• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Half Title
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Manuscripts and editions
 Book I
 Book II
 Book III
 Book IV
 Book V
 Advertising














Title: Xenophon
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076570/00001
 Material Information
Title: Xenophon
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Xenophon.
Publisher: W. Heinemann ;
Publication Date: 193038
Copyright Date: 193038
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076570
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: 04394534 - OCLC

Table of Contents
    Half Title
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page v
        Page vi
    Introduction
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
    Manuscripts and editions
        Page xiii
        Page xiv
    Book I
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
    Book II
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
    Book III
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
        Page 191
        Page 192
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 203
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
        Page 208
        Page 209
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
        Page 216
        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
        Page 225
        Page 226
        Page 227
        Page 228
        Page 229
        Page 230
        Page 231
        Page 232
        Page 233
        Page 234
        Page 235
        Page 236
        Page 237
        Page 238
        Page 239
        Page 240
        Page 241
        Page 242
        Page 243
        Page 244
        Page 245
        Page 246
        Page 247
        Page 248
        Page 249
        Page 250
        Page 251
        Page 252
        Page 253
        Page 254
        Page 255
        Page 256
        Page 257
        Page 258
        Page 259
        Page 260
        Page 261
        Page 262
    Book IV
        Page 263
        Page 264
        Page 265
        Page 266
        Page 267
        Page 268
        Page 269
        Page 270
        Page 271
        Page 272
        Page 273
        Page 274
        Page 275
        Page 276
        Page 277
        Page 278
        Page 279
        Page 280
        Page 281
        Page 282
        Page 283
        Page 284
        Page 285
        Page 286
        Page 287
        Page 288
        Page 289
        Page 290
        Page 291
        Page 292
        Page 293
        Page 294
        Page 295
        Page 296
        Page 297
        Page 298
        Page 299
        Page 300
        Page 301
        Page 302
        Page 303
        Page 304
        Page 305
        Page 306
        Page 307
        Page 308
        Page 309
        Page 310
        Page 311
        Page 312
        Page 313
        Page 314
        Page 315
        Page 316
        Page 317
        Page 318
        Page 319
        Page 320
        Page 321
        Page 322
        Page 323
        Page 324
        Page 325
        Page 326
        Page 327
        Page 328
        Page 329
        Page 330
        Page 331
        Page 332
        Page 333
        Page 334
        Page 335
        Page 336
        Page 337
        Page 338
        Page 339
        Page 340
        Page 341
        Page 342
        Page 343
        Page 344
        Page 345
        Page 346
        Page 347
        Page 348
        Page 349
        Page 350
        Page 351
        Page 352
        Page 353
        Page 354
        Page 355
        Page 356
        Page 357
        Page 358
        Page 359
        Page 360
        Page 361
        Page 362
        Page 363
        Page 364
        Page 365
        Page 366
        Page 367
        Page 368
        Page 369
        Page 370
        Page 371
        Page 372
        Page 373
        Page 374
        Page 375
        Page 376
        Page 377
        Page 378
        Page 379
        Page 380
        Page 381
        Page 382
    Book V
        Page 383
        Page 384
        Page 385
        Page 386
        Page 387
        Page 388
        Page 389
        Page 390
        Page 391
        Page 392
        Page 393
        Page 394
        Page 395
        Page 396
        Page 397
        Page 398
        Page 399
        Page 400
        Page 401
        Page 402
        Page 403
        Page 404
        Page 405
        Page 406
        Page 407
        Page 408
        Page 409
        Page 410
        Page 411
        Page 412
        Page 413
        Page 414
        Page 415
        Page 416
        Page 417
        Page 418
        Page 419
        Page 420
        Page 421
        Page 422
        Page 423
        Page 424
        Page 425
        Page 426
        Page 427
        Page 428
        Page 429
        Page 430
        Page 431
        Page 432
        Page 433
        Page 434
        Page 435
        Page 436
        Page 437
        Page 438
        Page 439
        Page 440
        Page 441
        Page 442
        Page 443
        Page 444
        Page 445
        Page 446
        Page 447
        Page 448
        Page 449
        Page 450
        Page 451
        Page 452
        Page 453
        Page 454
        Page 455
        Page 456
        Page 457
        Page 458
        Page 459
        Page 460
        Page 461
        Page 462
        Page 463
        Page 464
        Page 465
        Page 466
        Page 467
        Page 468
        Page 469
        Page 470
        Page 471
        Page 472
        Page 473
        Page 474
        Page 475
        Page 476
        Page 477
        Page 478
        Page 479
        Page 480
        Page 481
        Page 482
        Page 483
        Page 484
        Page 485
        Page 486
        Page 487
        Page 488
        Page 489
        Page 490
        Page 491
        Page 492
        Page 493
        Page 494
    Advertising
        Page A-1
        Page A-2
        Page A-3
        Page A-4
        Page A-5
        Page A-6
        Page A-7
        Page A-8
Full Text



THE LOEB CLASSICAL LIBRARY

EDITED BY
T. E. PAGE, LITT.D.
E. CAPPS, PH.D.; LL.D. W. H. D. ROUSE, LITT.D.








XENOPHON'S HELLENICA

1









XENOPHON

HELLENICA, BOOKS I-V

WITH AN ENGLISH TRANSLATION BY
CARLETON L. BROWNSON
COLLEGE OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK
















LONDON: WILLIAM HEINEMANN LTD
NEW YORK: G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS
MCMXXX


*:<, '. : '.

.2 : '2 i a. .' '















/f30

























First printed, 1918

Reprinted, 1980
































Printed in Great Britain.


'V,


'''
'
'


r.

~ ~ir
r .
,


S- *




















CONTENTS


INTRODUCTION .

MANUSCRIPTS AND EDITIONS

BOOK I .....

BOOK II .

BOOK III .

BOOK IV ........ .

BOOK V ... ... ... .


130621














INTRODUCTION


THE Hellenica is Xenophon's history of his own
times. Beginning in the autumn of 411 B.c., when
the author was probably about twenty years of age,
it covers the events of the following fifty years,
down to 362 B.c.
The Peloponnesian War, which was primarily a
struggle for supremacy between Athens and Sparta
but which involved the entire Greek world, began in
431 and ended in 404 B.c. The historian of this war
was Thucydides, himself at one time a general on
the Athenian side. Thucydides died, however, with-
out completing his task, and it is at the point where
his history breaks off that Xenophon begins. The
first part of the Hellenica accordingly brings the
story of the Peloponnesian War to a conclusion
(411-404 B.c.); Xenophon then goes on to describe
the internal disorders which ensued in Athens
(404-401 B.c.); the war undertaken by the Spartans,
now the undisputed leaders of all Hellas," against
the Persian Empire (399-387 B.c.); the indecisive
contest known as the Corinthian War (394-387 B.c.),
in which various Greek states united in an attempt
vii






INTRODUCTION


to curb the growing power of Sparta; the inglorious
Peace of Antalcidas (387 B.c.), whereby the Persian
king assumed to confirm Sparta's title as mistress of
the Greek world; the later years of Spartan leader-
ship (387-371 B.c.), marked especially by sometimes
harsh, sometimes treacherous, but ultimately futile,
efforts to check the rise of Thebes; the humiliation
of Sparta and the triumph of Thebes in the battle of
Leuctra (371 B.c.); and the following period of
Theban supremacy (369-362 B.c.), brought to a close
by the battle of Martinea (362 B.C.), in which the
Thebans were victorious but lost their great com-
mander, Epaminondas. The Hellenica, then, is the
story of Sparta's triumph over her old enemy,
Athens, of her day of power, and of her overthrow
by a new enemy, Thebes.
A historian who should set himself the task of
narrating the events of his own lifetime might
naturally be expected to write his history part by
part, as time went on. instead of waiting till toward
the close of his life to tell the whole story in its
entirety. In fact, the investigations of many scholars
have shown that the Hellenica falls into three main
divisions, written at considerable intervals: Part I.
(i. i. 1-n. iii. 10), completing Thucydides' account of
the Peloponnesian War; Part II. (n. iii. 11-v. i. 36),
from the close of the Peloponnesian War to the
Peace of Antalcidas ; and Part III. (v. ii. 1-the end),
from the Peace of Antalcidas to the battle of
Mantinea. The dates of the composition of these
viii






INTRODUCTION


various parts have been approximately fixed as
follows: Part I., 393 B.C. or a very little later;
Part II., between 385 and 380 B.c.; and Part III.,
between 362 and 354 B.C.
Xenophon was in many respects admirably fitted
to be the historian of the epoch which he describes.
An Athenian by birth and training, he was still
a citizen of the world. He not only lived for con-
siderable periods in various other states of Greece-
Sparta, Elis, and Corinth-but he had become
acquainted through personal experience with the
Greeks of Asia and with the Persian Empire. In
early life he had been a devoted follower of Socrates,
while in later years he was an intimate friend ot
King Agesilaus of Sparta, whom he accompanied on
several of the campaigns described in the Hellenica.
He might have been presumed to possess the temper
to write an impartial history and the information and
capacity to write an accurate one.
Nevertheless, the Hellenica is neither accurate nor
impartial. Not that Xenophon is guilty of errors of
commission, for from these the Hellenica is notably
free; but his omissions are so frequent and so con-
siderable that the reader is either sadly puzzled or in
many cases is given an utterly wrong impression.
Thus, while it is clear that the primary purpose of the
Hellenica was to complete Thucydides' interrupted
narrative, Xenophon is by no means careful to secure
precise continuity between the closing chapters of
Thucydides and his own opening chapters; and he is






INTRODUCTION


just as little solicitous about securing precise con-
tinuity between the different chapters of the Hellenica
itself; instead, we find him alluding to events as
though already described of which he has told us
nothing or introducing us without explanation to a
personage who is unknown to us. More serious is
the fact that some irr portant omissions appear to be
intentional and dictated by the author's partiality.
He is not prejudiced in favour of Athens because it
was his native city, nor yet against Athens because it
had banished him. It is between Sparta and Thebes
that he cannot hold the scales true. In his ardent
admiration for all things Spartan, he excuses Sparta's
defeats and fails to mention her humiliations; while
in his almost unconcealed hatred toward the Thebans,
he puts wrong constructions upon their acts and
abridges the record of their achievements.
It is necessary to dwell more upon Xenophon's
imperfections as a historian than upon his excellences
in order to correct the wrong impression which a
reading of the Hellenica might otherwise produce.
His excellences, however, are not few nor slight.
He is clear-sighted, straightforward, and sound in his
judgments of men and events; and if he sometimes,
especially when his Spartan sympathies are involved,
fails to tell the wh)le truth or opens the way to
wrong inferences, he still is never guilty of direct
misstatement. His r.arrative, often plain to the point
of bareness, possesses the great merits of clearness,
directness, and entire freedom from exaggeration or
X







INTRODUCTION


a striving after effect; and his style is not only
characterized at all times by grace and ease, but
not infrequently by beauty and power. All in all,
his history is much the best authority we have for
the half century which it covers.1
1 The other more important authorities for the history of
this period are: (1) Diodorus Siculus, who lived during the
age of Augustus and compiled from various sources a rhetori-
cal and uncritical history of the world (Books xII.-xv. treat-
ing of the period covered by the Hellenica) ; and (2) Plutarch,
in his lives of Alcibiades, Lysander, Agesilaus, Pelopidas, and
Artaxerxes. Aristotle, in his Constitution of the Athenians,
and Lysias, in two orations dealing with the rule of the
Thirty Tyrants at Athens, contribute additional information
of great value to supplement the earlier portion of Xenophon's
narrative.














MANUSCRIPTS AND EDITIONS

1.-MANnSCRIPTS
Among the numerous MSS. of the Hellenica six are
generally recognized as of superior excellence, and are
ranked in the following order:-
B. Parisinus 1738, in the National Library at Paris, dating
from the beginning of the fourteenth century.
M. Ambrosianus A 4, at Milan, dated 1344.
D. Parisinus 1642, in the National Library at Paris, of the
fifteenth century.
V. Marcianus 368, in the Library of St. Mark at Venice,
written in the fourteenth or fifteenth century.
C. Parisinus 2080, in the National Library at Paris, dating
from the beginning of the fifteenth century.
F. Perizonianus 6, in the Library of the University of
Leyden, dated 1456.
A recently discovered papyrus fragment, now in the
Imperial Library at Vienna and assigned to the third
century A.D., has been found valuable in confirming the
readings of the best MS., B, and in preserving correct
spellings where the MSS. are in error. It includes portions
of the first book, and is designated Ti.

2.-PRINCIPAL EDITIONS
(a) Complete Works of Xenophon.
JUNTA: Florence, 1516. Editio Princeps. By E. Boninus.
JUNTA: Florence, 1527. Second edition, per Haeredes
P. Juntae.
ALDUS : Venice, 1525. By F. Asulanus.
STEPHANUS, H. : Geneva, 1561, 2 vols.
STEPHANUS, H. : Geneva, 1581. Second edition.
LEUNoLAVIUS, J. : Frankfort, 1594, 2 vols.








MANUSCRIPTS AND EDITIONS

SAUPPE, G. : Leipzig (Tauchnitz), 1865-7 (new edition,
1867-70), 5 vols.
MARCHANT, E. 0.: Oxford, 1900-, 5 vols., of which 4 have
thus far appeared.


DAKYNS, H. G.: London, 1890-, 4 vols., of which 3 have
appeared. English Translation of Xenophon.
(b) Separate Editions of the Hellenica.
ALDUS: Venice, 1502. Editio Princeps of the Hellenica.
DINDor, L.: Oxford, 1853.
COBET, C. G. : Amsterdam, 1862 (second edition, Leyden.
1880).
BiOCHSEnSCHiTZ, B.: Leipzig (Teubner), 1860-91, 2 vols.
KURZ, E.: Munich, 1873-4, 2 vols.
BREITENBACH, L. : Berlin (Weidmann), 1873-84, 3 vols.
GROSSER, R. : Gotha (Perthes), 1885-93, 3 vols.
KELLER, O.: Leipzig (Teubner), 1890. Editio major. The
best critical edition.
KELLER, O. : Editio minor (Teubner text), 1890.
SoRor, F. G. : Leipzig, 1899-1901. Selections.
MANATT, I. J. : Boston, 1888. Books I-IV.
BENNETT, C. E.: Boston, 1892. Books V-VII
BLAKE, R. W. : Boston, 1894-6. Books I-II.
UNDERHILL, G. E.: Oxford, 1900. A Commentary (to
accompany the text of Marchant).
BROWNSON, C. L.: New York, 1908. Selections.


The present edition adopts the text of Keller, all depar-
tures therefrom, as well as important emendations made or
accepted by Keller, being mentioned in the critical notes.


















XENOPHON'S HELLENICA

BOOK I














VOL. I.













EENOOiNT02 EAAHNIKA


A

I. Mera Se ra ava ov' roXXaFs 'pIe'pais b'oarepov
X9lev J 'AOrvcv EIvoyadpi? Xr'wv vavs X1yiacr
cat ebOvf dvavpdXryoav ablOt AaiceSa&p'vot Ical
'A9Orvaiot, eviKicroav Aarcelatieovtot i yovuptvov
'Ayo-aavp['Sov.
2 MeT' Alyov B 70ToT70v IAwptev b 6 Atayopov
eic 'PSov ed 'EX.ia'7wovrrOTv elorXet ApXoievov
XetJIWov TrTrapoj I/cal KMa vava~v a1a 7p e'pa.
xcar tUv 86 6 rcov 'AlOrtvawov ItepoccoKro o'ot; t ve
TO 7 oaTpaTryo7O. ol SB dav rydyovTU o dr' aVbTv
el'coati vavro-v, aq o Acoptiebv Ovywv Twpb r74v yr]v
ave/3/tae rTa av'roV r TpL2pet, (W 7votrye,2 7epl TO
3 'Por'etov. eyy/u? Se vevopevwv Tw 'AO7vaitov
ed/yovTo Tro 'r we row veC&P KC T? 711 q79, -6XPL Ol
'AOrvaiot air7reva'rX av del Md8vrov Trpb~ 7Ti aXo
(crpa'rdreSov ob.&i' rpdjav'reS.
4 MivWapo 8e .arttS wv 7rv p-7 xri'v ev 'IXL
vwcpv T7^ 'A0qv .jSor'eEt 6rr rTjv OaXarTav, cal
xaOeXKLcrav' 7Ta Javrov Tpt?7pet, a7re7rXet, b'o-T
5 avaXdl3ot rTa p LTa AWPWiew. oi ~B 'AOrvaiot
1 rorTvW MSS.: Keller brackets.
2 ~fvoye M1SS.: ?ivure Kel.













XENOPHON'S HELLENICA


BOOK I

I. AFTER this,' not many days later, Thymochares 411 B..
came from Athens with a few ships; and thereupon
the Lacedaemonians and the Athenians fought
another naval battle, and the Lacedaemonians were
victorious, under the leadership of Agesandridas.
Shortly after this, at the beginning of the winter,
Dorieus, the son of Diagoras, sailed into the Helles-
pont from Rhodes with fourteen ships, arriving at
daybreak. And when the Athenian day-watcher de-
scried him, he signalled to the generals, and they put
out against him with twenty ships; and Dorieus,
fleeing from them towards the shore, beached his
triremes, as fast as he got them clear of the enemy,
in the neighbourhood of Rhoeteum. And when
the Athenians came near, the men under Dorieus
fought, from their ships and from the shore, until
the Athenians sailed away to Madytus, to the rest of
their fleet, without having accomplished anything.
Now Mindarus caught sight of the battle as he
was sacrificing to Athena at Ilium, and hurrying to
the sea he launched his triremes and set out, in
order to pick up the ships under Dorieus. And
I i.e. after the last events described by Thucydides.
The scene is the Hellespont.
3






XENOPHON


avravayaya6atLEvot evajpdaXro-av 'rep l"A/3vov cKaa
rAv y3wva px1P etihX9 i) de4otvowD.1 Kal T t pI
vtIECv'TW, ra Se vtiKxpevwv, 'AXKxtLt,3a; dretw-
6 rrXe Svov 8eovo-avt ef'lcoao vavaiv. wefevev
8B Ovyr7 T&)V HIEXOrOVVto'rv )v EyeveO 7rpO; 7T7v
"A/3v8ov" ical 6 Dapvd3a8oo 7rape/3oij0e, Ical
e7rewo-Balvav T L'7w71 el's r7v a aTTaav pLtepL
8vvaTo fv derop cXTO al o1o aiXXot' Trot avrov
7 lT7rei7 t cal a reaob, rapeKeXcevro. avlopa'-
av6re 8e Tav vaDs ol IleXoTrovvwoL-to KIal rapa-
-Tadp~Evot 7rp 7y y t edd4oVrO. 'AOr]vaot Be$
tr--rXevo-av, TpidicovTa vai 7&v TrOX6ep/tL Xa-
O/3re va K t a va r a r oXilTO a ~Xsav Icopta'devot,
8s d19 o-Tr7. eVTrev 6 7TrXv TerT'apdicova vewv
dXXat aXXl wyXOVT eir' apyvpoOXOyLav a~'t TOD
'EXXhyoTrd'rov* Kal J Opdo-vXXoq, el4 0v Tov
o-TpaT]ny&wv, ely'A9:)aq 6'rXTevee ravGa 4Eayye1VXv
Ical o-patav ical vaGF aivrjawv.
9 M -Ta Se Ta'a a Tt'o-a-ac/pr7 ijX0ev elb 'EXXL-
a-7ovrTOV' d-(ioKoLevov Se' rap' aVrbo p ta u rpo7pel
'AXict83td'lv vtd 76 Ka 8 pa iyovTra avUXaf/ov
elpev Ev ZdpSecri, dacdroKuv IceXevewv Sao-sX'a
10 7roXeyzev 'AOravaloto. ~~ppat'' 6 rptadiovra
iarepov 'AXKL/3td81 dc ipSc1 wV ie'ra MavwrtOov
T70o AXdoroI dv Kaplqa 77mrv evTroprjavTre
vvIKrc aTre pao-av el, KXaaogevad.
11 01 S' ev Ior&r 'A0WAvalot alae6OJpvoi Miv-
Sapov rkXetv dEr' abrovao EiEhXoVra vavaOrv 4e -
Sc 4wfivoi; MSS.: Kel. brackets.







