Group Title: Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder.
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: D.M. Lee
Place of Publication: Hamilton Bermuda
Publication Date: -1920
Frequency: three times a week[jan. 1910-dec. 1920]
weekly[ former 1828-]
semiweekly[ former -dec. 1909]
three times a week
Subject: Newspapers -- Hamilton (Bermuda Islands)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Bermuda Islands   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bermuda Islands -- Hamilton
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1828?
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 93, no. 153 (Dec. 30, 1920).
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Jan. 22, 1828).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076588
Volume ID: VID00332
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 46887227
lccn - sn2003060500
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bermuda gazette (Hamilton, Bermuda Islands : 1821)
Succeeded by: Bermuda colonist
Succeeded by: Royal gazette and colonist daily

Full Text


l~o. 39 -V ol. L I s T A T E V A5 Z s p r A

IIJ~ilI~ ~ ~~ *'.~rmober17, 8 S7S


Master Builders.

EI NDIIRS will ,lie received Iy the Sub-
scriber until:

The 19th I, stant,
rom Persons desirums of Tendering for the
',dermentioned V\ORK to the DWEILING
OU1P F in Reid Street, next West of Mr.
RIER.'s Workshop, Viz.:
Low( ring and 1lenewi'g portions of Veran-
dah of Upper Floor.
Constructing N( w Vir ndah to First Floor.
Providing and fixing oors and Frames,
Window Frames and Si she's, &c., to Front
of House.
Providing and laying New Floor and Joists
to first Floor.
Building Wing to North rn Side of Premises'.
All further information can be obtained from
e Undersigned, who does not bind himself to
cept the lowest or Pny Tender.
eid Street, Sept 10th, 1878.


Of Ten Pounds,
Will be paid by the Undersigned to any
erson who will give such information as wii
;.d if th rtain Conviction of the Person or
e sons., r,- UNK his BOAT, while lying at
ie i ainilton Harbour, during the night'
F I4th It.Inant, and STOLE therefrom some
A 1 L A ST.

aptember 6th, 1878.-3

Just R received,
Two of those Celebrated Florence"

They save labour and fuel.
or Ple'at cost and chargess.
42 Front St.
september 9, 1878.

Flellmuth Ladies Collewge
Incorporated A. D. 1860,-
Pnder the supervision of HISHOP 1ELLMUTIH.

f sound Protestant and Evangelical
TERM begins September 18th.
CHARGES, $350 per nnnxum.
For Prospectus, &c., apply to
Principal 11. 1. C.,
32 South Streef, Halifax, N.S.
armuda, 12th A ugust, 1878.
See descriptive Circular at this Office.

'he Bermuda Ci-
gar Factory.

Mil E Undersigned having received, a lot of(
s commenced,

And will be pleased to Supply parties requir-
r same. Quality guaranteed and no Cabbage.
The Subscriber is willing to give Instructions
CIGAR MAKING to one or t\o Young
en who are desirous of n aJing themselves
cnerally useful at the busiunss. 'ierns made
own on application to
amilton, June 18th, 1878.

Eight Pence each.
flavor's 4' Carpenter's SPELL

At the Royal Gazette" Stationery Store.
amilton, July 30thi 1878.
I*(f/f'clioQH eia i ,"s *]
Can be obtained from the
of London,
he of the longest Established and Wealthiei,
Offices in Great Britain.
Through the BRANCH OFFICE in these
auds, a Saving is effected to the Insured
the Stamp h.dy, a very considerable item.
I!,UKS taken both on 1REAL and PERSONAL
iO',ERTY for 3, 6 or 12 month's,
No FEES and no CHARGE for Policies.
Ia>-Gllter, Seittmler 9th, 185F.


TO consist of HORSE RACING,
&c., to take place in a Field at the East End
of Southampton, on South Side, near Wartick

On the 26th inst.,
Under the following Regulations-viz. :
Entrance Fee for a Horse 10/; for a Donkey 5/.
The first Race to be a GALLOPING RACE
of One Mile heats, the best two out of three.
First Prize 4 0 0
Second Do. 2 0 0
Third Do. save Stake 0 10 0
The second to be a TROTTING RACE, of
Half Mile heats, best two out of three.
First Prize 2 0 0
Second Do. 1 0 0
Third Do. save Stake 0 10 0
'The third to be a DONKEY RACE of llalf
Viile heats, the best two out of three.
First Prize 1 0 0
Second Do. 0 10 0
Third Do. save Stake 0 5 0
N.B. -Last in to win First Prize.
Entrance for Foot Racing 2/. Prizes will be
decided by the Judges at their stand before
All entrances of Horses and Donkeys to he
made to the Secretary between the 18th and
21st instant.
The Course will be open for practice from the
Slth to the 21st instant, then to be closed until
day of R aces.
All applications for Stands to be made to the
Secretary on the premises. Price of Stands in
the Field 8/.
In all of theabove I aces it must be understood
th< re must be three competitors or no race. All
riders must appear in Jockey Dresses.
J. B. WILSON, J es
%\VM. H. ,IMV0'UN.'S, u es
R. SIMONS, } Committee.
.JOIHN N. B SCOM E, Clerk of Course.
G. B. FUBLE Secretary.
Southampton, Sept. 2nd, 1878.
N.B.-The first Race will start precisely at
12 o'clock.
A Band of Mu-ic will be on the Field.

Flails Village Boarding
flHlIS is a very beautiful place. Is situated
at the junction (f the roads at the Flatts,
and is known as Palmetto Grove." Is within
twenty minutes drive of Ilamilton, and quite
near the Walsingham Caves. It borders on the
beautiful sheet of water, HIarrington Sound, a
famous plheu for sea bathing.
The Proprietor has a Boat at hand for pleasure
excursions on the ;'ound and other waters. lie
will be pleased to accommodate Lady and Gentle-
men Boarders on very reasonable terms.
September 3, 1878.


United States MAail Steamers.

1It LIf P L,

~VA M iy

WYOMING sails August 27, at 4 p.m.
NEVADA sails Sept. 3, at 10 a m.
MONTANA sails Sept. 10, at 3 p.m.
WISCON IN sails Sept. 17, at 9 a.m.
WYOMING sails Oct. 1, at 9 a.m.
NEV aDA sails Oct. 8, at 3 p.m.
The above Steamers are built expressly 0fo.
the Trade, have five watertight bulkheads, and
carry experienced Offlicers, Surgeons and Stew -
ardesses. The Saloon Accommodations are un-
surpassed by any Atlantic S.teamrs, and the
State Rooms are on main deck opening into the
Saloon, thus securing that great conifort in
ocean travel, perfect ventilation and light.
Smoking Room, Bath Room and Piano on
each Steamer.
The U. S. Mail Steamer Canima" from Ber.
muda, Thursdays, generally arrives at New York
on Monday, and Passengers' baggage can be
transferred direct to the Liverpool St '..,cr sail-
ing next day.
29 Broadway, New York.
New York, August 15, 1878.

Pitcch Pine Luamber.

The Undersigned has Received
very Choice C PGO of

Ex Schr. Rockie E, Yates"
From Jacksonville, Florida,.
'Consisting' of the.u-ii.,1 assortment of
D.'-';S PLANK, Square edge-1 & 1i x i2,
SCANTiING of various sizes-
Ic n, TI R1,S LOW FOR CAS 1.

22nd July, 1878.


A Respectable Lady or GctI:tlenm.can Rent
a fine large Airy IEDRO)MK (furnished
or unfurnished) with access to Drawing foom.
Also, the use of the Fi n.',itur,:- in the Dhrawing
Room ; the use of Stove in Kilch.,-n, or, a se-
parate Kitchen and dining Ronom-w;th a private
Family in a pleasantly ,ituIted i)w*-iiiwr, about
twenty minutes walk on the Pitt's Bay ,1 oad.
For further Particulars apply at t' e Royal
Gazette," Office.
Hamilton, 30th July, 178.

facedd Postage talnps:

PE FRSONS having any of the POSTAGE
iB STAMPS as below d,..scihedl, will hear
of a Purchaser on application at the Bermuda
SRoyal Gazette" Office.
Issue of 1850-Circular-different colors,
different values.
2nd Issue'of 1850-Rectangular.
Issue of 1856-Oblong. p i- ,: 1
1853-led, Blue
ST. LUCIA-1859-Green and i 1a:
TizfNIDAD-for S1854-6-8-different colors bear-
ing "i .' !e.
Sr. DoMINGO Stamps for 1862-5, 1874.
ST. TuoMAs-Orange and Chocolate color

To all whom it may Concern.

T H E Undersigned intending to
Close Business, respectfully requests all
Persons who are Indebted to him to pay their
respective Amounts on or before the 31st of
May next. All unsettled Accounts after that
date, unless satisfactory arrangement be made
for the same, WILL, WITiiOUT FAIL, be
placed in leg'l hands for collection.
All Accounts against the Subscriber are re-
quested to be rendered not later than Ist of
June, for adjustment.
throughout the Season, at Market. prices.
Hamilton, 9th April, 1878.

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W ^'^e'''^j5~f^ PPA PQ
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48 5NZ




-- tern terminus of the Causeway now un-
dergoing certain REPAIRS and ALTERATI-
The Public is hereby notified that from and
after the 6th instant, and until further notice,
a portion of the Bridge will be taken up and
the Carriage way reduced in width to about
nine feet, or thereabouts.
Persons travelling on the Causeway Road
are again requested to drive slowly over this
1-1 TT T Tr T X r Tfl n -r.4

Colonial Surveyor.

Hamilton, 3rd August, 1878.

14 Queen Street, Hamilton,
Between the Stores of Messrs. F. A.

ait nt e r,

&e., &c.
July 15, 1878.-12 m.

f .. -

Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
n' 1ih and American Preserved

No.. 10 and, 12 Queen Stieet,
llaniltou, Bermuda.
N. B.-Ships' Stores Supplied at Lowest
February 18th,- 1878.-12 m

ite WORKS,

Argyle Street, opposite St. Paul's Church.
Grave MAR KS in polished Granite or Marble
Marble Mantel Register G(tA'TES, &c., &c.
Designs and Prices may be obtained from
WV. '1'. JA ,ES, Esqr., Front St., lia!milton.
Bermuda. (in

For Rent,
ro l-"' r -:1l" r
Three Tenements
Near the Government Stores, Hamilton.
Apply to
31Pf. Jl1. S HUA'T,
29th July, 1878.


Has Received a supply of

the folb

Put up by the well known Dentists Messrs. Q0 \
BIRItEL, Ludgate Hill, London.
SEDADENT, or Cure for Toothache
and Improving the Teeth
ROYAL DENTIFRICE, gives the Teeth a
pea-I-like whiteness
Stopping decayed Teeth
remain white and firm as the Tooth itself
Mouth Wash.
H amilton, March 26th, 1877.

From London.

Mathematical INSTRUMENTS
Ede's POLISi
GUM in bottles, with Top and Brush
Black, Blue and Red INK
\td usual Supply of ST''ATIONERY, by the
Fleetwing," at the Royal Gazette" Sta-
tionery Store.
lamilton, July 30Wh, 1878.

A M o -, .- BE,

Colonial S&ietary's Office,
\ 2ND SEPTEMBER, 1878.
THE following ACTS have been passed by
the Legislature of Bermuda during the
present Session, viz.:-
No. 11-An Act to continue the Vagrant Act,
12-An Act to confirm certain Ordinances of
the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council
of the Town of Hamilton.
13-An Act for the protection of Cedar Trees.
14-An Act to amend and' continue the Act
for the payment of Medical Witnesses.
15-An Act to continue and amend the Regis-
tration Acts.
By His Excellency's Command,
3 Colonial Secretary.

B '
w! N '


lb ~

J. & E. Atkinsons'

celebrated for nearly a century past, is of the very
best English manufacture. For its purity and great
excellence it has obtained the following
LONDON, 1862. PARIS, 1867. COBDOVA, 187-2.
LIMA, 1872. VIEKNA, 1873.

dtkinson's Choice Perfumes for
\1 white Rose, Frangiparne, Vlang Ylang, Stephano-
tis, Opopanax, Jockey Club, Ess. Bouiqet,
Trevol, Magnolia, Jasmin, Wood Vio-
And all other odours, of the finest quality only.
Celebrated Ean de Cologne
ii strongly recommended, being more lasting amr
fragrant than the German kinds.

celebrated for so many years, continues to be made
as heretofore. It is strongly Perfumed, and will be
found very durable in use.
and other specialties and general articles of Perfit.
mery may be obtained of all dealers throughout
World, and of the Manufacturers,
J. & 3. ATZIIN ON,
CAUTION.-Messrs. J. & E. ATKINSON manu.
facture their articles of one and the best quality
only. Purchasers are cautioned to avoid counter-
feits by observing that each article is labelled with
the Firm's Trade Mark, "a White Rose on a
Golden Lyre;" printed in seven colours.
April 11, 1876-12m If

W. 0. F. BASCOME,M l.D.,
F.A.A., D.S;,

TIheodore Outerbridge,

Reid Street, West of "Royal Gazette" Office.
Office flours-10 to 12 and |to 4.
Will Visit St. Georges, Tuesdays and Fri-
Orders Promptly Attended to.
Hamilton, October 2a6th, 1876.

-1 ,


.XTR.ACT from METiEO)))LO) ICAL '.'E -
VATIONS taken under the direction of the 1 : '.; !
Medical Officer, Prospect, Bermuda. Above the sea
151 feet.


Sep. 9


.9. o
2 '


Temperature previous
24 hour'.


0 <


133'l 66,

147-2 66-3
1rj-0 )15 ,- "
150-4 6-6 9
149-4 63-51

Total 1-36

Ham ilton,, September 17, 1878.

Septr. 16--Mail Steamer Canina, Liddicoat, New
York; Mails and assorted cargo.-Agents, Trott
& Cox.
September 10-Brigt. T. H. A. Pitt, Outerbridge, Liv-
erpool, N. S.
Sept. 14-German Brig Ubbina, Roggenburg, Mon-
treal; inward cargo.

