Group Title: Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder.
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: D.M. Lee
Place of Publication: Hamilton Bermuda
Publication Date: -1920
Frequency: three times a week[jan. 1910-dec. 1920]
weekly[ former 1828-]
semiweekly[ former -dec. 1909]
three times a week
Subject: Newspapers -- Hamilton (Bermuda Islands)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Bermuda Islands   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bermuda Islands -- Hamilton
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1828?
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 93, no. 153 (Dec. 30, 1920).
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Jan. 22, 1828).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076588
Volume ID: VID00317
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 46887227
lccn - sn2003060500
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bermuda gazette (Hamilton, Bermuda Islands : 1821)
Succeeded by: Bermuda colonist
Succeeded by: Royal gazette and colonist daily

Full Text



No. 23.-Vol. Ll. STATE SUPER VIAS ASNTIQUAS. 2-1 per Ai

Hamilton, Bermuda, Tuesday, June 4, 187S.

IBEriSBtaUD.. .
In reply to His Excellenmy the Governor's Speech
at the opening of the Legislature, precrnted> May
2Sth,-with His Excelleuny's Reply.
We, Her Majes:ty'.. most dutiful and loyal
subject, the Legi.-lative Council of Bermuda, de-
sire to express ,rur thank. for the Speech with
which Your Ex,:-ellency has been pleased to open
the present Ses-hon.
2. We are gratified to notice a favorable re-
port of the state of the trade and agriculture, as
well as of the revenue of the Colouy. The pros-
pects of an abundant crop for the coming season
are very eneouragiun.', altlioutgh the sudden depre-
eiation of the market value of that crop must be
a subject 4of some anxiety and concern, but we
hope with Your Excellency that the depreciation
in value may only -be temporary and that better
prices will be obtained by and by.
3. The maiuteuance of steam communication
be ween Bermuda and New York is a sulbjet of
great importance to the welfare of this Colony,
and it is with pleasure we notice that a new con-
tract hlas been entered iuto by the Board of Public
Works with the Quebec and Gulf Ports Steamn
Navigation Company, for the performance of this
service for a period of five years-a service which
we doubt not, from late experience, will be per-
formed by that Company with great regularity
and satisfaction.
1. We believe that the Board of Public Works
established under Act II, 1877, has given satisfac-
tion, and doubtless with increased funds at their
dispo.rl their heree of usefulness would be cor-.
respondingly extended with respect to the several
works of public utility which may come under
their control.
5. The situgestiouns of Mesrs. Cunard & Co.,
of Halifax, N.S.. as to raising the Uew Light House
at St. David's Island ,fifteen fc-tt before the Lan-
Strn is placed in it are valuable, and receive addi-
tional weight from the fact of their meeting with
the approbation of Sir Cooper Key, the Naval
Commander-iu-Ciief, to whom they were referred
by Your Excellency, and the proposal of the Board
of Public Works for carrying these views into
effect is deserving of much .eiusideration.
6. It is very doubtful if it would be expedi-
ent to renew Act No. 8 of last Session; but we
concur in opinion with Your Excellency that
it is desirable to make provision to enable the
Judges of the Court of Assize to postpone their
sitting4s. when neesi-,ary, without the intervention
of the Executive. We regret to learn the cause of
the delay last year'in filling the vacant office of
Chief Justice, but. are happy to find. that the Se-
cretary of State for the Colonies was eventually
successful. When any measure having for its ob-
ject the increase of the salaries to the offices of
Chief Justice and'Colonial Secretary, or either of
them, shall be submitted to us the subject will re-
ceive at our hands the most careful consideration.
7. It is our earnest desire to see an effective
audit of the Public Accounts, and although no sa-
tisfactory measure could be agreed on last Session
yet we trust that our labours during the present
one may prove more successful in accomplishing
this very desirable object.
8. The several subjects alluded to in para-
graphi 10 of Your Excellency's Speech-Boards of
MaI ine Survey, the sale of Liquor under License,
the Police Force, and the Postal System-are all
matters of great importance and deserving of the
closest attention. The existing enactments regu-,
lating these several services are susceptible of en-
largement and iinprovement, and it will be our
duty to consider them all well and patiently with a
view of placing them in a condiion better calcu-
lated to promote the public weal and to give gene-
ral satisfaction. It is with pleasure we hear that
there is a probability of getting' valuable assistance
from England with respect to our Postal System.
9. It is earnestly to be hoped that England
may be spa:ied the horrors of war and that the
. negotiations now being carried on between her and
another great European Power, may have the effect
of avertuing so dire a calamity. Should they fail,
however, and war be the inevitable result, we ven-
ture to assure Your Exc.'-llnucy that the people of
Bermuda will not be backward in manifesting their
deep attaclment to the mother country and their
devoted loyalty to our most Gracious and Beloved
Governor and Commander-in-Chief.
I thank you for the Address you have just pre-
sented to me in reply to my Speech on opening the
present Session of the Legilature.
I am happy to observe that the hope you have
expressed that the sudden depreciation in the mar-
ket value of our Island crops would only prove
temporary has already to a certain extent been re-
The opinion you express as to the value of the
testimony borne to the necessity for raising the
Light House on St. David's Island will, I have no
doubt, be strengthened when I inform you that the
experienced commander of the Mail Steamer "Ca-.
nimna," has expressed to me the strongest opinion as
Sto the advantage of having a second light visible in
conjunction with that of Gibb's Hill Lighthouse,

to enable navigators to fix their position with accu-
racy when approaching the dangerous northern
I thank you in Her Majesty's name for the
expression to which you have given utterance, of
your deep attachment to our mother country, and
your devoted loyalty to our Most Gracious and
28th May, 1878.

An excursion party of eighteen persons were drowned
at Galt, Ontario, on the night of the 22nd inst., by the
steam pleasure yacht in which they were, becoming un-
manageable and capsizing over a dam on Grand River
at Gait.
The rust atid cold snap has extended over a wide
belt of country, going as far south as Virginia, andc
reaching from the New England States to Iowa.
The fruit, corn and garden crops in some sections
have been seriously injured, while in others not much
damage has been done,

[SERIfiUD %.
In reply to His Exiellency the Governor's Speech
at the opening of the Legislature, presented May
27th,-with His Excellency's Reply.
We, Her Majesty's most dutiful and loyal sub-
jects, the General Assembly of the Islands of Ber-
muda, thank Your Excellency for the Speech with
which you have been pleased to open the present
Session of the Legislature.
We have the greatest satisfaction in again
meeting Your Excellency to resume our Legislative
labo:,urs and it is gratifying to learn that Your Ex-
celln:ey re-g'ard.s them as exercising so important an
influence on the welfare of the Colony.
We learn with pleasure that the Revenue Re-
turns shew an increase, and that commerce and
agriculture have flourished, and are glad to hear
that a new Contract has been made with the Que-
bec and Gulf Ports Steamship Company, which has
hitherto performed the service so efficiently, for
maintaining steam communication between Bermu-
da and New York.
The Board of Public Works has proved a very
useful body, and will, we trust, continue to merit
the confidence reposed in it by the Legislature.
We shall attentively consider Your Excellency's
recommendation for increasing the height of the
St. David's Lighthouse when that subject shall be
brought before us.
We shall also be prepared to give patient consid-
eration to any measures which may be submitted
to us for altering the mode of postponing or ad-
journing the Sessions of the Court of General As-
size and for increasing the salaries of the Chief
Justice and Colonial Secretary. It will always be
our desire to make such provision for the Public
Officers of the Colony, and especially for such im-
portant offices as those alluded to by Your Excel-
lency, as will secure the services of competent per-
sons to fill the offices, and fairly remunerate them
for the discharge of their duties, regard being al-
ways had to the financial resources of the Colony.
It will be our endeavour also to make adequate
and suitable provision for the audit of the Public
Accounts not now audited prior to payment, and
we are sensible that too great care and vigilance
cannot be exercised in securing accuracy in these
Any proposal which may be submitted to us for
securing a more efficient system of Marine Survey,
for improving the Liquor Laws, for render iug the
Police Force more efficient, or amending the Post
Office system will receive our most careful consid-
We shall attentively consider also the Estimates
of RevenT- and Expenditure promised by Your
Excellency, and shall endeavour, while exercising
all reasonable economy, to make sufficient provision
for all the requirements of the Public Service.
Should the critical position of affairs in Europe
result in a war between Great Britain and any
Continental Power, Her Majesty's Colonial Posses-
sions will no doubt vie one with another in express-
sing and evincing their sympathy with the Mother
Country; and Bermuda, Your Excellency may be
assured, will not be behindhand in giving every
proof of its loyalty and devotion to Her Majesty's
Crown and Person.
[Reply ]
Governor and Commander-in-.Chief.
I thank you for the answer you have just made
to the Address which I had the honor of making to
to you on the 21st instamt, and I trust that the re-
sult of your deliberations during the coming Ses-
sion will conduce to the happiness and prosperity
of all classes in these Islands.
Council Chamber, 27th May, 1878.

EPP Take Particular ANotice.

The Subscriber,

Per It. 1. Str. 'ALPHA,'
A large and varied assortment of

7ji Boots & Shoes,
Condsieting of

I A DIES Kid, Morocco, Leather and Goat,
SLace and Button BOOTS
Ladies Elastic Side BOOTS
Ladies Kid, Leather and Cloth, Button and Lace
Misses Kid, Goat and Leather, Button and Lace
Youths, Boys' and Children's BOOTS, SHOES
For Sale at lowest CASH Prices.
L. GRANTH3 4l1,
Nos. 46 & 47 Front Street,
Hamilton, Bermuda.
May 20, 1878.-3

N OTICE is hereby given that the
Board of Trade, England, by letter dated
the 3rd May, 1878, have granted permission to
the Quebec and Gulf Ports Steamship Company
to have the name of the British Steamship
"'GENERAL MEADE" of Hamilton, Ber-
muda, CHANGED)TO BAHAMA," and the
said Steamship "General leade" will be
called Bahama" from the FIFTH DAY OF
Quebec Gulf Ports Steamship Co.
New York, 16th May, 1878.

IF you want a really nice FAN or Fan GJRi-
DLE, go and see them at CHILD'S.-3

Gold and Silver.

Just Received from United States,
The largest Assortment of
Gold, Silver & Plated-
Ever Offered for Sale in these Islands,
Will be on Exhibition from Monday Noon
next, 27th Instant,
In the New Store next
S. A. Masters, Esqr's.,
No. 25 Front Street.
The Public are invited to view this splendid
LOT OF GOODS which will be offered at Pri-
vate Sale every day, and at Auction Two
Days every Week commencing Friday next
31st Instant, until disposed of or re-shipped.
These Goods being direct from the Manu-
factures at Wholesale Prices will be sold far
below the Market Rates.
They Consist in Part of:
FINE 18 K.


(American and Geneva)

To be Sold By Auction,
Om T pf: mI sw,

11th June next, at 12 noon,
By Order of the Executrix and Ex-

In Order to Settle the Estate of
GIBSON, deceased, the whole
Real and Personal Estate,

of his
Viz. .:-

The Cottage,
Called Reach Cottage," with about 12 acres
of Land, lately occupied by John W. Gibson ;
bounded on the North by land of William J.
Steed and Miss C. Tucker and by Mullet Bay;
on the South by the Reach; on the East by
Land of Frederick A. S. Hunter, M.D., and on
the West by Lands of Henry Hilgrove Hollis
and of the Heirs or Devisees of Mrs. George
The Cottage is large and comfortable and
has a Tank and Room in the yard. There are
also a large Barn and a stone Cattle Shed with
large frnk. The site is an excellent one both
for building and farming purposes, and the

Personal Effects,

F INE Silver WATCHES Consisting of : -
Fine Gold CHAINS for Ladies, Gents and ABLES, Mahogany and Pine
Children PL CHAIRS Do. Do
Fine Gold Sleeve BUTTONS Farming IMPLEMENTS and TOOLS
A very large Assortment of Fine Solid GOLD Onion BOXES P. P. Flooring BOARD
SETS for Ladies A. BOAT, in good order
A large Assortment of American PLATED- A CARRIAGE HARNESSES
CRUETS, large and small Cake BASKETS 1 COW
Toilet- SETS TRAYS, assorted sizes A Lot of Old IR ON, &c.
Table and Dessert KNIVES saO R
Table and Dessert FORKS 4 1
Soup and Gravy LADLES Fish KNIVES
Pie KNIVES VASES, a great variety I If not previously disposed of.
And a Large Assortment o Conditions of Sale of Real Estate made
known on day of Sale.

&c. ; &e., &c.
Hamilton, May 24th, 1878.



Gold and Silver.

A Large Assortment of

Gold, Silver and Plated-


Will be on Exhibition on Monday and Tues-
day, the 3rd and 4th June,
In the Store adjowing the
Post Office,
The Public are invited to view this Splendid
LOT OF GOODS which will be offered at
Private Sale on MONDAY and TUESDAY,
June 3rd and 4th.
On Wednesday, the 5th
Commencing at 12 o'clock.
These Goods being direct from the Manu-
factures at Wholesale Prices will be sold far
below the Market Rates.
They Consist in Part of:
GOLD WATCHES, (American and Geneva)
SFine Silver Do. Do.
Fine Gold CHAINS for Ladies, Gents and
and EMERALDS, &c.
Gold Sleeve BUTTONS
Ladies Fine Gold Neck CHAINS
A very large Assortment of Fine Solid GOLD
SETS for Ladies
A Large Assortment of American PLATED-
Table and Desert KNIVES
Table and Desert FORKS Tea SPOONS

And a Large Assortment of

&c., &c., &c.
Sandy's Parish, 29th May, 1878.
TrilE assortment of fine Gold and Silver
Stone RINGS of every description, &c., was
never more complete at CHIILD'S than at pre-
sent. Call and see for yourselves.-3
has just Received are PERFECTION
and can't be beat.

May 24, 1878.-28M., 4 & llJu.

