• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Advertising
 Table of Contents
 Editorial: Recent developments...
 Correspondence with Canada
 The 1940 KOGIZ price-list of stamps...
 The 1930 Graf Zeppelin set and...
 Mute circular datestamp postmarks...
 Postage stamps of the Zemstvos
 About the postal rates of the Ukraine...
 The Spartakiada round-up
 Oval railway postmarks IV
 Franco-Russian friendship...
 Philatelic shorts
 The collectors' corner
 Advertising






Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076781/00031
 Material Information
Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider
Series Title: Yamshcik = Post-Rider
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Canadian Society of Russian Philately
Publisher: Canadian Society of Russian Philately
Place of Publication: Toronto
 Subjects
Subject: Stamp collections -- Russia   ( lcsh )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076781
Volume ID: VID00031
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Advertising
        Advertising
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Editorial: Recent developments in our sphere
        Page 2
    Correspondence with Canada
        Page 3
    The 1940 KOGIZ price-list of stamps for collections
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    The 1930 Graf Zeppelin set and associated material
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
    Mute circular datestamp postmarks for soldiers' mail in 1916-1917
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
    Postage stamps of the Zemstvos
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
    About the postal rates of the Ukraine during the Civil War
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
    The Spartakiada round-up
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
    Oval railway postmarks IV
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
    Franco-Russian friendship stationery
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
    Philatelic shorts
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78-79
    The collectors' corner
        Page 80
    Advertising
        Page 81
        Page 82
Full Text
































































Miwed hi Cmmsu






HARPMERS AUCTIONS SA
SWITZERLAND


Via Pocobelli 16
CH-6815 Melide The Canadian Society of
Russian Philately
Telephone 091/68 42 85 Box 5722 Station A
Telefax 091/684294 Toronto
Ontario
CANADA M5W 1P2



11 November 1992




Dear Sirs,

We have the pleasure to inform you that HARMERS AUCTIONS
S.A. has been entrusted to sell at auction the renowned
collection of RUSSIA belonging to Mr. Michel Liphschutz of
Paris, who received three International Grand Prix and over
ten Large Gold Medals at F.I.P. Exhibitions. The
"LIPHSCHUTZ RUSSIA COLLECTION" will be sold at public
auction in several parts, of which the first part is
scheduled for May 1st, 1993 in Switzerland.

The sale will contain magnificent and unique material of
CLASSIC RUSSIA, MARITIME & FLUVIAL POST, RUSSIA USED IN
CHINA, MONGOLIA, MANDCHURIA, and SINKING.


We would be pleased to inform collectors of RUSSIA, through
advertising in your Journal, of this rare opportunity to
acquire items from what is surely the most complete and
remarkable collection of Russia ever to have been formed to
date and representing sixty years of avid research in this
area. We would be grateful for your suggestions as to the
most effective way to reach members of your Society
interested in our specialized sale of the "LIPHSCHUTZ RUSSIA
COLLECTION, Part I".

We thank you for your kind attention and look forward to
hearing from you.
Yours sincerely,


Andrew Claridge
Director
CSRP NOTE: Our members are strongly uraed
to apply for these catalogues, as they
will be the standard reference for years
to come!









MHK


THE CANADIAN SOCIETY OF
RUSSIAN PHILATELY
P.O. BOX 5722 Station 'A', TORONTO,
ONTARIO, CANADA, M5W 1P2
"ihe Post-Rider" No. 31.


December 1992.


CONTENTS:


2 Editorial: Recent Developments in Our Sphere
3 Correspondence with Canada
4 The 1940 KOGIZ Price-List of Stamps for
Collections
13 The 1930 Graf Zeppelin Set and Associated
Material
34 Mute Circular Datestamp Postmarks for
Soldiers' Mail in 1916-1917.
40 Postage Stamps of the Zemstvos
52 About the Postal Rates of the Ukraine
during the Civil War
56 The Spartakiada Round-Up


Oval Railway Postmarks IV
Franco-Russian Friendship Stationery


Allan L. Steinhart
Andrew Cronin
Dr.G.A.Ackerman, A.
Cronin & R. Taylor
Alexander Epstein
Alex Artuchov
Oleksandr Ivakhno
A. Cronin, R. Taylor
and Dr. D. Voaden
Rev. L. L. Tann
M.Lamoureux, Col.A.
Prado and A.Cronin


76 Philatelic Shorts
79 Journal Fund
80 The Collectors' Corner


COORDINATORS OF THE SOCIETY: Alex Artuchov, Publisher & Treasurer
P.J. Campbell, Secretary
Andrew Cronin, Editor
Rev.L.L. Tann, CSRP Representative in
the United Kingdom.
The Society gratefully thanks its contributors for helping to make
this an interesting issue.
(1992. Copyright by .The Canadian Society of Russian Philately. All
rights reserved. All the contents in this issue are copyright and
permission must be obtained from the CSRP before reproducing.


Philately most foul
Chauvinism is on the rise in Romani Our question is:
When a group of ethnic Hungarians in what do the
that country held a conference recently, Romanians have
a nationalist newspaper dubbed it a
"congress of witches, stampcollectors, against grave-diggers?
homosexuals and grave-diggers."
Source: The Sunday Times.


^P?6St-KILER


In


d


















IEDITORIAL
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN OUR SPHERE

The latest philatelic reports received from the former Soviet Union are
discouraging and the salient points seem to be as follow.

Because of the general breakdown of authority and supervision, forgeries
of material in our sphere from the "improvement" of postmarks and
entire to complete counterfeits, are becoming far more dangerous and
prevalent. It is a question of the buyer beware, as there is only
rudimentary legislation in place against forgery. In the tightly
controlled Soviet system, such legislation was barely deemed necessary.

The present situation has led to some curious results. The Lithuanian-
overprints on Soviet stamps of July 1941, avidly collected as occupation
issues by German philatelists and regarded as liberation issues by local
collectors, are now shunned in Lithuania, since about 99% of such
material available in that country is forged. You have been warned.

The general standard of living, which was woefully low in Soviet times,
has declined drastically, with speculation, crime and blatant corruption
now being rife. All the indications are that things will get even worse
in the years to come before the economies of the CIS can be turned around.
The last issue received of the Russian monthly "Filateliya" was dated
as July 1992 and it may soon go under completely.', due to the lack of
funds and volunteer workers. The same situation applies to the magazines
"Filatelija Lietuvoje" (Philately in Lithuania) and "Kauno Filatelistas"
(The Kaunas Philatelist).

It seems obvious from the foregoing that things are not going to improve
in the republics until there is a drastic change there in mentality, an
elimination of corruption and privileges and the adoption of consistent
and diligent work habits and initiative. With the present severe
recession elsewhere in the world, we are ourselves also badly off. Let
us hope that, with the end of the debilitating Cold War, life will
gradually become better for all of us on this troubled planet.
*
SPECIAL NOTE: Readers are reminded that all the coordinators of the CSRP
are fully engaged in earning their livings and thus do not have the time
to answer individual requests or queries. Those of general.interest will
be dealt with in future issues of "The Post-Rider". Please bear with us!
All opinions expressed in this issue of "The Post-Rider" are those of the
respective authors and not of The Canadian Society of Russian Philately.
*








CO*R ESOPONDENCE V C l
WI TH CANADA I

"CORRESPONDENCE WITH CANADA" is a regular
feature of this journal. Anyone having
interesting Russian mail to Canada is l
invited to share it with our readers, Bb
by forwarding a photograph or xerox KAHAj y
copy of the item, along with some
explanatory text to the Editor.


AN IMPERIAL COVER FROM ESTONIA TO CANADA

by Allan L. Steinhart.









'i -. .. J _- ....... 4,S"'_






The envelope shown here with a vertical pair of the 8-kop.Arms 1875 paid
a total rate of 16 silver kopeks, then equivalent to 64 gold centimes V
6d.. sterling 1 13 cents U.S. It was sent from Vezenberg (now Rakvere in
Estonia) on 28 March 1878 O.S. (9 April N.S.) and addressed to Frederick
A. Dickson, Esq. at the Department of Public Works in Ottawa, Canada.
The item presumably went overland across the German Empire, where the
manuscript accountancy notation "fr 15" was possibly applied at bottom
left on the front of the cover. It then went through London, England,
where the accountancy mark "1d" (15 gold centimes or 3 cents U.S.) was
struck and the article marked PAID (see the circular impression of
LONDON-A / 16? AP 78 at centre left). It was backstamped on arrival in
Ottawa on 29 April 1878 N.S., being 20 days in transit.

By referring both to the Canadian postal archives and the article
"Postal Rates of Pre-Revolutionary Russia" by Boris Kaminskii (see "The
Soviet Collector" No.23, pp.3-16), one can build quite a story around
this cover. The Russian Empire officially became a foundation member of
the Universal Postal Union on 19 June 1875 O.S.(1 July N.S.) and the UPU
rates went into effect on that day. Inter alia, the agreement with the
UPU specified that the general tariff for ordinary letters should be









fixed at 25 gold centimes, but, as a temporary measure, each member
country had the right to lower the rate to 20 gold centimes (then worth
5 silver kopeks), or raise it to 32 gold centimes (8 silver kopeks).
Hence the appearance of the 8-kopek Arms stamp on 19 June.1875 O.S.

Looking at the situation from the country of destination, Canada became a
member of the UPU on 1 July 1878 N.S. and the UPU rates went into force
there on 1 August 1878, i.e. three months after the arrival of this cover.
We therefore have at least two possibilities to consider. This fully pre-
paid article was either a double-weight letter (up to 2 lots f 30 grammes
S1 oz.), thus requiring 16 kop. postage, or there was a special rate to
Canada, which was not yet a member of the UPU. An interesting item in
either case, including for specialists in Estonian postal history. So far
as Canadian specialists are concerned, this is a pre-UPU piece.
.*

THE 1940 KOGIZ PRICE-LIST OF STAMPS FOR COLLECTIONS

by Andrew Cronin.

This 16-page booklet is reproduced here in full for the benefit of CSRP
subscribers, as it contains some interesting information. Printed in
20,000 copies, it sold for 50 kop. at that time.

A word first about the prices. The rouble was then officially fixed at
four .to the U.S. dollar, i.e. 25 cents or roughly one shilling sterling.
However, in terms of purchasing power, it was closer to ten to the dollar.
Whatever the rate, there were some great bargains to be had in those days,
especially in the Tuvan provisionals of 1932-1933 (Scott Nos.35-38),
which are now highly priced in the catalogues.

The work is especially useful in showing what was then made available to
local philatelists, often in the form of incomplete sets. In general,
complete sets were earmarked for sale abroad, so as
earn valuable foreign currency. Note that there were
only six philatelic shops throughout the whole country
in Khar'kov, Kiev, Leningrad, L'vov, Moscow and
Rostov-on-Don, i.e. three each in the RSFSR and the
Ukraine. That brings us to an interesting question,
raised by the used copy of the 50-kop. Dirigible
Construction stamp in the grey-blue error of colour shown here. The
bilingual postmark reads KIEV / KYYV d k 17.2.36. As pointed in "The
Post-Rider" No.30, p.18, the initials "d-k" stood for "dlya kollektsii",
i.e. for sale to philatelists. The point is, was this cancellation-to-
order applied in Moscow prior to distribution to the six KOGIZ outlets,
or was the canceller sent to the Kiev shop for usage there? In the
latter case, did each of the KOGIZ shops receive its own "d-k"
postmarked? If so, does anyone have "d-k" markings in the same style for
the other five KOGIZ stores?

Comments on the above questions and on the contents of the booklet
would be welcomed from the readership.


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1929-32

1929-32
1931-32

1931-32

1929
1929
1930

1930

1930o

1930

1930'

1930
1931
1931
1931
1931
1932


4 : HaHrneUonaunne apoK U EHA
S t S &


HamnezazK.a. ,8 Kon." ua 7 Kon. .Map-
'e .(c H3o6paeHHEeM .-pacHoap-
mePt a) .. .. 2
repsaa aBHononQonaa xoauepeHguHa
15 .. 1
X-AeTHe OxTa6pbCKHo PeBOAIOUHH
3, 5, 8, 14, 18 28 ... .. 6
HaAneqaTa ,,8 x." Ha 7 Kon. io6a-
AeAnbIx MafKax .. .4
YAyqmenH,,bi Bbnycx, 1.K.-80 x. 15
X.AeTae KpaoHon. ApuMH, 14 K. H
18 K. ... . 2
C nopTpeToM B. H. AeaHia, 3, 5,
a 10. p ByMara C BOaAIHM. SHa-
KOM. C sy6uaMH. :. .* 3
Tome, ramieabe .. ... 3
CTaHAapTHIba BbipycK, 1 K. 15 K.,
50 ..-80 K, .3 p. ...... 13
Tome, 1 x.-3. p., ralmenube.. .. 16
CTaHAapTHbliI DblnyCH, 1 R. 1 P.
Bea y6B .. -. 9
Tome, 1, 2,. 3, 5, 30. i. 1 p. ra-
SmeHble ..* *: .. 6
.3a HAycTpuaAsuagaio CCCP .: 4.
Towe,Hb, 20 28. .. .. 3
.3A CTT HaAHau.Uio"CCCP :-..- 4

(604HoUeTrH~e) .:. ;. *. 2
X-AeTAe 1-a KOHHQi ApmHH, 2, 5 H
14 x.. . .. ... "3
Bcecoioaunaa neAaror4qecra, BbICTaB-.
KR ... .*.. .* 7,' ** ;* ^
InptieT aB MociXy apma6aSUAa ,EZ-
127". .. ... 2
-XXV-AeTae PeBOAnosHH 1905 r. C
sy61jaMH. ..... ..... 3
Toaes 6ea sy6oB .... 3
fapuma6AecTpoeaue. Bee sy6U. 5
Tome, rameHbse (Ha KoHepTe) 5
AHpama6AecTpoeCae. C sy6.- ... 5
Tome,.10, 20 H 50. 3
Tome,. 15 x. rpaBHpoaHHua 1


- 60K.. .

2 p. 25 K.

7 p.'CO K.

3 p. 20 f.
12 p. 50,K.
I p. 50 K.
?
24 p. 00 K.
. .p. 50K.

7 p. 70 K.
2 p. 10 K.

9 p. 00 K.

4 p. 00 x.
* p. 7$ ,

I p. 25 K
1 p. 50 K.

S- 25 K:

1 p. SO K.

1i p. 10 a.
1 p. 10 K;
15 p. CO K.
iS"p. 00co K:
12 p. 00 x.
S p. 50 K.'
- 75 K.


94

95

96

97

98

99.
100'
101
102
101

105
107
108
109

110
111

112

113
117

* 118
119

.120.
122.

123
124'
125


1931

1931

1931

1931

1931

1932
1932
1932!
1932
1932
1932
1932
1932
1932

1932


1932-33
1933


1933
19332-

1933
1933

1933
1933
1933
1933
1933


75
77

78
79

80

81
82
83

84

85

86

87

83
89
90
91
92
93


4nHpur a6Aec 'potaHe, 50 '. acniAHO* -'
: cHHnaR (owhi6Ja eTa). .. .1
ApxTHqeoioxkhiA poc AbOKoAa ,.Ma-
AblrPHH". Bea 3y6 .' 4
Tome, co cnet. I nmTeMneAASMH rame-
Hna ,(ia, KOHBepTre H OTKpbITe) .
AprKTnecmxff -pei4c AAo4KOAa ,Ma-
Abirau". C sy6. .. .. 4
Tome, co.-cneg. mTeMneAaMH rame- -
.HHa (Ha KoHBpTe) -: : 4
Cnemaan noqTa,; 5 H 10. .. 2
.Tome, 5, 10 1 80 K. raueimeaib .':. 3
,2-t emAeayapoA1ibia noAfpHbi8l ro4 2
,Tome, raumeHbe .. .Z 2
40-AeTAe A$TopaTyp Horo TBop.qecTi a
M. ropbKoro, 35 K. .1
Tome, 15 x., raumeHie .. .. .. 1.
.XV-AerTe. OTIZ6pbCKOiI POBOAiOUH 7
Tome, 3, 5, .15,, 20.u 30 5
*Tome, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 H 30 K., ra-
meIUHbI .... .. ... .6
c ~HAaTeAHcTHqecKas BsinraKa-s Mo-
CKBx 1 Kx. .. .' .. 1
cJHAgaT8ACTHaqeCKal tbIOTKaDBna Ae-
Iu HHrpaAe 15 x.+30 K. 1
l)HAaTeAHicTHceCKaa BbICTaBKa B Mo-
cxe, 16K.' AenHarpaAe, 15+30 K.
rameau e ,. ..-. ... 2
THaorpapHnecKa. cepRa .. 21
50-AeTHe co 4Ha OMepT KI. MapRca,
S3 10 K .. ...... .... 2
Toma, raweaHe '... .. 2
raMaTrH aeaTeAefl PeBoAlo~o, 1~j-2,
3,4 5 ... .. ...... 5
CTpaTocTaT sa. MocKBsl,.l10 H 20 i 2
XV-A.~re ypeA eHHs OpAeHea Kp,.
-, 3HameHH .. 1
-IaMaTH 26 '6.a.CIxcKx o0MHCCeapB 5
Tome, 4, 5, 20, .H 35 .: .. 4
iTome, .4, 5, 20 K.,.rameubie .. 3


15 p. 00 0 .
11-p. 00 0.
11 p. 00 k.