Am. Barque Hornet, Hopkins, repairing.
E'ng. Barque Blaney Brothers, discharging.
Am,. Schr. Iris, Jones, repairing.
Am. Schr. George B. Douglas, Bryan. awaiting re-
In the Mail Steamer Canima yesterday from New
York .-Captain Pusey, R.E. and Mrs. Fusey, Capt.
T. St. Clair,. R.N., Mrs. Mark James and Miss E.
James, MrA, T. A. Darrell, Miss Loosemore, Captain
and Mrs. W. E. Meyer and child, Captains N. Vesey
and J. Bryan, Messrs. R. Bennett, T. J. Outerbridge
and R. S. GillesPie.-Second Cabin, Anne Cooper,
Sarah J. Meade, Wmin. Gault and B. Spearing.-Steer-
age, M. Hoffman, M. Silva, J. Vera, John Vera, J. A.
Lusher, J. Lavander.
The Schr. Rescue, Captain Anderson, out 14 days
from Trinidad bound to Halifax, N.S., in ballast, and
the Brigantine Randolph Peyton, Captain Jones, out
15 days from St. Vincent bound to Liverpool, N.S. in
ballast, were spoken off the East End of these Islands,
all well, on Tuesday last and desired to be reported.
A fine large Steamer, brig-iigged, passed the Is-
land from N. E. to S. W. on Saturday last, supposed
to be from the Mediterranean, bound to the United
States. We are informed by Mr. Perenchief, the
Keeper of the Lighthouse at Gibbs' Hill, that tho
Steamer was the Aurora, of Dundee.
The Rebecca and Sir G. F. Seymour were up at
London, the former to sail on 30th ult., the latter to
load in all the present month.

The Royal Mail Steamer Beta is not expected to ar-
rive from St. Thomas until to-morrow, as she will in
all probability be detained there two days for the
Steamer from Colon.
The, latest English Mail received by the Canima
is let instant.

For the Bermuda Royal Gazette.
ST. GEORGE's, September 13, 1878.
DEAR MR. EDITO.R,-We, whom you aristocrats of
the West End term the benighted inhabitants of St.
George's, have had lately a great treat, and are so
proud of ourselves that we do not at all see why we
should hide our light under a bushel, and consequently
hasten to follow the good example of our friends living
in your select neighbourhood in trumpeting our
fame, through the medium of the deservedly popular
Bermuda Royal Gazette. You.will say, What can the
St. Georgians have been doing ? Well, Sir, the non-
commissioned officers and men of the 19th (P. W. 0.)
Regiment have been giving their first dramatic per-
formance in Bermuda, and with such success that on
six nights we, who are a much more critical and discri-
minating audience than the Hamiltonians, (put this in
brackets and underline the word Hamiltonians) filled
the theatre and enjoyed ourselves immensely. The
performance, which was for the benefit of one of the
ergeant's Widows, commenced with the very appropri-
ate Drama, The last Kiss, or the Soldier's Grave,"
and concluded with the Laughable Farce A Race for
a Widow." Mrs. Hewlett took the part of Pauline and
although a debutante did justice to it. At first, her
enunciation was not quite as distinct, as it ought to
have been, and like most amateurs she spoke a little too
fast, but she looked the character and in the prison
scene and that by the Soldier's grave acted with much
pathos. We have been informed that the part of Mrs.
Nosebag was taken by 'one of the 'sterner sex but we can
scarcely believe it; in fact the only foundation we can
find for such an assertion, was the wonderful precision
with which the aforesaid Mrs. Nosebag hurled loaves of
bread at her unfortunate husband's head. The part of
Duchesne was taken and well taken by Ser.t. Moss and
Sergt.-Major Hedingham made an excellent English
Officer. How could he have done otherwise, when he
had such opportunities for studying the character in the
gallant 19th. Corpl. Doyle made. an admirable Irish-
man, the hypercritical say he was occasionally a little
too effervescing but we Irish never have been and
never will be a very still-people. Nature intended Cpl.
Dillon for a waiter or hair-dresser. I do not know in
hliich capacity to admire him most, he has evidently
mistaken his profession. Sergt. Cheeney looked his
part to perfection and in some wonderful way succeeded
in evokinig plaintive sounds from a Hurdy-Gurdy.
The minor characters were also well filled. The Farce
was excellent-all did w I1I and even the parts Spring-
wheat and Fillagree were perfection, Sergt. Hewlett
being a regular Lord Dundreary., Ihave been in the
habit of attending Soldiers Theatricals for the last 16
years butt I have never seen any to surpass those I have
now attempted to criticise. The scenery and dresses were
good. The grouping and tableaux admirable, there was
no ranting and the letter 11. was heated with an
amount of consideration and respect which it does not
always receive on such occasions.' I hope the 19th will
aoon give another performance and that if they do, the
Barmillonians will come and judge for themselves how
imuchli dramatic talent we possess in the Princess of
Wale's Own His Excellency the Governor was pre-
pent at the performance on Thursday night and appear-
ed to appreciate it.

NEW YORx, 5th September, 1878.
To the Editor Bermuda Royal Gazette, Hamilton,
SDEAR SIR,-The Sample Copies of this Paper,
dated the 27th July and 3rd v.' last, having
been circulated in this City, und through the United
States, have procured the material support I an-
ticipated, therefore, my publication will reissue on
a permanent basis from the 14th instant, and will
be regularly forwarded you in return for the ex-
change so kindly sent me.
I remain, Dear Sir,
," Yours very sincerely,

Two juveniles (colored) were last week brought
before the Worshipful Morris A. M. Frith, Police
Magisti ate, and the Worshipful Alexander J. Frith,
for robbing a store, and sentenced to be whipped.

the Sirius and Argus slowly following. They pro-
ceeded very slowly until they reached Brenton's
Reef, this being out of courtesy to the hundreds of
spectators, the majority of whom were ladies, who
had secured every sailboat in the place, and every
available seat on the excursion steamers, for the
purpose of accompanying the fleet a short dhtance
and of seeing the grand spectacle of their departure.
The water was literally covered with sailing craft.
The air resounded with cheers, and hundreds of
snow white handkerchiefs were thrown to the breeze
the compliment being duly honored by the gentle-
men on board of the departing ships. As the Bel-
lerophon passed Government Island a salute of
fifteen guns was fired from the Torpedo station,
which was promptly acknowledged. The com-
mandant of the station, Captain Breese, made an
official farewell visit to each of the vessels plior to
their departure. Admiral Jones, naval attache of
the British Legation, accompanied the vessels for a
long distance in one of Herreshoff's lightning boats.

The receipts on account of revenue from the 1st
April, 1878, when there was a balance of 6,243,389
to August 17 were 27,950,837, against 28,489,864
in the corresponding period of the preceding financial
year, which began with a balance of 5,988,650.
The net expenditure was 33,773,496, against 32,-
039,926 to the same date in the previous year. The
Treasury balances on August 17 amounted to 1,-
230,452 and at the same date in 1877 to 1,550,332.
-London Standard.
The cause of the outbreak of Diphtheria in Horn-
sey has been inquired into by an inspector of the
Local Government Board, and a report from that
gentleman was laid before the Local Board of Horn-
sey last evening. The report was, after some dis-
cussion, ordered to be printed and circulated and the
further 'consideration on the subject was deferred
until September 16.
The Ftuians, Melony and Condon, are to be lib-
erated, but they must reside outside the British

Pv'"rnl q v.i',i 's iro ( opened up by the discussion of
the necessity for a Church Synod for Bermuda. The
first is a trite one. It is whether every sort of subject
oughtor ought not to be argued in a newspaper. Is it
true that there is any subject unsuited to newspaper
columns" ? We are proud to say that the Press of the
present generation is a Christian press-that there is
no newspaper having a wide circulation amongst the
most educated arid intelligent part of the community, in
whose columns the deepest questions, whether of religion
or of science, cannot be suitably discussed and such dis-
cussion will be listened to with the attention and de-
ference which it deserves by the mass of the people, and
moreover it will carry its proper weight. It is a Chris-
tian Press, and as such, no old truth can be neglected
by it. One of its missions is to recall people to the old
truths when they are allowing them to slip away, and
so it comes to pass that we have never felt prouder of
our motto State super vias antiques" than we do at
present. We feel that we have been vindicating the
Catholicity of our Church against the modern narrow-
ness which has taken hold of the minds of many, that
we have been asserting an actual organic connexion
between our Church and the Church of the rest of the
world-not a thin which we ourselves have produced.
but a thing which exists, and which we are sure is the
only foundation of strength and safety, we do not only
say but we feel that we believe in the Holy Catholic
Church, that that Church far from being a Step Mother,
is the Heavenly Jerusalem which is the mother of us all
and we glory in our organic connexion with the body of
Christ throughout the world. There is therefore no
transfer of ecclesiastical allegiance by allowing the
blood to flow from limb to limb but there is a return to
that which is expressed in those old words known to
every schoolboy "mens sana, in corpore sano." Ar-
other point suggested by this controversy is that pro-
testing requires argument to back it, or it is useless.
Whoever has read Fox's book of martyrs will remem-
ber that the old Protestants, men who deserved that
glorious name, were able to give their reasons, and to
place argument against argument to show that they had
cause for protesting, and they clinched their arguments
.with what we may call the ultimate Christian argument,
giving up life ratherithan truth. They entered into re-
ligious controversy, and their arguments formed the
strength and power of their protests. We are bold
enough to declare that a revolutionary change must
come over the opinions of Churchmen in Bermuda, if
they wish to restore their church to its full strength-
facts are stubborn things-they cannot get men to serve
their churches, and to attend to the spiritual needs of their
increasing population, The reason is there are none to
be obtained from England, for all the world has cried
out to England come over and help us," and Eng-
land's sons have gone to every corner of the world to do
their glorious work. But shall we refuse the corn
which our brother has by the providence of GOD stored
up, because it has grown in a land where our tents are
not pitched P Rather let us take double money in our
sacks, and thank GOD for the provision. Those are
disloyal to their Church who hedge it round with politi-
cal and social limits, who cannot grasp the idea of its
independence of all territory and all time, who forget
that if every material church building in the world were
cast down one stone from another, the Church would
still exist as long as one faithful man preached that
"there is one Body and one Spirit-one hope of our
calling, one Lord, one faith, one baptism." The hu-
man material is what we require, if the demand can be
supplied by England, so much the better for us, we
naturally turn to our beautiful land, where almost every
view upon which the eye can dwell, has for its chief and
central feature a strongly built, carefully tended and
well served Church of Christ, but if the supply cannot
be met from there, then let us thankfully go to those
other parts of the world, from which the desired provi-
sion can be obtained.

FEVER.- The Progress of this Terrific Disease.
NEw ORLEANS, Sept. 11.-The number of new
cases in the previous 21 hours, as reported by the
Board of Health, was 623. A decrease of 31 from
previous day. There were 90 deaths up to same
hour, an increase of 10 since previous day.
At Baton Rouge-Total number of cases 295,
VIOKSBURG, Miss., Sept. II.-Four of the Phy-
sicians have died since my last report. Fever on
the decrease for merely want of material.
CANTON, Mass. Sept. 11.-Pestilence and death
are still holding high carnival here, encouraged
by a cold north wind, occasional rain and cloudy
GRENADA, Sept. 11.-The disease moderating-
only 4 deaths-5 new cases.
HoLLY SPRINGS, Mass. Sept. 11.-18 deaths, 12
new cases.
MEMPHIS, Sept. 11.-104 deaths, 277 new cases.
Requsitions have been sent north for 1000 coffins.
The Board of Health here reports we have 3,500
sick to provide for and 10,000 persons to feed.
NASHVILLE, Tenn. Sept. 11.-Eleven new cases.
Our best and bravest are dying. We are quaran-
tined from the face of the earth.
MAsoN, Tenn. Sept. 11.-Almost depopulated.
HICKMAN, Tenn. Sept. 11.-Ten new cases,
among them are the Mayor and Dr Blanton, the
leading Physician of the Town. Two deaths, 6
more expected.
GALLIPOLIS, Ohio, Sept. 11.-The yellow fever
has been brought here by the tug-boat "John
Porter" and is spreading rapidly.

