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Title: Australian social sciences abstracts
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Title: Australian social sciences abstracts
Physical Description: 18 no. : ;
Language: English
Creator: Australian National Research Council -- Committee on Research in the Social Sciences
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Publication Date: September 1954
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Subject: Social sciences -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
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Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1-18; Mar. 1946-Nov. 1954.
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Page 485
        Page 486
    Main
        Page 487
        Page 488
        Page 489
        Page 490
        Page 491
        Page 492
        Page 493
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        Page 496
        Page 497
        Page 498
        Page 499
        Page 500
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        Page 502
        Page 503
        Page 504
        Page 505
        Page 506
        Page 507
        Page 508
        Page 509
        Page 510
        Page 511
        Page 512
        Page 513
        Page 514
        Page 515
        Page 516
    Index to Nos. 16 and 17
        Page 517
        Page 518
        Page 519
        Page 520
        Page 521
        Page 522
        Page 523
    Back Matter
        Page 524
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
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September,


i954


SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH COUNCIL OF AUSTRALIA


Registered in Australia for transmission hb post as a periodical


AUSTRALIAN



SOCIAL SCIENCE



ABSTRACTS













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AUSTRALIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE ABSTRACTS


EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
Dr. K. S. Cunningham (Chairman)
Professor R. M. Crawford, Professor O. A. Oeser, Professor W. Prest,
Mr. H. L. White
GENERAL EDITOR
Dr. F. Schnierer, Faculty of Economics and Communerce, University.
Carlron, N.3, Melbourne, Victoria
HONORARY ABSI REACTORS
AGRICULTURE AND RL.RAL PROBLEMS-Professor S. Wadlhaam
EcONOMIncs-Assoc. Professor 0. de R. Foenandtr, Dr. D. Cochrane, Dr F.
Schnierer
GEOGRAnpjr-Mr E. J. Donatl and Dr F. Lot\we
hsToRv-Professor R M. Crauford and Mr O. NM. Roe
L.w-Dr R. N. Morris
PsichoLtoGy-Professor O. A. Oeser, Mr P. van Sonimers
All communications should be addressed to the General Editor
Subscription: 7s. 6d. per annum post free in Australian currency; 6s. sterling
within the Sterling area; $1.50 outside the Sterling area.


CONTENTS

(A) BIBLIOGRAPHY


Anthropology ..
Bibliography ..
Demography
Economics
Economic History
Education
Geography
History-
General
Far Eastern
Pacific


2668
2693
2694
2698
2732
2744
S 2776

. 20go
2855


international Relations
Law
Medical Statislics
Philosophy
Political Science
Psychology .
Social Medicine
Sociology


Economics- (B) ABSTRACTS
Economics and Economic Policy
Industry, Trade and Commerce-
(al General Works
(b) Individual Industries
Monerary Policy, Banking, Insurance
Public Finance
Transport and Communications
Labour and Industrial Relations
Agriculture, Land and Rural Problems
Social Conditions-
Housing ..
Social Security and Public Health
Population and Migration
Geography
History
Law
Psychology


2861
2866
2881
2882
2884
2904
* 2930
933


=937

2948
2956
=96o
2962
2964
2966
2969

297'
2972
S 2973
2975
2980
2981
2984


Australian Public Affairs Information Service, or A.P.A.I.S., indexes books,
magazine articles and government documents on Australian political, economic
and social affairs. It is published monthly by the Commonwealth National
Library, and will be sent free upon request to the Librarian.


.. .









AUSTRALIAN


SOCIAL SCIENCE


ABSTRACTS



0




The SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH COUNCIL OF AUSTRALIA was
established in 1952 to extend the scope and functions of
the former Committee for Research in the Social Sciences
of the Australian National Research Council.
The scope of the Council's work includes the sociological
aspects of anthropology, economics, education, history,
human geography, jurisprudence, medicine, philosophy,
political science, psychology, public administration and
statistics.




*


SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH COUNCIL OF AUSTRALIA















AUSTRALIAN SOCIAL SCIENCE ABSTRACTS

A publication of the Social Science Research Council of Australia.
All communications should be addressed to the Editor, Faculty of Economics
and Commerce, University of Melbourne, Carlton, N.3, Victoria, Australia.


No. 17 September 1954 7s. 6d. or $1.50 per annum



BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CURRENT RESEARCH

in the

SOCIAL SCIENCES IN AUSTRALIA IN 1953

General. In 1952, at the request of the National Institute of Economic and Social Research, London, the Social
Science Research Council of Australia undertook to collect material relating to research in the Social Sciences
which was then current in Australia. It was felt that this material should be used as the basis of a revised and
more complete list of research current in 1953. Consequently, all relevant departments in universities and other
similar institutions were circularized with the request that information should be returned on prescribed forms.
The response to this request was remarkably good. It was known that there were a number of gaps, but it was
nevertheless felt that a body of material had been collected which should, if possible, be published in Australia
and abroad.
Thus another attempt was made to complete these gaps and to check all existing information for errors by further
circulars sent out early in 1954. It is known that there are still gaps in the Register, but the Council agreed that a
useful purpose can be served by publishing the material as it now stands. It was further decided to do this in
the Social Sciences Abstracts.
The material here presented refers only to research commenced in or before 1953 and still current in that year.
Should the publication of this material indicate that there is a demand for a register of this kind issued at periodical
intervals, the Social Science Research Council wouldhope to prepare a supplementary register at a future date, say'in
two years' time.
Arrangement of Entries. Research projects have been listed under the names of persons directly concerned with
undertaking the research. In the cases of projects which are being undertaken for the purposes of a degree, or which
are under direct supervision for some other reason, the names of the supervisors are given. In the Appendix at the end
of the Register will be found a list of all the heads of the departments referred to in the Register. These are supplied in
case any persons making enquiries wish to contact departmental heads rather than persons directly concerned with
particular projects.
After the statement of the nature of the research in each entry other data are given under headings from (a) to
(f). These headings refer to the following matters:
(a) For what degree, where this is applicable: (b) Research workers assisting: (c) Name of supervisor of project
where the project is for a degree:(d) Dates when project commenced and actual or expected date of completion:
(e) Plans for publication, including where possible name of publisher and expected date of publication: (f) Where
completed and already published, name of publisher and date of publication.
Also, the following abbreviations have been used to indicate the University to which each project is applicable
(where the institution concerned is not a university the full name is given with the appropriate projects):
A.N.U. = Australian National University, Canberra.
S.U. = Sydney University.
M.U. = Melbourne University.
Q'ld.U. = University of Queensland, Brisbane.
U.A. = University of Adelaide, South Australia.
U.W.A. = University of Western Australia, Perth.
U.Tas. = University of Tasmania, Hobart.
U.N.E. = University of New England, Armidale, N.S.W.
C.U.C. = Canberra University College, Canberra.








ANTHROPOLOGY
2668. Ballingall, C. (Mrs Wilson). See Lawrence, Dr P.
No. 2680.

2669. Bell, J. H., Dept. Anthropology, S.U. Sociological
Study of an old town near Sydney.
2670. Belshaw, Dr C. S., Dept. Anthropology, A.N.U.:
(i) Community Study of Hanuabada (Papua).
This field study was intended to examine changing
social and economic conditions in an urbanised native
community with special reference to welfare needs. (c)
Prof. S. F. Nadel, Dr W. E. H. Stanner; (d) 1950-52; (e)
The full results are intended for publication in book
form, 1954-55; (f) C. S. Belshaw, "Evaluation of Time in
a Papuan Community" (article, interim results), South
Pacific, Vol. 6, No. 8, November 1952, pp. 466-72;
(see Abstract No. 2498 in No. 15 of this journal.) "Port
Moresby Canoe Traders" (article, interim results),
Oceania, Vol. XXIII, No. i, September 1952, pp. 26-39.
(2) Economic Changes among the Southern Massim
(Papua).
This fieldwork study was concerned with analysing
the influence of Western economy on the people referred
to above and to examine their adjustment to modern
commercial methods. (c) Dr W. E. H. Stanner; (d)
1950-52; (e) The results will be published in monograph
form jointly by the A.N.U. and American Anthropolo-
gical Association.

2671. Berndt, R. M., Dept. of Anthropology, S.U.:
Socio-Cultural Anthropological Research South
of Kainantu, in the Eastern Central Highlands
Territory of New Guinea.
The first period of field work in the above region,
involved a general survey of this region, which has been
only recently opened. Basic work in linguistics in the
Jate language in order to obtain working knowledge;
general pattern of social and cultural life, particular
emphasis on social structure, political organization, law,
and social control (reflected in, e.g., inter-district fight-
ing, local law courts, etc.). Survey is to be continued
from November 1952 to March 1953.

2672. Bladen, A. F. Dept Anthropology, S.U. An Evalua-
tion of the Role of two schools, one in Australia
one in the United Kingdom, in relation to the
general and to the local community.
2673. Bromley, J.,, see Craig, Jean I., No. 2675.
2674. Burridge, K. O. L., see Lawrence, Dr P. No. 2680.
2675. (1) Craig, Jean I., (2) Bromley, J., Dept. Anthro-
pology, A.N.U. Assimilation of Australian
Migrants.
A long-range sociological study of the factors deter-
mining the integration of immigrants (mainly post-war)
into Australian society. Based on interviews, question-
naires, case-histories, and field observation in selected
communities. (a) (i) Ph. D., (2) M.A.; (c) Prof. S. F.
Nadel; (d) 1951-54; (e) Results to be published in mono-
graph series of A.N.U. and probably in sociological
journals.
2676. Elkin, Prof. A. P., Dept. Anthropology, S.U.
Anthropology of South-Central and North-West-
ern Arnhem Land, Northern Territory.
The social organization and culture of the Aboriginal
Tribes, and a study of the process of change through
contact in the region. Special attention to religion of the
area, music, psychology, and linguistics.


2677. Fallding, H., Dept. Anthropology, A.N.U.. Struc-
ture of the Australian Family.
A field study of the types of the urban Australian
family based on interviews, case histories and field
observation in Sydney. (a) Ph.D.; (c) Prof. S. F. Nadel;
(d) 1953-.
2678. Hogbin, Dr I., Wedgwood, Miss C. H., Dept
Anthropology, S.U.. Social Structure of Melan-
esian Societies.
Analysis of published material.

2679. Hole, Miss V. W., Dept. Anthropology, S.U. Occu-
pational Mobility in N.S.W.
Information concerning the occupation of the two
spouses and spouses' fathers has been obtained from the
Register of Marriages for N.S.W. for 1907, and 1937.
The purpose of the analysis is to obtain a crude measure
of the extent to which occupations are hereditary be-
tween generations. (d) 1951-.

2680. (i) Lawrence, P., (2) Burridge, K. O. L., (3) Bal-
lingall, C., Dept Anthropology, A.N.U. Social
Control in Changing Melanesian Society.
Three studies concerned with examining the working
of authority and the effective integration processes in
societies long exposed to culture contact. Special atten-
tion is paid to the emergence of unifying religious move-
ments such as the Cargo Cult. (a) (2) and (3) for Ph.D.;
(c) Prof. S. F. Nadel, Dr W. E. H. Stanner; (d) 1952-54;
(e) The results will be published in A.N.U. monograph
series and probably in anthropological journals.

2681. Lawrence, Dr P., Dept. Anthropology, A.N.U.
Study of the Garia (New Guinea).
This field study was concerned with an anthropolo-
gical analysis of a small tribe in Eastern New Guinea,
including social structure, land tenure, and religion.
Special emphasis was laid on the emergence of "cargo
cult". (c) Prof. S. F. Nadel; (d) 1950-53; (e) "Garia Social
Structure." To be published as monograph by the
A.N.U.; (f) P. Lawrence "Sorcery among the Garia",
(article, interim results). South Pacific Vol. 6, No. 3.,
June 1952, pp. 340-43; and "Cargo Cult and Religious
Beliefs among the Garia" International Archives of
Ethnography, Vol. XLVII, 1954.

2682. McArthur, Miss M., Dept. Anthropology, S.U.
Social Anthropology and Nutrition amongst the
Kunimaipa Papua.

2683. McDonald, J. S., Dept. Anthropology, S.U. Motives
and Causal Factors in the Emigration of Italians
to Australia-Field Research in Italy.

2684. Meggitt, M., Dept. Anthropology, S.U. Social
Anthropology of the Northern Wailbri, North-
West Central Northern Territory, Australia.

2685. Nadel, Prof. S. F., Dept. Anthropology, A.N.U.
Assimilation of Australian Migrants (Political
reorientation).
A long-range sociological study of the factors deter-
mining the integration of immigrants (mainly post-
war) into Australian Society. Based on interviews, ques-
tionnaires, case-histories, and field observation in
selected communities. (b) Jean Craig, A.N.U.; (d) 195i-;
(e) in 1955.

2686. Pilling, A., Dept. Anthropology, S.U. Study of
the Social Structure and Economics of the
Bathurst Islanders.








2687. (1) Read, Dr K. M., (2) Salisbury-Rowswell, R.,
(3) Reay, Marie, Dept. Anthropology, A.N.U.
Social Structure in Central Highlands, New
Guinea.
These are the first three of a series of field studies
concerned with analyzing the types of society occur-
ring in the Central Highlands of New Guinea. The
first is concerned with the Gahaku-Gama group, the
second with the Suave group, the third with a tribe
in the Waghi Valley. (a) (2) Ph.D., (3) Ph.D.; (c) Prof.
S. F. Nadel; (d) 1950-54; (e) The full results will be
published in monograph form by the A.N.U. in its
own series; (f) K. E. Read "Nama Cult in the Central
Highlands" (article, interim results) Oceania Vol. XXIII,
No. I, pp. 1-25; September 1952. K. E. Read "Land in
the Central Highlands" (article, interim results); South
Pacific Vol. 6, No. 7, October 1952, pp. 440-49. K. E.
Read "Cultures of the Central Highlands, New Guinea",
South Western Journal of Anthropology, Vol. io, No. 1,
1954.
2688. Salisbury-Rowswell, R., see Read, Dr K. M., No.
2687.

2689. Stanner, Dr W. E. H., Dept Anthropology, A.N.U.
Social Structure of the Murinbata Tribe (Arnhem
Land).
Analysis of changes in the kinship system of this
tribe, as a re-study. (d) 1952-54; (e) in 1955-6.

2690. Strehlow, T. G. H., Dept. of Classics, U.A.
Australian Linguistics.
Under the above title work is being done on the
languages, myths, songs, traditions of the Central Aust.
Native tribes, especially the Aranda and Loritja. This
study is being made against the background of the social
structure and organization of these tribes, with due
regard to their original and present day economic
environment. (d) 1946: Final date not known, as a series
of volumes is planned. This is a "continuous project".
The first typescript volume, called "The Songs of Central
Australia", has now been completed (June 1954);
(e) Publisher still has to be found.

2691. Tindale, N. B.: (i) Australian Aborigines-Gen-
eral Studies in Material Cultures Tribal Dis-
tributions, Sociology, and Population Statistics.
Full time efforts of two researchers and two assis-
tants, field work in collaboration with Dept. of Anthro-
pology, Uni. of California, Los Angeles; particular aim
is Aust. wide comparison of accurately gathered and
collated data. (b) H. M. Cooper; (d) 1927-; (e) Definite
edition of tribal map of Aust. being completed in the
fields at present; (f) Scientific papers have been pub-
lished as interim reports on the work principally in
Records of the S.A. Museum, and the Transactions of
the Royal Society of S.A.
(2) Hybrid and fullblooded populations of Australia
and Tasmania.
Field work and genealogical enquiry to establish the
numbers, character and vital statistics of various
populations. (d) 1937- no set date; (f) 1953, Tindale,
N. B., Growth of a People . on . Islands of Bass
Strait. Rec. of Q. Vict. Mus. Launceston, New Series
No. 2, pp. 1-64.
(3) Tribal Map of Australia (2nd edition).
Field work to fill in gaps now completed. Compila-
tion of results being done. (d) 1953-55.
(4) Tribal and Intertribal Marriage among the Aus-
tralian Aborigines.
Analysis of genealogical data and field work. (d)


1951-53; (f) Tribal and Intertribal Marriage Among the
Australian Aborigines. Human Biology, 25, 1953, pp.
169-i9o. Copy attached.

2692. Worsley, P. A., Dept. Anthropology, A.N.U..
Social Structure of Groote Eylandt.
An anthropological field study of an Australian
aborigine tribe. (a) Ph.D.; (c) Dr W. E. H. Stanner;
(d) 1952-54; (e) In American Anthropologist, Oceania,
and A.N.U. monograph series, 1954-55.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
2693. Borchardt, D. H., U. Tas. Library.Union list of
Periodicals on Library Science and Bibliography
held in the major libraries of Australia.
The bibliography is to be limited to periodicals in
the field cited in the title. The number of entries will
be about 125. Holding libraries will be indicated as in
Pitt. (d) 1952-53; (e) To be issued in mimeographed form
by the Univ. of Tasmania; (f) Hobart, Univ. of Tasmania,
1953 (mimeographed).

DEMOGRAPHY
2694. Borrie, W. D., Dept. Demography, A.N.U. (i)
Demographic History of Australia.
History of the growth, distribution and structure of
the populations of the Australian colonies from their
foundations and of the Commonwealth since 1901, with
particular reference to immigration from overseas and
inter-colonial migration in the nineteenth century, and
to the trends of fertility and mortality since approxi-
mately 1870. Planned as two volumes. (b) Miss K. Jupp;
(d) 1949-58-
(2) The Cultural Assimilation of Immigrants in Aus-
tralia and New Zealand: an annotated Bibliography.
An annotated bibliography of literature, including
reference to unpublished thesis and manuscript material
and to foreign-language newspapers. (b) D. R. G. Packer;
(d) 1953; (f) Roneoed, available from Dept. Demography,
A.N.U. (See abstract No. 2608 in No. 16 of this journal).
(3) Italians and Germans in Australia: A study of
Assimilation.
Analysis of relevant demographic indices (inter-
marriage, naturalization, etc.) and social and cultural
aspects of assimilation, with particular reference to the
significance of group settlements and to the factors in-
fluencing Australian opinion towards minorities. The
German section concentrates on the period 185o-1900
and the Italian on the period 1920-40. For the latter
documentary material has been supplemented by field
investigation. (b) D. R. G. Packer; (d) 1950-53; (e) To be
published August 1954, by Cheshire & Co., Melbourne,
for A.N.U.

2695. McArthur, Dr N., Dept. Demography, A.N.U.
The Demography of Pacific Island Populations.
Stage one involves a general survey of existing demo-
graphic material in a wide range of Pacific islands,
analyses of general trends in populations and an assess-
ment of problems relating to the standardizing of data.
Extensive field investigations were carried out in 1953.
Stage two will involve detailed study of trends in two
or three small selected areas-e.g. one of rapid increase
and one of rapid decrease. (d) 1952-56.

2696. Packer, D. R. G., Dept. Demography, A.N.U.
Growth and Structure of the Victorian Poulation,
i836-9goi.
Demographic and historical study of the develop-
ment of the Victorian population, based primarily








on census records, vital statistics, and migration
statistics. Covers: (i) investigation of reliability of
statistical sources; (ii) analysis of factors of demo-
graphic change-mortality, fertility, migration; (iii)
analysis of population structure at census dates-sex
ratios, age composition, conjugal condition, birthplaces,
etc. (a) Ph.D.; (d) 1953-55.

2697. Price, Dr C. A., Dept. Demography, A.N.U.
Ethnic Minorities of Australia (1788-1938).
Historical survey of non-Britishers in Australia cover-
ing: Areas of Origin and Settlement; Economic Absorp-
tion; Sex Composition, Fertility, Intermarriage; Health,
Diet, Crime; Education, Language, Associations; Rela-
tions with country of origin and with Australian persons
and Institutions. Starts with basic records (Censal,
Migration, Naturalization, Marriage); then published
and unpublished literary material; finally field-work in
selected areas. (d) 1952-55.


ECONOMICS
2698. Appleyard, R. T., Dept. Economics, U.W.A., (i)
A Study of the Economic effects of the Dutch
and Italian Migration Schemes in Western Aus-
tralia in post-war years and some comparisons
with the "Displaced Person" Migration Scheme.
Location (geogr. and ind.) of Dutch and Italians
and degree of movement between trades and/or indus-
tries. (c) Prof. F. R. E. Mauldon; (d) 1953-54.
(2) The Industrial Location and Geographical distri-
bution of "Displaced Person" Migrants in West
Australia, 1948-1954.
Analysis of geography and industrial location of D.P.s
while on Govt. contract work and subsequent movements
after the expiration of contracts. (a) B.A. (honours) in
economics; (c) Dr M. Harris; (d) 1953-54.

2699. Arndt, H. W., Dept. Economics, C.U.C. The
Present Day Australian Capital Market.
Descriptive and analytical study, based on published
data as well as questionnaire inquiries. (b) It is planned
to co-ordinate this work with related work at A.N.U.
by Dr A. R. Hall and R. F. Henderson; (d) 1952-; (f)
H. W. Arndt and P. S. Shrapnel, "Consumer Credit in
Australia 1945-51", Economic Record, May 1953. (See
Abstract No. 2505 in No. 16 of this journal).

2700. Barback, R. H., Dept Economics, C.U.C. Economic
Policy in Australia since the war. (Documents).
A collection of documents and excerpts from docu-
ments giving an account of official economic policy and
public discussion thereof in the post-war period. (c) Sir
Douglas Copland acting as Adviser; (b) C. Forster,
during 1953; (d) 1952-54; (e) In 1955.

2701. Barnard, A., Dept. Economics, A.N.U. The
Development of Australian Wool Markets 1860-
9Ioo.
(a) Ph.D.; (c) N. G. Butlin; (d) 1952-.

2702. Belshaw, Dr J. P., Dept. Economics, U.N.E.
Work in Agricultural Economics and Rural
Sociology at British and American Universities.
Based on an overseas visit to the United Kingdom
and the United States in 1952-53. (d) 1953-; (e) Has
been duplicated for circulation (1954).

2703. Boehm, E. A., Dept. Economics, U.N.E. The
Economic Development of Electricity Supply in
South Australia.


Enquiry covers following ground: Early history of
electricity supply in S.A., development and expansion,
ownership and control, impact of electricity on our
economy, future developments. (a) M.Ec.; (d) 1951-54;
(e) Publication of 3 parts to be sought as Journal
articles, 1954-55.

2704. Butlin, Prof. S. J., and Clarke, V. A., Dept.
Economics, S.U. Papua-New Guinea Customs
Inquiry.
Examination of relationship of tariff to economic
development of Territory of Papua-New Guinea by a
committee of two. (d) 1952; (e) Government Printer,
Canberra 1953.

2705. Cameron, Dr B., Dept. Economics, C.U.C. The
Structure of Australian Industry.
An attempt to obtain data for application of the
theory of general interdependence to Australian pro-
ductive system. Theoretical basis laid down in previous
phase of enquiry. Next task to assemble transactions
(in-put: out-put) tables on 2oo industry basis. Prelimin-
ary enquiries already begun into further problem of
analysis of functional relations describing the structure
of production. (b) Miss F. Long, B.Ec.; (d) 1952-; (e)
Publication planned of "The Determination of Pro-
duction" embodying the results of first theoretical phase
of enquiry; (f) B. Cameron "The Construction of the
Leontief System" Rev. of Economic Studies, 1950-51.
Vol. XIX, (1) p. I9; "The Production Function in Leon-
tief Models", Rev. of Economic Studies, 1952-53, Vol.
XX (i), p. 62; "The Labour Theory of Value in
Leontief Models", Economic Journal, 1952. Vol. LXII,
p. 193; "Input Output Analysis" Economic Record, May
'954.
2706. Cheek, B. M., Dept. Economics, A.N.U. Gross
profit margins in Australian Manufacturing
Industry since 1900.
Gross profit margins for Industrial Classes and Sub-
classes, back to 19oo where possible, derived from
official statistics. Exploration of movements in margins.
Bearing of results on price and distribution theory. Use
of company records and interviews is planned. Com-
parison with U.S., N.Z., Canada. (d) 1952-55; (f) Earlier
work reported in Vol. XXV, August 1949. Supplement
of "Economic Record" p. 140-57. By B. M. Cheek.
"Economic Theory and Industrial Pricing." (see
Abstract No. 1281 in No. 9 of this journal).

2707. Cook, A. C. and Jones, E. H., Dept. Economics.
Production Costs in W.A.
A field survey of (a) effects upon cost functions and
pricing policies of manufacturing and retailing firms in
W.A., and (b) extent to which cost accounting aids in
cost finding and making of policy decisions. (d) 1952-53;
(e) A.N.Z.A.A.S. Paper, January 1954.

2708. Gates, R. C. see Jackson, L.S., No. 2716.

2709. Grant, J. McB. Dept. Economics, U.A. Life Assur-
ance in Australia and its Economic Consequences.
The aim of the enquiry is to assess the impact of life
assurance in the Australian economy, particular atten-
tion being paid to the effect on the capital market and
on the general level. (a) M.Ec.; (d) 1951-53.

271o. Grant, J. McB. see Russell, E. A., No. 2727.

2711. Griggs, R. L., Dept. Economics, U.A. The United
States Demand for Australian Wool.
To examine the U.S. Market for Australian wool to








determine long-term prospects, to isolate the causes of
short-term fluctuations in demand and to estimate the
relevant elasticities. The U.S. wool-growing industry
method of marketing and the factors influencing the
level of U.S. production, U.S. stocks, and U.S. consump-
tion on wool are analysed by reference to statistics and
other relevant material. (a) M.Ec.; (c) E. A. Russell;
(d) 1953-54.
2712. Hall, A. R., Dept Economics, A.N.U. An Exami-
nation of the Sources and Uses of Funds of Aus-
tralian Public Companies 1946-52.
A detailed analysis of the balance sheets of some 400
public companies which are being aggregated to give a
general picture of changes in the type of finance raised
by companies and the uses to which it is being put.
(b) Miss V. Munroe; (d) 1952-; (e) The results will prob-
ably appear as a monograph of the A.N.U.
2713. Hieser, R. O., Dept. Economics A.N.U. Monopoly
and the Theory of Value, Investment and
Economic Development.
(a) Ph.D.; (c) H. P. Brown; (d) 1953-; (f) Hieser, R. 0.
"Kinked Demand Curve for Monopolistic Competition",
Econ. Record, Vol. 29, No. 56, pp. 19-34, May 1953 (see
Abstract No. 2504 in No. 16 of this journal).

2714. Hirst, R. R. Dept. Economics, U.A. Measurement
of Industrial Production.
Investigation of reliability of various indices com-
monly used and the possibility of constructing an index
based on "deflated net value added" method. (b) Part-
time assistance of Miss L. Sutton; (d) 1950-54; (e)
As a result of this work, a paper on "The relations be-
tween indexes of input, gross output and net output"
by P. H. Karmel will be published in J.R.S.S. towards
end of 1954; (f) A.N.Z.A.A.S. paper, Canberra 1954.

