Group Title: Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder.
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
ALL ISSUES CITATION ZOOMABLE PAGE IMAGE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076588/00234
 Material Information
Title: The Royal gazette, Bermuda commercial and general advertiser and recorder
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: D.M. Lee
Place of Publication: Hamilton Bermuda
Publication Date: -1920
Frequency: three times a week[jan. 1910-dec. 1920]
weekly[ former 1828-]
semiweekly[ former -dec. 1909]
three times a week
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Newspapers -- Hamilton (Bermuda Islands)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Bermuda Islands   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bermuda Islands -- Hamilton
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1828?
Dates or Sequential Designation: -v. 93, no. 153 (Dec. 30, 1920).
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Jan. 22, 1828).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076588
Volume ID: VID00234
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 46887227
lccn - sn2003060500
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bermuda gazette (Hamilton, Bermuda Islands : 1821)
Succeeded by: Bermuda colonist
Succeeded by: Royal gazette and colonist daily

Full Text
















BERMUDA COMMERCIAL AND GENERAL ADVERTISER AND RECORDER.


VOL. LXXXII.--No. 51. HAMILTON, BERMUDA, SATURDAY, JUNE 26, 1909. 20s. PER ANNUM


RETURNED FROM BERMUDA.

CHAS. E. HOYER ROYALLY ENTERTAIN-
ED-ACCOMPANIED BY SHERIFF BARTH.
Charles E. Hoyer, of Stapleton Heights, who
was one of the delegates representing the New
York Press Club at the eighteenth convention of
the International League of Press Clubs, held at
Bermuda from May 22 to 27, returned home on
Saturday, having bad a most delightful time at
the Island of the Oleander, one of the most pictur-
esque garden spots in the world, and its people
among the most hospitable to be found.
The delegates sailed from New York on May
20, and after a most delightful sail of forty-
eight hours, arrived at Hamilton, Bermuda,
where newspaper men and women, eighty-nine
in all, were greeted by the Bermuda Ppess Club,
the mayor and citizens of the entire island, who
escorted the members of the league to the Hotel
Hamilton, which was the headquarters during
their five days' stay on the island.
On Empire Day the visitors were .the guests of
His Excellency General Walter Kitchener, broth-
er of Lord Kitchener, and witnessed a parade of
the troops at the garrison.
During their stay the visitors were entertained
by the members of the Richmond Cricket Club
and were driven to St. Georges, visiting all the
points of interest en route. They were received-
by the mayor acd citizens of St. Geor gihd
escorted to all points of interest in als quaint
historic old place. After a rece .,on at the Hotel
St. George, the visitors retu ed to Hamilton on
board H.M. Yacht Louise laced at the disposal
of the newspaper fol y General Kitchener.
yy g there was a special concert by
the band of His Majesty's Second Battalion of
Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, half of the
selections of each program being national airs.
On Tuesday afternoon the visitors were the
guests of General Kitchener at the governor's
royal residence, and were lavishly entertained by
a most genial host.
On Wednesday evening the visitors were enter-
tained at a most magnificent banquet at the
Hotel Hamilton, which was attended by all the
officials and social set of Bermuda. Beautiful
hand-painted menu cards, the handiwork of
young ladies of Bermuda's social set, were among
the pretty souvenirs.
The principal speakers at the banquet were His
Excoellency General Kitchener, Mr. George H.
Rowe, of the Brooklyn Times: Hon. 0. T. Middle-
ton, who toasted the president of the United
States, add Mrs. Bella Lookwood, of Washington,
who spoke on The Union Jack and Stars and
Stripes."
On Thursday the delegates boarded the steam-
ship Bermudian homeward bound, arriving in
New York harbor noon Saturday, after having
.had one of the most delightful trips.
As all the time in Besmuda was taken up in
-sghtseetngDhe oos0'vtuntidn was' pospoitud anili
the homeward trip, when daily afternoon and
evening sessions were boheld.
Mr. Hoyer was chosen chairman of the
nominating committee, which presented a ticket
which was unanimously elected, with Mr. T. J.
Keenan, Pittsburg, as president.
Mr. Hoyer was accompanied by Sheriff Joseph
J. Barth, and while in Bermuda they were enter-
tained at the homes of the Hon. 0. T. Middleton,
solicitor general, and Mr. Grosvenor Tucker, emi-
gration commissioner.



IN MEMORY OF SWINBURNE.
( Vale, vale, in ceternur, vale!)
I.
April whispers-" oan'st thou, too, die,
Lover of life and lover of mine? "
April, queen over earth and sky
Yearns, and her trembling lashes shine:
Master in song, good-bye, good-bye,
Down to the dim sea-line.
II.
"This is my singing season," he cried,
"April, what sweet new song do you bring? "
April came and knelt at his side,
Breathing a song too sweet to sing-
Death!-and the dark cage-door swung wide:
Seaward the soul took wing.
III.
Sleep, on the breast of thine old-world lover,
Sleep, by thy "fair green-girdled" sea!
There shall thy soul with the sea birds hover,
Free of the deep as their wings are free;
Free, for the grave-flowers only cover
This, the dark cage of thee.
IV.
Thee, the storm-bird, nightingale-souled,
Brother of Sappho, the seas reclaim!
Age upon age have the great waves rolled
Mad with her music, exultant, aflame;
Thee, thee, too, shall their glory enfold,
Lit with thy snow-winged fame.
V.
Back, thro' the years, fleets the sea-bird's wing:
Sappho, of old time, once,-ah, hark!
So did be love her of old and sing!
Listen, he flies to her, back thro' the dark!
Sappho, of old time, once. Yea, Spring
Calls him home to her, bark!
VI.
Sappho, long since, in the years far sped,
Sappho, I loved thee! Did I not seem
Fosterling only of earth? I have fled,
Fled to thee, sister. Time is a dream!
Shelley is here with us! Death lies dead!
SAh, how the bright waves gleam.
VII.
Wide was the cage-door. idly swinging:
April touched me acd whispered "come."
Out and away to the great deep winging,
Sister I flashed to thee over the foam,
Out to the sea of Eternity, singing
"Mother, thy child comes home."
VIII.
Ah, but how shall we welcome May
Here where the wing of song droops low,
Here by the last green swinging spray
Brushed by the sea-bird's wings of anow,
We that gazed on his glorious way
Out where the great winds blow ?
IX.


April whispers-can'st thou, too die ?
Lover of life and lover of mine
April, conquering earth and sky
Yearns, and her trembling lashes shine :
Master in song, good-bye, good-bye,
Down in the dim sea-line.
-Alfred Noyes, in Blaokwood's.


FLIES.

There is just one living thing which performs
not a single useful function in the scheme of the
universe. It is the creature which conservative
scientists do not hesitate to declare the "most
dangerous animal on earth, more to be dreaded
than the tiger or the cobra." And these dissemi-
nators of disease and purveyors of the deadliest
poison will throng Philadelphia by millions
during the next six months.
It is the common housefly, ordinarily supposed
to be a scavenger, destroying destructive microbes
developed in decomposing tissues, whether
animal or vegetable. Instead of destroying them,
it distributes them and places them where they
are taken into the human body, there to multiply
and continue their deadly work.
We make elaborate and proper preparations
for defense against disease of all kinds. The
Legislature just adjourned has made large appro-
priations for the cars of the sick and the preven-
tion of the causes of death, suffering and poverty.
Provision is m r-frthe purchase of milk and
rigid restrictions_ ^k o insure its purity.
Yet scant check i ki' multiplication
of the swift, sure, winged messenger? of disease
that transform *". most wholesome of foods into
a death potion.
Fojtwheriver there is filth there are flies, and
.here seems \' be a devilish purpose that drives
them from pies of filth to the dining tables of
man, there to deposit the deadly germs they have
gathered together.
Every enlightened city spends millions of
dollars for sewers. Yet permitting the housefly
to have access to the sewage either in garbage
loans or wagons or at the sewer outlets or upon
the shores of the water course in which the offal
is deposited, defeats the very purpose for which
the millions are expended.
Modern knowledge has taught to all the price-
less value of pure water. Where it cannot be
obtained otherwise, wisdom demands the estab-
lishment of costly filtration plants.
But there are three causes, not one, of the
350,000 eases of typhoid fever in the United
States every year, more than 10 per cent of which
prove fatal. The fever is spread through three
routes-water, milk and flies. Water is respon-
sible for the greater number of oases, but last
year's investigation in New York City showed
that there were 650 deaths from typhoid, and 7000
deaths from other intestinal diseases that were
traceable directly to diseases spread through the
the agency of flies.
And other diseases, the spread of which is due
largely to the same insect enemy of man, are
Asiatic cholera, dysentery and tuberculosis.
The latest belief of science is that it is not the
beat that causes the awful summer' mortality
among infants and children. It is the fly, and
the criminal carelessness of man in failing to
prevent the fly's birth.
SIn eqsicdeering the fly;.' must be greatly differ-
intiated from the mosquito. The mosquito is
deadly dangerous because it not only carries dis-
ease but breeds disease-bearing germs. The
bacilli of malaria and of yellow fever are bred in
the body of the mosquito, and it injects them
into the punctures it cuts into the skins of men.
The flies "sting" is less severe than that of
the mosquito, and it does not breed the parasites
of disease in its body but it is still the more
dangerous pest. The flies mode of inoculation is
generally by depositing the germs it carries both
inside and on the surface of it* body upon the
food that man eats.
Bred in the filth of barnyards and city dumps,
the housefly lives up to its greatest possibilities
as a disseminator of filth and disease. Every fly
is estimated to possess 12,000 very minute foot
hairs that exude a slimy fluid. On those hairy
legs it can carry 100,000 bacteria that it hastens
to deposit upon the food of some family,
These bacteria may live for two weeks, and so
can be carried for long distances on the fly's legs
or, as they are indigestible, they can be carried
in the elementary canal of the fly and spread the
contagion many miles from the original source, a
fact that a Chicago woman has established after
careful work in her laboratory.
For example, a housefly will carry and distrib-
ute mechanically the tuberculosis bacillus in its
most virulent form. The housefly will eat these
in enormous numbers, but it will not digest
them. They will pass through the intestinal
tract and emerge as fully alive, as virulent, as
deadly as before.
Therefore we do not speak in any spirit of ex-
aggeration when we say there should be striving
to cleanse every home of flies as if each of the
seemingly innocent insects were a scorpion. For
twelve generations of defendants each a poison
bearer, is the seasons progeny of every female fly.
Most physicians thought it a fanciful theory
when, in 1871, Dr. Joseph Leidy, the noted
Philadelphia scientist, announced it as his belief
that hospital gangrene, which destroyed so many
lives in the Civil War was.distributed mainly by
flies.
Now all scientists know that he wis right, and
within five years there has come into being a war
of extermination of the noxious pests, in which
the national Department of Agriculture and the
health authorities of many states and cities are
enlisted.
Dr. L. 0. Howard, chief of the entomological
bureat of the Department of Agriculture, is in
charge of the work, and, assisted by the Marine
Hospital service of the Treasury Department,
already has effected in Washington the necessary
soreeninog of manure beds.
In addition to the screens, experiments have
been made in the matter of extermination of the
larvm by the treatment of the manure beds with
kerosene chloride of lime and other chemicals.
The Indiana State Board of Health was among
the first to begin a vigorous campaign against the
fly, distributing educational literature and en-
couraging a wider knowledge of the danger lying
in the tolerance of these pets.
Both Chicago and Detroit are engaged in edu-
cational campaigns on a large scale, and a splend-
id work of investigation and prevention is being
conducted by the Merchant's Association of New
York.
The city of Boston has appropriated $100,000
to be used for suppressing the fly, and cities in
the South and West are adopting sanitary precau-
tions with an eye to limiting his activities.
Women's aid societies in Montana have taken
up the work of eduosting the public as to the
threat of disease from flies, believing that im-
provement in morals and health should go hand
in hand. The women of Rochester, N Y, are cir-
culating petitions asking the city authorities to
take draetio measures toward stamping out the


