Group Title: International focus
Title: International focus. Vol. 16. No. 9.
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: International focus. Vol. 16. No. 9.
Series Title: International focus
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publication Date: October 2005
Subject: University of Florida.   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076678
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida

Full Text

October 2005 Vol. 16, No. 9



,i"l "*1

Where UF/IFAS travels the globe!

UF/IFAS International Programs Office of the Vice President for Agriculture & Natui

Florida 32611

i ra~ ? "

From the director
Borlaug .- ..
Scholars &
International # ,

By Roger Natzke

Director Search
F first a big "Thanks!" to all of you
who have participated in the
Interviews of candidates for the
Director of International Programs
position. Four interviews have been
completed. Please be sure to forward
your evaluation forms to the commit-
tee. We are very fortunate to have a
group of highly qualified candidates
looking at this position.
UF/IFAS Hosts Seven Borlaug
IFAS is currently hosting seven
female scientists from West Africa
under the Borlaug Fellows program.
The Fellows arrived from five differ-
ent countries. Cameroon, Nigeria.
Ghana. Senegal, and Burkina Faso
and have interests in Soils. Animal
Sciences. Agriculture Education and
Communication. Family Youth and
Community Sciences. Plant Pathol-
ogy. and Horticultural Sciences. They
will be here for one month during
which they are matched with a UF
faculty member who has expertise
that matches that of the Fellow. We'll
share more about the Fellows in next
month's newsletter
UF/IFAS 2005 International
Fellows Named
IFAS is blessed with a large number
See 2005, p. 2

Taming Hydrilla
UF/IFAS Research
Scientists Search for Bio-
Control Insects in East Africa
n Florida. it's a nightmare plant.
H\ drilla is one of the most perni-
cious and costly aquatic weeds in the
state. costing taxpay ers $12-$15
million a year to control. Introduced
into Florida through the aquarium
trade. hydrilla thrives in Florida's
warm. shallow. nutrient-rich lakes
and ri\ ers.
New strains of hvdrilla are resistant
to the most popular, least expensi e
hydrilla herbicide in Florida, fluri-
done. The only existing bio-control of
hydrilla is the grass carp. which must
be restocked, can be used onl\ in
closed aquatic systems, and feeds on
all aquatic vegetation. Without new
and effective control methods for
hydrilla within the next three to i\ e
\ears. control costs w ill soar and
hydrilla will choke major portions of
Florida's lakes and waterways.
Enter James Cuda and Bill O\ erholt.
from the UF/IFAS Entomology and
Nematology department and the UF/
IFAS Indian River REC. respectively.
Aware that other scientists are
searching in Asia for bio-control
insects. the\ turned their sights on
East Africa. the only place in the
world \ here hydrilla is kept in
balance with the rest of the ecos\ stem
in which it appears. This suggests the
existence of natural predators of
hl drilla there.
Armed with this information and

l e n Kenya,
Cuda and African scientists raising insects found
in hydrilla. They may yield a bio-control agent.
funding support from the Florida
Department of En\ ironmental Protec-
tion. Cuda and Overholt spent a two-
week search for h\drilla in Kenya,
Burundi. and Uganda. They photo-
graphed hidrilla samples in
museums, met w ith a multitude of
go ernment officials and African
research scientists to discuss collabo-
rative research. and found hydrilla at
several sites. most of them along the
shores of Lake Tangan\ ika and Lake
K oga.
The team collected hydrilla samples
w wherever the\ discovered it, placing
specimens in plastic buckets covered
w ith mosquito netting to capture
emerging insect herbivores
O\er the next t\o da\s. the research-
ers collected two weevil species and
several immature and adult midges.
See hydrilla p. 2
A Blossoming Relationship: trade
mission to South Africa
Preserving Orchids: frozen seedbank
The Heart of Russia: Sarasota CED
travels to Vladimir, Russia
SAnimal Nutrition Expert Lectures in
UF International Educator of the Year
Gender, Environment, Agriculture,
and Participation (GEAP) program

Telephone: 352 392-1965 FAX: 352 392-7127 Website:
Visit the e-version for complete stories and even more International Focus news!

