Group Title: Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder.
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: D.M. Lee
Place of Publication: Hamilton Bermuda
Publication Date: -1920
Frequency: three times a week[jan. 1910-dec. 1920]
weekly[ former 1828-]
semiweekly[ former -dec. 1909]
three times a week
Subject: Newspapers -- Hamilton (Bermuda Islands)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Bermuda Islands   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bermuda Islands -- Hamilton
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1828?
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 93, no. 153 (Dec. 30, 1920).
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Jan. 22, 1828).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076588
Volume ID: VID00310
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 46887227
lccn - sn2003060500
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bermuda gazette (Hamilton, Bermuda Islands : 1821)
Succeeded by: Bermuda colonist
Succeeded by: Royal gazette and colonist daily

Full Text


No. 16,-Vol. LI. STATE SUPER VIAS ANTIQUAS. 24s per Ann

Hamilton, Bermuda, Tuesday, dpril 16, 1878.
I 1 .--"---"'" ..,""- ' --~-- -',. I _____________________________________________




On Friday Next,
At 11 o'clock, A.M.,
And each succeeding Friday until further notice,
I W ill Sll by? auction ,
In Front of my Office, Queen Street,
As may appear for Sale on that day.
Goods received up to 10 o'clock, a.m., on
each Friday, and prompt returns every Saturday.
iamilton, 1878.-5


WHITE P IAE, Clear and Cured
1, JI, 14, 2 and 3 Inh
WHITE PINE-Shelving & Par.
* tition BOARDS, 12 to 16 feet lengths,
Planed 10 and 12 inches wide
P itch P ine.

Of the Undermentioned sizes, Viz :-
SCANTLING 4 x 5, 4
3x6, 24 x5, 24xx6, 2x6, 1
2 x 5, 3 x 9, 3 x 3.
FLOORING-1 and 14 inch.

x 4,
x 3,

Ceiling LATHS,
At Low Rates,
For Sale by
Hamilton, 8th A pil, 1878.-2 ins,

Per S. S. Canimna,
On the 15th inst.,
Cart WIheetls, dies, asnd

Suitable for Donkeys, which will be 'old
Cheap for CAsH.
Also, on Hand,
5 Fine DONK EYS.
S- Front Street, Hamilton.
April 8, 1878.-2

To all whom it may Concern.

T HE Undersigned intending to
SClose Business, respectfullyv requests all
Persons who are Indebted to him to pay their
respective Amounts on or before the 31st of
May next. All unsettled Accounts after that
date, unless satisfactory arrangement be made
for the same, WILL, WITHOUT FAIL, be
placed in legal hands for collection.
All Accounts against, the Subscriber are re-
quested to be rendered not later than Ist of
June, for adjustment.
throngh(iut the Season, at Market prices.
Hanilion, 9th Akpril, 1879.

For Sale,
A Handsome Walnut Wood

Good Tone, has stood the climate well.
ALiS Risidence, R. N. Hospital, Irela-nd Island.
'Cow & Heifer.
,April 8, 1878.-tf

Barristers= at-Law, w,&c.
'I1 iE. Subscribers have this day. entered into
Co-partnership as
Attroneys, Solicitors, Notaries,
The business will be conducted under the style
and firm of
OFFICES-166 Hollis Street, over the offices
of Messrs. Almon & Mackintosh.
lialifax, lst Fel-y., 1878,


.V 0 T i c .-

Theatrical Performance
advertised Jor the 1\Ith, 12th and
13th of .pril,



April 8, 1878

26th and
Of same Month,


T- 0- a

THE Members of Eureka Lodge,
No. 20, of 1. 0. G. T., intend (D.V.,) to
Celebrate their
T'ajirb nntf rzarp
f) & 7, N.

And respectfully invite Sister Lodges to
participate with them.
The Members will convene at ODD FELLOWS'
HALL, at 10 A.M., Regale and proceed to the
Wesleyan Chapel. where iivine Service will be
held by the Rev. W. C. BRoWNF. After Service,
n Collection will be taken up The 'Order will
then re-form and march to the Town Hail,
where Temperance Addresses will he delivered
by Bro?. R. WAssoN, G. W. C.; W. U YAN,
late of the Sons of Temperance, N. S.; J.
SMITH,r G. \1. C. 'I'. ; W. C. BROWNE, P. G.
W. C. T.
++ By Order of the Committee.
St. Georges, April 9, 1878.-2

A +-
The 23rd Instant,
By the Members of EUREKA LODGE, No. 20,
1. 0. G. T.
Proceeds in aid of the Building Fund.
'Tickets 6d., to be had at the Door.
)oors open at 7 P.M.
By Order of the Committee.
St. Georges, April 9th, 1878.-2

Just Recei ved,
Per C"s IA IJI^
A Small Quantity of Choice
As the supply is limited, persons wishing to
purchase had better call early at 46 and 47
Front Street, Hamilton, where will be found
the best assortment of CIGARS, CIGAR-
ETTES and TOBACCO in Bermuda.
Iiamilton, April 2, 1878.

BY the Naval Captain Superin-
tendent, an experienced
Apply at "THIE COTTAGE,"
Ireland Island.
April 9th, 1878.

Sugar! Sugar!!
From i emerara,
Yellow Vacuum-pan-in Barrels
White Vacuum-pan do
M uscovado, in Barrels
At Low Rates for CASH.
Hamilton, 25th February, 1878.

For Rent,
In this Town,
A Comfortable and Conveniently Situated
iTwo Story
Dwelling Hw OUSE,
Furnished or Unfurnished,
Apply at the Royal Gazette" Office.
hlamilton, March 12th, 1878,

' Something New.
For Sale and on Exhibition, a laige assortment
of PRANG'S World renowned

Easter, Scripture, Birthday,fyVisiting and

Sole Agent for, L. PRANGo & Co., in Bermuda.

At No. 1 West Front Street.
April 9th, 1878.-3 pd

For Sale,

Jdt the fHamilton Hotel Stables,

Carriages, Horses,
Sarnesses, &c.
One Florence Sewing MACHINE
One Cooking STOVE -, .
Four Barrels Soft SOA\P
Fishing POLES C'OC o iE
One SOFA Rocking CII.11 RS
Lot of Door and Window A1S H -ES
Four Patent Night CO.1 %0)DES.
Apply at the Hamilton Hot-l.'
Hamilton, March 25, 187I.

Steam &Marble .4" 4ran-
ite WORKS ,
1-1 6 ,L I F 6 1. x
Argyle Street, opposite St. Paul's Church.-
Grave MARKS in polished Granite or Marble
Marble Mantel Register GRATES, &c., &c.
Designs and Prices may be obtained from
W. T. JAMES, Esqr., Front St., Hamilton,
Bermuda. 6m

Mr. Robert Bedingfield,

Animals and Birds of all Descrip-
tions STUFFED.
O7' Orders may be left at the Office of the
" Royal Gazette."
February 12th, 1878.

Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
English and American Preserved

Nos. 10 and 12 Queen Street,
Hlamilton, Bermuda.
N. B.-Ships' Stores Supplied at Lowest
February 18th, 1878.-12 m

To All whom it may
I HEREBY give Notice that I have been
appointed AGENT AND ATTORNEY for.
the Board of Underwriters of New Orleans, and
will from this Date, represent the Interests of
the following Companies, Vizt. :-
New Orleans Mutual Insurance Company,
Crescent do. do. do.
Merchants do. do. do.
Sun do. do. do.
Union Insurance Company,
Hope do. do.
Hibernia do. do.
Factors and Traders Insurance Company,
Tentonia Insurance Company,
New Orleans Insurance Association,
Peoples' Insurance Company,
Mechanics and Traders Insurance Company.
W. C. HYL1.ND,
Agent for the several Boards of Under-
writers for Ne% York, Boston,
Baltimore and Philadelphia, &c., &c., &c.
St. George's, Bermuda,
21st January, 1878.

Apply to

March 5, 1878.

Mount Hill, Pembroke,

p E R S 0 N S desirous of Con-

.V'essr. l Middleton 4 Co.,
Will please call upon MR. SAMUEL A. MAS-
TERS, Front Street, who will attend to the
Shipment of their goods, as heretofore.
Hamilton, Feby. 12th, 1878.-3m m

46 4. 48 Broad Av. West, Wash-
ington markett, A.Y.
rlpH E Undersigned represents this Season in
Bermuda the above house. Consignments
of PRODUCE solicited, for which he can as-
sure highest market rates and prompt returns.
15 Front Street.
March 26, 1878.--tf

Bermuda Produce.




and Shippers desirous
to Consign

M. Evoy & Sons,
West Washington Market,

Will have every facility afforded them during
the'coming Season, by
Office, Queen Sireet, Hamilton.
March 18th, 1878;-tf.

Bermuda Produce.
tARIMERS ain.d ..idppers desirous of Con-.
signing PRODUCE to
Or to Wm. A. COVERT,
New York
Will be afforded every accommodation, during
the coming season, by
Front Street, Hamilton.
March 4th, 1878.
FEBY., 1878.
To Farmers and Shippers of

[I AVING had several years experience in this
t line of business, I desire to continue in
the same during the coming Crop Season, and
respectfully solicit any consignments you may
forward to this Market. I ,will endeavour to
realize the highest Market prices, render Sales
and Remittances promptly.
Of Hamilton, Bermuda,
Will attend to receiving and invoicing all Con-
signments for me, and will give all information
necessary for benefit of Shippers.
I remain, your, &c.,
With Messrs. O'Connor & Judge,
42 & 43 Vesey Street,
51n New York.

R. W. Hayward 4Co,,
General Shipping and
Conmaission Mlerclhants,
New York.

Solicited to above address and forwarded free of
Consul's Certificate.
Highest Market Rates guaranteed, and Re-
turns promptly made.
Cash payable in Bermuda or New York at
Shipper's option.
F. D. S. NASH,
61 Front Street.
Hamilton, February 25, 1878-tf



Miller & Spencer,
306 Washington Street,
All persons desirous of shipping to the above
address will be afforded every accommodation
by applying to our Agent,
Reid Street, Hamilton.
Bermuda, January 28, 1878.

ALONZO PENISTON has made arrange-
tments for obtaining a quantity of the

Whk fihe expects to receive in September next.
Persons can engage the same by applying to
the Subscriber or to
JOHN ZUILL, Somerset.
A. J. HODSDON, Hamilton.
W. 0. NORTH, Bailey's Bay.
The Undersigned will also take this oppoitu'
nity of informing his Friends and the Public
generally, that he is now prepared to give his
personal attention to the Consignment of
To Messrs. T. H. Bock & ,G.,
And will assure all that he will do every thing
in his power to promote the welfare of those
that favor him with Consignmenlit.
Hamilton, Jany. 22nd, 1878,


. 1.-Emilius Outerbridge
4" Co.,
Shipping and Commission

mNo. 29 BROADWAY,.-

Agents for
Quebec & Gulf Ports S. S. Co.,
New York and West India Division.
Jany. 7, 1878.'


Comfortable Lodging/
For either a Single Gentleman or
a Lady, can be obtained in Church Street, in,
this Town. Board can also be obtained-if re-,
SFor'Reference apply at the Office:of the
"Royal Gazette."
SJanuary 28, 1878. .


to 0

oj A

86.-: Hot ~ 4


o0. -140
0 cac !,

M.D, .
Has Received a supply of the fol"
Put up by toe well known Dentists Messrs. GA.
BRIEL, Ludgate Hill, Loudon.
SEDADENT, or Cure for Toothache
and Improving the Teeth
ROYAL D)ENTIFRICE, gives the Teeth a
pea 1-like whiteneess
Stopping decayed Teeth
remain white and firm as the Tooth itself
Mouth Wash.
Hamilton, March 26th, 1877.

Win. James Ieney,

Brl OR .:t





- .-r-.-- .m.- -.- .,- -~---~ -- .in tin-

VATIONS taken under the direction of the Principal
Medical Officer, Prospect, Bermuda. Above the sea
151 feet.


Ap. 8


9 a.m.

6 .

Temperature previous
24 hours. Rain.




0 0
130.2 44-8
134-6 48-2
126-4 45-6
142-8 41-4
134-4 54-4
136*6 49-4
136-6 48-2

Lal 0-18

Hamilton, ipril 16, 1878.

Court of General Assize.
The Honorable JOSIAH REES, Chief Justice, and the
TaIMINGHAM, Assisting Justices, presiding.
The following Indictments were laid before the
Grand Jury by S. BROWNLow GRAY, Esqr., Attor-
ney General:-
The Queen ag. Henry William James Skeeters and
William O'Reilly Douglas. Shooting with in-
tent to murder. True Bill. Tried and found
guilty of shooting with intent to do grievous
bodily harm. Sentenced to 3 years imprisonment
in Hamilton Gaol, and during such imprisonment
to be kept at hard labour, except on such days as are
excepted by law, and except on every Wednesday
and Friday, and on every such Wednesday and
Friday to be fed on bread and water only instead
of the usual Gaol allowance.
The Queen ag. Octavius Smith Swan and 6 others.
Riot and Assault. True Bill. Tried: Octavius
Smith Swan, Richard Outerbridge and John Da-
vid Landy found guilty. Sentenced to 12 months
imprisonment in Hamilton Gaol, and during such
imprisonment to be kept at hard labour, except
on the days as are excepted by law, and except on
every Wednesday and Friday and on every such
Wednesday and Friday to be fed on bread and
water only instead of the usual Gaol allowance.
Robinson vs. Young. Indebitatus. Verdict for
Castnervs. Oakley. The Jury not agreeing was
Doe and Smith and others vs. Middleton. Special
case for the opinion of the Court.
Adjourned to Monday the 29th April instant, at
12 o'clock.