On Friday Next,
At 11 o'clock, A.Mi.,
And each succeeding Friday until further notice,
IJ WIPi S f by alciof n,
In Front of my Office, Queen Street,

As may appear for Sale on that day.
Goods received up to 10 o'clock, a.m., on
each Friday, and prompt returns every Saturday.
llamilton, 1878.-5

O. I. C.
Ham Without Bone!
Just Arrived in the Canima," from New York,
It cannot beexcelled forits delicious flavor, and
economy in use. Give it a trial.
Sole Agent, Wholesale and Retail,
No. 5 Queen St.
Hamilton, May 14, 1878.- 4


FIVE Pounds Reward is offered
S to any Person who will give sufficient in-
formation to convict the party who lately
STOLE Rose and other Plants, from the Ceme-
tery attached to St. John's Church, Pembroke
Church Wardens.
Pembroke Parish, 20th May, 1878.


-- -" 201 Tons Register,
Fast sailer and large carrier-in first-class or-
der throughout.
Will be Sold Cheap.
Apply to JAMES A. AT WOO), Esqr.,
or to
St. Georges.
May 28, 1878.-2pd .

' Notice.
TENDERS will be received at

The 6th Proximo,
From Persons desirous of Tendering
for the
Mooring of a New Buoy,
At Mill's Breaker.
The Moorings to be carefully exiarinii-d in'.
Secured with all necessary Shackles and
Swivels to the New Buoy.
The present 'uo.y to be taken up and re-
moved to St. George's, cleaned and PRiiute-l
two Coats, with White Zinc Paint.
The New Buoy to be painted one Coat with
White Zinc Paint.
The COLONIAL SURVEYOR does not bind
himself to accept the lowest or any T.-niir.
All further information can be obtained on
application at the COLONIAL Su'RVEYOI'S


24th May, 1878.-2

~ "N

Colonial Surveyor.


A LL I)EIANDS against the Estate of the
deceased, ofSt. Georges Parish, in these Islands,
are requested to be rendered to the UnleIr;g,:.
by Saturday 15th June ,,r....;,,,.
All Persons INDEIiTED) to the said Estate
will be expected to make pa iment by the above
mentioned date.
St. George's, 23rd ':, 1878.-3

B I *- e p 4

Has Removed his Boot and Shoe
from Front Street to the second door South of
his former Fst;ibli..iolknt, at the South East
Corner of Buroaby and Church Streets, North
of the -toyal Gazette" Office; where he will
be happy to receive a continuance of the patron-
age of his friends and of the public generally.
Hamilton, M.::y 20, 1878.-3

For -De19 erara.



An American

. Clipper Sch'nr
'" "F, _r 1-

May be expected from New York in the course
of a few days, and will be dispatched iinme-
diately for Demerara (direct).
FREIG HT will be taken at custonary Rates.
Please aprly to
S. S. 1AGHI L.
Hamilton, 27th May, 1878.

Mechanical Repairing,

TiHE Undersigned having opened
a SHOP at the N,,.l,-east corner of
Queen and cid Stroe,, olTers his Services for
the General Repairs of

&c.; Picture Frames and Cane Work, Speci-

Walk'ng CANES of HBernuhL:
Choice Lot always on hand.

Wood a

Hamilton, ,May 7, 1878.

To all whom it may Concern,
T HE Urpdersigney I intending to
T Close if., --.. respectfully requests all
l-'ls'.'s who are 3idleb;,cd to him to pa ,- their
resp:.-cive Amounts on or before the 31st of
May next. All unsettled Accounts after th-it
date, unless satisfactory arranem,i.:nt be muide
for the same, WILL, WITHiOUT FAIL, be
placed in legal I;an is for collection.
All Accounts against the Subscriber are re-
quested to be rendered not later than 1st of
June, for adjusitmeiiit.
BE,~ US A D C'L E piiclcased
1,'iio4r o ut tl.l i Season, at M arit,:t prices.
I-Ha nailton, 9t1 i Apiil, 1 8,

jA, ,

t r

VATIO S takkeu under the direction of the Princip-al
Medical C:.----,. Prospect, Bermuda. Above the sea
151 feet.


Jne. 1

: 9.m.

30-032 sw 3
30-048 sw 2
29-967 w 2
30-120 E 2
29-974 SE 1
30-004 0 e'l
30-096. sw 1

Temperature previous
24 hours.



0 0
140-1 59-8
143-0 59-9
141-6 63-9
137-4 54-2
118-4 60-5
143-0 57-6
137-0 59'3

Total 2-27
Tl. Rainfall for the month of May, 1878..2-70 Ins.
of May, 1877.. 767 "

jtott- -...-..... ^a


June 4, 1878.


Abstract oj the Proceedings of the Honorable
House of Assembly.
Monday, 3rd June.-Mr. R. J. P. Darrell present-
ed an Estimate of Revenue and Expenditure for
the year ending 30th day of June, 1879.
Ordered, that it be printed and distributed to
members, and also printed in the Appendix to the
Mr. R. J. P. Darrell also presented a Report on
the Accounts of the Public Treasury.
The Attorney General, from the Committee ap-
pointed for the purpose, presented a Report relating
to the publication of the Debates of the House.
The Bill for the better Auditing of the Public
Accounts was read a second time and committed.
Mr. J. W. Pearman in the Chair.
First Clause agreed to.
The Attorney General moved the second Clause.
Mr. Fraser moved that all after the word "Trea-
sury" in the second line of the printed copy be
struck out-which he subsequently, with leave of
the Committee, withdrew.
Mr. Fraser moved that all after the word Act"
in the third line of the printed copy be struck out
-also with leave withdrawn.
The question being put on the second Clause, it
was negatived.
Ayes 7-Messrs. R D Fraser, S B Gray, E H
Gosling, S A Harvey, H G Hunt, T D Middleton,
S C Outerbridge.
Nays 16-Messrs. Speaker, R J P Darrell, N J
Darrell, T N Dill, W J Frith, A J Frith, J Har-
nett, J M Hayward, W S Masters, T A Outer-
bridge, E Peniston, C Peniston, J N Smith, T F J
Tucker, R Tynes, W H Wilkinson.
The A4torney General moved the third Clause.
Mr. E. Peniston moved to insert between the
word "accounts" and the word "shall," in the first
line, the words "except such accounts as are now
required by Law to be audited by the Quarterly
Committees, and except the usual contingent
accounts," and to strike out at the end of the
Clause the words "and in other cases that the
charges are proper and reasonable."
The House resumed.
The Chairman reported progress and obtained
leave to sit again.
Mr. Dill moved that the Clerk be requested to
give notice forthwith to the Reporter (Mr. S. Sew-
ard Toddings) that the House of Assembly is de-
sirous of terminating at the expiration of three
calendar months from this date the contract now in
force for reporting its debates; and to insert adver-
tisements in the public newspapers of this Colony
for the cotemporaneous publication of the Reports
of debates at length from and after the termin-
ation of the present contract';-which was agreed to
and ordered accordingly.
Mr. Dill introduced a Bill to guard against fraud
in the shipment of Produce from these Islands-
which was read a first time.
The Speaker stated that, in consequence of the
irregularity in supplying, in proper time, the print-
ed documents of the House hitherto, some more de-
finite directions be given for the guidance of the
Clerk should similar delays occur.
Adjourned to Friday next.
Order-The Audit Bill.

May 29-Brigt. L. M. Menth, Bowden, Rockport,
Maine; 50 tons ice, to G. W. Castner.
Steamer Lottie, Stevens, Hayti, bound to Havre;
10,000 bags coffee.-Agents, W. C. Hyland & Co.
30-Str. Lady Tredegar, Jones, London ; 500 tons Gov-
ernment stores.-Agents, N. T. Butterfield & Son.
June 1-Barqus Sir G. F. Seymour, Watlington, Lon-
don; goods for merchants.-Agents, J. H. Trim-
ingham & Sons.
3-Schr. City of Chelsea, Goodwin, New York ; as-
sorted cargo to S. S. Ingham.
Mail Steamer Bahama, Cowell, .New York; assorted
cargo.-Agents, Trott & Cox.
May 29-Schr. Hattie Ross, Cowzine, New York; 76
bis. and 2 boxes potatoes, 5,603 boxes onions.
Schr. Annie Florence, Frith, Barbados ; 476 b1s. and
50 boxes potatoes, 649 boxes onions.
Str. Loitie, Stevens, havre ; inward cargo from Hayti.
Schr. Nellie Grant, Jordan, Boston ; 332 bIs. potatoes,
2,716 boxes onions, 195 boxes tomatoes.
Mail Steamer Canima, Liddicoat, New York ; 13,105
boxes and 7 bis. onions, 1,399 bls. and 1 box pota-
toes, 7,596 boxes and 171 crates tomatoes.
30-Barque Eliza Barss, Hollis, New York; 297 bls.
potatoes, 4,443 boxes onions, 157 boxes tomatoes.
May 28-Bark Eliza Barss, Hollis, New York; cat-
tle to Trott & Cox.
30-Whaling Barque Sappho, Edick, from a whaling
cruise; 275 bis. sperm oil.
31-Whaling Barque Hadley, Edwards, from whaling
cruise; 200 bls. sperm oil.
June 1-Whaling Barque Attleboro, Howland, from
whaling cruise ; 200 bis. sperm oil.
June 3-In the offing-Whaling Barque Sarah, Silva,
on whaling cruise.
May 27-R. M. S. Alpha, Crowell, Halifax; mails,
passengers and produce; 4176 bxs., 49b1s. and 9hf.-
bis. onions; 2 bis. and 3 bxa. potatoes, 706 crates
tomatoes, 24 crates beets, 5 bxs. cucumbers, 25
bunches bananas.
In the R. M. Steamer Alpha from St. Thomas on
27th instant :--Mr. W. Volger, J. D. C. Lindo.
In the Barque Sir Geo. F. Seymour, from London:
-Mrs. Fegan and child, Mr. Francis, Alfred Seaman,

Miss Mary Key.
In the Mail .Steamer Bahama, yesterday, from New
York :-Mr. W. B. Coombe, Capt. Geo. W. Hill.
2nd Cabin-Daniel Smith. Steerage-A. Thomas.
In the R. M. Steamer Alpha on 28th instant for
Halifax:-Mrs. Francklyn, 2 children, maid and nurse,
Miss Lynch, Miss Allmon, Miss F.;eii:,, Mrs. Street,
Mrs. Goudge, Miss Goudge, Rev. W. C. Brown,
Wesleyan Missionary, Mrs. Brown, 3 children, Miss
Green, Rev. Robert Wasson, Wesleyan Missionary,
Mrs. Wasson and 5 children, G. Cockburn Harvey,
Esqr., i[r. Chas. A. Smith, Mr. J. D.'Tupper.-Second
Cabin, Mrs. Dunn and two children, Sergt. Paul, R.A.,
Sergt. Major T. Kerison, R.A.-Deck, 9 distress
British seamen.

In iwh Vail Sie'mner Canima, on May 30, for Now
York :-Dr. J. W. Reid. Dopty. Inspector Gene-
ral of Hospitals, Mrs. Reid, 4 children and inrse,
Major John, 46th Ret., Mrs. John, four children
and nurse, Niss J. H. Wyllie, J. D. C. Lindo.
W. Volger, G. H. Haymes, Colonel Eldred. 2nd
Class Miss B. C. Montgomery. Teresa Landy,
W. Perkins. Deck-Frank Silva, 0. B. Johnson.
, In the Schr. Annie Florence, for Barbados :-Mr.
Augustus Win good, Miss Packer.
On Tuesday morning last, at 2 o'clock, Capt. Forbes t
and crew of the Brigt. St. Michel, were landed at St-
George's by a West end pilot-boat in charge of pilot
Brangman, from the Norwegian Barque Professor
Schweigaard. The St. Michel was a fine Brigt. of 460
tons, laden with cotton, rosin, turpentine, lumber, cot-
ton seeds, and cedar, and sailed irom Fernandina, Flo.,
bound to Liverpool, on the 14th ult., but did not expe-
riefce any heavy weather until the 23rd ult., when
signs of an approaching storm were recognized, and
orders were given and the crew were in the act of
shortening sail, when the vessel was struck by a fierce
gust of wind, which carried both masts with all spars,
sails and rigging over the side, and a heavy sea set in,
in which the vessel labored fearfully. Exertions were
immediately used to get clear of the wreck which was
in constant collision with the bottom of the vessel and
set her leaking badly; the boats were also badly stove
and rendered useless. On the 24th the Norwegian
Barque made her appearance, and lay by them until
the following day, when the weather having moderated.
Capt. Olsen was enabled to rescue Capt. Forbes and
crew from the wreck. Having no material to rig jury
masts, and no boats, and the vessel continuing to leak
badly, were the reasons for abandoning her. The dis-
aster occurred 250 miles W.N.W. of these islands, and
we should not be surprised if the wreck. with the pre-
vailing Westerly winds reached here before many
weeks. Capt. Forbes and crew left in the Alpha for
Halifax, on the evening of the day they landed. The
vessel belonged to the Messrs. Muirheads of Mirama-
chi, N.B., and was not insured.
Barque Professor Schweigaard, Capt. Olsen, was
from Cuba bound to Queenstown. After landing the crew
of the St. Michael, she proceeded on her voyage.
On the 27th ult., the Steamship Lottie, Capt. Ste-
vens, from Hayti bound to Havre, anchored in Mur-
ray's Anchorage, in want of coals, which having
obtained, she resumed her voyage on the 30th ult.-
Agents, W. C. Hyland & Co.
Brigt. Excelsior hence at Queenstown 23rd ultimo,
by cable message to S. S. Ingham.
The Schr. Uncle Tom, Capt. Meyer, hence for New
York, was fallen in with about 70 miles West of Ber-
muda dismasted, by a schooner which had arrived at
New York and reported the circumstances. Captain
Luckenback of the Steam Tug Ackermann, who was
passenger in the Uncle Tom, took passage in the Schr.
that spoke the U. T. Captain Meyer would proceed
on his voyage as speedily as possible after refitting.
The T. H. A. Pitt, left New York for Bermuda, on
Tuesday last.
The Steamer Lady Tredegar, which arrived here
from London, on Tuesday last, brought a large quan-
tity of gunpowder and some very large guns. The
powder is to be stored in the new Government maga-
zines lately erected at Agra's Island.
The Satellite was loading at St. Vincent for London
on 2nd ult., and the Lady .Milne from London dischar-

A SAD Loss.-Mr. Haase, with the most exten-
sive and most splendid collection he has yet made
in our waters, when moving with his tanks from
the Flatts Village to Hamilton on Wednesday af-
ternoon last to ship to New York by the Canima,
noticed ere he reached the Town, that some of his
fish were drooping, and in the course of an hour
most of his best specimens were dead. This was a
great shock to Mr. Haase, and as he had prided
himself greatly on this collection he was nearly
crazed with disappointment. It would appear that
the fish were poisoned, but how, it seems difficult to

DEATH BY LIGHTNING.-During the awfully se-
vere storm of thunder, lightning and rain with
which our Island was visited on the evening of
Sunday last, a woman of colour named Adrianna
Simmons, while standing before a fire place cook.
ing in the kitchen of the House called "Alhambra"
-situated a short distance to the South of the road
leading from St. John's Church, Pembroke, toward
Clarence Hill-was stricken by Lightning and fell
dead. A man named Robert Roberts, who was
.standing beside her at the moment, was driven
backward some 8 or 10 feet, as if by a blow on the
shoulder, and fell on the floor. He, however, was
not seriously injured. There were some proofs that
the electric fluid came down the chimney. There
was a mark on the woman's right temple and on
her bosom.
An Inquisition was held on view of the body of
Adrianna Simmons yesterday, by Charles C. Keane,
Esqr., Coroner, when a verdict was returned in ac-
cordance with the facts.