Departure of the British Men-of- War from Newport
Harbor-A grand Farewell.
NEWPORT, R. I., Sept. 10.-Her Britannic Ma-
jesty's men-of-war Bellerophon, Sirius and Argus
are now pursuing their voyage to Halifax. All was
hurry and bustle on board of these noble vessels
from early in the morning until the moment that
the huge achors were weighed. The flag ship led,

trial quadrille," and he was instrumental in arrang-
ing all the preliminaries, sending this or that officer
to form a set here and another there. In the first
quadrille the Admiral danced with Mrs. Admiral Jones,
the English Minister with Miss Carroll, a lovely young
miss, the daughter of Governor Carroll, of Maryland,
and the French Minister with Miss Russell, daughter
of Mr. Charles H. Russell of New York. The quad-
rille had not been in progress more than two minutes
when the Admiral rushed down the deck to the band
and insisted that quicker time be made. A delightful
view was obtained of the "gay and festive" scene from
the break of the poop deck, which was soon invaded
by a large number of ladies and gentlemen, who
sought this elevation, not so much to be seen as to
watch the dancers. A number of the ladies were not
backward to accept invitations to walk along the
bridge and also along the side of the ship. Strains of
low, sweet music, coupled with the shrill whistle of
the boatswain, announced the arrival of additional
guests, who swept underneath the canopy of flags, and
the fragrance from' choice flowers rose like incense
offered to the shrine of beauty. The flash of dia-
monds alongside of handsome uniforms, and the many
beautiful ladies, who seemed to be proud of the atten-
tion shown them by their American cousins, made a
picture in [connection with the brilliant surroundings
which it would be impossible to describe. The Eng-
ish officers smiled as though they had never heard of
war and guns, and the younger portion of them ap-
peared as if they would be glad never to hear of them
again so devoted were they to the entertainment-of
the beautiful ladies whomt they had The pleasure of
meeting while in American waters. Of course the
majority of the ladies danced with those wearing uni-
forms, while those who wore the suit for dress occasions
had to exercise their wits somewhat intently in order
to get their names on some lady's programme who
wa. not "engaged."
Good Night and Ashore.-The guests after enjoy-
ing the entertainments were quickly taken ashore, but
not until they had been individually honored with a
hearty "Good nigth" by the Admiral, the band in
the meantime appropriately playing Auld Lang

Admiral Inglefield's Entertainment at Newport Yes-
terday.-Beauty and Fashion on Board the Man.
of- War.
By Tc/eieraph to the Herald.
NEWPORT, R. I., Septr. 7, 1878.-The grand re-
ception given on board of the Flagship Bellerophon,
this afternoon, by Admiral Inglefield and Captain
St. George D'Arcy Irvine to their friends in Newport,
was a complete success, and the officers were rewarded
for the pains they had taken in decorating the huge
ri.n-.o-war, really converting it into an elaborate
ballroom, with all the paraphernalia of naval warfare
in sight. The weathEr was very threatening until this
afternoon, when the sombre clouds slowly dispersed
and the glorious sunlight was seen for the first time
in three days. It was the intention of the Admiral to
have the ball rait or shine" and to carry out his
programme in case the elements were contrary to the
desires of many of his friends. He had caused seve-
ral additional suits of sails to be arranged above the
decorations, so that in case it rained, even as persist-
ently as it did on Thursday, when the entertainment
was postponed, it would be a long time before the
merry dancers would be annoyed by it, The ship's
launches and gigsewere brought into use about two
o'clock this afternoon ; and with the addition of a tug
chartered for the occasion the visitors were conveyed
from Commercial and Ferry wharves to the ship, the
first instalment.arriving at about three o'clock. They
were met at the entrance by the Admiral and Staff,
Captain Irvine and other officers of the ship and cor-
dially welcomed to the entertainment that had been
provided in recognition of the numerous courtesies
extended by the summer residents, who, were well
Among the guests were Sir Edward Thornton, the
English Minister ; Mr. Outrey, the French Minister ;
Rear Admiral Jones, Mr. French and Mr. Drummond
of the English Legation; Mrs. Admiral Jones, Gen.
A. E. Burnside, General R. B. Potter.
The Decorations.-The morning rose dark and
lowering, yet there was great activity on board of the
Bellerophon. The flags and festoons which had made
the main deck of the ship a bower of beauty on Thurs-
day afternoon before the rain came and spoiled it all
were brought out again at the officers' direction, and
the blue jacks sprang to work with a will. The part
of the ship extending front the funnel to the stern was
arrayed for the salon. On the port side, extending
from the funnel to the rail, was extended the Mexican
ensign, marked by the eaule, holding a serpent in its
talons, occupying a similar position. On the starboard
side of the unnel was the naval flag of Brazil, while
the funnel itself was draped with the ensign of Rus-
sia. These three ensigns -those of Mexico, Russia,
and Brazil-formed a curtain cutting off the forward
part of the ship. Aft f this curtain the deck was
roofed and bounded by flags and ensi ns, joined to-
gether so as to blend the colors in delilghtfui harmony.
Taking them in order the ensigns were arranged on
the port sides as follows:--First was the English
Union Jack, so dear to the heart of every British sea-
man. Next came the once proud flag of Spain, and
then the ensign which marks beautiful Italy. England
again appEar,.'l in the representative flag of the mer-
chant service; next the Mexican ensign, the eagle
standing out with startling distinctness upon its white
ground ; and then thei flag of HIayti. Poitugal came
next, with its ensign, blue, white and red, and then,
in sharp contrast, appeared the flag of Norway. Next
came the ensign of Russia, and then, last of all, the
flag of Holland and the Netherlands. Coming for-
ward again on the starboard side we pass under, first,
the ensign of Sweden ; next, that of Portugal, and
then the tri-color of France. Side by side with the
tricolor lies the proud flag of Germany and then ap-
pear the ensigns of Russia and Brazil. Venezuela is
the next in line and then follows the flag of the French
merchant service. Nt xt the furtherest forward, or on
the opposite. side ifrtherest aft, is the flag of Holland
and the Nthelrlands. Around the mainmast is the
royal standard with three lions rampant, of England,
and the harp of Old Erin and the single lion of Scot-
land. Along the sides of the ship were arranged in
graceful festoons the signal flags of the fleet. The
bridge was gay with boat flags, and in the centre ap.
peared the Prince of Wales' feather, with its motto
"Ich dien," beneath. The ensigns of England and
America stood side by side in noble equality at the
bridge, while at the entrances the great ensigns of
England and America, one upon the starboard side
and one upon the port, greet visitors as they enter.
The railing around the break of the poop deck was
also hung with flags, while the mizenmast was draped
with the Union Jack. In convenient nooks upon the
poop deck and on the deck below coils of rope were
covered with hammocks and the hammocks with flags
to form seats for the spectators. The floor was dried
and waxed, and looked in perfect keeping with the
shining guns and the polished metal everywhere
around. The Admiral's cabins were opened for the
reception of special guests. The table in the dining
cabin was brilliant with cut glass. It was set with
rare ware and magnificent fruits and flowers On the
half deck was a long table spread with luxuries and
delicacies for all who choose to partake. There were
beautiful boquets upon the capstan and near the bin-
nacle, aiding by their beauty to give the crown of per-
fection to the beautiful scene. Signal flags attached
to boarding pikes were placed at intervals ; along the
rail small American flags were placed in every vacant
place, and it was evident that the officers had taken
great pains to have the American colors as prominent
as possible.
The First Quadrille.-Soon after the first boat load
of passengers was landed the Admiral was noticed as
being busily engaged in making up the sets, and
turning to Sir Edward Thornton and M. Outrey he
said. Now ladies and gentlemen, let's have a Minis-

LONDON, Sept. 12.-England is now 'passing
through an era of accidents of the most dreadful
nature. The excitement and anguish caused by the
sinking of the excursion boats Princess Alice on
the Thames has not subsided to any appreciable
degree when close upon it comes, to-night, the news
of a terrible colliery accident in Wales To the
horrors of this new calamity England will awake
in a few hours. The disaster occurred yesterday
afternoon at Ebbw Vale colliery, Abercorn, near*
Newport, in Monmouthshire. There were 871 men
in the pit when the explosion of coal gas occurred,
and at the latest accounts, dated nine o'clock last
evening, only ninety minors had been rescued. It
is feared there are no other survivors.
Still Burning Fiercely. -The pit is still on fire and
the burning gas occasionally bursts out from the
mouth of the ventilating shaft. Search parties have
been able to penetrate only a few yards into the
main entrance to the mine, where they encountered
eighteen dead horses in the stables. Beyond this
point the fallen timbers and the blazing woodwork
and coal gas effectually bar the way.
Scenes of Sorrow.-This disaster is the most ter-
rible that has ever occurred in Wales. The scenes
at the mouth of the pit are indescribable. Frantic
women who have relatives in the mines are kneeling
about the shaftway calling hysterically for the men
who are known to have gone into the mine, but
who answer not to their names. The last nine men
rescued from the pit at about eight o'clock were
badly burned, some of them, indeed terribly dis-
figured. The dead body of a boy, cne of the dri-
vers, has been recovered. There is hardly any
hope entertained that more of the miners are yet
alive, although it is asserted that there is a distant
part of the pit in which refuge may have been found
from the flames. The poisonous gases, however,
would soon penetrate even to the most distant
place of refuge and render breathing impossible.
No more Hope.-According to the latest advices
the pit is still burning, and the managers are dis-
cussing the propriety of flooding it, as it seems
certain all the men are either burned to death or
suffocated. The flooding will probably be briefly
delayed until the last hope that any are alive is
extinguished. The number of the dead is estimated
at two hundred and eighty. Two of the rescued
have since died from their burns. Others are in a
precarious condition. There is not the slightest
hope of rescuing any more alive, as the workings
are very intricate and extend over three miles. So
far only about seven corpses have been recovered.
The explosion occurred soon after noon. Those on
the bank knew it by a rumbling noise and the
ascent of a dense volume of smoke. All the people
in the district rushed to the pit mouth in conster-

NOBILING'S DEATH.-The death in prison of the
second of the men who recently attempted to mur-
der the German Emperor saves his head from the
official axe and is the murderer's own success, in
so far as be has died at last from the wound he
had himself inflicted. Nobiling,it will be remem-
bered, succeeded in depositing two balls in his
own head before the police broke down the doors
of the room in which he was taken; and as he is
now reported to have died from paralysis of the
lungs it is to be supposed that the brain was so
much injured at that time that it has at last proved
unable to supply the nerve force that carries on the
process of respiration,

Bosnians Prepared to Resist.-The town of Berl
is now a strongly entrenched camp, into wb
armed Bosnians from the surrounding districts
constantly marching, resolved on a desperate
Fortifying in all Directions.-Advices from B
grade state that the Bosnians have fortified
banks of the river, Save, and fire upon Austr
steamers, even when they are convoyed by g
Turkey and Crete.-Ahmed Moukhtar Pacha
invited the Cretan Assembly to send represent
tives to Constantinople to negotiate with the Por
, The cretans have accepted the invitation.
Advice from France.-M. Fournier, representat
of France at Constantinople, has strongly couns
led Saivet Pacha Grand Vizier to follow the reco
mendations of the Berlin Congress concern
The Powers will not Act.-The Berlin corresp
dent of the News understands that it is improba
that the other governments will take any steps
favor of Greece without 'the co-operation wh
England seems indisposed to give.
France fully Satisfied.-IPhe Standard's Paris c
respondent hears that Italy has fully satisfy
France that the rumors that she desires to an
any part of the African coast are unfounded.
Switzerland growing Joderate.-A Geneva d
patch to the Times says the Bernese govern
has decided to propose to the Grand Counoil
Switzerland that amnesty be granted to nine
three Catholic priests who were deprived of th
livings in 1873 for refusal to comply with the
quirements of the state.
Cardinal Ledochowski.-A despatch to the Ti
from Rome says Cardinal Ledochowski, Ar
bishishop of Posen, has received another summ
to appear before the German Ecclesiastical court
Vesuvius Threatening Eruption.-Mount Vesavi
is showing signs of volcanic agitation, and an ov
flow of lava is considered probable on the si
toward the Observatory.
Greece is threatening to do, something again
the way of bluster. Despatches from Athens st
that all soldiers on furlough, numbering o
twenty-five hundred, are ordered to rejoin their
giments immediately. The Greek Government a
ounces that the measure is merely precautionary
but semi-official journals say it is necessitated
important reasons. A Vienna despatch to the Te
graph says the Austrians lost twenty officers n
six hundred to seven hundred men killed a
wounded at Bibaco.
Germany's Regrets.-The regret of the Berlin pe
ple appears to be that Nobiling made no co
fession relative to his accomplices. France is ke:
carefully informed by the Paris press regard in
influences which the Vatican is bringing to bear
Germany. The Paris Temps says an agreement
to a modus vivendi has been arrived at between G
many and the Vatican, and it will be shortly a
nounced in a letter from the Crown Prince Frederi
William to the Pope.
The Dutch lndies.-The East Indian budget p
sented to the Dutch government shows a deficit
10,000,000 florins ($, t00,000) whereof the sum
9,000,000 florins ($4.500,000) was expended in m
Acheenese War. The budget estimates the Lof
crop at $S00,000 piculs, and the saleable price
forty-eight cents (Dutch) per half kilogramme,


