Group Title: New era, or, Home journal.
Title: The New era, or, Home journal
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 Material Information
Title: The New era, or, Home journal
Alternate Title: Home journal
Physical Description: v. : ; 55 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: A.L. Spedon
Place of Publication: Hamilton Bermuda
Frequency: weekly
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bermuda -- Hamilton
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 4, no. 2 (Oct. 15, 1884).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076591
Volume ID: VID00008
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 19568994
lccn - sn 89049270

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i-.4 '- 4'~ 4

A. Weekly :Newspaper, Specially Devoted to the General Interests of the Inhabitants of Bermuda.

Our Colony--a United people with undivided interests.

o. 19.--VOL. 1.1 HAM ILTON, BERMUDA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1882. [12s. or $3.00 Per Ann.

Every Tuesday,
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Itonah Sirvie at 8.30, A. M., and 10, A.x
.olt nately. -

.Yespers-A nd ThevqtionR .. o'olu-6k, .M.

.W,-.8eats- -, rovjded 'PE[A'LLY fol
fitxigew in all of the alive-znen-
l 'tone.dclwheecm" -. c"-

4 4. straight, on, just as though I would be only showed them that the quicksand
U safer in a tree a little way from the embraced a considerable area, and
margin of the woods. F'red, with that they could not get any nearer, to
Pe.i in. N, ,th ,rn Wild" more presence of mind, scampered up me from one point than another.
ilT11 OIAU the first tree he came to, and was The quicksand, that now at once
soon seated on a limb a dozen feet threatened my life. aud protected it,
A NIGHT WITH THE WOLVES. from the ground, whencd hSe called was forty or fiftv feet wide, and the
out to me: velocity with which I had entered it
t' Pr.pd. aro there any wolves in Quick, cap! To a tree! Don't go brought me nearly to its centre before
this region too ar They' r ox I began to sink.
Yes, cap; lots of 'em. But why?' He had barely spoken when some- As w uue:.Secluently discovered, the
"I thought I heard asstrange howl- thing gave way under my feet, and woods we had now entered were ar..
ing far behind us!" with the unearthly yells of the wolves shy for a long distance, with many
Ah, stop let us listen." ringing in my ears, as they came dash- such dangerous places as I now found
We stood breathless. Yes, there ing into the woods, I fell headlong to myself entrapped in.
was a barely audible sound of warn- the earth. Manage to stay on the surface till
ing, away toward the south-a "Hilloa, cap what's the matter ?" I can drive the wolves off" Fred call-
strange, wild, prolonged howl, that Fred called out, in a voice of horror, ed out, from his safe perch, while he
made my heart beat faster. that rang through the woods above reloaded his rifle, "then I can help
Fred Smith and I were far in the the cries of the wild beasts. you out."
wild, uninhabited region of Northern The report of his rifle Quickly fol- I am slowly sinking," I replied.
Canada, on our way to Muller's camp, lowed, and was answered by a yell of Fred fired again, bringing down
on Big River, and a week had elapsed pain from the midst of the pack of another wolf.
since we had seen a single human wolves. Half-paralyzed with terror, With the most unearthly howls, its
beiug besides ourselves. Our way and my strength nearly gone, I strug- companions pounced upon it, and
had been chiefly among forests, but gled to my feet to face the savage proceeded to tear and devour it raven-
we were now in the midst of a barren beasts, which were now near enough ously.
open space, with thick woods half a to spring upon me, but found myself While they were thus engaged, I
mile behind us, and about the same transfixed-unable to budge from my made another desperate effort to crawl
distance in our front--our course be- tracks. Slowly I began to sink into out.
ing northward. the earth, which I now discovered "Don't try it, I tellyou, cap!" !'Fred
"Wolves, undoubtedly !" said Fred was wet and miry all around me. I sang out,. "It is impossible." You'll
Smith. Let us make tracks." Our had plunged into a quicksand, from only sink deeper and deeper with
only safety climbing." which I could not extricate myself, every motion. I know these quick-
"Do you think they are on our and with a sense of horror and.des- sands."
track ?" pair that I cannot describe, I felt my- He was right--I sank more rapid-
Yes, replied Fred, who had con- self at the mercy of the wolves. ly with my attempt to extricate my-
siderable knowledge of this wild coun- In awful situation, I realized that I self, and was now standing with the
try: that peculiar howl shows that stood on the brink of eternity, and the mire up to my hips, and was held thus
they are on our scent. Let us make poignant yearning of my faraway as though I had been in a vice.
our best time. I fear we shall have home, and friends I should never see In this fearful situation, I saw the
to camp up a tree, instead of under again, fully believing that in another :gloom of night gathering around me.
one," instant I should be torn to pieces and In that wild, treacherous, gloomy for-
"It was near sunset, and with our devoured. Such was the terror of est; and as I thought that, before the
eyes anxiously fixed on the dark line .hat moment thatfI have dften since light of another morning, I should
of woods towards the north, we ran wondered that it did not forever chill probably sink helplessly down out of
at the height of our speed, while it the blood in my veins, and at one sight, and so be buried alive and
Qcemed tb.;t at almost every step the stroke withei my life away. The smothered in that hateful marsh, I
fearful sound that followed us grew bravest heart in the world could not fancied I would rather have met the
more and more distinct. but have been appalled by so fearful whole pack of wolves on solid ground
Fred, we can make it, can't we ?" an exigency. A mere moment before to escape this appalling fate.
I said anxiously. I had felt confident of being able easily "Fred, you know I am in great
"Yes, we have a fair start, but no to escape the pursuing wolves; now danger ?" I said.
time to loose," he replied, glancing in one instant, by an unseen circum- Yes, cap," he replied, frankly; "I
uneasily back over his shoulder. stance, all hope was dashed down, and won't conceal it from you, but I'll do
They'll soon be out of the woods. certain destruction stared me in the my best to save you, and I believe I
We strained every muscle, but en- face. i will succeed. Keep your courage up.
cumbered as we were with our rifles, I looked in a bewildered way to- If I can once frighten the wolves by
provisions, and blankets, our speed ward the wolves, as they bounded to- killing a dozen of them, I can easily
was not great, while the exertion was ward me with deafening howls. I get to where you are,. with a log or
very exhausting. Luckily, however, thought that I had but an instant left two, and help you out. Keep perfectly
we had smooth firm ground to run on, to see the last rays of the fading light still, and you won't sink so fast. In
and the few stunted bushes that grew of evening, but to my astonishment I any event I'll. save you or die with
upon it, formed but trifling obstacles, now perceived that the pack had stop- you, cap!"
JBut it was a run for life, and it ped twenty yards from me, apparently "lDon't think of that, Fred," I said,
may as well be surmised that my em- with no notion of attacking me. What my heart sinking within me.. "It
options were none of the pleasantest. strange power had checked them ? It would do no good to sacrifice your own
The danger that beset us was no- trifl- seemed like a miracle. A second life because mine cannot be saved.
ing one, as the savage howls constant- glance showed me that they were If I must die, I want you to make your
ly suggested; 'and it was clear that busily engaged devouring the one that way back .to civilization, and inform
our lives depended upon our being Fred had shot. my friends of my fate."
able to reach the trees before our re- I endeavoured to wade out, but as I "It won't come to that. I'll open,
lentless pursuers should overtake us. lifted ono foot the other foot went fire with my revolver, and by the time'
Even then we should have a night of deeper i4to the mire, and I sankup to I empty that, I'll have enough of them
it. my knees almost instantly. Every killed to satisfy the rest of the blood-.
Suddenly, when we were within moment sunk me deeper and deeper. thirsty pack. Once satisfy them, and
three hundred yards of cover, the Fred could see me from his-tree, and they will trot away without being
howls broke forth with a new distinct- he called out: j scared off."
ness, and Fred exclaimed; Why, cap, you've got into a quick- So saying, he began firing with his
"They're out of the woods! Go it, sand !" revolver, and the sharp explosions
cap! We are three quarters of a mile "Yes, and I'm doomed, Fred," I were answered by more ear-piercing
ahead, and will beat them yet! responded, while a chill prespiration sounds-the yells of the wounded
I looked back, and the fading light started from my forehead; "I can't wolves. One or two fell helpless, and
of the evening showed me the dark move?" were torn limb from limb, wlule a
moving mass, which came howling "Don't try to move for the present," slightly disabled one went limping
after us,-and that, a speed three or he said, encouragingly; "it will only away, followed by several others.
four times as swift as our own. In- sink you deeper.. I'll help you out This circumstance gave me a gleam
deed, it began to seem uncertain as to yet." of hope, but when I remembered that
whether we could beat them to the "But I am powerless to protect my- here were at least forty around me,
woods, the terrible danger which now self from the wolves." I saw little ground for encouragement
plainly threatened us seemed to lend You have nothing to fear from after all..
us new strength, and made us forget them," he rejoined, "They won't At last it was fully dark, and I
the feeling of exhaustion that we had dare to enter a quicksand : they know could no longer see my companion,
experienced after the few hundred it better than man does." nor he me. Down, down, slowly but
yards of the race, and we now fairly This proved to be correct, and the surely, I was still going, and found
flew over the ground. o ne daniger, which seemed to be slowly myself sunk to the waist. Darkness
Rapidly they gained on us, and and surely encompassing me, guarded was around me, and I could still
their savage cries made the air quiver from another. I was safe from the barely make out the gaunt forms of
about-our ears. : wolves, but how soon might I sink the wolves, as they scampered to and
"Let us stop and shoot," I sug- down and smother in the quicksand? fro, emitting savage growls, and cer-
gested. The thought was terrible, tainly manifesting no disposition to
"No! Rmun for your life! shouted When the wolves had devoured leave without devouring me.
Fred. their woiiuded companion-which did "I can't see to shoot any more, cap,
The yelping grew terribly, distinct, not take them more than half a mi- and I'm coming down," Fred called
and we could hear the wolves leaping nute-they began to direct, their atitri- out. .
through, the low bushes. tion toward me. They will only tear you to pieces,
X we're all right!" Fred exclaim- With savage growls they approach. Fired."
ed, as we dashed into the edge of .the ed me; but it was with the greatest "But I want to strike up a blaze of
woods. There a hundred yards be- cautious ; and when they arrived at the light, and try to frighten them away.
hind! A tree, cap! Quick!" edge of the quicksand they, stopped, My matches and newspapers for kind-
' I was either a swifter runner than and fairly deafened me with their ling fires are in my pack at the foot of
Fred, or else a little more scared than howls. this tree. :, If I can but make. up a

