Front Cover

Group Title: Florida future farmer
Title: The Florida future farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076598/00029
 Material Information
Title: The Florida future farmer
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Kissimmee Florida
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Agricultural education -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1938-
Numbering Peculiarities: Volumes for 1956-1957 both numbered v. 17.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076598
Volume ID: VID00029
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01405300

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
Full Text

JULY, 1950

State Adviser's
Annual Report Published

Winners Listed in

State Competitions





A-- i~. .nj
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& 44

Like the Texans inspecting a son of Emperor in the picture above, most
people enjoy seeing good cattle. They realize that good cattle don't just
happen. It takes breeding, it takes feeding and it takes hours of patient
gentling to produce a prize winner.
As most of you know, our breeding is based on the blood of Emperor
because we have found that his sons and daughters are easier fleshing and
easier handling.
If you are interested in bulls which will put more beef on your range
cows, we invite you to be a visitor at Heart Bar Ranch and see for yourself.

Registered and grade Brahman
bull calves for sale.

Heart Bar Ranch
Phone 5603



Death of

Henry C. Groseclose
Virginia announced the death of Henry
C. Groseclose. His death on June 4 in
Bluefield Hospital brought to an end a
career of outstanding achievement in the
vocational agriculture field and FFA or-
Henry C. Groseclose was one of the
pioneers in agriculture, in Virginia and
the United States during its most critical
period. He was nationally known as one
of the founders of the Future Farmers of
America. The constitution, by-laws, and
ritual of the national organization were
largely the work of this versatile man.
For more than twelve years, he was asso-
ciated directly with the national F. F. A.,
first as executive secretary-treasurer and
then as treasurer.
A native of Virginia, Mr. Groseclose at-
tended Washington and Lee University
and the Virginia Polytechnic Institute, re-
ceiving both the Bachelor's and Master's
degrees in agricultural education from
the latter institution. He served the pub-
lic school system of Virginia for twenty-
seven years as teacher, high school prin-
cipal, teacher-trainer in agricultural edu-
cation at V. P. I., State Supervisor of Sec-
ondary Instruction, and as division super-
intendent of schools in Bland county.
Mr. Groseclose possessed one of the
most genial personalities with which a
public educator could be endowed. Dur-
ing his active career, he made more friends
and exerted a greater influence over the
lives of more young men than could ever
be enumerated.
Mr. Groseclose will be missed. He was
an inspiring teacher and a wise counsellor.
He believed in the Future Farmers of
America and in vocational agriculture and
interpreted the total program as a vital
part of America's democratic way of life.

Flame Hoe Saves Labor
WHAT IS BELIEVED to be the only flame
hoe in the State of Florida is owned by
James W. Cook, a trainee in Paxton.
Cook has a thirty acre cotton allotment.
With this labor saving device he can hoe
his cotton for thirty cents an acre, whereas
the cost would be. about four dollars an
acre if he had to depend on labor.
After two years of experience with this
hoe, he has found it leaves him more time
to grow feed for his cattle and hogs.

The Cover The Quincy FFA
Chapter String
Band, 1950 State Champions. entertain-
ing at the annual Banquet at the State
Convention, June 29, 1950-William Tim-
mons, Harry Howell, George Johnson,
Tommy Betts, Jack Peacock, and Wesley

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950


U j

By Way of Editorial Comment:

Our Responsibilities


RECENTLY I had an interesting visit with an agricultural scientist
from Germany who had traveled over much of the United States.
He was a keen observer and was greatly impressed with the
productivity of American
agriculture. Yet that
which impressed him most
was our lack of apprecia-
tion for our freedom and
for the many material ad-
vantages which we enjoy.
We have a strong tenden-
cy, according to him, to
take for granted our many
privileges and opportuni-
ties. No doubt there is
much truth in his observa-
tion. Lack of apprecia-
tion does extend into
many aspects of our
In agriculture, we often
fail to appreciate the con-
tributions which were
made in bringing about
our present development.
We are so occupied with
DR. REITZ present problems that we
forget discoveries which are now commonly accepted practices.
Progressive and imaginative farmers have made great contribu-
tions in developing better farming methods. Again research
workers in our state agricultural experiment stations and other
research agencies have made great discoveries for the improve-
ment of agriculture. Were it not for the findings of these
scientists the, agriculture of Florida would not exist as we know
it today. Better varieties of crops and breeds of livestock,
improved nutritional programs for crops and livestock, constant
improvement in controlling insects and diseases, better farm
management and improved marketing practices all stem from
research which has been carried on over the years. This is a
rich heritage.
Research discoveries are of no avail, (Continued on page 12)

Published four times per year, January, April, July, and October by the Cody
Publications, Inc., Kissimmee, Florida for the Florida Association,
Future Farmers of America
President................................ .. .. ........... Don Fuqua, Altha
Vice President .............................. Donald Plunkett, Turkey Creek
2nd Vice President ...............................Lehman Fletcher, Live Oak
3rd Vice President .................................... .Pat Thomas, Quincy
4th Vice President ................................. Harold Swann, DeLand
5th Vice President ................................... Er ie Redish, Clewiston
6th Vice President..............................Eugene Walding, Bethlehem
Executive Secretary ................................A. R. Cox, Jr., Tallahassee
State Adviser.................................. .. H. E. Wood, Tallahassee
President .................................. George J. Lewis, Hersman, Illinois
Ist Vice President ............................ J. Rogers Fike, Aurora, W. Va.
2nd Vice President .............................Joe B. King, Petaluma, Calif.
3rd Vice President ..................... Meril T. Cartwright, Bonneville, Miss.
4th Vice President ............................ Glenn F. Lackey, Delaware, O.
Student Secretary ........................ Donald Bakehouse, Owatonna, Minn.
Executive Secretary. ....................... A. W. Tenney, Washington, D. C.
Executive Treasurer......................Dowell J. Howard, Winchester, Va.
National Adviser .......................... W. T. Spanton, Washington, D. C.



is durable

money-saving construction

Experienced farmers
know that when they
build new farm structures
first cost isn't the only
consideration. Of equal
importance are future up-
keep and life of the

For thrifty farmers con-
crete masonry is the ideal
structural material. Its
first cost is moderate. Its
maintenance expense is
low. It lasts a lifetime.
That adds up to low-an-
nual-cost construction.

Besides, concrete mason-
ry can't burn. It can't
decay. It defies rats, ter
mites and storms. Then,
too, concrete masonry
farm structures are dry
and comfortable.



Hoe Houts

Call on your local con-
crete products manufac- -
turer for help in using
concrete masonry con-
struction. Always insist O t7 a HO s 'S
on concrete masonry units
which comply with the specifications of the American
Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) .

Hurt Bldg., Atlanta 3, Georgia

A national organization to improve and extend the uses of
portland cement and concrete.. .through scientific research
and engineering field work

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

State FFA Adviser Outlines Work

Of Future Farmers During 1949-50

by H. E. Woon, State Adviser
DURING the past year, seven new chapters
were added or re-established, and twen-
ty-five new advisers were employed. With
over 6900 members, an increase of 13.6%
over last year's membership, the Florida As-
sociation will be entitled to seven Amer-
ican Farmers this year.
Chapters throughout the State partici-
pated in many events, including: tours of
other states, experiment station farms, and
visits to other chapters; members of local
chapters presented programs before civic
organizations; 'and many Future Farm-
ers received awards for their outstanding
work during the year.
Florida's full quota of six American
Farmer Degrees,were awarded. Four mem-
bers were accepted for the National Chorus
and three for the National Band. The
DeLand and Paxton chapters were award-
ed Gold Emblems. The National Conven-
tion exhibit, featuring shade tobacco, was
prepared by the Quincy chapter.
The Florida Association sponsored the
"Doyle Conner" special train to the Na-
tional Convention with over two hundred
members and friends from Florida, and
over one hundred F. F. A. members and

their friends from Georgia, Alabama, and
Tennessee, to honor our National Presi-
dent from Florida.
The annual Future. Farmer Forestry
Training Camp was held at Camp O'Leno,
with 156 members attending. The State
Officers held their first executive meeting
and received annual leadership training
during the second week of the camp. Also,
Florida was the host for the Tri-State Pub-
lic Speaking and Quartet Contests which
were held at the camp. Donald Burch,
past president 1948-49 attended Camp
Miniwanca in Michigan.
At shows and fairs this past year Don
Fuqua, Altha Chapter, exhibited the grand
champion cow in the West Florida Dairy
Show at Chipley, with the Cottondale
Chapter winning the judging. In the
Ocala Hog Show, Donald Burch and Leh-
man Fletcher, Suwannee Chapter, won the
F. F. A. Grand and Reserve Championship
in the barrow class, while H. F. Wiggins,
Jr., Williams Memorial Chapter, exhibit-
ed the F. F. A. Grand and Reserve Cham-
pion sow and boar, respectively, and the
Umatilla Chapter won the judging.
National honors were won in judging
by members and teams from Bartow and

New State Officers for 1950-51 include (from left) Don Fuqua, Altha, president; Don-
ald Plunket, Turkey Creek, first vice president; Lehman Fletcher, Live Oak, sec-
ond vice president; Pat Thomas, Quincy, third vice president; Harold Swann, DeLand,
fourth vice president; Ernie Redish, Clewiston, fifth vice president; and Eugene
Walding, Bethlehem, sixth vice president.

