Group Title: Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder.
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: D.M. Lee
Place of Publication: Hamilton Bermuda
Publication Date: -1920
Frequency: three times a week[jan. 1910-dec. 1920]
weekly[ former 1828-]
semiweekly[ former -dec. 1909]
three times a week
Subject: Newspapers -- Hamilton (Bermuda Islands)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Bermuda Islands   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bermuda Islands -- Hamilton
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1828?
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 93, no. 153 (Dec. 30, 1920).
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Jan. 22, 1828).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076588
Volume ID: VID00299
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 46887227
lccn - sn2003060500
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bermuda gazette (Hamilton, Bermuda Islands : 1821)
Succeeded by: Bermuda colonist
Succeeded by: Royal gazette and colonist daily

Full Text


Nc.'.-Vol. LI.. STATE SUPER VIAS A TQUA. 24sper A"n

H".amilto .Reransda, uexad ,f a ofua P 9, -SS.

Written and spoken by the Revd. C. H. Harbord,
'* M.A., Chaplain, R.N., at the Royal Naval Thea-
tre, Ireland Island, on the 19th instant, on occa- OF
v sion of the Performance by Officers' Amateurs" r
'of the Drama Delicate Ground'" and the Come. Valuable Furniture.
dietta A Winning Hazard," for the benefit of
the proposed Sailors Club, Bermuida." T ndi r
SWhere life's as tedious as a twice-told tale, The Undersigned has been favored
Vexing the dull ear of a drowsy man"; with orders
Where oily calm succeeds to furious gale TO SELL THE WHOLE OF THE
And storm ends days which softest airs began,
There are some Islands-if you wish for some notion 0 0 ''
Of -the size of these specks on the face of the ocean if4 ..
You might make a hole with the point of a needle or B
pin Belonging to
In a good sized map of the world: it would mea- lloio v 7 A'elscjg .ff 8I,
sure the Island we're in; W I ,
But-" its a land that bears a well-known name Comprising a number of Articles that are New
Though 'tis but a little spot"; Valuable, and in excellent order.
It grows many insects, but not much game,
And in summer its mighty hot;
"Should the haughty stranger seek to know' The Sale will take place at
What's produced by its precious earth, 0 [ 'r t f9
Tomatoes, potatoes, and greens we can show, ROSE COT AGE"
And onions of marvellous girth.
A Sailors' Club also we've got, I declare, ON W E- ID N Et S ) D A Y,
Being built in proportions grand, 30th dy of January, 1878,
Just now it exists as a house in the air
For we want more money in hand; Commencing at 12 o'clock,
All of you represent a very fair sum, [come.
And we know from our sailors there's lots more to When will be offered as follows:-
We, have gota court, and a floating dock, Drawing -oom.
SWe have Clergymen very few, 1
We once had a Bishop-now only his flock, C HAIRS (small)
And we have the Terror's" crew. TABLES' PICTURE (Madonna)
We've two Houses of Assembly where they talk of A Lot of BRACKETS MIRRORS
means and ways, A o C KT MIRR
We've a' mud-dredge, and this Theatre, where we Book CASES Newspaper RACK
act some splendid plays,' Folding Door BLINDS (with Rod and Rings
We've an Admiral who, in war time, will keep our complete)
harbours looked, Window BLINDS
We've also had an earthquake by which we all LAMP (with Extra Glass)
were shocked. QUAILS (Game) Lot of BOOKS
We always have soldiers to guard our shores HARP INKSTAND
And ships full of sailor men CARPET RUGS.
And many a D, C. G-. of stores
And clerks too who drive the pen.
And all these people work day and night Dining Roo0m.
For their country, .their Queen, and their pay, TABLE (with 2 Wings) Knife BOX
And are always ready for any delight TRAYS MATS TABLE
To pass any dull time away. A: Lot of PICTURES and FRAMES
So, be it at dancing, or singing, or writing, Water BOTTLE Stick RACK
Ball-firing at Butts, or pic-nicing in caves,
Or hunting the paper, fort-building, shamfighting, LAMP (Hanging) CARPET.
We Britons of Ireland all labour like slaves:
Wefllways strive hard to do well what we do, pare -=B6d R 0Coom.
We shall well please ourselves if we only please you. TRON BEDSTEAD (Double)
To.act a grand tragedy's not our ambition, Mosquito NET BEDS PILLOWS
In bashfulness welallabound, BOLSTERS MATS RUG, &c.
To please you, our fiends, we consider our mission,
Are we treading on "delicate ground"
We'll show you how the heart, by love entangled, B.ed B Room.
By strange mistakes, and jealous fears, is mangled, TRON BEDSTEAD BEDS
By taking true for false, and false for true, BOLSTERS PILLOWS PRESS
9ow men perform that which they live to rue. Toilet SET CARPET
Its an-old story, but its being played
On many a real stage this very day,
The fine pure gold of manhood falsely weighed V erandah.
Against a tinsled form of basest clay; IRON Folding CHAIR (with Cushions)
A woman's heai't, true to a former hope, -- BENCH Flower STANDS, &c.
True to a glory-tinted prospect in the past, Rain GUAGE.
UNable with a present doubt to cope, -
Finds the true grounds for loving at the last. Pantry.
She --wa so young, so bright, so fair, P
When the first love dawned on her opening soul, Large Assortment of GLASSWARE
All life was glorious and the very air DELPH -ETAS BASKETS
Whispered of gladness, and there stole LAMPS Dessert DISHES, &c., &c., &c.
Into her world the brightest, sunniest beam L D
Than which there's nothing half so sweet in life- 1itcken.
e'en love's young dream :
But like all dreams it faded-she was told COOKING UTENSILS in large variety
Her lover depd, lay in earth's bosom cold- '- Dish COVERS TINWARE
It was'nt true-for had it been this play Kerosene STOVE TUBS
Would ne'er have seen the light of a stage day. .CROCKERY Baking TINS, &c., &c.
Another man, of noble seeming, Came, ,
And he was noble, though she thought it not, W. T. RO BERT ,
He gave her what hp had, an honest name, Auctioneer.
An honest love, a fortune-favoured lot, St Georges, January 21st, 1878.*
And whose the deepest love had ne'er been known.
Unless by various tests it had been shown,
And passion, pride and jealousy combined_ To All whom it m ay Con-
To prove the truest heart, the noblest mind.
But though there's passionand hard grief displayed, cern.
Our drama is in comic dress arrayed,
A laughter-loving company are we, H EBY give Notice that I huve been
Who wish'for a short time your minds to free EEBY give Notice that I hve been
From that drear toil, which gives no time for joy, ,pp1ointed AG''NT AND) ATTORNEY for 1
And clothes with dullness woman, man and boy; the Board of Underwriters of New Orleans, and
We'll be like dew shed on a summer's night will from this Date, represent the Interests ofl
On flowers parched up by day's too fervid light, the following Companies, Vizt :-
To do this in a comedy of errors we will show New Orleans Mutual Insurance Company,
An old love story very full of fun, Crescent do. do. do.
How onp young man too quick and one too slow Mierchants do. do. do.
Both lovely wives and handsome fortunes won, Su do. do. do.
Because love pointed out the surest road to take Tn Insuanceon.
By which they could their game "a winning haz. Uilon hmsur'an e Company,
ard"make. Hopee do. do.
________Hibernia do. do.
.Factors and Traders Insurance Company,
Notice. Tentonia Insurance Company,
SNew Orleans Insurance Association,
ALONZO PENISTON has made arrange'. Peoples' Insurance Company,
ments for obtaining a quantity of the Mechanics and Traders Insurance Company.
8 lO W (YAgent for the several Boards of Under-
W? Writers for New York, Boston,
1) Baltimore and Philadelphia, &c., &c., &c.

Which he expects to receive in September next. St. George's, Bermuda,
Persons dan engage the same by applying to 21st January, 1878.
the Subscriber or to
-JOHN ZUILL, Somerset.' Notice.
A. J. HODSDON, Hamilton.
W ,0. NORTHi, Bailey's Bay. T H E UN D ER S1 G E D,
The Undersigned will also take this opportu- E x a J f lIM
nity of informing his Friends and the Public E x 1 IV YV
generally, -that he is now prepared to give his T A & I T N 0 N '
personal att-nition to the Consignment of
PRODBUCE Copper Paint,
SOT"ReSSrS 3. Bok & CO., In Gallon and Half Gallon Tins, and offer the
/ OF NEW YORK, same for Sale.
S rd will assure all that he will do every thing rhe above Paint having gihen Satisfaction to
in his power to promote the welfare of those all who have used it, we confidently recom-
at favor him with Consign,.renti. mend it.
Hamilton, Jany. Aind, 1878. Hamilton, Jany. 21st, 1878.-3

Marshal' sSale.

T (P iv-'.: 1 L 1- ,

At 12 o'clock,


1. atch

and Cancert.
Return latch will be played (D.V.) on the
Grounds at the rear of FOlRT G( I'CORGE

ON o0

,, T hursda 3y1s inst.
The 30th January, Instant, Between 11 of PHILANTROPIC Lodge No. 5, and
Under and by Virtue of Sundry Writs of Exe- an 11 of 1ECHAB L.odge No. 7, I. 0. G. S.
cution issued from the Court of General There will be Luncheon on the grounds.
Assize against RIOHARD THOMAS PON- In the Evvi'iJ, there will be a P'RO.IE-
TON otherwise called RICHARD NAI)E CONCE'ItF, at the TowN HIALL, when
PONTON, the choicest Ref'reshments will be offered at
THE FOLLOWING most reasonable prices.
sonal Efs bTI'he Amateur Band will be in attendance on
Pr sonal Ef cts both occasions.
l Doors open at 6 30 p.m.
VIZ:- Admission 6(d.

by Andrew J. Morse & Son., Bos-
ton, Mass.
1 Diving BASKET 1 Wooden or Iron GIN
4 Old Diving DRESSES
2 Sets Diving LEADS
About 60 Fathoms of Towing ROPE
About 100 lbs. Old JUNK
And 1 Iron WRENCH
J. i1. TR11 1 1
Pro. Mar. Genl.
12th Jany. 1878.

Valuable Rea 'Es-

tate and Personal Property.

r'illiF Real and P'ersonil E.stte of
*' the l ee liss L I' Z \ Sh:Y-
.. MOUR, (deceased), will" be Sold by
SPU'B I'( A\UC' I'T N.
The Pier,4oiia 0 .-fp_,,i'

5th February Next, At 12 o'clock Noo i
At l)eceased's late residence at the C() l.\"' ,i,
adjointing the Royal Niaval i tospita!, Irelat .i is-'
land (the particulars wiil be give,i in a subse-
quent Advertisement) : and
On Wednesday 611

February Next,

At12 o'cloelf, NooA.i

On the Prlemiss,
Situated at ANl ]NGROV i' BAY, Somerset,
near the Public Wharf, consisting of one TWO
STO RY llOUSl, a COT'TAG 1., with LAN1)
attached, bordering on the Queen's Roiad, \Vest,
and on the North, with a WilA\it ', by the
Waters of MaNlgrove Baly.
Surviving executor.
St. George's, 7th January, 1878.

BLS. Extra Family FL O 7U
1B3. Yellow Corn M E A L
do. nIIRAN
j lis. Family BEKEF
Family Grocer,
Nos. 10 & 12 Queen St.
Hamilton, Jany. 22, 1878.-2
52 EAXCH \NG( 1PL\ \ ',
NEW YORK, Jany. 15th, 1878
Any Parties desirous 0of

Shipping Produce
to our Address will please apply to Mr. C. A. V.
FRITH (at Store of Mr. E. B. JONES, Hamil-
ton), who will forward them free of Consul's
Certificate, &c.
Our Junior, Mr. NASH, will be on hand as
usual, later in the Season.
[., W. HA WARD & CO.
January 22, 1878.-tf.

Comfortable Lodging
For a Single Gentleman, can be
obtained in Church Street in this Town. Board
can also be obtained if desired.
For Reference apply at the Office of the
" Royal Gazette."
January 22v 1, 1878.

For Sale,
A Fine'

uay H8orse,
Arrived by the '"CANI.IA" on 20th Instant.
Suitable for general purposes.
January 22, 1878.

o Contf'r..e fo r

Colonial AS:r1:)ry's" Offlce,
JANUARY 21sT, 1878. *
SEALED TENDERS in duplicate
will be received at THIS OFFICE, on or before

The 15th of February next, at noon,
From Persons desirous of entering into all or
any of the undermentioned Coini'.:-ts, viz:
Supply of BREAD,
Fresh MEAT, Salt and
Preorve,1 MEAT,
POTATOES and other Veg%.tabl'-s, S
CANDLES and Kerosene OIL.
A List of the Supplies to be furnished, can
be seen on application at THis OFFICE.
Probable quantities required, to be ascer-

I I Undersigned respectfully tained by inquiry of the MEDICAL SUPERIN-
U s ershgne respectuiy dTENDENT, who will also furnish any other in-
noifies Shippers that he will receive and formation.
fo'w:rd consignments of '
a S ^ _^_ 1.-The Contracts to commence on the 1st of
To 'Messrs. MIDDLETON & Co., and Alessis. April 1878, and to run to March 31st 1879
DAnI;KLL & Co., New Yom'k, by every opporu- I to be determinable upon three months' no-
nity throughout the Season. twice being given by either party, such notice
Prompt Sales and Returns fur- / to be given on the first of the month,
a 2.--The Contractors will be required to enter
nished. into Bond, with two approved Sureties, in
A \ M A A ST R one-third of the approximate annual value
SM L. A. A of the Articles to be supplied, for the due
-26 Front Street. fulfilment of the Contracts.
Jany. 14, 1878.-.3 3.-The Articles must be of a quality to be
o S e and be delivered at the Asylum on such days,
SFol e* and at such hours, as he may direct.
_--- 4.-An Invoice, regularly numbered, must be
'qp "? v'- *? T 7 TG N1 \ sent with every delivery, and will be detain-
,, ) .', & ,-' .: ed by the OVERSEER, who will give :. rec-eit
OFFE RS 'E I I with corresponding ni!n..:r.
5.-Every delivery is to be covered by a writ-
SOl l Ino A lrtiCleS, ten Order; the Orders and P',,.e.ipts will be
SLow flas for ash produced to the Committee of Quarterly
j]t Low HaAccounts.
~ IS. and !!alf Barrels S. F. FLOUR. 6.-The, Bills and Books will be made up
I ]Barrels Corn tl \ L Monthly, and certified by the MEDICAL SU-
iialf flarrels Va'nily S' I' i' [ PERINTENDENT.
Barrels i'acket B ll 7.-Payments will be made Quarterly.
Barrels TA PITCHl and ROSIN 8.-If from defect of delivery., or from unsuit-
Barrels Portland and iosendale C 1M ,'ENTIS able quality, the MEDICAL S Bags BIRAN, COaiN and POL LA 1).S is obliged to obtain Supplies -l.s where, the'
Sacks ;11A lt COAL Contractor for the supply of the Articles
deficient or unsuitable will be liable to any
hite Pi ie Lu mber, expense incurred.
Ciear and merchantt ble, 9.-Each Tender must be enclosed in an En-
S velope, addressed to the COLONIAL SECRE-
nssi of 1, I, 1 and 2 inches-)ry TARY, and marked on the outside "Tender
and Cured--[eesed Board., Gr'oove I and for Supplies to the Lunatic Asylum."
Tongued and with Square edges, 16 feet 10.-Forms of Tender, required to be used for
long x 12 inches wide. he service, can be obtained at this Office.
Pitch Pise L UJ'IB$E It, By His Etcellency's Command,
I and li dressed Flooring 4A to 6 inches [ t. E WVEBSTERI
Sin width. 2 Colonial Secretary.
I X. T /-t I -.I -_ f1 a"M,"ii r F \7" T f-I

l(AILI IN U and U \N I L N jLLN
Of assorted Sizes.
4 and 5 feet Lengths.
Onion Box Material,
LATHiS and Peruvian GU.\NO.
Which, to approved Purchasers, will be Sup-
plied o,1 accommodating terms.
liamilton, Jany. 8th, 1878.

