Title: Research 101 : researching and using source materials
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076712/00001
 Material Information
Title: Research 101 : researching and using source materials
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Taylor, Laurie
Publication Date: 2007
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076712
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Full Text

Research 101: Researching and Using Online Materials

Research 101: Researching and Using Online Materials

Internet searches, like those using Google, are great for many types of research. Internet
searches, however, cannot yet search and return all of the information already available online.
Learning how to conduct research is a process of learning all of the many search tools
available-online searches, specialized computer searches through paid database subscriptions,
and other searches for specific information or for more information on how to search.

Search Engine Basics

Online search engines like Google are called "search engines" because they have many
component parts that power the overall search. Some of these parts operate by checking for the
number of times a search word or phrase is used, the type of site where the site is used
(educational, commercial), the type of search being done (a Froogle product search or general
Google or MSN or Yahoo search), and more. While search engines continue to improve, they still
cannot yet index all of the materials that are online. Sometimes this is because the online
materials are too many layers deep or their web addresses are not what the search engines
expect, or for one of many other reasons. Often, material embedded within other large
collections-like those in digital libraries-is not fully included in search engines.


Researching involves many steps, including repeated online searching. For instance, the
Ephemeral Cities project includes maps and other materials related to the Tampa area across
time. In Google Maps, users can see the Tampa area as it looks now.

Searching for Ybor City in any major search engine will return current and historical information
on Ybor City as well as maps for Ybor City. However, simple searches for Ybor City do not return
historical maps. For some research projects, the material available through a commercial search
engine alone is enough. Most academic research projects, however, require more information.

For a research project on Ybor City to investigate the history of the city, land use, its relationship
with Tampa, or many others, more data would be necessary. Researchers could add additional
phrases to their web search to find additional sources. For instance, a researcher could rely on
existing knowledge-say the researcher knew that Sanborn Insurance Maps were widely used
across the United States and offered detailed maps of cities over time-the researcher could
search for "Ybor City" and "Sanborn Insurance Maps" or "Ybor City" and Sanborn. Depending on
the search engine being used and the keywords or phrases used, this would likely return a
number of links from news sources and libraries like the University of Florida's Digital Collection
of Sanborn Maps. Even though the search engine may give information about libraries in relation
to the Sanborn Maps, the search engine links may or may not lead users directly into the full

In order to find materials within the larger collections housed at each library, users may need to
check within the individual library collections. For instance, to see the Sanborn Maps within the
University of Florida's Digital Collections, users might need to go into the Digital Collections:

The main page for the Digital Collection lists the Sanborn Collection:

Research 101: Researching and Using Online Materials

Going into the Sanborn Collection has a link to "Select Subcollections." Clicking that link takes
users to the Ephemeral Cities Project. While users may find this through a search engine, they
may not. The Ephemeral Cities Project enhances the interface for the Sanborn maps, but
Ephemeral Cities alone may or may not be as relevant based on the search terms and search
engine used. Exploring the Digital Collections directly leads to many items that would be much
more difficult to find through a regular online search.

Online Searching in New Ways

Using the Ephemeral Cities project, choose to search using the map and click on Hillsborough
County to get to Ybor City and Tampa.

Clicking on Hillsborough County brings up a new page on the full county with a list of maps and
information about those maps.

HilIsborough County
Estab1shed: 1834
Ei-rp.ql, NareB sib te Will Hill. VisonMHail stworjgI. onE Enljan
MIpjr Cnr.ns P~l .rf f. Tampa, Tuirr1le Tirec a