April 10-Steamer Glensannox, Mardon, Rio Janeiro ;
15,W00 bags coffee-called for coal.-Agents, N. T.
Butterfield & Son.
15-Brigt. Annie, Nicholson, Demerara; rum and su-
gar to Henry Darrell.
Mail Steamer Canima, Liddicoat, New York; assorted
cargo.-Agents, Trott & Cox.
April 11-Steamer Glensannox, Mardon, New York;
15.000 bags coffee.
13-Brigt. Carrie Dingle, Peak, Grenada, W.I.
April 11-Brig Nimble, Gray, Beaufort, S.C.; bound
to Liverpool, G.B., in distress; cargo phosphate.--
Agents, W. C. Hyland & Co.
12-Schr. Altasela, Murch, New York bound to Barba-
dos; in distress; assorted cargo.-Agents, W. C.
Hyland & Co.
Italian Brig San Rafael, Cacase, New York; bound to
Bermuda and Gibraltar; 200 bales hay to Trott &
Cox.-Agent, John S. Darrell.
15-Norwegian Barque Kerdalea, Olsen, Leith; bound
to New York; ballast; Captain sick.-Agents, W.
C. Hyland & Co.
American Barque Continental, Tupper, Brunswick,
Georgia; bound to Rio de Janeiro; p. p. lumber;
rudder damaged.-Agent., John S., Darrell.
April 11-Italian Barque Veronica Madre, Muratorio,
New York; part inward cargo indian corn.
15-Norwegian Barque Kerdalea, Olsen, New York.
Monarchy, Pierce, repairing.
Continental, Tupper, repairing.
Timei, Tomasich, discharging.
San REafael, Cacase, discharging ballast, preparatory
to taking on board cargo kerosene oil, ex Brigt.
Clara i. Agnes to Gibraltar for orders.
Nimble, Gray, repairing.
Tropic Bird, Myers, refitting.
I Schooners.
Uncle Tom, Myers, refitting.
Altasela, Murch, repairing.
In the Mail Steamer Canima, Mr. and Mrs. Reoda
H. Hall, Mrs. A. Hollis, Messrs. T. J. Outerbridge,
C. A. Catlin, E. Wood, A. W. Lukins, C. Lukins, W.
L. Beckwith and N. Dexter.
The S. S. Glensannox, Captain Mardon, in 26 days
from Rio de Janeiro, bound to New York with 15,000
bags of coffee, arrived on Thursday last, in want of coal;
which being kindly supplied at the Naval Yard by Cap-
tain Siperintenident Moresby, she left on the follow-
ing day for her destined port.
Yellow fever had prevailed at Rio, to a very alarm-
ing extent, and many foreigners, who had thought
themselves acclimated from some years residence, had
fallen victims to that fell disease. From latitude 26 to
31, the G. encountered very rough weather; wind from
the North-west.
W. N. Edwards, Esqr., was a passenger by the
Glensannox, from Rio, to New York.
The Sir G. F. Seymour, Captain Watlington, left
London for Bermuda on the 10th instant.
The Schr. Lizzie Titus, to S. S. Ingham, was to
leave New York on Saturday last, 13th inst.
hRover, hence at Demerara, 25th ultimo, and is now
hourly looked for from that Port.
H. M. S. Argus, Commander Harris, arrived on
Tuesday last from Barbados. The A. had a very bois-
terous passage.
H. M. S. Blanche, Captain Knowles, left on Tues-
day for Jamaica.

CHALLENaER, temporary flagship of Rear-Admir-
al Phillimore, is to be fitted for service as a station-
ary ship, and will probably go to Halifax to take
the place of the old receiving-ship Pyramus. She
must indeed require a relief by this time, for she
was reported thoroughly worn out and decayed
fully six years ago. Under these circumstances
there is no chance of the old ship coming home
again, for few would be found ready to cross the
Atlantic in her.-Hampshire Telegraph.
TRIuMPH got up steam at Portsmouth on Satur-
day for the trial of her engines after repairs. It is
expected that the Triumph will be the flagship of
Vice-Admiral Sir E. Inglefield, C.B., who succeeds
to the command of the North America and West
India Station.
Deputy Inspector-General John Bremner, now
employed at Haslar, has been selected by the Ad-
miralty to proceed to Bermuda to take medical
charge of the Naval Hospital, Dr. J. W. Reid
coming to Haslar.

Good Friday.-Capella Papale in the Sixtine,
9 a.m. Tenebrme and Miserere, 3 p.m.
Saturday .-Capella Papale in the Sixtine, 9 a.m.
Baptism of converted infidels and Jews in the
Easter Sunday.-Capella Papale in St. Peter's,
9 a.m. The Pope appears in the church at 10
o'clock and reads Mass. The elevation of the host
about 11 o'clock is accompanied by the blast of
trumpets from the dome. The Pope is then car-
ried in procession from the church and about noon
imparts the great benediction Urbi et Orbi" from
the loggia of St. Peter's. After sunset illumination
of the dome of St. Peter's; 1 hour later torches are
substituted for tl'e lamps.
This usual programme, which has been in abey-
ance since the occupation of Rome by the Italian
Government in 1870, we recall, as it is not unlikely
that the new Pope Leo XIII. may revive them.
The great obelisk in the centre of the piazza,
which is destitute of hieroglyphics, was brought
from Heliopolis to Rome by Caligula and placed in
the Vatican Circus, and is the only monument of
the kind which has never been overthrown. Under
Sixtus V., in 1586, this huge monument, estimated
by Fontana to weigh 500 tons, was removed by
means of rollers from its original position, and on
the 10th September erected under the superin-
tendence of Dominico Fontana on its present site.
Representations of this extremely difficult under-
taking are frequently seen. It is related that
Fontana, in the construction of his machines, had
omitted to make allowance for the tension of the
ropes produced by the enormous weight, and that
at the most critical moment, although the bystand-
ers were prohibited, under pain of death, from
shouting, one of the 800 workmen, the sailor Bres-
ca di St. Remo, exclaimed, "Acqua alle funi !"
(water on the ropes), thus solving the difficulty.
As a reward, his relations (of Bordighera, near St.
Remo,) were granted the privilege, still enjoyed by
them, of providing the palm branches on Palm
Sunday for St. Peter's, which are then prepared
and plaited by the nuns of St. Antonio Abbate.

In consequence of the receipt of the sad intelli-
gence of the death of Captain Louis Ferrier, Roya1
Engineers, a member of the Hunt Committee, there
will be no meet of the Bermuda Hunt to-day.
Bony. Secy.
16th April, 1878.


On Lord Derby's retirement from the Cabinet
and the appointment in his place of Lord Salisbury,
the latter issued a circular note stating the objec-
tions of England to the Saint Stefano Treaty. The
objections were well and strongly put, and made a
great impression throughout Europe. Russia was
reminded that her main purpose in entering upon
war'was to redress the oppressions of the Christian
dependencies of Turkey. She was reminded that
the substantial fruits of her victories were to be se-
condary. She was reminded that the Treaty with
Turkey reversed all this; that it was grasping and
extreme in the compensations it demanded; that
the new Bulgaria it constituted took more than
half of European Turkey, and established what was
in effect a strong Russian power on the shrunken
borders of the Turk; and the point was made so
that it could not be misunderstood, that this was a
revolution in the adjustment of power, and a peril
to English interests in the East, which could not be
submitted to. The Circular note stiffened at once
all the suspicion and hostility which Russia's rapa.
city had excited. The Austrian Government once
more sided with England, and the official papers at
Berlin also commended the Circular.
The utterances at St. Petersburg at first were not
compliant. They repelled, rather than contravert-
ed, the assertion of Lord Salisbury, and expressed
their intention to retain the advantages they
had gained. The disposition of the other powers
was consulted, and the result was that Russia's
tone was changed, and became, to use the diploma-
tic term, more concessive. When, in proper time,
Prince Gortschakoff replied to the Circular, he
adopted a much more conciliatory style than he had
used some few weeks ago, when Russia seemed to
think, that as the conqueror of Turkey, she had
Europe at her feet. The reply does not in the main
change the catalogue of the Russian demands, but
with great skill it justifies and excuses them. It
makes what are considered to be two good hits, one,
that, if England's interests were so involved in the
war, she should have taken part in the Conferences
proposed and actual by which it was sought to a-
vert war; the other, that as she objected to the
terms of the Treaty as made she should state what
terms she desired and would agree to. Austria,
with equal convenience, approves the Gortschakoff
reply as she approved the Salisbury Circular. The
Congress, which is Count Andrassy's pet idea,
seems to be out of the mind of every body else. If
England still desires the Congress and holds to
her first demands, it will be easy to say now to
Russia, that the Treaty she demands is what the
Congress shall approve. In whatever shape her
next manifesto may be couched, there is no doubt
that England has backed Russia down from the
position she first too arrogantly took, that the
Treaty as made was to stand, whether Europe liked
it or not.
The Gortschakoff despatch is considered more
pacific, and as inviting negotiation. In England
as well as on the continent, this opinion is held.
It was published in London while a debate was
proceeding in Parliament on the Queen's message
announcing the calling out of the reserves, anl its
effect was shown in the more moderate course of the
debate. One of the marked incidents of the debate
was a statement by Lord Derby, that his with-
drawal from the Cabinet was not occasioned alto-
gether by the acts of the administration which had
been made public, but by measures which have not
yet been divulged. Every one is set to guessing
what these may be, and the opinion is general that
Lord Beaconsfield may deem and intend war to be
inevitable, and is shaping his policy to that end.
Apart from surmise, however, the feeling is a little
more pacific. If some common ground is reached
where conflicting views can, be considered, it is be-
lieved they will be reconciled. For the moment
England is waiting for, and probably is to make,
the next move, and Russia has ceased to swagger;
Austria is more with England than with Russia,
and in Turkey the English and Russian influence
is striving for mastery, with the present advantage
in favor of England. Russia is still adding to her I
army. She has moved troops so as to check and
warn Roumania, which is chafing and almost de-
fiant under the treatment she has received from her
powerful ally. There is still turmoil and bitter-
ness and preparation, and the most that can be said
is, that a point for more calmly discussing differ-
ences, rather than peace itself, has been reached.

Palm Sunday.-Capella Papale in St. Peter's,
9 a.m. Consecration of palms and procession, then
Mass. 2 p.m. Confession in the Lateran.
Wednesday.-Capella Papale in the Sixtine, 3
p.m. Tenebree and Miserere. The music begins
about one hour before sunset.
Holy Thursday.-Capella Papale in the Sixtine,
10 a.m. Towards noon the benediction "Urbi"
from the loggia of St. Peter's. Then washing of
feet in St. Peter's; immediately after, a dinner to :
twelve pilgrims in the loggia of St. Peter's. Ca-
pella Papale in the Sixtine, 3 p.m. Tenebre and

squall. The jury found that the deceased were
drowned by the capsizing of the Eurydice owing
to a suden squall, and that no blame could attach
to the captain, officers, or men of the ship."
Capt. L. J. G. Ferrier, of Belsyde, Linlithgow,
N.B., entered the Royal Engineers in Dec., 1859.
He was the eldest son of the late Major Ilay Fer-
rier, of the Madras Army. In June, 1876, on the
completion of a five years' tour of Ordnance Sur-
vey duty in the Thames Valley, the University !of
Oxford conferred upon him the honorary degree of
Master of Arts. The calamity of his unfortunate
death appears the more distressing as the fact of
his having left Bermuda was unknown even by his
family. The funeral, which will be a military one
is to take place on Saturday, the 30th inst., in Old
Grey Friars, Edinburgh.-[The body was recog-
nized by Captain George Henry Ferrier, his bro-
ther, of the 105th Regiment.]

To the Editor of the Royal Gazette.
SIR,-In your Gazette, a few weeks since, there ap-
peared a communication signed Economy," advocat-
ing the erection of a causeway from the Lane School
side to the opposite shore. Doubtless such a means
of communication would do all that the writer hopes
for, and be of the greatest possible advantage to per-
sons residing on the opposite side of the water who
have business in the Town of Hamilton, especially
during the prevalence of stormy weather. I would,
however, rather advocate the establishment of a good
team-boat between the Salt Kettle side and the Town
of Hamilton-one that would not only afford comfort-
able accommodation to passengers, but one also that
would convey horses, carts and carriages. The great
inconvenience, discomfort and danger to which passen-
gers by the present means of conveyance are subjected,
will not bear repeating. The placing of a good and
sufficiently large boat on this route would, I am sure,
meet with support. All the traffic as far west as Som-
erset, and much even of that to the eastward of Salt
Kettle, particularly during the crop season, would
doubtless be conveyed to Hamilton for shipment by
this route. I should. prefer a team to a steam boat as
being more economical and less liable to get out of
order. PAGET.
April 13, 1878.

The following appointments to the Ministry are
officially confirmed :
The Marquis of Salisbury to be Secretary of
State for the Foreign Department.
The Right Hon. Gathorne Hardy to be Secretary
of State for India.
The Hon. Frederick A. Stanley to be Secretary
of State for War. (Captain Grenadier Guards, Lt.-
Colonel 1st Royal Lancashire Militia.)
Sir Henry Selwin Ibbetson to be Secretary of the
Treasury, in place of Hon. F. A. Stanley.

Prayers 9 a.m., except on Wednesday and Friday.
Evening Prayer and Sermon every evening, 7"30.
Easter Day-Morning Service and Communion 11
a.m. Evening Service 7'30 p.m.
Wednesday and Good Friday 11 a.m.
Easter Day-Communion Service 8'30 a.m.
Afternoon Service 4 p.m.

