other power units or power unit, if any,
operating within the specified maximum continuous power
conditions:-

(i) in.the case of an aeroplane classified as an aeroplane of
performance group C, be capable of continuing the flight
at altitudes not less than the relevant minimum altitudes
for safe flight stated in, or calculated from the information
contained in, the operations manual to a point 1,500 feet
above an aerodrome at which a safe landing can be made
and after arrival at that point be capable of maintaining
that height;
(ii) in the case of an aeroplane classified as an aeroplane of
performance group D, be capable of continuing the flight
to a point 1,000 feet above a place at which a safe landing
can be made:
Provided that in assessing the ability of the aeroplane to satisfy this
condition it shall not be assumed to be capable of flying at any
point on its route at an altitude exceeding the performance ceiling
with all power units operating specified as being appropriate to its
estimated weight at that point.
(f) The weight of the aeroplane at the estimated time of
landing (hereinafter in this Regulation called the landing
weight "), allowing for the weight of fuel and oil expected to be
used on the flight to the aerodrome at which it is intended to land
or alternate aerodrome, as the case may he, will not exceed the
maximum landing weight specified for the altitude and the expected
air temperature for the estimated time of landing at the aerodrome
at which it is intended to land and at any alternate aerodrome.
(g) The distance required by the aeroplane to land from a
height of 50 feet does not, at the aerodrome at which it is intended
to land and at any alternate aerodrome, exceed 70 per cent of the
landing distance available on:-
(i) the most suitable runway for a landing in still air condi-
tions; and
(ii) the runway that may be required for landing because of
the forecast wind conditions,
the distance required to land from a height of 50 feet being taken
to be that specified as being appropriate to:-







(i) the landing weight;
(ii) .the altitude at the aerodrome;
(iii) the expected air temperature for the estimated time of
landing at the aerodrome;
(iv) (aa) a level surface in the case of runways usable in both
directions;
(bb) the average slope of the runway in the case of runways
usable in only one direction; and
(v) (aa) still air conditions in the case of the most suitable
runway for a landing in still air conditions;
(bb) not more than 50 per cent of the forecast wind compo-
nent opposite to the direction of landing or not less than
150 per cent of the forecast wind component in the
direction of landing in the case of the runway that may
be required for landing because of the forecast wind
conditions.
(2) An aeroplane classified as aforesaid as an aeroplane of perform-
ance group D shall -not fly or attempt to fly at night or when the cloud
ceiling or visibility prevailing at the aerodrome of departure and forecast
for the estimated time of landing at the aerodrome at which it is intended
to land and at any alternate aerodrome are less than 1,000 feet and one
mile respectively.
Weight and Performance of Public Transport Aeroplanes classided as
Aeroplanes of Performance Group X in their Certificates of
Airworthiness.
37. With reference to Article 17 (4) of the Order a public trans-
port aeroplane in respect of which there is in force under the Order a
certificate of airworthiness classifying the aeroplane as being of perform-
ance group X shall not fly unless the weight of the aeroplane at the
commencement of the take-off run is such that the following conditions
are satisfied:-
(1) (i) Such weight does not exceed the maximum take-off weight
specified for the altitude at the aerodrome at which the
take-off is to be made, or for the altitude and the air
temperature at such aerodrome, as the case may be.
(ii) the minimum effective take-off runway length required,
specified as being appropriate to:-
(a) the weight of the aeroplane at the commencement of the
takeoff run;








(b) the altitude at the aerodrome;
(c) the air temperature at the time of take-off;
(d) the overall slope of the take-off run avaihlble, and
(e) not more than 50 per cent of the reported wind component
opposite to the direction of take-off or not less than 150
per cent of the reported wind component in the direction
of take-off,
does not exceed the take-off run available at the aerodrome at which
the take-off is to be made.
(iii) (a) The take-off flight path with one power unit inoperative,
specified as being appropriate to-
(i) the weight of the aeroplane at the commencement of the
take-off run;
(ii) the altitude at the aerodrome; and
(iii) not more than 50 per cent of the reported wind component
opposite to the direction of take-off or not less than 150
per cent of the reported wind component in the direction
of take-off,
and plotted from a point 50 feet above the end of the minimum
effective take-off runway length required at the aerodrome at which
the take-off is to be made, shows that the aeroplane will thereafter
clear any obstacle in its path by a vertical interval of not less than
the greater of 50 feet or 35 feet plus 1/100 of the distance from the
point on the ground below the intended line of flight of the
aeroplane nearest to the obstacle, to the end of the take-off distance
available, measured along the intended line of flight of the
aeroplane.
(b) For the purpose of sub-paragraph (a) an obstacle shall be
deemed to be in the path of the aeroplane if the distance from the
obstacle to the nearest point on the ground below the intended line
of flight does not exceed:-
(i) a distance of 200 feet plus half the wing span of the aero-
plane plus sth of the distance from such point to the end
of the take-off distance available measured along the
intended line of flight; or
(ii) 5,000 feet,
whichever is the less,







(c) In assessing the ability of the aeroplane to satisfy this
condition, insofar as it relates to flight plan, it shall not be assumed
to make a change of direction of a radius less than the radius of
steady turn corresponding to an angle of bank of 15.
(2) (i) (a) Subject to sub-paragraph (b), the weight of the
aeroplane at any point on the route or on any planned diversion
therefrom, having regard to the fuel and oil expected to be
consumed up to that point, shall be such that the aeroplane, with
one power unit inoperative and the other power unit or units operat-
ing within the maximum continuous power conditions specified, will
be capable of a rate of climb of at least K(Vso/100)2 feet per minute
at an altitude not less than the minimum altitude for safe flight
stated in or calculated from the information contained in the
operations manual, where Vso is in knots and K has the value of
797-1060/N, N being the number of power units installed.
(b) As an alternate to (a), the aeroplane may be flown at an
altitude from which, in the event of failure of one power unit, it is
capable of reaching an aerodrome where a landing can be made in
accordance with condition (3) (ii) of this Regulation relating to an
alternate aerodrome. In that case, the weight of the aeroplane
shall be such that, with the remaining power unit or units operating
within the maximum continuous power conditions specified, it is
capable of maintaining a minimum altitude on the route to such
aerodrome of 2,000 feet above all obstacles within five nautical
miles on either side of the intended track and
(an) the rate of climb, specified for the appropriate weight
and altitude, used in calculating the flight path shall be
reduced by an amount equal to K(Vs)/100)2 feet per
minute;
(bb) the aeroplane shall comply with the climb requirements
of condition 2 (i) (a) at 1,000 feet above the chosen
aerodrome;
(cc) account shall be taken of the effect of wind and temper-
ature on the flight path; and
(dd) the weight of the aeroplane may be assumed to be
progressively reduced by normal consumption of fuel
and oil.
(ii) An aeroplane having four power units shall, if any two
power units become inoperative at any point along the
route or any planned diversion therefrom, being a point
more than 90 minutes flying time (assuming, all power
anits to be operating) from the nearest aerodrome at








which a landing can be made in compliance with condition
(3) (ii) of this Regulation relating to an alternate aero-
drome, be capable of continuing the flight at an altitude
of not less than 1,000 feet above ground level to a point
above that aerodrome. In assessing the ability of the
aeroplane to satisfy this condition, it shall be assumed
that the remaining power units will operate within the
specified maximum continuous power conditions, and
account shall be taken of the temperature and wind
conditions expected for the flight.

(3) (i) The weight of the aeroplane at the estimated time of
landing (hereinafter in this Regulation called "the landing
weight "), allowing for the estimated! weight of fuel and
oil expected to be used on the flight to the aerodrome at
which it is intended to land or alternate aerodrome, as the
case may be, will not exceed the maximum landing weight
specified for the altitude at the aerodrome at which it is
intended to land and at any alternate aerodrome.

(ii) The required landing runway lengths respectively specified
as being appropriate to the aerodromes of intended
destination and the alternate aerodromes do not exceed at
the aerodrome at which it is intended to land or at any
alternate aerodrome, as the case may be, the landing
distance available on:-

(a) the most suitable runway for a landing in still air condi-
tions; and
(b) the runway that may be required for landing because of
the forecast wind conditions,
the required landing runway lenghts being taken to be those speci-
fied as being appropriate to:-
(a) the landing weight;
(b) the altitude at the aerodrome;

(c) still air conditions in the case of the most suitable runway
for a landing in still air conditions; and
(d) not more than 50 per cent of the forecast wind component
opposite to the direction of landing or not less than 150 per cent
of the forecast wind component in the direction of landing in the
case of the runway that may be required for landing because of
the forecast wind conditions.








38. With reference to Article 17 (6) of the Order a public trans-
port aeroplane in respect of which there is in force under the Order a
certificate of airworthiness classifying the aeroplane as being of perform-
ance group X shall not fly over water so as to be more than 60 minutes'
flying time from the nearest shore unless it has more than two power
units. For the purpose of this Regulation, flying time shall be calcu-
lated at normal cruising speed with one power unit inoperative.
Requirements as to flights over water by public transport flying
machines
39. (1) With reference to paragraph (6) of Article 17 of the
Order, a public transport flying machine when flying over water
shall fly, except as may be necessary for the purpose of take-off or
landing, at such an altitude as would enable the aircraft-
(a) if it'has one engine only, in the event of the failure of
that engine,
(b) if it has more thau one engine, in the event of the
failure of one of those engines and with the remaining
engine or engines operating within the maximum con-
tinuous power conditions specified in the certificate of
airworthiness, performance schedule or flight manual
relating to the aircraft,
to reach a place at which it can safely land at a height
sufficient to enable it to do so.
(2) The assessment of the ability of a public transport flying
machine to comply with paragraph (1) of this Regulation shall be
based on the information as to its performance contained in the
certificate of airworthiness, performance schedule or flight
manual relating to the aircraft. In the event of the information
given therein being insufficient for that purpose or in the event
of no such documents having been issued or rendered valid by
the Administrator, such assessment shall be based on the best
information available to the pilot of the aircraft.
Load sheets
40. With reference to paragraph (5) of Article 17 of the Order,
the requirements specified therein relating to the completion of load
sheets shall be complied with in respect of every flight to be made by a
public transport aircraft, except a public transport aircraft of which the
maximum total weight authorised does not exceed 2,500 lb.:
Provided that the said requirements shall not apply in respect of a
flight to be made by a public transport aircraft:-








(a) solely for the purpose of training any persons carried
therein, in addition to the personnel thereof, to perform
duties in an aircraft; or
(b) as a local pleasure flight of short duration commencing
from and finishing at one and the same aerodrome with
no intermediate landing.

41. (1) Every load sheet required in accordance with the provi-
sions of Regulation 40 shall contain:-
(a) particulars of the nationality and registration marks of the
aircraft;
(b) sufficient data to enable the particular flight to be readily
identified;
(c) particulars of the several weights (e.g. weight empty,
removable equipment, fuel and oil, passengers, goods, &c.)
from which the total weight of the aircraft as loaded has'
been computed; and
(d) a certificate by the person superintending the loading of
the aircraft that the aircraft has been loaded in accordance
/ with the written loading instructions furnished to him by
the operator of the aircraft.
(2) Except as provided in paragraph (3) of this Regulation, the
weight of the crew and passengers of an aircraft entered in the load sheet
shall be computed from the actual weight of each person as ascertained
by individual weighing.
(3) In respect of an aircraft having a total seating capacity of
twelve persons or more, the person superintending the loading of the
aircraft may, if so instructed by the person in command of the aircraft,
compute the weight of the crew and passengers to be entered in the load
sheet in accordance with the following table of average weights instead
of from the actual weight of each person as ascertained by individual
weighings:-
For adult males, including crew .... .... ... 165 ib.
For adult females, including crew .. .... .... 143 lb.
For children of either sex, two years of age, or more,
but less than twelve years ... ... ... 85 lb.
For infants under two years of age ... ... ... 17 lb.
The person in command of an aircraft shall, however, have regard
to any undue preponderence among the persons to be carried of per-
sons appearing to be above the average weights as set out in the above
table, and shall, if he considers it necessary, require the actual weights
of such persons to be ascertained by individual weiahines.








