Group Title: Florida future farmer
Title: The Florida future farmer
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 Material Information
Title: The Florida future farmer
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Kissimmee Florida
Frequency: quarterly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agricultural education -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1938-
Numbering Peculiarities: Volumes for 1956-1957 both numbered v. 17.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076598
Volume ID: VID00133
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01405300

Full Text

THE

Ilortba uturet Jatmr
Published by the Florida Association, Future Farmers of America
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA
VOL. III JUNE, 1940 No. 3


EARL HAYNSWORTH
State President


SPECIAL
STATE
CONVENTION
EDITION







June, 1940


Vocational Agriculture Books
Officially adopted in Florida

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for your F.F. A. Library
THE GREEN HAND

by Chapman-An authoritative story of the early beginning and
the growth of the Future Farmers of America.

Earle G. Walker, Representative

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Atlanta Dallas New York Philadelphia


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THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


Pae 2









June, 1940 THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER Page 8


Teaching by Projects

By DR. J. W. NORMAN
Dean, College of Education, University of Florida
(Radio Transcript-WRUF, Series of Programs
sponsored by the Florida Association)


The Motto of the National Organization of
F.F.A. is:
"Learning to do
Doing to learn
Earning to live
Living to serve."
For many years I have been interested in the
project as a way of teaching and as a way of
living. I have even taught a course on the proj-
ect method. In this course I have always made it
a point to say that when a person is engaged
in a worthy project he is living on a high plane
and that the conditions for effective learning are
at their best. I would like, therefore, to discuss
briefly four words in the motto; namely, doing,
learning, living, serving. All these are realized
in a worthy project.
The agricultural teachers were the first, so
far as I can learn, to use the project as a means
to better teaching. It is my understanding that
this practice has continued down to the present
and that the various projects conducted by a
given Future Farmer provide the problems for
the major portion of his course of study in agri-
culture. If so he must learn to do a variety of
things, for his projects, of necessity, involve
many kinds of activities. What the boy does, to
his projects, however, is to me not nearly so sig-
nificant as what his projects do to him. He learns.
His character is shaped. His attitudes, his am-
bitions, his aspirations, and his outlook on life
are all changed and usually for the better.
There are some who think that no part of one's
education is half so valuable as these. So as he
learns to do whatever it is that he does he
learns from his doing. The two supplement
and reinforce each other. These in turn enable
the Future Farmer to live and to serve. This
gives a full and complete program for his devel-
opment of problems relating to agriculture but
is rather a definite piece of work in the con-
ducting of which ownership, correct business
methods, managerial ability, economic profit
and study are emphasized.
A self-directed activity is one which is chosen,
planned, executed, and finally judged by the
individual who conducts it. It is true that a boy
who conducts a series of projects will need sup-
ervision from the teacher, but at the same time,
the teacher must remember that the self-activity
of the student helps educate him. It is finally
the boy himself who should make the decisions.
If these decisions are wrong for the particular
situation, the teacher has the task of pointing
out the errors and suggesting additional facts
(Continued on Page 11)


PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE

By the power vested in me as President of the
Florida Association, Future Farmers of America,
I hereby issue a call for our Twelfth Annual
State Convention to meet at the University of
Florida, Gainesville, on May 28-30, 1940.
The year 1939-40 has truly been a great one
for the Florida Association, Future Farmers of
America. Wayne Poucher, Past Secretary of
the Florida Association, brought honor to him-
self and Florida by winning first place in the
National Future Farmer Public Speaking Con-
test at the Convention in Kansas City last Octo-
ber. Also at the National Convention the an-
nouncement was made that Florida's four
American Farmer degree candidates were
elected; the Tate Chapter, Gonzalez, received
honorable mention in the National Chapter Con-
test; and the Florida Association, F.F.A., ranked
fifth in the State Association Contest.
Also, in this fiscal year, our F.F.A. Poultry
Judging team from Florida won first place in the
judging contest at the Seventh World's Poultry
Congress held in Cleveland. Newton Metzger of
Hawthorn, one of the members of the team, was
the high ranking individual in the entire con-
test.
We are proud of the fact that each of the
117 active local chapters of the State Associa-
tion have this year submitted programs of work
(Continued on Page 11)


he ri a future Anner
I 'BLISHE)D THREE TIMES PER YEAR, FEBRUARY, JUNE AND
OCTOBER BY THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF FUTURE FARMERS
OF AMERICA, TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA
STATE OFFICERS 1939-40
President............Earl Haynsworth, Alachua Chapter
1st Vice-Pres.......Benny Driggers, Apopka Chapter
2nd Vice-Pres...........Billy Jones, Ft. Meade Chapter
3rd Vice-Pres........ Dan Beardsley, Pahokee Chapter
4th Vice-Pres.....E. A. Branton, Jr., Altha Chapter
5th Vice-Pres.....Hollis Rigby, Walnut Hill Chapter
6th Vice-Pres...Robert McDaniel, Columbia Chapter
Adviser...................J. F. Williams, Jr., Tallahassee
NATIONAL OFFICERS, 1940
President-Ivan H. Kindschi
Prairie du Sac, Wisconsin
First Vice-President-Billy Bryan
Forest City, Arkansas (Southern Regional)
Second Vice-President-Ervin Dennison
Austin, Minnesota (North Central Region)
Third Vice-President-Elmer Dennis
Moundsville, W. Virginia (North Atlantic Region)
Fourth Vice-President-Edgar Spiekerman
The Dalles, Oregon (Pacific Region)
Student Secretary-Kenneth Julian
Mesa, Arizona
National Adviser-J. A. Linke
Washington, D. C.
Executive Secretary-W. A. Ross
Washington, D. C.
National Treasurer-Henry C. Groseclose
Blacksburg, Virginia
Southern Regional Adviser-D. M. Clements
Washington, D. C.
Edited by the Collegiate Chapter, F. F. A.
E. W. Garris, Adviser. J. R. Butler, President,
Gainesville, Florida


June, 1940


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


Page 8












tpe JLwinSa Juture J^armcr


Published by the Florida Association, Future Farmers of America
TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA

VOL. III JUNE, 1940 No. 3


Officers, Florida Association, F. F. A., 1939-40


A Suggested Program for

Conserving and Utilizing the

Natural Resources of Our Farm

By DAN BEARDSLEY, Pahokee, Florida


In one of the richest farming areas
of the whole world, on the shores of
Lake Okeechobee, may be found our
farm of 438 acres. All of this land is
classified as muck, suitable for grow-
ing many different crops. We have
found, through several years of ex-
perimenting and research, that sugar
cane is the most profitable, truck
crops next.
Of this 438 acres of land all but
six acres is planted in some new crop
every year. On the land which is
planted in beans and tomatoes annu-
ally, we have, until the past few
years, let it grow up in weeds during
the summer and plowed under this
growth the next fall. This vegetation
helped the soil, but it was not enough,
so we started planting on some of the
land soil-building cover crops. The
results of this method were indeed
great and we have continued to plant
more land in cover crops every year.
This year we expect to put all the
land not planted in an annual crop in
some soil-conserving crop.
The 15 acres of citrus and avocado
trees are permanently covered with
grass to prevent leaching and the 80
acres in sugar cane is mulched with
approximately three tons per acre of


its own strippings. Supplementing the
natural elements of the soil with fer-
tilizer is practical on our farm. By
fertilizing, using cover crops, and
keeping the ground covered with
grass and mulch, we are trying to
keep the soil's fertility and improve
it if possible.
All of our land is utilized to the
best advantage, we think; but one
suggestion I would make concerning
the cover crops is to plant a crop that
will furnish feed for fattening live-
stock as well as help build up the soil.
Only six acres of our farm are in
permanent pasture. Of these six acres
at least one acre is planted in some
feed crop every year. The rest is
completely covered with grass, a soil-
building plant. The manure from the
stock helps very greatly in keeping
the soil from depleting. However, this
land, because it is so closely grazed,
could use some other fertilizer to help
build up the food material in the
grass. I would suggest broadcasting
some commercial fertilizer on the pas-
ture land to increase the tonnage of
grass.
Drainage was, until recently, one of
the biggest problems to cope with on
our farm. It is still a major item, but


it is less important than many others.
In the past few years we have ditched
practically all of our land, thus mak-
ing the control of excess water by
the Drainage District pump much
easier.
Another major factor in raising
crops on our farm is the use of irri-
gation. Until recently we had not
used irrigation to any extent. Now,
we have learned from data compiled
by the Everglades Experimental Sta-
tion, that muck soil will oxidize and
subside if the water table is not kept
at a height sufficient for the soil to
absorb all the water it needs. We
have a small reversible pump which
we use to help raise or lower the
water table. To completely control
the water during dry weather or
floods more pumps are necessary.
The only suggestion I would make is
to cross ditch certain fields and to
buy another pump so that the water
table could be more easily controlled.
It would have been rather impracti-
cal to preserve the carnivorous and
herbivorous wild life on our farm, for
land is too valuable to be used as a
refuge for wild life. However, one
valuable asset to our farm, or any
other farm, would be weed-seed-eat-
ing birds. We have planted many
shade and fruit trees in and around
our yard and are encouraging these
songsters to stay with us in every way
possible. A few years ago we at-
tempted to stock this farm with quail.
We freed four pair of quail and for
a while it seemed that they were
thriving well, but they finally disap-
peared. There are also some game
fowl that stay in a lagoon near our
house. This lagoon was made when
the dyke was built around Lake Okee-
chobee and it makes an ideal place for
ducks and coots to winter. We have
prohibited shooting of these fowls at
all times in order that they might
have some place to feed and be free
of hunters.
This lagoon also is an ideal place
for a fish pond. There are many
things which could be done to pro-
mote the breeding of fish in this pool.
First, the lagoon should be seined and
all non-edible fish removed. Next, an
adequate food supply should be made
available for the fish. Then some
fingerling bass and other useful
breeds of fish should be obtained and
placed in the lagoon for propagation.
By utilizing this pond we would as-
sure ourselves of plenty of sport and
good eating and would also preserve
our wild life.
There has always been a decided
lack of natural scenery on our farm
due to the many floods and hurri-
canes which have occurred in past










June, 1940 THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER Page 5


years. About the only plant that grows
is the hyacinth. This is a great hind-
rance to drainage and irrigation, and
to propagate it would be very im-
practical.
We have planted many trees and
shrubs which help to beautify our
home and farm. One suggestion I
would make concerning this beautifi-
cation program would be to remove
some of the more common plants and
shrubs and plant others that would
add beauty and rarity in their places.
Another suggestion would be to plant
water lilies and Egyptian lotus in the
lagoon. This would beautify im-
mensely this otherwise bare looking
place, and also help make a refuge
tor game fowl.
The Federal government has aided
us very greatly in paying us for plant-
ing cover crops. This aid which is
given us helps defray expenses for
planting these soil-building crops. I
think it would be possible to gain gov-
ernment aid in procuring fingerling
bass with which we could restock our
pond. The benefits derived from such
a program as the government has pro-
vided for us would be infinite.
By the use of cover crops, a better
drainage and irrigation system, the
restoration and encouragement of
wild life, beautification of the home
grounds, and the use of Federal aid,
I am convinced that this farm would
be more progressive and profitable
and a better place on which to live.
I am certain that these suggestions
could be carried out without inter-
fering with the regular farming pro-
gram.

Note: The above essay won first place
and a $30.00 cash prize for Dan Beardsley
in the Essay Contest "B," sponsored by the
Chilean Nitrate Educational Bureau, Inc.)



My Experience as
A Future Farmer
By BURT BREWTON
Tate Chapter, Gonzalez
I enrolled in vocational agriculture
in the Tate school in October, 1936.
Of the many subjects in high school
I find none that interests me more
than agriculture.
The first year my supervised prac-
tice work consisted of 1 brood sow, 3
acres of corn, and a dairy heifer. Dur-
ing the year my brood sow farrowed
15 pigs which I raised for market.
I consider my first corn crop a suc-
cess. I made a total of 70 bushels
which I used to feed my brood sow
and meat hogs. My first corn yield
was equal to the average of our com-
munity. My total labor income for
the first year was $49.37.
The second year I continued my
brood sow project and 11 pigs, 3
acres of corn, and 1 dairy heifer. In
addition to these projects I worked
a total of 200 hours on my father's
truck farm, receiving 10 cents an
hour. I also worked a total of 75
hours helping a neighbor build his
barn. I received 15 cents an hour for
this work.
(Continued on Page 12)


National F.F.A. President


Hello, fellow members of F. F. A.
This is your National President
speaking to you from Wisconsin.
I wish that it were possible for me
to contact each of you personally at
your State Convention, but as that is
impossible, I want you to feel that
this is directed, not only to your
State Association and to your local
chapter, but also to you as an indi-
vidual member.
You have all heard that "a chain is
no stronger than its weakest link."
Have you ever wondered what the
weakest link in F.F.A. is?
A short time ago, I was asked this
question: "If you could make a
change in the F.F.A., what would it
be?" What would you have answered?
(If you have something in your
mind, I'd like to hear from you.) I
answered the question in this way: "I
would have more fellows know more
about F.F.A." Do we have to just sit
and wish that we, as members, under-
stood more about our organization?
I say emphatically, NO! Let's make a
special effort in every local chapter to
have each member more thoroughly
informed about F.F.A.
I believe the development of a
chapter library is an excellent step in
that direction. To you who have li-
braries already-maybe you need to
do some culling of your books and
make some additions. (I am of the
opinion that each and every chapter,
if not every member, should have a
copy of "FORWARD F.F.A." written
by W. A. Ross, our National Execu-
tive Secretary.)
Through your Florida Future
Farmer, I have enjoyed following the
accomplishments of your chapters and
your State Association. Continue your
good work! If I can be of any service
to you at any time, feel free to call
on me.
IVAN H. KINDSCHI,
National President.


