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 International travel grants: perspectives...
 Outreach: rebuilding what war has...
 People in the news
 Outreach and cooperative progr...
 Internationalizing extension
 International education opport...














Title: International focus
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Title: International focus
Series Title: International focus
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2008
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Volume ID: VID00014
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    International travel grants: perspectives on water
        Page 2
    Outreach: rebuilding what war has torn apart
        Page 3
    People in the news
        Page 4
    Outreach and cooperative programs
        Page 5
    Internationalizing extension
        Page 6
    International education opportunities
        Page 7
        Page 8
Full Text


December 2008


December 2008

International




Focus


Vol. 19, No. 3


IJTf UNIVERSITY of
UF FLORIDA
IFAS

Spotlight on IFAS Worldwide


UF/IFAS International Programs Office of the Senior Vice President for Agriculture & Natural Resources Gainesville, Florida


FROM THE B, Davi Sammons
DIRECTOR Director

"Our International Programs
Advisory Team a link to all of IFAS"
I in often jsked questions ;tbout the scope of our \oilk inl
IFAS Inlern;ll on:il Pio,2iml ;in d i in\ ;tiis\\ is al\ a\ s
dileci and clei \\e ,are here for \ou1 Our role is Io pro-
\ ide support. faciliulion. ;nd lealderlshp for all inicinai-
tioinl Jcinl ies acioClss lie '\ hole of IF AS in the conie\l
of ill of our mission :iies
\\e di\ ide oi li i11i ll al noI IleK iclcli- e l -il i iue inSSiion.
tlK icrs.rci and disco\c mi inSSion. and tell E\Cllinsoni
and oultcach niussioni scckini 1o dcil'inc and stippon
nilcrnalional pio.glin .fon ll throuihouil \\ -'c IfoIl.luic
to lia\ lich suppoi of an ad\ iSsoi coniniclllc appoll nid
b\ the \ Ice Presidentl s \\ e acconplilsh our 1\oik
Thai ad\N isot colnimlcc. kiio\\ n a IP.AT o0 the Ihnci-
InaIlona 1 Pltot'ins Ad\ is.Io Team mieelIs lquarrl\ lto
disciius and ld\ isc Ilus office on out \\lork Nlcinbies rep-
icscn c\ Ct) depanlnclu \\ ilhin IFAS and include caiu-
pus-based faculh. count i -lbascd facuili\. s.iiudcnl and
Sccicnusis i1 illc Rscairch and Ediicllon CcnIcrs i RECsi
jcros11 he aice land dcIoss all sniu.ion1 i llas Touhlinr, 22
inucmbei. IP.AT is a coniptilcnsi\ c voicee foit ou and ja
ad\ocaic for inlernailional efforts here in IFAS
I \\ rile od;i\ in lcthe aflerlo\\ of another \ception:ifl
iiieeinii of IPAT Ia meeiiniiw di look place tIls imorninii2
DLuine iuial ncieetiii \\we de'll 111i cl\ el Ilune1 from dec el-
oping an action plan for iniplenienialion of on Stiratlici
Plan to scllniiw Liidelines for the Inlernllional Fello\\ and
Inlleinill;llon l .Acluc\ enicni .a\\;ids \we prescnel ;cli \N e;i
\\c sp-.ni tiinc talkinl- about Tlcl A\\lads llic IFAS IP
Spinn \\'oikshop and blcuci publicill of nc\\ fundiniw
opportniiiitii \\ c discussed omi \\ ebic and IS conienli
In suini \ c co cicrd much li 'tound dur in oLi IllIcc-hli111
incclunl icncIaictld a nliiinc of L'ood idcJs and intdc
dcci.ions ticL ildinl, iil Iiei lcd b\ illiS office
I encour;i.%e oMi to \ isil our web sule Io lejrn the name of
\onLi Lil replesenuiit e on IPAT if \ onL do not kIno\\ \\ ho
lial person is IUse IulL person Ja:I condLil Io our office if
lieie a;re issues or concerns lili \ O I \ isli to biiL to OLi
attentiion Our 2oal is to be as linisp;areni as possible inI
all luih \\e do As I said t tlie sull of Itis column. \\e jre
hiee for \ou **' Contact: David Sammons,
sammons@ufl.edu


UF/IFAS Extension

Explores Crop Protection

Partnerships with China
Regardless of where a farm exists on the globe, one thing is certain:
the farmer in charge of it needs crop protection help to combat agricul-
tural pests and diseases. Pests and diseases don't stay put in the
modem world, either; they are transferred from one nation to another,
either through natural movement or through shipments of products.
Under such conditions, international partnerships become important in
providing crop protection information to farmers. If a pest invades a
new region, experts accustomed to dealing with it can give identifica-
tion assistance and management advice to the region being invaded.
Because concerns over food security, food safety, and agricultural trade
continue to increase, there is a need to build partnerships for training,
early detection, and accurate diagnosis of pests, plant diseases, and in-
vasive species.
That's why UF/IFAS extension has begun exploring crop protection
partnerships with China, a major U.S. trading partner. A team of five
UF/IFAS extension faculty, headed by Dr. Pete Vergot, the Extension
District Director for the Northwest District, visited the People's Repub-
lic of China as a part of a USDA Foreign Agricultural Service scientific
exchange program. The trip was an excellent professional development
experience for the UF/IFAS faculty and will benefit Florida's extension
programs through exposure to new ideas and information and the
potential for shared monitoring of the spread of pests and diseases.
The Florida team met many Chinese colleagues and presented to them
several UF/IFAS Extension programs and the UF/IFAS Distance Diag-
nostic Information System (DDIS), which Florida's extension faculty
use to identify agricultural pests and diseases. A system like DDIS has
the potential to protect agriculture through early detection and can be
implemented in different nations through the International Plant Diag-
nostic Network (IPDN).
The Florida team learned that crop protection is an important issue in
China's agriculture. The Chinese have established county and regional
crop protection stations and each county assigns extension agents to
work in the area of crop protection. The UF/IFAS faculty found it very
interesting to discover that several of the Chinese institutions they vis-
ited have a program similar to DDIS, such as the Jiangsu Agricultural
Pest Information System. They also learned that China's extension
system-unlike Florida's-is under the Ministry of Agriculture and
various levels of the local government.
The UF/IFAS faculty had a busy schedule, visiting Chinese agricultural
institutions. They met with colleagues at the National Agro-Tech Ex-
tension & Service Center (NATESC), which provides Cont. p. 5