Whenever the weights of persons entered in a load sheet are
average weights computed in accordance with the foregoing table the
load sheet shall be endorsed to show that the said method of computa-
tion has been used.
PART V
TRAINING, ETC. OF PERSONNEL FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT
42. With reference to Article 18 (4) of the Order:-
(1) The operator of a public transport aircraft registered in the
Colony shall not permit any person to fly as a pilot or flight
engineer of the aircraft unless his competence to act as
such and to use the equipment provided in the aircraft to
enable him to act in that capacity has been established
either
(a) by a test administered by the operator within
a period of six months immediately preceding
the flight, or
(b) by two tests administered by the operator within
a period of twelve months immediately preced-
ing the flight, the period between the two tests
being not less than four calendar months.
(2) The operator of a public transport aircraft registered in
the Colony shall not permit any person to fly as a flight
navigator or flight radio operator of the aircraft unless
his competence to act as such and to use the equipment
provided in the aircraft to enable him to act in that
capacity has been established by a test administered by
the operator within a period of twelve months immedi-
ately preceding the flight.
(3) The operator of a public transport aircraft registered in
the Colony shall not permit any person to fly as a mem-
ber of the personnel of the aircraft unless his knowledge
of the use of the life-saving equipment required to be
carried in the aircraft and of the measures to be taken
for the evacuation of the aircraft in an emergency has
been established by a test administered by the operator
within a period of twelve months immediately preceding
the flight.
(4) (a) The operator of a public transport aircraft registered
in the Colony shall keep a record of every test carried
out under this Regulation and shall cause to be entered
in every such record the date on which the test takes
Dlace. the subject-matter of the test and a statement,







signed by the person or persons carrying out the test,
whether the person tested is competent in the matters in
respect of which he is tested:
(b) Such record shall be preserved by the operator for a period
of not less than two years after the date on which the
test takes place.
43. With reference to Article 18 (4) of the Order:-
(1) The operator of a public transport aircraft registered in the
Colony shall not permit any person to fly as the pilot in
charge of that aircraft during any flight unless that person
has had training, practice and periodical tests as provided in
this Regulation in respect of the duties which he is to
perform and the operator is satisfied that such person is
competent to perform his duties.
(2) Scheduled journeys
(a) In the case of a flight constituting the whole or part of
a scheduled journey, the pilot in charge of the aircraft
for the flight shall within the relevant period have been
tested by or on behalf of the operator-
(i) as to his knowledge of the route to -be taken, the aero.
dromes of take-off and landing, and any alternate aero-
dromes, including in particular his knowledge of
the terrain,
the seasonal meteorological conditions,
the meteorological, communications, and air traffic
facilities, services and procedures,
the search and rescue procedures,
and the navigational facilities
relevant to the route;
(ii) as to his proficiency in using instrument approach-to-land
systems of the type in use at the aerodrome of intended
landing and any alternate aerodromes, such test being
carried out either in flight or by means of apparatus of
approved type in which flight conditions are simulated on
the ground, and in IFR conditions which may in the case
of tests carried out in flight be simulated.
(b) In determining whether a person's knowledge of the
matters referred to in sub-paragraph (a) (i) is suffliicient
to render him competent to perform the duties of pilot
in charge of the aircraft on the flight, the operator
shall take into account the person's flying experience of
the route in conjunction with the following factors-







(i) the influence of terrain and obstructions on departure and
approach procedures at the aerodromes of take-off and
intended landing and at alternate aerodromes;
(ii) the similarity of the instrument approach procedures and
let-down aids to those with which the person is familiar;
(iii) the dimensions of runways which may be used in the
course of the flight in relation to the performance limits
of aircraft of the type to be used on the flight;
(iv) the reliability of meteorological forecasts and the prob.
ability of difficult meteorological conditions in the areas to
be traversed;
(v) the adequacy of the information available regarding the
a e r o d r o m e of intended landing and any alternate
aerodromes;
(vi) the extent of the assistance obtainable en route from
navigational aids and air to ground communication
facilities;
'vii) the extent to which it is possible for the person to become
familiar with unusual aerodrome procedures and features
of the route by means of ground instruction and training
devices.

1) Non-Scheduled journeys
In the case of a flight which does not constitute the whole
or any part of a scheduled journey, the pilot in charge of
the aircraft for the flight shall within the relevant period
have been tested by or on behalf of the operator-

(i) as to his knowledge of-
the terrain,
the seasonal meteorological conditions,
the meteorological, communications, and air traffic
facilities, services and procedures,
the search and rescue procedures,
and the navigational facilities
relevant to the route;
(ii) as to his proficiency in using instrument approach-to-land
systems of the type in use at the aerodrome of intended
landing and any alternate aerodromes, such test being
carried out either in flight or by means of apparatus of
approved type in which flight conditions are simulated on
the ground, and in IFlt conditions which may in the case
of tests carried out in flight be simulated.








(4) For the purposes of this Regulation:-
the expression scheduled journey means one of a series of
journeys which are undertaken between the same two places and
which together amount to a systematic service;
the expression relevant period in relation to a flight means
a period which immediately precedes the commencement of that
flight, being a period-
(a) in the case of sub-paragraphs (2) (a) (ii) and (3) (ii),
of six months;
(b) in the case of sub-paragraphs (2) (a) (i) and (3) (i), of
twelve months:
Provided that-
(i) a person to whom the provisions of sub-paragraphs (2)
(a) (ii) or (3) (ii) apply shall for the purposes of the flight
be deemed to have complied with the requirements thereof
within the relevant period if he has qu.-lified to perform
his duties in accordance therewith on two occasions
within the period of twelve months.immediately preceding
the flight, such occasions being separated by an interval
of not less than four months;
(ii) the requirements of sub-paragraph (2) (a) shall be deemed
to have been complied with within the relevant period
by a pilot in charge of the aircraft for the flight if, having
become qualified so to act on flights between the same
terminals over the same route more than twelve months
before the commencement of the flight he has within the
period of twelve months immediately preceding the
commencement of the flight flown as pilot of an aircraft
on a flight between those terminals over that route.
(5) Any test specified in sub-paragraph (2) (a) may be dispensed
with by the operator in the case of a person who would, but for
the provisions of this paragraph, be required to undergo that
test, if either-
(i) the flying experience of that person during the relevant
period specified in relation to that test has been wholly or
mainly in the service of the operator and is such as to
satisfy the operator, after taking into account all the
requirements of that test, that that person is competent
to perform'the duties of pilot in charge of the aircraft on
the flight; or







(ii) that person satisfies the operator, by the production of
written evidence either as to his flying experience during
the relevant period specified in relation to that test or as
to hiq having undergone within that period a test of the
same description to the satisfaction of some other operator
of public transport aircraft and subsequently performed
in flight the duties to which it relates, that after taking
into account all the requirements of that test that person
is competent to perform the duties of pilot in charge of
the aircraft on the flight.
(6) (a) The records required to be maintained byan operator under
Article 18 (4) of the Order shall be accurate and up to date
records so kept as to show, in relation to each person who
has flown as pilot in charge of any public transport aircraft
operated by that operator-
(i) the date and particulars of each test specified in this
Regulation undergone by that person, including the
name and qualifications of the examiner;
(ii) the operator's conclusions based on each such test as to
that person's competence to perform his duties;
(iii) the date and particulars of any decision taken by the
operator during the said period under paragraph (5) of
this Regulation to dispense in relation to that person
with any test or tests, including particulars of the
evidence upon which that decision was based.
The operator shall retain such records for a period of
at least two years after the date of the test, or decision
to dispense with a test, to which they relate.
(b) The operator shall whenever called upon to do so by any
person authorised in that behalf by the Administrator
produce for the inspection of any person so authorised
all records referred to in the preceding sub-paragraph
and furnish to any person so authorised all such infor-
mation as he may require in connection with any such
records'and produce for his inspection all log books,
certificates, papers and other documents whatsoever
which he may reasonably require to see for the purpose
of determining whether such records are complete or of
verifying the accuracy of their contents.
(c) The operator shall at the request of any person in
respect of whom he is (required to keep records as afore-
said furnish to that person, or to any operator of public
transport aircraft by whom that person may subse-







quently be employed, particulars of any qualifications
in accordance with this Regulation obtained by such
person whilst in his service.
44. With reference to Article 18 (5) of the Order, the particulars
first therein referred to, to be contained in an operations manual, are
the following:-
(a) In respect of flight on a scheduled journey.-
(i) instructions outlining the responsibilities of opera.
tions personnel relating to the conduct of flight
operations;
(ii) particulars of the operating crew to be carried in the
aircraft on each stage of the route to be flown, in-
cluding instructions as to the person to be in
command of the aircraft and as to the order and
circumstances in which such command should be
assumed by other persons;
(iii) emergency flight procedures;
(iv) the minimum altitudes for safe flight on each stage
of the route to be flown;
(v) the circumstances in which a radio listening watch
must be maintained;
(vi) a list of the navigational equipment to be carried in
the aircraft;
(vii) instructions as to the manner of computing the quan-
tities of fuel and oil to be carried by the aircraft
on each stage of the route to be flown. Such
instructions shall take account of all circumstances
likely to be encountered on the flight including the
possibility of failure of one or more of the aircraft
engines whilst en route;
(viii) the conditions under which oxygen is to be used;
(ix) a route guide (which may be a separate document
but which in that case must be connected with the
operations manual), containing information relating
to communication and search and rescue facilities,
navigational aids, aerodromes, in-flight procedures,
instrument approach and landing procedures and
such other information as the operator may deem
necessary for the proper conduct of flight operations:








(x) weather minima (as defined in Article 20 of the
Order) appropriate to the aircraft and any aid to be
used for the aerodrome of departure, for the aero-
drome of intended landing and for each alternate
aerodrome.