insect.
And a plan that Philadelphia might well copy
has been adopted in Salt Lake City, where the
*authorities have instituted what is called "house
cleaning day." On being notified by the Board
of Health, every housekeeper in the city start


to clean from cellar to garret on the same day.
Then screens are put up and flies are kept out to
a great extent.
Nor is the activity by the health authorities in
Pennsylvania lacking. Dr Dixon now is prepar-
ing a circular for general distribution, and Dir-
ector Neff and Chief Abbott, in Philadelphia,
will renew their earlier efforts, though they lack
funds for the methods of prevention adopted in
some other cities.
The crying need here is for understanding and
co-operation by the people.
"Annoyance, suffering, drugs, doctors and un-
dertakers," thus Dr. Henry Skinner, the noted
entomologist, summarizes the pri(e man pays for
harbouring one of his wortt emnmies
And yet the remedy is of the simplest sort. No
less than 98 per cent of all house flits deposit their
eggs, where they are hatched out, in horse man-
nre. The remaining 2 per cent of the eggs f re
laid and hatched in human excieta. It is only
when the first may not be reached by the fly that
it will resort to the second.
Destroy or screen horse manpre or confine it to
darkness, and the end is put to flies. A fly will
not enter a dark place to deposit its eggs. If the
nest of these flies may not be screened by wire or
cloth it may be screened by ashes.
'-Thus prevent the breeding of the fly and you
abolish typhoid fever and nearly all, if not quite
all, intestinal diseases; prevent the death of thou-
sands of babies every summer, make so-called hot
weather diseases a thing of the past.
In that inexpensive effort every right-minded
citizen should join. And until that work is com-
pleted all must admit the justice of this stinging
censure by Dr. Howard:
"Even if the typhoid or house fly were a orea-
ture difficult to destroy, ?he general failure on
the part of the communities to make any efforts
whatsoever to reduce its numbers could probably
be termed criminal neglect; but since it is com-
paratively an easy matter to do away with the
plague of flies, the neglect becomes an evidence
of ignorance or of carelessness in regard to disease-
producing filth which, to the informed mind,
constitutes a serious blot on civilized methods of
life."-The North American; April 24, 1909

Church Services.
27th June, 1909.
(8rd Sunday after Trinity.)
Harvest Thanksgiving.

THE CATHEDRAL.
8 a.m., Holy Commupion.
11 a.m., Matins and Sermon
4 p.m., Children's Set vice.
7.30 p.m., Evening Service.
The collections at all services will be for
the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.
Py.MBonK PE HURCH.
8 a.m., Holy Communion.
4.30 p.m. Evening Prayer.
DEVONSHIRE PARISH CHURCH.
11 a. m., Morning ayer and Holy Com-
munion.
7.30 p m., Evening Prayer.
ST. PAUL'S CHURCH, PAGET.
8 a.m., Holy Communion.
11 a.m., Matins, Litany and Sermon.
8 p m., Evensong and Sermon.
ST. MARY'S CHURCH, WARWICK.
11 a. m., Holy Communion, Hymns and
Sermon.
4 p.m., The Catechism.
5 p.m., Evensong and Sermon.
HAMILTON PARISH CHURCH.
11a.m., Morning Prayer, Litany and Sermon.
7.30 p.m., Evening Prayer and Sermon..
SMITH'S PARISH CHURCH.
9.30 a.m., Holy Communion
4 p m, Evening Prayer and Sermon.
GARRISON CHURCH, PROSPECT.
8 a. m., Holy Communion. (1st Sunday in
month, 7.30 a.m. and 11.30 a.m.)
10.30 a.m., Parade Service.
6.30 p.m., Evening Service.
ST..ANDREW'S PRESBYTERIANN) CHURCH.
11 a.m. & 7.30 p.m., Rev. D. K. Grant, M.A.
CHRIST CHURCH, PRESBYTERIANN) WARWICK.
11 a.m. and 7.30 p m.
Mr. J. Wales Cameron, M.A.
WESLEY CHURCH.
11 a.m., Rev. S. Jefferson.
4 p.m., Special Service for Union Lodge of
Good Samaritane.
7.30 p.m., Rev. Selby Jefferson.
GRACE CHURCH.
(North Shore.)
11 a.m. and 7.30 p.m., Mr. H. F. Bridges.
WARWICK CHURCH.
3 p.m., Mr. H. F. Bridges.
ST. GEORGE'S METHODIST CHURCH.
11 a.m., 7.30 p.m., Rev. E. Plowman.
ST. DAVID'S METHODIST CHURCH.
3 p.m., Rev. E. Plowman.
IRELAND ISLAND METHODIST CHURCH.
10.30 a.m., Rev. W. Purvis.
PORT ROYAL METHODIST CHURCH.
3.30 p.m., Rev. W. Purvis.
SOMERSET METHODIST CHURCH.
7.30 p.m., Rev. W. Purvia.
ST. EDWARD'S CATHOLICC) CHURCH.
9 a.m., Mass.
8 p.m., Benediction.
ST. PAUL'S A. M. E. CHURCH.
11 a.m., Morning Service.
' 7.30 p.m., Evening Service.
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE.
Christian Science Rooms, Burnaby Street.
Sundays 7.30 p.m. Wednesday 8 p.m.

VALUABLE PROPERTY

FOR SALE
Reid Street, City.


In perfect condition.
Apply ROYAL GAZETTE OFFICE.
Hamilton, Feb. 27, 1909-3p, t.f.


Bermuda's Guardians


"THE FORTY-SIXTH CORNWALL"
(BY LARhY CHITTENDEN.)
All h ail Bermuda's guardians-her
soldiers great and small,
Bronzed bulwarks of the British Isles-
The Forty-Sixth Cornwall.
They fought and won a score of fights
-then trecked ten thousand miles,
To where they win the people's hearts
in all the Fairy Isles.
Their bugles are a-blowing now-their
flags are well displayed;
The Forty-Sixth is at Prospect-her
men are on parade.
No "absent-minded Beggars" here-
but soldiers one and all,
Bermuda's gallant guardians-The
Forty-Sixth Cornwall-
Her officers and Tommies too-we offer
them.our hand-
That valiant jolly regiment with CHAP-
MAN in command.
Ihe genial Chap-a fighter, yes-built
on a generous plan,
Who wielding sword and brush and pen
is every inch-a man!
To Captains FARGUS, KIRK, and DENE,
STERICKER, TAYLORS two,
The Majors three, Lieutenants all, we
dip our flag to you.
The Yankee flag of Uncle Sam-and
here's our Texas cheers,
For Colonel WRIGHT and Major YOUNG
-The Royal Engineers!
To BAGOT, CONNER, FULLER, DAY-The
Royal Garrison-
T he Chaplains-S u r g e o n s-Service
Corps-.salutes for every one.
And here's to General WODEHOUSE gone
to fill a big recall,
Commander now in India-the best
beloved of all.
Loud volleys for the Governor-a Five-
Clasp medal man,
Who ruled the Nile, cotrtroutld-Ki t-
toum, and fields South African.
To Colonel BAKER-S. FREW-EN and
Captain NICHOLSON
The R. G. A's "-Militiamen, salutes
for every one.
Bermuda's gallant guardians-no mat-
ter who ye are-
Old Uncle Sam salutes you all and says
-hip! hip! hurrah!-
The'bugles are a-blowing now-the flags
are well displayed-
Some valiant sons of Albion's Isle-
to-day are on parade.
Hence in this flowery, lovely land-we
here salute them all,
Bronzed bulwarks of the Fairy Isles-
The Forty-Sixth Cornwall.

From Bermuda Verses. Profusely Illustrated
with officers' pictures and the 46th on
parade.
For sale by Hamilton dealers and by
R. Outerbridge and E. S. Outerbridge,
St. Georges.


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and so trifling ailments grow into gra. er
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tion, "liver.i esi," &c., take Beechan 's
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Sold in boxes, 1i. (56 pills) & 2/9 (168 pills),


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a child of Mr. A. McLeod, Port
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\ R. B. Nelmes, Police Constable
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Genuine Shilling Green
Price 3a. oaoh.
NOTICE TO STAMP COLLECTORS
NO SET of Bermuda Stmps Complete, wie
the obsolete Shilling Green, tio be ha" m4
at the ROYAL GAAKTTP O IO .
< A



BAZAAR


WILL BE HELD ON

JUICY tlh


At Whitby, Bailey's Bay,
THE RESIDENCE OF MR. ARTHUR HAYCOCK.
For the benefit of the Fund for Building a North
Trancept to Holy Trinity Church, Hamil-
ton Parish, as a Memorial to the
late Archdeacon Tucker.
The Bazaar will open at 2.30 p. m. Tea and
supper will be served.
Mr. Haycook's Cave will be illuminated until
10 p. m.
A Pastoral Play will be given under the direc-
tion of Mise Edith Wilkinson.
By kind permission of Major Graham and
Officers of the D.C.L.I., the Regimental Band
will play during the afternoon and evening.
There will be numerous other attractions of
which full particulars will be given later.
June 12, 1909.


NOTICE

Re


Screw


Stopper


Bottles.


We cannot hold ourselves re-
sponsible for cost of* these, un-
less returned to our stores and
purchasers obtain a receipt for

the same.
GOSLING BROS.
lit May, 1909.


NOTICE.

Zhe undersigned begs to
give Public notice that he is
now prepared to execute or-
ders for the

REPAIR OF TENNIS

RACQUETS, GOLF

CLUBS, and CRICKET

GEAR.

All orders left at the stores of

W. BLUCK & Co.,


FRONT STREET,


H-AMILTQN,;


will* receive my prompt and
careful attention.

R. S. DARRELL.


A?


ult
4












WEEKLY REPORT OF THE WEATHER at
Gibb's Hill Light Station at Bermuda,
between the 18th and 24th June,
1909; height above thn sea being 246 feet at
base, where the Register is kept.


