Front Cover

Group Title: Florida future farmer
Title: The Florida future farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076598/00026
 Material Information
Title: The Florida future farmer
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Kissimmee Florida
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Agricultural education -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1938-
Numbering Peculiarities: Volumes for 1956-1957 both numbered v. 17.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076598
Volume ID: VID00026
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01405300

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
Full Text


FFA Accomplishments
During 1948-1949

Summer Activities
End at Camp O'Leno


-I--~- -


\ \\
Pd 1:

it;r~Inl FFA Convention. Kansas City. Missouri, October 10-13, 1949


Florida American Farmers Tell of

Their Future Farmer Experiences

Florida has filled its full quota of six young men for the American Farmer Degree.
Printed below, in brief, are some of the reasons why four of these particular Future
Farmers were selected for this important honor.

By LYNN WARD, Chiefland
IN AucusT, 1943, I entered my first class in
vocational agriculture, becoming acquainted
with the purposes of FFA, learning the
creed, living through the initiation and be-


American Farmers

Members of the Florida Association
who have received the Americapn
Farmer Degree, with year, chapter and.
address are as follows (when chapter
and address are different, name of
chapter follows name of member) :
Gray Miley .............. 1929 .. Plant City
Woodrow O'Steen ........ 1930....... Aucilla
Norton Wilkins, Apopka...1931..... Plymouth
James Mahaffey ..........1932....... Apopka
Waldo Emerson Bishop....1933 ....... Aucilla
Jacques Waller ........... 1934 .... Plant City
Greely Steele ............. 1935... Laurel Hill
Lester Poucher ........... 1936 ........ Largo
Myron Grennell ..........1937.... Homestead
John R. Jones, Jr.........1937....... Sanford
Earl Faircloth ...........1938..... Chiefland
Eli Mrntgomery Read, Jr. 1939...... Trenton
Warren Clifford Wood.... 1939...... Alachua
William E. Johnson, Tate.1939 ..... Gonzalez
Robert Campbell, Jr....... 1939..... Wauchula
S. John Folks, Jr., Ocala... 1940.... Montbrook
William E. Haynsworth....1940...... Alachua
Boyd W illiams ...........1940........ Ocala
Daniel W. Beardsley ......1941..... Clewiston
Byron Clark, Greensboro..1941. Chattahoochee
Elvin B. Daugharty ........1941....... DeLand
Alton Clemmons ......... 1942....... Chipley
Claude Sidney Jones ...... 1942 ...... Pahokee
O. E. McKeown, Greensboro 1942. Chattahoochee
William M. Pope, Pahokee. 1942... Canal Point
Rodney M. Durrance.... .1943... Fort Meade
Edgar Leo Johnson........ 1943 .... Hawthorne
R. W. Bishop, Belle Glade. 1944..... Clewiston
G. M. Godwin, Walnut Hill. 1944.. Atmore, Ala.
Charles Rufus Howes......1944..... Live Oak
Scott Lee, Belle Glade.....1944.. Lake Harbor
William V. Abshier, Jr.,
Summerfield ...........1945..... Belleview
Grinnelle Edward Bishop..1945....... Aucilla
Ben H. Floyd, Monticello.1945...... Lanmont
James Hunter Williams.... 1945........ Ocala
B. O'Farrell, Walnut Hill.1946.. Atmore, Ala.
Sandy Johnson ...........1947....... Quincy
Burton Raley ............1947 ....... Vernon
Leon Simms ............. 1947..... Branford
Win. P. Mixon, Jr.........1947.... Bradenton
Wiley E. McCall, Bradenton.1947........ Oneco
H. Mathews, Allentown... 1948........ Milton
Ingram L. Ward, Allentown.1948........ Milton
L. D. Anderson...........1948.Ponce de Leon
H. W. Reams, Monticello.1948....... Lamont
Doyle E. Conner, Bradford.1948........ Starke
Jesse David Elmore.......1948.... Bradenton

The following will be recommended
to the delegate assembly for approval,
October, 1949:
William Futch ...........1949.... Plant City
Maurice Edwards, Bradford. 1949........ Starke
Frank McIntosh, Paxton... 1949.. Atmore, Ala.
Lloyd Monroe ...........1949... Summerfield
Bill Norris ..............1949........ Jasper
Lynn Ward ..............1949..... Chiefland

coming a Green Hand.
My first project prorgam included four
acres of corn, six of
peanuts and one sow,
producing a labor in
come of $210.35, which
far exceeded the $25.-
oo necessary for the
Chapter Farmer de-
gree. I entered our
chapter public speak-
ing contest, but onlt
gained third position.
I took comfort in the
r fact that I was only
tWARD an eighth grade boy.
fARD My second year I
again carried the corn and peanut acreages,
but added another sow. I raised my labor
income to $285.43. My program was official-
ly judged the second best in our district and
I received a $25.0o war bond. I was elected
chapter secretary, and won sub-district, dis-
trict and third place in the State public
speaking contests.
During my third year, with much the
same projects as before, I earned a labof
income of $392.80, was awarded the State
Farmer degree, won the state speaking con-
test and was elected secretary of the State
My fourth year was busy with duties as
state secretary and responsibility in the
local chapter. I earned a labor income of
$552.80 from my corn, peanut and hog pro.
Graduating from high school in 1948, I
expanded my program to include chufas
and watermelons, earning $1300.oo. I ac-
quired 6o acres of land adjoining our farm.
During 1949 my program has been expanded
to 18 acres of corn, 15 of peanuts, six of
chufas, to of watermelons and three sows.
I have planted to acres of Pensacola Bahia
and four of Pangola and intend to add beef
cattle to my program.
Soon after leaving high school, I was
married to a rural girl, Miss Lina Stephens.
We have been blessed with a son, Gary Lynn.
The FFA has meant much to me. It helped
me realize that I really wanted to be a
farmer, and has helped me develop many
leadership qualities.
IN 1943 I ENROLLED in vocational agriculture
when I was in the eighth grade. I was in-
terested in farming andti as proud of the
opportunity to do my bit toward helping
the war effort.
In my program that year I tried to use
the best possible practices. I planted 20
acres in corn and peanuts under supervision
of my grandfather, gathering 80 bushels of
corn as my part and fattening $15o.00
worth of hogs. 1 also sold twi calves which
brought $75.00. In addition my program
includes helping to care for six dairy cows,
delivery of the milk and keeping up the
grounds. I had a litter of pigs and a labor
income of $2oo.oo to start my second year's
Five fat hogs, 15 New Hampshire Red
chicks, and one dairy cow were my second
year projects, with the cow to supply milk
for the school lunch room. I installed bath-

F:," I11

American Farmers pictured: Top, Lloyd
Monroe and bride; Lower left, Frank Mc-
Intosh; Lower right, William Futch.

room facilities at home, built a half mile
of fence, repaired six fences and gates, built
hog-lot equipment, planted two acres of
soil improving crops and kept the grounds,
making a labor income of $350.20. I was a
member of the Paxton judging team which
won lifth place at the Quincy Fat Cattle
With a Hereford steer, 200 fryers, too
layers, five acres of oats and two meat hogs
I earned $221.70, plus general farm work
which netted $276.00, in 1945-46.
1946-47 projects consisted of two steers,
five acres of pecans and loo fryers. Steers
were shown at Pensacola and I won first
place in the FFA division with one of them.
My income was $268.29 and I earned $250
from other labor. Five beef cattle, 21 hogs
and an acre and a half of corn brought me
$577.01 and clerking in my father's store
on Saturday brought $1oo.oo during 1947-48.
I was chairman of FFA banquet commit
tee three years, served on the parliamentary
team, was on the soft ball team, was on
judging team for four years, won a state
bankers' scholarship and in 1946 won the
Sears, Roebuck Food contest. I took part
in public speaking for the chapter for three
years, and for three years was delegate to
the state convention.
My FFA experience helped me decide 1
wanted to become a dairyman. With my
father I borrowed enough money to build
a lo-cow barn and buy 30 cows. I do the
milking and feeding, control breeding, fenc-
ing and pasture improvements. We have
165 acres which we are gradually improving.
I owe my FFA success to my grandfather,
George Webster, nmy father, W. E. McIntosh
and my FFA supervisor, John E. Baldwin.
I ENROLLED IN vocational agriculture at Sum-
merfield in the fall of 1942, working with
my father and brother on our farm during
my agricultural program. I have now
worked up into an ownership basis on the
farm which produces livestock, feed crops,
soil building crops and pastures.
During my first year I started my cattle
herd, buying heifer calves, and in addition
(Continued on page 8)

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

By Way of Editorial Comment:

Florida Proud of Future Farmers
State Superintendent of Public Instructoin

THE PEOPLE OF FLORIDA are justifiably proud
of the Future Farmers.
Over the years, from the day the first
Future Farmer Chapter was chartered in
the State in 1928, we have watched this great
organization grow and develop from a hand-
ful of interested vocational agricultural
students to the more than 6,200 outstanding
young men who now make up the Florida
Association of Future Farmers of America.
Florida's Future Farmers, in their l2st
year, have come to represent an important
influence in the life of both rural and urban
Florida. The people of the State are aware,
first hand, of your contributions to the
economic and social welfare of the communi-
ties in which you live. They are aware of
the benefits now accruing to Florida'because
of your leadership, developed through the
many activities of your organization.
Florida's citizens know that in many com-
munities it was the Future Farmers who first
put into practice the latest and newest scien-
tific farming techniques, learned in voca-
tional agricultural classes; who first intro-
duced to the State many new types of farm
ing operations; and who first made wise and
extensive use of the consultant services of
the University, the various farm manuals
and publications, and State and Federal as-
sistance in developing their farm programs.
They know that it is the Future Farmers
who, more than any other single organize
tion, are helping to change farm living from
a life of drudgery based on hodge-podge
farming techniques, to one of comparative
comfort based on scientific, planned agri-
cultural practices.
They know that today's farming pursuits
of the Future Farmers are not only sounder
and more practical-but more profitable, too.
And they know-they need only look
around them-that Future Farmers make
excellent citizens, and that you have made
"Living to Serve" a part of your lives.
We, in education, are especially proud.


Like other citizens, we are aware of your
contribution to the State. But more so than
many others, we know that Florida's voca-
tional agriculture students, our Future Farm-
ers, are not only going to be excellent farm-
ers and citizens, but we know that they are
now excellent students.
The scholastic record of Future Farmers,
like their farming record, is admirable. Aca-
demically, as well as agriculturally, the Fu-
ture Farmers are leaders among the students
of the State.
Vocational Agricultural Education and
The Florida Association of Future Farmers.
an integral part of the total school program,
will continue in prominence in Florida Ed-

r'l C oy The old state officers, left, and new state officers, right, of
T he C over the Florida Association, Future Farmers of America, look
on as Retiring President Donald Burch passes the gavel to President L. C. Vaughn.