(b) In respect of a flight other than a flight on a scheduled
journey-
(i) instructions outlining the responsibilities of opera-
tions personnel. relating, to the conduct of flight
operations;
(ii) particulars of the operating crew to be carried in the
aircraft for each type of operation to be conducted,
including instructions as to the person to be in
command of the aircraft and as to the order and
circumstances in which such command should be
assumed by other persons;
(iii) emergency flight procedures;
(iv) information as to the basis on which the minimum
altitudes for safe flight should be calculated. For a
route which is in frequent use the minimum
altitudes for safe flight on each stage of the route
should be stated;
(v) the circumstances in which a radio listening watch
must be maintained;
(vi) a list of the navigational equipment to be carried in
the aircraft;
(vii) instructions as to the manner of computing the
quantities of fuel and oil to be carried by the aircraft
on each stage of the route to be flown. Such
instructions shall take account of all circumstances
likely to be encountered on the flight including the
possibility of failure of one or more of the aircraft
engines whilst en route;
(viii) the conditions under which oxygen is to be used;
(ix) instructions as to the means of obtaining information
relating to communication and search and rescue
facilities, navigational aids, aerodromes, in-flight
procedures, instrument approach and landing pr,,ce-
dures and such other information as the operator







may deem necessary for the proper conduct of flight
operations; provided that for a route which is
in frequent use, there shall be a route guide (which
may le a separate document but which in that case
must be connected with the operations manual),
containing such information;
(x) weather minima (as defined by Article 20 of the
Order) for take-off and landing appropriate to the
aircraft and any aid used, and instructions as to
the increases which are to be applied to them by
the person in command to make them appropriate
to particular aerodromes.
PART VI
OVERHAUL, ETC. OF AIRCRAFT AND LICENSING OF AIRCRAFT
MAINTENANCE ENGINEERS
General
45. In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
References to an aircraft shall be construed as including
its engines, components, accessories, instruments,
equipment and apparatus, and their installations.
References to the overhaul, repair, replacement or modifi-
cation of an aircraft include references to the overhaul,
repair, replacement of parts, or modification of its
engines, components, accessories, instruments, equipment,
or apparatus, or the installation thereof, and in the case
of modifications include references to changes in the type
of engines, components, accessories, instruments, equip-
ment or apparatus from those previously fitted.
Approval of modifications not previously the subject of investigation
46. With reference to Article 14 of the Order-
(1) The modifications of an aircraft for which approval in writing is
required to be obtained are all those modifications which have not been
previously so approved and which, in the opinion of the Administrator
affect the safety of the aircraft:
Provided that if a modification has already been approved in relation
to one aircraft of any type it shall not be necessary to obtain approval
for the same modification when incorporated in another aircraft of the
same type, subject, however, to compliance with the requirements of
Regulation 47.








(2) Application for the approval of modifications under paragraph
(1) of this Regulation should be made in writing to the Administrator.

Requirements relating generally to overhauls, repairs, replacements and
approved modifications

47. The following requirements shall apply to overhauls, repairs
replacements and to approved modifications carried out to an aircraft in
respect of which a certificate of airworthiness or a validation issued under
the provisions of the Order is, or has been, in force:-

(i) The work shall be carried out in all essential respects
in accordance with the approved design in conformity
with which the aircraft was constructed including such
modifications as have been approved for embodiment
therein, or, alternatively, shall be undertaken in
accordance with a repair scheme approved in writing.

(ii) All materials used shall be as approved for the design
in conformity with which the aircraft was constructed.,
or as otherwise approved.

(iii) All work shall be inspected, to the extent necessary
in the circumstances of the case, in accordance with the
requirements of the Administrator.

(iv) A certificate in accordance with the terms of Regulation
48 shall be given, and, if the Administrator so require,
the certificate of airworthiness of the aircraft shall be
forwarded forthwith to the Administratqr in order that
it may be amended:

Provid d that in emergency if it is not reasonably practicable to
comply with the above requirements a temporary repair of the part
or parts affected may be made for the sole purpose of enabling the aircraft
to proceed to the nearest place at which a repair complying with the
above requirements can be carried out, and, if the person in command of
the aircraft is satisfied that having regard to the circumstances and
exige:icies of the case, such repair is adequate for the purpose, the aircraft
m.ty then proceed to fly to such place without having such temporary
repair certified in accordance with the foregoing requirements.

Certification of overhauls, repairs, replacements and modifications

48. The following provisions shall apply to or in relating to every
certificate given under Regulation 47:-








(1) The certificate shall be signed and dated by the holder of an
aircraft maintenance engineer's licence granted or rendered valid under
the Order, by. the authorised representative of any firm or company
approved as qualified to furnish such a certificate, or by any person so
approved;
(2) the certificate shall set out particulars of the overhaul, repair,
replacement or modification to which shall be appended the following
words:-
I hereby certify that in carrying out the
overhaul
repair
replacement
modification
specified above all the conditions and requirements of the
Air Navigation Regulations for the time being in force
which are applicable thereto have been complied with.

Signed........................................

D ate...........................................

(3) If the. certificate is not written in the aircraft log book, engine
log book or propeller log book, whichever is appropriate, kept in- respect
of the aircraft, the operator shall preserve the certificate for a period of
two years and shall, as soon as is reasonably practicable and in any case
within six months of the giving of the certificate, cause particulars
sufficient to identify the certificate to be written in such log book;
(4) if such log books as aforesaid are not required to be kept in
respect of the aircraft, the operator shall provide a book which shall be
deemed to be the appropriate log book for the purposes of paragraph (3)
of this Regulation.
49. With reference to Article 15 of the Order, application for the
grant or renewal of a licence to act in the capacity of aircraft maintenance
engineer, or for the extension of a rating included in such a licence, should
be made to the Administrator on a form which will be supplied by him
on request.
Age of Applicant and Period of Licence
50. (1) An applicant for the grant of an aircraft maintenance
engineer's licence must be not less than 21 years of age.
(2) The period for which a licence may remain in force, following
either the grant or any renewal thereof, shall not exceed twelve months.







Requirement, for Grant, &c., of Licence
51. The requirements to be satisfied for the grant or renewal of a
licence or for the extension of a rating may be obtained on application to
the Administrator.
Privileges attaching to Licence
52. The categories of certification and duties of certification in
respect of which licences may be granted shall be as follows:-
Category A (applicable to aircraft, excluding engines)
(i) Certification as to fitness for flight of an aircraft for
which a certificate of airworthiness is about to be
issued.
(ii) Certification of work done under approved maintenance
schedules.
(iii) Certification of repairs approved as minor repairs.
(iv) Certification of modifications approved as minor
modifications.
(v) Certification of replacement of approved components
and parts.
Category B (applicable to aircraft, excluding engines)
(i) Certification of aircraft after overhaul, including the
engine installation, except that the overhaul, repair or
modification of the instruments, automatic pilots,
variable-pitch propellers or electrical equipment shall
have been previously certified by a firm approved for
the purpose or by an aircraft maintenance engineer
licensed for the purpose in Category X.
(ii) Certification of approved repairs.
(iii) Certification of approved modifications.
(iv) Certification of the replacement of approved com-
ponents and parts.
(v) Certification of the construction of components and
parts and the materials used therefore, unless it is
stated in the licence that this duty is excluded.
Cale/,ry C (appliW:hle to engines)
(i) Certification ;s to fitness for flight of the engines in an
aircraft for which a certificate of airworthiness is about
to be issued.








'(ii) Certification of work done under approved maintenance
schedules.
(iii) Certification of the embodiment of approved modifica-
tions and the replacement of approved components
and parts, provided that the work has not involved
dismantling the engine other than to obtain access to
the pistons, cylinders and valve-operating gear.
Category D (applicable to engines only)
(i) Certification of engines after overhaul, except that the
overhaul, repair or modification of magnetos and other
ignition equipment shall have been previously certified
by a firm approved for the purpose or by an aircraft
maintenance engineer licensed for the purpose in
Category X.
(ii) Certification of approved repairs.
(iii) Certification of approved modifications.
(iv) Certification of the replacement of approved com-
ponents and parts.
(v) Certification of the construction of components and
parts and the materials used therefore, unless it is
stated in the licence that this duty is excluded.
Category X
(i) Certification of the installation and the compensation of
compasses.
(ii) Certification of overhauls, repairs, modifications or re-
placements to magnetos and other ignition equipment.
(iii) Certification of overhauls, repairs, modifications or
replacements to and installation of:-
(a) variable-pitch propellers;
(b) aircraft instruments and engine instruments
(c) electrical equipment;
(d) automatic pilots.

53. The following log books shall be in all essentials in the fornr
of the authorised patterns:-







Engine log book
Variable-pitch propeller log book
Personal flying logbook j
54. Aircraft log books, other than for airships and balloons,
engine log books, variable-pitch propeller log books, and other log books
hall be kept so as to furnish all the information and particulars provided
for in the authorised patterns referred to in Regulation 53, and the
Instructions for Use set out in such authorised patterns shall be complied
with, subject to these Regulations.
(Aircraft log books for airships and balloons and log books
for winches of captive balloons will be kept in such manner as the
Administrator may require.)

55. All entries, other than preliminary data ordinarily furnished
by the constructor in the original aircraft, engine and variable-pitch
propeller log book shall-
(a) In the case of a certificate under Regulation 48, be made
and signed in accordance with that paragraph.
(b) In other cases, be made and signed by a licensed aircraft
maintenance engineer, except that, as regards matters
which could not have come to the notice of a licensed
aircraft maintenance engineer, .the entries shall be made
and signed by the pilot:
Provided that (b) of this paragraph shall not apply with
respect to any entry prescribed to be made by a licensed aircraft
radio engineer.
56. When repairs to an aircraft, engine or variable-pitch propeller
have been required in consequence either of damage caused by a forced
landing or of defects which have occasioned a forced landing, the entry of
such repairs made in the aircraft, engine or variable-pitch propeller log
book shall state that they have been so required and shall identify the
forced landing in question.
67. Entries in the personal flying log book shall be made at latest
within 24 hours after the events to which they relate, and in the aircraft,
engine, or variable-pitch propeller log book shall be made at latest within
24 hours after the return of the aircraft to its station.

68. Every entry and signature in any log book shall be made in ink
or indelible vetciL






57'

PARTiVII
CARRIAGE'OF PERSONNEL
59. With reference to Article 22 of the Order, the following require-
ments shalLapply in relation to the number and description of the personnel
to be carried in aircraft registered in the Colony.
Minimum operating crew
60. An aircraft shall carry on all flights an operating crew
adequate in number and description to ensure the safety of the aircraft and
of at least the number and description specified as the minimum operating
crew in the certificate of airworthiness relating to the aircraft in force
under the Order or, if no such certificate is in force, in the certificate of
airworthiness last in force under the Order relating to the aircraft-
Provided that if no certificate of airworthiness relating to the aircraft
is or has been in force under the Order and the aircraft is an aircraft con-
forming with a prototype or prototype (modified) aircraft in respect of
which a certificate of airworthine.-s has been issued under the Order, the
operating crew to be carried in the aircraft shall be of at least the number
and description specified as the minimum operating crew in that certificate.
Carriage of a flight engineer
61. Where a flight engineer is required by the terms of the certifi-
cate of airworthiness to be carried in an aircraft and a separate flight
engineer's station is incorporated in the design of the aircraft a flight
engineer, qualified under the erms of his licence to act in that capacity in
the aircraft, shall be carried and assigned for duties only at the said station
unless the operating crew includes a person, licensed for flight duties in
another capacity and being also the holder of the appropriate flight
engineer's licence who could, without interference with his normal duties,
carry out satisfactorily the duties also of flight engineer, in which case that
person may act in the capacity of flight engineer.
Carriage of additional pilots
62. (i) When an aircraft carries two or more pilots as members of
the operating crew-
(a) one of them shall, before the flight commences, be designa-
ted by the operator of the aircraft as the senior pilot and
the other pilots shall act only under his direction;
(b) two pilots shall remain at the controls when the aircraft is
departing from or landing at an aerodrome; and
(c) at least one pilot shall remain at the controls at all times
during flight.