Garnet Seed Potatoes,
In prime Condition for Planting.
S. S. IN H-AM.
15th January, 1878.

A LL Persons having CLAIMS against AN-
'' T1IONY BURGESS hIlLL, late of lam.
ilton Parish, deceased, will present the same to
the Subscribers on or before the first day ojApril
next, and all Persons INDEI)'B t)o tne Els-
tate, will-please make Payment by that time.
January 14, 1878.

Picked Up,
ON Sunday last between St. John's Church,
l'embroke, and this Town and left at this
Office to be claimed,
*I Gold Finresr iDj.VG.
The Owner can have same by proving Pro-
perty and paying Cxpe\i.L
Hamilton, Ja.ny. 8th, 1878.

t n o s^ l'j r.

SJorth of Trinity church,

For ale,

About tihe End of the
",il oata,

One DOGC ARiT, fitted for Single
Horse or a Pair, with Pole, complete. Built
at Quebec, -
Two Bay M A RES, accustomed to
run singly or as a pair, both good for Saddle
and have been ridden by a Lady.
One Chestnut M.A iE and one
Black il Al both accustomed to Parade
work, will stand fire, and have beewz constant-
ly ridden by Ladies.
A Complete Set of 1) O U B L E
HARNE.SS in very good condition, converti-
ble into Singe Harnesses at will.
For further particulars apply to the FLAG'
January 1, 1876;


~2 t9~i~ ~

One will calve about 14th j\May, the other about
24th April. '
One charming little

Fitted fur -ingle or pair, with Lamps nd \hip
Bai-t by Di .WoLF, PUCE ,32
App y t > FLAG LI :U'l IEANTr,
Clarence Hill,
January 13, 1878.

i. 0. G.

C ncklet



* 0

VATIONS takenunder the direction ol'the Frin .1
Medical Officer, Prospect, Bermuda. Alove the sea
151 feet.


Jn. 21





Temperature previous
24 hours.

S f


61 '6



51'6 (




IIamilto'?, January 29, 1878.

Colonial Secretary's Office,
JANUARY 28TiH, 1878.
has received information from the Right
*Honorable the Secretary of State for the Colo-
nies that Her Majesty has been pleased tc
Josiah Rees, Esquire,

To be CHIEF JUSTICE of Bermuda, in the room
of Thomas Lett Wood, Esquire.
His Honor has this day taken the Oaths of
Office before His Excellency the Governor.

MR. JosIAH REEs. the gentleman selected by the
Secretary of State to fill the long vacant office of Chief
Justice of these iliani., arrived on Sunday last in
the Mail Steamer Beta, from Halifax, and was sworn
into Office yesterday. The learned Judge is ac-
companied by his wife and child.
Mr. Rees is spoken of in private letters, as a lawyer
of learning and experience. He is a Barrister of some
26 years standing, and has been accustomed to travel
the South Western Circuit.
It will be very gratifying to the public to know that
this important office is at length filled, and that in a
manner which gives every promise that the traditional
ability and respectability of our judicial, bench are
likely to be maintained in the future.

i 0 We understand that at a meeting held yes-
terday of the Committee recently appointed to pre-
pare a Bill for the Disestablishment of the Church
7 of England in these Islands, the following resolu-
tion was unanimously carried :-
"That the Committee, having reason to believe
that the question of the Disestablishment of the
SChurch of England in Bermuda has been referred to
the Secretary of State for the Colonies for his con-
sideration, deem it inexpedient to take any further
action in the matter until the views of the Secre-
tary of State are ascertained."

On Tuesday evening last, at the Masonic Hall in
this Town, the first of two Subscription Assemblies
took place, which was well attended. His Excellency
the Governor and Lady Laffan, the Admiral and Lady
Key, honoured the Stewards with their attendance.
The evening, in point of weather, was not propitious.
Several unexpected drawbacks existed which, made the
entertainment fall short of the success which has usu-
ally attended such gatherings in Bermuda. The Ball
Room was one continuous scene of moving gaiety from
the opening Quadrille to the last Valse, and throughout
a geniality prevailed. Even those who copy the Ori-
entals in looking on as the perfection of enjoyment in
a ball, wore countenances almost as pleasing as those
who circled round in the mazes of the dance. In the
- -.- 4k -- 1 ------ -1 _-41- 4_'l- _-. _- -_ -1 #

a note to England complaining of the warlike atti-
tude of Greece, the British Government has trans.
mitted it without comment to the English Charge
d'Affairs here.
GERMANY.-LoNDON, Jan. 21.-The Post's
Berlin despatch says it is expected that Bismarck
will have sufficiently recovered from his illness to
attend the opening of Parliament. His negotia-
tions with Herr Von Bennigsen have led to no
practical result,

The total amount of opium imported into the
United States for 1877 was 2,589,924,383 grains.
Deducting one-fifth for medical use, there remains
for opium eaters 6,125,383 grains daily. If thirty
grains are taken as a daily dose, there are in the
United States over 200,000 men who eat opium.
Rev. James Trimble, a Baptist minister, formerly
a resident of the Province of New Brunswick, no w
of Naine, has fallen heir to S200,000,


Colonial Secretary. programme there seemed rather too great a proportion
Sof valses, some eleven out of eighteen dances, which
evidently prompted the orchestra to shorten the length
CUSTOM HOUSE-HAMILTON. of the dance. The music was supplied by the Band of
CLEARED. the 46th Regt. The Ball Room was neatly decorated
Jany. 23-German Barque Hestia, Puset, Tybe Rhode. by three annulets of roses in a green ground, and a
Schr. J. W. Peasley, Baker, Turks' Islands; 1 carri- bold scroll wreath surmounting the platform at the
age, 4 bales .h.ay, I hhd. tobacco, 1 bl. glassware, 5 head of the room, in the centre of which was placed a
b1s. potatoes, 1 box merchandize, 500 feet lumber. portrait of Her Majesty the Queen. The verandah
CUSTOM HOUSE-ST. GEORGE. was canvassed in as usual and formed a pleasant pro-
ENTERED. menade. The neatness with which 'Mudian Ladies
Jany. 27-Royal Mail Steamer Beta, Shaw, Halifax; twine in their hair the natural flowers which grow so
English mail of 8th instant, and goods for mer- luxuriantly here, must impress a stranger as a distinc-
chants. tive feature of a Bermuda social gathering. The lower
CLEARED floor was set apart for Retiring Rooms, the large room
Jany. 24-Mail Steamer Canima, Liddicoat, New being used for refreshments.
York; 109 bis. potatoes, 359 boxes tomatoes, and The benefits which result from such social meetings
oranges and lemons transhipped from Brigantine as the one which we have now the pleasure of noticing,
Kate. are considerable, and their promotion is unquestionably
27-Royal Mail Steamer Beta, Shaw, St. Thomas; a social benefit.
Mails, &c.
PASSENGERS ARRIVED. The performance of the Alleghany Minstrels at the
In the R. M. Steamer Beta, on the 27th instant, from Theatre Royal, Prospect, on Saturday last, was a novel
Halifax:-Chief Justice Rees, Mrs. Rees, child and variety of entertainment. Of course the wit and pre-
nurse; Messrs. J. B. North and W. W. Dudman. cision which mark Moore & Burgess at St. James'
-2nd Cabin, Henry Barry. Hall, could not be looked for, but seldom have we been
PASSENGERS SAILED. visited by a troupe productive of equal merriment.
In the Mail Steamer Canima on Thursday last for Our entrance money we considered a well invested styp-
New York :-Rev. Alfred Malim, Chaplain to the For- tic. The two sections of the Programme which prece-
ces, Mr. and Mrs. Sydney Smith, Miss F. B. Brown- ded the Minstrels performance, comprised a varied se-
low, Asst. Comy. P. O'Leary, Captains Chandler, ex election by soloists, chorus and band. The song in
Brigt. Iza, and Fuller, late Schr. AM. E. Ilankin. character "When Pat came over the Hills," elicited
Messrs. 0. Fred. Jones, John Patton and Fred. Green. laughter. Where the performance is amateur, we must
-Second Cabin, J. L. Ward, G. Johannesson, Isaac not be captious. A little more confidence may be ac-
Cook.-Steerage, K. K. Malmross, A. Dobson, G. Rob- quired by some of the performers with greater practice,
inson, W. H. Best, P. Stevenson, B. Cornell, F. S. and their vocal powers more fully and efficiently develo-
inson, W. Best, P. Stevenson, orne ped. His Excellency and Lady Laffan, and a select
In the Schr. J. W. .Peasley on Friday last for Turks' audience were present on the occasion, which proved
Islands:-Mrs. Ockenden, Mrs. Eugenie Frith, Miss pleasingly entertaining.
Stamers, Miss Smith, Master Fred. Jones, Mr. J. E.
Lightbourn. The Independence of Parliament Act in Canada
In the R. M. Steamer Beta, for St. Thomas :-J. C. is being strictly enforced. The consequence has
Armstrong, Esqr.-Second Cabin, H. G. Rogers, G. been the resignation of several members of the
W. Durant. House of Commons, prominent among them Hon.
VESSELS IN PORT, ST. GEORGE. W. B. Vail, of Digby, the Minister of Militia, and
BARQUES. Alfred G. Jones, of Halifax, concerned in a Print-
Susan M..Dudman; awaiting orders. ing Establishment which executed Dominion Gov-
Aurora; finished discharging, undergoing repairs. ernment Printing. It was supposed that Mr. Vail
Veronica Madre; nearly unloaded, caulking decks. had a stronghold in Digby County and that any
Monarchy; discharging.BIGS. opposition to him was more formal than formidable.
Eliza; on Marine Slip, repairing. Mr. Vail has however been defeated by a large ma-
Julia Lingley; waiting for orders. jority, his opponent being a Mr. Wade, a former
Kate; portion of cargo, oranges and lemons, tranship- speaker of the Nova Scotian House of Assembly.
pod per Canima; repairing. Mr. Vail was among the numerous new politicians,
Prioress; waiting for orders. brought forward in 1867 by the Anti-Confederate
Ira; discharged; waiting for orders, agitation, and filled the office of Provincial Secretary
SCHOONERs. in the Local Government with considerable ability,
Uncle Tom; discharged; waiting for orders. which led to his being selected as Minister of Mili-
Franklin; reloading. tia in the Dominion Cabinet. In this enlarged field,
Hound laid up.ed and Sailed S. S. Beta, Shaw, Hal- though a good office man, he has fallen short of the
Jany. 27-Arrrivede nd, aied hS. S. Beta, S.Thaw, Hal expectations formed of him. The Halifax Election
fax; passengers, mails and merchadise.-St. omas not being held simultaneously with the Digby Elec-
Brigt. Carry Dingle, was up at London for Bermuda, tion, owing to the impossibility of posting the re-
to sail January 30. uda 31 quisite notices, Mr. Jones has been sworn in at
Barque eullura, left London for Bermuda, Dec. 31. Halifax before the Commander of the Forces, ad-
The Norwegian Barque Bex, from Cardiff, with coals ministering the Government in the absence of Lord
for the Royal Naval Yard, anchored in Murray's an- Dufferin at Washington, as Minister of Militia.
chorage yesterday. The nomination for Halifax County took place on
the 22nd and the elections take place on the 29th.
FRANCE. PARIS, Jany. 20.-La Republique W. H. Richey, the Mayor of Halifax, has been no-
Francaise says, Gambetta agrees with the Ministry minated by the Conservative party in opposition to
that voting of the entire budget is desirable. It is the Hon. A. G. Jones. Mr. Richey has no political
said be desires the vote to be taken in April and experience, but commands the confidence of many,
then the Chambers adjourn throughout the sum- even of those who will oppose him for political par-
mer, so as to ensure political quiet during the In- ty reasons. Mr. Jones was one of the active oppo-
ternational Exhibition.. nents of Confederation and has represented Halifax
VERSAILLES, Jan. 21.-In the Chamber of Depu- with the exception of a short time when Dr. Almon
ties, to-day, Touchard, on behalf of the Right, defeated him. He is a large West India Merchant
moved that henceforth a two-thirds majority should of great experience and has had influence in the
be necessary to declare an election invalid. Gam- House of Commons. How the election may turn
betta opposed the motion. He moved the previous it is impossible to say. The contest is a keen one.
question and made a vigorous attack on the mino- Dr. Tupper has been actively at work on behalf of
rity. Paul de Cassagnac retorted vehemently, at- the opposition and to,, his indefatigable industry
tacking the majority. Cunes de Ornano, Bonapar- Mr. Vail may owe his defeat. In Mr. Jones Dr.
tist, was twice called to order during the debate. Tupper meets an almost equal adept. Prior to
The sitting was a stormy one. Gambetta's motion Confederation they were both warm political
for the previous question was adopted, 812 against friends, Mr. jnes being not then in active politics.
PAIr, Jany. 21.-Stanley was entertained at a THE WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA.
de jeuner by the Paris Press Club to-day. Repre- LONDON, Jan. 15-The Times has the following
sentatives from the principal French and foreign advices from Qape Town under date of Dec. 25:
journals were present. "There has been no fighting during the past week.
ITALY.-The New King's Policy.-RoME, Jany. The appearance of British troops in the Trauskei,
20.-The solemnity of the King taking oath occur- and Her Majesty's ship Active on the coast, have
red to-day. The King in hip speech, thoroughly caused many Galekas to submit. Botman, one of
upholds Italian unity, and says he will conform to the Counsellors of Kreli, the Galeka chief, gave
the measures inaugurated by his father. Amnesty himself up at Ibeka, and says other Galekas are
will be granted to political offenders. ready to come in, and so would Kreli, if he were
RoME, Jan. 21.-It is expected that a Papal allo- sure of his own safety. The government demands
caution will be delivered shortly on the death of the unconditional surrender of Kreli and his son,
Victor Emmanuel and the accession of King Hum- and the disarming of all his fighting men. On
bert. Sunday Kreli's General, Keva, with 200 men, cross-
ed the Kei, and is now in the Gaika territory.
GREECE.-ATHENS, Jan. 20.-The insurrection This revives alarm lest the Gaikas should join the
in Thessaly is spreading. The insurgents who insurrection. The Government has demanded
fight under the Greek flag and have been joined by Keva's surrender of Sandili, Chief of the Gaikas.
many Thessalians residing in Greece, are enthusi- Sir Bartle Frere, Governor and Commander-in-
astically received in several districts. An insur- Chief of Cape Colony, in reply to the address of a
reaction has also broken out in several parts of Ma- deputation that waited upon him stated that he
cedonia. would recommend to Parliament the complete dis-
AriENS. Jan. 21.-The Porte having addressed armament of the natives."

