Group Title: Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder.
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: D.M. Lee
Place of Publication: Hamilton Bermuda
Publication Date: -1920
Frequency: three times a week[jan. 1910-dec. 1920]
weekly[ former 1828-]
semiweekly[ former -dec. 1909]
three times a week
Subject: Newspapers -- Hamilton (Bermuda Islands)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Bermuda Islands   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bermuda Islands -- Hamilton
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1828?
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 93, no. 153 (Dec. 30, 1920).
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Jan. 22, 1828).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076588
Volume ID: VID00305
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 46887227
lccn - sn2003060500
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bermuda gazette (Hamilton, Bermuda Islands : 1821)
Succeeded by: Bermuda colonist
Succeeded by: Royal gazette and colonist daily

Full Text


, 1II. -Vy. :L1. STATZ SUPER VIAS ANTXZQA.S. 24s per Ann

familton,. Bermuda, T'iesday, .Plarcl, I IST7S.

I I I 1ill

For the Bermuda Royal Gazette.
Among the various pursuits which occupy the
attention of man, whether considered as regards
profit or amusement, there are few that hold a
more distinguished place than horticulture. Hor.
. tioulture, with its twin sister Agriculture, may be
considered as the immediate preotraors of human
civilization. Iu the primeval ages of the world,
before luxury had established its control over every
other relation of human life, when the wants and
necessities of man were confined to his native soil,
we everywhere find that the garden was the pri-
mary object of his industry, and the principal
source by which he got his existence. With the
-lapse of years the benefits of Horticulture gradually
developed themselves, so much so that the Princes
and nobility of Great Britain condescended to de-
scend from their high estate to wield the spade
and the plough. By example they have stimu-
lated their tenants to such a degree that, before I
left England, the gardeners and farmers were tak-
ing as much from one acre as they formerly took
from three, and with one-fourth the labour, by the
intyduction of labour-saving machinery. How
many of the merchant princes of these Islands are
there that are now wielding the spade and the
plough who would be willing to introduce a sys-
tematic mode of management of their grounds and
fruits P Wherever I have travelled in these
Islands I have found the fruit-trees dying, for
the want of intelligent labour. By enquiry, just
for the purpose of finding out what would be the
excuse, in every case the fault was "the country
and climate." Not man's fault! No, no, not at
all! My opinion is altogether the reverse. A
better climate and a better country for fruits and
vegetables a man never put foot on; and anything
said to the contrary is gross ingratitude. The
fruits of these Islands are lost for the want of in-
telligent labour. I came to the conclusion that
the dying-out of the lemon and orange trees was
caused through not cutting off the tap roots of 'the
trees before planting, and that these tap roots had
got down into the lower cold subsoil. By actual
demonstration I found that I was right.
:, As I have not heard of any one taking up the
subject of the decay of the lemon, orange and
peach trees, I will take the matter in hand for the
benefit of the Islands and all whom it may con-
cern. I do not purpose to advance any theory, but
theory reduced to the most infallible test of prac-
tice; neither do I purpose making use of any jaw-
breaking words that the reader will not under-
stand, and, in all probability, I may not understand
myself. I think I cannot do better, therefore, than
describe what I have been doing and am now doing
to recuperate the lemon and orange trees.
In the first place I .clean out the dead wood of
the tree; I saw myself a road into the. middle of
the tree; then I judiciously thin out the lining
wood, so as to balance the tree as well as to let air
and light equally through it. The trees that I amn
working on. are all of twelve inches diameter. I
mark three feet from the bole; I then dig a trench
round the tree, through the roots; I excavate un-
derneath the roots; make one side of the trench
deeper than the other; then pull the tree over,
draw the tap roots out (which are from two to three
feet long); I cut them as close to the horizontal
roots as I can, and then I upright the tree. The
roots that I have broken off with my spade I take
my knife and make a clean smooth cut of every one
of them. In 10 or 14 days these roots will be
calloused over; in 6 days more there will be a new
set of roots from each root, the same as my fin-
gers from my hand, only more numerous (every
root to a tree or plant is a mouth, and every leaf is
a stomach). I then return the soil, make it firm
about the roots, and cover the roots about half an
inch. Then I put two wheelbarrows full of man-
ure over the roots, but taking care that the manure
does not come into immediate contact with the roots,
(this way of manuring stands good for all kinds of
fruit trees); I then cover the manure with the re-
mainder of the soil, make it firm with my feet, gtve
the tree six pails of water, so as to fill all the little
creases up and drive all air out. I then collect the
fresh droppings from the cows and urine and add
to the bulk about one-fourth of clay, so as to make
the mixture adhesive. Mix the whole together to
the consistency of paint; dresi all the branches I
can and the bole of the tree with a large paint
brush, the amonia in the droppings and urine kills
the scale and other insects; the clay and droppings
smothers the moss and lichens that have gathered
on the bole of the tree; in course of time the action
the bole of the tree as bright and as smooth as glass.
Those persons who intend making young plan-
tations of oranges and lemons, if they sow the seed
of the Sweet Orange with the idea of getting Sweet
Orange trees, they will find themselves mistaken,
for as likely as not they will get from the seed of a
Sweet Orange, a Shaddock, a Sour, or a Sweet
Orange; so, to be certain, -the seedlings should be
*all budded the latter part of September. Sow the
seed in drills, one inch deep, eighteen inches from
drill to drill; in the fall of the year draw the
largest and best plants out of the seed drills and
plant them in rows two feet apart and nine inches
Apart in the row. After twelve months growth in
the nursery rows, bud them; these are called No.
1, and the next size No. 2, and so on. Before you
bud cut the plant down within two feet from the
ground, and put the bud in the stock within three in-
ches from the top; the piece of the stock above the
bud will do to tie the shoot from thebudsoastopre-
vent the wind from blowing the bud out of the stock.
In my opinion it is a mistaken notion to grow
tall fruit trees on these Islands. I would prefer to

form the heads of the plants two feet from the
ground so that they would not be expoid to high
winds and other external forces, and te rebound-
ing action of the sun's rays recirculating through
the branches and fruit, would make the fruit much
larger, and the aqueous particles contained in the
fruit would be better converted into saccharine juice.
The matter of oranges and lemons is now exhaust-
ed, the matter of peaches I will get ready for your
next issue, by your permission. After the peach I
will take up the grape. I have no other object in
view but to let Farmers see that the missionary
has been through and civilised these Islands. I
have this day drawn tap roots of oranges out
of the subsoil three feet long, rotten and dead by
being in the cold lower subsoil and water, although
nearly 100 feet above and an 8th of a mile from the
I am, yours, most respectfully,
Public Gardens, St. Georges.
March 5th, 1878.0*

Steam Marble 4* Gran-
ite WORKS,
l.I L I F X,
Argyle Street, opposite St. Paul's Church.
Tomb T A LTS ''S
Grave MARKS in polished (Iranite or Marble
Maible Alantel Register GI.ATES, &c., &c.
Designs and P'rices may be obtained from
W. T. JAMES, Esqr., Front St., Hamilton,
ri(rmnda. 6Gm

Barristers-at-SLaw, &c.
''IRE Subscribers have this day entered into
Co-partnership as
Attorneys, Solicitors, Notaries,
'The business will be conducted under the style
and firm ofl

OFFICES-16i Hilollis Street, over the
of .Alesis. Almon & Mackinto-sh.


Halifax, Ast Feby., 178.

w Full Sel of facksmuiths

Are on Sale by

Hamilton, March 5,
. .

Cor. of Parliament and Dun-
donald streets.
, 1878.

I am constantly Receiving
Froues the New York luarket
Of all sizes,

Five Barrels of Well-sprung
Garnet Seed POT.
Superior WVhit.- 'eed CORN
For Sale,
Terms Reasonable, hby
J. C.K


EA E, N E .

Hamilton, February 19, 1878.


Cheap and Durable,
Anmiericanm Novelties,
LAMlPS and Patent BURN RitS,
Lamps Repaired,
The Improved Little JNight Lamp,
Five Doors West of "Gazette" Office,
Mr. Jas. Richardson's Store.
Hamilton, February 19th, 1878.
DON'T fail to go to Child's and see his SIL-
Filagree Silver, &e.
February 26, 1878.-3


ar! Sugar !!
Ex. "?ROVER,

F'omSn I)ccrnea';rau,
Yellow Vacuum-pan- in Barrels
White Vacuum-pan do
M uscovado, in Barrels
At Low Rates for C \SH.
HIamilton. 25th Febtuary, 1878.


Apply to


5, 1878.

Mount Ilill, Pembroke.

*VfUI'E G RL,9
Apply at the Royal Gazette" Office.
March 5, ib78.

a' Saddlery.

as8 Just Received from London,
A Superior Lot of Gentlemen:'s
Body lllOmtiU-i Dandy BRUSII PS
Water or Iloof BRIiSIK-
Spoke BRUSfIRS Curry nad .MaIne COMBS
Gents and Ladies Riding WHIPS
Carriage WVhlIPS
Horse and Donkey Cart II \I1NESSES
Cart LASt ES Knee CAPS
Carriage LA I1 PS, &c.
Harness and Carriage Est.blishneu'n, under
the Town Ilall, East Front St., Hamilton.
February 18th, 1878.-4

Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
English and American Preservedt

Nos. 10 and 12 Queen Street,
Ilaniilton, Bermuda. 1
N. B.-Ships' Stores Supplie4 at Lowest a
February 18th, 1878. -12 m 'n

Mr. Robert Bedingfield,

i Bermuda Produce.

FARMILRS aud Shippers desirous of Con-
signing I'RODCC, to
Or to Wm. A. COVERT.
Now York,
Will be afforded every accommodation, during
the coming season, by
Front Street, Hamilton.
March 4th, 1878.

R. W. Hayward 4* Co.,
General Shipping and
Cotmmisssion ,If m rcla nts,
New York.

Solicited to above address and forwarded free, of
Consul's Certificate.
Highest Market Rates guaranteed, and Re-
turns promptly made.
Cash payable in Bermuda or New York at
Shipper's option.
F. D* 8.NASH,
61 Front Stueet.
Jamilton, February 25, 1878-tf



T'o Farme~rs and Shinerar nf

Animals and Birds of all
tions STUFFED).


(7 Orders may be left at the Office of the
" Royal Gazette."
February 12th, 1878.

To All whom it may Con-
tI ER KBY give Notice ht fit.1f been
appointed A (ENT A NI) AT() It NE Y for
the hoard of Underwriters of New Orleans, and
will from this IDate, represent the Inlerests of
the following Comp.,nies, Vizt. :-
New Orleans Mutual Insurance Company,
Crescent do. do. do.
Merchants do. do. do.
Sun do. do. do.
Union Itsurance Company,
Hope do. do.
ilibernia do. do.
Factors and Traders lusurance Compiny,
Tentonia Insurance Company,
New Orleans Insurance Association,
Peoples' Insurance Company,
Mechar.irs and Traders Insurance Company.
W. 0. HY LJI.D,
A.go t for the several Boards of Under-
writers for Ne" York, Boston,
Baltimbre and Philadelphia, &e., &c., &c.
St. George's. Bermuda.
21st January, 1878.

A I.I Persons having CLAIM. against AN-
ilton Parish. deceased, will present the same to
the Subscribers on or before the first day oj April
next, and all Persons INiD)BTED to the Es-
tate, will please make Payment by that time
January 14, 1878.

Wm. James Hleney,


C7o it mission.

B EIt NI I 1:)A

For Sale,
-_ / A Fine

Arrived by the 'CANDIA",
Suitable for general purposes.

January 22, 1878.

on 20th Instant,


By a Family in this Town,
A Good COO)K.
Apply at the Royal Gazette" Office.
March 5th, 1878.

Garnet Seed Potatoes,
In prime Condition for Planting.
15th January, 1878.

|LI AVING had several years, xperienee in this
line of business, I desire to contiuoe in
the same during the coming Crop Season, and
respectfully solicit any coasimgnmunits you may
forward to this Market. I will endeavour to
realize the highest Market prices, render Sales
and iemittantces promptly.
Of Ilamilton, Hermuila,
Will attend to rteeivin? and jnvoicteig all Con-i
signments for me, and will give all i:formnatioii
necessary for benefit of Shippers.
I remain, your, &e.,
With Messrs. O'Connor & Judge,
42 & 43 Vesey Street,
5m1 New York.




