Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 List of Illustrations
 Down the rabbit-hole
 The pool of tears
 A caucus-race and a long tale
 The rabbit sends in a little...
 Advice from a caterpillar
 Pig and pepper
 A mad tea-party
 The queen's croquet ground
 The mock turtle's story
 The lobster quadrille
 Who stole the tarts?
 Alice's evidence
 Easter greeting to every child...
 Biographical sketch
 Reading list
 Suggestions to teachers
 Back Cover

Title: Alice's adventures in Wonderland
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076831/00001
 Material Information
Title: Alice's adventures in Wonderland
Series Title: Canterbury classics
Alternate Title: Alice in Wonderland
Physical Description: 192 p. : ill. ; 18 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Carroll, Lewis, 1832-1898
Milner, Florence
Cory, Fanny Y ( Illustrator )
Rand McNally and Company ( Publisher )
Publisher: Rand, McNally & Co.
Place of Publication: Chicago ;
New York ;
Publication Date: [c1902]
Subject: Fantasy   ( lcsh )
Fantasy literature -- 1902   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1902
Genre: Fantasy literature   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Statement of Responsibility: by Lewis Carroll pseud. Edited by Florence Milner; illustrated by F. Y. Cory.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076831
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002253954
notis - ALK6344
oclc - 21403980

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Title Page
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Table of Contents
        Page 9
    List of Illustrations
        Page 10
    Down the rabbit-hole
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    The pool of tears
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
    A caucus-race and a long tale
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
    The rabbit sends in a little bill
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
    Advice from a caterpillar
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
    Pig and pepper
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
    A mad tea-party
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
    The queen's croquet ground
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
    The mock turtle's story
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
    The lobster quadrille
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
    Who stole the tarts?
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
    Alice's evidence
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
    Easter greeting to every child who loves "Alice"
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
    Biographical sketch
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
    Reading list
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
    Suggestions to teachers
        Page 191
        Page 192
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text

/ 'Z. AL

The Baldin library
B fl~d4

-- m7,, -

)~lli~_l ~~5~~t~n,


h rA

tl 'JL

Cll.\IZL~C; Lui~wID~i- DODGSON
(Lwi Caroll

in wIonderland

Lewis Carroll

Edited by
Detroit University School, Detroit, Michigan
Illustrated by

Rand, jMIcNalty & Company



New York

Hlice's Hdventures

Copyright, 1902,

HE series of Canterbury Classics aims to bear its share in
acquainting school children with literature suited to their
years. The culture of the imagination is no less impor-
tant than the culture of memory and the reasoning power. That
childhood is poor which has not for friends many of the goodly
company represented by Hector, Achilles, Roland, Sigurd, My
Cid, Don Quixote, Lancelot, Robin Hood, Percy, the Douglas,
Gulliver, Puck, Rip Van Winkle, and Alice in Wonderland.
College class-rooms, where Dante and Spenser, Goethe and
Coleridge are taught, speedily feel the difference between
minds nourished, from babyhood up, on myths of Olympus
and myths of Asgard, Hans Christian Andersen, old ballads,
the "Pilgrim's Progress," the Arabian Nights," the "Alham-
bra," and minds which are still strangers to fairyland and
hero-land and all the dreamlands of the world's inheritance.
Minds of this latter description come almost as barbarians to
the study of poetry, deaf to its music and blind to its visions.
They are in a foreign clime. In the larger college of life, no
less, is felt the lack of an early initiation into literature. A
practical people in a practical age, we need the grace of fable
to balance our fact, the joy of poetry to leaven our prose.
Something of the sort we are bound to have, and if familiarity
in childhood with the classic tone has not armed us against
the cheap, the flimsy, the corrupt in fiction, we fall easy victims
to the trash of the hour. We become the sport of those mock-
ing elves who give dry leaves for gold.
This series must needs conform somewhat, in its choice of
books, to the present demands of the schools. It will furnish
all good reading that is desired, but it aims also to help in
arousing a desire for the more imaginative and inspiring legends

Introduction to the Series

of the Aryan race. In the case of every volume issued the text
of the authoritative edition will be faithfully reproduced.
These texts will be furnished with a modest amount of
apparatus hidden away at the end of the book. It is the
classic that is of importance. Often it may be best to disregard
the notes. The series is addressed to children and aims to
stimulate imagination, broaden sympathy, and awaken a love
for literature. The editors strive to keep these aims in view
and to avoid breaking the charm of the story by irrelevant and
burdensome information. What is told is meant to be what a
child would naturally like to know about the book that pleases
him and the writer of the book. The biographical sketches
emphasize, whenever it is appropriate, the childhood of the
authors treated, and try throughout to give, by concrete illus-
tration, impressions of personality and character. Special sub-
jects sometimes call for special sketches, but, in general, the
editorial work aims at quality rather than quantity. Knowledge
which seems essential to intelligent reading, and which dic-
tionary and teacher cannot reasonably be counted on to supply,
has its place in notes, yet it is not forgotten that the notes exist
for the sake of the literature, not the literature for the sake of
the notes. Parents and librarians will appreciate the reading
lists of books attractive to children, either by the author of the
classic in hand or along the same lines of interest. Certain
teachers, crowded and wearied with a variety of tasks, will
welcome the section of suggestions.
We have ventured to associate this series with the memory
of the sweetest and most childlike spirit in English song,
hoping that little pilgrims of to-day, journeying by April ways,
may find as much cheer in gentle stories as did the poet of the
Canterbury Tales.
Wellesley College.

A I in the golden afternoon
Full leisurely we glide;
For both our oars, with little skill,
By little arms are plied,
While little hands make vain pretense
Our wanderings to guide.

Ah, cruel Three! In such an hour,
Beneath such dreamy weather,
To beg a tale of breath too weak
To stir the tiniest feather !
Yet what can one poor voice avail
Against three tongues together?

Imperious Prima flashes forth
Her edict to begin it" :
In gentler tones Secunda hopes
"There will be nonsense in it!'
While Tertia interrupts the tale
Not more than once a minute.

Anon, to sudden silence won,
In fancy they pursue
The dream-child moving through a land
Of wonders wild and new,
In friendly chat with bird or beast--
And half believe it true.

And ever, as the story drained
The wells of fancy dry,
And faintly strove that weary one
To put the subject by,
" The rest next time-" "It is next time "
The happy voices cry.

Thus grew the tale of Wonderland:
Thus slowly, one by one,
Its quaint events were hammered out-
And now the tale is done,
And home we steer, a merry crew,
Beneath the setting sun.

Alice! A childish story take,
And, with a gentle hand,
Lay it where Childhood's dreams are twined
In Memory's mystic band,
Like pilgrim's wither'd wreath of flowers
Pluck'd in a far-off land.


Introduction to the Series . . .
Dedication . . . .
A List of Illustrations .....


Chapter I.
Chapter II.
Chapter III.
Chapter IV.
Chapter V.
Chapter VI.
Chapter VII.
Chapter VIII.
Chapter IX.
Chapter X.
Chapter XI.
Chapter XII.


An Easter Greeting to Every Child who Loves "Alice" 151

A Biographical Sketch . . .
N otes . . . ..
A Reading List . . . .
Suggestions to Teachers . . .

. 19


LEWIS CARROLL, from a photograph .... Frontispiece

Alice in Wonderland . ... Facing page II

"She stretched herself up on tzitoe, and peeped over the
edge" . . . 5

" There's no sort of use in knocking,' said the Footman" 65

"The Cat vanished quite slowly, ending with the grin 79

"It would look up in her face with such a puzzled
expression" ... .......... .97

"It's all her fancy, that: they never executes nobody,
you know"......... ....... o9

"The judge was the King" . . .. .129

" With a teacup in one hand and a piece of bread-and-
butter in the other" . . .131

" 'Shan't,' said the cook". . . .137

Mrs. Dodgson, Lewis Carroll's mother .... 154

One of Lewis Carroll's drawings to "Father William" 159

One of Lewis Carroll's drawings to "Father William" 163



Lady dear, if Fairies may
/or a moment lay aside
Cunning tricks and elfish play,
'Tis at happy Christmnas-tide.
We have heard the children say-
Gentle children, 'ohom we love-
Long ago, on Christmas Dao;,
Came a message f)iom above.
Still as Christas-lide comes round,
They renemember it again-
Echo still the joyful sound,
"Peace on earth, good-uill to men /"
Yet the hearts must childlike be
IIWhere such heavenly guess abide;
Unto children, in their glee,
All the year is Christmas-tide!
Thus, forgel/ing tricks and play
bar a moment, Lady dear,
We would wish you, if we may,
Merry Christmas, glad New Year!

Christmas, 1867.

-r --,,

The Duchess, the liatt/er, the Ca/, the Rabb'is, the lMouse, the TurIle,
anid /he Knave






LICE was beginning to get very
.i tired of sitting by her sister on the
bank, and of having nothing to do:
once or twice she had peeped into
the book her sister was reading,'
but it had no pictures or conver-o1
stations in it, "and what is
Sthe use of a book," thought
Alice, "without pictures or
So she was considering, is
in her own mind (as well as she could, for the
hot day made her feel very sleepy and stupid),
whether the pleasure of making a daisy-chain
would be worth the trouble of gettingup and
picking the daisies, when suddenly a White Rab-so
bit with pink eyes ran close by her.
There was nothing so very remarkable in that;
nor did Alice think it so very much out of the

12 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

way to hear the Rabbit say to itself, Oh dear!
25 Oh dear! I shall be too late !" (when she thought
it over afterwards, it occurred to her that she
ought to have wondered at this, but at the time
it all seemed quite natural); but, when the Rabbit
actually took a watch out of his waistcoat-pocket, and
o0 looked at it, and then hurried on, Alice started to
her feet, for it flashed across her mind that she
had never before seen a rabbit with either a
waistcoat-pocket, or a watch to take out of it, and,
burning with curiosity, she ran across the field
3a after it, and was just in time to see it pop down
a large rabbit-hole under the hedge.
In another moment down went Alice after it,
never once considering how in the world she
was to get out again.
40 The rabbit-hole went straight on like a tunnel
for some way, and then dipped suddenly down,
so suddenly that Alice had not a moment to think
about stopping herself before she found herself
falling down what seemed to be a very deep
45 well.
Either the well was very deep, or she fell very
slowly, for she had plenty of time as she went
down to look about her, and to wonder what was
going to happen next. First, she tried to look
so down and make out what she was coming to, but
it was too dark to see anything: then she looked
at the sides of the well, and noticed that they
were filled with cupboards and book-shelves:
here and there she saw maps and pictures hung

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

upon pegs. She took down a jar from one of the 55
shelves as she passed: it was labeled "ORANGE
MARMALADE," but to her great disappoint-
ment it was empty: she did not like to drop the
jar, for fear of killing somebody underneath, so
managed to put it into one of the cupboards as o
she fell past it.
"Well!" thought Alice to herself. "After
such a fall as this, I shall think nothing of
tumbling down-stairs! How brave they'll all
think me at home! Why, I wouldn't say any-65
thing about it, even if I fell off the top of the
house! (Which was very likely true.)
Down, down, down. Would the fall never
come to an end? "I wonder how many miles
I've fallen by this time?" she said aloud. "I 7o
must be getting somewhere near the center of
the earth. Let me see: that would be four
thousand miles down, I think--" (for, you see,
Alice had learnt several things of this sort in her
lessons in the schoolroom, and though this was ts
not a very good opportunity for showing off her
knowledge, as there was no one to listen to her,
still it was good practice to say it over) "-yes,
that's about the right distance-but then I won-
der what latitude or longitude I've got to?"so
(Alice had not the slightest idea what latitude
was, or longitude either, but she thought they
were nice grand words to say.)
Presently she began again. "I wonder if I
shall fall right through the earth! How funnyss