2715. Hodan, M., Dept. Economics, U.A. International
Wheat Agreement.
76 pages of text and tables. After a brief introduc-
tory note on history of international wheat agreements
and the causes leading to the I.W.A. of 1949, the
character of the essay is completely analytical. All im-
portant provisions of the Agreement are examined one
after another. The results of the Agreement are criti-
cally appraised in view of the objectives. Finally, buffer-
stocks, as an alternative of the Agreement, are con-
sidered. The recommendations are based on the preced-
ing economic analysis. (a) B.Ec. (honours); (c) Mr E. A.
Russell; (d) 1953-54; (e) 1954.

2716. Jackson, L. S. and Gates, R. C., Dept. Economics,
S.U. War-time Taxation Policy and Administration.
The purpose is to produce a history of Australian
Commonwealth taxation during the Second World War,
covering political, legal, administrative, statistical and
economic developments. Different taxes and different
aspects of the income tax are being dealt with in self-
contained sections. The main source material consists
of official files, records of government discussions and
parliamentary debates, reports of committees and statis-
tical compilations. (d) 1949-54; (e) Publication by C'wlth
Taxation Dept. is likely, but not certain. If published,
would probably appear about October 1955.

2717. Jones, E. H., See Cook, A. C., No. 2707.

2718. Kerr, A. M., Dept. Economics, U.W.A. The
Resources and Development of the South West
Region of Western Australia.
Descriptive and analytical, including statistical presen-
tation and results of enquiry. (d) 1953-55.


2719. Lamberton, D. M., Dept. Economics, U.N.E.
Share Price Fluctuations in Australia.
This work may be divided into three sections. (i) Ex-
amination of existing share price indices. (ii) Construc-
tion of a new index of ordinary share prices using
Sydney prices. (iii) Study of share price fluctuations.
(d) 1953--

2720. Lithgow, G., Dept. Economics, U.Tas. Adminis-
trative Aspects of Regional Planning in Tasmania.
An account of the statutory basis and objects of the
organization for regional planning in Tas.; including
the Dept. of Industrial Development. The State Economic
Planning Authority, the Regional Committees and the
Commissioner for Town and Country Planning. An
analysis of operations and achievements to date, and
a discussion of the part played by Commonwealth and
State instrumentalities. The institutional framework
will be criticised and suggestions made for amendment.
(d) 1952-.

2721. Mauldon, Prof. F. R. E., Dept. Economics, U.W.A.
Community Income of W.A.
Estimation of aggregate constituents of community
income of the State; application of social accounting
methods; procedures for estimating incomes of sub-
regions of the State. (b) A. M. Kerr, W. E. G. Salter,
R. W. Peters, M. Newton, R. Pelham-Thorman; (d)
1950-1953-4; (e) Further publications, either as Dept. of
Economics series or as articles, dependent upon charac-
ter of results obtained and upon availability of funds
for publication; (f) A. M. Kerr, "Personal Income of
Western Australia", Dept. of Economics publication.
Series A (Econ.) No. I., 1951. (see Abstract No. 1925 in
No. 12 of this journal).
The following are also now in report form (mimeo-
graphed): (i) Salter and Peters jointly: A Preliminary
Investigation into the Possibility of Estimating Regional
Income for Western Australia; (ii) Salter: The Measure-
ment of Factor Income Generated by Productive Sectors
in Western Australia, 1947-48-1950-51; (iii) Peters:
The Measurement of Regional Incomes in Western
Australia, 1947-48-1950-51.

2722. O'Loughlin, Miss C., Dept. Economics, A.N.U.
The National Income and Balance of Payments
of Fiji.
(a) Ph.D.; (c) H. P. Brown; (d) 1953-.

2723. Oxnam, D. W., Dept. Economics, U.W.A. Structure
of Australian Wages.
Analysis of behaviour of wages in the Australian
economy, including differentials by industry, skill, age,
sex and geographical location. Methods of wage pay-
ment. Division of proceeds of industry. Wages policy as
part of over-all economic policy. Related statistics. (d)
1946-.

2724. Penny, D. H., Dept. Economics, U.A. Role of
Government in the Economic Development of
the South-East of South Australia.
A general survey of the functions of government in
this area, which is sufficiently homogeneous econo-
mically and geographically to be described as a region.
Special attention is being paid to various land settle-
ment schemes, especially soldier settlement. (a) M.Ec.;
(d) 1952-54; (f) A.N.Z.A.A.S. Paper, Canberra 1954.

2725. Perkins, J. O. N., Dr., Dept. Economics, A.N.U.
The Sterling Area, and the European Payments
Union.
The characteristics of the sterling area and the E.P.U.








in recent years and their effects upon world trade. The
place of sterling in the world currency system and im-
plications of the experience of the E.P.U. and of the
sterling countries for international monetary institutions
generally. (d) 1953-55; (e) as book, 1955.

2726. Pitchford, J., Dept. Commerce, U. Tas. The
Effect of Industrial Development on the Availa-
bility of Rural Labour in Tasmania.
Tasmania with emphasis on the years 1939-53. An ex-
amination of aggregate figures of employment-rural
and secondary-in conjunction with (i) a survey of
relevant Labour and National Service employment
records. (ii) a survey of manufacturing firms. (iii) a sur-
vey of various rural industries. (a) M.Comm.; (c) Prof.
G. G. Firth; (d) 1953-.

2727. Russell, E. A., Grant, J. McB. Dept. Economics,
U.A. The Corporate and Financial Structure of
Australian Industry.
The object of this enquiry is to investigate (a) the
sources of finance for companies, and (b) the inter-
connection between companies. A preliminary study of
S.A. companies is now being made. (b) Miss M. Sutton;
(d) '953-55; (e) 1956.

2728. Rutherford, R. S. G., Dept. Economics, S.U. Fre-
quency Distributions in Economics.
An attempt is being made to explain the distributions
of size of business, farms, incomes, families, etc. New
theoretical distributions are being developed that will
make contributions to micro-economic theory and help
bridge gap between micro- and macro-economics. (b)
Miss G. Kirkland, B.A.; (d) 1950-54; (e) Article to be
published by "Annals of Mathematical Statistics" in
December 1954. Two articles submitted to Econometrica.
Book planned at later date; (f) Paper read to
A.N.Z.A.A.S. Sydney Conference 1952.

2729. Salter, W. E. G., Dept. Economics, U.W.A. The
Measurement of Australian Industrial Production.
A technical study of the problems, with compilation
of a trial index. (a) B.A. (honours), W.A. (Awarded First
Class); (c) Prof. F. R. E. Mauldon; (d) 1952-53; (f) 1954
(Univ. of W.A. Press, Department of Economics Series
A, No. 3).

2730. Soper, C. S. Dept. Economics, A.N.U. The
Development of the Aust. Economy from 1945 to
1950.
(a) Ph.D.; (c) H. P. Brown; (d) 1953-.

2731. Stalley, D. J., Dept. Economics, U.Q'ld. Some
Aspects of Pricing Policies in Queensland
Secondary Industry.
The purpose of the enquiry is to investigate the
nature and structure of Queensland secondary industry,
with a view to testing and/or verifying certain hypo-
theses advanced concerning the theory of the firm. (a)
M. Econ.; (d) 1952-; (e) Some limited publication is
planned. Date of publication indefinite.

ECONOMIC HISTORY
2732. Bailey, J. D., Dept. Economics, A.N.U. Australia
and an Overseas Depression 1870-80.
Economic development in the Australian Colonies
1870-80, with emphasis on cyclical behaviour. Relating
this to overseas behaviour (Britain in particular) in-
volving a study of the balance of payments. (a) M.A.;
(c) N. G. Butlin; (d) 1954-55.


2733. Butlin, N. G., Dept. Economics, A.N.U. (i) Public
Capital Formation in Australia 1860-i9oo.
Detailed estimate of capital outlays from published
and manuscript official returns, business records, etc.
with analysis of investment policy and relation to
economic development. Planned as first part of work to
continue up to date. (c) H. de Meel; (d) 1952-53; (f)
Published June 1954.
(2) Private Capital Formation in Australia, 186o-rgoo.
(b) J. D. Bailey, Mrs R. Inall; (d) 1953-.

2734. Butlin, Prof. S. J., Dept. Economics, S.U. (I)
Economic Section, Official History of Australia
in War of 1939-45.
Project comprises two volumes each of about 200,000
words tracing the evolution of the Australian War
Economy; dividing line between volumes is end 1941.
(b) Miss Joyce Fisher; (d) 1947-, Vol. 1 complete, Vol. II
1956; (e) December 1954.
(2) Evolution of Australian Monetary System.
Scope defined by title. Starting point, beginnings of
Australian settlement; terminal point indefinite. To
1851 completed; 1851-1900 at an advanced stage. (d)
1953; (e) Second volume indeterminate; (f) "Foundations
of the Australian Monetary System 1788-1851", Mel-
bourne University Press, 1953. (See Abstract No. 2539
in No. 16 of this journal).

2735. Cairns, J. F., Dept. Economic History, M.U.
Examination of the Development of Public Policy
in Australia, leading to the Establishment of the
Welfare State.
Tracing public policy and the pressures which give
rise to it in terms of economic and ideological environ-
ment. (a) Ph.D.; (c) Prof. J. A. La Nauze; (d) 1951-55;
(e) 1955.

2736. Dallas, K. M., Dept. Commerce, U.Tas. Com-
mercial Origins of Australian Foundation.
Trade possibilities of Pacific region and mercantilist
rivalry of U.K., U.S.A., France. Analysis of data in
HRA and other contemporary records; (d) 1950-.

2737. Duncan, R., Dept. Economics, U.N.E. A History
of the Northern Territory Pastoral Industry.
(Changed from an "Economic History of the
N.T.")
Based on company records, government files, news-
papers, parliamentary papers, official statistics, etc. An
historical analysis of factors affecting the development
of the N.T. pastoral industry e.g. search for markets,
stock diseases, land legislation, water supply, costs, etc.
(d) 1952-.

2738. Dunsdorfs, Dr E., Dept. Economic History, M.U.
An Economic History of Australia.
To establish the basic pattern of the economic
development of Australia from 1788 onwards. Pre-
dominantly a quantitative approach on the basis of
statistical material. (d) 1952-.

2739. Hall, Dr A. R., Dept. Economics, A.N.U. The
Evolution of the Australian Capital Market.
Primarily concerned with the growth of the institu-
tions making up the capital market. Also involves an
examination of the contemporary organization of the
market. (d) 1951-.

2740. Harris, Dr Merab, Dept. Economics, U.W.A.
The Work of Charles Yelverton O'Connor, the
First Engineer-In-Chief in Western Australia,
189g-1902.








A study in the equipping of an expanding colonial
economy. (d) Early 'thirties, resumed 1952-1955; (e)
1955 or 1956; (f) Article in University Studies in History
and Economics, Vol. I. (1), by the U.W.A.

2741. La Nauze, Prof. J. A., Dept. Economic History,
M.U. History of Tariff Policies in Australia
1788- 908.
An inquiry into (a) the methods and effects of im-
perial control of Australian tariffs in the "colonial"
period (b) the different tariff policies pursued by the
Australian self-governing colonies (c) the establishment
of protection in the early Commonwealth. (d) 1948-.

2742. Sinclair, W. A., Dept. Commerce, M.U. Economic
Recovery in Victoria 1894-99.
An investigation of the course and nature of the
recovery from the depression of the early 'nineties in
Vic. and the causes which underlay it. (a) M. Comm.
(c) Prof. J. A. La Nauze; (d) 1952.

2743. Stoodley, Miss J., Dept. External Studies, Q'ld.U.
Queensland Mining Industry.
Exploitation of Q'ld. mineral resources, and their
effect on economic, social and political development of
Q'ld. (a) M.A.; (c) Prof. G. Greenwood; (d) 1950-55; (f)
J. Stoodley, "The Gold Miner and the Chinese Question.
1873-90". Historical Society Journal, Vol. 4. No. 4., pp.
573-83, December 195i.

EDUCATION
2744. Beresford, H. B., Faculty Education, Qld. U. An
Investigation of the Post School Values of Selected
Aspects of Primary School Studies.
This investigation will consider what use is made
by boys and girls, who leave school at 14 to enter
industry, of certain studies which are a normal part of
the primary school work. The aspects of their work
to be studied will include: spelling, reading, com-
position, English grammar, mechanical arithmetic. (a)
Ph.D.; (c) Prof. F. J. Schonell; (d) 1952-; (e) Will be
published in book form in the Uni. of Queensland
Faculty of Edu. Research Series, by Oliver & Boyd
(London & Edinburgh) in conjunction with the Uni. of
Q'ld. Press.

2745. Brown, C. C. B., School Education, M.U. Factors
Relating to Educational Failure.
A modified form of case study of pupils in a semi-
industrial suburb of Melbourne. It is designed to explore
as many as possible of the factors associated with failure
at school. (a) M. Education; (c) Dr E. R. Wyeth;
(d) 1953-.

2746. Brown, Dr M. S., Dept. Education, S.U. A Follow-
Up Study of 1ooo Children of High Intelligence.
The study traces the academic and vocational careers
of iooo boys of exceptionally high intelligence and
scholastic promise, who began their High School courses
in 1948. The main interest is in the psychological and
sociological factors producing academic "wastage".
Methods used are mainly questionnaires and interviews
of pupils and parents. (b) Miss E. E. Robbins, Mrs Anne
Cullen; (d) 1953-55; (e) Publication early in 1955.

2747. Burge, I. C., Dept. Education, Q'ld.U. The Basic
Physical Skills of Primary School Children.
To set up norms of achievement for boys and girls
between the ages of 9-13 in six different physical traits.
These norms will be used in a follow-up study of a
group of boys and girls from varying socio-economic


conditions to determine growth curves in physical
traits. (a) Ph.D; (c) Prof. F. J. Schonell; (d) March 1951;
(e) Will be published in book form in the Uni. of Q'ld.,
Faculty of Education Research Series, by Oliver & Boyd
(London & Edinburgh) in conjunction with the Uni. of
Q'ld. Press.

2748. Coates, Dr T. H. and Wyeth, Dr E. R., School
Education, M.U. Predictive Value of Matricula-
tion Examinations.
An enquiry into the relationship between examination
results in matriculation examinations and first year
university success. (d) 1953; (e) One section has been
completed. It deals with the careers of special matricu-
lants. The report will primarily be for use within the
University though some headings may be published.

2749. Connell, W. F., Dept. Education, S.U. Sydney
Adolescent Survey.
This survey is an attempt to estimate the extent to
which Australian urban culture affects the development
of adolescents, 13-18 years old. Data from Io,ooo boys
and girls have been collected by a battery of question-
naires, supplemented by personal diary records con-
cerning their interests, habits, attitudes, prejudices and
friendships. (b) Evan P. Francis; (d) 1951-54; (e)
September 1955.

2750. Crane, A. R., Dept. Education, U.N.E. The Con-
tribution of Mr Peter Board to the development
of Education in N.S.W.
An historical investigation into the renaissance of
education in N.S.W. from 1903 to 1912 with special
reference to the part played by Mr P. Board who was
Director of Education for the period. (d) 1951-54; (e)
(Aust. CI. for Ed. Res.) 1954.
2751. Dissanayaka, K. A., School Education, M.U. A
Study in Diagnosis and Treatment of Difficulties
in the Four Processes in Arithmetic.
A detailed case study of 25 subjects, all migrant
children from England and living in an institution in
Victoria. Following careful diagnosis a programme of
remedial education was undertaken. (a) M. Education;
(c) Dr E. R. Wyeth; (d) 1952.

2752. Fogarty, T. P., School Education, M.U. The
Principles and Development of Catholic Educa-
tion in Australia.
An investigation largely historical, into the develop-
ment of (a) the present Cath. school system and (b) the
principles and philosophy behind it. The research traces
in detail the forces in the cultural and social back-
ground of Aust. that gave rise to the existing national
system of education. (a) Ph.D.; (c) Dr E. R. Wyeth;
(d) 1950-55-

2753. French, E. L., School Education, M.U. The
Evolution of the Secondary School Curriculum in
Aust. 1788 to Modern Times.
An historical study dealing with modifications in
traditional grammar school curriculum in England, that
were brought about by the Australian environment
and developments in History; the influence of the Uni.
on the development of curricula is given special con-
sideration. (a) Ph.D.; (c) Dr W. V. Aughterson; (d)
1950-54.

2754. Greenhalgh, J. C., Fac. Education, Q'ld.U. An
Experimental Investigation of the New Primary
School Syllabus in Queensland.
This is a fairly extensive study of the gains in in-








structional matter and in attitude which appear to
arise from the introduction of the 1952 syllabus in the
Queensland Primary Schools, with special emphasis on
the changes in the approach to reading and number
and the value of the new Social Studies course. (a) Ph.D.;
(c) Prof. F. J. Schonell; (d) 1951; (e) Will be published
in book form in the Uni. of Q'ld. Fac. of Education
Research Series, by Oliver & Boyd (London & Edin-
burgh) in conjunction with the Uni. of Q'ld. Press.

2755. Hohne, Dr H. H., Australian Council for Educa-
tional Research, 147 Collins St., Melbourne. The
Prediction of Academic Success in the University
of Melbourne.
Examination of the scholastic careers in the Uni. of
Melbourne of all students entering the Uni. of Melb. in
1943 and 1944. The careers are related to the perfor-
mance of students both in the normal entrance examina-
tion and on a battery of psychological tests. (d) 1943-54;
(e) Final report on Students in Science Faculties expected
December 1954; (f) Report on Arts Faculties completed
and published in 1951.

2756. Hooper, F. C., School Education, M.U. The Point
Puer System at Port Arthur.
An historical study of the educational provisions for
juvenile transportees at Port Puer, Van Dieman's Land
and also on board ship en route to Australia. (a)
M. Education; (c) E. L. French; (d) 1952-.

2757. Hunt, Prof. J. Franklin, School Education, M.U.
Intonation Patterns in Australian Speech.
A Survey covering samples in the capital cities in all
Australian states and rural in W.A. and Vie. It is hoped
by a study of numerous samples of Australian speech
to answer some of the problems about its nature and
State differences. (d) 1953-54; (e) This work is now in the
hands of the Commonwealth Office of Education.

2758. Keats, J. A., Australian Council for Educational
Research, 147 Collins St., Melbourne. A Statistical
Theory of Objective Test Scores.
Empirical and theoretical examination of frequency
distribution of scores in objective tests of intelligence
and school achievement, with a view to developing
more rigorous techniques for assessing status on ability
and achievement. (d) 1950-51; (f) A.C.E.R., October 1951.
(See Abstract No. 2155 in No. 13 of this journal).

2759. McRae, Prof. C. R., Dept. Education, S.U. (1)
Hazards of the Teaching Profession.
The objective was to discover what, in the opinion
of practising teachers, are factors in the teaching
situation militating against mental health. The main
method used was to submit to two groups of evening
students a list of hazards used by Prof. W. C. Kvaraceus
with a group of American teachers attending Summer
School. The Australian students were asked to check
those which they had personally experienced, and, in
addition to list others which did not appear in the
American group. (d) 1951-54; (e) Article to appear in
The Forum of Education, Vol. XIII, No. 2, October 1954.
(2) South East Asian Students in Australian
Universities.
The objective is to discover as much as possible
about S.E. Asian students attending Aust. Universities-
where they came from and why they are here, how far
they are succeeding, and where they fail, the causes of
the failure. Uni. results will be examined in addition,
questionnaires will be used, and personal interviews,
and objective tests. (a) Miss Jeannette Herbrand was
working for B.A. (Hons.) Degree conferred April 1954;


(b) Miss Jeannette Herbrand; (d) April 1953 to Decem-
ber 1953; (e) Miss Herbrand has presented a B.A.
(Hons.) thesis, and sent a brief report to the Common-
wealth Office of Education.

2760. Marles, D. M., Markwell, P. F., Baddiley, T.,
Dept. Education, Q'ld.U. Educational Problems
of New Australian Children.
New Australian children are being tested in the basic
subjects and investigations are being made into their
personal adjustments. Duration of residence in Australia
is taken into consideration and a comparison is made
of the results of these children with those of native-
born Australians. An index of the nature and extent
of educational assimilation is worked out for each child
and marked deviation from a normal progress pattern
is being studied and reasons for failure are being
ascertained. (a) Individual investigations will count
towards B.Ed. degree; (c) Dr N. K. Henderson; (d)
1953-55; (e) Will be published in book form in the
University of Queensland, Faculty of Education Re-
search Series.

2761. Meddleton, I. G. and Shaw, B. A., Faculty Edu-
cation, Q'ld.U. An Investigation into the Educa-
bility of Australian Aborigine Children.
To assess scholastic attainments, special abilities,
temperament and mental attitudes of aborigine children
in the state schools of Q'ld. An analysis is also being
made of their socio-economic conditions. Samples will
be taken of full-blood and half-caste children in
ordinary schools and in Native Settlements with a view
to obtaining information on which a more effective
syllabus and teaching method can be based. (d) 1952;
(e) Will be published in book form in the Uni. of Q'ld.
Fac. of Education Research Series by Oliver & Boyd,
(London & Edinburgh) in conjunction with the Uni.
of Q'ld Press.

2762. Meddleton, I. G., Shaw, B. A., and Popham,
Dulcie, Faculty Education, Q'ld.U. (i) Investiga-
tion into the Oral Vocabulary of the Australian
Labourer.
To compile a basic vocabulary together with common
semantic forms and idioms of the speech of Aust.
Labourers. The material was obtained by shorthand
records made of conversation between labouring men
and women together with sound recordings of interviews.
The half million words so obtained have been classified
for frequency and structural groupings. The material
has already been used in preparing books for teaching
English to foreign migrants. (d) 1951; (e) Will be pub-
lished in book form in the Uni. of Q'ld Fac. of Education
Research Series, by Oliver & Boyd (London &
Edinburgh) in conjunction with the Uni. of Q'ld Press;
(f) Some material has been used by Commonwealth
Office of Education in compiling "English for New-
comers to Australia."
(2) An Investigation into the Incidence of Back-
wardness and Dullness in Queensland Schools.
The aim of this research is to test 1o,ooo Queensland
children stratified (a) State, non-State, (b) city, country,
areas of special influence; and (c) size of school (5
gradings). Backward cases receive the A.C.E.R. Junior
non-verbal to ascertain dullness. This research will
furnish (i) percentage incidence of backwardness and/or
dullness; (ii) Queensland norms for attainment tests.
(d) March 195i; (e) Will be published in book form in
the Uni. of Q'ld Fac. of Education Research Series, by
Oliver & Boyd (London & Edinburgh) in conjunction
with the Uni. of Q'ld Press; (f) The five Schonell attain-
ment tests used have been standardized in I. G. Med-
dleton's dissertation "An Investigation into the Inci-








dence of Backwardness and Dullness in Three Large
Brisbane Schools", and this dissertation is available for
bona fide enquiries.

2763. Olphert, W. B., see Wyeth, Dr E. R., No. 2774.

2764. Olsen, F. J., Faculty Education, Q'ld.U. The
Causes of Failure in University Examinations.
To determine the contribution to the total pattern of
examination failures at university level of factors such
as intelligence, adequacy of prior preparation, persis-
tence, mental stability, situational factors, etc. A case
study will be made of the freshmen population of 1952
of the Uni. of Q'ld in Arts, Science, Engineering,
Medicine and Dentistry and will be made by means
of statistical and actuarial techniques. (a) Ph.D.; (c)
Prof. F. J. Schonell; (d) 1951; (e) Will be published in
book form in the Uni. of Q'ld, Fac. of Education
Research Series, by Oliver & Boyd (London & Edin-
burgh) in conjunction with the Uni. of Q'ld Press.

2765. Popham, Dulcie, See Meddleton, I. G., No. 2762
and Shaw, B. A., No. 2769.

2766. Radford, W. C., Australian Council for Educa-
tional Research, 147 Collins St., Melbourne.
Studies in the Vocabulary of Australian Children.
(a) Speech vocabulary of pre-school children from
different social backgrounds. (b) Written vocabulary of
ten year old children from different social backgrounds.
(c) Growth in vocabulary and oral expression of children
commencing school in 1951. (d) Functional classification
of child speech. (d) 1950-54; (f) Most of the sections
have appeared as mimeographed bulletins. May be con-
solidated and printed later.

2767. Richardson, J. A., Faculty Education, Q'ld.U.
The Relation between Mal-Adjustment and
Failure in School.
To ascertain patterns of factors which are associated
with educational retardation, the main factors being in-
vestigated being educational, physical and the home
environment. Groups of children who are found to be
retarded in one or more of the basic subjects are being
matched on certain criteria such as intelligence, school
background with other children who are not retarded
and the significant differences in respect to various
factors ascertained. (a) Ph.D.; (c) Prof. F. J. Schonell;
(d) 1952; (e) Will be published in book form in the Uni.
of Q'ld Fac. of Education Research Series, by Oliver
& Boyd (London & Edinburgh) in conjunction with
the Uni. of Q'ld Press.

2768. Shaw, B. A., see Meddleton, I. G., Nos. 2761, 2762.

2769. Shaw, B. A., and Popham, Dulcie F., Faculty
Education, Q'ld.U. (i) An Investigation into the
Spoken and Written English of Adult Migrants
to Australia.
The written English of migrants is being measured
by means of letters they are required to write and the
standards reached are measured against median samples
written by a representative sample of Australian work-
ing men and women. The oral English is being
measured by means of tape recordings and marks given
on an objective scale. (d) 1953; (e) Will be published
in book form in the Uni. of Q'ld Faculty of Education
Research Series, by Oliver & Boyd (London & Edin-
burgh) in conjunction with Uni. of Q'ld Press.
(2) Educational Problems of New Australian
Children.
New Australian children are being tested in the


basic subject. Length of period in Australia is taken
into consideration and a comparison is made of the
results of these children with those of native born
Australians. An index of speed of educational assimila-
tion is worked out for each child and marked deviation
from a normal progress pattern is being studied and
reasons for failure are being ascertained. (d) 1953; (e)
Will be published in book form in the Uni. of Q'ld
Faculty of Education Research Series, by Oliver & Boyd
(London & Edinburgh) in conjunction with Uni. of
Q'ld Press.

2770. Trewin, A. H., School Education, M.U. The Dairy
Farmer and Vocational Education.
A survey of the attitudes, needs and interests of
farmers of the Goulburn Valley, Victoria, in relation to
vocational education. (a) M. Education; (c) Dr T. H.
Coates; (d) 1951; (e) It is unlikely that this will be
completed.

