BERMUDA COMMERCIAL AND GENERAL ADVERTISER AND RECqRDER.
STATE SitPER VIAS AN IQTAS
IHamilton, Bemunda, Tuesday, February II, 1SOO.
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"Egypt and the War."
Again we have to chronicle an unequivocal
success for Coinman.l'r, Cheyne, R.N., in en-
tertaining the Bermuda public with one of his
excqJlent lime-light. lecture, under the above
caption, patronized by Ht is Lordship the Bishop
of Newfoinmlbn'l aid.I Bernmudla, who, with
his amiable lady, was present.
As on the previou:- oc,. iii,, the seating
-capacity of the Mechanics' Hall was, on Tues-
day evening, taxed to its utmost with a select
and highly appreciative audience,-the pre--
caution taken to facilitate ingress, by opening
the North door for reserve ticket-holders pro-
ducing very satisfactory results, all being com-
fortably seated but a few minutes beyond the
time annouLiced for turning down the lights.;
Commander ,:heyne, after announcing his in-,
tention of continuing the series of lectures
Shrodgh the Lenten season, with the approval
of his LorJdiip tlo' Bishop (naming the 18th
instant for the next, on The Practicability of
Reaching the North Pole '), remarked at some:
length on Egyptian antiqui'y, and proceeded
in his usual lucid and interesting style with
the lecture, holding the rapt attention of his
audience to the end.
First on the canvas appeared a splendid ship
under full sail-H. M. S Orlando, flagship of
Admiral Marlboro. With pardonable pride the
lecturer spoke of the interest taken in these
good old "wooden walls" by the brave sailors
'who manned- them, and deplored the necessity
that has robbed our navy.of so large a share of
its artistic beauty by replacing these graceful
structures with the ponderous but more effec.
tive iron "fighting machine" of modern days.
With appropriate explanations then appear-
ed Gibraltar; Malta; figure scene, Admiral
Marlboro; map of Egypt; Alexandria; Cairo;
Pyramids; square in Cairo; Cleopatra's Needle
(now in New York); Pompey's Pillar; enter-
ing Cairo through canal; Bird's eye view
of Cairo; the Citadel; Mosqueof Sultan Has.
san; street in Cairo; an Egyptian Lady; por-
tion of interior of Khedive's Palace; tomb of
Mamaluke Sultans; Pyramids; section of in.
terior of Pyramid with sepulchral chamber;
the Sphinx (as it appears: in daylight and its
appearance at Ii1,Btj closer view of Pyramid,
with Arabs awaiting "backsheesh"; larger
view of Sphihnx; Egyptian carving of two
figures, supposed to be the oldest in the world;
an Obelisk;, a Hedouin Arab; a Turkish lady
veiled; a Nile boat; another Nile boat, "pre-
paring to start"; sand storm on desert; a
Mirage on the desert; Thebes (by day and by
idght); the Colossi; first cataract of the Nile;
the Isle of Piny; Sculpture on wall; second
cataract of Nile; Port Said; steamship enter-
ing Suez Canal by moonlight; ferry at Cata-
ract; figures-the Khedive, Prince Ismalia;
town of Suez at other end of Canal; figure-
$ir Beauchamp Seymmour; ironclads Alexandra,
Inflexible, Devastation; an 8L-toi gun; a
group of blue jackets; fleet off Alexandria;
shewing search light; Egyptians with Krupp
gun; l.M.S. Alexandra's main deck; working
25-ton gun; bombardment of Alexandria;
square on fire; Egyptian troops with Arabi
I asha mounted; figure-Sir Garnet Wolesley;
an armoured train; British cavalry attacking
Egyptian in rear: Kassan; cavalry; "man for
man," British trooper with Eg3ptian soldier
cornered; Highlander asleep off duty; diagram
of night march; the attack; battle of Tel-el
Kebir; British soldiers firing on fleeing Egyp-
tians from field of grain; figure-the Duke of
Connaught; THE QUEEN.
A Few Copies in PAPER COVER
on Sale at the
ROYAL GAZETTE STATIONERY STORE.
January 13th, 1896.
[ Written for the Royal Gazette.]
TO A CERTAIN OLD BOAT,
It seems hard to believe, as I stand here alonet-
And shiver with the cold north blast,
How, under summer suns we used to roam -
A happiness that could not last.
When the day was over and the sun went down,
And I fixed your moorings secure,
How little I thought ere a day had flown,
That your life would be no more.
Ah the bright moonlight nights by Fairyla',d's
When often friends we took, [shore.
When our party perhaps consisted of four
To discover some sweet little nook.
There came a day when the brightness ceased
And the storm clouds gathered strong.
And the wind blew hard from the East North East,
When your strength could not last long.
A fatal snap and all was done
And a Hesperus" you became,
Your little race of life was run
And a life of local fame,
How Psd you look as I gaze on you now
Hauled up and broken down,
With a bulging side and gaping prow
Like the marks of a troubled frown,
It makes me think of our troubled life
When the sun's bright face has gone,
When the storm-fiends cause so much of strife
And we are left forlorn.
Jany. 29th, 1896
Under the distinguished Patronage of '
His Excellency General T. C. LYOiNS, C. 1.,
BerIiimua Garrison Dramatic ?ocioly
WILL GIVE THE
SECOND PERFORMANCE OF
11th, 12th and 13th February,
WHEN THE CELEBRATED LONDON
COMEDy, IN 3 ACTS, BY
F. C, BURNAND, Esquire,
will be produced.
By kind permission of Lt.-Colonel Glancy and
Officers, the Leinster Regiment, the
splendid BAND OF THE REGIMENT
(For Caste see Posters.)
the 11th and
12th the per.
at S p. m.
Doors Open at 7.30 p.m. Carriages at 10.30 p.m,
ON THU ItSDAY, the 18th
To COMMENCE AT 2.30 P.M.
Doors Open at 2 p.m. Special Price to Child-
ren 1/- to Reserved Seats.
Carriages 5 p. in.
Reserved Seats 3s. Second Seats 2s. and Is.
BOX OFFICE open at "Royal Gazette"
February 4th, 1896.
13 EI ~UDA
The Orient Stinde Naviatiol Co's
S. S. S Lusitania
DUE AT BERMUDA ON THE
2 7 thi FE BRU TAR Y
WILL TAKE PASSEN(4R9
hence to England.
FIRST CLASS ACCOMMODATION"
For p:issage rates and other information,
SW Tr.j JAM ES.
S41 & 42 Front Street.
The Orient Steam N;avig;tion Company,
[Linited,] jof Lnidon.
February 1st, 1896.
The Sailing of SS. "Ohio," from
Philadelphia, ;has been
Postponed until Sth inst.
Probably leave Bemniuda 11th inst.
Those who have. :trriiini to tak-e passage
hence will please ob-ri'e the.- f re.koili. A few
more Passengeis can be -comi:iodulittl.
JOHN S. DARIRELL & JAMES,
St. George's Bda., Feb. 3, 1896.
II o a I,,,
'IlHE Undersigned (late Firm of
A- Smith) begs to inform the
he has ta-ken a
shop next East of C. E. Astwood's
Grocery. Front Street, East,
where he intends to carry on the above busi-
ness, and r,'.spectfilly solicits a share of Public
patronage, and trusts by strict attention to
business, and promptness, to merit their sup-
G. S. W. SMITH.
Hamilton, Feby. 3, 1896.-3
Has just been re-opened, thoroughly
renovated, newly frniished throughout,
and is now in A 1 Condition for
theaccomunodation of Ladies & Gentlemen
-on reasonable terms,
It has been established and patronized |by
American tourists over 25 years, and is
One of the aost picturesque spots
with unsurpassed facilities for bathing, boating
fishing, etc., etc.
Carriages to be had at the lowest terms,
Apply to ALONZO PENISTON,
December 31st, 1895-tf.
Ladies and Gentlemen can be comfortably ac-
conmnodated on reasonable terms by
J. ),, Seon, "Seaward,"
HAMILTON PARISH, BERMUDA.
Among the attractions will be found a Ten-
nis Lawn, Sea bIathin-g, Fishing and Boating.
Within ten minutes walk of the Caves.
Carriages may be had at the shortest notice.
Telephone Call 162E.
Cable Address Ste.iwa d."
WEST INDIA TEANSIP LIN,
CARRYING CANADIAN !VIAILS.
St. John .. .Leave
Halifax .. Arrive
St. Croix.... "
St. Kitts. ... *,
S t. L ucia .... "*
Barbadoes .. "
do. .... Leave
Trinidad .... "
Barbadoes .. "
St. Lucia ..
Dominica .. "
Antigua .... .
St. Kitts.. .. "
St. John Arrie 780
I t 1 7 I a ,
First Class Passenger Acconimodation.
W\. T, JA ME-
41 & 42 Front St., Hamilton, Bernmuda.
February 5, 196.--tf t
PROFESSOR LUEBFN having still some,
L few hours var-,Lilt, would lik t,) fill same;
with lessons either Piano, Violin, or Vocal.;
For terms, ete, apply to Professor Lueben, at
his office, Parliament Street, next to Melbourn,
Hamilton, Octr 22nd, 1894.
A LL persons having just claims against the,
L3 Undersigned will please send them in
not later than the 30TH JANUARY, 1896 for'
,payment, and all persons indebted will please
pay the Undersigned or Mr. B. H. WATKINS,
not later than the 2'3TH FEBRUARY, 1896.
Near "Royal Gazette" Office, Hamilton.'
"Colonist" copy Saturdays.
R. F. i)OW ING & Co.,
Custom House Brokers,
Forwarding and Conmmission
'0 Exchange Place,
63 & 65 Beaver St., New York.
P.O. BOX 3550.
RICHtARD F. DOWNING.
THOMAS H. DOWNING,'
vI. MOLONEY, Manager Foreign Express
THOMtPSON & ROBERTS,
May 9tb, 1891.
Tal1a0ilu Real Estate, i the Town.
The Undersigned offers for sale his property
Wesley and Victoria Streets,,
Consisting of a Lot bounded on three streets,
WITH TWO HOUSES THEREON.'
THESE HOUSES are new, well built and
in thorough order, conveniently arranged,
pleasantly situated in one of the best streets
in Town and very desirable residences anil
always coiniiand good Tenants Are at pres-
ent occupied Can be inspected and further
particulars given by communicating with or
EBENEZER BEf L,
53 Front Street.
Hamilton, Feby 25th, 1895.
Colonial Secretary's Office,
Hamilton, 27 January, 1896.
THE following Acts have been passed by the
ILLegislature of Bermuda during the pre-
No. 1.-" The Suffer.anc W h,,. A
K7 -'** MI*.A i (1 JUreU ouse
(In force to 31st December, 1900.)
2.--" An Act to provide a, salary for the
Inspector of Schools.'."I.:
(In force to 31st December, 1901.)
3 3--," An Act to provide a new Seal for the
Court of General Assize.'?
(In force indefinitely.).
4- ",The Marine Engine Inspection Act,
(In force during the continuance of the
Marine Engine- Inspection Acts, 18T72
5.-" An Act to consolidate and amend
the law relating to Jurors and Juries."
(In force to 31st December, 1900.)
6-" The Court of' Probate Act,- 1890."
(In force Indefinitely.)
ON: S ALE,
AT THE j
".Royal Gazette Stationcry Store
cinmoind Horse COnaolio owners,
Dr. Jumes' Blistering Oimtnent
&c., &c., &c.O
0, Sally and frequent importations.
