Group Title: Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder.
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
ALL ISSUES CITATION ZOOMABLE PAGE IMAGE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076588/00303
 Material Information
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: D.M. Lee
Place of Publication: Hamilton Bermuda
Publication Date: -1920
Frequency: three times a week[jan. 1910-dec. 1920]
weekly[ former 1828-]
semiweekly[ former -dec. 1909]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Newspapers -- Hamilton (Bermuda Islands)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Bermuda Islands   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bermuda Islands -- Hamilton
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1828?
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 93, no. 153 (Dec. 30, 1920).
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Jan. 22, 1828).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076588
Volume ID: VID00303
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 46887227
lccn - sn2003060500
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bermuda gazette (Hamilton, Bermuda Islands : 1821)
Succeeded by: Bermuda colonist
Succeeded by: Royal gazette and colonist daily

Full Text








BERMUDA COMMERRCIAL AND GENERAL ADVERTISER AND RECORDER.


No. 9.-Vol. LI. STATE SUPER VIAS ANTTIQAS. 24s per AI l


Hamilton, Bermuda, Tuesday, February '6, I8 7 8.
t I t i i .


Notice!


Notice!!


DISSOLUTION


THE CHILLYREN of St. Paul's CO-PARTNERSHIP,
- FChurch sunday School, Paget, intend
giving IGT HE Co-partnership heretofore
TWO GRAND VOCAL I existing under the firm name of BELL &
SNT lT IYOUNG', is this day dissolved by mutual con-
S; On the Evenings of tioEbenezer Bell is authorised to sign in liquida-

On dtal.lf v oTtlaii All Accounts remaining unpaid on 31st March
e s ay f7 t l'Say 1878, (except those previously arranged for) will
.27th and 28th instant. be placed in legal hands for collection.
Proceeds in itid of the above named School EBENEZER BELL,
House. ,, It. A. YOUNG.
The patroige of the Public is very respect- Hamilton 31st January, 1878.-3
fully solicited. -
lPRicK oF ADiurseioN-One Shilling. Chil- NOTICE.
dren half-price.
doors open at 7 o'clock. Performance to rTHE Business of the late Firm will be con-
cSmmnence at 7 '30 precisely. Ptinued by the undersigned in his own name,
Tickets may be obtained at the door on the until further notice.ZR BLL
Evenings of Performance. NEEHamilton, 78 BELL.
The Audience will be very nicely amused with amilton, Feby. 1,1878.
a choice selection of Vocal Music, Dialogues
Recitations, &c., &c. TO All whom it may Con-
JOHN E. R. WILSON, Ay Co
Conductor. 0B c rn.
Paget, February 18th, 1878.-2 I HEREBY give Notice that I have been
-- appointed AGENT AND ATTORNEY for
GOD SAVE THE QUEEN the Board of Underwriters of New Orleans, and
will from this Date, represent the Interests of
Saddlery.V the following Companies, Vizt. :-
New Orleans Mutual Insurance Company,
Crescent do. do. do.
THE UNDERSIGNED,- Merchants do. do. do
las Just Received from London, Sun do. do. do.
as Jus Received from London, Union Insurance Company,
A Superior Lot of Gentlemen's Hope do. do.
RIiDING BRIDLES Hibernia do. do.
Rl e Body BRUSHES Dandy BRUSHIES Factors and Traders Insurance Company,
Water or Hoof BRUSHES Tentonia Insurance Company,
Spoke BRUSHFS Curry and Mane COIMBS New Orleans Insurance Association,
Gents and Ladies Riding WHIPS Peoples' Insurance Company,
Carriage WnHIPS Mecliar.irs and Traders Insurance Company.
Horso and Donkey Cart HARNESSES W. C. HYLAND,
Cart LASH ES Knee CAPS Agent for the several Boards of Under-
Carriage LAMPS, c. writers for Nei York, Boston,
l ED W D ROBINSON, Baltimore and Philadelphia, &c.; &c., &c.
Harness and Carriage Establishment, under St. George's, Bermuda,
the Town HIall, EPast Front St., Hamilton. 21st January, 1878.


February 18th, 1878.--4



I am constantly Receiving
Fron0 m tle New York Isnrkelt,
FRESH SUPPLIES OF
GROCERIES & PROVISIONS.
LSO, ON HAND,
CUT NAILS
Of all sizes,
AND,
Five Barrels of WVell-sprunig
Garnet Seed POTATOES.
Superior Whit, Seed CORPN
For Sale,
Terms Reasonable, by
J. C. KEENEY.
"Hanilion, February 19, 1878.

Notice.

BOOTS, SHOES & SLIPPERS,
Cheap and Durable,
Fancy PRINTS and SHEETING,
American Novelties,
LAMPS and Patent BURNEKIS,
Lamps Repaired,
'Tin PLATES Jelly PANS Coffee POTS
The Improved Little .Vight Lamp.
ISA AC N. JON ES,
Five Doors West of "Gazette" Office,
Mr. Jas. Richardson's Store.
Hamilton,. February 19th, 1878.



FAMILY GROCER,
Whol.sa'e and Retail Dealer in
English and American Preserved


Nos. 10 and 12 Queen Street,
Hamilton, Bermuda. 0
N. B.-wShips' Stores Supplied at"Lowest
Priei.
P0briary 18th, 1878.-12 m

Jolihn B. Newman,
Reid Street, Hamilton.
(Nearly opposite the Royal Gazette" Ollice,)
General Harness Maker and
Repairer.
Carriage TRIMME R and U PHOLSTEUER,
*MATTRESSES made to order.
N. B.-Neatness, Strength and Punctuality
Guaranteed at the above Establishment.
Hhmilton, Do .1at, 1877.-3m.


Fashionable Dressmak-
ing.
,'HISS ANNIE SMITil takes this opportuni-
ty of thanking her Lady Patrons and the
Public generally, for their past favors, and to
inform them that she has removed her place of
Business from Rose Cottage to the DWELLrN
House next South of Brunswick House, Anule
Street, near Cedar Avenue, where she solicits
a continuance of same.
Hamilton, Jan. 29th, 1878.

Business Opportunity.

A4 NY GENTLEMAN or Lady who can com-n
drd mand Cash Capital of Pounds, One Hun-
dred, and would like to see the World and
make Money, can have this rare chance by ad-
dressing Traveller" at this Office.
State where an Interview can be had.
January 28th, 1878.

For Rent,
The Comfortable and Pleasantly
Situated

In DWELLING,
In the Town of Hamilton, now occupied by
1Mr. N. O. )DURHAM.
Possession given 5th January 1878.
Apply to
J. E E VANS,
At the Paint Shop,
Next Cor. of Qu'een and Reid Street.
Ilhailfon, Novr. 19th, 1877.

For Rent.
That very Desirable and Conve-
niently Situated
J^Dwelling !1OUSE,
In Reid Street, Hamilton, known as STONE
HAVEN," with Stables, Coach House, &c.
Apply to


January 29th, 1878.


MRl. MI. S. HUNTI.


Notice.


HOUSE FOR RENT.
The Dwelling House,
In Town of Hamilton,
At present occupied by Mrs. Louisa Bennett.
Possession given in January next.
Apply to,
B. E. DICKINSON.
Hamilton, Dec. 18, 1877.

Cook Wanted,
By a Family in this Town,
Apply at the "Royal Gazette" Office.
Hamilton, Feby. 4th, 1878.


Notice.
ALONZO PENISTON has made arrange-
4 inents for obtaining a quantity of the
GENUINE RED AND WIIITE TENERIFFE


Which he expects to receive in September next.
Persons can engage the same by applying to
the Subscriber or to
JOHN ZUILL, Somerset.
A. J. HODSDON, Hamilton.
W. 0. NORTH, Bailey's Bay.
The Undersigned will also take this opportu-
nity of informing his Friends and the Public
generally, that he is now prepared to give his
personal attention to the Consignment of
PRODUCE,
To Messrs. T. H3. Bock 0k Co.,
OF NEW YORK,
And will assure all that he will do every thing
in his power to promote the welfare of those
that favor him with Consignments.
3 L ONjZO PEJIS TON.
Hamilton, Jany. 22nd, 1878. ,


P



e"Plq


E R S 0 N S desirous of Con-
signing
P 9R g E
TO


F csstrso


Middle Ion
NEW YORK,


Will please call upon MRI. S \MUEL A. MAS.
TERS, Front Street, who will attend to the
Shipment of their goods, as heretofore.
MIDDLETON & CO.
Hamilton, Feby. 12th, 1878.-3 m
A. E~rILus OUTERBRIDGE. JOHN S. SOOTT.
.1. Emilius Outerbridge

Shipping and 3otmission
ER E i A NTS,
No. 29 BROADWAY,
Agents for NEw YORK.


Quebec & Gulf Ports S. S. Co.,
New York and West India Division.
Jany. 7, 1878.

R. W. Hayward 4 Co.,
General Shipping and
Commission i'erchatnts,
(P. 0. BOX 3709.)
52 EXCHANGE PL \CE,


R. W. HAYWARD, New York.
F. D. S. NASH.
52 EXCHANGE PLACE,
NEW YORK, Jany. 15th, 1878
Any Parties desirous of

Shipping Produce
to our Address will please apply to Mr. C. A. V.
FRITH (at Store of Mr. E. B. JONES, Hamil-
ton), who will forward them free of Consul's
Certificate, &c.
Our Junior, Mr. NASH, will be on hand as
usual, later in the Season.
R, W. HAYWAR D & CO.
January 22, 1878.-tf.


It. HI. MILLE11.


Mil


G. W. SrP- r-;v P. i


ler & Spencer,
306 Washington Street,
NC W YORK,.


All persons desirous of shipping to the above
address will be afforded every accommodation
by applying to our Agent,
THEO. OUTERBIUDGE,
Reid Street, Hamilton.
Bermuda, January 28, 1878.


Wanted a Cook.
Apply at Gazette" Office.
February 18, 1878.

For Sale,
A Fine
rBay Horse
Arrived by the CANIMA" on 20th Instant,
Suitable for general purposes.
THEO. OUTER B RIDGE,
REID STREET.
January 22, 1878.

For Sale.
A good Saddle and Draft


Apply at the Oltice of the "Royal Gazette."
Hamilton, Feby. 19th, 1878.


S


Comfortable Lodging
For either a Single Gentleman or
a Lady, can be obtained in Church Street, in
this Town. Board can a'so be obtained if re-
quired.
For Reference apply at the Office of the
" Royal Gazette."
January 28, 1878.

"Eau" of Dr. Holtz for
HAIR DYE.
T'11iIS WATER is of an entirely vegetable
composition, and its use is quite inof-
fensive.
Thanks to this peculiar quality which gives it
no rival, DR. IloLirz's Hair Dye has not the
disadvantage of the other preparations which
give to the hair an unnaturally vulgar color.
Guided by his medical knowledge and his,
great chemical experiences, Da. HOLTZ has
succeeded in the discovery of plants, which give
the richest balsamic dyeing and curative essen-
ces, and it is by this study that he succeeded to
compound a dye which may be styled as the
Reg .enrator by excellence of the cii 'c'u,'e.
GENERAL WAREHOUSE, IN PARIS.
La Correspondance Parisienne,
4 Rue de la Tacherie, 4.


Notice.
S LL Persons having CLAIMS against AN-
'TI'HONY BURGESS HILL, late of Ham.
ilton Parish, deceased, will present the same to
:the Subscribers on or before the first day oj April
next, and all Persons INDEBTED to the Es-
tate, will please make Payment by that time.
WM. WHITNEY,
SAML. A. MASTERS.
Executors.
January 14, 1878.

Mr. Robert Beding field,
m i rin4tt

Animals and Birds of all Descrip-
tions STUFFED.
SMITHS HILL, HAMILTON.
O(" Orders may be left at the Office of the
Royal Gazette."
February 12th, 1878.

Garnet Seed Potatoes,
In prime Condition for Planting.
S. S. INGHAM'.
15th January, 1878.

0, F. BASGO M E
M.D.,
DENTIST,
REID STREET, HAMILTON, EAST,
Has Received a supply of the fol-
lowing
PR EPdl~IR TIOM.S
FOR THE TEETH
Put up by the well known Dentists Messrs. GA-
IBRIEL, Ludgate Hill, London.
SEDADENT, or Cure for Toothache
CORALITE TOOTH PASTE, for Cleansing
and Improving the Teeth
ROYAL DENTIFRICE, gives the Teeth a
pearl-like whiteness
WHITE GUTTA PERCHA ENAMEL, for
Stopping decayed Teeth
OSTEO-ENA M EL STOPPING, warranted to
remain white and firm as the Tooth itself
ODONTALGIQUE ELIXIR, celebrated
Mouth Wash.
Hamilton, March 26th, 1877.

Syo m M 1
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Printing & Stationery.

Royal Gazette Office,
Corner of Reid and Burnaby Streets, lian
ilton,
WV'lER: ALL KINDS OF
JOB WORK
Is I'xecaut'd with Neatmn~s and Despatch.
At the Stationery Store adjoining the A:bo
U flcier
Always on hand, every variety of Articles
that line.
.ilso, Cricketing GEAR, 4c., 4 c.


I-


ve
in


'Theodore Oiiterbrid e,

HAMILTON.
Reid Street, \Vest of Royal Gazette" Offiq
Office Hours-10 to 12 and I to 4.
Will Visit St. Georges, Tuesdays and Fri-
days.
Orders Promptly Attended to.
Hamilton, October 26ilh, 1876.



BULL'S HEAD LIVERY
ST A BLE .
DANIEL G. LANE Proprietor,
HAMILTON.
Branch Establishment, St. George.

T H E Proprietor of the above Es-
tablishment having just returned hy the
Canima" from New Yoirk, and brought with
him a number of NEW CARRIIAGES and
Stylish YOUNG HOR.SES to add to his already
well selected Stock, begs to thank the Publie of
Bermuda generally for their past Patronage and
hopes for a continuance cf the same.
Strangers visiting the Islands are particularly
requested to call and give the above Establish.
ment a trial before going elsewhere.
H amilton, Sept. 19th,. 1876.