Arrival of the English I Mail of the
1Oth instant.
The Royal Mail Steamer Beta, Captain Shaw,
with the English Mail of the 10th instant, arrived
at St. George on Sunday morning last. We un-
derstand that a change has been made in the time
of the departure of our Mails from England, and
that for the future they will leave on Thursday in-
stead of Tuesday as heretofore-that is on every
fourth Thursday, commencing on 10th instant.
We have been favoured with the following ex-
tract of a Letter received by J. M. Hayward, Esqr.,
the Agent of the Beta, at St. George, dated
HALIFAX, January 22, 1878.
The Post Office in London may alter the day
of sailing for Beta" from Monday to Tuesday or
Wednesday as this time. We write this, that you
may not be anxious if she does not make her ap-
pearance next trip on her usual day."

The telegraphic summaries received by the Beta,
give meagre information on the debate which
followed the reading of the Queen's Speech.
We may suppose that the debate was gene-
rally of that misty non-committal character,
speaking generally of the importance of Brit-
ish inetrests and the determination to see them res-
pected in the present crisis. Some utterances of
Lord Salisbury appear to have caused the Russian
Government a little uneasiness, as his Lordship's
forbearance toward Russia is well known. There
naturally prevails anxiety in England, which it is
difficult for the present to allay, the Imperial Par-
liament being as desirous as the people of avoiding
war and unable to make known the pending ar-
rangements with that object in view. There seems
to be no rash desire to precipitate a contest which
may wisely be avoided. It appears that Austria,
though acting in an independent line is running
parallel in her policy to England. Germany is the
piece on the board which calls for sharp watching.
There would appear to be on her part a desire to
object to the circumspection which England is exer-
cising, avoiding any rupture if possible with Russia.
The present is an anxious moment. The tenden-
cies, we believe, are to peace, but its establishment
may be interrupted by slight circumstances not now
clearly foreseen. The Danubian Principalities from
all accounts are not apparently pleased ft their
prospects, which are likely to be too subordinate
to Russian designs and ambition. A few weeks
longer must decide the anxiety which now prevails
and make known what we must face. Russian
diplomacy will be politely evasive till the moment
it may suit it to wax otherwise.

Russian Terms Unknown.-LoNDoN, Jan. 21.--In
the House of Commons to-night, Sir Stafford North-
cote, Chancellor of the Exchequer, stated that the
Government was not yet aware of the Russian terms,
but had reason to know that the statements pub-
lished this morning were incorrect,
Sir Stafford, in reply to an interrogatory respect-
ing the statement that the Queen had personally
interceded with the Czar in behalf of Turkey,
pleaded absence of the usual notice for an inquiry
into the matter, and refused to say whether her
Majesty had written to fhe Czar on the subject.
He stated that the terms demanded by the Rus-
sians were as yet unknown, but the government
hoped soon to be in possession of the result of the
meeting between the Turkish and Russian dele-
England has proposed that there shall be a con-
ference of the Powers immediately after the Rus-
sian terms of peace are made known. If the pow-
ers decline to take part in such ar conference, the
Government will then ask Parliament for extraor-
dinary credit in order to prepare such measures
and take such precautions as it may deem neces-
sary for the protection of British interests in the
The news of the entrance of the Russians into
Adrianople has caused increasing excitement and
uneasiness here. Several prominent adherents of
Lord Beaconsfield's policy held a meeting last
night for the purpose of impressing upon the Gov-
ernment the necessity of urging a meeting of the
proposed European conference before the Russians
proceeded any further.
Orders are to be sent to Admiral Hornby, com-
manding the British fleet in the Mediterranean,
now lying at anchor at Verola Bay near Besika
It is stated that Queen Victoria has written a
letter to the Duchess of Edinburgh, asking her to
use her influence with her father, the Czar, to spare
Turkey. Whether this action will have any effect
or not remains to be seen. It is considered here as
significant of the dilemma to which England has
been reduced. ,
There has seldom been a time when a war or
heavy expenditure for warlike purposes would be
more distasteful to the English people. Trade is
stagnant and many kinds of industry areat the low-
est point of depression. Besides these, to Great
Britain, fully occupied with other troubles, the in-
surrection of the Kaffirs in South Africa is exceed-
ingly discouraging. Despatches from Sir Bartle
Frere, Governor at the Cape, ask for reinforcements.
In all probability five regiments will leave Malta to
put an end to the Galekaa outbreak.
A bill for closing public houses in Ireland was
read a second time.
One hundred thousand pounds worth of gold
was withdrawn from the Bank of England for New
York, yesterday.

Party" on the Eastern Question-Dr. Butt's Lead-
ership-Division Threatened.
DUBLIN, Jany. 15.-The Home Rule Conference
to-day unanimously adopted a resolution in favor
of holding an annual conference, consisting of
members of the Home Rule League Clubs and
members of Parliament. Mr. Biggar supported a
resolution to the effect that should intervention in
the Easterni war be brought before Parliament, the
Irish party should repudiate sympathy with Eng-
land by quitting the House in a body. Dr. Butt
declared that the passing of such a resolution would
be a deadly blow to Irish nationality. The reso-
lution was ultimately withdrawn and one proposed
by Mr. Parnell substituted, that the conference
advise the Home Rule Party to consult relative to
the Eastern question,. and adopt a united line of
The Home Rule Conference passed a resolution
by which the members pledged themselves to
maintain the unity and authority of the party,
and recognized the wisdom of united, energetic
action under the leadership of Dr. Butt.. The re-
solution reserved individual liberty of action rela-'
tive to questions on which members had not
arrived at any preconcerted agreement, but enforced
the necessity of avoiding. any course tending to
injure the influence and unity of the party. The
conference lasted eight hours, and terminated in a
scene of division and uproar. Dr. Butt, by a per-
sonal appeal, obtained the withdrawal of the
amended version of Mr. Biggar's motion, but the
motion which finally passed was a very slight
modification of this objectionable amendment.
After this motion was passed, Dr. Butt was voted
to the chair, which he at first refused to occupy, but
was almost forced into by Mr. Sullivan and others.

It is claimed that the real Arthur Orton will ar-
rive in England from Australia early in February.
Slade, the Spiritualist, has been expelled from
Vienna, being unable to describe his vocation to
the police.

Cruelly--Russians enter Airianople-CC.nlectures as
to Suleiman Pasha's whereabouts.
BELGRADE, Jan. 21.-It is officially announced R
that the Servians upon reoccupying Kussbimljk
found twenty.four Servian soldiers and two officers 1
BUCHAREST, Jan. 21.-The Roumanians occupy t
Florentin, thus completing the investment of Wid- n
The bombardment of the Roumanians set fire to
Belgradsich in Widdin.
LoNDON4, Jan. 21.-A despatch from Constanti-
nople this afternoon announces the entry of the
Russians into Adrianople. The Austrian consul
there telegraphed last night that the town was
tranquil. There is no news of the armistice nego-
The Post's Berlin special says if the report that 1
Suleiman Pasha has reached Drama should prove
correct he can take his army, believed to be not
less than 50,000 men, to sea by a short march, and
thence secure transportation to Gallipoli or Con-
stantinople. His escape through the Rhodope
mountains does not appear in itself improbable, and
it now seems that the force which the Russians
were able to place across his path west of Adriano-
ple consisted entirely of cavalry which could de-
stroy his communications and cut off his supplies,
but could not seriously impede his march eastward
or southward. However, the news of Suleiman's,
safety is unconfirmed. The rumor comes from
Constantinople, where the wish is likely to beget
the report.
LONDON, Jan. 21.-The Standard's Constantino-
ple despatch dated Friday, Jan. 18, via Syra, says,
the Porte, at the instance of the Sultan, has ordered
all villages at a distance from the seat of war to
send, pending the result of the armistice negoti-
ations, all the forces they can spare to Constanti-
nople by the quickest route. The same despatch
says it has been decided that the Porte and the"
Sultan will quit Constantinople as soon as the
Russians reach Tchalaldja, a station on the Adria-
nople railway, 25 miles from Constantinople. I
VIENNA, Jan. 21.-A special to the Political Cor- I
respondence from Constantinople says the opinion
daily gains' ground that in consequence of the
threatening aspect of the internal affairs, especially
in the capitol, the Porte will be compelled to pur-
chase cessation of hostilities at any price.
Three hundred thousand refugees are fleeing to
A special to the Standard from Schumla says the
small pox has broken out there and in surrounding
villager. A number of refugees are arriving there
from Bebrova and Osman Bazar. Many die on
the road from cold and hunger.
The Times' Berlin special says : All old soldiers
on furlough in Russia Poland have been called in.
This new levy consists exclusively of men over 40
A Vienna correspondence of the Times reports
that a telegram from Constantinople states that
Government of Salonica has telegraphed to the
Porte that 3000 sick and wounded men from
Suleiman Pasha's army have arrived at Droma.
Panic at Para-Russians close on Gallipoli.-CoN-
STANTINOPLE, Jan. 21.-It is stated that Suleiman
Pasha had with him at Drama 108 battalions and
115 guns.
A panic prevails at Para in consequence of a
report that the Russians are between Usuen Kopri
and Kesban, ten hours' march hence-orders have
been received from Stamboul to resist any advance.
Troops are expected from Smyrna and the Dardan-
elles. ?
The Porte has demanded of the Czar an expla-
nation respecting the delays in the armistice nego-
The Russians are within 10 hours' march of
A despatch from Vienna says that Russia has
taken the fate of Roumania, Servia and Montene-
gro into her own hands, and none of them will be
represented in the negotiations with Turkey. This
is causing auch ill feeling at Bucharest, while the
Servians are bending their energies to occupying
before the cessation of hostilities, as much as pos-
sible of the territory known as Old Servia, which
they intend to claim as their compensation.
LONDON, Jan. 19.-A special despatch says that'
a formal declaration of war by Greece against
Turkey would not probably meet with any oppo-
sition from Great Britain.
Reports from St. Petersburgh and Berlin unite
in declaring the Queen's speech and debate on the
address, though regarded as pacific, have not
pleased the Russian Government, and that Lord
Salisbury's declaration that the tide of war was
approaching a point at which British interests
might be touched and where it must be stopped,
if necessary, is regarded as a serious menace coming
from such a source. There is an uneasy sense that
the crisis from which peace or war may result is
approaching, and that a few days will decide
whether we are to be mere lookers-on or active
participants in a great struggle.
It is semi-officially announced that Russia, as a
condition of peace, demands a large war indemnity
and the occupation by the Russian:forces of Tur-
kish Provinces outside of the annexed territory
until the indemnity is paid.
The armistice will probably be signed on Mon-

The Home Rule Conference in Dublin-The "Irish

Apply at the Royal Gazette" Office.
January 28, 1878. & -

London .lrt- Union
please comnmuuicate with the Undersigned
within the current week.
Honorary Secretary for Bermuda.
January 28, 1878.

For Renit,

Lately Occupied by Honorable H.
A ly to MRS. FACE.
, amilton, Jany. 28, 1878.-3

For Rewt,
'AMa Cedar F.He n-I Fl
NIl (Near Ced r Avenue,) Hamilton.
Iniimediate p ,session given. For Particu'ars
apply to

January "5tll,. Ur

IV. HENir.Y,
Agent. \
78 Devo.hire,
RS ..;'

A CENTENARIAN.-The Rev. Canoreoadon, of
Southampton, has among others received the con-
gratulations of the Queen. through Sir J. Cowell,
and the Duke and Duchess of Saxe Coburg, on his
attaining his 100th year. Canon Beadon is the
last surviving "freeman" of Hampshire, and haq
been for more than 62 years one of the managers of
the Southampton Savings Bank, the original com-
mittee of which included the Earl of .Malmesbury,
Lord Palmerston, the late Dean of Westminster,
and John Willis Fleming, then M. P. for South
Hants. To a lady who once asked him for the secret
of his long life and robust health, the Canon repli.
ed :-" Never be out of bed after 10 o'clock at
night, nor be in bed after 7 in the morning; ne-
ver do any brain-work after dinner; and never
wear a great-coat."

The Governor General of Canada, Lord Dufferin,
being on a visit to Washington, Sir W O'Grady
Haly, the commander of the troops in Canada, has
been sworn in as Administrator of the Government
for the time being.

A Supplement of Five
Columns accompanies this Number
of the GAzTTE. It contains:
"The Press-Its Productions and Mechanism,"
(written expressly for this GAZOTTE.)
Our London Correspondent's News Letter.
Communication-Royal Naval Scripture Read.
her's Society.
Funeral of Victor Emmanuel. &c.

