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Group Title: Florida future farmer
Title: The Florida future farmer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076598/00034
 Material Information
Title: The Florida future farmer
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Kissimmee Florida
Frequency: quarterly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agricultural education -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1938-
Numbering Peculiarities: Volumes for 1956-1957 both numbered v. 17.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076598
Volume ID: VID00034
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01405300

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Main
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
Full Text
/ OCT 261951
OCTOBER, 19.51

Forestry Camp Attracts
Over 200 FFA Members

FFA Members, Veterans Are
Long on Accomplishments

National FFA Convention
Kansas City, October 8-13












Gone to Grass...




,0_.'.- .a,... -. ..- .. .- 1


Not only in the vat ranges or the Great
Plains is grass creating new security and
wealth. In many old. cropped-out ,ec-
tions a return to gra4s-and-li\estock is
restoring "faith and fertility.'" Areas t here
once livestock grazed in our great west-
ward migration are carrying livestock
again-and with yields in pounds and dol-
lars that sound almost like miracles.
Typical of the new grassland manage-
ment is the operation centering at Dixon
Springs Experiment Station in Southern
Illinois. A few years ago this was worn-
out, plowed land -practically worthless -
raising perhaps 10 bushels of corn to the
acre. Today they're getting four to five
hundred pounds of livestock gain off those
same acres (the record so far is 682 pounds
in a season). And they're shooting for a
thousand! At current beef, lamb and wool
prices, they're netting around $100 per
acre per year-on land where not long
ago the animals would literally have
starved to death.
How was this miracle achieved? By
good farming and ranching practices. By
preparing the soil with lime, potash and
phosphate. By finding, through hundreds
of careful tests, the best combinations of
grasses and legumes to give the longest
grazing season and grow the most meat.
Thus, the land has been made immedi-
ately profitable-and still maintained for
future use. For under cropping, this land
loses a full plow-depth of topsoil in 30 to
40 years; but in grass, it will not erode
that much in 8,000 years.
Dixon Springs and other experiment
stations are pointing the way to a type
of farming practice suited to many of the
older sections of the United States. Some
experienced ranchers of the West and
Southwest are extending their stock op-
erations back into Eastern states. In the
South, beef cattle are doing well on worn-
out cotton land reconverted to grass. This
change from crop raising on poor land to
livestock production on permanent pas-
ture seems to present a great opportunity
to many producers. It could mean the
development of great new livestock-pro-
ducing areas... and more meat for our
growing population.
-------------------
autf4a oyaSi SWec/ile foe
HAMBURGER HARVEST CASSEROLE
1 pound hamburger; 1 cup chopped onions; 2 cups
cooked tomatoes, drained; 1 teaspoon curry powder,
chili powder or 1 tablespoon Worcestershire sauce;
2 tablespoons salt; 2 potatoes, sliced thin; V3 cup
flour; 2 cups whole kernel corn, drained; 2 cups
cooked lima beans, drained; V2 cup sliced green
pepper; V/2 cups shredded cheese or buttered crumbs.
Combine hamburger, onions, tomatoes, one of the
seasonings and salt. Pat into a one-inch layer in a
3-quart casserole. Over this, place the potatoes,
flour, then corn, lima beans and green pepper. Top
with cheese or crumbs. Bake in a moderate oven
(350 F.) 1 hour. Serve hot. Yield: 8 to 10 servings.


Im Breeding Limits
iP Beef Cattle Gains

T. G. Byerly
A Animal Husbandry Division
7" G. IBerl. U.S. Depl. of Agriculture
Studies at the U. S. Range Livestock
Experiment Station, Miles City, Mon-
tana, prove that steers from fast gain-
ing bulls put on weight in the feed lot
faster than steers from slow gaining
bulls. They also prove that there is no
inherent relation between conformation
and rate of gain. While small-type
steers generally gain slower than large-
type, breeders can selectively breed
fast gaining small-type cattle as well
as fast gaining large-type cattle. Breed-
ing for rapid feed lot gains can be done
within type, without hurting type.
Today 35 states are included in this
broad cooperative research program
with the U.S.D.A. Type, conformation,
calf crop, as well as rate of gain are being
measured. Bulls are placed on feed at
6-10 months of age under standard con-
ditions. Their rate of gain varies from
a pound a day to four pounds a day.
And the steers they sire will vary in the
same direction as the sire though usually
less widely.
Breeders in several states are also
conducting performance tests by plac-
ing bulls at central testing stations for
evaluation.
You have to wait until after the calf
is weaned to measure his capacity to
gain. While the calf is on the cow, her
milk supply will affect rate of gain.
There just isn't any relation between
weight and finish of calves at weaning
and their ability to gain in the feed lot.
Through selective breeding we can
produce more beef per brood cow and
per steer fed, with greater profit.
,-'-'-- OUR CITY COU;INr'- -




"^--^ 7:- )



S Football season... hear that big din?
SCity Cousin kicked the pig's skin!


Soda Bill Sez..,
A good head to start with gives a man
a good head start in getting ahead.


SHow to earn a

quarter of a cent
Maybe you read a little
while back that in 1950
Swift averaged about Y4
a pound profit on its meat operations.
One quarter of a cent per pound!
Here's what we do to earn that quar-
ter of a cent per pound of product
handled.
First we buy your livestock, then
process them and distribute the meat.
Every possible by-product is utilized.
The income from these non-meat by-
products increases the return you get
for livestock. It also decreases the cost
of meat to consumers.
Next, it's a long way from Broken
Bow to Boston. There is an average
thousand-mile gap between the places
where livestock is produced and the
populous cities where meat is eaten.
We help bridge that gap for you. We
pay transportation costs on our finished
products; deliver them to dealers in all
parts of the United States. For you
producers, this means a broad, nation-
wide market instead of a limited local
market for your products.
For all these services we earn a net
"fee" of Y4 a pound. As you know,
that isn't enough to make any impor-
tant difference either in the amount
you receive for livestock you sell; or in
the price peo-
ple pay for C'. eatl son,
meat for their Agricultural
tables. Research Department


Swift & Company
UNION STOCK YARDS, CHICAGO 9, ILL.
Nutrition is our business-and yours


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951











By Way of Editorial Comment:


A Salute to FFA
by JOHN FORD, Exec. Vice Pres.
Florida Farm Bureau


WHEN FLORIDA Farm Bureau salutes you Future Farmers it is no perfunctory courtesy
or idle gesture but an earned tribute heartily extended. We admire your work.
We want to help.
We look forward to the day that should see most positions of responsibility in
county and state farm bureaus occupied by men and women who, as boys and girls,
have come up through the school of FFA and FHA. You know how to conduct
meetings in an orderly manner and how to do things in the organized way. We
need more of those skills in our adult
Farm Bureau.
Partly for that selfish reason we take
pleasure in presenting an annual award
to honor the winning FFA Parliamentary
Procedure Team and its Advisor. Our
admiration and best wishes go each year
with the physical trophy, won this year
by the boys from Marianna.
Last year it was an FFA boy who won
our Farm Bureau Winn &c Lovett $iooo
college scholarship.
Each year since 1947 you have sent
your President as an honored guest of
Farm Bureau at our State. Convention,
and each year his address has been a
high spot on our program. The Wimau-
ma Chapter string band made foot-
JOHN FORD patting music for us two years ago and
we look forward to having the boys from the Leon Chapter with us in 1951; after all
somebody has to take care of the Future Homemakers who come.
The Farm Bureau takes pride and joy in inviting all Future Farmers to our State
Convention on November 15 and 16. The new state building will play an important
part on the convention program.
The cordial relationship existing between FFA and Farm Bureau in Florida
is most gratifying. We hope to conduct ourselves and our program in such manner
as to merit always your cooperation as an organization and to inspire you as indi-
viduals to become lifelong members of Farm Bureau when school days are over.

Th Don Jones of Center Hill, Florida, foreground, and other
The over members attending the Future Farmer of America Forestry
Training Camp at Camp O'Leno, practice use of firefighting tools and technique of
control burning.


THE FLORIDA FUTURE FARMER VOL. XII, NO. 4
Published four times per year, January, April, July, and October by the Cody Publications, Inc.,
Kissimmee, Florida for the Florida Association, Future Farmers of America


STATE OFFICERS 1951-52
President..........Copeland Griswold, Chumuckla
Vice-President............Gibbs Roland, Newberry
2nd Vice President......Bobby Woodward, Quincy
3rd Vice President ............C. B. Gatch, Eustis
4th Vice President.......... Alfred Meeks, Pahokee
5th'Vice President....... .Wilton Miller, Marianna
6th Vice President.....Chester Damron, Bradenton
Executive Secretary......A. R. Cox, Jr., Tallahassee
State Adviser...........H. E. Wood, Tallahassee


NATIONAL OFFICERS F.F.A. 1950-51
President........Walter Cummins, Freedom, Okla.
1st Vice-President..............Robert L. Smith,
Buttonwillow, Calif.
2nd Vice-President........Hal Davis, Quincy, Fla
3rd Vice-President.............Donald Jorgensen,
Lake City, Iowa
4th Vice-President ............Richard Waybright,
Gettysburg, Pa.
Student Secretary.Wayne Staritt, Morgantown, W. Va.
Executive Secretary.A. W. Tenney, Washington, D.C.
Executive Treasurer........... Dowell J. Howard,
Winchesttr, Va.
National Adviser................W. T. Spanton
Washington, D. C.


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The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951


3


NACO; .











Eight Florida Future Farmers


Receive American Farmer Award


Ed. Note: The American Farmer Degree
is the highest award available to the
Future Farmers of America. Eight out
of eight Floridians nominated, earned the
degree this year.

Willis
JOHN WILLIS, Wimauma F.F.A. Chapter
is the son of Henry Y. Willis of Ruskin-
"The Salad Bowl of the Nation." John
was in the loth Grade when the Voca-
tional Agriculture Department was es-
tablished at Wimauma. He rose from
the ranks of a Greenhand in 1946 to
become president of the Chapter in 1949.
John's supervised farming program has
consisted of such truck crops as peppers,
pole beans, tomatoes, and cucumbers,
along with some outstanding improve-
ment projects and supplementary farm
jobs. His record in growing vegetables
won for him the State Award in the
National Junior Vegetable Growers As-
sociation Contest during his first year in
vocational agriculture. He earned a
labor income of $845.11 and since gradu-
ating earned $8,501.79 from his farming
program.
After graduation from high school,
young Willis enrolled in the College of
Agriculture at the University of Florida.
He became a member of the Agriculture
Club, circulation manager of the Florida
College Farmer, and was active in campus
politics. He was also elected reporter of
the Alpha Gamma Rho Social Fraternity.
John's leadership activities, both in
school and out, have been outstanding.
In his F.F.A. Chapter he participated in
parliamentary procedure, softball, and
livestock judging, in addition to holding
an office in the chapter each year. He
also represented his chapter at the State
Convention. He was a leader in school
activities, served as managing editor of
the school paper, president of the band,
and Salutatorian of the Senior Class.
Community activities in which John
participated included the Ruskin Toma-
to Festival, Boy Scouts, the Ruskin Vege-
table Co-op, and Chairman of the Ruskin
Polio Drive for one year.