Published four times per year, January, April, Julv, and October by the Cody Publications, Inc.
Kissimmee, Florida for the Florida Association, Future Farmers of America

President................L. C. Vaughn, Gonzalez
Vice President........ Matt Mathews, Allentown
2nd Vice President .......Alvin Futch, Plant City
3rd Vice President....... Charles Alford, Palatka
4th Vice President.......Howell Waring, Madison
5th Vice President......... Mittie Bronson, Ocoee
6th Vice President.... George Sprinkle, Homestead
Executive Secretary....A. R. Cox, Jr., Tallahassee
'State Adviser............H. E. Wood, Tallahassee

President .............. Doyle Conner, Starke, Fla.
1st Vice President. Paul Lindholm, Ortonville, Minn.
2nd Vice President......Dale Hess, Fallston, Md.
3rd Vice President.Bill Michael, Jr., Billings, Mon.
4th Vice President...Alton Brazell, Lubbock, Tex.
Secretary.......... Max Cobble, Midway, Tenn.
National Adviser .............Dr. W. T. Spanton,
Washington 5, D. C.
National Executive Secretary....A. W. Tenney,
Washington 5, D. C.
Southern Regional Adviser........ D. M. Clements,
Washington 5, D. C.

ucation in the years ahead. I am sure that
this rural youth organization will continue
to grow and expand, and to contribute to
the welfare of the people of Florida.
As State Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion, I pledge to you an abiding interest in
your work and my fullest cooperation and
support in your endeavors.
It will be under your leadership that Flor-
ida will reach its fullest potential as an agri-
cultural state. I hope that I may be able
to assist you in helping the State reach that

For Better Beef

to add



Use time tested





we can do
to assist you
with your

AND MANAGED & Trust Company
Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Member Federol Reserve System

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949


of grass...

"Rivers of grass" flow across this country. Mil-
lions of cattle and lambs have spent the spring
and summer turning grass into meat. Now they
are ready for roundup and shipment. So in
October they move to the markets-in a great
flood of livestock. Many go direct from the range
to meat-packing plants. Others go to the feed lots
to be grain-finished. But, either way, these meat
animals are mostly grass-which folks cannot eat
-converted into appetizing, nourishing meat for
people. They are adding greatly to the health and
wealth of the nation. Without this "livestock
economy," in which you and we are engaged,
779,000,000 acres of our United States would pro-
duce little food for human use.
Whether you ship your cattle and lambs early
or late-whether it's to Chicago, Ft. Worth, Den-
ver or any of scores of other markets-you'll find
buyers there to bid for them. With many others,
Swift & Company helps provide the year-'round
daily market which is as essential to your busi-
ness as it is to ours.
Your grass, turned into meat, is a vital raw
material of all meat-packing operations. There is
keen competition for it. Every meat packer and
commercial slaughterer (and there are more than
18,000 of them in the United States) must have a
regular supply of meat animals. Each buyer
knows the high bid gets the animals. He knows
also that his own price range is set by supply and
demand. He sees your steers and lambs as so
many pounds of meat and by-products. The price
you are offered for your livestock is governed by
what the meat packer can get for the meat and
the by-products.


Soda Bill Sez ..
The communist believes no man should
be rich; the capitalist believes no man
should be poor.

That big machine,
City Cousin hears,
Is the kind
that pulls off ears!


Your Markets
for Meat

S In the early days of our coun-
I m try, livestock was produced
close to the point where it was
eaten. But as the population grew, those condi-
tions changed. Today two thirds of the people live
east of the Mississippi, while two thirds of the
livestock is produced west of that river. To bridge
that gap of more than 1,000 miles is no small job.
Millions of head of livestock must be processed
and the meat distributed to where it is wanted.
The facilities of nationwide meat packers provide
you with markets for your meat animals; move the
meat to cities and towns where it is in demand.
Swift & Company, and other nationwide meat
packers, sell meat to retailers wherever there are
people who want to buy it ... no matter how far
that may be from your farm or ranch. We bring
you the benefit of national, rather than local, de-
mand. This means that, in selling your livestock,.
you choose between the price created by local de-
mand, or the price created by the national demand
of millions of meat eaters.
We work hard to encourage people to serve
meat oftener-to eat more of it And we are
proud that our nationwide system is one of the
most efficient low-cost food distribution systems
in the United States.

Sll" *

Swift & Company

Swift & Company CHICAGO 9, ILLINOIS


that Poor Forage
by Robert D. Rasmussen
New Mexico A. & M. College
Dried-up pastures and winter R. D. Rasmussen
weather create the same feeding
problem for the cattleman. They simply mean that
you have lower quality feed and less of it. And you
have little choice as to what you can do about it.
You can let the cattle eat what they can find. In this
case you're likely to take a weight loss on your cows.
You'll also take a chance on a weak calf crop. Or you
can feed a supplement. If you feed enough of the
right kind, your cows and unborn calves will come
through in good, healthy condition.
California experiments on deficient range showed
the cow herd that got a protein supplement produced
a 91% calf crop. Cows on similar range, without a
supplement, produced a 61% calf crop. Arizona found
that feeding supplement increased the weight of the
calves at birth by 10 pounds.
The amount of supplement needed varies. Cows
carrying calves, and young stock require more pro-
tein than open cows or mature animals. A safe rule to
follow is to watch the condition of the stock. Keep
them healthy and thrifty.
Research by the New Mexico agricultural experi-
ment station shows that during the winter months
range forage is most critically short of phosphorus as
well as protein. While some of the cake supplements
are high in phosphorus as well as protein, most
ranchers oi er the state are using mineral supplement
for year-'round use. A mineral supplement contain-
ing at least 6% phosphorus should be made available
at all times to range cattle. Experiments have shown
that year-'round use is better and more profitable
than seasonal use.
Here's a goal for cattlemen. Use whatever kind
and amount of supplement is necessary to keep your
cattle healthy and thrifty. (Editor's Note: The prin-
ciples of animal nutrition discussed above apply in all
parts of the country.)

Quotes of the Month

"We, as ranchers, are not sufficient unto ourselves.
In fact, we are only the beginning of the beef line.
Of equal importance are the feeder, the processor, the
distributor and the consumer. Disregard the rights
or welfare of any of these, and sooner or later we
Sam R. McKelvie
Pres. Sandhills Cattle Ass'n

"He gave it for his opinion that whoever could make
two ears of corn, or two blades of grass, to grow upon
a spot of ground where only one grew before, would
deserve better of mankind, and do more essential
service to his country, than the whole race of politi-
cians put together."
Gulliver's Travels (written in 1726)

ffaatda a fosa'nr Recd/ie /ot
(Yield: 6 servings)
1 Ib. pork sausage meat 1 tsp. soda
1 '/2 cups corn meal 1 cup sour milk
/2 cup sifted flour 1 egg
/2 tsp. salt 2 tbsp. pork sausage
1 tsp. baking powder drippings
Brown pork sausage meat thoroughly in heavy skillet (about 9
inches in diameter). Drain off drippings. Sift together corn meal,
flour, salt, baking powder, and soda. Combine egg and milk and
heat until well combined. Add 2 tablespoons drippings to milk and
egg mixture. Pour liquid into dry ingredients and stir just until well
Mixed. Pour batter over pork sausage in heated skillet. Bake in
moderately hot oven (450 F.) until well browned, about 30 to 35
* minutes. Serve hot as main luncheon dish.


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

Right Eating Adds Life to Your Years-and Years to Your Life

Select your future herd sire
from our 1949 calves sired by
such top bulls as MiQuinca AA
183, pictured above.
These calves are of finest
quality and breeding, and will
be suitable additions to any
We can also supply you with
excellent bull yearlings suitable
for commercial cattle and priced
Your inquiries are most wel-

R. G. "Bob" Herrmann, Gen. Mgr.



Phoenix Oil Company
P. O. Box 388 Macon, Georgia



Complete Department Stores
in these Florida cities:


nil ----I ---I----hI

National President Doyle Conner has been getting around during his term of office.
Upper left, he and Gere Howard, past historian of the Florida FHA, greet 7udge Har-
ley Langdale, president of the American Turpentine Farmers Association Cooperative.
Upper right, in Washington, Conner, center, poses with Secretary Brannan, left, and
Senator Pepper, both seated, and Senator Holland, left, and Mr. H. E. Wood, standing.
Lower left, at the southernmost FFA chapter, Homestead, Conner congratulates Steve
Torcise, Homestead president, as State President Donald Burch looks on. Lower
right, in Hawaii, left to right, Hawaii Adviser W. H. Coulter, Past Hawaii President
Ralph Ajifu, Conner, and Sukeji Yamagata, Robert Saiki, Yuko Toguchi and Harry
Yamamoto, all Hawaii vice presidents, pose as Conner gets a lei.

National President Has Varied Duty

During His Twelve Months in Office

SINCE HE BECAME National President of
the Future Farmer Organization, Doyle
Conner has been in hundreds of places
on many different occasions, and served
as a genial representative of the Future
Farmer Organization to varied and num-
erous groups.
In a recent radio broadcast over a Na-
tional Network when he was being in-
terviewed by Senator Claude Pepper, he
stated that he has visited chapters in
thirty-seven States and Hawaii.
His trip to Hawaii was a high spot in
his momentous year as National President.
He is shown in a photo being officially
welcomed by representatives of the Ha-
waiian Future Farmer Organization. He
was guest of honor at the Territorial Con-
vention, and visited many of the local
chapters while there.
He has visited many local chapters all
over the United States.