(2) A public transport flying machine having a maximum
total weight authorised of more than 22,500 lb. when departing from
or arriving at an aerodrome in IFR weather conditions shall carry, to act
in the capacity of second pilot and for the particular purpose of assisting
the senior pilot during such departure and arrival as aforesaid, a person
who is the holder of a commercial, senior commercial or airline transport
pilot's licence (flying machines) including an instrument rating.
Carriage of a fliqht navigator
63. (1) A public transport aircraft when carrying out any flight
described in the following paragraph of this Regulation shall carry a duly
licensed flight navigator as a member of the operating crew in addition to
the members thereof whose carriage in the circumstances of the flight is
required, apart from this Regulation, by or under the Order.
(2) The requirements of the preceding paragraph shall apply
to a public transport aircraft when carrying out any flight-
(a) the proposed route of which as planned prior to take-off
exceeds a great circle distance of 500 nautical miles when
measured along either-
(i) the route as intended to be flown if conditions per-
mit, or
(ii) that route as it may be varied by any diversion
planned prior to take-off as an alternative for
adoption if necessary in the course of the flight,
from the point of take-off to, in case (i) the point of first
intended landing or, in case (ii), the point of first landing
specified for the purpose of any such diversion:
Provided that the Administrator may grant approval for
public transport aircraft to carry out flights on any route
which exceeds 500 nautical miles as described in paragraph
(2) of this Regulation, but which does not exceeds 1,500
nautical miles, without carrying a duly licensed flight
navigator as a member of the operating crew in addition to
the members thereof whose carriage in the circumstances is
required, if he is satisfied that such flights may safely be
carried out.
Carriage of a steward
64. When a public transport aircraft is carrying in flight twenty
or more passengers, the personnel of the aircraft shall include a steward
or stewardess for the purpose of performing in the interest of the safety
of passengers duties to be assigned by the operator or the person in
command of the aircraft, but who shall not act as a pilot, flight navigator,
flight engineer or flight radio operator of the aircraft.








65. The foregoing regulations in this Part have effect subject to
the provisions of the proviso to Article 22 (2) of the Order as to the
powers of the Administrator.

PART VIII
STUDENT PILOT'S LICENCE

66. With reference to Article 25 of the Order, application for the
grant or renewal of a student pilot's licence should be made to the
Administrator on a form which will be supplied by him on request.
Age of Applicant and Per;od of Licence
67. (1) An applicant for the grant of a licence must be not less
than 17 years of age.

(2) The period for which a licence may (subject as provided by
paragraph (d) in Regulation 69) remain in force, following either the
grant or any renewal thereof, shall not -xceed-

(a) twenty-four months if the applicant is less than 40 years of
age; or

(b) twelve months if the applicant is 40 years of age or more.
Medical Requirements

68. (1) An applicant for the grant or renewal of a licence shall be
required to-

(a) satisfy the requirements as to mental and physical fitness
specified in Regulations 187 to 208 for the grant of a private
pilot's licence (flying machines); and

(b) furnish to the medical examiner a declaration, signed by
him, stating whether he has previously undergone such
medical examination, and, if so, where, when and with what
result. A false declaration may entail the cancellation of
any licence granted or renewed as a result of the examina-
tion.

(2) The holder of a licence shall comply with the requirements
specified in Regulations 190 and 191.
Conditions of Licence


69. A licence








(a) shall entitle the holder thereof, subject to the provisions of
sub-paragraphs (c) and (d) in paragraph (1) of Regulation
70, to carry out flights as pilot in charge of a flying
machine only for the purpose of becoming qualified for the
.grant or renewal of a flying machine pilot's licence;
(b) shall be valid only for flights within the Colony;
(c) shall be subject to such further conditions as may be attached
to or endorsed on the licence; and
(d) shall lapse upon the grant to the holder of a flying machine
pilot's licence.
PART IX
PRACTICE FLIGHTS

70. With reference to Article 21 (5) of the Order, a person who
is not the holder of a pilot's licence to fly flying machines or public trans-
port or aerial work gliders may fly within the Colony as pilot in charge
of a flying machine or a public transport or aerial work glider, as the case
may be, for the purpose of becoming qualified for the grant or renewal of
such a licence, subject to the conditions specified in paragraphs (1) and
(2) respectively of this Regulation.
(1) Flying Machines-
(a) He shall, if required to do so by Article 25 of the Order, be
the holder of a student pilot's licence granted under
the Order;
(b) he must not be less than 17 years of age;
(c) no other person, except a person required under the Order
or these Regulations to be carried as a member of the operat-
ing crew, shall be carried in the flying machine; and
(d) each flight shall be carried out in accordance with instruc-
tions given by a person entitled by virtue of a rating
included in his pilot's licence to give instruction in flying
flying machines and shall terminate at the aerodrome of
departure. Intermediate practice landings may, however,
in accordance with such instructions, be made elsewhere
than at the aerodrome of departure.

(2) Public Transport or Aerial Work Gliders-

(a) He must be not less than 16 years of age;








(b) no other person, except a person required under the Order
or these Regulations to be carried as a member of the
operating crew, shall be carried in the glider;
(c) in the case of a glider of which the maximum total weight
authorized exceeds 1,250 lb. which in the course of flight is
towed by a flying machine and released therefrom, each
flight shall be carried out in accordance with instructions
given by a person entitled, by virtue of a rating included
in his pilot's licence, to give instructions in flying gliders
towed by flying machines, and shall terminate either at the
aerodrome of departure, or, with the consent of such person,
at a place within three nautical miles therefrom.
Flights to qualify for Extension of Licence
71. With reference to Article 21 (6) of the Order, a person who is
the holder of a pilot's licence to fly flying machines or gliders may fly
within the Colony as pilot in charge of a flying machine or glider, as the
case may be, of a class or type other than a class or type to which the
licence relates, for the purpose of qualifying for an extension of the licence
to include such class or type of flying machine or glider:
Provided that, when he is so flying, no other person shall be carried
in .the flying machine or glider except-
(a) a person required under the Order or these Regulations to
be carried as a member of the operating crew of the flying
maclhne or glider; or
(b) if the pilot in charge of the flying machine is the holder of a
pilot's licence to fly public transport fl ing machines, a
person carried with the consent of the operator of the flying
machine for the purpose of being trained to perform duties
as a member of the operating crew of a flying machine.
Flying Machines Towing Gliders
72. With reference to Article 46 (2) of the Order, a person who
i,; the holder of a pilot's licence to fly flying machines may fly within the
Colony as pilot in charge of a flying machine towing a glider of which the
maximum total weight authorised exceeds 1,250 lb., and as pilot in charge
of such glider as aforesaid which in the course of flight is towed by a flying
machine and released therefrom, for the purpose of becoming qualified for
the grant of a towing rating, subject to the following conditions:-
(a) no other person except a person required under the Order
or these Regulations to be carried as a member of the
operating crew, shall be carried in the flying machine or the
glider;








(b) when flying as pilot in charge of a flying machine towing
such a glider as aforesaid each flight shall be carried out in
accordance with instructions given by a person entitled, by
virtue of a rating included in his pilot's licence, to give
instruction in flying gliders towed by flying machines, and
in such manner that both the flying machine, and the glider
after release therefrom, land either at the aerodrome of
departure or, with the consent of such person, at a place
within three nautical miles therefrom; and

(c) when flying as pilot in charge of such a glider as aforesaid
which in the course of flight is towed by a flying machine
and released therefrom, each flight shall be carried out in
accordance with instructions given by a person entitled, by
virtue of a rating included in his pilot's licence, to give
instructions in flying gliders towed by flying machines, and
shall terminate either at the aerodrome of departure, or with
the consent of such person, at a place within three nautical
miles therefrom:

Provided that condition (c) shall not apply if the person flying as
pilot in charge of the glider is the holder of a glider pilot's licence valid
for the type of glider in which the flight is being made.
PART X
LICENSING OF MEMBERS OF OPERATING CREW
General
73. With reference to Articles 23 and 24 of the Order,. application
for the grant, renewal, extension or validation of a licence to act as a member
of the operating crew of aircraft registered in the Colony should be made
to the Administrator, on a form which will be supplied by him on request.

74. The requirements to be complied with in respect of technical
competency, flying experience, &c., and the other conditions relating to
the various classes of licences (other than flight radio operators' licences)
set out in Article 23 of the Order are specified in this Part as indicated
hereunder. Part IX of these Regulations shows the conditions under
which practice flights to acquire the necessary competence and flying
experience may be carried out.
With reference, however, to Regulations 79 to 124 (which relate to
flying machine pilots' licences) the requirements and conditions therein
specified may, as respects licences to fly flying mLachines other than
aeroplanes (e.g. helicopters or gyroplanes) be subject to such modifications
as the Administrator may consider appropriate in the particular case.








Erexemption for Military Pilots
7 5. An applicant who has at any time qualified as a pilot of flying
machines in any of Her Majesty's air forces may, at the discretion of the
Administrator and according to the applicant's qualifications and flying
experience, be exempted from compliance with all or any part (if the
requirements relating to practical flying tests, flying experience or technical
examinations specified in this Part for the grant of a flying machine pilot's
licence, the extension of the aircraft rating in such a licence or the inclusion
therein of an instrument rating:
Provided that-
(i) Such exemption may, if it relates to practical flying
tests, be made conditional upon the satisfactory
completion by the applicant of a special flying
test; and
(ii) any exemption from the requirements specified for
the extension of an aircraft rating shall be deter-
mined having regard to the applicant's flying
experience on the class or type of flying machine
to which the application relates.
INSTRUMENT RATING
Privileges attaching to Rating
76. (1) The holder of a licence which includes an instrument
rating shall not be entitled to exercise the privilege (f the rating, unless
he has during the immediately preceding thirteen months passed an
instrument flying test including, if appropriate, asymmetric power tests,
and a certificate by the approved examiner to that effect is entered in the
certificate of validity relating to the licence.
(2) for the purposes of this Regulatioh an "instrument rating"
means a rating entitling the holder of the licence in which it is included
to fly as pilot in charge under Instrument Flight Rules in accordance
with the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) of paragraph (2) of Rtule 33 in
Schedule II to the Order.
Requirements for obtaining Rating

77. An applicant for an instrument rating shall be required to
satisfy the requirements as respects fl- ing experience, instrument flying
tests and technical examination hereunlder specified.
Flying Experience
The applicant shall be required to produce satisfactory evidence
that he-








(a) has carried out as pilot in charge of a flying machine not
less than 150 hours' flying, including 50 hours' cross-
country flying by day; and

(b) has carried out as pilot of a flying machine not less than
40 hours' flying solely by reference to instruments:
Provided that-

(i) a maximum of 20 hours' instrument flying train-
ing carried out on the ground in approved devices
may be accepted in part satisfaction of this
requirement; and

(ii) in the case of an applicant who has passed an
approved course of training in instrument flying
the said requirement of 10 hours' flying may be
reduced to 30 hours, but in such case the maximum
of 20 hours' instrument flying training referred
to in proviso (i) above shall be reduced to 10 hours.

Instrument Flying Tests
The applicant shall be required, in the course of an instrument flying
test with an examiner on board, to demonstrate his competence to fly
solely by reference to instruments and in accordance with the Instrument
Flight Rules in Schedule II to the Order.

Technical Examination
The applicant shall be required to undergo an examination (including
practical tests) as to his knowledge of the following subjects:-
(a) aviation law;
(b) flight operation;
(c) air navigation;
(d) meteorology; and
(e) the interpretation of signals given in morse code.

Syllabuses of Instrument Fi'1iiig Tests and Technical Exan,ination

78. The details of the instrument flying tests (including asymme-
tric power tests) and the technical examination referred to in Regulations
76 and 77 may be obtained on application to the Administrator.