Porter
JOHN L. PORTER, 20, is the son of Dr.
and Mrs. H. V. Porter of rural Quincy,
Florida. He operates and has complete
charge of a 920 acre farm. Although
John is chiefly a shade tobacco grower,
which requires a great deal of capital,
he, unlike most tobacco growers, has a
diversified farming program in operation


which will protect him in case of loss of
tobacco production. This diversified
farming program includes besides shade
tobacco, corn, hogs, sweet potatoes, cows,
truck crops such as beans, squash, etc.
He has a net worth of $43,320.00 and has
earned a labor income (in school and
out) of $11,876.40.
He served as treasurer of the local
chapter, chairman of several committees,
chapter public speaker, member of the
chapter quartet, and various other con-
tests including livestock judging, and
other positions. He served as secretary
and treasurer of his class in high school,
president of his Sunday School, Master
Councilman of Demolay, and delegate to
the state convention for several years.
John is now treasurer of the Young
Farmer Chapter at Quincy, a member
of the Farm Bureau, Florida National
Guard, and the Methodist Church.


Futch
ALVIN FUTCH, 19, is the son of R. E. Futch
of Plant City. He is now farming in
partnership with his father and brother,
William Futch who received the Ameri-
can Farmer Degree in 1949. He earned
a labor income of $3,246.68 from beef
cattle, hogs, sweet corn, cane, and
permanent pasture.
Since finishing High School he has
continued his beef cattle enterprise and
is producing a great variety of truck
crops such as, squash, pole beans, sweet
peppers, field peas, cucumbers, and okra.
Alvin's success story is best told in his
own words-"I consider that my years in
Vocational Agriculture and the F.F.A.
have been the most eventful and enjoy-
able years of my life. I have often
wondered if there could be any other
organization that follows through so
closely with its members as the Future
Farmers of America Association which
strives to establish its members in farm-
ing and to develop rural leaders."
"The many activities in which I have.
participated and the opportunities offer-
ed me through the F.F.A. have changed
me from a bashful country boy to a
young farmer who enjoys meeting other
people and learning from them new
ideas and practices. One new idea which
we are trying out this year is the planting
of velvet beans along side last year's cane
stubbles. The cane has made excellent
growth and the stubbles are holding up
a fine growth of velvet beans. It looks
as though we are going to have plenty


of good winter grazing for our livestock."

Roberts
PHILLIP ROBERTS, 20, son of Gerry
Roberts of Bell, grew up on a farm in
Gilchrist County, 40 miles from Gaines-
ville where the University of Florida is
located. It is only natural that after he
graduated from High School he would
enroll in the College of Agriculture at
the University. His labor income of
$4,675.57 is being used toward financing
of his College career. His schedule at
the University of Florida enables him to
continue his farming operations. His
present farming program which is in
partnership with his father consists of 20
acres of corn, 20 acres of peanuts, 4 acres
of tobacco, 61 head of hogs, 3 head of
beef cattle, and 2 dairy cattle. He owns
a 50% interest in 255 acres of land.
Phillip served as sentinel, reporter, and
president of the local chapter. He par-
ticipated in parliamentary procedure,
quartet, softball, and was active in many
chapter cooperative activities such as
buying and selling of seed, watermelons,
and hogs. He served as vice president
and president of his class during his
school career, was captain of the basket-
ball team, Sunday School teacher, and a
member of the Gulf Cooperative.

Perry
CARL PERRY, 20, son of Carl E. Perry of
Summerfield, rose from a Greenhand in
1944 to become the Star State Farmer in
1948 with a labor income from his farm-
ing program in school of $12,617.99.
The enterprises in his farming program
consisted of tomatoes, corn, peanuts,
cantaloupes, hogs, beef cattle, squash, and
dairy farming.
Since finishing high school, Carl has
been farming in a partnership basis with
his father, continuing his in-school enter-
prises, and adding dairying to the farm-
ing program. Carl and his father pur-
chased a dairy which they are operating
on a partnership basis. His out-of-school
farming activities have made him
$25,535.36. He owns a share on 210
acres of land and at the present time has
a net worth of $39,677.07.
Carl served as president and vice presi-
dent of his chapter; president of his
senior class, and played varsity football,
baseball, basketball, softball, and track.
He was a member of his chapter's Parlia-
mentary Procedure and softball teams
(Continued on page 6)


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951











Local Business Firms Proudly Present


Florida's FFA 1951 American Farmers

aaLw1.1r


COY CREEL ALVIN FUTCH REVIS MOORE
Allentown Chapter Plant City Chapter Suwannee Chapter
Sponsor Sponsor Sponsor
National Bank Milton Hillsborough State Bank, PlantCity Suwannee FFA Chapter


CARL PERRY
Summerfield Chapter
Sponsor
Security Feed Co., Ocala


JOHN PORTER
Quincy Chapter
Sponsor
Lester Motor Co.
Dodge & Plymouth Dealers


.M; I
P. A. ROBERTS
Bell Chapter


Sponsor
C. C. Roberts Sale Co.


RICHARD RUTZKE
Redland Chapter
Sponsor
F. H. Rutzke & Co.
Growers of Fruits & Vegetables


JOHN WILLIS
Wimauma Chapter
Sponsor
Ruskin Vegetable Co-op


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951











rocur Ttott/i



CorjnSat/ont


hr C&op &ely
0 f





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and participated in public speaking and
livestock judging contests. His coopera-
tive activities included marketing truck
crops and buying calves and fertilizer
with other members of his chapter.

Moore
REvIS MOORE, 19, is the son of R. F.
Moore of Live Oak, and a member of
the Suwannee F.F.A. Chapter. Revis
earned a labor income of $1,317.88 from
corn, hogs, and beef cattle during his
school years. Since finishing high school,
Revis has added tobacco and water-
melons to his farming program and has
earned a labor income of $4,819.60. His
net worth is $3,766.75.
Young Moore served as sentinel and
reporter of his local chapter, participated
in the showing and judging of livestock,
and was a member of his chapter's soft-
ball team. He is a member of the local
Farm Bureau and an usher in the Baptist
Church.

Rutzke
REPRESENTING EXTREME South Florida
among the American Farmer Degree
candidates this year is Richard Rutzke,
20, son of .F. H. Rutzke of Redland. He
had four years of Vocational Agriculture
in High School and has been engaged
full time in truck farming in partnership
with his father since graduating. His
total labor income during the four years
he was in high school was $845.11. Since
graduating he has earned $8,501.79 in
farming.
Richard served as reporter, vice presi-
dent, and president of his chapter and
was a member of the chapter's team in
parliamentary procedure, livestock judg-
ing, and softball teams. He was the
state winner in the National Junior Veg-
etable Growing Contest for three years.

Creel
CoY CREEL. 20, son of Mr. and Mrs. John
M. Creel, Allentown, studied Vocational
Agriculture for 5 years at the Allentown
high school. During this time he de-
veloped an outstanding farming program
consisting of general farm crops, truck
crops, and livestock, and became a leader
in his school F.F.A. Chapter and the
State F.F.A. Association. Coy served as
secretary, vice president, and president
of the Allentown F.F.A. Chapter and
secretary of the State Association. He
was president of his sophomore and
senior classes and an outstanding athlete
in high school.
Young Creel earned a labor income of
$1184.79 from his supervised farming
program during his in-school career.
Since graduating from high school he has
made a labor income of $6,629.20. He
is now enrolled in College of Agriculture


at the University of Florida while farm-
ing 220 acres in partnership with his
father. Coy has built up a total net
worth of $18,294.90. After graduating
from the University he plans to return
to the farm and purchase his father's
share.

Edwards Has Amazing
Beginning of Career
AN EXAMPLE of how Future Farmers often
establish themselves in large farming
operations when they have finished their
active careers in the F.F.A. is Maurice
Edwards, Jr., of Bradford County.
Maurice decided in High School that
he wanted to raise purebred Brahman
cattle and made himself known in his
section as an authority on the Brahman
breed.
He won the F.F.A. Division in the
Southeastern Fat Stock Show in Ocala
in 1947, won the National Poultry
Judging Contest in Waterloo, Iowa in
1948, served as State Treasurer of the
F.F.A. in 1947, and is currently serving
a term as President of Bradford County's
Cattleman Association. He holds the
American Farmer Degree.
He recently secured a $11,ioo loan
from the Farmers Home Administration
Program and bought an additional 208
acres adjoining his 1io acres and has
built a house, added to his purebred
herd, and planted 50 acres of pasture
land.
"His rapid rise in his chosen profession
is little short of amazing" according to
a news story recently published in the
Florida Times Union.


In Memoriam
MEMBERS OF the Florida F.F.A. will
regret the death of W. R. (Bill) Fel-
ton announced in the Oklahoma
Association's "Outlook". Mr. Felton,
Assistant State Supervisor of Voca-
tional Agriculture in Oklahoma since
1946, and a widely known livestock
judge and showman, died in a Still-
water hospital June 28 following a
heart attack at his home.
His death came as a shock to hun-
dreds of livestock men, vocational
agriculture teachers, F.F.A. mem-
bers, and others who had known him
for his long years of service to ag-
riculture.
He was recognized as an expert
at fitting livestock for show and will
be remembered by Florida Future
Farmers for his help in handling of
the F.F.A. Judging Contests at the
American Royal Livestock Show in
Kansas City. He was made an Honor-
ary American Farmer in 1950 at the
National F.F.A. Convention in Kan-
sas City.


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951









FFA Delegates

Ready for

Convention
LEADING THE Florida delegation to the
24th Annual National F.F.A. Convention
in Kansas City, will be Hal Davis, 2nd
National Vice President from Quincy,
Florida. He will attend Executive Offi-
cers' Meetings prior to the opening of
the Convention, Monday, October 8.
The selected National Band and
Chorus members from Florida will leave
October 3, with D. A. Storms, County
Supervisor of Vocational Agriculture
and A. R. Cox, Executive Secretary,
Florida Association, F.F.A.
Band members start rehearsal Friday,
October 5th, and will finish October 14th
as the National Band marches in the
American Royal parade. Florida mem-
bers of the National F.F.A. Band are:
C. Howard Tate, Madison FFA Chapter;
Charles Turner, Bunnell FFA Chapter;
and T. C. Holden, III, Ocala FFA
Chapter.
Florida's two Official Delegates who
will take part in the business sessions
during the Convention are Don Fuqua,
Altha, immediate past president of the
Florida Association, F.F.A., and Copeland
Griswold, Chumuckla, 1951-52 State
President, Florida Association, and Chile-
an Nitrate Leadership Award winner.
Alternate delegates are Gibbs Roland,
ist State Vice President from Newberry,
and Bobby Woodward, 2nd State Vice
President from Quincy.
National F.F.A. Chorus members start
rehearsal at the same time as the Na-
tional Band. Florida members of the
Chorus are: Edward Clark, Lakeview
FFA Chapter; Benny Hamilton, Leon
(Tallahassee) FFA Chapter; Charles
Drummond, Tate (Gonzalez) FFA Chap-
ter; Durwood Outlaw, Lakeview Chap-
ter; and Jack Peacock, Quincy FFA


Top FFA judging teams at the Florida
State Fair: L. to r.; front row, Frank
Williamson, Ike Riggs, Leroy Baldwin,
instructor Marion Roche of Ocala, rear
row, Lamar Dupree, Ralph Cellon, Lamar
Malphurs, instructor W. C. Farrell of
Alachua.