To the Editor of the Bermuda Royal Gazette.

Shipping & Commission Merchants,
83 Pearl Street, New York, May 30th, 1878.
DEAR SIn,-The Meade" arrived on Tuesday
morning, May 28th, but goods were not discharged
till about noon. Her produce arrived to a very
quiet market in expectation of arrival of several
vessels now overdue from Bermuda.
POTATOES-Opened quiet at $5, but that price will
only be obtained for best stock, and 4"50 will be
the price for anything at all off in quality.
ONIoNS-Opened at $150 per box, but owing to ar-
rival to-day of "Rheidal Queen" slacked off to

$1-37-, and we would quote ex "Meade" at $137-1
@ $1-60. Some boxes slack filled, and dark, un-
sold, will not bring over $1*25.
TOMATOEs-Sold at 40c. @ 500c. per box. Very fine
stock at 60c. As usual, most of stock green.
Owing to numerous sailing vessels to arrive it is
impossible to give an idea of future prices, but
onions and potatoes have a decided downward ten-
dency, as buyers wont purchase more than there is
an actual demand for.
Yours very truly,

Sir P. L. McDougall, the new commander of
Her Majesty's forces in British America, with his
family, arrived at Halifax on the 24th ult. on the
steamer Hibernian. Three hundred soldiers to re-
cruit the 20th Regiment, ninety-seven Royal Ar-
tillery and Engineers, also arrived in the iibernian.
H. M. S. Bellerophon, bearing the flag of Admir-
al Sir Astley Cooper Key, accompanied by H. M. S.
Argus, from Bermuda, also arrived on the 24th.
Admiral Key proceeds to England by the first
steamer. Vice Admiral Inglefield transferred his
flag to the Bellerophon on the evening of the 24th.
A strange vessel was seen off Barrington Harbor
on 23rd ult. She is supposed to be a Russian cruis-
er. Great consternation reigns among the people
of that neighbourhood,
Among the passengers for England by the Nova
Scotian, from Halifax, on the 28th ultimo, was
Lady Cooper Key, the two Misses Key, Lady
Haly, widow of Gen. Haly, and Sanford Fleming.

Two North of England firms have undertaken the
Government contract for torpedo sinkers, which will
number some 8,000, and make up an 'r2 ..
weight of about 4,000 tons of iron. Their average
weight is 1,100 lbs. and they are being stowed away in
various parts o6 the Royal Arsenal, convenient for ship-
ment to stations at home and abroad.

We omitted to mention in our last issue that His
Excellency the Governor, immediately after the adjourn-
ment of ihe two Houses on the day of the opening of
Parliament, entertained the members of H. M. Coun-
cil and the members of the Honorable House of As-
sembly at Luncheon.

It looks as if the much talked of Congress was to
meet at last. The invitations are either issued, or
were to be immediately issued, by Germany. The
Treaty of Paris, and that of San Stefano, were
alike to be submitted for revision and modification.
Russia, after all she has said and done, was glad
to be helped out of her dilemma by Prince Bis-
marck, who undertook to give the invitations.
The august powers concerned in the matter have
had a hard time in reaching the present position.
Questions of substance and questions of form have
cropped out so thickly as to make accord almost
impossible. The men of the clubs, to whom the
gossip of social and political life is a second atmos-
phere, have had for once a surfeit of excitement
in speculating on the conditions affecting the pro-
posed Congress. Next to Prince Bismarck, Count
Schouvaloff has' the credit of arranging it. His
smooth counsels brought the Czar into a more
tractable mood, and found a way for Russia to do
the thing she has all along refused to do, without
appearing to do it. There is every confidence ex-
pressed that in the long deliberations had, some
agreement has been reached not only as to the
meeting of the Congress, but also as to what Eng-
land and Russia will accept as its conclusions.
The English papers were suggesting a protectorate
by England of Turkey in Asia. The proposition
followed immediately upon the announcement of the
Congress having been agreed upon, and may indi-
cate one of the points on which action is to be
sought. It did not seem to be definitely known if
Lord Salisbury or Lord Lyons would represent
Great Britain, though it was considered pretty cer-
tain that one of them would go. The latest an-
nouncement with respect to the negotiations in Par-
liament by Ministers, was guarded while hopeful,
and the whole temper of the discussion denotes that
a belief in peace was growing.
It also looks like it that the Turks' have suspend-
ed their defensive operations about Constantinople.
The forming of defensive works had been very un-
interruptedly continued until a week or two ago when
it ceased. The Russians have fallen back a little,
and thus made less probable the collision between
them and the Turks defending Constantinople,
which had been so imminent. The Conservatives
had'beaten the Liberals in the House of Commons
by a large majority on the question or policy of
bringing the Indian troops to Malta. A second at-
tempt to attack the Government on the question
was made, but Lord Hartington, the liberal leader,
refused to countenance it, and the majority for the
administration was still larger. For the present,
then, with better prospects of peace, the Ministry
have met no peril or disaster in any of the meas-
ures by. which they so energetically strove to pre.
pare for war.

We have been requested to insert in the Royal
Gazette the following, which we do with much
pleasure :-
The accompanying Testimonial of a set of Elec-
tro-plated Entree Dishes, is presented to Mns.
REID as a token of esteem and regard to her and
Dr. Reid, on leaving the Royal Naval Hospital at
The Subscribers are all connected with the Hos-
pital and in presenting this small tribute of respect
to Mrs. Reid, they One and All" unite in wishing
her and her husband every future prosperity.

Chpher. Harvey, Surgn.,
Hy. M. Levinge, 4
Chas. Thiele, Clerk,
Oswald A. Reade, Dpsr.,
G. J. Gorey, Wardmstr.,
Mrs. M. Walker, Matn.,
A. E. Fiddy, Butler,
John Edwards, Gate Pr.,
Thos. Brown, Nurse,

John Martin, Nurse,
Wm. Wilcox,
Jas. Thompson, "
Nath. Samson, Ch. Btn.,
Wm. Hunt, Cook,
S. Wellman, Boatman,
Mary Brock, Washwmn.,
E. Skeaters, "

R. N. Hospital, Bermuda,
May 24th, 1878.

A juvenile match was played on the N. C.
Ground, Somerset, on Thursday, 30th ult., between
the Somerset School boys versus the members of the
"Victors" Club. There were some very creditable
players upon both sides. The bowling of E. H. Gil-
bert was very effective, and the play of some of the
small boys was very good indeed. B. Barritt as
long stop did remarkably well. The following is

the score:-

1st Innings.
W. G. Pitman, b. Usher 1
E. P. Tucker, c. Usher 0
W. H. Freeland, run out 0
E. H. Gilbert, b. Usher 1
0. Loblein, c. Usher 13
H. Pitman, b. Usher 4
G. Bulford, run out 1
H. B. Powell, run out 1
J. H. Patterson, run out 1
L. Loblein, not out 1
C. Pitman, b. Usher 1
Byes 5
IWides 1


1st Innings.VITORS
C. Hamilton, b. Gilbert 0
H. Onions, run out 0
W. Young, b. Gilbert 14
H. Usher, b. Gilbert 2
F. Simms, c. Paterson 0
B. Barritt, b. Freeland 1
G. Hamilton, b. Gilbert 2
A. Burnet, b. Freeland 4
R. Roberts, c. Pitman 5
J. Simms, run out 0
C. Carson, not out 0
Byes 7

Total.... 35

b. Young
b. Young
c. Usher
c. Simms
b. Simms
b. Usher
c. Hamilt
run out
b. Usher
b. Simms
not out

2nd In
c. Gilbert
c. Tucker
b. Gilbert
b. Gilbert
b. Gilbert
c. Powell
b. Gilbert
c. Gilbert
b. Freelan
b. Freelan
b. Gilbert

On Saturday last a military demonstration of an
unusual character was practised by a portion of the
Garrison of St. Georges.
The idea was that the enemy had approached
the East end of the Island during the night, unob-
served, and lay to outside of Castle Harbour, and
at daybreak the troops were landed in boats on St.
David's Island. As soon as their presence became
known the Officer commanding the troops at St.
Georges gave orders for the whole available infan-
try to be embarked for St. David's Island, for the
purpose of holding the enemy in check, and, if pos-
sible, to drive them back and 'capture or destroy
their boats, while the Artillery manned the forts
around St. Georges.
The enemy were represented by some of the 1-19th
Regiment, under command of Lieut.-Col. Vigors,
and the defending force consisted of the remainder
of the 1-19th Regiment, under Lieut.-Col. Deane,
and a Battery of 20-pounder Armstrong guns, un-
der command of Lieut. Davenport, R.A., who took
up a splendid position on the heights near the Offi-
cers' Mess 1-19th Regiment, where a cutting in
the road formed a ready-made parapet, and from
whence the guns were able to play on the enemy,
and in this manner to cover the retreat of the de-
fenders, which was accomplished most effectually.
The enemy on landing took up their position on
the highest ridges on St. David's, overlooking St.
Georges Harbour. They appeared to be formed in
a semicircle, with their left resting on the harbor
near Mr. Roberts' house, and their right retired a
little and concealed.
As the defending troops approached the Island
in the flotilla of barges, boats and steamers, the
enemy opened a heavy and destructive fire on
them, and which was promptly returned from the
boats, who succeeded in effecting a landing, and on
finding they were in superior force to the enemy,
they drove them back on their boats on the South
side of the Island after an obstinate and protracted
attempt to maintain their hold of the Island; but
this was not effected until Colonel Deane had put
forth all his available strength. The enemy, how-
ever, were not at all inclined to allow matters to
remain in this position, but they abandoned their
boats and retreated Eastwards to where their main
body was to land, hotly pressed by the defenders and
altho' they made several stands at favorable points
on the ground, they were unable to maintain their
position till later on, when being largely reinforced
from their ships they renewed the attack with such
vigor that Lt.-Colonel Deane found it necessary to
withdraw, and at once made preparations for his
retreat on St. Georges by throwing out a double
line of skirmishers along the walls and'command-
ing ridges around the beach, where lay the boats
and steamers on which he had to depend for his
safety. The main body were embarked so rapidly
that the enemy were unable to do them much harm,
nor did they succeed in capturing the heights be-
fore the last of the defending force were embarking,
when they opened what appeared to be a most
fatal fire on the flotilla as it left the shore, still
covered by the Artillery from the opposite side of
the harbor and by a rapid and effective fire from
all the available boats.
The embarkations and disembarkations were ef-
fected in a rapid, orderly and businesslike manner,
without accident of any kind, which goes far to
shew that the discipline which is being continually
enforced and practised by the Commanding Officer
of the Regiment is having its desired effect, and
the 1-19thwill not be behind hand in the "Tug of
War" should they be called into active service.
The troops reached their Barrack between 5 and
6 p.m,

mary we gave some particulars of Sanford Flen.-
ing's Reports of Survey of this great public work in
the Dominion of Canada. We give in the Supple-
mentary Sheet which accompanies this issue, selec-
tions from Hon. Mr. Mackenzie's address in the
House of Commons, Ottawa, on the present condi-
tion of this work, which will doubtless be read with

weeks since our neighbour, Dr. Rees, sent us a basket
of the finest lot of onions of the silver kind we had
Seen this season, which we omitted to allude to. On
o Wednesday last we were forcibly reminded of this
omission by receiving from Mr. R. H. Duerden of
this town, two magnificent onions-one pink the other
white-weighing together three pounds, each measur-
ing eighteen inches in circumference-raised in the
garden of Mr. George Butterfield of this Parish,
from seed imported last year by Mr. Duerden. These
onions contradicted the opinion generally obtained
that the seed imported by Mr. Duerden did not head.

PHILADELPHIA, May 29.-The alterations to the
innings. State of California are progressing rapidly, and she
34 is gradually assuming all the warlike appearance of
0 a handsome and formidable corvette. She has been
12 pierced for six guns, and some of them are already
0 on deck. The Columbus sets lower in the water.
7 It is thought that both will be ready for departure
1 in less than a month. Six Russian officers arrived
on 3 in this city this evening, making in all twenty now
2 here. A conference was held at the St. George's
1 Hotel. Captain Gripenberg went to New York
3 this afternoon.
1 Another Steamer Bought.-It is stated to-night, on
Byes 12 good authority, that the agents of the Russian gov-
Wides 0 ernment have purchased from James E. Ward &
To Co. the iron steamship Saratoga, of the New York
Total.... 76 and Havana line, for a sum between $600,000 and
$700,000, and that she will be sent to Cramp's
yard in this city at once to be altered. The
ings.9 Saratoga was launched at Roach's yard at
0 Chester eleven months ago, and will be re-
0 membered as the vessel which started prema-
1 turely from the stocks just before being launched,
0 crushing to death seven men and wounding'several
4 others. Her length is 292 feet, width, 38 feet and
4 depth of hold, 26 feet. She is a very fast vessel,
0 making fifteen knots an hour, and will be a valuable
d 2 addition to the purchases already made in this city
d 0 by the Russians.
Byes 2 The opening of Barranquilla (Republic of Columbia)


The School boys won the match by 54 runs.
As the game was over about 4 p.m., they agreed
to play again, to be decided by a single innings.
The Victors" went in first and scored 80. The
School Boys scored 86, with only three wickets
down, viz:-W. Pitman, 16; G. Bulford, 2; W.
Freeland, 23; 0. Loblein, 29, not out; and E. H.
Gilbert, 16, not out.
This game was, therefore, decided in favour of
the School Boys.