2771. Wheeler, Dr D. K., Faculty Education, U.W.A.
Reading Abilities of First Year Students.
Survey during Orientation Week of first year students
using Co-operative Reading Test Form Y. Mean scores
of all students and differences between faculties. Atten-
tion is being paid to scores of East Asian students. (d)
1951.
2772. Wheeler, Mrs J. M., Faculty Education, U.W.A.
Interests and Attitudes of Adolescents at School.
A general survey by means of a 16-page questionnaire
of a stratified sample, based on school population, of
8oo adolescents in first, third and final years of all
types of secondary schools in W.A.

2773. Wyeth, Dr E. R., School Education, M.U. (i)
A History of Education in Queensland.
A historical study of developments from 1824-1953.
(d) 1953-54; (e) Will be published in book form by the
Australian Council for Educational Research. Expected
date of publication, late in 1954.
(2) Listening Habits and Interests of Adolescents
Associated with Radio Programmes.
A longitudinal study commenced with 800 twelve year
old pupils. They will be questioned at yearly intervals
in an endeavour to learn what changes, if any, take
place in habits and interests. (d) 1952-56.

2774. Wyeth, Dr E. R., and Olphert, W. B., School Edu-
cation, M.U. Prediction of Teaching Success.
Partly correlational, partly causal-comparative study
designed to discover a battery of tests suitable for use
in predicting later teaching success or failure at matricu-
lation level. Deals with students training to become
secondary teachers. (d) 1950; (e) Initial results available,
August 1953; (f) "Best and Worst Teachers" The Educa-
tional Magazine, Vol. X. November 1953 pp. 452-5. (only
a minor part of the study).
2775. Wyeth, Dr E. R., see Coates, Dr T. H., No. 2748.

GEOGRAPHY
2776. Bauer, F. H., Dept. Geography, A.N.U. Kangaroo
Island: A Regional Survey.
Full-scale survey of the physical, historical, and
human geography of Kangaroo Island (S.A.) an area
of great interest on all these counts. The study will
include an analysis of recent development work on the
island. (a) Ph.D; (c) Prof. O. H. K. Spate, J. N. Jennings;
(d) 1952-55; (f) Article: "Government Land Develop-
ment on Kangaroo Island, S.A." F. H. Bauer. Proc. Royal
Geographical Soc. S.A. Vol. 53, 1951-52, pp. 1-18.








2777. Gentilli, Dr J., Dept. Economics, U.W.A.
Geographical Study of Population of Australia.
Study of natural resources and human settlement
in selected regions, for estimation of "rural population
potential" of Australia. (d) 1948-52.

2778. Gilding, G. F. (Miss), Dept. Geography, U.A.
Settlement of Hahndorf.
Urban Study of development of settlement in the
Hahndorf area, Adelaide Hills. (a) B.A. (Honours)
degree; (c) G. H. Lawton and Dr A. G. Price; (d) 1953;
(e) Will not be published.

2779. Greenwood, R. H., Dept. Geography, Qld.U.
Study of Space and Functional Relationships
between the Cities and Townships of S.E. Queens-
land and their immediate hinterlands.
Survey of the pattern of land use, the nature and
location of processing industries and transport facilities,
the space relation of production and consumption of
primary and secondary commodities and the functions
which cities and towns perform for their hinterlands.
(d) I95I-.

2780. King, H. W., Dept. Geography, A.N.U. Some
Aspects of Urban Geography in S.E. Australia.
The project will include an analysis of all settlement
other than homesteads in arbitrary areas Yass, Goul-
burn, Braidwood, Cooma with select towns outside this
area. Emphasis on urban growth and functional mor-
phology. (a) Ph.D.; (c) Prof. 0. H. K. Spate; (d) 1952; (f)
"The Canberra Queanbeyan Symbiosis, A study of Urban
Mutualism" Geographical Review, Vol. XLIV, No. i,
1954, p. 1oi-x8. "Country Shire and Town in N.S.W.",
Aust. Geographer, Vol. 6, No. 3., May 1954. p. 14-25.
"Canberra Grows Up", This Changing World Series,
Geography, Vol. 39, No. 184, April 1954, p. 142-43.
Canberra; A Nation's Capital, Ed. H. L. White,
A.N.Z.A.A.S. 1954. Chap. ii, Rural Activities in A.C.T.
p. 196-208. (See Abstract No. 2623 in No. 16 of this
journal).

2781. Langford-Smith, T. W., Dept. Geography, A.N.U.
The Murrumbidgee: A Study of Regional
Development.
Survey of physical setting and historical development
of the Murrumbidgee area, with special reference to
irrigation. The study should lead to some conclusions
on future development. (a) Ph.D.; (c) Prof. O. H. K.
Spate; (d) 1953.

2782. Lawton, G. H., Dept. Geography, U.A. Regional
Survey of Hundred of Kuitpo in Adelaide Hills,
S.A.
Study of natural resources and human settlement in
the area as a basis for an evaluation of "potential land
development." (b) Mrs T. J. Marshall, Dr A. G. Price, Mr
B. Mason, Mr R. Hefford, Mrs F. Bauer; (d) 1953-54; (e)
Will be summarized in one or two articles. Expected
date of publication, late 1954.

2783. Mountford, C. P., National Geographic Society,
Commonwealth Govt. 25 First Avenue, St. Peters,
S.A. The National Geographic Commonwealth
and Smithsonian Expedition to Arnhem Land.
The object of the expedition was to study the
ethnology and natural history of Arnhem Land in three
different environments, an island (Groote Eylandt), a sea
coast (Yirrkalla), and inland, among the fresh water
swamps (Oenpelli). (c) C. P. Mountford (specializing on
art, myth, and symbo'ism of aborigines.) F. Satzler,
F. McCarth (anthropologists), D. Johnson (mammalo-


gist), R. Miller (ichthyologist), H. Deignan (ornitholo-
ist), B. Billington (medical research), M. McArthur
nutritionist), K. Hodges (biochemist), R. Specht (botan-
ist). (d) 1948; (e) The scientific results of the expedition
are being published by the M.U.P. under Common-
wealth subsidy. The first volume by Mountford, on the
art, myth and symbolism of the aborigines in Arnhem
Land is in press, and other papers are nearly complete.

2784. Price, Dr A. G., Royal Geographical Society, S.A.
Lake Eyre Sub-Committee, Chairman A. G. Price.
Historical Geography and Problems of Lake Eyre
Basin.
An examination of the rainfall which caused the
recent and other more remote floods; the areas flooded;
the contents and evaporation of the waters and the
effect, if any, on artesian waters on the basin. (c) A. G.
Price, Chairman, B. Mason, C. W. Bonython, F. C.
Martin; (d) 1951-54; (e) Details to be published in Pro-
ceedings Royal Geographical Soc. S.A. Expected date of
publication, late 1954 or early 1955; (f) C. W. Bonython
and B. Mason have published some results in Journal
British Royal Geographical Society.

2785. Rose, A. J., Dept. Geography, U.N.E. Contrasts
on either side of the Queensland-N.S.W. border.
Field examination of cultural patterns on either side
of border and investigation of historical and present
significance of the border in terms of economic patterns
and land use. (d) 1951-53.
2786. Spate, Prof. 0. H. K., Dept. Geography, A.N.U.
Evolution of the Australian Cultural Landscape.
(d) Long-term study.
2787. Thorpe, E. W., Dept. Geography, U.N.E. Survey
of Flood Damage in Macleay River Valley, N.S.W.
Study of past floods in the Macleay Valley from point
of view of causes characteristics and attendant damages
and losses. Analysis of the latter two items aims to
show both the conditions under which losses are signifi-
cant and the critical losses important in the designing
of control measures and planning of human use of the
flood plains. (b) N. D. Lewins; (d) 1952-54; (e) Interim
report published March 1953. Full results will be
presented late 1954. Full report to be published 1955;
(f) Interim report March 1953 New England University
College (Cyclostyled for limited circulation).

2788. Tweedie, A. D., Dept. Geography, Q'ld.U. An
Investigation into Drought Conditions in Tropical
Australia.
Part I. An investigation into the regional and seasonal
incidence of moisture problems in Tropical Aust. by the
used of modified Thornthwaite evapotranspirometers.
Part II. Undertaken concurrently Field investigation
into the regional significance of drought in terms of
agricultural activity and the incidence of bush fires.
(d) 1952-57; (e) 1958.

2789. Wilson, R. K., Dept. Geography, A.N.U. Classifica-
tion of Land Use in Victoria.
Study of existing land use distribution and its
classification in Victoria, with a view to work out a
classification more applicable to Australian conditions
than the standard ones, which are mainly American in
origin. (a) Ph.D.; (c) Prof. O. H. K. Spate; (d) 1952.

HISTORY-GENERAL
2790. Adam, Leonhard, Dept. History, M.U. (i) The
Aboriginal Stone Industries of Australia and
Adjacent Areas.








(a) Prehistoric archaeological and technological ex-
amination of recently discovered aboriginal stone in-
dustries in the Kimberleys. (b) ditto examination and
interpretation of stone-implement types discovered by
R. M. Berndt in the East Central Highlands of New
Guinea. (d) 1952-; (f) L. Adam, Mankind, May 1953
"Discovery of the Quadrangular Adse Head".
(2) Arts of Primitive Peoples.
a) Oceania (Melanesia, Polynesia, Micronesia; (b)
the Continent of Australia.
A survey of the art styles of Oceania, descriptive,
with illustrations and analytical with a tentative outline
of their history in the light of Oceanian ethnology
generally. Part of the "Pelican History of Art" (Editor:
Prof. Pevsner, Cambridge). (d) 1950-54; (e) The com-
pleted ms. "Oceania" with some 400 type pp. being too
large for publication, an abbreviated version will be
published; planned for 1956.
(3) Primitive Art.
A comprehensive survey of primitive art from the
earliest time onwards including the arts of primitive
people all over the world. The Australian section-among
others-has been overhauled and enlarged. (f) "Primitive
Art" (Pelican Series No. A 67), third revised and en-
larged edition, Harmondsworth, 1954.

2791. Alexander, Prof. F., Crowley, F. K. and Legge,
J. D., Dept. History, U.W.A. An Investigation into
the Origin of the W.A. Goldfields Water Supply
Scheme.
To enquire into and report: (i) Who was responsible
for placing before Sir John Forrest the plan for pump-
ing water to the goldfields by the method of pumping
which was adopted in the Coolgardie Goldfields water
supply scheme? (ii) Who was chiefly responsible for
persuading Sir John Forrest that the method adopted
was practical and that it was within the financial means
of the State. (d) 1952-; (e) by U.W.A. Press, September
1954.
2792. Bate, W. A., Dept. History, M.U. History of
Brighton, Vic.
An investigation dealing with the first twenty years
of settlement, 1841-59. It is to be mainly a social history
having for its skeleton the three main periods of muni-
cipal development, borough, town, city. (c) Assoc. Prof.
K. E. Fitzpatrick; (d) 1953-; (e) Possibly to be published
by the Brighton City Council.

2793. Blainey, Geoffrey. Dept. History, M.U. The
History of Mt. Lyell Company.
It covers the social and economic history of the Mt.
Lyell mining field, and broadly the history of the west
coast from about the 1870's to 1954. Based on private
records of M.L.C. and liquidated mining cos.-as well
as newspapers, parliamentary papers and usual public
records. (a) M.A., (d) 1951-53. (e) in publisher's hands
now-Melb. Univ. Press 1955.

2794. Bolton, G. C., Dept. History, U.W.A. History of
the Kimberley Pastoral Industry.
(a) M.A.; (c) Dr F. K. Crowley; (d) 1952-53; (e)
Abridged, in University of W.A. Studies in History and
Economics, Vol. II, No. 2, 1954.

2795. Burns, A. L., Dept. History, M.U. Historical
Relations between Biblical Criticism and the
Development of Historical Method.
The writer advances a general theory of epistemology
and logic in respect to historical investigation, then
proceeds to an historical survey of Biblical and especially
New Testament criticism, together with a parallel survey


of theories of historical method, in order to trace out
the relations between the two. (a) Ph.D.; (c) J. L. O'Brien;
(d) 195-; (f) A. L. Burns, Historical Studies Aust. &
N.Z. Vol. 4, No. 16, May 1951, "Ascertainment, Proba-
bility and Evidence in History." (See Abstract No.
2036 in No. 12 of this journal).

2796. Christesen Nina. Dept. History, M.U. Gogol's
Dead Souls, Studied in the Light of Other Russian
Sources.
An attempt to Recreate a picture of provincial life in
Russia of 1830 and 40's on the basis of Dead Souls, test-
ing this picture against evidence by historians, other
writers and contemporary publicists. (a) M.A. (c) J. L.
O'Brien; (d) completed by end of 1955.

2797. Clark, C. M. H., Dept. History, C.U.C. Select
Documents in Australian History 9o01-1950.
To select documents to illustrate the economic,
political and social history of Australia between 1901
and 1950 for use by students in history. (b) Mis A. G.
Thomson; (d) 1951-.

2798. Crawford, Prof. R. M., Dept. History, M.U.
Camden Harbour 1864-65.
A study of an abortive attempt to settle an area in
the Kimberleys, W.A., from Vic. Though small in itself,
this incident raises several issues of importance in the
history of land settlement in Aust. (b) Miss M. Kiddle;
(d) 1948-; (e) To be published as a short monograph.

2799. Crawford, Prof. R. M., Dept. History, and La
Nauze, Prof. J. A., Dept. Econ. History, M.U.
The Papers of Alfred Deakin.
The aim of the project is to collect and edit the
papers of Alfred Deakin and to write such studies as
the work of editing may suggest. (b) Miss M. Kiddie,
Miss J. Young; (d) 1951-; (f) J. A. La Nauze, "The
Chariot Wheels of the Central Government." Economic
Record, November 1952. (See Abstract No. 2397 in No.
15 of this journal).

2800. Crowley, Dr F. K., Dept. History, U.W.A. (I)
The Records of W.A.
A classified list of the principal documents and pub-
lications relating to W. A., compiled for the use of
research workers in W.A. from the collections in the
Archives, the Public Library, the Parliamentary
Library, the University Library, the Benedictine Abbey
New Norcia, several Government Departments, from
the Library of the Historical Society, from private collec-
tions and from various other sources. (d) 1952-53; (f)The
Records of Western Australia, Vol. I (Publications of
U.W.A. Perth 1953).
(2) Preparation of volume of documents of Western
Australian History.
(d) 1953-54-
2801. Curry, N. G. Dept. History, M.U. Study of the
Development of the Church of England in Vic-
toria, with Special Attention to the Years of the
Depression.
By study of Diocesan and parish records, contem-
porary newspapers to estimate what effects the two de-
pressions had on church development, the attitude
church leaders adopted to depression and any effect
on support of church by working class. (a) M.A. (c)
J. Gregory. (d) 1952-55.

2802. Dalton, B. J., Dept. History, U.N.E. The Governor-
ship in New Zealand under Responsible Govern-
ment.








Covers period from 1856 to about 900o. Is concerned
with evolution of the governor's constitutional powers.
Working from official sources, published and unpub-
lished and private papers, mostly unpublished.

2803. Diamond, I., Dept. History, U.A. Problems in
the S.A. Company's Settlement of Kangaroo
Island.
Examination of the economic activities of the S.A.
Co. on K.I. and of social problems connected with the
settlement at Kingscote from 1836 to about 1845, after
the Company's decision to abandon the attempt to
develop the station. (a) M.A.; (c) D. Pike; (d) 1951-54.

2804. Ebbels, R. N. Dept. History, M.U. Documentation
of the Australian Labor Movement 1851-1907.
A collection of documents illustrating the development
of the Australian Labor Movement determining
influence; trade union development; strike struggles,
rise of Labor Parties, political objectives, socialist
influences, etc. Introduction and annotations. (c) L.
Churchward, R. N. Ebbels died in 1952; (b) Work
continuing on co-operative basis by Dr R. Gollan, Dr A.
McBriar, Messrs R. F. Ericksen, I. H. Turner, June
Philipp; (d)1949-55.

2805. Fitzhardinge, L. F., Dept. History, A.N.U. (1)
Bibliography of Federalism in Australia.
An annotated list of official publications, books and
pamphlets, select articles, and parliamentary debates on
the planning of federation in Australia prior to 190o,
and its working since. (d) 1951-.
(2) Survey of Manuscript Sources in Australian
Collections.
To record and describe the MS materials for Aus-
tralian history in Australia. It is hoped to enlist the
co-operation of scholars in each of the States for the
description of holdings in their own centres. The first
stage will be to work out descriptive techniques through
experimental listings of parts of the holdings of the
Commonwealth National Library and Archives, and the
preparation of short "Reconnaissances" on material on
particular subjects which is distributed over several
repositories. (d) 1952-; (f) "Writings on Australian
History, 1952," Historical Studies, Vol. 5, No. 20, p. 402,
1953-
(3) Life of the Rt. Hon. W. M. Hughes.
Based on the papers of the late Mr Hughes, together
with other contemporary material. (b) C. Kiernan;
(d) 1953--

2806. Ford, F. Dept. History, M.U. An Ethical Study
in the Period surrounding the English Civil War,
with particular Reference to the Actions and
Motives of some Religious Groups.
Nature of moral judgments, plus economic and social
policy of government of Charles I. and view of church
on same. Philosophical examination of selected historical
material. (a) M.A. (c) Mr J. Main for History School,
Mr A. Burns for Philosophy School; (d) 1953-57.

2807. Fry, E. C., Dept. History, A.N.U. The Condition
of the Urban Wage Earning Classes in Australia
in the i88o's.
An attempt, through the study of evidence given by
Royal Commissions in the various states, statistical
material on money and real wages, and other sources,
to establish the working condition standards of living
and social attitudes of the working classes immediately
prior to the great strikes of the '90's. (a) Ph.D.; (c)
L. F. Fitzhardinge; (d) 1952-.


2808. Getzler, I., Dept. History, M.U. The Struggle of
the Jewish Communities in Australia for Equal
Religious Rights (1843-72), In the 'Forties and
'Fifties.
(a) M.A.; (d) 1953-55.

2809. Gollan, Robin, Dept. History, A.N.U. The
Relations between the Industrial and Political
Sections of the Australian Labor Movement since
1890.
An historical examination tracing (i) institutional
relationships (2) the development of policy-trade union
and political and the inter-relationship (3) the place of
individuals who play a part in the movement as trade
unionists, politicians or both. The method is historical,
beginning with two key unions. (d) 1953-; (e) A
chapter of the thesis is to be published in Historical
Studies.

281o. Greenwood, Prof. G., Dept. History, Q'ld.U. (i)
Australia-A Political and Social History.
A general history of the development of Australia
from the time of the first settlement, with special
attention to the inclusion of the findings of recent
research. (b) The work includes chapter by F. K.
Crowley, R. Gollan, R. M. Hartwell, I. D. McNaughtan,
P. H. Partridge, Miss H. J. Curtis, assisting; (d) 1951-53;
(e) The intention is to hand over the complete work to
the publishers Angus & Robertson about mid 1953.
Expected date of publication, December 1954.
(2) Development of Australian Foreign Policy.
An examination of Australian attitudes to external
issues, especially since Federation, including also an
analysis of group and party attitudes and the forces
shaping policy. (d) 1956; (f) Material has been used in
several articles, e.g.. Pacific Affairs, Vol. 23, No. 2, June
195o. "Australian Attitudes towards Pacific Problems."
(See Abstract No. 1851 in No. ii of this journal).
(3) Documents on Australian Foreign Policy.
The aim is to produce a collection of documents in
association with the general survey of Australian
Foreign Policy. (e) 1956 or later.

2811. Greenwood, Prof. G., Neale, R. G. and Morrison,
A. A., Dept. History, Q'ld.U. History of the
Development of Queensland (ed. G. Greenwood).
A general survey history of the main trends in the
development of the state, covering economic and social
as well as political development. (b) Miss M. G. Birrell
replacing Miss W. Cowin; (d) 1950-57; (e) On completion;
(f) R. G. Neale, "The New State Movement in Queens-
land", Historical Studies Aust. & N.Z. Vol. 4, No. I5,
November 1950. (See Abstract No. 1907 in No. ii of
this journal). A. A. Morrison, "The Brisbane General
Strike of 1912", History Studies Aust. & N.Z. Vol. 4,
No. 14, May 1950. (See Abstract No. 1704 in No. To
of this journal). A. A. Morrison, "The Town 'Liberal'
and the Squatter (to 1880)" Journal of the Historical Soc.
of Q'ld. Inc. Vol. 4, No. 5, December 1952. A. A. Morri-
son, "Mititant Labour in Q'ld. 1912-27" Journal of the
Royal Aust. Hist. Soc. Vol. XXXVIII, Part V, November
1952. (See Abstract No. 2465 in No. 15 of this journal).

2812. Grimshaw, C. Dept. External Studies, Q'ld.U. The
History of the Australian Workers Union.
Origins and development of the A.W.U., the sources
of its industrial and political power; an examination of
the relations between the A.W.U. and the Parliamentary
Labor Party. An enquiry based on original source
material and personal interviews. (a) Ph.D.; (c) Prof.
G. Greenwood; (d) 1953-58.








(2) Australian Nationalism and Australian Attitudes
to Britain and the Commonwealth.
Attitudes of leading individuals, groups and public
opinion in Australia towards the British Common-
wealth with emphasis on the period since Federation.
Standard methods of historical research from original
source material and political science and psychological
methods for determining the form and strength of
public opinion. (a) M.A.; (c) Prof. Greenwood; (d)
1951-55; (e) This work will contribute a chapter to a
publication to be edited by Prof. G. Greenwood entitled
tentatively "Australian Attitudes to the Commonwealth."

2813. Groves, M. C., Dept History, M.U. Urbanization
of Hanuabada (Papua).
To examine the effects of the growth of the European
administrative and economic capital of Port Moresby
on native social life in an adjacent village. (a) M.A.;
(c) Dr A. M. McBriar; (d) 1951-54; (e) Some material
from thesis to be published in Journal Royal Anthro-
pology Inst. as article entitled "Dancing in Poreporena",
late 1954.

2814. Harper, N. D., Dept. History, M.U. (i) Australia's
Attitude to United Nations.
An attempt to examine the attitude of the Australian
people and government to the United Nations and to
world organization from the signature of the Charter
in 1945, and to determine Australian views on the
question of Charter revision. (b) Mr D. Sissons (Joint
project); (d) 1953-September 1957; (e) By Carnegie
Endowment for International Peace. Expected date of
publication 1955.
(2) Turner's Frontier Hypothesis as Applied to
Australia.
An attempt to examine the processes of land settle-
ment in Australia, and the development of Australian
institutions in the light of the Turnerian hypothesis to
determine the validity of the general hypothesis. (d)
1952-.

2815. Higgins, E. M. Dept. History, M.U. Three
Episodes in the History of the Queensland Labour
Governments, 1915-1929.
A study of the 1920 Labour negotiations, the 1922-27
clash between trade unions and Governments over the
basic wage and the standard working week, and the 1927
railway strike, in a search for explanations of the loss
of working-class support for the Labour Party in the
1929 general elections: set in a framework of considera-
tion of some general problems of social democracy.
Based primarily on the newspapers. (a) M.A. (c) Dr G.
Serle. (d) 1952-54.


2816. Hunt, I. L., Dept. History, U.W.A. Group
Settlement in Western Australia 1921-28.
(a) M.A.; (c) Dr F. K. Crowley; (d) 1949-54.

2817. Inglis, K. S., Dept. History, M.U. The Royal
Melbourne Hospital.
To write the history of the hospital as an institution
for healing, for research, and for education; to analyse
its place in the charity system, and to discuss the extent
to which it has become a state social service. (a) M.A.;
(c) Prof. R. M. Crawford; (d) 1952; (e) To be published
as a book.

2818. Inglis Moore, T., Pacific Studies Dept., C.U.C.
Australian Mirror: A Social Study of Australian
Literature.
Introductory study of Aust. society and national


characteristics, followed by study of the expression
of these national characteristics and traditions in
the national literature. General character is sociological.
Historical for first part, descriptive and analytical for the
second. (a) Litt.D., Melbourne University; (d) 1951-55;
(e) Late 1955 or some time in 1956.

2819. Jacobs, Marjorie, Dept. History, S.U. Survey of
Public Archives of N.S.W. up to 1856.
The aim of this enquiry is to determine the range
and scope of the government records either deposited in
the Mitchell Library or still held by the government
departments. Administration herein is emphasised in
order to determine the changing function of the depart-
ments and the original scope of these records. A guide
to the archives, including a history of the administra-
tion up to 1856 is intended. (b) Alice H. King; (d) 1952-.

2820. Joyce, R. B., Dept. History, Q'ld.U. Administration
of British New Guinea.
Before 1906. Material used in Public Records office,
London, and Missionary Libraries. Material not used
available in Canberra National Library. (d) 1950-,
[English material completed for M.Litt., Contab., 1953.
Australian material will be completed by 1955]; (e) 1955.

2821. Kiddle, Miss M. L., Dept. History, M.U. A Social
History of the Victorian Western District 1835-90.
This book will be description and story of the home-
stead and district life as it developed-various economic
and social factors will be considered and discussed.
Sources: Collections of family papers, station records,
files of contemporary newspapers, parliamentary papers.
(d) 1950-.
2822. Klestadt, E., Dept. History, S.U. Japanese Foreign
Policy 1914-21.
(a) M.A.; (c) Prof. J. M. Ward; (d) 1953-.

2823. La Nauze, Prof. J. A., See Crawford, Prof. R. M.,
No. 2799.

2824. Mackirdy, K. A., Dept. History, A.N.U. Effect
of Sectionalism Development on Australian and
Canadian National self-consciousness.
Covers period from dates of federation until 1939.
Newspapers, political ephemera, parliamentary debates,
and government papers dealing with federal relations
examined with view to appraising the changing atti-
tude prevailing in the various sections of Canada and
Australia toward the two central governments. (d)
1947-53; (f) "Geography and Federalism in Aust. and
Canada", Australian Geographer, Vol. 6, No. 2, p. 38
(1953); "Australians, Canadians, and the United States
Border," Australian Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. I, p. 61
(1953), "Dominions History and the Comparative
Method", Historical Studies, Vol. 5, No. 20, p. 379 (see
Abstract No. 2639 in No. 16 of this journal).

2825. Martin, A. W., Dept. History, A.N.U. Political
Groupings and their Motivations in N.S.W.
1872-94.
A study by means of Parliamentary Debates, news-
papers and other contemporary material of the forms
of political groupings and the evolution of party
structure in the period. (a) Ph.D.; (c) L. F. Fitzhardinge;
(f) "Economic Influences in the "New Federation
Movement" Historical Studies Vol. 6, No. 21, p. 64.