16 p. 00 c.

30 p. 00 K,
2 p. 00oK.
p. 75 ..
30 p. 00- x
5 p. 00 K..

1 p. 75 K.
25 K.
7 p. 50 K.
3 p. 00o .

2 p. 00 a.

1 p. 00 K.

6 p. 00. .

1 p. 50 K.
8 p. 00. ..

1 p. 00 K.
S1 p. 00-K.

1 p. 70K.
3 p. 00 K.

- 75 '.
9 p. 00 K.
6 p. 00 K.
1 p. A K.









-

HaHuexosan a Mapox IEHA
.93
- -~ II, H


126
.127
.128.

129
180
132
136
138
189
140
142.
143
144
146
147
148
149

152
154
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164


1934
1934
1934
1934
1934
1934
1934
,1934
1934
1934
1934.
1934'
1935

1935
1935:
1935.
1935
1935'

1935
1935
1935
1935
1935
1936
1936.
1937

1937:
1937,


X-AeTHe rpamaCaHcKoq aBnauaHH, 5, 10
a 20 r. ByMara 6es BO. s. ..
Tome, 5, 10, 20. ,80 K., ralmenbe .
X-AeTre rpam4aacxofi aBHaUHH, 50 K.
ByMara c BOARHbIM SHnaOM .
Tome, 5, 10, 20 50 H 80 X. FaieHbie
MaesoAeB B. h. Aenana, 5, 15, 20
H 35K. .. ... ...
350-AeTre co AHa cMepru. Hilepono-
RaTuHKa MB. oAopoa .
100-AeTHe co Ann porn4eHna 4. 4H.
MeHaeAqesa, 5 K. .
AupnHa6An CCCP, 5, 10.. 20 .
Tome, 5' K., rameHbie.. -.
10-AeTle co AHn CMoepT B. H.Aealiaa,
3 H 10 .
3 lBO .Bb ...................
AHTaBoesnbI1 asnyca, 5 K. .
Tome, raueble ...... ..
B naarTb. Cuaceauas %CAOCKHleOB,
1 K.-25 K., 40,x. H.50 a. ... .
Tome, 1, 3 H 5 ...........
Tome, 1 x.-50 K., -raiemie .
MoCKBOCzoe eMTpO, .5, 10 H.:20 cK, .
CnoprTanan cepna, 2, 4, .5, 10. x
15 .. .. '.. .
40-AeTre cowAH OMopT CQp. aHreAboa,
.5 H 10 K. .. ... .. ..,
KoHrpecc HpaHoKoro HCKyccTBa, .10,
15 1,35 .. .... .
60-AOeTe M. H. KaAHHn a .......
Tole, raueHbe
25-AeTae co AHf CMOPTH A. H.
T ACToro .. . .
Tome, rameuie. .... .. .. .
lHosHepcxaa copHR .. .... ..
Tomee, 1,.2, 3, 5 10 K..rawmeAe .
100-eTae .co H' CMePTAH A. "C.
ITlymjwna. Meosaa 6yMara. .. .
Tome, 10, 20 H 40 K., rameHne .
100-AerTe co asH CMOpTH A. C.
nlymacKHa. O6SuKoa. 6yara ..


t og
H ao HA
SHaHnOnouae mapox jEHA
,^ J_^___________________;*I


I


166
167,

168
169
170
171

.172
176
177
178
179'


3
4
1
5
4

2
1.
3
1

2
1
1
9:
3
10
3.
5

S2

3
4
4.

3
3
6
5

6
3
5


9 p. 00 x.
6 p. 00 K.
S.p. 00 x.
20 p. 00 K.

4 p. 75 K.
5 p. 75 Kx.
- 'S50 K.
2 p. 00.
- 25 a.

I p. 50.
- .75 Ka
,, 25 .
12 p. 0 .K.

. 1 p.. 50 '
4 p:. 00 K.
4 p..50S,.

I p. 0 'K.
6 p. 50 K.
S2 p. 25 x.
- .95 K.

2 p. O0 K.i
- 90 Ka
2 p. 50 i.
.- 75 K.

4 p. 00 a.
- 40 X.

3 p. 50 K,


1937

1937
1937
1937
1937
1937
1937
1937
1937
1937
1937.
1937
1938
1938
1938
1938.
1938
.1938
1937-3
1938
1938


1938
1938
1938
1938
1938.


Baox B naMRTb *OTKpbITHr io6nAefiaoll
nymiulao KH s bIcTaBKH, 10 K. + 50 K.
Tome, cb cnepHaAbnHbM ulTeMneAeM
ramenui . .
ApxuTeKTypHaa cepHa. C sy6gam .H
Tome, 3, 5, 10 H 15 K., rauebie .
BAoi t B IaMTab OTKpbITHr 1-ro c'e3a
coBeTCKax apxTeaCTOpOB (4X40 K.)
Tome, co cneiHaAbHblM WuTeMneAeM
rameHi a . .
10-Aerie co Aia CepTH 0). S.
4CepHucixKoro (1926-1936). .
BAOK BosAymHool noTb= (4X1 .)
Bo0AymnHa noqta. CaMoAeTh, CCCP
Tome, 10, 20, 30, 40 a 50. K., ra-
u He ... .
BoAymnaas SKcneaaHUg Ha cebepHblit
noAoc .. .. ........
Tome, 10, 40 u 80 x., rawea~ie
C nopTperoM WUoTa PyeTaBeAH .
Tome, raUmeabu .
naIBHAbOH CCCP Ha. BbcTawBKe B ia-
puHe B 1937 r..... .. ..
Tome, 5 p. a 20 K., raWeSble .
XX.aoTae Kpacaot ApMHH H BoeH-
Ho-MopCK aOr aora ......
Tome, ramwome .
1*. 6ecaocagAonma npeoAeT CCCP-:
CLUA qepes cepepabi nomoc .
2-98 ecnocaAOIHIaM nepeAeT CCCP-
CLUIA epea. ceBepHbl 'noAioc .
Tome, rame .
rep6bi CCCP o Colos bx Pecny6-
AHK ... . .
CHaTHe nanaeHHHeB Co AbAlbHU .
Tome rauieHbie ... ..
A4eTcKan COpH ... ..
Tome, 10, 15, 40, 50 H 80 r., rawe-
HbI e . .
BHAbi KpuMa H K&niasa, 5, 5, 10,
10, 16 H 15 K. .' .


180
181.
182
183

185
.. -~ .8

186
187
188
. 9 .
.189.
190
191.
192
193
.194
195


ii,:


1
I
1
8
4

1
1
4
1
7
5
4
3
1
1

3.
2
7
7
4
.3
3

12
4
4
7

5
6


4 p. 00 K.
5 p; 00 K.
S5 p. 00 x.
75 .

4 p. 0C x.
5 p. 00 K.

2 p. 50 r.
7 p. 50 K.
5 p. 00 .

1 p. 00 .
2 p. 25 x.
-- 90 .
40 .
--. 20 .

I p. 20 x.
2- 20 ,.

2 p. 00 K.

2 p. 00 a.
1 p. SO30.
.65 .

3 p. 90 K.
1 p. 50 K.
75 K.
3 p. 25 K.
-.. 95 N,

1 p. 20 K.







'K
K
0.
4)C


.196
197
198
199
200

201

202
203.

204
205

206
207
208
209

210
211.

21/2
213

214
215
216
217

218
219
220
221

222.
223

224.


0
1I


HausenonaHnHe- apox


1938
.1938
1038
1939
1939

1939

1939
1940

1940
1989
1939

1939
.19839
19J9
1939

1939
1939


1939

19J9
1939
1939
19J9
1939
1939
1939
1939


1939
1939,

-1939'


0
HanuMeaonaHie mapox g x



Tome, rameaie ...:: -.:. 6 ::... 6
ABHocnopTH.rabi .ut CKi.. ."." 9
Tome, raumeahe ;. .. ... 9
PeKOHCTpyx .a MocKBbi, 20, 30 H 40 K; 3
IlepeAeT MocKBa-g4abHi'l. BOCTOK,
15 K. .. .. 1
rIaBHAbo CCCP: ha 'bmoTaBoe -. B
Hbio-AopKe..C ;yO6aM .-- 2
Tome, rameirae -:.:. .. ... ... "2
IIaBHAbOHl CCCP Ha BbIOTauOe B
HbIo-RbpXK. ea. sy6goB : 2
Toze, rameHble .' .; ..: 2
Bcecoosuaan.. ceAbcEoxosafierur eraA
BbICTaKa 1939 r. ... :: :....... 10
Toze, ram ue . 10
,eab AnnagaHH ...... :. .. 5
Toae, ramuHbie ...... .. ... ... .5
:50-AeOTe co AWHa oBpTH M. E. CaA-
TblXosa-je.4pua ..... .- '4
Tomae, rameube ... ;... 4
CTatAapTHbIJf aBnycK, 5, 15, 30,
30/4 i. 60 x. ByMara -6.63 .BOASRHO-:
roa axa .. ... 5
rToe, ramoue.... .. .". ... 5
,C opTporou .B.; H..Aaana,'3:py6. .
ByMara 6es Bso. '... .... 1
Toe, rarmeHB e ....... ;.... 1
C ndpTrp. oTM ;B; H AeHHHaa -5 py6. ','
ByMara 60ear so..'.. ,-, ....,.. 1
To ei, raiueH ire : .:.:-. ;.- ~ '
C ndpperoa TB. H.-AenHaa,10 py0;':
ByMara 6ea sBO. 3a. ... .. 1
Toad, ramen e.:.:a.... '. .: .:.. .;. .. 1
KypopTM ItasaKa .... ...... ... 8
Toad, rameUHe ..:: .. .. 8
*125-eTwe co AHs poaonaOn M. 10.
AdpMoHToa .... '3
Toad, rameuMue....... ... 3
50-Aerae co AHa CMepaT H. r. qep- .
HbumecKoro.; ....:.. ... '. :. 3
Toae, rameraie :..;. .: 3


JUEHA.



S. 60 .
4 p. O5 x.
S1 p. 75 K.
1 p. 25 x.

-'. SO K.

*1 p. 25*K.
50 V.

'1 p. 90 x.
1 p. 00 cK.
7'p. 50 x.
3 p. 00 i'.
4 p. 00 K.
.1 p. 75 'K.

2 p. 40 K.
.1 .p. 20 K.


2 p. 25 K.
1 .p. 00~ ..

4 p. 50 a.
1 p. 50 K.

7 p. 50 K.
3'p. o0t..'

.15 p. 00 it.
-6 :i.:00: .:
4 p. 00 R.
S. p. 85 t..

,1 p. 40 :.
6-. 65..

:.1 p. 60%.
- 75 K.


225

226:
227


. 228
229

230
231'

232
233

284


246
247

248
249


1940

1940
1940


1940
1940

1940
1-940

1940
S1940
1940


1923-25
1925

1925
1925:


1921-22

.1923i

1923

1923



'1922:

1922
.


CeregHAbHEbil sMbiycc, 1 p.-
S5.000 p. ,. ...
Ha.AneqaTKa SBaeAbI4 S3CCDCP"
ua 10, -017;-25, 35 50 K-. .
Toae, Ha 1 p. Bea sy6gdB .. ..
HaAnesaTRa (ryMepaTopoM) HOBOI
cTOWMocTra 25.000 750.000. py6."
HaAneeaTKa (KaiyK. WTeMn.) HOBOo
TOMOrTH 50,0000-500000.00 py6..
4. ApMeHHa
nepBbit CqaesTCrKHli BnycbyK,. 50-:
15,000 p. Bea ay6ioa. *..'. .
B u q y.C K 1922 r, 100, 10.000 H
S20.000 py6 : ..-:- .:0: .. .


I' I ________________ __ .


10


, I


252

253

254
256

257



271,

273


UJEHA.


80-AerTe co swr .poiAreasn A. lH
4exosa .. .... .. :.. '
Toae, rameHMe '*.*
OcBo6oamAeHe 6paTCKHX HapoAoB'
3anaoBofl YKpaHHbi H 3anaAlHoi Be-
AOpyccuH .
Tome, rameHe .b *. .
B osauaMeioBaHue naA IpHoa siccre-
AIHgH AeAOKOAa ,,r. CeAOB" '
Tome, rameHbe
10-AeTHe co.AHq cMepTi B. B. Ma4
KoaBCoro .
-Toae, rameabre .. *
20-AeTae co AHf CMepTH 1. A. Tm-.
uMpaseBa .
Tome, raWeHble
2. AonnaTHble MapHH
HaneqaTx a: ,,AonAaTa" H HOMHHaAbI
Cne*I&AbHbIPi BbinycK. AnTorp. 'ne;
9aTb * .* *.
Toze THnorpaKa neaT .' ...
'Tose, BOASHbaM i8MKOM .

3. AsepOiaAgaaH


I


1 p. 25 K.
- .0 K.


4 p. 25 K.
2 p.10 K.

3 .p. 00 K.
I p. 65 K4

S3p. 10 K.


2 p. 00 K..
I p. 00 x.


.. 75 .

I p. 90 K..
-. 90 K.
1 p. 05 x.



- 75 i;

1 p. CO K.
1 p. 00 K.

4 p. 00. K.

4 p 0 09.



1. p.:OS ..
2 p. o00 .












HaimcaoaHo .apox M. VJEHA

- C *


274
S275




292

294

296

297


298

299

300




311

315




352

353

858
S60
p .


1923
1923




1922

1923

1923

1923

1923


1923

1923




1923

1923




1918

1918-20
1919-20
1920


SHanMeuonaiae uapoK LEHA
x ,.
-L.% -


Bunyc. 1923 r. 50-10,000 p.. .
,Tome, c HaaneIaTKoI HOBOIl CTOH-
M TH . .

5. rpy3Hkn

B npMoIab floBOAMnro. Bea. 3y6g.
c ay6g .. ......
Pymbze HaAneraTrK ( HoArTOBble 1i
pepubie) 10.000-80.000 p. .
Ha~neaTUra ,,15.000 "p." Ha 15 .,
Map.e .. ..
THnorpapcKaa HaAne;jaTda 10.000 p.-,
80.000 p. ua Mappax l ro coseT-
CKorO BbinycKR .. ..... ... ...
HaAnenaTKa coseTcKorl e86AeMIr H
HOBOl CTOHMOCTH 75.000;.py6. C
sy6g. 11'/ ... ..
Toi&e, 200, 300 c 350 py6. C
sy6g. 14 . .
Tome, 350.000 700.000 pyu. Ee3
sy61go ; .. ... .

6. ICOCP

Bbmayc 1923 r., 40.000-500.000 py6.
Bes sy6g.'.H c sy6j. .. .....
Bbinycr ~eoHaop OiH gatoloe, -18 K.
Be3 sy6U. H c sy6g, ... ..

7. nepAuo rpamAaHCHoo A BOAHbi

4oa N Ky6aub. HaneqamTdi Ha' Map-
Kax AopeBOAlogUoHHnHQ PoccHH.
KpbiM. HaAneqaTKn Ha t'Map`ax Ao-
SpeBooAIOUiOHHot PoccH -i-'. .
CH6Hpb. Be3a sy6.' c y6;:. .
.4 BOCTOK. BblnycK PeBKOMa r. BAa-
rosezzgeicea na AMype .


1 p. 00 K.

2 p. 70 K.




- 50 K.

2 p. 30 K.