G. \V. $PENP cn.


306 Washington Street,
All persons desirous of shipping to the above
address will be afforded every accommodation
by applying to our Agent,
Reid Streeta, iauniltotn.
Bermuda, January 24, 1878.

LONZO )PENISTON has made arrange-
-ments for obtaining a quantity of the

Which he expects to receive in ,eptember next
Persons can engage the same by applying to
the Subscriber or to
JOHN ZUILL, Somerset.
A. J. HODSDON, Hamilton.
W. 0. North! Bailey's Bay.
The Utndersigned will also take thi4opportu-
nity of informing his Friends and the Public
generally, that he is now prepared to give his
personal attention to the Consignment of
To Messrs. T. H. Bock & Co.,
And will assure all thit he will do every thing
in his power to promote the welfare of those
that favor him, with Consignmentq.
Hamilton, Jany. 22nd, 1878.
P E R S 0 N S desirous of Con-

.Xfsrsp M ifddleof n o Co.,
Will please call upon MR. S .MUE-L A. MAS-
I'EIts Front Street, who will attend to the
Shipment of their goods, as heretofore.
llamnlton, Feby. 12th, 1878.-3 m

North of Trinity Church,

d.. Emilius Outerbridge

Shipping and
N 0 li

o. 2&# BBOADWA'i

Agents for
Quebec & Gulf Ports S. S. Co.,
New York and West India Division.
Jany.7, 1878.


For Rent.
That very Desirable and Conve.
niently Situnted
T.. Dwelling t10U BI,
In Reid Street, HnIlilton, known as STONE
IIAVEN," with 'tables, Coach House, &e'.

Apply to


January 29th, 181A.

For Rent,
The Comforiable and Pleasantly

In the Town of Hamilton, now occupied by
Mr. N. 0. I)un1HAM.
Possession given 5th January 1878.
Apply to
At the Paint Shop,
Next Cor. of Queen and Reid Street.
Hamilton, Novr. 19th, 1877.

Comfortable Lodging
For either a Single Gentleman or
a Lady, can be obtained in Church Street, i
this Town. Board can also bd obtained if re-

For Reference apply at
" Royal Gazette."
January 28, 1878.

the Office of the

,02? LI EI"tSIO VL,
Carrying the United States Mail
from New York
O N T U I11"S1).AY.
St i ea a sh i pas
MONTANA sails Feby. 12, at Noon.
NFEVADA sails Feby. 19, at 7 a.m.
I OAIlO sails Febv. 26, at I p.m.
WVYOMING sails March 5, at 6
\VISCON!IN sails M.arch 12, at II a.m
The above Steamers are built expressly for

the Trade, have five watertight bulkheads, and
carry experienced Ollicu.s.', ul-ieons and Stc%%-
ar-.leses. The Saloon Accommodations are Ln-
surpassed by any Atlantic Steamers, and the
State Rooms are on main deck opening into the
Saloon, thus securing that great comfort in
ocean travel, perfect ventilatioA and light.
The U. S. Mail Steamer Canima" from Ber-
,nude, Thurdays, generally arrives at New York
on Mondays, and Passengers' bag.,age can he
transferred direct to the Liverpool Steamer sail-
itig next day.
29 Broadway, New York.
New York, Jany. 31, 1878.

The Standard of
the World.

Adapted to the Stand id of all Nation-, Packed
ready for Shipping.
World's Fair, London 1851
World's Fair, New York 1853
World's Fabr, Paris 1867
World's Fair, Vienna 1873
World's Fair, Santiago, (Chili) 1875
\Vorld's Fair, Phia.lelphia 1876
World's Fair, Sydney, Australia, 1877
1'he best Feeder known for Stationary, Marine,
and !ocomotive Boilers. &c.,) also
Oscillating Pump Co.'s Pump.
FAit BANK'S & Co., N. Y.
October 16th, 1877.-6n6m

Wanted a Cook.
Apply at GeLte" Office.
February 18, 1678.


'~PYAL GAZi-ffTT ;

VATIONS taken under the direction of the Priinipal
Medical Officer, Prospect, Bermuda. Above the sea
151 feet.


Mar. 4


'31', ll4


sw 5
NW 3
'N 2
NE 2
NE 1
N 1
N 1

24 h

0 o
69-1 61*2
64-3 56-9
61-7 52-9
63-5 52-9
67-3 55-9
67-3 54-3
67-3 53-1

re previous
ours. Rain.

u S Inch.

0 0
113.8 56.0 0-93
129-4 49-6 0-03
130-8 45-2 0-00
130-6 40-2 0-00
121-8 43-2 0-00
133-1 32-5 0-00
133-2 37-4 0-00


Hamrilton, JMarch 12, 1 *78.

March 9-Steamer King Arthur, Houghton, New Or-
leans; 38,200 bushels and 5,600 bags corn.-Arrived
at the Royal Naval Yard on the morning of the 9th
in want of coal and repairs to safety valve. The K.
A's. wants having been supplied she proceeded on
her voyage early on Sunday morning.-Agents, N.
T. Butterfield & Son.
Steamer Chiswick, Garson. New Orleans; 60,640
bushels corn.-Arrived at the Royal Naval Yard on
Saturday night in want of coal, which having ob-
tained she left on Monday morning for her destined
port.-Agents, N. T. Butterfield & Son.
March 7-Mail Steamer Cariima, Liddicoat, New York ;
226 bis. potatoes, 2,126 boxes tomatoes, 1 box onions,
216 boxes beets, 500 bls. arrowroot.
9-Barque Eliza Barss, Hollis, New York.
Steamer King Arthur, Houghton, Dunkirk, France.
Steamer Chiswick, Garson, Dunkirk, France.
March 5-R. M. S. Beta, Shaw, St. Thomas; Mails;
3 cases cigars. 1 case bay oil, 1 puncheon rum, 2
boxes cherry cordial, 6 boxes claret, 3 barrels po-
tatoes, 1.6 barrels sugar.-Agent, J. M. Hayward.
March 5-R. M. S. Beta, Shaw, Halifax; Mails, &c.

Vironica Madre-discharing.
Aurora-sailed 9th.
Hohenzollern-taking on board cargo of Susan M.
Dudman for destination.
Eliza-takinsuz in cargo Indian corn ex barque Mon.
archy to Cork or Falmouth for orders.
Zetland--reloading inward cargo wheat and corn.
C. V. Treunfells-sold at auction yesterday.
Clara # A f ,ts-awaii i r' instructions.
Minnie C. Taylor-ready for sea.
Lizzie. M. Stewart-undergoing repairs.
In the R. M. Steamer Beta from St. Thomas :-Mrs.
Haligaton, child and servant, Mr. G. W. Durant.
In the R. M. Steamer Beta for Halifax :-J. B.
Morrow, Esqr., Major Phillpotts, R.A., Captain Pater-
son. 1-19th Regt.. Mr. C. G. Weld, Mr. J. B. North.
-Deck, James Germin, Charles Sutherland, and 8 dis-
tressed British seamen ex Malta.
In the Mail Steamer Canima, on Thursdiy last, for
New York :-Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Cogswell, Mr. and
Mrs. C. H. Walker, Lieuts. H. H. Willock, R.E., and
Philip Sydney,. R.M.L.T.. Capt. G. S. Locke. Mesrs.
G. A. Sanford and C. S. Litteil.-2nd Cabin, Josephine
Amelia Rvatt and E. Pierce. 13 men ex American
Ship Celestial Empire, which vessel sank at sea, and
the crew landed at Devonshire Bay from the Barque
Templar, of Nova Scotia.
In H. M. S. Eurydice, for England, Captain Ferrier,
R.E., and servant.
H. M. Eiurydtce, Training Ship for Ordinary Sea-
men, Captain Marcus Hare, left on Wednesday last on
her return to Enc'lsnd. Before coming to Bermuda
she had spent some months cruising in the West Indies.
Two Non-Commissioned Officers, R.E., and three Sap-
pers, went to Enhlarnd in the Eurydice.
H. M. Brig Liberty, 8 guns, 447 tons, Lieut.-Com.
Reginald A. Brock, and H. M. Brig Marti,, 10 guns,
489 tons, Lieut.-Com. Edward Hicks, employed in
training ordinary seamen, are at present in the West

The Barque Templar (778 tons), Capt. Trefry, of
Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, from Ipswich, England,
bound to New York, in ballast, called off the South
side of these Islands on the ,th instant and landed,
at Devonshire Bay, 13 persons, a portion of the
crew of the late American ship Celestial Empire,
Capt. Stewart, rescued from that vessel when in a
disabled state on the 24th ultimo, in lat. 35-12 N.,
long. 42-20 W. We have been kiDdly handed the
following particulars of the abandoned ship C. E.,
which were obtained from one of the seamen :
The Celestial Empire was from Bremen, Germany,
and bound to New York, where she was owned.
On the 18th February the ship was struck by a
cyclone, while under reefed sails; the mainmast
quickly went in the partners; the mizzenmast head
was carried away by the falling of the mainmast,
and fore-topgallantmast were also carried away;
the pumps so much injured by the falling of the
mainmast that they coupl not be worked, and there
were seven feet of water in the hold when she was
The crew of the C. E., comprising 19 persons, had
been 14 days on board the Templar, and the supply of
water getting short, Capt. Trefry deemed it advis-
able to laud a portion of them on thes.-e Islands,
still however retaining the Captain (Stewart), the
1st and 2nd mates, boatswain, steward and cook, to
be landed in New York. The 13 seamen were sent
by Captain Stewart to C, X. Allen, Esqr., United
States Consul for Bermuda, who very promptly
placed them on board the steamer Canima, so that
almost within a couple of hours of their landing
here they were on their way to New York, and
will most probably be at their destination some days
before their Capf.;to, report the-loss of the vessel.
The C. E. was 1680 tops burthen, and was built
in Boston in 1852. Captain Stewart had been in
charge of her for several years.


W. the Garrison Croquet Club, Prospect, on Friday
next, 15th March, at 3"30 p.m., when the Band of
the 46th Regiment will play the following selec-
March............ Precioso..........Weber.
Overture.... Les Vespres Siciliennes.. ..Verdi.
Waltz.............. A Toi,..... ... Waldteufel.
Selection...Reminiscences of Meyerbeer. Godfrey.
Galop............ Always Jolly....... Zikoff.


I 1 1 .O 1 K n.f

L -A U l V IV
We are informed that there were at least one hundred 2 *0'22 16 0-24
Vessels, steamers and sailing vessels, waiting at 3 0'01 17 0"00
New Orleans when the King Arthur and the Chiswick 4 0"00 18 0'01
left, to load with corn for England and various parts of 5 0.76 19 0-40
the Continent of Europe. Some six or seven of the 6 0-82 20 0-26
steamers, it was reported, would call here on their wa; 7 0"00 21 0-00
to their respective destinations. I 8 0"00 22 0'03
I 9 0-18 23 0-04
A very fine Horse, belonging to Lieut. Carpen- 10 0-01 24 0'00
ter, A.D.O., was so severely injured by falling i 11 2-65 25 0'31
over the cliff to the Eastward of the Ducking Stool I 12 0"50 26 0-44
on the North Shore of this Parish, on Fri- 13 0-00 27 0-27
day last, that it was deemed humane to shoot him. 14 000 28 0"00
He was harnessed in a cart and, being tormented
by flies, became restless, and in throwing his head Total 7'80 In
about hitched his bridle in a hook of the shaft of Rainfall February, 1877.....................11-00 In
the cart and began to back; before his head could Average Rainfall in February for 8 years,
be released or te poor animal turned, he went 1870 to 1877 iclusve ..................,5-26 In
over the cliff, some thirty feet in height, and -
reqeived fearful injuries. Taken at 10 a.m., on all other days at 9 a.m,



