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Title: Sbornik Ucheno-literaturnago obshchestva pri Imperatorskom ëiìur§ evskom universitetëiìe
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076228/00004
 Material Information
Title: Sbornik Ucheno-literaturnago obshchestva pri Imperatorskom ëiìur§ evskom universitetëiìe
Physical Description: 22 v. : ; 24 cm.
Language: Russian
Creator: Ucheno-literaturnoe obshchestvo pri Imperatorskom ëiìur§evskom universitetëiìe
Publisher: Tip. K. Mattisena
Place of Publication: ëIìur§ev
Publication Date: 1903
 Subjects
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: T. 1 (1898)-t. 22 (1916).
General Note: Description based on: T. 3 (1900).
General Note: Latest issue consulted: t. 5 (1902).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076228
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 16017317

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
    Frontispiece
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page v
    Main
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
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    Back Cover
        Page 217
Full Text










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OTqeT o 0I-3HTeJIbHOCTH 06mecTBa 3a 1901-1902 r.
I. 3acaHiaa 06mecTBa . .. .. . . . VII
II. COBtT- O6mecTBa . . . .XVIII
III. Kacca O6mecTBa . . .. . XIX
IV. CMtTa Ha 1902-1903 r. .... ..... . XX
V. fpoToKornb peBHaiOHHOFi KOMMHCCiH . . .. XXI
VI. 3aKoloqeHie COBaTa no IOBOaYy nporoKojna peBH3ioH-
HOi KOM CCiI . . . . . . . . XXI
VII. OTqeTr o COCTORHiH 6H6nioTeKH 06mecTBa . XXII
VIII. CnHcoKb qJCeHOB-b 06mecTBa . . XXIV
IX. COBHTa OI06mecTBa Ha 1902-1903 r.. . . XXVIII
CTenaH'b HBaHOBHMl Pome. (HeKpoaori,) . .. XXIX

OTat'In HayMHbIH.

i. flaMrtTH BeJIHKHXb pyccKHX, nuHcaTejei H. B. Forojia
B. A. )KyKoBcKaro (TopmecTBeHHbIM 3actaaHia 06m1ecTBa). 1-4
2 I. I. 3 H r p o A c K i fi. Foroan Ha cueHaxa ropoaa IOpbeBa
JInjl iHacKofi ry6epHin .. . . ... .. . . 5-35
3. 3I. H. JI a y TeH 6 ax. B. A. HKyKOBCKifi H H. B. foronj
B niaTbImcKofi nITepaTypt . . . ... . . 36 -44
4. 1. H. C o BC,K i fi. rorofb H nymKHH-I . .... 45-61
5. A. H. T p o H K it. M. A. Mofiep- B, )KH3SHH H 0noB3iH
)KyKonBCaro ....... ........... 62-79
6. C. B. Ky 3 H e iu o B %. Foroaji H TypreHeBs: HtCKoJIbKo
napaaeaefi H3a HX% 1KH3HH . . ... . . . 80-i05
7. 5. H. JI a y T e H 6 a x B. A. }KyKOBCKifi a- naTuImcKOfi
no33Hi. ...... . . . . ..... o. 6--1o
8. fIpob. npoToiepeii A. C. 1 a p es B c K i. PtMb, npoH3He-
ceHHaa Bat AjieKCaHapo-HeBCKofi iepKBH inpH IOpLbeacxoKO
YHHBepCHTeT-h no InoBOy HcnonjiH maroca naTHamecHTH-
akTiR co AHH KOH'HHEI H. B. Foroan .. .. ... I1--18
9. OHW me. Ptib nepea-b naHHXHlOI no B. A. )KyKoncKoM,
B- TopmecTBeHHOM% co6paHii YqeHo-JIHTepaTypHaro 06-
IecTBa . . . . . . . . . 119-- 2
io. rIpoj. B. F. A a e K ct e B %. MHxaHjin BacuH jeBHbqe OcTpo-
rpaacxiii (c, nopTpeTOMb M. B. OcTporpaacKaro) . 122-155
i. flpoq. B. H. Cpee 3 H e c K i BairHie KJIHMaTOBH Ha -e-
nOB'ia . ...... ............. 156-189
12. H. HI. K n p i a H o B H q l. JIHBOHCKaH XpoHHKa feHpHxa
JIaTbima..... .. .. .... ......... .. 190-212
13. Flpo(. M. E. K p a c H e K'b HCTOpiH BaHaHTiiiCKOi
.OTpeCeHHOfi nHHCMeHHOCTH.. . . . . . 213-215




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OT-qeT'b

o A~iRTCTeJbHTH YneHo JIHTepaTypHaro 06OI ecTBa npH
HMHEPATOPCKOM'b IOpheBcKOMb YHHBepCHTert 3a
1901-1902 roA%.

I. 3actgaHil O06IneCTBa.

B'S IICTemIeM'b, nHTOMui rony cBoero cyiuecTBOBaHi YqeHo-
JInTepaTypHoe Ou6mecTBo nponaojwa.o BblnlOJIHTb, rIO MTp-f
CHJIb, CBOH 3aaqanH H nOCB3oTHJIO CBOHM'b -JhiaM'b, KpOMt rOflHq-
Haro (3aKpblTaro) sacnaHiB, 8 3aKpbhTblXTb n 14 OTKpbITbuxb
sactJraHifi; B'b quCJI+ nocJIJbH1X'b TaKme lma TopwecTBeHHbIX-
sac$naaiua, nocBumeH Hbs to6HJieiHbiM'b qeCTBOBaHilM'b naMaTH
H. B. roroji H B. A. }KyKOBCKaro.
B- roaqHOM'b 3ac+,naaim 27 Ma. 1901 r. 6bjni 3acjymaaHb
OTqeT'- o 'IeaTeabHOCTH 06utecTBa B'b TeqeHiH 19o00-190 rona,
a TaKwe OT3biB'b peBHs3iHHOi KOMMHCCiH, COCTORBmeei H31
qieHo O-b 06mecTBa: B. T. AAeKcteBa, C. K. BorymeBcKaro,
H. 3. MaTB-eBa, H 6bEjio nocTaHOBaIeHO yTBepaHTb 3TOT- OTqerTb
H CM'Ty pacxonOB'- Ha 1901-1902 ro1nb, cocTaBneHHyIo Ka3-
HaqeeMbi O6iecTBa. 3arhM-b, Bb roRH9HOMb 3acaCaHiH 6b1jiH
npolH3aeneHbl Bbi6opbi nOJTIWHOCTHblX-b JIHuIb 06m.ecTBa na
1901-1902 r., H Bbl6paHHblMH OKa3aJIHCb cJ'ayI3ittie qineHbi
06muecTaa: npeac$naTejeM-b A. H. c H C K i i, ceRpeTapeM-
- A. B. HKHTCKiAi, Ka3HaqeeMb E. A. rpasBHT, qie-
HaMH CoBwTa H. I5. KnnpianoBHqb, H. H. HBanoH0
u B. F. AJleKc-enb, 6H6JIioTeKapeM' M. H. CTo -
poB%.
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npejaio)HeHiro HnKOTOpblXb qJIeHOB% O06mecTBa 6bi'b n36paH'
6blmifin Hpeac-$laTejb 06mecTBa, qjieHb COBrTa MI-nHCTpa
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Hapoanaro HpocBmimeHisi A. C. Ey A. H A o B IH' -b noqeTHbM'b
qjieHOM'b 06mecTBa, BO BHHMMaHie Kb ero o6mlenpH3HaHHblM'b
HayqHblM'b 3acjyraM'b H ero n+lITeJ1bHocTH Ha nOJIb3y 06amecTBa.
B'b OCTajbHblX'b 3aKpbiTbix-b 3acasiaHi5ix-b JoKjiajblBa.nHcb Te-
Kymuin jina, npomeamin npelsBapHTeJbHO qepes3- COBkT-b 06-
IuecTBa, H HaH6o.Tre BaXRHbI5 H3'b nOCJI"3,HHX'b nojuiemajIH Bce-
CTopoHHeMy o6cymnaeHiro H p+emeHir Oi 6aro Co6paHiH; TaK'b,
HanpHMtp'b, O6tee Co6paHie B'b 3ac'tnaHiH 13 OKTn6p5i 1901 r.
o6cyunajio Bonpoc-b o6'b Hn3aHinx'b TpyaoBb 06muecTRa H ne-
pelnano COBtTy 06amecTBa CBOH HOJIHOMOqil no 3THM'b H3Aa-
HiIM-, npH qeM'b 6umo nocTaHOBJIeHO, qT06bI o6eM'i OT.TllJIbHOHi
CTaTbH, rOM3luraeMOfl B'b C6opHHKn c'b pa3pemeHif CoBhTa,
He npeBbimajn> nHTH ineqaTHbl]Xb ,IHCTOB'b. B'b 3aKpbITb1X'b sa-
c'$naaHix-b npOH3BOlnaMCb TaK)e Bbl6OpbI B'b jHAiCTBHTeJabHble
nieHbl Ou6mecTBa nocpeiCTBOM-b 3aKpbiTOti 6ajiOTIHpOBKIH, anp
meM'b KaHAH3laTbI npejlaaraincb KamaKbi pa3' He MeHte, KaKb
TpeMH AcJHCTBHTeJIbHbiMH IJIeHaMH 06mecTBa, H 3TH npea:loweHni
npeABaprTeabHo npoxon~aur qepes-b CoB'sT O06ruecTBa. H13-
6paHo B'b oTqeTHOM'b rTO.y B'ab X'iCTBHTeJIbHbie qaeHbl 06mlecTBa
5 aniua: F. Q. Bayap'b, C. B. KysHeuoab, B. M. fo:ioBHHn ,
M. B. BpeqKeBHr'b t I. I. 3MHrpoacRiA. Ho 3asalBeHiK) (6e3'b
H36paHiA) BCTynanHJ B b AfiCTBHTeJIbHlbe qJIeHbI 06mecTBa npo-
4)eccop'b lOpbeBcKaro YHHBepCHTeTa II. H. ApiaaueB-b. BbI6bi'b
H3ab qHcJa n.ThCTBHTejIbHbIX'b qjieHoB'b 06mecTBa OjHH'b -
yMepmiu C. H. Pomie. K'b ROHIy oTqeTHaro roaa J-IfiCTBHTeJIb-
HbMH qjieHaMH OI6mecTBa COCTOTar 63 jiana; B 3TOM'b qHlCJI
npenonaBaTejie: yHHBsepCTeTa 25, IOpbeBcKaro BeTepHHapHaro
HHCTHTyTa 3, apyrHXa yqe6HLux' 3aBaeeHii 24, H JlpyrHX'b jIHrnb
II. L'ficTBHTeJIbHbIXI qaeHOBa, HMBymHxH' B-b r. IOpbeBe, 54,
aBb ApyrHx'b ropoAax' H 3a-rpaHHuefi 9.
B'b nepBOMb 3aKpbITOM'b 3acnhAaHiH (13 OKT. 1901 r.) 6b6Ini
H36paH'b ToBapPmeM'b FpencnaaaTenj M. E. K p a c H o ;i e H -b
H 'JIeHaMH peBH3iOHHOfl KOMMHCCiH: C. K. Bory neBcr i i,
H. 3. MaTBhea- n B. K. MaabM6eprb.
BIb ceAbMOM- 3aKpbiTOM'b 3ac-UCaHiH (2 MapTa 1902 r.), no
rlpenjaoeHiIo H+KOTopx'btx qaeHOBb O6mtecTBa, 6bIaJIb H36paH'
6b]miii CeKpeTapb 06mtecTsa, opUHHapHbif npo4eccopb MOCKOB-
cxaro YHHBepCHTeTa A. B. H H K H T c K i - noqeTHbTIM qCenHOMb
06tecTBa, BO BHIMaHie K'b ero BbIlAaIIOMI MCI1 HayqHbiMb 3a-
cayraM- no rpeqecKofi HCTOpin H QjiuioJorin H ero anfTeJIb-
HOCTH Ha nOJIb3y 06mecTBa. TaKHM'b o6pa3oMb, K'b OHUy


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IX

oTqeTHaro roja, O61iecTBo nM'leTeb, KpOMIt BblLeyta3aHHblX'b
63 A-iceBCTBHTeJ]bHbX'b lneHOBb, eme ABa rnoeTHblX-.
Bi 14 oTKlpblTblX'b 3aciaLaHiHx'- 06umecTBa 6b1imi CA-ijaHbT
26 coo6mteHifi, H 6ojbumefo qaCTbIO 3TH Coo6uIIeHi5 nonReiana
o6cymcleHito, KaR'b co CTOPOHbl qJleHOB O06mecTBa, TaKb H CO
CTOpOHbI HtKOTOpblX1I H43' nOCtTHTeaefi.
Coo6m.eHiq caJalaaui cjmayomie qneHb O06mlecTsa:

I-e 3aciAaaHie 27 Maa 1901 r.
A. C. ByanosJBHi4b: 06 OCHOBHbIX- B033p+HiHXb
qepBoHHo-pyccKaro Mb1CAjnTej~I H 1i nTeJIa A. H. Hoo6pHcKaro.
Peq)epeHT o6pucoBana OCHOBHbiH Bo33p-hHis Jo6psIHCKaro,
oco6eHHo me T+, IOTOpUh onpeaFtIu'oI1Ob nPHHaanejiHOCTb 3Toro
cjassaHcKaro j'uiTe.nu IK-b qaCJIy qi+Tenefi KHpHlIJio-MeeoolieBcKaro
HanpaBjieHi. .JIH 3TOil U-4JIH pej)epeHTrB noapo6Ho pa3o6paj'b
cajilyioie Bonipocbi:
I) KaKRb cMOTp'ja ,l o6p9HCKif Ha jorMaTHqecKiU I H CTO-
pHaecti OTHomueHiH xpuCTiaHCKIIX'b uepKBefi, Bh HX'b B3aaMO-
a-fiCTsilI C'b ApyrnMH CTOpOHaMH HapOAHOft H KYJIbTypHOfi
WHI3HH CJiaBtIHb?
2) B- KaKOMb BHU h pHCOBajiHCb eMy naeaibi nIOJIHTHqecKoI
i(3HH cJaaBflH- ?
n 3) KaKb InpefcTaBusa- OH-b ce6"- Hxrb HopMajibHb1 OTHO-
meHie B-a o6JIacTi HayqHo-JMHTepaTypHofi, B- qaCTHOCTI no
Bonpocy o6b oi6mecjaaBHHCKOM% aSblK ?:':)

II-e 3aclaaHie -- 13 OET1a6pa 1901 r.
B. A. A aHacbeBa-: IKb 80o-jrTilo npobeccopa P.
BapxoBa.
(3TO coo6mteHie 6yneT- HaHeqaTaHO B s OIHOM-b H13b CJA-
.yioumHX-b TOMOnB C6opHHKa.)

III-e 3acAa ie 27 oKTI6pa 1901 r.
B. F. A ieK c eB'b: KQb BOnpocy o Heo6XOIHMOCTH AJ]
ecTecTBOHcnblTaTej.ei Hs3yseHi MaTeMaTHKH. H1o FnoBsoy o6Ha-
pywnBmarocH coBnaAefin (4)opMaJIbHbIX'b MeTOjOB- XHMiH H aJI-
re6pSl. (To coo6meHie HareqaTaHO Bsb V TOMt C6opHHka).

*) PeasoMMpoBaHo CeKpeTapeM-b 06mecTBa. 3TOT- pegepanT Hane-
naTaHn B'a inAJIOM- BH -I BIa npoToKojiaxa C.Herep6yprcKaro CaanBaHCKaro
06mnecTBa.








x

IV-sactaHiie 17 noa6pa 1901 r.
A. H. 1cHi HCKfi : ,OCHOBHblI qepTbl 3aKOHooaTeJbCTBa
H cyJoycTpoficTBa qexin a'b XIV--XV BB." (STO coo6LmeHie
HaneqaTaHO Bb V TOMt C6opHHKa.)
H. 1. B a H o B : ,,KpaTKan 3aMtTra o nepionXqecKOMt
HuaaHia FaiHULKo-pyccKOfi MaTHub]."

V-e 3actaHie 24 HOfi6pa 1901 r.
B. H. Cpe 3 H eBC i fi: ,,O BjinHi KJHMaTOBb Ha qejio-
BRKa." (3TO coo6meHie 6yaeT-b HaneqaTaHo B- VI TOM+t
C6opHHKa.)

VI-e 3actaHie 8 AeEa6pa 1901 r.
3ac aiaHie 6buio nocBaUmeHo qecTBOBaHilo CTOJITTHRIro
io6wnie (IO H0f16. 1801 I1 HOR6. 1901) Co aHH po)CaeHiA B.
HI. JlaJs. HocaJi BCTynHTejbHaro CJIOBa Hpexc-laTeiae, c~I-
.yrotmie opaTopbi npOH3HecJIH p'lqH:
E. B. 1 T y x o a: ,,Biorpa(HqecKifi otepKw B. H.. ,aia."
PegepeHTr npeacTaBHanJ cHaqaJa, Ha OCHOBaHiH HMI'3OUIHxca
neqaTHrux'sb aHHbix'b, 6iorpa(nmecKi. CBA.AnHi o B. H. ,lanir3.
Bjiaa. Ha. jaJin poa. o HORa6p 18oi roaa Ba JlyraHH; nepBo-
HaaJbHoe o6pasoBaHie nonyqHjna Ba ceMb,1, nolw' pyHOBOn-
CTBOM'b yMHaro H cTporaro oTuta H Becba o6pa3soaHHoii Ma-
Tepm, poma. (peiTar-s. B- 1814 roay H. 6bJIrb OTaaH'b Bab
MopcKOfi KaaeTcKifi Kopnyc-a Bb a eTep6yprh, no OKomHqain
Kypca B-b KOTopoM'b Bb 1819 roay BbinymueHb 6b b MHqMaHOMn b
H onpealineIe'b Ha C.jyH(6y Bsb HepHOMOpCKiii ()JIOT'b; OTTyaa
,,. nepeumena BH BaJiTiAcKiii (jiorb, a sepesa-b Ba roaa BbIwmen'
B'b oTCTaBKy H oTnpaBcHc4fl B'b ,e1epnrb HsyqaTb MeaLUHHy: 3TO
6bi6o Ba 1826 roAy. B'b 1829 roay, co cTeneHblo aOKTOpa Me-
nlH llHbl, J. 6bin'b Ha3HaqeCH BOeHHblMb BpaqeM- B'b A-i-
CTByHoinyio apMiho. Hpe6biBaHie Ha rInojr BoeHHbIX'b j ffiCTBifi,
Bb TypuiH, a 3aT'M'- B'b Ilojibmu (183o-1831) c6aanio3 ero
c-b npOCTbiM' pyCCKHM-b Haponom-b H naaio MHorO MaTepiaaa JuI
ero CosBapsi, HaIaJio KOTopOMy non1oweHO 6bLIO eute paHblue.
jIaJnbHi3fi4man H(H3Hb L. npoxoaHT-b TO Bb l-eTep6yprt, rax- OHb
BipepBble BbcTynaeT-b Ha JinTepaTypHoe nonp~iHe (1832), TO B'b
OpeH6yprt (1833-1840), TO CHOBa Bb HeTep6yprt npiH JI. A.
HepoBCxHOM (1841-1849), 3aT1M'b B'b HnMHeM HoBropoaxd









XI

(1849-1859) H B'b MOCKB no caMuof CMepTH (22 CeHT. 1872).
,Hanie, pe4)epeHT-b ocTaHOBHjI C Ha yqeHblX'b H JIHTepaTypHblX-b
Tpyaax- B. H. jajln, oco6eHHo Ha ero ,,CjoBap;b" n noBeCTrXab,
H jan'b Ba. KOHUtB o6muyio xapaKTepncTHKy JIHqHOCTH 3HaMeHI-
Taro pyccKaro sTHorpa)a H J1eKCHNorpa a.*)
A. B. HHK H TC K i: ,,CnpaBKH O ,aj% B- apxHBt IOpb-
escKaro YHHBepcHTeTa." (STO coo6ImeHie HaneqaTaHo B- V
TOMt C60pHHKa.)
B. A. A d4 a Hc b e B : ,,O A)ccepTaUiH ,aJ[m Ha CTeneHb
no1KTopa MejaHIHHb]. (3TO coo6ieHie 6yjeT- HaneqaTaHo B-
oatnoMib M3-b cAJIeyrou. Mx TOMOB'b C6opHHKa.)
M. H. CToJ1Ipo -b: ,B. H. qaJIb B-b jepnT-f."
Bb cBoeMm coo6iueHiH ,,B. H. janjb sI eprnT'" M. H.
CTOJIzpOB' K- OHQUiaJlbHb]M'b aaHHbiM'b, coo6umeHHbiMb npo4.
A. B. HHKHTCKHMb, npHcoemlIHHJ'b HacHKOJbKO noLpo6HocTef o
cTyneHqecKHx'b rouaxb jaans. UIaji npitxan~j B'b .epnT B-b
Haqaj a 1826 rona Ha 25 roay CBoe i WHSHH B'b NH OTCTaBHoro
jefiTeHaHTa. B- ,epfnT+ OHb H1(HJib BM+'CT CO oen MaTepblo
H MjaajUiHiM 6paTOMb, 3apa6aTbIBaa cpeaCTBa ypOKaMH pyccKaro
H3b]Ka (noniyqaja no I p. acc. 3a qact). Co cTopoHbi iipo)ec-
copoBs OH'b BCTp+BTHJ-b ,,Heo6blqaHHO paAymLHbIHi npieMb", HO
nocTynuIT Bb yHHBepCHTeT'b TOTqac'b me no upis3al He MOrF'
BCjrISeCTBie He3HaHir JiaTIHHciaro H3blaa. lepsbe noITopa roaa
CBoero ipe6blBaHiH Bsb IepnT' qTajib COCTOIJI'b BOJ1HOCjiyma-
TeJneM'b, noctulaml JeIKuiH no eCTeCTBeHHbIM-b HayraMb B b TO
me BpeMi Hayqaa naaTHHCKii H3biK'b (,,nTlOTH C'b a36ym"), riaB-
HbIM'b o6pa30M-b, BO BpeMH nporyjioRb no oKpeCTHOCTiHML
JepnTa. Byayqn emue BojbHocaymaTeieMbe, iaaib nojyqanji-
cepe6paHyro MeaJIb 3a pa6oTy o CKBamHoCTH, HanncaHHyIO Ha
H'mMeLnKOM'b as3blK. B'b Haqa:li 1828 r. ,aJIb 6bhla BHeCeH-
B'b CTyAeHqecKie MaTpHKyJlbl H TorAa ee, no BCei BWipORTHOCTH,
nojyqujrwb Ia3eHHy~l CTrneHAito B'b 200 py6. DTa cTHneHai9
noMuimaJia aJHio npoiTHa B'b jepnTt nOJIHbnHi Kypcb MeuHIriH-
CKHX-b HayKb. B'b 1829 r. xa3eHHbX-'b CTHrieHaiaTOB'b noTpe6o-
BsaH Ha TeaTp- pyccKo-Type[UKOF BOiHbl, H Jlab 1H3'b HeprlTa
oTnpaBujcsa Uoan CnjHCTpilo, nonyqasB' npenaapHTe.bHO, 611a-
rojapH cHHcxonJHTejiHOCTH npo4). Moftepa, CTeneHb aoKTopa Me-
aHuuuHbl H xpypriH. Cpean cTyneHTOB%- H aame B% HMeRUKOM'b
o6utecTB- jaaJb nOJIb30BajiCH 6ojibmof nonyjlqpHocTbro, KaK'b


*) PeaiomiposBao aBTopoMb.









XII

ACKycHblii onepaTopb, yBjieKaTeIbHblli pa3cKa3qWK'b, xopomini
aKTepb-KOMHKu', MaCTep- BI- npoH3BOACTB-; 6e3sIjaymeK- H3-b
uIIBTHoro CTeK.a H T. A. Boo6uxe, no CBHnt$TeJibCTBy lHpo-
rosa, Jajib 6blJnu MacTep Ha BCc pyKH. Oco6eHHO OH Bbl-
naBajncc CBOHMH CnOCo6HOCTHMH noapawaHis H nepenpa3HHBaHig,
a TaKie BClKIaro poia KOMHqeCKHMuH BbixojxalMH H qyqaqecTBaMH,
o KOTOpbiX'b MHoro rOBopHTCSl B7 BocnoMHHaHnifxb naporoBa H
IOpi5 ApHonjba. Omb cTyJleHnqeKHx'I KyTemef i Janb yKJIo-
HafJICs,o HO 3aTO BI majiocTaxb H npoKaaax- cTyaeHTOB-b npH-
HBManb caMoe AUs1TenbHoe yqacTie. BMtCTt Co CBOHM3 apy3b5MH
AHKe (BnOCRaiCTBiH npo(eccopb MocKoB. yH.) H UefiqeMe' (?)
Ha.nb qacTo 5sBJIRnJcR HHHuiiaTopoMi pasHaro poaa npoalJioKb.
H3a HHX'b Han6ojae cepbe3Hofi 6bio nepeHeceHie HOMbro 6o0b-
moro nepeBHHHaro KpbJibtta K a Ka3eHHOfi KBapTHpt OJlHOro
npojeccopa, y K~Toparo KpbInbuO COBCAM-b pa3BanJIHocb. O
CBOHXI- CTyJeHqeCKHX- roAax-b UaJI.b 1O KOHUa CBoeH WHH3HH
xpaHHJIn CaMbiH CB-TJlbI5 BocnoMHHaHiH. ,HH4TO BHI Mip- -
roBopHT'b OH'b Ba nOBeCTH ,,BojrapKa" He MOMeTiS 3aMtHHTb
3TH TpA roaa, npoTeKuie Bb 6e3MfTeMHOM'b H 6e3KOpbICTHOMb
pBeHiH yCBOHTb ce6f Hayy ... 3TO 6bijo BpeMn BocTopra,
3OJIOTofi B'eKSb HamefH )H3HH."*)

YII-e sactaHie 15 aeEa6pa 1901 r.
B. F. AajeK ceeB : ,,no noBOly CTOJIiTHarO Io6UHnes
3HaMeHHTaro MaTeMaTiKa M. B. OcTporpaacKaro." (3TO co-
o6ueHie 6yAeT- HaneqaTaHo Bs VI TOMt C6opHHKa.)
B. II. Ky p q H H K i : ,,OqepK' HayqHOR A'liRTeJlbHOCTH
npo(eccopa M. HeHLKaro." (3TO coo6imeHie HaneqaTaHO B-
V TOM' C60pHHKa.)

VIII-e 3actaHie 2 mapra 1902 r.
H. H. Apna m e Bb: ,,Bonpoc-b o UeHTpajiHaariM B'b
cTapofi ODpaHuiN."
06muan anH Bcel CTpaHbl CxeMa alMHHHCTpaTHBHaro CTPOn
no-peBoJfouLioHHofi IpaHuiH TaKoBa: a) Ba u eH Tp- ,,Hoponb
Bb CBOeMb COBATrh", OKpyweHHblf UieCTKIO MHHHCTpaMH; 6) Bb%
o 6 1 ac T -- areHTb B aejeraTt ueHTpaJbHOri BjacTH HHTeH-


*) PesioMnpoBaHo aBTOpOMb.









XII[

JaHT'b CO CBOHMH HenocpeACTBeHHo eMy noRqnHHeHHblMH areHTaMH,
cy6xLeneraTaMm (subdeldgu6s).
BnacTb H H T eH a H T a npocTHpaeTce Ha ORHHIb H3'- TpuIR-
uaTH aByx-' aJMHHHCTpaTHBHbIX'b oKpyroaB, Ha3bIBaeMbux-b o6b1(-
HOBeHHO, XOT5 H He COBCtbM'b TOqHO, reHepaabCTBaMH
(g 6 n 6 r a l i t6 s), a KOTopbie 6biio 6bi npaBeubHse Hasb3IaTb
HHTeHaaHTCTBaMH (intendances). BjacTb cy6aeneraTa
npocTmpaeTc5 Ha OaaIHH H3'b 6oji+e HJIH MeH'e MHoroqHCJieH-
HhuI'b oKpyroB-b, Ha KOTop~ue pasa3tjeHo Kaaaoe HHTeHAaHCTBO, H
KOTOpble HOC5T'b HaHMeHOBaHie c y 6 e eraT CTB (subd -
16gations).
C'b TOqKH 3ptHi5 aAnMHHCTpaTIBHO-npaBoBOfl, cxema aTa
npeCTaBJi~erT co60oo, 6e3cnopHo, He WTO HHoe, tcaK'b anMH-
HHCTpaTHBHYIO CHCTeMy ueHTpaJH3auiH. T'TM' He
MeHte, xapaKTepHsoaaTb aA lMHHHCTpaniioao-peBon ouion HHoi (paH-
uin, RaK-b CHCTeMy ueHTpa.an3aUiH, 6e3-, BCacaKHX orOBopoK-b, KaKb
9TO o6bIKHOBeHHO AlJIaeTCHI B- HCTOpHqecKoI juHTepaTypt, 6bijio
6bi OUiH6oqHO, H 3TO nO JByMb cjlyFroimMb 6c O6CTOflTeAnCTBaM%.
Bo-nepBblxib, B'b Ty cxeMy, O KOTopofi Huna p-tib, aajeKo
He yianialbaeTCl ULJI[HKOM' Becb alRMHHCTpaTHBHblii cTpoi
CTapofi (paHuin. EcaJ B'b HeM'b eCTb H 3BACTHbie 3JIeMeH T bl
ieHTpa iH aui H, KOTOpbie noKpblBalOTCS 3TOi CXeMOHf, TO
naJneeo He IocAIIAHI0o pOJIb HrparoTrb B'b HeM'b TaKK H He
yKjiaAblBBaiomiec, B'b 3Ty cxeMy MHoroqHCjieHHble ai eMeHT bl
neueHTp a H 3 a tiH.
Bo-BTOpbIX'-, B' TO qaaCTH aAMHHHCTpaTHBHarO CTPOf
CTapofi 'paHuin, KOTopag yxKanabiaeTcH Bsb Ha3BaHHyto cxeMy,
Hatiaio leHTpaJIH3aaiH nainero He HM-eT- 6e3ycJloBHaro rocnofi-
cTBa: Ha atlai OHO CnJIOLUb na pflROM'b napaJH3yeTcH, KaK'b B'b
aalMHHHCTpaTHBHoif opraH HSa iH, TaK'b H B'b aAMHHHCTpa-
THBHOim MeTo ,'b H'tKOTopbIMH npHcyuIHM ,,CTapOMy nopwsKy"
oco6eHHOCTaMH. *)

IX-e sactaHie 9 MapTa 1902 r.
E. B. n TyXOB -: ,,CTpaHntia 03'b HCTOpiH JepnTcKaro
yHHBepCHTeTa."
JoKI ia.nlaHKK npelcTasnBHj 063opb o6mtnxb, cJataoBaBUmnx
oAHO sa apyrHMb, HanpaBIeHifi Bb ynpaBjeHila )IepnTCKaHMb
yHHBepHrTeTOMb BO BTopofl nepioAb ero cymecTBOBaHi9, C'b

*) PesaoMHpoBaHo aBTopoML.











1820 no 1865 roa-,. TyT, Hawrim ce6t M+CTO H3o6pamenie m
xapaKTepmcTHxa ARtflTeJIbHOCTH MHHHCTpOBn 1H5I351 A. H. Fojiu-
UbsHa, rpaqa C. C. YaapoBa, noneqHTejlefi rpa*a K. A. JIMBeHa,
F. 13. Kpa*cTpeMa n E. 0. 0onw BpaAwe 6 B oTIoeHie wib
,IUoepnTCKOMy y epcTeTy Kb cyAb6aM HapoAHaro npocBt-
meui5 B- flp46aJITific~OM Kpa: Boo6me. Bi aCTHOCTH, 6o~ie
rno po6no 6man pa3cMoTp.Hbl oTHomHIe6 i noneTllHTeim rpaae
JI TepHa b peRTepaJb F. Hp. flappoTy H FyCTaBy Depcy.
BHa 6orpae noaCpo6HOM, Bnoneq peaepaT a 3TOThK HAneaTaseH
a' corHHenipa acTp opa: ,,HMnepaTopcif4i IOpbeBcKirP, 6bT H iefi
UjepnTciTi,M yHUsepCHTeTy 3a CTO JIcfTb ero cymeCTBOBaHiS,"
T. I ( nOpbea-T 1902), CTp. 323-359.*)

X-e 3acpanie 16 Miapea 1902 r.

A. C. He b peK3opo -b: ,,H3b 6blTa eapp H6HCKaro yI3sp a."
(DBT coo6menie anoepoHqaTao Bb V TOMpe C6opHpT a.)
A. H. 51 cU HCK i fi: ,,Fojo0-b H ero 6-lCTBiff B- cpenHie
BtKa."
O3HaKOMamWH cajymaaTeief c'b rjiaBHbIMH naHHb1MH KHIrH
KypmMaHa Hungersn6te im Mittelalter, BblumemueH B'b 1900 roay
Bab COCTaBt H3laaBaeMOfi B'b JefinunHrw KoJIJIeKuiL Leipziger
Studien aus dem Gebiet der Geschichte, peiepeHT'b c'hjnaini
TOJIbKO 3aMBHqaHiH no nOBoly xapaKTepa 3TOi pa6oTbl, e5 3Ha-
qeniHa a yKa3aaJI Ha COOTBITCTByromie ()aKTbl 13'b py'CCKOi
MCTopia.*)

XI-e sacgaHie 23 mapTa 1902 r.
H. H. Bt 1c i B c K i f: ,,LIIOJIbHblH c6eperaTelbHblH KaCCbL."
(STO coo6mteHie HaneqaTaHo Bb V TOM+ C6opHaKa.)

XII-e 3actAaHie 30 MapTa 1902 r.
M. B. Bpeq K e B b: ,CBTOnOJIKrb, KH9H3b HOMOpcKii."
(STO coo6meHie HaneqaTaHo B'b V TOM13 C6opHIKa.)
M. H. CTro.lpoB-b: ,,3nu30nb Ha 3b im3HH TypreHeBa."
Coo6meHie M. H. CToJilpoBa ,,3DnH30R'b t13-b )I13HH 1I. C.
TypreHena" 6bjio nocBameHHo onpoaepmeHuio HnpoKo-pacnpo-
cTpaHeHHaro Bab pyccKOi n uHocTpanHHOi ajTepaTypl- MHtHiH,


*) PeaioMHposaao aBTOpoM'L.









XV

6yaTo 6bI TypreneB nofleprHyT'b B-b 1852 roay apecTy H
BbiCbUlJIMK B'b JepeBHEo He CTOJIbKO 3a IHCbMO HO flOBOAy CMepTH
ForojiH, HaineqaTaHHoe Bb ,,MOCKOBCKHXb B-JIOMOCTax'b", CKOJ1bKO
3a H3aaHie ,3antcoK-b OxoTHHKa" oTJlJIbHORH KHHror. jIo-
Kjnaaql4'b yKa3blBajnr, qTO HH Bb BOCfnOMHHaHiRX'~ caMoro Typ-
reHeBa, Ha B'b COBpeMeHHblX-b apecTy anHeBHHKax-b nrHCbMax'b,
HH B'b o()HiaabHbU-X' aOKyMeHTax'h III OTBhJIeHii He ynoMH-
HaeTCH o ,,3anHcKax- OxoTHHKa", na H He Morno ynOMHHaTbCI,
noTOMy qTO pascKaslb TypreHeBa BblmLiaH a3b neqarT yme
Sno C Ji t Toro, KaKw OHS 6biji'b OCBo6omaeHi H3 1b-ifonx apecTa.
qTO KacaeTcs npoucxornleHia yKa3aHHaro MHiHia, BblCTaBJIHiO-
mlaro TypreHeBa MyqeHHKOM'b 3a npoTeCTTb npoTHBRn Kpl-
nocTHoro npaBa, To nOKJianaqK-', ocHOBblBasCb, rJIaBHb]M-b o6pa-
30M'b, Ha HlHCbM' 3HaMeHHTaro nHCaTeaI KHi K. K. CjIyqeBcKoMy
OTh 8 MapTa 1869 roaa, BblCta3aib npeanojomeHie, ITO TBOp-
UOM'b H pacnpocTpaHHTenie'b 3Toro jiomHaro MHtHi1 Mor'b 6bTb
caM-b aBTopb ,,3anucoKbO OxoTHnHa".*)

XIII-e sactaHie 7 asnpiia 1902 r.
TopmecTBeHHoe 3ac-RaHie 6buio nOCBaH eHHO io6HneiiHoMy
qecTBOBaHilo naMHTH H. B. Forojn. Ilocair naHixnjb1 no H.
B. Forojib H BCTynAHTejbHaro cnOBa HpeJLc-taJlaTeja 06mecTa,
npOH3Hecja phsqa cjaJtyomie opaTopbl:
H. H. HBaHOB' : ,,Frorojb B' HmPIHma";
I. I. 3 m rpo j c i fi : ,,orojb Ha cueHax-b ropoua IOpb-
esa JInHJanHacKofi ry6epHiH";
l. H. CocHOBC K i : ,,FroJrb H HlymiuKHH";
C. B. Ky 3H eo B 'b: ,,oroJb H TypreHeBi : H-CKOJbKO
napaJineeft AH3' xb HX'b 3HH".
3TH pttqH, 3a ICKJIloqeHieM'b nepBofi, HaneqaTaHbl B-b VI
TOM' C6opHHKa.
OCHOBHbIl MblCJI B'b p'qH H H. HI. HBaHoBa ,,oro.ib B-b
HSmHH' f" :
I. Foroji npeacTaBJanaJ co6olo HaTypy pe3BblqaiiHO
caomHyFo, naae 3araAnoHyio. Ero JHTepaTypHblr npOH3uBe.eHi
H nRCbMa npeaCTaBJnolT'b o6HnjbHbli AaaHHbI He TOJlbKO .JIAI
HCTOpiH jHTepaTypb H xynaoecTBeHHno K pHTHKH, HO TaKHme 1
uJI1 nrlcxoJlorin n, 6blTb MOHeeT'b, IICHxonaTOJloriH.

*) PesIOMpoBaHo aBTopoM-b.




a-i_,. , '





XVI

2. Ipe3BbiqanHO saaHbl B-b yKa3aHHbix-b OTHomeHix-b
,,ichbMa H. B. Iorona" B'b 4-x~b TT., 32a. B. H. IJenpouOMb,
H MaTepiajibi H3' apxHBa H+ma HcKaro HcTopHKo-)unjoaJorn-
qecKaro HHCTHTyTa KH. Be360poLKo, 6blBmeii rHMHaaiH B3bICUHX'L
HayK-b, HI43aHHble B'b ,,roOJIeBCKOM-b c6opHHKuI" roro.eBCHOIO
KOMHcciero npn HHCTITyTI.
3. Ye6nioe saaBeeHie, npiioTHmuee Forojia n aaBsuee eMy
o6pao3BaHie rFIMHa3iS BbiCIIIXnb HayKH KH. Bea6opoaKO,
npeacTaBiasa co6o0i oiAHo H3% HeMHOTrHX' yqe6HblX% 3aBeaeHifi,
no O6CTORTeabCTBaM% BpeMeHH BecbMa nolHoe, BblIno:HHBiuee
BanHblH M3CTHbl5 KyaJbTypHbl- 3aaaqH. OHO npeacTaBnJ o coe-
anHeHie cpelHnro yqe6Haro saBeneHi5 c'b TopnlHMecKmiM (j)a-
KRybTeTOM-b, npHn eML, na nocaJI-Hi 6buio oTseaeeHo Tpn 110-
ca.nixHH rona H3'b leaeTH.
4. )I}3Hb H yqseie sBb FuMHa3iH BbICUIIIHX HayF'b, npn
BcemM He6aaroycTpoiCTB-L, UapHBnueM%- B'b 3aBeAleniH BO BpeM.
yqeniR B'b HeMb FrorJI, HM+'h1 TM'b He MeHfe BecbMa BaaHoe
BJiiaHie Ha pasBHTie xyaowecTBeHHO-.jnTepaTypHaro TanaiiTa fo-
roji. 3AeCb He TOJIbKO fnojioeHbl OCHOBbI pa3BHTiI yMa n
BKyca K-b JiTepaTypt y Fororji (qTenie), HO H Haqanacb upo6a
xyaowecTseHHo-JIHTepaTypHaro BKyca ero (ycTpoficTBO Tearpa
n yqacTie B-b ipeacTaBJIeHiax-b, nepBbiu aHTepaTypHbll npons-
seaeHiR).
5. KaK-b BHyTpeHHfl5 wHSHb yqe6Haro 3aBseeHia, 'raKR H
oco6eHHOCTH coBpeeHHofi Foroiio ropoacRofi ~H3HHI Bb Hi-
{HHta aaJlH 3HaqITejibHyio aojio coaepmaHi nTepBbMb npos3Be-
aeHiaMnb Forojil H oTpa3HJsHCb B'b nocJYilayioux'b ero 1poa3-
BeneHiRaxb. (CaTHpa Ha H-+ifHHneB-b, FaHUb KroxejnrapTeab;
IOHOCbl npo(eccopOB'b apyrb Ha apyra cpaB. I A. I ass.
,,PeBH3op'", nepCOHamH Bo6IqnHCKTXa IIH ,o6qHHCKnX'b: OCO-
6eHHOCTH TOprOBOi MH3HH H*mnKHa cpaB. COOTB. M-cTa 143b
,,MepTB. Aymu-".)
6. IOpunuqecmifi xapaKTep- BblcUmaro OTAiJeniec FrImHa3iH
BblCuHX%- HayKr coo6ulHjIb oco6eHHoe HanpaBJeHiee MblCJIn H
TBopqecTBy Fororj. caKTb6 nopejopMeHHaro HenpaBocylnis
BCFlqecKOi *(H3HeHHOf HenpaBAUb npH BHI3UHeM% CTporoM'b pe-
HM'+t HHKojaeBcKaro ulapcTBOBaHi5R H npn BpoaenHHoii He-
O6blKHOBeHHOfH BFeqaTJIHTeJlbHOCTH frorOJIH, KPHCTaJnLH3OBaj]HCb
B-b ero TBopsecKfi ()aHTa3iH Bsb apRie o6pa3bi 1a aHBb1e THnni,
HcTopraBuie y Hamuero roMopHCTa, npo ero BbLCOKHX I HpaB-









XVII

CTBeHHO-lopHJHqecKHxb HIeanax-b, CKBOSb BHAlHMblfi Mipy CM'Xb
He3pHMbH CJiie3b].
7. FIHMHa3i BblC[UHX' HayKb KH. Be36opoJlKo Bh JIHLBt
Foroaji cocJiytHana amaHyro cJaym6y HameMy oTeqecTBy a
JloniHa 3aHlTb BHRHoe MI3CTO cpenlH axKTopoB- Hamuero npo-
caB-heHi.s H JiaTepaTypbI XIX B. OHa coo6imana MblCJn HrIaero
BejiHKaro nHcaTenji-EoMopHcTa imeeTHoe HanpaBaeHie, pasBHjna
ero 3CTeTHqecKil HaKJIOHHOCTH, 3aJI oHJIa B'h HeMb OCHOBbl
HpaBCTBeHHO o6LmecTBeHHarO BOCnHTaHii, BaOXHyjna eMy waway
o6mtecTBeHHO i RIBAHTejilHOCTH H HanpaBHla MbICJIb ero Ha 06-
LuecTBeHHoe 3O.1*)

XIV-e sacAaHie 5 raa 1902 r.
TopiecTBeHHoe 3ac-naaHie 6blJo nocBHImeHo io6HJeiiHOMy
iecTBoBaHiro naMsITH B. A. )IKyHoBCaro. flepea-b naHHXHrnofi
no B. A. )KyKOBCIOM-b 6biio npon3HeceH CJIOBO npoToiepeeM-
A. C. Lap esBCKHa M Hocij naHHXHlbi6 H BCTynuHTeJbHaro
caoBa rHpeAc$naTea I O6mecTBa, npoH3Hecjnl ptqH cJritayIorie
opaTopbI:
M. H. CTOJIpOB- b: ,,IKyKOBCKif KaK1- HaCTaBHHK-b
HMnepaTopa AjeicaHHpa II";
A. H. TponuKiui: ,,M. A. Mofiep-b B- a W3HHI noss3i
+KyKOBcKaro";
5q. H. JIayTeH6ax-b: ,,FrroOJb H }iKyKOBCKi Bb jia-
TbumCKOfi no33iH".
3ST p-th, 3a HCKEaioqeHieMM nepBoi, HaneqaTaHbi Bb VI
TOM'b C6opHHKa. ConepaaHie p'qn M. H. CTOJIapoBa cAi-Ayiomeee:
3HaqeHie )1. B'b HCTopin pyccKaro npocB-hmeHiR. HCTO-
piiecKoe a nejarorqsecKoe 3HaqeHie ero nosi3H. HpaBCTBeHHan
JIHqHOCTb }I ., ero Heo6blKHOBeHHa5R \io6poTa H rpawmiaHcKoe
MyweCTBO. OT3blBbI BaTOLUKOBa, HymKHHa, roroja, KonIboaa,
H. TypreHeBa, H. KnptpeaecKaro H 3ip. Aiu-b o }K. lHearorn-
qecKie HHTepecbi H 3aHlTin })1. Bb MOJIOIOCTH H B'b CTapocTH.
leaarornqecKaN A-LTeJIbHOCTb )}. npH sBopt. ,,H.raHb aocnH-
TaHia", ero RocTOTHHCTBa H HenocTaTKR. 3a6OTbl O HpaacTBeH-
HOM'b BocnmTaHii uecapeBHaa. Po.nb HCTOpin. Heo6b1qafHoe
TpynaoJ o6ie }K-ro. )}-ifi n Mepaepb. HcTopHqecKoe 3HaqeHie
neaarorHqecKOfi aRJTeCJbHOCTH ).*)

*) PesIOMHpoBaHO aBTOpOM).