he was, for I entered the woods twen-; Some of the pack ran hither and blaze they dare not come near me,
r ty paces in advance of him, and in tie thither, tracing the boundaries of that I can then build afire awd chase them
- flurry of the moment, instead of climb- 'enchanted ground on which they durst off with burning brands.
ing the first tree 'I came to, I rad no t set foot, but their investigation I trembled with suspense, and my,

As rather an unesrapuloun. fellow named
Ben was coming down one morning, ho
met Tom and stopped him.
*'T iom ," he said, ", here's a pretty
good coiuiterfeil soy. If you pass it, 'll
SLet.'s see the plaster," said Tom, and
after esaininiini t ncar.-fully, put it in his
waistcoat ptoket aiemnrking-
"It is an equal division a half sovereign
Yes." said Ben;
All right," said, Tom. '
A "And off he went.
A few minutes afterwards, he quietly
stepped itto the shop of his friend Ben, and
nun-hlased a barrel of oysters for half so".
&.rcign. ". .. .
The clerk looked sat the coin rather
dubiing, wven his suspicions wreAi'ag.-
diatly alhned by Toret, wlio said .
"Theie is no use in lioki'g, for I r-
ceived tlie eoin .from Ben himself not ten
minutes ago.".
Of course the clerk, with this assurance,
handed over the oysters, and half a sove-
reign change ; with this deposit and the
oysters, Tom left.
Shortly afterwards, he met Ben, who
asked him if he had, passed the sovereiin.,
O yes," Tom, at the -same time
passing over the halt to Ben.
'That evening. Bet. made.up his cash aco
counts, he was surprised to find the same
old counterfei' coi ii his drawer.
Turning to hi s loc.iu teenss" he ask-
ed. ,
SWhroe did vui get this f Didn't you
know it wascoiiiunierfei ? .
"Why," said the clerk, Tom gave it
to me, an'd I aniuspetedJ was fishy, lint he
sn id heohad just received it from you, and I
took it."
The whole thins hadl penetrated the
Itriin of Den.
With a pecsli.r grin be muttered,
"Sold 1" and charged the oysters to pro-
fit and los aecountH

Half the ills we hoard in our hearts
are ills because we hoard them.
Familiarity confounds all trafFs 'of
distinction; interest and prejudice
take away the power of judging.




heart fluttered as I heard the resolute
fellow descending the tree, The wolves
could hear him,-see him, too, for that
matter, dark as it was-and how little
room was there for hope that he could
strike a light before they should pouce
upon in ? .
There was a moment of quiet; ten
a threatening growl from the wolves,
that showed plainly that their attention
was now directed to Fred.
At the same moment I could hear
t,.'ri footseps. stealing towards Fred,
while for a rtomeit .*ei groWA -were
hushed, as if in anticipation of the feast
of vengeance that now awaited them.
Suddenly a bluish light flickered in
the black darkness, and a moment later
a blaze sprang up and ran over the edge
of the newspaper which Fred had quick-
ly spread out, next a great glaring
flame, and Fred with several burning
newspapers in his hand, uttered a loud
shout, almost as startling as the howl of
the wolves, and rushed boldly among
The savage creatures could not stand
before the glare of fire, and with the
most unearthly yells they bounded
away out of the woods, and Fred fol-
lowed them, screaming like a fined him.
self. -
Safe, cap I-rsafe 1" he cried out, joy-
fully, flourishing the burning news-
"Now, cap, to help you out. -Where
are you? Why, I. declare.? Only your
head and shoulders above ground ?
Well, I'm in good time and that's all."
In ten minutes more, still seeing, that
.his fire did not lack fuel, he had gather-
ed about a wagonload of heavy sticks of
wood, and with these, which readily lay
on the surface of the bog, he proceeded
to build a bridge out to me.
How joyful I felt whewi he finally
finished it, crawled out, and seized my
hand I ceased to sink now, but, wvit\ our
united endeavors, I was gradually lifted,
half an inch at a time,, out of my living
grave, and finally, with strength about
gone, was dragged out, covered with
mud, and stretched before the, ire:
solid ground.
With a cordon of burning ,1sg an
branches of dead trees around us, 'e
slept that night secure from wolves';
but I was so exhausted as to be unable
to proceed on our journey until t.e
second morning after that night of aw-
ful peril. Then with strength rene ved
by our rest of a day and two nights, and
hoping that we had seen the worst of our
dangers, we proceeded northward, in
search of Muller's Camp. .



., .?- <,


Editorial Bureau.
-P- _,T-_ T 0 ,_IG -H-, T
This disease seems to have been
prevalent this season, amfiong the Fall-
_.planted Early Rose potatoes, through-
out these Islands-thereby incurring
a great pecuniary loss to the planters.
tTntil recent years, it is said that the
Blight, as it now appears, was un-
kn6oin.-"'Such is the constitution of
iheb laws of Nature that there is .a
cause for everything existing, (except
GOD). or being brought into existence,
as well as, chiinge of aspect, quality,
condition, etc.-therefore, there is
also a cause for- the potato Blight,
but the cause or causes thereof appear
somewhat difficult to discover or de-
termine correctly. Be what it may,
we would' hazard the idea that there
is no disease whatever, either in the,
animal or vegetable kingdom, without
its alternative-in the shape of a
"specific remedy"---either as a pre-
ventive or restorer. Medical science,
through the aid of reason, experiefiee,
and experiments, puts forth its skilful
.efforts to discover in the invalid the
cause and cure of a certain disease,
more particularly when it assumes
the nature of a prevailing epidemic.
-And yet, notwithstanding the world's
vast experience of the past and pre-
s9nt, there are certain diseases for
which the Medical Faculty have not
yet discovered an effectual specific
remedy. Scientific investigations have
also been made with respect to the
different diseases, etc., such as the
rust, .mildew, potato-rot, premature
decay, deterioration of trees, plants,
seed, fruit trees, etc., to which the
vegetable creation is also subject, in
various instances, resulting frequently
i4 injury or destruction., But what
are the cause or causes of the potato
Blight? is the question we have fre-
quently asked, but so far have obtain-
ed no definite or satisfactory answer.
The second question, a most impor-
taut one,. at the present time, is, "Is,
'ier1 'a preventive remedy for it ?"
And, thirdly, "If there is, what is
that einemdy, or by what means, either
directly or indirectly, which may be
applied to prevent the disease?"
Tese Ire knotty problems to solve.
Withl but a briefly limited experience
in Bermuda, with a 'soil and climate
so different to what we have been ac-
customed to, it would be somewhat
imprudent to attempt the solution.
We wiUl, however, assume the respon-
" s gibiitfWof throwing out a few sugges-
tions, or ideas, relative to the disease
(by which the potato is effected, and
the means to be experimented upon as
(a upppsed preventive, &c., &o. The
.Aleas6 known in Canada and. the
.United States as the potato rot, differs
somewhat from the Bermuda Blight,
inasmuch as ,it seldom effects the
potato uatil it has nearly become
macuird,. and then it seems to strike-
down to the roots at once. The first
symptoms are .those of small whitish
specks on the surface of the potato,
resulting in decay, somewhat rapidly,
if the 'weather is wet and the air close
and warm. While the rot underneath
is going on, the stem and leaves are
gradually withering until at length
they become blanched and withered,
emitting a rancid, noxious odor. Even
aftei the' potatoes have been pitted
[ outside or placed in the cellar, the
S ,-roti -continues, causing them to be
overhauled and the diseased ones sep-
erated from the others-and in many
instances the whole crop is thrown
S out upon the manure heap. Such is
S .-1d#lisease that during the past num-
lber of years has occasionally visited the
S potato fields of those countries referred
to. At present, the Colorado bug is
consideredd as great an enemy to
the plant s the Rot .
Very expedient imagined, has
been resorted to in order to effect a
remedy, but, so far all has been ina-
vailabl. The Bermuda blight ap-
piea'rs to effect the plant at all stages
pf its gi-owth after it has fairly shown
itself above ground. Its presence is
lunown by.the leaves becoming blast-
ed and blackened within a few hours.

