Front Cover

Group Title: Florida future farmer
Title: The Florida future farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076598/00028
 Material Information
Title: The Florida future farmer
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Kissimmee Florida
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Agricultural education -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1938-
Numbering Peculiarities: Volumes for 1956-1957 both numbered v. 17.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076598
Volume ID: VID00028
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01405300

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
Full Text

APRIL, 1950

Fat Stock Show


Judging Contests

Report on


Day at

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The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

One of my most cherished possessions is the certificate
of Honorary Degree of State Farmer awarded me in Feb-
ruary, 1950, by the Future Farmers of America.
One of my most determined purposes in offering for re-
election is to continue pursuing those policies which
have benefitted and will benefit the agriculture of Flor-
ida and the nation-the price support program, the acre-
age quotas, the credit and marketing facilities.
Another is to work for better farm life-for better rural
housing and health, just as I helped bring about rural
electrification and the new rural telephone program.
Always sincerely,

Florida's Hard-working
Was born on a small farm in Cham-
bers County, Ala. He knows farm
problems and the problems of rural
life, because he came from a farm.
He has never turned his back on the

I (Political advt. paid by friends of Claude Pepper)

Re-elect A REAL Democrat

He Gets Things Done For Florida!


By Way of Editorial Comment:

Transitions in Agriculture
H. G. CLAYTON, Director
Agricultural Extension Service, University of Florida

WHEN AMERICA was first settled the primary occupation of the colonists was agri-
culture to produce food, feed and fiber to feed and clothe the population. Great
forests had to be cleared and the land cultivated by hard labor. There was a
plentiful supply of game and fish to supplement the food produced on farms.
As they became established, farmers began to grow export crops such as cotton
r and tobacco to exchange for money on the
world markets. There was a long period
when cities and towns were developing in
which the people did not realize that farmers
needed research and opportunities for the
study of agricultural subjects. The efforts of
the early colleges were principally to train men
for the professions of law, medicine and clergy
and for business, and the development of col-
leges which women could enter was very slow.
It was a long struggle on the part of leaders
in agriculture to secure passage of national
laws in 1862 which provided for agricultural
experiment stations to do research work and
colleges to teach agricultural subjects. Since
the passage of those laws, there has been a
great expansion in agricultural education and
research. The rather slow and tedious be-
ginning extended over a long period, but
there has been a very marked and rapid de-
velopment in this field during the past quar-
ter of a century.
H. G.. CLAYTON In the early days about 80 percent of the
people lived on farms and 20 percent lived in the cities and towns. Today, the
situation is reversed and only about 20 percent of the people live on farms.
Through education, research, mechanization, and technological developments, one-
fifth of the people now produce more food than enough to feed themselves and
those not living on farms. The welfare of the nation remains dependent, how-
ever, on the farm production without which all else would soon come to a stop.
The farms have always furnished a high percentage of the people in the towns.
To the youth of today the advantages and opportunities developed over this
long period in our nation's history are available and accessible. There is also a
responsibility which must be assumed. Farm people own most of the land and
therefore have a fundamental interest in our nation's (Continued on page 13)

hT C r Judging of the FFA chapter Hereford bulls in the Mayo
heC over arena of the new Lykes Livestock Building at the Florida
State Fair in Tampa is pictured for the April cover. These bulls were given the
Florida Association in November of 1948 to improve stock in local communities
through better breeding.


VOL. XI, NO. 2

Published four times per year, January, April, July, and October by the Cbdy Publications, Inc.
Kissimmee, Florida for the Florida Association, Future Farmers of America

President................ L. C. Vaughn, Gonzalez
Vice President........ Matt Mathews, Allentown
2nd Vice President....... Alvin Futch, Plant City
3rd Vice President........ Charles Alford, Palatka
4th Vice President.......Howell Waring, Madison
5th Vice President......... Mittie Bronson, Ocoee
6th Vice President.... George Sprinkle, Homestead
Executive Secretary....A. R. Cox, Jr., Tallahassee
State Adviser............H. E. Wood, Tallahassee

President..... George J. Lewis, Hersman, Illinois
1st Vice President.. .J. Rogers Fike, Aurora, W. Va.
2nd Vice President.. .Joe B. King, Petaluma, Calif.
3rd Vice President...........Meril T. Cartwright,
Bonneville, Miss.
4th Vice President..Glenn F. Lackey, Delaware, 0.
Student Secretary..............Donald Bakehouse,
Owatonna, Minn.
Executive Secretary. A. W. Tenney, Washington, D. C.
Executive Treasurer ............ Dowell J. Howard,
Winchester, Va.
National Adviser.W. T. Spanton, Washington, D.C.

Give Your Cattle

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their herds.
Also, many other cattle own-
ers are rapidly becoming users
LETS. These popular and well
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lacking elements on your range.
Please get in touch with us so
that we can help you with your
feeding problems.






Five hundred registered hogs, eleven breeds, all
sizes. Winners West Virginia State Fair. Prices
farmers ca'n pay. Discount to 4-H and FFA club
members. Specializing in Tamworths-tops for
Kearneysville West Virginia

4 Advertise 4

Future Farmers
are always welcome!


We commend to FFA
members the reforesta-
tion and fire prevention
program of the State of



The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

1950 FFA Day at Tampa

Is Most Successful in

Florida State Fair History

FROM AS FAR WEST as Walnut Hill and as
far south as Homestead, Future Farmers
came to the Florida State Fair in Tampa
to participate in Future Farmer Day.
". FFA Day at the State Fair in
Tampa was the most successful in the
history of the occasion. The State Of-
ficers, Chapter Advisers, and FFA mem-
bers should be given the major credit for
the success of this occasion, for it was
through their cooperation and efforts
that all events were carried out on sched-
ule in a successful manner," said Mr.
H. E. Wood, State Adviser.
Number of entries in the livestock
competition exceeded all previous rec-
ords with a marked improvement in
quality. Entries, most of them pure-
bred registered animals, totaled sixty-
Judging teams from nearly every chap-
ter (a total of 128 out of 133 chapters)
in the State competed in the Livestock
Judging Contest held in the morning. 61
teams from North Florida chapters com-
peted in the Hay, Grain and Forage Ex-
hibits Judging Contest; 63 teams from
South Florida chapters participated in a
Fruits and Vegetables Exhibits Judging
Contest. Each team was composed of
three members.
Approximately 5,000 Future Farmers
participated in activities in this, their
gala day at the Fair.
Seated on the platform for the cere-
monies were two past National FFA
Presidents from Florida, Lester Poucher
of Largo and Doyle Conner of Starke. In

addition to these, there were five Hon-
orary American Farmers, a number of
Honorary State Farmers, and loyal
friends of the FFA, such as C. L. Lacy,
Mr. Wilbanks, W. J. Barritt, Vernon
Graves, E. L. Chastain, Buster Hancock,
and Dr. H. L. Kildee of Iowa State Col-
The popular State Champion FFA
String Band from Wimauma appeared,
an innovation in the program well re-
ceived by other Future Farmers and their
As the climax to the keen competi-
tion for purebred heifers, the South-
eastern Brahman Breeders Association,
the Florida Hereford Breeders Associa-
tion, and the Sears Roebuck Foundation
made the awards of these coveted prizes
during the afternoon ceremonies. The
Leon Chapter, Tallahassee, won the Brah-
man heifer awarded to the chapter doing
the best job with a Sears Roebuck Brah-
man bull. Another Brahman heifer went
to the Sarasota chapter for doing the
best job with Brahman cattle, regardless
of source of breeding stock. L. S. Harris,
President of the Southeastern Brahman
Breeders Association, made the awards
to the representatives of the two win-
ning chapters. Hereford heifers were
awarded to the Turkey Creek and De-
Land Chapters by T. Noble Brown, Presi-
dent of the Florida Hereford Breeders
According to custom for FFA Day, the
Honorable Nathan Mayo, Commissioner
of Agriculture, awarded ribbons to the

Some of the platform guests (foreground) and a section of the grandstand where
several hundred of the approximately 5,000 Future Farmers in Florida are seated
for ceremonies in connection with Future Farmer Day at the Florida State Fair
in Tampa.

Doyle E. Conner of Starke, past national
president of FFA, presents a special
plaque to Hon. Doyle E. Carlton former
governor of Florida, "for his interest in.
and loyalty to Future Farmers." Presen-
tation was made during FFA Day at the
State Fair in Tampa.

Grand Champion winners in FFA Live-
stock Show. (A story about the Livestock
show appears elsewhere in this issue.)
L. C. Vaughn, State President, presid-
ed over the grandstand ceremonies and
State Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion, Honorable Thos. D. Bailey, made
the address.
Honorary State Farmer keys were pre-
sented to four outstanding friends of
the Florida Association. An interesting
highlight in the program was the presen-
tation of FFA award plaque to Doyle E.
Carlton by his namesake, Doyle Conner,
Past National President.
Proud participants in the Future
Farmer activities took home many ros-
ettes, ribbons, cash and registered live-
stock awards. Many of them took home
greater experience in judging and select-
ing livestock and a deeper appreciation
for higher quality in livestock and crops.
All went home tired after a strenuous
day of touring exhibits and participating
in Future Farmer events, but they car-
ried pleasant memories of the day with

Leaders Get

Honorary Degrees
ary 4, 1950, at the Florida State Fair in
Tampa, L. C. Vaughn, State President
of the Florida Association, FFA, con-
ferred the Honorary State Farmer De-
gree on Senator Claude Pepper; J.
Crockett Farnell, Superintendent of
Public Instruction of Hillsborough Coun-
ty; Milton Plumb, Tampa Tribune Re-
porter; and Lewis Wood, Vice-President
of the Southern Agriculturist Magazine,

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

Z7. a.