In addition to visiting Future Farmers
all over the United States and Hawaii,
he has been official representative of the
FFA on numerous occasions to other civic
Doyle's enthusiasm, dignity and poise
have caused favorable comment from
adult leaders of many civic organizations,
and has put the Future Farmer purposes
and activities in a favorable light in the
minds of many people and organizations
in his contacts.
One of the lighter moments of his
versatile life as National President is de-
picted in the photo which shows
him with Gere Howard, past Historian
of the Florida Association, FHA, and
Judge Langsdale, President of Ameri-
can Turpentine Farmers Association Co-
operative. Gere and Doyle visited the
Judge's office during Doyle's visit with
Valdosta, Georgia, Rotarians.

jr Future Farmer for October, 1949

Vaughn Active

In FFA Since

Fall of 1946

by L. C. VAUGHN, State President
State Star Farmer, Tate Chapter
MY CAREER in vocational agriculture and
the FFA began in the fall of 1946, when
I enrolled as a Sophomore at the Tate
High School, Gonzalez, Florida, and se-
lected vocational agriculture as a part of
my course of study. I was unable to take
vocational agriculture as a Freshman, be-
cause I was attending a Junior High
School where this subject was not offered.
Among the first jobs taught our class
in vocational agriculture was the selec-
tion of enterprises for our supervised
farming program, and working out a
long-time farming program for the next
three or four years. Since I live on a
general farm, my program consisted of
livestock and crop enterprises, common
to that type of farming. I already had
a fairly good start in my farming activi-
ties, through the cooperation of my
father. For my first year, I selected for
productive enterprises, five acres of soy
beans, five acres of corn, five head of
beef cattle, and four head of meat hogs.
In addition to this, my program included
five improvement projects and ten sup-
plementary farm jobs, such as building
fences, growing feed crops, repairing and
sharpening farm tools, and concrete con-
struction. My labor income for this year
was $1,03o.9o.
Along with the development of my
supervised farming program, I began to
take part in FFA activities. I was elected
secretary of my chapter for the year, and
served as a member of the chapter par-
liamentary procedure team. At the end
of the year, I attended the State FFA Con-
vention as one of the two official dele-
gates from my chapter. I also attended
a two-weeks forestry training camp, spon-
sored by the Florida Forest Service, and
held especially for Future Farmers from
every chapter in the State.
At the beginning of my second year,
I received the Chapter Farmer Degree
in the FFA, and was elected Vice-presi-
dent of the Chapter. I was again selected
as a member of the parliamentary pro-
cedure team, attended the forestry camp,
and was a delegate to the State FFA Con-
vention. That year, our livestock judging
team at the State Fair won first place, and
went to Kansas City to represent Florida
in the National judging contests. I was
fortunate enough to be selected as an al-
ternate on this team, and attended the
National Convention.
Since I was so successful with the four
enterprises which I produced in my super-
(Continued on page 15)

T HIS was a fine barn. Fire destroyed it,
all but the concrete first story walls.
Correctly designed concrete structures
can't burn.
That's one of the main reasons why so
many farmers and ranchers are building
with concrete. But it's not the only reason.
Concrete can't decay. Rats can't gnaw their
way through concrete to spoil valuable
feed. Concrete improvements often pay
for themselves through labor saved, re-
duced feeding costs, better health of live-
stock, higher production.
When you build, be sure walls and floors
are concrete, and use cement-asbestos
shingles for the roof. Concrete's reason-
able first cost and minimum upkeep ex-
pense during a long lifetime of service
make it the material of low annual cost.


Mail a postal card today for free illus-
trated literature on farm improvement of
concrete.Distributed only in United States
and Canada.

General Barns
Milking Barns
Milk Houses

Concrete Silos
Hog Houses
Poultry Houses
Feeding Floors

Hurt Bldg., Atlanta 8, Ga.
Please send me free literature on subject listed
(List kind of job) ........................
Name ......................................
Street or R.R. No............................
Postoffice..............State ...................


The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

Concrete can't burn!


Advertising Columns

"For Complete Screw Worm Control"





The name Barry's appears on every can-ask for it by name:


For Sale by your local dealer, or write direct,

FFA Accomplishments for 1948-1949

ing the past year, 127 chartered active
local chapters with a total active mem-
bership of 6115 boys. There were 3562
Greenhands, 2457 Chapter Farmers, 90
active State Farmers, and 6 active Ameri-
can Farmers. There are, in addition,
3,938 local Associate members, and 370
local and state Honorary members. For
1948-49, the total membership, active,
Associate, and Honorary, was 10,533 per-
sons. We should attain a goal of over
eleven thousand during this year.
A summary of some of the accomplish-
ments of these active members is given
Supervised Farming
Average number of productive enterprises
per member ........................... 2.08
Average number of improvement projects per
m em ber ................................ 4.12
Average number of supplementary farm prac-
tices per member ....................... 6.4
Percent of members with balanced farm
program ................................ 70.4
Percent of ownership of projects by members. 82.5
Average number of new farm skills per
member ............................... 11.5
Number of chapters having project tours .... 106

II. Cooperative Activities
Chapters No. of
Participating Activities
Business 89 197
Buying 107 375
Selling 106 302
Productive 105 341
Miscellaneous 90 243
III. Community Services

Value of
$ 43,374

Percent of chapters sponsoring
community services .......... 65
Percent of chapters participating
in improvement of crops and
livestock .................... 90
Preventing losses from diseases,
pests and injury ........... 8,385 Head.
51,346 Acres
Amount of food preserved.....204,831 Quarts
2,055 Gallons
19,994 Lbs. Meat
8,677 Lbs. Lard
Conserving Resources
Soils ............................ 2,518 Acres
Manures ........................ 2,303 Tons
Protected forest ................... 27,983 Acres
Forest Planted .................... 2,368 Acres
J. F. Williams Memorial
Forests (Established .............. 19 Forests
and/or care) ................... 15 %
Percent of chapters participating in community
beautification ............................. 90
Percent of chapters participating in improving
farm homes & other buildings:............. 80
Percent Chapters repairing and reconditioning
farm Machinery and equipment. Members.. 71
Chapters ............................... 90
Percent of chapters participating in improve-
ment of health in rural areas ............ 80
Percent of chapters participating in assisting
needy farm families.................. .... 61
Needy farm families assisted by chapters.....448
Percent of chapters that put on a community
display ................................... 63
IV. Leadership
Percent of chapters having FFA banquets.... 90
Percent of members participating in two or
more FFA Contests ..................... 43
Percent of qualified members receiving Chapter
Farmer Degree ......................... 90
Percent of qualified members applying for State
Farmer Degree ......................... 75
Percent of Florida quota (6) elected for Amer-
ican Farmer Degree ......................100
Percent of chapters with organized leadership
training program ...................... 63

Percent of chapters making educational tours.. 80
Percent of chapters having two newspaper
articles per month in local newspapers.... 85
Percent of chapters having articles in "State"
Newspapers and Magazines............... 89
Percent of chapters having one radio program.. 70
Percent of chapters having one civic club
program .................... ............ .'i2
Percent of chapters having special displays .... 50
Percent of chapters having State FFA Quartet,
Harmonica, and String Band contests broad-
cast, and State Public Speaking winners speech
broadcast ............... .............8. 80
Percent of chapters having library equipped
with agricultural magazines and at least 10
books ......................... ........... 73
Percent of chapters procuring all eligible boys
as members ...................... .....88.5
Percent of chapters presenting Chapter Program
of W ork as required .................... 100
Copies of State Future Farmer Magazine pub-
lished quarterly ..................... 10,000
Average number of members per chapter.... 48

V. Earnings and Savings

Earned by 120 chapters............. $ 55,957.00
45 percent of chapters purchased bonds
worth .............................. 4,613.00

Florida American Farmers

(Continued from page 2)
I had five acres of corn and peanuts, grow-
ing and fattening hogs for meat. The sec-
ond year my two Angus steers were entered
in the Southeastern Fat Stock Show, pro-
ducing an income of $167.oo. I also had
two acres of squash which brought a labor
income of $47.75.
In 1946-47 I became more interested in
cattle, buying four purebred Hereford steers,
which helped bring a labor income of $395.40
when sold in the Southeastern. With the
income I bought more hogs and cattle.
As time went on, with my father's help
and my savings, I was able to expand my
entire program, and during my senior year
I had six productive enterprises which in
cluded 49 acres of crops and 43 head of
livestock. My labor income for that period
was $2451.39.
In the FFA I was two years treasurer of
my chapter, was on our livestock judging
team two years, and also on a fruit and
vegetable judging team. In 1946-47 I was
one of a group which went to the National
Convention at Kansas City, Mo., where we
attended the American Royal. In 1947-48
I was one of five boys from my chapter to
be awarded the State Farmer degree.
During my junior year I began to visual-
ize my future plans, and at graduation I
began construction of my present home.
Soon after I was married to Dorothy Lewis,
a classmate. At present I own 90 acres of
land near the home and have half interest
in another 1oo acres, and am renting land
from my father and a neighbor.
MY CAREER AS A Future Farmer began when
I was in the tenth grade, with my main pro-
ject range cattle of the beef-type-a cross
between Devon and Brahman. I still have
this project and now have 14 head. I also
raised a crop of sweet corn each year, and
fattened a steer to show at the Southeastern
Fat Stock Show one year on feed grown co-
operatively with my Dad and my brother,
After graduation I have married and be-
come the father of a sweet baby girl. I
have kept up my beef cattle project and
have entered the truck farming field on a
larger scale.

My truck projects consisted of spring crops
of peppers three years, yellow squash two
years, acorn squash one year, crowder peas
two years, black-eyed peas one year, Irish
potatoes one year, and sweet corn three
years. In the fall I raised okra, collards,
cabbage, squash, and Irish potatoes, and one
year I raised 1200 broilers for market.
I do not own the land I use, but work
cooperatively with my Dad and brothers
Alvin and Raymond. I get the use of 20
acres, tractor and horse, and in return help
my Dad in my spare time and during the
summer. Pasture is obtained in the same
way, since I help Dad with the cow work.
As a Future Farmer I was vice president
of Plant City chapter, six months of which
I was acting president. I was delegate to
the state convention at which I received
my State Farmer degree. I was on the
chapter dairy judging team which won sec-
ond at the Guernsey Show at Largo. I re-
ceived the bankers' scholarship of $soo.oo in
1946 and the Florida State Cattlemen's As-
sociation award the same year. I assisted in
two Father and Son banquets and was a
member of the soft ball team which parti
cipated in the state contest.

Wimauma Sending Large

Delegation to Kansas City

Chapter to send seven members to Kan-
sas City this fall. Four of these, Sebrone
Denson, Jerry Holland, Lee Warren and
Joey Ross, are members of the State
Champion String Band. Buddy Bass, the
fifth band member, has joined the Army.
The other members who plan to make
the trip are Travis Morgan, winner of
the Chilean Nitrate District Leadership
award in District V; and Kenneth Sim-
mons, Chapter President. The seventh
member will be the winner in the Chap-
ter's contest in selling Southern Agricul-
turist subscriptions.