-.0 x.




-. 75 .

4 p. 00 x.

Sp. 50 a.




I p. 10 X.

- 90x .


361

362

363

364


401
.403

.411.

412
413

414


S426
427

428

429

430
431

432

433

434.
485


5.,

4

12

5


I m i J


1 p. 9 .

2 p. 00 K.
2 p. 50 K.
"- .50 x.


2 p. 25ec.

S. 50 K.

2 p. 45 3.

1 p. 20 K.


50c.

-.SO K.


1920

1921

1921

1923


1902

1913

1904

1917

1917.

1911


1926
1927 .

1927

1932

1933
1933
1933

1934

1934
71934


4aAbae-BpcToqHaia Pecny6AuKa. Ha4-
netrara ,ABP 7 Konr." H p. .
4aAbHe-BocToqHaa PecnyGAHKa. Bb-
nycxK r. BAasHBOCTOKe .. .
4aAbHe. BocTOntHaR pecny6AHKa. Bbz-
nycK B r. aHe .. .
4aAbHe-BoCT6dmnHb 06A. PeBKao
PasHble HaAf leaaK .- ......
8. AopBesoloq4HOHHus PoccHSn
.BblnycrKi902 r., 7 py6: ByMara c sO-
.4RHbIM SHaKOM .....'. .
BbmiycK 1913 r., 1 I 4 K. (c nopTpe-
TOM rfeTpa I) .....
PyccKa ri toTa,a K ae. HagneiaTKa
,,KHTaIa" na 3 p. 50 K. .
Tome HaAneqaTKa ,,14 CENTS" Be3
sy6goB . .
Toze, MapKH 1 u.--1 AAA. H 7 4oA-
apo . .
BbnycK a nonbay noaTaAHoaa, 15 K.
9. TyeaBHHaia HapoAHan
PecnyOdHna
oepBait BbinycK, 1 K.--5. p. .
HafretaTKa 8, 14, 18. 28 K. Ha
Mapxax nepaoro BbycKa ....
BTopol BMbIyCK (C TpeyroAKacaMu
, pOM6M);o l : ;-1l ,p.. .. ..
HaMnibaTKa ,,TbBA" a- HOBbl HOMH-
riaAOB . .
HaAneiarna ,,35 35", Ha 18 H 28 K.
Haane4aTKa ,,POSTA 15 .."H ,35 x."
Ha HCK. Mapax .
Toze, ,,POSTA 15 K." (c 6AbUm.
- gauipaMH) .... ., .
CepuH ,,3aKa3uaa noqaa" (c po-
6aMR). C sy6uAMI& .....
Toze, 6es sy6oas (HenoAHaa cepna)
CepaH aBionoqTbi (c 7 TpeyroA-
'- KaMH) ," .


. 00 .


1 p. 00 K.

2 p. 00 x.
.15 x.



1 p. 50 x.

7 p. 00 x.

6 p.O0 x
3 p. 00 x.
3 p. O0 .,

3 p. 00 K.

.1 p. 00 i,

7 p. 50 SO
6 p. 00 K.
p. SO0K.






- -. ... .... ..... "

,' .- _= -
Haweg*AdBoia6 u'a'pox" U EHA
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436 1935 AaH4uiatTHeaacepHa (c KapToB a BH-
AaMn,) 6 1 p. 50 .
437 1935 SooAorHqecrka cepHR 1.0 17 p. 00 K.
439 1936 XV-AeTne PecnyGn .... :. 18 20 p. 75 .
441 1936 XV-AeTae Pecfl6AHKt. -AsoeepHs 9 11 p. 00: .
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1 6AkA; (c7' nepqopaguHel no pH-
cy2K Mcapoki. .', .. 6 3 p. 00 K.
452 1932 KapTnHoqHbhil BbInyCK, 1 M.-IO Tyr- ,
pHK ; ....... -. .13 0 p. 00' x.'
4514 1932 Toaie, 5-50 M; (HenoAIaa c6pa) 7 2 p. 25 r.
455 1932 Toe;s qHCoe n ramernie 7 1 p. 00' i.


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Xo 2. 10 MapoK TyBHHCKoii HapoHoi Pecny6AKH.
No 3. 10 mapoK TyBHHCFOit HapoAHoBi Pecny6AnH .
No 4x. 7 MapoK TyBHHcKoB HapoAHo6 Pecny6AHRK
Nq SK. 7 MapoK TyBSHCKOHi HapoAHoBi Pecny6AnKx
N, 6K. 7 MapoK TyauBHCoiK HapoAHoit Pecny6AnHK
?oV 7. 25 coBeTCKHx Mapo, ...... .
: 8. 25 Mapox AopeoAB.ono HHOni PoccH .
X9 9. -7 mapoK MoHroAbcKoi HapoAHoBi Pecny6AKH .
N 10c. 25 coBeTCKHX MapoK . .
Mt 22. 15 mapoK Asep6afGaaHa'(Bbn. 1921-22 r.r.) .
N' 23. 10 MapoK ApMenHH (nBbn. 1923 r.) .. ...
XN 24. 10 MapoK 1pysBH (Bbin. 1922-23r.r.) .
No 25. 15 MapoK .3C)CP (sbIn. 1923 r.) .
J, J 27. 11 MapoK PC$PCP: 1-i n 2-.1 coseTCKHe sbIn.
Na 29. 4 MapKH YCCP (Bbin. 1923 r.) .
NV 31. 4 Map, CCCP,,CeAbCKO-XOS. BbCTaBKa" (rbin.
1923r.) . ......
.8 35. 7 MapoK CCCP ,HapoAbl CCCP" ...
JN 3iKx. 13 MapoK CCCP ,,Hapo,4b CCCP" .
SN 38. 4 MapKi CCCP ,,60-Aerne M. H. KaAuaHHa"
M 39. 3 MapKH CCCP ,,A. H. ToacTo" .. .
?N 41. 7 Mapox CCCP,,ABHonoTa" (aBbn.'1937 r.) .
No 42. 4 zapiK CCCP ,,ABHoaKcneAHUR Ha ceaepa.
noA . ..
M 1 43. 7 MapoK CCCP ,,XX AeT PKKA" .
2 44. 7 Mappo CCCP ,IepeAeTbi MocKra CLIA
t i epes ceBepHbli nIOAoc . .
S. 46. 4 MapKH CCCP ,,CHTare nanaHHHjeB co
AbAHHbI" .... .........
? 74. 4 MapKi PCcICP ,,V-AeTHe OKTa6pbCKOH PeBo-
AIHHH .... ........... .
-, '75. 6 Mapox PC$CP c Hso6paGueHHeM paoqe-.
ro, KpecTbaHHHa H KpacHoapMeBta ....
M 78. 6 MapoK PCcPCP: HaArneqaTKa 3Be1Abw Ha
Mapxiax 1909-17 r.r ...... ..........
m~ 101. 10 Mapox CCCP. ,,BcecolosHaa CeAbCRoxo3.
BbicTaBna" (Bbin. 1939 r.). .. .. ..
N 102. 5 MapoK CCCP ,,Aens amBauan CCCP" .
XN 103. 4 MapxI CCCP ,,M. E. CaATbIKOB-- eAppa"
XN IV'4. 3 Mapxo CCCP ,,M. K). AepMOHTOB" .
I N 105. 3 MapxH CCCP ,H. r. 4epHbImeBcKH'" ..
N 106. 8 MapoK CCCP ,,KypbpTb Kaasa" .
: .1 7.. 2 MapKH CCCP ,,rIaBHAbOH CCCP Ha
S BbIcTaBKe n HbIo-RopKe ..... : ... .
S T"1O8.":4 -lapK. CCCP ,;A I. 4ex". :...... .


.3 p. 00 K.
3 p. 00 r.
3 p. 00 x.
2 p. 00 x.
2 p. 00 x.
2 p. 00 x.
1.p. 00 x,
1 p. 00 K.
1 p. 00 ,.
2 p. 00 x.
75 .
I p. 00 i.
.85K.
1 p. 50 K.
.85 .
60 .

--.90K.
1 p 00 K.
1 p. 90 K
,95 K.
90 r,
2 p. 00 x.

I p. 00 s.
2 p. 00...

1 p. 65 K.

-.75K.

1 p. 00 .

85 K.

1 p. 75 .

3 p. 00 K.
1 p. 75 K.
1 p, 20 K.
.65 K.
.75 K.
1 p. 85 K.

-..- .
60o .





THE 1930 GRAF ZEPPELIN SET AND ASSOCIATED MATERIAL


by Dr.G.Adolph Ackerman, Andrew Cronin and Robert Taylor

Andrew Cronin
Ye olde editor will start the ball rolling by
presenting some data on these striking 40 & 80-kop.
stamps, which were sold at the Moscow G.P.O. on 10
September 1930 from 8am to 10:45am, while the
airship "GRAF ZEPPELIN" (LZ-127) hovered over
Frunze airport. It finally landed at 12 noon that
day. The airship had been named after the noted
German pioneer and inventor in this field
Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin (8 July 1838-8 March
1917); see his photograph here at right. Let us
examine this issue and its ramifications under
the following headings:-

(i) Method of production and other details.
The design was based on a
poster by V. Kostyanitsyn, ..
inscribed "Complete the
5-Yeat Plan in 4 Years!".
The original poster was
illustrated by H. L.
Aronson in his article "The
Graf Zeppelin Issue" (see "The
Russian-American Philatelist",
Vol.2, No.7 for March 1943).
It is given again here and
note that it is without the
"Graf Zeppelin" superimposed
at top. Notice also that the
stamps themselves were not i
specifically inscribed for
airmail usage. L .

The printing method was by photogravure and it is important to devote a
few words to that process. Basically, the design is photographed by a
step-and-repeat camera through a glass "raster" or screen, where the
crossing lines are transparent and the opaque elements appear as
squares. The screen serves to break down the design into tiny squares
and a multipositive of the required number of units for the printing
plate is copied onto a light-sensitive layer of paper. The images are
transferred to a printing cylinder and a "rakel" or doctor blade is
used to eliminate the ink from blank elements during printing.

Depending on the type of screen used, stamps printed by this process
have the design composed of coloured dots of varying intensity, in the
form of tiny squares or rhombi. One can also determine under
magnification the angle at which the screen has been set when
photographing the design (see the enlarged illustration on the next
page, showing the screen set at 450). Knowing the type of screen (square
or rhomboid), as well as the angle of application, is important in
Soviet philately, as they help to recognize reissues or additional
printings, where new plates had to be made.

While the sources consulted agree on the numbers issued for the
imperforate stamps (1000 of each value), there are discrepancies for the
perforated issue. The Soviet catalogue says 10,000 of each value, which








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is obviously incorrect, as the set is not hard to find in either line
perforation (10 3/4 or 12). Your editor has accumulated 31 sets mint
and used over the years for study purposes and they were not expensive.
H.L. Aronson stated that 100,000 perforated sets were issued and that
figure is more feasible. They were printed in sheets of 50 (5 x 10).

It is evident that the Soviet Philatelic Association realized they had
a winner with these attractive stamps, so there must have been a
supplementary printing to cope with the demand. According to the 1940
KOGIZ Price List, they were still available at philatelic shops in the
USSR at 7r. 50k. per mint set (6h times face; see p.8 herewith under
item 86). The problem arises as to how to recognize any reissue, as all
copies so far examined by your editor have the screen fixed at the
same angle. It would seem that a second plate was used, going by the
marking "II" shown above at top left on the corner margin copy of the
40-kop. imperforate. Mons. M.V. Liphschutz RDP of Paris, France has a
theory that a second printing may be distinguished by the blurring of
the vertical white line within the left and right frame-lines, having
become filled with the flanking blue or red colours (see the two
imperforate values here at top right). However, that does not seem to
be the answer, as some of the stamps, perforated and imperforate, have
been seen on cards and covers mailed on the day of the flight back to
Germany (10 Sept.1930) and with the vertical white line at left and
right obscured by the surrounding ink, i.e. they all formed part of the
original printing. Your editor thinks that the blurring was caused by
imperfect functioning of the doctor blade. There must therefore be some
other way of distinguishing the second printing. Comments, please!

Note that all these stamps, perforated and imperforate
were the only Soviet ones printed on paper with a I
distinctive watermark, called "squares and angles" by #
the Russians. See the illustration herewith. ,


(ii) The postal rates.
As the mail accepted was for the return flight to Germany, the Soviet
foreign rates were applicable, together with special airmail surcharges,
as follow:-
10 kop.: Surface rate for a postcard going abroad.
40 kop.: Airmail surcharge for foreign postcards (covered by the blue
40-kop. stamp).
15 kop.: Surface rate for a letter going abroad.
80 kop.: Airmail surcharge for foreign letters (covered by the red
80-kop. stamp).
20 kop.: Registration fee in both cases.
(the Soviet rouble was then officially worth 50 U.S.=2 RM=2/1 sterling).
The postal clerks at the Moscow G.P.O. personally affixed the Zeppelin
stamps to the mail and combinations of those two values were refused.
15





(iii) Markings relating to the flight.


,,?-, ''~1
:' i


Mail accepted at the Moscow G.P.O. was cancelled with the special marking
shown here at left. The Soviet Philatelic Association sent many cards and
covers with this marking and two typical examples are shown above. They
were a drug on the market for many years and some were undoubtedly
destroyed when collectors cut out the stamps with the associated
postmark. Your editor has seen several such examples. Some of the mail
also received a two-line unframed cachet in violet, reading in German:
MIT LUFTSCHIFF ,GRAF ZEPPELIN"./MOSKAU-FRIEDRICHSHAFEN, as shown on the
cover above. The special marking was never applied as a c.t.o.

After the windows for Zeppelin mail were closed at 10:45am, quite a few
people presented mail franked mostly at the proper rates, but with other
Soviet stamps and such items also received the special Zeppelin postmark.
Three registered examples are shown here, all despatched by the same
sender judging by the handwriting (S.K. Mitritsch, Moscow 69,Skaterny 22,
apt.4) to different persons at the same address in Dresden-N,Glacis 8/II:


,-. -. S. U-69
,". ;-.."; Skatertny 22. w. 4 "
;:.-.': 4.


^ I ----- --I ___________J-
(a) Registered postcard No.62 to K&te Danzig with 65 kop. postage, i.e.
underpaid by 5 kop.
(b) Registered letter No.93 to Luise Kummetz with Ir. 15k. postage and
thus correctly prepaid.
(c) Registered letter No.178 (?) to Maria Danzig, also with the correct
postage.


,. Iflln..
OuaM -r


















































A further registered postcard No.478 with the 40-kop. Zeppelin plus 20k.
in additional postage, thus underpaid by 10k., was sent by Golovkin in
Moscow (a well-known collector at the time) to Fanny Hirsch at Dresden-A
Arnst&dt Str. 5/III, as shown above at right.

We now come to the Karl Hennig covers. He was a well-known dealer in
Weimar. Germany and made a special trip to Moscow with a large quantity
of covers, already franked with a variety of Soviet stamps, but mostly
not in accordance with the proper rates. He arrived at the G.P.O. after
the windows for accepting Zeppelin mail had been closed and the clerks
refused to process his covers. He then went out to the airport, but the
German postal official aboard the "Graf Zeppelin" rejected his sending
as the stamps had not been cancelled! Hennig then went to the Moscow-40
post office near the airport and had the covers postmarked. His mail



















SMIT LuiscIHi Friwdria 8 fen. IMITL UFTSCHIFF\
SF ZEPPELIN f (CAFZEPPELIN.
.f klre B F 1 e rF

F, ..... u BEF DERT

was subsequently accepted aboard the airship and an oval cachet in red
was applied, reading in three lines "MIT LUFTSCHIFF/GRAF ZEPPELIN/
BEFORDERT" (Forwarded by the airship "Graf Zeppelin"); see the
illustration at top left for a typical example. Similar items are known
postmarked on that day also at the Moscow-6 Despatch Office (see at top
right). In both instances, they bear blue German airmail labels and were
underpaid for the flight. They were looked down upon for years, but are
noted in the Sieger catalogue and now bring high prices, as they were
actually flown.

as cceed oB te y the way, the Soviet
Philatelic Association,
awihich was the state

stamps of the USSR
right. n oh i t heyFbear blue G mnopoly sabell ing were
abroad, used the
Moscow-50 post office
3 '1for its mail. Your
editor has the Zeppelin
set as shown, cancelled to order on the flight day with a postmark
reading MOSKVA 50 g 10.9.30. Note that the 40-kop. value has a paper
fold. While showy, it is accidental and not a constant variety.


iOber Fdi.dra, h" n collect also material
0ts IF (G carried on the "Graf
S' .' 1 0Q o Zeppelin" on the
S-inbound flight from
Serr. t4o Germany to Moscow on
.' 10 Sept.1930. A card is
S n 4li Dinm shown here with the
"Bordmonteur dems .~ special triangular
C "RUSSLANDFAHRT 1930"
"a -. .. 4 cachet applied at top
O'J Mar aretenstrasse 4G/1 905TT
7V left. It was handled at
"..iedrich." the Moscow 8th.Despatch
Office on 10 Sept. and
... at the ist. Despatch
4 Bodqnsebe Office the next day
Pa before being returned
to Friedrichshafen.