PRIVATE PILOT'S LICENCE (FLYING MARINES)
Age of Applicant and Period of Licence
79. (1) An applicant for the grant of a private pilot's licence
flying machines) must be not less than 17 years of age.
(2) The period for which a licence may remain in force, follow-
ng either the grant or any renewal thereof, shall not exceed-
(a) twenty-four months if the applicant is less than 40 years
of age; or
(b) twelve months if the applicant is 40 years of age or more.
Privileges attaching to Licence

80. The holder of the licence shall be entitled to fly-
(a) as pilot in charge of any private flying machine of a type
described or specified in the aircraft rating of the licence;
and
(b) as second pilot of any private flying machine of the same
class as a flying machine described or specified in the air-
craft rating of the licence.
Particulars of Aircraft Rating

81. The aircraft rating included in a licence to fly aeroplanes may
include one or more of the following groups or types of aeroplanes:
Provided that each group shall be restricted to the class of aeroplanes
in respect of which the applicanE qualifies for the grant of a licence:-
Group A-All single-engined types of aeroplanes of which the
maximum total weight authorised does not exceed 12,500 lb.
Group B-All types of aeroplanes having two or more engines
of which the maximum total weight authorised does not
exceed 12,500 lb.
Group C-Particular types of aeroplanes of which the
maximum total weight authorised exceeds 12,500 lb.
Technical Requirements for Grant of Licence
Flying Experience
82. An applicant for the grant of a licence shall be required to
produce satisfactory evidence that he ha3 had not less than 40 hours'
experience as a pilot of flying machines, comprising-
(i) flying training under a competent instructor in ia
dual-controlled flying machine; and








(ii) at least 10 hours' flying as pilot in charge, not less
than 3 hours of which must have been cross-
country flying carried out within the six months
immediately preceding the date of the application,
and must have included one flight on a triangular
course during which the flying machine landed
and came to rest at two intermediate places one
being not less than 50 nautical miles from the
place of departure:

Provided that-

(i) in the case of an applicant who has experience in
the flying of gliders the foregoing requirements,
excepting those in respect of cross-country flying,
may be reduced to such extent as the Administra-
tor may consider appropriate in the particular
case; and

(ii) in the case of an applicant who has passed an
approved course of flying training the said require-
ment of 40 hours' flying may be reduced to
30 hours.
Practical Flying Tests

83. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
35, be required to demonstrate in the course of general flying tests his
competencee to carry out normal and emergency manoeuvres on the class,
-roup or type of flying machine to which the application relates.

Technical Examination

84. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
15, be required to undergo an examination as to his knowledge of the
followingg subjects:-

(a) aviation law;

(b) elementary meteorology;

(c) map reading and use of compass;

(d) method of operation and functioning of flying machines,
with particular relation to the class or type of flying
machine for which the licence is desired.







Exemptions
85. An applicant may, at the discretion of the Administrator and
according to the applicant's qualifications and experience, be exempted
from all or any of the flying tests and technical examination if he:-
(i) has at any time held a flying machine pilot's
licence; or
(ii) has satisfied an approved examiner within the
period of one year immediately preceding the date
of the application for the licence that he is compe-
tent to operate the class or type of flying machine
to which the application relates.
For the purpose of this Regulation the expression an approved
Examiner means a person who has been authorised in writing by the
Administrator to conduct the flying tests or technical examinations,
Syllabuses of Practical Flying Tests and Technical Examination
86. The details of the practical flying tests, including the conditions
applicable thereto, and the technical examination referred to in Regula-
tions 83 and 84 may be obtained on application to the Administrator.
Night Rating
87. (1) A night rating may be included in a licence and shall entitle
the holder, subject to the privileges attaching to the licence, to act as pilot
in charge of flying machines carrying passengers on flights made by night:
Provided that the holder of a licence which includes a night rating
shall not (except in a case where the licence also includes a rating entitling
him to act as instructor or as assistant instructor in the flying of flying
machines and he is flying for the purpose of so acting) exercise the
privileges of such night rating unless he has, within the immediately pre-
-eding six months, carried out as pilot in charge of a flying machine not
less than five take-offs and five landings by night.
(2) An applicant for a night rating shall be required to produce
satisfactory evidence that he has carried out in an aeroplane not less than
50 hours' flying as pilot, comprising:-
(a) flying training under a competent instructor in a dual-
controlled aeroplane;
(b) at least 25 hours' flying as pilot in charge of the aeroplane;
(c) at least 5 hours' instructions in instrument flying; and








(d) at least 5 hours' night flying, including not less than five
flights as pilot in charge, carried out to the satisfaction of a
competent instructor within the six months immediately
preceding the date of the application:

Provided that a maximum of two and a half hours' instrument flying
training carried out on the ground in approved devices may be accepted in
part satisfaction of the requirement specified at (c) in this paragraph.

(3) The evidence normally required with respect to the flying
experience specified at (c) in this paragraph shall consist of a certificate
issued by a person who holds a flying machine pilot's licence including an
instructor's rating.

Flying Experience for Renewal of Licence

88. An applicant for the renewal of a licence shall be required to
produce satisfactory evidence that he has had, during the twelve months
immediately preceding the date of the application, not less than 5 hours'
flying experience as pilot in charge on each class of flying machine for
which the renewal is desired and, if the application is in respect of aeroplanes
in Group C, reasonable flying experience as pilot in charge on each type
of aeroplane for which the renewal is desired. In default of such evidence
the applicant may be required to undergo all or any part of the practical
flying tests and the technical examination specified for the grant of a
* licence, as the Administrator may consider appropriate in the circumstances
of the case.
Extension of Licence
8 9. An applicant for the extension of the aircraft rating in a licence
to include an additional class or type of flying machine willnormally be
required to carry out practical flying tests in accordance with Regulation
83 and to undergo a technical examination in the method of operation and
functioning of flying machines of the class or type to which the application
relates:

Provided that an applicant may, at the discretion of the Administratoi
and according to the applicant's qualifications and experience, be exempted
from all or any part of the said tests and examination if he has satisfied
an approved examiner within the period of tw, years immediately preceding
the date of the application for the extension of 'he rating that he is com-
petent to operate the class or type of flying machine to which the application
relates.

For the purpose of this Regulation the expression an approved
examiner means a person who has been authorised in writing by th(
Administrator to conduct the flvine tests or technical examinations.








COMMERCIAL PILOT'S LICENCE (FLYING MACHINES)
Age of Applicant and Persod of Licence
90. An applicant for the grant of a commercial pilot's licence
flying machines) must be not less than 1S years of age.
91. The period for which a licence may remain in force, following
either the grant or any renewal thereof, shall not exceed six months.
Aircraft Rating
92. The aircraft rating included in the licence shall specify, in
xroup 1 and Group 2 thereof, the type or types of flying machines
vhich, subject to Regulation 93, the holder of the licence is entitled to fly
*s pilot in charge and as second pilot respectively.
Group 2 shall include all the types of flying machines which are
enteredd in Group 1 and such other types as may be specified.
Privileges attaching to Licence
93. The holder of the licence shall be entitled to fly-
(i) as pilot in charge of-
(a) any public transport flying machine of which the
maximun total weight authorised does not exceed
12,500 lb. and which is not employed on a
scheduled journey; and
(b) if the licence includes an instrument rating, any
public transport flying machine of which the
maximum total weight authorized does not exceed
12,500 lb.; and
(c) any aerial work flying machine; and
(d) any private flying machine;
which is of the same type as a flying machine specified in
Group 1 of the aircraft rating of the licence; and
(e) any private aeroplane the maximum total weight
authorised of which does not exceed 12,500 lb. if
an aeroplane of the same class is specified in Group
1 of the aircraft rating of the licence:
Provided that the holder of the licence shall not
(except in a case where he is a person entitled by
virtue of a rating included in the licence to act as
instructor or as assistant instructor in the flying







of flying machines and is flying for the purpose
of so acting) be entitled to act as pilot in charge
of a flying machine carrying passengers on a flight
made by night, unless he has, within the immedi-
ately preceding 90 days, carried out as pilot in
charge of a flying machine not less than 5 take-offs
and 5 landings by night; and
(ii) as second pilot of-
(a) any public transport flying machine carrying
passengers;
(b) any public transport flying machine not carrying
passengers;
(c) any aerial work flying machine; and
(d) any private flying machine;
which, as respects (a), is of the same type, and, as respects (b),
(c) and (d), is of the same class, as a flying machine specified in
Group 2 of the aircraft rating of the licence.
Technical Requirements for Grant of Licence
Flying Experience
94. An applicant for the grant of a licence shall, subject to the
provisions of Regulation 98, be required to produce satisfactory evidence
that he has had not less than 200 hours' experience in flying flying
machines, comprising-
(a) flying training under a competent instructor in a dual-
controlled flying machine, not less than 10 hours of which must
have been instruction in instrument flying;
(b) flying as pilot in charge for not less than 100 hours,
including
(i) at least 20 hours' cross-country or overs,-a flying,
including one flight of at least 300 nautical miles
during which the flying machine must have landed
and come to rest at two intermediate places;
(ii) at least 10 hours' night flying (5 hours of which,
however, may have been carried out under instruction),
during which the applicant must have carried out
10 take-offs and 10 landings by night without
assistance from any other person on board the flying
machine; and








(iii) at least 10 hours' flying carried out during the six
months immediately preceding the date of the
application; and
(c) a reasonable amount of flying experience as pilot on the
type of flying machine to which the application relates.
Provided that-
(i) in the case of an applicant who has passed an approved
course of flying training, the said requirement of 200
hours' flying experience may, at the discretion of the
Administrator, be reduced to 150 hours;

(ii) flying experience as second pilot may be reckoned
towards the total requirement of 200 hours (or 150
hours) to the extent that one half of such flying, up
to a maximum allowance of 50 hours, may be
included if it was carried out on (a) flying machines
required under -the Order or these Regulations to
have on board more than one pilot, or (b) military
flying machines which normally carried more than one
pilot.
Practical Flying Tests
965. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
98, be required in the course of flying tests, including flights by day
and by night with an examiner on board, to demonstrate his general
competence as a pilot during normal and emergency manoeuvres and his
ability to fly the type of flying machine to which the application relates.
Technical Examination
96. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
98, be required to undergo an examination (including practical tests) as
to his knowledge of the following subjects:-
(a) aviation law;
(b) flight operation;
(c) air navigation;
(d) meteorology;
(e) the interpretation of navigational aid identification signals;
( f) theory of flight and aircraft operating limitations;
(g) aircraft equipment and installations;
(h) airframe and power plant maintenance.







Syllabuses of Practiral F'.7y Tests and Technical Examination
97. The details of the practical flying tests, including thE
conditions applicable thereto, and the technical examination referred tc
in Regulations 95 and 9t6, may be obtained on application to the
Administrator.

Exemptions
98. An applicant who has been the holder of a commercial pilot'E
licence (flying machines) or a licence of a higher class may, at the
discretion of the Administrator and having regard to the type of flying
machine for which a licence is desired, be exempted from all or any part
of the requirements as to flying experience, practical flying tests and
technical examination specified in Regulations 94, 95 and 96. Any
exemption in respect of the said practical flying tests may be made
conditional upon the satisfactory completion by the applicant of a special
flying test.
Flying Experience for Renewal of Licence

99. An applicant for the renewal of a licence shall be required
to produce satisfactary evidence that he has had reasonable flying
experience as a pilot of flying machines during the six months immediately
preceding the date of the application. The applicant may also, at the
discretion of the Administrator, be required to produce satisfactory
evidence that he has had reasonable flying experience as a pilot on
each type of flying machine for which the renewal is desired since the
type was entered on the licence. In default of such evidence as aforesaid
the applicant may be required to undergo all or any part of the practical
flying tests and technical examination specified for the grant or extension
of a licence as the Administrator may consider appropriate in the
circumstances of the case.
Extension of Licence
100. An applicant for the extension of the aircraft rating of a
licence to include the flying of an additional type of flying machine, either
as pilot in charge or as second pilot, shall be required to satisfy the
Administrator as to his competence to fly the type of flying machine
concerned. For this purpose the applicant shall be required to satisfy
the requirements as to flying experience, practical flying tests and
technical examination referred to in Regulation 97.
SENIOR COMMERCIAL PILOT'S LICENCE (FLYING MACHINES)
Age of Applicant and P'eriod of Licence
101. An applicant for the grant of a senior commercial pilot's
licence (flying machines) must be not less than 21 years of age.