October 2005

Vol. 16, No. 9



A Blossoming 9
UF/IFAS joins
trade mission to South
South Africa Africa
W agner V'endrame. a faculty
member and tropical flowers
expert housed at the UF/IFAS Tropi-
cal REC (TREC) in Homestead, \%as
invited to join the South Africa Flori-
culture/Horticulture Trade Mission
led bN the Southern United States
Trade Association (SUSTA) and the
Florida Department of Agriculture
and Consumer Services (FDACS).
The goal of the ten -day trade mission
was to establish contact \ ith South
African ornamental growers to dis-
cuss exporting tropical ornamentals
from Florida to South Africa.
Vendrame. an orchid specialist, show -
cased UF/IFAS research in ornamental
horticulture. including orchid produc-
tion and general horticulture. South
African growers are eager to learn
about Florida's s ide range of orna-
mental products suitable for their cli-
mate and the lucrati\ e South African
market. Several South African grow -
ers \will \ isit Florida next year to tour
TREC, nurseries, and attend the
Tropical Plant IndustrN Exhibit in Ft.
Lauderdale. :*contact:
Wagner Vendrame,

creating a
frozen seedbank

The globe-trotting Wagni
Vendrame. also travel
Domingo, the capital city of
minican Republic. from Octo
to present a poster at the 51-
american Society for Tropica
ture (ISTH) annual meeting.

Hydrilla from p. 1
They placed these insects in
and brought them back to F
examination by taxonomic
Based on the t\\o-w\eek trip
results. O0erholt and Cuda
approach funding agencies
for additional support to co
searching for natural enemi
hidrilla in eastern Africa. 1
siasm of highly motivated a
enced African scientists for
ti\ e research \ ith UF/IFAS
greatl\ enhance the chance
host-specific. effective natui
enemies of h\ drilla. one of
economically and environn
damaging invasive aquatic
Florida.'. Contact: Bill Ove


International Fellows 2005 from page 1: of highly qualified faculty members who have dedicated a significant
amount of their time to collaborative research projects and to increasing the International awareness of our
students. They truly contribute to the globalization of the university, which benefits our students, our faculty, our
citizens, and the world. It is therefore fitting that a system designed to recognize those achievements is now in place.
Faculty members who are identified for their outstanding global efforts are recognized annually as IFAS International
Fellows. P.K. Nair and James Jones were our first two designees last year. This year we add the names of Susan
Jacobson, Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, and Daniel Cantliffe, Horticultural Sciences. This year's Fellows were also
nominated for the University International Educator of the Year Award.
The University added a second competition this year by including a non-tenured or newly tenured faculty International
Educator Award. While IFAS has not developed a similar award, our committee selected two nominees for the Univer-
sity competition. Dr. Daniel Zarin, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, and Dr. Emilio Bruna, Wildlife Ecology
and Conservation, were this year's IFAS nominees. For the results of that award competition, see International Educator
of the Year Award, page 3. Win, lose or draw we are very proud of what our nominees have done in International
We also wish to recognize those people who went through the effort of collecting all of the relevant information and
nominating faculty members for these awards. Many thanks..:. Read more about the 2005 International Fellows online!
Roger Natzke is senior associate dean and director of UF/IFAS International Programs
2 Focus


poster detailed his lab's research on
i cryopreservation of orchid seeds. Ven-
"i' drame's research is aimed at preserving
rare and endangered orchids. Ven-
Republic drame is creating a method to freeze
orchid seeds indefinitely thus creating
er a frozen seedbank. He tested a popular
d to Santo orchid cultivar of commercial interest.
he Do- "We have tested seed viability after
iber 8.15"'-
ber 8-1"* freezing to make sure seeds survi\ ed
n and germinated after submitted to cryo-
S cul- preservation," Vendrame said. He suc-
he ceeded in germinating more than a fifth
of the orchid seeds (22'o) after keeping
them frozen at -196 C for two weeks
alc The key to success is the pre-freezing
lorida for
S treatment. using a dessicating agent and
experts. lo\\ temperatures in a process called
s positive vitrificationn." Dr ing and pre-cooling
will the seeds eliminated the damage that
in Florida would otherwise have occurred
itinue Vitrification is a perfect alternative for
es of
es the conservation of orchid seeds be-
[he enlhu-
ie enu- cause it is quick, simple, reliable, and
ind experi- low-cost. Vendrane said the technique
collabora- is promising and that his lab intends to
\ ill
il continue experiments in this area. It has
of finding great potential for conser ation of
al endangered orchid species and for
he most commercially valuable orchid breeding.
mentally Florida's annual orchid sales total more
plants in than $23 million.Contact: Wagner
rholt, Vendrame,
See the web for the full article with photos'