Telephone: 352-392-1965 FAX: 352-392-7127 Website: http://international.ifas.ufl.edu
Visit the e-version for complete stories and even more International Focus news! http://international.ifas.ufl.edu/focus_newsletters





International Travel Grants:


Perspectives on Water


UF/IFAS Water Resource

Professor Seeks

Collaborative Water Use

Programs with India
Water resource issues are of global concern, as shown by the
recent activities of Gurpal Toor, Ph.D., a soil and water quality
specialist and assistant professor at the UF/IFAS Gulf Coast
Research and Education Center in Balm, Florida. Toor
traveled to India and France in August and September 2008 on
a modest UF/IFAS International Programs travel grant to ad-
dress global water issues and seek collaborative opportunities.
Toor is very aware of water resource issues in India, in
particular, due to his background as a graduate of the Punjab
Agricultural University (PAU), located in Ludhiana, India.
Upon arrival in Ludhiana, Toor held discussions with the Vice-
Chancellor of PAU, Dr. Manjit S. Kang, about future collabo-
rations.
While at PAU, Toor presented a seminar to faculty in PAU's
Farmers' Service Centre, entitled "Are we running out of water
on the blue planet?" The seminar was organized by the Indian
Society of Soil Science (Ludhiana Chapter). Toor pointed out
that there is a lot of water available in our world, but that not
all of it is available for human consumption.
In India, 95% of available water is used for agriculture, while
only 2% is available for human use. The other major user of
water is industry. In addition to the water use percentages,
there are also human health and safety issues to consider.
Worldwide, 1.2 billion people don't have safe drinking water
and 2.6 billion people lack adequate sanitation facilities.
Dr. Toor also visited with the members of the Punjab Farmers


Connecting Extension with

Indonesia's Sea Programs
Charlotte County extension faculty Elizabeth Staugler used a
modest International Programs travel grant to cultivate
professional relationships with the Indonesian Sea Partnership
Program (ISPP), Indonesia's counterpart to the United States'
National Sea Grant Extension program.
She went to Indonesia as part of a team led by Mike Spranger,
Ph.D., Associate Dean for Environment and Natural Resource
Programs in Florida Sea Grant, a partnership program among
the Florida Board of Education, the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration, and Florida's citizens, industries
and governments. The other team members were Dr. Christina
Simoniello, Education and Outreach Coordinator for the Gulf
of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System; and Ms. Karen
Blyler, Marine Education Coordinator, UF/IFAS 4-H and
Youth Development Office.
Staugler provided reciprocal learning and educational experi-
ence with ISPP and gave a seminar at the 4th annual U.S.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Indone-
sian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Educational
Capacity Building Workshop held in Densapar, Indonesia.


Gurpal Toor, center,
receives a plaque from tne
Indian Society of Soil
Science, after Toor pre-
sented the seminar "Are
We Running Out of Water
on the Blue Planet?"
organized by the Society E
Ludhiana Chapter.

Commission, an agricultural research wing of the Punjab
Government that provides funding to PAU and other researchers to
conduct research on agricultural issues.
After his meetings and seminar, Toor left India for Montpellier,
France, where he attended the 13f International Water Resources
Association (IWRA) World Water Congress. During the
Congress, Toor conducted a seminar titled "Managing Nutrients in
the Environment to Improve Soil and Water Quality."
After returning to Gulf Coast REC, Dr. Toor looks forward to col-
laborative research with PAU scientists. He is expecting to host a
PAU soil scientist in his lab for three months in early 2009. The
PAU scientist is fully funded by the Punjab Agricultural University
and the Punjab Farmers Commission. **
CONTACT: Gurpal Toor, gstoor@ufl.edu
,- Mike Spranger led a
Sr -- Florida Extension
/ team that presented
seminars in
..- Indonesia during a
joint U.S. and
Indonesian capacity
building workshop on
programs related to
the sea, coastal
A waters, and coastal
ESdevelopment
issues. Left, Indone-
sian fisherman
returns with catch.
Staugler's seminar, titled "Dissemination of science-based informa-
tion into local communities," gave examples of working with local
advisory committees and local partnerships with fishermen and city
and county planning officials to use scientific data and information
to resolve local coastal problems.
She also gave examples of how extension work can identify stake-
holder and end-user needs and help inform the products produced in
programs such as RANET (RAdio and InterNET for the Collection
of Hydro-Meteorological Information for Rural Development).
While in Indonesia, Staugler also visited administrators and staff at
the Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (IMMAF)
in Jakarta and shared information and expertise from the Florida
Sea Grant Extension programs with ISPP faculty, with IMMAF
staff, and with Ministry of Education and other officials.
Staugler toured the Indonesian countryside, learning about marine
and coastal issues and exploring areas of mutual concern, such as
ocean and coastal hazards, aquaculture/fisheries and tropical marine
ecology; oceanography and climate research; marine pollution; ma-
rine policy and legal research; and marine education. Staugler ex-
plored the possibilities of developing a "sister school" relationship
between UF and various Indonesian universities that may lead to
future joint teaching, research, and extension opportunities.
CONTACT: Betty Staugler,
Elizabeth.Staugler@charlottefl.com


2 (See 2 Indonesian stories on the web! Visit http://international.ifas.ufl.edu/focus_newsletters/december2008) December 2008





Outreach: Rebuilding What War Has Torn Apart...