HELLENICA, I. i. 5-"1

the Athenians set out against him and did battle, 411 B.o
along the strand near Abydus, from morning till late
afternoon. They were at some points victorious and
at others defeated, when Alcibiades sailed into the
Hellespont to their support, with eighteen ships.
Thereupon the Peloponnesians took to flight in the
direction of Abydus; and Pharnabazus came along the
shore to their aid, and riding his horse into the sea
as far as possible, bore a share in the fighting and
cheered on his followers, cavalry and infantry. Mean-
while the Peloponnesians made a barrier of their ships
and marshalled themselves on the shore and fought.
At length the Athenians sailed away to Sestus after
capturing thirty of the enemy's ships, though without
their crews, and recovering those which they had
previously lost themselves. From Sestus all but
forty of their ships went off in different directions,
outside the Hellespont, to collect money; and Thra-
syllus, who was one of the generals, set sail for
Athens to report these events and to ask for troops
and ships.
After this Tissaphernes came to the Hellespont;
and when Alcibiades with a single trireme went to
visit him, bearing friendly offerings and gifts, Tissa-
phernes seized him and imprisoned him in Sardis,
saying that the King ordered him to make war
upon the Athenians. Thirty days later, however,
Alcibiades, together with Mantitheus, who had been
taken prisoner in Caria, provided themselves with
horses and made their escape from Sardis by night to
Clazomenae.
Meanwhile the Athenians at Sestus, learning that 410 B.a
Mindarus was planning to sail against them with






XENOPHON


cov'ra, vvKTW Avrrepacrav els Kapliav. evravOa
icalb 'AXItc)tsp8) fKcer v ~ T rv KXa~oeievrv
a-vv Viev7e prjpeCl, icai E'7TacTpli'8. rvO6jievo's
OT' ~L alt T2v nleXojrovvoa-wov vle d 'A8/3ov
dYhirfLevat elev els Kvtucov, aVO'V Ev ef q 2XOev
el Z1tj-dV, Tda &8 vavg 7epLrX6ev eYic i-e dce'-
12 Xev-ev. eIrel 8' i'xQov, avd/year-at i 8 aviro
iLeoXXro TO s c e 'r, vavtaaxlaav r etairXei Orlpa-
LevFE e',coo-t vavo-v adro MalceSovLaq, 'ta 86 Kal
Opaa-ovXovXo eticoaotv 'rpaLt dic Oao-ov, adp.6-
13 -repobt tlpyvpoXoyrKcdreq. 'AXKL 3P d cB 7 i S E eli'7v
Kat TOVTOLt' SLKICEv avro'v eeXotevoKt Ta /L'yaXa
lo-ia avb7' 6vrXVoev etl Ifldptov dtipdat &
yev6lievat al ve a~ ao'-at Iv Ilapap C ta'& y8oj-
Kcovra TjI; emovriyr VVICT (CI V712ovTO, ial Tyr
dX)y /pepP rep't dpTiarov Apav dIco elg Ilpocov-
14 vio-ov. K~ce 8' eirvOovTo Trt MivSapo eiv KvKic
etl 7ca'l apvd/3al o /PeTa TOO VreoD. TavrTfl) pfv
oiv T7v i Iepav abroDv E'ietvav, 7T Se orepala
'AXcK3idS'i8 EiKKCXcatLav 7rota-aq 7rapeKeXeveTro
abvrol Ot v AdTyKlc e6') ical vavtuaxev cal 'reo-
paxev Kat TetXoIaX"v'e O ,yap "ort, I V ,
XprpIaTa titkv, TroL' S8 7roXe6/loit d80ova 7raph
15 3aoa-~rXe. T7y S 7rpoTepala, Itreet\ CppLo'avro,
Ta 7rXola ra'vTa Kcat Tah rtucpa avvOrpotr-e 7rap'
eavr6v, 0trnov /gSel S E' ayeiXat ro1Z 'rroxefliot9
Tob CVXjOOI TCOv vey), E'rKJ4ppve re, bq av AVl-
acyTrat el' rb 7repav 8taIrXcev, Odva'rov Tr
16 tl.nav. /Iera Se TTV EKKCrjLaav 7rapaaKeavaad-







HELLENICA, I. I. 11-16

sixty ships, withdrew by night to Cardia. There 410 B.c.
Alcibiades joined them, coming from Clazomenae with
five triremes and a dispatch boat. But upon learning
that the Peloponnesian ships had set out from Abydus
to Cyzicus, he proceeded overland to Sestus and gave
orders that the ships should sail around to that place.
When they had arrived there and he was on the
point of putting out to sea for battle, Theramenes
sailed in from Macedonia with a reinforcement of
twenty ships, and at the same time Thrasybulus
arrived from Thasos with twenty more, both of them
having been engaged in collecting money. And
after bidding them also to follow after him when
they had removed their cruising sails,' Alcibiades set
off with his own ships to Parium; and when all the
ships had come together at Parium, to the number
of eighty-six, they set sail during the ensuing night,
and on the next day at breakfast time arrived at
Proconnesus. There they learned that Mindarus
was at Cyzicus, and also Pharnabazus with his army.
Accordingly they remained that day at Proconnesus,
but on the following day Alcibiades called an assem-
bly of his men and told them that they must needs
fight at sea, fight on land, and fight against fortresses.
"For we," he said, have no money, but the enemy
have an abundance of it from the King." Now on
the preceding day, when they had come to anchor,
Alcibiades had taken into his custody all the vessels
in the harbour, even the small ones, in order that no
one should report to the enemy the size of his fleet,
and he made proclamation that death would be the
punishment of any one who was caught sailing across
to the other side of the strait. And after the
assembly he made preparations for battle and, in the
1 Thus clearing for action."
7






XENOPHON

pevo; 6q? E7L vavtjaXlav avvaTO yay ero TT
KVtucov VovToq woXXn e'retS ,' eyy'VY Ti9
Kvri'cov v, alOplay yevop.evIF Kal Tro I~Xlov
e cXdafravTos icaOopa Ta" r70o Mtvsdpov val9
yvpaaoe'vav 7roppaot a7ro Tro iXtCe'vog /cal aTret-
17 X rij7pvaT bvT' avTov, e'iCovTa oi'o-aa. ol S
HeXorirovvrotot, 18'o'vreq Tra TIV 'AOavalwv Tpora-
pevt ov'a,; 7TXEIOVq T6e 'TOXXm( ) 7 rpo'TepOV Kal
7rpo 7T( XL/LEAv, e'Uvov eV T71V 7y1r7 ical ovvop-
jicra6VT64 Taq vaq Eva'XOVTO e'rtrXC'eoVo- TOt
i plrvers 7rLt va99 Exadovuro in ova s 7ols
18 cvavw'oV. 'AXi3t,SPrd8F e 7aL' e'lcoL t Tco v veT M
1 reptrXevo-aX a avre/i el s rv 'yv. 180v Se d Mtv-
Sapov, cal avToi d'nro3aq ev rTi J aoevo
aire;Oavev ol 8E /t,' alTrov oVref 'evyov. Ta
8' vavs ol 'AOr7vaio qoi vorO Sbyovre t d'rd-aa ef1
IfpoKovvioov o rX~ v TiV vpaco iowv" iceivaq 86
av'rol IcaTcavo-av ol Svpai~oato.
'EIceWev 8 7~ .i ..Vrepala rXeov ol 'AOqvaZoi
19 e7rl KUilcov. ol 8 Kvti'rKvoi To' v IIeXorov-
vYrlwv Kal cIapva,&dov xXicr6v'rowv avT'v 08-
20 XOVTro Tro 'A6Ova'ouv. 'AX/ct/3tdiC~B 8 puelva
avbrov elooartv wpIpaf KaXp~l xpTa a 'roXXa XaP3fv
rrapa TWv Kvtiwc ovv ovS'v aXXo icacov epyao-d-
pievoF v rV 7wroXet aTre7Trevev elF lpoKovvyo-ov.
icetWev 8' wrXevo-ev Klcy I'pwiov Ial SXvupviplav.
21 xKa IleplivOiot pLEev elQoSc avTo 6el To d a-' T
o'TpaTO7reov' $rlXv/j/3pavolt U 08e'avTro pev ov,
22 Xprn. ,aTa Se e'oo-av. eVTrei6ev 8' &d c(LoIjevot 7Tr?
KaXXlovfa eklv XpvoaoroXv edTelto-av avr7-v,
cal StcaevrEjptov KaTeo-Ievaorav ev avTr, Kal
Tr)v SeKadr1Y v e,'eXyoC 0T'V C Toil Ilodvurov 0rolov







HELLENICA, I. I. 16-22


midst of a heavy rain, set out for Cyzicus. When he 410 .c.
was near Cyzicus, the weather cleared and the sun
came out, and he sighted the ships under Mindarus,
sixty in number, engaged in practice at some dis-
tance from the harbour and already cut off from it
by his own fleet. But the Peloponnesians, when
they saw that the Athenian triremes were far more
numerous than before and were near the harbour,
fled to the shore; and mooring their ships together,
they fought with their adversaries as they sailed
down upon them. Alcibiades, however, with twenty
of his ships sailed round the fleets and landed on
the shore. When Mindarus saw this, he also
landed, and fell fighting on the shore; and those
who were with him fled. And the Athenians took
away with them to Proconnesus all the Peloponnesian
ships, except those of the Syracusans; for these were
burned by their own crews.
From Proconnesus the Athenians sailed on the
next day against Cyzicus; and the Cyzicenes ad-
mitted them, inasmuch as the Peloponnesians and
Pharnabazus had evacuated the city. There Alci-
biades remained for twenty days, and after obtaining
a great deal of money from the Cyzicenes, but with-
out doing any further harm in the city, sailed back
to Proconnesus. From there he sailed to Perinthus
and Selymbria. And the Perinthians admitted the
Athenian forces to their city, and the Selymbrians,
while not admitting them, gave them money. From
there they proceeded to Chrysopolis, in Calchedonia,
and fortified it, established a custom house in the
city, and proceeded to collect the tithe-duty from
vessels sailing out of the Pontus 1; they also left there
1 i.e. a tax of ten per cent. on all goods passing out through
the Bosporus.






XENOPHON


IcaU bvXacv eyIcaraXt7rOlre vav rptdicovTa xal
o-rparijyc Svo, 0@ paiev'y7v Kcal Ei4laXov, 7ro re
wpEov erripeiXealat Kalt rwv e1crrXeovrTv rXolov
.atcal et Tt aXo S vatvro P/d'rreTtv Trov 7roXeplovs.
ol S' aXXot cr-pa7flyol ed T\v 'EXX'ja Tovrov
?)XOVTO.
23 Ilapa 8e 'I7r7roKpaiovo T70 Mtv8dpov eri-
o-ToXeo) elI AaKeSaiiova ypadjpaTra 7rEdPoeVTa
edXwaav el 'AO-va Xe'yovra 'rdSe "Eppet Ta
KaXa. MivWapov a oreaova. tretvwvr T wvpe'.
24 arioplofUTe ri ) gp 8pav. 4(apvd/3aro SE TravTt
7r TWv IeXo0rovvoriPoaOv arparevTfart ica 70l
o-vypaxotr 7rapaKcevea',uevoge pl a /vIeLv 'iveca
(VXov, cw< ovrwv 6 roXX&v edv 7r ao-tXel &'O9 av
Ta off a7raa O-)a 1, ip .aTito T' 'E8OICeV ecaOTq) Ka
ep6~tov Svo v votv vot, Kca odrXi-aq ro T vavTaf
(f tXaKaG KaraTr770e 7I19 eaUvrov rapa0aXaTrria
25 7y49. Kal o-vyicaXe'o-a To70v e a Tro TWV 7rOXewv
e7pa72,tYov9 Kat, 7ptlpapXOVU EK' eXUE avTrrlyei-
aas 7 TptLpetf v 'AvradvSpy c-ag etcaarot arroo-
Xeo-av, Xprtyard Te StSov~; ical vXIv eie 7iM "IS7)
26 Kopuiteo' at (pdairv. vavnrr7yov.lue'v 8 ol Svpa-
KO tot iga o70 'AvravSplosF 70rov 7eCXOvU
6er71-ereAx av, Kai ev 72 (kpovpi *perav 7raVwT0V
pdtaXtra. &ia 7raa Se evepye-a'a re ral roXtTr'a
lvpaKoatiotq dv 'AvrTdvSp 'rear. capvdj/ago9
hLEv oOv raGra 8taTarda ev0bv elN KaXXrlova
f3o09ei.
27 'Ev &S 7e XppoPv 70 L TOvT 777yX07 ro70 7rTv vpa-
Kocitv oTrpa7?'?Y' oiltcoOev oSt ijevyotEV VrT 70r
8'4ov. oV7KalyKXoavTeg o'v Tov ejavUrWv rTpa-







HELLENICA, I. I. 22-27

as a garrison thirty ships and two of the generals, 410 r.c.
Theramenes and Eumachus, to have charge of the
fort, to attend to the outgoing ships, and to harm
the enemy in any other way they could. The other
generals returned to the Hellespont.
Meanwhile a letter dispatched to Lacedaemon by
Hippocrates, vice-admiral under Mindarus, was inter-
cepted and taken to Athens; it ran as follows: "The
ships are gone. Mindarus is dead. The men are
starving. We know not what to do." Pharnabazus,
however, urged the whole Peloponnesian army and
their allies not to be discouraged over a matter of
ship-timber-for he said there was plenty of that in
the King's land-so long as their bodies were safe;
and he not only gave to each man a cloak and sub-
sistence for two months, but he also armed the
sailors and set them as guards over his own coast-
line. Furthermore, calling together the generals and
ship-captains from the various states, he bade them
build triremes at Antandrus to equal the number
which they had severally lost, giving them money
for the purpose and telling them to get timber from
Mount Ida. And while the ship-building was going
on, the Syracusans helped the Antandrians to finish
a portion of their wall, and in the garrison-duty made
themselves most popular. For this reason the Syra-
cusans now enjoy at Antandrus the privileges of
benefactors and citizens. As for Pharnabazus, after
making these arrangements lie went at once to the
relief of Calchedon.
At this time word came from home to the Syracusan
generals that they had been banished by the demo-
cratic party.1 Accordingly they called together their
1 The generals being of the oligarchical party in Syracuse.






XENOPHON


7 -u'a o 'EppaTOpa7ovu 'rpOryopovTo{ aTTwoho 6V-
POVTO T 7V av'Trov rv1J) op6v, (k oSIcwft O fevyotev
a'lavrT6 7r raph ~veav vov apve iv Te 7poO-
pov? elvat ical Ta Xotrd, wi rrep Ta T7porepa, tial
dvSpaq Avalobv Trp0b Tha el 7rapayyeXXo/Lpeva,
edec-Oat 8 i eXeevov appovTra, teLpxe av dl(i-
28 icovTat o'0 ypr7 0t Avo ic'vVw. ol 8' ava/3oi-
aavTE eCICeXevov eiclvov a6pXetv, ical JadXtrTa ol
7ptIpapXot ical ol eTri/3aat ica ol icKvepvJ7at.
ol o' oic 'aaav eZv v o-Traao'tda v 7xp79 'rv av-
Tr&v 7r6ltv el 84 rt7s ructaXolry Tt abuTot, X6yov
6'aa'av Xprlvat &8tova, 1Pe"rwl/Yovow ocraq re
vavlxtaXia avTro I aO' aVTrov vevicr7caTe ical
vai3 elX'0a7Te, 'ooa re teCTa TO&v aiXov 7TTfl7ro
yey/vare jp 0 7V I'yovuevwv, 7aTtv eXovZeJ 7lv
cpaTrla7rV 8td 7 T73 lj terepav per7Pv ical 8t
7jv vfj erepav 7poOvtiav ical Kca7a y7v Kcal caTa
29 OdXaaTav brdpXov-av.1 obrSevb' & ovSBv edrat-
T'rtoLVOv, 8eooevwv ae'peav, A'O dSiKovPo ol arV'
diceivv ('rparijyoi, A'ltapX6o 7' 'E7rtKVcov ical
Mvaicwv MeveKcparov9 ica lIloraptq FPv;aotr. T&v
S rptPlpdpxwv otoo-av7res ol WXEuTroI Kaca'rdCe
avTov', eTrav etl vpaicovara' to iKovMat, A7r7reTi-
30 fravTo oTrot ef3ovXovTro 7ravTaq e7ratvovvTe' 1il8.
SC ol 7rpbo 'EpO/icpdnaTv 7rpoTaoipthoDvre' pdXIGTra
eT6BOro-av 7Ty T6e erttiXetav cal 7rpoOv/jav Kcal
KOwVOT~iTa. Lwv yap eylybyvwcr-eC TOV er6tXLeeCTad-
1 27, 28 as the MSS.: Kel. inserts lvnsui,'ouv. .. .rdp-
Xovo-'a after rapaep(.yeXA0eva.







HELLENICA, I. I. 27-30


soldiers and, through Hermocrates as spokesman, 4o B.c.
lamented their misfortune in being unjustly and ille-
gally banished, all without exception. They urged
their soldiers to continue zealous in the future, as they
had been in the past, and to be true men in obeying
every order; and they directed them to choose new
commanders, to hold office until those who had been
chosen to fill their places should arrive from Syracuse.
The men, however, and particularly the captains and
marines and steersmen, set up a shout at this and
bade the generals remain in command. They replied
that they ought not to indulge in partizan opposi-
tion to their own government. But if anyone," they
said, "has any charge to bring against us, you should
give us a hearing, remembering how many naval battles
you have won and how many ships you have captured
when fighting by yourselves, and how often when
associated with others you have proved yourselves
invincible under our leadership, occupying the most
honourable post in the line of battle on account of
our skill and your own zealous spirit, exhibited both
on land and sea." But when no one brought any
charge against them, at the request of the troops
they remained until their successors arrived,-De-
marchus, the son of Epicydes, Myskon, the son of
Menecrates, and Potamis, the son of Gnosis. Then,
after most of the captains had taken oath that, when
they returned to Syracuse, they would bring their
generals back from exile, they sped them on their
ways, commending them all; but in particular those
who had associated with Hermocrates felt exceedingly
the loss of his care and enthusiasm and democratic
spirit. For the best of those whose acquaintance he







XENOPHON


Tov Kcal 'pPypiapXdpw Kal KV/3epvlr]TV Kal e' i1-
9aTWv, edlcTo-9 2yLepaq 7rp Kica 7Tpo eao-r~pav
ovva.iwov rpoh T-'v 0K1-c7vv Tirv eavro0 ave-
KowoOro 5 To w jLeXXev M Xhe/ev ty 7rpdreiv,
cKatelvov e'8SaarKE K6EXeJWv Xryetv Ta pev a7ro
31 TOD 'rapaxptua, TA 86 3ovXevoapjA'vovq. dic TOU-
Tcov EppocPaoT7s Ta 7roXXa 6v Trq o-vve68plo
vb86eot, Xeeyewv T- Booxw Kal /ovXevetv Ta
KcpaTIr-Ta. cKaTrryopro-aa1 86 Tto-aoapvov dev
AaKGKati-ovt 'Ep1orcpaqTij-, liapTvpovvTrov ica
'ACTVO'Xov, ical 8doa9 TA ova XyeCL, ctK6io-
tzevoc 7rapa 'Dapvdialaov, *rpiv aiTlo-at Xplj/araa
Xa)p3v, 7rapeo-iceva'ero rpo\ r elv Ge vUpaKco o-aa
KIaOoo 80V vovw 7e Kal }Tpvtpe v. ev TOVTd) 8
7cKOV ol BtdSoXot 7 WV Evpaicoalowv el MiLrov
ical 7rap4Xafov Ta' va0r Kcal T7 T paTevUta.
32 'Ev Odac 86\ IaTaa TOy KaItpv tTOVTr o-rdaoew
yevoIevrI; KicrTLrovawL ol Xacovt-ral ical o Ad-
KIC aploaTjOO' 'ErTEOVICO9. KaTaTia0e id 8 Tara
wrpaiaL oav Titooaa6pvet Ilao-tTTrwlas o Acawv
ecfvyevr IeK 'Tap7r/p e7~r b To vav-ricov, 8 \icetovo
79 popliceL aTro Tr&v o-vpidJXOV, e~eTrLeoffr KpaTrv-
aotTirl8ai, Ical 'rapehXa3ev ev Xip.
33 HTpl 8 i-rovT70V rov70\ Xpvovw Opaavhxov d4
'A'jvat 70 ovro; 'A yt eiC 7rj) eceXe aV 7rpovoutuv
.wotovutevo 7rpoy avla 7~ TCELX B xe T7v 'Af0 -
vaewv2 Opao-vXXoT 8e eeayaywov 'Arvalovy rcat
709 d oXXOUv 70os 7 77 rot 0ovTra a7ravTra
irap erase rwapa 7T Airetor,3 (o9 /aogIero?, Av
x KaT-yopfias rpnpsS MSS.: Kel. brackets.
2 r4v 'AOlpvai' MSS.: Kel. brackets.
SAfter Avicetov the MSS. have yvu/Avioov : Kel. brackets.







HELLENICA, I. I. 30-33

made, both captains and steersmen and marines, he 410 B.c.
used to gather every day in the morning and at
evening to his own tent, where he communicated to
them whatever he was planning to say or to do; he
instructed them also, sometimes directing them to
speak ex tempore and sometimes after deliberation.
As a result of this Hermocrates enjoyed the greatest
reputation in the general council, and was thought
superior to all others as speaker and adviser. He
now went to visit Pharnabazus; and since he had
once brought an accusation against Tissaphernes at
Lacedaemon, in which Astyochus supported him as
witness, and had been adjudged to speak the truth,
he received money from Pharnabazus before he asked
for it, and busied himself with collecting mercenaries
and triremes with a view to his restoration to Syra-
cuse. Meanwhile the Syracusans who succeeded
the banished generals arrived at Miletus and took
over the ships and the troops.
At about this time a revolution took place in Thasos,
and the partisans of Lacedaemon and the Laconian
governor Eteonicus were driven out of the island.
And Pasippidas the Laconian, who was accused of
having managed this intrigue, in collusion with
Tissaphernes, was banished from Sparta, while Crate-
sippidas was sent out to the fleet which Pasippidas
had collected from the allies, and assumed command
of it at Chios.
During these days also, and while Thrasyllus was
in Athens, Agis made a raid from Decelea up to the
very walls of the city; and Thrasyllus led forth the
Athenians and all others who were in the city and
marshalled them beside the Lyceum,1 with the in-
tention of engaging the enemy if they approached.
1 A gymnasium outside the walls.







XENOPHON


34 rpoalowaim. IS6v & e raTa 'Ay,~ awrr'/aye l axe.,
Kab Ttve6G avrTv oX'7yot Trv erL raatv TrrT ToWV
*tLi&v cwrefavov. ol ov 'AW/ivato T OpacrvXXt
&8a 7rava 6't 7rpo Uvio'rpot 'o-av e/' 'a ice, Kat
E firrl -avTo 6dOrXt'ra re abrbv CKa7aXe'aaoaL Xt-
Xlovo, liTrea 8e e&icarov, Trpipei' 6 e 86'rw iOvra.
35 'Ayt' Se c T27 AeKeXELa?1 I8Swv 7rXola 7roXXa
ailrov el IIeIpalIa KaTralovra, ob01v ~3eXo0g 'i
elvat "rovU Ier av'rov roXyv i6 Xpovov 'AWn-
vatovq e'pyetv uTL) 'yj el Mp rty oYXroot Kal o8fev
o Kara OdLarrav 7a ro-T o o' rat-p KrpaTirov e elva
Ic 2 KXe'apXov rb 'Pa lpov r rpoevov wra Bv-
avriojv ~pTe/Jrat eld KaXxrBS6va Te Kca BV~dVTorv.
a36 USofavTo S T70TOV, 'rXpwOEatev v V 6e T
Meydpcwv Ical 'aph TW-v XXOwv avLikdXwOv evre-
IcaiSeca o-rparttorlw&v ILaXXov raxetWv ZXCo.
Kat avTov T'O v VEOV TpeL wOrXXvvUTat dV T
'EXXa-7ro6v'rw ~r rW&v 'A'rticKW V evva vewv, at
ce', ev ravOa rTa rXhoa SLec1vXaaTov, al S' aXXat
eOcvyov el Yrlo-Tor, tceiOev 8A elb Bvdovnrtov E'do-
Oyaav.
37 Kabi evtavrTo XryAyev, ev Z KapXiT8ovroL 'Av-
vl/3a qlyovu/tvov (oTpaTev'oavre EQl TL iceKXtav SExa
uvptao-t a-partan alpov-w v V Tplati lflna Svo
rhoet; 'EXXqviySa? S.eXIvovvra Kal 'Ifiepav.3
1 r ~*is AEKEAetas Kel. regards as corrupt.
SKai MSS.: Kel. brackets.
SThis paragraph and several later passages which sum-
marize in the same way events outside of Greece are regarded
by Kel. and almost all other edd. as interpolations. They
are often inaccurate and always needless. Apparently they
were inserted in unskilful imitation of the well-known prac-
tice of Thucydides.