The Heart
of Russia


A new partnership Vladimir,
between the Univer- Russia
sity of Florida. UF/IFAS. and the Sara-
sota Sister Cities Association Program
provided the opportunity to establish a
working relationship with Vladimir
State University (VSUI in the "heart of
Caroln, Gregov. the UF/IFAS Sarasota
County Extension Director, and Lori
Pennington-Gray. Director of the UF
Center for Tourism Research & Devel-
opment, accepted an invitation to join
City of Sarasota Commissioner Lou
Ann Palmer, Montessori School Princi-
pal Kym Elder, and Vladimir Sister
Cities Director Laura Flesch on a week-
long visit to Vladimir. ancient capital
of Russia.
The \ isit % as designed to strengthen
the eleven-year-old Sister Cities rela-
tionship between Sarasota and Vladi-
mir. "Having a university partnership
with our Sister Cities program would
be a dream come true for me." said
Sister Cities Director Flesch.
CarolI n Gregov established that part-
nership while in Vladimir. working
w ith L udmila Tikhovna Sushko.a,

scientist wins Brazil
UF International
Educator of the Year
Emilio Bruna, Ph.D., with UF/IFAS
Wildlife Ecology and Conserva-
tion and the Center for Latin American
Studies, won the prestigious and com-
petitive UF International Educator of
the Year Award for untenured or
newly tenured faculty. This new
award, open to faculty throughout UF,
has been added to the UF International
Educator of the Year award. It serves
as an outstanding reflection of the
quality of Bruna's internationally
acclaimed research in Latin America's

General Manager of International
Department, as well as other faculty
and administrators, through three days
of meetings. The delegation also
brought back 21 potential projects for
the consideration of UF faculty and
others interested in collaborative \ ork
in Russia (To inquire. see e-mail below.)
Yuri Fedorov. Chief of International
Relations and Tourism in Vladimir.
said. "The American \ isit this year
brought our Sister Cities relationship
to a new partnership level, one of
working together on long-term
Gregov distributed donated UF/IFAS
materials to various Sister City hosts.
She presented a CD packed with Sara-
sota Count\ 's landfill engineering
plans: handed out on water conserx a-
tion and environmental education col-
oring books donated by Betty Alpaugh
of the UFIFAS Florida House: distrib-
uted photo journals from Keith Wilson,
-I-H Youth Agent for Youth Program-
ming: ga\e out L1F'IFAS pins. IMPACT
Magazines. and copies of several other
publications donated by Ashley Wood
at UF/IFAS Communication Services,
and a webcam donated by UFq/FAS
Information Technologies Acting Di-
rector Dan Cromer and Allan Pither of
UF's Computer Networking Ser' ices.
The Sarasota Sister-City delegates not
only traveled to the "heart of Russia.'
the,\ \ere welcomed into the hearts of
their Russian hosts. Contact: Carolyn

largest and most complex ecosystems.
Bruna's work provides essential infor-
mation on the structure, function,
conservation, and management of the
lowland rain forests of the Amazon
and the tropical savannahs known as
The Cerrado. His research on these two
ecologically-critical and seriously
threatened biomes has helped solidify
UF's reputation as one of the premier
institutions in the world to study
ecology and conservation of tropical
ecosystems.**: Contact: Emilio Bruna,