The Russian Government has just concluded a
contract with the Russian National Provision Com-
pany" for immediate supply of 9,500,000 portions of
preserved food, and also for 7,500,000 annually du-
ring the next three years. Six torpedo boats, com-
pleted in France, were seized as contraband of war
while on the way to Russia through Austria. Russian
orders for railway rolling stock have lately been sent
in to Belgian houses in considerable quantities for
prompt delivery. Among them wag one for 400
third-class carriages for the transport of troops. The
Vienna Neue Freie Presse states that the Russians
are having a hundred torpedo boats built on the
model of one which they purchased in England, but
no part of the order has come to this country, as in-
ternational complications might hinder its fulfillment

as a port, via the Bocas de Cenizas at the mouth of
Magdelana, has already given a decided impulse to the
cattle trade. Large numbers have already been ship.
ped, especially to Cuba, and some ten thousand head
have been contracted for. Of course this has had its
effect on prices, and young cattle, bringing $24 a
head six months ago, now sell readily for $32. Since
the Bocas have been practicable (August, 1877),
thirty-one vessels have entered the river, thirteen of
them steamers, being a total of about sixteen thou-
sand four hundred tons. We are glad to note these
evidences of progress in the South American States.
-American Mail for May.
I hear the Board of Trade is to be appealed to
with a view to compel every vessel to carry on board
a certain quantity of brandy or other stimulant, to be
used as restoratives in case of necessity. This arises
on account of the great need for them shown in the
rescue of the survivors from the Eurydice by the
schooner Emma, the master of which being a tem-
perance man, forbade any alcoholic liquors being in
his ship. It is believed by medical men that had
some spirits been on board the Emma, Lieut. Tabor
and the others who died after being taken out of the
water, might have recovered.

The Russia, of the Cunard line of steamers, left
New York on the 29th ult., on her 197th trip be-
tween that city and Liverpool.

( that Redif Pacha, former Minister of War and a
confederate of Mahmoud Damad, will succeed
Faud Pacha, and that Osman and Mukhtar Pachas
have been appointed to commands in Asia.
The Sultan's Clemency.-The Sultan has ordered
the reinstatement of ex-Sultan Murad at the
Teheregan Palace and the release of all of Ali
Suavi's accomplices.
Trouble with Montenegro.-A special to the Vienna
Political Correspondence from Cattaro says the Tur-
kish Governor of Scutari absolutely insists upon
the Montenegrins immediately evacuating the
strategical points near Podgoritza. The Montene.
grins are temporizing, but show no intention to
Strikers Yielding.-Both the weavers and spin.
ners of Macclesfield have agreed unconditionally to
return to work at the ten per cent :reduction dc-
manded by the cotton masters.

England and Russia Accept Invitations to the Confer-
ence-Attempt to Arrange Two Conferences.
LONDON, May 29.-The correspondent of the Te-
legram has just been informed, on the very best of
authority, that Russia and England have accepted
invitations to the Congress to be held in Berlin.
Previous despatches fixing it at June 11 are prema-
ture, as the preliminaries are still under discussion.
How Diplomatists Work.-Both sides are exhibit-
ing a lively desire to arrive at some conclusion,
and there are many apparent efforts being put forth
to that end, but there are reasons for believing that
this is only an assumed air, and while the diplo-
mats are lavish with their honeyed words of peace
there is no *real wish to compromise existing rela-
S,,-,. h and Fencing.-The bargaining and fenc-
ing over trifling points of etiquette and minor de-
tail are as desperate as on the main points upon
which the destiny of nations hinges, and even the
places and date of meeting are bones of contention.
Attempt to Arrange Two Conferences.-At present
there is an attempt being made to arrange for two

Late from New Yo k and Elurope.

The Mail Steamer Bahama, Capt. Cowell, arrived
at her wharf in this Town about 11 a.m. yesterday
She left New York at 10 a.m. of Thursday last.
The Bahama had bad weather both on her passage
to New York and on her return-particularly on
Sunday evening last.
We are indebted to Mr. Purser Strake, Mr. Da-
vidson, First Engineer, Mr. Fitch, Porter, and Mr.
Bidell, Steward, for New York papers of the 30th
Gold in New York on 30th, 101i.
Shares, Delaware and Hudson Canal, 564.
co, May 29.-A Victoria despatch says :-Colonel
Crown, Commandant at the School of Gunnery in
Ontario, has arrived to superintend the erection of
fortifications for the protection of Esquimault and
Victoria. Young men are volunteering for the
artillery service.

The Czar Hopeful of Peace-Public Feeling in Eng-
land Less Sanguine-Austrian Dissatisfaction-
Preparations in view of a Failure of the Congress.
LONDON, May 30.-The N. Y. Herald correspon-
dent in St. Petersburg telegraphs under date of
yesterday as follows:-
Prince Gortschakoff is still in a delicate state
of health and occasionally suffers much. Notwith-
standing his sufferings, however, he had himself
carried into his study to-day. He still takes a
keen interest in public affairs and watches the pro-
gress of the negotiations almost as closely as when
in gord health.
The Emperor has evidently made up his mind
that there is good ground for the hope of a peaceful
soluti n as a result of the negotiations now pend-
ing. He has given orders to prepare a grand the-
atrical representation to take place on the procla-
matio n of peace and in honor of that event."
Growing Hopes of Peace.-The semi-official Jour-
nal de St. Petersburg expresses satisfaction at the
progress made toward the assembling of the Con-
gress and the establishment of an understanding,
and adlds:-" Although in view of the existence of
a war party in Constantinople, Pesth and London,
some reserve is still necessary, yet every day tends
to promote a peaceful settlement."
Invitations to the Congress.-The Pall Mall Ga-
zette's Berlin correspondent states that the formal
invitations to attend the Congress will be issued as
soon as all the Powers have answered the informal
communications in regard to the date and other
particulars of the meeting.
Is this the Programme.-A telegram from St. Pe-
tersburg gives the following as the programme of
the Congress:-"The Congress will immediately
upon meeting at Berlin determine the basis of a
treaty of peace and the regulations concerning its
execution. It will organize several local commis-
sions to define boundaries, &c., the commissioners
being appointed and instructed by a conference of
ambassadors resident at Constantinople. It is ex-
pected that the session of the Congress will be
Is Austria Dissatisfied.-No doubt is expressed in
any quarter about the assembling of the Congress.
The only unpleasant feature of yesterday's news is
in the direction of Austria, for although Count An-
drassy had been all along persistently in favor of a
European settlement in Congress his utterances
now and the Austrian preparations are creating un-
What if the Congress Fails.-Then, again, the Con.
gress might fail, when Austria must be prepared to
look the facts in the face.
Preparing for all Emergencies.-Iron-clad squads.
rons have been ordered to the coasts of Albania and
Macedonia. The military occupation of the line of
the Orsova Railway is in progress, and the occupa-
tion and fortification of the Carpathian passes are
accomplished facts. Great activity prevails on the
Dalmatian frontier.
Russian Reticence.-The Russian semi-official
press has not heretofore taken notice of Austria's
uneasiness except that the Agence Russe and the
Journal de St. Petersburg stated that the Powers
had agreed to the occupation of Adakaleh and
that no inference might be drawn from this fact
in.the direction of the Austi'ian occupation of Bos-
nia, which is regarded as a strong hint that Rus-
' sia would not sanction the latter measure.
Bismarck's Organ Friendly.-The semi-official
North German Gazette does not adopt this tone.
On the contrary, it advocates the formation of in-
dependent principalities out of Turkey's European
provinces under a direct Austrian protectorate.
The relations of the North German Gazette with
Prince Bismarck causes attention to be drawn to
this suggestion.
The thin endof the Wedge.-The Times continues
to dwell on the necessity of British protectorate
for Turkey in Asia.
British Interests Require It.-The Pall Mall Gaz-
ette, in its leading editorial on Tuesday, took the
same ground, and argued that such a protectorate
was absolutely necessary in the interest of future
peace. The Gazette has hitherto rejected every sug.
gestion of infringement on Turkish independence;
Turkish Cabinet Changes.-It was reported in Con-
stantinople yesterday, simultaneously with the
changes in the government already announced,



__ _ __I.w

Conferences, the first a military conventi-
ich the simultaneous withdrawal of both
n and British forces will be the subject
debate, and the other to be held in the
or the purpose of revising all existing treaties.
Hope Deferred.-The hopes that there will be a
conference are high, but shrewd observers and those
best informed in political circles think that the pro-
babilities of a definite settlement are on the decline.

A Supplement of Seven
Columns accompanies this issue of
p the Gazette." It contains :
3 Proceedings of Her Majesly's Legislative
'Council on the 28th and 31st ultimo,
T1 e Proceedings of the Hon. House of Assembly on
the 81st ultimo,
The Communications of "Synod" and "Holiday
IIon. Mr. Mackenzie's address in the Dominion
Parliament on the subject of the Pacific Rail-
Lines on the Loss of H. M. S. Eurydice,"
Responsible Officers of Government in the Barbados
House of Assembly.
DIED, in this Town, on Friday morning last, 31st
May, after a painful illness, Mr. JOHN WILLIAM AD-
KINS, a native of London, England, in the 32nd year of
his age; leaving a widow and three children to mourn
their loss.
.......... at Woodhill, Hamilton, Bermuda, on the 1st
instant, after a long and painful illness, CATHERINE,
the beloved wife of Mr. Thomas Grier, aged 59 years.
The deceased was a native of the North of Ireland. She
leaves a husband, one son, three daughters, two grand-
children, one sister, and other relatives and friends to
mourn their loss.-Londonderry Sentinel, Please Copy.

For Demerara.

The Fine Clipper Schooner
".1 t. ayford,"
F. H. DICKEY, Master,
Is now expected from New York and will sail as
above on or about
Tuesday next, I Ith in-
stant. I
Parties who have engaged Freight room in
this Vessel can deposit their Produce under the
Shed opposite [my Stores.
For balance of Freight please make early ap-
plication. I
Hamilton, 4th June, 1878. *

WILL be paid for such information as will
lead to the Conviction of any Person
or Persons guilty of SCRIBLING OVER,
way Mutilating the WALLS Surrounding the
Property of the Undersigned on the Prospect
Road,. Fort Hamilton. This offer to stand in
force for one year from this date.
Upland Villa, June 3, 1878.-3


The Schr. lJI. "1'. POTTER"
may be.expected here about the 15th to the 20th
June next,
With an assorted Cargo of

Sizes suitable to almost every need, of this

Hamilton, 27th May, 1878.-3 3p
Gazette only.



Now hourly expected from New York will meet
with quick despatch on return trip.
For Freight or Passage please apply to
Hamilton, June 4, 1878.*

To Growers and Owners

IN consequence of the great increase in ship-
ments of Produce to New York since the
season of 1874, we deem it necessary to give
notice, that we are ready to give our personal
attention as usual to all Shipments of Bermuda
Produce for New York made through us, but
without being responsible for the net proceeds
until paid to our order in New York, which will
be given to, the New York Consignees for Sale,
by each vessel transporting a shipment.
When necessary to order Specie in return for
any shipment it will be insured at the expense
of the Owners interested, and Owners will
clearly understand that all the dangers of trans-
port are borne by them.
Hamilton, Bermuda, to 30th June 3
February 9, 1878. 30th June, 3p

For Sale.
Just arrived per Steamer


Fast in Carriige or under Saddle.
Api,ly to
V.eid Street, Hamilton, June 4, 1878S.
Reid Street, Hamilton, June 4, 18781*

BY AUCTION, Y AU CTI0 N, New York Mail Steamer.
_AMTHU0I- "iAI Thi Front of fthe Stores of-' heti --
-) -i "r -rATn the rndrsioied, The Steam Ship
i -yi _pt lu n T < r

L ~ ~ ~ v vvi~1I JV, Y

5th instant, About Noon,
n Barrels Corn MEAL
Bags BRAN and CORN
Boxes FIGS Hlf. Chests TEA
Laundry SOAP 20 Gross Fancy SOAP
&c., &c.
(Gents and Boys' Felt HATS
Under CLOTHING and other Dry GOODS
A New Row BOAT, &c.,
And whatever else may be offered.
Hamilton, June 4th, 1878.


Auction Sale

.M. cifsfalliHg takrd,

0 N FR I D A Y,
14th instant, At 12 o'clock M.
Cooks FAT or Skimmings, 1,141 Lbs.
Blue CLOTH, 2 Yds. DUCK, 230 Yds.
A Lot of Cart HARNESS
Mosquito CURTAINS, 3 CHAIRS, 38
Looking GLASSES, 3 LAMPS, 13
Some GLASS and CHINA, &c., &c.
A Lot of Table GLASS & CHINA
Private Property of Admiral Sir A. C. KEY
and Rear Admiral L. E. SOMERSET.
Consisting of:
PLATES, Dinner, Pie and Desert
&c., &c., &c.
Hamilton, June 3, 1878.

Wanted to Buy,
200 Barrels Second Size

Annlv tn

June 3, 1878.-1

St. George's.

For Sale.
An American Built

Leather Top,
Price 10
1 Carriage HARNESS for above
I Cedar Rowisa B IOdT,
16 feet keel, copper fastened,

&Yacht Gem,
About 2 Tons measurement, 12 years old,
Cedar Built, Copper Fastenings and Fittings
throughout; is now in splendid order, having
just been thoroughly overhauled. Sails fast and
is a good Sea Boat.
Cost when new with Fittings 50. Will
be Sold with Mast, Sail, and 500 lbs. Lead Bal-
last, &c., &c.,
Apply to,'.,OR 28.
Mangrove Bay, 28th May, 1878.-2 3p

By the Sir Geo. F.
At the Royal Gazette" Stationery
FOOLSCAP-plain, ruled, blue
Note PAPER-plain and ruled


and for

ENVELOPES-various sizes and patterns
INK-Carmine, red and black
PENCILS-lead-red, bluegreen and black
PENCILS-slate-in wood and common
Blotting PAPER-white and pink
CARDS-playing and visiting
Card BOARD, 23 x 32
India Rubber BALLS
&c., &c., &c.
S lamilton, June 4, 1878.