HELLENICA, I. I. 33-37

When Agis saw this, he withdrew in haste, and some 410 Bc.
few of his rear line were killed by the Athenian
light troops. In consequence of this occurrence the
Athenians were still more ready to give Thrasyllus
the help for which he had come, and they voted that
he might choose out for service a thousand hoplites,
a hundred horsemen, and fifty triremes.
Meanwhile Agis, who could see from Decelea great
numbers of grain-ships sailing in to Piraeus, said that
it was useless for his troops to be trying all this long
time to shut off the Athenians from access to their
land, unless one should occupy also the country from
which the grain was coming in by sea; and that
it was best to send to Calchedon and Byzantium
Clearchus, the son of Rhamphias, who was diplo-
matic agent for the Byzantines at Sparta. When
this was resolved upon, fifteen ships were manned by
the Megarians and the other allies, more properly
transports than warships, and Clearchus set out with
them. Three of his ships were destroyed in the
Hellespont by the nine Attic ships which were con-
tinually on duty there to protect the Athenian
merchantmen, but the rest escaped to Sestus and
from there made their way safely to Byzantium.
So the year ended, being the year in which the
Carthaginians, under the leadership of Hannibal,
made an expedition against Sicily, with an army of
one hundred thousand men, and in the course of
three months captured two Greek cities, Selinus and
Himera.

i7
vor. C






XENOPHON


II. TU 8a aXXp fret, T fv 'OXvytmlv TpTlr
Kal EvevrKcoo-rri, 7 rrpooare6eota vvJ'wpti evca
Evayopov'HXetov, To o-ar8tov EboTr7aq Kvpy-
vatos, dr't E46pou v ~hv roT bv 7rcndpTr EvapXiT7-
7rov, dpXovTo 8' ev 'ABljvawQ EV'ITcovov,1 'AO77-
vatot tLpv OopICobv dreI Lav, Opdo-vXXoT e Tar Te
*rcrO a'-0dea 7rXooa Xap;v /cal 7revracta-XlrXovT
TW vavrWv 'rweXraar-T rotrd/atervo,; c ifta cal
7rGeX Tao t Xpmp'r-evo- Ee'rrXerfevv AdpXopevov
2 TO0 O4povw elh :a'tov. 4Kei 8e pelva9 Tpef 7Lpe-
pa 'wTXevo-ev e(l IIHyeXra cal K vraiOa T7jV Te
X)pav jd8ov Ical 7rpof'pafaXe i relTEt. -ec 8S
7T-I MtX\frov 3oqO9raav7re Tives TOE o IvryeXeDoT
8weoTrapizvovo dSvraT TrV~v 'AOBlvatwv 7roV;' *riXob
3 d8lwicov. ot 8 '7r~Tao-ra al Ical 'rv OtrXt'rV SU
X6o0o 8Sori0ja'avreT rTpo? Trowv avr&v *iXovI
alrr ewctvav a7ravrTa v TW ec MtX -ov ecTos oXt1-
yov, Kcal deari8at Xa/ov o4 SitaxorTa', /ca 7po-
4 ratov earTi7o-av. Tyr 8e\ vorepal ia 7evorav ele
Noriov, Ical eveT0ev wTapaoiceva-al.avot e'ropev-
ovro ei- KoXo (&va" KoXodco'vtot 8e irpooeyw-
pro-av. KCa Tr -too-'1 vvl ? VVKTOr ve0 fpaXov eit
Trvv Av8lav aK/adovro 70TV otrov, Kal Kaciav we
ToXXAa evevrpparav Kal Xpl rypiaa eXa/ov Ial
5 Jv8pdTroSa cKa aAXXipv Xelav 7roXXlV. 7Ta7y 86\
6 lepo-r77 wep TravTa T X'wpa Wvp a re ol 'AO9-
vaios dc TO7 ao-paTow7~rev t er-Kea r vot i aav
xara Tar i8ta Xeta?, Bo?1l?7 7'o-vrv T v ti7TreWV

1 i .. Ebwrmipovos rejected by Kel. and edd. generally, as
are later passages of the same sort, for reasons similar to
those stated in the note on i. 37.







HELLENICA, I. 1. -5

II. In the next year-in which was celebrated 409 B.c.
the ninety-third Olympiad, when the newly added
two-horse race was won by Euagoras of Elis and the
stadium1 by Eubotas of Cyrene, Euarchippus being
now ephor at Sparta and Euctemon archon at Athens
-the Athenians fortified Thoricus; and Thrasyllus
took the ships which had been voted him, equipped
five thousand of his sailors so that he might employ
,them as peltasts also, and set sail at the beginning of
the summer for Samos. After remaining there for
three days he sailed to Pygela; and there he laid
waste the country and attacked the wall of the town.
A force from Miletus, however, came to the aid of
the Pygelans, and finding the Athenian light troops
scattered, pursued them. Thereupon the peltasts
and two companies of the hoplites came to the aid of
their light troops and killed all but a few of the men
from Miletus; they also captured about two hundred
shields and set up a trophy. On the next day they
sailed to Notium and from there, after making the
necessary preparations, marched to Colophon; and
the Colophonians gave them their allegiance. It was
now the time when the grain was ripening, and
during the following night they made a raid into
Lydia, burned many villages, and seized money,
slaves, and other booty in great quantities. Stages,
the Persian, however, was in this region, and when
the Athenians had scattered from their camp for
private plunder, he captured one of them and killed
seven others, despite the fact that their cavalry
1 The 200 yards foot-race.
19






XENOPHON


6 e'a .Ev m)Ob' e'Xapev, e6rTA S dtireTeive. Opd-
OavXo9 8c UETA Ta7Ta A7r'7ayev 7r tl 6a'a'rTav
Trv o-'paTtdv, co el, "E eo-ov o rXevaev-o ,evOs.
Ttao-aiErpv, 8a ala~-Lojievo roovTo TOb Ire'ndpnpa,
o-Tpartiv re oUVVXEye 7roXXv Kat trrea a7re-
crT\XXe rrapayie'XXv 7jro-v el "E eoTov 1 3o 0e7 v
7 Tj^ 'ApTeri8t. @pdo-vXXo0 &8 j3S6fy xal Se/ciry
,uepa Ue Ta eloToVv e "ETeo-ov '7eve,
Kcal TobqI Iev oTrXriTaq rpoh 7-ov Kopro-bov aro/3t-
/ao-a-, TroV 8\ t7TrvrE'a al rreX-aor-Ta ical E7Tt-
aTa c Kal TOb" aXXov? ..dvraa 7rp TOb \ hoq o ri
Ta eTepa 7's 7roehew, a/,a TVj 1izEpa v'rpoOr-ye vo
8 o-pa'roTrea. ol 8' eK 7 rT O rAX"emo? e8o'02oav
'Eoe'o-io0 o' re av/jiaXot,, ovb Tta capipvi] yaye,
icai vpaKOctot- o 7 anro 7tr 'o porepwv ed;coat
vewOv cat avro ecpowv Tre'T, at 'TvXOV TOTe 'rapa-
yevoverat, V eo00Tt ]covo-at .eT7a EvKIXeov Tre 7TO
"I7r7TWVoV Kcai 'HpacXeltov r70 'Apto-'royevov9'
9 aOpaT7Ijwv, Kal &eXwvodtat 1 do.2 oTrot 86 7rav-
T"E 7-prJTO Ev 7Trpo0 TO9 dO7rXLTaq TO7V ev
Kop2 yo-- /3fo4i02parv TOVdTOV \e Tpe/dp.eVOL Ia l
aTroKTrevavTe9 r aE' nv OUV o-E EaTO) Kcal 0el T)7v
OdXaTTav KaTa&t(oavTef C rpo' Trov' rapa T o Xo9
ETpdairov. Yvo, o pv ~B KCKte ol 'AOlvaZot, cal
10 dTr(XovTo avtriov s 7Tptacoo-tor. ol 86 'E' otsot
Tporawov ev7Tala ea-Tao-av cKal eTepov 7rpO? TM
Kopao-o-. ToZt 86 ~ vpa.coo- lots cacl eXtvovo-iots
KpaTtcTOt4o /yevo/oevvs api p-Tea e8oaav Kal lKOLtv
lal I1Sa oroXXoZv, Kal olKeiv A1TeXE 7T) /ovXofevcp

l'EIecov MSS.: Kel. brackets.
SmeAvo6oLat 5o6 Kel. regards as corrupt.







HELLENICA, I. i. 5-10

came to the rescue. After this Thrasyllus led his 409 n.c
army back to the coast, with the intention of sailing
to Ephesus. But when Tissaphernes learned of this
plan, he gathered together a large army and sent
out horsemen to carry word to everybody to rally at
Ephesus for the protection of Artemis. And now, on
the seventeenth day after his raid, Thrasyllus sailed
to Ephesus; and having disembarked the hoplites
at the foot of Mount Coressus, and the cavalry,
peltasts, marines, and all the rest near the marsh on
the opposite side of the city, he led forward the two
divisions at daybreak. The defenders of the city
sallied forth to meet the attack,-the Ephesians, the
allies whom Tissaphernes had brought them, the
crews of the original twenty Syracusan ships and of
five others which chanced to have arrived there at
the time, newly come from Syracuse under the
command of Eucles, the son of Hippon, and Hera-
cleides, the son of Aristogenes, and finally, the crews
of two Selinuntine ships. All these contingents
directed their first attack upon the hoplites at
Coressus; and after routing them, killing about a
hundred of them, and pursuing the rest down to the
shore, they turned their attention to those by the
marsh; and there also the Athenians were put to
flight, and about three hundred of them were killed.
So the Ephesians set up a trophy there and a second
at Coressus. They also gave to the Syracusans and
Selinuntines, who had especially distinguished them-
selves, the prizes for valour, not only general prizes,
but many to particular individuals among them,
while upon any one of them who at any time might
desire it they conferred the privilege of dwelling in
Ephesus tax free; and to the Selinuntines, after






XENOPHON


jet. ZeXtlovctov? 8e, r7TE 1j 7roXl a7rOXXeIt,
ial TroXMrefav 'Socav.
11 01 8' 'ArYvaot Trov' veIcpov b7rovTrrovSovv d'ro-
XaP/bvTe ArberXevoav de NorTov, icaKcet Od'avTre
abTrob 9irXeov drt Aena3ov ical 'EXX or'6vUrov.
12 p~toDVw eve S ev MrLv~Pvy TrV A4ap3ov etov 7rapa-
'rXeoora o 'Ef~o-ov Ta" Svpa colas' vavs 'rvTe
ealt e'kocr- ical edr' avuTa avax~E'evT TreT'rapav
p v Xa/3ov arToEv Av8pdat, TAv 8' aXXa t caTe-
13 oSiav el6s "ECeoov. Kal 'robv \Iv aXXovv alxIta-
XdOTovU Opdo-vXXov el 'AOqva faretr e 7dv-
'AXictj3d81v 8' 'AOrovatov, 'AXKLi/3 pt v o Ta
aveibov Ical oavy~iv/afyda, careXevOcev. Evreu6fv
8" r'Xeva-ev 6E lRv So7"r7ov rpo rb A XXo o"rpd-
Tevua ecef0ev Se a7vaoa A rrpant Ste/3yi elv
A difalcov.
14 Kai X)et ov e Tr(e, dv o aixU(dXWTroT lvpa-
cKOtOI, eipypievot TO7 Iletpati ic XtorTopi4al, 8to-
pvuavTrcv 'Tv TrETpav, o8pbropvTeI VVr/To Xov'ro
15 et' AeeceXctav, ol 8' e1i Meyapa. e'v U8 7 Aap-
d*adc oa-WvrTarTovro; 'AXct/3ftdov T Tocpdc~aevfua
rwrv ol 7rprpot orTpaTicTai Ovic de/38oovo ro TO
IerTa Opacrva- ov I-vvTaTTlEcr at, c4 avToii /pv
ovTes 71Tr7roI, dIceIvo& 86 O 1'TT?7pVO t 'icotev. Ev-
rTaba 8' Jxeieuatov 7rav'res Adcfraicov ctXl'i-
16 'ov'T6. teal 4-Tparevo-av rpov "A/'Avovo Dapvd-
/3aov 8S' /3o'0ro-ev 'rvrot 7r'oXXoiF, ical dXy







HELLENICA, I. n. 1o-16

Selinus had been destroyed,1 they gave the rights of 409 B.c.
Ephesian citizenship as well.
As for the Athenians, after obtaining a truce and
so recovering the bodies of their dead, they sailed
back to Notium, buried the dead there, and sailed
on towards Lesbos and the Hellespont. While they
were at anchor in the harbour of Methymna, in Les-
bos, they saw sailing past them from Ephesus the
twenty-five Syracusan ships; and putting out to
the attack they captured four of them, men and all,
and chased the rest back to Ephesus. And Thra-
syllus sent home to Athens all the prisoners with
the exception of Alcibiades; this Alcibiades, who
was an Athenian and a cousin and fellow-exile of
Alcibiades the general, he caused to be stoned to
death. Then he set sail to Sestus to join the rest of
the army; and from Sestus the entire force crossed
over to Lampsacus.
And now the winter came on. During the course
of it the Syracusan prisoners, who were immured in
stone quarries in Piraeus, dug through the rock and
made their escape by night, most of them to Decelea
and the rest to Megara. Meanwhile at Lampsacus
Alcibiades endeavoured to marshal his entire army
as a unit, but the old soldiers were unwilling to be
marshalled with the troops of Thrasyllus; for they
said that they had never known defeat, while the
others had just come from a defeat. Both contin-
gents, however, wintered there together, occupying
themselves in fortifying Lampsacus. They also made
an expedition against Abydus; and Pharnabazus,
who came to its aid with a large force of cavalry, was
1 By the Carthaginians, shortly after the events here
narrated.






XENOPHON


iTT'r60e61 'OuvIyev. 'AX/cLP/3tdy 8e e8iAcev xerov
'TOW re I7mrea9 KCa TV rv -XLrMYV etICOat iat eKca-
TOP, &ov wpx6 Mevav8poi, pieXp aKOdTO Cd~heXero.
17 ic 8' Tq) plX1~q Tav'rVT Orvve'/3?7rav oL a-Tpartiwrat
avTro avTrois Kal j rad ovro rov taera O8paoavX-
Xov. e'7Xov 8e' Tlva} Kcal AXXaq i!68ovs roi
XeCIYvo elV rr)v vTrepov cal eXropoovv T71) jSaeit-
Xcoq Xwcpav.
18 T6 8' abr& Xpovco icat' AaKceSatpot6vio rovs e6
TO KopvUda Iov Tr& EItXWLrwv aiaE r7ra 'K
MaXlav brroou7ov8ovu ad0cKav. KarTa 8 TrV
aVTov icatpov Ka'i ev 'Hpat i TpalXovia
'Axa&Ob TO? eb drotcovw, avTtreray/Typev(v 'rrTVTWo
n-pbo Oiralov ,roXeplovv bvTrai, rpocSooaav, wore
aTroXCeo-at aV &rcv '7pb errTaxco-lov oib 7T, IC
AaeSaifovov dAppI-ooTr A/3apwTy.
19 Kat o e vavroV 'Xyevh ry o'ro, ev 5 Kal M8l0o
aJro Aapesov Tro HIaepav /3a-tXCrao) d4roa"Tdvre
7rdXtv 7rpoo-erwpr7aav arty.1
III. ToD 8' Errriro9 Cov, do v oKaloa vews
Tr 'AOI&va cvweTrpJEpo-0'q rpro-Trpo? e'ITeO"'ovT&.
8rrel 8' o yetulovw eXiye, HavTaicXeovv IUhv lfoo-
peaovro;, apxovwro 8' 'Av'rye'ovI, apov apXo-
ftevov, Svov icat ed'coaIvw drev rTW woX'ep rapeXl-
vo'i7wv,2 ol 'AOrivatot eTrXevaav et' TrpoKCvvr(-ov
2 wravrm T(7 orpaTorew. iceOev 8' ir KaXXlBo'va
Kal Bvdv'tiov opp cLj aPTV e e-TpaTo7re8Tevo-a'a
?rpoq KaXXiyvSt. ol 8S KaXX~'dveot rrpoortwvTa
SThis paragraph is probably an interpolation. See crit.
note on i. 37.
2 To .. dr. gros and navTaK~Aou ... apXeXAvBdrwv
are probably interpolations. See crit. note on ii. 1.







HELLENICA, I. 11. 16-mi. 2

defeated in battle and put to flight. And Alcibiades 4to B.c.
pursued him with the Athenian cavalry and one hun-
dred and twenty of the hoplites, under the command
of Menander, until darkness covered the retreat.
As a result of this battle the soldiers came together
of their own accord and the old troops fraternised
with those under Thrasyllus. The Athenians also
made some other expeditions during the winter into
the interior and laid waste the King's territory.
At the same period the Lacedaemonians granted
terms to the Helots who had revolted and fled from
Malea to Coryphasium, allowing them to evacuate
Coryphasium unmolested.1 At about the same time,
also, the colonists of Heracleia, in Trachis, were be-
trayed by the Achaeans in a battle where both peoples
were drawn up against their enemies, the Oetaeans,
and as a result about seven hundred of the Hera-
cleots perished, together with the Lacedaemonian
governor, Labotas.
So this year ended, being the year in which the
Medes, who had revolted from Darius, king of the
Persians, were again reduced to subjection.
III. During the ensuing year the temple of 408B.c.
Athena at Phocaea was struck by lightning and set
on fire. When the winter ended and spring began,-
Pantacles being now ephor and Antigenes archon,
and the war having continued for twenty-two years-
the Athenians sailed with their entire force to Pro-
connesus. From there they set out against Calchedon
and Byzantium, and went into camp near Calchedon.
Now the Calchedonians, when they learned that the
1 Coryphasium, or Pylos, had been in the hands of the
Athenians since 425 B.C. It wa ga .isoQrd .largely by


.......in ..... Heo..... ...
Messenins andHelots






XENOPHON


alabopuevot 1 rot v 'A0)vatovm, 7v Xelav liraoav
Kcad'evro ely T' Btlvvo' O^pica' do-TvyeiTova'
3 bvrav. 'AXltcitdSiy 8e Xa/36 v ,rwv re d7rXTr&wv
oXAyovu Kal Trot Irear'a, Kcal Tra vaiy jrapa7rXelv
KceLevaara, eXOv elF Toby BtOvvovbs A7rTyTe TaC 7TO
KaXyTSovtwcv gXpua'Taa el &e 1.ji, 8 o1roXe0a6ev 6' rl
4 a7roiF. ol Se aire'Soo-av. 'AXKLtic8PdSi 8' 7eTl'
KIcev ely TOb oTpaTOTreSov Trjv Tre Xelav Xowv Kaal
ToTreL9 7Tre7rOlt'oflvoP a7TereTEi e Triv KaXXrlGdva
7raVnt T~ orpaTorovdy drob 6aaTaXTr, e179 OdXar-
rav Kal 70TV roratoD 'ov ov olov T' fv vXtvp
5 TretX. evravOa 'IrroKparTs p~hv AateSat-
tpiotvO appOoTr 9ic V7 T w1oXeo ~jyaye Trov
o-Tpartc raq o piaXovlaevo l ol 86 'A9 Ovaoti amvt-
7raperd7avTo ai'r, apvd a3oT S6 e' fT v
7reptLT6tXtUo-vraToV poa-e/3or et oapaTria e teat
6 I'7rotV 7roXxol. 'I.7rrocpdaTrl pt v o3v ical Opd-
o-vXXoa e~ItaXovTO EICa'epoV TOF dO6XIrVTha Xpvov
7roXVV, IjeXpt 'AXKipctdq87v e'ov OwrXlTas T" T va9
t TrowV t77rea e3o?9 Ij0c. Ical 'I1r7rotpaT7Tl
pev direOavep, o 8 /tZe' ab'roD ziVT v iVyov ek
7 r~v 7roXiv. aEia Sb Ical apvdcaco9, ob 8vvd-
ILeVo a0vyJjeJiat 7rpoy Tby 'I-r7roicpdaTr 8t Trj
a'revoropLav, TO7 rrOVaoU icat Tov aroao a TertXoa-
TWO eyYb9 OTV)ovr, a'Jrexwpplo-e eIp TO 'THpdckXetov
TO rTOv KaXXfl1oviav, oa5 Jv7 avrai Tob orparTOreSov.
8 E I TOVTOv Se 'AXK/c3tdL'8v -'v WXero el TO7V
'EXX1r'roVroTv Ical el' Xeppovg7ov Xpijtara 7rpd-
my p 8, -X e7 ol \ gatr &)
2v6 :1 8,Xttw p arpcavIryol avvex'piqcaav irpbi
-26 6 '
* ** ,

..........







HELLENICA, I. in. 2-8


Athenians were approaching, had put all their port- 40s B.C.
able property in the keeping of the Bithynian Thra-
cians, their neighbours. Alcibiades, however, taking
a few of the hoplites and the cavalry, and giving
orders that the ships should sail along the coast,
went to the Bithynians and demanded the property
of the Calchedonians, saying that if they did not
give it to him, he would make war upon them; so
they gave it over. And when Alcibiades returned
to his camp with the booty, after having concluded
a treaty with the Bithynians, he proceeded with
his whole army to invest Calchedon by building a
wooden stockade which extended from sea to sea,
taking in the river also in so far as this was prac-
ticable.1 Thereupon Hippocrates, the Lacedaemonian
governor, led forth his troops from the city to do
battle; and the Athenians marshalled themselves
against him, while Pharnabazus, outside the stockade,
with infantry and horsemen in great numbers, tried
to aid Hippocrates. Now for a long time Hippocrates
and Thrasyllus fought, each with his hoplites, until
Alcibiades came to the rescue with a few hoplites and
the cavalry. Then Hippocrates was killed, and those
who were with him fled back into the city. At the
same time Pharnabazus, unable to effect a junction
with Hippocrates owing to the narrowness of the
space, since the stockade came down close to the
river, retired to the Heracleium in the Calchedonian
territory, where he had his camp. After this Alcibiades
went off to the Hellespont and the Chersonese to
collect money; and the rest of the generals concluded
1 From sea to sea," i.e. from Bosporus to Propontis. The
"river" broke the line of the stockade, but the latter was
carried as near as possible to each bank of the river.