Honorary State Farmer degrees were awarded at Tampa during FFA day February 4.
L. C. Vaughn, state FFA president (left) makes the presentation to Milton Plumb,
Tampa Tribune; Crockett Farnell, superintendent of public instruction, Hillsboro
County; Senator Claude Pepper; Lewis Wood, vice president of Southern Agricul-
turist. Vice Presidents of the Florida Association, FFA, are standing in the back-
ground during the ceremony.

Nashville, Tennessee.
Lawson P. Kiser, President of the
Florida Aberdeen-Angus Association, and
Al Cody, Cody Publications, Inc., Kis-
simmee, received the Honorary State
Farmer Degree at the annual Southeast-
ern banquet, Ocala, March 2.
The Executive Committee voted to
confer this degree on these men because
of their interest and cooperation in the
Future Farmer Program in Florida.
Other Honorary State Farmer Degree
members present at the FFA Day Pro-
gram in Tampa were: Honorable Thomas
D. Bailey, Honorable Nathan Mayo,
Honorable Doyle E. Carlton, Carl Bror-
ein, J. C. Huskisson, J. F. Bazemore,
H. F. Hinton, A. D. Davis, T. Noble
Brown, A. R. Howard, J. E. Gorman,
Fred Conner. Also present were R. N.
Hoskins, M. E. Coleman, John E. Bald-
win, H. L. Fagan and J. R. Davidson,
who hold both Honorary State and Amer-
ican Farmer Degrees.

FFA Livestock Show
At State Fair

FUTURE. FARMERS are justly proud of the
improvement in quality and the increase
in the number of entries in the FFA Di-
vision of the Livestock Show at the
Florida State Fair in Tampa during Jan-
uary 30 to February 11, held in the new
Lykes Livestock Pavilion.
Exhibiting in the Mayo Arena for the
first time, in dairy competition, a pair
of Guernseys won the championships.
Fair Fields Serena L., shown by Arlen
Wetherington of Turkey Creek, was de-
clared Champion female, and from Live
Oak, the Suwannee FFA Chapter's Quail
Roost Duncan's Crusader, exhibited by
Donald Turman, was Champion bull.
Archie Kelly, Jr., of the Bell FFA
Chapter, made a special exhibit of his
Hereford bull and two of the bulls young
heifers. He won the first Florida Cat-
tleman Breeder's award given in 1947,
which helped him to enlarge his program
and become better established in farming.
Dean H. H. Kildee, of Iowa State
College at Ames, Iowa, internationally

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

famous Livestock Judge, placed the ani-
mals of all breeds, assisted by L. H.

Lewis of the Florida State Marketing Bu-
reau in judging the Brahmans.
Two Herefords were Grand Cham-
pions in all-breed FFA beef competi-
tion, with the Quincy FFA Chapter
showing Mill Iron C. 782, champion bull,
and Max Carr of Sarasota showing
Mabel Wayside, champion female. Jerry
Owens handled the Quincy Champion
during the Show.
Mr. Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of
Agriculture, presented rosettes during the
FFA Day ceremonies to Arlen Wether-
ington, Donald Turman, Max Carr, and
Jerry Owens for showing the Champions.
In Brahman Competition, Cadanza
9th, shown by Eugene Griffin of Bartow,

$efalpvid Ae'k ,&I441v00&19&b~
fa ~F/op,'/v ,p/4AfeA9p '7r~s

/Me/ A k9 eal AW6// Ad /P /


George Smathers fights for a strong America and

realizes that prosperous, well equipped farms are

vitally necessary for our country's strength. That's

why he pledges to Florida farmers, "If you are re-

ceiving benefits now, have no fear of losing them

with me as your Senator."

M a ke yor a Do A I e-t Vot .-O XM-0 AZ_


Random shots at the Tampa FFA Cat-
tle Show Jerry Owens of Quincy
(top) exhibited the champion Hereford
bull in the FFA division and Sears Here-
ford bull competition; with his father
(left) T. L. Barrineau of Tallahassee,
district FFA supervisor, and W. C. Green-
way of Atlanta, Sears public relations de-
partment, Jerry poses his bull Law-
rence Carlton receives congratulations
of R. Stuart of Tampa, Sears store man-
ager (left) as H. E. Wood, state ad-
viser, smiles his approval FFA mem-
bers of 128 teams watch the judging of
Guernsey heifers Bottom picture
shows Archie Kelly Jr., of Bell chapter
(center) with his herd sire, with Mr. Joe
Ellis (left) and Donald Turman of Su-
wannee chapter with two of the bull's
daughters, at Tampa, during the Florida
State Cattle Show.

was top bull and Velvet, shown by
Jack Sloan of Groveland was best fe-
Mr. W. C. Greenway, of Atlanta, rep-
resenting Sears Roebuck, was present for
the special contest held for FFA Chap-
ters who received the Hereford and Brah-
man bulls through the Sears Roebuck
Foundation. Quincy won the Hereford
championship, and Plant City the Brah-
man Championship.
The results of the competition where
judging was handled on the Danish Sys-
tem were as follows:
HEREFORDS-Blue Division-Quincy
(Champion). Walnut Hill Turkey
Creek, DeLand, Lake City, Live Oak;
Red Division-Plant City, Greensboro,
Fort Pierce, Jennings; White Division-
Poplar Springs, Paxton, Greenville,
Tavares, Vero Beach, Branford, Vernon.
BRAHMANS Blue Division-Plant
City (Champion), Crystal River, Uma-
tilla; Red Division-Leon High (Talla-
hassee), Hastings; White Division-Chip-
ley, Edison (Miami), Callahan, Kathleen.
Mr. R. Stuart, Manager of Sears Roe-
buck Store in Tampa, made the presen-
tation of ribbons for the placing in the
Danish System.
The Sears Foundation provided $500.00
to the chapters involved for transporta-
tion which was distributed according to
distance traveled.
Below is a list of entries and awards
won in the FFA Division:
Quincy FFA, $57.50; Walnut Hill FFA,
$57.50; Turkey Creek FFA $55.oo00; De-
Land FFA, $55.oo; Crystal River FFA,
$55.oo; Bill Sheely FFA, Lake City,
$55.oo; J. F. Williams Memorial FFA,
Live Oak, $55.oo; Umatilla FFA $55.oo;
Hastings FFA, $50.oo; Ft. Pierce FFA,
$50.oo; Leon FFA, Tallahassee, $50.oo;
Greensboro FFA, $50.oo; Jennings FFA,
$50.oo; Chipley FFA, $45.00; Poplar
Springs FFA, $45.00; Vernon FFA, $45.00;
Paxton FFA. $45.00; Callahan FFA,
$45.00; Miami-Edison FFA, $45.oo00; Tav-
ares FFA, $45.00; Vero Beach FFA, $45:oo;
Greenville FFA, $45.00; Branford FFA,
$45.00; Kathleen FFA, $45.00; Suwannee
FFA, Live Oak, $42.50; Frank Toney,
Ft. Meade, $42.50; Dick Kelly, Largo,
$42.50; Eugene Pratt (2 animals) Bran-
don, $82.50; George Evans, Ft. Meade,
$40.00; Jack Henderson, Ft. Meade,
$42.50; Joe Hindery, DeLand, $40.oo; C.
B. Hatch, Eustis, $42.50; Andrew Jack-
son, Sebring (2 animals), $85.00; James
Hargrave, Lake Placid, $42.50; Archie
Kelly, Bell (3 animals), $107.50; Arlen
Wetherington, Turkey Creek, $42.50;
Van O'Neal, Turkey Creek, $40.00; Nor-
man Urquhart, Plant City, $40.00; Fred
Pippin, Plant City, $42.50; Edwin Alder-
man, Plant City, $40.00; Jack Sloan,
Groveland, (3 animals), $120o.oo; John
Watkins, Groveland, $40.00; Perry Smith,

Hastings, $40.00; Max Carr, Sarasota, (2
animals), $82.50; Ray Higgins, Kath-
leen, $42.50; Sarasota FFA, $40.00; Plant
City FFA (3 animals), $147.50; Kenneth
Wetherington, Bartow, $42.50; Luther
Feagen, Bartow, $42.50; Otto Hines, Bar-
tow, $40.00; Glenn Carpenter, Bartow,
$42.50; Bill Bearrentine, Bartow, $40.00;
Joseph Cockran, Bartow, $42.50; Lloyd
Harris, Bartow, $40.00; Billy Stuart, Bar-
tow, (2 animals) $82.50; Eugene Grif-
fin, Bartow, (3 animals), $122.50.
In addition to this $3,012.50 in awards,
several hundred dollars was won in open
class competition with adult entries
by the Future Farmer Chapters and

Bartow Wins

State Fair Judging

first in the Livestock Judging Contest at
the Florida State Fair on February 4,
1950, with a team score of 1150.5.
Tavares Chapter team of Bill Nutt, Don-
ald Loper, and Herbert Hawthorne, was
second with a score of 1158.1; Lafayette
(Mayo) was third with a score of 1152.6;
and Quincy was fourth with a score of
The Alachua F. F. A. Chapter won the
Hay, Grain and Forage Exhibit Judging
Contest with a score of 275. Billy Pruitt,
Lamar Dupree and Lamar Malphrus
were the members of the Alachua team,
with M. W. Hoover, adviser. Lafayette
(Mayo), Lake Butler, and Bethlehem
were the second, third and fourth win-
ners, respectively.
In the Fruits and Vegetables Exhibit
Judging Contest, Reddick Chapter team
of Tommy High, Wilson Smith and
Albert Estes with G. L. Holder, adviser,
won with a score of 269. In the next
top three places were Zephyrhills, De-
Land and Belle Glade, respectively.
Next fall, the Bartow team Atlee Davis,
Billy Martin and Lloyd Harris with G. C.
Howell as adviser will represent the
Florida F. F. A. Association in the Na-
tional Livestock Judging Contest at the
American Royal in Kansas City.
Mr. O. R. Hamrick, adviser of the
Tavares team, will take them to Water-
loo, Iowa to compete in the National Dairy
Judging Contest.
The State Dept. of Agriculture do-
nated $500.oo in awards to F. F. A.
Chapter teams participating in the judg-
ing contests outlined above. This amount
was divided among 85 winning teams.
An additional $700.00 will be provided
by the State Dept. of Agriculture for the
two teams making out-of-state trips.