Afghanistan's Agriculture Needs Help


Ismael Haiderzadah, the Director of the Department of Agriculture for
Herat Province, Afghanistan, visited UF's campus for two days in
September 2008, seeking help to rebuild Afghanistan's agricultural
industry after 30 years of devastating warfare. Haiderzadah is a highly
ranked government official, serving as Herat Province's equivalent of
Charles Bronson, Florida's Commissioner of Agriculture and Con-
sumer Services. Haiderzadah supervises a staff of more than 80 scien-
tists covering a wide variety of agricultural disciplines.
During his visit, Haiderzadah met with UF/IFAS administrators and
faculty from multiple departments. He toured several important UF/
IFAS facilities, including the dairy farm at Hague, the aquaculture
ponds north of Gainesville, the Plant Science Research and Education
Facility at Pine Acres in Marion County, and the meat processing cen-
ter and the food science pilot lab, both on campus.
While meeting with senior UF/IFAS administrators and faculty, the
director shared the state of agriculture in his country. He said that
Afghanistan is capable of exporting food and used to do so. At pre-
sent, Afghanistan must import 50% of its food, despite the natural
resources that would permit it to export food, instead. But the invasion
by the former Soviet Union, the warfare that ensued as Afghani tribes
fought to drive the invaders out, the bitter fighting between warring
factions within Afghanistan after the Soviets retreated, the devastating
effect of the Taliban's take-over of the country, and the current fight-
ing have contributed to the country's plunge into agricultural chaos.
For example, a once-thriving poultry industry has been completely
destroyed, leaving only scattered farm-yard birds rather than commer-
cial poultry farms. The destruction has forced Afghanistan to import
birds and eggs, which have introduced new diseases that have done
great damage to the domestic birds that still exist on individual farms.
Afghanistan's provincial departments of agriculture, including Direc-
tor Haiderzadah's, do not have the research capability to combat the
new diseases, because that capacity was destroyed, also.
Director Haiderzadah also discussed his department's work to destroy
the opium poppy fields established by the Taliban as a source of in-
come. He said one good way to replace the poppy fields and generate


a high-enough income to induce the farmers to stop growing the drug-
producing crop is to grow valuable spice crops, instead. The best way
to destroy the poppy fields would be to provide to farmers the agro-
inputs they need, such as fertilizers, and help them reach the markets
for their agricultural products, to help them improve their livelihood
by themselves.
He discussed Herat Province's success with growing high-value crops
such as saffron, which is worth $2,000 a kilo, and other cash crops
such as sesame seeds and other spices. Afghanistan needs assistance
to institute this strategy on a wide scale.
Haiderzadah has instituted a wheat breeding program to develop bet-
ter cultivars in an attempt to improve quality and yield of Herat Prov-
ince's wheat fields. He said his country has great need for better seed,
access to affordable fertilizers, and assistance with disease and pest
control.
As Director of Agriculture for his province, however, Haiderzadah's
main concern is training for his staff of scientists. Through the Prior-
ity Reconstruction Reform process, his department hired 65 faculty
from the younger generation who graduated with university degrees
and replaced the lower-educated, older staff members. However, the
new scientists need masters degree education and training in new
technology in order to rehabilitate Afghanistan. In addition, the edu-
cational infrastructure also suffered tremendous losses during the
wars. Prior to the Taliban years, Haiderzadah taught agriculture in the
once-common agricultural high schools, but he was forbidden to teach
during the Taliban's reign.
Haiderzadah's distress over the destruction of so much of his coun-
try's resources, whether agricultural or human resources, runs deep.
So does his commitment to rebuilding those resources. But he needs
help. To get involved, contact Haiderzadah directly. For information
about how to establish a cooperative project with Afghanistan's Herat
Province, contact David Sammons, Director of UF/IFAS International
Programs. *: CONTACT:
Ismael Haiderzadah, agro_dpt.herat@yahoo.com
or David Sammons, sammons@ufl.edu


Rebuilding Iraq's Agriculture
Jonjiihan Grcsscl dclprlint' Arincululiial Couinsiloi U S Emlbassi
Bauhidad. 'a\ ci a smmn r on dic LIF campus in No\ nbcri 2111 1S.
dlialiir,' li U S -Iraqi joinl iffons to rebuild Iaq s agncuiiturc
Accoidin, 10 Grtsscl. dunir, theil- 1'ii s and I.'Ii s Iiaq luhad J \cn
plodut iic n NC a~'iiltl s.cior iand \\ is 11)n poi an 11.\poilt-i of Lain.1
and dati The Uinn\cisili of Ba.li'dad' '-'lnciliuil Colle.-c \\Jas
1:no110\ ld as aI I'IOI Ion ICal i lrc and lduclion cc~ lnI
Afici the BalJihlsSi sei/cd po\\t in lhe carl\ I' )r dis lihs\ m llcd a
ccniilall planned :gricilniil s% sienl \\ Inch llIilted imcCniles io
finniers and distorend prices for aiiii input Iand outpuits Fion Iir(
to 1', S. thc Iihn-Iraq w\\a led to ihl dcstiimcion of alluabkl familand
anid JtIrclulitirl infiiiniciure. as \\ell aS bcinnin a1- I pauier of nlk-
lcci and dis\insilic inn in the sccior Inericnuiioil Saniilions imposed
filci ihe fIus Gulf \\ i in '11l and Saddian Hussein's di crsion of
Iaq s miIled icsoumces to \\,lr-fl'lniig caipabill.
icsultd in funlicr diinsim eSinlc in thc sector and ncileci of atincul-
iutl sciences E clnsionI bccaic a milleans of social coniiol
Biut the reco\ en eflotls issociie \\ ill ihe cuiiini UL S ciiaen,2eincil in
Ir:iq is iiaill\ brniing sonie icli'l for Ir;anl Iaid-lul. loiw-suifferiim
farnncis The U S presence in liaq li:s allotted USD.\ [o l)t10 people