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

Average labor income from Supervised
Farming per member ............. 112.75
Total investment of all members in
Farming January 1, 1949.......... $554,350.53
VI. Conduct of Meetings
Percent of chapters holding two out-school
meetings each month during year.......... 66
Percent of chapters having local meeting of
90 minutes or more ...... ............ 89
Percent of attendance at regular meetings.... 70
Percent of membership with dues paid by
November 1. ............................ 75
Percent of chapters with complete paraphernalia 94
Percent of members owning an FFA Manual.. 66
Percent of chapters using parliamentary proce-
dure at all meetings...................... 95
Percent of chapters using official secretary and
Treasurer books ......................... 80
VII. Scholarship
Average grade of members in all high school
subjects ...................................81
VIII. Recreational Activities
Average number of types of recreational
activities per chapter .................... 5.6
Average number of events in all kinds of
recreational activities .................... 16.2

FFA Help Urgently Needed
The unprecedented rise in numbers of infantile paralysis patients
throughout the country this summer has reduced epidemic aid funds of the
National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis to the danger point.
These are the March of Dime funds contributed by the American people
to buy hospital care, medical and nursing service, medical equipment for
polio patients whose families cannot pay total costs unaided. With thousands
of youngsters in hospitals and, unfortunately, every indication of thousands
more to come, more money must be obtained speedily for the purpose.
Won't you Future Farmers help raise it?
As soon as you hear that the National Foundation has launched a polio
epidemic emergency drive, get in touch with your local Chapter of this or-
ganization to see what you can do to assist. The need is urgent-time is of
the essence-and the cause is great.

Keith Griffis Is Best Out-of-State

Camper at North Carolina Camp

W. A. GALLOWAY, the State Forestry
Winner in Florida this year, with Keith
Griffis, J. D. Dobson, and Coy Pearce,
came through with flying colors at the
North Carolina Forestry Training Camp.
The four boys, boarding the Seaboard
Air Line Silver Meteor in Jacksonville
for Raleigh, North Carolina, to take
advantage of the one week scholarship
that they had won, were full of anticipa
tion of things to come as they left. Keith
Griffis won distinction as best out-of-
State Camper, and received a $60.oo radio.
Twenty-four Future Farmers, all win-
ners in the cooperative Future Farmers
of America Forestry Program were hon-
ored guests of the Raleigh, North Caro-
lina Lions Club in a program sponsored
by the Seaboard Air Line Railroad Com-
The speaking spotlight was taken by
the six first prize winners from North
and South Carolina, Virginia, Alabama,
Florida and Georgia. Each told of his
various accomplishments in forestry on
his home farm woodlot. These top win-
ners were: Jerry Price of the Wesley
Chapel High School near.Monroe, N. C.;
W. A. Galloway, Vernon, Fla.; Alec
Hopkins, Jesup, Georgia; Billy Joe
Vardaman, Pell City, Alabama; Aubrey
Bradshaw, Spencer Penn School near
Ridgeway, Virginia; and Ray Rauton of
Johnston, S. C.
Dan E. Stewart, Director of Agricul-
tural Development for the Carolina
Power and Light Company, presided.
Robert N. Hoskins, Industrial Forester of
the Seaboard Railroad, made the open-
ing remarks and outlined the progress
made in cooperation with State Depart-
ments of Vocational Agriculture. This
was the first farm youth program to be
set up on a regional basis which recog-
nized individual achievement on the
farm boys' woodlands. L. Y. Ballentine,

Commissioner of Agriculture for North
Carolina, presented certificates and bonds
to the top winners-the district winners
receiving certificates.
Heading the list of more than fifty
guests were: G. B. Rice, Vice President
of the Seaboard Railroad; Professor A.
E. Wackerman, Duke University; Doyle
Conner, National President of the FFA;
M. E. Coleman, Educational Director of
the American Turpentine Farmers As-
sociation; T. G. Walters, State Supervisor
of Vocational Agriculture for Georgia;
D. T. Daily, the Seaboard's General In-
dustrial Agent; W. E. Beichler, State
Forester, N. C. Forest Service; W. E.
Gore, Assistant State Supervisor of Voca-
tional Agriculture for South Carolina;
W. C. Dudley, District Supervisor of
Vocational Agriculture of Virginia; and
George Ross, Director of the Department
of Conservation, Raleigh, N. C.


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E .

Florida Future Farmers learned lots at
the North Carolina Forestry Camp. This
group shows National President Doyle
Conner of Starke, Keith Griffis of Lake
Butler, North Carolina Commisioner of
Agriculture L. Y. Ballentine, W. A. Gal-
loway of Vernon, Vice President G. B.
Rice of the Seaboard Air Line, 7. D. Dob-
son of Sanderson and Coy Pearce of San-

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

* .

Conner Issues National Convention

Call for Kansas City October 10-13

DOYLE E. CONNER, of Starke, Florida, Na-
tional President of Future Farmers of
America, recently sent the following letter
to FFA members throughout the Nation:
"By the powers vested in me as Na-
tional President of the Future Farmers
of America, I am issuing a call for all
State and Insular Associations to send
delegates to a National Convention, which
will be held in the Municipal Auditorium.
Kansas City, Missouri, October 10
through 13, 1949.
"All chartered State Associations in
good standing with the National Organ-
ization are entitled to select and send
two delegates and two alternate dele-
gates each from the active membership,
and those candidates nominated for the
American Farmer Degree by the National
Board of Trustees, also any members
who have reservations in Kansas City,
and wish to attend the National Con-
"As a National Organization, we have
accomplished many outstanding things
this past year and at this our 22nd Na-
tional Convention, plans will be made
for this very important year ahead. Reg-

ular business will be transacted, the Na-
tional Public Speaking Contest will be
held, and Awards will be made."
In honor of Doyle, who was President
of the Florida Association, Future Farmers
of America, in 1947, a delegation of more
than 200 Florida Future Farmers, officials
and guests will ride a special train, leav-
ing Jacksonville on Sunday morning,
October 9. This train will be named
the "Doyle Conner Special".
Heading the list of officials and guests,
who will ride the train with the FFA
members, will be Honorable Thomas D.
Bailey, State Superintendent of Public
Instruction, Mrs. Bailey, and Mr. H. E.
Wood, State Supervisor of Agricultural
Education and State Adviser of the FFA,
and Mrs. Wood. By special request of
the National Organization, Mr. Bailey
will serve as one of the three judges in
the National FFA Public Speaking Con-
test, which will be held on, the first night
of the Convention. Indications are that
a number of County Superintendents,
High School Principals and other out-
standing friends of the FFA will make the
trip. The special train is being spon-

scored by the Southern Agriculturist Mag-
azine, Nashville, Tennessee, and it is ex-
pected that several officials of the publi-
cation will also ride the train. Plans are
being made for tape recordings to be
made during the trip, and these will be
sent to radio stations throughout Florida
for rebroadcasting.
Through the cooperation of the South-
ern Agriculturist, these FFA members and
guests will witness a performance of the
"Grand Old Opry" in Nashville, on Sat-
urday night, October 15.
In addition to the Florida Future
Farmers, word has been received from
State Officials that Georgia and Alabama
will each attach one or more coaches of
delegates to the train when it passes
through these States.
Florida's two official delegates, who
will take part in the business sessions of
the Convention, are Donald Burch, of
Live Oak, Past State FFA President, and
L. C. Vaughn, of Tate, 1949-50 President.
The following six State Vice-Presidents,
one representing each of the FFA Dis-
tricts in Florida, will attend the Con-
vention as guests of the State Association:

Burch Finds Four-Fold Living Stimulating Experience
By DONALD BURCH Four-fold living-physical, mental, social, religious-was
NOTHING THAT I HAVE EXPERIENCED during my years with the emphasized:
Future Farmers of America has been of the lasting benefit to Each morning we received instructions in physical fitness.
me as I know my recent trip to Camp Miniwanca will be. Our program in this phase included a track meet, an aquatic
Camp Miniwanca, located on the eastern shores of Lake meet, and tribal games.
Michigan, covers an area of three hundred acres of sand dunes, Our studies in mental development were presented to us
Wooded areas, and scenic in the form of lectures and discussions by leaders in this field.
trails bordered by Stoney Our social studies were given to us in the form of
Lake, Stoney Creek, and Lake problems in meeting situations which arise in everyday social
Michigan. life. Each night social functions were held which brought
The curriculum com- together all of the tribes in camp for the enjoyment of spon-
posed of courses in Christian taneous entertainment by groups and individuals of the camp.
ideals, personal foundations, Last, but not least, was the religious training given to us.
personal enrichment, leader- This training was, to me, a very important part of the four-
ship principles, and leader- fold program. Two hours daily were spent in this field study
ship practices. It is oper- ing subjects such as, "Life and Teachings of Jesus", etc.
ated by the Danforth Foun- In addition to our classroom studies, it was a great ex-
dation and scholarships are perience to be exposed to such personalities as those of Will-
awarded to selected college iam Danforth, President of the American Youth Foundation
and high school students, and The Ralston Purina Company, William Courtenay, an
Camp officially opened outstanding Middlewesters Protestant minister, Dr. Warming-
Monday noon August 15, ham, world-wide lecturer and professor at the University of
with the holding of our first Chicago, and Preston G. Orwig, director of the American Youth
Donald Burch poses with Will- assembly meeting. At this Foundation.
iam Danforth at Camp Mini. meeting the group was di- Of all the youth organizations present at this gathering
wanca where four-fold develop- vided into six tribes. The of 5oo high school and college students, representing the var-
ment is stressed, purpose of the division was ious organizations throughout the world, the Future Farmers
to promote competition be- of America were outstanding in their representation.
tween groups and individuals. Competition was held in ath- Each camp session, a shield is awarded to the State having
letic events, good housekeeping, and classroom work. My tribe, the highest average of individual boy's rating. I was very proud
known as the "Dakota's", won the tribal award presented on of being one of the five boys from Florida whose records won
the closing day. the State shield this year.