ATTEND the annual convention of Flor-
ida Association, F.F.A.

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

Collegiate Chapter

Sponsors FFA

Egg, Chick Show

versity of Florida sponsored the Baby
Chick and Egg Show that was held on
March 3 and 4. The Collegiate Chapter
sponsored the collection of eggs for the
F.F.A. part of the Show and from teach-
ers of veteran-on-the-farm training classes.
The F.F.A. part of the Egg Show had a
total of 62 dozen. Chapters contributing
eggs were: Alachua, Branford, Callahan,
Dade City, Ft. White, Groveland, Haw-
thorne, High Springs, Kathleen, Lake
City, Newberry, Plant City, Reddick, St.
Augustine, Turkey Creek, Waldo, Wau-
chula, Wimauma, Zephyrhills, and Ben-
jamin Franklin Jr. High, Tampa. Grove-
land F.F.A. Chapter won first prize in.
the F.F.A. division.
The Collegiate Chapter F.F.A. pre-
pared an exhibit for the Agricultural
College Weekend Fair. The scope of our
National F.F.A. Organization was shown
on a map of the U. S. indicating the
number of chapters and the total mem-
bership of each state. On each side of
the map pictures were displayed from
those furnished by the Plant City Chap-
ter. Various activities of the F.F.A. Day
in Tampa, conferences, public speaking
contests, and activities of the State. F.F.A.
Convention were displayed.
The Pahokee Chapter sent a very at-
tractive display of fresh vegetables. They
also sent an exhibit of ramie, showing
the different steps in the. processing of
the plant after it has been harvested to
the final fibre stage.
On the ends of each wing of the dis-
play were individual exhibits of farm
mechanics work contributed by the New-
berry and Plant City Chapters.
The exhibit was designed to show a
few of the aims and objectives of voca-
tional agriculture in Florida and how the
program was being conducted in the
local chapters.
The Collegiate Chapter also had a
concession booth where various types of
refreshments were available to those who
visited the Fair. From this concession
booth a profit of $119.00 was made,
which will be used to defray the ex-
penses of a demonstration F.F.A. Ban-
quet for those taking Practice Teaching.
Prior to the Fair, President Don Padgett
appointed committees to assume various
responsibilities in connection with plan-
ning and putting on this exhibit. The
members of the Collegiate Chapter took
turns in keeping the concession booth
open during the two days in which it

Winners in the 1950 Baby Chick-Egg show are (from left) Seymour Wright, Oak
Crest Poultry Farm, Jacksonville, Ist place White Leghorn chicks; B. J. Snyder, Hil-
liard, ist place White eggs; Fred Ward, veteran on-farm training program leader at
Summerfield, winner of best entry in white eggs, and (right) Dean Reitz.



bring your cattle to the box because
X-CEL it is palatable.
And the X-CEL Range Mineral for-
RANGE MINERAL mula is correct-and Florida range
tested-for better beef production.





The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

H. F. Wiggins, Yr., (left) exhibits the FFA champion at the Tenth Annual Southeastern Fat Stock Show in Ocala, and
(right) his reserve champion. Wiggins, a member of the Williams Memorial FFA chapter at Live Oak, exhibited Aberdeen-
Angus cattle. (Florida Cattleman photos)

Live Oak Angus Win Tops in FFA Division in Ocala;

Quincy Grand Champion Sells at Record $1.10 Figure

Fat Cattle Show resulted in two Gadsden
County bred and raised steers winning
grand and reserve championships.

10th Southeastern Show and Sale
H. F. WIGGINS, JR., member of the Williams Memorial I FA Chapter, in Live Oak,
exhibited two Angus steers, which were judged the Champion and Reserve Champion
of the FFA Division in the loth Southeastern Show and Sale. at Ocala, March 1, 2,
8& 3. He also won the Showmanship Contest, and the Mayo Scholarship.
FFA members exhibiting animals with the weight, price per CWT and the

buyers are as follows:

nittes g Price

Name Chapter Wt. per cwt. Buyer
H. F. Wiggins, Jr. Williams 926 $55.oo00 Herman Sausage, Tampa
H. F. Wiggins, Jr. Williams 975 43.00 Piggly Wiggly, Live Oak
John Richard Alachua 1038 52.00 Lions Club, Alachua
Bobby White Williston 922 37.00oo Margaret Ann, Ocala
Achrol Whitehurst Hernando 737 41.00 Morrison's Cafeteria, Tam.
Ben Arnold Griffin Chipley 1125 31.00 Swift & Co. W. Palm Beach
Ralph Cellon, Jr. Alachua 723 41.00 Lovetts, Gainesville
Leroy Baldwin Ocala 1033 40.50 Dolomite, Ocala
David Koon Hernando 897 45.00 J. C. Emerson, Brooksville
Ben Arnold Griffin Chipley 830 37.00 Lovetts, Tallahassee
Kenneth Cellon Alachua 728 43.00 Margaret Ann, Gainesville
Raymond Dean Greensboro 757 36.00 H. S. Camp & Sons, Ocala
Lawrence Croft Williams 902 38.50 Mack Co, Ocala
Edwin Dean Greensboro 830 37.oo J. C. Emerson, Brooksville
Miles Mixon Williston 611 49.00 Margaret Ann, Miami
James Carter Ft. White 747 33.oo Morrison's, Daytona Beach
Joe Mixon Williston 664 39.00 Williston Livestock Mkt.
Forest Perryman Ocala 786 43.00 Commercial Bank, Ocala
James Carter Ft. White 708 35.00 Lovetts, Jacksonville
Tom Rowand Willams 892 36.00 Piggly Wiggly, Lake City
In the Showmanship Contest, H. F. emerged as the top Showman for the second
year winning a silver trophy awarded by the Florida State Veterinary Medicine
Association. Other F. F. A. winners in the contest were Ralph Cellon, of Alachua;
Arnold Griffin, Chipley; David Koon, Brooksville; Forest Perryman, Ocala.
The best Herdsman award of a leather halter was given H. F. for keeping his
animals the best groomed and the animals stalls the cleanest in the FFA Division
during the entire show.
The Mayo Scholarship given each year to an outstanding FFA member at the
Southeastern was awarded to H. F. for his Supervised Farming Program at home
and his success at the. Southeastern Show.
Mr. J. E. Gorman, Managing Director of the Florida Chain Stores Council,
distributed checks totalling $209.10 to the exhibitors that had the best "gain in
weight" of the animals shown.

Grand Champion was a 1025-pound
Hereford shown by Pat Thomas of
Quincy and bought by Joe Walthall,
Spearman Brewing Company representa-
tive in Tallahassee for $1.1o per pound
to gross the 16-year-old FFA member
$1,130.80. C. W. Thomas, Jr., of Quincy
bred the steer and sold him to young
Reserve Champion-an Aberdeen-An-
gus shown by FFA member Don Porter
of Quincy and bred by his father, Dr.
H. V. Porter-weighed 1023 pounds and
brought 75 cents per pound from the
Florida Packing Company of Quincy,
grossing the youngster $767.25.
Florida Chain Store Council continued
its program of paying bonuses amount-
ing to five cents per pound for each
pound over one pound per day gained by
steers after August 1, 1949. Porter re-
ceived a check from Managing Director,
Jim Gorman, of Jacksonville, for $11.05
representing a gain of 221 pounds more
than one pound per day during that
period on his Hereford steer.
Grand Champion pen of three was
shown by FFA member Shelby Smith of
Quincy and purchased by John H. Swish-
er and Son of Quincy at $29.25 per hun-
dred weight to gross $811.69 on 2775

Junior judging contest winners at Quincy
were Campbellton Future Farmers Dickey
Roenisch, Willie Paul Bruner, and Doyle
Reeves, shown with Instructor G. Whit-

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

THE GRAND CHAMPION brought a new
high price of $1.io per pound February
1, at Quincy, where the Sixth Annual

)I~ :-I

pound's. The animals were Herefords.
FFA members with winning cattle in
order by classes were as follows:
FFA Heavyweights (over 900 pounds)
-Thomas (grand champion); Porter (re-
serve champion); Elton White, Greens-
boro; Pat Woodward, Quincy;
FFA Middleweights (750 to 900
pounds) -Shelby Smith, Quincy; Spence
McCall, Greensboro; Edwin Dean, Greens-
boro; Emmett Clark, Greensboro; Bobby
Powell, Quincy; William Whiddon,
FFA Lightweights (under 750 pounds)
-George Johnson, Quincy; Raymond
Dean, Quincy; Wayne Hanna, Quincy;
LeRoy Baldwin, Ocala; Bob Butler,
Quincy; Wright Crosby, Greensboro;
FFA Pens of Three-Smith (Grand
champion); Bentley, Quincy; Troy Jow-
ers, Havana; Buddy Ford, Quincy; Billy
Poston, Quincy; Scott Clark, Greensboro;
In the FFA judging contest, Campbell-
ton Chapter was the winner; Marianna,
Ocala, Cottondale, Poplar Springs,
Greensboro, Graceville, Altha, Madison,
Monticello Chapters followed in that
Edwin Duce of Greenwood Chapter
was high individual with a score of 283
out of 300oo points.
In Showmanship, Pat Thomas topped
the FFA competition, followed by Ray-
mond Dean, Greensboro; Jerry Owens,
George Johnson, and Wayne Hanna,

Five Year Lease
granted Columbia High's Agricultural
Department a five year lease on acreage
at the old Naval Air Station for use of
the FFA boys. The Commission acted
upon a request for the grant by Byron
P. Hileman, Supervising Principal of
Lake City Schools.