We invite attention to the able article we copy,
on the last page of this issue, from the Edinburgh
Courant, referring to the Treaty which regulates the
Dardanelles, and comparing the existing state of af-
fairs with that which preceded the outbreak of the
Crimean War. 'If the. Czar and his people are given
to understand clearly, that the British nation are
pretty unanimous in their present determination now
that the Bulgarian Atrocity story isworn out,having
for the time being served the purposes of Russia
wonderfully well, they may hesitate to undertake a
war with England. If, prior to the Crimean War,
England had exhibited the same prudent prepara-
tions she is now making, it is the opinion of many
I there would have been no such contest. As acorol-
lary to that article we shall give an extract from
Earl Granville's despatch to Lord A. Loftus from
the Foreign Office, January 8, 1873, in reference to
Central Asia, as appended to Captain F. Burnaby's
Ride to Khiva."
"Having received information from Your Excel-
lency and from Count Brunnow that Count Schou-
valow, a statesman enjoying the full confidence of
the Emperor of Russia, had left St. Petersburg for
London at the desire of His Imperial Majesty, I
had the pleasure of receiving His Excellency on
the Sth instant.
"He confirmed the fact that it was by the Em-
peror's desire that he sought a personal interview
with me. It had caused great surprise to His Im-
perial Majesty to learn from various sources that a
certain amount of excitement and susceptibility
had been caused in the public mind of the coun-
try on account of questions connected with Central
2 Asia. The Emperor knew of no questions in Cen-
tral Asia which could affect the good understand-
ing between the two countries.
With regard to the Expedition to
Khiva, it was true that it was decided upon for
next spring. To GIVE AN IDEA of its character it
was sufficient to say that it would consist of Five and
a half Battalions. Its object was to punish acts of
brigandage, to recover fifty Russian prisoners, and
to teach the Khan that such conduct on his part
could not be continued with the impunity in which
the moderation of Russia had led him to believe.
Not only was it far fr6m the intention of the Emperor
to take possession of Khiva, but positive orders had
been prepared to prevent it, and directions given that
the conditions imposed should be such as could not
in any way tend to a prolonged occuiation of Khiva.
Count S':houvalow repeated the surprise which the
EMPEROR, entertaining such sentiments, felt at the
uneasiness which it was said existed in England on
the subject and HE gave me most decided assurances
that I might give Positive Assurance to Parliament
in this matter.
"With regard to the uneasiness which might
exist in England on the subject of Central Asia I
could not depy the fact to Count Schouvalow
that the people of this country were decidedly in
favor of peace, but a great jealousy existed as to
anything which really affected OTR HONOR and
INTEREST; that they were particularly alive to any-
thing affecting India; that the progress of Russia
in Asia had been considerable, and sometimes as it
would appear like England in India and France in
Algeria, more so than was desired by the Central
Governments. * That, with regard to the
expedition to Khiva, Count Schouvalow was aware
that Lord Northbrook had given the strongest ad-
vice to the Khan to comply with the reasonable
demands of the Emperor, and if the expedition
were undertaken and carried out with the OBJECTS
and .WITHIN THE LIMITS described by Schouvalow,
it would meet with no remonstrance from Her Ma-
jesty's Government, but it would undoubtedly ex-
cite public attention and make the settlement of
the boundary of Afghanistan more important for
the object which both Governments had in view,
viz.: peace in Central Asia, and good relations be-
tween the two countries. I concluded
by telling Count Schouvalow that I knew the con-
fidence which was placed in him by the Emperor,
and that I felt sure that my colleagues would
agree with me in appreciating his visit to England
as a gratifying proof of the eminently conciliatory
and friendly spirit with which the Emperor desired
to settle without delay the questions at issue."
By Article 3 Treaty of Peace concluded by Kauff-
man between Russia and Khiva "the whole of
the right bank of the Amor Darya and the lands
adjoining thereunto, which have hitherto been con-
sidered as belonging to Khiva, shall pass over from
Khiva into the possession of Russia, together with
the people dwelling and camping thereon.
By Article 18 a fine is inflicted on the Khanate
of Khiva to the extent of 2,21.0,i)i0 roubles for war
The facts are thoroughly inconsistent with the
promises made. This is no unfair sample of Rus-
sian diplomacy.

LEMON TREE.-We insert on the first page of this
issue a letter from Mr. James Pilling, who is in
charge of tle Public Garden in St. George's, on the
treatment of Orange and Lemon Trees. Mr.
Filling's recuperative management, as set forth, is
very simple, and he speaks confidently of its suc-
cess. It is now nearly thirty years since the disease
first attacked the Orange and Lemon trees in these
Islands, and notwitlistaundiijg the many remedies
That have been applied and the large amount of
money that has been expended in the effort to check
it, there are but few trees now alive which bear the
delicious orange for which Bermuda was once
We will thank Mr. Killing for his proposed let-
ters on the subject of thlie cultivation of the peach
and the grape.

FVroaun t he W l -, in.LesandDenu.:'in a:. .

The Royal Mail Stean:er Beta, Captain "Lha%, ar-
rived at St. Georges on Tuesday last from St. Thio-
mas. The Jamaica papers by the Beta are to the
23rd ultimo, whilst those from Barbados are only to
the 9th February.
per Key, K.C.B., F.R.S., with his squadron, was at
St. Vincent on the 19th ultimo. The Admiral was
to proceed thence to Barbados, to leave that Island
on the 27th for Trinidad, and thence on the 4th
instant for Jamaica.
Judge Fleming, of Mandeville District, Jamaica,
has been appointed Attorney General of Barbados.
Of the weather, &c., the Barbados West Indian
of the 8th ult. says :-Sugar making proceeds slow-
ly, from the slackness of the winds and the unripe-
ness of the canes. Sugar has been made yielding
from one and a half to two hhds. to the acre, and
of a strong quality. The weather continues fine,
with hot sun, and light winds from East. The
health of the Island continues good.
The Colonial Bank has recommended that an
ordinary dividend of .6 per cent and an extraordin-
ary dividend of 1 per cent on the paid up capital be
made for the half year ending June 30th last, which
will require 42,000, leaving a balance of 3,637
DEMERARA.-During 1877 the total quantity of
Sugar exported froin the colony was 111,157 hhds.,
compared wifh 119,392 hhds. in 1876, showing a
decrease of 8,235 hhds. The quantity of Rum ex-
ported was 32,532 puns., against 36,013 puns, ia*
1876, showing a decrease of 3,480 puns. Of Mo-
lasses there was an increase of 5,542 casks, the ex-
ports being 19,863 casks during 1877 as compared
to 14,230 casks in 1876. Of Timber there had been
a decrease of 107,u'i5 cubic feet; the quanity ex-
ported in 1877 being 357,430 cubic feet, and in
1876 464,435 cubic feet.
The quantity of rum issued from the Colonial
Bonded Warehouse during the year 1877, for con-
sumption in the Colony was 286,709 gallons as com-
pared to 260,016 gallons in 1876; an increase of
26,69.' gallons, and the duty collected was, in 1877,
$72.62-. 25 ; in 1S76, $65,265 50, there being an
incieaQe in 1877, of $7,359 75.
Mr. Semper, lately Attorney General at Barba-
dos, arrived in the colony on Saturday, 2nd ult.,
and assumed "his duties of Junior Puisne Judge of
the Supreme Court in succession to Mr. Lovesy,
resigned. The Royal Gazette says :
"The appointment of Mr. Hugh Riley Semper to
the Puisne Ju'lg-hip vacated by Mr. Lovesy can-
not be looked upon with unmixed satisfaction. *
Mr. Semper is particularly fortu nate in being promot-
ed to a colony where he may depend upon meeting
with a courteous reception, and where there is no
reason to suppose that any wish will be displayed
to judge of him hastily either as a judge or a
The D'Urban Race Course has been opened as a
public promenade-i. e. on payment of a subscrip-
tion. Of course carriages cannot promenade upon
the Course, but any lady or gentleman on horse-
back is allowed to career round the course, at
times, within the discretion of the Committee.
Some interesting and satisfactory experiments
were made on Tuesday last with a Telephone, which
was attached to the telegraph wires connecting the
Agricultural Rooms, the Water Works, and the
Inspector General's office. Words uttered at the
Water Works were heard distinctly on the Brick-
dam, and the voice of the different speakers could
be distinguished.
Expedition to Roraimna mountain by Hon. Chas.
Ellis, Mr. W. B., Whetlhem and Captain Out-
ridge, annn'unc,--. .also, that of Mr. E. F. im
Thurn, for the heam of the Essequebo, together with
Messrs. E'ldiio'ton and Flint.
Supreme Criminal Court, Chailes Henry Gordon
was convicted of the mar"lauihbt-r of Hans Meyer,
mate of the Agnies iWils.on anm! was sentenced to
penal servitude for 15 years.
Half yearly meeting of the Proprietors of the
British Guiana Bank : The nett profits of the half
year amounted to $8,121 69 more than the previous
half year. and the surplus fund had been increased
by $3,463 20, a sum of 50,000 had been invested
in first class English securities; a dividend at the
rate of eight per cent per annum and a bonus of 1
per cent was declared.

From the New' York Tribune, February 27.
The breezy month of March opens with an al-
most entire absence of evening stars. Jupiter,
which was so conspicuous all through the early
winter, vanished before the close of the year, was
in conjunction with the sun on January 5, and is
now reappearing as a morning star low down in
the southeast, in the constellation of the Archer.
Venus lingered in the lap of February, but has
also disappeared. She was in conjunction with
the sun on February 21, andwill soon be a morning
star in Aquarius, attaining her greatest brilliance
about the 28th and 29tb. Saturn will also be
in conjunction witn the sun on the 13th, and
Mercury on the 21st, and both are consequently
Mars is still an evening visitant, but the ruddy
god is fast r'Ilr-.itL., and what was so glorious an
object in September is now no brighter than a
second class star
One more planet is also visible in the evening,
and one which few people have ever seen-the
planet Uranus, discovered by the elder Herschel
on March 13, 1781. Uranus is an enormous globe,

meant of the Church in England, that "few persons
could think of establishing a State Church in England
if it did not already exist." But Guest" abstains alto-
gether from quoting the striking observations in the
same speech, on what Mr. Forster truly stated was a
question not of putting up a church, but of pulling a
church down," and the cogent reasons he urged against
any such attempt-observations all the more remarkable
as coming from a gentleman of Mr. Forster's political
s-untin-nts. I had not heard of this speech until it
ap1j'i red in the illpvler.'.nt to the,Bermuda Gazette,
but can very cordially assent to it, and urge upon all
persons in Bermuda not to consent to "pulling down"
our Church, which has existed so long among us,.
March 8th, 1878.

A private letter from London says: "Captain
Scheiile;, died a few days ago. He was, with the
exception of Trelawney, who is still livin'z. the last
survivor of the party of friends, including Lord
Byron and Leigh Hunt, who burned the body of
Shelley on a funeral pile after the ancient fashion,
and he was present when the poet's ashes were de-
posited in the Protestant burial ground at Rome,
near the grave of poor Keats." Captain Schenley
was at Waterloo, and nearly forty years ago caused
great excitement in New York by,his elopement
with Miss Croghan, a noted heiress, of Pittsburg,
Penn., then at school on Staten Island. He leaves
an estate valued at from $7,000,000 to $10,000,000
and a large family of daughters.
Colonel Forney writes of the Prince of Wales at
Stanley's lecture: What a fine, hearty, clear
elocution he has! .Alioge.her En;glish, he captured
everybody; and he Iokeid w'.ell." He was how-
ever, rather egotistical.
The C u IcI f L!itf,.iriwilgwyngyllg'e:erty silo-
gogogochb, in Wales, is vacant, and it is suggested
that the Rev. Mr. Piaratanatissatarrunause, now
located in New Zealand, would be a good man to
fill the place,

more than -.r-vctty timr-, as large as the earth, but
makes 1-i' journey i'L u.d1 the sun at such an incon-
ceivable distance that he can only just be seen with
the naked eye-and that a very good one-when
he is in op-.po'sition, his di-t in. from the earth
being then sixteen hundred millions of miles. Now
Uranus was in opposition on February 16, and so
is favorably placed for seeing.
But though there is no conspicuous planet to
act as guardian of the evening that post is well
filled by Srius, the Dog-star, which shines and
flashes with a vividnes only inferior to Venus and
Jupiter. Its light is intensely white, with a sap-
phire tinge and an occasional gleam of red; but
its color has probably changed.
One other interesting event in March is the
vernal or Sp ing equinox, which occurs this year
at noon on the 20th inst. The sun, which has
been south all Winter, then crosses the equator on
his way north, and Spring commences. his in-
tersection of the equator by the sun's path is called
also the First Point of Aries," and is the starting
point from which astronomers measure longitudes
and right-assensions. But though the sun is
travelling north, it must not be supposed that he
is coming any nearer. On the contrary, his dis-
tance from the earth is now increasing at an aver-
age rate of 17,000 miles per day. The earth was
nearest the sun on December 31 last, its distance
being 90,850,000 miles. On March 1 it will have
added to these figures 760,000 miles, and on July 2
next, when the earth is fartbiest Irom the sun, its
distance will be 93,950,000 miles. Thus the earth
is more than three millions of miles further away
from the sun in Summer than in Winter.