TERRIFIC LOSS OF HUMAN LIFE. Latest from the United States a

FUL DETAILS. The Mail Steamer Canima," Captain Liddi
LONDON, Septr. 4. The excursion steamer -from New York, which port she left at 8 pm
Princess Alice, which was run into and sunk with the 12th instant, arrived at her wharf in this TT
such frightful results last evening while on her return about noon yesterday. We understand that
from Gravesend to London, by the screw collier Canima" has had a stormy passage, strong g
Bywell Castle, was one of the largest saloon steamers from the Southward.
of the London Steamboat Company. She left Lon- We are indebted to Captain Liddicoat, Mr.
don at about 11 o'clock yesterday morning for ser Gale, 1st Officer Mr. Mitchell, 2nd Officer
Gravesend and Sheerness, many excursionists being Astwood, and Mr. Maloney, Steward, for files
induced by the fine weather to go for a holiday trip. papers of the latest dates.
The vessel left Gravesend on her return journey Gold in New York on the 12th, 100-.
soon after 6 o'clock in the evening and arrived Shares Delaware and Hudson Canal 49 2-3rd
within sight of the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich -
at about 8 o'clock. The Bywell Castle was then LONDON, Sept. 12.-The Albanian Desperadoe
approaching on the opposite course. The two There is little absolutely new from the East. F
steamers were near the middle of the stream just off their details of the circumstances attending
the City of London Gas Works at Beckton, and massacre in cold blood of Mehemet Ali in Alba
below the North Woolwich Gardens-almost the continue to reach London by way of Constanti
precise spot where the fatal collision occurred ple. It appears now that at Gusinje, Plava
between the Metis and Wentworth ten years ago. Kolasin even before the arrival of Mehemet
What happened is impossible accurately to detail. complete anarchy had gained the upper hand,
All that is known, amid the maddening excitement, upon his arrival in Yakova he found the great
is that the screw steamer struck the Princess Alice, excitement prevailing among the inhabitants.
on the poyt side near the fore sponson. A scene was violently upbraided with having come to
which has had no parallel on the river ensued. A bania to hand over the land to the Servians.
few-very few-persone clambered on the other agitation went on increasing, finding vent espec
vessel, but nearly all rushed to the after part of the ly in vehement abuse of Abdullab Pacha, Mehe
Princess Alice. As the bow subsided gradually Ali's adjutant. The house selected by Mehe
under the water the shrieks were fearful, and All for his lodging was set on fire by Albanian
nothing could be done to save life. There were a Yokova and Ipek. Then a fight began between
dozen or more life-buoys on board and some'boats incendiaries and Mehemet Ali's escort, in wl
were swinging in the davits, but even if they could twenty men of the latter fell. Toward even
have been got at they would have been of little I through the intervention of some Ulemas, the c
service under the circumstances. Within five flict was appeased, the insurgents promising to
minutes the Princess Alice heeled completely over serve a peaceful attitude.
and went down in deep water. Some small boats Dead in a Shed.-A bout six o'clock in the e
hastened to the scene and the Duke of Teck, ing, however, in Yakova, where Mehemet Ali
another steamer belonging to the same company, remained, the struggle broke out afresh, resul
which was also on the passage up the river with a in the death of Abdullab Pacha with several offi
party of excursionists, went to the rescue, but the of the escort, and the house in which they took
river for a hundred yards was full of drowning peo- fuge was fired. Mehemet Ali succeeded in es.
pIe, screaming in anguish and praying for help, and ing from the burning building and in concea
as it was growing dark then not much could be himself in a shed close by, but his hiding place
done. It is believed that not more than one hundred soon discovered and be was mercilessly put to e
and fifty persons escaped out of the eight hundred The Albanian League is said to number 45,
aboard the vessel. well armed and equipped men, determined to r
A large proportion of her passengers were on the the occupation of their territory by any Chris
upper or saloon deck and must have seen beforehand Power. It is thought possible at Vienna that
their impending doom, but those in the stern of the anarchy in Albania may compel Austria to occ
steamer had nO warning, anarchy in Albania may compel Austria to oce
Beyond the fact that the tide wa aout two t province also. This:they will find'even a m
Beyond t a ide was about tw serious task than reducing-theepoor Bosni
hours ebb, which would enable the' Princess Alice to serviaous line of con duct is watched with much uBosni
ease and stop sooner than the screw steamer, which, Seria s lie of conrduc is watched with much c
would be borne on the tide, it is impossible to osity. A telegram rom Semlin states that Ru
discover any of the circumstances immediately has advised ervia not to disaror, and has pro
preceding the collision. Before the boats came into ed to continue her subsidies to Servia. In Vie
collision there were cries from one to the other to there is much talk of Servia and Montenegro
keep out of the way, but, as usual in such cases, the operating with Austria, but that is evidently m
accident was probably due to misunderstanding, idle gossip, for so long as Russian influences ma
the one misinterpreting the intention of the other. tain the supremacy in these two States there is
All the rules of sailing were cast to the winds in the real hopes of an alliance with Russia's enemy.
moment of peril, each taking the wrong course tol The Campaign in Bosnia.-Thee a'fie 86,000
avoid each other's blunder, under arms, with forty cannons, in ofd Bos
The cause of the disaster is believed to be that They have an advance guard, 6,000 strong, Ietw
both vessels were rounding the sharp bend in the Gracanica and Han Karenovac. They have
river caused by the projection of a point of land fled Belina, Zwornik, Tuzla and Tolny. After
whereon the powder magazine of the Woolwich defeat of the Austrians at Bihacs the insurge
Arsenal is situated. In order to turn this point the invaded Austrian territory at Leskovatz, but w,
Princess Alice had crossed over to the right bank of driven back. The Turkish troops and Albani
the river and was thus out of her proper course. Her in the neighborhood of Mitrovitza and Nova Ba
lights were probably obscured by the shadow of the are rapidly sending reinforcements, which are s
powder magazine, and being much smaller and lower to include a large force of artillery to oper
than the Bywell Castle the latter was upon her against General Szapary.
before the danger was perceived. iLONDON, Sept. ll.-The Mayor of Manches
Over Six Hundred.-To-night, September 11, 628 has received telegram from the MayoBritish Consul
bodies had been recovered from the Princess Alice New Orleans asking help for the yellow fever nsul
and from the river. Cannon were fired over the erers. The Mayor publihes an annouw ncer
Thames at Woolwich, yesterday afternoon, to bring erers. The Mayor publishes an announcem
up corpses. Several bodies were recovered in that that be will be glad to co-operate with anymercha
up corpses. Several bodies were recovered in that or other citizens desirQus of taking steps for the
way. From the above it will be seen that England ief of the sufferers, and that he will remit tor the
has her griefs and burdens of woe to carry as well Orleans any funds thus subscribed.
as the United States. Orleans any fund thus subscribed.
A Plucky Turkish Offlicer.,-A Vienna despa
says that Bihaes is defended by Turkish regu
DREADFUL COLLIERY ACCIDENT IN troops. The commandant declares that he has
WALES. ceived no orders from the Porte to surrender
Of 871 Men in the Pit at the Time 96 Only had Been place and that he will defend it to the last ext
Rescued. mity.


_________________________________________________________________________________________________ *- ~ ~ -

A letter from the special correspondent of the Re-
ivblique Francaise at Constantinople says that-
Eastern Roumelia is once more the focus of vast
intrigues having for their avowed object to bring
about the accomplishment of the work sketched out
by General Ignatieff, and to rd-form, even by force
should it be necessary, that Bulgaria which the
Treaty of Berlin cut in two. A Committee has
been formed in Philippopolis, and sub-committees
have been established in all the towns of any im-
portance to the south of the Balkans, whose pro-
gramme is no mystery; it is traced at full length in
a document by no means confidential-a document
which has been communicated to all the chiefs of the
Pauslavouic associations, to the Court of Russia, to
the Embassy at Constantinople, &e: According to
this document, the immense majority'. of the inhab.
itants of the old district of Adrianople are Bulgari-
ans ; and the decision which places them once more
under the dominion of the Sultan injures them in
their rights, wounds them in their dignity, and causes
them to apprehend more catastrophes. Should Eu-
rope refuse to take their case into consideration,
events will certainly happen which will once more
trouble the tranquillity of the East." The corres-
pondent of the Repubique Francaise says that this
language isall themore worthy of remark in that it has
been openly made use of with the consent and pro-
bably at the instigation of the Imperial High Com-
missioner-General, the Prince Dondoukoff-Korsak-
off. He adds that there is nothing astonishing in
certain Muscovite officials cherishing the idea of
troubles breaking out in Rounmelia; for the Russians
would then be able to convert a temporary into a
Pe manent occupation. The Bulgarian agitation in
bM race, the aid in the shape of men and money fur-
nished to the Bosnians by the Slavonic principalities
and the way in which Greece is being flattered-
these are matters which antho: Ize to one suspect that
the Cabinet of St. Petersburg has not renounced the
idea of extending Bulgaria beyond the limits assign-
ed by the Treaty of Berlin." Alluding to the Con-
sular Committee, the writer says that Mr. Fawcett
wished the committee to pro ecute those guilty of
Crimes, &c., but this propositi )n was so strongly op-
posed by the Russian and Ge: man delegates that it
had to be abandoned. The majority, however,"
he adds, "were favourable to bringing to light the
atrocities committed on the Mussulmans. As it is
difficult to stop short in an inquiry, the depositions
received ended in forming, not only to the charge of
the Bulgarians, but also of the Russian army, a case
so serious that M. Basily, the Russian delegate,
Sound himself suddenly so ill at ease that he return-
ed to Constantinople for his health. The delicate
task of saving the honour of the soldiers of the Czar
was therefore confided to the dragoman of the Rus-
sian Embassy and to the German Consul, both of
whom question the value of evidence, browbeat wit-
nesses, and refuse to sign the proceedings when
some gross abomination is brought to light capable
of being turned to account by the detractors of Rus-
sian humanity and Russian morality."-Pall Mall
Gazette, August 21.
ROME, Sept. 9.-A royal, decree has been issued
ordering ships arriving at Italian ports from any
aof the United States to be placed in quarantine.
(,ONi.ON, Sept. 10.-The War Office publishes a
te reporting a sudden increase of fever in
Cyprus; 307 men are in hospital out of a force of
rmiral E. G. Fanshawe presided, was commenced
onboard the "Duke of Wellington," Flagship, at
Portsmouth on the 27th ultimo, and adjourned after
setting for four days.
SBIRTH, September 13th, at Prospect, the WIFE of
,Surgeon-.Major J, S. McCutchan, M.B., A.M.D., of a
oTir 4 .
DIED. at Hamilton, Bermuda, September 10th,
1878, MR. BENJAMIN SOUTHWORTH, a native of Kent,
SEngland, in his 53rd year.

-a A Supplement of three Col-
umns accompanies this issue of the
Royal Gazette." It contains the Pro-
ceedings of the Honorable the Legislative Coun-
cil on Friday the 13th instant, and the Proceedings
of the Hon. House of Assembly on the 13th and
16th instant. A Speech of Lord Sandon, at Liver-
pool on the 21st ultimo, and a Projected Railroad
for Newfoundland.


A Refreshment En-
Will be had at the Undersigned's
Riddles Bay, Warwick,
Ont I he 26ifS Isf.
Admission Gd.
The Mozart's Favourites BAND) will be in

Warwick, Seplr. 17, 1878-2


SLL CLA.IMS against the Undersigned are
requested to be rendered rot later than
the 24th Instant, and those INi) EBTI ED are
required to make Payment by same date to
Devonshire, 16th Sept., 1878.

Cheap Lard.

Received Ex CANIMA" To-1)av.
At 5d per Lb.
For Cash only.
Bamilton, dep(t. 1ith, 1878.-2 3p.

Rice! Rice!!

A few Bags good Cleaned

September 17th 1878.

Fish Guano.

f111ll UIndersigned have arranged to have a
Supply of Fli-ll GU\N:J towards the
end ot October next.
Hamilton. Spnir. 10. 1878.-3 3o).


AU CT I 1) 7;
thec Ofd Stand4.
rroc, JTe'diles I(fily,

18th inst., At Noon,
Bls. Bright Grocery SUGAR
Boxes Fancy and Laundry SOAP
Bags CORN and BRAN
1 Case Lamp CHIMNEYS
1 Do. Ladie- BOOTS
20 Reams Note PAPER
5 Gross Small INK
20 Do. School CRAYONS and other requisites
50 Lbs. CONFECTIONERY, well assorted
30 Gross Lamp WICKS, assorted
Felt HATS and Long BOOTS (must be sold)
An American PIANO (without re-

PIGS' .-0..

A Draught

Young Cow,

ATS, &c.,


Hamilton, Sept. 17th, 1878.

Sitctoni "a .(
At Public Auction,
=NDSB T 1 : oIco SHc
At 12 o'clock,
Fm Iy -

For Sale,


New Yo ork Mai'sfi(('('1IMe?%

The Steam Ship

Yl_ I .1 U lu I- .L (aA. Captain iD)K:OA 1',
19th inst., At 12, Noon, Will leave hence for New Yoi k
Under Power of Sale attached to Bond and At 1I '. M.,
SMortgage held by the Undersigned, r : 3D

A fi M4 .t at 19th istait.
OF THE LATE To leave thence for return on the
.*IofIt illir#i Gibso, 26'h instant.


rThe Cottare,
With about 12 Acres LAND,
Bounded on the North by'Land of William. J.
Steed and Miss C. Tucker, and by Mullet Bay ;
on the South, by the Reach; on the East, by
Land of Frederick A. S. Hunter, M. D. ; and
on the West, by Land of Henry Hilgrove Hol-
lis and of the Heirs and Devisees of the late
Mrs. George Richardson.
The Cottage is large and comfortable, and
has a Tank and Room in the Yard. There are
also a large Barn and a Stone Cattle Shed,
with large Tank.
The Site is an excellent one both for Build-
ing and Planting purposes.
St. Georges, 9th Sept., 1878.-2 3p

'is again advertised in consequence of an er-
ror in the manner of the former Sale.

For Sale by Private Ten-

Una 1 'itrsctay nCxI',A 'Ti'inpi('of T,'AND

19th instant,
75 Sugar-cured HAMS
15 Tubs and Kegs BUTTER
Now landing ex Canima"
10 Doz. Tins Roast BEEF, 2 lbs. and 6 lbs. ea.
Half Chests Young Hyson and Oolong TEA
Barrels, Half do. and Qrtr. do. No. 1 MACK-
25 Dozen Boxes BLACKING
5 Boxes TOBACCO, 12's
25 Qrtr. Bales HAY
5 M Feet Pitch Pine RAILINGS, 11 inch
by 3 inch
1 M Tomato ENDS, more or less
4 M Feet Pitch Pine BOARDS
Mr. Carpenter's Chestnut Gelding
SU Is quiet to ride and drive; will
carry a Lady.
The Fast Sailing Boat

Of 10k- Tons, with one suit of Sails,
Spars and Ballast: at present the
property of Mr. Stephen Richardson.
T The Horse will be put up at 1 o'clock,
the Boat immediately after.
5 Casks Younger's
Hamilton, Sept. 16th, 1878.

j Notice. Notice.

There will be a

At the Residence of the Under-
signed, Warwick,
2STK & 7T72 INST.,

Commencing at 6 o'clock.
There will be a Supply of REFR1'SI-l
Admission 6d.
The Alexandrina BAND will be in attendance.
The Proceeds of the above will be in aid
of the Widow and Orphans' Fund of the Female
Charitable Union Society.
Warwick, Septr. 17, 1878.-2


ALL Persons having CLAIMS against the Es- ,
tateofMISS ARAllJ.J\\Ml', late of
Pembroke Parish, deceased, are requested to
forward the same to the Undersigned by the
30th of the Current Month, SEPTEMBER.
Accounts rendered after that date will not he
Hlamilton, September 14, 1878.


A Fast and very tractable

FOR SALE. Apply to
F. W. VO-SM1EIt,
At his mniithery.
D-;A Qf-."t '17...1,;7 -n .9, .17 1T7 '

In Hamilton Parish,

To be sent in

21st instant.
The Proprietor does not bind himself to ac-
cept the Lowest or any Tender.
All information respecting the said Tract of
Land can be obtained by applying to
Clifton, Smith's Parish.
September 16, 1878.-1

_Ip RSONS desirous of obtaining the Situ-
tion of S l.ES,.IN in the P1'RVI-
SION STORE are directed to apply (inll
writing) to the S.ctretry, not later than
By Order of Comuinite,',
Sere tary.
14th September, 1878.


"Eureka Guano.

THE Undersigned will have a
very small quantity of the above FER'TI-
LIZ ER this Season, and owing to failure in
prices of last Crop intend offering it at LOW
Hamilton, Bermuda, 6 3
sept. 16, 1878. S P

Colonist please copy.