Plant City in the National Dairy Show in
Waterloo, Iowa, and the American Royal
Livestock Show in Kansas City. The Sil-
ver Emblem was awarded the. Plant City
Team and Jimmy Morgan, a member of
the Team, won the Gold Emblem award
as he was the grd highest individual judge
in the nation.
The Bushnell Chapter won the judging
at the All Florida Breeders' Show in Web-
ster. In the West Coast Dairy Show at
Tampa, Turkey Creek Chapter was the
top judging team, and Umatilla Chapter
placed first at the Brahman Show in Ocala.
In Quincy, at the West Florida Fat
Cattle Show, Pat Thomas exhibited the
Grand Champion, took top honors in
Showmanship, and won the Mayo Scholar-
ship. Campbellton Chapter won in judg-
At the Southeastern Fat Stock Show, H.
F. Wiggins, Jr., Williams Memorial Chap-
ter, exhibited the F. F. A. Champion and
Reserve Champion, won the Showman-
ship Contest for the second year, and the
Mayo Scholarship. The DeLand Chapter
won in judging.
The Collegiate Chapter prepared an
exhibit on Future Farmer work for the
Annual Agricultural Fair at the Univer-
sity of Florida, and the Groveland Chap-
ter won the Egg Exhibit.
The chapters in Hillsborough and Polk
Counties participated in outstanding
Youth Fairs at Plant City and Bartow.
The Turkey Creek Chapter won in
judging at the Imperial Brahman Show
in Bartow, and the Sailfish Chapter of
Stuart won in judging at the Southeast
Florida Stock Show in Belle Glade.
At the Florida State Fair, members of
the Florida Association had the largest
exhibit of livestock in the history of the
event and held their annual "F. F. A. Day."
The Quincy and Plant City Chapters won
the top awards for showing in the Sears,
Roebuck Bull Show. Mr. Nathan Mayo
presented rosettes to Donald Turman, Su-
wannee Chapter; Max Carr, Sarasota
Chapter; Jerry Owens, Quincy Chapter;
and Arlene Wetherington, Turkey Creek
Chapter, for showing the top animals in
their class. The DeLand, Turkey Creek,
Tallahassee, and Sarasota Chapters receiv-
ed a purebred heifer each for their out-
standing work with cattle during the past
year. Bartow and Tavares placed first
and second in the livestock judging to rep-
resent the State in national judging next
October at Kansas City, Missouri and Wa-
terloo, Iowa.
A number of forestry activities were
sponsored by the Florida FFA Asosciation

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

during 1949-50. A refore'stration program
was undertaken with 5161 individuals par-
ticipating. Over two (2) million pine
seedlings were planted with 206,160 of
these being planted on part of the 6953
acres in chapter forests. 2995 miles of fire-
lines were constructed; 2163 miles of fire-
lines repaired. 4450 acres of young trees
were trimmed, with improved cuttings be-
ing practiced on 43,171 acres, and 376,835
faces were worked for resin.
Over ninety percent of the chapters had
as the highlight of the year their annual
banquet for parents and friends. Your
State President presented Congressman
Charles Bennett with the Honorary State
Farmer Degree at the Bell and Trenton
Chapters' combined banquets. The de-
gree has been presented to ten outstanding
men during the past year.
Field days were held by the High Springs
and Alachua Chapters and the Suwan-
nee Chapter. The Kiwanis Club of Live
Oak gave the Suwannee Chapter eighty
acres of land to be used for pasture and
Governor Fuller Warren issued a proc-
lamtion for the Annual Future Farmer
Week, which over half of the chapters ob-
served in various ways. Several newspa-
pers wrote editorials and many of the
broadcasting stations had programs con-
cerning Future Farmer work.
Honors were also bestowed on past Fu-
ture Farmer Officers who are now attend-
ing the University of Florida; Sandy John-
son, Past State President, was elected to
the "Hall of Fame"; Earl Faircloth, Past
State. President, served as President of the
Student Body; Doyle Conner, Past State
and National President, was selected as
one of five. outstanding young men in
Florida by the JayCees, and elected as a
member of the 1951 Legislature, represent-
ing Bradford County.
For detailed accounts of the activities
reviewed in this report, refer to the four
most recent issues of the Future Farmer
Magazine, which was published quarterly
in 1949-50; io,ooo copies per issue.

Scrapbook Contest

Won By Live Oak

FOR THE SECOND YEAR in succession, the
Suwannee FFA Chapter of Live Oak, Flor-
ida, won the State Scrapbook Contest, re-
ceiving a $25.00 award and the State Pen-
nant. The following Chapters were top
in their districts and each received a $10.00
award: Vernon, Quincy, Deland, Bar-
tow and Homestead.
The Scrapbooks contained pictures of
members and Chapter Projects; Coopera-
tive leadership, recreational and other ac-
tivities participated in by members of the
Chapters; ribbons won in contests, letters
of commendation and progress of differ-
ent events.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950


Clean Fruit

1 Outside appearance of fruit has a great
bearing on internal quality.
Whether fruit is grown for fresh markets
or cans, adequate care of trees and fruit dur-
ing summer months determines the quality
of the growing crop and health of trees for
future crops.
S A NACO Spray and Dust program can do
the job...well and economically.

,I'ls *on*

C (]'") Ii~ N


10,000 Copies of

The Florida Future Farmer

Were Published for This Issue

F. F.A.

FR100 FR101
Sterling Silver ... $ 3.00 $ 3.50
10K Gold........ 15.00 18.00
*Furnished in sizes only up to 9%1
Prices subject to 20% Federal Tax and any State Tax in effect.


Green Hand, bronze .........................................25c, no Fed. Tax
Future Farmer Degree, silver plate. ..................... 28c, plus 20% Fed. Tax
Belt & Buckle, bronze or nickel finish.................... $2.25, no Federal Tax
Tie Holder, gold plate................... .......$1.40, plus 20% Fed. Tax
All above prices subject to any State Tax in effect.
Write for Catalog

Official Jewelers for F.F.A.



.1C ... nES MACI" sIU m "O""

Contestants for "1950 Sweetheart of Florida FFA" are shown at left, and judges of the contest are pictured at right. Contestants,
with name of sponsoring chapter, are (from left) Carol Elinor, Havana; Helen Johnson, Ocoee; Carlene Young, Clay (Green
Cove Springs); Nerlene Chandler, Graceville; Mary Bell Twitty, Sebring (maid of honor); and Bennie Glenn Condon, Citrus
(Inverness), the State Sweetheart. Right panel shows Senator W. A. Shands, Rep. Ralph Turlington, Gainesville, and Rep. Doyle
Conner, Starke, as they deliver the sweetheart cup to Miss Condon.

Leadership Training Highlights

FFA Convention at Gainesville

ers of America, opened its 22nd annual
Convention and Leadership Training
Conference, June 26, 1950, at the Univer-
sity of Florida in Gainesville. The Theme
of the Convention was "Better Florida
Farming Through Future Farmer Lead-
ership Training", and more than 500 pres-
ent and future leaders participated in its
activities. Words of welcome and greet-
ings were extended to the delegates by Vice-
President Allen, Dr. Johns, and Provost
of Agriculture, Dr. Wayne Reitz, all of
the University of Florida.
Merril Cartwright of Booneville, Missis-
sippi, National Third Vice-President of
the FFA, was honor guest at the conven-
tion and gave a very inspiring message, in
which he highly complimented the pro-
gram and activities of the Florida Asso-
ciation. Our delegates were very happy
to have this opportunity to become ac-
quainted with Merril and hope that he
may again be able to visit the Future
Farmers in Florida.
A highlight of the Convention was an
address by Honorable Tom Bailey, State
Superintendent of Public Instruction.
Supt. Bailey complimented the leadership
training of the Floria Future Farmers,
urged them to consider well their privil-
eges and duties as citizens of our great
Democracy, and challenged them to meet
their opportunities that are now "greater
than ever before in the State of Florida".
Leadership training by the FFA was
also highly complimented by Past Na-
tional and Past State FFA President, Doyle
Conner, and by "Woody" Liles, former-

ly a member of the FFA, and now Vice-
President of the University of Florida Stu-
dent Body.
The Convention's most popular event
was the FFA Sweetheart Contest held this
year for the, first time on a State-wide basis.
Six attractive and talented young ladies
from the 'six FFA Districts of Florida were
guests of their home chapters at the Con-
vention, and contested for the designation
of "Sweetheart of the Florida Association,
FFA." Their friendliness, personalities,
and display of talent at the Wednesday
evening Assembly were heartily welcomed
by the delegates.
Miss Bennie Glenn Condon of the Cit-

rus Chapter at Inverness was selected as
the first Sweetheart of the Florida Associa-
tion FFA, and received a gold loving cup.
Miss MaryBell Twitty of the Sebring Chap-
ter was awarded a Sterling silver dish
as "Maid of Honor". Both of these young
ladies entertained with fine performances
on the piano.
Other District "Sweetheart" winners
who attended the Convention were: Miss
Nerlene Chandler of Graceville, a talented
elocutionist; Miss Carol Elinor of Havana,
an accomplished pianist; Miss Carolene
Young of Green Cove Springs, who dem-
onstrated her talent as an artist in draw-
ing; and Miss Helen Johnson of Ocoee,
who "gets her man" with delicious cake
and other "sweets".
Senator Shands and Representative
Ralph Turlington of Gainesville, and
Representative Doyle Conner had the. dif-

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

President's Message

Fellow Future Farmers:
I take this opportunity to express my sincere gratitude to each and every
delegate to the Convention for showing their faith in me by electing me
to the office of President of the Florida FFA Association for 1950-51.
This is the greatest honor ever bestowed upon me, and I am fully aware
of my duties and responsibilities.
Under the capable guidance of our past officers, we have made
noticeable progress. We owe a debt of gratitude to these leaders of the
past, for their diligence in working toward the advancement of our organ-
With the cooperation of each member and officer of the Florida FFA
and the splendid example set for me by our past leaders, I am inspired
to hope that I will meet each of my obligations during the coming year, in
such a way that our organization will be served best and that 1950-51 will
bring greater achievements and honors for the Florida FFA.

ficult task of selecting the Sweethearts,
who were judged on beauty, stage presence
and talent.
Another first at this convention was the
introduction to the delegates of the newly
adopted State FFA Song. The words and
music of this song were composed by Mrs.
Janice C. Northrop, Choir director of the
University Methodist Church, and wife of
District FFA Adviser, F. L. Northrop. The
State song was enthusiastically received by
the group and has been duplicated by the
State Association to be made available
to all chapters in the State.
Recreational and instructional activi-
ties of the Convention included athletic
and musical events; swimming; a fish
fry, sponsored by the State Association,
FFA a tour of the Experiment Station
grounds, and activities, arranged by Di-
rector W. M. Fifield, with transportation
furnished by the Alachua County Board
of Public Instruction; a special talent en-
tertainment night; and the annual State
FFA Banquet.
In the special Talent Program, the
group was entirely captivated by two ac-
complished boy sopranos, Sheldon Out-
law and Walter Grimsley, accompanied by
Mrs. Charlie Byers, all of Green Cove
Springs. Sheldon sang 'Mother Machree"
and "Night and Day" and Walter enter-
tained with "Shoe Shine Boy" and "Candy
and Cake".
The annual Banquet was held in the
beautiful banquet room of the Univer-
sity of Florida Student Union Building
with 400 Future Farmers, Advisers, and
guests present. President L. C. Vaughn
ably "Toastmastered" the banquet and as-
sured the friendly and happy atmosphere
which prevailed. Mr. J. C. Rogers gave
an appreciative response to the welcome,
extended by State FFA Vice-President,
Alvin Futch. Numerous and varied awards
were made, and the winners heartily ap-
plauded. Thirteen Floridians were pre-
sented the Honorary State Farmer Degree,
and gifts from delegates and State Offi-
cers of the Florida Association were pre-
sented to State Adviser H. E. Wood and
State Executive Secretary A. R. Cox, as
expressions of appreciation for the friend-
ly assistance and hearty cooperation which
these men had given in connection with
the year's FFA activities.
All delegates attending the banquet
were guests of the Ford Tractor Company
of Jacksonville, which, in addition, has
been very helpful to Future Farmers in
local chapters throughout the State.