Miss Kate Feild writes to the Graphic that she is
not the author of theMagillicuddy Papers, and why
she should be pounced upon as the writer is beyond
her comprehension. And she adds that she is not
in the habit of minding anybody's business but her


For the Royal Gazette.
In the last Gazette, under a heading of "Ifs versus.
Disestablishment," your correspondent Guest" came
fi rw' with a long list of uip.ili.,n. thrown out as
if they had been suggested in my former communica-
tion as immediately practicable. I do not wish to
occupy space with verbal criticisms; but any person
Who will take the trouble of perusing the papers re-
ferred to will find this is not the scope of my observa-
tions. I contended then, and still believe, that while
our Church remains in connexion with the Established
Church in England, and its Societies for the extension
of the Church in the Colonies, and, while we remain in
connexion with the Government of the State under
which we live, there are various advantages of encou-
ragement, advice and aid-quite irrespective of pecu-
niary assistance-which we may reasonably' hope to
continue to enjoy as heretofore; and that it would be
most unwise to throw away these advantages by dises-
When the existing stipends to the Clergy from the
Colonial Treasury shall cease, the members of the
Church of England in Bermuda, in all except the two
central and opulent Parishes, must either shut up their
Churches, or make larger contributions for their sup-
port than have hitherto been called for; but this may
be done without incurring the dangers of disestablish-
ment! And, when the n,:.-s-iiY for such increased
contributions shall be fully perceived, we must hope that
it will be generously responded to. and that the inade-
quacy of the salaries payable to the Clergy by Parish
rates (if the rates be not also swept away by disestab-
lishment) may be supplemented by voluntary contribu-
tions from their parishioners.
In reply to my enquiry what impediments exist under
the Establishment to our gathering and distributing
of Church funds, "Guest" says he cannot relate them
all, but will allude to one or two important ones ; and
offers, as instances, that we are not permitted to alter
our Churches and re-arrange the pews and pew-rents
for their best interests ; and that if the congregations
could elect vestries and authorise them to do such
things, our Church accommodation and income might
be materially increased, to the satisfaction of all par-
ties ; that the Church Society of 1l'<6 cannot help us
in this respect; nor would the Legislature grant us the
same privileges under the Establishment that it would
without. Now, with regard to altering the Churches
and re-arranging the pews and pew-rents, surely
" Guest" cannot have forgotten tliat within the last
thirty or forty years nearly all the Parish Churches
have been very materially enlarged, and several of them
entirely rebuilt, under the E'.tabli-lument which he de-
nounces ; and in several instances with very substan-
tial assistance from the Colonial Legislature ; and that,
in Trinity Church, on application of the Church' Offi-
cers and Pewholders, the mode of renting the pews and
fixing the pew-rents has been materially altered by a
recent Act of the Legislature. If similar h' iu'.n'. and
additions to the powers of the Church Vestries were
generally desired in the other Churches there is no
reason to suppose they would be refused: certainly not
if (as Guest" supposes) it could be shewn they
would increase the accommodation and income of those
Churches. The laws give all these privileges a stabi-
lity impossible to be maintained under disestablish-
The profits of the Glebes all through the Colony
(except in St. Georges Parish) are, and, for some two
hundred and odd years, have been, appropriated, not
exclusively for the benefit of the Parishes within which
they are respectively located, but so that the poorer
adjoining Parishes should participate in the advantage.
If Disestablishment dhiuil.l prevail, what security shall
we have that this. ancient and equitable arrangement
should not, in practice, be also Disestablished,' to the
prejudice of the weaker Parishes ?
I quite agree with Guest" that it is not of necessity
that a Bishop should have a large salary, or that he
should do nothing but confirm. Certainly not. Bishop
Feild in his long Episcopal connexion with Bermuda,
(although not constantly resident here and only making
occasional visitations) did a great deal niore than con-
firm. I am glad to learn from Guest" that even in
case of Disestablishment, the election as Bishop of one
of the little body of clergymen of Bermuda is '"not a
supposable case." Sure I am, that any such scheme
either among the Clergy now holding our Church Liv-.
ings, or their successors hereafter, would never prove
satisfactory, either to the rest of the clergy, or to the
laity. The Island is much too small for that. But it
seems rather inconsistent with this disclaimer of elect-
ing any one of our own Clergymen to be Bishop. and
coming from "Guest" (who appears to be so well in-
formed of the aims of the Disestablishment party) it is
significant, that he should also ask us to take his word
for it, we can get some suitable, modest man. of mode-
rate views, adapted to a small diocese, for 400 or 500
per annum, who would, in addition to diocesan work,
take upon him the duties of Ti,'';,t Church." Can it
really be contemplated, if disestablishment be adopted,
for the future Minister of Trinity Church (now vacant)
to be elevated to the position of Bishop of Bermuda ?
Is it forgotten that, when some such plan was proposed
to the pewholders of Trinity Church, three or four
years ago, they unanimously rejected it, not a single
voice being raised in its favour P
If, unhappily, disestablishment should prevail, the
status of the Church will be very seriously compromised
by it. Among other evils, the tie of connexion between
the several Parish Churches in Bermuda will be sever-
ed; and instead of being several branches of one body,
they will become .'. ,. ly separate congregations, without
any firm link of connexion between them.
Whatever other effects disestablishment niight pro-
duce, one thiin,' is pretty clear, that it would inflict a
fatal blow on the Church Society, from which so great
and permanent benefits to the Church-although of
slow and gradual attainment-were anticipated by its
founders in 1876. Being thus cut asunder, the congre-
gation of each Parish Church will be compelled to look
out for themselves. They will be apt to remember the
old adage that "charity; ot home." Each man
who has five pounds or five shillings: t.. devote to Church
purposes, instead of bestowing it upon the Society for
all the Churches, will apply it to help the necessities of
his own Parish, and be thus driven into a selfish line of
conduct in this respect, much to be deprecated.
Guest" concludes with quoting a sentence from the
recent speech of Mr. Forster. M.P., on Disestablish-

To the T,1l.,.r (//, Royal Gazette.
ST. Gr.onrEs., BEnMUIn.\. March 9th, 1878.
MR. EDITOR.-In the spirit of fair play, which you
profess to admire, I ask you to give publicity to these
few lines on the velocipede question," in answer to the
editorial of last Wednesday's Colonist. The editor of
the Colonist seems to have a genius for getting on the
wrong side; whether this is constitutional, as some
think, or owing to bad advisers, as others surmise, we
must decline to decide ; but on almnjot all subjects the
famous journal which issues from an obscure street in
St. Georges, is found either advocating the wrong, or,
if it happens by accident to be right, goes limping
through its argument on unequal legs. Its latest
achievement is an article on the velocipede question.
This editorial cannot certainly be proved to be from the
editor's pen. The internal evidence is against it. The
style is a little too clear, and the points too well brought
out. But there is the same misconception and mis-
statement of the case which usually chiara,-erizes his
own articles. It appears that the Police Act of 1875
forbids boys playing in the streets, and the act of riding
a velocipede is by the Stipndiliary Magistrate held to hij"
playing. Now of all the playing' that goes on in the
street this is the most harmless. Groups of boys un-
molested by the police may be found plin' in marbles,
and sometimes cricket; groups of men and half-grown
boys obstruct the thoroughfare between the Main,
Guard and St. Peter's Church, '-pecially in front of the,
Co-operative Store. But no polieen'n has ever laid
a violent or gentle hand upon one of them. Last Sum-
mer our urbane Mayor, who is of a 'genial disposition,
when off duty used to sit by the hour on the door-
sill of Mr. Kelly's shop, watch the boys playing,
and encourage them in their fun, until he came to be
regarded as the friend of the little sinners. Their
play-carts went to and fro without restriction. But
against the playing, or the abov:e--mentio:ned street
obstructions, no Colonist lifted its ad.monitry voice.
But last week two boys were brought up and one of
them fined, in the face of an express written state-
ment from the Attorney General that the Law does
not prevent the ridinii, of velocipedes in the streets;
and then the Colonist comes out to justify the ac-
tion of the court, and to misrepresent the whole case.
He says "a complaint was made "and that there was
good ground for the complan::t nobody can deny." Both
of these things are denied. There was no complaint
about boys riding velocipedes or even plhy-cart,- but
about their gathering to do it in one or two particular
localities. Mr. Wolff distinctly affirms that he did not
complain that boys were not allowed to ride velocipedes,
&c., but when they congregated in front of his store to
do it the policemen would pass and repass without dis-
turbing them. It was the police, not the boys, who are
to blame, first for neglecting their duty, and then for
overdoing it. It is mere nonsense to talk of boys ob-
structing the thoroughfares, as if St. George's was a
great city with a traffic like New York. I will venture
to say that there is not one in fifty of those who walk
the streets of our little town who is vexed at the play
of the children, aye, 99 in every 100 are delighted that
the monotony of the place is broken by the presence
and little sports of the children. As for accidents,
there has not been one; and suppose there were: acci-
dents happen to persons driving earria'e-. &c.- Is,
therefore, a man not to ride a horse ? and may he ride
a horse and not a velocipede ? or may a man do it
and n3t a boy P Surely the Iavw never conte-implated
this. Then the Colonist, with its u to make a class question or a question of "race" of
this. Perhaps the words were never said. I have
it from very good authority that they Were never
spoken. But the very boy that was fined was on his
way home from the Park when he was seen by the
police and complained of. But if the only paper in St.
Georges is at liberty to stir up strife by such insinua-
tions, all hope of living in peace with our colored friends
is at an end ; and it would be better the Colonist itself
should come to an end than that our peace should.
More could be written in defence of this question, but
I have already written too long, and thanking you for
the space allotted me,
I remain, Mr. Editor,
Your, JUDGE.

CUBA.-A native of Cuba now in Bermuda, and
who is deeply interested in the affairs of that dis-
tracted Island, has handed us a copy of the Condi-
tions of Peace to the recent. disaffected, which are
as follows:-
lst.--A government for Cuba similar to that of
Porto Rico.
2nd.-Pardon to all political offenders and de-
3rd. The freedom of the slaves and Chinamen
within the insurgent lines.
4th.-No insurgent to do war service until peace
is restored in the whole territory.
5th.-Persons desirous to leave the island to be
furnished with the means to do so.'
6th.-The capitulation of each force to take
place on uninhabited spots.
The Spanish troops have been ordered to suspe'-nd
operations, but to remain on the defeu.tive.
According to a Pr,:,lanmation of the Spanish
Government, dated the 11th of February, the above
conditions of peace have been accepted by the Cen-
tral Committee of Camaguery (Puerto Principe).


The woman was old and ragged and gray,
And bent with the chill of the winter's day ;
The street was wet with a recent snow, "
And the woman's feet were aged and slow.
She stood at the crossing, and waited long,
Alone, uncared for, amid the throng
Of human beings who passed her by,
Nor peeled the glance of her anxious eye.
Down the street, with laughter and shout,
Glad in the freedom of school let out."
Came the boys, like a flock of sheep,
Hailing the snow piled white and deep.

Past the woman so old and gray
Hastened the children on their way,
Nor offered a helping hand to her
So meek, so timid, afraid to stir
Lest the carriage wheels or the horses feet
Should crowd her down in the slippery street.
At last came one of the merry troop-
The gayest laddie of all the group;
He paused beside her, and whispered low,
"I'll help you across if you wish to go."
Her aged hand on his strong young arm
She placed, and so, without hurt or harm,
He guided the trembling feet along,
Proud that his own were firm and strong.
Then back again to his friends he went
His young heart happy and well content,
"She's's muutb r, boys you know,
For all she's aged and po:,r and slow;
And I hope some fellow wu ill lend a hand
To help y mother, you u'iderstaind,.
If ever sne's poor and old and gray,
When her own dear boy is far away."
And somebody's mother" bowed low her head
In her home that night, al. the prayer she said
Was, "God, be kind to th.. ruble boy.
Who is somebo.1y's son and pride and joy !"

PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 24.-The Rev. Dr. Henry
M. Turner, who has be"n :ravoling through the
Southern States, says that the Liberian colonization
scheme has taken a firm hold upon some of the bet-
ter class of fieedm.ii. St.veral hundred colored
persons are now :tw .iting the arrival at Charleston
of the bark Azor (purchased with money raised en-
tirely by freedom'), whicb is to take them to Li-
beria. The Sjutil. C':Arolina Cour,,ier:,- of the Afri-
can Methodist Church nas appoinatci a minister to
go with the expedition as the repaientative of the


o CR I'CKET. From the New York Times,
Played at Prospect January 28th. Royal En- A DOUBTFUL COMPLIMENT.
gineers won on first innings by 150 runs. Score: It is reported that Russia requests that the United
E WORL. It is reported that Russia requests that the United
.Maor. O It RT WOR'D. m, Wood 1 States should take part in the proposed congress
Major Openshaw, Regt.,c. Bloom, b. Wood 1 which is to settle the Eastern Question. The report
Lieut. Eden, 46th, b. Von Donop.............. 0has been received here with much satisfaction, and
Lient. Savile, R.N., run out .................. 0 is interpreted as a compliment to our country and
Lieut. Radcliffe, R.A., c. Risk. b. Wood........16 in evidence of the good feeling of Russia toward us.
Lieut. Eden, ]19th Regt., b. Wood ............ 15 We must not be too hasty, however, in interpreting
Lieut. Login. RN., b. Wood................. 6 as a compliment what may really be dictated by a
Rg, AM.D., Martivery uncomplimentary estimate of our people.
Lieut. Carpenter, A.D.C., c.VonHDouop, b. Wood 0 Russia may intend to act toward the other European
Lieut. Phayre, 19th, c. Heneage, b. Wood ...... Powers in a straightforward manner, and may have
Mr. Dawsou, R.N., b. Martin .............. 2 proposed to call the United States into consultation
Lieut. O Callaghan, not out .................. 3 merely from the best and kindest motives. Still
SExtras.............4 there is room for very different interpretation of
~ her alleged act, and it will not do for us to ignore it.
Total ............... 54 We must remember that if Russia has made the
-OA- N INEEproposal credited to her, she was probably aware
S : OYAL ENONEERS. at the time of the passage of the Silver Bill by the
'Captain iteneage, b. Dawson................. 8 Senate. Although Mr. Matthews thinks the opinion
Lie-ut. Wood, c. Opeushaw, b. Dawson........ 19 which Europe may have of us is of no consequence,
Lietut. Von Donop, b. Daw:son ................ 64 it cannot be denied that the passage of the Silver
Lieut. Rawson, c Rmadcliffe, b. Login ..........66 Bill will inevitably affect that opinion. The United
Corpl. Bloom, b. Dawson...................... 6 States, by a vote of more than two-thirds of the
Sapper Martin, b. Dawson................... 4 highest branch of its Legislature, has expressed its
Lieut. Bor, c. Radcliffe, b. Login.............. 5 desire to cheat its creditors. We cannot evade the
Captain Coddingtou, b. Dawson .........-.... 5 impression which this act will produce. We have
*Corpl. Adams, b Dawson ............ 2 solemnly announced that we are a nation of swind-
Lieut. Wilkinson, b. Dawson.................. 0 lers. Of course, we have not expressly called our-
Corpl. Risk, not out.......................... 6 selves by that term, for people who commit dishon-
Extras................21 est acts rarely have the shameless courage to char-
-- acterize them as they deserve. Nevertheless, the
Total..............204 fact is incontestable. We have proclaimed our
intention to cheat our creditors out of part of their
ROYAL ENOINEER OFFIrERS VS. T. C. OFFICERS AND dues, and though we may not care what Europe will
MEN, FEBRUARY 16TH. say of us, there can be no doubt as to the name
This was one of the best matches of the season which we deserve.
and after a good game victory remained with the It is an old proverb that a man is known by the
Officers by 49 runs on eJ.,LJ innings. company he keeps, and the same is equally true of a
SOFFICERS R. E. nation. If a man who cherishes a desire to gain
unlawful possession of his neighbor's property, and
Capt. Heneage, b. Adams .................... 21 is compelled to submit his case to a jury, insists
Lieut, Wood, b. Adams...............21 upon having a notoriously dishonest person upon
Lieut.- Von Donop, c. and b. Risk..............100 that jury, no one can entertain anyj'doubt as to his
Lieut. E. J-. Bor, e. Welc Lieut. Wilkinson, c. Blanehflower, b. Booker..... 1 he sought the aid of a dishonest juryman because
Capt. Coddibogton, e. and b. Adams............ 14 his aims were dishonest. Honest men, when they
,Lieut. Rawson, c. Adams, b. Risk ............... 14 submit any matter to arbitrators, insist upon sub-
Capt. Althorpe, b. Risk........................0 mitting it to honest men only, knowing that from
Lient. ellard, not out t.......................1 them they have nothing to fear; but rogues can
Lieut. Nicholls, b. Risk ... ................. 0 always hope to gain advantages by calling in the aid
Capt. Ferrier, b. Martin........................ 0 of other rogues.
Extras............. 6 Let us suppose that Russia, who has already torn
up-tre treaty of Paris, desires to have this treaty
Total.... ........ 179 which she must shortly make with Turkey so worded
Sj as to enable her at any time to evade its provisions,
N. C. OFFICERS AND MEN R. E. and to thereby secure advantages which at present
Qr. Mr. Sergt. Bailey, st. Rawson, b. Wood.......2 she dare not openly seize. She cannot expect that
Sap. Martin, b. Wood....................... 19 a congress composed of the representatives of honest
Sap. Welch, b. Wood ........ ................. 10 nations will consent to any such treaty ; but if in
Corp. Adams, b. Bor ...........................16 that congress there should be represented a nation
Corp.*Risk, run out .............. 35 celebrated for its skill in cheating its creditors, she
Corp. Blanclieflower, st. Rawson, b. Wood......... 7 could reasonably count upon one willing ac-
Sap. Wellard, run out ....................... 6 complice. If a man who is about to make a con-
Corp. Booker, b. Wood ........................ 6 tract calls in the services of a shyster" lawyer, it
Corip. Connors, c. and b. Wood................ 16 is understood that the latter is to assist him in gain-
Corp. Philkin, not out....-..................... 0 ing some surreptitious advantage. If Russia's de-
eoitp. McLeod, b. Von Donop.................... 0 signs are other than honest and straightforward, we
v;: Extras................ 22 canunderstand why she should wish the counsel of
,- : _- a shyster" nation. Russian diplomacy has earned,
a Total..,.............. 130 whether deseverdy or not, the reputation of being
i .ngularly crooked, and the alleged fact that Russia
46TH REGIMENT. now wishes the counsel of a nation which has voted
"F" Co., Commanded by Capt. Farwell. vs. "B" to cheat its creditors will certainly increase the
Co., Commanded by Lieut. Young, suspicion with which Europe regards her intentions.
Co, Commanded by Lieut. Young, We thus seethatthe assumed wish of Russia tohave
This match was played at Prospect on Saturday the United States take part in the proposed congress
se'night, and i:esiilteI iuna i victory for the "Gha- may be verymuch the reverse of complimentary to us.
gans" by one inunigs and 71 runs. The bowling Of course, it is possible that Russiais acting in aper-
of Pvt. Riordan is worthy of note, as also that of fectly straightforward manner, and that the news of
Pvt. Osborne. the passage of the Silver Bill had not reached St.
"F" COMPANY. Petersburg at the time when the suggestion that the
Ist Innings. 2nd Inings. United States should be consulted was made. The
Corpl. Murray, b. C. W. future, however, will soon show us the truth as to
Clarke 3 1.b.w., b. C. W. Clarke 1 this matter. If, in spite of the vote in the Senate,
Dmr. Barham, b. Riordan 1 c. Lt. Young, b. C. last Saturday morning, Russia still asks for our
W. Clarke 0 counsel, but one interpretation can be put upon her
Pvt. Osborn, c. & b. C.W. c. Lt. Young, b. Ri- conduct. No Government whose intentions and
Clarke 1 ordan 0 wishes are strictly honorable can desire that a nation
Pvt. Mulchny, run out 2 c. ,Lieut. Young, b. of repudiators should have any voice in deciding her
Riordan 0 fortunes.
Private Payne, b. C. W. Nevertheless, even if we put the worst interpreta-
Clarke 0 b. C. W. Clarke 5 tion upon Russia's conduct, it is possible that she will
Lieut. tden, b. Riordanu 7 b. Riordan 16 be disappointed in her hope of American assistance.
Private Dillion, run out 0 run out 0 In spite of the vote in the Senate, and of the pre.
Corpl. -easman, b. C. W. c. C. Clarke, b. C. W. vious vote in the House ; in spite of the speeches of
Clarke 1 Clarke 2 Mr. Matthews and the undoubted wishes of a large
Private Proctor, not out 1 not out 0 majority of the people of theWestern States, Ameri-
Le.-Corpl. White, absent 0 b. C. W. Clarke 1 cans are not all swindlers. It is by no means cer-
Private Holloway, do. 0 absent 0 tain a that a majority of the whole people
Extras 4 Extras ; 6 favor the Silver Bill, and it is morally certain that
-. the best and wisest men of the nation are bitterly
Total 20 Total 31 opposed to repudiation in any form. The people
have often been misrepresented by the politicians,
B" COMPANY. and it has yet to appear that the vote by which the
SO. R. Clerk Down, Osboru .................. O Senate disgraced itself last week represents the
Private C. Clarke, c. Murray, b. Osborn........ 5 opinion of the American nation. It will not do to
Sergt. Hart Eden, b. Osborn. 3........ assume that two-thirds of the people, as well as two-
Pergt SHartec. Pye.. orn................26 thirds of the Senate, are willing to cheat their
Lient. Young, c: Mura, b Eden.:........... 21 creditors and we iay yet redeem our reputation
Lieu t. Yon urray, b. Eden.................. 26 by repudiating the repudiators.
"Priv te el) .b s bo n .. . .2

C.W. Clarke, b. Payne..................... 0
White, e. Holloway, b. Payne. ....... 0
i Andrews, b. Murray ................ ..... 22
i Harrington, b. Iurray ......... 0
1 Riordan, not out .... .............. 9
Extras................... 10
Total .................. 122
On Wednesday a single-wicket match was play-
ed at Prospect between Sergt. H. Hart and Pvt. M.
Riordon v. P-t. H. Snell and Pvt. J. Andrews, for
1 each a side. The two former won by.7 wickets.

From the Philadelphia Press.
L.-Pay all debts in coin worth 90 cents on the
II.-Place direct taxation on industry, savings-
and earnings in the shape of an income tax.
III.-Shut up our furnaces, shops and manufac-
tories by free trade or a low! tariff.
IY.-Pay $70,000,000, in the shape of subsidies,
grants and aids, to the South, raising it from the
Northern workingman.
V.-Take off the- tax from whiskey. and tobacco,
in aid of the industrious Democratic poor.
VI. Reduce the army by starvation. It had no
right to save the Union.
What a magnificent achievement of statesman-
ship this platform is !-anud every plank 'of it has,
been moved in Congress b Demnocratic statesmen
and some of. them carried.