Four Years of
Vocational Agriculture

By TRUETT SMITH
Laurel Hill Chapter

Day-Unit Work: My first experi-
ence in vocational agriculture was as
a member of a day-unit class while I
was in the eighth grade. My super-
vised farming program for that year
consisted of 1 acre of corn, 1 gilt, and
one-half acre of sweet potatoes. My
labor income for the year was $80.52.
I became a member of the F.F.A.
chapter and attended meetings regu-
larly.
Agriculture I: My project program
was chosen with the idea of training
for general type farming, therefore,
my productive enterprise projects for
the year were: corn, 1 acre; cotton,
1 acre; sweet potatoes, one-half acre;
and 1 sow and 6 pigs. Improved prac-
tices carried out on the home farm
were: (1) use of pure-bred boar, (2)
started home orchard, (3) con-
structed new terraces, (4) wormed
hogs. I was active in Future Farmer
work, being a member of the beef
cattle judging team at the Tampa
Fair, and receiving the Future
Farmer degree. My labor income for
the year was $141.19.
Agriculture II: My project program
consisted of the following productive
enterprise projects: corn, 5 acres;
cotton, 2 acres; sweet potatoes, 1
acre; and swine, 1 sow; on which I
earned a total labor income of
$274.69. I also carried on the fol-
lowing improved practices: (1) used
pure strain seed potatoes, cotton and
corn seed, (2) eradicated Bermuda
grass from 3 acres of land, (3) had
hogs vaccinated for cholera, (4) con-
tinued to use pure-bred boar and
worm pigs, (5) home mixed fertilizer
for all crops, (6) cleared up new
ground for sweet potatoes, (7) put
ventilators in potato banks, (8)
sprayed fruit trees, and (9) culled
the home flock.
F.F.A. Activities: Was elected sec-
retary of the local F.F.A. chapter,
member of the judging team at
Tampa Fair and at Gainesville, dele-
gate to State Convention at Gaines-
ville, State winner of Essay Contest
"B" sponsored by the Chilean Nitrate
Educational Bureau, Inc., member
of local parliamentary procedure
team, attended all local F.F.A. meet-
ings and took an active part in the
chapter activities.
Agriculture III: My project pro-
gram this year consists of: corn, 4
acres; cotton, 3 acres; sweet potatoes,
1 acre; and 9 head of swine. All proj-
ects are in operation now. I plan to
carry out the following new improved
practices this year: (1) construct
proper terrace outlets, (2) have year-
round garden, (3) spray plum trees,
(4) side dress corn with soda, (5) es-
tablish 2-acre permanent pasture. Be-
sides these new practices, most of the
ones carried out last year will be con-
tinued.


June, 1940


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


Page 5










Page 6 THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER June, 1940


The exhibit of the Antioch Chapter,
Future Farmers of America, won first
prize at the Strawberry Festival held
at Plant City in March.
Mr. W. M. Henry organized a chap-
ter at Antioch for a class of part-
time boys. The boys were cooperative


The Story of a
State Planter Applicant

By KENNETH CLARK
Adviser, Trenton Chapter

Clenny Beach has been a member
of the Trenton Future Farmer Chap-
ter for the past five years and is still
one of its most active members. He is
now enrolled in a part-time class,
after graduating from high school
last year. He has saved his money and
invested it wisely and is now keeping
complete records on his home farm.
Clenny was very successful with his
supervised farming program while
taking vocational agriculture as an
all-day pupil. His first year in high
school he made a labor income of
$139.70 carrying as his project 15
hogs for meat. His labor income from
5 acres of tobacco the second year
was approximately $600. At the pres-
ent time he is working as a partner
in a farm business with his father.
Most of his labor income has been in-
vested in better breeds of livestock
and improvements on his home farm.
Improved practices introduced on
his home farm have greatly increased
the farm income and profits. Some of
these are: a planned system of crop
rotation, use of crotalaria as a soil
builder, use of better breeds of hogs
and cattle, use of kudzu as pasture,
improved varieties of corn and sugar
cane, use of tractor power, and elec-
trifying the farm home. Clenny has
been partially responsible for the in-
troduction of these and other im-
proved practices on his home farm.
Clenny has shown that he is a very
able leader in that he held three of-
fices in his local chapter; namely,
watch-dog, secretary-treasurer, and


and worked hard to put up a credit-
able exhibit. The judges gave the
boys first place which carried a prize
of $50.00.
The boys of the Antioch Chapter
are already making plans for a better
exhibit next year.


parliamentarian. He has been a leader
in all of the community services and
other cooperative activities of the
chapter. He took a leading part in
putting on the County Fair for two
years and won, in the two years, three
first prizes and one second. His record
as a high school athlete was exempli-
fied by his being on the football and
basketball teams for three years and
a member of the F.F.A. diamond ball
team for five years. Last year he
represented the chapter in the har-
monica contest and on the judging
team.
His Future Farmer activities this
year include: supervising the sale of
a balanced mineral mixture for hogs
(a community service), aiding with
a hog-feeding demonstration, member
of the chapter quartet, boxing team
(won all bouts), diamond ball team,
parliamentary procedure team, and
many other general activities.
Clenny has a very creditable rec-
ord as a Trenton Future Farmer and
we hope he is successful in securing
the State Planter degree.



My Supervised
Farming Program

By I. D. PITTMAN
Marianna Chapter
I enrolled in vocational agriculture
in September, 1937. I was initiated
into the Green Hand degree that
same year and received a pin.


My supervised practice work for
the first year was one-half acre of
sweet potatoes, one-half acre of roast-
ing- ear corn, and 1 dairy cow. I made
$18.10 on my sweet potatoes; $15.32
on my corn, and $77.35 on my cow.
The cow netted me the largest profit
so I decided to continue this project
for the next year.
At the beginning of the next school
term I decided to enlarge my project
program by adding a hog and to en-
large the projects I already had. My
project program for this year con-
sisted of 1 acre of sweet potatoes,
one-half acre of roasting-ear corn,
my dairy cow, and a barrow. I made
a larger profit on my projects the sec-
ond year than I did the first. I cleared
$29.40 on my sweet potatoes, $30.44
on my corn, $109.00 on my dairy cow,
and $13.23 on my barrow.
I won second prize, which was
$7.50, on my barrow at the Jackson
County F.F.A. Barrow Show which
was held at the West Florida Auction
Market.
For my third year I have selected
the same projects that I had the sec-
ond year. I did not increase my sweet
potato acreage, but enlarged my corn
project to 2 acres, and added one
more hog to my last year's project
and took my dairy cow again.
I changed the variety of sweet po-
tatoes this year with the hope of in-
creasing my production at least 25
per cent. I planted my sweet potatoes
on new ground. We have about an
acre of good land on the back part of
our field and my father said that if I
would clear it I could use it for my
sweet potato project.
I have had an exceptionally good
crop of roasting-ear corn each year.
There is a low mucky place on our
farm that covers about half an acre.
For the first two years I planted it in
roasting-ear corn. This year I have
cleared about a quarter of an acre on
each side to make an acre. I plan to
plant 1 acre of roasting-ear corn and
1 acre of field corn. I plant my roast-
ing-ear corn as early as possible each
year and in that way I can get a bet-
ter price. I then turn all the old stalks
and grass under and plant a-plot of
turnips on it. In this way I can get
two crops on the same land each year.
Some of my improvement projects
for the three years are: planting a
flower garden, putting out a hedge
around our home, planting fig and sat-
suma orange trees, helping build a
barn, building a fence, clearing land,
breeding dairy cows to pure-bred
bulls, and improving my variety of
sweet potatoes. I have carried out
these improvement projects to the
fullest extent.
Next year I am going to get some
shrubs and set them around my front
and side porch. I have already made
a lattice to let vines run up on this
summer. I plan to make my home as
beautiful as possible with little cost.