in place \\ ho re \r orkiin \\ illi [lie Ir;ni Lo\ ernincni and fIrnners to
rebuild lhaq s sluiiered nariiicullui l production capacity As Agri-
cullural C'ounsclor Gressel ledI LSDA s I; Lest o\ erseas leiin of
Aneiicans \\illi o\er 111 speci;lisls and ad\ iscrs The LISDA leaiin
lhas \\oiked o resiniuclure and inoderni/c liaqs .aigrcuLliluIa buic:aic-
rni :is \\ell :s icsiore .A-gnicIllural Emlnsion o 10 its plopel ole
USDA Pro\ incial Rcconsiluction Tcdll ,d\ Isci' de\ clol)cpd Pio\ in-
cIl .A tniculiural .Ad isor\ Councils ikil consist of Plo\ incial Minls-
in of .nAnculluitc dnd Nl inin 1 of \\ucic Rcsouices oTfficus. Pio-
\ incial Council .A-iulltuic Conuoiikc lc inkb 'rs. and larnl assocla-
iionl ledcls Thel plo\ idc c\ i socici\ inpiui to I:rli and Coaliiion
,ant'illitre decision mnakcrs ricglrdidn! agL'nciilliiul )ro'ecis and plo-
_iatis UISD.- is assisin.i luqi sciinlisis and officials to upda.i
illih kinol\\e Icdi;:ind skills ihlroitLli tl' Cocliaii; ind Borlji.i Fcllo\\-
slup Pio2ilins
As a ti;th c lk nln.Liluliiurl ;'tcor iemplo\ s o\ r 25".. of th lboi
force aind is ilic second lar,'e-si conibinbuo to 10 ,lq's rio doinicsic
produce aficr tlik oil s ecoi Thli U S o erninniii's lon,' trimi o;al of
Issistinllu Ii-gI Ini\ ol s dlc\ clopin a compcilii\'c susutiilablc niui-
kcl-dtncn ji u'nculiul scaioi \\ hile also coniributiinu in lhc shorl-iiin
1o scciun\ nlid siubillli Ili nitdl ir-aS : CONTACT: Jonathan
Gressel, Gressel@fas.usda.gov


See the Web Versions of both stories at: http://international.ifas.ufl.edu/focus_newsletters/december2008


Focus





People in the News


Check out the web version of the Fulbright article for more information!
http://international.ifas.ufl.edu/focus_newsletters/december2008


IFAS International

Alumnus Receives_

UF Distinguished

Alumnus Award
The Ui nn eilli o Flornda has icco-nii/ed
iiiucn0ma110o111il ,ltmIullLls Claudio Paduna \\llh It
Dislini'ushied .Alumnus A\,ird Pidui
ea ind his NlA Ii Latin Am ncrica Studies
and his PhD in \\ ildlifc Ecolo-\ and Conse-i-
dllon
Padti lus earned an iinernllUiolil repuitionld
for ihe bioad scope of lus \\orkl. ul nclh i'wes
froin local to ilcntl iall olill in Is iocn 1'i field
of biodi clrslll conslcni aon He is onel of
B lI/ils I l diil iacdc lnlu
In 2 '1112 lie ;and lus \\ife Dr Stl/Jia Pa;id ;i.
\\ 11o is also a LiF Lr:idtile. floni the Ccntci
foi LaIIII An ICIICan Sludics. \\eic selectc d ;is
one of p1lani cjarti s .Coinsieilion Heroes
b\ Time uiIc NTainc
C audio Patdua ir ccni ,d Ie UI Inciil, of"
Florida s ()iiustldindu Alunnllis miN\ d diurin'l
lKh 2111"S SpI'n l Collc' of AuricultuILI and





BIuII;I *" CONTACT: Emilio Bruna,
embrunaL@ufl.edu

,/,. /,lt] .'* t I t' tl l l ..H l.t 'll l I 'l,.lltll '
. lI' ll. L I


Natalia Peres

Conducts Plant

Pathology

Workshop in Italy
Natalia Peres, winner of the 2007 UF/IFAS
International Achievement Award, spent a
week in Italy during August 2008, conducting
a plant pathology workshop on diseases that
have a devastating effect on many of the
world's most economically important fruit
crops.
Peres, together with Dr. L.W. 'Pete' Timmer
from the UF/IFAS Citrus Research and Edu-
cation Center, organized the entire workshop,
which was titled "Pre-Congress Workshop on
"Colletotrichum Diseases of Fruit Crops."
Their workshop, conducted prior to the Inter-
national Congress of Plant Pathology (ICPP)


UF/IFAS Fulbright

Scholar Produces

Biodiversity

Course
Dr. Mark Hostetler, a faculty member of
the UF/IFAS Department of Wildlife
Ecology and Conservation, returned to
UF/IFAS this summer after a year-long
sabbatical in New Zealand.
He spent that time at Landcare Research
as a Fulbright Scholar, where he put
together a continuing education course
on conserving and/or restoring biodiver-
sity in urban and rural communities.
Hostetler worked closely with Dr. Colin
Meurk and other members of Land-
care's Low Impact Urban Design and
Development Team (LIUDD). They
worked jointly to produce a 125 page
resource manual, a 3-hour PowerPoint
presentation, and a facilitated group
exercise for course participants. The
course was developed for built-
environment professionals, landowners,
policymakers, and planners. It
addressed specific strategies for New
Zealand's biodiversity conservation in
urban and rural communities.
Hostetler's group worked with Nelson
City Council to pilot test the course,
which was presented to 30 built-
environment professionals on July 2,
2008. From this pilot, Hostetler revised
the course, produced an evaluation
meeting, was attended by approximately
40 investigators from many different
countries.
Invited speakers gave talks during the
workshop, coming from Costa Rica, Is-
rael, New Zealand, Spain, and the United
States, including Arkansas, California,
Florida, North Carolina, and New Jersey.
Additionally, there were 12 contributed
posters and short presentations by experts
from Belgium, England, Norway, and
Australia. Peres organized the production
of a book with summaries of all talks and
abstracts of the posters, as well as a CD
with all PowerPoints presented.
The booklet and CD were distributed to
all participants and will be made available
to others interested in the subject, but who
were not able to attend the workshop.
After the workshop, Peres attended the
general International Congress of Plant


report, and suggested several strategies on
how the biodiversity course could be
offered to a wider audience in the Nelson
region and in different regions throughout
New Zealand.
Feedback from course participants indi-
cated that they enjoyed the course but men-
tioned that current policies sometimes act
as barriers, preventing the uptake of biodi-
versity design and management strategies
outlined in the course. Hostetler is
currently working with New Zealand
colleagues to offer the course in other
regions, hoping to combine the course with
a facilitated workshop where stakeholders
help devise policies that encourage the
uptake of biodiversity practices.
The entire course has been packaged on a
CD so facilitators in any region can run the
course for councils and other interested
groups. The CD contains the 125-page
manual, the PowerPoint presentation with
facilitator notes, the group exercise, and
the evaluation report from Nelson with
strategies on how to run the course in other
regions.4* CONTACT: Mark Hostetler,
hostetm@ufl.edu
Pathology (ICPP) meeting, attended by
approximately 1,800 plant pathologists from
all over the world. Peres says the Congress
was an excellent opportunity to interact with
colleagues from across the globe.
Peres is recognized as a world authority on
plant diseases caused by the fungus Colleto-
trichum, which affects economically valu-
able fruit and vegetable crops, allowing her
to raise the profile of UF/IFAS in the global
arena. Peres is located at the UF/IFAS Gulf
Coast Research and Education Center, in
Balm, Florida.-** CONTACT: Natalia
Peresnpereseufl.edu


rdul LIUpIIJdILl III d CUIILcfLULIIIIUIII
diseases of fruit croos workshop in Italy.