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"She tried to curtsey as she spoke

it'll seem to come out
among the people that
walk with their heads
downwards! The antip-
athies, I think-" (she
was rather glad there
was no one listening this
time, as it didn't sound
at all the right word)
"-but I shall have to
ask them what the name
of the country is, you
know. Please, Ma'am, is
this New Zealand? Or
Australia?" (and she
tried to curtsey as she
spoke--fancy, curtseying
as you're falling through
the air! Do you think
you could manage it?)
"And what an ignorant
little girl she'll think me
for asking! No, it'll
never do to ask: per-
haps I shall see it written
up somewhere."
Down, down, down.
There was nothing else
to do, so Alice soon began
talking again. "Dinah'll
miss me very much to-

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

night, I should think!" (Dinah was the cat.)
"I hope they'll remember her saucer of milk
at tea-time. Dinah, my dear! I wish you were
down here with me! There are no mice in 0
the air, I'm afraid, but you might catch a bat,
and that's very like a mouse, you know. But
do cats eat bats, I wonder?" And here Alice
began to get rather sleepy, and went on saying
to herself, in a dreamy sort of way, "Do cats 12
eat bats? Do cats eat bats?" and sometimes,
"Do bats eat cats?" for, you see, as she
couldn't answer either question, it didn't much
matter which way she put it. She felt that she
was dozing off, and had just begun to dream1so
that she was walking hand in hand with Dinah,
and was saying to her, very earnestly, "Now,
Dinah, tell me the truth: did you ever eat a
bat?" when suddenly, thump thump! down she
came upon a heap of sticks and dry leaves, and is
the fall was over.
Alice was not a bit hurt, and she jumped up
on to her feet in a moment: she looked up, but it
was all dark overhead: before her was another
long passage, and the White Rabbit was still 4o
in sight, hurrying down it. There was not a
moment to be lost: away went Alice like the
wind, and was just in time to hear it say, as it
turned a corner, "Oh my ears and whiskers, how
late it's getting! She was close behind it when m1
she turned the corner, but the Rabbit was no
longer to be seen: she found herself in a long,

16 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

low hall, which was lit up by a row of lamps
hanging from the roof.
150 There were doors all round the hall, but they
were all locked; and when Alice had been all
the way down one side and up the other, trying
every door, she walked sadly down the middle,
wondering how she was ever to get out again.
15 Suddenly she came upon a little three-legged
table, all made of solid glass: there was nothing
on it but a tiny golden key, and Alice's first idea
was that this might belong to one of the doors
of the hall; but, alas! either the locks were too
1o large, or the key was too small, but at any rate it
would not open any of them. However, on the
second time round, she came upon a low curtain
she had not noticed before, and behind it was a
little door about fifteen inches high: she tried
165 the little golden key in the lock, and to her great
delight it fitted!
Alice opened the door and found that it led
into a small passage, not much larger than a rat-
hole: she knelt down and looked along the
17opassage into the loveliest garden you ever saw.
How she longed to get out of that dark hall, and
wander about among those beds of bright flowers
and those cool fountains, but she could not even
get her head through the doorway; "and even
175if my head would go through," thought poor
Alice, "it would be of very little use without my
shoulders. Oh, how I wish I could shut up like
a telescope! I think I could, if I only knew how

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

to begin." For, you see, so many out-of-the-way
things had happened lately, that Alice had begun iso
to think that very few things indeed were really
There seemed to be no use in waiting by the
little door, so she went back to the table, half
hoping she might find another key on it, or at s85
any rate a book of rules for shutting people up
like telescopes: this time she found a little bottle
on it ("which certainly was not here before," said
Alice), and, tied round the neck of the bottle was
a paper label, with the words "DRINK ME"i9o
beautifully printed on it in large letters.
It was all very well to say "Drink me," but
the wise little Alice was not going to do that in a
hurry. "No, I'll look first," she said, "and see
whether it's marked 'poison' or not; for she had 195
read several nice little stories about children who
had got burnt, and eaten up by wild beasts, and
other unpleasant things, all because they would
not remember the simple rules their friends
had taught them: such as, that a red-hot poker 2
will burn you if you hold it too long; and that, if
you cut your finger very deeply with a knife, it
usually bleeds; and she had never forgotten that,
if you drink much from a bottle marked "poison,"
it is almost certain to disagree with you, sooner 20
or later.
However, this bottle was not marked "poison,"
so Alice ventured to taste it, and, finding it very
nice (it had, in fact, a sort of mixed flavor of

18 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

210 cherry-tart, custard, pineapple, roast turkey, toffy,
and hot buttered toast), she very soon finished
it off.

"What a curious feeling!" said Alice. "I
must be shutting up like a telescope!"
And so it was indeed: she was now only ten
inches high, and her face brightened up at the
20 thought that she was now the right size for going
through the little door into that lovely garden.
First, however, she waited for a few minutes to
see if she was going to shrink any further: she
felt a little nervous about this; for it might end,
25 you know," said Alice to herself, "in my going
out altogether, like a candle. I wonder what I
should be like then?" And she tried to fancy
what the flame of a candle looks like after the
candle is blown out, for she could not remember
2=0 ever having seen such a thing.
After a while, finding that nothing more hap-
pened, she decided on going into the garden at
once; but, alas for poor Alice! when she got to
the door, she found she had forgotten the little
25 golden key, and when she went back to the table
for it, she found she could not possibly reach it:
she could see it quite plainly through the glass,
and she tried her best to climb up one of the legs
of the table, but it was too slippery; and when

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

she had tired herself out with trying, the poor o,
little thing sat down and cried.
"Come, there's no use in crying like that!"
said Alice to herself rather sharply. "I advise
you to leave off this minute! She generally gave
herself very good advice (though she very seldom 2
followed it), and sometimes she scolded herself

"The poor little thing sat down and cried"
so severely as.to bring tears into her eyes; and
once she remembered trying to box her own ears
for having cheated herself in a game of croquet
she was playing against herself, for this curious 25
child was very fond of pretending to be two
people. "But it's no use now," thought poor
:Alice, "to pretend to be two people! Why, there's
! hardly enough of me left to make one respectable
Person! 255

20 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Soon her eye fell on a little glass box that was
lying under the table: she opened it and found in
it a very small cake, on which the words "EAT
ME" were beautifully marked in currants. "Well,
so I'll eat it," said Alice, "and if it makes me grow
larger, I can reach the key; and if it makes me
grow smaller, I can creep under the door: so
either way I'll get into the garden, and I don't
care which happens! "
265 She ate a little bit, and said anxiously to her-
self, "Which way? Which way?" holding her
hand on the top of her head to feel which way it
was growing; and she was quite surprised to find
that she remained the same size. To be sure,
270this is what generally happens when one eats
cake; but Alice had got so much into the way of
expecting nothing but out-of-the-way things to
happen, that it seemed quite dull and stupid for
life to go on in the common way.
5s So she set to work, and very soon finished off
the cake.

-g- 3"-



"C URIOUSER and curiouser!" cried Alice
(she was so much surprised, that for the
moment she quite forgot how to speak good
English). Now I'm opening out like the largest as
telescope that ever was! Good-by, feet!" (for when
she looked down at her feet, they seemed to be
almost out of sight, they were getting so far off).
" Oh, my poor little feet, I wonder who will put on
your shoes and stockings for you now, dears? I'm 2
sure I shan't be able! I shall be a great deal too
far off to trouble myself about you: you must man-
age the best way you can-but I must be kind to
them," thought Alice, "or perhaps they won't walk
the way I want to go! Let me see. I'll give them 29
a new pair of boots every Christmas."
And she went on planning to herself how she
would manage it. "They must go by the carrier,"
she thought; "and how funny it'll seem, sending
presents to one's own feet! And how odd the s
directions will look!
Alice's Right Foot, Esq.,
near the Fender,
(with Alice's love). a
SOh dear, what nonsense I'm talking! "

22 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Just at this moment her head struck against
the roof of the hall: in fact she was now rather
more than nine feet high, and she at once took
10 up the little golden key and hurried off to the
garden door.
Poor Alice! It was as much as she could do,
lying down on one side, to look through into the
garden with one eye; but to get through was more
s15 hopeless than ever: she sat down and began to
cry again.
"You ought to be ashamed of yourself," said
Alice, a great girl like you," (she might well say
this), "to go on crying in this way! Stop this
asmoment, I tell you!" But she went on all the
same, shedding gallons of tears, until there was a
large pool all round her, about four inches deep,
and reaching half down the hall.
After a time she heard a little pattering of
as feet in the distance, and she hastily dried her
eyes to see what was coming. It was the White
Rabbit returning, splendidly dressed, with a pair
of white kid-gloves in one hand and a large
fan in the other: he came trotting along in a
so great hurry, muttering to himself, as he came,
"Oh! The Duchess, the Duchess! Oh! Won't
she be savage if I've kept her waiting! Alice
felt so desperate that she was ready to ask help
of any one: so, when the Rabbit came near
ss her, she began in a low, timid voice, "If you
please, Sir-- The Rabbit started violently,
dropped the white kid-gloves and the fan, and

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

skurried away into the darkness as hard as he
could go.
Alice took up the fan and gloves, and, as the so
hall was very hot, she kept fanning herself all the
time she went on talking. "Dear, dear! How
queer everything is to-day! And yesterday
things went on just as usual. I wonder if I've

S "The Rabbit dropped the white kid-gloves and the fan "
Been changed in the night ? Let me think: was I
: the same when I got up this morning? I almost
think I can remember feeling a little different.
But if I'm not the same, the next question is,
' Who in the world am I?' Ah, that's the great
puzzle!" And she began thinking over all the so
children she knew that were of the same age as

24 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

herself, to see if she could have been changed
for any of them.
"I'm sure I'm not Ada," she said, "for her
55 hair goes in such long ringlets, and mine doesn't
go in ringlets at all; and I'm sure I can't be
Mabel, for I know all sorts of things, and she, oh,
she knows such a very little! Besides, she's she,
and I'm I, and oh dear, how puzzling it all is!
so I'll try if I know all the things I used to know.
Let me see: four times five is twelve, and four
times six is thirteen, and four times seven is-
oh dear! I shall never get to twenty at that rate!
However, the Multiplication-Table doesn't sig-
s65 nify: let's try Geography. London is the capital
of Paris, and Paris is the capital of Rome, and
Rome no, that's all wrong, I'm certain! I must
have been changed for Mabel! I'll try and say
'How doth the little-'," and she crossed her hands
370 on her lap, as if she were saying lessons, and
began to repeat it, but her voice sounded hoarse
and strange, and the words did not come the
same as they used to do: -
"How doth the little crocodile
37s Improve his shining tail,
And pour the waters of the Nile
On every golden scale !