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

Matt Mathews, Allentown; Howell War-
ing, Madison; Alvin Futch, Plant City;
Charlie Alford, Palatka; Mittie Bronson,
Ocoee; and George Sprinkle, Homestead.
A feature of the Convention each year
is the awarding of the American Farmer
Degree to members who have been se-
lected from their respective States. Re-
cipients of this Degree are limited to one
boy for each one thousand members in
each State. This is the highest Degree
which the Organization can confer. Flor-
ida, for the second year in succession, will
have its full quota of six candidates;
Bill Norris, Jasper; Frank McIntosh, Pax-
ton; Maurice Edwards, Starke; Lloyd
Monroe, Summerfield; Lynn Ward, Chief-
land; and William Futch, Plant City.
Announcement has been received from
Dr. W. T. Spanton, National FFA Ad-
viser, that applications for the Florida
candidates have been carefully examined,
and that all of them will be recommended
to the delegate assembly for approval.
Another outstanding event of the Con-
vention week is the Star Farmer award.
From the American Farmer Degree can-
didates, a Star Farmer of each of the
four regions in the United States is se-
lected, and from these four an award is
made to one boy as the Star Farmer of
America. L. C. Vaughn, who has won
a "double-barrelled" honor by being
selected as the Star State Farmer for
1948-49, and as State President for 1949-
5o, will be Florida's representative in the
Star Farmer Ceremony.
Florida will be represented in the Na-
tiopal FFA Band by Idral Brown, Moore
Haven; and Carthel Williams, Chipley.
In the National FFA Chorus, Merwyn
Barrineau, Tate; Donald Betts, Sarasota;
Billy Holley, Blountstown; and Charles
Herndon, High Springs, will represent
the State. Members of the Band and
Chorus are selected from applications
which are sent to the National Office
from all over the United States. It will
be necessary for these boys to go to Kan-
sas City a few days in advance of the
Convention, in order to rehearse programs
for the Convention week. These organ-
izations, composed of outstanding FFA
musicians from all over the Nation, have

Wimauma Chapter is sending a large
delegation to the national convention.
Pictured above is the chapter's string

made a wonderful contribution to the
Convention Programs during the past
two years, and Florida is very proud to
be represented by so large a delegation.
Each year, the Chilean Nitrate Educa-
tional Bureau sends the six outstanding
State Farmers of Florida to the National
Convention. Winners in the Chilean
Nitrate Leadership Contest this year are
L. C. Vaughn, Tate; Jimmy Branton,
Altha; Gene Norris, Hastings; Don Fus-
sel, Webster; Travis Morgan, Wimauma;
and Van E. Cothern, Clewiston.
H. F. Wiggins, Jr., Live Oak, and his
Adviser, Mr. H. M. Folsom, will go to
Kansas City, as guests of Florida Cattle-
men's Association. H. F. was named

State winner in the Florida Cattlemens'
Feeder Steer Contest for 1948-49.
At the 1949 State FFA Convention,
the delegates voted unanimously to send
Dale Carter, Pinecrest, State Champion
Harmonica Player, to Kansas City. Plans
are also being made for the Wimauma
State Champion String Band to make
the trip.
Funds for defraying the expenses of
FFA members, who did not win a trip
to the National Convention, are being
raised by local chapters. Word has been
received in the State Adviser's Office
that, in a large number of cases, Civic
Clubs are contributing to the expenses
of local delegates.

'E..:mperor Ret
Emperor Return 1st

Athree-quarter son of our grand old sire, Emperor, is pictured
above. This bull will head our 1950 show string, and we
believe you'll be hearing more about him during the fall
and winter.

We are now booking orders for registered and grade bull
calves for delivery soon. Visitors are always welcome-but if
you can't come write for our illustrated folder.

Heart Bar Ranch


Phone 5603



The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

Forestry Camp and Other

Events Held at O'Leno

Forestry Camp
Farmers attended the 15th Annual For-
estry Training Camp August 7-20 at
Camp O'Leno. 93 delegates received Jun-
ior Forester certificates at the end of the
first week, and 63 received Senior Forester
certificates for doing successful work dur-
ing the second week.
Florida Forest Service personnel dir-
ecting the camp report that there were
only two heavy showers this year in con-
trast to unusually heavy rains during
the entire camp period of 1948. Steak,
fried chicken, turkey, roast beef and
other delicacies were frequently seen on
the mess hall tables.
Although the camp was directed by the
Florida Forest Service, it was made poss-
ible through financial contributions by
various woodland industries. These in-
cluded the Florida members of the South-
ern Pulpwood Conservation Association:
Container Corporation of America, Fer-
nandina; National Container Corpora-
tion, Jacksonville; Rayonier, Inc., Fer-
nandina; St. Joe Paper Company, Port
St. Joe; St. Regis Paper Company, Pen-
sacola, and International Paper Company,
Panama City.
The other contributors were the Ameri-
can Turpentine Farmers Association, Val-
dosta, Ga.; Alger-Sullivan Lumber Com-
pany, Century; Brooks-Scanlon, Inc., Fo-
Icy; Neal Lumber and Manufacturing
Company, Blountstown; Perpetual For-
ests, Inc., Shamrock; and Thomas Lunm-
ber and Manufacturing Company, Quincy.
Seven boys were chosen as outstanding
campers at the close of the first week

As usual Camp O'Leno was a busy place
during the summer. Top to bottom,
these pictures show the following For-
estry Camp activities: Chief Investiga-
tor 7oe Schuck of the Florida Forest Ser-
vice examines a plaster cast made in a
Forestry Training Camp class by FFA
boys; Florida Association President L. C.
Vaughn presents Orville Calhoun of the
State Department of Education with a
certificate for the honorary degree of
State Farmer, as other recipients look on
at left, William S. Chambers, yr., of the
Forest Service and Fred Conner of Ray-
onier, Inc., Fernandina; Lower panels
show presentations made by C. H. Coul-
ter, State Forester, to seven outstanding
campers at each of the two weeks of the
camp, as State FFA Adviser H. E. Wood
looks on.

L. C. VAUGHN of Gonzalez, FFA State
President; Charles Thomas of Marianna,
State Champion Public Speaker; Dale
Carter of Pinecrest State Champion Har-
monica Player; and the State Champion
Wimauma String Band, recently pre-
sented a program for the Rotary Club
of Daytona Beach, Kiwanis Club and
Coffee Club of the Chamber of Com-
merce in Tampa.
At the Rotary Club in Daytona Beach,
L. C. introduced Charles, who spoke on
"Soil Conservation". Then. Dale played
the "Fox Chase" and "Lavendar Blue".
The Wimauma String Band played three
numbers, and Dale was called back for

camp period. They were: Jerry Griffin,
Elkton; Jackie Wester, Grand Ridge;
Kelly Brock, Bonifay; Van O'Neal, Tur-
key Creek; Gene Mindedahl, Plant City;
Wayne Godbold, Winter Garden; Max
Carr, Sarasota, and Teddy Wood, Vero
Beach. These outstanding first year
campers were presented pocket knives by
State Forester C. H. Coulter, as rewards
for their accomplishments. Wayne God-
bold, Gene Mindedahl, and Van O'Neal
received tree scale sticks as additional
rewards for making perfect scores on an
examination given at the close of the
first camp period.
Chosen as outstanding campers at the
close of the second week of the camp
were: Rex Vaughn, Westville; Lawrence
Knowles, Green Cove Springs; Leroy
Baldwin, Ocala; Frank Rykard, Madison;
Eugene Barfield, Chipley; Frank Alien,
Lecanto; and Ellijo Davis, Eustis. These
boys received sheath knives from State
Forester Coulter as rewards for their
outstanding efforts during the second
camp week. Val Felsmaier of Largo,
Dwight Cullens of Alachua, Glen Lewis
of Jay, and Ellijo Davis received tree
scale sticks for making the highest grades
on the examination given at the close of
the second week.
Banquets closed each week of the camp.
At them, the names of the outstanding
campers were announced and the awards
were given.. H. J. Malsberger of Atlanta,
director of the Southern Pulpwood Con-
servation Association, was the principal
speaker at the banquet closing the first
week of the camp, August 12. Highlight-
ing this speech was the contribution of
the pulp industry to the American way of

the playing of the "Fast Express". This
program was broadcast over WNDB.
At the Coffee Club Program, the String
Band and Dale Carter performed.
Mr. Huskisson, Assistant Fair Mana-
ger at Tampa, described the program:
"As Charles spoke, you could see expres-
sions of real interest and anticipation.
As Dale performed, the expressions
changed to real pleasure and amaze-
ment, when the String Band played, the
expressions conveyed all these reactions.
In short, the entire program was thor-
oughly enjoyable, and tremendously en-
hanced because it was young boys who
were entertaining."

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

FFA Members Present Club Programs

For Tampa, Daytona Civic Groups

A. R. Shirley, Loan Program Adminis-
trator for the American Turpentine Farm-
ers Association, spoke on the "Oppor
tunities in the Field of Forestry" at the
banquet on August 19. Shirley cited tim-
ber as one of Florida's greatest assets. He
told the FFA delegates to use their re
sources wisely. "By doing this," he said,
"you can do something to help humanity
and your nation."
Throughout the two weeks, at least
one representative of the state supervisor
of agricultural education was in camp.
District Supervisors J. G. Smith and
Floyd L. Northrop, both of Gainesville,
attended the camp during the first week.
H. E. Wood, State Supervisor and
A. R. Cox, executive secretary of the
Florida FFA,. attended the camp during
the second week. Several vocational
agriculture teachers spent at least one
day in camp and a number were present
for each of the banquets.
First week delegates to the camp re-
ceived instruction in Farm Forestry, For-
estry Tools, Tree Identification, Timber
Management, Nursery Practice, Forest
Protection, Tropical Forestry, Gum Farm-
ing and Law Enforcement. Second week
delegates received instruction in Mark-
ing, Cruising and Estimating, Logging
and Milling, Telephone Line Construc-
tion and Maintenance, and Radio, Ad-
vanced Gum Farming, Advanced Timber

Management, Forest Protection and Law
When out of class, the delegates took
part in a full recreational program.
Camp staff members kept behind the
cabin athletic teams to run off scheduled
matches whenever there was slack time
and all sports were completed during
several regular sports periods. Enter-
tainment programs were held each night
of the camp except on Fridays when the
banquets filled the after-dark hours.

Tri-State Contests
were the Tri-State FFA Public Speaking
and Quartet contests on Thursday night,
and the banquet on Friday night.
In the speaking contest, Bob Blalock
of Rabun Gap, Georgia, took first place.
Dow Erwin of Glencoe, Alabama placed
second; Charles Thomas of Marianna
placed third by a very close score. All
three speakers were excellent and the
competition was keen. At the close of
the contests, Mr. H. E. Wood, State Ad-
viser, presented Charles Thomas with a
$1oo check, as State winner in the public
Speaking contest. The money was pro-
vided by the Future Farmers of America
The quartet representing the Sidney
Lanier FFA Chapter, Montgomery, Ala-
bama, won top honors in that contest.
Georgia's entry, the Baldwin chapter,

placed second, and Florida, represented
by a quartet of singers from the Willis-
ton Chapter, placed third.

State Farmers
L. C. VAUGHN, State FFA President, pre-
sided at the banquet, with the assistance
of the other state officers. As a part of
the program, the officers awarded the
honorary State Farmer Degree to W. S.
Chambers, Chief, I &c E Division, Flor-
ida Forest Service, Fred Conner, Rayonier,
Inc., Fernandina, and Orville Calhoun,
State Department of Education.
A check for $1oo was presented to L.
C. Vaughn, who won the Star State
Farmer award for 1948-49. A. R. Cox,
made the presentation on behalf of the
IFA Foundation, donor.

Executive Committee
THE STATE FFA OFFICERS arrived in camp
on August 16, and remained through
August 19. During this period, a leader-
ship training program and an executive
committeee meeting was held under the
supervision of H. E. Wood, State Ad-
viser, and A. R. Cox, FFA Executive Sec-
retary. The State FFA Program of Work
was officially adopted by the group, and
other important items of business were
handled. The new officers took over
the state association program with a lot
of interest and enthusiasm, and each one
pledged his best efforts.

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

Cattle of the Future

For Future Farmers ...

Brahmans are very definitely the cattle of the future, not only for Florida but for the United States
as a whole. This belief is justified by the steadily increasing demand for Southeastern Brahmans
throughout the country, as well as by the steadily improving quality of the Brahmans you see at Florida
stock shows each year.

As the cattle owners of the future, you owe it to yourselves to learn all you can about the
Brahman breed. Learn, for example, why Brahmans are disease resistant, are "air-conditioned",
and are known by packer buyers for their high dressing percentages. Find out about the cattle of
the future!

Mail this Coupon )
Box 1051, Ocala, Fla.
Since Brahmans are a new breed,
there is little written information Please send me your illustrated folder about Southeastern Brahmans.
about them. However we have just
published a folder giving some facts, (Please write a letter if you would like more detailed information.)
and we have access to other material
published by the American Brahman
Breeders' Association. Just clip the NAME .................................................
coupon and mail today.
A D D R E SS ..............................................
I -------------------------------------

-. c. r..

Outstanding record of the Paxton FFA Chapter is due to the work of the boys and
their advisor pictured above.

Paxton Future Farmers Have One of

Most Active Organizations in State

AT THE BEGINNING of each school year the
F.F.A. Chapter members and Adviser',
John E. Baldwin, of the Paxton High
School, make out a program of work to
follow through the year. Chapter
officers are elected and are responsible
for seeing that the program is carried
out. Officers for this year are the follow-
ing: President, Billy Bryant; Vice Presi-
dent, Hobbie Hargrove; Secretary, James
A. Patterson; Reporter, J. W. Hayes;
Treasurer, Cotton Brunson; Sentinel,
Clayton Geoghagan.
This program is divided into eight
parts: Supervised Farming, Cooperative
Activities, Leadership Activities, Com-
munity Activities, Scholarship, Conduct
of Meetings, Earnings and Savings, and
Recreational Activities. Under each div-
ision goals and means of reaching the
goals are set up. This program of work
hangs in the classroom and is a constant
reminder of work to be done.
The chapter has sixty-four active mem-
bers and four honorary members. Of the
active members, three are state farmers,
thirty-five are chapter farmers, and
twenty-six are greenhands. These de-
grees are attained by having outstanding
project programs and leadership ability.
All but five of the boys in high school
are F.F.A. members.
The Paxton Chapter was rated the
best chapter in the state of Florida this
year and received fifty dollars in War
Bonds. In other contests, Paxton won
sixth place in the State Quartet contest,
first place in the sub-district horseshoe

contest, second place in the sub-district
parliamentary procedure contest, second
place in the string band contest, first
place in the sub-district public speaking
contest, and third place in the district
public speaking contest.
The chapter won first place in the
Walton County Fair and received fifteen
dollars, first prize. Wayde Wilkerson
showed a purebred Duroc gilt and the
chapter bull donated by Sears Roebuck
and Company. Both won first place and
cash awards. Roy Harrison also showed
a gilt in the fair and placed first in his
Junior Yates was the delegate to the
Forestry Camp sponsored by the Florida
Forest and Parks Service. This camp
furnishes an opportunity for the boys to
learn more about forestry as well as
providing wholesome recreation and
leadership activities.
George Whittington, Robert Mitchell,
Jackie Gordon, Clayton Geoghagan, and
Bobby J. Gordon have set out a total of
ten thousand pine seedlings this year.
These seedlings were furnished free by
the County Agent.
Seventeen members and Mr. Baldwin
attended the Tampa State Fair, February
4, 5, and 6th. The livestock judging
team composed of Billy Bryant, J. W.
Hayes, and Junior Yates won fourth
place in the State, with one-hundred-
twenty-five chapters participating. The
hay, grain, and forage judging team,
composed of Hileary Geoghagan, Wayde
Wilkerson, and James A. Patterson, won

fourth place in that State contest. Both
teams received cash awards. During the
trip, the Norris Cattle Ranch near Ocala,
Florida, was visited. This trip was very
educational, as well as entertaining.
A hog feeding experiment was con-
ducted by the chapter. One hog was fed
corn, minerals and protein supplement,
and gained seventy-two pounds. The
other hog was fed corn alone, and
gained only thirty-five pounds. The hogs
were sold and two more were bought.
The chapter has purchased a five tier
electric brooder in which to raise fryers.
The chickens for the Father and Son
Banquet were donated by Sears Roebuck
and Company, and were raised in the
brooder. Ninety-nine out of one hun-
dred were raised on three pounds of feed
per pound of meat, or a cost of sixteen
cents per pound. Another two hundred
fifty were raised and sold to make money
for the chapter treasury.
The chapter has sold coca-colas, maga-
zine subscriptions, home canned goods,
and turkeys to raise money to carry on
chapter activities.
Regular meetings are held on an
average of twice monthly, at which time
chapter business is transacted. Each one
is conducted according to parliamentary
procedure, and lasts about two and one
half hours.
The eighth grade class in agriculture
planted a spring garden to furnish some
of the vegetables for the school lunch
room. Each boy was given two rows to
prepare, plant, cultivate, and harvest.
This project aroused much interest
among the students, as well as provided
the lunch room with fresh vegetables.
The agriculture boys erected a new
fence in front of the school building, and
also built a fence around the agriculture
building. A concrete block flower bed
was built around the flag pole, and the
boys assisted in planting flowers and
Chapter members are equally active
outside of the F.F.A. Chapter, holding
nineteen offices in the high school. Each
year the National Association of Future
Farmers of America gives the State of
Florida approximately five hundred
dollars to assist some chapter in a special
project in their community. This money
is awarded on the basis of applications
received by the State Association. Paxton
applied for the money to help buy a
concrete mixer and a small feed-crushing
mill for use by the members and the
community. The chapter was awarded
the money and now has these pieces of
equipment which are making a definite
contribution in our community.
A picnic ground for the school was
started by the F.F.A. members. A war
surplus cook stove, secured through the
State Improvement Commission, is now
being used. A barbecue pit will be
built soon.

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

State President
(Continued from page 7)
vised farming program the previous year,
1 decided to continue them and increase
the scope as much as possible. I pro-
duced ten acres of soy beans, five acres
of corn, five head of beef cattle, and
five head of meat hogs. Two of my beef
animals were registered Herefords, and
one of my hogs was a registered Duroc
Jersey. I also increased the size and scope
of my improvement projects and supple-
mentary farm jobs. My labor income
for this year was $2,484.15.
During the current year, 1948-49, which
is my third year in vocational agricul-
ture and the FFA, I am continuing my
general farming program with ten acres
of soy beans, ten acres of corn, five meat
hogs, and five beef cattle, with an ex-
panded program of improvement pro-
jects and supplementary farm jobs.
My total labor income for the first two
years of my program was $3,515.05. If
my current years' activities are successful
as it appears now they will be, I should
make a labor income of around $3,ooo.oo.
This will give me approximately $6,ooo.oo
labor income for my in-school years in
vocational agriculture. In addition to
my supervised farming program, I have
earned $375.oo from other farming ac-
tivities during my three years in voca-
tional agriculture.
My interest and activity in the FFA
have increased from year to year, and in
1948-49 I served as President of Chapter.
When I first became an FFA member,
the possibility of serving as a State Of-
ficer did not even enter my mind, but
as my interest in this great organization
developed from year to year, I decided
that I would offer myself as a candidate
for a State Office at the 1948-49 Conven-
tion. On the second day of the Conven-
tion, I was notified that I had been se-
lected as the Star State Farmer, an honor
which I had never even dreamed of win-
ning. Then on the last day of the Con-
vention, the delegates elected me as their
State President for the coming year.
I plan to attend the University of Flori-
da to continue the study of agriculture
before I settle down full-time on the
I cannot close this account of my ac-
tivities in the FFA and vocational agricul-
ture without a word to boys who are just
beginning their careers as FFA members.
The opportunities afforded by this great
organization are unlimited. Any boy
with the ambition to do so, can secure
the training and experiences necessary to
make him a good farmer, a better citizen
and leader in the community.

AMERICAN FARMING has been influenced
to a marked degree by the FFA.

Improved Pastures

The amazing improvement in Florida pastures has
helped to put Florida cattle on a profitable par with
cattle from other sections. It is the result of a new
method of fertilizing clover and grass pasturage
initiated by NACO, and includes the use of minerals.*

Reprints of an article describing this method, pub-
lished in the November, 1945, issue of Florida Cattle-
man, are yours for the asking. Just send a card to
Naco Fertilizer Co.

*Naco 5-Star Brands con-
tain Zinc, Iron, Manganese,
Magnesium, Copper, Boron



Keep FLORIDA Green

Prevent Forest Fires

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949


FRl00 FRI01
Sterling Silver... $ 3.00 $ 3.50
10K Gold........ 15.00 18.00
*Furnished in sizes only up to 9%
Prices subject to 20% Federal Tax and any State Tax in effect.

Green Hand, bronze ..........................................25c, no Fed. Tax
Future Farmer Degree, silver plate......................28c, plus 20% Fed. Tax
Belt & Buckle, bronze or nickel finish.................... $2.25, no Federal Tax
Tie Holder, gold plate ............................... $1.40, plus 20% Fed. Tax
All above prices subject to any State Tax in effect.
Write for Catalog
Official Jewelers for F.F.A.





Last year we supplied 100 pure-
bred DUROC pigs for chapter
and individual projects,-80 to
Miami Jackson High. From
our fall crop we expect 150 of
even better quality pigs. Con-
sult your advisor, make early

Jim Bob Bruce
Hiways 25 & 80 Clewiston



Fat Stock

Events Are Next
at the



Future Farmers
are always welcome!


We commend to FFA
members the reforesta-
tion and fire prevention
program of the State of



Ponce de Leon Veteran

Gets Set Through Training

by JACK MILLICAN, DeFuniak Springs
Veterans Teacher, Knox Hill Class
ing has helped many veterans to become
established in a farming situation. One
of these veterans who has made progress
is Emmett Cannon, whose farm is located
ten miles south of Ponce de Leon, Florida,
at Red Bay on Highway No. 81.
Emmett entered training April 6, 1947
in the Knox Hill Veteran's Agriculture
Class of the DeFuniak Area. At the time
of entering training, he was in the pro-
cess of constructing his farm home. The
home was not completed when Emmett
occupied it, but some work has been done
since then. The home has been screened,
porches constructed, electric pump in-
stalled and some rooms have been com-
pleted on the inside.
At the time of entrance into training,
Emmett was doing general farming, but
during that year he became very much
interested in poultry; so, the following
year found this trainee raising poultry.
In the fall of 1947, Emmett had a small
flock of layers which came into produc-
tion in November. He marketed these
eggs locally. With this small laying flock,
he carried some broilers. During this
time, Emmett was more or less feeling
out the poultry business. At the end of
1947, poultry was his cash enterprise.
In February of 1948, Emmett purchased
500 chicks of which he planned to save
200 pullets for layers. He raised these
pullets, and in September of 1948 ob-
tained a contract with a hatchery to fur-
nish eggs for hatching purposes at a
premium price. In order for the eggs
to be used at a hatchery, the hens must
be tested for pullorum. As a result of
the test given in September, 1948, this
laying flock received a rating of U. S.
Certified pullorum clean. From the time
these hens began to produce until they
were sold in July of this year, they net-
ted Emmett approximately $12oo.oo This
figure is after the cost of chicks and all
expenses were taken out.
After his 1948 flock did so well.
Emmett decided to expand to 500 laying
hens; so, in February of 1949, he pur-
chased 800 pullets for selecting his flock
from this year. This flock is new in
production, and has been tested for pul-
lorum with a U. S. Certified pullorum
clean rating.
Alorig with his layers, Emmett pro-
duces some broilers for the market. Last
year, he marketed about 3500, and pans
to market about the same for this year.
Emmett is married and has one child.

Mrs. Cannon is very much interested in
her husband's program. She enters into
the live-at-home program, the farm record
keeping, the home beautification program,
and is very much interested in the laying
project, especially as to gathering eggs.
Mr. and Mrs. Cannon have made pro-
gress in their entire farming program.
They purchased a milk cow, constructed
laying houses, and broiler houses, in-
stalled running water in the poultry
house, purchased a farm truck, started a
farm shop, set out an orchard, and made
many other improvements.

Branford Vets Believe
Permanent Pasture Pays
by L. M. WILLIAMS, Teacher
Institutional On-Farm Training Program,
through observation and study, has
reached the conclusion that the only way
to satisfactorily round out a general farm-
ing program, is to include in that pro-
gram an increasing amount of good
permanent pasture.
In 1947, there was no permanent pas-
ture among the total group of veterans,
not a single acre. Through the efforts
of the individual veterans, and the help
and guidance of their instructor, this
group set as their goal a minimum of
two acres of permanent pasture for each
individual veteran. At the present time,
they have planted over two hundred
acres, ranging from a few days old to two
years old. Planting is still in process
and an additional one hundred acres
will be added by October of this year.
All of the better varieties of grasses are
being planted, including the following:
Pensacola Bahia, Common Bahia, Coas-
tal Bermuda, Pangola, Common Bermuda
and Carpet. Clovers are being planted
in small lots to determine their possibili-
ties in pasture improvement in the soil
type in Suwannee, LaFayette and Gil-
christ Counties.
Three hundred acres seems to be a
relatively small amount when you hear
of one farmer planting 1oo or 200 acres
of permanent pasture in one year. But,
it must be remembered that these vet-
erans have small farms, a large number
recently purchased; and their financial
status, though improving by leaps and
bounds, is not as good as they would
like to have it. However, they are con-
vinced that improved pastures will con-
tribute materially to their success in

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

American Legion Offers

$1000 to Veteran Farmers

In State-Wide Contest
$1000 in prizes to veterans winning in a
State and District "Veterans Better
Farming Contest".
The Agricultural Committee of the
State Legion planned the contest to en-
courage agricultural activity among
Florida Veterans.
Prizes will be awarded for projects
started after February 1, 1949, and com-
pleted by February 1, 1950. Projects will
be judged on the basis of land use, crop
and livestock improvement, farm and
home improvement, management and
farming business and community service.
Some points will be given for Legion
activity, but contestants do not have to
be Legionaires to win.
Details of the contest will be mailed to
Legion Posts, Vocational Agricultural
Teachers, Veterans Instructors, and Soil
Conservation Agents.
Legion Posts will be asked to select
agriculture committees and arrange prizes
at the local level. District winners and
the department winner will share $iooo
in prizes, being arranged by the depart-
ment committee.
The contest was among activities
planned at an organization meeting of
the department agriculture committee,
held at state headquarters, August 13,
with Department Chairman, W. M.
Scruggs of Monticello, presiding.
Attending the meeting at Tallahassee
with Chairman Scruggs were G. W.
Dansby, Alachua, Vice-Chairman; J. R.
Sasser, Gainesville, State Conservationist;
T. M. Love, Chipley, Vocational Agricul-
tural Teacher; Leo Bilinski, Monticello,
Veterans Teacher; Buster Hancock
Groveland, Farm Bureau; J. Henry
Smith, Pompano.-Excerpt from Florida

.', ..- .*a .,
In only seven weeks Mrs. Rose O. Vitti, the only woman member of Groveland's
veterans training class, finished broilers to weights of three pounds. Here she's pic-
tured in her chicken yard.

Woman Veteran Raises Three Pound

Chicks in Seven Week Period

MRS. ROSE O. VITTI, only woman member
of Groveland's Veterans Training class, re-
cently finished broilers to a weight of
three pounds in seven weeks.
Mrs. Vitti, a PL 16 Trainee, was dis-
charged with arthritis from the WACS.
She served three years in the Army Air
Corps, one year on recruiting duty.
Mrs. Vitti's method of raising broilers
is proving successful. The broilers are
raised entirely on wire. The o3' x 54'
broiler house is divided into six different

Farmers Trade Bahia Grass Seed for

Pasture Mowing Job at Cottondale

Soil Conservationist, Marianna.
THE OLD ADAGE, "All things come to him
who waits," has been very appropriately
amended with the clause, "provided he
waits long enough".
Hubert A. Christmas, a Veterans
Trainee, of Cottondale, wanted some
Pensacola Bahia grass, but didn't want
to wait too long to get it. He also fig-
ured he could keep his money and still
get the grass seeded on his farm.
W. C. Fitz has a tract of Pensacola Ba-
hia grass that was seeded with seed har-
vested by R. L. Price and returned to

the Chipola River Soil Conservation Dis-
trict in a two-pounds-for-one agreement.
The seed furnished Price was grown on
the Soil Conservation Service Nursery
at Brooksville and granted to the Dis-
trict to be used in long range soil and
water conservation programs.
Now, Christmas wanted bahia grass
seed, but didn't have any. Fitzpatrick
had bahia grass he wanted mowed, but
didn't have a mower. Fitzpatrick and
Christmas made a deal that would satisfy
both. One got seed he wanted, the other
got his Bahia grass pasture mowed and
neighborly trading helped both.

The starting room is 2a' x 18', and
contains two battery brooders equipped
to handle 1240 day old chicks. Mrs. Vitti
puts in 800 day old chicks and leaves them
until they are three weeks old. At that
time, they are transferred to the first of
the five different finishing rooms, and
each week are moved to another. The
finishing rooms are 121' x 20'.
Feed and water are provided in such a
way as to make it unnecessary to enter
the room until they are moved or sold,
and the room disinfected for another
Top capacity of the house is about two
thousand birds. Since September, 1948,
Mrs. Vitti has fed and finished 6400
broilers, most of which have been mar-
keted at a weight of 2- to 3 pounds,
which takes usually 8 to io weeks.
In addition to broilers, Mrs. Vitti has
about soo pullets, which should begin
to lay in about a month. By adding
eggs to her production, Mrs. Vitti hopes
to increase retail sales, which will in-
crease her income.
Manure from the broiler plant is used
to help fertilize twenty acres of grove.
The home orchard includes satsumas,
jaffa, Parson Brown, Temple and Ho-
mosassa Orange, pink and red grapefruit,
lemons, limes, kumquats, guavas, figs,
*peaches, avocados, loquats, and bananas
-a good variety of fruit.

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

Corn and Livestock Basis for the

Veterans Flashes Fine Record of Dewey McDaniel

R. C. JENKINS started in On-The-Farm
training in November of 1946, with a
1940 model car, $300 cash and a little
furniture. Since then, through a loan
and hard work, he has purchased a tractor
and traded his car for a pickup truck.
To make the home a place of greater
pleasure for him and his wife, the fol-
lowing things have been obtained: a
deep freeze, sewing machine, large re-
frigerator, washing machine and radio.
Through the guidance of his teacher,
John Pittman, R. C. has seven brood
sows, a purebred male hog, 41 acres of
peanuts, 49 acres of corn and soy beans,
and a field of corn which is being used
in a fertilization test.

Live Oak
ARTHUR LENTON, enrolled in On-the-Farm
Training Program in August, 1947, as
a sharecropper. Since then, he has
bought fifty-five acres of land, and built
a modern rock home, equipped with
electricity. Also, he bought a tractor
with equipment, a purebred Jersey cow,
an electric pump, twenty-five turkeys,
two hundred baby chicks, and two pure-
bred Duroc gilts.

ABRAHAM JACKSON, a trainee in On-The-
Farm Training Program, lives on his
twelve acre farm, a few miles south of
Jasper. He has a three acre tobacco
allotment, and over a three year period
averaged about 1450 pounds of tobacco
per acre, which he sold for $45.00 per
pound. On his farm he produces sweet
potatoes, sugar cane, and corn and pea-
nuts to fatten the sixty-nine head of
hogs for market.

ON DECEMBER 1, 1946, a local veteran
entered the Institutional On-the-Farm
Training Program as a general farmer.
Like most other young farmers of this
area, Frank Burgess did not have too
much available capital. By use of good
planning, managing, and improved farm
practices Frank has made outstanding
Although Frank is still a non-owner,
he owns tractor and necessary equipment
to carry on the farm operation. Fairly
good land has been available to him for
a reasonable rent. He has increased his
row crops as well as his herd of hogs.

DEWEY MCDANIEL enrolled in the Veter-
ans On-Farm Training Program, Febru-
ary 12, 1947, at Chipley, and since that
date he has made a most remarkable
record in improving his farm and also
his methods of farming, under the super-
vision of Finley Duncan, Veterans Teach-
er, and T. M. Love, Vocational Instruc-
In 1948, Dewey decided to raise his
average corn yield per acre and to raise
more and a better grade of hogs. By
proper care for and better breeding,
he raised thirty-two feeder pigs from one
sow in 1948. This year he will get two
litters of pigs from the same. sow. By
using better methods of fertilization and
cultivation, he increased his corn yield
Io bushels per acre in 1948.
In the early spring of 1949, he secured
enough seed corn for eighteen different
variety tests. The corn was planted in
four row strips through the field, and
was fertilized with 450 pounds of 4-10-7
fertilizer per acre. No side-dressing was
applied. A 26-foot row strip of each
variety was harvested and weighed sep-
arately. This was done before all the
-corn was thoroughly dry, and therefore
does not give a complete picture of just
what the total production would have
been, but the figures are worth noticing.
The S-21o Woods weighed out 14%W
pounds of snapped corn per 26 feet.
The corn was fairly dry and the ears
were of medium to large size. Second
place in weight was the Florident White
with 13 pounds of corn per 26 feet.
This corn, however, was green and not
nearly so dry as the third place corn,
Woods S-240, which weighed out 1212
pounds of good dry corn.
The Florident Yellow, Florida W-i-
Munroe, McCurdy's loio-W, the F-4
Gadsden County, Florida 9001, and the
Florida W-2 were all green when the
test plots were weighed on July 28.
Another fact found out with the dem-
onstrations was the early maturity date
of certain corns. This fact will be of
material benefit to him and farmers of
this section who are interested in grow-
ing corn for early hog feed.
The Funks G-714 and Funks G-737
were almost completely dry. By looking
at the four row plots one could readily
see that the two Funk corns were by
far the earliest of the entire eighteen
varieties planted.
His hogs are now on the corn with
protein supplement being fed as recom-
mended by his instructor.
Recent improvements around the
trainee's home include-a running water
system, a kitchen sink, a large carpet

grass lawn, and three acres of White
Dutch Clover.

Vet Cows Bangs Tested
by JOHN S. BRAXTON, Instructor
ON AUGUST 11 & 12, 1949, 174 head of
cattle belonging to the trainees of the
Cottondale classes of Institutional On-
Farm Training were tested on their home
farms for Bang's disease. This enter-
prise was undertaken as a cooperative
project by the two classes.
Dr. A. F. Clark of the U.S.D.A. tested
the cows with the assistance of Veterans
Teachers, C. L. Townsend and John S.
Braxton, and On-Farm Trainees, Charles
W. Henderson, Caro Syphrett, and Moses
W. Braxton.
The above is just one of several co-
operative projects undertaken by the two
classes this year. Having already pur-
chased over 275 tons of mixed fertilizer
and two cars of dolemite this year, they
are planning to purchase several more
cars of dolemite this year to be used in
their permanent pasture programs. 1200
pounds of re-seeding Dixie Crimson
Clover seed have already been purchased
and are expected to be delivered within
the next few days.
At the present, plans are underway to
arrange for the purchase of ten tractors,
with full equipment, cooperatively.
Everyone can see that cooperation be-
tween farmers has enabled them to save
money on their purchases, therefore every
effort is being made to purchase more
and more farm supplies cooperatively.
We are all firm believers in the idea
that "a dollar saved is a dollar earned".

Butcher Demonstration
THE ON-THE-FARM trainees in the Green-
ville Veterans Class held a demonstration
of butchering beef to improve the quality
of home butchered meat.
Mr. Lamar Andrews and Mr. N. T.
Langston, local merchants, gave short
talks on beef production; in caring for,
in feeding and in grading prior to
butchering of the animal. Mr. Langston
demonstrated a good method of bleeding
the animal. Then while two veterans,
Willie Willis and A. M. Cone, Jr., dressed
the animal he answered questions and
explained the process of dressing.
The following men were guests of the
veterans for the demonstration: Rufus
Coker, Earl Langston, Mel Day, Julian
Laney, Jimmie Merrell, Larry King and
Watts Bush.
The animal used for this demonstra-
tion was raised on the FFA land lab.

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

Graceville and Campbellton On-Farm Trainees Attend

Headland, Alabama, Experiment Station Tour August 11

Veteran Teacher, Graceville
and Campbellton trainees with their In-
structors and Area Supervisor toured the
Headland, Ala., Experiment Station
Thursday, August 11. Mr. BTogden con-
ducted the group over the station and
made the following recommendations:
CORN: Plant corn early, by April 15,
turning under a good cover crop of weeds
or lupine for best yields. The following
varieties were recommended for crib
corn: Dixie II, Dixie 17, Dixie 18, Louis-
ianna 468. For early hog corn, McCurdy
95 and North Carolina 1932 and Funks
loo2 were recommended. All corn was
fertilized with 300 pounds 4-10-7, and
1oo pounds of nitrate of soda. Corn
following lupine was not side-dressed.
Many new varieties were being tested.
Last year McCurdy 95 showed up well.
On a basis of test made last year, it is
recommended above minhybrid. Mc-
Curdy 95 yielded 12 to 15 bushels more
and is about two weeks later than min-
hybrid 602.
COTTON: Coker 0oo and Stonewilt
were the varieties that showed up better
than any others in tests conducted over
the last four years. Fertilize cotton with
5-600 pounds 4-10-7 and side dress with
5o pounds potash and ioo pounds Nitrate
of Soda. Where lupine was turned un-
der, cut down on the amount of side-dress-
ing material. The use of cotton defoliate
was not recommended unless the plants
were extremely rank.
PEANUTS: Runner peanuts are the
only ones planted at the station to any
extent. It was felt that Spanish peanuts
would not pay off under most conditions.
A fertilizer of 300 pounds of o-12-20 fer-
tilizer was recommended for peanuts in
this area. To prevent fertilizer burning
on peanuts and cotton, all land to be
planted to peanuts and cotton, is bedded
on the fertilizer a week or two before
planting. The use of four copper-sul-
phur dustings increased peanuts yields
about 700 pounds of peanuts per acre
above those not dusted and the use of
four copper sulphur-DDT gave around
400 pounds of peanuts per acre increase
over plain copper-sulphur dusted pea-
nuts. Many field experiments are being
conducted this year on the use of lime
and land plaster.
Tests conducted on the germination
of peanuts show that peanuts showing
95 per cent germination under laboratory
test will actually germinate only about 65
per cent. The reason for this is the test
in the laboratory is run under ideal con-
ditions and in field the conditions are
somewhat different.

grain sorghum as a mature grazing crop
for either hogs or cows last year gave ab-
solutely no gain. This was a rather ex-
pected result.
CROP ROTATION: A 54 acre farm
was purchased by the station a few years
ago. It was divided into three 18 acre
sections which were planted to corn, pea-
nuts for hogs and peanuts for market.
Each year lupin was planted after dug
peanuts. Corn followed the lupine and
following this was the peanuts for hogs.
The system is recommended for a rotation
for this area. It was recommended that
cotton be planted on the best land suited
for it year after year, turning under as
much organic matter as possible.
Lupine increased cotton yields 600
pounds of seed cotton per acre, 4-500
pounds of peanuts per acre and io to 15
bushels of corn per acre.
HOGS: It was recommended that pigs
be farrowed January I and July 1, as
they fit into their system of farming best.

A FARMING PROGRAM to provide gainful
farm employment throughout the year
is the aim of trainees now enrolled in
On-the-Farm Training at Brooksville.
Each veteran has a program planned to
meet his individual needs and the land
capabilities of his farm. A year-around
program for each veteran involves a live-
at-home program, soil building practices
and cash enterprises, which can be live-
stock, poultry and crops of various kinds;
also, pasture to feed livestock on the
farm, home improvements and farm man-
agement are included in the program.
Records kept by the trainees show that
during the past year many of them have
had larger cash incomes from livestock
and poultry than from crops. Among
those showing more income from livestock
than market crops are Randolph Saxon
and Charlie Batten. Recently Charlie
had a large well drilled to drain water
from approximately eighteen acres of
good bottom land that will provide ex-
cellent pasture for his livestock.
Randolph purchased an excellent beef-
type Angus-Brahman bull to be used in
grading up his herd. This is his sec-
ond improved bull purchased since he
started his G. I. farming program. He
has ten acres of improved Pensacola Bahia
pasture on his 278 acre farm, and plans
to put in an additional twenty acres soon.
To supplement his winter grazing, he

The July 1 pigs are produced cheaper as
they are fed very little bought feed. High
grade sows and purebred males are used
at the station.
PASTURE: Common Bermuda grass
and Crimson clover on high land and
Bermuda and White Dutch clover for
low lands were recommended. Carpet
grass and White Dutch has given good
results on low land. The income per
acre of pasture this year was estimated
to be $1oo per acre and the fertilizer cost
$7.50 per acre. The pasture was two
years old. It was limed with one ton of
lime per acre. Another application will
be made in 8 to to years. An application
of 4-500 pounds 0-12-20 per acre is made
COWS: All cows were grade cows pur-
chased at auction sale. A purebred Here-
ford bull will be used this year for
breeding these cows.
This was one of the most beneficial
tours ever taken by the men.

feeds citrus pulp.
A good example of a poultry farmer
is revealed by the progress made in ap-
proximately one year by John Buchtan.
He cleared 2o acres of land and built
a fence around the entire farm. He con-
structed a 1ooo chick capacity cement
block brooder house, two 6oo capacity
laying houses, a cement block home, a
workshop and garage. With very little
outside help, he has done all the work
himself, even laying the cement blocks.
At the present time, he has looo laying
birds in the two laying houses.
Some poultrymen are putting into prac-
tice diversified farming with the addition
of improved pastures in their farming
program. In cooperation with the soil
Conservation Service, these poultrymen,
Frank Voscinar, and John Alexsuk, have
planted approximately sixty acres Pensa-
cola Bahia. Also, many other trainees
have received Pangola grass to start a bed
for future plantings through this vet-
erans program.

JOHN PIERSON, Veterans Instructor, and
K. M. Eaddy, Vocational Agricultural
Teacher, guided the Sanford Veterans
On-The-Farm trainees in organizing a
cooperative organization to be owned
and operated for their mutual benefits
as producers.

The Florida Future Farmer for October, 1949

Year-Round Farm Employment Sought

By On-Farm Trainees at Brooksville

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