2826. Miles, J. G. Dept. History. M.U. The Governorship
of Hotham, 1853-5.
Summary of Hotham's activities in Victoria during








1853-55, with particular reference to the Ballarat gold-
fields finance, the new Construction, the Foster Case:
Examination of Chief Secretary's correspondence, dis-
patches between Victorian Governor and the Secretary
of State for the Colonies, newspapers of time, etc. Mainly
from primary sources, evaluation of type of man and
type of government. (a) M.A. (c) Dr A. G. Serle. (d)
1853-54-

2827. Morrison, A. A., See Greenwood, Prof. G. No.
2805.

2828. Neal, J. R. Dept. History, M.U. N.S.W. Politics
about 189g, with special Reference to the Part
played by the new Labour Party and all those in
Parliament who were in any way associated with
it.
Short survey of Trade Union Congresses 1879-91 and
of new trends in unionism, the setting up of Labour
Electoral Leagues, the entry of Labour politicians into
N.S.W. Parliament and their work 1891-94. (a) M.A. (c)
Mrs Philipp. (d) Feb. 1952-Feb. 1953.

2829. Neale, R. G., Dept. History, Q'ld.U. (i) Australian
Attitudes to United States-British Common-
wealth Relations, and to British Policies in Asia.
An examination of the inter-relation between Aus-
tralian interests and attitudes to (i) Commonwealth
(2) British policies in Asia. (d) '95I-; (e) This work will
contribute two chapters to a publication under the
editorship of Prof. G. Greenwood, entitled tentatively
"Australian Attitudes to the Commonwealth."
(2) British American Relations in the Far East ....
Originally 1844-98. To be extended as opportunity
occurs. Based upon work in the British and United
States archives during 1951. (a) M.A., Melbourne 1954;
(d) 195o-; (f) An article "British American Relations
during the Spanish American War: Some Problems",
Historical Studies Australia & N.Z. Vol. 6, No. 21,
November 1953.
(3) The Economic and Social Development of Queens-
land. 1900-39.
An examination of basic Queensland industries, and
their relation to social development. A special examina-
tion of the inter-relation of Federal and State policies
in this process. (d) 1950-55; (e) This work will contribute
to a "History of Queensland" to be written under the
direction of Prof. G. Greenwood; (f) R. G. Neale, "The
New State Movement in Queensland", Historical Studies,
Aust. & N.Z. Vol. 4, No. 15, 1950. (See Abstract No. 1907
in No. I of this journal. R. G. Neale, "New States Move-
ments", The Australian Quarterly Vol. XXII, No. 3,
September 195o.

2830. Neale, R. G., See Greenwood, Prof. G., No.
2811.
2831. Nettl, Lotte, Dept. History, M.U. Presuppositions
in Historiography.
A discussion of whether presuppositions are primarily
of interest to the historian leads to the question of
interdependence of history and the sciences. (d) 1951-.

2832. Ovenden, Marjory (Mrs) Dept History, M.U.
History of the Victorian Socialist Party.
A study of the rise of the party; the history of its
years of existence; its organization and activities, an
assessment of its general political influence during
its existence and subsequently. (a) M.A. (d) 1951-

2833. Philipp, June, Dept. History, M.U. A History of
Trade Unionism in N.S.W. & Victoria 1870-9o.


A study of the development and structure of unionism
in the years indicated with a general introduction
covering the period 1851-70. (a) M.A.; (c) Dr A. M.
McBriar; (d) 1947-; (f) J. Philipp, "The Turning Point
in Labor History?" Historical Studies, Aust. & N.Z.
Vol. 4, No. 14, May 1950. pp. 145-54. (See Abstract
No. 1705 in No. io of this journal).

2384. Pike, D. H., Dept. History, U.W.A.. Civil and
Religous Liberty in the Foundation and Settle-
ment of S.A.
An examination of the views and attitudes of the
founders and the way in which they were applied and
modified in the new colony. Source material-original
MSS., diaries and correspondence, printed sources, offi-
cial and contemporary, press; (d) 1948-56.

2835. Rawson, D. W., Dept. History, M.U. Organization
of the Australian Labor Party, 1916-41.
The history of the A.L.P. over this period with
attention concentrated on the way the party functioned
and how various pressure groups made their demands
felt rather than on changes in policy for their own sake.
(a) Ph.D.; (c) Dr A. McBriar; (d) 1951-54.

2836. Rawson, Mrs Jacqueline, Dept. History, M.U.
History of the Australian Paper Making Industry.
Historical account of paper making in Australia,
1818-1951. (a) M.A.; (c) Mrs J. Philipp; (d) 1952-53.

2837. Reid, R. L., Dept. History, U.A. An Examina-
tion of the Effects of Federation in South Aus-
tralia.
To examine South Australian Problems arising from
Federation; the part played by South Australians in the
solution of these problems and to show more generally
that S.A. politicians were already assuming the leader-
ship in the small states' struggle to maintain their rights.
It covers the period 1901-10. The sources used have been
parliamentary reports, pamphlets, contemporary news-
papers, and private and official mss. (a) M.A.; (c) D. H.
Pike; (d) 1953-54.

2838. Richmond, Mary B., Dept. History, U.Tas. British
Colonial Policy Relating to Immigration and
Transportation to Tasmania, 1824-56.
The project consists of an examination of the prin-
ciples and practice of transportation, and rests largely
on original source material in the State Archives, Hobart.
(a) M.A., (c) Prof. C. S. King; (d) 1952-.

2839. Ritchie, Joan, Dept. History, M.U. Study of C. J.
Latrobe, 1839-50.
(i) Examination of the sort of society in which C. J.
Latrobe carried on his administration, and formation
of an adequate judgment on his work as a colonial
governor. This involves some biographical study and an
attempt to find where previous accounts were incom-
plete or inadequate. (2) Examination of contemporary
documents, newspapers, letters, accounts, study of atti-
tudes, class or regional feeling, sectional development.
(a) M.A.; (c) M. Kiddle, Dr Serle. (d) May 1953-December
1954.

2840. Robson, L. L., Dept. History, U.Tas. Politics,
Press and Parliament in Tasmania, 1856-78.
An examination of the newspapers and periodicals of
the period, special attention being given to election
issues and elections, with a view to gauging public
opinion and political changes in the first 2o-odd years
of responsible government. (a) M.A.; (c) Prof. C. S. King,
W. A. Townsley; (d) 1953--








2841. Roe, O. M., Dept. History, M.U. New South
Wales Under Governor King.
(a) M.A.; (c) A. G. Serle; (d) 1952-.

2842. Saffin, N. W. Dept. History, M.U. French Positiv-
ism, its Antecedents and its Effects on the
Practice of French Historiography.
Positivism as manifestation of bourgeois society. Be-
ginnings in Renaissance times, the Enlightenment,
Nineteenth Century frame-to pre-logical Positivism.
Set Comte-Positivism against economic, cultural and
political background. Examination of primary sources,
historical and philosophical. (a) M.A. (c) Mr A. L. Burns
(d) April 1953-April 1954.

2843. Serle, A. G., Dept. History, M.U. (i) Location of
Historical Records in Victoria.
(i) Establish a registry of historical material in
private possession in Vic. (ii) Search for private papers,
etc. of important men in Vic. history. (iii) Survey of
local records in Vic. (iv) Found, or establish contact
with, local historical societies. (b) J. L. O'Brien, M.
Kiddle, O. M. Roe; (d) 1953-.
(2) Social History of Melbourne.
Collection of material relating to the social history of
Melbourne; Public utilities, transport, buildings, amuse-
ment, fashions, etc. (e) To be published as an anthology.
(3) Great Britain and Australia, 1919-39.
A contribution to the study of the British Common-
wealth, a study in public opinion; political, economic,
social, and cultural relations between Great Britain and
Australia between the wars; special study of migration.
(d) 1947-.
2844. Shaw, A. G. L. Dept. History, S.U. History of
Transportation of Convicts to Australia.
An enquiry into the purpose of transportation, the
system of administration, its efficiency as a reformatory
or deterrent punishment and its effects on Australian
development. (d) 1950-; (f) A. G. L. Shaw, "The British
Criminal and Transportation", Tas. Historical Research
Assoc. Pap. & Proceedings, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 29-33.

2845. Tapp, E. J. Dept. History, U.N.E. The History
of the Relations Between Australia and New
Zealand.
After having worked in libraries in both Australia
and N.Z., now at work in London in the British Museum
and the Public Records office on the period up to 184o.
(d) 1948-54; (e) 1955.

2846. Thomson, Ailsa. Dept. History, M.U. The Bulletin
and Australian Nationalism.
(a) M.A. (c) Prof. Fitzpatrick 1949-50, Prof. Clark
1950-53 (d) 1949-53. (f) Chapter published in "Historical
Studies".

2847. Townsley, W. A. Dept. History, U.Tas. History
of Tasmania, 1856-i901.
The project consists of a general survey of the develop-
ment of the colony of Tasmania from the establishment
of responsible government in 1856 to the Federation of
the Australian colonies in 1901. (b) L. L. Robson; (d)
'953-; (e) 1957.
2848. Wadham, E. J., Dept. History, U.A. The Political
Career of Charles Cameron Kingston.
This thesis attempts to investigate Kingston's liberal-
ism and its effects on the politics of the day together
with an examination of his contribution to the work of
federation. It covers the period 1880-1900. Source


material-original mss., parliamentary debates, offi-
cial and contemporary papers. (a) M.A.; (c) D. H.
Pike; (d) 1953-54.

2849. Walker, R. B. Dept. History, U.N.E. The Pas-
toral Industry in the Pastoral District of New
England from 1862-1900.
It is concerned particularly with the tenurial basis of
pastoral development, and more generally with the
social and economic condition of the pastoralists. (a)
M.A.; (c) Prof. J. M. Ward; (d) 1953-55.

2850. Ward, Prof. J. M., Dept. History, S.U. Early
Federation Movement in Australia.
Character and reception of early proposals for the
federation of the Australian colonies (d) 1947-; (e) Pub-
lication of book, 1954; (f) J. M. Ward, "The Germ of
Federation in Australia." Historical Studies of Aust. &
N.Z., Vol. 4, No. 15, pp. 214-23 (see Abstract No. 19o5
in No. ii of this journal). J. M. Ward, "The British
Federal Policy in Aust." 1847-48. Papers & Proc. of Tas.
Historical Research Assoc., Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 45-53-

2851. Ward, R. B., Dept. History, A.N.U. The Social
Background of the Australian Bush Ballads.
An investigation of the anonymous songs orally trans-
mitted in Australia in the i9th century with a view to
determining what light they throw on the social back-
ground and the evolution of a distinctively Australian
sentiment. (a) Ph.D.; (c) L. F. Fitzhardinge; (d) 1953-.

HISTORY-FAR EASTERN
2852. Barnard, W., Dept. of Far Eastern History, A.N.U.
Feudalism in Ancient China.
The inquiry is largely restricted to primary historical
material-bronze inscriptions, these will form the basis
of the reconstruction of Chinese society in the Western
Chon period. Such a utilization of this primary material
has not yet been made by either Chinese or Western
scholars. Nearly all writers in this field have confused
the picture of ancient Chinese society by an indiscrimi-
nate use of both primary and secondary source materials.
(a) Ph.D.; (c) Prof. C. P. Fitzgerald; (d) 1952-.

2853. Fitzgerald, Prof. C. P., Dept. Far Eastern History,
A.N.U. Chinese Contact with Australia Prior to
European Settlement.
Investigation of real and alleged cases of finding of
Chinese artifacts on Australian soil; determination of
the date and provenance of such objects, examination of
Chinese historical records of maritime expeditions in
relation to material found in Australia. (d) x952-; (f) "A
Chinese Discovery of Australia?" Australia Writes, Ed.
T. Inglis Moore, Cheshires, p. 75, 1953.

2854. McKillop, B. C., Dept. Far Eastern History,
A.N.U. The Life and Times of Lu Hsiang-Shan.
To relate the work of this scholar and the movement of
which he formed part to the social and political back-
ground of the Sung period. This involves research into
his collected works, those of his contemporaries and the
standard histories of the time, also reference to works
by modern Chinese and Japanese scholars.

HISTORY-PACIFIC
2855. Davidson, Prof. J. W., Dept. Pacific History,
A.N.U. Political Change in Samoa.
A case-history of "colonialism". It is intended to
analyse in relation the general theory of colonial rule,
the inadequacy of indigenous political institutions after







the establishment of Western contact, the inefficiency of
attempts at political reform from within Samoan society,
and the consequent necessity for the assumption of
political control by a Western Power. It is intended to
analyse the manner in which Samoan political initiative
has been exercised within the colonial political frame-
work up to the point at which the main outlines of a
new form of autonomy have been established. (d)
1947-57.

2856. Drus, Miss E., Dept. Pacific History, A.N.U. The
Formulation of Policy in Fiji, 1874-1916.
An investigation by documentary study of the influ-
ences, metropolitan and local, official and unofficial,
affecting the formulation of policy by successive Gover-
nors of the Colony of Fiji. Based, principally, on work
in the Fiji Government archives. (d) 1953-55.

2857. Gilson, P., Dept. Pacific History, A.N.U. Changes
in Leadership in Samoan Society.
An investigation by documentary and fieldwork study
of the changes in social origins, careers, and role of
those exercising leadership, in Samoa from the first
arrival of Europeans up to the present. (c) Prof. J. W.
Davidson; (d) 1952-.

2858. Legge, J. D., Dept. History, U.W.A. British Policy
towards Fiji i858-8o, with special reference to the
Administration of Sir Arthur Gordon, Governor
from r875 to r88o.
The enquiry aims to assess the nature of Britain's
interest in Fiji, the reasons leading her to accept the
sovereignty of the territory, and the character of official
and unofficial opinion regarding native administration.
Against this background the contribution of Sir Arthur
Gordon is examined. The enquiry is based primarily
upon the Foreign Office and Col. Office Records in the
Public Record Office, London. In addition reference
was made to the Carnarvon Papers (Public Record
Office), the Gladstone Papers (Brit. Museum) and the
Papers of Sir Arthur Gordon (in the possession of Lord
Stanmore). (d) 1949-53.

2859. Newbury, C. W., Dept. Pacific History, A.N.U.
The Administration of French Oceania, 1838-1902.
A study based on investigation of official, missionary
and other documentary sources in Aust., France,
England, and French Oceania. (a) Ph.D.; (c) Prof.
J. W. Davidson; (d) 1953-56.

2860. West, F. J., Dept. Pacific History, A.N.U. (1) The
Administration of Sir Hubert Murray in Papua.
(2)The Extension of Administrative Control in the
Central Highlands of New Guinea.
An investigation by documentary and fieldwork study,
of (i) the theory and practice of Murray during his
term of office 1908-40. (2) the history and techniques of
colonial administration from the discovery of the central
highland plateaux in the I930's. (d) (i) October 1952-;
(2) September 1953-.


INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
2861. Adamson, Shirley, Dept. History, Q'ld.U. The
Australian Attitude to International Co-operation.
Australian attitude to participation in the League of
Nations, and the United Nations and allied bodies,
together with the attitude to Regional co-operation
especially in the Pacific. (a) M.A.; (c) Prof. G. Green-
wood; (d) 1953-54.


2862. Crocker, Prof. W. R. International Relations Dept.,
A.N.U. International Organization.
A study of formation of UN organization, choice of
site, methods of recruitment and functioning of organ-
ization. The study is largely based on the author's
experience in the UN organization (trusteeship division)
and comparisons are made with pre-war international
organization which the author knew through working
in the I.L.O.
2863. Lindsay, Lord, of Birker, International Relations
Dept., A.N.U. Chinese Communism 1937-47.
The relations between the Chinese Communist Party,
the Kuomintang, the Japanese, and later, the Americans.
(d) 1948-; (e) The mss. of a book analysing the policies
of the Chinese Communist Party, has been completed.
2864. Stone, Prof. Julius, International Relations Dept.,
S.U. (i) An Examination of some of the Factors in
Disruption and Change in the Traditional
System of Public International Law.
Including the organizational systems of the League
of Nations and United Nations, and the Law of War
and Neutrality. (d) 1948-; (e) Still uncertain.
(2) On the Possibility of a Sociology of International
Law.
An enquiry into the presuppositions of the application
of social science methods to the relations between States.
(d) 1952-57; (e) 1957.
(3) The Interaction between Human Values and
Attitudes and the Values Sanctified by the Foreign
Policies of States.
With special reference to the role of the State as
channel, insulator and distorter of human relations.
2865. Storry, G. R., International Relations Dept.,
A.N.U. The Contemporary Japanese Political
Parties.
A study of Japanese political parties since the sur-
render of Japan in 1945. Method:-study of published
materials, books, newspapers, etc., followed by a visit to
Japan in 1953 for practical observation of the Diet and
the various parties in action, both in the Diet and in
the constituencies. (d) 1952-.

LAW
2866. Brett, P., Faculty Law, U.W.A. The Penal System
of W.A.
An enquiry into the criminal laws, procedures and
penal practices of the State of W.A. Treatment will be
on a comparative and functional basis. (d) 1951-.
2867. Benjafield, Dr D. G., Dept. Law, S.U. Australian
Administrative Law.
An enquiry into the administrative law and pro-
cedures in Australia.
2868. Bohringer, L. G. See Manning, J. K., No. 2872.
2869. Goldie, S. F., Dept. Law, C.U.C. The Occupation
of Sedentary Fisheries in Australian Waters.
An enquiry in International Law of the appropriation
of the fructus and mineral resources of the sea bed and
sub-soil beyond the limits of the territorial waters and
combining a study of the traditional conceptions of
occupation and acquisitive prescription with the now
existing category of the Continental Shelf Doctrine.
(a) Master of Laws; (d) 1952-54; (f) Certain parts have
already been published in article form, e.g. monograph
"Australia's Sovereignty over its contiguous Continental
Shelf" A.I.I.A. (N.S.W. Branch, December 1953); "Occu-
pation of Sedentary Fisheries off the Australian Coast",








i Sy. L.R. 84; "The Australian Continental Shelf; Legis-
lation & Proclamation": 3 Int. & Comp. L.Q. (Part 3).

2870. Hutley, F. C., Dept. Law, S.U. Law of Succession
in N.S.W.
A textbook for the use of university students in
Succession, including administration of assets, and estate
and death duties.

2871. Mahoney, D. L., Dept. Law, S.U. A Work Relating
to the Law Administered by Justices in N.S.W.
A work intended for the use of the legal profession
and students, and dealing with the law administered by
the Justices in N.S.W.
2872. Manning, J. K. and Bohringer, L. G., Dept. Law,
S.U. Australian Bankruptcy Law and Practice.
A revised (3rd) edition of "Australian Bankruptcy
Law and Practice", by Macdonald, Henry and Meek.

2873. Morison, Dr W. L., Dept. Law, S.U. Case Book
of the Law of Tort.
A book of edited materials for the use of law students.

2874. Needham, G. D. See Stuckey, G. P., No. 2878.

2875. Sawer, Prof. G., Dept. Law, A.N.U. Political and
Constitutional History of the Commonwealth of
Australia.
Narrative account of parliamentary history, legislative
history and development of judicial doctrine from
appropriate records. (d) 1950-54; (f) "Political Review",
Aust. Quarterly, 1953-54. "Defence Power of Common-
wealth in Time of Peace", Rex Judicatae Vol. 6, No. 2,
p. 214. (See Abstract No. 2643 in No. 16 of this journal).
"Decisions Affecting Public Administration"; Public
Administration, March 1954, p. 25. "Public Corporations
in Aust." W. Friedman's "Public Corporations" 1951,
P. 3.
2876. Shatwell, Prof. K. 0., and Thomson, D. C., Dept.
Law, S.U. Industrial Law in Australia.
A study of the law in Australia relating to the regula-
tion of employment conditions.

2877. Stone, Prof. Julius, Dept. Law, S.U. Law as an
Instrument of Social Control.
A study of changing legal techniques and institutions
in various types of political society in correlation with
economic, political, social and technological change. (d)
1947-; (e) Uncertain.

2878. Stuckey, G. P., and Needham, G. D., Dept. Law,
S.U. Law of Conveyancing.
An annotated edition of the Conveyancing Acts.

2879. Thomson, D. C., Dept. Law, S. U. The Nature and
Function of Compulsory Labour Regulation in
Australia.
An examination of the use of conciliation and arbitra-
tion in Australia for the settlement of industrial disputes
and for the formulation of Labour standards. Special
attention is being given to (i) the problems arising from
the division of industrial powers between the Common-
wealth and the States, and (2) the rule of trade unions
in the sphere of labour relations.

2880. Thomson, D. C. See Shatwell, Prof. K. O., No.
2876.


MEDICAL STATISTICS

2881. Lancaster, H. O., Dept. Medical Statistics, S.U.
A Survey of Mortality in Australia. The Epidemi-
ology of Deafness due to Maternal Rubella.
The mortality experienced in Australia as given in
demography, the annual bulletin of the Bureau of
Census and Statistics is being analysed. A number of
papers have appeared already in the Medical Journal
of Australia and a number are in process of being
printed or prepared. (a) Perhaps for M.D. or D.Sc.; (d)
1946-56; (f) Published chiefly in the M.J.A. one paper
in the J. Obstets. Gynaecol. Brit. Empire. (1951), Brit.
Med. J. (1951), New Zealand Med. J. (1952).

PHILOSOPHY
2882. Gibson, Q. B., Dept. Philosophy, C.U.C. The
Logic of Social Enquiry.
A systematic treatment of the logical issues which
have been raised about social enquiries, especially in
recent years. This is in two parts. (i) A criticism of
"Anti-Scientific" views about social enquiries. (ii) A
study of the admitted logical peculiarities of procedure
in these enquiries. (d) 1948-55.

2883. Teichmann, M. E., Dept. Philosophy, M.U. The
Theory of Natural Rights.
Mainly a contemporary analysis of rights claimed to
be basic, special reference to the Australian scene. (a)
Ph.D.; (c) Dr W. D. Falk; (d) 1953-56.

POLITICAL SCIENCE
2884. Ball, Macmahon W., and Staff Study group, Dept.
Political Science, M.U. The Victorian Machinery
of Government.
A detailed descriptive survey of the Victorian
machinery of government is being made: this is to be
followed by a series of analytical studies of particular
issues in the field such as delegated legislation, devolu-
tion of powers, accountability of statutory corporations,
etc. The project is under the direction of the study
group, and a research officer has been appointed to
collate the material already assembled by the group.
(d) 1953-; (e) Descriptive section almost ready in 1954
for publication: publication of entire project planned.

2885. Birrell, Miss M., Dept. History, Q'ld.U. Political
Developments in Queensland 1919-29.
The changing character of Labor in Queensland in
period 1919-29, reasons for the party's continuing success
at the polls and then their failure in 1929 election. (a)
M.A.; (c) Prof. G. Greenwood; (d) 1952-54.

2886. Chapman, R. McD., Dept. Political Science,
A.N.U. Survey of Australian Politics during the
Economic Depression of the 193o's.
(a) Ph.D.; (c) L. C. Webb; (d) 1953-.

2887. Crisp, Prof. L. F., Dept. Political Science, C.U.C.
(i) Life of J. B. Chifley.
(d) 1952-.
(2) The Australian Federal Labor Party z9oi-5g.
A history of the evolution of the various organs
and main constitutional features of the Australian
Labor Party in the Federal field. (c) Mrs S. P. Bennett;
(d) 1950-53; (f) 1954-Longmans, London.
2888. Curtis, H. J., Dept. History & Political Science,
Q'ld.U. Political Developments in Australia in the
Inter-War Period.








The concentration is upon the Commonwealth both
in the fields of internal policy and developing internal
relations. (a) Ph.D.; (c) Prof. G. Greenwood; (d) 1952-54.

2889. Edwards, Miss A. B., Dept. Philosophy, U.W.A.
Strikes under Arbitration.
The scope is a study of the frequency, extent,
duration and costliness of strikes in Australia be-
tween 1913 and 1948. The method is a comparison
of strikes in the Commonwealth (and the U.S.A.)
and in each of the six states separately and in each
industry in each state. (c) Prof. Fox; (d) 1950-53.

2890. Encel, S., Dept. Political Science, M.U. The
Commonwealth Public Service: A Study in
Status Differentiation.
A study in changes in the recruitment, qualifications,
and functions of the higher grades of Commonwealth
public servants, with its consequences upon the general
structure of the Public Service hierarchy, from 1902 to
1951. Source materials-official records and published
reports. Comparisons are made with Britain and
the U.S. to emphasise peculiarly Australian features.
(a) M.A. (conferred December 1952); (c) Prof. L. F.
Crisp, C.U.C.; (d) 1951-52; (f) (i) "The Recruitment of
University Graduates to the Commonwealth Public
Service", Public Administration (Sydney), Vol. 12, No. 4,
1953. (2) "The Recruitment of University Graduates to
the Australian Commonwealth Public Service and Out-
side Recruitment", Public Administration (Sydney), Vol.
13, 1954.
2891. Feith, H., Dept. Political Science, M.U. Indonesian
Electoral Preparations and their Political Aspects.
Author returned from Indonesia in June 1953, where
he had been carrying out field investigations for almost
two years. (a) M.A.; (c) Prof. W. M. Ball; (d) 1951-54.

2892. Goodman, R., Dept. Political Science, A.N.U.
The Status of Teachers in the Australian Com-
monwealth.
(a) Ph.D.; (c) L. C. Webb; (d) 1952-55.

2893. Heseltine, W., Dept. Political Science, C.U.C. The
Australian Premiers' Conference.
An historical and analytical survey of its evolving
role as an extra constitutional link between federal
and state governments, its methods and procedures,
its relations with and effects on the institutions of
parliamentary government. (a) M.A.; (c) Prof. L. F.
Crisp; (d) 1952-55.

2894. Liesching, Miss S., Dept. Political Science, A.N.U.
Church-State Relations in Australia.
(a) M.A. (c) L. C. Webb; (d) 1952-54.

2895. McRae, M. D., Dept. History & Political Science,
U.Tas. History of the Tasmanian Labor Party.
The enquiry will seek to trace the history of the
party from its inception to 1939, examining especially
(a) Relationship to Tasmanian Trade Unions; (b)
Political ideas and objects; (c) Organization and
structure; (d) Relationship to and role in the Federal
Labor Party. Method; Reading from source material,
newspapers, party documents, parliamentary papers,
and proceedings, etc., and by personal interviews. (a)
M.A.; (c) W. A. Townsley; (d) 1953-; (e) Preliminary
results to be published in Pap. & Proceedings of
Tasmanian Historical Research Assoc.

2896. Morrison, A. A., Dept. History & Political
Science, Q'ld.U. Liberalism in Queensland.


Origins, application and modification of early ideas,
and their influence 1859 to present, based on parliamen-
tary papers and debates, government house records,
metropolitan and provincial press, published and un-
published records and memoirs and examination of
statutory and administrative records of political parties.
(a) Ph.D.; (c) Prof. G. Greenwood; (d) 1951-54.