The national officers of the Future Farmers of America for 1950-51 are, left
to right, Walter Cummins, 19, Freedom, Okla., national president, Robert L.
Smith, 19, Buttonwillow, Calif., Ist vice president; Hal Davis, so, Quincy,
Fla., 2nd vice president; Donald 7orgensen, 19, Lake City, Iowa, 3rd vice
president; Richard Waybright, 4th vice president, and Wayne Staritt, 20,
Catawba, W. Va., national student secretary.

Call for National Convention
TO MEMBERS OF THE FUTURE FARMERS OF AMERICA:
By the powers vested in me as National President of the Future Farmers
of America, I am issuing a call for all State and Insular Associations to send
delegates to a National Convention which will be held in the Municipal
Auditorium, Kansas City, Missouri, October 8 through 11, 1951.
All chartered State Associations in good standing with the National
Organization are entitled to select and send two delegates and two alternate
delegates from the active membership, and those candidates nominated for
the American Farmer Degree by the National Board of Student Officers and
approved by the National Board of Directors, also any members who have
reservations in Kansas City, and wish to attend the National Convention.
As a National Organization we have accomplished many outstanding
things this past year and at this, our 24th National Convention, plans will
be made for the very important year ahead. Regular business will be
transacted, the National Public Speaking Contest will be held and awards


will be made.
Freedom, Oklahoma
July 1o, 1951


Chapter.
The following five Vice Presidents will
attend the National Convention as
guests of the State Association: Gibbs
Roland, Newberry, ist Vice President;
Bobby Woodward, Quincy, 2nd Vice
President, Chilean Nitrate Leadership
and State Soil and Water Management
Award Winner; C. B. Gatch, Eustis, grd
Vice President and Florida Bankers'
Scholarship Award winner; Alfred Meeks,
Pahokee, 4th Vice President; Wilton
Miller, Marianna, 5th Vice President;
and Chester Damron, Bradenton, 6th
Vice President and Chilean Nitrate Lead-
ership Award Winner.
The awarding of the American Farmer
Degree, highest award given by the FFA
Organization, is a feature of the Con-
vention. Candidates for the Degree
from Florida are: Coy A. Creel, Allen-
town F.F.A. Chapter; Alvin Futch, Plant
City FFA Chapter; Revis Moore, Suwan-
nee (Live Oak) FFA Chapter; Carl
Perry, Jr., Summerfield FFA Chapter;
John Porter, Quincy FFA Chapter;
Phillip A. Roberts, Bell FFA Chapter;
Richard Rutzke, Redland FFA Chapter;
and John Y. Willis, Wimauma FFA


WALTER CUMMINS
National President


Chapter.
Dr. W. T. Spanton, National F.F.A.
Adviser, announced that the applications
of these candidates have been carefully
reviewed and will be recommended to
the delegates for final approval, during
the Convention.
H. F. Wiggins, Jr., Williams Memorial
FFA Chapter at Live Oak, State Star
Farmer and Chilean Nitrate Leadership
Award winner will participate in the
massing of State Flags by carrying the
Florida State Flag.
The Leon (Tallahassee) State Champ-
ion String Band consisting of Eugene
Edenfield; Robert Jett; Buddy Jacobs;
E. T. Evans; and Paul Messer, and the
State Champion Quartet from Alachua,
consisting of Jackie Copeland; Larry
Waters; Delano Waters; and Ray
Norrison, will be present to play and
sing on the National Talent Night pro-
gram.
Other winners of the Chilean Nitrate
Leadership Awards who will attend the
National Convention are: Bill Hester,
Deland; and C. A. Willis, LaBelle.
Desmond M. Bishop, Adviser, and
(Continued on page 15)


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951































Upper left, Clem Godwin and P. H. Davis loading posts for treating in tanks; right,
P. H. Davis ready to dunk a load in the treating tank: below left, P. H. Davis and
7. Barrineau measuring depth of creosote mixture in tank to determine amount
absorbed by posts; Barrineau, Vocational Agriculture teacher at Walnut Hill, looking
over the plant.


Walnut Hill Chapter


Operates Valuable Plant

by BILL STEWART, I & E Assistant, Fla. Forest Service


WALNUT HILL farmers are saving what
they used to throw away. And building
fences with it!
Since July, 1949, over 65,0oo fence
posts have been treated at the Future
Farmers of America treating plant, next
to the Walnut Hill High School, and
the majority of them have been from
timber that the neighboring farmers used
to throw away as worthless.
The idea for a fence post treating
plant, owned and operated by the FFA
boys, was not just a happy accident.
Jim Barrineau, vocational agriculture
teacher at Walnut Hill since 1934, was
and is the spark-plug, manager, and
guiding genius of the whole undertaking.
To show his success, the boys now have
a valuable plant, completely paid for,
and have a nice fat bank account to
boot. Yet the farmers have benefited
by being able to make use of their waste
saplings and get their fences up cheap.
The well equipped plant was started
when Barrineau, a member of the
Ruritan Club at Walnut Hill, talked the
club into sponsoring the FFA boy's post
treating venture to the tune of $1500.
With this capital, a site on the school
forest, a lot of hard work, and some
freely given labor by the Ruritan's, the
project was started. A vat was welded
together in the school workshop, size 24'
x4'x4', and the boys swarmed over the


selected plot of land, erecting a shed and
some pole racks.
"The biggest piece of luck was the
tractor that we were given by the State
Improvement Commission," Barrineau
said. "It looked like it would never run
again but with some new tires and a little
joggling by a mechanic, it started
running like a sewing machine and we're
still using it."
The treating system used by the FFA
boys is known as the "hot-bath treat-
ment." This means that the poles are
soaked in a mixture of No. 1 creosote
and No. 2 Diesel oil under a tempera-
ture of 180 degrees for three hours and
then cooled down overnight. The cool-
ing-down process draws the creosote into
the poles and they're safe from rot, bugs,
etc., for "2- years or better", according
to Barrine;iu. Operating at a "batch"
(350 posts) a day speed, the plant has
been running steadily ever since it
opened.
After operating for a short while,
Barrineau lound that creosote and boys
don't mix too well so two of the men
in the community were hired to handle
the actual treating part of the operation
while the FFA boys helped load the
racks and the various other tasks around
the plant.
As soon as the original debt was
cleared up, the price for treatment,


already low, was dropped even farther,
so that it just covered the cost of the
creosote, labor, and allowed a slight
profit to the boys. At the present time,
the treating cost per pole runs between
$.15 and $.o2, which represents a pretty
good saving to the farmer.
The Walnut Hill FFA chapter, now
having over 80 members, is proud of
their plant and Bill Amos, president,
has aided greatly in the whole under-
taking. The Florida Forest Service
project forester at Pensacola, W. A.
Jackson, assisted the club in choosing
the right treating mixture.
Dalton Morgan, one of the FFA mem-
bers, indicated his increased interest in
forestry by going into the post cutting,
peeling, and hauling business on his own.
At the present time, Dalton is handling
the whole operation for the farmer, from
woods to plant, for to cents per pole.
Jim Barrineau, who has been called
back into service as an Army major for
21 months, is leaving the manager's job
to his assistant, Arol Hudson.
All in all, the Walnut Hill FFA boys
are helping themselves, the farmers of
their community, and forest conserva-
tion with their post treating plant. They
are a good example of community co-
operation in action.


Suwannee Chapter

Wins FFA Forest

Management Prize

GOOD FOREST practices paid off for four
boys from the Suwannee chapter of
Future Farmers of America at Live
Oak, Florida.
In a presentation ceremony at a joint
Junior Chamber of Commerce-Kiwanis
meeting in Live Oak, Rex Harper of
Fla. Forest Service, presented a check for
$125.oo to Wesley Goff, president of the
Suwannee chapter, for winning first prize
in a state-wide FFA forestry manage-
ment contest, sponsored by the Fla.
Junior Chamber of Commerce.
Besides the first prize won by the
Suwannee Chapter, the Vernon and
Williston FFA chapters were awarded
$15.00 and $o1.oo respectively for second
and third prize. The St. Regis Paper
Co., Cantonment, again donated the
prize money this year in the interest of
encouraging good forestry practices
throughout the state of Florida.
Rankin Cox, representing the State
Vocational Agricultural Department, and
Rex S. Harper, representing the Florida
Forest Service, assisted in judging the
contest.
The money will be used by four of
the Suwannee chapter members to help


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951









defray expenses on their trip to Kansas
City for the national FFA convention.
The Suwannee chapter realized an
income of $7,166.50 from their 40-acre
forest and their individual woodlands
over the past year and at the same time
kept their forests in excellent shape for
future profits. The chapter members
planted 27,500 seedlings and plowed
27 1/8 miles of firelines on their acreage
which is located five miles south of Live
Oak, on the Mayo road and one mile
west on the Dowling Park Road.
The chapters principal income came
from pulpwood and poles, although they
did make over $1,2oo.oo on saw-timber,
posts, and cross-ties. However, the profit
was not the major item used in the
judging, according to Harper, represent-
ing the Florida Forest Service.
"We looked to see that good forestry
had been practiced and, a very important
item, that the school forests had helped
instill in the boys a concept of forest
conservation," Harper said.
Some of the other activities which
were carried on by the Suwannee boys
included forestry publicity programs on
the radio stations and in the local news-
papers, field trips to show the work they
wexe doing, to their classmates and
teachers, and eradication of many worth-
less "weed" trees that were occupying
valuable timber area in their 40-acre
plot.


Trenton Corn Contest

Winners Announced

AT THE Trenton F.F.A. Chapter's Annual
chicken pileau, September 27th, three
winners in the Corn Contest received
their awards.
Each member of the chapter who
entered the contest planted one acre of
corn and used whatever method of plant-
ing and fertilizing he judged best after
extensive research on corn culture.
Jerry Douglas, first place winner with
a yield of 52 bushels, received a pure-
bred gilt and a plaque. Second place
winner, Jimmie Ray Downing, had a
yield of 47 bushels and received a plaque
and $5.00. James Quincey was third
place winner with a yield of 45 bushels,
and received a $3.00 award.
The boys believe they learned a great
deal about successful corn production.
Lowest yield was 20 bushels which is far
above the average Florida yield of 8-o1
bushels of corn per acre.
Many farmers in the community ob-
served the methods tried by the boys
and drew their own conclusions. As an
outgrowth of the interest they displayed,
the chapter plans a contest among com-
munity farmers, in addition to the chap-
ter contest, next year.


THOUSANDS of thrifty farmers are money ahead
because they use economical, long-lasting, firesafe con-
crete masonry for poultry houses, dairy barns, hog houses,
granaries, implement sheds and milk houses. Concrete's
moderate first cost, lifetime service and low upkeep all
add up to low-annual-cost construction.
Write today for helpful free literature on any farm
building or livestock housing problem. Be sure to see
your local concrete products manufacturer when in town.
Always insist on concrete masonry units which comply
with the specifications of the American Society for Test-
ing Materials (ASTM).

PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION
Hurt Building, Atlanta 3, Ga.
A national organization to improve and extend the uses of portland cement
and concrete ... through scientific research and engineering field work


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951


r.I


F.F. A.


FRI00 FRI01 FR103*
Sterling Silver ... $ 3.00 $ 3.50 $2.00
10K Gold........ 15.00 18.00 7.25
*Furnished in sizes only up to 9'%
Prices subject to 20% Federal Tax and any State Tax in effect.
PINS OR BUTTONS
Green Hand, bronze ........................................... 25c, no Fed. Tax
Future Farmer Degree, silver plate................ .... 28c, plus 20/ Fed. Tax
BELTS BUCKLES TIE HOLDERS
Belt & Buckle, bronze or nickel finish.................... $2.25, no Federal Tax
Tie Holder, gold plate............... .................. $1.40, plus 20% Fed. Tax
All above prices subject to change without notice, and any State Tax in effect.
Write for Catalog

L. G. BALFOUR COMPANY
ATTLEBORO Official Jewelers for F.F.A. MASS.






































Top, receiving awards from H. E. Wood, State Adviser, F.F.A., for being outstanding
campers in Florida at the Forestry Training Camp at Camp O'Leno near High Springs,
Florida, are: left to right, Paul Parrish, Caryville; E. J. Gibbs, Gonzalez, Robert Adams,
Bradenton and Gary Letchworth, Tallahassee; .below, left to right: X. L. Pellicer,
president of the Board of Forestry; Alan Brown, Middleburg; David Ivey, Green Cove
Springs; C. W. Hamm, Malone; Billy Dean, Reddick; and C. H. Coulter, State
Forester. These boys are receiving awards for being outstanding campers during the
first week at Camp O'Leno.



217 Attend Forestry Camp

By BILL STEWART, I. & E Assistant, Fla. Forestry Service


NEVER HAS any group of old and stately
trees been so insulted by the prodding
fingers of increment borers, rude ticklings
of tree scale sticks, and embarrassing hugs
with a diameter measuring tape as the
pines and other trees in the near vicinity
of O'Leno State Park during the Forestry
Training Camp which was held June 24
to July 6.
The Florida Forest Service had its
hands full with exuberant and curious
Future Farmers of America, their curiosity
extending even to the durability of the
cabin shutters!
Sponsored by the pulp and paper mills,
lumber mills, and turpentine operators of
Florida, the foresters put a total of 217
boys through their forestry paces during
the two weeks. The delegates, chosen for
their interest and outstanding work in
forestry, learned the fundamentals of
good forestry, including courses in the use
of forestry tools, tree identification, forest
fire protection, timber management, gum
farming, and forest farming.
Each week, four campers were honored
by their teachers and fellow delegates by
being chosen as honor campers. First
week winners were Alan Brown, Middle-


burg; David Ivey, Green Cove Springs;
C. W. Hamm, Malone and Billy Dean,
Reddick. Second week winners were Paul
Parrish, Car)ville; Robert Adams, Bra-
denton; E. J. Gibbs, Gonzalez; and Gary
Letchworth, Fallahassee. Based on the
high quality of leadership, scholarship,
and sportsmanship which the boys had
shown, these awards honored the Future
Farmers of America as much as it did the
boys themsel es.
Besides the honor camper awards, Rex
S. Harper, assistant camp director, con-
ducted a number of contests including
a compass course, tree age estimation, and
slash pine seed number estimation. Win-
ners included Alan Brown, Middleburg;
Ray Brown, Sanderson; Donald Jones,
Center Hill; Delano Folsom, Mayo and
Wayne Kilpatrick, Jay. These boys re-
ceived flashlights in reward for their
skill.
The FFA (hapters from northeast and
central Florida were registered for the
first week, while the south and northwest
sections were represented during the
second week.
Camp director Wm. S. Chambers, Jr.,
of the Florida Forest Service, planned a


full program of sports as well as forestry
for the campers. Organized softball, vol-
leyball and horseshoe teams competed
each week for the athletic championships.
A registered Red Cross lifeguard kept
close watch over the two daily swim per-
iods and no serious accidents were repor-
ted during the two weeks.
The camp concluded each week with a
banquet at which honored guests from
many of the sponsors and from the Vo-
cational Agricultural department were
present. Principal speaker for the final
week of camp was the new head of the
University of Florida School of Forestry,
Dr. C. M. Kaufman.
Sporsors for the camp included Con-
tainer Corporation of America, Fernan-
dina; National Container Corporation,
Jacksonville; International Paper Com-
pany, Panama City; Rayonier, Inc., Fer-
nandina; St. Joe Paper Company, Port
St. Joe; St. Regis Paper Company, Pen-
sacola; American Turpentine Farmers As-
sociation, Valdosta, Georgia; Alger-Sulli-
van Lumber Company, Century; Brooks-
Scanlon, Inc., Foley; Granger Lumber
Company, Inc., Lake City; Hudson Pulp
and Paper Company, Palatka and Neal
Lumber and Manufacturing Company,
Inc., Blountstown.


Collins Receives

$400 Scholarship

THOMAS COLLINS, member of the J. F. Wil-
liams F.F.A. Chapter, Live Oak, Florida,
has been awarded a S400 scholarship to
the University of Florida. This award was
provided by the National Association of
Thoroughbred Breeders. Thomas has
been a member of the J. F. Williams
F.F.A. Chapter for four years and served
his local Chapter one year as vice presi-
dent. He was one of the highest rating
students in the Live Oak High School
placement test. In this test given by the
Live Oak School, Thomas made an aver-
age of 88.8 per cent in all fields covered.
His supervised farming program while
in school has been principally in the live-
stock field. His second year in vocational
agriculture he fed and finished a steer
which he entered in the Southeastern Fat
Stock Show at Ocala, taking fourth place
in the class. His supervised farming pro-
gram includes hogs as a breeding project.
He chose the Duroc breed and has raised
a number of pigs from this project.
Thomas has also included in his super-
vised farming program several grade dairy
heifers and is finding live stock enter-
prises profitable in his farming operation.
Through the training received in the
local F.F.A. Chapter, Thomas has deve-
loped leadership qualifications to the ex-
tent where he is recognized by the busi-
ness people of his community as a leader


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951










among the youth as well as taking his
place as leader among the adults. He will
enter the Agricultural College of the Uni-
versity of Florida in September and will
major in agricultural economics.



Trenton Receives


Nationwide Honor

TRENTON'S F.F.A. Chapter recently re-
ceived nationwide recognition when it
was judged one of the outstanding five
in the National Chapter Cooperatives
Contest sponsored by the American In-
stitute of Cooperation.
The Trenton chapter was chosen by the
Florida Council of Farmer Cooperatives
to represent Florida in the National Con-
test.
The other four of the outstanding five
were, Kennett Chapter, Kennett Square,
Pennsylvania; Cassopolis Chapter, Casso-
polis, Michigan; Waverly Chapter, Waver-
ly, Nebraska; and Mesa Chapter, Mesa,
Arizona.
The Trenton Chapter had as coopera-
tive projects: 60 acres Dixie 18 corn; 40
acres peanuts; 5 acres Pensacola Bahia;
5 head of purebred Polled Hereford cattle;
20 acres watermelons; 1oo purebred
Durocs, and mixing feed for all purebred
livestock.
The chapter also conducted a chapter
cooperative which sold to farmers in the
community and chapter members.



Gamble Exhibits Champ

HUBERT GAMBLE of Live Oak exhibited
the Grand Champion Fat Barrow in the
F.F.A. Division at the Quincy Fat Hog
Show. Donald Clark of Greensboro
entered the Reserve. Champion. The
Quincy Judging Team composed of
Williams Timmons, George Johnson, and
Terry Johnson, were top judges. Suwan-
nee Chapter's team took second place
and Greensboro third.
Tommy High, former F.F.A. member
of Reddick, sold his Blue Ribbon Duroc
Winner four times and donated the
money to the Gadsden County Polio
Fund. Tommy is trying to pay back to
the polio foundation for the help he
received in his battle against that disease.
Whatever money he makes on an entry in
the Livestock Show, he donates to the
local fund campaign. With the coopera-
tion of buyers, who often return the
animals to him for resale, he has now
been able to repay a substantial amount
of money to the. Local Foundation. He
is rapidly paying off his debt to the
Foundation, and at the same time, build-
ing up a successful farming project-a
commendable feat for a high school
student.


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951


FFA Calendar of Events


JULY, 1951
Event Type Place Date
F.F.A. Forestry Training Camp (2nd week)..State Camp O'Leno July 1-7
Judging Chapter Forestry Contest............ State Districts July 10-11
Agricultural Teachers' Conference........... State Daytona Beach July 16-21
Tractor Derby ................... ......... Sub-District Jay July 7
Graceville July 21
DeFuniak Springs July 24
National Farm Safety Week ................ National Each Chapter July 22-28
F.F.A. State Officers' Training ............. State Daytona Beach July 25-28
Kiwanis Forestry (SAL) Program............State Winners Tallahassee

AUGUST, 1951
Tri-State Public Speaking Contest......... Ala., Fla., Ga. Auburn, Alabama August 2
West Florida Dairy Show ................... State Chipley August 16
Southern Regional Public Speaking ConteAt...Regional Ga. FFA Camp August 21
SEPTEMBER, 1951


West Florida Hog Show .................... State
Suwannee Valley Hog Show ................ State
Ocala Junior Youth Show..................Area
OCTOBER, 1951
Okaloosa County Agri. Fair ................ County
National Dairy Show ......................National
National FFA Convention................... National
American Royal Livestock Show............. National
Fire Prevention Week........................National
Gadsden County Tobacco Festival..........County
West Florida Fair and Livestock Show........ Area
Nassau County Fair......................................County
North Florida Livestock Show and Fair...... Area
Gilchrist County Breeders Show .............. County
NOVEMBER, 1951
Deadline-Chapter Program of Work........State
Sumter All-Florida Breeders Show............. State
Volusia County Dairy Show.................County
Walton County Fair & Livestock Show.......County
Hillsborough County Youth Fair............County
Kissimmee Valley Livestock Show ............
DECEMBER, 1951
Deadline-Membership dues to attend FFA Day State
Polk County Youth Fair ................... County
JANUARY, 1952
West Coast Dairy Show...................... Area
Pasco County Fair ......................... County
Southwest Florida Fair....................Area
Southeastern Brahman Show ................ State
Sarasota County Livestock Show.............. County
Dade County Fair and Livestock Show....... County
Tri-County Fat Stock Show ................. Area
Citrus County Fair ........................ County
FEBRUARY, 1952
Deadline: State Initiated Project Applications State
Florida State Fair-Dairy Cattle Show Week... State
F.F.A. Day, Florida State Fair.............. State
Deadline for Paying Dues-State & National..
Florida State Fair..Beef Cattle Show Week...State
West Florida Fat Cattle Show................Area
Highlands County Fair .................... County
National F.F.A. Week ...................... National
MARCH, 1952
Deadline-Amer. Farmer Degree Applications.. State
Southeastern Fat Stock Show................. State
Deadline-FFA Foundation Award Appli.....State
Pinellas County Livestock Fair.............. County
Highlands County Fair .................... County
Broward County Fair ......................County
DeSoto Pageant and County Fair............ County
Florida Sportmen's Exposition............... County
Imperial Eastern Brahman Show.............
APRIL, 1952
Deadline-State Farmer Degree Applications..State
State Dairy Contest (Southern Dairies) ......State
Southeast Florida Livestock Show............ State
State Forestry Contest (SAL) ................ District
Banquet Contest (Sears, Roebuck & Co.).....Area I
Copies of Public Speaking.................
Sub-District F.F.A. Contests.................
MAY, 1952
Deadline Entries in Cattlemen's Contest.....State I
Copies of Public Speaking.................. C
District Contests...........................
Chapter Accomplishment Reports ........... .Chapter I
Copies of Public Speaking ................. State S
Selection Delegates State Convention......... I
Selection Delegates Forestry Camp........... Chapter I
JUNE, 1952
State F.F.A. Convention.................... State r
Chapter Scrapbooks....................... State S
Annual State Fish Fry................... .....tate S
Special Awards Program.....................State I
Entries Jaycee Chapter Forestry Contest......State