73
102. The period for which a licence may remain in force, following
either the grant or any renewal thereof, shall not exceed six months.
Aircraft Ratirn
103. The aircraft rating included in the licence shall specify, in
Group 1 and Group 2 thereof, the type or types of flying machines
which, subject to Regulation 104, the holder of the licence is entitled
to fly as pilot in charge and as second pilot respectively, Group 2 shall
include all the types of flying machines which are entered in Group 1 and
such other types as may be specified.
Privileges attaching to Licence
104. (1) The holder of the licence shall be entitled to fly-
(i) as pilot in charge of
(a) any public transport flying machine of which the
maximum total weight authorised does not exceed
30,000 lb.,
(b) any aerial work flying machine, and
(c) any private flying machine,
which is of the same type as a flying machine specified in
Group 1 of the aircraft rating of the licence; and
(d) any private aeroplane the maximum total weight
authorised of which does not exceed 12,500 lb. if an
aeroplane of the same class is specified in Group 1 of
the aircraft rating of the licence;
(ii) as second pilot of-
(a) any public transport flying machine carrying
passengers,
(b) any public transport flying machine not carrying
passengers,
(c) any aerial work flying machine, and
(d) any private flying machine,
which, as respects (a), is of the same type, and, as respects
(b), (r) and (d), is of the same class, as a flying machine
specified in Group 2 of the aircraft rating of the licence.
instrument Rating
(2) The licence shall include an instrument rating.








Technical Requirements for Grant of Licence
Instrument Rating
105. An applicant for the grant of a licence shall be required to
satisfy the requirements for an instrument rating specified in Regulation
77: Provided that an applicant who is the holder of a flying machine pilot's
licence in which an instrument rating is included shall be excepted from
this requirement.
Flying Experience
106. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
110, be required to produce satisfactory evidence that he has had not less
than 700 hours' experience as pilot in flying machines, comprising
(a) not less than 200 hours' experience as pilot in charge
of flying machines, including
(i) at least 50 hours' cross-country or oversea flying;
(ii) at least 15 hours' flying by night and in addition
at least 1 0 hours' cross-country or oversea flying
either by night or solely by reference to
instruments; and
(iii) at least 10 hours' flying carried out during the
six months immediately preceding the date of
the application; and
(b) a reasonable amount of flying experience as pilot on
the type of flying machine to which the application
relates:
Provided (i) that flying experience as second pilot may be reckoned
towards the total requirement of 700 hours to the extent that one half
of such flying may be included if it was carried out on (a) flying machines
required under the Order or these Regulations to have on board more than
one pilot, or (b) military flying machines which normally carried more
than one pilot; and (ii) that no evidence of experience of flying solely by
reference to instruments produced in order to obtain an instrument rating
shall be taken into account for the purposes of this Regulation.
Practical Fying Tests
107. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
110, be required, in the course of flying tests with an examiner on board
and including an instrument flying test, to demonstrate his general
competence as a pilot during normal and emergency manoeuvres under
visual and instrument flight conditions, and his ability to fly the type of
fiving machine to which the aoDlication relates.








Technical Examination
108. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
110 be required to undergo an examination (including practical tests) as to
his knowledge of the following subjects:-
(a) aviation law;
(b) flight operation;
(c) air navigation;
(d) meteorology;
(e) the interpretation of navigational aid identification signals;
(f) theory of flight and aircraft operating limitations;
(g) aircraft equipment and installations;
(h) airframe and power plant maintenance.
Syllabuses of Practical Flying Tests and Technical Examination
109. The details of the practical flying tests, including the
conditions applicable thereto, and the technical examination referred
to in Regulations 107 and 108 may be obtained on application to the
Administrator.
Exemptions
110. (1) An applicant who is the holder of a commercial pilot's
licence (flying machines) in respect of the type of flying machine to which
the application relates shall not be required to undergo again the flying
tests and technical examination normally required in respect of that type;
and
(ii) an applicant who has been the holder of a senior commercial
pilot's licence (flying machines) or a licence of a higher class may, at the
discretion of the A administrator and having regard to the type of flying
machine for which a licence is desired, be exempted from all or any part
of the requirements as to flying experience, practical flying tests and
technical examination, specified in Regulations 106, 107 and 108. Any
exemption in respect of the said practical flying tests may be made
conditional upon the satisfactory completion by the applicant of a special
flying test.
Renewal of Licence
111. An applicant for the renewal of a licence shall be required
to produce satisfactory evidence that he has had reasonable flying
experience as a pilot of flying machines during the six months immediately








preceding the date of the application. The applicant may also, at the
discretion of the Administrator, be required to produce satisfactory
evidence that he has had reasonable flying experience as a pilot on each
type of flying machine for which the rewenal is desired since the type
was entered on the licence. In default of such evidence as aforesaid
the applicant may be required to undergo all or any part of the prac-
tical flying tests and technical examination specified for the grant or
extension of a licence as the Administrator may consider appropriate in
the circumstances of the case.
Extension of Licence
112. An applicant for the extension of the aircraft rating of a
licence to include the flying of an additional type of flying machine,
either as pilot in charge or as second pilot, shall be required to satisfy
the Administrator as to his competence to fly the type of flying
machine concerned. For this purpose the applicant shall be required
to satisfy the requirements as to flying experience, practical flying
tests and technical examination referred to in Regulation 109.
AIRLINE TRANSPORT PILOT's LICENCE (FLYING MACHINES)
Age of Applicant and Period of Licence
113. An applicant for the grant of an airline transport pilot's
licence (flying machines) must be not less than 21 years of age.
114. The period for which a licence may remain in force,
Following either the grant or any renewal thereof, shall not exceed six
months.
Aircraft Rating
115. The aircraft rating included in the licence shall specify,
[n Group 1 and Group 2 thereof, the type or types of flying machines
which, subject to Regulation 116, the holder of the licence is entitled
to fly as pilot in charge and as second pilot respectively. Group 2
shall include all the types of flying machines which are entered in
Group 1 and such other types as may be specified.
Privileges attaching to Licence
116. (1) The holder of the licence shall be entitled to fly-
(i) as pilot in charge of-
(a) any public transport flying machine,
(b) any aerial work flying machine, and
(c) any private flvinzn machine.








which is of the same type as a flying machine specified in
Group 1 of the aircraft rating of the licence; and
(d) any private aeroplane the maximum total weight
authorised of which does not exceed 12,500 lb. if an
aeroplane of the same class is specified in Group 1
of the aircraft rating of the licence;
(ii) as second pilot of-
(a) any public transport flying machine carrying
passengers,
(b) any public transport flying machine not carrying
passengers,
(c) any aerial work flying machine, and
(d) any private flying machine,
which, as respects (a), is of the same type, and, as respects
(b), (c) and (d), is of the same class, as a flying machine(
specified in Group 2 of the aircraft rating of the licence
Instrument Rating
(2) The licence shall include an instrument rating.
Technical I.equirements for Grant of Licence
Instrument Bating
117. An applicant for the grant of a licence shall be required
to satisfy the requirements for an instrument rating specified ii
Regulation 77: Provided that an applicant who is the holder of i
flying machine pilot's licence in which an instrument rating i!
included shall be excepted from this requirement.
Flying Experience
118. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regula
tion 122, be required to produce satisfactory evidence that he has ha(
not less than 1,200 hours' experience as a pilot in flying machines
comprising
(a) at least 100 hours' night flying;
(b) at least 250 hours' flying as pilot in charge, of whicl
not less than 10 hours must have been carried ou
during the six months immediately preceding th(
date of the application, and including not less thai
100 hours' cross country or oversea flying of whici
not less than 25 hours must have been flown b,
night;








(c) at least 75 hours' flying solely by reference to
instruments which must have been carried out by
the applicant without assistance from any other
person on board the flying machine;

(d) a reasonable amount of flying on the type of flying
machine to which the application relates;

(e) at least 200 hours' cross-country or oversea flying as
second pilot in flying machines required under the
Order or these Regulations to have on board more
than one pilot, or in military flying machines which
normally carried more than one pilot:

Provided that
(i) flying experience as second pilot may be
reckoned towards the total requirement of
1,200 hours to the extent that one half of such
flying may be included if it was carried out in
flying machines (a), required under the Order
or these Regulations to have on board more than
one pilot, or (b), in military flying machines
which normally carried more than one pilot;

(ii) an applicant who has had not less than 200
hours' experience as pilot in charge on cross-
country or oversea flights may be exempted
from the requirement specified at (e) in this
paragraph;

(iii) training in instrument flying carried out on
the ground in approved devices may, at the
discretion of the Administrator, up to a
maximum of 25 hours, be accepted in part
satisfaction of the requirement specified at (c)
in this paragraph.

Practical Flying Tests

119. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regula-
tion 122, be required, in the course of flying tests with an examine
on board and including an instrument flying test, to demonstrate
his general competence as a pilot during normal and emergency
manoeuvres under visual and instrument flight conditions, and his
ability to fly the type of flying machine to which the application
relates.








Technical Examination
120. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regula-
tion 122, be required to undergo an examination (including practical
tests) as to his knowledge of the following subjects:-
(a) aviation law;
(b) flight operation;
(c) air navigation;
(d) meteorology;
(e) the interpretation of navigational aid identification
signals;
(f) theory of flight and aircraft operating limitations;
(g) aircraft equipment and installations;
(h) airframe and power plant maintenance.
Syllabuses of Practical Flying Tests and Technical Examination
121. The details of the practical flying tests, including the
conditions applicable thereto, and the technical examination referred
to in Regulations 119 and 120 may be obtained on application to the
Administrator.
Exemptions
122. (i) An applicant who is the holder of a commercial or a
senior commercial pilot's licence (flying machines) in respect of the
type of flying machine to which the application relates shall not be
required to undergo again the flying tests and technical examination
normally required in respect of that type; and
(ii) an applicant who has -been the holder of an airline transport
pilot's licence (flying machines) may, at the discretion of the Administra-
tor and having regard to the type of flying machine for which a licence is
desired, be exempted from all or any part of the requirements as to flying
experience, practical flying test and technical examination specified in
Regulations. 118, 119 and 120. Any exemption in respect of the said
practical flying tests may be made conditional upon the satisfactory
completion by the applicant of a special flying test.
Renewal of Licence
123. An applicant for the renewal of a licence shall be required
to produce satisfactory evidence that he has had reasonable flying
experience as a pilot of flying machines during the six months immediately








preceding the date of the application. The applicant may also be required
to produce satisfactory evidence that he has had reasonable flying
experience on each type of flying machine for which the renewal is
desired since the type was entered on the licence. In default of such
evidence as aforesaid the applicant may be required to undergo all or
any part of the practical flying tests and technical examination specified
for the grant or extension of a licence as the Administrator may consider
appropriate in the circumstances of the case.

Extension of Licence
124. An applicant for the extension of the aircraft rating of a
licence to include the flying of an additional type of flying machine, either
as pilot in charge or as second pilot, shall be required to satisfy the
Administrator as to his competence to fly the type of flying machine
concerned. For this purpose the applicant shall be required to satisfy
the requirements as to flying experience, practical flying tests and
technical examination referred to in Regulation 121.

PRIVATE PILOT'S LICENCE (BALLOONS)

Age of Applicant and Period of Licence
125. (1) An applicant for the grant of a private pilot's licence
(balloons) must be not less than 17 years of age.
(2) The period for which a licence may remain in force, following
either the grant or any renewal thereof, shall not exceed two years.
Aircraft Rating
126. A licence shall include an aircraft rating specifying the
types of balloons which, subject to Regulation 127, the holder is entitled
to fly.
Privileges attaching to Licence
127. The licence shall entitle the holder to fly as pilot of any
type of free balloon other than a public transport or aerial work balloon.

Technical requirements for Grant of Licence
Practical Flyinq Tests

128. The applicant shall be required to produce satisfactory
evidence that he has completed the following flights in a balloon, each of
at least two hours' duration-








(a) by day:
6 ascents under instruction;
1 flight in control under supervision;
1 flight alone in the balloon.
(b) by night: 2 flights alone in the balloon.
Technical Examination
129. The applicant shall be required to undergo an examination
as to his knowledge of the following subjects:-
(a) elementary aerostatics;
(b) general knowledge of a balloon and its accessories; inflation;
rigging; management of an ascent; instruments, precautions against
cold and high altitudes;
(c) practical knowledge of aviation law, with particular
reference to the Order and the Regulations issued thereunder, also
knowledge of any information notified with respect to the
responsibilities of a pilot; and
(d) map reading; elementary knowledge of weather in relation
to cross-country flight and the use of the compass in flight:
Provided that
(i) an applicant who has at any time qualified as a pilot
of balloons or airships in any of Her Majesty's air
forces may, at the discretion of the Administrator and
according to the applicant's qualifications and
experience, be exempted from all or any of the ilho\
practical flying tests and from the technical exantiii-
tion, except as regards the examination subjects
specified at (c) and (d) in this paragraph; ,id
(ii) a certificate issued by any body approved for the
purpose may be accepted in lieu of the passing of ihe
above examination if the Administrator is satisfied
that the qualifications required for the issue of such
certificate were at least equivalent to the pa, in;g of
such examination.
Flying Experience for Renewal of Licence
1830. An applicant for the renewal of a licence shall be required to
produce satisfactory evidence that he has had reasonable flying experience
as a pilot of balloons during the two years immediately preccdii g the date
of the application. In default of such evidence he may Ihe requlired'
to undergo all or any part of the practical flying tosts a'd le.hnical
examination specified for the grant of a licence, as the Adininistriator
may consider appropriate in the circumstances of the case.








COMMERCIAL PILOT'S LICENCE (BALLOONS)
Age of Applicant and Period of Licence
131. (1) An applicant for the grant of a commercial pilot's licence
(balloons) must be not less than 19 years of age.

(2) The period for which a licence may remain in force following
either the grant or any renewal thereof shall not exceed two years.
Aircraft Rating
132. A licence shall include an aircraft rating specifying the
typps of balloons which, subject to Regulation 133, the holder is entitled
to fly.
Privileges attaching to Licence
133. The licence shall entitle the holder to fly as pilot of any type
of free balloon, and, subject to the requirements of Article 39 of the
Ord r, any type of captive balloon specified in the aircraft rating included
in the licence.
Technical requirements for Grant of Licence
Flying Experience
134. The applicant shall be required to produce satisfactory
evidence-
(a) that he has had reasonable flying experience as pilot in
charge of balloons during the twelve months immediately preceding
the date of the application; and
(b) that he has completed ten flights as pilot in charge of a
balloon, each of which flights must have been of at least two hours'
duration.
Practical Flying Tests
135. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
138, be required to carry out the practical flying tests specified in Regula-
tion 128 for the grant of a p-ivate pilot's licence (balloons): Provided
that a person who is the holder of such a licence may, at the discretion
of the Administrator, be exempted from this requirement.
Technical Examination
136. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
138, be required to undergo an examination as to his knowledge of the
following subjects:-






83

(a) aerostatics;
(b) physical and chemical properties of light gases and of
materials used in the construction of balloons;
(c) elementary navigation; use of compass; location of position;
(d) general knowledge of a balloon and its accessories; inflation;
stowage; management of an ascent; instruments; precautions against
oold and high altitudes;
(e) practical knowledge of aviation law, with particular reference
to the Order and the Regulations issued thereunder, also knowledge
of any information notified with respect to responsibilities of a pilot;
and
(f) elementary meteorology in relation to-
(i) meteorological elements and observations;
(ii) seasonal variations affecting weather;
(iii) the recognition of weather conditions while flying;
(iv) the interpretation of synoptic charts and the weather
associated with different types of pressure systems;

(v) arrangements for the issue of weather reports and
forecasts for aviation.
Captive Balloons
137. The following additional tests and examination shall, subject
to the provisions of Regulation 138, be required in respect of applications
for licences to include also the flying of captive balloons:-
(1) Practical Flying Tests-The applicant shall produce
satisfactory evidence that he has completed six ascents on
different days in sole control of a captive balloon, and has
carried out satisfactorily the management from the ground
of three ascents and descents of a captive balloon on
different days (which may, however, be days on which some
of the six ascents in sole control have been carried out).

(2) Technical Examination
(a) General knowledge of a captive balloon of the tipe for
which the licence is required; accessories; inflation; rigging; vali e
adjustments; management of an ascent; instruments; and
(b) general knowledge of winches and cables.








Exemption for Military Pilots
138. An applicant who has at any time qualified as a pilot of
balloons or airships in any of Her Majesty's air forces may, at the
discretion of the Administrator and according to the applicant's qualifica-
tions and experience, be exempted from all or any part of the practical
flying tests and technical examination, except as regards the examination
subjects specified at (e) and ( f) in Regulationr 136.
Flyi g Experience for Renewal of Licence
139. An applicant for the renewal of a licence shall be required to
produce satisfactory evidence that he has had reasonable flying experience
as a pilot of balloons during the twelve months immediately preceding
the date of the application. .n default of such evidence the applicant
may be required to undergo all or any part of the practical flying tests
and technical examination specified for the grant of a licence, as the
Administrator may consider appropriate in the circumstances of the case.
AIRSHIP PILOT'S LICENCES
FIRST, SECOND AND THIRD CLASS
Age of Applicant and Period of Licence
140. (1) An applicant for grant of an airship pilot's licence,
first class, second class, or third class, must be not less than 19 years of
age.
(2) The period for which a licence may remain in force, flowing
either the grant or any renewal thereof, shall not exceed the following
periods:-
Third class licence: six months.
Second class licence: twelve months.
First class licence: twelve months.
Aircraft Rating

111. A licence shall include an aircraft rating specifying the types
of airships which, subject to Regulation 142, the holder is entitled to fly.
Privileges attaching to Licence
142. (a) A third class licence shall entitle the holder to fly as
pilot in charge of any airsh ip the capacity of which is less than 200,000
cubic feet.
(b) A second class licence shall entitle the holder to fly as pilot in
charge of any airship the capacity of which is less than 700,000 cubic feet.








(c) A first class licencee shall entitle the holder to fly as pilot in
charge of any airship.
Technical requirements for Grant of Licence

Third Class Licence
143. An applicant for the grant of a third class licence must be
the holder of a balloon pilot's licence, private or commercial, and of a
flight navigator's licence.

Flying Experience and Practical Tests

144. The applicant shall be required to produce satisfactory
evidence that he has had reasonable flying experience as a pilot of airships
during the two years immediately preceding the date of the application,
and that he has completed-

(a) twenty flights (three of which must have been made by
night) in an airship, each flight having been of at least one hour's
duration. On at least four of these flights the applicant must have
handled the airship himself, under the supervision of the person in
command of the airship, including departure and landing, during
the whole flight if the duration thereof did not exceed four hours,
and during at least four hours if the flight was of longer duration;
and
(b) one flight on a predetermined course of at least seventy
miles, terminating with a night landing, and made with a properly
accredited examiner on board.

Technical E vamination
145. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
155, be required to undergo an examination (including practical tests) as
to his knowledge of the following subjects:-
(a) aeiostatics; density of gases, laws of Mariotte and Gay-
Lussac; barometric pressure, Archimedes principle; confinement of
gases;
(b) physical and chemical properties of light gases, and of
materials used in the construction of airships;
(c) general theory of airships;

(d) dynamic properties of moving bodies in air;
(e) elementary knowledge of internal combustion engines; and








(f) inflation; stowage; rigging; handling; controls and
instruments.
Flying Experience for Renewal of Licence
146. An applicant for the renewal of a licence shall be required to
produce satisfactory evidence that he has had reasonable flying experience
as a pilot of airships during the two years immediately preceding the date
of the application. In default of such evidence the applicant may be
required to undergo all or any part of the practical flying tests and
technical examination specified for.the grant of a licence, as the Admin-
istrator may consider appropriate in the circumstances of the case.
Second Class Licence
147. An applicant for the grant of a second class licence must be
the holder of a balloon pilot's licence, private or commercial, and of a
flight navigator's licence,
Flying Experience and Practical Tests
148. The applicant shall be required to produce satisfactory
evidence that he has had reasonable flying experience as a pilot of airships
during the two years immediately preceding the date of the application.
and that he has completed-
(a) at least four months' service on an airship in the capacity
of a pilot holding an airship pilot's licence, third class; and
(b) at least ten flights in the capacity of a pilot holding an
air'hi, pil )t's licence, third class, in an airship of greater capacity than
200,000 cubic feet, on which he handled the airship himself, under
the supervision of the person in command of the airship, including
,dparture and landing, during the whole flight if the duration there-
of did not exceed four hours, and during at least four hours if the
flight was of longer duration.

Technical Examination

149. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
155, be required to undergo an examination (including practical tests) to
demonstrate that he has an advanced knowledge of the examination
subjects specified for a third class licence.
Flying Experience for Renewal of Licence
150. An applicant for the renewal of a licence shall be required
to produce satisfactory evidence that he has had reasonable flying
experience as a pilot of airships during the two years immediately
preceding the date of the application. In default of such evidence the








applicant may be required to undergo all or any part of the practical
flying tests and technical examination specified for the grant of a licence,
as the Administrator may consider appropriate in the circumstances of
the case.
First Class Licence

151. An applicant for the grant of a first class licence must be the
holder of a balloon pilot's licence private or commercial, and of a flight
navigator's licence.

Fying Experience and Practical Tests
152. The applicant shall be required to produce satisfactory
evidence that he has had reasonable flying experience as a pilot of airships
during the tWo years immediately preceding the date of the application
and that he has completed-

(a) at least two months' service in an airship in the capacity of
a pilot holding an airship pilot's licence, second class; and

(b) at least five flights in the capacity of a pilot holding an
airship pilot's licence, second class, in an airship of greater capacity
than 700,000 cubic feet on which he handled the airship himself,
under the supervision of the person in command of the airship,
including departure and landing, during the whole flight if the
duration thereof did not exceed four hours, and during at least four
hours if the flight was of longer duration. Each flight must have
been of at least one hour's duration with a minimum of fifteen
hours for the five flights.