"How cheerfully he seems to grin,
How neatly spreads his claws,
3so And welcomes little fishes in,
With gently smiling jaws "

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

I'm sure those are not the right words," said
poor Alice, and her eyes filled with tears again as
she went on, "I must be Mabel after all, and I
' shall have to go and live in that poky little house, as
and have next to no toys to play with, and oh,
ever so many lessons to learn! No, I've made
up my mind about it: if I'm Mabel, I'll stay
down here! It'll be no use their putting their
heads down and saying, 'Come up again, dear!' 390
I shall only look up and say, 'Who am I, then?
Tell me that first, and then, if I like being that
person, I'll come up: if not, I'll stay down here
till I'm somebody else'- but, oh dear! cried
Alice, with a sudden burst of tears, "I do wish a95
they would put their heads down! I am so very
tired of being all alone here!"
As she said this she looked down at her hands,
and was surprised to see that she had put on
one of the Rabbit's little white kid-gloves while oo
she was talking. "How can I have done that?"
she thought. "I must be growing small again."
She got up and went to the table to measure
herself by it, and found that, as nearly as she
could guess, she was now about two feet high, 40
and was going on shrinking rapidly: she soon
Found out that the cause of this was the fan she
was holding, and she dropped it hastily, just
in time to save herself from shrinking away
altogether. 410
"That was a narrow escape!" said Alice, a
good deal frightened at the sudden change, but

26 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

very glad to find herself still in existence. "And
now for the garden!" And she ran with all
415speed back to the little door; but, alas! the
little door was shut again, and the little golden
key was lying on the glass table as before,
"and things are worse than ever," thought the
poor child, "for I never was so small as this
0o before, never! And I declare it's too bad, that
it is!"
As she said these words her foot slipped, and
in another moment, splash! she was up to her
chin in salt-water. Her first idea was that she
4s had somehow fallen into the sea, "and in that
case I can go back by railway," she said to her-
self. (Alice had been to the seaside once in her
life, and had come to the general conclusion that,
wherever you go to on the English coast, you find
4soa number of bathing-machines in the sea, some
children digging in the sand with wooden spades,
then a row of lodging houses, and behind them
a railway-station.) However, she soon made out
that she was in the pool of tears which she had
4s5 wept when she was nine feet high.
"I wish I hadn't cried so much!" said Alice,
as she swam about, trying to find her way out. I
shall be punished for it now, I suppose, by being
drowned in my own tears! That will be a queer
4 thing, to be sure However, everything is queer
Just then she heard something splashing about
in the pool a little way off, and she swam nearer

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

i to make out what it was: at first she thought it
must be a walrus or hippopotamus, but then she 445
Remembered how small she was now, and she soon
made out that it was only a mouse, that had slipped
Sin like herself.
:" Would it be of any use, now," thought Alice,
"to speak to this mouse? Everything is so out-4so
of-the-way down here, that I should think very
likely it can talk: at any rate there's no harm
in trying." So she began: "O Mouse, do you
know the way out of this pool? I am very tired
of swimming about here, 0 Mouse!" (Alice as
thought this must be the right way of speaking
to a mouse: she had never done such a thing
before, but she remembered having seen, in her
brother's Latin Grammar, "A mouse-of a mouse
-to a mouse-a mouse-O mouse!") The400
mouse looked at her rather inquisitively, and
seemed to her to wink with one of its little eyes,
but said nothing.
"Perhaps it doesn't understand English,"
thought Alice. "I daresay it's a French mouse, 465
come over with William the Conqueror." (For,
with all her knowledge of history, Alice had no
very clear notion how long ago anything had
happened.) So she began again: Oh est ma
chatte?" which was the first sentence in her 40
French lesson-book. The Mouse gave a sudden
leap out of the water, and seemed to quiver all
over with fright. "Oh, I beg your pardon!"
cried Alice hastily, afraid that she had hurt the

28 Alice's Adventures in W"Vonderland

475 poor animal's feelings. I quite forgot you didn't
like cats."
"Not like cats!" cried the Mouse in a shrill,
passionate voice. "Would you like cats, if you
were me ?"
480 "Well, perhaps not," said Alice in a soothing
tone: "don't be angry about it. And yet I wish I
could show you our cat Dinah. I think you'd take
a fancy to cats if you could only see her. She is
such a dear quiet thing," Alice went on, half to
45 herself, as she swam lazily about in the pool, and
sits purring so nicely by the fire,
licking her paws and washing her
face-and she is such a nice soft
thing to nurse-and she's such
a capital one for catching mice
-- oh, I beg your pardon!"
cried Alice again, for this time
the Mouse was
bristling all over,
and she felt cer-
tain it must be
really offended.
i;" We won't talk
about her any
more, if you'd
rather not."
"We, indeed!"
2 cried the Mouse,
who was tremb-
ling down to the
"Would you like cats if you were me?"

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

end of its tail. "As if I would talk on such a sub-
ject! Our family always hated cats: nasty, low, vul-
gar things! Don't let me hear the name again!"
"I won't indeed! said Alice, in a great hurry
to change the subject of conversation. "Are youso
-are you fond--of--of dogs? The Mouse did
not answer, so Alice went on eagerly: "There is
such a nice little dog, near our house, I should
like to show you! A little bright-eyed terrier,
you know, with oh, such long curly brown hair! 15
And it'll fetch things when you throw them, and
it'll sit up and beg for its dinner, and all sorts of
things I can't remember half of them and it
belongs to a farmer, you know, and he says it's
so useful, it's worth a hundred pounds! He says52o
it kills all the rats and-oh dear!" cried Alice in
a sorrowful tone. "I'm afraid I've offended it
again!" For the Mouse was swimming away
from her as hard as it could go, and making quite
a commotion in the pool as it went. 52
So she called softly after it, "Mouse dear! Do
come back again, and we won't talk about cats,
or dogs either, if you don't like them!" When
the Mouse heard this, it turned round and swam
slowly back to her: its face was quite pale (with 5so
passion, Alice thought), and it said in a low
trembling voice, "Let us get to the shore, and
then I'll tell you my history, and you'll under-
stand why it is I hate cats and dogs."
It was high time to go, for the pool was get-as
ting quite crowded with the birds and animals

30 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

that had fallen into it: there was a Duck and a
Dodo, a Lory and an Eaglet, and several other
curious creatures. Alice led the way, and the
54 whole party swam to the shore.

"Alice led the way"



T H EY were indeed a queer-looking party that
assembled on the bank-the birds with
draggled feathers, the animals with their s5
*fur clinging close to them, and all dripping wet,
cross, and uncomfortable.
The first question of course was, how to get dry
again: they had a consultation about this, and
after a few minutes it seemed quite natural to550
iAlice to find herself talking familiarly with them,
as if she had known them all her life. Indeed,
Sshe had quite a long argument with the Lory, who
,iat last turned sulky, and would only say, "I'm older
than you, and must know better." And this Alice 55
would not allow, without knowing how old it was,
and, as the Lory positively refused to tell its age,
there was no more to be said.
At last the Mouse, who seemed to be a person
of some authority among them, called out, "Sit56
'down, all of you, and listen to me! I'llsoon make
you dry enough!" They all sat down at once, in
a large ring, with the Mouse in the middle. Alice
kept her eyes anxiously fixed on it, for she felt
Assure she would catch a bad cold if she did not getses
, dry very soon.
[X I J

32 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"Ahem!" said the Mouse with an important air.
"Are you all ready? This is the driest thing I
know. Silence all round, if you please! William
5o the Conqueror, whose cause was favored by the
pope, was soon submitted to by the English, who
wanted leaders, and had been of late much accus-
tomed to usurpation and conquest. Edwin and
Morcar, the earls of Mercia and Northumbria- '"
575 "Ugh!" said the Lory, with a shiver.
"I beg your pardon! said the Mouse, frown
ing, but very politely. "Did you speak ?"
Not I! said the Lory, hastily.
"I thought you did," said the Mouse. "I pro.
so ceed. 'Edwin and Morcar, the earls of Mercia
and Northumbria, declared for him; and even
Stigand, the patriotic archbishop of Canterbury,
found it advisable- '"
"Found what?" said the Duck.
8as "Found it," the Mouse replied rather crossly:
"of course you know what 'it' means."
I know what 'it' means well enough when 1
find a thing," said the Duck: "it's generally a
frog or a worm. The question is, what did the
5n archbishop find?"
The Mouse did not notice this question, but
hurriedly went on, "'-found it advisable to go
with Edgar Atheling to meet William and offer
him the crown. William's conduct at first was
595 moderate. But the insolence of his Normans-
How are you getting on now, my dear?" it con-
tinued, turning to Alice as it spoke.

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"As wet as ever," said Alice in a melancholy
tone: "it doesn't seem to dry me at all."
S"In that case," said the Dodo solemnly, rising oo
to its feet, "I move that the meeting adjourn, for
the immediate adoption of more energetic reme-
dies -"
Speak English!" said the Eaglet. "I don't
know the meaning of half
those long words, and, what's
more, I don't believe you do
either!" And the Eaglet t
bent down its head to hide
a smile: some of the other a
birds tittered audibly.
"What I was going to
say," said the Dodo in an
offended tone, "was, that
the best thing to get us dry
would be a Caucus-race."
What is a Caucus-race ? "
said Alice; not that she Watwas goi tosay,
much wanted to know, but said the Dodo"
the Dodo had paused as if it thought that somebody 62
ought to speak, and no one else seemed inclined
to say anything.
"Why," said the Dodo, "the best way to
explain it is to do it." (And as you might like to
try the thing yourself, some winter-day, I will tell 625
you how the Dodo managed it.)
First it marked out a race-course, in a sort of
circle (" the exact shape doesn't matter," it said,)

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

and then all the party were placed along the
uso course, here and there. There was no One, two,
three, and away !" but they began running when
they liked, and left off when they liked, so that it
was not easy to know when the race was over.
However, when they had been running half an
6~ hour or so, and were quite dry again, the Dodo
suddenly called out, The race is over! and they
all crowded round it, panting, and asking, "But
who has won ?"
This question the Dodo could not answer with-
o0 out a great deal of thought, and it stood for a long
time with one finger pressed upon its forehead
(the position in which you usually see Shake-
speare, in the pictures of him), while the rest
waited in silence. At last the Dodo said, "Every-
64s body has won, and all must have prizes."
But who is to give the prizes ?" quite a chorus
of voices asked.
"Why, she, of course," said the Dodo, pointing
to Alice with one finger; and the whole party at
~50 once crowded round her, calling out, in a confused
way, "Prizes! Prizes!"
Alice had no idea what to do, and in despair
she put her hand in her pocket, and pulled out a
box of comfits (luckily the salt water had not got
65s into it), and handed them round as prizes. There
was exactly one apiece, all round.
But she must have a prize herself, you know,"
said the Mouse.
"Of course," the Dodo replied very gravely.

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

*"What else have you got in your pocket?" it s
went on, turning to Alice.
Only a thimble," said Alice sadly.
'" Hand it over here," said the Dodo.
Then they all crowded round her once more,
while the Dodo solemnly presented the thimble, ms
.saying, We beg your acceptance of this elegant
thimble;" and when it had finished this short
speech, they all cheered.
Alice thought the whole thing very absurd,
but they all looked so grave that she did not dare 67o
to laugh; and, as she could not think of anything
to say, she simply bowed, and took the thimble,
looking as solemn as she could.
The next thing was to eat the comfits: this
caused some noise and confusion, as the large675
birds complained that they could not taste theirs,
and the small ones choked and had to be patted
on the back. However, it was over at last, and
they sat down again in a ring, and begged the
Mouse to tell them something more. eso
"You promised to tell me your history, you
know," said Alice, "and why it is you hate-C
and D," she added in a whisper, half afraid that
it would be offended again.
"Mine is a long and a sad tale!" said the ss
Mouse, turning to Alice, and sighing.
"It is a long tail, certainly," said Alice,
looking down with wonder at the Mouse's tail;
"but why do you call it sad ?" And she kept on
puzzling about it while the Mouse was speaking, 690

36 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

so that her idea of the tale was something like

this:- Fury said to

a mouse, That
he met in the
house, Let
us both go
to law: I
will prose-
cute you.-
Come, I'll
take no de-
nial: We
must have
the trial;
For really
this morn-
ing I've
to do.'
Said the
mouse to
the cur,
'Such a
trial, dear
sir, With
no jury
or judge,
be wast-
ing our
'I'll be
I'll be
d -
you to

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

You are not attending!" said the Mouse to
Alice. severely. "What are you thinking of?"
,' I beg your pardon," said Alice very humbly:
': you had got to the fifth bend, I think?"
I had not!" cried the Mouse, sharply and 45
very angrily.