1 !




'.. ''




XVIII

Bi oTKpblTbxi 3sac)iaHiHxb, iKpOM' qajeHOB-b 06uecTsa,
6bmajnH H nocTopOHHie nOCtTHTejHi, TaKxHe IpHHHHMaBuie yqacTie
B-H o6cymxeHiax'b jOKJlaROB-b. IHCJIO JaHI-b, IpHcyTCTBOBaBmHX-b
Ha OIHOM' 3achAJaHin, KOJie6ajIOCL OT- 20 aO 40, a Ha Top-
mecTBeHHbIx'b aactnaHix-b OTb 150-250.



II. COBstTI O6iecTBa.
CoBTtm- O6mecTBa HMJlia 13 sacnaaHifi: B- 9Igo roay -
30 Maa, 21 OKT., 4 H 22 HOaS6p, 8 H 20 ReKa6pp; B 1902 rony
- 3 4espajn, 3, 16 I 31 MapTa, 28 anpinis, 20 H 24 Ma5. B'
9TUHX 3achanaHiaRX o6cymaaanHcb Bonpocbi, Racatomuieca TeKy-
maxa HyM ib O06mecTBa:
I. B' Bsuaxb yBeiaHeHis cpencTB O 6maecTBa, COBT'ST
BXOaIHJb Bs MHHHCTepCTBO HaponHaro IpocauremeHias cb xoaa-
TaHCTBOM' o cy6cnain, H TaKosaf 6blia pasptrueHa Bb BHan
eanHospeMeHHaro noco6iH Bs 500 py6aefne Ha aSaaHis 06mecTsa.
2. COBsT- npHHHMa. -b MtpbI Kh pacnpocTpaneHiro nep-
BblX- qeTbIpext TOMOB- C6opHHKa OTiaqefi HXb Ha KOMMHCCilO
B' KHH)HHbIe Mara3HHbi, a TaKwe BbICblJIRKo HX'i B'b yqe6HbiI
saseaeHis, KOTopub BbnIHCblBaJI, rjaBHblM- o6pao30M, nepBie
TpH TOMa, yme peKoMeHaoBaHHble MHHHCTepCTBOMi HapoaHaro
HpocsaxmeHia ana 6u6nioTeKb cpeaxHnx- yqe6HhbX'b 3aaBeHeHii.
3. COBsT'b o6pamuajcas K- pa3HbIMi yqpe>aeHniaMb n pe-
naKltiaM- c-b npocb6oii o6-b o6M-HL H3auaHiaMH. TaKHMru o6pa-
30Mi O6IeCTBO rnojyqaeT H KpoMt mCypHaJIOBi, nepeaqcaeHHb6 x
Ba npeabiaymanx' OTneTax', eme HoBbie: ,,JlTepaTypHbff
BtcTHHxKi", ,,HayqHo JIaTepaTypHbfi C6opHuHK Farajino-
pyccKxo MaTHubI", ,,MHpHbii Tpyai-", ,,Bonpocbl BocnHTaHia n
o6yqeHia" (Tpyabl neaarornqeCKaro 06uecTBa npH MOCKOBCKOMu
yHHBepcaTeTr).
4. Bi 3acaaHiH COBwTa 3 eBepaans 1902 roaa CeRpeTaph
O6mecTBa A. B. HHKHTCKim CJIOWHaJIlb ce ce6H 3BaHie cexpe-
Taps O6mecTsa, BcJIaJcTBie nepexoaa Ha cany6y Bb MocKOBCKifi
YHHBsepcHTeTr, H COBtTi 06mecTBa nopyqHjItb cnoniseie
o6R3aHHOCTH ceKpeTaps qaeHy COBtTa B. F. AJieKc-teBy.
5. COBtTa HcrroanJHIHfb osaiomeHHoe Ha Hero nopyqeHie
O6mUecTBa 3aBtAbIBaTb neqaTaHieMi- TpynosB' 06uecTBa B-b H3-
naBaemoMib HuMb C6opHuit. Bl! nacTomlee BpeMa 3axoHenHO
neqaTaHie V-ro TOMa C6opHHKa, KOTopbln Ha Hmax'i BbilteeT-




'' / ' ^ '' .' ^ . ,, * !. .- %




XIX

Bb cB$a.*) PeaaKuiH V-ro TOMa 6blia nopyteHa COBTOM-b
fIpejlcjlaTejro 06ugecTBa.
6. HaKoHeua, COBtT-b o3a60oTHlcs B o OTqeTHOM-h roxy
yCTpoHTb TopweCTBeHHbl1 3ac-IaHis 06muecTBa jn ro6njefi-
Hbixb necTBOBaHif naMsTH H. B. forojia a B. A. }KyKoBcKaro.
Ca 3ToIO WoJIbrTo COBhT'-, o6pa30BaJrb cneuianjbHyo KOMMHCCilO
1H3- cJatly)omLHx'b aHfb: H. H. 4HaHoBa, H. 51. KHnpiaHoBHqa,
51. JIayTeH6axa, E. B. HFITyxoBa, H. H. CocHOBCKaro, M. H.
CTronpoBa, A. H. Tpolnuaro, A. C. IjapeBcRaro n A. H. SICnH-
cKaro. KoMMHCCiR npuraacHia eme Bs CBOfi cocTaB- B. H.
Cpe3HeBCKaro, B. K. ManjM6epra, C. B. KysHeuoBa, I. I. 3MH-
rpoiciaro H B-b HCKOJIbKHM- 3ac$tlaHiqx' Bblpa6oTaAa npoeKTbl
nporpaMM-b Top)ecTBeHHblX-b 3actlaHifi. COB-T-b 06mecTBa
npUHHJa- npoeKTbl KOMMHCCiH H Ha3bCKraII- cpeLCTBa BblnOJIHHTb
npeajiomeHHbl5 nporpaMMbl BO BC-X'b nHXb liaCTHX% Ha aac'-
jnainx-b 7 anp+uia n 5 Man cero 1902 rola.


III. Racca 06I ecTBa
3a BpeMs c' 23 Man 1901 rona no 21 Man 1902 rona.
IpHxogb.
OCTaTOKI, 1900/1 roaa . . . .. 34 py6. 44 K.
inieHcKie B3H cbi. . . . . . 66 -
OT-b MiHHCTepCTBa Hapo1FHaro HpocBeOineHiH
enHHOBpeMeHHoe noco6ie . . . 500 -
OT-b ipaBeeHin IOpbeBCKaro THHBepcHTeTa
noco6ie**).... ........ 150 -,,
OT' npoAamH ,,C6opHHKa" O6tecTBa. . 103 6o
HToro 854 py6. 04 K.
Pacxo%'.
rIeqaTanie IV T. ,,C6opHuKa" 1900/ r. . 509 py6. 09 i.
feqaTaHie ny6jbiKauif. . . . . 12 14
KaHaeJImpcKie H noHTOBie . . . . 38 ,, 77
Ha 6H6jiioTeqHbiFl rIan'b H npoqee . .. 150 86 ,
HToro 710 py6. 86 K.
*) 3TOT- TOM' 6y)eT- pa3ocnaH-, HeMeCjieHHO nIo B0xof BlIX CBfT'b,
roqeeTHLIM'b 4JeHaM', H TIM', H3b AtiCTBHTejIbHbX'h, KOTOpbIe yIIaaTHJIH
'qJIeHCIie B3HOCbI.
**) Ha3HaqeHHbHe rlpaBjeHieM-b Ha BeceHHee nojyroaie 1902 r. -
175 py6. B noco6ie O6muecTBy K 21 Man Bb Kaccy O6uIecTBa enme He
nocTynHna.








XX

Kacca KaI 21 Man 1902 r.

Ha TeKymeM-b cqeTy B-b IHICOBCKOM'b KoMMepq.
6aHKrh .. . . . . ... . 18 py6. II K.
B-b ocyaapcTBeHHofi C6eperaTenbbHuo Kacct
no KHRHM. N2 493/29243 ..... . 100
Ha pyKaxl y Ka3Hanqe 06mecTBa . . .25 ,, 07 ,
HToro 143 py6. 18 K.






IV. CMtTa Ha 1902/3 roya.


IpnxoHXa .

OcTaTOKr 1901/2 roaa . . . . 143 py6. 18 K.
njieHcKie B3HOCbl ... . . I. 00 1
Orb npoaamu C6opHuHa . . o ,, ,,
OnT- paBjeHi IlOpbencxaro YHHBepcrTeTa
(175 P. + 350 P.) ......... 525 --
Hposia nocTynJieHia . . . . ,, 82
HToro 870 py6. K.


Pacxoj'.

3a neqaTaHie T. V (1901/2 r.) H T. VI (1902/3 r.)
,,C6op a". . . . . . 1200oo py6. K
Ha ny6j.uauin . . . 20 ,, -
Ha 6n6iioTeKy 06muecrTa . . . . 50 -
Ha KaHuejiapcKie u nOqTOBble pacxob . 40 ,, -
HToro 1310 py6. K.









XXI


V. IIpoTORonJI
peBnaioHno] KOMMHCCiH YeHo JIHTepaTypHaro 06-
imeeTa UpH HMIIEPATOPCKOM'b IOpLeBcKOMmL VnH-
BepcHTeTt.


Ha6paHHaH 13 oxTR6ps 1901 roaa B' 3acftuaHin O06uecTBa
peBHaioHHaR KOMMHCCia npon3Bena 21 Man 1902 roaa noBtpKy
KaccbI H OTqeTa 3 a 1901/1902 roI H HaLmna 6yMarn K HHrH
CeKpeTaps O06mecTBa Bs HcnpaBHOCTH, aeHe{Hbils cpeacTBa H
Bce HMymIecTBO O6ulecTsa B'- coxpaHHocTr .
KpoMt HanjomeHHaro, KOMMHCCiH o6pamaeT- BHHMaHie Ha
caaByrowee:
I) l-lIeHCKie B3HOCbI Bi OTqeTHOM%' rOay nocTynanH He
BnOJIH-E HcnpaBHO.
2) fpeanoJomHeHHblf no CMtT- Ha HCTelKUmi OTqeTHbLI
roa' pacxoA'b Ha 6H 6 ioTeKy B- 50 py6. He 6binb npo-
H3BeaeHb.
HjieHbi peBH3iOHHOfi KOMMHCCin: C. BorymeBCKiii.
B. MaabM6eprb.





VI. 3SanioqeHle
CoBnta yreHo-JIHTepaTypHaro 06IIecTBa no nonoAy
nporoKona peBH3iOHHOR KOMMHCCiH.


fIo noBony nepBaro nyHKTa nOCTaHOBJneHO: COBaT'b HOHH-
MaJInb Heo6xoAHMOCTb nonoJIHeHiC cpencTBa- 06mecTBa B3bsCKa-
HieM'b qJIeHCKHX' BSHOCOB- H nOSTOMy nOCTaHOBHJIn BblUaBaTb
HoBbie TOMI C6opHHKa TOJIbKO qJIeHaM'b, ynnaTHBIUHM l' jieHCKie
B3HOCbl.
Ho noBoay BToporo nyHKTa, CoB- cqHTaeTb aoJIroM-
o6paTHTb BHHMaHie qjieHOB' O06mecTBa, 4TO B'b TeKymteMIb
II









XXII

roay nponsBeAeHw- pacxoa- Ha 6n6jiioTeKy B 40 py6jefi, a
HMeHHO Ha npio6pTTeHie 6m6JioOTeNHaro mlKana.
COBLT'bT O6fecTBa, B'b aKJIroqeHie, 6naronaprba peBn-
siOHHyio KOMMHCCHio 3a cajiaHHblH ero yKa3aHis.




VII. OTeeTr
SC cocTOaHiH 6H6JIioTeKH 06ugecTRa.

Ki 21 MaB 1902 r. BH 6n6jioTeKB YqeHo-JIHTepaTypHaro
Or6mecTBa npH HMnepaTopcKoMi IOpLeBCKOMwi yHHBepCHTeTi
COCTOLIO :
KHHr'b 46 Ha3BaHif Bs 61 T.
Epomiopx H OTAt.IjsbHublX OTTHCKOB-b 66 Ha3BaHifi BH 67 3K3.
Hepioanq. HsnaHifi n c6OpHHrOB% 22 Ha3BaHiH Bb 225 XJ, .
Ba OTqeTHOM- roay H3-b 6Hn6jioTer O06ujTecTBa 6blJO Bbl-
jaHo 18 KHHrb.
B 1900o/1 i 1901/2 rr. n- 6n6JlioTey 06mtecTBa nocTyrnnij
cIa+ayrormias KHHH:n
Boo TO B OnucaHie qeTBepToi seioncKofI pyxonunc 6n-
6AioTeRn CH6yprcKofi JyXOBHOil AKaaeMiu. CHB., 1898 r.
3MHrpoacKif, I. I. ,,HaMnTH )}KyKOBCKaro." IOpbeBb, 1902.
HBsaHOB -, H. H. O pyccKOfi CJIOBecHOCTH HaK- yqe6HOMi
rpeaMeTh. Bapmana, 1901.
Hs3 BCTiS CaaBnrHcuaro 61aroTBopHTeJIbHaro O6mecTBa.
1883-1886. (I-III).
HcTOpHKO-HJaIOJlOrHnqecxi HHCTHTyT% KHH35a Be360-
po0KO B-H H-H{iHHii (1875-1900). HpenoaaBaTena H Bocnii-
TaTejH. HIKHH'L, 1900.
JIyaMep- 51. H. CTaTHCTHs a KypJIHlHCKOfi ry6epHin. Mn-
TaBa, 1900.
- KypJIaHJlCKa ry6epHia. CBoai CTaTHCTHqecKHx-% AaHHblXb.
S-acTb I. MaTaBa, 1888.
H nH ITCKi i, A. B. HacJrBnoaHia Bi o6J6acTH rpeqecKux-
HaAnncefi. IOpbeBi, 1901.
OT eTi 0 COCTORHiH C.-HeTep6yprcKoti JyXOBHofi ARaaeMiu
sa 1899 roat. CHB., 1900.
n p H JI Ow e Hie KO Bcenoj aHHHfiImeMy oTqeTy acTJIqHHJCKaro
ry6epHaTopa aa 1899 n 1900 roaa. Penejib, 1900, 1901.









XXIII

n pHK H H C. H. faMSTH XoBaHCKaro. BopoHewta, 1899.
C 6 op H HK MaTepiajoBb no Bonpocy o6f AcTpaxaHcKofH we-
jaa3Hii ioporb. AcTpaxaHb, 1899.
C y BOp O B H. 06- IopH8aJecKHxa jinuax'i no pHMCKOMy npaBy.
TpokH ifi, M. HiMemaKa ncHxonoria B-b TeKymeM-b CTO-
aIrTi. HcTopHKo-aTLHecKoe H3cJIaboBaHie. T. I H II, 2-oe ms3.
MocKBa, 1883.
T p y bi KYypJasHaclaro ry6epHcKaro cTaTrcTHwqecKaro KOMHTeTa.
T. XVIII. fon l penaKuiefi 5. H. Jlya epa. MuTaBa, 1890.
TpyTOBCKi i, B. H-cKoIbKo CJIOB- no noBony M- AHaro
caMapKaHlCKaro ulHpxeMa, onacaHHaro r. B. B. BapTo.b OM'-.
MocKBa, 1901.
TpycMa nH, K. IO. (IfepeBonl.) KajeB Hn- (Kalevi poeg).
UpeBHlai aCTOHCKaa cara B- 20 n;caHIX-b. Bblin. I, PeBenb-
CHB., 1886, Bbin. II, Peenbe, 1889.
- 'Iyaccia nHcbMeHa. H3CxJiOBaHie. PeBeab, 1896.
- HyacJKo-,aHTOBcKie 3JIeMeHTbl B'b HoBropoACK]x'b nITHHax-b.
lacT, I. fIITHHbl: BoRjbcKan, ,epeBcKaH H IUleJOHCKan.
PeBe:b, 1898.
- STHMoorin MtCTHbiXb Ha3BaHif BHTe6cKoi ry6. Pe-
Bseb, 1897.
- 3TMoJIoria MuCTHb]X'b HasBaHiH IcKOBcKaro yf3sna. Pe-
Bejib, 1897.
K a 3 a T e b KHHHrI H pyKoncefi, nocTynHBmiHXb B'b 6H6nio-
TeKy C.-fleTep6yprcKoH ,UyXoBHof AKaneMiH B'b 1898.
cIB. 1899.
Ca m p en h a u s e n, G., Baron. Der Bauerlandverkauf auf den
Privatgttern Kurlands in den Jahren 1864-1872. Eine
statistische Studie. Mitau, 1873.
He y k ing, A. v., Baron. Land und Leute der Mitauschen
Oberhauptmannschaft. i Lieferung. Das Kirchspiel Sessau.
Mitau, 1867.



IlepiouHHecKiH H3jaHii.
KI- H3saHifM'b, nepeqnHcJeHHblM'b B'b rpeHIX-b% oTqeTaxb,
npu6aBnJlncb eme cjn-ybeomia5:
BorocJnoBcKii BtcTHHK'b, 1901.
Bonpocbi BocnnTaHiRH o6ynenis. (Tpyj3n IHeAarornqecKaro
O6mecTBa npH MocKoCKOMib YHHnBepCHTeT-.) 1, 1901 r.









XXIV

JIsTepaTypHhblf BtCTHHK-b I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 (1901). CnlB. 1901.
MnpHbui Tpyxab, T. I, II. 1902.
HayqHO-JlHTepaTypHblr C6opHHK- FranJl4o-Pyccrtoi MaTmnbl,
T. I, KHHrH I, 2, 3, 4. JIbBOB-, 1901.
Tpyau nenarormqecKaro O6mecTBa npu MocKOBCKOM- YHHBep-
CHTeTre, T. I. 1900.
QnHjiojorHqecKiH 3anHcKH (OCHOB. XOBaHCKHMb). T. I. BopoHewb,
1902.



VIII. CnO coIr
J I e nHO OI06IecTBa.*)

io0eTHble IJeHbl:
I. *ByaH JI OB II' AHTOH% CeMeHOBHI1qb, qJleH% COBTTa
MHHHCTpa HapoAHaro npocB-hUeHi5 (a. qjieHOM-b 06mecTBa
COCTOHTob Cb 27 anpia$ 1897 r.)
2. *H K T C K if, AneicaHp-b BacHJIbeBHqwr opauHapHbli
npojeccop-b MocKoBcKaro yHHBepCHTeTa (a. qjieHOM- 06-
mecTBa cocTOHTb cb 27 anptsi 1897 r.)


AtACTBHTOJIbHble JImeHbl:
I. *AaeKcaH I po b, HHOafia AjeicaHapoBnq-, npogec-
cop' Toucuaro yHHBepCHTeTa (cE 20 OKT. 1897 r.).
2. A e K Ce eB b, BHccapioHwi FpHropbeBas b, npo(eccop-b
yHHBepcHTeTa (cb 27 anp-iPa 1897 r.).
3. A pa a e B s, HaBeae HnKojaeBsww, npogeccop ynHsep-
CHTeTa (cb 24 Ho56ps 1901 r.).
4. A aHacbe B b, BsqecjiaBs AjeKcteBHa'b, npojeccopb
yHHBepCITeTa (c-6 27 anp- im 1897 r.).
5. B ay p -, FeHpnx'b pIApnHXOBHq'b, npenoaaBaTejnb weH-
CKOi rHMHa3in A. C. IIHymuKHa B'b IOpbeB (c' 8 ae-
Ka6pi 1901 r.).
6. BepALHHKOB ', HJILb CTenaHOBHq'b, 3acaymeHHb1U npo-
4eccopb HMnepaTopcKaro K{a3aHCKaro yHBepCHTeTa n Ka-
3aHCKOfiH yxoBHoi aKanemin (c-b Io MaN 1898 r.).

*) 3B1's-oqIKOi o6oaHaqeHbl r.r. HHoropOAHie 'IIeRu.









XXV

7. Bor y Lu e B CKa a, Jlio~lMHa Cepr+heBHa, meHa npo eccopa
yHnHepCHTeTa (c' 23 OKTR6pq 1897 r.).
8. Bor ymeBCKifi, Cepri Ka3IMipoBMqb, npoQeccopb
yHHBepCHTeTa (cb 27 anp-inr 1897 r.).
9. B p e K e B H q MuTpo(aH'i BacnmjieBHi, KaHnauaTb yHH-
BepcHTeTa (co 2 MapTa 1902 r.).
10. B Ei Hs BC K i f, HnKonai HnKonaeBHqb, npo4eccopi yHH-
BepcHTeTa (c-b 23 OKTS6pS 1897 r.).
11. Bac b e b, CTenaHn MmxaHoajOBnHb, npojeccopb yHHI-
BepCHTeTa (ci 27 anp$ia 1897 r.).
12. *FaH 3 e p, MapTbUH' AHTOHOBaq-b, nHCneHKTop- Hapoa-
Hbu-b yqnnHiN'b (cb 26 aarycTa 1898 r.).
13. F a n n x b, Kapaji KapaoBHnb, npogeccopi IOpbescKaro
BeTepHHapHaro HHCTHTyTa (ci 29 Man 1899 r.).
14. F ronoBn b, BHKTopi MHxaHJIOBHui, Hlpenc'BlaaTeib
Cib3aa MapoBblxb Cyaei Bs- IOpbeBA (ci 8 aeKa6ps 1901 r.).
15. o p y U 1K H a, Haaeiaa HnKuHopOBHa, Han3HpaTejiaHHua
IOpbeacKofi meHCKOi rHMHa3in A. C. rHynIKnHa (c' 30 OK-
TS6ps 1899 r.).
16. F p a B I T b, EpMonaHi AHaHbeBHI, nOMOIIIHHK'b nHcneKTopa
cTynerHTOB' IO. yHHBepcCTeTa (ci 29 aHBapS 1898 r.).
17. *,I a H H A e B H q B, BacHniii EqjHMOBHqi', ynITejib peanbHaro
yqanuma (c- 23 OKT5r6p 1897 r.).
18. j.p y W H H H b, MnxanHJIb IBaHOBsnqb, npojeccop-b yHH-
sepCHTeTa (c- 27 anpJian 1897 r.).
19. *3 an u-, BacMiuin OcUnoBHqib, HHcneieKTop peaJbHaro yqH-
jmaina (cb 26 MapTa 1898 r.).
20. 3 a q H H C K i AnaM- OpaHuoBnqb, npoCeccopb yHHBep-
cHTeTa (c- 27 anp-hai 1897 r.).
21. 3 M rpoa cK, i, Iocai ocawf IO )OBHw'b, 6bIBuii npenoAasa-
Teni rHMHa3iH (co 2 MapTa 1902 r.).
22. 3 o o Tape B'b, IMHTpif HnKoaaenHq-b, yqHTejb rFMHa3iH
(c- 29 Mas 1899 r.).
23. *Ha a H o B HHKonjan HBanonBHq-, LupeKTop- HHKoJaeB-
CKofi rHMHa31Hi B Pwnr (cb 19 laeKa6ps 1897 r.).
24. Hr H a T B C K i i, AjaHacifi CeprheBnwq', npoceccopb yHH-
sepcHTeTa (cb 27 anpasin 1897 r.).
25. K n M a, FycTaB-b KapjoBnqb, yqTenb Haqa.abHaro ropon-
cKaro yqjaHmua (c- 29 Man 1899 r.).
26. K HnpiaHOBH q HHKonaai IKOBJCeBHqb, HHCueKTop'
rllMHa3iH (c'b Io Man 1898 r.).









XXVI

27. K o H J aK o B, HBaH JIaBpeHTbeBulqb, npo eccop- yHH-
BepcHTeTa (ci 27 anprfi 1897 r.).
28. KopIn I, HBaH- lIeTpoBIub, yqnTeJIb lOpbeBcKaro Ha-
qaabH. yqnji. (c' 29 Man 1900 r.).
29. .K p a c H O w e H B, MHxaHnb EropoBq-b,I npogeccop yHH-
BepcHTeTa (cb 27 anp+ian 1897 r.).
30. K pa mI e H H H K 0 B L, MHxarHJn HHKHTHM ', npoqeccopb
yHHBepcrTeTa (ci 5 MapTa 1898 r.).
31. Ky3H euoB' CTenaWH BacnjeBHMs-, HHcnelKTop- pea6b-
Haro yqHmiHma Bb IOpbea- (ci 15 aeKa6p 1901I r.).
32. Ky p 4 n H c K i BacHiii4 I-aJijiaaieBHq-b, npogeccop- yHH-
BepcHTeTa (cb 23 OKTR6pq 1897 r.).
33. JIayTeH6ax-b, luKOB- HIHnienBHb, JneKTop- aI npBsaTb-
AoueHTeb yHHBepcHTeTa (cb 27 anptan 1897 r.).
34. MasbM6 epr BaianuMipi KOHCTaHTHHOBHii'i, Ipogec-
copi yHHBepcHTeTa (ci 23 oKT56pH 1897 r.).
35. MaTB e B b, HHKojafi 3axaposBHq, yqnTe.Ti peanbHaro
yqjimuia (cb 30 cenHT6p5 1899 r.).
36. M x afi o B i, AneKcaHnp-b BacHanbeBHnwq, accucTeHTb
IOpbescKaro seTepnHapHaro HHCTHTyTa (ci 29 Man 1899 r.).
37. HapycK '>pMu' FyCTaBOBHq'h, yqITejib HaqajrHaro
ropoacuaro yqmjminma (c' 18 MapTa 1899 r.).
38. He 3op o B, AaeKcaHapi Cepa4HMOBHqb, npo(eccop-b
yHHBepcHTeTa (c'b 27 anp'l;n 1897 r.).
39. H e r oT H ab, IKOBb Ky3bMn'hq, aoueHTTb KOpbeBCKaro Be-
TepHHapHaro HHCTHTyTa (cb 22 OKfTa6p 1898 r.).
40. *H 14 K o n. a e B c K i i, AJeKcaHipb BacnJlbeBHnb, npoToiepef
Inocon JCKOH iepKBH B BHHi B'H (c- 23 OKT.R6pl 1897 r.).
41. O0e, 5IKOB'b pHlapHxo0BHin, npogeccopb yHHBepcIHTeTa
(cb 27 anp-ti 1897 r.).
42. I eTp o B Bacnjiii BacijibeBuHqb, yqHTe.nb rFMHa3ili (ci
23 OKT56pa 1897 r.).
43. IlpoaaH- HcHalop2 CaBHq-b, yqtlTelb rHMHa3iH (cb
30 ceHT.6pI 1899 r.).
44. n f3Tyx o B', EBreHin BaqecjaaBOBinqb, npo0eccopp yHH-
BepCHTeTa (cb 27 anpt~a 1897 r.).
45. Pe H HH i, MapTb]Hb Jio1HHcieBHq-b, yqnlTejb naqaJibHaro
ropoacuaro yquHinma (c' 18 MapTa 1899 r.).
46. Caxapo Bb, HBaH-b HJIbHnIb, yqaTejIb ruMHa3ii (cb
30 ceHTi 6pn 1899 r.).




-". .. Ir t





XXVII

47. C e e H B HnKojaia MHxarJIOBHq-b, 3aBBLbBalOlUi 2-M-
IOpbeBCKHM'b ropoaCKlM'b yqHtinmLeM-b (cb 16 Mar 1900 r.).
48. C ip 6 H b, HHKoJaiai AJieKcaHAPpoBHqb, yq4Tejib rHM-
Ha3iH (c-b 29 HHBap~ 1898 r.).
49. C CHOBC K iii, feTp- HlKonjaeBHq-b, yqaTeJIb peajibHaro
yqai. (cb 16 OKTS6pS 1900 r.).
50. C p e 3 H e B C Bopnc-b H3MaHJIOBHb, upo0)eccop'i yHH-
BepCHTeTa (c' 27 anpnjig 1897 r.).
51. C T oji p o B MHxana.b HnKoaaeBnqb, HacTaBHHnK IOpb-
esccKOf yqrlTeaibcKoi ceMHHapin (cB 5 MapTa 1898 r.).
52. Too nMOH, ApBeab HIBaHOBH9'b, aoIueHTT yHHBepcHTeTa
(C'b 27 anp-inS 1897 r.).
53. Tpe )He p~b, Fyro JIroneBHroBsq-q, aUpeKTop- qacTHOfi
rHMHa3iH Ba r. IOpbeBt (ci- 26 MapTa 1898 r.).
54. Tpo 4 1ifi, AneiKCli HuKojaeBuq-b, yrqTejb rHMHa3iH
(c-b 16 Man 1900 r.).
55. *Tp y T o B i i f, Biaa.nnip h KoHCTaHTHHOBIHi,, ceKpeTapb
HMrepaTopcKaro MocKOBcKaroApxeonorHqecKaro 06utecTBa
(ci 30 OKTR6p5 1899 r.).
56. X B I bCOH b, BjiaaWMip- ,JIaHHJMOBHIq, npHCIUHbli no-
B-peHHblr B-b IOpbesB (c- 30 OKTS6pS 1899 r.).
57. I apeacKi ApceHnii CeMeHOBHM-, npoToiepefi, npo(ec-
copb yHHBepcuHeTa (cb 27 anp-eh 1897 r.).
58. I epH y co b, EBreHifi AieKcaHaposBaq yqHTenb pe-
aJIbHaro yqnHmra (c'b 23 OKTa6pS 1897 r.).
59. *I H p B a H C K i fi, CTaHcjiaB-b Ioca(osHq, npo(eccopb
yHuHepCHTeTa (cb 5 MapTa 1898 r.).
60. *I" aTa jo B1-, I/BaH- JIOHrHHOBUq'b, HHCHeKTop'h Hapo0-
HbIX'b yqHJIHI~n' (cb 23 OKT56pS 1897 r.).
61. *III a Taa o b, TpopHMub JIOHrHHOBH o b, yqHTejib KoMMep-
qecKaro yqanlima (cb 18 MapTa 1899 r.).
62. O p Ka Ta M HBaH AjneKCteBHqsa yqHTeJb HaqajibHaro
npH yqnTejnbCKOr ceMHHapin yq4jinama (cb 22 OKTRi6p 1898 r.).
63. i cn H cK i, AHTOH' HHKHTHuqI, npoCeccopb yHHBep-
CHTeTa (c-b 27 anpijia 1897 r.).




.,. *z.-




XXVIII





IX. COBtTa Oft~eCTBa Ha 1902/ 3 r.




HpejctxaTeab M. E. KpacHo w eH-b.
TOBapHiu-b HpeictiaTeMH 11. H. ApaatLueBL.
CeRpeTapb B. F. Ai erc' eB -.
Ka3Haqeri E. A. rpa BHT-b.
'-iieHb] COBtTa: I. I. 3MHrpoacRKift, B. K. MaJIbm6 epr-,
1E. 1. Cpe He eCKii.
Bu6JioTeKapb M. B. BpeqKe B H b.























CTenaH-b eaHoDNa b Pome.

(Helpojori.)

C. 11. Pome, (ppayHIly3CKiA HO.zaHHbIfi, poAHJICH BI 1847 roAy;
noJyHJuni AlOMaunHee oGpa3oBaHie.
Bb Haaajn 70-xb roOB'b C. H. npi'xanj B'b Poccilo H Bb
1874 r. Bbirepxcajib npnH OecccOM'b yMe6HOM'b oIpyrt HcnblTaHie Ha
3BaHie npenoaBaTejria (paHnyacKaro H.3bIKa. Bbijib npenogaBaTeaeMi
4paHuyacI3aro 53blKa Bb paaj iHnHblX'b yie6HblX'b aaBeAeHiHx'b: B'b fpo-
ciaBcKofl rHMHaa3i, Bb TyJIbCKOl )CHCCKOI rFHMHaaiH, BR AjeKCaHapon-
CXOMB nniget Bb C.-IIeTep6yprcxoMrb FoMMepmecKCOMb yIHjnuiHT r.
IKoHTa, Ba IOpbeBCKOft rHMHa3iH H IOpbeBCKOM'b peaJIbHOMb yHJInHIRt.
HaKOHe1'b, 17 Hoa6pa 1894 r. C. H. 6bIJlrH HaaHaMeHr JIeKTOpOMb
(ppaHiyscKaro RabiKa rnpH IOpbeBCKoM'b YHHBepcHTeTt, 'ba KaKOBofit OJ3K-
HOCTIH COCTOSTJI'b JO AHHS CBOefl KOHHHHbI 29 OKTa6pn 1901 r. Ho-
catraHie roaxb C. H. CTpagaJI'b H3HypHTeJIbHOIO 6o0J3HbIo caxap-
HbIM'b iia6eTOMb. JI'tICTBHTeJIbHbtIMb 'JieHOM YeHO-JIHTepaTypHaro
06nOecTBa C. H. COCTOHJIo CO AHHa OCHOBaHi I nocJIatlHro, T. e. C'
27 anpins 1897 r. Bb nepBblfl roAl cylnecTBoBaHis OG6mecTsa C. H.
cocToRIIb 'JIeHOMI' COBtTa 06MuecTBa. 29 sHBaps 1898 r. C. H.
c IaiajI gOKaa'): ,,0 HOBiMRUHX'b HO3JItosOBaHiHxb no HaiLioHaJIbHOf
JaTepaTypt (DIpamiiH IX-XII BB. H o6'b o06IeMb 3aHaqeHiH OTHOCHIHxcH
cloAa npoH3aeieHifi". HocJIaHee BpeMs C. H. MHOrO pa60Tai'b aJI
MHHHCTepcTBa (uHaHCOB'b, BbIIOJIHH pa3JIHaHbIe nepeBoAbI cosHHeHifl
o pyccKOfl npoMblumneHHOCTH, npeInHa3HaeHHl Ia JISI 3HaKOMJIeHis (ppaH-
ys30Bs Cb ycntixaMH pyccCKol npOMbiIJIeHHOCTH. Ha no0io6HbIR ce
TeMbI C. H. IHTaJIb JneKIiH BO (DpaHuiH, BO BpeMNS CBOHXTb JITHIHXa
not3AIOKx b Ha pOAHHy.
IIposHB'b MHOPO JIAT'b B'b Pocci, C. H. Pome nonjo6Hja cBOe
HOnoe OTeIeCTBO H yme laBHO CTpeMHJCn IIpHHHTb nIpaBocIaBie ; no-
cnjtlHee, HaEOHeu'b, ocyl eTBHJI'b OHb roa a s A)Ba Ao CBoef CMepTH.
Ilepea b naHHXHnoii no C. HI. B'b yHHBepCHTeTCKOi AJeIecaH;npo-
11*










XXX

HeBcxofrl epxnH npoDeccop, npaBoceiaBHaro iorocJOBia, npoTniepeft
A. C. 11apeBncii cKaaajir cjnAyioInee npo'yBCTBOBaHHOe CJIOBO
,,HbITI'I co6parb Haci cOIOa nosInBmiii co6paTb Hamra, pa61i Boaift
CTe(aH'b. a)aHM'b, B3nJIIO6JIeHHble, nIOJItgHHee MOJIHTBeHHoe yT?'imeHie
eMy, oTnpaBInarnoieMyca HblHlu B' nyTb Bcefl aeMnJH. MbI MaJIO 3H~eMb
o ero KH3HH, HO CYAli HO TOMy, TO MbI 3HaeM'b 0 Hel, MOsCeM'b cKa-
3aTb, MTO I 1C3Hb Ta. He yJIbi6aJIaCb eMy: TepHie n BOJIIISI ipeia.iarana
OHa eMy. Tpyuno eMy GbIno mHTbh Ha CBoefn Aajiexof pOAJHHit OH',
ocTaBHJIa ee, OTblCIHSBaSI yjrmefl 3KH3HH Ha naJIaeKof iAJI HerO 'yqVt-
6HH'. IIpHIIeJIbIeM'b M CTpaHHHKOM'b fBHJICH OH' cpenH Hac'b I Bceit
Aymuolo norjo6HJI'b Hame OTeeTBO. Ho Majio yTtm TeJbHaro HaljneiL
OH' H 3atCb. THeOJIbfiH yMHTeJIbCKifl TpyAi', oropveHia no c.iyac6t,
6tAuHOCTb H 60J t3Hb o6peMeH TnjH ero. Ho OHL He Hnalarb ayxoML HI
BceraFa Ka3aJICS BecejbIMM' H 6e3Ba60THbIM'b, Bcerga OH'L 6Oopo CMOT-
ptJI' Ha 6yAymee. HHnorAa Mbl He CJIblXaJIH OT'b Hero SKaJIo6bi Ha
CBOIO cjnym6y, HHKoraa He ocyclaarj'b OHW TtXrb ymacbIXb XpHCTOBOfi
JIIO6BH JIHnb, KOTopbIe oroppaJIH H IeCTOKO OGH aJIH ero. B T icHlX
06CTORTeJbCTBaax% CBOHX'b OH' HCKaJI' TOJILRO yTtimeHiR pejHriosHaro
H, He HaXOJS ero B'b IepxKBH, Bsb KOTOpoRI poAnHJic, OH nHpHHuaTb npa-
BoCJIaBie. CTaJIb JIeHOMrb CB. npaBoCJnaBHIft I epKB H H HanHMTb co6pa-
TOM' o XpHCTt. Ho H 3TOT L mars ero BLb HbIH~u IHee ne'iaJlbHoe BpeM1I
HeBtpia H ropeanjHaro npeHe6peameHiH K' IJepKBH npaBocJIaBHofi co
CTOPOHbl JIHIE HHTeJIJIHreHTHbIXb IIHpHHHHJI'b eMy He MaJIO oropqeHifl
KcaEL oT' npeUKHHX' eAHHOBtPpueB' ero, TaWlb H OTI TbXb npaociaB-
HbIX'L, IOTopbie, HMenyacH IIpaBOcJIaBHbIMH, InO cH3HH H II,JISM'b CBOIHM'
OTpeKJIHCb OT nrpaBoCJIaBiI. BHJIHO Bory yroIjHO GbLIJI, qTO0Ib Ha
HeM' HCHOJIHHJIOCb CJIOBO eBaHreJJIbCIOe: ,,6JI a e H H e c T e, Ir a
HOHOCHITL B~ac H HJAe HyTb H peRyT' BCHR' K .03'
rajaroaJI, Ha Bb! JIcyime MeHe pagH; paAyflTecb H Bnce-
JIHTeCb, HKO M3Aa Bamar MHora Ha He6ecH". B 'b no:I;ta-
HOe BpeMH 3H2C3Hb ero, IOBHHMHMOMy, CTaJia 6jaaroycTpaHBaTbce, n1o Pocnojy
He yroIAHO GblJIO, IT6Ob OHa IipoAojaIJaCIb, H OH' B3 sJI'b ero rI, (J cOt.
HbhlH co6paT'r Ham', paG6 Boinf CTePaHb, nipeACTOHT' ITpecTo.Iy
Boncio, WTOlbI OTgaTb BAStHOMy H HeyMblTHOMy CyAin OTqeT' BO BCc'x'I
rptxax', KOTopbie OH'S coBepniHJi' Ha aeMjit. IIoMoInHMcI, HTTO6 I'oc-
HIIOb HOMHJIOBaJI' ero Ha ceMb cygt, npocTHJia eMy BCt BOJIbHIIY HI
HeBnojbHbLf! corpt neHia, 3a TpyAbi nr oropseHia 3eMHOfl aH3HH ePO
BceJIHJI'b ero HB' uapcTBb HeeOCHOM'b, PF r HtT' H H 6ojB3Hnefl, HH B03-
;lbixaHia, HH njiaia, HH BOInJ HO paJiocTb H Becenie B'B5HbIl H iKilI b
OeaIcOHe9Htan. AMHHI."















llaMsITH

BeJIHK14X'b pyeeCwx4b nwca~ejief


H. B. rorFOJ H B. A. MIykOBcKaro.




Topt;ecmeHHbIuH 3actnaaHmi Y1eiio-.TIITepaTypHaro O6IeTBa ripH 14 m ri e -
p a TO C Ri 0 N 'b IOPbeBCKOMTb YHHBePCIITeTt 7 aiiptji.9 H 5 Ma.9 1902 r.






