Page 6


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


June, 1940









June, 1940 THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER Page 7


Palmetto Future Farmers Reconstruct

Memorial to World War Veterans

on School Grounds

By T. P. WINTER, Adviser


The Business Men's Club of Pal-
metto, in the early twenties, erected
a bronze memorial to the World War
veterans of this community and set
it in a huge concrete block at the base
of the flag pole on the high school
grounds. This memorial showed
among others, those who had made
the supreme sacrifice.
During a terrific lightning storm
in September of this year a bolt
struck the flag pole, shattering the
concrete base and throwing the metal
plate about 40 feet away.
The Palmetto Future Farmers vol-
unteered to replace the memorial if
furnished the material for the work.
This proposition was readily accepted
by the Palmetto Business Men's Club
and the boys started on the project.
The frame for the 125 feet of con-
crete was constructed from 1x6
boards nailed on the edge of 2x6's,
five to the side. These in turn were
reinforced by three horizontal rows
of 2x6's placed edgewise and nailed
at the ends to prevent any possibility
of bulging and breaking.
A triangular lengthwise cut in a
2x2 was used to finish the corners
and top edges. The proper facing was
made on one side to mold for the
metal plate and four bronze bolts
were screwed in the wood, to hold the
plate.
A mixture of one part of cement to
two parts of sand and three of rock
was made and poured in the form. At
two-thirds and again at one-third of
the depth, steel strips were imbedded
in the concrete for reinforcement
purposes.
The frame was removed 24 hours
after the concrete was poured and the
boys worked in shifts with pumice
stones finishing the surface.


Bill Snyder, President of the Busi-
ness Men's Club assisted in replacing
the memorial which went in place
with exact precision, checked the ac-
curacy of the concrete block and com-
mended President Douglas Turner
and the members of the Future
Farmer chapter for completing a fine
piece of work. Mr. Snyder is shown in
the picture with the chapter members
in front of the memorial.


Growing Into Farming
By IVEY TOMPKINS
Lake City
I entered vocational agriculture in
September, 1936, as a freshman in
high school. For the year 1936-37 I
had 100 head of poultry for pullets;
I devoted 107 hours and received a
labor income of $51.83.
For the year 1937-38 I had 500
head of poultry as a project. For the
90 hours I spent on this project, I re-
ceived a labor income of $91.56. I
also had breeding hogs as another
project. This project called for 50
hours of labor and I received $23.00
labor income, making a total of
$114.56 for the two projects.
For the third year I had 500 chicks
for meat, 100 hens for eggs, 3 meat
hogs, and 1 cow. I spent a total of 150
hours on these projects and realized
a labor income of $141.58.
In 1938 at the Slash Pine Festival,
I entered some White Minorcas and
Buff Minorca chicks and several hogs.
I won $12.00 in prizes with these ex-
hibits.
In 1939 at the Slash Pine Festival,
I entered 5 head of hogs-3 pure-
bred and 2 cross-breed-and 5 head
of poultry. The total prize money
from these exhibits was $15.00.


I have participated in the Future
Farmer diamond ball club for all of
my years in school and have served as
chairman of two outstanding com-
mittees.
This year I bought 40 acres of land
to be planted in velvet beans, pea-
nuts, and corn. I plan to plant the
corn and peanuts in 4-foot rows; the
corn will be 36 inches in the drill and
the peanuts will be approximately 11
inches in the drill. I plan to plant 20
acres of peanuts and corn and the
other 20 acres in solid peanuts. I
bought a horse to cultivate this land.
I am also to have a pure-bred gilt, 150
laying hens, 2 sows, and 16 pigs.
The 40 acres of land cost me $800.
I plan to pay for it by growing the
crop which I can sell and get the best
profit. I shall also raise livestock to
help pay for the place. Some time in
the future I plan to build a home on
this farm. I may increase the acre-
age of the farm by buying more land
which adjoins it.
I have worked in tobacco, at the
stockyards, and sold fruit. From these
odd jobs I have earned $150 during
the past 12 months. With this money
I purchased seed, hogs, and a horse.
I find that it is profitable to keep
accurate records and to raise pure-
bred stock.


My Supervised Practice Work
By LUTHER HENDRICKS
Jay Chapter
I first enrolled as a day-unit stu-
dent in 1936. For the first year I
produced 3 acres of corn at a cost of
$27.35 and received a labor income of
$49.15.
The second year I had 3 acres of
corn, 3 acres of peanuts and 1 gilt.
The total cost of producing these
projects was $104.28 and I had a
labor income of $168.59.
The third year of my practice pro-
gram was devoted to the same enter-
prises and the same scope as for the
second year and with a labor income
of $94.70.
This year I have the following su-
pervised practice program: 3 acres of
corn, 3 acres of peanuts, 2 acres of
sugar cane and 1 sow.
As already indicated, I have made
a labor income of $312.44 during the
past three years. In addition to these
productive projects I have repaired
one-half mile of fence, constructed a
20x40 tool shed, put up one mile of
new fencing, repaired farm tools, con-
structed one-half mile of terraces,
culled poultry, castrated hogs, mixed
fertilizer, treated sick animals, and
performed many other similar skills.
From my experience in producing
the projects as stated, I have learned
that it pays to select good seed corn
in the field, that the higher analysis
fertilizers are cheaper in the long
run, that cover crops are essential,
that terracing is necessary on rolling
land and that green crops are desir-
able for the production of hogs.
After I complete high school, I plan
to form a partnership with my father
and continue to operate a general
type of farming.


June, 1940


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


Page 7







THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


June, 1940


June, 1940


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


Program of Twelfth Annual State Convention


Florida Association, Future Farmers of America

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, GAINESVILLE
May 28-0, 1940


Tuesday Morning, May 28, 1940

6:00- 7:00 Breakfast.