There are 12 ap sets lor thns area Sort by Ca v

Plran Cly
Plardni H. n it...>u ph Ci iurl FIlGidI, 19C9 [ vsual indpx I lful caiior ]
Plard C i, H.isruC Ih -'i, 'jnl, FlIOIda 191 [ isuIl itndest I R ill crlln ]
PNrai C ap Mii, t..iu.)h nr.,,17 Flonidi, 1919 [ uriua inda I| full ct iionr ]
Tampa HIIbt..-- .i *'urA., Frorda, 1922 Supplemnrlal vWlume [ visual indes I ~ cll daon ]
TaI-p. r.ibc.-j r.:aiu i Fronda, I1M [ AiJil -rd I| lull t1ati0O n |
Tmrr Hii[i.; ,, ii..i u .1 Fi .-jI 1 7 [viual index I full citabin
TAn.p. .d H u"r '. *:.i, s..:.l u 'g .ur.1, Froa s. 1 9S I vIIual ind I Illl ctatin I
Ta.T .. jand rn, .:,Y MIlio ;.:cur.aq Fio-,r 16.?; I lst ll ndel I ullr t at I
Tampa. Miclding .*. Ta.p r..Fe Br,. j .r I b:,Ib [.ra, g." :.u .t f Fon Ma. 1 B15 Iisual m I a l full citaI
TaRI.p .r.liJ..g Wei1 Tampa, Tboh C4y. r Poe r pr ':.i and jrui t0rn.9A FlIA.. i1% 189 [ suall ndli I full
Elailln I
Tamps, iladClikg Ybor City, West T"ma, Port Tampa C(iy and Pot Tampa, ~dmsorough CouLty, Flonida i
sua.l ind x I lull crtaton I
T r.p. H.iib-.-..hh LuroM Fronla, 19151 isuil inde0 l I lul citation I

Research 101: Researching and Using Online Materials

Now, clicking on any of the visual index links brings up a map that links to other more detailed
maps of the area for that year. For instance, clicking on the Tampa and Ybor City 1889 visual
index brings up a large map of the entire area.

E"j L L- V1
Ik bL

6W -1. y- Aj

Using the visual index, clicking on particular areas brings up the more detailed maps.

The more detailed maps can be very useful to see how the area has changed over time. Users
familiar with the general landscape of Tampa and Ybor City can simply zoom in on the areas and
see how the areas were. They can then compare that information with what they already know or
they can use a tool like Google Maps as a way to compare the areas.

Library Catalog
Search This Collection
Search All Collections
Related Map Sets
Full Citation
All Map Sheets
Features L
VfStreets )
Visual Index
Zoomable Image
Map Image

Those less familiar with the area, like those who are not sure about
the general layout of the roadways and those who might not know
particular reference points, can also search through the features and
streets views for the maps. These index views are available from the
links on the left and link to pages like the one in the image on the
next page for the street index.

The street index online includes the full index of all streets on the
maps for that year, from Adams to Zack.

Research 101: Researching and Using Online Materials

Title: Tampa, including West Tampa, Ybor City, Port Tampa City and Port Tampa, Florida, 1899

Index of Stleets

Armina Avenue


Gladstone Alley

Bay, E
Bay, E

at West Tampa 25
at West Tampa 27
at West Tampa 28



Searching through the old maps of Tampa and Ybor City, choose one street, building, or
particular structure on the map (a railroad line or a park perhaps) and try to find
information about that street using a general search engine.
Then, search for the maps of that street within Ephemeral Cities.
Then, make a list of other Digital Libraries to search. This could include Digital Libraries
for universities (like the University of South Florida, University of Central Florida,
University of Miami, Florida International University, University of Florida, and others),
public libraries (what public libraries are in the local area?), historical preservation
initiatives like those from the Library of Congress or related to state or local groups (like
PALMM, www.palmm.fcla.edu), and others. Try searching for "Digital Libraries" and
"Digital Collections" in a regular search engine like Google to find more places to search
Using this list, find any Digital Collections and search for information about Tampa and
Ybor City.

Research 101: Researching and Using Online Materials


Write a short essay (1-2 pages) describing your search process and what you learned. Make sure
to answer the following questions.

What did you find in searching through Ephemeral Cities and other Library and Digital
Did most of the information come up when you searched using a general search engine?
What did and what didn't?
By knowing more about how search engines work, will you change any of your search
methods? Will you use quotes more often? Directories? More words and/or phrases?
Different types of terms?
For any research projects, where and how else you might now search online in new

Points to Think About

What isn't online? Think of a list of general topics and items that aren't likely to be online.
Of the information or materials not online, what most needs to be online? Health,
historical, educational, political?
Read about folksonomies and ontologies. Using these and other tools, how can users
help share more information and make sure it can be found?
In terms of what is and is not online, how could those objects could be contextualized or
organized to better aid discovery and usability?
What makes a good search engine user? Why?

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