46TH REGIMENT.-A batch of Recruits with Lts.
Crozier and Perkins, will proceed to Warwick
Camp on the 1st Feby., when the annual course of
Musketry for the above Corps will commence.

BIRTH, at South Street, Halifax. N. S., on 11th
January, the WIFE of Mr. George W. Siggins, of a SON,
MARRIED, on the 9th December, at the Cathedral,
60th Royal Rifles, eldest son of Admiral George Mends,"
to LosA ARCHERn, widow of Captain W. Jardine,
R.N., and daughter of G. Cockbura Harvey, Esqr.

DIED, at St. George's on the 17th instant. Miss
CATHERINE E. HAYWARD. second daughter of the late
Charles B. Hayward, aged 56 years ; deeply regretted
by all who knew' her. Her end was peace.
"Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord."
S........, at the Flatts Village, on 6th inst., after a
short illness, borne with Christian resignation. ALTCE
ALTERMOUR, beloved wife of Mr. William B. Hill and
only daughter of Mr. Benjamin Paynter; leaving fath-
er, mother, two brothers, and many other relatives and
friends to mourn her early departure.-Barbados, St.
John, N.B., and Canada papers please copy.
......... in the Town of St. George, on Thursday last,
17th inst., of Diptheria, 'Walter Scott, third son of
John R. Swainson, Esq.. aged 9 years and 6 months.-
Deceased was a child of extraordinary character and
ability, and the christian fortitude and deep faith evin-
ced during a most trying' illness, were truly remark-

Startling Success


The Members of the above, assisted
by the STRING BAND, 46th Regt.,
Mechanics' Institute,

On Friday, Feby. Ist,
On WEDNESDAY, 6th February, they will
visit St. GeorLes.
January 28th, 1878.

To be loaned on approved Mortgage Securities
hamilton, 24th January, 1878.,-1 pd.

Private Board and Lods'

At Mrs. E. IL NEWMA'S,
Corner of D)undonald and Court Streets,
January 2R, 1878.-3


1 ^.? GIRL.
Apply at the Office of this Papor,
HamnilJon, Jauy. 28, 1878.


The Northumberland miners have decided to ap-
point a committee to settle the dispute with the
masters-4,375, voting in favor of the course, and
2,096 for the continuance of the strike.
LONDON, Jan. 20.-Lord Derby is much better
and will resume his duties immediately.
Higgins Challenges any Man in America. -LONDON,
Jan. 20.-John '1iggins, the champion sculler, has
issued a challenge to row Hanlan, the Canadian,
Courtney, or any man in the United States and
Provinces, a sculling race for 500 and the cham-
pionship. Race to be rowed from Putney to Mort-
lake, on the Thames, and Higgin's backers to al-
low the American oarsmen expenses.
A Counter Challenge.-ToRoNTO, Jan. 21.-The
friends of Edward Hanlan are willing to match
him to row Higgins a five mile race, two miles and
a half and repeat, for 500 aside at Toronto, and
allow him 100 for expenses, or on the Kennebe-
casis River, New Brunswick, each paying his own
Arrival of the Cleopatra Obelisk. -LONDON, Jan.
20.-The Cleopatra obelisk passed Margate this
afternoon. All hands were well. The weather is
fine and the obelisk is expected in the Thames at
The Bank of France has loaned the State a mil-
liard francs at one per cent. for the construction of
a secondary French railway.
It is officially denied from St. Petersburg that
Russia demanded as one term of peace the exclus-
ive right of passage through the Dardanelles.
IRELAND.-DUBLIN. Jan, 20.-The funeral of the
Fenian McCarthy, took place yesterday. It is es-
timated that 20,000 persons followed the remains
to the cemetery. There were 40 bands in the pro-
cession, which was the largest seen since the buri-
al of Daniel O'Connell. The other Fenians re-
cently released were among the principal mourners.
The Times' Simnitza despatch says the Danube
is now completely frozen over and that the trans-
port waggons are crossing freely on thq ice.

. I

Gr at Bargains.

To-morrow, Wednesday,
30th Instant, at Noon,
A Clearing 'Sale and positively the last one
this Month,
Where there will be found the greatest Variety
ever offered at any one time in this Market,
and something to suit every one, Viz :-
A Large Assortment of Ready-made CLOTH-
100 prs. HOSIERY 50 prs. BLANKETS
A choice lot of Nubias HOODS and JACKETS
Wool, Striped and Fancy SHIRTS
I10 Reams PAPER, Letter, Note and Foolscap
25,000 ENVELOPES, assorted
School requisites
12 Sets Light Carriage HARNESS-
I. 1 Excellent Sewing MACHINE
2 Washing MACIINES, (new invention)
2 STOVES, new and complete
And a Fresh Supply of PROVISIONS, Viz:-
Hlf. Bls. BEEF and PORK Bls. BREAD
Kegs NAILS, assorted
Hilf. Chests Oolong and English Breakfast TEA
S &c., &c., &c.
Hamilton, Jany. 29, 1878.
P. S.-Should the weather be foul on Wed-
nesday Sale will take place fist fair day
after. J. H.

+For Auction Sale of
Belonging to
,,ajor Trench, R.d.,
To-Morrow, Wednesday,
See Advertisement on second column first
page of To-day's "Gazette."
And at same time will be Sold
I The famous Hunter
Dand ,"
And a

Miflch COW,
St. George's Jany. 29th, 1878.

By Order of the Mfortgagee under a
Power of Sale,

The 8th February next, at 12 Noon, 1

A Parcel of Land,
Containing about TWO ROODS, bounded on
the North by a Public Cross Road; on the
South by Land of the Heirs or Devisees of
Pilot William Morris, deceased; on the East
by Land of the Heirs or Devisees of Charles
Hewlett, deceased; and on the West by Land
of the Heirs or Devisees of Captain William
Morris, deceased; withihe

IB5l thereon now occupied by Timothy
Further'particulars may be had of S. BROWN-
LOW GRAY, Esqr., HamilLon.
January 22, 1878.-3 p

Lime! Lime !! l ime !!


Under the Big Shed,
At 12 o'clock,

On Thursday next,
31st instant,
10 DRY-TmS Prime Shore CODFISH
S D15 Do. Broken DO.
10 Kegs American BUTTER
5 Barrels ONIONS
30 Sugar-cured HAMS
25 Dozen Tins Roast BEEF
5 Half Chests TEA 20 Bags POLLARD

1 Easy CHAIR

I Spring COT

At Same Time,
If not previously disposed of,

^ 1 Black Mare
1 Dog CART,
Set of Single HARNESS,
The Property of His Excellency Sir Astley
Cooper Key, K.C.B., F.R.S., &c.

1 White Oak

Copper fastened, 20 feet keel, with SPARS
and SAILS.
10 Pieces fine PRINTS.
Hamilton, Jany. 28th, 1878.

On Saturday next,
2nd February, 1878.

In Wood (shipped expressly for Bermuda.)
About 25 Rhds. (64 Gallons each)
Will be Sold that day.
This Lot is specially brought to the notice of
the Trade and Messes, as it must be dis-
posed of without reserve.
Sale Under the Centre Shed,
At 3 o'clock P. M.
About 50 Bags CORN.
Hamilton, 28th January, 1878.

For Sale by Tender
An Eligible Lot of LAND

Is Instructed to Sell,

"Phelan's Lot,"
Bounded on the North by a Lane, on the
South by Land occupied by Joseph Brown, on
the East by Queen Street, and on the West by
Land occupied by William Henry Griset.
Sealed Tenders for the LOT will be received
by the Undersigned up to noon of

The 7th February next,
When the highest qffer if considered adequate,
will be accepted.
Hamilton, 24th Jany., 1878.-2 3p.

Fashionable Dressmak-
'I ISS ANNIE SMITH takes this opportuni-
1 +ty of thanking her Lady Patrons and the
Public generally, .for their past favors, and to
inform them that she has removed her place of
Business from Rose Cottage to the DWELLING
HlOUSE next South of Brunswick House, Angle
Street, near Cedar Avenue, where she solicits
a continuance of same.
Hamilton, Jan. 29th, 1878.

--- Rt. 1. MILLEl
5000 BUSHELS of .

Burnt entirely with Wood, 306
FOR SALE by the Undersigned. All
IRAll persons d
CLARENCE PENISTON, address will be
Smith's Parish by applying to c

Ist Jany., 1878.-Im 3p
All Orders left at the Stores of MAsrs. J. T.
DARRELL & Co., will be attended to.

Dunscomb & Frith,
To Consigners of
P R O I! U Ei,
To above address I beg to offer my services in
facilitating Shipments, &c.
January 14th, 1878.-6 3p.

Bermuda, Janua


& Spencer,
Washington Street,
esirous of shipping to the above
afforded every accommodation
our Agent,
Reid Street, Hamilton.
ary 28, 1878.

For Sale,

A Bay Horse,
Suitable for general work,
A New Silver Mounted Single
Apply at the Office of tho Royal Gazette."
Hamilton, Jany. 29th, 1878.

Supplementary Notice of
Auction of

iliss Eliz-s Seymour,

' 5th February next,
As per Advertisement in Gazette and Colonist,

Drawing Room.
6 Cane-seat CHAIRS (ditto)
SOFA (Mahogany), Horsehair Cushion
1 Arm CHAIR 1 Do. (Cane-seat)
Mahogany CHEFFONIER (large)
Mahogany TABLE (Marble Top)
2 Glass SHADES (figured)
1 Do. DO. (plain)
LAMP (large, with Shade)
3 Curtain POLES Hearth RUG
Pair VASES Card BASKET, &c., &c.

Dining Room.
LARGE Mahogany Dining TA-
BLE, with D Ends
6 Dining Room CHAIRS
12 Dinner PLATES
3 Large DISHES 2 Vegetables
10 SAUCERS (China, figured)
8 -GUPS (ditto)
17 DO. (China, Gilt)
10 SAUCERS (ditto)
12 China PLATES (Gold, large)
12 Do. Do. (Do., small)
1 Sugar BOWL Do.
12 Plated FORKS 14 Wine Glasses
Door MATS Lot of BOOKS, &c., &c.

Bed Rooms.
-- (Four-post)
Feather BED MATTRESS (Fibre)
WARDROBE (large)
Chest of DRAWERS Feather Bolster
Oak WASHSTAND, with Drawers and Cover
2 Pairs Blankets 3 Pillows
Basin and Jug 3 Clothes Horses
Mahogany Sofa BED 4 Pairs Linen Sheets
Night CHA1R Easy CHAIR
Toilet COVER MAT, &c, &c.
Sole Surviving Executor.
St. Georges, Jany. 28th, 1878.

Business Opportunitq.

ANY GENTLEMAN who can command
Cash Capital of Pounds, one hundred, and
would like to see the World and make money,
can have this rare chance by addressing
Traveller at this Office.
State where an Interview can be had.
January 28, 1878.

Corn Corn Corn !
3/6 per Bushel-Cash.
Nos. 10 & 12 Queen St.
Hamilton, Jany. 29,1878 -1 *
Gazette only.

Landscape and Practical


MR. GEORGE SIMMs, Reid St., Hamilton.
Pruning and Propagation of Fruit Trees,
Flower Plants and Shrubs, a speciality.
Early application should be made for the
Pruning Grape Vines.
New Grounds laid out. or old remodelled.
References as to ability may be made to
James 11. This, Esq., the Mayor of St. Georges,
J. M. I hayward, Esq., or to I)r. Lough, ilamil-
Jany. 7, 1878.-I1m 3p

For Sale or Hire.

A Coventry iCYVCLE,
(Challenge No. 3), 50 inch. By Singer & Co.
For Particulars apply to
East Broadway, Hamilton.
January 29th, 1878.

Comfortable Lodging
For either a Single Gentleman or
a Lady, can be obtained in Church Street, int
this Town. Board can also be obtained if re-
For Reference apply at the Office of the
"Royal Gazette."
January 28, 1878.

For Rent.
That very Desirable and
niently Situated


rrl Dwelling HOUSE,
In Reid Street, Hamilton, known as STONE
HAVEN," with Stables, Coach House, &c.

Apply to


January 29th, 1878,

1/.. ?~


For Sale,
One )OG CART, Built at Que-
ber, fitted for Single Horse or a Pair, with
Pole, complete. Including a complete Set of
Double HARNINSS, in very good condition,
convertible into Single Harnesses at will.
A Bay M A R IE, accustomed to both
Single and Double Harness, and has been
ridden by a Lady.
A Black MA RE, accustomed to
Parade work ; will stand fire, and has been
constantly riddea by a Lady.
For further particulars apply to the FLAG
January 28, 1878.

I sincerely regret having used expressions
which seemed to convey a serious and
unjust imputation against the Character of MR.
now declare that I had no cause to impugn his-
integrity and am heartily sorry for having said
anything calculated to injure his good reputa-
tion. As the best reparation I can make I now
freely offer him every apology in my power and
willingly assent to this justification being pub-

Notice to Growers
of Bermuda Produce.
' r'HHi', Undersigned beg to offer their Services
for Receiving and Forwarding Consign-
ments of
Bermuda Produce,
To Messrs. JOHtJ .NIX 4' Co.,
Throughout the coining Crop Season."
All Shipments intrusted to our Care will have
our usual good attention.
J. T. D)A RRELL & CO.,
Hamilton, Bermuda.
January 21, 1878.-2 m. 3rd p.

Ihe Genuine Teneriffe

For 178.
r THIE UN)DERSIGNED expects toA-eceive in
SEPTEMBERI t NE'X'I, a Supply of RED
And would recommend all those who have not
yet engaged, to come forward and secure
some of the Genuiue Article.
I Hamilton, Jany. 1st, 1878.-4 3p.

For Sale,
The Property Officer about
to leave these Islands,

Mff- (On Departure)
Sound and true to Collar.

^12 COWS,
Price 12 and 10.
3 Barrow PIGS
(AIURIAGE, with POLE and
CUTTER, &c., &c.
Apply to Royal Gazette'" Olice.
-anuary 29th, -187.

Commissariat Office,
HAMILTON, BERMUDA, 28th Jany., 1878.
AL will receive Sealed Tenders, in Dupli-
cate, up to 12 o'clock, Noon,

The 8th day of February, 1878,
From Persons desirous of RENTING that
Piece of War Department Land, known as
It is situated in Pembroke Parish, on the
Road leading from Fort Hamilton to Prospect,
and contains about 1 Acre 18 Perches of Graz-
ing and Arable Land. It is now rented by
Mr. J. Barritt.
Possession can be given on the 13th Proximo.
Forms of Tender and all information can be
obtained at the above Office, daily, between
the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.
serves the right of rejecting any or all the
2 District Commissary General.