If 0 L Et PE J 00L,
CA LL U AT QUEENSTO\VN,
Carrying the United States Mail
from New York
ON TU ESD AY.
.s Steamslhips
-MONTANA sails Feby. 12, at Noon.
NEVADA sails Feby. 19, at 7 a.m.
IDAIlO sails Feby. 26, at 1 p.m.
WYOMING sails Mlarch 5, at 6 a.m.
\VISCON.IN sails March 12, at I[ a.m
The above Steamers aree uilt expressly for
the Trade, have five watertight bulkheads, and
carry experienced Officers, Surgeons and Stew-
ardesses. The Saloon Acc.iinmoindations are un-
surpassed by any Atlantic toamers, and the
State Rooms are on main deck opening into the
Saloon, thus securing that great comfort in
ocean travel, percl ui tilation and light.
The U. S. Alail Steamer (Canima" from Ber-
muda, Thursdays, generally arrives at New-York
on AMondays, and Passengers' baggage can be
transfrerr 1 direct to the Liverpool Steamer sail-
ing next d&y.
WILLIAMS & GUION,
Agents,
29 Broadway, New York.
New York, Jany. 31, 178....

COa 34 a r4


44
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P 147. 1 F7 PT


I.TR A:'. AIC


Fy. N~
-26'
21
"2

24


:.,1 1,-7
330'27l,


Win1l
' ;. in.
, t.I- t


s\'
N
N
SE

S.W
.SW


69-

7(.


eii, 1ei i.tnir I-revious
'24 hourt. Rain.


-- 1Inch.

0 0 0 0
1-7 o, 87-4 33-8 ,-1:3
7"1 47-0 11 ,-2 :-10 0'29L
*'-5 44-0 12-:'1 37-", 0-00
7.5 49-6 1:31 .9 20S.1-^ 1 (161


2-6 -I'r 1:21-1
(1-9 (;4-u1 114-4 51


* Lowest reading on grass for sornme years in





lIat ilIo n, Feblruary 26,


*. PIN CL .' (T LOF L." ,'i-Y.
'.IT..: -' i- :., H AMILTC:_ .T
In the in; e .- S.m.inn '. ,nt',-u',rv, II.it:', and
WVilli.un Norii-, lt Offi.-cr of thie B.u.ue i Mialt-,"
strandeinil ou ti,- Scuitlh -.iile *:f the Brniuilas on. the
morirninL' of tie. I.tth Fi--l.ru ry, instant, when on
p. i-,.:'._e frm Arih ---,u, .i'otlari,1. to Delaware
Brenakwater IIamptonRoadc, or Tylvi..-- United States.
The Court was mj:nlmos:d as follows :
I: .il-n:iral,. EUGENIUS HARVEY, President,
Vw h-liipfifl MoBBs A. M. FRITH,
,, THOMAus N. DILL,
B. A. WILLIAMS, Xifi;cal Assessor.


.*', i.'im,,, The Court met on thi.- l'2tl and 14th Fl.-uuary,
3"-4 0o00 instant, and received the evidence of the crew, and
5-4 0'39 1st OCi:-er niid the written itatnt-lUn-ut of the Ma?,.tr-r.
The Court then adjourned to Wednesday last, the
TItal 1'17 201th dany of Fbhruary, when it met aud gave jud'--
i Berimuln. mont as fo:illows ;:-
JUDGMENT.


Iks~i.


.. .. ....... .. .... ...
FELRITARY 25TH, 18S7.S.
IS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR
has been pleased to appoint
His Ilonor' .*Jo aiiuh Cees,
Chief Justice,
To be PRESIDENT OF HER lIAJESTY'S 'COUNCIL
for these Islainds.
By His Excellency's Commnd,
Pi, E. WEBSTER,
1 Colonial Secretary.

Col0o hi Si cr&etary's Ofice,
FEBRU.ARY 25TH1, 1.78.
HTIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR
has appointed1
ltIr. Thovnmwn Toddiungs,
To be an EXTRA RETENITE OFFICER. in accord-
ance with the provisions of the Act No. 28,
1875. ,
PB His E.' f.(11 iwy's Command,
B. E- WEBSTER,
1 Colonial Secretary.

CUSTOM M HOUSE-HAM l ILTON.
E ENTERED.
Febv. 22-Schr. Mary Jane Elizabeth. McPherson,
Baltimore ; ba1lasit.-Agents. B. W. Walker & Co.
Brigt. Rover, White, Demerara; rum and sugar, to S.
S. Ingham.
25-Barkeniine Heathor Belle. Owen, Lnndon; goods
for merchants.-Agene, T. F. J. Tucker.
C' LEAR El.
Feby. 21-Mail Steamei-r Caniua. Liu,!lienat, New
York ; 420 bls. potatoes. 420 boxeQ oonionatoo. 122
boxes beets, 20 kegs arrowroot, .46 qrs. arin 6) eights
wine.
22-Schr. J. W. Peasley, Balier, New York; 2000
bushels salt.
CUSTOM HOUSE-ST. GEORGE.
ENTERED.
Febyv. 21-Barque Hohenzollern, --, New York; in
bllast. io Joln S. Darrell.
LFARED.
Feby. 22-Brigt. Kate. Fader, Baltimore; balance of
inward carol, nuts anidl sulphur.
23-Brig Frioress, IRicliards, Swansea; portion of in-
ward cargo of phosphate.

MOVEMENTS OF VESSEL; PORT OF ST. GEORGE.
S: :' Barques. '
T,.rrnica Ladri--awaiting intruelions.
Hrlitn:olera- discharging ballast prior to taking on
board enargo rf petroleum from Zuill's Warehouses ex
Barque Susan M. IDudmou, for de.sination.
Monar ,.,i--awaiting further instructions concerning
balance of cearg'. still inboard.
.vur'ra--nearl.y finished reloadling.
* 'Brig,.
Eliza-ready for sailing.
Clara mri'd Aq;s--diseharged and awaiting instruC-
tions.
ZAtland-discharged and repairing.
C. T'. Tr7.'e,,fl'-dischargin'.
Schooners.
Uncle Trom-was sold at Auction ye-terday. and pur-
chased by Mr. Otto Meyer" for 39. She is to be
refitted.
Li::h' l M. <'<, w'r--,tndergoinr repairs.
Barque MaJlta. strandlel n the South Side Reefi is
to be snold at Auction Iti-morrow, at 11 a.m., on the
spot, and materials at Hamilton same day at 1'30 p.m.
'PASqENOGER'- ARRIVED.
In the R. M. Steamer Bta', on Saturday last:-J.
B. Morrow. Esqr., Mrs. Morrow, MisA E. Morrow,
Master W- Morrow, Miss Knihlt. Mrs. Slay ter and 2
children. Mr. J. D. Dickinson. Mr. Wynshurst. Mr.
George A. Sanford, Lt. B. Buckle. Lt. FI. D. Robin-
son and servant. Rev. R. Disney. B. M. E. Church.
2nd Cabin-Micha1r Goulding, Allen Mumford, Mrs.
E. Pullford. Dck-A. W. Bean.
For St. Thoas-IMr. Sanm. B. Smith. Mrs. Smith,
3 children and uurse. Ihck--Mrs. Williams, Jacob
Heyliger.
PASSENGERS HAILED.
In the Mail Steamer Canima on Thursday last for
New York :-AMiss Andersxn and nurse. Miss Thies,
Dr. Jordan. John F. Burrows, Esqr., M.C.P., Capis.
H. C. Perkini and N. Muratoria, Messrs. H. E. Cat-
man, G. W. R. Comstock, R. B. Weiss, T. D. Dre-
cher and Joseph Doemer.-Stcera,,, Francis Nayaghl
and six seamen.
The Carri., Dingle left Londin for Bermudla, on the
2nd instant.
The G. S. Bi.,',',. Howard, from Troon with coal, ar-
rived at St. Jago ile Cuba., in 93 days.
H. M. S.e. Ea, 'dice, Captain Marcus Hare, arrived
from the West Inidies yesterday. The E. is a Training
Ship andl has been cruising among the West India Is-
lands for sbme ionlths.

The R. M. Steamer Beta' left Halifax this trip on
Tuesday the 19th instant, nnd will probably leave
on Tuesday in future, but nothing definite has yet
been settled,.
The mails from Halifax for England will in fu-
tuie leave,on Saturday.

PROSPECT GARRISON CROQUET CLUTB.-Weather
perrittia-g, there will be a meeting of the Prospect
Garrison Croquet Club at p.m. to-day (Tuesday)
when thb Band of the 46th Regt. will play the
following Selection :--
S. PROGRAMrE.
Grand March.... Prince Ardur............ .Heuvel
Overture..... Leas Carnrades d' Ecole.......Campbell
Waltz.....Die Schwe/enden (eister....... .Hecker


Selection.......... .Strudella ...., ......Flotow
Galop .......... allat uan. Gay.......... Carroll
_ Selection... ....Don Pasquale.........Donizetti
GOD SAVE THE QUEEN.

An Inquest was held in St. George's Parish, on
the 21st instant, before Denis Tucker, Esqr., Coro-
ner, on view of the body of Peter Casey Burges3s,
late coloured labourer from Paget Parish, who died
very sudderily.on the previous night. A post mor-
tem was nimade by Drs. Hunter and Riordan; after
hearing their evidence, with others, the Jury found
that death resulted from natural causes, to wit,dis-
ease of the heart.


It appears, that the sai:l ship "Malta," some 537
tons by register, left Ardrssan on the 14th of De-
c-t:niber, 1377, with some 215 tons of coal on board
and some ballast, bound to the Unitedl Stats, the
Mister being at liberty to call at the Delaware
Breakwater, Hampton Roads, or Tybee, which ever
the wind suited best to go to" ; that all went well
on board until the night of the 9th February, 1878,
when about 2'30 a.m. of the l(0t h, she struck on the
reefs to the south of these Islauds, about a cable's
l_,ngth from th,: shore, some short distance to the
Eastward '.f what is known as Hungary Bay, and
bee-a me i'wrel:ed.
That, by the ship's Log, the Latitude 1,y obser-
vation at n:.-on on the 9th was 31 31', Longitude
by account 67 ':Vi'. Thin: Master stat.--s tLhe m-orn-
ing of the 9th was fine and the sun out, and we got
an observation at a.m. and fiouid our Longitude
660 29l' 15' W., the Latitude at the time. by account
being' 31" 40' N., wild then- about W.S.W., steer-
ing by the wind with thle yards about a point
ira,.'-Ae in, so that, we were going N. W. by N. JN.
nud all the afternoon the wind was variable. My
Latitude at noon was 31 28', but could not depend
upon it as the sky was full of white clouds at the
time of observation. My Longitude by account was
670 3', so that I considered myself to the westward
of Bermuda, but found out, after getting on shore,
that my chronometer was considerably out." The
Master submitted a certificate showing an error in
lhIron1omete r.
It appears from the evidence that the weather
was thick and hazy during the fore part of the
watch from 8 to 12 on the 9th, and later it became
so thick that it was impossible to see but a very
short distance ahead of the ship. The wind was
from S.W., moderate but. not steady, the ship going
from 4 to 5 knot-, making about a N.W. course up
to about 10-30 o'clock, when the course was altered
to N. a little to the East.
John M'.Farlane, bhoatswain, deposes-at 9-30 I
saw a star or a light on the lee bow, and saw it a
2nd time about 10-30, and reported it to the Mas-
ter, who was on deck, who ordered soundings to be
taken, which was done twice, but no bottom found
in 30 fathoms (no soundings were taken after 12
o'clock, until the .ship struck.) I
John Henry Worthington, A.B., says-M-,Neil-
lie, who relieved me on the look out at 10. reported,
as far as he could recollect, a revolving light on the
starl.i,,ard bow; that he (Worthington) saw it and
lost it again, and shortly afterwards he again saw
it and lost it, did not see it afterwards. The light
was reported to the Master who asked me where it
was, and I told him it was on the b tnbrlioard bow.
After the Master left the forecastle the light was
again reported.
William Stewart, A.B., says-I was at the wheel.
I saw no light, but the man on the look out re-
ported a light about 10-30 on the starl-oard bow.
John Miller, Carpenter, states-I had turned in
and I suppose about 10-30, I heard, "a light ahead"
reported. I heard the 1st Officer say some days
before, they were to the southward of Bermuda.
John Norris, a boy or ordinary seaman, says:
I heard the Mate give orders to the man on the
look-out (Erskiuo) to look out for a small island.
Thlis is confirmed !,y Erskiue, who says that the
Mate told him to look out for a small island in
the N. E., that there were a great many soldiers
there, then I knew I was on the coast of Bermuda."
Both the Master and Mate allow that the order
was given to look out for a small island, but the
former stated that on his general chart a small
Island is laid down to the N. E. (if Bermuda (chart
not submitted). Both the Master and Mate further
stated that they knew nothing" of the danger of
approaching Bermuda, or anything abli-ut Bermuda.
It further appears that al.iout 10"-3 p.m. tlhe
ship's course was altered to N. a little East,
that this course was steered until al;cout 1-30, when
it was changed to N. N. W. until to 2 am., and
then N. W. by N., when about 2-30 a.m., with all
plain sail set, going at the rate of 6 to 7 knots, she
struck on the said reefs.
The Court, keeping in view the long experie,.uce
of both the Master and Mate as navigators, the
former having been a shipma.ter for some 9 years,
and part of that time engaged in the North Ameri-
can trade ; the latter a navigator for some 14 or 15
years, and most of that time also engaged in the
Noith American trade, cannot but express their
surprise at their' ignorance of the dangers of ap-
proacahing Bermuda, and cannot admit sutill plea on
the part of either the Master or Mate, wlo:se re-
spective duties, it was, to have made themselves
acquainted with the character of any dangers they
were likely to pa.-s in the course of their voiyage.
And on the discovery that a light had Leon seen
several times on the star:board il:,;w, and feeling
pretty certain of the latitude of their ship, the
Master committed a gross error in judgment when
he altered hi.-ourse to the North a little to the
East, but. shouT4 have used all care and precaution
and have tacked his ship to the South anud East-
ward (there being nothing to prevent his tackine
his .,hip when the light was reported), and not
have attempted to cross the latitude of these Is.
lands in sueh very thick and foggy weather as ha,
been given in evidence.
The Court, after reviewing all the ciicumstancexs
is of opinion that this casualty must be attiibutec
to the want of due care and precaution on the parli
of the Master and Mate, coupled, with the Master',
over-confidence in his chrononmeter, but upon du<
consideratibu of the high-character given the saic
Master Iy his officer, and crew generally, the
believe that the justice of the case will be met b
the suspension of his certificate for the term of forn
calendar months; anid we do order and decree thai
the Certificate of competency of the said Master
the said Samuel Montgumery, be, and hereby is
su-p:enided for the said term of four calenda:


nimuths from the date hereof.
With respect to the Mate, the said Wm. Norris
the Court consider him at fault in regard to hi,
want of judgment and knowle-dge, but as the Mas
ter came on deck shortly after .the li'lt was firs
seen and remained in charge until the ship s tiu-ck
they are of opinion that the ends of justice will bi
satisfied by severely censuring him, which we do
and caution him to be more careful in future ; w(
therefore return his Certificate to him.
We do further order that the expenses of holdinE
this enquiry, not exceeding the sum of twenty
pounds, be paid into the Public Treasury of thi
Colony within ten days from the date hereof, by
John Samuel Darrell, Esquire, M 'er.:l.hut, Agent!
for the said ship "Malta."