Gives over 6 quarts a day and would give
more if fed. Sold for no fault, owner in Gov-
ernment Service not allowed to keep but one
Hamilton, June 3, 1878.


Jewelry & Plated Ware
Advertised to take place on FRIDAY last
On account of the Unpropitious Weather, will
take place

On Thursday next,
The 6th inst. At 4 o'clock, P. M.
And on SATURDAY next, the 8th instant, at
12 M.
Purchases can be paid for and delivered as
soon as sold.
0r A small deposit will be required on all
Goods Purchased and left to be taken away
after the Sale.
Hamilton, June 3, 1878.



13th instant, At 3 o'clock, P. M.,
O0 .Jilboy's Point,
A Splendid Four Oared

Racing Shell,
With Sliding Seats, inrigged, in first rate
condition, has been very little used and weighs
about 130 lbs.
Her dimentions are; Length 37 feet, width
40 Inches, Depth 12 Inches.
The UBoat HOUSE,
As it now stands on Albuoy's Point, with the
Crib on which the Boat stands.
Hamilton, June 3, 1878.


Two Hundred Empty

Flour Barrels,
Round Hooped,
At One Shilling and Three Pence each.
For Sale by
Hamilton, May 29th, 1878.


fitHE Undersigned requests that all Persons
having received their ACCOUNTS from
him to 31st May ultimo, will please arrange
The Subscriber begs to acquaint some of
those that have allowed their Accounts to re-
main unsettled, for a length of time, that the
next reminder they receive will be from a legal
Reid St., Hamilton, Jane 3rd, 1878. |

Please Notice.

ALLPersons INDEBTED to the Undersigned
are respectfully requested to settle their
Accounts in full on or before 31st May, 1878.
ALL AMOUNTS remaining unpaid after that
date will be placed in legal hands for collection,
without any respect whatever.
Hamilton, Bermuda,
April 30th, 1878,-5_3p. 5

Captain COWELL,
Will leave hence for Grassy Bay

On Thursday next,
The 6th inst., at 12 o'clock, M.,
50 ] S.S.F. FLOUR 10 Do. Rye DO..
4 Bls. Mess PORK
10 Bls. Best CORN, 3- bushels each
25 Bags Damaged CORN, 2 bushels each
100 Bags BRAN, 100 lbs. each
100 Do. Do., 5 bushels each
Cream and Breakfast COCOA
15 Boxes English MUSTARD
100 Boxes Smoked HERRINGS
10 Boxes 3 lb. Tin PEACHES
5 Do. 3 1b. Do. APPLES
5 Do. Corn STARCH
6 Do. Diamond Glass STARCH
6 Do. Laundry STARCH
10 Do. Toilet SOAP, 3 Dozen each
8 Cases Corned BEEF, 10 lb. Tins
10 Do. Roast BEEF, 2 lbs. each
10 Bls. Green Jamaica GINGER
10 Do. Barbados and Demerara SUGAR
Tomato Box ENDS and LATHS
20 Bls. Basses London Bottled ALE, 3 dz. ea.
20 Tubs New York BUTTER
10 Kegs Do. Do. Do.
25 Bls. Halifax Eating POTATOES
6 Cases 1 lb. Tins OYSTERS
A. Very Superior Young

Milch COW,
Calf just off,

i- amilton,Kermuda,
4th June, 1878.

Parcels of Specie which arrived last time, an
unclaimed. Owners requested to present Bill
of Lading.
They are addressed "J. C. PEARM A M."
----'- -----

IIn line Theatre, Ireland Island,

June 11th, 1878.
2By Mr. W. A. Mount.
Treating of it as an Orb,-its features; size;
constituents; offices generally; as the cause of
colors in different substances; explaining the
method of spectrum analysis, &c., &c.
Various illustrations with revolving disc, fig-
ures and diagrams, will be exhibited.
Instrumental and vocal Music at Intervals,
during the Evening,
Doors opened at 8. Commence at 8-30 p.m.
TICKETS obtainable at the Spar Yard, of
MR. PITMAts and of Ma. VENN.
Proceeds to be given to the Sailors' and .Ma.
rines' Club.
Reserved Seats.. s,......
Unreserved ................ 6d.
Gallery ...........d
Ireland Island, June 4th, 1878.-i1


L U M B E R.1

Expects to Receive,
In Assorted Sizes,
Scantling and Flooring,
On or about 1st JULY.
From late Importations,

The above wil be Sold at low rates to CASH
4th June, 1878.

For Rent,
That Pleasantly Located

On Reid Street, known as ROCKLAND,
Now in the occupation of Honorable R.E. Web-
Possession can be given on 1st July Proximo.

Apply to

Front Street, Hamilton.

Juno 3rd, 1878.-3

In this Town, a very desirable Two Story

Pleasantly situated.

Also, for Sale, a Superior Walnut
Bed Room Suit
with Springs and Mattress.
Hamilton, June 3, 1878. 3 t d
No, 1 West Front Street. 3 t. pd.

Canton, Rosa Corbusier, E;'zi Clerk, Solomon
Cole, Daniel Come, Vieira Cabeca, Antonio de
Costa, R J P Darrell, Wm B DeGarmo, Henry Dar-
rell, Charles Darrell, Mrs Joseph Dunne, Mrs Dun-
nish, Margaret Darrell, Joseph Friswell, John Fow-
ler, Joseph Hinson, Mr Hammond, Nathaniel
Hayward, Edward lIngham, Charles B Ingham, Rev
Mark James, Alex Jones, C J Johansen, C P Jem-
mett, Henry James, Joze Luiz, Jane Lusher, Charley
Lundell, Rev R Miller, Joze Mariante, Richard Mun-
ro, Philip A Moore, Eliza Nesvman, A Outerbridge,
Alex M Oudney, J Peterson, Michado de Aievado
Peieira, A Pickford, Wm N Pitt, H Pearman, Fran-
ces Place, Charles Robinson (Spanish Point,) Os-
mond Robinson, James Rayner, A H Robinson, Dr
C W T Smith, W J Simons, Mrs Alfred Smith
(Tuckers Town,) Rosanna Smith, Henry Swan, Hans
P Simonson, Mrs F Smith, R Swan, Jquacio da
Silva, James Swan, Park B Tucker, Clarissa Tuck-
er, Ruthann Tucker, C Tucker, S Tucker, Hon G S
Tucker, Sarah Talbot, Rodrigues Thorne, Mrs
Naihai iel Vesey, Mrs M A Vincent, Harriet L
Vickers, Wm H White, A Wilson, Jno Wilson,
Letitia Williams, Mr Wilson (Shoemaker,) Miss C E
Post Office, Hamilton, June 3, 1878.
MAILS FOR ENGLAND, United States and Do-
minion of Canada, per Steamer Bahama," Close
at the Post Office, Hamilton, ON THURSDAY
NEXT, at ten, a.m. Correspondence received in
the Forenoon Mails will be in time.
FICE, ST. .,. RGE, 3rd June, 1878.
Miss It Bruce, J Isaac .:'i, Harricl E Beer, Mrs
E Brown, Henry B .. ...', Jost...' Harvey, H T
HIayward, Charlotte Jo; ) '.- Thomas
John Lamb, McCallan & CGo, Hai.y .,': lan, John
Outerbridge, Richard Paynter, J A Richazd-on, J
Nath Richardson, Benj F Smith, S Tucker, Cather-
ine R Trott,

umus~ NEW~r-- I- --

at 11 a.m.,

6th June,
And there will await the Boat with Mails to
leave here at I p.m., and will proceed on
her Voyage to-ward New York duringi5
the afternoon.
To leave thence for return on
THURSDAY. 13th inst.
Passengers are requested to be on board here
prior to 10-30 a.m., at which time the stages will
be removed.
All MAILS to close at the Post Office at 10
a.m., 6th.
Specie and P'arcel List to close at 6 p.m. 5th.
Receipting for produce will be continued nntil
6 p.m. 5th' unless the Vessel is previously filled
and Bills of Lading will be signed until 10 a.m.
Warehouse to be cleared on 8th June.
fBarrels Potatoes ............each 60e.
,Onions ..................per Box 256.
Boxes Tomatoes............ each 1 c.
Crates Tomatoes...........each 30c.
*I .... -1 -- 11 .... -

Colonial S ,,-: ,', fy's Office,
JUNE 1ST, 1878.
THE following notice is published for gen-
eral information.
By his Excellency's Command,
Colonial Secretary.

Mails for Bermuda via
St. Thomas.
(Amended Notice in substitution for that is-
sued in January last.)
In addition to the Mails for Bermuda for-
warded from this Country by way of Queens-
town and Halifax, a Mail for Bermuda will be
made up for transmission to St. Thomas by
the West India Packets appointed to leave
Southampton on the following dates, viz :
2nd May, 1878.
3rd June,
2nd July,
2nd August,
17th October,
18th November, "
17th December,
In the ordinary course the Mails so for-
warded will arrive at St. Thomas in time to
go on by the Branch Packet for Halifax, which
touches at Bermuda, and the correspondence
will reach its destination earlier than corres-
pondence forwarded by the next despatch vif
Letters, &c., for Bermuda, intended to be
forwarded by the West India Packets must
be specially addressed via St. Thomas."
April, 1878.

HAMILTON, 31st May, 1878
ITENDERS will be received o
up to 12 o'clock, Noon,
The 13th doy of June,
From persons desirous of PURCHASING the

Now lying in Hamilton Harbour.
Forms of Tender and all information can be
obtained at the above Office daily, between the
hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.
Tenders must be addressed to the Comins-
outside "Tender for Bluebird."
2 Corny. General of Ordnance.
P ^^ R

Commissariat Office,
HAMILTON, BERMUDA, 3rd June, 1878.
receive TENDERS in duplicate up to 12
o'clock, Noon,

The 24th Day of June, 1878,
From persons willing to enter into
Contract to Remove and Purchase the

Saturated Soil,
From the Dry Earth Closets at Prospect and
Hamilton and the vicinity.
The Contract to remain in force from 1st
September next, to the 31st March, 1880.
Forms of Tender and all information can
be obtained on application at the above Office
daily, between the hours of 10 o'clock a.m. and
2 p.m.
erves the right of rejecting any or all the
Tenders. 3
Unclaimed Lelters..
Silveira de Amaral, Nelson Atwood, Richard At.
wood, Robert Beddingfie Id, Mrs Frances Butterfield,
Richard H Barneg, William Brown, Richard Ben.
nett, Joseph Basden, Roza Bittancurte, Mrs Wm


ii,' Y~A

EXTE..'.T from :'1 -' )ROLOGICAL 0' -
VATIONS taken under the direction of the Principal
M.-;l'.aii O'..-:', Prospect, Bermuda. Above the sea
151 feet.




9 a.m.


T1i p-imu 'h.r previous
24 hours. Ra



0 0
131 l' .'.1'4
146-6 51-4
143-6 46-0
1:2"r' 53,4
1.3 : 47-8
41 *-i 530
128-4 57-8

Two Mexican Rivals Enliven the Proceedings at a
(From the San Francisco Chronicle.)
A Mexican exchange contains a lengthy account
of a terrible love tia-y.d, which recently occuri'ed
at Guadalajara, capital of the State of Ja~isco. We
condense the facts as follows : i
A young, beautiful, and wealthy widow had
two suitors, the one being a talented medical stu-
dent, and the other a dry-goods clerk. The former
though graciously looked upon as a friend, met seve-
ral reverses as a lover, and finally, for reasons not
made public, was prohibited from calling upon the
beautiful bereaved widow. The dry-goods clerk, on
the contrary, was an Adonis ever warmly received
by his Venus. His hopes of gaining the heart and
hand of his idol increased daily and attracted pub-
lic attention. This produced ferocious jealousy
and desperation in the mind of the more unfortun-
ate rival.
One day, a Friday (supposed to be an evil day in
the calendar of gossips), the widow threw open her
residence for the reception of friends. The attend-
ance was large, and composed of the aristocracy of
Guadalajara, the second city of the republic in cul-
ture, taste and refinement. A grand ball followed
the reception, and the finest music floated forth its
harmony, to make the affair as delicious as it was
brilliant. Among those present were the young
medical student and the dry-goods clerk, the latter
having considerable local fame as a poet. During
the dizzy waltzes, the student observed that his
rival was the partner of the charming widow, a fact
which intensified his jealousy. Unable to control
himself the disciple of Esculapius startled the as-
semblage by insulting in the most elegant manner
the dry goods clerk, and followed this by challeng-
ing him to a duel there and then.
The man of tape instantly accepted the challenge
and, being prepared for emergencies, the duel took
place without unnecessary ceremony. The princi-
pals selected their seconds, and, walking into the
patio or court-yard of the residence of the widow,
commenced their deadly work. The first shot of
the dry goods clerk was fatal, as was that of the
medical student. Both were mortally wounded,
and expired in a few moments.
The affair was conducted in such a cool and busi-
ness-like way that the assemblage could scarcely
believe anything bad happened until they saw the
two dead bodies lying in the patio. The woman
in the case, beholding the terrible sight of which
she was the prime cause, burst into tears and ex-
claimed : "My God pardon me; I am innocent."