B. WIIEATLEY JONES,
ADAMS & HOWE WV wholesale Grocery 1ouse,
Til us, Wells & Willett's Wholesale Grain
Irwin, Me,.rile, Chatterwood- & Co., Whole-
sale Tea House.
ALSO AGENT FORAY,
The Fie-st Victories, Extension Tops,
Buggies ana Market W.iggonsj all made to
order. -. ./.
An,] importer of Jersey Cows,
Ndovr 11, 1895.
B LoD PO gOi
r 0 'i ECIALi| I ondaryorTe~.
Sriry iBLOOL POISON permanently
urged itl 15 to35days. You can be treated at
t home efr same price under same guarau-
: y. If you prefer to comio hero we will con.
rrn: .'c"i, f, wo fail to cure. I f you have taken mer-
CA .,. idOiido plotaalh, and still have aches and
rai.-... MI[ u ts Pa! t'!lei tn ^ inOllmll,a ll'oc Tlroat,
l:,i phlCo. Copper Colored Spots, Ulcers ou
r-ny partof tho body. Hair or Eyebrows ftullini
cut, it is tins Secncnd:try 'ILOOD POISON
v guarantee to cur. \WV foslicil the rn-t obstio
nate tc.is lnd eiitIallctl.o the world for a
c.'i ; vc <-.niio t cur. 'tih: di-faoe i3: always
'-flicd t ihe irnlill otfthr: ie..st e-iineit phlAysi-
c.ans. ,05OO,COO cni.iil tChinii our uncondl.
tonal ..,r:.rant A bsolnte pro-fs sentsealed oa
at-pii.tti..,,. Address C )Oi, 1;F 31I)Y -.j -
307 Ma.onic Temple, Chicago, Ill., U. S. A.
NOTICE! NOTICE I
Only Six Hundred lShares to be Sold.
A Char.ce to make Large Profits on, a Small
Investment, by purchasing (C) FIVE
POUNDS Sterling, shares in the net '
,profits of theo
BERMUDA LIME COMPANY.
The certificates of shares will be made so
that they can be transferred, assignieil or sold.
Any person desiring one or more shares can
-obtain the same by applying by letter or in
CAPT. MARK GOLINSKY,
Manager of the Bermuda Lime Company,
St George, Bermuda.
Hamilton, Nov 6th, 1895.-6m
ESTATE OF THE LATE"
JOSEPH HENRY HARVEY,
PERSONS having just claims against the
L Estate of JOSEPHi HEZRY HARVEY, late
of the Town of Hamilton, deceased, arx re-
quested to furnish accounts' thereof to the
Executor, on or before the 31st March next.
And all persons indebted to the said Estate
are required to settle their respective amounts
by the above mentioned date.
MARY SARAH HARVEY,
ADRIANA ALETTA HARVEY,
Hamilton, 21st January, 1896.1-6 times. -
"Colonist" please copy.
O JXT A Tl.T.l"
At the "Royal Gazette" Stationery
; -- : S tore. '- < '
In addition to our uatial supply of Horse"
Con.lition Powders, Purgative Balls and Blis
1 'ring Ointments we hav:' received-
Cough Balls, C&rdial Balls, Worm Ball"
and Dog Pills for Distemper.
Vol. LXIX,-No. 6
24s. per AuMsin
X e,.) Co 00 -4 =
ro 00 )-1 to 00
C I ) 0 C) cz cyi
-M = = C? C9 CQ aq
BERMIJDA ROYAL GAZETTE.
WEEKLY REPORT OF THE WEATHER
at Gibbs' Hill Light Station at Bermuda be-
tween the 2nd & 9th February, 1896 : height
above the Sea being 246 feet at base, where
the Register is kept.
0.00 Fine, hazy
0.00 O'ro't threat-
0.20 t [ening
0 00 o
Unsettled, cloudy, hazy.
Fine, hazy, morning squally.
Fine, hazy, morning squally.
Overcast, haxy, unsettled.
W. S, PERINCHIEF,
l Hamilton, February 11, 1896.
Feb 4--R M S Alpha, Hall, Jamaica, via Turks
Islands; fruit, &c., to W T James.
.4--S S Taymouth Castle, Forbes, Halifax, N S;
assorted cargo to W T James.
5,-S S Mangara, Turner, Cardiff; coals for H M
8-S S Duart Castle, Seeley, Demerara; sugar,
rum, &c., &c., to W T James.
10-R M S Orinoco, Fraser, New York; steam
launch, inward cargo for West Indies to Trott
Feb 4-R M S Alpha, Hall, Halifax; inward cargo
and 160 empty Beer Casks, 19 empty Kilder-
4-S S Taymouth Castle, Forbes, St Thomas ; in-
ward cargo and 824 brls potatoes, (reshipped) &e.
8-S S Duart Castle, Seeley, St John, N B; in-
10-R M S Orinoco, Fraser, St Thomas; inward
cargo for West Indies.
Custom House.-St. George's.
Feby 8-Br Schr Henry Clansen, Jr, Applleby,
from Norfolk, Va, bound to this port with a
cargo of 806 tons of coal, consigned to J S Dar-
rell & James.
Feby 8-Br S S Nicosian, Jones, from Portugal
with. a cargo of sulphur ore, called for coals
only, Agents, J S Darrell & James.
Feby 8-Br S S Nicosian, Jones, to Charleston,
inward cargo, obtained 30 tons of coal.
In the S. S. Taymouth Castle, from Halifax for
Bermuda on 4th inst., Mr and Mrs Banks, Mrs
Foster and 4 children, Mrs Wadson and 2 child.
ren, Sergt Ball, wife and infant, Mrs Gregory,
Mrs Helfer, Ms Upton Harwood, Mrs Davis,
child and maid. Sister of Charity, Miss Stairs, Miss
Morris, the Misses Murray (2), Messrs Upton
Harwood, A W Bayne, Emanuel; For the
West Indies from Halifax-Messrs John Miller, A
W Hepborn and sons (2), J C Willson, W J An-
derson, A W Gow. From Bermuda for West In-
dies-Dr Frank S Smith and wife, Mr and Mrs L
R Boggs, Mrs Corwine, Miss Corwine, Miss Amy
Schoals, Capt'G H Cardew, A S C, Lieut J Flet-
Sobher, A S C, Lieut J Gilmore, Messrs El W Thom-
son, Samuel F Barr, William Bradley and son,
and one decker.
In the R M Str Alpha, from Jamaica for Ber-
muda on 4th inst:-2nd class, Sergt and Mrs May-
nard. From Turks' Island for Bermuda-2nd
class-Miss M Stubs. From Jamaica for Halifax
-Mr and Mrs H Costigan. From Bermuda for
Halifax, on 4th inst-Mr Gregory, Mr Herbert
Hardesty and 14 Government passengers.
In the S S Duart Castle, from the West Indies
for, Bermuda, on 7th-Colonel H C 'Roome and
wife, Colonel H C MoConiche, Lieut Grant, R N,
Messrs G S Warren, J Valliant, D B Jardine and
8 deckers. For St. John's, N B, from the West
Indies-Lieut Austin, R A, Lieut Brush, King's
Regt, Mrs 0 S Pickford,
In the R M steamer Orinoco, from New York,
on Sunday last :-Mr and Mrs L E Curtis, Mr
and Mrs F H James, Messrs J J Cronin, J B
Hollister, Herman Ihlo, W N King, James B
Loughten, William Mullen, Thomas Nelligan,
iH G Ridley. For the West Indies-Count
1 the R. 31. Steamer Trinidad, from New York,
yesterday :-Revd G Monlsdale, Mr and Mrs D L
Bartlett, Mr and Mrs J G Beatty, Mr and Mrs T A
Crain,' Mr and Mrs Peter De Baun, Mr and Mrs H
A Grant, Mr and Mrs John Hand, Mr and Mrs T
Hodgson, Mr and Mrs EC Knight, Mr and Mrs
Henry Lees, Mr and Mrs George P Lord, Mr and
*Mrs Charles S Lincoln, Mr and Mrs A Marine, Mr
and Mrs James Pickands, Dr and Mrs D M Pratt,
Mr and Mrs S M Riley, Mr and Mrs Julian Stern.-
berger, Mr and Mrs E D Squires, Mr and Mrs
3harpless, Mr and Mrs Louis Stutz, Mr and Mrs
G P Spaulding, Mr and Mrs H J Stevenson, Mr
tnd Mrs J B Via1, Mr and Mrs J A Weir, Mrs
Brice, Mrs M Bruckheimer, Mrs Charles Carter,
Mrs E F Cloeeland, Mrs Cawthera, Mrs Livinston
OG;osby, MrN L A Cook, Mrs H K]Cushing, Mrs E L
Day, Mrs 0 4 Denckla, Mrs Dixon, Mrs Heaven,
Mrs H J J lHarris, Mrs P P Lahens, Mrs George
H Marvin and maid, Mrs Merrell and child, MrasJ
(H Otis, Mrs E H Outerbridge, infant and nurse,
Mrs Price, Mrs Smith, Mrs C P Sinnickson and
maid, Mrs J H Sledman, Mrs::aE C Stearns, Mrs
Van Vlick, Mra J H Wetherill, Mrs A R Wright,
Miiss Anthony, Misses Beatty (2), Miss Boyd,
Miss Lucy Byrd, M)is Mary D Bulkley, Miss E W
Carter, Miss J F Carter, Miss Anna Cleveland,
Miss Cawthera, Miss Estelle Crosby and maid, Miss
Clark, IMius L Cook, Miss E Cortleyon, Miss M E
flraser, Miss Grant, Miss Heaven, Miss Fanny
Hayes, Miss M Hubbard, Miss Harris, Miss Mary
Hutohison, Miss C W_ Knight and two maids, Miss
M A Lahens, Miss M V N Marvin, Miss E V N
Marvin, Miss ME McCeney, Miss A McConnell,
Miss McGee, Miss Alys Peniston, Miss Pruden,
Miss Nellie Robinson, Miss Smith, Miss William-
soT, Miss C Williamson, Miss Stewart, Miss H H
Outerbridge, Miss H G Outerbridge, Col W L
Blaufhard, Dr E F Cleveland, Dr E F Cushing,
Dr P J Horwitz, Messrs Alin Adams, B F Aumaok,
C W Blodgett, W L Brown, Bergencran, Lemu-
el C. Benedict, George W Benedict, F 0 Boyd, W
.IjBayer, Thomas Brown, jr., R S Bowers, B M
Caldwell, J.B and H Caldwell, E E Clapp, A B H
Chapip, J E Dye, P W Emerson, J M Fraser, H L
Felton, W T Graham, James Gardner, Thomas
Iand, Charles Hubbard, Charles B Hobbs, Geo. E
New York Weather Report.
Feb. 4-Snow last night. This morning
Easterly. Temperature 34 o
Feb. 5-Threatning. Wind Easterly.
perature 40 0
Feb. 6-Heavy rains and high Easterly
Temperature 46 0
Feb. 7-Clear. High Westerly winds.
perature 43 0
Feb. 10-Cloudy. Winds North West.
Music in Victoria Park.
The following selections will be played by the
band, Prince of Wales' Leinster Regiment (Royal
Canadians) in Victoria Park on Friday, 17th inst,
commencing at 3 p.m.
The Drum and Fife band will also attend and
play a progranune in addition.