F O It ItI N T,
And immediate possession given
lH AT very desirable Property, the Residence
of Capt. NATHANIEL VESEY, known as

Cedar Vale,"
Situated on the Main Road of Devonshire, next
East of Pmropect, with all modern improvements.
It has Outhouses, Stabling, &c., and is within
twenty minutes walk of this Town.
For further particulars apply to

IHamilton, 16th

September, 1878.

S[Trhe owner of the Successful
Racing llor,-e

Winner of the Governor's Cup," on leaving
Bermuda by the Cani:na" on Thursday next,
offers him to Sporting Gentlemen at a very
moderate price. lie is by no means a showy
Horse ; he however possesses qualities which
cannot fail to commend him to connoisseurs and
to win the belief that none at present on the
turf can beat him in a fair Flat, Hurdle or
Trotting race. Reference as to pedigree, time
of running when first upon a Track, :-ijl
altet wards when v.inning the 'Planters St:.keo"
last ye'r, and the -;overnor's Cup" this, and
terms, may be made known on appli. nation either
to surgeonn !;,Ujor J. I'. S'TanIT, ti.)., or at the
" Royal Gazette" Office.
Ilan Ittan. Sant. 1'7th 1878.

All MAI LS to close at the P st office at 10
a.m 19th instant.
Parcel List t) close at 7 p. n Wedie.sday,
18th instant.
Specie List to close at.i p.m., 18th instant.
Fr, ight will Ie received until r) p. m., Wed-
nesday, 18th iistant, and t1ills of Ladtin will lie
signed until 10 a.m. 19th instant.
P issena ers Stnge wi'l be removed at 12-30
p.m. 19.h inst.
Certain 'aicels of Frui2, Plants and Vegei ales
having (dec:iye, a,.d the E press (Companies in
New York Ii vin rocfu i ed to forw .ard them be-
yond the (Ciy un!ei 1iprep:ayment of charges be
made, notice is given, th!;t no perishable goods
will hereafter be t iken for deliver by Ex-
pre-s" u less 4/ specially he paid to cover
"Express charges," and none will be taken fir
delivery beyond Washington, D.CO., or Boston,
Kerosene c:in be importedi by the Steamer's
return trip, Iut not again until tie Ist of June

Itamiltop, HIermuiida, Agents.
*epp. 17, t878. S
Colonist copy.

Bermuda Dockyard,
P]ENDERS will be received atrmy
Office until noon of

The 20th instant,
From Persons willing to supply the undermen-

For the Service of Government. viz.,
WHITE PINE ) 2 inches..... 1,000 feet run
BOARDy 1. .....1,000 "
Best Quality. 1 .....1,000 "
Tenders to state the price delivered on the
Wharf at Hamilton.
Naval Storekeeper.

-Bermuda Dockyard,
14th SEPTEMBER, 1878.
THERE being a vacancy for a WARDER in
H. M. Dockyard,
Application for the Situation is to be made
(with testimonials) to the CHIEF WARDER by
The Sth Instant.
A man of good character who has previously
been in the Service would be preferred.
Pay-4/ per day with quarters.
Colonist copy twice.

The Undersigned hereby informs
| the Public generally that
Provisions & Groceries
C;n be had at his Establishment, No. 27 and 28
Front Stre t, at so-called Hermuda Co-oper.
active Store" Prices.
Hamilton, Sept. i7th, 1878.

Remember-All Goods sold at Co-
operative Store Prices (or Cash.

Fr1llE UNDiERSIGNED informs the Public
generally that

Provisions & Groceries
Can be had at his Establishment No. 34 Front
Street at so-called "Bermuda Co-operative
Store" Prices.
Remember all Goods Sold at Co-operative
prices for Cash.
Hamilton, Sept. 17th, 1878.

A GOOD COOK and an experi-
enced AJURSE.
Apply to the NAVAL STORIFKEEME. 1I. M.
September 14th, 1878.

By His Excellency SIR ROBERT
M. LJ1FFAN, K. C. M. G.,
Govei nor, Commander-in- Chief,
Vice Admiral and Ordinary, in and
over these Islands, ec., k8., &c.
prayed for Administration on the Estate
of SARAH ARNOLD) LEWIS, late of Dev-
onshire Parish in these Islands, deceased.
This is therefore to give notice, that if any
Person or Persons can shew any just Cause why
the said Administration should not be granted un-
to the said JOHN DUREZ LEWI, he, she, or
they are to file his, her, or their Caveat in writ-
ing, in the Secretary's Office of these Islaidsa
within Fifteen days from the publication hereof,
otherwise the said Administration will be granted
acco, d igly.
SColonial Secretary.
Dated at the Secretary's Office,
th nlth day of SeDtr.. 1878.

General Shipping and
Commission Merchants,
(P. 0. Box 3709.)
52 2M 0ANTG PLAO.0,
F. D. S. NASH.
Messrs.A. W. PEROT & Co., Demerara.
lHon. S. S. INGHAMi, llamilton, Bermuda.
Jos. M. HAYWARD, Agent R. M. S. Pkt Co.,
St. George's, Bermuda.
DE. SEON, Ilamilton, Bermuda.
September 17, 1878.-12m

Unclaimed Lettersf. .
Silveira do Amaral, Jas Atwood, Wm Adcock
Silveira de Andrade, B Belfield, Mrs Pete"r Basset',
Mrs Samuel Bean, Mrs M, Butterfield, Joac luttel-
comt, Cecelia Bean, Jas W Butterfield, Amelia ox,
J II Darrell, Edward Darrell, T T Davis, Mrs
Facey, Mrs L Fowler, Margaret Fubler, G Gat-
bert, John Gonsalves, Mlanuel de Souza Gonsalvos,
Susan E Gibson, B L Griset, Thos Grier, Dr 3 R
Iliggsi, Mrs S H Harling, W R Hleney, Jerome
SJoaquim, Emma Joell, Alice Joell, C F Jonce, T
Kerrisk, James Lynch, Deborah Lanly, Clara E
Lloyd, Jose Luiz, Antonio Marshall, Joze Muring,
Alexander Marks, Thos H Outerbridi-e, Jane Out-
erbridge, John Packwood, N J Robinson, At H
Robinson, Wm G Seon, J Falconer Smith, Mrs II
M Stowe, James L Smith, Roseanna Smith, Mrs
Joseph Swan, Antonio Sandi, Jozoe de Mattos Ter-
ceira, Augusto Testa, Letitia A Williams, Richa'rd
Wood, John Wileop, Mrs B Whiteley, Jane Wight,
A Wingood, Mrs Alex Wilson, Susan E W\hate,
Mits J 0 Yatex.
Post Office, Hamilton, Sept. 16, 1-78.
MAILS FOR ENGLAND, United States, anJ
Dominion of Canada, per Steamer 1 Canihnt," closo
at the Post Office, Hamilton, on.-THUltSI) \Y
Next, at ten a.m. Correspoadence received in the
Forenoon Mails will be in time.
FICE ST. GEORGE'S, 16th Sept., 1978.
Jas A Brangman, Richard Burgess, Joseph l.aint',
E J L-w, L McBean, Mrs O'Brien,. William .','hoi-
son, tisry Swan, Vanuel % Stewait, John J Si'h i,
A na Tinlev, Ka', Trott, Emma L Wilson.

Colonial SeTre/ary's Office,
TflE following ACTS have been passed by
the Legislature of Bermuda during the
present Session, viz. :-
No. 16-An Act regulating the Salaries of the
Officers of the Gaols.
17-The Revenue Revenue Collection Acts con-
tinuiag Act, 1878. -
18-An Act to continue the Acts regulating
the sale of Poisons.
19-The Courts of Justice Contingent Charges
Act 1869 amendment Act, 1878.
By His Excellency's Co,aiian'l,
Colonial Secretary.

Payment of'Salaries,
Pensions, &c.

Colo (at1 Secretary's Office,
7th SEPTEMBER, 1878.
NOTICE is hereby given that His EXCEL-
LENCY THE GOVERNOR has ordered that
Salaries, Pension, and other periodical pay-
ments due from the Treasury-at the end of
each quarter, shall be claimed and paid within
the first ten days of the quarter next ensuing.
By His Excellency's Comionand,
3 3p Colonial Secretary.
Colonial .Secretary's Office,
A TTENTION is called to the provisions of
the Act No. 14, of the present Session,
entitled An Act to amend and continue the
Acts for the payment of Medical Witnesses :"
and of the Act No. 15 of the present Session,
entitled An Act to continue and amend the
registration Acts."
Attention is called to the fact that under the
provisions of these Acts, "No Person will in
future be deemed to be a Medical Practitioner
or a Surgeon, or entitled to receive pay as
such under the said Acts, but such persons as
shall have satisfied the Governor in Council,
by documentary or other evidence, that they
are persons entitled to practise medicine 'or
surgery or both in these Islands under the pro-
visions of the Imperial Statute of the twenty-
first and twenty-second years of Victoria en-
titled An Act to regulate the qualification of
Practitioners in Medicine or Surgery," or per-
sons possessed of a regular Diploma or qualifi-
cation as Physician or Doctor in Medicine or
other graduate in'Medicine, or Surgeon, or
both, granted to them after completing, a
regular course of study in and after passing a
regular examination or regular examinations
by, some University, or College, or School, ,of
Medicine, or Surgery, or both, of known
standing and character, or persons who have
for ten years at least consecutively immediately
prior to the passing of this Act been in actual
practice as Physician or Surgeon or both in
these Islands, under any foreign or Colonial
Diploma and as shall have been registered in
the Secretary's Office aspersons possessing orA
or other of the qualifications aforesaid."
By His Excellency's Command,
3 3p Colonial Secretary.


take place on
Thursday, the 19th instant.
All War Department Roads will be closed
from 6 a.m. on the 19th to 6 a.m. on the 20th.
Colonel R. E.,
Commanding Royal Engineer.
Colonist copy once.


VATIONS taken under the direction of the Principal
Medical Officer, Prospect, Bermuda. Above the sea
151 feet.


Sep. 2


c a.m.

SE. 1

Temperature prey
24 hours.







- c





Total 1-04


Proceedings of the Honorable Leg-
islative Council.
Tuesday, 10th September, 1878.-Pursuant to ad-
journment the House met.
Present-His Honor Josiah Rees, Chief Justice,
The Honorable James H. Trimingham,
t Eugenius Harvey,
t" Joseph H. Harvey,
6" James Tucker, Reer. Genl.,
Randal E. Webster, Colonial
The Bill entitled An Act to continue the Acts
providing for the collection of the Revenue," was
:read the third time and passed, and ordered to be
laid before His Excellency the Governor by the
Hon. R. E. Webster.
The following Message was brought up from the
House of Assembly, viz,:-
fMr. President and Gentlemen of the Legislative Coun-
We are directed by the House of Assembly to
acquaint your Honorable House that the Assembly
have appointed Forster M. Cooper, William H.
Wilkinson and Richard Tynes, Esquires, to meet
the Committee appointed by your Honorable House
for the purpose expressed in the Message of the
Assembly of the 2nd inst., relative to the work of
tbi Colonial Secretary's Office.
SesRions' House, 6 September, 1878.
The four following Bills were also brought up
from ihe House of Assembly and severally read
a first time, viz.:-
A Bill entitled An Act to provide for certain
contingent expenses relating to the Administration
'of the Revenue Department,"
A Bill entitled -, An Act to continue the Clerks
of Courts Salaries Acts,"
A Bill entitled "An Act to continue the Cleik of
the Pilot Commissioners Salary Act,"
A Bill entitled "An Act to continue the Savings
Bank Acts."
The Bill entitled "An Act to continue the Acts
regulating the payment of Jurors and Constables
and certain other charges of the Courts of Justice,"
was read the second time.
The House went into Committee thereon.
The Hon. J. H. Trimingham in the Chair.
The Committee rose.
The House resumed.
The Chairman reported the Bill without amend-
The House adopted the Report.
The Bill entitled "An Act to continue the Acts
regulating the sale of Poisons," was read the 2nd
The House went into Committee therein.
The I! on. E. Harvey in the Chair.
The Committee rose.
The House resumed.
The Chairman reported the Bill without amend-
The House adopted the Report.
Adjourned to Friday next, the 13th instant, at

For the RoyalGazette.
Those persons who intend making new plantations
of fruit, trees, should commence now and get the
Sound ready for planting in November and not
Jiter than the middle of February. If later than
February a vast amount of work will be required
in mulching and watering, and at the end of all
the upshot will be a partial failure. I have in a
previous paper stated that in Spring planting the
absorption is not proportionate to the exhalation, &c.
11 anyon-. i..ui plant in the Spiing later than Feb-
ruary,- the best mulch that 1 have found in Bermuda
is soft stone, like charcoalit it will absorb three-fourths
or its own weight in moisture, and part with its mois-
mire as the ground calls for it; and the weight of the
atones ke(ps the roots steady and quiet until they have
hade new roots to form a secure holdiast; it matters
not about the stem of the tree being acted upon fortihe
stem is elastic.
82 Cedars 12 feet high, 4 dead, mulched with stone.
39 Loquats 6 feet high, 2 dead, mulched with litter.
24 Peaches 4 feet high, 1 dead, mulched with litter-
made 5 feet of growth.
12 Apples 5 fott high, none dead.
12 Pears 5 feet high, none dead.
100 Raspberries, all dead. -I did not know if they
had 'been ordered; they bear upon their annual canes;
the canes spring from the latent buds in the roots,
ami it they start previous to being planted a failure is
certain; consequently the fall of the year is the pro-
per time to plant Raspberries, more particularly so
than any other kind of fruit.
100 Grapes all started good and were doing well
until the vegetable crops were taken out of the
ground and the ground cleared of weeds. As I was
w.riking on another section ot the ground I did not
Bu ihe Grape Vines for several days, and when I did
t e was not a leaf on the plants to be seen. I laid
thr blai,:a upon the poultry, as I had ordered the
poultry to be let at large, especially the young duck-
lings, to clear the ground of slugs, grubs, snails, and
other pests too numerous to mention, The whole ot
the cropping ground ot Bermuda is as lull of veget-
able-destroying pests as the fruits are of lile-destroy-

ing insects. 1 kept a strict eye on the poultry, but 1
did not see any of them touch a grape vine. I then
went to work examining round each plant and I found
from two to eight slugs at each. When I had got
through the work 1 had about half a pint of slugs. I
never knew slugs to attack grape vines before; if I
Ihad, a handful of slaked lime around each plant would
have prevented their comii g near the vine and des-
troyed thise about the plant.
I am, Mr. Editor
Yours most respectfully,
Hon. S. S. Ingham's, Paget.
September 9th, 1878.