4 December 2008


Mark
Hostetler in
New Zealand:
His crew
measures a
native totara
tree on part
of a private
reserve that
has under-
gone a
restoration
program.





Outreach and Cooperative Programs...


China DDIS, from p. 1 Uganda's Coffee
eclinicjli lcdcL.ilup foi Cm eI Ccnision Industry Seeks Help
Ssicmle. Mnd kIarnld Iil its ilnin piogrmis
,Ic l ciop protetion. i animal lusb.baid. from UF/IFAS
S1jIqujcullute. 4- fjningi mIcnhmeI ,nd 5a
4oLnoIIIiC mjI nci' i The Uganda Coffee Development Authority,
which represents Uganda's coffee produc-
The Florida iteam lso tendedd imeetin[Sg l t tion industry, sought help from UF/IFAS
the Infornullion Cenctl and Crop Pioiecnton experts in producing a training program to
C eniel 1 thie (C Inese .Aca;dell\ o A2iletl- produce organic coffee that would meet
lur:Il Science S (CA.AS I. tlie ALnicullur:l U.S. organic certification requirements. The
Dcmionisra ion C entie in GInGilwdoni. %\ I- project was initiated through a Memoran-
ons I).iin pIoIe LIon lai c nclcs and ee\CIInlon dum of Understanding (MOU) between UF/
ofliccs at ith coIunt nlmulcpal. and pio\ in- IFAS and Uganda's Makarere University,
cial Ic el in Jluilt.mi and Guani2donIU pIo\ via the MOU's faculty manager, Peter
inccs. and llucc tliil e-lleieis Cliin Ariciil- Nkedi-Kizza.
tiuil Uin\ei sil\ Naniini A. ncLiilliiral
Un e rsl, mind Souih Cimna A.,rciiiiII'.l The UF/IFAS International Programs
ULinn crs, In ddilonll, icl i, .imecnded office responded to the request by putting
Chi nS Si\,m N.itlonal A.nc-uitlitiml E\)o together the Uganda Organic Coffee Certifi-
cation Capacity Building Initiative. This
Through these ineeticcgs. the LiF IFAS Ctei initiative includes a team that consists of
L;aincd firsi-l-nd kno\\ ledice of Cln0111.1 e\- both UF/IFAS faculty and Ugandan part-
elnsion s\ sicnl. proiaiis. ind ilnfoinill n ners. The UF/IFAS team consists of:
[echnolog i ITi plo.Icis Cliii. C emenisioin David Sammons, International Programs
s' stcn usies th c Intrntc. mobile plhoine. T\. Director;
nd dcnonsiiaiOn eonte'i s t lic j)nm, Peter Nkedi-Kizza, faculty in the UF/
incns 10 dcli ci infoiniion to larircis. Nit IFAS Soil and Water Science department;
also 1uses 1 s. nc papers nd \ill maps Marilyn "Mickie" Swisher, faculty in the
The couinilic \ isiled no\\ hlIa e hi lic speed Family, Youth and Community Sciences
Internet connections- to all firmeiis. Ihllinks to (FYCS) department;
mn dricliultaIIl pol ic of ltc C lines Lpo ern- Marti Dettman-Kruse, Program Coordina-
neilt More and nore fInners use e Intel- tor for the UF/IFAS International
net to seek niaikei inifoiimaion and Io locale Programs Office; and
kno\\ ledLe on 1:fii1 iiinii.eiinieniilt : Juan Carlos Rodriguez, a graduate student
CONTACT: Pete Vergot, in FYCS, working under Mickie Swisher.
pvergot@ ufl.edu
See the eb rn or the complete str The Ugandan members of the team include:
see the ebi .ers.On for the con-ipliee stor,i
http:'* international.ifas.ufl.edu. focus_newsletters' Mateete Bekunda, Dean, Faculty of
december2008 'ChinaExtension.shtml


Mickie Swisher,
David SaC mm:.:n..,n
and Peter Nkedi-
Kizza join the
Ugandan team
members in a
coffee taste test
in Uganda, as
part of a new
organic coffee
program.

Agriculture at Makerere University;
* Karoli Ssemogerere, attorney and coun-
selor at law, based in Washington, D.C.;
* Henry Ngabirano, managing director of the
Uganda Coffee Authority; and
* Vincent Ssembatya, Dean, Faculty of Sci-
ence, Makerere University.
The full team, plus the Honorable Bright
Rwamirama, Uganda's Minister of Animal
Industry, met on the UF campus in January
2008, laying the groundwork. Then in May
2008, Sammons, Nkedi-Kizza, Swisher, and
Rodriguez traveled to Uganda to review the
coffee production industry. They visited the
Sipi coffee area in Eastern Uganda; Northern
Uganda's Lira Coffee Nurseries; reviewed
the organic farmers of the Nebbi district; and
then traveled to Southern Uganda to study
the Robusta Coffee area.
Following that trip, the UF/IFAS portion of
the team created a training program that
builds Uganda coffee growers' ability to
meet organic certification standards. In Octo-
ber 2008, Swisher, Nkedi-Kizza, and Rodri-
guez returned to Uganda to administer the
completed training program, with great suc-
cess.** CONTACT: Mickie Swisher,
mesw@ufl.edu or Peter Nkedi-Kizza,
kizza@ufl.edu


UF/IFAS Moves to Establish Cooperative Programs in China


A high-level delegation from UF/IFAS trav-
eled to the People's Republic of China in
October 2008 to discuss opportunities for
student and faculty exchanges and coopera-
tive research programs with Zhejiang Univer-
sity (ZJU) in Hangzhou, China. ZJU is one of
the leading comprehensive universities in
China. Its location in an eastern region of
China, similar to Florida in geography and
climate, makes it an especially appropriate
partner for UF/IFAS.
The delegation, led by Dr. Mark McLellan,
UF/IFAS Dean for Research, and Dr. David
Sammons, UF/IFAS International Programs
Director, met with a multitude of academic
leaders at ZJU to discuss mutual educational
and research priorities and to seek opportuni-
ties for partnership linked to these priorities.
The delegation also included Drs. Steve