"'I hIad not,' cried the Mouse, sharply"

"A knot!" said Alice, always ready to make
heri-elf useful, and looking anxiously about her.
" Oh, do let me help to undo it!"
I shall do nothing of the sort," said the Mouse, 750
:getting up and walking away. "You insult me
by talking such nonsense!"
I didn't mean it !" pleaded poor Alice. But
you're so easily offended, you know!"

38 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
75s The Mouse only growled in reply.
"Please come back, and finish your story!"
Alice called after it. And the others all joined
in chorus, Yes, please do! But the Mouse only
shook its head impatiently, and walked a little
76o quicker.
"What a pity it wouldn't stay!" sighed the
Lory, as soon as it was quite out of sight. And an
old Crab took the opportunity of saying to her
daughter, "Ah, my dear! Let this be a lesson to
765 you never to lose your temper!" "Hold your
tongue, Ma !" said the young Crab, a little snap.
pishly. You're enough to try the patience of an
"I wish I had our Dinah here, I know I do!"
70 said Alice aloud, addressing nobody in particular.
She'd soon fetch it back!"
"And who is Dinah, if I might venture to ask
the question?" said the Lory.
Alice replied eagerly, for she was always ready
75 to talk about her pet: "Dinah's our cat. And
she's such a capital one for catching mice, you
can't think!, And oh, I wish you could see her
after the birds! Why, she'll eat a little bird as
soon as look at it! "
780 This speech caused a remarkable sensation
among the party. Some of the birds hurried off
at once: one old Magpie began wrapping itself
up very carefully, remarking, "I really must be
getting home: the night-air doesn't suit my
m throat!" And a Canary called out in a trembling

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

voice, to its children, Come away, my dears! It's
'high time you were all in bed! On various pre-
texts they all moved off, and Alice was soon left
.. I wish I hadn't mentioned Dinah! she saidgo
to herself in a melancholy tone. Nobody seems

"I really must be getting home"

to like her, down here, and I'm sure she's the best
cat in the world! Oh, my dear Dinah! I wonder
,if I shall ever see you any more!" And here
poor Alice began to cry again, for she felt very 79
lonely and low-spirited. In a little while, how-
ever, she again heard a little pattering of foot-
,steps in the distance, and she looked up eagerly,
half hoping that the Mouse had changed his mind,
and was coming back to finish his story. so



T was the White Rabbit, trotting slowly back
again, and looking anxiously about as it
sO5 went, as if it had lost something; and she
heard it muttering to itself, The Duchess! The
Duchess! Oh my dear paws! Oh my fur and
whiskers! She'll get me executed as sure as
ferrets are ferrets! Where can I have dropped
8o0 them, I wonder?" Alice guessed in a moment
that it was looking for the fan and the pair of
white kid-gloves, and she very good-naturedly
began hunting about for them, but they were
nowhere to be seen -everything seemed to have
si changed since her swim in the pool; and the
great hall, with the glass table and the little
door, had vanished completely.
Very soon the Rabbit noticed Alice, as she
went hunting about, and called out to her in an
s82angry tone, "Why, Mary Ann, what are you
doing out here? Run home this moment, and
fetch me a pair of gloves and a fan! Quick,
now!" And Alice was so much frightened that
she ran off at once in the direction it pointed to,
as without trying to explain the mistake that it had

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

He took me for his housemaid," she said to
herself as she ran. "How surprised he'll be
when he finds out who I am! But I'd better
take him his fan and gloves--that is, if I cans 0
find them." As she said this, she came upon a
neat little house on the door of which was a
bright brass plate with the name W. RABBIT "
engraved upon it. She went in without knock-
ing, and hurried upstairs, in great fear lest she s
should meet the real Mary Ann, and be turned
out of the house before she had found the fan
and gloves.
"How queer it seems," Alice said to herself,
"to be going messages for a rabbit! I suppose 8o
Dinah'll be sending me on messages next! And
she began fancying the sort of thing that would
happen: "' Miss Alice! Come here directly, and
get ready for your walk!' Coming in a minute,
nurse! But I've got to watch this mouse-hole till s5
Dinah comes back, and see that the mouse doesn't
get out.' Only I don't think," Alice went on, "that
they'd let Dinah stop in the house if it began
ordering people about like that!"
By this time she had found her way into a tidy so
little room with a table in the window, and on it
(as she had hoped) a fan and two or three pairs of
tiny white kid-gloves: she took up the fan and a
pair of the gloves, and was just going to leave the
room, when her eye fell upon a little bottle that s
stood near the looking-glass. There was no label
this time with the words "DRINK ME," but

42 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
nevertheless she uncorked it and put it to her
lips. "I know something interesting is sure to
86 happen," she said to herself, "whenever I eat or
drink anything: so I'll just see what this bottle
does. I do hope it'll make me grow large again,
for really I'm quite tired of being such a tiny little
thing !"
ss It did so indeed, and much sooner than she
had expected: before she had drunk half the
bottle, she found her head pressing against the
ceiling, and had to stoop to save her neck from
being broken. She hastily put down the bottle,
870 saying to herself, "That's quite enough-I hope I
shan't grow any more -As it is, I can't get out
at the door -I do wish I hadn't drunk quite so
Alas! It was too late to wish that! She went
875 on growing, and growing, and very soon had to
kneel down on the floor: in another minute there
was not even room for this, and she tried the
effect of lying down with one elbow against the
door, and the other arm curled round her head.
aso Still she went on growing, and, as a last resource,
she put one arm out of the window, and one foot
up the chimney, and said to herself, "Now I can
do no more, whatever happens. What will be-
come of me ?"
885 Luckily for Alice, the little magic bottle had
now had its full effect, and she grew no larger:
still it was very uncomfortable, and, as there
seemed to be no sort of chance of her ever

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

getting out of the room again, no wonder she felt
unhappy. s8w
"It was much pleasanter at home," thought
poor Alice, "when one wasn't always growing
larger and smaller, and being ordered about by
mice and rabbits. I almost wish I hadn't gone
down that rabbit-hole-and yet-and yet-it'ss8s
rather curious, you know, this sort of life! I
do wonder what can have happened to me!
When I used to read fairy tales, I fancied that
kind of thing never happened, and now here I
am in the middle of one! There ought to be a 9oo
book written about me, that there ought! And
when I grow up, I'll write one-but I'm grown
up now," she added in a sorrowful tone: "at least
there's no room to grow up any more here."
"But then," thought Alice, "shall I never get os
any older than I am now? That'll be a comfort,
one way- never to be an old woman but then
--always to have lessons to learn! Oh, I
shouldn't like that! "
"Oh, you foolish Alice!" she answered her-s1o
self. How can you learn lessons in here ? Why,
there's hardly room for you, and no room at all
for any lesson-books !"
And so she went on, taking first one side and
then the other, and making quite a conversation w95
of it altogether; but after a few minutes she
heard a voice outside, and stopped to listen.
"Mary Ann! Mary Ann!" said the voice.
"Fetch me my gloves this moment! Then came

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

m0 a little pattering of feet on the stairs. Alice
knew it was the Rabbit coming to look for her,
and she trembled till she shook the house, quite
forgetting that she was now about a thousand
times as large as the Rabbit, and had no reason
9s to be afraid of it.
Presently the Rabbit came up to the door, and
tried to open it; but, as the door opened inwards,
and Alice's elbow was pressed hard against it,
that attempt proved a failure. Alice heard it say
so to itself, "Then I'll go round and get in at the
"That you won't!" thought Alice, and, after
waiting till she fancied she heard the Rabbit
just under the window, she suddenly spread out
9ss her hand, and made a snatch in the air. She did
not get hold of anything, but she heard a little
shriek and a fall, and a crash of broken glass,
from which she concluded that it was just possible
it had fallen into a cucumber-frame, or some-
r0 thing of the sort.
Next came an angry voice the Rabbit's -
"Pat! Pat! Where are you?" And then a
voice she had never heard before, Sure then
I'm here Digging for apples, yer honor! "
945 "Digging for apples, indeed !" said the
Rabbit angrily. "Here! Come and help me
out of this!" (Sounds of more broken glass.)
Now tell me, Pat, what's that in the window ?"
"Sure, it's an arm, yer honor!" (He pro-
95 nounced it "arrum.")

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"An arm, you goose! Who ever saw one that
size? Why, it fills the whole window! "
Sure, it does, yer honor: but it's an arm for
all that."
Well, it's got no business there, at any rate: ss
go and take it away!"
There was a long silence after this, and Alice
could only hear whispers now and then; such as

There were more sounds of broken glass"

"Sure, I don't like it, yer honor, at all, at all!"
"Do as I tell you, you coward!" and at last she so
spread out her hand again, and made another
snatch in the air. This time there were two
little shrieks, and more sounds of broken glass.
"What a number of cucumber-frames there must
be!" thought Alice. "I wonder what they'll do se
next! As for pulling me out of the window, I

46 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
only wish they could! I'm sure I don't want to
stay in here any longer "
She waited for some time without hearing
no anything more: at last came a rumbling of little
cart-wheels, and the sound of a good many voices
all talking together: she made out the words:
"Where's the other ladder?-Why, I hadn't to
bring but one. Bill's got the other- Bill! Fetch
975 it here, lad!- Here, put 'em up at this corner--
No, tie 'em together first--they don't reach half
high enough yet--Oh, they'll do well enough.
Don't be particular-Here, Bill! Catch hold of
this rope-Will the roof bear?-Mind that loose
980 slate Oh, it's coming down! Heads below!" (a
loud crash)-"Now, who did that?-It was Bill,
I fancy -Who's to go down the chimney ?-Nay,
Ishan't! You do it!- That I won't then !-Bill's
got to go down- Here, Bill! The master says
985 you've got to go down the chimney!"
Oh! So Bill's got to come down the chimney,
has he? said Alice to herself. Why, they seem
to put everything upon Bill! I wouldn't be in Bill's
place for a good deal: this fireplace is narrow, to
90 be sure; but I think I can kick a little "
She drew her foot as far down the chimney as
she could, and waited till she heard a little animal
(she couldn't guess of what sort it was) scratching
and scrambling about in the chimney close above
995 her: then saying to herself "This is Bill," she
gave one sharp kick, and waited to see what would
happen next.

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

The first thing she heard was a general chorus
of, "There goes Bill!" then the Rabbit's voice
alone-"Catch him, you by the hedge!" then ioo
silence, and then another confusion of voices -
"Hold up his head Brandy now Don't choke
him- How was it, old fellow? What happened
to you? Tell us all about it! "
Last came a little feeble, squeaking voice los
("That's Bill," thought Alice), "Well, I hardly
know No more, thank ye; I'm better now -but
I'm a deal too flustered to tell you-all I know
is, something comes at me like a Jack-in-the-box,
and up I goes like a sky-rocket! 1010
So you did, old fellow !" said the others.
"We must burn the house down!" said the
Rabbit's voice. And Alice called out, as loud as
she could, "If you do, I'll set Dinah at you!"
There was a dead silence instantly, and Alice 15o
thought to herself, "I wonder what they will do
next! If they had any sense, they'd take the roof
off." After a minute or two, they began moving
about again, and Alice heard the Rabbit say, "A
barrowful will do, to begin with." 102
"A barrowful of what ? thought Alice. But
she had not long to doubt, for the next moment
a shower of little pebbles came rattling in at the
window, and some of them hit her in the face.
"I'll put a stop to this," she said to herself, and ios
shouted out, "You'd better not do that again! "
which produced another dead silence.
Alice noticed, with some surprise, that the'

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

pebbles were all turning into little cakes as they
ia lay on the floor, and a bright idea came into her
head. "If I eat one of these cakes," she thought,
"it's sure to make some change in my size; and,
as it can't possibly make me larger, it must make
me smaller, I suppose."
los So she swallowed one of the cakes, and was de-
lighted to find that she began shrinking directly.
As soon as she was small enough to get through

"The Lizard, Bill, held up by two guinea-pigs"

the door, she ran out of the house, and found
quite a crowd of little animals and birds waiting
imo outside. The poor little Lizard, Bill, was in the
middle, being held up by two guinea-pigs, who
were giving it something out of a bottle. They all
made a rush at Alice the moment she appeared;
but she ran off as hard as she could, and soon
t0a found herself safe in a thick wood.