MEMBERS OF THE Altha F.F.A. Chapter
have been busy re-sodding the barren
parts of the Altha High School Campus
with carpet grass.

Judging contest winners at the Southeast-
ern in Ocala were Larry Fagan, Harold
Swain and Jimmy Dreggors of the De-
Land chapter, with H. L. Fagan, instruc-
tor at extreme left.

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

Pat Thomas (right) poses his grand champion at the Sixth Annual Fat Cattle Show
in Quincy, and Don Porter (left) shows his reserve. Both are members of the
Quincy FFA chapter.

If there were no demand for range bulls, there would be no purebred
Brahman business in Florida.

That's why we're glad that Heart Bar bulls are in use on many of
Florida's commercial herds. We're pleased that many commercial
cattlemen come back to us year after year because our bulls, with their
easy-fleshing "Emperor" and "Manso" breeding, mean more beef.

We invite everyone interested in top-quality Brahmans to visit our
ranch and see our herd.

Heart Bar Ranch

Phone 5603



Florida Future Farmer Chapters Observe Fui

Florida participated in the observance
of National Future Farmer Week, Febru-
ary 18-25.
According to reports coming in from
fifty-eight chapters, various means of
calling attention to the organization and
its benefits were used.
Local and state newspapers published
news stories on FFA Week and feature
articles about local activities. Most of the
news stories gave information about Fu-
ture Farmer history and statistics about
investments, income, and people involved
in Future Farmer projects in Florida. A

few gave details on statistics of this na-
ture about the local chapters' accomplish-
ments. A few papers carried editorials
about the Future Farmers of America.
School newspapers called attention to the
significance of Future Farmer Week and
local school chapter activities.
The Greensboro Chapter published a
special edition mimeographed newspaper
in observance of Future Farmer Week.
This was an attractive six page edition
playing up the history, activities, accom-
plishments, and plans of the Greensboro
Chapter, Gadsden county, and the State
organization. The paper was done in

good newspaper style and format; the
stories were well written and appropri-
ate. The mimeographing was clear and
legible and the make-up very attractive.
More than half of the chapters in the
state reporting FFA Week activities re-
ported participation in chapel programs.
Many chapters adopted the suggested
radio program for chapel exercises.
The DeLand Chapter reports a round
table discussion about the history of the
Future Farmer organization and the local
chapter's program in which three chap-
ter members, H. L. Fagan, the adviser,
and a master of ceremonies participated.

Farm Gift is Tribute to Youth
(From Florida Times Union)
ONE OF THE FINEST of recent testimonials of faith in Florida
youth is the action of a service club in presenting the
Suwannee River Future Farmers of America with title
to an 80 acre tract of fertile land, to plant, tend and cul-
tivate perpetually as their own.
And the boys, true to the spirit of F. F. A. youth every-
where, respond that their new 80 acres will be put into im-
mediate and profitable use. Forty acres of the tract will be
devoted to demonstrations to show what grasses will grow
best in the North Florida district. The other 40 will be
planted in pine seedlings.
This latest of F. F. A. gifts is evidence of the con-
tinually increasing appreciation by adult groups and
community leaders of what the members of this earnestly
active youth organization are capable of doing with the

Governor Fuller Warren presents the proclamation des-
ignating February 18-25 as Florida Future Farmer week to
State President, L. V. Vaughn of Gonzales, as State Super-
intendent Thos. D Bailey (right) looks on.

things they have. It is evidence also of the readiness with
which these boys will accept responsibility as well as a
free gift.
Of equal import is the evidence, as seen in the work of
F. F. A., that farm boys of today are not so ready as were
those of a generation ago to bid good-bye to the old
home acres at the first opportunity and break away to the
Thanks to the growing understanding both of the
possibilities of modern agriculture and of the opportuni-
ties they offer to intelligent and energetic youth, more
of their number are staying at home and working result-
fully for better things for themselves and for the country
at large.

Hail to Our Future Farmers
(From Plant City Courier)
THE 300,000 HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS studying agriculture
over the nation might well become inspired by the activi-
ties of the eight chapters of Future Farmers in Hills-
borough county, mostly in the eastern end of the county.
What our boys have done in pursuing vocational train-
ing in farming has been pretty well demonstrated at our
own Junior Agricultural Fair in December and their fine
showing at the Florida State Fair in Tampa recently.
Listen, if you will, to the cash register record of these
boys who attend high schools at Plant City, Turkey Creek,
Pinecrest, Brandon and Wimauma and the negro high
schools at Plant City and Tampa.
In 1949, they raised $96,685 worth of farm products
in their supervised projects at home and at school. They
reported $76,460 in net profits. The produce ranged
from beans to fishing worms-34 varieties in all.
Strawberries led the list with gross sales of $18,ooo.
Green pepper was next with $14,734. One enterprising lad
cleared $31o from the sale of fishing worms.
Hillsborough Future Farmers have received state and
national recognition, and The Courier salutes them and
their splendid teachers and advisors for worthwhile work
well done.

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950


re Farmer Week in February

This program was given twice-once for members' projects and chapter accom-
senior high school students and once for plishments.
junior high school students, by two dif- Many local radio stations used "plugs"
ferent groups of boys. about the organization during Future
Radio programs were broadcast by a Farmer Week.
number of chapters, many of them using Several chapters had programs for the
the radio script especially prepared by FFA also, and a number had chapter pro-
the state department through the coop- grams in observance of National Future
eration of the Forestry Service for this Farmer Week. Outstanding members or
week, emphasizing forestry projects of officers of local chapters appeared be-
the state and local organizations. The fore civic groups as Rotary, Kiwanis,
DeLand, Suwannee, Greensboro, Apopka, Lions, and JayCees and spoke of FFA
Hillard, Tavares, Marianna, Lake But- accomplishments and needs.
ler, Tate, Redland, Ocala, Stuart, Ft. The Suwannee chapter observed Fu-
Lauderdale, Vero Beach, Bill Sheelly, ture Farmer week with a dedication pro-
Lake City, Vernon, and Macclenny chap- gram. (This story is told in detail be-
ters made radio broadcasts; the White low.)
Springs Chapter broadcast over a Val- Several chapters placed exhibits in lo-
dosta, (Ga.) station about their chap- cal stores and community fairs calling at-
ter accomplishments; the Quincy Chap- tention to Future Farmer activities and
ter combined music by FFA members accomplishments.
and running comments on chapter ac- The Lakeview Chapter, Winter Gar-
complishments and facts about the Fu- den, visited another chapter (the Semi-
ture Farmer organizations. The Ocala nole Chapter at Sanford) in observance
Chapter had a program broadcast over of the week's activities.
WTMC each day during Future Farmer Two chapters, High Springs and Mac-
Week. In addition to using the For- clenny, threw the spotlight on FFA Week
estry program, this chapter worked up by staging their annual banquets during
programs on outstanding individual FFA this week.

Live Oak Kiwanians Cooperate with

FFA in Conservation Project

LIVE OAK KIWANIANS and the Suwannee
Chapter of the Future Farmers of Amer-
ica joined hands in a land-use and con-
servation effort Thursday, February 16,
when 80 acres of land was presented to
the chapter by the Kiwanis Club for use
in promoting "pine tree and cattle pros-
perity in Suwannee County."
At noon, Sam Gibbs, the Kiwanian
who conceived the idea of the demonstra-
tion plot, presented Charles Collins, presi-
dent of the FFA Chapter, the lease on
the 80 acres. State Representative Ran-
dall Slaughter delivered the main address
at the dedication program. He was prev-
iously made an honorary FFA member
because of his work with the Suwannee
Slaughter said, "The future of this
county lies in pine trees and cattle pros-

perity. He urged other civic clubs to
sponsor more such farm projects for
Gibbs, a Live Oak Kiwanis member
and a lieutenant governor in that Ki-
wanis District, said, "I feel that this type
of practical demonstration program will
help further the interests of farming in
Suwannee County and all of Florida."
Harry Wood, state supervisor of voca-
tional agriculture, called the project, "the
best demonstration of cooperation be-
tween a farm club, a civic club and busi-
ness men, that I have ever seen put on
in Florida."
Before and after the dedication cere-
mony, 40 acres of the plot were fenced
and planted in pasture grasses by the
FFA members and Live Oak business
men who furnished equipment and crews

Random shots at Live Oak 80 acres of land was deeded to the Suwannee FFA
chapter by the Kiwanis club of Live Ook for the planting of trees and pastures in a
program for "pine tree cattle property." Second panel shows Charles Collins,
Suwannee chapter president, signing contract for the land with Tilly Leigh (left),
president of the club, as Sam Gibbs, Kiwanis division lieutenant governor Fred
Green, president of the Suwannee River Valley Development Association, points to
features of a disc harrow used in the ground breaking ceremony at Live Oak Feb-
ruary 16. Bottom picture shows Mr. H. E. Wood, state supervisor of vocational
agriculture showing a group of boys the auger post-hole digger which sets two posts
a minute.