IDwring one night whole felds are
converted in color from a' healthy
lookinggreen to a dingy looking dark,
. blanched like as if a heavy frost
had committed its ravages. There is
no second growth, and the stalks with-,
er away, scarcely a vestige remaining,
but the' Inoul ed mounds to tell the
wofubtale that whole regiments of Sir,
Wilt~6iRaleigh'a army had been sud-
del' but: down by the enemy and
their Ittihg, carcasses lie buried un- "
S n'daeatb. This fatal disease -terri-'
ble indeed to the planter-makes its
appearance during a certain ,kind of
.weather, particularly when the wind
bi4w~ "Trom the south-easb; or the
.nqjh-w.e,ft--theefore,. there are ap-
parent reasons for supposing. that the
inteorological condition of the atmo-
sphere, is the" daiae of' th1' blight:
*- h ii.Ath'prevailing opinion among i
hp,,planters. To a certain extent the i

disease may be attributed thereto
but only as a secondary cause
SThere seems to be other causes of i
different nature peculiar to the plan
and soil; but the most radical of all
we are led to suppose, lies in th4
manures which are applied to th<
plant, either directly or through th<
soil. Condensed and highly heating
nutrition, under the name of paten
manures, force the development of th1
plant unseasonably towards maturity
producing quantity but not quality
This forced growth renders the plan
tender, without sufficient vital force
and solidity to resist the influence o:
the weather under certain conditions
In reality it has no "Resisting Power'
not sufficient at least to preserve it,
own existence under certain circum-
stances,-and therefore 'it is liabi
to succumb when a stronger influence
is brought to bear upon it. The lacI
of certain elements in the soil has
also a good deal to do in the matter
but this, in connection with the soil
and weather, we purpose referring tc
more fullyin a future issue.
The introduction of a number ol
novel subjects recently by correspond-
ents to the Local Papers is character-
istic of the spirit of the modern age.
It also establishes the fact that Ber-
muda is not without its giants in in-
tellect, whose suggestive genius ap-
pears to be budding forth new de-
velopments, which may eventually
become matured into fruitful realities.
But the latest, most novel, and start-
ling to the ear-perchance the taste
also-is that of the infamous "Rat,"
which a correspondent, this we-ek, has
placed upon the Editorial table of
the NEW ERA for dissection,-and the
ingenious method he has suggested, to
convert the' filthy rodent into savory
meat, and thus render it palatable
and subservient to the wants of man.
The English Sparrow has been' re-
cently condemned as a. criminal fowl,
and now the foul rat is to be event-
ually consigned to the chop sticks
of the Chinee, and the kitchen guil-
lotine of the Parisian Cook of the
period. To the inhabitants of' some
countries the- rat affords an element
of food, and by many, when properly
cooked, is relished as a luxury. To
the Anglo Saxon, however, the rat gen-
erally appears as one of the most
abominable of all creatures, and merits
no sympathy whatever, under any con-
dition, not even when squeaking with-
in the jaws of the terrier. In fact, it
seems to be invariably detested, even
by Bermudians, and the very sight of,
it makes cowards of many.
The Rat was not originally a native
of these Islands; but imported 'itself!
as a sort of stow-a-way in the hulk of
a grain vessel, some 200 years ago.
Soon after its migration (there be-,
ing male and female) it began to mul-'
tiply, and increased so rapidly that in
the course of a few years the country
appeared to be over-run with them.
IThey ravished the planters' -fields,
destroyed poultry and game, and hes-
itated not to sap the life blood from
the young pig as it lay- i its lair.,
In fact children were in danger dur-
ing the night,, as several instances' of
attack had occurred. Like monkeys
they ran up and down the cedar trees
and played their fantastic tricks
among the boughs. This condition of
things necessitated |the government
to take the matter in hand. Prices
were offered-so much a tail, which
had the desired effect of raising the
whole colony in arms-a regular war-
campaign against the rat, and so suc-
cessful werethe results that before
two years, scarcely rat was to be
seen in Bermuda. But of late years
it appears to have taken a fresh start
in life, becoming more numerous
every year. They are indeed a more
destructive enemy to the planter than
the poor little sparrow, as they not
only ravage his growing fields, but
banquet upon that which is stowed
away in kitchens, storehouses and
cellars. Our correspondent wishes to
reverse the order, by profitably utiliz-
ing it as a nutritious element of sub-
sistance, but, wib will begin first? is
the question. Something however,
must be done soon, towards extermin-

eating the rat, otherwise its' numbers
and depredations will increase to such'
an extent as will be seriously felt by
the inhabitants, particularly thd plant-
ers, who during the past few years
have. patiently endured their own
share of the ten p agupes.
To convert the filthy rat' into sav-
ory meat would be a novel feature
in the dietary department of Bermin-ua,
and we doubt much if even the most
hungry appetite oould be induced to
*make any great HEAD-way towards,
the TAIL. But man is a strange'
sort of animal, largely endowed with:
the functions which enable him to'
accommodate himself to almost any
plaee,: food, condition, and circum-
sta'nce-but inherent antipathies, like
matured habits, are hard to overcome,
but the hardest of all to the people of
Bermuda would be in masticating
the delicious carcass- of that animal
whose progenitors were stow-a-ways
within Noah's Ark, and at the time of
the subsiding flood sneaked out of
the old hulk and took up their abode
upon Mounit Ara-" rat" '
: .i f^ '. '

P SOCIAL HUMBUG. Correspondence.
The greatest humbug in social life is e p d.
that exclusiveness that will not permit a To the Editor of tke New Era.
person to speak to another out of their DFar: Sm.-Having mixed -much
own circle. nor to anybody withotit the with the poorer classes of Bermuda
foriuality of an introdu,-tion. There is for many years makes me acquainted
no computing of the amount of profit, with the fact that their greatest ene-
as wll as pleasure, such persons lose my, next to' rum, is the rat, because it
edging themselvest in with this stuIPI feeds upon the sweet potato, and
fence of fastidiousnes,%. We have al- nuarlyeverything e-lse that grow "'in
wiv? found more of this feeling among their little patches of land. There
persms who were tou-ly-on their social --their 1 P
po wn, than among tho lf res c are millions of rats here and they de-
ing persons who thought nothing' about stroy enormous quantities of food that
it. A great deal of intelligence is float- is so much wanted by thepoor. Now,
ing around the world without being la- I think the Board of Immigration
belled, and these men or wdmen who ought to be applied t oto send foi a
have the good sense to recognize this number of French or Chinese coois and
fact and actupon 4,t,t only are educa- locate them in different util-
ting themselves but conferring the plea- ize the rat into food, and so decrease
sure, which we are all, boundby.the their numbers. They could be caught
common ties of humanity to exchange and sold, the same as fish, and when
with each other. It seems to s ,that it 'properly cooked would be found de-
is ,nlv the snob,and pretender who take iclous ood. Stray pets, when want-
a different view. of the question. ed, also, the foreign cooks would pur.
.--- -* chase and convert into savory dishes;.
HURRY AND WORRY. in fact even our lean cattle might be
What is "life, if we are continually- made fit to eat by these foreign" artists.
in a hurry? A fearful proportion of I have, in other places, partaken of
men kill tlhemsebve while pursuing rats, mice, horseflesh, and, in fact,
the bauble of 'wealth. 'This rush and almost everything else, and have
worry day after day, this restless anxi- found that taste depends on the cook-
ety after-soiething you have not got, ing and not knowing the enaimeS 'f
is like pebble stones in machinery- what yoa are eating. This is a great
they grate and grind the life out of fact, that before the emancipation the
you. You have useless burdens- people lived on corn and other pro-
throw theinm off. You have a great ducts f the farm and lived in good
deal of needless caire-throw it off. health, to great ages. The rising gen-
Pull in the strings. Compact your \ eration are very delicate, and -die
business. Take time for- thought of early, because they live on, biscuits,
better things.' Go out into the air, cakes and sweets, and the time will
and let heaven's sun shine down on 'arrive whenit will become much more
Jour head. Stop thinking of business serious with the young than it is now.
and profit. Stop' grumbling at ad- A happy soul' in a healthy body is a
verse providence. You may probably rare sight in these days. I hope my
never live to see better times than remarks will not be read as a jobke, for
these in this doomed world. -Your they are meant to be read seriously.
most opportune season is now; your Money is so hard to come by. that it
happiest day is to-day. Calmly do becomes us all to look to the future;
your duty, and let heaven take care of besidesit is: the new era, and that
its own world. means change, and, *therefore, why
Snot a change of food. It seemed very
S ASHES AS MANURE. shocking to me at first to eat whale
i t i and shark, but I wish I had some now,
Wood ashes constitutes a most valu- properly cooked, and the almost din-
able manure on almost every soil. nerle-'A wrifer'Would fevl himself bet-
Their. chemical constituents consist of e tis co!d d h elf bey.
salice, alumina, oxide of iron, oxide of e You canhave no idea of 'th. lage
manganese, potash, soda, and phosphate. You cf have no ide of -.he lar
These constituents are essential to the amount of mshiet rats dom in fainl-
growth of -plants: but potash is the ton and St. Georges Parishs-'-wter
most important of all. It is always rats, as large as rabbits. I induced a
needed to decompose the various organ- few young men in Tuckers Town to
ic substances which exist in the soil-a j eat a few rats; badly .cooked as they
change is requisite to their becoming were, they pronounced them very
food for -plarrts. Potash' also renders nice.
inorganic substances soluaible. thus con- Yours, &c.,
converting inert minerals into useful 'PAGET.
plant food. Sandy soils are the most 'Feby. 1, 18. "
benefitted by the application of ashes, 'p: S.-How is it that -the Frech
and they are more particularly useful people, with all t--ir fighting, are so
for the following crops: potatoes, carrots, -' el fe al t s o y
corn, beans, peas, clover and grass gen- Why, ant are moey it
erally. A comepost may be made by Wh, hy its teyen- How is ,t
thoroughly mixing three parts of pul- tht Cn. t t t ng io
verized soil, one part of hen manure and lives? Wh I, they are good tCooks ;
two parts of unbleached' wood ashes. and it is wel known -that the French
Mix well, moisten, and allow to stand and Chinese can live,when English
from four to .eiglit weeks. Apply dry- people, on the same food, on account
a handMdl to each hill, as with guano, of the name, would starve. Oh! what
and the result 'will pay your trouble four a boon cocking schools would be for
fold. Bermuda, with a reduced -French
count" at the head of affairs, or a
INCREASE OF OCTIH ( .RTMME'. Chinese mandarin..