Professor Huxley has a stout mind of his own.
-"1 muft distinctly admit," he says, "that I should
be loath to be obliged to exist in a world in which
D,.y otiowp of what men should be and do will have
DO application. As the old Norseman said, when
the choice between Heaven, with the new genera-
tion, and Hell, with the old, was offered him, 'I
prefer to be with my ancestors.'" This speech of
the man of science refers to a supposition that the
m world isaentering upon a phase in which the recog-
nized whole duly of man will be to avoid the en-
ui 6nct ol physical pain, whatever future allevia-
anion o nmiery may be its consequence, however
gpeut tite positive bnefit' to mankind which may
flow therefrom. It so," says Huxley, "finis

IEs.-The Right iHon. Sir Michael Edward Hicks
Beach, of Williamstrip Park, Gloucestershire,
who has been appointed to succeed Lord Carnarvon
as Her Majesty's Chief Secretary of State for the
Colonies, is the elder son of the late Sir Michael H.
Hicks Beach, of Williamstrip, sometime M.P. for
East Gloucestershire, by his marriage with Harriet
Vittoria, daughter of Mr. John Stratton, of Far-

thinghoe Lodge, Northamptonshire. He was born
in the year 1837, and was educated at Eton and at
Christ Church, Oxford, where he took the usual
degrees, being placed first-clase in the school of
Law and Modern History at the final examination
in 1858. He succeeded to his father's title and
estates in 1854- He entered Parliament at the
general election in 1864 as member for East Glou-
cestershire, which he has since represented without
intermission. He is a magistrate and deputy-lieu-
tenant for Gloucestershire, and was for fourteen
years captain in the Royal North Gloucestershire
Militia. He held the post of Under Secretary of
State for the Home Department under Mr. Disraeli
in 1868, and has been Chief Secretary for Ireland
since 1874. He was sworn a member of the Privy
Council on taking the office which he has hitherto
held, and wus admitted last year to a seat in the
Cabinet. Sir Michael has been twice married-
firstly, in 1864, to Caroline Susan, eldest daughter
of Mr. John Henry Elwes, of Colesbourne Park,
Gloucester; and secondly, in 1874, to Lady Lucy
Catherine Fortescue, third daughter of Earl For-

BIRTH, in Pembroke, March 5, MRS. JOxHN W.

MARRIED, in Devonshire Parish, on Thursday last,

DIED, in Smith's Parish, on Friday last, after a
few days illness, MRS. ELIZA SMITH, aged 67 years,
widow of the late Mr. Isaac Smith ; leaving 5 children,
24 grandchildren, and a large circle of friends, to
mourn their loss.
..... .... at Elm Lodge, Warwick, on Sunday, 10th
instant, Miss SUSANNA B. DARRELL, in the 88th year
of her age.

all the Old Stag a,
13th inst., at Noon,
Ditto Corn MEAL
Half Do. Family BEEF
Bags OATS and RICE
Do. CORN and Laundry STARCH
TEA, assorted brands
Wrapping PAPER, 3 sizes
NAILS, all sizes RAISINS
Window SHADES Toilet SOAPS
Canned FRUIT Fancy PIPES
1 Brass DRUM (quite new)
And whatever else may be offered at the
Hamilton, 12th March, 1878.
P.S.-Should to-morrow be rainy, then first
fair day after. J. H.

For Benefit of
ers and

Owners, Underwrit-
all (oneiwnid.

At H.

Bermuda Dockyard,
11TH MARCH, 1878.
M. Dockyard,

4 S 1i1P W 7,?IGIIC.T' s'

Wages 7s. 6d. per day-with quarters on
board Hulk.
Certain Employment for Two Months.
Bermudian and Colonist copy twice.

tttatr P oal

By kind permi-sion of
Colouel P. L. Morrison,
C. IF. E.,

32nd Company R.EI.,
Will have the honor of appearing before the
Inhabitants of Bermuda on the Evenings of

Friday, Saturday,
Monday & Tuesday,
The 22nd, 23rd, 25th & 2lith March, 1878.

The performance each Evening will
commence with ToM 'PAY LOR'S celebrated
Drama, Entitled

7 he Ticket of Leave Mlan

Lw AS T Concluding on Friday and Monday, the 22nd
WILL D_ SL D, and 25th March, with the screaming Farce


On Thursday next,
The 14th inst., At 11 A.M., I

About5t 0


The same having been Damaged on board
the Italian Barque "Veronica Madre," Mura-
torio, Master, on a Voyage from Philadelphia
bound to the Channel for orders, and on Sur-
vey recommended to be Sold as above.
St. Georges, Bermuda, March 11, 1878.

The Undersigned will Receive,
Per ,Srhr. i ,. J ,: .Iafi^ ,9
Daily expected from New York,
1- Do. K. D. MEAL
Reams Tomato PAPER
100 Bales HIAY.
AN AUCTION of above will take place
shortly after arrival. Day made known by

We will Sell, at same Tilme,

A few Coils CORDAGE

Damaged by Sea-water ex Satelli
Heather Bell."

B. W.
Hamilton, March 11th,


1 East Broadway-145 'Test,
per Gallon. Cash only.,
Hamilton, 1 1th March, 1878 -1


ite" "and

& CO.'

Is.4d. I


To Farmers and Shippers of

Bermuda Produce,
Consignmen's to
Messrs. E. P. GOOWIS & 0 o.,
92 Barclay Street,
Are solicited by the Undersigned who will re-
ceive and forward sime.
Returns made Promptly.
Hamilton, March 4th, 1878.-to May 31 3p.

Notice to Growers
of Bermuda Produce.

r HE Undersigned beg to offer their Services
for Receiving and Forwarding onsign-
Bermuda Produce,
To Messrs. JOHA JV.NIX Co.,
"Throughout the coming Crop Season."
All Shipments intrusted to our Care will have
our usual good attention.
Hamilton, Bermuda.
January 21, 1878.-2 min. 3rd p.
BILLS of Entry, of Exchange, of Lading,
of Health, Seamen's Agreements, Ap-
prentices Inc'entures, Powers.of Attorney, &c.,
for Sale at the Royal Gazette" Stationary

And on Saturday and Tuesd ,y, the 23rd & 26th
March, with the laughable Farce
l)oors open at 7-30 P.M.
Carriages may be ordered at II P.,M.
For further particulars see Bills,
CORPL. S. A. 1 \NN, Secy.

Early 4kose Potatoes

rlIE Undersigned Offer to purchase Now
P O r Ar T ro
during g the present week for CASH.

Please apply.
Ilamilton, March 12, 187S.--I
Gazette only.

Box Material.

The Undersigned will Receive
Per Schr. F. C. I HLLOCK,

On~ionl Umid Tonialo


Of best Quality.
Which will be Sold on accommodating terms
from the Wharf.
Hamilton, March I Ith, 187S.-2 3p.

One Week More Onl !

When Debtors' Names will be Ga-
zetted remember
I East Broadway.
Hlamilton, lIlth March, 1878.--1


A Brown

15 hands high, 5 years old.
Warranted sound, and kind in all harness.
ilamilton, I11h M-irch, 1878.-2

For Rent,
In this Town,
A Comfortable and Conveniently Situated
Two Story
.welling iHOUSE,
Apply at the Royal Gazette" Office.
Hamilton, March 12th, 1878.

To Farmers and Others.

Would Respectfully Solicit Consignments of
Bermuda Produce,
throughout the present Crop Season.
Feeling confident that his long experience and
thorough acquaintance with the Business will
enable limn to give every satisfaction.
42 Front Street, Hamilton,
Will receive and forward Consignments free of
AccountSales and Cash returns promptly made.
58, 60 & 62 Centre Row, W. Washi Igto:
Market, New York.
Febtuarq 4, 1878.-3m. 3p.

BI'I MUDA, Alias .
By His Excellenci Mllaor-
R. M. Laffau, K. C. M. G., Governor,
Major-General, Commander-in-Chief, Vice.
Governor 4' Comman.Admiral and Ordinary in
der-in-Chief. and over these Islands, 4c.,
rc., c.
q. -.10 C radam 1011

W1I t ,ILEAS this present COLONIAL I'AR-
LIAMENT st'inds Prorogued to TUvE-
)DAY, the 12th day of March, T-78, I have
thought fit further to Prorogue, and do hereby
further Prororue the s-iid COLONIAL Par.LA-
MENT, to S lTUR DAY, Twentieth day of
April, of which as well the Members of the Le-
gislative Council as the Members of the House
of Assembly are hereby required to take no-
tice and to govern themselves accordingly.
(Given under my Hand and the Great
Seal of these Islands, this
Eleventh day of March 1878,
and in the 41st year of
Her M1ijesty's leign.
By His Excellency's Commnand,
Colonial Seeretaiy.
1 God Save the Queen.


" E RSONS desirous of furnishing

Hard Limestone
For the employment of Prisoners sentenced to
hard labour, in such quantities as may be re-
quired from time to time as hereinafter ex-
pressed-that is to say, for Twelve Calendar
Months from the 25th day of March, instant,
will be pleased to send inf

To the Subscriber, at Noon



The 19th of March, instant,
Expressing the price per Ton, when the low-
est, if otherwise approved by THE GOVERNOR,
will be accepted.
The Limestone must be entirely free from
Earth or Softstone, and in masses or large
pieces weighing from 50 lbs. to 500 lbs. in
weight. Persons contracting will be required
to enter into security with two sureties in the
sum of 100 for the due performance of their
Contract, and must engage to deliver, on or
before the 25th day of March, instant, a quan-
tity not less than Twenty Tons, and thereafter
in such quantities as may be required by the
PROVOST MARSHAL on his giving one week's
previous notice to the Contractor, as the quan-
tity from time to time must necessarily be de-
pendent on the number of Prisoners sentenced
to hard labour.

For further information please apply to
Pro. Mar. Gen.
March 11th, 1878.

To Growers and Ownetirs

IN consequence of the great increase in ship-
ments of Produce to New Yotk since the
season of 1874, we deem it necessary to give
notice, that we are ready to give our persona
attention ,as usual to all Mhipments of termnuia
Produce for New York made through us, but
without being responsible for the net proceeds
until paid to our order in New York, which will
be given to the New York Consignees for Sale,
by each vcss 1I transporting a shipment.
When necessary to order Specie in return for
any shipment it will he insured at the expense
, of the Owners interested, and Owners will
clearly understand that all the dangers of trans-
port are borne by them.
Hamilton, Bermuda, to30t ne, 3
February 9, 1878. to 30th June, 3


&ugar. tugar.
F'om fnimereara.

B LS. very Bright luscovado
Ditto Straw Color Vacuum Pan
Ditto White Do. Do,
Ha ,i!toMn, Marc', 2, 1S78.---2 3p

tnclaianue(I Leter.v,
Silviera de Amaral, Mr Anderson (HamilIon
Home), Thomas Adams, Joao Bettencourt, Cath,-r-
ino Conyers, Spinalla Dina, W A Douglas, wenry
T Dunkley, Mrs Sarah A Demver, Mrs Mary F Eve,
C Freeman, Mrs Ganto, Christopher Jaenmeti,
Maria Charlotte Johnson, S Li'taner, Vi, ira Maciel,
Silvertie Jose Maiai,,e, Richard McCarsy, Mary
Marn, E'len Murphy, Francisco Jacinthio -treira, J
C Searles, George Smnun., Georgeo Spencer. R San-
ders, Jerjiminn T Seon, .irs Maria J3ue Smith,
Sarah Swan, Joulhn Sw.min, J Ri Smith, Alple-us Smith,
John J Smiih, JamO's Fulion Smith, Georgw Trot,
Charles A T''om:is, ltachael Tuceler, l. E Walleck.
Post Offic.-, ilamnillon, \lirch 11, 1876.
FICE, ST'. GEORGE, Il th ilaich, 1878.
Fre.le ick B3arren, B Burchall, Th)m,.s Brot n,
Elizabeth, Fra:icis Gilbert, Sarah NM
I li,'.-, Churli'o Johnson, %l ingo Jon, s, Iuoh Mit-
chbil, ( olon 1%IcVicar, II Outerbridge, J Payne, Jas
WV Ricson-, Mrs Wm Smith, Susan, Judo l
Taylor, lienj D Talbot, Albert Vickero,