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

to help the club. A planting machine
set out 2,000 slash pines on the other 40
acres, and 5,000 pines had already been
set out.
Many firms from the surrounding area
furnished equipment for plowing the
land, putting up the fence, planting the
pines and cutting a fire line around
the area planted in pines.
The Kiwanis Club purchased the land
with $1,000 in war bonds purchased dur-
ing' the war. The Kiwanians will pay
all expenses of working and planting the
property and the Suwannee Chapter will
pay back the money with proceeds from
the sale of timber and cattle.
Rees Mills. vocational agriculture
teacher at Live Oak High School, said
that each FFA member would spend
about a day and a half each month
working on the plot. Credit will be
given in their agriculture courses for
this work.
Mills said that "eventually seven types
of grasses will be planted on the pasture
area. Scientific records will be kept on
each cow grazed on this land to see
which type of pasture grass is most bene-
ficial to the Suwannee County cattle
"The trees will be grown in accordance
with proven forestry practices. They will

These Brahmans were champions in the junior Brahman show held at Ocala. Upper
panel shows Bobby Griffin left, of Bartow with Cadanza gth, champion bull, and
Edwin Priest of Anthony with Dandelion's Destino reserve champion bull. (Florida
Cattleman photo).

be kept free of wildfire, and we will
call on Wyman Garland, our farm for-
ester, for advice in making timber sales
and selective cuttings," the chapter ad-
visor said.
B. F. Leigh, president of the Live Oak
Kiwanis Club, presided during the pro-
gram. Senator G. Warren Sanchez acted
as master of ceremonies. Lake City and

Jasper Kiwanis Clubs and the Live Oak
Rotary Club were special guests. Repre-
sentatives of the Florida Forest Service
and other state agencies were also pres-
After the dedication ceremonies, the
FFA members went back to work trans-
forming the land into something of value
for Suwannee countians in future years.

Florida JayCees Set Up Farm Program Designed to Fit

Requirements of Respective Communities in State

ior Chamber of Commerce in Florida*
must be chosen to fit the needs of the
community concerned. From the vast
store of ideas already tried by other or-
ganizations, every group should be able
to draw a few which are adaptable to
their situation. Three or four ideas, pur-
sued diligently will develop into an agri-
cultural program of which any Junior
Chamber of Commerce might be proud.
A worthwhile program will carry through
the entire year, rather than reaching a
high spot and then remaining dormant.
Plans should be so made that agricul-
tural events should follow in logical se-
quence, recognizing the seasons through
the year. The State agricultural com-
mittee has listed below several projects
or enterprises that have been successful
and responsive. The local agriculture
committeemen may have several projects
to add to this list. Community needs
should be diagnosed by the committee
and a program put into operation. Once
an agricultural program is started, there
will be no difficulty in finding desirable
projects. However, only after the Jay-
Cee membership has been acquainted
'This is published to suggest to chapter advisers
how they can cooperate with local JayCees.

with the fundamentals of the programs,
and when the desired farm groups have
been acquainted with the Junior Cham-
ber of Commerce, should projects be be-


i. Pig Chain-The Junior Chamber of
Commerce buys a pure-bred gilt and
presents it to a young FFA or 4-H
club member with the understanding
that he will give two pigs from the
gilt's first litter back to the club. The
club then presents these two gilts to
young farmers and so on, continu-
ously. Before you know it, the com-
munity has fifty or sixty pure-bred
hogs of excellent breeding stock .
and, too, these young farmers take
great pride in showing these animals
at fairs, livestock shows, etc. Con-
tact your County Agent and your
teacher of Vocational Agriculture.
2. Sponsor Livestock Show or Fair-
Livestock shows can create much in-
terest among both city and rural peo-
ple. It provides excellent opportu-
nity for the livestock breeder, Future
Farmers and club boys and girls to ex-

hibit their skills and arts of breed-
ing, selecting, feeding, fitting and
showing their animals. It creates a
friendly and competitive spirit
among participants and promotes
the use of improved livestock prac-
tices. Since many counties are al-
ready holding livestock shows, it
might be to the advantage of the
JayCee Clubs to contact local fair
committees for advice. A number of
the JayCee Clubs in Florida cooper-
ate with other agricultural groups in
sponsoring livestock shows.

3. Dairy-June is the dairy month.
The dairy program should consist of
a dairy cattle show with other added
features. Proper handling of milk,
proper feeding practices judging ani-
mals, selection of better sires and
dams are a few things that may be
included. For publicity and draw-
ing attracting, you might have one
of the following projects in connec-
tion with the dairy show

i. Healthiest baby contest.
2. Mil k ing Contest (between
prominent civic leaders).
3. Dairy Queen.

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

4. Award top producing cows in
your area.
5. Arrange meeting with Dairy
4. Pasture Tours-One of the best
means for promoting pasture de-
velopment. The South is steadily
growing into a major livestock pro-
ducing area, and Florida is leading
the way. You will find hundreds of
farmers in your county interested in
pasture development. Contact County
A g e n t, Vocational Agriculture
Teachers, Veteran Teachers and SCS
officials. They will appreciate your
cooperation and interest.
5. Invite FFA parliamentary proced-
ure team to your club to demonstrate
parliamentary procedure. These Fu-
ture Farmers of America will surprise
6. Invite the champion 4-H Club boy
and girl of your county to your club
and honor them. Present prizes or
7. Sponsor outstanding Farm Boy and
Girl contest in your county. A lot of
prestige may be gained by local
JayCee Clubs as a result of such ac-
tion. Basis of selection should in-
clude farm work, character person-
ality, school grades, etc. Contact
Superintendent of Schools, Vocation-
al Agriculture Teachers and County
Club Agent.
8. Be sure to invite the winner of the
FFA public speaking contest to your
9. Sponsor one 4-H Club and one FFA
member to summer camp this year.
These two organizations conduct out-
standing training camps for rural
boys and girls each summer. Years
of work and planning have pro-
duced outstanding accomplishments
by young farmers as a result of the
training they received while attend-
ing these camps. Expenses for each
person runs anywhere from $1o.oo
The State Agricultural Committeewel-
comes your inquiries and will attempt to
provide you with complete information on
any project you undertake. Each club
should carry out items 5, 6, 8 and 9. This
can easily be done. All clubs should
select at least one of the other projects
listed and begin work at once.
Let's make 1950 the biggest year in
JayCee history I1
Guyton M. Williams, Chairman,
State Agriculture Committee.

Hamilton County Agricultural Fair,
Friday, December 9.

Transitions inAgriculture
(Continued from page 3)
security and welfare-greater than possibly
any other group.
To meet these challenges the young
people of today-who will take over in
the future-need vision, training, and the
urge to improve themselves and to help
Our country needs well trained men
who will work hard who will be fair and
honest in their dealings with other men
who respect God, and men who want to
keep our nation great and who will strive
to keep it great.
Never should we forget that our great-
est single material resource is our land.
Always should we be .mindful it must
be handled so it may be kept productive






Group I

Former Councilman,
Mayor and State Legis-

if our nation is to remain great. In the
life of a nation, land is pertinent, while
a man occupies land for only a short
span. A deed only gives him possession
for a time, and then the land passes to
others. The farmer is the guardian of
this resource.
Farming is a way of life as well as a
way to earn a livelihood. The opportuni-
ties for success are as great as in most
other fields and the hazards no greater.
Farm people must continue to provide
leadership in local, state and national
affairs, and to provide this leadership our
farm youth should have full opportunity
to develop and to be in a position to
think soundly, act efficiently, and capa-
bly assume the responsibilities that will
come to them in solving local, state, na-
tional, and international problems.

He is for:

* Extension of Rural
Telephone Systems.

* Improving Telephone

* Improving transpor-
tation facilities.

World Wars I & II

on May 2nd will be greatly appreciated

(Political advertisement paid for by friends)

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

we can do
to assist you
with your

THE 7aC w
AND MANAGED & Trust Company
Member Federtl Deposit Insurance Corporation
Member Federal Reserve System

I F.


Veterans Join Conservation Plan

MORE VETERANS are becoming conservation farmers through the cooperation
of on-the-farm training and the U. S. Soil Conservation Service. Les Jacobsen,
planning technician for the Soil Conservation Service at Sanford, reports
that John Pierson, veterans vocational agriculture teacher and Kenneth
Eaddy, vocational agriculture teacher, were instrumental in helping to start
conservation farming.
O. B. Griggs,. J. B. Brown, A. B. Tedford, Roger A. Jeminez and
Gurynne McCrum are the newest "conservation farmers" only a few years
removed from muddy foxholes and beach landing crafts to start cooperating
with Florida's 45 local Soil Conservation districts.
Most of them own vegetable producing farms and plan to plant hairy
indigo for soil conservation measures this summer. Also included in their
plans are retiling, installation of new tile and leveling their lands.
Griggs recently won third place in a contest sponsored by the Orlando
Daily newspaper to select the outstanding Central Florida farmers who work
on a live-at-home program.

Finishing Touches Yet to Come

At Farmstead of Lake Island

"I'M A LITTLE BEHIND in my fishing" was
the laconic remark of James Watson on
a chilly November evening last fall as
he stood by the fireplace of his new Tus-
conaga Island home and welcomed his
friends to his hearth at a housewarming
James Watson was born on this same
island in Lake County about three miles
southeast of Center Hill and graduated
from Groveland High School. After
serving six years in the Navy as Chief
Photo-mate he came home to his wife on
March 1, 1946 and began farming in
Sumter County. For the past two years he
has been a member of the On-the-Farm
Training Program in the Webster High
School class. He is president of the
Young Farmers Association of Webster.
After the spring crop was over, James
began felling tall straight pines for his
home and hauling them to a nearby saw-
mill. When the time came to saw the
logs, the sawyer of the local mill was
called away, so James learned to block
logs on the carriage to be cut into lum-
ber, and hauled it to his new building
site where it was stacked to air dry.
On a hill beneath large oak and hick-
ory trees he cleared the building site
for his future home. This was done in
July; in August he began to lay the
foundation. His instructor and fellow
trainees of the Wayne Valentine veter-
ans' class came out one day to help him
lay out and erect the framework. Three
months later they were back with their
wives for an old-fashioned house warm-
Finishing touches will be added later

when the farm work is not so pressing.
In the meantime, Mr. and Mrs. Watson
and their two young sons are enjoying the
pleasures of their new home.
This is not a success story. It is just
an account of what, in one instance, was
accomplished at a minimum of cost with
the aid of neighbors and fellow trainees
when planning is coupled with hard
work. Hard work is a pleasure when we
are accomplishing things together. Maybe
his fellow workers will help James Wat-
son "catch up with his fishing."