(Signed) EUGENIUS HARVEY, President,
MORRIS A. M. FRITH,
THOMAS N,-DILL,


i '>:"-" i'..,n ." H ,- ..: T .,wn of HaPk ilth i,,





I am of opinion that the certifirate of Captain
Saimili Mo n t :.;'iU y, of th. Bri it islh B .a r -t 'MaltI.'
wrecked on tih,. South -i,1 of tlse I-h n.l., ,hoild
be returned to him, there being no evidence before
the Court to convict him of carelessness or negulI.-t ;
that a light was seen there can be no doubt, al-
thoui.-h mnot s~,*.n by the Captain with his glasses.
I ,C.:idi,-M'r that not much importance could lave
been naihi<-h:.d to seeing the light, whether it w:s
Upi:,p,.i.l to be a light on the land or a ship's light,
as it does not appear from the evi l ,re that it was
c'.,m uniii-ate,:i- from one wat-h to the other; not
a wor.l was said about it; and I am of opinion,
when the proceedings are laid before the TBoard of
Trade they will think Captain Montgomery lias
been dealt harshly by; and last, though not least,
many a clever shipmaster ha.s lost a good ship and
valuable cargo from having a bad chronometer, as
it is quite evident that the 'Malta's' was out.
(Sign.-d)
B. A. WILLIAMS, Nyandical Assessor.
20th February, 1878.

MONUMENTAL STONE.
During the past week a very solid and chaste
Mo'nui-ntal Stone was placed over the grave of our
late Bishop, Edward Feild, in St. John's Churl:.h-
yard, erected to his memory by his widow Mrs.
Feild, and his sister, Mrs. Patrick.
It consists of a large solid coped block of red
Peterhead granite, on which are cut, in relief, a
floriated cross, with a pastoral staff. On three of
the vertical sides of this e-ranit,? tomb is the in-
scription, "Here rslrt, ti,? tnindy of the Right Rev.
Edward Feild, D.D., Lord Bishop of Newfound-
land, who ldepartled this life, June .th, A.D., 1876,
aged seventy-five years," and the inscription, My
hope is in GOP." Th. whole rests on a solid mould-
ed 1,as-mient of Portland stne.
The work ,of plh:-ing' the stone was most suicc,-s-
fully i-ffected by Mes'rs. Hawkins and Welsh, two
skilful artificers of our town, under the kind super-
intendence of William R. Bennett, Esiqr., Civil En-
gineer- r.

The Russians are not, as was reported, in Con-
s.tantinople, nor is it likely that British interests
will be imperilled by their attempting to go there.
'The immense fleet of ironclads now in the Darda-
nelles, or on their way there, will doubtless have a
very discisive influence on the amnblition of Russia
in that particular.

An Enquiry into the eiricumsntance of the stab-
bing of the 1st Officer of tlie Tferchant. vessel Satel-
lite, by the Boatswain of said vessel on the evening
of the 18th instant, is Low in progress. before the
Police Magistrate of Hamilton. Tihe- wounds in-
flicted are reported to be of a dangerous kind.

It will be noticed by the weekly Extracts from
the Met trrtlogi,:al Ols,-rvatios taken at Prospect,
published in to-day's "Gazette," that on the 21st
instant, the TL',i-momnteir on the grass indicated
28'2. The lowest for very many yien:a'...

REMONETIZATION or SILVER.-The "Bland"
Silver Bill passed the United States Senate on the
15th instant. by a vote of 48 to 21. The questions
now arc-Will the President veto for it ? And if
be veto it, can the silver men muster the requisite
two-thirds yote to pass it over his veto ? The vote
taken indicate s tlit bVy can. Ametican bndls
are coming back from Europe in large numbers,
and gold which a sho it time ago was down to lil 1
bas within a few days gone up, to 1021, indicating
that the enactment of the law remonetizing silver
will have a depressing effect upon American secu-
, cities in the European money market and may se-
riously prejudice the credit of the nation.
The Bland" Bill provides for an unlimited sup-
ply of silver dollars at a nomimnl value of 92 cents
each, so that it legalizes an act of fraud to the ex-
ten' of 8 cents on every dollar. The labourer
therefore if paid in silver, will be victimized to the
extent cf 8 cents on each dollar. In the payment of
large debts and in the redemption of Government
Eonds, hw much more will the fraud ulent princi-
ples of Ihls measure be felt. The national integrity
and honor will, doubltlessly, be s, riously affected.

UNITED STATES.--WAsnI:OTON, Feby. 18.-
This Government has not received invitation to
send represeniative to Congress at E:;1. Baden to
deliberate upon Ea-tern Question. The propriety
of accepting such an invitation, when received will
be the subject of Caini t discussion, and will be
treated with all the importance it deserves.
Mi. Outrey, French Miisiter ihre, states that all
Reports from Paris as to Exposition :r,' most favor-
able, and indicate that there uill be nothing to
pit event its opening on the 1st of May.

THE BRITISH FLEET.

THE ~1EDITERRANEAN AND CHANNEL SQUADRONS.

The Mediterranean fet, whicbkh is now at Con-
Setantinople, consists of the following iron-clads,
SAdmiral Hornby, on the "Alexandra," being in
chief command :


Name. Guns.
Alexandra...................12 -
Achilles.......................16
Agincourt.......................17
Devastation (turret) .... 4
Hotspur (ram) ............... 3
PIllis...................... 8
Research................. 4
Rupert (ram) ............... 4
Sultan............................ 12
Swiftsure......................14
Dreadnought (tui res) ...... 4
The C(hannel fleet, Lrond John
notaur" in eomunand, which hi
Gii altar, is :s follows:
Black Prince............... 28
Ajax (IluMet) .............. 4
Defence.......................16
I-ecate (turret) ........... 4
I1Miolaur......................17
Nortliubt11i. oi ln .............28
Thundeter (turet) .......... 4
T liun ih ........................ 1
Agamemnon (turret) ...... 4
Inflexible (turret) ........... 4
Invincible......................14
Mon.Irch (tin ret)............. 7


Horse
Tonnage. Power.
9,492 8,615
9,694 5,722
10,627 6,867
9,110 6,652
4.019 3,497
,787 83,581
1,741 1,042
5,444 4,6:5
9,286 8.129
6,660 4,918
10,886 8,000
Hay on the ",Mi-
has been ordered to


9,187
8,492
6,070
3,4-130
10,627
I t,5.S4
9,190
6,660
8,492
11,406
6,034
8,322


5,772
6,450
2,587
1,755
6,702
6,553
6,270
4, 92
6,4,0
8,000
4,268
7,842


The Iwo fleets a-gregnie 23 iron-clads, 2-12 guns
of the heaviest calibre, 179,261 tons, and 129,679
bor;se-powi-r---by far the most. colossal armada the
world has. yet seen. They are accompanied by a
number of steel corvettes of great speed, and gun.
boats.

,.== A fSUPPLEMENT of Five Columns
accompanies this issue of the Gazette.
It contains
A Letter f'roiem our L.:nl:n ('Corr,-..aoindent,
Mr. F,.,rsti.r, M..P., 011 DisstaiMli:.inent,
Latest Eng'lish and Foreign News,
Comuiiini-ation. '" Madame Tally-ho" and
Many Friends,"


P':- ESTA D LISH .: ENT.
Mr1.. FrITOP.-A wiI.r in your last G.',/t/ tliiL,
the i2r snat ul. C .' st, liha; ,in ,-'ine f' twar. to s.I .--
tl? pri, 'peclive ahii :nt'.es., of Di stabl:ki -nie-nt. it
deeply i rinorNis all tlihse in n eriui.la frwho fel "n in-
t(rest in the wel;uble andl ,oilinti nii.e 'if t ('he Curih 'f nm
DIn ilo-re, I. ro-iider wliether ti,.e Iben.:fits which ol
it- anlvi-.ate.. tilii-.ite aire s certain, l al so) great as p
t,: in.tliry the irr-vocable- me.iire they pui pose. ti
Thle t:r.ti, !t a-Itinniiiit iu-e, in its favor is, that, while tI
elii in. to the E.:tbli-.si.hr nt. we stand ensl:vel i~ it,
were, and ar. not p- UnPti,,l tI make suih i'eulat.. is ,
for our Church in the oatheling and dispr.s,-l of t'i1i.,
as we might do if perfectly free to manage our own af- t
fairs. Ti.- writer has not specified what are the re- "
strictions rvniiplninel ,"; and I am quite at a loss to P
imagine any which exist, that cnfli.t with the welfare L
ot ,,e Church. 0
In 1T'6 a Cihurch Sli ety was formed here, and v, y 1:
shl:irtly after rld ii.orp.ii- 1.v the Loe'.i-'lii n
with the amplest powiwi., of disposal of its funds and tI
property, as it mii-.lit see fit. Arni. it rtsnienlr.s h
;e8e, si: n-. of the most prominent niid influential per- ,
sons in the .:oimiii, nity and stanihliest. Supporters of the s
Church; but, unfortunately. it is understood that the
permanent incl-.ome dorivablhe froiin its- funds doies not, t
as yet, exceed ixty p..u1i.,. a year. Here was no re-
tri.tioii of necessary powers, n,r any withholding" of
legislative san rtion ; tlhe nly imrpoliin.:nt to the im- n
mediate silce.-. ft ti iilan arose, either friin tlie in- ii
ability or til1e ni!\illini.-!ess iif peCo'.le to icoutriliute s1
adequate ieon iin; to nRa'iep1lisli the de1sir'el ,r 1,lje.t. We d
must lie0, for its process in futine pjiul dfi al iradail 1
increase in the ftiii.ls of ift lioe .i-!.tv ; still it aiiino:t 1e
justly a-llk-ege in r .-ar I o it. that when thrown upon,
our own resources, we have not th. liberty to exercise ',
them." Ent "Guest" su&2ests tlat, if tDisestabil-.l-
ment were adopted, it woniMl.1 ring- out our ener!ies. a
make us fotr the work and ihe duty tc lie ours. tind s
Ipri.oduce a ifrate'rnizini slsirit, andil an a nlition to di,.-
charge our duties f.i thtully anil tll-.ti llyal Tli-. i.i t
siiiil-ly.begginig the questioii and a-..niuin'g, tliht Di'es- ]i
tablishment wonilI wrl; ai ul;tr change in our ability o
and in our dispositions towards the Church, assuming _
also that in such a very .limiiiuti-.o Col(.lny a Be-rmitil, c
with such precarious resouin!ves. it i. wise, or even safe,
for our Church to renounce for ever all connexion with, '
or aid from the State, :..1 to iely entirely for Churchi
support upon the voluutii i.:Intrii.uti,,is of its mem- t
hers. Gue '" turns away from tlie muelauhliy c..ui-
dition of the Clhurnch in the PEilahrlhis, sin,. its Dises- T
tablishment, bt. invite us to imitate th.- examille. in this C
respect, set us in the lUnile.l States ; wlire, -in:e tlih (
iReviol:itioin. no religious Bodiy whatev'-, hl:s ,bee-n estal s
li.-hi.1, or in any manner, ciniic-d.h:-. i wi th e lA.tte. I
Surely, to compare the resources of suci a !lpe,:k of r
land as Bermuda with those of tie broad Unitdl States I 1
with its ntuliern i. wealthy, lii.plilous and .r-.win' '
cities, and to follow their example, would be a 1I-.l at-
tempt. We have no ,...,77.',,o,.. among us, as they n
have. Only a few weeks Lgo i le newspapers reported
that a Cli]nuli irn N:.w Yoik 1Neiin.- in p',:i.iniar.y dlit,.-ul- i
ties, a son ,,f the late Ciiniioire VYan':l. iilt .ub-eri'-d i
. i7' I,'l. and ]ii., iroth-er' .' i0.(i or its iieli'. But even f i
in America, upon c-nqiiiiry it will be foind that. ho'eer I
flourishin- th. EpisI)pal ('hutrl:ch niny 1e in the ]re
and wealthy cities, it iJs ,saly oti--rwise in miiany tli' j
country and less l poplu-.l, litri-,t,. If the published I
reports 1..- true. altliouighi there is ;rioilto be 9 great num-
ber of uneniplo,',el.l rl .,yiiin f the Episcopal Church,
there are uny i:niiuntry ('lihur:lhs that are, and long
have been vacant, for want of adequate support. This
consequence of the system otf e ch Coin(r,'Watii ied.y-
ing upon the voluntary *:oi-tril..tiniis -.f its mIieiimers for '
Church support, is there felt to be a great evil. espoe- .
cially with regard to the poorer looanliti-s. Even in
more populous places, its want ,f' permanence is- very t
embarrassing. Great as the evil i.-. we hall lihave niu'h 1
reason to dread it, if ldisestablihment .-.hlould irev'il t
here.
In Bermuda, no liarish, not even the mo-st wealthy,
has any i s.irlvs.:i Church re.soirce.s to I ,et-r.w npii the
nei- .' -riing parishes. The Ministers' salaries, even
linow, are v ery santy, f..r the ri-cp,,:tal.le maintenance
of a clt~-y ma nii and his tfimnily ; when t'nit.her ,diulin-
ished by the withdrawal of the Colonbial stij~hpnls, it will
be difl:.iilt for the two central anid inost fiorel par-
ishes to meet their own rmqdlnirie-nts iii this respect. I
They will have nothing to ,pare for tile ailj:ia.ent par-
ishes, at present united with tlihen1,i y Law :-;n t the-e
poorer pnrislhes will be compelled, unless they receive
some external aid, to shut up tlenir Cihurches. It is 1
-lilfficlt, to perc'eive. it' Disestal.ilisimen-t is forc- d upon j
them, from what source this external assistance is
to come. The two great Church -.-.eieties in England,
the one for the Prop.pa gatio'n of the Go;spel. the ,thr for r
Pri'intib-,g Christian Kn.iwlidg 1w, have lithert'o teen
the ..'. I's i. ,t" the Cul rch in il e -I lo,( lies. By lise,-
tablishment, we should to a great e:teut, if not altigo-
ther, cut ourselves loose from any connexion with I
them. In-itend of doing this, w...ild it not be more
prudent, to endeavorr to h old on by the ties. which at I
present bind them as well as us to the Church in Eng-
land, -in, to seekl their aid in providing for the perftrm-
ance of Episi:-pal functions in B' !mnda, andl recnm-
mendirn c ,ler, ymen to fill vacancie as they may occur
in our Chliirches '
What plan for securing tlie services of a Bishop, is
lprop.i.pd by the iliselal.,lishitient rher,,, lias not yet
been made" ullic. It i.s unot easy to perceive if hie
C'hurh of England in Bernmula lie .lisestabhisheil. how
the Bih',p of any other Diocese .< uld oriciate in orur
Clhirclhs here.. .
In Australia and other extensive Colonial Provin,.es,
vtlierethe nuil.,er of clergymen i .'reart, it. is practieca-
Ill to elect one to that office from among' themselves.
It is to be hoped that no s-ui.ih lrotiect is c:-ntemplated
here. For a body of only six beni-ficed clergy.men to
elect one of themselves for their .own Bishop; or a
local Synod to elect one of the six to that police, wioull
most as.nredly lh .,rin.e' about such heart-burnini s in the
Community, as woulti deItroy the pe:ce oft thlie lChurch.
And if 7;, stbll7is!d.J th re would be no higher power to
appeal to. hIowever unsatisfacto:ry the conclusions of
any sueh functionary ii.. lit be,
Thine p-rivil'ee of E1isoail suri ervisioln nuow apper-
taiiimin'r- tip us as a iratinh of the Church of Ebgland, is
one w ii v iih in outr cir-rlinstane.-. i3 oughlit tin Ie very
loath ti ca,>t away .,y .li.eslabllishnient. At present,
since th- death i of I'Bi.hiop Feiid it is in sispense, I ut
let us i.: extin-u.ishl it t.rev'er iby oulr own V ,alt. The
Tmpe':ial Govei iiuent -till continues to appoint Bish-
ons i, the C' rown Col onies, where thi it Goivernmnent has