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland 49

"The first thing I've got to do," said Alice to
herself, as she wandered about in the wood, "is
to grow to my right size again; and the second
thing is to find my way into that lovely garden.
I think that will be the best plan." 1050
It sounded an excellent plan, no doubt, and
very neatly and simply arranged: the only diffi-
culty was, that she had not the smallest idea how
to set about it; and, while she was peering about
anxiously among the trees, a little sharp bark just o10
over her head made her look up in a great hurry.
An enormous puppy was looking down at her
with large round eyes, and feebly stretching out
one paw, trying to touch her. "Poor little
thing!" said Alice, in a coaxing tone, and she ieo
tried hard to whistle to it; but she was terribly
frightened all the time at the thought that it
might be hungry, in which case it would be very
likely to eat her up in spite of all her coaxing.
Hardly knowing what she did, she picked up o0s
a little bit of stick, and held it out to the puppy:
whereupon the puppy jumped into the air off all
its feet at once, with a yelp of delight, and rushed
at the stick, and made believe to worry it: then
Alice dodged behind a great thistle, to keep her-io0
self from being run over; and, the moment she
appeared on the other side, the puppy made
another rush at the stick, and tumbled head over
heels in its hurry to get hold of it: then Alice,
thinking it was very like having a game of play 0s
with a carthorse, and expecting every moment to

50 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
be trampled under its feet, ran round the thistle
again: then the puppy began a series of short
charges at the stick, running a very little way
losoforwards each time and a long way back, and
barking hoarsely all the while, till at last it sat
down a good way off, panting, with its tongue
hanging out of its mouth, and its great eyes half
10o This seemed to Alice a good opportunity for
making her escape: so she set off at once, and
ran till she was quite tired and out of breath, and
till the puppy's bark sounded quite faint in the
distance. .,,Fa
loso "And yet what a dear little puppy it was!"
said Alice, as she leant against a buttercup to
rest herself, and fanned herself with one of the
leaves.., "!I should fhi.e liked teaching it tricks
ver minuch, if if I'd only been the right size to
1095do it! Oh dear! I'd nearly forgotten that I've
got to grow up again! Let me see-how is it
to be managed? "I suppose I ought to eat or
drink something or other; but the great question
is What?'"
1100 The great question certainly was "What?"
Alice looked all round her at the flowers and the
blades of grass, but she could not see anything
that looked like the right thing to eat or drink
under the circumstances. There was a large
no mushroom growing near her, about the same
height as herself; and, when she had looked
under it, and on both sides of it, and behind it, it

"She stretched herself up on tiptoe, and peeped over the edge"

52 Alice's Adventzures in Wonderland

occurred to her that she might as well look and
see what was on the top of it.
1110 She stretched herself up on tiptoe, and peeped
over the edge of the mushroom, and her eyes
immediately met those of a large blue caterpillar,
that was sitting on the top, with its arms folded,
quietly smoking a long hookah, and taking not
mi the smallest notice of her or of anything else.



T HE Caterpillar and Alice looked at each
other for some time in silence: at last the
Caterpillar took the hookah out of its 20
mouth and addressed her in a languid, sleepy
"Who are you ?" said the Caterpillar.
This was not an encouraging opening for a
conversation. Alice replied, rather shyly, "I- I 1s
hardly know, Sir, just at present- at least I know
who I was when I got up this morning, but I
think I must have been changed several times
since then."
"What do you mean by that?" said the Cater- so
pillar, sternly. Explain yourself! "
"I can't explain myself, I'm afraid, Sir," said
Alice, "because I'm not myself, you see."
I don't see," said the Caterpillar.
"I'm afraid I can't put it more clearly," Alice ns5
replied, very politely, for I can't understand it
myself, to begin with; and being so many differ-
ent sizes in a day is very confusing."
"It isn't," said the Caterpillar.
"Well, perhaps you haven't found it so yet," n40
said Alice, "but when you have to turn into a

54 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

chrysalis-you will some day, you know-and
then after that into a butterfly, I should think
you'll feel it a little queer, won't you ?"
114 "Not a bit," said the Caterpillar.
"Well, perhaps your feelings may be different,"
said Alice: "all I know is, it would feel very
queer to me."
"You!" said the Caterpillar contemptuously.
n15 Who are you ?"
Which brought them back again to the begin-
ning of the conversation. Alice felt a little irri-
tated at the Caterpillar's making such very short
remarks, and she drew herself up and said, very
a5 gravely, "I think you ought to tell me who you
are, first."
"Why ?" said the Caterpillar.
Here was another puzzling question; and, as
Alice could not think of any good reason, and the
nue Caterpillar seemed to be in a very unpleasant state
of mind, she turned away.
Come back !" the Caterpillar called after her.
"I've something important to say!"
This sounded promising, certainly. Alice
ni5 turned and came back again.
Keep your temper," said the Caterpillar.
Is that all ?" said Alice, swallowing down her
anger as well as she could.
No," said the Caterpillar.
1170 Alice thought she might as well wait, as she
had nothing else to do, and perhaps after all it
might tell her something worth hearing. For

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

some minutes it puffed away without speaking;
but at last it unfolded its arms, took the hookah
out of its mouth again, and said, "So you think ins
you're changed, do you?"
"I'm afraid I am, Sir," said Alice. "I can't
remember things as I used -and I don't keep the
same size for ten minutes together!"
"Can't remember what things?" said theneo
Well, I've tried to say How doth the little busy
bee,' but it all came different! Alice replied in a
very melancholy voice.
Repeat.' You are old, Father William,' said the 1ss
Alice folded her hands, and began:-

"You are old, Father William," the young man said,
"And your hair has become very white;
And yet you incessantly stand on your head- nso
Do you think, at your age, it is right ? "

"In my youth," Father William replied to his son,
"I feared it might injure the brain;
But, now that I'm perfectly sure I have none,
Why, I do it again and again." 1195

"You are old," said the youth, "as I mentioned
And have grown most uncommonly fat;
Yet you turned a back-somersault in at the door -
Pray, what is the reason of that ?" Ioo

56 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"In my youth," said the sage, as he shook his gray locks,
"I kept all my limbs very supple
By the use of this ointment one shilling the box -
Allow me to sell you a couple?"

125 You are old," said the youth, andyour jaws are too
For anything tougher than suet;
Yet you finished the goose, with the bones and the
beak -
1210 Pray, how did you manage to do it ?"

"In my youth," said his father, "I took to the law,
And argued each case with my wife;
And the muscular strength which it gave to my jaw
Has lasted the rest of my life."

1215 You are old," said the youth, one would hardly
That your eye was as steady as ever ;
Yet you balanced an eel on the end of your nose -
What made you so awfully clever? "

1220 "I have answered three questions, and that is enough,"
Said his father. "Don't give yourself airs!
Do you think I can listen all day to such stuff
Be off, or I'll kick you down-stairs "

"That is not said right," said the Caterpillar.
12s Not quite right, I'm afraid," said Alice, tim-
idly: some of the words have got altered."
"It is wrong from beginning to end," said the

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Caterpillar, decidedly; and there was silence for
some minutes.
The Caterpillar was the first to speak.
"What size do you want to be? it asked.
"Oh, I'm not particular as to size," Alice

"The Caterpillar yawned once or twice"

hastily replied; "only one doesn't like changing
so often, you know."
I don't know," said the Caterpillar. 123
Alice said nothing: she had never been so
much contradicted in all her life before, and she
felt that she was losing her temper.

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"Are you content now?" said the Caterpillar.
i2o Well, I should like to be a little larger, Sir,
if you wouldn't mind," said Alice: "three inches
is such a wretched height to be."
"It is a very good height indeed!" said the
Caterpillar angrily, rearing itself upright as it
1245 spoke (it was exactly three inches high).
"But I'm not used to it!" pleaded poor Alice
in a piteous tone. And she thought to herself
"I wish the creatures wouldn't be so easily
s10 "You'll get used to it in time," said the Cat-
erpillar; and it put the hookah into its mouth,
and began smoking again.
This time Alice waited patiently until it chose
to speak again. In a minute or two the Cater-
l25pillar took the hookah out of its mouth, and
yawned once or twice, and shook itself. Then it
got down off the mushroom, and crawled away
into the grass, merely remarking, as it went,
"One side will make you grow taller, and the
120 other side will make you grow shorter."
One side of what ? The other side of what ?"
thought Alice to herself.
"Of the mushroom," said the Caterpillar, just
as if she had asked it aloud; and in another
im moment it was out of sight.
Alice remained looking thoughtfully at the
mushroom for a minute, trying to make out which
were the two sides of it; and as it was perfectly
round, she found this a very difficult question.

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

However, at last she stretched her arms around im
it as far as they would go, and broke off a bit of
the edge with each hand.
"And now which is which?" she said to her-
self, and nibbled a little of the right-hand bit to
try the effect. The next moment she felt a vio- 75
lent blow underneath her chin: it had struck her
She was a good deal frightened by this very
sudden change, but she felt that there was no time
to be lost, as she was shrinking rapidly: so she iso
set to work at once to eat some of the other bit.
Her chin was pressed so closely against her foot,
that there was hardly room to open her mouth;
but she did it at last, and managed to swallow a
morsel of the left-hand bit. 125


"Come, my head's free at last! said Alice in a
tone of delight, which changed into alarm in an- ~0
other moment, when she found that her shoulders
were nowhere to be found: all she could see, when
she looked down, was'an immense length of neck,
which seemed to rise like a stalk out of a sea of
green leaves that lay far below her. 195
What can all that green stuff be ?" said Alice.
"And where have my shoulders got to? And oh,
my poor hands, how is it I can't see you?" She

6o Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

was moving them about, as she spoke, but no
isooresult seemed to follow, except a little shaking
among the distant green leaves.
As there seemed to be no chance of getting
her hands up to her head, she tried to get her
head down to them, and was delighted to find
so5 that her neck would bend about easily in any
direction, like a serpent. She had just succeeded
in curving it down into a graceful zigzag, and
was going to dive in among the leaves, which
she found to be nothing but the tops of the trees
isiounder which she had been wandering, when a
sharp hiss made her draw back in a hurry: a large
pigeon had flown into her face, and was beating
her violently with its wings..
"Serpent!" screamed the Pigeon.
1s15 "I'm not a serpent!" said Alice indignantly.
"Let me alone!"
"Serpent, I say again!" repeated the Pigeon,
but in a more subdued tone, and added, with a
kind of sob, "I've tried every way, but nothing
120 seems to suit them! "
"I haven't the least idea what you're talking
about," said Alice.
"I've tried the roots of trees, and I've tried
banks, and I've tried hedges," the Pigeon went
1M5 on, without attending to her; but those serpents!
There's no pleasing them!"
Alice was more and more puzzled, but she
thought there was no use in saying anything
more till the Pigeon had finished.