In the Court of Bankruptcy yesterday (August 21)
receivers were appointed in three cases in which
ieetitions for l pquidation have been presented. In
ihe case of Messrs. 'Cottam, Mortan and Co., West
India merchants, the liabilities were stated to be
320,000. I he value of the aniets was not stated,
but the debtois are iL.'U:sted in:large estates in

Written exp2essly for the Bermuda Riyal Ga:ctle.

Money, being simply the common denominator
of all labour and material, is a representative quan-
tity merely and capital is the name applied to its
accumulations. Except as a means of paying for
labour and material, money would, apart from them,
have no worth; and so capital must be considered
in connection with these. How is capital acquired
and husbanded and what are the results of its ac-
quisition ? Well, capital is the margins of profits
L gained either from labour in combination, and there is indeed hardly an in-
stance where some degree of labour do(c not enter
into the preparatioL of material. A coui v, to be
progressive, must advance equally in capital a' in
population. Even with the natural increase of po-
pulation their demands advance with greater rapid-
ity than the individual ability of the majority of
families can meet, and so the capitalist either from
his own means or what he can command is ready
to aid and assist such labour and still further to
develop the resources of the country to the support
and profit of the people, and to the benefit of his
own capital. The capitalist, too, not only husbands
his own earnings but also those of the industrial
and labouring classes. It is really what an indiv-
idual or nation can save and put aside over and
above actual expenses that constitutes real wealth.
A man who can earn by his labour 8/6 a day and put
aside 6d. not requiring to spend that 6d. is on the
road to wealth. And as a rule, the world requi es all
the accumulations of wealth. Without capital
there can be no enterprise, and employment of la-
bour would become a very uncertain and precarious
thing. In order to keep labour in continuous em.
ploy, capital has had occasionally to suffer, and to
anticipate a very uncertain future, and doubtful re-
turns often resulting in loss. The opening up of
great industries have been the r sults of large ex-
penditure of capital before any returns could be had
on which labour has had its support and profit.
And with profitable annual returns, the simple re-
payments of this capital in divided earnings is a slow
matter. The capital which has been expended in
the opening up of great works during the last half
century is enormous, and represents a large amount
of savings, such as expenditures on canals, railroads,
steamships, inland and ocean navigation, gas and
water companies, agricultural and industrial appli-
ances, manufactures and the improvement of exist-
ing cities. Without capital the accomplishment of
all these would have been impossible. The progress
of the present day, great as it is, is due to the sav-
ings of past generations and to a continuance of the
the same judicious principle of economical prudence.
The sympathy between capital and labour ought to
be much greater than it is, their interests and wel-
fare are identical. But times have been, and times
will yet happen, in other wrrds there will be a
periodic ci isis when capital is severely strained to
hold up the whole fabric, and when labour ought to
be as elastic as it can be to meet the emergency.
But labour has often proved itself too ungrateful
and the results have been an open conflict between
labour and capital to the depreciation of the latter
without getting any substantial benefits for the
former to the great disturbance of the industrial
and social equipoise. If the capitalist cannot em-
ploy his capital; or if his capital becomes crystal-
ized in unproductive investments, even temporarily,
labour must also suffer and perhaps less acutely.
The capitalist is apt to make a miscalculation to
overestimate profits or to imagine them to exist
where experience proves the fallacy of this presump-
tion. The vicissitudes of the capitalist, and we
may regard the ordinary merchant as one on a
limited scale, are indeed very great. If his returns
are occasionally large his losses come in turn and
frequently balance the account. Though labour
must feel occasionally any reactionary influences,
it is still more exempt from tidal waves of depres-
sion. Its gains are more uniform and moderate
and its occupation is more continuous. The capit-
alist, though exact in his business relations with
labour, from a just appreciation of proper economy,
has been foremost in the great work of benevolence.
Hospitals, almshouses, institutions designed to meet
the emergencies of human nature, and to mitigate
the ills to which flesh is heir to, colleges and semi-
naries of useful scientific or refined learning, the
erection of churches and the maintenance in full
integrity of public worship, all these have been
munificently supported by the capitalist out of his
profits largely in the interest of labour for the gene-
ral well being of the whole community. Without
the capitalist such institutions would have little or
no foundation. They are the outcome of his gene-
rosity, which is best so publicly bestowed. For it
is no part of his tactics to encourage personal indo-
lence where there exists the power of exertion. The
capitalist is himself a hard working man, and it is
ii consistent withiH intcrcst or -his policy to en-
courage idleness. He really cannot afford to do so.
Nominally the capialist is wealthy, but his wealth
is invested and toed up and not at his disposal to
wastefully dispense even if he would. And, as has
been said, the tolls he may earn are always in de-
mand, at least generally so, and his having them
on hand ready is so much encouragement for honest
and industrious labour to go on~nd prosper. Works
of benevolence are aided and supported by the
capitalist mainly. Where labour is intelligent and
well to do, it, too, does its proportion and with the
labouring classes the voluntary system enlist sup-
port. But usually, unless supplemented by the
contributions of the capitalist, whether as an an-
nual donation or as a fixed endowment, these bene-
volent efforts would fail to meet fully the ends of

their designs. The heaviest drains on benevolent
institutions are at times when both the capitalist
and labourer are alike restricted through the un-
promising character of the times, from the unpro-
ductiveness of business engagements. And tHis
would seem rather to foster the notion that endow-
ments of as permanent a character as possible should
be provided for benevolent purposes, at least to a
certain extent to overcome the uncertainties of
general trade. When a crisis exists, even the best
secured investments must suffer. If capital is not
in demand it cannot earn. A depression long con-
tinued must tell on all classes more or less. There
is nothing except from its operation. During the
crisis through which the world has been passing
the benevolent institutions have /elt the restricted
abilities of capital to aid them, notwithstanding
that more has been done than could well have been
expected under the circumstances. The liberally
of prosperous capitalists has been very great, and
an interesting record is the catalogue of distin-
guished men who have provided for the wants of
their fellow creatures, and who have tended to pre-
serve the standards of morality and of learning by
their judicious generosity. It is not our present
purpose to recall any of these. Our aim has been
to shew briefly the relations of labour to capital,
and to render the deduction easy that objects of
benevolence are dependent on the heart of the cap-
italist who has responded nobly to urgent calls
made, and has voluntarily provided what could be
spared. But, while we state a fact, that capital and
benevolence are more closely allied than would
be supposed at first sight, yet we must not suppose
that labour is thereby relieved from an obligation
to do its part. In other words the capitalist's do-
nations should be considered as supplementary not
as supplanting. The mite of the widow has not
only its special blessing, but it carries with it an
encouraging interest a general individual heartiness
in the works of benevolence which largely ensure its
efficient administration, and bespeak a success com.
mensurate with honest energetic effort.

At the MIeting of the British Associ,i ,n f cicnft-
ly held at Dublin
Major Wilson, director of the Survey
of Ireland, read a paper on Cyprus, which was lis- t
tened to with close attention. He stated that Cy- i
prus, the third largest island in the Mediterranean, a
is situate in the easternmost part of that sea, having t
Asia Minor to the North and Syria to the East. i
Cape Cormachiti is about 46 miles from Cape Ana. t
mour, in Cilicia; and Cape St. Andrea, the N. E. v
point, is about 60 miles from Latakia, in Syria.
Since it became subject to the blighting influence t
of Moslem rule each year has seen vineyards run to c
waste, cultivation decrease, and a hopeless state of 6
despondency settle down on the people, until at
last the most beautiful and fertile of islands has c
become in parts almost a desert. For years the land c
has lain fallow; but with the influx of Brit- o
ish capital and energy the island is capable c
again of becoming the garden and granary of!
the East. A very shorttime will see the great I
plain again covered with golden corn ; but 8
to replace the vineyards, the olive groves,
'and thbe forests which were once the glory of
Cyprus will require time. The Island is chiefly
occupied by two mountain ranges, having a
general E. and W. direction. Hlie mentioned that
there are three separate peaks, the highest being
about 6,160. There are no vines on the summits,
which are quite bare, the rock being broken up by
the action of the weather. A sort distance down
the mountain is the large monastery of Troodissa.
The level ground is covered with gardens and fruit
trees, the valleys are green with pasture land, while
along the coast line one village follows another
in quick succession, it is the richest part of the
island, and the fresh sea breezes from the north and
the numberless rapid streams from the mountains
make it the healthiest. There are no good natural
harbours. The chief places of trade at present are
only open roadsteads. Salamis and |Famagosta
are artificial harbours; the latter could easily
be made a good one. Tyrinia, on the north
coast, is a very small and bad port, but the
only one on that side of the island. Lar-
naca, which is built on the site of ancient
Citium, is now the chief place of trade, and con-
tains 5,000 or 6,000 inhabitants. Limosadi i I
the principal export town for wine. Paphos, the
residence of Sergius Paulus, is where Elymas was
struck with blindness. It is celebrated for the
worship of Aphrodite or Venus, who was believed
to have there risen from the sea. Salamis was
called by the Greeks a good hab our; Jews had
synagogues there. The population of the island is
about 144,000, of whom 44,000 are Moslems. The
Cypriots are dull and stupid, but are very docile
and sober, and their love of home and family is a
most favouratle trait in thdr character. The Cy-
prian peasants themselves have so little skill and
forethought that the most careful government
would have some trouble in getting them to work
harder and more intelligently. C)prian ox" was
the term of old used to describe this race, so stub-
born, so wanting in intelligence; and even at the
present day the true Cypriot squats in his native
village, surrounded by filth, sticks to his ancient
habits, and goes no further than he can help. The
climate has been affected by many causes. The
forests, which had been the glory of the island,
have disappeared. During the period of the Turk-
ish rule every one cut down what they wanted; no
one ever thought of replanting. The poorer the
people became the more the forests disappeared,
and the finishing touch was given by Mehemet All,
who cut down nearly every tree, partly for sale,
partly for shipbuilding, partly for use in Egypt.
When the people were asked about disforesting
they said, It has always been done in our coun-
try ;" and when the consequences were pointed out
they said, The Government wishes it," so accus-
tomed were they to abuse the Turks for their own
shortcomings. The climate is good, but there are
fevers just such as attack visitors at Malta, which
last only two or three days. Near the end of the
great plain there are large swamps, into which the
rivers divide themselves, and are thus prevented
from reaching the sea. He recommended the intro-
duction of the eucalyptus, or Australian gum tree, a
plant which has the effect in swampy districts of
producing beneficial results, as was instanced in
Algeria. It is also the only green plant which,
after it has grown for one year, the locusts do not
attack, because of its astringent properties. This
is also the more important, because the island is
visited by a plague of locusts. There are also sea-
sons of gteat drought, but the heavy dews to a
great extent counteract their effect. As to the
mineral products, Major Wilson mentioned that
copper mines had been extensively worked in the
island by the Romans. The principal oes were
situated near Tamassus, about threo hours' ride
from Dale (Idalium). Coal, or shale, has also
been found near the ancient Soloe. Besides copper,
Strabo mentioned that the island produced silver ;
and Plinthy records the existence tof precious stones,
probably rock crystal. In saying that light fevers
attacked those who visited the island he did not
wish to convey that the climate was what could be
fairly described as unhealthy. It arose from the
circumstances which he described, which prevented
the rivers reaching the sea. It would also occur to
them that the place could scarcely have been un-
healthy when the Greeks adopted it for the worship of
Venus. He hoped that they would not be led by the
acquisition of Cyprus into a military government.
There was no occasion in Cyprus for the employ-
ment of a large number of troops. The number
employed by the Turks was exceedingly small, and
did not exceed half a regiment; and most of the

soldiers used were a sort of militia, raised in the
island, who never went beyond its limits. He
hoped that one of the first things the Government
would do would Le to send over a properly orga-
nised scientific expedition to survey the island.
They had no proper topographical survey. The
maps they hrd were by different itinerants, who
had crossed the islands from different directions.
They I ad no scientific maps of the mines; and he
thought a geological survey should also be made.
The whole country required to be excavated, for
there must be a great number of inscriptions there
which must be most valuable. As an instance of
what might be discovered, he mentioned the bi-
lingual inscription, in Fhoenician and Cypriote,
upon marble found by Mr. Lane at Dale, the
ancient Idalium, in the British Museum. He had
no doubt that the energetic High Commissioner, Sir
Garnet Wolsely, would so deal with the adminis-
tration of the country that in a few years Cyprus
would set an example to the whole country of rich
produce, and he would like to see the old castle of
Buffamento one day the seat of the High Commis-
sioner of the island of CyIprus. (ApI lause.)

The "Times" on Gladstone-A Severe Criticism.-
LONDON, August 30.-I he Times, in a leader criti-
cising an article of Gladstone's bitterly attacking r
the Conservative policy, says: "The country will
be as little stirred by this attack as it has been by
numerous attacks, in and out of Parliament, on
paper and by word of mouth, which Mr. Gladstone
has been pouring out for a good many months. iHe
really ought, as a man of sense, to accept the fact
that judgment has been given against him. There
is, the wise man tells, a time to speak and a time to
remain silent. When a party leader has said all
he has to say, and in spite ox frequent repetitions
has found he has not convinced his countrymen, it
might be well for him at length to remember the
second clause of the advice and wait either for new
matter or for a more auspicious opportunity."