Sargent, post-harvest technology specialist in
the Horticultural Sciences department; Dan
Cantliffe, chair of the Horticultural Sciences
Department; Dorota Haman, chair of Agri-
cultural and Biological Engineering; and Xin
Zhao, assistant professor of Horticultural
Sciences.
While at ZJU, the delegation was joined by
Dr.Chonghua Zhang, who serves as the Uni-
versity of Florida/IFAS representative/liaison
in China.
After the meetings at ZJU, the delegation
split and four members (Zhao, Cantliffe,
Sargent, and Haman) traveled to Beijing for
similar meetings at the Beijing Academy of
Agriculture and Forestry Sciences and at the
China Agricultural University. Drs.
Sammons and McLellan traveled to Shang-
hai, where McLellan participated in an inter-


national food science meeting and
Sammons visited Shanghai Normal Uni-
versity, with whom UF/IFAS is cooperat-
ing on an
urban forestry project.
The delegation continues to meet periodi-
cally to work on follow-up efforts result-
ing from the travel. It appears that oppor-
tunities are emerging for student and fac-
ulty exchange as well as hosting graduate
students from the visited institutions.

Scien t,,,t, ,
front uF/
[ F' ando
china ork
.:,n jo.nt
project
ideas.


5 (See the web version at: http://international.ifas.ufI.edu/focus_newsletters/december2008/ChinaExchanges.shtml)


Focus





Internationalizing Extension...
A homeowner
UF/IFAS Extension Faculty class (left)
taught by UF/
IFAS Extension
Teach in Costa Rica faculty Linda
P, S l faculty Linda
Seals, gathers
Seven pioneering UF/IFAS county extension faculty completed their in the garden
mission to assist in Internationalizing Extension for UF/IFAS. Alex they planted.
Bolques, Dan Culbert (program leader), Larry Halsey, Adrian The garden
Hunsberger, Henry Mayer, David Marshall, Linda Seals, and team was one
leader Dr. Pete Vergot, partnered with faculty and staff at EARTH project from
the seven-
University in Costa Rica for the first non-formal extension training week series of
program to be sponsored jointly by the two institutions. extension
The two-track training series of sessions was titled "Master of courses taught
by UF/IFAS
Gardens" and "Gardeners of Costa Rica." Members of the Costa faculty.
Rican Extension system participated from the Ministry of Agriculture.
The project took place at EARTH University's new LaFlor Campus
near the Pacific Coast. The region is experiencing rapid growth in in the cla.. taught r, Da. d
tourism and development, similar to Florida. Stresses of growth, lars.hall, .'tudent.E. E.tuo, t ie
decreased water quality and quantity, and possible misuse of horticul- D-asics of lanE.-capin, i left I
tural practices now impact the local economy and environment. .De:fore going out to plant
landscaping palmni. anjd otrer
The county faculty provided informal training for 47 landscapers, plant.. In the field, I beil ; ,).
ornamental producers and homeowners interested in gardening train-
ing and experiences. Two concurrent seven-week multidisciplinary
educational programs were presented from January through March of
2008. The county faculty each spent two weeks at LaFlor preparing
and presenting these two concurrent training tracks.
Florida extension agents rotated in and out each week for program
continuity, developed course materials, and taught lessons in Spanish
or translated to Spanish. The "Master of Gardens" program was
designed for nursery and landscape professionals. A "Gardeners of
Costa Rica" course focused on homeowners and ecotourism person-
nel. The international program provided an international experience
for county faculty to broaden their knowledge of different cultures
and environments.
Graduation photos of the two
The faculty involved developed teaching materials that will be used groups: Master of Gardens,
for Spanish-speaking audiences here in Florida. Follow-up activities above (professional land.-caper.- I,
including enhancement of a website are on-going. See the site at: and Gardeners of Costa Rca,
http://laflor.ifas.ufl.edu.o.CONTACT: Pete Vergot, right (homeowners and ecot.our-
pvergot@ufl.edu UNIVERSITY sm personnel). OtherE. LIn -
UF FLORIDi taught were: Alex Bclque., CDan
Culbert, Larry Halsey, oran .
IFAS Hiinchornor R Hanr\, Il....r


UF/IFAS Alumna Blanca "Nelly" Canteros
Presents Citrus Research in China
Dr. Blanca I. "Nelly" Canteros, a 1990 Ph.D.-graduate of UF, traveled
to China in November 2008 to present two oral papers and two
research posters at the 11th International Citrus Congress, held in
Wuhan, Hubei, China. She then toured China's citriculture farms as
part of a scientific tour held after the Congress.
Some of Canteros' papers focused on different aspects of citrus
canker and the citrus canker pathogen, as well as on dalan dan, a
grapefruit-like citrus variety that is highly resistant to citrus canker.
Other papers detailed the molecular and pathogenic characterization
of the bacterium that causes citrus canker and aspects of the ecology
of the disease in Argentina.
More than 300 researchers and citrus growers from all over the world
and more than 1000 Chinese scientists participated in the congress
and in the pre- and post-congress scientific tours. These tours gave


participants an opportunity to observe the characteristics of Chinese
citriculture. Most groves are located on very steep terraces. The field
trips also showed tour participants the fast development currently
taking place in Southeast China.
The most important topic presented during the Congress and the topic
that interested most of the participants was the occurrence and the
current expansion of the Huang Long Bing disease (citrus greening)
and the spread of the disease's insect vector. Citrus greening occurs in
several regions of the world, including United States and Brazil. The
disease is present in parts of China, but it is still absent in Canteros'
native Argentina. 4CONTACT: Blanca "Nelly" Canteros,
bca ntero@correo.inta.gov.ar
CORRECTION: The editor of FOCUS wishes to make the following
corrections. In the September 2008 issue of International FOCUS, Dr.
Canteros was mistakenly listed as having graduated from the National
University of the Northeast in Argentina (NUNA) in 1997. She gradu-
ated in 1977. We also need to list her correct e-mail address, which is:
bcantero@correo.inta.gov.ar. We apologize for the errors.