The following additional particulars of this dis-
tressing disaster have come to us by private letter:
On Sunday, 24th March, an appalling catastro- I
phe, unparalleled since the loss of the Captain, oc-
curred off Dunnose, Isle of Wight, England. At
about 3,45 p.m. on that day, H. M. S. Eurydice I
was in full sail off Ventnor, bound for Portsmouth.
A sudden and violent squall, accompanied with
snow, struck her; there was no time to shorten
sail; the ship was thrown on her beam ends; her
keel appeared above water, and she went down
with over 300 souls on board.
Two survivors alone remain to tell the tale.
They are Benjamin Cuddiford, A.B., and Sidney
Fletcher, first-class ordinary seaman. These two
men had each secured a life-buoy, and were picked
up, together with three others, viz., Capt. Ferrier,
R.E., Lieut. F. H. Tabor, R.N., and a seaman
named Bennett, after having been over an hour in
the water. The three latter, though alive when
picked up, died about half an hour afterwards.
The Eurydice, Capt. M. A. S. Hare, left here for
Portsmouth on the 6th March, embarking some
soldiers and blue-jackets belonging to various corps
and ships. Captain Ferrier, R.E., also proceeded
home in her. His friends in England were not
aware that he intended returning home until he
was reported as having been picked up from the
sunken ship.
But for the rescue of the two survivors we should
still be in ignorance of the disaster, as it was wit-
nessed by no one. A blinding snow-storm raged
for about half an hour, and after it ceased all was
calm and quiet, not a vestige of the ill-fated ship
was to be seen; but the master of a small coal-
laden schooner, the Emma, thought he saw some-
thing floating on the water at a little distance. So
a man was sent aloft and the schooner bore down
on what turned out to be one of the crew of the
Eurydice. She then picked up four others who
were seen holding on to spars or lockers. She
could find no others, so hoisted her colours half-
mast high and stood in for Ventnor. The Coast
Guard and two medical men put off to meet her,
and the extent of the disaster that had occurred
became known. All available means were used for
the preservation of the lives of those who had been
picked up, but unfortunately they were unsuccess-
ful in three cases out of the five.
The Queen has conveyed the expression of her ,
grief at the calamity and her sympathy with the I
afflicted parents and relatives.
The Eurydice lies in the following position:-
"Pitch of Dunnose W. S. W. 21 miles, Culver N.
N. E. I E., in eleven and a half fathoms." She is
upright and will probably be raised.
We take the following from the Army and Navy
Gazette of the 30th March.-The Inquest on the
bodies of Capt. Ferrier, Lieut. Tabor, and a sea-
men named Bennett, who died from the effects of
their immersion, was held at Ventnor, on Tuesday.
The bodies of Lieut. Tabor and Captain Ferrier
were identified by relatives, and that of Bennett by
the two survivors. The principal witnesses were
Cuddiford, Fletcher, and the captain of the Emma
schooner. Cuddiford, who said he was on deck
when the squall capsized the vessel, gave an ac-
count of the steps taken on board when the squall
came on. He said that as soon as it began to blow
the captain ordered the studding sail to be taken in,
which was done. He then ordered the royals to be
lowered, and the men went aloft for the purpose, but
were called down again for safety in consequence of
the force of the gale. The captain was giving .
other orders for reducing the sail when the vessel
turned on her side. She righted a little, and the
Captain then ordered the witness to get out the
cutter, and while the witness was, with the help of
others, endeavoring to do so, the vessel went down.
The witness saw the captain and a great number of
men go down with her. Six men clung to the bot-
tom of an overturned boat, but they were either
washed off or lot go their hold from the cold; and
the boatswain was clinging to a life-buoy. The
witness added that he and Fletcher had been in the
water about an hour and twenty minutes when
they were picked up. In answer to questions, he
stated that he had been in the Service twenty-one
years, and had never seen a squall come on so sud-
denly. The ship, he added, was properly ballasted,
but her ports were open on both sides. The capt.
and two of the crew of the Emma, which picked up
the survivors, said that the Eurydice was not carry-
ing more sail than she was justified in having
set, considering the weather which preceded the

ley's, purely for the advancement of science, for
you must remember this creature plays an import-
ant part in the theory of revelation-and there is
nothing like testing theories for one's self Fur-
thermore, had there even been only a vulgar curi-
osity to gratify, our consciences would have been
easy, for this same creature, when danger ap-
proaches, throws away its mouth and digestive
apparatus, and does not trouble itself to replace
them till necessity requires them. We have not yet
joined the company of the celestials by making our
first course off of them. And though, according to
the Greeks and Romans, other table delicacies are
to be found here, we have not seen fit to emulate
the examples of the worthy Lentulus, notwith-
standing that sea-eggs figured at the marriage
feast of a goddess.
Our first expedition was made under the direc-
tion of our considerate friends of Mont Clare, who
took us in their luxurious boat on a tour around
Harrington Sound, and afterwards caused us to be
served with a repast quite alfresco in a bewitching
little cove, sheltered from wind and wave, while
around screamed the gulls "sailing low." Another
day the obliging John took us out toward the reefs,
and we drew in large breaths of inspiration, and
gave in'our profound allegiance to the poets, who
have sung of the perfections of the coral groves.
Frantic were the endeavours made to disengage
some of these beauties from their resting places,
and it was not, until worn out with fatigue, that we
gave up the struggle for the day. Sundry little
shrieks heralded the finding of each interesting
specimen; and many were the shouts that greeted
the discomfited one, who sought to clutch and draw
forth the wavy anemone. As to adjectives, they
were long since exhausted, and complete silence
has now come to be considered the true indication
of sincere appreciation. We returned weary and
disappointed, but better fortune was even then
awaiting us. You know the gods send almonds to
those who have no teeth, and we are no exception.
Consider what it must be to traverse this wonder-
ful Sound with a guide who not only knows every

For the Bermuda Royal Gazette.

FLATTS VILLAGE, 12th April, 1878.
DEAR MR. EDITOR,-If those persons, who are in-
terested in the much vexed question of the still
vext Bermoothes," had been with our celebrated
Club during the last week, the aforesaid question
would have been both satisfactorily and definitively
settled. For such a gale-or in the vernacular of
the native-such a blow," is not in the memory of
the oldest inhabitant. We flattered ourselves when
we planted our feet on Bermuda's coral strand,
that we had permanently 'left behind us the regions
of the oldest inhabitant with his harrowing recol-
lections, which are always at best but cold comfoi t.
Alas, for human expectations! We came dovnu
just ahead of the storm, and the christian popula-
tion of this portion of an island described as'riding
on the ocean's bosom unespied' have been unchris-
tian enough to suggest that we brought the storm
with us! I do not stop to criticise the use of [the
word unespied,' and the consequent dreadful un-
certainty of mind it throws us into, but proceed at
once our defence to say, that although we con-
sider ourselves quite competent to stir up a small
whirlwind, we don't in the least hold ourselves
responsible for the late gale. That was something
gotten up by the Clerk of the weather without
consulting our wishes, and in fact we have been
thinking of indicting him for the same. For many
days we had been cheering ourselves with antici-
pations of calm seas and delicious skies, until we
acted over again the dream of Peretea and her can
of milk, with other flowers of our imagination.
Even our slumbers were invaded by desires of polyps,
and osterias, and the sluggish holotheriums who
throw themselves dry up on the beach all clamoring
to be dissected and dried.
No sooner, however, were we installed in our lux- t
curious quarters than the storm-cloud came, and
darkened the azure sea; and then, while the bar- i
barous winds blew, and shrieked, and roared, we'
fell to studying the sky and water in their won-
derfully, beautiful phases, till we felt the artistic
impulse moving strongly within us, and we sighed
for the pen of the poet, or the brush of the painter.
In lieu of the painter's skill we contented ourselves
with the constantly varying picture before us; and
since our poet laureate was not with us, Sylvia
chanted, with a tragic air, poems from the grand old
masters which make the whole world akin. You
would not believe us if we tried to describe the
wondrous moods of nature we have witnessed.
Genius alone could do justice to the glory of the
storm; and when the night in all majesty descended
upon the world of angry, seething waters, and
swallowed up everything in her murky blackness,
words cannot portray the grandeur of the scene.
How like helpless children the strongest feel during
such display of the tremendous power of the ele-
ments. The lightning flashed and the thunder
rolled, and we sent long, pitiful thoughts after the
Canima" gallantly wrestling with the horrors of
the Gulf Stream to preserve her fair and gallant
burdens, while the ocean sang his solemn songs and
the wild winds chanted. To many more than to us
did they seem to chant pecans for the strong and
brave, the tender and the fair, who all over the
world were finding at last in death the true reading
of life's enigmas. Strong, brave souls go down
about us every day, and all around us sound funeral
marches, and the gayest strains end all too soon in
a dying peal.
0 night,
And storm, and darkness grace wondrous stems,
Yet lonely in your strength as is the light
Of a dark eye in woman !"
Soon, wooed by the fragrance that never wooes
in vain, we said good night to the great ocean,
"uncontrollable, unreposed, untired," and gave
ourselves up to the fragrant coffee and the cheerful
lamplight, and we forthwith began to discourse of
the good old days when dear old Harem al Raschid
-may Allah bless kim !-used to go about lessen-
ing the sorrows of the poor, and moderating the
pleasures of the rich. It is said, you probably
know, Mr. Editor, that coffee gives a delightful
activity to the wits. I know not, whether the use
of this fragrant beverage has been the reason that
the Echo Club has been guilty of saying such
remarkably good and clever things; but the fact
stands that the members have coruscated in a won-
derful way, and wit has described parabolas that
were wonders of grace and brilliancy. We have
approximated to that ecstatic mean between bodily
and spiritual nourishment, and our great minds
have been predisposed to the teachings of mild
philosophy. In it we have steeped our senses, and
discussed with becoming gravity the perplexing
question of the ego and the non ego.
The morning after our translation to the Flatts,
we were pleasantly surprised to find ourselves un-
der the protection of the American flag. And, if we
had never before had reason to bless the Stars and
Stripes, we have now had daily cause to appreciate
the kindness and courtesy of the representatives of I
The United States who now make this place their
For many days work was practically at a stand.-
still, and, until Neptune waved his trident, and sent
the rebellious winds back to their caves, a breezy
walk along the shore was all that we could accom-
plish. There was a rapture in this, and an exhila-
ration too, for brief glimpses were vouchsafed us of
the treasures which these waters hold in such rich
abundance. We amused ourselves with a few ex.-
periments on the playful Holotharians. You may,
perhaps, set this down under the head of cruelty to
animals, and, for your peace of mind, I hasten to
assure you that the experiments were, like Hux-

Two rows of currant bushes stand next, the same dis-
tance apart. The rest of the ipaec is used for veget-
ables. While the ground is frozen, every Winter for
the last six years the soil has been lightly coated with
good stable manure. A moderate quantity of leached
ashes has also yearly been applied. The ground is
plowed just as soon in the Spring as frost is out and
the surface has dried. It is then thoroughly harrow.
ed and is ready to be planted. We plant about four
rods square in early potatoes immediately, using a
horse and plow to mark off the rows. We also mark
offrows by hand (as the plow would make them too
deep) for other vegetables, and plant at once peas,
lettuce, beets, etc., using perhaps two or three differ.
ent kind of seeds in the same row, as a part of a row
of some kinds of vegetables will satisfy our wants.
The remainder of the garden is planted in other ve-
getables from time to time as the season advances.
All the vegetables ,re kept in long rows extending
across the garden, and wide enough apart to admit
of a two-hoed cultivator passing between them. Al-
most all the cultivation is done by means of horse-
power. The ground is gone over nearly every week,
and is followed by a hoeing wherever necessary. The
little hand-hoeing necessary we find to be mere pas-
time. We do not wait for weeds to appear, but culti-
vate all the same, and thus are never troubled with
weeds. As soon as a crop ripens, as potatoes or peas,
we harvest them and plant the ground in cabbage or
turnips, and keep the cultivator going all Summer,
with not a weed to be seen. Now the consequence is,
the garden is ever a delight to us, every plant fresh
and vigorous, always full of every vegetable in its
season, in the greatest abundance, and the labor so
light that it is a pleasure. We dug last Summer in
this garden, the 25th of July, thirty-three bushels of
Early Rose potatoes, and in the Fall, eight lihushels
sweet potatoes, and pulled seven bushels of turnips,
without making mention of an endless variety of other
vegetables used, and stored away for family supply.
The way we manage the currant and gooseberry bush-
es will be the subject of another letter. I might also
say we have a separate garden for raspberries, grapes
and strawberries.-[Timothy Wilson, Henry Co., Ind.

treasure house in its watery limits, but is acquaint.
ed with all the seas on the globe, and can make a
dull day'bright with accounts of fortune's cruelty,
and wrecks by land and sea.
It is always easy, Mr. Editor, to find work in
this world, you will acknowledge ; but not so easy
to find relaxation. Let others puzzle their brains
over the best disposal of the industry of the human
race. We had discovered one of the best ways to
dispose of its leisure. Enjoyment is only what we
feel to be such. Certainly, there is one thing that
every body can learn in this enchanted island--en-
chanted, since we have settled that here Prosprero
worked his spells!-the art of being easily made
I must not forget to mention an aesthetic tea in a
house, rich with historic memories, and where the
graceful hostess spiced the entertainment with her
wit. Nor of a visit to a genuine cove 'in the sea,
where no doubt Euphrosyne sits and combs her
beautiful hair, these long, bright nights. What
a brave scramble we had up the rocks! The mys-
terious gloom of the place suggested an impromptu
rehearsal of a portion of Trovatore,' rendered all
the more tragic by the uncertainty of our steps -
proving that the wicked alone do not stand in slip-
pery places.
Alas! our week is up, and, unless the morning
brings a reprieve, we shall have to bid adieu to the
mahogany tree. The stately Leonora will flit back
to her home by the sea-the tender Griselda, sopun-
selfish and thoughtful will return to her work; and
the little Blumine will no longer grow weary of
sitting so still in the boat, for entire nous, she has no
mind to become food for fishes. As for Sylvia once
again, Fors, the Mnil-hearer, interposes to cut short
a week of health, wealth, and wisdom.