BUGLE MARCH Glasgow" Bonnissian.
OVERTURE "The Crown Diamonds Auber.
SELECTION Bohemian Girl Balfe.
VALSE Fleur Du Printemps Bousquet.
GRAND FANTASIA Erin Basquit.
CAPRICE The Turkish Patrol" Michaelis.
Theatre Royal, Prospect.
"BETSY" will be produced at the above
Theatre to-night and to-morrow night. The
fame of the play is so great that every reserved
seat for Wednesday night was bought up with.
in a few hours of the opening of the Box
Office. Reserved Seats for Tuesday night and
Thursday afternoon can still be secured.
I The Opening Ball of the Season at the'
The opening of the season of 1896 was fully
ushered in at the Hamilton Hotel on Monday'
evening, the 3rd instant, and we welcome again
the genial host of a season not long gone, and who,,
on this occasion, was ubiquitous, whose cheerful
smile greeted the guests at every turn.
The new management of Messrs. Mead & Brooks,
will, it is needless to state, be a popular one, as
Mr Mead, who is so well known among us, is a cer-
tain guarantee of success and popularity.
The usual assemblage began about 8.15, when
the familiar corridors began to show extraordinary
signs of life, eager groups stood here and there,
fascinating costumes of every type and colour,
pervaded as it was by a delightful excitement of
expectation. The white dresses of the ladies
showing off well, as it was often seen against a
background of red and blue uniforms.
As soon as the band struck up there was a gen-
eral rush for programmes, when it became for a
moment, the case of the survival of the fittist."
A new feature, was the presence of two bands,
the Orchestra of the ..Hotel and the band of the
Leinster Regt, which, at times, relieved each
other, the latter being in its old place on the ver.
andah and the fornier behind an exquisite little
bower of ferns in a corner of the ball room.
The regimental band also played during supper
in an adjoining apartment from the supper room,
thereby rendering the scene an extremely bright
and cheerful one-the addition of music lent a
charm of dreamy contentment and made one loath
to leave, even at the prospect of a delightful valse
on the matchless floor of the ball room.
The ball room was most tastefully decorated,
not an over abundance of flowers, but in an artist.
tic and delicate manner. Over the doorways and
windows were sprigs of ivy, and the large ohanda-
lier in the middle of the room was almost hid in
the beautiful purple blossoms of the Bougan villa.
A recess in the rqom was covered in by a most
tasteful arrangement of ferns, the long prongs of
which gave a tropical appearance to the surround.
ings. Behind this bower was the Orchestra, which
played in excellent time and harmony, being sev-
eral times encored.
It was with regret that the large assemblage
finally tore itself away and bid good-night to the
host-hoping to meet again soon-thus closing the
successful ending of the "Hamilton's" opening
fa" Mails per R.M.S. Trinidad
for the United Kingdom, Dominion of Canada, New-
foundland and the United States close at the Post
Office, Hamilton, on Thursday next, 13th Inst., b
at 8 a.m.
Supplementary Mails at 9.80 a.a, I
Hyde, Rich ard Kempe, William King, L E La-
hens- Daniel Low, Lindsey, B Michaels, Joseph
McGee, W McMellan, H McMellan, Lee Mutting,
J O'Connell, J H Ostrumn, Theodore Outerbridge,
C W Prevost, M Pope, J A Randall, J M Smith,
H V Smith, C W Snow, George R Sinnickson,
Marion Story, Joseph M Sack, H R Stock-
bridge, C Sc'nuekle, Arthur S Walcott, Carroll
Walk, Georgoe W West, M C P, W S Young, W P
Roberts, P C 3aayonton, S C Beckley, L Grant, T
H McCafferty,' Master Wetherill and Governess.
Second Class 6. Second Class Forward 1.
't The S S Orinoco, Captain W J Fraser, on
a special tour, with 64 passengers, to Bermuda
and the Windward Islands, vizt.: St Thomas, St
Kitt's, Antigua, Guadaloupe, Dominica. Marti-
nique, St Lucia, Barbados, Trinidad and Jamaica,
left New York on the 5th instant, arrived at Ber-
muda on 9th and leftI yesterday for St Thomas.
S S S "Alpha "arrived at Halifax at 9 a m
on 8th Feb.
SS "Trinidad" left New York at 11.30
a m on Saturday with 183 passengers, and ar-
rived in Hamilton harbour at 6 last evening.
Captain Fraser, and Mr. Peniston (Purser) will
please accept our thanks for late New York
H M S Crescent goes to sea to-day for a few
days to carry out the quarterly target practice
and torpedo work.
The Naval Regatta which was to have taken
place on the 15th has, we believe, been post-
poned until 20th inst.
The schooner-yacht Fleur-de-Lys, Captain
Cogswell, arrived from New York on Thurs-
day last, and anchored off the Princess Hotel.
Her owner, Mr Day, with a party of friends,
are on board. The Fleur-de-lys will leave
to-day for St Thomas, D W I.
Thd sloop-yacht Navahoe sailed for the West
Indies on Wednesday, the 5th instant.
The schooner-yacht Brunhilde, left for St
Thomas, D W I, on Thursday, the 6th inst,
We would draw the attention of the
public to the fact that there are a number of
spurious silver coins in circulation of one shil-
ling, two shillings and four shillings denomi-
nation, and a good imitation of the genuine
gain admission to the Mechanics' Hall on that
evening to be present by all means, for a treat will
be in store for them.
Q" The Royal Standard and Gazette of the
Turks' and Caicos Islands comes to us since
the New Year in an enlarged and improved
form. We wish the Editor and Proprietor, Mr
Hugh H Hutchings, every success in his new
departure. The Royal Standard has been a
well conducted journal for a number of year. ,
and its past record gives promise of continued
2M- We would draw the attention of the
Corporation to the necessity of causing a rail
ing to be placed i. front of the untinisheil
building lot next East of the Tower. There
are two large tanks uncovered near the road,
to say nothing of the deep cutting beyond. A
street lamp in that vicinity would be very
1" In our report, in last Gazette, of the
Church Parade on 2nd instant, read the Offi-
cers and Men of B Company were entertained
at lunch by 0 Company and not entirely by
their Captain as therein stated.
M- The Literary Association of the Working
Man's Aid and Helping Society and Ladies of
Industry intend holding their Mammoth Bazaar
at the Town Hall on to-morrow, Wednesday,
and the following day, Thursday.
About 15,000 tons of starch have been made
from potatoes this season in the three states of
Wisconsin, Minnesota and North Dakota. Not
far from three and a half million bushels of
potatoes have thus been used, and yet this
represents about half the product of the p )tato
belt. The farmers have received an average
price of ten cents a bushel for the potatoes,-New
Sugar from Honey.
There is on exhibition at our office a sample of
sugar made from honey by Mr. Morrison. This
is perhaps the first time that such a thing has been
accomplished and is the result of a happy accident.
While this sugar has all the appearance of ordin-
ary vacuum pan, it retains the taste of the honey.
It was obtained by means totally different from
that by which cane or beet sugar is obtained. This
item is of interest to some parts of the West Indies
where honey is cheap and almost unsaleable.
AT THE PRINCESS, Feb 4.-Mrs M R Morrow,
Miss Ethel M Stairs, Halifax. Feb 9-J B Halis-
ter, Rutland, Vt; Mr and Mrs Fred H Janes,
Mr and Mrs L E Curtis, Mr and Mrs Chas Gabriel,
D S Hone, E A Johnson, New York; H Ihlo,
Brooklyn, N Y; John 0 Hall, Lakwood, Ohio;
Mr and Mrs Wm Berriman, Buffalo; Miss Hutch-
inson, Miss Hildreth, Boston; D S Garland,
AT THE HAMILTON.-Col and Mrs H C Roome,
Mr and Mrs J C Williams, F A Morris, J H Mor.
ris, W H Heskett, New York; J W Valiant, Guy
S Warren, St Louis, Mo; Mr and Mrs A C Gros-
holz, Mrs John Coates Brown, Miss Edith Lloyd
Brown, Philadelphia; Joshua W Rhodes, William
B Scaife, J B Loughlin, Pittsburgh ; Mr and Mrs
A R Van Tassel, Du Bois, Pa; C L Hewitt, Syra-
cuse, N Y; Lieut J Luce, R N, H M S Pelican;
S McConihe, U S Army; Ches W Seeley, R H
Croyden, S S Duart Castle; C S Pickford, Hali-
fax, N S; Henry G Ridley, Toronto; J V Koch,
Brooklyn, N Y; Spencer R Hill, J J Cronin, Bos-
ton, Mass: 0 E Murphy, Washington, Pa; Mr
and Mrs N R Sims, Trenton, N J; Chas T Colony,
John J Colony, Keene, N H; Mr and Mrs D M
Farmer, Ottawa, Can.
In advance of the Annual Report of the Dela.
ware & Hudson Canal Coy for 1895, the Ohronicl
supplies the following information;:-Total Re.
ceipts, $18,819,618; less operating expenses $13,.
376,733; nett $5,44.2,875; deducting interest
taxes and rental amounting to $3,078,482, leaves
for dividends $2,364,393, equal to 6Q o/o on the
capital stock as against 7.1 o/o 1894, 10.71 o/(
1893, 10.11 o/o 1892, 7.35 1891.
Owing to the action of the Philadelphia and
Reading in asserthig its claims to mine a large
proportion of anthracite coal than the other corn
panics considered its due proportion, th t company
largely increased its output with the natural re.
sult of diminishing prices. The Delaware & Hud.
son were among the Conservatives in the trad(
.and their financial results for 1875 is due to the
depressed price of coal. The Presidents and
Officers of the coal carriers and miners are now en-
deavoring to place the Anthracite Coal Trade foi
1896 on a more solid basis.
CEN Judge Prouse's History of Newfound.
land, published last year by Macmillan & Co,
London & New York, with a prefatory note by
Edmund Gosse, has been widely reviewed and
very favourably received. Well illustrated
and with Eyre & Spottiswoode's excellent press.
work and containing well digested information
from unpublished English, Colonial and For.
eign Records and from keen personal observa.
tions on passing events, it is a literary produc-
tion of much merit throwing new light on
England's most ancient colouy. The Arch-
bishop of Canterbury has offered to confer the
degree of LL.D on-Judge Prouse, addressing a
highly gratifying betterr to the Newfoundland
historian who ha3 been the recipient from Her
Majesty the Queen of a portrait of herself in
1838 with her autograph, a fac-simile.of which
will be produced for a second and popular edi-
tion of the work now in preparation.
W The last edition of "The Living Church
Quarterly," among the notices of the General In-
stitutions of the Protestant Episcopal Church in
the United States, has the following respecting
"The Order of the Daughters of the King."
Founded 1885, incorporated. For the spread of
Christ's Kingdom among young women and the
strengthening of parish life. The order works
through parochial chapters. The officers of the
Council are: President, Mrs E A Bradley, Vice-
Pres, Mrs E J Warner, Secretary, Mrs E L Ryer-
son, 520 E 87th Street, New York; Treasurer,
MrsJ 3H Kabrs. ..
SOn first pageof this issue will be found an
account of Commander Cheyne's, R.N., lecture on
"Egypt and the War," delivered at the Mechanic's
Hall on Tuesday last.
Commander Cheyne also delivered, by special
request, his lecture on "The Great Search for Sir
John Franklin," at the Thorburn Hall, Warwick,
on Friday evening last.
