• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Advertising
 Table of Contents
 Editorial
 Correspondence with Canada
 Postage stamps of the Zemstvos
 Highlights of the mail to "Der...
 Appeals to the international committee...
 Famine in the Ukraine
 The Russian field posts in Finland...
 More ovals
 Philatelic shorts
 Review of literature
 The journal fund
 The collectors' corner






Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/00035
 Material Information
Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider
Series Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Canadian Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: Canadian Society of Russian Philately
Place of Publication: Toronto
 Subjects
Subject: Stamp collections -- Russia   ( lcsh )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076781
Volume ID: VID00035
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Advertising
        Advertising
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Editorial
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Correspondence with Canada
        Page 9
    Postage stamps of the Zemstvos
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
    Highlights of the mail to "Der Staats-Anzeiger"
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
    Appeals to the international committee of the Red Cross in Moscow
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
    Famine in the Ukraine
        Page 61
        Page 62
    The Russian field posts in Finland during WWI
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
    More ovals
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
    Philatelic shorts
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
    Review of literature
        Page 81
        Page 82
    The journal fund
        Page 83
    The collectors' corner
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
Full Text




aMIIHK


THE POST-RIDER

No. 35
November, 1994
The Canadian Society of Russian Philately

Printed in Canada


I 1





World of Coins & Stamps 420 Roncesvalles Ave, Toronto, Ontario M6R 2N2 (416) 533-5363
Canada.

"Born Again"

Stamps of The New Republics

Price List
All stamps are in mint- never hinged- condition unless otherwise described. For your convenience, the numbering
system is based in sequential order to date of issue (to the best of our knowledge) until a formal catalogue numbering
system is established by the major stamp catalogues.


Reference Description
ABHAZIA
1992
1-8 Overprinted USSR stamps ....................
9-11 Surcharges (2nd iss.) ...........................
12-14 Surcharges (3rd iss.) ...............................
15-17 Mountains, sun.....................................
17a Same, but rose instead of red.................
18-20a #15-17,17a overprinted........................
21-24 Eagle/Map .......................................
25-26 Flag/Coat of Arms .................................
27 Same s/s ...........................................
ARMENIA
1991
1 AT&T communications.....................
1992
2-4 Mount Ararat (s-t strip)..........................
5 Same, s/s ...............................
6-9 National symbols definitive ..........
10-13 Summer Olympics (s-t strip) ..................
1993
14 Aivazovski paintings (s/s).....................
15-17 National symbols definitive ...........
18 Garni palace.........................................
18a Same, min/s ....................... .............
19-22 Historical Heritage............... ............
23 Same, s/s ................................................
24-28 Nature views .........................................
AZERBAIJAN
1992
1 Flag, map ................................................
2 Seview............................ ..............
3-7 Surcharge on #2 (5 values) ...................
8-11 Tow er....................... ........ .............
1993
3a Booklet of 12 stamps.............................
12-19 Horses...............................................
20 Same, s/s .................................. .....
BELARUS
1992
1 Cross.................................... ............
2 Musician Shyrma...................................
3 Polotsk Coat of arms.........................
4-5 Coat of arms/Flag, map.......................
6 Overprinted #1 ..................................
7 Orthodox Church Anniversary(s/s) ..........
7a Same, imperforated (Scarce) ............
8-13 Buildings, towers.....................................
14-23 Coat of arms (Definitive) .... ..............
24-27 Ceramics .........................................
1993
28-31 Straw dolls...........................................
32 Writer Garetski......................................
33 Congress of Belarussians ....................
34-36 Coat of arms (definitive) ........................
BIROBIJAN-Jewish Republic
1992
I 9r- --- -
1-7 Overprinted USSR stamps...................
1-7a Complete set of 14 stamps ...............
1-7b Set of 7 crn blk(4 st)+neg. image............
1-7c Inscrip.Corner block of 6.......................


Price

EXP
EXP
EXP
EXP
EXP
7.00
6.50
8.00
25.00

9.00

6.00
25.00
3.50
7.00

12.00
3.00
2.00
15.00
12.50
12.00
19.50

9.50
EXP
15.00
8.00

9.00
14.50
9.50


1-7d Complete set of 7 sheets ......................
1993
8-10 "Big menorah'overprint (sheets) .............
CHECHEN
1992
1-5 Flag/Leader/President........................
1-5a Same, s-t strip ...................... ............
CRIME
1992
1-125 Overprinted USSR stamps....................
126-137 Overprints (2nd iss.)..............................
126-137a 12 s-t pairs (Horiz. and Vert) ..................
126-137b 3 centre blocks of 4...............................
1993
138-144 Overprints (3rd iss.)...............................
145-156 Overprints (4th iss.) s-t strip .................
157-168 Overprints (5th iss.) s-t strip....................
169-180 Overprints (6th iss.) s-t strip....................
181-184 Ukraine-Crimea-China ..........................
185 Same s/s ...............................................
185a Same s/s imperf ....................................
Sevastopol (Crimea)
1993
1-20 Overprinted USSR stamp (s-t strips).......
21-23 Surcharges 15,25,50...............................
24-26 210 Anniversary overprints ...................
27-29 Surcharges 25,35,50.............................
ESTONIA
1991
1-9 Coat of arms..........................................
8a-9a Coil singles with control number .............
10-11 Flag/map ...............................................
1992
12-15 Coat of arms (PP,E,R,I,A) .....................
16-18 Olympics ........... .............................
19-21 Coat of arms(2nd iss.) PP,E,I,A...............
22-24 Coat of arms (ppX) coil .........................
22-24a Same, with control number ...................
25-28 "Mare Balticum" (birds) pane ..................
25-28a Same, booklet of 2 panes .....................
28b Booklet with counting mark ...................
28c Booklet with plate number.......................
28d Booklet with cylinder numb...................
28e Booklet with plate & cyl. numb ...............
29-31 Coat of arms (ppZ) coil..........................
29-31a Same, with control number ...................
32-33 Christmas ..............................................
1993
34 Coat of arms (60s) ................................
34a Same, with control number ...................
35 Valentine's day single .........................
35a Same, booklet of 6 st ...........................
36-38 Independance anniversary....................
39 Surcharge "0.60' on #03 .......................
40-41 Coat of arms: 10s, 50s ............................
42-44 Sports, Baltic Games ............................
45-46 Coat of arms (high value) 5k, 1 0k...........
47-48 Europa-CEPT.................... .............
49 1st Est. stamp anniv. .............................
50-51 Christmas ..............................................
52 Authoress Koidula .................................
Continued on inside ba


0.40
0.60
0.60
0.80
0.50
1.00
20.00
2.00
1.00
1.00

2.75
1.00
4.00
3.50

9.50
35.00
65.00
90.00


220.00

175.00

600
8.00

120.00
8.00
24.00
35.00

4.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
9.00
12.00
15.00

15.00
200
2.50
300


7.50
12.00
5.00

600
4.00
5.00
200
6.00
200
4.00
550
&00
7.00
11.00
4.00
11.00
200

0.75
250
1.25
7.00
600
0.50
0.95
350
7.50
EXP
EXP
EXP
EXP
ck cover.







THE CANADIAN SOCIETY
OF RUSSIAN PHILATELY


P.O. Box 5722, Station "A",
Toronto, Ontario, M5W 1P2
Canada


"THE POST-RIDER" No. 35.


November 1994.


Contents:


2 Editorial
9 Correspondence with Canada
10 Postage Stamps of the Zemstvos
22 Highlights of the Mail to "Der Staats-Anzeiger"
56 Appeals to the International Committee of the Red Cross in Moscow
61 Famine in the Ukraine
63 The Russian Field Posts in Finland during WW1
68 More Ovals
72 Philatelic Shorts
81 Review of Literature
83 The Journal Fund
84 The Collectors' Corner


Andrew Cronin
Alex Artuchov
Matt Hedley
Ivo Steyn
Andrew Cronin
Alexander EpStein
Rabbi L.L. Tann


Coordinators of the Society: Alex Artuchov, Publisher & Treasurer
P.J. Campbell, Secretary
Andrew Cronin, Editor
Rabbi L.L.Tann, CSRP Representative in
the United Kingdom.

The Society gratefully thanks its contributors for making this an interesting issue.

)1994. Copyright by the Canadian Society of Russian Philately. All rights reserved. All the contents
of this issue are copyright and permission must be obtained from the CSRP before reproducing.



















EDITORIAL
Wearing blinkers

Years ago, ye olde editor was at a meeting of collectors in our fields of interest, where a
person present stated that he would not touch the Soviet period, for purely political
reasons. Variations on the same theme have been heard and read ever since. After all, it is
a free country, as the saying goes, but your editor has never let politics interfere with his
collecting activities. He thinks it a great pity when people let their phobias and/or
paranoias, however justified, obscure their philatelic judgement.

It is far more rewarding to examine how political circumstances affect the philately of
particular areas in our fields of collecting. The recent collapse of the Soviet Union has
now furnished us with many such instances. For example, let us consider the case of the
Moldavian SSR, which comprised of much of the Imperial province of Bessarabia, as well
as the Moldavian ASSR on the left bank of the Dniester river. During the Soviet period,
the main language spoken there was Moldavian, i.e. Roumanian, but written in the
Cyrillic alphabet. With their declaration of independence in 1991, the Moldavian authorities
decreed that the only official language would be Roumanian, in short a reversion to the
Latin alphabet. A most ill-advised decision, as a good third of the population spoke other
and mainly Slav languages. The inevitable result was some very serious outbreaks of
ethnic violence, with innocent people being killed and leading to the formation of the
Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika or PMR (Moldavian Republic of the Dniester
Area), with its capital at Tiraspol'/Tiraspil'. The sovereignty of this republic, which now
also contains many Slav refugees from Moldavia proper, has been buttressed by the
presence of some 10,000 officers and men of the Russian 14th. Army, commanded by
Lieut.-Gen. Aleksandr 1. Lebed. He is half-Ukrainian by birth.

The area controlled by this latter republic corresponds in some degree to the former
Moldavian ASSR of 1924-1940 and it is mainly populated by Bulgarians, Russians and
Ukrainians to form the Slav component, as well as some Moldavians. Philatelically, the
formation of the PMR has led to an interesting situation. Until recently, it was using the
postage stamps of independent Moldavia, but since 31 December 1993 it has officially had
its own issues, valid only for destinations within its own territory. Mail going abroad has
still to be franked with Moldavian stamps, but it seems likely that the PMR will come to an
arrangement with neighboring Ukraine about international transmission. Incidentally, the

2 THE POST-RIDER/HMIIHK No. 35
November, 1994





Moldavian currency is now the leu, equal to 1000 former Russian roubles, while the PMR uses
old Russian rouble banknotes, which have been revalidated by affixing a sticker showing the head
of Generalissimo Count Aleksandr Vasil'evich Suvorov (1730-1800), the greatest Russian soldier
(see the illustration herewith).

There have been some ill-intentioned comments about the PMR issues being printed in Moscow
and that this whole business is nothing but a Muscovite philatelic plot. That is just so much
poppycock, as the main reasons for the existence of the PMR are political, not philatelic. Three
languages are official in the PMR: Russian, Ukrainian and Moldavian, such that the last language,
written in Cyrillic, still survives there, although it no longer exists in Moldavia proper. All three
languages have appeared on issues of the PMR and official notices in Russian about the latter are
appended here as a matter of historical interest. It is up to CSRP readers to decide whether or not
to collect them.

Nobody knows what the future has in store for the Commonwealth of Independent States.
However, two factors seem clear. Firstly, the former Soviet Union was, in essence, a huge
Common Market. Secondly, the newly sovereign republics are finding out to their increasing
horror just how hideously expensive it is to be independent.








/100


THE POST-RIDER/RMIIDIK No. 35
November, 1994


I_500_





IIPY~HECTPOBCKAH MOJIABCKAF PECHI-VY KA


2 ceHTR6pI 1990 r. TeppMTopLs MOJIPOBU Ha JleBOM 6epery AHecTpa
(r.TMpacnojib,BeHfapbs M nrTb paOHOB c qeHTpaMn B Pu6HHqa, rpmro-
pHononb,KaaMeHKa,).y6occapb,Cao6o03se) nposriamaeTca IIpH2FecTpOBCKOo
MonpaBcKoI Pecny 6IKoft.Hs6paH nlpesMAeHT,BepxoBHHA COBeT,lpaBHTex3bCTBO,
YHKIHOHHpY3T BCe HeO6XOfMbJe CTpyKTYpU JIA noXjTetrecxoro H eKOHOtmo-
ecxoro ynpaBneeHHV.rocyYapcTBeHHe sb I -MOjnaBcKHf (Ha pHjzni3me),
pycCKHWM yHpaMHCKHM.CTOJIMqa r.THpacnonb.
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CBH83,MHHOpMaTMKM M cpeACTB MaCCOBO MHH(OpMaLaqH.
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TeppMTOPMH IpMAHeCTpOBbR C 21 5eBpaji 1994 .sanpemeHO HCrOXbsoBaHMe
Mapox MOX OBN PAJIX BHYTpeHHeg KOppeCnOHgeHLt4H B IMP B CBHSM C BBeieHH-
eM F1OCTaTOtHOrO KxonJIHeCTBa Mapox IIMP.MapKH MoosJIOBUr TapwPHiNe
mTeMnesji HCnoJbayrSTCI AIH nOT TOBbIX OTnpaBJIeHmA sa upelgejiri IEM P.
C BBegeHMeM B MoXlOBe co6CTBeHHOR BajiOTb (IJIEY=IOO BAH=I000 PYB)
c geKa6pH I993r. Ha Tepp~TOpWH lIMP BBOArrTC co6cTBeHHse peHeiEue
SHaKw PYBJIL (6blBmUe B ynoTpedineHHI AleHeHNie SHaw8K CCCP HaKIeeHHOR
Mapxog "CYBOPOB"M cooTBeTCTBy6Uyr W HOMHHAJI),o6MeHHN$A KYpC ~ JIR nOuTOBIX
oTrrpaBleH;in 1000 PYB = I JIEY.

roiTroBbie BbnYCKEH lIpHFeCTpOBCKOf Mo0AaBCKO Pecny6ajiH.

1993. 31 ~eKagpR.IlepBMA cTaHgapTHUN BNnYC
PMc.r.BpoH3a,des sY6tqoB,6es KJIeH,olHOtqBeTHie.PasMep
PMCYHKa 18x23 MM.6yMara eTH4eTo Haa.BrBYmieHH TOIbKO
B ntCTax nro 12 MapOK M TpH KynOHa c H8AIrmcbD Ha
MOIaaBCKRM,pyCCKOM H YKpaMHCNOM 8R3Kax "7iepBue
nOTOBbie MapKM IIMP",Ha noJsX JMHCTa "IIpHlHecTpOBCHKa
MojlAaBCKaH pecny6jbHa,I993 roA".
W I 12 py6. Fep6 IIpmfAHecTpoBCKO MoxAaBcKTo Pecny6, Hxx,rojxy6a
Ha CBeTjo-pojy60oM mOHe.

THpax: 30480 .IHCTOB (365760 MapoK).OTneqaraHn Ha TmpacnojbCKOR a(D6-
pwme obceTHOR neTaTH.
B qeHb BunycKa B 18 OTleneHHH CBHSSH r.Tmpacnoxn TTposOBOIzIocb
rameHme "HepBbt eleHb" BbnymeH KOHBepT nepBoro fHR.MapxK HCnoJIbSYDTCe
TOnbKO Ain OTrpaB3IeHMH? B npegexax TeppHTOopM IMP.
4 THE POST-RIDER/MMIIIHK No. 35
November, 1994






1994. 12 eBpana. XVII 3SMH1E OJAMMtClKHE PMPH B JMIEXAMMEPE.
MHoroeqBeTHbe,sy6t.I3,pasMep 53x31,5 MM.


12. 72 (py6) A JiMK (HaAnrCb "0 rnopT- TU MMp!)Ha MOm3IaBCeOM
RsI e).
M3. 72 (py6) XOKKeMCT (HawnMCb "OcnopT-T~ Mp!P! Ha pycCxOM
aHeKe).
04 72 (py6) KoHbKo6e5ete (HaArHcb "0 CnOTp-TB MAp! Ha v paiH-
CKOM nasKe ).
05 I000+250(pv6) BHaTiOHnHT.nrOTOBUrI 6xox,pasMep I0070 MM.


TMpan:Mapox no 50 TJc.eK3.,63oKa -25 Tb1c.sKs.BurnmeH KOHBepT nep-
BOrO F H B OC ThpacnoXb-18 rpOBO1IOCb cr netrameHee.
1994. 21 $eBpaxa.BTOPO0 CTAH)APTHbI BIYCK.
loBTopeHMe pmcyHKa,cnoco6a HSfaHMR H CnojbsOBaHHe
6YMarM B COOTBeTCTBHM C MapKOft WI.