J'ne

18
19

21
22
23
24


I.
C
0
0



SSE
S
'SE
53
SE
SW
SW


a


30.060
30.070
30.110
30.120
30.100
30.040
29.980


Me General
a Remarks.



Fine
,6

I,
0.05 "
0.03 "


C. A. SMITH,
Principal Keeper.






Hamilton, June 26, 1909.


The Omnipresent Housefly.
By request of a prominent medical authority in
the Colony we reproduce this morning an article
entitled FLIES which appeared in the North
American of April 24th last.
The subject is timely ; and the occasion is in-
viting. Summer is here ; and the plague of flies
is making itself painfully apparent. What can
be done? What may be done? What must be
done ? are questions which force themselves upon
the minds of all thinking people in the
community.
Modern science reposes, en the housefly a cer-
tain portion of the responsibility for the spread
of certain diseases which yearly extcrt their toll
of humanity. Of these the chief are intestinal
diseases, to which nearly 8,000 deaths last year
in the United States were directly attributable,
and traceable to the House-fly. Modern Science
is probably quite right; although the ascertained
facts do not, probably, warrant a too sweeping
indictment. Whether the House-fly performs
any salutory offices, history sayeth not; yet his-
tory records from the dim dawn until this very
day: nay, the assurance of his existence is embed-
ded in the roots of most important languages
on earth. He is prolific; addicted to uncleanness;
possessed of 12,000 very minute foot hairs each
exuding a slimy fluid and capable of carrying
100,000 bacteria to be deposited on the food of
some family. His digestive organs are imperfect;
and microbia pass through his stomach and in-
testinal tract, with powers of evil in nowise im-
paired by the passage.
Let it be granted that on all counts the House-
fly is guilty. Science has not, as yet, pointed
out the means of abolishing him. As be was in
the beginning he is now, and, probably ever shall
be, multitudinous more or less; until mankind
shall have arrived at the conclusion that he must
disappear from the economy of nature.
--Eis, of conurjs, apparent to the' eye of the,
ordinarily observant individual, as well as to
that of Science, that, if the means of nutrition be
removed, the life sustained by such nutrition


must cease.
To the Housefly as a particular case the general
proposition is, in theory, easily applicable. Re-
move his nutrition, and his life must cease.
We read that "98 per cent of all Houseflies de-
posit their eggs where they are hatched out, in
horse manure." This substance is then, clearly,
the nutrition of 98 per cent of the larvae of the
Houseflies in existence. The conclusion is ob-
vious to remove 98 per cent of the Housefly the
horse should be removed. Failing that to abate
the nuisance, abate the horse. And as a last,
though feeble resource, let means be adopted
towards the free use of disinfectants.
It is much to be feared that the governments
would be unwilling under the pressure of Dread-
nought policies, blue water principles, Town Cut
Channels, and other demands, to set aside
any annual sum for the extermination of the
Housefly until the problem had been brought to
a satisfactory solution. Upon the people them-
elves then must rest the burden; and their
efforts must not be inspired by fear of the Police
or of the Inspeotor of Nuisances; it must spring
from a sincere desire after cleanliness, which can
only be born of Education.
In a restricted area like Bermuda the task of
coping with a nuisance should be comparatively
easy; if only the people could be educated as to
the possibilities of the situation. Education is a
slow process; and the elimination of the House-
fly, like that of the mosquito, must be also cor-
respondingly slow. Yet mere tardiness of result
should not deter from entering upon the under-
taking.
If the horse is responsible for 98 per cent of the
flied, then a reduction of the horse census must
mean a reduction, in due proportion, of the oppor-
tunities for the hatching of flies. And it is
not hard to reach the conclusion that if the horse
has to disappear a substitute for the force
which his muscles are capable of exerting must
be found. Men in other regions are finding by
slow degrees such a substitute in motor traction.
They might find it also in Bermuda, did not leg-
islation pronounce against pursuing the quest.
The demands of Science and those of Expediency
have not seldom been pitied against each other;
and the victory has generally rested with the de-
mands of Expediency.
The contribution under review is an illumina-
ting addition to the literature of Education upon
a commonplace, and, therefore, highly interesting
subject. The writer has collected an array of
facts, instructive, impressive, but like all educa-
tors he will most probably find that the harvest
of his sowing must be for a long time deferred.

Custom House-Hamilton.
ENTERED.
June 25-Soh Alice E L, De Shield, Turks Is-
lands. H. Dunkley, Agent.
COLEARD.
June 21-S S Trinidad, Fraser, New York; 1749
boxes Onions, 130 boxes Vegetables, 9 brIs
Potatoes.
Jtne 21-S S Port Kingston, Jones, Bristol,
Eng. 254 boxes Onions, 2 boxes Potatoes.


Bermuda Volunteers in Camp.
On Thut-day afternoon 117 of all ranks of the
Bermuda Volunteer Rifle Corps went into Camp
at Warwick for the customary annual training.
The camp itself is beautifully located near the
South Shore, at a spot known as Hospital Camp.
Headquarters proceeded by steamer to Burnt
House Wharf landing there at 3.45. It wasfound
by careful timing that the march from Burnt
House consumed only 18 time.
The men parade at 4.30 esoh morning and car-
ry out the manual exercise.
Last evening the numbers of all ranks had risen
to about 150. On landing at Burnt House the
men immediately commenced their drill in ex-
tended order thus utilising the time on the way
to camp.
Boats leave Burnt House each morning for the
Dockyard, and for Hamilton at 6.15 and 7.15
respectively so as to convey those employed to
work in good time.
To-morrow at 8.30 a.m. Divine Service will be
held by the Revd. Canon Bruce Mackay, Chaplain
to the Corps.
In the afternoon a boat will leave the Club
Steps at three o'clock to convey friends to Burnt
House to visit the camp, returning to Hamilton
at 6.45.
Major Appleby informs us he has much pleas-
ure in observing that many employers have adop-
ted his suggestion in regard to affording facilities
to their employees for attendance at camp this
year.

B. M. B. A.
A meeting of the Bermuda Mechanics' Bene-
ficial Association will be held on Monday eve-
ning next for the purpose of electing Officers for
the ensuing year. A list of the various candid-
ates with their proposers and seconders is pub-
lished below.
The Installation of Officers is fixed for Monday
the 12th July.
Proposer. Candidate. Seconder.


PRESIDENT.
J. Barritt, J. W. Denman,
A. Hatcher, J. F. Motyer,
VICE-PRZ5., SNB.
W. H. Dunscombe,W. T. Tatem,
Hy. Young, W.W. Connor,
Geo. White, Jas. Robinson,
A. J. Hill, Jno. Barritt,
VIcE-PRES., JaR.
A. E. Gauntlett, T. S. J. Trott,
A. Hatcher, W. T. Tatem,
J. Barritt, W. W. Connor,
Jas. B. Lusher, W. L. Astwood,


J. Galway,
W. H. Dunscombe,

W. W. Connor,
J. Roberts,
J. A. Galway,
J. R. Lusher,

J. Motyer,
J. Barritt,
Chas. Robertson,
W. H. Dunscombe,


REOOBDINGO SECRETARY.
E. L. Bridle, A. E. Gauntlett, J. R. Lusher,
FINANCIAL SECRETARY.
J. W. Barritt, Geo. Tear, W. W. Connor,
A. S. R. Spurling, A. Hatcher, F. Cowen,


Geo. Tear,
J. F. Motyer,


TREASURER.
A. J. Hill, F. Cowen,
A. S. R. Spurling, W. H. Dunscombe,


TRUSTEES.
J. Barritt, L. S. Simmons, W. W. Connor,
J. Barritt, E. L. Bridle, W. W. Connor,
A. S. R. Spurling, W. H. Dunscombe,J. S. Vallis,


J. G. Shephard,
E. L. Bridle,

W. W. Connor,
E. L. Bridle,

H. W. Meers,
J. F. Motyer,
Geo. Tear,
T. S. J. Trott,
F. Cowen,
J. Barritt,
W. T. Tatem,
W. W. Connor,
H. W. Meers,
Jas. A. Galway,
J. W. Denman,
J. Barritt,
W. W. Doan,


CONDUCTORS.
W. J. Roberts, W
N. 0. White, A.
JANITOR.
H. J. Young, C.
J. Barritt, W
BUSINESS COMMITTEE.


. T. Tatem,
S. R. Spurling,

Card,
. H. Dunscombe,


For Recognition of Mr. Thomas Flemming
N Day.
To the Editor of The Royal Gazette.
Dear Mr. Editor,-It is with much pleasure
that I endorse Yaohtsman's suggestion as to
our dear friend of The Rudder ", Mr. Thomas
Fleming Day.
"Yachtsman" proposes that Mr. Day should
receive some recognition for all the good he has
done for Bermuda in inaugurating and fostering
Yachting and Yacht racing to Bermuda; to find a
cosy corner near some charming bay easy of
access for landing from a boat, and to present it
to Mr. Day with the compliments of the several
Bermuda Yacht Clubs.
If some good sportsman would take the matter
up, a snug little sum would soon be subscribed
for the purchase of a small aorie ear the water,
the selection of which should be left to the
donors.
This would make Mr. Day truly one of us,
here to take the helm" from time to time, and
to sail the good ship Bermuda" into the eyes
of the wind," for as.
ANOTHER YACHTSMAN.

Cricket.
ST. GEORGE'S C.C. VS. PEMBROKE C.C.
Last Tuesday a match was played on the Gar-
rison Grounds, St. George's, between the above-
mentioned teams and resulted-after, a very ex-
citing finish-in a win for the Pembroke C.C. by
the small margin of one run. Considerable inter-
est was centred in this game, both clubs had
selected the best available players, and as the
annual contest (The Somerset, St. George's) is
approaching, the relative merits of the St. Georges
Club as the winners of the coveted trophy were
freely discussed.
Fine weather prevailed; the Pembroke C. C.
winning the toss went first to the wickets and
scored 113. A. Joynes and A. Basoome showed
good f6rm, making.33 and 26 respectively. The
fielding and bowling of St. George's was very
creditable. St. George's scored 112. T. Rich-
ardson, H. Burohall and J. Robinson were the
principal scorers with 22, 21 and 22 respectively.
The bowling and fielding of the P.C.C. was very
good, the latter in a large measure was the cause
of their winning a keenly contested game.

Watford Island Bridge.
The Watford Bridge is since Thursday morn-
ing in such a condition that it cannot be swung
for boats to pass through. Land traffic is, how-
ever still possible. The exact nature of the
defect has not yet been made public.

Old St. George's Hotel.
Mr. Henry A. Smith of St. George's has recent-
ly acquired the property known as the Old St.
George's Hotel. He purposes improving it by
the addition of one storey.

Visit of Foreign Cricket Team.
At a meeting of the Committee of the Hamilton
Cricket Club held on the 23rd inst. it was decided
that the possibilities of having a foreign Cricket
Team to visit Bermuda in February or March
next be ascertained.

