The B.aldwin bbrary
One of the guinea-pigs cheered and was
THE READERS LIBRARY
PUBLISHING COMPANY LTD,
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KINGSWAY. LONDON, W.C.2
(All Rights Reseved)
Made ag Frti ,n1 in BGrtl Brdi
By fhe Greycaine Book Ma4nfactmring Go., Ltd.
THE READES LMR BB is intended to bring the
best-known novels of the world within the reach
of the millions, by presenting at the lowest possible
priee per copy, in convenient size, on excellent
paper, with beautiful and durable binding, a long
series of the stories, copyright and non-copyright,
which everybody has heard of and could desire
Nothing of the kind has ever before been possible,
even in the days when book production has been
least expensive. To render it possible now it will
be necessary that each volume should have a sale
of hundreds of thousands of copies, and that many
volumes of the series should in due course find their
way into nearly every home, however humble, in
the British Empire.
The publishers have the utmost confidence that
this end will be achieved, for, already, in less than
four years that these books have been on the
market, upwards of forty million copies have beea
sold in Gieat Britain alone
The novels of the BaADEin Lnmary will be
selected by one of the most distinguished of living
men of letters, and a short biographical and biblio.
graphical note on the author and his works will be
appendedto each volume
EUGENE ARAM Lord Lytton
Sir Walter Soott
ADRIFT IN THE PACIFIC
THE MORALS OF MARCUS
ORDEYNE W. J. Locke
CARMEN Prosper M6rim6e
A CHRISTMAS CAROL and
THE CRICKET ON THE
HEARTH Charles Dickens
THE LAST DAYS OF
POMPEI Lord Lytton
UNCLE TOM'S CABIN
H. Beecher Stowe
LES MISERABLE (Fantine)
Mrs. Belloc Lowndes
HIS LADY (Manon Lescaut)
The Abbe Prevost
THE MILL ON THE FLOSS
LAMB'S TALES FROM
Charles and Mary Lamb
MR. MIDSHIPMAN EASY
THREE MEN IN A BOAT
Jerome K. Jerome
THE BLUE LAGOON
H. de Vere Stacpoole
BUTTERFLIES IN THE
RAIN 'Andrew Soutar
BEN HUR Lew Wallace
THE QUEEN'S NECKLACE
THE OLD CURIOSITY SHOP
(2 vols) Charles Dickens
E SWISS FAMILY
ROBINSON J. D. Wyss
GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES
SO BIG Edna Ferber
Thea von Harbou
LUCK OF THE KID
THE HUNCHBACK OF
NOTRE DAME Victor Hugo
SHE H. Rider Haggard
THE MAN IN THE
S TWILIGHT RidgwellCullum
THE CORAL ISLAND
R. M. Ballantyn
WHAT BECAME OF PAM
Baroness von Hutten
W. W. Jacobs
(Film Edition) Victor Hugo
THE TIME MACHINE
H. G. Wells
KING SOLOMON'S MINES
H. Rider Haggard
THE CONSTANT NYMPH
PAM Baroness von Hutten
THE GHOST TRAIN
Alexander and Ridley
ALICE IN WONDERLAND
THE BLACK PIRATE
ANDERSEN'S FAIRY TALES
CHICOT THE JESTER
TYPHOON Joseph Conrad
DON JUAN Inez Sabestien
H. Rider Haggard
THE THIEF OF BAGDAD
THE VIPER OF MILAN
Dunning and Abbott
ROMANCE Acton Davies
W. W, Jacobs
LA BOHEME Henri Murger
BARBED WIRE Hall Caine
THE CAT AND THE
CANARY John Willard
THE FIRST YEAR
F LEWIS CARROLL" (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson), English
mathematician and author, was the son of the Rev.
Charles Dodgson, Vicar of Daresbury, in Cheshire, where
he was born on the 27th January, 1832.
He was educated at Rugby, and afterwards went to
Christ Church, Oxford, where he matriculated in 1850,
and held a studentship from 1852 until 1870. When he
was twenty-two he took a first-class in fiial mathematics,
and in the following year was appointed mathematical
lecturer at Christ Church, and held that position until
When he was twenty-nine he was ordained deacon,
but, possibly on account of a slight stammer, he never
took priest's orders. His first published books were on
mathematics, in which he was always keenly interested :
A Syllabus of Plane Algebraical Geometry (1860) and
The Formulc of Plane Trigonometry (1861). But late in
1865 he broke into an entirely different realm of litera-
ture-by publishing Alice's Adventures in Wonderland,
under the name of "Lewis Carroll." He had a great
love of children, and the new book was the result of his
delight in their fondness for "make-believe" and their
sense of fun. The book was immediately successful, and
the name of Lewis Carroll became world-famous, but
the author would never allow himself to be identified
with either the one or the other. When questioned on
the subject he always said that "Mr. Dodgson neither
claimed nor acknowledged any connection with books
not published under his own name." As the only books
published under the name of Dodgson were on mathe-
matical subjects, this indefinite disclaimer led to a dual
literary existence which probably appealed to his sense
Dramatic versions of Alice's Adventures and of a later
book, entitled Through the Looking Glass (1871), have
enjoyed many revivals at Christmas time. It is now an
open secret that these books were the written versions
of stories told to little Alice Liddell, a daughter of Dean
Liddell, and thus she may be said to have inspired the
idea of them and been the original of the principal charac-
Alice was followed by Phantasmagoria (1869), The
Hunting of the Snark (1876), Rhyme and Reason (1883);
A Tangled Tale (1885), and Sylvie. and Bruno (in two
parts, 1889 and 1893).
While "Lewis Carroll" was delighting children of all
ages, C. L. Dodgson continued to publish mathematical
works. His fame as a mathematician largely rests on
Euclid and His Modern Rivals (1879) and Curiosa Mathe-
He died at Guildford, on the i4th January, 1898. A
cot in the Children's Hospital, Great Ormond Street;
London, was endowed by public subscription in per-
petuity to his memory. He may be said to have been
* one of the fairy-godfathers of all good children, and
therefore one of the most beloved of modem authors.
I DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE 13
2 THE POOL OF TEARS 31
3 A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE 48
4 THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL 64
5 ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR -85
6 PIG AND PEPPER -- 105
7 A MAD TEA-PARTY 127
8 THE, QUEEN'S CROQUET GROUND 148
9 THE MOCK TURTLE'S STORY 170
Io THE LOBSTER QUADRILLE 192
II WHO STOLE THE TARTS? '214
12 ALICE'S EVIDENCE 233
DOWN THE* RABBIT-HOLE
ALICE was beginning to get very
tired of sitting by her sister on the
bank, and of having nothing to do:
once or. twice she had -peeped into the
book her sister was reading, but it had
no pictures or conversations in it,, "and
what is the use of a book," thought
Alice, "without pictures or conversations ?"
1 4 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
So she was considering in her own mind-
(as well as she could, for the hot day made
.-her feel very sleepy and stupid) whether
Sthe pleasure of making a daisy-chain would
be worth the trouble of getting up and
picking the daisies, when suddenly a White
SRabbit with pink eyes ran close by her.
There was nothing so very remarkable in
that; nor did Alice think it so very. much
out of the way to hear the Rabbit say to
- itself,- "Oh dear! Oh dear! I shall be too
late !" (when she thought it over afterwards
it occurred to her that she ought to have
-wondered at this, but at the time it all
- seemed quite natural); but when the Rab-
bit actually took a watch out of its waistcoat
pocket, and looked at it, and then hurried
on, Alice started to her feet, for it flashed
across her mind that she had never before
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE 15
I '* '
She had never before seen a rabbit with a waistcoat-pocket.
-seen a rabbit with either a waistcoat-
pocket, or a watch to take out of it, and
burning with curiosity, she ran across the
field after it, and fortunately was just in
time to see it pop down a large rabbit-hole
binder the hedge.
SIn another moment down went Alice
~i~ ';,, t;"
She took down a jar from one of the shelves as she passed.
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE:- 17
after it, never once considering how in the
world she was to get out again.
The rabbit-hole went straight on like a
tunnel for some way, and then dipped
suddenly down, so suddenly that Alice had
not a moment to think about stopping
herself before she found herself falling down
a very deep well.
Either the well was very deep, or she fell
very slowly, for she had plenty of time as
she went down to look about her, and to
wonder what was going to happen next.
First, she tried to look down and make out
what she was coming to, but it was too dark
to see anything.; then she looked at the
sides of the well, and noticed-that they were
filled with cupboards and book-shelves:
here and there she saw maps and pictures
hung upon pegs. She took down a jar from
18 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
one of the shelves as she passed; it was
' labelled "ORANGE MARMALADE," but
to her great disappointment it was empty;
she did not like to drop the jar for fear of
killing somebody, so managed to put it
Into one of the cupboards as she fell past it.
"Well thought Alice to herself. "After
such a fall as this, I shall think nothing of
Stumbling down stairs How brave they'll
Small think me at home I Why, I wouldn't say
anything about it, even if I fell off the top
Sof the house I" (Which was very likely true.)
S Down, down, down. Would the fall
never come to an end? "I wonder how
Many miles I've fallen by this time?" she
said aloud. "'I must be getting some-
where near the centre of the earth. Let
me see : that would be four thousand miles
Down, I think-" (for, you see, Alice had
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOIE 19
learnt several things of this sort in her,
lessons in the schoolroom, and though this,
was not a very good opportunity for showing
off her knowledge, as there was no one to
listen to her, still.it was good practice to say
it over) "-yes, that's about the right dis-
tance-but then I wonder what Latitude
or Longitude I've got to ?" (Alice had no
idea what Latitude was, or Longitude
either, but thought they were nice grand
words to say.)
Presently she began again. "I wonder
if I shall fall right through the earth!
How funny it'll seem to ccme out among
the people that walk with their heads
downwards! -The Antipathies, I think-"
(she was rather glad there was no one
listening, this time, as it didn't sound at all
the right word) "-but I shall have to ask
-20 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
them what the name of the country is, you
know. Please, Ma'am, is this New Zealand
or Australia?" (and she tried to curtsey
as she spoke-fancy curtseying as you're
falling through the air Do you think you
could manage it ?) "And what an ignorant
little girl she'll think me No, it'll never
do to ask; perhaps I shall see it written up
Down, down, down. There was nothing
else to do, so Alice soon began talking
again. "Dinah'll miss me very much
to-night, I should think !" (Dinah was the
cat.) "I hope they'll remember her saucer
of milk at tea-time. Dinah, my dear, I wish
you were down here with me! There are
no mice in the air, I'm afraid, but you might
catch a bat, and that's very like a mouse,
you know. But do cats eat bats, I won-
Dowi THE- RABBIT-HOLE 21
der?" And here Alice began to get rather
sleepy, and went on saying to herself, in,
a dreamy sort of way, "Do cats eat bats?
Do cats eat bats?" and sometimes, "Do
bats eat cats ?" for, you see, as she couldn't
answer either question, it didn't much mat-
ter which way she put it. She felt that she
was dozing off, and had just begun tor dream
that she was walking hand in hand with
Dinah, and saying to her very earnestly,
"Now, Dinah, tell me the truth: did you
ever eat a bat?" when suddenly, thump!
thump down she came upon a heap of dry
leaves, and the fall was over.
Alice was not a bit hurt, and she jumped
up on to her feet in a moment: she looked
up, but it was all dark overhead; before her
was another long passage, and the White
Rabbit was still in sight, hurrying down it.
22 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
There was not a moment to be lost: away
went Alice like the wind, and was just in
time. to hear it say, as it turned a corner,
"Oh my ears and whiskers, how late it's
Getting !" She was close behind it when.she
Turned the corner, but the Rabbit was no
longer to be seen : she found herself in a long
Slow hall, which was lit up by a row of lamps
hanging from the roof.
There were doors all round the hall, but
they were all locked; and when Alice had
Been all the way down one side and up the
other, trying every door, she walked sadly
down the middle, wondering how she was
Sever to get out again.
Suddenly, she came upon a little three-
legged table, all made of solid glass; there
Swas nothing on it except a tiny golden key,
and Alice's first -thought was that it might
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE 23
belong to one of the doors of the hall; but,
alas either the locks were-too large, or the,
key was too small, but at any rate it would
not open any of them. However, the
second time round, she came upon a low
curtain she had not noticed before, and
behind it was a little door about fifteen
inches high: she tried the little golden key
in the lock, and to her great delight itfitted!
Alice opened the door and found that it
led into a small passage, not much larger
than a rat-hole : she knelt down and looked
along the passage into the loveliest garden
you ever saw. How she longed to get out
of that dark hall, and wander about among
those beds of bright flowers and those cool
fountains, but she could not even get her
head through the doorway; "and even if
my head would go through," thought poor
24 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
It was all very well to say "Drink me," but the wise little
Alice was not going to do that in a hurry.'
Alice, "it would be of very little use without
my shoulders. Oh, how I wish I could shut
up like a telescope! I think I could, if I
only knew how to begin." For, you see, so
many out-of-the-way things had happened
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE 25
lately, that Alice had begun to think that
very few things indeed were really
- There seemed to be no use in waiting by
the little door, so she went back to the table
half hoping she might find another key on
it, or at any rate a book of rules for shutting
people up like telescopes: this time she
found a little bottle on it ("which certainly
was not here before," said Alice), and round
its neck a paper label, with the words
"DRINK ME" beautifully printed on it
in large letters.
It'was all very well to say "Drink me,"
but the wise little Alice was not going to do
that in a hurry. "No, I'll look first," she
said, "and see whether it's marked 'poison'
or not"; for she had read several nice little
histories about children who had got burnt
26 ALICE. IN WONDERLAND
and eaten up by wild beasts, and many
other unpleasant things, all because they
Should not remember the simple rules their
. friends had taught them: such as, that a
- red-hot poker will burn you if you hold it
too long; and that, if you cut your finger
- very deeply with a knife, it usually bleeds;
S-and she had never forgotten that, if you
drink much from a bottle marked "poison,".
it is almost certain to disagree with you
sooner or later.
-However, this bottle was not marked
"poison," so Alice ventured to taste it, and
finding it very nice (it had, in fact, a sort
of mixed flavour of cherry-tart, custard,
Spine-apple, roast turkey, toffee, and hot
buttered toast), she very soon finished it off.
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE 27 .
"What a curious feeling!" said Alice.
SI must be shutting up like a telescope."
And so it-was indeed : she was now only
ten inches high, and her face brightened up
at the thought that she was now the right
size for going through the little door into
that lovely garden. First, however, she
waited for a few minutes to see if she was
going to shrink any further : she felt a little
nervous about this; "for it might end, you
know," said Alice, "in my going out alto-
gether, like a candle. I wonder what I
shall be like then?" And she tried to
fancy what the flame of a candle is like after
it is blown out, for she could not remember
ever having seen such a thing.
After a while, finding that nothing more
happened, she decided on going into the
garden at once; but, alas for poor Alice!
28 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
when she got to the door, she found she had
forgotten the little golden key, and when
she went back to the table for it, she found
she could not possibly reach it: she could see
it quite plainly through the glass, and
she tried her best to climb up one of the
table-legs, but it was too slippery; and
when she had tired herself out with trying,
the poor little thing sat down and cried.
"Come, there's no use in crying like that! "
said Alice to herself, rather sharply. "I
advise you to leave off this minute!"
She generally gave herself very good advice
(though she very seldom followed it), and
sometimes she scolded herself so severely
as to bring tears into her eyes; and once she
remembered trying to box her own ears for
having cheated herself in a game of croquet
she was playing against herself, for this
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE 29
curious child was very fond of pretending
to be two people. "But it's no use
now," thought poor Alice, "to pretend to
be two people i Why, there's hardly
enough of me left to make one respectable
Soon her eye fell on a little glass box that
was lying under the table: she opened it,
and found in it a very small cake, on which
the words "EAT ME" were beautifully
marked- in currants. "Well, I'll eat it,"
said Alice, and if it makes me larger, I can
reach the key; and if it makes me smaller,
I can creep under the door; so either way_
I'll get into the garden, and I don't care
She ate a little bit, and said anxiously to
herself, "Which way? Which way?" hold-
ing her hand on the top of her head to feel
30 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
-which way it was growing, and she was quite
surprised to find that she remained the
same size: to be sure, this generally
S happens when one eats cake, but Alice
had got so much into the way of
expecting nothing but out-of-the-way
things to happen, that it seemed quite
dull and stupid for life to go on in the com-
S So she set to work, and very soon finished
S off the cake.
THE POOL OF TEARS
" -URIOUSER and curiouser!"
cried Alice (she was so much sur-
prised, that for the moment she quite forgot
how to speak good English); "now I'm
opening out like the largest telescope that
ever was Good-bye feet !" (for when she
looked down at her feet, they seemed to be
almost out of sight, they were getting so
32 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
Just then her head struck against the roof of the hall.
far off). "Oh, my poor little feet, I wonder
who will put on your shoes and stockings
for you now, dears? I'm sure I shan't
be able! I shall be a great deal too
far off to trouble myself about you:
you must manage the best way you can
THE POOL OF TEARS 33
-but I must be kind to them," thought
Alice, "or perhaps th1y won't walk
the way I want to go! Let me see:
I'll give them a new pair of boots every
And she went on planning to herself how
she would manage it. "They" must go by
the carrier," she thought; "and how funny.
it'll seem, sending presents to one's own
feet And how odd the directions will look !
Alice's Right Foot, Esq.
near the Fender
(with Alice's love).
Oh dear, what nonsense I'm talking!"
Just then her head struck against the
roof of the hall: in fact she was now more
than nine feet high, and she at once took up
the little golden key and hurried off to the
34 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
Poor Alice It was as much as she could
do, lying down on one side, to look through
into the garden with one eye; but to get
through was more hopeless than ever : she
sat down and began to cry again.
"You ought to be ashamed of yourself,"
said Alice, "a great girl like you," (she
might well say this), "to go on crying in this
way! Stop this moment, I tell you "
But she went on all the same, shedding
gallons of tears, until there was a large pool
all round her, about four inches deep and
reaching half down the hall.
After a time she heard a little pattering
of feet in the distance, and she hastily dried
her eyes to see what was coming. It was
the White Rabbit returning, splendidly
dressed, with a pair of white kid gloves in
one hand and a large fan in the other; he
The Rabbit started violently and scurried away.
36 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
came trotting along in. a great hurry, mut-
tering to himself as he came, "Oh the
Duchess, the Duchess Oh! won't she be
savage if I've kept her waiting !" Alice
felt so desperate that she was ready to ask
help of any one; so, when the-Rabbit came
near her, she began, in a low, timid voice,
"If you please, sir- The Rabbit
started violently, dropped the white kid
gloves and the fan, and scurried away into
the darkness as hard as he could go.
Alice took up the fan and gloves, and, as
the hall was very hot, she kept fanning
herself all the time she went on talking:
S 'Dear, dear How queer everything is to-
day And yesterday things went on just as
usual. I wonder if I've been changed in
the night? Let me think : was I the same
when I got up this morning? I almost
THE POOL OF TEARS 37
-1.- "^ ^ '- ^
think I can remember feeling a little dif-
ferent. But if I'm not the same, the next
question is, Who in the world am I? Ah,
-that's the great puzzle!" And she began
thinking over all the children she knew that
were of the same age as herself, to see if she
could have been changed for any of them.
"I'm sure I'm not Ada," she said, "for
her hair goes in such long ringlets, and mine
doesn't go in ringlets at all; and I'm sure I
can't be Mabel, for I know all sorts of things
and she, oh she knows such a very little I
Besides, she's she, and I'm I, and--oh dear,:
how puzzling it all is I'll try if I know all
the things I used to know. Let me see:
four times five is twelve, and four times six
is thirteen, and four times seven is-oh
dear! I shall never get to twenty at that
rate! However, the Multiplication Table
38 ALICE IN
doesn't signify: let's try Geography. Lon-
don is the capital of Paris, and Paris is
the capital of Rome, and Rome-no, that's
all UT-ong, I'm certain I must have been
changed for Mabel I'll try and say 'How
doth the little-'' and she crossed her hands
on her lap as if she were saying lessons, and
began to repeat it, but her voice sounded
hoarse and strange, and the words did not
come the same as they used to do :-
"How doth the little crocodile
Improve his shining tail,
And pour the waters of the Nile
On every golden scale !
"How cheerfully he seems to grin,
How neatly spread his claws,
And welcomes little fishes in
With gently smiling jaws I"
THE POOL OF TEARS 39
"I'm sure those are not the right words,"
said poor Alice, and her eyes filled with
ears again as she went on, "I must be
.abel after all, and I shall have to go and
ive in that poky little house, and have
ext to no toys to play with, and oh ever
o many lessons to learn No, I've made
p my mind about it; if I'm Mabel, I'll
ay down here! It'll be no use their
cutting their heads down and saying 'Come
p again, dear!' I shall only look up and
ay 'Who am I then? Tell me that
st, and then, if I like being that person,
'11 come up : if not, I'll stay down here.till
'm somebody else'-but, oh dear !" cried
ice, with a sudden burst of tears, "I do
ish they would put their heads down!
Sam so very tired of being all alone here !"
As she said .this she looked down at her
40 ALICE IN WONDERAND
hands, and was surprised to. see that she
had put on one of the Rabbit's little white
kid gloves while she was talking. "How
can I have done that?" she thought.
"I must be growing small again." She
got up and went to the table to measure
herself by it, and found that, as nearly as
she could guess, she was now about two feet
high, and was going on shrinking rapidly :
she soon found out that the cause of this
was the fan she was holding, and she drop-
ped it hastily, just in time to avoid shrinking
"That was a narrow escape !" said Alice,
a good deal frightened at the sudden
change, but very glad to find herself still in
existence; "and now for the garden !" and
she ran with all speed back to the little
door: but, alas! the little door was shut
THE POOL OF TEARS 41
again, and the little golden key was lying
on the glass table as before, "and things are
worse than ever," thought the poor child,
"for I never was so small as this before,
never! And I declare it's too bad, that
it is !"
As she said these words her foot slipped,
and in another moment, splash she was up
to her chin in salt water. Her first idea
was that she had somehow fallen into the
sea, "and in that case I can go back by
railway," she said to herself (Alice had
been to the seaside once in her life, and had
come to the general conclusion, that where-
ever you go to on the English coast ycu
find a number of bathing machines in the
sea, some children digging in the sand with
wooden spades, then a row of lodging
houses, and behind them a railway station).
S42 -ALICE IN WONDERLAND
However, she soon made out that she was
in the pool of tears which she had wept
When she was nine feet high.
"I wish I hadn't cried so much !" said
Alice, as she swam about, trying to find her
.way out. "I shall be punished for it now,
I suppose, by being drowned in my own
tears! That will be a queer thing, to
be sure! However, everything is queer
Just then she heard something splashing
about in the pool a little way off, and she
swam nearer to make out what it was:
at first she thought it must be a walrus or
hiippopotamus, but then she remembered
how small she was now, and she soon made
out that it was only a mouse that had
slipped in like herself.
"Would it be of any use, now," thought
THE POOL OF TEARS 43
Alice, "to speak to this mouse? Everything
is so out-of-the-way down here, that I
should think very likely it can talk: at any
rate, there's no harm in trying." So she
began: "0 Mouse, do you know the way
out of this pool? I am very tired of swim-
ming about here, O Mouse (Alice -
thought this must be the right way of
speaking to a mouse: she had never done
Such a thing before, but she remembered
having seen in her brother's Latin Grammar
"A mouse-of a mouse-to a mouse-a
mouse--O mouse !" The Mouse looked at
her rather inquisitively, and seemed to her
to wink with one of its little eyes, but it
"Perhaps it doesn't understand English,"
thought Alice; "I daresay it's a French
mouse, come over with William the
44 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
Conqueror." (For with all her knowledge of
history, Alice had no very clear notion how
long ago anything had happened.) So she
began again: Oi est ma chatte ?" which
was the first sentence in her French lesson-
book. The mouse gave a sudden leap out
of the water, and seemed to quiver all over
with fright. Oh, I beg your pardon !"
cried Alice hastily, afraid that she had
hurt the poor animal's feelings. "I quite
forgot you didn't like cats."
"Not like cats!" cried the Mouse, in a
shrill passionate voice. "Would you like
cats if you were me?"
"Well, perhaps not," said Alice in a
soothing tone: "don't be angry about it.
And yet I wish I could show you our cat
Dinah: I think you'd take a fancy to cats
if you could only see her. She is such a
THE POOL OF TEARS
dear quiet thing," Alice went on, half to
herself, as she swam lazily about in the
pool, "and she sits purring so nicely by the
fire, licking her paws and washing her face
-and she is such a nice soft thing to nurse
-and she's such a capital one for catching
mice---oh, I beg your pardon!" cried
Alice again, for this time the Mouse was
bristling all over, and she felt certain it
must be really offended. "We won't talk
about her any more if you'd rather not."
"We, indeed !" cried the Mouse, who was
trembling down to the end of his tail. "As
if I would talk on such a subject! Our
family always hated cats : nasty, low vulgar
things Don't let me hear the name again !"
"I won't indeed !" said Alice, in a great
hurry to change the subject of conversation.
"Are you-are you fond-of-of dogs?"
46 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
The Mouse did not answer, so Alice went on
eagerly: "There is such a nice little dog
near our house I should like to show you-!
A little bright-eyed terrier, you know, with
oh, such long curly brown hair And it'll
fetch things when you throw them, and
it'll sit up and beg for its dinner, and all
sorts of things-I can't remember half of
them-and it belongs to a farmer, you
know, and he says it's so useful, it's worth
a hundred pounds He says it kills all the
rats and-oh dear !" cried Alice in a
sorrowful tone, "I'm afraid I've offended it
again!" For the Mouse was swimming
away from her as hard as it could go, and
making quite a commotion in the pool as
So she called softly after it, "Mouse
dear Do come back again, and we won't
THE POOL OF TEARS
talk about cats or dogs either, if you don't
like them !" When the Mouse heard this, it
turned round and swam slowly back to her:
its face was quite pale (with passion, Alice
thought), and it said in a low trembling
voice, "Let us get to the shore, and then I'll
tell you my history, and-you'll understand
vhy it is I hate cats and dogs."
It was high time to go, for the pool was
getting quite crowded with the birds and
animals that had fallen into it : there were
a Duck and a Dodo, a Lory and an Eaglet,
*and several other curious creatures. Alice
led the way, and the whole party swam to
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE
-T HY were indeed a queer-looking
I party that assembled on the bank-
the birds with draggled feathers, the animals
with their fur clinging close to them, and all
dripping wet, cross, and uncomfortable.
S The first question of course was, how
- to get dry again: they had a consultation
About this, and after a few minutes it
"Sit down, all of you, and listen to me."
50 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
seemed quite natural to Alice to find herself
talking familiarly with them, as if she had
known them all her life. Indeed, she had
quite a long argument with the Lory, who
at last turned sulky, and would only say,
"I am older -than you, and must know
better"; and this Alice would not allow
without knowing how old it was, and, as
the Lory positively refused to tell its age,
there was no more to be said.
At last the Mouse, who seemed to be a
Person of authority among them, called
out, "Sit down, all of you, and listen to me.
I'll soon make you dry enough !" They all
sat down at once, in a large ring, with the
Mouse in the middle. Alice kept her eyes
Anxiously fixed on it, for she felt sure she
:- ..would catch a bad cold if she did not get
dry very soon.
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE 51
"Ahem !" said the Mouse with an impo r-
tant air. "Are you all ready? This is the.-
driest thing I know. Silence all round, if you
please! 'William the Conqueror, whose cause
was favoured by the pope, was soon sub-
mitted to by the English, who wanted leaders
and had been of late much accustomed to
usurpation and conquest. Edwin and Morcar
the earls of Mercia and Northumbria-'"
"Ugh.!" said the Lory, with a shiver.
"I beg your pardon!" said the Mouse,
frowning, but very politely. "Did you
"Not I !" said the Lory hastily.
"I thought you did," said the Mouse.
"-I proceed. 'Edwin and Morcar, the earls
of Mercia and Northumbria, declared for him:
and even Stigand, the patriotic archbishop
of Canterbury, found it advisable-"'
52 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
"Found what? said the Duck.
"Found it," the Mouse replied rather
crossly: "of course you know what 'it'
"I know what 'it' means well enough,
when I find a thing," said the Duck: "it's
generally a frog or a worm. The question
is, what did the archbishop find?"
The Mouse did not notice this question,
Sbut hurriedly went on, "'-found it
advisable to go with Edgar Atheling to meet
William and offer him the crown.. William's
conduct at first was moderate. But the
insolence of his Normans-' How are you
getting on now, my dear?" it continued,
turning to Alice as it spoke.
"As wet as ever," said Alice in a melan-
choly tone: "it doesn't seem to dry me
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE 53
"In that case," said the Dodo solemnly,
rising to its feet, "I move that the meeting
adjourn, for the immediate adoption of
more energetic remedies-"
"Speak English!" said the Eaglet. "I
don't know the meaning of half those long
words, and, what's more, I don't believe
you do either!" And the Eaglet bent
down its head to hide a smile: some of the
other birds tittered audibly.
"What I was going to say," said the
Dodo in an offended tone, "was, that the
best thing to get us dry would be a Caucus-
"What is a Caucus-race?" said Alice;
not that she much wanted to know, but
the Dodo had paused as if it thought
that somebody ought to speak, and no
one else seemed inclined to say anything.
54 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
"Why," said the Dodo, "the best way to
explain it is to do it." (And, as you might
like to try the thing yourself some winter
day, I will tell you how the Dodo managed
First it marked out a race-course, in a
sort of circle, ("the exact shape doesn't
matter," it said), and then all the party
were placed along the course, here and there.
There was no "One, two, three, and away,"
but they began running when they liked,
and left off when they liked, so that it was
not easy to know when the race was over.
However, when they had been running half
an hour or so, and were quite dry again, the
Dodo suddenly called out "The race is
over!" and they all crowded round it,
panting, and asking, "But who has won?"
This question the Dodo could not answer
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE 55
without a great deal of thought, and it sat
for a. long time with one finger pressed upon
its forehead (the position in which you
usually see Shakespeare, in the pictures of
him), while the rest waited in silence. At
last the Dodo said "Everybody has won, and
all must have prizes."
"But who is to give the prizes ?" quite a
chorus of voices asked.
"Why, she, of course," said the Dodo,
pointing to Alice with one finger; and the
whole party at once crowded round her, call-
ing out in a confused way, Prizes Prizes "
Alice had no idea what to do, and in
despair she put her hand in her pocket, and
pulled out a box of comfits (luckily the salt
water had not got into it), and handed them
round, as prizes. There was exactly one
a-piece all round.
56 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
"But she must have a prize herself, you
know," said the Mouse.
"Of course," the Dodo replied very
gravely. What else have you got in your
pocket? he went on, turning to Alice.
"Only a thimble," said Alice sadly.
"Hand it over here," said the Dodo.
Then they all crowded round her once
more, while the Dodo solemnly presented the
thimble, saying "We beg your acceptance
of this elegant thimble;" and, when-it had
finished this short speech, they all cheered.
Alice thought the whole thing very
absurd, but they all looked so grave that
she did not dare to laugh; and, as she could
not think of anything to say, she simply
bowed, and took the thimble, looking as
solemn as she could.
The next thing was to eat the comfits:
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE 57
this caused some noise and confusion, as
the large birds complained that they could
not taste theirs, and the small ones choked
and had to be patted on the back. How-
ever, it was over at last, and they sat down
again in a ring, and begged the Mouse to
tell them something more.
"You promised to tell me your history,
you know," -said Alice, "and why it is y6u
hate-C and D," she added in a whisper,
half afraid that it would be offended again.
"Mine is a long and a sad tale!" said
the Mouse, turning to Alice and sighing.
"It is a long tail, certainly," said Alice,
looking down with wonder at the Mouse's
tail; "but why do you call it sad?" And
she kept on puzzling about it while
the Mouse was speaking, so that her idea
of the Itale was something like this:-
58 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
"Fury said to a
mouse, That he
met in the
house, 'Let us
both go to
law: I will
I'll take no
must have a
do.' Said the
mouse to the
cur, Such a
SI'll try the
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE. 59
"You are not attending !" said the Mouse
to Alice severely. "What are you thinking
"I beg your pardon," said Alice very
humbly: "you had got to the fifth bend, I
"I had not!" cried the Mouse, angrily.
",A knot !" said Alice, -always ready to
make herself useful, and looking anxiously
about her. "Oh,. do let me help to undo
"I shall do nothing of the sort," said the
Mouse getting up and walking away. "You
insult me by talking such nonsense !"
"I didn't mean it !" pleaded poor Alice.
"But you're so easily offended, you know !"
The Mouse only growled in reply.
"Please come back and finish your story"
Alice called after it. And the others all
60 ALICE IN WONDERLAND,
joined in chorus, "Yes, please do!" but
the Mouse only shook its head impatiently
'nd walked a little quicker.
"What a pity it wouldn't stay !" sighed
the Lory, as soon as it was quite out of sight;
and an old Crab took the opportunity of
saying to her daughter, "Ah, my dear!
Let this be a lesson to you never to lose
your temper !" "Hold your tongue, Ma!"
said the young Crab, a little snappishly.
"You're enough to try the patience of an
"I wish I had our Dinah here, I know I
do said Alice aloud, addressing nobody in
particular. "She'd soon fetch it back!"
"And who is Dinah, if I might venture to
ask the question? said the Lory.
Alice replied eagerly, for she was always
ready to talk about her pet: "Dinah's our
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE 6
cat. And she's such a capital one for
catching mice, you can't think And oh,
I wish you could see her after the birds!
Why, she'll eat a little bird as soon as look
This speech caused a remarkable sensa-
tion among the party. Some of the birds
hurried off at once: one old Magpie began
wrapping itself up very carefully, remarking
"Ireally must begetting home; the night-air
doesn't suit my throat!" and a Canary
called out in a trembling voice to its children
"Come away, my dears! It's high time
you were all in bed !" On various pretexts
they all moved off, and Alice was soon left
"I wish I hadn't mentioned Dinah!"
she said to herself in a melancholy tone.
"Nobody seems to like her, down here, and
62 ALICE N WONDERLAND
This speech caused a remarkable sensation among the party.
I'm sure she's the best cat in the world!
Oh, my dear Dinah! I wonder if I shall
ever see you any more !" And here poor
Alice began -to cry again, for she felt very
lonely and low-spirited. In a little while,
however, sh? again heard a little pattering
of footsteps in the distance, and she looked
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE 63
up eagerly, half hoping that the Mouse had
changed his mind, and was coming back to
finish his story.
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE. BILL
IT was the White Rabbit, trotting slowly
back again, and looking anxiously
about as it went, as if -it -had lost
something; and she heard it muttering
to itself, "The Duchess! The Duchess!
Oh my dear paws Oh my fur and whis-
kers-! She'll get me executed, as sure as
ferrets are ferrets! Where can I have
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL 65
" Run home this moment and fetch me a
pair of gloves and a fan I "
dropped them, I wonder!" Alice guessed
in a moment that it was looking for the fan
and the pair of white kid gloves, and she
very good-naturedly began hunting about
for them, but they were nowhere to be seen
-everything seemed to have changed since
66 ALICE IN WONDERLAND-
her swim in the pool, and the great hall,
with the glass table and the little door, had
Very soon the Rabbit noticed Alice, as
she went hunting about, and called out to
her in an angry tone, ."Why, Mary Ann,
what are you doing out here? Run home
this moment, and fetch me a.pair of gloves
and a fan Quick now !" And Alice was
so much frightened that she ran off at once
in the direction it pointed to, without
trying to explain the mistake it had made.
"He took me for his housemaid," she
said to herself as she ran. "How surprised
he'll be when he finds out who I am!
But I'd better take him his fan and gloves
-that is, if I can find them." As she said
this, she came upon a neat little house, on
the door of which was a bright brass plate
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL 67
with the name "W. .RABBIT" engraved
upon it. She went in without knocking,
and hurried upstairs, in great fear lest she
should meet the real Mary Ann, and be
turned out of the house before she had
found the fan and gloves.
"How queer it seems," Alice said to
herself, "to be going messages for a rabbit !
I suppose Dinah'll be sending me on
messages next!" And she began fancying the
sort of thing that would happen-: "'Miss
Alice! Come here directly, and get ready
for your walk!' 'Coming-in a minute,
nurse But I've got to watch this mouse-
hole till Dinah comes.back, and see that the
mouse doesn't get out.' Only I don't
think," Alice went on, "that they'd let
Dinah stop in the house if it began ordering
people about like that "
S 68 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
By this time she had- found her way into
a tidy little room with a table in th3 window,
and on it (as she had hoped) a fan and two
or three pairs of tiny white kid gloves:
she took up the fan and a pair of the gloves,
and was just going to leave the room, when
her eye fell upon a little bottle that stood
near the looking-glass. There was no label
this time with the words "DRINK ME."
but nevertheless she uncorked it and put it
Sto her lips. "I know something interesting
is sure to happen," she said to herself,
"whenever I eat or drink anything; so I'll
just see what this bottle does. I do hope
it'll make me grow large again, for really
I'm quite tired of being such a tiny little
It did so indeed, and much sooner than
Sshe had expected: before she had drunk
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL 69
half the bottle, she found her head pressing
against the ceiling, and had to stoop to save
her neck from being broken. She hastily
put down the bottle, saying to herself
"That's quite enough-I hope I shan't
grow any more-As it is, I can't get out of
the door-I do wish I hadn't drunk quite
Alas it was too late to wish that! She
went on growing and growing, and very
soon had to kneel down on the floor: in"
another minute there was not even room for
this, and she tried the effect of lying down
with one elbow against the door, and the
other arm curled round her head. Still
she went on growing, and, as a last re-
source, she put one arm out of the window,
and one foot up the chimney, and said to
herself "Now I can do no more, whatever
.70 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
happens. What will become of me ?
Luckily for Alice, the little magic bottle
had now had its full effect, and she grew no
larger: still it was very uncomfortable, and,
as there seemed to be no sort of chance of
her getting out of the room again, no
wonder she felt unhappy.
"It was much pleasanter at home,"
thought poor Alice, "when one wasn't
always growing larger and smaller, and
being ordered about by mice and rabbits.
I- almost wish I hadn't gone down that
rabbit-hole-and yet-and yet-it's rather
curious, you know, this sort of life! I
do wonder what can have happened to me !
When I used-to read fairy-tales, I fancied
that kind of thing. never happened, and now
here I am in the middle of one! There
ought to be a book written about me, that
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL 71
there ought! And when I grow up, I'll
write one-but I'm grown up now," she
added in a sorrowful tone; "at least there's
no room to grow up any more here."
"But then," thought Alice, "shall I
never get any older than I am now? That'll
be a comfort, one way-never to be an old
woman-but then-always to have lessons
to learn Oh, I shouldn't like that !"
"Oh, you foolish Alice !" she answered
herself. "How can you learn lessons in
here? Why, there's hardly room for you,
and no room at all for any lesson-books !"
And so she went on, taking first one side
and then the other, and making quite a
conversation of it altogether; but after a
few minutes she heard a voice outside, and-
stopped to listen.
"Mary Ann i Mary Ann said the voice,
72 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
"Fetch me my gloves this moment !"
Then came a little pattering of feet on the
stairs, Alice knew it was the Rabbit coming
to look for her, and she trembled till she
shook the house, quite forgetting that she
was now about a thousand times as large
as the Rabbit, and had no reason to be
afraid of it.
Presently the Rabbit came up to the door,
and tried to open it; but, as the door opened
inwards, and Alice's elbow was pressed hard
against it, that attempt proved a failure.
Alice heard it say to itself "Then I'll go
round and get in at the window."
"That you won't thought Alice, and,
after waiting till she fancied she heard the
Rabbit just under the window, she sud-
denly spread out her hand, and made a
snatch in the air. She did not get hold of
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL 73
anything, but she heard a little shriek and
a fall, and a crash of broken glass, from
which she concluded that it was just possible
it had fallen into a cucumber-frame, or
something of the sort.
Next came an angry voice-the Rabbit's
-"Pat! Pat! Where are you?" And
then a voice she had never heard before,
"Sure then I'm here Digging for apples,
yer honour "
"Digging for apples, indeed!" said the
Rabbit angrily. "Here Come and help
me out of this !" (Sounds of more broken
"Now tell me, Pat, what's that in the
"Sure, it's an arm, yer honour!" (He
pronounced it "arrum.")
"An arm, you goose Who ever saw one
74 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
that size? Why, it fills the whole window "
"Sure it does, yer honour: but it's an
arm for all that."
"Well, it's got no business there, at any
rate: go and take it away !"
There was a long silence after this, and
Alice could only hear whispers now and then
such as, "Sure, I don't like it, yer honour,
at all, at all!" "Do as I tell-you, you
coward!" and at last she spread out her
hand again, and made another snatch in the
air. This time there were two little shrieks,
and more sounds of broken glass. "What
a number of cucumber-frames there must
be I thought Alice. "I wonder what they'll
do next! As for pulling me out of the
window, I only wish they could! I'm
sure I don't want to stay in here any
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL 75
She waited for some time without hearing
anything more: at last came a rumbling of
little cart-wheels, and the sound of a good
many voices all talking together : she made
out the words : "Where's the other ladder?
Why I hadn't to bring but one; Bill's got
the other-Bill 1 Fetch it here, lad !-Here,
put 'em up at this corner-No, tie 'em
together first-they don't reach half high
enough yet-Oh! they'll do well enough;
don't be particular-Here, Bill! catch hold
of this rope-Will the roof bear?-Mind
that loose slate-Oh, it's coming down!
Heads below !" (a loud crash)-" Now, who
did that?-It was Bill, I fancy-Who's to
go down the chimney ?-Nay, I sha'n't!
You do it !-That I won't, then !-Bill's
to go down-Here, Pill! the master says
you've to go down the chimney I"
76 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
"Oh! So Bill's got to come down the
chimney, has he?" said Alice to herself.
"Why, they seem to put everything upon
Bill! I wouldn't be in Bill's place for a
good deal: this fireplace is narrow, to be
sure; but I think I can kick a little !"
She drew her foot as far down.the chim-
ney as she could, and waited till she heard
a little animal (she couldn't guess of what
sort it was) scratching and scrambling about
.in the chimney close above her: then,
saying to herself This is Bill, she gave one
sharp kick, and waited to see what would
S happen next.
The first thing she heard was a general
chorus of "There goes Bill!" then the
Rabbit's voice alone-" Catch him, you by
the hedge !" then silence, and then another
confusion of voices-"Hold up his head-
"There goes Bill I"
78 ALICE, IN WONDERLAND
Brandy now-Don't choke him-How was
it, old fellow? What happened to you?
Tell us all about it "
At last came a little feeble, squeaking
voice ("'That's Bill," thought Alice), "Well,
I hardly know-No more, thank ye; I'm
better now-but I'm a deal too flustered to
tell you-all I know is, something comes at
me like a Jack-in-the-box, and up I goes
like a sky-rocket!"
"So you did, old fellow!" said the others.
"'We must burn the house down !" said
the Rabbit's voice. And Alice called out as
loud as she could, "If you do, I'll set Dinah
There was a dead silence instantly, and
Alice thought to herself "I wonder what
.they will do next If they had any sense,
they'd take the roof off." After a minute
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL 79
or two, they began moving about again,
and Alice heard the Rabbit say "A barrow-
ful will do, to begin with."
"A barrowful of what?" thought Alice.
But she had not long to doubt, for the next
moment a shower of little pebbles came
rattling in at the window, and some of
them hit her in the face. "I'll put a stop
to this," she said to herself, and shouted out
"You'd better not do that again !" which
produced another dead silence.
Alice noticed with some surprise that the
pebbles were all turning into little cakes as
they lay on the floor, and a bright idea
came into her head. "If I eat one of thest
cakes," she thought, "it's sure to make
some change in my size; and, as it can't
possibly make me larger, it must make me
smaller, I suppose."
80 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
So she swallowed one of the cakes, and
was delighted to find that she began
shrinking directly. As soon as she was
small enough to get through the door
she ran out of the house, and found quite a
crowd of little animals and birds waiting
outside. The poor little Lizard, Bill, was
in the middle, being held up by two
guinea-pigs, who were giving it something
out of a bottle. They all made a rush at
Alice the moment she appeared; but she
.- ran off as hard as she could, and soon
found herself safe in a thick wood.
"The first thing I've got to do," said
Aice, to herself, as she wandered about in
the wood, "is to grow to my right size
again; and the second thing is to find my
way into that lovely garden. I think that
will be the best plan."
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL 81
It sounded an excellent plan, no doubt,
and very neatly and simply arranged; the
only difficulty was, that she had not the
smallest idea how to set about it; and,
while she was peering about anxiously
among the trees, a little shlarp bark just
over her head made her look up in a great
An enormous puppy was looking down at
her with large round eyes, and feebly
stretching out one paw, trying to touch her.
"Poor little thing said Alice, in a coaxing
tone, and she tried hard to whistle to it;
but she was terribly frightened all the
time at the thought that it might be
hungry, in which case it would be very
likely to eat her up in spite of all her
Hardly knowing what she did, she picked
S82 ALICE IN WONDERLAND.
up a little bit of stick, and held it out to the
Spuppy; whereupon the puppy jumped into
- the air off all its feet at once, with a yelp of
Delight, and rushed at the stick, and made
believe to worry it; then Alice dodged behind
a great thistle, to keep herself from being
run over; and, the moment she appeared
on the other side, the puppy made another
rush at the stick, and tumbled head over
heels in its hurry to get hold of it; then
Alice, thinking it was very like having a
game of play with a cart-horse, and expect-
ing every moment to be trampled under its
feet, ran round the thistle again; then the
puppy began a series of short charges at the
stick, running a very little way forwards
each time and a long way back, and barking
hoarsely all the while, till at last it sat down
a good way off, panting, with its tongue
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL 83
hanging out of its mouth, and its great eyes
This seemed to Alice a good opportunity
for making her escape; so she set off at once,
and ran till she was quite tired and out of
breath, and till the puppy's bark sounded
quite faint in the distance.
"And yet what a dear little puppy it
was!" said Alice, as she leant against. a
buttercup to rest herself, and fanned herself
with one of the .leaves. "I should have -
liked teaching it tricks very much, if-if
I'd only been the right size to do it! Oh
dear I'd nearly .forgotten that I've got
to grow up again! Let me see-how is it
to be managed? I suppose I ought to eat
or drink something or other; but the great
question is, what? "
The great question certainly was, what?
ALICE IN WONDERLAND
Alice looked all round her at the flowers and
the bladesof grass, but she couldn't see any-
thing that looked like the right thing to eat
or drink under the circumstances. There was
a large mushroom growing near her, about
the same height as herself; and, when she
had looked under it, and on both sides of it,
and behind it, it occurred to her that she
might as well look and see what was on the
top of it.
She stretched herself up on tiptoe, and
peeped over the edge of the mushroom, and
her eyes immediately met those of a large
blue caterpiller, that was sitting on the top
with its arms folded, quietly smoking a long
hookah, and taking not the slightest notice
of her or of anything else.
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR
THE caterpillar and Alice looked at
each other for some time in silence :
at last the Caterpillar took the hookah
out of its mouth, and addressed her
in a languid, sleepy voice.
"Who are you ?" said the Caterpillar.
This was not an encouraging opening for
a conversation. Alice replied, rather shyly,
?,~~ Y~ ~I
86 AL-CE IN WONDERLAND
;* -* *- -
."I-I hardly know, sir, just at present-at
least I know who I was when I got up this
I morning, but I think I must have been
changed several times since then."
"What do you mean by that?" said the
Caterpillar sternly. "Explain yourself!"
"I can't explain myself, I'm afraid, sir,"
S said Alice, "because I'm not myself, you
"I don't see," said the Caterpillar.
"I'm afraid I can't put it more clearly,"
Alice replied very politely, "for I can't
understand it myself to begin with; and
being so many different sizes in a day is
"It isn't," said the Caterpillar.
"Well, perhaps you haven't found it so
yet," said Alice; "but when you have to
turn into a chrysalis--you will some day,
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR 87
you know-and then after that into a
butterfly, I should think you'll feel it a
little queer, won't you?"
"Not a bit," said the Caterpillar.
"Well, perhaps your feelings may be
different," said Alice; "all I know is, it
would feel very queer to me."
"You !" said the Caterpillar contemp-
tuously. Who are you ? "
Which brought them back again to the
beginning of the conversation. Alice felt
a little irritated at the Caterpillar's making
such very short remarks, and she drew
herself up and said, very gravely, "I think
you ought to tell me who you are, first."
"Why?" said the Caterpillar.
Here was another puzzling question; and
as Alice could not think of any good reason,
and as the Caterpillar seemed to be in a
88 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
very unpleasant state of mind, she turned
"Come back!" the Caterpillar called
after her. "I've something important to
This sounded promising, certainly: Alice
turned and came back again.
"Keep your temper," said the Caterpillar.
"Is that all?" said Alice, swallowing
down her anger as well as she could.
"No," said the Caterpillar.
Alice thought she might as well wait, as
she had nothing else to do, and perhaps
after all it might tell her something worth
hearing. For some minutes it puffed away
without speaking, but at last it unfolded
its arms, took the hookah out of its mouth
again, and said, "So you think you're
changed, do you?"
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR 89
"I'm afraid I am, sir," said Alice; "I
can't remember things as I used-and I
don't keep the same size for ten minutes
"Ca'n't remember what things ?" said the
"Well, I've tried to say 'How doth the
little busy bee,' but it all came different !"
Alice replied in a very melancholy
"Repeat 'You are old, fatherr William,'"
said the Caterpillar.
Alice folded her hands, and began:-
"You are old, Father William," the young
"And your hair has become very white;
And yet you incessantly stand on your head-
Do you think, at your age, it is right ? "
90 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
" In my youth," Father William replied to
"I feared it might injure the brain;
But, now that I'm perfectly sure I have none,
Why, I do it again and again."
" You are old," said the youth, "as I men-
And have grown most uncommonly fat;
Yet you turned a baok-somersault in at the
Pray, what is the reason of that ?"
"In my youth," said the sage, as he shook his
"I kept all my limbs very supple
By the use of this ointment-one shilling the
Allow me to sell you a couple ?"
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR-- 91
"You are old," said the youth, "and your-
jaws are too weak
For anything tougher than suet;
Yet you finished the goose, with the bones and
Pray how did you manage to do it ?"
"In my youth," said his father, "I took to
And argued each case with my wife;
And the muscular strength, which it gave to
Has lasted the rest of my life."
"You are old," said the youth, "one would
That your eye was as steady as ever;
Yet you balanced an eel on the end of your
What made you so awfully clever ?"
Yet you balanced an eel on the end of your nose."
"I have answered three questions, and that is
Said his father; "don't give yourself airs.
Do you think I can listen all day to such stuff?
Be off, or I'll kick you down stairs i"
"That is not said right," said the
ALICE IN WONDERLAND
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR 93
"Not quite right, I'm afraid," said Alice,
timidly; "some of the words lave got
"It is wrong from beginning to end,"
said the Caterpillar decidedly, and there
was silence for some minutes.
The Caterpillar was the first to speak.
"What size do you want to be ?" it asked.
"Oh, I'm not particular as to size,"
Alice hastily replied; "only one doesn't
like changing so often, you know"
"I don't know," said the Caterpillar.
Alice said nothing: she had never been
so much contradicted in all her life before,
and she felt that she was losing her temper.
"Are you content now? said the Cater-
"Well, I should like to be a little larger,
sir, if you wouldn't mind," said Alice:
"three inches is such a wretched height to
"It is a very good height indeed !" said
the Caterpillar angrily, rearing itself up-
right as it spoke (it was exactly three inches
"But I'm not used to it !" pleaded poor
Alice in a piteous tone. And she thought
to herself, "I wish the creatures wouldn't
be so easily offended:!"
"You'll get used to it in time," said the
Caterpillar; and it put the hookah into its
mouth and began smoking again.
This time Alice waited patiently until it
chose to speak again. In a minute or two
the Caterpillar took the hookah out of its
mouth and yawned once or twice, and shook
itself. Then it g9t down off the mushroom,
and crawled away into the grass, merely
ALICE IN WONDERLAND
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR 95
Merely remarking as it went, One side will make you grow
remarking as it went, "One side will make
you grow taller, and the other side will
make.you grow shorter."
"One side of what? The other side of
what ? thought Alice to herself.
"Of the mushroom," said the Caterpillar,
just as if she had asked it aloud; and in
another moment it was out of sight.
96 ALICE IN WONDERLAND
Alice remained looking thoughtfully at
the mushroom for a minute, trying to make
out which were the two sides of it; and as it
was perfectly round, she found this a very
difficult question. However, at last .she
stretched her arms round it as far as they
i would go, and broke off a bit of the edge
with each hand.
"And now which is which?" she said to
herself, and nibbled a little of the right-hand
bit to try the effect: the next moment she
felt a violent blow underneath her chin:
it had struck her foot!
She was a good deal frightened by this
very sudden change, but she felt that there
was no time to be lost, as she was shrinking
'rapidly; so she set to work at once to eat
S some of.the other bit. Her chin was pressed
so closely against her foot, that there was.
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR :97-
hardly room to open her mouth; but she
did it at last, and managed to swallow a
morsel of the left-hand bit.
"Come, my head's free at last!" said
Alice in a tone of delight, which changed
into alarm in another moment, when she
found that her shoulders were nowhere.to
be found : all she could see, when she looked.
down, was an immense length of neck,
which seemed to rise like a stalk out of a
sea of green leaves that lay far below her.
"What can all that green stuff be?" said
Alice. "And where have my shoulders got
to? And oh, my poor hands, how is it
I can't see you ?" She was moving them
about as she spoke, but no result seemed to
"I'm not a serpent I" said Alice indignantly,
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR
follow; except a little shaking among the
distant green leaves.
As there seemed to be no chance of
getting her hands up to her head, she tried
to get her head down to them, and was
delighted to find that her neck would bend
about easily in any direction, like a serpent.
She had just succeeded in curving it down
into a graceful zigzag, and was going to dive
in among the leaves, which she found to be
nothing but the tops of the trees under
which she had been wandering, when a
sharp hiss made her draw back in a hurry:
a large pigeon had flown into her face, and
was beating her violently with its wings.
"Serpent [" screamed the Pigeon.
"I'm not a serpent!" said Alice indig-
nantly. "Let me alone "
"Serpent, I say again!" repeated the
ALICE IN WONDERLAND
Pigeon, but in a more subdued tone, and
added with a kind of sob, "I've tried every
way, and nothing seems to suit them!"
"I haven't the least idea what you're
talking about," said Alice.
"I've tried the roots of trees, and I've
tried banks, and I've tried hedges," the
Pigeon went on, without attending to her:
"but those serpents There's no pleasing
Alice was more and more puzzled, but
she thought there was no use in saying
anything more till the Pigeon had finished.
"As if it wasn't trouble enough hatching
the eggs," said the Pigeon; "but I must be
on the look-out for serpents night and day
Why, I haven't had a wink of sleep these
"I'm very sorry you've been annoyed,"
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR IO1
said Alice, who was beginning to see its
"And just as I'd taken the highest tree in
the wood," continued the Pigeon, raising
its voice to a shriek, "and just as I was
thinking I should be free of them at last,
they must needs come wriggling down from
the sky Ugh, Serpent !"
"But I'm not a serpent, I tell you !" said
Alice. "I'm a- I'm a- "
"Well! What are you ?" said the Pigeon.
"I can see you're trying to invent some-
"I-I'm a little girl," said Alice, rather
doubtfully, as she remembered the number
of changes she had gone through, that
"A likely story indeed !" said the Pigeon
in a tone of the deepest contempt. "I've