... and an International Alumna in China


December 2008





International Educational Opportunities: Innovation in Learning


Collaborative *

Education in

the Tropics
Good leaclulln plroLilals Cn ll\ oh e 0t of
uinc\pected places. suich as collbodll\n n11-
clnirtilOIll IresJcli T ihat i ilthe csc \\ till J
pro, ,ianti led bN Rafael MiNiio/-Cirpela oil
fcuIll ill tih LiF IFAS .Aicriclliull and Blo-
loical Enlinceiini (ABE dCepuimlent l h-
cuell Dukes. also of ABE hclpcd icile and
Illunlc the in\\l pioiranlls The hliae\ bull
l\\o related Cl lllll p)ro i 1lls floi ll 011 11 51
source, cilnllllii ii'2ll ll i cia ie;I i\ .e .nd effec-
Il\e' proilln x\\ ill Icl cling' ICsea;ieli. llnd
E\elIeniorn conlpo nenit Foi ;i coniplele IIs of
piojeci supporters. please see the w\eb sion
Nitllo/-CJpeUll sa1d ilte.01111 plOlEaIllt !'i'l\
oll of his 0\\ n1 collLiboliall 1i~ IsedlCil \ 111
colleaIiusc at EARTH lini\eisil\ IEscuiel de
.AL!trcilill de LU ReilonI Tropical Hu niledl
bei.nninei inll 1991 0-\ei tli e \cars. lie col-
laboraited x\ il ; \ ;rine of f;.inIll\ ;aid sitn-
deins in dilffrent projects
Dunn ri' lihes projects Nluno/-C(arpciu .ilnd
lus collcleucs at EARTH identified lunlquel
opporullniiies foi suiiidens fioni ULF and
EA RTH to partliipci iii collboluli c
iceSdilc ,aind tra,1inui

UF/IFAS Students

Conduct Joint

Tropical Research
David Kaplan and Mary Shedd became the
first two UF graduate students to participate
in a new collaborative program created by
Rafael Muioz-Carpena, between UF/IFAS
and EARTH University in Costa Rica (see
article above).
DAVID KAPLAN
David Kaplan's research and training pro-
gram focused on the environmental role of
wetlands. He mentored Faelen Tais Kolln, a
Brazilian student who did her third-year un-
dergraduate internship at UF.
Kolln assisted Kaplan with data collection
and analysis on the Loxahatchee River in
Florida, where they investigated the impacts
of saltwater intrusion on a freshwater bald
cypress swamp.
She also worked on a mini-project to develop
a soil-specific calibration to measure soil
moisture in organic soils. Finally, they
developed her graduation project proposal: a
wetland hydrology and tracer study.


EARTH s success ici illcuiirl someli of 1th
bcsl SltudeillS Il Latin Aincria-ajd Imore
receI-n Afrcna-me-ni ll iI ;1 peicenmleL of
lliesei suidell o \\ would \\,nl tl ,ll end eradtiu-
,iec school l el\ here I E ARTH cuIliillh lus
n1o l'udLuaie piroranisi EARTH also
IcqllIC.s off-cdmpl usl.CI llneshps fo 101' c.Ir
suidc iis
Nhilo/-Ca'rpclti .l\\ iin opportniiil to
iliractl those s.tldcens to LIF IFAS. \\ lilc
also bciiefiliiiiin EARTH. Cost RicL. and
lhe uliliions \\l herc he slidenlls \\ ill e\ clii-
:ill\ worlk aflcr coiiipletinmg their cduiclloii
Also NhItllo/-Ciprln,i stucceiedei d Il puilIitL
111 place the need d sIIICIirec to bnlii
EARTH students to UF lor ihc ii i nitlslhip)
In I2il1. UIF irece\ ed one sitidien of lhe fnI.l
batch of sILdents placed b\ EARTH ;il acia-
deniIlllc IllsiliIliol I fo ll ll Il iiierlisll)s
Nl'io/-CJrpeii amid BniEc Selu ffer on
fictilN t11 LIF IFAS Tiopicil Rcsaiclah nd
Edticliion Centeri in Honi-Sieid closed Itlli
fn-ll sion-erni-t scholii at LIF foi Ih 211111
fall s re.iSci
His pio',111 'lICe\\ ntilil Ino\\ i Ililllbel of
stldei.lls floin EARTH ;iliend LIF rcularl.
ais pIll of :ia ell-eslblishied Collec of AL!-
riiulliul ;and Life Sciences I(CALSi slioll-
lernt scholil piograin


Kaplan spent six weeks in Costa Rica early in
the summer of 2008, implementing the project
with Kolln. Together they investigated the
hydrology of a five hectare natural, tropical
wetland located on EARTH's campus, meas-
uring rainfall and water levels and releasing
and tracking tracers.
The goals of Kaplan and Kolln's project were
two-fold: (1) to better understand how water
levels, water storage, and water flow out of
the wetland respond with rainfall and change
over wet and dry seasons; and (2) to use the
tracer study to describe chemical transport
through the wetland, which is of vital impor-
tance to the wetland's ability to improve water
quality.
MARY SHEDD
Mary Shedd worked with EARTH under-
graduate Maria Isabel Zamora on an irrigation
project measuring golf course irrigation uni-
formity in an effort to improve irrigation effi-
ciency. The golf course irrigation project was
conducted in the province of Guanacaste, an
area of Costa Rica with two distinct sea-
sons: dry and rainy.
During the rainy season, irrigation is typically
not needed to maintain turfgrass qual-
ity. However, during the dry season there is