ogi..lative powers, and caan therelv providle f.r their
stiipprl from Col'nial funds. If, '1y any mcean.u.. ade-
quate fund,; colil lie rpernianentlty providedl hero, for
ociasional Epis.o, al visitations to Bermluda, it is not
beyond hope that they may -till be i--cuired ; but dises-
talMihn4ent v:.ul'l interipose very serious additional
obstacles.
Let it r, t be fo.rgoiitten that d;:1,iii,,'hirmo t and 7;'. ~-
tablishment, are not inseparable. Ev. n supposing that
five years lh-nce the exi-.ting stipendls to our Clergv out.
of the ColoiiIl Tieasuirv should 1e (di.se..ntiilue.I it.
does not necessarily follow that our Church .should be
entirely disestabli.,hed. Let us make still more stre-
nuiius edti lr.'ii urs to supply any deficiency that right
ari.e from such a withdrawal, by our own voluntary
contrbliut-ions. and, if need be. sac.rifie-s ; still holding
on byv thinie_ Laws of the Country which s-.cure the
Gli-bs, Parsonage houses, and1 other plioperty ofo u)ir
'lihir,.h, :ind e'ible it partially" tO sulppl)ly its ne. essities.
Let our Church-Vestries continue to be empowered (as
at present) to tax the property o, its members to a very
moderatet, limited amount in aid of Church lpurl.oses,
while Uil Tlenieiiing it to ithe lest 1of our ability, froin
private resoturrces. And al.tove all, let us b-,vare of
dangerous experiments in Church over meant, aund
internal dimensions among ourselves ; which w,,ould be
sure to weaken the attachmlnent of our :people to their
lChurich, if not. entirely to alienate them from it.
PARISHIONER.
February 22. 1;78.
I~~ ~ ~ .,
OFFER Or THE CUNARD COMPANY.-The London
Standardof tbe'15th says :-. Mr. Burns has offered
to place one of the finest of the Cunard Steamers
at the Government's disposal free of cost, so that
the capabilities of the veisc(s of lhat lire for carry-
ing armament may be tested,
The Canada papers state that indler cet tai.
countitigencies5, a .e:-giiment, wiil be raised in Cana,-
da for loieign service in the British aritay.
NEW YORK, Fl... 15.---re fili'.uiers3 tinlder
Aquiibo, who recently captured Greytovwn, Nicara-
gua, feared to attack Limon because a British gun-
boat was there.


strangers shall not violate it in their midst.
We do not justify the destruction of property,
but as we do not know the whole circumstances of
this case, we are justified in assuming that the
men who were called from a proper observance of
the Sabbath to repel, those who deflently violated
it. could hbaldly be guilty of the destruction pamed
without great provocation."

DROWNED AT SEA.-The Cunard steamer China,
which arrived at New York on Thursday last, en-
countered very severe weather, and had her fist
officer, Edwin Babson, and second officer, Owen
Hai ris, washed overboard and drowned on thle 9th
instant.

THE WVORr.D'S SHIPPINo.-The report of the
Bureau Veritas for the year 1877 gives the total
number of sailing vessels, all countries, as 58,208,
with a gross tonnage of 15,5.13,368, of w-hich num-
ber Great Britain bad 1"1 25, with a tonnage of 5,-
807,265, and the United kmta"-s 7,2S3, with a ton-
nage ot '2.90,521. The tota' number of steam ves-
Pels was 5,771, with a gross manuage of 5,686,842,
of which 03.2%9 or mere than one-half, are credited
to Great Britain, and only 602 to the United States.
The latter st-anS next to Gr.-a-t Britaitnin the num- t
ber and tontlage 1oth of sailing and steam craft.
The loss,-s of shipping, not including coastwiAe
vessels, are put down at more than 2000 vessels
of all flags every vemr. Last year'the losses were.
2,3001; in 1875. 2,190; in 1874, 2,0':i3 ; in 1873, 2,-
165; and in 1872, when the losses were the largest
ever before known, they were 2547 vessels. Since
1868, 20,000 vessels have been lost at sea. In the
year 1872 the United States lost 199 sea-going ves-
sels and Great Britain 1228. The losses of sea-go-
ing-steamers range from 105 to 2A0 annually, and
in l'74-1 the number was 244. The capital invested
it, the shipping of (be world was calculated to boe
$,50.,:J27,000 in sail, and 8.-'2,016,000) in steam
tonnage a total of $0'..000.),000. The value of the
s(a ai. tc manage t A Grea. Britain 'i ftabout$250,(i00000,
and i6 gr'ali (tLa,, that of All tle other nations
cumbineCd. Her steam aud sail tonnage combined
is 9,190,357 tons, or 2,069,833 lessaan the com-
bined tonnage ol all the other national.


.-d ii ~ L~ F~ ~s~-r j~ q ~* ~


HOUSE OF LORDS, JANUARY 20.

T'iir LATE KINf; OP ITALY.
Th-. Earl of Dorch ..ter inquired whether the recent
li sirin of the Earl of Roden to Italy to attend the
-eqnuie-s of the late Kin" wv'as meant to express the
erisonal 're:r,:r and respect of Her Majesty, or whe-
-ir the nolil,:l Earl w, c-ent as the representative of
ii- Enmpire? It the Litter, of-ficrs of the highest
n.M!k- anl the mrtie t ,i ntinuiished service should have
eL-cn select-od to in.lieate the reL-ard of this country for
ie fir't Kin of Con-titutional Itily, of Liberal Italv,
nil,. l in iht al i 4,.st s'v', of Protestant Italy, and the
,c-itrto i' shr,,lld not ham v been -nitrustel to a simple
oir idt the Bechalrtmber. (Cionsilering the Iriend1lhip
I the Queen and thI Icelihn of the .:-ountry for the
it: Kinn" it would not have been too much for a
irnbler of the Royal Family to represent England at
he obsequisc.,. The Palians, who were a people of
ilh ,suleceptibility, felt that there might have been
oim lhinig in the nature o l a slight in this matter, an 0 A
e thought SOlite explanation was due them. He cer-
ainly clil not behli,v-e arny .sli.hit was intended, though
oite1 neIlCwpa per.- Lad, stated the contrary.
The.. Earl ot Beacon.field-Mly Lords, there is no
notice on the paper of the subhjlet the noble Lord has
introduced, and although I had received previously
ome intimation that he wonull take the course lie haq
one, I anim not prep-ired to rdiscus ithe subject. The mis- t
ion dri not andl could not in any respect lie regarded
- bearing that character which the noble Earl seems to
Ulppos,. sonip person; would attribute to it. I believe
luit all the- strict rules of etiquette that are observe
nd1 r-espectedl in lnatter of this kind have been -
erved in tihe r pprointrent rof a peer and a mrnem c er of
he Ri-val H ciihiold ton flfil the function uJich fell
' thli lt of thie Enrl of Roden. The nob Lord who
as ju-t 'cat down seemns to think that.:'*t was the duty
f a Prince ol tihe blood, or sore o'ne equally distin-
)uikhe, (o accept the duty. I wi-61 1iobserve that
,-reinonies like Roval funerals and 1kt'al marriages,
nd a l:iirs of that kind in other nations ar'e.now very
iminerous, and attendance is expected at them by
hoei- who are the r-e)rp-pntative; of Royvalty in a much
vreate- dei-ree than in preceding g-nerations, which
probabliv may lip attril.utedl to the rapid means %f
oinniimunication which now prevail. But if we laid
lown as a lule that upon occasions of this kind we
hihul heo ri.pre. rented bv Princes of the blood it would
ie quite impiosibil, unless the Royal family were far
noroe luimrou, than they are at the present time in
Engln-l- -(in i!iter)-to" comply with the wishes of
hle noble Lord. I tlink I need hardly assure the
lou-e that there could be on the part of Her Majesty
o10 thought of treating the memory of King Victor
Emmniianuel with indiflerence. (Cheers.) Hle was not:
)nlv thel personal friend of the Queen, but lie was our
fithuh l alley. (C('he-rs.) If the -usceptibiliries of the
Italians have be-n excited by Her Majesty, of course
inder the advice of Her Government, appointing the
Eari of Rodei,, a member of the Royal Ilousehokld; to
1l her representative,. I Her Maiesty has conferred upon the new King of
Italy the rceatesrt distinction in Her Majesty's power
-namely, the Or.ler of the Garter-(cheers)-and I
believe that that distinction received from so illhstri-
oui a mnonanrch as our owin has been appreciated iyv the
Kinmz in a inanni-r the rnoist rernarklable. (Cheers.)
That sIiows that no fe-lingie of the kind can exist be-
ween the Royal i nuilie-.s of the two countries, anil I
believe that the- sentiment of the Royal families of the
two countries represents that of the two nations.
(Loud cheers.)

NEWFOUNDLAND.-The Legislature of the an-
cient colony" was summoned for despatch of busi-
noes on the 7th inst. The Lieutenant Governor's
speech mentions that the seal fiery was a fair one;
the cod and herring fisheries o rthe Newfoundland
shore and Labrador was deficient one-third, while
he hnuk fishery was moderately successful. Agri-
culture, mining pursuits and shipbuilding have
Lbeen pursued with increased activity. Mention is
also mad, of the fishery award and the gratifying
fact ik stated that the revenue exceeded the estimate.
Satisfaction is expressed at the fortnightly mail ar- **
rangement with the Allan Company, with the ex-
ten'ion of the coastal mail service, the appointment
of a Stipendiary Magistrate for the Western coast,
and the extension of telegraphic communication
northward. Survey of the Mineral lands of the Is-
land is to be prosecuted with increased activity.
Boston has eight inches of ice. We in New-
founrland have neither ice nor snow, our streets be-
ine almost as free of winter covering as they were
last July. We do all our travelling on wheels, there
heing neither frost or snow for a sleigh to run on,
What's the matiler ?
TROUBLES IN NEWFOUNDLAND AMONG THE AllE-
RTCAN AD ENGLI-! FIdHERMEN.-"Ou Sunday
fortnight several American crews, aided by some
of our own people succeeded in hauling many hun-
dred barrels of herring at Anderson's Cove. The
people of the place, proof against the Yankee dollar,
turned out en nma.se, and having made a successful
onset on the Sal:bbath violators, cut their nets,
traps and seines in pieces."
The Chronicle says:-
It is true we have no statute law prohibiting
the talking of fish within our waters on the Sabbath,
but our people understand what the moral law on
the subject is, and as they do not violate this moral
law themselves, they are justified in seeing that





-77 ~ .