7:00- 8:00


Registration (Securing F. F. A.
caps, assigning boys to groups
for judging contests) -New
Gymnasium.


Tuesday Evening, May 28, 1940


6:30- 8:30



7:30- 8:30


8:00-10:00 Livestock Judging Contest -
Magnolia Grove.
10:00-12:00 Swimming Contest University
Pool.
12:00- 1:00 Lunch-University Cafeteria.

Tuesday Afternoon, May 28, 1940

1:00- 3:30 Official meeting, Florida Associ-
ation, F.F.A., in the auditorium
of the P. K. Ybnge Laboratory
School (Seating delegates, an-
nouncements, group singing).


3:30- 5:00


5:00- 6:30


Public Speaking Contest-Audi-
torium of the P. K. Yonge Lab-
oratory School.
Supper-University Cafeteria.


Official meeting, Florida Asso-
ciation, F.F.A., in the audito-
rium of the P. K. Yonge
Laboratory School.
Program broadcast over Radio
Station WRUF.
Opening Ceremony-State Offi-
cers.
Invocation-J. Lester Poucher,.
Past National President, F.F.A.
Group Singing.
Address of Welcome Earl
Haynsworth, State President,
F.F.A.
Greetings H. W. Chandler,
Dean, University of Florida.
Music.
Accomplishments of the Florida
Association, F.F.A. J. F.
Williams, Jr., State Adviser.
Speech-Winner of the State
Public Speaking Contest.
Quartette.


Address-Billy Bryan, National
Vice-President, F.F.A.
String Band.
Closing Ceremony--State Offi-
cers.
8:30-10:00 Motion Pictures.

Wednesday Morning, May 29, 1940

7:00- 8:00 Breakfast-University Cafeteria.
8:00-10:00 Official meeting, Florida Associ-
ation, F.F.A., University Audi-
torium.
10:00-11:00 Diamond Ball.
11:00-12:00 Swim-University Pool.
12:00- 1:00 Lunch-University Cafeteria.

Wednesday Afternoon, May 29, 1940


1:00- 3:00


3:00- 4:00
4:00- 6:00


Official meeting, Florida Associ-
ation, F.F.A., University Audi-
torium.
Diamond Ball.
Parliamentary Procedure Con-
test-University Auditorium.


6:00- 6:30


String Band Contest (Broadcast
over WRUF)-University Au-
ditorium.


Wednesday Evening, May 29, 1940


6:30- 7:00
7:00- 8:00


Motorcade to Camp O'Leno.
Weiner Roast-Camp O'Leno.


Thursday Morning, May 30, 1940
7:00- 8:00 Breakfast-University Cafeteria.
8:00-10:00 Official meeting, Florida Associ-
ation, F.F.A., University Audi-
torium.
10:00-11:00 Diamond Ball Finals.
11:00-12:00 Swim-University Pool.
12:00- 1:00 Lunch-University Cafeteria.

Thursday Afternoon, May 30, 1940


1:00- 2:00

2:00- 5:00


Quartette Contest University
Auditorium.
Official meeting, Florida Associ-
ation, F.F.A., University Audi-
torium (Final business session,
installation of new officers,
closing ceremony.)


BOYS ATTENDING ELEVENTH ANNUAL FUTURE FARMER STATE CONVENTION


I '" """ *- ** - *- *-


Page 8


Page 9


Page 9










Page 10 THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER June, 1940


Becoming Established in Farming
By W. H. KENDRICK
Adviser, Pahokee Chapter


Coming from a medium-sized dairy
farm, Roy Kautz, a junior in Pahokee
High School, has set up an enviable
record in his agriculture and Future
Farmer work as well as general school
activities.
Since becoming interested in farm-
ing as a vocation and enrolling in
vocational agriculture, Roy has made
rapid strides in not only training him-
self to be competent in handling the
problems that would come up on the
type of farm of his selection-"live-
stock-truck"-but also has gone a
long way in actually establishing him-
self in this field.
Through his supervised farm prac-
tice program he has gone far in learn-
ing by doing the best practices for
enterprises within his type and has
accumulated 30 pure-bred Poland
China hogs, 1 grade dairy heifer, 1
dairy calf, considerable general farm
equipment, 2 poultry houses, and 500
five-weeks-old chicks from which he
intends to start a laying flock. Fur-
ther, he has taken a responsible place
on his father's dairy farm and intro-
duced several important improve-
ments.
Roy has planned a continual ex-
panding supervised farming program.
His supervised farming program for
this year is 5 brood sows, 1 boar, 30
pigs, 5 acres of cabbage, 4 acres of
beans, 1 dairy calf, 1 dairy heifer, 5
range beef cattle heifers, and 500
chicks for pullets. All enterprises ex-
cept the range beef cattle have al-
ready been completed or are now in
progress. He plans to continue to in-
crease in all lines of livestock pro-
duction that he has started as well as
add considerable acreage to his truck
crop projects. He has used profits
from his truck crop enterprises this
year for increasing his livestock and
plans to continue with this policy.
Roy holds the Future Farmer de-
gree and hopes by virtue of his gen-
eral school work, extra curricular


activities, and supervised farming
program, to be able to reecive the
State Planter degree at the next
Future Farmer State Convention. Roy
says he will qualify for the American
Farmer degree by the end of next
school term.


My Supervised
Practice Program
By S. W. CLARK, JR.
Greensboro
In the fall of 1936 marked the be-
ginning of my study in vocational ag-
riculture. I enrolled in an eighth
grade day-unit class at Greensboro
and was initiated as a Green Hand.
I carried a Poland China gilt as a
project my first year. She farrowed
12 pigs and under the careful super-
vision of my father and agricultural
teacher I made a labor income of
$94.06 on them.
I kept my pigs free from worms
by raising them according to the Mc-
Lean system. I fed them a balanced
diet which kept them growing all the
time. I was able to get top prices for
my hogs when they were eight months
old.
I was unable to schedule agricul-
ture in the ninth grade but had a
definite desire to continue the work.
I enrolled again in the fall of 1938.
I broadened my supervised practice
program and through a well-planned
long-time farmer-training program I
began to seethe real benefits of plan-
ning. My second year's program in-
cluded 6 hogs, 1 acre of corn, and 1
acre of sun tobacco. Through im-
proved methods of fertilization and
cultivation I made one of the highest
yields of tobacco in the county. My
labor income from these projects
amounted to $234.03. During my sec-
ond year as an agricultural student I
established a lawn, set a number of


flowers and shrubs, painted and
stored the farm machinery. I con-
tinued to prune fruit trees and re-
paired several small tools.
I was initiated as a Future Farmer
in September, 1938. I began taking
an active part in chapter activities
and was elected as chairman of the
scholarship committee in our F.F.A.
chapter.
I represented my chapter in the fol-
lowing contests during 1938-39: local
public speaking, delegate to State
Convention, livestock judging at
Gainesville, beef cattle judging at
Tampa, and parliamentary procedure
contest in the sub-district and dis-
trict.
I set up my third year's program
with a definite desire to grow into the
farming business. I now have in my
project program 1% acres of sun to-
bacco, 100 baby chicks for fryers, 6
hogs for market, 2 acres of corn, and
a Jersey heifer.
I set 500 slash pine seedlings on
idle land, helped establish 2 acres of
White Dutch clover as experimental
pasture, 5 acres of carpet grass pas-
ture and set additional fruit trees.
I was elected secretary of the chap-
ter and president of the junior class
in the fall of 1939. I am a member of
the high school glee club and presi-
dent of the intermediate B. Y. P. U.
I represented my chapter in the
beef cattle judging in Tampa in Feb-
ruary and entered the Essay Contest
in March. I am financing my projects
this year with the profits from my
programs the first two years and have
saved $150 which I have deposited in
the bank on saving account.