Chipley Entertainment
sented a "night of entertainment", which
featured music, presents, prizes, and a hat
auction, at the high school auditorium.
Proceers were used to send Future Farmer
members to the State Convention.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

BACK of every transaction at the Standard Oil sign
is public confidence. It is this confidence which en-
ables Standard Oil products to lead the South in
popularity, year after year.





Made Public

WINNERS in the State-wide competition
for the awards made by the Future Farm-
ers of America Foundation, Inc. have been
announced. These awards are given in
each contest to one winner in State-wide
competition with no eliminations in dis-
tricts. Individual winners in the Farm
Mechanics, Farm 8c Home Electrification,
Star State Dairy Farmer, and Soil and Wa-
ter Management Contests each received
$ioo.oo award from the National FFA
A new contest added this year is the
Farm Safety Contest, in which $1oo.oo went
to the Chapter doing the outstanding job
in Farm Safety instructor.
This award went to the Quincy Chap-
ter, of which Pat Thomas is President and
D. M. Bishop, Vocational Agricultural In-
structor. Chairman of the Chapter Safety
Committee was Bobby Woodard.
Safety practices were learned and ob-
served by members in connection with
projects and activities connected with
School Farm Mechanics shop, field trips
community and school projects.

From top to bottom J. F. Bazemore,
Chilean Nitrate Educational Bureau, pre-
sents Leadership awards to Clyde Single-
tary, Allentown; Don Fuqua, A Itha; Harry
Coleman, Trenton; Joe Prevedel, Lees-
burg; Donald Plunket, Turkey Creek:
and Ernie Redish, Clewiston Winners
of the Bankers' Scholarship are shown
with Mr. Floyd Call, (left) executive secre-
tary, and J. C. Rogers, president of the
Florida Bankers' Association. Others,
from left, include Lehman Fletcher, Live
Oak; Fred Pippin, Plant City; Franklin
Roberts, Sopchoppy; Glenn Wade; Wen-
dell Bolden, Poplar Springs Parliamen-
tary Procedure state champions, from
Marianna (from left) are Wilton Miller,
Marlin Waldorf, Daniel Felt, Earl Carroll,
Billy Wright, John Gause and R. F. Toole,
adviser Winners in the Florida State
Cattlemen's Association feeder steer con-
test (from left) George Johnson, Quincy;
Joe Mixon and Bobby' White, Williston;
Laurence Croft, Live Oak; Mort Welling,
Fort Pierce, and the State Winner, Pat
Thomas, Quincy Seaboard Railway
Forestry Winners at the annual conven-
tion banquet include (from left) M. E.
"Red" Coleman, educational director,
American Turpentine Association; R. N.
Hoskins, SAL industrial forester; Franklin
Roberts, Sopchoppy; Billy Fish, Taylor;
Canova Howard, Lake Butler; Guyte
Revell, Bristol; and George Williams, field
representative, Turpentine and Rosin
Factories, Inc., Valdosta, Ga.

The Florida Future Farmer

I. r

Recipients of the Honorary State Farmer Degree (left panel) and Dr. W. S. Cawthon (right) were honored by the Florida Association,
FFA, at the Gainesville convention. Seated (from left) are Dr. 7. Wayne Reitz, L. S. Harris, Harmon P. Morgan, G. IV. Pryor, 0. R.
Farish, and Colin Gunn; standing (from left) are L. C. Vaughn, state FFA president; Matt Matthews, first vice president; Mr. W. A.
Vaughn; Alvin Futch, second vice president; M. R. Avery; Charlie Alford, third vice president; H. G. Clayton; Charles S. Partin;
Howell Waring, fourth vice president; 7. M. Scott; Mittie Bronson, fifth vice president; F. L. Northrop; George Sprinkle, sixth
vice president. Grover Henley was absent when the picture was made. The right panel shows Matt Matthews presenting a plaque
to Dr. Cawthon, past state superintendent of public instruction, who years ago received the Honorary State Farmer Degree from
Gray Miley, first president of the Florida association, who is now superintendent of the Delta Experiment Station in Mississippi.
In intervening years Dr. Cawthon has demonstrated an interest and sympathy for the growing organization, which has endeared him
to all Future Farmers and their friends.

Leadership, Scholarship and Cattlemen's Award Winners

Are Announced During Gainesville Convention

THROUGH the interest and cooperation of 7Scholarships were Wendell Bolden of Pop-

three leading State Organizations, Florida
FFA members have received many valu-
able awards and scholarships. A large
number of the agricultural students have
consequently been encouraged to carry
out better supervised farming programs
and a few have received money or scholar-
ships which enabled them to become even
wiser and better farmers.
Following precedent, these special
awards were made a highlight of the 1950
State Convention Banquet.
J. F. Bazemore, of the Chilean Nitrate
Educational Bureau, long-time supporter
and friend of Florida's Future Farmers,
was on hand to give each of the six boys
who ranked first in their districts in the
State Farmer Contest a $50.oo award to
help defray his expenses to the National
FFA Convention in Kansas City. Clyde
Singletary of the Allentown Chapter in
District I; Don Fuqua of the Altha Chap-
ter in District II; Harry Coleman of the
Trenton Chapter in District III; Joe
Prevedel of the Leesburg Chapter in Dis-
trict IV; Donald Plunket of the Turkey
Creek Chapter in District V; and Ernie
Redfish of the Clewiston Chapter in Dis-
trict VI, were the proud recipients of these
Five boys who have demonstrated su-
perior leadership ability, demonstrated
their skill in successful supervised farm-
ing practice, and shown promise of prof-
iting by college work, were awarded $1oo
scholarships to the University of Florida
by Floyd Call, Executive Secretary of the
State Bankers' Association.
The boys who received these Bankers'

lar Springs, Franklin Roberts of Sopchop-
py, Lehman Fletcher of (Suwannee Chap-
ter) Live Oak, Glenn Wade of Bushnell,
and Fred Pippin of Plant City.
The Florida Cattlemen's Association
cooperated with the State FFA Associa-
tion to promote State Beef cattle produc-
tion by sponsoring the Feeder Steer and
Beef Breeding Contests.
Pat Thomas of Quincy, State winner of
the Feeder Steer Contest, was presented
an award of $100. This money will be
used to pay the National Convention ex-
penses of Pat and D. M. Bishop, his in-
structor, next October.
To Mort Welling of the Ft. Pierce Chap-
ter, Lawrence Croft of Williams Chapter
(Live Oak), Bobby White and Joe Mixon
of the Williston Chapter, George John-
son of the Quincy Chapter, went $1o.oo
awards for State Convention attendance.
Sonny Griffin of the Bartow Chapter
was State winner in the Florida Cattle-
man's Beef Breeding Contest. He was
awarded $1oo toward the purchase of a
purebred beef animal of his choice.
Bobby Woodward and Don Porter of
the Quincy Chapter, H. F. Wiggins, Jr. of
the J. F. Williams Chapter (Live Oak),
Andrew Jackson of the Sebring Chapter,
and Albert Plant of the Madison Chapter,
received $1o.oo awards for State Conven-
tion expenses.

Honorary State Farmers
night of the State F. F. A. Convention, the
members honored individuals who had
rendered outstanding service to the organ-

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

ization by awarding them the Honorary
State Farmer Degree.
Those honored were J. M. Scott, Dairy
inspector, State Department of Agricul-
ture, Gainesville, Colin D. Gunn, Secre-
tary USDA Council, Gainesville, Dr. J.
Wayne Reitz, Provost of Agriculture, Uni-
versity of Florida, Gainesville, Charles P.
Partin, supervising principal, Bradford
School, Starke, Harmon P. Morgan,
Bradford County Superintendent of
Public Instruction, Starke, H. G. Clay-
ton, Director of the Agricultural Ex-
tension Service, Gainesville, Grover Hen-
ley, Times Union Photographer, Jackson-
ville, L. S. Harris, President, Brahman
Breeders Association, Bartow, W. A.
Vaughn, Father of L. C. Vaughn, Bay
Springs, O. R. Farish, Teacher of Voca-
tional Agriculture, Gonzalez, Floyd L.
Northrop, District Supervisor in Agricul-
tural Education, Gainesville, G. W. Pryor,
Teacher of Vocational Agriculture, Wil-
liston, and M. R. Avery, Teacher of Vo-
cational Agriculture at L'eesburg.

Forestry Winners
FRANKLIN ROBERTS, of the Sopchoppy FFA
Chapter, won top honors in the Seaboard
Airline Railway Forestry Contest. Frank-
lin and his Teacher, Fred Johnson, will
go to the National Convention as his
award in being the State winner.
Franklin's forestry program consisted of
working 3500 trees for gum, planting a
pine seedbed, plowing 1i miles of fireline,
planting 3500 pine seedlings, thinning,
and sawing lumber for building a home
and several cabins and boats. Besides be-



Future Farmers
are always welcome!