: In both thi United States and Can-
ada crime appears to. be on the in-
crease. Inalmost every paper we
take up we see chronicled reports of
burglaries, highway robberies, sui-
cides and nmurders. Canada, so long
noted for its comparative absence of
black crimes has of late become noto-
rious for its midnight robberies and
murderous assaults. Its towns and
cities appear to be infested-with organ-
ized gangs of blacklegs and night-
prowlers, -who even find ingress into
houses- inw quest of the "house-
hold gods, "but few there are in these
golden days who when they have
found their treasures gone are ready
to exclaim in the golden language of
the immortal Shakespeare:
"'He who steals my purse steals trash."
Even murder appears to have be-
come a more prevalent 'irime, anid
possessed of a less appalling aspect.
Of late a number of very atrocious
assassinations have been committed ;
events which should strike terror into
every heart and the perpetrators there-'
of should be dealt with according to
the utmost penalty of the law. Vil-
lains of so-black and red a stripe as
Guiteau, should no longer be the re-
eipients of leniency from either civil
or regal authority. To smooth over
the rough surface of murder with the
ointment of the good Samariatan is
of little use to mitigate that horrid
crime, ,and a reprieve too frequently
serves as a sort of certificate of moral
character. incarcerationn in the Re-
formatory seems to have little good
effect either. Horrible offences
should :'be punished with horrible
chastisement. What is wanWed in
such cases is swift inexorable justice,
'and the fullest infliction of deserved
punishmefit. To the man who abuses
his wife, or commits an assault upon an
innocent -givji, apply to his back a
leaden blister of the cat with the nine
tails, while to the brutal wretch who
saps the life blood from- his fellow
man apply 'he' lasso with its unmiti-
gated terrors. Until such is done,
and vigorously carried out, a health-
ier state of society zeed n6ot be ex-
pectted. '

** -
For the New Era.

and monstrous tails of hideous win, -
ings, crawl upon the floor and hang
around and above his couch; and
with horrors innumerable filling his
chamber, he groans and raves and
cursesand dies, But let us throw the
mantle of oblivion over this, picture,
and take one from fashiQnable life.
The young man attends the social .and
brilliant party, '-J y.; thrills .every
heart, beams in every,,eye, tadiates
on every face. 'Laughter, the heart's
best and purest music, r7mgi4ae
festal chamber. A lady present .fh
wine glass. Her, fair hands, urpprt
the salver. Her. face, counenanee,
manner and voice, are earnest, charm-
ing and inviting. Who could refuse';
The fashionable bar, the professed
liquor shop have no attractions' for
him. He cares not for the beverage,
but he drinkse- Why I His gallantry
to woman seems to demand it. It
is a part of his homage at the feet of
what is to him, if he is a true man,
the embodiment of all his ideas of the
beautiful and good. He may have
secret resolutions against it; he may
have an ungovernable appetite when
it is excited; he may have promised
his mAot1ei. Lufl 6wad-4- aif.i
tbahlie would never touch, taste or
handle anything which had a possible
tendency to inTemperance; but they
; are esteemed for the moment as noth-
ming when weighed with the pleasure of
pleasing woman. Such scenes rA-
peated, and a love for the stimulus 'is
created, a habig is formed, and the
young man .becomes a' confirmed
drunkard. And long after the poor
inebriate is dead, his thoughtless
temptress may live and laugh and
love." ;
Jan., 1882. ,. ,

Local Items.
se- The prices given for potatoes per
barrel, for shipment by last steamer was
25s8 and 216s.
1Jig It is' reported that the 'MYv.
'Mr Hardy, Chaplain to "the trodpsat
Prospect, will be relieved by the Rov.
T. Darrell. :e .R
SW- It is understood. that the Hon.
F. A. C. Foley will succeed ViceAd-
miral Sir F. McClintock, in command
of the North American Squadron.
S" The riders of the Bermuda
.Hunt Club purpose having a run to-
morrow frn,h Spittal Pond to Wood-
lain'ls. Their Analysis" will be gaz-
ettel that da-y by.the paper bulletins

Ds- Tie following. prices" were *ra-
lized for Bermuda produce *ent by.the
"0.-ino.o"" of Jan. 19, in New York :-
Early Riose I',tatoes-best $9 per bL
second qiulith $7. To ratoes $50 per
box ; beets 3 peribox,
.k Shiipped -to-,w ork bT Ahe
" Orinoco" last Thursday.- .
917 bls. potatoes,
59 boxes of TI'omatoe,
S135 lDeets,
4 IIdc. Rim-; -
54 eniptv Carboys.
i Tho 8. s. Courland", omt
Portsmouth, iEngland. Jis expected
hero this week. She brings with her
2 sections .of 4th Royal Engineers,
antd upwards of 100 men belongin to
thA e -.. I TR;ol. ? i .. R..:A.. hLif

yL rs nines, Peiqaeh orz
The first dram is the wicket gate, small drafts for the different Corps
and dram drinking, the road to in- stationed in these Island. '-
temperance. The regular dram Capt. B. Stahl, through the akill-
drinker sooner or later becomes a ful workmanship of Mr. Bennett, con-
druukiard. This is the rule--if he tractor, ,nd his skilled workmen, i-
.does not, it is the exception. 'Young rushing up the new ice-house at great
man! the glass which you hold in speed ; a cargo of superior northern ice
your hand is the chalice of death. is expected shortly, and then IHamiltou
n the name of your another, lift it will not only have "an ice-house"-but; a
not to your lips, nor drink its a0curs- nice-bouse" also, as on ornament to
ed contents; for demons laugh in Broad-way.
every sparkling bead, and. dance in Ae We understand that Mr. Atkins
every drop. The first little drain is offering high prices for white pota-
the first tittle breeze which whiffles toes, (English Kid, y) for exportation
-over tie' plain, the forerunner 'of the by the S. S. Courladffwhich is expected
coming simoon.- Yes, the first dram this week-tose having them for sale
is the easy pathway meaderig would do well to bear this in mind, as
is thme -., h an during after the steamer leaves there will be a
through flwverj meadows and mossy le c dispose of them at fair
lanes; and thousands are travelling l.. est
this road. Look at the vast hostof .-'" e
merry .ipplers commencing their .i A Acorrespondent of the "Gaz-
joumney.. And now look again in the ette" startles the Bermudian Public
dim distance and- see them winding with the suggestion that the (Govern-
their way amid the black and desolate or's pond might be profitably oonviert-
rocks, until they disappear forever. ed into a Skating Rink, the ice to be
Every drunkard was once a moderate formed by chemical means. This
drinker. Dram drinking, however would afford winter sport to visitors
works a fearful ruin in the field of and the gay youths of Hamilton and
the sensibilities. It subverts and -vicinity. The idea could be easily
destroys the delicacy of man's nature, utilized if the good old Fathers in
it chains him to thewheels of appetite, Power would only vote the necessary
corrupts the affections and leaves but funds. Such an institution in bur
a desolate waste inhabited by coarse midst would indeed be an-ie"-'thing.
"passions and detestible hates. "Look, So At the general meetingQf. tho
if you please, at the haggard, marred members of the Berkley Educational
and shameless drunkard. Hear him Society which was held. on Monday
'in his ravingsas he laughs and sings evening the 30th, ult., in the-.awn
and curses. See him lift the rugged Hall, the committee- presented--their
club or cursed whip and lacerate the" Annual report, which showed thate.on-
frail and tender back of her whom siderable progress had been" mt,e
he swore, to love and. protect. See during the past year. The- a6ndnt,
:him.Ateal the earnings wrung irom as funds, with the Treasurer, i.'-151
the nerves of his weeping wife, to buy 18. 6. The number of subscribers to
rum, and turn his naked children out the' Declaration is 151, of whom 72
to beg anddie. And yet follow him are members. The following are, the
still further and witness the horrors of Resolutions passed at 'the meeting,
"Delirjum Tremens," as he lies upon his Lordship, the Bishop presiding ---
his dying bed. No painter ea. paint .---That theReportbeadopted. Pro-
the terrors of that hour. Beings of poser, Mr. S. Parker, Jr. ; Seconder,
fitudish fiery shape begirt him on Mr. J.-Barritt.
every side; writhing serpents with a I 1.-That the degree of suecaeam dy
sting in every tail, cra. vl about him. .attained -.wrrants a coaotinace f
Icaley dragons With eye of rollin~fire orts on behalf irf the C6ediy: T.'r-