Griffin Shows Top

Brahman at Ocala
BOBBY GRIFFIN of Bartow exhibited the
champion Brahman bull, Cadanza gth,
while Edwin Priest of Anthony, with
Dandelion's Destino, won the reserve
championship in the Brahman Show in
Ocala, January 17-20o.
The Umatilla FFA team, composed of
Bud Walker, Jack Nelson, and John West-
ervelt, won the judging contest. Other
winning teams, following Umatilla in
order were: Bartow, Ocala, Reddick,
Webster, Hastings, Brooksville, Plant City,
DeLand and St. Augustine.
The winning high individuals in the
judging contest were, Walker of Uma-
tilla, Jimmy Dreggors of DeLand, Don
Lovering of Sebring, Paul Singer of
Brooksville, Atlee Davis of Bartow, Eu-
gene Williamson of Ocala, Cedric Smith
of Reddick, Billy Masters of Bartow,
James Williams of Wauchula, Billie Mil-
lar of Lake Placid, in that order.

70 Bushels of

Corn is Yield of

Holmes Veteran

SEVENTY BUSHELS of corn per acre, on
twelve-bushel-per-acre land, improvement
of swine through better breeding and
better management and efficient use of
labor and land through mechanization
are a few of the many accomplishments
of S. L. Forehand, Veteran farmer in the
Institutional On-the-Farm Training Pro-
gram, under the supervision of Foy
Campbell, Veteran teacher Bethlehem
area, Holmes County, Florida.
This trainee is learning to produce
high yields of corn through increased
humus and organic matter of the soil, in-
tensified use of commercial fertilizer, and
timeliness and improved methods of cul-
tivation. He and several other trainees
in this center had test plots of corn last
year. All yields were good and these
trainees are anxious to compete another
year and many are confident of 75 to 100oo
bushel per acre plots. The seventy
bushels per acre was an accurate measure
of the corn produced on this trainee's
test plot. These good corn yields con-
tinued over this entire corn acreage. Ac-
cording to field estimates of this trainee
and his veterans instructor, Foy Campbell,
his crop average, on a conservative basis
tripled the state average. These yields
are being made by realizing the value of
barnyard manures and their wise appli-
cation, through the use of high analysis
fertilizers, properly applied, timeliness of
cultivation and the use of hybrid seed
In this area of open range, uncon-
trolled breeding, and high swine mor-
tality, S. L. has brought his sows and
their litters out of the "swamps"
built lanes, pens and pastures so he can
closely supervise his herd improvement.
Last year, he saw how it is possible to
raise nearly 100% of pigs farrowed in-
stead of the usual possible 40 to 50%,
by careful supervision and management.
He has recently secured three registered
bred Duroc gilts from the A. P. I. herd
at Auburn, Ala. He is fully aware of the
increased gains due to feeding protein
supplement and minerals. For more ef-
ficient use of these feeds, he has built
self-feeders. These feeders are mounted
on slides which facilitate moving them
with his tractor from one plot to an-
Last year this young farmer bought 160
acres of woods land, 35 acres of which
he had cleared with a bull dozer and
fenced. He used his tractor in getting
this land in condition to plant water-
melons and potatoes. He averaged ap-

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

proximately $1oo.oo per acre off the wa-
termelons and the potatoes were used
for fall hogging. The acreage planted
to watermelons had an excellent stand of
grain sorghum on it that fit in well with
the potatoes as a feed crop. For maxi-
mum efficiency of this feedstuff, he ran
steers and hogs together on this land.
In an additional effort to improve this
livestock system this trainee planted three
acres of Crimson and White Dutch
Clover last fall, using Crimson on the
higher land and White Dutch on the
lower ground. He plans to follow the
Crimson with a seasonal grazing crop
and seed a recommended grass with the
clover this fall. He cleared ten more
acres of new ground this past winter,
had it stumped and now has it broken
and prepared for watermelons. When
the watermelons are marketed he is
going to begin his preparation of this
land for seeding to clover and grass this
fall. He has a seed patch of Pangola grass
that he believes may fit into his
pasture system here.
In addition to improving his
livestock practices, this veteran and
his family have added to the farm home
such conveniences as running water, hot
water and a completely modernized
When asked what benefits he has de-
rived from the Veteran's Institutional
On-The-Farm training program he re-
plies, "With the knowledge I have gained
through this program I have been able
to bring about improvements and have
added farm practices that I otherwise
would not have accomplished. I am see-
ing the results of feeding livestock bal-
anced rations, planting year-round graz-
ing, using certified and hybrid seeds,
planting cover crops and of replacing
grade livestock with registered breeding

Flame Hoe at Paxton
WHAT IS BELIEVED to be the only flame
hoe in the State of Florida is owned by
James W. Cook, a trainee in Paxton.
Cook has a thirty acre cotton allot-
ment. With his labor saving device he
can hoe his cotton for thirty cents an
acre, whereas the cost would be about
four dollars an acre if he had to depend
on labor.
After two years of experience with this
hoe, he has found it leaves him more
time to grow feed for his cattle and hogs.

at Escambia Farms School have free ser-
vice of a pure bred Brahman bull owned
by Quinton G. Steele, a veteran trainee
of the class. The bull was obtained from
Mr. Flint who recently moved his pure
bred herd there from Texas.

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

Its a pleasure to do business again
and again with good customers! We
know-and growers know-there is no
magic in fertilizer.
It's a combination of common sense
recommendations coupled with NACO
Fertilizer and services that produces
crops of good quality-economically.
This combination is why NACO cus-
tomers buy-again and again!


10,000 Copies of

The Florida Future Farmer

Were Published for This Issue


Green Hand, bronze ....................... ....................25c, no Fed. Tax
Future Farmer Degree, silver plate................ ...... .28c, plus 20% Fed. Tax
Belt & Buckle, bronze or nickel finish ...................$2.25, no Federal Tax
Tie Holder, gold plate ............ ............... $1.40, plus 20% Fed. Tax
All above prices subject to any State Tax in effect.
Write for Catalog

Official Jewelers for F.F.A.



F. F. A.

FR100 FRI01
Sterling Silver ... $ 3.00 $ 3.50
10K Gold........ 15.00 18.00
*Furnished in sizes only up to 9%
Prices subject to 20% Federal Tax and any State Tax in effect.


Make Your Own

Septic Tank


make your home. life more pleasant by in-
stalling a bathroom and sewage disposal
system." It was in this spirit that eleven
septic tank demonstrations were held in
Florida by the Veterans On-the-Farm
Training Program under the supervision
of G C. Norman, Veterans Supervisor of
Vocational Agriculture. These demon-
strations were held in cooperation with
the Florida State Board of Health. The
demonstrations took place as follows:
Wauchula, February o2; Plant City, Feb-
ruary 21; Groveland, February 22; Sum-
merfield, February 23; Alachua, Febru-
ary 24; Ocala (Negro), February 25;
Madison, March 2; Blountstown March
3; Monticello (Negro), March 4; Boni-
fay, March 6; and Walnut Hill, March 7.
The purposes of the demonstrations
were to promote the installation of sew-
age disposal systems and to familiarize
the veterans on-the-farm teachers and the
vocational agriculture teachers with this
project. It is the general opinion of many
that the cost for such an installation as
this would be so great that it would be
beyond the means of the average farmer,
but results show that by doing his own
labor a farmer can install the sewage
line, septic tank and drain field for
less than seventy dollars. Local prices
would be the determining factor in the
cost of such an installation as proved
by the fact that one demonstration was
completed at a cost of only $45.32 to
the home. owner.

Upper left panel shows Charles F. Zinner and Elton L. Hinton, vocational agricul-
ture teachers, and Eugene M. Fortner and Francis R. Edwards, veterans teachers,
observing as Hugh Roberts, Farm Regional Engineer of the Portland Cement
Association (paint bucket) demonstrates the oiling of the septic tank form before
placing it in the ground at the Plant City demonstration. Upper right picture shows
George R. Hornsby, Hubert H. Creel and D. E. Timmons, Jr., veterans teachers,
mixing concrete with the aid of fellow teachers, at the Wauchula demonstration.
Lower left panel shows teachers at the Walnut Hill demonstration learning the im-
portance of careful measurement in mixing concrete and in lower right, Veterans
Supervisor G. C. Norman and Roberts supervise mixing, casting and tamping of con-
crete at the Ocala demonstration.