We commend to FFA
members the reforesta-
tion and fire prevention
program of the State of



State Farmer

Degrees Awarded

To Eighty-Two

The State Farmer Degree was conferred upon
82 members with a total labor income of $137,-
765.43, of the Florida Association at the State
Convention. Winners with chapter, age and
total labor incomes, are as follows:

ing President of his local chapter, he has
37 head of hogs for meat, i acre sugar
cane, 2 acres sweet potatoes, 25 bee hives,
and 2 acres of vegetables.
Billy Fish, Taylor FFA Chapter, won
$20.00 for second place, and Canova How-
ard, Lake Butler, FFA Chapter, received
$15.00 for third place, and Guyton Revell,
Bristol FFA Chapter, received $1o.oo for
fourth place.
Sponsoring the cooperative FFA For-
estry Program are: The American Turpen-
tine Farmers Association, Valdosta, Ga.,
Rayonier, Inc., Fernandina; National
Container Corporation, Jacksonville;
Brooks-Scanlon, Inc., Foley, Fla., and the
Seaboard Air Line Railroad Company, In-
dustrial Department, Norfolk, Va.

Farm Mechanics
CLARENCE B. GULSBY, of the Tate Chapter,
was winner of the Farm Mechanics Award.
Young Gulsby owns a 30' x 3o' home farm
shop, which he operates to construct
and maintain machinery, equipment, and
buildings for the home farm. He has
done considerable work for others, too,
and with his father operates a feed and a
grist mill. He has converted his shop
equipment from gasoline to electric power
wired his and other homes, and installed
home and farm conveniences for himself
and others. He owns about $2500 of farm
equipment half interest in $257.00 worth
of other equipment, in addition to his
shop and equipment. Since his father
turned the home farm shop over to him,
Clarence has added equipment valued at
about $1oo00. Some of this he constructed
himself, the rest he purchased with money
from hi's FFA projects or borrowed from
the bank.

"Pass the Chicken, Pappy"

IN THE "Pass the Chicken, Pappy" Ban-
quet Contest, sponsored by Sears, Roebuck
& Co., chicks are given to FFA Chapters
upon application, and awards presented
to the chapters that do the best job in
growing the chicks to broilers to furnish
the meat for their annual FFA Chapter
banquets. Mr. W. C. Greenway, of the
Public Relations Department of Sears,
Roebuck & Co. presented the awards.
The Chapters and prizes received are
listed in each District in order of their
District I, Vernon, $25.00; Baker, $15.00;
Poplar Springs, $1o.oo.
District II-Sopchoppy $25.00, Bristol
$15.oo, Malone $1o.oo.
District III-Columbia (Lake City),
$25.00; High Springs, $15.oo; Callahan,
District IV-Bushnell, $25.00; Tavares,
$15.00; Groveland, $10.00.
District V-Bradenton, $25.00; Plant
City, $15.00; Bartow, $1o.oo.
District VI-Sebring, $25.00; Redland,
$15.00, Ft. Pierce, $1o.oo.

Mahlon McLaughlin, Allentown 17
Clyde Singletary, Allentown 17
Eugene Trawick, Allentown 19
Hilton Meadows, Bethlehem 16
Eugene Walding, Bethlehem 17
Charles Boland, Chipley 19
William Noah Griffin, Chipley 22
Eugene Swearingen, Chipley 17
Bruce Christmas, Cottondale 16
Coston Brunson, Paxton 18
J. W. Hayes, Paxton 16
Virgil Peacock, Marianna 17
Ewell Tadlock, Ponce de Leon 19
Wendell Bolden, Poplar Springs 17
R. W. Franklin, Poplar Springs 18
Merwyn Barrineau, Tate 18
Anthony Fillingim, Tate 17
Clarence Gulsby, Tate 17
Edward Lassiter, Vernon 18
Onus V. Williams, Vernon 16
Roland Griffith, Walton 18
Don Fuqua, Altha 16
Wallace O'Bryan, Altha 17
Wallace Peacock, Altha 16
Billy Shepard, Greensboro 16
Frank Rowan, Greensboro 16
J. W. Dedge, Jasper 17
Maurice Cone, Madison 17
John Dixon, Madison 17
Leonard Thurman, Madison 13
Tom Wooten, Monticello 17
Carlton Bob Butler, Quincy 17
John Walker Edwards, Quincy 16
Maxwell Goza, Quincy 18
Pat Thomas, Quincy 16
Franklin Roberts, Sopchoppy 18
John L. Alvarez, Bradford 20
Glenn L. Conner, Bradford 17
Harry Nelson Green, Bradford 17
Harold K. Norman, Bradford 18
Arnold Bell, Callahan 16
James Carter, Ft. White 18
Rodney Dicks, Lake City 16
Arthur Sasser, Lake City 16
C. W. Clemons, Live Oak 17
Charles Collins, Live Oak 18
Lehman Fletcher, Live OaIt 16
Arnold Hayes, Live Oak 18
Talmadge Lord, Live Oak 18
Harry L. Coleman, Trenton 20
Felton Rogers, Trenton 18
Glenn Wade, Bushnell 16
L. C. Cannon, Chiefland 15
Jimmy Dreggars, DeLand 16
Harold Swann, DeLand 19
Joe Prevedel, Leesburg 18
Jerry Spears, Leesburg 15
Leroy Baldwin, Ocala 17
Cedrick Smith, Reddick 15
Dewey Snowden, Summerfield 16
Eugene Bass, Bartow 17
Marvin Brethauer, Bradenton 18
Gilford Chaucey, Bradenton 16
Jack Henderson, Ft. Meade 17
La Rue Bell, Plant City 19
Fred Pippin, Plant City 18
Ralph S. Wilhelm, Sarasota 17
Grady Croft, Turkey Creek 17
Jurl Mansell, Turkey Creek 18
Donald Plunket, Turkey Creek 17
Arlen Wetherington, Turkey Crk 17
Charles R. Cowart, Wauchula 16
Lawrence Shackleford, Wauchula 16
Vernon Morgan, Wimauma 17
Kenneth Simmons, Wimauma 19
Ernie Redish, Clewiston 17
Bill McIntosh, Ft. Pierce 19
Joseph W. Teague, Ft. Pierce 18
James W. Welling, Ft. Pierce 18
Raymond Carley, Miami-Jackson 17
Alfred Meeks, Pahokee 17
Ralph Hollenberg, Sebring 18

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950


$ 411.65


$ 646.29




we can do
to assist you
with your


OWND Trust Companq

Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporaotion
Member Federal Reserve System

Trenton Wins

State Chapter

place in the 1949-50 Chapter Contest,
sponsored by the Chain Store Council of
Florida. The Allentown and Quincy
Chapters won 2nd and 3rd place, respec-
tively, in the State. The top two chapters
will be entered in the National Future
Farmer Chapter Contest. The Trenton
Chapter received a total of $50.00 in U. S.
Saving Bonds, as winner in both the State
and District. A special rotating plaque
was presented to the President of the Tren-
ton Chapter by J. E. Gorman, Executive
Director of the Council, at the annual
banquet. Allentown and Quincy received
extra awards of $15 and $o1, respectively,
in addition to the district awards as shown.
The chapters winning in the six districts
of Florida (winning a $25.00 Savings
Bond as first prize, $15, $12, and $o1 in
U. S. Savings Stamps for second, third,
and fourth place, and $5 in stamps to the
fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth place) in
order of their placing, are as follows.
District I-Allentown, Paxton, Vernon,
Escambia Farms, Tate (Gonzalez), Baker,
Ponce de Leon, Poplar Springs.
District II Quincy, Blountstown,
Greensboro, Havana, Monticello, Altha,
Madison, Jennings.
District III-Trenton, Suwannee (Live
Oak), Branford, Bell, Bradford (Starke),
Clay (Green Cove Springs), Hastings, Bill
Sheely (Lake City).
District IV-DeLand, Ocala, Seminole
(Sanford), Webster, Chiefland, Bushnell,
Tavares, Weirsdale.
District V-Plant City, Bartow, Turkey
Creek, Brandon, Ft. Meade, Palmetto,
Largo, Bradenton.
District VI-Stuart, Ft. Pierce, Ft. Myers,
Lake Placid, Pahokee, Clewiston, Moore
Haven, Homestead.

Parliamentary Procedure
mentary Procedure Contest, receiving
$25.oo, a pennant, and the right to keep
the Alpha Tau Alpha rotating cup for
one year. Milton Miller, Earl Carroll,
Daniel Pelt, Marlin Waldorf, John Gause
and Billy Wright were the members of
the championship team. Largo won the
2nd place award of $20.00; Suwannee (Live
Oak) placed third, receiving $15.oo; fourth
place and $12.50 was won by Clewiston.
Umatilla and Quincy placed fifth and
sixth respectively, each receiving $1o.oo.

To ERNIE REDISH, President of the Clewis-
ton FFA Chapter, went the $1oo.oo award

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

Mr. 7. E. Groman, Florida Chain Store Council, presents to Horace Francis Arring-
ton, president of the Trenton Chapter, the rotating plaque as state winner in the
chapter contest. Mr. Torn Bailey, state superintendent of public instruction, and
H. E. Brown, Trenton adviser, stand by.

in the State Farm and Home Electrifica-
tion Contest. During the summers, Ernie
works in partnership with his brother, an
electrical contractor, and consequently, has
had a great deal of practice in wiring farm
homes and buildings and install electrical
appliances and equipment. For his own
farming use, his electrification activities
have helped especially in his poultry pro-
duction enterprise and in grading and
packing the crops he uses. Ernie has one
more year in high school agriculture and
he plans for a future to include further
study in agriculture in college and under-
taking cattle as a business. He will serve
the State FFA Organization as 5th Vice-
President for the. coming year.

Soil, Water Management

IN THE STATE Soil and Water Management
Contest, Delmus Steele of Baker was the
winner. He received the award on the
basis of his conservation practices carried
out on his home farm, and community ac-
tivities in the interest of better conserva-
tion. On his home farm, he has planted
2 acres of pine seedlings, put firebreaks
on 44 acres, protected 20 acres of natural
forest from livestock, and has 44 acres
of protected pine, carried out drainage
and terracing projects, and improved his
soil for crop production by extensive
planting of cover crops.
Details of the Star Dairy Farmer Con-
test appear on page 13.
Donald Plunket, Star State Farmer Win-

ner story will be carried in the October

For Better Beef

to add



Use time tested



F O R tE



There was music every day at Gainesville Upper left shows the Quincy state champion band, broadcasting over WGGG, Gaines-
ville radio station, during the convention. Pictured are L. C. Vaughn, 1949-50 state president; Rep. Doyle Conner, past state
and national FFA president; Wilton Miller, leader of the Marianna state champion parliamentary procedure team; and Merrill
Cartwright, third national vice president of FFA, honored guest at the state convention Lower left panel shows State Adviser H.
E. Wood with the harmonica contestants. Hubert Fowler, Frinh chapter adviser, holds the state winner pennant At right is the
Stuart chapter quartet, 1950 state champions, including (from left) Benny Fulton, bass; Steven Huddle, baritone; Paul Mispell,
second tenor; and Jim Hutchinson, first tenor.