2897. Rawson, D. W., Dept. Political Science, A.N.U.
A Comparative Study of Labor Movements in
Australia, the United Kingdom, and New
Zealand.
The structure and leadership of Labor Movements
under varying but basically similar circumstances, and
their effect on Labor's role in the political system. (a)
Ph.D.; (c) L. C. Webb; (d) 1953-.

2898. Rolph, Dr W. K., Dept. Political Science, A.N.U.
History of the Country Party in Australia.
A study of organization, development and role of
the Country Party in Australian politics. Reliance is
made on newspapers, pamphlets, government records.
interviews, and available private papers and correspon-
dence. (d) 1952- (Dr Rolph died in December 1953).

2899. Rydon, Miss J., Dept. Political Science, A.N.U.
A Study of Gwydir By-Election 1953.
(c) L. C. Webb, (work is being done in conjunction
with H. Mayer of Dept. of Govt. Uni. of Sydney); (d)
1953-54.
2900. Sissons, D. S. C., Dept. Political Science, M.U.
Australian Attitudes to Japan 1885-1939.
Chief source materials are the Press and Parliamentary
debates of the States and Commonwealth. The influence
of the fear of Japan on the defence and immigration
policies of the Commonwealth 1890-1925, is considered
in greater detail than other aspects during the period.
(d) 1951-.
2901. Truman, T. C., Dept. History & Political Science,
Q'ld.U. (i) Pressure Groups, Parties and Politics
of the Australian Labor Movement.
An enquiry into interaction of group policies, parties
and ideologies of the A.L.P, mainly concerned with
trade unions and the Labor Party. (a) M.A.; (c) Prof. G.
Greenwood; (d) 1949-53.
(2) The Performance of the Australian Daily Press.
An enquiry to assess the performance of the press in
reporting politics and to determine trends in reporting
e.g. sensationalism. (d) 1951-55; (e) When completed;
(f) T. C. Truman, Australian Quarterly, Vol. XXIII,
No. 4, December 1951, "The Press and the 1951 Federal
Elections".

2902. Webb, L. C., Dept. Political Science, A.N.U.
Communism under Democratic Processes: Survey
of i95i Referendum Campaign in Australia.
(b) Mrs F. Lawrence; (d) 1952-54; (e) To be published
in book form by Cheshires, Melb. July 1954.

2903. Wolfsohn, H. A., Dept. Political Science, M.U.
Evolution of Australia in World Affairs since
Federation.
An investigation of the gradual emergence of an in-
dependent Australian Foreign Policy. Special emphasis
is placed on Australia's role within the British Empire,
and on the numerous attempts to gain a voice in the
formulation of foreign policy in London. In this context,
some attention is given to the work of Imperial Con-
ferences, Imperial Federation Schemes, and the attitudes
of political parties. (d) 1951-.








PSYCHOLOGY
2904. Andrews, Miss J., Dept. Psychology, U.W.A.
Beliefs and Attitudes on Child Rearing.
Determination of role-expectations for children held
by various groups, e.g. parents, doctors, teachers, nurses.
(d) 1953-; (e) Date uncertain.
2905. Barrett-Lennard, G. T., Dept. Psychology, U.W.A.
Measurement of Satisfaction in Work.
By interviews and projective techniques to determine
the relative value of a number of techniques of measur-
ing satisfaction in work. (a) M.Sc.; (c) Dr R. Taft; (d)
1952-54; (e) uncertain.
2906. Bownes, A. F., Dept. Psychology, U.W.A. Frames
of Reference in Group Interaction-Asian and
Australian Male Students at Uni. of W.A.
Attitude surveys to determine whether there is con-
vergence of the values and beliefs of Asian and Aus-
tralian students over a period of three years' residence
in Australia by the Asian students. (a) M.A.; (c) Dr R.
Taft; (d) 1953-55; (e) Details uncertain.

2907. Brett, P., and Morey, Dr E. A., Dept. Psychology,
U.W.A. Social and Personal Characteristics of
Juvenile Delinquents in Perth, W.A.
Data from records and sessions of the Children's
Court, Perth, are to be assembled, classified and analysed
for the year, 1953. (b) Miss S. Marshall; (d) 1953-55.
2908. Brown, E., Dept. Psychology, U.W.A. Resolution
and Classification of Visual Patterns by
Schizophrenics
Dark adaptation tests for disturbances of sensory
function balancing stimulus conditions important for
gross orientation of patterns with features of the designs
making for difficulty in differentiating between patterns.
(a) M.A.; (c) Dr A. J. Marshall; (d) 1953-; (e) uncertain.
2909. Hall, A. C., Dept. Psychology, Q'ld.U. Study of
Aesthetic Preferences.
This project has so far covered several aspects of the
subject. These include preferences in pictorial com-
position (investigated by several methods), the influence
of colour in pictorial preference, changes in pictorial
preference from childhood to maturity, the relation be-
tween specific aspects of personality and aesthetic
preferences. Methods; these include experiments in
which subjects made selections from material presented,
other experiments in which subjects produced artistic
compositions under standardized conditions and ques-
tionnaires and interviews. (a) M.A.; (c) Dr G. F. K.
Naylor; (d) 1948-.

2910. Harwood, Miss E., Dept. Psychology, Q'ld.U.
The Social Development of Young People in the
Australian Culture.
Tests and questionnaires have been produced and
are being administered to a sample of 1,ooo boys and
girls (age 15-i8). Statistical analysis will be made
with consideration of variable factors such as population
density, industrial influence, school and work experience,
and religious affiliation. (a) Ph.D.; (b) Miss J. Moore,
Mr N. R. Tomlinson; (d) 1951-.

2911. Harwood, Miss E., See Naylor, Dr G. F. K., No.
2923.
2912. Howe, M., Dept. Psychology, U.W.A. Vocational
Interests and Preferences among School-Leavers.
Interviews, tests, interest questionnaires, to determine
the determinants of vocational interests and preferences


in a group of school-leavers seeking vocational guidance
in Perth. (a) M.A.; (c) Dr R. Taft; (d) 1953-.

2913. Katz, F. M., Dept. Psychology, M.U. Adaptation
to Work: A Study of Semi-Skilled Process
Workers in a Clothing Factory.
As for the "Investigation of Industrial Tensions".
Relates to i of the 12 factories included in this. (a) M.A.;
(c) P. Lafitte; (d) 1951-52; (e) Part of Industrial Tensions
Project. Date uncertain.

2914. Lafitte, P., Dept. Psychology, M.U. Investigation
of Industrial Tensions.
Evaluation of sociological group, psychological and
individual factors in tension between and among
management and workers. Case studies, by interview-
ing and observation of 12 Melbourne factories. (d)
1949-55; (e) Date uncertain.
2915. Leaper, Patricia M., Dept. Psychology, M.U. The
Social Relationships of Reformatory Schoolboys
and their Adaptation to the Pressures of a "Refor-
mative" Institution.
Observation and interview, case records. (a) M.A.;
(c) Dr D. F. Buckle; (d) 1952-53.

2916. Little, Miss A., Dept Psychology, U.W.A. Contents
of Children's Minds on Entering Schools.
Repetition of G. S. Hall's 1890 study, hypothesising
that 1953 school entrant has greater knowledge than
in 1890 but the average "readiness" is markedly below
the level assumed by the school. (a) M.A.; (b) Part-time
interviewer; (c) Dr E. A. Morey; (d) 1953-55; (e) un-
certain.

2917. Lyle, J. G. B., Dept. Psychology, M.U. The Effects
of Disturbances in Child-Parent Relationships
upon the Adjustment of Clinically-normal School
Children.
Comparisons between patients at a psychological clinic
and a sample of school children. Tests and clinical
studies. (a) M.A.; (c) Prof. O. A. Oeser; (d) 1952-53.

2918. McElwain, Assoc. Prof. D. W., Dept. Psychology,
M.U. (i) The Efficiency of the Interview.
A factorial design is used to examine variables (i)
interviewer (ii) direct against non-direct method. (iii)
availability of psychometric data, (iv) whether the inter-
view is divided or not, in terms of their efficiency in
"predicting" various social attitudes, established inde-
pendently by the Eysenck attitude scale. (d) 1951-; (e)
Date unknown.
(2) Child Research Project.
An investigation of the social conditions and adjust-
ment of urban school children. Methods: Cognitive and
projective tests, group questionnaires, followed by free
interviews; particular emphasis given to the character-
istics of the school and to children's judgments concern-
ing each other. (d) 1952-53; (e) Unknown.

2919. Macleod, D., Dept. Psychology, M.U. A Study of
Behaviour in a Deaf Group.
Observation, and a large battery of tests, applied to
adult deaf in an institution. (a) M.A.; (c) Dr D. F.
Buckle; (d) 1951-52.

2920. MacMillan, M. B., Dept. Psychology, M.U. A
Study of the Language and Thinking of Mentally
Defective Children with Special Reference to the
Task of Educating them.
Tests, interviews, experiments, in an institution for








mentally backward children. (a) M.Sc.; (c) Prof. O. A.
Oeser; (d) 1953-55.

2921. Marshall, Dr A. J., Dept. Psychology, U.W.A.
Principles underlying the use of Visual Patterns
in Display.
Determination of conditions of perception of visual
patterns of various types and development of method
of quantifying dominance of typical patterns-dark
adaptation set-up. (d) 1950-; (e) Details uncertain; (f)
A. J. Marshall, R. H. Day, Australian Journal of
Psychology, Vol. 3., No. i., 1951 pp. 1-21. (See
Abstract No. 2189 in No. 13 of this journal).

2922. Morey, Dr E. A., Dept. Psychology, U.W.A.
() Intelligence Tests for Cerebral Palsied
Children.
Development of tests for cerebral palsied children
aged 5-io years which will be minimally affected by
a child's particular handicap. (d) 1952-.
(2) Social Development of Primary School Children.
Investigation of relation between the child as he
is, as he feels himself to be, and as he is seen by his
peers, using projective tests, personality ratings, social
distance scales and self descriptive inventories. (b) Miss
L. E. Cunningham, Mr E. R. O'Keefe; (d) 1952-55.
(3) Techniques of Group Therapy.
Practical investigation of the effect of group tech-
niques in improving adjustment of disturbed children
and their parents. (d) 1952-.

2923. Naylor, Dr G. F. K., and Harwood, Miss E.,
Dept. Psychology, Q'ld.U. (1) Social Develop-
ment of the Australian Aborigine in a Govern-
ment "Settlement".
The first phase includes a study of Aboriginal school
children at Woodenbong Settlement, and comparison
of their social development with that of children (a) in
an institution, and (b) in normal families. Subsequent
phases will study reaction of adults and children to
attempts to provide improved facilities for social learn-
ing. (b) Miss J. Moore, Mr N. R. Tomlinson, Mr and Mrs
Rose; (d) 1953-.
(2) Religious Attitudes of University Students.
Detailed questionnaires have been completed by over
300 uni. students representing various faculties and
denominations. Statistical analysis has been applied to
the questionnaires to determine observed differences of
attitude and the significance of these differences. (b) Miss
J. Moore, Mr N. R. Tomlinson; (d) 1948-.

2924. Oeser, Prof. 0. A., Dept. Psychology, M.U. Social
Determinants of Adaptation to School and Family.
Intensive psychological and sociological study of a
school. Adjustment of the pupil's peer group relations,
influence of family climate on adjustment, learning
and motivation. (b) Virginia Palmer, R. Craig, D.
Anderson, F. E. Emery; (d) 1952-55; (c) Date unknown.

2925. Palmer, Virginia, Dept. Psychology, M.U. The
Study of the Modes of Adjustment of a select
group of children in an Institution for
Delinquents.
Observation and interview. (a) M.A.; (c) Dr D. F.
Buckle; (d) 1952-53.

2926. Penny, R., Dept. Anthropology, A.N.U. An
Analysis of Social Communication.
The study is meant to examine the factors determin-
ing effective communication in a given social system.
Both psychological and sociological methods are used,
involving interviews, personality assessment, small-group


experiments, and field observation. (d) 1952-54; (e) In
a psychological or sociological journal, 1955.

2927. Roots, J. C., Dept. Psychology, M.U. The
Assimilation of British Migrants.
An historical, sociological and economic study, to-
gether with interviews of recent migrants. (a) Ph.D.
(London); (c) Dr W. D. Borrie; (d) 1953-55; (e) Date
unknown.

2928. Rouch, F. L., Dept. Psychology, M.U. The
Determinants of Children's Occupational
Expectations.
Tests and Questionnaires. A differential analysis for
different socio-economic classes based on reference
group theory. (a) M.A.; (c) Mr S. B. Hammond; (d)
1951-53.
2929. Walker, Prof. K. F., Dept. Psychology, U.W.A.
(i) Personality Rigidity and its Correlates.
By experimental methods to determine the relation
of rigidity to other dimensions of behaviour such as
suggestibility, closure, toleration of ambiguity, ethno-
centrism. (d) 1953-.
(2) Social Psychology of Industrial Relations.
Case studies to determine relation of economic and
technological factors in different industries to industrial
relations in those industries-interviews, attitude, sur-
veys, documentary and statistical data. (d) 1949-; (e)
Ms. under consideration for publication by Wertheim
Foundation, Harvard Uni.; (f) Chapter in Book, Aus-
tralia, Comparative Labour Movements edited by
Galenson, by Prof. K. F. Walker, Prentice-Hall, New
York, 1952.

SOCIAL MEDICINE
2930. Clements, Dr F. W., C'wealth Dept. of Health,
S.U., and The Institute of Child Health, Royal
Alexandra Hosp. for Children, Camperdown,
N.S.W. (i) Accident Survey of Pre-School
Children.
50,000 forms distributed through schools and pre-
school centres to parents of pre-school children and
children 6 and 7 years of age. Returned questionnaires
indicate whether child sustained an accident in the
first five years of life giving nature of accident, how it
happened and result. Aim is to develop methods of
educating parents in prevention. (d) 1952-54; (e) As a
series of articles in the Medical Journal of Australia.
(2) Study of the Behaviour Patterns of Pre-School
Children.
The analysis of the records of 800 pre-school children
who have attended six special kindergartens in Aust.
Study is designed to investigate the inter-relationships
between family composition, health of family members,
socio-economic factors and the behaviour traits and
social adaptation of the children; (b) Miss Edna Hill;
(d) 1950-53; (e) Sections may be published in other
studies.

2931. Dods, Prof. L., S.U. and C'wlth Dept. of Health,
Institute of Child Health, Royal Alexandra Hosp.
for Children, Camperdown, N.S.W. A Study of
Rheumatic Disease in Childhood.
The aim is to enquire into criteria of diagnosis,
criteria of activity, treatment, prognosis and environ-
mental factors associated with acute rheumatism,
Sydenham's Chorea and Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
as they occur in children. (b) Dr Brian Dowd and Dr
Helen Walsh, Miss P. Grave (Social Worker); (d) 1952-.








2932. Meyers, Dr E. S., Dept. Social & Tropical
Medicine, Q'ld.U. (I) Medical Education in the
Uni. of Q'ld. (2) Fifty Years of Medicine in Q'la.
(f) Meyers, E. S. M.J.A. Vol. II, 1952, p. 698 "Medical
Education in the Uni. of Q'ld." Meyers, E. S. Arch. Uni.
"Fifty Years of Medicine in Queensland". Meyers, E. S.
M.J.A. 19 December 1953, p. 913: "The Training of
Undergraduates in Medicine, with some remarks on the
Practice of Medicine in Queensland". McLelland, R.
"Trephine" Vol. III No. 2: "Some Aspects of the Activi-
ties of the Public Health Department at Goroko, New
Guinea."

SOCIOLOGY

2933. Davey, Dr Constance M., Dept. Social Science,
U.A. Children and Law-Makers: A Social Histori-
cal Survey of the Growth and Development from
i836 to 1950 of S.A. Laws Relating to Children.
An analysis of historical facts to evaluate the role of
circumstances, tradition, the press and public opinion
in determining the trend of legislation relating to
children from the foundation of the State of S.A. in
1836 to 1950. An account of the care and control by the
state of destitute, delinquent and neglected children,
changes in attitude to illegitimacy, development of a
free, secular and compulsory system of education, treat-
ment of aboriginal children and the involved problem
of their assimilation, laws relating to the employment
and physical and mental health of children. (d) 1946-52

2934. Hutchinson, Dr B., Dept. Social Studies, M.U.
Old Age in Victoria.


A study of the contemporary social position of older
people (aged 55 and over) in Vic., their conditions and
needs. Emphasis will be laid equally upon an assessment
of current welfare and institutional care of the aged, and
upon the sociology of old age in Vic. society. (d)
1952-53; (e) Melbourne University Press, 1954.

2935. Sharp, G. B., Dept. Social Studies, M.U. Later
Social Experience of Delinquent Boys.
The investigation includes the study of about ioo
boys 50 in each of two age groupings each broken into
an institutional and a control group. Data is collected
primarily by interview. The theoretical emphasis is upon
the interconnection of the social relations established
in following the institutional and the typical path into
the same section of the social structure. Within this
framework the main aim is to define the delinquent
as a social type, to indicate the limits within which
changes may be determined. (d) 1952-.

2936. Wheaton, Mrs A., Dept. Social Science, U.A.
The Care and Treatment of Mental Defectives
in S.A.: A Sociological Problem.
Mental defect, nature of the deviation and aetiology,
definition from point of view of adjustment. The socio-
logical problem. Historical background of legislation
in S.A. Present position, extent of problem, differentia-
tion, agencies of control and institutions, treatment,
training and after-care, community attitudes with case
studies, effects on family, economic participation, sex,
marital status, maladjustment, marginal defective. (b)
Miss J. Ellis; (d) 1953-.


APPENDIX
List of Heads of the Departments referred to in this Register.
A.N.U. Department of Anthropology: Professor S. F. Nadel; Demography: W. D. Borrie; Economics: Professor
T. W. Swan; Geography: Professor O. H. K. Spate; History: L. F. Fitzhardinge; Far Eastern History: Professor C. P.
Fitzgerald; Pacific History: Professor J. W. Davidson; International Relations: Professor W. R. Crocker; Law: Professor
G. Sawer; Political Science: L. C. Webb.
S.U. Department of Anthropology: Professor A. P. Elkin; Economics; Professor S. J. Butlin; Education: Pro-
fessor C. R. McRae; History: Professor J. M. Ward; International Relations: Professor Julius Stone; Law:
Professor K. O. Shatwell; Medical Statistics: H. O. Lancaster.
M.U. Department of Economic History: Professor J. A. La Nauze; Education: Professor G. S. Browne;
History: Professor R. M. Crawford; Philosophy: Professor A. Boyce Gibson; Political Science: Professor W. Mac-
mahon Ball; Psychology: Professor O. A. Oeser; Social Studies: Miss R. Hoban. In Melbourne, outside the Univer-
sity: Australian Council for Educational Research; Director Dr K. S. Cunningham.
Q'ld.U. Department of Economics: Professor J. K. Gifford; Education: Professor F. J. Schonell; External Studies:
Associate Professor E. Ringrose; Geography: R. H. Greenwood; History and Political Science: Professor G.
Greenwood; Psychology: Dr G. F. K. Naylor; Social and Tropical Medicine: E. S. Myers.
U.A. Department of Classics: Professor J. A. FitzHerbert; Department of Economics: Professor P. H.
Karmel; Geography: G. H. Lawton; History: Professor W. G. K. Duncan; Social Science: Mrs A. Wheaton; In
Adelaide outside the University: South Australian Museum: N. B. Tindale.
U.W.A. Department of Economics: Professor F. R. E. Mauldon; Education: Professor R. C. Cameron; History:
Professor F. Alexander; Law: Professor F. R. Beasley; Philosophy: Professor A. C. Fox; Psychology: Professor K. F.
Walker.
U.Tas. Department of Commerce: Professor G. G. Firth; History and Political Science: Professor C. S. King.
U.N.E. Department of Economics: Dr J. P. Belshaw; Education: Dr G. W. Bassett; Geography: E. W. Thorpe;
History: E. J. Tapp.
C.U.C. Department of Economics: Professor H. W. Arndt; History: Professor C. M. H. Clark; Philosophy:
Q. B. Gibson; Political Science: Professor F. L. Crisp.


507











ABSTRACTS

As the bulk of the space is occupied by the Bibliography of Current Research in the Social Sciences in Australia
in 1953, only a limited number of selected abstracts can be published in the present issue. The usual number of
abstracts will be published in No. 18.
Where the size of a Government publication or Parliamentary Paper (P.P.) is not given, it is 8 ins. x 131 ins.


ECONOMICS

(A) Economics and Economic Policy
2937. Report on Research and Investigation 1952.
University of Melbourne, pp. 200
A list of research undertaken with short summaries
of individual research items and bibliographies of
published work and of theses passed for higher degrees
at the University of Melbourne in 1952. The following
are the social sciences concerned: agriculture in-
cluding agronomy and rural surveys; anthropology;
commerce (industrial relations, economic geography
and accounting); criminology; economic history;
economics; education: history of education, educa-
tional psychology; history: Australian history, Austra-
lasian pre-history, British history, pacific history,
biblical history, Russian history, theory and method
of history, history of art; law; philosophy; political
science (political theory, political institutions, inter-
national relations); psychology; social studies.

2938. Economic Institutions and Aspirations G. L.
Wood. Chapter V of "The Australian Way of
Life". G. Caiger (Ed.). William Heinemann Ltd.,
1953, PP- 94-113.
Economic institutions, i.e. authorities charged with
formulating rules relating to economic functions, depend
on their social and political background, in Australia's
case on class distinctions, originating in the early con-
vict and pioneering days, the ethnic composition of her
immigrants, the evolution of labour attitudes and the
history of primary and secondary industries. The de-
velopment of economic controls in World War II and
of post-war economic controls with the aims of the wel-
fare state are discussed. Government control was needed
to maintain price-cost equilibrium, in the field of in-
dustrial arbitration and of capital issues. Further objec-
tives of a "managed" economy are the maintenance of
full employment and an active balance of payments.
Important economic institutions are the Tariff Board,
Loan Council and the Commonwealth Grants Com-
mission, also an "unofficial" institution, the Trade Union
organization.

2939 Australian Economy. Donald Cochrane. Chapter in
Taking Stock: Aspects of Mid-century Life in
Australia. Ed. by W. V. Aughterson. F. W.
Cheshire, Melbourne, 1953, pp. 145-65.
In the brief span allotted to it this chapter briefly
outlines the development of Australia from 19oo to
the second world war and then proceeds to discuss in
more detail the growth of the economy since the war.
The transformation of Australia from a primary pro-
ducing to a highly industrialized economy is demon-
strated, and despite the comments to the contrary it is
suggested that this transformation is likely to continue
in the future rather than be reversed. The way in which
the Commonwealth Government has attained the power
to maintain high employment without inflation and to
effect the distribution of incomes is also briefly discussed.
-D.C.


2940. Some Problems of Economic Development. Don-
ald Cochrane. Paper presented to Section G of
A.N.Z.A.A.S. Meeting. Canberra, January 1954,
pp. 17 roneoedd).
This paper presents a theoretical analysis of the pro-
cess of economic growth and a short statement of some
of the practical problems facing under-developed coun-
tries. It shows that not only does a consumption func-
tion of the Duesenberry-Modigliani type assist to ex-
plain both the interdependence of the trade cycle and
the secular growth trend, but it also forms the focal
point for any schemes for economic development through
its effect on the desire to consume and produce.-D.C.

2941. A Reconsideration of the Record of the Econo-
metric Forecasts of National Expenditure. A. J.
Hagger. Paper presented to Section G of
A.N.Z.A.A.S. Meeting, Canberra, January 1954,
pp. 12 roneoedd).
Mr Hagger distinguishes between a conditional and
unconditional forecast. The accuracy of the latter is
tested by comparing the forecast level of expenditure
with the level actually realized. The accuracy of the
former can practically only be assessed by comparison
of the level of expenditure realized with the level that
would have been forecast had the conditions been in
line with the events of the forecast period. For periods
between 1945 and 1947 forecasts have been made in
U.S. by E. R. Hagen and N. Fitzpatrick, whose record
proved unsatisfactory. The lecturer tries to find the
reasons for its failure. Different from U.S. critics he
suggests that the failure was mainly due to wrong fore-
casts of the most important exogenous variables-gross
private capital formation and expenditure on durable
consumer goods.

2942. A British Visitor's First Impressions of the Aus-
tralian Capital Market. R. F. Henderson. Paper
presented to Section G. of A.N.Z.A.A.S. Meeting,
Canberra, January 1954, pp. 18 roneoedd).
A survey dealing with financing of secondary industry.
The establishment of the Industrial Finance Depart-
ment of the Commonwealth Bank which also provides
finance for small firms, is discussed and compared with
the U.K. Industrial and Commercial Finance Corpora-
tion, an independent institution which is preferable to
its connection with the Central Bank. Credits by this
new Australian body should include hire purchase
finance on equity terms. A special institution for investi-
gating new inventions and projects should be set up.
Share issues to shareholders on bonus terms or as "rights
issues" are examined, they often lead to uneconomic
expansion. New shares should be issued at "no par
value". There is a case for specialized investment
bankers or independent issuing houses. Further sections
examine insurance companies' buying of industrial
securities, investment trusts and managed investment
trusts, capital issues control.

2943. (a) Some Aspects of the New Issue Market and
the Financing of Public Companies in Australia
from 1946 to 1951. A. R. Hall. Paper presented








to A.N.Z.A.A.S. Meeting, Canberra, January 1954,
pp. 24, 6 tables roneoedd). (b) Comments. H. P.
Brown, pp. 4 roneoedd).
Dr Hall's study is concerned with the flow of new
funds into industry, not with issues involving changes
in ownership or in form. It is based on information in
"Jobson's Investment Digest". The amount of new
money raised from the public through the medium of
stock exchanges is shown separately for government and
semi-government issues and companies. Another sec-
tion distinguishes between money issues of "new" and
"old" companies, the former make greater use of pre-
ference shares. Debenture issues are relatively lacking.
A description of balance sheets results in an analysis of
sources (shares, debentures, etc. bank overdraft, retained
profits, cash, government securities) and uses (fixed
assets, depreciation, stock, debtors, total trading assets,
total trade investment). This is specified for trade, manu-
facturing and "others", and in an appendix for in-
dividual industry groups in which there is a greater
number of variations. Effects of size and changes in the
rate of growth can be studied only within fairly homo-
geneous groups.
Mr Brown suggests development of Dr Hall's analysis
by using additional sources such as statistics of company
income taxes, of bank advances according to industry
and by classification of holdings of government securi-
ties. Movements in other assets and liabilities and
relationships between published profits, depreciation, tax
provisions and reserves should be examined. There
are difficulties in maintaining "comparable" cover and
in considering items "in transit".