The latter lecture will be delivered at the Forest-
era' Hall, Ireland Island, on Thursday next in
aid of the R. N. Temperance Hall.
Commander Cheyne, R N, will, on Tuesday
evening the 18th instant, as per advertisement in
another column, deliver his lime light entertain-.
ment-par excellence-on "An Expedition to the
North Pele by ships, sledge and balloons." This
new plan for reaching the Pole originating with,
and all details laid down by Commander Cheyne,
is at the present time being taken up and carried
out by Sweden, the large balloon required being
now constructed in Paist, giving the entertain-
ment a two-fold interest in the eyes of the public,
therefore we should strongly advise all that can
trary is bound to defoud its position with Ger-
many's obs iacy. Presia-ent Kruger, the paper
says, is certain to r-.ply to Mr. Chamberlain's des-
patch in ac.ordanc., with the terms of the treaty of
LONDON, Feb 9-Orders have been issued to the
new flying squadron lying off Spithead to proceed
on Monday. for Berehaven, BantryBay, on the
south coast of Ireland, and thence to await further
SDUBLIN, Fob 9--A deputaion of nationalist
members of the House of Commions' yesterday
visited Mr Thos Sexton, MX P, and tried to induce
him to accept the leadership of the Irish parlia.
mentary party in place of Mir Justin McCarthy,
who has declared his intention of retiring from the
position. Mr Sexton refused to definitely accept
the leadership, but, after a good deal of persuasion,
promised to consider the matter. The members
of the Irish Parliamentary party will meet in the
House of Commons on the 18th instant to receive
Clippings from Exchangoes.
URGES ANGLO-AMERIC-N HARMONY.
LONDON, Feb. 3, 1893.-Mr. Arthur J. Balfour,
First Lord of the Treasury, in a speech at Bristol
to-night made an incidental allusiua to Great
Britain's foreign relations and said he felt tht
England and the Uai:ed States should work to.
gether, each in its own sphere, to promote and
extend tho Anglo Saxon ideas of liberty. If, be
declare i, Great Britain was in alliance with the
United Srtates, she could fulfil the duties Provi.
dence had intrusted touaer, and need not| fear a
foreign foe nor internal divisionuj
By the Halifax & Bermudas Cable.
MADRID, Feb 8 -This city was the scene yester-
day of a demonstration that would have required
but very little to turn it into a serious riot. Oa
Tuesday a number of men hooted Gen Campos as
he was driving to his resi lence. A number of the
hooters were arrested. One broke away from the
gendarmes who shot him. Yesterday afternoon
the funeral of the victim was attended by an enor-
mous crowd. Fully 12.0)0 men, most of whom
were republicans, marched to the cemetery shout-
ing the entire distance, Down with the police,"
Down with Campos," Long live the Republic "
The government anticipated trouble and there was
a strong display of gendarmes who appeared afraid
to interfere with the procession lest they might
provoke a riot. The crowd shouted itself hoarse
until the cemetery was reached when the great as-
semblage stood with bare heads until the funeral
rites were completed. The greater portion of the
crowd then dispersed. Two thousand formed in
line and marched to the Royal Palace in front of
which they shouted Death to the King," Death
to the Queen," "Long live the Republic." Guards
on duty about the palace seemed intimidated by
the sullen temper of the mob and made not the
slightest attempt to drive them away. The crowd
marched to the residence of Gen Campos where a
similar demonstration of disapproval was made.
The apathy of the plica unquestionably due to
fear was significant. The crowd committed no
overt acts. Last night the police prevented a
crowd serenading the Republican delegates who
had come to Madrid to attend the funeral.
LONDON, Feb. 8.-The Queen in Council at
Osborne House, her residence on the Isle of
Wight, to-day, signed her speech opening the
Session of Parliament. In the direction of
fostering an entente with Russia, Lord Salis-
bury will ascent to the acquisition by Russia of
a harbour in Kwan Chan Bay, which opens
into the Yellow Sea, from the east coast of the
Shan Tung promontory under the guise of
leasing the place as a naval depot from China
for twenty years Lord Dunraven's references
in the speech delivered by him at Glasgow to
the impossibility of a quarrel between two
nations of the same blood, the same, this that
and the other thing has been met with jeers by
the liberal press. The death of Prince Henry
of Batenbury, husband of Princess Beatrice,
youngest daughter of the Queen, has caused
* Her Majesty to revise her will. It is re-
ported she will leave Oihorne House to
SPrincess Beatrice and also Abergeldie House.
- The Duke of Connaught, it is said, will get
Balmoral, the Queen's residence in the High-
3 lands. Ex Empress Eugenie has chartered the
I late Duke of Jamilton's steam yacht Thistle
* and placed it at the disposal of Princess Bea-
r trice for a cruise in the Mediterranean.
BERLIN, Feb 9.-Within the past week the
officially inspired German press, which former-
ly had been pounding as hard as violent lan-
guage would go, suddenly ceased its blast
I against Great Britain- It cannot be ascertained
that there has been any change in the course
of the policy of Germany, except that from
some cause generally supposed to be represent.
nations on the part of Austria and Italy. The
Emperor put a check upon the German diplo-
matic activity in quarters where there had
been jealousies on the part of England and
based upon the supposition that Germany's
attitude was hostile. Vhe debate in the Reich.
stag on Friday upon the naval estimates gave
Freiherr Marshall von Buberstiln, ministerr of
L Foreign Affairs, and the members of the Reich-
stag in touch with thie government, an oppor-
tunity to make declamations decidedly friendly
to England, and the occasion was made the
most of. Apart fr~n reassuring speeches by
Freiherr Marshall von Bieberstii, the most
notable statement made was]the declaration of
Prince Von Arenberg Centrist, president of the
Colonial Society of Germauy, that at no time
had there been any reason for anti-German
excitement which prevailed in England. This
utterance was received with applause in which
members of all parties joined with earnestness.
These reassuring utterances and general accept-
ance made it almost certain that at the next ses-
sion of the Reichstag when the Government's
naval scheme is introduced iusteid of its being op-
posed as a warlike measure suddenly launched
with a view of taking al vantage of the public ex-
citement, will receive the support of a majority of
the chamber if it is framed upon the moderate
lines indicated in the statements made on Friday
by the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The debate
made an astonishing change in the opinion ex-
pressed by the 1n idiug newspapers, even the oppo-
sition papers admitting the increase of a number
of cruisers for the defence of German trade and
commercial marin ue is necessary.
BERLIN, Feb 9--The Vossische Zeitung prints
an article referrinL, to a despatuh sent to Sir Hlec-
cules Robinson, Governor of Cape Colony, by Mr.
Chamberlain, British Secretary of State for the
Colonies, reviewing the causes which led to Dr.
Jameson's enumerating grievances of the Uitlan.-
ders suggesting a scheme of reforms including the
limited automony of the Rand, etc,, inviting Pres-
iden Kruger to England to idisuuss questions at
issue. After expressing opinions seriating upon
the points contained in Mr. Chamberlain's mes-
snge, the Reitung says, the Boer minority is not
bound to asntence self to death, but on the cmn-
New York ..
New England .
Other Eastern States .
Central States and Canada
Southern States ..
A despatch from Accra says that Governor
Maxwell, of the Gold' Coast Colony, has issued a
proclamation declaring a British protectorate over
The Glasgow Herald says that the coming
British naval programme will cost 9,500,000,
with which will be constructed four battle ships,
four first class cruisers, four third class cruisers,
and sixty torpedo destroyers.
At a late sitting of the Budget Commission of
the Reichstag Baron Marchall von Biebersteini,
Minister of Foreign Affairs, declared that no new
naval demands would be introduced in the Reieh.
stag this session and that no date had been fixed
when it would be advisable to increase the
strength of the navy.
The return issued by the London Board of
Trade for January show an increase of 1,730,000
in imports and of 2,900,000 in exports during
that month, as compared with those of January,
WITH LETTERS OF MARQUE.
WA'sHITON, Feb 7-A member of the Oab4n
Junta states to-night that on account of secret
communications from Europe that Great Britain
would protect English bondhol I irs in the island of
Cuba, it has b-en decided by the Junta, in coa-id-
eration of the resolutions presented in C.n;ress
regarding belligerent rights, that vessels in the
United States and South American republics that
have been ready for sa with armament will, when
th, resolutions are handed to the Spanish govern-
meat, proceed to see with letters of marquo for de-
struction of the enemy's commerce, and that com.
missions as admirals in the Cuban navy have been
presented to Captains Simmons, Mille and John-
son, of the United States; to Dr. Victor, of the
Chilian navy, and to others.
INVITAArION TO KRUEGER.
LOenox, Feb 7, 1893.-The London Gazette
prints a long despatch sent by Mr Joseph Chain-
berlain, Secretary of State for the Colonies, to Sir
Hercules Robinson, Governor of Cape Colony and
High Commissioner in South Africa.
Mr Ohimberlain reviews the causes that led to
Dr Janeson's raid in the Transvaal, enaianeratesa
the grievances of the Uitlaniers in the 'r.isvaal
and suggests a scheme of reforms, including the
granting of limited autonomy to tha residents of
He invites Precident Kruegar, of the Tranuvaal,
to visit Eiglaid ti dicusas the question at issue,
and says that if he is unable to come he (Mr
Chamberlain) relies upon Governor Robiansou to
prosecute the n.'-goti;tious and uphold the Anglo-
Boeor Convention of 1884.
One of Dr. Jameson's force, who was slightly
wounded and is in the hands of the Bo3rs, and
who figures in the lists as "James Burna:ad" and
"John Arthur Burnand," is Mr. John Arthur
Burnand, the fourth son of Mr. F. C. Buraand,
the editor of Punch. Mr. J. A. Burnand was in
the Bechuantland police, and has been in Sjubh
Africa for the last four years. As recently as
December 12 last a letter was received from him,
in which he hinted at trouble and fighting.
Suicide of a Harrow !Haster.-Mr. Arthur H.
Gosset, M.A., one of the masters of F[trrow
School, committed suicide at Bideford under sad
circumstances. The deceased was a sam of the
Rev. J. H. G.)set, late vicar of Nortiiam, had
been in ill health and was thought by his friends
to be in Italy, when he returned to Bideford, laid
himself on the rails of the London and South-
Western Railway, and was killed by the up train.
At the inquest the evidence showed that Mr. Gos.
set travelled specially to Bideford to tike his life.
He had folded his overcoat carefully and laid it
on the bank with 'his w~itch. In the pocket of
the coat was found a letter written in pithetia
language, and addressed to Prebendary Church-
ward, iu whioh it was stated that he wltilie'l to die
in sight of "' (he old prish." A verdict uo' fSiicide
while temporarily insane was returned.
Coming Exhibition of Carriages.-The directors of
the Crystal Palace have decided to hold, during
May and June, an exhibition of carriages and
every description of vehicle, from the historical
stage and state coach to the latest development of
the automotor car, or horseless carriage, the latter
being exhibited in motion in the grounds of the
palace. The exhibition will also include all new
inventions connected with carriages and harness.