Champion String Band, Quartets, Harmonica Artists were

Greatly in Demand During Gainesville Meeting

String Band, Quartettes, and Harmonica
players were in great demand during the
Convention for Radio programs, in the
meeting, and the barracks.
The Quincy Chapter String Band of
jugs, guitars, a washboard, and a mandolin
played by Tommy Betts, Wesley Good-
son, George Johnson, Jack Peacock, Harry
'Howell and Sonny Burke won the State
Championship, receiving an award of
$25.00. This band was featured during the
Convention meetings and on several ra-
dio programs. The Lake Butler band was
second with a prize, of $15.o0, and Kath-
leen received $1o.bo for third place; Chief-
land and Baker followed in order given,
each receiving $5.oo awards.
The Stuart Quartet, consisting of Benny
Fulton, Ist Bass; Steven Huddle, Bari-
tone; Paul Mispell, 2nd Tenor; and Jim
Hutchinson Ist Tenor, received $25.00 for
ist place in the State. The Paxton Quar-
tet was second with a prize of $15.oo, and
Bartow received $o1.oo for third place;
Quincy and Columbia (Lake City) fol-
lowed in the order given, each receiving
$5.oo awards.
The Harmonica players held forth on

Wednesday night prior to the selection of
the State Sweetheart. Hubert Fowler of
the Frink FFA Chapter received $1o.oo
for his playing of two solos. Millard
Gomillon of Walton (DeFuniak Springs)
won the second prize of $8.oo, and Chris

Alisi of Leesburg placed third for $7oo.
Doyle Magoteau of Wimauma, Jack Mc-
Elfresh of Stuart, and Billy Giddings of
Palatka, won fourth place through sixth
places, respectively. Each winner received

Editorial: Our Responsibilities

(Continued from page 3)
however, if not applied. Here is where
the Agricultural Extension Service with its
specialists and county agent system and
the Smith-Hughes program with its voca-
tional agriculture teachers make their con-
tribution.. To every farmer and rural
youth in Florida the fruits of the latest
research findings are available. This sys-
tem of adult and youth education to pro-
mote a better agriculture is one which
merits our appreciation.
Future Farmers of America and all rural
youth can and should be thankful that
they live in a land and in a time when
agricultural research and educational pro-
grams are geared to their needs. This is
a part of our total American heritage.
That heritage imposes responsibilities. It

demands our help in the solution of
problems yet unsolved. It requires the
exercise of leadership in bringing about
further improvements in rural life. It
challenges the best that is in us. By meet-
ing that challenge we can best express our
appreciation for the contributions which
have been and are being made on our

Slash Pine Planted
MEMBERS of the Bill Sheely Chapter, un-
der the direction of their Adviser, Mr. J.
L. Dunaway, have recently planted sev-
eral slash pine seedlings on the site of the
new City Sanitary Fill and Garbage Dis-
posal Unit. This constitutes a community
service project rendered by local members.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

Don Fuqua is

Florida Star

Dairy Farmer

ToP HONOR in the Florida Star Dairy
Farmer Contest and the FFA Foundation
Award of $1oo.oo go to Don Fuqua of
For hi's first project in vocational agri-
culture, Don has 16 dairy cows. The prev-
ious year, has father had added dairying
to their farming program. Don, as the
oldest of three sons, was automatically se-
lected to operate the dairy while his father
was kept busy managing the rest of the
farm. Milk was cheap that year, but Don's
labor income was $2,850.97, nevertheless.
With money previously made on poultry
and watermelons, Don purchased a one-
fourth interest in the dairy with an option
to buy another fourth the following year.
By using a few War Bonds and money
saved from previous projects, he did pur-
chase this fourth interest, and holds a
50'% ownership in the dairy.
He has increased the original herd of
16 dairy animals to 75 of the Jersey breed.
The combined value of dairy stock he
owns exclusively and his share of stock
owned in partnership is $5900.00. Esti-
mated value of his dairy equipment (in-
cluding his share of partnership) is
$1132.oo00. He has built and reconditioned
some of this equipment.
In 1946, a dairy heifer he showed at
the West Florida Show at Chipley placed
second. In 1949, at the same show, an ani-
mal which Don exhibited won the Grand
Champion Award of the FFA division and
a blue ribbon. He exhibited eight other
animals which won 2 blue ribbons, 5 red
ribbons, and I white ribbon. He received
a total of $77.00 in cash and a purebred
Guernsey heifer. He also placed in dairy
judging contests.
He has served as President and Vice-
President of his chapter and as delegate
to the State and National Convention, and
will serve as the State FFA President this
year in addition to holding office in other
school and community organizations. He
is a member of the Farm Bureau, The
Dairy Ind. Assn. N. W. Florida Milk Pro-
ducers Assn.
He plans to enter the University of
Florida and major in Dairy Husbandry.
After graduation, he will purchase the re-
maining interest in his father's dairy, and
plans to take over the management of
the 433 acre farm.
During the summer of .1948, when his
father was sick and confined to the house
from June through October, Don had a
sample of what his future will hold.
This was one of the farm's most success-
ful years.
Don was awarded a plaque from South-

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

Mr. Tom Bailey, (top panel) state super-
intendent of public instruction, presents
the Southern Dairies Superior Achieve-
ment plaques in Dairying to Don Fuqua.
star state dairy farmer, and Arlen Weth-
erington, top district winner. In lower
picture E. T. Lay, executive secretary of
the Florida Dairy Industries Association
presents Wetherington, Turkey Creek,
the FDIA cup for showing the Grand
Champion FFA heifer at the 1950 Flor-
ida State Fair in Tampa. Presentation
was made at the 1950 state banquet.

ern Dairies, Inc. as State winner. To each
of the following boys, Southern Dairies.
Inc. gave $25.oo for placing first in their
districts: James Jones, Chipley; Joe Reg-
ister, Graceville; Billy Gunter, Suwannee
(Live Oak); Edward Goodyear, Ocala;
Eugene Pratt, Brandon, and Arlen Weth-
erington, Turkey Creek. Arlen received a
plaque as the best boy among the six
district winners.



Rotating Cup

ARLEN WETHERINGTON of the Turkey Creek
F. F. A. Chapter was presented with the
Florida Dairy Industries Rotating Cup at
the Annual State F.F.A. Banquet by E.
T. Lay, Executive Secretary of the Florida
Dairy Industries. Arlen won this cup for
exhibiting the Grand Champion F.F.A.
Dairy heifer at the State Fair in Tampa
and his splendid work with dairy animals.
He is planning on continuing to increase
and improve his herd and pasture.

Demonstration Farm

County School Board, V. R. Ferguson, Vo-
cational Agriculture Teacher at Starke,
presented a plan for the purchase of a
demonstration farm to be used by the
Bradford Chapter of Future Farmers of
America. The proposed farm contains 300
acres and can be purchased over a 2o-year
period. The Board has agreed to proceed
with the plan as outlined by Mr. Ferguson.

Lewis Scholarship

ALEX DEWAR, a member of the LaBelle
FFA Chapter, is the winner of a Lewis
Scholarship. Alex's scholarship is for $400
per year, and will be available to him each
year he remains in a qualified college in

Members of the Florida Association, FFA, who received the State Farmer Degree at the
1950 FFA State Convention in Gainesville, are shown in the picture above.

Walton Chapter

L Back from Trip

" To New York


S* .
i. '. *-g i

Bronson softballers defeated Havana in the finals, 21 to 6, for the championship.
In top panel they are (left to right, front to back) Elton Dobb, Wayne Parnell, Clinton
McKoy, Winfield Wilkerson, Franklin McKoy, Ted Guilford and Victor Shealy; Adviser
G. W. Pryor, Wallace Jones, G. Berryhill, Jimmy Weeks, Joe Berryhill, G. W. Pettaway,
Pat Smallwood, Pat Wasson, and A. P. Mclntire. Bottom panel shows H. E. Wood,
state FFA adviser, presenting $100 checks on behalf of the Future Farmer Foundation,
Inc., to the 1950 state winners: Pat Thomas, president of the Quincy chapter, winner of
the chapter farm safety award; Don Fuqua, Altha, Florida FFA president, 1950-51 and
winner of the State Star Dairy award; member of the Baker FFA chapter representing
Delmus Steele, Baker, winner in the State Soil and Water Management Award; Ernie
Redish, Clewiston, winner of the State Farm and Home Electrification Award; Clarence
B. Gulsby, Tate (Gonzalez), winner of the State Farm Mechanics Award, was missing
from the picture.

Bronson, Ocoee, Win Championships

In Softball and Horseshoe Pitching

BRONSON FFA Chapter Softball team won
the State Championship by defeating the
Havana FFA team in the finals by a score
of 21 to 6.
Chipley did the best in holding the Bron
son team since they lost by a score of
2 to 4. Bronson then won from Miami-
Jackson 18-11, to meet Havana in finals.
Havana had little trouble in winning
their first game 13 to 2 from Brandon,
then scored a 17 to 11 victory over Bran-
ford, only to lose to Bronson in the finals.

Ocoee FFA Chapter won the State
Horseshoe Pitching Championship from
Clewiston in the finals.
L. C. Fox and Raymond Bruce pitched
horseshoes for Ocoee.

Havana FFA Outing
Chapter, along with their Adviser, Mr. O.
E. Yearty, went to Panama City Beach for
a week-end recently.