Quincy
Live Oak
Ocala


Sept. 10-11
Sept. 17-20
Sept. 25-26


Crestview Oct. 1-6
Waterloo, Iowa Oct. 1-3
Kansas City, Mo. Oct. 8-11
Kansas City, Mo. Oct. 10-13
Each Chapter Oct. 7-13
Quincy Oct. 17-20
Marianna Oct. 22-27
Callahan Oct. 25-27
Tallahassee Oct. 30-Nov. 3
Trenton


Dist. Adv.
Webster
DeLand
DeFuniak Spgs.
Plant City
Kissimmee


Nov. 1
Nov. 7-10
Nov. 7-10
Nov. 15-17


Tallahassee Dec. 1
Bartow Dec. 6-8


Tampa
Dade City
Fort Myers
Ocala
Sarasota
Miami
Wauchula
Inverness

State Office
Tampa
Tampa
Tallahassee
Tampa
Quincy
Sebring
Each Chapter

Dist. Adviser
Ocala
Dist. Adviser
Largo
Sebring
Ft. Lauderdale
Bradenton &
Palmetto
Eustis
Bartow


Jan. 5

Jan. 15-18
Jan. 21-26
Jan. 30-31


Feb. 1
Feb. 4-9
Feb. 9
Feb. 28
Feb. 11-16
Feb. 12-14
3rd week in Feb.
Feb. 17-23

March 1
March 4-7
March 1
March 4-8
March 4-8
March 17-22

March 19-23


list. Adviser April 1
Dist. Adviser April 1
list. Adviser April 15
list. Adviser April 15
Belle Glade April 10-11
Chapter Sub-Dist.April 18
Chairman
April 25

list. Adviser May I
Chap. Dist. Chair. May 2
May 9
Dist. Adviser May 15
tate Chair. May 16
list. Adviser May 31
list. Adviser May 31


list. Adviser
tate Convention
tate Convention
list. Adviser


June 9-13
June 9
June 12
June 12
June 30













FFA Accomplishments of 1950-1951


THE FLORIDA Association, F.F.A., had,
during the past year, 138 chartered local
chapters with a total active membership
of 7,512 boys. There were 4,190 Green-
hands, 3,222 Chapter Farmers, 88 State
Farmers, and 12 active American Farmers.
There are, in addition, 15,969 local As-
sociate members, and 832 local and state
Honorary members. For 1950-51 the
total membership, active, associate, and
Honorary, was 24,313 persons. We should
attain an even higher goal during this
year.
A summary of some of the accomplish-
ments of these active members is given be-
low:
I. Supervised Farming
Average number of productive enterprises
per m em ber ........................... 2.01
Average number of improvement projects
per m em ber ........................... 4.04
Average number of supplementary farm
practices per member.................... 7.2
Percent of members with balanced farm
program .............................. 66.6
Percent of ownership of projects by members 80
Average number of new farm skills per
m em ber ............................... 13
Number of chapters having project tours.... 127
Percentage of chapters having project tours.. 93.4
Percent of chapters having photographed pro-
ductive enterprises ...................... 21.2
II. Cooperative Activities


Business
Buying
Selling
Productive
Miscellaneous


Chapters
Participating
106
117
122
122
104


No. of
Activities
313
558
543
464
358


Value of
Activities
$118,765
$151,786
$195,753
$ 95,462
$ 45,536


III. Community Service
Percent of chapters sponsoring
community services .......... 67%
Percent of chapters participating
in improvement of crops and
livestock .................... 89%
Preventing losses from diseases,
pests and injury............. 16,711 Head
Amount of food preserved ......409,345 Pints
37,059 Lbs. Meat
'0,169 Lbs. Lard
Conserving Resources
Soils ............................... 16,498Acres
M anures ............................ 11,853 Tons
Protected forest .......................78,148 Acres
Forests planted..................... 2,565 Acres
J. F. Williams Memorial Forests
(Established and/or care) ............. 20 forests
Percent of chapters participating in
community beautification .......... 37%
Percent of chapters participating in
improving farm homes & other
buildings ............... ......... 80%
Percent of chapters repairing and
reconditioning farm homes & other
buildings ....................... 90%
Percent of chapters participating in
improvement of health in rural
areas, including "Farm Safety".... 70%
Percent of chapters participating in
assisting needy farm families...... 50%
Needy farm families assisted by
chapters ....................... 461 Fam ilies
Percent of chapters that put on a
community display............... 70%
IV. Leadership
Percent of chapters having FFA
Banquet ............... ..... 89%
Percent of members participating in
2 or more contests ............... 54%
Percent of members qualified and re-
ceiving Chapter Farmer Degree... 87%
Percent of members qualified and
applying for State Farmer Degree.. 55%
Percent of Florida quota (8) elected
to receive American Farmer Degree 100%
Percent of chapters with organized
leadership training program ...... 20%
Percent of chapters making edu-
cational tours ................... 70%
Percent of chapters having two news-
paper articles per month in local
papers ......................... 70%


Percent of chapters having articles in
"State" newspapers and magazines 73%
Percent of chapters having one radio
program ..................... .. 40%
Percent of chapters having one civic
club program ................... 70%
Percent of chapters having officers'
jackets ......................... 50%
Percent of chapters having State FFA
Quartet, Harmonica, and String
Band Contests broadcast, and State
l'ublic Speaking Contest winner's
speech broadcast ................ 75%
Percent of chapters having twelve
chapter articles in State newspapers 70%
Percent of chapters having library
equipped with agricultural maga-
zines and at least 10 books....... 83%
Percent of chapters procuring all eli-
gible boys as members............... 95%
Number of chapters sponsoring a
Young Farmer Organization ......5 local chapters
V. Earnings and Savings
Amount earned by 125 chapters........ .$78,540
Amount in Government bonds purchased
by 20% of chapters .................. $21,264.75
Average labor income from Supervised
Farming, per member................. 113.00


MEMBERS OF the Trenton and Bell F.F.A.
Chapters made a very interesting trip to
Mexico this summer.
The first night of the trip was spent at
Pensacola. From there the group motored
to Houma, Louisiana by way of New Or-
leans, over the famous Huey Long Bridge,
and saw the Mississippi River in its flood
stage.
Two days were spent at Houma, wait-
ing for a spring in one of the buses to be
repaired. Houma, a predominantly
French settlement, extended hospitality
in the gracious manner of the Old South.
The chapter members visited an oil well
and a sugar mill and enjoyed swimming
in the city pool. They were photo-
graphed and interviewed by the local
press during their stay.
From Houma they went to Brownsville,
Texas by way of Houston. Enroute they
saw rich oil wells' and large ranches.
Texas has had a severe drought and some
parts had had no rain in two years. Car-
tle were being shipped out to grasslands
in Oklahoma or wherever ranchers could
rent pastures.
Another impressive feature of the trip
was the ride through a 6o-mile desert
stretch.
In the Rio Grande Valley which has
very much the same climate as Florida,
they saw the orange groves that were
killed by last winter's freeze.
Chapter members stayed in Browns-
ville, right on the Mexican Border, for
two days, and visited Mexico, having
been cleared by immigration officials on
both sides of the border. They hired a
guide to help them see and appreciate the
various sights. They also went to a mar-
ket and purchased souvenirs, finding that


VI. Conduct of Meetings
Percent of chapters holding two out-
school meetings per month during
year ............................. 75
Percent of chapters having local meet-
ings of 90 minutes or more .......... 80%
Percent of attendance at local meetings 71%
Percent of membership with dues paid
by December 1st.................. 72%
Percent of chapters with complete para-
phernalia ............ 95%
Percent of members owning an F.F.A.
M annual .......................... 72%
Percent of chapters using Parliamentary
Procedure at all meetings........... 95%
Percent of chapters using official Sec-
retary's and Treasurer's Books...... 80%
VII. Scholarship
Percent of members making a grade of
85 or more in all high school subjects 70%
VIII. Recreational Activities
Average number of chapters with 10
or more recreational activities during
year ............... 5.
Average number with 20 or more events
in all kinds of recreational activities .


American money had 8 times the value
of Mexican.
On the return trip they went through
San Antonio, stopped over at New Braun-
fels in the great deer country of Texas.
At Austin, Texas, they visited the Univer-
sity of Texas and the Museum, then they
came on to Jackson, Mississippi by Shreve-
port, Louisiana, crossing the river at his-
toric Vicksburg. They rested one day in
Jackson, and stopped at Panama Beach
on the way home.
The chapter members were accom-
panied on the trip by their Chapter Ad-
visers, two bus drivers, and two friends
who were in charge of the cooking. The
buses for the trip were made available by
the County Superintendent and the
School Board.


FFA to Aid Growing

Civil Defense Program

FLORIDA'S FUTURE Farmers are the latest
volunteers to .throw their weight behind
the rapidly growing Civil Defense Pro-
gram, says Col. R. G. Howie, Director
of the State home front protection
project.
Future Farmers agreed to take an
active part in Civil Defense at their
Annual State Convention at Daytona
Beach in June.
Colonel Howie was pleased to learn
that the State Association with 7,500
active members, in 138 local chapters,
will include Civilian Defense in Com-
munity Division of their Annual Pro-
gram of Work, and urged that local
advisers and chapter committees contact
local defense units.


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951


Trenton and Bell Chapters Make


Educational Trip to Mexico



































Levy County Florida Future Farmers and their


advisers at Mammoth Cave, Kentucky.