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"As if it wasn't trouble enough hatching the 133
eggs," said the Pigeon; "but I must be on the
lookout for serpents, night and day? Why, I
haven't had a wink of sleep these three weeks!"
"I'm very sorry you've been annoyed," said
Alice, who was beginning to see its meaning. 1i33
"And just as I'd taken the highest tree in the
wood," continued the Pigeon, raising its voice to
a shriek, "and just as I was thinking I should be
free of them at last, they must needs come wrig-
gling down from the sky! Ugh, Serpent! 130
"But I'm not a serpent, I tell you!" said Alice.
"I'm a- I'm a- "
Well! What are you?" said the Pigeon. "I
can see you're trying to invent something!"
"I-I'm a little girl," said Alice, rather doubt- 134
fully, as she remembered the number of changes
she had gone through, that day.
"A likely story indeed !" said the Pigeon, in a
tone of the deepest contempt. "I've seen a good
many little girls in my time, but never one with 1'5
such a neck as that! No, no! You're a serpent;
and there's no use denying it. I suppose you'll
be telling me next that you never tasted an egg! "
I have tasted eggs, certainly," said Alice, who
was a very truthful child; "but little girls eat 1355
eggs quite as much as serpents do, you know."
I don't believe it," said the Pigeon; "but if
they do, why, then they're a kind of serpent: that's
all I can say."
This was such a new idea to Alice, that she s13

62 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

was quite silent for a minute or two, which gave
the Pigeon the opportunity of adding, "You're
looking for eggs, I know that well enough; and
what does it matter to me whether you're a little
1Ss girl or a serpent ?"
It matters a good deal to me," said Alice has-
tily; but I'm not looking for eggs, as it happens;

"She began nibbling at the right-hand bit again"

and, if I was, I shouldn't want yours: I don't like
them raw."
ei Well, be off, then! said the Pigeon in a sulky
tone, as it settled down again into its nest. Alice
crouched down among the trees as well as she
could, for her neck kept getting entangled among
the branches, and every now and then she had to
s5 stop and untwist it. After a while she remem-

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

bered that she still held the pieces of mushroom
in her hands, and she set to work very carefully,
nibbling first at one and then at the other, and
growing sometimes taller, and sometimes shorter,
until she had succeeded in bringing herself down iss
to her usual height.
It was so long since she had been anything
near the right size, that it felt quite strange at
first; but she got used to it in a few minutes, and
began talking to herself, as usual, Come, there's nsss
half my plan done now! How puzzling all these
changes are! I'm never sure what I'm going to
be, from one minute to another! However, I've
got back to my right size: the next thing is,
to get into that beautiful garden -how is that to Is
be done, I wonder?" As she said this, she came
suddenly upon an open place, with a little house
in it about four feet high. Whoever lives there,"
thought Alice, it'll never do to come upon them
this size: why, I should frighten them out of their 1is
wits! So she began nibbling at the right-hand
bit again, and did not venture to go near the
house till she had brought herself down to nine
inches high.



FOR a minute or two she stood looking at the
house, and wondering what to do next,
when suddenly a footman in livery came
1405 running out of the wood -(she considered him to
be a footman because he was in livery: other-
wise, judging by his face only, she would have
called him a fish) and rapped loudly at the door
with his knuckles. It was opened by another
1410 footman in livery, with a round face, and large
eyes like a frog; and both footmen, Alice noticed,
had powdered hair that curled all over their
heads. She felt very curious to know what it
was all about, and crept a little way out of the
1415 wood to listen.
The Fish-Footman began by producing from
under his arm a great letter, nearly as large as
himself, and this he handed over to the other, say-
ing, in a solemn tone, For the Duchess. An
1420invitation from the Queen to play croquet." The
Frog-Footman repeated, in the same solemn tone,
only changing the order of the words a little,
"From the Queen. An invitation for the Duch-
ess to play croquet."
1425 Then they both bowed low and their curls got
entangled together.

-p1/ --

" 'There's no sort of use in knocking,' said the Footman"


66 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Alice laughed so much at this, that she had to
run back into the wood for fear of their hearing
her; and, when she next peeped out, the Fish-
140 Footman was gone, and the other was sitting on
the ground near the door, staring up into the sky.
Alice went timidly up to the door, and knocked.
"There's no sort of use in knocking," said the
Footman, "and that for two reasons. First,
i4 because I'm on the same side of the door as you
are: secondly, because they're making such a
noise inside, no one could possibly hear you."
And certainly there was a most extraordinary
noise going on within -a constant howling and
1440 sneezing, and every now and then a great crash,
as if a dish or kettle had been broken to pieces.
Please, then," said Alice, "how am I to get
There might be some sense in your knock-
14 ing," the Footman went on, without attending to
her, "if we had the door between us. For in-
stance, if you were inside, you might knock, and I
could let you out, you know." He was looking
up into the sky all the time he was speaking, and
1450this Alice thought decidedly uncivil. But per-
haps he can't help it," she said to herself; "his
eyes are so very nearly at the top of his head.
But at any rate he might answer questions.-
How am I to get in ?" she repeated, aloud.
M4s I shall sit here," the Footman remarked, "till
to-morrow -"
At this moment the door of the house opened,

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

and a large plate came skimming out, straight at
the Footman's head: it just grazed his nose, and
broke to pieces against one of the trees behind 140
"- or next day, maybe," the Footman con-
tinued in the same tone, exactly as if nothing had
How am I to get in ?" asked Alice again, in a 14i
louder tone.
"Are you to get in at all? said the Footman.
"That's the first question, you know."
It was, no doubt: only Alice did not like to be
told so. "It's really dreadful," she muttered to 14
herself, "the way all the creatures argue. It's
enough to drive one crazy! "
The Footman seemed to think this a good
opportunity for repeating his remark, with varia-
tions. I shall sit here," he said, "on and off, 1475
for days and days."
"But what am I to do ?" said Alice.
"Anything you like," said the Footman, and
began whistling.
"Oh, there's no use in talking to him," said iso
Alice desperately: "he's perfectly idiotic! And
she opened the door and went in.
The door led right into a large kitchen, which
was full of smoke from one end to the other: the
Duchess was sitting on a three-legged stool in the 1485
middle, nursing a baby: the cook was leaning
over the fire, stirring a large caldron which
seemed to be full of soup.

68 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"There's certainly too much pepper in that
1490 soup! Alice said to herself, as well as she could
for sneezing.
There was certainly too much of it in the
air. Even the Duchess sneezed occasionally; and
as for the baby, it was sneezing and howling
145 alternately without a moment's pause. The only
two creatures in the kitchen, that did not sneeze,
were the cook, and a large cat, which was lying
on the hearth and grinning from ear to ear.
"Please would you tell me," said Alice, a little
1500 timidly, for she was not quite sure whether it was
good manners for her to speak first, "why your
cat grins like that."
"It's a Cheshire-Cat," said the Duchess, "and
that's why. Pig! "
1505 She said the last word with such sudden vio-
lence that Alice quite jumped; but she saw in
another moment that it was addressed to the
baby, and not to her, so she took courage, and
went on again:-
1510 "I didn't know that Cheshire-Cats always
grinned; in fact, I didn't know that cats could
"They all can," said the Duchess; "and most
of 'em do."
1515 I don't know of any that do," Alice said very
politely, feeling quite pleased to have got into a
"You don't know much," said the Duchess;
"and that's a fact."

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Alice did not at all like the tone of this remark, 1520
and thought it would be as well to introduce some
other subject of conversation. While she was try-
ing to fix on one, the cook took the caldron of
soup off the fire, and at once set to work throwing
everything within her reach at the Duchess and 1525

"The Duchess took no notice of them"

the baby the fire-irons came first; then followed
a shower of saucepans, plates, and dishes. The
Duchess took no notice of them even when they hit
her; and the baby was howling so much already,
that it was quite impossible to say whether the iso
blows hurt it or not.
"Oh, please mind what you're doing!" cried
Alice, jumping up and down in an agony of terror.
" Oh, there goes his precious nose! as an unusually

o7 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
ss large saucepan flew close by it, and very nearly
carried it off.
If everybody minded their own business," the
Duchess said, in a hoarse growl, the world would
go round a deal faster than it does."
1M0 "Which would not be an advantage," said Alice,
who felt very glad to get an opportunity of show-
ing off a little of her knowledge. "Just think
what work it would make with the day and night!
You see the earth takes twenty-four hours to turn
i5 round on its axis- "
"Talking of axes," said the Duchess, "chop off
her head!"
Alice glanced rather anxiously at the cook, to
see if she meant to take the hint; but the cook
is5owas busily stirring the soup, and seemed not to
be listening, so she went on again: Twenty-four
hours, I think; or is it twelve? I "
"Oh, don't bother me!" said the Duchess. "I
never could abide figures!" And with that she
155 began nursing her child again, singing a sort of
lullaby to it as she did so, and giving it a violent
shake at the end of every line:-
Speak roughly to your little boy,
And beat him when he sneezes:
15Mo He only does it to annoy,
Because he knows it teases."
(in which the cook and the baby joined):-
"Wow! wow wow "

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

While the Duchess sang the second verse of 15is
the song, she kept tossing the baby violently up
and down, and the poor little thing howled so,
that Alice could hardly hear the words:-

"I speak severely to my boy,
I beat him when he sneezes; 1570
For he can thoroughly enjoy
The pepper when he pleases "
Wow! wow wow! "

"Here! You may nurse it a bit, if you like! "1575
the Duchess said to Alice, flinging the baby at
her as she spoke. "I must go and get ready to
play croquet with the Queen," and she hurried
out of the room. The cook threw a frying-pan
after her as she went, but it just missed her. 150i
Alice caught the baby with some difficulty,
as it was a queer-shaped little creature, and held
out its arms and legs in all directions, "just like
a star-fish," thought Alice. The poor little thing
was snorting like a steam-engine when she caught iss
it, and kept doubling itself up and straightening
itself out again, so that altogether, for the first
minute or two, it was as much as she could do to
hold it.
As soon as she had made out the proper way 19s
of nursing it (which was to twist it up into a sort
of knot, and then keep tight hold of its right ear
and left foot, so as to prevent its undoing itself),

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

she carried it out into the open air. "If I don't
1595take this child away with me," thought Alice,
"they're sure to kill it in a day or two. Wouldn't
it be murder to leave it behind? She said the
last words out loud,, and the little thing grunted
in reply (it had left off sneezing by this time).
160o"Don't grunt," said Alice; "that's not at all a
proper way of expressing yourself."
The baby grunted again, and Alice looked very
anxiously into its face to see what was the matter
with it. There could be no doubt that it had a
160 very turn-up nose, much more like a snout than a
real nose: also its eyes were getting extremely
small for a baby: altogether Alice did not like the
look of the thing at all. But perhaps it was only
sobbing," she thought, and looked into its eyes
1610 again, to see if there were any tears.
No, there were no tears. "If you're going to
turn into a pig, my dear," said Alice, seriously,
"I'll have nothing more to do with you. Mind
now!" The poor little thing sobbed again (or
1615 grunted, it was impossible to say which), and they
went on for some while in silence.
Alice was just beginning to think to herself,
"Now, what am I to do with this creature, when
I get it home?" when it grunted again, so vio-
160 lently, that she looked down into its face in some
alarm. This time there could be no mistake about
it: it was neither more nor less than a pig, and
she felt that it would be quite absurd for her to
carry it any further.