Chapter (DeFuniak Springs) Future Farm-
ers of America, report that the annual sum-
mer trip really was a great experience.
This year's trip was to New York City.
An itinerary was planned to provide in-
teresting stop-overs and scenic drives all
the way up and back. Arrangements were
made with local Chambers of Commerce.
for stays in their cities. Stops were made
in Macon, Georgia; Cheraw (South Caro-
lina) State Forest; Byron Park, Richmond,
Virginia; Front Royal, Virginia; and
Asheville, N. C. While in Washington,
the group stayed at the National FFA
Camp, and in New York City, at the
Solane House (YMCA).
The boys reported finding the people
of Richmond the most hospitable of any
encountered on their trip. While in this
city, they visited the Church where Patrick
Henry made his "Give me Liberty or give
me Death" speech. Also, the Church Lee
and Davis attended, the Confederate Mu-
seum in Davis' former home, and the State
Capitol where the Hondan Statue of
Washington is located. While in Wash-
ington, they visited the Smithsonian Insti-
tute, Lincoln Memorial, Washington
Monument, the Library of Congress, Ar-
lington, the Lee Mansion, Jefferson
Memorial, spent thirty minutes at a ses-
sion of the U. S. Senate, and had a chat
with their Congressman, Hon. Robert F.
In New York, the Walton Future Farm-
ers visited Rockefeller Center, Coney
Island, took a tour on an open bus through
Chinatown, the Bowery, Harlem, Broad-
way, Fifth Avenue, Millonaires Row, etc.,
and saw how the Statue of Liberty looks
on a boat trip around Manhattan.
Driving over the beautiful Skyline Drive
of the Blue Ridge was a thrilling experi-
ence on the return trip.
The boys were accompanied by their
Chapter Adviser, Mr. W. L. Kilpatrick,
who helped them make plans for their
trip. They traveled in a school bus fur-
nished by the County and driven by two
men with special drivers licenses. Tents
borrowed from the local National Guard
Unit were used, and the group prepared
most of their own meals. The menus were
planned and food selected with the help
of Mrs. Roland Wise, Home Economics
Expenses, including the bus, insurance
and food, totaled $500.00, $300oo.oo of which
was furnished by the Chapter and $2oo.00
by members making the trip.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

Kilpatrick Wins Annual Public Speaking Contest With

Discussion of Importance of Farm Forestry in Florida

Chapter, won the Public Speaking Contest
at the State Convention. He spoke on the
subject "The Importance of Farm For-
estry in Florida" (which is given in this
issue of the Magazine). He will represent
Florida in the Tri-State Contest to be held
at the Georgia FFA Camp, August 3. He
received a check for $1oo.oo from the Fu-
ture Farmer Foundation, and the Baker
Chapter received the State Champion pen-
nant from the Florida FFA Association.
Other speakers in the contest, in order
of their placing were: Marvin Whitten,
Ft. White; Bobby Woodward, Quincy;
Mittie Bronson, Ocoee; Billy Nail, Clewis-
ton; and Barry Coleman, Sarasota.
Contestants at the State Convention had
won in their Chapter, Sub-District, and
District Public Speaking Contests. Each
participant must write a speech of his own
choosing and answer questions about it
asked by the judges.
The other contestants spoke on the fol-
lowing subjects:
Bobby Woodward, Quincy, "Import-
ance of Soil Conservation".
Marvin Whitten, Ft. White, "The Back-
bone of Our Nation".
Mittie Bronson, Ocoee, "Keeping Flor-
ida Green".
Barry Coleman, Sarasota, "Future Farm-
ers of America a Link in the Backbone of
Our Nation".
Billy Nall, Clewiston, "Conservation in
the Everglades of Florida".

Rural Minister of Year
FLORIDA'S Rural Minister of the year, as
announced in the July, 1950, issue of the
Progressive Farmer, is Rev. Daniel F. Pelt
of Jackson County. Rev. Pelt is the Pastor
of several Baptist Churches in West Flor-
ida. In addition, he operates a 402-acre
farm. He has for many years been a
Teacher and principal of public schools
in Jackson County. During his high school
days, Rev. Pelt was a vocational agricul-
tural student and a member of the FFA,
under Mr. R. F. Toole, at Marianna.

Tractor Donated
THE HACKNEY BROTHERS, dealers in farm
equipment, have donated a John Deere
Model M Tractor and all equipment to
the Columbia and Bill Sheely Chapters,
of Future Farmers of America, for the cul-
tivation and development of their 180
acres of land.

MEMBERS of the J. F. Williams FFA Chap-
ter are busy cropping and curing their
5.2 acres of bright leaf tobacco.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

H. E. Wood, state FFA adviser (left) as he presented pennants and prize money to
contestants in the public speaking contest. They were (from left) Melvin Kilpatrick,
Baker, state champion; Marvin Whitten, Fort White; Bobby Woodward, Quincy;
Mittie Bronson, Ocoee; Billy Nall, Clewiston, and Barry Coleman.

-- Kilpatrick's S


Baker FFA Chapter

think that forestry was only tree planting
and logging. Now, I feel that it is neces-
sary to define as well as I can, the word
"forestry". I would say that forestry is the
art and science of growing tree crops, suc-
cessively, on the same land for maximum
production; the highest quality products,
and the greatest income in the long run.
Forestry has a definite place on every
farm in Florida. That statement is par-
ticularly true of the entire South and
especially Florida. For Florida as a whole,
the average per cent in forest lands is
6o%, and in North West Florida, the av-
erage size of farm woods is perhaps twice
that much.
Our farms were not, as a rule, planned
to have the woods on the "back forty",
crops on this one and pastures on another
one, etc. Instead, our fore-fathers cleared
the best land for crops and pastures and
the remainder was just left in the woods.
That is, however, as it should be. In gen-
eral, all the land we have in woods now
is better suited to timber growing than to
anything else, and there is a lot more land
in cultivation that would surely produce
more clear income if it were growing trees

Let us look backwards for a few mo-
ments and consider the place lumbering
has held in Florida up to the present time.
In pioneer days, the problem was to get
rid of the forests to make room for crops.
Although timber was used for all construc-
tion, the supply was greater than the de-
mand. As a result, timber had no sale
With the passage of the years, timber
began to have value and these values have
gradually increased until they reached an
all time high in recent years. The prices
of some manufactured goods have decreas-
ed, but the prices of such raw materials as
timber have ever increased.
Lumber production was at its height in
North West Florida in the first twenty
years of this century. Big lumber com-
panies had bought up the land cheap,
and were busily getting all they could out
of the timber. The virgin timber was fin-
ished up here about 1925, and most of
the big companies moved to the northwest.
They had not practiced forestry conserva-
tion, and they did not expect to get any
more timber from the land.
Providentially, the second growth came
up! Now we are cutting second growth,
and in some places we are cutting over
the land for the third and fourth time.
However, in general, we are cutting small-
er and poorer kinds of trees every time the

The Importance of Farm

Forestry in Florida

land is cut over. Overcutting without re-
gard for the future is not good forestry.
However, this "second growth" timber
that we have now can be easily managed
under good forestry practices in such a
way that it will give us an income at regu-
lar intervals and a whole lot bigger total
income in the long run from our farm
woodlands. The foresters' "art and sci-
ence", as given in the definition, is be.-
ginning to be used on the farm woodlands
just as they have begun to be used on the
lands of the present day big lumber com-
The great majority of forest land in
Florida is not owned by the big lumber
companies! 90% of all forest land in the
Southeast is privately owned and about
75% of the privately owned forest land is
in small ownership. There are in my own
native Okaloosa County about 354,957
acres in forest land.
I have been told by foresters that the
average amount of timber grown on an
acre of land in a year's time in Florida is
about 500 board feet. These foresters
also tell me that our Florida land is cap-
able of growing at least three times that
much, as an average, if it is managed cor-
rectly. You know, we don't have very good
land for food crops here anyway, and I
think we should do everything we can to
make it grow the biggest "crops" that it
is possible to grow on our poorest lands.
The high price of lumber and of standing
timber today is making many of our fa-
thers (the landowners) begin to realize
that it will, after all, pay, in the long run,
to carry out good forestry practices.
I have said several times something
about "good forestry practices". And now,
I want to tell you a little more about
what these three words mean. There are
two things about forestry that are far
more important than all other phases of
forestry. These two are (1) protection,
and (2) proper cutting and marketing
Protection from wildfires is the first es-
sential in any forestry plans. Not much
else can be done without this protection.
When we smokers go through the woods
and set the woodlands on fire, we. see ma-
terial going up in smoke that could have
been used to build churches, schools,
homes and many other useful things.
Then, too, we need to cut our timber
more. conservatively. This is where most
of us make the worse mistakes, I believe.
When cutting timber, especially in this
second growth like we have, it is very
important to have a lot of good growing
stock on the land. I was keenly interested
in the reasons why this is so important,
as explained to me. by a practicing for-
ester. He told me that it is extremely im-
portant for the following reasons. Small
trees are worth very little, compared to
what large trees are worth. Small trees,
when given room to grow, will increase in

value unusually fast. Then too, trees re-
produce their kind, and so it is necessary
to leave good trees to make future good
timber crops.
There are other important benefits to
be received from real forestry practices,
such as cooperative cutting practices, and
protection from fire. They assure a fu-
ture supply of wood for our country, which
is looking at it from a patriotic point of
view. They assure continued employment
for people living near forests and the for-
est industries. They help prevent soil ero-
sion and the filling up of our rivers and
streams. You know, our hydro-electric
plants are in danger of not being able to
operate in future years because the lakes
that are made by the dams are slowly but
surely filling up with soil from the hills,
and if our power plants don't run, where
will our electricity, which is so great a help
to us, come from?
Since forestry is a long-time business
and incomes from good forestry prac-
tices are not made immediately, it occurs
to me that forestry is very much like re-
ligion. I believe that you will agree with
me that there is a good comparison be-
tween the two when I tell you how I
think they compare.
First, they are both alike in that to
get any good out of them you must be-
We all do not have time to study to be
foresters, so we must believe what a reputa-
ble forester tells us is best to do with our
timber. Also, we must believe in the fu-
ture that the world is not "going to pot".
Further, we know that there is to be a
"hereafter" in marketing timber, as there
is in religion. In fact all indications
point to better times ahead for owners
who practice good forestry.
Secondly, in farm forestry as in religion,
we are beset with temptation. There is
a great temptation, especially now, while
prices are so high, to sell the whole tim-
ber stand, even down to the smallest tree
that will make pulpwood.
Thirdly, there is a quotation from the
Bible to the effect that "the sins of the
fathers shall be visited upon the children
and the children's children". This is ture
of woodlands owners who extravagently
cut and burn their God-given natural re-
sources, without regard for their children's
The forest has kept you warm; it has
kept the wind and rain off you while you
had a good time. It has cooked your food
to keep you alive, it has furnished books
which aid you to enjoy reading and con-
tinue your education. It has furnished
homes and furniture to add to your com-
fort. It has also furnished material to
send important messages all over the Unit-
ed States. It has furnished battleships to
carry our boys and equipment across the
sea to protect us and our country.
Shouldn't we protect it?