High School Boy
Makes Own Money
By RAY HUDSON
Baker Chapter
Until four years ago I depended
entirely on my parents for everything
in the way of clothes, food, and
spending money. I did not know what
is was to earn money of my own. In
November, 1936, my brother gave me
$10.00 with which to buy 4 small pigs.
After paying $1.00 each for these
pigs I had $6.00 left with which to
purchase feed. I fed these pigs until
late in January. I then sold them in
a local market.
Feeling a little more encouraged
at this time, I persuaded my father
to allow me to have a project. He
promised me 1 acre of cotton and 3
acres of corn, provided I would pay
him $3.00 per acre. With this agree-
ment we traded. I saved all the money
that I received from my 4 hogs, and
with what I borrowed from my father
I carried my project through. At the
end of the year I had a labor income
of $61.05. I used this money for
clothes, school supplies, and spending
money.
The next year, 1937-38, I wanted to
increase my projects. With the aid of
my adviser, Mr. A. F. Townsend, and
my father I borrowed $80.00 from
the Marianna Productive Credit As-
sociation to finance 3 acres of corn, 3
(Continued on Page 11)


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


June, 1940


Page 10









June, 1940 THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER Page 11


PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE
(Continued from Page 3)
in the National Chapter Contest. As a result of
planning and carrying out these local chapter
programs of work, based on the State Associa-
tion and the National programs of work, the
achievements of the local chapters have been
the most worth while in the history of the State
Association.
On behalf of the State officers I wish to wel-
come the delegates and all participants in the
various contests to the State Convention and in-
vite each of you to contribute your part in mak-
ing the Convention a fitting climax for this
year's activities.
EARL HAYNSWORTH, President
Florida Association, Future Farmers of America.





TEACHING BY PROJECTS
(Continued from Page 3)
that must be considered. An agricultural teacher
has to remember that "as a rule, the teacher
helps best by helping children to help them-
selves."*
It seems to me that projects in vocational ag-
riculture should offer the same values that the
project method has for all subjects; and, in ad-
dition, they should provide further motivating
values because of the pride of ownership and
the possibility of economic profit.
The project method in vocational agriculture,
as for any subject, requires the individual boy
to obtain the facts he needs from many sources
and fields of knowledge. For example, a boy
who fattens a feeder steer for the market has to
obtain and study information from the fields of
biology, chemistry, economics, arithmetic, mar-
keting, transportation, insurance, English, and
many others.
A boy who is conducting several agricultural
projects has no problem in the use of his leisure
time. It is true that a person should not work
all the time he is out of bed, but he certainly
needs some hobbies or interests to occupy his
leisure hours. In addition to agricultural proj-
ects, Future Farmers engage in many coopera-
tive and recreational activities.
I desire to congratulate each boy in Florida
who is a Future Farmer. In the cycle of pro-
duction of a crop or animal each of you has a
real motive for wanting to learn-learning in
order that you may properly do the tasks be-
fore you, and in doing each of these tasks you
have the opportunity to learn many valuable
facts and skills which I know that you will find
valuable for the future.
Dr. Bagley has well said: "Education is the
process by means of which the individual ac-
quires experiences that will function in render-
ing more efficient his future action."**
*Foundation of Methods, p. 211.
**W. C. Bagley-The Educative Process.


High School Boy Makes Own Money
(Continued from Page 10)
acres of cotton, and to buy 1 brood
sow. I carried out this program to the
best of my ability, all the time taking
advice from my adviser and my fa-
ther. I planted early corn to sell
green, but the market went bad. I de-
cided to wait and gather the corn dry.
but just before gathering time rains
came and rotted all my corn except 15
bushels. However, my labor income
amounted to $170.38 from my cotton
and hogs.
In 1938-39 my projects were cot-
ton, corn, and hogs. I borrowed $100
to finance these projects during the
past year. I fertilized well, and my
3 acres of cotton was a most promis-
ing project until late in the summer
when the rains began. These rains
continued for seven weeks and I gath-
ered only 1,600 pounds of seed cot-
ton. Regardless of work and fertili-
zer the bad weather lowered my pro-
duction in corn. I carried out nicely
the program with my hogs. My pro-
duction was good, but with a shortage
of feed I could not market a very
high grade of hogs.
After deducting all expenses from
my labor income I find that I have
made $303.48. Taking all my proj-
ects as a whole-good seasons and
bad-I have been successful enough
that I have been able to take care of
all my financial obligations and have
not yet had to ask my family for
help.


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and your name and address at following prices:

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June, 1940


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


Page 11










Pare 12 THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER June, 1940


A Hog Project

mI


My Supervised
Practice Program

By GEORGE CRAWFORD
Williston Chapter
During my first year in vocational
agriculture I had 5 acres of corn and
peanuts and 2 brood sows for proj-
ects. In experimenting with nitrate
of soda on corn, I found that my yield
was increased by 5 bushels per acre.
During the period the project was in
operation, I had a labor income of
$31.92.
I bought a pure-bred registered
Poland China gilt from the experi-
ment station at Gainesville to carry
for a project. Along with this gilt I
had 2 brood sows and 1 litter of 8
small pigs. For a second project I also
had 12 acres of corn in 7-foot rows
and 12 acres of peanuts in 3%-foot
rows. Finding that the nitrate of soda
increased my yield the first year, I
applied it to the corn the second year.
My labor income for the second year
was $212.70, making a total of
$244.62 for the two years.
For my third year in vocational ag-
riculture, I planned to carry the fol-
lowing projects: 15 acres of corn and
peanuts, 4 brood sows, 1 acre of sweet
potatoes, 25 head of goats, 15 acres
of velvet beans, and 1 acre of black-
eyed peas.
Besides my projects I have 20 acres
of land with a good growth of pine
timber on it, 1 horse, 10 head of hogs,
and approximately 125 range cattle.
I also own a number of farm tools.
After taking a course in agricul-
ture in college I plan to go back to
the home farm and operate it.