2944. Richard Charles Mills. S. J. Butlin. Economic
News, pp. 177-88, November 1953.
An obituary of the late Professor Mills (1886-1952).
The author discusses Mills' studies, his war service,
academic career, his work in Royal Commissions, as
chairman of the Commonwealth Grants Commission,
the Uniform Tax Committee, the University Com-
mission and the Commonwealth Office of Education,
and his membership of the Finance and Economic
Committee in World War II. Of his literary work his
thesis "Colonization of Australia 1829-42" and his
books "Money, Banking and Foreign Exchange"
(1925, with F. C. Benham) and "Money" (1935, with
E. R. Walker) are particularly stressed. A bibliography
concludes the article.
2945. The Role of the State in Under-Developed Areas.
C. Gamba. Economic Record, pp. 245-56, Novem-
ber 1953.
There is an overwhelming case for state intervention
in undeveloped areas of which the author discusses S.E.
Asia, mainly India. Backward agricultural production
and lopsided exploitation of a single source of wealth
are responsible for the low standard of living. In as
short a time as possible present levels of income must
be increased. Net capital formation in these areas is less
than 5% of the national income compared with i5-20%
in the West. Cultivable areas are fragmented. Mining
and plantanaantations are managed by immigrants with cheap
immigrant labour. The profits from this business seldom
remain in the country. The great difficulties of capital
formation which necessitate extensive state planning,
are discussed. International borrowing or outright gift-
giving will have to initiate progress.
2946. Parker, R. S. (Ed.) Economic Stability in New
Zealand. New Zealand Institute of Public Admin-
istration, Wellington, 1953, pp. 146.
A collection of addresses delivered to the 5th Annual
Convention of the N.Z. Institute of Public Administra-


tion, May 1953. The main issue in the convention was
the competition for priority between stability, full em-
ployment and development as aims of economic policy.
L. C. Webb discussed "The Making of Economic
Policy" dealing with economic stability as a policy
objective, the priority of full employment, economic
stability of groups, stability and social justice, the
balance of the economy, policy making and stability
and its machinery, the need for integration, the weak-
ness of ad hoc arrangements, the unsolved problems
of statutory authorities, the role of economists.
"Stability and Growth" was the subject of H. Belshaw.
A completely stable economy must be stagnant. There
are sectors on primary and induced fluctuations, growth
of population, external impacts (innovations, changes of
export prices, the ratio of private to public investment)
causing changes.
M. J. Moriarty was concerned with "Stability in an
Agricultural Economy": the use of organized marketing
of produce; the procedures of price fixing; the need
to maintain rising production trends; the place of
special interest groups; the need for co-ordination of
agencies with marketing or price fixing authority.
H. G. Lang investigated "Price and Wage Policy", the
relation between full employment and controls, price
control and possible decontrol, price control methods,
wage determination in N.Z.
G. I. Schmitt dealt with "Economic Stability and
the Balance of Payments", the Arbitration Court,
Board of Trade and various statutory corporations
affecting the balance of payments by their decisions;
co-ordination between them is lacking; to maintain full
employment import control and control of the prices
of imports is required, but with some flexibility of
policy.
C. G. F. Simkin read a paper on "Monetary Policy
and Economic Stability". Monetary policy may try to
promote the stability of commercial banking, of prices
and of employment. The various methods of direct
control have often failed, therefore monetary and fiscal
policies have to supplement them. The lecturer himself
advocates multiple exchange rates.
"Social Accounting and Economic Policy" is ex-
amined by G. E. F. Wood. Social accounts try to provide
information how to keep economic fluctuations within
limits to maintain welfare.

2947. Changing Productivity in the New Zealand
Economy. E. Lerdau. Economic Journal (London),
pp. 184-88, March 1954.
An attempt to calculate changes in N.Z productivity
in 1938, 1943, 1946-50 slightly different from a similar
attempt made for Canada by A. Maddison in the same
periodical (September 1952), as Maddison disregards
changes in the terms of trade, while Lerdau deflates per-
sonal consumption and Government expenditure on
goods and services by the retail price index, gross
capital formation by the wholesale price index and
imports and exports by imports and exports price in-
dexes. Gross national output in N.Z. is worked out for
these years and real output per civilian active and per
man-hour is calculated. The former rose from ioo in
1938 to i52 in i950, the latter from 1oo to 157. F. R. Bray
has computed an annual rate of change in N.Z. agri-
cultural productivity 1938-43 of 4'6%, while Lerdau's
overall index shows 8-5% p.a. or 9-7% for occupations
other than agriculture.

(B) Industry, Trade and Commerce
(a) General Works
2948. Survey of Manufacturing Activity in Australia,
October 1953. Division of Industrial Development,








Department of National Development, pp. xvii,
99 roneoedd).
This survey is mainly based on interview with a
sample of manufacturers. In the introduction a general
summary stresses the improvement of production
and employment in the past six months, so that
manufacturing is little below the peak level of 1951. The
lighter manufacturing industries have better recovered
from the 1952 recession than the heavier industries
dependent on investment and parts of the food-process-
ing industries dependent on exports. Separate sections
in the introduction deal with production and sales,
stocks, costs and prices, expansion plans, future pros-
pects. The business tone is more optimistic in Victoria
and S.A. than in N.S.W. Reports on selected industries
deal with raw materials such as steel, building materials,
chemicals, etc.; plant, equipment and building such as
general engineering, motor vehicles, agricultural imple-
ments, etc.; durable consumer goods (furniture, radio
receivers, etc.); and non-durable consumable goods (wool
and cotton textiles, clothing, footwear, etc.). Each report
on any individual industries is divided into sections
about production and sales, etc., in the same way as the
introduction.

2949. Australian Manufacturing and the War of 19I4-18.
C. Forster. Economic Record, pp. 211-30, Novem-
ber i953.
Direct Australian Government war demand mainly
benefited the clothing and footwear industries. Govern-
ment factories manufactured only relatively simple arms.
Ship and boat building and repairing were promoted
through Government demand in the later part of the
war. There was a slump in the building industry and in
industries supplying building equipment and furniture.
Australian exports fell through the shortage of shipping,
also because hese of the severe 1914-15 drought. However,
there ere expanding export industries such as jam and
fruit preserving, metal refining and food processing. Im-
port difficulties led to the prohibition of luxury imports
in 1917 and to the establishment or expansion of indus-
tries becoming free from import competition (musical
instruments, glass, chemicals, drugs and medicines,
boots and shoes, etc.). Most important was the develop-
ment of the B.H.P., although the shortage of raw mat-
erials prevented an increase in total output. The pro-
tectionist Greene Tariff of i92o was a direct outcome of
these war-time changes.
2950. (a) Official Indexes of Industrial Production. L. G.
Hopkins, pp. 14 roneoedd). (b) The Measurement
of Industrial Production. R. R. Hirst, pp. 12, 3
tables roneoedd). (c) The Great Illusion. A Contri-
bution to a Symposium on the Measurement of
Industrial Production. K. Lancaster, pp. 11
roneoedd). Papers presented to Section G of
A.N.Z.A.A.S. Meeting, Canberra, January 1954.
(a) Australia does not publish official industrial pro-
duction indexes. Monthly and quarterly indexes have a
limited scope because only limited statistics are avail-
able. Nevertheless they have been gathered into a single
general index. Indications of changes are variations in
output, materials consumed, man-hours or machine-
hours worked. An index seeks to measure physical vol-
ume of production, its value, a comparison between input
and output. Weights and indicators and the underlying
assumptions (constancy of output-input relation, etc.),
limits to coverage, deflation of values, are discussed.
Separate chapters deal with indexes in U.S., U.K.,
Canada, Ireland, and activities of the League of Nations
and the U.N.
(b) A discussion of some problems in preparing the
measures of the annual quantum of output. After an


explanation of the meaning of net output (value added)
the measurement of output valued at constant prices is
examined in base year prices (Laspeyres) and in current
prices (Paasche). In Australia there are annual factory
statistics. The accuracy of a price index depends on
size and representativeness of quantities and prices com-
prising the index. Changes in quality are often neg-
lected. The lecturer surveys indexes of net and gross
volume of output from 1936-37 to 1950-51 for the food,
drink and tobacco industries and their subclasses from
official statistical data. The questions of containers
proved difficult. Gross output, net output and input are
related in a definite order.
(c) The lecturer who is author of the only monthly
production index in Australia (Research Service), con-
siders the term "measurement of industrial production"
as devoid of economic meaning. Prices are the only eco-
nomic link between heterogeneous commodities. If
utility can be measured at all, it can only be done for
the individual, not for consumers as a whole. We might
measure production in the ordinal, not the cardinal
sense. The Research Service Index is primarily a system
of classification. To use an index correctly means to use
its great summarizing ability, then to proceed to struc-
tural investigations. To divide an index of industrial
production by an index of employment and then talk of
productivity changes, is a delusion. Results must be
given for the most recent possible periods in the past and
for short-term periods. The Research Service uses only
physical quantity of output figures, prices based on
"value added" are used as weights, the base year is
1948-49. About Ioo commodities in 25 industries, col-
lected into 6 groups are covered.

2951. An Index of Australian Manufacturing Produc-
tion. S. P. Stevens. Paper presented to Section G
of A.N.Z.A.A.S. Meeting, Canberra, January 1954,
pp. 29, 5 appendices roneoedd).
The index shows a 5 % increase in production between
1945-46 and 1951-52 or 46% (due to recession) in i952-53.
Some major objections to the compilation of such an
index are discussed such as the use of secondary indi-
cators for assessing changes in quantity. A frequent
change in the base year will overcome many objections.
The sources of the lecturer's data were annual produc-
tion Bulletins-Secondary Industry, Manufacturing In-
dustry Series, and monthly Production Statistics. The
former two sources result in an historical index because
of the time-lag in publication. The coverage is for most
years about 65% of the base year (1947-48) value of pro-
duction, for 1945-46 56%, for 1952-53 (only monthly
statistics) no more than 30%. The coverage differs much
according to tariff classes and subclasses. Indexes are
given per class and subclass, a comparison between
annual and monthly data is made and movements in
individual series (durable consumer goods, investment
goods, housing and construction goods, materials and
containers, non-durable consumer goods) are shown.
They hardly fit in with the pattern of a "milk-bar"
economy.
A summary of this paper has been published in the
Economic Record, May 1954, pp. 89-98.

2952. The Measurement of Australian Industrial Pro-
duction. W. E. G. Salter. University of Western
Australia Press, 1954, pp. 63.
The first part of this study classifies the possible
errors in an index of industrial production. It starts
with basic formula difficulties as they can arise through
changes in the quantity of goods, in tastes and in the
value of money. A chapter on method compares pro-
duction as a flow of goods (measure of the value of
final completion) with production as activity (net output









at fixed prices), and discusses output, input and em-
ployment indicators and their respective errors, also
weighting errors. Depreciation and minor services (in-
surance, mail) cannot be allowed for in the index. In
conclusion the problems and various types of indicators,
the possibility of sampling and data for indicators are
investigated in more detail. Part II is an examination of
the author's trial index of Australian manufacturing
production p.a. from 1945-46 to 1949-50 (base year
1946-47) excluding repair work and newspaper and
periodical industry. For testing the results the time-
reversal test, a sample index and tests of reliability are
used.

2953. Investment in Development Projects. G. O. Gut-
man. Paper presented to Section G of A.N.Z.A.A.S.
Meeting, Canberra, January 1954, pp. 35 roneoedd).
The problem is discussed in its specific Australian set-
ting. Among the basic criteria of investment decisions
the fiscal view (effect of investment on income and em-
ployment in the short run) and the banker's view (em-
phasizing the self-liquidating nature of the investment)
are not applicable. Economic development is dynamic,
an attempt to alter the existing market structure, so that
marginal value judgments are not adequate criteria.
Indivisibilities and external economies, both making
for increasing returns, are concepts for analysing the
process of expansion. There are project costs, associated
costs and secondary costs. Policy criteria to be used in
Australia are an immigration programme and easing of
the balance of payments problems. The measurement of
project benefits is separated from their valuation, price
factors from non-price factors (time and rate of interest,
risk and uncertainty). An analysis of the secondary ef-
fects of development includes sectors on external
economies from increased production with stationary
population and on population changes.

2954. Full Cost Pricing in Western Australian Manu-
facturing Firms. A. C. Cook and E. W. Jones.
Paper presented to Section G of A.N.Z.A.A.S.
Meeting, Canberra, January 1954, pp. 8
roneoedd).
A report about an enquiry conducted by questioning
executives of a sample of 21 W.A. firms of smaller and
medium size engaged in various manufacturing activi-
ties. The policy of fixing prices at "full average cost",
as described by P. W. S. Andrews, R. L. Hall and C. J.
Hitch, has been adopted by W.A. manufacturers with
some modifications. They add to costs of materials plus
direct labour costs per unit of output a percentage gross
margin covering selling and administrative costs and
net profit. Questions of costs accounting are discussed,
mainly how management reconciles expected with actual
gross profit. For cost computation marginal cost con-
stancy is assumed. Most entrepreneurs charge "what the
market will bear". Most executives interviewed plan
considerable expansion in output. Most of them think
that rising money wage rates must be passed on to the
buyers.

2955. New South Wales Traders' Protection Association,
1923-44. G. A. J. Simpson-Lee. Economic Record,
pp. 231-44, November 1953.
The Traders' Protection Association (T.P.A.) was set
up in 1923, after a co-operative buying group had been
smashed by wholesalers in a price-cutting war in sugar.
The T.P.A. included representatives of retail grocers
(the most important group), wholesalers and manufac-
turers, since 193o also chain store grocers and co-
operatives. In the field of price maintenance the T.P.A.
had very little success. The Fair Trading Association
was established by T.P.A. to combat price cutting


through chain stores by way of listing proprietary
articles, whose prices should be protected, i.e., not
undercut. It was supported by wholesalers, but not by
manufacturers, and, therefore, failed. This was due to
the weak monopolistic position of the independent
grocers and to the structure of the trade which is in-
creasingly affected by chain stores. In conclusion the
P.T.A. attitude to business ethics is analysed.

(b) Individual Industries
2956. Income Trends in Woolgrowing. H. G. McConnell.
Quarterly Review of Agricultural Economics, pp.
25-31, January 1954.
Field studies have been carried out in four woolgrow-
ing areas, two with high rainfall (A.C.T. and Armidale
district in N.S.W.) and two semi-arid (Central-West
Queensland and Western Division, N.S.W.), and wool-
growers' income figures have become available from
1947-48 to 1951-52. Income trends depend on changes
in returns, cost and interest allowances. Returns are
shown in these five years in the four districts by analys-
ing wool prices, wool production and returns other
than from wool (mainly sale of surplus sheep). In
the section on costs operating expenses (prices of
hired labour, materials and services), are investigated.
Interest on capital investment is also included, although
in practice the woolgrower owns most of the capital him-
self. Labour-management income rose from ioo in
1947-48 to levels between 432 and 641 in 1950-51, but fell
to levels of 113 to 164, because wool prices fell heavily,
but costs rose.

2957. Beef Industry in Northern Australia. D. B.
Williams and J. H. Kelly. Economic Record,
pp. i89-21o, November 1953.
Of Australia's estimated 1953 cattle population of
io*5m., 5'4m. are in Queensland, Im. in the N.T. and
Im. in the Kimberleys. Part II of the article (environ-
ment of the North) deals with high and low rainfall
country, the integration of major regions (store cattle,
breeding and fattening areas), cattle movement. Part III
(management systems and problems) discusses the-
rather inadequate-open range system, water supplies,
fencing, pest control, housing, management and invest-
ment in individual properties-the maximum size of an
efficient holding varies according to regions from 4,000
to io,ooo heads of cattle-; potential for increased pro-
duction. Part IV (public policies in the North) examines
land tenure (perpetual leasehold seems the best), rail-
ways (an East-west communication is recommended),
and taxation.

2958. Beef Production in North-Eastern New South
Wales. J. H. Kelly and W. F. Owen. Review of
Marketing and Agricultural Economics, pp. 7-27,
March 1954.
The first of a series of regional studies of N.S.W. beef
production, concerning the so-called survey region A,
the most specialised beef cattle area in the state, ex-
tending 320 miles south from the Queensland border and
60-80 miles wide from east to west. In March 1953 the
region contained about 600,000 head of beef stock, about
I of the state total. The first part of the study is a
general description of the region, its topography and
soils, carrying capacities (one beast to 3 up to 50 acres),
the three sub-regions of which the northernmost is
cattle tick infested, the southernmost mainly a fatten-
ing area, while the two northern sub-regions produce
chiefly stores for fattening elsewhere. Section 2-Des-
cription of the Beef Cattle Enterprise-deals among
other matters with herd size:(8% of the holding ran
more than 300 head, but carried 51% of the total),








market outlets, pests and restrictions on cattle move-
ments. Section 3: Improvement Status of Holdings ex-
amines water supplies, mineral deficiencies, pasture im-
provement.

2959. (a) Clothing Consumption Survey. Bureau of
Agricultural Economics, Canberra, 1953. Report
No. I: Description of the Survey and Garment
Analysis, pp. 151 roneoedd). Reports No. 2: New
South Wales; No. 3: Victoria; No. 4: Queens-
land; No. 5: South Australia; No. 6: Western
Australia; No. 7: Tasmania. Reports No. 2-7,
pp. 98 roneoedd) each.
(b) Ashton, L. S. (ed.). Australian Clothing Con-
sumption Survey. General Report, 1954 cf., pp. 82.
(a) This survey wants to investigate the causes of
shifts in the demand for apparel wool and to provide
information on consumers' clothing habits and the in-
fluence of various factors (climate, level of income,
occupation, marital status and age of consumer) on
that demand. Report No. i gives a general description
of the survey, sets out the technique employed and
presents a statistical analysis of adults' garments for
all states as to numbers possessed, acquisition in the
last twelve months before the survey, estimated lasting
time, classified by age, income, domicile, etc. The survey
was conducted from May 195o to February 1951. iooo
individuals were questioned in each state (N.S.W. in-
cluding A.C.T., the N.T. was omitted): 400 adult males,
400 adult females, Ioo children over 2 years of each
sex. The control over stratification according to domicile,
age, marital status was done by consulting the 1947
census statistics. Average weights and prices of gar-
ments were obtained from 16 leading retailers in each
capital city. Reports Nos. 2-7 contain tables for each
state separately, e.g. about garment analysis of adult
males, dependents, occupation, etc. with short comments.
(b) This is a summary of the seven reports ((a) 1-7),
which is designed for general circulation while the seven
detailed reports are suitable mainly for research
workers.

(C) Monetary Policy, Banking, Insurance
2960. Lengyel, S. J. International Insurance Trans-
actions. Insurance in the Balance-of Payments.
Faculty Economics and Commerce, University
of Melbourne (Wadley and Ginn, London), 1953,
pp. 139.
Part I of this book contains chapters on definition of
terms, presentation and scope, on the forms of inter-
national insurance transactions: through branches and
agencies, direct transactions, insurance on international
transportation of merchandise, international business
through subsidiaries, international reinsurance business.
Chapter 4 on methods of calculation of the indebtedness
in insurance stresses the peculiarities of insurance ac-
counting compared with accounting of manufacturing
and the inadequacy of Government statistics on inter-
national insurance. Chapter 5 (Trends in the Balances
of International Insurance Transactions) includes
sections on Europe, U.S., the British Commonwealth
overseas and Latin America. Only U.K. and Switzer-
land are earning through international insurance
transactions, 4 countries: Denmark, Italy, N.Z. and
possibly France balance their accounts, all other
countries outside the Soviet orbit have adverse balances.
Part 2 presents calculations for 52 countries, in-
cluding Australia (fA34m. debit balance p.a.) and N.Z.
2961. (a) Reflections on the Sterling Area. R. J. White-
law. Paper read to A.N.Z.A.A.S. Meeting, January
1954, Canberra, pp. 23 roneoedd).


(b) Comments on this paper. R. F. Holder. (pp. 2
roneoedd).
(c) Comments. J. O. N. Perkins, pp. 2 roneoedd).
Dr Whitelaw's paper is concerned with the trade
pattern underlying the Sterling area institution. In a
section on Empire complementarity he stresses that there
are more natural resources per head in the outer Stg.
area except India and in U.K., but more capital and
skill in U.K. The outer Stg. area is now continuously
increasing as market for U.K. exports and source of U.K.
imports, while U.K. is decreasing as market for exports
of the rest of the Empire and as source of its imports.
Another section deals with multilateralism of the Stg.
area in connection with convertibility, and the case for
and against discrimination. Discriminatory quantitative
restrictions promote a greater size of world trade than
undiscriminatory import cuts would do. An argument
against discrimination is the change of the trade pattern
between consumer goods, materials of production, and
machinery and equipment.
Mr Holder considers the concept of Empire com-
plementarity and Australia's development of secon-
dary industry as basis for useful discussion. Mr Perkins
criticizes the "essentiality" of production as a vague
concept. The calculation would be very different if we
grouped U.K. and the $-earning colonies together and
the rest of the Stg. area separately.

(D) Public Finance
2962. Campbell, W. J. State Public Finance. Law Book
Company of Australasia, 1954, pp. xi, 311.
The author of this book, who is Auditor-General of
N.S.W., deals mainly with financial theory and practice,
as followed in N.S.W., but with some consideration of
other states and the Federal-State financial relationship.
The first 5 of its 19 chapters examine the constitutional
basis of State finance, financial administration, the
budget system, expenditure accountability and financial
reporting, accounting practice (Treasury funds, expendi-
ture and revenue accounting). This is followed by
chapters on State taxes (stamp and death duties), fees
and charges, territorial revenue (land and mining),
Federal grants including income tax reimbursement
grants, the nature of State expenditure including those
on social order and assistance to local government, con-
servation of natural resources (forests, water and soil)
public officers retirement systems, public debt. (financial
agreement with Commonwealth), statutory corporations
in State finances, State business activities, transport
finance (railways, harbours, etc.), public highways and
their finances. The last three chapters are concerned
with promotion of community housing, rural finances
(Rural Bank) and closer settlement. The Financial
Agreement 1927-44 is printed in an appendix.
2963. The Problem of Federal Finance. S. J. Butlin.
Presidential Address to Section G of A.N.Z.A.A.S.
Meeting, Canberra 1954. Economic Record, pp.
7-18, May 1954.
Federal Finance is neither a problem of finance nor of
federalism. This is shown in uniform taxation which
worked well during the war, but not later when the
brakes on expenditure were removed. The return of
taxing power to the states was not even accepted by
them. The stage of federalism in our political develop-
ment is practically over. The arguments of 50 years
ago-distance and difficulty of communication-are no
longer valid. New-state movements are not federalism,
but a reaction against centralisation, and "state rights"
are another name for institutional and occupational in-
terests. The lecturer is against a convention for re-
writing the constitution. Commonwealth pre-eminence








on the raising of revenue is a fact, as to expenditure
taxation is increasingly used as instrument of economic
policy, and that can only be used by the Commonwealth,
not the states. The only possible progress is to devise pro-
cedures how far the Commonwealth should contribute
to state spending on specific activities.

(F) Transport and Communications
2964. Report of the Victorian Railway Commissioner
for the Year ended 30 June 1953. P. P. Govern-
ment Printer, Melbourne, pp. 70. Price 4s. 3d.
Although the recession brought about a 1-4%
decline in the goods and livestock ton mileage and
the motor car competition a slight reduction of
passenger traffic, the increase of freights and fares in
August 1952 by an average of about 35% and further
increases by 20-25% of the freights of certain goods
from i June 1953 were responsible for a rise of the
revenue to 33,801,ooo (26,208,000 in 1951-52), while
the working expenses rose to 34,260,000 (29,808,000).
Thus the deficit on current operations sank from
3,141,ooo to 459,000, while the deficit including in-
terest, etc. sank from 5,949,000 to 2,892,000. Important
was the introduction of steel-proof containers of 5t tons
for house to house transport from Melbourne to Sydney.
The staff position and the railways' capacity for traffic
have improved. 15 Diesel electric locomotives are now
in service (of 26 ordered) and 9 of 25 electric locomotives
ordered. The duplication and electrification of the
Gippsland line is proceeding.

2965. Annual Report of the South Australian Railways
Commissioner for Year 1952-53. Government
Printer, Adelaide, pp. 5o.
Higher freights and fares in force since i January
and i June 1952 raised the revenue by 2,150,000, more
than offsetting wages and costs of materials increases by
1,807,000oo. Although the State contribution to increased
working costs was reduced from 4,250,000 to 4,050,000
there was an operational surplus of 560,ooo compared
with a deficit of 144,00ooo in the preceding year. N.S.W.
coal was amply available, but of poor quality so that
oil had still to be used as fuel. The price of heavy fuel
oil dropped; more locomotives were brought into service.
Gauge widening in the S.E. was extended.

(G) Labour and Industrial Relations
2966. Labor Law (A Study issued by the University of
Virginia, U.S.A.). Chapter on Australian Law
contributed by O. de R. Foenander, pp. 14-17.
The chapter of Professor Foenander is a statement in
explanation of the theory, constitutional basis, character
and general application of the Australian law (Com-
monwealth and State) with reference to the regula-
tion of industrial relations between management and
labour unions.

2967. (a)Wage Adjustments and Inflation. J. V. T.
Baker. Paper presented to Section G of
A.N.Z.A.A.S. Meeting, Canberra 1954, pp. 22
roneoedd).
(b) A Comment on "Wage Adjustments and
Inflation". S. E. Chernick. pp. 4 roneoedd).
(c) Comments on Baker's Paper. G. G. Firth, pp.
3 roneoedd).
Mr Baker investigates whether the granting of wage
increases, when there is inflationary pressure, will add
to that pressure. He assumes full employment, no change
in terms of trade and a greater propensity to consume
of wage earners than of other income earners. He dis-


tinguishes cases when wage adjustment (a) increases
more than proportionately, (b) proportionately to profits,
(c) when wages remain constant. In case (a) wage in-
creases may well reduce the inflationary effects of price
rises, in cases (b) and (c) a wage increase will probably
add to the inflationary effects. Wage adjustments larger
than can be justified according to price changes will
aggravate inflationary pressures.
Mr Chernick sees the main defect of Baker's study in
the lack of a period analysis. Inflation is a dynamic
process and a static model is not appropriate to its ex-
amination. Baker's analysis is based on a form of the
investment profits relation which is quite unrealistic.
Professor Firth criticizes Baker's algebra, particu-
larly the apparent independence of (exogenous) wages
and prices and the vagueness of "dating" of variables.
Baker's model represents a closed economy with
elastic money supply and without mention of govern-
ment expenditure, while in an open monetary economy
wage increases might be much more potentially dis-
inflationary.