From the Brooklyn N. Y. Union-Argus, April 3.
Not much more than ten days ago the Russian
war party was chuckling over the isolation into
which it had forced" England. England was to
face single-handed the tremendous might of Rus.
sia,' and all the rest of Europe was to look on and
see the little "home of island mastiffs" obliterated
from the charts of modern geography, A statesman
in Washington, with the far-seeing eye of the
Honorable Elijah Pogram, clearly perceived that
in a year or two England would have completely
disappeared from political calculation and Russia
share with the United States the controlling autho.
rity of the universe. It doesn't look quite so much
that way at present. It seems to be Russia that is
out in the cold and not England. The bland an-
nouncement of the British Government that it will
not have any of the San Stefano treaty at any price
whatever, has struck the Muscovite dumb. Aus-
tria will not accept a single concession as the price
of her alliance. France declines to enter into any
combination against England. Germany will not
draw the sword for any foreign cause-and, there-
fore, Russia must abandon her treaty or else meet
England singlehanded, with Austria banging on
her flank, ready to be precipitated by the first miss
step, and the plague-stricken, desolate and even
hostile territory of Bulgaria and Roumania be-
tween her warworn soldiers and their home. This,
with bankruptcy certain to follow, and a frightful
popular revolution eager to explode on the signal
of one great military disaster, is how Russia enters
upon her work of obliterating England.

man has prepared a communication which he will
transmit to the House, concerning the Metropolis
disaster. He regards those who are responsible for
the construction of the vessel as censurable. He
also severely criticizes the Government Inspector
for neglect of duty. This Inspector, it is under-
stood, will be dismissed from the service.
A Railroad President Burnt to Death.-BosToN,
April 11.-John E. Lyon, President of the Boston,
Concord and Montreal Railroad, was burned to
death last night at the Pemigewasset House, at
Plymouth, N. H. Some time in the night he
arose, in consequence of illness, and fell to the
floor. A lamp he carried broke, setting fire to his

. Threatened Strike in England.-LoNDoN, Apl. 11.-
A meeting of the manufacturers of Blackburn, Pres,
ton and Burnley is to be held at Manchester to-
morrow to consider the threatened resistancee to
the ten per cent reduction in wages of operatives.
There seems to be great danger of a gigantic strike
and lockout throughout Lancashire.
Death of Prince Murat.-LONDON, April 11.-
Prince Napoleon Lucien Charles Joseph Francois
Murat, is dead.
The Price of Silver.-LoNDoN, April 11-4 p.m.-
The quotation of silver to-day is 54d per ounce.
The Russian Embassador at Paris has complain.
ed of the hostile tone of the French press, officially
owned, and is dissatisfied with the reply that the
Government is not responsible and that the journals
in question have been invited to be less aggressive.

Our garden is 8 rods long and 4 rods wide, being
the longest east and west. A row of quince bushes
and a cedar hedge separate it from the house yard.
One rod square in the southwest corner is used for
flowers, and one rod square in the northwest corner
for strawberries. Two rows of gooseberries run north
and south next east of these, the bushes six feet apart.


LONDON, April 4.-Sir Stafford Northcote, in ex-
laining the budget in the House of Commons to-
ight, stated that the revenue for 1877-78 had been
79,768,298, and expenditure 78,903,495. The
surplus for the past year was consequently 859,-
803. Of the six million vote three and a half mil-
lion had been actually expended, and some further
liabilities incurred. The surplus was thus con-
verted into a deficit of 2,640,000. The estimated
deficit for 1878-79 was 1,560,000. They proposed
to meet during the present year the deficit on or-
dinary expenditure, the supplementary estimates,
some portion of the outstanding debt and of the
treasury bonds. For this purpose they proposed to
increase the income tax two pence on the pound,
which they estimated would produce 8,000,000;
to increase the tobacco duty four pence per pound,
which they estimated would produce 750,000, and
to increase the dog tax in a manner estimated to
produce 100,000. But they proposed to make
some allowance in the assessment of the income tax
for depreciation in the value of machinery, and to
grant some exemptions from house tax in particular
circumstances. These reductions would cause a
loss of 80,000. Thus about 1,550,000 of a defi-
cit would be left over to next year.
The Chancellor trusted that the House and coun-
try would receive this statement in the same mag-
nificent manner in which the late calls of the Gov-
ernment had been responded to. (Cheers.)
LoNDON, April 4.-The House of Commons pass-
edthe resolutions in favor of the increase of the
tobacco duty and income tax.
IP In the Dominion House of Commons on the
nightfof the 10th instant, the HOD. Mr. McKenzie
gave notice that he would move an address
to HiA Excellency Lord Dufferin, Governor Gene-
ral, expressing the regret that the House feels on
th' occasion of his terminating his connection with
the Government of Canada.
Prince George won the Great Northamptonshire
stakes of 800 sovereigns, on the 10th inst.; Play-
fair second ; II Gladiateur third.
In consequence of the European political crisis
the Indian Government is considering certain pre-
cautionary measures.
The Cretan insurgents have been victorious over
the Turks in a four days' fight near Cydonia.
LowATs. (Eriobotrya Japonica).-S6me splendid
specimens of this fruit, grown in the grounds of
Mr. James Watkins, of this Parish, have been sent
to us during the past week. They are the largest
and best flavoured fruit of the kind we have ever
tasted. The Loquat, from its first introduction
here by Governor Sir William Reid, has been ra-
ther extensively cultivated, but still not near by so
much so as the little attention that is requisite in
its propagation-for it seems almost indigenous to
our soil and climate-would lead one to suppose.
The tree affords a delightful shade, a good share of
fuel, and is most prolific in its fruit-bearing quali-
ties. In the latter respect we may instance the
fact that a small tree transplanted in 1871 has
been bearing fruit for two seasons, and has this,
its second season of bearing, produced over half a
bushel of a most excellent flavour.
for trial on Thursday last, and worked very satisfac-
torily. Twenty pounds of steam was registered in
nine minutes from the time the fire was lit. It
forced the water up hill through 500 feet of hose
and threw the stream about 100 feet in height.
The machine being dirty did not work with the
same facility it would if clean. The couplings of
the hose leaked, never having been used before.
On the whole it may be considered a success.
ROYAL MARINES.-Captain Holt and Lieut. Horni-
blow, were to take passage in the Mail-boat of the 4th
April to relieve Captain Silver and Lieut. Hearle, whose
periods of service at Bermuda have expired.
WAR OFFICE, March 26-19th Foot.-Lieut. W. G.
W. MeClintoch, to be Captain, vice Brevet-Major W.
H' Moffat, retired on a pen ion ; Lieut. R. Phayre to
be Adjt. vice Lieut. A. J. Paterson promoted.
Potatoes ............... $8-50 to $9-00 per bl.
Onions ........... $600 to $6-50 per box.
Tomatoes...............4$100 to $1-25 per box.
An agent in New York writes to his correspon-
dent here:-" A great many tomatoes came out in
bad order and required overhauling-this is pro-
bably owing to the scarcity-which has induced
parties to pack over-ripe tomatoes. The above
price for onions is called a fancy price and is put
down to the small quantity arriving. Probable
price for this steamer $350 to $4'00."

^ '- A Supplement of Five Co-
IS hlumns accompanies this No. of the
"Gazette." It contains:-
Arrival of the "Canima"; Important news
from England and European Continent; The
murder of the Earl of Leitrim, rioting at his
funeral. Communications "Conservative,"
" A Resident."
BIRTH, at the Curragh, Ireland, on the 20th March,
the WIFE of Captain E. Stephens, R.E., of a DAUGH-

DIED, at her residence, St. David's Island, on Mon-
day morning, the 8th April, 1878, MRs. MARTHA
ALETTA CLEMENTs, relict of the late Joseph Briegs
Clements, Esqr., in the 70th year of her age ; leaving
three children, twelve grand children, a sorrowing sis-
ier, and a very large circle of relatives and friends to
mourn their sad bereavement.
The deceased lady had, by her kind and affectionate
disposition, won the love and esteem of all who knew
er; in her the poor and needy ever found a friend;
hers was the willing hand and heart ever ready to give
and glad to distribute; laying up in store for herself a
ood foundation against the time to come, that she may
obtain eternal life.-" Blessed are the dead who die in
the Lord."-(Com.)
......., at his residence in Devonshire Parish, on
Saturday last, the 13th inst., after a short illness, MR.
THOMAS PETER BURCH, aged 66 years; leaving a
widow, 10 children, 13 grandchildren, a sister and
other relatives and friends to mourn his departure.
" His end was peace."-(Comn)

For Sale,

Apply to
Mail Contractor, Somerset.
April 16th, 1878.

ON the evening of the 11th instant, on the
North Shore Road of Pembroke Parish,
East of the Ducking Stool,
*I Carriage ifng.
Whoever has found the same and will leave
t at the Gazette Office will be rewarded.
April 13, 1878.

Unreserved Furni.
ture Sale.

To Close Invoice,
To-morrow, Wednesday,
17th Instant, 12 o'clock,
SBLACK Walnut Parlor SUIT, in Black
Hair Cloth
1 Black Walnut SOFA and 12 CHAIRS
3 Center TABLES, Marble Tops
4 Dozen Oak Dining CHAIRS, (Cane Seat)
2 Black Walnut Bedroom SETS, very hand-
somely Finished with Marble Slabs and
French Walnut Pannels, &c.
Black Walnut BUREAUS,
Painted Chamber SETS and Separate pieces
4 Black Walnut Revolving Book CASES, (A
new invention)
2 Sewing MACHINES and 1 PERAMBU-
LATOR, &c.
Several Pieces of Ancient Furniture
Kitchen UTENSILS and Garden TOOLS
Floor CLOTH 3, 41 and 6 feet wide

Step LADDERSJJ, &c., &c.
Drums and Boxes Cod FISH
Wrapping PAPER Kegs NAILS all sizes
&c., &c.
Hamilton, 16th April, 1878.

For Benefit of Owners, Underwri-
ters and all Concerned.


At Hunter's Warehouses,
To-morrow, Wednesday,
The 17th Instant, At 12 M.
I4bo iI 1000 i7ush.I isndians

The same having been damaged by Sea Wa-
ter on board the British Barque Monarchy,"
Pearce, Master, on a voyage from New York
bound to Ireland, and on Survey recommend-
ed to be sold as above.


St. George's, Bermuda, )
April 16th, 1878. J

Colonist copy.

Pbcal and losltrumenlalt

Will be Given
Band 46th Regiment.


22nd April, 1878.
April 16th, 1878.

Mr. Win. B. Degar
O1 NE 173W "0o *
W OULD respectfully announce that
sponse to highly encouraging
from Friends and Patrons in Bermuda,
again visit these Islands Professionally
Classes in Dancing
In the Different Parishes,
The Terms will be for 24 Lessons, 2
Mr. Degarmo will leave New York
Steamer Canima," Thursday, April 2
will open the Classes about May 1st.
Subscribers will please leave their N
the Office of the Royal Gazette."
April 1st, 1878.-3 3p.


in re-
I .i. w ill

AUCTION SALE New York Mail Steamer.

At 12 M.
On Thursday next,
The 18th Instant,
Under th e Big Shed,
In Front of Our Stores,
50 BAGS OATS, 3 Bushels each
50 Bags BRAN 5 Bushels each
100 Superior HAMS
30 Barrels Peach Blow POTATOES
20 Barrels Corn MEAL
25 Drums Cod FISH
20 Tubs best New York BUTTER
10 Kegs Superior BUTTER
10 Kegs assorted Cut NAILS
10 Chests Oolong TEA
4 Kegs Pigs FEET
500 Lbs. OATMEAL
50 Reams Tomato PAPER
20 Barrels Bright Grocery SUGAR
A Lot of Dry GOODS.

Now Receiving from New York by
300 Boxes Superior HERR.NUGS

50 Quarter Bales Choice Il f4Y
without Wood, about 100 lbs. each.
Hamilton, 16th April, 1878.


We have Received Instructions from
Who is about to leave Bermuda,

To Sell at Public Auction,

The 26th inst.,

I*1/ It3 S ENS8E N'
A Superior Market WAGGON,
And a Large Lot of other Valuable Articles of
Furniture and Stores,
&c., &c., &c.
Particulars of which will appear in next
Tuesday's Gazette" and by Hand Bills.
Hamilton, April 15th, 1878.

:ale of Pews
I. St. John's Chierch
Pem broke.

Will be exposed to Public
Town IHlgI, IHamiGitonM,

The 27th April Instant, at 12 o'clock, Noon,
Pews in St. John's Church, Pembroke, Num-
bered respectively
2 56, 59 and 63.
church Vestry Clerk.
Pebroke Parish, April 15, 1878.-2
io be Sold.

BY BROADWOOI). Trichord Treble.



Apply to
F. J. P. SHAPCOTE, Esq., R.N.,
flonble, J. Harvey's Cottage,
Mangrove Bay, Somerset.
April 13, 1878.-2

Charles Johnson,

and or.

and A .ND S OEaVI K E IR,
Punctuality Guaranteed.
0 /. One door South of Mr. F. PAINTIN'S, turnaby
on the Street.
5th and Hlamilton, April 16, 1878.-2

ames at

ON Friday Evening 5th Instant,
between Paget and Hamilton,
Anyone bringing it to MR. WINTER, Ordnance
Office, Hamilton, will be Rewarded.
April 16th, 1878.

r HE Undersigned will pay highest Market
Rates for
Bermuda Produce,
Put up in approved manner for Shipment to
New York.
Hamilton, 2nd April, 1878.-4 3p.

To Farmers and Others.

Would Respectfully Solicit Consignments of

Bermuda Produce,
Throughout the present Crop Season.
Feeling confident that his long experience and
thorough acquaintance with the Business will
enable him to give every satisfaction.
42 Front Street, Hamilton,
Will receive and forward Consignments free of
Account Sales and Cash returns promptly made
58, 60 & 62 Centre Row, W. Washington.
Market, New York.
February 4, 1878.-3m. 3p.

The Steam Ship
S- "Canima,"
Will leave hncne for New York

18th April, at I P.M.,
To leave thence for return on
25th April.
All MAILS to close at tha Post Office at
10 a.m., on Thursday 18th.
Specie and Parcel List will close at 6 p.m.,
Wednesday, 17th instant.
Produce and other Freight will be received
until 6 p.m. Wednesday 17th instant.
Hills of Lading signed until 10 a.m. 18th inst.
Passenigcr.- Stage will be removed at 12'30
p.m., 18th instant.
Warehouse must be cleared on 20th inst.
The lBritish built Iron Steamer '" GENERAL
MEADE," with Capacity for 25 or 30 Pass-
engers, may be expected in place of the Flam-
borough" on Monday next, and will be the al-
ternate Steamer running with the Canima,"
for the season.
Barrels Potatoes..... .....60 Cents each.
Boxes Onions ....... ..... 25 Cents each. I
Boxes Beets ..............25 Cents each. }
Boxes Tomatoes..........10 Cents each. | 1
Crates Tomatoes...... ....30 Conts each. J
It will be noticed particularly that 5 Cents per
Crate of Onions and Tomatoes have been added
in the Freight Tariff.
Hamilton, Bermuda,
April 16th, 1878.

i Final Dividend of 5jd. in the pound,
making with those previously paid 12s.
5id. in the pound, is now in course of payment
ait the offices of the European Society Arhitra-
By order of the Arbitrator
i. LOWELL PRICE, ? Joint Official
JNO. YOUNG. Liquidator.
w 20th March, 1878.-2
S\Vestminister Chamberp, Victoria Street, S. W.