Dewar Cup Matches.
Dr. J. T. Clark has been appointed to arrange
the Dewar Cup Matches for this season.

Sanatorium at The Causeway.
It is rumoured that Dr. Wilkie Hollis, son of
Captain H. H. Hollis, M.C.P., of Baileys Bay,
intends to erect a Sanatorium on a portion of his
father's property near the Causeway.


SECOND CLASS-M Alnieda and daughter, J
Alnieda, Miss L Alnieda, Miss A Alnieda, Miss
A Aluieda, Mis M Correira and 2 children, Miss
A Jones, Mrs Niles, S Smith, M Sausa and wife,
Mary Sausa, A Sauna, M Sausa, A Sausa, B Sausa,
Miss L Tuzo, E Williams.
STEERAGE-J Canto, Master Niles, Master
Niles, N Rochester, S Setvydore.



PROPOSED CANADIAN NAVY.
Montreal, Quebec, June 22.-Hoa. L. P. Bro.
deur has made an announcement regarding Can-
ada's naval policy. He said there are three pro-
posals in regard to the question of naval defence.
First, "To offer to England one or two Dread-
noughts which would be her exclusive property."
Second, To contribute annually a round sum
which might be used in any waythe mother country
might see fit." Third, which is that of the Gov-
ernment if supported by the opposition, "to con-
struct a Canadian navy." This policy should not
strike anyone as surprising, it is quite natural.
The states of South America even smaller than
Canada and Paraguay have their own navy. The
Canadian Government wishes to participate in
the defence of the Empire'but at the same time to
safeguard its autonomy and the control of its
contributions.


Shopbreaking in Warwick.
On Thursday night or early yesterday morning
the store of Mr N A Cooper, Warwick, was brok-
en into and a number of articles of various kinds
carried off. The thieves are said to have entered
by means of a door which they broke open. The
police were communicated with yesterday morn-
ing ; and the case is being investigated.
4

Shipping Notes.
S S Cayo Largo is now due from London, Eng.
land.
S S Oruro sailed from St. Kitts 3 p.m. on
Tuesday last and is due here to-day to sail for
Halifax, N.S.



A Reverie.
7o the Editor of The Royal Gazette.
Sir,-To a wanderer by the surge swept mar-
gin of the "many sounding" sea, and watching
what one of the Greek poets of old styled "the
many twinkling smile of Ocean," cr else traver-
sing the universal Cedar groves, the mind at once
forms pictures of Nature's works around
him. Or let him or her look upward at a rain-
bow painting pictures on the mind, pointing out
God's message as it was delivered to Noab, bright
emblem of Hope: How strange the past seems to
peep over the shoulders of the Present; early con-
temporaries are mostly at rest, without having
known the weariness of later age. Many a for-
gotten usage and tradition, ancient in the mem-
ory of the writer, and effaced by things more re-
cent, acquire new distinctness when looked back
upon. Probably no happier portion of life is to
be found than calm old age; playfulness revisits
the mind, a sense that toil on earth is ended, and
the brief period that precedes the last sleep may
be spent in play Could there but be in inter-
mediate space, where the business of life does not
intrude, a spot ;where Father Time, when he
thinks nobody is watching him, might sit down
by the way side to take breath-if he would only
fall asleep, mortals might then live on without
growing older. Yet in the depths of every heart
there is a dungeon and a tomb, but which lights.
music and revelery may cause us to forgets heir
existence. Amongst the many attractions in Ber-
muda that tend to fill a wanderer with delight,
are the few remaining specimens of the Cedar
which only through centuries of growth have ob-
tained the size and sturdiness which their old
age still maintains, such for example as the skel-
eton tree in Devonshire Old Churchyard, and its
kindred representatives fast by the vestry en-
trance of Old St. Peters ohurob, at St. George's.
There they still stand so strong and sturdy and
yet so beautiful that they might be styled types
of the bess spehAnens of humanity How proud-
ly they lift their bare heads to the gales of win-
ter, and with verdure struggling for renewal re-
joice when the spring has come again. Its very
sound when the tree talks with the wind is a
sighing like that of eolian harps. Pointing all
day to the sunshine, aind all night to the stars, it
endures through centuries storm and shine, draw-
ing its sustenance from mother Earth, and as
years roll on it learns the mysteries of growth
and decay, outliving man and his habits, power,
position, everything ib fact except the landscape
it adorns. As forming some idea of the age a tree
of the Sequoia, akin to our Cedar, can attain,
Prof. Dudley of the Leland Stanford University
reports one of the celebrated groves in California,
out down for the fleeting materials of commerce,
as having attained the age of 2171 years, and after
defying storm and fire for over twenty centuries
fell a victim of money greed. One tree of that
Calaveras grove called "Mother of the Forest" is
327 feet high, and 93 f et girth at six feet above
ground. .
A question is bebo0ing familiar and which
must sooner or later be asked is : are the modern
discoveries of steam, telegraphs, daily news-
papers teeming with eaoitement, universal suf-
frage, and latest of all rial navigation, making
mankind one whit the happier than before their
introduction, for they have brought many evils
in their train. Speculators, politicians, swindlers
fatten in any new field opening for settlement,
and there is more probability of Armageddon
prevailing, upheld by greed, drunkeness, new
diseases, vice of every form and general demoral-
ization. These already mark the course of what
the world to-day styles progress. Faith as known
to our ancestors is fast waning. Ruthlessly con-
demned as the Puritans were in their day, they
yet served as a mainstay in England's history of
the right, and the lodestone for their successors.
It was recently asked in a popular magazine
whether printing had proved a'real benefit or
otherwise, for many minds nowadays look only
upon the evil side. Knowledge has increased
almost beyond belief, and in the words of a well
known Christian Science writer "Mortal existence
is an Enigma, and every Day is a Mystery."
H. B. SMALL.
St. George's, 26/6/09.

Ps s

PASSENGERS.
In the R M S Trinidad for New York on Tues-
day last :-L Allport and wife, Miss A Barbrick,
J Burton, C Barnes and wife, N Becker and wife,
C N Benson, R Briedy, J V Booth and wife, Miss
F Bush, G A Barber and wife, L Bohlen, J Brig-
ham, Miss J Bell, R Buck, Mrs J A Conyers, Miss
N Cushman, Mr Carruthand wife, Miss Conyers,
G F Chase, A Clark, 0 Cook and wife, C Cook
and wife, N Carpenter, J R Conyers, J Delvin,
F Dieting and wife, Mrs A Dcughtrey, Miss B
Dill, Mrs E Everell, Mrs M Elliott and child,
Miss E Evans, Miss M Evarts, R Eliman and
wife, N H Emhart, R Ferguson, wife and child,
N Farley and wife, A Guest, E Gienier, H Gasque
and wife, Miss D Higinbotbam, Mr Heekmau,
Miss M Horn, S Hulburt and wife, Dr Hirst and
wife, Mrs A Hodsdon, J E Horton, Miss Jolliffe,
Master Jolliffe, H Jobhnston and wife, Misse M
Matches, J MoCohil, Miss McDowell, N B Neil-
son, T Nelson, W Post, D Peterson, D Piers and
wife, T Preston, Miss C Paynter, Miss M Penis-
ton, A Roney, Mrs Rogers, Miss T Reley, Dr M
Sohiek, Miss C Schiek, W Stumpfel and wife,
Miss A Smith, Miss A Stauffer, R Street and wife,
E J Thompson, N Tucker, F Ulrick, A G Wim-
ble, Miss A Willis, Miss I Willis.


on analysis to contain nearly twice as much sugar.
With regard to tomatoes grown out of doors, the
early ripening was remarkable, and the yield
was 30 per cent better on the electrified than on
the chbeok plot. Wheat in an electrified area of
7675 acres yielding 32.5 bushels per acre, as com-
pared with 26.15 bushels per acre in the area not
so treated.
Some experiments have been carried out in
green houses also, chiefly devoted to cucumbers,
with which the first results of electrifying was
earlier bearing, the first month's picking having
been found to yield double the quantity obtained
from the check plot. This great acceleration,
however, did not seem to exhaust the plants,
which not only began earlier, but also continued
to bear much later than those grown under nor-
mal conditions. It will be seen that if growers
can, by means of electricity, place their goods on
the market early before a possible' glut takes
place, much better prices will be obtained than
in the ordinary way. It may be asked whether
or not the increased outlay on the apparatus is
justified by the returns, but at Evep ham, where
extensive experiments have been can ied on dur-
ing two or three seasons, the growers are more
than satisfied.


A SWEDISH EXPERIENCE IN
EDUCATION.
Lady Darwin describes a most interesting ex-
periment in the June Nineteenth Century (which
is an exceptionally interesting issue).
Twenty years ago," she says, Madame Gu.-
taf Hierta Retzius and a committee of ladies and
gentlemen opened the first workshop for children
in Stockholm as a memorial to the mother of
Madame Retsius. In Sweden the national
schools are only open in the morning from
eight to one, or if the school is too small
to accommodate all the children in the
neighbourhood, the younger children, aged from
seven to nine, come in the afternoon from two to
six o'clock. Thus during the early part of the
day many of the youngest children have nowhere
to go, as their parents are out at work.
SCHOOLS WITHOUT CRIMINALS.
"It was to help these little ones that these
workshops were started, with the idea of giving
them shelter before and after school hours, and
to teach them manual work. Since then many
such workshops have been opened, and bow there
are sixteen in Stockholm and seventy-two in the
whole of Sweden. There has never been known
a single child so taught who has developed into a
criminal or ever been summoned before a magis-
trate. The masters-.of the Swedish national
schools unanimously praise the workrooms, and
declare that the training there has heightened the
interest of the children in their book-work and
improved them in every way.
"The older ones learn carpentry, ironwork,
weaving, netting, bootmaking, basket-making,
wood-carving, brush-making, metal-work, sew-
ing, cutting out clothing, dresamaking, and
tailoring. Everything made by the children is
sold for the benefit of the school, either at a
bazaar held at stated intervals or in the work-
shops. The money thus earned more than covers
the cost of the raw material. In return for their
work the children receive a 1mal, either dinner
or supper. It consisit.20 oup, fish, bacon,
or meat with voenietmetimes of pea-
soup and panei i l. f- e dinners is
about penny -mlfpenny a hed tI te sup-
pers three-farthings or a penk seal
-may be an attraction, but the I
come in order to get it, because tb e
allowed to go to the workshops d 'ing the
days, when no meals are given them.
WHAT THE CHILDREN Do.
"The children have to keep the rooms tidy and
clean, and every week the girls take turns in
helping to prepare the meals for the children.
They bring their own clothes and boots to mend.
One hundred and eighty pairs of boots were
patched in Stockholm in one year in one of the
workshops.
"The teachers think it most important that the
children should never be allowed to be bored
with their work, so they are not kept for long
t a time at patching or sewing or mending their
aid clothes. It is found that the making of new
things stimulates the imagination and is more
interesting.
i "Among the few rules governing the manage-
ment of these schools is one that no child can
take up a new trade without first making several
perfect articles in the trade which is being relin-
quished. This ensures thoroughness. The
children make plaited chip-hats, straw slippers,
shoes, trousers, coats, dresses, aprons, plaited
chairs, tables, shelves, and baking troughs. They
weave mats, dusters, and shawls. In some work-
shops they make iron and steel instruments, such
as hammers, rakes, spades, small iron bedsteads
and sledges. In one school a considerable success
has been made by baking bread.
WHY NOT IN ENGLAND.
"The experiment has been copied in Finland,
Denmark, Norway, Poland, France, Russia, and
recently in Greece. What an excellent ting it
would be if something of the same kind could be
started in England The morning hours in the
national schools might be devoted to the most
important of the lessons now already given, and
the afternoon hours to this manual training."