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

So she set the little creature down, and felt 162
quite relieved to see it trot away quietly into the
wood. "If it had grown up," she said to herself,
"it would have made a dreadfully ugly child:
but it makes rather a handsome pig, I think."
And she began thinking over other children she 1sao

"She felt quite relieved to see it trot away"

knew, who might do very well as pigs, and was
just saying to herself "if one only knew the right
way to change them -- when she was a little
startled by seeing the Cheshire-Cat sitting on a
bough of a tree a few yards off. 163a
The Cat only grinned when it saw Alice. It
looked good-natured, she thought: still it had

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

very long claws and a great many teeth, so she
felt that it ought to be treated with respect.
16o "Cheshire-Puss," she began, rather timidly, as
she did not at all know whether it would like the
name: however, it only grinned a little wider.
Come, it's pleased so far," thought Alice, and she
went on. Would you tell me, please, which way
16 I ought to go from here?"
That depends a good deal on where you want
to get to," said the Cat.
"I don't much care where- said Alice.
"Then it doesn't matter which way you go,"
160 said the Cat.
"- so long as I get somewhere," Alice added
as an explanation.
"Oh, you're sure to do that," said the Cat, "if
you only walk long enough."
e16 Alice felt that this could not be denied, so she
tried another question. "What sort of people
live about here ?"
"In that direction," the Cat said, waving its
right paw round, "lives a Hatter: and in that
i6o direction," waving the other paw, "lives a March
Hare. Visit either you like: they're both mad."
But I don't want to go among mad people,"
Alice remarked.
Oh, you can't help that," said the Cat: "we're
665 all mad here. I'm mad. You're mad."
How do you know I'm mad ?" said Alice.
You must be said the Cat, or you wouldn't
have come here,"

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Alice didn't think that proved it at all: how-
ever, she went on: "And how do you know that 17o
you're mad?"
"To begin with," said the Cat, "a dog's not
mad. You grant that?"
I suppose so," said Alice.
"Well, then," the Cat went on, "you see a dog 1675
growls when it's angry, and wags its tail when it's
pleased. Now I growl when I'm pleased, and wag
my tail when I'm angry. Therefore I'm mad."
"I call it purring, not growling," said Alice.
Call it what you like," said the Cat. Do you isso
play croquet with the Queen to-day?"
"I should like it very much," said Alice, "but
I haven't been invited yet."
"You'll see me there," said the Cat, and van-
ished. 16as
Alice was not much surprised at this, she was
getting so well used to queer things happening.
While she was still looking at the place where it
had been, it suddenly appeared again.
"By-the-bye, what became of the baby?" said 1e6
the Cat. "I'd nearly forgotten to ask."
It turned into a pig," Alice answered very
quietly, just as if the Cat had come back in a nat-
ural way.
"I thought it would," said the Cat, and van-1695
ished again.
Alice waited a little, half expecting to see it
again, but it did not appear, and after a minute
or two she walked on in the direction in which


" The Cat vanished quite slowly, ending with the grin"

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

the March Hare was said to live. "I've seen hat- 1oo
ters before," she said to herself: the March Hare
will be much the most interesting, and perhaps,
as this is May, it won't be raving mad -at least
not so mad as it was in March." As she said this,
she looked up, and there was the Cat again, nos
sitting on a branch of a tree.
"Did you say 'pig' or fig'? said the Cat.
"I said 'pig'," replied Alice; "and I wish you
wouldn't keep appearing and vanishing so sud-
denly: you make one quite giddy! I1o
"All right," said the Cat; and this time it
vanished quite slowly, beginning with the end of
its tail, and ending with the grin, which remained
some time after the rest of it had gone.
"Well! I've often seen a cat without a grin," Ins
thought Alice; "but a grin without a cat! It's
the most curious thing I ever saw in all my life!"
She had not gone much farther before she
came in sight of the house of the March Hare:
she thought it must be the right house, because ivo
the chimneys were shaped like ears and the roof
was thatched with fur. It was so large a house,
that she did not like to go nearer till she had
nibbled some more of the left-hand bit of mush-
room, and raised herself to about two feet high: irs
even then she walked up towards it rather
timidly, saying to herself, "Suppose it should be
raving mad after all! I almost wish I'd gone to
see the Hatter instead! "



T HERE was a table set out under a tree in
front of the house, and the March Hare
and the Hatter were having tea at it: a
i7s Dormouse was sitting between them, fast asleep,
and the other two were using it as a cushion, rest-
ing their elbows on it, and talking over its head.

"The other two were using it as a cushion''
"Very uncomfortable for the Dormouse," thought
Alice; "only as it's asleep, I suppose it doesn't
1740 mind."
The table was a large one, but the three were
all crowded together at one corner of it. "No
room! No room!" they cried out when they saw
Alice coming. "There's plenty of room!" said

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

Alice indignantly, and she sat down in a large 17i
armchair at one end of the table.
Have some wine," the March Hare said in an
encouraging tone.
Alice looked all round the table, but there was
nothing on it but tea. "I don't see any wine," 175
she remarked.
"There isn't any," said the March Hare.
"Then it wasn't very civil of you to offer it,"
said Alice angrily.
"It wasn't very civil of you to sit down with-1755
out being invited," said the March Hare.
"I didn't know it was your table," said Alice:
"it's laid for a great many more than three."
"Your hair wants cutting," said the Hatter.
He had been looking at Alice for some time with 17o
great curiosity, and this was his first speech.
"You should learn not to make personal
remarks," Alice said with some severity: "it's
very rude."
The Hatter opened his eyes very wide on hear- 175
ing this; but all he said was, "Why is a raven
like a writing-desk?"
"Come, we shall have some fun now! thought
Alice. "I'm glad they've begun asking riddles
-I believe I can guess that," she added aloud. mo
Do you mean that you think you can find out
the answer to it?" said the March Hare.
"Exactly so," said Alice.
"Then you should say what you mean," the
March Hare went on. 1775

o8 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"I do," Alice hastily replied; "at least- at
least I mean what I say--that's the same thing,
you know."
"Not the same thing a bit!" said the Hatter.
Iso "Why, you might just as well say that 'I see
what I eat' is the same thing as 'I eat what I
"You might just as well say," added the March
Hare, "that 'I like what I get' is the same thing
15 as 'I get what I like'!"
"You might just as well say," added the Dor-
mouse, which seemed to be talking in its sleep,
"that' I breathe when I sleep' is the same thing
as 'I sleep when I breathe'!"
1i0 It is the same thing with you," said the Hat-
ter, and here the conversation dropped, and the
party sat silent for a minute, while Alice thought
over all she could remember about ravens and
writing-desks, which wasn't much.
1795 The Hatter was the first to break the silence.
"What day of the month is it?" he said, turning
to Alice: he had taken his watch out of his pocket,
and was looking at it uneasily, shaking it every
now and then, and holding it to his ear.
0soo Alice considered a little, and then said "The
"Two days wrong!" sighed the Hatter. "I
0old you butter wouldn't suit the works!" he
added, looking angrily at the March Hare.
1805 "It was the best butter," the March Hare
meekly replied.

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"Yes, but some crumbs must have got in as
well," the Hatter grumbled: "you shouldn't have
put it in with the bread-knife."
The March Hare took the watch and looked at isio
it gloomily: then he dipped it into his cup of tea,
and looked at it again: but he could think of
nothing better to say than his first remark, "It
was the best butter, you know."

"The March Hare looked at it gloomily"

Alice had been looking over his shoulder with s115
some curiosity. "What a funny watch!" she
remarked. It tells the day of the month, and
doesn't tell what o'clock it is!"
"Why should it?" muttered the Hatter.
"Does your watch tell you what year it is ?" sso
"Of course not," Alice replied very readily:

82 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"but that's because it stays the same year for
such a long time together."
"Which is just the case with mine," said the
ism Hatter.
Alice felt dreadfully puzzled. The Hatter's
remark seemed to her to have no sort of meaning
in it, and yet it was certainly English. "I don't
quite understand you," she said, as politely as she
i8so could.
'The Dormouse is asleep again," said the Hat-
ter, and he poured a little hot tea upon its nose.
The Dormouse shook its head impatiently, and
said, without opening its eyes, "Of course, of
18ss course: just what I was going to remark myself."
Have you guessed the riddle yet? the Hatter
said, turning to Alice again.
"No, I give it up," Alice replied. "What's
the answer?"
i84 "I haven't the slightest idea," said the Hatter.
"Nor I," said the March Hare.
Alice sighed wearily. "I think you might
do something better with the time," she said,
"than wasting it in asking riddles that have no
1845 answers."
"If you knew Time as well as I do," said the
Hatter, you wouldn't talk about wasting it. It's
I don't know what you mean," said Alice.
1850 Of course you don't !" the Hatter said, tossing
his head contemptuously. "I dare say you never
even spoke to Time! "

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"Perhaps not," Alice cautiously replied; "but
I know I have to beat time when I learn
music." s55
"Ah! That accounts for it," said the Hatter.
"He won't stand beating. Now, if you only kept
on good terms with him, he'd do almost anything
you liked with the clock. For instance, suppose
it were nine o'clock in the morning, just time to iso
begin lessons: you'd only have to whisper a hint
to Time, and round goes the clock in a twinkling!
Half-past one, time for dinner! "
(" I only wish it was," the March Hare said to
itself in a whisper.) ise
."That would be grand, certainly," said Alice
thoughtfully; but then I shouldn't be hungry
for it, you know."
"Not at first, perhaps," said the Hatter: "but
you could keep it to half-past one as long as you 1870
Is that the way you manage? Alice asked.
The Hatter shook his head mournfully. Not
I!" he replied. "We quarreled last March--
just before he went mad, you know-- (pointing 1875
with his teaspoon at the March Hare) "--it was
at the great concert given by the Queen of Hearts,
and I had to sing
Twinkle, twinkle, little bat!
How I wonder what you're at isso
You know the song, perhaps?"
"I've heard something like it," said Alice.

84 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

It goes on, you know, the Hatter continued,
"in this way:-
las Up above the world you fly,
Like a tea-tray in the sky.
Twinkle, twinkle- '"
Here the Dormouse shook itself, and began
singing in its sleep, Twinkle, twinkle, twinkle,
s1o9 twinkle -- and went on so long that they had
to pinch it to make it stop.
"Well, I'd hardly finished the first verse," said
the Hatter, "when the Queen bawled out, 'He's
murdering the time! Off with his head!'"
1895 "How dreadfully savage!" exclaimed Alice.
"And ever since that," the Hatter went on in
a mournful tone, "he won't do a thing I ask. It's
always six o'clock now."
A bright idea came into Alice's head. Is that
1900 the reason so many tea things are put out here ?"
she asked.
"Yes, that's it," said the Hatter with a sigh:
"it's always tea-time, and we've no time to wash
the things between whiles."
1905 "Then you keep moving round, I suppose?"
said Alice.
"Exactly so," said the Hatter: "as the things
get used up."
"But what happens when you come to the
1910 beginning again? Alice ventured to ask.
"Suppose we change the subject," the March
Hare interrupted, yawning. "I'm getting tired

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

of this. I vote the young lady tells us a
"I'm afraid I don't know one," said Alice, 1s9
rather alarmed at the proposal.
"Then the Dormouse shall !" they both cried.
"Wake up, Dormouse!" And they pinched it
on both sides at once.
The Dormouse slowly opened its eyes. "I o20
wasn't asleep," it said in a hoarse feeble voice,
" I heard every word you fellows were saying."

S"Wake up, Dormouse !"