96.
97.
M8.
P9.
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20 py6
30 py6
60 py6
100 py6
200 py6


KopMnIeBaR,Ha CBeTeo-meXTOM ojHe
CBeTio-xopMiHieBas,Ha cepOM $OHe
KpacHan, Ha cBeTJxo-KpacHOM ,oHe
sejeHan,Ha CBeTNo-sejeHOM $OHe
MaJIHHOBaR,Ha CBeTXO-MajxHOBOM 0OHe


T1pam: 148,8. 163,3. 162,96. 163,2. 163,2. TuC.eKS.MapEKH MSaHN
B noJocxax no 10 MapoK n no 4 MapxK c mecTbo KYnoHaMM Ha KOTOpUX
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CKOi op0ceTHOR a6pKne.0tH aMibHOR ropeseHTarHM He rpOMBBOAMiOCb.




CocTaBJieHO no coo6meHHi HaqTajibHm a oTrexa
noqTOBORf CBSM lIMP Jl.H.OnpR
Note that the official signing this press release has a Moldavian surname (Oprea).
lIporpaMMa M3AaHHs nouTOBbfX MapOK Ha 1994 ropA npepycMaTpBaeT:
50-aerTe OCBo6orAeHHR r.Tipacnox.z OT anIm4CTOB( I MapKa),$ayHa nPMA-
HeCTpOBbS (4 Mapnm4 M 6Ino),naMwTr A.C.nymKVHa ( I Mapxa),nacxajsbHHr
BbirmYC ( I Mapna), sanoBemFHK KoJIKaTOBaqn daJna (4 MapM Mm 6JIO).


THE POST-RIDER/JIMIIIHK No. 35
November, 1994


1







PEnyBJIHKA MOJIAOBEHRCK3 HMCTPRH3


12 .12


1993 roA


Marginal inscriptions L to R are in Russian, Moldavian and Ukrainian.


THE POST-RIDER/HMHIIJK No. 35
November, 1994


'i '.-<-,.







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-IOLTOBAPl KAPTOQKA

S iOTEPEA 6 Y); OTAEnEhK C3p3ti I 4
*~- -- t' A,.-


Special postmark and cachet for the International Chess Tournament in memory of A.S. Lutikov
(a typical Bulgarian surname), held at Tiraspol' on 10 January 1994.

Cneqma nbHube raI eHMn V KOHiepTbTl epboro ni .


lIP


First day of issue 31 December 1993 of the PMR definitive stamps.


THE POST-RIDER/IMIIHII
November, 1994


no. -J


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LILLEHAMMER

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AMAAeXAMMeP



. 199 4


THE POST-RIDER/HfMIUIK No. 35 (see also pp. 76-77).
November, 1994


- --c------ -- _____ L


E ~~~1' ? "
1 1







CORRESPONDENCE
WITH CANADA




"Correspondence with Canada" is a regular feature of this
journal. Anyone possessing interesting Russian mail to B
Canada is invited to share it with the readership by 1 .
forwarding a photograph or xerox copy of the item to -i
the Editor, along with some explanatory text.




Sank QZ n felqi Sza e WISSA )^
.e. 'CLCRAPmIC ADDRCS. ROSCOMBAMK M6SSOWl







8:. !1 'i' r .. ---- --1---- *-----------------i___________






AN EVACUATION COVER FROM KUIBYSHEV
by Andrew Cronin.

It is highly doubtful that any other country could have withstood and turned back the massive onslaught of the
Nazi invaders endured by the Soviet State in the second half of 1941. Adolf Hitler announced his final drive
against Moscow on 2nd. October and the Soviet government decided ten days later to evacuate immediately
to Kuibyshev on the Volga (formerly Samara until 1935 and some 800 km./500 miles ESE of Moscow) a large
number of offices and institutions. A state of siege was proclaimed in the capital on 19th. October and by the
end of that month about two million inhabitants had been evacuated One month later, the Wehrmacht was 24
km./15 miles west of Moscow and it was the grimmest moment in the German-Soviet War.

The cover shown here was sent by the Bank of Foreign Trade of the USSR from its new location, the 50-kop.
foreign surface rate being paid by Soviet stamps cancelled KUIBYSHEV OBL. SORT. UZEL KUIB. OBL.
31 (sic). 11.41.13 v (Kuibyshev Provincial Sorting Point, Kuibyshev province). Addressed to the Royal Bank in
Montreal, it bears on the back a violet impression of the earliest type of Soviet censorship cachets, inscribed
"Coat of Arms / PROSMOTRENO / Voennoi Tsenzuroi / 299" (Examined by Military Censorship, No. 299).
On arrival in Canada, it was censored by DB/C.47 in Ottawa, before being delivered in Montreal.

THE POST-RIDER/HMIIIHK No. 35 9
November, 1994









POSTAGE STAMPS ISSUED BY THE ZEMSTVOS
By Alex Artuchov
(Luga, continued from No. 34)

FIRST EDITION (June 1877)

6. 5 kop. milky blue RRR
(4? known)
SECOND EDITION (November 1877)

7. 5 kop. blue, dark blue 12.00

THIRD EDITION (1878)

8. 5 kop. prussian blue RR
(? known)


1878- 1882
23.5 x 28.5 mm lithographed on white paper, white gum, crown and coat of arms is
embossed, 6 types, perforated 12.5, 2 editions.








FIRST EDITION (1878)
Sheet unknown, apparently printed in 2 groups with top group inverted, transfer block of
3 x 2 with 6 types, the types differ in the position of the corer numerals, on white paper
0.12 mm thick.

9. 5 kop. indigo or dark lilac blue 2.00

SECOND EDITION (1881)
On yellowish white paper 0.1 mm thick, only single copies known.

10. 5 kop. lilac blue R
(23 known)






10 THE POST-RIDER/51lIIIHK No. 35
0 November, 1994









1883
Similar to previous issues, star and inscription is larger, the shield is wider and the crown
has 2 blue lines cut deeply into the top, the stamps are separated by thin lines, 24 x 28.75
mm lithographed 0.1 mm thick, shiny white gum, crown and coat of arms embossed,
sheet of 7 x 8, perforated 10.


11. 5 kop. dark blue, blue


4.00


VARIETY: White spot on letter K of JIYX CKAFO, 11th stamp on the sheet.


1885
Similar to previous issue, star with 7 rays, corer numerals thin and with a long neck, 23.5
x 28 mm, lithographed on white paper 0.12 mm thick, dull brownish yellow gum, crown
and coat of arms embossed, sheet unknown, perforated 12.5 .


12. 5 kop. indigo blue with a metallic sheen


2.00


VARIETIES:
A. Large white spot next to the star on the right.
B. Short white lines cut across the top and bottom framelines.
C. A white vertical line from the shield through the A in the word Y't3JA.
D. A white vertical line across the stamp to the right of the shield.
E. A short white line is attached to the letter A of the word JIY)KCKAFO.
F. Embossed twice.
G. Embossing shifted 1.5 mm .


1886- 1889
Issued to reflect lowered postal rates, 22.75 x 28.75 mm, lithographed on smooth white
paper 0.07 mm thick, white gum, perforated 11.75, 2 editions.


THE POST-RIDER/HMII(HK No. 35
November, 1994









FIRST EDITION (July 1886)
Sheet of 11(?) x 13 with inverted stamps on the 8th and 9th horizontal rows, known
perforated horizontally.


13. 3 kop. rose red
FIRST EDITION ROSETTE


2.00
SECOND EDITION ROSETTE


SECOND EDITION (January 1888)
Plate improvements, small rosettes at the sides of the 3 are damaged and deformed, white
paper with watermarked vertical lines with the watermark barely visible on some of the
stamps and still others known with the watermark diagonally, the largest known block is
10 x 13 and is without any margins or any inverted stamps, transfer block of 3 x 2.


14. 3 kop. brick red


8.00


THE LARGEST KNOWN BLOCK

1 2 3 1 2 31 2 3 1
4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6 4
1231231231
1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2


1 2 3 4 5 6 4 5 6 ?
1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3
4 4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6
1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1
4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 6 4
1 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 3
4 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 6


VARIETIES:
A. Damaged A in MAPKA, 3rd stamp in transfer block.
B. Damaged MA in MAPKA, 5th stamp in transfer block.






2 THE POST-RIDER/IMIIHK No. 35
November, 1994








1890
Similar to earlier issues, corer numerals larger, changed design of rosettes, the lines of
the background are coarser, 23.25 x 29 mm lithographed on white or yellowish white
paper 0.06 mm thick, shiny white gum, largest known block is 18 x 11 and is without
margins, transfer block of 4 x 4, perforated 11.5.

NEW ROSETTE
MI: +

0


15. 3 kop. red


1.00


1894 (January)
New value for registered mail, lithographed on white or yellowish white paper 0.08 mm
thick, largest known block 8 x 7 with margin on the left side, transfer block of 5 x 2 with
minor differences, left numerals of value appear to have been hand drawn and vary from
stamp to stamp, perforated 11.5 and known imperforate vertically.


16. 7 kop. dark blue


2.00


1900
Designed by Liadov and printed by Poliakov in St. Petersburg, 35.25 x 22.5 mm ,
lithographed on yellowish white paper 0.12 mm thick, dull yellowish or dark brown gum,
sheet of 10 x 10 with a transfer block of 2 x 4, perforated 11.5 and known with a variety
of perforation errors.




Ft". APHK-O


THE POST-RIDERI/MIIIHK No. 35
November, 1994








17. 3 kop gray blue


PROOFS
On smooth white paper 0.0 mm thick, no gum, imperforate, printed in sheets of 2 x 2.
- 3 kop blue
- 3 kop. dark green
- 3 kop. violet
- 3 kop. red

THE TRANSFER BLOCK WITH 8 TYPES

1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2
3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4
5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6
7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8
1 2 1 2 1 2 12 21 1 2
3 4 3 4 3 4 34 43 3 4
5 6 5 6 5 6 16 5 5 6
7 8 7 B 7 8 8 7 7 8
1 2 1 5 6 2 1 2 5 6
3 4 3 7 8 4 3 4 7 8


THE 8 TYPES
Type 1 Tiny dot in letter 3 of YTb3RA.
Type 2 Dot between letters YFb of YT-b3JA.
Type 3 Dot on the top left of the letter bl of the word InOHTbI.
Type 4 Dot over the letter C of the word 3EMCKOR.
Type 5 Dot to the left of the letter M of the word MAPKA.
Type 6 Dot to the left of the letter Ij of the word L'BHA.
Type 7 Extra dot after 1I of the word KOn .
Type 8 Dot to the left of the O of 3EMCKORI, dot under JI of JIY)KCKATO.


-VYIb
Type 2.


bl'\
Type 3.


THE POST-RIDER/HMHIIK No. 35
November, 1994


Type
Type 1.


C


Type 4.


0.50










Type 6.


n 1 /0
Type 7. T


1918
Issued after the revolution by the District Sovdep (Soviet Deputats), printed by the 13th
Government Printing Bureau, typographed on thin white paper, 6 different values in
different designs, sheet of 22 x 10 with all values printed on the same sheet, each of the
horizontal rows was as follows:
5+5+5+5+5 K +3+3 R +1+1+1 R +50+50+50+50+50 K +5+5 R+O10+10+JO10+10K
(Underlined and Italic means inverted)


THE SHEET



l


18. 5 kop. dark blue and light green
19. 10 kop. red brown and brown yellow
20. 50 kop. yellow brown and light yellow brown


THE POST-RIDER5IMIIIHK No. 35
November, 1994


SM
SType 5.


JI
/pe 8.









21. 1 ruble brown and yellow


22. 3 rubles green and light yellow brown

23. 5 rubles dark green and light green


SCHMIDT\CHUCHIN CATALOGUE CROSS-REFERENCE:
The stamps are listed identically by both catalogues but, the 1918 issues are not listed in
the original edition of Chuchin.




MALMYZH
MAJIMb1DK
(Viatka Province)


Malmyzh is a small river port located in a far south central portion of the province. The
population in 1900 was about 3,500.

The town was engaged in trading along the Volga and tributary river system. Cereal grains
and hemp were grown here. There was also paper-making and the fashioning of drapes,
ropes and cords.

Malmyzh issued stamps between 1869 and 1897.

Coat of Arms Colours
Top: Golden background with a dark gray cloud and an outstretched hand wearing a blue
shirt holding a brown bow and arrow and a red cross.
Bottom: Blue-green background with a dark gray bird.


THE POST-RIDER/IMIUIHK No. 35
November, 1994









1869 1870
20.5 x 14 mm, lithographed on white paper, imperforate, 2 editions.




FIRST EDITION (End of 1869)
Thin yellowish white paper 0.03 mm thick.

1.2 kop. red RRRR
(2 known)
SECOND EDITION (May? 1870)
Grayish yellow paper 0.04 mm thick, white gum, sheet unknown, sheet unknown but
largest known block is 2 x 4 and is from the top right of the sheet.

2. 2 kop. carmine rose 200.00


1870
Similar to previous edition, inscription in block letters, 19.75 x 14 mm, lithographed on
white paper, shiny brownish yellow gum, sheet of 4 x 5 imperforate, 2 stamps with
differences in the paper.

On smooth grayish white paper 0.07 mm thick.

3. 2 kop. red 25.00

On watermarked paper with horizontal lines spaced 7 7.5 mm apart.

4. 2 kop. red 45.00

1875
Similar to previous but larger in size and with wavy lines in the background, 23.5 x 17.5
mm lithographed on white paper 0.06 mm thick, white gum, sheet of 4 x 6, imperforate.



.5



5. 2 kop. red 12.00


1876- 1884
18 x 24 mm, lithographed, imperforate, 2 editions.


THE POST-RIDER/IMIHMK No. 35
November, 1994





















FIRST EDITION (1876)
White paper 0.09 mm thick, space between stamps is 1.25 mm sheet is unknown, on
some stamps the curved inscription has some of the letters connected to each other by
lines.

6. 2 kop. black 3.00

SECOND EDITION (1884)
Coloured paper 0.06 mm thick, space between stamps is 1.25 2.0 mm, sheet of 7 x 3 ,
the stamp is 0.5 mm narrower than the first edition, all of the letters in the curved
inscription in the bottom left are connected to each other.

7. 2 kop. black on lilac rose paper 2.00


1887- 1894
Similar to the previous issue but with a coarser network in the background, larger
inscription, wavy outer frameline is omitted, 16.5 x 22.75 mm, lithographed on various
papers, imperforate, 4 editions.

FIRST EDITION (1887)
Coloured paper 0.04 mm thick, the paper is lighter on one side and the stamps were
printed on both sides, no gum, sheet of 7 x 3.

8. 2 kop. black on dark blue paper 2.00

SECOND EDITION (1888)
Yellowish white paper 0.08 mm thick, gray yellowish gum, space between stamps is 1.25
mm and is 1.5 mm in the centre of the sheet, sheet of 10 x 4.

9. 2 kop. lilac rose 0.50

10. 2 kop. indigo blue 0.50


THE POST-RIDER/IMIIIHK No. 35
November, 1994









THIRD EDITION (1894)
Yellowish white paper 0.1 mm thick, rough white gum, sheet of 4 x 4, space between
stamps is 1.75 2.0 mm.


11. 2 kop. brown red


1.00

1.00


FOURTH EDITION (Sept. 1897)
Stiff smooth yellowith white paper 0.12 mm thick, smooth yellowish gum, sheet of 5 x 4.


13. 2 kop. dark brown lilac


1.50


SCHMIDT/CHUCHIN CATALOGUE CROSS- REFERENCE:


SCH 1
CH 1

SCH
CH


MALOARCHANGELSK
MAJIOAPXAHFEJIbCK
(OREL PROVINCE)


12. 2 kop. blue


THE POST-RIDER/IMlll4K No. 35
November, 1994









Maloarchangelsk is located in the south central portion of the province some 50 miles
from the capital city of Orel. In 1870, its population was about 4,000.

Maloarchangelsk was one of the poorer communities of Orel province. Only patches of
ground in an otherwise marshy area were suitable for the raising of corn. Timber and peat
mining were other major, economic activities.

Maloarchangelsk issued stamps between 1869 and 1880.


Coat of Arms Colours
Top: Blue background with white castle and gray eagle with a gold crown.
Bottom: Golden background with an archangel dressed in blue and carrying a red shield
slaying a black demon


1869
Round handstamp with a 29 mm diameter and no indication of value, on white or
yellowish white paper 0.12 mm thick, thin white gum, the colour varies from black to light
gray depending upon the pressure of the handstamp and the amount of ink, sheet of 11 or
12 x 9, the sheets were divided into squares by lines drawn in pencil and with each square
receiving one impression, the first stamp had the 5 kop. value written by hand,
imperforate.










1. 5 kop. (value handwritten) light gray to deep black RRRR
(2 known)

2. 5 kop. (no indication of value) light gray to deep black 5.00

1876
Round handstamp 22.5 mm in diameter with inscription in outside ring and 5 kop. in the
centre, on white paper 0.12 mm with the embossed impression of the Demidov paper mill,
sheet into 96 square in an 8 x 12 configuration by pencil or ink, one impression per square,
inverted impressions are known but are extremely scarce, printed in varying shades of blue
depending upon the pressure applied and the amount of ink used, without gum or brown
gum, imperforate.