B%' BocKpeceHbe, 7 anpt~in 1902 ro;ta, a, aKTOBOM' 3aajit
1OpLeBCKO MyKCKOfI rIMHaa3i COCTOHJIOCb Top;mecTBeHHoe aact-
naHie YueHo-JIHTepaTypHaro 06mecTBa npaH HlmiepaTopcKoM%
IOpbeBCKOM'b YHHBepCHTeTt, IIocB5mieHHoe IO6iHMJefHOMy qeCTBO-
BaHiho naMaTH BejiKaKaro pyccaro incaTenaa H. B. r o r o a a ,
110 cjiyai)o ncUnooiHnalraroca i iTHAeCRTHi4JITia CO WHHI ero KOHMHHbl.
AKTOBIufi 3aJIr rHMHasiH 6hiau AeKopHpoBaHT KIHBhMHI pacTe-
HisMH; Ha BuhCOKOM'L nbeAecTajn cpeA~n eJaeHl HOMtilanJICa I6CT'b
BeJHKaro luHcaTeJI 3eMJII4 pyccKol.
IecTBosaHie riaMTH H. B. ro 0 o JI Haqaj oc BCL 11/4 maca
AHH BT upIyICTCTBiH 60oblIHHCTBa tqeHOB% 06IueCTBa H MHOPO-
qeCJleHHhMX% rocTel.
IlepeJ OTKpuTieM'% actAaHia, 3aKOHoyqHTeJab InMHa3in I0.
C. H. 0 0 K K 0 COBepumjn nIaHMXXH1y no yconmeM IInmcaTelt,
rpn qeMn nt~n~ cTyaeHqecKiIl XOpb noA ynpaBJeHie6Ma CTyxeHTa
M HI T p o B C K a r 0. IfocJIt uaHHxIHA BsolneJIi Ha KaeeApy
npeActaaTeJi 06mecTBa A. H. C H C K 1i H, uPO3HeCH KpaT-
Kylo pt b 0 3HaqeHiH upeACTo0ularo TopmecTBeHHarO 3act.aHia,
o6alBIia a 3actlaHie OTKPUTLIM%.
IlepBUM%0 opaTOpo0M' BbUCTynUHJI'% AtFCTBHTeJIbHLIf qJleH'
06mOecTBa, AlpeKTPo K)OpbeBCKOft MymCKOit rPMHa3i H. H. H B a-
HOBb H npOHnHec'b p'ib Ha Tey : ,, 0 oro b B' HtimHt".
IlocJa pti H. H. H. laHOBa 6unia IcnoIHeHa cTyaeHTOMu P a M -
M y n e M % (Ha poaJIt) A CTpyHHlUM', opKecTpo0M ropo0CKOWf Ka-
nea ij ,,Ma1icKaa HOqb" PMCKaro-IKopcaKOBa.









2

3aTtM% cAltAOBajI% JtOKJianat jnsfiCTBHTeJ~hHaI'o i.leHa 06-
mecTBa I. I. 3 m rpo c Karo: ,, oroj b na cueHax% ropopua
IOpbeBa JInsJIMHaCKOa ry6epHiM."
HocJl~ BToro AOKaiajia 6bjib HC[HOJHeH'b Ab CTBHTeJIbHUM'b
q.ieHoM'b 06iecTBa, Ipo()eccopoM'b B. H. C p e 3 H e B C K H M 'h (Ha
pojir.t) n CTpyHHbIMb opKeCTPOM'b ropoacKof Kaiie.ijani ,,louaiK,"
qailKOBCKaro.
jazJte cjtAosana ptqhb a;CTBnTeJlbHaro iJieHa 06mrecTBa,
upenoaaBaTeja IOpbeBcKaro peaJIbsaro yqHJIHIna n. 1H. COCHOB-
CKaro: ,,PoroIJIb 1 flylIIKMH'L".
3aTt'M' I. I. 3MMr I'poCK i poeeJI. OTpULBKl 1 n31
coq44eHili Forojia: ,,PeBa3op'h" H ,,MepTBhi aymni".
IocM at AeKJlaMariH I. I. 3 M Hr p oa C K ar o, c ryleHTOMb
H KO B e B i M 6hbIa nInoJIHeHa apina Wt onepu .,Pass3BjHa
Hiqb" 1 C e HK a.
3actiaHie 8aKOHqn.ocLh ptqbIO a;fiC'rTBMTeJIbHaro qJleHa
06mecTsa, HHCneKTopa 10pbeBCKaro pea.IbHaro yqHMJIMuia, C. B.
tKyHe.oBa: ,,Forojb H TypreHneBR: H'BCKOJibKO napan-
0jieft f3b IXI H H3SHH."





















B' BocKpeceHbe, 5 Maa 1902 r., Bs 1 q. nHH, B' aKTOBOMM'
3aaz YRnHepCHTeTa COCTOJIjIOC TopwaecTBeHHoe 3act aHie YqeHo-
-HTepaTypHaro 06mecTBa npn HIMuepaTopCKOM IjOpbeBCKOM%
YHHBePCHTeTt, nOCBIaleHHOe qeCTBOBaHiO HIaMHTH BejZHKarO
pyccKaro iosTa B. A. y K OBC K a ro, no cjIyqaio HcIOJIHHB-
llaroca IIrITeaecaTHTItTiaI co AtHi ero KOHIHHhl.
BT aKTOROM%: sajit yHHaepCHTeTa, rAt nponHxoHLio 3TO
TopaecTseHHoe 3ac'ltaaHie, Ha BbICOKOM% nIbeiecTa.iT r[ioMtulriaac
AeKOpupOBaHHnfl MHBblMH pSacTeHifMH 61OCT' H[OOTa.
TecTBOBaHie naMJqTH B. A. My KOB K aro HaaTIocb
naHHxnjAOIo, OTC:ymeHHO0O AtACTBHTe.TiLHbIM'b JIeHOM' 06muecTBa,
1ipoToiepeeM- unpoCeccopoM.M A. C. II ape B C KeFM, rnpn emb
nI1tJ' CTyneHqecKiit xopb.
Ilepea,, naHnxniaoio A. C. I]apeacKifl CKa3aij' CJIOBO,
HalleqaTaHHoe HH e.
IIoclr naHMXHAbl H KpaT KolI BCTynUTeaJbHofi pt'H npeact-
jaTeia O0 uecTBa, npo)ecccpa A. H. CH HC Ka r o, Ha Kaeeapy
B3some,'I% jIftCTBH4Te.ibHhlW f neHT% 06ieCTBra, npenoAaBaTen6b IOpb-
easKOi ysRTeJlhCKoo ceMHHapin M. H. C T 0 i p 0 B npouSHec'
ptq : ,,;K yKOBCKi f, KaK% HaCTaBHHKI' HMiepaTopa
Aa[eKca Hapa II." IIocja p'qRn M. H. CTonIpoBa, r-ma
M. H. KIoHAaKOBa HcnorHaana: ,,TtCHofA Iapb", CJOBa IKy-
KoBCKaro, My3. IIy6epTa.
3aTt;M', ajtfiCTBHTe.lbHbIlf jieH 06IIeCTRa, npenoaaBaTeJi
KOpbeBCKoi KaaccHnecKOfI riMHaai4 A. H. Tp o H4 K i u npoH3Hnec%
ptLb : ,,M. A. Motlep% BT% R H3HH H Hn0.93iH iEyKOBCKarO".









4

flocat p'Lhn A. H. T p o KaI o, CTyAeHT' BoposBKOB'
HCnnOHHMJL: ,,CTapiif phinapb", cjnoBa KyKOBCKaro, My3.
ApeHcKaro.
3aTtWM', atelCTBH4TeIbHHblft qieHn 06mUecTBa, JeKTOp)' H
[np4BaT%-JAoieHTa YHHBepCHTeTa 1H. H. JIayTeH 6 a x, upOH3Hec
ptqb: ,,roro.L bn HiyKOBCKifi Btb jaThlIIICK01 nHO:iiH."
Hocj~t pq Hf 4 HayTeH6axa, KBapTeT JiSnooHTelefi
HCIIOJIHInU : ,,MHorkH JbTa", CJioBa MjyKIOBCKaro, My,;. I Kee-
HOBCKaro.
Ha TpmeeCTBeHHOM% sac3'baHiH IIpHCyTCTBOBaRioia MHOrie H3-h
aIAfCTBIHTeJibHbHlX qH[eHOB% 06IuecTBa H MHoroqHCJIeHHaH nyI6JKa.




COSBtT% YeHo-JlHTepaTypHaro O6imecTsa iipn H4MuepaTop-
CKOMb IOpbeBCKOM% pHHbeepCHTeTO CyHTHeeT CBOIHM% ,OJl'OM'b
ny6;:HiHO BLbpa.sHTb CBOO) nCKpeHHioK o 6.3arojapHOCTL BCtM%
anHiaM%, npanHHMaBmiHnn yqacTie B- BsWHnoJHeniH nporpaMhm
qecTBOBaHif J aMITH Be1iHKH4X pyccxKHxx HicaTeJefl.


















roroAb Ha cueHax-b ropoAa Opbeea

JlaINI) HACKOi ry6epHiln.

MM. Fr.
KoMy H3s pyccKMX'L JIIOJiie He 3HaKOMO HMl Forojia, KaK'L
ApaMaTypra! He MHOro ApaMaTHqecKHXA npon3sBeeHill HanHcaHO
raroJreMr' : oHa f1beca, Co6cTBeHHO IoBopl, -- ,,PeBHaop%" -
iporpeMta Ha BCIO Pocciio, HO 1 OAHOIR 9TOfI nfLeeb 6iJio AO-
CTaTOqHO, 'IT06U yBtKOBI'lH4TL HMH I HcaTeJIH, HnMHITL KOTOparo
secTByeTCS HaMH ceroj]iH. -IpoIIJao 50 JITr CO cAHH KOH9HHhl
BejHKaro IOMopHCTa, npomno 66 JITb' co aH~I nepaaro npea-
CTaBJeHiH ,,PeBH3opa", HO to CI X nop' BO BCtX'b KOHi~ax'
Pocci H jame 3a rpaHniHei He oc.ia6,bj HHTepecr K'a aTOMy
BeJIKKOMy npossBeeHiio.
PaMKH Moero ceroaHHLiHaro AOKJiaa He II03BOJIHIOT% MH
Aonro ocTaHaBJIHBaTLCa Ha aHaqeHiH KOMeJ[iH, 0CoTaBHBIICeft Fo-
romJo 1a MS BuaIoIaroca ApaMaTypra; BCee 9e IIOBBOIsso ce6f
XOTb BKpaTuLt KOCHyTbCH ero, OCHOBhlBaacb 1ipenMyMecTBeHHO
Ha MHIHiH caMoro roroJIa, HOHHMaBMIIao, pagyMteTCH, jyqume
BCIX% HaCTORIIiI CMMCJI% CBoero me ,,PeBH3opa".
,,a ptmui~ca co6paTb Bce iypHoe, KaKoe H sHajib,"
in[HineTrb oronJI Ba IIHCbLM K'L KyoKOBCKOMy 29-ro teKa6pa
1847 r., ,,n 3a oAHuM% pa3t0MT Ha[i HHM% nIOCMfIThICI -
BOT'r npomCxomaeeHie ,,PeBH3opa"! BTO 6huno nepBoe Moe


*) 3TOTb aoicnIari 6bIJin npo'IHTaH'L, 6e3i 60JIbImefi tacTH unpH-
MtmaHifi, 7-ro anptina 1902 rofa, Ba 3acrbaHiH Y4.-JIiHT. OGut.
1









6

nponAseAeHie, 8aMumenHHoe cb i tabio npoi8BecTHn Jo6poe
BIiaHie Ha o61iecTBo, WTO BnpoqeMWI He yjajiocb: B'L KOMeAin
CTajIH BHAJTb KeJIaHbe OCM'HTb yaaKOHeHHUlA IIOpaIOK%
Beireit n IpaBHTeJbCTBeHHUHa fopMU, TorAa KaK'b y MeHJ
6UJIO HaMtpeHie OCMiaiTL TOJIbKO caMoynpaBHoe oTCTyniieHhe
HKOTop]ux% JIA47i OT% (4opMeHHarO H ysaKOHeHHaro 110-
piAKa 1).
Yme jo ,,PeBH3opa" n1MtiTCoa B pyccKoIt amHTepaTypt
[paMaTHmecKia npoHnBeAeHia oj6njsITeJlbHaro xapaKTepa; ,PeBn-
8op%" HameJr b Jia ce6a yme 6oate uin MeHte npuroToniueHHyI
l noqBy, HO HH OAHa H38% HpeAumeCTBOBaBmlHXi euy KOMetif, 3a
CKj IOqeHieMb, pa8yMteTca, ,,Popa OT% yMa" rpl6otjosa, He
MOmeT% CpaBHHTLCI C% HHM% HH B% HPKOCTH KpaCoK%, HH BT
THIIIHHOCTH H EH3HeHHOCTH JAttCTBy)IOmHX'% JIHq'h; BIIpoqeM% n
OT% ,,ropH OT% yMa" OTH'HqaeTCH ,,PeBH30p%" OTcyTCTBielu%
BJli:His 1paHny3CKHX' [UbeCb, OTCyTCTBieM% JIo60BHOl 3aBHKsan,
a TaKie 1cKJIIOqHTeJlbHhMM%, BHLIHMMblM npeo6iiaaaHieM% oTpH1ia-
TeJIbHhUXX THIIOB'. B3HmKOe 3HaKOMCTBO CO CIleHOIO, HeAIO;fiHHhl#t
CUeHHqecrKif TaaaHT'h 4, rJIaBHoe, ray6oKoe noHHMaHie 8HaqemHi
KOMeAin Boo6mIe saCTaBHHJIH oromia OTptIluaTbca OT'% npHMNTIXa%
yCJIOBHbIX% TeaTpaJbHbUXa, paBHJn H BbuCTyUHTb HOBaTOpOM%
Ha apaMaTHqecKOM% nonpHn'b. BInmueHupHBeeHHMu OTJIHqHTejIbHh1b
qepTh ,,PeBHaopa" 6mHJa[ HeMajIOBaKiHOIO npHWBHOH0 6e3aqcjeH-
Hhl X HapeiKanii na aTy KOMeAJiK; jame nepsoe rroasBeHie ea
Ha CIieHi MOHIO TOJbKO COCTORTbca 6JiaroAapa 3acTyHnIqecTBy
nmnepaTopa HHKoJaa I: ,EciH 6u He BhUCOKoe 8acTynH4qecTBO
FocyAapa, nieca MOR He 6ubia 6u HH aa WTo Ha cneHt", nn-
niewT, roroib IMenIKHHy 29 -ro anpt~i 1836 roa 2). lepBoe
IpeJlCTaBJleHie ,,PemB0opa" OKOHqaTeJbHO CMyTHJIO H oropqniio
rorojia: ,,PeBHsop' cbrpaH'% -- H y MeHH Ha Aynlli; TarK


1) ColmeniH H. B. roro~ji. Han. 10-e, noAb pea. H. THXO-
HpaBOBa. MocKBa 1889; T. IV, cTp. 280.
2) Coq. H InCbMa H. B. roroJa. Ha3. H. A. Kyjimua. Cn6.
1857; T. V, cTp. 254. Co'. H. B. Prorib. Hajk. 10-e, nojb peA.
H. THxoHpaBOBa. M. 1889; T. II, cTp. 789, 790.




7 .. :. .--*. m





7

CMyTHo, TaK% CTpaHHO" 1). AKTepu He yoBJieTBopJliH asTopa
CBoero Hrporo, a iiy6BHKa 6o0ahmJIo MacTilr cOBepnmeHHo He no-
HaJIa CMbucia Ilbecu HJIH, BtpHte, BCHlKift nOHHIJa Io-CBoeMy.
IIoaaBJaeHHUIf BceB0os8M0HblM ynpeKaMH, o6BHHeHiaMH H ffyp-
HajhH1hMH TOJIKaMH, FoPOJlb TOTqaCt% e IIpHHHJICH 3a 8aMtTKH
B'A 8antuTy ,,PeB13opa"; aTH nepBOHaqaJlbHuJ 83aMtTKH, 9TH
Ha6pocKH IIOCJyarnIH eMy Ba 1842 roay Ais cieHu ,,TeaTpajisiHhr
pa3,asbit3", TtCHyI[ CB83b KOTOpO Ccr ,,PeBH3s0poM%" He OTpH-
uaeT% i THXOHpaBOBa Ba 1846 roAy nHneTrb Foronb cueHy
,,PaBsaBKa PeBH3opa". DTH ABa npoHneBeeHia ,,TeaTpajnbHf
pa'bjl3Aa" H ,,Pa3BSHKa PeBR3opa"- HanJIJCTpHpyTOT%' KaKi HeJIL38
jiyqre raJyioKili CMUJCan InepBof KOMeliH ForoJIH. YCTaMH Ht-
KOTopux' AIctRCTByIO)IInHX JIn aBs aTRxax cqeHaxr AaeT% aB-
TOpr% acHde, 3aMtqaTeJibHie OTBTIT Ha Bet HaBtThl, llepecyAi,
ynpeKH H O6BHHeHif CBOHXI b qA'HHTeJIeff cyAeft.
a orpaHHNych uppBeAeHieM'b HtKOTOphUXrL MtCTrt HU3
9THXr' OTBtTOBb.
3aaB3Ka jiImoBHoa ,;TOHb~fi y3eJJOKr Ha yrOJfKt
ruraTKa. HtTr, KOMeAiH aojI;Hai BsflaTLCJi caMa co6oro,
nceft cBoet MaccomI, B'r oAHHtr 6o0JIbIuo ysern. 3aBa3Ka
ojatmnHa o6HHMaTb BCet JHQa, a He OAHO HJIIH ABa ........
A 3aaaBlaTb Mo(eTr Bee: caMbil ymacr, CTpaxr omAtania,
rposa nAyyi~aro BamaJH 3aKoHa" 2).
S....... Ta KOMeAiH BOBCe He KapTHHa, a cKopte
(ppOHTInIIHCr. BU BHnuTe -- H ciena n MtCTO At]tCTBif
MAeaJ1bHLH a ...... TOJJbKO nepeaa pa3ApamIHTeJbHOCTb unpH-
HflJi 3a JIHHOCTL TO, Bb qeMr' H'hTr H THH0 JIHqHOCTH,
H HTO npHHajJInerNT'L 6oJIte mHJI MeHte JIHMHOCTH BC'XbL
Jrloiet. OTO c60pHoe MtCTO: OTBCIO3Jy, w 3 pa3nhixh yrJoBs'


1) Con. H. B. Foronai. HaI. 10-e, nogi peg. H. THxoHpaBoBa.
M. 1889; T. II, CTp. 285, Bb ,,OTpbIBI b H3I nHHCbMa, rncaHHaro aB-
TopOM' BCKop' nojoni nepBaro npeAcTaBjieHiH ,,PeBHsopa" IC OAHOMy
JIHTepaTopy".
2) Coq. H. B. Forojia. Ha3). 10-e ..... T. II, cTp. 487, 488, Bb
,,TeaTp. paaswabs (2-fi aJo6HT. HCK.)
1*


.1*it









8

PocciH, CTeK eHC cIoJa HcKjiIueHiH HRr npaBaj, 3a6Jy-
;KeHia H 3JioynoTpe6jeHiH, qTO6hl nOCJiyCEHTb O/IHOtl HAet -
npon3seCT Bra spHTeJte apKoe, 6naropoJiHoe oTRpamueHie
OT% MHoraro Koe-qero HH3Karo. BneqaTj$l Hie eiie CHJI btlI
OTTOI'O, TO HHKTO H3L np4BejLeHHblX% ,11IH4% He yTpaTiJn,
CBoero qejnoBe ecKaro o6paaa: qejioBeqecKoe C:.imn16 TCH
Bea3j. OTTOro emue rjiy6me cepaeqHoe coitporaHhe .......
ecjH 6m XOTH OAHO JIHo qecTHoe 6Bljo UOMti]eHO B' KOMeAiOi, H
nfMetllueHO CO BceI yBeelcaTenbHocTrTo, TO yme Bct jA oj0Horo
nepein n 6bI Ha CTOPOHy aToro qecTHaro JIHIa n no3aa6uir 6m
BORce o TtX', KOTOPue TaKb HCnyraJi MXb Terepb" 1).
,,Pa3Bs BCe PTO HaionneHie HISOCTelI, OT'rTycliaeHi
OTr' 8aKOHOB% H cnpaBePJIMBOCTIM, He aae'r, yme acHo 3HaTb,
qero Tpe6yiOT oT OT' Hacb 8aKOHb, AOJIPr H cIpaBeji-
JIBOCTb" 2) ?
,,B e HeiR [T. e. Bb KOMeAiH] ..... cnIJbHtI H riy6~e
Rcero nopaKmeo CMtxoMb jmleMtpie, 6iaaronpHCTObiHal
MacKa, Ino1a0 KOTOpoLo alBJIieTCfl HIH30CTb 4 noAJOCTb .." 3).
,,...... Jame xopouro TO, 'TO He BM'iBeteH% Ha cqeHy
qeCTHbIf HejOOBRtKb. CaMOJIO6HB'rL qeOJOBhK' : BleCTaBH eMy
lipH MHO;XeCTBt JxypHHX% CTOpOHpo OJHy xopouryB)y, OH-b
yme ropaJo BufieTe I 3as TeaTpa" 4).
..... ,a, 6ulJio OJIHO ieCTHOe, 6JlaIop0AHoe JriqO0,
jt'l;icTBOBaBU[ee Bt, Heif BO BCe npoAonLteHie esi. -TO HecT-
Hoe, 6jiaropOAHOe J3IHo 6h1j' -- CM'hxb" 5).
...... HeciipaBeAIniBe Tt, KOTOPle rOBOpIT'I%, HTO
CMtX' He 't JlCTByeTT, Ha TitXr, UIOTn By KOTOphIX,
ycTpeM.ieHL... 6)



1) Coi. H. B. Forojia. Ha. 10-e ..... T. II, cTp. 505,
,TeaTp. p." .(2-f apuTeJIb).
2) TaMr mae, CTp. 488, ,,TeaTp. p." (2-fi Jiro. uIcK.)
3) TaMrb ce, CTp. 490, (OqeHb CxpOMHO OA'bTblfl eJIOB'uBt').
4) TaMu ce, CTp. 492, (OH. cip. oA. veJI.)
5) TaMb me, cTp. 513, (ABTopL niecbi).
6) TaMI mae, CTp. 514, (ABTop' niecbI).




7-~ ;rN~~..


9

,...... CTpeMJleHbe K' upeKpaCHOMy H BUCOKOMy-BOT'b
HciKyccTBo. TO HenpeMIHHUri saKOH' HCKYCcTBa; 6e,3i% TOPO
HCKyccTBO He HCKyCCTBO. A nOTOMy H1 B'L KaKOM'L
cjiyqaa He MomeT% OHO 6OITh 6e3HpaBCTBeHHo ...... EcJi B6I-
CTaBHIIIb BCIO ApHHb KaKafl HH eCTb B% qeJIOBtK', H BhlCTa-
BHIIm ee TaKHM'L o6paoM%, HTO Bcaqift Hi13 apHTeJief nonOJyqnHT
K'b Hel uojIHOe oTBpagleHie, cnpauilHBao : pa3Bst TO He noxBajia
BceMy xopoHIeMy ? cnpamurBa o: paast 9TO He iioxBaia
ao6py ?.... He TO aypHO, qTO HaMb IIOKashlBalOT' B%
AypHOM% JypHOe, 1 BHAIIIb, HTO OHO ,ypHO BO BCtX% OT-
HomIeHiax'b; HO TO AypHO, ec3H HaMrb BRICTaBJI[OT% ero
TaK'b, qTO He 3HaeImh, 3JIoe JI O 0, HJI HT'L; TO JypHo,
KorAa AJ'IJialOT% np1BjieKaTejabHHbM'b RJnl 3pHlTeji 3joe; TO
aypHo, qTO MtlllarOT' ero B'T TaKOR CTelieHIH Cl% io6poML,
HTO He 3HaemUb, Kb KOTOpOfi CTOpOH'b Upi4CTaTb; TO AypHO,
HTO jo6poe nOKa38bBarOT% HaM% TaKrHMr o6paso0M, ITO B'
ao6pt He BHja4mb ao6pa" 1).
...... TOT' rptxt BOATCH sa BCMIMH MOAHUhMH
ApaMaMH, KOTOPbhMH MAU OIIaaHU HOTmtiaTb nyI6ajIy... 2).
,,BCMOTpHTeCe-K a IIpICTaJibHO B'% TOT% ropOA'b, KO-
TOpubi BubBegeHa B'b niect! Bct no eAjHavo corjanCHa,
WTO DTaKOro ropoja HtTb BO BCefi Poccin: He CJIUXaHO,
'1T06h rlat 6ujin y HacB'b HIHOBHIHKH Bet Ao eaiIHaro TaKie
ypOAUL; XOTb aMa, XOTh Tpn 65IBaeTrI qecTHhlX%, a 3 tch
HH OJLHOPO. CIOBOMb% TaKOro ropoAa HtT%. He TaKt JIlH?
Hy, a qTO, ecJIIn TO HamI% ;e IynueBHabUf ropoA,1, 1 CH-
AIT'l OH% y BCHKarO H3Tb HaC ?.... PeBH Op% 9TOT%
Harua HlpocHyBllaacc coBtcTh, KoTopas 3acTaBRHT% Hac'
BApyrL% a pa30Mbo B3rJIJHHyTb BO BCT raasa Ha CaMixMH
ce6a" 3).



1) Co1. H. B. Foronji. IH43. 10-e ...... T. II, cTp. 345, ,,Pas-
BH3Ka PeBnaopa" (HHRonafi HHKOnlaHq').
2) TauM me, CTp. 346. ,Pa3Ba3Ka PeB." (IepBblff KOM. aKTepb.)
3) TaMi ate, CTp. 349, 350. ,Pa3B. PeB." (IIepB. KOM. aLT.)










..0. .. ...
i 10
IL


b,
i.
Y.
iP
P:



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.,I ~...-


I E I?- 17-w yl-_ = ,,


*-B 7, Bn ,-ii.u


,,He OAHyy a KOMeAimO, HO BCe, TO 6l HH noKa88a-
JiOCb H3'L iHOA nepa KaKoro 6u1 TO HH 6uJIO nicaTenm,
CMutronaroca HaA, nopOHhlHML H HH8KHM%, fnpHMeMb inpaMo
Ha CBOI C06CTBeHHehti CqeTb, KaKi 6Mh OHO HMeHHO 6UJIO
Ha Hac' JIHHO HauIHcaHO: BCe OThllemllhI B' ce6%, ecan
ToJbKO onIYcTaUIbca Ba CBOIOD ymy He C% XaecTaKOB an ,
HO C% HaCTOHIUHMb H HenOAKynJIHM' peBH30pOMpo 1).
TaK' BOTb KaKol ray6oKifl, TOHKO-nICHxOJOrHqecKif CMbhCJIT
BJ1aoeH'b CaMMM' roroJeM'b Bb ,PeBHsopa". InpH TaKot rJiy-
6HHI qyBCTBa H MHICJIH MOEHO HIpHMtHiTb KT I'roAJ) CJIOBa,
BomaKeHHLIH HM% Me B'a ycTa AByxb a4CTBYK)IImHX% JIHIu, T. e.
MO~2HO CKaBaTb, ITO FOrOJIL, CMiflBuiilII, HO MHtHiIO MHOI4HXb',
6oJilbme BctXl, qacTo IIpoaHBeajn jiyueBHbl3 rJIfy6Kia cJieaub2),
H qTO cMtxa For6oJI ,,He TOT% 6eanyTHafl, KOTOpblM'b nepe-
CMt-xaeT% B% CTTt qeJIOBteK'b qejioBtKa, KOTOpuIt po;mAaeTca
OT% 6e3atjbHoI nHycTOTbI upa3AHaro BspeMeHe, Ho CMctx%, POjAB-
mitca OTL ano6BH K qeaoBtKy" 3).
HIo6paaaa B ,,PeBH3opt" HeAoTaTKH H nopoK n3BACTcT-
Haro Kaacca pyccKaro o6ineTBRa Bws HBB CTHOe BpeMa, ForoJIb
DTHM% xe camMbiM H3o6pasHJIn HpaBCTBeHH61I 06J1HK% BCtX%,
nroteil BHt BpeMeHH H npocTpaHCTBa. IIpHcymie ProrojiecKHM%
THnaM% nopoKH He qymAu H BaL Hame BpeMa HH CuHaM'L Ty-
MaHHaPO AJIb6ioHa, HH cTpaHt, npoBoarnacHBiteft Bnephaue nipaBa
qeJIOBI$Ka, HH HapoAy nIOBTOB% H MhC01HTejet, HH cTpaHt
AoaJapoBb.
CBOM'b ,,PeBHa0opoM'", CBOuIM ,,MepTBUMH ayyliaMti" H
ApyrHMa nposnBeILeHiaMH roroJb BCTynaeT% B, paH. TIX%' IUH-
caTejaie, KOTOpue He B'1 npe3ptHiH K% 6JIaIHHMb,4 He B'I KH-
BaHin TO Ha OeAoTa, TO na IIeTpa, HO B1b IIO3HaHi caMoPO
ce6a, B i caMoycOBepiueHCTBOBaHii OTJItJIbHOl qeJfoBI';liecKOM



1) TaMas me, CTp. 352. ,Pa3B. PeB." (Iep. KOM. aKT.)
2) Cp. noCojfIHiH CJIOBa ASTopa niecbI Bb .TeaTp. pa3.", coq.
H. B. rorojia. HaA 10-e.... T. II, CTp. 516.
3) ,PaasBH3a PeBHsopa", CJOBa IIep. KOM, aKTepa, coq. H. B.
Forona. H3a. 10-e.... T. II, CTp. 352.









11

JIHqHOCTH BAHJIITT e)HHCTBeHHblfi IIyTb K% 03OAOOBJaeHiK) TOrO
HJI Apyroro o6iuecTBa H K% IIOCTe[leHHOMy, B08MO1EHOMy conep-
ieHCTBy Bcett qejioBtqecKoi ceMb4.




IIepexomy K' cylecTeTBeHtfor qacTH Moero AoKuiaAa, a HMeHHO
KT coo6meHian' o06i HcaHOjHeHi npoa3BseeHifi ForOJiH Ha
)0pbeBCKHX'b CleHaxr.
MaTepiaj~aMH Oaja BTHXI coo600 eHiffI nocIyaHJIH MHt He-
MHoroq0cJieHHUHa ra3eTHEJI aaMaTKH, coxpaHHBumiacaI o6i'bBjreHi
H aHiuiH, paacKaau npemaHHx' HcHOJHHTeJbHHI'b H H cnonHHHTejefl,
a TaKme JIHqHhl BOCnOMHHaHia.
TOJIbKO 35 JIbT% TOMy Ha3aAI B03BpaOI3 eHo 6fao ropoAy
IOpbeBy, 6uBhseMy ,jepiTy, npaBo AonycKaTb y ce6sa Bs 13-
BtcTHoe BpeMS roaa, T. e. BO BpeMH JItTHHX% H 3HMHIHX% Ba-
KaiiA, ry6 ynHqHhl TeaTpaJIbHua pejaTasBeHiSa pitsBamHx aKTe-
po0B 1), a Ba 1870 roiy B03oaBraeTca anJ HtMelKHXb TeaTpanb-
H6X'L uJpeACTaBJIeHif BT caAy PeMecmeHHaro 06m[ecTBa Ha cpen-
CTBa qacTHauX% naH'mi tTHifa TeaTpb, pa3CqnTaHHblt Ha 800


1) ,o 1802 rosa CTpaHCTBYIOIIHa TpynnMb aKTepoB' HMtju npaBO
aBaTb B'b ropoHP npe cTaBJneHi BO BCHKoe BpeMs o rona. ,JIiJ aTOfi
AtJIH npeHnoco6HJnb Aame ropoAcKofo apxHTeITop' Ba~ipia (Baeuerle)
B I OHU 4 XVIII CT0roTia npHHaHeJIe~aBmIee eMy no HbIHIiIHeH Ane-
KcaHApoBe ofi yJIHI 3gaHie [Ha rpyHT5 aa 2 108; B'b ;OMt aTOM1'
- N 33 -, H3MtHHBmIeM' HtCKOJIbKO CBOH BHlmlHift BHI'bi H npH-
HagJIexaIIeMe r-A'Oi KoaoJIBoi, noMh'ul$aeTCH B' HacToaIee6 BpeMs
$a6pHra MHHepaJIbHbIX' BO %L P. A. Pe~linxa H Ko.]; sanaj HMhJIib
napTepl H noHaH H BMtiaji'a, cynIa 1n BHtIIUHHMb pa3MtpaM'b OMa,
He 6oate 200 YeJOBtK'b.
Co BpeMeHH OTKpbITil yHHBepCHTBTa Taxia InpeOATaBJeHieHH 6bIH
3anpeieHbi; Bce s e Ao 1812 roAa HrpaIoT'b H3p~,IIKa Ht'MeUIIie aITepbI
B' BbImeynoOMHHyTOM'b 3laHiH BO BpeMJ yHHBepCHTeTCEHXh IaHHKyJEb.
B'b 1812 rosy npoHcxoaIT'b 6eanopaA~KH Bb TeaTpr, BeCJItCTBie iero
Br TereHie CJrEayIo OIHXb 55 jrLTb Ha ocHOBaHiH Bbicoaitmiaro noBe-
JItHiB He pa3ptman~uH Bb HqepTt ropoga TeaTp. npeAcTaBjieHiR i po-
)OeccioHaJbHbix' apTHCTOBb. ToJIbxo Bb 1867 roAy BHOBb oonIycKaIOTCH
Brb CaMOMb ropoli Ha OCHOBaHiH BbIcoNaitmaro Wce InoBeJIHiS ny-
6jiHHbinI TeaTpaJIbHbaI nlpeaCTaBJIeHi1a aanpaBCIKHcx aKTepOB'b.


I .




-Y





12

'eJIOBtK% apHTeJefl 1). ,o 9Toro BpeMeHH, T. e. c% 1812 no
1867 roja, TeaTp- 6mhu Bi saOaro H My3b Talia n Mejb-
IroMeHa npHHym7KeHL O6wI IOTHTbLC HJIH B6JIH3H 3aropoAHbux'b
KopqeM' HJIH Ba qaCTHbIX% AOMaX% H B'b TtCHhIX o06ileCTBeH-
HhIX' KpymiKax%. ,Tame nIocat 1870 roja HtMeuKaH ny6JnKa
6uha ocyMAeia BecHOIO, OCeHblO H 3HMOKI) InoctiaTm h Ul0TH IC-
KJIOHHTelbHO JHO6HTeaLCKie cneTaICiH. TTO KacaeTea pyccKoft
qaCTH IIy6JIIKH, TO OHa e81e AOJLmie upMHy;KAeHa 6una aoBoJb-
CTBOBaTbCH OAHHMH Io6iHTeJIIbCKHM C[eKTaKlMJIMH, TaK'b KaK%,
HacKoJLIKO MHA HUSBtTHO, nepBaf Tpynna pycceKHx nipoeec-
cioHanJbHhuxa apTHCTOBs noaBHJliacb B% IOpeBst B 1890 roAy 2),
H TOJI KO B'L caMoe HocJitHee BpeM ouaanjiuc BO3MO HHbMH
racTponH lame nepso naccHuxa, pyccCKHIx cIjeHIHecHCKHX% Atia-
Teakef.
IlepBunnl niOHpaMH Ha nonpup t pyCCKHX% JAIO6IHTeJIbCKIHXb
cneKTaKJief 6lJ H pyccKie CTyAeHThl, o0HUepH Tonorpau 3) n
peacTasBHTeJIa MtCTHaro pyccKaro KyiiieqeTBa.


1) IIo noBoBTy OTKpbiTia JIrTHaro TeaTpa (21-ro iroHa 1870 r.)
Bs cany HtMegilaro PeMecneHHaro 06uiecTBa oAHa 43'b rlcbTHbIX'b
raseT' ,Neue Ddrptsche Zeitung" [NL 141, 22 VI 70], oTMNItaeTrb
BbICOROe 3HaMweHie TOrO npoHcmecTBis: ,,Halten wir uns noch so fern
jeder Uebertreibung: wir kinnen nicht umhin, die gestrige Er ff-
nung des Sommertheaters im Garten des Handwerker-Vereins
als ein Ereigniss von folgenreichster Bedeutung fiir unsere Stadt zu
bezeichnen auf dem Gebiete des socialen Lebens zum Mindesten
wiissten wir nights, was, abgesehen von der Grtindung unseres Hand-
werker Vereins, von gleicher Bedeutung hier wihrend des letzten
Jahrzehnts ins Leben getreten wire".
2) STO noATBepacaaeTca TamKe H'hMeI~KOIO MtCTHOIO I'aaeTOIO
,Neue, Drptsche Zeitung", soTopan IIHIIIeT Bb CBoemM OT3blBt
(N 264) o nepBOMB cneiTaKtCA, cocTORBmIeMc 14-ro HoaS6p 1890 roaa,
MexAy npoIHmu cJzr yrioiee: ,,Wohl ist unserer Stadt in den letzten
Jahren huiufiger Gelegenheit geboten worden, Theater V orste 1 -
lungen in russischer Sprache beizuwohnen. Das waren
Vorstellungen zu wohlthlttigem Zwecke von Liebhabern ggeben,
deren Leistungsfihigkeit wiederholt anerkannt worden ist. Gegen-
wirtig nun sehen wir zum ersten Male in unserer Stadt Kiinstler von
Profession, die aus St. Petersburg heriibergekommen sind, uns drei
dramatische Vorstellungen im Saale der Biirgermusse zu geben."
3) OPHInepbI-Tonorpadbl aJrIH Ha nacxaobHOf HeAtJI' 1858 roAa


I. -
2'









13

Yme 3HaMeHHThLIi XHpypPr TIlporonB yIOMHHnaeTL B3
CBOHnx' BOCHOMHHaHifX'- 06' OAHOMi AOMamIHeM' :IIo6HTeJ ICKOM'b
cneKTaKJli BT Hiaajit 30-x% roAOB', a HMeHHO o lpeacTainJetAi
,,HelopocJIa", B% KOTOPOM% OH%' caM cb ycuiexoM% 3so6paasHJwr
MnTpo0aHyiuKy 1).
Bct pyccKie Jno61TejMcKie crieKTaKJIH, a HcKJIIqeHieM-
6e83uIaTHbIX% AOMaIIIHHX% H yqeHHqecKHxIx a TaK;Ke I1JIaTHIX'h
KJIy6Hux% n1peACTaBlJeHifA, jaBajiMch c% 6JIarOTBOpHTeIbHOIO IlAJIblO,
a uLbecbi jIl 3STX'b CileKTaKJ1efl B1iH6pajmcb, HaCKOJIbKO ETO
6blJI0 B03MOHHO, IH3' KJIaCCHqeCKHX% H BOOIlHe H3'% JIyqlIHXb
ApaMaTwiecKrcax nponsBeaeHitf pyccKol JnHTepaTypM, TaK', Haup.,
6UJH1 HrpaHbl HtKOTOpua nH3'% po H3BeeHiAl Forojea, OcTpoB-
CKaro, KOMeAi~ ,rope OT' yMa" rFpn6o0tOBa, ,,CBab6a Kpe-
qiHCKaro" CyxoB -Ko6u-I jHa, ,,MacKapaa"1' JIepMOHTOBa H ap.
ITO KacaeTea o6CTaHOBKI l nbec%, TO, pa3ymteTCe, Hej1b3a
6gJno upeartB:Jr1Tb Krb Hef 60J.ll'bHX'L Tpe60BaHift, a npixoan-
JIOCb CqHTaTbCRI CTb TtML, 'TO HMIJIOCL H HTO B03MOmHHO 6bJIO
CAItiaT UpH TtXr CKyaH6X'b CpeacTBax', KOTOPbMH pacuo.a-
raJim pyccKie aIo6HTeIH ; BspoqeM% H HMUMeUKil nHOCTOHHhUf
ajtTHif TeaTp% He MOPr% He MOKeT'b [0OXBaCTaTbCi B'% 60.b6-
UIMHCTBM cJiyqaeB% iioAxoA0aIIuel KL Tpe6OBaniaM% aBTopOB%
UlbeC 06CTaHOBKOIO.
113T apaMaTHqecKIHx uIpoOM3BeJeHiIf H. B. Forojia Gu JI
AaBaeMi Pe BHopb,", ,,IeHHT,6a" H ,, Tam6a";
KpoMt Toro 6hJimn upeACTaBjemH ,3anucKtH cyMacujeA-
miar o" B3I coKpalleHnin AHApeera-BypaaKa; ii.s ,,MepTB h Xu
Ay mI1" uJJH qUHTaHbl OTLrtJIbHhle OTpUBKH PyCCKHMH
HCIIOJIHHTeJIHMH 6blJIH 60oamIe0 qaCTTL[) JIIo6HTeJIH; TOJIbKO OjAHH%
pasb 6WJ' curpanH ,.Penn3op'b" 0 ipitl3;Ueio TpynIIOIO HeTep-


Bsb AOM' N2 6/3, HaxoAIUIeJMCH Ha. yrjiy PhlIapcofi H BoqiapHOfi
yJIHI'b B' KBapTIpt P r. MeaBUs ena 4 cneKTaIcJmlI. BbIJII 11HJ MewIty
CbIrpaHHhbMH ILbeCaMiH npoH3BBeeHifa rorojin i'b comaJIC ilo, He H13-
B'CTHO. [06uIAaH 3aMtTKa o6 a3THXX% cneKTamKJJx HMUeTCeI B'b
.Inland" sa 1858 r., BI MN 14, CT. 229].
1) CM. ,Pyc. CTap." 1885 r., T. XLV, cTp. 506.





.-









I.
14

6yprcKHxb apTHCTOB3% H OAHHi pa3B 6uaJ uHo6pameHUh ,3a-
IIHCKH cyMaculeAU aro" upopecCiOHajibHblMb aKTepOM%. ,Bsa
HtMeKIHX'b npelCTaBJIeHi ,,PeBnHopa" 6u~aH aHh1 HCKJIIOqH-
TeJInHo apTHCTaMH. TpH upeAcTaBrJeHii ,,KeHHTlb6J" Ha
acTOHCKOM' HSUKLK' AaJIa Tpynna j1peKTopa BHpu, COCTOHmaa
nipeHymecyTBeHHO H8% JIIO6HTeJei8.


Cy a no raaeTHblM% ,aHHhlMl 1), pyccKie CTy eHTbl Chl-
rpajin Bbh HaqaJIt 1859 roaa ,, HteH HT6 y" n ,,PeBuaopa"
B% BepxHeM% sant o6igecTBa Ressource" 2) Ba noj b3y
MIXTHaro upilOTa JVIn pyccKHX'% ABOeK'b. AnHIIMn THXr%
cueKTaKJefi He coxpaHHMnjmC; B' 3THX%'b IpeACTaBJIeHnix' npH-
HHIMaJI yqacTie B'L KaqeCTB' pemaccepa 14 InIIOJIHHTeJH H3-
BtCTHUI1 pyccKiA l HCaTeJH II. I,. B06opuKHHi, 6Bl131ifi Ba TO
apeMa CTyIeHTOM% yHHBepcCHeTa 3).

1) Bb ,,Inland" 1859 r., M 10, 9 III, CT. 199, nocat, coo6-
ieHia o 6jiaroTBopuTeJbHOMb KOHIiepT't BI aKTOBOM'b 3aaJI yHHBep-
CHTeTa BI' noJIbsy OCHOBaHiS nIpiIOTa ApJI pyCCKHXb AtBOIeKl npH-
6aBjieHO cjitgyioiee: ,,Euterpe und Melpomene aber durften nicht
allein die Schutzgeister unserer Russ. Armen werden; auch Thalia
sollte den Bund der Charitinnen schmiicken, und durch zwei Vor-
stellungen in dem gefilligst bewilligten, zum Theaterlocale eingerich-
teten, oberen Saale der Ressource bewiesen unsere Studierenden Russ.
Nation, dass auch sie den Kunstgenuss mit dem Sinn filr Wohl-
thitigkeit zu vermihlen wissen. Aufgefiihrt wurden die ,,Hochzeit"
von Gogol und der ,,Revisor" von Gogol".
Bb ,,OcT3eftcIOMb B THHKCt" 1859 r., M 30, 14 III, iHMteTca
06% STOMa Tome 3aMTTKIa: ,CBepx' Toro [T. e. KOHepTa] B'b aant
eplPTCKOfi peccypcli 6bIJI AaHO TaMOIIIHHMH pyCCKHMH CTy.,eHTaMH
1kBa TeaTpaJlbHbIX' npeacTaBJIeHia Bb nOJIb3y TOPO ZE 3aBeaeHija, a
HMeHHO ,,CBab6a" [sic!] ForoJIa ,,PeBHo30p" Toro ame caMaro
aBTopa".
2) HtfMeuKoe o6mecTBO ,Ressource" [noMomb, noco6ie, upH-
6t'mine], saMtHHBmIee 18 oKTa pa 1835 ron a o6MLecTBO alte Musse"
IHn ,,grosse Musse" [,Musse" aHatIHT- ,,Aocyrb", a aatcb -,,KJiy6'"]
H catjiaaBieeca BJiaAtJIbeM% IOMa 3TOlf Myccbi [BoJnbuiofi IbIHOK1,
SM 13], ycTpOHJIO BW IInrTHeeCSITbIlX roAax'b BH B epxHeMb aajit He-
6ojibImyo CeHy, Ha KOTopoI IInosBH3aajnC BW TeqeHie 18-20 JtT .
HtMeljKie H pyccKie JIO6HTeJiH apaMaTHlecKaro HcKyccTBa. 8aJIo cb
6aJIKOHHHnOM'l BM'liIajio He 6ojie 200 HeaoOBKw%.
3) STO Ino0TBepcICaeTCH He TOJIbKO paasKaaaMH COBpeMeHHHKOBb,









15

3a nepioab BpeMenHH c% 1859 no 1872 'A'b% HAT% HIH-
KaKHX%' TOqHhlX% H3BtCTii 0 A'HTTenbHOCTH pyccCKHX% JIIoGHTeJnet
ciJeHHqecKaro HCKyccTBa. -- 2- a HeBjaqHHa, oaMa HeOJIHo-
KpaTHO InpHHMaBinaL yqacTie Ba pyccKHX'% IIo6HTeJILCKIHX%
cneKTaKJIHax', coo6IuiHa MHt, qTO OHa IIOMHHT% O AH 0 pe- J-
cra nJeHie ,,Pe B Hopa", B% KOTOpoM% cTyaeHT% CTenaH%
BoJIKOBs Hnpajrb XaecTaKosa. CyAw no ,Album Academicum"1),
OTO npeacTaBjenie He MoPJIo 6 I Tb p H b~Le 6 a ia ia
60 x r o o B L%. B% aTOM'% ;e npeacTaBJsenin HCuoJIHHJI% p0JIb
Mapia AHTOHOBHhU PHMHa8HCT% OAJHOrO M' 3 BhiCHIHX'b KJIacCOB%
MtCTHO riiMHaBi 2).
Bjiaroapa coxpaHMBIMcaH apnHruaM BHAHO, qTO 10-ro
anptaa 1873 roua 6fa curpana ,, I eH H T 6 a" Forojia, a
2-ro Aeiea6pa Toro Ke roa ,, P e B 18 0o p L". 06a npeACTas JeHi
COCTOHJIHCb Bh% BepxHeM% saji o6igecTBa ,, Ressource" 3).


HO H C. A. BeHrepoBblMb Bn ero KpHTHxo BiorpainecIcoMb Caonapt
pyccxHx% nucaTeiefi H ypeHbixa. F. BeHrepoBn rOBopHTs B'b T. IV,
CTp. 196, 'TO BO BpeMS CTyAeHie0TBa II. A. Bo6opbicHHa nB lOpben-
CKOM'b (Torga AeepnTcxOM') yHHBepcHITeTt acHO olnpetJIHJIHCHC ero
JaiTepaTypHbTa CTpeMJeis H ITO OH' nolEtOJIaJL HcnIhITaTb ce06 Ha
alHTepaTypHOM' nonpHMnt. .,Bjinmca~fmifu noBO'b aaJIu ToBapHuliecKia
c6opHnia 1858-59 rr., Ha KOTopbIXT CTaBHJIHCb, ca 6GSarOTBOpHTeJIb-
HO)O I tIbIO, I~gJIHKOM'b H Bb OTpbIBIEax' nbecbi roroja, OcTpOBcKaro,
,,Fope OT' yMa". H. ,,. 6bIna peaHCcepoM' Hi OjHHM'b H3b aKTepOBn.
IoA'b BJIi HieM'b 3THxb noCTORHHbIXb TeaTpaJibHbIX B neIaeTJItHili OHL
Bb 1858 r. HanHcara cnoio nepByio ibecy ,,IUHJia BH MtsiRl' HO
yTanHIb (B' nepepa6oTxt ., paaepub". He HaneInTaHO)".
1) IoloI XM 7367 3HaqIITC BA Alb. Acad. CTenaH'b BojIIOB'b, H3B
MocKBbI, pofl. 29 HHB. 1848 r., H3yqaiab RaM. H. ci 1861-1865 r.,
KOHqHJIn KaHA. Br 1866 r., 6bIJb IHHHOBHHROM' BW BHJIbH', a NOTOMI
MHp. cyg. Bb IlopXOBCIOMr' y. IICKOB. ry6. t 29 aHB. 1877 r.
2) FHMHa3HCT'b, Has3 pycciot aBOpaHC{KOf CeMbH, HrpaJrI, cb oco-
6aro paaptimeHni rHMHa3Hqecnaro HaiaJIbcTBa, ycTynlBmaro npocb-
6aM'b HIEoOTOpbIX' 3HaRIxMbixL CTyAeHTOBr. BbI6op rHMHa3HCTa ,jJIH
pona Mapin AHTOHOBHII yxa3biBaeT' TaIKce Ha InoxBaJIbHoe TpeMjIenie H
pyccaro cyAeHnecTBa BO3MOaHO JiyquIe aaMtHHTb HacTOnIInHX'b HCIIOJI-
HHTeJIbHHIl'b IgaMCIcHX' ponief, OTCyTCTBie lOTOpblxa [T. e. HClOJIHH-
TeJIbHHIJ'b aCeHC poJI.] 6bIJO OIIHHM'b H3'b HeAOCTaTKOB' pyCCIHnxr
Jiio6TeJnbCHxux' cneKTaicJIef TorO BpeMeHH.
3) 0 npeacTanBIeHin ,,eKeHHTb6bi" 10-ro anpMtji od HBJieHi BWb
raseTt HT'b; o npegcTanneHiH 2-ro Aexa6pa o6'bnnBeHie Bb raaeTt
XOTr H HMeTCOR, HO nbeca B'b HeM' He o6o3HaneHa. '




S ' "' ~r r " P ' -*r '. "' ",i' "" .'ii




16

,, e H Tb 6 HrpaJI HICKJIHIOTeJIbHO JHra, unpHHagLJle;KaBULJa
KI{ KynieecKOMy COCIaBiO, upmn 1 IeM maeHCKia poJia TO;e HClOJI-
HrIJIH4C MymqHHaMH. (DaMHmJH I oI 0TH BCtX' r jio, JIOTel8eil
OTiieqaTaHl Ha a4jHll) 1). Eme 10 JIntT nocJIt TOro npei-
cTaBJneHi MHut LnepeAaBana, HTO oco6eRno yAaiHo 6J'b Mso6pa-
aeH% Pr-ML IIonOBulM' THII CBaxl4.
,B P e B opt yqacTBOBaHm, KpoMt CTyJeHTOB%, yqtI-
TejiI H KywHu o; 06t mJIaBHhIH meHcKia poan 6hu J CnOJHeHbl B I e p -
B ue aMaMaw MWCTHarO pyccKaro o6uecTBa 2). H0 CBIIATeTJiL-
CTBy BHA'LsBRHX aOTOT% CneKTaIKJIb rLeca 6Blia CerpaHa 3aMt-
qaTejLHO xopoUmo. MHOI'oHCJIeHHaI, H36paHHnai y6IKIIa OCTa-
Jacb OMeHe AOBOJbHa; HpAcyTCTBOBajlb Ha npeacTaBleHiH
ToraamHift noIneqTelb yIe6Haao oKpyra, a TaKHe MHorIie H3E
HtMelIKHX' n poeeccopOBs nHOCtTHJIH pyccKill CIIeKITaKJIL.
CeMb J]tT cuycT, 18-ro 4eBpaia 1880 roaa ,,B
sajnt rIHMHacTHRaecKaro saBeaeHi [in der Turnhalle]" 3) 6b6ua
itaH ,, PeB 3 0 op Crb 6JIarOTBOpMTeJlbHOb ItJIblO BOCfIHTaHHM-
KaMH I yqHTeJCCKOIf CeMHHapiHn noA% ynpaBjeHieM% npenoiaBaTejia
pyccKaro H3UKa r. rPyfcKaro. Abmuja He coxpaHHJacb. Bct
HCUOJIHHTeJIH 6bJIH IHHOPO0AU], H HytHO 6J61J TOJILKO YALtIHBJTbCH,


1) Araib THXOHOBHa M. 11. MaeBcKift; ApHHa IIaHTeajefi-
MOHOBHa A. H. CeJiorHH'b; OeKJia HBaHOBHa 1. A. IIonoBb;
IofKOJIecCHHs A. B. KRIeMeHTbseBl; KoMapeBs K. A. iapaoBa;
lIHIHHIa 1I. H. Be3HOCOBb; AHyYIIHH'B ( 0. JIeHOHKOBb; Ite-
BaKRHHi M. 1. BeapoAHblf; AyHasnma M. K. HopmHHi: CTapH-
Kon) H. H. Ia.eTroBw; CTenaHb He H3BtCTHO ITO.
2) AHHa AHApeeBHa r-ma HeBnaAHHa; Mapba AHTOHOBHa -
r-ca TalaJoBa; ropOAHHHaro Hrpaja CTya. ManIOBneB'; OH3I 3Ie Cbl-
rpajn cj.ecapmy; XJaecTaKOBa CTya. X3afH3Hpafxa ; OcMIa r.
MaXOTHHb; InoHTMeficTepa r. 3KyIKOB; Cyablo CTya. HoJIbA ;
3eMJIaHHKy CTyA. BopTmenBHI; Bo6MnHCKaro r. Ilononm ; Ao6-
'HHcKaro r. KaneTOBs ; rH6Hepa r. MasHHrb; KTO Hrpanrb
XJonoBa R He Morb y3HaTb.
3) 3aauie TorIalamHAro ,rHMHacTMqecEaro 3aBeAeHisi", nHa3bBaB-
meecs no-H'iMelf.H npocTo ,,Turnhalle", Bn 1890 roly nepecTpoeHo
i noM IIOMteHiaH B'b HeOM rPopoIacoro IIojIHeilcfaro YnpaBJeiia (Ha
KoMnaHeflcKofi yaHIt). Jo nepecTpofliH 3)IaHie COCTOHJIO H3b5 PHM-
HacTHmecKaro 3aaJa, nIepeIHeiH H He6oajbmoro iaJKoHa Ha OAlHOt CTO-
poH' 3aaia; BbllmIHa 3aaa OKOJIo 2'/, cauc.; aajr cb 6aJaiCOHOM%










17

C, KaKOIO T0qHOCTLIO 6FhJI% 3ayqeH' TeKCTb KOMeiUH H CL Ka-
KHM'b BHIMaIiieM'T OTHeCJIiHCL HCOJIHHTeOII K%1 pemHccepeuCKMb
yKra3aHiMM% cBoero npeAnoraBaTena.
TMH me cnuOJIHHTeJIasMn 6uja 60#tKO curpaHa 28-ro
4)eBpaaa Toro ae roAa ,, He HT h T i a" P 0oPoaI B'ah .an Pe-
MecaeHHaro 06mecTBa 1).
B% 1882 roay 5-ro cenpaia 6un AjaH cTyAeJTaMeMH
yIHBepCHTeTa H BeTepHHapHaro HHCTI4TyTa B, 3aatA o0ileCTBa
,,Bfrgermusse" 2) BTopoIt cneKTaKJIb B'h flJnILy HeAOCTaTOSHLh'X
CTYAeHTOB'b nlo0b yupaaBeHieMM npoX. II. A. BHCKOBaTOBa H
cTaparo TeaTpana fl. A. fionosa, oKaaaBIHIlX'b CBOHM-L Cojt'i-
CTBieMM 60JiLimyo oIJbL.y pyccKHiM' JitO6TejiLCKHM% cneCKTaKJIHM%.


BM'iaaJ' BO BpeMSI TeaTpaJIbHblIX npeacTaBJIeHifI He 6Oojie 350 ireAo-
B'inxb. He6CioJinoe CBno060Hoe npocTpaHCTBO sa 8~aHHMH RyjcHOaMH
3aMtSHSJIO r-4aaM HIcOJIHHTeJIHM,' y6opHbig. YqacTie gaMi Bs fpeg-
cTaBJieHiax%', HOTopbh iAaBaJILCb BS ,,Turnhalle", 6biao ymce BCJltAcTBie
OTCyTCTBiHS y6OpHbIX' HeMbICJIHMO.
1) HtMeIuaoe PeMecneHHoe 06n~ecTBo, ocHOBaHHOO Bb 1861 roAy,
HaxOAHTCS ci 1868 rosa Ha IIpynoBoft yJIHnts Bb Co6CTBeHHOMb no-
MtuLeHiH. 3aJIb o6n~ecTBa CT) OKHaMH Ha yjiHay H B'b caa', He oco-
60HHO 60JIbmIolI, He BHICOKI H BMtIImaeT' npH TeaTpaJIbHbuxb npeAcTa-
BJIeHiHX'b He 6ojite 150 qeJioBtl'b.
2) 06fmecTBo ,,Biirgermusse" (M'bilaHCKaa Mycca, MfnlaHcKifi
iny6'b) 6bIno OCHOBaHO Bl 1791 rogy H ao 1814 HaHHMajio ce610 rIOMb-
IIeHhH. B'b KOHgII 1814 roJla OHO iyn~Hjo KaMeHHbif H7OMi, rpHHaA-
jemaCasiif 6apoHy q. Bonb)()y, no HbIH'BIHeIH HoHO-PbIHOMHofl yJIHIAt
[aTa yJIHUa Ha3bHBaJIac Ao 1814 roga ,,PyccKifl PbIHoKb"-,,Russischer
Markt"]. Bb 1880 roay cTapoe alaHie InoBeprjiocb ~ annTaJIbHOfi ne-
pecTpofikt, npuH qeMb 3ai, 6buaib pacumpeHb H BM'tI laji yxe BM'CTt
ci 6aJnKOHOMb 400 qejioBi'bi. HacKOJIbRo SI HnMHIO, pyccKie CTyAeHTbI
nepBbIe HMaaJnH aaBaTb ny6nJHHHbla npercTaBJieHiH Bi 1882 r. Ba saajr
ofit. ,,Biirgermusse". ,qo, HHX'b bJIH npeacTaBJIeHiH TOJIbKO JIIfI Hf IHOB'b
H AJIS BBoAHIMblXb HIMH rocTefl. HtMellKie CTYAeHTbI HrpanI HnIH Bb
,,Ressource" Hn2H 5e rIaBHbIMa o6pao0M'b Bb ,,Academische Musse"
(AKaeIeMHsecKifil JIy6,'). fIocTaHOBia cneKTaIcieii Bi 1882 r. B'
,,Bilrgermusse" IpHTIHHsa Ia pyccKHM' CTyAeHTM'b MHOSeCTBO XJIOIIOTi:
caMO o6],ecTBO )IaBaJIo TOJIbKO BO3BbImleHie [IKOJIO 20 [ Icaa.],
KynIHCbI ce, 3aHaBtc'b, Me6eJIb H IaMInbI 4l2Ji CIreHbI (ra3' 6biJIb
npoBeIeHHb Ha cIeHy TOJIbKO B'i 1891 roAy) HySHo 6blJIO 6paTb Ha
npoKaT'b IJIH npOCHTb y 3HaKOMbIX'b ; KO BCeMy 3TOMy HpHCOeAHHSIJIOCb
e010e 01HO saTpyAHeHie, a HMOHHO OTICaSb aMi' M'CTHarO pyccCaro
OGI06eTBa yiacTBOBaTb B'b iepBbIx cneITaxJsIaxi', gaHHblX' B'b ,BTUr-




Y i[f:,drpI*"' r


18

Ha cneKTaKJIt 5-ro (eBpana 6 mna Meemy np0HM'b npetcTaBJeHa
B'b nepBbIH pasa% caena roroua ,,T a m6a" [HIpojieTosa Hrpaaz
CTyA. 3MnrpoacKit.; BypAtoKoBa CTyA. POMaHOBio; JlaKea -
CTyA.-BeT. yqanHHOBsb].
10-ro Hoa6pa 1882 r. 6uni aaHk TtM'L Me KpyMKOM'h
CTyJeHTOBS noAb yupaBJ eHieMb TtX% ame JIHI%' BT 3a1it 06-
iuecTBa ,,Bfirgermusse" ,, P e B 4380op ". BT aTOM CcneKTaKjAt
aa oTCyTCTBieM% jtaM% LinpHIJIOCb BhlnyCTHTL cIeHIh C% yHTep%-
o4HuepcKofl mEeHO n co cecapmef 1). MtcTnHa H 'MeqiKa
raseTa Haasana aTO upeAcTaBIeHie B% o6ileMb BecbMa ylaMHUIM% 2).

germusse": Torfa CIHTaJIH eIIke HIenpHJIHIHbIMb fJIH AaMbI BblCTyHaTb
Ha nojMOCTKaxb MtIgaHCKaro HnJy6a. [Ho npomrecTBai KaxKHXb-
HHf6yb 10-15 JItT7, T. e, nocjit npeKpalqeHis caaqH BT, HaeM'
yHHBepCHTeTCKaro aKToBaro aaJa, a TaKice Iocjit saKpbITia ,,Acade-
mische Musse" sajr o6 q. ,,Biirgermusse" ltjiaeTca H3JIo6jenIHbIM
MhCTOM'b He TOJIbKO AJISI HtMOe IHXb CTygeHqeeHXH' CneKITaMJefl,
HO H AJInI KOHUIoeTOBL, 6aJIOBi H npencTaBJeHifl BCtX'b JIOeBI
MtCTHaro HtMei laro o6IIeCTBa! ] Bo H36atxaCHie KappUmaTTHOCTH
npH 3aMfH'i HgaMbI My~ICHHOIO pyCCKOMy CTYAeH'IeTBy npHmJIOCb
unpHrjamaTb HS3 IIeTep6ypra H'tCKOJIbKHX'b 3HaKOMbIXrb cJlymaTenb-
HHII'b BbICmIHX'b 3eHCRHX' KypcoBb AjiZ ypacTiM Bb nepBHBXl' cIneK-
TaIinAxrb. Uepearb nonroja HOHIBJISIIOTCH EeHaTbIe CTyfleHTbI. xa H
AaMbI MtCTHaro pycicaro 06RecTBa corJamaioTC Hrp HrpaTbH i 'B ,Bir-
germusse", TaKlb WTO, Hanp., BT nepBOMrb npeACTaBJieHiH KOMeAi0
,,Pope OTn yMa" B'b Aeca6pt 1883 roAa yMacTByioTb 11 AaMb.
Br 1883 roay yHHBepCHTeTCKiii npenoAaBaTeJIb TaHIeBb, r. 36ep-
xapHT', 6bIBmiti apaMaTHHecKift apTHCTa IOjiyc'b, HaroTOBHJI'b lJIa no-
xapHaro o6necTBa 6 nepeMtHrb aeKopagfii, npHcnoco6oeHHbIx'b
KE% aaAy o6ni. ,,Biirgermusse" H cjaBaBnIIIHXc Brh HaeM' BMI'CTTf C
sanJoMb. BT 1891 roay, no noBogy CTOJItTia CO AHS OCHOBaHiS 06-
IIecTBa, 6bija npHcTpoeHa cIeHa, BOJItaCTBie qero 3aJI [oi. 68 iJ
cac. upH BblIIHHI Bb 23'/, yT.] ci 6aaIKOHOM% CTaJIrh BMHII;iTb yfce
600 qejIOBtKb apHTeJIef. jIJI HOBOft CIeHbI 6ibIIH HaIIHcaHbI 5 HOBIX%
AeKopagift H HOBbIf aaHaBtcB I aeopaTopoM' r. PoseH6eproMu. IIjaTa
3a HaeM'b 3aaa noi% pyccKie cneKTaKJIH 603% TaHIIeB'b noBhICJIacb
yaCe BL KOHU, 80-x'b rogOBi HO 75 py61nefl. TOJbKIo Cb OTH)bIThieM'b
KOHLepTHo-TeaTp, aaja ,,HoBbft TeaTp'b" HaeMHaR nrJIaTa 6bija noaHHceHa.
1) rJIaBHbIa poJIH 6biJI pacnpeagtJeHbI CJIBAYflyIOIIM'b o6p)a3OMb:
raponoAHHif cTy). HapHogKifi; Xono.IOB CTY,. Xannepri; Tan-
KHHrb JIHnIIHHi CTyB. eT. PyJHeOB%; 3e6MJIHHKa CTyA. BeT.
Eapcb; IIIneKHH'b CTyA. JIHXTapMaHn; XJecTacOBs CTyJ. 3MH-
rpoacinlf; OcHnI CTya.-BeT. HyJIHHOBL; AHHa AHAfpeeBHa -- r-ca
JIIxTapMaHb; Mapbs AHTOHOBHa r-ca 'rypbHHm.
2) 3Ta 3aMtTma HMteTCI B'b peueH3iH, KacaioiMefiHca npeOCTa-








19

'epes3 roxi, 22-ro Boa6pa 1883 rosa Ha cneH 0o6-
IeCTBa ,Biirgermusse" 6hJaa IocTaBJIeHa CTyneHTaMi npi yqa-
CTin aaMb MtcTHaro pyccKaro oU6ecTBa ,, e H H T b6a" 1).
H14a riaBH]ux' poaeft inyme Bctx'h 6u:m r-ma HeBAaqHHa -
OeKia E CTyA. 'IepHoIJKit rIoKOjieciHH%, a HS BTopocTe-
neHH Ix'h Ja 'L CTyA. U1,~He-AHyqKHH'b.
14-ro Aejea6pa Toro me rosa, Bs aeHb nepBaro npe,1-
cTaBJenia acel KoMejlii .rope OTL yMa" Bb saJMi ,Bilrger-
musse" 6uh:ia noBTopena cueHa ,,Taz 6 a" c npouniorojiHuM
HcHOj1HHTe.IfHMH.
B 1886 roAy 6ujn> ocHOBaH' B r. IOpbeBt yqnCTeJ I1M
PyccKift CeMeItRaIl YquTeJhcKiti KpymoK'b ,,PoaIHHK'", npeo6pa-
.soBaHHhfit Ho npoinecTBin 10 JI;T% B a cyluecTByiouiee HOHblH'
KOpbeBCKoe CeMeftHoe 06mecTBeHHoe Co6paHie ,,PoaHHKm ". BOTI
Bt 8TOMh' KpyKEKt ,,POAIHHK'", HMIBIIIeMb B' CBOeM% HOHOM'b
noMtmeHiH no PhlHOHOfi yjuiw' (Ba ioM'B MaTHceHa Ha yrjiy
loAe~tHoft yJr.) He60oJimyo cleHy, cocToRancIb 6-ro H 7-ro
HOHS6pa 1887 roja 2 nepBaux'L ceKTaKJia, nocTaBJieHHblxX
inena aMHI roCTHMH Ha3BaHHarO KpyKKa. HLecoo i0 siH rTHXr
cneKTaKieif 6 ia Bul6paHa ,, e H H T 6 a roroJa 2). PaayqeHa
6unja nbeca oqeHb CTapaTejsIHO; oco6eHHo THUltqHhlMH BUIIIIIM :
H% 3;KeHCKHI4X poJPeI cBaxa, a 143s MyMCKHX'b JIHqiHHaI, IIoA-
KOJIeCHHL H 1KeBaKlHrb.
Ha AoMaiiiHet I cIeHt y npoc. BicKOBaToBa 6rn H mcrion-
HeH I BL 1889 roay: 1) 8-ro I 28-ro MapTa cneHa roroJI
,, Ta~ 6 a" npH qeMru ponj IpojeTosa Hrpajur upeauHift ncnon-


BJeHisa fpaMbI JIepMOHTOBa ,,MacKapart"; ,,Neue Dbrptsche Ztg."
1882 r. N 276.
1) Aragbsi THXOHOBHa r-aca CIHpo; ApHHa IIaHTeJIeftMOHOBa
- r-ca CBeH3HH1CasI; OBeI a -- r-ca HeBAaIHHa; AyHIma r-wa
MaxoTHEHa; oIIoflKOJecIHH' cTyY. 4apHorUKift; KoKiapeBa cTyA.
(DeiTI; IKeBaKsanH r. CBeH3HHCKifr; flsHHHqa CTy. BeT. .Hu-
COBHsE'b; CTapHKOB'b CTyA.-Bep. MasHHr' ; AHy'MrIKHH CTyA. IIUHJe.
2) Araibi THXOHOBHa r-ma M. 3opreHp3af; ApHHa r-wa
H. 3opreH(pps8; eiia r-ma IIaBJOBa; IIoxIKojiecHHb CTyA.
tapHouKiiH; KovKape'b r. 3MHrpoacKift; StIHHHHa r-H'b T.; AKe-






.









20
*-- -.- ---- *

SHHTeJL, a Bypa.IKOBa r. AjeKCteeb; 2) 10-ro mapTa
HcnoJJHHJbn I. 3MHrpolCKift ABa MOHOJiora H3%' ,, 3an H co K'
cyMacUmejliiuaro" [,,HoH6pa 6-ro" H nocJIHift]; 3) 10-ro
;e MapTa 6una curpaHa cieHa MemAjy XaecTaKOBUMI
n F 6 Hepo M [XJIecTaKOB% r. AjeKcteBs; rn6HepI -
r. 3MHrpoAcKift], a TaKIe cIeHa MeKtiy XjecTaKoBh Mu
H c j e cap n e io [XecTaKoBs -- r. AieKetceB, caecapuma -
r. 3mHrpocACKil]; 4) 20-ro MapTa HCInoJIHJLi r. AneKc'ten',
MOHOJIOP% KIHHFb MoKieBH9a H3'h ,,Mepl)T1BU
yynI1% ".
22-ro aupIta 1890 rosa BR gaJIt o06umecTBa ,,Birger-
musse" OblJ6 BHOBh irocTaBjieH% ,, P e B H3 o p 1). MtCTHaa
neqaTb ocTanacb, AOBOabHa HcnoJHeHieMb KoMejAi. .,PHnCKifl
BtCTHHKI'", OTMI'qaa BIIOJIHt cnpaBeAUHBo 1) OTcyTCTBie Melmay
JIIO6nTeJIHMH 6oJIbuIoro qHCJIa OnlbTHblX'% H y;JOBJIeTBOpnTeabHbhX'
HcHoInHHTeJIeti, KaKoe Tpe6yeTcH AJIR BnIOJIH' ycnrilIOfli nocTa-
HOBKH ,,Pea30opa", H 2) TO 06cTOaTeJIeCTBO, HTO Ba pacnopl-
MeHiH .o6iHTeJIeft 6uio OqeH MaJIo BpeMeHHH junl IIOJiPOTOBKH,
BCe-TaKH npHxoAHT% KI 3aKR.oEeHilO, qTO ,,nbeca, 3a HfTKOTOPbUM
HCKJIIOqeHiAIMHI npouIa JAOROJlbHO rjiaAKO" 2). HtMeIUKaH MtCTHaI
raseTa ,,Neue Dorptsche Zeitung" uIoMUCTmia To;He oqeHl. coqyB-
CTBeHHhblf OT36UB, B'a KOTOpOM' o oco6eHHO XBajIHT' Hfpy r. [laB-
nOBa (XjecTaKoB,) H r. CTapOBspKHHa (IopoaHHiift 3).


BaxIcHr r. IIaBJIOBr; AHyIKCHH r. TpyTHeB' (nceBm.); CTapH-
OBib r. IypKHH' (nceBA.); CTenaHI, r. HBaHOB'h.
1) rFaBHblq pOJIH 6JIH pacrpef~iJeHbI cJI'tyIoIoHM'b o6pasoM'b:
PopoAHruiif CTyJ]. CTapoB~pKrHH; AHHa AHapeeBHa r-Jaa
IIMHATb; Mapbs AHTOHOBHa r-aa M. A. 3opreH(pfIt; XJIonoBi -
r. TpyTHeBs (ncesB.) ; TanhKHH' JIsnEHHn r. JIaHHb ; 3e.~jaHHmIa
- CTyA,. FHHa6yprb; IIIneIKHH r. ],eBHJIb; ,o6HHCHKil r.
KaJIeTOBib; Bo6HnHCKii! CTyaI. JI'COBOfl; XJecTaicOBn r. IlaBoB'b ;
OcHnI r. 'ypKHHb (nceBa.).
2) ,,Paxcyiti BlbTHHK'"" 1890 roAa, XJ 92.
3) ,Neue Dorptsche Zeitung" 1890 r., M 92: ,,.... Zunchst
war unverkennbar die Regie eine wohldurchdachte und iiberaus sorg-
filtige: von ganz vereinzelten kleinen Stockungen abgesehen, ,,klappte"
Alles bestens...... Vor Allem aber lagen die Hauptrollen in den









21

Bo BTOpot IIOAOBHHt 90-Xn r0OAo01b 66un amcon-
HeHbl Ha ;iHTepaTypHo-My3hlKaJIhHOM, yqeHHqecKOM' Beqep'L ye-
aHKaMH IOpbeBcKaro PeaJIbHaro YqMJImlja c' 60JiblnIHM% cTapa-
HieM%' CIieHLI H MOHOJIOPrH H3'L IbeCi Foro00 i ,,jIKe-
H T b 6 a ".
B% 1899 roay 9-ro anptja Ha onepHo- ApaMaTrHecKo-
My3hKaJlbHOM% Beuept, aaHHOM'b OT'b HMeHM IOpbeBcKaro CeMeit-
Haro 061tecTBeHHaro Co6paHiH ,, POAHHKI B'b KOHjepTHO-
TeaTpaJlbHOMl, aait ,,HOBuif TeaTp%" 1) HC[IOJIHnmlnl r. ropaeB,
,,3alanI cK cyMacmeAl Iaro", coq. H. B. ForojiS, B1 co-
KpaliieHin Appeeaa BypjiaKa.



besten Handen so zunichst die des Helden des Sttickes, des
Pseudo Revidenten Chlestakow. Es war eine prachtig einheitliche
Figur, die uns in diesem leichtsinnigen Windbeutel, sorglosen
Schwindler und unblndigen Renommisten aus der Residenz vorge-
fiihrt wurde, der ohne Ahnung von der ihm zugesprochenen Wiirde
die Rubel und das sonstige ihm zufallende Gute nonchalant nimmt,
wo er es gerade bekommt; sehr angenehm beriihrte es bei der
Zeichnung dieser Charakterfigur, dass grdbere Striche, zu welchen
namentlich der dritte Act in der grossen Scene nach dem Friihstiick
hitte geben kinnen, sorglich vermieden wurden. Das Ntmliche gilt
von der nichst Chlestakow wichtigsten Partie des Stadt Tyrannen
Anton Antonowitsch, die in besten Handen lag".
1) Moin KOHuepTHO-TeaTpajIbiibIf 3ana ,,HonbIIf TeaTp'" nocTpoeH'b
MHOIO Ba 1892 roAy. CocTaBIeHie nrJI a no MOHMi' ylas3aHiHM'b, a
TalIrc Haaop0p aa B03BeAeHieM' IIOCTpofiKH 6bHu noIpyIeHbI yHHBep-
CHITeTCKOMy apXHTeITOpy r. P. FyjieKe, ycTpOficTBO ce cieHb i H I3ro-
TOBJeHie jeitopaiift B3HJIrb Ha ce6a TaJInaTJIHBbIfI M'CTHbIfIl ~HB011HCeIb-
ae1opaTop' r. I. PoseH6eprrb, pa60TaBmuif yate 'b 1891 roJty aIJIa
,Biirgermusse". ,,HOBbIf TeaTpb" TpeacTaBJiHeTS co6oio IIOTH
TpexaTaHoHOe KaMeHHoe 3aaHie H HHMIeT'B IpoM' 3asaa H cueHbI eIqe
14 noMtleHifl. (Dofte COCTOHT'b H3a 7 IKOMHaT', HaXOSMIIIHXCH B'
lepeBHHHOM'b aIOM'B Ha KaMeHHOM'b ()yHaMeHTt; 3TOTrb AOM'b fpHMbi-
xaeT'b HenocpeAcTBeHHO EL KaMOHHOMy 3AaHiIO H IIpHHaAJieajFi'b BT,
60-x' H 70-xr roaaxb H3B'aCTHOMy pyccKOMy nHcaTejH) rpaBy B. Co-
-ioro6y. BeC nolIOMteHis ocBllRaIoTaH raaoM'b. OTanjinBaeTca ,,HoBbIi
TeaTp'b" OTMacTH KOICOM'b, OTqacTH ace jIpoBaMH. 3aJIb [O OJIO 40 _j
caac. upH BInm. B'b 23'/3 ()yT.] cib He6oIbmHM G6aJIcoHOM'b BMblaeTb
350 qenosBtKi. IIpH ,,HOBOM' TeaTpt" HMaeTCca caai. CIeHa (25 [
caac. npH BbIm. Bw 5 caw.) HMseTrb 2 saHaBtca H oKOJIO 40 AeeKopagifl.
,eIxopagiin 60Jibinelo qacTilo apO'IHOfl CHCTeMbI H InoAHHMaioTCH, KaKI
n 3aHaB CoI, JIIHKOM'b HaBepx'b. Ha cueHt 7Ba cnycKa. FjiaBHOii




_Y7,




22

OceHLIO 1900 roAa yqeHHKH IOpheBcKaro FopoacKoro
YqH- Hma npeUATaBHJInH B, 8aai yqnnmmia n ep B h a T'
,, PeBH3opa".
B% TOM' Me yqHj4Hmt noJI ynpaBJ eieM% npenoaaBaTean
SCpoTKmHa 6uA1 HCnoJIHeHB yqeHBKaMH: a) 8-Fo eia6pa
1901 roja, Bb AeHb oCBrmeHiH HOBaro yqYnHmJHaro 8aaJa,
,nEeHHTb6a"' H OTph1BKH H13% KOM. ,,PeBHso0p ";
6) B'b 4eBpajt 1902 roAa no noboAy naTHTwecHqTHJtTiH Co
AHH KOHqHHhl H. B. roroJAI OTPhIBKH n143 ,,Pe6BHOpa".
9-ro )eBpaaa 1902 rosa 6u3si AjH% Bs% IOpbeBCKOM',
CeMehiHOM' 06IimecTBeHnHOM' Co6paHin ,,PooaHKb" 1) naHTepa-
TypHO BOKaJILHO My8.3KaJlbHfhl BeCep%, InocBaIIeHHUIf naMHaTH
H. B. Forojn n B. A. AIyKOBCKaro. Ha STOM' seBept, 6uJiH
npo0aTaHu ; 1) r-HKaMH MomapCKOo0 H IyBRnMHCKOIO: Pas-
rOBOP'b AaMhl npiaTHOfi Cu AaaMO)O npiaTHOK) BO
: BCEX% OTHOTmeHiHX%;
2) r-MU ropeHKo: MoHoH0or'LHb ,,Mep TaBx ;aymIU";
3) r-MN HHKO.IbCKHM% H FopeHKO: cIeHa ,,TaHl6a".
25-ro mapTa 1902 roa a cocToaJICBs KOpbeBCKOM'
PeajibHOMs YHqHjHItIl JnHTepaTypHhIft Bseep, BH naMHTb H. B.
Foroua n B. A. 21yKOBCKaro, Ha KOTOPOM' 6m a OqeHb HIBO
pa3arpaHa uneca roroja ,,MeH H Tb 6a". HCHOJIHHTeOJIMH 6hiJIH


ltjbio npH nocTpofICt ,,HoBaro TeaTpa" 6bijo faTb BO3MOZHOCTb
BCtMI apTHCTaMB H moI06HTeJIaM'b BO BCqCEOe BpeMa rooa sa He;Ioporylo
H HJIH BC2tx paBHylO nIiaTy HMtrTb yAo6nHOe H, K{K'b AJIH TeaTpaJIb-
HbIXT npeOCTaBJIeHifl, TaK'b H UJIHa IOHIepTOBs H Beiepoa' no BO3-
MOMHOCTH IIpHcnloco6JIeHHoe sgaHie.
1) IOpbeBcxoe CeMeflHoe 06,ecTBeHHoe Co6paHie ,,POAHH 'b" Ha-
XOAHTCHt Bb HaCTOHIImee BpeMa B' aOMtB .. JIjniieHeJenAa no PnIacKof
ynjimq. OHo 3aHHMaOT' HHCHift TTacib AoMa. Bb TOMb O fe aaJIt,
Bb KOTOpoM'b CCToaJICaI 9-ro 4eBpaJIa 1902 r. BOHep', noosnIineHHbI
naMSITH H. B. Forojin H B. A. JyKOBcxaro, 6bIIH nocTaBJIeHbl Bb
1883 rosy no noBogy 100-fl ProOBIIHHbi AHJ poCAeHiai B. A. XYIOB-
cKaro IJII Ha6paHHaro Kpyamxa apuTeJIefi HBbIRi KapTHHbI H3'b nepe-
BejeHHOft iyKOBCKIHM' IIOBtCTH JISIMOTTb (yK3I ,,YHAHHa". OM'b
$. JlHjiieHineIbAa aaHHMaJia Bs TO BpeMa ceMba ceHaTopa Ca6ypoBa,
6obInaro noneuieTeJnsia epnTCKaro yqe6Haro onpyra H MHHHCTpa Ha-
poAHaro npoCBtIeHiH.







23


6ojIbuieKo sacTilo yqeHHKH. JIBh, HieHCKi pOJnJ [Ar. THX. H
Ap. HaHT.] BSHJ H Ha ce6sa AJB AaMhi MIcTHaro pyccKaro oiruecTBa,
a poJIb KoKapeBa HC[IOJIHHJI% OAHH'% H3b 1lpenoaaBaTeJIei.



DToMy JOBOROjHO UJIIHHHOM pay pyccKCKHXX JI0o6HTeJhCKHX%
ClieKTaKJiefl MOmHO IIpOTHBOIIOCTaBHTL TO.ILKO ABa CIIeKTaKJIH, la
KOTOpUIXb HCnOJIH IJIHCb npOpecCiOHaJILHbMH pyCCKHMH apTHCTaMM
npoa3BeneHia f oroina.
B' 1890 roxy, 18-ro Hoam6pa, npoejwi Bb KOCTIOMA
npH 06CTaHOBKI; BI' saaji ,,Birgermusse" apTHCT JIeHHCOBB
,,3ailCKH cyMacLIeAmiaro", coq. H. B. rorojin, B'b co-
KpaineHin AH}peeBa-BypiaKa, a 10 JItT cIuyHCTa 27-ro lHBapal
1900 rosa ,,Tpynnoio C.-IIeTep6yprcKHx% apaMaTHqecKHX-b
apTHCTOB%, noia ynpaBJeHieM, nH C% yqacTieMb apTHCTa K. A.
FapTaIoBa-IapqaHCKaro" 6OJIL AaHH Ha CIjeHt ,,HoBaro TeaTpa"
,,P e B I 3 op 'b". Tpynnaa cocTolia IH3a MeJIKX X apTHCTnqecKHIX
CHJmb 1), Hn cnoJIHeHie 6e3cMepTHoft KOMeAiH 6huto InopeacTBeHHOe.



IIepeqnicjiHB' TaKHM 0o6paSo0M cneKTaKJI pyccKHIX, jio6n-
Teaef ii pyccCKnx' apTHCTOB'b, MHI; OCTaeTC eme KOCHyTbLC
H3o6pa;KeHi npoH3seeAenifi oroJq H HHMeAKof H 8CTOHCKO i cIeHaxr,.
B'% HiMelqKOMm epeBoAt; aaBaaca y Hac, TOJIbKO ,,P e B H -
30p b", H aaBaaiCH OH8 ABa paaa.
IlepBoe npeACTaBJeHie AJIH rOpoICKoro HaceJIeHiH COCTOHJIOCb
22-ro ilOHa 1866 roAa2) He Bs caMOMw ropoA',, a Bo oAHno


1) FaaBHbI poji 6bIJMi pacnpeAjHbieHLi CJI'hAyioIIHMl o6pao0M'b:
FopoAHH9xfi r. TeMHpeB'i; AHHa AHApeeBHa r-aa CTp'jineIcaa;
Mapbs AHTOHOBHa r-~ca Ka36H1'b; XJIOIIOB r. CJIOBaKR; CyabIb
- r. lHcapoB'b; 3eMJrHHHra r. IIIa6eIbcEift; HIoTMei4cTep) r.
BpOHCRifl; Ao6HHCICil r. MnxaJIOB'b; Bo6qHHCKifl r. O6oJreH-
cKif; XJIecTarOBrb r. rapTaonajOB-KapsaHcKif ; OcHni r. KaJIbBep'b.
2) B'b raseTHbIX'b 06'BJIBeHiX'b HaneqaTaHo: ,,Mittwoch, den
2*










24

BepcTt oTr ropoAa B6JIH3H KOPM61 ,,Btunit KOHb" [,,Zum weissen
Ross"] HJI ,,Novum" Ha cIeHt RaLBHo" HCqesHyBUmaro c% jinlga
eaCMJIH ocqaTaro TeaTpa, rat nrpana HiMeqAKaI Tpynna noi'
ynpaRBeHieH e% peKTOpa HHnaHia [Nielitz]1); BTopoe me -
inITb nJT% cIIyCTi, 13 aBrycTa 1871 roAa2) Ha c0e H


22. Juni c....... zum ersten Mal: Der Revisor oder das incognito,
PeBH3op'b HJIa HHIorHnTO, Lustspiel in 3 Akten, nach Gogol's ,Re-
visor" aus dem Russischen frei bearbeitet von Albert Junkelmann.
[Repertoirstiick simmtlicher russ. Biihnen]". Cp. Dirptsche Ztg.
1866 r. M 139; Neue D6rptsche Ztg. 1866 r. M 141.
1) TaroTtBmee c' 1812 roaa Haai ropoAoMoM aanpeMeHie
TeaTpa no6yAHJIo HB 1857 roay AHlpe ropa HHJlaIa RaBaTb upeacTa-
BjenHia BH saropOAHOR KopqMb ,'BtJblfI KOHb" [,Zum weissen Ross"
- IH ,,Novum", KIca Ha3bIBaJIH ee CTyfeHTbI], npHHaAJeiemarlagei
rpaHHnuaMeMy cb ropoAOM'b HMtHiO ,Techelfer". BepxHit aanj [16'/ []
cat. Hnp BbimHnff Bt 13 (yT.] ICOp'IMbI 6bub Ha6pauH' MICTOM'
t'flCTBiH. TaMi, Ha He60oIbmof aanJIHoI cCeHKI, aaa.naa npeacTaBaeHia
Tpynna AHp. HHnuIa Bs TeqeHie JITa 1857 rosa. Ho yace B 1858
roay o6paTHwca r. HHJiHnmb epeaTi r. Bayapa, ynpaBasnoaaro MltHieM'b
,,Techelfer" H aaBceraaTaH TeaTpa, Hi) BjiaatJIby HMHia cI) ]poc0b60oo
IOCTPOHTb JI'STHee TeaTpaJrbHOe HaaHie. P. Bayapy yAajiocb yroBopHTb
BJIaatbJIIa HMtHiI, H BH KOpOTKOe BpeMH Ha CCeOT' IIOMtlBIqHa OblJIL
nocTpOeHT nroapaaHsAhHOMb PeftHXOIbAO0M'i YM6Jieio (Reinhold Umblia)
oonKIo Icop'MbI no yxaaaHiaM6b r. HHJIHa I AOiaTbift JItTHiii TeaTp'b
C'b 3pHTeJIbHbIM% 3ajIOMb Ha IOeJIOBSeK'I 600; 3aJIc COCTOInJI' H3ab no-
CTeneHHO noBbNmaBnmaroca napTepa, rannepen xme H JnoZa He HM'tjIn.
IIocTpoifta o6omujacb He OC06eHHO aoporo, He npeacTasBJnia co6olo
HHmero ianHTaJIbHaro, He HMJIba FyHaaMeHTa H 6biJIa ospameHa nepnoe
BpeMsl Iaib eOHapyH, TaIi) H CHYTpH IpocToIO ctpoBaTOIO lpaciCOHo;
BnocJItacTBiH OJIIeHBaJIHcb CTtbHbI H3HyTpH 060osMH. Yase rJlItTHii Cea3nH'
1858 roa 6baJIrn OTKpbIT' B' HOHOBOM nHocToPHOM 1 3AaHiH, H o10 B03Be-
AeHia JI.-THlro TeaTpa Ha oKpaHHr ropoAa, Ba cany PeMecaeHHaro
06mecTBa, TeaTp'b oxcoJo KOPHMbl ,,BtJIbifl I OHb" npHBJIe Eaj iB
TeleHie 12 JIrT'i MHoroiHCJIeHHyio ropoacylio ny6JIHEy Kas'b CBOHM'b
penepTyapoMn [aaBaiHcb He TOJIbXo (apcmi, toMeAiH, apaMbi, TpareAiH, HO
H onepeTKH H onepbI], Tara H cpaBHHTeOJbHO xopomHMbM nepcoHa&JOMi
HCnoJIHHTeJIeft, MeMay KOTOPbIMH IIOIBJIFIJIHCb HHOFAa Bb KSaqecTBTH
rocTefl nepBOJiaccHbls CHJIbI neTep6yprcIaro HMnepaTopciaro HBMeuKaro
TeaTpa. C'b OTKpbITieM' TeaTpa BH) caay PeMecJ eHHaro 06nfecTBa
aaropoaIHbix TeaTp' noTepJani CBoe aHaqeOie, o6BeTIajrIa n 6bIJai
npoaaHb Ha CJIOM'b BH 1874 roay aa 180 py6neft.
2) Bb raseTHOMb o06'aBHIeHiH o cneKTa JIt 13-ro aBryc'a 1871
rona HaneTaTaHo: ,, . Freitag, den 13. August 1871. Zum ersten
Male: ,,Der Revident", oder: ,Das Incognito". Lustspiel in 3 Acten,
nach Gogol's ,,Revisor" aus dem Russischen frei bearbeitet von Albert










25

cyruecTsyiomaro H Tfeepb J THPro TeaTpa sB cany HtMeTIKaro
lOpbencKaro PeMecJreHHaro 06necTsa 1). 3xac, noAnHaanaci
HtMeuKaa Tpynna AHipeKTopa 3A. BepeHTa.


Junkelman . ." [,,Dirptsche Ztg." 1871 rojla, Bb MsN 183, 184
H ,,Neue Dbptsche Ztg." 1871 roAa Bb MXN 183, 184]. HHTepecHo,
ITTO To o6'barneHie OTJIHnaeTca OT'b TaKOBOrO BI 1866 roAly OTCyT-
cTBieMI pyccKaro aarjiaBiH nhecbi, a TaiWe 3aM'bHOIO BH HtMeII.KOMb
3arLaaiH CJIOBa ,,Revisor" CJIOBOMb ,,Revident". TaKi xaaKR a, Kb
comKaJIrHim, He IOJyRHJI~ nepeAtJIKH Ajib6epTa IOHxeJlbMaHa, TO H He
B' COCTOHHiH CKiBaTb, KaKoe CJIOBO HaXO)HTfCI B' aarJIaBiH caMOfl
nepeAJlitnH.
1) KaKb ymae 6bsGo cKa3aHo BbhIUe, Bb 1870 roay 6bua Topce-
CTBeHHo OTKpbITb HtMel.ifil jTHif TeaTpb B'b caAy PeMecjIeHHaro
OGiuecTBa. 1HHHiiiaTHBy aTOrO tinaa npHunHCbBaeT'h o Ha H3'b MtCT-
HbIX, raaeTb ,,Neue Dirptsche Zeitung" ,,HtCKOJIbKHM'b na-
TpiOTaMub cb, HnKOJIaeMib (OH'b-TTHHreHOMb BO rJIaBt" [,,einige patrio-
tische Minner, an ihrer Spitze Nicolai v. Oettingen", N. D. Z. 1880 r.
j 142]. H. (. 3TTHHreH'b 6B1,i'b B TO BpeMl npeActAaTeJneMb Pe-
MecneHHaro 6OrnecTBa. IIpH HeMb 6bIJI Bbipa6oTaHb COBtTOM'b Tap-
[iHH'b HaR3BHHaro 06IecTBa npoeKTb nocTpofiAH .ItTHaIro TeaTpa, npu
qeMb CaMO 06mIecTBO 3a HeRMmtHieMb cpegCTBR He XOTtJIO B3ITb Ha
ceO6I HH B03BeAeHiH 3{aHi~ HH KaKot JIm6o OTBtTCTBeHHOCTH 3a ero
aoxoAOHOcTb. nJIa cocTaBaeHia Heo6xoJaHMaro iamlITajia [nepBOHa-
ajibHafr CmMTa He npeBbimaJia 6500 py6., HO BRIOCJltCTBiH TeaTp'
cb HHBeHTapeNM% o6omelJca Bb 16.453 py6. 21 xon.] o6pa3sBaaocb
axilioHepHoe TOBapHllecTBO. PeMecJeHHOe ace OOIIGecTBO o6asamnoci
AaTb Bb CBoeM'b cay MtCTO qJIH a83aHiR, a TarIe HeCTH Bb TeqeHie 12 JrtiT'b
pacxogbi no CTpaXOBKt H peMOHTy alaHiL, 3a HTO no HpoI ecTBiH O3Ha-
'IeHHbX'b 12 JItTb TeaTp'b onIceH'b 6bInb nepeftTH B'b HOJIHyIo co6-
CTBeHHOCOT 06mecTBa. KpOMBf Toro CoB'TTy CTapIUIHHb npeaocTaBjieHO
6biao npaBo ronoca npH coBMrbCTHOM'b c% npea~TaBHTeJISMH TOBapHIWe-
CTBa ptmeHiH BoIIpocoB'b o penepTyapt, o noCbTHTeJIHX'b TeaTpa H o
HaHa3HeHiH IJHb MtfCTaM'b. Bb arnptit 1870 rona HarqaJIHc pa-
GioTb, I'b 16-My Maa nocTpoflta 6bhIa, no ynoTpe6JIeHHOMy ,,Neue
DSrptsche Zeitung" BbipaaeHimo, ,,mit affenihnlicher Geschwindigkeit",
T. e. ,,cb o6e3bHHOiHOOo6HOfl CIopocTbIO", 11noBeaeHa no pb Ephny, a
21-ro iouHa COCTOHJIOCb nepBoe npeacTaBJeHie. CTpoHJn TeaTp'b
r. Xio66a noI, Ha6JoIoAeHieML HI no niaHy apXHTeKTopa PaTmapa. -
M'IcTHaH rae3Ta ,,DDrptsche Zeitung" HasbIBaeTb J IiTHif TeaTpb B'I
caay PeMecjeHHaro 06mecTBa ,,ein neues ,,Novum", aber erweitert
und verbessert", T. e. raaeTa BHAIHT' Bb HeMb TaiKe aIe 3aaHie, KaKoe
6biJO npH 3aropOAHofl KOpMMt, HO TOJIbKO B'b paCIIHpeHHOM'b H
HcHpaBJIeHHOMb BH ut. 3aaHie IIpeACTaBJIHeT'b o060o1 CiKBOHOrH
6aJIosHbfl OCTOBs, PAb I KOToparo 3a6paHbI TO Cb BnyTpeHHefi
(B'b aant), TO Cb BHHTmHeft (caaOBMba CTtHbI I{opHAOpa) CTOpOHbl
iocKaMI, A oTJanaeTCH OT'T saropogHaro TeaTpa (ioate TmIaTeabHoft,




I-





26

IKaKb Bb 1866, TaK' H B% 1871 roiAy nrpaJi ,,PeBHsopa"
Hno cocToHaBIme HS3 Tpex% aKTOB%- BOJI Hoft iiepeAtlKmt Ailb6epTa
IOHKeajMaHa.-AblimH Toro BpeMeHH He coxpaHHInmiH HO HMIMOTCH
coBpeMeHHle 0OT3bIBbi M'CTHblX% H'tMeqKHX'% raseTL, Kaca3IOiweca
KaKH% CaMof KOMeAiH rOOJIOH, TK'b H ea ,,nepeAtJanK" H HaKO-
TOpux% 1348 HCIIOJIHiTeJleI ororOJeBCK14X% THIIOB%. ,,Neue Dorptsche
Zeitung" iIOMtcTHjia npeABapTejHbHyo o aaM'hTKy 0o ipealcTraBneHiH
13 ase. 1871 r. H OTSMBLI KaKnT 0 lpeAcTaBJeHin 1866 roAa,
TaK% H 0o lpeAcTasBeHiH 1871 roAa; BR ,,Dorptsche Zeitung"
MKe H HauIleO TOJIbKO npeHBapHTej]bHyI) 3aMa TKy H OT31BT% 0
ilpeaCTaBJleHiH 1871 roPala). HacKOJibKo MHI'h SBC'THO, 3a


IcaHTanJbHol eTpoThcKO, He oco6eHHo BbICOIHM' EKaMeHHHbIM ( HHAaMeH-
TOMB, a TaimKe 6onoe xygomecTBeHHOfl BHyTpeHHefl H BHtlIHO i OT-
AraJlCOi. 3pHTeJILbHbil 3a-'b, COCTOSHRifl 1H3I napTepa H rajitepen cL
SanjiOHOM'b H 18 JioacaMH, OXpymeHH ,AIOBOJIbHO IPpoCTOpHbIM'b A~iyXaTac-
HbIMb KOpHmgOpOM'b H 6ibIJ' pa3cqHTaH' nepBOHa1aJIbHO Ha 'e-IOB'K'
800; no HOBIBrmeMy niiaHy BMti aeTI' OHI B'b HacTOilee BpeM 650
apHTeOeft. CueHa AOBOJIbHO rJIyfoKa H mHpoxa, HO Jo 1900 ro-a 6bnaa
He HICTOJIbKO BbICOOa, qT0o6bI 3HaBtC IH AeBIKpaUi MorJIH nofII)HMaTicC
UtJIIIHOM'b HaBepx'. IIo npHMtpy IocTpoeHHaro BL 1892 roAy ,,Hosaro
TeaTpa" 3TOTI HeAOCTaTOK'L blbh HaKOHeI' YCTpaHeH' BL 1900 roAy.
IIepBble Ba roIa AonycKajrIHb Ha upeacTaBJIeHiH HCKJIIOlHTeJIbHO
aJIeHbI OG3iuecTBa, HO TaKoro poa orpaHHreHie oKaaajiocb I[eBbIroA-
lIHbIMb AnIn TeaTpaJIbHaro npeulhpifTia B'b MaTepiaJTnbHoMb oTlIOIeHin,
BcJIrLbCTBie Hero oblJio paaptIleHo 1 HIHeqJeHaMb nIoc'liiaTb Tea rpb: Bb
1872 roAy no IoHOAtJLbHHKaM'b, C'b 1874 no 1876 roAb no GCYYHSM'~,
a C' 1877 rosa cAgtaJi~cb Bect npeacTaBJieHiH o6ieloeTyrnHb. ,1tJio
nomLio HaCTOJIsbO yclimao, HTO no upomecTBiH BbImeosHaieHHbix'L
12 JtTb BCet aKioHepbI 6bMIIH yloB.eTBOpeHbI, H PeMecAeHmioe 06-
MuecTBO cAtnJaJIocb IIOJIHblM' XOsaHHHOM' TeaTpajibHaro 3OlaHiI. -
lo'ITH 20 JItTl aUpeKTOpOM'b Tpynnibi 6bijam apTHCT'b BepeHT,,
ypomceHeOI PHrU, cOCTOSIBmifi TaKECe EHpeOTOpOM'b PeBeaJbCcaro ropoA-
cKoro TeaTpa; H3a AHpecTopOB'b HHOCTpaHUeBb TOJIbRO r. Tpi3iMaHfL
rnpo6biJiu ABa roa, Apyrie me npoAepmacajib H Toro MeHbme; C' no-
JIOBHHII ce3oHa 1898 roga aHTpenpeHepoM' TeaTpa&bHaro nbiRa rBJIH-
CTCH camo PeMecaeHHoe OiigecTBo, rJIaBHbIMb se peaHccepoML, HasbI-
BaeMblM i no HrtMeeI ,, artistischer Director" cocTOHT' L apTiHCT'
K. BpeTmIHefiAep,, ypomceHegs ropola 10pbeBa. PenepTyapr H'H-
MeIICaro JItTHaro TeaTpa Bb caAy PeMecaeHHaro 06niecTBa TOmOC CaMbift
pa3Hoo6pa3HbIfi: apcbi, KOMeAiH, gpaMbI, TparegiH, onepeTKH 1 onepbi.
TeaTp' PeMec.i. 06ii. o6aaBeJIc Bb nocJritgHie roAbI HtKOTopblNM' KIO-
JIIIHeCTBOM'b Co6CTBeHHbIX' HOBbIXh a;eKopaitfi.
1) TaKb IcKaiC OT3hlBbI MIcTHLIX'b itMeIIKHX'b ra3eT' nflpeaCTa-










27

HCKJloqeHieM'b HtKOTopux% pyccKHXI onep'b, ,,PeBHnop" Forona
eAIHHCTBeHHa~ KJIaccHqecKaH pyccKaa nueca, KOTopa asajiacL
HtMenalKM apTHCTawM Bb K)OpLeBt JJIn aHHACKOn ry6epHiH.



BJIIIOT'b H3BICTHbII TeaTpaJbhIo-HCTopHIeciift HHTepec', TO S npHBoy
HX nHOJIHOCTbIO Bs 3TOM'b MOeM'b HpHM'iiaHiH:
I. OTs3blB o IIpeAcTaBJeHiH ,,PeB30opa" Ha HtMeOiKfi
cueHn 3aropoAHaro TeaTpa 22-ro iioHS 1866 roAa, noMtmeHHbhIl
Bs ,,Neue Dirptsche Zeitung" 1866 roaa, B' N 143 H nonnH-
caHHbInf 6yKBoIo F ": ,,Die Pausen auszufiillen [B'L TOT' ace
caMbifi AeHb, 22-ro iloHl 1866 r.. racTpojiposana nfiserb Bonib-
mofi Onepbi Bs IIapPHsc r. K). Cecce6b6eprb; Bs, HaraJI5, Bb.
KOHI t H nocat IKacfaro aKTa ,,PeBHsopa" 6bIIn HcnonIHeHbi r.
C. HyMepa ntfia], fiihrte man den Revisor des Gogolj auf. Das
Lustspiel im Originaltext macht schon auf den Leser einen un-
gemein lebhaften und wirksamen Eindruck, bei dem Zuschauer
erregt es in der That ,Sensation". Anders jedoch verhalt es
sich mit einer ,freien" Bearbeitung, und frei muss sie sein,
denn keiner deutschen Uebersetzung ist es m6glich, das eigenthiim-
liche, vielgeschmeidige sich gehen lassen in der Ausdrucksweise
des Kernrussen wiederzugeben. Bei der gestrigen Auffiihrung
trat neben diesem unvermeidlichen Mangel noch der einer nur
zu freien Reproduction der russischen Originalitit. In dem Lust-
spiel ist ein wesentlicher Trlger derselben Ossip, den Herr
K op ka machte. Was wir an diesem Schauspieler wahrge-
nommen und von Vorstellung zu Vorstellung bestltigt finden,
ist seine Sucht, jede komische Rolle zu cari k iren. So er-
ging es dem frdhlich gemiithlichen Wirthen in den ,,Deutschen
Kom6dianten", so auch dem Ossip in dem ,,Incognito". Dieser,
das Leben und die feineren Sitten der Residenz kennend, wird
beim Gogolj entschieden die Unschicklichkeit nicht begangen
haben, ohne ,Pojas" (Giirtel), im flatternden Hemde, Herr-
schaften gegeniiber aufzutreten; er wird sich mdglichst aller
Purzelbaume entschlagen, die nur einem Hanswurst anstehen,
und nie wird er bis zum Hfsslichenr iibertreiben. Doch kinnen
wir nicht verschweigen, dass viele Einzelnheiten im Spiel des
Herrn Kopka befriedigten. Dass Herr G o ritz sein tiberwie-
gendes Talent zum Tragischen an komischen Rollen ausnutzt,
ist der Lage nach ein zwar anzuerkennendes, zugleich aber
bedauernswerthes Opfer. Herrn Rogall kdnnen wir betreffs
seiner gestrigen Darstellung des Dubowsky leider nur dieses
Angenehme sagen, dass sein vorziiglicher Gestus und seine
dramatische Mimik auch auf Herrn H. Rogall, seinen Sohn,
iibergegangen ist, von dem bei Fleiss und anhaltender Liebe
zur Kunst mehr zu erwarten steht, als ihm anzuwenden Gele-
genheit geboten wird. Er sowohl, als die iibrigen Vertreter






24^










28

06t rasaeThI OT3URaKaTCHa CI% nOXBaJIo0O 0 KOMej]iH ForoJIn;
,,Dorptsche Zeitung" KpoMt Toro yIIoMHHaeT%, HTO ForoJia


der Tapkin-, Klopoff- und Burkin Rollen, ebenso die beiden
Edelleute machten eih alien Lobes werthes Zusammenspiel. Die
Damen K o p k a und Luth e r vermochten nicht die Grenze des
Mittelmissigen zu iiberschreiten; wo sie es versuchten. waren
ihnen die Losungsworte ,,richtige Declamation und Auffassung"
entfallen. F. -
II. IIpeABapHTembHaa aaM'IBTKa o npeAcTaBjeniH ,,Pens3opa"
Ha H;'MeIRKOfl cuenHet JITHJlrO TeaTpa Ba caIy PeMecneHH1aro
OG6ecTBa, noM'tIeHHaaI BR ,,Neue Dbrptsche Zeitung" n, N 184
B'h KOHInt OT3bIBa o06% Hcno.IHeHiH KOM. ,,Glass Wasser" : .....
Hoffen wir, dass der zu morgen angesetzte, beim Dorpater
Theater-Publicum von friiher her bekannte ,,Revident", unstreitig
das beste Lustspiel des russischen Theaters, sich einer sorg-
filltigeren Auffiihrung [r. pegieH3eHT'i 6buh IcpafiHe HeaOBJoieHrb
nocTaHOBKOHO KOM. ,,Glass Wasser"] zu erfreuen haben wird".
III. OTS3hB' o npeACTaBJIeHiH ,,PeBH3opa" Ha nII;MeuR f o
cqeHl 13-ro aBrycTa 1871 roAa, IIOM'lleiHHbI f B'I ,,Neue Dirpt-
sche Zeitung" 1871 r. BI N 187, BH (pejbeTOHl noari 3arJia-
BiOM'b ,,Gogolj's Revident" : ,Diese Ueberschrift fiir die am
letzten Freitag hier zur Auffiihrung gekommene free Bearbeitung
des ,,Revisor" ist nur der Kiirze wegen gewdhlt worden. In
Wirklichkeit sahen wir weder das ,,Repertoirestiick aller russ.
Bilhnen", wie es auf dem Zettel heisst, noch die Junkel-
mann'sche freie Bearbeitung, sondern mussten vorlieb nehmen
mit einer Mache, wie sie die Laune einzelner Schauspieler er-
zeugte. Es steht ja ziemlich fest, dass Gogolj's Revident auf
der deutschen Biihne, einem deutschen Theaterpublicum gegen-
Liber nur in freier Bearbeitung aufgefiihrt werden kann. Dialek-
tische und dialogische Schwierigkeiten, zum Theil auch gesell-
schaftliche Riicksichten sind es, die eine Abweichung vom Ori-
ginal nithig machen. Dass die Junkelmann'sche Bearbeitung
im Ganzen im Geiste Gogolj's sich bewegt, ist nicht schwer zu
erkennen. Aber hat man schon hier zu Freiheiten seine Zu-
flucht genommen, die den Dialog und vieles Charakteristische
des Originals oft in schreiender Weise beeintrachtigen, um so
sorgfiltiger sollten die deutschen Biihnenleitungen dariiber
wachen, dass durch willkiirliche Zusammenschneidungen und
Auffassungen der Rollen Seitens der Schauspieler selbst nicht
noch ein Uebriges zum gfnzlichen Entfremden des vortrefflichen
Lustspiels hinzugethan werde. Es sind nur sehr wenige. viel-
leicht zwei, drei Hauptgestalten, die wir bei der neulichen Auf-
fiUhrung wiederzuerkennen vermochten: Chlestakow, Ossip und
mit manchem Vorbehalt auch der Schulinspector und der Kreis-
richter. Herr B e r e n t gab den Chlestakow. An der Auffassung









29

HaahlBaIOT'h JHKKeHCOM'b CtBepa, M4 TO OT' TOHKOR Ha6ltOARaTeJL-
HOCTH BTHIX AByX' n[1OTOBs He ycKOJILhHyJIH TeMHhl CTOpOHh


dieser verzogenen, noch durchaus milchbirtigen, aber in der
nordischen Residenz bereits nach alien Richtungen hin abge-
hetzten stereotypen Erscheinung hitten wir nur in sofern aus-
zusetzen, als H. Berent dieselbe durchweg zu gesetzt nahm.
Chlestakow verleugnet seine Jugendlichkeit niemals. Er ist
ebenso knabenhaft iibermiithig, als knabenhaft furchtsam, Beides
hatte der Darsteller mehr pointiren miissen: die Furchtsamkeit
gegeniiber dem Auftreten des Stadthauptes im Gasthaus, den
flegelhaften Uebermuth namentlich gegeniiber den Kleinstadte-
rinnen. Sonst war die Erscheinung recht wirksam und ent-
schadigte einigermaassen fir die wirkungslos gebliebene Gegen-
figur des Stadthauptes. In Bezug auf den Vortrag des H. Be-
rent kinnen wir die Bemerkung nicht unterdriicken, dass der-
selbe viel schneller dahineilt. Die h6here russische Conversation
will, gleich der franz6sischen, leicht, elegant, schnell ausgeiibt
werden. Was sein Herr iibersprudelnd schnell ist, das ist
der von Herrn Schelper dargestellte Ossip langsam und
schwerfillig in Rede und Bewegung. Ossip ist, wie jedes alte
Familienstiick einer russischen Gutsherrschaft, wichtig, brummig,
ewig iiber die Handlungen des ihm, wie er nicht anders glaubt,
auf absolute Verantwortung anvertrauten jungen Herrn reflec-
tirend. Wir freuen uns, dass Herr Schelper wenigstens zum
Theil die inneren Ziige dieser prlchtigen Figur getroffen hat.
Dieses Verdienst fillt um so vollgiltiger ins Gewicht, als die
Rolle selbst gegen die Junkelmann'sche Bearbeitung, wir wissen
nicht, ob aus Bequemlichkeit oder aus besserer Einsicht, ganz
unbarmherzig zusammengeschnitten ist, so dass die wichtigsten
Momente weggefallen sind und es der Geschicklichkeit des Schau-
spielers iiberlassen bleibt, dieselben zu kennzeichnen. Ent-
schieden fehlerhaft ist es, die aussere Erscheinung des Ossip
zu carikiren. Die Kupfernase, das in die Augen gestrichene
Haar sind durch Nichts motivirt. Ossip darf sogar eher wiirdig
als licherlich und einflltig erscheinen. Sein Humor ist ein
tief ernster. Die Wiirde des alten treuen Dieners iussert sich
denn auch in dem langen, von dem ,,gnadigen Herrn" auf ihn
iiberkommenen Rock, den er zugekn6pft tragen muss, so dass
das national Kennzeichen gewahrt und doch verwahrt bleibt.
Herr M 11 e r spielte seinen Schulinspector recht bray, nur hier
und da iibertrieb er, wie in der Vorstellungsscene. Herr K a r
hingegen, dessen Kreisrichter sonst die Kritik wohl aushalten
kinnte, pointirte zu wenig, was namentlich von der Eingangs-
scene gilt, die er nichst Dubowitzki und spiter Dob- und Bob-
schinski beherrschen muss. Diese beiden drastischen Figuren
kamen leider bei der Freitagsvorstellung ganzlich zu Schanden.


. -









30

qHMHOBHHqeCTBa, KOTopUIR, HO MHIHilO raseTh, Bue enIte, K'b
COaJIaHil1, CTOJIb MHoroqHI4CeHHhl BO BCtx% CTpaHax%; raseTa


Herr Julius gab in der ausseren Erscheinung einen Zwiebel-
russen, wohingegen dem Dobschinski des Herrn G u t h e ry,
wie vortrefflich er costiimirt und maskirt war, aller und jeder
Inhalt fehlte. Von dem Text der Rolle wenigstens schien nur
soviel iibrig geblieben zu sein, als Herr Guthery daran iibrig zu
lassen fir gut fand. -ch
IV. IIpeAsapHTeJIbHaa aMtTEa o npeICTaBIeHiH ,,PenB3opa"
Bb Ht'MelIcof nepeAtInKc 13-ro aBrycTa 1871 roa, noMtIeHHas
Bb ,.Dirptsche Zeitung" 1871 r., Bs N 184, BI KOHUnt OT3bIBa
o6 HcinonIHeHiH IoMe~iH ,,Dass Glass Wasser": ,Miissen wir
der Direction fiir die Aufflihrung des reizenden, auch technisch
so befriedigenden Lustspiels dankbar sein, da wir doch einen
recht vergniigten Abend verlebt, so wird das morgen (Freitag)
gewiss noch mehr der Fall sein, wo das Lustspiel ,Der Revident"
von dem beriihmten russ. Humoristeu Gogol uiber die Blihne
gehen wird. Wir haben diesen Verfasser den nordischen Dickens
(Boz) nennen h6ren, eine Bezeichnung, die ihn sofort charakte-
risieren muss. Der scharfen Beobachtung beider Dichter sind
die Kehrseiten des Beamtenwesens, leider in alien Landern noch
immer so zahlreich, nicht entgangen. Von Dickens sind sie in
verschiedenen Romanen zum Gegenstand der kistlichen Satire
gemacht worden. Dem Gogol ist es in diesem Stiicke gelungen
ein vortreffliches Bild kleinstadtischer Tschinowniks zu entwerfen.
Man kann den Revident (Revisor) nicht lesen ohne dabei laut
zu lachen, selbstverstindlich wird bei der Aufflihrung das Komische
viel mehr zur Geltung kommen. X
V. OT3aIB' o npeACTaBjIeHin ,PeBH3opa" Bb HlhMe1IKofl
nepeAtimt 13-ro aBrycTa 1871 r., noM'IeneHHblfl Bn ,Dirptsche
Zeitung" 1871 r., Bi MJ 186: ,,Nicht ohne Erstaunen erkannten
wir western in wie hohem Grade unser Theaterpublicum unselbst-
stiindig ist. Obgleich die Auffiihrung, sowie das Stuck selbst zum
herzlichen Lachen wiederholt reizte, somit den Zweck vollstfndig
erreichte, obgleich die Mehrzahl des Publicums entschieden zufrieden
war, less sich doch diese Mehrzahl von einigen wenigen dahin
lenken, die gewihnlichen Zeichen des Beifalls nicht zu geben.
Da nun die Auffuihrung wirklich eine gute war, so konnte dies
nur entmuthigend, somit zu Ungunsten des Publicums wirken.
Einige haben gemeint, die Auffassung sei zu possenhaft gewesen,
was einigermaassen wahr sein mag, doch diirfen wir nicht ver-
gessen, dass das Stick nichts als eine satirische Posse ist, was
kein Vorwurf gegen Gogol sein soll, hat ja Shakespeare selbst
Possen z. B. Die Irrungen geschrieben. Die ganze Anlage
des Revidenten ist possenhaft. Die Figuren in demselben sind
ohne Ausnahme Narren blos; jede Situation ist possenhaft bis









31

BHjEITb Ba ,,PeBnsopt" TOJIbKO caTMpwqecKifi (apc%, HTO BIpo0eM'b
He CTaBHTT rFroji Bb yupeK, Tanb Ka aKH IlleKcniHp'
nHcanab 4apc.
0 BOJIbHOI nepeAtaKt Ani6epTa IOHKeLbMaHa rOBOpHTCS1
TOabKO B' ,,Neue Dorptsche Zeitung". TeaTpaJIbHuh KPHTHKI,
aTORf raseTI (1871 r.) HeAoBOaeH'r nepe.aniolo. XOTHs OHn
co3HaeT,' c' O1HOt CTOPOHub HeB03MOfHOCTh uepeAaqnH Ha HtMenKif
asuiK- BCLXt TOHKOCTeft roroJIeBCKaro cioira, HO Cb JIpy'rol
CTopOHbI 06pymHBaeTCH Ha r. IOHKeJIbMaHa 3a AOIY1jeHHhl HMM
BOJIbHOCTH H coKpaiweHqi, HcKamatomiia CMiuCJI% nbecu.
'TO KacaeTca AcnoJIHeHia, TO, Meaely TMutt KaKn ,,Dorptsche
Zeitung" xBajiHT% arpy apTHCTOB B% 1871 roAy, ,Neue
Dorptsche Zeitung" noABepraeTT cTporoft KpHTHKI rr. HICOJI-
HITeaeif 1866 H 1871 roAOBs. B% 1866 i'oy KOMiMK KornIKa,


auf den Schluss, in welchem angedeutet, dass die ganze licher-
liche Gemeinheit von Neuem wieder losgehen kann. Das auf
die Nase fallen des Bobtschinsky (Act I) ist vorgeschrieben.
Das Zusammenschlagen der K6pfe beim Gratuliren (Act III)
ist vorgeschrieben, ebenso der Zank zwischen Bobtschinsky und
Dobtschinsky gegen Schluss; wiederholt giebt der Verfasser die
Bilhnenanweisung, der Schulinspector solle ja nur halb auf seinem
Stuhl sitzen u. s. w. Etwas anderes als eine vorzilgliche sati-
rische Posse aus dem Stiick zu machen, halten wir fiir unmig-
lich. Dies geschah. Es wurde im Ganzen recht gut gespielt,
nur war F rl. G i e r s im ersten Act auf einem Irrwege, im zweiten
und dritten gefiel sie uns besser. Wenn in dem Stick ein
Lichtpunkt ist, kann es nur in der Gestalt der Tochter gefunden
werden. Die Beamten sind alle Schurken, Bobtschinsky und
und Dobtschinsky ,,grosse Ochsen", zu dumm, um die Nieder-
trichtigkeiten ihrer Bekannten wiirdigen zu kinnen. Damit das
Bild nicht gar zu schwarz wird, muss das Midchen einffltig
und kindisch, sie ist auch eine Narrin, doch nicht ohne Anmuth
gegeben werden. Die Herren Schelper, Guthery und
Juli us hatten die Masken sehr gelungen gewihlt und spielten
ihre Rollen vortrefflich. F r Gro s s ist immer sattelfest. Mit
dem Spiel des Herrn Directors waren wir vollstandig einver-
standen, und gefiel uns besonders die Betrunkenheits-Scene
(Act II). Mit Anstand solche Scenen zu spielen ist stets schwer,
man iibertreibt gar leicht, in diesem Falle war bei voller Klar-
heit der Anstand ganz bewahrt. Im Ganzen wiederholen wir,
war die Auffiihrung hichst lobenswerth . . . .









32

irpaBulif Ocuna 6unh c MtCTaMH cjimiuKOM, KapKaTypeH'; OH,
HaAtJia py6amKy 6e8a noaca H no3BOJISfJIa ce6t KJoyHCKia BIl-
XOAKH; r. F o p H I %a npHiaa~ CBoeMy X1ecTaKOBy TparHqecKift
OTTtHOK%; r. Pora JI I ropojHHqrif 6uJ'l o BO MHOrOMb
HeyAoBJieTBOpHTeJeH'. IIpoqie qHHOBHHKH, 1H MHtHiIO ra3eTh
curpan~ xopomo. F-ma Kona-AHHa AHApeeBHa H r-ma
JI oK T e p Mapb AHTOHOBHa He 6i6IH BT COCTOAHiKH nepeflTH
rpaHH41l nIocpeACTBeHHOCTH. Bh 1871 r. HeyiosBJeTBOpHTejlh-
HOCTb nepe laJIKM r. IOHKeahMaHa 6ujia elie ycyry6aeHa npo0s-
BOJIbHUMH COKpaHleHiaMH, a TaKMe H npOHSBOJLHbIM' noHHMaHieM%
pojefi co CTOpOHbJ rr. aKTepOB%. TOJIbKO OTqaCTH yjIOBJieTBO-
pHTelbHu 6uJbji: AMpeKTOP1 Be p e H T i- XnecTaKosB ; r. [III Dj b -
n ap % Ocniu; r. M a J jiep' XJiorroB; r. Hap jib-T T KHHb-
JIHrKRH'i ; poJ1I ropoaMquaro, a TaKr e BO6qHHCKifl [r. IO j iy cy ]
m ,Io6qHHCKilf1 [r. y Tap] coBeputeHHO He yAaaJiHb.
KaK% yMe sBme 6uho saMIteHo, ,,Dorptsche Zeitung"
noxRaJIkja r'py aKTeposBb B 1871 roty. I H'EcKOJIbKO OCTa-
HOBJIIOCb Ha DTOM% OT3hlBf, TtM% 6o0JI'e, qTO TaKOFO poAa HBHOe
IIpoTHBop'qie BO MHuHiHX% AByX', raaeTL MOMeT', 6ITITb TaKme
o6asacHeHO HX% upo4eccioHaJlmHb1M% aHTarOHHSMOM%. ,,Dorptsche
Zeitung" HanHHaeTT% CBOK) peuHemio Ca' TOPO, qTO OTM'itqaeTT
KpafHmOIO) HecaMOCTOHTeJ1LHOCTL MtCTHo niy6jiHKH. XOTH no
Heyjep1IuMOMy Bceo6meMy CMhxy ny6jlmKH no11 MH'HiM i. OTtJIb-
HhiX% JIH,'n MO0HO 6ujio 3aKjIOrqHTL, qTo npeACTaBJIeHie noHpa-
BHJIOCb, Bee Me BCasJiCTBie BJiifHia HeMHOPrHX% 6OJIbIIMJHCTBO He
anJio HpoBano. FaseTa npI]oaBOT% cymteneHie npOTHBHHKOB :
,,mrpa 6hla caIHIIIKOM% IIyTOBCKaIa", TyTa me CTapaeTcIa TO
43BMHH4T, H OOCHOBaTb TtM'L, qTO ,,BeCL CTpOF, BeCb Hlnatll.
PeBr3opa IIlyTOBCKOf", qTO ,,HJIi(a B'% HeM% BCe 6e3% HCKjMIOqeHia
TOJILKO myTUI." CIaACTBieM' TaKOPO MHtHi H, aajeKo He COBna-
,iaionluaro, KaK't HB'BtTHO, C'L MHtHieM'% caMoro aBTopa, A0ojm na
6hTL, pasyMteTca, noqTH oryalhHaa HoxBaaa BCtIX H4CIOHHITeJle: :
,,1rpanaH Ba o6ueM% BecMa xopouio." B%, rpt AnpeKTopa
BepeHTa ra.eTtf oco6eHHo noHpasnBach ciesHa OlbHLiHHia. III9ab-
napa, ryTBapH IOaiyca raseTa xanBJi'r KaKa .3a rphM'b, TaKh









33

H 8a iHpy. HaI' peneH3in ,,Dorptsche Zeitung" MU y3HaeMb,
WTO AHHy AHApeerny Hrpaaa r-ma p o c c a Maphto AHTO-
HOBHn r-Ka F Hp cb. HaMb, He 6srnI[HMM' 3pHTreJiMH
BI, 1871 roay, TpyAHO p'BIUETb, KOTOpaa 1H3' aByxb ra3eT%
6oaje npaBa, Bee me HIIPXOAHTCH OTaaTb npeanoqTeHie KpHTHKi
,,Neue Dorptsche Zeitung", KaKt 6oate o60TOaTeJIbHOt .
HeJlb3a He SaMtTHTb, HTO apTHCThT 1866 rota, KaKb FopHup ,
Porajb I, a TaKse apTHCTU 1871 roaa, KaK 1 BepeHT'b, IIaIEb-
nlapb, FyTEpH, I)Oiycb cnJIb talieKo He 3aypHajHMH, HO 1
MM'b OKa3aJIHCb ProoJIeBCKie THHbl He IIO fleHy, HTO BlIpo1eM%
He yJaHBTeJlbHO: H Ha pyccKoft cieHt He Oco6eHHo MHOPO
apTHCTOBb, IHCnOJIHHIBUHIX'b HCHIIOJIHafK)IOlHX' ponJI B% ,,PenBo0pt"
BHIO.IHt 6e3yKopa3HeHHO, TaK% KaK% me Tpe6OBaTb 6e8ynpetHofi
HrpiI OT'b HOCTpaHleaB.?!
Ilocat 1871 roaa HIHKrora 60ojblIe He mi'paJH ,,PeBHHopa"
Ha HtMeqtofl cueHnt, He CMOTrH Ha TO, qTO 1% CeMHmjeCHTUIX%
Iro.ax H UOBHJICH [OJIHblf, HO He BnOJIHt TOqHbHI iiepeBnoA r-Ha
JIaHre, a B-b HaqaJ'r; 90-xar roIOBn% H3jtaaHb 6u:l'n caMuai jiyquni
nepeBsoa' r-Ha (IHnuiepa, ca1iaHHui 110 IIocJILAHeMy THxoHpa-
BOBCKOMy nl3AaHilO ,,PeBH8opa".



Ha acTroHCKo~ ciQeH' r. IOpheBa ,,PetH3opa" He AaBaajH.
npaBaa, Bs 90-xi, I'oAax-b XOTtJHI IHOCTaBHTL ero, HO peHaKTop'b-
HmaaTeJib BCTOHCKOt ra3eTbI OjieBHKb" i. rpeH1nUITetiH'b 3a6pa-
KOBan'b nepeBOj'b 1H iOCOB'hTOBaJ'b OTjIOnMTb lpelACTaBJieHie
AO IIOHIBJeHiJ Jlyqmiaro nepeBoula.
,,eKeHHTbL6a", B'b nepeBoAt r. JIyttrn (Luiga) iinoA'
3arJIaBieMb ,,Naise w0tmine", 6huiia nocTanBeHa Ha crIeHL o6ileTBa
,,Wauemuine" 1) ApeKTopOMb BmpooK [Wiera] 1 OKTa6pa


1) 3cT. 06ieCTBO ,,Wanemuine" [Wanemuine, BaHeMylHe -
Ha3BaHie 3CT. 6ora nlHi a H My3bIKH; o6necTBO ,,Wanemuine" 6bulO
aoJIroe BpeMs1 npenMyIneTBeHHO n11Bqe4KHM'I O6Iu0eCTBOM'b OCHOBaHO
B' 1865 roJy, HM'IeT'b Cl 1870 roAa co6cTBeHHoe noMBllAeHie H TtCHO


". 1 *'*i,














Ha IIpeAcTaBseH1i, JIacTBie qeio OT3blBa HH 0 1lbe1t, HH1 0
nepeBoxt, H11 06% H Cp HcnoJlHHTeaeft 1) e 6uno 2). rIo safl-


B ISaHO Cl HaIaTKaMH 3CTOHCOaIrO TeaTpa Bb r. IOpheBn. B% sa.rb
aTorO o6ileoTBa, BMtuIIaIoMNleMb 'IenOBt% 300, COCTOqnocb 24-ro ilOHH
1870 roAa nepBnoe OTOHCHOe npeAcTaBJIeHie, ycTpoeHHOO P. RIHOOHOMb
[Jannsen], peaRKTOPOMb seT. raa. ,Eesti Postimees"; Hina nbeca
KpHapa ,Der Vetter aus Bremen", nepeBne;eHHaa H pInp oco6JIeHH a
RKb SOT. 3H{HH ,,Saaremaa onupoeg" AOqepblO HaaBaHHaro pe aic-
Topa, JIH ielo SJHOeH', H3B'LCTHOIO B'H CT. JIHTepaTyp, nona nCeBAo-
HHMOMI ,Koidula" [eS nepy upHHaAIIe3HTrI TaHKme nepsaa opHIiIaJIbHasI
OCT. nbeca ,Maret ja Miina", IrpaHHaR Bb TOM'l s e rogy] ; HnOHrJIH-
TeHJIMH 6aIJIH CbIHOBb H RHOHcKa H OJaHHT TOBapHlb-cTyylAHIT%. Bb
1874 roiy 6b ia o6pasoBaH'b eOMHTeT', KOTOpbIf HIIHHHJICH 3a Ipa-
BHJIbHYIO IIOOTaHOBKy cIeIcTKeJIen, npH oeMb meHaIC poJIH He HOHnoI-
HSRJICb 6oJte MywKcHaMH. Bo rJaBt KOMHTeTa cTOsJIhs Ao 1890 roga
qoTorpai P. SaxEep% (R. Sachker), IOTOpbIf 6bIaI BMCTl Cb TtMrb
OAHHM'b H3'b nepBbIX%, a TaHIe OJHHMlb H3'% JIy'mIIUmX HCEno.HHTeJIefl.
C% 1874 no 1890 r. aaBaJIH HpeHMyiecTBeHHo iOMe AiH, PIpaMbI KaRi
Ha% SeT. KeH3eHt, TKaR H nepeBOAHbiSH; MeaCy IIOcJIrAHIHHMI 3HaaTCSI
Aame ,,MaroMe r" BonITapa H ,,BeHeliaHncOift ynegOI" LUe{nlHpa. Cb
1890 roaia nepemen~i TeaTpa b a pyTIC r. BHPbI (Wiera), (,eHb cno-
co6Haro My3bIKaHTa-caMoyIKH, IIOJIyIHBIIIarO HeOaaojiro nepeg'b TtMb
o0T sBIomaro HaIaJHCTBa pa3spmeHie jaBaTb caMoTos0TeJIbHO 9OT.
TeaTpaJIbHbIR npe oTaBJeHi. Yme BO BspeNI OMHTeTOETOIf 1tASTOJIbHOCTH
r. BHpa nocTaBHJITb HRCIO.nbIbO ILOec b 6% nIItHieMb [TaITm Haup., Ba
1878 r., ,IIpeOioy", Ba 1887 eDaTHHHIy" H Ap.], a Ge 1890 r. Ha-
ners oH II nO'T HCoIJIOYqTeJIHO Ha MeJIoJpaMbI, onepoTii H CapcbI
e% nrHieOM; B% ROH i XIX OTronJTi 6biua HCnonJHe H nI.OIn ynpa-
BJIOHieMb r-Ha BHpbi, eCJIe e ouiH6aioeb, Bb HrhCIOJIbIO COEpailoeHHOM
H ynpOITIeHHOMb BHz1 onepa ,,Ioc1Hrb B ErHnTI". Hcnoar[nTesriMH
nbeC' Ha SCT. HaI Iq HIBJIIOTCq JIIO6HTeJIH, nOCBaiaBIoIie CqeIHHecKoMy
HcOyceTBiy IHrm saOTb OBooro CBO6oAHarO BpeMeHH. MemAy TtMb KaKm
cpeIH OCTOHIeBB% 6blJIH H HMtIOTCH nporecCioHaJbHbIe TaJIaHTJIHBBIO
XYAOZHHEH, CIyJIbnTOpbl, MyabucaHTBI, nltB~bI, Ho CHX% nop asTa HaIiq
He BbIpa6oTaJa InpHgIAOHaro aRETepa B' HaCTORMemrbCl OMBlCJI STOF
cnoBa H BOe e0e AOBOJIbOTByeTca jO6HTeJIbTICKHMHE noaohac' Be0bMa
OJIa6bMH, npeACTaBJIOHiHMH. JIaTbIIIH H EHHHb, BOTyflHBIie OAHOBpe-
MeHHO 0' a TOHIaMH Ha TeaTpaJIbHoe nonpmige, OCeHb aajielo onepe-
nHJIH CBOHX'I cocgeftl Bb STOMT OTHOIImHiH.
1) Araqbi THXOHOBHa r-cma Mypy; ApiHHa IaHT. -mar
JIennHICE ; OBexa IHaHOBHa r-mia Coo; HoIcoJneeHHm n JIaacrb;
Iornlapes% r. HIyHa; RIIHHIrHa r. llTetfHepTM; AHy 'IqHH, -
r. JIenoIHHnIr ; BesaIHH' r. Mapexa; ],yHfIua r-xa IipHrHTTa:
CTapAKoits r. KaTJIHnrb; CTOnaHb r. fIaanb.
2) Cp. 3aaMTKy ras. ,Postimees" 1895 r. Bb 2 219.









35

aseuirO AHpeKTopa BHpu eme Ana paaa 6u5ia curpaHa ,, Ce-
HITL 6a". KoI a coCTOHJIHCb noBTopeHia, a TaK;Ke nf BHJICH
AJ KaKOai-HHIyfb OTSblBI IIOCJIl0 nOBTopeniH nbecu, a, K% coEa-
jitHilo, He MorI yHaaTL.
THM'b .a 3aKaHHBaIO CRofiR JOKJiaA'b. H3I Bbl JleKaaiaHHaro
BHIHO, ITO roro.00b IO6hBaji'i Ha BCtXi IIOTH CleHax%' ropoja
IOpheBa 1). IlpaBaa, b% pyccKHHX' CueKTaKJHiXH HCTHHHUXI SpeioBT%
Tanii H MeJInoMeHu 3aMtHHJI [nIopoa OqeHb yaqnHO] JiLO6HTejni
ApaMaTHnecKaro HCKycTBa, TaK% KaKI rr. fpitaxie aanpaacKie
apTHCThI, B'% Bity 6.Im3Karo 3HaKOMCTBa ly6jIHKH C0 IIpoM3Be-
AeHiate H roojna, a TaKwe BT% B3ly TpyAHOCTH xyAOMecTBeHHaro
HcnoJHHeHiH eroI KOMeAii, OHeHL ptL;KO 3aHocHJH Bb CBOu aq)HBIII
iMMI oroJIa; HO Haio HaAfHTbCI, ITO 4 yH3BepCHTeTCKiA ropoAJ
IOpbeBs' co BpeMeHeM' H1Oay1HTT CBOt4 nOCTOHHHuI pyCCKifl
TeaTp%, qtMI, 6yYeTr% o6aierqeHa 6Ooite 6e3yKopnuaHeHaHn, xyAome-
CTBeHHai uocTanoBKa IaaccCHeCKkx% HpoH3BeAeHitt pyccKOI4 Apa-
MaTHIecKOft J1TepaTypu!


I. 3MHrpOACIiA.














1) Ha 12 cueHaxb r. IOpbeBa 6bih HrpaHbI rpO3aBeAeHiq ForoJIS :
1) ,aOeHHTb6a" 11 pas3; OTpbIBKIH H3B ,ZKeHHHTb6bI" 1 pa3ab;
2) ,PeBH3op'" 9 pa3b; OTPbIKH H3'r ,PeBa3opa" 3 pa3a;
3) ,Tasm6a" 5 pa3b; 4) ,3anHCf i cyMacmeamaro" Bs OTpbiBKaxrb
- 3 paaa; KpOMrt Toro 6bIJIH 'HTaHbI OTpbIBKH H3a ,MepTBbIX% aym'b"
2 paaa.




















B. A. IylKO8CKid n H. B. roroJib B

ajaTHlCKOi ANTepaTypt.

MM. Fr.
ItyKoncKiif H rorOJIb Oqellb paaJiaM aro poAa JitaTeJI
pyccKoRi JiTepaTypu. OjHH'b 60aobmeol qaCTbhO lOT'b-llepe-
BOjLqHK', apyroR -- Bec caMo6blTHhlif nIHaTeilb; OAlHH' -
upeHMyJtecTBeHHO JiHpEaecKift IODT%, apyroft -- upeiiMyIrecT-
BeHHO ~lanHecKif nODT'b-nHIcaTeJi; OAHH'b CeHTHMeHHTaJIeHb,
ApyroIt K)MOpHCT'I; OAHIH% co6ipaeTa AparoqIHHIla xy1lo-
;KecTBeHHua COKpOBIiia H y pyr Ha pH, tro Ha POHHt;;
OAMH'H -- poMaHTHKi, Apyrof peanJICT, 1 TaK'L Aajite M0KHO
6wao 661u poAOjfaTh, HaMeKaa Ha paaiJMHhui xapaKTep- Hx'h
JIHTepaTypHofi AHTe:IhHOCTH4 Ha paa~wJiaH papoBasiq o06o0X'
jianepaTopoBn Ho KaKw paa3jiiHHt H He 6lJIH HX'. JHTepaTypHaP
atflTejIbHOCTb H I apoBaHiH, Bce-TaKH OHM o6a npecjitAoBaan
Ita;JI Bceo6iLaro o6pasoBani M OTeqecTBeHHaro upocB'tieHia,
OHH o6a miHH ino 6o0Jbuief qaCTH B' OAHO H TO a;e BpeMa,
6UJIH Apya3ha, CKOH'IajIHCb H npeKpaTlJMH OKOHqaTe.,HO CBO)8
j.ITepaTypHyio AtHTellbHOCTb B% OAHOM' H TOM'b% e roiy. Hx'b
i bH3H H JIHTepaTypHaa AtIaTejbHOCTb COBnallaiOTK' C, IiepioxonM
npeeMHHKOB-b CTeHAepa cTapiuaro aB- jaThmcKoit JIHTepaTypt.
B'b TOMo nepiofat naThuuicKie nucaTeJlH-noaTMb 3aHH1MMaHj 6o0b-
iueio qaCTbhO nepeBonaMH cL Apyrx-' H b61KOB%', c'L HtaMeiKarO,
4ppaHunycKaro, aHrniilcKaro, pyccKaro H T. A.









37

B%, XVIII, TaK% Ha3BaHHOM' (MHJOCO(CKOM'L B, BK, B TO
npeMs, Korea KypnJaHii 6una enme reporcTBOMi, HmiJ w casmift
BsAaaIoniific MyaK% Kyp:riH~ain, IacTop%, iipo6CT, HOBT,, npo-
(eccop%, yqeHblfl, rOTrapj (DpH1lpHpX% CTeHep%, BInocjIrAcTBiH
HasBaHHubf CTeHAepOM% cTapuJHM 3TOT% cJIaBHhIfA ~tTeJlb
jaTumIcKofl JiHTepaTypbu, 3TOT% nepBhlf HCTHHHhl] npocBtTHTeJb
jIaThIImef, oJIaTumHBIuifcHf elme B% TO BpeMH, KorAa jiaThlUI
HaxoAUnJIrb B' neqanbHOM% KptEIOCTHOM% COCTO9HiH, KOrPFa OHI
ipeACTasnBjanH jnib o IHO cocjosie naxapeft, CTeH/ep' BUICOKO-
upocBtineHHbti, AaJILHOBHAHb61, BeJiKifi My~'K, qeJIOBtK'b CH LH aO,
BiKcoKaro Ilyxa, OCTaBHJ% I nO cBoeft CMepTH Kl K'L CBOHM% AjTTIM'
H BHyKaM%, TaK' H CBOHMT TOBapHmuaM% cocnOCyKBLInaMr CBOH
3aBThiT: pa6oTaT n 38a60THTbICH 0o6 o6pasoBanHiH IIpocBtIIeHim
JIaTb1mel. H nocjIc CMepTRH TOro HaqHHaTeJ1a-yqpejHTeJUI iaTuhm-
CKOR HSHIIIHOI J iTepaTypu H oTeqecKaro npOCBtTHTeJia I aTumeIt,
MHOPie Ha CaMOMT% ,tjit CTapajncb IcnIOJIHHTb ero aaBtTh. 0
qeMn% CTeHAep'h y6tRTeJMHO upocHJII CBOHX% BHyKOB'I B% CTHXI :
A Bb, MOH Beceaeie BHyKH,
CaJayITe IIpHMIpy MoeMy
XOHTh no nyTH cnpaBeanHBOCTH
IJOCTOfIHO -,
TO OTHOCHJIH K' ce6t' H MHorie ero TOBapamt H cocJIy;aHBsu.
He TOJbKO ero ChiHn, loaHH'b AjeKcaHnp-, iiacTop%, npo6cT%
H no08T% cTapajic XOATb HO CTOnaM'b 3HaMeHHTaIo OTQja, CTaBlial
JAtHTeneeM%, JaThumICKOf JiHTepaTyphi, HO H MHorie Apyrie cnjifo-
BaIH npnHMpy CTeHAepa cTapmaro. HlKorAa nH paHbHie, HH
no3me eme He BoiapHJia'c TaKas cepbea3as, peBHocTHaa Ata-
TeAJHOCTb B' 06OaCTT JiaThlTmCKOfl CJIOBeCHOCTH, KaKI nOCJ'f
CMepTH CTeHnepa cTapmaro. Ho CUlH' ero, HaSBaHHfhI CTeHAe-
pOM'% MjnaAuBmHb, He 6bIJI' TaK% CHJieH'b AyXOMh, KaK% OTeIqh.
MeemAy TtM' KaKa BejHKift, 6iaropoaHblft OTeT%, CTapaicb o6pa-
30BaTb, npocBtmaTh JiaThlmefi, caM% cjJiaiaca aJIaThIeM%, oJIaTu-
mIIHJICI, ChJH%, BtpoSITHO B'% OTqaIHiH OT'b TpyAHarO, neqajh-
Haro noJIOMeHiH JiaTummefl, HaMtpeH% 6hi OH'MeqHTh JlaThlmefl.
CTeHAep% MjnauAmi s BUICKa3sBaeT% ;KeJraHie, MTO6hl HaKOHei% BO









38

BceCt KypHylHAil, H JiAJISlHtiuH 6hlJ'b TOJIbKO OjtMH% HapoAL, OAIi;H
sfauKs nM OAHO eAlHCTBeHHOe no6yx;tteHie K'b qeCTHOfI IHiSHH.
JIHnuIL nOCpetaCTBOM, HtIMeLKaro SIRhKa MoryT', AecKaTL, jiaTbllH
.ierqe AOCTHrHyTL o6pa3oBanHi yMa. IHOTOMy on-, ycep;mo no-
6ynKtaeT%, qTo6bu JiaTwiH 8yqayaJn HtMenKifi Ha3SK'b. OH1
yKaSblBaeT% Ha nipyccKift Hapoxn,, KOTopbuli, CJIHBIIICb C(b H1M-
IaMH, HaKOHeIIT OCHOBaJIt 6oJlbiioe KopoJeeBCTBo, HOCilr,[ee ero
HaaBaHie: ,,IJpyccKoe" KopojieBCTBo. HTalib, CTeHnepb MJMaAlliif
BLIcTynaeTb ilepBhIMb repMaHH3aTopOMb JaThluueft. Ho c'b BTM%
B3% TO BpeMl HHKTO He cori'amajica. Hao6opOT', 3)Jb6eposenbA,,
To;ie nacTop', npo6cTb, JiaTJumcKiti nHcaTejib-tpaMa'rypPrb, MyiKecT-
BeHHO COIIPOTMBJIHJICH STHMM B3PIJIHAaMb. OH'b COmaJI'eT%, 'TO
chII' Myaia, KOTOpIufI CBOHM HHeHiMH jCOJHeHiMH JIia'rTIuaM' 6ojrl;e
BIuCOKy0) KyJiLTypy, pa3BHJI'b JIaTbIICKi fl S3baK, qTO C61H% aTOIr
My7Ka coB';TyeT'b JIaT61HCKyOMy Hapoiy 6pOCMTb H sma6UlTb cno
as3UIKb H o6paTHTLCe Ba' HtMIueBs. KorAa B~ 1815 roAty
ocHoBajocL IKypjHHHACKOe 06tOeTBo JIHTepaTyphiu HCKyccTBa,
TorPia HaqlHanJI' H TyT% peBHOCTHO roBOpRTb, cyaITb: OHi;-
MeqHTb JIIH jyquie JiaTiReiif, H RH aa60THTbCa o06 HX'a paB:3TiK,
He Kacaacb AHXa HagiOHaJLHOcTH. H TyT' CMt'Jflfl DJib6ep-
neJIb LAMI Bnca ycepaHbiMb saluHTHHKOM'b JaTmblefl. Kro y
jUTbima OTHHMaeTL, 3SbIK'b, OH1 POBOpHAJb, TOT'b noxHiiaeTn, H
ero oco6ufiJ ayxt H cyIuecTBo. Jlpyroft pasa oHn BsrcKaSancaC,
HTO n]pHi6aj TifcKOM'b Kpat HtMaMta cJIt'lyeT'L 'OBopIMT
OKopte no-JnaTbHmcKH, bM' aTh iUaMha no-HnMeCIKH.
OnJ6epBeabaL B'b CBOHXIb JIaTUIIICKHX'b IpoHnBeeHiSIax% sa;ta-
naJca wJIHIb LtJibto: pa3BsHaTb H o6paliaTL naTuiThhlCKylO o6imeT-
BenHyIo iEH8Hb, jIOCTaBHTb JiaThllIuaM xopomee nojesnoe 3aHsTie,
T. e. OH% 3aHHMaJICHM oCTeTHIqecKHM'L BOClHTaHieM' HapoAa.
9JL6epnBejibA 6hujnb MHorocTopOHHe-o6pa30BaHHifl q1 e:IOBK',;
OHWh OCHOBaTeJbHO 3aHHMaCJIc ()nJIOCO)1ieto, CHaqaJIa npn-
MhIKan I K RaHTy, a nOTOM'% K HaTyp)nAjiocotfiH. BMtCT'I
C'% CB'tTJnIIMb, OCTphIM' yMOM'b, C'hb yxOM'b HCJItbAoBaTeJIa
1 CIIOco6HOCTbIO upaBHjihHaro cyHtleHnia, OH, o6jataaJ t rAjy-
60OKMMn CMJILHIM'I, qyBCTBOM%,, COqyCTraieM, K'1 6AM;IHeMy,








39

cepAe'ioio Jio6oiniOUb Kti OTeoecTBy H oco6emio ,)HepI'HHblM'b
HiAeaIH3MOM'L.
Y rpecKOR' cyniecTByeTr cKasanie, HTO HX'% n10oT% roMepl
6un, catinon, a y niaTblIume He cKa3aHie, HO RtfiCTBHTeJILHOCTb,
ITO OAHH'l M3' HX% nepBsux- IIOBTOBs, nplpotHblft JIaTUlmI,
6UJI'L na caMOMT, AJItm cajiiio. aTo Neredzigais (cjianon)
HHJIpHKHC,'. BT, TO BpeMR nBaThbllH ente He HM nIH aMHJifi,
ITrawK HaBuBajica HHLHapK4C'b HJIH no (jn3qeIeKOMy HeAOCTaTKy
Noredzigais (catlrioIl) IHapHpanc Hm noO yca;ht6' Elkalejas, Bb
KOTopofl OHi, mHaMnl, Elkalejas Indrikis. 3jib6epBelbA%, IacTop'b
ero ipnxoAa, y6tjnsui ai~c, qTO HHIApnKHC' Ma[ajib[HK C'b Aapo-
BaHiMMn, sa6OTIcJlCH BMcCTt CO CBOHM% KIOCTepOMb, TOMKe nIIOTOM%
-nJaTblmIeM%, AHAuxeHO, o ero o6pa3OBaHir, aaniHcajal n ony6nUKO-
Banrb CTHXOTBOpeHia HujApnKca Bb oco6eHHOMM% c6opaHKt B' 1806
iropy. Korta, 61aroAapa cTapaHiaM%, aRocTojia CBO6ALI JiaTm1Iefi,
Fapa 6a MepKeifH, MHJiocepblbfi H BejHKOa ymHh1l HMnepaTopb
AneKcaHaup' I ocBo60ominn naThumeif OT'b KptnOCTHOrO COCTOJIHiI
(B' KypuiHnain l B 1817 r., Bs JIHtIJIHHinA B' 1819 r.), TO
CJUIIOfL HHaLpHKHC'b BOCItBaJIBb MHOrOKpaTHO BTO At0I OCBO6Om-
jeHifi H CTaaT, TaKHM% o6pa3oMb, lnepBblMb II09TOM'L CBO6OAlI.
Brb CyIAbL61 aToro rIoTa, MOKHO CKa3aTb, CHMBOJIHeCKHi OTpa-
maeTca cyahba Bcero TorAaniHaro naThluICKaro HapoAa: Kant'
CJlte[o HA1HPpHKA4C% H3'b CBOein dMP3HseCKOi TeMHOThl CJItlOTLb
l[OHanHJICa Bb 6fJIeCTflUif CBtT'b U083i8n, TaKrb me ,JaThbIlCKifl Ha-
poA' nioc:It jionrofi HOqH KptInOCTHorO COCTOHHiSH npo6H.iICS Kb
yTpy CBo6oA0U H pa3BTia. XOTqH KH3Hb jaThIUICKarO HapoAa
Torpla 66bua 6$AHHa, TeMHa H IIeqaaJbHa, TtM' He MeHte OH%
61uJI HapOAb C%' aapOBaHiHMH, KOTOpuhl Hnpl CBOeMr pa3BHTiI4
o6t'laJui MHorO npeKpacHaro H noroaioii0aro 6ojihliiH HaAeaeAu.
TaK% KaK' JIaThlHIH InoJyqn JI TOJIhKO ,IHqHYo CBOS0ly 6e3'b
3seMm i KaoK0o-6h TO HH f6huo ApyroTf Co6cTBeHHOCT1 H JIH 1IeHuL
6uain paBa nepecejeHiS B'T Apyryio BOJIOCTL, a H IoaaBHO B'b
jpyrofi y'L3Ab JI H ry6epHifO, TO mX% nHOJIaeHie eiIe 3HaqHTeabHO
yxyan~laocb n 6apmlHHa npoAoJimajacb aKa H npeiae. He
HMt' 3BeMJH 4 HHKaKOPO aBIMKHMarO HMyLtecTBa, ocBo60omteHHue,
3*


'*U'-.eA








40

6CiBlmie Bt KpaI4Hefi 61AHOCTH, JIaThlUH HaXOAHJIHCb Tenlepb [IOqTH
B% 60oJte neqanibHOM% IOJIO;KeHil, TqM'% AtTH WlpanJla un saRn-
JIOHCKOM u.nAHy. Yc.oOBia CyleCTBOBaHiH H1paHJIbTHHp % aaJH
UM'b no OpaIHei Mtpt Aocyr'b CKOp6tTb, TaKb qTO OHH MOIJIH
CHlJaTb y BaBI4JOHCK1Xt ptK% 14 BtimaThb CBO4 1'ycJHi Ha BIJ 14
TOJnLO, KoAJa 1HXb npliplnaaman : nofi MHI HtCHIO 06% HI8pan t!
OHI4 OTBqaJIi4: KaKI MHt IITT [ItCHLO 06'% H3pai4J Ha 'y1K-
6iHB; HO aaThIllH 66lJIH Teueph ymKie, ronI aH Hare no KpabfHen
6tAHocTH B% HX% Co6CTBeHHOI4, IKOPAt-TO BOOM% HM1S TiaKb% e,
KaKaH AtTfM% aIpaH na, IloAapeHHOii CTpaHt, N tM'b 6hIO HeKorgai
jame EIXb rycJIa kokles -- BtUIiaTb Ha Ty6 H IIHBJ y ptKHb
OirX pOAHHbI H 6e3MaMoBHO CKOp6tTb o HIX cyAb6t; HtT%, OHH
AOamJHm 6uh nH TenepB c % JIonaTKO[O B% pyKt CHOBa 3aBoe8BUBaTb
HX' co6cTBeHHyIO 3eM8MJlO o PJIhI6aM, ao6ulTb ee HI6TOMM' H
KpOBshM, H ntTb CUpOTCKia ItCHH B'b XIX% p0OAHO cTpatH OJieKo
HeBOJIeio. Ho M0JIocepAblu Bor% nIX% He OCTaBHJI'b B% 6esoTpaA-
HOM% rInojomeHiH, oHL ,aaji% HM1 aap% n[tcHH. B% CBOHX%'
AaiHHax'L OHH HSJIHB3JI CBO qyacBCTBa H1XOA HJIH BT TOM'b
yTIbmeHie:
Cyponhe rocnoja, CTopoma
He aa[OT% cBoeBpeMeHHO OTAblxa;
Cntuil, COrIHuhlKO, cKopte K1 Bory,
HcnoIHOun HaM% CBHTOI Beqepb!
-- TaK% MOJIHTCH BO BpeM1 6apn HHla B8a CBOef HyMJAI1 JiaTUlal%,
o6paluaacb Kta CBOIHM~n ApeBHHM% 6oraM%.
Bb 9TO TpyaHoe njjm JaThIet BpeMsa ;EauH MKyKOBCKilf n
Porojh, B' O9TO TpyAHOe BpeMa upo1joanmaIb IrpocB'tueHie ja-
T~mefl MeM7ly npou0qMH HuoeT, nacTop' FryreH6eprep%, ocHOBa-
TeJIhHO 3HaBmifi pyccdKif HBIK'T, qTO AaBanoj eMy B03MOmHOCTb
xopoimo iIOHHMaTb noI0aio JepmEaBHa H nepeBoIAHTb Ha aaTJIu-
CKift aShlKab 6acHH KpuJioBa. Bce-TaKH, CKOJIbKO MHt HBB(tCTHO,
ryreH6eprep% HHMero He nepeBoaoAnib 3a% conIHHeHial iMyKOBCKaro
H ForoaJ. 'tMb 9TO o06,CHHTb?
OTIOCHTTeJrbHO ;KyKOBCKarO MOMHO OTBtTHTL, HTO 3a
MCKJIHIOqeieM% ero He oqeHb MHOrOqHCJleHHUax% opH'MHajiOB'b Tt








41

UOBTUb-nHcaTeJnH, KOTOphXX% OH'% lepeBnoAHJIb Ha pyCCKilt Ha[KT,,
6u in ryreH6eprepy He MeHte I HSBCTHU, KaK'b KyKO0CKOMy.
HO KacaTeJIbHo Foroan, c'b Hnaqaja AO KOHNia opHrHHabHarobH
ilHcaTeJI, DTO o6%a6HeHie He lpHMtHIHMo. CJItAOBaTeJIbHo, Mbl
cnpaBseajHBo YyjAHRHIeMc H cupaulHBaeM%: qtMb me DTO o6iHC-
IHTb? HoweMy PyreH6eprep-%, 6yjqly xopouiHMb 3HaTOKOM-b
pyccKaro SaauKa M 6mTa, He o6paTsrni cBoero BHHMaHi, KpoMt
AepmKasBHa H Kpubjoaa, M Ha ororon ?
MomeeT% 6ubTb, UOCJaymnHT% HaM% OTBtTOM% 3AtCb TO
o6cToHTeJIbCTBO, 'TO pyCCKia KHHrH, KOTOPhl HaM'b H IerOAHH
AamKe 3,8ICb B'b yHH4BepcHTeTCKOM% ropoitt HHorAa eABa-jiH jo-
CTyfnHh, BO BpenMa nepBOf nOJIOBMHHa XIX BtKa BIpOaTHO 6uJIH1
npocTO HeAOCTynHhl. Mo;KeT-c i 6 bTb, WTO ryreH6eprepb nepe-
BoAia coiHHeHift rrOJ H He CqHTa'L% I nojie38HM'L Aj qHTaromele
jaTuEnicKofo nyIfHKH Toro BpeMeHH. HaKoHeIAb, Ha;JO OTM'iTHTb
H TO, TO rOOJIb, KaK% H30o6pa3HTeJIb OTpHoIaTeJbHhIX'b THHOBb,
MaJio npHHaBasaca coBpeMeHHHKaMH, o qeM' OH' caM'b CHOO
roBopHT'b B'b HalaJIt ceAbMOif rPJIaB I qaCTH MepTBhlX% ;yml'b.
Ho TaK' HaJI HHaqe, -- TO 4)aKT', ITO BO BpeMS m2HI3HH
H nHTepaTypHOIf At~TejibHOCTI4 lTecTByeMblux IIoTOBh-nHcaTeJlefl
HHqerO H3'b HXb COqIHeHif He IIOHBMJIOCb B'b alaThUlCKOf
JnTepaTypt.
He CMOTpa Ha BCt 8aTpyaHHTeJbHULH o6CTOHITeJIbCTBa, Bce-
TaKH ,AOBOJIbHO CKopo nOCJIt cMepTH JIyKOBCKarO, erie Ao mecTH-
jieCaTbIX P0 roAOB'o noHBIH4JHC HtKOTOphle HepeBoA. ero COqn-
HeHif Ha niaTblICKOM'% I8hIKt. ECTeCTBeHHO, npeme scero 6huri
nepeBeAeHn% HapoAHbIft PHMHI', ,,HapolHaa ntcHa" : BozKe IIapa
xpaHH (Dievs sargi Keizaru). JIauim B% nOCJItiaHHX' Tpex'
tecaTHJItTiaxL upouleamaro XIX BtKa, BO BpeMH nepioAa Hauio-
HaJIHSMa B'b JiaTbIllCKOI JIHTepaTypt, HaH4HaIOT'L Uame IIOHB-
JIHtTbca nepeBoAu nponHsBejeHii KaK% Boo6mne pyccKHXb HOTOB%-
uncaTejiel, TaK% H LKyKOBCKaPO H Forojia B% qaCTHOCTH.
1. HaB ;KyKOBcKaro .70 CHX'b nop% nepeseeeHo UmecTb
upoH3BeAeHnif, Inp qeMn MelKAY HHMH BCTptqalOTCHa eTupe H8,I
caMujXb 'Iyqmiinx H H 3aMhtqaTeJlHhlX% IOBt'CTBOBaTeJlbHIhjX nipo-








42

l- n3Reenia, coAep;Kanlnxb, KamKl rP0opHTCa, 1oa1si0to nipoat,
a nMeHilo: 1) ,,Tpn cecTpu. BnHtHie MnHBanu", 2)
,,MapbHHa poma. CTapHHboe ipeAaHie", 3) ,,KJ Ha[eaxtt" H
4) ,,KTo HCTHHHO jO6pult H CmeaCTJIHBII qejIOB'bJ'K?"
IIpHHHMaII B'h coo6pameHie, HTO MHOPOe, HMeHHO 1M3% CO-
qMHeHilf HtMegKHX% 110TTOBb-IlHcaTeJlefi, Halnp., n18 Illminjepa,
reTe, Bioprepa, re6easj, YiaHaa H ApyrHx'L, H8.b KOTopux H1
HI{yrKoBKift Mepnuan, nepeBeAeHo Ha naTullmcKift H.s9K; ante
pnHHHMaS BO BHManHie, HTO a OAuIcceS FoMepa jaae ABa paaa
nepene~eHa Ha JaTulicKiIt H3biK'% OHH1% pash1 c% rpewecKaro,
Apyroif C0 HtMerKaro HaSalKa -, Ha3io lpIp3HaThbCH, qTO aO
CHX%6 nopI HMI[OTCH yme JEB' t TpeTH 18'b Bcero CyKoBnctaro Ha
JiaTbIICKOMi0b 83MK1t.
2. 06paiuaa TenepL Hamlie BHHMaHie Ha H. B. ForonH,
cnJIOmlb OpHPHHI bHPHaPO UIcaTeJIH, MLI TOme y6t)Leae;eMCH o
BeJIHKOMb BJilHiH O ero opnrPHHrabHaro reHia 1 Ha jaThllm-
cayro JHTepaTypy. Poronb MMeHHO IepBubn AaJ J aTimhicKOfl
noOB cTBOBaTeJIbHuo JaHTepaTypt TeiepemHee peanifcTMiecKoe
HanpaBJieHie. m3b' BCtx% ero ea3CMepTHbx'b coqHHeHifi AO
CHX'b nopi yme 6oJbme Jayx'b TpeTe$f nepesefeHo, ir MeKAy
HHMH BCTptIalOTCa TpH 38% caiMIXb nyqJIlX'b % reHia ILHbX'L
coMHHeHif JTOOr aBTopa, HMeHHO: ,,PeBIBHop", ,,Tapac, ByJs6a"
M ,,Inoxo;tiPenia HIHKOBa HAH MepTBuIa i ayu". ,,HoaMa
,,MepTBua aymn" niepeneAeHa Bt3ayncoM%, ,,PeBm3op' lepe-
BejeHe HIH. AjyHaHOMrm n ,Tapac Bynh6a" Bb nepBmLii pa3s
iiepeBnexAeH TpeflnaHJoM-l BpB3eMHwKOMi xopoIIo 8HaIOIRiHM%
pyccKifl 6bhlT'. OH%' H 138jIaJI' Ha JiaTLIIIIcKOM'b HblIK' H83He-
oiincaHia HtKOTopuxb BulJHatomIIXCH pycc~IHnx u1caTealell, Haip.,
JloMoocoCBa H ApyrHXt. Ba;MHIt]RHM COHHHeHiHMWb nOCBHllmmeHbl
Hn nropo6HU pegeeH3iM. MHoria coMHHeHiS nepeBeAeHbI HliCKOJibKO
pa3b, TaKI% rTO 1Ha8 15 iepeBeAeHHbHXr OTAtJIbHhlX% COHHHeHil
cocTaRnJIHOTc 26 nepeBOAOBr,.
HaqgiHaH c% mrecTHAecHThlX% r'OAOB% H OC06eHHO c 110-
cjniaHeft qeTBepTH upouinaro XIX B3IKa AO HacToalitaro BpeMeHH,
s I nepenoAtt co 'HeHiti IyKOBCKaro H0 ForoJIR yqacrBOBaJIH








43

MHorie naTUnicKie raaeT6i, mtypHaJu, KaJaeHJapH, jrlTepaTypHue
C6OpHIKH H OTJfIbHua H3maHil :
1) E;meJiHeBH.fl raseThl: Baltijas VYstnesis (Baji-
TiicKiA B'BCTHHKW) B13 1882, 1883, 1884 H 1894 rr.; Deenas
Lapa (EteAHeBHfi JIHcTOK'h) BT 1901 r.
2) E eHe, r l b H h iu raa eT L : Baltijas Vostnesis (Bair-
TiAicKif B'iecTHFMKn ) Bb 1869 r.; Baltijas Zemkopis (BanITifcKift
Cen LcKif Xo3n1HI) B'i CeoeMi npjnomKenii (Peelikums), B'a 1880
H 1884 r.: Balss (PoJono ) Bn, CBOeWM ()eJbeTOH', Bw 1889,
1891, 1894 n 1896 rr.; Latveetis (JIaTmnL,) s13 1895, 1896
H 1899 rr.
3) HJJlIocTpHpoBaHHuue e;ieHeA, bhIIHe HaynHO-
JlHTepaTypHne emypHaaw: Pagalms (,Boph) B3 1881 r.;
Rota (Y6op,) B7, 1886 r.
4) IM.nIocTpHpoBaninHb emeMtcaqHHtih HaynHO-
A HTepaTyp1nufl Atypanaji: Austrums (BocTroK') B'3 1891 I'.
5) Beeo 6 mii Kaneniaapb (VispArigs Kalendars) Bn
1892 r.
6) C6opHHKH j~MTepaTypHhX'L Ipon3BeAeHift:
Dzeesmu kronis (B'HOK -, ieceH' 10. IlayHHTa) B, 1858 r.;
Dzeesminas (CTnxoTBopeHiS K). AjiyHaHa) a, 1856 r.
7) HaKOHei%, B'L OTAJIJlbHhIX' H na8 HiHax noaSIBHnJIcL
Ha JIaTlmcKOM' H3I3Kt CcouqIHHiHe rorojia, a HMeHHO: ,,PeBH3op%"
(B, 1871 r.), ,,Tapacu Byji 6a" (13 1877 H 1896 rr.),
,,CTpamiHai MeeTh" (Bs% 1880 r.), ,,KeHrHTb6a" (Bs 1894 r.),
,,Hoc," (BR 1897 r.), ,,MepTBLsu Ayuifn" (s13 1898 r.) H ,,Bit"
(Bs 1902 r.).
XOTH BT% TO BpeMnI, T. e., BO BTOpofA noHOBIHt XIX BtKa,
MemKJAy JlaTlRumcKHMH JlTepaTpaaMH B036ymKjieHo 6ubo cTpeMieHie K'
natioHaJIbHOAf, caMOCTOITeJ1bHOIR iaThlmIKOif JiTepaTypt, Bce-TaKi
- HaAo iIpH3HaTbca KaK% pai Ba% 9TOT' nepioa%, KaK'
Mul TOJIbKO 'TO B JtJIH H y6tAJaeHCb, pUOM'b C'b ETHM'b H B03-
Mo0HO L6JIO clatiaTh CTOJlb MHOPOMHnIeHHhIe iiepeBOAL H3'h co-
q4HeHill KaK'- MHOPHX% Apyrx' 3HHaMeHHTUX% pyccKHX' nIOTOBb-
incaTe[eifl, TaKi H 8.HitUb HrMM qecTByeMhux,.









44

IRaKoe pawimie MeMAy HHMH --X ~KyKOBCKHUb, BeJIHnHAr,
o6pa.OBaHHhIuM9, CeHTHMeHTaJlbHbUMb TOJIKOBaTeJeMb IIHOCTpaHHLTX'L
Xy1OKXeCTReHHhIX'b npOMIBeJeHii4, H rOPoJneML, BejimKHmb, HpoHm1na-
TeJnbHhFlrb, 4OMOPHCTHMqCKHML mo6paaHTeaew% pyccKoIR 2H8H3I! H
TtbL He MeHte o6a 0H1 pajttJIaflOT% 6eacMepTHylo caaBy Bu1Aato-
11111xcrr jltfTeJiek Bb o6uaCTf 1108114, T. e. 110 Perejito, COBOKyI-
HOCTH-~iJltHOCTI MCKyCCTB'b; o6a OHH nOmepTBOBaJH1 CBO04
jlyqflifl, TaJiaHTJIHRSIH, reHiajibHuH CIIJIEh OTeOMCTOOHHOMY paq-
HBTiIO 1 IIPOCBtIleHilO.


.q. JIayTeH6ax-L.






















Foroib N NyMkNHa.


SjIRa 1yAHuxb peisi, ABa BeJH4KliX% HOF3Ta 6iirnM HHcnoci1HhI
cyAL6olO Ha PYCCKY[O 3eMlno. BOCLtIJIHo0mu O.14 1 APYrOrO BT
CBOI'Ix IIODTH4eCKmXb comaaHiirx%, OHM nHUM R1 JI4TepaTypHO-11o1Tll-
4ecKoA1 Aoporf, CBli3aHHLie o61gtiMn KHTepecaM11 H[IpoMuoio jpyx-
6o1f. O.IUIH% ,,MHMO XaPaKTePOB3% eKyqHhlX%, HPOTHBHbIX%,
nopawaiomiixrb ue'ajibHOIO cIoelo .1d;fCTBllTeJlbHOCTbIO, 1pI46JIHIxa-
eTCHq Kh xapaKTepaMb, iBJIHIlO1LMHM% blCOKOe AOCTONHCTBO tejlOB'hKa"c;
AP3ToA ,sBl36IBaeTL Hapy;y BCe, ITO ejKeMMHYTHIO 11pe.% olam!4,
H qero He 83iITL paBHOjILIIH6hl OLH, 7- BCIO CTpalHHYl0, [IOTpH-
caiouiyio THHY MeaOxefl, OHlyTa8hIIl4X% HaLIly MKI43Hh, BCIO r'a1y61HY
XOJIOAHwX'b, pa3jtpo6JleHHWlX%, HOLceAHeBHHUX% xapaKTepOBb, Ito-
TOPhIMI KRIIHIHTb Hamia SeMHaiI, 1IOJqwaC'b rOhbKaH 14 CKyqnaln
Aopora". 1)
OT14 reHii4 --- yMKHHb 14 rOP'OAb.
B% 1108811 OAHOIO MW! BHAUIMb BeJ1nafinIif xy}1o,,KeCT1eHHhi4
C1-TeBT pyCCKOA MICJIH, pyccitaro caMOCo0HaH1H; rorojnh-,e
HB4jICff Aim5 alaJ43a pyCCKIRo 7KM8HH, R Cm, rJy6omlo ato60BbIO
K% Heif, HO H Cu 60bH0 3 B% cepijt, ,,CKBo3L BMHJ1Hb1 Mipy CMIX%
H HempImwaSI, HeBtJOMbJH e~y caeni!", om1paR ,,BCK) rp0om1RHO
HecyIuYocSI xm14Hb"l 2), cosepmiiani CBoLo aHaTOMHqeCKYlO pa6oTy,
OBBOAR Bb nepnbii co;atianh KaPTHLIJ 18%' [pe3p'hHHOll KM8HH.


1) CoINH. PoroJrsr MA~. X. THXOHPaBOBa III. 130.
2) Ibid.




I '





46

Ho ,paBHo ylAHbl CTeKJa, o3wpaiomisa COnJHL H nepeAatomgia
,f BHieHiH He3aMteBHhilX% HactKOMhlX%'" 1). PaBHO BeJIKHI H o6a
oa0Ta Bb CBOIIX% co3aAaHiaxt. CoeAlHHMBUIICb BMICTA, OHin aJaIH
Hnaano TOMy senaJKOMy nHTepaTypHOMy TeqeHirO, Ha KOTopOM' H
Ao CMX niiop% jemaIHTL neqaTb 1Xi reHia.
IIoSBOJibTe-Ke MH'I Ha ceroJiaHiiiHelif HOMHK't AH CMepTM
BejIaKaro oaTa OCTaHOBMTb Bame upocBtILeHHoe BHHMaHie Ha
OJHOM% MHb3 CBtTJIhX% MOMeHTOB% ero xIKHHH Ha nopt c6Om-
KeHia ero c% IlynlKIHhIM'L M Ha BaaiMHlux' OTHOleHiHX'b 060HX'1
IIOaTOBTh.
B- iiOHt 1828 roita ForoJI oKanHHBaeTT Kypc'b anHiea,
Ha IMKOJIbHOIf CKaMbt KOToparo 1ipoBean, oam ceMb JlIT'b. Eune
c% AlTCTBa, KorAa CBepcTHHKH ero IlyMajH 06rb mrpax%, ,,c caMUbXa
JI'tT% IIOqTH HelOHHMaHiH", FOFOJib ,,uIIaMeHtJl% HeyrIacHMOmO
peBHOCTblo CAJiTaTb EH3Hb CBOlK HymHOHO aJIa 6aiara rocy-
;apCTBa". 2)
nTH MeqTs ToJ KaiOTrb ero Bb IieTep6yprr'; caiymiGa TaM.
IlpejIaTaBJIHseTC ero Boo6pameHiio B'i, CaMOM% nplBJeKaTeanbOM%
CBtTt. ,,Ho MbiCjb o IIncaTeJIbCTB eMy HHKorA1a He UBCOAMIia
Ha yM%,XOTH eMy Kaaaiocb, HTO OHL CAt JiaeTcH eOJIOBOBKOM% M3-
BtCTHaM%', HTO ero omKAaeTr, npOCTOpHblR Kpyrl, AtATCTBifI, H
'TO OHnh cAtjiaeTT Aaae qTO-TO AJIi o6uilaro Ao6pa. H AyMaajn
lpOCTO, rOBOpHTb ForOjib, xTO H BnhCJ1yyCb H BCe TO BOCTaBIHT%
MuIt ciy;K6a rocyAapcTBeHHsa. OT% aToro CTpaCTL cJIymKITL 6uJia
y MeHa BTb 1OHOCTH oqeHL cMJIbHa". 3) B' To-Me BpeMSJ asaaa
3HaTh yiMy 'eJiOBtKa TOMwMia H1oaTa OT% jijief ero itTrCTBa M
IOHOCTH, KorAa HH4TO He ycKOJLb3aaO OT, CB'L;iaro, TOHKaFO ero
BHHMaHiH, KOlAa Bce, HTO TOJILKO HOCHJIO Hia ce6t; HaneqaTjltHie
KaKoi-HO6yAb saMtTHwo oco6eHIocTIT, nce ocTaHaBjIaaJio ero H
inopamanos", Korpa OH% ynoCIIJIC MbiCJleHHO B% 6'tl;HylK KIHHb
o6hlIHbX'L Jl oAe]l, cjyqaiRHO HIIOXOJAHBIH4Xll MMMO Hero. Be,3'


1) Ibid.
2) IIIeHpoK'. IHCbMa I. 89.
3) roronb IV. 247.









47

8anaca cKOjbKO-HHnyAb OCHOBaTeibHblXb% Ho3HaHif B n HayKaxtr
aHBHjca Froonb B' IleTep6yprh, IIpHBe3H C% co6olo TOT% pIAKif
Aap'b Ha6JHOilaTejihHoCTH H IIpounKHoBeHin BI cep;ule qejiosaKa,
Aap' ucnxojorplqecKai'o aHaanua, TaK'b HpKO BblCTyinaoiultaro B'L
ero TBopeiaxx'b, Aa unaMeHHyiO JII06oBb Ki OTqIH3H, jula 6 iara
KOTOpOnI OH'o pBajIC npnIHeCTH Bb% epTBy BCIO CBOIO 2KHMHb. HO
aMKHHb Bs IIeTep6yprIe na IepBAux- nopax% ,,B38PJIHyJia Ha ForojiqH
HaKT-TO KHCJIO -- HelipilOTHO, CKBO3L KaKOe-TO 3aHeceHHOe CHtPOM1'
OKHO". C' IiepBbuxi-;Ke uAeft CTajnH upeCJitAOBaTb ero Heyjaqt4
i pa30oapoBaHiH : iHTeflcKa nHposa, THHn o06h]ieHHOfi WHSHH, KaH-
1eJiapin m Ae[nap)TaMeHTb, BT KOTOpUX%, 110 ero cJaoBami,, ,,6e3-
njioAHO M3AepasHBaeTCH ~ KH13HL qeJIOB'Ka" Bee 8TO paspyimano
ero MHeajIu, ero MeqTbw o TpaHt CeacTa H I ~o06Haro Tpyaa. .
Bu cTpo CMt'bHIOTCa Hatemabi pasoqapoBaHieMi, M TOJILKO yB'tpeH-
HOCTh BT CBOeM'b BhlCOKOM% npIla3BaHiH ClaCaeT, tlOBTa OTrb oTqa-
nfHi. 1o BpeMeHnaM' MyquTejbHoe AymeeBHoe cocTOHHie AOXOAHT'r
Ao HeBtpoHrTH0of CTeneHH Hanpa;eHni, 11 HaKOHe1ib CTOHL Ha6OJlTfB-
ulei Aynin aaBepuiaeTcT CTpaHHOf II3otAKo1f sa rpaHinAy, BecbMa
HenrpoAoa;mtTeJabHonI, HO B% iICHXOJlorP4RecKOM'b OTHOIleHim AOCTOfinHO
BHHMaHij1.
Cpeal OToro AjymeBHaaro rHeTa, cpeAn McCaHil cBoero iteaja,
cpeAH HeyjiaqHaux cTpeM:eHnit o3HaquTL CBOe cyllecTBOBaHie
B-b Miptl, ForoJb IIo3HaKOMHJiica C'L IlymIKKHHlUML ~1 iionaJ BT,
cpeiy jysqinx'b JITepaTypHuLX% CMHI' TorO BpeMeHI. Tro 6u1iLt
1830 roA%.
3anaculHCl peKoMeHAaTejibHlM' IIHCbMOM'b, ForOJIb, y"Ke
s3B'aCTHb1I O CBOeMy yqaCTilO Br% ,,OTeeCTBeHlReax% 3SautcKaxl"
1 ,JIHTepaTypHoA Fra8eTt", HBHJCH K'b AIyKOBCKOMy, KOTOphEf
,,noAajna eMy pyKy H Tam, HIcnoJIHHjniCI JKeaHieM'b IIOMOMqb 6yAymeMy
cnioABMiHHKyy. H 6huJn 6jiarocKJlOHHo jno6oBeH-b ero B30prb,
ycTpeMjeHHunI Ha noaTa". B3, CBOIO oqepeAb, EAyKOBCKidi caait%
1OHaro IHTOMIJa Mya31 C% pyK'I Ha pyKH IIJIeTHeBy, KOTopufl,
IIPMHHaB% B%> HeM ropaqee yqacTie, ,,uoABeJib noIIO 6jlarocjoneHie"
flylIKMHHa.
Haqajiach ajna FProl'a iionar Hii3HL, nacTynHIJI'I cB'nT;.ial
4*









S48

MOMeHT%, Haanaiacb Jiyquma CTpaHIn a 4 B HCTopiI ero IiaTMqe-
cKaro TBopqecTBa. fIocjM ipymHtO KaHIeJapIpIHHB, CBO60AH'i B3iAOX-
HyaJI Forojlb BR 9TOtfi qnCToal aTMoc()ept, rAi Bee Aumajio reHieM-
IIymKnHa. ,,CB'TJIblM% BSFJ]iAoOM HacTORlmaro reHiH, POBop~IT
6iorpac% ForoaH, IIymUIKH npospOap JI sac CTHqHBOM%, HeJIOBKOM'
MonooLOM% Apyrt gBsseHie Heo6bqalHOe, XOTH OH'% TOJIbKO CMyTHO
InpeAqysCTBOBaJI' B% 8TOM'L HenpeacTaBHTeJbHOML Manopocct
BonIJaoeHie TOR4 BenHKOAIo payimef CIaJI, KOTOPOf 6hIJIO cymAeHo
BCKOp'B OTKphlTL HOBhI nepiOA'b B' HaIflef jHTepaTypt cosAaHieMb
HaTypaJIbHOll IKOJlb" 1).
Bo Bee BpeMn CBoero nooTHnecKaro TBopqecTBa ForoJI
nABHAJlIt sB' J I ymiKaHHa CBOf HAeani, npeab KOTOpUhIM
6aarorosB tHO npeKJIOHHflca H K% rojocy KOTOparo Bcer;ia qyTKO
InpcJlyInnBancca. ,,Hqeero He npeAnpHHHMaJIr a, rOBOpHT% roroJb
Bs OAHOM% H3a niHceM% nHO noBO]Ly CMepTH InyImKHa, 6ea3 ero
coBtTa; HH oAHa CTpoKa He nicajac5 6e3% TOI'O, ToI6h I He
Boo6pamanj ero ipejiA co6oio. oITO CKaHKeT% OH%, qTO 3aMTTHT%,
qeMy HnpeqeT% Hepa3pyuinMoe H BIIIHOe oAo6peHie CBoe BOT%
qTO MeHH TOJIbKO 3aHHMaJIO H OflyUleBJlJIO MOH CMHJI" 2). B%
caMOMu% AtA,, CJyqHTCIa-JIH KaKaa HenpiaTHaa nieH3ypHaa iRail'hia,
BhluAeT%-nJI Hsa%-nioA% nepa ForoJia HOBoe npoH3naeeHie, noHa-
A06HTCH-J14H COBtT'I, B BBCtX% IIOAO6HuIX% cJIyqailX% ForOJI
o6paulaeTcI K% IIymnKHy, B% HeMb BHJIIT% onopy B%' CBOHX%
Tpy)Iax%, yTt$imTeJIH B'L Heytaqaxt. ,,Bhumja Bnepa IOBOJbIHO
HenpiaiTla sanagna no neasyp' no IIooJy ,,3anHcoK% cyMacmeA-
maro... R jonJHKeH-0orpaHHMqTbCH BhlKHAJKOIOJIyqIH X%'M'fCT'" 3)--
TaK% ;iajyeTca rorJ IlYIKHnny Ha Hen3ypnyio saAYepMKKy CBoei
KHHI'M. ,,f nocialK) RBaM npeancJiOBie; cjitJaflTe Mn4JIOCT --
npocMOTpnTe, H ecnmH 'T6, TO nonpaBbTe H nepeMtHMTe TyT%-;Ke
mepHHjiaMI" 3). ,,BII MHTa]RTe, IIH ueT roroJb fnynMKHHy B,
ApyroM% IIuHCLM, nocumia eMy TOM% ,,Apa6ecoK'", u, c; 'LuartTe


1) IIIeHpoKb. MaTepiajib I. 339.
2) IIIeHpOK'. IHHcbMa I. 432.
3) Ibid. 329.









49

MHJIOCTb, BO3bMHTe KapaHAiUil B' BallMH pyqKH H HMKaK% He
ocTaHaBJIHBafiTe HeroAOBaHiH n1pn BHn onmi6oK, HO TOTiac%-meA
iX% Bct H1a-Jano. Miut STO OYeH Hy;HO" 1). B'% pyroM%
ncHCbMt ForoaJb HpoCHThT IIyiuKHa BOSBpaTH0Tb AaHHoe eMy aCj1
3aMtiaHift npoHBaejeHie piqb MAJeT' 0 KOMeJdH ,,3KeHMTb6a":
,,CA'3natTe MHJIOCTb, npIman4Te cKop'he H cAnaiftTe HacKopo XOT,
CKOJibKO-HH6yjib rjlaBHblX'% a3MiitaHill 2). B% STHXIL CJIOBax'
uNceM, c0IbUIHITCa riy6oKoe ApymecKoe aonBpie rorojia K% nlOaTy,
TO Ionotpie, KaKOe IIHyiKHHI% BHyIIInHI%, ey caI nepBUX% atHe$i
eBOerO C0% HHMi% 8HaKOMCTBa CBOHMM HeIHYlpHXHHHMAeHHbM, npiHTenJb-
CKHMb% OTHOUJeHieM'l. flpH6aBHM'L c0o11a emle M TO r1.ny6oKoe
6oroTBopeHie, KaKoe nIHTajX ForoJIb, 110 CBHIAtTeJlbCTBy ero apyra
JaHHnneBcIaro, Ka% UIymlKHHy euie C% OTpoqecKHX% JIT'T CO
mIKOJIbHOft CKaMbHl; up6aBHiM% H TO I'Jy6oKoe npoHHKHOBeHie
lHyuKHHa B% f'yuiy qepjoslBa, yMtHbe cpa.3y IIOWM'TTHTL TanaHT',
yraAaTb 1H po6yJnTbh K,% ;EII13HM TO, qTO eCle CMyTHO H IIOTH
6e3COSHaTeJnbHO TaHJIOCL B% jityli MO:IOiAOIO nuIcaTe.s, m MbU
InolMeM6,, q'tM% 6hIJ1% nIIyllKHH% tiuna oroaji, Mbl IIOfMeM%' TO
BocK3nmaHie nocJitanarO B1% chbnnMt 1'% K Zy yOBCKOMy, KOTOpOe
TaK%,aSpKO bUpamaeT% ero OTHOlenHie K% IflymKHHy: ,,O IyluKMHn%,
HyuiKHH,%! KaKofi ipeKpacHblf COH% yaJI0ocb MHi BHA't;Tb
BT% X1H3H1 !1 3).
Eule Ba J'TCTB'hL, B'L nopy JtefICCKolt HE1H3HH11, nppOHBJIJIiaCb
y orolonj Ta BeceJocTL, TOTL IOMop%, KOTopul TaKb apSKo O6AleeT%
B'b nepBuX7% ero llpoH3BeAeHiHX'%; elCe C0% t'fTCTBa B'L'CaMhlX
paHHHnnX ero cymhneHiaX'L Haxoj0HJH yMtHHLBe SaMtaTb TI OCO6eH-
HOCTH, KOTOpbWl yCKOJlb3alOT% OT% BHHMaHiH ApyrHX'% imoAefl, KaK%
KpynlHua, TaK'L H MJeKi H CMIHImJH. .,rOBOpHII4I, HTO H yMt;o
He TO qTO Inepe;(pa3HHTb, HO yraPaTb qejioBtKa, . HO Bce BTO
tie nepeHocHJ1OCb Ha 6yMary, 1 Iq, roBopnHT Forojib, aiame lie



1) Ibid. 329.
2) IIIeHporK. IIHcbMa I. 353.
3) IIHchMa I. 459.




^q ... .... 1rr. a '; w -..*,- . ,-V- .-- '' 11-




50

JIyMax BOBce o TOM'b, lTO CAtiatIo CO BpeMeHeMiem na1b Tro
ynIoTpe6aeHie" 1).
Io co6cTBeHHOMy npHHnaHio noMTa, ero nepBha npon3seAeHia
,,Beqepa Ha xyTopt" He 6h in elite TIJIOIOM IIJyuIeBH0oI noTpe6HOCTH
TBOpHTb, XOTH, o0, 3aM'aniHo i JymIKHHa, nrocariHill i6win Hay-
SMJIeH% aTOft KHHroi0. ,,BOT'b naCTOuLaan BeceIOCTb, HCKpeHHiH,
HenpwHymaveHHaH, 6ea meMaHncTa, 6emb qonoIpHocTH. A MtCTaMH
KaKa1 no0ai, KaKan syBCTBHTeJIHHOCTL. Bee 3TO TBK neo6uhK-
HOBeHHO BT Hauiefi jHTepaTypt, 'HTO H elite aocenit He ycnoKOIJica 2).
TaKOBn 6hina o6mii, 60Aopruifi HaIrHHnaiouaro HnoTa, OThlB-h
iyiiuJKHHa o ,,Beqepax% 3). CaMn, Foroi.b o6ibCHaeT'h HX'b Ipo-
Hcxo0ieHie MOJIOAOCTIO, ,,BO BpeMH KOTOpOfi He IIpHXOaliT' Ha
yMa HHKaKie BonpocI. .. I, omeOT 6um, C' JitTaMaH H C-6
HoTpe6HOoCTho pasBjeKaTb ceci6 BecejJOCTL sTa HCqe3HyJia-6b1, a
SC3 Heft BMICT' H MOe IHcaTeJIbCTBo" 4). JpeMAIOuii .ayImenHhl
CMJIU, cHJI Heo06hKHOBeHHUbl, pa36yaHjn% B%' Foroat nyuiKHH',
aTOT%, no Brupam;eHio ero, ,6pomeHHul l c- ne6a IIoBTHlecrcit
orOHb, OTT KOToparo, KaKn% CBAMK 3a;irJIHCb apyrie caMoliB'THue
IlOIThI" 5). 9THM'% nOBT4qecKHM'M OPHeM'b BOClIJaMeH H Iyl yIKHHu'
My3y ,,BeaImKaro MeaanHXOJ4Ka", OT b DTOPO OPHH 3ariopt'jncb
caMfa anyqiii noaTHqecKiH ero co0aaHia. ,,06o MHt, rOBop0HT
ForoIoJb, MHOPr TOJIKOBaJ4H, paa6Hpaa Koe-KaKiH MOH CTOpOH6, HO
rjaaBHaro cylOecTBa Moero He onpenfltaJIHi. Ero cjihwulmaJ OAHH'
TOJIbKO IfyllIKHHL. OH- MHlt roBopHJl nceraa, qTO eite HR y
ojHoro nIceaTeJaf He 6HIJo 3TOPO aapa BhICTaBJIThT TaK' apKO


1) Br ApyroMb M'ICTt, no noBOay noRBJIeHis II na3aHis ,,Be'lepOBb",
IIymKHH'b, BcnIOMHHas niepBoe BneIaTJItHie HpoH3BeaeHHOOe HMH HH Hero
caMoro H Ha ny6JUsy, ronopHTa Mejacy npounHM': ,,Bcb o6paosBaJIncb
aTOMy )HBOMy onHRHHilo I'IieMeHH InoIOIaro H nmamyilaro., THMb
CB'htEM'b KapTHHaM'b MajIOpOCCifiCKOl npHpoAI, 8TOHi BeceJIOCTH npOCTO-
uylIIHOIf H BMtCTI JIyKaBOt. IKarsI H3ymHJIHCb MbI pyccoIt KHHr'b,
I(oTopani sacTaBjisana ,Iac b CM'UrITbRC, Mbl, He CM'aBIniieca co BpeMeH'h
CDOHBAH3Hal". (COIHH, ylymilKHHa IX. 409).
2) Foroni, CoHHHeHia IV, 248,
3) IIymKHHb. Co'HHeHis. a13,Z. CyBopHHa 87. VIII. 526.
4) Foro-nh. IV. 248-249.
5) CO'HH. Forojia IV. 187.









51

IOUIJIOCTb THW3HH, IIOIHJIOCTb H110]Fjao qeonoi'La, qTo6bI BCHI Ta
Mejloq'T, KofiopaH YC14o03baeaT% OT% rmTawb, MeJlbKHyata 6m1 KPYHHO
B'b rmiaaa Rc';M"l 1). HIOHMaH Ceoeli reHiaJiJbHo4 ,ItyUIofI 9TO
BHYTpeHHee CBOIYUTBO .iylll noaTa, HlyuIIKIHm b .3acTamnur roro.TIq
B.3raJIHyTb Ha ;t$io cepioa-o. ,Owib ypice ;iaBHo cKjioHqjiU Metil,
IpPH.3HaeTCH l7OroJh, ripHHqTbCfl 3a 60JlbIiIOe colimiefie R, HaKoHeW-L,
QUHMH pa2'b, iiocnt TOMo KaK'b a Hipowilb emy OAHO He6OJlbllIOe
wso6paKeHnie He6oJHfoll CTjeHbI, OH'b6 MAH Cma3anl,: TIaK'I CYb aTOfM
CfOCo6HOCTbIO yra~bIBaTb qeJ[oBI;Ka H1 HICKOMjLKHMI4 [epTaimH Bbl-
CTa13JIHTb ero Ipyr% Bcero, KaK'b RiHBOI'O, Cb MTOIR CHOC061OCTbIO
He TIPIHSITbCH aa 6oBnbumoe coqHHelie. DT0 nIOCTo rptx%! Bh
aaKJjo'-lenie 1cero OTitarh MHL CBO# CO6CTBeHHH1# CIO;eT%, K3%
KoToparo OWL XOTt'Il- CaM% CA'JfaTb '-ITO-TO B'b pot'h FlOaMmI, H1
Kooparo, no ero cjioiaab, OH'b He OTj1a.%-6bI JPYPOMY HMKOMY.
DTO 6[un7. cIo;ieNr ,,MePTBLJXb Aylllrb". MWCJmE Peiuaopall
npulaame emT- T0Ke eMy" 2).
Bb a3anHCKax- CMHPHOBOA-POCCeTb no IIOBO,1y nepetamu
Ilyl]IKHHblMb CIO3CeTa ,,MePTBbIX'b ,Iynll" Mbl HaXOJU4iM'b cM1tay-
tomryro aaMtTKy: ,,IyHMKII'4 nponeai qeTblpe qaca y roroaM
m Aw7n emy C10;UeTb AJlIS poMaHa, NOTOPbIR, HaK'b IOH'b-h-IXOTb,
(yJYeT% palitJeewib Ha ACHM. PepoA 00'LtjleT'b IpOBHHiiO.
roronb BOCaoj1b3yerTCf CBOHMH IyTeBbIMI4 3aaHcKaMI4" 3). CaM%
Forojib HO MHOrtX%- M'CTaX'b cOefI riepem[Hc rOROPHT'b 0 cBoeft
llOaMt, KaK'l o couaaiuin, ,,BHYIIleeHOM'-0 LlyHIKHHlIM'L, KaWb 0
,,CBHTIleHHOM-b ero waItujaHll". R AoJI2eH%, rUILeT'b OHLb Kb
XKyKoBcKoMy, HpouolojBraTJ MHOIO Ha'laTbft 6OJH.11Of4 Tpyiir, mIH-
camh KOTOpb6ft 88H31rh Cb MeHt CJIOBO HlyMKIHH, ROTOPOI'O MUOJIl
eCTL ero co3maHie H KOTOpUIR o6paTlnIUC Itff MeHR C0% TtX% HOp'b
3T cB(qm3HHH0e 3uaw1ItaHie" 4). B% OAHOMb 113-b LO.3JAHLtIIII4X%
ITHlceM%, 110 HOB0,,Ly CMePTK fyllyKtiHa, Porolrb CHOia FOBOPHT%



1) CoMMn. Poroan IV. 86.
2) Ibid.
3) ILeHpo'rc. MaTepiaaib III. 72.
4) Ibid. I. 441.





'A









52

o CBoefl nHOaM, B' co3jiaHiH KOTOpoii, o0 ero CJIoBawt, IIHyKHHIH
r'paja He MaajOBaKHyro pOJlb: ,,H TenepeumHifi TpyAJ Mo0i A. o
HAeT' o ,,PetBHopt" H ,,MepTBshx i ylumaxh" ecTb ero
cow3aHie. OH'b BS3Hsj C% MeHH KjITBy, qT06b a nlHca:i, H HH
otAHa TpoKa He nicaacrL 6e381 TOPO, HTO6h1 OHH He aHBjicH
OqaM% MOIHM. H TIIH. i% ce6sa MiCJiIO, KaKwb 6yAeTb ABnoJneCH
OH%, yrajHBajIb, qTO 6yAteT% HpaBHTca eMy, H sTO 6u0io Moelo
BucmeI) H nepBOIK HarpaAolo" 1).
IIpHHHMaf s BO HMaHie BTH ;taHH I1s, TpyAHO CorJIaCHTbCH C'b
MHtHieM%, 6yJiTO Poror b CBOeBOahHO BOCunOJIbsoBa.Jac CHB)eTOMb,
3JIoynoTpe6Hbsb JoB'IpieM% CBOero ]lpyra, KaK%' o06% TOMb rOBO-
pUT% IIaBJI1HneBa7, CUlHL CeCTp1 IIyUKHHna. ,,r0o BTOMy pa3cKa3y,
BO BpeMa OAlHOi H3u% HHTHMHhX'L, Ka6HHeTHlXl' 6ectIA'b CL nllyl-
KHHLIM% CL riay Ha raa, . . IlymKHHb, BcerIa OT-
KpHITUlbl M AOBtpqMBbfl, CO CBOIRCTBeHHOfl eMy 6e3neIHocThOi pas-
cKa3aJIr HeAaBHee upocmlecTBie, cayqynBmeecC HenoAaJneKy OT'L
ceaa MHxafiaoBcKaro c% Jep3KAM% nHpeAnpHHHMaTejeM%, p'iuHnB-
IIHMCIc, noAo6HO iHqHKOBy, COCTaBHTL COCTOTaHie HnKyHKOfi H
upoAameft MepTBuX% .ym%. . OKOHHB pa3aKa3b, IIymKHHa
ipn6asBHnJ, HTO OH% BOCUOnb8yeTCS DTHMI' 911DiH30OML .a npo-
3aMwecKaro paacKa3a. Fororn He uOAanIa HHKaKOrO BnlAa, 'TO
OHt' 3aHHTepecoBajica cJaumaHHhlM', HpHTBopHBuincL coBepmeIHHO
paBHOIymHblM'L, a MeiAy TtMb, He Tepaa speMeHH, npHajnca
3a Abao, H KOPrA no3HaKOMHmJI IIyU KHHa C% nepBfhMI Ha6pocKaMH
pOMaHa, TO nOCJItAHiff 6UhJI TaK% owapoBaH%, HTO npHMpIHJuCa,
HaN14 oameHn% 6hiJln% npHMHpHTbCHI C COBepIIIAHBIImnMCa (aKTOMm'" 2).
TaKoB% paacKa3 IIaBBHiueBa. ITO FOrOJIL o6pauajica HHOria
KI I1yiiiKHHy 3a CIOHieTaMH, qTO nupAyM nauie C)omeTa 6mJI
anja orona aaTpyuAHHTenbHo, BHJIHO H3-L ILcbMa ero K' nlOTy,
Bnb KOTopOM%, pa3cKa3aaB eMy o CBOHX%, Tpyaax% HaA' co3Aa-
HieM% ,,MepTBuxa JAymll", OH'b upOCHT' ero fAaTb ,,KaKoR-HH6yAb
CIOKeTb, XOTb KaKoft-HH6ytI CMuiHOfl, HJH He CMmIIIHOl, HO


1) IIHcbMa. I. 434.
2) MaTepiaibi. I. 72.









53

pyccKifi ~MCTo aHeKjlo0T. PyKa Spo;H0T'b, r'OBOpHT FrorOJIb,
HaIIHcaTb TLtM' 3peMeHeM'b KOMeJLio. CjipaifTe ;ie MHJIOCTL,
InoTopaeTTb OH'b CBOIO npocb6y, tafiTe clomemT% -- jyxoMh 6y.JeT'
KOMei1ia H3b 5 aKTOB' H KJIHycb Kyya CM'HbiWIe 4epTa" 1).
TpyAHo paso6paTbCsH Boo6me BO BCtX% DTHXT BepciSxt, Bb HI'KO-
TOpux' IIpoTHBOp'hliax' Mem Ay pascKaaoMa IHaBJIwueBa ii Ceo-
BaMH caMorO rorosa o nponcxomxaeHiu clotieTa [iOMuI. OqeHb
BO3MOI1HO, qTO H caMb rOrOJib BCTp'tiaJiL IIpeuAllpHHMaTeJIefI,
IIOAO6HhlX'b qUH'KOBy. OrrnHCBaH CBOIO Hej~IaBHIOIO nHt'AKy B%
MtCTa, OCBHmieHHblH naMHTbIO roroI0n, Cb J'halbIO) co6paTL OT%
tHBUlXb eile COBpeMeHHHKOB'b nOT1 CBRj, HiH, KOTOphU Jtocentw
riO pa3HUM%1 IIpHuIHaM% OCTajIHCb HeH3B'eCTHUlMH, r. I'nHJpoBCldKi
nepeAaeTb pa3cKa3s caMof0 pa3roBopIHBnof nH uaMtTJIHBaof coBpe-
MeHHHIqb FroOJIH, MapHu rFpropbeBHb AHHCHMO -- fHOBCKOf,
0 nOM rUlKdL ITHBHHCKOML, AaJIbHeMM% pOa[CTBeHHIHKI, rorlOJIH.
IIoMtIut Ij He6oraTTub HM'BIHifit Ayui'b 30 KpeCThaHb-, cylteCTBO-
BsaJs BnHOKypHeft. RaKa Ha 6tAy cTa~n noro1apHBaT o0
TOM'b, qTO npaBo jepmaaTL B[4HOKypHM 6yAeTbi upeAocTaB eHo
jinHHll TbM'b nOMtMiWKa'b, y KOTOpuxr, 6yGeT'b He MeHhe 50 Aypri
KpecTLHIH'. 3ajyMaanHCh TorAa MejiKOnOM1CTHhe. 3re! He jo-
ayMaJllCb! cKa3aJib IlnHBHCKift, Aa I no'i;xaji' B IIOJTaBy, BHecr,
o6poK, 8a CBOHX% yMepUIIMXb KpeCTbhHH', 6yATO 8a EHBhlX'.
A TaK'b KRaK' CBOIHX', ,a H Cb MepTBb]MHl, aaaneKo jo 50 He XBaTajio,
TO Ha6pa;i% oH H3% 6pHiKy ropHiaKH, Aa H notxaJrl noO COC'HMiML
H HaKyIIHJi' y HHX% 83a 3Ty ropMnKy MepTBbX'b aym i8H, Sanlcaji
HX'b ce6t ni, cA'hajaBnuHC, n o 6yMaranM, BjiaA, nJbibueM% 50 AynH%,
Jo caMOfi cMepTH KypHJiM BI1HO 14 ajnL aTHM'b TeMy ForoJIo,
KOTOpUBf 6bBaa. B1' IIOM't;CTbH I1HBIHHCIKHX'b" 2).
H TaKh, KTO me Aaj1b TeMy Foroaio? Boate B'0poaTiai B%
cjioBax% caMaro Poroja o iiepeAaqmh eMy crlo;eTa InyHIIKHbHM%,
MOo IIaBjHiueB%' CJehiman, paCKa3ua% o06% aTOM% upeAMeTT OT%
CBoefi MaTepH, T. e. Hn TpeTbLHX' py'b. PaCKaa3'b me AHMCHMO -


1) IHCbMa. I. 354.
2) PyccraK MbICjb. 1902. I. 65.








51

fHHOBCKOtr TaKTKe He MOKHeT'h JIJIH Hac 6hlTib rcKpTepieM RJOCTO-
A BpHOCTI (4JaKTa. OqeHb BRaEKHalMT) ][OCTOB'pHIublM CMBHJ'TeJlb-
CTBOMu% cJItayeT%, KoHeqrH, CIHTaTb 3aM'hTKy CMHpHOBOft BT eH
iHeBHHK'ri. XeHItHIHa O0eHb yMHaH, HHTepecoBaBIsiancH jnTepaTypoi,
cocpe;(oTonsBirinal BOKpyrI' ce6Sa Ianylo aianaury nJTepaTypHux%
J;iiTejnefI, oHaosqeIIb HTepecoBanJacL oroneeM'h H ero nponsBeieniHMM,
a noTOMy en ciona CHHMaIOTr C% Hero THflKOe 06BHHeHie BT, XHTpOMb
rnpHecoeniHn ymoro cioKeTa. aKi'b-6u TO HH 6hlUJ, iO ()aKTOM'b
nepeAaqH cloaeTa HnCKOJIhKO He yMaJnleTCH cjaana ne HKaro Ino1Ta.
,IIa H Ce HnyuIKHHuIMb rlponl30iomeJn' norioO6Hwuf cjiyaf: cIoMeTr
,,MtAnaro BcajArHKa" ocHOBaH'b Ha OJHOM% H1'3% ImBhXJX Ht OCTpO-
yMHhX, pascKas30BL Bie.ibropcKaro, KOTOpule TaKib jio6Snj
DHyUIKHH%. YqacTie rIynmiHHa Bs pa3scaTpHBaeoM naHMH cjyqat,
SKa1TeTCH, q CTO BHfllnHee. IIo CBeH4LtTeJIbCTy IKHH3s BnaeMCKaro,
,,fHymiuKHH, nepetianaa aTy TeMy Foroaro, jyMaJi%, B'I;POHTHO,
'ITO OHl I0O TTORl KaHB' BhIIlbeTb' anHeKIOTHMecKy)0 IIOB'BCTh C%'
O6 OlHHO OpHopHI'Ha.bHOCTbH) H MacTepCTBoM')" 1). BulllIO conep-
UmeHHo HHaqe. HOaT% ptIinaca H OKa3aTh B% HOoM'I XOTb ,,Cr,
Oi0-Horo 6o0y" BCIO PyCb, ,,icro Mejnoi rpoMaaHo Hecy-
ReftCH IHKMSHH".
Y;Re IiepB Ul rjiaBeu noaMU niopasnji HIyHLKMHa. ,,Rora i,
rOBopIHT% Foro.b, Ha'IanI 'fITaTb IfyllIKMHy IlepBUM rjiaBiu W3a
,,MepTBUX% JyuI%", BT% TOMb nBit, KaK% OH'h O6JIlH npe;me,
TO HyUIKHmnL, KOTOpu6f acernta cMt'bRacH np MOM% oe 'qTeli, Ha-
mani noHeMHory CTaHOBHTTCHJ Bce cyMpaqs ee, cyMpaHite, n c;t-
nanjic coRepureHHo MpaqeHb. KIorna Hte MTenie KOHqHJIOCb, OH',
IpOH3HeC% rOJIOCOM'b TOCKH : ,,Bo;e, KaKK rpycTua Hama Poccia"!2)
B% 3anncKaxa CMnpHOnolt nepenaloTca noaoi6HLIja me MbCJIH
TIlylHKHa, 03o6y;1fAeHHrilR Bh HeCM% 'TeHieM, ,,MepTBbux'b Ilyim".
,,HeBecejiaH MlTyKa Pocci"", ronopHwIn OHb; ForoJib HHierO He
BhlUyMuBaeT%, TO conepuieHHna ijpaBnna, DTO cTpauiHan npanaa" 3).


1) IIcbMa III. 485.
S2) Co'HH. rorojia. IV. 88.
,3) MaTepiajibi I. 74. 75.








55

H TaK'i [yiiKMHmir-, nepeAaBaR cio;teTr, coBepuremlo He AyMa.Trb,
tTO OH'S 3aXBaTHT% TaKoe rpoMajiHOe 11no;e MHSHH. Bca Sac:iyra
HymrKHHa a jIaHHOM% cjnyqat COCTOMTb JiHiIb BT% TOMb, HTO OH%,
IIpOHHKHYB't CBOHM' reHieM'b Bb CH nIb FroI'o aaJI HM% TOI'leK'b,
HanpaRnHJi HX'a Ha 6ojxie JnnJOTBopHyIo At ITeaIHOCTb. IHoo6n uti
croHleT%, n1o co6CTBeHHOMy npSHanHio) nYylUKHHa, 0'-b CaM%, He
paspa6oTa.i, 6hi nysure Forosja.
0 repeAaqt y UIIKHHUlM CIOeTRa ,,PeBnHopa" MU naxoAIMM
Bib, ABTOpCKO HCnIHORntie" rPOif.I JIMUIb He3HalqHTej.btIy[O 3aMtTKy.
CJOBa Forojla nolOTRepjmAaoTCH 8H anncKaM CMHpHOBOfi, KOTopaa
'OBOpHT% cjaifyromuee: ,,iKyKOBCiifi pt~lImn.Ta, 'TO Hl alojnHa
uoTpeO6BaTb, 'TOCbI XOXOJI'b npoenJIb Ml' CBOIO KOMeil0O ,PeBHmopa".
OHH yCTponJIH y MenHA 06tla,: CBepqoKb (ApsaMaccKOe 1npoa31nte
HylIKHiHa), XOXO.b, TJieTHeBT, Bie.lbropCKif, rforomIb qMTaJn'
CBOfI iereBpebp, KOTOpb1i OTJIH'aeTCS Heo6blKHOBeHHblM% IOMO-
pOM. ... 3.TOT' aHeKLJOT%, B31IThlt H3S% A'LIICTBHTeJILHOCTH,
pacKaasa.a eMy nlymnIKH'" 1). ITyuIKIHT' m;e MHoro noMoraJri B3t
t[ocTaHOrBK; niechI Ha cueHy, npocC, HanplMtpb, CMHpHOBy noro-
BopMITb 0 Heiit pacnonIo;lITb rocyjiapa Ba IOJIbsy ,,PeBH3opa".
BcKop'b CMHpoBoftO npe;acTaBniHc cjyqafi a3aiMOIBHTb CJIOBO npeAj
rocyAapeMb 0 Forojr' Hn ero HOBOft nbec', upn ieM'b ona He
npenMHHyia yKa3aTb Ha TO, qTO CIOMKeT% KOMei AaH' ForoJiro
nyuHIKmHhbM%. ,,YCrIOKOfTe aBTopa, cKasaan, eft HMnepaTopb, eCJaH
IHytmKHH' HaxoAHT% y Hero TaaaJHT% 3TOrO AOCTaTOqHO, CKaK;HTe
3TO OT% MeH~n. Bhl 3HaeTe, qTO H iIHTaOK) OJIblllOe AOB'bpie Kb
IymiKHHy" (II. M. III. 18).
Ho nepBoe upeacTaBjieHie HOBOJI KOMeO]iH nponouI.10o 1n
OTcyTCTnie rlyllKAHa, KOTOph6ii ubl'I Torja Br jepeBnH. IocjitAHirl,
Ino CJOiaM% Forojai, ,XOT'LJI'L nFCaTb inOJIHbft paa6op% esn nas
CBoero mypHaja" H, Mem ly rlpouHM%, upocHni, ForoJia ,,ynBt;o-
MHTb, KaKh OHa 6lia BhlInoiHeHa na cRieHf 2).
H TaK'h 1noil BJiHHHieM% HyIl[KHiHa, KOTophIfi ,,RAoxHyJl' B1%


1) MaTepianbj III. 16.
2) IIHcbMa. II. 96. 97.








56

Forouni yB'ipeHHOCTL BT ero ipH3BaHie n CBOHMH ymKa3aniaMH
nlOMOP" eMy BCTyilHTb Ha TOT% BeJlHKift llyTb, Ha KOTOpOM' OH%
upomeai TaKoe 6jaIcTaTeIbHoe ioeIpHmule" 1), coaxaamu OhIJIH ABa
BeJ Iailia ui npoiH3BeJleHia, KOTOpuh CTaJIlM lJfa ForoJIm Saaqeti
nceei ero tnocJittyiouteri AJLeTeJLHOCTH, TIKeJ1uM'b UOJOBH'OM'o Bceli
nocji$tyromeft aSH3Hn. Ilepea~ o06ecTBnoMb paaBepnyjiacb 6e3-
oTpaAuaa KapTTHa aKH3HH ,CKytHoil, IPOTHBHOfl, nopaxaioluefi
neianJbHol cBoelo J i tCTBHTeJlbHOCTLIO", apTHHa 3Ja nit eciapa-
BeajJIBOCTefl, KaKii AJ iJlIOTC ,,Bb T';X'b cjiyqaaxb, rji'k 6oJlblie
Bcero Tpe6yeTCH OT% menojtKa cnpaBeAJVIBOCTu".
,,CypOBO, 110o CoBaM' ForojOi, IonpIimle TaKorO IIIcaTeJIa,
116o He iipn3HaeT% coBpeMeHHbl]i cyt',, 'TO MHOFO Hy2nHO ra1y6HHb
tAymeLHol, qTO6b 0o3apHTb KapTHHy, B3aTY)0 n13S' npe3p'tHHOft
ME13HH H B0BTH BBeCTH niepaj co03taHiH". Bu]CTaBHTI> Hapymy
Bee 3io, BCIO nIIIJIOCTb rpOMaAHO- Hecynlie ca madHH rI'OpbKHMb
CJIOBOM' CBOI4M% nocMtaTbca BeJIHKif, rpaxAaHCKi]R, IaTpiOTH-
'ecKitt noaBHrrb roroaa.
Ho ecati IlymIKHH' TaK' xopoUIo yMl;Jl% IIOH1rTI, CBOerO
Apyra, pa3raAaTh nce, HTO TJIAJIO B', TafIHHKaX' b .Ay1I ei'o; ecjiI
OH'b yM.'J.b HatpaBiHTb I ,'ITeCnbHOCTL ero Ha MCT1HHiaI nIlyTL,
IOMOPra eMy, HaCKOJIbKO H B' qeieM' 6O610 BOBMOaiHO, BIIJIOTL 0
yKaaaHii KHH'Pb, KOTOphlUJ ALOJIHhl 6lTb llpoMTeHUl, TO M Froojnb,
B'b CB0Oo oiepeab,, CBoePl noaITHqecKOft Aymoft CyMtJ% HIOHHTb
lymKHHa. ECI OH'B H iipeKJIOH1;aca nperij, reHieM-b noaTa, TO
5TO npeKJioHeHie He uhJIo CJItblIlM' npemKoHeHieMb upel)tb aBTo-
pHTeTOM'b MTO 6m6Jo BHOJIH' CO8HaTeJLHOe yBJieHqeie ero reHieM'L,
ocHOBaHHoe Ha rJiyfOKOM'b HOHHMaHiH e'ro TBopqecTBa. BT% TO
BpeMJi KorAa mJIueCTy Foroj~o npoPeccop HAKOnLCKif crTapajice,
XOTH 6e3ycnlimuHo, nepeAaTb cBOe BocxniieHie CyMapOKOBUbIM
H XepacKOBUM%, Pronji 3auqTbIBaeTcH ,,OH'rHHblM'" I BHOBL
BbUXOtIIIuHMH CTXaMHI Ilyll[KHHa. B7, TO BpeMS, KaiCh ,,CTap4MK
1 60rOMOJbHbHI TeTyumKH CTapaanHcb yB'tpHT,, HTO CTRHX DymKHHa


1) MaTepiaIbI III. 32.