( lJri'ten fxpressly for the flermu a IR ,' f;a:eie )
The 'P; c s-1.s PuI' f, .-t o% s a1.d v-.-

(Concluded.)
Th'i first William Caslon had an apprentice
inamitd Jackson, Who in 1733 managed to discover
the imode of cutting pum.l, by stealthily observ-
ing the secret operations. Dismissed along with a
fellow apprentice, Cotterill, for heading a strike, he
entered the navy, and by 1763 had sufficient prize
money to start a foundry, which flourished. On his
death 1792, William Caslon III purchased the
business, relinquishing in 1807 in favor of his son
"William Caslou IV, 'who in 1819 sold all his
punches, matrices, &c., to Blake, Garnett & Co.,
Sheffield, whose foundry is now carried on by
Henry Stephenson, under the style of Stephenson,
Blake & Co. Vincent Figgins was first apprentice
and afterwards foreman to Jackson, on whose
death, through I r. Bensley the printer, in 1793,
Figoins set up a foundry in Swan Yard, Holborn.
He was suiic:ee'kd by his two sons, Vincent and
James, the latter of whom is now an Alderman of
London, the great business in Ray Street being
managed by his son. Cotterill, Jackson's fellow
apprentice at Caslon's, set up a foundry in Nevil's
-Court, Fetter Lane. His apprentice, Mr. Thorne,
succeeded him, and removed to Fann Street. On his
death, in 1820, the business was purchased by Mr.
Thorowgood, who took into partnership his traveller,
Mr. Robert Besley, afterwards Lord Mayor of
London. Mr. Besley retired in 1862, the foundry
being purchased by Mr. (now Sir) Charles Reed
and Mr. Fox. The latter died a few months ago,
and has been succeeded by Mr. Andrew Reed, the
style of Reed & Fox, being retained. John Bask-
erville established a foundry at Birmingham about
1750. On his death, in 1799, Beaumarchais the
French poet, purchased the greater part of his
matrices, (some are still at the Clarendon Press,
Oxford) took them to Kehl and printed a splendid
edition of .Voltaire's works from them. The
foundry of Miller & PRi-hri.1, of Edinburgh, was
established by William Miller, in 1809, who in
1823, was joined by, his son-in-law, Walter Rich-
ard, whose sons now carry on the business. Up to
a comparatively recent period, letter founding in
all foundries was a slow process. By the use of a
small lever the matrix was raised to release the
cast letter, making the manufacture more rapid.
The difficulties experienced with large letters exer-
cised the ingenuity of several type-founders to
overcome them. David Bruce, of New York, in
1884, invented the hand pump, fixed in the inm trial
pot, whence the type casting machine was develo-
ped. The mouth of the mould was held under the
nozzle, with the left hand, the right jerking the
handle of the pump. Miller & Richard in 1848,
introduced into Britain, Bruce's type casting ma-
chine. In it the opening and closing of the mould,
the advancement of it to the nipple of the pump,
and the injection of the metal are done automati-
cally. It is now used in all the chief foundries and
is driven by steam power. In 1859 and 1862,
Johnson & Atkinson, patented improvements by
which the type is not only cast, but rubbed and
dressed, and rendered fit for printers immediate
use. The type metal described by Moxon, was an
alloy of lead and iron, with a small quantity of
antimony. Iron was afterwards discarded and the
two other metals alone made use of. In 1856, tin
began to be mixed with them, rendering the type
tougher and more durable. The type metal is a
secret of type-founding.
The process of stereotyping is a most important
discovery, for without it, the modern newspaper
could have had no existence, to whom the credit is
due, is difficult to say. Plates cast by Miiller in the
office of Lutchmann-, of Leyden, 1715, were exhi-
bited at the Caxton celebration. So far as Great
Britain is concerned, the invention is generally
credited to William Ged, a Goldsmith of Edin-
burgh, who first made a stereotype, 1735, with
which in 1744, he printed a school edition of Sal-
lust "non Typis mobilibus, ut vulgo fieri solet, sed
Tabellis sen Laminisfusis." The London Printers
did not patronize him, and from his death in 1749,
to 1 809, nothing further was heard of the stereotype,
when Dr. Tilloch, of Edinburgh, re-invented it, the
powerful influence of the Earl of Stanhope causing
it to come into general use. There are two methods
of casting stereo plates. The type surface, in the
old process, is carefully cleaned, slightly brushed
with a little oil, and plaster of Paris of the consist-
ency of thick cream poured on, which, when dry,
is a perfect mould, into which the molten metal is
poured, the forme is then cleaned, trimmed, and
mounted on wood, ready for the press. In the
new process introduced by Mr. Dellagana, from the
Continent, 'in 1856, a moistened sheet of paper
machO, made of layers of tissue and blotting paper
pasted together, is laid on the type surface, and
the mould obtained, by beating with a hard brush.
The mould is.dried in a hot chamber, and then
placed in a casting box, through an orifice of
which, the molten metal is poured. As many as
seventy plates have been taken from a mould of
this kind. Curved plates, adapted to rotary news-
paper machines, are obtained by using a curved
casting box. The rapidity of the paper process is
demonstrated by the fact, that a mould has been
taken from a page of "The Times" and a curved
plate cast, trimmed, and affixed to the printing
machine, in the astonishing small space of ten minu-
tes !! Owing to the stereo-metal not being hard the
fine lines of engravings could not be produced after
a few impressions. Casts of woodcuts are taken by
Electrotyping. A mould is taken in wax to which
is affixed a copper wire. The mould, when cold,
is brushed over with plumbago, and then placed in


a bath of sulphate of copper, the wire being con-
nected with the negative or zinc pole of an electric
battery. The galvanic action decomposes the
liquid in the bath and deposits a layer of copper
upon the mould. When this is thick enough, it is
removed and backed with stereo metal till the whole
is an eighth of an inch thick. The back is then
planed and the electrotype mounted on wood for
use. Electrotypes are curved for rotary machines.
Very excellent work is now produced by means of
photography, the photograph being transferred to
a plate of surface metal, afterwards subjected to
the action of strong acid, which eats away the un-
covered portions, leaving'the lines standing in relief.
The invention of Lithography proceeded from a
purely accidental discovery made by Alois Senefel-
der, of Prague, about the year 1796. The princi-
ples of Lithography rest upon several chemical
facts :
1st-Greasy substances adhere strongly to cal-
careous stone.
2nd-Greasy substances have an affinity for one
another and equally great antipathy to water.
3rd-Calcareous stone readily imbibes moisture.
The subject is drawn reversed on finely polished
limestone, in greasy ink. A solution of gum-arabic
brushed over the whole to prevent the lines from
spreading and to assist the blank part of the stone
in resisting the ink. This is washed off the stone
damped with a wet cloth and inked with a leather
roller for a proof. The stone is etched by being
washed over with weak nitric acid, then it under-
goes repeated processes of gumming and washing
and finally, to get rid of the writing ink, is rubbed
over with turpentine. To print from it, a wet
cloth is first passed over it, then it is inked with the
leather roller, the ink adhering only to the greasy
design. A sheet of paper is now laid on it, and
upon that a plate of zinc, over all the leather tym-
pan. The whole is now raised by a lever to the
level of the scraper placed across the press and is
passed under it by turning a handle. On the lever
power being removed, the stone bed is returned to
its proper position, the tympan raised and the


p inted sheet removed. 'i i, is repeated for each
impression. Cylinder machines were ... .... 1
11fro10m race 1 -, the damping and inking are
n.tcmalically performed. Intricate oil an:l water
colour paintings have been produced with a mar-
vellous ti i,,.: -.- Chromo-lithography will
doubtless be further ipijt... 1. T- i.ua:.-ving and
printing of copper plates are slow and expensive
processes. The invention of the art is generally
ascribed to Finiguerra and Baldini of Florence, but
some give the honour to Martin Schoengaur of
Antwerp.
While in every other particular great advances
have been made, the routine of the compositor re-
mains much the same as in the days of Guten-
berg. The first English patent for type setting
machines was granted in 1822 to William Church.
At the World's Fair 1851, a Dane named S6rensen,
exhibited an apparatus which has been adopted in
several Continental Printing Offices. One fault fa-
tal to it is the peculiar notching of the type-which
has also caused Alexander, Mackie's distributor to
be disused. Since 1865 Alexander Mackie has taken
out several patents. His composer, a wonderful
piece of mechanism, is in daily use in London. It
consists of two parts, a machine like a cottage piano
through which passes an endless strip of paper,
about 2 inches wide, which is perforated as the
operator depresses the keys, to spell out the copy
letter by letter, and, just as a chord ';is struck on
the piano a whole word can often be spelt at once.
This perforated card, playing the same part in the
composer as the card in the Jacquard loom, is coiled
on a round table with upright projections on its
edge, which are the type store houses and driven by
steam power, the types are extracted by delicate
pins and finally deposited in a long line. The jus-
tifying and distributing are performed by hand.
With this machine 15,000 types an hour can be set
up and one machine will do for any sized type from
pica to nonpareil.
In 1857 Mr. Robert Hattersley, of Manchester,
took out his first patent for composing and distri-
buting machines. In his composer the types are
ranged in shallow metal trays placed horizontally
at the top of the machine and divided off into nu-
merous rows by strips of brass. They are kept in
their places by elastic bands. In front of the ma-
chine are rows of labelled keys. With a depression
of a key a type is shot, by a small steel rod through
a grooved V-shaped guide plate, into a slide be-
neath. The matter may be set in long lines, but
usually it is set at once to the measure required, a
bell signalling. By a movement the line is pressed
into a composing stick, holding about 40 lines,
where it is at once justified. At the distributor
the brass partitioned galleys are placed side by side
upon a hinged inclined plane. The operator takes
a line of matter from the end of a galley and, with
the aid of a short plate and index bar, distributes
the type into the proper partitions.
In 1869, Charles Kastenbein, a Swiss, residing at
Brussels, patented a composer and a distributor,
which are in daily use at "The Times" office,
where they are worked at-he rate of a column and
a quarter of bourgeois type per hour. His com-
poser much resembles Hattersley's. The types are
kept in iron tubes placed vertically at the top of
the machine. The justifying is done by a separ-
ate operator aided by a simple apparatus attached
to the machine. In the distributor the matter is
placed at the top of the machine and each type
passes through an A-shaped conductor by means
of switches, when the operator depresses the key,
into the proper tube, which, when full, is trans-
ferred to the composer. These three principal ma-
chines, and some others, were exhibited at the Cax-
ton Celebration.
The primitive wooden wine press of the Rhine-
land, with its screw and movable bar, gave the first
idea of a printing press. The first improvement
was made by William Jansen Blaew, of Amster-
dam, a scientific man, by which the platen was
made more stable and the impression instantly re-
leased when the pressman let go the bar. Up to
the year 1800 presses were made almost entirely of
wood, which rendered them cumbrous and weak.
Four pages octavo was as large a forme as could be
printed at once. At the Caxton Celebration the
first iron press, constructed by Mr. Walker in 180
for Charles Mahon, third Earl Stanhope, was exhi-
bited. By the bent lever and the adjustment of
spiral springs and the firm iron frame, a platen
could be used of twice the ordinary size. Stanhope
thus gave a practical impetus to improvement in
presses. Printing machines are of three kinds,
platen, ordinary cylinder, and rotary. In the first
the type is on a flat bed, and receives the impres-
sion from a flat surface; in the second the bed is
flat, and is made to pass under a revolving cylin-
der, which gives the impression; in the third the
type is placed on the circumference of one cylinder
and is pressed by another. The principles of the
second and third were patented in 1790 by Mr.
William Nicholson. His specification is one of the
most remarkable ever filed, as it comprises almost
every principle that has as yet been successfully
adopted. The first actual printing machine was
made by Frederick Koenig, a Saxon, in London,
1810. Koenig's next machine had a travelling type
bed and a large impression cylinder, which made a
third of a revolution for each impression, remain-
ing still while the sheet was fed in. Two sheets of
Clarkson's "Life of Penn," the first part of a book
printed by a cylinder machine, were printed from
this Deer. 1812. John Walter, the proprietor of
"The Times," had a "two-feeder" machine con-
structed by K,:euig', with which "The Times" No-
vember 29th, I 14, was printed, 1100 impressions
an hour-driven by steam power. In 1816 this
machine was improved to print 2,000 impressions


per hour. Koenig patented a perfecting machine
for printing both sides of the paper. Cowper and
Applegath, in 1818, greatly simplified and im-
proved Koenig's machine, and in 1824 invented a
perfecting machine, in principle the same as those
now maf by Messrs. Middleton and Messrs. Dry-
den, so familiar in large printing offices. It was
Cowper who devised the simple and effective ink-
ing arrangements now used in all non-rotary cylin-
der machines. In 1827 Cowper and Applegath
made a machine for The Times" with four im-
pression cylinders, capable of producing 6,000 im-
pressions per hour. This machine was in constant
use till 1848, when AlJlegath devised another,
affixing the type to a rotary cylinder. In this
machine the type cylinder was made to revolve on
a vertical axis, and was surrounded with eight
impression cylinders, into each of which the sheets
were fed from horizontal feeding boards. It was
capable of making 12,000 impressions an hour.
The machine invented by R. M. Hoe, of New York,
1852, had the cylinders placed horizontally. It
was more compact and could be driven at a higher
speed. The flyer" in the Hoe press dispensed
with men taking off the sheet. The Hoe machines
were made with from two to ten cylinders, the lat-
ter making 20,000 impressions an hour. In 1868
the proprietors of the Echo" used M. Marinoni's
machine, which differed from all other previous
newspaper machines in that it perfected the sheet,
while they printed one side only. Six layers-on
could produce 10,000 PERFECT NEWSPAPERS per hour.
In 1868, the Times was first printed on the ma-
chine now in use called "The Walter Press," in-
vented by Macdonald the manager, and Calverley
the chief engineer of "The Times." A reel of
paper sometimes (5) five miles long is printed into a
perfect newspaper by one man and two boys, as
many as 12,000 perfect copies being produced in one
hour. In this web machine the paper first passes
over damping cylinders to wet it, and then between
two sets of stereotype plates and impression cylin-
ders which print the paper on both sides. On
emerging from these it is received by cutting cy-
linders, which almost sever one paper from another,