I ~


A m



F o.n the Edinburgh Courant, February 6.
The Government would not have much to fear from
the "lying spirit" which Mr. Cross and Mr. Hardy
have so ably held up to reprobation, if the people who
listen to it would first qualify themselves for forming
an o-inion by a calm study of how the present situation
has been brought about. In order, for instance, to
appreciate the object and intended effect of the recent
order for the entry of the Meditorraneaii fleet into the
Dardanelles, they might put themselves through a
preliminary course of Kinglake. In the History of
the Crimean War" they will see what the very pacific
Administration of Lord Aberdeen was allowed, and
even obliged by public opinion, to do. in order to check
the first preteRsionn of Russia, as advanced with cyni-
cal frankness by the late Emperor Nicholas. They
will observe that acts which are now denounced as acts
of war" were regarded then as preventatives. The
Aberdeen Cabinet had its differences as Lord Beacons-
field's has had, and while the latter have lasted but for
a day or two, the former were of months' duration. In
1853 it was the peace majority that drifted into war, in
spite of the remonstrances of Lord Palmerston, which,
had they been attended to, would in all human proba-
bility have maintained peace. In 1877 it is an eleventh-
twelfths majority of the Cabinet which agrees with
Lord Palmersion and would act in his spirit; the re-
maining twelfth preferred the ill-omened example of
Lord Aberdeen. The verdict that history, led by Mr.
Kinglake, has passed on the negotiations which pre-
ceded the Crimean war, is that had th'e Emperor
Nicholaq not been utterly misled by a section of the
English people whom hlie mistook fr the nation, and
trifled with by a feeble Government, he would never
have sent his troops across the Pruth. His son has
happily been guarded from the sinister delusions which
lured him to ruin. He has known England better, and
has not had an Aberdeen-Gladstone Cabinet to deal
with. On his side he has taken warning from the cat-
astrophe of 1,53, and on ours we have had the safe-
guard of a stronger and more consistent policy, which
has so far resisted not only hostile plotting abroad, but
factious calumnination at home. The key to that policy
has been a wish to avoid the diplomatic errors commit-
ted in 1-53. It has been far less offensive to Russia than
the policy of 1853 was, and it has been observed down
to this very moment a much stricter neutrality. Work-
ng with far more limited means, and in a friendlier
spirit to Russia, it has effected unspeakably greater re-
sults in the direction of preserving peace. Were the
Beaconsfield Ministry to fall to-morrow, its supporters
could fearlessly await the most stringent comparison of
it with any preceding Administration placed in a simi-
lar difficulty.
Early in 1853, Prince Mensehikoff was despatched on
a special mission to Constantinople. He presented
certain demands to the Porte, one of which was the con -
cession to Russia of a protectorate over the Greek
Church in the Ottoman Empire. This was an entirely
new and unexpected element suddenly foisted into the
old controversy respecting the Holy Places. On Feb-
ruary 25, Lopd Stratford de Redeliffe, being then on
leave of absence at home, returned to his post, with in-
structions to counsel prudence to the Porte and for-
bearance to the Powers who were urging their rival de-
mands upon it. On the 9th April he succeeded in get-
ting from the Russian Envoy a disclosure of the new
claim that was being, put forward. Prince Menchikoff
committed the mistake of allowing the question of the
Holy Places to be separated from his new claim, and
finally disposed of. This took place about the end of
April, and the Prince then concentrated his whole en-
ergy on the Greek protectorate. On the 5th May he
forwarded to the Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs
a draft of the desired convention. At a midnight
council, which has been graphically described by Mr.
Kinglake, the Cabinet unanimously agreed to reject it.
The demand was repeated in an ultimatum and laid be-
fore the Great Council, in which only three voted for it
and forty-two against it. On the 21st May Prince
Menschikoff quitted Constantinople, having during the
negotiations intimated to Lord Stratford that there
was no danger of any hostile aggression on the part of
his Government as the result of failure, but merely an
estrangement between the two Courts." On the 2nd
July, however, the Czar ordered his troops to cross the
Pruth and occupy the Principalities-not in a hostile"
sense, but as a pledge for the restoration of the rights
of the Orthodox Church. On the 23rd October, the
Russian General having refused to comply with the
summons of the Porte to evacuate the Principalities,
Russia and Turkey passed, as Mr. Kinglake says,
"' into a state of war." From the 21st May to the 23rd
October following there was a casus belli between the
two Powers, but they were legally and formally at
peace, and there was no ground for intervention between
them on the part of any third Power. During most of
the interval the Vienna Note was being discussed, and
until its final miscarriage there was every hope enter-
tained of an amicable solution.
* In this period of suspense--far less critical for us
than the emergency of the past ten days-what do we
find the Aberdeen Cabinet doing for the protection of
British interests P On the 31st of May it had sent Lord
Stratford authority to make use of the Mediterranean
fleet in ease of necessity. As Mr. Kinglake has it, "the
fleet at Msalta was to be moved when and whither he
chose, and even to the length of war. The Admiral
was ordered to obey any requisitions made upon him by
the Ambassador. A few days later, the Governments
of Paris and London, fearing the consequences, ordered
the fleets to move at once to the neighbourhood of the
Dardanelles." They remained at Besika Bay precisely
as the Mediterranean fleet has done all summer, until
apprehended disturbances in Constantinople induced
Lord Stratford to make partial use of his authority.
In consultation with the Ministers of the other Naval
Powers, it was resolved at the end of September to
bring up two steamers from each fleet. The French
Emperor, whom Mr. Kinglake so vehemently accuses
of wishina to precipitate an open breach with Russia,
made use of the temporary panic at Stamboul to urge
on the Aberdeen Cabinet that both fleets should be
ordered up at once to Constantinople. The decision
was taken without consulting Lord Stratford, and he
disapproved of it for a reason which it is highly im-
portant tqo understand. In explaining 'hy he had only
ordered up part of the squadron, he wrote on the 6th
October-" I wished to save Her Majesty's Govern-

meat from any embarrassment likely to accrue from a
premature passage of the Dardanelles by Admiral Dun-
das's squadron, and at the same time to take precau-
tions adequate to the appearance of danger," The
allied fleets entered the Dardanelles on the 22nd Octo-
ber, and r. Kinglake records the event with this sig-
nificant observation, that "on the following day the
Sultn, being then at war with Russia, was released
from the engagement which precluded him (so long as
he was at peace) from suffering foreign fleets to come
up through the Straits."
We have here the kernel of the controversy which has
been raised by the orders telegraphed a fortnight ago
to the fleet to enter the Dardanelles, whether it was or
was not a violation of neutrality, or, as Mr. Gladstone
and his fuglemen have been reiterating, an "act of
war." We append the chief clauses of the Treaty of
1841, by which an international regulation on the sub-
ject was originally established. This treaty succeeded
the tUnkiar Skelessi compact between Russia and the
Porte, by which the latter bound itself to keep the
Straits closed against all non-Russian vessels of war.
England and France had always repudiated the secret
clause in the Unkiar Skelessi Treaty, and when it
expired the opportunity was taken to bring all the
Maritime Powers into harmony as regards the use of
the Straits. The reciprocal engagement which they
undertook in 1841, and which they renewed in the
Treaty of Paris, applies, it will be seen, solely to a
state of peace in Turkey. When Turkey is at war its
territorial jurisdiction over the Straits sets aside the
provisions of the Treaty, and the only legality which
required to be observed in the recent transaction was to
obtain the consent of the Porte. That was done, as the
"lying spirit" has been forced to admit, on the direct
assurance of the Turkish Government. The official
title of the Treaty, as given below, sufficiently proves
that the order to the fleet might have been carried out
without contravening it.
AT. I .-His Highness the Sultan, on the one part,
declares that he is firmly resolved to maintain for the
future the principle invariably established as the ancient
rule of his empire, and in virtue of which it has at all
tipies been prohibited for the ships of war of foreign

* Powers to enter the Straits of the Dardanelles and of
the Bosphorus; and that, so long as the Porte is at
peace, his Highness will admit no foreign ship of war
into the said Straits.
And their Majesties the Queen of the United King-
dom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Emperor of
Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, the King of
the French, the King of Prussia, and the Emperor of
all the Rus.-iaN, on the other part, engage to respect
this determination of the Sultan, and to conform them-
selves to the principle above declared.
ART. II.-It is understood that in recording the in-
violability of the ancient rule of the Ottoman Empire
mentioned in the preceding Article, the Sultan reserves
to himself, as in past times, to deliver firmans of pas-
sage for light vessels under flag of war, which shall be
employed as is usual in the service of the missions of
foreign Powers.
ART. III.-His Highness the Sultan reserves to
himself to communicate the present convention to all
, the Powers with whom the Sublime Porte is in relations
of friendship, inviting them to accede thereto.
ART. IV.-The present convention shall be ratified,
and the ratifications thereof shall be exchanged, at
London at the expiration of two months, or sooner if

(From the New York Evening Post February 22.)
Some particulars of the Carousal during the night
Session on the Silver Bill.
A more disgraceful scene than the Senate dis-
played during the debate on the Silver bill last
night has not been seen for years. An all-night
session is never a very creditable affair. Senators
grow careless as the galleries empty. Boots are
drawn off. Men lie down at full length on the
settees in their stocking feet. Vests are unbutton-
ed. All the attitudes of a railroad car at 2 a.m.
are assumed. Smoking goes on all over the floor.
The doubtful jests of the cloak rooms float out
among the desks. Last night matters were worse.
The Senate was unmistakably drunk. A mere
small fraction was affected, but they colored the
scene just as a few noisy boys make a school a dis-.
orderly school.
Matters ran smoothly enough till between 7 and
8. By that time a fair portion of the Senate had
"dined." There was a "spread" in the Sergeant-
at-Arm's room. He is an officer under charges,
not wholly secure in his seat. There was another
spread in a committee room, confined principally to
some thirty-four brandy bottles and a dozen tum-
blers. Other bottles were accessible in a cloak
room. Things were not set out in quite as straight-
forward a way as they used to be four years ago in
the committee room of the House devoted to the
Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds,
where a whiskey barrel was tipped on end and pro-
vided with a faucet and a tin cup for all comers,
but liquor flowed nearly as freely.
The effect showed slowly. From 8 to 10 o'clock
it was noticeable that Senators were interrupting
each other with great freedom and singular lack of
coherence. Around certain seats men were shout-
ing with laughter at the drunken babble of Sena-
tors who were leaving the room at intervals, meas-
uring their drinks while absent, a Senator explain-
ed to me, by perpendicular Instead of horizontal
"fingers." From 10 o'clock on there could be 'no
possible doubt about the condition of affairs on the
floor, and two or three Senators' wives in the..pri-
vate gallery, among them the wife of an offending
member, were giggling behind their fans over the
"fun." Steps grew more unsteady, faces more
flushed, interruptions more incoherent. A distin-
guished Senator from California strolled back and
forth with that spongy and uncertain action of the
knees which plaintively suggests that one foot or the
other has been caught in a skein of sewing-silk.
His arms went around every man he met in some
maudlin embrace, and both sides of his desk were
needed when he rose to vote. There was another
Senator distinguished for his opposition to the
pending bill who displayed great anxiety to
strike out the second line of the word 'govern-
ment;'" (shrieks of laughter); finally by help of
diligent whispering, a man prompting and support-
ing on each side, gave his amendment correctly,
and dropped back in a drunken stupor; the
amendment was voted down; he woke, rose, re-
peated his amendment (wild and uncontrollable c
merriment), repeated it the third time (Senators
around him nearly crazy with mirth), and at last
persuaded in his befogged mind he tottered from
group to group, denouncing the unfairness of a vote
on his amendment, "while I was down at din-
ner." He dined at five. The amendment was
voted on after 10. Still a third Senator, for thirty
years the honored leader of a great party in a great
state, passed from his seat to the cloak room, and
from the cloak room to his seat only by wideapart
steps and supporting chairs, and when he reached
his seat fell there into a drunken sleep in one of the
pauses of a debate in' which he was endeavouring
to join, did join when he awoke-having slept with
a man thundering at him two feet from his desk-
with incoherent exclamations and doubtful answers
to a simple, plain and easy question. There were
other Senators less noisy and farther gone-one at
lull length on his desk and chair-legislating on
the silver question as Congress insists on legisla-
ting on that and many other questions, eyes shut
and mouth wide open.
Such was the Senate which smirched the na- '

tional honor by passing the Silver Bill, tacking on
it an amendment expressly intended to scale the
national debt ten per centum in value. And to a
New Yorker it was a matter for gratification, even
in the scene I have described, that Utica had sent
to the Senate two men faultlessly true to the larger
and to thetmaller proprieties of the Senate cham-
ber at 5 o'clock in the morning.-[ Washington
Letter to the Utica Herald.
The census of Senators who were intoxicated
during the all-night session on Friday night when
the Silver bill passed now foots up sixteen. Open
bars were kept in the Secretary's Office and in the
sergeant-at-arms's room, and the committee and
cloak rooms alfo contained stimulant, which was
freely supplied by the silver men.-[ Washington
Correspondent of the Boston Herald.