D ar r c t



55 Barrels Yellow Vacuum Pan

40 Bki. Straw Colored Vacuum Pan
40 Bis. 1st Quality White Do.
10 Bls. 2nd Do. Do. D)o.
100 Puncheons RUM
April 6th, 1878.-2 3p


Gazette only

Now Receiving,
Ex. S. S. CA/1J11.,
100 Bls. Choice 'Table

For Sale by
April 15th, 1878.-1


To Growers and Owners

IN consequence of the great increase in ship-
ments of Produce to New Yoik since the
season of 1874, we deem it necessary to give
notice, that we are ready to give our personal
attention as usual to all Shipments of Bermuda
I'roduce for New York made through us, but
without being responsible for the net proceeds
until paid to our order in New York, which will
be given to the New York Consignees for Sale,
by each vessel transporting a shipment.
When necessary to order Specie in return for
any shipment it will be insured at the expense
of the Owners interested, and Owners will
clearly understand that all the dangers of trans-
port are borne by them.
I amilton, Bermuda, to 30th June, 3p
February 9, 187.


To Importers from Barbados.

4'dJnnie Florence,'
FRITH, Master,
For this Port,

About 1st May,
And will take Freight at customary Rates.
UT- Orders forwarded by Mail leaving here
20th Inst., will reach Barbados in time for
above Vessel.
B. W. WALKER 4 Co.
Hamilton, April 8, 1878.-2 3p

By His Excellency Maior-
R. M. Laffan, K. C. M. G., Governor,
Major-General, Commander-in-Chief, Vice-
Governor d4 Comman. Admiral and Ordinarq in
der-in-Chief. and over these Islands, Irc.,
S8c., &c.
.1 Droclamat[on.
WVHllIERliAS this present CoiONIArL PAR-
LIAMENT stands Prorogued to SATUR-
DA. the 20th day of April, 1878, 1 have
thought fit further to Prorogue, and do hereby
further Prorogue the said COLONIAL PARLIA-
MENT, to TUESDAY, the Twenty-first day of
May, 1878, of which as well the memberss of the
Legislative Council as the Members of the House
of Assembly are hereby required to take no-
tice and to govern themselves accordingly.
Given under my Hand and the Great
Seal of these Islands, this
Fifteenth day of April, 1878,
and in the 41st year of
Her Majesty's Reign.
By His Excellency's Command,
Colonial Secretary.
1 God Save the Queen.

Her Majesty's Dockyard.

SEALED TENDERS for the erec-
tion of

To enclose the Naval Recreation
Ground at Somerset, will be received at my
Office up to noon of
Monday, the 22nd Inst.
Specification and particulars will be fur-
nished on application at the Clerk of Works
Office, Dockyard.
Tenders to be marked Fence," in left hand
corner of envelope.
Captain-in- Charge of Naval Establishments.
Bermuda Dockyard,
12th April, 1878.
Bermudian copy.

For Sale.

About the first week in May will be Sold,
Or6E LAWIDd sl,
(Can be used either as an open or close carriage)

.0I', DOG..CO-IRT,
Built at Quebec; Pole and Shafts complete.

One Cottage Piano,
Thoroughly acclimatised and recently put into
perfect order and tune.
For further particulars apply to TI E FLAG
0 LIEUTENANT, Clarence Hill.
April 13, 1878.


To Farmers and Shippers of

Bermuda Produce,
Consignments to
Messrs. E. L.OOMIS & Co.,
92 Barclay Street,
Are solicited by the Undersigned who will re-
ceive and forward same.
Returns made Promniptly.
Hamilton, March 4th, 1878.-to May 31 3p.

itcltaimed Letlters.
Garcia Augusta, Eugenia E Adams, Mrs C M Al.
len, Adelina Astwood, John E Berg, It Bedingfield,
Roza Bittacomte, Mrs Eliza Buttcrfield, Douglas
Cox, Thos Critten, J W Cook, Win Camae, Bern-
hard Carlson, Alice Cox, Mrs James Cox, Malvina
Cox, S E Darrell, Mary F Deshield, Spinalla Dina
George W Durant, Mrs Aary F Eve, ManuelFoer-
reira, M E Heath, Francis Hill, F T Hamilton, Mrs
Sarah Henry, Thomas H Howland, Laura J Jones,
Alexander Jones, Mrs Mingo Jones, James Lynch,
Wm Lightbourn (boatman), George Locke, Lynch
Bros, Bernhard Mora, Luiz Jose de Medeires, A M
Oudney, Jose Mariante Para, Thos Place, Alice
Platton, W 8 Robinson, Catharine T Robinson,
Wm Robinson, Francisco de Silveira, Henry Swan
Annie Smith, Augustus Smith (Spanish Point), H
D Smith, George Spencer Sr, Jas Fulton Smith, W
C Simmonds, Ann Seymour, James L Smith, J Fal-
coner Smith, George Nathaniel Swan, Mrs Scarls,
Ruthann Tucker, George Trott, John E Tatem, Jo.
aquim Vicira, Eleanor G White, B A Whitely,
Jess6 Williams, Robert White, Charles Williams.
Post Office, Hamilton, April 15, 1878.
MAILS FOR ENGLAND, United States, and
Dominion of Canada, per Steamer Canima," close
at the Post Office, Hamilton, on THURSDAY
next, at ten a.m Correspondence received in the
Forenoon mtils will be in time.
MAILS FOR ENGLAND, United States, Do.
minion of Canada, and Newfoundland, per 11. M. S.
'- Sirius," to HalifdX, close at the Post Office, Ham-
ilton, on FRIDAY next, at nine a.m.
FICE, ST. GEORGE, 15th April, 1878
William Albuoy, Mrs Barritt, Alex Blackc, B Bur-
chall, Anthony Ganey, Cha,lotte Johnson, Capt J
Long, H Lightboirne, Hfarry McA1llan, William
McCallan, A 8 Roys, John 11 Smith, Benj F Smith
Ssan Trott? Alfred White.


I" curp

*" ~
-~ ..i ___


From the British .1.' rcantile Gazette.
New South Wales of late years has been making
great progress as a colony. The great rush of im-
migrants to Victoria during the period which mig-ht
be termed its golden era, and the extra facilities
afforded to squatters for getting their wool to port,
gave Melbourne for twenty years a long lead, and
the go-ahead Victorians were wont to twit their
neighbouis with a lack of spirit and energy. But
for Victoria, as for California, the golden era has
passed ; -Ballarat and Sandhurst are shorn of much
of their pristine glory, and wool is the staple of Vic-
toria as is grain of the rich state which is the boast
of the Pacific slope. The pmci~,et.,i o. Melbourne
has been on the wane the a'. i, .: yo',, and to a
greater extent than can be laid to the credit to the
general stagnation of trade. The protectionist po-
licy of the Victorians has not h-lp~il to improve
matters, and successive Ministries have hardly con-
sulted the interests of the colony in d'-"un'..'iP"'
immigration. But whilst business has been lan-
guishing in the stately city on the banks of the
Yarra, the reverse has been the case at Sydney, and
Port Jackson, as a free port, has ;. ,fip.1 by the
Protection so fondly cherished by its rival. In-
creased and increasing trade has now p,1..' the
mother city,1of the Australias in a higher position,
both financially and as a mercantile centre, than
Melbourne can boast; and the extraordinary reve-
nue of New South Wales for the past two years has
been the wonder and envy of the whole Australian
Continent. Since 1874 the population has increas-
ed with rapid strides, land has risen in value all
round the capital, and the advantages of a free port
are abundantly manifested by the increased ton-
nage of the shipping at Port Jackson. The very
large revenue is mainly owing to the alienation of
the public lands, and Sydney Ministers are well
aware that they will not always have to deal with
an income which is double the amount of the ex-
penditure. But, meanwhile, with their coffers
* overflowing, they are making the very best use of
their opportunities, and the advantage they are
taking of the surplus revenue meets with universal
approval. Victoria for years has owed much of
her prosperity to the fact that her railways tapped
the Riverina district of New South Wales; so that
the wool and other produce of the richest tract of
the sister colony went south for shipment at Mel-
bourne instead of east to Sydney. The Govern-
ment of New South Wales is now devoting large
sums to the extension of its railways and roads, by
which means the best interests of the colony will be
advanced to an extent which is hardly appreciable
in England. But the Ministers now in office have
a serious difficulty to meet by reason of a great
want of labour; they have plenty of money to
spend if they can only get the hands to'do the work
they want. There are numbers of men i.t'.i:E.;r.
about the streets of Sydney who say that they are
out of work, but they are of a class known in most
countries, men who will never work if they can
manage to live idle. For real honest laborers there
is ample work at wages of double the rate paid in
England, and the recently arrived immigrants from
New York will have no reason for complaint.
Under these circumstances, the New South Wales
Government have voted a sum of100,000 to bring
immigrants into the colony. The Sydney Mail
writes :-"Extensive additions to our population
are required in the interests of the whole commu-
nity. There is a superabundant want of labour in
every part of the colony, but there is not a univer-
sal demand for it at prices that exceed its possible
worth." It would not be fair to entice immigrants
by holding forth to them promises of a speedy for-
tune. Men have to work hard in Australia as well
as in England. and an independence is not earned
in a couple of years. But those who are young
and strong, and willing to work, will find in New
South Wales a hearty welcome, ample scope for
labour, at wages averaging twice the amount paid
in England, cheap food, a splendid climate, and a
higher position in the social scale.

Great progress is being made with the immense
works at Chatham for the extension of the Dock-
yard, which will make this naval yard the finest and
mot important in the whole world. The works have
been in hand many years, and some four or five
years are likely to pass before the whole is complete.
ed, notwithstanding the fact that there are some
1,400 or 1,500 hands employed, the great majority
being convicts who are undergoing terms of penal
servitude. The cost of the enlargement when com-
plete will be considerably over 2,000,0001., and al-
ready about 1,800,0001. have been spent upon it,
The original estimate of the cost was 1,950,0001.,
but that estimate will be largely exceeded. The ex-
tension consists of three immense basins, which
will have a combined area of 74 acres, and four
large graving docks, sufficiently large to accommo-
date the largest vessel that is ever likely to-be built.
All the basins-repairing, factory, and fitting out-
are to be connected, so that a vessel, on being
launched, can be floated into the former and taken
out of the latter, fully equipped for sea. The re-
pairing basin is 21 acres in extent, and opens into
the Medway nearly opposite Upnor Castle, the
mouth of the basin being 80 feet in width. The
whole of the four docks abut on this basin, and
have been in use some time. The factory basin, is
20 acres in extent, and it is intended to e ect ex-
tensive workshops on the wharves for the construc-
tion and repair of engines and ,.',l-. o, as well as the
principal workshops required in iron ship-building.
Shears capable of lifting 100 tons have been erected

on the walls of this and the repairing basin. The
fitting-out basin will be the largest of the three, as
it will be 33 acres in extent, and it is in the con-
struction of this basin that wor-k is .now glin'f on.
In addition to the ordinary enli a;',-' from the river
to this basin it is intended to have two locks, clos-
ed at each end by caissors, and at the last visit of
the Lords of the Admiralty, the foundation stone
of one of the locks was laid by the First Lord. By
means of these locks vessels will be able to enter
and leave the basin without reducing the .at,:ri. in-
side. This is of great importance, as ,t "neap"
tide the level of the river is below that of the water in
the basins. These locks will also be of use in other
ways, as they can be pumped out and used as dry
docks for the examination of ship's bottoms. The
whole of the bricks required for the undertaking
have been made from the soil obtained from theex-
cavations for the basins, scme 20,000,000 a year be-
ing tu ned out by convict labour; and they are al-
s) employed now in making the bricks used in the
construction of the large fort at Borsted, near Roch-.
ester, which is one of the chain of forts to be erect-
ed for the defence of the garrison. The whole of
the works of the extension are under the direction
of Mr. E. A. Bernays, the civil engineer in charge
of Chatham dockyard. Wben finished, with all
the stores, workshops, &c., erected, the new portion
of the dockyard will be larger than the old yard,
and combined the dockyard will have a river front-
age of over three miles.-British Mail.

CLEVERLY CAUGHT.---This story is told of a Pro-
-fessor at Oxford. A student ot Baliol lost a parcel
of bank-notes. He told the master of his misfor-
tune, who in turn told him to say nothing about it,
took the numbers of the notes, and covered the
walls of Oxfoid with posters proclaiming the loss
but giving-wrong numbers for the notes. The
thief fell into the snare, offered one of the notes at
he Ibank, was promptly arrested, and all the notes
\I:( rccovemed. The shrewd Professor had given
the right numbers to the teller.