In its fir; t.,' ': .. between fast travelling tapes,
the web is -p 1-t.- .. into sheets, and these are by
means of a 'iC iK. .nd y. beatingbackwardsand
.i:. 1.. ultimately deposited on two delivery tab-
les. Bullock of Philadelphia independently adop-
ted the same web principle, and supplied a machine
to the Daily Telegraph. Hoe and Marinoni have like-
wise devised web machines. There are other presses
in use involving the same principles. Bryan Don-
kin, who with Bacon in 1813 invented the polygo-
nal printing machine, was the first to cast ink rol-
lers in a composition of glue and treacle superse-
ding the old ink pads. These rollers are a vital
part of the printing machines we have just noticed,
Cowper and Robert Harrild establishing their use.
For accurate and substantial book work, other
machines than those used for newspapers are em-
ployed. Of book machines we have first the "per-
fecting" machine (printing the sheet on both sides)
which generally comprises two large cylinders such
as that invented by Cowper and Applegath in 1818-
24, secondly the large cylinder gripper machine in-
vented by Napier in 1824, and the small cylinder
gripper first made by Main in 1851, in very gene-
ral use, and thirdly the large platen machine, a de-
velopment of the hand press, now falling into dis-
use. Samuel Bremner in the "Belle Sauvage" in-
vented the first machine fitted with a stop motion"
for extra inking. This improved is called the
Bremner machine and with Dawson and Payne's
" Wharfedale" (stopping cylinder with new appli-
ances) enjoys a high reputation. In 1862 Conisbee
patented a two colour machine and, in conjunction
with Smale, later a rotary web machine capable of
printing in several colours. Newsum of Leeds has
quite recently invented a new rotary two colour
machine. For jobbing purpose the platen
treadle machine is used. Gordon of New York im-
proved on John Kitchen's Machine made in 1833,
in which the type was placed on a vertical bed.
The Minerva was introduced into England by Crop-
per of Nottingham 1867, since which time other
two American Presses-the Liberty and Universal
-have been brought into use. These presses are
taking the place of hand presses.
Imperfect as this compilation necessarily is, it
will nevertheless serve to convey a general idea of
the invention and progress of printittg, from the
earliest specimens of block printing, to that from
movables types, and the improvements which
books, types and presses have undergone up to the
present time. A calm survey of the progress made
reveals astonishing strides of improvement. There
can be no question of the material benefits which
have resulted to the whole human race from the
invention and improvement of the art of printing.
Our object has been to present a number of facts
in as interesting a shape as possible for the instruc-
tion of those whose time and opportunities do not
permit them to explore the mass of information
which we have gone through to produce this sum-
mary. We may look forward to the day when our
tedious process of hand writing by the pen may be
superseded by some system, that will table our
thoughts in ink as rapidly as they are evolved, that
will report a viva voce utterance without the pre-
sent laborious system of stenography. There is
really no limit to inventive genius.

As addenda to the summary of the Caxton
Celebration of 1877 and notices of the general pro-
gress of printing, our own experience in printing
may be acceptable to our readers. The Press used
in the first issue of this Gazette in 1828-was of
English manufacture-chiefly of wood, the platen
covering but one page at a time-two pulls being
required for each side-four-pulls to complete the
sheet. The form was placed on a stone, bedded
in saw dust or bran, to produce a spring. This
press was precisely sia4tlar to-the -one first eaed lin
the United States by Benjamin Franklin. We
were soon obliged to set aside this press and obtain
one of Smith's, an American invention, made of
iron, with a platen covering one side or two pages
of the then size of the Gazette, the leverage so sim-
ple and easy that it could be worked with half
the labour of its predecessor. Our third press was
a patent of Washington's," selected by us sim-
ply because it was larger, our former one be-
ginning to show infirmities from much heavy and
constant work. The Washington Press we have
still in use for job purposes. Finding the la-
bour of working this press too severe a tax
on our employees, and not expeditious enough, we
decided on getting a larger one with some of the
more modern appliances, and a friend in London
selected the machine, which we have now had in
operation for about 8 years. It is Conisbee's pa-
tent, very simple in its construction, with a flat bed
-the forme passes under a revolving cylinder
which gives the impression. There is but a single
covering of a thin blanket on the iron cylinder, and
the ink is taken, distributed and put on the type by
the same winch that moves the cylinder. It is
adapted to steam power, as well as hand, but as three
young persons can run off between 500 and 600
copies per hour, without the least fatigue, we do
not think it necessary to use the steam apparatus.
We can with this machine strike off 5 or 6 times as
many papers per hour as we could with our first
press, and with comparatively little labour.
Since our first issue of the Gazette we have ex-
tended its size on five several occasions, from its
original three column to its present one oi
five columns. Nothing but the costliness of a
still larger machine prevents our further extending
its dimensions, and thus saving us the expense and
labour of such frequent supplementary sheets.
Quite as great an advance has been made in the
means of inking the forme as in the construction oi
printing presses, within our own time. We
commenced with the use of balls for that purpose:


which were made of the raw sheep skin, the grain
so well broken that it resembled india rubber. They
were well stuffed with carefully combed wool and
fitted around a stock or handle. In working large
formes two were used, but with small former but
one. The ink was distributed over the surface of
these balls by working them against each other;
when used singly, however, they were dabbed
against the cheek of the press. This means of ink-
ing the forme was in use for very many years.
The first change was the adoption of rollers made
of glue and treacle, in an iron frame with a double
handle. This was a grand improvement, but, as the
rollers thus composed were affected by the atmos-
phere, they were consequently not reliable, and a
new composition has been recently patented in the
United States which we have been using for
some years with much satisfaction. It is however
a very costly article.

A BUTCHER'S BILL IN 1773.
E. C. D." sends the following extracts from a bill
for meat supplied to an ancestor more than a hundred
years ago :-" Mr. D--. His bill, 1773. July ye
10, for a neck of veal, wd. 7p. loz., 2s 5d ; July ye
17, for 2 legs of moten, wd. 16p., 5s. 4d.; July ye 30,
for a neck of lam, wd. 4p., Is. 6d. ; August ye 14, for
a rump of beef, wd. 22p., 7s. 4d.; August ye 25, for
a line of lam, wd. 4p., ls. 6d.; Sept. ye 2, for 27p. of
beef, 7s. 10-d.; Sept. ye 16, for 86p. of beef, 10s.
6d." Thus," adds the correspondent, we learn that
the price of the best joints averaged 4d. per lb. Even
with the aid of American beef we can never see these
prices again."

Notwithstanding that the British soldier will
hereafter wear a helmet much like that of the Prus-
sian army, the Highlanders will continue to wear
the bonnet,
Japan has twenty-five national banks, with $23,-
000,000 of dollars capital, all established within less
than two years, and all under Japanese managers.


DEATH IN THE ARENA.
Whoever has habitually attending circuses in
this country will remember the Conrad brothers,
acrobatic clowns, and their comical performance, in
which one .reeiRi-.l', to be dead, while the other
tumbled him about. They recently went to Ger-
many. The London Era contains the following:
" One evening the elder Conrad fell to the ground
after a pretended blow, and was turned and re-
turned as usual. His arms and legs were jerked,
he was stuck and kicked and dragged, but pre-
served a steady impassibility. Suddenly an ex.
pression of distress could be noticed through the
grotesquely painted lineaments of his brother, who
hastily dropped on his knees and placed his hand
upon the heart of the inanimated clown, exclaim-
ing, 'IMy poor brother is dead !" At this the au-
dience only laughed. Gentlemen,' said the dis-
tressed man with tears in his voice, 'I assure you
that he is dead.' Then, taking him tenderly in
his arms, he bore him from the arena. The crowd
appeared struck with the natural manner, in which
the bereft clown expressed grief, and applauded
him vigorously as he departed, There were loud
encores for both, but neither presented himself.
Death had been more thoroughly simulated than
ever before."

REVENUE RECEIPTs.-From April 1st to the 5th
inst. the Exchequer receipts amounted to 54,731,-
307, as compared with 54,810,026 in the corres-
ponding period of the previous twelve months. The
expenditure has been 61,534,272. On the 5thinst.
the balance in the Bank of England was nearly
900,000.-News of the World, January 13.

3Ri rit.S ex "1 Suleib-,C9

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Supplement to the Bermuda Royal Gazette, Hamilton, Tuesday, February 26, 1878.


ENGLAND.
(From our London Corre.pondent.)
LoxSoN, 25th January, 1878.
Since writing my last the political situation with
respect to the war, would appear to be approaching
a crisis, but later facts and inferences tend in no
way to alter my opinion that a more decisive atti-
tude on the part of England, immediately after the
accomplishment of the London protocol, would have
had the effect not only of restraining Russian am-
bition in a material measure, but also have saved
the country much of the anxiety already past, and
much more now looming gradually into view.
As it now is, however, the end'so long expected
by many, dreaded by some, and unreflectingly
staved off by others. has arrived; and we find our-
selves face to face ith the prospect of the Grand-
Ducal army attempting a coup-de-main at any mo-
ment-indeed it is already more than threatened-
on the British interests of the Straits by establish-
ing itself in the lines of Gallipoli, at present unde-
fended, and on the purely European interest con-
nected with the po:,session of Constantinople, into
which it also inclines to penetrate.
And amid all this, we are almost paralysed by the
desire to know the Russian terms for concluding an
armistice, already promised on the basis of a peace,
but which is effectually concealed from vs, if indeed
it is known to any other of the great powers or
even Turkey herself. The question is-does Rus-
sian diplomacy expect to score another triumph at
the expense of her Czar's veracity, and. of our own7
confiding simplicity-? I believe Englishmen trust
in Her Majesty's advisers not to permit the latter,
at any price; and it behoves the nation to render
our extremely practical government that earnest
and hearty support which should have been unani-
mously accorded the Earl of Beaconsfield's policy as
shadowed forth in his memorable speech on the oc-
casion of the Lord Mayor's Banquet in the Guild-
hall, and when Russian ambition had to feel its
way very carefully indeed. Thanks to Mr. Glad-
stone's fanatical utterances, however, their path to
conquest was soon opened up before them to a cer-
tain limit. Russia is feeling again, and we doubt-
ingly ask ourselves-will she succeed ?
The state of public feeling all over the country
has been sustained at high pressure ever since, but
it remained for the severe reverses the Turkish
arms have invariably met with ever since the heroic
defence at Plevna succombed,'to bring to the sur-
face our genuine feeling; and I think it would not
be too much to say that the greatest Russian vic-
tory of the day has met with but a scant modicum
of satisfaction or exultation in the inner con-
sciousness of the most pretentious Russophiles of
Great Britain.
The cause is not far to seek, for granting the
Pan-Slavic crusade, as originally set forth by the
Czar to be worthy the sympathy of United Chris-
tendom, which in a measure it received, but few
indeed can look back on the dread results-and the
end is not yet-and congratulate themselves that
the cause of christianity has not heavily suffered,
through the fiendish excesses and brutal inhuman-
ity noised abroad against these would-be cham-
pions of her rightful inheritance; that the worst
passions likely to agitate men's minds have not
been called forth by the systematic deception and
double-dealing of the Russian diplomatists in the
first instance, and latterly by that of the Russian
Commanders in the field ever since our Cabinet in-
terceded in behalf of an extension of peace and its
mournful relaxation to the miserable, hounded-
down subjects of the Porte; or that religious ad-
vancement will nof be stayed and protracted for a
century at 'least 1n a land so deluged with blood
and fruitful unhappiness as that over which march-
ed the fanatical Cossack and Bulgarian or over
which the maddened and equally fanatical Bashi.
Bazouk, Circassian, and Mahommedan receded in
terror or despair.
Leaving our multitudinous interests in this ques-
tion on one side for the nonce, I think common hu-
manity will make it plain to us that as a civilised
nation we have much to deplore in that it was per-
mitted such political agitators as claim Mr. Glad-
stone for Chief to neutralize up to this late period
the duties evidently incumbent en us in common
with all others, to prevent or arrest such a huge
S military aggression -with its attendant horrorsunder
the guise of religious sympathy, as that now ra-
ging, is at last well known to be.
In reading the account of the debate on the
Queen's Speech at the opening of Parliament-
which I daresay is already in possession of your
readers--one cannot avoid being struck at the
marked ingenuity by which our leading statesmen
wished to direct as well as unite public opinion to
the support of national prosperity, vigorous aspira-
tions, and the Englishman's proverbial love of fair
play. This in reality is "the war policy," being
opposed at all points to Russian pretensions; but
as the national will had been strangled in its in-
fancy by the excited utterances in condemnation of
manufacturede) Bulgarian atrocities and Turkish
misrule, the speeches in defence of our self-imposed
*disjointed policy were characterized throughout by
the evidences of wisdom and life, and also an insi-
duous attempt to resusciate a manly policy and
thereby shake off that sense of debasement which
was known to be rapidly dragging England's
honor, England's pride, and British interests in the
mire, where Russian hopes fain would keep them.
SJ.S. H.
LONDON, 26th January, 1878.
After the preparation of the mind by the Queen's
Speech, and the exulting expressions of the Rus-
sian press at the success of their Chancellor's con-
cealment of the terms of peace from the British