0 THE POST-RIDER/HIMIHK No. 35
November, 1994















3. 5 kop. blue


This issue has been divided into 3 categories:
1. White paper, squares ruled in pencil, no gum.
2. White paper, squares ruled in pencil, brown gum.
3. Thick white paper, squares ruled in ink, white gum,
According to Lavrov, Schmidt wanted a copy of the third category for the Berlin Museum
but, his attempts to locate the the stamp were curtailed by WW II.

1880
Similar to previous issue but with a smaller diameter of 18.5 mm, lithographed on white
paper 0.07 mm thick, yellowish white gum, sheet unknown, 7 types, imperforate.


4. 5 kop. black


R
(16 known)


Forgeries: Forgeries exist on stiff white paper 0.07 mm thick and on grayish white paper
0.1 mm thick. They have a diameter of 17.5 mm and the inscription is larger and longer.

1884
According to Schmidt a reprint was prepared in order to satisfy the demands of collectors
just as this zemstvo post was contemplated to close, a red handstamped version of the
1869 issue is known on quatrille watermarked paper 0.06 mm thick, white gum,
imperforate.

5. 5 kop. red (no value indicated)

SCHMIDT\ CHUCHIN CATALOGUE CROSS-REFERENCE:


3 4
3 4
(continued in No. 36)


THE POST-RIDER/IMIIHK No. 35
November, 1994


SCH
CH


2.00






HIGHLIGHTS OF THE MAIL TO "DER STAATS-ANZEIGER"
by Matt Hedley.

Further to the introductory article on this subject in "The Post-Rider" No.34, pp. 76-78 by our editor and me,
I am now setting out below the details of further selected items in this category from the considerable number
of examples that I have been able to accumulate over the years.

As stated earlier, such mail was generally posted during the tragic years of the introduction of collectivisation
and undoubtedly contained appeals from ethnic Germans in the USSR for help. One card featured hereunder
specifically makes such a request, while other supplicants were grateful to receive copies of"Der Staats-
Anzeiger", published in Bismarck, North Dakota, USA, although Soviet exchange controls prevented them
from being able to subscribe to the paper. Another noteworthy point, is that there were then districts in the
USSR which were compactly settled by Germans and, in one instance, the designation of a Ukrainian postal
code by a sender has permitted the listing of all the other codes in that particular area and bearing place-names
of German origin. In short, the collection and classification of such postal markings and other aspects of the
postal history are also an important contribution to the theme of GERMANICA, i.e. philatelic material
relating to Germany and the German people. Let us now examine some pieces in detail.

A. Mail from the A.M.C.C.P. (Moldavian ASSR 1924-1940, which was the forerunner of the
Moldavian SSR).


The above cover was sent from Bergdorf 29.10.29 by Ernst & Christina Schmitt and received in Bismarck.
I have another cover of the same period, with the 14-kop. Lenin stamp from the same set and
sent by Christina Schmitt, but the date of the postmark is indistinct (1929?).


22 THE POST-RIDER/MIMIIHK No. 35
November, 1994






Covers from the Moldavian ASSR.


A cover from Alex Wannenberg in Vishnya (?), sent through the post office at Birzula 26.3.32.


November, 1994
J .\ ii,_ i ,.,






..' ,.. .








A cover from Neudorf, sent by Ludwig Schlepp through an adjoining post office at Pavlovka in the Odessa
region 7.5.30 and hence outside the MoldavianASSR.
THE POST-RIDER/IMIIJ1K No. 35 23
November, 1994


r 7;- .. -:' :













One of a series
of 1933 covers
sent by Rudolf
Schiffer from
Neudorf
23.1.33 and
franked at the
current 15-k.
foreign
surface rate.


- Covers from the Moldavian ASSR. -"- --- _


L ,



,2 -- 7--
*4 b/L9/^ / 4*'L




\^,;-~ U~l5Ap{^ c^-_--


nA A~z~' d' -- i'-1 -- -c ~i
44;td


S4:- -..








i K ,:._..-.7o-- / xpyr. '.
1J- X
., -+-.+St =.a ,.. .+'. +
I TKMN















Moldavian ASSR and paid at the current 14-kop. foreign surface rate.
Moldavian ASSR and paid at the current 14-kop. foreign surface rate.


THE POST-RIDER/IlMIHIHK No. 35
November, 1994


N










Another cover
from Jakob Aal
in Marienberg,
again sent
through the
Stavrovo post
agency -.5.30.
Moldavian
ASSR and
paid at the
14-kop.
foreign
surface rate.


B. Mail from specific German-speaking enclaves in the Ukraine.
(1) The Gross-Liebental district, for which the subsequent Ukrainian postal codes were assigned
in the Odessa region, as follow:-
299-Y-1 : Gross-Liebental 299-Y-7 : Mariental Note: 1 am showing hereunder a cover from
(Spartakovskii) 299-Y-8 : Lenintal Neuburg, which was sent through the post
299-Y-2: Franzfeld 299-Y-9 : Neuburg office at Gross-Liebental and another example
299-Y-3 : Karlstal 299-Y-10: Alexandrogol'f from Karlstal, which was posted in Odessa.
299-Y-4 Freudental 299-Y-11: Akkarzha MTS See p. 26.
299-Y-5 Peterstal 299-Y-12: Akkarzha stn. MTS = Machine & Tractor Station.
299-Y-6 Josefstal 299-Y-13: Klein-Liebental
(2) The Karl Liebknecht district of the Nikolaev/Mykolaiv region.
The designation of a Ukrainian postal code by a German-speaking sender enables us to look up all the postal
codes in the 1932 Manual issued in Khar'kov, as assigned to this enclave, namely:-


305-Y-1 : Landau
(Svyatopokrovskoe)
305-Y-2 : Miinchen (!)
305-Y-3 : Rohstadt
305-Y-4 : Mikhailovka
305-Y-5 : Worms
305-Y-6 : Waterloo
305-Y-7 : Rohrbach


305-Y-8 : Katerinental
305-Y-9 : Speer
305-Y-10: Karlsruhe
305-Y-11: Johannestal
305-Y-12: Sulz
305-Y-13: Halbstadt
305-Y-14: Schonfeld


Note: For covers from this
district, please refer
to pp.27-29.


THE POST-RIDER/HIMIlIHK No. 35
November, 1994


~s~






jF .Covers from the Gross-Liebental district. [:- ..7,,






-.:1










:- : .. ,- ....- ;Z


-. 7
.-:. .- cover. e 'r-.--- a nd sn ... tepstofca.-. t G s "e--



/' =....!









A cover from Andreas & Eva H.hn in Neuburg and sent through the post office at ross- Liebental
.. ...- : ._ L =' : : :. .. .'
[ .. .. -,u'--:l, : ,=,. .-- .# r : ,, -,, ee r -_-..<: .,_
S" ,::- --. =" '". .,. = ." .. '-" -"--. .
[ "'*;'" :, : "'" =' ._...# ..- ;~-----=-~:'" "='"' :
,. : : ... .. :.,-,,, ....., .. .. .. ',. ._. .: ..,, .. .
[,-.Y :,,'. .":.']:, :" : -.-" .'"-: ." ".. .. ": -*
-~ .... ~: ~ ". : I ... ,... -. .. .. -.. =. -- .. .-.--
A cve f-omAnres Ev Hhnin euur ad sntthouh te os ofic a GossLibeta


13.3.3's


A,4pec omnpaemwne.: __ _...._ ........... -
-. . -- .




A cover from Rudolf Becker in Karlstal, but sent through Odessa G.P.O. 12.5.30.

26 THE POST-RIDER/IMII~MIK No. 35
November, 1994


- 'I -


* ~ a


r .7
Kyr i $ as rrnr CIc.
A u~bo~~t RE SI&(1*OITX. M o0AAC- wit erpyrs.
a AJI CTMM I qA 11rKA rWQN0 wme e~gssoo Anporm) r

saAJ. C-la A* xeaA-p

YA fi-a xa ;I

jUOAP-O6U0* XMXK &0 8abi

..... ..._


,-*


f-
-
-I






Covers from the Karl Liebknecht district.


A cover from Friederika Nikolaus in Rohrbach and sent through the Worms post office 4.3.32,
with a transit marking of Kolosovka, 7.2(sic).32.
_W..____. .- 1 g


K
F


L 4






.:;Ll vv T" T-1~


Another cover from Rika (Friederika) Nikolaus, giving her Ukrainian postal code as 305-Y-7
(Rohrbach), but actually posted at Syatopokrovskoe/Landau, 1.6.33 (code: 305-Y-1).



THE POST-RIDER/~IMII[HK No. 35
November, 1994


"







0 7: :7.I-jA

.. : ". ;; : :-*' s



A cover from Friednch
Frank von Georg in
Worms, sent through- -
the Yuzhnograd
(Berezovka) p.o 7 --1
13.11.29 and paid f-'or ''"*
-' :
at the current 14-kop
foreign surface rate ." .; -"...-.



Covers from the Karl e disri.
-_Cover. from theKa ,-l .nh di.r.c'-


' g .~ -


I4 /K' A& lf

dtBrN Y$z.aP4e~


.Jtif~e


w5~-


vt\
The above is
thought to be
a censor
marking
applied in
SMoscow.


A registered cover with a 15-kop. stamp missing and sent by Louise Brunnmeier in Worms
20.3.33, with a known oblong cachet in French, saying that the article had been received
in Moscow with the seams badly glued.
THE POST-RIDER/AMIMIHK No. 35
November, 1994


^


:,:


^'


~--~4"














: Another cover from
neoaHMeHoiae Necra, rAe HazonATcu nomra, in o6nacrauil pa -H 'pla. Friednrich Frank von
SA.'l "CTaHP 0HMCHOBaSHMIC a Opsoi aoporH (_ ieorg in Worms,
S'.;Sent this time from
', panR, ce.1 t he post office at
I'.ye.. or
azp^I nZ cH...4Hl-a^.e~otH ~ ) Sf\atopokrovskoe
S.' .": -. :" (Landau) 9.5.33.
0 "l"p sen froma Friedc ank von
S;.T-:,o / -" &' / .7.. / -.' L.- -. ...,.--..-"::.-. ..;, 2-.:..
-, -;..:;~,"-" .-.44

SopOo HaHsoanHHe a peedra



Adpenso Le2sad
Covers from the Karl Liebknecht district.







y .-a :... .... .. .. ... .. ...... .... .. ... ...................'.... '... .
HaHneHo e aH t M ecT, rAe HayO l"HTer noITa M 06naTH Mr pan, A cover from
2:'- .- a.na CTa-uHi:-Ma memOBaHMot mtne3Hoa .opor. f -. -
Ambosi evw m n n y Karolina March
.. .. .. .. .. .. ..... ... .. .. -..... ...-_... ...... in W orm s, but

......Coffice in Odessa
ynomab, 19 94Aa H upWf
o y : .... ... ... .. .......... ... ..
..... "" ..........
n0Apo noe Haumenosanme aAprtaTa



Adpec omnpasg. .



(3) The Selz district of the Odessa region, also known as the Friedrich Engels district.
298-Y-1 : Selz/ Zel'tsy 298-Y-6 : Karpovo Note that Mikhailovka is a very common place-
(Uspenskoe) 298-Y-7 : Elsass name in the Slav world and we can already see
298-Y-2 : Kandel 298-Y-8 : Mannheim that there was one each in the German-speaking
298-Y-3 : Strassburg (!) 298-Y-9 : Mikhailovka Karl Liebknecht and Selz districts, in the Nikolaev/
298-Y-4 : Baden 298-Y-10: Sekretarka Mykolaiv and Odessa regions respectively.
298-Y-5 : Ambrosievo See pp. 30-32.
THE POST-RIDER/AIMI I HK No. 35
November, 1994 2






,:- Covers from the Selz/Zeltsy district.





S A cover from
; .... ..... Ha eHosanHe Mecra, r~e-naxo -sa nooqTa, .i ,o6acTm Mun. icpan, -:. -.-._A--_
a C TanH l eHoBaHe .ee3Hofl opor .. ,- -'Josef & Peter

.-p .. ...;... _At- -L Da e.o n i epeBH .. Baden and
-j i. '* r ^+ 't F- e" T; ; ~ : posted at the
-YaH 14 -"oia I T Y-.Zel'tsy/Selz
S"/r post office



'A. .. .O p' ,. .. .- ,..-
I -



.. -- n:pa _. ni '... :^ -- .... ,_i1 ."-,-.----- .....~-
:6 cs'f-eece


''
r

C '~anaartlmm
rr
;;
------,
i''i
r"b
Ji
n
1 ~3
''
a
I

).S
cl
hi
1 tr
u
--LI--


1i





r N


I'm.








'4








4


A


S






S~'.- I.






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THE POST-RIDERI .MIIH4K No.35
November, 1994
^ I ^
^ ^ *^/
X '*'*










^' "' ."' ft >








November, 19941


^'


A registered cover from Joachim
Mastel in Elsass, mailed at the
Selz p.o. in June 1933 and
showing on the back a known
oblong marking in French to say
that the article had been
received in Moscow with the
seams badly glued; now thought
to be a censorship marking.


- --


-


30









30






Covers from the Selz/Zel'tsy district.














#, *








One of a series of covers sent by Ludwig Stroh in Kandel through the post office at Zel'tsy/Selz
(Uspenskoe) 22.5.33. _____________











;, ---.->- '*--'.< -"/ .:/-..7 "-/9.7 :. ::^ *' -'Noembe-, 1994
-. -.. .- ~ I



/-" li ,-




i;-







A cover from Georg Haselmann, mailed from Selz 26.3.32.


THE POST-RIDER/IMIIMK No. 35 31
November, 1994




























Yef &^f/^^^^ e./- y^ o/^^^ i^ Z^W


A registered cover from Selz, with the postmark reading ZEL'TSY FRID. ENGEL. R- a ZEL'TSI
7.1.34. Shown here for completion only and sent by Ferdinand MUller to Great Falls, Montana.

(4) From other German settlements in the Ukraine.
(a) The Berezovka (Yuzhnograd) district of the Odessa region:-



4 -T
.. .'- : -- -





i- i.; ,, r ,,- -.,
-":""+"^- 4 s -t



.. ,.= ... .' -. .% .. ..."
.:- .-. ; -..- _- --'-






t--


A cover from Christ. Fromm in Berezovka, sent through the p o at Yuzhnograd 24. 1.33.


THE POST-RIDER/IMIIIHK No. 35
November, 1994







Covers from the Berezovka district.
-.'' A. '. ''* __ __ __ __ __ _
A. *' T. -


r i
" Mecro
A tna mapiK
-I


Kya: ....
HallMelOBaHle MecTra rAe iiaxoliTC1H 11Ol
a A fl CTaHUH11 -HaHMeHOBaHHe 1H


/ ..................." 1.. .. /


A ...... ......r.........
V vauia, J noma u* KsapThp/

,Ko.y :._ .. ... -. ....
noApo6Hoe HaHMeHoBaHue-_ampecaTa

%- -, .

AOpec omnpaeame a .. J ,li- -.- ----------- t- /..3 .
A c .o.er ro m ,van ( o..ha..n.n... .N ...ze.in...k..
.... ............... ... ..............

A ovr rm va ( han)Neize i erzoka1. .33-.


A cover from Ivan (Johann) Neitzel in Berezovka 11.3.33.


I ______-- ------"
A cover from Daniel Schack in Helenental (postal code 297-Y-8), mailed at the
p.o. in Berezovka 14.4.33.

THE POST-RIDER/IMII[HK No. 35
November, 1994


/ i
Vi


ro


j


*;









it~9914Z1


3 ;. 9f (.--.


01.f


N~L


~/ j
._/(7 -


A cover from Yuzhnograd 20.2.33, sent by Julius Gimbel.


(b) The Festerovo district in the Odessa region.


THE POST-RIDER/HIMIIHK No. 35
November, 1994


xizS


-e/7/1














SA cover from
1 August Heffner

and sent through
Sthe post office at
-" -Festerovo
S10. 12.31 at the
correct reg'd
foreign surface
rate (35 kop.).







C Covers from the Festerovo district -

-Y-








.-e, 29
.-- ,f. .. .: .. -. -:l '.. i 1 ;'














*4?
.. '.-.. y. -. ,- .. *. .,- *.




A registered cover from Friedrich Strieben in Neu-Peterstal, sent f-om Festerovo 7.3.32.






THE POST-RIDER/ M -K No. -. :"'-35 3'. ;




November, 1994
Noemer 1994?






















., ,' : .' A -



.36 Nv -'K, -1

J 6..J. 6





A reg'd foreign surface letter, underpaid by 4 kop. and sent by L.F. Zauner in Kassel throui
the p.o. at Grosulovo on 15.4.30.
... ---. -. ...i .. *,-.------ .- -- ,. -- 7--' -


I-I

""'? -." -. .. .. '.. .' "; 1_- '-_


",, -," .. *, .- ,- -.- i r ^ .- .^- ^ .-- ,* -
i'---


THE .-: -OST-J; DEV :No."