57

paactHBaiOT% BOJILHOAyMCTBO", FOI'OJb HaablBaeT% ero ,A1eajioM'
MOJIOAIIX% JIOAefl", FOBOpHT%, HTTO ,,CTHXM ero BOCIIHTaJIH H o6-
pasoBanJH CTAHHuO 6jiaropOAguHbu MyBCTBa, rOBOpHT' 0 CMtJIOM%
6jaropoACTB'h ero MiCJien H oTBart aiymn" 1). KaKu HanoMHHaeTb
3TOT% OT3UIBT HSBtCTHUle CTIIXH IlymKHHa H3' CTHX. ,,IIaMHTHHKT ":
,,H aoaro I6yiy TItM% HapoAy a aio6eaeH%,
TITO yaBCTBa Ao6puH H J mpoit nrpo6ymKaaLa",
MeMO$y T'bM an TH MLICJIH 0 SHaqe4iH nos0i8 HymLKHa 6ujiH
BhCKa3aHN I ProPJIeM rosa aa 4 ao HORBJIeHiH ,,IMaMHTHHKa".
KI. aTOMy-me 1832 roAy, Koraa 6uaHn CKaaaHU oroneM% 0TH
MtTKia CJoBa o IIyimKHHt, OTHOCHTCH He60obuiaHI, HO HHTepecuaa
CTaTLH ,,H'CKOJIhKO CJOB% 0 rlymUKHH", I',aBHal MUCJI KOTOpOf
3aKNJoqaeTCH B'b onpeAtneHiH HCTHHHaPO SHaqeHis IlyirmKna, KaKNL
HaI4ioHaJnbHaro HOaTa. ,,BBi CaMOM'% iAI', rOBopHT% roroJb,
HHKTO H3'% nO9TOB, HaIIIHX% He BUle ero H He MOH;eT% 6oJle
Ha3BaTTbcaH HlaiOHaabHbM'b". ForoJ1b AWl'aeTT ynpeKN KpHTHrK'
3a es 6ea'tflfcTBie no OTHOieHii KO O nltHK'N CoIHHeHifl i1yuIKHHa,
3a en HecnpaBeanJHBUH noAqac% OUtHKH. ,,Ho cnpaBeAJIHBoCTI-IH
ogt'HeHhu nIOCJItIAHiH e0o HOBMU ? OupeAtlJiHna-Jin, HOHHJIL-JIA KTO
,,Bopnca FoulyHOBa", OTO BucoKoe, ray6oKoe npo3sBeAeHie" 2) -
cnpauisHBaeTb Fron',JL, KOTophla CaMh 6ahlJi_, ecJIH M0EHO CKaSaTL,
.BHt ce6H, Koraa elIe Bsa 1830 roiy npoIeai% ,,Bopnca ro;iyHnoa".
ToTqaCi HO BbLXOAb BT CBAT% 8TOfl TpareAin IIyl KHHa, orooji
Hanncanmb loeTHeBy mapKyio CTaTLIO, ropHqiti naHOerHpHK% eO
anTopy, aaKaHqBannarioiicni cJItAylorn4M cJioBaMI : ,,BejmKiNi! Hat,
CMMI% BquHlIM TBOpeHieML TBOHMI KJIHHycb! Eme a qHCT%,
e01e HH OAHO ipe3ptiHHoe qyBTBO KOPhCTH, pa6oiJLInTBa H MeOKarO
caMOJiio6iH He 3apo0HHn0o B'% MOIO tyllLy. ECJI MepTBaiuil xo.noIA',
6e3symlnaro CBtTa HICXMHTTb CBHTOTaTCTBeHHO M14% AYLi MOelf
XOTlH 'aCTi, en itOCToaniH; ecJNm peMtHL o6xBaTHT% THXO ropal4ee
cepA4le; ecJ1m lpesptHHlaa, HHqTO EHaI JItHE oKyeT% Mena; ecni


1) THxoHpaBOBn. Co'nHeHia III. 2. CTp. 134.
2) CoqHH. roroia. V. 207.









58

AnHBHI MrHOBeHia ;iyIH ; OHecy Ha TOpKmHine HapoAHhux% xBajlb;
ecjnH o0oa0opio B ce6' To60oI MCTOprHYTule 3ByK... . 0! TorAa
liyCTb o60JIheTCH OHO HeMOJIqHbIM' JAOM'b, BOIIbeTCH MHJI.iiOHaMH
;Kaj.'L B'I HeBIHAHM~ia MeHH, HeyracHMhlM% IIJlaMeHeM yiipeKOB~
o60oBeT% Aymiy r pasAacTcH no MH'b TtM% [IIOH3HTeJIbHhlMb BOHJIeMb,
OTOT Toparo 6bi HSHbIIH BCe CyCTaBbl H caMa 6B 6eacMepTHan
tAyua 3acToHaJIa" 1). CTaTLJI 9Ta, HOfiBHBIllaICR emle 1HOTH Bs'
caMOM'L Haqaari HlOTHIqecKaPO TBopqecTBa Forojli, Brb 8HaMeHa-
TeJlbHhbiA JIHs Hero 'roA'L HaKOMCTBa c% IlymIKHHblM'%, CJ;IiyKT'
apKofi xapaKTepHCTuhKOfi HTyaiasMa Foroja, ero 6jarorOB'Hia KTb
IIyLuKHHy. 9TH MeqTil o 6yAylteM%, BTa TopmecTBeHHRaf KJaTBa
npeAnh reuieM% u[oaTa CBHATeTIbCTByIOT% 0 TOM%, ITO roron.
cpaay OTtaeT% ce6a noiu pyKooacOTBO, Inowi oxpany IIyUlKHHa.
A KaKa~ M$ITKaiL OUtHKa ,,BopMca FoAyHOBa" Bb HuaBaHiH ero
,,B'MHhlM' TBOpeHieM'b", H OTO TOTqacb Xe BCJItAst 3a ero
O11flBjeIienMb.
Boupocu, npeAJiomeHHble ForoieMi' o6mecTBy, OTHOCHTeOJIHO
O tHKH BopHca FoAyHOBa, CTOaIT' B% TtCHOI CBa3H Cb ei'o B03-
aptHieM'h Ha KpnTHKy ,,rOB'pSITb cOBpeMeHHnof KpHTIHK, n1
M'ITKOMy BuIpameHiio DfyIKHa, B'b qeMb 6h1 TO HH GuJIO -
IieIpocTHTeLbHaa cJa6OCTb. KpH1THKa Bb HalIIIHX% ;RypHa.iaxb,
roBOpaiS IIyUlKHHa%, mIH orpaHHnHBaeTCa cyxHun 6H16jiorpa -l-
MeCKaIMH 13B'CTicIMH, CaTHpHqeCKHMH 8aMtqaHi MH, 6ojl'te n14
MeHte OCTPOYMHM1MH0, o6mHHM4H apyimeCKHMH nOXBaJaMH, HJ1 [I pOCTO
ripeBpaiLaeTc~a B'b AOMauIHIO iiepe[inCKy .3AaTejla ci CTpyATHH-
KaMH, Cc KoppeKTOpOM'L. KpHTHKH HaBmH rOBOpaIT': XOpOulO,
HOTOMy qTO upeKpacHo, a TO lTypHO, I iTOMy 'TO cKBepHo.
OTce.lt f X'H HHKaK' He BhIMaHiIb" 2). CBOIHMH CTaTbHMH
llyUIKHHL% npH3sBajaI% KpHTH'qeCKif TaaaHT%, HTO6bl, 6BJaroAaps
eMy, HCTHHHaJI KpHTHKa Morna HaKOHeIAb pyKOBOAHTb o6llneCTBeH-
HUM'M MHtHieM'; nepeAaBaa ForomiIo CBOH jmHTepaTypHo-tLo0THiecKie
HAeanji, nymnKHHi% Ilup3pHBaan H ero 8aHHsTLCf KpHTMKO). 06a


1) COIHH. Foroji. V. 70.
2) COuHH. IIynmHHa. IX. 218.











11noTa 'YBCTByiOT' Heo6xo ,IMOCTL B'I TaKOM% mypHajii, KOToputf
Aaa'n 6u, Ha1KOHe,'h, OTIOp' Fpeqy, BynarapHHy, CeHbKOBCKOMy 1 Bcel
TORl JHTepaTypHol TJIt, nMTepaTypHol 4epuH, KOTOpa 3axBaT.nja
Ba% CBOH pyKH MOHO[IOJIilO KpITIKH. FrrOJIb X)LtTeabHO uIHHHMaeTCH
3a cocTaBaeHie HCTOpin KPHTIIKH. B'b cBoela CTaTbt ,,O ABHmeHiH
mypHaabJHOi :liTepaTyphu" on-, noAo6HO IIymKMHny, ifmajyeTca Ha
OTcyTcTsie 2ypHaJlbHOl KPHITKH. ,,MoMaeT' 6hlTb, rOBopHT, OHn',
~aBHO y Haci He 6UhiJ0 TaKb p O 3K aMtTHO OaMT'0TCYTCTBia ypHaJib-
ilol A'hfTeJiLHOCTH 4H ;HBOI'O coBpeMeHHaro AB MeieHi KaKl B%,
noc Itaie ABa roAa", T. e. B% 1834-35 roAaxt. rIpHcf;iKHblu
KpMTHK'K CeHbKOBCKi] ,,HHKOrja He rOBOPpHJI 0 BHyTpeHHeM' xapaK-
Tept' pa.6fHpaeMaro coqMHneHi", 3aHHMaiacb paa3opOM% paaHaro
.sHTepaTypHaro copa. ,,0 qeMr me roBopHT'b HnamH ypHa.ibu,
cnpaUiHBaeT. ForooinL? OHH rOBOPHT' 0 ce6t, OHM XHaJiHTb B'L
mypHajaxa Co6CTBeHHh H CBOH CoqHHeHiH, Ha BCe jpyroe o6paMaa
KaKoe TO xoAoAHoe, 6e3CTpacTHoe BHIlManie" 1). ForoJ[i ynpeKaeT%,
coBpeMeaHHty KpnMTHKy B i upeHe6pe4ieHiH Kb3 co6cTBeHHOMy MHIHilo,
peayjbTaTOM'b Hero mypHaJibHaH KpHTHKa 6Luia no 60oJbimeAf qaCTH
KaKHMM'-TO raepcTBOM-b. ,,ECJIH CqeCTb BCtX'% aBTOpOB%, IOBOpHTI
ForoJh1, KOTOPLe 1uo1iaji n IpBOKJiaCCHLIe, TO MOWHO IIHOyMaTL,
'TO H'BTr BS, CBATt Goraie pyccKO JMlTepaTypu". Forojin
ynpeKaeTr, coBpeMeHHyI0 Kp1nTHK B% JIHTepaTypHOM 6e3Btpil
1 HeBB'I';eCTB1: ,,HHrI; He BCTpTTMllb, HTO06h yiIOMHHaJHChb
liMena yKe OKOHqHBIHUMX'L IioipMine LuncaTeJlel HaIIHXh, KOTopue
I'JIHAHT', Ha Hac'b Bn' ayqaxb cJIaBLI cb BhlUlIIHhl CBoefl. Hn
O,1HH%, 1318 KpHTHKOBnb He I1OAHiJn] 6Jiar'OrOB'hfHO I':rias CBOHMX',
TO6uI HXI, IIpI4MLtTLb" 2). YupeKaeTr, oH0 coBpeMeHHyio eMy
KpMTHKy 1H BI, OTCyTCTBim q1HCTaI'O acTeTM4ecKaro BKyca 1M Ha-
cJlaa~eHiH, Jo106Bu Ka, MaKyCCTBY. TaK, BCJnlt'b 38a flyullKHHUIM%
M Foro;Lb ;KajiyeTca Ha TO-7Ke, Ha qTO KajiyeTCH n ero y' lTeJIb.
061tIIHCTb MX% BS3rI IAOB'S H MHtHii He IHOALJIeHT'b COMHtHiO.
I.AJ'L BJiIaHieM7, Bo033ptkfein lyIlyKmIa Foroiji yeCBOM IT ce6t


1) Coq. Poroji. V. 486. 490, 491. 503.
2) Foroib. V. 504.








60

caMbuah HeaaJLHhFH B0oa8pHi H Ha HCKYcCTBO 4 xyaO7KHHKa, BeCbLM
CXOAHIhlf C-b B3SPJmAaMH IyIIIKUHa. 3TH BO88p'Hia pas3BThl ]POOJIeMI,
BT' ero nOBtcTH ,,IIopTpeT%", KOTOpa HBJiIfjeTCa KaKm,-hI ero
xyj(omtnecRaKHM Hnlo MOBAaHieM'L B'ppl. ,,H4acAJ1yft, nayqaft Bce,
HTO HH B1AHIUb, IIOKOAH Bce KHCTH, HO BO BCeM% yMhif tlaXOfHTb
BHyTpeHHOKIO MhICJIL, H Ilyie Bcero CTapaficS nOCTrFHyTb BUCOKyIO
TainHy coSAaTen. BJIalKeHb Ia36paHHiHKL, BRaltIOUaiiu eio. HT'T
eMy HH3Karo upeAmeTa Bar upHpoit! B% HHqTOiKHOM'l xyJLom-
HHIK%-COSAaTeJIb TaK%--Ke BeJIHKL, KaK', H BT B3eIIKOM'. B'L
npeptHHOM'L y Hero HItT npeaptHHaro, 60o CKBOSHT'b CKBO3b
Hero npeKpacHaz alyuIa coa8aBiaro, H npeaptHHoe yz;e iiojiyHmJo
BscoKoe BLpaxeHie, 460 IpoTeKjio CKB03b qHcTHJiHlUe ero jynIH".
STO OCHOBHOe B033ptHie ForOH.f Ha HCKyCCTBO 8aIleqaT Jit'ocb na
BCX'b CTpaHinuaxb ero co3AaHifi. pnH TaKOMSl B033p'HiH, eCTeCT-
BeHHo, ForoJib Tpe60BaJInb oTn noITa-xyAoAHH1Ka qHCTOThl jYyIHeBHOf,
,,A7a6bu oapaTb KapTHH man, npeaptHHoil EKH8HH 1 BBOOJ:31,HT
HXa Ba nepaiu coaiaHia". KTO 3aKIOqroHj4 BbT ce6'% TaJIaHT'L,
TOT'%, HO CJIOBaMb F'oroJl)0, AoJlKeHb 6blTL qHile BCtX'I alymUol.
OH'%, noAo6HO IIymIKHHy, Tpe6yeTr% HesaBUICuMOCTH HCKyccTBa, KOTO-
poe He AOJImKH cTpeMnT1LCH KbI MaTepiajbHOfI, IIpaKTHIIeCKO'i HOJIL'h,;
nojtnatJB saTbC IrOA' BKyHYC'% 1 Tpe6oBaHie TOJI[I : HCKyCCTBO
CBo60AHO H He3aBH4MO, OHO He peMeeCJo, H xy0miHHK%, pa6cTBy-
tomiOu nepeAb TOJInof, nepecTaeTm 6ulT xyA0XY HHMKOMb, o6paniafchb
B'b peMecjeHHHKa.
TaKHM% 06pa3oM'b Mu BB3AHMMb, qTO roroOJi 6XI'Lb TtCIO
CBflSaH% CT IIyIKHHblM'i 6rIna nIOTL OT'L HJIOTH e0r. 06a OHH,
BsenKie reHni pyccKo 1i oas0i, ImaIi pyKa 061 pyKy, lnoma inyan
He cpaa3Ha ITyml nHa. H 1no1eM'L SH3TL 6uiTL MOKeT% ne'labJLHMln
saKaT' no,3aiH Foroji0 He HaCTaJT-61- TaK', 6lCTpO, ecaJi-6u 6Mjli,
KWHB ero pyKOBOAnTeJib-ApyPr. Ho ,,BeJHKaro He CTajO !" BOC-
KjIIKHyHnb ForoA0b, nojiyqHB'B poKoBoe H3BtfcTie o CMepTI now0ra.
,,MOH ;3HBL, MOe Bhuciiee HaciaamAeHie yMepjio c, HHM,. MOH
CBtTJIMH, MHHyTM Moell HXH3HH 6lJIH MHHyTbl, B1h KOTOPhla
TBOpHarr. KorAa I TBOpHJI%, 1 swBH'% npeNjh co6oio IyuIKHHa.
HHqTO MHm t JIH BC' TOJIKH, H nIJeBajI Iia [Ipe::IpHHy)O


'i -







61


4epHL. MHB Aoporo 6u6Io ero BtRHe H HenpeJioHoe
CJIOBO" 1).
I AonJro eige 6o0jt3HeHHhiM' CTOHOM'b HaAphIBanocb cepalue
noETa np e MbICJ o6% aToit POKOBOB yTpaTt. Has, CBoero
,,npeKpacHOaro rtaaeKa" OHb% HJIeTL aHL npH3HaTeJIbHOCTH cepAaa
TOMy, KTO 6bIhJI'L aJa erO BCtM'rb, HTO eCTb Aparoq'HHiaro
AJia cepAla.
3aMoJKJaiH nICHH IlymKIHa ... 3aMOJIKajEr nHOMHory
ropbKit CMtxL ero apyra. BpeMs mH;KBof TnopqecKofi artHTebh-
HOCTH ero 6cTpo 6JiH3nioch K s8aKaTy. . .


1) HIIcbMa I. 434.

II. CoCHOBCIiA.



















M. A. Mofiepi B5 m 3HN nos033in

IKyxeBCKaro.

B ame HaIM omeeJ iHH Mm HiMbieML BI Bly OCTaHOBHThCH
Ha OTHomeHiax% B. A. iyKOBCKaro Ku M. A. IIpoTacoBoi.
Bonpoca OTOT% HMteTL OC06eHHuI HCTOpHKO-JIHTepaTypHbhll
HHTepec%, TaK% KaKi' OTHOUIeHilH 0TH OTpaa3HJII4Cb Ha InoBTHqecK0
A'LeHTeJbHOCTH HylKOBCKaro 1). KpoMt Toro OTHomeHiHa TH xapaKTe-
pHaylOT% CBtTJyIo jIanHOCTb noaTa.
IIepBue roAiu Coero AWtTCTBaH yKOBCif unpoBRejn B% poACTBeH-
HOnf eMy no KpoaBH CHMnaTiaM% ceMbt IoMImHKa ByHHHa. CecTpu
ero, atoepa ByHiHHa, 6hiju ropaa o cTapme ero, qTO CTaBnJIO
liyKOBCKaro K- HHMI BL OC006ubl OTHouIeHim. IIoaTOMy 2yKKOBCKifl
c6aJI na coI Co CBOHMH ujieMaHHHuaMH Mapben H AjeKcaHapoft AH-
ApeenHaMH, aoqepbMH EKaTepuHH AoaHacbeBHu IIpoTacoBol.
TaKOMy c6jaiineHiio oco6emHo cuoco6cTBOBajiH 3aHlTia EyKOacKaro
c% naeMqanHHHaMH Bn3 1805-1808 rr. Ha RcTHO, HTO HEyKOBCKift,
BXOJiH BR saTpyAHITejbHoe noJIaoReHie EKaTepHHu AoaHacbeBHhl
IIpoTacoBoi, noTeplBmefi My3a U He HMBUeBIe AOCTaTOsHO
cpeACTB%' AJIs Toro, qTo6u AaTL CBOHM% AosepaClHM o6pasoBanie,
BbIhBaJcH IIOMOq' ea B', 9TOM'b. BOT'% MTO rOBaopHT Giorpa%,L
MyKOBCKaro o ero yieHHgaax%:
,,j HM aI- CqaCTbe 3HaTb HX% O6tHX' B% B'gftTt X'%
3KH8HH. XOTH B'b TeqeHie MHoroJI'aTHeil Bpaqe6Hoi IlpaKTHKH H

1) CM. 3arapaHH, *KyROBCKift H ero npouaBeAleni, cTp. 183-185.


U, -:'









63 J

RWWJ;2I MI-HoFHx% lqpeJnecTlUx% 14 OTJIIHtHO o6pa8qOBarHblx% meH-
m11H' Bb pam3bixr Kpyraxb o61L~eTfa, Ho o6pa3bI Mapui Hi
AJiemca-iHph AHapeeBw1, HpeK.L~eBpeMeHHO OCTaVB14BLH4X% CAiT%
H Apypeff cBoHx%, 2KPIBbI B MoeifH naMHTI4 AO CTapOCTH. BHIOjHt
HoHIMaio, KKb XyKOBCKifl Bceio ,7iyiiieio npHJl93acsj K% DTHM% wx-
RHIIiaM%, 14.3% KOTOPhIX'%, 4a88a2OCb, OWL HH TOP HH ApYrOP Ile
OT)Ia~Baar iipeHyumyeffBa" 1).
DO Bceft BAPORTHOCTI 80 B peMSI 9THXL 3mHHTill Bapoijlocl)
8% rI yKOBCKOMb TO 'YBCTRO qNCTOf 31061311 Kb M. A. I1POTaCOBOI4,
KOTopoe IIOTOMb 6bjio AJIJ9y1YKOBcKarO HCTOqHHHOMb H mHormx% pa-
AOCTeff, HO enie 6oJlbIIHHXr ropecTeg. llOATiep;KIveHie 5TOMY M61
HaxoAlHM% 8% J HeBHHmh XKYKOHcKarO. 9-I'o iiojui 1805 r. 2) ;RyKOn-
CKift BarmCaJI% c2it.ipy1ee: ,,ITO CO MHOlIO HpO1ICXOaHTNr? FpyCTb,
BoJIHeHie B% Aylllt, KaKOe-TO HeI43B'CTHOe 'IYBCTBO, KaKOe-TO
HejiCHoe i1ze2aaHie! Mo;KHo 211 6b]Tb B21io621eHHLiMb B% pe6eHKa?3).
Ho B% .AYmt1 Moefl caltanaaCL HepeMlHa H% pa3cy;KJeHiH e.9! TpeTiri
AeHb rpycTeHL, yHbla1%. OTelr'O? OTTOrO, qTO oua ytxaiaa! Pe6eHoWL!
Ho R ce6t ee HpeUtCTaBJ211o 8% 6yUyIyeM%, 8%b TO BpeHmS, Krorga
3B313pawuycb 13%b IlyTellteCTBiH, 8% 6o0JbfIeMrb COBepileHCTBt. Bilmy
ee He TaKoio, KaKO~a o~a Terleph, HO TaKOio, KaKOBa OHa 6yjteT%
TorAa, 1 C% HtHOTOphlMr HeTeplItHieMr 8T0 ce6t npe)cITaB1aio.
3TO qYBCTBO POAJHJIOCb Bapyrb, OTqerO -- He 311io, HO 214a21i0
nTo6bi OHO COXpaHHJIOCb"
B% JIHp lWh DTOrO iiepioita eCTb CTJJXOTBOpeHiff, OTHOCHiHtCHM
Kr% MapbI AHipeeBBL. TaKOBO ieTBPepocTruie, I1OcBa1LJieHHoe
elt 8% 1806 P.
Moil Apyrr 6e3UjtHHl1a, 6yJ12 CHOKOAHa!
Ja 6yayiuaro MpLLKr% Te6H He yCTpalllHT%;
jyma TBOR 'qHCTa! Tbl ClaCTiHi AOCTOinfra!
Te6H BceBbuu1ilt HarpaAU4T%!


1) .Hpyrie OTramn yiKa3aaH y A. JIsrneHxo, JIHTepaT. BUCT. 1902, III. 285.
OTshaB A. F1. Kepn' y 3arapHHa, cTp. 324.
2) CTp. 13.
3) Mapbt AHrpeeBHt 6s0JIO Torga 12 naT% (poi. BT 1793 r.).
5*









64

B2 1808-1809 r. IKyKOBClii HanHcanL CTHX.: ,,IK
(IianjeTy" (Aa. Hn. TypreHeBy), rPt eCTb CTpOKH, KacaioulisHc
MapbH AHApeeBHu:
JIo6oBL.... Ho S Rfa mo6BH Hanrejb ojlay MeqTy,
Be.yMina THKKif COHL, TOCKy 6e3a pa3A$jeHbH,
I HeBO8BpaTHoe Haae2mEK yHHqTo;eHbe.
HacHKiumiuH Ayul HanojHIO Ib rlyCTOTy?
KaKoe cqacTie MHt Ba 6yaymuIeM HSBICTHO? ...
Ca KaKI4M' 6u TOpmKeCTBOM' SI BeTpfTI4JI' MOI n11KOI,
KorAa 6% BCttx 6JarL seaMHux'L, Bcelt KH3HH npHHomeHbeM'L
l MOPr o cJaaflift COH'! TOft CqaCTbe HCKyHnTb,
Ca Ki1rML ape6ii He cyAMJlJ MHII XHHb MOIO AAiHTLb! ....
HaKOHeII, K2 1808 r. OTHOCHTCH ,,HIICHIH" (Mofl Apyr,
xpaHHTeja-aHPreji' MOif ...), IIOCBlIgeHHaH Mapbt AHApeeBt B'L
AeHh ea pomAenia, rjir pa3BsAsmeeca qyBCTBO nooTa HamaI ce6f
noIHoe supameHie. [nCHHs aTa 6biaa nonoHena Ha MyBSKy IepIrT-
CKHM'b KOMn03HTOpOM' BeifpayxoM%, 4a KyKOBCKif o BHIOCJIAjCTRiH C-a
yAOBOJILCTBieM'a npHCJIYUIBaIaaca K% ea HCnojHeHiiO.
BL 1808 r. KyKOBCKift oTnpaBse ca BR MOCKBy, rat npiarpa'L
Ha ce6a pejaaKTHpOBaHie ,,BfCTHHKa Esponu". Ha npoiaHmbe
OHa HanHcajaL no TOMy We nOBoJy 15-AiTifa JHa pomfieHis MapbH
AHApeeBHhl ajieropHuecKyIo noBUcTL: ,,TpH cecTpu". OTHOCH-
TejibHO 9TOR HoBf CTH 6iorpab AntjiaeT saaMt-anie: c BaTHX'L IOP'
qacTO CTaJIH BCTpitaThCa Ba IupoH3BeAeHinxb ;KyKOBCKaI'o reHiH
npoiueAmaro, HacTosluiaro H 6yAyjaro. (Cp. CTHX. ,Moa TaiHa").
OH1 HaMeKaeTTL pH TOM' Ha cqacTbe. B% neM' s8aKjitoqajocb
BTO CoaCTbe, no npeIcTaBseHiio MIyKOBCKarO, OTB'T'L Ha STOTL BO-
IpoC% MbI HaXOAHML Bb ero CTaTbt ,,KTO HCTHHHO o6pbji H cqacT-
JIHBaEl qeJIOBtK'L", a TaKKe B% ,,JHeBHHKt". CqaCThe j'KyKOBCKift
BHflHT' AOCTIHEH MhlMM JIH1IIL B1' CeMe]HOA MKH38HH ,,KJIO'K) K'
o6%aCHeHiKo MHOPHX'L C06OLTiaf 3tHHH M yKOBCKarO". J.T1HO AJia
ce6a KyKOBCKif CqHTaeTL CqaCTbe B03MOaHHIM'b BL JHII8HH C'L
,Mame1i" 1).

1) CM. y A. JIageHlKO. JIHTep. BUcTH. 1902, III, 284-285.




. ....' : %: : .*: % .. r :.P w*.:9 '- .F... V,7., T P.1,iif.




65

HaxoAjch B'b MocKBt, iMyKOBCKilf He MOI' OTptuIIHTbCI
OTT cBoero qsyCTBal), H B1 1810 r. OH Bepnayca s B
MHmuencKoe, rAt npeianca jr1HTepaTypHbIMa saHwTiIMa-. 'lepeas
HtKOTOpoe BpeMf OH 0 KynnHJ no coctacTBy cL MypaTOBIMb,
aepeBHefl E. A. LUpoTacoBolt, He6ojsmypo AepeBeHbKy, rIt H
noceanHcsH.
Meimvy TtMu qyBCTBo lnoBTa Tpe6oBano ce6t sebxoaa.
hiyKOBCKit cAepMHIani ero, HO saTO OHO npo6HBajiocb B' ero
CTHXOTBOpeHiaX%.

EcTb oHna BO Bcet BceeJeHHOf -
IKb Heft .yuia, H MUCJLb 06% Hefl;
IKb Heft cTpeMJIro, sa66mincb, pyKHI;
MnAult IIpHapaKa npOUH JeTHTb.
KTO Mxa MOH yCJIehAULHT MyKH,
Kmavy cepalAa yTOJIHT.'?" (iajio6a.)

Bi 1810 r. TKyKOBCKHM'L 6wbIo IOCBSHIIeHo Mapht AHApeeBHt
CTHX. ,,KI Hefl", HafAeHHoe B'L e IIO pTej)MI nocJit en CMepTH.
YIOMHleM'b TaKme CTHX.: ,,Ao6paa MaTh", ,,HlaAUncb KI COI-
HeqHUlM% qacaM'i,", ,,1HBeI 1".
jAae Ba nepesoAHuIx' CTHXOTBopeHiax%, KOTOpu~1 iyKOBCKial
KOHeqHO BIU6Hpajn> cOOTBtTCTBeHHO CBoeMy HacTpoeHi[O, BByqIHT%
Ta Me CKop6Hal HOTKa, KaKyIO MLI BHAsJIH B npHBe;IeHnHhlx'
CTHXOTBOpeHiHX%'. HasBeM'L CTHX. : ,,MeqTl", ,,2MeaaHie",
,,IBtTOK'b", ,,Y3HHK'L K'h MOTLJIbKy" H ynIOMaHyTbIJ y;Ke:
,,Maano6y" H ,,IIyTeuiecTBeHHHKb".
HacTajr 1812 roAi. 2yKOBCKilf, OOeBHAHO, yBtpeHHiul BO
B3aHlMHOCT MapbH A pHApeesaH, ptuiHnaca o6iracrHHTbC Ci EK.
Ae. IIpoTacoBolt H IInnpOCITL pyKH MapbH AHApeeBHu. ECTm
H3BtcTie, HTO B' nepBbItR pasa HIyKoscKii o616lcHHnnIcn ci E. A.


1) HaTepecHo HanelaTaHHoe Bb N2 19 BtCT. EBp. HpHMntqaHie JyKoBciaro
KE CT. ,Menaaxomia", xapaKTepHayioinee AymeBHoe COCTOanie InoaTa B' TO
BpeMa. CM. y 3arapHHa, CTp. 123-128. Cp. CTHX. ,,ntCHa" (1808-1809):
,DiaCTJIHB'L TOT' . ." H ,InyTeIIIeCTBeHHHErb."








66

IIpoTacoBOFl Ba 1810 r.. EKaTepHHa AoaHacbeBHa, HI;CKOJlbKO
4)opMaJnbHo oTHocHBsuraca K'b ycTaHOBJieHijiM, jjepKBN, Hao'rptis
oTKasaJna KyKOBCKOMy, cchblaach Ha pOACTBO, tM ame aaupeTHJa iKy-
KOBCKomy roBoplTL 0of6 DTOM' eff, TtMb MeHte Aoqepa{M%. HaupacHo
yRKOBcKift AoKa8BaJai' elt, qTO IlpenaTCTift n10 POACTBY HtTb.
EK. Ae. He conJamanacb, H JIyKOBCKif aoJ017eHn 6lJ1i ycTyHITb.
TamKo 6u6o tIyKOBCKOMy JIHUIHTbCH HaAeUi1L Ha ocylecTBJle-
Hie MeqTb, KOTOpyIO OH' TaK' AojIro eJIitH J%. CKop6Hoe qyacTBO
ero He MOrPO 6hlTb CKpUTO, HecMOTpa Ha 3anpeuIeHii EKaTepHHL
AeafacbeBHi. 3 asrycTa, Bs coct HeMu HMtHi ,,qepHb", B'L AeHb
poIKAeHiH B snaa1bia A. A. H.eukteeBa, B' I upcyTCTBiH MHorO'lcJletH-
HblX' rOCTeft, 6hjio HnIOJIHeHO Dnoj0ofeHHoe Ha My38lKy CTixoTnopeHie
AtyKOBCKaro ,,1joIBeui ". EKaTepHla AeaHacbeBHa OCTaAacb olieHb
BTHM' HeAOBOJIbHa, upenuonaraH, qTO X yKoBCKif B- ETOM', CTHXO-
TBopeHift HaMe~Kaib Ha CBoe inoJOKeHie. CKopo EKyKocuKit uo-
CTyuHJI B't MocKOBCKoe OHOj.qeHie.
12-i-i rogA BBiBaian BHa cepaulaxb pyccKHxI JiroAefl Bspu~h1
naTpioTanecKaro qyBCTBa. B. A. XyKOBCKifi TaKme pa3a'1jjgir'
o6iuee oaymeBjeHie. K t TOMy-To BpeMeHH OTHOCHTC I ,,I 'BseIb
BO CTaHT pyCCKHI4X BOHHOB'L', IIupHHTbllt Cb 9HTy3ia3MOM%. Ii
cpeAH BoeHHOIf O6CTaHOBKH He 3a6ujwi IIOBT% CBoeiA ,,Malll".
Ax%! MhCJlb 0 TOIR, KTO BCe AJI7 Hac'b,
Ha[m% C[UTHHK'I HeH8SMtHHblfl;
Be3AA 8HaKOMbhl CJilUIHMI% rJIac%,
3pHMM o6pa83 Heaa6BeHHhlt;
OHa Ha 6paHHblxb 8HaMeHax%,
Ona B% IWJay cpameHbB,
H1 BI ulyMt cTaHa, H BHa MeqTax%
Becenux% CHOBHjiHLH.
MemAy TtM TTameatejil Hetyr, (ropHIKa) 3acTaBHsJI, My-
KOBCKaro OTCTaTb OT- apMiH n ytxaTb Ania noupanBeHia 8,opoBba
Ha poHnHy, Kyaa OH' H npH6Luj 6 aHB. 1813 r.
B% MypaTOB1L KyKOBCKif He HamelJI' om0HaeMaro 0KOH.

1) Biorpaq. owepKi ~KyKOBCKaro, cocTaBJIOenfH npoo. ApxaHrejcnKHM'b.








67

OKOJIO TOrO BpeMeHH CKOHsanca ero Apyrb B. H. IKpteBCKif, N My-
KOBCKOMy upHm locl b yTt~laTb CBOIO nlJeMaHHnIy, BJMOBy KHpteR-
cKaro, ABAOTHbI [IeTpOBHy. CioAa IIPHcoe~,HHHIOCb jPpyroe HecqacTie.
OKono EToro BpeMeHH Mapbh AunpeeBHa ysHnaja o jiio6BH K%
ce6o ;KyKoscKaro. Cyposoe OTHOmeHie MaTepH norlfCTBOBajio Ha
Ht HyIO upnpoAIy AfBymKH, i Mapba AHApeeBHa saxnopana
cepioaHo. 3AOposBe ea oeHb TpeBOlKRIo fKyKOBCKarO, qTO BHJAIHO
iwh rIHceM'. TaKI, B nHCbM H Ma 1Mi AB.I. eTp. RIpteBCKoi 1),
OH', COBtTya eft 3a6hiTb o CMepTH Mymaa, ipejalaraeT' eft sa-
HaSTbLC Ha6JIOlAeHieM, 3a CocToHHieM% MamHHa 3AopoBbl: ....
,,Teneph BcaKoe HOBOe noTpaceHie nary6Ho AJMa Mamu. (Dop%
((paHqys3 Bpas, B3SaTufI BS nH I-H H MsHBIumifi Bsb epHH ;
eMy nooT% nocB~lTHJI oco6oe CTHxoTBopeHie) roBOpHT%': il est
bien temps de prendre des precautions serieuses" .. .Oco6JnBo
c'i MameIoK) OJIIHO 6blTb KaKt MOHO OCTOp0OXHte. Bu 3HaeTe,
qTO BCe nataeT' UPlMO K'b Heft Ha cepAie H Bs HneM ocTaeTca:
OHa CKpbBaeT% BcIaKOe oropqeHie B caMoft ce6 . . IocMo-
TpHTe Ha Hee. 3Ta CJIa6oc'r~h pocTo MeHa ymacaeT%. MHiaa,
BaM% MOiKHO 6uIT eH xpaHHTeJIeMm'. jafITe ;Re MH't CJIOBO, qTO
C' 8TOFl MHHyTuI Aame 1 Toraa He oropsuTe ee CBOHM% yupe-
KOM%, Korla 6b HMtJIH Ha TO npaB. . BeceJIocTh AynHIH
nymKHte jiJa Hee BCtxb ()opOBuxb% jiKapCTB%, H sl BJiaAteTe
9THMu BapHHM' JItKapCTBOM . .. ECJIH HtT% 6o0J'1iHH, TO
HMaB 8TOro He CjnijiyeT% eme, qTO HtT% Hy;AfUb H BT npeAOCTO-
poarHOCTH. HanpoTHB%, upH TaKOM% XHJIOM% a3opoBbt, KaKOBO
Maruino, HyMKHO IHMT'IT OCTOpOKHOcTb HeyChunHYIO 14 He OCTaBJIH Tb
6e3a saMtqaHia HiH MaJItfleft 6e8lAti14rI".
3TO nHCbMO HMt'eT% oco6eHHbUf CMUCJI' a B, BAHiy TOrO, qTO
OTHomeHia EKaTepHnu AeaHacbeBHUh K' Mapib AHApeeBH' He OOTJIH-
qanHCb oco6eHHO HI mHOCTLIO 2). B% ApyroMI HnHCMt Ha HMMH
ABAOTbH IHeTp0BHI OH% OrnaTL COBtTyeT% efl He npeAaBaTLca roplo,
a 3aHHTbca B0ocnHTaHieM' A'eTeIf, npH qeMs nopyiaeT% ,,Mamy" y


1) Pyc. CTap. 1883, J, 1, cTp. 189 etc.
2) C.. JIHT. BtcT., 1902, III, 281. ,HeBH. 25 cTp.


L '








68

eH oco6eHHOMy BHHMaHiIO. jtaeTa 8TO OH% ,,jJIH co0CTBeHHarO
cqacTbIb", KOTOpoe OH'L BHAHT% TOJILKO B' HX%' ,,MHJIOM% Kpyre".
a H a.IH ero no9THMecKOIR caaBbh OHH AOJIaHbH ,CTapaTbHc 6hlTb
CKOJIb MOKHO cqaCTJIHB'e", TaKi% KaK%, ,,6e3' AyaleBHarO C11o-
KOfICTBia HeJib8 TpyAIHTLC C% ycnHxoM'."
,Jjia TOPO, HT06hl BblhICHHTI Bonpoc%, BO8MOJHO JIH lJ1H HerOO
cqacTbe Cb Mamefl, ZKyKOBCKifi npI6tranai K6T aBTOPHTeTy yBa-
;aembxMhI ayXOBHUlX H CBtTCKHX' JIHu'L; Metlty FpoMHMu oco-
6eHHO OHT- HaaAJiJICH Ha aBTOpHTeT% HB. HB. JIOnyxHHa, MacoHa,
ejOBmtKa, JIHHHO M3BBCTHarO HMuepaTopy AIeKcaHApy I. 1) Jho-
nyxHH%, K% KOTOpOMy EKaTepHHa AeaHacheBHa OTHOCHJmacb C% yBa-
KeHieMb 2), OTHeCCH oqeHh coqyBCTBeHHo KbH aAy YKyKOBCKarO, H
HKyKonBCi nf ai o BJiaHieM ib Toro yKe co03ajin ce6t HAeajiL THxaro
cqacTbsJ. aymeBHoe cocTOfHie ero BUpa7KaeTCa B% CJItAyIOIItNHX
CJIOBaxb: ,CaM% 6pocllT CBoero cqacTb He H ory", sn4meT oH%:
,,nycKait ero y MeHa BblpByT%; IycKaa ero MHt 3anpeTHT'b; Toria,
no KpaflHeft Mtpt, He j 6yjyy npHqHHoi CBoeaf yTpaTb" . .
Meaiy TtMu, Mapba AHApeeBHa qysBCTosana ce6a HeJIOBKO
no OTHomeHilO K% aKyKOBCKOMy, TaK% KaKa 06oiacHeHia MOefly HHMH
He 6u5io, XOTH OHa H 8HaJIa o Jo116BH K% ce6t XYyKOBcKarP. HaKo-
Henl, o6iacHeHie npoHaaoomo i 6UJo LnpHq4HOt CeInbHaro raHBa
EKaTepHHu AeaHacbeBHbu.
B% 1813 r. aB ceMbt flpoTacoBux II noHBEICH AOBOJIbHO
aII3BI'THUblf caTHpHqecKif nncaTeib AJnecaHAp- OGeAopouIBH
BoeIlKOBb3), BnOCJItICTBiH npo4[eccop% pyccKofl JITepaTyphu BH
jepnTt. CTaB mKeHHxoMb AjeKcaHApu AHApeeBHl, BoeflKOB' Ha-
CTOJIbKO MBtHHJIh CBOH OTHoilmeHiHa K JyKOBCKOMy 4), BBeAmueMy ero
B' CeMlbO 1poTacoBux', qTOKyKOBCKin BAHymAeHn 6w1% yAa.iHThca
B8b 1epHb K'b HfjeI1eeBUM%. OTcioxa, o6oApeHHufl JIOUnyXHUM'b,
MHTP. (DwAapeTOMu' H Ap., AyKOBCKift eaie pasB npitxana'L My-
paTOBO HnoIbTaTL cqacOTr TaKI KaK H 3HaKOMle BSRMJIHCL pacuo-
1) Cp. P. Apx. 1883, II, 313-314.
2) Ibidem, 316, npHnMt.
3) Ero xapaTepHcTHKa y 3arapHHa, cTp. 155.
4) XyKOBCceit OIHO Bpes meJ aaJI ce65t ame CMepTH. Pyc. CTap.
1883, II. 438.




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