(From the Liverpool, G.B., Post, April 26.)
The Allan Steamer Sardinian, from Halifax,
Nova Scotia, which arrived at Liverpool on Mon-
day morning, brought with her two young lads,
Richard and Philip Valot, eleven and twelve years
old, respectively, who hbad found their way to Eng-
land under the extraordinary circumstances stated
below. The lads belong to Montreal, and the de-
sertion of their father and subsequent death of
their mother left them destitute. They were re-
ceived into St. Patrick's Home at Montreal, until
they were sent for by their grandmother at Halifax.
The Fathers of the Home sent them off by the train
which conveyed the passengers for the Sardinian,
placing them under the protection of the conductor.
The large number of passengers, however, and the
consequent confusion, seemed to have so occupied
the attention of this official that he was neglectful
of his charge, and the two boys "going in the
swim," were soon on board the Sardinian. They
had a vague idea of having to cross a ferry at Hal-
ifax and meant no di'i -spect. when they took the
stately liner Sardinian for an unpretending ferry
boat. This "ferry," however, proved unusually
broad, and very soon attention was directed to the
two poor lads, who crouched on deck, looking very
much scared and distressed. Their history was
soon told, but as the pilot had left there was noth-
ing for it but to give them a trip across the Atlan-
tic. The helpless condition of the two poor waifs
attracted general sympathy, and Captain Dutton
placed them in charge of the stewardess, under
whose motherly care they were soon lively and com-
fortable. The bracing Atlantic breezes, and the
kindly attention of the passengers and crew had a
wonderful effect on the two, and they arrived in
England in excellent health and spirits. Here they
were comfortably lodged and rigged out by Messrs.
Allan Brothers, who will provide for them until
the 80th, when they will be sent back to Halitax
by the Steamer Nova Scotian. In the meantime
the firm sent a cable message to their agents at
Halifax to acquaint the no doubt disconsolate
grandmother ot the safety of her lost boys.

For Sale.

2 Carriages, 2 Drays,
And other Farming IMPLEMENTS.
1 Handsome

Fit for general work.
Apply to
Warwick, East, May 14, 1878.


For Rent,
In this Town,
mfortable and Conveniently Situated
STwo Story
IDwelling IIOUS ,,
Furnished or Unfurnished,
pi. at tiLe "Royal Gazette" Office.
ton, March 12th, 1678.

-wONT fail to seethe .mifu! Silver LOCK-
at CIIILD'S.-3-

Ex. "ROVER,"

Yellow Vacuum-pan-in Barrels
White Vacuum-pan do,
Muscovado, in Barrels
At Low !a-tio for CASH.
Hamilton, 25th February, 1878.

R. W. Ha"n'ard 4* Co.,
General Shipping antd

New York.


-=- 4- r -I
Solicited to above address and forwarded free of
Consul's Certificate.
Highest Market Rates :,minated, and Re-
turns promptly made.
Cash payable in Bermuda or New York at
Shipper's option.
F. D. S. NASH,
61 Front Stieet.
Hlamilton, February 25, 1878-tf

To Farmers and Shippers of

I AVING had several years experience in this
1 line of business, I desire to continue in
the same during the coming Crop Season, and
respectfully solicit any cir.,ignmin,,ts you may
forward to this Market. I will endeavour to
realize the highest Market prices, render Sales
and Remittances promptly.
Of llamilton,-Bermuda,
Will attend to receiving and invoicing all Con-
signments for me, and will give all information
necessary for benefit of Shippers.
I remain, your, &c.,
With Messrs. O'Connor & Judge,
42 & 43 Vesey Street,
5m New York.

. Emilius Outerbridge
Shipping and Como mission
S7.. C7 7 T
Agents for NEW YORK.
Quebec & Gulf Ports S. S. Co.,
SNew York and West India Division.
Jany. 7, 1878.

-i --. ]] .,^. s.+ g
46 6 48 Eroad Av. West, Wash-
ington aJlarket, .A.Y.
'l'HE Undersigned represents this Season in
Bermuda the above house. Consignments
of PRODUCE solicited, f,.r which he can as-
sure highest market rates a-d prompt returns.
C. S. Whitter's, 2 doors West of
Gazette" Of(icc.
March 26, 1878.-tf




& Spencer,

306 Washington Street,
All persons desirous of shipping to the above
address will be afforded every accommodation
by applying to our Agent,
Reid Street, Hlamilton.
Berinuda, January 28, 1878.
Be. Produce.
B.muda Produce.


ft i, a<

and Shippers desirous
to Consign

West Washington Market,

WVill h.ive every facility afforded them during
the coming season, by
Office, Queen Street, Ilamilton.
March 18th, 1878.-tf.

For Knt.

That very Desirable and
niently Situated


SDwelling l OUSE,
In Reid Street, Hamilton, known as ST'ONE
IIAVEN," with Stables, Coach House, &c.

Apply to


January 29th, 1878.

On Thursday last, 16th instant, on the Front
Street, Hamilton,

One with an engraved plate the other a chased
Any person finding same and I. vig them at
" Royal Gazette" Office, will be suitably re-
lHamilton, May 21st, 1878.

C3 0


w Vca





M 20




North of Trinity Church,

James Heney,

Commission Agent,

'Theodore Outerbridge,

Reid Street, West of Royal Gazette" Office.
Office Hours-10 to 12 and I to 4.
Will Visit St. Georges, Tuesdays and Fii-
Orders Promptly Attended to.
Hamilton, October 26tb, 1876.

F.A.A., D.S.,

H A. GRANTHAM has only a few ounces
left. Those who wish to purchase had better
lose no time in doing so.

Just received per S. S. General Meade,"
May 6th, 1878.* Reid Street.

A are Chance of Spoec-
1 have been favored with Instruc-
tions to Sell,
SV, ,ry a a :Property
Known as

Waders Green,
At the Caicos Islands.
This desirable Freehold consists of about
1,800 acres of Land, a Large Dwelling, three
Out Houses, and quite a number of Fruit and
other Trees. About one half of the Land is not
only Arable, but very productive, (the other por-
tion is good Grazing Land), the whole of it has
a good enclosure and will be sold at a very low
figure, and on accommodating terms.
For further particulars apply to
I hmiiton, May 6, 18178.


rg'HE UNDERSIGNED requests all Persons
who are Indebted to him to pay their res-
pective Amounts on or before the 30th June,
all unsettled Accounts after that date will be
placed in legal hands for collection.
Hamilton, Vlay 6, 1878.

ALONZO PENISTON has made arrange-
ments for obtaining a quantity of the

Which he expects to receive in Septemberr next
Persons can engage the same by applying to
the Subscriber or to
JOHN ZUILL, Somerset.
A. J. HOI)SDON, Hamilton.
W. 0. NORTHi, Bailey's Bay.
The Undersigned will also take this opportu-
nity of informing his Friends and the Public
generally, that he is now prepared to give his
personal attention to the Consignment of

o Messrs. M. occk & .,
And will assure all that he will do every thing
in his power to promote the welfare of those
that favor him with Consignments.
Ilamilton, Jany. 22nd, 1878.

R V 7 I T *A.
Steam Mlarble 4f Gran-
ite WORKS,
z A 4 ( V. x ,
Argyle Street, opposite St. Paul's Church.

Grave MARKS in polished Granite or Marble
Marble Mantel Register GRATES, &c., &c.
Designs and Prices may be obtained from
W. T'. JAMES, Esqr., Front St., Hamilton,
Bermuda. 6mn

Islands, a Saving is effected to the In-urI.d
of the Stamp Duly, a very considerable item.
RISKS taken both on REAL and PERSONAL
PROPERTY for 3, 6 or 12 months.
No FEES and no CHAiGE for Policies.
t Septeber 9th, 1856. Agent.
iLta:niton, September 9th, 1856.

.iL'!J.71JYVCK-JUN E, 1878.

ja ^ SUN.
o <
g ris. sets.
- ----
4 Tu 4 58 6 58
5 We 4 58 6 b8
6 Th 4 58 6 59
.7 Frij4 58 7 0
8 Sat 4 58 7 0
9 Z 4 58 7 0
10 Mo 4 58 7 0

4 10

7 1
8 1
1 9 2
10 3



6 FstQrllh3a5mp.m.
42. Pentecost-- Whit
301 [S-m"ay.

THE BERMUDA OPAL G.(tAE 'Ir is published
every Tuesday by DONALD M'PuEIE LEE,
IPrinter to the Queen'- 'le,:i Excellcnt
M aesty,
North-west Corner of Reid and Burnaby Sireels,
where Blanks, Hand-bills, &c., will be
printed at the shortest notice.-Agent
at St. Georges for the Royal Ga=elle,
JAMES THIES, Esqr., Post Master General.

Exchange on New York.

Gold Drafts,
Payable at Sight.-Apply to
Hamilton, 7th May, 1878.
CALL at 46 and 47 Front Street and see the
Choice assortment of CIGARETTES and

To All whom it may

I HEREBY give Notice that I have been
appointed AGENT AND ATTORNEY for
the Board of Underwriters of New Orleans, and
will from this Date, represent the Interests of
the following Companies,-Vizt, :
New Orleans Mutual Insurance Company,
Crescent do. do. do.
Merchants do. do. do.
Sun do. do. do.
Union Insurance Company,
Hope do. (do.
Hibernia do. do.
Factors and Traders Insurance Company,
Tentonia Insurance Company,
New Orleans Insurance Association,
Peoples' Insurance Company,
Mechanics and Traders Insurance Company.
Agent for the sev ra! Boards of Under-
writers for Ne%% York, Boston,
Baltimore and Philadelphia, &c., &c., &c.
St. George's, Bermuda,
,1st January, 1378.

Barristers-at-Law, &c.
,'TliE Subscribers have this day entered into
Co-partnership as
Attorneys, Solicitors, Notaries,
The business will be conducted under the style
and firm of
OFFICES-166 Hollis Street, over the offices
of Messrs. Almon & Mackintosh.
Halifax, Ist. Feby, 1678.

FA v I
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
English and American Preserved

Nos. 10 and 12 Queen Street,
Hamilton, Bermuda.
N. B.-Ships' Stores Supplied at Lowest
February 18th, 1878.-12'm




OxG ZEFT T'--c

- --------


United States Jlail Steamers.

1O ( f0R ?7 09EL,
NEVADA sails May 7, at 9 a.m.
WYOMING sails May 14, at 3 p.m.
IDAHO sails May 21, at 9 a.m.
MONTANA sails May 28, at 2 p.m.
WISCONSIN sails June 4, at 8 a.m.
NEVADA sails June 11, at 2 p.m.
WYOlMING sails June 18, at 8 a.m.
IDAHO sails June 25, at I p.m.
The above Steamers are built expressly for
the Trade, have five watertight bulkheads, and
carry experienced Officers, Surgeons and Stew-
ardesses. The Saloon Accommodations are un-
surpassed by any Atlantic Steamers, and the
State Rooms are on main de,.k openin"r into the
Saloon, thus securing that great comfort in
ocean travel, perfect ventilation and light.
Smoking Room, Bath Room and Piano on
each Steamer.
The U. S. Mail Steamer "Caniila"'from Ber.
muda, Thursdays, generally arrives at New York
on Mdondays, and Passengers' baggage can lie
transferred direct to the Liverpool Steamer sail-
ing next day.
29 Broadway, New York.
New York, April 25, 1878.

Empty Barrels.

Round lio. Ce.1 Flour and 1leal

For Sale by
St. George, Ber.: wl, till June 30
April 22, 1878. Jue 30

3- AIV~it? FA- XTT1- N -_4O

celebrated for nearly a century past, is of th very
. best English manufacture. For its parity and great
excellence it has obtained the following
LONDON, 1862. PARIS, 1867. C,--INOVA, 1872
LIMA, 1872. VIENNA, 1873.
For the Handkerchief,
White Rose, Frangipanne, Ylang Ylang, Stophano..
tis, Opopanax, Jockey Club, Ess. Bouquet
Trevol, Magnolia, Jasmin, Wood Vio-
let. And all other odours, of the
finest quality only.
3tkinson's Florida Water
A most fragrant Perfume, d;(siilod from the choicest
A very refreshing Wash which stimulates the skiu
to a healthy action and promotes the growth of the
A powerful Perfume distilled from the fit-.ia flinwers
And other specialities and general articles of Per.
fumery may be obtained of all dealers throughout
the World, and of the .Manufacturers

CAUTION.-Mesrss. J. & E. ATKINSON manu-
facture their articles of one and the best quality only
I'urchasers are cautioned to avoid counterfeitlby
observing that each article is labelled with the Firm
Trade ~1:,i!k,'a White Ruse on a Golden Lyre,"
printed in seven colours.

Can be obtained from the
of London,
One of the lorgest Established and Wealthie-t
Offices in Great Britain.
Through the BRANCH OFFICE in the-o



Supplement to the tiermu

!Xr-lffk Arff& .fL -U- L- -- .- -:- ----U-U.- --- - ,X- I


proceedings of the Honorable Leg-
p islative Council.
Tuesday, 28th May, 1878.-Pursuant to adjourn-
ment the House met.
Present-His Honor Josiah Rees, Chief Justice,
The Honorable William H. Gosling,
James H. Trimingham,
6" Eugenius Harvey,
Joseph H. Harvey,
James Tucker, Recr. Genl.,
Randal E. Webster, Colonial
The following message from His Excellency the
Governor, was delivered by the Colonial Secre-
tary :-
(No. 1.)
Major General,
Governor and Commander-in- Chief.
The Governor has the honor to inform the Hon-
orable Legislative Council that he will receive their
Address in answer to his Speech at 11-30 a.m. on
Tuesday next, the 28th inst.
Mount Langton, 27th May, 1878.
At the appointed time His Excellency the Go-
vernor entered the Council Chamber, when the
Council presented the following Address to His
Excellency in reply to his Speech:-
To which His Excellency was pleased to reply as
follows :-
The following messages from His Excellency the
Governor, were presented by His Excellency's Pri-
vate Secretary:-
(No. 2.)
Major General,
Governor and Commander-in-Chief.
The Governor has the honor to forward, for the
information of the Honorable Legislative Council,
a Copy of the Blue Book for 1877.
Mount Langton, 27th May, 1878.
(No. 3.)
Major General,
Governor and Commander-in-Chief.
The Governor has the honor to lay before the
Honorable the Legislative Council the Report of
the Medical Superintendent of the Lunatic Asylum
for the year 1877.
Mount Langton, 27th May, 1878.
(No. 4.)
Major General,
Governor and Commander-in- Chief.
The Governor has the honor to lay before the
Honorable the Legislative Council the Accounts of
the Post Office Department for the year ending 31st
March, 1878, accompanied by the Report of the
Post Master General.
Mount Langton, 27th May, 1878.
(No. 5.)
Major General,
Governor and Commander. in- Chief.
The Governor has the honor to lay before the
Honorable the Legislative Council, a communica-
tion from the Agents of the Quebec and Gulf Ports
Company in Bermuda, applying for payment of the
amount due to the Owners of the Steamer Canima
for services rendered in Mail transport between the
28th June, 1877, and 2nd November, 1877, while
that vessel was rdunaing without a subsidy.
Mount Langton, 27th May, 1878.
(No. 6.)
Major General,
Governor and Commander-in-Chief.
The Governor has the honor to lay before the
Honorable the Legislative Council the Reports of
the Committee appointed to examine the Post Mas-
ter General's accounts for the Quarters ending 31st
December, 1877, and 31st March, 1878.
Mount Langton, 27th May, 1878.