The Lord Mayor (who is master of the Coach
Makers' Company) has accepted the presidency of
the Honorary Council of Advice, which will in-
clude Sir Frederick Bramwell, Sir David Sala.
mons, Sir Henry Trueman Wood and Mr. John
Phillipson, president of the Institute of British
A British War Ship Goes to Havana.-KINGsoTON,
Jamiu,-5, Feb. 3--The British war-ship Mohawk
was despatched this afternoon from this port to
l avana, It is thought by many persons here that
the Mohawk has been sent to proteWot the lives and
property of Britieh subjects
ALLOTMENT OF ISSUE OF UNITED
STATES BONDS ON TENDERS
WASHINGTON, Feb. 7.-Successful bidders for
the bond issue will within the next few days
receive formal letters of notification from the
Treasury Department of the acceptance of their
All the bidders who offered more than 110.-
6877 for the bonds will receive the full amount
for which they bid. The bids of all below that
price will be rejected, and the Morgan syndi-
cate, which, by its bid for the entire amount
of the issue or any part of it at the rate of 110.-
6877, fixed the minimum price, will be awarded
all the bonds left after allotments have been
made to the higher bidders.
The bids above that of the Morgan syndicate
call for bonds to the aggregate amount of
$66,788,650. This leaves a balance of $33,211,.
350 to be taken by the syndicate.
Clerks in the Loan and Currency Division
of the Treasury Department were at work all
day completing the schedule of the bids in the
order of the prices offered. This was finished
this evening, and as sson as it has been revised
to-morrow the work of sending out notifica-
tions of acceptance will be commenced.
Amount to he awarded individual
bidders and bankers $6(,788,650
Amount to be awarded the Morgan
BERMUDA ROYAL GAZETTE,
PANAMA, Jan 25-The Star and Herald says thai
the New Panama Canal Company is slowly doing
practical work on the canal, and is to be seen at
sections where there are men at work on the big
ditch. The number of day laborers employed at
the different sections, including Panama, Colon,
and La Boca, during the first fortnight of January,
1896, was 4,362. The work of deepening the
channel on the Pacific side of the canal will soon
bhe resumeil, after a stoppage of many weeks. The
:suspension was due to the fact that the dredge
which was at work had to be taken to assist in
raising the dredge which suddenly sank some time
ago at La Boca. Up to the present time, they
have not been able to raise the iron machine, it
has become so firmly embedded in the mud. It is
eared that the dredge will have to be broken up.
PANAMA, Jan 25-The Star and Herald says
there is great activity in Argentina in improving
the defences of that country. Both in the army
and navy reorganization is the order of the day.
The navy is : being kept working constantly by
Capt Garcia, the new chief of staff. Many changes
and improvements have yet to be made. The new
ships will shortly be ready. The Buenos Ayres is
to be manned by Spaniards. The San Martin
(Garibald) is also to be manned by Spaniards
when ready. The sister ship of the San Martin,
the Varese, is to be purchased by the Government,
as an answer to the announcement that Chili is
working day and night to complete three fast and
powerful cruisers in England. It is announced
that the government is negotiating for the service
in the army of officers and petty officers from some
of the best Spanish regiments of engineers. Be-
sides this, a party of young Lieutenants from the
three branches of the land forces are to take ser-
vice in various European armies for two years.
DON'T WANT CLEVELAND AGAIN.
CHICAGo, Feb 3.-The members of the Exec-
utive Committee of the State Central Demo-
cratic Committee at their meeting to-day talked
freely for publication on the Presidential nom-
ination question, with particular reference to
Grover Cleveland and William R Morrison as
prospective nominees of the party.
A majority of the committee were vigorously
outspoken in their opposition to the President
being nominated again, basing their objections
mainly on the third term idea.
Chairman Hinrichten particularly, as the
confidential of Gov. Altgeld, expressed his un-
compromising opposition to putting Cleveland
in nomination for a third term.
All the anti-Cleveland committeemen are
strong supporters of Morrison. and said they
would work, in and out of the committee room,
for his nomination.
FRANCE'S EYES ON EGYPT.
PARIS, Feb. 3-The Messenger says that Baron
de Courcel, French Ambassador to Great Britain,
has been instructed to renew discussion of the:
Egyptian ques-tiou with Lord Salisbury, France-
hoping to profit by the coolness which has arisen
between England and Germany, and expedite
England's evacuation of Egypt France, the paper
says, has iuo entente with Russia upon the Egyp-:
Jane Cald,,, ad's Last Appearance -Poor old Jane'
Cakebiead is once more before the public, prob-
ably for the last time. Her conduct in the
"home" near Reigate, kindly provided for her
lby Liay Henry Somerset, hs not been irreV'roach-
able; inded, it h:a ra-her-been the reverse. Lat-
terly -he becarne very obLtr, perou,. and a doctor
who was consulted has given a certificate that she
is not in her right mind. Her public appearances
may therefore be expected to cease.
BIRTH, on, the 5th instant, at Avocado
Lodge. Prospect, the wife of Captaiu Yolland,
R E, of a daughte-r (stiiiRorn).
DIED.-NICHOLLS -In this town on Thurs-
day, the 9th instant Frances Nicholls, a native
of Bermuda, in her 72nd year, leaving three
daughters, i-even grandchildren and many rela-
tives and friends to mourn their sad bereave.
...... --FUITH.-At East Harbour, Turks
Islands, on the 10th instant, Victor Harwood,
second son of Effie Sweetland and Josiah Alex.
ander Frith, aged three years and four months.
"Now I lay me down to sleep."
.-Rooyal Sandard, Turk's Island, January 18th, 1896
..... -YULE.-At Chambly, Canada, on the
27th January, 1896, Amelia, daughter of the
late William Yule, aged C8 years.
VALUABLE REAL ESTATE
In the Town of Hamilton.
To be Sold by PUBLIC AUCTION
on the premises,
On Tlurslay, ol 27th Febrary inst.,
At 12 Noon,
By order of the Mortgagee under a power of
sale contained in the Mortgage, the
following Real Estate, viz.:
ALL that LOT OF LAND situate in the
Town of Hamilton denominated lot num-
ber Nineteen of the Second cross street of the
snid town, being a corner lot fifty feet square,
and bounded on the North by the third long.
tudinal street of the said town called Church
street, on the East by the Second cross street,
on the South by lot number Seventeen of the
Second cross street, and on the West by lot
nunmier Eleven of the said Third longitudinal
street in the occupation of Mr. R. H. Duerden,
together with the HOUSE or Building there-
on erected and the appurtenances.
JAMES A. CONYERS,
Hamilton, 10 Feby, /96--3 3p
ITAMTTTON CRICKET CLUB.
A SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING
of the above Club will be held (by permission)
H. A, D, CLUB
OnB uray Nuxt, 15th instant,
at 8.30 p.m.
C. S. HIGGS,
Hon. Secty-Treasurer H. C. C.
1fmil.nI,. f 1 Fh ,i T'- 1 %QtW
Short Hand Reports of
Of the House of Assembly for
rpTE Committee of the House of Assembl:
appointed to obtain a prompt and regular
publication of the debates of the House dur-
ing the regular Session of 1896, and until thf
end of the Session if it shall continue into th
following year, invite persons who are pre
pared to contract for the service
to send in Sealed Tenders
marked on the outside cover "Tender fo
Oi or Mor th 31s[ Yarch Neif.
The tenders must state within what tim
after the debates they will be printed anc
published for general use in a local newspa.
per, or if in any other mode of publication ii
what mode or form and at what price the)
will be issued to the public, and must be ac-
companied by a specimen of the type or print
to be used. The Contractor will be required
to furnish to the Clerk of the House within
thirty days after the Close of the Session or
service three printed copies of the debates
bound in cloth and leather, and suitably let-
tered, and during the Session a sufficient num-
ber of copies in sheets, folded and paged as
they are printed off in the form and size used
in 1895 for the usa of the members on paper of
approved quality, a sample of which must ac-
company the tender,
A forfeiture for non-compliance with the
Contract with respect to the time of publica-
tion of the debates will be provided for there-
The amount at the disposal of the Commit,-
tee being limited any claim beyond the amount
granted will, if the cost shall exceed that
amount, have to be referred to the;Legislature.
Tenders must be addressed to the Hon. 8.
Brownlow Gray, Hamilton.
S. BROWNLOW GRAY,
M. S. HUNT, Committee.
Hamilton, 7 February, 1896.-3p 11th, 25th
Feb. & 10th & 24th March.
Onion Box Material
THE UNDERSIGNED HAS ARRANGED
TO IMPORT A CARGO OF
All EXPEDITION 110 NORTH POLF, New York Mail Steamer.
BY SHIP, SLEDGES & BALLOONS.
MECH ANICS' [ HA L L,
TUESDAY, FEB Y. 18,
Commander Cheyne, R. N.
A New Illustrated Lime Light
"Th 1Disovery of the North Pole
By Ship, Sledges and Balloons."
SYLLABUS AND PROGI;AMHME OF SOME
OF THE VIE WS.
THE DISCOVERY or THE NOiTHi POLIE PRACTICABLE.
Geographical position--Expedition leaves Eng-
land-Ocean Currents-A Gale in the Pack Ice-
Island of Disco-Esquinaux Men : their habits
and custom-An Esquimaux Marriage--Formal
tion of Ice-Great Glacier of Greenland-Gigant-c
Iceberg-Floating Iceberg-Greeuland Scenery-
Shipwreck in the Ice in Melville .Bay-A Danger-
ous Situation-The Crow's Nest at. the Mast Head
-Ico Fields-Forcinza Channel-Clearinmc a Chan-
nel-Ancient Ice-The New Route-(Map)-St.
Patrick Bay-Coal Bed-Winter Quarters-Spring
Travelling Parties--Balloons for reaching the
North Pole-Starting the Balloons-Landing the
Balloons-Crossing Mountains in Balloons-Sledge
Travelling-Pitching the Tents-Sledge Party in
Snow gStorm-The Polar Bear-Adventures with
Bears-Musk ;Ox-Express Sledg e for the Pole--
Returning from the Pule-Homeward Bound-
Eddystone Lighthouse by Day and Night-Enter
Portsmout'h Harbour-In Dock-The Queen.
This new Entertainment will be illustrated by-
50 entirely new and beautiful Lime Light Views.
Size of views from Stage to Ceiling of Hall.
Doors Open at 7.30 p.m. Commence at 8 o'clock,
Carriages may be ordered for 10 o'clock.
Reserved Seats 2s. 1Unreserved is.
Plan and Tickets at Royal Gazette Office on
and after Friday next.
Due Here During first week in March.
A Cargo of 40,000 Onion Boxes,
LATHS, HAY, LUMBER. etc.,
Expected about 15th March.
The above will be offered on arrival at!
S. S. INGHAM,
February 5, 1896.-
REAL ESTA TE
The Undersigned has been instructed to sell
at PUBLIC AUCTION on the premises
at 12 noon on
Friday, 21st qy of February instant,
that very desirable Property situated in
Bailey's Bay, consisting of the
*'31 and LAND of the late HENRY HIL-
&I TON OUTERBRIDGE, fronting on the
Main road, bounded Easterly by the residence
of Dr. T. A. Outerbridge, ,Westerly by the
Church road, and Southerly by land of Mrs.
Trott Outerbridge. A CLEAR LEGAL
W. T. ROBERTS,
Feb 10/96-2 3p
By Public Auction
UNDER TdlE BIG SHED,
In front of the Stores of the
On Thursday Next,
The 13th instant, at 1 o'ch ck.