DR. STEIN.
Dr M A Stein, the famous explorer, who stated
at a dinner of the.Royal Geographical Society the
other night that his favourite dog, "Dash," bad
accompanied him upon an expedition of 10,000
miles, is a Hungarian, and is one of the greatest
alobwsologists alive. He has spent years in Cen-
tral Asia in some of the most out-of-the-way
spots on earth, and has had to put up with a
number of hardships, not the least being an acci-
dent to his leg and an arduous journey of eight-
een days before he could receive medical assist-
ance. Among Dr Stein's numerous discoveries
was a treasure cave, literally crammed with
ancient manuscripts, paintings, and other Bud-
dhist remains. There was a wonderful library,
with some manuscripts which dated back to the
century after Christ.
Some time ago, Dr Stein and Dr Sven Hedin
were together at a dinner party, and Dr Stein
casually produced from his waistcoat pocket a
small spring tape measure. "It is a very curious
thing," he said, "but when I was in Eastern
Tibet, in 1906, I picked up this measure at the
foot of an old ruin. I have carried it with me
ever since, and use it constantly." Dr Hedin
took the measure, and had hardly looked at it
when he exclaimed : Why, this is mine! I
lost it in Tibet in 1901," and he named the spot
where he had lost it. This, indeed, proved to be
the place where Dr Stein had found it--a remark-
able coincidence truly. That this little measure
should have been lost in a vast unexplored region
by one traveller, picked up by another traveller
long afterwards, and produced by him to its own-
er in a house in London, struck all the company
as a wonderful concatenation of events; and the
interesting tape measure was presented to the
Royal Geographical Society's Museum.


ELECTRICITY OF FRUIT.
Some experiments were made in the vicinity
of Bristol, England, to decide whether or not
electricity has any influence in forcing the
growth of fruit, wheat and vegetables. In order
that the effect might be correctly estimated, two
crops were grown under similar conditions, one
with and the other without the helpof electricity.
Surprising results have been obtained. In the
case of strawberries, on the first pickings, 40 per
cent more fruit was gathered in the electrified
than in the uneleotrified area, which proved also


At the Park Street Church, where memorial
services were held, a recently executed bust of
Dr. Hale, the work of H. H. Kitson and his wife,
bad a conspicuous place.
At these services Dr. Dillon Broneon, of the
Berkshire Methodist Church said :-" This is not
a time for tears; we should regard it rather as
the coronation of a king."
"Here was a man," said Dr. Francis H. Row-
ley, of the First Baptist Church, "so sure of God,
so eager to measure swords with every foe that
assailed the highest welfare of his fellows, that
he would have rejoiced to live on eighty-seven
years more to fight the battle of mankind and to
inspire the weary and fainting with his trumpet
notes of cheer."


INCREASE OF APPENDICITIS.
A committee consisting of nine members of the
Berlin Medical Association and Professor Silber-
gleir, director of the Municipal Statistical De-
partment of the city of Berlin, has been inves-
tigating appendicitis, its prevalence, its virulence
at different ages, its cure, and the most effective
methods of treatment. The observations of the
committee extend over approximately 3,{o0 cases
of the disease, and the dta oolleUsoted ow that


MR. C.\I:NEGIE'S PLAN FOR PEACE.
Mr. Andrew Carnegie has conceived a plan for
international peace, which, if he could bring it
about, would make him perhaps the greatest fig-
ure inu history.
lie proposes that an international conference
for the limitation of armaments shall be called by
the United States. Mr. Carnegie is now engaged
in sounding the rulers of Europe as to what kind
of reception such a call would have. Last week
he had an audience of the King of Italy and
a conference with the political leaders. He saw,
also,the President of the French Republic and
the Premier and leading senators before he left
for England a few days ago.
RESULTS OF ANGLO-GERMAN RIVALRY.
Mr. Carnegie never spoke with greater serious-
ness and earnestness than when he outlined his
plan to the special Paris correspondent of the
Daiiv Mail.
I find Europe in a ferment, he said, "and
nations gone 'Dreadnought mad. Italy has
just decided to spend on battleships many mil-
lions of pounds which she can ill spare. Aus-
tria has embarked on the same insane program-
me wHile France has resolved on no fewer than
thii ty-eight sea monsters as necessary to her se-
curity. All, this is caused by German and Brit-
ish rivalry.
Now this is not merely a spectacle for the
United States of America to marvel at, but it has
a direct and vital interest for us. Our country is
necessarily about to be withdrawn into the vor-
tex, and it has become a pertinent question whet-
her it is permissible that any two nations should
involve all the other chief nations in this mad ri-
valry or doom them to a practically defenceless
state.
AN IMBECILE SITUATION.
"Consider the imbecility of this course.
When all nations have increased their armaments
as proposed, the situation will remain precisely
as before. None will have improved its position.
Increased armaments can guarantee the security
of no nation; they can only invite suspicion and
provoke antagonism towards that nation.
Here is the sovereign remedy for the malady
from which Europe is sufferiug. The United
States is the greatest industrial and the most
aul nation; it is without prejudices oi speo-
asit, and is in a position to invite the na-
the invitation to meet in friendly conference and
torlsdo the common ground on which
to o-ogree that priva to avoiding, the dan-
gers of the louar lm teenLW pursuing.
"ing the first intolerable condiat nation, if
any, is a yis afa probat-ble way out of the
responsibility of menaeS .
If any Power or Powers should reI l
the invitation to meet in friendly conference, it
would be clear whereaten ivilintionsiblity rsestd.
If such conference were convened Re any Puwer
refused to enter the league of peace, to submit to
ebitrastion all questions arising in future on sea,
and to agreign foe that private property shall be im-
mune on sea as now on land, then also it o would
be clear where the blame must rest for continu-
ing the president Tolerable conditions.
A WAY OUT OF THE DAKGERS.
"Here, I say, is a probable way out of the
dangers which threateion thiviliation itself. The
obvious agent for initiating a proposal for such
a conference is our own favoured Republie re-
moved as it is from the field of eigver which wty-seen yearsov-
ers; standing outside the mutual suspicions which
make Europe a camp of armed men not against
foreign foes cenbut against brother Efamilopey vault at
continent tearing itself to pieces as if one .mem-
ber of the body metshould would another
plMay President Tat,s chief concluded Mr. Car
negie, rise to the occasion and let the world
know there is one nation that is thbefore champion of
Peace. Thus at least will he ours ane done is duty
thousand place our country in its properRev. Edward Cummsitionngs, pastor,
leader in the among led at private fr 'service foearthe fami-nd
amoug men good will.' "I


DEATH OF DR. HALE.
WiAmong those simplicity attendlak of ostentation that
characterized his long life or, A Lawreighty-sevencyears,
the body of the Rarv. Edward Everett Hale,
chaplain of the United States Senate, author,
journalist, philanthropist and religious leader,
was laid recently es W Elay in th family baadorult and
Forest HlJames Cemetery, while the city, President ofh-
place mourned him as its chief citizen.
Prthe Amerfuneianal srvicenitarians at the South
Congregating, Dist Church, t Attorney Arthich e was pastor
emeritus, the body lay in state before the r Goveran-
Fcl for nearly three hour and was viewed by
thus Ed ward GCa, Hor ummings, pastor,
conducted the services a of Atlanta Universithy; Professor G, and ear-
lier in the day led a private service for the fami-
ly at the Hale homestead, No. 39 Highland ave-
nue, Roxbury.
Among those who attended the church service was o
were Governor Eben Park S Draper, A Lawrence Lo-
well, President of Harvard University, and Mward
Lowell; Colonel homast Wentby order of th igginson,
Dr. and Mrs. Charles W Eliot, Ambassador and
Mrs James Bryoe, Samuel A Eliot, President of
the American Unitarian Society; Judge William
Caleb Loring, District Attorney the gArthur D Hill,
former Governor John bD Long, ormer Governor
Frank W Rollins, of New Hampshire ; Mr and
Mrs. Hale's ord inon in Worce Buster, and formerr











tE Woohur Hale, of New York, representingof the deceased, gave
Bish Perry, representing the National Institute
of Arts ance with an old custom of my father, I wishers.
to thank you funeral services werndane hereld atnd

Through you all the friends thty, from sunriseghout theo sunset,







world."


.1.0JLA.L tiA"kljit-AIUAIDAY, J'4JMS A 19W.


Geo. Tear, J. G. Shepherd,
L. S. Simmons, W. H. Dunscombe,
W. T. A. Spurling,W. H. Dunscombe,
J. R. Lusher, W. L. Astwood,
A. J. Hill, Geo. White,
E. L. Bridle, Geo. White,
J. F. Motyer, E. L. Bridle,
J. Barritt, L. S. Simmons,
A. Hatcher, Geo. White,
J. W. Denman, W. Connor,
W. T. Tatem, J. G. Shepherd,
Jas. Robinson, W. W. Connor,
J. S. Vallis, T. S. J. Trott.






1HJE kOYAL, GAZWFITT-ATURDAY, JUNE 26, 19009.