arrears due on current services for quarter ending l
31st March 650, and salaries due for the quarter e
ending 31st March 2,390 16/8 making a total lia-
bilities of 8,656 6/10 against assets 8,220 6/11
shewing that the Treasury was in debt on 31st
March last, to the extent of 435 19/11.
The Revenue for the present June quarter has
been estimated from the receipts of former quarters
at 6,800 and of that sum it is anticipated that on "
the 30th June next there will remain in the Trea-
sury a balance of 3,690 6/9 after having provided
for the payment of all claims and salaries and other
liabilities of the year ending 30th June, 1878, with
the exception of a balance of the Treasury liabilities
on former resolves which will remain still unpaid
and which will amount to 1526 6/8 which, being
deducted from the aforesaid balance credit of
3,690 6/9, will leave a sum of 2,164 0/1 as the
net balance which will remain to the credit of the
Colony on the 1st July, 1878. If the Legislature
sanctions the Expenditure proposed in these Esti-
mates and makes no change in the Customs Tariff
and the Revenue prove no better than is set forth
in the Estimate of Revenue there will be an excess
of Expenditure over Revenue for the twelve months
ending 30th June, 1879, of 527 6/3 and the net
balance of 2,164 0/1 standing to the credit of the
Colony on the 1st July, 1878, will be reduced to
1,636 13/10 on the 1st July, 1879.
Mount Langton, 27th May, 1878.
Adjourned to Friday next, the 31st instant, at

Friday, May 31st, 1878.-Pursuant to adjourn-
ment the House met.
Present-His Honor Josiah Rees, Chief Justice,
The Honorable William H. Gosling,
4" James H. Trimingham,
Eugenius Harvey,
Joseph H. [larvey,
(" James Tucker, Recr. Genl.,
Randel E. Webster, Colonial
Secretary. J
Adjourned to Tuesday next, the 4th June, at


Abstract oj the Proceedings of the Honorable
House of Assembly.
Friday, 31st May.-The Attorney General intro-
duced a Bill to provide for the adjournment of the
Court of General Assize-which was read a first
On motion of the Attorney General the House
resumed in committee of the whole the consideration
of the subject of reporting the Debates of the House.
Mr. Harnett in the Chair.
The Attorney General moved "that a Committee
be appointed to ascertain from the Reporter for the
information of the House his wishes with res-
pect to continuing the present Contract, or discon-
tinuing it without the agreed notice, and the terms
on which he would resume the reporting in the
manner pursued prior to the Contract being en-
tered into, namely, publishing unofficially, and at
his own discretion, and on his own responsibility,
cotemporaneously with the Debates, condensed Re-
ports of the less important, and full Reports of the
more important debates, and being remunerated at
the :end of the Session for the Reports published"
by Resolution as formerly; and that it be an in-
struction to the Committee to report to the House
any mode of obtaining full reports to be published
cotemporaneously with the Debates which may be
found practicable."
Dr. Outerbridge moved that all after the word
notice' in the fifth line down to the word and' in
the fifteenth line be stricken out"-which was af-
Ayes 11-Messrs. T N Dill, R D Fraser, W J
I Frith, A J Frith, H G Hunt, T A Outerbridge, E
Peniston, C Peniston, J W Pearman, R Tynes, W
H Wilkinson.
Nays 8-Messrs. Speaker, N J Darrell, S B Gray
E H Gosling, S A Harvey, T D Middleton, S C
Outerbridge, J N Smith.
The House resumed and adopted the Resolution.
His Honor the Speaker appointed the Attorney
General, Mr. Dill and Mr. S. C. Outerbridge a
Committee for the purpose of the Resolution.
Adjourned to Monday next.

(No. 7.)
R. M. LAFFAN, For the Bermuda Royal Gazette.
Major General, --
Governor and Commander-in-Chief. BERMUDA CHURCH SOCIETY.
The Governor has the honor to lay before the The Royal Gazette, in two different portions of its
Honble. the Legislative Council detailed Estimates, issue of the 14th, gives an account of the meeting
prepared by the Honble. Receiver General and Co- of this Society on the 10th at the Court House,
lonial Secretary, showing the estimated Revenue with its Second Annual Report, and certain resolu-
and Expenditure for the financial year 1878-9, end- tions passed on the occasion. As no signature ap-
ing on the 30th June, 1 879. pears to either it is to be presumed that both are
The Estimate of Revenue has been based upon editorial, and the following remarks are intended
the reported receipts for the 3 preceding years. It to apply to them jointly. The Committee seem to
has been observed for the last three years that the be well satisfied with the work so far, and with
receipts from Customs duties have shown a steady their prospects, and feel confident of its final (?)
increase, having been 20,778 in 1875-6, 22,060 success for the objects for which the Society was
in 1876-7, and 25,233 in 1877-8, there is every formed, the supplying the Episcopate and Clergy
reason to hope that the receipts for 1878-9 will shew required to keep up the Churches in Bermuda, in
a similar increase, but as it would not be quite pru- the event of no further aid from the Legislature
dent to count upon such continued prosperity the after the expiration of the Clergy Bill in 1882.
Customs receipts for next year have been taken at The attendance was considered to be satisfactory
only 24,300, being about 900 under the receipts of for this busy season of gathering and exporting
the year ending 31st March, 1878, and owing to this crops, coupled with the fact that the Public Sports
prudent caution the total estimated revenue for the and other entertainments were going on at about
twelve months ending 30th June, 1879, has been the same time. It consisted of 12 (out of the 18)
taken at 27,257 15/0, whereas the Revenue actu- members of the Committee, with nearly as many
ally raised during the twelve months ending 31st ladies of their families, and some 18 gentlemen be-
March, 1878, amounted to 28,130 16/8. sides as the total representation of the Society
The estimated Expenditure for the year has also throughout the Colony.
been calculated on the experience of past years. The Report states that 237 subscriptions had
The abstract will shew that it has been divided into been paid," against 232 last year, an excess of 5,
25 heads of Expenditure or votes, of which the first being an average of nearly 1 for each 3 members of
24 vary but slightly in amount from the Expendit- the Committee for the past year. Investments had
ure incurred for the same services in the year end- been made of 600 the first year at 3-- g ct., and
ing 31st March, 1878; the only material differences 300 the second year in 3 P ct. consols arising
being an increased expense of about 300 under the doubtless from, or at any rate equivalent to
head of Gaols owing to an additional number of Special Donations from 10 parties.. .. 850
prisoners and to the necessity which has arisen for and from 10 Life Members........... 50
introducing hard labour in the Gaol at St. Georges,
and an increase of about 180 in the expenses of as recorded in the Report........... .900
the Lunatic Asylum, owing in a slight measure to leaving a balance in hand of 284 which with some
additions to salaries provided for by Legislation, few pounds for expenses will bring it up to about
but mainly to an increase in the number of patients 300 as the ordinary subscriptions for the two years.
under treatment. This in substance is the representation of 9,000
Under the head Board of Works, however, vote Episcopalians-not very flattering to the working
25, a considerable increase will be observed, the of the Society ad a significant commentary upon
necessity for which will be found set forth in the -our Church S em as compared with our neigh-
reports which the Board has appended to the esti- bours. The question presents itself, is the course
mates of the several works it has proposed. adopted by the Society such as to commend itself
If the Legislature sanction the Expenditure as to? the masses of the people, and to draw out their
set forth in these estimates and makes no changes sympathies and pecuniary aid, the building up of a
in the Custom House Tariff, it is estimated that the large endowment fund forthe supportof the Church ?
Revenue for the twelve months ending 30th June, *V.any believe that the formation of this Society
1879, will amount to 27,257 15/, whereas the Ex- together with the spirit manifested at the meeting
penditure is estimated at 27,785 being an excess held in Trinity Church School Room in December
of Expenditure over income of 527 6/3. last, have sounded the death knell of the "Estab-
As the financial year 1878-9, for which these es- |, ishment," and raised the standard of the Volun-
timates provide, will only begin on the 1st July tary System," and it is to be hoped that the Resolu-
next, it is necessary in order to understand the |tions passed at that meeting with the view of as-
financial position in which the Colony will stand certaining the sense of our Church upon the subject
on 30th June, 1879, that we should estimate as' of applying to the Legislature for an Act of Dises-
nearly as circumstances will admit the financial tablishment, and the formation of a Synod have not
position in which we shall find ourselves on "the been abandoned. Despite all that has been said
30th June, 1878. f against the Voluntary System that has proved so
On the 31st March last, the money in the TVlea- successful in the Episcopal Church elsewhere, and so
sury as reported by the Committee of the Asdem- successful in the other Churches in our midst, the
bly, amounted to 8,220 6/11, against which how- Church Society has been founded upon. that prin-
ever were to be set outstanding liabilities; n:Amely ciple, it owes its life to it, it looks to it for support,
-Treasury liabilities under former Resol'res, a- and it is only necessary to refer to the Gazette's re-
mounting to 5,026 6/8; quarterly claims for quar- marks to bring this to the notice of our people. I
ter ending 31st March amounting to Z589 3(6, quote as follows:
ter' ending

"The present interval is an important one to
educate the members of the Church of England to
make a regular contribution to the purposes of the l
Church through this Society. It takes time to in- I
struct people (who have not been accustomed to it)
to contribute in this regular way. The fact stares
us in the face that the maintenance of the Church
of England depends almost entirely on the regular
contributions not of a few of its members, but of
all of them. The prosperity of the Church in the
future depends much more on the people themselves,
than on any legislation which may be devised for its
government. The resources of Bermuda are neces-
sarily limited, and we most not expect extraordin-
ary results in Church matters any more than in
matters of civil government."
And again to the Supplement: Many sugges-
tions were also made of means which might be em-
ployed for enlisting the sympathies of all classes of
society in the work of this Association, for
giving to all, without exception, the opportunity of
contributing to the support of the Church, and for
gathering in not only large and costly offerings
from the rich, but also small, even minute dona-
tions, from those not largely endowed with this
world's goods." The union so much desired and
commended is produced by the Voluntary System,
and can be produced by no other. If we had an
abundant Endowment Fund, where would be our
individual care and efforts for the support of the
Church ? In the first place they would not be
needed, and in the second place its tendency would
be to close the sympathies of the masses. But only
place the Church in a position to develop itself by
touching the hearts and minds of the people, and
we will soon find that their hands and pockets will
respond. We want the regular continuous contribu-
tions of all the people, the small as well as the
large, from the poor, and men of humble means, as
well as from the rich-it will be found in a few
years that it is the regular and continuous small con-
tributions rather than the spasmodic large ones that
increase the Treasury-the Peter's pence" produce
an enormous income!
But aside from, and beyond the amount of pecu-
niary benefit, there is an immense advantage in
scattering the seed to obtain the fruits some
plants flourish best in one soil, and some in another
-the more hearts you touch the better. Let the
poor man understand that you value his interest in
the Church manifested to the extent of his ability-
as much as that of the rich, and that you value his
shilling or his penny as much as the rich man's
pound-you at once excite a feeling in his bosom
that he never had before-he will feel himself to
be of importance to the Church, and in the Church,
and he will feel it a privilege to aid it with his little
mite regularly. It has often been said, and not
without some truth that the Episcopal is the rich
man's, and not the poor man's Church." It is be-
cause we are supported chiefly by endowments that
separate us from the people of humble means, and
make them feel that they are all viewed as objects
of charity, instead of being a part and parcel of us,
and nothing in the world will remove this feeling
until we come down from our high seats to the
voluntary principle, and take them in as our asso-
ciates and co-workers in the Church, and let their
seats or pews be like ours, whether upstairs or down.
The Church Society was not founded too soon, it
ought to have been put into operation long ago, at
least as soon as there were signs of the Legislative
grants being withdrawn, and by the time it was
required, we would have had a nice little fund to
start with on our own account, and the way would
have been opened for us to proceed comfortably,
not by providing an endowment, but by building up
a continuous reserve fund that might have been in-
vested for appropriation as needed. In a small and
poor community like this we ought not to expect to
draw money from the pockets of men of limited
and uncertain income to lend out at 3 to 4 P ct. P
annum interest to form an endowment, the money
of the country is too useful for that, and must be
kept actively employed to meet the annual demands
upon individuals for Church purposes, like all other
purposes. Far better for Churches to borrow
money on their Glebes and other property, and em-
ploy it in building up or enlarging Churches and
Schools and supporting the Clergy and gathering
increased congregations, and then let the paying off
the loans fall on them when members will have so
multiplied as to make the demand on each so com-
paratively small as to be promptly and cheerfully
met-this is the course adopted in the largest por-
tion of the western world, and observers of its
working will discover that every year many
Churches through careful and economical manage-
ment are relieved of their indebtedness in whole or
in part. Why may it not be adopted here ? We
do not fear to start our several establishments in
the world, our families, our professional and our
business avocations, looking to Gon for our daily
bread, and relying upon Him for the increase, and
why cannot we like our neighbours do the same in
regard to our Churches? Of course there is no
material objection to an Endowment Fund being
opened for people of means to cast in of their abund-
ance at any time-a fund to fall back upon in time
of need and to meet exigencies, but it should not be
looked upon to supersede or even supplement our
regular yearly. contributions to meet the Churches
requirements, or it will inspire laxity in our daily
exertions and thoughts in that direction-keep the
fountain open and you encourage the supply; dam
it up and you check it. Much was said at the
meeting about the sale of Reserved Lands in Cana-
da, and the conversion of the funds into an En-
dowment, a very wise proceeding in that case, and
it may be well for us to do the same with our
Glebes and other Church property, if it will in-
crease our income and make it more secure and re-

liable; if the rents do not yield more than interest.
It illy becomes us in this isolated community to
think little and disparagingly of the progress of the
Episcopal Church in the United States, and to cast
reflection upon its success, when the English Church
has recently sent out a circular to all her Bishops
to attend the coming Lambeth Conference" and
14 have already accepted, and probably a larger
number will be present. Does any one think that
they are summoned to be taught the superior ad-
vantages of an "Establishment," or are they not
rather invited for the sake of their counsel ? The
Establishment of several centuries condescends to
solicit the Non-established Church of one century
to come over and join them in debating upon what
is for the benefit of Christendom! And why is
this, except that it perceives the health and vigour,
and prosperity and advancement of that Church
under the Voluntary System, and is willing to join
hand in hand with it as an ally in prosecuting the
Church's mission of winning souls to Christ ? The
English Church started as a unit under the Estab-
lishment hundreds of years ago, and what is its
position to-day ? With pain be it spoken, rent in
twain from the top to the bottom." Sects without
number have grown up, and multiplied, in spite of
the forces, and even violence at first brought to
bear to prevent them, and all the opposition since
to suppress them and thousands are daily seeking
to escape from it. Then observe its internal dis-
sensions such as St. Albans," Hatcham,"
"Brighton," "Bristol, Chatham," "Prestbury,"
"Salisbury," Stoke-Newington,"," St. Georges in
the East," (some years ago) "irome" and, many
other points, in some of which the scenes have been
so disgraceful they would not have been tolerated in
any Church even in the wilds of America, and yet
there is reason to anticipate a repitition of some of
them. Even at St. Paul's Cathedral in London on last
Good Friday [the Police was. called in; requisition,
to prevent an apprehended riot, by some fifty per-
sons assembled to disturb the services, if not con-
ducted according to their taste! On the other
hand behold the Episcopal Church in our Sister