As preparatory work for the demonstra-
tions reusable forms were constructed in
the .vocational agriculture departments
under the supervision of W H. Parady,
Shop Specialist where, the demonstrations
were to be held. These were constructed
at an average cost of thirty dollars and
will remain the property of the voca-
tional agriculture department. The forms
are available to anyone in the com-
munity, free of charge, provided they are
properly cared for and returned prompt-
ly. It is anticipated that other depart-

ments will construct similar forms for
community use
After the site had been selected for
each demonstration, the local veterans
teacher contacted the County Sanitation
Officer and with the help of the veteran
trainee concerned, the location of the sep-
tic tank and disposal field was laid out.
All excavations were made prior to the
day of the demonstration by the trainees
under the supervision of the local vet-
erans teacher. A final check was given
the layout by J. W. Wakefield, Sanitary

Cost of Materials Used in Septic Tank Demonstrations in Florida

Soil Outside Box
con- Form Yes
Home Owner edition Used No
Clarence Howze Dry
P. O. Box 30 and
Zolfo Springs Sandy No No
Clyde Coleman Dry
Rt. 4, Box 341 and 1
Lakeland Sandy side No
W. W. Woods
Box 217 Dry
Groveland Sandy Yes No
Joe Lucius Damp
Rt. 1, Box 87 and
Summerfield Sandy Yes No
S. M. Hankins Damp
Rt. 1, Box 182 sand
Alachua and clay No No
Malachia Roberts Dry
Rt. 1, Box 77 sand
Reddick and clay No No
Phillip Smith Damp
Route 2 sand 1
Madison md clay side yes
Agricultural Mucky
Building Clay No Yes
Thomas O. Bond Damp
Box 301 sand
Monticello and clay No No
Cody Fairdoth
Rt. 3 Damp
Bonifay Clay No No
J. C. McElhany
Rt. 1, Box 263 Damp
Atmore, Ala. Clay No Yes

-Cement- -Sand- Gravel -Drain-
Cu. Cu. Tile
Cost Sacks Cost Yds. Cost Yds. Cost Feet Cost

Filler Sewer Joints--- Steel -
Cu. Pipe & Tees Misc. Total
Yds. Cost Feet Cost No. Cost Feet Cost Costs Costs

19 $21.85 1% $6.00 2 $12.00 75 $11.25 2 $12.00 6 $2.00 2 $2.00 90 $7.20 $2.25 $76.55

18 22.50 2 N.C. 2 12.00 75 11.25 2% 3.37 16 12.00 2 3.00 100 6.00 3.00 73.12

14 15.12 2 4.00 2 9.00 75 7.50 4 N.C. 6 2.00 2 2.80 100 3.15 1.75 45.32

15% 12.60 2 5.95 2% 13.65 72 10.32 2% 13.65 10 5.60 2 2.60 90 3.90 2.00 70.27

15% 19.37 1% 7.50 2 10.00 75 9.75 4 N.C. 25 16.00 2 4.00 100 7.00 73.62

12 15.00 1% 6.75 2 16.80 65 9.75 4 N.C. 10 6.00 2 2.50 90 6.00 5.25 68.05

4.00 13 14.30 1% N.C. 2 12.00 80 8.80 4 N.C. 12

10.80 2 3.00 100 3.20


Cast 19 23.75 .2% 9.00 3 13.50 120 18.00 4 4.00 25 18.75 2 2.50 100 3.20 2.25 94.95

13 14.95 1% 6.00 2 12.00 75 10.64 3 N.C. 6 5.40 2 4.50 62 3.91

10 9.50 2 4.00 2 10.00 75 10.50 2 10.00 10 5.00 2 2.50 80 2.40

Cast 14 14.70 2 N.C. 2 5.00 100 12.00 4 N.C. 10 9.00 2 5.00 90 N.C. 2.00 47.70

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

and Date
Feb. 20
Plant City
Feb. 21
Feb. 22
Feb. 23
Feb. 24
Ocala (N)
Feb. 25
Mar. 2
Mar. 3
Monticello (N)
Mar. 4
Bonifay and
Mar. 6
Walnut Hill
Mar. 7

W. J. Krol, veteran teacher, is shown ob-
serving a fellow teacher laying drain
tile for the drain field at the Groveland
demonstration, and in lower panel, Dan
Allen veteran teacher (right front with
shovel) works on cover slabs assisted by
fellow teachers at the Plant City demon-

Engineer, Bureau of Sanitary Engineer-
ing, State Board of Health, to see that
all was in readiness for the demonstra-
tion. At Groveland, because of the loose-
ness of the sandy soil, it was found nec-
essary to construct an outside form. At
other locations, as shown on the chart,
outside forms were constructed at the
time of the demonstration.
During the morning of each demonstra-
tion the group assembled in the local
agricultural building. After introductions
were over, Dr. K. E. Miller, assistant to
the State Health Officer, outlined the
role that the State Health Department
plays in health and sanitation problems.
Dr. Miller was followed by either
Claudius J. Walker or Fred A. Safay, San-
itation Consultants, Field Technical
Staff, State Board of Health, who ex-
plained the value of a sanitary sewage
disposal system and the preparatory work
necessary for such a project. The re-
mainder of the morning sessions was
taken up by Hugh R. Roberts, Farm
Regional Engineer, Portland Cement As-
sociation, who explained the project in
detail with the aid of film strips and the
movie "Mr. Farmer Builds a Septic
After lunch the group assembled at
the veteran trainee's home where the
sewage disposal system was to be in-
stalled. It was here that Mr. Roberts ex-
plained the proper usage of tools needed
for concrete work and demonstrated the
methods of testing the materials to be
used in the concrete. The group was
then divided into four work groups and
a rotation plan was used whereby each

person had an opportunity to participate
in all phases of the installation. Mr.
Roberts was in charge of the group at
the mixer, Mr. Norman at the septic
tank form, Mr. Parady at the cover slab
form and either Mr. Walker or Mr. Safay
at the drain field. The demonstrations
were so planned and executed that all four
phases were completed at approximately
the same time This eliminated any wast-
ed time and proved to be one of the de-
ciding factors in making the demonstra-
tions so successful.
Should it be necessary to analyze the
needs for a sewage disposal system? It
may be of interest to know that in 1933
only 3% of the farms in the Southeastern
States had bathrooms. Today, in 1950,
more than 15% have bathrooms. Before
a bathroom can be installed and for a
sewage disposal system to work properly,
there must be an adequate supply of water
available under pressure and with the
expansion of rural electrification this is
becoming more and more possible. It is
a proven fact that people are healthier
and cleaner when running water and in-
door toilets are available. Baths are
no longer a drudgery with hot running
water in the house.
A septic tank does not purify the waste
but furnishes a means for it to be broken
down into liquids, gasses, sludge and
scum. The sludge settles to the bottom
of the tank and the scum forms at the
surface. The liquid flows out into the
distribution box and thence into the
drain field where it is absorbed into
the earth and purified. This not only
disposes of the waste but renders it
harmless. In communities where there
are no sanitary waste disposal systems
there can be found a prominence of
hookworm and dysentery. The State
Health Department, in its work in the
prevention of communicable diseases,
strongly emphasizes the need for sani-
tary sewage disposal systems in small
towns and rural communities.
Any type of septic tank installed
should be approved by the county health
department. All counties in Florida have
local health departments except St.
Johns, Hernando, Lee and Collier. Any-
one in these counties desiring informa-
tion concerning the installation of a sew-
age disposal system may write the State
Board of Health, Jacksonville, Florida.
Sanitation officers throughout the state
have pledged their support and assistance
to anyone desiring to install a sewage dis-
posal system.
It has been determined in most locali-
ties that the most inexpensive way of in-
stalling a septic tank is to use the reus-
able forms provided they can be obtained
without cost. With the reusable forms,
the tank is cast in place and these forms,
if properly cared for, can be used as

4%\ SIRlt


at any price.

* and the best fencing
material obtainable is
the most economical in
the long run

Pentachlorophenol-preserved fence posts
and building materials make possible
construction of permanent wooden struc-
tures here in the Southeast.
You can now get delivered to your place
cured, treated, and processed fencing
material of any type, in addition to a
number of items regularly carried in
stock. Materials for log cabins, corrals,
loading chutes, etc., will be processed on
order and quotations gladly furnished.
Seventy-eight years of livestock hand-
ling experience is behind this line of
fencing, engineered to meet the stock-
man's needs.

We breed Arabian, Palomino and
Quarter horses, Shetland ponies, Sicilian
donkeys, and Boxer dogs. A few good
individuals for sale. Stud service at
all times.

Located between Highways 500 and 27 at "Fellow.
ship" Community between Ocala and Williston...
Mail Address Route 3, Box 114


The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

many as twenty-five times before any
major repairs are necessary.
In selecting the materials for the con-
crete, the aggregate (sand and rock or
gravel) should be carefully tested before
being used. In one locality in Florida
it was found that a local contractor was
selling builders sand that contained many
times the. maximum allowable amount
of tannic acid. Concrete made from
sand with a high content of tannic acid
will easily break and crumble and prove
unsatisfactory for use.
One thought that should be kept in
mind in mixing concrete for a septic
tank is that the concrete should be wa-
tertight. To be watertight, concrete at
mixing should not contain more than six
gallons of total water to a sack of ce-
ment and then properly cured by being
kept wet for seven days. If the sand is
of average dampness five gallons of wa-
ter should be added but only four gal-
lons are needed if the sand is very wet.
Once the cement-water ratio has been de-
termined it should not be varied. The
workability of the concrete is determined
by the amount of sand and gravel that is
added to the mixture. A trial mixture
of one part cement, two-and-one-quarter
parts sand and three parts gravel should
be tried first to determine the mix. The
540 gallon tank, which is adequate for
approximately 90% of our farm families,
requires about 2.6 cubic yards of con-
crete. This includes six inch thick walls
and a four inch thick bottom and top.
The approximate amount of materials re-
quired with a 1:2-1/4:3 mixture are
seventeen sacks Portland cement, one
and one-half cubic yards well graded sand
and two cubic yards graded gravel (maxi-
mum size one-and-one-half inches) About
io% should be added to these quantities
for waste.
As shown on the chart, only ten and
twelve sacks of cement were used at
Bethlehem and Ocala, respectively. This
was due to the coarse sand and well
graded gravel that was used. Fine sand
and gravel result in a less economic mix-
ture, so again emphasis is placed on the
importance of carefully selecting the ag-
gregate to be used in the concrete.
Because of sandy soil being prevalent
in Florida a distribution box would be
needed in only a few areas, predominate-
ly in West Florida. The distribution box
distributes liquids from the septic tank
into the disposal lines. In Florida, for
health reasons, a single drain line should
not be mdre than 75 feet in length, but
in sandy soil and with the 540 gallon
tank, 75 feet of drain tile is usually of
sufficient length to dispose of the waste
properly. Should more than 75 feet of
drain tile be necessary, a distribution box
would then be required. A distribution
box can be cast in place or bought pre-