\\ hlll lie \pe\pnenile \\s \cl posill e.
NIluIno/-Cllpend f Ilt 11di lie coul d nuke 1111 more
\l aluablc bN\ Inlcdilnl i iF students
His ne\\ concept panlls nl E.ARTH undideinr;dn-
aie \\ ilh j UiF LTridiuate -ludciin on his or her
itse '.i li pIoj. c in lli fi ll seI ''sle isce .l icle
belo\\ i The UF stlden ii.iiins the EARTH
student iln tools iind cchlniiiquc- sUlil;ble for
dlpplicllionl Il l topic.l .IsIbropic ll rel2ioniS
The c\chhlic continueIs \\ li en lic students
develop a smiull joint resc.rcli project proposal
duLnin the spinm semesier. -siitLble to s;Ilisf
EARTH s Gladualion Project RecqliiciUenls
and the UIF Lra;dlua;e sludenlt' icsealell lopic
Part of EARTHs niission in the leIsion iS the
E\liensioni of ler.iich riresults locll\ ilhioii11

rI.esccli plopos,ll is ilielefore impliemenied in
the field ihe follow Illu s$ lllll' d tnilln J Ictlllil
i\ I of thli UF LirIdiath e Stlidenlit ilnd factil li to
Cos.L RIica
Ra.ifal Nlunio/-C(iplc i and lichiael DuLkes
isucce ssfIii lls lnclied hie inex progri n in
21111 Tlie fiti Lioup of -ludenis completed
successful field piolecis dunnri su-tiinir 2111 i
A second colioll of EARTH students is enr-
rill\1 Iln CGjines\ ille *'CONTACT: Rafael
Munioz-Carpena, carpena@ufl.edu 'See the
web story at: hllp://internalional.ilas.ull.edu/
locus_newslellers/december2008/
EducationTropics.shtml
virtually no rainfall, so irrigation is required.
More efficient irrigation practices on large
irrigated areas such as golf courses can help
reduce demand for water during the dry
periods. The goal of the research was to
assess the uniformity of irrigation on a golf
course in the Guanacaste region and use the
information collected to develop a more
effective irrigation schedule.
The tests can reveal problem areas in an irri-
gation system. Problems arise from poorly
designed irrigation or damaged irrigation
parts that need repair. Once superintendents
know where the problem areas are, they can
make needed repairs and schedule irrigation
appropriately for each zone of the irrigation
system.
EARTH STUDENTS
The two EARTH students were required, as
part of their internships, to conduct extension
work in Costa Rica based on the work they
performed during their internships at UF.
Kolln and Zamora participated in several
extension workshops and demonstrations that
Dr. Michael Dukes of UF/IFAS organized on
the topic of water conservation in urban
irrigation. CONTACT: Rafael Muiioz-Carpena,
carpena@ufl.edu or David Kaplan, dkaplan@ufl.edu or
Mary Shedd, mlshedd@ufl.edu


7 Student Collaborative Research in Central America Focus





Office of International Programs
University of Florida
Office of the Senior Vice President for Agriculture
and Natural Resources
P.O. Box 110282
Gainesville, FL 32611-0282
http://international.ifas.ufl.edu/focus_newsletters
(352) 392-1965

Editor
Linda Evans
Communications
Coordinator
evanslin@ufl.edu
Executive Editor
Don Poucher
Assistant Vice President
info@ifas.ufl.edu
International
Programs Personnel
David Sammons
Director, International
Programs
sammons@ufl.edu
Walter Bowen
Associate Director,
International Programs
wbowen@ufl.edu
Florence Sergile
Faculty Coordinator,
Haiti Project
fsergile@ufl.edu
Marti Dettman-Kruse
Program Coordinator
martidk@ufl.edu
Kaye Bough
Accountant
kbough@ufl.edu

Florida Group Studies Citrus P
A key regulatory issue for Florida's citrus to the Europe
industry is to manage citrus canker (a for pre-select
bacterial disease) and to ship no fresh cankerous fru
fruit with citrus canker lesions. Now that visited a citru
canker is established in Florida, with little Obispo Color
chance of eradicating it, the Florida citrus and a canker
industry needs help in finding ways to Ritenour's ex
manage this fruit-blemishing and tree- which provide
damaging disease. opportunity fi
Because citrus canker is a common been pivotal i
problem in Argentina, the citrus industry change in the
in that nation has developed management The travel im
procedures to minimize its effects. information
For that reason, Mark Ritenour, Associate postharvest p
Professor with the UF/IFAS Indian River tina's and Flo
Research and Education Center, traveled citrus grower
to Argentina as part of a group of UF/ Through this
IFAS faculty and Florida citrus industry demonstrate t
representatives. Jim Graham, of the UF/ resentatives h
IFAS Citrus REC, organized the trip. and lemon gr
The Florida group investigated production asymptomatic
and postharvest practices in multiple Ar- areas of Arge
gentinean grapefruit and lemon orchards important ma
and studied a grapefruit grove operation Because citru
demonstrating windbreaks. They visited Florida, the U
a number of packinghouses, including a Florida's citn
grapefruit packinghouse for fruit exported long-term coi


UNIVERSITY of
UFFLORIDA

IFAS


'ost-Harvest Procedures in Argentina


an Union, a packinghouse
ion of unblemished fruit, so
it isn't shipped out, and they
s nursery. They also visited
nbres Experimental Station
chemical control trial.
perience co-leading the tour,
ed an important educational
or key industry leaders, has
n positioning him to promote
industry.
proved the exchange of
scientific, production, and
practices) between Argen-
rida's scientists and fresh
s/shippers.
trip, UF/IFAS was able to
o Florida citrus industry rep-
low Argentinean grapefruit
powers and packers produce
fruit in endemic canker
ntina for export to EU, an
rket for fresh Florida citrus.
s canker is now endemic in
universityy of Florida and
us industry are making a
nmitment to competitively


adapt to the new challenges.
During the trip, the industry leaders
expressed great interest in repeating such
a tour to other fresh citrus producing
regions of the world. Ritenour, who
helped put the Argentinean information
into context for industry leaders during
the trip, also brought back ideas for
improving Florida postharvest handling
practices in relation to canker.
The information from Argentina is very
beneficial for Florida. The most impor-
tant component of Ritenour's extension
and research program is developing "best
postharvest practices" for handling fresh
citrus fruit. Issues relating to the complete
exclusion of fruit with canker lesions are
currently the most pressing ones for Flor-
ida's fresh citrus industry.
Ritenour has met with the Florida Citrus
Packers Association, which serves as his
statewide advisory group. They have
expressed interest in participating in a
similar trip to a different country, broad-
ening the focus to include new cultivars
and handling and production systems.:
CONTACT: Mark Ritenour,
ritenour@ufl.edu


8 Visit the web for full versions of articles! http://international.ifas.ufl.edu/focusnewsletters


Focus




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