Strawberries and Honey

Combined at Cocoa
CONRAD W. CRAMER, enrolled in the Insti-
tutional of Farm Training Program at
Cocoa, has shown how strawberries can be
grown as a companion cash crop for the
honey producer. Cramer entered the class
two years ago with ioo hives of bees as
his main source, of income; to supplement
this he planted 1/ acre home garden and
1s acre strawberries. Last year in spite
of adverse weather he marketed 235 quarts
of berries for which he received $141.00oo.
This year he increased his berry planting
to 1/ acre and up to March 2oth, with the
season about half over, has marketed 243
quarts at an average price of 70 cents for a
total income of $160.oo. Expenses this
year on the crop have amounted to only

Wimauma Trainee Picks

Bean Patch 26 Times
LEON J. HAND of the Wimauma Farm Vet-
erans class is believed to have set a near
record in number of times picking a pole
bean crop. He picked his patch grown in
the winter of 1949-50 twenty-six times for
yield of 87 bushels on 1/5 of an acre. His
gross receipts were $363.34 and his net
profit was $320.40. He attributes his suc-
cess with this crop to a well planned irri-
gation, fertilizer and spray program.
Leon J. Hand entered Institutional On-
Farm training on November i, 1949, and
since, that time has cleared 3 acres addi-
tional land, has purchased a cultivating
tractor and attachments, and has been
elected president of the Wimauma Farm
Veterans' Association. He farms a small
acreage intensively in mixed vegetable
crops, the bulk of which is marketed
through retail outlets. His enthusiasm for
farming and Institutional On-Farm train-
ing is unsurpassed, and his future in agri-
culture looks good.

Free Bull Service

For Escambia Trainees
TRAINEES in the class of Rankin Peaden
at Escambia Farms School have free serv-
ice of a pure bred Brahman bull owned
by Quinton G. Steele, a veteran trainee of
the class. The bull was obtained from Mr.
Flint who recently moved his pure bred
herd there from Texas.

Pahokee Chapter Project
MEMBERS of the Pahokee Chapter, Future
Farmers of America, are sponsoring the
placing of picnic tables and benches in the
city park, and assisting the Everglades and
Professional Woman's Club with the build-
ing of a barbecue pit.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

Random shots on the farm of Leon McCaul, Ruskin veteran Upper left picture shows a bulldozer at work, clearing virgin soil
for tomato production. After pushing and piling the stumps, palmetto ioots are removed by a special machine In upper
right cucumbers are being sprayed with a mixture formulated with precision accuracy under pressure carefully regulated in accord
with the age of the crop and the severity of the infestation. The 8 acres shown in the Spring of 1949 yielded 308 bushels to the
acre Lower left panel shows the McCaul tomato crop which averaged 342 bushels per acre in the fall of 1948 For harvest in early
1950, 9.8 acre field was planted in Early Yellow Summer Crookneck Squash, as shown in lower right panel.

A Veteran Learns to Farm
By JACQUES WALLER, Veterans Teacher of Vocational Agriculture, Wimauma, Florida

To FARM in Ruskin requires a mass of
equipment costing a small fortune. Never-
theless, when Leon T. McCaul, a Navy
veteran of forty months service, returned
home in 1946, he wanted to farm and he
wanted to farm in Ruskin. With the
money he had saved while in the service,
McCaul purchased one two-row tractor, a
disc tiller and a tandem disc. His finances
did not allow for the purchase of cultivat-
ing and fertilizing attachments. Also,
money would be required to lease farm-
land and to finance his first crop. The
cost of tomato stakes alone was $140 per
acre. To farm the Ruskin way required
more money than Leon McCaul could
raise to he decided to do custom work for
farmers in the community for a year or
By the summer of 1947, Leon had saved
some money and had purchased a trac-
tor drawn ditching plow and a spring-
tooth harrow to facilitate meeting the job
requirements of the farmers for whom he
did custom work. He still lacked ade-
quate finances and equipment to begin
farming for himself. However, the desire
to farm got the best of Leon. He decided
to start farming for himself regardless of
the consequences.
Since his finances were not adequate,
he prevailed upon his father, who is a
well-driller by trade, to help him acquire
eleven acres of farmland and to help him
finance his first crop on a share-crop basis.
The land was cleared and planted to six
acres of tomatoes and five acres of cu-
cumbers in the fall of 1947.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

On October 1, 1947 he entered the
Wimauma High School's Veteran Insti-
tutional On-Farm Training class. Several
days later his veterans agriculture teacher
visited the farm for instructional purposes.
The tomato plants were examined and a
conglomeration of diseases was found. Al-
ternaria stemphillium, Phoma rot, Fusa-
rium wilt and late. blight several infested
the tomato plants. Also, there was a severe
infestation of leaf miner. The cucumbers
were found to be severely infested with
downey mildew. Leon did not have spray
equipment for spraying staked tomatoes
and lacked the finances for buying this
equipment; however, he did the best he
could with an outmoded horse-drawn
sprayer which his father was able to buy
from a neighbor. This failed to give ade-
quate control; nevertheless, a part of the
crop was saved and a little money was
made. The question was what to spend
this money for. Cultivating and fertilizer
attachments for the tractor were needed.
He needed a stilted power sprayer very
much, and the desire to quit following a
mule won out. The spray machine had
to wait. The cultivating and fertilizing
attachments for the tractor were bought.
The following spring, 1948, he farmed
two places twelve miles apart. Farm land
was scarce and came at a premium, but
he wanted to expand his farming oper-
ations and the necessity of crop rotation
was well known. The distance between
these two farms, however, posed a manage-
rial problem that will never happen to
Leon again. He learned his lesson well.

A well managed farm is a close-knit and
compact unit. In the spring of 1948 the.
same disease problems were back again
and with no equipment for adequate
spraying. The rains came heavily and
frequently. A west wind blew the tide in
on a portion of the crops and failure was
inevitable. This was the test. If Leon
McCaul came back now we would know the
stuff he is made of. He will have proved
his mettle.
These two crops usually would have
stopped the beginner. Materially speaking
McCaul would have been better off to
have never farmed nor to have ever enter-
ed training in the Institutional On-the-
Farm Training Program. Nevertheless,
he was gaining valuable experience and
learning scientific farming. He had learn-
ed the identification of truck crop di-
seases and insects and the chemical for-
mulations that would control most of
them. He had learned the principles of
pH and its effects on plant nutrition. He
had learned the adjustment and operation
of tractor-mounted implements and how
to grease and lubricate machinery for
maximum life and efficiency. He had
learned the basic cultural practices for
truck crops grown in his community and
he had gained valuable experience in
farm organization and management.
Leon wanted another chance at farming
to put into practice what he had learned.
As many truck farmers do, he needed
"backing" for another try at farming and
he successfully solicited this financing.


This time there could be no mistakes. He
informed his veterans agriculture teacher
that if he failed this crop he would be
through with farming. Every effort must
be made. All jobs were carefully planned
and carried out with precision. A stilted
power sprayer was purchased jointly with
veteran trainee Hubert O. "Slim" Speller,
another outstanding member of the
Wimauma class. Twenty acres of choice
Ruskin land were leased and cleared.
Nothing was omitted in the preparation
of the land. The pH was checked and re-
checked. Land conditioners were applied
according to specific recommendations.
Spray programs and fertilizer programs

were carefully planned. No job was done
without thorough advance planning.
Eight acres of cucumbers and twelve
acres of tomatoes were planted. The
weather was ideal and the crops grew beau-
tifully; however, this did not relieve, the
tension. The tomatoes and cucumbers
were examined constantly for disease
symptoms and insects. The spray program
was revised accordingly. The. plants were
watched constantly for symptoms of nutri-
tional deficiencies and the nutritional con-
tent of the soil was checked and rechecked.
The fertilizer and spray programs were.
revised accordingly. The irrigation was
watched day and night to assure a constant

moisture level necessary for obtaining
maximum growth and preventing blossom-
end rot in tomatoes.
In November of 1948, he planted 26
acres of mid-winter squash. He picked
these, squash nineteen times for a good
yield at top prices. In the spring of 1949
he planted twelve acres in tomatoes. He
picked these, tomatoes nine times for a
yield of 478 bushels per acre. The cu-
cumbers were of high quality and were
sold on a good market at premium prices.
Leon McCaul had made numerous in-
vestments to facilitate more efficient and
profitable farming. In addition, he has
purchased a tractor-drawn leveling rig.