2968. The Control of Employer-Employee Relationships
in Australia. O. de R. Foenander. Twentieth
Century, Melbourne, pp. 20-28, Spring 1953.
This article points out the differences between State
and Commonwealth industrial power and stresses that
the intervention of legal authority in industrial relations
has come to stay in Australia, although there is some
dissatisfaction with the machinery of intervention. The
restriction of the Commonwealth industrial power to
disputes concerning at least two states, the fact that
Commonwealth Court awards cannot be made a common
rule, discrepancies between state and Federal awards
and the lack of co-ordination between Conciliation Com-
missioners would be a matter for constitutional or legal
reform. When delays occur, the unions are the chief
sufferers. The unions' attitude to higher productivity
and to incentive payments should be changed, but
managerial efficiency should also be improved. Public
opinion should co-operate, awards ought to be extended
to rural workers, and industrial law should be free of
political interference.


AGRICULTURE, LAND AND RURAL
PROBLEMS
2969. Report on the Agricultural Extension Services in
the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area r952. pp. 52.
Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Canberra.
The Report sets out the history of these Services, their
staffing and their cost. Part II gives the results of a field
survey in which interviewers who visited Io% of the
farms in the area and recorded many details of occu-
pancy, tenure effectiveness of farming, reaction to
various types of extension propaganda. On the smaller
holdings, mainly used for fruit and vegetable produc-
tion, the data for farms managed by Australians and
those managed by Italians are kept separate.

2970. Eighteenth Annual Report of the Australian Meat
Board for year ended 30 June 1953. pp. 171.
This report reviews the operations of the Board and
gives concise accounts of the meat markets in Australia
and Britain, and of the statistical position of the in-
dustry which is now producing more than ever before.
The obstacles to progress, such as insufficient and ex-
pensive transport are stressed. Schemes of development
which should lead to further expansion are briefly des-
cribed. An account is given of the research work to
which the Board has contributed funds.








SOCIAL CONDITIONS

(A) Housing
2971. 17th Annual Report of the South Australian
Housing Trust for Year Ended 30 June 1953.
Government Printer, Adelaide, 1953, pp. 22.
During 1952-53 the Trust has completed 4,127 houses
(3,119 in the previous year). Of these only 332 were
of the temporary emergency type (751). The average
delay in providing brick or stone houses for sale has
been cut to 9 months, in the case of imported timber
houses there is no delay at all. Finance has become
more difficult, but the Trust borrowed 750,00ooo on
debentures in 1953, and the Government will now
participate in the Commonwealth-State Housing Agree-
ment. Building costs have risen by 1o% in 1952-53. 642
double-unit and 84 single-unit rental houses have
been completed in the metropolitan area, also 44 flats,
and 859 single-unit houses for sale. In the country 460
houses for letting and houses for sale in 46 towns have
been completed.

(B) Social Security and Public Health
2972. Cost and Financing of Social Security Cash Bene-
fits in New Zealand. L. V. Castle. Paper presented
to Section G of A.N.Z.A.A.S. Meeting, Canberra,
January 1954, pp. 23 roneoedd).
Twenty-five years ago outlay on cash benefits was 3%
of national income and io% of current government
expenditure, today it is 8-4 and 30%. After a historical
outline the changes in costs and the financing of the
cash benefits are discussed. The lecturer then investigates
the proportion of the dependent (old age and under age)
population and estimates future proportions up to 1972.
The benefits are a transfer of income from one section of
the population to the other. As long as the proportion of
national income taken in taxation and redistributed is
small, the real costs of social benefits, both the initial
costs and secondary effects, are small. In addition there
are opportunity costs in diversion of resources and in-
creasing disutilities through rising of the proportion of
national income transferred to social benefits.

(D) Population and Migration
2973. New and Old Australians. W. D. Borrie. Chapter
of "Taking Stock", Aspects of Mid-Century Life
in Australia. Ed. by W. V. Aughterson. F. W.
Cheshire, Melbourne 1953, pp. 169-86.
After a short survey of pre-war and post-war immi-
gration and the national background of the migrants
the author discusses the problem of assimilation of the
non-British migrants. The pre-war settlement of non-
British groups: German and Italians and their adapta-
tion to the Australian environment is briefly sketched.
Economic absorption of these minorities was not always
accompanied by social and cultural absorption. Different
from the past, the government is now actively con-
cerned with assimilation problems which are more im-
portant because of the greater number of migrants in-
volved. Temporary retention of some national traits of
the New Australians is not necessarily bad, only the
migrants' children can become fully assimilated. A
spirit of tolerance is needed on both sides, assimilation
is a two-way process.

2974. The Family. W. D. Borrie. Chapter II of "The
Australian Way of Life. G. Caiger (Ed.), William
Heinemann Ltd., 1953, pp. 23-44.
The author discusses the statistical composition of the
family, the reduction of its size in Australia as in most


western countries, the differential between economic
groups, the extra-metropolitan family (rural areas and
extra-metropolitan towns) which is also declining in
size, but is still larger than the metropolitan family.
In the metropolitan family class distinctions with
their influence on the size of the family are more marked
than in the country. A number of social services have
been introduced relating to the family. The social atti-
tude of parents and of the community to the family has
changed. The divorce rate has increased. This and some
other features shows the loosening of our family ties.

GEOGRAPHY
2975. Browne, G. S. and Harper N. D. Our Pacific
Neighbours. F. W. Cheshire, 1953, pp. 377. Price
I5.s
The history, social and economic development, and
the present position of N.Z., U.S.A., Philippines, China,
Japan, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Ceylon, Malaya, Indo-
China, Burma, Siam, Fiji, Nauru, and Hawaii are dis-
cussed from the Australian point of view; there is also
a chapter on New Guinea, Australia's changing econ-
omy, and a concluding chapter on Conflict or Co-
operation, dealing with the Korean war and the conse-
quences of Australia's geographical position. "Geo-
graphically Australia is next door to Asia and our
destiny as a nation is irretrievably conditioned by what
takes place in Asia." A great number of maps, dia-
grams and illustrations.-E.J.D.

2976. Ford, E. and Rowe, B. The Rural Scene. Angus
and Robertson, 1953, pp. 170. Price 2is.
This is an economic geography with chapters on Sub-
sistence Hunting and Fishing, Nomadic Herding, Sub-
sistence Agriculture, Commercial Livestock Ranching
in America and Australia, Commercial Grain-Farming
in America and Australia, Livestock and Crop Farming
in the Corn Belt of U.S.A., Cotton in U.S.A., and Soil
Erosion and Soil Conservation in Australia; the dairy-
ing and sugar industries in Australia are dealt with at
length, and likewise Market Gardening in N.S.W. and
Victoria and Irrigation and Rice-Growing in S.E.
Australia. 136 maps, diagrams, map summaries, sketch
plans and cross-sections showing the relation of land-
forms, soil types and land use.-E.J.D.
2977. Hurley, P. J. In Search of Australia. Dymocks
Book Arcade Ltd. 1953, pp. 140.
A great number of brief chapters dealing with Aus-
tralian life and history, with special emphasis on land-
scape, wildflowers, forests, birds, animals, farming activi-
ties and aboriginals. Numerous full page illustrations.
-E.J.D.
2978. Fitzpatrick, E. A. Probability Analysis of Rainfall
Factors in Drought in New South Wales. Rural
Bank of New South Wales, Sydney, 1933, pp. 54
roneoedd).
After a brief survey of literature the author, follow-
ing methods developed by Blumenstock defines as "dry
spell" a period terminated by at least 25 points of rain
during 48 hours, and determines for a great number of
stations in N.S.W. the probability of any day of the
year belonging to a dry spell. From this "basic proba-
bility" the probabilities of dry spells of different length
are determined. It is found that their frequency is in
accordance with random behaviour. A "wet spell" is de-
fined as a period during which in each 48 hours at
least 25 points of rain are recorded. From the mean
rainfall per wet spell the probability of wet spells with
specified amounts of rainfall can be established. Maps
and graphs allow to determine the probabilities of dry








spells of different length and of wet spells of different
intensity. The results of this statistical paper are applic-
able in agriculture, hydrology, soil conservation, meteo-
rology and drought insurance.-F.L.

2979. Australian Experiments on Artificial Stimulation
of Rainfall. E. G. Bowen. Journal of the Australian
Institute of Agricultural Science, pp. 18-23, March
1954.
About ioo experiments led to the conclusion that with
suitable cloud conditions it is fairly certain that seeding
with dry ice produces rain which would not otherwise
have fallen. These conditions are defined by cloud top
temperature and cloud thickness. Silver iodide requires
lower temperature and is less effective. With cloud tem-
peratures above freezing point water drop spraying is
also promising. The limit of the possible increase in
annual rainfall in S.E. Australia might be 5-so% which
might be useful in marginal parts of the southern wheat
belt or might substantially increase the available water
near the end of the runoff.-F.L.

HISTORY
2980. Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society,
Vol. XXXIX, Part V, pp. 217-74, December 1953.
(a) G. H. Nadel translates and comments upon a series
of letters written from N.S.W. by a group of German
rural labourers who migrated there in 1849. The general
tone of the letters is enthusiastic: Australia is a land
without taxes, bullying masters, or poverty. If a man
works hard he can save, and ultimately buy his own
land. Here is evidence that the hopes of at least some
migrants were satisfied.
(b) R. W. Glassford writes with knowledge and affec-
tion of various notable ships that have ended their days
in Australian waters.
(c) Commander W. E. May extracts and describes the
log-books written by Matthew Flinders, when lieutenant
of the "Reliance", 1796-1800. The article serves the pur-
pose of indicating the considerable quantity of such
manuscripts extant at either Greenwich or the Public
Record Office, but these particular documents would
seem to be important only for the historian seeking to
verify rather minute points of detail.

LAW

(A) Constitutional Law
2981. The Divisibility of the Crown. W. E. Cuppaidge.
Australian Law Journal, pp. 594-601, February
1954.
This article deals with a vexed question in Australian
Constitutional Law: Is the Crown a unity operating
through different agencies, namely the State and Federal
Governments, or is the Crown, as representing those
bodies, to be regarded as several juristic persons? The
discussion is prompted by the recent High Court de-
cision of Commonwealth of Australia and Common-
wealth of Australia and Commonwealth Hostels Ltd. v.
Bogle, Clarke and Boreham, and reviews a number of
earlier decisions leading up to this. The writer finds
great difficulty in extracting from the decisions any
clear guiding principle, but favours the view that the
unity of the Crown is the basic rule, to be departed
from only when a statute, as a matter of interpretation,
clearly requires such a departure.

(B) International
2982. Australia and the Continental Shelf. Australian
Law Journal, pp. 458-61, November 1953.


This article deals with the two recent Commonwealth
Proclamations of sovereign rights over the continental
shelf and the parallel amending Act of the Common-
wealth Parliament-the Pearl Fisheries Act (No. 2) 1953.
In particular it considers the Proclamations and Act in
the light of a Report on the Regime of the High Seas
adopted in August 1953 by the International Law Com-
mission of the United Nations. It summarizes the Pro-
clamations and legislation and shows that they are
substantially in accordance with the U.N. Report and
with international practice.
(C) General
2983. Australian Views on "Last Opporunity" con-
sidered. G. H. L. Fridman. Australian Law Jour-
nal, pp. 451-54, November 1953.
In spite of the introduction of apportionment of lia-
bility in cases of contributory negligence, and in spite
of judicial dicta to the contrary, there is still scope for
the "last opportunity" rule in such cases. This article
deals with the consideration which the rule has re-
ceived in Australia, particularly in the recent High
Court decision of Alford v. Magee. The two main prin-
ciples deduced from this and earlier decisions are that
the rule is a useful test to be applied in particular
circumstances rather than a rule of law; and that the
basis of the rule is that there are cases where the posi-
tions of the plaintiff and defendant at the material time
are so different that it would be unfair to regard the
plaintiff as being in any real sense responsible for the
harm he has suffered.

PSYCHOLOGY
2984. The Frames of Reference used by Immigrant and
Australian Children in Mutual Judgments. Ron-
ald Taft and A. F. Bownes. Australian Journal of
Psychology, pp. o15-17, December 1953.
A study of frames of reference used by Australian and
immigrant children in judging themselves and one
another, was carried out on 203 school-boys aged 12-14
years. Twenty bi-polar traits from Tryon's "Guess Who"
questionnaire were administered along with a Socio-
metric technique. The resultant pattern of qualities
favouring the accepted over the rejected children indi-
cated that frames of reference were very similar, the
least resemblance being that between immigrants' frame
of reference used in judging themselves and that they
used in judging Australians. This suggested that "the
immigrants, more strongly than the Australians, tend
to allocate different roles to the two groups". It was
pointed out that the interactionist conception of assimi-
lation adopted proved of value.
2985. University Selection: Some Psychological and
Educational Factors. C. Sanders. Australian Jour-
nal of Psychology, pp. 118-32. December 1953.
The progress of research and opinion on University
selection in Britain, Australia and New Zealand is re-
viewed, and the results of a considerable body of work
are presented. Although the matriculation examinations
of the British type have weaknesses, objective measures
-intelligence aptitude and ability tests -are not neces-
sarily any better, although they have functioned use-
fully on scholastically heterogeneous populations. Some
comments are made about a dichotomy of scholastic
ability at University entrance, the relative intelligence
levels of younger and mature age students, and the pos-
sibility of economizing intellectual effort by the use of
more concrete procedures in mathematics and science.
In addition there is evidence for the need for more
student guidance. The author quotes 77 relevant refer-
ences.








2986. Principles of Experimentation. R. A. Champion.
Australian Journal of Psychology, pp. 146-53,
December 1953.
"The principles of experimentation most intimately
related to design methods and statistical inferences are
those of control, error-estimation and generalization.
Control may be exercised through constancy or varia-
bility, the latter form involving, in turn, either ran-
domization (with replication) or ordered variability.
Error, defined as any controlled variation in a dependent
variable other than that caused by an independent
variable, is estimated through replication and ran-
domization and provides a basis for testing a null
hypothesis. The possibilities of generalization from data
depend upon the representativeness of the variables in-
volved, achieved with sampling methods and factorial
design."

2987. A Survey of Public Opinion in Relation to the
University. Marjorie N. Donald. Publications in
Psychology, No. 4, Dept. of Psychology Victoria


University College, Wellington, N.Z., pp. 93 and
XXIV appendices, 1953.
This public opinion survey was carried out in Wel-
lington with the assistance of second and third year
Social Psychology students. It involved the personal
interviewing of a sample of 404 subjects from four
occupational groups, three age groups and both sexes.
The degree of relationship of the occupational groups to
the University and the length of local residence was
established. The interviews, consisting of 27 questions,
covered the following areas: Who should enter Uni-
versity? What is the function of University training?
What is the value placed on a University trained person?
Where should cost be placed? What are the opinions on
extra-curricular activities? Opinions about the students?
What is the public interest in the college? The results
were analysed on punched cards, and the opinion trends
are set out and broken up by occupational groups (and
degree of relationship with University) age and sex. The
general finding was that a "strong favourable attitude
towards the University" prevails in the community.











INDEX TO Nos. 16 AND 17


A
Aboriginal Children, Educability, 2761.
Aboriginal Stone Industries, 2790.
Aborigines, Material Culture, Sociology, 2691.
Aborigines in Government Settlement, 2923.
Aborigines, Tribal and Intertribal Marriage, 2691.
Academic Success, Prediction of, 2755.
Accounting and Management, University Education,
2555-
Accounting, Debatable Issues, 2556
Accounts, Publication of, 2554.
Adam, L., 2790.
Adamson, Shirley, 2861.
Adaptation to School and Family, 2924.
Adaptation to Work, 2913.
Adjustment of Delinquent Children, 2925.
Administration, Australian, 2867.
Adolescents and Radio Programmes, 2773.
Adolescents at School, 2772.
Adolescents Survey, 2749.
Aesthetic Preferences, 2909.
Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, 2702.
Agricultural Extension Services, 2969.
Agriculture, 2524, 2527.
Agriculture, Increased Productivity, 2577.
Agriculture, Native in New Guinea, 2577.
Alexander, F., 2791.
Alexander, G. I., 2589.
Allard, G. L., 2554.
Anderson, D. S., 2661.
Anderson, J., 2654.
Andrews, J., 2904.
Animal Husbandry, 2619.
Appleyard, R. T., 2698.
Archives, Public in N.S.W., 2819.
Arithmetic, Difficulties, 2751.
Arndt, H. W., 2505, 2548, 2699.
Arnhem Land, 2666, 2676, 2689, 2783.
Art, Primitive, 2790.
Assimilation of British Migrants, 2927.
Assimilation of Immigrants, 2608, 2675, 2685, 2694, 2923.
Atkinson, L. H., 2560.
Audas, J. W., 2620.
Australia, 2517, 2524, 2540, 2608, 2621, 2629, 2977.
Australia and New Zealand, Relations, 2845.
Australian Cultural Landscape, 2786.
Australian History, 2810.
Australian Nationalism, 2812.
Australian Workers Union, 2812.
Authority and Control, 2501.
Averaging Costs, 2507.
Aviation, Australian Commercial, 2561.

B
Baddeley, F., 2760.
Badger, D. G., 2542.
Bailey, J. D., 2732.
Baker, J. V. T., 2967.
Balance of Payments, 2542, 2722.
Ball, W. Macmahon, 2884.
Ballingall, C. Mrs, 2668, 2680.
Banking, 2540.
Bankruptcy Law, 2872.
Barback, R. M., 2700.
Barnard, A., 2701.
Barnard, W., 2852.
Barnes, A. C., 2622.
Barrau, J., 2576.


Barrett, Lennard G. T., 2905.
Barrett Leonard, G. T., 2905.
Bate, W. A., 2792.
Bathurst Islanders, 2686.
Bauer, F. H., 2776.
Beef Cattle Research, 2588.
Beef Production, 2957, 2958.
Bell, J. H., 2669.
Belshaw, C. S., 2670.
Belshaw, J. P., 2702.
Benjafield, D. G., 2867.
Bennett, A. L., 2644.
Beresford, H. B., 2744.
Berndt, Catherine, 2666.
Berndt, R. M., 2666.
Biblical Criticism and Historical Method, 2795.
Birrell, M., 2885.
Black, H. D., 2513.
Bladen, A. F., 2672.
Blainey, G., 2793.
Bland, F. A., 2552.
Board, Peter, 2750.
Bodley, E. A., 2664.
Boehm, E. A., 2703.
Bohringer, L. G., 2868, 2872.
Bolton, G. C., 2794.
Borchardt, D. H., 2693.
Borrie, W. D., 2606, 2607, 2608, 2694, 2923, 2924.
Boulton, E. A., 2522, 2523.
Bowen, E. G., 2979.
Bray, B., 2571.
Brett, P., 2866, 2907.
Brighton, Victoria, 2792.
British and American Relations in Far East, 2829.
British New Guinea Administration, 2820.
British Policies in Asia, 2829.
Bromley, J., 2673, 2675.
Brown, C. C. B., 2745.
Brown, E., 2908.
Brown, M. S., 2746.
Brown, S. R., 2553.
Brown Coal, 2536.
Browne, G. S., 2975.
Bruns, G. R., 2652.
Bulletin and Australian Nationalism, 2846.
Burdekin Region, 2625.
Burge, I. C., 2747.
Burns, A. L., 2795.
Burridge, K. O. L., 2674, 2680.
Bush Ballad, Australian, 2851.
Butler, I. A., 2519.
Butlin, N. G., 2733.
Butlin, S. J., 2539, 2704, 2734, 2944, 2963.
Butter, 2532, 2587.
Byrt, W. J., 2569.

C
Cadet Training Schemes, 2571, 2572.
Cairns, J. F., 2735.
Calwell, A. A., 2606.
Camden Harbour, 2798.
Cameron, B., 2509, 2705.
Campbell, K. 0., 2577.
Campbell, W. J., 2962.
Canadian Sectionalism, 2824.
Canberra, 2622.
Canegrowing, 2593, 2622.
Capitalism, 2503.








Capital Market, Australian, 2649, 2739, 2942.
Castle, L. W., 2972.
Catholic Education, 2752.
Central Highlands, New Guinea, 2687, 2860.
Cerebral Palsied Children, Intelligence Test, 2922.
Champion, R. A., 2655, 2986.
Chapman, K. McD., 2886.
Cheek, B. M., 2706.
Chernick, S. E., 2967.
Chifley, J. B., 2887.
Child-Parent Relationships, Disturbances, 2917.
Child Rearing, 2904.
Child Research, 2918.
Children, S.A. Laws Relating to, 2933.
Children's Minds' Contents, 2916.
Chinese Communism, 2863.
Chinese Early Contacts with Australia, 2853.
Christesen, Nina, 2796.
Church and State, 2638, 2894.
Church of England in Victoria, 2801.
Cities and Townships in Queensland, 2779.
Clark, Colin, 2548.
Clark, C. M. H., 2633, 2797.
Clarke, A. C., 2568.
Clarke, V. A., 2704.
Clements, F. W., 2930.
Clerical and Shorthand Aptitude, 2613.
Clothing Consumption, 2959.
Coates, T. H., 2748, 2775.
Cochrane, D., 2939, 2940.
Colour Form Attitudes, 2556.
Commonwealth Defence Power, 2643.
Commonwealth Grants Commission, 2547.
Commonwealth Powers, 2644.
Commonwealth-State Financial Relations, 2549.
Communism Referendum 1951, 2902.
Community Income, 2721.
Company Legislation Antecedents, 2651.
Compulsory Labour Regulation, 2880.
Congalton, A. A., 2516.
Connell, W. F., 2749.
Consumer Credit, 2505.
Continental Shelf in Australia, 2982.
Conveyancing, Law of, 2878.
Cook, A. C., 2707, 2717, 2954.
Copland, Sir D., 2501.
Copra Industry, 2534.
Copyright in Proceedings Reports, 2650.
Corporations, Forerunners of, 2652.
Cost, Australia and Britain, 2563.
Costs and Prices, 2553.
Cotton Crop, Queensland, 2594.
Country Party, 2846.
Cox, F. N., 2662.
Craig, Jean I., 2606, 2675.
Crane, E. R., 2750.
Crawford, R. M., 2798.
Crisp, L. F., 2881.
Crocker, W. R., 2861.
Crop Promotion in New Guinea, 2598.
Crowley, F. K., 2791, 2800.
Crown, Disability of, 2981.
Cumberland, K. B., 2524.
Cuppaidge, W. E., 2981.
Curriculum, Changes in, 2614, 2753.
Curry, N. G., 2801.
Customs Enquiry Papua-New Guinea, 2704.

D
Dairying, 2583-2585, 2772.
Dale, H. P., 2631.
Dallas, K. M., 2736.
Dalton, B. J., 2802.


Darling Downs, 2585.
Davey, C. M., 2933.
Davidson, J. W., 2855.
Deaf Group, Behaviour, 2918.
Deafness and Maternal Rubella, 2881.
Deakin, 2799.
Delegated Legislation, Control of, 2600.
Demographic History of Australia, 2694.
Demography of Pacific Islands, 2695.
Dependency Drive, 2662.
Depression of 1930's, Australian Politics, 2886.
Derham, D. P., 2646.
Development Projects, Investment in, 2953.
Diamond, I., 2803.
Displaced Persons Migration in W.A., 2698.
Dissanayaka, K. A., 2751.
Documents in Australian History, 2797.
Dods, L., 2931.
Dominions History and Comparative Method, 2639.
Donald Marjorie N., 2987.
Dried Vine Fruits Industry, 2553.
Drought, Tropical Australia, 2788.
Drus, E., 2856.
Duncan, R., 2737.
Dunsdorfs, E., 2738.
Duntroon, 2632.
E
Ebbels, R. N., 2804.
Economic Changes in Commonwealth, 2511.
Economic Development, 2940.
Economic Development, Government Role, 2724.
Economic History of Australia, 2738.
Economic Institutions, 2938.
Economic Policy, Post-War, 2700.
Economic Recovery, 1894-99, 2742.
Economic Resources, 2515.
Economy, Australian, 2939.
Economy, Australian, Development 1945-50, 2730.
Economy, Origin, 2508.
Education, 2616, 2750, 2772.
Educational Failures, 2746.
Education, Armed Forces, 2617.
Edwards, A. B., 2889.
Eggleston, Sir Frederick, 2603
Electoral Preparations, 2890.
Electricity Supply, 2703.
Elkin, A. P., 2676.
Emigration of Italians to Australia, 2683.
Employer-Employee Relations, 2968.
Encel, S., 2890.
English Civil War and Religious Groups, 2806.
Ethnic Minorities in Australia, 2697.
European Payments Union, 2725.
Evapotranspiration Estimates, 2628.
Experimentation. 2986.
F
Falding, H., 2677.
Family, 2974.
Family, Urban Australian, 2677.
Farm Income Estimation, 2518.
Farm Incomes Stabilisation, 2520.
Farrago, P., 2538.
Fat Lamb Production, 2529, 2530.
Federal Finance, 2963.
Federalism in Australia, Bibliography, 2805.
Federalism in South Australia, 2837.
Federation Movement, Early, 2850.
Feith, H., 2891.
Feudalism in Ancient China, 2852.
Fiji, 2665, 2722, 2856, 2857.
Firth, G. G., 2967.
Fitzgerald, C. P., 2853.








Fitzhardinge, L. F., 2805.
Fitzpatrick, E. A., 2979.
Fletcher, J. B., 2544.
Foenander, O. de R., 2966, 2968.
Fogarty, T. P., 2752.
Ford, A. J. T., 2612.
Ford, E., 2976.
Ford, F., 2806.
Foreign Policy, Australian, 2810.
Foreign Policies of States, Attitudes and Values, 2864.
Forestry, 2958.
Forster, C., 2949.
Foundation, Australian, Commercial Origins, 2936.
French, E. J., 2753.
French Oceania, 2859.
French Positivism, 2842.
Frequency Distribution, 2728.
Freudian Revolution, 2654.
Fridman, G. H. L., 2983.
Fry, E. C., 2807.
Fry, R. G., 2563.
Full Cost Prices Theory, 2506, 2954.

G
Gamba, C., 2945.
Gardner, K. A., 2604.
Garia, 2681.
Gates, R. C., 2708, 2716.
General Independence, 2509.
Gentilli, J., 2628, 2677.
German Rural Labourers' Letters, 2980.
Getzler, I., 2808.
Gibson, Q. B., 2882.
Gifford, J. K., 2510.
Gilding, J. G. F., 2778.
Gillies, F. D., 2524.
Gilson, P., 2857.
Glassford, R. W., 2980.
Goal Setting Behaviour, 2661.
Gogol's Dead Souls, 2796.
Goldfields' Water Supply, W.A., 2791.
Goldie, S. F., 2861.
Gollan, R., 2809.
Gooch, G. J., 2636.
Goodman, R., 2892.
Gordon, Sir Arthur, 2838.
Government, Victorian, 2884.
Grant, J. McB., 2709, 2710, 2734.
Great Britain in Australia, 1919-39, 2843.
Greenhalgh, J. C., 2754.
Greenwood, G., 2810, 2811.
Greenwood, R. H., 2779.
Gregory, C. O., 2575.
Griggs, R. L., 2711.
Grimshaw, C., 2712.
Groote Eylandt, 2692.
Group Interaction, Asian and Australian Students, 2906.
Group Life Insurance and Pension, 2546.
Group Settlement in W.A., 2816.
Group Therapy, 2922.
Groves, M. C., 2640, 2813.
Gruen, F. H., 2530.
Gunning, F. W., 2636.
Gutman, G. 0., 2953.
Gwydir By-Election, 2889.

H
Hagger, A. J., 2941.
Hahndorf, 2778.
Hall, A. R., 2712, 2739, 2943.
Hall, A. C., 2909.
Hammond and Davidson, 2648.
Hanuabada, Community Study, 2670, 2813.


Harper, N. D., 2814, 2975.
Harris, Alexander, 2633.
Harris, J., 2528.
Harris, Merab, 2740.
Harwood, E., 2910, 2911, 2923.
Hay, H. G., 2557.
Henderson, R. F., 2942.
Heseltine, W., 2893.
Hewitt, A. C. J., 2588.
Hewitt, D. J., 2600.
Hicks, C. S., 2619.
Hieser, R., 2504, 2713.
Higgins, E. M., 2815.
High Intelligence, Children of, 2746.
Hirst, R. R., 2543, 2714, 2950.
Historical Records, Location, 2843.
Historiography, 2831, 2842.
Hodan, M., 2715.
Hogbin, H. I., 2667, 2678.
Hohne, H. H., 2755.
Holder, R. F., 2961.
Hole, Miss V. W., 2679.
Holt, H. E., 2606.
Hooper, F. C., 2756.
Hopkins, L. G., 2950.
Horner, F. B., 2528.
Hotham, Governor, 2826.
Housing, 2972.
Howard, H. F., 2589.
Howe, M., 2912.
Howie, D., 2658.
Hughes, C. G., 2593.
Hughes, W. M., 2805.
Hunt, J. F., 2757.
Hunt, Mrs J. L., 2816.
Hurley, P. J., 2977.
Hurley, W. M., 2573.
Hutchinson, B., 2934.
Hutley, F. C., 2870.
Hybrid-Fullblooded Population, 2691.
I
Indian Cattle Breeds, 2589.
Indonesia, Trading with, 2526.
Industrial Law in Australia, 2876.
Industrial Location in W.A., 2698.
Industrial Production, Measurement of, 2714, 2729, 2950-
2952.
Industrial Relations, Social Psychology, 2929.
Industrial Tensions, 2914.
Industry, Australian Structure, 2705, 2727.
Inflation-Deflation, 2541.
Inglis, K. S., 2817.
Inglis Moore, T., 2818.
Insurance, International Transactions, 2960.
Interaction of Human Values, 2864.
International Co-operation, Australian Attitude, 2861.
International Law, Disruption, 2864.
International Law, Sociology of, 2864.
International Monetary Fund, 2544.
International Organization, 2862.
Interview Efficiency, 2918.
Intonation Pattern, Australian Speech, 2757.
Italians and Germans in Australia, 2694.


Jackson, L. S., 2716.
Jacobs, Marjorie, 2819.
Japan, Australian Attitudes to, 2900.
Japanese Foreign Policy, 2822.
Japanese Political Parties, 2865.
Jenkins, E. L., 2529.
Jenkyn, N. A., 2645.
Jewish Communities in Australia, 2808.








Job Evaluation, 2574.
Joint Consultation, 2570.
Jones, A. W., 2617.
Jones, E. H., 2717, 2954.
Joyce, R. B., 2826.
Judicial System, Improvements, 2645.
Juvenile Delinquents in Perth, 2907.
Juvenile Delinquents, Later Social Experience, 2935.

K
Kainantu, Anthropological Research, 2671.
Kangan, M., 2570.
Kangaroo Island, 2776, 2803.
Karmel, P. H., 2606.
Katherine-Darwin Region, 2627.
Katz, F. M., 2913.
Keats, J. A., 2758.
Kellaway, Charlotta, 2609.
Kelly, J. H., 2957, 2958.
Kenaf, 2535.
Keown, K. C., 2551.
Kerr, A. M., 2512.
Kewley, T. H., 2605.
Kiddle, M. L., 2821.
Kimberley, Pastoral Industry, 2794.
King, Governor, 2841.
King, H. W., 2780.
King, N. H., 2593.
Kingston, C. C., 2848.
Kinked Demand Curve, 2504.
Klestadt, E. 2822.
Kuitpo, Hundred of, 2782.
Kunima, Anthropology and Nutrition, 2682.

L
Labour Law, 2966.
Labour Movement, Documentation, 2804.
Labour Movement, Industrial and Political Sections,
2809.
Labour Movement, Pressure Groups, 2901.
Labour Movements, Comparative International Study,
2897.
Labour Party, 2835, 2887, 2895.
Labour Relations in U.S.A., 2575.
Labour Turnover, 2567.
Laffer, K., 2506.
Lafitte, P., 2914.
Lake Eyre Basin, 2784.
Lamberton, D. M., 2719.
La Nauze, J. A., 2741, 2799, 2815.
Lancaster, H. 0., 2881.
Lancaster, K., 2950.
Landlord and Tenant Law in N.S.W., 2648.
Land Use Classification, 2789.
Lang, H. G., 2946.
Langford Smith, T. W., 2781.
Last Opportunity Rule, 2983.
Law Administered by Justices iu N.S.W., 2871.
Law and Social Control, 2877.
Lawrence, P., 2680, 2681.
Lawton, G. H., 2782.
Leaper, Patricia M., 2915.
Lee, J. A., 2684.
Lee, J. E., 2632.
Legge, J. D., 2791, 2858.
Lengyel, S. J. 2960.
Lerdau, E., 2544, 2947.
Lewis, E. C., 2648.
Liberalism in Queensland, 2896.
Liberty, Civil and Religious, 2834.
Library Science and Bibliography, 2693.
Liesching, Miss S., 2894.
Life Insurance, 2545, 2709.


Lindahl, E., 2514.
Lindsay, Lord of Birker, 2863.
Linguistics, Australian, 2690.
Literature, Australian, Social Study, 2818.
Lithgow, G., 2720.
Little, A., 2916.
Logic and Social Enquiry, 2882.
Lu Hsiang Shan, 2854.
Lyle, J. G. B., 2917.

M
McArthur, Miss M., 2682.
McArthur, N., 2695.
McDonnell, 2656, 2569.
McDonald, J. S., 2683.
McDonnell, P., 2569.
McElroy, W. A., 2656.
McElwain, D. W., 2918.
McIntyre, D. P., 2581.
McKillop, B. C., 2854.
McKirdy, C. A., 2639, 2824.
MacLeay River, Flood Damage, 2787.
McLeod, D., 2919.
Macmillan, M. B., 2920.
McRae, C. R., 2759.
McRae, M. D., 2895.
Mahoney, D. L., 2871.
Mal-adjustment and Failure at School, 2767.
Management-Employee Committees, 2569, 2570.
Manelis, M., 2601.
Manning, J. K., 2872.
Mansfield, B., 2641.
Manufacturing in Australia, 2948, 2949.
Manuscript Sources, 2805.
Markwell, P. T., 2760.
Marles, D. M., 2760.
Married Women, Rights and Duties, 2646.
Marshall, A. J., 2921.
Martin, A. W., 2825.
Martin, R. T., 2803.
Matriculation Examination, Predictive Value, 2748.
Mauldon, F. R. E., 2512, 2721.
May, W. E., 2980.
Meat, 2590, 2592, 2970.
Meddleton, J. G., 2761, 2762.
Medical Education in Queensland, 2932.
Meggitt, M., 2684.
Melanesia, Local Grouping, 2667.
Melanesia, Social Control of Society, 2680.
Melanesia, Social Structure, 2675.
Melbourne, Social History, 2843.
Mentally Defective Children, Language and Thinking,
2920.
Mental Defectives in S.A. Care, 2936.
Menzies Government, 2602.
Meyers, E. S., 2932.
Migrants, Spoken and Written English of, 2769.
Migration, 2606, 2675, 2698.
Migration, Demography, 2607.
Migration, Dutch and Italian in W.A., 2698.
Miles, J. G., 2826.
Milk Testing, 2586.
Miller, J. D. B., 2564.
Mills, R. C., 2944.
Mineral Industry, 2521.
Mining and Metallurgy, 2621.
Mining in Queensland, 2743.
Molybdenum, 2596.
Monetary System, Australian, 2539, 2543, 2734.
Monopolistic Competition, 2504.
Monopoly and Theory of Value, 2713.
Moran, E. J., 2572.
Morey, E. A., 2907, 2922.








Moriarty, M. G., 2946.
Morison, W. L., 2873.
Morris, N., 2647.
Morrison, A. A., 2811.
Mountain, G. R., 2541.
Mountfort, C. P., 2783.
Mt. Lyell Company, 2793.
Mungomery, R. W., 2593.
Muriabarta Tribe, 2689.
Murphet, K. D., 2574.
Murphy, Mary E., 2555, 2556.
Murray, Sir Hubert, 2860.
Murrumbidgee, 2781, 2969.
Mutual Judgment, Frames of Reference, 2984.
Myers, Acting Judge, 2649.
Myrtle Bank, 2635.
Myxomatosis, 2582.
N
Nadel, G. H., 2980.
Nadel, S. F., 2685.
National Expenditure, Econometric Forecasts, 2941.
National Income in Fiji, 2722.
Natural Rights, 2883.
Naylor, G. F. K., 2923.
Neal, J. R., 2828.
Neale, R. G., 2811, 2829, 2830.
Needham, G. D., 2874, 2878.
Nettl, Lotte, 2831.
New Australian Children, Education, 2769.
Newbury, C. W., 2859.
New England Region, 2624, 2849.
New Frontiers, 2517.
New Guinea, 2534, 2598, 2599, 2665, 2671, 2681, 2684,
2687, 2704, 2820, 2860.
New South Wales, 2641, 2648, 2679, 2750, 2825, 2833,
2841, 2870, 2871.
N.S.W., Politics about 1891, 2828.
N.S.W. Traders' Protection Association, 2955.
New States in Australia, 2601, 2829.
New Zealand, 2515, 2516, 2520, 2524, 2540, 2559, 2560,
2573, 2584, 2592, 2596, 2597, 2621, 2657, 2802, 2946.
New Zealand, Governorship and Responsible Govern-
ment, 2769.
Nichols, L. E., 2586.
Non-Government Schools, 2610.
North Borneo, 2637.
Northern Australia, 2957.
Northern Region (Queensland), 2625.
Northern Territory, 2737.
Northern Wailbri, Social Anthropology, 2684.
North Western Gulf Region (Queensland), 2625.
North West Pacific and Korean War, 2603.
0
Oakley, M. W., 2526.
Objective Test Scores, 2758.
Occupational Expectations, Children's, 2928.
Occupational Mobility, 2679.
Occupations, Social Grading of, 2516.
O'Connor, C. Y., 2740.
Oeser, O. A., 2924.
Old Age and Invalid Pension Schemes, 2605.
Old Age in Victoria, 2934.
Old Town Near Sydney, Sociological Study, 2669.
O'Loughlin, C., 2774.
Olphert, W. B., 2763, 2774.
Olsen, F. J., 2764.
O'Neil, W. M., 2659.
Ovenden, Marjorie, 2832.
Overseas Depression 1870-80 and Australia, 2732.
Owen, W. F., 2958.
Oxby, L. G., 2544.
Oxnam, P. W., 2562, 2723.


Pacific Neighbours, 2975.
Packer, D. R. S., 2608, 2642, 2696.
Palmer, Virginia, 2925.
Paper Industry, 2836.
Papua, 2534, 2548, 2640, 2665, 2670, 2682, 2704, 286o.
Parker, R. S., 2946.
Parliamentary Control of Budget, 2552.
Pastoral Industry, 2737, 2849.
Penal System in W.A., 2866.
Penny, D. H., 2724.
Penny, R., 2926.
Perkins, J. O. N., 2725, 2961.
Personality Rigidity, 2929.
Philipp, June, 2833.
Phillips, T. L., 2590.
Pigmeat, 2591.
Pike, D. H., 2834.
Pilling, A., 2686.
Pinner, Jean, 2587.
Pitchford, J., 2726.
Polaschek, R. J., 2560.
Political Developments in Queensland, 2885.
Political Groupings in N.S.W., 2825.
Political Reorientation of Migrants, 2685.
Popham, Dulcie, 2761, 2765.
Population Data, Victoria, 2642.
Population Geographical Study, 2777.
Port Denison Region, 2625.
Port Puer System, Port Arthur, 2756.
Portus, G. V., 2630.
Premiers' Conference, 2893.
Pre-School Children Accidents, Behaviour Pattern, 2930.
Press Daily, Australian, 2901.
Prest, W., 2502.
Price, A. G., 2784.
Price, C. A., 2697.
Price Level Changes, 2510.
Pricing Policy in Queensland Manufacture, 2731.
Primary School Children, Physical Skills, 2747.
Primary School Children, Social Development, 2922.
Primary School Studies, Post-school Values, 2744.
Primary School Syllabus, Queensland, 2754.
Private Capital Formation in Australia 1860-1900, 2733.
Private Enterprise, 2502.
Production Costs, 2707.
Profit Margins, Australian Manufacturing, 2706.
Psychology in N.Z., 2657.
Public Capital Formation in Australia 1860-1900, 2733.
Public Companies, Funds, 2712, 2943.
Public Service, Commonwealth, 2890.
Pyrites, 2537.

Q
Queensland, 2522, 2523, 2558, 2576, 2585, 2586, 2594, 2622,
2625, 2731, 2743, 2754, 2772, 2885, 2896, 2932.
Queensland, Development, 2811.
Queensland Labour Government, 3 Episodes, 2815.
Queensland N.S.W. Border, 2785.

R
Radford, W. C., 2610, 2766.
Radical Republicanism in N.S.W., 2641.
Railways, 2558, 2559, 2964, 2965.
Rainfall, Artificial, 2979.
Rainfall Factors in Drought, 2978.
Rawson, D. W., 2835, 2897.
Rawson, G., 2634.
Rawson, Jacqueline, 2635.
Read, K. M., 2687.
Reading Abilities of First Year Students, 2771.
Reasoning Factor, 2658.








Reay, Marie, 2687.
Reformatory Schoolboys, 2915.
Regional Income, 2512, 2522.
Regional Planning, 2720.
Reid, P. A., 2582.
Reid, R. L., 2837.
"Reliance" M. Flinders' Log-Books, 2980.
Religious Attitudes of University Students, 2923.
Reminiscence and Frustration-Induced Inhibition,
2655.
Research Report, Melbourne University, 2937.
Resources Development, 2718.
Retail Trade, 2525.
Rheumatic Disease in Childhood, 2931.
Richardson, J. A., 2767.
Richmond, Mary, 2838.
Risk in Farming, 2578.
Ritchie, Joan, 2838.
Road Transport Charges, 2560.
Robson, L. L., 2840.
Roe, O. M., 2841.
Rolph, W. K., 2898.
Roots, J. C., 2927.
Rose, A. J., 2785.
Rouch, F. L., 2928.
Round, P., 2585.
Rowe, B., 2976.
Rowley, Sheila, 2507.
Royal Melbourne Hospital, 2817.
Rural Labour in Tasmania, 2726.
Rural Production Expansion, 2517.
Rural Scene, 2976.
Rural University, 2611.
Russell, E. A., 1727.
Rutherford, R. S. G., 2728.
Rydon, J., 2899.

S
Saffin, N. W., 2843.
Salisbury-Rowswell, R., 2687, 2688.
Salter, W. E. G., 2729, 2752.
Salvation Army, 2631.
Samoa, 2855, 2856.
Sanders, C., 2985.
Satisfaction in Work, 2905.
Sawer, G., 2643, 2650, 2875.
Sayers, R., 2540.
Schizophrenics, Visual Patterns, 2908.
Schmitt, G. J., 2946.
Schools, Two in Australia and U.S., 2672.
Schonell, F. J., 2615.
Schubert, W. F., 2586.
Scientific Entities, 2653.
Scott, E., 2655.
Sea, Value of, 2523.
Secondary Education, Selection for, 2613.
Sedentary Fisheries in Australian Waters, 2869.
Selection Tests for Women Packers, 2663.
Sentencing Convicted Criminals, 2647.
Serle, A. G., 2843.
Settlers and Convicts, 2633.
Sharp, G. B., 2935.
Shatwell, K. 0., 2876.
Shaw, A. G. L., 2844.
Shaw, B. A., 2761, 2762, 2768.
Sheep, Reconnaisance Survey, 2580.
Ships ended in Australian Waters, 2980.
Shrapnel, P. S., 2505.
Simkin, C. G. F., 2511, 2540, 2946.
Simpson-Lee, G. A. J., 2955.
Sinclair, W. A., 2742.
Singer, K., 2508.
Sissons, D. S. C., 2900.


Skemp, J. R., 2635.
Skemp, Samuel, 2635.
Social Communications, 2926.
Social Engineering, 2663.
Social Security Cash Benefits, N.Z., 2972.
Socialist Party, Victoria, 2832.
Soper, C. S., 2729.
South Australia, 2703, 2724, 2834, 2837, 2933, 2936, 2965,
2972.
South East Asian Students at Australian Universities,
2759-
South Korea, 2527.
South Seas, 2665.
Southern Massim, Economic Changes, 2670.
Spate, O. H. K., 2599, 2786.
Stability, Economic in N.Z., 2946.
Stalley, D. J., 2731.
Stanner, W. E. H., 2665, 2689.
State Income Taxation Powers, 2550.
State Public Finance, 2962.
Sterling Area, 2542, 2725, 2961.
Stevens, Sir Bertram, 2606.
Stevens, S. P., 2957.
Stock Control, Retail Inventory Method, 2557.
Stocking Rates, 2530.
Stone, Julius, 2864, 2877.
Stoodley, J., 2743.
Storry, G. R., 2865.
Strehlow, T. G. H., 2690.
Strikes in Australia, 2652.
Strikes under Arbitration, 2889.
Strong, T. H., 2527.
Strzelecki, Sir Paul Edmund, 2634.
Stuckey, G. P., 2878.
Succession, Law of, in N.S.W., 2870.
Suggestion Schemes, 2573.
Sulphur, 2537.
Superannuation Schemes, 2568.
Superphosphate, 2537.
Sweden and Australia, 2514.
Sydney, 2749.
Synthetic Fibres, 2538.

T
Tachistoscopic Recognition, 2659.
Taft, R., 2984.
Tapp, E. J., 2845.
Tariff Policies in Australia, 2741.
Tasmania, 2618, 2720, 2726, 2895.
Tasmania, History, 2840, 2847.
Tasmania, Immigration and Transportation, 1824-56,
2838.
Taxable Capacity, 2548.
Taxation, War-Time, 2707.
Teachers' Status of, 2892.
Teaching Profession, Hazards of, 2759.
Teaching Success, Predictions, 2774.
Teichmann, M. E., 2883.
Tennant, Kylie, 2629.
Territorial Source of Income for Taxation, 2551.
Third Party Contracts, 2649.
Thomson, Ailsa, 2846.
Thomson, D. C., 2876, 2879, 2880.
Thornton, J. B., 2653.
Thorpe, E. W., 2787.
Tindale, N. B., 2691.
Tort, Law of, 2873.
Town Gas, 2536.
Town Planning, 2604.
Townsley, W. A., 2847.
Townsville-Bowen Region, 2565.
Trade Unions, 2564. 2565, 2566, 2833.
Transportation of Convicts, 2838, 2844.








Trees, Native, 2620.
Tregonning, K. G. P., 2637.
Trewin, A. H., 2770.
Tribal Map, 2691.
Tribolet, D. H., 2618.
Tropical Plant and Animal Research, 2576.
Truman, T. C., 2901.
Turner's Frontier Hypothesis and Australia, 2814.
Tweedie, A. D., 2788.
U
Ultra Vires Doctrine, 2606.
Under-developed Areas, Role of State, 2945.
Unionism, Compulsory, 2566.
United Nations, Australian Attitude, 2814.
U.S. British Commonwealth Relations, Australian Atti-
tudes, 2829.
U.S. Demand for Australian Wool, 271 .
U.S.A. Foreign Economic Policy, 2513.
University and Public Opinion, 2987.
University Development, 2612.
University Examination Failures, 2764.
University Selection, 2985.
Urban Geography, 2780.
V
Verbal Association, Effect, 2659.
Victoria, 2588, 2638, 2642, 2742, 2789, 2832, 2833, 2934,
2964.
Victorian Population, 2697.
Victorian Western District, Social History, 2821.
Visual Patterns, 2921.
Vocabulary of Australian Children, 2766.
Vocabulary, Oral of Australian Labourer, 2762.
Vocational Education and Dairy Farmer, 2770.
Vocational Preferences, 2912.
Voumard, L. C., 2651.
W
Wadham, E. J., 2848.
Wage Adjustments, Inflation, 2967.
Wage Earning Classes in i88o's, 2807.
Wages, Australian, 2723.
Walker, K. F., 2929.


Walker, R. B., 2849.
Walker, T. W., 2596.
Walters, R. H., 2660.
Wanstall, C. G., 2550.
War History, Economic, 2734.
Ward, E. L., 2645.
Ward, J. M., 2850.
Ward, R. B., 2851.
Webb, L. C., 2902, 2946.
Wechsler-Bellevue Tests of Prisoners, 2660.
Wedgwood, Camilla H., 2667, 2675.
Welfare State in Australia, 2735.
West, F. J., 2860.
Western Australia, 2698, 2707, 2718, 2721, 2740, 2791,
2866, 2954.
W. A. Records and History, 2800.
Wheat Agreement, International, 2715.
Wheaton, A., 2936.
Wheeler, D. K., 2771.
Wheeler, J. M., 2772.
Wheelwright, E. L., 2565.
White, H. F., 2619.
White, H. L., 2623.
White Australia, 2609.
Whitelaw, R. H., 2961.
Williams, D. B., 2578, 2957.
Wilson, J. S. G., 2540.
Wilson, R. K., 2789.
Winterbourn, R., 2657.
Wolfsohn, H. A., 2903.
Wood, G. L., 2938.
Wool, 2528-2531, 2579, 2701, 2711, 2956.
Woolwax, 2581.
World Affairs, Evolution in Australia, 2903.
Worseley, P. A., 2692.
Wyeth, E. R., 2748, 2773-2775.


Youngman, D. V., 2518.
Young People, Social Development, 2911.


Zentler, A. P., 2528.







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Members of the Social Science Research Council of Australia

ALEXANDER. F., Professor of History, University of Western Australia
ARNDT, H. '., Profeusor of Economics, Canberra Unitcr.ir~ Colkg..
BALL, W. Macmahon, Professor of Political Science, Unisersity of Melbourne
BEASLEY, F. R.. Professor of Law. University of Western Australia
BORRIE, W. D., Reader in Demography, Australian National University,
Canberra
BURTON, H., Principal and Professor of E.ouomic Ilibiory, Canberra Uni-
versity College
BUTLIN, S. J, Professor of Economics, LUm'er.'r otf Sdney
CLARK, C. M. H., Professor of Historv, Cariberra LInier.sity College
CONLON, A. A., Doctor ol Medicine, Austin HJpiral. Heidelberg. Melbourne
COOMBS, Dr. H. C, Governor, Comnionmealth Banl: of Australia, Sdney
(Economics)
COPLAND, His Excellency bir Douglas, Australian High Commissioner to
Canada, Ottawa.
COWEN, Z., Professor of Public Laa, Unitcri.% of Melbourne
CRAWFORD, R. I Profe-or of l-uitorn, Un\ ersity of Melbourne
CUNNINGHAM. Dr. K. S., Director, Australian Council for Educational
Research, Melbourne
DAVIDSON, J. W., Professor of Pacific History, Australian National Uni-
versity, Canberra
ELKIN, A. P., Professor of Anthropology, Uniersiiv of Sydney
FIRTH, C., Professor of Economics, Unisersity of Tasmania
FITZGERALD, C. P., Piotcssor of Far Easerni H,,iory,, Australian National
Uni ersirv, Canberra
GIBSON, A. Bo,,cc, Professor of Philosophy, LUin.crsity of Mtlbourne
GIFFORD, J. K., Proleisor of Economic., LUnicerrity of Qucenrland
GREENWOOD, C., Professor of Hisiorv, Unisersity of Queetnland
HASLUCK, The Hon. P., Minister for External Territories, Parliament House,
Canberra
HOGBIN, Dr. H. I., Reader in Anthropology. Unisersitv of Sydney
HIYTTEN, Prplessor T, \'ice-Chanctllor, Uniersics of Ta.snnia
KARMEL, P. H., Professojr of Economics, ULunersitv of Adelaide
LA NAUZE, J. A., Professor of Economic History. LUniertntv of Melbourne
McRAE. C. R., Professor of Education, IUnm rsitr of Sdclne,.
MAULDON, F. R. E., Prore.ssor of Economic.. UL'nersits of \c-stern Australia
MELVILLE, Mr. L, V'ie-Chancellor, Australian National University, Can-
berra (Chairman).
NADEL, S. F., Professor of Anthropology and sociology. Australian National
University, Canberra
O'BRIEN, Archbtshop Eris, P.O. Box 197, Goulburn, N S.\W
OESER, 0. A., Professor of Psychology, Uniscrst.s of Melbourne
O'NEIL, W. NI, Professor of Psycholog., Unitersiti of Sydney
PARTRIDGE, P. H., Professor of Social Philosophy, Australian National
University, Canberra
PATON, Professor G. W., Vice-Chancellor, Unisersitv of Melbourne
PREST, W., Professor of Economics, Uni,.ratrv of Melbourne
ROBERTS, Professor S H, Vice-Chancellor, Lniter-slt of Sydney
SAWER, G., Professor of Law. Australian National ilnitersv Canberra
SCHONELL, F. J, ProjfeF.or of Education, LUnntriti, of Quct.i'nsl:ani
SHATWELL, K. O., Professor of Law, Lniersity of Ssdncv
SPATE. O. H. K., Professor of Geography, Australian National University,
Canberra
STONE, J., Professor of Law, Universirv of Sydney
STOUT, A. K., Professor of Moral PhilosophI'. University of Sydney
SWAN, T. W, Professor of lconnacnc, An riralian NitiOciidl l-fniYtrJtlv,
Canberra
WALKER, K. F., Professor of P'clchology, I'nisersjtv of westernn Australia
WARD. J. MN., Professor of History, University of Sydney
WEDGWOOD, Hon. C.. Senior Lecturer in' Native Education, Australian
School of Pacific Administration. lMoman, S\dney
WHITE. J\r. H. L., Commonwealth Librarian, National Library, Canberra
WILSON, Dr. Roland, Secretary to rhe Commonsealth Treasury, Canberra
WRIGHT, R D.. Professor of Physiology, University of Melbourne


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