From the London Times, August 22.
We publish in :..'i.. : column a glowing descrip-
ion of the mechanical contrivances produced by the
inventive genius of the citizens of the United States
nd now exhibited at Paris. The Exhibition in
he plain opposite the Trocedero is such a world in
itself that crowds of visitors have probably resorted
o it and come away again without having seen the
wonders of American ingenuity. Many men, many
minds ; and while one saunterer cannot be brought
o see anything outside the pavilions of art that oc-
upy the centre of Exhibition buildings, another con-
ines himself exclusively to the outer sheds that
cover the machinery in motion. It is well that each
compartment has its special frequenters, for the in-
convenient crowds that form where streams cross
nme another or unite warn us what would be the
consequence of a general rush to any particular div-
sion. Still it is 'possible that the mechanical dis-
play of the United States has not received its due
share of attention. If this is so, it may be pleaded '
that visitors from the other side of the Atlantic have
not led the way to the wonderful show of the inven-
tions of their countrymen. Perhaps they will al-
lege that for them it is not wonderful. The works
of contemporary art in France, England, the Low
Countries, Germany, and Spain, with which so many
walls are covered, attract their attention because
they can see nothing like them in their own cities.
They freely bestow their admiration upon what is to
them 'so new and so magnificent. But "notions"
from Connecticut and Massachusetts, Rhode Island
and New York-what are they ? Things the like of
which have been seen over and over again, until
they have, indeed, become familiar household posses-
stons. It is evident that we cannot employ these
excuses. The greed of novelty should have led Eng-
lish visitors where Transatlantic visitors did not care
to go, and there will be no defence for those who.
now that they are informed of what they have to see,
do not turn aside to look at the show.
The New Englander is an inventive animal. We
are told that his brain has a bias that way." He
is always restless to fix up something in a more
convenient fashion than it has ever been fixed up
before. No matter what his training or what his
calling, his mind is working in a kind of back-yard
over some idea for economizing his labour that is on
the eve of being realized. "The New Englander
mechanizes as an old Greek sculptured, as the
Venetian painted, or the modern Italian sings; a
school has grown up whose dominant quality, cu-
"riously intense, widespread, anddaring, ismechani-
cal imagination." Something of inventive energy
may perhaps be discovered in these phrases akin to
the faculty of discovery they glorify; but the pre- -
eminence of the mechanical genius of the citizens
of the States may be admitted, and it is illustrated,
not for the first time, in the Exhibition at Paris.
Our contributor describes these wonders, and 'if, as
may be hinted, they were equalled, and perhaps
outdone, at Philadelphia two years since, the inven-
tions that are exhibited in Paris are only inferior to
the Philadelphia collection and should be studied by
the masses that did not cross the Atlantic in 1876.
The Stow "flexible shaft" appears to be one of the
most striking of the latest productions of Yankee
ingenuity. This is a contrivance for carrying power
round a corner, out of window, up a pair of stairs,
or wherever else it may be wanted. The operator
holds in his hands something that he can turn about
as easily as:.a small garden-hose, which it resembles ;
but wherever he applies it an augur at the end does
its work as perfectly as if it were the extremity of
a rigid drill. The shaft has been made flexible
along its length without losing its driving rigidity,
and this has been accomplished by winding a cable
of steel wires, strand over strand, each successive
strand in the reverse direction from the preceding.
Passing by a crowd of minor "notions," we come
upon the exhibit of the Waltham Watch Company,
which ia economical importance is perhaps, superior
to anything else shown. The rivalry of the watches
of this company has already been felt by our own
makers, and a hesitating attempt was made last
Session, in the interest of the Coventry manufactur-
ers, to prevent the watch-cases of the company re-
ceiving the English stamp which certifies that they
are made of gold. It would seem that the Waltham
watches may defy all attempts to exclude them in
this indirect way. Their first claim to public ap-
proval was derived from the extraordinary nicety of
their construction. They were made with such
perfect exactitude that the parts of all watches of
the same class could be interchanged; and, produc-
tion being thus made possible on a large scale, cheap-
ness as well as excellence was secured. But the
company have gone on introducing improvements in
their art, and the compensation balance they have
devised seems to have overcome the standing diffi-
culty of the varying expansibility of the spring and
the wheel. It is said that the delicacy of con-
struction of the mechanism invented by the company
is such that a micrometer they 'exhibit at Paris
measures the 25,000th part of an inch, and might
readily be divided under a lens into 100,000th parts.
What is the secret of the inventive activity of
our American cousins ? We are told that it runs
in the blood, for the English-descended population
of New England has been much more fruitful of in-
ventions than the descendants of immigrants from
other parts of Europe ; but the statistical evidence
on this point appears to us to be of dubious autho-.
rity. If it was clearly established that those
descended from English parentage are more in-
ventive than those who have sprung from Dutch,
German, or French origins, we should have to refer
the inventive ability of New England to some-
thing else than the operation of patent laws, which
are the same for all. It must, indeed, be observed

in connection with this point that the principle of the
English patent law does not differ in any essential
particular from that of the law of the United States,
and the facilities offered to the inventor have, for.
some considerable time, been much the same on
both sides of the Atlantic. There is, however, one
clear reason why mechanical invention should be
more developed in the Unfted States than here. It
is to be found in the greater efficiency of labour
there, and the increased cost and difficulty of hiring
it. A man is driven to invent machines for saving
labour because he has such trouble in getting labour,
and it is so expensive when he does get it. This
stimulus comes as a fresh and powerful good when
the use of many generations has been to rely upon
help which is suddenly withdrawn. The American
housewife, though she is in a good position, cannot
get the assistance which is so easily procurable here,
and yet it is something more than a conventional
necessity that some of her household work should be
taken off her hands. Her husband is worried by her
household cares; he has to help her in the dis-
charge of them; and he applies his mind to the
task of lightening the labours that cannot be de-
livered over to others. The call for labour-saving
machines is incessant, and the maker of them is
always sure of his market. There is another cir-
cumstance which tends greatly to multiply this
species of manufacture. The machines in question
are commonly made in the more settled part of the
Eastern States where labour is comparatively less
efficient and they are employed most profitably in
the less settled Western States, where labour is
most efficient. This remark applies more to the
labour- saving machines of agriculture and of manu-
factures than to those used in the household.
Taking such machines from Connecticut for use in
Illinois is, in fact, buying labour in the cheapest and
selling it in the dearest market, and the economical
advantages are enormous of thus carrying what may
be called concrete labour in a form that never grum-
bles about wages from the Atlantic to the Mississippi
States. We may thus in some measure understand
how invention comes to be in the air in the United

Sites. The conditions of the Union as anecononii
society drive its inhabitants toward invention, an
there, as elsewhere, necessity may be said to be it
mother. Yet we do not pretend to exhaust th
whole secret of the phenomenon of inventive gepiu
across the Atlantic. Who has ever discovered th
primal cause of the sudden development of nation
in diverse directions ?
'The New Englander invents as the Venetia
painted; but what made the Venetian school
arise in their strength to pass away again past re
cover? Can any one explain why within the shor
space of fifty or sixty years the Dutch school should
spring into existence, attain unrivalled excellence,
and disappear ? To pass to another sphere of art
how came it to pass that in an equally short spac
dramatic poetry rose in England from the rudenes
of Gorbeduc to the wonder of Hamlet, and that now
an English play is almost an impossibility? Grea
convulsive movements of nations, churning life ou
of the dead level of use and wont, seem to be con-
nected with these miraculous outbursts of genius;
but the secret links of cause and effect remain to be
detected. The mechanical development of the States
belongs to a lower sphere than the splendours of
Elizabethean literature or the glories of art in the
Venetian and Dutch Republics ; but it is possible
that there underlies all these manifestations that
added intensity of national existence which accom-
panies and indicates a new-born sense of national

A FEMALE SATLon.--Among the applicants at the
Thames Police Court, recently, was a gentleman
who v as understood to be Capt. Bache, of the sOP
Strathdon, belonging to the White Star Line, ply-
ing between London and Australia. He was ac.
companies by a young lady of about 18 years of
Pge, who possessed considerable personal attrac-
'i{ ns. It appeared from the statement madeby the
Pptain, that this young lady joined his vessel at
*ydney as an Apprentice. She was then dress-
(d in masculine attire, and represented herself
to be a runaway apprentice from another vessel,
and she stated that she wished to get back to Lon-
don, and for that purpose offered herself to Capt.
Bache's vessel. When the ship left Sydney ,the
new hand did duty as well as could be desired, and
became rather a favourite with the ship's company.
When the vessel had been out about 40 days a
communication was made to the captain which
aroused his suspicions, and he accordingly taxed
the supposed Apprentice with being of a different
sex to what be had represented himself to be. The
would-be tar thereupon confessed that she was a
young lady. Some female clothing was procured
and the middy was placed in apartments more suit-
able than the forecastle. Captain Bache now stated
that to put himself right with his owners he wished
to krow whether the young lady could make a sta-
tutory declaration as to how she came on board his
ship The magistrate said that he did not think
that was necessary. No doubt if Captain Bache
went to them and explained the affair it would
be all right. The Captain thanked his Worship
and withdrew.-Messrs. George Thompson & Co.,
the owners of the Strathdon, have underta to
send the young lady home to her parents, wh
side near Dublin. The account she gives of er-
self is as follows:-About 15 months ago khe took
it into her head, being then only 17, to go to New
South Wales cr Austrialia. She accordingly went
out as an emigrant to Queensland, where she ob.
stained a situation as barmaid. She received a let-
ter from her mother whilst there asking her to re-
turn home, and enclosing her some money to pay
her passage to the United Kingdom. Instead of
doing this she bought a "rig-out" of masculine
attire, and obtained a situation as second steward
on board a steamer running short trips between
Newcastle and Sydney. Here she continued two
or three months, and no one discovered that she
was other than she represented herself to be. She
then thought she would like to come to England,
and obtained a situation on board the Strathdon.
She behaved herself well since she shipped, and
made herself a general favourite.

The French Senator Renouard is dead.








ris. sets.

5 59
5 51
5 51
5 52
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5 53

58 20
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erniber Week

6 Lt Qr. 2h 11 m pm.
42 -9t. Mafttew -
:0 14t, after T,;,ity.

THE BERMUDA ROtAL C e rr is pu11-i:d
every Tuesday by DowALO Mo PHEr I.E.,
i'rirter to the Eic. Ei' 'I Excellent

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printed at the shortest notice.-Agent
at St. Georges for the Royal Gazale,
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Supplement to the Bermuda Royal


anamilton, Tuesday, Sept. 17, 1878.


proceedingss of the Honorable Leg-
islative Council.
Friday, 13th September, 1878.-Pursuant to ad-
ournment the House met.
Present-His Honor Josiah Rees, Chief Justice,
The Honorable William H. Gosling,
James H. Trimingham,
Eugenius Harvey,-
Joseph H. Harvey,
James Tucker, Recr. Genl.,
Randal E. Webster, Colonial
The Bill entitled "An Act to continue the Acts
regulating the Sale of Poisons," was read the third
time and passed.
The Bill entitled "An Act to continue the Acts
regulating the payment of Jurors and Constables
and certain other charges of the Courts of Justice,"
was read the third time and passed.
The foregoing Bills w ere ordered to be laid before
His Excellency the Governor by the Hon. R. E.
The House resumed in Committee the consider-
ation of the Bill entitled "An Act to increase the
efficiency of the Police Force."
The Hon. E. Harvey in the Chair.
The Hon. Mr. Gosling proposed the following
amendment-which was agreed to:-
Section 16, fourth line,-to strike out the figures
"17," the word "and," and the figures "18."
The Hon. Mr. Webster proposed the following
amendment-which was also agreed to:-
In Clause 18, line 2,-strike out the word "Sep-
tember," and insert the word "January."
The'Committee rose.
The House resumed.
The Chairman reported the Bill with the said
The House adopted the Report, and it was or-
dered that the Bill be returned to the House of
Assembly with a Message requesting their concur-
rence in the proposed amendments-and that the
same be delivered by the Hon. Mr. Tucker, as fol-
Mr. Speaker and Gentlemen of the House of Assembly ;
I am directed by the Legislative Council to re-
turn to your Honorable House the Bill entitled
"An Act:to increase the efficiency of the Police
Force," and to request the concurrence of your
Honorable House in certain amendments which the
Council deem expedient to be made thereto-a
copy of which amendments is delivered herewith.
Council Chamber, 18th September, 1878.
A Bill entitled "An Act to incorporate the Synod
of the Church of England in Bermuda and for other
purposes in connection therewith," was brought up
from the House of Assembly and read a first time.
The House resumed in Committee the considera-
tion of the Resolve for paying the sum of 6 to Mr.
Jeremiah Harnett, being the cost of a Quarter
Court Dinner.
The Hon. W. H. Gosling in the Chair.
The Committee rose.
The House resumed.
The Chairman reported the Resolve without
The House adopted the Report.
Adjourned to Tuesday next, the 17th instant, at


Abstract of the Proceedings of the Honorable
House of Assembly.
Friday, 13th September.-Dr. Outerbridge gave
notice that on the 3rd reading of the Bill to provide
for the purchase of lots in front of the Public Of-
fices in Hamilton he will move to strike out 1500
and insert instead 500.
The Bill entitled "An Act to incorporate the Synod
of the Church of England in Bermuda and for other
purposes in connection therewith," was read a third
time and passed.
Mr. S. A. Harvey gave notice that on the 3rd
reading of the Bill for purchase of Corporation lots
he will move an amendment to the effect that pay-
ment of the lots shall be made by cancellation of a
part of the Corporation debt for advances for erec-
tion of the Sheds instead of out of unappropriated
money in the Public Treasury.
The Bill entitled "An Act to continue the Act for
the relief of distressed Bermuda Seamen in foreign
countries," was read a 3rd time and passed.
The Bill to amend the Marine Court of Enquiry
Act, was read a 2nd time and committed.
Mr. J. W. Pearman in the Chair.
The House resumed.
The Chairman reported the Bill without amend-
ment, and it was adopted and ordered to be en-
The Bill to continue the Act to prevent danger
from the Storage of Dangerous Commodities, was
read a 2nd time and committed.
Mr. Harrett in the Chair.
The House resumed.
The Chairman reported the Bill and it was
adopted and ordered to be engrossed.
The House, on motion of the Attorney General,
resolved itself into a Committee of the whole House

to consider the subject of reporting the Debates of
the House.
Mr. J. W. Pearman in the Chair.
Mr. Dill moved that inasmuch as the only tender
before the House for reporting its Debates would, if
accepted, involve an expense of upwards of two
hundred pounds per annum, this Committee does
not deem it advisable to incur any such expense in
the absence of public expression on the matter-
which was agreed to.
The House resumed and adopted the resolution
of the Committee.
The Attorney General moved that a Committee
be appointed to ascertain at what cost an early pub-
lication of the Debates can be secured, the reports
to comprise full reports of the more important, and
condensed reports of the less important Debates,
and to report thereon to the House-which was
agreed to.
Ordered, that the Attorney General, Mr. Dill, Mr.
Wilkinson, do compose the Committee for that
Mr. R. J. P. Darrell introduced a Resolve pro-
viding for repairs, &c., to Pilotage Buoys and
A Message to His Excellency the Governor to
inform His Excellency that in consequence of the
approach of the Assizes the House of Assembly
propose to adjourn from Monday the 16th instant to
Wednesday the 23rd October next, and to request
His Excellency's permission so to db.
Adjourned to Monday next.

Monday, 16th September.-The Bill entitled "An
Act to provide for the purchase of certain Lots of
Land in front of the Public Offices in the Town of
-amilton," was read a third time.
Dr. Outerbridge moved that the words fifteen.
hundred pounds" be struck out of the Bill and the
iords five hundred pounds" inserted instead
hereof-which was negatived.
Ayes 12-Messrs. F M Cooper, R D Fraser, J
owle, J M Hayward, T A Outerbridge, S C Out-
rbridge. E Peniston, J W Pearman, T J Pearman,
N smithb, R Tynes, W H Wilkinson.

Nays 14-Messrs. J F Burrows, R J P Darrell, N
J Darrell, W J Frith, A J Frith, S B Gray, E H
Gosling, S A Harvey, J Harnett, W S Masters, S
A Masters, C Peniston, T F J Tucker, T J Wadson.
Mr. S. A. Harvey moved an amendment to the
Bill-which was agreed to.
The Attorney General moved an amendment to
the Preamble-which was agreed to.
The Bill was then passed.
A Message from His Excellency the Governor:
(No. 80.)
Governor and Commander-in.-Chief.
The Governor has the honor to acknowledge the
receipt of a Message, dated the 18th instant, from
the Honorable House of Assembly requesting per-
mission to adjourn the sittings of the House from
Monday the 16th instant to Wednesday the 23rd of
October next, and the Governor has much pleasure
in consenting to the desire of the House.
Mount Langton, 14th September, 1878.
Ordered, that a Message be sent to acquaint the
Legislative Council that the House proposes to ad-
journ to the 23rd day of October next.
A Message from His Excellency the Governor:
(No. 81.)
Major General,
Governor and Commander-in-Chief.
The Governor has the honor to acquaint the Hon-
orable House of Assembly that he has been inform-
ed by the Receiver General that there remains now
in the Treasury a sum of 262 6s. 5d. undrawn of
the salary attached to the office of Chief Justice of
this Colony, being the proportion of that salary
corresponding to the period between the date of the
late Chief Justice's resignation and that of the ac-
cession to office of His Honor the present Chief Jus-
tice, during which the appointment of Chief Justice
in these islands remained vacant.
It has been brought to the notice of the Gover-
nor however that there are some claims arising out
of the prolonged vacancy of the appointment, which
should be taken into consideration and equitably
dealt with before the amount thus left undrawn is
treated as a saving.
It has been represented to the Governor that an
extraordinary amount of additional labour, re-
sponsibilityand anxiety was cast upon the two as-
sistant judges of the Court of General Assize, by
the want of a Chief Justice to preside over that
court during the Michaelmas term of 1877, and it
seems evident that the task undertaken by the two
assistant judges must have been rendered far more
onerous, and must have been attended with a far
deeper anxiety from their no longer having the le-
gal knowledge and experience and the practised
judgment of a Chief Justice to assist them in arriv-
ing at correct conclusions; yet notwithstanding
these difficult circumstances the two assistant judges,
-the Honorable James Harvey Trimingham, and
the Honorable Eugenius Harvey,-carried through
the business of the Michaelmas term of, the Court
of General Assize most satisfactorily,-sitting, as
the Governor is informed, for fourteen days each,
and trying twenty prisoners on criminal charges,
beside two civil suits. ,
The Governor thinks it would be a becoming act
on the part of the Legislature to mark its sense of
the important service thus rendered to the Colony
by the two assistant judges by passing a resolve
granting those gentlemen a reasonable remuneration
for their extra labour. A moderate portion of the
sum of 262 68. 5d. saved to the Colony by the ab-
sence of a Chief Justice, might the Governor thinks
with great propriety be appropriated to remunerate
the two assistant judges for the extraordinary exer-
tions they were called upon to make, to save this
Colony from the grave inconveniences which would
have followed any further postponement of the sit-
tings of the Court of General Assize.
The Governor has also received a letter from His
Honor Chief Justice Rees stating that when His
Honor was appointed Chief Justice of this Colony
by Lord Carnarvon, His Lordship expressed his
anxiety that His Honor should come out to Ber-
muda as quickly as possible, as great inconvenience
had already been occasioned to the Colony by the
absence of a Chief Justice,-and that under these
circumstances His Honor had thought it due to the
Colony to come out here as quickly as possible, and
had been put to great expense in doing so-and the
letter adds, that considering the very limited salary
granted to him in respect of his office His Honor
trusts that the Governor will take some step to pro-
vide for the repayment of the money thus expended,
-which His Honor estimates at about 90.
In submitting this claim for the consideration of
the Legislature, the Governor thinks it desirable to
point out that under ordinary circumstances a Chief
Justice appointed to this Colony from England and
allowed full time to settle his affairs in that country
and make the most judicious arrangements for pro-
viding himself with an outfit, and for coming out
here would not be entitled to the repayment of any
portion of his travelling expenses : but the Gover-
nor thinks that the special circumstances stated by
Chief Justice Rees would justify the Legislature in
making an exception in His Honor's cas, as it
must be self evident that no one and especially no
one encumbered with a family can make a perman-
ent move from one country to another in a very
hurried manner without suffering some losses and
incurring some increased expenses which might
have been avoided had there been time to make
sufficient preliminary arrangements ;-and the Gov-
ernor trusts therefore the Legislature will devote a
moderate portion of the sum of 262 6s. 5d. which

has been saved by the vacancy of the office to meet-
ing the claim now advanced by His Honor the
Chief Justice.
Mount Langton, 16th September, 1878.
A Message from His Excellency the Governor :
(No. 32.)
Major General,
Governor and Commader-in-Chief.
The Governor has the honor to forward for the
information of the Honorable House of Assembly
a copy of a Report, dated the 9th instant addressed
to him by the Board of Works, on the subject of a
Plot of Land at the Flatt's Hill.
Mount Langton, 16th September, 1878.
The following Message from the Legislative
Mr. Speaker and Gentlemen of the House of Assembly;
I am directed by the Legislative Council to re-
turn to your Honorable House the Bill entitled
"An Act to increase the efficiency of the Police
Force," and to request the concurrence of your
Honorable House in certain amendments which the
Council deem expedient to be made thereto-a copy
of which amendments is delivered herewith.
Council Chumber, 13th September, 1878.
Copy of Amendment, proposed to be made by the
Legislative Council to the Bill entitlq} "An Act
to increase the efficiency of the Police Force."
In Clause 18, line 2,-strike out the word Sep-
tember," and insert the word January."
Ordered, that the House at its rising do adjourn
to the 28rd day of October next.
The Bill to continue and amend the Act entitled
the Pilotage Act 1869, was read a 2nd time and
Mr. J. W. Pearman in the Choir.
Mr. Hayward moved that the Committee rise and
report progress with the view of a Committee being
appointed to re-arrange the present Pilotage rates
and report to the House-which was agreed to.

The House resumed. The Chairman obtained
leave to sit again.
Ordered, that Mr. Harvey, Mr. Hayward and
Mr. W. S. Masters, be a Committee to re-arrange
the present Pilotage rates.
The Billentitled "An Act to continue the Act
to provide Salaries for the Officers of the Revenue
Department"-was read a third time and passed.
The Bill entitled "* An Act to amend the Marine
Court of Inquiry Act," was read a third time and
The Bill entitled An Act to amend the Act to
prevent danger from the Storage of Dangerous
Commodities," was read a third time and passed.
On motion of Mr. Cooper the consideration of
the Petition of Mrs. CorneliaFozard waA postponed.
The Resolve providing for the keeping and re-
pairing of Pilotage Buoys and Beacons, was read a
second time, committed, adopted and ordered to be
engrossed, and having been engrossed and the rule
regarding the passage of Money Resolves sus-
pended, it was read a third time and passed.
The Attorney General introduced a Resolve for a
grant to the Chief Justice in consideration of special
circumstances on his appointment to the Office-
which was read a first time.
The Attorney General introduced a Resolve for a
grant to the Assistant Justices of the Court of
General Assize for special services-which was
read a first time.
Adjourned to Wednesday the 23rd October next.
Roads Act Amendment Bill.
Liquor Law Amendment Bill.
Consideration of Council's amendments to Police

At a Cabinet Ministers Dinner at Liverpool on
the 21st ultimo on the President of the Board of
Trade's Health" being drunk.
Lord Sandon, who was loudly cheered, returned
thanks for the cordial manner in which the toast
was received. He said,-Putting oneself aside, you
have very kindly and most warmly toasted me, as re-
presenting the Board of Trade in connexion with'this
great commercial community, and the Mayor has
said that he thought there was something singularly
appropriate in the appointment of a member for Liv-
erpool to the presidency of the Board of Trade.
Well. there is a great deal to be said on the subject
and I am not quite sure that it is so very appropriate.
Look for one moment what a position it might be
for me to find myself in if I had to face the commer-
cial interests of a constituency most dear to me and
most valued by me, but if in the interests of the
country I had to assume the position of a disagree-
able and hard taskmaster. All that I can say is that
I know from the friends I see round me that what-
ever I do in this office they will put the best con-
struction on my efforts. (Applause.) There is
considerable delicacy in a mixed assembly like this
in touching even upon the very large question of our
Ministerial policy, but I will venture to say one
word, as I am supposed to have a greater interest
in the economical prosperity of the country than
any other Minister. 1 would say this-that I hope
nobody will for one moment think we are ashamed
of our expenditure in this year or in the past years.
(Cheers.) What we have done shows that we have
been wise stewards of your money. These struggles
in Europe have not sprung up like mushrooms in the
last six months. Everybody is aware that within
the last four years troublous times have'been impend-
ing over us, and those who have had to guide the
destinies of the country during this period--and I
venture to think that thosonth other side would
also have done the same-have not hesitated to spend
the public money freely for the national defence both
on sea and land, because they were aware of the
troublous times that were coming. And I would
appeal to you to say whether that wise expenditure
has not borne fruit in the great event that has cul-
minated in the last two or three months. (Cheers.)
I see that hon. members in various parts of the
country are adding up what they call the bill of the
Government now in power. They say we have
taken so many millions from the pockets of the peo-
ple. Well, supposing we are right in believing that
if we had not taken these precautions a fearful Eu-
ropean complication wouldhave brokenuout, do'younot
think that we have really saved the country from
much more than we have'spent during these last four
years, when nobody can really suppose that the pros-
perity of the country has materially suffered from
taxation ? What millions would not the country
have given back and voted with pleasure to get those
brave sons back who would have been sacrificed to
the demon of war! (Cheers.) I feel that we owe
no apology to the country for what we have spent--
I mean I feel it in my heart that it has been our
true course, andjthat we can say we have been wise
stewards of your money. We have known when
was the proper season to spend. Nobody on the
other hand, agrees more cordially than I do with my
right hon. friend the Secretary of State for the Home
Department-with those sentiments which he ex-
pressed that we have now, when the time of danger
is over, to show that we equally well know how to
economize the resources of the country. (Cheers.)

We get the following from the Newfoundland cor-
respondence of the Montreal Gazette :
"Mr. Sandford Fleming was a passenger on board
the Novascotian on her last trip to Liverpool Dur-
ing his stay here he had an i;erview with the lead-
ing members of the Government in reference to our
projected railway. He has engaged to use his influ-
ence in bringing the project under the notice of

financiers and railway contractors in London and
elsewhere; and there are good grounds for believing
that, in several influential quarters, it is receiving
favourable consideration. Once peace is settled in
the European Congress, we may hope to hear that a
Newfoundland railway has been organised, and the
project has taken definite shape. Ihe honor of orig-
inating the scheme belongs to Mr. Fleming, and
during his stay in London, he will use all his influence
to promote the undertaking. In addition to opening
up the country and promoting mining, agricultural,
and lumbering operations, such a railway would tell
beneficially on our staple industry, the fisheries, by
presenting facilities for transportation of fresh fish
to American and Canadian markets, packed in ice,
and still more, by bringing supplies of bait at certain
seasons-such as herring-to the fishermen on this
side of the island at such times as scarcity prevails.
The want of a steady supply of bait is one of the
greatest drawbacks in prosecuting the cod fishery,
both along shore and on the banks, and a railway
would go far to overcome that difficulty. The en-
thusiasm in favor of it here is daily increasing."-
St. Johns Star.

According to the latest advices from Cape Town,
the Premier stated in the House of Assembly, on
Friday, that some remarks made iu the House a few
days before would make it appear that the war had
broken out afresh on the frontier; but telegrams had
been received in answer to inquiries made by him,
stating that the fighting was principally occasioned
by marauding parties, who could only be dealt with
by an active police force. A local paper, however,
asserts that two thousand rebels are concentrated
between the junction of the Kei and Kabousie Rivers.
Desultory fighting was still being reported from va-
rious quarters when the mail left. It was rumour-
ed that Sir T. Shepstone would be relieved of the
administration ol the Transvaal. The Natal Legis-
lative Assembly has authorized au annual subsidy of
5000 for the purpose of establishing telegraphic
communication with Europe.


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