XENOPHON


"apvd/afov Vr'rep KaXXrldvov et'oo-t TaravTa
Soivat 'AWlavailosi apvdf/a3ov xaal Y /3aar-ea
9 'pao-/3pe 'AOflvalov cavayaetv, Ical opcov eSooaav
Ial e6Xa/ov 7rapAh 4apvaj/diov vbroTeXO' v TOv
6opov KaXxSovovt O 'AOffvatol; o0oovTrep elwOeaoav
Kai T ofetXi6eva Xpitltara a7ro8oDva, 'A~lvai-
ovw Be /o 'oXe/iev KaXXryovlot, e~ow av ol 7raph
10 /aorX-Ads 7rpef'a/3epr e'Xowo. 'AXXKtctipd8 E
'TO? 'picoV obVC yXave rrapwv, AXXa 7repi SY-
Xvptf3plav "v wceivflv" S' AC'v 7rpbo To Bvd4v7rov
Bev, 'xwov Xeppov'rp ra's e T6rav8yJlj~ xrcal ,iro
OpaKcv oTrpartoas Kail ltm'r 'ea' rhelovq Tpia-
11 KcooLov. 'Papvaoao 8 '& tr;E; Sev S v cdicevov
otvvvat, 7reptieevev ev KaXXli86v, /LyXpI hX0ot
ec TO7 BvUarVTiov' birete 8 Se Xev, OVic bOq
12 oela-tcOa, el T ~ciexaxvo. aL.rq obpElTa,. t ara T
avDTa w~Joo-ev piev dv Xpva-ro'Xet ols 'Dapvd-
f/af'oq Ere~lAre Mirpofd'T ret al 'Apvd'ret, S' ev
KaXXlSrdt roi s rap' 'AXiciSidcov EipVnwr7ovXr p
Kxa 7 Atort') T'rv i-c KOVtV pCOv Kcal 8' a dXXr-
13 Xot r'o-wTets e7rotrjaavTr. Dapvada oq phEv ov
ebvOq Avvyet, Kat T70oV' apa /3aT RtXa & opevo-
Ivouv wrpeoR3etqs Arav-av ICeA6eevwe eI K4VcKOv.
E6r"tpQr av 8e 'AOqvalwv fcv Aowpo0eo, (oLXo-
'8qe7,, Oeory 7,?, EbpwUrT'6XezoT, MavriOeo9, aOb
8' Tro'Tot 'Apyeot KIXedo-TrpaTov, HIvpp XoXo'.
e7ropevovTro Se cal Aaceaatpoviowv w'rp~r-Qaet'1
1 prp'oeis MSS.: Kel. brackets.






HELLENICA, I. II. 8-13

a compact with Pharnabazus which provided that, in 40s B.
consideration of their sparing Calchedon, Pharnabazus
should give the Athenians twenty talents and should
conduct Athenian ambassadors to the King; they
also received from Pharnabazus a pledge under oath
that the Calchedonians should pay to the Athenians
precisely the same tribute they had been accustomed
to pay and should settle the arrears of tribute, while
they on their side made oath that the Athenians
would not wage war upon the Calchedonians until
the ambassadors should return from the King. Alci-
biades was not present at the exchange of these oaths,
but was in the neighbourhood of Selymbria; and
when he had captured that city, he came to Byzan-
tium, bringing with him all the forces of the Cherso-
nesians and soldiers from Thrace and more than
three hundred horsemen. Now Pharnabazus thought
that Alcibiades also ought to give his oath, and
so waited at Calchedon until he should come from
Byzantium; but when he came, he said that he
would not make oath unless Pharnabazus also should
do the like to him. In the end, Alcibiades made
oath at Chrysopolis to the representatives of Phar-
nabazus, Mitrobates and Arnapes, and Pharnabazus
at Calchedon to the representatives of Alcibiades,
Euryptolemus and Diotimus, both parties not only
giving the official oath but also making personal
pledges to one another. Immediately after this
Pharnabazus went away, leaving word that the am-
bassadors who were going to the King should meet
him at Cyzicus. The Athenians who were sent were
Dorotheus, Philocydes, Theogenes, Euryptolemus,
and Mantitheus, and with them two Argives, Cleos-
tratus and Pyrrolochus; ambassadors of the Lacedae-






XENOPHON


Ilavrjri2TSa Kal retpot, IUE~d 8 T70Orco Kal
'EpaoKpaoT6q, 8' c/evywcv c UvpacKovuaOv, Ical
aeXd4o abroD IIp6Oevov.
14 Ka6 Qapv/Sa'o9 pfv TrovTOV i,3yev" ol 8' 'AOI-
valois T BuvdvT7ov dEroX66pIcov 7repjTeTixo-aVTe,
IKa 7rpov TO TOELXO aIcpoP3oXtlio-uov 'al 7rpoo- oXa
15 wroto0vro. ev 86 7rT B4vavTi' 'v KXdapXos
AaKce8aif.vLioc appOToor-jg ical o-' avr TpWv 7epL-
oliawv rpv Ka c -l Tv veoSajCu8w v ov 7roXXol Kal
Meyapedt Kcai Xpwav avb'T "EXt4Eo Meyapeb
16 Kal Botw7ol Kal TOVTOV apXwv KotpaTrdSav. oi
8' 'AFvalob c04 ov;Sv Syvavro Stavrpd4aaOaL
Kar' oyvv, Ba' V e 'tav a rWv BUvaVTCrOw 7rpo-
17 SoDrva6 7'Tv 7r6X'v. KXEapXyo 86' & apUoOit?
oloevoe ov;bva &v TOVTO 'r7 wotfat, KaTar-T'la-a'q
airara wo dvwaro KiaXXcrra Kal e'rtTpea' Ta
ev 71 7rT hXe KotpaTrda ical 'EXTI, t lffi rrapa
TOV (apvaf3aov el TO 7repav, /otabov Tr TroL
o-rpartOTrat rap' avTro XJrioevov Kcal vavk
cvarXX ttv, at j-av ev 78 'EXX"ourvmT" iXXat
KaTaeaX etyiJiLvai 4povplief VLITO llaatrwrlov ical
ev 'AvTav8p&2 ical &a 'Ay7riav3pla3 elXer e'7T
OpaK cys, e'la7T3TIF ufv Mwidpov, icai b'oars aXXa
vavrwrysetlc'7oaav, ,0podate 8 yevo'pJeval 7rao-at
Kcalck; TrOV' ovidaXovq TWv 'Ar1fvalov wrtovoalt
aoroarado-etav 7 aOTpaTOTrCe8ov aro TO Bva oTlov.
18 -e7ri ferXevuc-ev KXeapXoq, o0 7rpo8tivure9
7 7v 7TroXV T7v BvravTeriv,8 Ktvwv ical 'AplrTwv
Kal 'AvaftcpdiqqV c Kal Avucovpyov cal 'AvaSiXao,
1 ~iat : Kel. inserts gxAxy after it.
2 ical d 'Av rivpyi as in the MSS.: Kel. inserts after i7r is.
BuCaaTiwv : Kel. here inserts 7rpbs i'pyov &pdcixro*TO- i Se oth~.
30







HELLENICA, I. im. 13-18

monians also went along, Pasippidas and others, and 408 B.o.
with them Hermocrates, who was already an exile
from Syracuse, and his brother Proxenus.
While Pharnabazus was conducting this party,
the Athenians were besieging Byzantium; they had
built a stockade around the city, and were attacking
its wall with missiles from a distance and by close
assault. Within Byzantium was Clearchus the
Lacedaemonian, its governor, and with him some
Laconian Perioeci, a few emancipated Helots, a
contingent of Megarians, under the command of
Helixus the Megarian, and one of Boeotians, under
the command of Coeratadas. Now the Athenians,
finding that they were unable to accomplish any-
thing by force, persuaded some of the Byzantines to
betraythe city. Meanwhile Clearchus, the governor,
supposing that no one would do that, arranged every-
thing as well as he could, turned over the charge of
the city to Coeratadas and Helixus, and crossed to
the opposite shore to meet Pharnabazus, in order to
get from him pay for the soldiers and also to collect
ships. His plan was to assemble those which had
been left behind by Pasippidas as guardships and
were now in the Hellespont, those at Antandrus,
and those which Agesandridas, a lieutenant of
Mindarus, had under his command on the Thracian
coast, and finally, to have other ships built; then,
after gathering them all together, he thought to
harry the allies of the Athenians and so draw off
their army from Byzantium. But when Clearchus
had sailed away, those who wanted to betray the
city of the Byzantines set about their work,-Cydon,
Ariston, Anaxicrates, Lycurgus, and Anaxilaus. This






XENOPHON


19 o' brayoiLevo; OavaTov ;'opovv a Aarce8aiiovI
Sth T7'v 7pooo-'av A 7r'Vyer edrfwv, OTr oV rpo-
Soi7l r7v 7rvXi, aXXha ao-cat, wraF8aw opwov Ia'
,yvvaiKa; Xtlup A'roXXvuedvovs, Budcivtov v ical
o Aa/ce8atuLpdvo' Tr v yap ivdv'a aciov KXE-
apXov Troi Aaace8atsov0cwv o-paTitOTai' StSvar
8th TauT' o0lv TOVs rroelovi 'O ela-'o-aOa, oV,'c
apyvppov Svexa obi8 IT' fJ/ urerv AaKeSatiuoviovq
20 dEreT sa a.ro.. araped-KeaaoTo, vvKrby votlavT78
S7T-iXaY TOa T1r pT O pKtLov icaXopevovo ela'T-
21 rya'ov T~ aOTpa'Tevua ical TOv 'AXKictLP3Sv. 6 S8
"EXto,? Kcal KotpaTraci oV'8v ToVTWV e61 'eT
e3oj0ovv PieTa 'ravTwv ll e ry Avy7 opadv' ei S
1rdvTr o ooX l tro ,icaex6ov, ov;iv e'ovre o Tt
22 1rotro-atrv, rrapESoaav ria-i avTov'. /al oTO7I
tpEv acrer's n0r av elis 'AOrvag, cal o KotpardS8a
ev T7 b'XXoy a7ro/awtvOrwv edv IleIpail e'XaOev
daro8pa ica4 Kal wreTr lA e1 icf eteav.
IV. 4)apvd/3afo Se cal ol 7rp/3e0- T (Opv-
yaa edv Pop8i ovb'ref rv X)etju va Ta r ept Tb
2 Bvda'nov werpa'y/Jlva iovaOav. ApXouevov 8E
-ro e'apog 7ropevopE evoit aVro1~ 7rapa /ao-tXea
ranrjvTrl7av ica'rapalvovTre o' 7re Aaice8at1,ovlwv
wrpe'ao-et, Bot(to' Kcal ol per' aL'ro ical ol
iXXot AlyyeXot,2 Kal e'Xeyov o6t Aaice8at/juovot
7rdVTWpV w Sdovnat 7re7rpayOT' eev rapAh f3act-
3 \e'o, Kal Kupov, apErv rdva'Trwv Trv ETr OaXdwryT
1 The MSS. add hvopa here: Kel. brackets.
S-yy Aoi MSS.: Kel. brackets.






HELLENICA, I. in. i9-iv. 3

Anaxilaus was afterwards tried for his life at Lace- o408 .o.
daemon because of this betrayal, but was acquitted,
on the plea that he did not betray the city, but
rather saved it; he was a Byzantine, he said, not
a Lacedaemonian, and when he saw children and
women perishing of starvation,-for Clearchus, he
said, gave whatever provisions the city contained
to the soldiers of the Lacedaemonians,-ihe had for
this reason admitted the enemy, not for the sake
of money nor out of hatred to the Lacedaemonians.
As has been said, however, these betrayers made
their preparations, and then, opening by night the
gates that lead to the Thracian Square, as it is called,
let in the Athenian army and Alcibiades. Now
Helixus and Coeratadas, who knew nothing of what
was going on, hurried to the market-place with all
their troops; but when they found that the enemy
were masters everywhere and that they could do
nothing, they surrendered themselves. They were
all sent off to Athens, and as they were disembark-
ing at Piraeus, Coeratadas slipped away in the crowd
and made his escape to Decelea.
IV. As for Pharnabazus and the ambassadors, while
they were spending the winter at Gordium,in Phrygia,
they heard what had happened at Byzantium.
But as they were continuing their journey to the 4o B.c.
King, at the opening of the spring, they met not
only the Lacedaemonian ambassadors returning,-
Boeotius and his colleagues and the messengers
besides, who reported that the Lacedaemonians had
obtained from the King everything they wanted,-
but also Cyrus, who had come in order to be ruler
of all the peoples on the coast and to support the
1 The reference is uncertain.
33
VOL. I. D






XENOPHON


Ial o-vaTroXe io-v Aaice8atpovio't, Ert-roXljv Te
eepe TOa ICKTcW 7r-( TO /3a1Xetoyv apadyujta
'XIova-av, ev y E'vjv a/cl rdT e Kara~wrw Kvpov
4 cKapavov Trv ecl KaaO-rwCb aApotoluevWt. rb Se
Kapavov aGo-Tt Kvpov. TaaT' ovv aKcovovTTe O& TWv
'AOrvalov 7rpeaifl t, Ical "e'er8 KDpov elBov,
/3povXovrTO PeV /aMXtra lrapa 3aacrXf'a ava fivat,
5 el 8E pal, o Kca8e AwreXdev. Kipov Se' apvapfl/d
eITrev 7j 7rapa8opval rov'; 7rpEao-PELs eavTy c7 p'q
ocica8e roa) a'ro'reJLpata, ovXoliemvo rov' 'A.0r-
6 valovw 1L? el &val Ta 7rpanTTo/eva. apvdfa1 og
Se TeIOf pev caTetXe TobyI 7rpeao3et~, cdaicKv TOTE
pev dvdewtv aTrov; rapa /3aa-i'tXa, TrorE 7 o~ca8e
7 a'7rorrtLeL\tv, 3,v p'r8v pe'iFr ar' dreSr Se' Evi-
avTro Tpe j, o-av, e8ei?01 roD Kvpov dpedvat at-
TOv;, (deacorv OLCo/ciOKeval adraaetv ei't Oadaraav,
wret6\ ob wrapa paa-tXea. 7rej'pravTEq S 'Apto-
/ap~dvet 7rapaKo/Jctat avTov; e.lC evov 8 6\
adrivjyayev el, Klov rTj Mvao-'a, o9ev 7rpo Tb
aXXo aTpaTOTre8fov A7r'rXevo-av.
8 'AXcI/LtaL i dB 8 e SovXOjeCvo 1fTe T6 TV or-pamrw-
rTv aTro7rXEtv o rcaSe, avxo'l evrv' E'l lov
deKeWev ~B Xa/,wv TtV vewv e'iKtcoov e'7revo-e T7
Kapla, d Thv KepapticWv IKOCXov. diceOWv &e
UvXXEa E'KaTOrv TaXavra a xev el Tr lv adutov.
9 Opao-vfovXov 8~ a'v rpdicovra vavalv rr" @Opd-
Kci' oXero, dicel Ta TC e aXXa Xwpla TTA rpo'

1 Itv uhdAwira MSS.: F AIrTa p~vI Kel.






HELLENICA, I. Iv. 3-9

Lacedaemonians in the war. This Cyrus brought with 407 B.
him a letter, addressed to all the dwellers upon the
sea 1 and bearing the King's seal, which contained
among other things these words : I send down Cyrus
as caranus"-the word "caranus" means "lord "-
" of those whose mustering-place is Castolus." When
the Athenian ambassadors heard all this and saw
Cyrus, they wished, if it were possible, to make
their journey to the King, but otherwise to return
home. Cyrus, however, directed Pharnabazus either
to give the ambassadors into his charge, or at any
rate not to let them go home as yet, for he wished
the Athenians not to know of what was going on.
Pharnabazus, accordingly, in order that Cyrus might
not censure him, detained the ambassadors for a
time, now saying that he would conduct them to the
King, and again, that he would let them go home;
but when three years had passed, he requested
Cyrus to release them, on the plea that he had
given his oath to conduct them back to the coast,
since he could not take them to the King. So they
sent the ambassadors to Ariobarzanes and directed
him to escort them on; and he conducted them to
Cius, in Mysia, whence they set sail to join the
Athenian army.
Meanwhile Alcibiades, wishing to sail home with
his troops, made straight for Samos; from there he
sailed, with twenty of the ships, to the Ceramic
Gulf, in Caria; and after collecting there a hundred
talents, he returned to Samos. Thrasybulus, how-
ever, with thirty ships, went off to the Thracian
coast, where he reduced all the places which had
1 i.e. the maritime provinces of Asia Minor, as contrasted
with the interior of the Persian Empire.






XENOPHON


Aa/eSatplovtiovu pleaOTrrKoTa"c KaT6eIpE'avTO tcal
Odo-ov, eXovo-av cacriS VTro'd e Tr v 7roV pwmv Kca
10 OTrda'ov Ka Xtiazo. Opdao-uv o 8 cBv a- 7y aXy
aopartI elf 'AOivavc KiaTr Xevue' 7rpiv 8E jIceLt
abrov ol 'AO0Yvaoc aoTpaT ryev' EXOV ro 'AXKL-
/3tdScrv p/ev d6"ryovra ical pao- '3ovXov aTrodva,
11 Korvawa 8a rpiTrov E'K TV o'IcoOev. 'AXL(ctB3aSi
8' Ec T27 Ja' OV 'O wv TA Xpj/Iara IKaT'rXEvaev
eli IIdpov vavo -v eldoa-w, dcxeWev S' "av5X77 e9v'

Odvero Aace8aktovovtv avToGit 7rapaa/cevudetv
TptdcovTa, Kal TOD o'ICa8e K ICa7aT Xou OTrwO' I
12 7ro'1x rpo' avbov 'XEL. E7 e 8' Bepa eavrT evvovv
ovoav Kcal rTpa7jrytov avrbv v piaevov al 18ta
kerTa7rep7ro/.evovoU Tor;? erLT'78eiov, KaTe'rXevo-ev
el' TOay lecpai 'epa HXvVrTjpia ?ev 7' 7vo;,
7TO e9ovU9 KaTaIcecaaXvfl1ivov T71 'AMlnva, o rtves
oviorovPTo Ave67n486ieov evat Kca avT, cal 7T2
7roXet. 'AO7pvalov yap obvels v TraVylT 71i7 ~fip
ouevo'e cf rovS3aov epyov ToX/uao-at A/v a\racaOat.
13 KararXe'dovro 8' avrov Te6 e' TOD7 Ilepaio9
xal & TOD O-T6 &lews oxho qO71polao9l1 7rpo5 lrah
vawq, OavldfovreTs Kal 18dv 3ovX6jtevot rov
'AXKtc381AYv, VXyovTTev1 ol /UcV pd( Kpato-ro eTyd
rTov rOXlrTov Ical /ivo'; o0b StKaLw~ca yo, enrt-
/ovXevOels 86 LbvTb -6v e'haTro dice'vov 8vva-
pI.evv JWOX7POlpOrpd Te Xey'ovrwv xcal 7rpo TOb
1 In the MSS. Aeyovres is followed by irT, and dvros
(below) by &rraexoyf7 &r: Kel. brackets.
36







HELLENICA, I. Iv. 9-13

revolted to the Lacedaemonians, and especially 407 .C
Thasos, which was in a bad state on account of wars
and revolutions and famine. Thrasyllus finally, with
the rest of the fleet, sailed home to Athens; but
before he arrived, the Athenians had chosen as
generals Alcibiades, who was still in exile, Thrasy-
bulus, who was absent, and as a third, from among
those at home, Conon. And now Alcibiades sailed
from Samos with his twenty ships and his money to
Paros, and from there directed his course straight
to Gytheium, in order to take a look at the thirty
triremes which he heard the Lacedaemonians were
making ready there and to see how his city felt to-
ward him, with reference to his homecoming. And
when he found that the temper of the Athenians
was kindly, that they had chosen him general,
and that his friends were urging him by personal
messages to return, he sailed in to Piraeus, arriving
on the day when the city was celebrating the
Plynteria1 and the statue of Athena was veiled from
sight,-a circumstance which some people imagined
was of ill omen, both for him and for the state; for
on that day no Athenian would venture to engage
in any serious business.
When he sailed in, the common crowd of Piraeus
and of the city gathered to his ships, filled with
wonder and desiring to see the famous Alcibiades.
'Some of them said that he was the best of the
citizens; that he alone was banished without just
cause, but rather because he was plotted against by
those who had less power than he and spoke less
well and ordered their political doings with a view
1 When the clothing of the ancient wooden statue of
Athena Polias was removed and washed (rAx6vnw).






XENOPHON


avi-rcv titov Kcp8ov 7roXLrevovTrwv, edceivov del To
KcoL'y aivovTOK ical c 7T& aroD icatl a~!r To7
14 T~9 wr6Xeco 8vvaToDY 0Xov'roV 8e TOTC IcpvIo-OaI
TrapaXpjpa T7? aitTac apre yeeev7Pvv7 4' 77a-6-
Spl/coro e614 TA JVOoripTa, vbrep/aXXOJevos ol
eXOpoL TA SocovTra St/caLa chat adrovra avTov
15 qoigeprprav T7r 'arpltSov de oY XBpo' fvbrT al-
xavia 8SovXeveiwv vagydalafl tepv Oeparev'etv rovy
ebXOrTovu, KIvvrveevv ael ?rap' tcdAdo-'Tv 9ipav
A7roXEroa TO v 8 oliceiLTaTOV 7roe ra lva e ical
crvyyeveZsi Ical T7v IV ro'Xv 7raa-av jp&v jea/itapTa-
vovaGav, obZI elyev br F eeXolri Ovy7 at-etpyo-
16 tievoq' oic aoaav 86 rTv o'iwvrep avTO's 5VTOv
elvat Kcatvwov 8eG Oat 'rpaytacTrwv ov' ieTao-rd-a
o -w" VardpXet V yEp Eic Tol 84fov abVT& Lev 7iv
Xe tKXitXITrOv 7rreov eXCLv TOiv re 7rpeO-rsvrepv t)V
4Xa'TToDo-Ba, ToL9 8' avTroDv poi ToLtov'rot
06oc ELb vat otOLtorep TrpoTepov, Trepo 86 8vva-
aelowv a7roXXvvat TObg SeXTLaTovT, avTvo9 86
p'v6ovv Xe0'8verav S(' avrb Troro yarao-OaiaL V7r
7r TroXT(5v rtTI dT4pol feCXTloOjt oObc etXov
Xp]-rOat.
17 Ol 8 Tt T~V 'TraporIo"ivwOv avro ticaxrv
p-- vo alTato e'rfl, T oV re opfo/3epwv SVTOV T roXEL
yevo'at IJOvoq Kitvvvevoos' 2 2YePLov KaTaao-Tivat.
18 'AX\cqu3di8 8'\ Trpbv Tvl ryv o p1waof-elv ajr-
IeSaive pvl OViK evB e'), bo/3ovpIerVO TO? Jy0pov;'
1 roTros oioirtep Morus: rooroS. oorep MSS.:
'roLtoUOLs ... o'ots 7rep ituvev pev Kel.
2 mw'uraI'rol Blake : KrvSvvftra Kel.: KLYUvSEveat MSS.







HELLENICA, I. Iv. 13-18

to their own private gain, whereas he was always 407 B..
advancing the common weal, both by his own means
and by the power of the state. At the time in
question,1 they said, he was willing to be brought to
trial at once, when the charge had just been made
that he had committed sacrilege against the Eleu-
sinian Mysteries; his enemies, however, postponed
the trial, which was obviously his right, and then,
when he was absent, robbed him of his fatherland;
thereafter, in his exile, helpless as a slave and in
danger of his life every day, he was forced to pay
court to those whom he hated most 2; and though he
saw those who were dearest to him, his fellow-citizens
and kinsmen and all Athens, making mistakes, he
was debarred by his banishment from the opportunity
of helping them. It was not the way, they said, of
men such as he to desire revolution or a change
in government; for under the democracy it had been
his fortune to be not only superior to his contem-
poraries but also not inferior to his elders, while
his enemies, on the other hand, were held in precisely
the same low estimation after his banishment as
before; later, however, when they had gained power,
they had slain the best men, and since they alone
were left, they were accepted by the citizens merely
for the reason that better men were not available.
Others, however, said that Alcibiades alone was
responsible for their past troubles, and as for the ills
which threatened to befall the state, he alone would
probably prove to be the prime cause of them.'
Meanwhile Alcibiades, who had come to anchor
close to the shore, did not at once disembark, through
1 In 415 B.c., just before the departure of Alcibiades with
the Syracusan expedition.
2 The Spartans and the Persians.







XENOPHON


edTavao-rTa 6 Se 7r TOD KcaTaorTp(opaTov efKcKret
19 rTov abiroD e7rTT78eilov, el rapely7rav, KcaTt I
S EbpvprToX7FXo 7oy v Heleitva'crol, eavTrov 8
aveJritov, Kal Trov'Y XXovI olICElOV KIcal TO? Xovq
1T aOvT), TOTe a7ro0/3P ava/alve el Tv 7rXi
/jeCa 'r)v 7rapeO'cevaOa' p. v, el Erts a&~roTro, tII
20 ebi-Trp'ewrv. & Se' 7q SovX^ ical 7^ eKKicXi7La
adroXoyp7o'apLero9 ao ob ic are/3iKet, efTrov c8 a)
r&lKicyat, XEXE'vrwv Se~ Kal aiXXCv roovrrAv Kcal
ovSevo9 av7TreroVTOq9 Lh TO fI? ava-'Xo-o-at cv
T7v eKKX?7colav, avapprleLi !7raVTr)v yezw Y
avboiocpap, w< oltos e oTo-atreI T7)V rTpoTrpav
T7F 7roXe6o) 8vCat.U v o, 7rpoTepov1 CLv T fcipa
COv 'AOrivalwv Kcaa Odkxa'rav iry'Vw tV d tC V 7
w7roxlov, Kaca 7?v eroil]7ev eayaayw TOV;
21 a7parteora'a aw'eav7a" LeTa Se TraBT'a iaTeXCVato
'TpaTtav, 6drXira, [v pLrevravTcoo-ov9 Ical tXtiovs,
Ir'rTleaq 8' 7revTiKcoVTa Kal BcaTov, vav 8' eicardv.
Kal Tera' TOv KaTa'7rXovv erdpTr ppiv avr9X7i e~
"Avzpov dea'o-T'r cvav T-v 'Aiyvaiwv, cal fer'
avToD 'Apto -Tropar79 xal 'A etlayvov 6 Aev-
icoXofl7ov avve)rlp O6ra av yphoevot KaTah ryv
o'TpaT r'yot.
22 'AXKticdlSqr e area//3aaoe TO tOTpaTev/la 7Trp
'AvSpl'av X(pa< 2 ek Favpiov" e/c3ov0at-avrav, S8
1Toi 'AvtpIovw ETpe tavno icatl KcaricXEtaav elL
rv rXtv Kcai TLvaTs alircTrevav o wToXXhoV;, icai
23 TOI' Aa'drcvaF oa avTro'l (aoav. 'AXictStcdSi Se
TporaLov re for-'rla, meal /teLva av'roD oXAtya

1 rpdrepov MSS.: Krpatov Kel.
2 xPfas MSS.: Kel. brackets,







HELLENICA, I. Iv. 18-23

fear of his enemies; but mounting upon the deck of 407 B.c.
his ship, he looked to see whether his friends were
present. But when he sighted his cousin Euryptole-
mus, the son of Peisianax, and his other relatives
and with them his friends, then he disembarked and
went up to the city, accompanied by a party who
were prepared to quell any attack that anyone might
make upon him. And after he had spoken in his
own defence before the Senate and the Assembly,
saying that he had not committed sacrilege and that
he had been unjustly treated, and after more of the
same sort had been said, with no one speaking in
opposition because the Assembly would not have
tolerated it, he was proclaimed general-in-chief with
absolute authority, the people thinking that he was
the man to recover for the state its former power;
then, as his first act, he led out all his troops and
conducted by land the procession 1 of the Eleusinian
Mysteries, which the Athenians had been conduct-
ing by sea on account of the war; and after this he
collected an armament of fifteen hundred hoplites,
one hundred and fifty horsemen, and one hundred
ships. Then, in the fourth month after his return to
Athens, he set sail for Andros, which had revolted
from the Athenians; and with him were sent Aris-
tocrates and Adeimantus, the son of Leucolophides,
the generals who had been chosen for service by land.
Alcibiades disembarked his army at Gaurium, in
the territory of Andros; and when the men of
Andros and the Laconians who were there came
forth to meet him, the Athenians routed them, shut
them up in their city, and killed some few of them.
Accordingly Alcibiades set up a trophy, and after
1 From Athens to the temple of Demeter at Eleusis.







XENOPHON


2~epa" e7rXevu-ev els Z/dov, IKiced0ev 6puc/ievoT

V. 01 8O Aace8aqiOVtol 7rpo-repov roVrWv ov
7roXXp Xpov, KparrotTrtrl8a 7riy vavapxlaq rape-
Xri'Xvovia A vcavSpov ~iorefifav vavapyov. o Se
aJr eiOevo elrs 'Po80v Kcat vavD e~e60ev Xap;yv,
e6; Kc Kalb MWX1Tov 1TrXeva-ev, E4clOev 8' ed
"Ecea-ov, Kal eKeti e'jELve vavps 6Xwv /308o1pjKOVTa
PeXpe oi KDpo e e Xap8etv alPtexero. rel 8'
F/cev, av4 83 7rpos avrov ohv Tro' de6 AalKea~itovoq
2 jr-pe-{3eawt. evTraia 8" Kaca e6 70TO Tto--a-
cepvov kX'eyov & 7re~i7r'otyIC e'], asTroD re Kupov
6Beovro on "rpoOvt1oraTrov 7po r7Tv 'r6Xepov
3 yev o-Oat. Kfipo;v r6v re -raT'pa 4''r Tai ra
e7reo~raXKevaa t al aLTo; ovK aW'X' e'ryvoivat,
aXiX 'rrvia rooaev -ew 'cov 8e 8 Kcev raXavTa
revTamoita' eav 8~ raOTa Era CXiTrl, 70i8 1lSotL
yprj)eo-f0a er4, & o ?ra&Tp avT, e'8omicev fv 86
icat raTaa, cal TOP Op0vov KaTaraico'e eC9' ov
4 ~cKao lo, 8vra apyvpovv Kal Xpvo-oDv. ol 8c
raUT' eryovovv cal EiXAevov arbov Ta ats T
vavtr 8paXjLYv 'ATtcjv, SSdacKovrrev o'r, av
OVro9 6 ttro0Ob rye'vnrat, ol T ~V 'At0Yvatwv vaiGra
a7TroXel'fovrt Th a vaOi, Kal /.kel) Xpi/jara ava-
5 Xoo-et. o 8' icaX.o rev ye r arvov9 XEYEIt, ov
8vva'rbv elvaa rap' a& 3ao-Xevy E7rreaTeevt
avT AiXha wIoeos. elva 8' Ka'l Ta o-rvvOja
obT'W e'Xoop a o, TpIaKCOva #tva e KdcTa-Tr vPll TOO
SThe Attic drachma = about 9d. or 18 cents; it was the
average wage of an ordinary day-labourer.
2 Since the war would be brought to a speedy conclusion,
the Athenian sailors going over to the Lacedaemonian fleet
for the sake of the higher wage.







HELLENICA, I. Iv. 23-v. 5

remaining there a few days, sailed to Samos, and 407 B..
from Samos as a base prosecuted the war.
V. Not long before this the Lacedaemonians had
sent out Lysander as admiral, since Cratesippidas'
term of office had expired. And after Lysander had
arrived at Rhodes and secured some ships there, he
sailed to Cos and Miletus, and from there to Ephesus,
where he remained with seventy ships until Cyrus
arrived at Sardis. On his arrival Lysander went up
to visit him, accompanied by the ambassadors from
Lacedaemon. Then and there they told Cyrus of
the deeds of which Tissaphernes had been guilty,
and begged him to show the utmost zeal in the war.
Cyrus replied that this was what his father had
instructed him to do, and that he had no other
intention himself, but would do everything possible;
he had brought with him, he said, five hundred
talents; if this amount should prove insufficient, he
would use his own money, which his father had
given him; and if this too should prove inadequate,
he would go so far as to break up the throne
whereon he sat, which was of silver and gold. The
ambassadors thanked him, and urged him to make
the wage of each sailor an Attic drachma1 a day,
explaining that if this were made the rate, the
sailors of the Athenian fleet would desert their ships,
and hence he would spend less money.2 He replied
that their plan was a good one, but that it was not
possible for him to act contrary to the King's instruc-
tions; besides, the original compact ran in this way,
that the King should give thirty minae 3 per month to
s A mina=100 drachmae=600 obols. A ship's crew nor-
mally numbered 200 men; hence 30 minae per month per
ship= 3 obols per day per man.






XENOPHON


p vo M&odval, oTro-a ayv /3oviwvTrat Tpe'etv
6 AaceSaite8ats to. 84E AvtravSpoi TOTe 6er deto-
rya-ej'e t pe v8 To Set7rvov, irel avT ?rpo'7rdow
o Kvpo; njpeGro rI av dLaXto-a XapiLovro rwotv,
eZ6TCer OT El wpo Tov toc-O'b aTCo-r vavyr
7 6/3oXbv W'poo-0e6el. ex B TOV'rov TT'raper d/3oXo'
?7v Jpto-0rd, TrprTepov 86 TpuI/3oov. Ical TOv re
7rpoo ed6tXdievov ar7'cvce ical I u7t vbo? 7Tpoe'SmKev,
waOre TOb TpdCrevEua 7roXb 7rpolvoroepov elvaa..
8 ol Be 'AOl7vaiot d ICOovoreV ravTa O aO n m pev
etXov, Tre/.Trov 86 wIrpo TOv Kipov 7rpeaoPetqv S
9 Ttro-aa'pvov. SeB o\b rpoao-eEeTro, BeofLEvov
Tto-aa'aepvovV Kcal XryovTro, airep av'Tb broiet
7reta6et' wr' 'AkXt/tidSov, 0a7co'rev 0L v 'rT T)v
'EXXrjvwv j,778 O'LTLVe la-XVpo\t ot-v, aXXA 7'rdvTTe
araeveLf, avTo& dEv abirol'; oTao-rdtOVTe'.
10 Kai j eUv Avo-avSpor, erell avTr TO' vavTLKcv
avveTeTaicro, aveXcvaa< Eay v 7 'EE e'o oicr-a
vav evpepi7/covTra iavxwlav fyev, Erta'Icevdanv Kcal
11 dva'ov avdTa. 'AXt/ctaSd8? S aKo'/o-aV Opa-
avflovXov ow 'EXXE -TTovTU ?jovT arror ELXiL'ev
(i LKaGtav &1TrXevUoE rpb' aLrVTOv, KaTaLraXtrv e' t
TatE vav'tv 'AvT'oXouv Tov aVroI iTO cv3epvljr'v,
E to'Yela 7 ar /Jfl rXev ri T Avra'vSpov vaDr.
12 6 86 'AVT'OXo 7T rT aTro vfl ical a tiXXI e
NoT'ov el TOVb Xi~teva T7V 'Etactov elarorXevo'a
rrap' avra' Ta? 7rp-paT TOv AvRo-dvpov ve&v
13 TrapeTrXet. 6 8e Ava'avpo TOb UV 7TrpFTov 3Xl7ya(
T()V Vrewv KaO6eXKica e8 '/cev avTov, WE S






HELLENICA, I. v. 5-13

each ship, whatever number of ships the Lacedae- 407 B.c.
monians might wish to maintain. Lysander accord-
ingly dropped the matter for the moment; but after
dinner, when Cyrus drank his health and asked him
by what act lie could gratify him most, Lysander
replied: "By adding an obol to the pay of each
sailor." And from this time forth the wage was four
obpls, whereas it had previously been three. Cyrus
also settled the arrears of pay and gave them a
month's wage in advance besides, so that the men of
the fleet were much more zealous. Now when the
Athenians heard of this, they were despondent, and
sent ambassadors to Cyrus through Tissaphernes.
Cyrus, however, would not receive them, although
Tissaphernes urged him to do so and advised him to
see to it that no single Greek state should become
strong, but that all be kept weak through constant
quarrelling among themselves,-the policy he him-
self had followed on the advice of Alcibiades.1
As for Lysander, when he had finished organising
his fleet, he hauled ashore the ships which were at
Ephesus, now ninety in number, and kept quiet,
while the ships were being dried out and repaired.
I Meantime Alcibiades, hearing that Thrasybulus had
come out from the Hellespont and was investing
Phocaea, sailed across to see him, leaving in com-
mand of the fleet Antiochus, the pilot of his own
ship, with orders not to attack Lysander's ships.
Antiochus, however, with his own ship and one other
sailed from Notium into the harbour of Ephesus and
coasted along past the very prows of Lysander's
ships.2 Lysander at first launched a few ships and
pursued him, but when the Athenians came to the
I p. Thuc. 8. 46.
S On this incident see Plutarch, Alc. 35.






XENOPHON


Affrvaiot 7T 'Av'a&yX 4/3o0Oovv 'WrXCioat vavUl,
TOTe 8r1 Ka 7tl wd( av Td'as e7E7rXEL. 6eT 8'
TraDa Ica' ol i 'AOrfvaot e c T NoTloU KcaOeXiv-
cavTre TAs Xotrav 7ptiLpes avl4xOj70cav, g eI/ca-
14 Cri-o? voter.2 dcl rTOVTOV 8' evavud'aXro-av ol ILv
dv raetI, ol 8B 'AOBrvaot Seo'Tappedvat'; Tav
vaval, /,EXp( o vyoov A'7oXe'oavre revTeTai-
SeKa Tptj7petL. Trov 8 avopcov ol pFev 7rXhet oro
ie'cvyov, ol 8' demOyp~jOrav. Ao-av8po9 Se T-d
re vav dAvaXap/3cv ical PporaZov o-T1o-av e7rr TO7
NoTrov 8ie'rXevoev e(l "EEo-ov, ol 8e 'AOrvaiot
15 elt Eadt.ov. eTa Se$ raTra 'AXKitidS9L Jv \XaOv
el6s Ydjov avrf07ly ra, vavo-v T rdo-ata e'i TOVy
XtpCva Tov 'Eeofowv, Kal 'rp roV o-To'/arov
7raperaMev, etl T~ /3ov'Xoro vavfaxeiZv. 4TreL 7 8
Avo-avapo; olKc dVTavl'ya7e 8t To b roXXav vavowi
eXarT'Do-Oat, dbrrXevaoev elt dc/tov. AaKceSat-
LovoI 8 oXiryp b o-'repov alpoD tc Aexftivov cal
'Htova.
16 01 ~ ev o'ica 'AffOvatot, e'reSr) +yyXierl 0 i
vav/,axla, XaXeo Xs elov 7 ) 'AXKLt/is', olo-
/evot St' (ie edtav Te KIal acpaTKp av ~ra rooXewe'vat
Tav vavf, Kcal aopaT7'ryovY eLtovro aXXovU lcxa,
Kdvova, Alo/.&ov'ra, AL0ovTa,4 Ileptilca, 'Epaot-
vlr iv, 'AptaroKpdry', 'ApXeaTparov, IIpoTrdoa-
17 Xov, Opdo-vuXov, 'ApCrTovYevIY. 'AXKicta3Si
pev oinv 7TOVYp)PO ical ev Ty7 a-TpaTIa ofep6fievoq,
Xa/avr Tp7ptrp p, av ar4wrXvoev- eIv Xeppovro-ov
18 el' rTA eavToV TeiXr. UeT Ta ravra Kwovwv
1 8 : Kel. here assumes a lacuna.
2 ivo5ser MSS.: gvro-ev Kel. a 'Hilva MSS.: Tew' Kel.
4 AEov;ra MSS.; Avaoav Kel.
46






HELLENICA, I. v. 13-18

aid of Antiochus with more ships, he then formed 407 c.
into line of battle every ship he had and sailed
against them. Thereupon the Athenians also
launched the rest of their triremes at Notium and
set out, as each one got a clear course. From that
moment they fell to fighting, the one side in good
order, but the Athenians with their ships scattered,
and fought until the Athenians took to flight, after
losing fifteen triremes. As for the men upon them,
the greater part escaped, but some were taken pri-
soners. Then Lysander, after taking possession of
his prizes and setting up a trophy at Notium, sailed
across to Ephesus, while the Athenians went to
Samos. After this Alcibiades came to Samos, set
sail with all his ships to the harbour of Ephesus, and
formed the fleet in line at the mouth of the harbour
as a challenge to battle, in case anyone cared to fight.
But when Lysander did not sail out against him,
because his fleet was considerably inferior in num-
bers, Alcibiades sailed back to Samos. And a little
later the Lacedaemonians captured Delphinium and
Eion.
When the Athenians at home got the news of the
battle at Notium, they were angry with Alcibiades,
thinking that he had lost the ships through neglect
of duty and dissolute conduct, and they chose ten
new generals, Conon, Diomedon, Leon, Pericles,
Erasinides, Aristocrates, Archestratus, Protomachus,
Thrasyllus, and Aristogenes.! So Alcibiades, who
was in disfavour with the army as well, took a
trireme and sailed away to his castle1 in the Cher-
sonese. After this Conon set sail from Andros, with
I Which he had constructed, says Plutarch (Alc. 36), to
serve him as a place of refuge in case of possible trouble.






XENOPHON


Tq "Av8pov ao-v al elxe vavaiv eofiao- 1a-
fvivv 'A"Orva[ov Ed itOV ETrXseo-v erL 7TO
vav ov. .l K apwvo, el "Av8pov '7repi.rav
vaytIutOV, aVT'r 86'Kopo.voq iq
19 iO'avoo-a'fy lv, 7r7Tapaq vaDv ')(ovra. OVTO 70rept-
TVYwV Svov TpLipow Oovplawv 'xeapev auroZI
av8pa'rv Kcal rovq pL alXpaX(LTovv arravraq
SA'ro-av 'AB0rvaol, Tov 8e apXovTra abrOv Awptea,
vrTa fvP 'PorSov, w0haXac e c(vyd6a e 'Alavcv
Kcai 'PoSov ibrO 'AGvaiwv Icarer4caL O'vo)v ab-
T70 OavaTov ical TWV eiceLvov avry'Y6), 7rokt-
Tevovna Trap auToZ9, eCXrva-avTE d eiaav o08e
20 vp7ipaj a 'rpadajievot. Kvoa)v E7reL e6' TuP
ZapoV aLiKceTro Kca T vavTrov KareXa/3ev OWv-
&FL 6xov1, vo-vprXr(ptio-a 7prirjperI J8oo8jJiicovUra
avTi TOV 7rpOrepwOV, ovO(v rrhXov t /caTro, Kal
TaVTarta avayayoievol I' Tera v aJ Xov a-TpaTa7-
vywv, aXXoTe SX,1 at7ro/alvwv0 Ti7 T 7TOV roXe/Iw)v
owpa, Xy^ero.
21 Kal t eviavTro' ef'Xaev, Ev u KapXT776vor els
ItiKeXIav or-paTrevavaTE'r elcoo' Kal cCKaTrov TpIj-
peat Kca wre qri oT'paT7ra S&OSeca LvpLdao-w elkov
'AlcpayavTa Xtlw, IaXy 1.6v )jrTT'8eVT7e, 7rPpo--
KaOeodpevotL 6S TrrTa pifva .1
VT. T1P 8' eTLoPrT &TUe, p q re ?e7ivq Ee-
XrLTCV Ca1rpag ical d 'raXatds TIf) 'A8\v& vea(
ev 'AO,;vatq 'vewprpjalo Iltrva /pV epopevovTo7',
APXovTro 8' KaXX ov 'A0?jv,7a v,2 ol Aatce8at-

1 This paragraph is probably an interpolation. See crit.
note on i. 37.
2 'A0iinviat is probably an interpolation. See crib.
note on ii. 1.