--4


two per thousand of the entire population of
Greater Britain have suffered theretioin, thAt men
are more liable to the deseasu than women, that
most of the oases occurred between the tenth and
the twentieth year, and that the fewest oases
occurred in the first ten years of life, but when
they do so occur the percentage of mortality is
higher. At this age 17 per cent of oases are
fatal; the lowest number of fatal oases occurs be-
tween 20 and 30 years, the percentage being on-
ly 5. The danger of appendicitis grows with in-
creasing age, although persons over 70 years
rarely suffer from it.
Patients suffering from appendicitis have the
greatestohanoe of complete cure if they submit to
early operation. Only 9 per cent of those oases
nbere operation took place on the first day of ill-
ness proved fatal, 7 per cent of oases operated on
on the second day, 10 per cent, on the third day
of illness, and 23 per cent of the cases operated
on later than the third day.
LORD CURZON AND THE VETERAN.
Lord Curzon has lately been telling the most
pathetic incident in which he ever took part. It
was during the memorable Delhi Durbar while
he was Viceroy of India. Part of the ceremonies
included a review of a considerable number of
veterans of the Mutiny. Among those who had
assembled, was one who was totally blind through
being struck by a splinter of a Sepoy shell.
Going up to him, Lord Cuizon expressed his
sympathy with him and his sorrow that it had
not been possible for him to witness anything of
the splendour of the Durbar. "Thank you,
very much, my lord," replied the man grateful-
ly. "You are very good. But if I could not
see the Durbar, sir, I felt it." The touch of im-
agination in this reply greatly appealed to Lord
Curzon, who has treasured up the incident ever
since.
A GUIDE FOR A DUCHESS.
Speaking of the Durbar, Lord Curzon tells
many amusing stories in connection with it. As
will be remembered, a large camp was fitted up
in the neighbourhood of Delhi for the accommo-
dation of those visitors who could not find
accommodation in the town. As he was passing
through this camp one evening from visliifiga
friend, Lord Curson was seized upon b a stately
dowager who, quite unaware is identity,
ordered him to conduct her er tent, the num-
ber of which she gave hW He smiled and com-
plied with her order lHer ladyship was slightly
astonished the.-Lfixt day, however, to see her
unknown ide standing before her as Viceroy of

ANGLO-JEWISH MARRIAGES.
The recent marriage of Lord and Lady Dal-
meny recalls the fact that the bridegroom's
mother, the late Lady Rosebery, had been born
Miss Hannah de Rothschild. And in this relation
it is of interest to note the many Jewesses who
have married into our old families, and the way
in which Jewish traits of feature and also of
character can be traced among members of the
aristocracy. And there can be no doubt that, as
a nation, we have gained on these alliances.
Great wealth has been acquired; and, as times
goes on, we see signs around us of dome of those
qualities for whio' the Hebrew race has become
famous. Such, for instance, as thrift, sobriety, a
love of business, a love of learning, and a respect
for the domestic virtues.
In OLDEN DAYS.
We seem apt to think that these unions are
more or less of a new departure, but in point of
fact, they go back for several generations. Lord
Eardley, whose peerage became extinct in 1824,
was a Jew by birth, although not in the end by
religion ; and his eldest daughter and co-heirees
married she fourteenth Lord Saye and Sele, and
became the mother of the fifteenth baron. Then
Lord Lyndhurst, whose peerage is also extinct,
and who was Lord Chancellor of England, took
as his second wife a Miss Goldsmid. Their
daughter, the Hon. Lady du Cane, is now a
widow, and one of the best talkers and cleverest
women in London. And her talents have been
inherited by her children, as Miss Ella du Cane
is a clever artist, and has made a marked success
with her paintings of gardens, especially of the
flower-filled pleasure grounds in the south of
Europe and in Japan, while her sister, Miss Du
Cane, not long ago wrote a book on Japan, its
trees, flowers, and gardens.
A former Lady Mexborcugh belonged to the
noted Jewish family of Raphael; but, as it
chanced, she was a Roman Catholic by religion.
And she became the mother of four children, one
of whom is now Princess Lowenstein-Wertheim.
The late Hon. Henry FitzRoy, great-uncle to
the present Lord Southampton, married a Miss
Hannah de Rothschild, and her daughter is the
Lady Coutts Lindsay of to-day, an artist, a poe-
tess, and a writer of books for children. Then,
the late Lady Rosebery, who has already re-
ceived mention, was a woman of light and lead-
ing, who gained praise even from the late Mr.
Gladstone for her wise and statesmanlike qualities.
And she gave to the world Lady Crews and Lady
Sybil Grant, both brilliant women, and Lord
Dalmeny and his brother, Mr. Neil Primrose, for
which latter some folk predict a political career
of much importance. Then, Ellen Lady Desart
and her sister, Lady Fitzgerald, wife of the
Knight of Kerry, are both daughters of the late
Mr. Henry Bisoboffsheim. Lady Fitzgerald has
three children, two sons and an only daughter,
who is now Lady Richard Wellesley.
OTHER MARRIAGES.
Then among similar unions may be mentioned
those of the late Lord Battersea and Lady Batter-
sea, who was Miss Constance de Rothschild; of
Lord Sherborne and the late Lady Sherborne,
who began life as Miss Schuster, and took as her
second husband the late Lord Haliburton; of .the
Hon. Mrs. Elliot Yorke, who was a Miss Annie
de Rothsbchild, and who married the younger
brother of a former Lord Hardwicke; and, latest
of all, the Hon. Mrs. Charles Tufton, once Miss
Stella Faudel-Phillips, and who, in 1903, married
the youngest son of Lord and Lady Hothfield.
JEWISH HUSBANDS.
Our social records give few instances of Jews
who are married to Englishwomen of position.
The exceptions include Lady Miohelham; Mrs.
Lionel Faudel-Phillips, a niece of Lord Huntly;
and Mrs. Oppenheim, who was a Butler, and is a
relation of Lord Dunboyne.

Died.


MING-In Devonshire Parish' on Saturday,
June 5, Jane Elizabeth, beloved wife of Peter B.
Ming, in the 50th year of her age.


NOTICe.


ALL PERSONS indebted to the undersigned
ere urgently requested to make settlement of
their accounts on or before

The 30th June, 1909,
as a change in my business will then take place,
and all bills not then paid or satisfactorily arrang-
edfor will be placed in legal hands for collection.
JOHN BARRITT,
Mineral Water Manufacturer.
Hamilton, June 26, 1909.-2 3p.
P.S.-The above does not apply to my regular
monthly or quarterly customers.-J. B.


E9 AM


'T USMKC NEW DRE-S, steamer
| and cheap packing trunks
Leatlher B.ias, Dressa Suit
Cass, Ladies' Hat Boxes, Rng Straps, Soiled Lin.-
en Bags. Cheap reading and everything for the
traveller THE TOWER ( Aro.de), Trunk Dept.


GOVERNMENT FOR RENT-.


NOTICE.


NOTICE
PILOTS and others concerned are hereby
notified that the buoy marking Kitchen Shoal
off the East end of theee Islands is missing.
This buoy will be replaced on the arrival
of the large buoy which is now on its way
from England.
A. G. MONTAGU,
Clerk of the Board of
Pilot Commissioners.
23rd June, 1909.

By command,
R. POPHAM LORB,
Colonial Secretary.
Colonial Secretary's Office,
24th June, 1909.

Salt, -

RECEIVED
Per "ALICE E. L."
FROM TURKS ISLAND

COARSE SALT
which will be sold at reasonable
rates, if taken from the wharf
during the next few days. .
B. W. WALKER & CO.,
35, Front Street.
Hamilton, Bermuda,
26th June, 19(19.-1.


FURNITURE


SALE.


BY PUBLIC

AUCTION
TO BE SOLD

At The LAURELS,"
on the Middle Road near
Prospect, the residence of
Major J. R. YOUNG, R. E.
ON

TUESDAY NEXT,

the 29th inst., at 12 o'clock..
CONSISTING OF :
Wicker and Cane Arm Chairs,
Bamboo and Fancy Tables,
Japanese Prints (by Hiroshige),
Long Deck Chairs, Book Shelves,
Tiger Skin Stationery Cabinet,
Folding Writing Table, Books,
Cedar Sideboard 7 feet long,
Curtains and Poles, Door Mats,
Roller Top Writing Desk,
Linen Cupboard, Hanging Lamps,
Pictures, Dining Table,
Refrigerator, Carpets, etc.,
Breakfast, Dinner, and Tea Services,
Glassware, Lamps, Clocks, etc.,
2 pieces Linoleum (quite new) 14 ft. 9 and 33 ft.
and 9, 6 feet wide,
5 Wood and Iron Bedsteads, with Mattresses and
wire sprigs,
Bedroom Suits (white enameled),
Chests of Drawers, Towel Rails,
Soiled Clothes Barket, Camp Bed,
18 Bent Wood Chairs,
Sewing Machine, Ladies' Dress Form,
Toilet Ware, Kerosene Heaters,
Willow Ware Crockery, Matting,
Mi'k Bowls, Verandah Chairs,
Large Stove. Scales and Weights,
Oil Stoves. Kitchen Utensils,
Carpenter's Tools, etc., Garden Tools,
Lawn Mowers, Saddle and Bridle,
Stable Requisites,
Tennis Net and Poles, 7 Chickens,
Etc., Etc., Etc.,
and
One Milch Cow,
Covered Buggy,
Four-wheeled Dog Cart.
B. W. WALKER & CO.,
Govt. Auctioneers.
Hamilton, Bermuda,
June 26, 1909.-1.

Preliminary Notice

BERMUDA CATHEDRAL SUNDAY
SCHOOL.


The Annual Outing at
Island will take place on


Port's


THURSDAY, JULY 8th.
Full particulars will be advertised in a later
issue.
LEFROY JONES,
Secretary.
June 26, 1908-1.
FREEZE that freeze quick-
FR EEZE S eat, sizes up to 10
qts, larger ones to
order, new stock just in. THE TOWER (Base-
ment) House furnishing Dept., Hamilton.


CENTRALLY LOCATED in the City of
Hamilton, a conveniently arranged
FLAT, with eleven rooms
Halls, Clothes Closets. Lath and Toilet,
FINE VERANDAH with Southern aspect
and good view of Hamilton Harbour.
STABLES AND COACH HOUSE, with ac-
commodation for 2 horses and 2 carriages.
Wood and Coal Room and Detached Room
for Servant.
Good Yard and Gardens.
For further information apply at
THE ROYAL GAZETTE OFFICE
Hamilton, 13th March, 1909.-3p tf.

ISLAND STEAM SERVICE.

Moonlight
Excursion.
Steel Steamer CORONA
TO=NIO -1T
9 o'clock.
For Boaz and Ireland Island,
calling at "Spit Head" both going
and coming. Returning to
Hamilton about 11 p.m.
FARE.-ROUND TRIP i/. (25c.)
ISLAND STEAM SERVICE.
PEARMAN, WATLINGTON & 00C.
Managing Owners




"DUBOHNET"








-THE-

Great French

APPE 'IZER





CONTAINS
ONLY 18 o/o ALCOHOL


Guaranteed under The Food
and Drugs Act, June
30th, 1906.


3.6 iE. tlhbour & go.
bamiiton.


PICKFORD & BLACK

STEAMSHIP COY., LTD.,
PROPOSED ITINERARY.
Canada. Bermuda, West ladies and Demerara
Service.
(SouTHBOUND TURip.)


Stmr.


Leave St.
John, N.B.


Leave Hali-
fax, N.S.


DueBiermuda
to sail for
West Indies.


ON OR ABOUT


Sobo ...
Oruro...
Dahome
Oeamo..
Sobo ...
Oruro...
Dahome
Ooamo..
Sobo....