Lake City Trainee Becomes 'Sold' on Permanent

Pasture, Dairy Cattle, Home Garden, Soil Building

a short space of time as has Clarence K.
Rogers, Lake City trainee in the class of
Mabry D. Futch, who entered training
September, 1946. Immediately after which
he assumed an obligation of $4500 on 115
acres of run down farm land, 95 acres of
which were in cultivation and on which
he was paying at a rate of interest, lo%.
One of the hardest trainees ever to be con-
vinced that a permanent pasture, milk
cow, an ever present garden, continuous
planting of soilbuilding crops, especially
Blue Lupine, and proper management
would come as near solving his $4500.00
plight as perhaps anything else. At the

end of about 12 months, Clarence showed
little progress-no pasture, no garden, no
soil building crops. Through a technical-
ity in the VA office, he was interrupted
and his instructor refused to help him get
re-instated until he put in at least 3 aces
of permanent pasture. He complied with
5 acres seeded to Pensacola-Bahia and after
which he was immediately re-instated to
class. His instructor was successful in get-
ting the interest rate he was paying re-
duced from to to 6% through bank offi-
cials. By the end of his second year he
began to see the necessity of attempting
to make his stay on his farm of a perman-
ent nature therefore a garden was planted,

a field of about 15 acres of Blue Lupine
appeared, his house was re-covered, and
a new yard fence was stretched. Although
misfortune struck him when his barn full
of tobacco burned to the ground,, a year
later he replaced this tobacco barn with
a new one. Mule farming became too
slow therefore he purchased a new Ford
tractor and the necessary equipment and
rented additional land. During the sum-
mer of 1949 this trainee, purchased a pure-
bred Polled hereford bull to which he
planned to breed his four grade range
cows. In 1949 trainee Rogers added to
or made the following improvements to
his farm: o1 acres Blue Lupine, 15 acres
Sweet Blue Lupine (for grazing) put com-
post on 4 acres of poor land, purchased
loo N. H. baby chicks and 1 purebred
gilt, took in io acres new ground, and
stumped 80 acres land, which was in ad-
dition to his regular crops of : 2 acres to-
bacco, 60 acres corn, 15 acres chufas and
19 hogs. His 1950 program consists of:
3oo N. H. red chicks, 40 acres of Blue
Lupine, 12 acres of Hairy Indigo, 5 acres
of Pensacola-Bahia grass and put up 120
rods new fence which is in addition to
his regular crops of: 2 acres tobacco, 60
acres of corn, 25 acres of peanuts and 30
hogs. Although Clarence completes his
four years of on the farm training in Au-
gust of 1950, he plans to liquidate, the
total indebtedness on his farm during the
year of 1951. The present indebtedness
today is $1500.oo. The banker has this to
say about Clarence: "This boy is a good
risk. If all veteran on the farm trainees
would stay on their farm and work as he
does, it would not be hard for them to
soon pay off their obligations."
His instructor says he's thrifty-Clar-
ence looks after the nickels and the dollars
rapidly take. care of themselves. He fur-
ther believes that Clarence Rogers future
on the farm will not only be permanent
but his farming career will be nothing
short of a prosperous venture.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950




Florida Made-Florida Range Tested



Jack Warner, 24,

Successful in

Suwannee County

NOT YET twenty-five years old, yet one of
the better young farmers in Suwannee
County, Jack Warner operates his own
320 acre farm with great success. This for-
mer Marine Veteran of World War II is
now a member of Shelly Pinkerton's In-
stitutional On-Farm Training Class.
Instead of depending solely on his 2'
acres of tobacco for cash, he also grows
watermelons, cattle, and hogs for market.
In 1949, Warner raised eight acres of wa-
termelons for market and sold 15 head of
cattle and 23 head of hogs. Last year this
trainee planted 70 acres of corn, 40 acres
of peanuts, 15 acres of chufas and 35 acres
of velvet beans to furnish feed for his
livestock. In addition, he seeded 7 acres
of millet, 45 acres of oats, and 12 acres
of permanent pasture for grazing pur-
Warner now has some 65 pigs of wean-
ing age which were sired by a registered
Duroc boar he acquired in 1949. By the
use of this boar on his better than average
grade of sows, he has improved his market
pigs very much and will thereby be able
to sell more and much better hogs this
fall. He has increased the number of
hogs on hand in the last year and to meet
the feed demand, this veteran has increas-
ed his acreage of peanuts to 70 acres and
chufas to 35 acres.
This year this veteran plans to seed 2
or more acres of permanent pasture and
five acres of hairy indigo to help furnish
feed for his 30 head of cattle. He has
bought and raised several calves in the
past year to increase and improve his
herd. Sometime in the near future,
Warner plans to purchase a purebred
Hereford bull to improve his calves for

A turn-table exhibit of a wide variety of fruit and vegetables grown by the Veterans
On-Farm Training class at Sanford, is shown above. From left, are Louis J. Mathern,
Gilbert J. Blocker, 7ames I. Smith, Ross D. Hunter, Roger A. Jamenez, Homer L.
White, Adviser John Pierson, Gwynne McCrum, George Arnold, Robert L. Hunter,
George Steel, Ben S. Austin, and Charles T. Lawson.

Warner has learned that in order to get
best results from his soil he must plant
cover crops and fertilize the crops grown.
In 1949, this trainee fertilized 3o acres of
corn and planted 6o acres of blue lupine
and plans to increase the acreage for both
this year. In addition to these improve
ments in farming operations, he has also
improved on this live-at-home program in
maintaining an acre of garden along
with a half acre of sweet potatoes and

acre of cane. Vegetables are canned for
year-round supply of food and meat, milk
and eggs are furnished from his livestock
and poultry.
Warner didn't think he had enough
acreage in 1949 so he cleared 15 more
acres of land and stumped 15 more. He
also put up I mile of new fence during
the past year and built a new tobacco
barn. He has used this barn this winter
for a heating unit to raise baby chicks.

PHOENIX PAUL PALMER of Graceville, has
made outstanding progress since he en-
tered Institutional On-the-Farm Training,
three years ago. Three years ago, Mr.
Palmer began farming with a pair of mules
-on ten acres of his forty acre farm
which he bought after being discharged
from the army. The same year he share
cropped 45 acre's.

Comer Bowers Dairy Enthusiast

Until his Veterans Training Class in
Vocational Agriculture visited local dairies
at Ponce de Leon as a field trip he had
depended on cotton and peanuts and a
few hogs for a living. That day Comer
D. Bowers saw that under good manage-
ment a small dairy would provide a fam-
ily a good living. As a result of other field
trips and his classroom instruction, he
learned of the benefits derived from im-
proved pasture grasses.
In August of 1947 he started a dairy
barn designed to be economical and still
meet State and local dairy farm require-
ments. By December he was milking his
six cows in it.

The Florida Future Farmer for July, 1950

Since that time, he has increased his
herd to twenty-six milking cows and four-
teen heifers. Five of these will calve
during the. summer. By selling off the
poor milkers and buying cows of better
quality and using a purebred Guernsey
bull to sire his heifers, he has greatly im-
proved the breeding of his herd.
Due to instruction and observation of
improved pastures, Comer has launched
a pasture program, which keeps feed cost
to a minimum, giving more profit for
milk sold.
In 1948, Comer sold $2,525.00 worth of
milk, in 1949, $5,974.60, and in 1950, es-
timates he will sell $7,500.00 worth.

Today you will find that Mr. Palmer
has replaced the mules with a Ford trac-
tor and equipment. New fields have been
cleared in the old forty acres and a new
forty acres has been added to the farm-
stead. Good fencing, ditching, and house
repair has more than tripled the value of
this trainee's farm.
Paul's 25 acres of hybrid corn in 1949
was outstanding in his community averag-
ing 55 bushels per acre. This corn like all
of Mr. Palmer's crops were fertilized well,
following lupine and using 400 pounds
of 4-10-7 fertilizer and side-dressed with
0oo pounds of nitrate of soda.
Due to the fact that Mr. Palmer be-
lieves strongly in livestock he would like
more permanent pasture than his farm
can afford. This young farmer has the
situation well in hand by having plenty
of winter grazing crops and sufficiently
growing large amounts of grain feeds dur-
ing the summer. During the winter of
1948-49, he fattened out. sixteen feeder
steers on his fourteen acres of oats alone.
This was the only successful crop of oats
known in the Graceville area in 1949. In
early June, there was 400 bushels of oats
combined off of this 14 acres.

Oat Crop is Secret of Success

For Graceville Farm Trainee



In Books

Get the benefit of millions of dollars spent on agricultural experiments.. .profit
from what the other fellow has learned. Order any of these titles from Cody
Publications, Inc., at Kissimmee.

Four Centuries of Florida Ranching,
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Profitable Farming and Life Manage-
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380 Things to Make for Farm and Home,
Cook ........................ $3.35
Artificial Insemination of Farm Animals.$4.12
Dairy Profit, Fraser ................... $2.32
Beef Cattle Production in the South,
W illiams ...................... $2.58
Animal Sanitation and Disease Control,
Dykstra ..... ................. $3.61
Farm Poultry Production, Card and
Henderson ................... $2.32
Livestock Judging Handbook, Nordby-
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Turkey Management, Marsden and
M artin ....................... $4.64
500 More Things to Make for Farm and
Home, Cook .................. $3.86
Approved Practices in Swine Production.$1.91
The Western Horse, Gorman..........$3.09
Farm Tractor Maintenance, Morrison...$2.58
Pig Projects and Profits, Carroll and
Rucker ....................... $1.65
Dairy Farming in the South, Thomas-
Pegram-Reeves ............... .$2.58


Scientific Feeding of Chickens, Titus... $1.29 -
Repairing Farm Machinery, Morrison..$2.32 .
Farm Mechanics Text and Handbook...$3.25
Poultry Production in the South, King
and Chesnutt .................. $2.58
Commercial Poultry Farming, Charles
and Stuart ..................... $4.12
The Meat We Eat, Ziegler ........... $3.50
Sheep, Horlacher and Hammond.......$2.58
Farm Management in the South, Hunt..$2.84
Principles of Feeding Farm Animals .... $2.84
First Lessons in Beekeeping. .......... $1.03
Grounds for Living ...................$2.58
Pork Production Record Book........$1.03
Swine Production in the South, South-
well-Wheeler-Duncan .......... $2.58
Selecting, Fitting and Showing Livestock,
Nordby and Lattig ..............$1.29
Approved Practices in Poultry Produc-
tion, Cook ....................$1.91
Growing Pastures in the South........$3.09
Arithmetic in Agiculture...............$1.65
Home Freezer Handbook ............. $4.07
Feeds and Feeding, Morrison (Com-
plete) ........................ $7.21 _
Feeds and Feeding, Morrison (Abridged) $3.61

r This book should be in
every farm home, says one
reader. 275 pages, well-
written, profusely illustra-
ted, all of it about pas-
S tures in the South. Writ-
S ten by a Southerner for
Suse in the South. The
latest book on the subject.
POTi0.1P\D INC. I-F1
Rt.l ti-.e hI k 111. i [ I e ilic j lholitO Oi Flolida's
Cattle Industry. 310 pages, cloth bound, illus-
trated. Originally published at $3.00 in 1940;
we are closing out the remaining stock at $2.00,
POSTPAID INC TAX postpaid, including tax.

CODY PUBLICATIONS INC., Box 891, Kissimmee, Florida
Please send me, postpaid, the books indicated below. I enclose cash, check or
S money order in full payment.
( ) The Pasture Book ...................... .................. $3.00
( ) Four Centuries of Florida Ranching ......... ........... $2.00

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