Immigration Notice.

Council Office,
3RD AUGUST, 1877.
pERSONS desirous of obtaining the Services
MESTIC SERVANTS who may be introduced
next year under the IMMIGRATION ACT, OF
1873, are hereby informed that they may enter
their Names on a List which has been opened
at THIS OFFICE for that purpose.
By order of the Board,
3 ev qr Clerk.

lenry Darrnll, Rich Th.,. Dill, Geo
W Daymon, Fraser Deshield, J E Evans, C Free-
man, J B Fox, Saml Frith, Mi-s A Griset, C W
Gauntlett, J Greenslade, Mary E Gibbons, (Bailey's
Day), W R Holney, J H Hopkins, Miry Hinson, T
Hallett,M H Healey, Joseph Ilinson, John D Hill,
Wm 0 Ingham, Hugh Janos, Sarah James, Elizi-
beth Jennings, John Kelly, Henry Lloyd, Bernardino
de Moura, W J Mellows, Fereira Mello, P A Moor,
J Oates, Jos M Place, Abraham Peterson, J Place,
J 11 Robinson, Benjamin Richardson, Octavuas
Swan, Ambrosio de Silva, Georgs Simons, Frederick
Simmons, George N Swan, Henry B Smith, Benja.
min E Smith, Jas P Silvia, Edward F Swan, Ca as
A Smith, Joseph Smith, Mrs Rich Stovel, Richard
Smith, (Bark Eliza Barss,) Win Trott, Mrs Wm F
Tiney, Miss Mary Ann Pucker, Iharlgte Tucker
Henry Trimingham, Henry Tucker, Sarah Ann
Virgin, John Virgin, Chas Williams, Jos Wellman,
Mrs Harriett Wells, Lizzie Washing'on, Thos R
Williams, Susan E Whate, Jos Webb, Louisa Wil
liame, Lenio A Yorke.
Post Office, Hamilton, Jan. 28, 1878.
A MAIL for Barbados, per H.M.S. Bellerophon
closes at the Post Office, Hamilton, on Friday next,
at 1 o'clock, p.m.
A MAIL for Jamaica, per H. M.,. S. Bullfinch,
closes at the Post Office, Hamilton, on Friday next,
at 1 p.m.
FICE, ST. GEORGE, 2Sh Jan., 1878.
E D Alexander, B Burchall, Alfred Burch, J A
Burges., W Casey, Brownlow Carriss, Joseph C
Fox, M Gould, Sarah Harvey, Samuel Holt, Edwd
Low, William H Lighthourne, Hugh Mitchell, J B
Richardson, Saml J Richardson, tIphen Richard.
son, llenry Steed, John T Smith, Gilineth Bernaro
diro Silve, John A Snyder, M E Urling, Joseph
Watkins, Charles Williams, E Zuill.

. ----



By His 'Excelleney Vta'or-
General SIR RO BER T M.
[L.S.M.1 L 4 FFA N, R.E, K.C.M.
R. M. Laffan, G., Governor, Commander-
Major-General, in- Chief, Vice-Admiral and
Governor 4 Comman.Ordinary in and over these Islands, Sc., ,c., -c,

17V^M 1 fl,EA' \ this present CoLoNIArL PAR-
SLAMENTstands l'rorogued to FRII) \Y,
the First day of February, I have thought fit
further to Prorogue, and do hereby further Pro-
rogue the said COLONIAL PARLIAMENT, to
I'UE'DAY, the 12th day of March, 1878,
of which as well the Members of the Legislative
Council as the Members of the House of As-
sembly are hereby required to take notice and
to govern themselves accordingly.
Given under my Hand and the Great
Seal of these Islands, this
Twenty-eighthday of January *
1878, and in the 41st year
of Her Majesty's Reign.
By His Excellency's Command,
Colonial Secretary.
God Save the Queen.
Colonial Secretary's Office,
JANUARY 28TH, 1878.
has received from the Right Honorable
the Secretary of State for the Colonies a copy
CIL, dated 28th December, 1866, applying the
Foreign Deserter's Act of 1852 to the Kingdom
of Madagascar.
A copy of the Order can be seen at this
By His Excellency's Command.
1 Colonial Secretary.
Colonial Secretary's Office,
JANUARY 28TH, 1878.
HIS Excellency Major-General SIR ROB-
ERT M. LAFFAN, R.E., K. C. M. G.,
has received information from the Right
Honorable the EARL OF CARNARVON, Her
Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for
the Colonies, that Her Majesty will not be
advised to exercise her power of disallowance
in respect of the following Acts of the Legis-
lature of Bermuda.
By His Excellency's Command,
Colonial Secretary. !
1877. --
No. 6.-An Act to provide Salaries for tlhe
Chief Justice and Attorney General,
13.-An Act to provide for the Salaries of the
Lighthouse Establishments.
14.-An Act for the Regulation of Light-
17.-An Act to provide for maintaining Steam
Communication between these Islands and
New York.
18.-An Act to provide for the Survey of Ships
prior to Registration.


To Farmers and Shippers of

Bermuda Produce.
The Undersigned Solicits Consignments to
Mcssrs. A. Iennett & Co.,
150 West Street, New York,
Throughout the coming Crop Season.
The usual care and attention will be observed
in receiving and forwarding Shipments. Sales
S. S. ING [,AM,
Hamilton, 15th Jany., 1878.
hs Liberal Prices will be paid for Produce
throughout the Seasoe. ". S. I.
Slamtnilton, 15th Jainy 1871.-6 3p.
flNclaimed tLeters,
J R Armstrong, Adora A Bean, WO F Bascome,
Robt Belvin, Mr Berg, Gus Brown, W C Buckley,
Joao Bettencourt, Wellhntine Benson, Helen E But.
terfield, James Bu'terfi.,ld,'Petur B.urgess, Wnm Gas.
bolt, J W Cook, Antonio Cahra!, Alfred Disco.

-- -. -- -- -- -.

I, ,,n ,': Cleveland (Ohio) H .-.7. Jai. 6.
The following thrilling letter was written by a
Russian Oflicer of the Gtuirds to a relative in this
eily. The writer had no idea when he wrote the
letter that it would ever appear in print, a circum-
stance which cives it additional interest. The
hearlrondin naceount of the fearful mutilation of a
gallant young brother oric,.r co:nfirms the worst ac-
counts we have heard of Turkish barbarity:
I have jist returned this morning from a six day's
expedition on the Sophia iond. Our (b.bject wan to
capture the. twn forlifier villages of .alnril; and
Telsh, impor.rtilt t: OOsmnn as shelter for the con-
voys firm Oie-hlanieh. DPnlnik our Second Divi-
sion took ot the point of the lmayoiiet, after a breast-
to-lea-t blnrcily conflict. This was on the 2-ibh.
Our losses weri heavy-over 8,000 killed and
wounded, but these at least were cared for by friend-
ly hands. The Turkish losses were as heavy, be-
besides 3,000 )pili'oners fallen into our hands.
Four days later our Rrst Brigade, to which my
regimpnt holones, wa order' rd toward Telsbh, eight
miles from D-.lnik. Out first squadron, comman-
ded Iy,my friend S., moved forward, accompany-
ing a regiment. of infantry and two light field pieces.
Th~y met overwhelming forces of Turks, and after
a heavy struggle fell back to await reinforcements.
We were ordered forward and S. being disabled, I
took charge of the second squadron. About three
miles ahead we overtook the remnant of our ill-fated
flisi squadron-of 500 men, hardly 140 remaining
and six officers missing. We stopped but a mo-
ment and then cantered on, along a path that every
moment grew more and more thickly strewn with
dead. Wounded we saw none. The nearest bodies
were only pinrtly stripped of their clothes and their
heads cut off, but the further we rode the ghastlier
grew the sight. The dead Turks lay as they had
fallen, but our poor comrades had been robbed and
mutilitated, in a manner too horrible to des-
Coming to a place where the road somewhat wi-
dened, about two mlles from Telsh, we halted, and
after driving away and cutting down in a short
skirmish a party of Turks who were busy robbing
our dead, we stopped to form before going on As
I rode along the front, shout out orders to my men,
an agonized cry for help arrested my attention. I
looked round. Nothing but heaps of dead every-
where, Of these none needed me. But hark! once
more, and again and again thesepiteouscries. Has-
tily dismounting, I threw the bridle over my sound
arm and ran toward some bushes from behind which
the sounds proceeded, and there, in a small pool of
clotted blood, lay that which I at first failed to re-
cognize as a human 1,being, though human it cer-
tainly was in its piteous cries, and the. seemingly.
gloved hands that clutched air and earth in their
agony. The rest, from the in aist upward, was one
mass of raw quivering flesh-the face featureless,
eyelids and eyes cut out, the man flayed alive, all
but the honds, whose white skin at first gave the
impression of their being loved. This gha.lly ob-
ject lay a few steps from a dead horse, one of our
own regiment's golden bays. Faint at heart I bent
over the sufferer, evidently one of our own men, but
now mangled beyond recognition. He prayed for
death with his poor torn lips, and in a minute more
W., our surgeon, and two moreof our c.ffer'rs were
by my side. I mrede room for W., who stooped for
a few seconds over our conirade, and then rising
sadly shook his head, muin muting, No help."
A sudden impulse piompited me to seize the poor
helpless hand in my own, and pressing it whisper a
few wordsof comfort. Atthe sound of myvoicecame
the sadder appeal: "Nicolai, for old friendship's
sake send a bullet through my heart." This voice
sounded so strangely familiar, and yet I could not
recognize it. 'Who are you ?" "Alexis S."
Alexis, nmy old schoolmate, who had a few hours
ago shared my breakfast by our, bivouac fire, and
then rode away, handsome and bold, at the head of
our gallant first squadron. He had fallen wo.und-
ed, helpless,. his horse shot under him, and the
fiendish Turks were slowly tot turning him to death
when our approach drove them away. Clasping
* my harn in his he sill begged for death, My re-
volver was empty, discharged in the scuffle a few
moments before. I looked at W., who silently
drew out his, anul, shuddeiing in. every nerve,
placed the muzzle against S.'s breast and, with
with ave: ted face, fired twice in succession, while I
stillpressed the poor hand in mine. We wrapped
him up in my cloak, and placinghim in the shallow
ditch rolled a boulder over him, and then, with our
hands still moist with his blood, we swore to each
other never to empty the Inst chamber of our pis-
tols, but always to reserve a shot for ourselves and
friends should any of us, wounded, have to be left
behind. May a quick death-a soldier's death-
be ours.
As I rode away I thought of S.'s young wife and
of my own, a few weeks' brides, one widowed, the
other likely to be, and my heart burned with indig-
nation within me as I thought how, in the face of a
warfare waged by the Turks with such fiendish,
savage atrocity, any civilized nation, any paper
edited in a Christian land, would ever have the
heart to waste their sympathies upon the Moslems.


"'Five Years' Penal Servitude" is the title of a
book recently published in London, and written by
"one who endured it." The London Times says :
"To very i eu ark able pieces of information as to
life in a prison come out in this v.lIume, illustrat-
ing the inco-nsiste.eif-s of human nature, and show-
ing that the public feeling, if it may be so termed,
in a convict prison may in some features be as high
as in the best ordered community. One is that it
is not etiquette among.piisoneis to ask a man what
he is 'in for.' If a man likes to be communicative
on the subject of his own, affairs that is another
thing; but until he is no questions are to be asked.
It appears to us that this custom shows a delicacy
of feeling and a respect for those who may feel re-
pentance Fnd shame for their crimes which a few
would have expected to find among criminals, and
must certainly indicate that those who lay down
and those who follow such a rule of conduct can-
not be altogether and entirely corrupt and irre-
claimable. The other is 'the respect the men paid
to those who had the courage to go .upon their
knees morning and night to pray.' He is speaking
of bis first night in the room in which at that time-
some of the prisoners at Dartmoor lived in associa-
tion, and he says:-
Here were sixty-eight men and two officers.
Now, who, thought 1, will have the moral courage
to face sneers and derision, or jokes, and kneel be-
fore he begins his day's work or lays his head upon
his pillow? I-thought of this just before bed time.
Presently a bell sounded. Tables down," called
the warder. The warder's voice is heard
again. "Men who wish to say their prayers, one
step to the rear. Silence and order for prapers."
Five minutes was the time allowed and by that time
all the men had finished their petitions to their
Heavenly Father and had risen to their feet, re-
suming their places in the ranks. I was most agree-
ably surprised at seeing so many. I think, on an
average, there was nearly one-fifth of the whole.
I never once heard a remark from the most hard-
ened in derision or disparagement of this prac-
ice,' '

I rane indeed are tio dispensa;ion11 and ways of f
Pmriov.,ue.. WVhoc'vcr could bare t,.i':'.t that. P 1'- .S, .Uff t f(b
the sa o i -., llis Empcrnr, toward ;. ,* we
c(rtii' '.v were not, since December, 1'"I, well C- 1
di.lstl, am'.in-t whom so much was and could be hippig and O lmmission
said, whose life had been so eln,:clkete.1, could from
outward cieunimsances, innd his own sincere, D I fC 1 .fC ,' 4 01
straightforward conduct toward this country, and No. 29 BaoAnwAY,
moderation and wisdom generally, become not only Agents for NEW YORK.
the stan,.hest ally and friend of England, but our bec& Gulf Ports S. S. Co.,
perr benal friend. I have since talked frequently Nw Yorkand West India vision.
with Albert, who is naturally much calmer, and a s
particularly much less taken by people, much. less Jany. 7, 1878.
under personal influence, than I am. He quite
admits that it is extraordinary how very much at- M f
tnelic-d one becomes to the Emperor, when one lives I
with him quite at one's ease and intimately, as we
have done din ing the last 10 days, for 8, 10,12, Bse
and to-day, even 14 hours a day. He is so qulet, Portland, in Casks of 4 Bushels
so simple, naif even, so pleased to be informed Rosendale, in Barrels,
about things which he does not know, so gentle,
so full of tact, dignity, and modesty, so full of res- AT LOW RATES FOR CASH.
peet and kind attention toward us, never saying a S. S, ING H A Mr & CO.
word, or driving a thing, whbimh could put me out or
embarrass me. I know few people whom I have Hamilton, Dee, 18, 1877.
felt involuntarily more inclined to confide in and
speak unreservedly to--I should not fear saying mne
anylting to him.. I felt-I do not know how to (Uh ney S wteptng.
express it-snfe with him. His society is particu-
larly augieealle and pleasant; there is something F [ HE Undersioned having re-
fascinating,melancholy, and engaging, which draws
you to him, in spite of any prevention you may have ceived a Patent (HIMNEY SWVEEl-
against him, and certainly without the assistance ING MACIlINE from New York, is prepared
of any outward advantages of appearance, though to
1 like his face. He uni]dobedly has a most extra- Sw eep C him neys
ordinary power of attaching people to him The Swv eep C him neys
children are very fond of him; to them also his
kindness was very great, but at the same time most At Moderate Rates in any part of the Island.
judicious. Then, he is so fond of Albert, appreci- GEORGE OAKLEY.
ates him so thoroughly, and shows him so much G R O A .
confidence. In fine, I shall always look back on Iamilton, April 2nd, 1877.
this visit to France, not only on account of the
delightful and splendid things we saw and enjoyed, For Rent,
but on the time we passed with the emperor, as
one of the pleasantest and most interesting periods The Comfortable and Pleasantly
of my life! The Empress, too, has a great charm, Situated
and we are all very fond of her."-The Life of
Prince Albert, Martin. DW EL I NIN G