HE/ w IE : E 1' E RS.
. . I ". ., I t

p e. it r'3M. '. H. Thomai; Sec6nder,
,. ,i" 'I'a.TuCker.
a Ul.--T'at there is urgent need of the
citeasedin the number of members be-
re aunlpplicatioht ismnade to the Leiis-
liatre fta.tA e Act of Incorporation: '. P3r-
.. r; -Mi. W. T.;Joell ; Seconder, Mr.
t.'yrott. .
SIV.-Phat this: meeet ing' pledges its
sympathy and-. support in favor of the
Pre.posr, Mr.S.. D. Robinson; Secoa-
ldert:. r. .ParkrtSenur.
l' 'Go6v,6rpdr is apparently re-
*' "i A-tf#h R. RtY: C'lub's Sail Race
- 'oni" Frid la'-tt-st'. the'rival boats came in
as fopllwhi:r AuiLtVIuss, Undine, Emerald,

S Ltblteltgen6e of the Schooner
"W. G., q ley,' signed to S. S.
Inihaimpf.tI Qown. has been received.
During ,a heavy .siorm about. the mid-
dle of- December, she became water-
- )ogged, and ,in a sinking condition.
-The Capt. and crew were subsequently
rescuedd by the 'Schooner "'Ebou H.
'King,'" aid safely land. d at Grenada.
*Piiot BrdngtntAi;' of Somerset, is
iMidngi'.iie rtimber'and is safe.

< t-._ -'. ^-i^-- ,- y .- r
S.. -. .es r'. hw-alLi in Nova Scotia and
)aw Brunswick. :, .. : ... .7 .;
L;:ONDON, Ian, 28.-'The betting is 3
to1 Ion Hanian in' s 'coming race
with Boyd. I
U .T. Vieina h Taglbift' reports that
-600 insurgentss have appeared' north
of Stolitz,'in Bosnia.
Ntwithstauding the unfavorable
Sweather for Winter sports, Montreal is
becoming a favogte .Winter resort for
faelioiable Amekneridais:. .
SIt ii stated that Mr.. Dillon, in% com-
Spny wiith-"Issrs. Parnell, O'Kelly and
()'Brien,, ais rfcteve4 notice that he
has been remanded foi the further peri-
od of jlee onutoh, s ,
,a _6 I 49.i 1ms to lmrn than to bury: the
deast in Denmark. Bodies can be iicine- the-proposed new furnace at the
moderate, cost of from one to two dollars,
ad' the project finds favor with the poor
on the groulidjo ecouinoy. 1,
-'ST. PTEr4nBRno. Jane 2S.-There were
Very sfrioljs ulistiirbahLces aiil tile destitrc-
alibti if innich property near lthe town of Din.
', ibrg. hi the government of Vitebsk, at the
end "If la t .week, oding to Ilhe oljection' of
the' pe)'iniuts to the taking ,,f the census..
i' bhy e'ven fir a lime resi.tid tithe Iroo)ps.
If 'he "t % It'es.4 Burdett Courts sur-
vivelYhexr ainAiirjtget t ve year. she will
"forA- iuihanr, taking her loss eonse-
Squen on marriage at '275,000 'a year "an
"Xpsiv.e.liVO4 xury, but she could afford
at. -
Lorid Lrvon_, formerly Briti4li Minister
Sfati W.ishiAgton, ad lfor many years
'Britih .Ambais;adqr a! I'rllis. h]s been
advanced one satpj'id the fritish Peer-
ag; tinder-thi- title of Vis 'of ChritChurc,', inthy count rypf South-

handle. By this means a powerful light
can be waved over the water _warning
any vessel approaching in an opposite
direction, or in "the course of -the one
-with, the light, that her courAe has been
changed, while it also' shows those in
charge-whether: he course is'clear. Mr.
IMacloifald considered that wit a pow--
.fll reflector the light visile
'for 15 miles. -
It ia not generally nown, but relapd'
is rich ihn niiu ral stores. Her-coal,
iron, lead and copper deposits are both
extensive and valuable. At Knockruai-
hom, in the county of Waterford, nearly
three thousand tons of copper are raised
every year. Laganure's lead is a stable
quotation in the markets, and the Slie-
vordagh and Dulkallow collieries have
an otnfput o' coal which would not. shame
sonie English pits.- The great want of
this portion of Irish industries is, how-
ever, capital ; and if absentee -landlords
would only invest a tithe of the rents
they draw from Ireland in. Irish 'labor,"
the whole aspect of-afafirs. would beo
changed in half a generation. Money
to develop mining and lay,..railwajs
down to the sea, where cheap. freight
I could be obtained, 're ,the first w
needs of Irish trade so far as minerals
go. This obtained, there is no reason
to doubt that at second Durham stand a
... 1 .4tfordshire mit li founded
on the 0oM siW (5fthe Ins.

Eight thousand i* hundred and three
miles rof railway were 'coi.trmcted in the
United States lust year, the largest ontrecotd.
An effort is being made in Hartford to en-
force an old blue law which makes concert
going on Sunday nights a penal offence
The custom of paying New Year's visits
has fallUn uff coau ideralIy this year in. Que.
bec. Even the Lieut -Govenor's reception
was but. prorly attended,
SMr., Eleanor Grover of York, Me.,
who recently died in old age, had used
tobacco for some 50 years, and kept ain
account which showed over $1,100 paid
forl 'the weed.
fMi "O. A. Vinlet; of Alexandria, Va.; who
began to 'fast sixty days ago, 'tinder the in-
saie delusion that God -commaned her to
commit suicide by fasting. is dead.- She
was ,without food forty-three 'consecutive
days. '" ,' -
WLuMNGTON, Del., Janrnary 26.-John
McCnIlion got his foot fast in a frog oni the
railroad. while cleaning haow from'the track
at Delaware Junction. lie wvas: unable to
extricate thde limb beforiea train cam along
and killed him.
Steffers Stanleyi a' hunter in Livingston
county, Arkansea ou the bank'6f the White
Hivter. shot and r.ouided a deer.' Staunley
seized the animal ,by the horns and a strug-
*gloa ens'ed. the deer phinging into the river
andidragging Sthilly smith him. B6th weru
drowned. .
Dliii lt osp,:of Clit(tanooga. made up her
mind tormarry, at 15. notitlhstanding her
father's command to wait tire years.
While she stood. hefroe a clergyman, within
thie ceremony hli:f performeil;- her thiee
brothers broke into tho room, brandiuhlcd
pistols, and ct.rrit-d her away,
Ex-GCov. R. C. M'Cormnick litns piirch:as-d
16 lnilE acres, of lamd in the State of :Coli'a,
on thi- halcifc cot.-t of Me xico. Ind4 is going
into |nlsiueM" of eCfifee culture'on 'a large
'sale. -He has 40,0(60 trees in bearing now,

Bis: Tif
At Sounthampton Parish, oil "'Tuesday,
Jany at the wifop Peter-Sixmmons-


February 2-Mail .i'teamger Orinoco, Fra-
ser, New York.- -.. ,
4-Nonvigen Barque Viva, Chrikteun,
New York.,.

'* *; '. ners-r ; s
February. --Liberian Ship Criterhon,
Brown. London for' Now York ; gef-
eral-cargo ; ih diatress.--Agent, J.-S.
Darn ll. ,.* :- 'a- : -<,.
8- -B:itish Brig. Jane E. Ila, from
Porto Rico; bound to Halifax ; lden
with sigar; in distress.-Agent J. S.
Darrell. .
Jany. 31-Barkentine Stlis, Reynolds,
Brunswick. Ga. ; ballet.

j J ttJhe Mal steamer 'Orinoco" for
Darrell, Miss Anmie Darrell, %Iss N.a,
Miss Dora L. Gray, Messrs. James
Johnston;, E. W. Cutler, W. A. Amnee, F.
T. Frith, V. Marengo, J: MI. Baldwil:+
2ND CABIN, Kearney Colden.
Unclaimed Letters.
Joao S de Auzaral, Marianne Bell,
Joseph 'Bese, -Wm Brown, 'Harriet Bas-
come Jose F Carolle, Schr "Kit 'Car-
son,"- RED Davis, Joseede S Doiovico,
Elizabeth Foler, Joao S Fereira, Geeo
Goinez, E Goderick, ..Poreas J Hinson,
Heurik Haraldsen, Capt Hooper, Wm Fn
Heowell, Banj Innes, H Marks & Co, M
,. Nunes, M J Niccolls, Ann L Richrad-
sop, Jane Smith, SG Sinmons, Mrs J H
Smith, Stovel (Paget), Richard Smith,
Schr D A Small, Rosania Smith, Lucy
"Ilrott, C S Tucker, Jos Tolenian, Brig $1
" Trowbridge," Barque '" 11Ia Wilson,;,
Geo B White, James .Weeks, E Well-
man. .. .
Post Office, Hamilton, Feb. 4,188.'

A Z Acherson, W H Bully, John Da-
ril, G Dickezison,-Haakon HEveemn, Aub-
rey T Smith, Alfred: Skarin, J B Sinith,
(Tucker's Town). ,J Walsh.
St. Georges, Feb. 1, 1882. -


""'Pn"'- .. : a expects to iltat l5,090 per year for four
A very. lairsg pottion'of "flite yvearn to. come. In order to encourage this
land ill Tri4 lIta bfA%1, is C'.,oiiseqiene o if ipltst-y,. the State will remit for a period of f
the recent triibler., WIft -nt,swu, and it is ten vtars.all duty on thu coffe-u and all taxes J
e.timnted'liy tliw etqrpale oft judging that oni the land where it is grown.
,w hen tir- srity tf fo,,l begins to ibe felt A stone bridge to be built at %Iinmenpolis
in the it.e f e c itry another an'd id. fair to become one of the notable strnc-
prnbably afievrceithiniirreetion of the peoplI' tires of the world. It will consist of sixteen
is' likdyto-weal ot' 80 feet spans and fWour1000 feet spans, and
.'" Tho:quesitrn hais ariseh at St. Thomas, including thle shore pieces, will have a total TIE
Canada, whether a man who rents a length of 1,90) feet. It will .support two
pew at aLurceh bau ass it for a sleepuI, railway tracks at a heighthiof 'over sixty feet
partmentdin-the hours of service. ahove tle water. and will riun diagoa ll L
aart tt -i e hou1rs o f semi rosr the river belowS t. Antliony 's Falls,
The courts denied that a pew is like a he is estimated at nearly 8500,000. A,
,l krt,.la.ia.deepinDwgar, and that a man Stdden ivealith, has hadi a bad effeetoua a stl.p.., it 0r it an(nd listen to the- Boston stock-spee4llaor. .or merly he as
,.ae'rmoa. : .'well-behit'ed. Now, he ,keeps his house
.*..-Fifty vearr ago, a little girl, the only lighted from attic to cellar all niglit 'Rong,
-childaof-a settlernenr Ott-vwa. Can., dis- andc'p,',ses hours in smashing costly china
appeared,.-. &anD was thoughtt to be eaten and glass. Occasionally he opens the win- HIl
by wild beasts.- ---r. mother died o. f 'dows, ,and yells like a lunafic.' Oi'lffcrs whio
gri and ber fat. Her beftme a herdit. entered the house lately found bushels of
griif, and her Ifanir become a hermit, r6k articles. He goes-'to 'his office in JU
4tecently an Indian confessed that he the daytime quite soberly. o
atole bth d,1dt !and, -bhrght her up,; Sran-ers at Seville- Ohio, are astoni^lted
making her the .squaw of his sons, whai- they see at hoise with doors ten feet
.with.who, -she tif..liyes..with her child- highland everything else ,aout it propor- BJro
,r en. ... ,.., tioihte in size. Under a shed stands au niolh
-. fespexrimneat of hearing a thleatni- renormno carnage, a td, on entering the Woo
.'--perormace t the A- dit -cof b lilding, inuch of the furniture is found to mL
eal..,perfortubane -f the? distance ofe be about twiceas big as ordinary articles,.
.. lewy es te telephone, This is the residence oaf Mr & Mrs. Bates, thle -.
4.av in London. giants, who are familiar objects in the show ,
,It took place at the Bristol Hotel, which. world. They are between seven aind a half
was connected .wit th theheatre. The and eight feet in height,'and conanon room o
-rceijvlgitrintrih~eits 1'er' laced in th& and furniture-aretoo small for tein. U
osOeniini-ofith theatre right and left.. At Virginia City they sold a horee out of Pr
'TelephondAs fr 'th'e iighbt and left %'ar the fire-department, and soon after lie stood
:were supplies' to audieiice in the hotel. n front of a atcti.n-room. hitched to a
i- ahe comic op-era, load oltfurniture, whenuthe fire-alarm struck.
.T perfo ,ance.,as't- comic oper an nd Ilose6" came rushing by. Thie force Eli
-,'The. MasoottY. Dialoguesn, songs and of h-bit was strong,- The horse broke away
..pues'. 'e almost distinctly heard. .-and ,ashed lead, 'strewing second-hand
" ..: Prfewsfor lifileyi' authority for the furniture all along the route, but keeping
itatament that 'the bld- cesspools were his team ahead of "Hose 6" all the way,
preferable to the water sewerage system and backingnup to the hydrant nearest to the
s i fire, with a perfectly intelligible expression exsta in anostinodern cities. Of of" Here we are ahead once more." The
course;-the-. later method -isJonly on next day he was bought back and restored
,practible.feor large :.ities ;.kut the .very to his old place.
means -'taken for removing filth bring
S-diltdfhnad'difall'atd'-tio every household, GEMS OF THOUGHT. 1-
.'dtsietheaiewed'age is ibarfect. Bad. as l Conceit is to nature what paint is
wAretthe plag-uind bladk death of' past to beauty; it is.not only needless, but
ageithe mortality fromthem was trflig impairwhatit would improve.
e4Qmpandwsith that 'which-is caused' by m wa i wol impov.
e: .boutcSwiUtforsdf itnotic ,diseases en- ~d No life canbe utterly miserable that
.wa ,dereA 4 bi.4efevtive water sewerage is heightened by the laughter and love -'a
.ysta. ..Ottawa Free Press." -of one-little child.
'l J.i. A..:Macdonald,: advocate, Q. -If 6nI let trouble rest upon your
-* 3e Fdi..burgh. has. constructed an in- soul like a hen upon her nest, you may A
tupant ,'wltch hecall.4-the Holophote expect the hatching of a large brood. A
ourge T criltdor, intended ;to diminish Good qualities are the substantial IS
thbea t night, and riches of the mind; but it is good
S e ii'd and described breeding that sets them off to ad- a
ktin5dil o 'the' instrumenfit to a select .
""opvyWFvtffhitmbirg;, and' stated his vantage. .
intention of forwarding itto the Electri- Strive to be rich in knowledge. A ,
efl tiTtio .a" -SNdehaMm, London. man gets more than the value of what-
*" Xhdt f 't lkctripc light, with a ever he gives in exchange for learn-

-Cl~ ^ ^ p^ a ^...^ .* -.

For Sale,: -
liags "HAltcO.rL; -
*sGoenuin,- .GNGO-'I URA BITrERSS
e 110NEY BAY W ATER, "
LU IVWA i':R,.-; Ra beho Perhfume,
RIllIlA'WATER,-" -
& Secoulia..lad FlIRITURE .:
S' .A LSO.' .. ""
That Wonderful Machine
L I/ l l I.. ...

Something Worth Seqir.g.
M -M-Ex- :,,;
IVER, .toimahii, and Pectorai PADS
I Absorp.tive PLASIERS, -':
,orptive SALT for Footr Baths, :
&., &c., &. & :
::: J,;H. T. .JACK N.N '
S opposite Post- Office.
nil'on, Fobv. 7t,, 1882 .

wi, COTTONS, --\\lite SIHIReTS,
isiedl PI ETTICOA'l'S-very cheap,.'-
STERS and JACKETS-,vcry cheap.
ISH GUANO-"clhenp, .
'to RitS UGAR-soperior to 'Yacu-
umi pall. A A
milhon, Febv. 6th, '-82.


Or' Shipment to 1Londn
Per Steamer .,Coburland.'^
Applyto .
It?. ?^Jl N&CO.
milton, Feby. 61882.-

i Auction Goods
ent for Sale under
S.,limits ,
lust POV- 1 -.11 Or,
? Said .Limits Cannot 'be ob-
-r." tau" dined. '.. : .
'B. WWALKEuR o beeS.,

Delicious SweetOranges

Yams., 0Copouuts,
'Phfie above have- arrived, anid are
flr $ale *tuy
S .J,. H.-. JACKSON,
Opim Post Office.
Itamilton, Feiy. 7, 1882.

* '+ . ,

The London" Line of

;.. 100 AI LLOYDS, '

C. H. U YOD'&u, v"
iue in BERMUDA ahour'

aking FREIGHT 'and PAS-
Apply- to-
-. P. ATKINS. CO,&
Ag' ents.
Hamilton, January 30th, 182.


The celebrated Lady Finger,
Vanilla, Cream-Bar, Demi. Lune
Star Lemon,.Nic Nacs ,
Constantly fresh and crisp
AT -

A "III 1

Cincinnati Sausage,
enad Chiepa, ir'Bran,
Dutch Head *Chiiee
(Genuine Edam)

*'TI ',".- f /^,

. l^. &.

If you wish Coffee unadulterated -with
Chicery or other substances, Cal at
"- Nexit the 'Melburne House.
Hamilton, Jany. 31 1882.

A ": A. 'T nrir.rrTTg'lr

4- ;;.' ::


.> EVERY -

Saturda-y enig,

. -. A; .*"S:.;'. P & **.*.-;'.'.* ,m ..
DR'EW, "W : .
TO ^ * ;; *;-

Re Ceed ,per in Orino,

Gent's Pin6h Calf Skin BOOTS.,
Morocco ditto,-
Calf Skin SHOES,

SALSO.,- '.
e, &c &".,.
S iton, Ja DURDEN.
Mr.Iuiilton, Jat. 30, 1882. .-*.

Two Thousand Bushels-,"
h ard Stone Lime
.i': Quanti.ties to suit Pur,-
S chasers.
Orders promptly attended: toe,-I
CHAS. A., V. FRn..
Paget, Jany._ 11th, 1882.--1 ia


gg ^: 2 Superior ;'

Suitable for Cairriago, C p.-
.... ...o P. ough. i, ,-
v,- very Superior Family...

7 1 H B

.,C A J ;.Very Gentle, and can be attended
: by a Child, without risk
rIflE hUNDERSIONED w6did inforif An Ordinary T1al:Given' ,
,ti, l te PUBLIC .thit he has increased A. Orsn Tria :G'ven.',
hii AcCOMODATION by having Rented that -NO Reasonable Offer Refused.
large lnuiliiig adjotiinig the well-known W". WALKER & CO. :
"STONElAV EN ," facing REtI STtrFT, 25 Front reet.
E. "ast, -" a"sconiver ( il it ro2 l5 wrp t
East, atl h-as cvert.d it ute a .Hamilton, Feby. 6, 1882.
SP blic. House ,, .
-The Ititrior has'. uid& 6ieii ia ro i ,- : -
ihanhge, "aid comnirises a ntumber of- excel- ... j'gtiW leei' '. 1 '>
lent ROOMS, well irnii ished, alid fitted i -, .
out for BGOA ORDERS.
le othel'4otuse has also undergone a "Io' oat lnecei ni 1bvu
thorough repiir, andi severe ol anew oon "o jw ---w l ,
added. -' fteai-$bhip Beta, From Eliifax.
'c With ample convenience and neccoine- -
ofiie WPLr. RRTMS Superior CODFISH,
tlatio lnand hIeIn T sitO ftl arotf B pits TONGUES and-SOUNDS.A
of ,the.Town, X IS 1 OR1- frornn ahroad -" a MACr ULiR, t
would find, i, a cotuf;rt.ralte and pleasant Boxes BASS and MARA, -
placeo toresde? at:. :s of Smoked I : RRIN S, .
A" ; G, GREEN, All of which will be'.sold very
-" ;' Propridtor cheap. .for cah. ,,
Suone aven Hotel. S& .Joardingaouse. B, W. WALKER &. CO.,
H. amilton, Janty. 31, 188.. A ., 25 Front Streel
- : ai.. '. Hainltb, Jany. 23, '182.

Just Received,
E cS^ S.'Orinoco "
From.i ew: rorkl
A Fresh Supply of
11.8SmAied BEEF,
irne BIF, -aud Ox TONGUES,
Soused Pigs FEE', A
LuneiCh TONGUES, -.:' "-A
hlun SAU1SAGEI.{', *-"-- -" "
Potte'IIIA'M, TONGUE staid BERF,;
Prcais arid i'P NU'TS, SOAP,
S'TARCH, BICUITS of all kinds,.
Canned MEATS, '
.. c.,, & c., .: -o
- ,. JOhN BARRITT. ..
Hamilton, Jm, 8.. --SS2,

(Worker in Cane) '
Is prepared to cleaan adput in .or.

S'o:A.l 6 Polish them.-'
He guaranteed to give satisfhC0U
Address -
g, "Near tha ectory. ?t
Paget, Oct. 22,1881. ....


,-- L::
( :).:i ."


U f .IEBVJ/evw tore
Vo' ,., .DEA1LER IN New
erah Dry Goods,
-EST EN D, Ceap Price

Under the Arches,

-AAmong which will be found :
fIRES8 GOODS-very ehen1p,
ULS'ftRs,- Wool SHAWLS,
French CORSETS-somu large,
Gent's Good Re d-:made CLOTHING
of pl sort, ,
50 Bis. New Portland CEMENT
at 15s. 6 ., :
CROCKERY WARE in great variety,
English ST ARCH/, CANDl ES,
TEAS, Cheap CIGARS, 4s. 4kd. per
box up,
s RIOE--15s. 6d. per 100 lbs.,
S 8s. 6d. per 50 Ibs.; 4s. 6d. per
25 lbs.,
b,,M --hl8f 'f ry Low
Iamitodn, Nov. 19th, 1881.



'IAN there be any Articles, in the
Market more suitable for Presents
than those offered by the tUndersigned?
HUSBANDS,, before Purchasing a
Piece of Jewelry, *&c., consider if one
ofthe .. ,, : :

The Best in Use, which will do one
Week's work in one day, thereby giving
time to rest and enjoy tle Holidays, is
not the best to take home .

Y6un iT n ard M:ai dens,
%' "If you. wish fo give your' FRIENiS a
present that will, interest and
S: iustruct' them' on various
subjects of importance,
Get them one.of the valuable works,
that oost less, and. wills be appreci-
ated' more ad last longerthan

The Pictorial History of
-.. .. or ^-
the Wor ld

Over 1;20b0 Pages and 650 Engravings.
, r 'The Encyclopedia of
Business & Social Forms,
Crowded with information on all
-* Subjects of Interest.
The HISTORY of that Great and
Good Man,
James A 6a airfieldd,
Late President .of the United States.
i Young M-n, read nud learn how' a boy
in poor circui.stinces, may rise to, the
head of oue of the greatest Nations of the'
W orld. -/, ,. .. ..

Family Bible,
With over 2500 Illustrations.
A Marriage Certificate, Album, &c.
FATHER S--procure one for the YouAg
YOUNG MEN taking the responsibility
of Families-you will need one.
CHILDREN-prove to the Old Folks
-,,i.-.,\-;, that they are not forgotten
by you, by giving them
the best and most iastruc-
tive of all Presents,
i$s llustrateid FramiV Bible
J 'H. T. Ji" KSON,


Opposite Post Office.'
,Hamilton, Jan. 9, 1882.

Loidon uaid Ne.w York. ,-
Me,~i' Felt HATS,
A very handsome assortment of
S. irth-day CAaDS,
And numerous other Goode.
And a fual lino of

ff.pwi Nov. 28, 1881.


(East End Hamilton)
Begs respertfully .to invite Public atten-
tion to his First Class Stock' of.
G, r o e r 1 e s
PRo ISIOsrs,
And to ellcit a share of their patronage.
New Stock of

art FixsT 0Lecei' lvec L
l P I1 9R1 0 IS -



Coffee e s8,


llams and Bacon,

Biscuits and Confectioinery,
Jellies, Nuts, Spices,
Canned FRUITS and .MEATS
of all descriptions.
:IloIae 1lade I'read !
&c., &c., &c.
NOTE.--All J.' E,, 's GOODS are
of Superior Quality and are offered
at the Lowest Possible Prices for
J. E. B.
Hamilton, Dec. 20, 1881.


H AVING lately received orders to
Found great difficulty and much loss
in doing so.
We have decided to make a special-
'OF COWS on Commission. Any
person wishing to- sell' a Cow will
please communicate with us, giving a
description of the Cow, how many
.Calves had, what quantity of milk
given per day, &c., the price wanted,
and where she can be seen.
Persons wishing to purchase, can,'
by calling at our Office, 25 Front
Street, have a reliable description of
COWS for sale, and the price of each;'
and as we have spacious enclosed Lots
adjoining our Stores, Cows will 'be
guite safe and attended to; should they
have to stay in- Twn over night, when
sent for deivery.
All Sales will,, be: for CASH on delri-
Hamilton, Nov.21, 183.
; <44

E-o r. ,S ._.3~.E
In Good Order.
42 Front St.
Hamilton, Jany. 23, 1882.

The Forest Lake

lee tI

Eclectic Labore-



c Ge.Cs Furnishing.
Hats. Caps and Shoes.


January 9, 1882.



a^itB. Georges,
Every tuesday and Friday.
Temporary Office :
Redan) HIouse-upstairs.
Office Hours from 10 to 4,
Hamilton, 1st Novr., 1881.