Growing Into the
Poultry Business

By JAY NEWTON
Homestead Chapter
I enrolled in vocational agriculture
in the Homestead high school four
years ago. Agriculture is one of my
favorite subjects and the only one
that gives me an opportunity to study
for my life's work.
I live on my uncle's farm. Four
years ago I started to keep records on
the chickens on the farm. Finally I
decided I would like to have a flock of
my own, so I started to save money
until I was able to buy 150 chicks,


from which I produced 75 pullets. It
was but a short time until I began to
see that there was money in broilers,
so I built a small plant which has a
capacity of 300.
One of our greatest problems in
South Florida is transportation to
market. We are located 35 miles
south of Miami and have to haul all
our produce.
My uncle and I started in the poul-
try business four years ago and today
we have 3,000 birds. We have 1,000
broilers and 2,000 hens. We are now
building a new broiler house which
will have a total capacity of 2,000
birds. We have built seven chicken
houses and one egg house in the four
years which we have been in business.
When we first started we bought an
old worn-out farm and we are quite
proud of the change we have made in
it.
This year I am a junior in high
school and I have for projects: 70 lay-
ing hens, 900 broilers, 1 hog, and 1
cow of which I own a one-third share.
Besides this I have 1 acre of land
scarified so we can plant a small
grove. I have planted 20 citrus trees
and 18 avocadoes.
I hope to be a poultry farmer when
I finish school. My uncle has already
promised me a job here running the
business and helping market the prod-
uce.
This year in order to market my
produce rapidly, I bought a small
truck and now I have a small retail
egg and broiler trade.

The First Steps Toward
Farm Ownership
By NOLAN C. ACREE
Ft. Meade
It is possible for an individual to
enter the farming business by pur-
chasing a complete farm all ready to
operate and on a paying basis, and
even possible that the individual may
himself become a successful farmer in
spite of his inexperience. It may be
possible that a young man may have
the capital to start farming in this
manner, but not very probable.
My way, so far, of going into the
farming business is the way followed
by most of our successful farmers of
today-the "learn as you grow
method."
My own program toward farm
management and ownership started
in 1936 when I entered a day-unit
agricultural class at Fort Meade. My
first productive enterprise projects
were small but they seemed to fit in
with the future farm objectives in
general.
In 1937 I entered my high school
agricultural training period. As our
farm consists mostly of citrus and
beef cattle, I decided to plant a cit-
rus nursery seed bed. This project
consisted of one-fourth acre of sour
oranges and seedling sweet stock.
That year my father gave me 2 head
of beef cattle in return for work done
with his herd, this and the nursery
were my first carry-over projects. -I
also owned 95 head of laying hens.
My improvement project was help-
ing construct a new house and some


of my supplementary practices were:
caring for farm livestock, crop and
grove cultivation, and beautifying
the home grounds.
In 1938 I enrolled in second year
agriculture. My projects consisted of
a one-fourth acre citrus nursery and 3
head of beef cattle. My improvement
projects were: improving one-half
acre of pasture land, and planting
cover crops over 20 acres of grove
land. My supplementary practices
consisted of making salt lick, repair-
ing fences, making tool handles, and
managing a herd of beef cattle.
In the school year of 1939-40, I
enrolled in my third year of agricul-
ture. My projects now consist of beef
cattle, citrus nursery, early roasting-
ear corn, and 300 baby chicks in part-
nership with my mother. My improve-
ment projects are: improving pasture
grasses and planting forestry trees.
At present I have completed pruning
a grove which involved 120 hours of
labor, tilling a grove involving 30
hours and fertilizing a grove, 30
hours.
My personal argicultural holdings
show an annual increase when in-
ventoried and I feel that when I grad-
uate from high school I shall own
enough property to bridge the gap
that usually exists for farm boys be-
tween their high school completion
and the business of farming. I have a
start in the farm enterprises that I
like and that fit my farm and commu-
nity best. I also have confidence that
I can manage these enterprises satis-
factorily.

(Continued from Page 5)
My Experience As
A Future Farmer
For the school year of 1938-39 I
continued my brood sow project, 5
acres of corn, 4 meat hogs, 1 dairy
cow, one-half acre of Irish potatoes.
In addition to carrying out my super-
vised practice work I was elected to
the executive committee of the chap-
ter, and was a member of the Live-
stock Judging Team which won 15th
place at the Tampa Fair and a prize
of $5.00.
I was also on the Livestock Judging
Team which won first place at the
State F.F.A. Convention in Gaines-
ville and competed in the national
contest at Kansas City, Missouri.
After taking out all of my expenses
my total labor income for the third
year in vocational agriculture was
$316.64.
For the school year of 1939-40 I
am taking as my supervised practice
work, 1 brood sow, 11 pigs, 5 acres of
corn, and 200 baby chicks. I plan to
sell the cockerels on the market and
keep the pullets for laying hens.
In this, my senior year, I have been
elected secretary of the chapter, was
on the exhibit judging team which
went to the Florida State Fair in
Tampa, and I will be a member of the
Parliamentary Procedure team when
the contest is held.
After graduating from high school
I plan to enter the University of Flor-
ida and continue the study of agricul-
ture.


June, 1940


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


Pare 12








June, 1940 THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER Page 13


The World's Most Famous Beach


DAYTONA BEACH, FLORIDA


ASK THE MAN WHO HAS BEEN THERE
There are thousands upon thousands of them.

TRADE your inland heat waves for Daytona Beach's ocean breezes.
RECREATION and play days include full and varied amusements.
RELAX anywhere on a 23 mile long and 500 feet wide beach.
Plan to vacation in Florida's HOST city.

IT'S COOLER IN DAYTONA BEACH



City of Daytona Beach
or
Address Inquiries to


The Chamber of Commerce


June, 1940


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


Page 13


JlKtIILp


&--











A Tobacco Project


My Projects in Vocational Agriculture
By RODERICK PEEPLES
Jasper Chapter


Having lived on a farm near Jas-
per for most of my life, I enrolled in
vocational agriculture in the fall of
1936. My reasons for taking this sub-
ject was that I felt that agriculture
would prepare me for what I wanted
to do.
My projects for the first year were
tobacco and watermelons. Tobacco
and watermelons were selected as
they are cash crops grown on our
farm. I planted 1 acre of tobacco and
one acre of watermelons. The tobacco
yield was high and the market was
good and a net profit of $175.00 was
realized. The 1 acre of watermelons
made very little money for me as the
market was poor, although the yield
was excellent.
The next year I planted 2 acre's of
watermelons and 2 acres of tobacco.
The tobacco was fertilized with 1,000
pounds of 3-8-5 fertilizer per acre,
the same as the year before, but an
unusual rainy season reduced the
quality of the tobacco. The markets
opened low and I was fortunate to
make a small profit.
The watermelons were attacked by
disease and the crop was short. With
a short crop and the quality of the
melons below that of previous years,
I managed to make money on this
project. Our farm is close to the road
and all the melons were sold to trucks,
enabling me to cut costs and make a
profit.
One acre of peas was added to my
projects the same year. I put 100
pounds of 3-8-5 fertilizer in the drill
before planting, and plowed the peas
twice with small sweeps. From this
acre of peas I sold over 1,600 pounds
of green peas and made a $38.00 net
profit. Due to weather conditions and
market prices on tobacco and the
poor crop of watermelons, the peas
were my best project for 1938-39.
For the year 1939-40 my projects
are as follows: 1 acre of tobacco, 4
acres of watermelons, 2 acres of corn