The peru.l of the following letter from the pen
of Mr. '.V ii; D. Marvel, which appeared in a
recent issue of Saward's Coal Trade ..., ",'.,' (New
York). gave us much pleasure, and we are glad to
have this opportunity of thanking Mr. Marvel for
his manly and outspoken sentiments.-(British 1Mer-
cantile Gazette.)
"In response to your i-.'..' ~., I have to say
that. my observations during a recent visit to Eng-
land, ,'ii not confirm the twaddle that we see so
much of in some of our American trade ppi:'.rs.
about the 1. .:it.' and ,' ,.'v of *Eii,..i'1."
"In a country so old, and so firmly established
in its !-...c,'f : 'i',,l and mercantile interests and
so rich in !.i:-.n:a i .1 capital in the form of mo-
ney, the very intelligence of the people capable of
accomplishing such accumulation, iv,.r-1, them to
take advantage of ,i.. i :-i1 times of depression,
when everything is cheap, to enlarge their facilities
and extend their connections.
In every direction, to-day, in England, one can
see new mills going up, new stores in process of
erection, new railroads Ln.ii-1'-:. and though it
may seem stranger yet, new iron works building-
one of the largest in the world just about being
completed at Middlesborough.
"It may be cheap comfort to :,,'..l minds
to read of the "decline and 'I.c.,,-: of England," but
to see the thing as it is, is simply to give the lie to
such mere twaddle.
True, there are some lines of goods, like steel,
iron and cotton, that the days of importation to
this country from El.;!.nd are gone by, but by rea-
son of E.o.:-. .V':, wonderful mercantile system, she
still holds the great outside markets of the world,
and those she will hold without fear of competition
from America so long as she (England) controls the
carrying trade as she now does.
"The secret of the great mercantile power of
England is that she barters in every market of the
world. She sends out ships loaded and brings
them home loaded. Where she sells there she buys.
With us we have to learn that such is the only
road to mercantile supremacy. If the raw mate-
rials of the world were amniti.:-.I to our ports, duty
free, we might see ships coming to us loaded, for
instance, with copper, ores and wool, which our
manufacturers could thus get at a cost to allow
them to compete and return manufactured goods.
Now, our woolen ri -, t are obliged, in
order to get wools of a certain grade, to buy them
in England, pay accumulated eb..v- and duty,
which at the start in the process of manufacturing,
sets them in first cost at just that much to the dis-
advantage in competing in the markets for the fin-
ished goods. I only illustrate this as one instance,
but it follows through the whole list in the same
"If I may be allowed my opinion, I may 7su;-',.
that, until our tariff is simplified, so as to admit all
raw materials free of duty, our navigation laws so
i.oiiie.1 as to admit of practical freedom to navi-
gate our waters, we may look with envious eyes to
the manufacturing and mercantile supremacy of
Lir:L.'...1, and watch and wait in vain for the De-
cline and decay of England."
New York, January 5, 1878.

The story of the four Polish doctors who were
hanged by the Russians at Sophia is given with full
particulars in the Neues Wiener 7T.'.'.f.I of the 24th
of February.
The Turks left the town on the approach of the
Russians in such haste that they had no time to re-
move their wounded ; these remained in the mili-
tary hospitals under the care of five .1.,-' who
trusted in the Geneva Convention to protect them.
All the doctors referred to were Poles, but four of
them were Austrian subjects, and none of them had
taken up arms against Russia. They :I;. I .part
of the sanitary department of the Turkish regular
army, and had been permitted to serve in it by
their respective governments. Three of them, doc-
tors of the Cracow University, were at once thrown
into prison.
The fourth, Dr. Gebhard, was supposed from his
name to be a German, and he was employed for a
few days as surgeon to the Russian wV.,-71l,.1-1; but
soon after the Russians discovered that he alo was
a Pole, and he was accordingly sent into prison
with his comrades. In vain did he prove that he
was an Austrian subject, that his elder brother was
secretary to the Supreme Court of Justice at
Vienna, ;,nd that he could not have taken part in
the Polish insurrection of 1863, as he was then only
thirteen years old. He and his three clc.,!!.i *,".
were taken to a public square in Sophia and there
The fifth doctor, M. Czerwinski, fortunately
possessed an English passport, and this saved his
life, the British Consul having interfered energeti-
cally on his behalf. Dr. Czerwinski was present at
the execution, and brought the terrible news to Dr.
Gebbard'% bi ,!i..r at Vienna.-Pall Mall Gazette.

The British Mail of March 1st contains a very in-
teresting article under the above heading, and for
the purpose of further circulating this important in-
formation we reprint that portion : -,!i:i' on the
remedy. Every one knows, says that journal, that
sleeping in a damp bed for example, or other expo-
sure to damp and could, will inevitably produce

rheumatic pains ; and the physician further knows
that the action of this dampness upon the system
is to check the excreting powers of the skin, and
thereby stop the elimination of effete matters, which
would oth*wiss have been carried off in the form
of perspiration, but, being rwa;iui', they accumu-
late in the blood, which thus becomes poisoned.
The great secret, however which hasb t it, research
is the precise nature of this poison, it being clear
that the only successful mode of treatment would be
one which would succeed in expelling from the
system the poisonous matters which are the imme-
diate cause of the -n.J1,.ii;g. The late Dr. Prout,
we are told, was the first. to suggest lactic acid as the
materies morbi; and Dr. Richardson. who is one of
highest authorities on these maladies, after many
experiments, is stated to have come to a similar
conclusion. This is by no means, however a set-
tled question and the consequence is, as great a
variety of modes of treatment at the present day as
at any previous time. Dr. Garrod may perhaps be
looked upon as the very highest authority on this
disease, and he.confirms the opinion of the two first-
mentioned doctors, that the true cause of rheuma-
tism and kindred diseases, is the accumulation of
lactic acid, so that if we can find a counteracting
agent for lactic acid, which will completely neu-
tralise it, it is plain we have a remedy for rheuma-
tism, Now Vickers' Antilactic, according to testi-
monials, does neutralize lactic acid, and quickly
expels it from the system. This fact, taken toge-
ther, with hundreds of experiments-one in partic-
ular, in which it is stated that over half a hundred
cases of acute rheumatism were treated with the
Antilactic, every one of which was cured within a
fortnight (the average period of treatment being
between six and seven days)-is a conclusive proof
that the lactic acid must be the cause of rheuma-

Miss Th:'nso, the Scotchwoman who lately shod
her horse with gold, has been placed in a British
asylum for the insane. She is the daughter of a
former civil official in Dumfries,

Some time ago, in noticing the movement begun
in Toronto for L vi.T ct-.'.- taverns, in which all
the freedom of intercourse and more than the per-
sonal comfort usually enjoyed in such places might
be had at charges within the reach of any working-
man, we referred to the Coffee Tavern Company
which had been ', gni.ail in London, England,
and was doing a good work there. From latest
accounts this Company promises to be both a finan-
cial and a social -.:,ce:. The tariffs at the differ-
ent taverns already established are very low, every-
thing is good and clean, and provision is made for
the supply of hot tea and coffee to out-door custo-
mers on very favourable terms. Workingmen can
bring their own bread and take their meals in those
taverns. They are supplied with newspapers also,
and if any wish to take a quiet smoke, they are not
forbidden. So long as he behaves himself decently,
a customer is never interfered with ; and a poor
woman or a tired workman may sit in peace and
comfort till it suits them to go.
So highly do the working classes appreciate the
boon thus offered to them, that in seven weeks after
one of these taverns was opened no less than 55,000
cups of hot cocoa, 25,000 cups of coffee and 8,000
cups of tea were sold at its bar, besides large quan-
tities of aerated drinks. The salhs brought in the
sum of 439. At another of these establishments
2,000 gallons of cocoa, coffee and tea, were sold in
a fta.l. hl; and in another, recently opened in the
Seven Dials, a still larger business is being .lone.
The Company is not organised primarily for the
purpose of making money, but it is not put on the
footing of a chi'iy. Five per cent is the highest
return allowed by the articles of co-partnery, and
everything goes to show that at the end of the first
year of operations there will be a dividend of 4 per
cent of clear profit.
It takes from 400 to 500 to start a coffee tav-
ern well, and, if it is ip:;p,;?..1 managed, it can be
made to pay from the first. The good beginning
made some months ago in the same direction in
Toronto will encourage others to follow in the same
course, and show that there is nothing in a tavern
necessarily connected with the use of intoxicating
liquors, except perhaps noise and too great a ten-
dency to quarrelsomeness and the use of improper
JarIn -,'.r .-Toronto, Canada, Paper.

THE DECAY or GOOD MANNERS.-One of the most
lamentable, if not the most marked feature in the
decay of fine manners, is to be observed in the
change which has come over the manner of men to-
wards women, or let me say, for fear I should be
misunderstood, of gentlemen towards ladies. We
will not conjure a storm of remonstrance by pre-
suming to decide who first began it." But we
need not be afraid to say that, even 'u.;.--.,'- it
was men who fi.,', led the decline down the path of
excessive familiarity, women have so affably fol-
lowed their lead, that it has become exceedingly
difficult for a man to preserve with some women
that distance which every well bread person feels,
and every thoughtful person must grant, is indes-
n.-,ihl to the maintenance in society of the due
relations of the sexes. When a woman playfully
tells you you are a pig," and addresses you with
exquisite humour, '' Oh, you beast!" it is difficult
to observe O',wad.; her that fineness of manner
which you imagined was her due. If she may call
you by such affectionate names, what may you not
call her in turn ? Why should you trouble yourself
to be decorous in the '7---,.- of a person to whom
decorum is p-,-n, ..,:tiy of so little moment? Why
should you not swear, loll, expectorate--if you like,
go to sleep? Why should you hand her a chair,
if she wants one ? She probably tells you, "I can
get it myself." Why should you not take her at her
word? Why rise when she rises? You are tired,
or at any rate you find it inconvenient, it is a
nuisance" to have to put oneself about so" for
women ; and certainly when women cease to thank
you for doing so, one of the motives for suffering
inconvenience has passed away. This is no ques-
tion of morals. I daresay women are as good as
ever they were. I believe they are. But their
manners are indisputably decaying. They no
longer silently exact that deferance from men which
is every woman's natural right, and which no sa-
gacious woman ever forfeits. She will not long re-
ceive it, even if she hankers after it, from her
"pig" and her beast." The consequence is that
men "swagger" in the presence of women to a de-
gree that even the women we speak of find it offen-
sive. They have corrupted men's manners; and
then they complain of the corruption. Corruption
optimipessima est; and there is nothing so sad as
lack of fine manners in a gentleman except the lack
of them in a lady.-" Cornhill Magazine"for March,

Very satisfactory reports are published concerning
the growth of the cinchona tree in Jamaica. It
appears that the seeds were first sown in that is-
land in 1860, and now, after seventeen years, 800
acres of land are occupied by plantations. No
fewer than 80,000 trees are now well grown, and
the seeds of these trees are already sowing them-
selves far and wide over*the country. When we
remember how terribly Jamaica has suffered, and
even now at times continues to suffer, from mala-
rious f3vers, it seems extraordinary that so many
years should have been l. ', t^o pass since the
Jesuit's bark first became known to Europeans,
before it was transplanted from the American
mainland in the island of Jamaica. It is very
- nearly three centuries since the Marquis of Cin-
chona was Viceroy of Peru, and it is to him that
the bark owes its name and European reputation.

Dr. Kenealy has issued another appeal to the
English public to aid in his million of sixpences
fund,in the course of which hesays :-Only 82 of the
sum has as yet been subscribed, and urging contri-
butors to hurry up" for the sake of Tichborne and
Magua Charta.

It is gravely stated that L3rd Rosebery has given
his b-' a .di, Miss Hannah Rotschild, the largest
s.'p.'hir,' known to exist. In its rough state it dis-
closed a flaw; but one dealer, who evidently is the
man to see further through a millstone than other
people, gave :., i,')H,'l for it. Polished, the sapphire
showed that the blemish was only, like beauty, skin
deep; and so he oL..i'.l $10,000 from it sale to
Lord Rosebery.
- -
Theodore .)uterbridge,

Reid Street, West of Royal Gazette" Office.

Ofice oIours-10 to 12 and I to 4.
Will Visit St. Georges, Tuesdays and Fri-


Orders Promptly Attended to.

Hamilton, October 2dth, 1876.

KtI. ~4 .



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.~ K.. '

Sordid T rinity Church,


7. '~ .~
4 ...~;.

Carry .~ the United St-oe
from New York


., e ,) AY
S t ea r"s hi p s
NEVADA sails March 26, at Noon.
11)A 110 sails April 2, at 4 p.m.
WVYOhIiLNG sails April 9, at 10 a.m.
\VISCONSIN sails April 16, at 4 p.m'
MONTANA sails April 23, at 10 a.m.
NEVADA sails April 30, at 3 p.m.
IDAtHO sails AVay 7, at 9 a.m.
The :above Steamers are built expressly for
the Trade, have five watertight bulkheads, and
carry ".i:cience:! Officers, Surgeons and Stew-
ardesses. The Saloon Accommodations are un-
surpassed by any Atlantic Steamers, and the
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ocean travel, perfect ventilation and light.
7;(, U.S. Mail Steamer Canima" from Ber.
wmuda, Thursdays, generally arrives ai New York
on ';'-..ys, and Passengers' bt;.,age can be
transferred direct to tie Liverpool Steamer sail-
ing next day.
29 Broadway, New York.
New York, March 14, 1878.

That very

or ir Znt.

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Apply to
January 29th, 1878.

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celebrated for neatly a century past, is of the very
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CAUTION.--Mesrss. j. & E. ATKINo.0 manu-
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Purchasers are cautioned to avoid counterfeits by
observing that each article is labOlled with the Firm
Trade Mlark,"a White Rose on a Golden Lyre,"
printed in seven colours,

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Adapted to the Standard of all Nations, Packed
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World's Fair, Vienna 1873
World's Fair, Santiago, (Chili) 1875
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The best Feeder known for Stationary, Marine,
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Oscillating Pump Co.'s Pump.
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,Nof tE gands no CHARGE fore Policies.
HsadCan be obtained from the n

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ISUKS taken both on RIEAL and PERSONAL
PROP'ERTY for 3, 6 or 12 months.
No FEES and no CHARGE for Policies.
Hm:ilton, Settember 9th, 185 '.

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SEau" of Dr. t ioltz for

rglllIS WATER is of an entirely vegetable
composition, and its use is quite inof-
Thanks to this peculiar quality which gives it
no rival, -D.. IIOLTZ's flair Dye has ntot the
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Guided by his medical knowledge and his
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compound a, dye which may be slyled as the
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GENERAL WAREHOUSE. IN P La CorIrespondance Parikienne,
4 Rue de la Tacherie, 4.