: a tuad hios ,f uselidl articles
Just Received,
Conmprising in all the finest stock of
Holiday Goods
Ever offt- ed iii Brermuda.
An early call and inspectionis respectfully
solicited by
T .... ibmankde"&aer jclr.
Hamilton, Bermuda, Decr. 6, 1881.

Has iust Openea

G roceries,
Tins Roast Beef, Mutton, Duck,
chickenn; Goose,
Potted 'Ham, Beef ntid Toi.dgn,
Greeni PIEA-, BEANS, CORN and
Bottles Assnrted PICKLES, Red Cab-
bage and SAUCES,
Corned BEEF in Tins,
BISCUITS of all kinds,
SUGAR-white and brown,
FLOUR, Tins Cocoa & Milk.
Chocolate ,nid Milk FRY'S COCOA,
Green and Burted COFFEE,
Oatmeal, Oihneal, Corn Meal,
Flaxseed, Linseed Meal,
Bottles of SYRUPS of all flavors,
Bottles of PYE FRUIT, Damson,
Goose',errivs, C.rnl'o riei, (reen-
gages, Ihuuiarb Plums, Cherries,
&c., &c,
Tins of FRUITS in Syrups, Cherries;
I'eaches, Plums, Pears. Pineapple,
Strawberry, Apples, and Aprid'ts,
JAMS of all flavors,
I oz. B, ttie o<.f EENCES Leinon,

Tartarih ACII).-powdered,
IA IR O01.-1ussorted 'flvorg,
Fine Olive OIL, CURRIE, pon dtered in
b bottles, :
CLOVES, ALMONDS in and ou0t of
shell, ,
Jars Preservcd GINGER, SAGO,
OATS, BRAN, & &, :.&G.0..
Corner of Victoria Street,
and East Broadway.
Hamhilton. Jan. 9, 1882.

A'k your next door Neighbor wheilher
he was satisfied with the work done for
him by
Paget,,Jany. 2, 1882.

Hair Dressing Hall.

FRED. DA 71, air reser &c.
Formerly of Boston, U.S.,
For their liberal patronage dur-
ing the past year,
And at all times ready during the day
aud ev niii k., dlevot, his ....
-- -- f.m-h.iTio tIhmn,
who may favor him with their patronage.
Sht ving and Hair Cutting
Executed with neatness and dis-


i outside Orders,
If not from too great a distance,

At the shortest notice.

In MR. T. H. PITT'S Buildings ,
Hamilton Bermuda.
.ptr., 26,188.L-t .


English and American Staple,
Fancy CGroceries,


Faney Bisctits,
Choice -Selections .of ,


N smoked Meats.

A Lot'tof Use ful Articles

Notions, &c., &c.
Next to the Melbourn louse.
Halfo, 8ptember 26, 1881. O,


F SA,..... .A ..
M.'A&V Chests Oolong TEA
.l_ -very cheap,
Cases Quarter Tins SARDINES,
Boxes Assorted PIPES--1 gross
Cases Card MATCHES, 10 gross
Assorted, JAMS. per 10 dozen or
Fronf Sreet, Hamilton.

and other tools haye to be looked.; up
when wanted, and this looking up some-
times consumes more time than would
be required by the job or. work. itself.
Oftentimes plows, harrows and cultiva-
tors, instead of being carefully housed,
are left out doors all winter. We have
even seen mowing machines and tender
left out aly ,winter in the field ,where
last, used. Have a. specified. place for
every tool and make your men return
them after use;to the proper spot, then
you could, lay your hand upon any tool
you wanted, even in the dark. Thiv
shiftlessness is not always confined.te
farmers, since we once called up"a a
minister in his study to obtain his hignr.
ture to a paper, when he had to call l~i*
wife to know the whereabouts of his
pen; in about ten minutes it was' found,
though it did not take more. than to
seconds to Write his name. Order is an
essential element of success in ana
business. -' .

It is the enemy whom .we do not
A suspect who i bthe most.dangerU .

Lj4 k=. 1. r t.. i or.S mL L Tn eLL II L .
habitants of Bermuda that owing tOr ,
to the Building of a
They are compelled to discontinue the I
supplying of ICE until the new Build- -
ing is completed, which will be on or 'fHITE PROPRIE IOR of tlis Estab-,
about the lislhment giarantues SATISFACTION iIn
I ji FI b ay 'Xt Geieral REPAIRS to l'tandAortes,
I t. .armoniiutmr s, P.rlor Ortivn, tCoicernin s,
When the supply will be continued Aceordeois, Flntinas, Fiddles, Flues, Cla,-
throughout the year. rioiet^, SEWING MACl1 \ES, Orgwin-
JU1HN B. STAll, ,re- IMTI, n- oitferor lmported.
P.u^" 1r ^ .--- Faniicy CABINET Work, Furnuure up-
"-. maz ^ 1881. I haml thr d.,LA
K,'rose>e.I A \iPSanld Brk((IkeiAs S
:', awd CHINA repaired.
S- .. IGONS and BANNERS Painted to
/'' .. t order.
No Bad Work-but sound Work,
". s Cii'h>iiliiies wll known.
W catches, Olocks, "" parts of the Island, by order.y
.Does not ,neition all Work here.


Clss in Geography, siaudnp.' How
many divisions of the Earth ar there?"
S" Seven."
"What are they?' .
"Europe, Asia, Africa, Ameriei, Long
Division, th division in' the' Democeratic
Party." ..
"Right. How many races -e there ?"
"Eleyventeen hundred." "''"
Nonsense.. Let's h 'ar you nnme.them,"
"White race. black race, Indian race,
hoss race, race after r .he gals, mule race,
wheelbarrow rave, human race, race after
debt, foot race, ill race"--- -
"Hold on 1 Guesss you are .right. but
we can't stay here (all day., Now the,
what are the principal eements?"
Air. water, and national det$."
"Is the national debt ona of ihe ele-
m e n 's, ? .. ...' '
"Yes, ,one of the elements of discord ."
"What is our globe divided into?".
"Land; water and b9i.zine.'
"How much of it is dr&v Iad ?"
l"Sdooni ke.pers can tell better than I
"What isa mountainn"
"You ain't annountain'-to much.*.
"You rascal, y.,u. will catch it for: tis."
'* feaght it last termn of Bill Jeakins
and hain. t, got over i yet." -

Farm and Honsehold.
To MEND CHIN4 -Take a very thick
solution of gum.arabic in water,, and stir
into it plaster of Paris until the mixture
becomes of a proper consistency. Ap-
ply it with a brush to the fractured
edges of the China, and stick them to-
gether. In three days the articles can-
not be broken in the; same place.: The
whiteness of the cement renders it
doubly valuable.
How TO GET RID 1 FPLIEA.-A clergy-
man, writing. from Ireland, says;
-" For three years I have lived in town,
and during- that time Amy sitting room
has been free from flies, three or, four
only walking about, my breakfast table,
while all my; neighbour's rooms were
crowded. I often congratulated anytself
on my escape, but never-knew the rea-
son of it until two days ago,. I then
had occasion to move my, goods. tb an-
other house, while I, remained. on for
two days longer. Among other things
moved were two boxes of geraniums and
calceolarias, which stood in my window,
the latter always being open to its full
extent top. and bottom. The 'boxes
were not gone half an hour before my
room was as full of flies as those around
me. This, to me, is a new discovery,
and perhaps it may serve to encourage
others in that which is always a source
of pleasure, and which now proves 'alis
to be a source of comfort, viz., window
BATHING.-The royal Humane Society
has issued the following excellent in-
structions for the guidance of bathers :
-" Avoid bathing within two hoursafter
a meal, or when exhausted by fatigue
'or from any other cause, or when t
body is cooling after prespiratin ; and
avoid bathing altogether in the open
air if, after having been a short tine, in
the water, there is a sense of chilliness,
with numbness of the hands and feet;
but bathe when the body is warm,-pro-
vided no time is lost in getting into the
water. Avoid chilling the body by sit-
ting or standing undressed on the banks
or in boats after having been in! the
water, or remaining too long: in the
water. 'Leave the water immediately
there is the slightest feeling ot ehilliness.
The vigorous and st wrong may bathe early
in the morning on an empty stomach,
but the young and those who are weak
had better bathe two or three hours
after a meal.; the best time for such is
from two or three hours after breakfast.
Those who are subject to attacks of gid-
diness or faintness, and those who suffer
from palpitation andopther sense of dis-
comfort at the heart, should not bathe
without first consulting their .medical
adviser.,' "
If more care was taken of fearing
tools a great deal of unnecessary expense
might be avoided. It is a wise saying.
" A place for everything, and everything
in its place." We know some good far-
mers who are so indifferent to the care
of tools that a large portion of the profits
they make upon the farm are lost by
the carelessness of keeping tools, or in
other. words their profits they make upon
the farm are lost by the carelessness of
keeping tools, or in other words their
profits might be such larger through ju-
dicious management in this respect.
On many a farm hoes, shovels, forks

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