100 boxes choice Smoked Herrings,
25 sacks Table Potatoes,
10 pieces English Bacon,
5 barrels V.P. Sugar,
10 boxes choice Layer Raisins,
10 boxes, Sugar, Lemon and Soda Biscuits,
4 boxes Macaroni, 10 lbs each,
40 tins Pure Lard,. 5 lbs each,
6 casks Port Wine, 30 gals. each,
10 tubs New York Butter,
3 hhds English Stout,
10 Great Coats and 10 Capes for same,
3 half brls Jamaica Sour Limes,
4 bags Red Onions,
25 boxes Blue Soap, 281bs each,
10 barrels Yellow Turnips,
300 lbs Pearl Barley,.in lots,
12 gross Safety Matches,
500 good medium sized Cocoanuts,
10 drums Halifax Codfish,
500 lbs fresh Shredded Oats, in lots,
25 brls choice Table Potatoes,
1 Cow, in Calf,
2000 lbs condemned Navy Biscuit from
Her Majesty's Victualling Yard.
B. W. WALKER & CO.,
To Spray your Potato Fields ?
Minimize the labor of spraying
by using Strawsonite."
Each bag of this mixture contains
a little measure ; two measurefuls
to an Antipest and the trouble is
No Weighing--No Testing.
MR. J. H. POWE, Potato Merchant, Dun-
bar, Scotland, writes :--
DUNBAR, 2nd November, 1895.
The use of your Strawsonite" for two sea-
sons, sprayed by your niachine, has given ex-
cellent results, and has confirmed me in the
opinion that the Potato Blight is almost, if
not altogether, conquered. The spraying in-
vigorates the haulm, and seems to vitalise the
plants to resist stimospheric attacks. The
Potato thus grows its natural term, and in.
creases in crop and [Sproduces its natural qual-
ity. This is my experience.
MR. COLEMAN GILL AN, Kilronan,
Arran Island, Co. Galway, writes:-
I sprayed the Potato crop twice. There was
a conspicuous difference between the sprayed
and not sprayed crop : those sprayed kept
green and growing three weeks after the
others had turned black. There was 50 per
cent. increase. The quality is better; and
" Strawsonite" applied,. as per directions, is
undoubtedly a success, and after its merits
have become recognized, will, I am sure, be
generally adopted by all Potato Growers.
T. J, PEARMAN,
E have added to our Stock a fill line of
ENGLiSH JAND )AMERICAN STA-
TIONERY. Fine quality--low prices.
XR. DARRELL & CO.,
No. 2 Queen Street.
February 7th, 1896 -3 3S.
The R. M. Str.
P. J. FRASER, Master,
WILL LEAVE THE PORT OF HAMILTON
DIRECT FOR SEA
On Thursday, 13th Fdbrlary, 1896,
At 1O A. M.
Specie on Freight and General Freight will
be received until 6 p. m. Wednesday, Feb.
12, excepting Green Vegetables for Chill Room
which will be taken until 7 a, m., Thursday,
13th. Bills of Lading will be signed until
8.30 a. m., Thursday 13th Feby. ,
Passengers Baggage will be received from
7 to 9 a.m. Thursday 13th Feby.
Passengers' stage will be removed at 9.30
a.m., Thursday 13th Feby.
The R.M.S. Trinidad" will leave
New York for return on Wednesday 19th
Importers are requested to remove their
goods from Warehouse on or before 20th inst.,
as it will be cleared on that date.
TROTT & COX,
Hamilton, Bda., Feb. 11, 1896.
V: :-.^ R.
H. M. DOCKYARD, BERMUDA,
3rd February, 1896.
WILL BE RECEIVED UP TO 12 NOON,
Feb. 24, 1896.
For the supply of the undermentioned articles
and services to H. M. Dockyard,
ships and vessels, for 12 months,
from the 1st April next :-
FRESH BEEF and MUTTON,
FODDER for Yard Teams,
CARIAGE HIRE between Hamilton and
HORSE, CART and DRIVER (hire of)
WASHING TOWELS, etc.,
STORAGE of COAL From Colliers,
PURCHASE OF OLD IRON.
Forms of Tender can be obtained upon ap-
plication to the Naval Storekeeper, H. M.
The right to reject any ar all of the Tend, rs
By order of the Captain-inCharge,
H. 0. MAULE,
H. M. Dockyard, Bermuda.'
RICH CUT GLASS,
Wedding Gifts, &c.
50 & 52 West 23rd Street, N. Y.
We will send you a handsome, illustrated
Catalogue for the asking.
February 7th, 1896.-3 3p.
TWO IMPORTED COWS.
carrying SECOND CALVES. Due to calve
in March next.
Two Newly Imported Cows,
giving 16 quarts of milk per day. For further
v it Ul l tn.jpi +n
par cuiars happy To
February 8th, 1896.-2
On Saturday Morning last between Prospect
Cricket Field and Princess Hotel,
Two Tortoise-s8h1 & Silver side Combs.
The finder will be rewarded or
same at Princess Hotel Office.
Hamilton, Feby 11, 1896.-1 pd
A GREY PARROT.
The finder will be liberally REWARDED
on returning same at
"BELLE VUE," PAGET.
Feb, 11, 1896. -1
Last Evening between the steam-
ship "Trinidad" and the Prin-
A Ladly's Blact Leather Sholpin Bag,
Containing a Gold Watch, Cards bearing
the owner's name, &c.
The finder will be rewarded on returning
game at a. Offo f fircnea rofQl
BERMUDA, Alias 1
SOMERS' ISLANDS. I
By His Excellency THOMAS CASEY
LYONS, c. B., Geheral,
Chief, Vice Admiral and Or-
dinary, in and over these is-
lands, &c., &c., &c.
WHEREAS RICHARD DARRELL DAR-
RELL hasprayed for administration on
the Estate of JAMES SEARS TUCKER lateof
St. George's Parish in these Islands, deceased.
THIS is therefore to give notice, that if any
Person or Persons can shew any just cause
why the said Administration should not be
granted unto the said RICHARD DARRELL
DARRELL, he, she, or they are to file his, her,
or their Caveat in writing, in the Secretary's
Office of these Islands within Fifteen days
from the publication' hereof, otherwise the
said Administration will be granted accord-
Dated at the Secretary's Office, 1
this 10th day of February, 1896.1
SUPPLIES to theo LUNATIC ASYLUM
Colonial Secretary's Office,
Hamilton, 10th February, 1890.
Sealed Tenders in Duplicate,
WILL BE RECEIVED
AT THIS OFFICE, ON OR BEFORE
S -A-U :DA.,
the 14th day of March next, at noon,
From persons desirous of entering into all or
any of the undermentioned Contracts, viki
Supply of BREAD,
"" MILK, [Meat,
<" FRESH MEAT, Salt and Preserved
POTATOES and other Vegetables,
CANDLES and KEROSENE OIL0
CLOTHING and BEDDING.
FURNITURE and UTENSILS.
A list of the articles to be furnished can be
seen on application at this office.
Probable quantities required to be aicer-
tained by enquiring of the. Medical Superin-
tendent, who will also furni`9h.any other in-
Persons tendering are requested to notice
that when quantities are not specified, the
articles are to be tendered for by the pound,
and they are also requested to specify the ar-
ticles in the same order as the lists in this
office; to furnish samples of material of articles
to be supplied under list No. 2; and to state
prices for all the articles enumerated.
1.-The Contracts to commence on thqe st
April, 1896, and to run to March 31st, 1S97,
to be determninable upon three months' notice
being given by either party, such notice to be
given on the first of the month.
2.---The Contractors will be required to
enter into bond with two approved sureties in
one third of the approximate value of the
articles to be supplied, for the fulfilment of
the Contracts. ,
3-The articles must be of a quality to be
approved by the Medical Superintendent and
be delivered at the Asylum on such days and
at such hours as he may direct.
4.-An invoice regularly numbered, must'
be sent with every delivery, and willbe retain-
ed by the Overseer, who will give a receipt
with corresponding number.
5.-Every delivery is to be covered by a
written Order : the Orders and Receipts will
be produced to the Audit Board.
6.-The Bills and Books will be made up
monthly and certified by the Medical Super-
7.-Payment will be made quarterly, the
accounts having been previously duly certified
by the Medical Superintendent and audited.
8.-If from defect of delivery, or from un-
suitable quality, the Medical Supeirintendent
is obliged to obtain supplies elsewhere, the
Contractor for the supply of the articles defi-
cient or unsuitable will be liable for any
9.--Each tender must be enclosed in an
envelope addressed to the Colonial Secretary,
and marked on the outside "Tender for Sup-
plies to the Lunatic Asylum."
10.-Forms of Tender, required to be use6
for the services, can be obtained at this Office.
2 Colonial Secretary.
An Intelligent BOY whose duty
will chiefly be to attend a Telephone in as
office in this Town. .
Apply by letter addressed
A. B. G.
c/o Royal Gazette" Ofl..
Hamilton, Feby. 11, 1896.-1
UNCLAIMED LETTERS IN THE POST
OFFICE, HAMILTON, EB. 7, 1896.
Miss E M Baxter, Charles D Bark, Mrs 0 H
Brulton, A S Bean, Joseph Barrett, B B Bailey,
Henry Guy Coulton, S/s Calorie," S A W Dar-
rell, 1' J Dinell, W H Elliot, Gertrude E Fouda,
Frank L Gibson, Chas D Hawkins, Fannie Hays,
Capt Jas Haskett, Mrs Cap, Hartley, Fredk H
Hamilton, Mrs L J D H ustwaite, Olif l Johnson-
Mrs W H Jones, AMiss S D Jones, J Johnson, 8/s
"Kate Fawcult," Samuel Lambert, Janet Gabring,
Tilly Murphy, Denis O'M3Ihouey, Elizabeth U-
Murray, Sch Mellacoree," S/s "Ohio,"' Geo W
Penny, Cora Raig, Mrs S P Sheldon, WV H Smith,
J Henry Smith, A Stowe, Louis F Swift, Dr
Smith, Robert C Siii:und, Thos Thowds, Mrs H
B Wardboff, Eieauor Walker, A Woodlook, BeaJ
BERMUDA ROYAL i GAZETTE.
[ From the Social Economist. ]
THE, LEGAL MERITS OF VENEZUELA'S
The Spanish in the new world retain much
of the uncompromising spirit of the old gran-
dees of, Castile and Aragon. Their inviron-
mfent is American, and of the new world; but
their pride and adhesion to old landmarks and
traditions maintain them in close alliance to
their Spanish ancestry, who would risk but
Little and yield nothing. This is apparent to
any one who candidly examines Executive
Document, No. 226 of the 50th Congress, First
Session, in which the President transmits to
Congress the documents relating to the pend-
ing dispute between Venezuela and Ureat Bri-
itain concerning the boundaries between British
Guiana and Venezuela.
American editors and some American states-
men have freely assumed that because Great
Britain has might on her side therefore Vene-
zuela must have the right on hers, or there
would be no contest. Weak powers do not
usually stir up groundless strife with strong
ones. But we discover on the persual of these
documents that the essential boundary ques-
tion, with the same merits as it possesses to-
-day, has been pending 315 years. During an
early stage of this dispute the rights now be-
longing to mighty Great Britain then belonged
to the little and weak Netherlands, who were
at that time in some sort of national freedom
or partial vassalage to Spain.
