Title: Results of cabbage varieties, 1965
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Title: Results of cabbage varieties, 1965
Physical Description: Book
Creator: McCubbin, E. N.
Publisher: Potato Investigations Laboratory,
Copyright Date: 1965
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076285
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: 133510762 - OCLC

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POTATO INVESTIGATIONS LABORATORY
castings, Florida
Mimeo Report POL 66-1 October 1965

RESULTS OF CABBAGE VARIETIES 1965
E. N. McCubbin

During the 1964-1965 cabbage growing season three regular cabbage varieties,
five named hybrid varieties and four hybrid lines of cabbage were compared for
yields and quality. Plants for this trial were transplanted to the field Nover.b'-r
18, 1964. Land for this planting received 1,800 pounds of a 6-8-8 fertilizer
applied in a band in each side of the row with a potato planter, November 18, 1 -.
Plants were spaced 9-10 inches apart in the row. Plots were 25 feet long and tL.e,'
were 6 plots of each variety or line of cabbage.

Plants were transplanted and watered initially by transplanter. Additional
water was applied as needed with a water cart. Three sidedressings added a total of
92 pounds nitrogen and 58 pounds of K20 per acre, respectively. Regular cultivations
were made to control weeds. Plants were sprayed regularly with maneb and parathion
to control diseases and insects.

Harvest of cabbage was begun February 17, 1965 and completed in 3 cuttings by
March 15, 1965. At each harvest the number and weight of heads cut from each plot
of each entry were recorded. Only marketable heads were harvested. These data
were used to compute the results presented below.

Total yields are presented in the first Table. Greenback, recommended for
commercial production in this area, produced the highest yields. Total yield from
Greenback, however, was not significant over that from Glory of Enkhuizen and
hybrids, Resistant Danish W 75, Resistant Danish, and King Colek, and hybrid lines
5 and 3. Hybrids which produced significantly lower yields than Greenback were
Market Prize, Market Topper, and lines 1 and F-l 21. Hybrids, Resistant Danish
W"75, Resistant Danish and line 3 produced higher percentage of non-spotted and
solid heads and lower percentages of heavily spotted and loose heads than were
found in the regular varieties of cabbage, Greenback, Glory of Enkhuizen, and
Marion Market, see Tables 2 and 3.

From this test it appears that some of the hybrid varieties and lines are
worthy of limited trial in commercial fields at Hastings, Florida. These are
Hybrid varieties King Cole, Market Topper, Resistant Danish W 75 and Resistant
Danish. Hybrid lines which also appears worthy of trial is Experimental line
Number 3.

The heads of the hybrid varieties seem to hold longer in the field without
bursting than do most of the nonhybrid lines common in the Hastings area.




Table 1.-Total Yield of Cabbage From 3 Varieties and
Hastings, Florida in 1964-65. Transplanted 11/18/64.


Hybrid Lines Grown at


Variety Stock Seed Pounds Pounds Tons
or Number Source per per per
Hybrid Line plot Head Acre
7. Greenback 11645 F. M. 82.5 2.7 21.6
10. Harris Res. Danish W 75 277W Harris 79.0 2.7 20.7
4. Hybrid No. 5 11610 F. M. 75.7 2.5 19.8
11. Harris Res. Danish 277 Harris 69.8 2.6 18.3
6. Hybrid No. 3 11664 F. M. 69.1 2.8 18.1
5. Hybrid (King Cole) 11643 F. M. 68.7 2.5 17.9
1. Glory of Enkhuizen 11639 F. M. 67.7 2.9 17.7
3. Hybrid No. 1 11613 F. M. 60.7 2.6 15.9
8. Market Prize 283 Harris 56.6 2.5 14.8
9. Market Topper 278 Harris 51.3 2.4 13.4
2. Marion Market -- F. M. 45.5 2.4 11.9
12. F-1 Hybrid # 21 1707 Asgrow 38.8 2.4 10.1

LSD 18.6 4.9
24.8 6.5
iBased on yields from 25 foot single row plots replicated 6 times. Harvest
completed in 3 cuttings by 3/15/65.


Table 2.-Percentage of Heads Showing Various Degrees of Spotting of Cabbage Grown
at Hastings, Florida in 1964-1965.1


Variety Stock Seed No. Heads Percentage of Head
or Number Source Observed Spotting
Hybrid Line None Light Medium Heavy
7. Greenback 11645 F. M. 179 44.1 45.3 3.9 6.7
10. Harris Res. Danish W 75 277W Harris 180 68.9 26.7 .6 3.9
4. Hybrid No. 5 11610 F. M. 173 34.1 50.9 3.5 11.6
11. Harris Res. Danish 277 Harris 160 73.1 19.4 7.5
6. Hybrid No. 3 11664 F. M. 149 67.8 25.5 4.7 2.0
5. Hybrid (King Cole) 11643 F. M. 151 35.1 46.4 5.3 13.3
1. Glory of Enkhuizen 11639 F. M. 134 28.4 46.3 9.0 16.4
3. Hybrid No. 1 11613 F. M. 138 54.4 42.8 2.9
8. Market Prize 283 Harris 135 48.2 44.4 3.7 3.7
9. Market Topper 278 Harris 127 52.8 40.9 1.6 4.7
2. Marion Market -- F. M. 118 35.6 33.9 7.6 22.9
12. F-1 Hybrid #21 1707 Asgrow 101 59.4 36.6 4.0


lBased on No. of Marketable Heads cut from 25
6 times. Harvest completed in 3 cuttings by


foot single row plots replicated
March 15, 1965.


2Spotting caused mostly by mildew and alternaria.


200 copies






Table 3.- Percentage of Heads Showing
at Hastings, Florida in 1964-1965.


Various Degrees of Solidity in Cabbage Grown


Percentage of Heads Showing-
Variety Stock Seed No. Heads Various Degrees of Solidity
or Number Source Observed Solid Slighty Medium Loose
Hybrid Lines Solid Solid

7. Greenback 11645 F. M. 114 51.8 7.9 33.3 7.0
10. Harris Res. Danish W 75 277W Harris 121 62.0 6.6 25.6 5.8
4. Hybrid No. 5 11610 F. M. 106 61.3 10.4 27.4 .9
11. Harris Res. Danish 277 Harris 112 73.2 ]3.4 12.5 .9
6. Hybrid No. 3 11664 F. M. 111 71.2 4.5 21.6 2.7
5. Hybrid (King Cole) 11643 F. M. 96 58.3 11.5 27.1 3.1
1. Glory of Enkhuizen 11639 F. M. 93 46.2 -- 48.4 5.4
3. Hybrid No. 1 11613 F. M. 100 63.0 25.0 7.0 5.0
8. Market Prize 283 Harris 71 70.4 23.9 1.4 4.2
9. Market Topper 278 Harris 66 57.6 16.7 19.7 6.1
2. Marion Market -- F. M. 29 44.8 10.3 31.0 13.8
12. F-l Hybrid #21 1707 Asgrow 40 47.5 27.5 22.5 2.5

Based on indicated number of heads cut from each entry of cabbage grown in 25 foot
single row I-ots of cabbage replicated 6 times at Hastings, Florida in 1964-1965.
Harvest completed Vy.MArch 15, 1965.


200 copies




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