Cabinet, it must surely have surprised no one that
our view of the situation, considering the impend-
ing advance on Gallipoli and Constantinople, im.
posed upon us the duty of at once protecting,' so
far as despatching our fleet to the threatened point
would protect, British interests; and yet a section
of our countrymen professed alarm and dismay;
but the most serious blow was dealt our foreign
policy by the unaccountable resignation of Earl
Carnarvon, which was accepted, and of Earl Derby,
who only withdrew his after the advance of our
fleet had been countermanded, on the peaceful re-
presentations of Count Schouvaloff, the Russian
Ambassador. The announcement of the Chancel-
lor of the Exchequer to ask for a vote of credit on
Monday next was also repugnant to Earl Carnar-
vons nice sense of what our dignity demanded of
us; and although I have carefully perused his ex-
planatory utterances, I fail to see any good grounds
for his course of action. He may be able to ap-
pease his conscience, but his vindgtion before all
right thinking men has failed as yet to appear on
the surface. A peep at the archives of the Rus-
sian foreign office Bureau, if such a thing was pos-
sible, might convince him of his error. At all
events our roused attitude has obtained for us a
fragmentary knowledge of what the Russian terms
are likely to be, and although they are not altogeth-
er consistent with the declarations of war original.
ly defined by the Devine Figure of the North, yet
they are not so extravagant as to be in admissible
in view of final approval by a conference of the
Great Powers hereafter. British interests are in-
volved, however, and if we would wish our voice to
berespected at the Great Council, we must be pre.
pared to follow up our views to the bitter end, if
necgsary; and to be able to do so with effect, we
must put our house in order. Six millions will pre-
pare us for the post of critical observation, and en.
courage our natural allies in Eastern politics, such
as Austria, tgWsert themselves. If, after all, more
millions are necessary to enable us to meet effectu-
ally the present mobilised forces of Russia, and
those she is now secretly trying to bring to the
front, viz,., those of the Reserve over forty years of


age, our coffers are not expected to run out very
soon. For my part I really believe our isolation is
not so much a matter of course as would appear,
and alliances may secretly exist. J. S. H.
Lonow, 29th January, 1878.
Yesterday in the House of Commons Sir Stafford
Northcote, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, brought
forward' his demand for a Vote of Credit for six
millions sterling, and in so doing fully exposed the
frivolous, heartless and insulting conduct of those
who control the course of events on behalf of Rus-
sia.1g In a speech of remarkable power and brilli-
ancy he asserted the justice of every act of the Ca-'
binet to which he belongs, vigorously denounced the
"peace at any price" party manoeuvres, and wound
up his peroration by calling on the House irrespec-
tive of party, to so strengthen the hands of Her
Majesty's Ministers by this grant, which would be
accepted before the world as a Xote of confidence,
that their remonstrances or propositions might be
understood hereafter, once and for all, as the defin-
ite voice of a strong united people. The applause
which greeted his statements and opinions came
with a will from Conservative as well as Liberal
benches, and although the debate stands adjourned
till Friday next, at the request of the leaders of the
opposition, no doubt is entertained that the vote
will be passed by an overwhelming majority. As ex-
plained the amount now asked for may never be drawn
upon, but yet it will be a solid earnest of the desire
on our part to curb over-reaching ambition at all
costs and hazards.
If crying and protesting is any sign of weakness
brought home, we need not try to hide that the ef-
forts of the Gladstonites are fully substantiated in
this direction, for the most frantic appeals are hour-
ly made by them, meetings are convened, spouted
at, and an immensity of twaddle got through by
each and every one, which is reported in full to their
particular journals, and made the most of. No ac-
tion of this kind is indulged in by the Government
supporters, except in isolated cases, for conscious in
their own strength, in the wisdom of Her Majesty's
Ministers, and full of the belief that British inter-
ests will in the end receive due protection, they re-
serve their expressions of opinion until the suicidal
policy of Russia is more fully developed, when the
hour will have struck to show a good front. The
debate to be reopened on Friday, if opposed on any
grounds by a majority of the Liberal party is ex-
pected to extend over four sittings of the House at
least. In the meantime Russia is still advancing
on Gallipoli and Constantinople, and events may be
precipitated. It is a very exciting time, and no
one can look to far ahead or prophecy what a day
may bring forth.
The various Dockyards are exerting themselves
to render the Navy as efficient as possible ; but
the Royal Arsenal cannot boast of extraordinary
labor or effort as yet; but in view of the expected
Vote of Credit, the Ordnance Store Department has
been authorised to engage forty laborers, and the
Companies of A. S. Corps attached are to be
strengthened at once to the extent of sixty more
privates. This want has been felt for some time,
and the proposal of the Head of the Department,
I understand, was an augmentation of the Army
Service Corps by 99 men, to attain a total estab-
lishment of 600; but for some reason-perhaps be-
cause civilian laborers are cheaper than soldiers-
the proposal was modified as above.
The war at the Cape is expected to afford a pretty
good average of mortality on some side or other,
and the regular troops have been increased out
there to a considerable extent. If the colonists are
unable to protect their own boundaries, the amount
of assistance to be expected from that quarter in
the event of an embroilment in the Turko-Russian
war will be small indeed.
Other subjects there are, which I could dilate on
but as I think I have said enoughfor the present, and
as I have exhausted the subject of most interest to
your readers, I think I am justified in coming to a
close thus-(for the military only) it has been ac-
corded space in the London Standard" lately, that
a new grade was about to be created in the Army
at an early date ; that it was to take the form of a
Warrant rank; and that the scheme was to be tried
in the Army Service Corps by the promotion of the
1st Class Staff Sergeants to the new rank, thereby
bringing forward the 2nd Class to the highest rank
amongst N. C. Officers. A few days after this ap-
peared it was asserted that a number of the senior
N. C. Officers of the Royal Engineers were also to
be brought forward for similar rank in the Depart-
ments; and now rumor has it that the distinction
is to be distributed more generally than that even.
At any rate, this ought surely to enhance the popu-
larity of the Service. J. S. H.

MR. FORSTER, M.P., ON DISESTABLISH-
MENT.
Mr. W. E. Forster, speaking at Bradford on Sa-
turday last, referred to the question of disestablish-.
ment as follows:-I t is a question, not of putting
up a Church, but of pulling a Church down-(cries
of "no equality" and "a Church is a religious
body.") I meant the State Church. I don't mean
the religious body of the Cburchb-I think my
friend will agree with me thus far-I say few per-
sons could think of establishing a State Church in
England, if it did not already exist, and I, at any
rate, am not one of those few. It is a question,
not of establishment, but of disestablishment. If I
was one of those who held the belief-and I know
there are many here who do hold the belief that
any connection of the nation with religion must do
harm to the cause of religion-that any State Church
is in itself an evil, and that therefore any attempt
to uphold it is an attempt to maintain a national
evil, if not a national sin, then my course would be
very clear. I should say care nothing for difficul-


ties or consequences. Try your best to abolish this
evil, and let consequences caie for themselves. I
was brought up amongst those who do hold it, and
who have developed the conviction upon which it
was founded to an extent which goes much further
than the abolition of State churches. But I don't
myself hold it, although I do think that I can un-
derstand, and in a measure sympathize with, the
feelings of those who do hold it, and at any rate
appreciate their earnestness. But I am obliged to
take up this question of a State Church as it
stands, and to ask myself whether its abolition or
the attempt to abolish it would do more harm than
good, or more good than harm. I cannot disregard
difficulties, and I am bound to consider consequen.
ces. Now, I don't intend to dwell upon the diffi.
culties. I believe some of you understand them-
(bear, hear). There are not a few who believe
there ought to a national recognition of religion
quite as strongly as some of you believe there ought
not; but whether or not there ought to be such a
recognition, there can be no doubt that that recog-
nition has existed ever since England has been a
nation, and the State Church will not be disestab-
lished without such a convulsion of the State as we
have not seen in our time.

PARLIAMENT AND PROHIBITION-LORD
DUFFERIN'S RETURN.
OTTAWA, Feby. 17.-It is asserted on authority
of the members supposed to be in the confidence
tof the Government that no temperence bill will be
introduced, but that the Government will ask au-
thority to apply to the Imperial Parliament for an.
amendment to the British North American Act,
defining the powers of Parliament and Local legis-
lation respecting prohition, giving the Legislatures
the power to prohibit and regulate the sale of
liquors.
Lord Dufferin was welcomed home at the Occi-
dental Railway station, Hull, on Saturday evening,
by a band of music and addresses from the cor-
poration and the St. Jean Baptiste Society.


The English Mail of the 7th Feby.

The R. M. Steamer Beta, Captain Shaw, with the
English Mail of 7th inst., arrived at St. Georges,
on Saturday last. She left Halifax on the after-
noon of the 9tb inst.,
We have to thank Captain Shaw, J. D. Dickin-
son, Esqr., and other friends, for Halifax papers of
the 19th instant.
ACCIDENT TO THE MAIL STEAMER HIBERNIAN.-
The steamer .eu'field from France, where she had
gone for the purpose of conveying the Canadian
Goods to the Paris Exposition, arrived at Halifax,
on evening of the 17th instant, with the mails
and 14 of the cabin passengers from the Allan
Steamer Hibernian, which she fell in with on the
evening of the 12th February, in lat. 46-18, long.
45-05, having broken her shaft 4 days previously.
Captain Archer bad made up his mind to return to
Queenstown, and had in fact run 210 miles toward
that port when he was met by the Neirfieldi.
LONDON, Feb. 15.-In consequence of the govern-
ment orders for cast steel tubes for large ordnance,
the works at Sheffield resumed working on full time
with an increased number of hands. The Govern-
ment also ordered to lay a large number of rifle
barrels at Sheffield. Some forges in Woolwich ar-
senal are going day and night.
LONDON, Feby. 16.-The object of the working
men's meeting, which will be held on the 25th, at
which Mr. Gladstone is expected to speak, is to
hold the Government to the policy of neutrality and
to secure the thorough independence of the pro-
vinces which have been freed from Turkish op-
pression. Sir Wilfred Lawson, John Bright, Jas.
Stansfield, Anthony J. Mundella, and o'her mem-
bers of Parliament, are expected to participate in
the workmen's mass meeting, with the same object,
also called for the 24tb, in Hyde Park.
The English Cabinet has been in session all day
considering the Eastern situation.
The news of the passage of the silver bill in the
United States Senate reached here too late to-day
to show what effect it would have on business.'
The English war ship Raleigh is ashore on Rab-
bit Island, in the Dardanelles, but uninjured.
The report of the wreck of the Italian frigate
Terrible near Salonica is untrue.
A London special to the Times from Berlin says,
"not only is it unlikely that Germany will under-
take the part of arbiter by declaring against any
power attempting to interfere with Russia, but the
indications are that the Russian action is regarded
here as at variance with the understood programme,
namely, the liberation of christians and nothing
more."
Interpellation on the Eastern question comes on
in the Reichstag on Tuesday.
Mr. Layard bad a long audience with the Sultan
to-night to explain England's policy.
The Athens official Gazette announces that a
strong body of insurgents are besieging places in
Thessaly. A body of Turkish reinforcements from
Armigos was repulsed.
Seven hundred Greek volunteers crossed the
frontier yesterday and a considerable number left
the Piraes last evening for Lamia.
LONDON, Feby. 16.-It is announced the Rus-
sians will not occupy Constantinople.
VIENNA, Feby. 16.-According to intelligence
from a trustworthy source a Congress, not a Con-
ference, is certain. It will probably be held at
Baden-Baden, which place Austria has proposed.
It is stated that Namyk Pacha, who has gone to
Russian headquarters, charged to dissuade Grand
Duke Nicholas from occupying Constantinople, is
also instructed to endeavour to induce the Russian
plenipotentiares to reduce certain fresh peace con-
ditions of a very onerous character demanded by
Russia.
ST. PETERSBURG, Feby. 17.-L'Agence Russe says
orders have been sent to the Russian headquarters
not to occupy Gallipoli.
LONDON, Feby. 17.-A despatch to the Manches-
ter Guardian from Pera, dated Friday, says the
Turkish squadron arrived to-day, bringing stores
and torpedoes from Sullna which has been evacu-
ated.
A despatch from Constantinople says the British
fleet have withdrawn to Mudania Bay, 40 miles
south of Constantinople. This movement is attri-
buted to a desire on the part of England to facili-
tate negotiations to prevent the entry of the Rus-
sians.
Instructions to Namyk Pasha have been received
and he has not gone to Adrianople.
Negotiations for a Congress at Baden-Baden
have been concluded. All the Powers, including
Prussia, have assented.
The Czar and Sultan are actively exchanging
personal friendly despatches. It is expected that
peace will be signed by the time the Congress
meets, namely, in two or three weeks.
A Vienna telegram says notwithstanding the
prospect of a Congress the situation is still consid-
ered grave.
It is rumored that England has made overtures
for an understanding and arrangements with Aus-
tria.
LONDON, Feby. 17.-A Paris correspondent tele-
graphs that intelligence has been received here that
Bismarck on Tuesday will be able to announce that
owing to the Emperor William's friendly interven-
tion, Russia has resolved to maintain an attitude
which cannot imperil the peaceful solution of ex-
isting difficulties.
According to latest information England and
Russia will maintain their respective military and
naval positions during the session of Congress.
No other power is to enter the Dardanelles lest it


should increase the complications.
ST. PETERSBURG, Feby. 17.-The Agence Rus-
se" while admitting that the principle of a Euro-
pean meeting has been agreed to, denies that de-
tails as to the form and place are settled.
In consequence of the withdrawal of the British
fleet to Mudania, the Russians will not occupy the
suburbs of Constantinople.
Advices from Adrianople state that it is believed
the peace negotiations will be completed on Wed-
nesday, when the Russians will withdraw from
Roumelia, unless England makes some new move.

The Very Latest.
GREAT BRITAIN.-LoNDON, Feby. 18.-The
News" telegram from Aldershot says the Officers
here have been semi-officially notified that a second
army corps will be mobilized. .*,,
In the Lords to-night Stratheden Campbell will
move that in the opinion of this House the terms
of armistice between Russia and'tbe Porte are such
as to justify the British Government in taking
every precaution to discourage encroachment, by
which the treaties of 1856 and 1871 are unfortun-
ately threatened.
In the House of Lords this afternoon, Earl Derby
read a telegram from Layard, Ambassador at Con-
stantinople, denying for himself and Server Pasha,
the statement made some days ago by the Daily
News'" Adrianople correspondent, that Server
Pasha declared Turkey had been misled and en-
couraged to fight by promise of English support,
particularly by Lord Beaconsfield and Layard.
Earl Derby appealed to Lord Stratheden not to
bring in his motion that the terms of the armistice
justified the Government in taking every precaution
to discourage encroachments, by whibh the treaties
of 1856 and 1871 are unfortunately threatened.
Lord Derby said that he could not discuss the ar-
mistice.