Mr. and Mrs. John F. Lee (top) of
Turkey Creek, are shown as they were
photographed in a Tampa hospital.
Lower picture shows Burch Cornelius,
Pasco county polio fund chairman, re-
ceiving a donation of $245 from George
Riegler, representing veteran classes of
W. L Sparkman and R. D. Gill. The two
classes raised the money for a coopera-
tive drive.

cast for a reasonable sum.
The drain field consists of joints of
drain tile laid end to end with one-fourth
to one-half inch openings left in the
joints. The slope should be two to four
inches per one hundred feet with four
to six inches of some type filler (crushed
rock oyster shell, etc.) under and around
the tile line. About two inches of this
filler should be placed over the line and
then a cover of paper or straw should be
placed to prevent the earth from clogging
the bed. Open joints of the line are cov-
ered with a piece of waterproof paper to
prevent the filler from falling into the
drain line.
If a septic tank is of sufficient size
and properly installed, it should not need
cleaning until after being used from five
to seven years or longer. It should be
inspected after the first five years and
then periodically every year thereafter
until cleaned out. A septic tank can be
cleaned by either pumping or bailing
out the sludge. When the sludge is re-
moved from the tank it should be buried.

Turkey Creek is

Hot on March of

Dimes Campaign

VETERAN CLASSES have given outstanding
community service in many instances
since the On-the-Farm Training Program
began. An example at hand is the pace
set by veteran classes in the recent
"March of Dimes."
One of the most ardent workers in
the March of Dimes Campaign was
John Foy Lee of Turkey Creek, whose
wife had just taken leave of absence last
October from her job as English teacher
in the Turkey Creek School to have a
baby, when she was stricken with polio
and was left in a paralyzed condition.
Their baby boy, George Everett, was
born November 12 while Mrs. Lee was
in an iron lung in the polio ward of
Tampa Hospital.
The hospital rules permit no children
in the polio ward; when the baby was
eleven days old, Mrs. Lee was given one
prolonged look-a look that must suf-
fice for no one knows how long-before
her youngster went home with his father.
Lee's neighbors have done a great deal
toward the day when his wife will join
her family again. Members of his On-
the-Farm Training class built a 12x2o
foot room on their house for Mrs. Lee's
use and have raised a substantial sum of
cash to help the family.
Lee was so grateful for what has been
done for his wife that he offered to do
anything to help. V. M. Newton, Jr.,
Chairman of the Hillsborough County
March of Dimes, named him head of
the Dover-Turkey Creek area drive to
help promote benefit shows and enter-
According to a report from Sam
O'Quinn, instructor of Lee's On-the-Farm
Training Class, $2,028 was raised in the
This same class of veterans previously
had raised nearly $400 to help another
member, Wallace Beaty, just before his
little two year old son Butch died of

Hall of Fame Honor
SANDY JOHNSON, former State FFA Presi-
dent, was elected to the "Hall of Fame"
at the University of Florida. Only a few
selected Seniors are honored this way.

F.F.A. Chapter has been getting land
ready for planting corn. They recently
planted 200 pounds of Irish potatoes.

The Florida Future Farnier for April, 1950

The bridge that runs from Wyoming to Boston

EWL] I ol SQ^R k1% -6

It's a long way from Medicine Bow to
Boston from the western cattle and
sheep range country, from the feed lots
and hog farms of the Corn Belt, to the
hungry cities of the east. Between where
the meat animals are raised and where the
meat is eaten there's an average gap of a
thousand miles.
Bridging that gap is a service performed
by the meat packing companies of the
united States. They buy the livestock on
the farms and ranches, and in the scores of
markets. They process it into meat. Then
they deliver that meat to 300,000 retail
stores in every city and town across the
It's truly a nation-wide job. And just as
truly it's a necessary and important one.
For without this "bridge" that runs from
Wyoming to Boston-without the meat
packers' "pipe lines" which link supply to
demand-livestock producers would have
to limit their herds and flocks to the num-
bers that their small local markets could
consume. And the supply of meat avail-
able for consumers to eat would be limited
by the small numbers of livestock pro-
duced near the cities where they lived.
We of Swift are proud of our company's
part in starting, organizing and carrying
on the nation-wide distribution of meat.
Gustavus Swift pioneered in the develop-
ment of the refrigerator cars which made
the whole thing possible. Today thousands
of refrigerated freight cars and trucks sup-
ply the Swift network of refrigerated
branch houses and plant sales routes which
crisscross the nation. It is an important
factor in one of the world's most efficient
low-cost food distributing systems ... Yes,
we are a part of that great "bridge" which
serves and benefits producers and con-
sumers alike. And we are mighty proud of it!


"My gosh,")
Our City Cousin panted,)
"All the beans
Have come unplanted!"

The Florida Future Farmer for April, 1950

A Route to Better Beef Cattle
by C. D. Lowe
U. S. Department
of Agriculture
The route to better
beef cattle lies in a
breeding program
based on the use of
sires selected largely D.
on performance in con- D. Lowe
verting grass, grain and other feeds into
beef with the greatest efficiency. Re-
cent studies have shown that gains made
by young bulls in the 5 or 6 months
after weaning are closely related to the
performance of their own calves.
The above statements are strongly
supported by the results of comprehen-
sive tests conducted by federal and
state experiment stations, in cooper-
ation with private breeders. These tests
reveal that the ability for rapid growth
and efficient use of feeds is inherited;
that a herd may be built up into "bet-
ter doing" animals by following proper
breeding practices.
Controlled experiments with the prog-
eny of various bulls show that the
ability to gain fast varies considerably
in individual animals. Over an extended
period the rate of gain varied a pound
or more per day; feed requirements per
100 pounds of gain often vary from 15
to 20 per cent.
Another important finding was that
there was no relation between the physi-
cal make-up of an animal and its ability
to gain and use feed efficiently. In other
words, bulls with the best "eye appeal"
could not be counted on to sire "better
doing" calves than their less attractive
It used to be that bulls were tested
by the performance of their calves. The
newer tests based on the gains made by
the young bulls definitely shorten the
time required to appraise a prospective
herd sire.
FREE! Illustrated Booklet
The Stony of DaiRy AniMals 4P
Many interesting facts S /r
about dairy animals are
told in Booklet F of our
Elementary Science Series- "The Story
of Dairy Animals." Illustrated, simply
told, interesting to children or grown-
ups. Write for your FREE copy today.
Tell your teacher. We'll send free copies
for every kid in the class. Address Agri-
cultural Research Dept., Swift & Com-
pany, Chicago 9, Illinois.

Growing Is Good
When I was a boy I liked
to watch living things
thrive and grow. Grow-
ing was good. That's the -
way I still feel. And
that's the way Ameri-
cans have always felt.
As a nation we have
grown from thirteen
states to forty-eight-across the entire
continent. We have grown in size and
numbers, in strength and power. It's an
American trait to be proud of growth.
Yes, whether it's the nation or live-
stock, men or businesses, I believe
growing is good. Many companies have
grown in size to meet their responsi-
bilities. They served better.
Why has Swift & Company grown?
Most important is that people liked
what we could do for them. Retail
meat dealers learned that we provided
the products and services they needed.
Everything we sell must win the favor
of the public. We were pleased to find
housewives asking food stores for more
of our meats, and asking for them
oftener. We had to grow to keep up
with the expanding demand for our
services and products.
A lot of livestock and other products
are needed to meet this demand. To get
them we must buy in many markets.
We're dealing with big areas and long
distances and with food stores in every
corner of the nation.
Meat packers of all sizes are needed
to handle the nation's huge volume of
livestock, and to process and distribute
the meat. Some of these began business
many years ago and have grown to
serve producers and consumers across
the nation. Swift & Company is one of
these which grew up because there was
a big job to do.
/SO 5 Ps Department

*4(aeAa Reoyya4 tAeceAe
Prepare a thick barbecue sauce. Add one cup
sauce for each one pound of franks and heat
5 to 8 minutes.
Thick Barbecue Sauce: I tsp. chili powder
2 small onions, sliced thin % cup water
2 tbsp. vinegar % cup catsup
2 tbsp. Worcestershire 1 tsp. salt
Mix all ingredients in a heavy skillet. Cover and
simmer about 45 minutes. Yield, 2 cups sauce.

Swift & Company

Nutrition is our business-and yours


in many

.Southern towns

** N

535 Bulk Distributing Plants
make Standard Oil Products available throughout the South

THE NEED for petroleum products today is universal. Gasoline
for cars ... fuel oil and kerosene for home use... tractor fuel
and lubricants for farms lubricants for industrial plants,
large and small, are an everyday need in every community.
To insure a steady supply of Standard Oil products at all
times, this Company maintains 535 bulk sales and distributing
plants, conveniently located in the states of Alabama, Florida,
Georgia, Kentucky and Mississippi. From these plants delivery
trucks radiate throughout the surrounding areas.

This Company, and its local representatives in charge of
these plants, are an integral part of these communities-inter-
ested in and contributing to their welfare and growth.
The majority of these Standard Oil representatives have had
long experience in serving their communities, many of them
for more than 25 years. Some occupy the same positions for-
merly held by their fathers-a continuity of dependable Stand.
ard Oil products and service down through the years.



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