At the Royal Gazette" Stationery Store,
A Choice Selection of Childrens'

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Admiralty Court

Eg. MI. 2d inst. due
Easter Sunday

Full Moon, 17 day, 1 houi, 38 min. AM

every Tuesday by DONALD Ml'PHE LEE,
Printer to the Queen's o10st Excellent
31 ajesty,
North-west Corner of Reid and Burnaby Streets,
where Blanks, Hand-bills. &c., will be
printed at the shortest notice.-Agent
at St. Georges for the Royal Gazette,
JA41ES THIES, Esjr., Post Alaster General.

Supplement to the Bermuda Royal Galztte, Hamilton, Tuesday, April 16,1878.
-*------,r -

Front Europe and the United States.

The Mail Steamer Canima, Captain Liddicoat,
arrived at her wharf in this Town early yesterday
morning. She did not leave New York till 5 p.m.
of Thursday last.
The Canima had very severe weather on her pas-
sa'ge hence to New York,-constant heavy N. W.
gales-on one day only making 80 miles. She did
not reach New York till 5 p.m. of Tuesday the 9th
We are indebted to Captain Liddicoat, Mr.
Purser Gale, 1st Officer Mitchell, 2nd Officer Ast-
wood, and 2nd Engineer Miller, for files of Newv
York papers of the evening of the 11th instant.
Gold in New York on the llth, 100iths.
Shares Delaware and Hudson Canal, 541ths.
The Delaware and Hudson Canal was to be open
for navigation on the 11th instant.
The Steamer General Meade, it will be observed
by the notice in our to-day's isueby the Agents of
the Quebec and Gulf Ports Steam Company, will
take the place of the Flamborough on the line bet-
ween these Islands and New York during the
present crop season, in alternate trips with the
Canima. The G. M. will be due here on Monday
next. She is a superior screw steamer of 1003 tons,
is 211 feet long; was built at Stockton, England,
and has accommodations for from 25 to 30 passen-


The Marquis of Salisbury sends a Circular as For-
eign Secretary to the Powers of Europe.
LoNDON, April 1.-Sir Stafford Northcote, Chan-
cellor of the exchequer, announced in the House of
Commons this afternoon that Lord Salisbury has
been appointed Foreign Secretary. The Queen's
message for the calling out of the reserves was read
by the Speaker of the House. It is as follows :
The present state of public affairs in the East
* and the necessity of taking steps for the mainten-
ance of peace, and for the protection ofthe interests ol
the empire having constituted in the opinion of Her
Majesty, a case of great emergency, within the
meaning of the acts of Parliament in that behalf,
Her Majesty deems it proper to provide additional
means for the public service. Therefore, in pur-
suanes of those acts, Her Majesty has thought it
right to communicate to the House of Commons
that she is about to direct that the reserve force and
militia reserve force, or such part thereof as Her
Majesty may think necessary, be forthwith called
out for permanent service.
Discussion of the message was postponed until
Monday next. SirStafford Northcote, in reply to
a question by Lord Hartington, said that a circu-
lar has been sent to the powers by the British
Government, explaining the views of the Govern-
ment regarding the present position of affairs.
The Lord Chancellor read the royal message in
the House of Lords. Lord Beaconsfield intends to
move on Monday an address to the Crown, thank.
ing Her Majesty for the message.
The circular, which Sir Stafford Northcote said
had been sent to the powers, bears date of to-day
and is signed by the Marquis of Salisbury. It
summarizes all the recent correspondence, and after
giving Russia's refusal to consent to England's de-
mand relative to placing the treaty as a whole be-
fore the congress, continues as follows :
Her Majesty's Government deeply regret Russia's
decision. Even if a considerable portion of the
stipulations of the treaty were likely to be approv-
ed, Russia's reservation relative to their discussion
would, nevertheless, be open to most serious objec-
tion. Every material stipulation of the treaty in-
volves a departure from the treaty of 1856, and by
the declaration signed in London in 1871 it is im-
possible for Her Majesty's Government to acquiesce
in a withdrawal from the cognizance of the powers
of articles which are modifications of existing treat-
ies. The combined effect of the stipulations upon
the interests of the powers also furnishes a conclus-
ive reason against separate discussion of any one
portion of them. By the articles relative to new
Bulgaria, a strong Slav state will be created under
the auspices and control of Russia, who will thus
secure a preponderating political and commercial
influence in t'he Black and ,Egean seas. A consid-
erable Greek population, although it views the pros-
pect with alarm, will be merged into a Slav com-
munity alien to it. The provisions by which Rus-
sia will practically choose a ruler for Bulgaria,
while a Russian administrator frames and a Rus-
sian army controls the first working of its institu-
tions, sufficiently indicate of what political system
it will in the future form a part. The stipulations
for the better government of Thessaly and Epirus,
in themselves highly commendable, are accompan-
ied by conditions the general effect of which will be
to increase the power of Russia, to the prejudice ofl
Greece and every other country having interests in
the Eastern Mediterranean. The territorial sever-
ance of Constantinople from the European provin-
ces, still left under its government, will deprive the
Porte of any political strength which might have
been derived from their possession and expose their
inhabitants to serious risk of anarchy. The acquis-
ition of Bessarabia and Batoum makes Russia do-
minant over all the vicinity of the Black Sea, while
the acquisition of the Armenian strongholds secur-
es her influence over the population of the province
and enables her to arrest trade between Europe and
Persia. The indemnity stipulated for, is evidently
beyond Turkey's means, even not considering thepor-
tion of her revenue hypothecated to other creditors.

Its mode of payment being vaguely stated, it may
thus be demanded immediately, left to weigh down
the Porte's independence for many years, commut.
ed for more territory, or be made the means of en-
tirely subordinating Turkish to Russian policy.
'The combined effect of the treaty stipulations is to
depress, almost to the point of entire subjection, the
political independence of the Porte. It cannot be
otherwise than a matter of extreme solicitude to
Great Britain that a Government, whose formal ju-
risdiction extends over geographical positions of the
deepest interest to her, should be so closely pressed
by the political outposts of a greatly superior pow-
er that its independent action, and even existence,
is almost impossible. Large changes will doubtless
be necessary in hitherto existing treaties. England
earnestly desires good government and peace and
freedom for the populations, to whom those bless-
ings have been strange. She would willingly have
entered a congress in which the stipulations could
be examined as a whole; but neither British inter-
ests nor the well being of the Turkish provinces
Would be consulted by the assembling of a congress
restricted by Prince Gortschakeff's latest reserva-

Warlike Preparations of the Russians and Turks.
England Hurrying up Torpedo Boats. Gort-
schakoff's Circular Not Considered Reassuring.
British Cabinet Secrets.
CONSTANTINOPLE, April 11.-Defensive works
near Constantinople are being carried on with
great energy. The Turkish authorities at the
Land of Tenedos have requested instructions from
the Porte, in view of the disembarkation of British
marines to guard a depot of war material on the
England Still Preparing.-LoNDoN, April 11.-
For the protection ot the ships in the Mediterranean

from torpedoes, a number of steam launches will
be sent to Ismid and other stations. A number of
torpedo boats were sent from Chatham Dockyard
to the Mediterranean yesterday. A chartered
steamer is now loading a large number at Victoria
Docks, the intention being to supply each vessel of
the fleet with at least two torpedo boats. Additi-
onal thirty-eight-ton guns are also shipping for the
Mediterranean in London Docks,
The warlike preparations of the Russians and
Turks about Constantinople continue.
Political vs. Sanitary.-The Servians have estab-
lished two day's quarantine on the Austrian fron-
tier. It is believed that this is rather from politi-
cal than sanitary reasons. Apprehensions are ex-
pressed in Bucharest that the Russians intend en-
forcing strict martial law.
A Bucharest journal says that Prince Gortscha-
koff has requested the government to repress the
bitter tone of the Roumanian press regarding Bes-
sarabia and the two years' occupation of Bulgaria.
Gortschokof's Circular.-ST. PETERSBURGH, April
11.-Prince Gortscbakoff's circular to the Ambas-
sadors, accompanying his reply to Lord Salisbury's
circular, regrets that the latter, besides criticising
the Treaty of San Stefano, did not say what the
British Government desires. He believes that, if
Lord Salisbury will make known their wishes, a
better understanding of the situation maybe reached.
As to a Congress, the circular says :--" Russia can
only reiterate the declaration that each Power,
.Russia included, would have full liberty of appre-
ciation and action."
Its Effect in England.-The ultimate effect of
Prince Gortsehakoff's circular is not reassuring.
It is pointed out here that the government cannot
accept the invitation to formulate counter proposals
in consequence of their view, that the question
must be settled by the Powers jointly. In Vienna,
where only a telegraphic summary has yet been
received, the most serious deduction is that the
hope heretofore held out from St. Petersburgh of a
renewal of the Conference negotiations is not con-
firmed by Prince Gortschakoff's circular, which
says nothing about accepting England's condition
f for going to a Congress. Without some such con-
r cession on the part of Russia, no step can be taken
toward a peaceful settlement. The suddenness
with which the circular was telegraphed to Lon-
don during the debate on the address to the Queen
excites remark.
t In the. Rouse of Commons.-The special edition of
the'Times containing it was issued about eight
I o'clock Tuesday' night. Sir Win. Vernon-Har-
r court and Mr. Leonard Henry Cortney, liberals,
distributed the papers in the House of Commons.
The text of the circular was published in the origi-
1nal French. The inference is that the circular
was specially framed with the view of influencing
public opinion here and hurried into the hands of
members of Parliament in the hope of affecting the
vote on the address.
A special despatch from London to the Edin-
burgh Scotsman says that the secret determinations
of the Cabinet which Lord Derby spoke of as com-
pelling his retirement therefrom were the seizure of
Gallipoli and the landing of an army corps in Ana-
Examining the Turkish Works.--LONDox, April
t 11.-A special despatch to the Times, from San
r Stefano, says :-'" The Grand Duke Nicholas and
Generals Gourko, Skobeloff, Nepokoitchitzky,
Shouvaloff, and Levitzky, with a large staff and
escort of fifty cavalry, yesterday visited the princi-
pal defensive works lately commenced by the Turks
between San Stefano and Constantinople, and then
embarked on board the Imperial yacht Livadia for
the city. The erection of these defences has caus-
- ed great indignation. The Grand Duke Nicholas
bas obtained an order to stop it. It is rumored
that Osman Pasha ordered the construction of the
works without the knowledge of Reouf Pasha, War
Minister, at the instigation of Mr. Layard, the
British Ambassador, who is accused of trying to
bring on a war between Russia and England.
"The despatch of Turkish reinforcements to
Thessaly has been countermanded.
"A telegraph cable has been laid through the
Dardanelles to Cartal, affording direct communi-
r cation with Europe, without passing through Rus-
sian stations."
A Speck of War-Russian Violation of a British
. Consulate.- CONSTANTINOPLE, April 8.-Mr. Layard,
the British Ambassador, has received a report from
Mr. Reade, the British Consul at Rustchuk, claim-
ing satisfaction from the Russian Government for
the outrage committed by Russian troops in enter-
Sing the Consulate there and taking possession of its
Sarchives, notwithstanding that the British flag was
hoisted over the building at the time.
o LONDON, April 3.-The following further details
Sof the assassination of the Earl of Leitrim and his
clerk and driver have been telegraphed from Dub-
lin:-" The Earl of Leitrim left his residence at
Milford shortly before 8 o'clock yesterday morning,
accompanied by his clerk, and was driving on an
Outside car to Derry to meet his solicitor. He
Always carried arms. It is supposed that the as-
sassins concealed themselves behind alow embank-
Sment, between the road and plantation, and that
having first shot the Earl, they shot the clerk and
the driver, so there might be no witnesses. His
Lordship's valet was driving about a mile behind,
and on coming up found his master and the clerk
lying dead on the road. Life was still in the driv-
Ser. The assassins meanwhile escaped in a boat

across Mulroy Bay. The valet drove back to Mil-
ford and alarmed the police, who, coming to the
place, found the driver still alive, but unconscious.
He died shortly afterward. There is no doubt that
the murder was agrarian. The relations between
the Earl of Leitrim and his tenants were unfriend-
ly. His Lordship was kind and liberal to the poor,
but was very particular and exacting in his deal-
ings with his tenantry, visiting witH unsparing se-
verity the slightest infraction of the rules of the
estate. Tle Riband Society. have a strong hold
upon the country, owing, in a great measure, to his
.harshness. He had an iron will which disregarded
alike appeals or menaces, and he possessed extra-
ordinary courage and perseverance in the pursuit
of his purposes."
The Times, in an editorial on the assassination,
says :-" It is no exaggeration to say that the news
of the murder of the Earl of Leitrim, which caused
a profound sensation in the House of Commons
yesterday, when confirmed by the Irish Secretary,
has struck this country with as much pain and
amazement as an unprovoked declaration of war."
LoNDON, April 4.-Two men named McTaggart
and Friel have been arrested on board a steamer
going from Rathmullen to Londonderry on suspi-
cion of complicity in the murder of Lord Leitrim.
DuBLiN MOB.-LONDON, April 11.-The scenes at
Lord Leitrim's funeral in Dublin yesterday were
very violent and disgraceful. The mob that gath-
ered in front of the church endeavored to capture
the hearse, declaring their intention to drag out the
corpse. They called the late Earl an "old ruffian"
and heretic." They also climbed the wall of the
churchyard, hustled the mourners, and cheered,
yelled and hissed, during the reading of the service.
Several mourners were rottghly handled, while en-
deavoring to make their way into the churchyard.
All of them had to pass out by an unfrequented
way in the rear of the church, in order to escape
violence. Fifty constables were present, but they
were wholly insufficient to cope with the mob,
many of whom were drunk.