E.MIGRATION DOES NOT AFFECT LANGUAGE.- In the Town of Hamilton, now occupied by
Judging from history, it would scarcely be too Mr. N. O. DURHAM.
much to say that no amount of known emigration Possession given 5h January 7.
has ever been sufficient to eradicate a language, or Possession given 5h January 1878.
even to destroy its grammatical anatomy. The Apply to
language of a people is too deeply rooted in all its J E. E VANS
habits of thought and life to be driven out by At the Paint Shop,
conquerors and invaders. Modifications it un- At the Paint Shop,
doubtedly effects, but they are for the most part Next Cor. of Queen and Reid Street.
superficial. Each country digests its conquerors Ilamilton, Novr. 19th, 1877.
and changes their language into its own. The
invasion of England by the Normans, with all their For Rient,
power and numbers, while it enriched the vocabu-
lary of the English, did not vitally change the R ose Cotta e
structure of their language. To this very day the i
Welsh speak their own language, and the Gaelic
.1 ,i ioh .i A. r... ,UoJ.....n...te, from Comnletelvy furnished, with Out-

anIU .r.I 1 D l i exAis, seUUp J m I tiy sep rtl t1 1UtLv U
Engli-h. The two streams run along together,
side by side, but they scarcely mingle. The enor-
mous emigration of Germans in America has failed
to l'i d nce more than the most trivial influence on
the English speech. One of two results always
takes place: either the language of the invaders
supplants that of the people invaded, or directly
the contrary. They would, not mix and make a
new composite, except under the most extraordi-
nary circumstances. Language is like a living
*tree. which grows and new foinms; but
it does not change its vital structure and character.
-North American Review.

I-. ". Hayward 4 Co.,
General Shipping and
Commission iL ' (P. 0. BOX 3709.)
R. W. IHAYWARD, New York.
F. D. S. NASH.

* lanl, Nons & Co.,

Turtle Grove, Dartmouth. I 36 & 38 Duke St., Halifax.
Sole Agent for Bermuda,
St. George's.
( A Large Stock (Hhds. & Bris.,) ALE
and POR.TPER on hand and just received per
Steamer Beta."
.December 31, 1877.--5

John B. Newman,

Reid Street,

- iltunilton.

(Nearly opposite the" Royal Gazette" Olice.)
General I-'arnesS Maker and

Carriage T'IM i'V R and UPHO TEItE R.
M\X\ l' !'It;S.EES t;ade to order.
N. 1B.-Neti.-ss, Strength and Punctuality
Guaranteed at the above,.lstaiblishment.
Ilamilton, Dec. 1st, 1877.-3m.



The Dwelling House
In Town of Hamilton,
At present occupied by Mrs. Louisa Bennett.
Possession given in January noxt.
Apply to
Hamilton, Dec. 18, 1877.

I9 r Sale.

,A Splendid Saddle

Would Suit any Gentleman of the Bermuda
Hunt Club, who would require ai good iHunter.
Apply to
St. George's Hotel.
St. George's, 18th Dec., 1877.

houses, Stables and Coach I louse, convenient-
ly situated and being in the 'Township o(f St.
Georges, in its own grounds.
Immediate possession given.
Apply to'

St. Georges, 12th November, 1877.


For Rent,
desirable Property in Paget

At present occupied by MAJOR WVILKINSON,
D.C.G. Possession given Ist January next.

Apply to

November 3, 1877.


I I Rose Cottage,
A pleasantly located Dwelling in West War-
wick, near Riddle's Bay.
For particulars apply to
Front St., Hamilton.
December 22, 1877.

The Standard of
the World.

Adapted to the Standard of all Nationis, Packed
ready for Shipping.

World's Fair, London
, World's Fair,' New York
World's Fair, Paris
World's 'Fair, Vienna
Woi Id's Fair, Santiago, (Chili)
World's Fair, Philadelphia
World's Fair, Sydney, Australia,


The best Feeder known for Stationary, Mai ine,
and Locomotive Boilers, &c.,) also
Oscillating Pump Co.'s Pump.
October 16th, l7'7.-6Mn

-'heodore Outerbridge,

Reid Street, \Vest of Royal Gazette" Office.
Office Ilours-10 to 12 and I to 4.
Will Visit St. Georges, Tuesdays and Fri-
Orders Ptromptly Attende-i to.
Hamilton, October 26th, 1876.

i~ .





'A E1 -i



Branch Establishment, St. George.

T HE Proprietor of the above Es-
ainbisliient hiaving inst returned by the
" Canimna" from New York, and brought '.\ifli
him a number of NEW CARRIAGES and
Stylish YOUNG HORSES to add to hisanlridy
well selected Stock, begs to thank the Public ot
Bermuda generally for their past Patronage and
hopes for a continuance cf the same.
Strangers visiting the nlain,.l are piarticnilirly
re'lniestedl to call andl give the above Estihliilh-
ment a trial before going elsewhere.
Hamilton, Sept. 19th, 1876.

&' Shoes,


Also SLIPPERS ingre-at variety
LAMP3 of the latest improvement,
Five Doors West of Gazette" Office,
In James Riclh::'dori's Store. -
Hamilton, Nov. 20, 1877.

J. & E. Atkinson's

celebrated for nearly a century past, is of the very
best English manufacture. For its purity and great
excellence it has obtained the following i
LoNDON, 1862. PARIS, 1867. ConrivA-, l-2.
LIMA, 1872. VIENr 1873.

dtkinson's Choice Perfumes for
'Vhite Rose, Fr:niiigi;aiiie, Ylang Yl.iij'', Stephano
tis, Opopanax, Jockey Cinb, Eqs. Bouqiet,
Trevol, Ulagnolia, Jasmin, Wood Vio-
And all other odours, of the finest quality only.

CeI1i'wvted V:an de 'oloC i e
is strongly recommended, being more lasting and
fragrant than the Germinn kinds.
A T K I1N 0 N S
celebrated for so iin'.\ years, continues to be made
as heretofore. it is strongly Perfumed, and will be
found very durable in use.
ard other specialli'o .ind general articles o'f Perfu--
mery may be obtained of all dealers throughout the
World, and of the Manufactirers,

CAUTION.-Messrs. J. & E. ATKINSON manu-
facture their articles, of one and the best quality
only. Purchasers are cautioned to avoid counter-
feits by observing that each article is labelled with
the Firm's Trade Mark, "a White Rose on a
Golden Lyre;" printed in seven colourrs.
April 11, 1876-12m If




P rintinu

I"o ~?

C L[,N,, \T .I .E.EN.TOWN,
Carr vinl tTe United States Mail

from New York
0O'N T E .9S-) AY.
St e a s h i p s$
NEVADA. sails -anv. 15, at 2 p.m.
I)DAllO sails Jany. 2?, at 8 a.m.
WYOM:ING sails Jaiy. 29. at :2 p.m. ..
WISCONSIN sails Felhy. 5, at 7 a.m.
MONI.TANA -ils Feby. 1-, at Noon.

iThe ;lve SIt-.a iers ae )built eppressly for
the Trade, have fi've '.'aterti: ht bulkhea'ds, and
carry experieneeld ( )licers. Surgeons and stew- The Salo'.n Accnmmnnodationsare un-
surpa;eised by anyv Ailantic Steamers, and the
SiLae Rooi ms arc .on main l!L-ck opening into the
Io,)-n, lIth, s st-en'rinig that great coihifort in
ocean travel, perf icl v'lilalion amd lighl.
The U. S. Mail tearimer '" Caniiiua" from Bjr,.
nIuds, Thuriidays, *;.enerailly arrives at New York
on Monday, and Passengers' bai.age can be
transferred dlirect to ihe Liverpool Steamer sail-
in next d :y.
29 Broadway, New York.
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Protec'liou a-Agfin.'vt' F IRE
.i *'!i: ',;O.S I'n 1':R:\T IKAT'r
Can be obi.iaed from the
of Lonon,

QO,, of the lor .It IEstablished and 'Wealthiest
Ot ieis in( Great Britain.

i T!I'gthe lB 1! \NCt! OFFICE in these
Islanidis, a Shving is eflceted to the Insured
of the Stamp D-it., a very considerable item.
RISKS'taken both nmil iB AL and PERSONAL
PI l u'''rV i-,.,i 3, 6 or 12 months.
N.; iEESand no CdIARGE for Policies.

i1. ,;it ,", September 9th, 1865.



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upplement to te hernia oyal &Gazette, Hamilton, Tuesday, January 29, 1878.

/The Press-Its Productions and Mc-
/ imam isnm.
/ Written expressly for the Bt ri'muda Royal Gazette]
We purpose presenting a few interesting facts
respecting the invention and improvement of Print-
ing, and the varieties of curious productions of the
Press which illustrate the progress of mechanical
appliances. The Caxton Celebration held last year
in London was a rare loan collection of antiquities,
curiosities and appliances connected with the art
of printing. The Catalogue, edited by George Bul-
len, F.S.A., Keeper of the Printed Books in the
British Museum, is a valuable record. So much
care was taken to secure accuracy that the original
edition was not circulated, owing to the detection
of errors, and it was not till near the close of the
exhibition that the Catalogue was fully revised and
circulated. We shall make free use of it, as well
as of other works bearing on the subject, our ob-
ject being to condense in a readable shape what
may not be within the reach of many of our read-
ers, but which nevertheless will prove attractive to
The researches of Mr. William Blades have given
us the most reliable information on Caxton, of
whose life we know comparatively little. To Cax-
ton belongs the honour of having printed, not only
the first book in English, but also the first book in
,hrlie French language. William Caxton was born
', in the Weald of Kent at 1422.3. It is supposed,
from his education, that his parents were of the
respectable class. The first reliable date we have
is 1438, when,'being about sixteen years of age, he
was apprenticed, according to the customs of the
City of London, to Robert Large, a member of the
Mercer's Company. This rich merchant, afterwards
Lord Mayor, lived at the corner of the Old Jewry,
nearly pp..ikt- the end of Basinghall Street, had a
family of four sons and two daughters, with eight
apprentices and two assistants who were out of
their time. On his death, 1441, Caxton inherited
a legacy of 20 marks, about 150, which enabled
him to go to Bruges, where English merchants
were much favored by Philip le Bon, who, in 1446,
granted them great privileges under the name of
the English nation. In 1450, it appears by the
Bruges Records, Caxton became surety for X110,
equal to ten times that sum in our present money
values, whence it is concluded that he prospered in
business. In 1453 he came to London, and was
admitted to the Livery of the Mercer's Company.
In 1462 Caxton appears as "Governor of the Eng-
lish Nation Abroad," a most important position at
Bruges, the centre of the wool trade, which gave
him authority over all the English- merchants in
the Duke of Burgundy's dominions, who were as-
sociated together as M'erchant Adventurers." In
1464 Caxton was nominated, with Sir Robert White-
hill, as Ambassador to the Duke of Burgundy, con-
cerning a trade treaty which was not concluded till
1468, when Caxton was one of the three ambassadors
who arranged it. In 1467, on the death of his father
Philip le Bon, Charles le Temeraire succeeded tc
the Dukedom and married Margaret, sister of Ed-
ward IV of England, who in 1470 took refuge in
Bruges from the machinations of the Earl of War-
wick, for some six months. In March, 1469, Cax-
ton, "to avoid sloth and idleness," began to trans-
late Le Recueil des Histoires de Troye, "a very
favourite romance of that period.* In March, 1471,
the Duchess of Burgundy, whose service Caxton had
entered, on resigning his governorship, in what
capacity is unknown, commanded him to continue
his translation of Lo Recueil, which he completed
on the 19th September, 1471. The work was a
success, and it was his inability to supply manu-
script copies that made him have recourse to the
*press of Colard Mansion, who, about 1472-3, com-
menced printing at Bruges. Where Colard Man-
sion learnt the art, is still a mystery. Gutenberg
and Schceffer's 'styles are so superior to his that he
could hardly have been a pupil of either. It is
therefore supposed that typography was independ-
ently invented in Holland. Colard Mansion, a clever
engraver, caligrapher and illuminator in the pay of
the Duke Philip the Good, set up a press in a small
room over the porch of the Church of St. Donatus at
Bruges, where he also manufactured with skill the
punches and matrices required in type-founding;
Caxton put himself under the tuition of Colard
Mansion, learning the art by setting up with his
own hands the type of the English Recueil, and
partaking of the manual labour of its actual im-
I have practised and learned," he says, at my
great charge and dispense, to ordain the said book
in print after the manner and form you may here
6.-Lefevre Raoul. The Recuyell of the H-isto-
ries of Troye translated 1469-71. Without place
or date of printing but probably at Bruges about
1474. Folio.
Lent by the Duke of Devonshire. In a glass
case alone on a velvet cushion, being the first book
printed in the English Language, during the printing
of which as Caxton says in his Epilogue to Book II,
he learnt his new art. This copy has the auto-
graph of Elizabeth Grey, Queen of Edward IV.,
and cost 1000 guineas at the Roxburghe Sale in
1812. The original vellum cover is bound up with
7.-Second copy, lent by Earl Spencer, first page
printed in red ink.
8.-4th copy. Lent by the Pres. and Governors
of Sion College, London.
11.-Lefevre Raoul. Le Recueil des Historie de
Troye, compose en lan de grace 1464. Without
printer's name, place or date, but probably printed
at Bruges about 1476. Folio.
Lent by Her Majesty the ^Queen. This is the
first book printed in French, and is believed by many
bibliographers to have been printed by Colard

9.-Cessolis, Jacobus de. The game and play of
the Chess moralized. First edition translated in
1474. Without printer's name, date or place, but
about 1475. Folio.
Lent by Earl Spencer. This also was probably
- printed at Bruges by Caxton and Mansion.
There is very little about chess in the work, each
,:iparat? piece being used merely as a peg whereon
to hang an anecdotal essay on the various duties of
13.-Lefevre Raoul. Les Fais de Jason. With-
out printer's naine, place or date. Printed at Bru-
gesjprobably by Colard Mansion'about 1476-7. Folio.
Lent by the Provost and Fellows of Eton College.
This is the only copy in England. There are
two in Paris.
Of all the books issued by Caxton only one third
have the date of imprint plainly stated. Placing
these dated books by themselves in chronological
order, we find they naturally fall into eight clearly
defined classes.
Type No. l.-The Bruges printed books for which
onte type only was used, which m"'Wes its first ap-
pearance in the Recuyell."
Type No. 2.-The first type used at Westminster
of which the first ediction of the Dictes" 1477 is
the representative. It lasted no longer than the
end of 1478, after which it disappears. A recast
with variations, lasted from "the Cordial" in 1479
to "Tully" in 1481.
Type No. 8-was used from 1479 to 1484 for head
lines. It was a missal type and unsuited for the
text of books generally.
Type No. 4-makes its first appearance in the
chronicles of 1480, and goes out of use with the
" Confessio" in 1484. A recast of No. 4 appears first
in the Knight of the Tower" 1483, and last in
"Iaris and Vienne" December 1485, although it is
probable that books without date were printed in
ft for two years later.
A para pase of the leading passages of the Iliad,
wriftin hv fAnni le Fevre. Chaplain to Philin le Bon.