HELLENICA, I. v. i8-vi. i

the twenty ships which he had, to Samos, there to 407 .c.
assume command of the fleet in accordance with the
vote which the Athenians had passed. They also
sent Phanosthenes to Andros, with four ships, to
replace Conon. On the way Phanosthenes fell in
with two Thurian triremes and captured them,
crews and all; and the men who were thus taken
were all imprisoned by the Athenians, but their
commander, Dorieus, a Rhodian by birth, but some
time before exiled from both Athens and Rhodes by
the Athenians, who had condemned him and his
kinsmen to death, and now a citizen of Thurii, they
set free without even exacting a ransom, taking
pity upon him. When, meanwhile, Conon had
arrived at Samos, where he found the Athenian
fleet in a state of despondency, he manned with
full complements seventy triremes instead of the
former number, which was more than a hundred, and
setting out with this fleet, in company with the
other generals, landed here and there in the
enemy's territory and plundered it.
So the year ended, being the year in which the
Carthaginians made an expedition to Sicily with
one hundred and twenty triremes and an army of
one hundred and twenty thousand men, and although
defeated in battle, starved Acragas into submission
after besieging it for seven months.
VI. In the ensuing year-the year in which there 406 B.o.
was an eclipse of the moon one evening, and the old
temple1 of Athena at Athens was burned, Pityas being
now ephor at Sparta and Callias archon at Athens-

1 On the Acropolis. On its identity see D'Oogie, Acropolis
of Athens, Appendix Ill.
49
VOL. 1. 3






XENOPHON


ydvtot T0r AvadvoSpw 'rapeX)Xv967To0 ~r ToD
XpOVov Kai T0 TroXXt'i Te'TTrpwv al et'loctv
2 73v e1 reFaLra eTr T Vs va9v KaXXKcpari'av. ore
Se wrape818ov d ARvoavSpov Ta? va&v, eh'eye T7
KaXtacpa'rtia br' OaXaT'TOCparOp Te 'apaSuSoi;l
Ical vav"/aXv a vevtKWmcco. o Se av'rov EKeC evaO-
ef 'Edeo-ov ev aptcrepa dwov 7rapa7rXev'avra,
ov ~av at Tnv 'A0jvalwv vzes,2 ev MatXhj'r
rapa&oDvat 7T va, /cal I .oXoyIaoev OaXaTTo-
3 IKpaEzeV. ov OCbapvov 8 TOi Ava-dv8pov 7roXv-
7pay/LuovelYv XXov alp"ovT's, avTdo 6 KaXX-
KpaiTaq9 7rpo? al9 7rapa Avacdv8pov Xap/e vavcrU
Irpoa-erXi'pwoev 6c Xlov ical 'PoSov /al diXnoOev
adro T v crv/i/Uav 7rePYv7rOVTa vavg. TavTa' Se
7rdaaa apolba'a, oio'aa 'ref'apadcova cal ica'v,
wrapeaocevcdeTo &o a ra "rlro- .erVOr ToL9 7roXfe/o.
4 KacTaaaOwv 8' br' T'ov Avoaavpov iXAw)v icara-
aTaatiao/j.evoa, ov' jovov dTrpo0/ft.4O V7rrlperTOV-
Twv, aXXa Kcal 8tappooVvTwv v e aiF a rdX6ev bo'r
AaKceSaLtvoI lyeyo-ura wrapa'rrIrortev ev rVs
8iaXaCTTretv TOV vavdpXovg, 7roXXa'ct dvIr' E'ITt-
Te&tlW v4 ytiyvopJ.evwv Kcal dpTs vve'vrwv rd
vavTcLKa icalt, avPpcroLq W9 XyprT-Ov ev5 e yt-
/YvwaaovTrC v dareipovw OaXT'i-7i 7 re plrovTres Kal
wyvw7rag 'roZ' eKce4, Kt1vvvevo1ev TE" TL 7raOelv
St TOVTro' r C dc rOTrv SE7 KaXLXtpa'ri8a; a-vy-

1 Ka ... Tr. is probably an interpolation. See crit.
note on ii. 1.
So ... vPs MSS.: Kel. brackets.
3 r: Kel. inserts ade after it.
4 &' irmTi-Selwv Jacobs : aver~sT6ewv MSS., Kel.
e5 v Cobet: ob MSS., Kel.
50







HELLENICA, I. vi. 1-4

the Lacedaemonians sent Callicratidas to take corn- 406 B.C.
mand of the fleet, Since Lysander's term of office had
ended (and with it the twenty-fourth year of the war).
And when Lysander delivered over the ships, he told
Callicratidas that he did so as master of the sea and
victor in battle. Callicratidas, however, bade him
coast along from Ephesus on the left of Samos, where
the Athenian ships were, and deliver over the fleet
at Miletus; then, he said, he would grant him that
he was master of the sea. But when Lysander
replied that he would not meddle when another was
commander, Callicratidas, left to himself, manned
with sailors from Chios and Rhodes and other allied
states fifty ships in addition to those which he had
received from Lysander. And after assembling the
entire fleet, a total of one hundred and forty ships,
he prepared to meet the enemy. But when he found
out that Lysander's friends were intriguing against
him,-they not only rendered half-hearted service,
but also spread the report in the cities that the
Lacedaemonians made a serious mistake in changing
their admirals; for in place of men who were proving
themselves fit and were just coming to understand
naval matters and knew well how to deal with men,
they frequently sent out men who were unacquainted
with the sea and unknown to the people near the
seat of war; and there was danger, they said, of
their meeting with disaster on this account,-after
hearing of all this Callicratidas called together the

a T inserted by Laves: Kel. follows the MSS., but
brackets a&rEpous ... roiro. Other editors emend in various
ways.
7 ie MSS.: h Kel.






XENOPHON


Kea"X'al; row Aaice8aquovtwv Eicet 7apovTaT e e-
yev avToF' Tortae.
5 'ETpol iev Apxice olot I eovetv, Kai eTe Avna-av8po
e~fe aXXXos TV;' etretporepoq 7repi T a va~TKca
3oiverat elvat, ov o Tw'X v') IcaT' ee" dyc( 8'
vrbo Ty 7ro Xred er Ta vaO, we etrrhf1 obie eXO
vi A Xo otoO h TA /ceXevp/eva c4 Av avwmpuab
xpaTtrTa. Vit9 E6 'p & yrp\a TC Ie _X.orT/Iov.aat
\7al w roXtn (v al'rTdeTaa, 'a-re Ty p avra
woo-rep Kxa ey,, TvIOUvXeveTe Ta apltTa Vfv
80&KoDIra elvat repl T70O ve IvdBe /je'vctv 1
o'tcaSe avo'rXeEv epoDvra TA KaO=eT(Ta e vdSe.
6 OSeVb's Be r ToX o7avTro a'ko rt efrwv Tro
ofi'cot wreiOeoOatl roteiv e e f' a f7ieL, e'XOwv rapA
Kvpov 'Tet fLiObv TOF vavrata"' 3 6 avT6 elre
7 Svo ;'idpaq edtaXeeV. KaXXicpalriSa 83 AXOe-
-Ges1i Tq^ ava/3oxl xal TaEa e'wlt T-a OBvpay
0cLoTro-crW Opyr 0eie al e'i( aOv djO(TaTrovs
elvat TOWV "EXX7rvav, 5Te /3app/3povc KoXaicev-
ovaov feveca apyvplov, dicrCw v Tr, &v o-6w9 otlcae,
KaTa 7ye TO avTrov vvaTOV &8aXXad'etv 'AO1rvaiov9
xal AaKe8atp1ovi~ov, anr'rXhevaev efl MLX.rTOv
8 IaiceWev irr raq Tplrpe' v elT AaKe8altova e'w
Xpqfar-a, eIcKEXolvav apolaas TWCV MtXr77o-wv
TadSe eLTrV.
'Euoiw pjev, MA'-coI Ava' CyKcr o o'IcoK a'p-
Xovro- wel r eOaOa. s 8& c'y ditiLo rrpoOv/to-
a'Tdrov eva el's TOV rrdXlepov 3th TO oiKoDvraT Ev
pap/3apotv WrXelaTa Kaxa t7 v'Tr' aVT;ov rETrov-
52







HELLENICA, I. vi. 4-8

Lacedaemonians who were there and addressed them 406 sB.
as follows:
I, for my part, am content to stay at home, and if
Lysander or anyone else professes to be more experi-
enced in naval affairs, I will not stand in his way so
far as I am concerned; but it is I who have been sent
by the state to command the fleet, and I cannot do
otherwise than obey my orders to the best of my
power. As for you, in view of the ambition which I
cherish and the criticisms which our state incurs,-
and you know them as well as I do,-give me what-
ever advice seems to you best on the question of my
remaining here or sailing back home to report the
conditions which exist here."
Since no one dared to propose anything else than
that he should obey the authorities at home and do
the work for which he had come, he went to Cyrus
and asked for pay for the sailors; Cyrus, however,
told him to wait for two days. But Callicratidas,
indignant at being thus put off and driven to anger
by having to dance attendance at his gates, declaring
that the Greeks were in a sorry plight, toadying to
barbarians for the sake of money, and saying that if
he reached home in safety he would do his best to
reconcile the Athenians and the Lacedaemonians,
sailed away to Miletus; and after despatching tri-
remes from there to Lacedaemon to get money,
he gathered the Milesians in assembly and spoke as
follows:
"Upon me, men of Miletus, lies the necessity
of obeying the authorities at home; and as for
you, I claim that you should show the utmost
zeal in this war, because you dwell arrong bar-
barians and in the past have suffered very many
53






XENOPHON


9 BOat. 8e? 8' ib/u Jifs yd-l6at eo0i &TXXoit
TavptitaXots 6rw av TavtcTd' Te Ica lX pda ra
3dXa'rrTcoWev TobS T .roXe/ULOV An a&v ol dic Aaae-
Sal ovog "IKtotwa, ov ,'y) e'rep~a Xp4jara aoov-
10 Tav, e7rel Td EvvOa~e brapxovTra Avo-avspov KvpV
arroSovv CA rreprTa o~ra o1'xeTaL KGpov Se
dXO9,roI dpoD d'7' av'ry elA dvep /XXeTO po
&SaXXBO'lvat, 'yt) 8' E71-r' Ta; ecelvov V0tpay (onaV
11 oxc cSvvduv ejavT'ov' reF-a. v7rta-Xvo0jiat S'
vlLEv a'viv T' v o'a-vjU/3dvTwv fdv &ilyaOC ov 'v T
XPUovY o av 6 cea rrpoaSqeX4ueOa Xcdpi awIav
AvroSo'e. IXXa av'v TrotL eoi eIeli6OLe' Tolt
pfap/3dpoct 5rt a/cl avev rov decetvovq Oavtjdeitv
8vvdatela 'Tov EXOpov Ttjwopeao-at.
12 'ETel 8 TaiT' E67Tev, avioTaldevot 7roXXoL Ical
pudaX Tra ol al'tagopevois vavorDo-oOat Weto'Te
elao-ryoovv'ro -ropopv Xpy icaW Kal a 'TO1 7rayye-
Xo'1.evot l ta. Xafov S6e Tavra Eiceivo cal eic
Xiov 7revT7paX1y.av ecwaor-) TWV vavrU v EoSta-
crdLevoy erXevo-e 7~r A&r8ov er'- M jOvpvav
13 'roXe/lav oo-av. ob /3ovXopUe'vv Se 7Tv Miy-
Ovtvaiwv 7rpoo-wpetv, dXX'2 4 popwO OVT UO
'AOr'vativ cKa' atv TO vrpad'ypara EXOvrwv aTT-7
ictVTrOV, 'rpoo-aaXl.v alped TrV 7r rrov caTa
14 KpaTOv. Ta pJev oiv XprfaTra IrdvTa &rjpraoaav
ol orrpartarat, T7A \ Avopd7ro8a 7rdvra a-vvj-
Opoto-ev 6 KaXXt/cparttSa, elF T'Vv dAopdv, Caal
K6eevO umTwv y TCvaOwX a-vropooca8o o cal Tro
M'iOvFvalovg ob~c ') fav9rov ye& apovroV ob~bva 3
1 Eadcojev MSS. except V: eidoj/er V and Kel.
2 &.' MSS.: 7T Kel.
2 obSva MSS.: obSv' &v Kel.






HELLENICA, I. vI. 8-14

ills at their hands. And you should as leaders 406 B.c.
show the other allies how we may inflict the
utmost harm upon the enemy in the shortest time,
until the people return from Lacedaemon whom
I have sent thither to get money; for the money
which Lysander had on hand he gave back to Cyrus,
as though it were unneeded surplus, and went his
way; and as for Cyrus, whenever I visited him he
invariably put off giving me an audience, and I could
not bring myself to dance attendance at his gates.
But I promise you that for whatever good results we
achieve while we are waiting for tile funds from
Sparta I will make you an adequate return. Let us
then, with the help of the gods, show the barbarians
that even without paying court to them we can
punish our enemies."
When he had said this, many arose, particularly
those who were accused of opposing him, and in
alarm proposed a grant of money, offering private
contributions as well. And taking this money and
supplying from Chios a payment of five drachmae
apiece for his seamen, he sailed against Methymna,
in Lesbos, which was hostile. And when the
Methymnaeans refused to surrender,-for there was
an Athenian garrison in the place and those who had
control of the government were partisans of Athens,
-Callicratidas attacked the city and captured it by
storm. All the property which it contained the sol-
diers seized as booty, but all the captives Callicra-
tidas assembled in the market-place; and when his
allies urged him to sell into slavery the Methym-
naeans as well as the Athenians, he said that while