Nation without Establishment. From "a-grain of
mustard seed she has grown to a large tree" where
greater numbers from other Churches take re-
fuge under its branches for shelter and peace, and
a happy home than are sought in any other Church,
and yet now that our Establishment evinces a de-
sire to cast us off by declining to grant us a leader
in place of the one we have recently lost, there are
formidable spirits amongst us who pronounce our
Sister Church a failure, and decline to follow her
example, with the facts at our very doors that other
Churches on the Voluntary principle are rapidly
passing by us and leaving us at a stand still.
Verily there are men still, that will not believe
though one rose from the dead."
Amongst the various communications that have
appeared in the Newspapers here I think that in
the supplement of the Royal Gazette" of 28th
April last over Progressive Conservative" has the
best consolidation of all the points and paints both
sides of the picture in their true colors, and it should
be read and studied by all interested in the cause I
merely quote the following as the writer's senti-
ments upon the Voluntary System, What has
been termed disestablishment in this discussion, is
simply the annulling of legal disability. Why
should not the Church of England be allowed to
govern herself in a manner similar to the Presby-
terians and Methodists always subordinate to Law ?
Churchmen generally must awaken to the import-
ance of the crisis. A great deal has been done for
the Church here by voluntary contributions, irres-
pectively of Legislative aid, but more I fear by the
few than by the great body of Churchmen. The
people have got to be educated to contribute ac-
cording to their ability; and if the Church is not
to lapse into the hands of a few, the body of the
people must come forward and sustain the Church
of England as the Church of the People."
I have reason to believe that many of the sub-
scribers to the Church Society" do not fully uns
derstand the latitude that is allowed them as to
the appropriation of the funds, and probably that
may account in some measure for the comparative-
ly small number of subscribers. In the proceedings
published July 19th, 1876, giving the first impres-
: sions which, with many persons are the most lasting,
the Third Resolution has a condition requiring the
payment of 5 in one payment, or ten shillings 1
annum towards the "Endowment Fund," to con-
stitute Membership; so that persons not wishing
to subscribe to that fund are precluded from becom-
ing members, while they may be disposed to sub-
scribe for the annual support of the Clergy. It is
true this is corrected in the Rules," and No. 4
states that the payments shall be toward the objects
of the Society" which are three fold, Vizt.
Endowment Fund,
Sustentation Fund,
and Widows Fund,
but many who saw the Resolution" of July 19th,
1876, never saw the Rules."
May 30th, 1878.


Hon. Mr. Cartwright then moved the House into
Committee of Supply.
Hon. Mr. Mackenzie said-I desire, Mr. Speaker,
before you leave the chair to make some remarks
concerning the position of the Canada Pacific Rail-
way before we enter into a discussion in Committee
upon the several items which are contained in the
estimates laid before the House. At present it will
be readily understood by all who have read the re-
ports published that we have arrived at the period
when it becomes necessary to take some definite
and decided steps towards making an attempt at the
construction of this road, because of the entire com-
pletion of the surveys upon the several routes that
are most likely to be adopted by the Government
from one end of the line to the other. There can be
no question of this, that it was in itself a desirable
t object to obtain railway communication from one
end of our Dominion to the other, traversing the
Continent from east to west. So far as the desira-
bility of obtaining such a connection may be con-
cerned there can be no real difference of opinion be-
tween any two parties in this country, or amongst
any class of our population. But, Sir, while that is
the case, we have to consider in entering upon a
scheme of that kind what it involves. It ought to
be done with the far-seeing eye of the statesman,
Sand its prosecution ought to bs undertaken with
a due regard to the capacity of the country to sus-
tain such an enterprise. The original project con-
templated was of course to connect the two oceans,
and the only point which might be looked to as the
ocean terminus to the East was the City of Montreal
while on the West a point had to be selected according
to the developments which might be made during
the progress of the survey. Having this scheme in
view which I have briefly noticed, and, I may say,
anticipated at the time, knowing too little of the in-
terior of the country to be aware whether we
should construct a railway more cheaply or not, we
contemplated also using in other parts of the coun-
try what has become a proverbial phrase in this
House: "the magnificent water-stretches we
possessed in that country. (Hear, hear.) The
plan, Sir, which we had thus sketched out obtained
finally the sanction of the Columbia Government,
under the intervention of Lord Carnarvon, the Co-
lonial Sedretary, and by those terms it was provided
that we should build a line between Esquimalt or
Victoria and Nanaimo as speedily as possible, as
compensation for delays which bad occurred or
which might occur, but not as part of the Pacific

Railway; and as soon as the surveys were completed
and the line actually located on the mainland, that
we should spend a sum not less than $2,000,000 per
annum upon the construction taking the entire
length of the road, and supposing it to be finished
from Lake Nippissing to the Pacific seaboard, it has
cost for these preliminary surveys-when I say pre-
liminary surveys I mean all the surveys preliminary
to actual construction being commenced-the sum
of $1,300 per mile. In order to estimate accurately
the nature of the difficulties in British Columbia, I
may state that though I am not able to give the
exact division at the moment, out of three and one-
half millions spent up to the end of the last financial
year not far short of one-half was spent in British
Columbia upon an extent of one-fifth part of the en-
tire length of road.
Mr. DeCosmos-One-half of it was wasted.
Hon. Mr. Mackenzie-My hon. friend says that
one-half of it was wasted. I cannot speak as to
what was wasted further than to say that it would
be very difficult indeed to undertake a work of such
vast magnitude without wasting a great deal of
money. (Hear, hear.) The necessities of the case
were such then, when men had to be sent into all
quarters of the country and an enormous expendi-
ture had to be incurred in getting in the provisions
and supplies necessary for maintenance-I say that
under these circumstances it would be a marvel in-
deed if a large amount of money were not spent
upon works which afterwards turned out to be ab -
solutely worthless, but that could not be known or-
iginally. (Hear, hear.) I can only say that it
would perhaps bedifficult to find a more energetic
staff of engineers than were concentrated on that
work, though there might be-no doubt there were
-many among them who were not as fit for their
position as it was desirable they should be. Where
we have to pick up at once from one hundred to two
hundred engineers to prosecute a work under the
stinging impulse of an obligation as to time, which
we are anxious to fulfil, it is difficult to avoid an ex-
penditure which, in a more leisurely and deliberate
way of examining the country'might have been avoi-

ded. When we find that all this work was accom.
polished practically in the space of six years, we may
say also that a feat is presented in the examination
of a continent which has never been equalled, so far
as I know, in any country. Why, Sir, on a railway
from the interior of India to Bombay they spent in
making the survey of a line which traversed a coun-
try, except where it crosses one mountain range,
comparatively easy for engineering, and covered with
a dense population, a period of four years; and they
were able to begin no portion of the construction on
what is known as one of the great engineering
works of that country. Our engineers had to tra-
verse a country entirely without any population,
except at one point, where they reached the Red
River settlements; and we know from the sparsity
of the population even there, that so very small a
quantity of produce was then grown in that rich
country that at that time we could not depend on
obtaining a large amount, if any at all, and supplies
had to be taken into the country by the most labor-
ious process and at very great expense.
The Burrard Inlet harbours may fairly be consid-
ered, and are considered, ocean ports and the only
objection which has been raised to the adoption of
that place as the ocean terminus to the railway is in
the fact that in order to reach the open sea we have
to pass within a distance not exceeding two or two
and a half miles from the shores of some of the is-
lands which are in the possession of the United States
Government. From a military point of view this
would of course have more or less weight Indeed,
it would be possible in time of war for the traffic
of the road to reach the island by steamer from
English Bay to Nanaime, a distance of 40 to 45
miles. Or vessels might, by taking the tide and
being towed part of the way, finding access to the
ocean through the straits north-wards and past the
head of Bute Inlet. I am not at present discussing
the question as to what importance should be
attached to the merely military idea, further than
to say that the control of the waters of the ocean
there must be held, not by any island or any batteries
upon an island, but by ships of war owned by both
nations. (Hear, hear.) And it is perhaps not an
element of very great consideration in the determina-
tion of the proper terminus of a commercial route
that we should consider the importance of the mili-
tary idea as one which would overbalance the com-
mercial. It would be possible in after years, if it
were found desirable to do so, assuming that the
Fraser River route is adopted, to reach the ocean at
another point which would set aside all military
considerations and meet the views of the most ex-
treme people holding the views as to the military
importance of the question I have referred to,
(Hear, Hear.) We have then to consider other
matters. We have to consider in connection with
the distances to be traversed, so far as ocean traffic
is concerned, where we are to get that traffic from.
Sir John Macdonald another objection expressed
to the Burrard Inlet route is its vicinity to the
United States, and the facility with which railway
connection could be made to a harbour in the
United States which would take away the trade
from Burrard Inlet to that country.
Hon. Mr. Mackenzie I attach no value at all to
that, for the simple reason that if our road furnishes
a better highway for traffic eastward than their's I
do not think we should object to getting a large
amount of United States traffic on our road. (Hear
hear.) If we reached a point where there is no
traffic except what would be created it would be a
very long time indeed before we succeeded in making
the road answer the purposes of a commercial road.
I am aware, of course, of the political idea that this
road is not to be built exclusively for commercial
purposes. But we would ill represent the people
of the Dominion generally if we were to set aside
all questions of payment and all questions of cost in
considering questions of route. (Hear, Hear.) I
am sure the bulk of the people who have to bear the
taxation of the construction of this road will demand
from any Government a strict account of their
stewardship if they select the route on the principle
that that consideration is not one of a governing
character. (Hear, Hear.) I observe that Sir
Edward Selby Smyth does not attach very much
importance to the question of the vicinity of the
United States boundary, while the report of last
year and the report of this year both show that the
naval officers with singular unanimity decide in
favour of Burrard Inlet, with that single drawback
to which I have referred. We have to consider
another matter in connection with the terminus.
We are not bound by any national consideration
entered into with British Columbia to reach any
particular point on the ocean, but simply the coast.
It is, therefore, perfectly free for the Government
and this Parliament to select any point which reaches
the Pacific Ocean: and it is, my opinion, a matter
of very great importance that we should reach the
ocean by a route which will not only answer the political
purposes, but which presents advantages of another
kind. I am informed that east of that there is a
Navigation on the North Thompson of 96 miles, so
that by commencing at Yale and building 125 miles
we practically get into the very heart of the country
for the time being; and although no railway termi-
nus can be located permanently at Yale it will suffice
to meet the wants of the country in the meantime,
and our commencement of the road at that point
will also meet the obligations we have incurred with
the Province. The distance from the eastern end
of the navigation-from the end of that 96 miles
stretch to the Yellow Head Pass-is 182 miles,
so that by constructing 307 miles of railway and
using the water in the meantime to Yale. we get
communication to the extent of 493 miles, while by
the other route, on which we would have no navi-
gation, we could not possibly reach that point
without building at once, and before any portion of
the road could be used, 546 miles going eastward.
These are the statements I have to make in respect
to the position which the matter occupies at the

present time. I have only further to say as respects
the cost of building the road which we have under-
taken-and in connection with it I desire to refer to
what I laid down as the policy of the Government
on previous occasions-as the House is aware, we
obtained permission from time to time from Parliament
to let out certain contracts from Thunder Bay
westward to Selkirk, Head of Lake Superior to
Lake Winnipeg. Our object was to build some
portion of the road necessary to obtain an entrance
into the prairie country in advance of the completion
of the surveys over the whole continent, because it
was tolerably clear in 1874 that three or four years
at least would be required to complete our explore.
tory and instrumental surveys, and if we lay idle
entirely during that period we would suffer by being
so late in getting into the country which we hoped
would gradually be filled up by an immigrant popu-
lation. Mr. Fleming, in his report, pointed out
that there was no hope of that railway ever paying
its working expenses until at least three millions of
people were thrown into the territory west of Red
River, and he pointed out also that if the road were
built it would require eight millions of dollars a year
to pay the cost of working it.
The cost of the road therefore may fairly be esti-
mated between Thunder Bay and Selkirk, taking
what has to be done with what is done, as not pro-
bably to exceed $30,000 to $32,000 per mile. I
give that, however, wholly as my own calculation,
for which the engineers are in no way responsible.
I have to say in conclusion that nothing has given
myself and the Government more concern than the
matters connected with the Pacific Railway have
given. We are alive to this consideration; that it
is of vast importance to the country that this road
should be built as soon as the country is able to do it
without imposing burdens upon the present taxpay-
ers which would be intolerable. But I don ot think
anything would justify the Government in imposing
(To be Continued.)

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