For the Royal Gazette.
In the Royal Gazette of the 12th of February last
past, a writer introduced himself as a Guest" at a
certain meeting held on the previous 13th of December,
at which, by his account, a number of persons were as-
sembled; and "as it would have been useless to call
such a meeting without having something prepared for
them to talk about and think about," they were invited
to pass a resolution to Disestablish the Church of Eng-
land in Bermuda, lest it may hereafter be Disendowed.
It is to be regretted that the resolve had not been lor
the abolition of the growth of the Irish Potatoe in these-
Islands to prevent any possible incursion of the Colo-
rado beetle, which resolve would have produced an un-
limited quantity of thinking and talking, and would.
have possessed the greater advantage of more quickly
arousing that general public opposition, which the
"something prepared" then introduced, as justly merits.
Guest," however, treated of the meeting above-
mentioned as informal in its character and, after the
manner of mosquitoes, hummed a lulling "no harm."
On the 19th, having been probed, he stated "the Home
Government declines to give us another Bishop, and the
Colonial Government refuses to pay the Clergy." This
statement was right in the face of the fact that the En-
dowment bill had recently been extended for five years.
and, as the See of Newfoundland has since been filled,
there seems to be everything unreliable about the bal-
ance of his statements on that date. It is highly char-
acteristic of" Guest" to deal so largely in thanks, that
the Churches have so much property and are so free
from debt. He seems to forget that all of these valu-
able points have been attained, under the influences of
the establishment which he now professes can be done
It is by the Gazette of the 5th of Maich, that the real
aim of the no harm" writer, of the 12th of the previous
month, has been exposed by his advocating the securing
of a low priced Bishop to "take upon him the duties of
Trinity Church." He stated that the want of Church
support of other countries arises from a division of sen-
timent and by silence. endeavoured to establish a hy-
pothesis of a unity existing here, forgetting that the
condition of the Parish of St. Georges is sufficient to
contradict any supposition of that kind, in an instant.
Guest" went on, however, and borrowed the one part
only of the speech of Mr. Forster, M.P., of Bradford,
England, which alone suited his views ; doubtless in the
expectation, that that single sentiment would be cred-
ited to his, the borrower's genius, and be doubly valu-
able with his endorsement. On the 26th of March he
announced, The Church Question Settled," and laps-
ed into weak wanderings about voluntary contributions
in lieu of pecuniary aid likely to be withdrawn, and quo-
tations from the Bible, much to be regretted, as they
are mixed with matter which breathed of an over anxiety
for financial exchange, rather than of religion, and fin-
ally, even endangered the Church Society in public
opinion, by hinting its tendency toward this new state
of things from the time of the original draughting of its
rules. The only truth discoverable about Guest's"
whole correspondence is, that he has advocated a Dis-
establishment of congregations and an establishing of a
Synod; a taking away, by the twisting of the Law, of
the nine Parish Churches and their properties from the
Parishioners, to whom they have come as venerated
heirlooms, and a giving of them to a body of men who
may become most intolerably arbitrary. The law, by
the newly proposed plan, is no longer to have the honor
of providing for the loyal and religious training of the
people by opening Churches regularly every Sunday, and
insisting that every man, woman and child who will take
advantage of the opportunities thus afforded, can be in-
structed in the teaching of the Bible and join in prayers
for the welfare of Her Majesty and the Colonial Gov-
All of these changes have been advocated in order
that an ideal low priced Bishop shall be Rector of Trin-
ity Church. In England congregations are depending
on the firmness of the Bishops to keep them free from
disagreeable contentions with clergymen who have
adopted ritualistic views. Guest" has proposed that
his ideal Bermuda Bishop shall be Rector of the very
Church, which above all others in this Colony, has
leaned toward ritualism.
Newspaper correspondence is useful but it should deal
with the truth. Guest" never has been a candid
writer. The object of this is to advocate the prepara-
tion of Churchmen throughout Bermuda to resist in
every way the proposed changes, and to be ready to pe-
tition the Legislature to lay aside all Sectarian Views
and not to be hasty to disestablish, its best school for
public moral and loyal training, and thereby throw at
least two-thirds of the population, into a state of most
unwholesome confusion. CONSERVATIVE.

To the Editor of the Royal Gazette.
SiR.-In looking over a number of the Bermuda"
so-called Times and Advocate" of 30th ult., I noticed
among its usual ridiculous publications, a piece, ques-
tioning the good sense of the Corporation for providing
a good Fire Engine for the use of the Town of Hamilton.
The writer of this paragraph says in one place-" The
question which naturally arises in the public mind is,
for what purpose is a steam engine required P" Allow
me to say, Mr. Editor, that the public mind has asked
no such question. It is the narrow mind of the Editor
himself; but in answer to his query I would say, the
need of a good-and if need be-a steam fire engine, as
a precautionary measure, has from time to time been
expressed by at least three-fourths of the- inhabitants
of the Town of Hamilton; not because they have been
sufferers from the frequent occurrence of fires, but be-
cause it is right and proper that every town (and es-
pecially one so closely built as is ours) should have the
means at hand of extinguishing any fire which might
chance to break out; and it is to meet this long ex-
pressed need that the Corporation have provided a good
engine. True, no fires of importance have occurred
for the last six years, but does, it follow that one of
alarming proportions may not break out this year, or
even this very night, and what. in such a case could
save our Town from ashes, if we had not the means of
preventing its spread ? I would also inform this phi-
losopher that stone houses are not a preventive of con-
flagrations, else, why does London have fires ? Why
was Chicago in flames ? and why are fires of constant
occurrence in many other cities and towns that are
built of stone as well as our own P The writer con-

eludes by speaking of the necessity of a Colonial
Steamer, but I would say .for his information that a
steamer could not answer the purposes of a Fire En-
gine, any more than a Fire Engine could serve the pur-
poses of a steamer, and again, it is the duty of the Le-
gislature to look out for a Colonial Steamer, and the
duty of the Corporation to provide a Fire Engine, which
they have-all credit due to .them-most wisely done.
In conclusion, I would advise the writer referred to, for
the future to think before he writes and save the public
the annoyance of again reading the like weakly pro-
ductions. Yours respectfully, A RESIDENT.

From the News of the World, March 10.
The Treaty of Peace between Russia and Turkey
has been signed, and thus ends the first act of the
Eastern tragedy. The event has been celebrated in
the camp at San Stefano by a grand review of up-
wards of 30,000 soldiers, and by rejoicings at St.
Petersburg. The second act may be of more serious
importance. Russia and Turkey have settled their
differences, but the danger is not nearly over. Russia
has to vindicate her possession of territory in which
other GreatPowers take a very lively interest, which
they had guaranteed to the Sultan, and cannot be
transferred without their consent. The Plenipo-
tentiaries of North Germany, Austro-Hungary, Great
Britain, Italy, Russia and Turkey in the Protocol of
1871 recognized as an essential principle of the law
of nations that no Power can liberate itself from
the engagements of a treaty, nor modify the stipula-
tions thereof, unless with the consent of the con-
tracting Powers by means of an amicable arrange-
ment." Russia has to get over that. All the other
signataries have considered it a point of honour as
well as an obligation of international law to abide by
it. We hope for peace. But the Treaty of San
Stefano does not ensure it. The Army of Violated
Faith forced its way to Constantinople with an air
of defiance, and the proceedings have been regarded
with amazement. Russia has been massing her troops
in the immediate neighbourhood of Constantinople, and
making military preparations throughout heridomin-
ions, which are evidently intended to renderiher all.

potential in the Conference. The interests of this
country have been, and still may be, so directly
menaced that even placid Lord Derby has thought
it desirable preparations should be made for a pos-
sible collision. It is sad to think such preparations
should be needed, and it is only now that serious in-
quiry is made as to what means we possess for
warfare. When the Crimean war occurred it be-
came a matter of painful notoriety that our Govern-
ment was in a state of utter unpreparedness, and if
it had not been for the brave endurance and steadfast
resolution of our soldiers the result would have been
a terrible disaster instead of a great victory. Now:
we have the assurance of Sir Garnet Wolseley that
we were never so strong in a military sense as we
are at present;" which is a gratifying thing to hear.
" I have heard it said," observes the Chief of the Staff
of Lord Napier, that we cannot go to war because
we'are not ready. I should like to know when we
ever were or ever can be so ready. Our constitution
secures us liberty and freedom of speech, but its
very excellence precludes the possibility of the
nation being ever prepared for war." We should
like to know, then, for what purpose the military
estimates are provided. An army so expensive ought
to be ready for service at any moment. The six
millions recently voted by Parliament are being
spent in filling the magazines with naval and military
stores; so that we ought not to be unready to meet
any emergency. Sir Garnet Wolseley is sensible
that many important alterations for good have been
made since 1854, of which none is more remarkable
or more calculated to reform the British Army than
the progress made by its officers in professional edu-
cation; but he very emphatically says, and in this he
will be supported by public opinion, "It is, from my
point of view, to be regretted above all things that
these professional examinations are not carried still
further, by insisting that no man shall be given com-
mand of a regiment or made a general officer until
he has passed a severe examination in tactics, stra-
tegy, fortification and other important subjects.
The time has now arrived when no man should be
made a colonel or a general who is not a thorough
master of his art-" Amateur officers are the bane of
our army, and should be resolutely excluded. The
pleasure of wearing regimentals and having a military
handle to a name is pleasing to individuals and might
not be offensive if an everlasting peace among nations
were possible, but it would be only under such an
impossible occurrence that it could be generally en-
dured. We rejoice to hear that the Chief of the Staff
is of opinion that the days of special instructors for
the education of recruits are numbered," and that
"company and troop officers must learn to teach
their own men to drill, to shoot, and to ride without
the assistance of muskety and gunnery instructors
and riding-masters." When the desirable reform
thus indicated is effected the British Army will be in
a more satisfactory condition than it is. Every sol-
dier, from the Commander-in -Chief to the recruit
of yesterday, should be a workman in his way intent
upon the satisfactory performance of what he has to
do, and letting nothing be done by proxy.
Sir Garnet Wolseley has a great opinion of the
volunteers, who learn their drill quicker than re-
cruits for the militia in the army, for they come
from a higher stratum in the social scale of life.
It has been objected by military critics that he
assumes too much in reckoning the volunteers as a
very important part of the force to be brought into
action. The militia, although its weak points are
acknowledged, is believed to be an element of
strength to the country, unobtainable under any
other conditions as long as our military system is
based upon voluntary recruiting. "It draws into
the military net," Sir Garnet Wolseley says, "men
of aspirations and ideas different from those of the
army recruit. It has the very great merit of being
a cheap force, and in every respect fulfils the object
for which it-is maintained. It is not designed for
active service out of England, and before we can
be invaded we should have time afforded us to
convert it into a most reliable body of infantry."
But here again-'is a drawback. One of its iveak
points is the little military knowledge possessed by
its officers and non-commissioned officers," a serious
drawback indeed, for with unskilled and incompetent
officers militia men would be scattered about the
field like a flock of sheep. It is somewhat reassur-
ing to hear that all the adjutants are officers now
holding commissions in the regular army, and also that
there are many old soldiers in the force. According
ing to our existing military system, upon war being
declared the militia is called out and hands over its
reserves at once to the line, who, together with our
first-class army reserve, -would, according to the
Chief of the Staff, "give us about 40,000 good men
to bring up our line battalions to the war strength.
Our second class army reserve, consisting of old
soldiers, would supply us with about 15,000 bayon-
ets. The four companies of regular infant y now
at each of the 70 brigade depots would at once begin
recruiting locally. To them would be despatched
all the men who last year joined the battalions it is
intended to engage in active service. There is at
present a considerable number of men in the country
who, having completed their 10 years' army engage-
ments, are employed in civil vocations. A large
proportion of them could easily be induced to re-
engage for any popular war by the offer of a good
field allowance whilst it lasted, and the prospect of
a bonus on discharge, calculated at the rate of about
1 per month for the time they are called upon to
serve. In no country would it be so easy as in ours
to raise a special corps from the waifs and strays of
the middle and upper classes, and under carefully
selected officers it would be the finest military body
in the world." Sir Garnet Wolseley is equally
sanguiae with regard to other branches of the ser-
vice; so that if the Russians should compel us to
fight, against our will, we are likely to be well

French political observers, estimating the resour-
ces of England, consider the Russans foolhardy in
provoking the resentment of this country.
The population of England," says the Republique
Francaise, "* is now nearly equal to that of France,
to that of Austria, and to half that of Russia in
Europe. Ireland, reconciled, speaks no longer of
separation; Canada and Australia could furnish in
case of need a very powerful contingent to aid
England; and India may be considered as an
unlimited recruiting field, although we can hardly
say with confidence what would be the attitude of
its population in the event of a war with Russia.
But, only taking into account the 33,500,000 inhab-
itants within the British Islands, we may judge of
what kind of resistance they would make by the
trouble which 5,500,000 of Southern Americans gave
during a period of three years to the masses of the
North. As for the public wealth of England, the
national debt is estimated at 640 millions sterling,
and its public wealth at 7,680 millions sterling.
Thus we see by how much she could increase her
present debt before attaining the proportion which
existed between the national debt and public wealth
sixty years ago; she is, therefore, at the present
moment in a position to enfer on the expenses of a
struggle as long as the campaigns from 1792 to 1815,.
with the prospect of coming out of it in the condition
in which she was placed at the fall of Napoleon."
But it is the universal opinion in England that war
would be a great iniquity, an unpardonable crime.
Before the first shot was fired, or the first blood
drawn, every argument that the wisdom of states-
men could suggest should be employed, every sacri-
fice compatible with honor should be made. Our
national conscience would then be acquitted of
blame. If Russia, in its desire to overawe the
civilized world, compel us to fight, it is shown that
we have resources to sustain the conflict, and the
future we can contemplate without fear and without
apprehension of shame. We hope, however, that
the Russian demands will, at the Conference,beo
reduced to whatimay fairlyjbe conceded tola con-


OF MERIT, Philadelphia, 1876.
THE GOLD MEDAL. Paris, 1870.
OF HONOUR, Paris, 1874.
THE PRIZE MEDAL, London, 1862.
Netherlands International Exhibition, 1869. etc.
Patentented 1862, 868, 1871, and 875,in

1 ILBERT I. BAU HER'S Prize Medal,
Drawing- Room ORGANS,
From 8 guins. to 3oo gums.
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with the Patent Perfect Check
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I have examined Messrs.
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I have great pleasure in certifying to the fine, rich, and
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1Jron FREDERICK GUILLAUME, Chevelier de Liguro,
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*,* Illustrated Price Lists and Descriptionswith Opinions
of the London Press and Musical Profession, forwarded
Post Free upon application.



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