UF/IFAS animal
nutrition expert
lectures in
Ecuador Ecuador
ee McDowell, an animal nutrition
expert on the faculty of the UF/
IFAS animal sciences department, was
invited to present three major talks,
two wholly in Spanish, at the recent
Second Latin American Symposium on
Animal Nutrition in the Tropics, held
in Quevedo, in Central Ecuador.
Twenty-five organizations, including
UF/IFAS, supported the conference. In
addition to McDowell, who repre-
sented the U.S., there were several
Ecuadorian speakers and presenters
from Mexico, Uruguay, Colombia,
Chile, and Peru.
Topics addressed included the use of
enzymes in the diets of ruminants and
monogastic (single-stomached) species;
standardizing nutritional laboratory
analyses; using alternative feeds for
livestock nutrition; using adequate
minerals and vitamins for livestock;
exportation of agricultural products;
and good agricultural practices leading
to quality products. Much of the infor-
mation came from UF/IFAS research
conducted in Ecuador since the 1970s,
involving animal science, agronomy,
soil and water sciences, and food and
resource economics. One program
studied tropical-region forages best
suited for grazing cattle.
Much of the research and production
information developed in Florida can
be applied throughout the tropical re-
gions of the world, thanks to Florida's
climate and its geographical location.
Likewise, some of the information gen-
erated in similar tropical areas outside
of Florida may have application within
our state, benefiting Florida's agricul-
tural industries and citizens. As a re-
sult, Florida's livestock industry is
well-positioned to serve as a major in-
ternational player in sharing valuable
information worldwide. + Contact:
Lee McDowell,

See the web for full articles at:

October 2005

Office of International Programs
University of Florida
Office of the Vice President for Agriculture
and Natural Resources
P.O. Box 110282
Gainesville, FL 32611-0282

International Focus
Linda Evans r,
Educational Media/ ... .
I International Focus
I Executive Editor
Don Poucher
Assistant Vice President
Programs Personnel
Roger Natzke
Senior Associate Dean
Iand Director,
I International Programs
SLisette Staal
Assistant Director,
International Programs
Betty Finn

Gender, Environment, known as t
Agriculture and Agriculture
Participation program Ecuar
(GEAP) seminars
Poats presei
S EAP sponsored several seminars and waters
in late October by three guest research for
speakers, including UF graduate mation tech
Susan Poats, Ph.D., a founding which is CG
member of the Corporaci6n Grupo
Randi Randi (CGRR), an NGO in oatsg
"toolbook" a
Quito, Ecuador.

Poats is an anthropologist with exten-
sive experience in international agri-
cultural and natural resource manage-
ment projects, particularly at the
community level. She has worked
throughout the world, most recently in
Latin America. She earned her Ph.D.
in anthropology at UF and returned to
UF to work in IFAS international
programs for several years.

During that time she was a founding
member of Women in Agricultural
Development Program at UF, currently

IlmeIL pruJec
tory techniq
was sponso
tural and bi'

Poats also p
Field Schoo.
Pest Manag
Study from
ern Ecuadol
IFAS entom

Fl I.i\

7rC 10 2n05

PO BOX 117001

he Gender, Environment,
and Participation program
e has lived and worked in
almost 15 years.
nted "Andean watersheds
led analysis: participatory
development using infor-
nology and toolbook,"
;RR's main area of work.
i demonstration about
nd the watershed manage-
t, emphasizing participa-
ues to define and manage
including a socio/cultural
The "toolbook" seminar
red by the UF/IFAS agricul-
ological engineering

resented "Using Farmer
Is to Learn about Integrated
ement in Beans: A Case
the Chota Valley in North-
r," sponsored by the UF/
ology and nematology
. Other speakers in the

seminar series were Hilary

Sims Feldstein, Ph.D., the Y V
Gender Working Group
Facilitator, Participatory qu
Research & Gender Analysis Ecuai
Program (PRGA) Consultative Group
of International Agricultural Research
(CGIAR), Dublin, New Hampshire
and Mary Hill Rojas, Ed.D. the
Director, Asian Region, Women in
Development Project Management
Unit, Chemonics International, Inc.,
Washington, D.C...
Marta Hartmann,

The "Everglades REC visits Costa Rica"
article has been delayed, due to serious
damage at the EREC from Hurricane
Wilma. The International FOCUS editors
and International Programs staff extend
our heartfelt wishes for recovery to the
many members of the UF/IFAS family hit
by this year's hurricanes, as well as the
many thousands of hurricane victims left
homeless, injured, and/or bereaved
throughout the U.S. and Caribbean
region. Our thoughts and hopes for
recovery are with you.

Visit the web for full versions of all articles! httpJ//



University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs