Group Title: New era, or, Home journal.
Title: The New era, or, Home journal
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The New era, or, Home journal
Alternate Title: Home journal
Physical Description: v. : ; 55 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: A.L. Spedon
Place of Publication: Hamilton Bermuda
Frequency: weekly
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bermuda -- Hamilton
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 4, no. 2 (Oct. 15, 1884).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076591
Volume ID: VID00019
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 19568994
lccn - sn 89049270

Full Text


' I. -

-A. Weekly Newspaper, Specially Devoted to the Gener., Interests of the Inhabitants of Bermuda.

Our Coloy-a United people w undivided interests.

No. 7-VOL. III.] HAMILTON, BERMUDA, WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 14, 1883. [12s. or $3-00 Per Annum
Wri te fo th aioa"REPES"i-

Every Wednesday

51 papers comprise the annual issue ;
one week being reserved for the printers
during the Christmas Holidays.
PRICE-12 Sbillin.g per annum-paid
semi-yearly (in advance.)
inches of Column, in depth: 1st inser-
tion, 1 shilling each ; 2nd ditto, 6d. ;
each additional insertion, 3d. per inch.
Editor and Proprietor.

Timne Calendar.

W T F S 8 M TW T F S S M T
1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6
3 4 "5 6 7 8 9 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
10 11 P.1 13 14 15 1614 15 16 17 18 19 20
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
20,25 26 27 28 29 ;;i 29 30

in i'O W V of ih IL IO ,

hours of Service-V-ornting and Evening.
1 o'clock, A. m., and 4. p. m.-alternately.
Sunday School -9.30, A. M.
Church Service--11, A. m. and 4, P. M.--
FKreli,, ervice--7 P. m.
Sunnday School-9.30 A.M. and 2.30, P. M.
Pastor Rev. J. A. McKEEN.
Morning Service-11. A. M.
Evening ditto 7, P. m.
Sunday School--3, Pi. .
Prayer Meeting-Thursday, 7.30, P. M.
Toung Peoples' Institute-Tuesday, 7.30 Pr.
WESLEY CnHnaH, Church Street.
Pastor, Rev. J. COFFIN.
Sunday Services--11 A.M. and 7 P.M.
Sabbath School--2-30, P. m.
Prayer Meeting-Tuesday, at 7.30, P. M.

Pastor, Rev. C. W. DORSEY.
Morning service -11, A 3M.
Evening ditto 7 P. M.
Sabbath School-2.30, P.x.
Prayer Meeting-Thursday, 7.30 P. M.
Rev. Dr. WALSH, V. G.
Morning Service at 8.30, A. m. and 10, A.M.,
Vespers and Devotions-7 o'clock, P. M.

NOTE.-Seats provided SPECIALLY for
Strangers in all of the above-men-
tioned Churches.

Rates of Postage.
To the United Kingdom.... 4d. per oz
" Dominion of Canada. 3d, "
United States....... 2d. "
West India Islands.. 4d. '" "
4 British India ........... 5d. "
Countries of the Postal,
Union on the Continent
of Europe, France, Ger-
many; &c...........4. d. *" "
4 South Africa"............ 9d. "
AustraliaaudNewZealindlOd. "
ld. for each-not exceeding 4 ounces.
Newspapers and Periodicals printed and
published in Bermuda may be sent by Post
to any part of the Islands free of charge.

Circulars and Prices Current, Books,
Panmphlets, Prints, Drawings, &eo., to any
part of Bermuda-
ld. per 4 oz. ea. packet.
Limit of weight-3 lbs.
Bqok Packets of the above descriptions,
to Foreign Countries, Id. per 2 oz. each
Packet. No such packet may exceed 24
inches in length, or 12 inches in width or
depth, or, 2 lbs. in weight.

Inland Post Cards are issued at jd. each,
and may be sent to any part of the Islands.
Foreign Post Cards are issued at 1ld.
each for transmission to the United King-
dom, United States, and other Postal Coun-

tries, -
Letters may be Registered by paying
a fee of 2d. in addition to the ordinary

Written for the Manitoba "FREE PRESS,"
by Dr. Arton, formerly of Bermuda.]

Meanwhile the look-outs on shore
have made out the ship and signalled
from end to end of the country, Mer-
chant steamer in the northeast," and a-
way go the pilot boats in search. The
law is that the first pilot who reaches
the ship shall take charge of her, or at
least receive pilotage dues if on any ac-
count he is not accepted. In the case
of the New York steamer there is one
pilot who always takes the vessel in, and
the steamer waits for him. He is, or
was, a Mulatto, with an immense cor-
poration, named Gilbert, but the activi-
ty with which he seizes the man-ropes
and scrambles up on deck hugely belies
his obesity. Soon we enter the channel
at the eastern end of the islands, and
passing the town and harbor of St.
George on our port, we thread the deli-
cate passages along the northern shore
for full twelve miles until we come a-
breast of Her Majesty's dockyard ; then
taking a turn we steer south by east in-
to the land-locked harbor of Hamilton,
the chief town. In the meantime we
may, or we may not have been boarded.
by the Trubicund health officer, pretty
much as he pleases, but in any case we
are not likely to be stopped, coming
from a northern port. This is not al-
ways an advantage to the Islands, for
cases of scarlet fever, measles, &o., oc-
casionally find their way thus into what
would otherwise be a land of undiluted
health. Yellow fever, the great bug-
bear, has been effectively shut out since
M:i ch, 1864, and so 1'.i nas .uarantine
regulations are ip!*. -l' carried out
there need never be another epidemic
there The disease cannot originl'ato in
Bermuda ; it must be brought from a-
broad and introduced. Once introduc-
ed it finds Bermuda a favorable nidus,
and as experience of the past epidemics
shows, its fatality is not behind that of
its other habitats.
The steamer dr;ws alongside of a low
built wharf, but the water is not deep
enough for her to lie close alongside.
Then commences the most comical ex-
hibition of native ingenuity and antiqui-
ty imaginable. The steamer throws a
heavy line on shore, or rather it is car-
ried on shore from the steamer by a
boat. This is made fast, and the other
end is taken in by the donkey engine
on board until the ship is hauled in to a
certain distance from the wharf, then
long poles from shore are fastened by a
line to the enuine and these are draw-
ged over the intervening space until a
connection is established between the
shore and the ship. Now cross pieces
are lashed underneath these long pie-
ces, and on these are laid planks, and at
length, after nearly an hour's patient
waiting, the stranger may, satchel in
hand, walk ashore.
The Custom House officials are not
very troublesome, except when there is
a Fenian or a dynamite scare in the air.
Let me warn the tourist,, whom I hope
I have induced to come thus far, to be-'
ware of "tipping" the Custom House
officials, They are all blueblooded, pro-
bably first cousin to the Aitorney, Gen-
eral or Secretary of State, who may be
only performing these duties as a recre-
ation "don't yer know," and woe be to
the man who offers a tip. It is quite
different with the uniformed officials
who guard the shores and the boundary
of this and the neighboring States.
Having got you safely on land, I have
disposed of the second consideration
which I offered to induce Canadians to
visit the Bermu.das. *
The third claim which Bermuda has
upon Canadians is its climate, and in
this respect a distinction has to be made
between a climate for health seekers and
a climate for pleasure seekers. Bermu-
da offers a fair field for both. We do
not mean to say that all forms of sick-
ness are benefited by a residence in
these Islands, far from it; we should
.certainly not choose to send a patient
suffering from tubercular consumption
to Bermuda. Especially in the light of
the recent discoveries as to the parasitic
origin of this disease would Bermuda,
a priori, appear to be an unsuitable
home for consumptives. There is a con-

stant moisture in the atmosphere there,
which, together with the comparative
high temperature, favors the develop-
ment and growth of those minute organ-
isms which are now so widely believed

to be the cause of phthisis, yellow fever
and other zvm-'t ic diseases. .Am oni th.-
natives it lhas lleen our expeiienoe that
cases of true- tiibojeulosia ws :re r-',id i']
their pro.'-. s- t'owwtri a ttr trmin: -
tion. On to, .,ti:er hLa: j, r'i', n
of p ll0o'Il'try V f uij l- s :P. i i u. .
favorable aspect, and in' many instances
patients from abroad with un resolved
patches of pneumonia and bronchial
troubles were restored to health. Acute
pneumonia is a comparatively rare dis-
ease, and under not too uinfaiv-ral.le cir-
cumstances rarely proves fatal. The
climate seems to have little effect one
way or the other on cases of rheumati-
sm, but where the cardiac complications
in this disease form the most important
factor in the issue, a placid, calm mode
of living, such as is to be had here, can-
not but have a favorable tendency. And
this brings us to speak of Bermuda as
the resort, par excellence, of cases class-
ed under the comprehensive name of
nervous diseases. To the man whose
nervous system is entirely run down
from press of work, worry and business
anxieties, we know of no place better
adapted for complete recuperation.
Here we have seen the merchant from
'change, the judge from the bench, the
lawyer from the bar, the speculator from
Wall street and the lady from a successi-
on of routs and dissipation, afflicted
with the various forms of nervous debi-
lity which such Wor'.ds are liable to,
completely recover their' wonted vi.:oi
and return to their homes in afew weeks
.ready, doubtless, d'(.pite, the warning,
to play their trump c., once more.
Many things conspire to this l'.,!iv
result. They are practically as much
secluded and apart from the world as if
shut up in some retreat. News of the
fall of stocks, the crash of e:. ires the,
march of armies, the progress of plagues,
or even tlho<. little domestic disquie-
tudes which tf.ild to keep up a cease-
less worry "an r.a.-ih them here but
once a fortnight. To tihe ,ali':-,1i2.,
repose while yet in the tlir.i.;ing vor-
tex of -busy life this may appear as a
disadvantage, and he may conclude that
the uncertainties and anxieties -1, ;i-
dent upon such a 1..'. interim in his
correspondence would act banefully.
And so it would in some sylvan retreat
within an hour's ride of the great me-
tropolis ; but here the spirit of the
place comes into play. After the first
week of unrest and rebellion against
this ef,,i',r- inactivity a calm imper-
ceptibly settles down on his turbulent
spirit, and the man who to-day declares
he cannot live without his daily news-
paper, hourly telegrams, and minute
telephonings, in a week will'lly
contemplate his solitude and scarce rem-
ember on what day the steamer is due.
This is no fancy picture, but the person-
al experience of many cases which have
passed under ihe writer's hands. The
time is. pleasantly occupied in ('
nothing, and, as a gentleman, at one
time resident there, -is. ', to say, We
have nothing to do, nothing to do it
with, nobody to help us do it, and no
time to do it in." The hours pass with
flying foot, and what is in reality a long
day comes to an end oftimes before it
can be realized. There is no such thing
as excitement; every one moves as
though he had a whole life time in which
to do a day's work ; everything is con-
ducted on the most approved plan of
Anglican ponderosity and slowness.
There are no railway trains to keep peo-
ple on the qui vive. There is not even
a town clock in the town of Hamilton
by which the preciousness of hours and
minutes may be noted. This dreamy
sort of quiet soon takes possession of
the most restless spirit and steals upon
his senses like the balm) South wind.
From the pleasure seeker's point of
view there is also something to be said.
Here he must not expect to see nature
in her wildest moods, though occasional-
ly the islands are treated to a storm
which satisfies all the cravings of the
seeker after the terrible. Everything
is built in proportion. The whole
country is a microcosm, and the beau-
ties are all in miniature. There are
many beautiful drives, and at no time
can one get beyond a few minutes of
the seashore. This lends a peculiar
charm to the landscape, for ever and
anon a rare glimpse of lovely scenery
breaks upon the view, with the sea in
its varying moods as a gorgeous setting
to the whole. It is not our purpose to
enter into minute details of the various
points of interest to the tourist.; If he
be determined to do" them in the
same manner as he rushes down Broad-

way he may look at everything worth
looking at in the course of a week. He
will not see them in that time, for the
rarer beauties are not to be called forth
and passed in review like a series of

stereoscopic views. To the man who
loiters by the shell-strewn beach or sits
on some o'erhanging rock watching the
ceaseless play of the waves,' or wanders,
torch in hand, into 'some of the huge
subterranean caves whose mighty sta-
lactite columns-reflect the light in weird
dashes,, and listens to the monotonous
drip which falls from their porphyry
roofs into abysmal depths whose gloom
he cannot penetrate-to such a man
nature will open her choicest store-
houses, and a pleasure rare in other
climes will fill his thirsty soulo. There
is a nameless charm about tihe moorn-
light in this favored land ; the whole
structure of the islands being a soft,
white limestone, which intensiiles the
brilliancy and s.-.. .--, of the moon's
light. In. this southern clime all that,
poet ever sang of this glorious orb and
its influences might be aptly applied.
" The silvery light, which, allowing trees
and tower.
Sheds beauty and deep softness o'er the
Breathes also to the heart and o'er i
A loving langour which is not repose."
I can imagine nothing more powerful as
an excitant to the feelings than a walk
by the murmuring sea at this witching
hour. Each wavelet as it comes rip-
pling in is capped with the sparkling,
phosphorescent light, and the low wind
sighing through the cedar groves serves
as the requiem of the-dying spirit of the
blast. Alone, at such an hour and in
such a scene, What man can help feeling
a new purity permeating his world-worn
spirit.? And with a companion-Ah, ye
We have incidentally remarked the
moisture and the comparative high tem-
perature of the Bermudas. the limited
area of the group and the unlimited ex-
panse of water all around, produce a
more or ,less constant moisture in the
a! mosphere, which is simply ;i ,t of the
Atlantic Ocean. The rain-fall is consi-
d er.., hl-, :, xraci;, sixty inchesaper an-
num, though the monthly falls vary
from 3-80 inches in January to 5'07 in
December. July and Auuust seem to
be the wettest months, -iv.-r.i .,i: respect-
ively 5-70 and 5 83 inches average in the
last ten years. The temperature has a
range of 30 to 35 degrees. The winter
temperature, January, February and
March, will be somewhere about 50 de-
grees, while the summer heat of August
and September ranges from 80 to 90 de-
grees. Sea-bathing may be in.iiigid in
all the year round by the robust, and
nowhere has sea-l'a'ini such charms.
You can have sirt-!'at.i7ng or the deep
header, as you will.
Besides the rare beauty of the general
scenery, there are some points of inter-
est to which all tourists tend, as do pil-
grims to their shrines. These of cous'e
are neither many nor possessed of that
rare interest which invests the time-
honored rendezvous of tourists in Eng-
land and E.',,pe. TLe colony is not
quite 300 years old, and has not yet ac-
quired the ornaments of age. There are
one or two old churches and church-
yards, with their quaint symbols and in-
scriptions; here and there a fine, old
tree which has stood probably half a
millennium. There is Moore's Calabash
tree, all hacked with initials. Perhaps
you did not know that Tom Moore lived,
and loved and sang in these Islands.
Oh yes he did, and you can find Tom's
"Nea" still represented 'by direct des-
cendants. Then there is a tree which
served as a rostrum for Whitfield, and
the old rock on which Juan Bermudez
landed on the south shore so long, long
ago, but which still retains the initials
of the adventurers cut on its face with
their knives. You can see old commu-
nion services and old cedar chests and
cedar furniture of most antique design.
It used to be the home for "old china,"
but alas! the Philistines have despoiled
it. Then there are the wonderful caves,
and the Devil's Hlole or Neptune's Grot-
to, and many more such natural curios-
ities, about which, were I writing a
guide book, I should have to enlarge.
There are the Government House, and
Admiralty House and grounds, and a-
bove all, what I had nearly forgotten,
the grand --the glorious "Bermuda
Dock. Of course it is as a naval sta-
tion that Bermuda exists, one may say.
But for this, the Imperial Gqvernment
would have little use or regard for her.
As it is, however, Bermuda has a great
floating dock, said to be the largest in
the world. This monster was designed
by Mr. Campbell, North Woolwich, and
built by the firm of Campbell, Johns-
tone & Co. I am particular as to name
and residence, because I can really re-

commend the firm to parties desiring a
similar article. It came ot--flioat.:
out-from England, towed by the
" Warrior" and '" lack Prince," and

steered by the "Terrible" and towed
by the "Lapwing"--thirty-five days
from the Downs; 1,000 tons of coal
stowed away on board the Wrri.
and the Black Prince," and I think that,
is all. My conscience is clear of a great
load, for I am sure the Bermudiaun-
would never have forgiven me had I
forgotten their dock," and I am not
sure that I would have forgiven my-
self. Only a few finishing touches
from the Bermuda almanac. Dimen-
sions of floating dock:-length over
all, 381 ft.; breadth over all, 129-75
ft.; depth over all, 75 ft. ; breadth
inside, 84 ft.,; total weight, 3,340 tons;
number of rivets, 3,000,000; weight
of rivets 800 tons. It contains irres-
pective of engine room, pump, wells,
etc., 48 distinct water-tight compart-
ments. There are eight pumps of
ten horse power each. whose aggre-
gate endeavors raise 16 tons of wa-
ter per minute. If full, the dock
would contain 37,000 tons of water.
Each compartment is fitted with
valves worked from the upper deck.
The whole dock may be careened
from side to side, as required, for re-
pairs, cleaning, etc., and the keel
brought five feet out of water by simp-
ly filling the top compartments of one
side. The dock is sufficiently power-
ful/to lift a ship of the ii.otaur class
with a displacement of 10, ,t)J tons,
which, added to the weight of the
dock, gives a total displacement of
1 ),')00 tons
By boat you may visit the No'u'h
Rock, the remaining pi "., 1-. of a
submerged Bermuda. Here you find
the roots of cedar trees imbedded in
the red soil between the rocky clefts,
pointing back to iti .,. when the
mainland extended in all proil.J-ility
twl'. e miles at least more to the
north. A moonlight row to Fairy
Land is oit',? f the treats which must
not be ounit,'- on any account. Of
course it would never do to pass over
the residence of the Hon. J. H. Trim-
mingham, Inglewood," where H. R.
H. Princess Louise spent her winter
(1883.) No doubt it will be one of
the show places for future tourists.
As a finale I would mention the
Gibb's Hill lighthouse, whose glad
beams have brought joy to many
a weary soul off this rock-bound coast.
Until quite recently this was, in point
of quality, the first lighthouse in the
world. Now there are .one or two
which eclipse it. .Technically the
light is a revolving dioptric lens of
"the first order, with mirrors, with
" one central lamp of three concentric
" wicks. It shows a bright flash, con-
"tinuning 6 or 8 seconds, and repeat-
" 'd ce, every minute." Gibb's
Hi is the Ihighest point of land in
Bermuda, and the lighthouse itself
is 133.75 ft. from base to summit.
The lamp is 362 ft. above sea level
and can be seen, at an elevation of
100ft., nearly forty English miles from
land (33.37 nautical miles.) A per-
mit can be obtained admitting visitors,
who, from the top of this column, on
a clear day, can have one of the finest
panoramic views of the islands. One
can almost credit the correctness of
their apoebryphal number, 365, when
he sees dotted all around over the ex-
panse of ocean the multitude of spots
dignified by the name of islands. The
cost of burning this light is about $2,-
500 per annum.
There are two points of approach
from which this light cannot be seen,
and, consequently, another light-house
has been built on the eastern end of
the island. This is a fixed white light
of second order, 280'75 feet above sea
level. By taking the bearings of the
two lights the navigator can place his
vessel on the chart, and thus escape
the danger incidental to a too neat
approach to the islands after night-
fall. Besides being so wonderfully
defended by nature (no vessel could
possibly come in shore v.ithout a pilot,
owing to reefs), art has been invoked
to form defences for what Britaip edi-
dently considered the Mlti!ai cf the
Atlantic. These forts are not open
to the. visitor. They occupy promi-
uent positions all along the north
shore, protecting the chancels which
lead fr',m the outer sea to the various
anchorages. Also on the south side,
where the reefs would r'l'tenut a ves-

sel's coming near shore are to be
found batteries and camps.
[Conclusion next wOck ]

AL a

, *1 ",

; .- ,."^a -. .. "

HAMILTON, NOVE \E,'. 14,1883.

Editorial 4)ur E1..
Recently we took a ramble west-
ward, thro' Paget and Warwick to
get a peep at the young growing crops
and things in general by the way.
Taking a southerly direction from
the mainroad west of Paget Church,
and having had a glance at several
Planters' places, with their surround-
ings, we at last came to a full stop at
Mr. David Frith's, near the south
shore, to see his recent ii! '. ...-,t.
in conectipn with agricultural pursuits
which we have heard favorably spoken
of. Some 18 months ago Mr. Frith
came from Turk's Island and settled
here, since then he has set out a num-
ber of grape vines, nearly all of which
have a healthy appearance, also a
large-sized plot of strawberries, be-
sides a banana orchard, and quite a
variety of valuable fruit trees, among
which we noticed the guava, sweet
orange, lemon, loquat, mango, pear,
American apple and cherry. Mr.
Frith has apparently got a whiff of
the 19th century inspiration into his
noddle, for he forsees that 'something
else must be grown in Bermuda than
Potatoes and Onions, or the soil will
evidently become deteriorated and the
people ruined, therefore he has made
a bold stroke to see what the country
can grow in the shape of fruits and
other vegetables.
Taking a westerly course across the
beautiful hills and vales of that parish
we came at length to a breathing spot,
and eventually took up a position for a
time upon the summit of what we im-
agined to be Mount Pisgah, to get a
Mosaic view of the surrounding land-
scape, and locally discover what
the Trust Worthies" of Uncle
Rufus Hatch (the New York Million-
aire) had done and were doing since
our former visat several months ago,
but ;we felt disappointed in the fact
that the work of erecting his princely
mansion had been suspended, and
that comparatively little improvement
since our former visit had been made.
A sort of solemn stillness pervaded the
place all around and the only two
legged creature we beheld, apparent-
ly ,in full charge of the place was an old
hen with a brood of chickens, which
might possibly have been HATCH-d
out, in some nook amid thQ terraces
intended to adorn the front of the fu-
ture mansion of Uncle Rufus who is at
present too busy HATCl-ing out some
gigantic Enterprize in America, to take
a microscope view of his prospective
Bermudian palace.
Having taken a full sized 'glance at
the surrounding scenery all of which
is highly magnificent, we moved west-
ward and in a comparatively short
space of time found ourselves located
in the large, beautiful and well laid
out garden of Mr. Richard Kempe, of
Warwick, in company with another
gentleman and the owner, both of
whom are enterprizing agriculturists
and of such a class of men as Ber-
iri'ud requires to develop and improve
her natural resources.
At different seasons during the
past three years we have several
times visited this garden, and on
every occasion found that Mr.
Kempe had so systematically arrang
cd the seeding of plants as to have
always some sorts of vegetables in a
condition fit for use, and continuous-
ly experimenting with some new sort
of plants;-as for instance, this sea-
son he has introduced a new and val-
uable sort of tomato, also okra,
scotch-kail and asparagus, all of
which presented a very promising
appearance, particularly the latter
which for some weeks he has been
profitably utilizing. Some few years
ago he imported American straw-
berry plants, and after several unpro-
fitable attempts with different vari-

eties he eventually succeeded in get-
ting a sort which till recently did well.
Notwithstanding the partial failure of
his old plants and also a new variety
during the present year, he has a few
days ago imported another lot, appar-
ently determined to not yield to ad-
verse circumstances until he has
thoroughly discovered whether straw-
berries can or can not be grown pro-
fitably as an article for 1bcal or for-
eign use.
Further westward we moved along,
leaving the "Auld Presbyteriap Kirk
of Warwick" in the rear, the edifice in
which the celebrated Whitfiel
preached during his visit to Bermuda
nearly 150 years ago. The people
of this Parish, 'especially the Presby-
terians; arie untd for their peculiar
Scottish proclivities, for nearly all
their preachers and school teachers
for a century, or perchance two, have
been Scotchbikun.
About of a mile further on we
were confronted by another sacred
edifice known as the Episcopal Par-
ish Church of Warwick';, but so far,
we have failed tot find out which of

the two sanctuaries is better entitled
to the original Parochial name.
While taking a hurried view of- the
numerous graveplots and family
vaults in the adjoining burial ground
a wierd-like vision of supernatural
origin in solemn tones whispered in
our ear the following verses :
God's 1 l... 1 Acre is his own,.
Held by a mortgaged deed,
Leased out to All, not One alone,
Of any special creed,
In class and color, friend and foe,
Whatever sect by 1namo,
There is no creed-distinction now,
Their dust has equal claim.
Feeling that we were beginning to
flare with the inspiration that came
booming up' from the mystic problem
of Burial Rights and equal-creed-
privileges, and dreading an interview
with the ghostly inmates of Sheolah,
we moved off from the "consecrated
ground" and ,"i'.;.i.1 westward, but
had only gone a short distance when
our attention was ,tti;>-:tLd by the
1;:0p A-.u,:',e of a beautiful mansion on
a gentle acclivity at a short distance
from the highway, and which had
been erected since our last previous
visit to that neighborhood. While
halting a few seconds to wonder
whom it belonged to we were inform-
ed that i't was the country residence
of Mr. Thi,?,'.I.,-1-:. J. Lightbourne,
Coroner, recently and for several
years a resident of Hamilton. Just
the place we had purposed to call at,
to see his recent field-improvements,
fruit trees, etc., of which we had
heard a good deal. At that moment
we were recognized by the proprietor
himself, who was not long in giving
us a welcome introduction to his new
home, which bears the rural title of
"Tamarind Villa." The building is
52 feet in length by 46 in width, and
is fronted by a large verandah. It is
well-designed, having commodious
apartments, and the whole is htsti--
fully finished, the workmanship in
general being of a first-class order. In
front is an immense and magnificent
tamarind tree said to be 200 years
old. Its regularly formed boughs ex-
tend over a large area, forming a
lovely canopy, sufficient to shade two
or three hundred persons from the
sun-rays. In the rear of the building
are several grotesquely trunked taxna-
rinds, so interwoven and growing as
it were, into each other as to consti-
tute a wonder worthy of admirattbn.
Two of the large elongated offshoots
from the base entertwine and clasp a
cedar tree growing in their midst so
closely as would appear that they had
designed and decided to destroy the'
innovator of their assumed territory.
On the western aide is a large cala-
bash tre4 now bearing itA nut-fruit in
different stages of development. To-
wards the south is a commanding
view of a long and comparatively
high hill, between the base of which
and the highway is a sort of marsh
vale, which is being gradually convert-
ed into arable land by its di:.i-,-ut.
proprietors of whom Mr. Lightbourne
is one. The frontal aspect of this
hill is that of a gradual slope, thick-
ly dotted from base to summit with
beautiful cedars, the whole for-mi"ng
an attractive and picturesque view.
Accompanied by Mr. Lightbourne we
strolled ,over a portion of his field
and pasture grounds, and came at
length to his extensive orchards, said
to be the largest in Bermuda. The
fruit trees are set out some 20 feet,
apart every way and number between
two and three hundred. Among the
vast variety, all young trees, we notic-
ed the banana, shaddock, tafigerin,
sweet, and mandarin oranges, lemon,
golden apple, sappadilla, guava, almond,
cinnamon, nutmeg, poinceanna, Bairba-
dos pride, loquat and the Russian mnul-
berry. In other parts of his garden he
has ornamental trees, among which we
observed the screw palm, mountain cab-
bage palm and the India rubber. Near-
ly all the trees come from the West In-
dies and. South America, and in their
present position represent a considera-
ble amount of money and labor. Mr.
Lightbourn has not gone into grape and
strawberry growing, but purposes mak-
ing this a branch of his agricultural in-

As the sun was now verging towards
its daily destination we resolved upon
going no further westward on this trip,
but had time enough to take a bird's'
eye view of Mr. Walter Smith's recently
purchased estate, and there found that
great improvements were being carried
on in remodelling the old residence into
that of a beautiful mansion. Mr. Smith
purposes also to make a vigorous at-
tempt at growing some of the vine and
vegetable luxuries besides onions, pota-
toes and tomatoes. At length having
bade adieu to Tamarind Villa and the
kibd and courteous lady of the house we
took our departure on wheelshy the side
of our esteemed friend, and in a short
time found ourselves at the point we
started from that morning. During our
rambles we observed that the young
crops, notwithstanding the recent heavy
rains, presented a healthier and more
promising appearance than we had an-
ticipated. One of the many pleasing
features of our short tour was that of
recognizing the fact that there nere at
the least, some enterprising agricultur-
ists who have to 'Iv '.i upon testing whe-
ther Bermuda can produce profitable ar'-
ticles for export besides the stereotyped
growing' of onions and potatoes:

*' -* / '
To the granting of subsidies to
Steamers which are likely to be the
means of opening new avenues for
our export prnln,-- ,',., there will be
in all probabity iJ..,- direct oppo-
sition in the House or throughout
the Colony, as it would appear that
there is a general feeling in favor
of vii-igW ; .. n,'- no i' to any new
scheme- especially of a foreign nature
or Oei'i'i,-that would assist in rescu-
ing the country from its financial dif-
ficulties. However, before grantii'g a
subsidy to any steamer the Legisla-
tive representatives of the People
should have a correct and definite
understanding of the conditional a-
greement with the Steam Ship Com-
pany. To grant ti'08 or 3000 as a
subsidy shd allow the company to fix
their own f!'- eight and passenger rates
would be unwise .vln. The Que-
bee Steam Ship Company have in this
w'ay had the special advantage over
the people. Had the Legislature or
Board of Works retained an executive
prerogative in this matter there would
have beei cheaper rates betwcet-n
Bermuda and 1T. -v York.
The opinion, or in other words the
belief, thuc tL.. "Union S. S. Line"
will prove an immense source of ge-
neral benefits to Bermada, is rapidly
gaining ground :- h'ij the people. As
to the Hamburg Line there is without
doubt a less certainty of it being at
least, for some time a profitable source
to the people of these Islands. If we
understand its arrangement correctly
these steamers ply between the Bra-
zils and Montreal making monthly
trips. There are six or seven months
of winter in Canada which would
prevent navigation to the Port of
Montreal during that time therefore
the only means of transit from Hali-
fax would be that of the Intercolonial
-the intermediate distance by rail-
way being some 570 miles. By such
means Bermudian produce (as it is
generally packed) would run a chance
of being frozen and rendered useless
were it sent previous to the 15th of
April; n-d some years there are
' killing frosts" in the Province of
Quebec till the 1st of May, and even
Shipping onions by this route would
necessitate safer package; tranship-
ment would increase freight rates, and
after all the Canadian market for
early onions and potatoes would be
comparatively limited. Independent
of this, these *,-t:.iut'rs would become
a source of benefit to VBermuda, were
they to call here on their return to
Br:.1ils-I-y bringing a certain _.~~-.
of produce from the middle Provinces
of Canada-suclh as oats, corn, flour,
pork, cornmeal, hay, bran, oatmeal
and lumber, &c., all of which could
be purchased c.,;:piar.,dlively cheaply
there and in q-di.y would be p,..rn-
or to any o4 that clasof articles ge-
nerally imported here for sale, a great
part of which is scarcely deserving the
name it assumes and is known by. Bat
unless the company :i;.-t. to bring
fii,-Jght from .:-''.t real and Quebec,
&c. for Bermuda, it would seem un-
wise policy to grant a subsidy, the
, .1.-:utV.: t -; of which would be nearly
all on the side of the company.
NOTE-Since writing the above it
appears that the Legislature on Mon-
day granted a subsidy to the Union
Line, but on what conditions we have
not yet learned.

Fur the New Era.

The two articles which we have con-
tributed to the columns of the NEW ERA
on the subject of the "New Line of
Steamers" has suggested to our mind
the question above stated, It has been
said by some that Bermuda can hardly
be regarded as a farming country, and
that England, the mother country, at-
taches less importance to this feature of
the welfare of the colony than to her in-
terests in other respects. If we drop the
feature of farming in regard to Bermu-
da's welfare, what have l,:'>t? She is
surely not a manufacturing country ; she
has no factories at all. She is not a com-

mercial country, because she has no
commerce at all; she is not a mining
country, because she has no mines at all;
she has no fisheries-on the contrary,
most of the fish which her people con-
sume come from abroad. She is not a
stock-raising country, for as we know
most of her stock is imported. When
we come to apply these tests to 'the ques-
tion asked above, there is but one an-
swer ; and that is, that she is a farming
country or she is nothing. If you des-
tro3 her farming interest you destroy
the leading and principal means for the
support of her people. The business of
her merchants does not extend beyond
the limits of the Island-4hey send'a-
broad for only as much inmcirhandiz4 as
is necessary to supply the wants anla e-
cessitios of the Island. The lawyers and
doctors arc liiiiit.d in iuAnib"r to tihe re-
quirements of the i','ople of the Island ;
and so with the trades and \x ithi the oth-
er professions. She is not even a seat
of learning" ; on the contrary, those who
can afford it send their sons and daugh-
ters abroad to be educated. Farming
being the main and principal business of
the people, with whiat jealous care should

that interest be guarded. Blest with a
generous soil and 1r.,:,.pili',.,. seasons,
her crops generally correspond with the
amount of labor bestowed upon them.
No one will question the proposition
that it is the duty of the government to
do all that can be done to foster and
protect this interest. What might be a
protection and benefit to agricultural
produce in other countries would avail
nothing here. The people in the main
can take care of their lands and raise a-
bundant crops without much assistance
from the government. Already it is be-
lieved by many that are well informed
that our crops are now too large for our
markets. Any assistance therefore which
the government might give to increase
the quantity of agricultural products
would be an injury and not a benefit,
unless at the same time new markets
were found for ,the sale of these pro-
ducts. The aid, then, which the people
ask from the governrc-s- is in regard to
the question of markets for the sale of
the produce of the soil when it is made.
A box of onions cannot be raised in Ber-
muda, including the cost of the box, for
less than three shillings ; yet the farmer
is frequently compelled to take much
less than that sum for them. Repeated
occurrences of this kind have ie.~trl3
brought the farmers to a state of bank-
ruptcy. Almost every other farm is
covered with a mortgage which sooner
or later will be closed at the cost of the
party giving the mortgage, unless a
change for the better takes place. The
question is asked every day by the de-
pressed and heartsick farmer if the gov-
ernment cannot do something to in-
crease the price of their products. The
answer is yes ; it can do much to aid in
this behalf. Four or five thousand
pounds annually expended in the way
of judicious subsidies would add many
thousand pounds to the value of our
crops. If our ports and harbors are
made accessible to the great army of
ships that are daily passing from coun-
try to country all subsidies would soon
be done away with. \\ e would have
the most choice markets of the world at
our di-p..-.-i. Suppose, for instance,
you substitute Castle Harbor for Grassy
Bay, and give to the passing ships a
safe landing on the mainland free of
el.-r..+ ; what would be the effect?
Like the magic power of Aladin's Lamp
that matchless harbor would soon be-
come the resting place for ships from
almost every country. Then substitute
a narrow-guage, inexpensive railroad
from the ship landing to Hamilton, in
place of the transport now employed in
running freight from Grassy Bay to
HaTnilton and the plan would be com-
plete. The distance of eight or ten
miles of railroad would be passed over
in thirty minutes, allowing an ple time
for grades and curves. Several ques-
tions present themselves at this point.
1st-Is Castle Harbor the best and
safest harbor on our coast? 2nid-Can
the obstructions in the channel to this
harbor be removed at a cost within the
imeuims of our government ? 3rd--Can
water 'i."i-,- otly deep be found for suit-
able wharfs on the miiin land ? 4th-
Will not the cost of even a narrow
guage railroad, including depots, en-
gines, cars, ..... .1 etc., exceed the be-
nelits to- be derived from such an ex-
penditure? 5th-What effect will all of
this have upon the prosperity of Hlamil-
ton should it be !.'. :. ,ii i'.',1 ?
If general repute is to be relied upon,
the first question is easily answered'; for
it is generally conceded that Castle II ar-
bor is the best wge have. The second
question, as to the expense of removing
the obstructions in the channel, like the
third, is easily ascertained by direct in-
spection by competent j:' 1. -. The
fourth question, as to the cost of the,
railroad wibh its :.,p ,;.'; n.1:',_-'... is one
not so easily answered. We confess
that the expenditure in our estimation
would exceed the advantages arising
from the outlay if the resources of l-.'r-
muda are to remain what they now are.
To justify this expenditure therefore we
must assume that we can offer a safe
and good harbor to every "'..- ., : ship
free of costs. We must assume more-
over that the effect of uch advantages
would make Bermuda a depot for the
re-shipment of many tropical produc-
tions besides giving greatly increased
value to the products of our own people
in the wider range of markets. All of
these suppositions might be granted
for they are almost self-evident. Let
us look a little further into the future
prospects of the Island provided we are
put in communication with the great
markets of the two continents. Should

such an occurrence happen the traveling
world would soon discover that no where
else could they -find a spot of earth so
well adapted to the habitationofman as
Bermuda. They would learn the stAry
as to how difficult it was for a man to
die here except from old' age or some
organic disease. They would discover
that the climate was' so genial that a
man could wear his summer clothes in
winter and his winter clothes in sum-
nLer. They would discover that the
soil would yield three crops a year, and
that the seasons of rain.are so reasona-
ble that the crops are never flooded with
superabundant showers or parched with
distressing droughts. Such discoveries
would greatly increase our population.
If the vine can be successfully grown
here, a new value will be given to a class
of our lands heretofore yielding nothing
to their owners. The grape prospers
upon the hill side. The drainage af-
fn,.1,. by the slopes is natural to its
growth. Fertile spots all among the
stones on the hill sides can everywhere
be found to plant a grape vine. What
would the French people give for our
fertile hills braced with stone to prevent

washing, if they had them in their own
country. Here they are worth no more
to us than the same am ount of blue sky.
In their hands or in the, i. n,.I oef other
vine growing people, they would be
clothed with vines yielding crops annu-
ally, of immense value. When fairly
and properly tested, if the grape"proves
a success, it will dQuble our population
in five years, and increase'the money
value of our real estate beyond a reason-
able 'calculation. One thiing leads to
another and step by step a country ad-
vances in its material prosperity. Should
the tide of Bermudian prosperity once
set in no limits can be set to its onward
march. England is but an island her-
self, yet she astonishes the world with
her untold wealth and her unconquera-
ble power. Why should Bermuda not
be as great in proportion to her dimen-
sions as the mother country ? Nature
has done all that can be done for her,
and nothing remains to make her one of
the most desirable habitations on earth,
but energy and enterprise.
If what we have been saying is a mere
chimera of the brain it is not worth read-
ing. But if there is a .'':'lid reality in
the hints which we have attempted to
shadow forth, profit by what we have
said. Persons who for years have been
afflicted with inertia are slow to meddle
with any change however practicable it
may be. But we must recollect that
light and knowledge are everywhere fol-
lowing in the footsteps of thi'- Eung.-,
language; and science is every year
imparting new energies and new enter-
prises to civilized man. If the views
herein set forth are practical they will
not escape the notice and attention of
our Islanders, If they are impracticable-
we feel sure that no one will be misled
by what we have said. Those who rule
the offices of State are wise enough to
continue safe g.i'. -, for the people and
they will never allow an expenditure (f
the people's money without a reasonable
prospect of corresponding benefits.
In our next and last article on this
subject,v we propose not only to answer
our fifth question, but to give some rea-
sons why Bermuda should become a seat
of learning.

To the 1liEHt of the New Era.
DEAR Sm,-As everybody expected,
the Burial's Question has been put back
again by the Assembly to rankle and
fester in U.'- minds of both oppressors
and o l .r --..-.:' for another year or
period of years. Nobody believed thaft
the prayer of the Petition would ,be
granted ; but eve-ry one had a right to
expect that it would have had a fair con-
si&dration. But it i's pretty generally
believed that the present Houpe is, pre-
judiced a rainst the question, and that
some members had' to promise at the
hustings to vote against their own party
in order to secure their seats, sic rr".e.
AD ASThA. It was met1 in com imittte bv
a contemptuous and apparently pree.-n-
certed silence excepting b..; a i'tJ.! i -
who can, never L. I-.' silent., buLt no argu-
mi-nt worthy of i. ;'i.. ;'i' w broug'ut
against the question, only the old tl. :l-
b ire yarn If they take the grounds
they will take the C' u1..:.--., too." Of
course as no one wants to take the
grounds : ._-'!. ,... is like B.I.EEn
minus the OUTc e nd.
One other IloI-V.a,.le member felt
called upon to insult the Petitioners by
saying that they did not know wh; t
they were signing, and that he ebuld
get three fourths of them to sign a
COUNTER-petition. Now a professional
C'C Tr .-ji.,,-r. in a ,i.Li ,,. shop can
doubtless CouNTEr-infltuence a few indi-
viduals in his immediate neighbourhood,
but to make this sweeping assertion
against four hundred loyal British sub-
jects who ask to be relieved of a most
humiliating and unchristian grievance
is as impolitic as it is invidious. He
said that it was distasteful to the ira-
jority! Well it may be a bitter pill for
the narrow throat of bigotry, but it
will have to be swallowed: drivelling
over it will do no good. The Honorable
member's whole argument (9) was like
an attempt to PCOODER a CAK which had
neither top nor biotom to it.

(Continued from last week's paper.)
Mn. EDmrTO,-It will be admitted by all,
that the language used in any given age,
must, in all succeeding time, be initrire.-.-
according to its meaning in the ,,g," wi<:-ii it
was first used. I understand the sacred wri-
ters to disclose, under Dl)ivine and infallible
control, the will of GOD, in the common, or-

dinary language of the day in which they
lived. In this, as in all other works of Goi>
We see the evidence of design in ani/,,t;/',..
I lad an inspired u:ili,-r uttered :hr. Div-in,:,
mind according to modern scientific discov-
ery it would have been utter jargon to the
half-instructed people of their age. And
yet while couched in the language of the
common life of those to whom it wva lirb-t
declared, the Bible revealed in an equally
impressive manner the will of its Divine Au-
thor to all races and ages, and to those who
are the farthest advanced in the disclosurea
of 'modern science ; and to-day the fact
stands forth with triumphant distinctness,
that no truth at which modern investigation
has arrived, is in the slightest degree con-
tradictory to the revelations in the Bible,
according to tlie principle of interpretation
cited, and which must be granted by all
careful thinkers. The real point to be reach-
ed by us now is not the meaning of the sa-
cred writers according to the use of language
in our day ; but is, what did they mean by
it ? Hence the Bible must be its own dic-
tionary. Great stress is put upon the word
"Earth" as used in Gen. VII. We, in using
the term the whole arti'" u'nhl iiir.-oi
all 'that discovery has revealed o, it 1.i i-.
Just so did the ancients use it, to signify all
that their discovery hIad i -.,.. .1 to them.
And l(t it here remember ered ti.,e '.I ,:L H.


brew word for "earth" and for land" or
"district" "is the same and so the term is
often used to denote a limited extent sim-
ply. What has been sail of the whole
earth" is equally true- of "the whole heav-
en"" Let a few examples be cited. It will,
Mr. Editor, save your space, and perhaps
your readers will not consider it too much
trouble, if I ask them to turn to a few pas-
sages in the Bible, which I will only indi-
cate. See Gen. 11:9, Gen. 41:56, Deut. 2:
25, Acts 2:5. Are we to infer that there
were any from ancient Britain that were
dwellers at Jerinalem at that time ? In the
days of Coesar Agostas (Luke 2:1) it was de-
creed that "all the world should be taxed."
Did this v' taxing" reach our North Ameri-
can Indians ? The term means simply the
Roman world. We are told that the
Queen of Sheba came from the uttermost
part of the earth to hear the wisdom of Sol-
omon." That meant then from some part of
Arabia simply. I might multiply these ex-
anples almost without number, showing the
restricted which these terms are of-
ten used by the sacred writers ; but the a-
bove will suffice. That they are often em.
played in a wider sense is true, and these
variations are in perfect accord with the
genius of language in all ages, and which
genius inspiration" does;not destroy. To
conclude therefore : The Bible asserts the
fact of the D'.-lii~. The Bible does not
anywhere assert that the Deluge was univer-
sal according to pour use of that word. As I
Lave proved, every term in Gen. 7, is quite
compatible with the theory of a deluge cov-
ering only the part of the earth then inhabi-
ted, which must have been a very limited
portion of our world. The term moun-
tains of Ararat" (in ch. 8) on which it is said
the Ark rested, must not be confounded
with what was long afterward called Mount
Ararat. In Old Testament times Ararat was
not a mountain at all, but simply a district,
on some of the highlands of which the Ark
rested. 'Further, if the procuring cause of
the Deluge was man's sin, it would be un-
reasonable to suppose that the punishment
would extend to a portion of the earth
where the crime had not been committed ;
and if only a thousandth part of the globe
was inhabited, still the flood would be uni-
versal, in that it destroyed the world as then
inhabited. And while this claiin accords per-
fectly with the Scriptures themselves, it al-
so meets andiputs to silence every objection
that "D" has raised against 6he theory of a
strictly universal deluge, on the ground of
the capacity of the Ark to contain the beasts,
provender, etc., etc., which would necessa-
rily be bestowed in it. With respect to the
extent of earth inhabited at the time of the
Flood, I zmiay say, that many of those who
are best qualified to givelan opinion, do not
regard it as probable that it had passed be-
yond the bounds of Syria and Mesopotamia.
To the Editor of the New Era.
DKr,u Sia,-Last year the nonconfor-
mnist Ministers of Bermuda, 1.- it.ihi..!
the Legislature to remove the r>-t,ti -'i-
ons prohibiting them from performing
tLi services of their respective Churches
.over the lead of their flocks. Their
-petition was treated with contempt, the
only reason giv'n for refusing to listen
ot, the petition, being that the ministers
were not permanent residents, and fur-
theirmioro did n,,t fully represent the peo-
Ile over whomi they exercised a pastor' e.
.A ptition largely sio'ned by the people
L .s iow I;een tr['.:-,1 with the same con-
tf '.pt. In a House of thirty members,
:iun teen ref sed to debate the question,
Ssl-'ntly acqnia cing in the motion of a
meol ber, '" t .at t ie committee rise," so
'r as they could do, settling the mat-
tr. To the eight members who sup-
ported the petition, all honor. is due.
Brought as we now are into close contact
by steam communication with the
throbbing,. active, moving, and Liberal
worl I w which lies outside our coral reefs,'
where religious toleration is enjoyed to
the full, and where such a relic of barb-
acism as the forcing of a prescribe d re-
ligious service upon men of another
faith is a thing' unknown, it is a matter
of regret to all liberalmiinded and en-
lightened Hermudians, and of scorn
and contempt, mixed with pity, to all
the intelligent strangers who visit our
beautiful Isles, that have failed to re-
dr'ets the grievance complained of by the
Petitioners. For the degradation to
which Nonconformists are subjected in
Bermuda is unparalleled in any part of
the civilized world to-day. In this the
most enlightened age the world has
ever seen, with Christianity spreading
her wings over the whole earth; in
every pulpit, in every church of every
creed, this doctrine is preached, "Love
one another," but against aHl this Ber-
muda stands alone, a monument of a
bygone age. The Rectors of the Par-
iah Churches, while they preach Christ
from their pulpits, ly their actions con-
demn His doctrines, in thus forcing
their presence and their services upon
men of other creeds, taking advantage
of times when men's hearts are sorest,

or else coldly saying-bury in silence.
'Thus the religion of Christ is brought
into disrepute, and we are forced back
in the world's history a hundred years.
Might does not make right, although
the weak in this case have to bow to the:
will ot the strong. But is there no re-
dress, can justice not be obtained, shall
the Nonconformists of Bermuda alone,
of all British subjects, be subjected to
Priest rule, and have to submit to the
ignominy heaped upon them by those
who virtually say they are nonentities ?
Are they always to be told that although
they may have some small religious
toleration while living, dead they must
pass] under the sod, and at the side of
the grave priest-rule must by all be ac-
knowledge? a bucket but holds its fill
of water, and one drop added thereto
will cause it to overflow.
w A. special Criminal Court will
e held immediately, or at the far-
est in a few days, for the purpose
disposing of the cases left over,
last Sitting, besides others which
been subsequently placed on
doqu ::te.

Local Ite-s.
2p- Weather cool and generally
pleasant, suitable for invalids and
pleasure seekers.
.,K -L The sound of the Roadman's
pick and shovel is daily heard aund
therhighways in some localities are
assuming a new aspect.
i- The sailor who recently stab-
bed the mate of the bark "Ossea" at
at St. George has been committed to
stand his trial at the general Criminal
E';; We give insertion in this issue
to two letters on the Burial Question
with the understanding that little or
nothing will be publicly said in re-
ference to that grave subject," until
it assumes a new aspect, which is
anticipated at or before another ses-
F- Just received another lot of
Haydock's celebrated Pills, for Liver
and Stomach diseases; the former lot
have all been disposed of, and as far
as we can learn have generally given
satisfaction. The pills are said to be a
" pftefet, charm." Only Is. per phial
at this office.
.^ 'Last Thursday the Drum
Major and his fife and drum staff of
the York and Landcaster Regiment,
made their rounds thro' this town
' beating down credit,' as it is termed.
It is usual with every newly arrived
regiment to do this, as the officialstaff
will not be responsible for any of their
men when the amount exceeds 2s.
)1i- We have not yet heard of any
earthquake in the West Indies or else-
where, to correspond with the one
which occurred here a month ago,
very possibly it was only the distant
vibrations of an earthquake under the"
ocean somewhere ; there is no evidence
that it was of local origin, for had it
been so Bermuda ere now would have
been shattered into extra isles or re-
turned into dismal chaos.
j!;? The people of Warwick have
secured the services of Mr Nelson as
school teacher, in the late Mr. Hous-
ton's place. Mr. Nelson is a repre-
sentative of Scotland, and has resided
in Nova Scotia, as a Presbyterian
.preacher, but eventually on account
of some bronchial orithroat disease
was necessitated to resign ie',iii;-
try. He commenced his labors' as
teacher at the beginning of 7tl1t, pre-
sent month and so far has secured a
good show of pupils.
1,..-7 Mr. Junor who was six years
ago the Pastor of St AXndrew's Church
in this town, has since that time been
labouring in China as a missionary
for the Preobyterian Church in Cana-
da. He is now enjoying a furlough
and!will spend the winter in Bermuda.
He has consented to give a short se-
ries of addresses on China, and v.wii!
deliver the first of. these in St. An-
drew's Church on Sabbath s:,:,ia.,'
the 13th inst.-Com.

There have been a few arrivals this
week for Salt, most of which have loaded
and I.-ft. The weather continues hot ;
some ot the salinas have good Salt in
them, but there is no encouragement
whatever for further gatherings--the
quantity on hand being ample for any
demand' we are likely to have and the
;.",:- too low to excite competition. No
.change in price.
From the Bermuda papers we glean
that an earthquake, and two fires-one
at Hamilton of a vessel and at St. Geor-
ges of a valuable premises-have dis-
turbed the Bermudians while pursuing
the even tenor of their way. Such a
destructive fire, as the one at St.
Georges, has seldom happened in Ber-
muda; thousands of dollars worth of
property was totally lost by fire or da-
maged by.water, so as to be almost
It is cheering to know that there is a,
little backbone left in that Colony
which prevents an absolute subservience
to the mandate of the Colonial Office,
when its clashes with their personal in-
terests. A proposal to exempt the
"officers and soldiers quartered in Ber-.
"muda from the import duties on arti-
cles of ordinary consumption," was re-
ported against by a Committee of the
1ouse of Assembly and the report adop-

ted by a full house, NEM COSN.
If sufficient inducement offer, the
Bermuda planters have an excellent op-
portunity of obtaining other markets
for their produce. The '- Union Steam-
ship Company," of Liverpool, offer
their splendid steamers, to touch, there
once a month, to and from Liverpool
and Newport News, in Virginia. If the
service of this line can be secured,
there is no doubt of its importance to
the planting interest.

Presents! Presents!

rf1HE Undersigned has just received
TEA, which he offers at 2s. 6d. per lb.,
and a useful present will be given with
every half lb., or 2 lbs. Also, some of
the celebrated EUREKA GROUND
COFFEE, at Is. 3d. per lb. Cannot be
beat!! Try it.
Church Street,
Near Mr. Vallis's Saw Mill.
Hamilton, 7th Nov., 1883.

Abstract of the Proceedings of the
Honorable House of Assembly.
(iAo. 45.)
MOyDAY, 12TH NOVEMBER, 1883.-The
Petition frpnl the Officers and Members
of the Warwick Planters' Club, was read
and Committed.
Mr. F. M. Gooper in the Chair.
Mr. Dill moved that the prayer of the
Petition be granted, and that it be re-
commended to the House tp order aBill
to be brought in for the incorporation
of the Warwick Planters' Club-which
was agreed to.
The House resumed and adopted the
resolution of the Committee.
Mr. Dill introduced a Bill to incorpor-
ate the Warwick Planters' Club-which
was read a first time.
The Bill entitled an Act to encourage
regular Steam Communication between
these Islands and Liverpool, England,
and between these Islands and New
Port News in the United States of Am-
erica," was read a third time.
Mr. Peniston moved to insert in the
sixth line of the fifth clause the words,
"in any one year"-which was agreed to.
The Bill was then passed-Mr. Wat-
lington objecting'.
Ordered, that the Documents relating
to the fire at Darrell's Island Quaran-
tine Station, be printed as an appendix
to the Journals of the Assembly.
Adjourned to Monday the 26th No-
vember instant.

Warwick Planters' Club Bill.
Limited Partnership Bill.

On Monday last, at St. James' Church,
Sandys, by the Revd. Frederick Skinner,
of the late Worshipful William H, Mayor of
Somerset, and grand daughter of the late
Revd. John Mayor, Vicar of Shawbury,
Salop, England.

At Sandy's Parish, October 31st, TIMOTHY
SEYMOUR, aged 67 years, leaving a wit,
daughter, and many relatives to mourn their
loss. Mr. Seymour was for 42 years a
Branch Pilot for the West End.
At Harlem, New York, on the 18th of
October, GILBERT LOCKHART, son of Charles
M. and Mary J. Conyers, aged 14 months.
At White Hall, St. George's, on Wednes-
day, the 8th November, SARAH HINSON
HARVEY, 41 years of age, daughter of the
late Seth Harvey, Esqr., former Solicitor
General of Bermuda.
In Sandys Parish, on Wednesday last,
Mns. MARIA YOUNG, widow of the late Fran-
cis Young, aged 75 years, leaving 3 children,
17 grand e)ildren, 15 great grand children,
and numerous rI l.iv->-.i and friends to mourn
their loss.
At I lamilton Pnribh. on Wednesday, 31st
October last ',,.,'- a short illnes, M GARET.
SUSAN ZvMLZte ag !Ud 64 years and 9 months,
wife of William H. Zuill, E..- ii, leaving a
husband, 2 daughters and .. grand children
to mourn their lo s.

.. .
t I

('L 'EAxED.
Nov. 5.-Schr. Annie A,, Debouchry, Hiali-
fax, N.S. ; old iron, *
Nov. 8.-Mail Steamer Orinoco, Fraser,
New York ; 33 bls. beans
,, (., '
Nov. 8 -Bark Emma, Jacksey, England;
404 tons coal for H. M. Government.
9-R. M. S. Beta, Show, Jamaica mails
and assorted cargo.
Nov. 9.--ER. M. S. Beta, Shaw, Halifax,
10- Bark Eliza Barss, Itolis, llavanah;
cargo 'W. P. lumber ex schr. AMERICAN
In the R. M. Steamer Beta from Jamaica
on Friday last:-A Wainwright, Esq., and
Miss Robinson.-For Halifax, Mr. and Mrs.
A. C. Harvey, and A. Wainwright, Esq.
2nd GCabin, Mrs. Emma Hendickson and in-
In the Mail Steamer Orinoco on Thursday
last for New York :-Mr. and Mrs. G. Mar-
tin Luther, Mrs. R. Rosencrantz, Miss B.
Rosenerantz, Mrs. C. B. Elsworth, Mrs.
Picrson, Miss A Hinson, Messrs. J. D.
Boyle, Joseph Conyers, and F. W. Wood-
bridge.-Second Cabin. Dr. William Holt,
John F. Williams a -ji ..Fil..rick Williams.

IJsci loss letter's,
John Deaton, John Burchell, D Bas-
come, Emilia A DeSilva, F A DeSylva
A S DeSilva, Barque, Emma," 'Joas
Jose Fereira, Jose de Fontez, Jose F
de Faria, Francisco Fernandes, Hannah
Haynes, T J Hutton, George Head,
Mary L Keliogg, Frederick Lottimore,
Wm R ,Lippincott, Mancel T Moura,
Antonio J .Varsh, R B Merriwether,
W Nudd, Ship "Horseman,"' Henry
Owen, Wm Risdon, Wm Roberts, Josiah
Roberts, James Remels, Wm Symons,
.Frederick Swan, N G Stanton, Theop-
hilus Simmons, T J Smith, Peter
Walch, Wm T Williams, E B Williams.
November 10th, 1?b3..
ueorge C-lj0ion, Joa,)li -J Hayward,
W Lawreinc. ".,_
November 1)0e h 1 18S3.

S T .

i-AG. NE E,'RICE, jm.t reeiel, pIer
.1) SL. S. ',NUBIN,'. uand f..r .-ale ,low.
JNo. F. BURROWS & Co.,
.3. I'i 'oil3tOStrio-t.
Hamilton, 30th Oct., 1) ., -


A Lot of Crockery, Glassware,
Canteen and Mess Gear, from Pros-
pect, left o er by last Regiment.
Hamilton, Novr. 13, 1883.

Wanted Immediately.

Please apply to
"Victoria Lodge."
Hamilton, Nov. 13, 1883.-2
Has received by Mail Steamer
from Jamaica,
A. Superior Quality of SY1RUPS,
manufactured in Jamaica:-
St awberry, Raspberry, Ginger, Lemon,
Cherry, Peach,-for 1litii and excel-
lence of flavor, not surpassed if equalled
in Bermuda.
Fresh Fruit Received by each
Always on land, the largest Lot of BA-
Opposite Post Office,
Hamilton, Nov. 13, 1883.
@-?- A great variety of Pickles,
just from London, at J. C.

P W _GpOS,

Just Received, a Choice Assort-
ment of
rish weeds,
Blue and Black S
Please call and examine.
i. rch.-.nt Tailor.
Queen Street, Hamilton, I
October 30, 1883. 3

O tO yE. AI's
with Utensils, Tin Ware and Fil" ..

A Few Half

Chests of Oolong

Cheap for Cash.
5, 7 and 9, Church St., Hamilton,
November 7, 1883.

1) ateriad.

P"'IHE Undersigned are nqw receiving,
1 ex Schooner MAGGIE," from l2 ,L'-
gor, Maine,

Which is offered on accommodating terms
from the wharf.
Parties who have c:,.a e'1, will please
call early.
25 Front Street.
Hamilton, Octr. 30, 1883.-3

^ |

SEOS to inform the Public that she is
Snow in a position to execute work
in the ablv,, line of a quality unsurpassed
by any ini the Island.
Those requiring work, and desirous of
assuring themselves of her ability to per
form tim same, can see numerous certifi-
cates now in her possession-from persons
for whom she has worked-by applying
at her residence, Salt Kettle.
Novcimb r 7, 1..'-


"''1 1',

A FTER all that has been said of the
good qualities pf the 'Sewing Ma-
chines that are offered to the Public of
BERMUDA, none -deserve that notice'
and ..:1 n.. as the i. r.' JI,"
7T, for when M.. in.',. from ALL
other dealers have not pleased purchasers
after a fair trial, the LE.11MNG TON has
How can one pass through the fire and
not be burnt ? is a question ; yet some
persons in Bermuda are SEILLING the Public
by seling to the Pnblic Sewing Machines
f,,r good and perfect, that have been in-
jured by both fire mid water.
Sole Agent in Bermuda for the "Rem-
ington" Sewing Machines, and also the
DOMESTIC Sewing Machines.
Hamilton, Oct. 13, 1883.

S-i The Brigantine

P. i

Was to leave' Haliiax, N.S. on
3rd Instant, for Bermuda, within

Garnets and Prolifics, .
Selected expressly for this market, by
the undersigned, which will be sold to ap-
proved Customers at the lowest market
36 Front Street,
Hamilton, 5th Novr., 1883---2

New importation of Fancy
English"' Groceries, at J. C.


Hamilton, 24th Octr., 1883.-6m.

Xmas CWar New Year Card

IvAT a .,^ s I

Just received and opened to-day,
A Choice assortment
As to
IE~.LY ',EZ.T-. T l
Imported, not made in the Island..
45 Front Street."
Hamilton, Nov. 13, :3.-i

-.'- French Beans and Peas in
tins-of superior quality-at
",'L .._, s 9

f RS. Upland Meadow HAY,
00 -t, clearingg out very cheap to
make room for ner stock.
63 F.ont Wle;t.
Hamilton, 30th, Oct., 1883.-4.

-, Ask for Lea & Perrins'
Worcester Sauce, at J. C. KEE-


CFMENa.t, a-t, lth "s.


63 Front Strert,
1.aitn, On. 3, C "t, ".1883.- 4

.I amihilon, Oct. ,30, 1883.'--4

By Public Auction,

In Front of Ihe Stores of the

'n TaurP,1iaV next
15th inst., at 12 o'clock,
" ~ T-':3 BLS. Garnet Seed '.',.'1 noes,
.. t. 50 Su'ar-cured HAMS,
10 B)Is. Fanmiiiy. FLOUR,
10 Bbls. Pilot and RNav BREAD,
10 Boxes S'lda BISCUITS,
20 P.0. OATS,
150 Reams Wrapping PAP!.'!:,
25 Boxes Brown SOAP,
10 Di "i i,; Halifax CODFISH,
5 Barrels Bass IPale ALE,-6 dozen
5 Do. STOUT-6 doz. pints,
20 Cases Kerosene 011L,
4 Bags RICE,
1 Box (contg. 12ibs.) NUTMEGS,
30 Tins BUTTER-51 lb. and 10 lbs.
20 Tins Olive BUTTER,
2,000 CIGARS-assorted brands,
400 Lbs. Red ONION SEED--i,...i,-:
balance of this year's inportationi


1F you are- int want of. a .good
and cheap Carriage, Buggy,
or market Wagon you should see
the Catalogue of
The production of this factory is
1ow so well known throughout
the world as the .'..'rd for,
excellence that purchasers are al-
ways sure of only the .;/'..t,
gi ;ci..
Hamilton, Nov. 14, 1883.-43p.

*1 Liebig's Extract of Beef (2
oz. pots) and Potted Meats of
all sorts, at J. C. K"EL:i's.


Abstract of the Proceedings of the
Honorable House of Assembly.

(No. 44,)
FRIDAY, 9TH NOVEMBER, 1883.--Mr. Dill
presented a -Petition from the officers
and members of the Warwick Planters'
Club, praying that a Bill may be passed
for the incorporation of the said Club,
for reasons set forth in the Petition.
The Bill relating to Limited Partner-
ships, was read a second time and coinm-
Mr. F. M. Cooper in the Chair.
Mr. Wadson moved the first clause.
The Attorney General moved that in
consideration of the importance of the
measure and the late period at which
the Bill has been introduced, it be re-
commended to the House to postpone
the consideration of it until the next
Mr. Peniston moved that the Com-
mittee rise and report progress, with
leave to sit again-which was affirmed.
Ayes 17. Nays 10.
The House resumed.
The Chairman obtained leave to sit
The Bill to encourage regular Steam
Communication between these Islands
and Liverpool and between these Is-
lands and New Port News, etc. was read
a second time and committed.
Mr. Pearman in the Chair.
First clause agreed to.
Mr. Peniston moved the 2nd Clause.
Mr. Fraser moved that all after the
word "Company" in the tenth .. o
the printed clause be struck out the
words I" a sum not exceeding (two thou-
sand) pounds per annum" be substi-
tuted instead-which Was negatived.
Ayes 5. Nays 25.
The 2nd clause was then agreed to.
Mr. Peniston moved that the blank
be filled up ".200."
Mr. Dill moved "125."
Mr. N. A. Cooper moved ".150."
At the usual hour for the recess the
Committee rose.
The : ,a. obtained leave to sit
SThe Liverpool and New Port News
Steam Communication Bill was again
Mr. Pearman in the Chair.
Mr. W. J. Frith moved that the blank
be filled up "140."
Mr. Peniston, with leave, withdrew
his motion.
Mr. Dill's motion was negatived.
Ayes 9-Messrs. F M Cooper, E
Crawley, R J P Darrell, T N Dill, T W
Kelly, T 1H Outerbridge, R Tynes, H Q
Watlington, W HII .iki;nsou.
Nays 21--Messrs. Speaker, S C Bell,
J F Burrows, N A Cooper, N J Darrell,
R D Fraser, W J Frith, S B Gray, 0 G
Gosling, W H Hughes, M S H1unt, W II
T Joell, 0 T Middleton, C C Keane, S A
Masters, T A Outerbridge, S C Outer-
bridge, Jabez Outerbridge, C Peniston,
R J Tucker, T J Wadson.
Mr. Frith's motion was affirmed.
Ayes 17. Nays 15.
3rd Clause agreed to.
Mr. Wilkinson moved a. clause as
No. 4 providing for the rates of freight
-which was agreed to, and the blanks
filled up.
Mr. Peniston moved a clause as No.
5-which was agreed to.
6th and 7th clauses agreed to.
Mr. Peniston moved the 8th clause,
with the blanks filled up-which was a-
greed to.
The House resumed.
The, Chairman reported the Bill as
amended, with the blanks filled up, and
it was adopted and ordered to be en-
The Rule regarding the passage of
Resolves being suspended, the Resolve
granting a balance to the Trustees of
the B. M. E. Church, was read a third
time and passed.
The Resolve voting a sum for the
improvement of Burchal's Cove was
read a third time and passed.
Adjourned to Monday next.
Petition from Members of the War-
wick Club.
The Liverpool and New Port News
Steam Bill.

Corner York Street and
Market Square,
. This Hotel is conducted on first-

class principles, and superior accom-
modation is offered to Boarders and
Transient Guests.
2W- Entrance to Front Bar, Gate
Entrance" next to Stoop.

Prwiate Boanrd.
C AN BE OBTAINED in a family, re-
tj siding about twenty minutes' walk
out of" town.
For fuitlier particulars apply at the
of f t is par.

h, a vi.,it to CHILD'S
J. ,IrweTr .'tore to see the Spllndid
Assortment'6f Gold and Silver Jewelry,
Solid Silver, Plated Ware in endless
Variety. FANCY Goops-Clocks, Opera
and Spy Glasses, &c., &c.:
At this Establishment they are always
pleased to show their Goods, whether
you buy or not.

English and American Staple and

GroV CEI sS.



Larrabee's Fancy Fiae TEAS & COF-
BISCUITS, FEES o) Superior
Choice Selection of
CANNED Goods, Baker and Clark's
Smoked MEA' S.
Useful Articles,


&c., &c.,

Igo Just Receivod per Steamer Ori-
noeo," a large and excellent As-ortiuvnt
of the uhove mentioned Articles-Prices

Next the Melbourne louse.
Hamilton, Octr. 10, 1883.

Quick th
For Potatoes, Onions and Tomatoes.
Try Clark's COVE GUANO, soll
Sole Agent.
Reid St., Hamilton, Oct. 24, 1883.

New Goods.

Low Prices.

The undersigned has just received,
a fine assortment of NEW GOODS,
among which are the following :
ac Star Braid,
Macrame Cord and Hools,
Pleating Boards,
M;iagic Trimming, Carriage Whips
Wli)p Lashes,
Calicoes, Cottons, Combs.
And a variety of other Notions,
just received.
Hamilton, October 10, 1883.

Pills Iills, Pills!
I Bermuda for the celebrated
For Stomach and Liver Complaints, they
have not .e,:n surpassed )by any other.
They are put up in Glass Phials- 20 pill-,
in each; are easily take,. ind one, or-
two at most. ,coistitnte an effective (lose.
A circular and full particulars
accompany eacit bottle.
ILaydock & Co's Advertisement has
been published in the NEW ERA weekly
for over a year, during which time enqui-
ries for the Pills have been frequently
made. Persons in want of' them cia now
be supplied at this office at only

Pure Raspberry LEMONADE-
Extract, of delicious flavor, in wine
bottles, for 2s. 6d. each, at
Parliament St.

,0 in(R lately tiken away TREES aid
FIREWOOD from Mrgan's Island, I
here!,y forbid all persons from landing on
that Island. Mr. Jnin HIleth, livi, g on
Tucker's I-lard adjoining, having instruc-
tions to report the names of any persons
found trespissingi thereon, such persons
shall be prosecuted according to law.
February 20, 1883.

S~oinethi .- g



Put up in Tills and Glass Bottles.
For S;!l' at Reasonable Prices, at
Parliamen t St, Hamilton,
July 17, 1883.
The Largest and Choicest assort-
Perliaument St.

to see Child's Stock of Fine Gold
Watch Chains, Rich Sets of Jewelry,
Beautiful Bracelets and Bangles, Bor
Pins, Lockets and Neck Chains, Sleeve
Buttons and Studs, Finger Rings with
diamond, ruby, turquois, emerald and
pearl settings, Charms and Seals with
Masonic, Foresters and Odd-Fellows

infuse the system with the vital-
izing element until the disease is
overcome, and a recuperative pro-
cess established.
The Electro-Magnetic Current,
as evolved by Dr. Bryan's appli-
ances, strengthens the nervous
system, gives force to the brain
and digestive functions, restores
lost or impaired power of body
or mind whether arising from acts
of imprudence, sickness or old
Illustrated Pamphlets. giving
all parties al'rs ent sq.p.lic:ti,)i.
Orders recciv 'vel'roigh ,ay 'res -
ponsible Coin~tissioni houls, and
in ordering send measure round
the Waist and -state Athe nature of
tle coniplhunt, and a suitable ap-
pliance will be sent Toorder
Address : .
E. 15th St., New York, U.S.A.

For Sald.
The Undersigned offers the fol-
lowing :
BBLS. Bright Barbadoes SUGAR,
Crushed DO.
Granulated DO.
Rosendale CENIENT,
Qr. Bales HAY,
Clear W. Pine and Merchantable
Consisting of !in., lin., 1jin., ,1'in.
and 2in.
36 Front Street.
Hamilton, Sept. 26, 1883,-3

For Rent.

F NHE .-E-1 P in Reid Street, at
present occupied by Mt. JAMES
Please apply to
60j Front Street.
Hamilton, October 24, 1883.

Just received.

LLOUR, Meal, Bacon,
Shoulders. Pork, Beef,
Teas. Coffees, Sugars,
Fresh Candied Yellow Dates,
Supj,, in great variety and of su-
perior quality.
Besides numerous other useful house-
hold articles.
Hamilton, Octr. 10, 1883.


rienced tnneh (disatisfaction and un-
pleasantness, byy persons ordering Goods.
to be advertised and sold at Public Auc-
tion, and then most unjustly to ourselves,
and more so to the Puhlie, do sell or with-
draw the said Goods before the day of
Sale, and persons coming from extremes of
the Island at much expense anul loss of
time, to purchase the Guools advertised,
do feel themselves most unjustly deals
with, when told the Goods they cname to
purchase had been n\ithdrawn. After this
date ,il Goods advertised and withdrawn
must pay full commission ca value and ail-
vertising exp enles.
A ntieoneers
Hamilton, April 16, 1883.



P)MEiTEDITA&74 87.

Adapted to all parts of the Body.

Chronic Nervous Diseases, Ner-
vous Debihlity, Brain Troubles,
Paralysis, Spinal Complaints,
Lung Disorders, Impotency, Liv-
er Complaints, Dyspepsia, Rheu-
matism, Headaches, Female Com-
plaints, Premature Decay, etc.

TVItS wonderful discovery in
the application of Electrici-
ty enables the sufferer to give
scientific attention to his own case
in accordance with Nature's laws.'
The belt acts by aid of the head
and moisture of the body and
evolves continuous currents that

supply of

attention given to the
Officers' Messes and

July 31, 1883.


4111 P w-Il knowvi rods o(f Cigo s
ljUsero, loi o, Flo, r ol ''oTbace',,
Marpilila. El Itnco,, ito, j'atilita, '1,1 Rey ,iR
.,ii., lPirninilios. Las Pamptis, Esqui~i--
,os de Cuba, Geneaci \'ols,:iey, O(ld
Smoker's Delight, Fiuenta A romIa n ii'a-.
clo, Hfistoria,
Constantly on hand at reasonable prices,
wholesale and retail.

Time is
'IAHILD can supply you with a re-
j liable Clock fi om 8s. to 5. All War-


The ITndersigned a
prepat' d to fiunihl

From the Factory of Messrs. llenry llook-
er & Co of New Haven,
Catalogues of Styls, Prices, &c., can be
seen at our Office.
Orders respectfully solicited.
63 Front Street.
Tlamilton, Sep. 3, 1883.--3mnos.


Shipping and Com-
mission Agent-
Prompt attention given to
March 20th 1882.

4 Attraction Extraordinary !
Such as Bracelets and Bangles (in
great variety), Neck Chains and'
Lockets, Brooches and Ear-rings,
-Bar Pins, Scarf Pins, Rings, Sleeve
Buttons and Studs, Vest Chains,
&c., &c.,


The Sale of over Three

Thousanrid Bushels Hard

Stone Lime during the

year shouAd be a guarantee

that there is none better, if

any so good.

63 Front Street.
Hamilton, 22nd Oct., 1883.
W WRITING DESKS, Japanese Cabi-
nets, Photograph Frames and
Albums,. Statuary and Vases, Jewel Box-
es, Celuloid Combs and Brushes, in cases,
Portmonies, Gents fitted Dressing Cases,
Silver and J'earl Card <'a-.e-, Toilet Sets,
Music.. l, Aniroids, with and with-
out Clocks, IHorn and Olive Wood Ink-

4, West Front Street,
Hamilton, Bermuda,

Wine, Spirit, Beer
,*- *I. z._ r
W el Sele Ate u t Si,
In Wood and Bottle.
CHEESE, &c., &c.

Dr. Hlaydock's New Liver Pills will be
found an Effectual Remedy.
They are universal in their effects, and
a cure can alllosi always be guaranteed.
Each Vial Contains Twenty Pills
-One Pill is a Dose. Price Twenty
Five Cents. For Sale by all druggists.

If your draggist does not keep them, we
will mail them free to any address on re-
ceipt of 25 cents. Five vials for $1.00.
Buy at o'.ce. Do not Delay.
CAUTION.-To secure the genuine Hay.
dock Pills, observe thas the signature W
lI. ToNE & Co. is written on every pack-
age. Purchase none without this."

THE ,;41.

A Derangement of the


Anrd INervous System,
Below will be found a brief Sum-
mary of a Lecture upon the Liver, delivered
before the Eclectic College of Medicine by

THE LIVER has been known as the
PURIFIER of the Circulation. From its
size and spongy, structure, it plays a most
important part in the animal economy, as
regards a, simulation and nutrition. ood
taken in h he mouth and acted uuon by the
digestive organs or the stomach is con-
vertet i ito. Glucose and Peptone, and in
these forns rentrs the P,.rtal vein. Here,
by the action of the liver, th'se substances
are coiivr-ed into a form of sugar and
pass outl of the liver by a large vein, called
the Hep.a tic vein, into the general cirola.
lion. Ti,. new material now formed serves
two lpiurpo'es, viz. : the maintenance of
heat in the body and assisting in the cel-
grow ) of i he system.
Dr. Murchison says, "The composition
of bile and its secretion is very complex.
It is constantly being secreted by the
liver, and, increasing suddenly before eat
ing, ggradmmally decreases as soon as the ap-
petite is satisfied and feeding ceases." Now
1f this most, important organ of the body
become torpid, or the passage of bile in-
terfered with, emaciation and disease en-
sne. I note eight marked peculiarities
that now occur, and which we all know of :
1. The patient complains, of a
feeling of weight and fullness of
the epigastrium.
2. Distention of the stomach
and bowels by wind,
3. Heart-burn.
4. A feeling of weariness, pains
in the limbs and great sleepiness
after meals.
5. A bad taste in the mouth,
especially in. ihe udiura,iatg, and
furred tongue.
6. Constipation, with occasion-
al attacks of diarrhoea.
7. Headache in front of head.
8. Depression of spirits and
great melancholy, with lassitude
and a disposition to leave every-
thing for to-morrow.
All of the above symptoms go to shimw
functional derangement of the liver; and
now comes the great importance of anlly
error made as to the condition of the pa-
tient. lle should immediately provide
iiinms'lf with a LIVER STIMULANT,
the most common firm of which is a Pill
Daily experience shows that this, whev,
the Pill is compounded properly, is the
readiest mode of inciting and promoting
the action of the liver, and can be almost
always relied on. I have devoted many
years of my life, as many of you now be-
fore me know, to comnpounding a Pill that
will act readily and systematically as a
Bilions Remedy. I do not believe m
great purgatives, and therefore have mnade
a Pill, one of which is an active and
thorough dose. I have called it

(Sugar Coated )
One Pill is a Dose One Pill is a
Dose One Pill is a Dose!

F,,r all .1 -,'i.-. of the Kidney,, Reten-
tion of Uriine, Dr Hayidck's Pills are a
1) feet cure. Ono pill will satisfy the
most ikptical ... .


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