and peanuts, 2 brood sows, a Jersey
heifer, and 10 pigs. Due to crop con-
trol I was able to get only 1 acre of
tobacco.
I have increased my watermelons
to 4 acres because I can sell all of the
melons I make to trucks. The melons
are planted in rows with 2 rows of
corn and peanuts between the melon
rows, giving me 2 acres of corn and
peanuts. The interplanting of early
corn and Spanish peanuts give me
early hog feed.
In order to have a well-balanced
project program I purchased 2 grade
sows. From these sows I have at pres-
ent 10 shoats and the sows will farrow
the second time soon. The first lit-
ters were 12 and 8 giving a total of
20 pigs. Of these, only 10 are living as
the pigs were born during the coldest
weather and were mashed by the
sows. This will be remedied as I now
have a farrowing pen for the sows.
The losses from the first litters
will not prevent me from obtaining a
profit from this project.
Recently I purchased a Jersey
heifer as an investment. The heifer
cost me $16.00 and at this time she
weighs 350 pounds. The heifer will be
used to provide milk and to raise
more cows for the farm.
In my three years of vocational ag-
riculture I have gained experience,
pleasure and profit.

That "Safe" Feeling
Said a farmer who recently in-
stalled a lightning rod system: "The
feeling of safety during a thunder-
storm when you are in a protected
building is alone worth the cost of the
installation. Of equal value is the
knowledge that when you are away
from home lightning won't destroy
or damage it or its contents. This
relief from nervousness is worth
many times the cost of the installa-
tion."


My Project Program
By ROWAN THOMAS

Clay Chapter, Green Cove Springs
In the year of 1937 I took my first
course in vocational agriculture in a
day-unit class. This was the first
year that vocational agriculture was
taught here. For the first year my
project was 30 head of swine for
meat and I received a labor income
of $129.05. My interest in agricul-
ture became greater after the first
year and I worked out a long-time
supervised farming program which
has helped me in many ways.
For the second year I had as my
project 40 head of swine for meat,
6 head of cattle for beef, and one-
half acre of mixed garden. From
these three projects I realized a labor
income of $103.62.
From the study of vocational agri-
culture I have learned to cull poultry,
and now I do the culling of the home
flock. I have learned the importance
of having good stock by using a pure-
bred sire. My boar was allowed to run
on the open range, thus improving the
breed in my community. I have im-
proved the stock of my cattle by the
use of pure-bred sires. I have a cross
of Brahman and Hereford with range
cattle.
I have planned the following proj-
ects for the year 1939-40: swine for
breeding 5 sows and 1 boar; swine for
meat 30 head; and 10 head of cattle
for breeding.
From what I have learned in the
study of vocational agriculture, I
truly believe I can realize a greater
profit this year than I have in the
past, for I have learned the impor-
tance of careful and accurate rec-
ords, and I have improved my live-
stock.
I have beautified my home grounds,
planted feed crops, improved the farm
woodlot and planted soil-improvement
crops for my improvement projects
this year. I improved our land a great
deal last year by planting cover crops
and turning it under while green.
For supplementary practices I have
repair jobs, a forestry seed bed, prop-
agation of shrubs, and culling poul-
try. I have seen the importance of
these jobs and I plan to make agri-
culture my future vocation.





Small Town Fire Inspections

In most cities of 15,000 and up the
paid fire departments are now making
regular inspection tours for the pur-
pose of discovering and correcting
various fire hazards. This movement
is also extending to volunteer fire de-
partments in smaller towns, including
fire inspection tours covering farm
property that is protected by a rural
fire department. Even now, each
farmer can and should act as his own
inspector, to see that conditions in and
around the place make it as hard as
possible for fire to get a start.


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


June, 1940


Page 14








Jue 90TH LRD FTR AME ae1


NATURAL

CHILEAN

NITRATor SODA









W HENEVER, wherever you use ni-
trate, be sure it is Natural Chilean
Nitrate of Soda. It is the world's only
natural nitrate. It is the "natchel" food for
bigger, better crops.


Chilean Nitrate is guaranteed 16% nitro-
gen. It also contains, in natural blend,
many other plant food elements-protec-
tive elements such as iron, manganese,
magnesium, boron, iodine, calcium, potash,
zinc, copper and many more. These pro-
tective elements act much like vitamins in
their effect on your crops.


Use Natural Chilean Nitrate. It is well
suited to your crops, your soil, your climate.
No price increase this entire season, and
there is plenty for everybody's needs.


Free plans show how to build

sanitary improvements of Concrete
CONCRETE plays an impor-
tant part in making your l .
dairy pay. A concrete floor
keeps cows healthier; is easier
to clean and disinfect; doesn't
absorb odors; is wear-proof,
fire-proof and vermin-proof.


Concrete milk houses and cool-
ing tanks make it easy to keep
milk clean to handle it effi-
Sciently-prevent the losses that
\ result when milk is graded
down.
Or perhaps you need a new
Feeding floor, poultry house,
I. grain bin, storage cellar, or
.'" other modern improvements.

Build at low cost with concrete,
and you know it will last for a
lifetime. Do the work yourself
or ask your cement dealer to
recommend a concrete contrac-
tor. Let us help by sending free
plans and suggestions. Check
list below.
- - (Paste onpennypostalandmailtoday) -- -
PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION
Dept. B6-24, Hurt Bldg., Atlanta, Ga.
Please send booklets on subjects checked.
Name ...................................... .... ......................... ..........
Address. ...............................................................
City ..................................................... a. e ................. .
n Dairy Barn Floors D Milk Houses E Milk Cooling Tanks O Poultry Houses
Ej Feeding Floors O Silos 0 Soil Saving Dams 0 Septic Tanks O Foundations
0 Walks and Drives O Fireproof Homes O Making Concrete.

_ ) __________________________


"Dat's de stuff," says Uncle Natchel


NA MWEHf

SO': ,

YASS( MY/


----------~----------------


June, 1940


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


Page 15







Page 16 THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER June, 1940

1


wadiC /&H a&cl


c/k/M i!/1;wec


SEE BEAUTIFUL GAINESVILLE
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA CAMPUS
FLORIDA STATE MUSEUM
LIVE STOCK AUCTION MARKET
TUNG TREE GROVES


Branch of Cluster Variety 4-Year-(


ENJOY GOLFING SWIMMING
FLORIDA STATE LEAGUE BASEBALL DIAMOND BALL

and
MANY OTHER FORMS OF RECREATION


Gainesville Chamber of Commerce


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER


June, 1940


Page 16




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