XENOPHON


'EXXKjvov el rb ETceIvov 8vvaTOv av8paTro86-
15 aeO vat. T' 8' b;orepaia rove i phv eXevOpovs
d(1ice, ro 86 T ov 'AOtvalwv cpovpobq ical ra
av8pdro8a Tar 8oiXa IrdvTa d reoro" Ko6vvo 8'
edrev 'OTL ravaet avrTv LOitXwvTa TL Oda'XaTTav.
IcaTtSov 8e avrov avayd[evov aia 7.r i "ip'
EfSPv vTrT6Poefivo/iVOV TO 7 ly9 a/ov ?rXoviv,
16 57rco( i/ d icee Ovyoi.' Kdvorv 8' fevye Ta4
vavcrteve rXeovo-ats 8th b Jec rokX iv rrXypwo-
~~~dv eL ;Xya~ XEXEXa TOW apIto-rovv EpE-
Tay, tKal KcaTracevyet el' MvurVXivrlv Tjs Aedo'i3o
/ca obv aVT T9 ~l8ca o-paTry)ov Aeov3 ical
'Epaa-tvL'8i KaXXucpa'rl8a? 8 e aovecr'7-eva-ev
el; TObV Xtieva, Sutcav vavavolv xcaTov /cal t o-
17 KI.jCovTa. Kovcov 8 4C) 'O brr Tro iv 7roXeut'Fd
ca'racAwvOel', ivayKcaO-r7 vavJLaX'crats wpob 7T
Xtije V Kcal A7rche-e vaDi rptdicovpTa ol 8e av pes
e1y T77V ryv c'TmrvIU ov" ,? 8'o Xot'ra's T&wV Vew6v,
reT'apadKovTa oio-av, vb7r 7T TeI'XeL vedi Evo-e.
18 KaXXtacpart8a; 8e Jv 7~ XjifEvt oppto-al'ero 7'rro-
Xtodpcet evraD0a, TOv ec'irXovv eXwv. Ical tcaTa
7yjv /,iera7Tre/.dfr6ieo ro TOV MrOvivatov a7ravslytte
icat cK Ti) Xiov T crTO paTevlta 8te,3it3aae* Xpqi-
pLaTrd e 7rapa' Kvpov aVT6) 'Xj0ev.
19 '0 8c Kodvv erd eiroXiopicero KaZ Ka'ra ryv
Ial /carh Odaharrav, Kia a'L7av ov8a~dioOeE v v

1 els rb i ceIov vvrarv Dindorf: dis rb Ketvov (or 'KEvov)
8vvaraY MSS. Kel. follows the MS. reading, but brackets
the phrase.
2 Sirw,. .iyot MSS.: Kel. brackets.
3 Ae'wr MSS.: Kel. regards the reading as corrupt. See
on v. 16.
56







HELLENICA, I. vi. T4-19

he was commander no Greek should be enslaved if 406 B..
he could help it. Accordingly on the next day he
let the Methymnaeans go free, but sold the members
of the Athenian garrison 1 and such of the captives as
were slaves; then he sent word to Conon that he would
put a stop to his playing the wanton with his bride,
the sea. And when he caught sight of Conon putting
out to sea at daybreak, he pursued him, aiming to cut
off his course to Samos, so that he could not direct
his flight thither. Conon's ships, however, made
good speed as he fled, because the best oarsmen had
been picked out of a great many crews and assembled
in a few; in the end he sought refuge in the harbour
of Mytilene, in Lesbos, and with him two more of
the ten generals, Leon and Erasinides. But Callicra-
tidas, pursuing with one hundred and seventy ships,
sailed into the harbour simultaneously. And Conon,
thwarted in his plan by the enemy's swiftness, was
forced to give battle at the mouth of the harbour
and lost thirty ships; their crews, however, escaped
to the land; and the remainder of his ships, forty in
number, he drew up on shore under the wall of the
city. Thereupon Callicratidas anchored in the har-
-bour and blockaded him on that side, holding the
outlet to the sea. As for the land side, he summoned
the Methymnaeans to come to his aid with their
entire force and brought over his army from Chios;
and money came to him from Cyrus.
When Conon found himself blockaded both by
land and by sea, and was unable to procure provisions
1 i.e. Callicratidas agrees with his allies in regarding the
sale of the Athenians as a matter of course. What he
objected to was the enslaving of the inhabitants of captured
towns which had chanced to be in possession of the
Athenians.






XENOPHON


eviropjoat, oL 8' avOpwros 7roXol v 'u 7 rTrd o
a-av ica2 ol 'AOrvaaot oibc po8oOovv 8th Tob ,L
7rvv0dveo-0ai raDra, IKa0eXKvIco-a T vewOv r7
ipta-Tra 7TXeoieo-aq 8vo e'rX)pwro-e v7p? 'i7epay, 6
arraatov v veCwV Tov' apL ouov epETra' EXA'a
Kal TroV e7rt/iaTd7a eil Kool Xi va0v perag/3,diL'aa
20 Ka Tr rrapap'iaTa 7rapa3aX(ov. Trv p*v oiL
f/jepav ovTrw ave eov, el S 7T v ea-repav, 'ret
Ocro0 6L17, iee13aev, TOZ? 7roXeJlbot's TraaO rrotoLiora,?. rr7Trr7 8E
4p pa elo-0upevot a-ra ,ierpia, Jret8nS q'Sn ppo-ov
j1t-epa6 fv ical otl fopioovfvre oXiycpWL e'LXO ical
Vwot averavovro, e''rXevrav Ew roO Xtpevov,
ical ?'I pEv el 'EXXonrrO TOV pjrf-ev, 8 elf
21 T 7rcXkayo9. T&v 8' ebopItovvrwv 61? tcacrrTo
votyov,1 7ra reTa ayi7ipay adroKio7 vreoTy Kca
yetpoleroVt,2 /3oj~0ovv Tapaype4vot, TVXOVreTE e
Ty 'y, apto-roTorIovvoIv elfO/dvT6Es S6 E~8wcov
rr)v ei TO rXaryos aIoopll-r-aaa av, iCal ala T4
MXtI 8v'OVrt KaTEXa/ov, lcal cpaTrjoavrey payX
avaao-'da/ijvoot rrtyov ely To o-TparoreSov avro't
22 dv8pdo-v. 91 8' 6rl r70 'EXXq-E7rorvrov vwiyoDo-a
vaiv $tSipvye, ical dctiKotzevir ei rTa 'A0i'vay
{ayye'Xet r Tv 7rokXopiiav. AtotAdewv 8 o-iOWov
Ko'vwvt nroXtopKovueva 8o eca vavrov pitu'a-aro
23 ely9 rv eiptrrov TOy Trc MvrtX7rvatwv. 6 8\
KaXXtcparl8ay eirntTrXea a ar6, I fatdvrjy 8e/ca
tl6v T&v vetav Xape, AtoA4owv 8' 6 vye 716 re
abroDv cal "k'Xy.


1 fvolyov MSS.: iVVwrov Kel.
2 yeLpd4EvoL MS8.: i ret pevoL Kel.







HELLENICA, I. vI. 19-23

from anywhere,-and the people in the city were 406 B.c.
many, and the Athenians could not come to his aid
because they had not learned of these events,--he
launched two of his fastest ships and manned them
before daybreak, picking out the best oarsmen from
his whole fleet, shifting the marines to the hold of
the ships, and setting up the side screens.1 They
continued in this way through the day, but each
evening he had them disembark when darkness
came on, so that the enemy might not perceive that
they were so doing. On the fifth day they put on
board a moderate quantity of provisions, and when it
came to be midday and the blockaders were careless
and some of them asleep, they rowed out of the
harbour, and one of the ships set out for the Helles-
pont and the other to the open sea. And the block-
aders, as they severally got their ships clear of one
another, cutting away their anchors and rousing
themselves from sleep, hastened to the pursuit in
confusion, for it chanced that they had been break-
fasting on the shore; and when they had embarked,
they pursued the vessel which had made for the open
sea, and at sunset they overhauled her and, after
capturing her in battle, took her in tow and brought
her back, men and all, to their fleet. But the ship
which fled toward the Hellespont escaped, and on
its arrival at Athens reported the blockade. Mean-
while Diomedon, seeking to aid Conon, blockaded
as he was, anchored with twelve ships in the strait of
Mytilene. Callicratidas, however, sailed down upon
him suddenly and captured ten of his ships, Diome-
don escaping with his own ship and one other.
1 Temporary screens set up along the bulwarks, ordinarily
serving for protection against missiles, here for concealment.






XENOPHON


24 Ot S 'AW7nvaZot a yeyevnfeva Kcal Trv wroXi-
opiclav E7rel Wcovoaav, e fr~ la'avrTO or0e vavaol
EKarTo cal 8ecKa, ela-p3/3dov0Tes TO? ev T7 iXtKuct'a
ov'Ta airarav s eal 8ov'Xov KIcaL Xev0epov Kical
7rXqp;oaavre VT 8fca ical ica r T v T 7piicovTra
,q~LppatL airjpav. elhcrEpav &B cal TrWV 7 tvre'v
25 7-oXXol. perth Tavra vi1Xv Oraav e'19 alov, Kc-
IceWev %aplaa va; 'Xa/3ov U&ca- if7powsav 8 Kal
XXa\a TrX hov9 Tparpdovra 7raph T0oV aXXrov
av,,uiW v, elo/3alvetv avay/cao-avTeq aravTaq,
ootol 6E' ical el Trve avTrot eTvXOV I'oe oio-at.
yevov0ro 8a atl 7rCt-at hrXelov j 77revTr cova ical
26 S/carov. 6 86 KaXXtcpaTi8a, cJcooWv 7v7 3orj-
Oerav 7S1 e'v ldtUTi oao-av, avroD /' Pv Ica'rire
7revT2coVTa vai9 cal apXovra 'ETevtKcov, Trat
&S elicoat /cal E'KaTOry vaXyel'9 SetwTvo7rote^To
27 T79s Ae aov i3v 7r MaXea adpa,.1 A 7 8' avTr
~)Iepa, eivXov Y at o0 'AOqr7vaot 8etLrvoorotorvLevol
ev 7aFl 'Apytvovo-at'. arast 8' elo-1v 2 avTrov
28 MVTtLX'ViV. r7"9 8\e VKTOV9 I8co T7A rvpc, Ical
T1VOV atb-( e-a/'yetXav7owv o'tn ol 'AOivaiot elev,
aV27yeTo rept po-aq vvkcrTa, & eartvarwaJ 7rpoo--
w'ot' fiv))p 8' e7rtLyevoLEVov 7roXv /cal p/pov'ra\
SteK/cXvoav 72Tvi avaywry7v. rwel 8E Ave dvw ev, tLua
TV r iEpa, e7iXt 7l 7aT 'Apywvov-as.
29 Oi 8' 'A iavalot avTav?7jyovTo els TO 7reXayo9 Tr

I The MSS. proceed av&rfo'v T-s MuTIhv~i : Kel. brackets.
2 The MSS. proceed avPTov riJs AeoSov ~Al Ty- MaAi irpqa :
Kel. brackets.
6o







HELLENICA, I. vi. 24-29

When the Athenians heard of what had happened 406 s.c.
and of the blockade, they voted to go to the rescue
with one hundred and ten ships, putting aboard all
who were of military age, whether slave 1 or free;
and within thirty days they manned the one hundred
and ten ships and set forth. Even the knights 2 went
aboard in considerable numbers. After this they
sailed to Samos and from there got ten Samian ships;
they collected also more than thirty others from the
rest of the allies, forcing everybody to embark, and
in like manner whatever Athenian ships happened
to be abroad. And the total number of the ships
came to more than one hundred and fifty. Now
Callicratidas, when he heard that the relief expe-
dition was already at Samos, left behind him at
Mytilene fifty ships with Eteonicus as commander,
and setting sail with the remaining one hundred and
twenty, took dinner at Cape Malea in Lesbos. On
the same day it chanced that the Athenians took
dinner on the Arginusae islands. These lie opposite
Mytilene.3 And when Callicratidas saw their fires
during the night and people reported to him that
it was the Athenians, he proposed to put to sea at
about midnight, in order to attack them unexpect-
edly; but a heavy rain coming on, with thunder,
prevented the setting out. And when it ceased, he
sailed at daybreak for the Arginusae.
The Athenians stood out to meet him, extending
their left wing out to sea and arranged in the

1 It was only in rare cases that the Athenians employed
slaves for military service.
2 Who were ordinarily exempt from service at sea.
3 That is, between Lesbos and the mainland of Asia
Minor.






XENOPHON


ebwvlv/L, rapaTrTaypJCvot Je. 'ApI'Troi'pd.r
/Lev To e yvvaov yov e ryeyTro rrevTercalSexa vaval,
frUTa 86 TaGraa Alotw&ov eTepat 7TrevTecaI S6ca"
EdreTeaKICTo Se 'ApIuroi-pdreLt WvP IlepiKXtj, Ato-
idovr, S 'Epao-tvvi" 7rrapa 86 AtotieSovTa ol
adutot ShKa vavalv rTtl jua reTray/jivos eorpa-
T2Cye, &' a.z-&'w Z o vo aTt
T)Yi e' avrwv a aptoP 6 Iv6/arTIrr rev cXo'peva
86 at T(V TatdPXwov 8 Ka, Kal avTal ETr lutav
E7ri S TavTatC at Tov vavpyxwv rpeL, KaC et'
30 TIVer alXat ~jav rovy aXl&Se. TO 8e Se'to icKpa<
llpowr6uaXo ei X revTeKa 8e Ca vavo'a 7rapa '
avTrv OpdoacXXovo Tepawv rvIrevTEKaiSeca" Erre'-
TaIcro 86 HIIproTopdyp piv Avo-ala, eXWv Ta9
31 (t'oav va9q, Opao-6XXa 8' 'ApuoroT6y'vr7. o6irt 8'
ErdXyOiarav, 'va p~ l St3'irXovv Stotev" Xpyeov ryap
C rXeov. al 8 r)v AaiceSaiotvov avr L'rT ra'y/evat
ao-av awraoat drt ita q 7rpo p 8teC'KrXovv Ical
7replwrXovv rapeoIceva-aikieva, 8t TOb td3erov
7rXeiv. elXe S' TO' Seov xKepaq KaXXucpaTrlSa.
32 "Epplov 8' Meyape d 7 T KaX lXpaTSa /cvp3ep-
vev el7re wrpo' avrov OTt etl KcaXhk IXov 1aro-
7rXevaoaL at yap Tp1'jpe7~ rTov 'A07rpiatv 7roXX
7rXetovu oa-av. KakXtcparTia~ e lrereV Or ;7
I7radpT17 oMe'v t'j KaiCcov oLf77cTat aroD airo-
OavovTro, fevdyetv Se alo-ypov te'r elvat.
33 MerAh Taiva eavu.X.o-av -av povov woXvv,
I obSv p KLmdtov olimTat Blake: ol S04os p1 KdKtto owl'Ta
Kel.: ovdyv ti K douov oltKce'ra MSS.
1 Ten taxiarchs, one for each Athenian tribe, commanded
the contingents (diEeTs) furnished by their several tribes.
2 Manifestly subordinate officers, but the precise meaning
of the title in the Athenian navy is unknown.







HELLENICA, I. vr. 29-33


following order: Aristocrates, in command of the 406B.o.
left wing, led the way with fifteen ships, and next
in order Diomedon with fifteen more; and Pericles
was stationed behind Aristocrates and Erasinides
behind Diomedon; and beside Diomedon were the
Samians with ten ships, drawn up in single line;
and their commander was a Samian named Hippeus;
and next to them were the ten ships of the taxiarchs,'
also in single line; and behind these the three ships
of the nauarchs 2 and also some ships from the allies;
and the right wing was under the command of
Protomachus, with fifteen ships; and beside him was
Thrasyllus with fifteen more; and Lysias, with the
same number of ships, was stationed behind Proto-
machus, and Aristogenes behind Thrasyllus. The
ships were arranged in this way so as not to give the
enemy a chance of breaking through 8 the line; for
the Athenians were inferior in seamanship. But all
the vessels of the Lacedaemonians were arranged in
single line, with a view to breaking through the
enemy and circling 8 round him, inasmuch as they
had superior seamen. And Callicratidas was on the
right wing. Now Hermon the Megarian, the pilot
of Callicratidas' ship, said to him that it was well to
sail away; for the triremes of the Athenians were
far more numerous. Callicratidas, however, said that
Sparta would fare none the worse if he were killed,
but flight, he said, would be a disgrace.
After this they fell to fighting, and fought for a
8 The admKriovs consisted in driving at full speed between
two ships of the enemy's line,-breaking oars and inflicting
any other possible damage on the way,-and then turning to
attack the sterns or sides of the hostile ships. In the
replirous the same object was accomplished by rowing
around the end of the enemy's line.







XENOPHON


7rpcorov i py 40p6at, efetra 8' St&eaceSaau/mvat.
Erei 8 KaXXtcparTLa4 "re e/ci/aXoVTwij veco
ad7roTreao- el 7r Iv Oa'aTTav *avioff] IHpOTd-
uayo? re Ical oL I[L'T aTbro 7Tr SeBtcg Tr efcovv/iov
EvlKr]aav, ei'revOev 4vy rwv lHeXo7rovvlo-'v
Eyveeo0 ekl Xtov, 7rXElarwv 8 1 Kcal de O)waicava
oi S' 'AOrlvawot wrdXiy el T 'Apryivooa ica ra-
34 rXhevo-av. a47rwLov7ro 86 r Tv p1v 'AOVivatwv v~
'rwevTe Kac eioo-v- abvroi a v3paCt evdT/o oXyov
TrV 7rpOT T7iv yrgv Trp0oeveXeVyrcoV, TcV 8' IIeXo-
7rovvzycov Aaic vtKatl IIEV devva, TO) 7racowV
oba-6v 8/ca, T~y 8' 'X-Xv o'vpjui dXv TrXEovq ']
35 ~?jIov'ra. o80e 68 Kcal roZl TrOv 'AO~rvalwv
orpaTrj7yoi; 7TE'ra ,Icv Kai TeTTapaixovra vavao-
@7jpapLvjv re ical OpacrvoovXov TptrpdpX0ov'
OVTali Kal T)V Ta!ctpXwv TtVa irXev eri7 T &
KaTaSeSvviular va&v Kcal TrobF dTr' avrwOv aVOpdo-
7rovv, rai 8 alXXat? 'rl C7T a / e' 'ETeowViou Ty.
MvrTLX?1vy & opotoe-a. 'raGa S' pjovXo/1evovq
Toelv iveoicXKal eov SevchKo-ev avTOV';
pielyas 'evO/elPvov 7poratov 86 oa7TijavoeT' aVro
71A~iTOVTO.
36 T 8' 'ET-ovibc 0 V'TFlpertIchK, xCei 7rdTra
eryYete6 Ta 7 rept T?7jv vavlJax)av. 6 8 alvov
7ila Igs6vret cv el6 n To( v dno' aO wr owr7 eic-
-rXdev icali /L?7evl 8taXeyeo- ati, 'n-a paypiua S6
aiOtv 'rXhev ells TO eavurTv oTpaTOTre6ov 're-
4avwaievovs ical 8o0v6Ta; o'Tt KaXXtcparl8ab
vevLIC jK vavUpLaXwv KaI oTr al TWv 'AO8yvalov
37 vye' anroX(oXacrv aitraaat. Kal& ol Ir V TO7
eTrolovv avTor 8', reWLSr eKe VOLi Kare'ITAE ov, Meve
I1 Ai-revwy 6t MSS.: wAdcrrwv, rivw6v ai Kel.







HELLENICA, I. vI. 33-37

long time, their ships at first in close order and after- 406 B.c.
wards scattered. But when Callicratidas, as his ship
rammed an enemy, fell overboard into the sea and
disappeared, and Protomachus and those with him on
the right wing defeated the opposing Lacedaemonian
left, then began a flight of the Peloponnesians to
Chios, though very many went to Phocaea; while the
Athenians sailed back to the Arginusae. The loss
on the Athenian side was twenty-five ships, crews
and all, with the exception of a few men who were
brought to shore, and on the Peloponnesian side nine
Laconian ships, out of a total of ten, and more than
sixty ships of the allies. After this victory it was
resolved by the Athenian generals that Theramenes
and Thrasybulus, who were ship-captains, and some
of the taxiarchs, should sail with forty-seven ships to
the aid of the disabled vessels and the men on board
them, while they themselves went with the rest of
the fleet to attack the ships under Eteonicus which
were blockading Mytilene. But despite their desire
to carry out these measures, the wind and a heavy
storm which came on prevented them; accordingly,
after setting up a trophy, they bivouacked where
they were.
As for Eteonicus, the dispatch-boat reported to
him the whole story of the battle. He, however,
sent the boat out again, telling those who were in it
to sail out of the harbour in silence and not talk with
anyone, and then to sail back immediately to his fleet,
wearing garlands and shouting that Callicratidas
had been victorious in battle and that all the ships
of the Athenians had been destroyed. This they
proceeded to do; and when they were sailing in,

65
VOL. I. F






XENOPHON


TA evayyEXta, iaal TOt aoTpart-rat 7rapi'yEtXe
etrrvo'roteteaLt, Kal TOa o E'ffrdpot, T Xplja'ra
o-t7rr; ev2 eEv7ov elF rh 72rXo2a d rrowrrXev el X'ov
(nv Be To' 7rve/fa oi'ptov) ial Tra Tp'j6peL9 TV
38 raXaCT'rv. aTf rbs TO 7rb erv adrr yev eil r4jv
Mr9Ovt)vav, Tb o' paTO7rreov defrpio-av. Kodvov
Se Kca0\Kvclas Twa vaw, e7Me o' re 7roXE/ito.
a're8e"paKceaav cal o aveqto' e vtarTepo? jv, airav-
Trrj~a TOV 'A1;7valo(t -S7 av7ry/reVOt( Eic T& v
'Apytvova-tv b'paae Tr wep TOr ro'E" ovicov. oi
6 O 'A valoit K/c'ar7revo-av els TlrV MvrtXVr,
IceWev 8' 'avtav1jO v 1 ela T~~'v Xlov, tnal ob6ev
atarpaaiaervoi adrrrerXvtrav errl d/ov.
VII. 01 6' dov o'Ic TOVrTOV9 tv TrobV aOrpaTr7-
'yor w7ravaav vrXrl Kdvwvowo' rpo? 86 TOVT)
EXovTro 'ABeitavrov Kal TpiTrov' tXo/cXk.a. TWV
6 vavpuaXlo-dvrTov TrpaTlr7yowv IIporTouaXo? / aL
Kal 'Aptcroy vrj oOV gK TrriXoov del 'AOivas, TV&
2 86 KaTa7arevo-ardvT0, IIepcKXov; calKd AIo/e-
ovrTO Ical Avhlov Ical 'AptIo-rocpdTov Kal Opa-
a~XXov Kal 'Epaotv'iov, 'ApX G8iyoo 6 ToD 87fjitov
radr 7rpoea7-Trlc dv 'A0jvats Kaal 7 i S f/3etla
ert/I.eXO',vo/E V 'EpaatviSy eTirtoXl\v E7rt~3aXhv
KaTYrrJypet ev 8ticaOcrTjpi&, oiaa(cwv f 'EXXi1a-r6v-
o It
Tov aUrov eXEtV XpI/AiaTa O rTa TO7v 8ifov KIcaTq-
ypest 8e Kal 7repl T ? O-TpaTr7Lyta. Kal e~8~ Tr
3 8tKaao-Tpi~ Sja -al TOy 'EpaatvLl'lv. FierTa e
TraOa ev 71 T7 ovUXfl 8 7yovrTO ol o-TpaT'q/ob rrepl







HELLENICA, I. vl. 37-vn. 3

Eteonicus began to offer sacrifices for the good 406 B.C.
news, and gave orders that the soldiers should take
their dinner, that the traders should put their goods
into their boats in silence and sail off to Chios (for
the wind was favourable), and that the triremes also
should sail thither with all speed. And he himself
led his land forces back to Methymna, after setting
fire to their camp. Conon now launched his ships,
and, since the enemy had stolen away and the wind
was quieter, went to meet the Athenians, who had by
this time set out from the Arginusae, and told them
what Eteonicus had done. The Athenians put in to
Mytilene, sailed thence against Chios, and, accom-
plishing nothing there, sailed back towards Samos.
VII. Now the people at home deposed the above-
mentioned generals, with the exception of Conon; and
as his colleagues they chose two men, Adeimantus
and Philocles. As for those generals who had taken
part in the battle, two of them-Protomachus and
Aristogenes-did not return to Athens, but when
the other six came home-Pericles, Diomedon,
Lysias, Aristocrates, Thrasyllus, and Erasinides,-
Archedemus, who was at that time a leader of the
popular party at Athens and had charge of the two-
obol fund,' brought accusation against Erasinides
before a court and urged that a fine be imposed
upon him, claiming that he had in his possession
money from the Hellespont which belonged to the
people; he accused him, further, of misconduct as
general. And the court decreed that Erasinides
should be imprisoned. After this the generals made
a statement before the Senate in regard to the battle
] For the relief of poverty and distress caused by the war,
not to be confounded with the theoric fund ; see Wilamowitz,
Aristotelea und Athen, Vol. II. pp. 212 ff.







XENOPHON


7e 7.j? vavyUaXla;v ial Tro payOovv ToO XertwvoI.
Tqriuocpcrovq 8' eIOrovTo TI K cal roWv aXXov XPr7
S60BCvTa d elbv 8 fjiov .wapa8oMivai, 1 /8ovuX1
4 98/o-e. e &A b' TraDTa eKicc o-lala EyeverT, er .;
T(5v rTpaTr7y7CV KaTirnyopoVV aXXo( T7E cal r&lpa-
iev?7w jdLXr-Ta, u&Katovv elvat X6yov ~o'7roo-\'te
Tts7 oic avweltovo ro ov Yavajyovy. Ot t /x.ev yap
ovSevb; dlXo KaOr rTOVTOv e7 T'r1O0X jlv -erstcvve
/tapTvptoP 2v -evTrC.lav ot iTrpaTrlyo0 ely T'v
/ovX v Kalel dv -y v 8j/ov, aXXo obvev aTlri(pevoi
5 A Tovy Xetl~Jiva. ieTa T7avTa 86 Ol oTpaTfl1yO
3paxy'wo e'icaO~TO a7reXoyr;o7aTo, ob yap 7rpovTe7i'
(r0-10 Xoyo KaTa TEOV voYpov, Kal Ta 're7rpayr iva
8tr]'yoDVro, onT aVTrol eTiv 7Tr Tob wroXep~ovq
7rXeoiLE, 7-v U a2valpeo-w 7uv vavaTy6v 7rpoo-
a'atiev raw 7PrpipWp O ov avSpdaotv lavotly al
EaTpaTYrl'yltcortv jS, @O7paleveL Kai Opaav3ouv'X
6 Kal AioXXo TOIOV TO'v icaal eirep ye Trva' B6o0,
7rep T7; dvatp'o-ew ove'va aX Xov '.Xet arvTov
alrdorao-Oat To 'rov; oTv rpoo ~ erdyi. Ka't
obX 67T IYE KaT?'TyopovatV fi 7t, 4aOaav, revao--
Ipe0a ca'o-covTev avTrovg aiT'ovI elvat, dXXa TO
p.4L'ye6o TOD X0tlyeelvo elvat To KwXGoav ra]v
7 dvatlpetv. TOVTWVe 8e ptapTvpav 7rapeb'ovro TOUv
Icv/epvYTav Kal aXXovu T7fV orv1L7rXXe VTv "roX-
Xovv. TotaDra X&yov'r7e reefo v TbV 8 jitOV
e/3O ov'ro c 7TroXXoi 7~v 18tw'rov 'yyvaeo-8a
adto-Ta/'elov eofe o6 b AvabcpaXaioat Wd eTepav







HELLENICA, I. vnI. 3-7

and the violence of the storm; and upon motion of 406 Bo.c
Timocrates, that the others also should be imprisoned
and turned over to the Assembly for trial, the Senate
imprisoned them. After this a meeting of the
Assembly was called, at which a number of people,
and particularly Theramenes, spoke against the
generals, saying that they ought to render an
account of their conduct in not picking up the
shipwrecked. For as proof that the generals
fastened the responsibility upon no person apart
from themselves, Theramenes showed a letter which
they had sent to the Senate and to the Assembly,
in which they put the blame upon nothing but
the storm. After this the several generals spoke in
their own defence (though briefly, for they were not
granted the hearing prescribed by the law) and
stated what they had done, saying that they them-
selves undertook to sail against the enemy and that
they assigned the duty of recovering the shipwrecked
to certain of the captains who were competent men
and had been generals in the past,-Theramenes,
Thrasybulus, and others of that sort; and if they had
to blame any, they could blame no one else in the
matter of the recovery except these men, to whom
the duty was assigned. "And we shall not," they
added, "just because they accuse us, falsely say that
they were to blame, but rather that it was the
violence of the storm which prevented the recovery."
They offered as witnesses to the truth of these state-
ments the pilots and many others among their ship-
companions. With such arguments they were on the
point of persuading the Assembly, and many of the
citizens rose and wanted to give bail for them; it
was decided, however, that the matter should be
69






XENOPHON


elK/CXkcrlav (T7re yap br jv ical Ta's eipa, obic
av Kca9ewpaw) T7'v S6 PovXYv rpopovXeVaaoav
el6'eveylC6e 8aT Tpodrq o0l avpeq Icpivoivro.
8 MeTA S TaiTra 'Ty'vero 'AwraTopta, dv o4Z
oL Te traTeper ia cal a- yyeve; a-vet V -Lo'iat'I
