Title: Results of cabbage and potato variety trials in 1965-1966
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Title: Results of cabbage and potato variety trials in 1965-1966
Physical Description: Book
Creator: McCubbin, E. N.
Publisher: Potato Investigations Laboratory,
Copyright Date: 1966
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076287
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: 133467904 - OCLC

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POTATO INVESTIGATIONS LABORATORY
Hastings, Florida

Mimeo Report POL 67-2 October 1966

RESULTS OF CABBAGE AND POTATO VARIETY TRIALS IN 1965-1966
E. N. McCubbin, Horticulturist,
and
D. R. Hensel, Associate Soils Chemist & Head.


CABBAGE VARIETIES.

Three non-hybrid varieties and ten hybrid varieties and lines were grown in
comparison in the 1965-1966 cabbage growing season. Yields of marketable cabbage
ranged from 12.7 to 18.1 tons per acre. Highest yield was obtained from Hybrid
B/4E2/24 and lowest yield from Hybrid 31. The latter produced undesirable flat
heads and seed of the former (B/4E2/24) are not available for commercial planting.

Weighted seasonal averages for six head characteristics were obtained for
each entry in the trial. These characteristics were cold tolerance, core size,
uniformity, inside appearance, outside appearance, and mildew resistance. A
rating of 10 in each instance was best and a rating of 0 was poorest. On the
basis of averaging these ratings Ferry-Morse Hybrid No. 9, with a yield of 17.6
tons per acre and a rating of 6.98 is recommended for trial in commercial fields.

Late maturing hybrids, Resistant Danish W75 by Joseph Harris and Ferry-Morse
No. 3, with ratings of 7.83 and 6.50 and yields of 15.4 and 16.0 tons per acre,
respectively, are recommended for trial in commercial fields where late maturity
may be used.

Varieties normally planted in commercial fields at Hastings, Glory of
Enkhuizen, Marion Market and Greenback, had ratings of 4.00, 5.11, and 3.85 and
yields of 17.3, 15.3, and 13.7 tons per acre, respectively.

The hybrid varieties and lines grown in this trial appeared to mature more
uniformly and to require fewer cuttings to harvest the crop than did the open-
pollinated or non-hybrid varieties normally grown in the area. Therefore, they
may be better adapted to mechanical harvesting than the non-hybrid varieties.







Table 1.--Total yields of Cabbage from 3 Varieties and 10 Hybrid Lines Grown at
Hastings, Florida in 1965-1966. Transplanted 11/18/651.



Variety Source Stock Pounds Pounds Tons
or of Number per per per
Hybrid Line Seed Plot Head Acre

Hybrid sample Harris B/4E2/24 69.3 2.59 18.1
Hybrid No. 5 F. M. 14,420 67.8 2.49 17.7
Hybrid No. 9 F. M. 11,613 67.2 2.60 17.6
C'.:yr of Enkhuizen F.-M, 27,610 66.0 2.84 17.3
Market Topper Harris 278 65.9 2.70 17.2
King Cole F. M. 11,643 64.2 2.74 16.8
Hybrid No. 3 F4 M. 11,604 61.1 2.22 16.0
Market Prize Harris 238 61.3 2.31 16.0
Resistant Danish W75 Harris 277W 58.8 2.41 15.4
Marion Market Kilgore 20,715 58.4 2.73 15.3
Resistant Danish Harris 57.1 2.53 14.9
Greenback FV M. 10,121 52.5 2.60 13.7
Hybrid No. 31 Kilgore No. 31 48.7 2.80 12.7


LSD . . . .... .5 per cent level 9.5 2.5
LSD . . . . .1 per cent level 12.7 3.3


IBased on yields from 25-foot single row plots replicated five times; plants 9-10
inches apart in rows 40 inches apart. Harvest completed in four cuttings by April
18, 1966--152 days after transplanting.






Table 2.--Weighted Averages for Certain Factors Studied in Cabbage Varieties and Hybrid Varieties and Line
During the 1965-1966 Season. A Rating of 10. is Desirable; 0 is Undesirable.

----------------- ------------- -----__---- ------------- ----- -------------
Variety or Stock Cold Core Unifor- Inside Outside Mildew Season's Average
Hybrid Line Variety Number Toler- Size mity Appear- Appear- Resis- of Weighted Aver-
ance ance anc.e tance ages

Resistant Danish W75* 2771 7.7 3.3 7.0 8.T 8.0 8.7 7.23
Hybrid No. 9** 11,613 7.8 4.3 6.5 7.8 7.7 7.8 6.98
Hybrid No. 3** 11,604 8.3 1.2 7.5 5-5 7-9 8.6 6.50
Hybrid No. 5** 14,420 6.9 3..4 6.0 7.0 6.7. 7.6 6.26
Hybrid sample** B/4E2/24 6.4 2.4 6.0 4.1 7.4. 8.0 5.71
Market Prize* 238 6.9 2.5 7.3 3.6 7.0 5.6 5.48
Greenback 10,121 5.3 4.3 3-3 7-3 4.6 5.9 5.11
King Cole* 11,643 7.0 2.0 4.9 4.7 6.7 4,7 5.00
Hybrid No. 31** 31 2.4 .6.4 5.8 4.3 3.-. A 6.9 4.93
Glory of Enkhuizen 27,610 4.9 4.0 3.3 5.9 3-4 2.5 4.00
Marion Market 20,715 5.8 2.9 2.6 3.2 4-1 4.5 3 85
Resistant Danish* 5.6 2.9 2.8 2.5 4.3 3.7 3165
Market Topper* 278 5.1 2.1 3.6 2.3 4.7 4.5 3 71


* Hybrid Variety


**Hybrid Variety or Line






POTATO VARIEltS.
Thirteen potato varieties and thirteen seedling selections were grown with
Sebago for comparison in 1966. Yields of marketable US1A ranged from 150 to 284
cwt per acre. Sebago yielded 221 cwt. It was outyielded by 8 varieties and 4
seedling selections. Best white varieties in this group were Huron, B5063-3,
Ona, B5066-3, and LaChipper. The best red varieties were Red LaSoda and Catoosa.
Pungo, a white variety, is resistant to corky ringspot and should be grown where
this virus is present in the soil. Of the varieties outyielding Sebago, LaChipper
produced chips of good color for 6 weeks at storage temperature of 700F. Ona pro-
duced good yields, but is later in maturity than Sebago. It could be used where
earliness is not a particular factor.


Table 3.--Yields of potato varieties and seedling
acre in 1966. Planted 1/25/66. Dug 5/17/661.


lines in hundred weights per


Variety Market- Market- Total Unmarket- Total Yield
or able able Marketable able US1A & USIA & B
Scedling USIA US1B US1A & B B
Huron 284.1 3.0 287.1 22.7 309.8
Red LaSoda 274.2 0.8 275.0 38.4 313.4
B5063-3 255.3 4.2 259.5 55.3 314.8
Ona 253.5 0.8 254.3 18.7 273.0
Catoosa 253.3 0.8 254.1 12.5 266.6
B5066-3 250.5 1.6 252.1 42.8 294.9
LaChipper 249.3 1.8 251.1 20.5 271.6
TL8134 245.7 1.2 246.9 59.3 806.2
Pungo 237.0 0.8 237.8 24.5 262.3
B5088-7 237.0 3.0 240.0 41.8 281.8
Reliance 233.8 1.8 235.6 14.3 249.9
Emmet 226.6 1.6 228.2 39.4 267.6
Sebago 220.9 2.6 223.5 34.2 257.7
B2894-24 219.1 1.8 220.9 44.8 265.7
B4829-7 216.5 1.6 218.1 32.8 250.9
Penobscot 214.9 0.6 215.5 11.3 226.8
6Hs9 212.9 1.2 214.1 50.3 264.4
B5141-6 204.3 0.6 204.9 29.8 234.7
B5000-18 201.4 1.6 203.0 30.4 233.4
Fundy 194.6 1.6 196.2 27.5 223.7
Avon 186.6 0.6 187.2 33.6 220.8
TL8197 181.7 0.6 182.3 24.3 206.6
Superior 179.9 1.0 180.9 12.9 193.8
B5036-40 171.5 1.8 173.3 19.9 193.2
B5052-7 166.9 2.8 169.7 42.4 212.1
B4860-5 162.4 7.6 170.1 31.6 201.7
Norland 150.2 0.8 151.0 12.1 163.1
LSD. . 5 37.8 3.1 39.8 21.5
LSD . 1 50.1 4.1 52.6 28.4

1Based upon yields from 13, 2-ounce seedpieces planted 1 foot apart in rows 40
inches apart. Dug 112 days after planting January 25, 1966.


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