"Tell us a story!" said the March Hare.
Yes, please do! pleaded Alice.
"And be quick about it," added the Hatter, 192
"or you'll be asleep again before it's done."
"Once upon a time there were three little sis-
ters," the Dormouse began in a great hurry; "and
their names were Elsie, Lacie, and Tillie; and
they lived at the bottom of a well- mso
"What did they live on?" said Alice, who

86 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

always took a great interest in questions of eat-
ing and drinking.
"They lived on treacle," said the Dormouse,
19i5 after thinking a minute or two.
"They couldn't have done that, you know,"
Alice gently remarked. "They'd have been ill."
"So they were," said the Dormouse; "very
140 Alice tried a little to fancy to herself what such
an extraordinary way of living would be like, but
it puzzled her too much: so she went on: "But
why did they live at the bottom of a well? "
"Take some more tea," the March Hare said
19 to Alice, very earnestly.
"I've had nothing yet," Alice replied in an
offended tone: "so I can't take more."
"You mean you can't take less," said the Hat-
ter: "it's very easy to take more than nothing."
1950 Nobody asked your opinion," said Alice.
"Who's making personal remarks now?" the
Hatter asked triumphantly.
Alice did not quite know what to say to this:
so she helped herself to some tea and bread-and-
'os butter, and then turned to the Dormouse, and
repeated her question. "Why did they live at
the bottom of a well ?"
The Dormouse again took a minute or two to
think about it, and then said, "It was a treacle-
1960 well."
There's no such thing Alice was beginning
very angrily, but the Hatter and the March Hare

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

went "Sh! Sh!" and the Dormouse sulkily re-
marked, If you can't be civil, you'd better finish
the story for yourself." 195
"No, please go on!" Alice said very humbly.
"I won't interrupt you again. I dare say there
may be one."
One, indeed!" said the Dormouse indignantly.
However, he consented to go on. "And so these 1wo
three little sisters--they were learning to draw,
you know--"
"What did they draw?" said Alice, quite for-
getting her promise.
"Treacle," said the Dormouse, without con- ins
sidering at all, this time.
I want a clean cup," interrupted the Hatter:
"let's all move one place on."
He moved on as he spoke, and the Dormouse
followed him: the March Hare moved into the s80
Dormouse's place, and Alice rather unwillingly
took the place of the March Hare. The Hatter
was the only one who got any advantage from
the change; and Alice was a good deal worse off
than before, as the March Hare had just upset lss
the milk-jug into his plate.
Alice did not wish to offend the Dormouse
again, so she began very cautiously: But I don't
understand. Where did they draw the treacle
from ?" 10
You can draw water out of a water-well," said
the Hatter; "so I should think you could draw
treacle out of a treacle-well eh, stupid?"

88 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"But they were in the well," Alice said to the
1995 Dormouse, not choosing to notice this last remark.
"Of course they were," said the Dormouse:
"well in."
This answer so confused poor Alice, that she
let the Dormouse go on for some time without
200 interrupting it.
"They were learning to draw," the Dormouse
went on, yawning and rubbing its eyes, for it was
getting very sleepy; "and they drew all manner
of things--everything that begins with an
2005 M "
"Why with an M ?" said Alice.
"Why not ?" said the March Hare.
Alice was silent.
The Dormouse had closed its eyes by this time,
210 and was going off into a doze; but, on being
pinched by the Hatter, it woke up again with
a little shriek, and went on: "- that begins
with an M, such as mouse-traps, and the moon,
and memory, and muchness -you know you say
205 things are 'much of a muchness'- did you ever
see such a thing as a drawing of a muchness!"
"Really, now you ask me," said Alice, very
much confused, "I don't think "
"Then you shouldn't talk," said the Hatter.
2020 This piece of rudeness was more than Alice
could bear: she got up in great disgust, and
walked off: the Dormouse fell asleep instantly,
and neither of the others took the least notice of
her going, though she looked back once or twice,

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

half hoping that they would call after her: the 2zo
last time she saw them, they were trying to put
the Dormouse into the teapot.
"At any rate I'll never go there again!" said
Alice, as she picked her way through the wood.
"It's the stupidest tea-party I ever was at in all 20
my life !"
Just as she said this, she noticed that one of
the trees had a door leading right into it. "That's
very curious!" she thought. "But everything's
curious to-day. I think I may as well go in at 2oa
once." And in she went.
Once more she found herself in the long hall,
and close to the little glass table. "Now, I'll
manage better this time," she said to herself, and
began by taking the little golden key, and unlock- wo
ing the door that led into the garden. Then she
set to work nibbling at the mushroom (she had
kept a piece of it in her pocket) till she was
about a foot high: then she walked down the
little passage: and then -she found herself at 2o4
last in the beautiful garden, among the bright
flower-beds and the cool fountains.




A LARGE rose-tree stood near the entrance of
the garden; the roses growing on it were
white, but there were three gardeners at it,
busily painting them red. Alice thought this a
very curious thing, and she went nearer to watch

"Don't go splashingaint over me like that I "
205 them, and, just as she came up to them, she heard
one of them say Look out now, Five! Don't go
splashing paint over me like that!"
I couldn't help it," said Five, in a sulky tone.
"Seven jogged my elbow."
2060 On which Seven looked up and said, "That's
right, Five! Always lay the blame on others!"

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland i9

"You'd better not talk! said Five. "I heard
the Queen say only yesterday you deserved to be
"What for?" said the one who had spoken first. 2oe
"That's none of your business, Two!" said
Yes, it is his business! said Five. "And I'll
tell him- it was for bringing the cook tulip-roots
instead of onions." 20o
Seven flung down his brush, and had just
begun, "Well, of all the unjust things-" when
his eye chanced to fall upon Alice, as she stood
watching them, and he checked himself suddenly:
the others looked round also, and all of them 2075
bowed low.
"Would you tell me, please," said Alice, a
little timidly," why you are painting those roses ?"
Five and Seven said nothing, but looked at
Two. Two began, in a low voice, Why, the fact 2oo
is, you see, Miss, this here ought to have been a
red rose-tree, and we put a white one in by mis-
take; and, if the Queen was to find it out, we
should all have our heads cut off, you know. So
you see, Miss, we're doing our best, afore she2ms
comes, to -- At this point Five, who had been
anxiously looking across the garden, called out,
"The Queen! The Queen!" and the three gar-
deners instantly threw themselves flat upon their
faces. There was a sound of many footsteps, and 200
Alice looked round, eager to see the Queen.
First came ten soldiers carrying clubs: these

92 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

were all shaped like the three gardeners, oblong
and flat, with their hands and feet at the corners:
205 next the ten courtiers: these were ornamented all
over with diamonds, and walked two and two, as
the soldiers did. After these came the royal
children: there were ten of them, and the little
dears came jumping merrily along, hand in hand,
2100in couples: they were all ornamented with hearts.
Next came the guests, mostly Kings and Queens,
and among them Alice recognized the White Rab-
bit: it was talking in a hurried, nervous manner,
smiling at everything that was said, and went by
210s without noticing her. Then followed the Knave
of Hearts, carrying the King's crown on a crimson
velvet cushion; and, last of all this grand proces-
2110 Alice was rather doubtful whether she ought
not to lie down on her face like the three gar-
deners, but she could not remember ever having
heard of such a rule at processions; "and besides,
what would be the use of a procession," thought
2115 she, if people had all to lie down on their faces,
so that they couldn't see it ?" So she stood where
she was, and waited.
When the procession came opposite to Alice,
they all stopped and looked at her, and the Queen
2120 said, severely, "Who is this ?" She said it to the
Knave of Hearts, who only bowed and smiled in
"Idiot!" said the Queen, tossing her head

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

impatiently; and, turning to Alice, she went on:
"What's your name, child?" 2125
"My name is Alice, so please your Majesty,"
said Alice very politely; but she added, to her-
self, "Why, they're only a pack of cards, after all.
I needn't be afraid of them!"

"'Nonsense,' said Alice, very loudly and decidedly"

"And who are these?" said the Queen, point-21l3
ing to the three gardeners who were lying round
the rose-tree; for, you see, as they were lying on
their faces, and the pattern on their backs was
the same as the rest of the pack, she could not
tell whether they were gardeners, or soldiers, or 213
courtiers, or three of her own children.
"How should I know?" said Alice, surprised
at her own courage. "It's no business of mine."
The Queen turned crimson with fury, and, after

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

2140 glaring at her for a moment like a wild beast, be-
gan screaming, "Off with her head! Off with- "
"Nonsense!" said Alice, very loudly and de-
cidedly, and the Queen was silent.
The King laid his hand upon her arm, and
2145 timidly said, "Consider, my dear: she is only a
The Queen turned angrily away from him, and
said to the Knave, "Turn them over! "
The knave did so, very carefully, with one foot.
2150 Get up said the Queen in a shrill, loud voice,
and the three gardeners instantly jumped up, and
began bowing to the King, the Queen, the royal
children, and everybody else.
Leave off that! screamed the Queen. "You
2155 make me giddy." And then, turning to the rose-
tree, she went on, "What have you been doing
here ?"
"May it please your Majesty," said Two, in
a very humble tone, going down on one knee as
2160 he spoke, "we were trying-- "
"I see!" said the Queen, who had meanwhile
been examining the roses. "Off with their heads!"
and the procession moved on, three of the soldiers
remaining behind to execute the unfortunate gar-
2165 deners, who ran to Alice for protection.
"You shan't be beheaded!" said Alice, and
she put them into a large flower-pot that stood
near. The three soldiers wandered about for a
minute or two, looking for them, and then quietly
2170 marched off after the others.

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

"Are their heads off?" shouted the Queen.
Their heads are gone, if it please your
Majesty!" the soldiers shouted in reply.
"That's right!" shouted the Queen. "Can
you play croquet ?" 217
The soldiers were silent, and looked at Alice,
as the question was evidently meant for her.
"Yes!" shouted Alice.
Come on, then !" roared the Queen, and Alice
joined the procession, wondering very much what 21so
would happen next.
"It's-it's a very fine day!" said a timid
voice at her side. She was walking by the White
Rabbit, who was peeping anxiously into her face.
"Very," said Alice. "Where's the Duchess ?" 21s5
"Hush! Hush!" said the Rabbit in a low
hurried tone. He looked anxiously over his
shoulder as he spoke, and then raised himself
upon tiptoe, put his mouth close to her ear, and
whispered, "She's under sentence of execution." 2190
"What for?" said Alice.
"Did you say 'What a pity!'?" the Rabbit
"No, I didn't," said Alice. "I don't think it's
at all a pity. I said 'What for ?'" 2195
She boxed the Queen's ears the Rabbit
began. Alice gave a little scream of laughter.
" Oh, hush! the Rabbit whispered in a frightened
tone. "The Queen will hear you! You see she
came rather late, and the Queen said-- 2200
"Get to your places!" shouted the Queen in

96 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

a voice of thunder, and people began running
about in all directions, tumbling up against each
other: however, they got settled down in a minute
220 or two, and the game began.
Alice thought she had never seen such a curi-
ous croquet-ground in her life: it was all ridges
and furrows: the croquet balls were live hedge-
hogs, and the mallets live flamingoes, and the
210 soldiers had to double themselves up and stand on
their hands and feet, to make the arches.
The chief difficulty Alice found at first was in
managing her flamingo: she succeeded in getting
its body tucked away, comfortably enough, under
2215 her arm, with its legs hanging down, but gener-
ally, just as she had got its neck nicely straight-
ened out, and was going to give the hedgehog a
blow with its head, it would twist itself round
and look up in her face, with such a puzzled ex-
2opression that she could not help bursting out
laughing; and, when she had got its head down,
and was going to begin again, it was very provok-
ing to find that the hedgehog had unrolled itself,
and was in the act of crawling away: besides all
2225 this, there was generally a ridge or a furrow in
the way wherever she wanted to send the hedge-
hog to, and, as the doubled-up soldiers were
always getting up and walking off to other parts
of the ground, Alice soon came to the conclusion
220 that it was a very difficult game indeed.
The players all played at once, without waiting
for turns, quarreling all the while, and fighting

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