The rights now held by little Venezuela were
then held by mighty Spain, under its great
Philips, from Philip II to Philip V; yet when
the power was thus reversed and the Kings of
Spain could, with their little finger, have easily
bent the claims of the Netherlands in South
America to suit their will, they did not drive
`out all the non-Spanish occupants of the ter
ritory between the Essequibo and the Orinoco,
nor compel their allegiance ,to Spain. This
task, which Spain in the zeinth of her power
would not perform against a petty state which:
wa3 for a time her vassal, the United States are
now asked, in the name of the Monroe doctrine,
-to do onr behalf of Venezuela. Nearly three
centuries have passed since Spainmpermitted the
adverse possession of the Dutch.to begin, and
avery year of the intervening time has tender
to strengthen the possessory title, against
which we are now asked to insist upon arbi
tration or to take up arms; .
Of course it requires careful examination o:
the documents to ascertain that this is the true
state of the case. But when the actual facts
have thus been arrived at, the principle of in
ternational law that governs it is clear.
Spain discovered America and particularly
the whole coast of Venezuela and Guiana, and
so obtained a clear right to settle and colonize
any and all parts of that coast. This was an
inchoate right of property which would become
absolute jurisdiction whenever and wherever:
her subjects founded colonies and held posses
sion. Spain actually colonized and settled ol
established missions on the Orinoco shortly
after 1531. Some of her missions were-in thi
Snow disputed territory, but the Spanish built n
forts or towns and carried on no permanent in
dustries in the part of the coast lying between
the Orinoco and the Essequibo, though he
troops or exp< editions made two efforts to drivi
out the Dutch settlers who had done so. Fron
the fist, therefore, as early as 1580, it was
question between Spanish abstract right to
colonize, acquired by discovery and Dutch
actual possession, acquired by occupancy a
points which Spanish Settlement had left open
In support of Venezuela's right, her diplo
mats, on page 27 of Doc. No. 226, quote Vatte
on the Law of Nations, Book II, oh. 7: "Every
thing included in the country belonging to the
nation and nobody besides itself, or he t
whom it has devolved its right, being able t(
dispose of it. .. If it has left uncuitivate
and desert places in the country, nobody has
the right to take possession of them without its
consent. Although it makes no actual use of
them, these places belong to it, it h:is an inte.
rest in preserving them for future use, and
ought not to be accountable to any person for
the manner in which it makes use of its pro
This text refers to the waste places in ar
old country whose settlements surround and
contain these waste places, and not to the un-
occupied parts of a new continent like the
Ouianas, Barina, Moruca and Pumeron coast,
in 1598., This is plain from such other texts ol
Vattel as the following (Book II, cli. 7) :
"Itmay happen that a nation may be con.
tented with possessing only certain places ox
appropriating to itself certain rights in a coun
try that has not a master, and be little desirous
of possessing the whole country. Ini this case
another may take what the first has neglected ;
but this cannot be done without allowing them
li entire and absolute independence with
respect to all the rights acquired by the first."
Again (ch. 11) Vattel says: "We ought not
then to consider property as so extensive and
secure a right that it can be absolutely neglect-
ed during a long space of time, notwit standing
all the inconveniences that may happen 'to
hpman society by the proprietor resolving to
make use of it according to his caprice. Why
does the law of nature order all to respect this
right of property in him who possesses it, if it
is not for the peace, safety and advantage of
human society ? 'Nature must, then, from the
same reason, require that every proprietor who,
for a long time, and without any just reason,
neglects his right, should be presumed to have
entirely renounced and abandoned it. This is
what forms the absolute presumption or juris
et de jure of its being abandoned, and upon
which another is legally entitled to appropriate
tHe- thing abandoned to himself," Again,.
"*TUsucaption and prescription (title by posses-
sion and length of time) are founded in the
law of nature, arb equally a part of the law of
nations and ought to take place between differ.
enuat ttea. Sofar is the nature of the subject
from 'forming' aiy exception, that usucaption
aOal prescription are much more necessarily
used between sovereign states than between
individuals. Were it permitted to have
constatly recourse to ancient times, there are
fmw soyereigns who would enjoy their rights
in security, and there would be no peace to be
hoped for on earth" .....
With law thus made clear, it is easy to see
what is the effect of the facts. Not one of the
lawyers commissioned by Venezuela to speak
for der claims that, since the first few priests
followed the discoverers into the country in,
dispute in 1531 as itinerant missionaries to the
natives, and not as settlers, there has I.een any
settlement or colonizing by the Spanish of ever
soesmall a part of the country between Punta
Barima, at the mouth of the Orinoco, the ex.
trome western point to which great Britain
claims, and the Essequibo. Nor do any of
Venezuela's diplomats (Caleano inlb 76, Cama-
cho in 1880, Seijas in 1882, and Soteldo in 1885)
fail to admit that what they call the "intru-
sions" of settlers, resident population, or arm-
ed, forcible and continuous occupiers, into the
Iiow disputed territory from 1585 to date, have
.... ..... ...,.a l.,-r. llw.t ii. ownt v sm nr- olitah 0 on
1BLAI1, CAMPUIRELL McLEAN,
SCOTT, A -NTD
spiAKERS of Distilling and
-'a- Sugar Boiling Plant of
every description; Blair's
Patent Continuous Working A
Steam Stills to produce rum
and spirits of best quality
and strength in one operation
guaranteed to extract all the
spirit from the wash. These Stills are the most economical and best
made: Coffey's" Patent Stills, Pot Stills for direct firing or steam jacket-
ted, Vacuum Pans in iron or copper, Open Sugar Pans or Teaches, Defecators,
Clarifiers, Wetzel Pans, Boilers, Centrifugals, &c., &c.
SPECIALTY :-Copper and Brass Work of every description."
ESTABLISHED OVER HALF A CENTURY.
TELEGRAPHIC ADDRESS.-" Blazon,"
Glasgow, A.B.C. Code used
overflow from what is now British Guiana, ex-
cept when, on two occasions, 1595 and 1665, the
Spanish temporarily drove the Dutch across
the Essequibo, and on a third occasion, 1797,
they were repulsed in the effort to do so. Even
these successive attempts to dislodge them, too,
prove their continued occupancy. Had the
Dutch troops come into the same territory on
a like errand, they would have found no Span-
ish population to dislodge.
, It is Mr. Seijas on behalf of Venezuela who,
s on page 26 of the document alluded to, says
r that in 1596 they (the Spanish) immediately
drove the Dutch from it (the Essequibo) who
e attempted to cross it;" also that "in 1779 a
Spanish commissioner sent to investigate"
e found that the Dutch had in Motuca a post,
e although insignificant, since it only consisted
d of two dismantled cannon and some swivel
guns, and he recommended, however, for the
security of the new settlements which might
be made [but never were. -E-1. Econ.] the
f dislodgment of the Dutch from said post."
e While Moruca is but a few leagues west of
the Essequibo River, the maintenance of a fort
there a century ago, which the Spanish resolv-
ed to capture but did not, along with other set-
tlements, forts and trading stations at different
d and often earlier dates, from the Barima and
I Barama Rivers to Punta Barima on the Orinoco
n itself serves to spread the continuous and un-
e interrupted occupation by the Dutch directly
r across the coast line in front of the whole ter-
- ritory in dispute.
r Whatever country owns the coast line may
run any reasonable line from its coast back to
y the interior. The utmost line claimed by Lord
Salisbury runs from this point, Barima, souLth
o ward along the line of the nearest mountains
n to Brazil. Modern example and precept justify
r the selection of mountain summits as better
e than rivers as boundary lines, since the former
a make a more natural barrier between popula-
a tions, while rivers are almost sure to gather
homogeneous populations on both their banks.
h It is a fact worthy of note that the Venezuelan
t map, published by authority of the Venezuelaia
a government and furnished I, it to our own,
government, notes down every Venezuelan
hamlet and town, but they all fall outside ol
l the farthest line drawn by Schaumburgk,
Aberdeen, Granv-ille or Salisbury as the outer
e line of the British Frontier. But within the
disputed territory, though it contains nearly as
, large a population as Caracas, the Venezuelan
I map notes no settlement or town whatever.
s The Venezuelan government fails to note on
s its official map of the territory in dispute the
I towns and settlements which now occupy it,
but maps it without the population marks
Which are required to make the map a true
r and accurate map. The producers of such a
r map in a court of justice would be at an evi-
l dent disadvantage.
Against the case made on behalf of Guiana
Sby an uninterrupted possession for three hun-
dred and ten )ears, Venezuela opposes the
charge that the whole of this possession was
s usurpation, intrusion and violation of treaties,
f and their diploinatists insist thit a good title
cannot be obtained by prescription or lapse of
time where possession is wrongfully usurped
.in the first instance. Unfortunately for the
Venezuelan contention, the whole purpose of
3 prescription is to cut off inquiry into the ques-
tion whether the original acquirement of pos
session was with or without right. If it coul.I
not do that, it would not be ia itself a valid
and peremptory source of title.
But our citations from Vattel show that the
occupancy of lands left vacant by an original
discoverer is neither a usurpation nor an in-
trusion, but the beginning of a lawful title. If
the Dutch could get no title by occupancy to
coasts which the Spanish had merely discover-
ed, but had not settled, then, as Lord Aber-
deen remarks (p. 30), the English could have
no present right to any part of Guiana. as it
was all first discovered by Spaniards, and only
belonged to the Dutch by occupancy, or what
the Venezuelans in their present argument
would be compelled to call usurpation."
The treaty of Munster, male between Spain
and the Netherlands in 1648, is strongly quoted
by Venezuela as binding the two states, each
to leave the other in possession of the territory
in America which it was then occupying. The
historians and geographers, maps and travel-
lers of the period between 1648 and 1799 are
only in seeming conflict, About aft equal
formation represent the territory in dispute as
Spanish by right or as occupied by the Dutch,
both of which are consistent The only occa-
sions between 1580 and 1797 when the Spanish
intervened at any of the pjiuts in the disputed
territory were when they came with the strong
hand to drive out the "Datch who had made
their homes there. But though the Spanish
government ordered to wna and forts to be
builtatvarious points, they were never built,
and no Spanish or Venezuelan populations
seem ever to have occupied any part of the dis-
puted territory. The Venezuelan comnmission-
ers virtually admit the plea of Lords Aberdeen
and Salisbury that the occupation has never
been Spanish, in the following words (p. 3o):
"To deliver up territories in which popula-
Unions have been founded cannot help produc-
ing grievances, in, that all; the world is in' ac-
cord. But the convenient is not the right,
neither can it be confoundeil with it. He who
has occupied a thing not his own remains with
the obligation to restitute it whenever it is de-
manded of him, and to indemnify all the dam-
ages consequent upon the illicit act."
., This bases the whole Venezuelan case on the
bald and single issue that Spanish discovery
gives not merely the first right to occupy, and
by occupation to acquire, title, but that it
gives. without occupation, a perfected title
which makes occupation by others perpetually
Such a pretense is in contradiction to the
clear teachings of Vattel and of every other
writer on the law of nations. Indeed, it con.
tradicts the plain principles of common sense.
The Venezuelans have offered on two occa-
sions to run the boundary line in a manner
which would give British Guiana more or less
territory on the western bank of the Essequibo.
Lord Salisbury declines to arbitrate so much
as is conceded by one of these offers.
If the line should be run as demanded by
Lord Salisbury in 1880. from Point Barima, on
the mouth of the Orinoco, where the Dutch
seem to have had their fort, from about 1589 to
1768, no American statesman could declare
that it involved a claim not justified by nearly
two centuries of exclusive Dutch possession.