Levy County Chapter Sees Six

Southern States in Annual Tour

By G. W. PRYOR, Williston Chapter Adviser, TVilliston, Florida


THIRTY-ONE ACTIVE leaders in Future
Farmer work in Levy County made a very
successful eight day educational trip in
July which carried them into six Southern
states and enabled them to see the de-
tailed work of some of the South's im-
portant industries and best farming areas.
While in Birmingham supervised tours
were made through the huge American
C-st Iron & Pipe Company plant, where
they saw raw products melted into a glow-
ing liquid mass and made into soil pipes
from two to forty-eight inches in diameter;
they were conducted through a large news-
paper plant, through the huge Stockham
Valves and Fittings factory. They toured
Red Mountain and climbed the stairway
inside the cast iron monument to Vulcan
at the top.
In Atlanta the group was conducted
thru the General Motors Assembly plant
and watched in fascinated amazement the
seeming ease with which cars are put to-
gether on an assembly line, then visited
the Cyclorama and Zoo in Grant Park.
They saw the colorful Cherokee In-
dians in the Cherokee Indian Reservation,
toured thru the beautiful Smoky and
Cumberland Mountains, were conducted
thru the Atomic Museum at Oak Ridge,
ate dinner at the site of the Norris Dam
and drove across the top of the dam and
viewed Norris Lake; Stayed overnight at
Mammoth Cave National Park and visited
the cave next morning; Toured thru
wonderful farm land in North Carolina,
Kentucky and Tennessee; Visited the
Parthenon building in Nashville, ate din-


ner at the Maxwell House and attended
the Grand Ole Opry.
The Future Farmer tour was under the
supervision of G. W. Pryor, and P. T.
Dicks, Vo-Ag. teachers at Williston and
Chiefland respectively. The trip was the
result of cooperative planning and work
extending over a year on the part of those
concerned. The Levy County School
Board helped greatly by assigning school
busses for the trip. The Board of County
Commissioners and several business firms
in Levy County helped to make the trip
possible. Each boy making the trip con-
tributed to a mutual expense fund which
was used to buy groceries along the road.
While traveling, sandwiches were made
by a special committee and served at con-
venient roadside parks.

A six-year old was getting ready for his
first day of school, and his mother was
very sad at the thought of her baby
growing up and leaving her every day.
As they drove toward the school, the
child turned to his mother consolingly.
"Don't take it so hard, Mom. Just as
soon as I learn to read the comics by
myself, I'll quit."

"MY BOY," said the successful man lec-
turing his son on the importance of
thrift, "when I was your age I carried
water for a gang of bricklayers."
"I'm proud of you, father," answered
the boy. "If it hadn't been for your
pluck and perseverance, I might have
had to do something of that sort myself."


Labelle Chapter Issues

Financial Statement

THE FINANCIAL statement recently issued
by the Labelle F.F.A. Chapter shows: 1.
Sources of chapter's income, 2. investment
of chapter funds; 3. business basis for
chapter business and 4. profit on the year's
activities.
Chapter Receipts
F.F.A. Dues............ .......... 58.00
Sale of H ogs...................... 324.00
Sale of Tomatoes.................. .46.60
Sale of Squash.................... 286.00
Sale of Strawberries. ............... 20.25
Sale of Sweet Corn................. 42.65
Sale of Calves..................... 148-51
Broiler sales and Est. sales.......... 313-75
Tractor custom work.............. 101.44
Tractor rental .................... 16.40
Tex Benny Doss show ............ 14.86
Marionette show ................ 44.06
Proceeds of candy, etc., sold at
functions .................... 28.52
Sale of magazines..... ............. 6.oo
Basketball games admission........ 34.15
FFA articles of clothing............ 156.26
Sale of dump truck........... ... 5.00
Memory book sales. ............... 11.75
F.F.A. Calendar ................... 429.00
Bar-b-que ....................... 215.65
Trapping quail ................... 76.00
Miscellaneous sales .............. 12.05
Florida Assoc. judging prizes.......... 5.00
Loans and donations............... 156.85
T otal ........... ........... $2,607.15
Chapter Disbursements
Tractor payment and interest......$ 686.40
Tractor expense................... 66.70
Purchases of hogs, calves, chicks.... 190.40
Cost of Marionette Show........... 35.00
Cost of seed, feed, spray, fertilizer... 608.41
Cost of candy, etc. for functions..... 12.98
Magazines subscriptions............. 5.00
Visiting team shares of game receipts 17.07
FFA clothing and degree pins...... 181.45
Printing calendar and picture...... 18o.oo
Cost of Bar-B-Que............... 124.40
Payments to boys for trapping quail 61.50
F.F.A. Dues ........ .............. 57-00
Materials for tractor sprayer........ 10541
Cost of Memory Books and Sweet-
heart jacket .................. 22.91
Labor ........................... 29.15
Brooders and waterers ............. 18.10
Hand pitcher pump............... 5-90
Shop materials and well drilling
m materials ...................... 24.41
FFA manuals and seed corn........ 15.65
Film for filmstrip of project........ 3.60
Student record folders............. 1.40
Post for hog pen .................. 6.00
Estimated repay of loan.............. 5750
T otal ...................... 2,516.37
Balance
Brought forward July 1, 1950...... 17-36
CASH ON HAND ............ 108.14

AN AMERICAN sentry and a Russian sentry
were standing guard at a German zonal
border. The American looked at his
watch and said: "Only 15 minutes until
I'm relieved. Thank God!"
The Russian said: "In a quarter of an
hour I'll be relieved too. Thank Stalin!"
The American, somewhat startled, said:
"That's a funny thing to say. What
would you say if Stalin were dead?"
"Thank God!" replied the Russian.


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951











Gunter Wins Honors in Speaking


BILLY GUNTER, Suwannee FFA Chapter
at Live Oak, won the State Public Speak-
ing Contest and the Tri-State and placed
second in the Southern Regional Public
Speaking Contest.
The title of his speech is RESEARCH,
EDUCATION, AND ACTION-OUR KEYS TO
SURVIVAL. The text of his speech is as
follows:
"Since the beginning of time man has
depended upon the soil for his existence.
As he climbs ever higher up the. ladder
of his development, both mental and
industrial, his abuse of our most valuable
possession, the soil, seems to grow ever
greater.
I doubt if any subject for Future
Farmer speaking has been more popular
than that of conservation, so I do not
propose to elaborate on the phases that
have been so ably covered here in the
past. Let us proceed to that part of
history where predatory soil practices
have stripped bare great areas of our
world's surface where once fertile fields
were to be found.
In the words of Jacks and White,
authors of Vanishing Lands, we find an
eloquent description of these losses. I
quote these authors: "The deserts of
North China, Persia, Mesopotamia, and
North Africa tell the same story of
the gradual exhaustion of the soil as
the increasing demands made upon it
by expanding civilization exceeded its
recuperative powers. Soil erosion, then
as now, followed soil exhaustion. The
early home of Chinese civilization in the
northwest loessial region now resembles
a huge battlefield, scarred by forces far
more destructive than any modern
engines of war. Over vast areas the once
deep and fertile soil has gone completely,
and as it was washed away it tore gaping
chasms, sometimes hundreds of feet wide
and deep, through the underlying loess
and deposited the eroded materials on
the valley plains and in the river and
the sea. The Yellow River and the
Yellow Sea are aptly named for they are
colored with the yellow subsoil that still
pours into them from the now barren
loessial hinterland. There are other
rapidly eroding regions and great muddy
rivers in China, but the gutted North-
west and the Yellow River are the out-
standing and eternal symbols of the
mortality of civilizations." End quote.
China, because of its ancient civilization,
leads in humanity's race to destroy the
soil.
In the United States, agriculture has
steadily progressed and expanded, but it
has left a heavy toll of erosion. Within
a comparatively short time, water and
wind have flayed the skin off the un-


protected earth, causing widespread de-
struction, and we have been forced to
realize that this is the result of decades
of neglect. You know of these areas of
loss from your studies and I am sure you
have thought about them. Many think-
ing people today are concerned with the
evergrowing world population and the
ever narrowing proportion of productive
soil per individual. For my part, I do
not want to exaggerate the importance
of this problem. Conservation alone is
not going to save the world. Neither is
an economic, political, or educational
program alone going to solve our
problem. All of these must work to-
gether to solve our soil dilemma. No
program, however, is going to succeed
unless soil conservation is given a
prominent place in the study.
William Vogt, in his book Road to
Survival, said: "a conservation program,
my experience shows, inescapably rests
like a tripod on three legs; research,
education, and action on the land.
These must function simultaneously if
the structure is not to collapse." Now,
consider with me, if you will, how re-
search, education, and action, each can
do its part in solving our conservation
problems.
Without research we shall not know
what we are doing. We shall make
mistakes of great cost and physical dam-
age to our remaining resources. With-
out research we will attempt to trans-
plant systems of land management from
successful environments to those where
success is foredoomed. Without research
we shall neglect vast riches that would
become valuable additions to our ever-
growing population demands. Through
research our knowledge of forage values
and growth requirements for rehabili-
tating deteriorated areas will grow. Re-
search will bring us the answers to the
interrelations of soils, climate vegetation,
and plant and animal life. Sound,
adequate research will result in vast
savings of time and wealth.
Education and research are inseparable.
Too often our research technicians are
not capable of facing changing condi-
tions. They seem to know everything
about their work except its ultimate pur-
pose. It has been said that an individual
with a broad liberal education can better
face these changing conditions because
he has a flexible approach to changes
that research brings. Effective conserva-
tion has been made impossible in many
sections of our country by our failure to
recognize the necessity of scientific treat-
ment. As an example, if one of our
family becomes ill we carry him or her
to the family physician. He may send us


to a specialist for diagnosis and treat-
ment. Is it not queer then that we turn
the problems of flood and the subsequent
erosion over to the U.S. Army engineers?
These men were not trained for conser-
vation, and, as a consequence, their flood
control planning stops at the riverbank.
We need to send land surface problems
to our specialists, the soil conservationists,
who think first of the watershed; not the
riverbed.
Emphasis on the causes and effects of
resource depletion must be hammered
into the consciousness of every human
being. Every educational device must
be used: radio, newspapers, television,
motion pictures, and last, but far from
least, our public schools and colleges
must be used as well. It will be from
the nation's schools that the millions of
needed conservation workers will come.
Their training should first be concerned
with reducing destruction. Then they
must learn of man's ecological place on
this planet.
Research and education are futile
unless we put into action the knowledge
gained from these sources. This means
we must practice control of the hydro-
logic cycle through forest protection, con-
trolled grazing, and improved farming
methods. There will be a great need of
resettlement for millions of people-
people who are now living on eroded,
non-productive lands. There will be a
need of greatly increased production per
acre. Management of the land must
start on the hilltop, not the riverbottom,
for it is on the hilltop where raindrops
first strike the soil.
A respected author has had much to
say on the subject of our remaining
resources. I have read carefully his
writings and am convinced his state-
ments are sound. I wish to quote in
part the words of William Vogt, the
author of whom I speak. "If we our-
selves do not govern our destiny, firmly
and courageously, no one is going to do
it for us. Democratic governments are
not likely to set forth on such a program
unless the people themselves lead the
way. We must recognize our responsi-
bility as world leaders in this problem.
We must recognize that an eroding hill-
side in China can and may affect the
living standards of us here in America.
Above all else we must realize our de-
pendence upon the earth and the natural
resources with which it sustains us."
The foreword of the 1938 Yearbook of
Agriculture says very aptly: "The earth
is the mother of all of us, plants, animals,
and man. The phosphorus and calcium
of the earth build our skeletons and
nervous systems. Everything else our


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951









bodies need, except air and sunshine,
comes from the earth. Nature treats the
earth kindly. Man treats her harshly.
He overplows the cropland, overgrazes
the pastureland and overcuts the timber-
land. He destroys millions of acres com-
pletely. He pours fertility year after
year into the cities, which in turn pour
what they do not use down the sewers
into the rivers and oceans." I believe,
and hope you too will agree, that we
have reached the crossroads where we
will either go ever upward through re-
search, education and action, or start on
the road to world poverty."