(iv) Forgeries of the postmarks, stamps and perforations.
Your editor has the set
perf.10 3/4, cancelled to
order with what appears to T ma i
be a forged postmark,
reading MOSKVA450 POCHT
OTDEL A 10 9.30. Note the
raised "0" in the number
"10", the stop after the
number "9", the irregular
letters at bottom and the ---
lack of a postmark bite .
on the backs of the two stamps. This marking, apparently made from
rubber, is struck in grey-black and has an overall diameter of 28 mm.

H.L. Aronson reported a forgery of the 40-kop. stamp with the
following characteristics. Perforated 11, with the design measuring
49 x 33 mm., in light blue on soft paper and with a poor, diffuse and
irregular impression. Your editor assumes that it was on unwatermarked
pepper and, from the illustration given in "The Russian-American
Philatelist" for April 1943, it appeared to be postmarked MOSKVA
18.3.34? Does anyone have this and the accompanying forgery of the
80-kop. value?

Mr. Aronson also stated that fake perforations were made in Berlin,
specifically on the 40-kop. stamp and gauging 10 3/4:12t:10 3/4:10 3/4.
He postulated that the stamps varied in width and that it would have
been possible to reperforate without noticeably changing the
dimensions to create a variety. The present author has not seen such an
example and thus cannot pass an opinion. However, the possibility
cannot be excluded that the checkers at GOZNAK (the State Printing
Office) may have noticed a sheet perforated 10 3/4 and also showing
fantail margins along one side. Such an error may then have been
corrected by applying the 12h line perforator to the sheet and thus
creating a compound perforation, such as the one above recorded by
Mr. Aronson.

No fantail varieties of this set have ever been reported, so far as
your editor knows, but if they did exist, there is always the danger
that they may have been trimmed to produce a much more valuable
imperforate variety.

(v) Later usages of the Zeppelin stamps. (a)
A bare ten days after
S h the "Graf Zeppelin"
flight, a Swiss
..C..!.. collector had the set
;. 1 i, : perf. 123 affixed on
S, L cover with the postmark
MOSKVA 50 v 20.9.30
C and the airmail label
crossed out, for the
--- "Graf Zeppelin" flight
0, around the Baltic Sea.
This item bears the
transit markings of
".. Berlin 21 & 23 Sept. as
well as Helsinki 24?
SS--ept., before final
-v / delivery in Ztrich (see
'-'c herewith).





The franking of Ir. 20k. did not represent any known Soviet postal rate.


-o Recomande
9 SOVIET PHILATELIC ASSOCIATION

USSR Moscow 50, Nastasyinsky per. 3. Cable address: PHILATELY-MOSCOW
81N II
F71Z1 I I I------


2 Wert,46th street ,
New York, N.Y.
U.S.A.







(b) A registered cover from the Soviet Philatelic Association, sent from
the Moscow-50 post office on 21 Jan.1937 to the well-known Norwegian-
American philatelist and publisher H.L. Lindquist. The correct surface
rate of Ir. 30k. was paid with a 50-kop. Small Head imperf.(for a letter
going abroad), with the 80-kop. Zeppelin perf. 12h covering the foreign
registration fee. The letter was received in N.Y.C. on 3 Feb.1937.
(c) An unsealed cover issued for the Moscow-Riga-Stockholm First Flight
on 1 July 1937. The item shown at the top of the next page was signed by
K. Friedner, Chief Pilot of AB Aerotransport(a Swedish line) and sent at
the foreign printed matter rate (presumably 10 kop.), the airmail fee of
1 rouble irrespective of the destination and applicable as of 1 May 1936
being paid by a 20-kop. Pushkin commem. plus the 80-kop. Zeppelin perf.
10 3/4. Note the Moscow postmark inscribed in French for foreign mail.
The cover was received in Stockholm the next day on 2nd. July.
(d) A loose 80-kop. Zeppelin perf. 12, which
apparently paid the foreign registration fee and
was cancelled with the bilingual postmark of
ZHLOBIN BSSR v 19.1.38. Please see at right.
(vi) The Rosenberg covers.
These items deserve to be placed in a special
category since, apart from one cover recorded by I
the noted Slovene philatelist Ivo .Lukanc of
Ljubljana as sent on the original Graf Zeppelin flight of 10.Sept. 1930,
the Rosenberg examples are the only other known usages of the rare
20


To Mr. H.L. Lindquist.


L p
Z
.)
I


.MIH OSCM
*,,

































imperforates on mail. It appears that Mr. J.Rosenberg of Augsburger
Str.61, Berlin W50 arranged for two sending of covers franked with
the imperforates, on 30 Dec.1935 and 25 June 1936. The present writer
has records of four such items, as follow:-
(a) A registered
air express cover
with handwritten
'address and imperf.
S ~? singles with sheet
3O." margin, sent under
30. No. 159 from the
SMoscow-9 post office
N I BS- _(also the Central
Telegraph Office)
on 30.12.35. The
BOSA YIUHAl- rates at the time
"T were 15k. for a
Par avion I surface foreign
A. .l / letter, 20 kop. regn.
.. ......fee, 40k. airmail
surcharge for a
.German destination,
!leaving 45k., which
may or may not have
: covered the express
fee. See at left. It
SPar Avion last sold at the Swiss
RAPP auction 19.6.1991
,for sFr. 24,000.- (!)
(b) The next three covers are from the despatch of 25 June 1936, by
which time the foreign rates had been significantly increased. Sent from
the same Moscow-9 post office and with the addresses now typewritten,

















they all bear also the
pink German "CUSTOMS FREE" /AgAb erltr. 6
labels of the Berlin SW77 :E R 50
Customs post office. On C 0
the first item, the regn. Do -
number has disappeared,
the typewritten address "nos a -
almost completely .'
erased and rewritten by -
hand. In spite of these
defects, it sold for .
sFr. 15,000.- at the RAPP //"'/
auction of 19.6.1991.
Franked with imperforate Par Avion
singles (the 80k. with ParAvion
sheet margin at right) r A
plus the l0k.Stratosphere
stamp, it was correctly
prepaid at 50k. for a
foreign surface letter -
plus 80k. foreign regn.I o
fee (see the illustration ?l r ,
directly above). rHerra J.RSeemberg. i Lorol-.o
The second cover has the Angbrgerstr. 6I.!
same franking (the 40k. .E -
with sheet margin at 50. Detchland.
right) and was sent under (s
No.901 from the Moscow-9 ,,.
post office.See top right.,
The third item has imperf -- -- ---- L
pairs (the 80k. with Par Aion :
sheet margin at right) '-"5~
and was despatched under- '
No.902 from the same post office at the registered airmail rate: 50k.
foreign surface letter, Ir. airmail surcharge plus 80k. foreign regn.
fee to total 2r. 30k. It was thus overpaid by 10k. See directly above.
Quite an expensive array of sending, as the Soviet Philatelic
Association sold the imperforates at high prices, even in the depths of
the Great Depression of the 1930s. Airmail stamps and flights were very
popular then and one wonders about the subsequent fate of Mr. Rosenberg.

(vii) Other items of interest.
The two values exist in proof state and the issued colours, perf. 12 on
cards, the stamps being tied with a two-line overprint reading "PROJECT/
8 September 1930", i.e. a mere two days before they went on sale at the
Moscow G.P.O. (!). Such proofs are very desirable items; please see the
illustration at the top of the next page.







i TIt can be seen from the proof
Shown here that the
-- "impression was sharp and the
inner white vertical lines in
I the left and right frame
'. k lines clearly defined. The
Y imperfections often seen on
o .the issued stamps may well
Shave been due to the rush to
get them printed and ready
for sale a bare two days
later.

SThe only major variety so far
0 known has been recorded by
SH.L. Aronson as an extra
Vertical line of perforation
on the 40-kop. value perf.
12. We will see an example
used on cover later on in
this article.
Dr. G. Adolph Ackerman.
There are plate flaws on this set, as can be seen from the following
examples:-

40-kop. value.


White Spot. (arrow )


Perf. 12 1/2
Blue line across top of
'O' of 'IIOTTA'


Streak in 'C' of'CCCP'


Perf. 12 1/2
Break in upper arm of 'K' of 'KOMI'
+ blue spots/breaks in 'O' of 'KOI-
+ in the '40's


Plate varieties for the imperforate issues are shown. Both 40k stamps (above) have
partially obliterated thin white enclosing frame line + ink overlap It. and upper margin
of left stamp. Both values have obliterated upper arm of 'K' of 'KOIT. Rt. stamp has
blue color overlap of letters 'K' of 'KOI' and A' of 'IIOqTA'.


~ ~31





;i ..


III L#11MV9


Bi~, .~~,. ...





(a) White dot after "0" of "40" at bottom right.
(b) Blue line across the top of the "0" of "ITOLTA".
(c) Streak in the "C" of "CCCP".
(d) Break in the upper arm of the "K" in "KOTI", blue spots/breaks in
the "0" of "KOIT" and the "40" figures.
(e) Smeared impression of much of the design in the imperforate pair
shown here, including the vertical white lines at left and right.
All these varieties are illustrated in the bottom half of p.-23.

80-kop. value.









Color overlap 'K' + '0' (arrow) White Spot (arrow)









Both 80k values show partially obliterated white boxed outlines.

(a) Colour overlap in the letters "K" & "O" of "KOrI".
(b) White dot after the "0" of "80".at bottom right.
(c) Obliterated vertical white lines within the left and right frame
lines in the imperforate pair shown immediately above.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: Readers are requested to check their copies of both
values to see if all the above varieties are constant. Your editor can
provide the following additional information from his own holdings:-

40 kop. value.











HIF ,,GRAF


(a) (b) (b)






(a) A white dot in the top stroke of the figure "5" at top left. It
seems to be constant, as your editor has two copies. It dates from the
original printing, as it appears on piece with the special Zeppelin
postmark of 10.IX.30, cut out from one of the postcards sent by the
Soviet Philatelic Association. See the illustration at the bottom of
the previous page.
(b) A white nick between the legs of the letter "rI", again from the
original printing, as it appears with the special postmark. Your
editor has three examples, including with the forged MOSKVA-50
postmark dated 10 9. 30, so it is constant. See bottom of p.24.
(c) Four varieties which may not be constant, as they have been seen
so far in only one copy each:-












"I" of "IrOTTA" smeared and colour break to
the top of the "0" of "KOIT".
S dots in the right loop of the "0" of "KOTI".
colour break in the white frame-line between
S "O" & "II" of "KOIT", dots in the "40" at
right and major colour break below the "0".
major colour break in the white frame-line
I between the "0" & "I7" of "KOTI".


80 kop. value.


a.

1 1* *V MMMA I I II L01MVS CS O 4 P












...... B ........ --------------*.. S.. .S Ba *B
*I I -.A
4




I I I I YU ViONMMMM U0119 Ma MM to














dip.-
1KBa~l~~lL 9Ibn
.. .. .. ... --------r,-_ ~ Inll


--- ----


-----------


m





(a) The white dot variety advised by Dr. Ackerman after the "0" of
"80" at right is constant, as your editor has two copies, one of them
in a position block of four, as illustrated on the previous page, i.e.
stamp No.5 on the sheet.
(b) Four varieties which may not be constant, as they have been seen so
far in only one copy each (see the previous page):-
- Circular flaw in the outer frame line at bottom between the "0" of
"80" and the "K" of "KOI-".
- White frame line smeared before the "MI" of "ITIOTA".
- Colour breaks in the frame lines at left and right.
- General smearing of the bottom part of the design, affecting the word
"KOI-" and the "0" of "80" at right.

Comments are invited on all of the foregoing and any further
discoveries, please!

Robert Taylor.
Here are some further cards and covers to help fill out the picture:-


560 bl0EMETAllnA T IOTOBAH KAPTOIHKA
(a) Two cards CARTE POSTAIe
with the
special pmk.
addressed to C. 1
R.Wittker in o;
Elbing with V
various Kyda
Soviet C
stamps to...
total 55k. .
each and
thus
overfranked o. Ko..y ..
by 5 kop. **f* 0 T .... n a a". ;~^ )^ '/l .
a s s h ow n ". 3 P" pNMa ,,ThIIgjnu a U 8pc0M e8p ,.Y.,o.^ .. ... ........... ............. ..
here. Both t tv f et "
are 04TA C
endorsed at I
top "By "1'i'9 _
Zeppelin" in CARTE P
Russian.


IKo y .... .. .

.... .... .... .. . . .






(b) Another
S---: ,,,---~ L--- -" ~Ei~~ 'card to R.
4P.10110110IrA ._HOnOMF!t ABIOIe/A 1
"on" ooWittker, this
k ;c.pPTO :time c/o Poste

'T :. (General
IDelivery) in
Frankfurt/Main,
Ky .AJ I.... also with the
',< 7 ', "r, ^- ......................... .. -C ........... Z p i c
o : Zeppelin cancel
S... p plus the two-
line marking in
TLUFTSCHIFF ,,GRAF.. violet, reading
..MIT L U F T C H FF ,,r, ....... ..... ... .......................... .........
~~* A4 ~MIT LUFTSCHIFF
S4OSK.AU-.FREDICfIHS.AFEN. .'.4t J ......,.GRAF ZEPPELIN"
SMOSKAU -
.. ................ ............. ..... ...... .... FRIEDRICHSHAFEN"
0 Coo.osa, nI. n. (1821--1 0 r. '' and franked
Sokoloff, P. La co e ......... .......... ............ .......
T.op.ecrIiso COihloia c er i 8,ilin. 1nAo wit)i :with a mixture
crunnlere pe0n1A erito re e A H ro
S .....4 ,llii., JM .......RU ,,, .- of Soviet
1.0,.', ...0 A. ar ". S, stamps at the
qIi'.o ro iuin:it gal. il.e.44lii A11!9
KiiiO, ...10 Ill. iuuuc. C iiy AuHiaini|e 140. 1 03 11AK .Muna r. proper rate of
aa. aso. I; 50 kop. The
Cachet is in
.. *... capitals.







Philatelists in
'Moscow with the
Iijl 1%AC .40k. Zeppelin



.. iss, ues, thus
1^"---"-' """"..- .under fr anked








Latvian (b) postcard, properly franked with the 40-kop. Zeppelin, as
well as a -kop. Worker and the special cancel.








(e) Also on the next page a registered postcard No.468, with the two-
postmark the 40-kop. Zeppelin plus 30 kop. in other Soviet stamps,
thus paying the correct rate.
w. Z! by 5 kop.
Addressed to
Ko --------- Maria Danzig

9.le ) in Dresden-N.




(d) Please see he top of the next page for the utilisation of a
Latvian (!) postcard, properly franked with the 40-kop. Zeppelin, as
well as a 10-kop. Worker and the special cancel.

(e) Also on the next page a registered postcard No.468, with the two-
line cachet now in upper and lower case and the special cancel to
postmark the 40-kop. Zeppelin plus 30 kop. in other Soviet stamps,
thus paying the correct rate.












YISPASAULES PASTA SAVIENIBA UNION POSTAL UNIVERSE
LATVIJA LETTONIE
SPASTKARTE -- CARTE POSTAL
-. n i -::,


A A '
+%~, '-. .
i .
.'..... .. ..,.


r .U .wv .v .

".-**- /----------* / 7 --- -- *- *** ^1 '

. .. '.........t ....................... .......... .......... .


......... ..... ............... !
-~-- -- -- --- -------- .... .......





..... ............... ..................

.... ..; .... *. ,,-7 ,s', : |


Mit Luttsahiff ,,Graf Zeppelin"
Baskau-Friedrichshaten.
!