SAN FRANcisco, February 26.-The steamship
Oceanic, which arrived last night from China and
Japan, brings news of a terrible disaster at Tient-
sin. The refuge house in which the famine strick-
en refugees from the northern provinces had assem-
bled, took fire, and of nearly three thousand per-
sons in the building only about one hundred es-
caped. The extremely cold weather prevailing
lately has had a fatal effect upon the refugees, many
of whom have been frozen to death, while thousands
are suffering from insufficient accommodations and
lack of food, which cannot be supplied in quantities
to meet the demand. The efforts of the Govern-
ment to supply food and assistance is, to a great
extent nullified by the dishonesty of the officials
Children are sold by hundreds by their starving
parents. In the large cities of Hanchung and Pa-
chung risings have occurred among the people, ren-
dered desperate by seeing their wives and children
starving before their faces, and many other out-
breaks are reported. In Pachung the people be-
headed a mandarin for speculating on their necess-
ities. The cold has been unusually severe through-
out thecountry for several weeks,

An able and interesting paper "On the Zulu
i Kafirs, and the probable Influence of the Transvaal
Annexation upon the progress of Civilisation in the
Interior of Africa," was read at the Society of Arts,
London, on Tuesday, January 15, by Mr. Frederick
Bernard Fynney, of the Natal Colonial service.
Admiral Sir Erasmus Ommanney presided, and in
introducing Mr. Fynney, stated that that gentleman
had been upon Sir Theophilas Shepstone's staff
during the proceedings which had led to the annex-
ation of the Transvaal, and been employed in nego-
tiations with the Zulus, which had brought him into
personal relations with that people and their chief.
Mr. Fynney then read his paper, which commenced
with a sketch of the rise of the Zulu tribes of Kafirs,
under their chief Utyaka and his successors, andtheir
wars with the Boers of Natal, ending in 1840 with
the triumph of the latter, the cession to them of the
disputed territory of Natal, and the conclusion of a
treaty of peace. Following upon that event the
then Zulu King, Umpande, ruled his people well for
30 years, kept faith with both the Boers and the
English government, and died peacefully in his Royal
krael, Nodwengu, in 1871. Several years prior to
his death there was a conflict between two of his
sons for the succession, which resulted in favor of
Cetyweyo, who from that time acted as regent and in
1872 was himself formerly crowned King by Sir
Theophilus Shepstone, acting for the Natal govern-
ment. Cetyweyo, whose proceedings have occupied
so much attention in connection with the recent dis-
turbances in South-Eastern Africa, is flatteringly
portrayed by Mr. Fynney, who describes him as a
man of noble presence, a very king among his people,
and really handsome. He is, however, an altogether
irresponsible despot. His word is law, and the least
disobedience or disregard of his orders is followed by
the death of the offender. He is a believer in witch-
craft and evil agencies, sacrifices hundreds of his
subjects yearly an that account, and with his leading
chiefs is entirely averse to mission work. In fact,
he has made it a capital crime for any Zulu to
become a Christian. He is, nevertheless, a man of
great intelligence, has devoted much attention to
raising and perfecting his army, has armed many of
his warriors with guns, and established a large num-
ber of military kraals. From this account of the
King, Mr. Fynney passed to a description of Zulu-
land, the beauty and natural fertility and productive-
ness of which are unsurpassable. With regard to
the Zulus as a people, they are not only a fine race
physically, but generally truthful, honest, unrevenge-
ful, and faithful to a degree. This testimony rests
upon an experience of 27 years' residence amongst
them. Mr. Fynney added that he had travelled
thousands of miles with none but Zulus to attend
him, and had had for long periods at a time to de-
pend upon them alone for his safety. But the men
are idle, and the women do all the work; whilst the
authority of Cetyweyo is based so completely on
terror, that if he came into collision with' English
power and met a signal reverse, he would in all pro-
bability be swept away like a reed by the prompt
insurrection of his own people. The lecturer also
narrated the transactions which had led to the set-
tlement of the Boers in Transvaal, and the subse-
quent annexation of that territory to the British
possessions in South-Eastern Africa. This measure
he regards in the light of a guarantee for the speedy
introduction of civilisation into the very heart of this
inland range of the great continent. "It changes,
as if by the stroke of the magician's wand, through-
out this vast territory, the fundamental law' which
admits of no equality between white people and
black, for that other great canon which recognizes no
distinction in the claims of a universal brotherhood
and of a common humanity." Finally he is of
opinion that, with a strong and orderly government
established in the Transvaal, the successors at least
of King Cetyweyo will have to furnish very strong
guarantees for their good behaviour and change
their habits of life in very important particulars.
On concluding his address a hearty vote of thanks
was accorded to Mr. Fynney.
$ *6,
Sir Arthur Cotton attended a special meeting of
the Birmingham Chamber of Commerce on the 16th
January, and delivered an address upon Famine and
Irrigation in India. He said he had been 57 years
connected with the business of engineering in India,
and was for 26 years in charge of the very province
that suffered most from the late famine. They
might conceive the magnitude of the famine when he
told them that 30 millions of people were affected by
it, and that almost all of them had been ruined by it.
It was probable that not more than one million would
perish, but the entire population had to sell all they
possessed to keep them alive. The country had
been so ruined that it could not pay the revenue for
years to come. The government had spent alto-
gether out of the Treasury about thirty millions.
It was a fact that the whole of the famines in India
were caused by a want of water; and how could it
be questioned that water was the proper remedy for
it ? In the way of irrigation the natives had con-
structed, in the Madras Presidency alone, 40,000
tanks for collecting water; and ia Mysore, Hydera-
bad, and Bombay there were thousands more-
perhaps 80,000 altogether. The first question was,
when they got possession of the whole country,
whether they could not improve the tanks and supply
them from a great river. That had never been at-
tended to nor even had existing works been kept in
repair. He instanced the case of a great tract of
country which would yield 50,000 a year revenue,
but which had, by reason of an imperfect water
supply, fallen to 10,000. He said that with an
Soutlay of a few thousands a year the tanks could be

kept in repair. There was, he continued, only one
possible way of preventing famines in India, and
that was by water, which was to be used in two
ways, namely, for irrigation and transmission, and
both objects could be accomplished in exactly the
same way. He would admit that the government
had been doing something in the matter of irrigation.
They had now in hand many large works, and had
nearly completed fourteen. They had spent about
twenty millions, and it would take another ten mil-
lions to complete them. He pointed out the impor-
tance attributed by the natives to irrigation, and
quoted statistics to show that whereas the govern-
ment had altogether sunk 160 millions in the con-
struction of railways, which had proved to be a most
unremunerative investment, the construction of
irrigation works had returned a good interest of the
outlay, varying from 5 to as much as 87 per cent.
He also showed that if the traffic of India were con-
ducted by means of water ways there would be a
great saving in the cost effected, and this country
would be enabled to derive an enormous supply of
wheat upon cheaper terms than at present. India
would be better enabled to dispose of her produce,
and the result would be a greatly increased trade
between the two countries. He would not hesitate
to say that it was possible for the whole of India to
be more or less irrigated and protected in the future
against a recurrence of the famine.

Theodore Outerbridge,


Reid Street, West of "Royal Gazette" Office.

Office flours-10 to 12 and I to 4.
Will Visit St. Georges, Tuesdays and Fri-


Orders Promptly Attended to.

Hamilton, October 23th, 1876.

Has Received a supply of the fol-
Put up by t"e well known Dentists Messrs. GA-
B RIEL, Ludgate Hill, London.
SEDADENT, or Cure for Toothache
CORA LITE TOOTH PAST t,, for Cleansing
and Improving the Teeth
ROYAL DENTIFRICE, gives the Teeth a
pearl-like whiteness
Stopping decayed Teeth
remain white and firm as the Tooth itself
Mouth Wash.
Hamilton, March 26th, 1877.


DANIEL G. LANE Proprietor,

Branch Establishment, St. George.

THE Proprietor of the above Es-
tablishment having just returned by the
" Canitna" from New York, and brought with
him a number of NEW CARRIAGES and
Stylish YOUNG HORSES to add to his already
well selected Stock, begs to thank the Public of
Bermuda generally for their past Patronage and
hopes for a continuance cf the same.
Strangers visiting the Islands are particularly
requested to call and give the above Establish-
ment a trial before going elsewhere.
iamilton, Sept. 19th, It76.


__r]av i

;li=V" f04g -ua 2

SEa of Dr. oltz for


Thanks to this peculiar quality which gives it
great chemical experiences, D. OLTZ has

4g o


no rival, DR. Ilorz's [lair Iye has not the

La Correspondance Parisienne,
4 Rue de la Tacherie, 4.

Receiving ex Satellite,"ff 9

.Jt the Royal Gazette Stationery
k Exercise and Copy BOOKS, various sizes
Patent CLIPS
Cream-laid and Fancy Note PAPER, and EN-
VE 1.OPES to m itch
FO',l.SGC 'P, plain, ruled, blue and for Ac-
Audiscript, J. and other PENS Pen KNIVES
I'PUtSES FILES for Papers
Red, Blue, Green and Black PEN-CILS
Dog Wli I STLES, metal and wood
Shaving PAPER, &c., &c., &c.

Printing & Stationery.
Royal Gazette Office,
Corner of Reid and Burnaby Streets, Hlai


Is Executed with Neatness and Despatch.

At the Stationery Store adjoining the above
Always on hand, every variety of Articles in
that line.
Also, Cricketing GEAR, 4c., 4'c.

, Can be obtained from the
of London,
One of the lorngest Established and Wealthiest
Offices in Great Britain.

Through the BRANCH OFFICE in these
Islands, a Saving is effected to the Insured
of the Stamp Duty, a very considerable item.
RISKS taken both on REAL and PERSONAL
PROPERTY for 3, 6 or 12 months.
No FEES and no CHARGE for Policies.
*amilton, September 9th, 1356. g

J. & E. Atkinson's

celebrated for nearly a century past, is of the very
best English manufacture. For its purity and great
excellence it has obtained the following
LOND6N, 1862. PARIS, 1867. COBDOVA, 1871.
LIMA, 1872. VIEJNA, 1873.

dtkinson's Choice Perfumes for
White Rose, Frangipannc., Ylang Ylang, Stephano
tis, Opopanax, Jockey Club, Ess. Bouquet,
Trevol, Magnolia, Jasmin, Wood Vio-
And all other odours, of the finest quality only.

Celebrated Eau de Cologne
is strongly recommended, being more lasting and
fragrant than the German kinds.

celebrated for so many year, continues to be made
as heretofore. It is strongly Perfumed, and will be
found very durable in use.

and other specialties and general articles of Peffu.
mery may be obtained of all dealers throughout the
World, and of the Manufacturerf,
,7. & AT IS


CAUTION.-Messrs. J. & E. ATKINSON manu-
facture their articles of one and the best quality
only. Purchasers are cautioned to avoid counter.
feits by observing that each article is labelled with
the Firm's Trade Mark, ".'a White Rose on a
Golden Lyre ;" printed in seven colours.
April 11, 1876-12m If

I .

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Su. ,3Tide. REMARS

f ris. sets.


14Th 6 6 4H1878 4 18

W 0a. sets.B O.
LJJ^K -AC- 88

12 Tu 6 17 6 3 9 2 42
13 We 6 15 6 310 3 30 Ember Week
14 Th 6 6 4 11 4 18
15 Fri 6 1 6 512 5 6
16 Sat 6 10 6 6 13 5 54trick
17 .% 6 10 6 6 14 6 42 2ndinLent-St. Pa.
18 Mo 6 9 6 7 15 7 30 Fl. Mn. 4b, 47m Px

every Tuesday by DONALD M1PHEE LEE,
Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent
North-west Corner of Reid and Burnaby Streets,
where Blanks, Hand-bills, &c., will be
printed at the shortest notice.-Agent
at St. Georges for the Royal Gazelte,
JAMES THIES, sqr., Post Master General.


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