FFA Delegates
(Continued from page 7)
William Timmons, President of the
Quincy FFA Chapter which won the
Chapter Contest, will attend the Con-
vention, accompanied by some other
members of the Quincy Chapter.
Billy Fish of the Taylor F.F.A. Chap-
ter and his Chapter Adviser, Fred Shaw,
will go to the Convention as a result of
Billy having won the State Forestry
Contest sponsored by the Seaboard Air
Line Railroad Company. Wesley Goff
and his Chapter Adviser, B. R. Mills, of
Suwannee Chapter (Live Oak) will also
go to the Convention as a result of the
Suwannee Chapter having won the
Chapter Forestry Contest sponsored by
the Junior Chamber of Commerce.
Tom Rowand and his Adviser of the
Williams Memorial Chapter at Live Oak
will attend the Convention as Tom was
the Feeder Steer Award winner in the
Contest sponsored by the Florida Cattle-
men's Association.
Ralph S. Carver, Adviser of the
Alachua F.F.A. Chapter will take the
State winning Livestock Judging Team
to the Convention and the American
Royal Livestock Show where they will
judge Livestock, Meats, and Poultry
Products. The team members are:
Ralph W. Cellon, Jr.; Lamar Dupree;
Lamar Malphurs; and John Richard.
Others who plan to attend the Con-
vention are: Johnny Eubanks, State
Farm Electrification Award winner of
Bristol FFA Chapter, and his Chapter
Adviser, W. R. Tolar; Robert A. Gunson,
Adviser of the Clay Chapter at Green
Cove Springs; R. H. Hargrave, Adviser
of the Lakeview Chapter at Winter
Garden; Nat Storms, Adviser of Wimau-
ma, and Sam Love, Adviser of the
Summerfield and Weirsdale Chapters and
some members of the chapters.

JUNK MAN: "Any old beer bottles you'd
like to sell, lady?"
OLD LADY: "Do I look as though I drank
beer?"
JUNK MAN': "Any vinegar bottles you'd
like to sell?"


THE "
COMMERCIAL BRNK
LOCALLY OWNED Trut Company
OCALA* FLORIDA
Member Federal Deposit Insureice Corpoketi*e
Member Federel Reserve System












Methods for Improved Pastures On



Flatwoods Discussed by Clymore


by C. N. CLYMORE
IT I important to s:u:ly pasture establish-
ment on flatwoods because of the large
number of acres of this type of land in
Florida. There are between 10,000,000
and 20,000,0ooo acres of flatwoods in Flori-
da. Also, this type of land is cheaper and
easier than cleaning up hammock land,
and the nature of the soil is of such mois-
ture content that legumes may be suc-
cessfully grown in combination with pas-
ture grasses.
The trees found in the flatwoods are
longleaf and slash pine, and cypress in
the bayheads that are scattered over the
flatwoods. Typical shrubs found in the
area are wax myrtle, gall berry, saw pal-
metto, and runner oak. The grasses com-
mon to this area are wiregrass, some of the
drop seed grasses, some of the panicum
grasses, and carpet grass.
The soils found in the flatwoods can be
classified and identified under two head-
ings: the imperfectly drained soils of the
flatwoods themselves where pine and pal-
metto are found and the poorly drained
soils of the cypress ponds and bayheads
in the flatwoods. Four soil types are as-
sociated with the imperfectly drained soils,
and five types with the poorly drained
soils. Probably the soil most widespread
in flatwoods is Leon. This soil is grey
to light grey in color at the surface and
has very little humus in the top soil. The
sub soil is white in color and there is a
hardpan from 18 to 24 inches from the
surface. Another soil type is the St. Johns
which is the same as Leon except that
there is more organic matter in the top
layer of soil, thus causing it to look darker.
The only difference is that the St. Johns
has three or more inches of organic mat-
ter at the surface.
Another type of soil found in the flat-
woods is called Ona. This is the same as
Leon type except that there is no leached
area below the surface.
The last soil type found in the flatwoods
is Scranton. This is called a traditional
soil because it is found in areas where the
flatwoods change into another type of
area called high pine-turkey oak areas.
The soil type foud there is Lakeland or
closely allied type, and Scranton type
soil is intermediate between the two soil
groups.
Keep in mind now that all these soils
are closely allied and the distinction be-
tween some of them is rather fine. For
instance, the Imokalee type of soil is
found in the flatwoods and is practically
the same as Leon except that there is no

16


hardpan. Instead of hardpan there is an
area of brown stained soil where the hard
pan is in Leon. Another similar appear-
ing soil is Plummer. This type has a grey
surface over a light grey subsoil. As stated
before there is no hardpan and there is
no clay within 30 inches of the surface.
Rains soil is the same as Plummer except
that there is clay found within 30 inches
of the surface.
Another type found here is Rutledge.
1This has a deep dark soil over a light
colored sub-soil with no clay within 30
inches of the surface.
There are many of these cypress ponds
that it would not be practical to try to
clear up completely, but it is profitable
to clear up around them as much as pos-
sible. This is true because the poorly
drained soils have more organic matter in
the top soil .and are therefore richer in
plant nutrients. Also, there is an abun-
dance of moisture which permits good
growth of legumes grown in combination
with the grass.
These soils are not naturally very fer-
tile, but good yields of pasture can be ob-
tained by the application of commercial
fertilizers. Also, the soils found here
are acid and it is necessary to add cal-
cium in the form of lime to make these
soils alkaline enough to grow some grasses
and legumes.


The following

Cost of
Application
$2.00
2.00
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
2.00


Material Used
Domolitic limestone
Calcic limestone
4-12-6
6-6-6
o-14-o1
Superphosphate
Rock phosphate
Copper sulphate
Zinc Sulphate
Manganese sulphate


The cost of clearing this type of land
depends on the vegetation, stumps, and
other factors present. Some flatwoods
have been cut over and there is naturally
a heavier growth on some flatwoods than
others. Generally speaking though, it
will cost between $20.00oo and oo.oo an
acre depending on such things as vegeta-
tion, who owns the machinery to do the
work, and how much of your own and
hired labor is used.
It has been found that spending a little
more money in preparing a good seed-
bed for the pasture pays well. Disking is
usually done and will cost about three or
three and a half dollars an acre depending
on the size of the disk used. Sometimes
the land is prepared by using a light
chopper. It should be remembered that
the top soil here is thin and should not
be turned over. In fact, the less the soil
is disturbed, the better it will grow grass.
Getting a suitable seed bed with as little
disturbance of the soil as possible is the
main problem in clearing and planting
land to grass.
Experiments have shown that best re-
sults can be expected by using the
amounts of fertilizer shown, but the
amount of lime to use is variable. The
soil should be tested for acidity before the
lime is applied because some soils are na-
turally more acid than others and would


Cost of
Material
$ 7.35
5-5"

10.00

8.oo
8.0o
1.50
.82
.6(


Amt.
i ton
i ton
300 lbs.
500 lbs.
500oo lbs.
400 lbs.
I ton
15 lbs.
to lbs.
15 lbs.


Total
$ 9.35
7.5
6.50
11.25
8.75
5.25
10.00


The three minor elements listed are mixed with the other materials and
so there is no extra cost to apply them.
The following table gives several varieties of grasses and legumes with the
amount to use and the approximate cost. Of course, Pangola grass and coastal
Bermuda grass are sprigged or clippings are covered and these clippings are
treated as seed in the following table:
Cost to Amt. used Cost
Seed per Acre of seed Total
Common Bahia grass $1.50 15 lbs. $4.50 $6.oo
Pensacola bahia grass 1.50 1o lbs. 6.00-9.00 7.50-10.50
Pangola grass 450 500oo lbs. 2.00-5.00 6.50- 9.50
White clover 1.50 5 lbs. 5-25 6.75
Mixed clover 1.50 12 lbs. 5.65 7.15
The clovers in the mixture are white. Hubam, and black medic.


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951


table will give you an idea of how much to apply to the land
before planting either grasses and/or legumess










therefore need mole lime in the initial
and subsequent application. It is fairly
easy to determine the acidity of a soil by
using a soil tester to determine the pH or
relative acidity or akalinity of a given soil.


War Veterans Make



Progress During 1950


L I


Above, W. J. Cooley, an On-Farm Trainee
at Jay, is the proud owner of this modern
brick home, constructed by him at a re-
latively low price; below, this livable home
belongs to Oscar Bryan, a veterans On-
Farm Trainee at Walnut Hill. .He con-
structed this house at a low cost while en-
rolled in the program.


Ic


At top, George R. Hornsby, Hubert H.
Creel, and D. E. Timmons, Jr., Veterans
Teachers, are shown mixing concrete with
the aid of two fellow teachers at the Wau-
chula Septic Tank demonstration. The
drain field can be seen in the background.
Below, Dan Allen, Veterans Teacher,
(right front with shovel) is shown work-
ing on the cover slabs, assisted by fellow
teachers at the Plant City Septic Tank
demonstration.


DURING THE year 1950, five thousand, six
hundred and forty-two trainees were en-
rolled in the Veterans On-the-Farm Train-
ing Program in Florida. Of this number,
2,955 were owners, 1,550 renters, 961
sharecroppers, and 176 Plan B.
During the year 154 changed from
sharecroppers to owners, 224 from renters
or sharecroppers to owners, and 96 from
Plan B to Plan A.
Loans were obtained by 403 trainees
from F.H.A., 159 from P.C.A., and 70 from
the Federal Land Bank.

II. Land
Total
Total Parti-
ITEMS Units cipating
1. Owned .............. (acres) 230,853 3,129
2. Purchased During Year (acres) 115,634 867
3. Rented .............. (acres) 176,130 1,737
4. Sharecropped ........ (acres) 93,319 1,034
5. Cleared ............. (acres) 29,971 1,650
6. New Fences ...........(rods) 359,183 2,154


III. Buildings
1. Farm Buildings Constructed... 2,538
2. Dwellings Constructed......... 346

IV. Soil Conservation
1. Terraces Constructed or
renovated ......... (feet) 1,690,394
2. Ditches Constructed or
Cleaned ........... .(feet) 1,281,864
3. Land Reforested.....(acres) 1,543
4. Soil Limed ......... .(acres) 24,111
5. Cover Crops Planted.. (acres) 31,396
6. Cover Crops Turned
under-Green ..... (acres) 34,166
7. Soil Tested for pH... (acres) 34,786
8. S.C.S. Farm Plans
prepared ........ (farms) 716
9. Trainees Participating P.M.A.
Program .................

V. Feed Crops Grown
1. Total Acres ................ 281,829

VI. Improved Pastures
Acres
1. Established ................... 20,982
2. Fertilized ..................... 18,193
3. Mowed or Chopped ..........16,102

VII. Food
1. Family Milk Cows
(producing) ......(No.) 4,346
2. Home Garden (year
round) ........... (No.) 3,827
3. Meat Cured (live
weight) ....... (pounds) 1,093,260
4. Home Laying Flocks (No.
flocks) .................. 3,982
5. Fruit Trees Trans-
planted ........... (No) 47,019
6. Foods Canned: (total qts.)
Fruits ................... 168,783
Vegetables ............... 411,858
M eats ................. .'. 160,930
7., Frozen Foods: (total lbs.)
Fruits ................... 14,176
Vegetables ............... 45,173
M eats ................... 227,789
Fish ..................... 1,410

VIII. Seed Harvested
I. Farm Use ..............(lbs) 716,605
2. Grass ..................(lbs) 8,680
3. Bulbs Harvested........ (No.) 101,500


1.
1,411 2.
352 3.
4.
5.