In reply to a question of Lord Granville, Derby
said -that Admiral Hornby moved'the fleet to Mon-
donia Bay on account of better anchorage there and
better telegraphic communication with Constanti-
nople, and that there were no further advices re-
garding Russian advance on Constantinople. In-
formation has been received regarding a possible
advance on Gallipoli; but the Government had not
bad time to consider it. Lord Derby also stated that
movement of the fleet to Mondonia Bay was not
due to any negotiations, and that no progress was
made in matter of assembling conference.
A despatch to "Times" from St. Petersburg,
February 17th, says that there is the greatest dis-
appointment there because people expected moral
support of Germany whereas now they hear Em-
peror of Germany, in his speech from throne, refer-
ring to programme of Constantinople conference as
a basis of settlement.
The "Times" Paris despatch says:-" Russia
eagerly accepted Prince Bismarck's friendly offices,
and took an attitude which would facilitate an early
meeting of conference.
MANCHESTER, Feby. 18.-The Guardian's" Lon-
don correspondent says: Few Englishmen will
care to trust the delicate proceeding of Congress to
Lord Derby's hands. It is far more probable that
Lord Salisbury, Secretary for India, or Lord Lyons,
Ambassador at Paris, will represent England."
RoME, Feby. 18.-All the Cardinals have arrived
except Dr. Frealle, St. Marc and Apusesueo, who
are not coming, and Cardinal McCloskey, who is
expected.
Cardinals Dr. Pietro du Luce and Panebianco
are probable candidates for election by Italians.
Cardinals Parrochi and .Morretti are favored by the
foreign Cardinals, while Cardinals Pecci and Di
Canossa are supported in various quarters.

BERMUDA HUNT,
DEAR Mn. EDITOn,-In the absence of my Tally
ho! who is at New York getting a suitable mount
for the Special Sporting Correspondent of the Royal
Gazette, you have requested me to continue the ac-
count of the doings of the Hunt. "Tenues cona-
mur grandia," how can weak woman adequately
portray the doings of the stronger "sect." How-
ever I have gone through a course of Belle's Life
and Mr. Sponge, and attempted to acquire the cor-
rect phraseology, if I fail "pray excuse me," as I
say to Sub.-Lieut. Staggering Bob when he asks
for the next round dance; besides what I see from
my wagon on the road is the ridiculous not the sub-
lime part of paper-chasing, there I encounter the
gentleman who has been thrown out and the lady
whorhas lost her chignon. I went to H. P. Church
as the signpost hath it (a half-pay" Church, what
can that mean, I thought the establishment was
splendidly endowed in this colony ?) As the meet
took place in a young tornado of wind and rain,
and the riders from the start to the finish were lost
to sight in sage and cedar scrub, I am unable
to convey any notion of what occurred except at
the finish, were there was a most hospitable enter-
tainment, and I was very well looked after by a
charming young Officer, and consequently enjoyed
myself immensely. I don't know which was the
best, the fiz," he called it, or the sweet smile with
which he gave it me, I shall always think of my
smiler."
8th Feby.-The Devil's Hole. Absit omen" as
the schoolmaster remarked; we drove up Knapton
Hill where they commenced, it seemed to be a cap-
ital run, though the St. George's party were late
and the "Flying Doctor" had to use his spurs to
make up for lost time. I saw them come stream-
ing over the grass on the slopes of the North Shore
hills and the finish at Government House, where
they all took the fences together, was a sight to be
remembered, and we lookers on were worth looking
at too for there was 'a large gathering and some of
the toillettes were most elegant, especially one that
wentsaway early in the direction of Ireland Island.
14th (Valentine's Day.)-Mr. T. being away I re-
ceived some sweet ones, and at the meet I found out
who some of them were from; its a pity I married
so young, not that that is an insuperable obstacle
to a little romance, at least so I hear; well, even
from a carriage I could see lots of the going, a
brown horse carrying a stalwart Briton, who is a
Life-Guardsman spoilt, went in great form; an Ex-
R. H. A. on a Bay and the Staff were well to the
front; the men of science too showed a practical ac-
quaintance with stone walls; the pace was killing
as far as Whale Bay Battery. I quite lost my heart
to a dear little curly moustachiosed rider who was
chestnut from the top of his head to the heels of his
prettylittle mare, and went like a red bird. The finish
at Warwick was capitally arranged and'the fences
well made and ably negotiated. What adeal of trou-
ble they took there for our amusement. But I think
that the run par excellence was that of the 19th,
when there was a good meet at the Club, in spite
of the stormy winds, from all parts of the Islands; the
course was a good one through Fairyland, and one
Fairy on a hogmaned horse distinguished herself
right well, they tell me, by her skilful horsemanship.
Who can say that Bermuda is a dull place ? Why
bless me I've been dancing about 3 days a week and
if the Satellite hadn't come in just in the nick of time
I shouldn't have had a rag to my back or a sole to
call my own (this is figurative of course.) Any-
how my new boots had their work cut out at the
P. M. O's, where the floor was perfect and the host
and hostesses, kindness itself, and the joyous band
of terpsichoreans spun round with an enthusiasm
and spirit that I have never seen equalled else-
where. Such a reception was doubly grateful to
the riders who had I hear a good share of Topsy-
Turveydom.
MADAME TALLY-HO


THE NEW CORPORATION.
Now that these gentlemen are comfortably ensconsed
in their seats ready for action, I would tale the liberty
of suggesting to them the wisdom and propriety of
improving the Eastern extremity of the town as soon
as they may be in funds to do so. Since the comple-
tion of that beautiful piece of road North of Fort
Hamilton (continuation of the Prospect road), and for
which the House of Assembly and the philanthropy of
an individual, deserve the thanks of the travelling com-
munity, it has attracted all of the travel in that region,
and the Military road over Fort Hamilton is virtually a-
bandoned by vehicles ; thus Victoria Street," the most
Eastern, or first street, in the Town, is hard worked.
The travel of vehicles through it is very heavy, and
being comparatively narrow at present, it ought-to be
widened to its full width to add to safety, as well as to
comfort and beauty, and in honor of its name, which
might then with pride be altered to Victoria Avenue,"
and be ornamented with a row of Cedars or Pride-of-
Indias on either side for shade. The whole would not
involve much expense, and would add considerably to
the value of the Corporation Lots in that neighborhood,
which should be advanced in price accordingly. The
principal relief to Victoria Street is the turn-off into
Dundonald Street, and the late Corporation deserves
much credit for the improvement of that by abandoning
the rink that was there for so many years, and convert-
ing it into a pleasant drive. Still there is room for a
little more improvement in that direction, by relieving
the bend opposite Mr. Thomas's cottage (that is going
'on gradually), and when the grade shall have attained its
zenith it will be a favorite drive. The hill nearly op.
posite the B. M. E. Church needs to be reduced a few
feet, and then with a row of Pride-of-Indias on either
side will form a beautiful approach to the Park through
a fine avenue, all of which need not be at any great
cost. To cap the climax, there should be a lamp on a
high pedestal in Victoria Street, opposite the Prospect
road that will afford sufficient light to it, as well as the
Prospect road, and Dundonald Street, all which would
be of great comfort in travelling to and from Prospect
on dark nights. Will the Corporation think of these
suggestions, for the public benefit and oblige
MANY FRIENDSIP


JOHN BRINSW ATi & SONS'
'a GOLD MEDAL

PIANOFORTES
WBRE AWARDED
THE GRAND MEDAL or HONOUR AnD DIPLOMA
OF MERIT, Philadelphia, 1876.
THE GOLD MEDAL. Paris, 1870.
THE HIGHEST AWARD, THa GRAND DIPLOMA
oF HONOUR, Paris, 1874.
THE MEDAL OF HONOUR, Paris, 1867.
THE PRIZE MEDAL, London, 1862.
THE DIPLOMA OF EXTRAORDINARY MERIT,
Netherlands International Exhibitinn, 1869. etc.
TOHN BRINSMEAD and SONS'
0 PATENT
PERFECT CHECK REPEATER ACTION PIANOS.
Patented IS62, 868, 1S71, and 1l75, in
GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRIA,
PRUSSIA,I ITALY,
FRANCE, IBELGIUM.
ANO AMERICA.
ILBERT I. BAU HER'S Prize Medal,
Drawing- Room ORGANS.
Frnm Sluins. to 3o0 guins.
On the Three years System.
TOHN BRINSM EAD and SON'.I


Sd .


SIR JULES BENEDICT.


STOHN


BRIN


SYDNEY SMITH.


JOHN


BRIN


BRINLBY RICHARDS.


GOLD MEDAL PIANOS,
with the Patent Perfect Check
Repeater Action.
"I have examined Messrs.
BRINSMEAD & SONS' New
Check Action as applied to
their Pianos, and consider
it a most ingenious and val-
uable invention, which can-
not fail tomneetwith success."
SMEAD and SONS'
GOLD MEDAL PIANOS
with the Patent Perfect Check
Repeater Action.
On the Three Years System.
I have much pleasure in
testifying to the great excel-
lence of Messrs. JOHr
Brvi.-IMEAD & SoNS'Phtno-
fortes. Their"Perfect Check
Repeater" produce a touch
that is absolute perfee'tio,
and which is unsurpassed by
any other maker, native or
f.-or'-ien."
SM EAD and SONS'
GOLD MEDAL PIANOS,
with the Patent Peit ect Check
Repeater Action.
on the Three Years System.
I have much pleasure in
tes3ti:'.i!g to the efficiency of
Melesr'. BmNssMEA',& Sons'
New Patent Check-Action
(fr Pianofrrtesi. which I
consider a very Clever and
,e'i.l inventtion, and likely
to be extensively adopted.


lOHN BRINSMEAD and SONS'
SHORT IRON GRAND PIANOS,
With the Patent Perfect Ch.-ck Repeater Action.
"Where all the pianos go to seems somewhat of a
mystery. fbr a really gooi instrument will last a .itetime;
a,:d yet every year thousands are made by each of the great
London Manufacturers, while the numbers made by the
two hundred or more smaller firms must represent an enor-
mous number in the courseof eachyear. The improvements
:ii.le in English ,ianos have caused this trade rapidly to
increase, until ono pianoforte manufactory after another
ha-i been built to supply the ., iwi- g demand. One of the
;argrst of the..e, lately erected by Messrs. JOHN BRINSMEAD
A Soxs, of V.igmore-street. covers nearly an acre of
;round in the Gratton-road, Kentish-town, and is intended
.o accommodate 300 workmen. These works alone can
iUpply 3,000 pianos annually, and there are at least three
nanufactories in London capable of making an equal
iumber."-Illustrated London News.
OH IN IBRINSM EAD and SONS'
I GOLD MEDAL PIANOS,
With the Patent Perfect Check Repeater Action.
From FREDERICK CHATTERTON, Esq.
Harpist to the Queen.
I have great pleasure in certifying to the fine, rich, and
.,werfultone of Messrs. JOHN BRINSMEAD & SONS', Pianos,
iso to the great improvements they have succeeded in
attaining ;
As a Professor of the Harp, I can safely add that the
yelloww tones of their short iron Gold Medal Grands blend
)armingly with the Instrument I profess, and form a
delicious ensemble.

OHN BRINSMEAD and SONS'
GOLD MEDAL PIANOS, 0
With the Patent Perfect Check Action Repeater.
From Professor W. KUHE.
It gives me the greatest pleasure to state that I con-
sider the the instrument manufactured by you to be most
excellent in tone, touch, and quality of mniterial. I
particularly admire your Pianos with the Patent Check
Repeater Action and new. Grand Construction, being a
wonderful improvement upon the old system ; in my
opinidan your firm having been successful in creatingg as
good a touch to the Cottage Pianoforte as that usually
accorded to the Grand. All those I have chosen have
given the greatest satisfaction to thL purchasers.
OHN BRINSMEAD and SONS'
GOLD MEDAL PIANOS,
With the Patent Perfect Check Repeater Action.
From Professor HERMANM PAPENDIECK.
I have great pleasure in tetif' ing to the excellence of
your instruments. Your nec'ly patented system "the
P-'rfect Ch-_k Repeater Action," when applied to these
Pi.noi, greatly increases their value, and I have no doubt s
thit these valuable improvements will excite general
ittenti n a d admiration."
tIOHN BRINSMEAD and SONS'
GOLD MEDAL PIANOS,
With the Patent Perfect Check Repeater Aetion.
From Mr. BOYTON SMITH.
I have much pleasure in bearing testimony to the
ner"ection of Messrs J. BRINSMEAD & SONS' New Piano-
iorte Action, which, for promptness in repetition, and
general excellence ia touch, 3urpais anything of the kind I
have yet seen, whilst the extreme simplicity of the mechan-
*.sm by which such important results are attained is an
id ditional recommendation."
OHN BRINSMEAD and SONS'
GOLD MEDAL PIANOS,
With the Patent Perfect Check Repeater Action.
Prom FREDERICK GUILLAUME, Chevelier de Liguro,
-.'raininer-General of the Ancient Bourbsnnic Society in the
Royal Academny of Fine Arts at Naples, Honorary
.Mi.-mber of M musical Academies at Rome, Venice,& .c.,
jor-n.lalh Director-General of anl Military Music
for both Infantry and Cavalry of the L'in in
the Army of the Two Sicilies.
I have much pleasure in testifying to the excellence of
your upright and horizontal Grand Pianofortes, as they are
simply perfect in touch and tone."
jOHN BRINSMEAD and SONS'
4j GOLD MEDAL PIANOS.
13-r r-


TH STANDARD,"


witimnetP atent rePrect necx
Repeater Action.
On the Three Years' System.
4" Receive the greatest appro-
bation everywhere of musi-t.
cians and manufacturers."


OHN BRINSMEAD and SONS'
PATENT "PERFECT
CHECK REPEATER
ACTION" Pianofortes of
every description, manufac-
tured expressly for India and
extreme climates.
OHN BRINSMEAD and SONS'
GOLD MEDAL PIANOS
With the Patent Perfect Check Repeater Action.
May be obtained of all the principal music sellers.
JOHN BRINSMEAD and SONS
GOLD MEDAL PIANOS.
With the Patent Perfect Cheque Repeater Action,
From 33guins. to 500ooguinms.

JOHN BRINSMEAD AND SONS'

PIANOFORTES,
GUARANTEED FOR FIVE YEARS.
f* Illustrated Price Lists and Descriptionswith Opinions
of the London Press and Musical Profession, forwarded
Poet Free upon application.
18. WIGMORE STREET, LONDON, W.
MANUtIFACTORT,
THE "BBINSMEAD WORKS," GRAFTON-ROAD,
KENTISH TOWN, N.W.




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