6- ,oember- 1 9
.. .. -
i-









A oe. s.- eletter from


~~~- I~ .'
4 -,


~r41








(d) Mail from the city of Odessa





BO1TOBA RAPTRA




-a3Ba Micu e u ICTmca sou a 6aci o oKpyr
a cAAImCiw*-si a aa' SItend)-

.. ..r ... .....
.a"- .oA, cew
... .; .. ;-





.-'-.' -." : A a H a a ipecaira)



WO DnOiOBy kaprvy niiau:Cn mThC noU Mefl YhapalHChKio PCCn)iiii..
S, -PEc y f'IIC 06.sB' anno pOU CbhO0.- MOBOIQ. -
-. -. ". .








his subscrption for him : Sent from t O a O n 2





.. .. ..Noe..,- 1. .. 9.






-o,
.- -- .-:-^- :._-. ,-. ..... .































A card from Dr. Fritz Herrmann, regretting that he had no relatives in the U.S. who could pay
his subscription for him. Sent from the Odessa G.P.O. on 5.12.31.


THE POST-RIDER/MIK.... No. 35 37
November, 1994
his susrpinfrhm en rmteOes ..._ on; 5. 12.3 .

THE:- POT=IDE/III/ o 53
Novemer 1994






Covers mailed from the city of Odessa.


S" -o .. .-. .. ," .,r" .-",' .' -.y. .d..'_f" --. "










74. I

. ^- .:'. .- .. -:' -- .' ." .; ." -. _"



-- rl ^



-.-'
,.. /Z










A registered letter sent b K. Bart ftrom Odessa 22-Y-1 and dated 22 7.32.





























(postal code 302-Y-1 5), p.o. Sychavka (postal code 302-Y-1 9), but mailed at Odessa-5,
22.4.33 (postal code 24-Y-5).

38 THE POST-RIDER/JSMIIHK No. 35
November, 1994


^ *s





Mail from the city of Odessa
,-


JUL4 T3'


d//.J.4- 6'StL .7a /co^Io .~Y -" ^W


A foreign surface letter sent at the correct 15-kop. rate by Waldemar Klein from Odessa
22-Y-1 on 16.6.33.
(e) Covers from the Suvorovo/Suvorove district of the Odessa region.


THE POST-RIDER/HIMIIHK No. 35
November, 1994


A foreign surface letter sent by Adolf Schell in Alexanderfeld through the p.o. at Suvorovo/
Suvorove-a on 4.5.30.


'-"


..T


l 4ACr


j 5 i< On


/tt~ r%
~~t~~L~_~
/i~,~cr L~P~Le~ ~ ~U,~


444


/^f'Cd^ ^z


IZV~




Mail from the Suvorovo/Suvorove district






Ar7n
: "a ,-m

'.. '" V--




-;o




x 0






Another foreign surface letter sent by Jakob Oswald in Hoftfhungsburg through the p.o. at
Suvorovo/Suvorove 7.3.32.
(f) Mail from the Tsebrikovo district of the Odessa region.







'Ky :P
*'f :- ,~ .- MI=X.. .. -._ .o - a.,-L-1 &-o -:- 'Sri
7:i



I: ..-.- .. -- "- --











k,'













"i "c I uCxaen .esa Ki xpn mo -Pec y6h ec me- cz -o6e i33 3 poci '-xo "-- "om I





A foreign surface letter from Wilhelm & Elisabeth Bamberger in Hofffiungstal, sent through the
p.o. at Tsebrikovo-a, 19.10.29.
40 THE POST-RIDERIMHIIK No. 35
.November, 1994
No.. 199 .4: -.
2 : .-" .... ...t.. .. ,:" ,

Ano" e .o eg "=',-':. "-te --n -y Jaaw l .:: -."-'-.7=ur .'-.."'-:g" -..r-".e -. at..,- -
Su o ov /ur v ":..c< -"- "',"": ,7 ". : :.32 "i 2:..... : -:.' .: --:--
(f 'd" l "..-: l'eb.k v dit"c o-f:. th Ode":" ... :'2 \. :.{o p n, ~~ e -: .-- :
,.. .' ". :, ": ...--: -.-L L -J' _2 : -- --z
.. .-, ,=.-- t y ~ f o e',
.~:- .. ':,-

~
.. .... .: -: '.,- :, ;







Mail from the Tsebrikovo district


BIS

E ,. ,. ,., ,



Another foreign surface letter from Hoffnungstal, sent by Jakob Grossmann through the p.o. at
Tsebrikovo, 15.11.29.


Another cover, overpaid by 5 kop. and mailed at Tsebrikovo 10.3.33 by Simon Seibel, but
annotated on arrival as being from "Gottfried Kemmler ?" and "Ohne Ort und Datum" ("without
place and date"). This is possibly an interesting Judaica item.
THE POST-RIDER/IIMMIK No. 35 41
November, 1994







Mail from the Tsebrikovo district


A foreign surface letter, apparently overpaid by 10 kop. and sent by Waldemar Schmekker from
Tsebrikovo 13.4.33, with the corresponding postal code given as 295-Y-1.
,^ .m i~ii- i ili -- '^^- ^ -'- "" ^ '-1"- I -- --II i ^ ^ ^ *^ ^- *J ^ ^ ^ -- .


a mxa CETSHI-Hanwm 11ie imeo quil i;1 -.
.A ZW &- f _w ~ t ff 7. 3:. m
ao-i.J ceeOAJnHrcepeE~a







.. .. omn_'. __ _--_ -



/^^^ /a^^/^~fe^7___ ^


i-X


A registered cover, paid at the foreign surface rate and postmarked with an illegible TPO/RPO
marking dated 19.4.33. Sent by Johann Rosin of the Cabinet Makers Association in Tsebrikovo.


42 THE POST-RIDER/HIMIIIHIK No. 35
November, 1994


* -.? I


i'


- -i ;-jt
i












S*. \ .- .f foreignn surface
letter from
AM \Jakob Lecht
'. V- fiLIAJhFf'L^





S .' /at postal code
29 5 -Y-18







.. '-' .' .' r .(Viktorovka,
Tsebrikovo
SA reg d district) and
S' -. .. "" "- fi reign -surface
S- letter om
.Jakob Lecht

Mail from the Tsebrikovo di atpostalcode







-.6.33.
.. 295-Y-18

-:.' "-. ..... -.- (Viktorovka,




-. '
.- .... .. -.. Tsebrikovo
"-- ,district) and
..." ,.. mailed at






g) Mail from the sebrVoznesensk district of the Odessa region


A- cove wth 11 o ..g saate .f / e r. R d -. n .
: ---Iy ,P_., .







--1k









through the p.o. ath Vneselins district of the Odessa region.
THE POSK N. 35









November, 1994
THE POT-RIDERMHK No.35 43






(5) Mail from the Crimea














*-t-/"; -tt
;'/ --> .


2. a
y' jccu~~

jye~ ^^zKe^c^^


A cover from Simon Ya. Shilikovskii of Sch'nfeld and sent through the p.o. at Dzhankoi 25.5.33.
It is known that Mr. Shilikovskii was Jewish, as he was also receiving printed matter in Hebrew
from Berlin. See also another cover below, mailed by him from Kolai.


I-V
.. ,- -





A cover from Wilhelm Frank in Beshu-Eli, sent through the p.o. at Evpatoriya 10.5.30. See also
another cover below, mailed by him from Saki.

44 THE POST-RIDER/HIMIUIHK No. 35
November, 1994
_____________







Mail from the Crimea


MOM

4- L_/M5


SDer Staats-Anzeiger


"BISMARCI

-<. -. :. '^^ f


,, -._-, A

: k .'--_' i '. -: "-





N. D.;. -
-L
N i "-


A cover with the current 14-kop. foreign surface rate, sent by Heinrich Witt in Temesh through
the p.o. at Evpatoriya 15.5.30.



f.3I EMD"
'tl~i


A


'HaHMenosaHHe MecTa, rie naxc66TCl noqTa, ai o6aacfn n1a
a .asiAaHIH-uaHm- osaHHe ejie3HofO AoporH
-!o 71?&, A : -


/ parloH, ceao naH AepeHas
................--6 -----H a....... -- ---o--a" ----- ---- ------
4,> --y14a, X/ ,toma K KBaPTHp. H

noapo6Hoe HaieHoeBaHnne aApecara

__________________f^ : *' > .-''lr '. '' _______


....ei^^ttZ *. -

J5.; La,ftv-s a.
if ~jeUC
.6; AeZYPjl 44


AOpec omnpasnmeArr ....._________
-"Ja... ...................- .... :. .....--_ .... -...................-.. _....---.-' -


a- (A~L.
c/-zs/ )2~e


A cover from Michael Reinhardt in Ungut, but bearing the bilingual Russo-Tartar postmark:
EVPATORIYA-KEZLEVE 13.5.33.

THE POST-RIDER/JMIMIHK No. 35 45
November, 1994


V/


Kya:.


A
I


I---


~ ~-----Zi~I-


. em


v







Mail from the Crimea
----------- .^--------------^~


61ei~ ~


'All') (V


* '-- '


/./ / -


1 I"


i.


A cover from Friedrich Netten in Totanai and bearing the bilingual Russo-Simplified Arabic
script marking: KOLAL KRYM *-L SJ9 -a- 20.5.30.


An earlier cover from SimonShilikovskii in Sch6nfeld, but posted this time at Kolai 5.5.30.


THE POST-RIDER/JIMIIHK No. 35
November, 1994


IIyaw
.. ~ ~ (nasa McAw.-ite Micrnvcx n Ti.t rydeVH a o'KPyrE -1
a AlCTW~AIUia-3Ma 3a.W 4%
A- f



'
.Ifoy .~ -__ I .






or"=.v2 Hx~IasrnaapciTa)





Aapeca nepedilaw:, ...... ....
t...... ... .
F -. A
n ~ ~ ,~,e, oo~. c~


6 C-)


~i~ ~~c~zoitc~


. *


-1





Mail from the Crimea


4I /d

"I I.
i 'y
?,j 10


C -7?s


-

*1'


A-
4/~i ii


/ ,/(


- 4tr
/


/
/ ~


A( r' V~ ~


~~4'/.


4.- i "



A cover from W.A. Frank in Beshu-Eli, but postmarked this time with a bilingual Russo-Tartar
marking, reading: SAKI KRYM SAG a 30.4.30.


?t I.
\ :4 r 1

B /!- -.~-~(4

4.
i /
*.. 4
* f f r.,.h


A cover from Wilhelm Miller in Temesh, but posted with the bilingual marking of Saki 24.4.30.

THE POST-RIDER/IIMIIHK No. 35
November, 1994


I/I


!


LYr.~RIC~ ~L7-m~e~qJp~lBLI-


f


Y- -- -`~-"


-


L


i "nm ~






Mail from the Crimea


A cover from Gottlieb Gordmann in Neusatz and sent from the p.o. at Shuya 16.8.30.




CARTE POSTAL
jjU + PO.TA KAPT

-... ",IC


See the top of the next page for the message on the back of this card.


45 THE POST-RIDER/51MIIHK No. 35
November, 1994





Mail from the Crimea


A pitiful card from Ludwig Meyer in Simferopol' 6.12.33, addressed to "Dear Mr. Staatsanzeiger"
and saying in part that he was an old man of 65, his wife 62, both sick and no longer able to work,
suffering from lack of food, etc.


Ce^. ^it-i^^cLaR






. .......y a .........
HaHMeHOBaB25ei. 1

Simferopol
Krim6


Ko.uy


C. e5^^ zJr3







rAC MaxoATca no'a, U o6aJICTH HJIH pa,
-HaHMCeOBa e )K CJI e3olAoporH

paflo. ceiJo aHIRA "tp Ha


- .' ._ noApo6Uoe'~cu~eso
<^00UAO .I


y n -ua, Ma KBapTpi'


mIe ajpecaTa
<^Q'i^C/


A---c omnPa83umeAr .5,1.
_____ _.^ I~ '* ^UL~-"--^-^-^ *^
.. ....... .. -.......... ..
- o. ^ /4L < ;i O -P6(&^r L


A registered letter from Leontine Seiler in Kambary, but mailed at Simferopol' 16.1.33.



THE POST-RIDER/AIMlHK No. 35 49
November 1994


.^


- --c~- -


~4~Yt~4Y~ I


1


x'


----~








Mail from the Crimea




,:'2"-;l ."-.-:-? 21







;,t- ~,-,' -.- .. -. .
c'. -., .^ --I .- .

2f L- M








S.- A






(6) Mail from the Northern Caucasus Area


A turned American envelope, reused by Jakob Sommerfeld (?) in Dovsunskoe, Northern
Caucasus 12.9.33.


THE POST-RIDER/HMIIMIK No. 35
November, 1994






A cover from the Black Sea Region


.- .-.. ..


.-. ,


." ^ L ,. *; .. -^ -- ^ ^
=v. --. .. ,--" .



S. -, ., ,





through the p.o. at Krasnodar, 10.5.30, at the current 14-kop. foreign surface rate.
..- "' j '- .... .

M ail" fr" th .. n... "-.
'- *- -- ,.









A cover from Are. Geisom erf eind Juohann c, serant inu Mtchaesfeld rm h.i.anSokoe n







th ough th e h 7.a t sn.). 5 a t. t -' ur"-',f sr c rt .



*- '- ; '-- ".' ""
_'. .- ,..

.I Mail from the Dagestan ASSR. ..;'

















A cover from Alex. Geissler in Neuhodiohung, sent through the state farm p.o. at Sovkhoz
thouhth po a Kanoa, 0..0,atte uren 14 p teigsufcrae













-= coe rmMreSmefl n oanAk.mn nMcalfl Dhgnkesn
thro g h "-:"-'" ""; ';""/':" r 105.0 ': h "'" en "4k p foeg "ufc "" =:'"



-" " -.L .; ..- .. ]: -' .: :



coerfiomAlx.GesserinNehofnn, sent through thel state frm p-o. atSv o
Noay Nadzhd 7.4.3 (?).i.


THE POST-RIDER/IMIIIHK No. 35
November, 1994


-.9
& .2:.., *. S.





Mail from the Northern Caucasus Area


k *- '- -






Kgqa: c t A 9
(sahMehosaang usc rte aezoznrc 1orr0 0q o6a1nRt orpyrs
masn-M BOBAERS fyffRO 0 f 1
r\.gj~~~~~~~a.ah o n--- -- ** - -- spea.ns


Apec omneaaumeAn:
.. .... ........ ................


A cover from Johann Ruttmann in Nikolaevskoe, Stavropol' region, sent on 29.4.30 at the
current 14-kop. foreign surface rate.


-. .-"- -- -.-.-- --.' .' '-. -1 . *


i_, i / '^i R
^^m.^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^:..^ ^ .| SU. < ;>
-^t~~~~~~~ tCC~sM~ '^5^^^^^


Jat. dGa4O6L



~T -dalU1~zNo2

.~Kt_ P

7TCCfr/or~ IO~L


803A Y <....... .. ... ..'



10 .- ,- ^ /.L '..
Para a.A







^ C A'ifJilX v
Lr .^T^UUUC ^t ^aJ^^ /.~ZCX^^
-%


A rarity in those poverty-stricken times, this is a registered airmail cover with 1 rouble postage
and made from ledger paper, sent by Pauline Kastezky from Velikoknyazheskoe, Northern
52 Caucasus, 19.4.33. POSTK No.
THE P November, 1994No. 35
November, 1994







Mail from the Northern Caucasus Area
OP- -- --


5xi y j-


93


-f"
I;
L~)~ ~ 7


Sfi.


Another turned American envelope sent by Georg Schafer in Friedrichsfeld
through the p.o at Zolotarevskoe, Stavropol' region, 5.5.32.


(7) Mail from other parts of the USSR


A cover and a newspaper from "Das Neue Dorf' ("The New Village"), a German-language
newspaper published in Khar'kov and sent on 16.12.33 (note the obvious year error "13")
and 19.1.34 respectively.
THE POST-RIDER/IMIUIHK No. 35 53
November, 1994


IL


Cs


I































See the reference to this newspaper wrapper at the bottom of the previous page.


A cover from Siberia


THE POST-RIDER/IIMmIHK No. 35
November, 1994


A cover lacking the address of the sender, but despatched from Kornilovskoe, Omsk 30.4.30.
























O *B i


A cover from "Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga" Booksellers and sent from Moscow on 11.12.32 at
8 pm. at the 15-kop. foreign surface rate.





..4-._ -. -. .---


SA Cover from Siberia




K-^Y (,*\1,7 A registered cover,
9-' Qr/'^ paid at the correct
'/11 current foreign
S..... surface rate and sent
L i by G. Reinhardt from
SPavlogradskoe p.o.,
i* Akmolinsk region,
26.4.30. Note the
well-known Moscow
oblong censor mark in
French, struck in
blue on the back.

Final Note: The dates pencilled on the covers incoming to Bismarck refer to the enclosed letters
and are often several days before the actual dates of posting.
THE POST-RIDER/aMIU4IK No. 35 55
November, 1994






APPEALS TO THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS IN MOSCOW
by Ivo Steyn.

As a complement to the correspondence held by Mr. Matt Hedley and addressed to "Der Staats-Anzeiger" in
Bismarck, North Dakota, I have a small archive from the same tragic period, consisting of postcards sent by
desperate ethnic Germans to B. Berlin (apparently W. Werling in German), International Committee of the
Red Cross, Verkhnie Torgovye Ryady, 2nd. Floor, Room 126, Ilyinka, Moscow and asking mainly for
"Lebensmittel" (means of sustenance or provisions) or "Produktion" (should be "Produkte" or food products).
Upon arrival, these cards were stamped on the back with a numbering machine, running in my sample from
91647 to 91817 and a second set was added by hand from 1396 to 1510. That latter series presumably
referred to the parcels of food or remittances of money sent to the unfortunate supplicants. Further details
about these cards are now given:-
(a) A series of cards, written by the same person on behalf of three residents of the village of Karlsruhe, Karl
Liebknecht district in the Odessa region (postal code 305-Y-10), namely for Maria Geis, Michael Thli and
Katherine Siegel and posted in Nikolaev 26.9.33.


C~tu f c~//a4____


h~~i^/ 7-i-14/ -__




/ /?#, / njy_^ ? 9/ 7^"
9/;>-?f^/ /^^W~-~ 7^^ r/

. 9164


~i~-~e


~C~C~r~d I~~-ij/~~e


U THE POST-KlDEUK /HIVIIIIK INo. 35
November, 1994


.i


^ ."^ q:


a


c~a-j~e/tcflc~e~

8-ijyj~


I


~ ~o c( dL~ .
~ ~
--~--c__,~.~---


~IC~y- C~ZC/rLlrC~-y*;~~~C~,~ ~hrc3


,eIrA-Iec


."I


331-












,Iy .K. .... .-. .- ..

....ZU<^ ^ /,..... .....-. .....



<.... ..... ........ .................. : .....

ontpaeunt e.nc -
.- ...- ,-- .,,,-


This is one of the postcards
posted from Nikolaev/
Mykolaiv and asking for
help on behalf of three
residents of Karlsruhe.


o^r1,
1.


r~5~-~p'-
~~~t~a Z1e.t
Li
,i~[ 6" 1'
/Y~~