Type No. 5-begins with the Book of Good
Manners," 1487, the last dated book being the
"Doctrinal" of 1489.
Type No. 6-wl.ich is No. 2 altered, comes in
with "Fayts of Arms" 1489, and lasts over Caxton's
death, being used by his successor, Wynken de
A study of the typographical habits of the work-
men still further assists classification, such as
Lines of uneven length found in all Caxton's first
productions and entirely discontinued in 1480.
The use of printed signatures not earlier than
1480-the paragraph mark not used by Caxton till
1483-the great device first used in 1487, the small
one after Caxton's death.
Wood cut embellishments began with Parous Ca-
tho in 1480 and printed initials in 1483.
In this way, by a most careful study, dates have
been assigned to the 103 productions known to have
emanated from Caxton's Press.
Colard Mansion cast a new fount of type for
Caxton, with which was printed in 1476. "Les
Quatres derrenieres choses qui south advenir"-to
test its capability, after which it was packed up and
taken to England.
Caxton now severed the ties which bound him to
Flanders and the Rhineland after a residence of
over thirty years, and undeterred by the approaches
of age, resolved on a new career. He rented a
house called "the Red Pale" in the Almonry of
Westminster, situate a few score yards West South
West of the Abbey Towers probably because
Westminster was the seat of the great wool staple
and where the Mercer's Company held property.
Caxton probably commenced to print there towards
the latter end of 1476-In 1477 he issued.
16.-The Dictes and notable wise Sayings of the
Philosophers First edition, without colophon.
"Emprynted by me Wylliam" Caxton, at West-
mestre 1477. Folio of 76 Leaves."
Lent by S. Christie Miller, Esq. This book is
placed alone in a glass case on a velvet cushion, be-
ing the first book from Caxton's press with Printer's
name, and with place and date of printing, thus
*forming the foundation stone of the present Cele-
17.-A second copy lent by W. Amhurst, Tyssen
' Amhurst.
18.-This copy lent by Earl Spencer, is unique in
having the colophon of the second edition, but in
different type, printed on the last page.
The author or translator was the Queen's Brother
Lord Antony Woodville, Earl Rivers governor of the
Prince of Wales. The History of Jason," ano-
ther of Raoul le Fevre's productions, dedicated with
Caxton's usual policy to the Prince of Wales, our
to-coming sovereign lord "-" that he may begin
therein to learn to read English."-In Hal-
liwell's Letters of the Kings of England, are pre-
l served the instructions given by Edward IV to
Earl Rivers, as tutor to his son in 1475. It is di-
rected that there should be "read unto him such
noble stories as behoveth to a prince to understand
and know."-Probably "The Book of the Whole
Life of Jason," may have been one of the stories
used in this way, which in some sort celebrates the
institution of the order of the Golden Fleece by the
Duke Philip. In the prefaces to several of his pub-
lications, Caxton indulges in some personal gossip.
In the prologue to the Jason he rather imitates
Froissart by a description of some arras hangings
in the hall of Hesdin Castle, in Artois, executed
and placed there by order of Philip the Good, in
which were the exploits of Jason in search of the
Golden Fleece. No fewer than fifty-four publica-
tions are known to us published at Westminster,
several running through two and even three edi-
tions-19 religious books, 9 relate to morality, 4
historical and biographical, 6 poetical, 10 romances,
6 miscellaneous. Blades, omitting the publications
at Bruges, estimates the produce of Caxton's Press,
above 18,000 pages, nearly all folio size. One book
was written and twenty-two were translated by
himself, and he had just finished the translation of
another when he died. His industry, therefore,
must have been wonderful. Between 1477 and
1480 Caxton issued a singular adv-rti-.-in i t worth
"If it plese ony man spiritual or temporal to bye
ony pyes of two and there comemoracios of Salisburi
use enpryntid after the forme of this preset lettre
which ben wel and truly correct, late hym come to
Westmonester in the Almonerrye at the reed pale,
and he shal haue them good chepe."
The Pies were Calendar tables (also called Picas)
Switch rubrical directions relating to Church Services
on Saint's Days, and the two or three commemora-
tions were an accumulation of two or three obser-
vances in one day, in which case certain combina-
tions and omissions of proper collects were for bre-
vity's sake, permissible. Caxton deciphered for
John Esteney the Abbot of Westminster, English
then held to be old. To-day we experience the
same difficulties as the Abbot making out Caxton's-
English. Caxton was nobly and richly patronized.
Edward IV. ordered 30, equal now to some 400,
to be paid to him out of the Exchequer, "for cer-
tain causes and matters performed by him for the
said Lord the King," and the "Tully on Old
Age," and Godefroy of Boulogne"-were printed
under the King's protection. The rapidity with
which he executed his tasks varied considerably,
ranging from seven weeks for printing Corydale"
(152 pages), to eleven :.i.'Lth for Good Manners"
(132 pages.) When nearly seventy years of age
he undertook the translation of "Vitas Patrum,"
and just managed to finish it before he died.
Wynken de Worde his successor, published it with
this colophon : Thus endyth the most vertuouse
hystorye of the devoute and right renowned lyves
of holy faders lyugnge in desert, worthy of remem-
brance to all well dysposed persons which hath be
translated route of French into Englisshe by Wil-

liam Caxton of Westmynstre, late deed, and
fynyshed at the last daye of hys lyff." He was
buried in St. Margaret's Church Yard and a monu-
ment erected in St. Margaret's Church to his me-
mory by the Roxburghe Club in 1819. He left a
Will which has not been found, for the Parish ac-
counts mention fifteen copies of the Golden Legend"
"bequothen to the chirch, behove by William Caxa-
ton." As it was the custom for English merchants
abroad, to live a life of celibacy, and as he wrote a
bitter satire on women, it is thought he was never
married. As his chief workman, Wynken de
Worde, succeeded to his plant, it is supposed he left
no children. The exact date of his death is un-
known, but the entry in St. Margaret's Parish Re-
cords, leads us to think of 1491-in a measure con-
firmed by a very old manuscript note in a book
mentioned by Ames, Of your charitee pray for the
soul of Mayster Wyilyam Caxton, that in hys tyme
was a man of moche ornate and moche renommed
wysdome and connyng, and discussed ful crystenly
the yere of Our Lord MCCCCLXXXXI-" The
times of Caxton were full of perturbation. What
with popular risings, war with France, contests for
the throne between the houses of York and Lancas-
ter; and on the Continent, the French determina-
tion to expel the English, the struggles of the Kings
of France against their nobles, the rivalries and
feuds between Louis XI and Charles the Bold, and
the German Emperor, no one of any class was sure
of dying peacefully in his bed. Caxton, in the case
of many of those with whom he was brought into
close relations, must have been impressed with the
miseries and perils attendant on high position, and
the mutability of human affairs generally, It is sad
to recall the fates of several of the personages
whose names are associated with the books which
he printed. The Duke of Clarence, to whom the
first edition of "The Game and Playe of Chesse"
was dedicated, was secretly put to death in the
Tower, plunged, it was currently reported, into a
butt of Malmesey Wine. The Prince of Wales, ad-
dressed in the Book of Jason, was suffocated alone-

with his young brother, also in the Tower: and the
Earl of Rivers was ruthlessly beheaded at Pomfret.
For Richard III, slain on the field of Bosworth, we
feel less compassion. The other young Prince of
Wales, Arthur, son of Henry VII, to whom the
2Eneid was presented, never ascended the throne.
Caxton is one of the few characters in the history
of England who have moulded themselves into
shape with some distinctness in the imagination of
most Englishmen. He lives and moves, a real per-
son in their minds, individually recognizable, like
Alfred, like Chaucer, like Shakspeare himself."-
(Canon Seadding's Address at the Canadian Institute,
Caxton Celebration, 1877.)
(To be continued.)


(From the London Correspondent of the Bermuda
Royal Gazette.)
It may not be exactly a novelty to your readers
to learn that the subject of engrossing interest just
now is the question-" Peace or War ?" It is sur-
prising what a variety of opinions there are on the
subject throughout the length and breadth of the
British Empire, but on one point all are pretty well
agreed, viz., that so soon as British interests are
threatened, then must England at once and boldly
cry, Hold! Enough!" The difficulty lies, though,
in defining what British interests are,-where they
commence and where the vitality ceases. I have
every reason to fear that except an insight is
gained as to the terms on which Russia would be
willing to consent to a settlement and a lasting
peace, the early assembling of our Parliament will
prove noisy enough but be barren of results.
Looking at public opinion in the daily papers, I
should feel inclined to believe that armed interven-
tion on the part of England is still a long way off:
for although a war spirit is manifested loudly and
persistently enough in certain quarters, I believe
the mass either do not apprehend the evil intentions
of Russia clearly enough, or else they are more
content to allow events to develop themselves, even
to the risk of finding our ancient foe, the Russians,
at Constantinople some morning, and then and
there dictating a peace inimical to our most che-
rished interests, without permitting us the smallest
voice in the preliminaries. Then, and then only,
does it appear probable would the Gladstonites allow
their effervescent energy to drift into a war cry
against the Russian victors ; and if we only reflect
on the past policy of the Russian Cabinet, so full
of duplicity in matters diplomatic, it is scarcely
wisdom, I think, to trust too far in the utterances
of Prince Gortschakoff that British interests will
be respected in the broadest sense, as defined by
Lord Derby in the spring of last year, even when
the Russian hosts are'in the investing lines of Con-
stantinople-when the valorous Turk has spent his
last round of ammunition, and when in the frenzy
of desperation and the despair of a lost cause, the
Sultan proposes capitulation on any terms. All
this will undoubtedly occur sooner or later, if Rus-
sia is left to its own devices; for there is no doubt
whatever but that, even now, Russia would demand
concessions which could not be granted except at
the last extremity: the Sublime Porte, meanwhile,
is not unaware of the position which England af-
fects to hold, and in the fulness of the belief that
sooner or later England must assert herself and
rally to her assistance, she will allow the war to
drift and drift until such a crisis arrives. Let us
look calmly at the state of affairs at that moment.
In the first place we shall find the vitality of the
Turk probably crushed, and at any rate, unfit for
further offensive measures; we shall find our stern
duty before us in the shape of driving back 500,000
Russians flushed with victory, and on the pinnacle
of an ambition fostered for years and years-com-
pleting their homogenity as a Nation in Europe,
and after all but a poor substitute for the drain of
blood and treasure; we shall find Austria fully
satisfied with Russian assurances, Germany and
Italy complacent and "expectant, France quiescent,
and England alone in the breach! and worse than
all, unprepared!
This looks like plagiarism from The Battle of
Dorking," and certainly not the result hoped for by
the greater number of Mr. Gladstone's followers;
who, rather than incite hopes of assistance in the
Turkish mind, would infinitely prefer a general dis-
armament. Such dust as this even in the vigilant
eyes of Turkish officials would not avail now to
prevent their seeing the whole artifice, as they de-
serve a little more credit for wily diplomacy than
to be thus taken in,-our interests are too patent.
Seeing our present inactivity of none effect, as
regards the Turk, would it not be more politic, I
would ask, to adopt an armed neutrality, mobilize
the troops we now possess, and augment the num-
ber of effective bayonets by about 30,000, so as to
be in readiness for any emergency, and make the
remonstrances, mediation, or demands of our Fo-
reign Secretary, respected thereby. We could then
afford to take our own time for interference,
(which I venture to predict, would not arise), cement
an alliance with Austria, and in the end, perhaps,
increase our 1st Class Army Reserve, by the addi-
tion of the above-mentioned 30,000-all at the small
outlay of a few millions, and by taking Time by
the forelock. This, I believe I am correct in say-
ing, is in harmony with the Premier's ideas; and it
is asserted that Her M1ajesty also desires the*policy
of the late Prince Consort, which the above would
practically support.
Conscription, however, is such a bugbear, appa-
rently, that opposition to warlike preparations will
be fiercely and energetically pronounced in the
House of Commons when it assembles; and it is
expected that if the Ministry stakes its existence on
material assistance to the Porte, or increase to the