~


:-


--


LLC


~-Y" ; ~" x .. a'


.. ......_.... ...... ~I-Y.~ -Y--~*L~CIIP*LIIY~IY--YUIIULIIII-* *l---L-)--- --.-ili~bll~-- -~-r_-


___~


^/ ,,:^'1_;e


t-













[ .^* :7 I .: i :?1 -? ..;.;.! "i'. **'^^ ": .". ;
.: (*." r '," ,": : ." [ .,' -

o















(f)Another of the covers sent by S.K. Mitritsch under regn. No.144 at
the proper rate of Ir. 15k. to Fanny Hirsch in Dresden-A with three
different Soviet stamps to make up the franking.
(g) A reg'd
cover No.363




UFTS IFr AF ZEPUth the two-
OSKAU-Fi Ct'SHFEN'. line cachet in
S'. ,",' !' ": .- capitals, the
S .. ,' :' special
S .postmark, 80k.
Y '' Zeppelin with
-mm white break in
the inner
frame-line at
SHerrn E.Ursul-Uraoff, left (is it
constant?) and
Faizi9r -Allee28. further
Soviet stamps
,2.. ,,.., ..Berlin-. .ilrersdorf. .
S up the correct
,. '., ,"" ",r a t e t o
S .. .. W er sdorf.






Zeppelin Maili


(h) Flown
cover with
signature
of Dr.
Hugo
Eckener,
the pilot.
(See above
also a US
cachet of
the 1930s
prepared
with his
portrait
on other
Zeppelin
mail).


(i)Reg' d
letter
No. 15
with the
80-kop.
Zeppelin
and a
further
15k. for
the
letter
rate,thus
underpaid
by 20 kop.
for the
regn.fee.
Note the
"via
Zeppelin"
cachet,
which is
not
listed by
Ivo
Lukanc in
his book
about the
Zeppelin
posts.


\LI


_ V


,. u' ~
I "

I '
I "^. '.A A',


.-.... B






'. t / .. .' *
, i *. ': ,..


'I






I' J




J IL
-.~~ ~ ~ ,'*.


:1


SL .I.. ...
- o sk au Fd e drlia s ha te n ,


111m7*
ri L -


i


_..-.~ I_ ---- .. ------


~'--I--LIII .---I--III--YIY


_.1111~


'' ;~
i



ii
i.:


: :

i;
I
'


i






(j) Reg'd
2 (7 n l-CT better #16
correctly
5 i franked at
PAR ZEPPELIN. Ilr.15k.and
S. "'.r'.' ..... addressed
KonC to Prague,
with the
Ef."1S uch special
'- ...... -.:: I. postmark.
CESKOSLOVENS k REPUBIKA'. Any other
-...- .... country
S" than
S03 Germany
.is scarce
for this
a flight.

S. .,.H A.:,


P e t fl ns k -! 20.


SC. ahr

(k) One of
the Hennig
covers
postmarked
Moscow-40
with a
has;"variety of
Soviet
stamps and
"- .overpaid
----.- -by 5 kop.






(1) Reg'd.
airmail
cover sent
25.2.34
from the
Moscow-9
office
with the
80k. plus
a further
50k. The
air surtax
was 40k.,
to total
75k. for
Germany,
so this
item was
overpaid
by 55k.
Comments,
please!










(m) Cover
to N.Y.C.
with 80k.
and total
postage of
Ir. 50k.The
rates then
were 50k.
foreign
surface
letter and
Ir. air
surtax, so
this item
is assumed
to have
gone by
airmail.
Sent from
the Third
Intern' 1
Chess
Tournament
in Moscow
28.5.1936.











SO


VIET PHILATELIC ASSOCIATION


USSR Moscow 50, Nastasyinsky per. 3. Cable address: PHILATELY-MOSCOW



V i







To MrlEdward STERN.
Economist Stamp Co.
87 Nassau Street,
;-ew-York.U.S.A.


pr--"~-'-"3'~-.l..~----~l~el~.~ C-----c --r -Y


(o) Another
cover of the
Moscow-Riga-
Stockholm 1st.
Flight of
1.7.37 with
the same
franking and
sender, as the
handwriting is
identical to
the example on
p.21, but this
item is not
signed by the
pilot.


(n) Reg'd
cover #410
sent from
Moscow-50
on 5.2.37
by the
Soviet
Philatelic
Assn. to
N.Y.C. and
paying the
correct
reg'd
surface
rate.
Similar to
the cover
on p. 20,
but the
50k. Small
Head now
perforated.


CrJ'


~clUI,,~..__._ .....,..~ ...,..I.~....... J ~' __,.. ... _~







(p) Finally
the major
variety as
recorded
by H.L. f 7
Aronson on
the 40k.
with an
extra
vertical

at left.
It is
shown here
on a cover
from
Moscow
23.10.37,
together
with the
10k.Nentsy ..
stamp to '
pay the
50-kop. surface letter rate to Los Angeles, U.S.A.

FINAL EDITORIAL COMMENTS:
(a) This set exists with various cancellations-to-order, which have not
been listed here, as they served no postal purpose. Such markings will
be treated as a separate subject in a future issue of "The Post-Rider".

(b) Soon after the appearance of this issue, there was a report in a
German philatelic magazine that the son of a Soviet official was
overcome by the sight of these striking stamps and stole an appreciable
quantity. The theft was discovered, the stamps recovered and the youth
punished.

(c) It is obvious from all the information given above that some
problems remain to be solved in this area and further data would be
welcomed.
*

MUTE CIRCULAR DATESTAMP POSTMARKS FOR SOLDIERS' MAIL IN 1916-1917

by Alexander Epstein.

The mute WWI cancellations of Russia have been described in a number of
articles (see references 1-5). The reasons for their introduction'and
application during August/September 1914 andsometimes even later, as
well as their abolition, are rather well known. However, less is known
about a certain revival of their use in 1916-1917. In this article, I
would like to shed some light on this second period of applying mute
postmarks in Russia.

This time, the reintroduction of mute markings was connected solely with
soldiers' mail. The point was that, to confirm the free postage privilege
of such mail, there had to be struck on covers or postcards special
handstamps with the designation of the military unit, institution etc.
wherein the sender had been serving. Only later did handstamps with the
wording "From the army on active service" or other phrases to that effect





begin to be introduced and they were almost obligatory by 1917. On the
other hand, covers and cards from home to the army had the military
unit designated in the address.

If a letter had been posted at or received by a sedentary post office
of the Imperial Postal Service, the postmark of such an office with its
designation, together with a military unit handstamp or address on the
cover.could let enemy spies know the current location of the
corresponding military unit or institution, etc. Since at the beginning
of WWI in Russia the corps field post offices had not yet been numbered
and were using date cancellers with the designation of the corps, such
danger was actual for the field post offices as well. As a result, a
decree of the Head of Staff of the Commander-in-Chief of 30.7.14 said
that soldiers' mail should not be postmarked at all. Soon afterwards, the
field post offices started postmarking mail with new datestamps, being
inscribed with a field post number, without any indication as to its
location. However, the above-mentioned decree was gradually forgotten
in many sedentary post offices, which resumed the postmarking of
soldiers' mail with their datestamps. That was the reason for a new
decree No.55, issued by the Head of Staff of the Commander-in-Chief on
10 June 1916. The decree stated, among other things, that:-

(a) All mail presented at field post offices is to be postmarked by a
date canceller of the corresponding field post office.
(b) All mail arriving at sedentary (local) post offices, including
railway post offices, in the theatre of war, is not subject to
postmarking by ordinary cancellers, bearing the locations of such
offices. Postmarking this mail is permitted only where a special
canceller has been manufactured for that purpose, bearing only the
date: year, month and day, but without the location of a specific
sedentary post office.

In carrying out decree No.55, the great majority of sedentary post
offices acted in the simplest way: i.e. they did not postmark soldiers'
letters and postcards at all. However, some did manufacture date
cancellers in the prescribed manner. Some post offices, especially those
situated near the front line, used such datestamps not only for postage-
free soldiers' mail, but also for cancelling the stamps on civilian
mail. Many cases of applying mute postmarks in their pure form, i.e.
without the date and similar to those used in 1914 are also known, e.g.
at Kiev, Mena, Mironovka, Polotsk, Rezhitsa, Turov etc. However, they
are outside the scope of this article. A brief description of the mute
postmarks with date, as known to me, is given hereunder. Since such
postmarks are not notable for a great diversity, the proposed
classification is rather simple, consisting of three or four symbols:-

The first symbol a number:
1. A double-ring marking, with the inscription between the rings
excised, fully or partly. There could remain asterisks and a code-
letter in the lower part of the canceller and sometimes the first
letter or letters of the place-name.
2. A double-ring marking, with the inscription filled in, giving an
almost continuous black strip between the rings.

The second symbol a small letter:
a. The date in a straight line within the date bridge.
b. The date given in the form of a cross.

The third symbol a capital letter:
H. For handstruck markings.
M. For machine markings. 35






The fourth symbol for machine markings only.
s. Straight lines.
w. Wavy lines.

Of course, this classification can be amplified and made more accurate.
Below is a listing of such postmarks known up to the present. In some
cases, it is almost impossible to judge whether the canceller was
deliberately damaged or simply wore out, e.g. the machine cancellers for
Kiev, Odessa and Petrograd.
Type 9mm. Omm. Bridge No.of
Post of outer inner width Code Aster-
office pmk. ring. ring. in mm. letter isks. Note

Dvinsk 2bH 27 17 Fig. 1.
(Daugavpils)
Dvinsk laH 25 14 6.5 2 Fig. 2.
Dvinsk N.W. laH 25 15 6.5 3 Figs.3a, 3b, 16.
Railway
Gapsal' laH 28 17 10 3 Fig. 4. See (1)
(Haapsalu) below.
Gapsal' laH 29 17 9 2 Fig. 5. See (2).
Kiev laMs 24 16 9 ? ? Figs. 6 & 17.
Novoselitsa? 2aH 28 18 11.5 Figs. 7 & 18.
Odessa laMw 28 18 ?? 2 Figs. 8 & 19.
Petrograd laMs 26 15 8 ? ? Figs. 9 & 20.
Revel' laH 28 18 8.5 Figs. 10 & 21.
(Tallinn)
Rezhitsa laH 29 17 10 3 Fig. 11.
(Rezekne)
Smolensk ? ? ? ? ? ? See (3) below.
Vehma laH 29 17 10 Figs. 12 & 21.
(Vohma)
Yur'ev laH 28 18 9 zh 2 Fig. 13. See (1)
(Tartu) below.
Yur'ev laH 28 18 10 k 2 Fig. 14. See (1).
? laH 29 16 7.5 m 2 Figs. 15 & 22.
See (4).
(1) Known applied only in the spring or summer of 1918, i.e. during the
German occupation by the "Postgebiet Ob. Ost" administration.
(2) Known applied only at the end of 1918 or the beginning of 1919 by
the postal service of independent Estonia.
(3) Reported by Levin (ref. 5 below). The parameters are unknown.
(4) Known applied on a postcard from Gorodok, Polotsk province to
Petrograd, sent by a soldier in a reserve detachment, in the form of
a postmark of the receiving post office or an intermediate point.
It could have been struck in Petrograd or even in Polotsk.
REFERENCES:
1. E. Brulle & A.K. Bredys: "Mute Cancellations 1914-1917". Rossica 13/12,
14/50, 18/128, 20/162, 22/200, 23/225, 28/89, 32/161, 37/265.
2. A. Krassovsky: "Mute cancels World War I". BJRP 58/32-33.
3. Dr.G.B. Salisbury: "Mute cancels of World War I". BJRP 12/380-383,
13/403-408, 16/491-502, 17/530-533.
4. Dr.G.S. Salisbury, K. Freitag & K. Adler: "The mute cancellations of
Russia at the beginning of WWI in 1914". BJRP 18/563-566, 19/585-592,
20/621-629, 21/654-657, 22/681-685, 23/722-725, 29/75-82.
5. A. Levin: "Mute cancellations of Russia of the First World War".
Soviet Collector 23/17-30, 24/39-55, 25/60-74, 26/55-71, 27/76-82,
28/70-83.

Please refer to the illustrations on the following pages.

















Fig. 2.









S22 1U1 j
/N -- *
YJ-.--^


Fig. 5.


Fig. 3a.


Fig. 6.


Fig. 3b.


Fig. 7.


# ^ 4
- i-
- \ ", / .
V ^ 1'- *


Fig. 10.


Fig. 11.


SFig. 15.


Fig. 13.


37


Fig. 1.


Fig. 4.


)-1 -. 2


2-J


Fig. 8.


Fig. 9.


Fig. 14.


Fig. 12.









If. .-
rflV?




Jr -: 7! .* )/
tg .-. -
' o ..,


1. "_ V_ _


V
S... ; _- .... ...



{ -* .: ,. -,. ,( % ,
" / .. ^ ..* .
.^.------ .
fc"'*::.; "


Fig. 18.


Fig. 17.









C1


. _a ~











L :
SI

.. .i .




;~*;
..,L.I_.


'. .- ,. ; -...
o lilE U Er LL.

ta











ig. 2.
< ?Fig. 20. .. "


I~C-- -1"~ ---'L~a- ~-rw--- -r_r-..url-r~r ~ -.l-u- 'V


BCE-Pl l illii I tOuITO lhfil (010 'h. POCCI. ................
UNION POSTAL UNIVERSELLE RUSSIE. .-
OTKPblTOE nM1CbMO CARTE POSTAL.E:. ,,










S............I dl:..........


47 <....... ........... a d ...............


HTO A 591 'K 1




m r I:-
r19
4'~~I
ew_.



.... .... ..... .. .. .. .. ... .
yr ..... ..................... .... .. ..
"F


--


s;~~Fig. 19-
(r





II





4 t.




*Fig. 19. C, ,.,I II
1j1


V -. 5,-A";1"4 .,;


-- -~ ------ .~~ U1MQly"3irr~RI.~IY*hn~;l~151~-l-l~ ~-CU


''''




,-















c_


Fig. 21.






POSTAGE STAMPS ISSUED BY THE ZEMSTVOS
by Alex Artuchov

LEBED IAN

TAMBOV PROVINCE















Lebedian is located about 100 miles to the west of the provincial
capital of Tambov in the western extremity of the province. In
1880, the population was about 6,000.

The community was primarily agricultural with the growing of grains
and potatoes and the trading of horses and cattle being some of the
major economic activities.

Lebedian issued stamps between 1872 and 1913.

COAT OF ARMS COLOURS
Top: Blue background with golden bees and beehive on brown earth
and green grass.
Bottom: Blue background with white swan standing on brown earth and
green grass.


1872
20.75 x 28.5 mm typographed on yellowish paper 0.19 mm thick,
on brittle brownish thickly applied gum, since the issue was
typeset each stamp is expected to be a different type, imperforate,
only one unused pair from the upper right corner of the sheet is
known.


Ae6e~uwcKo
U o0 7 T BI;'
5 soexeH.


1. 5 kop. red brown RRRR
(2 known)


~










187?
31.75 x 20.25 mm ,typeset and typographed on rough white or
yellowish white paper 0.11 mm thick, one side of the paper is
smoother than the other and the stamps are printed on either side,
yellowish white gum, imperforate, only single copies known.

MAPKAL
Ae6eAoHCino tor
S 3ecsoi no La(
t AMb KOel


2. 5 kop. gray green


250.00


THE 9 TYPES
Nine types differing in the make up of the frames and inscription
are known. From the reconstruction of the transfer block aided by
stamps having wide margins, it appears that a 3 x-3 arrangement as
shown below was used with the numbers designating the type :

2 1 6
4 5 3
7 8 9


187?
25 x 32.75 mm ,typeset and typographed in 2 colours on yellowish
paper 0.12 mm thick, spotty brown gum, inscription printed in
yellow, imperforate, only single copies known, 2 types.


3. 5 kop. rose lilac, light rose lilac and yellow


(with centre inscription inverted)


R
(20known)
RRRR
( 1 known)


THE 2 TYPES
Type 1 The letter 0 of the word3EMCKO is placed more to the
left above the second half of the letter bl of HO1TbI
Type 2 The letter 0 is placed a little more to the right.


i








Type 1 Type 2


bI bi

187?
33 x 23.5 mm lithographed on smooth white paper 0.1 mm thick,
yellowish white gum, imperforate.







4. 5 kop. reddish lilac RRR
(7 known)
Note: Faded copies of this stamp may appear gray lilac in clour.

187?
32.5 x 24.25 mm similar to previous issue but the oval is more
rounded and the inscription is in block letters, lithographed on
smooth white paper 0.11 mm thick, yellowish white gum with bits of
dirt, imperforate, only single copies known.







5. 5 kop. blue lilac RR
(9 known)

1875 (?)
33 x 25 mm similar to the previous issue but with horizontal
lines forming the centre background being further apart, the stars
at the sides are perpendicular and the inscription is in larger
letters, lithographed on bluish gray paper 0.1 mm thick, brown gum,
imperforate, only single copies and one pair known.



















6. 5 kop. lilac 250.00

1882
20.5 x 15.25 mm lithographed on white or yellowish wove paper
0.11 mm thick, imperforate and also known with sewing machine
perforation 14.5 sheet of 42 in 4 vertical columns with each of
the 2 centre columns having 12 stamps and the 2 outer columns being
printed sideways and perpendicular to the middle columns and having
9 stamps each, the second stamp from the top in the left outer
column and the second stamp from the bottom in the right outer
column are both inverted.






7. 5 kop. violet 10.00

THE SHEET


1 2 .

3 4

5 6

7 8

.q 9 10 P

11 12
Ln -- --- I
13 14

15 16

S17 18

19 20

21 22
23 24 4


* Inverted Stamps










1884 (July 1)
22.5 x 18.5 mm typographed in black on coloured paper 0.07 mm
thick, white gum, sheet of 5 x 10 with 5 transfer blocks of a
5 x 2 arrangement and 10 types, imperforate.



}3exaionl .uifla
*5 non.


8. 5 kap. black on violet paper


5.00


THE SHEET


THE 10 TYPES
Type 1 The top left corner ornament is damaged. The period after
the word HOqTTblis large and shaped like a comma.
Type 2 The letter M in 3EMCKOfis damaged and has a smudged
appearance, the left vertical leg is virtually missing.
Type 3 The third oval frame ornament on the right is damaged.
The top thin outer frameline is bent over the right half
of the stamp.
Type 4 The third oval frame ornament on the left is damaged. The
thin oval top outer frameline is bent over the left half
of the stamp. Large spot on the upper right arm of K of
MAPKA.
Type 5 The second and the sixth oval ornaments on the left have
dents. The thin line separating the top and bottom rows of
stamps in the SW corner consists of 4 dots.


1 2 3 4 5

6 7 8 9 10

1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10

1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10

1 2 3 4 5

6 7 8 9 10








Type 6 The centre segment of the stamp frame at the bottom has a
dent at the right end. At the left end the thick and thin
lines are joined.
Type 7 The thick upper frameline is damaged above the letter M
and has a wide break over the letter K of MAPKA.
Type 8 The letters Hno of nHOTbI are placed higher than the
letters Th Black spot on the lower right corner
ornaments.
Type 9 The upper left corner ornament is deformed.
Type 10- The K of 5 KOH. is broken.


Type 1.




Type 3.




Type 5.


Type 2


\\)


K


Type 4.


/ Type 6.


SType T


TIOPTbl

Type 8.


Type 9.


Type 10
Type 10


45


NOI__










1885 1887
20.75 x 28.5 mm lithographed on white paper, perforated 10.25,
2 editions.


FIRST EDITION (March 18, 1885)
White paper 0.1 mm thick, white gum, sheet of 5 x 6.


9. 5 kQp. blue


1.50


SECOND EDITION (1887)
White paper 0.08 mm thick, streaky white gum, sheet of 8 x 8 with
transfer block of 4 placed horizontally and repeated twice in each
row, damaged plate with vertical line from bottom frameline up and
across the band with and a vertical line at the left
inside inner frameline, a horizontal from the tip of the large 5
left to the inner frameline.


10. 5 kop. yellowish rose


THE NO. 10 SHEET

1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
1 2 3 4 12 3 4
1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
1 2 3 4 1,2 3 4
1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
1 2 3 4 1 2 3 3
1 2 3 4 12 4 2
12341242


2.00


THE FOUR TYPES OF NO. 10
The four types can be identified through the length of the crack
extending from the bottom frameline on the left up and across the
SW corner circle with the 5 and beyond it into the horizontal
inscription n T b Kon. On some of the stamps having a paler shade
the crack lines may not be very distinct.

Type 1 The crack extends from the bottom frameline to the circle
with the 5. It appears again as a small nick at the two
horizontal lines forming the top outline of the
inscription nf Tb Kon









Type 2 The crack from the bottom frameline extends past the
circle with the 5 into the inscription s T b K on.The
horizontal crack line above the central numeral 5 forms
a spot over its top horizontal stroke.
Type 3 Similar to T.2 but without the spot over the 5. The small
nick over the top horizontal framelines of the inscription
HnsTb Konis longer and appears as a short line.
Type 4 The crack from the bottom frameline extends up to the
inscription with nH T b K o n and from there another crack
line runs in the same direction across the width of the
same inscription.

1888 1894
27 x 28.75 mm embossed on white and coloured paper, each stamp
was printed singly, three editions.











FIRST EDITION (Sept. 1888)
Paper on front yellow and white on back and 0.09 mm thick, white
gum.

11. 5 kop. red on yellow 1.50

SECOND EDITION (Sept. 1891)
Front of paper is green and back is white and 0.12 mm thick, shiny
brownish yellow gum.

12. 5 kop. black on green 2.50

THIRD EDITION (Sept. 1894)
White paper 0.07 mm thick, brownish yellow gum.

13. 5 kop. blue 1.50


1901 1913
Similar to proceeding issue, numerals and letters larger, waves are
different, circle around the centre bottom 5 is dotted, dots in the
outer frameline are not connected as on the previous issues, 26.25
x 38.5 mm, embossed on white paper, 5 editions.

FIRST EDITION (August, 1901)
White paper 0.09 mm thick, light brown gum.









14. 5 kop. carmine red


SECOND EDITION (October, 1904)
White paper 0.09 mm thick, light brown gum.

15. 5 kop. lilac 12.00

THIRD EDITION (May, 1909)
White paper 0.1 mm thick,brownish yellow gum, most letters 2 in
the word nHoToB a at the top of the stamp are defective.

16. 5 kop. green, yellow green 1.00

FOURTH EDITION ( ?, 1911)
White paper 0.09 mm thick, dull white gum, stamps with a very shiny
print on the gummed side are known.

17. 5 kop. dull green 1.50

FIFTH EDITION (1913)
Known printed on gummed side and with smudged print.

18. 5 kop. blue green 1.50


1906 (October)
Similar to issue of 1901 1913, but different in details,
separating lines in the centre are thinner, the swan has longer
wings, the numerals 5 of value are narrower, lithographed on white
paper 0.06 mm thick, shiny yellowish white gum, sheet of 6 x 11,
perforated 11.5 and imperforate and also known perforated
horizontally through the middle of the stamp.

19. 5 kop. green 2.00

PROOFS
Proofs have been reported in various colours and in black on
various papers.

A. On white paper 0.06 mm thick, imperforate, white gum, coloured
background.
5 kop. green, without gum, in colour of originals
5 kop. dark brown
5 kop. brown
5 kop. slate gray, brownish gum

B. Printed in black on coloured paper 0.06 mm thick, white gum,
black background.
5 kop. black on sea green paper
5 kop. black on yellow paper
5 kop. black on rose paper
5 kop. black on bright blue green paper


20.00










- 5 kop. black on gray paper
- 5 kop. black on brown yellow paper
- 5 kop. black on olive green paper
- 5 kop. black on salmon coloured paper

C. On coloured paper 0.06 mm thick, white gum, imperforate, black
design on light background.
- 5 kop. black on rose paper
- 5 kop. black on light rose paper
- 5 kop. black on blue gray paper
- 5 kop. black on green paper
- 5 kop. black on greenish gray paper
- 5 kop. black on white paper with olive green network
- 5 kop. black on chalky white paper 0.12 mm thick

1884 (April, 20)
This stamp which some assume to be an essay was printed by N.
Chrisogelos in Odessa. Copies of the stamp were sent to the various
zemstvo post offices as samples. Another stamp of the same design
but in carmine and green is also known. Although some postmarked
copies of these stamps are known they were never officially used as
postage.









SCHMIDT/CHUCHIN CATALOGUE CROSS-REFERENCE:
Sch 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 17 18 19
Ch 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 17 18 19 20 16

LEBEDTN

KHARKOV PROVINCE


L










Located in the northwest portion of the province, Lebedin is
approximately 100 miles from the capital city of Kharkov. In 1897,
its population was 16,684.

Lebedin is located in an area characterized by rich soil and among
its agricultural products sugar beets were the main crop. It was
also the fourth largest city in the province.

Lebedin issued stamps between 1884 and 1918.

COAT OF ARMS COLOURS
Top: Green background with golden cornucopia and staff of mercury.
Bottom: Golden background with white swan on light brown soil.


1884 1886
Several issues of the first stamp exist, all with the same design.
Due to a lack of information it is impossible to assign dates of
issue with any certainty. The issues are distinguished by their
differences in colour and the dates on postmarks by Schmidt.

21 x 27.5 mm lithographed on white paper 0.09 0.11 mm thick,
printed with smeared and double impressions known, perforated 11.75
- 13 with all possible combinations, sheet unknown, the largest
known multiple of 8 x 4 seems to indicate a transfer block of 5
placed horizontally and differing from one another by the openings
at the centre of the inner oval frameline.









1884 (Jan. 1)

1. 5 kop. blue 5.00

1884 (end)

2. 5 kop. greenish blue 8.00

1885

3. 5 kop. ultramarine 15.00

1885

4. 5 kop. sky blue 5.00









- known imperforate vertically.


1885 1886

5. 5 kop. blue, dark blue 6.00

1887 1899
Printed in St. Petersburg by the State Printing Office, typographed
in 2 colours on white paper 0.08 mm thick, yellowish white gum,
sheet of 5 x 5, perforated 13.25, 3 editions.








FIRST EDITION (April, 1887)
Space between stamps is 1.75 2.0 mm, the length of a horizontal
row of 5 stamps is 101 mm perforated 13.25 mm with small holes.

6. 5 kop. blue or dark blue and light bluish green 2.00

SECOND EDITION (1893 1895)
Change of colour, in 1893 20,000 stamps issued and another 20,000
issued in 1895.

7. 5 kop. indigo blue and prussian blue 1.00

THIRD EDITION (1898 1899)
Space between stamps 2.25 2.5 mm length of a horizontal row of
5 is 102.5 mm perforated 13.25 with large holes, 20,000 stamps
issued in 1898 and 20,000 stamps issued in 1899.

8. 5 kop. indigo blue and light lilac blue 0.50

1899
Due to a reduction in the postal rates and the expectation that the
next shipment of stamps from St. Petersburg would be delayed a
provisional issue was introduced. A 6 mm high 2 was overprinted on
No. 7 of the proceeding issue in black.

9. 2 kop. black overprint on No. 7 RR
(9 known)
1900 1916
New 2 and 3 kop. values introduced on the same design as for the
proceeding issue, over time a total of 15 separate printings
accumulated with only a few of the printings differing from the
others in colour.



(to be continued in No. 32 ) 51


L






ABOUT THE POSTAL RATES OF THE UKRAINE DURING THE CIVIL WAR


by Oleksandr Ivakhno

An exact and complete knowledge of postal rates and other postal
regulations applied by various authorities in the Ukraine during the
Civil War period not only facilitates the correct description and
classification of postal sending during that time, but also draws up a
series of historical facts, which mainly specify the dates of capture of
several inhabited localities by one or other of the armies.

In the "Philatelic Shorts" section of "The Post-Rider" No.30, Robert
Taylor writes that the registered letter sent from Kiev in May 1919 was
franked according to the Ukrainian rates (25*kop. for the first rate step
and 25 kop. for registration). However, in the territories controlled by
the Ukrainian government, those rates were only valid until 15 November
1918 (they were the first Ukrainian postal rates). As of that day, the
second scale of Ukrainian rates was introduced, namely:-
35 kop.: First rate step for an intercity letter.
50 kop.: Registration fee, thus totalling 85 kop.
Hence, the Soviet and Ukrainian postal rates for intercity letters only
coincided for two months; from 15 Sept. 1918 (when the second scale of
Soviet postal rates was introduced) until 15 Nov. 1918. From then on and
into 1919, they were different.

Many covers exist sent in 1919 from the Ukraine to the well-known
collector Petr Pavlovich Shchapov. In the Editorial Comment to Mr.
Taylor's remarks, one such cover is shown, sent from Khar'kov/Kharkiv. In
Fig.l herewith,
we see yet .,
another reg'd ..
letter sent to
P.P. Shchapov
from Kiev on 6th.
Aug.1919, franked
with a block of :
10-shahiv regular 0
stamps, roughly
perf. 11 and a -
pair of 15-kop. ._- ,_u .?
Arms, thus adding l
up to 50 kop. and .
in exact
accordance with -* ,.I 1:
the second scale
of Soviet postal .... r -V
rates.
The Editorial
Comment also
illustrated a
money order sent
from Belilovka,
Kiev province,
3.12.19 to
Berdichev. The Fig. i.
opinion was
expressed that
this money order was sent during White rule. However, it was franked
with Ukrainian stamps and at the Ukrainian rates! Actually, specifically
in accordance with the second scale of Ukrainian postal rates, the cost





of transmission of funds by a money order was equal to 1% (50 shahiv or
25 kop. for each 25 roubles or fraction). Not only that, but the White
rates were different. As of 1 July 1919, new rates were introduced in
the territories controlled by the Armed Forces of the South of Russia,
i.e. the Volunteer Army of General Denikin, whereby the cost of
transmission of a money order was equal to 50 kop. for each 25 roubles
or fraction, i.e. 2% (1).

Moreover, on the territory of the Ukraine seized by the Volunteer Army,
there were taken out of postal circulation all the low values of
Ukrainian stamps (from 1 to 70 kop. and 10 to 50 shahiv) and replaced
by the Denikin stamps from 5 to 70 kop. However, it was permitted to
utilise the Ukrainian high values from 1 to 10 roubles at par with the
Denikin high values. For those reasons, a money order sent during the
Volunteer Army administration could NOT be franked with 50-shahiv stamps.

One could surmise that there actually were affixed to this money order
120 copies of the 50-shahiv stamp (equal to 30 roubles) and not 124
copies. The four superfluous stamps could have been stuck on later from
another money order form, when they were stored together in the postal
archives, tightly tied in bundles. It is probable that they are the
self-same four stamps seen in the illustration in "The Post-Rider"
No.30 in mirror image, i.e. from the other side. Also, could it be
suggested that there were 240 stamps (i.e. 60 roubles or 2% of the
transmitted sum) originally affixed and 116 of them cut off at a much
later date by a collector, who had the form in his possession? One needs
to examine carefully the stamps on this form in order to arrive at a
definitive conclusion.

However, before conducting a thorough investigation, let us turn to the
history of the Civil War in the Ukraine. At the beginning of December
1919, the front line between the Reds and the Whites passed precisely
through the Berdichev district and that town changed hands several
times. On 6th. December when the Whites launched a counter-attack,
Berdichev, which was then held by the Reds, was taken by the Volunteer
Army. It was not until 9th. December that the town was finally captured
by the Reds. Therefore, the money order sent from Belilovka on 3rd.
December could not get to Berdichev in time, since the entire district
around the town was an active war zone at that time.

If Berdichev were under Soviet rule at the end of November/beginning
of December, then it would have been entirely possible that the Reds
were also in Belilovka in that period. If that were actually the case,
then everything falls into place: the money order under investigation
was sent from Red Belilovka to Red Berdichev, paid at the Red postal
rates and even franked with stamps of red colour! Actually, in
accordance with the Soviet postal rates of 15 Sept. 1918, the cost of
sending a money order was minimal: 50 kop. for each 100 roubles or
fraction, i.e. 0.5%. However, from 5 Nov. 1919 (from 1st. November in
Moscow and Petrograd), the fee for sending a money order was doubled:
Ir. for each 100r. sent, i.e. 1%, not 2% and the new Soviet rate for
money orders coincided with the Ukrainian rate then in force. Moreover,
the Soviet authorities allowed postal sending to be franked with
Ukrainian stamps of all values; they were regarded as "trophy" stamps.
It is therefore possible that the money order was franked with Red
50-shahiv stamps and not White Denikin stamps.

On the next page, we see in Fiq. 2a the front and in Fig. 2b the back
of yet another money order from the same source, sent from the self-
same Belilovka on 2.5.19 to the Revenue Office in Berdichev.

















-G' 5oaprThpr c4y py6Jias npon"chIlo. a Koatiu
| Iopf#u.Aai ap c& DoAyuT'n

A 6. .A Oy a .


Fig. 2a.


OTMtTKH4.


PocnHCKa nonyqaTenll.


Fig. 2b.


n o. y u ................. ............... 19l
(tUscau, Husea H'rej).





(EDITORIAL COMMENT: Even the handwriting is the same on both documents,
so they were both serviced by the same postal official, i.e. before
the Ukraine was occupied by the Volunteer Army). The money order form
for the sum of 933 roubles was franked with 10 x 50-kop. Ukrainian
trident stamps, totalling 5 roubles or roughly 0.5% of the transmitted
sum and thus conforming exactly with the Soviet postal rates of
15.9.18. But, of course, Belilovka and Berdichev were then under
Soviet rule!



Sd n n n EPEBO Rir" '.; se a .




























It was serviced by another postal official in Belilovka, who calculated
r,





















Belilovka" written near the bottom front of the money order. In other
p.74.
Y M6 H ,
', ', -'. V
:I .- ; !. ,a : "fl S Y T I .


























On further examination of this first money order for the same amount of
money, it can be confirmed that 124 copies of the 50-shahiv stamp were
affixed and tied to that form. In short, the two postal officials in
Belilovka had slightly different ideas about the fee for transmitting
money by means of a money order! In both cases, it was approximately
. ..
























1% of the amount to be sent.




*
a d ad to postaoffiials .








moneyBbymeansovk" wnney oder bottom case iof was aoppnerdrox Int oely

1%ear the wamu to edichv wher i nally aried oto be2nent.






THE SPARTAKIADA ROUND-UP


by Andrew Cronin, Robert Taylor and Dr. Denys Voaden

Andrew Cronin.
The article in "The Post-Rider" No.30, pp.37-40 about the 1935 Worldwide
Spartakiada set has brought to light some further information, including
the publication of a study by Vsevolod Furman of Odessa, entitled "A
Splendid Issue for an Aborted Spartakiade", edited by Mark Maestrone and
Sherwin Podolsky. It appeared in the "Journal of Sports Philately",Vol.31,
No.1 for Sept.-Oct.1992. Many thanks are due to Mr. Podolsky of
California for bringing that article to our attention.

Mr. Furman made some incorrect assumptions in his work about the date of
issue, international postal rates and stamp distribution, but he was also
able to provide some interesting data. He traced the history of the
Spartakiada movement from its inception into the early 1930s and has
pretty well proved that, because of many difficulties, especially in
getting the stadium ready, the 1935 Worldwide Spartakiada NEVER TOOK
PLACE! That explains the continued absence of any of the stamps of this
set with special cancellations commemorating the event. The artwork was
by V. Zav'yalov, adapted from posters created by A. Maleinov. The games
had been in the planning stage for a couple of years and, indeed, the
stamps had been prepared in essay form, measuring 36x36mm., as against
40x40mm. for the issued values, line-perforated 10 on watermarked paper
with the familiar "carpet" design (Scott Wmk.170: "Greek border and
rosettes") and with the year "1934" inscribed at top right, instead of
the initials CCCP. The issued stamps were line-perf.14,without watermark.









The essays are extremely rare and four of them are shown above. They have
been offered as Lot 2221 in the Cherrystone Auction of 4-5 November 1992
with an estimate of US $3000.00 for the complete set of ten items, as
against a catalogue value of DM 15,000.- in Michel. Mr. Furman also
records the issued stamps with the "OSPA3EIJ" (Specimen) perforation,
extending over two or three units and applied either horizontally or
vertically. Judging by the size of these stamps in diamond format, it
would seem that the sheets consisted of 25 units (5 rows of 5).

The cancellation of the event is not surprising, as the world was in the
depths of the Great Depression at the time and it would have been
prohibitively expensive for foreign athletes to travel to the USSR. It
would appear that the games were postponed to the following year, when a
similar series of Workers' Olympics was scheduled in the summer in Madrid
during the Spanish republican period. However, the Spanish Civil War
broke out on 18 July 1936, just as the games were to get under way, so
once again it was a non-event.

Robert Taylor.
Details are set out hereunder of usages for the stamps of this set, with
the exception of the 3k. and 15k. values, as follow:-





















M-r. Efraim Issaharoffy | :
..-.. 'Poste Restanter- SpaHMy Iccaxa
TEL AVIV,. al. t ,b 11 Apa
SIlaJecTHa,

M 375


A registered cover bearing the 1k. Spartakiada and franked at the
correct rate of 50k. for a foreign surface letter plus 80k. reg. fee,
sent from the Moscow-31 post office on 16.5.38 to Efraim Issaharoff,
a well-known dealer at that time in Tel-Aviv, Palestine.



-.1,


















Here we see the 2k. & 4k. Spartakiada issue on a foreign surface letter,
sent from the Moscow-55 post office on 24.7.35 with other postage, but
underfranked by 3 kop. for the rate applicable at that time (15 kop.).









Reg'd
cover
from the
Moscow
G.P.O.
17.3.36
with the
5k.& 20k.
values
to Bad
Buckow,
Germany
with 3
other
stamps
and
over-
franked
by 1 kop.
The rate
at that
time was
a total
of 35k.








Reg'd
cover
from the
Soviet Ph.
Assocn.,
sent
from the
Moscow-50
post
office
10.10.35
with the
10 kop.
value &
other
stamps
to make
up the
correct
35 kop.
rate to
Berne.


'W2RC- Nc
UV:4 IAIN LE


58,







.. -Lc-)
,-Emr
Nam"

42... i

-~Plog~ ,) 0


(a)10k.value + 5k. on
properly paid surface
letter Moscow-50, sent
31.8.35 to San Francisco.
(b)20k.value + 20k. on
reg.letter Moscow GPO
22.3.36 to Czechoslovakia;
overpaid by 5 kop.
(c)20k.value + 20k. on
local reg. letter Kiev
Philatelic Gathering
cancel 22.9.36, 11-Y-1.
.Overpaid by 10 kop.
A rare Ukrainian cancel.


e


(a)





44- QCh Jeeir


qEXO CJIO]Ah-KW{J
- -III
C&AS1Ac~


SM PABCKA OCT
fl


i. IrI 1t : 1
(b),k





PABA


CHK. CKyrapOBOKHda, h.K.: K :




CCCP. MoOKBa-LeHTP, rIx. IovTaMT,, AdoiteMdeTHUJI. ) IOIQ QC0 59


N


- -r~-------~---~ I-~-- -- -----lr -----


-- -


t PI
, ~C'

:al
-c;
,,
n/
:


k~C~3 I


31












The 20k. value
plus other
stamps on a
properly paid
reg'd air
letter from
Leningrad
1.10.35 to
6esk6
Budjjovice,
including
50k. airmail
surtax to
Czechoslovakia.
Note the
special
Leningrad-
Berlin airmail
marking.


The 20k. value
on a properly
paid reg'd
surface letter
from Khar'kov/
Kharkiv
3?.1.36 to
Sofia,
Bulgaria.


I kDC u6"YA oq 914 6'

-.: -- _: ..M .^L' .
NO$ j A A

;- ,' -. 3 .

)O.?..Tb :Leningrad i
~: !,- .. : .. .. --: .i I,


t .

























B'llMAHEia1


USSR Moskau 50, Nastasiinskii Per. 3. Telegrammadresse-PHILATELIE MOSKAU


Here we have two properly paid registered surface covers, each with the
35-kop. value and sent through the Moscow-50 post office, the first on
27.5.35 to Philadelphia and the second on 5.8.35 to Berne, Switzerland.
EDITORIAL COMMENT: Sherwin Podolsky also has this value on a registered
surface cover from the Soviet Philatelic Association, sent from the
Moscow-50 office, 23.5.35. It would seem that that item, addressed to
a Viennese dealer, probably contained details about the recently issued
Spartakiada set and thus would have confirmed that it had indeed
appeared on 22 April 1935, as stated in several catalogues.
61


10?/ LIP 11







-.' f r l


C~&mA64ieS


or4. w~L


41


Above is the 40k. value + 25k. in other stamps, sent from the Moscow-9
office 7.12.35 and apparently paying the proper air rate to Ztrich
(15k. surface letter plus 50k. airmail surtax for Switzerland).


4I '

*I


I' c. t /
e-cS '' ,: -I !S
Ci .:


'9* 6i'*/ / -.





;,.i -' ^ .., ". '
~ ~ Ja ..A ''
--\ c'3 2ZjQi 7- C
;i.
c- .0
.7fZ Ja^ir^ ,^cl.^i


: ~ ~ 1 '
4


C,--r.
'V ~ ,' er <,



i .,. i; i


A reg. letter with this value, sent through the Moscow-50 office on
5.2.36 to Parkstone, England and overpaid by 5 kop. at that time.


. ii.6i. i ii 4
R^JP


----~--


..~-;,.L...-~~~-- ---~,----


. :; i*: :1III*


~E~kp~












TA reg'd
=^ ^s ^ '^^:II surface
4 letter
"'' from
B Z4T'+ Moscow
^.lonaieur 0.- B j 3 11 S T '3.12.36
"o : "+ with the
140k. stamp
P 0. Box 5813 '. and
cc"p' ~ correctly
Metropolitan station franked
.T...., TOS ANGELES at ir.30k.
nonc o (50 kop.
anlifornid surface
no,_..a cI + 80 kop.
regn. fee)
""to Los
]i, .* Angeles.


-I I.
,1o, o,,, i MOSCOU ..
..:,U .. ,.... .




z ,, .Another

2 I '-- -n- A. Angeles

*.'- .. Il .Jwith the
0 3_ 40 kop.,
but from
~ .' J. Leningrad
,1 28.7.37
i and over-
'i paid by
-. *lfor the
"l .-- reg'd
surface
i. rate
Sgoingd.
'I ,.iiI. A...,. I abroad.


L






EDITORIAL COMMENT: We now know why these Spartakiada stamps are so hard
to find on cover; Robert Taylor has collared most of the existing
examples!

Dr. Denys Voaden.


- ri 3 -r~dk


1'11 .1.A


i-;
y~'~!

j
.


~F1-
.~
"

-i- k



L

1:
.-.; ''''~'
c;~ r

s-
~n't .:
I ....



*_ *:..


I have a cover, as shown above, which includes the usage of the 3-kop.
Spartakiada stamp to make up the correct rate of 15 kop. for a surface
letter going abroad from Moscow 22.7.35 to New York City, in addition to
the Ik. & 2k. values.

FINAL EDITORIAL COMMENT: We now have records of all the Spartakiada
stamps on cover, with the exception of the 15-kop. value. It must surely
exist thus, as that was the rate for a surface foreign letter until 1st.
May 1936. Keep looking for it, dear readers and let us know!
& *

OVAL RAILWAY POSTMARKS IV

by Rev. L.L. Tann.

With sincere thanks to our editor, I offer here a few additional items
in the Oval Railway Postmarks Saga. Many thanks are also due to all the
collectors who (a) contributed to the series and (b) all those who
wrote to me on the subject. One collector commented that I had not
mentioned the oval postmarks of the Chinese Eastern Railway: routes
259-260 and 261-266. These have been more than adequately covered and
I thought that, by comparison, many of the Russian domestic routes had
not even been touched on.

64


BC'
.rr.r~r, rlrrr r-ryz,~rrr 1


'~' '
... _.;!:li-"l

''


- I


V-4 I




iSA





Any other business.


apparently
Station so
designated


Illustration 1
shows part of a
postcard that
63 came my way
:recently. Apart
from the part-
*V. strike of the
EVI I DOPLATITyPOCHT.
I OIllustration i. VAGON/1, there
byhnI11 c, of is a part-pmk.
i of MOSCOW/NIKOL.
(II) VOKZ. Dated
....... .---:,. 1907, I have
never seen an
NICHOLAS II STN. before. Any ideas, anyone? Was the Nicholas
busy that a branch of the station post office was needed and
as II?


OTHPbITOE MiiCbMr-.CARTE POSTAL


13 Xiustration 2. 1 ,
DPa.28 04 1

6.4
..~p...'
:~ ~ ~ ( ~'Ct\~ -:


Illustration 2
shows another
very early oval
type KHAR'KOV-16-
MOSCOW of 12.8.04
(the drawing
thanks to Philip
Robinson).


Illustration 3
features the pmk
TSVETKOVO-130-
VAPNYARKA. Routes
129/130 are not
common. The ones
I possess and
have seen have
only been partly
struck (drawing
again thanks to
Philip Robinson).


Illustration 4 on the next page is itself a photocopy of a postcard
still in Russia, bearing a scarce route: KOTLAS-220-VYATKA 30.12.16. At
the time of writing, this was the only example Philip Robinson had of
route 220. Received at Vyatka Vokzal 2.1.17. But, surely, there must
be other examples from this route.
65


ISOI

.21.
-r 25121a


c7. Illustration 3 .

r.. C6








Illustration 4.;..


-~

E- -.












2 .. ..... ....
LIj












-u":. I lust /Jtion 6..
-. a.,

















I t .

..io.e... . .......... .......

6 6 -
'M1~o5
Thv,&-o-(












~~:. -I .1 .
E ..** .2 -
66,: :LrI






Illustration 5 shows another very scarce route, though sadly only in
partial strikes. It is the un-numbered Transcaucasian branch line:
BORZHOM-MIKHAILOVO and this is dated ...7.12. I exchanged letters with
Peter Ashford on this one and his earliest date is 23.9.13, so my
example is 14 months earlier. Peter points out it is interesting that
all the known examples of the Borzhom-Mikhailovo route are in the
summer time and early autumn, suggesting that they were from postcards
sent by tourists.

Illustration 6 at the bottom of the previous page gives another example
of a station registration label. It is on a fine cover from Libava
Vokzal to Chita, with the LIBAVA ZH.D.P.O. label.
.- Illn. 7 is
-t another
stunning
Grand final
-and is from
MB my new
'Z 0'- friend Timo
SBergholm of
Finland.
4 ;-7 ~ When he saw
hol ;Fig. 38 in
Oi. "The Post-
4 T. -Rider"No.30,
-: .*., the cover
'. ,:- from Edw.
0 Kossoy with
Sw the 7-k.Arms
pair on

m Riga Stn.
Smute cross
postmarks,
d w t he realized
that he had
a matching
TI- cn s l be sn cover: see
herewith
1 .Illustration 7. Timo's
Sin cover has a
G 4 ...l ,: i.f 14-kop.
Romanov with a similar miute cross postmark. It also has the TPO/RPO
registration handstamp, but the lower section with the inscription
"P.V. No." for the number of the route to be written in by the clerk has
been blacked out, as an accompanying attempt to defeat espionage, in
tandem with the mute cancellation. Of course, all defeated by the
printed heading on the envelope that clearly announced RIGA, in Latin
script yet! Timo writes that, in spite of the black-out, the letters
"P.V.No." can still be seen. Addressed to Pernov (P&rnu), it is a
superb cover. Congratulations, my friend! The No. 989 written in the top
section of the registration handstamp is, I think, the number of
registration at the station post office.

The final illustration 8 on the next page is of a similar cover, which I
found among bunches of photocopies I filed away years ago. It was on
offer from Stanley Gibbons and I did not buy it! It also has a 14-kop.
Romanov on cover, again from Riga and addressed to Libava. The regn.
handstamp of the TPO/RPO is in dull red and, although the P.V. No. has
again been blacked out, it shows through quite clearly. The mute
67












Illustration 8. A- "' 'o ep Oy Oii'ecT
mAhc th tLiepIHO t cV At 61ogh Y a"
oti "o .w re: ke th r .* egstrtin.