If the line should run thence to the nearest
mountain tops, follow then to the river Cuyu-
ni and up that river to Brazil, it would be a
logical and severe line; but it does not appear
that it would involve the surrender by Venez-
uela of any of her own population to English
rule. On the contrary, the surrender of this
territory to Venezuela would abandon 40,000
British and descendants of Dutch residents to
a Spanish jurisdiction which they have for
centuries refused to acknowledge.
Mere discovery does not give a perfect title.
It gives only a prior opportunity to obtain a
title by occupying. In this case the Spaniards
have always claimed but never occupied. The
movement into a country to reside there, of a
population acknowledging a national jurisdic-
Stion is necessary to perfect a national title to
We are wary of uttering a word in behalf
of British pretensions to foreign territory, for
we are deeply sensible of the aggressive ten-
dency of British diplomacy in all parts of the
world. They have ever been hungry for con-
*: qlIet. and assert their title to o ownership, andl
enforce their claims, especially against weak
Station ., on the slini,mest evidence. In all
Ssuch Tmatters EnglaAd's policy is to give itself
i the benefit of the do'-bt; but in the present
Sc.tse, so as far as official doculnents throw any
Slight. on the subject, the facts are ag';inst the
Venezuelan claim. To be 'right is better even
r than to be against the British.
A KENTUCKY ORATOR'S FLIGHT.
The Hon. Cyrus M. Brown Representative in
tha Kentucky Lneislature from Christian County,
mi ikin a nomination for Speaker in the Repub-
lican legislative caucus, thus soared:
In 1863 Mr. Blanford, for gallant conduct on
the field, was promoted to the rank of Second
Liouten it, and in 1865, for more gallant conduct,
to tlihe rank of Captain. On the field of carnage,
where bullets flow thickest and blood ran freest,
he was ever to be found. And on valor's red
roll he wrote hi- nume high on the marble column
of immortality." In fact, I have been told by those
who were with him, when the battle's fierce glare
p iuted hell on the skies," that he wai, like old
Marshal Ney, the bravest of the brave; that no
'in re kuijhtly or chivalrous mm ever drew a sword,
followed a flag, or rode to death. When the
wicked, cruel wir was over, and peace, ever blessed
4nd white winged, was restored to our glorious
country; when the dove had builded its nast the
cannon's mouth and the smoke,of battle hid gone
to sleep on the blue sky ab ve, he returned to the
p-tceful pursuits of life and Breckinridge has no
more u4ful citizen within her bounds then he.
Vote for him, gentlemen, nud you will have done
your state, valiant service. Elect him and dying
you will never wish to ,lot it. Vote for him and
g.) to your homes, kin your loved ones, kneel
do,vn by your badside- .. y your prayers, throw
yourselves upon your d,,'uv couch and as "tired
nature's sweet restore" and 4eIth's twin sister,"
sleep, steals over you like the memory of a mother's
last kiss, sleep on, sleep the s!eep of the righteous,
con.cioai ia your own booms th.ti when the last
trump shall sound and time it-elf is worn out like
a garment, and th- heivens are rolled up like a
scroll, if the Recordling Angel has done his duty
on th; lel-ger books of hi.(h Heaven there will be
found a s .uillbalance in fivor of each of you.
S. PETERsBUEG, Jan. 28.-From information
obitiued o' the best possible authority I am able
tu state that nothing is known here about the sup-
'posed treaty between Russia and Turkey.
The report of such a treaty caused a great deal
of attend ion in diplomatic circles inSt. Petersburg,
but in the view of those best informed there is
nothing more behind the report than the good un-
derstandin; which prevails between the two coun.-
i This was outlined in the "Herald" ten days
ago in an article referring to the visit of Aariff
Pacha here with presents to the Czar, a display of
friendliuess that arose because of the kind spirit
shown by Nicholas II. toward the Sultan at the
ti;ne when the other Powers adopted a very men
In diplomatic circles here the supposed treaty
is not credited at all,
i:, & 1B4t T A DThTT r Tl A'TI
Fr-k L AOD UTI DBUjI-iu.LI .
LoNDon, Jan. 28.-The Times will to-morrow
print a telegram received from and signed by
British residents in Johannesburg, South African
republic. The despatch declares that the situa-
tion is very dangerous.- The Boer forces, it says,
re arrogantly dictatorial with their own Execu.
tive, and are deadly opposed to granting reforms
for the benefit of the Uitlanders. The forces are
SLill concentrated around the town. The Execu.
choosing a site for a fort. The despatuh
xat a catastrophe can only be averted by the
^2 Mirsawnt manai-m_
ABOUT RUSSIAN WORKING MEN.
The Russian workman, says the Daily News,
spends very little for food, lodging, and dress, as
compared with the foreign artisan. Coming from
the village, he is very modest in his demands. His
food is very simple, but it is abundant, and ano-
wers to his taste. In Moscow, for example, the
board of a workman amounts to no more than ten
shillings per month. In order to reduce the cost
of living, the workmen form associations or club,
called artels," and board together. An artel is
generally formed either of workmen from the same
village or district or of the same factory section
they choose a chief to arrange the affairs of the
club, and have several members authorised to con-
trol the chief, called the starosta." The latter
* buy provisions, engage the cook, keep the accounts,
and calculate what each member of the artel has
to pay. The accounts are then presented to the
administration of the factory, who pays them out
of the earnings of the workmen. The administra-
tion furnishes the artel with a kitchen, fuel,
water, and an eating-room free, costing the fact,
ory about two copecks per workman. Owing to
such organizations, the workmen receive cheap and
good food. The boarding expenses are not, of
course, uniform, and depend largely upon the earn?
ings of the workmen forming the artel. There are
workmen earning 60 roubles (about 6 10s.) 4
month, who allow themselves more dainty food*
but even then their board doe, not amount to more
than seven or eight roubles a month each. It is thd
custom in many large factories for the workmen to
keep their own provision stores. In such shops
the workmen not only get all their provisions at'
the market price, but they receive a dividend of
from 3 to 6 per cent on their purchases. Unfor-
tunately these shops are not so much in vogue as
they might be, but in their stead there are, in all
large factories out of town, shops which, in the
quantity and variety of their goods, are no worse
than the town g'rovries. In these every workman
has the right to take on credit, on account of hi4
earnings, all that he requires up to a certain limit |
the prices are the same asdn the open market, and
sometimes even lower. The workman ts not., how.
ever, hound to purchalo everything" he requires ini
the shops annexed to the factories; he can go else;
where, but as a rule he avoids doing so; and the
best. proof of this is that as soon as an artel shop
is opened in connection with a factory, all the
other shops in the neighborhood begin by degrees
to close, as all their customers, chiefly factory
workmen, fall off. Moreover, with the permission
of the administration, weekly bazaars are organ-
ised in the factories, arid to these the local pea-
sants' bring flour, potatoes, cabbage, and other
produce, so that workmen tmet good and cheap
foodstuffs to last them some time.
BERLIN, Jan. 26.-In an interview with an old
and intimate friend and co-worker in the political
arena Prince Bismarck said that Germany had no
business whatever to meddle in foreign complica-
tions unless German interests were directly 'men-'
aced or assailed. If the Powers have grouped
themselves definitely either for or against certain,
causes, what of it ? Germany has still time to
decide to what extent her interests are involve .
The rash actions which the Emperor has some-
times indulged in, the United Press' informumit
said, must be credited to the fact that th' Kaiser's
state of health is unt always normal. His irrita-
bility, caused by worrying and frequent violent
headaches, had often accounted for a quick word
or deed on his part It may be added, too, that
he sleeps very little, in fact, not sufficiently to en-
able him to maintain his health. The present
government of Germany is deprived of all iuitia.-
tive in the management or direction of politics.
The Emperor dir.'ts everything personally, and
his Ministers and Secretaries of State are merely
his executive officials.
VAOOCINATIQN FOR DIPHTHERIA.
A very striking return has been presented by M.
YAonod, the Oicer of Health to the French Home
Office, giving the n' nbir of death from diphthe-
ria in the 108 large towns (with over 20,000 intabi-
tants) of France in the first six mouths of 1894
and 1895-that is to say, before and after the pro-
cess of vaccination with serum had been commen-
ced. The returns not only denote a very great
diminution, but one that.is constantly progressing,
from 56 per cent in Jun. to74 percent in June. The
returns for the las-t six months of this and last
year are likely, thert'oro, to be still more satisfac-
tory. The number of deaths fro i, dliph'heria' in
these 104 towns in the first six months of 1894
was 2,626, and in the same perioi this yeir 901;- '1
THE BERMPUDA POCKET
AT T lA.rA.O ,
IGUIDE AND DIRECTORY,
SITE E T,
May be obtained of
Mr. George 1). Boyle, St. U(eorges,
Mr. R. Galloway, Inspector of
Police, R. N. Yard,
Mr. J. B. Zuill's Store, Somerset,
and the "Royal Gazette" Store.
Hamilton, January 27, 1896,
Bermfa Gym. and Assemb BRooms,
REID STREET, HAMILTON.
MR. SLEE, PROFS. NORMAN AND MCQUARRIE.
Select Classes now forming.
Juveniles meet every Wednesday at 4 p. m.
and Saturday at 3 p, m.
Adults Tuesday:& Friday, at 8 p. m.
Private classes and lessons at any hour.
Classes formed at any part of the Island.
All kinds of Fancy and Stage Dances com-
posed and taught with greatest rapidity,
Special attention paid to Childrens' classes
Clog and Jig Dancing a specialty.
Terms easy. Send for circular.
Open daily, from 9 a. m. to 11 p. m.
N. B.-First class bowling alleys in
MAPS OF BERMUDA
IN HANDY POCKET FORM.
A New and Practical
JAMEs M. FARNSWORTH,
' ROYAL GAZETTE MA
Published at the
SROYAL GAZETTE &
ES TA BL SM i EN T
Also, Admiralty Charts andiSheet Maps
Of the Islands.
ON SALE AT THE
Royal Gazette" Stationery Store
p .4 -- -
BEFORE uaINs AFLn EusING.
IF Y 'J WANT A
USE DR. R OSA'$
H A -'!A!I3 j is TIE GREATEST
('WITcHAZEL) I HEALER.
IS THE GREATEST
FOR SALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
DB. RosA Co., MONTrcAIR, 3N. J,, U. S. A.
At 4 3 4 per M,
and SLATS of almost any dimensions
Special terms can be made by p]Jrclhsers of
20 M, or upwards, for delivery.
JOHN S. DARRELL & JAMES.
St. Georges, Jdnuary 10, 1896.
COLONIsT please copy.
~, Ii ~
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1New Moun 13 day 11 h 5$ m a.m.
TuR Bn &muDA ROTUL GAZETTE is published every
Tuesday by GRuGOoRy ,y LEE, *rinter to the
Queen's Most Excellent Majesty,
AT HIS OFFICE,
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.- Hamilton, '
where Blanks, Hand-bills, &c, will be printed
t the shortest notice, '
TELEPHONE No. 144.
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equett d to give their orders for same by TmVas.
AYs at noon, as the first side of the adzttte for the
allowing week is closed on that day.
The "Bermuda Royal Gazette" is on file in
London, at the Imperial Institute; at the offices of
Messrs. Robert G. Lee & Co., 8 Jetfrey's Square,
-tL Mary Axe, E.G. In NYtw Tok, at Mebsrs Middle
ton & Co., 60 and 02 New Street; at the Maritime
Register Office, 91 Maiden Lane, and ie Sarbados
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