fighting power of the country, it may lead to an ap-
peal to the constituencies. Thus we stand in a
state of feverish excitement.
The depression in trade and commerce, which so
convulsed the social fabric of the United States
last year, is telling with fearful effect in the mining
districts of Wales: in the South alone out of 500
collieries but 20 are in regular working time, and
the centres of the iron trade are almost as deplora-
ble. Indeed, the famine has stricken many hun-
dreds of homes already, and the prospect ahead
admits of but little encouragement. What course
to adopt under the circumstances is a problem
which scarcely aught but miraculous intervention
will assist to elucidate; for temporary charity will
not suhi.-, to stem so great an affliction. Our
effete (?) people though, unlike our American cou-
sins, refrain from social anarchy, and calmly suffer,
with all the fortitude of noble hearts, a calamity un-
usually severe; at the same time they strive earn-
estly and hopefully in all directions to mitigate or
surmount it. Pray GoD they are successful.
From all points of view, you see, the prospects,
on the opening of the new year, appear unusually
gloomy, and at present our only hope is in a reac-
tion, but from whence we may expect this, is en-
tirely unknown.
The weather is certainly maild for this time of
year, but I daresay we shall feel its effects ere long
in the opposite manner. Christmas has been cele-
brated heartily, and according to ancient custom
amongst our prosperous classes; and your military
readers will be pleased to learn that amidst the
jollity and decorations Absent Comrades" received
a hearty ovation.
The new pattern helmets are now being worn by
some of the Royal Artillery at home, and are con-
sidered generally a decided improvement in the
matter of head-dresses. The Army Service Corps
are to receive a few on trial in April next, and the
Infantry, with the exception of Fusilier Regiments,
and probably the Rifle Brigades, will aLso be fur-
nished at an early date. It has also been decided

to effect a slight alteration in the dress generally
of the Army Service Corps, Ordnance Store Depart-
ment, by the substitution of red piping in lieu of
the white as now worn, and an Austrian knot on
the cuffs of the tunic. The Commissariat Branch,
I understand, will remain without alteration, the
object being to assimilate it as nearly as possible to
that of the officers of the respective Departments.
The war news of active operations in the field,
owing to the inclemency of the weather, is very
meagre; but the Russians are pushing forward
vigorously and at all hazards. Sofia has been cap-
tured, with the comparatively trifling loss of 24 men,
but the loss of life, through frost in the mountain
passes, attained a high average. From all this haste
on the part of the Russian Commanders, it might
easily be inferred that Russian resources are pretty
well used up, and that the dread of another cam-
paign with the resuscitated and recruited Osmanlis
is severely entertained. The latter, notwithstand-
ing, are massing all their-available forces at Adria-
nople, and it is expected that here another "Plev-
na" defence will be organized. The longer time
they are allowed to perfect their dispositions, the
worse it will prove for the Muscovities, and this
may be the goad which urges on the latter, although
the previous reason would seem equally probable.
J. S. H.
London, 7th January, 1878.

For the Royal Gazette.

DEAR EDITOn,-Nothing but a severe attack of
gout would have prevented me from contributing
my usual budget to the Royal Gazette," and now
I will make up for lost time. The Bermuda wea-
ther has lately been subjected to some severe crit-
icisms, but after all's said and done where in the
world will you find anything to beat the cold wea-
ther here ? Not a day's hunting has been stopped
by it. The soldier officers tell me that many and
many days (running into weeks) has the hunting
at home been stopped by Jack Frost.
January 8th-Meet at Swing Bridge, finish 19th
Mess, St. George. The natives of that interesting
fragment of coral rock yclept St. George's Island,
on whose seven hills of yore" the ancient metro-
polis of the Bermudas rears its proud head, were
all agog with the prospect of a hunt; at least I saw
full half a dozen colored boys and girls seated on
one of the crags. The Knights of St. George, one
of them mounted on a chestnut dragon with the
most evil eyes and heraldic points generally, turned
out in great force. After a slight delay the hounds
were laid on and went away rather slowly on a
bad scent, cold by Jove I should think it was, with
a bitter North Easter right in our teeth, the track
consisting principally of cedar stumps and broken
bottles. Passing Fort George the green sward be-
gan, those who meant business pushed to the front,
the horn went like winking. Well done the gen-
tleman on the Black, who cut out the pace from
this ip-int, Phayrely ridden indeed! Catch him
who can, the going improves, the Colonel's on the
chestnut (most horse chestnuts have their kernels
inside, these had them outside, its the way they
grow in the tropics) give us a lead, all the crocks
have their necks stretched. In and out of the R.
A. Mess compound; here one or two compound and
others are pounded, but the boys of the Princess of
Wales' Own (Gon bless her lovely self) joined those
who fear no noise in the Royal Artillerie" with
ringing cheers as the main body sweep through the
enclosure. A Jolly Jack Tar, out for a holiday on
a little mare, now rushes to the van, the horn giv-
ing forth a merry din. Now a fair lady of histri-
onic renown and her husband (who take the stone
walls as they did in the Ould Counthry. Eh doc-
tor darlin ?) lead and race neck and neck with
Faerie Queene (whose rider had just then far too
much to do to think of Warlike Stores) to the finish
of which steaming steeds are doubtless glad as was
Tally Ho.
17th Jany.-Riddle's Bay to Sandhills. The
gout having got into my nerves I didn't feel up to
going, but heard that there was a good field, hard
riding and a view of the "Statoo." By the.bye
rumor has it that the eminent sculptor of that very
beautiful object has a painting on the canvass re-
presenting a recent run of the Bermuda Hunt,
which is destined to appear in one of the London
Illustrated Papers, so brush up your togs my lads
and look as handsome as you can for there's "a
chiel amang ye takin' notes an' faith he'll prent it."
Thursday, 4th January.-From Smith's Church
to Prospect. In the pigskin again, old chap. Such
a field just a quarter of a hundred riders and a
quarter of them of the fair persuasion. What pea-
cocking there was, touching up the old screws with
the off spur to astonish the ladies. Ha! ha!
what's this ? new blood, a fine brown weight car-
rier of the old school, he'll make the chips" fly
out of the post and rails. Twang, twang, away !
away over the small fences round the marsh, up
the hill "bellows to mend." Now then my lads
here's the bonny turf, send them along! Go it ye
cripples! And we went it across Mr. Pearman's
open pastures best foot foremost, then across the
marsh, round the back of Mr. Skinner's-here's a
big wall! Come up Polly! Gently Paget, 'ware
Violets! Dandy wants a bouquet evidently! (I
want a B. and S.) Acrossr the middle road and
back again; so the race course is reached. The
master leads us a lively dance, Foxhunter's Galop
with lots of music; half a mile from home Whipcord
and Latchford's are going ding dong ; by the Lord
Harry its a regular chase. There are only 3 or 4
really in it, over the last hurdle the gallant little
Bay !Mare takes the old place where Curley Browne
and Jack Grant used to place her, A. No. 1.

L'envoi. Its the "same old game," the bold
sojer boy, hospitable to a fault, has a surprise ready
for us; the glass clink at the Hostelry of the Pom-
pon Rouge, the fiddles are scraped, the pretty girls
are putting on their gloves, whatkoes it mean ? A
dance of course, round they fly the merry throng.
Vive la joie !

Change of orders to the Troop-ships Jumna and Eu"
phratcs-Complications with Germany Hinted at.
LONDON, Jan. 15.-The London correspondent of
the Manchester Guardian says: "It is reported
that the Cabinet on Monday decided that the Troop-
ships Jumna, homeward bounid from India with
1,067 men, and the Euphrates outward bound with
1,142 men, both reported on the 13th inst. as de-
tained at Malta, should proceed for their respective
destinations. Thin shows that more pacific ideas
are prevailing, but the strain between the two sec-
tions of the Cabinet is very great. Russia's pur-
poses are distrusted, notwithstanding the Czar is
said to have given further assurance within the
past few hours. But serious dangers are looming
in another direction. A movement is imminent on
the part of Germany to obtain a seabord under con-
ditions which would seriously affect England.
This consideration is having great influence in the
Cabinet on the side of those who advocate Eng-
land's reserving her strength. Some deeply im-
portant information has just reached this country
leading to the conviction that a warlike policy on
England's part in the East would be the forerun-
ner of more serious complications nearer home."

It is remarkable that every day of the week is by
different nations devoted to the public celebration
of religious services. Sunday by the Christians,
Monday by the Greeks, Tuesday by the Persians,
Wednesday by the Assyrians, Thursday by the
Egyptians, Friday by the Turks, Saturday by the

24th January, 1878.
To the Editor of the Bermuda Royal Gazette.
DEAR SIR,-Another year has sped, and the
time has arrived for me once more to trespass on
your kindness, and to ask you, on behalf of the
Royal Naval Scripture Reader Society, to insert
my annual appeal to the Christian community of
these Islands.
The List of Donations received last year (enclosed
herewith for publicatiu) sufficiently attest- that
the spiritual interests of the British sailor are not
wholly ignored in the vexed Bermoothes."
The 4, published in your paper in 1876, has in-
creased to 10 in 1878; and it is my pleasing duty
to thank those who so generously gave and who so
kindly assisted to collect this sum.
I am well aware there are many calls on the
purses of those who are willing to contribute to.
wards the maintenance of the Church of Christ in
these Islands, but these, I think, will admit that
the essence of Christianity is unselfishness; it
teaches us to love our NEIGHBOURS as well as our-
selves, and I trust that, when the religious Bermu-
dians are reminded that there are no less than six
vessels on this station that have no Chaplain, that
those vessels spend two-thirds of their time away
.where there is no Reader to cheer them with in-
struction in the Gospel-the glad tidings of ever-
lasting PEACE-I say I trust that a that all those wlB are
themselves in earnest, who have accepted this Gos-
pel and rejoice in it, will cheerfully contribute to-
wards our maintaining a Reader here, the only one
the Society has on this side of the Atlantic!
The Lord has blessed these Islands in things
temporal as well as spiritual: in the language of
Andrew Marvell, speaking of the "remote Bermu-
das" :
He gave us this eternal spring
Which here enamels everything;

He cast-of which we rather boast-
The Gospel pearl upon our coast."
Surely, then, it behooves us to obey the Apostle's
injunction-" Freely ye have received, freely give."
I should, before concluding, inform you that Mr.
Cornwall divides his time and instruction among
the Naval, Military and Civil inhabitants of his
Thanking you sincerely for your constant.cour-
tesy and assistance,
I remain, dear Sir,
Yours very faithfully,
Hon. Treasurer and Secretary
R. N. S. R. Society.
P.S. -Any subscriptions or donations received by
me direct, or through your hand, before the 28th
proximoo, will be forwarded in the ensuing month
and gratefully acknowledged in due coarse.

Miss Susan Wood, Hamilton............ 1 0 0
Mrs. Eve, do. ............ .... 0 5 0
Mrs. Lee & the two Misses Lee, Hamilton 0 -5 0
Thos. D. Middleton, Esqr., Hamilton.... 0 5 0
Mrs. Ewing, Hamilton ................. 0 6 0
Mrs. Yates, do. ................ 0 6 0
Mrs. J. Trott, do. ................ 0 4 0
S. Saltus, Esqr., do. ................... 0 8 0
B. and M., do. ................. 0 6 0
Other friends" do. .................0 5 0
Andrew Vizard, Esqr., Ireland Island.... 0 10 0
Revd. C. H. Harbord, do. .... 0 10 0
Thaddeus Dismont, Esqr., Somerset...... 0 10 0
Dr. Reid, R. N. Hospital, D. I. G....... 0 10 0
Lieut. E. A. Ommanney, R.N. .......... 0 5 0
W A. M .......................... ... 0 5 0
Lieut. A., R.M.L.I......................0 0 10
Collected at Dockyard Church (Offertory) 4 5 0

Total......10 5 10


The funeral of the late King Victor Emmanuel
took place in Rome on Thursday, and wais vay
impressive. Thee body of the dead monarch was
placed on the funeral car at 9 o'clock in tie morn-
ing, and the procession started from the Quirinal
about 10 o'clock. It was headed by fifteen military
detachment with their bandsands, and the clergy,
bearing tapers
The Funeral Car.-The car used at the funeral of
King Charles Albert, ot Sardinia, Victor E aman-
uel's father, was used on this occasion. It was
surmounted by the iron crown, the ancient di idem
of the Lombard Kings, which was brought from
Monza for the occasion. The car was preceded by
Lieutenant General Medici, the late King's first
aide-de-camp, mounted, who bore the Palestro
sword, sheathed.
The Order of March.-The car was surrounded
by a guard of honor and the special representatives
delegated by foreign courts. It was followed by
Victor Emmanuel's favorite horse, riderless; mili-
tary banners and a a:uTl of honor, eighteen de-
tachments of civil dignitaries, the Ministers, Sena-
tors and Deputies and the Knights of the Annon-
ziata. This part of the procession was one mile
long. Besides this there were 2,700 deputations
from all parts of Italy, numbering from five to
several hundreds, the entire procession, except
General Medici was on foot.
Route of the Procession -From the Quirin tl it

moved by the Piazza di Spagna to the Piazza del
Popolo; thence down the Corso nearly to the end
and thence to the Pantheon where it r, rived about
four o'clock.
Religious Services.-The ecclesiastical service was
confined to a simple absolution and benediction
pronounced by Mgr. Gori, arch-priest of the chapter
of the church.
A Simple Slab.-The stone which is to, be placed
in the chapel destined for the King is a simple slab,
bearing only the words, Victor Emnmanuel! First
King of Italy." It stood between the high alter
and the alter of St. Anastasius, the martyr, on the
right as the Pantheon is entered.
Italy's Last Wish.-Over the gateway of the Pan-
theon was the following inscription :-" Italy, with
a mother's pride, with a daughter's grief, suppli-
cates for the great King, who was a faithful citizen
and triumphant soldier, the immortality of the
righteous and the heroic."
A Magnificent Pageant.-The procession was one
hour and a half in passing a given point. The c 8s
tumes in the official portion, including the soldiery,
were magnificent, and the effect of the spectacle
was heightened by the display of seventy tattered
Distinguished Foreigners.-The Crown Prince of
Germany, with representatives from Austria Portu-
gal and Baden walked abreast. The effect orf the
music in the procession was most impressive.
A Splendid Decorated Church.-The Pantheon was,
splendidly decorated- as a chapelle ardente. Day-
light was excluded by the star of Italy veiling the
roof. The side chapel of Clement XI. was walled
in and draped with gold and crimson.
No Pall-bearers.-Contrary to a previous an-
nouncement there were no pall bearers.

Rev. Norman Atkins has found, under a large
pine stump near Munsville, N. Y., an ancient axe-
head, believed to have been made and used by a
race of people who inhabited this country before
the Indians.

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