Mon. Mar 15 Wed. Mar 24 Sun. Mar. 28
Sat. Mar. 27 Mon. Apl. 5 Fri. Apl. 9
Thur. Apl. 8 Sat. Apl. 17 Wed. Apl. 21
Tues. Apl. 20 Thur. Apl 29 Mon. May 3
Sun. May 2Tues.May 11 Sat. May 15
Fri. May 14 Sun. May 23 Fhur May 27
Wed. May 26 Fri. June 4 Fues. Junne 8
Mon. June 7 Wed June 16 Sun. June 20
Sat. June 19 Mon June 28 Fri July 2


(NoRTHBOUND TRIPs.)
Steamers are due at Bermuda to sail for St. John,
N. B., or Halifax, N. S., on or about
OCAMO Sun. Mar. 21 DAHOME Fri. Apl. 2
OCAMO Wed Apl. 14 SOBO.....Mon. Apl. 26
ORURO Sat. May 8 DAHOMEThr. May 20
OCAMO Tues June 1 SOBO......Snn. June 13
ORURO Fri. June 25 DAI IOME Wed. July 7
OCAMO Mon. July 19 SOBO......Tues. Aug. 3
PORTS OF CALL:-Bermuda, St. Kitts, Anti-
gus, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, St.
Vincent, Barbados, Trinidad, Demerara.
3W NOTS.-S. S. Dihome and S S. Sobo call
at Montserrat, (for mails and passengers only)
going south but do not call at St. Lucia and St.
Vincent going south, nor at St. Vincent and
Montserrat returning north.
8.8. Ocamo and 8.8. Oruro do not call at St.
Kitts, Antigua and Dominioa going south, but
call at all ports returning.
failing dates of these lines will be adhered
to as closely as possible, subject to
weather and other circumstances.
W. T. JAMES & CO, Agents.
Hamilton and St. Georp' Bermuda


LA TOURAINE THE PERFECT COFFEE
To introduce this HIGHEST GRADE COFFEE and to make SURE of
putting a sample pound into every home we offer
FOR NEXT WEEK ONLY
To everyone making a purchase of one pound

LA TOURAINE
ONE HALF POUND ABSOLUTELY FREE
or one and one-half pounds for the price of one pound 1/8
positively not over two pounds to one person.
THIS IS A PURE COFFEE AND IS NEVER SOLD FOR LESS THAN 1/8.
We carry everything in the GROCERY LINE. We call particular attention to
our FAMOUS CEYLIlDO TEA, sold only in lead packets in half and one pound.
Four grades 1/4, 1/8, 2/- and 2/6.
The JAMES GROCERY CO.



NOTICE.


Special Summer Excursion Tickets

$20 to $30 FIRST CLASS, $18 SECOND CLASS
will be issued by our steamers at Bermuda during
JUNE JULY AUGUST
good for return up to and including sailing from


New York


28th August next.


QUEBEC S. S. CO., LTD.
WATLINGTON & CONYERS, AGENTS.
Hamilton, Bermuda, 5th June, 1909-S. t.f.



SYDNEY WOODWARDREAEST NEGRO
TENOR.
WILL GIVE


A SONG


RECITAL


Inii COLONIAL OPERA HOUSE, Bermuda.

Thursday, JULY 1st,
1909
Mrs Mary Jackson Woodward


PIANIST, A Student of the
a graduate of Dr. Carson's


Queen's
School


College,
of Music,


Barbados, and
Jacksonville.


2DMISSION-Orchestra 2/6. Balcony 1/6. Gallery 1/-.
Tickets on ale at the "Colonist" Office.
MR. J. H. C. JACKSON,
June 21, 1909. Manager.



.eTHE BEST IN BERMUDA..&


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& Company.


Registered Prescription Druggists

QUALIFIED BY EXAMINATION.

Corner of Reid & Queen Streets (opposite the Rubber Tree), Hamilton.
TELEPHONE CALL 247.



The Bermuda Hardware Co.

offer BARGAINS in all

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sale.

cor. Front and Parliament Streets.



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BY APPOINTMENT TO


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I...


;THE VIEWS OF LORD
CHARLES BERESFORD.

EIGHT DREADNOUGHTS WANTED.
MATTERS SERIOUS.
CRUISERs A CRYING NEED.

Lord Charles Beresford was the principal guest
at the Australasian banquet which was held
recently in London. Lord Northcote, late
9evernor-General of Australia, presided, and said
rtoept events had shown us that Great Britain
oebuld no longer pretend to the position of naval
abspremaoy which a short time ago the bulk of
khe people believed she possessed. We had to con-
sider possible opponents in the future. When he
amid that, he had no intention of speaking in any
provocative spirit. (Hear, hear.)
Lord Charles Beresford, enthusiastically re-
oeived, commenced as follows:-The time has
arrived in the history of our great empire for us
to look very narrowly and very carefully into the
question of Imperial defence as a whole. I think
,*e Government was very wise to ask a eonfer-
ence to assemble in this country to discuss that
MlI-impafhnt matter. I am not quite- sure
whether the idea originated with the Government
co Great Britain and Ireland-thear, hear)-or
ethber is originated with the colonies. But,
berever it originated, it was a sound and com-
*on-sense proceeding the state of affairs in which
we now find ourselves. It would be very wise to
go th e representatives from the different
dominions to come over here to discuss this
patter from their point of view. The question
dl Imperial defense is certainly in the minds of
te dominions, because they have come forward
lately and shown as over here that we are getting
i bit sleepy, that we are not taking things as
they are, that we are not looking facts in the face.
Tbat is emphasized by the fact that the dominions
*have offered to send a certain amount of money
borne for the purpose of finding what one de-
ribed as Dreadnoughts, but which I would
efr to call battleships. Therefore a lead has
S taken by the dominions, and by taking the
.td they are going to impress upon Great Britain
= d Ireland that the necessity for an adequate
at for defence is one of paramount importance.


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:,MEDICINE CO., St. Louis, U. & A.


HOW COLONIES MAY AID.
The first object in this question of Imperial
defence was as to how we and the colonies could
best help each other. He hoped that his remarks
would not be considered impertinent or in the
line of dictation, but be regarded merely as the
views of a seaman who since he was a lieutenant
had studied war, what was necessary for war, and
to be ready for war. Before spending large sums
of money it was always well to look at what the
result would be. The proposal from many of the
dominions was that two millions should be
presented to this country for the purpose of
laying down battleships to serve in home waters.
His view of the situation was that these great
dominions could best help us by making
proposals for defending themselves. Now let him
take the proposal of sending from any one of the
dominions 2,000,000 for a battleship. Would
that really help the object in view? One thing
the English-speaking nations were determined
upon was that whenever they spent money they
liked to control that money. (Cheers.) Let
them suppose the 2,000,000 was spent on a
battleship. That battleship would be in these
waters, bsoause a battleship by itself was not of
very much use. Battleships had to work in
fleets. Imagine that there was a war, and that
the dominion's battleship was in these waters,
and that the danger that would occur to the
dominion did occur, and their trade routes were
out. "I don't think it would add to the
sympathy of these dominions," Lord Charles
continued, "if after paying this large sum of
money this-I won't call it accident-if when
those circumstances should occur to them the
money they invested was defending the shores of
this country. I think that may promote certain
recriminations, very natural remarks, and I think
disappointments. The only way the dominions
can be hurt is by their trade routes being cut.
The plan of having torpedo-boats and submarines
in the dominions would not carry out the object
at all, because in these days, if we go to war, it
it most unlikely that the cruiser of a foreign
country would get to the dominions and operate
by going into a harbour and blowing down a
town. The days for that are past. What would
they get from a town ? They would get a certain
amount of money, and probably a certain amount
of bills, which may not be paid when they are
due. (Laughter.) The foreign cruiser would go
to the trade route. The torpedo-boat or the sub-
marine is a defensive weapon. It would never be


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able to get out to stop the cruiser. It would me tell you this: The two-Power standard, will
wait until the cruiser is foolish enough to come be very easily kept up if we have an Imperial
in, and then it would operate. But the cruiser navy It will be impossible for this country
would do nothing of the sort. The cruiser would alone in the near future to keep up that standard,
remain in the trade route I have described. but if the whole of those five nations are kept
together we shall be able to keep the two-Power
POLICY OF ATTACK ADVOCATED. standard, and if we keep the two-Power standnid
But there is another point. All nations at this we can smoke our cigars and smile whatever the
moment for fighting efficiency are short of cruisers, rest of the world may do. (Loud laughter )
They could not spare their battleships and cruisers EIGHT BATTLESHIPS WANTED THIS YEAR.
from home waters. What would probably occur
would be an armed mercantile auxiliary, which I am not going to be led into any discussion
would go out into the trade routes. So I appeal about the naval controversy for several reasons.
to our British instinct. Have we ever in our There are certain energetic gentlemen connected
lives adopted a policy of defeace? Never, with the Press- (cries of "Yellow Press")-very
(Laughter and cheers.) We have always adopt- desirous of getting something which I have heard
ed the policy of attack, and that is the policy we called "copy." Some of these gentlemen have
should always adopt. (Cheers.) I don't say put into my mouth words I have never ip.,ken
mines are not useful; they are useful, and not ex- and thoughts I have never thought, amd having
pensive. But you should not put money into done that to their own satisfaction they have
torpedo-boats and submarines, or send a large held me up to contumely, to which I am acous-
amount of money over here to build a battleship tomed, and made out that I am not in sympathy
-a ship, remember, the life of which is only 20 with Dreadnoughts or something of that sort.
years with luck. It mwathave a collision, and it All I pan say is this: I-~o iidci* is absolutely
may be over in 20 months, ,.6a what becomes of neoe 'zi. e- should lay down 'eight battle-
your two millions. Whereas if yo3 invest your r year. (Cheers ) But 1, would
two millions in your home defence aszd hbanv-I P hy this, that I hope my cjhitry-
cruisers which can go out to protect your trade 4d I hope the gallant A ii
routes and attack and keep your line of com- 4 dmen here, do not think for ole, .,,.et
meroe clear and protected, surely it would be a LAt these eight battleships will tbe snffi-
better investment of money, and far cheaper than cient for the fleet we shall have to form owing to
investing in the problematical eflfot of putting a our deferred liabilities and deferred obligations
battleship in home waters to defend the shores of in the last four years. But that we should begin
this country. (Hear, bear.) I hold in the great with those I am most determinedly of opinion is
Imperial question that if these dominions will necessary. Matters connected with the British
commence with cruisers they can eventually, Navy are very serious. I have had the honour of
perhaps, go into larger craft, but to meet the making a statement to the Prime Minister-not
difficulty and to gain the object we all have-to in writing. The Prime Minister in his wisdom
help the mother country and the mother country thought it was necessary to have an inquiry into
to help these dominions-I maintain that the my statement. I am not at liberty to say how
investment of money on cruisers is far more likely far that inquiry has gone, but I can say I do not
and more liable to meet the object to be attained think you could get five more able men with
than the investment of large sums of money for more judicial minds than are on that inquiry.
battleships or defensive forces in your own Until all the evidence I can give to that inquiry
waters. (Cheers.) Now the dominions will be is presented to them I shall not make any public
able to build these ships. They could begin with pronouncement on what I consider the very
the nucleus of a fleet, serious present position of the fleets, their want of
organization and proper preparation for war. The
COLONIES SHOULD BUILD A NAVY. first pronouncement I intend to make will be
After all, there are 15 million white me n in before perhaps the most powerful body of com-
these dominions, and when you come back to the meroial men in this country-the London
years 1858-59-when I joined the navy-I re- Chamber of Commerce, I shall be very clear in my
member perfectly that the flagship on the Aus- statements. I shall make no statements I cannot
tralian station was docked in Australian waters, produce facts to support. But, as I said recently
Let us look abroad, and see what happened in at a meeting, no matter how serious the questions
other countries. At that time Japan was fight- may be found there is no necessity for panic.
ing in tortoise shell armour, with bows and ar- Panic is the last. Well, it is not the last re-
rows. Look where Japan is now. She can build source-it is the only resource of weak people.
any size ship. She can build any size dock. (Hear, hear.)


,'"" -j. .- Mr. Farman achieved
5- . / "Ij pthe record flight of 17
*"' A" *MILES from Chalons
to Rheims without a stop
S on October 30, 1908.


Nerve Strain and Exhaustion-
Mr. Henry Farman's marvellous conquest of the air is another of those
brilliant triumphs of nerve force and endurance which are made possible
by the vitalising potency of Phosferine.
The master minds, the leaders of men, have ever been the foremost
to esteem the energising efficacy of Phosferine, but the very importance and
difficulty of Mr. Farman's historic achievement is the strongest possible
proof of the supreme restorative qualities possessed by the greatest of
all tonics. Mr. Farman expresses the warmest appreciation for the
permanent staying power and resistance which Phosferine imparted to his
nerve system, enabling him to withstand the severe strain of the un-
expected risks and hazards of aerial flight.
Mr. Farman puts it on record that the very superabundance of
energy imparted by Phosferine makes for exceptional mental and physical
alertness, and in his own case, prevents the ill health and effects of
exposure, which would so greatly increase the risks of his experiments.

Stopped and entirely prevented.
Mr. Henry Farman, the marvellous "Flying Man," -2, Rue Avenue de
la Grande Armee, Paris, writes :-" I am pleased to endorse the merits
of Phosferine as a nerve tonic of the highest quality. As an aeroplanist
my nerve system is continually subjected to the severe strain of
unexpected risks and hazards, b'ut I have found Phosferine to be a
splendid bulwark against all kinds of exhaustion. Your preparation
imparts and stimulates a mental alertness and physical energy which
has contributed immensely to the success of my aerial flights. Even the
most careful calculations are apt to be upset by the effects of exposure,
but in my case Phosferine has completely fortified me against all such
evils. At the present time I am in excellent health and spirits, both
sleeping and eating well, and this desirable condition is certainly due to
Phosferine."-February 17, 1909.


PHOSFERINE

The Greatest of all Tonics.
A PROVEN REMEDY FOR
Nervous Debility Neuralgia Lassitude Backache
Irfluenza Maternity Weakness Neuritis Rheumatism
Indigestion Premature Decay Faintness Headache
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and all disorders consequent upon a reduced state of the nervous system.

The Remedy of Kings
Phosferine has been supplied by Royal Commands
To the Royal Family H.M. the Queen of Roumania
I"H.l. the Empress of Russia H.I.M. the Dowager Empress of Russia
H.M. the King of Greece The Imperial Family of China
And the Principal Royalty and Aristocracy throughout the World.
Proprietors: Ashton Parsons, Ltd., La Belle Sauvage, Ludgate Hill, London, EnglaIL.
Price in Great Britain, bottles, 1/14, 2/9 and 4/6 Sold by all Chemists, Stores, &c.
The 2/9 size contains nearly four times the 111i size.


MATTERS ARE SERIOUS.
Matters I know are serious. The matters that
I produce to my countrymen I know will cause
dissatisfaction. But until this committee has
bad all the evidence it would not be fair to them,
t would not be fair to the country, and it certain-
ly would not be fair to the service, to make any
discussion whatever on the state of the British
Navy now, or what it should be in future. In
conclusion, Lord Charles said that for his idea
of an Imperial navy he did not claim priority,
but they formulated something definite which in
the present state of the forces of the world, in
this extraordinary army of all the nations, with
these heavy ships, enabled them to form some
idea of how best not only to help the mother
country, but how the mother country could help
the colonies. "We want to put ourselves," he
said, in the position that war with us will be
impossible, and then we shall secure the greatest
interest that belongs to the empire-that of
peace." (Loud cheers.)



NOTICE.


ALL PERSONS HAVING CLAIMS AGAINST
i. 0. HILL & CO.
will please render same for settlement before

The 30th Instant
and All persons indebted to the above firm are
urgently requested to make settlement before the
above date, as we have made a change in our
business. All bills not paid or satisfactorily
arranged will be placed in legal bands for collec-
tion.
H. G. HILL & CO.
June 19th, 1909.-4.
P.S.-The above does not apply to our regular
monthly or quarterly customers.-H.G.H.

FOR SALE.


A Number of Marquees

and Bell Tents.

SECOND HAND. ALL SIZES.
Apply to
H. C. MASTERS.
Reid Street.
Hamilton, June 22nd, 1909.-2

FOR' SALE

A FEW PUNCHEONS CHOICE


Barbados


Smolass$c

at 25 cents per Imperial gall.
Apply to
JOHN S. DARRELL & JAMES.
8t. Georges, May 33, 190-4.t.
c-sw.


3ust 1Receiveb



At The Royal Gazette

Stationery Store.
A FRESH SUPPLY OF

sEliman's Emirwao-
-AMD-

Ricbmond I eors c odtIt

PowderS.


NORWICH UNION


---FRE INSURANCE SOCIETY,
Of rNowich and London, Engtlat4

FOU iD 1797.


Subscribed Capital -
Funds -
Losses Paid -
Income -
ImmWranew sefcteUd on theat
Losses Liberally and Pro
AarrN


FREDERICK A. WHITE,
Hamilto, BeWneuds.

Quebec Steamship
Company Limited.


S. S. "Bermudian"

Class *100 Al at Lloyds.
5,530 Regist'd Tons.

PROPOSED ITINERARY NEW YORK
AND BERfiUJDA SERVICE.

STEAMER: LEAVE NEW TYO. L I 41



Trinidad Sat. June 26th Sat. July 3rd
Bermudian Wed. July 7th Tues. July 13sh
Bermudian Sat. July 17th Sat. July 24t
Bermudian Wed. July 28th Tues. Aug. 3td
Bermudian Sat. Aug. 7th Sat. Aug. 1Ith
Bermudian Wed. Aug. 18th Tues. Aug. 24th
Bermudian Sat. Aug. 28th Sat. Sept. 5t6


Sailing hour from Bermuda :
Bermudian 10.45-a. m.
Trinidad 9 a.m.
Subject to change without netige, if t stena
stanne should require.
Rates Ist Class per Berth
TO AUGUST 31M1.
Between New York and Bermuda
One way $18.00 to $25.00
Round Trip $20.00 to $80.00

Quebec Steamship 1

Company, Limited
WATLINGTON & CONTERB,
Agents.
13/3/09.

ALMANACK- June, 1909.


0 High Remtarks.
d.. Tide.

w. M.
T 22459 7 5 51056
W234 59 7 5 6 11 42
T 24 459 7 5 7 1228
F 25459 7 5 8 1 14
A 264 59 7 69 2 00
8 274 59 7 510 2 46 Third after 2Tixty
M 2815 0 7 511 332

First Quarter-25 day, 2hr. 23.5m. p.m.

THE BERMUDA ROYAL GAZETTE,
THE ROYAL GAZEr COMPANY, LImx-xp,
Proprietors,
is published every Tuseday and Saturday mera-
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-A .


I


The Flying Maa


She can make her own armour, her own guns,
and every single detail that is necessary for a
fighting fleet. Do you mean to tell me that the
splendid energy, enthusiasm, and mechanical
skill of these dominions could not do exactly the
same thing ? (Che re. I maintain that you
cold have cruisers thatvonuld not run into too
much expense, and eventually go on to have your
fleets ready and equipped and trained before we
finish the Rosyth Dock you have heard so very
much of. (Laughter and cheers.) You could very
easily manage all your Dookyardsand your repair
yards, and you could have everything necessary
for having a fleet of your own, and I believe it is
a proposal to be very much considered by those
representatives who come over from the domini-
ons shortly for the Imperial Conference. We
have got to keep in our minds the great question
of Imperial Defence on the whole, and how each
can help the other. (Cheers.) What we want,
and what you want, I imagine,. is a bona-fide
seagoing fleet, which san go to fight, not a fleet
or weapons which are kept in harbour, and which
may never have to be used at all, as I am per-
fectly certain that the dominions will be attacked
in their trade routes, and not in their harbours
and towns. He would like to say that under
the conditions he had proposed the first essential
should be that those vessels should be under the
administration of the dominions themselves.
There should be an interchange between the crui-
sers of the dominion fleets and with the home
fleets that would cement the union of the men.
Further, they should have the same system of
training. By doing that they would have one
great fleet. And what for? To defend each oth-
er and let the world see that if any part of the
empire was attacked the whole empire would
go as one great fleet to her assistance. Such an
organization as that for war would ensure peace.
(Hear, hear.) The one thing they had forgotten
in this country was war. They had fleets and ar-
mies which they had paid for like "fun, but
they never thought of war. It did not matter
what emergency was-even if it was a bolt from
the blue-they should be ready for it. (Hear,
hear.) And when they were ieady then would
they have peace. We have arrived ata time,"
the speaker added, "when we can dispense with
the name colonies and dominions. I prefer to
call them nations and with the nations of Canada,
South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and India
-those five cemented together for defence-we
can laugh at the rest of the world. (Loud ap-
plause.) Proceeding, he said they did not want
to be aggressive, but they wanted to look after
their own selfish selves. (Hear, hear.)
THE DREADNOUGHT "CRAZE." "
There had been a curious circumstance, he
went on to say, during the past few years-he
meant the insane craze, for armaments on the
part of other nations. He was afraid that this
country had led the way, not in the great arma-
ment craze, but in the Dreadnought theory.
There was a time when they had told another na-
tion that that ship would sink the whole of her
fleet. It was stupid nonsense to have said it.
(Hear, hear.) The result was that that nation
set to work and made a definite programme.
Yet, in face of having made that insane remark,
we delayed our shipbuilding. The result was
that we should have to spend a great deal more
than if we bad kept up to our yearly proposals.
Other nations were building Dreadnoughts, but
as command of the sea was our life, we bad to go
on building, and would have to spend 50 millions
more than we need have aone but for that insane
advertisement, which made others build up to
us. (Hear, hear and applause.) I am sure, "
added the admiral, "I shall hear of this again. ''
(Laughter.) If things go on as they are going
now, in the near future it will be impossible to
maintain the two-Power standard. It will mean
the question of bankruptcy or defeat. But let

COLDS CAUSE HEADACHE
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S .- 7


I




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