IX. Livestock
No. of Head
Hogs Qwned .....(breeding) 37,744
Pigs Raised .................. 81,734
Sows bred to purebred boar.... 6,978
Dairy Cattle Owned (breeding). 6,227
Dairy Calves Raised........... 4,632
Beef Cattle owned (breeding) .22,922
Beef Calves Raised ............ 11,939
Beef Animals Fed for Market .. 5,299
Cows Bred to purebred Sires .... 10,866
Commercial Layers ........... 209,552
No. replacement pullets raised 166,567
Workstock Owned ............ 3,996
Workstock Purchased ......... 577

X. Home Improvements
Number
Lawns Prepared, Fertilized
and Seeded .................. 954
Dwellings Painted Inside........1,010
Dwellings Painted Outside...... 827
Dwellings Wired for Electricity 863
Running Water Installed........ 654
Dwellings Screened ............. 949
Bathrooms Installed ............ 427
Sanitary Privies Constructed .... 762
Farm Buildings Repaired ........2,170

XI. Farm Machinery Purchased
Tractors and Equipment.......... 644
Combines ....................... 15
M owers ........................ 116
Wagons and Trailers..............103
M miscellaneous ................... 755


123 XII. Improved Practices Carried Out
1. Acres of Crops Having Approved:
125 a. Fertilizing Practices ...... 100,137 3,875
225 b. Seed Varieties ...........101,027 4,337
184 c. Insect Control ........... 64,137 3,517
173 d. Disease Control ......... 56,253 3,361
e. Grading and Marketing 53,669 3,556
370 f. Harvesting and Storing... 51,176 3,025
100 g. Irrigation .............. 21,545 551
2. Number of Livestock:
793 a. Fed approved Min'l Mix..249,833 3,579
b. Fed Balanced Ration.... 230,819 2,669
186 c. Treated for Int. Parasites 188,267 3,219
d. Treated for Ex. Parasites 204,829 3,267
e. Treated against contagious
Diseases ............... 213,223 3,190
f. Followed Planned Breeding
programs ............ 35,118 2,023
g. Cows Tested for TB
and Bangs ............ 8,372 1,841
i82 h. Poultry Housed
176 Adequately ................ 872,327 2,668
103 i. Poultry Culled for
Efficient Prod. ........254,662 1,996
j. Animals provided Green Winter
Grazing ........... 56,849 2,078
3. Equipment:
568 a. Stored adencately (No. f'ms) 3,880 3.047
b. Repaired (No. items) .....19,476 4,225
!03 c. Painted (No. items) ...... 7,516 2,488
d. Constructed (No. items)
168 Mineral Boxes ......... 3,067 2,110
Self Feeders ............ 2,073 1,343
)82 Gates ................. 4,703 2,232
Farrowing Houses ...... 588 447
i98 Others ................. 3,142 1,953
4. Cooperative Activities:
i81 a. Purchases (value) ......$447,480 1,134
152 b. Sales (value) .......... 332,450 341
119

182 POLICE JUDGE: "Well, Rastus, about your
147 son stealing those chickens, I've decided
)75
40 to let him off this time, but why don't
you show him the right way?"
RASTUS: "Ah done tried hard, Judge, but
he just goes and gets hisself caught any-
10 how."


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951
























George Ford, 15, Quincy FFA Chapter, with his Grand Champion Jersey Cow; Calvin
Crawford for the Marianna FFA Chapter with his Grand Champion Guernsey in the
West Florida Dairy Show.-Photo courtesy Dothan Eagle.


Ford, Crawford Win at


West Florida Dairy Show


GEORGE FORD of the Quincy F.F.A. Chap-
ter and Calvin Crawford of the Marianna
Chapter entered the champions of the
West Florida Dairy Show held at Chipley
on August 16 in the City Park.


Ford's cow was judged best animal in
the Jersey class. The Guernsey champion-
ship went to a nine-months old heifer
owned by Crawford. Ford received a
Jersey bull calf, and Crawford a Guernsey


bull calf, gifts from the Florida Jersey
and Guernsey Clubs.
Crawford and two other Marianna
F.F.A. Chapter members, James and Wil-
liam Rehberg, won the F.F.A. Judging
Contest. The Quincy judging team placed
second.
Entries of 4-H and F.F.A. members were
judged together for the first time at the
Show. Animals were placed in three
classes: Junior heifers, Yearling heifers,
and cows. Each entrant was assigned a
Blue, Red, or White Ribbon. Breed
Champions were then selected from the
Blue Ribbon Winners.
Among Adult Winners at the show were
W. L. Ford of Quincy, Father of George
Ford, the Champion Jersey exhibitor. Mr.
Ford won the Adult Judging Contest.
He's a former F.F.A. member from Ma-
lone. J. D. Fuqua of Altha, Father of
Don Fuqua, Past President of the Flori-
da Future Farmers Ass'n, was runner-up.
T. M. Love, Chipley F.F.A. Adviser,
served as ring-master for the show, and T.
L. Barrineau of the State Department of
Vocational Agriculture was one of the
show officials.

A GIRL applied for a job as a stenogra-
pher and they gave her a test in spelling.
"How do you spell Mississippi?" she
was asked.
"The river or the State?"


9 q


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951


OLD IN SERVICE...

...YOUNG IN IDEAS


The 42 years' experience of Jackson Grain represents a "combine" of
theory and practice that's hard to beat practical knowledge, gained the hard way
during many years of service to Florida farmers, backed up by the very latest in scientific
research and laboratory tests.

This priceless fund of knowledge is at your disposal. Bring your problems to us.
Take advantage of our constant study, research and experimentation in all agricultural fields-
feed, seed, fertilizers and insecticides.


MANUFACTURERS AND DISTRIBUTORS SINCE 1909





TAMPA FLORIDA


WsEL
SINCE 1909









wanca is based on a four fold develop-
ment-physical, mental, social, and re-
ligious. By means of questionnaire and
interview, the campers discover their
needs along these lines and a program
is worked out which will help to meet
those needs.
"Fellowship with other leaders in-
stilled in us a respect and desire to
learn more of youth activities and pro-
grams. We met State F.F.A. Presidents,
Vice Presidents, Advisors, and experi-
enced a great exchange of ideas and
accomplishments with other states.
"One of our proudest moments came
when the camp director selected three
boys from the group for parliamentarians.


From all types of youth organizations
represented, he specified F.F.A. members
because, he said, "I have found that in
their training, they stand out above
others in methods of parliamentary
procedure."
The Florida delegation received recog-
nition in several ways during camp. Don
Fuqua was elected Vice President of the
group. Don also appeared during one
evening's entertainment, giving a mock
political speech. On State night, Don,
Copeland, and several other Florida boys
presented a popular skit on Camp. Both
Don Fuqua and Copeland Griswold re-
ceived Danforth Pins and George Stone
received a Danforth Leader's Pin.


Camp Miniwanca

Visit Enriching

REPRESENTATIVES OF the Florida Associa-
tion who attended Camp Miniwanca for
a two weeks leadership course in August,
returned to Florida grateful for their
experiences.
According to Copeland Griswold, State
F.F.A. President, "Our trip was a very
enriching one and has given us ideals
and ideas to improve our State and Local
organizations. We wish to thank Mr.
Danforth for the scholarships to attend
camp, and the Florida Association for
sending us to represent the Association."
Each year the American Youth Foun-
dation holds a two-weeks leadership
course for Christian Leadership Training
of boys in Camp Miniwanca at Shelby,
Michigan. Selected by the Florida As-
sociation to attend this year were, in
addition to Copeland, Don Fuqua, past
State F.F.A. President, and George Stone,
Vocational Agriculture teacher at Tate,
Florida.
Upon their arrival at the Camp they
were each assigned to a different tent
(each of which had six boys and one
adult teacher). The entire camp of ap-
proximately 350 boys was divided into
56 "Indian Tribes" under the direction
of a "Tribal Chief".
A typical daily schedule included rising
at 6:00 a.m. for flag raising, exercises,
and a swim in Lake Michigan. Morning
temperatures ranged around 48-55 de-
grees. The swim was followed by a
period of quiet and meditation and
prayer before breakfast. Classes were
from 8:30 til 12:3o, with another hour
of classes after lunch and rest. Everyone
then participated in athletics for an
hour, after which came a free period for
sunning, boating, rest, or chatting.
Dinner was followed by evening vespers.
Night "doings" took the form of "tribal"
contests, talent entertainment, etc., and
this ended at the 9:30 p.m. curfew.
Leadership training at Camp Mini-


Control at the proper time is of extreme importance regardless
of what the situation may be. Control of persistent fungus dis-
eases on crops is of major importance to the grower. The first
step in the right direction is to insist on a fungicide of proven
merit... Insist on a TC fungicide.
DEMAND that your local dealer furnish you Tennessee Tri-Basic
Copper Sulphate when buying Copper dust mixtures.

TRI-BASIC Copper Sulphate is a chemically stable copper fungicide
containing not less than 53% metallic copper. TRI-BASIC Copper
Sulphate can be used as a spray or dust on practically all truck crops
and citrus crops. Control persistent fungus diseases-correct copper
deficiencies from a nutritional standpoint. Use TC TRI-BASIC Copper
COFtl suLPHAIi Sulphate.
S COP-O-ZINK is a new, neutral copper-zinc fungicide containing
42% copper and 11% zinc. COP-O-ZINK gives a superior perform-
i ance in control of fungus diseases. COP-O-ZINK composition of two
essential elements gives it added value in correcting deficiencies of
zinc and copper and in stimulating plant growth. COP-O-ZINK is
comparable with all inorganic and organic insecticides. No lime is
required For use in spraying or dusting.

NU-Z contains 55% metallic zinc. It
is a neutral zinc compound which does
not require the addition of lime for
direct foliage application. NU-Z gives s
excellent coverage and adherence to
plant foliage, thus rendering it available 11"1 0re te
over a longer period of time. Safe for h Gt, A i rant
direct application. For zinc deficiency *o. a,
( and plant nutrition use as spray or
dust.


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1951








NOD-0-GEN

Pre-Tested Inoculant
for
Lupine
Vetches & Peas
Clovers
also all other Fall Planted Legumes


Nod-O-Gen is a Florida favorite for many years. It is absolute top
pre-tested for your protection.


quality and


Insist that your dealer supplies you with Nod-O-Gen.


Do not accept substitutes. If he has none in stock, he can get it for
from the following Florida distributors: -


Simpson Nursery Co.
Florida Feed & Seed Co.
Johnson Bros.


you quickly


- Monticello
- Ocala
- Gainesville


FARM LABORATORY DIVISION
Chicago 90, Ill., P. 0. Box 788
THE ALBERT DICKINSON CO. Founded 1854




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