,?/4iwn a


/


(b) A card from Rosa Dauenhauer in Nikolaev, asking the Committee "to help us with Lebensmittel (means of
sustenance)" and sent on 21.7.33. The sum of what appears to be RM 8.- (then equivalent to U.S. $2.00; an
important and life-saving sum in those days in the USSR) was assigned to her on 2 March 1934.
THE POST-RIDER/IIMfl~IK No. 35
November. 1994


S~~;~-








(/1c4)


( I 4 9'
1(/ -I 1 /
4 24 ,. --. ; ." ,
.. .+ ,, "e .; ,,,t;

".jwr: r/ -,:. +./- .... --, / i-^ j '
.";,,,,,, / ^ / ., ../i;,, .
,y '*.^ '/ ^^ W
'c ~~f / //3t,


/'{qsib


-4.. S


/ ?'/O 7
*.4.^ (( /t Y 4(


'/1 r:
^ r;/tY


*1r'..


9172S


- ~--------i


17/o 44'<"


!_. _________________________________------- ---------_-------__---------_------
(c) Another card from Nikolaev 9.9.33. Sent by Christian Reiner and asking for help with "Produktion" (i.e.
"Produkte" = food products).


.

.. l?^tj. -^ 5
^o^ ".-? -' ..'._-
S. 2-, ",, "-' "

1r -r


S y Rd



(y
7-


THE POST-RIDER/IMIIUIK No. 35
November, 1994


/


iP








.. L :y "*'A .- ,'y .' ,, .7 .' "-.. *, y 1 .' -
." [,. ,- ,, ,.... *
-, / '/ .. ^.-< / < -. .. .- ,** .'. 1 : -
-,2 ,

S- .



1 44 .' .. ,.... .z .,
..., -d 4



1 21414..L ?l



., .- __
"-S :. ... d. ;,-'SF
.. .7. ,,, .__. : '7 'h /. -~ /' # ';-
,~~.7-M. 22 I _(I, I' .-'


, ..-:^ 7 ^- .7' ^< ,- .
. .... ,__L ; ?A 9.
-L
"y "4 4,t Wz


(e) A card from Florentine Schmalz in Varvarovka/Varvarivka 1.9.33, asking for "Lebensmittel" (provisions).


/ ,
r /
'N


,^ i f., f ,'.7 .
./
...'/:;".. /. /4 /'
.' ;. -
~t '' C +, y ,


1.! 44cc.4 :


6 ". /7/
A '- .*
"C- 1f> ///'^ t^ ^ c:'i .".~z /



*1 I
I J //-'' */~C- L
--. .,t .SCZ T. ,. ....,,_,z,. o/O.
~ ~.b ----' f L 3 ur ii. .; .- .o -S'e,


V" A ., '
SZy ,

, ^-^*y,,
ifbV; <.';~:
1^a '^ ''''i'


; .... ...,

<) -;' .? '` *


I -/ ,;..*. ;
" --
K






[ -
! ':"':^"":' *' n^ ^*:

'..'..-..l. .. /. 'v ..
t :


(f) A card from Veronika Messer in the village of Halbstadt, Odessa region, p.o. Landau (code 305-Y-1) and
with the Russian postmark for that office, reading SVYATOPOKROVSKOE 5.9.33.
THE POST-RIDER/IIMIIHK No. 35 59
November, 1994


C-





i0i. 16'-


Vot Z4


IL a I.-x a


_


------- ...


f
.~.--~a "i rr L


~ L~ trj~ I:: f


---

















I ~t / 1 t.


9~2 .1tr~ ":X
'-I 0 7 3-~fc c.~


*17)5 f_.
'Cd = ?'. (7


JI-,t;f

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'Ir


Pu.*^ ,f


c ie -,. le -,


4-r' -2i~if C

-L 'f / 7 /,c .


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6'i .,Cv
I


.3..$ ^- n ',4< irr-P,'(- "4 -( o; -/. t?',"'7 -
,^ )-4 -1/ ef t, 4. ..-




(g) Another card from Varvarovka/Varvarivka 9.9.33 from Gottfried Kuhn and asking for help in badly spelt
German. ________.. ..





CA
... ^ ^ .. .
P ^^^ Ba1 G;^2j2


^^~-;

(h) A 10-kop. card from
Stefan (?) MUller in
Obozerskaya and mailed
at Archangel 5.12.15 (an
obvious year error for
"33"). Underpaid by 5k.,
as denoted by the oval
marking reading:
OITJIATHTb 05
60 APXAHFEJIbCK.


- -



~144~ Y&;


THE PO


A
,- ,; /.;- : -. _-/7
./. ;. .. ., .
......


r-


'I,
-/- c. 3


J~~wZ?^u ^w^/^


*, -i r .-
r *
; 4 % /- -- 6 .. /



ST-RIDER/IIMIUHK No. 35
Nnvemhpr 1994


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1


y


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I





FAMINE IN THE UKRAINE
by Andrew Cronin.

As 1.. V. Stalin once admitted to Winston Churchill during WWII, the battle for collectivisation was a bigger
crisis for the Soviet State than even the worse moments of the German-Soviet War. In order to fill out the
doleful picture given by our contributors Matt Hedley and Ivo Steyn, the present writer can record five items
in his collection which were sent by ethnic Germans in the Ukraine. The details are given separately as follow:

(a) A series of four covers from unknown senders, despatched between 3 and 6 January 1933 from
Bohdanivka/Gnadenfeld (postal code 447-Y-30) in the Molochansk district and addressed in German to
Abraham Ratzlaffin Bakler, Kansas "am Hilfskomit6 uiberzugeben" (to be forwarded to the Aid Committee).
All four covers also bear on the front a circular cachet in violet, reading as follows:-
DEF1CIENCY/IN/ADDRESS/SUPPLIED/BY/N.Y.P.O.I.S. (New York Post Office Identification
Service?), with the destination in Kansas corrected in red ink to Blihler. Two different Soviet markings were
applied to this mail: (a) BOFrAHOBKA CT. YKP. a in Russian with illegible date and (b)
BOFfAHIBKA FHAHEe4EJIbEj YKP. 6 (bilingual Ukrainian-German, with the latter name mispelt as
Gnanenfeld; see the illustration herewith),
(b) A card with 15 kop. postage and sent on 13.3.34 by Elisabeth Fleischauer in Mospino, Makeevka
district in the Donbas (postal code 478-Y-52) to Walter Hefele in Berlin, thanking him profusely for the
remittance of RM 8.- (US $2.00). That life-saving sum enabled her to buy 2 poods (33 kg. or 72 lbs.) of
white flour and 3 litres (about 100 fl. ozs) of sunflower oil and she begged him not to forget her and her
family in the future.

While the impression presented in all three of our articles is terrifying, at least the German-speaking
residents of the USSR had someone or some organisation to turn to. The staff of "Der Staats-Anzeiger" the
International Committee of the Red Cross in Moscow, the Aid Committee in Bihler, Kansas and private
persons such as Walter Hefele were the unsung heroes of that dreadful period. The irony of the campaign
for collectivisation was that, in eliminating the kulaks (including many Germans) as a social class, 1. V. Stalin
in effect wiped out the most efficient farmers in the country.

As for the multitudes of bewildered Ukrainian and Russian peasants, they had no one who could help them
and so they died in their millions. Mup xHOMMy npaxy! Mup npaxy nx!



















--. - '*. .. ". "*,., .. rz.Z .,

THE POST-RIDER/HMIHIIK No. 35 61
November, 1994






















AA
5a. -.-




/ & b ..' .9



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AAR. 1.6









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4,,















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A card of thanks from the Donbas. .
---- -----1





























62 THlE POST-REDER/5lMHMHK No. 35
November, 1994






THE RUSSIAN FIELD POSTS IN FINLAND DURING WW1
by Alexander EpStein.

During WW1, the territory of Finland, then the Grand Duchy of Finland as part of the Russian Empire, was
an important strategic area for defending the approaches to the capital of Petrograd. As a result, many land
troops were quartered in Finland, particularly in its southern and western parts along the Gulfs of Finland
and Bothnia. Although there was never a front line in Finland during that war, there were Russian field post
offices operating on its territory from 1915 to 1918.

In times of peace, troops of the 22nd. Army Corps were billeted in Finland near Vyborg/Viipuri. With the
onset ofWW1, this corps became a part of the 6th. Detached Army and remained in that state for about a
month and a half. At the beginning of September 1914, the 22nd. Army Corps was transferred from Finland
to the North-Western Front. Its troops were soon replaced, mainly by Home Guard units, which were
formed into the 10th. Home Guard Corps. In June 1915, they were reorganised into regular military units as
parts of the 42nd. Army Corps, whose headquarters were at Himeenlinna/Tavastehus. The Corps consisted
of the 106th. & 107th. and, later on, also the 128th. Infantry Divisions and smaller military formations

Corps Field Post Office No. 46.
In accordance with the requirements of the Field post regulations, this office was attached to the Corps and
started functioning in the second half of September 1915. As a rule, field post offices attached to either
formation were situated in the same locality as the headquarters or, at least, very near to the latter. However,
as Martin Holmsten reports in a series of articles in "Suomen Postimerkkilehti" in 1985-1985, this particular
FPO consisted of several sub-offices, located in different towns in Finland, namely at Hlimeenlina/
Tavastehus, Lahti, Rihimaki, Tampere/Tammerfors, Vasa/Nikolaistad and Vyborg/Viipuri. The availability
of three known types of postmarks for this FPO, the series consisting of markings with identical code letters
and being used at the same time from 1915 to 1917, may serve as evidence of the existence of at least three
sub-offices. The following types of datestamps have been recorded:-

Type (Fig. 1), with the text reading in full: FIOJIEBA51 HfOTOBAR5 KOHTOPA, iii.
i.e. Field Post Office. Found with the code letters: "6", "B", "r" and "n", also "a" and
perhaps "e" should also exist. Period of usage recorded: December 1915 to May 1917.


'QRNgBERQ

* ( "X)/ 'v "yl/tS*






.i. y 0/^ ) 2VJ f 0Vt",.a Oa 4.

/44 44if4442^9 ^~
E^ ^ > ^j,/



^4L cJ^f Q^


" I I 1 .. _0





-... .. .4
r / .


Fig. 1.


Fig. 2.

Fig. 2 depicts a ppc
addressed to the
3rd. Platoon of the
41st. Detached
Field-Engineering
Company, with a
Type 1 receiving
pmk dated 6 Nov.
1915, code
letter '/".


THE POST-RIDER/HMImHK No. 35
November, 1994












Fig. 3.

Another ppc, with the
same pmk dated 3rd.
March 1917 and sent
from the Army on
Active Service (Fig. 3),
has on the picture side
a view of the esplanade
in Viborg/Viipuri.







Fig. 4.

At last, the ppc in
Fig. 4 has the
receiving pmk of the
same type, but with
the code letter ",/'
and dated 23.5.17,
addressed to the
Company of the
Vyborg Fortress
Artillery Regiment.


Postikortti Carte Postale .
Suomi Finlande. /
4L.. OTKPblTOE-1NCbMO


AA& 4
/- -


A. 4 _-
'7 ^ ^ ^ _JC
^^'^ - L.Z:_< ^ T ^ ^
^^ ^ ^ o -=


e-t t -




'W^M^-C~e.'


The last two ppc's give. some reason to believe that the Type 1 datestamps of FPO No. 46 were used in
Vyborg, at least during 1917. Vyborg had a fortress with a large garrison and numerous troops were
quartered in the vicinity of the town. Moreover, the Corps HQ was transferred to Vyborg in the second half
of December 1916. Vyborg was thus an appropriate locality for placing there a sub-office of FPO No. 46.
There is also documentary evidence that FPO No. 46, or its sub-office, functioned at Vyborg as early as May
1916.

Sl ) Type 2 (Fig. 5): A slightly abbreviated text, thus: HOJ1EBARS rIOTOBA51
ig ;g, KOHTOP. Found with the code letters "d,, "/', ', "" and "y", while "," should perhaps
"-* ,-.' also exist. Period of usage recorded: July 1916 to March 1917.


4 Fig 5.
64 -


THE POST-RIDER/AMIHIHK No. 35
November, 1994


*









Fig. 6.

The ppc in Fig. 6 with the
receiving pmk of this type
and code letter "I' with
date 12.12.16 is addressed
to the 42nd. Army Corps
HQ, still located in
Himeenlinna at that time.
This fact points to the
locality of usage for the
Type 2 datestamps.


Type 3 (Fig. 7): An abbreviated text, thus: FIOJIEB. IiHOT. KOHT. Found with the
code letters V"y/, "/, "11, "l" and "y"; code letter "," should probably also exist. Period of
usage recorded: January 1916 to September 1917.


((18 2. 1.) J


Fig. 7.








a. Fig. 8.


A postcard, also sent free (as were all ordinary postcards and letters of normal weight to and from the Army
on Active Service) to the 422nd. Kolpino Infantry Regiment (Fig. 8), was directed from the Main FPO at
Velikie Luki to FPO No. 46, which struck the card with a Type 3 postmark, code letter "a" on 4 Feb. 1916
and redirected it to H$meenlinna, where it arrived the same day. Note that the post offices in Finland used the
Gregorian Calendar in postmarking mail, while the Russian FPOs and the civilian post offices in the rest of the
Empire used the Julian Calendar, i.e. the date of 17 Feb. N.S. on the Hameenlinna postmark corresponds to
4 Feb. O.S. The postcard was censored at Tampere/Tammerfors.
THE POST-RIDER/IMIIIHK No. 35 65
November, 1994






_.. ,.. ** -^- --. ,..- ;




'. ",-. .A ... .



CY0)
Fig..., ;- .










The cover of an ordinary letter shown in Fig. 9, addressed to the 423rd. Luga Infantry Regiment, was
postmarked with the same datestamp on 18 Feb. 1916 as the postcard above and redirected after some delay
to Vasa/Nikolaistad, where it arrived on 4 April (O.S. ). The presence of a postmark ofthe Finnish post
office at Himeenlinna in combination with that ofFPO No. 46 indicates that the latter marking was not
applied at that town as, if it were, there would have been no point in forwarding the card to the Finnish post
office in the town. On the other hand, the same date on both postmarks indicates a close proximity for both
postal establishments. Moreover, both the 422nd. and 423rd. Infantry Regiments formed part of the 106th.
Infantry Division, with the headquarters situated in Tampere/Tammerfors. Thus, the town where the Division
HQ was located would seem to have been a natural point for placing a sub-ofstce of FPO No. 46.

As to the other towns mentioned by Holmsten as locations for sub-of4ices ofFtPO No. 46, i.e. Lahti, Rihimlii
and Vasa, they can hardly be considered as likely locations oor field post establishments. The number of troops
near those towns was not too great and only regimental staffs were quartered there. The military mail directed
to and from those towns is usually marked with datestamps of the local Finnish post offices, which coped
quite well with the corresponding amount of mail. However, the possibility cannot be completely excluded
that sub-offices ofFPO No. 46 still functioned in the three towns mentioned above, or in one or two of them,
as Holmsten has stated, applying for some time datestamps of a type still unrecorded, or of the types
described above, with perhaps some particular code letters. Documentary or philatelic evidence would be
necessary to prove that.
The 42nd. Army Corps was given the status of a detached corps at the beginning of 1917. From the moment
of its creation and until the end of December 1916, it was a part of the 6th. Army on the Northern Front, the
latter also having been formed in the summer of 1915, instead of the above-mentioned Detached Army with
the same number.
Headquarters Field Post Office No. 129.
'This office was reorganized from a former Reserve FPO of the same number and
1 W. was attached to the army headquarters at Vyborg/Viipuri, where it functioned from
September 1915 until the second half of December 1916, when it was transferred,
together with the headquarters, to the Roumanian Front. A single type of postmark is
known for this FPO with the code letters "o', and "E ("o ", "G and should
also exist) and recorded from November 1915 to December 1916 (Fig. 10). Note
Fig. 10. that this FPO used datestamps of the former Reserve FPO.
66 THE POST-RIDER/IMIM HK No. 35
November, 1994





Control Field Post Office No. 129.
In parallel with the HQ FPO, this office operated in the same premises. Its main ilbN
function was sorting and directing military mail within the 6th. Army. This FPO
received its number in December 1915, after having been renamed from the
former Control FPO ")". A single type of postmark for this FPO has been recorded \c -. '
up to now with the code letters "X' and "6" ("a should also exist), with dates from
January to December 1916 (see Fig. 11). Postal sending marked with the
datestamps of the Control FPO "H" applied from September to December 1915 may Fig. 11.
also exist.
" .. '. /. "T '*
T 0ARTE-POSTALE -
"' L, SUOMI FIN AND

i '. ,eict p ad t STa



t o b th Fig. 12.


C rs Fd-'-"T ot/O-ie N- .
*"yJ' J^ 1 t


Wbor.g Esplana -pav iiong ,, L .. Fi
W ..puri, ,,Espil_" .. .
"A .. "V:".' -
Fig. 12 depicts a soldier's postcard, addressed to the Railway Battalion Staff and is marked with the
datestamps of both the HQ FPO No. 129 on 2 February and of the Control FPO No. 129 on 3 February.
The postmark of the destination is missing, but the address of the sender is indicated in the message as the
Field Telephone Station "IIl", known attached to the 7th. Army HQ.

Corps Field Post Office No. 36.
From March to September 1917, the HQ of the Ist. Cavalry Corps that was being reformed, was located
somewhere in Finland.. This Corps was served by the Corps FPO No. 36. Postal sending with markings of
this FPO during that particular period have yet to be discovered. The exact location in Finland of FPO No. 36
is also unknown to the present author.

There was one more Russian military formation in Finland: the Baltic Sea Navy, with its headquarters in
Helsinki. Unlike the Black Sea Navy, it had no field post office attached to it. All the mail of the Baltic Sea
Navy was handled by the Finnish post offices in Helsinki, Turku (Xbo) and in some other towns in South-
Western Finland. The post offices of Helsinki and its neighboring towns chiefly handled the mail of the
128th. Infantry Division, which formed part of the 42nd. Army Corps. Although the HQ of this division was
also situated in Helsinki, no Russian field post establishment ever operated in the capital of Finland.
Special Notes:
Readers are reminded that all three coordinators of the Society are fully occupied in earning their livings and
thus do not have the time to answer individual requests and queries. Where such questions are of general
interest to the membership, they will be taken up in subsequent issues of "The Post-Rider". Please bear with us!
The views expressed in the articles contained in this issue are those of the respective authors and are not
necessarily those of the Society or of its coordinators.
THE POST-RIDER/MIIMHIK No. 35 67
November, 1994







MORE OVALS
by Rabbi L. L. Tann.

The new book Russian Railway Postmarks by A.Y. Kiryushkin & P.E. Robinson is now out and it is an
excellent publication. However, no book of this kind can ever be complete and more information will come to
light. With the generous permission of the editor of "The Post-Rider", I present a few more railways ovals for
readers, as follow hereunder. The first four are very fine items:-




no roBAa 1A-

(1) Postcard with 20/14k.
Arms stamp paying the ,t \ .. ,
1918 rate with ovals of I --
VOLOGDA*280* .e.. ..t ..
PETROGRAD g t g4uett j

interesting to see this
particular stamp r.tU In 1 OtkA4n
paying a card rate -------
late in 1918. i, I y .

BA. Sibaraiiarrel l Z n yoomn U. ELI, KI 1. V. -



.OT:1
I,-, 2."l


(2) A postcard addressed 2 / .'
to the "Serving Army", ..
6th. Siberian Company, 4 rV '/ -_Vn T e
free postage, with ,//
extremely fine oval /P7" h ... ...
ALAPEVSK::300:: 1 / *
NIZHNII TAGIL, Crew I7/?" 9
No.2,4.2.15. %11 4 zda" '? ',v7to-r __._/_,-_--_


THE POST-RIDER/aMIIIK No. 35
November, 1994





,,,,- rt -i -C& (3) Postcard to Rostov.
t tx,' ', The picture side shows a
S, -, general view of the city of
d ve -eeart /// Aleksandropol' in Trans-
S' caucasia and it is franked
Z- J & J on the face with a 3-kop.
Arms. Posted on the TPO/
... RPO going away from
S'Central Russia, the mail-
van postal clerk cancelled
S- it on the back (the address
S side as shown) and then on
(2,< the face with the very scarce
ALEKSANDROPOL' 269
SKARS "a" oval, 27.5.10. It
was transferred to a train
going the correct way up
S"' into Russia, i.e. Route 270.
is B R f 0 R 7 The mail-van clerk on this
ATo K/To MA. latter Route 270 thought the
S:, item was unfranked and
S" added a brilliant DOPLATIT'
T7 .' POCHTOV. VAGON / 270.
It arrived in Rostov 30.5.10.
.......... ............. .......... ............. (4) T his is an unpaid
/ .i postcard with a very
..,...; -... .. oval, first shown by Dr.
", p.54, but there with
SI'- / -"
serial "b". Here it is as
ROSTOV-BAKU OTD
As r nl -n C Kn '-Y serial "k".It seems to
:. .. ::.; r', I -- bear No.65, being an
S extended route. I cannot
:'i, really identify the red
S : .. oval DOPLATIT' (due)
... l alongside.

'ii" '- t '7; 'Ape

....... "(5) This item has a fine
.. ./ DOPLATIT' / POCHT.
JU ]VAG. No. 124 crossed
.. out. So it was thought
..C.^- _. ,Jlc z, f.h. *t that the 2-kop. rate was
2- j ...- alright to transport the
card to Sillamyagi in
60 cEstlandiya province!




THE POST-RIDER/IMIIIHIK No. 35 69
November, 1994






Now, three items as shown in Figs. 5,6 & 7, all franked at the 2-kop. rate. One bears a DOPLATIT', another has
a DOPLATIT' that was crossed out and the third seems to have gotten by without any such marking!


(6) This card emanates from
GOMEL' VOKZAL. It appears
to be addressed to Gomel'
Town, yet it bears a nice oval
DOPLATIT' / GOMEL' ZHEL
P O, with "2k" written in.


'14 a e

/*S^ / H ,l A-* A
Wes'


(7) This third example is
addressed to the town of
Barnaul in Siberia. The 2k.
Arms is cancelled with a
fine N. NOVGOROD*247*
PENZA "a" 29.3.12, with
Barnaul receipt postmark of
11.4.12. No sign of any due.


//.-. -.
.. .. 4> 1
,/-2o.' >- ----"-L.
l^/^^^^^-^^^''y^6^i( I:


S<-,--cz-4- ,oe- z-~'e;' -




..tf6, ,ef --. G
)ff~n"i^, "" ^'~ O'^?-;-^/--



'C-~..~ (lt/ ~ ^ ^, 2
^^~ --B^L~ Cf e^^. ^c o
^.^M^ ^e^ ^je^^C~~?


(8) The route Nos.351/352
PSKOV-KREITSBURG
was opened very late in
1915. Here is a card with
a military pmk (Return
Field P 0) and oval
KREITSBURG 252 PSKOV
29.12.16, obviously an error
for 352. Sadly, the serial is
missing at the base, but this
was applied just a few weeks
after the route was opened.


1 ) ........ ..........

;If ^, OT Prf ITOE IIICb-M





I -
S. ........

S .. :.. ... ., .... .....--- ........ ..



I"7 .L.. f -/s-.., .. .-- ....-..-.* .. ,' ,.


70 THE POST-RIDER/IIMIIIK No. 35
November, 1994


~<' rwJ4


rlu-~uc~~ 526kCi~T
---_
i\
hr.


I


'*-- _1- -*- -


I












(c -- 4cjOSTA KCARPTO
J*"~


Kyv a ........... .

(9) We now have very late usages of the Tsarist ovals. Earlier in this series, we recorded the oval of the local
mail-van service KHAR'KOV-MEREFA / POCHT. VAG. "b" on a mixed Arms & Romanov franking in the
M. Renfro collection. This card is from 1930, showing a very worn strike. It is the very same marking!


'--~0i~76J2A A '(AAA 10) Not quite so late


+Q ;" ',Vladimir, bearing 3 x
S2-k. Soviet stamps and
S" r a r J2 ,-cs with two strikes of the
.VLADIMIR-249-RYAZAN'
-. oval, dated 9.1.30. Again,
f/lOtre .... /lL( can this have survived much
<.r,3- .. later?



a 0f. : J -. -



N APTOIFA. ,~ .7( (11) The next example here
t A Ajis a postcard with 2 x 2k.
S\~~f stamps and a perfect strike

po9' *,! --. of the oval SYZRAN'-64-
S l ,," RYAZHSK "b" marking,
S. dated 6.6.28. Quite
Xk \ 1,'. A ,extraordinary!


Hot on the tail-lamp of Russian Railway Postmarks, another new
"railway" book has just been published!

"POSTAL CANCELLATIONS OF THE TRANSCAUCASIAN RAILWAY"
Price 12 (sterling)
84 pages in A4 size. it brings completely up-to-date listings of
all postal cancellations so far recorded for the Transcaucasian
Railway System. These include stantsiya cancellations as well as
Postal Wagon datestamps for each line. Prominent collectors
have contributed 39 interesting covers for full-size
illustration, and there are another nine pictures of lines,
trains and stations, many hitherto unpublished. There are
lengthy commentaries on the history of each line, with pointers
as to which postmarks remain so far undiscovered. A great
advance on the writer's original handbook published back in
1981.
(US $18.00 postfree surface mail).


Some previous handbooks by P.T. Ashford are STILL AVAILABLE.
These are as below (priced in sterling) -
Georgia: Postal Cancellations 1918-1923, 158 pp A4 size 11
Imperial Stamps Used in Transcaucasia:
Part I Postal History, 56pp quarto size 4
Part III Tiflis Guberniya. 72pp quarto size 4
Part IV Kutais Gub., Batum obl., Sukhumi okr.
87pp quarto size 4
Part VI Erivan Gub.. Kars obl., 89pp quarto size 4
Part VII Elisavetpol Gub., Zakataly obl.
60pp quarto size 4
Part VIII Baku, Baku Guberniya, 94pp quarto size 4
(1 English Pound = US S1.50).
Orders with remittance should be sent to:
P.T. Ashford, 9 Pentre Close. Ashton, Chester, CH3 8BR, England


THE POST-RIDER/HMII4HK No. 35
November, 1994







PHILATELIC SHORTS
Is there a question or point that you would like I
to put across to the readers? Is there an
interesting stamp cancellation or cover that you
would like to describe? Is there an item in your
collection that could use some clarifying
information or might there be some gems of
wisdom that you could impart on some newly 4o OO
acquired item? 0 o

Share your questions, thoughts and wisdom, in
the confines of a couple of paragraphs with the
rest of our readers.
Michael Kuhn, Bamberg, Federal Republic of Germany.
The 80-kop. value of the 1930 Graf Zeppelin set.
I refer to the article "The 1930 Graf Zeppelin Set and Associated Material" in "The Post-Rider" No. 31, pp.
13-34. At a recent Heinrich Kdhler auction in Wiesbaden, I acquired two complete sheets (5 x 10) of the
80-kop. value, line-perforated 10 1/2. Both sheets are with full gum and cancelled to order with a modified
Moscow marking, reading: MOCKBAy ..3KCII. 17.8.36, i.e. the number of the Ekspeditsiya or
Despatch Office has been taken out. I can confirm the constancy of the following flaws on both sheets:-
(a) Position 5: A white dot after the "0" of 80 at right (the last stamp in the first row).
(b) Position 18: A circular flaw in the outer frame-line at bottom between the "0" of the left 80 and the "K"
of "KOIn.". I also have this same flaw on one stamp of an unused imperforate pair.
(c) Position 22: A red dot in the white cross-bar of the "A" of "IlOTA".
(d) Position 29: A fine red line above the five silos at right, under the "P" ofC.C.C.P., inclined from right
to left.
(e) Position 32: A coloured nick at right in the vertical bar of the "T" of IIOHTA.
(f) Position 49: A circular flaw, similar to that on Position 18, but on the outer frame-line at left between
the "II" of "IOHTA" and the big numeral "5".

In addition to the above varieties, all ten stamps in the third vertical row show a tiny red line or dash within the
left lower side of the "0" of"KOl".
EDITORIAL COMMENT:
(a) The last statement above would seem to indicate that the printing plate was set up in vertical rows by the
step-and-repeat camera used in the photogravure process for this set of two stamps.
(b) The white frame-lines of the design at left and right are clearly defined, suggesting that the tvwo sheets
acquired by Mr. Kuhn are from the first printing this attractive set.
Finally, many thanks indeed are extended to Mr. Kuhn for the above valuable information about the constant
varieties of the 80-kop. value. They would certainly enhance the desirability of that stamp on cover w ith any
of the flaws described here.
CKOPBHAfI BECTb-CMepTb Muxaina BinaugnIupoBHqa JIIptmrona.
IN MEMORIAM: Michel Liphschutz.
The death occurred in Paris on 5 September 1994 of Michel Liphschutz at the age of 84. Born in St.
Petersburg, his family emigrated to France in the early 1920s and he had to move for safety to Marseilles during
the German occupation. A signatory of the Roll of Distinguished Philatelists and the winner of many large gold
medals at international exhibitions, he started after WWI1 to build what was to become the finest collection in
existence of Russia, Successor States and Zemstvos. His fabulous collection was recently dispersed by
Harmers Auctions SA of Melide, Switzerland. He will be sadly missed by all of us. Mnp npaxy ero!

72 THE POST-RIDER/IMIgIHK No. 35
November, 1994














;Bd0 m M I I~; f s 0I mv !aHtt
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Robert Taylor, California, U.S.A.
Two covers from the Volga-German ASSR.

S- The first item is a reg'd
OH cover from Beideck,
IfPHEME HA nlOqTY .. 20.4.32, Balzer Canton,
A3J r OTPABE- to Paris. Note the pasted-
Ae'roA i)TeO PABREN on reg'n receipt and the
..1 ~/ i confirmatory
Handwritten box.
\ The sender was a
:5 "- 'Mr. Jorch.







-A-bf










G o' l P rs il









NO 1994
/- "yA "32J "'_ "1










The second example is a Red Army cover from Engels Kiosk-5 (bilingual Russo-German) 21.9.36 to
Gor'kii 24.9.36. The two large circular official cachets are illegible.

THE POST-RIDER/AMIIU4K No. 35 75
November, 1994






V.M.Babich, Chigina~u, Moldova.

More about the PMR.


Further to the data
given on pp.2-8 of
this issue of "The
Post-Rider", I can
advise the following
details.


Atentie!
Model de scriere a cifrelor


Satul Donici,'raionuq Orhei.
Capela families Donici.
1848
A Soviet-type envelope,
printed 1992 by Gosznak
in Ryazhk entirely in
Roumanian and bearing
a 60 r. PMR definitive :
to pay the local rate in
Dubossary 26.8.94. '


Indica- i codul postal al uni-tal e -elcc-mu ca. a et
IndicaO i codul postal al unitali ,e telecon n.CaV ,, or ,|estina .


SIn addition to revalidated
Soviet rouble banknotes,
coupons were issued in
in 1993 by the
Pridnestrovskii Bank.
Here is a 50-rouble
value, printed in green on
watermarked paper,
presumably in Moscow
and with inscriptions in
Moldavian, Russian and
-Ukrainian.
codului postal:


It
I. -







--- C?-r.--~t-f ^ L-L r ^'- i r- i

v- .


I I


6 THE POST-RIDER/IMIIBHK No. 35
November, 1994


j .

A 6808 a2 PYBA'E1
B-e AHKI HHICTPIr
.,-* _PnrH AHECTP!OBKcKii,
V ^ ___ II IAH10TPfi "KI4t \
-___" .__.' ,-j.. 1 ^ *


Now for some examples of
non-philatelic mail.


Bn~f


H456FB9









SAn unusual Moldavian
2120...20 M revaluation to 60 r., in
combination with 40 r. in
S- ".PMR stamps to pay the
.'u, k'"intercity rate of 100 r.

S from Tiraspol' 10.5.94 to
tZDubossary.









Said at the 100 r. rate
From Tiraspol' 13.8.94
(FOTA CCCP !
--- to Dubossary.




^j, u













) "\ ,i _________By the next month, the
Sintercity rate had gone

S 2.9.94 to Dubossary.
Hl--.. uprnp a nn. I wprl M Il ta 3 1II lpo: oa ,Ip T: ..tI'lH'.
I I A t.. "

S::


;Bfl3H MCCTa Ca3Ha3MHHH


THE POST-RIDER/lMpIIHK No. 35 77
November, 1994
November, 1994








Helmut Weikard, Hamburg, Germany.


Two Tuvan covers actually sent from Kyzyl.


(a) A cover with the |!'
complete airmail set,
cancelled with the
bilingual Mongolian-
French marking:
KIZIL 4.1V.34
TOUVA. Note the
MOSCOU transit
dated 20.4.34.
Received in
Brussells 26.4.34.














(b) A registered
cover No. 92 with
the complete
Zoological set,
postmarked
KbZbL-a
13.11.37 in black
and received in
London 30.11.37.


THE POST-RIDER/HMIIMHK No. 35
November, 1994


------~-----~






Scott Marusiak, North Carolina, U.S.A.
A Tuvan Mixed Franking.


Lush Cotton Products Co.
400 Chestnut Street


Philadelphia


CO2PAbNIE Gf1ft#ALE
TttANATLANt1QtUfc

asgl 3siou6AoH -'
Js~ I8noLNI

The unusual cover shown here was
mailed 11.4.39 by S.B. Lush on a
ship of the French Compagnie
G6n6rale Transatlantique while at
the port of Novorossiisk on the
Black Sea, with the Soviet 15-kop.
Anti-War stamp and two nwan
stamps totalling 37 kop.! It went
through the mails and, if we count
the Tuvan stamps as valid for
postage in the USSR, the cover was
overfranked by 2 kop. for the
foreign surface rate at that time.


This remarkable combination cover was sent registered from Uman', Ukraine 20.3.22, via Moscow Oval
Censorship 4.4.22 to Dr. M. Brender in Berlin. It was franked withfour copies of the 7500 Kiev surcharge,
2 x (250r. + 250r.) and 4 x (250r. + 2000r.) Volga Famine Charities, the total postage paid being 16,500 r.
As of 22.2.22, a registered surface foreign letter cost 30,000 r., so this example was underpaid by 13,500 r.!
EDITORIAL COMMENT: This piece is indeed a remarkable cover and Dr. Mallegni is to be heartily
congratulated for acquiring it!
THE POST-RIDER/HMMIIHK No. 35 79
November, 1994





Stefan Karadian, Michigan, U.S.A.

Two Unusual Armenian Items.


Vi ..i~AC. *IMI~~ .' fOMOJ. Jb~l AE~IRIN CcrIJ~ee OI oR -:II~~
A I.6 5-- -Y- R

UL B -AjE L I 3 P filt FT


(a) A cover from the
American Committee
for Armenian and
Syrian Relief, sent
from Erivan' 2 6 17
O.S. and censored
in SPB (Censor
No.628) on 15.6 17
O.S. Written 1.6.17
O.S. = 14.6 17N S


P I
. qK 4
L ~c p1 d r -
9,-~. -:v I, L~.,i

..tm i;
L



i~~~i-~ ~ *= -- 4.4 1 I .
1 ,- -









XG .Hc
'i ,I _o-ul-



F:4;
?, P,
Mt. ~


~n-'-fV~i JLOTOBM

~~~, .z. ~:r I M










a e z
IL~yD k

;rC~ ~~~d g~?:e~ G or (o


1-,


(b) Here is a card from the Dashnak Republic, sent from Erivan'-d 20.2.20 at the 1-r. rate to Morristown,
N.J., U.S.A. The message reads: "Erivan, Caucasus, Russia Feb. 18/20, Greetings in turn! Your Christmas
card found me here last week I've been in the Near East for a year doing much thrilling Relief work & am
staying on until summer now. Such sights & experience as one sees out here! Hope our trails will cross again
some day, Lady. Loyally, Ruth Henry".
EDITORIAL COMMENT: What a lovely item!
80 THE POST-RIDER/HMMlHK No. 35
80* 14.. 10If-.4


"_ -









REVIEW ''(

OF Akj

LITERATURE -



THE BRITISH JOURNAL OF RUSSIAN PHILATELY, No. 76 for June 1994. A 54-page soft-
bound magazine in A4 (legal size) format, published by The British Society of Russian Philately. All
enquiries to the Treasurer, A.T. Blunt, Riber House, 13 Auden Close, Osbaston, Monmouth, Gwent, U.K.

This issue features an Editorial, Siberian Postmarks: some new discoveries, by P.E. Robinson; SPB 1899
Reg'n Labels, by G.S. Miskin; Rural Revenue Stamps, by J.G. Moyes; The Criminal Post? (Censorship
Activities in 1915), by Yu. Khranilov, trans. P. Walker, furnished by B. Pritt; Chainbreaker Stamps, by A.
Epstein; Rates for Parcels & MOs 1917-1923 (very helpful), by D. Kuznetsov, trans. Ivo Steyn; Current
Events in the FSU, by Ivo Steyn, to terminate with Reviews. Some very sound work here.

THE ROSSICA JOURNAL OF RUSSIAN PHILATELY, No.123 for October 1994. A 92-page
softbound magazine in standard North American format, issued by The Rossica Society of Russian
Philately. All enquiries to Gary A. Combs, 8241 Chalet Ct., Millersville, Maryland 21108, U.S.A.

This number contains an Editorial on questionable CIS issues; Autonomous Regions of Russia & Recent
Local Overprints, both by G. Shaw; Unreported Azerbaijan Printing Error, by P. Bylen; Russian and Soviet
Single-Stamp Frankings, by Ivo Steyn; Zemstvo Stamp Discovery?, Zemstvos for Topical Collectors (very
useful) & Russian Refugee History (fascinating), all by G.G. Werbizky; A Cuban Usage in USSR & Some
Thoughts on G.Eh.O., both by M. Tartakovskii, trans. D. Skipton; "K. 51." Markings (excellent detective
work), by D. Skipton; Japan to Paris via Siberia in 1903, by E. Rasmussen; Russian Postal Censorship in the
Baltic during WWI (magnificent study!), by A. Epstein; Ship Mail from Arctic, by J.B. Holland & P.E. Robinson;
Passport Fees under Nicholas 11, by J.G. Moyes; Fake OKCA covers, by M. Ercolini; From England to
Turkestan via Boston and Russia, by M. Kessler, to end with Society Notes. Quite a feast of information here!

HO1 TA, No. 16 for July 1994. A 50-page softbound journal of The Australia & New Zealand Society of
Russian Philately. All enquiries to the Secretary-Treasurer, Terry Archer, 313 Mahurani Easr Road, Snells
Beach, Warkworth, New Zealand.

This issue has a pertinent Editorial; Correspondence Russia Australia & New Zealand; Moscow-San
Francisco Flight Stamp (comprehensive), by Col. A. Prado; Aviation Division Marking in 1916, by G.G.
Werbizky; Soviet Advertising Propaganda Labels of 1920s (some lovely usages here), by R. Taylor; Chernihiv
PM Provisionals, Arktikos 1992 Expedition, Tupolev's Giant Aircraft, Leaf Letter 1933, Russian Postal Rates
& Russian New Issues, all by Dr. A.R. Marshall; TPO Chardzhui 205 Tashkent-g, by N. Banfield; Automatic
Registration Machines, by H. von Hofmann; New Siberian Postmark & An Unusual Letter, both by T. Archer,
What's happening in Georgia, by J.R Tollan, to end with Literature Reviews. A lot of ground covered here!

IIOwTA, No. 60 for May 1994. A 48-page softbound magazine in A4 format, issued by the Russia, USSR
& CIS Study Group in the Federal Republic of Germany. All enquiries to Hans Kupec, Jurastrasse 30,
D-93161 SINZING, Germany.
THE POST-RIDER/HMIIIK No. 35 81
November, 1994






This number has an Editorial; Society Notes; Early Mail from Siberia, by H.R. Dietrich; Postage Paid in Cash
& Postal Stationery for Automated Mail, both by J. Schneider; Russian and Soviet Watermarks, by L. Utter;
1922 Novocherkassk Famine Issue, by Dr. A. Stollberg; Cover with DERULUFT reg'n label, by H. Kupec;
SPB Postmark Types, separately by W. Nagi & J. Servotte; Theatre Reservations by Mail, by L. Nebenzahl;
Nadezhdinskii Zavod Postmarks, by G. Unger; Bolon' Fish Factory Postmark, by M. Jakel; Illustrated
Postcards 1927-1934, by K. Schauritsch; Sundry Notes, by W. Frauenlob, to end with Literature Reviews,
Adlets and Last-Minute Notices.

No. 61 for October 1994 has been produced on an emergency basis and carries a timely warning about
spurious CIS issues; Society Notes & News about Upcoming Exhibitions; Inflationery Period 1919-1923, by
L. Nebenzahl and, (separately for lovely Siberian examples held by Ivo Steyn), by J. Schneider; Postal
Stationery for Automated Mail, by J. Schneider; ODVF Labels, by V. Pritula & Air Fleet Labels, by J. Krasin
& J. Turchinskii, both trans. Dr. Richter; Mail from Azerbaijan, separately by W. Nietsch & W. Frauenlob;
Russian Levant Varieties & Levant Postal Stationery, both by D. Bettner; Exchange Control Stamp Varieties
(excellent), by E. Fomin; Illustrated Postcards 1927-1934, by K. Schauritsch; Baltic Postal History in 1803,
Notes on Prephilately, Tokio 1964 Miniature Sheet & Soviet Airmails, all by H. Kupec, to end with
Enquiries and Literature Reviews. Both the above issues represent excellent work.

POSTAL CANCELLATIONS OF THE TRANSCAUCASIAN RAILWAY, by P.T. Ashford. An 84-
page softbound book in A4 format, published by the author at 9 Pentre Close, Ashton, Chester CH3 8BR,
England. The price postfree by surface is US $18.00 or equivalent in convertible banknotes.

Following upon the publication of RUSSIAN RAILWAY POSTMARKS, by A. Kiryushkin & P. Robinson,
this work by the leading student of Transcaucasian postal history treats that area in great detail, with numerous
illustrations of cards and covers from leading collections. Please see also p. 71 for further ordering details
and other information. Very strongly recommended!

COBETCKHI KOJIJIEKUHOHEP (The Soviet Collector) No. 27. A 208-page softbound
format, issued by the Union of Philatelists of the USSR and published by "Radio i Svyaz'", Moscow 1990 in
an edition of 40,000 copies. Price 4 r. 30 k.

The last "c6opHmK" or collection of serious articles to appear before the collapse of the USSR, this work
contains Registered Mail St. Petersburg-Petrograd-Leningrad (excellent), by M. Dobin & L. Ratnev; Postal
Rates of Pre-Revolutionary Russia, by B. Kaminskii; International Brigades in Spain, by A. Osyatinskii;
Russian Mutes WWI (SPB, Pskov, Velikie Luki & Estlyandiya provinces), by A. Levin; Riga and Soviet
Booklets (excellent!), by N. Mandrovskii; Urzhum Postcards, by N. Pentina; Archangel Postcards, by Yu.
Barashkov; Pre-War Badges of Leningrad Mint, by M. Gleizer; A.S. Pushkin on Medals, by A. Gdalin &
D. Robinson; Soviet Commemorative Medals, by A. Shaten; Riddle of Fedor Godunov Coins, by 1I Tindo
V. Kleshchinov; Contemporary Soviet Coins 1958-1990, by D. Andreev & E. Gavryushin; Catalogue of
Soviet Bonds, by Yu. Ivonin & Yu. Gogolin; RSFSR & USSR State Lottery Tickets, by V. Terebov, to end
with Toy Soldiers, by P. Kosmolinskii & A. Talanov. All in all, very good value for the money.

IIOqTOBlIE MAPKH PECnYBJIHK IblllEFO CCCP (Postage Stamps of the Republics of the
Former USSR). A 160-page catalogue in softbound A5 format, compiled by V.A. Yakobs and published
by FILA-ROSS Co., Moscow 1994 in an edition of 20,000 copies. No price stated, but available from
Ardalion A. Vinokurov, Denisovskii p. 8/14, kv. 20, Moscow 107066, Russia.

The title is self-explanatory and the compiler makes a valiant attempt to sort out all these issues, adding
cautionary notes about dubious emissions and overprints. Issues of the Baltic Republics are also included.
Profusely illustrated and printed on paper of reasonable quality.

82 THE POST-RIDER/JIMIIUHK No. 35
November, 1994






KOAPbl MOJIJOBA JIHTEPATYPHA5 (KaTarior); compiled by V.M. Babich & Yurii Grekov. A 32-
page booklet in A5 format, printed on excellent coated paper and listing all issues, special postmarks and tariff
revaluations of Moldova from June 1991 to June 1993. Published by BASARABIA, Chisinau, Moldova in 1993.
No price stated, but available from our Journal Fund below on this page.

This most unusual work is beautifully produced and, although the official language of Moldova is Roumanian,
the entire text is in Russian, including a short dedication by Mircea Snegur, the President of the Republic!
Not surprising really, as Bessarabia and Moldavia have been associated with Russia since 1812. All the stamp
issues are shown in full colour, together with the necessary technical data. Quite a conversation piece!

IDHJIATEJIHCT (The Philatelist), being the Bulletin of the Union of Muscovite Philatelists, No.1 for April
1994. A 32-page booklet in A5 format, edited by K.V. Bortsov and published in an edition of 1000 copies. All
enquiries to: CMP, ApMIHCKHIi nep. A. 13, r. MOCKBA UeHTp, Poccna.

This booklet has been distributed free of charge, presumably only thus to local members and contains an
Editorial; Basic Types of Moscow Meter Tariff Revaluations, by A.I. Semenov & D.P. Khromov; Postage
Stamps of Azerbaijan, by E.A. Aizenberg; Postage Stamps & Miniature Sheets issued by the Republics of Former
USSR (catalogue); Postage Stamps of Russian Federation; Stamp-Issuing Plans; PMR Listing, including a useful
map, by V.M. Babich; Postal Codes on Chita Province Postmarks (very useful), by V.P. & P.V. Florenskii, to
end with adlets and short notes. Interesting!

HET BALTISCHE GEBIED (The Baltic Area), No.24 for July 1994. A 76-page softbound magazine in A4
format, issued by this Dutch Study Group. All enquiries to the Secretary, A.C. de Bruin, Ten Passeweg 10A,
NL 8084 AN't Harde, Netherlands.

This issue contains Society News; Postal Developments in Present Day Estonia, by J. van Heeswijk; Piekmaksat
(Latvian TO PAY) Markings, New Developments in Latvia, Literature Reviews & New Lithuanian Society in
Germany, all by Editor R. van Wijnen, to end with Latvian 19th. Grenadier SS Division & 1920 Estonian War
Victims Charity Issue, both by A.C. de Bruin. An excellent overview of the Baltic scene!

THE JOURNAL FUND
Orders should be made payable to the CSRP, Box 5722 Station-A, Toronto, Ont., Canada. All previous titles
are unfortunately sold out.

CATALOGUE OF MOLDAVIAN STAMPS & POSTAL MARKINGS 1991-1993, by V.M. Babich & Yu.
Grekov. A 32-page booklet in Russian and natural colours. Interesting! Price postpaid US $ 5.00.

CATALOGUE OF RUSSIAN ZEMSTVO POSTAGE STAMPS, ENVELOPES & WRAPPERS, compiled
by I.I. Kreving, Moscow 1889. Russian text reprint. Of historic interest! Price postpaid US $ 4.00.

1911 TIMETABLE OF THE SAMOLET VOLGA STEAMSHIP Co. (from Tver' to Astrakhan'). An 84-
page booklet full of informative data for steamer post enthusiasts. Limited supply. Price postpaid US $4.00.

CELISTIVOSTI RSFSR V OBDOBI INFLACE 1921-1923 (Covers of the RSFSR in the Inflation Period
1921-1923), by J. Podhajsky & late V. Zeman. In Czech, but easy to follow. Price postpaid US $ 9.00.

RUSSIA ZEMSTVOS, by F.G. Chuchin. The English edition, reissued by John Barefoot in 1988 with clear
illustrations of all issues in the right places on 92 pages A4 size with Cerlox binding. A very handy reference.
Price postpaid US $18.00.

83
THE POST-RIDER/HMIIHK No. 35
November, 1994








THE COLLECTORS' CORNER
Are you still missing that illusive item from your
collection or philatelic library? Do you have some
duplicate material that you would like to trade or sell?
We can publicise your want-list or duplicates for the
extremely reasonable rate of .25 per line with a
minimum of $1.00 and a maximum of 16 lines. Ads from
collectors only are requested.


The Society disclaims any responsibility for any
misunderstandings between exchanging parties.
For a book about American, British, German and Russian radio plays on historical topics, I would appreciate
leads to unpublished but previously broadcast radio plays of any era.
HOWARD BLUE, 22 Cedar Valley Lane, Huntington, N.Y. 11743, U.S.A.


WANTED: (1) Bugulma Zemstvo 1-38 numeral overprints. Any issue. Mint or used. Singles or Multiples.
Double, triple inverted and other overprint varieties of particular interest. Would also like to correspond
with other collectors of these issues. (2) Bugulma Zemstvo Chuchin Nos. 8,11,15 & 16 in full sheets or
blocks of any size. (3) Wish to correspond with anyone having or knowing the whereabouts of a complete
or.partial copy of the Schmidt & Faberg6 Catalogue of 1907-1916. It appeared in 20 sections, comprising
two volumes of more than 800 pages and covered the districts Akhtyrka to Luga. Please write to:
PAT EPPEL, 108 Pinewood Circle, Apple Valley, Minnesota 55124, U.S.A.


WANTED: Russian revenues, fiscal, vignettes, labels or Cinderella stamps, plus revenue and legal paper,
paper seals, bill-of-exchange cut-outs, and any revenue documents, intact or otherwise. All periods:
Imperial, Civil War or Soviet. Will purchase or exchange.
MARTIN CERINI, 21 W. 12th. St., Huntington Station., L.I., N.Y. 11746, U.S.A.


WANTED: Covers from Klaipida (Memel) Lithuania, from all times but especially the period of Soviet control


(1945-1990). Please send photocopies with prices.
DAVID L:INK, 14745-51 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta,


Canada, T6H 5E6. Tel.: (403) 482-6667.


31 Folk dnace (s/s)..................... ..........
32 UPU, letter writing ...........................
33 Lawyers meeting ...... ........................
34 Embroidery......................................
35 Ukrainians in Austria ......................... ..
36 Kiev Academy .......................................
37 Olympic winners (s/s)...........................
37a Same, F.D.Canc....................................
1993
38-39 Coats of arms..........................................
40 Cardinal Slipiy ......................................
41 Easter............................. ..........
42 Human Rights ........................................
43-45 "Kazak post" imperf... ...............
46 1933 Starvation .......................................
47-48 Air planes ...............................................
Sumy (Ukraine)
1993
1-5 Overprinted USSR stamps 1st issue.......
6-10 Same, 2nd issue ....................................
Tchernovtsy (Ukraine)
1993
,1-15 Overprint USSR stamps ..... .............
16-30 Samebut crnr blks w diff desgn&val.......
UZBEKISTAN
1992
1 Nodira, costume....................................
2 Butterfly ..................................................
3 Jug, rug ........................................


1.00
0.50
0.75
0.50
0.50
0.50
7.00
7.00
4.50
3.00
3.00
2.75
4.00
1.00
9.00

6.00
8.00

9.50
45.00

0.70
0.75
0.50


4
5
6

1993
7-13
14
15-16
17-20


Hiva mosque .....................................
Samarkand mosque .........................
Flag ................................ .............


W ildlife................................ ..............
Same, ss ..........................................
Surcharge on USSR stamps ................
Flag, Coat of arms..............................


Alex Issajenko
World of Coins and Stamps
420 Roncevalles Ave
Toronto Ontario Canada
M6R 2N2

TERMS: Payment should be enclosed with order. Minimum order $20.
10% discount for orders exceeding $100. Add $4 for delivery by Regs-
tered Mail if desired. 7% Canadian GST must be added to all orders.
Ontario residents add 8% for PST. US funds deduct 20%. A'ternae
choices appreciated, and will be used only where necessary. Prompt
refunds in case of sellouts. Any material found unsatisfactory may be
returned for replacement within 14 days. Errors and Omssions Except-
ed.

We have varieties and errors in stock. Please inquire for de'as.
Store Hours: M-F 10am-6pm, Sat 10am-5pm. Phone (416) 533-5383


~--- -~~~-~--mL ~~~i





GAGAUZ REPUBLIC
1993
1-30 Overprinted USSR stmps 3 s-t strips......

GEORGIA
T1993--
1 Flag, Coat of arms (rare) .......................
2-4 UN Admission (flag, map) .....................
5 same, s/s..........................................
KARELIA
1992
1-4 Overprinted USSR stamps ....................
5-10 Overprints (2nd iss.)..............................
1993
11-20 "Petroskoi" overprints............................
11-20a same 5 vert. s-t pairs......................
KAZAHSTAN
1992
1 Treasure (golden man)............................
2 Wild goat ..........................................
3 Painting (train).......................................
4-6 Surcharge on USSR stamps.................
1993
7-11 Sun, Space...........................................
12 Year of the Hen (Astrology) ....................
13-18 Surcharge on USSR stamps .................
19 Space Station............... .... ..........
20 Spaceship (space mail)...........................
21 Old Kazah .............................................
22 President, Map, Cymbol........................
KARABAH (ARMENIA)

1-6 Overprinted USSR stamps....................
7 Overprints (2nd iss.) ................................
KYRGYZSTAN
1992
1 Nature, bird ...........................................
2 Mountain eagle......................................
3 Painting ...............................................
4 Folk craft ....................................... ..
1993
5-11 Heritage.......................... ..........
12 Same, s/s ..............................................
13-20 Surcharge on USSR stamps..................
13-20a Same, 4 vert. s-t pairs...........................
21-23 Same, 2nd iss. ......................................
LATVIA
1991
1-8 Coats of Arms .......................................
9-12 Surcharge on USSR stamps ...................
13-18 "Mother Latvia" statues .........................
1992
19-21 Olympic Committee...............................
22-30 Heraldic statues ....................................
23. 23,24,26,27,29a"Jelgava" overprints ......
31-35 Surcharges (2nd issue) .........................
36-39 "Mare Balticum"(birds) pane ................
36-39a Same, booklet of 2 panes .....................
39b Booklet with counting mark ...................
39c Booklet with plate number....................
39d Booklet with cylinder numb. ...................
39e Booklet with plate & cyl. numb ................
40-43 Christmas............................ .....
1993
44-46 High Value Surcharges .........................
47-52 Folk costumes (Scarce) ........................
47-52a Same, min./s of 6 (Scarce).................
53-55 Song festival......................................
56 Pappal visit...........................................
57 Independance anniversary ....................
58-65 Regional coats of arms .........................
LITHUANIA
1990


20.00



25.00
30.00
45.00


EXP
EXP
8.00
15.00


1.00
0.50
0.75
EXP

5.50
2.50
6.50
3.00
4.00
1.50
3.00


14.50
EXP

0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50

4.50
3.50
5.50
10.00
2.50

17.00
10.00
6.00

5:00
9.50
6.50
12.00
2.00
4.00
8.00
10.00
7.00
12.00
10.00

14.00
75.00
85.00
2.50
2.50
EXP
EXP


1-4
1A
la
1b-2b
1b-2b
1b-2b
5-8
5-8a
1991
9-13
14
15
16
17
18-20
21-23
24-25
26-27
28-29
30-32
33-34
34a
35-38
1992
39
40-42
43-44
45-48
48a
48b
48b
48c
48d
48e
49-51
52-54
1993
55-57
58-60
61-62
63-65
66
67-69
70-72
73-74
73-74a
73-74b
75-76
77-80
81-83
MOLDOVA
1991
1-3
1-3a
1992
4
5-9
10-13
14-19
20
21
22-26
27-31
27-31a
32
33-34
35
36-39
36-39a
40-41
42-44
43-44
45
46-53


Angel (Imperf.) .................................
Three Crosses (local, imp.) ...................
Same, but olive instead of green..........
Proof stamps (rarity).............................
(p) Same, two pairs.................................
(g.p) Same, gutter pair.......................
Angel (simulated perf.) .......................
Same, 4 min./s of 16. ............ ...........

Knight/Crosses/Liberty bell ..................
Liberty monument .................................
Angel with horn .....................................
Knight (imperf.):15....................... .......
Knight:15..............................................
Crosses/Madonna/Church .....................
Fatal june (Triangles) ...........................
Knight (imperf.): .25, .30......................
Sports games......................................
Everest, flag ..........................................
G.Duke Gediminas...............................
Birds ...................................................
"Double Claw" variety..............................
Knights: 40, 50, 100, 500...................

UN admission ..................... .........
Olympic emblems.................................
Flowers.......................... ..............
"Mare Balticum" (birds)BI.Pane ..............
Same, booklet of 2 panes ...................
Numbered Booklet ................................
Booklet with counting mark...................
Booklet with plate number.....................
Booklet with cylinder numb. ...................
Booklet with plate & cyl. numb. ...............
Coats of Arms .................... .............
Folk costumes (Suvalki) ........................

Churches.......................... .............
Surcharge"100"on#11 ,25;"300"on#35....
Independence anniversary......................
G.Duke Vytautas...................................
Same, s/s ..............................................
W riters.....................................................
Coats of Arms .......................................
Unity day/"ituanica".............................
same tate-b. pairs (top to top) ...............
same t-b. pairs (bottom to bottom).........
Knights .................................................
Pappal visit...........................................
Folk costumes (Dzukia)......................


Coat of arms/flag...............................
Same, 3 min /s ......................................


3.50
4.50
10.00
45.00
80.00
60.00
4.00
60.00

6.50
0.50
0.75
0.50
0.50
3.50
3.00
1.00
2.50
3.00
4.00
3.00
4.00
4.00

0.60
3.50
3.00
200
4.00
6.00
600
9.00
8.00
11.00
1.50
1.50

350
3.00
3.50
350
5.00
3.50
3.00
250
5.00
5.00
250
6.50
EXP


3.50
EXP


Nature, bird .......................................... 0.50
Coat of arms.................. ........... 2.50
Jet plane (air mail).................................. 9.00
Birds ....................................................... 8.00
Biserica (palace) ................................ 0.50
Wolf (Romulus and Remus).................. 0.75
Overprints on USSR stamps.................. 275
Summer Olympics................................. 12.00
Same, min.is of 5+label......................... 30.00
Same, s/s ............................................. 25.00
Overprinted #29, 30 .............................. 00
Ceramics............................................... 0.50
Member of UN.................................. 8.00
Same, in 4 min./s .......... ...................... 95.00
Member of UPU (air mail) ..................... 11.00
Columbus.............................................. 6.00
Same, min./s................................... 40.00
Same, s/s ......................................... 25.00
"Grape" surcharge....g................ .......... 4.00
Continued on outside back cover.





1993
54-57 Snakes (s-t block) .................................
58-59 Same, 2 stamps....................................
60-63 Jet plane (air mail, 2nd iss.) ..................
64-70 Birds (2nd iss.) ......................................
71-73 "Grape" surcharge (2nd iss.)................
74-83 Coat of arms............................................
NAHIdVAN
1993
1-2 Leader/Map (s-t)................ ......
3 Same, s/s .........................................
NORTHLANDS (NORILSK)
1993
1-9 Air mail overprints 9 bl of 4.....................
10-13 Overprinted USSR "lcebreakers"imprf....
PRIDNESTROVA
1992
1-8 Flaming sun overprints..........................
9-12 Large fl.sun overprints.....................
13-16 Rider overprints.....................................
13-16a Same, 2 vert. s-t pairs ...........................
13-16b Same, 3 vert. s-t pairs ...........................
13-16c Same, full sheet .................................
17-20 Shining sun o/p .....................................
21 O/p on USSR stamp Suvorov ..............
22-23 Flag, Coat of arms...................................
Tiraspol'(Pridnestrova)
1992
1-4 Horiz. overprints on USSR stamps .........
1-4a Same, s-t pair......................................
5-8 Same, vertical ...................................
5-8a Same, s-t pair .......................... ....
RUSSIA
1992
1-3 Winter Olympics......................................
1-3a Same, in3 min./s .....................................
4 Tigers (s/s) ............................................
5 Victoria Day...........................................
6 Nature, bird .......................................
7 Ice battle (s/s)........... ..............
8 Space (Russia-Germany) ..... .............
9 Discovery of America (s/s) Columbus .....
10-13 Fairy tales characters ....................
14-17 Space (Russia-USA) s-t block.................
18-20 Summer Olympics.................................
18-20a Same, in 3 min./s ..................................
21-23 Travellers .............................................
23a Same, min./s one R...............................
24-26 Ducks ....................................
24-26a Same, min./s ........................................
27 Rubliov painting.......................................
27a Same, min./s ............... ..................
28-29 Verschagin Art s-t strip + 1 ...................
28-29a Same, min./s of 5 strips...... ..............
30-32 Moscow Kremlin Churches ...................
30-32a Same, in 3 min./s ..................................
33-36 Nutcracker ballet (s-t block) ...............
37-40 Icons (s-t block) .............................
41 New Year '93...........................................
41a Same, min./s ......................................
42 Monument to Columbus ...... ..............
43-62 Definitives values from 10k-500R ..........
1993
63-66 Swanlake ballet (s-t block) ....................
67-71 Fairy tales (s-t strip) ............................
72 Vyborg tower .........................................
73 Victoria day (tank battle) ......................
74-78 Interior flowers.......................................
76-77a Same, 2 min./s .......................................
79-81 Definitives................................................
82-86 Space research .....................................
87 Same, s/s ................................
88-92 Silver craft ............................................
89-92a Same, 2 min./s 25R + 100R....................


16.00
8.00
19.00
24.50
1.75
17.00


25.00
35.00

30.00
7.50

EXP
EXP
2.50
4.00
6.00
45.00
EXP
EXP
6.00


93 Silver craft s/s...................... .............
94-95 Definitives...................... .............
96-98 Novgorod Kremlin palaces....................
96-98a Same, in 3 min./s ..................................
99 Same, s/s "Icon".....................................
100 Russia-Denmark (map) ...........................
101-104 Ducks ................................... ............
101-104a Same, min./s ........................................
105-108 Marine animals......................................
105-108a Same, min./s .........................................
109-114 Art, craftworks.......................................
115 Currency printing..............................
St.Petersburg (Russia)
1993
1-2 Overprinted USSR stamps (S.Pb)...........
1-2a Same, in vert. s-t pair............................
3-4 Overprinted USSR stamps (Len.ob.) ......
5-8 Same, 2nd emission..............................
5-8a Same, 2 vert. s-t pairs...........................
5-8b Same, inverted surcharge.....................
5-8c Same, 2 vert s-t pairs inverted ...............
TADZIKISTAN
1992
1 National treasure.....................................
2 Mosque ..............................................
3 Musical instruments ..............................
4 Ram................................. .............
5-6 Surchrg on USSR stamps'3.00"&'100.'..
7-8 Surcharge "5.oo' & 25.oo on #2..............

9-10 Surcharge "'15.oo'&'50.oo' on #3...........

9a Same, blue surcharge .............................
9b Same, inverted surcharge .....................
11 Surcharge 60.oo on #1 ..........................
TATARSTAN
1992
1-2 Overprinted USSR stamps......................
la Offset on back.......................................
TURKMENISTAN
1992
1 Jewelled ornament................................
2-3 Snake/Wild horse ....................................
4 Orament ................................................
5 Theatre building ....................................
6 Costume................................................
7 Rider............................. ................
8 Coat of Arms...........................................
9 President.................. .........................
9a Same, Mirror impression.......................
10 Map of the Country (s/s)..........................
11-15 Summer Olympics (s-t strip)....................
16 Same, s/s ..............................................
17 Rug................................ ................
18 Musical instrument................................
19-22 Overprint "Horsehead" on #8 ..................
23-26 Same, on #7..........................................
27-31 #11 -#15 surcharged..............................
32-36 #11-15 surcharged (Olympic)..................
32 #16 surcharged .....................................
1993
33 Presidents of USA and Turkmenistan.....
UKRAINE
1992
1-2 Kazaks/Settlers in Canada....................
3 Musician Lysenko..................................
4-15 Trident" overprint .................................
16 Getmans of Ukraine (sheet) ..................
16a Same 2nd issue on diff stamp.................
17 Writer Kostomarov ................................
18-25 Narbut (national symbol) .......................
26-28 Summer Olympics...................................
29 World forum of Ukrainians.....................
30 Flag, trident ...........................................
Concluded


0.75
5.00
1.50
0.25
0.60
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
6.00
1.00
6.00
0.75
4.50
1.25
4.00
0.25
2.50
1.00
5.00
0,50
4.00
2.50
2.00
0.25
2.00
0.60
30.00

2.50
2.00
0.25
0.25
2.50
EXP
EXP
4.50
4.00
4.00
7.00


5.00
EXP
1,50
EXP
3.00
1.25
8.00
12.00
8.00
12.00
6.50
1.75

2.00
6.00
EXP
6.00
20.00
30.00
75.00

0.90
0.50
0.50
0.50
EXP
4.00

600

1.00
500
a00

1.00
200


0.90
1.00
1.50
1.50
1.50
EXP
EXP
3.00
00
4.00
6.00
19.00
0.50
0.50
EXP
EXP
9.00
9.00
25.00

5.00


200.
0.75
9.00
30.00
35.00
0.50
1.50
1.50
0.50
0.50
on p. 84




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