Technical Examination
153. The applicant shall subject to the provisions of Regulation
155, be required to undergo an examination (including practical tests)
to demonstrate that he has an advanced knowledge of the examination
subjects specified for a third class licence.
Flying Experience for Renewal of Licence
154. An applicant for the renewal of a licence shall be required
to produce satisfactory evidence that he has had reasonable flying experience
as a pilot of airships during the two years immediately preceding the
date of the application. In default of such evidence the applicant may
be required to undergo all or any part of the practical flying tests and
technical examination specified for the grant of a licence, as the Adminis-
trator may consider appropriate in the circumstances of the case.








Exemption for Military Pilots
155. An applicant who has at any time qualified as a pilot of
airships in any of Her Majesty's air forces may, at the discretion of
the Administrator and according to the applicant's qualifications and
experience, be exempted from all or any part of the technical requirements
applicable to the class of licence to which the application relates.

COMMERCIAL PILOT'S LICENCE (SOARING GLIDERS)
Age of Applicant and Period of Licence

156. (1) An applicant for the grant of a commercial pilot's
licence (soaring gliders) must be not less than 19 years of age.
(2) The period for which a licence may remain in force, following
either the grant or any renewal thereof, shall not exceed six months.
Aircraft Rating
157. A licence shall include an aircraft rating specifying the types
of gliders which, subject to Regulation 158, the holder is entitled to fly.
Primvieges attaching to Licence

158. The licence shall entitle the holder to fly as pilot in charge
or as second pilot of
(a) any type of glider of which the maximum total weight
authorise;l does not exceed 1,250 lb.; and
(b) any type of glider exceeding the above weight if such type
is specified in the licence.
Technical Requirements for Grant of Licence
Flying Experience
159. The applicant shall be required to produce satisfactory
evidence that he has had at least 50 hours' flying experience (i.e. in free
flight, not towed flight) as pilot in charge of a glider, including 25 winch
launching and 10 completed aero-tow launching, of which not less than
3 hours, including 10 winch launching and 3 completed aero-tow
launching, must have been carried out during the twelve months immedi-
ately preceding the date of the application.

Practical Flying Tests

160. (i) The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regula-
tion 162, be required to undergo the 'following practical tests in a








glider of which the maximum total weight authorised does not exceed
1,250 lb. :-
(a) a free flight of not less than one minute's duration in the
course of which the candidate shall manoeuvre the glider so that its
flight path is in the form of the Letter S ", followed by a normal
landing;
(b) a free flight,, during which height is not, lost over a
continuous period of at least five minutes, followed by a landing
made within 10(i yards of a point fixed beforehand by the
candidate. A barograph chart endorsed by an approved Observer
will be accepted as evidence as an alternative to visual observation
of the flight but not of the landing;
(c) two winch launching; and
(d) two completed aero-tow launching.
(ii) Where the application relates to a glider of which the maximum
total weight authorised exceeds 1,250 lb. the applicant may be required
to undergo such flying tests as the Administrator may consider appro-
priate in the particular case.

(iii) The tests shall be subject to the following conditions:-
(a) the candidate shall be'alone in the glider;
(b) the tests may be carried out-in any order;
(c) the tests shall be carried out within a maximum period of
six months or within such longer period as may be authorised
by the Administrator;
(d) the test shall be witnessed by properly accredited examiners
who shall deposit their reports with the appropriate authorities.
The reports shall give full details of the flights and particularly of
the landings; and
(e) the candidate shall, before each test, furnish the examiners
with proof of his identity.

Technical Examination
161. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
162, be required to undergo an examination as to his practical knowledge of
aviation law, with particular reference to the Order and the Regulations
issued thereunder, also knowledge of any information notified with
respect to the responsibities of a pilot.








Exemptions
162. At the discretion of the Administrator-

(i) an applicant who is the holder of a commercial pilot's
licence (trailing gliders) may be exempted from the
above technical examination;
(ii) an applicant who is the holder of a flying machine
pilot's licence may be exempted from the above
technical examination;
(iii) an applicant who produces satisfactory evidence that
he has at any time been employed as a pilot in any
of 1Her Majesty's air forces may, according to
his qualifications and his experience in respect of
soaring flight, be exempted from the above practical
flying tests; and
(iv) an applicant who holds a British Gliding Association
Gliding Certificate issued within the period of two
years immediately preceding the date of the application
may be exemp ed from the technical examination
referred to in Regulation 161 and from the flying tests
specified at (a) and (b) in paragraph (i) of Regulation
160.
flying Experience for Renewal of Licence
163. An applicant for the renewal of a licence shall be required
to produce satisfactory evidence that he has carried out as pilot in charge
of a glider not less than two hours' flying during the twelve months
immediately preceding the date of the application, or, in default thereof,
to carry out the practical flying tests specified in Regulation 160.
COMMERCIAL PrLOT's LICENCE (TRAILING GLIDERS)

Age of Applicant and Period of Licence
164. (1) Applioant for the grant of a commercial pilot's licence
(trailing gliders) must be not less than 19 years of age.
(2) The period for which a licence may remain in force, following
either the grant or any renewal thereof, shall not exceed six months.
Aircraft Rating
165. A licence shall include an aircraft rating specifying the types
of gliders which, subject to Regulation 166, the holder is entitled to fly.








Privileges attaching to Licence
166. The licence shall entitle the holder to fly as pilot in charge
or as second pilot of any public transport or aerial work glider, of such
type as may be specified in the licence, of which the maximurn total
weight authorised exceeds 1,250 lb.
TecIpical Requirements for Grant of Licence
Flying Experience

167. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
170, be required to produce satisfactory evidence that he has had not less
than 200 hours' flying experience, of which not less than 100 hours must
have been as pilot in charge of gliders or flying machines, including not
le's than W0 hours flying as pilot in charge of a glider, during which the
applicant must have carried out 80 take-offs and 80 landings, five of
which take-offs and landings must have been made by night. Of this
30 hours' flying not less than 10 hours' must have been carried out
during the six months immediately preceding the date of the application:
Provided that, in the case of an applicant who has passed an
ipi)rov(,d course of flying training, the said required nt of 200 hours'
Hying experience may, at the discretion of the Administrator, be reduced
to 150 hours.
Practical Flying Tests
168. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
170 undergo such practical flying tests as the Administrator may require.
Technical Eramination
169. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
170, be required to undergo an examination (including practical tests)
as to his knowledge of the following subjects:-
(a) aviation law;
(b) air navigation;
(c) meteorology;
(d) interpretation of navigational aid identification signals;
(e) theory of flight and aircraft operating limitations;
(f) aircraft equipment and installations;
(g) airframe maintenance.
Exemptions

170. (1) At the discretion of the Administrator-
(i) an applicant who is the holder of a commercial,
senior commercial or airline transport pilot's licence








(flying machines), may, according to his qualifica-
tions, be exempted from all or any part of the
practical flying tests and technical examination
required by Regulations 168 and 169.
(ii) an applicant who produces satisfactory evidence
that he has at any time been employed as a pilot
of gliders in any of Her Majesty's air forces
may, according to his qualifications and expe-
rience, be exempted from all or any of the
above requirements as to flying experience and
practical tests, and from the technical examination,
except as regards the examination subject specified
at (a) in Regulation 169;
(iii) an applicant who does not satisfy the night flying
requirements specified in Regulation 167 or which
may be required under Begulation 168 may be
accepted as eligible for the grant, renewal or
extension of a commercial pilot's licence (trailing
gliders) restricted to flights between sunrise and
sunset within the Colony; and
(2) Any exemption granted in accordance with the provisions of
sub-paragraphs (i) and (ii) of paragraph (1) of this Regulation may
be made conditional upon the satisfactory completion of a special
flying test.
Flying Experience for Renewal of Licence
17 1. Applicant for the renewal of a licence shall be required to
produce satisfactory evidence that he has had reasonable flying
experience as pilot of a glider during the six months immediately
preceding the date of the application. In default thereof he may, at
the discretion of the Administrator, be required to undergo all or any
part of the practical flying te'ts and technical examination specified
for the grant of a licence.
Extension of Licence
172. An Applicant for the extension of a licence to include
the flying of an additional type of glider shall normally be required
to pass practical flying tests and a technical examination on the typo
of glider to which the application relates.
FLIGHT NAVIGATOR'S LICENCE
Age of Applicant and Period of Licence
173. (1) An applicant for the grant of a flight navigator's
licence must be not less than 21 years of age.








(2) The period for which a licence may remain in force, following
either the grant or any renewal thereof, shall not exceed twelve
months.
Privileges attaching to Licence
174. The licence shall entitle the holder to act as flight
navigator in any aircraft.
Technical Requirements for Grant of Licence
Flying Experience
175. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regula-
tion 178, be required to produce satisfactory evidence that he has
(a) carried out in the capacity of flight navigator not less
than 200 hours' cross-country flying, 50 hours of which
must have been carried out during the twelve months immediately
preceding the date of the application, and including not less
than 50 hours' night flying; and
(b) made during flight not less than 25 celestial observations
by day and not less than 25 celestial observations by night and
has applied the results of such observations to the navigation of
the aircraft.
Provided that, at the discretion of the Administrator-
(i) in the case of an applicant who has passed an
approved course of training as a flight navigator,
tlie requirements as to flying experience specified
at (a) above may be reduced to such extent as
the Administrator may think fit;
(ii) in the case of an applicant who has had flying
experience as a pilot of public transport aircraft,
one half of such experience, up to a minimum
of 100 hours, may be reckoned towards the said
requirement of 200 hours' flying.
Technical Examinatwin
176. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of RIegula-
-ion 178, be required to undergo an ex-inination (including practical
:ests) as to his knowledge of the following subjects:-
(a) aviation law, in so far as it affects the responsibilities of
a flight navigator;
(h) air navigation, including the interpretation of naviga-
tional aid identification signals; and








(c) meteorology.
177. The details of the technical examination and the
requirements as to the evidence to be furnished of flying experience
may be obtained on application to the Administrator.
Exemptions
178. At the discretion of the Administrator, an applicant who
has at any time qualified as a flight navigator in any of Her Majesty's
air forces may, according to his qualifications and experience as flight
navigator, be exempted from all or any of the requirements specified
in Regulations 175 and 176.
Renewal of Licence.
179. An applicant for the renewal of a licence shall be required
to produce satisfactory evidence that he has had reasonable experience in
the navigation of aircraft during the twelve months immediately preced-
ing the date of the application. In default thereof the applicant shall,
at the discretion of the Administrator, be required either to-
(a) undergo further training in navigational duties in aircraft
under the supervision of a person who is the holder of a
flight navigator's licence; or
(b) undergo all or any part of the technical examination speci-
fied for the grant of a licence.
FLIGHT ENGINEER'S LICENCE
Age of Applicant and Period of Licence
180. -(1) An applicant for the grant of a flight engineer's
licence must be not less than 21 years of age.
(2) The period for which a licence may remain in force,
following either the grant or any renewal thereof, shall not exceed twelve
months.
Privileges attaching to Licence
181. The licence shall entitle the bolder to act as flight engineer in
any type of aircraft specified in the aircraft rating included in the licence.

Technical Requirements for Grant of Licence
Aeronautical and flying experience
182. The applicant shall, subject to the provisions of Regulation
184, be required to produce satisfactory evidence that he
(a) has had'at least 50 hours' experience in flight engineering
duties on board the type of aircraft to which the aDulica-




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