The tu d f early in "h w:a i "

.MexaHH~ HHXCKn AH CyACOf aHTPO iola bHbi 3
4 *A.
;". t* e-. 3.O










postmark has a muchthcker cross. Although no date was applied by the
post office, the private oval handstamp in green at lower left is dated
19 SEP.1914. Another magnificent cover, the whereabouts now unknown.
One interesting point: these three covers, including Fig.38 from "The
Post-Rider" .30, were all franked at the 4k. rate for registration.
They thus date from early in the war, before the postal rates were raised
to 10k. for the inland rate, plus another he. registration fee.
A final note. At the BSRP Manchester meeting of 13 Sept.1992, George
Henderson included in his display of Russian Poland a cover dated 9.6.11
with fine ovals of the TPO/RPO WARSAW-29-MINSK. It was franked with a
notation: P. Vag. 29 / N.2, i.e. postal van route 29, letter No.2. A
very fine item, George r cross. Although no date was applied by the
This now concludes the private ovals Saga and the "any other business" appendix,
but the subject has only just started. The information pouring into
Philip RobinSon has ensured that he needs to expand his lists, extend
dates and fill in gaps, such that it may be well into 1993 before his
Railway Postmarks book appears. That too is only a beginning, but what a
beginning! We would still like to hear from collectors and friends with
more of the scarce postmarks: the high numbers in the 300s, un-numbered
routes and details of other covers registered on the postal vans of trains.





FRANCO-RUSSIAN FRIENDSHIP STATIONERY

by Marcel Lamoureux, Col. Asdrlbal Prado and Andrew Cronin

The query raised about such items raised by Herman Z. Hirsch in "The
Post-Rider" No.28, p.76 has sparked the following comments:-

Marcel Lamoureux.
From the material in my possession, it appears that these items may be
classified into two broad categories:-

(a) The visit of the French Fleet to Kronshtadt in 1891 and the return
visit of the Russian Fleet to Toulon in 1893 during the reign of the
emperor Alexander III, as shown below:-
S-... (i) A letter-
Scard printed in
.8AEPLITOE IIlHCM0.- CARTE-LETTRE grayry with the
vignette of
BeeNiun -fl [0TOBhlD BColo0. Pocci0. IAlexander III &
.. .Cronstadt 1891 Toulon 1893 without perfs,
UNION. POSTAL INTERNATIONAL although the
S7 instruction says
._'-- .. "To open, tear in
.-~. following the
S" perforation". The
i- .card does not
appear to have
... been trimmed, as
:it is in a
.- -- standard size.
S-- See immediately
.-.-- ..below for
.. .... .' -' "- ..... .'.... -.- ..... compare ison .
A__.nn ca phrTI OTPWBueb apaa no npo.ony.
Pour ourrir la cartl-lelre, dichirer en suivant I pointillU





8- a8PLITOE lIiCEMOd -CARTE LETTER
Bceeimaan nuqTBsi ColosB. Pocas
: -~lso PosTALE INTERNATIOA (ii) A letter-
S-Crodnl tndt9 ;891, T-@l. Icoii8 card with
9 .-- i-'--M-. _perforations,
--. .printed in gray
,- ." -and mailed in
'-: Paris 20.5.94
with 15 centimes
postage affixed
front and back.
4 -This is a
.~ philatelic usage,
as there is no
ii-- '.,- message inside
.. :.:, .n-,c .p Ea pno. u.o_. the card.


L






(iii) A similar
letter-card, but m
printed in red SA3PMTOS fHCLbO.- CARTE-LETTRE
and with a black Bceipn~rini IIorron ifbl Co0sm. Poccia.
border added,
apparently in UNION POSTAL INTERNATrONALE
apparently in
1894, upon the Cronstads 1s91 Totelo Iss 93 -
death of the
emperor
Alexander III. M







foer Fncis Sdri OTarno at bot le
PoDtr ouvrir la carwte-li res dibirer en s.ivat oi


(iv) Yellow
envelope,
completely
printed in blue c
to commemorateNo -
the visit of' "ra 5
the Russian
Fleet to Toulon.
The inscription
on the anchor
at bottom right
reads "Toulon /
1893". Note
the imprinted
15-centime
die.







(b) The visit of the emperor Nicholas II and the empress Aleksandra to
Paris on 6 to 8 October.96,at which time.there was a new French president
in office. I can record three items, as follow:-

(i) A-newspaper wrapper printed in green, the emperor Nicholas II
featured at left and the current French president at right. We see on the
address side a space for the franking (affranchissement), the imprinted
vignette of the former emperor Alexander III at top left and that of the
former French president Marie Frangois Sadi Carnot at bottom left.
EDITORIAL COMMENT: Marie Frangois Sadi Carnot was assassinated at Lyon on
24 June 1894 by an anarchist, hence the change in French presidents.
Your editor also has this wrapper printed in blue. Note a constant
variety: a break in the right frame of the Sadi Carnot vignette, as
shown under (i) on the next page.






:-


I i

O.OUVEf41R DE LA r PITE
do I'Epcrciir el de I'lmlipralrice de Blussie, Alfranchi.sem*
a Paris, les 6, 7, 8 Octobre 1896.



(i) .......
..


(ii)


............I...................
. .............. ......... .......................... .................................................................


~fL~





(ii) A buff envelope, with the French 5-centime stamp imprinted in
green and the design at left showing Aleksandra and Nicholas in black,
dated 6 October 1896 in French. See under (ii) on the previous page.
(iii) A postcard, printed in black and with the view side inscribed
"Souvenir of the Franco-Russian Celebrations, Paris, October 1896".
Please refer to (iii) on the previous page.

Colonel Asdrdbal Prado.


JVENIR DE LA VISITE-
IPEREUR ET- LIMPgRATRICE DE RUSSIE
r, Paris, VersaiTles, Crialns- Ockbre S100


UVENIR DE LA ViSITE
PEREUR ET L'IMPfRATRICE DE RUSSIE
Paris, Versailles, CrIalons-Oclbhre ISn(


(i) I have three cards printed in black with the framed portrait of
Nicholas II at left, in the same design as at the left side of the
wrappers held by M. Lamoureux and A. Cronin, together with a 3-line
French inscription at bottom, reading: "SOUVENIR OF THE VISIT / of the
emperor and empress of Russia /.Cherbourg, Paris, Versailles, Chalons -
October 1896". They also bear three different imprinted vignettes of
the current French president, Nicholas II and Aleksandra, as shown.
Additional vignettes were affixed and cancelled on 6 Oct.96 in Paris.
72































bottom left and "Bellevoine jne Sc." at bottom right.

Andrew Cronin.
I can report four more items, as follow:-


CARTE POSTAL
; 6 Ant,


S Ce cdti est exclusivement riserv i l'adresse.


:*CropnstadtV



: Toulon
4-
1893


635


(1ii) A card in
dark brown,
inscribed PAX
(PEACE) at top
centre and with
the slogan:
"DUNKERQUE-
COMPIEGNE-REIMS/
1896-PARIS-1901"
below the two
coats of arms,
with a portrait
of Nicholas II
at left and yet
another new
French president
at right and a
space for the
franking at
bottom right.
Also the
abbreviations
"A.M.Inv." at




(i) A postcard
in black on
gray-green
stock, with an
imprinted
French 10-
centime design
and below it
an imprinted
Alexander III
vignette. At
left the
Russian
Imperial coat
of arms and
the
inscription:
"Cronstadt
1891 / Toulon
1893".


g.I :4.'.


(ii) A larger card (115 x 149mm.), printed in green and designated
"Affranchissement insuffisant" (Insufficient franking) at top right.
Two stamp impressions of 1-centime have been added in black, with two
further spaces for 5 centimes/5 kop. & 3 centimes/3 kop. Inscribed in
French: "Souvenir of the visit of the Russian Squadron at Toulon,
13 October 1893" and "Alexander III Tsar of Russia". Also, another
inscription in Russian, reading: "Be well disposed to us, you, Russian
brothers!" (two spelling mistakes in the Russian word for well
disposed). Please see the illustration at the top of the next page.


DUNKERQUE COMPIEGNE REIMS
1896 PARIS 1901


.. .. ... .... .. .. ........ .



Ee;]iw.~ ,"'S '


A I. A7.


~i~S~ r


'"~


--









s*aloaIO sane a aoainouog op




snlo dsoJd-anoijle 3 np opueap jns ooueaj IoAut
e -souJj fij; jd snid ap 0 inod .
Ij)cqorp soum.IJ g l; nbsnr 00O .mod OF op asiaJ oai oA
UISIOH3 V S311nf3i 30 IOAN3
J9!nioJlJed uo ouij Jl p u9 stIau sarqWr Op Jay/ sdj e/oy
!T. 'salonb4d L s9a *,j 9 '00F *Jj 'OL
O .T '0V-' T" 'OT o 0 ',q -*JJ T '001 Og.iT nodo 000

SWRDNVJLi S9II'IL 9R SMlnOvd


3AKIPlITQOE I HOMO.- .CARTE-LETTRE
Bee.tipilii o'o12o1mhfi C0103%. Pocei.
UNION POSTAI.F INTERNATIONAL
Cronstndt 1891 To'nloim 1893
-4--


M LouIS HUOT
TIMBRES STRANGERS POUR COLLECTIONS.

1.25, Boulevard Montparnasse

F.AR.IS
; IH BC(pblTiAl UTJP larl b s~pa 110 IlpuKUO I'.
Pour ouvrir la 'carte-It're, dicbircr en suiviant Ic pointill.













LEPRINCE.

87 IR T3-E JACO. B 387

.*-. .-PARIS ---'

Corbeilles de Table

PARURES ET BOUQUETS POUR MARIAGES ET FETES

Doqation pou;p Bala ei 4oiirde


EXPEDITION EN PROVINCE

iI


Cours el LeCons de -Dessin

S AQUARELLE, PASTEL El PEINTURE


1, rtle Littr-, Pa ris



PREPARATIONION AUX EXAMENS
DES F-
;.: Brevets Eldmentaire et Superieur


r ".'.


S tTY 3E JACOB -

Paris
HORLOGERIE BIJOU ERIE .
S.JOAILLERE" '

ACHiJLAT D OR ET2 D'ARQE.NT
.Rdparations en tIus Genres

"MA.-ISO' DE 'CONIANTCE-
A- ; A -


TYPOGRAPHIE et LITHOGRAPHIE



* TOUS GENRES


Passage du Caire

^ ''
* Fclalfiti de CartcS dC &Ti6ite

Bllels dj Naisqance, Lettres de Ahariage
-. ". -


Bellavoinre J"Sc.


PARis 6 OCTOBRE 1896.


M.IuAr.


- ---


--


,- ----~-


_L L


I


-, _


I I






(iii).A double card in pale blue with the Alexander III vignette
imprinted at top right and inscribed in Russian and French: LETTER CARD.
Also dated "Cronstadt 1891 Toulon 1893". All four sides of this item
simulating a letter-card are overprinted with advertisements, as shown
on pp.74-75.
(iv) A card, similar to the "PAX" item shown by Colonel Asdrubal Prado,
but an earlier version inscribed: "PARIS 6 OCTOBRE 1896" and featuring
the current French president at right, all printed in dark brown.
Please see the illustration at the bottom of p. 75.

EDITORIAL COMMENT: Other settings and productions undoubtedly exist, but,
at the very least, the above survey will give readers some idea of the
scope of the subject. Many thanks once again to our contributors!
*




PHILATELIC SHORTS

DEAR READER.
Is there a question or point you would like to put
across to the readership; is there an interesting
stamp, cancellation or cover that you would like to
describe; is there an item in your collection that
could use some clarifying information, or might there ao. o0o ,o
be some gems of wisdom that you could impart on some o*00
newly acquired item ? o00 ,*

Share your questions, thoughts and wisdom, in the confines
of a couple of paragraphs with the rest of our readers :

G.G. Werbizky, Vestal, N.Y., U.S.A. A Bronnitsy Variety.
n ~ (i) I recently came across a new variety
Sof BRONNITSY, Chuchin No.3. The stamp was
\ i normally printed on white paper in two
colours: dark blue with a rose centre. In
f the variety, the rose centre is missing,
i ; as can be seen by comparison here. The
Normal stamp is at left and the variety
at right. The stamp is cancelled with an
Sq 1X"X" in ink, which seems to have been.the
case with many stamps of this issue. A
ruler must have been used to cancel
entire sheets since, in addition to single stamps, I have a block of
5x4 with this cancellation, diagonally across and through the middle of
the stamps. The variety reported here is not listed in either the
Chuchin or Schmidt catalogues. A Miropol'e Bisect.
(ii) The postcard illustrated on the next page is almost a Zemstvo item.
It did originate from one of the many useful Zemstvo institutions. The
rubber stamp in the upper left corner on the front and back translates
as follows: "Zemstvo of the Kursk province / Office of the
Miropol'e Shoe Workshop of the Sudzha District Zemstvo / Miropol'e in
the Kursk province / No.". It was cancelled on 2.8.18 in Miropol'e and
was received on 10.9.18 in Belaya Sudzhanskaya, as evidenced by the
postmark at bottom left. Miropol'e is in the Ukraine, N.E. of Sumy;
Belaya Sudzhanskaya is in Russia, S.W. of Kursk. The two places are 50km.
(31 miles) apart on a straight-line basis. Note the bisected 10-kop Arms
stamp. Legitimate or not, it certainly saw postal use at that time. The






















m.e:ssae i t ee s ed-2p.19 Ms is t




2," "-.s o ab. e tt i o. s n (h .ete
"De.r ..-: paren ts ,
*I-ae:t' -o """a I am w -l but I am oe
:--N .i -C C..) r

a c pler at.. s dmer o e forgot o cn ge tha:e non h e o a c el s .
Yn %o Pavel.
.^ 2 c_ ": -3 ."- -'> >1 ,



message on the reverse side is dated 2 Sept.1918. My guess is that the

reasonable. The text is written in Russian, old spelling (the decree on
the new orthography was enacted on 10 Oct.1918) and it reads as follows:-
"Dear parents!
I am letting you know that I am well, but I am bored -
there is no one here whom I know and therefore I am fororced to take walks
alone please send me some money since I have none please do it soon.
Your son Pavel".
It should be noted that the message is one continuous sentence; no
punctuation marks and grammatically incorrect. Also, instead of HET for
no, the folksy form "HETYT is used. The handwriting is excellent and all
the letters are well formed. One may guess that the text was dictated
and that the son Pavel was illiterate. All in all, an interesting item.
EDITORIAL COMMENT: Your editor has seen at least one other such
bisected example emanating from Miropol'e during the same period and in
the same distinctive handwriting and has formed the opinion that such
items were made purely for philatelic purposes during the confusion
caused by the onset of the Civil War in 1918. The rate for an-internal
postcard was 5 kop. until 28 February 1918, when it was raised to
20 kop. That latter charge was valid until 15 September 1918, so the
card with the bisect was underpaid by 15 kop. Of course, one can surmise
that offices in the countryside were still applying the old rates.





Pages
78-79
Missing
From
Original









THE COLLECTORS CORNER

DEAR COLLECTORS:
Are you still missing that elusive item in your
collection or philatelic library; do you have some .
duplicate material that you would like to trade or
sell ? We can publicise your want-list and/or your
duplicates for the most reasonable rate of 250 / line
(minimum of $1.00 payment; maximum insertion of 16
lines), excluding name and address. Unless otherwise 7
stated, all the catalogue numbers quoted are from Scott.
Ads from collectors only will be accepted. Dealers are
invited to respond.
NOTE: The Society disclaims all responsibility for any
misunderstandings that may result between exchanging parties.
FOR a biography of my father, the bass singer Alexander Kipnis (1891-1978)
I would appreciate hearing from anyone who has letters, manuscripts,
reminiscences and anecdotes, as well as any rare historic photographs.
IGOR KIPNIS, 20 Drummer Lane, West Redding, Connecticut 06896, U.S.S.

WANTED: Soviet Georgian covers 1924-c.1945. Please send covers or xeroxes
with asking price to:
Dr.P.A. MICHALOVE, 307 S. McKinley, Champaign, Illinois 61821, U.S.A.

WANTED: The 1920 Kharkiv (Khar'kov) & 1922 Kylv (Kiev) postmaster
provisional issues: select singles,multiples,usage on cover or cards.
Willing to purchase or trade for same. Write or phone (312) 685-4348.
PETER BYLEN, P.O. Box 7193, Westchester, Illinois 60154, U.S.A.

WANTED TO BUY: Copies of "The Russian Philatelist" and "The Russian-
American Philatelist". Send your asking price to
JOHN BODNAR, 81 Euston Terrace, West Croydon, S.A., 5008, Australia.

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2. Equivalent payment of the above amounts in Romanian
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