avrotV. O o v rwept TOv Orjpatpev!y irapeatceao-av
Advf6pc7rovu Cte'Xava lp/Idrta Xovraq mcal e'v Xp
Kcecapievov 7roXXos & Tav ary T7 eopTr, t'va
po? Tip)V eicicolav icoiev, 6-? 8\ -vyyeveij OPTre
-jV d7roXA)X'T(, Ical KaXX1iewvov 'reso-av 'v
9 Ty7^ ovU7 KacarT1 ope~Yv rTv e7paTygyov. wV'rvOev
K'icA, latv brolovv, el 'v /38ovX\ elo-rjtveyKce
TV9v 'avTfjs 7yv 0piv aKaXXt4t'evov e'70r6vr TvSe
'Evret8j T~Wv Tr KaTrl' opoUVT(ov KarTa T7v -rTpa-
T7'y7/wi Kal Eiceltvwv a7roXoov1.Yewov v 7b porepa
deKXlcrla aKiqKoaor-, at8taFr rito-aac-at 'AO7Yvaiov
a7ravTa' KaTa c vXad' Oeval & elf T17V bvX7v
ecaaTrr7v 8o0 v6piay` 5 eKao-ny 8\ 77 OvX7,^
icrpvca Krrlp7'retv, 6OT) 8oKOicvat ai8ce 01 ol pa-
T'7o? obi jveX6X yevoM To'; vticrjaw-avT d'v 7T
vavutaXta, el TIv 7rporepa *fv ricaaoat, b'ry
10 se taL, dE 72Iv borpav Iv 8' 68'w(oav t8rceLv,
Oavdary tTiUoo-at cal T70oK e C'vLea Trapa&oDvat
Kcal Th XpjiLara yp/evo-at, Tb 8' eiU'&carov TrI7

SAthenian procedure required in general that a matter
should first be considered by the Senate, whose rpoSo0whuiva,
or preliminary resolution, was then referred to the Assembly
for final action.
2 A family festival, at which the members of each Athenian
clan gathered together.







HELLENICA, I. vi. 7-10

postponed to another meeting of the Assembly (for 406 n.c
by that time it was late in the day and they could
not have distinguished the hands in the voting), and
that the Senate should draft and bring in a proposal
regarding the manner in which the men should be
tried.
After this the Apaturia 2 was celebrated, at which
fathers and kinsmen meet together. Accordingly
Theramenes and his supporters arranged at this
festival with a large number of people, who were
clad in mourning garments and had their hair close
shaven, to attend the meeting of the Assembly,
pretending that they were kinsmen of those who
had perished, and they bribed Callixeinus to accuse
the generals in the Senate. Then they called an
Assembly, at which the Senate brought in its pro-
posal, which Callixeinus had drafted in the following
terms: "Resolved, that since the Athenians have
heard in the previous meeting of the Assembly
both the accusers who brought charges against the
generals and the generals speaking in their own
defence, they do now one and all cast their
votes by tribes; and that two urns be set at
the voting-place of each tribe; and that in each
tribe a herald proclaim that whoever adjudges the
generals guilty, for not picking up the men who won
the victory in the naval battle, shall cast his vote in
the first urn, and whoever adjudges them not guilty,
shall cast his vote in the second; and if they be
adjudged guilty, that they be punished with death
and handed over to the Eleven,8 and that their
property be confiscated and the tenth thereof belong
3 A Board which had charge of condemned prisoners and
of the execution of the death sentence.






XENOPHON


11 eoiD elvat. 7rapgXOe Se rt? el *uv EtcitcXatav
(Ocd-r v E'KW 7r'Eov iq70 XITov o-lj va eTirLOEX-
Xevw aii) Trov; daroXXkUv ov, edv o-oOfj, oaray-
,yelXat 7, 84i, '~Tt oL oa-pa7ryol ob avelxov'r
7TOW aporaovc bVrep T1v 7raTplioY r yev VOvV.
12 Tr5 Se KaXXiewvov 7rpoo-6ecaXeo-avTo 7rapdcvopa
(paicOKOvreq a-vyyeypaCva Evpv7rT6'X6e/Io< -e 0
Iet'tdavaKtcro cal ai XoI rIve'. ToiD 86 aSiov
ewtoI TaDra e6r~vovv, To 8~ 7rXiOov ?/3o'a tewbv
etvat, el JL TL3 6aEo-l Trbv 8t ov 7rpdT'6ew 1t a
13 3ovX0r)at. ialb e7rl TO' TOI et' rovro3 AvicioaKov
Kal Trov TOU? avry; 1qrri^ icpivesaarL j7rep tcal
TOV9 orpaTrry/ov, deaj' P E7weop{3i ro-e 7rdXwv o o'Xo?, Kabl ?vayd a'l o-oap
14 tevat 7T~a ItcXoe-tC. T'Ov 86 7rpVTavewv (Vtow
ob ao-PcovT'rwv 7rpoOU0Vew T73 StairiL)toaw 'rapa
rbv vop ov, aiO,; KaXXlifetvo ava/ph3a ca'rlTy6pe
avT V a r avTa. ol o efl'ov xaXkev 7rov3 oi
15 (0'aocovTra. ol &e 7rpVTavety oPfi70ev'TreFq <6/LoXd-
yovpv rradTeq 7rpo0 oaetv 7rXN v ComIpa Tov TOV
Vw !povio-cov ovro0 S OVIC bc aXXk' 4 tcarc
16 voilov 'TardTa iroto-'e. L. /e'a T raira dvap3a
EbpvyrToXeluo? CfXeCev Vi7rp Twv oaTpaTrfycov Tte.
Ta pev KaTl'yopio-wv, wo advpe9 'AOiqvalot,
Av;/37 v ev f IO ep( XcXov ~~~vaycalov /.o oro

SAthena, the state deity, into whose treasury a tenth part
of the revenue derived from confiscations was regularly paid.
SAn executive committee of the Senate, who presided
over the meetings of both Senate and Assembly.
72







HELLENICA, I. vii. ro-6


to the goddess." 1 And there came before the 406s o.
Assembly a man who said that he had been saved
by floating upon a meal-tub, and that those who
were perishing charged him to report to the people,
if he were saved, that the generals did not pick up
the men who had proved themselves most brave in
the service of their country. Now Euryptolemus,
the son of Peisianax, and some others served a
summons upon Callixeinus, alleging that he had made
an unconstitutional proposal. And some of the
people applauded this act, but the greater number
cried out that it was monstrous if the people were
to be prevented from doing whatever they wished.
Indeed, when Lyciscus thereupon moved that these
men also should be judged by the very same vote
as the generals, unless they withdrew the summons,
the mob broke out again with shouts of approval,
and they were compelled to withdraw the sum-
monses. Furthermore, when some of the Prytanes 2
refused to put the question to the vote in violation
of the law, Callixeinus again mounted the platform 3
and urged the same charge against them; and the
crowd cried out to summon to court those who re-
fused. Then the Prytanes, stricken with fear, agreed
to put the question,-all of them except Socrates,4
the son of Sophroniscus; and he said that in no case
would he act except in accordance with the law.
After this Euryptolemus mounted the platform and
spoke as follows in defence of the generals:
"I have come to the platform, men of Athens,
partly to accuse Pericles, though he is my kinsman
s i e. the $/ipa.
On Socrates' conduct at this time cp. Plato, Apol. 32B
and Xen. Mem. i. i. 18.






XENOPHON


icatl mrt770eovu ical AtoIC8OVTros OfIXov, ra 8'
brreparroXoyy7o-Oyevo, Ta 8c aovtp/3ovXevo-wv a pot
,I I
17 8o0cel aptCTa elvat dcday a r 7roet. KaT yoop)
[Pev ovv avTr&V TI t eTeTreto-av ToW u vvadpovuras
/3ovXoy uvov 7r4Wretv 'ypa/ijara T7 Te 3ovX)3 al
bvuiv B7L rrr'Tafav 7T) payc'j Kat 0pa acv3ov-
Xp T7eapac'oVua Kcal dbra 7pt'peaow ave eo-Oa
1rarra pta6vra Ka e Leuv[ E ra
18 TO0v vavayovlq, ol 8 oICK avelkovTO. eZta vvp
T71 alriav Kcotvgv eXovoct eliceiov 681a altapTov-
7TW, Kal avT7 T7j) Tore ()L avOpw 7la'v viav
e/cecfiwv Te ica rtvov aXXwv emrtovXe/eevorvo
19 ctv8vvevovo-tv adroXao-Oat; oiov, apv v.eL yed ot
relfIs-'Oe Ta Si'cata Kcal Tota 7rotovre9, Kca O8ev
jLdato-T' AdXrO vae 7rcvea e Kal ob ieTavoj7'avrTe
VrTepov evprjfETE 0-f a abrovv )uiapTr27KOra' rT
/iQytrra el Neov T6 Kal ; v/itsa aBrotv. acrvu/ov-
Xetva 8' V/iZv, ev o o o' vr' '/ djo o00' 7~' i"XXov
ovSevqo `Ort lv farava'rvOvat vz4ti;, Kal robv d&at-
Koivvraq eloTeS iKcoXdo-ea0e 7 v p 3oro-iOa icn,
Kai apta 7rravTa Ka ca 0' wa aCaOrov, el /,1
ITrXov, dXXh Kayv piav 7Ipav 8odVTE avTroVs
birep abrTov t7Tooyjo-aaoat, ji alXXotq /aCLXXov
20 7ro7Tevovrevs v7V\ avrot. 'ore e, w& avpe
'AOrvaot, rraVre ort7 TO Kavvwvo voD gto/
ECrtv lao-XvporTaTov, iceXevet, dv TLr TOv TW)
'AOrval v Stfjov aSotIc, e8e/zivov adrouStcev ev
T7 8~wI), cal av CKaTaRypvo-0 aScdv, rlro0avPev
r1 ~Ele7a-eO MSS.: trrlOevOE Kel.






HELLENICA, I. vi. 16-20


and intimate, and Diomedon, who is my friend, partly 400 c.
to speak in their defence, and partly to advise the
measures which seem to me to be best for the state
as a whole. I accuse them, because they persuaded
their colleagues to change their purpose when they
wanted to send a letter to the Senate and to you, in
which they stated that they assigned to Theramenes
and Thrasybulus, with forty-seven triremes, the duty
of picking up the shipwrecked, and that they failed
to perform this duty. Such being the case, are
these generals to share the blame now with Thera-
menes and Thrasybulus, although it was those alone
who blundered, and are they now, in return for the
humanity they showed then, to be put in hazard of
their lives through the machinations of those men
and certain others? No! at least not if you take
my advice and follow the just and righteous course,
the course which will best enable you to learn the
truth and to avoid finding out hereafter, to your
sorrow, that it is you yourselves who have sinned
most grievously, not only against the gods, but against
yourselves. The advice I give you is such that, it
you follow it, you cannot be deceived either by me
or by anyone else, and that with full knowledge you
will punish the guilty with whatever punishment
you may desire, either all of them together or each
one separately, namely, by first granting them at
least one day, if not more, to speak in their own
defence, and by putting your trust, not so much in
others, but in yourselves. Now you all know, men
of Athens, that the decree of Cannonus is exceed-
ingly severe: it provides that if anyone shall wrong
the people of Athens, he shall plead his case in
fetters before the people, and if he be adjudged
75






XENOPHON


elf T7b IBpa0pov efy0Evra, Ta 8 Xprjpara
abTroD 87j1evU9val Kal 7Tj OeoD To' irLSeKcarov
21 eZvat. KaTa TODTO Troo *\trj)aoa /cekXe Kplveo-Oat
7ro0S9 a paTjryo Ic al vi Ala, &v piv Sye SotIc,
npwTov IIepicKXea T7v 0 ol 7rpoocr1p ovTa" at(2Xpov
,yap uol iefTtv decelvov 7repil rXelovoq 7rotedroat j
22 Trlv 86Xi1v 7TXvV. TOUTO 8' eI I77 pov'Xeo-e, iaTar
ToS1e TbO VOUov Icplvare, 69 Eo'TI er7 TO9 le poav-1 -
Xotq ical rrpo8o6atq, edv T7 Tr 7jv 7T'o r v rpoStSi
71 Ta lepa KXe7hrrTy, IcpItOVTa ev SKLcaO-Tr7pl~, av
IcaTray roOal, It) rTatfjvat ev 1i 'ATrtUc, T7
23 Xpri]Lara abroV o Srlzoa'a evat. TOV TV Owror7ep
f3ovtxeaoe, o AivSpe& 'AOBrvator, 7T vOPJ KcpIvE-
aOwv ol 0avpe&9 KUarah a IcaCTTO, S&Ilpfqlvjevv
T?79 /p(epa) 7Tptv Ilep(v, evov Y v dQ ovX-
Xe'yeroOat b v/ Se? Kical 7tafjl4eoat, edav re
aStLceltV SoICijrv avd e 7t r, rETpov 8' dv IKcari-
yop o-at, erTpov 8' 4v a7roXoy'j-ao-0aat.1
24 Tovr7ov 8$ yyvo/evByow ol f aSctKovvPre re 7-
fovrat 717 pe- L'Ti7] TirtFpla9, ol 8' avairtot
XevOepwOijrovpTat Lo' bvtJwv, o 'AOr)vaito, Kaa
25 obKc aiK co' d7roXovTrat. V/e sE & Kaa rTv
vop OV eva-eo30VTre icalt eopKOvrTEI KpiLVewi Kal
o0 av oroXey, eTEe Aace8aqtoviot9 T0o; V EieivovW
e/630oLoKovTa vap e aceXoyvovi Kal vePicKcKOTdra,
TOVTOV dLroXlvvrPTe al/crov9 7raph TOPv viov.
1 vbs aroyilxorarcua appears to be an interpolation.
Kel. brackets.
76







HELLENICA, I. vui. 20-25

guilty, he shall be put to death by being cast into 406 B.c.
the pit, and his property shall be confiscated and
the tenth part thereof shall belong to the goddess.
Under this decree I urge you to try the generals,
and, by Zeus, if it so please you, Pericles, my kins-
man, first of them all; for it would be base for me
to think more of him than of the general interests
of the state. Or if you do not wish to do this, try
them under the following law, which applies to
temple-robbers and traitors: namely, if anyone shall
be a traitor to the state or shall steal sacred pro-
perty, he shall be tried before a court, and if he be
convicted, he shall not be buried in Attica, and his
property shall be confiscated. By whichever of
these laws you choose, men of Athens, let the men
be tried, each one separately,1 and let the day be
divided into three parts, one wherein you shall
gather and vote as to whether you judge them
guilty or not, another wherein the accusers shall
present their case, and another wherein the accused
shall make their defence.
"If this is done, the guilty will incur the severest
punishment, and the guiltless will be set free by you,
men of Athens, and will not be put to death unjustly.
As for yourselves, you will be granting a trial in
accordance with the law and standing true to religion
and your oaths, and you will not be fighting on the
side of the Lacedaemonians by putting to death the
men who captured seventy ships from them and
defeated them,-by putting to death these men, I
say, without a trial, in violation of the law. What
1 It was a general principle of Athenian law-perhaps
specifically stated in the decree of Cannonus (see above)-
that each accused person had the right to a separate trial.






XENOPHON


26 TI Se icat etoTe9 i4o6opa oiTw&) 7Erel'yeav-e; '
obv bleMl o v Av po;Xrla-e droTcreldve Ical eXev-
oepwo-7Te, av KaTa TOV bvo0ov Kpplv77T, &aX, o6ic
Av 7raph Trv vo/iov, coc'rrep KaXXI'rewo0 Tfjv jov-
Xjv "recyOev fl TOsV 8 1/0ov ela-epveyicel /.tl l *r ;
27 oXX' crw v aw rva Ical oVK aoiC ov vra aroKoTei-
vat're peTrapleX~aaat Se 8icr-Tepov dva/lvnro-OrJe w
adyetivov ical avwoceXe 25i1 E'ar, wrpo 3' er Kaic
28 7repi avd'Tov prrov avOp iov apT?7iKTa9. Se va
8' Av 7roo o'a re, el 'Aptar7CdpX y pv rpO~rpov rbv
82jlov KIcTaXvOvTI, elra 8' Olvoyv rrpoStLBovT
i7/ao(? 7roXe/ilot ovowtv, '8e0e 7/7epav d7ioXo-
yiokaoat o e/3oveTro ica TaXa Kara TOPV v6/ov
7poVOeTe, TOre 86 CTrpaT?7yo1b TOb; 'rdavTa fu/Lv
icaTa yvcy/r]Lv 7rpdcavTaz, viacloravTra 8e TOV )
29 TroXe/LtovI, T-ov acVJT(V TOVTOV d7rooTepIc-eTe. 17i
vpLet ye, & 'Alivaiot, dXX' eavrTWv v'Tas1 0oV 9
vfiove, S( o. PiuXL-ra /iey4a-Taol Eo-T, (.vX7T-
TOTrev, avev TOVTCWV I'7 l Pv 7rpa'rTTetI retpaoa-e.
'E7ravEXOerTe S ica & r' avTa Ta 7rpa'yliaTa
caO' c Kal at dtaprTat 8o/coDo-t yeyelvJo-Oat To
aTpapTiyot'F. eWrel 'yap KcpaTI'aavTeT 7Ty vav/.taXl
els T7v ryv /caTerrXevoaav, AtOl8cowV /lzev diclevev
avaXOBvCrav efln Kepwo aravTa9 dvaipeFo-Oas T
vavdyta ica' TO 79 vavayo", 'EpaS viSr' 3' "i
To0 7JTpO9 MUTLXivv woe7rTOX/lovU TV 7 TaXV(a-Ti7
1 6vras MSS.: &Trs Kel.







HELLENICA, I. vII. 26-29

is it, pray, that you fear, that you are in such 40 B.c.
excessive haste? Do you fear lest you will lose the
right to put to death and set free anyone you please
if you proceed in accordance with the law, but think
that you will retain this right if you proceed in vio-
lation of the law, by the method which Callixeinus
persuaded the Senate to report to the people, that
is, by a single vote? Yes, but you might possibly
be putting to death some one who is really innocent;
and repentance afterwards-ah, remember how pain-
ful and unavailing it always is, and especially when
one's error has brought about a man's death. You
would do a monstrous thing if, after granting in
the past to Aristarchus,1 the destroyer of the demo-
cracy and afterwards the betrayer of Oenoe to your
enemies the Thebans, a day in which to defend
himself as he pleased, and allowing him all his
other rights under the law,-if, I say, you shall now
deprive the generals, who have done everything to
your satisfaction, and have defeated the enemy, of
these same rights. Let no such act be yours, men
of Athens, but guard the laws, which are your own
and above all else have made you supremely great,
and do not try to do anything without their sanction.
And now come back to the actual circumstances
under which the mistakes are thought to have been
committed by the generals. When, after winning
the battle, they sailed in to the shore, Diomedon
urged that they should one and all put out to sea in
line and pick up the wreckage and the shipwrecked
men, while Erasinides proposed that all should
sail with the utmost speed against the enemy at
1 In 411 B.c. Aristarchus helped to establish the short-
lived oligarchical government of the Four Hundred.






XENOPHON


i-Xev SarvTrava OpSacrivXXo& K ap 0or'ep' alv TI
yevcOat, *v TaF fLv abvro icKaTal rwoat, 'TaL 8C
30 e7Tr Toq vro'eptoL ov r'Xewo ica al SodvrTwv TroV'rw
KaTraXTrCev Tpe6s vaD decao-ov e' 1/C av 'rTOD rvp-
jwpoplay, TCWV 'rparT'lov OcKTW 'vrT6v, ical T7d T-r
Tatidpxwov 8e'ia cal T' Oap.lo v 8e'ca Kcal TA?
rvy vavcupXov Tpev aTat airao-aat lyvovraL
ewiTa cal TETTapdcovTa, TrTTapeq irept eKacO`lrr
31 vaDr Ti v daroXwov luv $8 KaTaXetLfLevTwov TrptlptpXa v 2 oav Kal Opaa-v-
/ovXo; Ical O9paiyevu', 09 Ev T1 7rporTpa cK-
KXoa-'-la IcaT7r'ypL6 TV aO-paT7'yCOV. Trav 8'
iXXa(t vavcrlv erXeov r rl Ta roXetia(. Ti
TvTWov oX licavov xal KcaX&a, hrpa av; ovicoDv
liKato Ta 'ev rp' rov TrroXe/lovq p' Ka \ '
7rpaX90'vTa TrobV 'rpoT TOTOv4 Twax ev'was v7re-
xye X'yoV, Trov 8 7wrpb Thi dvaipeatv, /tj
rotrjaavTas & oi a-TpaT'7r'ol CIcXevo-av, 8t rt obi
32 avelXovTo iC piveoOat. TOO-OVTOV 8' 'XW el e
b7rEp Ai4oreTpwv, OTt 6 0e lyw 8SeCCXova-e /nJ,)v
wpTpat a ov o aTpaT-rlol 'w apeoa'evda'avTO.5 TOV-
TWOV Se pIpTVpeF ol oi0vrOevTe r 70O ar o TO U Tov,
wv el TWOy fLTerpwOv a-TpaTnyWv ETl icaraS'ao-y
vwyS 8aao-wciel, 6v IcEXe6ovoa 7 T aVyT 1rr7jP
Kpiveo-Oat, ical av'TOb ToTe 8e0pfevov avaitpcreoAS,
I abppdrep' &v Stephanus: appdrepa Kel. and MSS.
2 TpilpapXwv MSS.: Kel. brackets.
3 ToVTouS editors: -oi7o Kel.: Trov'o, MSS.
4 TobS Sa irp6s MSS.: robs B i ih wrs Kel






HELLENICA, I. vii. 29-32

Mytilene. But Thrasyllus said that both things 406 .c.
would be accomplished if they should leave some
of the ships there and should sail with the rest
against the enemy; and if this plan were decided
upon, he advised that each of the generals, who
were eight in number, should leave behind three
ships from his own division, and that they should
also leave the ten ships of the taxiarchs, the ten of
the Samians, and the three of the nauarchs. These
amount all told to forty-seven ships, four for each
one of the lost vessels, which were twelve in number.
Among the captains who were left behind were both
Thrasybulus and Theramenes, the man who accused
the generals at the former meeting of the Assembly.
And with the rest of the ships they planned to sail
against the enemy's fleet. Now what one of these
acts did they not do adequately and well? It is but
just, therefore, that those, on the one hand, who were
detailed to go against the enemy should be held to
account for their lack of success in dealing with the
enemy, and that those, on the other hand, who were
detailed to recover the shipwrecked, in case they did
not do what the generals ordered, should be tried for
not recovering them. This much, however, I can say
in defence of both parties, that the storm absolutely
prevented them from doing any of the things which
the generals had planned. And as witnesses to this
fact you have those who were saved by mere chance,
among whom is one of our generals, who came
through safely on a disabled ship, and whom they
now bid you judge by the same vote (although at
that time he needed to be picked up himself) by
5 rapeOKa vaEUavTO MSS. except F: trapeKeAsEAfavo Kel.
with F. 6 Kal Avalpeaews MSS.: Kel. brackets.
81
VOL. I. G






XENOPHON


,7rep Trob ov Trpdavavav T 7rpooraX-To0vTa
33 fpL ToL'vvv, (I avape< 'AOqv,alot, avr7 JLP T7 P? Vrcw
IcaK T7j eTuvx a9 i 'Lota 7ros]cr107e TOP 1TT~yr'evot
re Kal aTrvovaO-v, avi? 8 T' w 6/c O eoi Avay0calov
ayvoajOreiv S0 r7fTe, 7rpoSoclav Kcaayvo'VTe av71T
Tj? Svva/uap', o X iK avoo ryevo/Leov v th S va
Xety^ova rrpa,^at T-a ,npo0-TaXleVya'2 AXXA ,roh\
&tKataorepov aTe-7pvot ryepaipewtv T Vu vucvovra j)
Oavadr T i7utoDv rovrypoois avOpL7rot9 o retOo/Jevovo.
34 TaiT' eb lv EVpvTrrTn'-euo9 ypaprae 'yvl'1v
cara bT KavvwvoD *~rto-a rcia K~piveaa ro v-
Spa' &Xca gKaCTovo fl T 7' /3oUX)v^9 v pUa 1f1ri u
aTravra KpivptV. TrovT SA SitaxetporovovIevw v
TO fIEV IrpOTOv CKpivav T7v EpvTaoXe/oiov- ibro-
.oaao.Lpivov S MeveXeovU Kcal radXtv &taXetpo-
ToviaY yevoti.v6,v kecptvav Ty]V T79 3ovXiv. Ka'
plera TavTa KaTer1r1froavTO TOW vav/aXiyra'vT(wv
orpaTy^owv OIKTcr ovTry. ilTref'avov Se ol 7apovreF
35 e!. Kal o, 7roXX6 Xp6v vG'repov Per EteXe Trol
'AO67vatot9, Kal 'lT[ oravPTO, O'TtVe 6 TOrV jiov
er~r7-adrTjav, 'rpo3oXkas a7rjov elvat, ial ,yvrya
1 ^rep ... pouTaX0Evra condemned by Richter and others:
retained by Kel. But obs ... r.poaraXOevra can only refer
to the captains, and it was the generals who were on trial.
2 obX WrpoOrTaxOEra condemned by BrUickner and
others, whom Kel. follows, for the reason stated in the
preceding note.
82







HELLENICA, I. vII. 32-35

which you judge those who did not do what they 40o B.
were ordered to do. Do not, then, men of Athens,
in the face of your victory and your good fortune,
act like men who are beaten and unfortunate, nor, in
the face of heaven's visitation, show yourselves un-
reasonable by giving a verdict of treachery instead
of helplessness, since they found themselves unable
on account of the storm to do what they had been
ordered to do; nay, it would be far more just for you
to honour the victors with garlands than, yielding
to the persuasions of wicked men, to punish them
with death."
When Euryptolemus had thus spoken, he offered
a resolution that the men be tried under the decree
of Cannonus, each one separately; whereas the pro-
posal of the Senate was to judge them all by a single
vote. The vote being now taken as between these
two proposals, they decided at first in favour of the
resolution of Euryptolemus; but when Menecles in-
terposed an objection under oath 1 and a second vote
was taken, they decided in favour of that of the
Senate. After this they condemned the generals
who took part in the battle, eight in all; and the six
who were in Athens were put to death. And not
long afterwards the Athenians repented, and they
voted that complaints2 be brought against any who
had deceived the people, that they furnish bonds-
1 Apparently questioning the legality of Euryptolemus'
proposal. Under the law such an objection should have sus-
pended the consideration of the matter before the Assembly,
but in this case it seems to have had no such result.
2 A rpo3ol A was a complaint presented to the Assembly,
alleging an offence against the state. The Assembly, acting
as a grand jury, might then hold the accused for trial before
a court.
83







XENOPHON


KaTaT~7aat, ew(tav a cPww IO-V, etvat 8e al KaX-
X['etvozV TOV'rwv. 7rpovX8X'077ocav 8 ical a~hot
TCTTctpes, Kal e8E'0?7av v'rO 7oWv Jyyvft7oa]aevw h.
fJYTTEpOV Se UTaO-cw"? TIVOT 7EVO/yeV17S', EPV ?7 KXeo-
O,6v abre'Oavev, breSpaoav ou"OL, 7rpif lpV Kpevav
KaXVictvoq 86' caTEXO(6 fl05TC Kal oi Jx Hecpat@Co
VV07 KCG OL ,
60; To aaTv, )LOtJIePOSv V7rO 7ravTCov Xtp Are'-
Oavev.







HELLENICA, I. vi. 35


men until such time as they should be brought to w0 s.c.
trial, and that Callixeinus be included among them._
Complaints were brought against four others also,
and they were put into confinement by their bonds-
men. But when there broke out afterwards a fac-
tional disturbance, in the course of which Cleophon 1
was put to death, these men escaped, before being
brought to trial; Callixeinus indeed returned, at the
time when the Piraeus party returned to the city,2 but
he was hated by everybody and died of starvation.
t A popular leader of the democratic party.
2i e. in the restoration which followed the overthrow of
the Thirty Tyrants (Hell. n. iv. 39-43).




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs