Title: Some suggestions on production of vegetables in the Hastings area
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 Material Information
Title: Some suggestions on production of vegetables in the Hastings area
Physical Description: Book
Creator: McCubbin, E. N.
Publisher: Potato Investigations Laboratory,
Copyright Date: 1953
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076271
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: 135265936 - OCLC

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OCT 6 1953
POTATO INVESTIGATIONS LABORATORY MIMEO REPORT 54-2 T 6 1953
Some Suggestions on Production of Vegetables in the Hastings Area

E. N. McCubbin


Studies with vegetables at the Potato Investigations Laboratory for several

years have included variety and fertilizer trials with major crops grown in the
Hastings area. Tests were made to find new varieties of cabbage, potatoes, cauli-
flower and lettuce which would be superior to old ones in yield, market qualities

and other characteristics, Fertilizer trials were conducted with cabbage, cauli-

flower and lettuce to determine if yields could be increased by using larger

amounts of fertilizer or by changing the method of application. The following sug-

gestions are made on the basis of results obtained in these trials.


Vegetable Varieties Recommended for Production:

Cabbage Lettuce
Early: Red and Savoy: Great Lakes
Medium Copenhagen Red Acre Great Lakes 59
Resistant* Round Red Dutch Premier Great Lakes
Copenhagen Market Savoy Chiefton Progress(for trial)
Midseason:
Marion Market* Cauliflower Potatoes
Resistant Glory* Snowball X Sebago
Glory of Enkhuizen Holland Erfurt Red Pontiac
Midseason Market Snowball Y(for trial) Red Warba(for trial)
Round Dutch
Bonanza

*Resistant to cabbage yellows and should be grown where the soil
is known to be infested with the yellows organism.


Fertilization of Cabbage. Cauliflower and Lettuce:


Fertilizers containing 5 to 6 percent nitrogen(N), 7 to 8 percent phosphoric

acid(P205), and 5 to 8 percent potash(K20) should be used for growing cabbage,

cauliflower and lettuce in seedbeds and in the field. Fertilizers for cabbage and
cauliflower usually should contain 0.1 percent B203 from borax








Fertilizers for seedbeds should be applied at rates of 1,000 to 1,200 pounds

per acre in bands in the row a few days before the seed are sown. Plants in the

seedbed may be side-dressed 1 or more times with 50 to 75 pounds of nitrate of soda

or nitrate of potash per acre when rainfall is excessive or when the plants grow

slowly and the foliage is light green in color.

For cabbage and cauliflower in fields, the fertilizer should be applied at

rates of 1,800 to 2,200 pounds per acre. The fertilizer may be applied in a band

in both sides of the row a few days before the plants are transplanted. If pre-

ferred, the fertilizer can be applied 1 or 2 weeks after the plants are trans-

planted. In this case, the fertilizer should be placed 3 to 4 inches deep and

about 3 inches from the plants in both sides of the row. This can be done with a

fertilizer distributor mounted on a tractor, or by barring-off rows, applying the

fertilizer and then covering it with bedder disks.

Cabbage and cauliflower in the field should be side-dressed 2 or 3 times dur-

ing the growing season with 150 to 200 pounds of nitrate of soda or nitrate of

potash per acre per application, depending upon the amount of rainfall and growth

and color of the plants. The first side-dressing may be applied on tops of the

rows 1 or 2 weeks after the plants are set. The second and third side-dressings

should be applied as needed on both sides of the row to keep from burning the

plants. Nitrate of potash is preferred over nitrate of soda for the last side-

dressing as it may result in the development of more solid heads.

Fertilizers for lettuce may be broadcasted and disked into the row or applied

in a band in both sides of the row at rates of 1,400 to 1,800 pounds per acre be-

fore the plants are set. Lettuce also should be side-dressed 1 or 2 times during

the growing season with 100 to 150 pounds per acre of nitrate of soda or nitrate of

potash, depending upon the amount of rainfall and growth and color of the plants.


9/29/53
200 copies




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