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Title: Sbornik Ucheno-literaturnago obshchestva pri Imperatorskom ëiìur§ evskom universitetëiìe
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076228/00002
 Material Information
Title: Sbornik Ucheno-literaturnago obshchestva pri Imperatorskom ëiìur§ evskom universitetëiìe
Physical Description: 22 v. : ; 24 cm.
Language: Russian
Creator: Ucheno-literaturnoe obshchestvo pri Imperatorskom ëiìur§evskom universitetëiìe
Publisher: Tip. K. Mattisena
Place of Publication: ëIìur§ev
Publication Date: 1899
 Subjects
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: T. 1 (1898)-t. 22 (1916).
General Note: Description based on: T. 3 (1900).
General Note: Latest issue consulted: t. 5 (1902).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076228
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 16017317

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page v
        Page vi
    Main
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
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    Back Cover
        Page 205
Full Text
APr- -3978


CBOPH K'b

Yqe.H JH4TepaTypHaro

06uyecTBa
IPH

HMIIEPATOPCKOMI
IO)peBICOM'b YHHBepCHTeTi.



TOMr II.








IOPbEB'b.
THnorpa(in K. MaTTaceHa.
I899.


2


Sept 1902.


..I -7f








CBOPHHK'b

YqeHO iHTepaTypHaro

OOGecCTBa
HPH
HMIIEPATOPCKOMI


IOpbeBCROM'b YHHBepCHTeTe.



TOMT II.







IOPbEB'L.
THnorpaqia K. MaTTHceHa.
1899.
































leqaTaHno no onpeatieHiio Yieno JIHTepaTypHaro 06mecTBa npH
H M n e p a T op o C M IOpLeBCKOML YHHBepCHTeTe.
ToBapIHmb rlpeact;aTeina O6mecTBa:
M. KpameHHHHHHIOBL.




































*t










COAEPXAHIE.


OTJS JI b 0)4 $HUIAJIbHblfl.
1. CBtlHia o J AiTeCJbHOCTH 06mecTBa 3a BTOpoi (1898-99) roa-
ero cymecTBOBaHi . . .. . .. . . VII
2. OTqeTri o a$tTejinHOCTH CoBtTa 06mecTBa . . . X
3. HsBneieHnia H3% IpTOKOJIOB% sactlaHifi 06mecTBa . XII
4. OTqeT, no i acct . . . . . . . .. XX
5. OTqeTTi o COCTOMHiH 6H6nioTeKH . .. . . .. . XX
6. CIncoKib uJieHOBL 061uecTBa . . ... . ..... XXI

rpHAnomceH i.
7. lpaBHnna HsaHia ,,C6opHuKa" .. . . . . XXV
8. 3aKniomeHie COBITa 06urecTBa no noBoay HecCHOCTeCi
HtIKOTOpHXl YcTaBa 06mecTBa o61 OTa-ljeHilxrb
06mecTBa ......... ......... XXVII
9. IIpoToKOJr peBHaioHHOfi KOMMHCCiH 1897-98 roaa . XXIX
10. 3aKiioqeHie COB.Ta OduiecTBa no noBoay BlsmenpHBeaeH-
Haro nporoKona peBHaioHHOii KOMMHCCiH . . . XXXII
II. CMuBTa AoxOIOBTo H pacxolOB 06mxecTBa sa BpeCM OT-b
27 anptis 1898 r. no 26 anp. 1899 roaa . . . XXXVII

OT'RIJI'b HAYMHbIa.
I. flpoQ. A. C. B y An n o BH I -. 0 aHaemHiH B)b cnaBaHCKOfi HCTO-
pin 6HTBbI noa TaHHeH6eproMH'-FpIoHBaiao . . I.
2. rIpoc. A. C. By n H no B H l K xapaKTepHCTHKH nafixauiRaro 21
3. B. E. ,. a H Hn e B n CAysafinHbla 3aMBTKH B- o6aaCTH HO-
BHfimefi pyccKoft HymHamaTHKH . . . . . . .66
4. Hlpo4. M. E. K p a c H o ) e H b. 3HaMeHHTbIi pyccKit KanHOHuCT
A. C. HaBinoB'b (cs nopmpemoMs A. C. Ilasaoea) . .. .71
5. H. H. H B a H o B i. OnucaHie pyKonHCH cnaBaHcKaro eBaHrenia,
HafiAeHHOii BE r. IOpbeBt . . . . . . . 98
6. M. H. CToa po b. H. M. I3bIaKOB' BI IepnTt . ... .121
7. A. n. IaB a o B1 H I. 3HaMeHcKii. (HeKponori.) . 150

rIAMSITH A. C. IYIIIKHHA.
8. TaputecTBeHHoe 3actaaHie O6mecTBa 23 Mas 1899 r., nocea-
meHHoe qecTBoBaHil naMHTH A. C. IlymuHHa . ... . .155
9. Irpo@. npoToiepefi A. C. a p e B c i t. CJOBO, npoH3HeceH-
Hoe npeanl nalxHHxoio no A. C. Ilymurwx B'b aeHb TopmecTBeH-
Haro 3ac-aaHia O6mecTBa 23 Maa 1899 roaa .... . .. . 158
o1. H. H. H B a H 0 B %. 0 BocnHTaTeAHOM' sHaqeCHiH no33iH
fIymiKxH a . . . . . . . . . . . .. 161
iI. M. H. CToa po B CTapbii a.epnTI Ba musH3HH H no33iH
A. C. nymiKna . . . . .. . . . . . 187










*, ** *'

































'i























OTXIb o~HI~iJ~b~~ik





















I'


- ., .( .

















CBt H tH
o AftrITeWJIHOCTH YqeHo-JIHTepaTypHaro 06mOecTBa npH
HMIIEPATOPCKOM'b IOpheBcKOM% YHHBepcHTeTe 3a
BTopoAf (1898-99) rojA ero cymgecTBonaHia.


B- HCTeKmeM-b BTOpoM-b rojy CBoero cymuecTBOBaHni YVeHo-
JIHTepaTypHoe O6mecTBo npn HIMnepaTopcKonM IOpbeacKOM'-
YHHBepcHTerh npoaonjcajio, no M-pt cHJi CJIYmCHTb ocy-
mtecTBJIeHio cBoef 3anaqH, npH qeMb pes3yJbTaTOMu ero yqeno-
jaHTepaTypHOR nJfreTeJIbHOCTH HBJiAeTC BLbImeLumift B' CBsbT'
II TOMb C6opHHKa TpyAOBT O6mecTBa. KIpoMt TOrO, Cb yBe-
JIHqeHieM'b iHCJia CBOHX HJIeHOB', BT COCTaB- KOTOpbIX-' BXOJlHT
3HaaqTelbHaR qacTL npenonaBaTesaje paSHIHHux-b yqe6HblXE 3a-
BereeHif r. KOpbeBa, O6u~ecTBo HamJIO BO3MOHiHbIMB pacmiHpHTa
CBOIO ajbHTeJIbHOCTb OTKpbITieM'b npH HeM'b neiarornqecKaro
OT+aneHiH. YqeHo-JIHTepaTypHoe O6ImecTBO B-E HCTeKlime'b
roMy He OCTaBaJIoCb TaKle paBHonymHbHM'b K'b BbijalIOI[HMCH
co6bITinMb yMCTBeHHO6f pyccHKO mH3HH: BM'CTh Co BceIO Poccieio
OHO upHHIJIO yqacTie aB secTBOBaHi H IaM BXTH IByX- 3HaMeHH-
Tbix' nncaTejnei seMjnH PyccKO B. F. BnIHHCKaro (no cnyqaro
50-TH j aTiSF CO BpeMeHH cMepTH nocJI AHro) n A. C. HymIKHHa
(no cjiyqa o CTOJIbTiI Co JIHH ero poEseHi5*), npn qeM-b H14MBIO
yJOBOJIbCTBie BH JLSTb B'b CBOHX'- actJhaHnix', ycTpoeHHbix-b no
ceMy IOBOJny, KpOMt CBOHX'b qIeHOB'b, MHorO nOCTOPOHHHX'-
JHITa coqyBCTByIOrmHXb 06mecTBy. 9TO co'yBCTBie KIb saaa-
'qaMn roKaro O6mUecTBa co CTOpOHbl MtCTHOH pyccKOF HHTeJJIHreH-
Hin cnjym Tb jyqmnHM' 3ajoroM-b inajhHbsHaro ero npeycnranHi%.

*) IIaMaTH a3aMeHHTaro emiCKaro HCTOpHKa -IajiauKaro YqeHo-
JIITepaTypHoe O6mecTBo TaKwre IOCBaITHJIO aact.aHie 3-ro ORTa6pA
1898 roAa, BaI KoeM'b IfpeAciAaTeJIb 06mecTBa A. C. ByanHnIOBHW cat-
jnanJ coo6igeHie: ,,Ki xapaKTepHcTHK II lajaiiaaro".

I*


c'
I
~h~ll
, i .,. I




*


VIII

YVeHo-JIHTepaTypHoe 06mteTBO Haqajio CBOIO lrahTeJb-
HOCTb Bb HCTeKieeM'b roAy npH cJreJlyioiaeMsb COCTaBt nojnw-
HOCTHbIX'b JIHLb :
HpeActIaaTeIb O06mecTsa PeKTop' HMnepaTopcKaro IOpbea-
cKaro YHHBepcHTeTa A. C. Bya HI o BH -b.
ToBapHmub ero npojeccopb Toro -me VHIBepCnTeTa M. H.
Kpam eHHHH HO Bb.
CeKperapb npoCbeccopi Toro me YHHBepcHTeTa M. E.
KpacHomeH-b.
Ka3Haqefi inpoceccopb Toro me yHHBepCHTeTa C. K. B o -
rymeBCKi H.
nieHbI COB+Ta 06umecTBa: npo(eccop> Toro we YHH4epCHTeTa
B. F. A e K c e B s, HHCneKTOp'b HaponHbilx yqHanHm-
E. A. rpa B H T H apeKTop- IOpbeBcKOfi rFMHa3iH
H. H. HBaHoB -b.
B16iaioTeKapb npojeccopb IOpbeBCKaro YHHBepcHTeTa A. cI-
3anHHCKifi.
LIjeHaMH PeBHsioHHoFi KOMMHCCiH CoCTOHJIH: HHCneKTop% pe-
aAbHaro yqana'i a B. O. 3 a H npenoIasaaTejib IOpeB-
CKOf rHMHa3iH H. 1I. 3H a M e H CK i (HblH yMepmiif) H
npo)eccop- IOpbeBcKaro YHHBepcHTeTa npoToiepef A. C.
LI a p e B c i B- saci$aHin 29 Man cero ronja BM'CTO
cKoHaBluaroca H. H. SHaMeHcHaro JieHOM-b PeBaHioHHsof
KoMHcciH H36paH'b ;oueHTb IOpbeBcKaro BeTepHHapHaro
HHCTHTYTa 51. K. HeroTHH'b.


KpoM-t ronatsaro sacInaHia 1o man 1898 roaa, 06uiecTBo
B'b oTqeTHOM- 1898-99 roXy HMJIn 4 3aKpbITbIX'b 3aaclaHia,
BTb KOTOpbIX'1 npHCyTCBOBaJIH, Ha OCHOB. 23 YCT. O6m., TOJIbKO
qjieHbl O6mecTBa. 3aci$aHis a3T npoHcxo:lHJIH: 22 oKTa6ps
1898 r.; 18 MapTa, 12 H 29 Man 1899 r.
B- 3aKprbTbUX 3sactiaHiix'b Hus6pa.incb yKaaaHHbiM'b B'b
6 YcT. 06m. nop5aKoM-b qajeHb 06mxecTBa, a TaKme o6cymiaa
nHCb H p+tmanticb BawHHufmiU ana- o6- oTKpbiTin neaarorHqe-
cKaro OTakjieHi 06muecTBa, o6- yqacTiH O6uecTBa Bb npas3 o-
BaHin cTOJITHeHe rOIROBuI.HbH pomCeniA A. C. HyunKHHa H ap.
OTKpblTbIXb 3acInaHift O6TecTBa Bb OTqeTHOM'h rojy 6b1mo,
HpoMt roja qHaro 3acJaaHia 10 Man 1898 roAa, 9, a HMeHHo:
30 Mas, 3 H 22 OKT16pa, 4 AeKa6ps 1898 r.; 18 H 31 MapTa,
29 anptJTi, 14 H 23 MaH 1899 r.








IX

B- OTKpblTbIX-b 3ac'ijaHinx'b BbICJaymUiBanimcb n o6cyitlaaJicb
pedepaTbl a coo6meHis r.r. qjieHOB 06mrecTBa. Bcex-L pe4epa-
TOBb Ha yKa3aHHblX'- 3acRlaHilx-b 6bJIo npoqHTaHo ii, a HMeHHO:
1898 r. Io Man A. C. ByHnaoIBMHqemu: ,,H-hcKOAiKO
AaHHblX'i H coo6paxeHifi o6'b ycnr'xax'b pyccxaro H3biKa
B'b aeprnTCKO-IOpbeBCKOM'b YHHBepcHTeTr B- TeKym.eMb
CTOJIoTiH".
3-ro OKTRi6pI A. C. BylHAJIOBHu eM : ,,K- xapaKTepH-
CTH[h KnaiauKaro (no noBoay HeJaBHR Iro 6Hjine)".
22-ro OKT56pSI M. E. K paCHO (e HOM : ,,HaMHTH npo4.
A. C. HaBioBa."
4-ro eneKa6p A. B. H K T CK H M : ,HoBarH KHHra. H3-
HCTOpiH AeHHn C. A. )}e6ejeBa."
1899 r. i8-ro MapTa H. 1. H BaHO B b M b: ,O pyKonHCH
uepxoBHo-cjiaBsH caro EsaHreii, HaraeHHoi B-b r. IOpbeB$."
3I-ro MapTa M. H. KpamteH HHHK Bbl M b: ,,AHTHqHbIi
poMaH%- H ero npecCTaBHTejiH."
29-ro anp-biH M. H. C T o p O.B bIM h: ,,H. M. 5aIblOB-b
B' R epnrb."
A. C. H e B 3 o p o B : ,,CopoKajiATie meHCKaro
yqHjanMa PyccKaro BaaroTBopHTeJbHaro O6mecTBa (Ba
r. IOpbeBt' JIHnln. ry6epHin)".
14-ro man M. H. K pameHHH HHK OB bl M': ,,B.JH6JIeHHOCTb
HI e JieqeHie B-a apeBHOCTH H Tenepb."
23-ro Man H. H. H B a H o B M : ,,BocIHTaTeJIbHOe 3HaqeHie
noa3iH A. C. flyLnKHHa."
M.H. CTOJIIspOBbiM-: ,CTapbli jepnTrb B -bHHHH
H B- fln33iH A. C. HymIKHHa."


12 Man 1899 r. cocToaJIocb sactJ1aHie nenarorHnecKaro
OTlutseHis YeHi eo JITHTepaTypHaro 06muecTBa, im H36panii,
corn.acHo 19 yCT. O6m., npeJacitaTeJHI, Tosapmua npecjija-
TeJIH a ceupeTap. IH36paHHblMH OKa3a.rHCb H. H. BaHOB' -
iipeac$nLaTejeM-b neaaroraHecxaro OTa$njieHi, E. A. FpaBHsT
-ToBapnem-eb npexacaeaTejis H B. O. 3a u-b ceKpeTapeM- *).

*) 2 iIoHH nelarorHqeccoe OTA$ieHie HMajio nepBoe sac$ianie, Ba
Koems H. HI. HBaHOBa cA-tiaaJ ABa coo6ilieHia: a) ,,rIaMflTH A. A. Xo-
Banclaro" H 6) ,,K- HCTopiH aonpoca o npHroToBjeHiHn ysHTeaefit An
cpeanHHX' yte6niaix7b saBeaeHii".








X

BcixI qnjeHOBs O6uecTBa wK KOH!Uy oTqeTHaro roaa
COCTOHTr 6 *); BC+ OHH j :afifCTBHTeJIbHbIe 9qjeHb ; B' TOM' 9HCJI'-
aJin-b, HaxoJimuIHxcS Ha yqe6HOfi cjiym6t s- IOpbeBCKOM-h YHH-
BepcHTeTb, 29, npo0Hx-b JIHan 32; WHBYymHxY B- r. IOpLeaB 58.
B- HcTeKImeM- roAy O6mecTBo noHecio nepByio yTpaTy,
BH JaHUB cKOHqaBsuarocH fhi+CTBHTe.bHraro qIeHa H. n. 3Ha-
MeHCKaro. 12 Man cero roaa 6bija oTcjiyxeHa naHHXHjla no
yconmeMt1 Hi Bab sac+AaHiH TorO wie qaHcJa naMHTb ero noMTeHa
qjieHaMH 06uecTBa BCTaBaHieM-b.





OTteT I
o AtaTeaIbHOcTH COBtTa 06IecTaa.


COB+Tb OmecTBa HM3JI% 13 co6paHifi, a HMeHHO: I iHlHR,
20 ceHT26ps, 24 oKTsI6pS, 10 AeKa6pa 1898 roaa; 29 9HBaps,
13 MapTa, 3, 15, 19, 25 Man, I, 2 H 3 i OH.,
3aHElTiH COBTa 3aKIjHi'aJIlHcb B-h cjalyo leMb:
I. COBtT O coo6mana 06mecTBy CB taHin KRaHAIHIaTax-h,
npeJiaraeMbiux K-b H36paHilO B'1 qjieHu O6mecTBa; 60Jbiuan
qacTb 3THX'b KaHJlHaIaTOB' 3aHBJXHJIa CBoe HmejaHie BCTynHTb B-
qieHbI O6m.ecTBa qepe3a Koro-nI6o H3s- qjieHOB-b COB-Ta.
II. 06cyina.ana Bonpocbi o speMeHH COSBaHiH 3ac+,aaHifi
06mLecTsa.
III. B'i BHaax- yBeJ1nqeHia cpeJiCTB- 06mIecTBa, COBT%,
no npHM'tpy npomujaro rosa, o6painancji c- xo0aaTaICTBOMnb B-s
ipaBseHie IOpbeBcKaro YHHaepcHTeTa O HaaHaqeHiH cy6cnuin
H3-b cneuiaJ bHb X cpeACTB-h yHHBepcrTeTa. IlpaBieHie OT-
HecJIOCh Kb ITOT npocb6t coqyBCTBeHHO H Ha3Haq9HJo O6mecTay
noco6ie, aB pas3Mp- 300 p. Ha 1899 rowa,.
IV. Osa6oqiHsaHcb yBeJlqeHieM-I 6H6ajioTeK 06mecTBa,
COBBTT o6pamanJcq a K pa3JI qHbIMi yqeHb]M' yqpemxeeHifMlh
c- npocb6olo o6- o6MiHt neqaTaHHbIMH H3naHiHMH H Rb OT-


*) K o KOHIny npomaaro (1897-98) roAa mcJIao qsjeHOBr O06mecTsa
paBHsaJocb 57.



i
(.. .








XI

H+3JIbHblM'b jiHntua c-I npocb6oIo o nomepTBosaHin HXb neqaT-
HbiX-b TpyaoBb B-b 6Hi6aioTeKy 06mecTBa.*) Ha npocb6y aTy
OTO3BaJIHCb BeCbMa COqyBCTBeHHO, KaK- H-BKOTOpbIf yqeHbIl
yqpe(naeHil, TaKb H 9aCTHblH JIHaa, KOHM'b COB-T'b CqHTaeTb
JAooroM'b BbIpasHTb CBOi3 rJiy6oKyFo 6aaroaapHocTb.
V. 03a6oqanBacb pacnpocTpaHeHieM-' I TOMa C6opHHKa,
HsnaHHaro 06meCTBOM'b B'b 1898 r., COBT'rb 06mtecTBa ca-Tbaan
ny6jnHKauiH o BbixoAJ Bab cBtT'b aToro TOMa H poananib oTaiab-
HbIe aKaeMnjapbi ero Ha KOMMHCiIO Bb KHH)HHble Mara3HHbl H
H'KOTOpblM' JIHaaMb.
VI. COBeTb 06mecTsa Bbspa6OTana npaBHna Ha3aaHia
C60pHHKa YleHo-JIHTepaTypHaro 06muecTBa**) H, BO Hcno.He-
Hie nopyienia o6maro co6paHis 18 MapTa 1899 r., no noBojly
OTKpbITiT neaarormqecKaro OT iaJeHi O6mecTBa, o6cyalunHm He-
5CHOCTH HtKOTOpbl'b naparpaosBYL' VcTaBa O6mrecTBa H COCTa-
BHJIs 3aKJioqeHie no 3TOMy Bonpocy***)
VII. B'b BHAy o6eaneqeHi l TBepaaro nopsxKa Ha sac Bla-
ninxb O06decTBa, B'b ROHXI-b n'JI3aIOTC5 coo6meHiH m npoHCXO-
aRTb npenis no noBOny cnx'b coo6neHini, COBT rbf) Hameju i
HyW{HbiM'b npHHZTh Ha 6yAymee BpeMq 3a npaBHao, qTo6bi flpen-
cJiaTejibCTBycfOrui nepenasaai- KOMy ja60 H3b qUjeHOB'- COBtTa
CBOH npaBa Ha TO BpeMH, Koraa OH'b CaMb AJaaeTb aOKJIaa-b ff).
VIII. HMcKoJlwbKo 3acaaHifi ff) COBBb IIOCB5BTHJIb BbI-
pa6oTK'- nporpaMMb TopmecTBeHHaro 3actlJaHiaH B- qeCTb A. C.
fIymiKHHa.
IX. HaKoHeim, Aj3ITenbHOCTb COB+Ta cocTolaa Bb HC-
nJIHeHiH nbpyqeHni O06mecTBa OTHOCHTeJbHO neqaTaHi~ ero
TyAOBab, npnH eM- peaaKtiu neqaTaeMblXb BO II TOMt C6opHHKa
CTaTef 6buja nopyqeHa ToaapHmy rIpenctaaTejn M. H. Kpa-
uleHHHHHKOBy.


*) JxJ HcxoamunxHx 6yMar- aBb OTqeTHOM% roay 6m o 140.
**) rTpaBHna 3aaaHia C6opHHRa noM3meHbI Bsa npHaomeHai N2 i.
***) 3aKJaxoeHie 3TO nOMilleHO B p npHjomeaixH Ma 2.
t) lo npenanomeHnio qaeHa COBtTa C. K. BorymeBcKaro.
ft) CjayaH 3TH YCTaBOMW Ol6mecTsa He npelycMOTpIHLu.
itt) 3, 15, I9 man 1899 r.











*~ ~~ .4




- ... '- 4' 1 ' *



XII




H3BJneeHia
H3a UpoTOKoaIoB' aacl~aHifi 061necTna*).


3actAaHie roAftHoe
10 MaH 1898 r.

Ha.ocHoBaHiH 20-ro H 2i-ro YcTaBa O6mecTsa, o1 Man
1898 r. cocTOasocb B- san$ COB-Ta IOpbeBcKaro YHHBepcHTeTa
nepBoe rojjqHoe 3ac+IaHie YqeHO-JIHTepaTypHaro O6imecTBa
npH HMnepaTopcKOMb IOpLeBCKOMb YHHBepcHTeTr.
B- 3acainaHiH npMcyTCTBOBsaJH qjeHb6 O6mecTBa rr.: B. F.
A.eKRceeBi, JI. C. BorymeBcKan, C. K. BorymeBcKiH, A. C.
ByaHj'oBtq-c, H. H. Bta aBciii, B. E. HaHHineBH~a A. (D. 3a-
qHHCKif, H. II. 3HaMeHCKii, H. H. HBaHOBb, H. JI. KOHJaKOBb,
M. E. KpacHomen-, M. H. KpaieHHHHHHKOB-b, 1.. JlayTeH-
6ax-, B. K. MajbM6epr-, A. C. HeB3opoaw-, A. B. H[nKTCKifi,
51. (D. Ose, E. B. UfJTyXOB'b, F. JI. TpeiHepb, A. C. LapeB-
cKifi, E. A. TepHoyCOBb, A. H. cHHC -CKi, a TaK)e MHorie no-
CTOpOHHie rOCTH.
Hocar cjOBa AUfiCTBHTejibHaro qJIeHa 06m.ecTBa npobec-
copa npaBociaBHaro 6orocJOBial npoToiepea A. C. ljapeBcKaro
o BaaHOM' saHaqeHin nepBaro pyccKaro yqeHO-JIHTepaTypHaro
06mecTBa Bsa 3atUHeM'b Kpat, 6buio coBepimeHHO 6iaroaap-
CTBeHHoe Mone6cTBie.
3a ThM%, flpeac'haaTejieM% 06mjecTBa A. C. ByjAnHnoBHieMb
npon3HeceHa 6biia ptqb, noa- 3arjiaBieM-b: ,,HCKOJIbKo aaH-
Hbix- H coo6pameHifi o6b ycn-hxax- pyccxaro a3b]Ka B'i
jeprTcKo-IOpbeBCKOMb YHHBepCHTeTr B'h TeKymreMeb CTOJI'fTiH."
Flocai o3HaqeHHofi p'nH, CeRpeTapemi O06mecTBa M. E.
KpaCHOHeHOM% npoqHTaH-b 6bI.T OTqeT-b O JIaTeJIbHOCTH YeeHO-
JIhTepaTypHaro O6mecTBa 3a HCTeKemii (1897-98) roib.

*) Ha ocHoBaHim 23-ro YcTaBa O6muecTBa, aacl;aaHia O6IecTBa
6InBaiOT 3aKpblTbUa H OTKpUITbIa. B- 3asaKpITHIXb npcyCTCTByIOTh ORHH
aeHJIeI 06mecTBa; B' OTKpbTbIX'L, KpoM% qJeHOB'b, MOryTb nIpycyTCTBO-
BaTb H rOCTH, BBOAHMbIe qJeHaMH, no 3aHBieHiMH o TOMb Ipeac~iaTejmo.








XIII

aJItafe, nojiomeHl 6blJIH: npOTOKonjr PenH3ioHHsof KOM-
MHcciH Y'eno-JlHTepaTypHaro O6muecTBa*) nH aKJiIOeHie Co-
BSTa 06u~ecTBa **), npuH eMwb no noBoJy nocji+alenHro BblCKaaaub
6bmna 3aM-qaHia r. r.: A. H. lJCHHCKHML, H. Hk. 4BaHOBbIMb,
A. C. ByaHnioBqeM-e, M. E. KpacHoweHoM'b, B. F. AJeKc-heBbiM'b,
A. C. HeB3opOBbIM-, C. K. BoryIneBCKHM-b H A. B. HHKnTCKHMtb.
Co6paHie nocTaHOBHJIO Ha 6yaymee BpeMn:
I) npoTOKOJIbI o6LHX- sactuaHifi O6iecTBa BecTH, no
npeMaHey, Ha OThJILHbIX'h JEHCTaxb, npH qeM-e A. C. Hea3opoBb
ocTaJicC npH oco6oM- MHnHiH;
2) uHypOBhX'b KHHFr' IJIH KBHTaHItiH, JJIH 3aniHCH npH-
xoxa H pacxoia aeHeWHbIX6b CyMM-' n ann KaTajoroBa nI onrcei
66n6ioTeK He saBORHTb, a nepeHyMepoBblBaTh JIHCTbl H cKpt-
rnJIARTb Hb HX'noIHCbIO H neqaTbfo; pa3Mp-T B3HOCOB'b KRaK Ha
KBHTaHLi5HXh, TaKb H H a opeUjK o6o3HaqaTb; nepeHoca me
yMM-b Ha RopemUlK KamalOi uBHnTaHUiH He OTM3qaTb; CTaTBI
pacxoaa a n ripxoxBa B- npnxofo-pacxoAHo~ KHHrt (KOTopas
XnoJIMHa HMiTb xapaKTep-b mypHana) nepeHyMepOBbiBaTb;
3) HOBonOCTynaK)IoIIR KHHrH npeA-hBJIBTb Ha npOCMOTp'1
rr. qjeHaMt O6mecTBa B'b o6IIm~Hx' co6paHiix.
3acjymaHua 6buna TaKie CM+iTa Ha 6yyymiii 1898-99 roAub.
Co6paHie nOCTaHOBHJIO OT4erb H CMtTy yTBepalHTb, npH-
qeM-b Bbipa3aHo CBOIO 6aaroAapHocTb Hpeac$naTejIo, CeRpeTapTo,
qieHaaMb COBTTa 06mUecTBa, qJIeHaMI PeBM3ioHHOf KoMMuCCin
H PenaKTopy I TOMa C6opHnKa yeHo-JIHTepaTypHaro O6mecTsa.
HI36paHbI B'b t$bCTBHTeAhIHbie 9jieHbl 06mecTBa, nocpeH-
CTBOM' 3aKpblTOiR 6ajnuoTHpOBKH (Ha OCHOB. 6-ro YCT. 06m.),
3acayHieHHbI4 opAc1HapHblri upogeccop HLMnepaTopcKaro KaaaH-
cKaro YHHBepcHTeTa H KasaHcKOf ,I yxOBHOi AKaneMiH H. C.
BepaHMKOB-b, HHClIeKTOpb IOpbeBCKO FnHMHa3in H. 5I. KanpiaHo-
BHq-b H yIqTejlb FopoacKaro yqHJHtua n. A. CnpOTKH'b.
Ha ocHOBaHiH Io-ro, I2-ro, I7-ro H 21-ro, npon3BeneHbI
6bIJIH BbI6opbl JOJIx{HOCTHbIX'b JnIHAb H qaJeHOB'b PeBHsioHHOi
KoMMHCciH ***).



*) CM. npHnomteHie N' 3.
**) CM. npHJomeKHie Ns 4.
***) JIHa 3TH noHMeHOBaHbI Bbhle (CM. CTp. VIII).







XIV


3actanHie
30 Maa 1898 rona.

B'b 3acBIaHiH rnpHCYTCTBOBaJIH nJleHbI Ol6mecTBa r.r.: H. A.
AaeKcaHapoa-, B. F. AjeKrc-eBa', B. A. AaaHacbes-b, JI. C.
BorymeBcKas, C. K. BorymeBcKifi, A. C. BynanHJIOBHb, H. H.
BhJI;aBCKif, M. A. FaHaepb, E. A. rpaBHTb, B. E. JIaHHineBaqs,
A. ID. 3SawHcKiri, H. H. 3HaMeHCKiW H. H. HBaHOBb, A. C.
HrHaTOBCKin, H. 5R. KnnpiaHoBH'-b, H. JI. KOHaaKOBb, M. E.
KpacHo)eHn, M. H. KpaImeHHHHKHOBb, B. K. MaibM6eprT,
A. C. HeB3opoaB, A. B. HHKHTcKif, 5. Q). Oae, A. [I. HaB-
JloBb, C. H. Pome, H. A. CKpI6HHb, M. H. CTroJIpoB-, A. H.
ToMCOH b, F. JI. Tpe(Hep- a M. A. R3HKOBHnb, a TaKoe MHorie
noCTopoHHie rOCTH.
ToBapHunw HIpenc$ieaTenj O6mecTBa M. H. KpameHHHHH-
KOB- cAIJiaaiab coo6iueHie, nocBImeHHoe: ,,XIaMHTH B. F. BE-
JHHCKaro" (no cjiyqaro 50-TH JIaTiH co BpeMeHH CMepTH
nocJa-laro).
3aMFqaHi1 HO no nooy aToro coo6meHia ca-JIaHbI 6bijiH rr.:
A. C. ByJanaoEoBeM-b, H. H. lBaHoBblMb, M. E. KpacHoeeHOMb,
A. C. HeB3opOBbIM'b HM. H. CTOjapOBbsM-b.


3acl1aHie
3 oRKT6pT 1898roaa*).

B'b 3aci.laHiH upHcyTCTBOBaJnH q9ieHbl 06uecTBa r.r.: B. F.
AneKxc+esTW, JI. C. BorymeBcKas, C. K. BorymeBcKifi, A. C.
ByAIJIoBHq-b, M. A. FaH3ep'b, B. E. jaHHJIeBlqh, A. cD. 3a-
HHCKifi, H. H. 3HaMeHCKif, H. 51. KinpiaHOBHqwb, H. JI. KOH-
naKOB-b, M. E. KpacHoReH-b, M. H. KpameHHHHHKOB'b, B. H.
Kyp'9HHCifi, 5. H. JIayTeH6ax-b, B. K. MaJnbM6eprb, A. C.
HeBsopoBTb, A. B. HBHKTCKifi, 51. (D. Ose, E. B. HI-TyxoBb,
H. A. CKpH6HH-b, M. H. CToJIpoB-b, F. JI. TpeHepb, C. I.
HupBHHCKii, E. I. UlMypJIo.


*) CoaBaHHoe 3 oKTai6p 1898 r. saaipuToe sac-AaHie YreHo-JIHTe-
paTypHaro O6mecTBa, sa HeAocTaTKoM-b Tpe6yeMaro 26 YCT. O6m.
IHCJIa LJIeHOBL, COCTOHThCH He MorJIO.






.. .............................. '*-. '........ '. *. .i. .j








XV

rIpeachaaTejb O6mecTBa A. C. ByaHJaoBHq4- caejiaia'
coo6ueHie Ha TeMy: ,,K- xapaKTepHCTHRIK Ifnariaaro (no no-
BOay HeaaBHHnro Io6Hnje).


3actaaHia
22 OKTH6p 1898 roaa.

Bb 3acJaHisxab nprpcyTcTBoBajan qneHbl O6mecTBa r.r.: B. F.
AneKc+eBw-, A. C. ByxaiosBHq-b, M. A. Fauaep-, E. A. FpaBs4r,
A. Qi. 3aqHHCKiit, H. H. HBaHOBsb, H. 51. KHnpiaHoBsIr, M. E.
KpacHoweH%, A. C. HeB3opoB-h, E. B. 113TyxoB-b, II. A. CH-
pOTKHH-, M. H. CTOJIapoB-, F. JI. TpetuHep%, A. C. ILapeBcKiA.
I. Bb 3aKpbiTOMub 3acnJAaHiH 06mecTBa H36paHbl iiocpen-
CTBOM 3aKpblTOf 6ajnIoTHpOBKH (Ha OCHOB. 6-ro VcTaBa
06muecTBa) Bsb a nbTBHTe.jbHbe qjaeHbl O6IecTBa yqHTejb Fo-
poacKaro yqHJnaIHa H. 1. JIaBsHC', anoleHT- BeTepHHapHaro
HHCTHTyTa 5I. K. HerOTHH'b H 6n6aioTeKapb PyccKof ny6ajq-
HOfI BHn6ioTeKH Bs r. IOpbeB+ H. A. IOpaaTaMnb.
II. B% OTKpbITOM'- 3ac-aaaHiH O6tecTBa CeRpeTapb 06-
ImecTaa M. E. KpacHomeHa i ca-hiaJa- coo6mteHie, nocB5imeHHoe
,,HIaMTH npo4. A. C. HaBnoBa" *).
HtcKOJIAso 3aMtqanHi OTHOCHTeJIbHO JIHqHOCTH H TpyaOB'b
noKotHaro A. C. IaBJIOBa caIjinaHbI r.r. HeB3opoBbiM'b H Fi-
TyXOBbIM-b.

3aclaaHie
4 Lnea6p 1898 roaa.

Bb 3actdAaHiH npHcyTCTBOBa~JH 9qjeHbi O6mecTBa r.r.: H. A.
AneicaHnIpoBb, B. A. AaaHacbeBsb, A. C. ByaHJIOBHqTb, H. H.
BiajiBCIin, M. A. FaHsep-b, E. A. FpaBHTb, B. E. JaHHjieBHnb,
H. H. IHaHOBab, M. H. KpamueHIHHHHKOB-, A. C. HeB3opoBb,
A. B. HHKHTCKifi, H. A. CKpH6HH'b, 11. A. CnpOTKHH-b, M. H.
CTOaJRpOB', A. H. TOMCOH'b, F. JI. Tpe4Hepb, E. A. -epHo-
ycoB ', C. I. IIHHpBHKii, A. H. 5CHHCHin.


*) Coo6n1eHie 3To niOMnmeHo BO II TOM C6opHHKa YqeHo-JIHTe-
paTypHaro 06IuecTBa, nojA- aarIaBiemn: ,,3HaMeHlHTmi pyccKdifi KaHOHHCT-
A. C. FIaBsjOB-".





"
..^








XVI

HlfIaCTBHTeJIbHbi A ieHb 066uecTBa A. B. HHKHTCKiif cat-
naji' coo6uteHie Ha TeMy: ,,HoBaa KHHra: H3s HuCTopi Aeom'b
C. A. }e6eajeBa".

3act'aHia
18 MapTa 1899 roaa.
Bi, 3acfIanHiHx npHcyTCTBOBaJIa qjieHuI 06necTBa r.r.:
B. F. AjeKcfeanb, JI. C. BorymeBcKaa, C. K. BoryumeacKi4,
E. A. FpasHTb, B. E. aHnieBsnb, B. O. 3aHua, H. H. HBa-
HOBsb, A. C. HrHaTOBCKifi, H. 51. KHnpiaHOBHkq9, H. JI. KoHAa-
KOB', M. E. KpaCHOweHHb, M. H. KpameHHHHHHKOB-, B. H. Kyp-
qHHCKif, B. K. MaJaM6epr%, A. B. HHKHTCKifi, A. II. HaBHOB-b,
E. B. H'TyXOBBh, H. A. CKpfI6HwH, n. A. CHpoTKHHia, M. H.
CTOJIapOB%, F. JI. TpeHep%, E. A. HepHoycowB, C. I. IHp-
BHHCKii, A. H. NICHHCKif H M. A. IHKIOBH'b.
I. B, 3aRpbiTOM' 3acniaHin 06mTecTBa 436paHb nocpei-
CTBOMu 3axpbITOHi 6aiJIoTnpoBKH (Ha oCHOB. 6 YcTaaa 06-
umecTBa) B-s ifI4CTBHTejibHbIe qjieHbI O6mecTBa cji'ayeouii aIinua:
CMoTpHTenbHHua MapiHHCKaro yqHaIHlua E. Q. KyBIqMHCicaa,
yqHTejibHHua Toro we yqHjInma E. A. ToKapcKaa, yqHTeJIH
HaqaJIbHaro roponacoro yqjinnma Q>. F. HapycK- Hm M. ,i. Pef-
HHK', yq4TeJib PeaabHaro Yqminama T. JI. LUaTaIosB'h.
O6cywmnajac npeanomeHHblE HIKOTopbiMH qaJeHaMH 06me-
CTBa aonpoc-a o6'b OTKpbITiH neaaroraqecKaro OTaejneHia
YteHO-JIHTepaTypHaro 06mecTBa, npH qeMb co6paHie nocTa-
HOBHJO OTKpblTb neaarora ecuoe OTajeneHie Tenepb me a npo-
CHTb COB-T'b O6uecTBa rpencTaBHTb cjilnyromey o6mueMy
co6paiiro saKJ ioqeHie no nOBOXy HeqcHocTef, BCTpxqaiomatXC3s
B'b H-KOTopbiX'b VcTaBa O6mecTsa, TpaKTyrOlHxb o60b oTai-
jneHix-6 O06mecTBa*).
3aT-M'b, o6cymajiaocb npexaiowenie CoaBTa O6mecTBa o6-
yqacTiH Y eHo-JIHTepaTypHaro 06mecTBa -b npa3AHOBaHiH
CTOJirTHef rOAOBmIIHb pomaneHi A. C. IlyHIKHHa. Co6paHie
nocTaHOBHjio ycTpoHTb no n M nOBOly TopmecTBeHHoe sact-
aaHie, AeHb KOToparo, no B03MOwHOCTH, coBlnaian-b 6bi c-b JHeM-
rolAqHaro 3aclaHia 06muecTBa, npn qeM'- o6paTHrocb 'b npH-
cyTCTBOBaBmIHMb B'b HaCTORf0 eM-b 3ac'IaHiH qJIeHam-b 06mecTBa
H. HBaHOBy, B. O. 3aHuy, A. H. HaBsaoBy, E. B. nf.Tyxony,


*) 3aiKroneHie 3TO nIOMflleeHO BIT npaomenHiH N2 5.







XVII


M. H. CTojfpoBy H T. JI. IIIaTajoBy c-~ npocb6oio npHHRTb
Ha ce6a npon3HeceHie pBqefi Ba npeanojiaraeMoM-b Ba qecTb
A. C. ifymKHHa 3ac$aaHiH.
II. Bx- OTKpblTOMb 3ac-IaHiH O6mecTBa aBiiCTBHTeJIbHHbI
nqjeHL 06mecTBa H. H. HBaHOBsb cafajia- coo6mLeHie ,,O py-
KOiHCH UepKOBHO-CJIaBfHCKaro EsaHrejria, HafineHHOR Bsa ropoa
IOpbeBI *)."
3actAaHie
31 MapTa 1899 rola.
B 3sac-alaHni npucyTCTBOBaJiHn qeHbl 06mecTBa r.r.: B. A.
A)aHacbesb, M. A. FaHsepb, E. A. FpaBHT-s B. E. HaHniieBnw,
A. Q>. 3aqHHCKifi, H. H. HBaHOB-s, M. E. KpacHoIHenb, M. H.
KpameeHHHnHHOBI, 1I. H. JlayTeH6axb, B. K. MaibM6epr%, Q<. r.
HapycK-, A. C. HeB30poBb, A. B. HHnKTCKifi, M. J. PefHHK'J,
M. H. CTOJISpoB'b, r. JI. Tpe4Hep%, T. JI. IIaTajnoBb.
ToBapMm-b Hpenct-aaTeag O6mecTBa M. H. KpameHHHHH-
KOB- cn+aJnaa coo6m.eHie Ha TeMy: ,AHTUqHbl poManH- n ero
npencTaBHTejH" **).
3ac aHnie
29 anpmia 1899 roaa.
B-b 3act aaHiH npHcyTCTBOBanji qeHbl 06mecTBa r.r.: H. A.
AaeKcaHtpoBb, B. F. AaeKc-eB-b, JI. C. BorymeBcKaa, C. K.
BorymueBcKiH, B. E. JaHHJIeBHrnb, H. H. HBaHOB'-, 1. JI. KonHa-
KOBb, M. E. KpacHomeHn, M. H. KpameHHHHHnOBSb, Q. F. Ha-
pyc'b, A. C. HeB30poBb, A. B. HHKHTCKifi, E. B. HflTyxoBs,
M. J. PefHHK'-, n. A. CHpOTKHHL, H. A. CKps6HHl-, M. H. CTO-
JanpoB-b, F. JI. TpejHep-i, E. A. HepHoyconB n A. H. IcaHCKifi.
JI-fiCTBHTejIbHUHf JIeH-b O6mecTsa M. H. CTOnI poB' cJl-
iajir coo6meHie Ha Tey: ,,H. M. 13SbKOB'- Ba JIepnT" ***).
B- TOM-b me sac+taaHin J$iHfCTBHTeJIbHbl qjieH-H A. C. HeB3o-
poB- cinan-i coo6meHie: ,,CopoKajifTie weHcKaro yqianuma
PyccKaro BlaroTBOpHTejibHaro 061mecTBa B'b rop. lOpbeBt,
JIlnPIjaH. ry6."

*) Coo6meHie 3TO HaneraTaHo noAb oSHaqHeHHHIMb 3arJiaBieM- BO
II TOMI C6opHHKa YxeHO-JIHTepaTypHaro O6mecTBa.
**) Coo6uieHie 3TO 6yAeTb HaneHqaTaHO Bs cAtnAYI oMeM' TOMt C6op-
HHIa YeHo-JIHTepaTypHaro 06mecTBa.
***) Coo6meHie 3TO HaineiaTaHO noA- osHaqeHHb]M'i sarjaaBieM, BO
II TOMt C6opHHKa Y eHo-JIHTepaTypHaro O6mlecTa.







XVIII

3act1aHie
14 MaR 1899 rona.
B saac-naHiiH npHcyTcTBOBaJIH qjeHbl Oi6ecTBa r.r.: H. A.
AneKcaHlpoBa, B. F. AneKciesBb, B. A. A (aHacbeBs, JI. C. Bo-
rymeBcKa,q, C. K. BorymeBcKifi, H. H. B'aIABcKif, B. E. IJaHH-
naeB4qb, B. O. 3aHub, A. (. 3a9qIHCKif, H. H. HBaHOBb, H. 51.
KI4npiaHoBHsqb, M. E. KpacHomeHb, M. H. KpameHHHHHKOBb,
B. B. KpHBuosa, B. [I. KypqHHCKift, (Q. F. HapycKw, A. C. HeB-
3opoB'b, A. B. HHKHTCKifi, E. B. ITfTyxosb, M. U. PefHHKb,
B. H. CpesHeBCKifi, M. H. CToJIapOB-, F. JI. Tpe(4Hep-i, H. A.
IOpKaTaMab, M. A. JIHKOBH1b.
ToBapHmnb Hpeac-siaTejn M. H. KpaLIeHHHHHKOB'b ca-'JiaaJ
coo6meHie Ha TeMy: ,,BjiioGneHHOCT H ei nieqeHie as npeBHOCTH
H Tenepb."
B-B npeHix'b ITO nOBony 3Toro jOKjiaAa npMHHaJI yqacTie
rr. qjeHUb O6mecTBa: A. C. HeB30poB'- M. H. CTOJIapoB- H
nocTopoHHie rocTH: A. 51. AJieKcaHapoBa H rT. I. FpaBe.

3ac anHie
23 Mai 1899 roaa.
Br- 3ac-fRaHinH 3TOMi, nOCBsIIeHHOM' qecTBOBaHilo nUaMRTH
A. C. IynllKHHa, npHcyTCTBOBaanH qieHbl 06mecTBa r.r.: H. A.
AjeKcaHapoBs, B. F. AJeeKc-eBs, B. A. AaaHacbeBh, JI. C.
BorymeBcKan, C. K. BorymeacKi4, M. A. FaHaepb, E. A. Fpa-
BHTb, B. E. IaHHnjeBHqb, B. O. 3aHmb, A. Q(. 3anHHcKiHi,
H. HBaHOBb, A. C. HrHaTOBCKifi, H. 51. KnnpiaHoBnqib, H. A.
KoH1aKHOBb, M. E. KpacHomeHb, M. H. KpameHHHHHROB-, E. (D.
KyBHqMHCKaR, B. n. KypneHHCKiB, 51. H. JIayTeu6ax-b, B. K. ManjM-
6epr-, Q. F. HapycKb, A. C. HeB3opOB-, 51. K. HeroTHH-b,
51. 0. Ose, A. 1. FIasBJIOa, E. B. fi-TyxoBb, M. J,. PeiHHKIb,
H. A. CKpA6HHB B. H. Cpe3HeBCKifi, M. H. CTOJIapoB-, A. H.
TOMCOH', r. JI. Tpe4Hep%, A. C. IapeBcifi, M. A. 5JHKOBH9'
H MHorie nOCTopOHHie rOCTH.
IIepejl- 3acIlaHieM-b XfHICTBHTeJIbHbtli qaleH- 06mUecTBa
npoToiepefi A. C. L~apeBcHifi npOH3Hec' CJIOBO, nocBHameHHoe
InaMTH A. C. flymrUKa.
3aTbMb, oTCJiymeHa 6bi~a naMHHHaa no ycolmueM'b seaj-
ROM'b nHcaTej$ 3eMnjH PyccKofi, UpH qeM- nlmiab rHMHa3HqeCKiff
xopb noab ynpaBjeieeM-b r. KoHapaTesaa.







XIX


Ha sactnaaHiH 6bijiH poH3HeceHb pi-qi -- AiTCTBHTeJIbHbIMe S
qJIeHOM'b 06mecTBa H. H. IHBaHOBbIM-b: .BocnHTaTeJbHoe 3Ha-
HeHie ino33iH A. C. HyiiiKma" Ha aLaCTBHTeJIbHhlM-% JIeHOMs
M. H. CTOajpoBbIM-: ,,JepnTbs B b H(3HH H Bsb nos3in riymaKHa".
ItfaCTBHTeJIbHbIft qJIeH- 06mecTBa A. H. HnasjoB- npo-
AeKnaMHpoBaJIZ H-CKOJIbKO JIHpHqeCKHx- npoH3BeAeHii A. C.
fHyluKHHa.
Bb nepepubaxs Memay ptyaMH nanm rHMHaSHqeCKi* XOps
H Hrpanjb opKeCTp-, no03s ynpasBeHieM% r. YKo6a.


3actaHie
29 Man 1899 roaa*).

Bs aac-$aiiH rIpHcyTCTBOBa~In qneHbi O6uiecTBa rr.: B. F.
AneKcteesa, JI. C. BorymeBcKaH, C. K. BorymescKii, B. E. HaHH-
jIeBHnq, B. O. 3anuwl, H. H. HBaHOBs, H. 5I. KHnpiaHOBHs b,
M. H. KpamueHaHHHHKOB3, E. Q). KyBH'HHCKaR, I5. K. HerOTHHb,
A. B. HHKHTCRcif, H. A. CupOTKHHa, H. A. CKpF6HHB, A. C.
ILapeBCKii, E. A. HepHoycosb.
H36paHb B-S atfCTBHTeJIbHbIe MJIeHbi 06mecTBa nocpen-
CTBOMs 3aKpbITOii 6aJIJIOTHpOBKH (Ha OCHOB. 6 yCT. 061u.):
aKCTpaopAlHapHbfi npoieccops IOpbeBcKaro BeTepHHapHaro
HHCTHTyTa K. K. rannnx%, accHCTeHTS npn 6aKTepiojiorHie-
CKOf CTaHUiH TOFO w~e IHcTHTyTa A. B. MuxafiiAoB, npenoaa-
BaTenb IOpeBcKOft rnTMHa3iH J. H. 3o0oTapeBs H y'THTenj
ropoacKoro Hapoanaro yqIHanma r. K. KnMa.
HI36paHs qjieHOM- PeBHaioHHofi KOMMHCCiH (Ha MICTO CKOH-
qaBraroca H. I. 3HaMeHncaro) RogieHT-b IOpbeBcKaro BeTepn-
HapHaro HHCTHTyTa 51. K. HeroTHHL.
SpHHpnTO K CB-hRHilO nocTaHOBjieHie CoBTa O6mecTBa
Orb 15 Ma5 1899 roaa o TOMs, qTo6bi flpeacaaaTeJibCTByiomif
nepenaian KOMy-Jin6o H3sb qJleHOB% COBTTa CBOH npaBa Ha TO
BpeMi, Koraa OH'% CaM' J BiaeT' OKRJIaaA, HJIH npHHlHMaeT-
yqacTie Bs npeHiax no qymamb aoKHiaJIaM%. npH 3TOM- B. E.
jaHHnJeBnqs- OCTaJIcs npH OCO6OM% MHnHin.


*) 3aKpIToe sactAaHie 28 Man 1899 roxa ne cocTOrJoch sa He-
AOCTaTROM%' Tpe6yeMaro 26 YcT. O6m. lHcaa qjaeHOB%.


S-- .t'







XX


OTTqeT
o cocTOsIHiH Kaccu 96nIecTBa 3a BpeMs oTs 27 anptlt
1897 no 1 irOHa 1899 r.


npnxon-b.
OcTaTOK'I OTb 1897/98 r. . . .
qaeHcKie B3HOCbI..........
Onr nponamW I T. C6opHa . .
npoHx-I nocTyryieHi. . . .

Pacxop-b.


P. K.
. . . 536 6
. . . 141 -
. . . 9 80
.. 9 6
HToro 695 92


3a HaneqaTaHie I T. C6opHHKa . . . . .
Hy6MHKaaUi . . . . . .. .
VcTpof4CTBO sacnAaHi5 Bs- naMHTb A. C. HymIKHHa, pa3-
cblJIKa UHpKyJaspoB-, KaHuenspcKie H npoqie pacxoxlb
HTOFO
Kacca ga 1. ionHI.
Ha TeKyimeM% cqeTy B' H nKOBCHOM'b KOMMepqecKOM-h
BaHKI . . . . . . . .
HajHmHbIMH aeHbraM . . . . . . .
HToro


450 -
30 -

63 41
543 41


100 -
52 51
152 51


OTOeTI
o COCTOHiH 6H6JIioTeKH 06necTBa.

K' HaqajNy OTqeTHaro rOAa B-, 6Hn6JioTeK+ qHCJIIIIOCb
28 TOMOBb. Br TeqeHie oTqeTHaro roia nocTynHJIo Bsb ap-b
38 TOMOB-, a HMeHHo: OTh- npo4. H. C. BepaHHosBa 3 ToMa;
oTr npo4. M. E. KpacHo,)eHa I TOM-'; OTr npo. B. A.
JIe6eneBa 15 TOMOB'; OTh fpaBjeHia HMnepaTopcxaro
KIOpeBcKaro YHHBepcHTeTa 2 TOMa; OT HreTpoBcKaro 06-
ImecTBa H3CJlsAlOBaTeJefi AcTpaxaHcKaro Kpa5 i TOM-B; OTb
ApxeorpaqnqecKOfi KOMMHCCiH HMnepaTopcKaro MocKoBcKaro
ApxeozorHqecKaro O6mecTBa 2 TOMa; OTr KypcKaro IOpn-
anqecKaro O6ImecTBa 12 TOMOB'b; OT' XapbKOBCKaro ICTO-
pHKO-QHJIOJIorIHqecKaro O6muecTBa I TOM'b H OT-b HcTopHqe-
cKaro O6mecTBa HecTopa-i-TornHc[a I TOMb.
COCTOHTI- K'- 25 MaB 1899 roaa 66 TOMOB-,.











CnneoKn
,ejieHoB' 06n ecrTBa.


A~OAlHHOCTHbl nAHia:
rpejachuaTeib Ou6ecTBa AHTOHH CeMeHOBHq- ByaH-
JnoBHsrq, PeKTop'I HMnepaTopcuaro IOpbeBcKaro VHnBepcHreTa.
ToBapHinm flpeac+aaTejn MHxarna HKHTHq-b Kpame-
HHHHHKOBL npo0eccop b Toro-Me YHHBepcnTeTa.
CexpeTapb Maxaunar EropoBHsq KpacHomeH-b, npo ec-
cop-h Toro-we YHHBepCHTeTa.
KasHaqef Ceprfin KasHMiposBHq BoryrmeBcKif, npoqec-
cop'b Toro we YHHBepcHTeTa.
'JIeHbl COBBTa O6mecTBa:
BHccapioHi FpHropbeBHq- AaeKc-eBs, npoeccopPb Toro-
me YHHBepcHTeTa.
EpMonafi AHaHbeBH qW rpasaHT-, HHcneKTop'b HapoaHblX'b
yqniHJIHb.
HHKoJIaai HBaHOBHqIb HBaBHOB-a, jHpeKTop-b IOpbeBCKOR
KJaccHqecuori rHMHa3iH.
BH6j~ioTeKapb:
AlaMab (paHuoBHbq 3aqHHCKifi, npobeccopb IOpbeBcKaro
YHHaepcITeTa.

AtiicTaBTeAbHbie IJieHbi:
i. AnieKca H p 0 B, HaKojaai AjeKcaHnapoB~q-, aoreHT-r
BeTepnHapHaro HHCTHTyTa (c-, 20 OKTa6pa 1897 r.).
2. Aneie ctese BnccapioH- FpHropbeBHanu npo eccop'h
'YHHBepCHTeTa (c- 27 auphjia 1897 r.)
3. A aHacbe B-b, Baqecjiaai AJIeKCieBHrq-, npojeccop-
YHHBepcHTeTa (c- 27 anpnasi 1897 r.).
4. B epnH HKOB HjJI CTenaHOBH'q-l, 3aciymeHHblri npo-
4eccop', HMnepaTopcKaro Ka3aHcKaro YHHBepCHTeTa H Ka-
3aHCKOfH ,yxosBHo AKaaeMin (cb 10o Man 1898 r.)
S5. Bor y i e B, K a H, JIioaMHna CepreeBHa, weHa rpoeccopa
YHHBepcHTeTa (cb 23 OKT 6ps 1897 r.).
6. Bory m eBc Ki Cepr+iA Ka3HMipoBHq-b, npo(jeccop-
YHHBepcHTeTa (c-7 27 anptJI 1897 r.).
II








XXII

7. ByanH Bn H ,, AHTOHt- CeMeHOBH'Ib, PeKTop'b VHHBep-
cHTeTa (cb 27 anpjipa 1897 r.).
8. B B C BepcHTeTa (ci 23 OKTi6pH 1897 r.).
9. BacHJb e Bb, CTenaHb MHxai4noJBHqn, npogeccopb YHH-
BepcHTeTa (c- 27 anptfi 1897 r.).
10. r a e p i, MapTbIHb AHTOHOBHI' HHcHneTop'b ropon-
cKaro yquHJnma (cs 26 asrycTa 1898 r.).
II. p a 6 apb, BaanAMip- SMMaHyHJIOBHMB, anoueHTr YHHBep-
CHTeTa (c- 27 anpnji 1897 r.).
12. r a n n H x i, Kapai KapjnoBHuq, npo(eccopb BeTepHHap-
Haro HHCTHTyTa (cb 29 Man 1899 r.).
13. Fp a B H T EpMonaia AHaHbeBHt'b, HHCneKTOp' HapOaHrX'b
yqHaIIMb (c- 29 fHBaps 1898 r.).
14. J a B H C %, HBaHI HBaHOBHq-b, yqHTeJib ropoacKaro yqH-
JImma (ci 22 OKTH6pH 1898 r.).
15. aH H J e B Hq b BacHJifi E oHMOBHnl, yqaTeJib PeanbHaro
yHaHnima (c- 23 OKTaz6pa 1897 r.).
16. R p y K H H H 'b, MHxaHnaI BaHOBH'-b, npoQeccop- YHH-
sepCHTeTa (c- 27 anpnIH 1897 r.).
17. 3 a H BacHaiin OCHnoBHsa, HHCneRKTopb PeaibHaro yqn-
jama (c- 26 MapTa 1898 r.).
18. 3 a H H C i i, AaaM- CHTeTa (c- 27 anp-tia 1897 r.).
19. 3 onor T a p e JIMHTpiA HHKojaeasq-, yqHTeJIb FHMHa-
3iH (cb 29 MaA 1899 r.).
20. H B a HOB HnKojiai HaBaHOBHq-, iHIpeKTop-b FHMHa3iH
(cb 19 aeKa6ps 1897 r.).
21. HrHaTOBCK i f, AgaHacifA CepreeBHqsa npoeeccop%
nHHBepcHTeTa (cib 27 anpaia 1897 r.).
22. K H M a, rycTaa- KapAOBHMq, yqHTejb HaqaJIbHaro ropon-
CKaro yqHanjiHa (cb 29 Man 1899 r.).
23. K HnpiaH B qb, HHKOjafi 5IKOBjeBHq-b, HHcneKTop'
rHMHa3iH (C'b IO Man 1898 r.).
24. K OHaK OB -. BIBaH' JIaBpeHTbeBHqb, npoeccopb YHH-
BepcHTeTa (cb 27 anp-jn 1897 r.).
25. K p a C H O K e H a, MHxaHra EropoBHq-, npo(eccopb YHH-
BepcHTeTa (Ci 27 anpAHi 1897 r.).
26. K p a m e H H H H H K O B b, MHxaH n HHKHTHqb, npoCeccopb
YHHBepcHTeTa (c' 5 MapTa 1898 r.).








XXIII

27. K p B B a, BapBapa BacejireBHa, meHa npo eccopa
YHHBepcHTeTa (cb 26 MapTa 1898 r.).
28. K p H B u B AneKcaHAap- Cepr+eBnHqb, npogeccopb YHH-
BepcHTeTa (c% 27 anp'hjm 1897 r.).
29. KyBH HHCKa a, EieHa fenlopoBHa, CMOTpHTeJlbHHIIa
MapinHcKaro yqainma (cb 18 MapTa 1899 r.).
30. K y p H H K i fi, BacHaiii IIajUiaieBHqrb, npogeccopi VHH-
aepcITeTa (cb 23 OKTa6pq 1897 r.).
31. JI a y Te H 6 ax 51KOBIb HHjwIeBHI,, JIeKTop,' H rpBaTb-
anoeHT- YHHBepcHTeTa (cb 27 arnplja 1897 r.).
32. M a M 6 ep r, BjaaxiMipi KOHCTaHTHTHOBIHq, npotec-
copi YHHBepcHTeTa (C- 23 OKTa6pq 1897 r.).
33. M H x a fi B -, AAeKcaHmlp BacHjibeBHsb, accHCTeHTr Be-
TepHHapHaro IHCTHTyTa (cb 29 Man 1899 r.).
34. Hap y CK ptpH ab rycTaBOBHTqb, yqHTeJIb HaqanibHaro
ropoACKaro ywqHnHa (cb 18 MapTa 1899).
35. H e B sopo B AaeKcaHxp-b CepauHMOBHqi-, npo(eccop'b
YHHBepcHTeTa (c- 27 anpkiJs 1897 r.).
36. H e r T H H 5IKOBa Ky3MaHq, HaoeHTa- IOpbeBcaro Be-
TepHHapHaro HcHCTHTyTa (cb 22 OKTS6pSI 1898 r.).
37. HH K HTc K i f, AaeicaHappi BacHibeaH~HB, npojeccopb
YHHBepcITeTa (cb 27 anpI$nla 1897 r.).
38. H HK 0 J a e B C K i fi, AJIeKcaHnp BacHjbeBHqi, npoToiepefi
FIoconIbcKo I epKBH B BBHt (Ci 23 OKTH6pH 1897 r').
39. O 3 e, 5KOBab pHuapHxoBHq-b, npopeccop- YHHBepCHTeTa
(cb 27 anp'tja 1897 r.).
40. fl aB o B b, AaeKcaHlapb IaajinoBHb, yqHTreJb FHMHaa3i
(cb 23 OKTRa6pS 1897 r.).
41. In eT p B BacHnifii BacnjibeBsHqb, yq'TeJs FHMHa31H (cb
23 OKTqI6pS 1897 r.).
42. 17 p H a H K i AneecaHap- MapTHHOBHq'b, AOLeHT VHHBep-
cHrTea (c- 27 anpJian 1897 r.).
43. I TyX O B EBreHifi BaqecJlaBOBHtaL, npo4eccopi YHH-
BepcHrTea (cb 27 anpiian 1897 r.).
44. Pe ii H H MapTIH-b )ioHHcieBHqb, ynllTeib HaqaAbHaro
ropoacRaro yqHanHiua (cb 18 MapTa 1899 r.).
45. Po m e, CTenaH I HBaHOBHq'b, JieKTopb YHHBepcHTeTa (c'b
27 anpJinI 1897 r.).
46. CHpOTKHH -, FlaBejib AHapeeaHqb, yqHTeJ6b FopoiacKaro
yqHJiHima (c'b io Man 1898 r.).








XXIV

47. C K p 6 IH H b, HHoojiai AJ eKcaHlpOBH-b, ytrlTejib FtM-
Ha3iH (cb 29 HHBapa 1898 r.).
48. C p e 3 H e B K i fi, BopHC I H3MaHJIOBH1uq, npo4eccopb YHH-
sepcHTeTa (c-b 27 anp+nai 1897 r.).
49, C T 0 j P 0 B ', MHxaHjar HHKojaeBHsb, yqHTre.jb lOpbeB-
CKOfi YJHTeabCKOi CeMHHapiH (c-b 5 MapTa 1898 r.).
50. ToK a p cKa H, EBreHis AHTOHOBHa, YqHTejibHHla MapiHH-
cKaro yqHintiua (cb 18 MapTa 1899 r.).
51. T o M CH %, Apseai HBaHOBHoab, npnHBarTb-OaoeHTb YHH-
BepcHTeTa (cb 27 anp~sji 1897 r).
52. Tpe H e p -, ryro JIroJBHroBHbqb, tHpeKTopb qacTHOR
FHMHa3iH BS r. IOpbesB+ (c- 26 MapTa 1898 r.).
53. II a p e BCKi i, ApceHifi CeMeHoHq-a, npoToiepefi, npo4ec-
cop- YHHBepCHTeTa (c-b 27 anp-fAIn 1897 r.).
54. HqepMaK- HnKojnaf KapjosBu-b, npogeccop- YHHBep-
cHTeTa (c-b 27 anp+sji 1897 r.).
55. e pH o C o B b, EBreHif AzeKcaHnpossBHb, ysnreib Pe-
ajibHaro YHJHIma (cb 23 oKTfr6pS 1897 r.).
56. HupB H HCK i i, CTaHHCJIaB-b IocHoBHH'b, npo eccop-b
YHHBepcHTeTa (c- 5 MapTa 1898 r.).
57. LHa Ta j11 B HIaH-b JIoHFHHOBHqb, HHCIceKTop'b HapoA-
HbIX-b yqJIH-b (C-b 23 OKTH6pS 1897 r.).
58. IIIa a no b, TpofHM-b JIoHrHHOBHt-s yqHTejib Pean6iaro
YqHjama (c- 18 MapTa 1899 r.).
59. lO p a Ta M HaH- AjeKcieBaq-b, 6H6nioTexaps PyccKoi
ny6nsiHofi 6H6aioTeKH B's r. IOpbeB+ (cb 22 OKTSI6p
1898 r.).
60. 1 HKOB sHb, Mapii AnaMosHa, ysuveJIbHHiua MapinncKaro
yqHajma (c 23 OKTH6pR 1897 r.).
61. ScHHCKi i, AHTOH- HHKHTHqb, npo)eccopp' yHHBepCH-
TeTa (c- 27 anpiai 1897 r.).
















^ i


~:;i.* -~ "`.; .




1,


ITpuAoxcenie I2 i.









fipaBuia
H3AaHis ,,C6opHHia YIeHo -JITepaTypHaro 06OnecTBa
upH HMNIEPATOPCKOM% IOpLeeBCKOM'L
yHHBepCHTeTr'".


I.
,,C6opHHK-b YqeHo-JIHTepaTypHaro O6mecTBa npu HMne-
paTopcKOM-b IOpbeBCKOMM YHBRepcHTerh" pacnaaaeTCi Ha
JBa oTr~Jna: o044HlliaJIbHbli II H HeoO(t)HQiaJIbHblf (HayqHo-JIHTepa-
TypHblf).
2.
B'b oxfuHaianbHOM'b oT)jjri noM'-marTC5I: rOAHqHbli OT-
qeT o COCTaSB, aJISTeibHOCTH, cpeacTBax nH 6nH6jioTeK+ 06-
ImecTBa, HnBjeqeHia n3'b npOTOKOJIOB- 3ackilaHifi COBt-Ta H 06-
mecTBa, a paBHo H3sb OTqeTOB-b peBH3ioHHO4 KOMMHCCiH, H pe-
3IoMe coo6mteniHi, cnl'jiaHHbixanb b B ac'n3aHiax' O06mecTBa, HO
noqeMy aH60 He BomeamnuHXb B-b COCTaBs ,,C6opHHKa".

3.
B'b HeoMnHiiiaibHOM'b (HayqHo-JIHTepaTypHsoM) OTajoJTA no-
M-uLarOTCca coo6mesni, caeljiaHHbl BT- 3acghaHi5xb 06mecTBa
H Oao6peHHblg COB-TOMb nOCJI3HIAHO Ki nOMlrnmeHiIo B' ,,C6op-
uHK", a paBHo H jlpyris cTaTbH, npH yCJIOiH TaKoro we ojo-
6peHin co CTOPOHbI COB-bTa.
4.
B- pearaTopbl ,C60pHHKa" H36HpaeTcH oJlHH- H3-b qje-
HO'b CoBTa, no ycMOTptHiTO noc$ni'Hro, npH qeM-b npeslBapH-
TejbHas peaaxuisi oobHruiaj6Haaro oT~aia BosaaraeTcr Ha CeKpe-
Tapa O06uecTBa.







XXVI


5.
I/36paHHbhir COBiTOM-' peiaKTop-, ,,C6opHHKa" CHOCHTCI
c- THnorpa iefn no BCM'I- BonpocaM-b, KacaiomnHMc neqaTaHni
,C6opHHKa". OHn mwe sbl6upaerb mpHiT-b cKpI c nanerT cBoeio
noanncbhI nocjaiJaHi KoppeKTypbu, a TaKHe, no BOsMO cHOCTH,
npOBOnIHrT eAHHCTBO OpeorpaUiH Bs- COOTB+3TCTBeHHOM'L TOM3
,C6opHHna".
p H M q a Hi e. IpoeKTh- corJIaiaeHiH C Tnnorpa4)ief
BHOCHTCH pelaKTopomb B- COBtT% 06meCTBa iaJI
yTBepaneH1i.
6.

CTaTbH, npejnHasHaqaeMbl5 anI ,,C6opHHIa", JOJInHbu no-
cTaBJR5TbC aBTOpaMH peAaKTopy Bsb nIOJHOM'a HX'b o6'BeM' H
ymHe Bb OKOHqaTeJIiHOf pexaKuinH. Ho pascMOTptHiH 3THIX'
pyKonHceHi, pejlaKTop npenpoBomrnaeTr HX'- BMechCT Ca CBOHM-b
3aKjairoeHieM, CeKpeTapo Oi6uecTBa wfsi o3HaKoMjieH1H cb HHMH
H IpoQ4HX- qJIeHOB'b COBtTa, nocJIa qero COBtTb ptluaeT'b
Bonpoch o HaneqaTaHiH npejlcTaBjeHHUix1 cTaTefi nyTeM% sa-
KpbITaro roJIocoBaHiH npOCTbIM-L 60J1mlIIHHCTBOM- rOJiOCOBc .
Sp HE a Hi e. CoB3T' Oi6mecTBa, B- cjyqa- HaAo6-
HOCTH, o6pamaeTcH K- cneuiajiHCTaM- Jui noJIyqeHif
OT' HHX'b OT3blBOB'b o npeHaSHaqaeMhix'h AnJ ,,C6op-
HHKa" CTaTblX'b.

7.

HieqaTaHie oTrnJIbHbIX'b cTaTefi npOH3BOHcHTCH, no BO3MOH(-
HOCTH, BL nHOCJI-BOBaTeJIibHOCTH HX'b oo6peHia COB-TOM'b 06-
mecTBa KHO nOM-hieH1IO B ,,C6opHHKn".

8.

ABTOpU CTaTeH, nOMJlIeHHblX b B'b ,,C6opHHKV", HMIlIOT-h
npaBo Ha 6e3nnaTHoe nojinyeHie ao TpexcorT.(300) OTr JIbHbIX'h
OTTHCKOB', npH qeM-b 3TH OTTLHCH BbJlaliOTC5I Bb o6JIOHKax'b,
ecJIH CTaTbi 3aHHMaeT-a neqaTHFbi JIHCT'T HJIH 6ojite, H 6e3a
o6JiomeK-b, ecinH CTaTb e MeHte OiHoro neqaTHaro JaCTa.


-A, x. I







XXVII

9.
,,C6opHHKb" H3laeTcH Bb HeonpeamleHHbIe cpOKH TOMaMH
anJI oT fB3bHbIMH BbinycKaMH, no M#tpt HaKonjeHiH MaTepiana.

10.
KOJIHqeCTBO a3KeMJiapoB-b Kaanaro Toma ,,C6opHHKa" 3a-
6aaroBpeMeHHo onpeitdaneTC COBtTOM- 06miecTBa.

II.
U1'1Ha OTrnIJIbHblX- TOMOB'b HJIH BiunyCKOBb ,,C60pHHKa"
ycTaHaaBIHaeTca COBATOM% 06mLecTsa npH Bblxoa1n HX'% B'
CBATb.


npuAoxcenie MJ 2.


3aK JIIeHie
CoBtTa YqeHo JIHTepaTypHaro 06mecTa no noBoAy
HeICHocTeH HfIKOTOpuxL YCTaBa 6OmecCTBa 06b OT-
AtJieHiaxL 06necTBa *).


B'b 3ac'i laniH YVeHo-JIHTepaTypHaro O6mecTBa 19 MapTa
TeKyluaro roaa, npH o6cymHaeHiH Bropoca o6b6 OTRpbiTiH neAa-
rorHqecKaro OTAinJneHia O6uecTBa, BO3HHKJIH, Bb BHAly HeHc-
HOCTH HtKOTopbi]' YcTaBa, npeHis no HHmecaji'lyromHMb
BoupocaM- :
1) BT- BHLy 26 YcTaBa o nops5iweb H3s6paHia mejaioainx-b
BCTynrHTb B'b qJeHbI OTa+ujieHiH, a HMeHHO, AOJI OHbi-JIH JIHla, He
cocToamUii qjeHaMH O6utecTBa HI wenalomi5 BCTynuI4T B'b qJleHbI
OTajineHia, npeaBaprTejibHo 6blTb Ha6paHbl B'b qjieHb 06me-
CTBa, HJIH OHH MoryrT 6bITb H36paHbI HenIocpejCTBeHHO B'I qJIeHbl
OTmlajeHi ;
2) Ba BHAay 19 YcTaBa o npaBax-b JieHOBb OTrdaeHia
6blTb H36HpaeMbiMH B'b tOJIaHOCTH IIpeaclaaTeji5, ero ToBapHma
H CeRpeTaps, a HMeHHO, aOJI )Hbi-JIH 6blTb Ha6HpaeMbI Bb 03Ha-


*) PeAaKTHpOBaHo qJIeHOM-b COBITa H. H. HBaHOBhnMi.


*' I,








XXVIII

qeHHblR HOJIIHHOCTH JIiHub jHua, CocToaUIia HJIH COCTORBIUIl npo-
)eccopaMH aBb YHHBepcHTer ( 12 YCT.), Hu Moryrb 6bITb
H36HpaeMbl BTb ynOM IHTblH IOJIHWHOCT H H HHIe JIeHbl OTJIt-
jneHim, He npHHaAliewamrie K'b CJIymaMHHM'b HJIH CJIY)HBImiHM-b
B'b yHHBepCHTeT;
3) B'b BHaLy 19 21 YCT. o cpoKb, C'b KOToparo
,aOJIabI 6blTb Ha6paHbl AOJIAHOCTHbIH aHoua oTKpbIaeMaro OT-
a$neHiH.
CoBST- 06mecTBa, pa3CMOTp'Bb, no nopyqeHiio Bbumeo3Ha-
qeHHaro co6paHi, H3JIo)KeHHble Bonpocbl, npHllUenJb, Ha OCHO-
naHiH conocTaBAeHia Me)ay co60to pas3JiHnHbXt- VcTaia, Ka
CJrI3iienayioiHM pBtueHi~M'h HX.b:
I. -jieHaMH OTuajieHis MoryTb 6biTb TOJIbKO Jiana, co-
CTouLmiq yme qjieHaMH O6mecTBa, qTO BwHHO Ha3 4 yCT., raB
nepeTHcJ'iaoTcs KaTeropin qjieHOB-b, cocTaBJIsromIIH O6uecTBo,
npn seMwb OCO6bIX'b qJIeHOB-b OTaljeHin He yKasaHo; Henocpea-
cTseHHoe H36panie nOCTOpoHHHnx- JIaHU B'b qleHbI OTxA'b.eHii
Bs 3acaUaHiainx caMaro we OTsBJIeHil YCTaBOM- O06mecTBa He
nonycKaeTcS, TaKb KiaK HH ORHH- YCTaBa He rOBopHT' o
TaKOBOM- H36paHiH. BbpameHie ie YcTaBa: ,,B'h 3aKphlTlbX'
aac'-aiaHiNx .. a36 HpaioTCa qsnema 06mecTBa HJI OTa$ae-
Hia" HywHO HOHHMaTb B'T TOM'b CMblCJI', HTO JImUa, 3aRBJIUIOltiH
wmejaHie COCTORTb qJIeHaMH OTraleHiH HH He COCTOamiRH qneHaMH
06mecTBa, H36HpaioTce, Ha o6ImeM'h OCHOBaHiH, B'- co6paHiH
qlJeHOB-b 06tecTBa H noJIb3yIOTCR BChiMH nipaBaMn H Hecyrb
BCt o6S3aaHHocTH qJIeHOB'- 06mecTBa. COBT'- 06mIecTBa noja-
raeT-,, TTO ecan-6bi ycTaBi, OI6ecTBa HM'JI'Jh B' aHy npeno-
CTaBHTb OTA-ljeHilo npaBo B'b co6paHiRXi ero qJIeHOB'b IIpos3-
BOJauTb H36paHie HOCTOpOHHHXbH JIHUIb B'b qJleHbI, He3aBHCHMO
orb o6mIx'b co6paHiHi O6mecTBa, TO yKa3aHiH Ha 3TOTh nopH-
IOK'i 36paHiR qJIeHOB' OTAwueHi 6u lJI 6bi H3JIOmeHbI B'b
OTf+JJIbHbIX- VcTaBa, qero Ha caMOMb AJA.IA HAT'b.
II. 19 VcTaBa yKaS3bBaeTrb Ljmub nopSnoKb H cpo'b
H36paHia XonJIHocTHbIX'- JIiHb OTxLkIeHiA, a He ocHOBaHiR HS3-
6paHia; no ceMy COB;T'b nojiaraeTb, WTO cneuiaJIbHbH orpaHH-
qeHis npaB-b qieHOB- O06mecTBa oTHocHTeJIEHO H36paHia BWb
Ao.m(HocTIT HpeacjiaTejis, ero ToBapHara H CexpeTapA, yxa-
3aHHbiS B'b 12 YcTaBa, Ka OTjal'ieHi1o He OTHOCHTCH H ITO
s3HaqeHHbIMH JIHuaMH OTaJieHiSI MoryTr 6bITb KaK'b qJaeHbI H3'b
IHI-b, cocTOauIuHXb HJIH cocTOsBImHX'b npofbeccopaMH B-b YHH-
BepcHTeT, TaK'b paBHo H H3'b a cq a AXpyrHx'b qJIeHOB'b.


i.







XXIX

III. fpexocTaBHTb HanajiHHoy cocTaBy qjieHOBa BHOBb
OTKpblBaeMaro OTlenieHi Tenepb me s36paTb HS1b cpeabi cBo-
HX% qJIeHOB'b IOJIHKHOCTHbIX'b JIHI'Ib Ha TOTb cpoKb, KaRof OHO
corTeTL yLao6HbIM', pyROBOcCTBayICh 19 VcTaBa.



ITpuaosmceuie JM j.

RIpOTOKOJIB
PeBH3ioHHoii KOMMHCCiH YeCHO- JIHTepaTypHaro
06mIeeTBa npn HMIEPATOPCKOM'b lOpieB-
CKOM7. YHHBepCHTeTt.


Ha6paHHaR B-b aacraaHiH On6ecTBa I6-ro anpnHa 1898 r. Pe-
BH3iOHHaH KOMMHCCiH, B-% COCTaBt qleHOB'h: Jl. C. BorymeBCKOR,
H. H. HBaHOBa I A. H. IcHIHCKaro, nponsBeia B' sacjiaHiH
CBoeM- 25 anp+ia noHBpKy KaccbI, oTqeTa H 6H6jioTeKH H
HamrJa 6yMarH H KHHHFH ceKpeTaps B'a HcnpaBHOCTH, AleHemHblf
cpeacTBa H 66nAioTeKy O6ImecTBa B- coxpaHHOCTH. OxHaKO
np o 3TOMb KOMMHCciH yCMOTp-Jia H-KOTOpUn HeTO4HOCTH, He-
npaBHJIbHOCTH H ynymeHi3, KOTopblR He MOFJIH He BKpacTbC51
B% LonponHBOlCTBO Mojonoro YVeHo-JInTepaTypHaro Ou6me-
CTBa, 3aKOH'HBumarO TOJIbKO nepBbifi roa- cBoero cymecTBo-
BaHia.
I. ,njix npOTOIOJIOBh o6mlHXl co6paHitn He HM'eTCS OT-
A JhbHOA H nepenneTeHHoR KHrHH, aKaZK5 noqeMy-To aaBejeHa
TOJIbKO aJI5 3anrHCH npOTOKOJIOB'b COBBTa. HPOTOKOJII 06I1UHX-
co6paHiit, HanrcaHHbie Ha OTaiJIbHbIXb JIH4CTaX-b, 3aKJiIoqeHHLbX'
Bb onHy naniy, He BIJIHIOTCs BROJIH'3 TOMHbIM- OTpaHeHieM%
AfleTeJIhHOCTH 06IuHX% co6paHifi, TaKl- KRaK- COCTaBJIaeMbi 6bjI1H
He BO BpeMH sac'iaHii, KaK% O6blKHOBeHHO npHHtITO, a InOCJI
HHX'T, nO naMHTH: I) XOT5 B'b XfihiCTBHTeJIbHOCTH CHaqaja 6bi-
BaeT% oTKpbiTOe, a nOTOM'b 3aKpblToe 3achlaHie, HO Bsb npoTo-
Kojaxb o6bIKHoBeHHo yKaaasH o6paTHbli nopalIORK; 2) Ba nro-
BiCTK H H a CaMOM-b At-a lOKJiiaa aj. ai. A. ICHHCKnarO HMTmJI-
sarjaaie: ,,CoAAcTBie qexo-os njiy repMaHHauiwH flpH6aaiTifi-
cKaro no6epexbmR", a B-b npTOKOJt 20 HO56pS sanHcaHo, qTO
caymauaH 5Ko6bi aoKJIaa'b: ,,ConiBCTBie mexOB% niday repMaHH-




SI I I : I .


XXX

3aauiH npu6aJTiicaux-K J cJaBRH'h"; 3) B' npOTOKOJrI3 29 rHBapa
no noBOLy pe(epaTa a. qji. C. Pome He OTMtqeHO TO o6CTOa-
TejinbTBo, RTO npoHCXOJIHJIH npeHin; 4) ptumeHie O6maro co-
6paHi o03HaMeHOBaTb jleH roatHqHaro co6paHia TopwecTBeHHblM'
6orocaymeHieM-L Bs npoTOKOJrb 16 anptari He saHeceHo, XOTH
o TaKOBOM'- pthmeHi ynOMRHyrTO BH OTqeTt; 5) npOTOKOJIJb 06-
mHxj' co6paHif He noanHcaHbH npHcyTCTBoaaBnIHMH qjiaeaMn.
II. flpencTaBneHHbIA Ha pa3cMoTp-Hie KOMMHCCiH OTqeTb
anBJi eTc5 MexaHHqeCKHM-' CBOHOMl OTl$IJIbHbIX- npOTOKOJIOB'b,
a He cHCTeMaTHmecKofi nepepa6oTKOf, KaKnK npOTOKOJIOB', TaKe
H apyrHux MaTepiaJioB-, a noTOMY He MOM)eT'- BnIOJIH HCHO
03HaKOMHTb C-b ALRTeJIbHOCTbIO 06wmecTBa: I) Ba oTqer He
coo6maioTcRa aaHHbH o COCTOIHiH KaCCbl H 6H6jiioTeKH; 2) He
yKa3aHO o6imaro qHcJIa qJIeHOB-h, H60 aOJIHiHOCTHbIH JIHa H
qneHbI COBiTa BbIulJIeHbI InoqeMy-To npH HCqHCJIeHiH H3b CO-
cTaBa apyrnx- A+ACTBHTeJIbHIXIH qJIeHOB', XOTH HX' QIaMHJI1H
Ha3BaHbI B' o6meeM- nepeqH-f; 3) He OTM-teHo qHCJIO qJIeHOB'h,
He ynHaaTHBrnHX% ronaHqaro B3Hoca.
III. B'b JIlionpoH3BOACTB% no Kacct Oi6mecTaa KoMMHccia
ycMOTptja TaK~e norpiuiHOcTH: I) Ha KBHTaHIiaxhb, BhbaaBae-
MbIXb Ka3HaqeeME, He o603HaqaeTcH cyMMa noJnyeHia; 2) Ha
KopemRax'- KBHTaHUiOHHOfi KHHrH He o6o3HaqaeTca nepeHoc7-
cyMM'b; 3) CTaTbH BL npaxoo pacxoaHOri KHHr'f He nepeHyMe-
poBaHhb; 4) no sancnH B' npHxoAo-pacxoalHOf KHHrHn+ o0 26 OK-
Ta6pa 1897 roAa o nocTynaeHiri qHjeHCKHX-' BSHOCOBS oTr a. 'i.
B. Q. Huma H A. C. IUapeBcKaro o60OHaqeHbl OmnHon0HO HO-
Mepa KBHTaHUiii; 5) 6e3' BCHKaro OCHOBaHiR B3HOCbI atfiCTBH-
TeJIHbIX'b C qaeHOB' BbiaAJIeHbI B'- Oco6yio KaTeropio HMa CTaThIO
noxoaa, a BCt npoqia nocTynjeHia, He CMOTpa Ha HX-H pasainq-
Hyro npHpony, B' apyryro; 6) HcqncjieHie cyMMnE BeaeTcs KnaKr
npHM'hHHTeJIhHO Kb rpaa{xaHCKOMy, TaK-E H OTIeTHOMy roay,
RT6 a]BJIseTcA HsJIHIUHHM'E o6peMeHeHieMn atljonpoH3BOacTBa;
7) Ba arjaxa O6necTBa He HMt3eTcA yHa3aHin, KaKoe COCTOH-
nocb nocTaHOBJieHie COBATa o npio6ptTeHiH UtHHDIX'i 6yMar',
KaKia HMeHH H HHXO H HH H Koraa 6hlJIH npio6p-TeHu, a noTOMy
noKa3aHHoe no npHxono-pacxoaHOKi KHHIt ROJIHqIeCTBo npoueHT-
HbIX-'h eHer'h He noIraaeTcH HC9HCJIeHiHO, AOCTynHOMY aJy i5a qeHOB-'
KoMMncciE; 8) cpeAml npyrnx onpaBaaTeJIbHhX X- jRoyMeHTOB-
He 6blJIH npenaB neHbI KRaHaqeeM- pocnHCKHE cexpeTapa sB no-
JIyqeHiH HM'- 2 p. 60 K. Ha ITOqTOBhle H 10 p. Ha KaHueJripcKie
pacxoaub; 9) ynraTa YHrepy sa KHHry-KaTajior nom+eeHa B-


VAx1




: '- .. . : 't ',




XXXI

npHxoAo-pacxoaHofi KHHrI 22 anptJan, Toraa KBKI pocnucKa
Kynua HanIHcaHa 16 anp-irr; o1) BonpeKH rOCTaHOBJIeHilO Co-
B'Ta o xpaneHiH cyMMi, cblmue 50 p. B- oTaenieHiH IncKoBcKoro
6aHKa, Ha pyKax- KasHaqeAn BI rIeH peBns3i oKasaiiacb BCa
HaJIHHHOCTL B' KOJIHqeCTB- 536 p. 6 K. 6yMamKaMH H 30JIOTOMI.
IV. Bb AnJIopoOH3BOacTBti no f6u6iioTeKw, KOMMHccia
ycMoTp-jia cwayroymiH HeHcnpaBHOCTH: i) Ha RHHraX- He npo-
CTaBjieHbl r JefiMa HIH lneqaTH yocTOB'plpaii0nou npaBa co6cTBeH-
HOCTH 06iecTsa; 2) He CocTaBJeHbI COBATOM- Roceati npa-
BHJia o Biaaqs H xpaHeHiH KHHb; 3) He HMteeTCI KHHrHH J1IH
3anHCH KHHr'I, BbIAaBaeMblXI qjieHaMb; 4) 06meMy co6paHixo
He lnoKaaAbIBRTCH CBatl,;HiH O nocTynneHia HOBblX'I KHHr-b;
5) He npHseBeHo B-I acnOJIHeHie nocTaHoBJIeHie O61maro co-
6paHia O npio6ptTeHiH 9HRuHKJIOneAHecRaro cJIoBapa BpoK-
raysa.


yKa3aBUIm 3aM-fqeHHblH HeHcnpaBHOCTH, HeTOqHOCTH H no-
rpImnHocTH BHI AMoJInpoHaBOacTBB 06mrecTBa, KoMMHCciA B-b
o6e3neqeHie noJHOfR H COBepmIeHHofi npaBHJIbHOCTH npeanaraeTl
HHmecjirbayromee: i) B'b acIiaaHiX'b COBtTa H 06mHnxI co-
6paHif npOTOKon b, npeAcTasBieMbie K'b nOAnHCH npHcyTCTaO-
BaBIHXI'b qJIeHOBa B'b KOHUI 3acAaHiHi, rIHmyTC5 BHI oco6bx'b
H nepenaeTeHHbl 'b KHnraX'b; 2) B'b UHypOBOf KBHTaHUioHHOfi
KHHIKKI Ha KBHTaHUiHX'b 0603HaqaeTcs pa3Mtp'b B3HOCa, a Ha
Kopemriiax% Kamaofi Ha3-b HHX-b, KpoMt Toro, nepeHoc- cyMMb
HJIH HTor'H BCtXb npefatbiaymrHx nocTynJeHifi; 3) Ha sarlHCb
npnxoAa H pacxoaa cyMMI KRa3Haero BbiaaeTca mHypoBaq KHHra,
cKpnnjieHHaH noIannclo npenctaaTeJrr H ceKpeTapz a neraTbIO
06mnecTBa; 4) Ba npnxoao-pacxonaHoi KHHr' CTaTbH pacxofa n
aoxoaa nepeHyMepoBbIaalRTcH, 6e3S- npoHBOJIbHaro paaadaeHiH
Ha KaTeropin, a HITOrH InolBOjHRTC no cTpaHmuaMI-, 6e3a Bsbie-
aeHiR 6ajauaHca; 5) KaTaJIorH H onHCH nHImyTcq B-b mHypoBbIXb
KHHraxb, BbIAaHHbIX'b oTb 06LuecTBa 3a nonJIHCbO lipeactaaTejm
H CeKpeTapa; 6) O6mreMy Co6paHito coo6maeT- 6Hn6ioTeKapb
CB+atHil o HOBonocTynaIOIInX'L KHXraX-i H TaKOBbIl npealb-
sIBJIReTb, no Mtpt HXI C nocTynrJeHis, Ha npocMOTpI qaneHOBb,
npoTKoJI-b 3TOT'b noanIcanJ iaeHuE PeBH3iOHHOfi KOM-
MHCCiH :
JI. BorymeBcKan.
H. HBaHOBb.
A. YICHHCKii.


:,i
s
i
'i
r
*




u. r!. .1' ^'+ "^- ..' ".




XXXII

npuj.aoscenie N. 4.


3aIKJIOeHie
CoB'Ta YqeHo-JInTepaTypHaro 06OmecTBa no noBO0Ay
npoTOKOIaa PeBHnioHHofi KOMMHCciH.


I. OTHOCHTejibHO BeAeHiH npOTonHoJiOb 3actAaHi o6uOecTBa.
TaKi KaKIa ycTasB O06mecTBa He ycTaHaBJIHBaeTI. onpe-
AiebJaeHHblx 40opM'b AJI BeAeHiR npOTOKOJIOB'- H KHHrHi 06mue-
CTBa, TO CosBT-b cqea.J ce6H i npaBh Ha36paTb aAJI cero 6ojihe
. yl6H la n npOCTeIs 4opMhl. B-i qacTHOCTH, qTO KacaeTca npo-
T TOnKOJIOBb 06ImHX co6paHifi, TO B- BHAy TOrO, RTO Ka 3THMu
upoTOKoJam-s nonrfHBosaTca npeAcTaBJ~aeMuim norna BH nonnJHH-
SHHKT pe3soMe qHTaeMbixI Bsb 3ac+baaHiax' 061mecTBa pe(epaTosB,
npeacTaBj ieTCH 6oji'e yno6HblMI' nHCaTb HX'I Ha OTa JIjbHblX'
JIncTax-, 3aKJItoHeHHblXI BI' OHHy nanry; BnocJItRCTBiH 3TH OT-
jaJIbHble JIHCTbI MOryT- 6rblT nepenJieTeHbi B-a KHnry. 3a-
,Bjienie PeBHniOHHOfi KOMMHCCiH o TOM-, MTO npoTOOJIn 06 o1mHux
co6paHifi cocTaBJIRn oTC He BO Bpem~ 3ac+aaHitf, a nocJ~i HMXI,
no naMHTH, HBJIeTca He TOIHbIMIb HHe B'I nIOJIH COOTBIT-
CTByerTb AtlicTBHTeIbHOCTH : npoTOKOJIbI 3aKpbilTbuX 3ac~aiaHifi
Bcerja cocTaBJIaJcbb BO BpeM5 sactzaHiii H BcerAa nocJ', sa-
c$naHifi InOJLnHCblBajIHCb BCIMH npIHCyTCTBOBaBUUHMH Bb S9THXI
3ac+nAaHiMxi- qjieHaMH; 9TO me KacaeTCH OTKpblTbX'b 3acJlaHifi
06UxecTBa, TO, TaKI KIaK' B 3sTHXI 3actnaHiRX-' HHKaKHIX%
rnocTaHOBjieHifi He L-IiaeTc., HT'I, rno MHHiiO COBtTa, Heo6xo-
XaHMOCTH co6HpaTb AJlJ npOTOKOJIOB'h THX' 3ac'hAaHiii noannHCH
tBChX's npHcyTCTByIOUmHxI, ThM' 6ojI ae, 4TO, no 24 ycT. 06mr.,
3TH 3acJlaHiH AfiCTBHTeJIbHbIe npH BC5RKOMb qHCJl fl HBHBIUHXC5
SqjeHOBs 06m.ecTBa.
YTBepwaeHie PeBHaioHHot4 KoMMHCciH 0 TOMa, 'TO Ba
rInpTOIKOJn 20-rO Hoo6ps 3aiicaHO, TO cjiymajiu RKO6bi aOKinaAb:
,,Con bicTBie qexoBIo abjy repMaHHnaauiH rIpH6aJITificKHx- caa-
BH Ha)", XOTH BI nIOB+3CTK-B AiOKJIaa- n. qs. A. qICHHCKaro HM jfa
3arjiamie: ,,CoAnficTBie qexoBsb ajiy repMaH13auiH rIpH6ajTiTi-
cKaro no6epemfc" He BnoJIaH COOTB-HTCTByeTn HCTHHt. KaK-
ABab npoTOROJi-, TaKt H BI lnoB'CTKh (unpKyaJipt), nonnHcaHHOfi
CaMHM'I a. q. A. q5CHHCKHMI, lOKJian'b ero HOCHTb saraaBie




. < .





XXXIII

,,CoaficTBie qexosB-b ty repMaHnsawiH 6anTificKaro cJIaBfH-
cTBa"; TaKHM-b o6pa3oM- CJOBa: ,,IpH6aanTiHCKHX'I cJIaBaH-b"
anepBbie BCTp'hqaToTCf JIHmL B'b npPOTOKOJIt PeBH3iOHHOi KOM-
MHccin 25 Anpium. TtM-b He MeHte COOTBtTCTByromaa weJanioo
PeBHaiOHHOf KoMMHCCiH nonpaBKa BHeeHaB neqaTHblHi OT-
qerT O6recTBa.
O6mee co6paHie HHKoraa He atJIaJIO nocTaHOBJIeHiH o6%-
O3HaMeHOBaHiH 1H5 FroAHqHaro co6paHin TopmecTBeHHbIMn 6oro-
cjIymeHiemM-, KRaK yTBepamaeT'b STO PeaBHioHHas KOMMHCCia, a
nocTaHOBHJIo JIImb OTCJIym1HTb nepeAi HaqajioMf rojaqHaro
sactnaaHi Monje6eHb, HTO OTMtqeHo H B-h npOTOROJIot.
O TOM-b, qro B3% npeHiaxt no noBoay pegepaTa r. C. H.
Pome np HHManiH yqacTie rr. ByawnoBws bH ICHHCKiH, eCTb
sanHCb Ba npoTOHKoji 29 HHBapH.
3aMtqaHie PeBHIioHHOf KOMMHCCiH o TOM'b, ITO B'b a$f-
CTBHTeJIbHOCTH BHaqanjir 6blBaRITo OTKpblTbl, a noTOM- 3aKpbl-
Tbi 3aac-aHiaa, HO B'b npoTOKOJIr o6blKHnoeHHO yKasaHa o6-
paTHblm nopaJOK-b, H He BUnJIHt TOIHO, TaK% KaKRb B% HIKOTO-
pbix% 3achaaHiixb 6buIj HMeHHO TOTr nopUaoK'b, KaKOH yKa3aaH
Ba npoTOKOJIt, H, KpOM' Toro, HiKaKoro cymecTBeHHarO 3Ha-
qeHia He HMteT%.

II. OTHOCHTenIbHO OTqeTa.

ITO KacaeTCa 3aKJiOqeHia PeBH3ioHHOFi KOMMHCCiH no ro-
BOay oTqeTa VteHo JITepaTypHaro O6mecTma, To cHCTeMaTn-
qecxas nepepa6oTKa MaTepiaJla aJa oTqeTa, KaKOBofii KeJaeT-b
KoMMHccis, He BXOAFmT B'b 3aaaqy COBtTa, a pa3cMoTpbHie
oTqeTa C% a3TOH TOqKH 3ptnHiH, nO MHtHiIo COBATa, He BXOJXHT
B% saaaqy PeB3sioHHOii KOMMHCCiH. OTqeTr npeacTaBJIReT'b
COBOKynHOCTb aaHHbIx%, AOCTaBasJIeMbiX ceKpeTapeMb, xasHa-
qeeMiM H 6Hn6jioTeKapeM-; B a cocTaB- STHX% baaHHblX- BXOARTT%
JaHHbl o cocTOaHia Kaccbi H 6H6JIioTeKH, 6blBmii Ha pa3CMOT-
ptHiH PeBHsioHHOH KoMMHcciH.- O6mee qHcajo qjeHOBs yKa3aHo,
H aawe HH O nHH% pasa, a TpH. qTO KacaeTca 3aMt4aHiai Kom-
MHCCiH O TOM%, qTO He OTM$qeHO 9HCJIO qJleHOB'b, He ynJiaTHB-
mIHX% roaHqHarO B3HOCa, TO TaKoe yKasanie COBtrl CqHTaeTT
H3sJIHLHHMb%, TaKRb Ka-K, no 6 yCT. 06m., CqHTaIOTCHr Bb16b]B-
IlHMH H3'b qHCJia qJIeHOB% TOJIbKO TI JIi a, KOTOpbll He YIJIaTHJIH
B3Hoca B-b TeqeHiH aByxit ArT; HHKIaKHX-% npaKTHRqecKHx- HO-
cJItAACTBii TaKoe ynoMMHaHie noSTOMy HMt'Tb He MorJIo.


-r 'f .f









XXXIV


III. OTHOCTTeAIbH AtPA0npOM3BOACTBa no Hacct.

Io nyHKTy I-My.
OTCyTCTBie Ha KBHTaHUiiX-b, BblaaBaeMbixb qJIeHaM- YqeHO-
JIHTepaTypHaro 06m1ecTBa, o6o3sHaeHia cyMMbI Hx- nLeHe1KHbIX'b
B3HOCOB% o606-'CHHeTCA: I) rTM'L, qTO MHHHMaJILbHu pa3M-ep;
qjeHCKHx'b B3HOCOB% 6buI'b cTporo onpenml-eHa s- 06meeMn
Co6paHiH 27 anpJmi 1897 roaa, a, cal3osBaTeJIbHO, H 6bjim' BCiMI
Hs3BCTeHb H 2) TrhM', qTO KaKHx-a-JIH60 oTCTynaeHil OTr npH-
' HTOH Tpexpy6IeBoii HOpMbI jieHncaro B3HOca B%' TeqeHiM OT-
ReTHaro rola He npoH3omujio.

o nyHKTy 2-My.
OS6oHaqeHie nepeHoca cyMM'b Ha Kopemxaxi KBHTaHIiOH-
HblX- KHHmKeK-b, npHl HaJIHqHOCTH rpHXOJo-pacxoJaHOH KHHrH,
npeHcTaB aeTc I H3IHImHHM'b.

Ilo nyHRTy 3-My.
SOTAIJIbHbI.H CTaTbH AOXOXOBOB' H pacXOOB% Bs' npHxolo-
Spacxonsofi KHHrf yqeHO JITepaTypHaro O6umecTBa He nepe-
HyMepOBbIBaIHCb, TaK' KaK'b KiaKaaiR 3anHCb o6o3HaqaJIacb qH-
CJIOMh jaHHaro Mrc5ula HJIH HOMepOM'b KBHTaHIiiH, TaKHM'I O6-
pa30Mb OTJ$I3JIhHOCTh Hab KaOH sanacH HcBJIsiacb OeBHnHOfi. jJIH5
6oJibmefi )e HarTJImHoCTH, OAHaKO, Tpe6yeMas PeBH3iOHHOi KoM-
MHcciefi popMaabHOCTb Bsb HaCTOIwmee BpeMs BblnoJIHeHa.

o nyHKTy 4-My.
SOiun6Ka b 06o03HaqeHiH HOMepOB- KBHTaHf4iH BI nojiy-
qeHiH qJIeHCKHX' B3HOCOB'b B- npHnxono-pacxonaHOf KHPnr HCnpa-
BJieHa Tenepb KpacHbIMH qepHHjiaMH.

ITo ryHKTy 5-My.
f1pH pa3JsieHiH CTaTefi Aoxoaa B% npuxoo pacxoajHOi
SKHrrt Ha iABw py6pHKH: ,,qieHCKie B3HOCbi" H ,,pyris nocTy-
nJieHiR", Ka3Haqefi HM~AJI B'b BHyY BbIXLAJIHTh H3b o6mefi cyMMbI
JOXOAOB% O06mecTBa qjieHcxie B3HOCbI,TaKT KaKb nocJamHie npea-
CTaBJsra0T' co6oio aoxona onpenjieHHblfi H 6oji-e HJIH MeH-e
HenpepblBHblfi. OcTaibHbie aoxonbI O6mecTBa Bbi aneHbi Bb
OnHy oco6yio rpynny no TOi nIpHEqHHn, HTO OHH o6'beJAHHlRJIHC
CBOHMn xapaKTepoMb cjyqafiHbIX'b nocTynieHifr.








XXXV

Ho nyHKTy 6-My.
-IpH BblIIHCJIeHiH B'b npHXOxo -pacxoALHOfi IHHri HTOrOB-b
npHMf3HHTeJIbHO KaK' K'b rpamAaHCKOMy, TaK-b H OTqeTHOMy
ro.y, Ka3Hasqef He qyacTBOBaJI'b HHKaKoro o6peMeHeHiH.

Ho nyHITy 7-My.
Ho noBOly OTcyrcTBin Bab rpOTOKOJIaxa- COB+Ta VYeHO-
JIHTepaTypHaro O6mecTBa noapo6Haro a-bJIonpoHaBOxtcTBa o
xpaHeHiH neHe)RHblx- cyMM- Or6ecTBa Heo6xoaHfMO UORCHHTb
cajiBnyomee: B I npOTOKOji 3ac-$aaHi COBITa OTb 2 MalI
1897 roxa 3anHcaHo nOCTaHOBJIeHie O TOM'-, TO xleHe)RHb]
cyMMbI 06mecTBa, npeBbInaJromi 50 p., cji+ayeT- BHOCTb B-a
IOpbeBcKoe OT$nieHie rcKOBcKaro KoMMepqecKaro BaHKa, npp
qeMh He ynoMaHyro, cji$yeT--nJI xpaHHTa oSHaqeHHbIR CyMMbl
Ha TeKymteM- cqeTy HJIH B- npoiueHTHblX% 6yMaraxa. He npen-
ycMaTpHBaa cKoparo u3pacxoaoBaHiq CyMM-b yqeHo-JIHTepaTyp-
Haro 066mecTBa Hn B BH2ny Toro, qTO xpaHeHie HXb B-b 6aHHK
Ha TeKyIeMeb cqeTy aaeTr MeHbLIifi npoueHTw (Bcero 2,K), TidM'
npH xpaHeHiH B'b rpoteHTHblxb 6yMarax-, KasHaqefi CTHTaJrb
BO3MO)HHUbM'b, Ha nepBoe BpeMf cymecTBOBaHia O06mecTBa, o6pa-
THT BCIO rnpHalaieUeamylo nocJinHeMy cyMMy (Ba 200 p.) B-
5% o06njrauin XapbKoBcKaro 3eMeJIbHaro BaHRa. OT- HHX%
TO H noJIyqHJICc5 y YqeHO JITepaTypHaro O6mecTBa BTeqeHiH
9'/2 Mmcs IeBsb AOXOAJI B' 7 p. 54 K.; Torna KaK'S, npH xpaneHiH
TOi me CYMMbi Ha TeKyIReM-b cqeTy, 3a yKasaHHoe BpeM5i 6biio-6bi
noayqeHo OROJIO 3 py6ajei. TtM'b He MeHte HeJIb3Ls OTpHmaTb,
ITO BHOCjtJ3ICTBiH, T. e. rIpH 6ojihe 3HaaqTeJbHOM'-, no cpaBHeHiHO
c-b HacTORUTHMa, 6iOHAeTt VYqeHO-JIHTepaTypHaro O6mecTBa, a
Ba oco6eHHOCTH npH HaJIHqHOCTH y nOCJIIaHHIrO 3HaqHTeJIbHbIX'b
KanHTaJIoBa HeO6xoQlHMO 6yjerb yCTaHOBHTb no xpaHeHilo CyMMb
O6miecTBa 6oA't noApo6Hoe A.rt-onpOHSBOJCTBO.

Ho nyHKTy 8-my.

OTcyTCTBie y Ka3Haqea pocrnco'b orm cepeTap5 O06me-
cTBa B'b ioJIyqeHiH rIOCaJItHHM'h jaeHer' Ha KaHuejiqpcRie pac-
xolu o06'aCHHxeTCa TfiM'b, ITO Ka3Haqe CHHTaJI'ba JOCTaTOqHblM'b
JoKyMeHTOM- 3Toro poaa pacxoAa HMTloIIyIocH o6' HeM'b sanHCb
Bsa KHHr't IIpOTOKOJIOB'b CoBsTa.




rs
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Ho ny


:XXVI


HKTy 9-My.


OTMtBa T Ka3Haqe O06mrecTBa o6- yniaTh 22-ro anpins
cero roaa no cqeTy YHrepa onT i6-ro Anptia Toro rona oa-
HOrO py6sIH BFnOJIH' COOTBBTCTByerT JL$ICTBHTeJIbHOCTH.

no nyHKTy IO-My.

HaxomAeHie Bcefi ReHewHoiH HaJHqHOCTH, npHHaxaeama.ie
YqeHo-JIHTepaTypHOMy O6mecTBy (536 p. 6 K.) Ba pyKaxb Kas-
Haqea HO RHIO peas3iH Kaccbi 25-ro Anptax cero rona 06b-
SCH5eTC5c, CJAbJyiomuHM%: i) 300 py6. noco6ia OT flpaBjieHia
IOpbeBCKaro YHHBepCHTeTa nojyqeHbs B'h Kacc1 O6uecTBa jinms
24-ro anpt$is 2) 200 py6. 6bijH peajnsaposaan (noc.i npo-
aamn npoueHTHbIX% 6yMar-), Bs BHawy npeacTosnmefi cB CKOpOMn
BpeMeHH KOHBepcia 3THXi 6yMar-a Hbhl me CBo6o0Has Ha-
JIHqHOCTb 06mecTBa B% RojinecTBr 500 py6aefi BHeceHa B-
IOpbeBcKoe OTj jieHie f-cKOBCxaro KoMMepqecRaro BaHKa Ha
TeKymin CqeTb.


IV. OTHOCHTeJIbHO AtJonPOH3BOACTBa no 6m6iioTeHt.

KejiaHie PeBH3ioHHOfi KoMMHCCiI, qTo6bI KHHTrH 6bl.I npo-
mTeMneJIeBaHbl H HTo6bI O BCtX'b nocTynjieHi5x% B'b 6n6jiio-
TeKy coo6Imaaocb o6uiHMa co6paHiAM-, BlnoJlHt ocHoBaTeJbHO H
aerio HcnOJIHHMO. KHHra JI5I sanncH Bblaraqb MoweriT 6bITb
3aBeneHa, HO yno6Hbe H npeaInoTnHTenbHbe KapToHaai cHCTeMa
pocnHcK'b,nppHHTblXb B'b Haumei yHHBepcHTeTCKOr4 6Ha6ioTeKIx.-
KHHra nocTynaJeHifi MomeTt- 6blTb cKpIenjeHa JOJIiHOCTHbIMH
JiaaMH O6m ecTa, HO B -b npomHypOBaHiH HaJIo6HocTH He npea-
cTaBJI3eTca.-Bonpoc'b o cocTaBaieHi 6H6jioTeqHb]Xb npaBHjnb
o6cypnancsi B COBTfi. HocTaHOB.ieHie CoBi;Ta o BblnHCK+
CJOBapa EQpoHa BpoKraysa 16-ro anp-iar cero roja coo6meHo
6u6jioTeKapro, HO, 3a KpaTKOCTbHl BpeMeHH, B% HCHOJIHeHie He
npHBexeHo.
Boo6me, aaMqaHi5j KoMMHncin Moryrb HnMTh asnaqeHie aj1I
6yAyiyaro BpeMeHn. Bb oTqeTHOMi mwe rony 3aM'qeHHblsf He-
HcnpaBHOCTH HHKaRKHX' Heyno6cTBr% HAJ ymep6a O6niecTBy He
pIpHqHHHJI, TaK'b KaKR' KHH% B'b 6H6JioTeKiH nOKa oqeHb MaJIO;
sHaqHTejibna qacTb EX- nTyna nocaynaia -b no Lie JInH oTqeT-
Haro rojla, a 3a Bce BpeMn He 6bJImo HH oaHoro cjyqa0 o6pa-
mueHi5 co CTopOHbl qJIeHOB- KR 6H6JioTeKapio o sBbaq+i KHHr-.


*n.rr 0 *









XXXVII


1npu owcenie AV' 5.


CMtTa

Aoxo0OB~ H pacxoAoB% YqeHo-JIHTepaTypHaro 061necrBa
npH HMIIBPATOPCKOM'b IOpLeBCeOMb YHHBepHTeTt
sa BpeMs~ oT 27 anp-hi 1898 r. no 26 anptap 1899 r.
npnxopAb.
OcTaTOK- Orb 3aKJIoH. CM-TbI . . 536 py6. 06 Kon.
'-JIeHCKie B3HOCbl . . . . . 132 -
roco6ie oTr HpaBjeHia YHHBepcnTeTa 300 -
Orb nponaaH H3saHif 06mecTBa . . 87 -
HToro 1055 py6. 06 Kon.


Pacxor-n.
A. no 3aaHjio. CMtTt 1897/98 r.
reqaTaHie ,,C6pHHKa" T. I . .
Pacxojbi no pa3CbjK ero . .
B. no HOBOM cmtTt 1898/99 r.
KaHuejmipcKiR H3aepRKH . . .
fly6HKauiH o 3acIaHi X-b . .
3a KaHuenjpcKyfo pa6oTy .
Ipio6p-TeHie KHHra . . .
HeaTaHie ,,C6opHHKa" T. II . .
PacxoAbl no ero pascbK- . .


. . 450 py6. Ron.
. . 30 -


HIToro


10
25
10
50
450
30
1055








'(~~~ F i



u ~ "'"4


OTAIfl% Hay'qHbIi .
















0 3HaeHiN B-b CAaeR HCKO aCTOpil aNTBbI

nofAb TaHHeHdeproM'b-rpp BaIAbAOM'b.

(Ily6jiHias neK1ias, npOIHTaHHaa 27 4eBp. 1898).

MM. Fr.
PascMaTpHBaa nepeABXmeHia H CTOJIKHOBeHi1 HapoAoiB cpeAte-
B'IKOBO]f 1 HOBtflmeft EBponu, no MCTopHmecKoIR KapTt e, MU aerKO
MOhieMe OTJIHq4TL B'b 9T0o o6SacTH s Ba rjiaBHUbx% IOTOKa: ctBep-
HO)OKHhlI JIH BepTHKa!IbHbHIf H 3aiiaAHOBOCTOHULaf HJIH rOp4soH-
Ta~JHblt n11O 9TOF KapTt. IKR nepeABHmieHiaMr nepBaro poaa
IpHHaaiueiRaTb, Hanp~ipbp%, Ha6trH HopMaHHOBS Ha FepMaHio,
(paHio, HlcnaUHi, HTajiio; noxoAu atHPr4qaHr' Ha (paHIIIo,
#paHqyo80B- a a CnaHilo H HTaaii0 H T. lI.; B' EBpont me
BOCTOIHOf: IIOXOAIb H HOBOPOpleBb Ha IieCB, ideBAJIrH Ha Boa-
rapiho a BusaHTi[O, JInTOBIleB% Ha BoJlhHb, IIOJIIKOB% Ha Tep-
BOHHyro Pycb, yrpOB'b Ha BaJKaHCKift nOJyocTpOB'b H AypiaTHKy,
cep60o-b 6oJ0rap% Ha BnwaHTiIo, BH8aHTiHIqeBb Je Ha CHpio),
ErHueTrL I T. 1. KR nepeABH.meHiaM'b Me BToporo poAa OTHO-
caTCa, HaupnHMtpr, noxoA0b ryHHOBs apa6o0s, MaAbfSpb, TaTapT
Ha 3anaAHyi) EBpoily; paaceneHie Ha 3aiiaAL cjaBHHa HX%
BOHHU Crb KapOJHHHraMH, KCOHaLMH, rorfeHmTay& eHaMH, ra6c-
6ypraMH, roreHUoJiepHaMH, B'L qaCTHOCTH Me BOlHhI BeJIHKOMO-
paBCaif, ryCHTCRia, areIJIoHcKia; KpecTOBue noxoblu; BOflHb
TypelAKia; BOAHLb JIHTBhl H MOCKBl C% OppeHOM' H raHo30o,
[leTpa B. co imBejaMH H Hu'minaM, BOAHU Poccin Ce Op(ppu-
XOMu II, cTb HanoJleonHOM% I III H H. Ap.
He TpyusHO BHIATb, HTO CTOJIKHOBeHiI nepBaro poAa HMtITb
xapaKTept KiaK 6hi IIJleMeHhlux% yco06Hi aa npeo6aaAaHie Bs




kIi. ^.' ^.-,o ^ .. .y .. ,.. v "' ,->- .-- - r .- .,"^ -...... -.. -... ." *";.l '
-> '




2

STOt HJIH jlpyroi TeppHTOpin, TOrPa KaK'b BOIHhL BTOpol rpynnu
' rBJISIOTcsI 6opb6oio aa 7KH3Hb, a HOTOMy MM'hIOT% 60ojie I'y6o-
Io KOe HCTopnHecKoe 8HameHie.
I B Hilame BpeMI, Ipn cyntecTBOBaHin B ai anatHof EBpon'I;
MHorPXt qacTHJIX% BonpOCOB%, Ba poAjt Hanp. HOpnexcKaro
'- Cm CKaHalHHaBiH, mp:laHmcKaro Ba BenM0o6pMTaHin, aLBs3ac-
: ioTapHHrcKarO B% FepMaiH in H panlin, pHMCKarO BI, 1TalJiH,
STpoIbcKaro Bs ABCTpo-BeHrpiH H T. n., a B' EBponll BOC-
STOHOR BOIIpOCOBc : pyccKO-noIbcKaro, yKpauHCKaro, MaKeAOHCKaro,
;KpHTCKaro, apIMHHCKaro H T. : BCe ;Ke, rOCnOAICTByIOirHM% BO-
HpocoM% BpeMeiiH BnaIIeTCH Bonpo B' ocTOOHhfi, T. e. BOIpoC'
06f OTHouieHHiHx 3ana;iHoa f HJH poMaHOrepMaHCKOfl EBp0on K%
BOcTOHOfl IJIH rpeKOCJIaBHHCKfi H 0o npaBHJibHOM'b paurpaHuieHiH
RXL reorpa(q)HqecKHxL m KlyyIbTypHbXL c(j)ep,. HI3 aTOro BIAHIO,
qTO ri aBHaH OCb eBponetcKoft cCTopin sa nocjUtHie 15 B']'KOBn,
HanpaBRnjeTca C'b c' Bepa Ha 1iora o JIHHin, OT.i'iJiaHot)ifpl Mip%
sanaaHOxpHCTiancKilf HJIH poManorepMaHCKiii OT' BOCTOqHOXpM-
CTiaHCKaro HJ rpeKociaBaHCKaro1). IIOTOMy TO B-I HCTOpiH
cpeaHefi H H HOB EBpOIln 6orile BHHMaIIifl 3acJiy;tImBanaOT T'
HapoAIHH CTOJIKHOBeHiS, KOTophlS HanpaBJiSOTCH OTC r Ouo ofla H,
THXx AByxa IIOJIOBHos eBponericearo qeJoBteqecTBa IIpOTIB'L
p yrotn, qtML Tt, KOTopu S coBeplumaoTca Ba cpeArl T0 UJIH
atpyroft OJIOBHHUI. TaKb MeTeopojorqecKiH OTHOnmellil Hna-
iimeifi aCTH CBtTa 6oate 3aBMCiTT% OT' Bs03aymIIHbIXH% lBMtenift,
coBepuimaiorixcH no napanienu, c% Banaaa Ha BOCTOKI. 9'btMr
OT nBnneHnii, HanpaBsnJ1fl[0I xca no MepmAiaHy, Cb ctBepa na IGOb.


MeeKjay TMHU BceMipHOHCTOp4HecKHMH jBHmIeHiHMH, B'h KO-
TOpux'L OTpatajiOCb B% cpeanie B'Ka BSaHMOa'I1aCTBie AByX%
IOJIOBHHr> xpncTiaHCKOif EBpOInu, nepBoe MICTO 6escnopHo npa-
HaAJieTITL KpecTOBhM%, iioxo1laM%. B% HHX% Bcero spse npo-
HBHJIHC h KYJILTypHbe KOHTpacThI, pa3At S oIie cL XI B.


1) IloPpo6Sie sTO HA83omeHO Bb coqiHHeniH B. H. JIaMaHcKaro: 065
HcTopT ecKoMoL Hnaycnia rpeKOCJIaBHsnHcaro Mipa B'L 3anaflrnoa Enponl.







_3, '; .,,

3

xp4CTiaHCKif BOCTOK'L H 3aIIaAb, H rpYIunpOBKa Hapotonb,
BbICTynIIBIIHIX' BT KaqeCTBT' AtlITejiei TO BOCTOqHOXpICTiaicKoiI,
TO sanatnHOxpHCTiaHCKofl o6pa3oBaHHOCTH, H HaKOHIleb OTLHOmeHie
K% STHM'L KOHTpaCTaM% I rpyninaMi Mipa TpeTbaro, aailcKo-
aShlqecKaro.
3aKjnHoqaJacb me 9TH KyJhTypHble iK0HTpacmu: npe;Kie Beero
B- yqeHiH 0 BHAHMOaf riaBa U epKBM Ha 3auaAt He HeBjHMOli-
ia BOCTOKA; 0 MOHapxHqecKOMU,, ita;e /IHKTaTopCKOM' ero CTpO'
Ha 3ainaajt H AeMOKpaT1rqecKoMT, co60pHOM'b Ha BOCTOK'I;
0 BOHHCTByioujiei iepapxin, opraHH.Ra aHHOf Bs'L itjih apMin
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HiMeHeM' Altmark, Nordmark, Mittelmark, Uckermark, Neumark






. i '* ;









10

noKpbIJHM BCIO TeppHTopilo Mem~iiy Jla6oio IOApoio, OTVaCT14 11
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passajnnax- BanTinccKaro ceiaBHHCTBa, a 3aTfM% AaHian, IIIHegi.
H HaKOHeCib poaCTBeHHhln opxeeH% JNI4BOHCI4AXr MeqeHOCIueBa%,
coeAHHInBlUnitcH C IIpyCCKnIM Ba 1237 r., caty mHJim Raq no-
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nLMenKo-opxeHCKux% ropokoBb Wlb6lIHra, IKenirc6epra, MeMenfI,
a TaKme noAHnaO TOp0B0oe HaeHie 6oaJIe cTapuxr rI'opoAOBa%
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(Kulm), TopyHa (Thorn) 4 H. Ap.
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poica C OpxeHOMb, nposie me iame nomoraan nocat'IieMy
~% repMaHHisailiH npyccraro nomopbri.
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IpocToHapoAb H C CTaJia nOMOPlTb HtMiaM'r. Ho CO BTOPO0








11

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I- ..+= .









12

CTaBJi~aJi TorAa He MejiKyIo o6jiacTL, Ba poAn opieHa o6pHH-
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npoqHo opraHHSOBaHHoe, CKptiHieHHoe AByXBh;KOBo 6o0pb6of C
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Ha KaKyKr ocy;KleHbi 6H1JI BO BpeMS KpeCTOBHaX' HOXOAOB%




- ,2 . .




13 '

npaocJaaBHbIe apa6u, rpeKH, CHaBflHe B'h IepycaJIuHcKOM% Kopo-
JreBCTB', JIaTHHCKOB R HMnepin, AxefcKOM-, rep1orcTB'b.
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IHHOKeHTiSa III Fa DpuApxa II FepMaHOM'b 4OH%-3aJIbLa H pas-
BHTofl ero iupeeMHwIKaMH, Bcero apse Bhlpa;KaeTca Bs yMt-
HiH nIIOJOBaTbLC AJI HI qtJlel OpAeHa CaIJaMH He TOJIIKO IaTICTBa,
HO H MMnepiH, JOBKO JaBupya MeMeAly HHMM Bb repioALu A14
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KyCCTBOM'L yM$n14 TeBTOHCKie roxMeicTepi i AepmaaTbcS MemLiay
rHpeTeHAeHTaMH Ha dominium maris Baltici: raH3o8f, ,aHieit,
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Dovete adunque sapere, come sono due generazioni da
combattere bisogna essere volpe e leone,
T. e. qTO B, MeiAyHapOAHbix' pacnpax' noaio6Haro poia He-
06xoAiMO COceAHHHTb B% ce6'b CBOfiCTBa JIHCHRhIi H JlbBa.
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i. ,



*' *- .









14

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B3HJIn MVIHnKeBHq'b cIOKeT-> cBoero ,,KoHpaia BajnreHpoAa",
TeBTOHCKift opieHea, yie yTBepAHBmiiffca Ha npHMOpb'h Me;CAy
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BHAaxb o6earneeHi flj ;( ce6H cyxoIyTHaro coo6ireHia c, IIOA-
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JIITBy, HO H Ha Pycb, rji ero HsAaBHa MaHH1n, K C ce6t;
IICKOR'b, sa KOTOpUJMb MeaJLbKai BL% OTtajeHiH M BeatMKiR
HoBroponO.
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ero IuoHfTiaqIM, B1 KpecTOHOCHOML> nps3aHnii Op;teHa, a paBHO
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KHJ3b BHTOBT%, KOTOPUl nppH BCeM% CBOeM'o HenOCTOHCTB!t H1
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pas3iopa, H3 -s3a KOToparo B% Haqaat XV R. BOSHAKJIH pa.no-
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15

BOeHHnIH CTOJIKHOBeHiH, SaKOHqHBIdfICSI B' 1410 r. naMJITHOIO
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1 HMtIl'aI HKOTOpoe BJiiaHie Ha pt 'reeHi ojiobcKaro Kopojii
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CMe;IKHux' no6epeEbaHX% BaJITHI4K, upe;cTaBJaiBIIH4XI nocjIt rH6eJR I
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16

JItMc (Griinwald), HeBAa.1eK,. OT' nojisi pyccKo-PpanlIyscKaro
cpa;aeHia noA Npeftt cnm 3Dlaay (IIpyccKaa 1maBa).
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CTaBJITLb np16JIH3 ITeJibHO B% paitax, nepBoft Ao 100-150.000 M.,
a BTopof 60-80.000. B%' BOICKax% BHTOBTa O6imI Me;Kty npo-
A IM, CTr'M : rpoAHeHCKHif, 6pecTcHilt, ;pornUwHHCKif, MeJlbHHlKifi,
I HHCKift, BHTe6cKii, I1oloIKifl, CMojreHCKifi, CTapoay6cKifA, KieB-
CKifi, KpeMeHeRKit nH MHOroqncJIeHHaa TaTapcKaH KIOHHHua, noA'b
KOMaHjiIO CajiaarHa, cUHa TOXTaMHIUma; B'b BOCfiCKa xie fJeJijiI
6iJIO MHOFO HaeMHHKOB3% qeIUCKHX%, MOpaBCKIHX%, CHLie3CKHx%,
6o0Jrbeio qaCTifo KaBajiepHCTOB'%. B% p{Atax% nocaJInfl.H4% Haxo-
A JIBCf, IIOBHI4AHMOMy, 1 3HaMeHMThi BIIOCJlJfA,!CTBi BOK;Jb I'yCkH-
TOBs HaH'% bKIHEKa. B'L Bo1CKaxa rIe rpoccMeficTepa YaLpnixa
o(%-IOHrnmHH'eHa, HapHay co CTfaraMH pIujapef HI Boo6i.e opAeH-
SCKonpycCKHMH, cpa.;aJmich, KRaK COI3HHKM4, MHOrie KHHSh3b CHIce3-
cKie, noMopcKie, MHuieHcKie (Meissen), a saT';M% HaeMHHKH
H1iKHeHrMeijKie, pefiHcKie, TiopaHHrcie, q)paHKoHCKie, MIBa6cKie,
mlBeefuapCKie, aBcTpiiicKie, OTqacTH 1 cJIaBHHCKie, H1am nauiy-
60oB3, jnyKiaH%', qeXOBL, MopaBiHf, CHl4e3Ile8B%.
PaTI cJIaBHHCKasI 3aHHMaJIa IOalHyIo 'aCTL 1i0310Hiil, Inp-
leM% jrf;Boe KPhJIO aTOif paTH COCTOHBIIee a3% IIOJIKOB% HAr'eaJII,
orIHpaaocL B% .aXfC'b, 3aiHiTLb1i OTqacTH YIqeCKHMH ero liaeMH4-
KaMH, TO'PAa KaRK, ipaBOe KpUJIO, COCTOBIBUIee H1s% IMITOBCKH'Xb,
pyCCKHX nM TaTapCKIHX1 IIOJIKOB% BHTOBTa, 3a8~HMaIO 1103Iiou1
6olhe OTKpITry)O, IpIJImera'BuylO Kb He6OlbULIoil pt'qK'. BoficKa
ace OpAeHa HacTyuajm c'b c'irepa, unpHneMb YJibPHXt onI, IOH-
PHHre-IH, 110 pulapcKoMy o6-qato, Ha'laJl cpaiKenie Bh6CUIKOIO
ffreJlni n BIHTOT'ry AByX' Meqefi, c% HaJMeHHO[l pthqbI, Bhpa-
H;aBnieio InOJIHyr yiB',peHHocTb r'oxMelfCTepa B no6t'Lbt; ay,%
cJiaB3HHCKOii paTbio. BcKopP oKa3aJIocb, HTO OHL% 6wlji' 6ojxte
pbuIapeM,, YlM'h AHiCTBITTenIbHblM% IIOJIKOBOJAkeMt, '[TO H
SjIo OAuoft H3on, ipIn, ero nopa;wenia. IpaLia, n Hrejto



S i', ;.







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17

- qejOBtR'b ymae no3~Eaoio H KpatHe HeptureTeJibHhfl He
o6HapymaHjir upH aTOM% BoeHHHX'L TaJIaHTOB'b. Ho Ba ero
BOffCKax% HaxoIAcJIc BHTOBT'b, KOTopubI BO Bee BpeM 614TBhI
HOCHJICH noAI'b OrHeM'I, oyalyeBJIIa CBOIHM' My;eTBOM% 1
.HepriefI He TOJIbKO CBOH, HO H HfreJIJOBB HIOJIKH. XOTHS Ba cpa-
aeHiH aTOM'B atItcTBOBajiH yale 1 uymKH H pymlKa, oco6eHHo
B'r CTTriax OpAeHa, HO npeo6aaIaromee .aHaqeHie HMm'xb erIe
6olf KaBaeJpiitcKilt H pyKOInamHI f. IIoif6a CHaqaJIa CKJIOHH-
racb Ha CTOPOHY OpAeHa, oco6eHHo BCJIn$ffTBie OTCTyniJIeHiJ H
6rcTBa HtKOTOpblX', TaTapCKHX% H JH1TOBCKI4Xb OTpfItOBr%; HO
IOJIKH pyccKie (cMOJIeHcKie H Ap.) Bo3CTaHOB14JI nOmaTHyBuiieca
6wJIO pafl cjaBHHCKOI paTH, KOTopaS nepemia HaKOHeII B'b
HacTynleHie, KorAa 4H irejJio, no HacTOHsHiH BHTOBTa, BhICTy-
uoaH Hna 'L upHKmphITia Auia o6o0AeHiF CBOHXIb nOJIhCKHX' BOfiCK'L.
HecMOTpa Ha MylecTBO piaiapeif Ce roxMeICTepOMr BO rJIaBt,
KOTOphIt ,JIHHO 6pocHIca Bb caMyio rymy cpameHnia, BOfiCKa
OpAeHa 6biUH coBepumeHHo paa6nMTbl o6pameHIu B' 6trcTBO.
IIorlH6 roxMeftCTepb YJIbpHx'L H HrhCKOJIbKO COT'I MOHaxOB'T-
ph iapefi; H3b HaeMHHKOBW me OpeHa iiarjo Ao 18.000, no
ApyrHM'b tao 40.000, npHMemnib o 50 npyccKKHX6 .3HaMeH'b
6UJIO saxBaieHO no6'tliHTeJInMH. BeJIMKa 6bia y6abi H Bs pa-
jiax'~ CjaBHHCKHXr', XOTSI BPSIl,'b JIH OHa AOCTHraJia 60.000 q.
KaK yTBepa IiA Hl HtMeiKIie HCTOPHIK. Bo BCaKOMr, cjiysat,
HTO 6bIJIO OJHO 14H3 CaMUIX' KpOBOHPOHIITHhUXab cpameHilf B'
HCTOpiH He TOJ.IKO OpAena, HO 1 Bceef cpeAHeBLKOBOAf EBponi.
KaKyio nacHHKy pacupocTpaHfio nopameHie OpAeHa BT eiro
Bnaa 'aHiHX' H HaCKOJIbKO OHO IIOTpCJIo ero aBTOpHTeT%, BTO
BMJIHO 143b IocJItAOBaBmelf 3aTbMb Lo6poBOJibHOfi caqi fPreasju
M BIrTOBTy iAtiaro pqAta opAeHncKHx' ropo;tOB,, KptuOCTefi,
eun4CKonOB' H ApyrHx'a BjnaAlTejieft, TaK T qTO qepesa Ht-
CKOmIbKO HeACt BT pyKaXr CJIaBfHCKHXr% COIO3HHKOBr% HaxoAH-
aJCb cBt nOqTH BjIaaL HiH OpAeHa, %b r aaHCKOM'L BO rJIaBt.
YcToajII TOJIbKO MapieHaypr%, 1 TO 6aaroAPaps He CTOJIIKO My-
;KecTay HOBaro roxMelfcTepa Peap4xa )OH,-IIayeHa, cKojIbKO
HepacuopWAlHTeaebHOcTH HreaijiI H ero pas3oraaciIo ca Bw-
2


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18

TOBTOM'L, IIOB BHMOMy, onacaBllMhMca speaBMpHaro ycHieHifloJbiOml
Ha pasBaJIHHax% OpAeHa. HtKOTopoe coAtficTBie OppeHy oKa-
saxaa AUHBepcia Bs JIHTBA Co CTopOHhI phIgapelt J1IHBOHCKHX%,
a BT Majiof 11o0.blmI CO CTOpOHh CrrH3MyHAa YropcKaro.
Bjaroyapsa TI4M% yCJIOBifM% TaHHeH6eprcKaa 6HTBa He BhI-
SsaJa HeMe~JLeHHaro iaAeHix OpAeHa. Hao6opoT,, no uepBOMy
TopHCKOMy MNpy (1 eeBp. 1411 r.) BJnaAtHiH ero 6bIH B03-
CTaHOBJIeHhl, nHOTH Bb IpeamHHXr rpaHHBax%, TaRK' H TO iame
fJMyAl OTomIJIa K'I flreJiii H BHTOBTYy JIHRM KaKL nO aH3HeHHoe
BanaAiHie mx, cb o6 B3aTeJlbCTBOM'b B03BpaTHTb ee BnOCJ1+]ACTBiI4
OpAeHy, 'TO BnpoqeMm Ha IAtl He OcyIeCTBHJIOCL.
Bo BCHKOMb cnayqat, TaHHeH6eprcKifi norpoM0 HaCTO.abKO
paCIiaTajl OpAeHi, a BMtCT' Cb TtML HaCTOJIbKO IOAHH'JIT
JIyx% JHTOBineB I H OJI0KOB'L, HTO nepeBLc% rocyAapCTra noJIbCKO-
JIHTOBCKaro HaAl OpeeHOM% HaAojro 6hUIn o6eaneqeH% H IIOAqH-
HeHie uocjiaHaro nepBOMy HBJIHJIocL Jinrlh BonpocoM% BpeMeHI,
HnpTOMIn He o'eHL oTaaIeHHaro. C' TOfI nop HaqHHaeTCH a H
OpAeHa nepioAb BHYTpeHHHX'r CMyT', npisBeaXmaLxa Meatly npo-
q1HMb K% H31JIOKeHiio BI 1414 r. roxMe]iCTepa 4OHa-IflayeHa
Hn AioUroJItTHeMy 3aKJIOqeHiro ero B'b TeMHHI Y, SIKO6h 3a nIamHH
cb noUHKaMH. IIpyccKie enHConbiK JBopHHe, 6ioprepui, He-
SCMOTPJ Ha HtMelKoe npoHcxom ieHie 6o0JIbIIHCTBa MX%, He no-
KenjiaiH Aoje TepunTb B% cTpaHt TeoKpaTHiecKyIO TH-
paHHiro TeBTOHCKHx' puriape1l, TaKIb qTO Kora Io.ibma BO BTO-
Spo# nOJIOBHuH XV B. BMtlImaJIaC B' BTH CMyThI, TO puiiapaM,
1npRnunocb o6paTHTbca 8a nOMOInbH, K% qeniCKHMb KOHAOTbepaM%.
B% 1466 r. no BTOpOMy TopHCKOMy MHpy flonbi a npHCoeaH-
HH4ia K% CBOHM'b BJIaAr'HiIM'hb BCIO 3ana Hylo IIpycciio, cb Ma-
pieH6yprOM' H rIAaHCKOMlT, OCTaBHB4B pUhUapfM' TOJIbKO BOCTO'q-
nylO HOJIOBBHHy HX' rOCyaapCTBa n TO KaKr JieH'%" IIoJMllH.
SB Haqaj$ XVI B. Bs opAeHcKKHx' IIpyccaxb pacnpocTpaHH-
nocb JEoTepaHCTBo, BCJtACTBie eero aTa HMMeriKO-nOInbCKas o06JacTb,
KOTOpy1o JlroTep'r nMeHoBaJ i: abominabilis principatus, qui
hermaphrodita quidam nee laicus, nec religious est, yTpaTHna
BCHKifi CMLICJI cyecyITBOBaHiH. 10ocaJIHiif roxMeitcTepb OpaeHa,


^









19

Ahb6pexT' paHAHeH6yprcKifi (n83 ForeHqOJiaepHOB%), BbHy;K-
ilei% 6hlun BCJIO'ACTBie TOrO IpoIs3BecTH Ba BTof0 O6JIaCTH ce-
KynapHnsaiio H o6 bSIHTb ce6~ HaCJIaACTBeHHbIM' repioroM C ea,
HO Hab eHHLIX' OTHOmeHilHX He K b PHMCKofI HMnepin, a n1
[Ionbult. Co6uTie sTO, KaKI H 6HTBa noAI' TaHHeH6eproM%-
rpIOHBaJiLbAM'%, yBIKOBPteHO H BtCTHOIO HaPTHHO)I MaTe iKH.
IKi comajiHilo, rnH6eaJ OpAeHa He 6ijia rPH6eJlblO HH-
MeilKarPO PrOCIn TB& B'b HHAOBbHX% BHCJI I H HtMaHa. roreH-
rojlJepHh cyMtaH BHOBL nepeTHHyTb 9Ty o6jiacT Bb ctepy
FepMaHiH H, IupCOeCNHHHB' ee Kh BpaHaeH6ypry, o6pasoBaTb
183 Hea 6oA biuoe rocyltapcTBo, KOTOpoe UocTeneHHO BhbTICHHJIO
nOJHKOB%' H3' BOCTOqHblX'b I 3aIIaHHbIHux Ipycc%, 3axBaTHIO
npH (pIpHApHx II HtKOTOpua qiHCTO InonbCKiS oOJIaCTH nOj o'
HMeHemM% IpyccKaro KopoJIeBCTBa CTajI Bo rJaBs repMaHCKOMf
HMnepiH.
Ho ecaH 9TO TaKb, TO, 6bITb MoioeTb, TaHHeH6eprcKaa no-
6tia RBJiaeTCH He 6oJte, KaKb 6IeCTHMIHM'L, HO 6e3CJItAHhlM'%
)efiepsepKoM- BL HCTOPiH OTHollueHif Mipa BOCTOqHaro, rpeKo-
caaBHHCKaro, Kb 3allnaHOMy, jiaTHHOHtMeIRKOMy?
H-T'%, TaKoe saKJlioqeHie 6biJIO 6L OmI60oHoO, a BM'bCTh
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repofM'b DTOf no06tIu. HecMOTpa Ha BCe npoMaxa, cj~iaHHhie
rno6tAUTe naMH nocat TaHHeH6eprcKO 4 6HTBBI, OHa OCTaBHJIa
npoaqHubI CJIib' B'h HCTOpiH rpeKOcaaBH'L, aaa H Bo006e EBponH.
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aeMOKpaTHIecKHMH1 Ha HqiHaJIRHbIMM, KaK' 9TO yaajocb HeBa-
Aonro nepea TtM% H MuIBefifapuaMb noAib 3eMnaxonb (1368 r.), a
TypIKaM% noJIt HHKonoJIeM% (1398 r.); noiojuHJia KoneOi' KpecTO-
BLIM'% InoxoaMab repaHncKaro 3anaja Ha ITTOCJIaBfHCKiAt BOCTOK'
B% no6epenbaxa BaJITHKH; notp ptaaa KOpeHb cymecTBOBaHia Ha
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HJIH MOHauecKo-pecny6jjHKaHCKO1 TpaBeCTiHiH ea; OEM1BHJIa m
yKptii a HaAe;JItI cJIaBHHCTBa Ha B03MOi HOCTb OTCTORTL OT%
3anaAta CBOIO HapO)HyIO M KyJIbTypHy)I CaMo6bTHOCTb; COA fi-
CTBOBsaa HaniOHabJHOMy BospomAeHiO He TOJibKO 1OJIbIIIH H




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20

JIHTB61, HO H exiH BpeMeH rFyca, KOTOlfpu He HanIpacHO no-
8ApaBHJIs Hreaay cb TaHHeH6eprcKoI4 no6toif, KaKb Topme-
CTBOM 6o0KbHro AlJia HaAI H'-MeUKOIO ropaubHei; ocia6nit a Ht-
MeuKift HaTHCK'E Ha iKMyAb, KOTOpaj 6 1aroaapg aTOMy ii coxpa-
HHJIaCb JLOHhIH' BL pyKaXb JIHTBHHOB'b, OllIpa IO]IXCHf Ha Pycb;
o6ierimia ycntXH nocjnI'aHert B%' JiBOHiH, KypOHiH, OCTOHiH,
oxpaHHBs TaKIHM o6pa3so0M% aTUieft I4 8CTOB't OT% IIO.IHOOI
repMaHsHaaiiH, KOTopaa 6uha 6u HeH8a6tHa Bb cJIyqat TOp-
aecTBa OpAeHa noA'b TaHHeH6eproMb. TaKHmnM o6pa.o30M a
HbHIUlfHIaa HaiioHalbHal cjia6ocTb HtMeIlKOrl CTHXiH B-t IIpn6ai-
TifCKHx' ry6epHiHxa oKasu3aeTca o6yciaoBeHHOIO CTOJ i OTAa-
JIeHHhM'b OT' Hac% HI IIOBHIAHMOMy 6e3pa3lanWHhIM% ;tba Poccin
co6huTieM'L, KaKI TaHHeH6eprcKaa 6HTBa. OHa HaB.JIeTCR, ct-
,OBaTe2bHO, KaK-L 6u npeATeqeto 6HTBLI IloaTaBcKoIR, noj06HO
TOMy, KaK% MiHpb TopHcKift, OCO6eHHO BTOpOf, 6aI% npeABtcT-
HHkIOM'b Mpa IHaE[TaATCKaro.
TaHHeH6epr% n 'H oTaBa aaIH coBepumeHHo pyrofi 060-
pOTb 6aJITiicKof0 qacTH seaiKaro BocToeHaro Bonpoca, OTKPbuJlH
Xas PocciH Busxo' Ba% anaaHbla MOps, caItOBaTeJIHO onpe-
JIHJIaH AO HUKOTOpo0 CTeneHH ea MipOBoe Inojo;eeHie, e9 pyKo-
BOJIUYIO POJlb He TOJIbKO B% CJIaBHHCTBt, HO H BO BCeML
BOcTOWHO-XpIcTiaHCKOMb Mipt.
BOT' Bb qeeM'b 3aKHioqaeTca BceMipHOHnCTOpnecKoe 3Ha-
qeHie pa3CMOTptHHarO aHH3oA a 1 BOT'b qtML onpeAtajeTcH HamI'b
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A06puM'b CJIOBOM% OTAaaeHHbIX' OT% Hac% HO BpeMeHH, HO
6an13KHX'b nO Ayxy BHTs,3eft, CIOMHBIIlHX' CBOOHM' 6e38aBtTHhIM%
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K-b xapaKTepNCTNKt NlaiaKaro.

(;IoOjiaAs, upouHTaHaIfl Ba' 3actaHin YqeHo-JIHTepaTypHaro 06inecTBa npH
HMnepaTopcKOM' IOpbieBCKOM'i YaHBepCHTeT', 3 oTKT6pa 1898).

2 (14)iIoa B IIparb oTnpa3LIHOBaHa COTas rOAOBII(HHa poKAeHiH
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HapoA%, 6e.a, paa nHia napTift, IIPmHHJIL yqacTie B' aTOMu Top-
KecTBIt, npn coyqacTin upegcTaBHTeneif MHOrPHXb BHOCJIaBIHCKHX'I,
B'h TOM'b HHCJIl H pyCCKHX1', Hayq9HXbX H OlueCTBeHHUX'L
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H Haiui YHHBepCHTeTe o6paTnlJI no aTOMy cjiyqaIO K'L
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HSU3% HAaHift BTHX' HaH6ojaie npproAHUMH MH, noKaaajiH8 L Ana:
1) Palacky Narodu H3n. npamcK. IO6JIefBH. KOMHTeTa 14
2) Pamatnik na oslavu stAch narozenin Palackdho, H3j). qeHICK.
yqeH. o61mecTBa, emicK. AKaAeMiH H I HeICK. MaTHIbl. THIMH,
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raeMoft KpaTrKoi xapaKTepIcCTHKt IIajiaiKaro.








22

I. BarsmiwA IlJaauiKaro Ha BaRHHfluIie MOMeHThU ero I0UnqHot
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CBoeM' npoHcxomxAeHin Hsa MopaBcKaro cena roAcjaBasnu, iemia-
1iiaro 6JI1n3 BoAopa83Afjia BanTitcuKaro 1H epHaro MOpelf, noAu'
ropofi PaprocTa 1Jn PaaroIeM%, KOTOpbuf OH% o IIOTOM'b BOClInBaiB
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no ero CJnoBaM%, np Bcefe cBoefl npocTOTt, qeOE0B'Kti Heo6bI-
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Bajb6ypra, ypoPKAeHHoft Pappax%, rit' yqe6Hoe ib'kfjo IIOCTaB:leHO








23

6uho o OveHb xopomo H npenoAaBaJncib 7aKe Haqajia Bceo6I6me
ACTOpiH, aHTponojoriH, 4(MHgKH, ceIbCKaro xoa08ICTBa H T. U.
Ho KpoMu HlMeiKRarO H3bIKa Torta Heo6xoiHMb eige 6bhJIl
BI ABCTpiH H JiaTHHCKift, KOTOphbl oco6eHHO unpOnBtTa.'l B'b
nmKoiax' seBrepcKHxa. Btpo0rHo no TOf I upHsqn't HIanaEKift
6un oT.aH'n Bs 1809 r. Bs TpeaHHLs, a B 1812 r. Bs
IIpec6yprcKif EsaHrenRiecKift JIHAetf. XOTH CHCTeMa o6pawoBania
6huna TaM% nOCTaBJIeHa He oco6eHHO xopoIIIO (HMeHHO, B' Tpea-
IHHf), Bee xe-laiairKiL f C03HaeTCH, HTO IIO.'b BJiiaHieM' TaMOmHHXI
CJIOBaKOB% 3apoOAHJICH B% HeM' HHTepec' K'S qeuIIKOf JTITepaTypt,
a TaKae qpea3 cep60oB KS JIHTepaTyp' cep6cKoft, pyccKon
H IepKOBHo-cjaBHHCKeo. Bs Ipec6yprcKoM% JlInet Tosapa~leMI
HajiaaKaro 6ubj n Konjiap%, Ho ero CJIaBHSM% pasBHj c-Ae
nose, B' IentH, 1IOA1b BJIianieMn IIIa4apHKa. Boo6me, IlaialKift
CIHTanI% ce6a maejo o6asaHHblMM' mKOJi H J1OHI'b BInocJIIACTBiH
HaS3BaT Cce6s aBTOJIiHIaKTOM' (Pam. 249 CTp.). Ho OKOHIaHiH
'b 1817 r. JInjea IHIajiaKi IT nocTyIHJas B rysepHepu Ba
ceMeft8TBO HHHiU epAareJb, rF, ocTaBsaca 5 AjTs ao 1822 r.
3Ty AaMy, KOTOpaH OTHOCHJ acb KS HeMy c% aJo6OBL0sI MaTepH H
npIHHMana Tenioe yqacTie Bt ero AaJ1bHftIme JIM TepaTypHOMS
o6pasoBaHiH, OHu B's CBOHX% BOCIIOMHHaHiaIX CMHTaeT% HaH6oJILe
npH6JwatiouMeioca Kb MAeaiy 'fHCTOOR KeHCTBeHHOCTH. Bt elH
AOMt IlanaqaKift ct ycnfxlOM I poAonJKanIS CBoe uHJIoco3CKOe H
OCTeTlqecKoe o6pa3oBaHie H BblTyllHJI Ha IIHCaTejIbCKOe nonpme,
KaK'b 9CTeTHKL-KaHTiaHeH'b H nHOBT' aHTHqHaPO H KJIOnTITOKOB-
cKaro HanpaBaeHia. MemKAy npoHMan, aIIanaKil o6AyMMBajiS
TorAa Tpare io HEb pyccKOft HCTOpiH (y6ieie IoaHHa AHTOHO-
BHaa) H pOMaHS Ha TeMy ToacTOBCKaro BolHa H MHpt -(Has
BpeM. HaiiojIeoHa I). Ho yKBe Bs TO BpeM5 HaqajIs BOaHHKaT
BS HeM' BOnpOC%: He IIpuHBaH'-JIH OH 61hTb HCTOpHKOMs CBoero
Hapoia ?
Heo6xo~uHMCTh CBo6o0tHO nupo|ecciH o6ycjosBeHa 6huia Anii
He'o T'M't, HTO, KaKs IIpoTecTaHT%, OH% He MOPrL-,e npH
nMuepaT. (DpaHIt II noJyqHTL HHKaKoro MUCTa, KpOMt paasB
nacTopcKaro, Kt KOTOPOMy He HM;lnha BJeqeHia.








24


Bs anprip 1823 r., OKOHtIHB'L CBoe ryepHepcTBo BS
AOMt BeHrepcKof nOM4HtiijHhl, IIaJaIaKiit npH6hIu'b Ha HbKOTOpoe
BpeMs B' IIpary, 'ITo6bI n088aHaTbCH TaMS MaTepiaiaMH pla
ryCHTCiofl n oxH a Boof6Ie opieHTHpoBaTbch OTHOCIHTeJIbHO aJaJib-
Heft lefe cBoef KapbepH.
CepaeqHo nPHHITbITu B% 06HeCTBt IOHrIaHa, fIpec~i, FaHKH
K ApyIHX'% qemIIKHXs naTpiOTOB%, HaaBII1HX ero no JIHTepa-
TypHhLnM onIJITaM%, lTIaJiauKif nOCTeIneHHO BTiHy3Cfl Ba> qeLucKia
OTHIIIeHiH H HaBcerAa OCTajjiCJ BT Iparh. Oco6eHHo Ba;aHbuIM
OKaSaJrocb AJIH LaJibHif iarO HrCTopuqecKaro ero o6pasoBaiia TO,
TO IlIaiauKii sacTans enie Bs ;aHBIXa B's ITpart' reHiajnbaro
naTpiapxa caaBRHCKoft 4HaooJi'oJIHjo6poBcKaro, KOTOpubI Ao38BOJIjI'TI
MOJIOAOMy 3eMJHRKy e;xe;iHeBHO K' HeMy IIPXOAHrTb ~JI5 ynpa;KHeHif
BbT qTeHim CTapixb rpaMOT'b H BOO6uee jiaJ HayqeHiis HCToq-
HHKOB'% xeUICKO0 HCTOpiH. 9TH qaCTHUhIB aHHTil CTOIJIH A1I
IIaniaaKaro i~tiaro yHHBepcHTeTa! OHH MWInJ BjniHHie Ha a.a~L-
HUfyiyIto ero iiH8Hb H BL TOM' OTHOmeHiH, TO JAO6poCKifi,
ysHaBS no6EIHme -IajauiKaro H IIOJIO6HBhs ero, BBeJIl ero BT
cpeAy qemnciof apHcToKpaTil, a IMeHHO: rpaoisOB IIITepH6epKOB'
(OpaHql', OCHOBaTe Ib qemcKaro Mysea, Jyqlmii 3 HaTOK' nen[cKofR
HCTopiB iiocJt Io06pOBCKaro H Kacuep%, reonjor%, Apyr. rfTe),
KOTopuhlb reHeajeorilo OH b AOJifeeH% 6hJIn COCTaBHTb, a 3aTtMh
rp. IepHHHa, KH. RJHHCKarO, rp. KaaM% MapTIHHIa, XoTeKa H Ap.
IIpH HX% HOcpe;LCTB'1 IIanarKii He TOJlbKO 6jIHme 30HaKOMHjCIH
C ceMeftHMH M X apxHBaMH cTapotemcKof ImIJIHXTh, HO M C% co-
BpeMeHHOIO nHOJHTHH4eCKOK IO KHHbIO IexiH H1 BOoo6me EBpnOu, qTO
6~aaroipiHTHO OTpas3nocb Ha ero AaJibHtUiefl1 AfHTeJIbHOCTH.
B'b KOHwh 1825 r. Ha OAHOM'b H a o06ftolB y rp. (DpaHaa
IITepH6epia, rat npcHCyTCTBOBaiSn H ALo6pscBKift, aasBasa~ c pa.3-
roBop'h o TOM': MOmreT%--a eile BOcKpeCHyTb, elmcKif HapoA ?
Jo6poBCKif oTHocHnjci KS 8TOMy cKeHnTHqeKH, HO IIanaiKitn
yTBepH;Aains, ITO B0o3pomjeHie BO8MOKHO, eCJIH qeiicKiJe yqeHLe
H IHcaTeJH 6YAyT L ncIaTb He IIo-AHMelKH IHIIib (KaK'L BTO
AtJiani jo6poBcKiAi), HO H iio-qemcKH. PesyJILTaTOM'S Toft
6ectI;ij, rIPt CTOPOHy Hanal~Karo npuHanj~ rp.







25

tIpejcuiAaTeJb qeinCK aro My8se, 6bajb ripoeEKTT HAaia upH
nIocja'AHeM'b aypHania Ha asbuaxb--HtMeIiKlOM% (2 roja) I qenm-
CKOM'L (BIocaJItcTBiH TOJIhKO Ha HeMb). Pe1aKTopoM% 6LUJI% u3-
6paH'b IIanalKill, HTO cosaaaio Ji.Mi Hero H'CKKOJbKO Jyqumee
o6ilecTBeHHoe nHOjoKeHie, J[OSBOJIHJO ;ReHHTLCH Ha AoqepH OpHOro
8saKTOIHaro IH BJiaTeJlbHaro qenmcKaro aiBoKaTa (itp. Mexypu)
H BIIOCJItACTBii rIOJIyqHTb OT% qelIlCKHX'% HHOB'L 3BaHie qlemcKaro
HcTopiorpaja (r hcoiqaile yTBepiMAeil TOJIaKO Br 1839 r,,
nroc.T1 Bbxoaa I T. AfMH'). C% a KaKoi 6ITpOTOR OH% opieH-
THposancaRCH B qemCKOt HCTopiorpa)inH, B14AHO M ero KOHKypCHOIf
pa6oT : Wiirdigung der altesten Quellen zur bohmischen Ge-
schichte (ytaqaaHa Bb 1830 r.). CosmHeHie DTO HanoMHHaeT'%
B'h qemcKoI HcTopiorpatin coq. BaTTeH6axa: ,,Deutschlands
Geschichtsquellen im Mittelalter" B% HcTopiorpafiH HIMeJIKOlt.
B% 1829 r. yMep- jo6pOBCKifi, a B% 1830 r. H (p. IIITepH-
6epK', HO noc3x'Muro 3aM'HHJIb ,AO HtKOTOpofi CTeneHH KH. KIHH-
CKifi, npeJntCiJaTenb HOBoyqpemaeHHOnfl npn inHBOMI yqacTilH Da-
naaUar'o Ba 1830 r. iemcwKof MaTnIu.
YnoMMHaeT% IIaxaLaKift B% CBoefi aBTo6iorpad)iH H o njaHt
pyccKaro npaBHTeJlbCTBa B% 30-xL roaax, Bbl3BaTb B% IleTep-
6ypr% 8HaMeHHTaro noBTa H )HJiOJaora-caJaBHCTa TeJIHROBcKaro,
apxeorpa4a raHKy, cJaBHHOBkALa IlaB.a MIIadapAKa, ITO Ha-
iialaKii CqHTaji% BpeAHbIM% A.1 lqemeICKOfi HayKH H jATepaTypbi,
nomeMy oHn H yrPBOpHJ41 cHaqa~a ReJISKOBCKarO, a nOTOM% H
IfIadapHKa OTKaBaTbCH OT% 9TO'O Bhl3OBa H nOMOr'L HM1
ycTpOHTbLC Koe-KaKw BL% Upart, KOTopan-Ae BCJalcTBie Toro
,,yTBepAHna CBoe HayqIoe iiepBeHCTBo Memoay cJIaBHHCKHMH
HapoAaMn ".
HaI co061Ti na Hana 40-x% rr. flaianaKifl ynoMnHaeTL o
qHTaHHOM% HM% B AOM'h KH. KapAa IIlsapleH6epra imi ABaallaTn
IlepeAosuxbx% emcKHMX Mar'HaTOBS OCc6oM% HCTOpH'eCKOM1' Kypct:
,,O ipaBaxi L H 1'bTeJIbHOCTH cTapolemcKBXa ceoiMOB'L".
ApXHBHblM CTyjilH jU;H 9qelICKOil HCTOpiIl IamI ,,A$,H'" IexiH
n MopaBin He pa.i OTBJ1eKajiH llajialKaro OT% IIparn TO BH
paa 3qHHIe qenmcKie npoBHiuiaibHbue apxBIu (oco6eHHo EpyM-


,*- *








26

jeBcKift rp. IIIBapleH6epra), TO B% aarpaHHmHue, Hanp., Bs
MioHxeHl, Bpecnaajb, BroptAneil, PnMa, Ape3AeH%, BepnHH'b,
Bs Yrpilo H Arp.
HecKOJILKO noaxte, npH6JIna3BmMc KR% a1oxt' 'yCHTCIOOI,
I anawKif BIHHylKAeH' 6b jis 8aHIThEl CLneIiaJlbHO ieniCKoft HCTOpH-
qecKOft Tonorpa4iei, HaA% q~M% npocua'tan 3 roAa (1845- 1848 r.)
H, KaK% peBsyJbTaTT aTOro rpoMaiHaro Tpy.,a, HsAaJI%: Popis
kral. Cesk6ho.
Co6uTia 1848 r. sBIaasa IHaaiarKaro K% HOJIHTHlecKOfi
atISTeJIbHOCTH. HTo6IU npOTHBOAftiCTBOBaTb paspymlrTejIbHuiM%
acIIpauisaM HtMeI KaHM H MaAbHpCKHM%, iHanpaBJieHHIJM npOTHB'
ABCTpiH, CJIA'OBaTeJibHO rpO3BIBHMr He3B'ItCTHOCTbIO H qeXO-
MopaBcKaM%0 o6jacTaHM, IIajiaKif coOBMtCTHo C'% HtMeIKHMI% ero
upiaTejeM%, CnOTOMb Ba6epTOM, co3san MeuICKmHx' H;MeiARKx
HncaTeaefi K% o6cyzmgeHiio o6mixi AT Jl'. Co6paHie sTO, noArw
lpeC'rhgaTejamTBOMn% IIaqpapnHa, ptlmhJo 8aulHniaTb Haqajio
paBHonpaBHOCTH o6oHX% HapOAOB% TIexiH H coe4HHeHie seMejr
qemicaoRf KOpOH C' KOHCTHITyiiOHHOfi MOHapxieft ABCTpiitcKOfI.
B% auptat 1848 r. IIajnagKifl noJayIqnH npuHrameHie a3i%
(Dpau ypTa Ha MatlH' IpH6piTE TyAa ajn yqacTia B% napJa-
MeHTt HIMeiKoft H1Mnepin. HeMeAjeHHo OHI OTBATHnJI MOTH-
BHp0BaHHIM% OTKa30ai', KOTOpblI 6hluJ HaInelaTaT H Bhl3BaJlJ
HenaBscTb Kx' IIajawKOMy Ba cpeat HtMTneBs%-naH'epMaHHCTOB%.
B% Mat IIalalKoMy 6uaa% npeAlJomeH'Lr nopT(ejie MHHHCTpa Hap.
UpocB. B% KSa6nHeT'f IlHJnepcAop4a, HO IlaJiiaKif OTKaBaaJIC,
upeABHaa npOTecTrT MaAlHap'b HtMugeB% upOTHB' nHjo16Haro
ycHjeHiai cjaBsi48a B'% ABCTpin. JIHImb IOTOM%-Ae la~awtKift-
ysBHaJi, WTO upH oAHOM% c(yxt o6%b TOMr HuMeHOBaHiH yme
HaHTIT% 6hIJl% BI BtiH MHaHHK%, AOJimeHCTBOBaBWiA iaplEaTb
HOBOHMeHOB&HHarO MHHHCTpa-qexa.
BcKopt Ba% Ipart co6paAca cjiassHcKif C%'bha%, Ha KOTO-
poM% nIpH COAtACTBin IIaiiagKaro ptmeHO no;aepaMHBaTb AoncTpifi-
cKyto MOHapxio, HO c'b TtM%, 'TOAb OHa 6Oua upeo6paposaHa
Ha OCHOBax% paBHonpaHBHOCTH BCIX% eI HapoAoB%. Ho qemcKaa
MoJnoAeKb, no BnymeHi aM MaAL apcKHaxH% MHccapoB%, BbhlBana








27

Toraa B% Upart; CTOJIKHOBeHie C% BOlfCKaMH H 60M6apAitpoBKy
ropoga KH. BnHAHUirpelooM%, qTO oqeHL BpeAHo OTpasHJIocb Ha
qemcKanx Atrnaxa.
Ha BtHcKift HunepcKii CefitM, (PeRxcpaTb) 1848 r. Ha-
JiaiKift 6lIa Ha36paH% AenyTaTOMb BT 6 M'CTTax'. 1H TaMn
OH- BnepsBhe opeAJlomafRHJ TOT%' npoeKT, ABCTpifcKOft KOHCTM-
TyIin, OCHOBaHHbfl Ha paarpaHHneHiH BJIaCTeif neHTpajiHbiX% H
o6iaacTHUxL, KOTOpuhi BnoCJItACTBii auJ 6lI yTBepp2aeH- B' OK-
TIS6pcKOML% Ammonn 1860. IIanagKOMy BHOBb npeajUomeH% 6hiji
oceHbIG 1848 r. IIOCT% MMHHCTpa Hapo0,. npocABi., HO OH'
BTOpHqHO OTKaFaaJIc, o0lacaHCb onno3l0HiH HItMIeB%.
Ha peifxcpaTt IKpoM'LpHiKCKOM% 1najiaKii 38aHiMa8nC OIIaITb
B'b KoHCTHTyIiOHHOM'L IOMMTeTl, HO H83'% TOrO HH4qeOO He
Buhlllo, BCJIACTsBie pacnymenia OTOro peifxcpaTa H OKTpOupOBaHij
KOHCTHTy1in 4 MapTa 1849 r., KOTopaa, BnponeMt, aKTHqecKH
BTb ;H8Hb He BCTynHIla. C, T'XI nopI llaaagaifi BoaspamaeTca
Kab CBOIM', HCTOpHreCKiHM' CTyfiJIMT, OCo6eHHO Korpia npaBH-
TeJi CTBO ejBa He ipeAaano 6bio ero BoeHHOMy cyAy aa Hane-
qaTaHHyIO OCeHblO 1849 r. B- Nar. Novinach FaBJIHqKa CTaTbIO:
,O UeHTpaninaaIi n HnapOAHOI paBHonpaeBocTH B, ABCTpin".
Ja;ae BH cpeai' CBoMX1i Apysae, B' COCTaBt qemcKofl MaTHqMu,
IIajaagKif He BCTptmaJi% yaKe npea~Heif IIOAepKKKH, TaK'b 'TO
OH'b Bb]HyaAeH% 6uaL CJIO1H4Tb C% ce6S 8BaHie ceapeTaps qem-
cKaro Mysea H npeActIaTejaI KOMaTeTa no coopymHeilo qemcKaro
TeaTpa, KaKi% HA Tai;ejo TO eMy 6mjio.
Ca 1851 r. no 1860 r. IIanaulaKi IIOqTH BOBCe He aaHH-
MajICH HH IIOJIRTHIqeCKHMH, HH 06IIIeCTBeHHlMH JfJInaMH, WTO -
caaKty B CKo06Kaxb 6naronpiaTHO OTpa3sjiOC Ha ero pa6o-
Tax% no At aM%, KOTopbie blCTpo Tortia HOABHHYJIHCb ,O CMepTH
10pia IHojtl6pa: a H TaKHM% o6pa3 0oM Mor0lH 6lTb BnocjiACTBiH
AonejeHhI Ao 1526 r., T. e., no yTBepKALeHiH a B exin AnqacTiH
ra6c6yprosB.
B% 1859 r. OHn IOTepajJI% eHy. Ee OTqacTH saMwHHaa
eMy AOtI, BhlieAilaaH 83a Prepa, cb KOTOpbIM% IIaniaqIKifl no-




-- -'



28

ApymiKHcaf eme Ba 1848 r. 1n NMan BUnoccJI'cTBiH BT% IIOJIHOM'b
cornacia Ao cMepTH BT OAHOML AOMt.
B', KOHCTHrTyIiOHHunl nepiop, AscTpiifcKofi RCTOpin (1860 r.)
Haiauriif 6bIUn HMeHOBaH1 qeJHOM'L IIauaTbu ocInoA, H MrpaJin
BnAHuyo ponb aBs CetflM, a paBHO. Bs IpatcKOMro o61iqecTBr.
3a ()exepaJl1cTHqecKiH TeHAeHrnin Ha Hero CHJbHO HaiaaaaiH
HtMUJI, a aa CBH3bs C apHCTOKpaTaMH n KCeHA,3axH qellcKie
panHKaJbi.
HII3 co6uTifi AaJbHt#uieIt eEH3HH a1IaaqKiaro, He BOUleA~lmnx
aB ero aBTo6iorpao)iio, ynOMHHy eiIe o ero yqacTiH Ha MOCKOB-
CKOM, COaaBHHCKOMb C' $LA8 1867 r., rA o1 OHW urpanr1 po1b
naTpiapxa n opaTopa, Me;may upo'iHMM, npi npeACTaRBJeHin caa-
BHHHCKHIX' rocTeif rocyaapio Ba 1_apCKOM' Ceat, a aaTtM%, o
ero naccHBHORI IOnITHIKITe, Bhl3BaHHOfi AyaJiLSMOM% 1867 r. H
saT'M' [noAMnHeHieM% ABCTpo-BeHrpiH BHymeIHiaM' Ha8, BepjiMHa.
3TH BHymeHia COBepme~HHO unoIe6aJiH A0,lnoH' KOHeitq' ero Zmm14
ero Atpy Sb ABCTpili H Bs BOBMO;KHOCTbo paBHonpaBIOCTM el
HapOAOBs>.

II. Bb paHHeit CBOe1l MOJOAOCTH, KaRK CTyAeHT'b IIpec-
6yprcKaro Imqiea n IIOTOM% KaKr Hau HaIOmlift emciCKii JIHTe-
paTopr%, IIaiana it MHPoro 3aHiHMa~CiI HJIOHiocoiefi, ocoenHHo OCTe-
THqecKHM% eaI OTbTIOM'b. DTO cooTBtTCTBOBaJIo H ayxy TOro
BpeMeHH, KorAa [noi' BJisHHieMr E aHTa BL 8sanaAHoit EBpo]t sa-
poAHnJIob CTOJLb CHJIbHe ()HJoco(OCKOe AB1UHeHie, HaImelllee iml
ce6a OTronocOK%' H Bt HayKiax% HCTOPHiqecKMx' (repAep%,
B. PyM60oIbAr) H Bs- o6aacTH MCKyCCTBa (BHHKeJILMaHi IHJIM1-
nep,, IIIaereJl, pOMaHTHKH), H B% eCTeCTB03HanliH (]Ie nJHHr'b);
a BM'CTt OTBt1qaJIO H JIHHIhlIM% HaKJIOHHOCTIM'% MOJIOJOrO JIH4Te-
paTopa, KOTopU1I qyBCTBOBaji Ba, ce6h o60onIia CHMJIn H CKaar'
iojrni asa H x rbtecoo6paasaro upH1MnetHia. IIepBoe BpeMs
OHt% CKJIOHHIJICJI K' MhICJIH, ITO HnpHSBa1H' 6bLTb IJO1TOMb, HO
6oJI e BHHMaTeJILbHhblA aHa4IH8 CBOHX'% IIpoH8BeaeHiii, COCTaBJIeHHblf
inOA BJniiHieM rocloACTBOBaBsiuHxa Toria aH;lefl jiHTepaTypHOIR
KpHTaHKH, y6tA.I.% iOHAiaro rHcaTeJIH, tHTO, o6.Aaiaa CHJIbHhlM%'








29

IqyBCTBOMr, OH'C He HM'CeT oOAHaKO AOCTaTOMHO 6oraTo01 4)aHTa8iH,
KOTopaa, Me2RAy TIM%, CHnTaJlaCb Heo6xOAiHMOio AJI TBopqeCTBa
Ba H14aIHOi O6acTITH. TorAa OH% ptIUHJICI OCB'ITHTLT AJIJa Apy-
rP4X% Ty O6IaCTb, A[1 nHOsTOB% IP KPHTHKOB%, Bo006Ofe,
AJI CBOMHXb 'qeICKHX'% 3eMJIHfKOB%, Ha RShIKm KOTOpUIX' OHt
qyTb-JIH He CepBbe cTaJ% uHcaTb Bb 19 B. caMOCToaTea.LHhuJ
cowqHHeHiH 110 BopocaMr, Q4HJococKCAHML. TH4Mb pa6oTaM- no-
CBfIIAeo 6mio 6-7 atT, ero paHHei MOJIOAOCTH, KaK~E BHAHO
Ma'b coxpaHHBHmxcs Bs ceMbt IHIajaKaro ero BhnuHCOKb H 3a-
IICOK' s3a 1816--1821 r. (onHcaHHhbux 0. rOCTHHCKIHM' B'b
Pam. 367-390 CTp.). Ha13I% THIX BauniCOK' BHAnHO, HTO b%
panHie CBOH roAU IIanajKifl ycepaHo M8ayqa~J CTeTiMecKie
B3rJfAUhI ApeBHHX b rpeKOB'% H pHMJISH'L, a 3aT'IM% Bb HOBO
EBponI: HTaJI aHiueB%, PpaHnysOB%, aHmnllqaHn a HttMIeBrb,
CTapacb 1no BOSMOiKHOCTH npOBstpHTb HXt Ha nponsBeAeHliaxrb
BeJIHKHX% xyAlO0HHKOB'b, OCO6eHHO IIOTOB', BT' HaAeKJA'L BUbpa-
60TaTb BIIOCJI'tCTBiH C06CTBeHHyl) CHCTeMy OCTeTHKH, KaK'R HayKH
o iipeKpacHoM% H ero BspaameHiH Bbs npoHsBeAeHiax- HCCKyccTBa.
CyTb (jI0oco)CKa PO yqeHi IIajIajKaro BOO6Mie, a no 90Te-
TH K' B, qac8THOCTH (I0o M3BJIOneHiio IIeaHAepa qexa Bs Pam.
404 11 ca.) saaKinoqaeTca Bs c'atLoyuomeMub.
IIainaKiti He cornamaeTca C- KaHTOM%' B% ero InoJ1iOeHiH
(Kritik der Urtheilskraft), HTO KpacORBaa (T. e. yqeHie o upe-
KpacHOM'L) HeBO3MOKHa, TaK'6 KaKL-Ae (no RaHTy) ,,npeKpacHo
TO, HTO HpaBkiTCa 6e3s OTqeTJIiBarO 3HaHia, ~CJitOBaTeJ]bHO, H
KpHTHKa upeKpacHaro He MOKeT% 6AhlTb iinpeejeHa K% pas-
cyoqHUMr nIpHHUmHHaMb". H IIlajiarKifl AonlycKaeT%, ITO cyM~HOCTb
KpacoTL He MOmteTr 6bITb IIOCTIHHyTa MblCjiiO, HO InoiaraeT',
HTO He Ta CyIIMHOCTb AOLJInHa 6LITb UpeAMeTOM% KpacoB'EAhI, a
TOJIbKO 3aKOHOMIpHOCTL KpaCOTLb, nOAO6HO KaKrt Btb THKL
npeAMeTOMu nayeHnia cayamHTib 8aKOHOM'IbpHOTb Gio6pa. Ec~m
;-e cymlecTRyeTL 3aKOHOMtpHOCTL npeKpacHaro, cJltAOBaTeJIbHO,
3aKOHn KpaOTLu, TO BO3MOHa H H ayKa o06 DTHX% 8&aKOHax'
HJIH KpacOBL$ia. Koueieqio, OHa He MOMeT% Ae 6IlTb TaKOIO
HayKoiO, KaKt MaTeMaTHKa, I'At, BC'B iioJiomenia pa3aBIH3aOTCIe cL








30

BHyTpeHHeH Heo6xoAIMOCTbIO, HO BlRb nipaBAOIo Mom;e'rb 6hlTb
He TO TOJIbKO, HTO B.BtmiHBaeTCH H H8 MtpeTCe, a Hao6opoT%,
caMbua BamcHua upaBAhu qeJInosBecKon amtHBH He MOryTb 6rlTb
nepeseaeHnI Ha WMpy a mHCJI. TaRiHu o6pao30M, J tJlIO Kpaco-
BtAU aBIaJeTca MHcaJtAOBaHie 3apomAenia spaCOTU B'b qyBCTBL
H MUhCJI, ea cOOTHOmeHit ci CHJia~ c n yxa Boo6uIe H ea oTpa-
KeHiaH BO BH'bIHeM'b Mipt; a Aaate HscJIatosanie saKOHOBS
HcKyCCTBa, Bb MaCTHOCTH: I10no9i, MyshlKH, IHMBOInHCH H CKyJIbnTypu,
qTo6bI, TaKHMb o6paaoM'b, OTKpUTb Hn (jHOCo0y H xy,!tOaHMKy
BOBMO2KHOCTb noIHHMaHi TOIO, noieMy AaHHbIe IpeaMeTbi upe-
KpacHhU HJI HenpeKpaCb H noH iey OHH a1160 Bo06y;aIoT'b
BOCTopr Bs~ Ha6IIOAaTejit, JIH6o Hao06pOTb, BIS8lBaIOTrb OT-
BpaineHie K ce6t.
MeTOA' aToft HayKH, 13yqaioUmeft OLHO 13'b npollBJieHit
3aKOHOMtpHOCTH Ayxa, MOiKeTb 6bh Tb IIajiaIKoy JYiImub IICIXO-
JIorAqecKif, npHTOML He aMunpwuecKif, a painioHaJ:bHo Wni cneKy-
JITHBHO-nCHxoJorPH qecKif.
OCHOBHIM%' noJIOmIeHieM'b BCTeTHKH IIaaiaWKaro IBJIHeTCH TO,
HTO KpacoTa ecTb HAee, T. e., Hi TO oco6oe, cymIeCTBeHHOe H
caMOCTorTeJIbHoe Bb iyxt qeJIosBKa, HTO OH H 4qyBCTByeTCa lie
T'jioMb, a yxoMM%, o6paaya oco6bift Kpyrb AyXOBHHbX' aIBjeHit,
InpHqeM'b npeKpacHuie npeAMeTbI HM'IOT'b oco6aro poaa aaKOHo-
M'pHOCTb H B' Mipt BHtIUHeM-b.
,Jyxt IIHaiarKif npoTHsonoaaraeTb cL OAHO CTOponHJ npH-
poA', KaK' cy6'eKTB e obeKTHBH 06 OMy, cb Apyrof me-Bory,
KOTOpuhft B'b HCTOMb C08HoHHiH qejiOBtKa HBJSeTcH-Ae TaKOIO ame
AyxoBHOIO Heo6XOAHMOCTbIO, KaK-b H 6uTie Mipa Boo6mie. Pea.IbHoe
OTHomieHie Ayxa K~ Bory H Kb IIpUpoAt aejeHTT BHt rpaHa,'b
nosHaHia: OHO MomieT% 6bhTb Jnulb upeAMeTOM'b BpoBania; HO
3aKOHOMtpHOCTb, CI KOTOpOt BhbpamameTCa BsaHMOAfltCTBie 3THX'b
Tpex'b [npHHIuHInosb, aocTyiHa-Ae HameMy H3CJItAOBaHilO H OHa-TO
cocTaBJIaeTr. riaBHluf npea.eT'b qenoB~qsecaro noaHaHia.
BaaHMoA'tIcTBie pasalnuxbH nplHHInnAHOB' BpamaaeTc Bb
HX% cTpeMJeHin BaauMHo Apyrr apyra onpeAjHT HJan o6y-
CJIOBiTb. B'b 8eMHOf aMe aIH3H qeJIOBIKa raJIBHOhi aaaaqeif









31

iipeAcTasBJIeTCc TO, 'To6I yTBepAHTb IIPMIHHiAm' jyxa BL 60pb6t
CL npHpoAOIO, noaqiHHnHB pa3Hoo6pasie BcejeHHO ejIHHCTBy Ayxa.
Ta CTopoHa Ayxa, BT KOTopofl OH' caM% BipaamaeTrc, KaKb
caiOCTOIfTejbHa~ CcJIa, IIPOIBJineTCS B'b MbCJIIH; Ta me CTOpOHa,
B' KOTOPOf OH% COupHKaCaeTCI C'b BH-ImHHM'b MipoMs, Iupo-
aBJsieTa sB' qyBCTB'b. B% 3aBCICHMOCTI4 e OT'b TOPO, Bbpa-
zaeTCf-JIH MuICJb, aKa cijia, nocTraiomiaa BHInuHift Mip', aMn
KaK'b cnia, onpeAtiJJiaoi aa nocI'AHif MuI31b upoHBJiaeTCH TO
KaKi no3HaHie, TO KaK'b BOJII.
CpeAOToqieM% Bcei aymIeBHOft J HH IIai anagKi C~H4RTaeTh
qyBCTBO, KaK'b LepBHMsHb au eMeHTb tyxa m KaKh-6ub (oKyc'b,
H.3% KOToparo BuxoaiTa lyqH ero it~TeJhHOcTH MH B'b KOTOpoM'b
OHH BHOBb TepHEOTCH. yIyBCTBO Ipem~ e Bcero yOCTOBTopteTer
Ha B Hc a i Hamemu 6bTi, CaMopOHP3BOJIbHOCTI, JIHIqHOCTH; B'
HeM'b ocHOBa y6itmKeHirt, He Tpe6yiOumx%, AoKasaTejbCTBa, no
onepemaioiWA4Ux BCHKyIo apryMeHTagiio. 3TO caMbui CTBOJI
namero 6ITiq. HML% Je InCTHraeMn Mm peaJlbHOCTL Mipa
o6rbeKTHBHaro. OTO HCTOqHHK, B cef Hamefl AyXOBHOR I,'tSTe6b-
HOCTH H KaIKr 6bi MalTHMK Bcero Hiamero cylUeCTBa. B%
sqyCTB' coxpaBHsoOTCHS BC' BHtI IHiH BHeqaTJiHia, unpmeMwM onH
8aaKyTbBalOTCaf TaM% B'b o60iaKo TaHHCTBeHIOCTH I H Aeif, meiaHift
H BOJIH, qTO6bI 8aTtM% HpfpOBHTbCH Ba B eHAt HOHflTili; Br' HeM'L
M;e 3ajioeeHuI HCKPpu BCKaro noaHanil, HaAemAiAh Btpu, XOTH
3HaqH4TeJbHaI qacTb 8THX% HCKp' He BOS3aHraTCH B'r BHAHMOO
nJIaMH.
B'L qeMb mKe oco6eHHO iBupamiaeTce B'L Ayxt qenaoBtKa
HCKpa 60oMeCTBa, HCTOMHHK% ero CaMOCTORTeJibHOft CHJII H AJlTeJIb-
HOCTH? 3apoPAuItenM'L aTO HCKpua 6oaecTBa sBJJaIOTCH-Ae Haiun
cTpeMjeHma, a ea npoaBjieHieM-' Haim HAeH.
noc$atHeif me q'tJIIO KiHHH upeACTaBJaeTCa no 0a JiaRKOMy
60oKeCTBeHHOCT6, KaK% COBOKyfIHOCTL BC'sX' KOHeT9HIlXL% Ijief
;R3HHH, KaKwb upHn6jHaeHie w cocToHHio 6oronofo6HoMy. KorAa
roBopHTca, qTO gtb qenosjB'tKa 6blTh COBepimeHHH1% 'LeJIOB'KOM%,
a C' Apyroif C OH, TOPOHl, TO ero I$I' bITb 60oeCTBeHHIMr,, TO
Ba% TOM% Ht'T'b IIpOTHBop'hlia, 160 qenOB'tK'L eCTE o6pa3rb 6oifit,




C\ *




32

npn3BaHHHfl BUhpa3aLTb 8sajiOH;eHHUba B' HeM' CTOPOHU yxa B%
a6cojiOTHOM' coBepmueHcTBT, T. e. AOCTHPHyTb a6COJIOTH'Ho0 CBO-
6o0A, a6co. OTHOf npaBArJ, a6coJroTHaro Ao6pa n a6coniOTHOma
KpacoTU.
{tM% me oco6eHHO OTaHiqaeTCH HJaeI KpacoTb OT 1, H(en
HCTHHM H AO6pa? Hxa OTHOuieHieM' K% CB 0 J01r'. B'% CaMOMTh
JIit, ecIa B3arJIHyTE Ha 6opL6y jiyxa c% npipoaolo, no nyTH
Ka TopmteCTBy nepBarP Hab BTOpOIO, TO HeJiLSb He ,IaMtTHTb,
HTO Ba% TOf 60ph6t' MhlCJIb M BOJIS pyIOBOASTCaS CTpOrHMIH KaTe-
ropiaMH pasyMa, B KOTOPLIX', H'T' HHRqeOO ImaTHai'o H nposBOnLb-
Haro, a oAHa ;eJI'el3Haf Heo6xoIAHMOCTL, IIO0o6HaHI TOA, KOTOpaa
onpeA;tjeT'b MHS3Hb npHPpobl. DTHm1 nyTeM'b AOCTHraeTca poCTO ,
Ayxa B'b 0o6AaCT HECTHHaI 14 Ao6pa, HayKH I cnpaBe;tnBOCTH.

Ho 6hIBaIOT% MOMeHTH, Ko'rxa Ayx% H inpipoAa He Haxo-
JIHTCH B% 6opb6 HO KaK' 6uB yAepnHIBalOOTCa Ba paBHOBtCin:
TorAa B03HHKaeTh 6o0JIe CBo60OHoe lponaenie Hi, HH, ocHOaaHHoe
Ha HrppBO M 4 caMOIJILbHOfI rapMoHiM CHJIl, ratI HH paayM'b le
laBHT% CTPOroCThIO CBOMHX' 3aKOHOBb, HH MaTepiaJbHOCTL -
CentnoTOlO CBOnXI nOpblsOB%, HO o6a IOAqIHHIIOTCH HOBOMy
ynpajieHiro, HOBOMy eAMHCTBy.
KoHeqHoIO ;6e h'bJIL[O 3TOPO CBOGOAHaro OTHOIueHiSi ayxa KH
MaTepin, XOTlH OHO He ,aeT'T HH 3HaHiii, HH Ato6poj'bTehrei, Bee
;Ke 13BJi1eTC0 60ieCTBeHHOCTb. HO Ta 6o0ecTBeHHOCTh KacaeTCH
JIMUmb ()OPMbI MJH cocoa npoHrnieHii 6o0ecTBeHHOft ClMb]h, Bce-
BtnI;aii, BcecnpaBeaJIHBOCTH. CTpeMJeHie KH KpaCOTt eCTI,, CI.'aO-
SBaTejHO, CTpeMJenie K' Ha6jTOAeHi[O MJH H3o6pameHi[h B' (jOpMt
60oecTBeHHaro, a CJIl;OB., H COBepmeHHO-qeJIOBI',ecKaro. ROCTH-
raeTCa me 8Ta Iilab TOPAa, KOrg'a qyBCTBO, KaK%' Bblpas3HTeJ
cy6%e'KTHBHarO, IH (a)HTa iH, KaK' BhIpa3HTeJb 06'IeI'KTHBHaro,
coeAHHilOTCH uJR o6iUefi pa6oTA, r Xi yame H'T'L HH 60pb6hu, H1
IIOCTOpoHHIIX% iL'hleil, a napCTByeT'b cBoOoAa n Bbcimlaa rap-
MOHiaI. PeayJibTaTOMb aTOl CB060AHOfl A' BaTeJHOCTH yxa fnaBIeTCH
upeKpacHoe, NAe0 KOTOparo COOTBRTCTByeT% (jopMt 6KomecTBeHuaro.
COBM'W'CTHBIMM CHJIaMH qyBCTBa H JaHTai8i qeie3B'tLKi co0AaeT'b-Ae


- I









33

ce6f HOBU6f Mipb, rAfh B'eTb TBOpqecKaS CBo6oJa, HCKpeHHOCTb,
upenecTb n 6J1aropOACTBo.
BO3MO;KHOCTb CTOJlb TtCHarO H rapMOHHqeCKaro BBaHMO-
A'IfICTBiH Ayxa H MaTepiH Brb xy~?OmecTBeHHOM% TBopqeCTBt HIa-
aaKia 0 o06%rcHfeT% T'M'L, qTO Mip' BHyTpeHHiI H BHtumHif
lBJInaOTCH KaKb,-6ib AByMIf OIH4HaKOBO HaCTpOeHHhMMH MySUKaJIlbHblMH
HHCTpyMeHTaMH: KOrIAa OAHHb' H13B HHX', 8asByqCIHT, Apyroif OT-
KJrHKaeTIc. a H Bra caMMO upHpott saMtTHa-Ae H3BICTHaa
CHMMeTpif, KOTOpa I HaxoAHTCfl B% C00THOmeHiH C% qyBCTBOM%
rapMoHiH n KpaCOTr1. EC.IH BTe 6opi6r tyxa H MaTepil no6tlIa
cy~aeHa nepBOMy, TO M saKOHbi npOHRBeHift nepBaro oaomKH
ObITb coBepmIIeHHte, 'tiM%' nIOCJtlIHeif. [IoTOMy-TO 1 MoKeTr%
Jtyxb ycosepmeHCTBOBaTh (30pMbi BHitmHef nptpolu 6 srBpa-
6oTaTb H3' HHiX'b coBepuleHH'hliinie o6pas3 CBoero co06TBeHHaro
cylUecTBa HAT HaeajbI, B'b KOTOpuxb H BUpamaieTca 60o;ecTBeH-
HOCTb, o6ieKTHBHpoBaHHaa (HaHTa3iet.
HpHaBaHie xyALoKHHKa BOnIJomaTb HMieaJIj qejiOBI'Ka, HO
nyTeM b He aoruHecKOft a6cTpaKgiN, a BOame6HORI ypraAKf reHiSa.
loTOMy TO TaKan cHa Bceraa 6yAeTrb oco6iuMwb 6odiaH L apoMn
MJI nopuo1BOM% Ayxa qeJaoBtqecKaro, HanpaBJIeHHlIM% K% 6o0me-
CTBeHHOMy. STiHM% 0o6'%CHIeTCHI o6llneqeaoB'eecKaa a1o060B KiC
llpOH43eeieHifiM'rb lHCTarO HCKyCCTBa H B8b361BaeMbihf MH 9HTy3ia83Ma
B7i ayqMIUX'% ripeacTalBTeaHXb qcHCTOff qeJIOBsqHOCTH.
He ocTaHaRJIHBa.fch noApo6Ht'e Ha pasBHTiH BT4HXb OCHOBHblX%
BaaPJsnOB'b aCTPTTHKH IIaaaqKaro BT' ero CTaTbLX% o pOAax% n
BHAaxb npeKpacHaro, OTM'Iqy, qTO Boo6lle .CTeTHKa sTa ocTajacb
HeS aKOHqeHHOIO, noweMy 1H oLtHKa ea o6umaro HMJIocoPOcKaro 8Ha-
meHi npeAcTasaueTCa AOBOabHO TpyAHOH). MO;KHO TOIbKO CKasaTb
Boo6ile, WTO OHa IlpeACTaBJISIeT'b AasJIbHrftee paaBITie HLAet
KaHTa, nepepa6oTaHHbl x II OAT BaiaHieMrb, PaanBHlMb o6pao0ML,
rInaTOHa H aHrPfiicCKHX' HHTeJIJeKTyaJIHCTOBb. npHAep~KHaaca
cy6'LeKTHBHLIX% OCHOBaHif IIpeKpacHarO, OH'I JIMIUL oe-rPJi' Ka-
caJICH 06%eKTHBHHbIX ero upOBSaeHiIl B1, upupoat 1n MKHHH, Ha
HTO BfIOCJIaJACTBiH CTaB~ 6o 'e HanlHpaTL aCTreTHKH OMIIHpHCTbl
(DIexHep MN Ap.)








34

Ho 3HaqeHie KpacoBtBj~ IHajiairKaro He HCiepnbBaeTca es
cooTHomneHias M K' RIaHTy H lIIlunepy, HJI Kr IIjiaTOHy n
BSKOHy. CnJI yeT' OTM'rTHTb, HTO 9TO 6blJo nepsoe caMo-
CTOaTeJ bHOe ( njiococKoe co0HHeHie Ha HOBOqemcKOM' H3hlK'h.
IaJauKOMy IlpuIMocb BnepBbe paspa60TaTb-H oCeH, yAarHO-
BCIK) (HJcojPCKy)O TepuMHOJorilO OToro as3Ka, KOTOpas B% 3Ha-
qYTeJIbHot Mrppt yjepKaJiacb L n3oaBb IH'mfllx qeimcKHX% CoiH-
HeHiaxI% DTOi 0o6jacTH. IIaJiarKif BblcKafIbBaJ1'L Ae B'h, OAHOM'
M3a H uiCeML K-I Kojuapy MH'Hie, MTO ,,Cj2aBjHe AOJIHULI MbICJIHTL,
POBOpHTb H 1X'cRiCTBOBaTb IIO- CJIaBHHCKH, OT6pOCMB'b H'hMeUKie
6yKBapH"; HO B'Lb eMnu HMeHHO Bbpas3taci b cJIaancHcKat HapoA-
HOCTb B% 9TOIR SCTeTHK't KpoM'It H8Ka CKasaTb TpyAHO.
MomeTn 6OuTL B1' cepAeqHOMr ero CTpeMjenie Kb 60oecTBeHHOMy?
B 0s AOBtpiH Kh% BbicIiHM'b cy1teCTBaM 11I HaAemaM'b? Bn, CTpeM-
jneHi nPIMHpHTh IlMaTOHa H BaKoHa? IOMa i IKaHTa? Bo
BCIaOM'b cjiyqa't IIajiaqKit BhHeC6% 113% STHX% 3aHHTiti He TOJILKO
mppoKoe IHTepaTypHoe H Boo6Mie xyAOMKecTweHHoe o6pasoBaHie,
HO H HaBihK% CTporo KpHTHqecKH AyMaTb H Bn pawKaTbca, a
BM'CTr CTpeMHTbChI Kr 3epHy flBeHifi, mCKaTE BECHllHXt MAet H
HayqHbIX% o6o6rmeHift BS Apo6Hn1ixr SslBeHiJx, JHqlHO$ii 1 HCTO-
pHqecKOFt H83HH. Bce DTO OieHb HupHroAHJocb eMy rOTOMo ,
Korpa npHmuocb OTI 9TN4X% o6uIHXr (4HJIOCO(C0KHX' BOllpoCOB'
nepeATH K% HBJeHiHb qiem1CKOR coBpeMeHHoCTH, KI Bonpocami,
ef KH3HH I sI8hqHOII HH HayqHOf, IlOJIHTHqeCKORl 0H o6leCTBeHHOIf,
a HaKoHeelH yrjiy6HTbCH Ba ea npomjioe A CTaTh HCTOpiorpagiOMu'
CBoero HapoAa.

III. 1no OTHoumeHilo KL emcllCKOMy 1aa3Ky pOJIb laijaUKaro
6hlia H'IcKOJILKO HaJIOrPHHa TO#, KaKylo B% PocciH curpairL
KapaM3HHr, Cr KOTOPhlM% 0 B0ooe y IIaJaiKaro UmteTCI MHOPO
aHajzoriB, KOHeqHO, mutatis mutandis.
Koraa laJianKiR l[p16bJJIl Br, IIpary B 1823 r., B3
Mexin menai o0ecToqeHHbnlf cnop%, up1BepIateHnesB cTapIHHaro
lemlcKaro UlKa, pasBaHBuaroca B'a ryCHTCKia H FlpoTeCTaHTCKifI
nepioAl H saKp'fn.IeHHaro nBb KOHiiL 16 B. KpaJIHKofo 6a6.iieii




,..-.s.".y/^ ..- "i., : -.-. '*, f'. ,'? ; ; "- -. -,* : -' V.., '




35

(1579-1593 r.), a aaTtM'b B'r 17 B. neAarorHqecKHMH H
naHcoXqecuKHMH COIHHeHiaMH AMoca RoMeHcKa'o, Cr O.JHOfi
CTopOHb, a HOKJIOHHHKaMH HOBo0emitcKaro 3IKaII H o6paoBaHia -
Ce% Apyrofi. Bo rJaBut nepBaro nJIH qemcKo-KJiaccnqecKaro Ha-
npaBaeHiH CTOIJI% IeucKift IHIIIKOBrb HetAJiulf; BO rJlaB' Ke
BToporo Hun MoaepHR.sy3oilao 3HaMeHHThlft emdcKi JIaeKCHKorpafr
H HCTOpHK'- JIHTepaTypu Iocum'1 IOHrMaH% (MjIiaAeHrJ). KI
Iloc.IAAHey npHMMlKa& B O BonpocaxL npaBoiHcaHia H npocolin
Io6poBCKiif. KI Hi4MM me He TOAhKO 110 J1HrHOt Apym6t, HO H
no CTpeMJneHiqM% K'% ajZHiiHtieMy ABHenHim 0 B'L o6iiaCTH AahIHO-
JITepaTypHoI, npHMKHyj'b H IIaJaaIKidt. 0TO HMoHO BaKHoe
sHaqeHie, H60 IIaJiaBKiA KaK% HS.38TeJIL Iaconlca qeimcKaro
Myaea, a BnOCJaIACTBiH, KaK qemUcKif HOCTOpiorpa)rb, KaK'b CaMMbl
BjiiaTeJibHHfit emcKifi yqeHHHlt Haare IIOJIHTHK%', BaHHlJ'b H AOIro
yAepmHBajnI IjeHTpajibHoe MtCTO %B pH;iy 'e1iCKHax% HHncaTeenet.
KpoMt Toro nO CBoeMy, XOTH TBepAOMY H HenpeKJlOHHOMy, HO
BM'ICT'I C% T'aMM npiHMHpTeAbHOMy HanpaBneHiIO M pt iOMy
TaKTy BO BC'X% b mHTefcKHXI OTHOIIeHiHxI laJIaiKiit cPJmEiH-
BaJ'b KOHTpaCThJ H KpaAlHOCTH o0oHIX% HaupaBjeHilt apxal3ylo-
Hiaro H HOBaTopCKarO, HPHBOAH HMX K' Mtp' H KO Ba8HMHOMy
c6JIweHito. Bjaroaapa OTOMy Ba% eUICKOM%' JIHTepaTypHOM%
8.3IKt, KaK OH' yCTaHOBH1ICa nOCJit 1OBOJIbHO npoAOJKHtTe;IbHOf
60pb6lu STHXTX% ,ByX' HanpaBJjeHfi, 3aKOHqeHHOIf K% KOHUy
TpHiAaTuiX% roaOBs%, He npoji.soIIIo CTOj ptSKaro paspuBa c'b
H3blKOM% IIITTHaro, Fyca, XeJlbMqHKaro, BeJiecJIaBHHu, KOMeH-
cKaro, RKaK Haup. BTO ciyqHiOCb BI_ % s11Kh HOBocep6cKOM% no
cpaBHeHilo C0 aH3blKOM cjiaBHHO cep6cKHM% H i Aae aaJIMaTHH-
CKMu%, 6iuaroIAapia stIShHOMy paiHKaji 3y ByKa KapaAaHqa. Ho
BMsCT' C0% TM% r JHTepaTypHUll 3bl6K'% HOBOqelICKift uiO', nepoH M
IIajiaKKaro H ero nHocJtLoBaTeJIef AocTaTOTIHO C6j&H3HCj I H C%
HOBO'IeIICKRHM'b upocTpotieM%, cntAOBaTeJIbHO, ocBtMaHiCH B'a
CBoenM% coCTaBt H CTpot H CTajn% 6oJIae nparoleH% Kh% Bupa-
tmeHim TXb HAefl, KOTOpuaN He 6ulan JH 3BTHul BO BpeMeHa Ao
BtaoropcKoft 6HTBI H COCTaBJIBHOT' xapaKTepHcTHKy HOBOeBpo-
ueficKOIt KyALTypHOR mfH3HH. XapaKTepHO Aimi IaJiianuKaro ero









cTpeMjeHie coBepmleHHO Hi36braTb HHOSI8bIqHbIX' TepMHHOBh,
qTo6bI 8Toro poia IlpAHM'CaMH He 8aTpyAHaTb pacupocTpaHeHie
qeIIICKHX'h KHHPI'h MemaLy HapoAHUMH MaccaMH, KOTOpHfI UpePCTOaJIO
HpaHBnAeb K OTOR JlHTepaTypt H KyJIbTypb. 11OA06HO CBOHM'L
Apy3bflMa IOHrMaHy, IU[aapHKy, qeJIIKOBCKOMy H AJpyrHM% KO-
pneasMi 8DTOI JIHTepaTypHOi I mKOJIn, IIajnaqKitt 6HJaI' CTporit
IIypFCT%' Bl JIeCHAKOH'h, HnpHeMb MOmHO IlOIaJI'TIb JIHILb 0 TOM%,
qTO npH BHpa6OTKt HOBbIX% TepMHHOBI JIUH1 HayqHIUX b M BOO6Ie
OTsJIeqeHHIX'b nlOHaTif, HTH iHecKie nypHCTu BOBce He OCIIOJIL-
0BanHCL 6OraTblM'b TepM1HOJor4uqeCKHM', HacjilAieM'% ashlua iep-
KOBHO-CJIaBHHCKa'O, KOTOpoe onpeltJIHIo JIeKCIHKaJILHhIfl COCTaBb
COOTBtTCTBHyOintel o6nJaCTH Ba, pyCCKOM JI1HTepaTypHOMAb 36bK'I.
IIaiaqIKOMy me npHHajajieMHT' saciyra pacnpocTpaHeHia
qemucKaro ablKa Mee;tly qenmcKoMopacaKof IimxToITO, KoTopaa no
TOro 6blJIa CHJIbHO OHbMe9qeHa OTTqy;ieHa OTr, HaponHofl p'iqi.
IHpH HeM'b Me H 6iiaroapa eMy 6wih p'LueHw, BOlIIOC% 0
el HCTB'h aJTepaTypHaro Kh3bIKa Anj BCLX% CJIaBSIHCKHX' POBO-
poBH He TOJIbKO IexiH, HO H MopaBim, rat 6u Hi AiaieRTOJIorn,
pacnooJioeHHjee wK rnepecTpoIVlI q(emcHaro sa3Kua 0no oHOBaM'L
MopaBcKo-BajaulcKaro HMnH Ilpyroro Hapt'qi, KaKI 60oite iIepio-
6riTHaro HJH opraHnAecKaro, qtuM'b roBop, npamcKui. IIazrauKif
InoaasaJn B11 o(qeHb 8aMtTqaTeJIHOfl CTaTb$ IO TOMy Bonpocy
(BI, CCM. 1832 r.), MTO qemcKiif JITepaTypHblf Rs3bK'I He
co3;aaeTca Teulepb, a coxpaHHeTCa OT'L BpeMeHm. qercIcKo rocy-
AapCTBeHHOf H HapoAHOfl He8aBICHMOCTH; qTO OH% CJIOiHI4JICI Ha
lnoqBt' CTOJlTHaro rpam;CKaro roBopa no TM'% KCe IIpHqwiHaMb,
110 KOTOpbUMb TO CJIYqHJIOCb C'b JIOHAOHCKHMb rOBOpOMn% B
AurJiin, napm1CKHM% BO (DpaHqiH, KacTHJIbCKHM'b B' HIiaHiH,
(JiopeHTAHCKIrM' BT HTaJin, BepxHeCaKCOHCKHM' B' repvaHiH;
qTO XOTH MaTepia jiHTepaTypHbixb H3sUKOB% MtHIReTCI Henpe-
puBHO, HO 00pMa 1HX Kb H3BUCTHOMy BpeMeHH yCTaHOB.JleTCHI
(Hanp.: BO paHqnyacKOM'b aHuK't CO BpeMenm JIro0AonKa XIV,
Ba HTaJibHHCKOM', -- c% XVI B. HJIH MeAHieiCKOl 8nOXH, B%
aHrPiiflCKOM% -- C% SOXH KOPOJleBbl AHHIm, B% HeMeqKOM' --
c% nepBOt IIOJIOBHIII 18 B.); ITO B'a qeiICKOM1i alb3]K'I; KaHOHL








37

)OpMb' ybCTaHOBHJICS Cb XVI B., HTO HTH ()OpMbl .JablKa B'b CBH8H
C'b IHTepaTypoi) aBJIIaOTCH KaK'r 6uh naIiajHiyMOMr HapoAHaro
6ITa. He OiHH MopasaHe N CJIfBaKH, HO H pasJnqHH e qemcKie
roBophI AOJiMKHbu-e ~JaTab nozio6Hua MepTBHI Ha aITapt DToro
o6iiaro KaHOHa, KOTOparo OCHOBHUM'b IIaMHTHHKOM'L BIieHOTCH
IpHTOM'b IaMHTHHKI MopaBcKif, a He 9qeucKiit, HMeHHO, KpauHIUKaa
66jiia. IIOaTOMy aaJHtfmie CHopI sqexoBb, H MopaBaHrb o
Ha3IKht [OIfKHbl CIH4TaTLCH noTepero BpeMeHH H CHJl'., npHHocsIHUMH
noJWay TOJIbKO HXr HeapyraM'b.
Ha MopaBt BTOTL roaocrb MopaBaHHHa BOCTOpm)eCTBOBaJIo .
Ho Ha CJIOBaHHH, BCt ycHMia laiaqKaro (B0 Hlasy o Protieebe
jednoty spisovndho jazyka pro Cechy, Moravany a Slovaky 1846)
oKIaajIHob 6eaycnu]iHUMHM, H OTTyyAa l3blK'b 'qemcKMopaBcKit
6l UJn BLTTtCHeHr CJIOBauIKHMT HJIH T. Ha3tIB. 6epHOJiaqHHOt. Ho
3TO coBepmIIHJocLb f1Ob BJI5aHieM' 6onjte mnpoKHX' BarJIHOB'L
Ha saaaHH o6mIecjIaBeHcKaro jRTepaTypHaro afiba, B's pa3BHTiX
KOTopuIXr IIaJiaIlKif He npHHHMaJ i ASHTejnHaro y"acTia, Heo6-
xoaHMocTh KoToparo OHt' OTqaCTH jIa2Ke OTpHganaj: BTO 6Euo
oAHOIO HBb rPiaBHblX nI pHqHH% i Ht HKOTOpux% Apyrx'b paao-
qapoBaaitf IIajaqKaro, o KOTOppux' 6yAeTr cKa8aHO HHKe.

IV. KorAa IlaJaUKidf BbICTyna n Brb 1825 H cjiel. roAaxr
Ha none qemcKofi HMTOpiorpaWiH, CTeneHL ea npealym Iefit o6pa-
6oTKI npIb6HHTenIbHO COOTBhTCTBOBaJIa TOf, Ha KaKoi HaxO-
A Hac pyccKas HCTOpia nup BIcTynneHitH KapaM3HHa. 1y6HqKa
HpH6jInm8TenIbHo COOTBtTCTBOBaJ'a TaTHmeBy, Ilejailab-IIep6a-
ToBy, lo6Hepi BOJUTHHy, JI06pOBCKiif BocTOKOBy, KpyWKOKR
rp. IITepepH6epa KpyKey rp. PyaHineBa. 14 aHaqeHie HCTO-
pHqecKHNX TpyAoB'b IIaiiaiKaro, OCO6eHHO ero )l'HHi, B IexiH
He TOJIbKO He ycTynaeTr sHaieEilo in Poccia HCTOpiH IapaM-
3HHa, HO, HOHEaJyfI, eme npeBumaeTnb, noTOMy 'TO B'b iexiH
HCTopia HM'teT'L 6oae cOOTHOmelHif C'L IIOIHTHKORf, C' nIpaBoM'b
H Boo6mie c' cOBpeMeHHOCTilo, 'MIM Br, PocciH.
IIoAo6HO KapaMeHHy Bs PocciH, IaJIaalKift B 9exil BnepBae
papa6oTajin ecjn He Ao AHa, TO B e We B. HaqiTeJlbHOf








38

Mpt, a rJtaBHoe, CTporOKpHTHqecKHM MeTO;(OM Bama t#Ht ie
apxHBHhie MaTepiaJau, T. e., KaKb JIITOHHCH HJIH XPOHHKH, TaKm
m rpaMOThI, 8eMcKil AwCKH, aKThl IIOIHTHIecKie, cyAe6Hue,
uepKOBHhIe H T. j. 8HaqHTeIHaI qaCTb DTHX% archivaria 6Eiia
H HaanHa BnepBLIe CTporoHayqHlMub o6paaoM% IIaJianujKHM Bra
,,ApxHiB qeIIICKOMir". OH'L Ke BfepBue paapa6oTan j B'Ib eTajIHax'
AlpeBHe-qemcKylo Tonorpa()iro (CM. Popis kral. Cesk6ho). HaKo-
HeLVq, OHL npelcTaBHj s B a parMaTHqecKMr H43ioMaeHiH Dejiny
nAroda 6eskdho- v iechach a v Morave ci ApeBHi'IlHIx% BpeMeH%
\Ao 1526 r. (Ba 5 TOMax-' 11 Bun.), T. e., aa Beca nepioA%
CaMocToaTejnHoft qemcKof HCTOpin, Jo coeJIHeHia cYi Fa6c6yp-
raMH. B.Ri CaMOR Ba2MHOf'i o Bce~ipHOHCTopBqecIOM' OTHomIeHin
9nOXH, HMeHHO, J.am ryca H rycHTCTBa HMteTCc HICKOJlbKO cHie-
ilianlbHbix pa6oTr, IIajailKaro (Documenta illustrantia vitam
J. Hus; Zur bohmischen Geschichtsschreibung i Ap.). IKpoMI TorO
HM', HI8aHO MHO;KeCTBO MeJIKHXIl HCTOpaHecKHXI CTaTeir
{8eCJI$LOBaHit, KOTOpuaM CO6paHlb 6UJIb HM' % BT TpeXTOMHOM%
c6opHHKt Radhogt. Bi Pamatnik't 1898 r. HaxOALTCH lqJIblft
pHA'b CTaTeft, o6'LcHrIOimHxi xo 0;It HCTopHIecKHxi pa6oTrb Ia-
jiajKaro H HayqHOe HXi 3HaqeHie. jJIIa HamiaX'b tieft oco-
6eHHo HHTepecHa CTaTLH IocH4a RajioyceKa o pyKOBoa~a1HXa
MhICJIaxS B'L HCTOpnqeCKOM% Tpyjlt IlanaiaKaro. BocnoaBsyeMca
co6paHHhIMH B'b Heift aHHbiMH Zlu xapaKTepHCTHKH IIJlaialKaro,
KaKi) HCTOpHKa.
B'b CBO4HX AIbAHaxa IIaliaLKia f iHBjiHeTCH He TOJILKO KpH-
THIIeCKIHMr yqeHHlaM H 0o6)eKTHBHhlM1 HSCJIfllIOBaTeeML, HO M
HJIocoOOMb, BhlaCHa1IOIHM% 3HaqeHie TO OTArJILHblXr (aKTOBfb,
TO JIHHOCTert, TO LtJIIXI EnIOXa, BMACTe CT TIMI nuaTpiOTOM'L,
KOTOpuhf UPHHHMaeTrb K'i cepauy co6 lTiH HapoIHaro upomluaro,
qepuaa Hai HIXI H Brbpy Bai 6yAyumee, H noyqeHia, BMTeKaIOu]ia
H3ai nOABIrOBb H OIIIH6OK') npoLmaaro AJI i a~'LICTByOILHX'Lb HLIHI
Ha TOf hme HHBt IIOKOJItHif. BhlyqHjICHa lajiauiKift 8TOr HBHIO-
co~CKO-MopajayioiIyef MaHept icTopiorpa)iH raJIaBHUIM' 0o6pa3OMri
y aHrJniAcKHx T HiCTOPHKORaB BoaiHr6poKa (t 1751 r.), Ba]pa
(Bleure t 1800 r.), Po6epTCOHa (t 1793 r.), miBeftapia lor.








39

Mroanepa (t 1809 r.) H HfMeUKaro HCTOpHKa reHpHxa JRloeHa
(t 1847 r.), OTiacTH TaI e y repaepa, ra66oHa H, MomKeTr
6uTb, y KapaM8HHa, KOToparo OH6 Hmsyqa-JI eme BT BesrpiH.
'TO me KacaeTCH Toro (4HjOCO(jCKaro Mipocosepianisa, InoJ,
yrPJoOM KOToparo OH'W OItHHBaJi ()aKThU qeliJcKOoft CTOpHqecKofR
mH8HH, TO OHO yme HICKOILKO HaM 8HaKOMO HE1a npeiuajymiaro
oqepKa OCHOB9 ero ,,KpacoBtAMa". XOTa mipocosepaaHie oTO
HrCKJILbKO CMaxHBa~IO Ha cHJIOCO[CKil TeHBM'% He BnHOIHA
coBnaaaIo C' TeH3MOM% xpHcTiaHcKHM'a, OlIHaKO B'% CBOHX%
JILHHaX% IIaiaNKit flBIHaeTCHf HCKpeHHHM% IIORIOHHHKOM'b XpHC-
TiancKoft nepKBH, CqHTaa eI yqeHie caMIM% qnICTbIMa, BOB-
BuIIImeHHIUM H cOBepLUeHHhIM, BIIOJIH yOBjeTBOpIIOHM' pe-
aHriOBHbIM% HIOTpe6HOCTHM'b qejOBtqeCTBa Ha BCtXL CTyneHIX%
ero paBBHTia, KaKb BTI npomIOM%, TaRK% B 6yAyMeML.
YqeHie XpHCTa o B'pt H HpaBCTBeHHOCTH npeACTaBMIJaOCb eMy
B% B1CemfIe CTeHeHH npOCTLIM'b, paBHo BOBBuIIeHHUM H 06m6ue-
OCTynHHlIb, BMtCTt C' TIM'b BCeo6'LeMJ~oIIUM'L; OHO He TOJbKO
ae npoTHBop'qHJTo-Ae paByMy, HO H caymHano BICmIHMWL ero
HpoaBJneHien. BAiJie BTORt HCTOpHmecKoIf gepKBH Ha paBBITie
qsenoBseecTBa 6wIo caMUMa 6jaaroAtTenLHUIML, 6jiaroAapa, MemAy
npoouHMb, HeH83MtPpMO BatHOMy Q)aTy COeAHHHi4A XpHCTiaHCTBa
Ca, rpeqecKoF o6paaoBaHHOCTilO H ci MiPOBOf PIMCKoA I4Minepiet.
B' nepioA. BuICTynjaeia CiaBHH'b Ha HCTOpHqecKoe nonpnme
o6paBoBaHHOCTb xpacTiancKaq, onHpaiomaaca Ha rpeKO-pHMcKylo,
HMtia TaKyio cHwy, HTO qexaML npHxoaHJIOCb man nocxopte
noAqHHHTL c eif, KaK% OHH H IOCTynHnJI, HI BCTyUHTIH C% HeIO
B% 6oph6y H InrH6HyTb, KaKb 9TO Cj yqIliOCL C% BopHnqaMH,
JIOTHRqaMH, PaTapaMH AHpyriHMH Hx conneMeHHHKaMH.
TyT% HenjaI He OTM'THTL, qTO [IaJiaiHKii He npHAaBaji?
cymecTBeHHaro BHaqeHia Iyanmsny o6pa0OBaHHocTH aHTHqHO0 -
rpeqecKoi H pHaCKoi, a paBHO H paBBHTof Ha ea KOpHqX% o6pa-
3OBaHHOCTH BOCTO'qHxpHcTiaHCKOft H 3anaAHoxpHcTiaHCROk. BcAnfj-
CTBie Toro OH He MOPrb OItHHTb HCTHHHarO BHaqeHiJ MHOrHXI
0nBox% 'qemcKof HCTOpiH, Hanp., PocTHcnasBOBOf HJIH CB. Meeo-
lieBCKOft, 8aTtMT JI OAMHJ[O-B9qecjaBOBOf (10 B.), Aanje IIpo-
4*








40

KonoBOft (11 B.), ryco-IepOHHMOBoR (14-15 B.), M Aaae OT-
qacTH qeuicKo-6paTcKoff, KaKi 9TO noKa3aHO B-' KpM1THK EiaraHa
Ha HtfeHH, a TaiKe Bb COoqHHeHiHxL HOBHKOBa, F~HJLmepunHra,
JIaMaHCKaro HHIKOTOPUIX% MJIaaUIHX qeemICKHIX'L HCTOpHKOB%.
qTO KacaeTCH OTHOUeHiHi IlIaJraKaro K 0 KROH0ecciOHajabHhUM
cnopaM, cTaparo H HOBaro BpeMeH4, TO, 6yaywn He KaTroaIKOM
4 H He upaBOCJaBHbJlM, a ipOTeCTa[HTOM%, BbIBOAIHBUIHM% CB01
pejrHrio.8ua Bo33ptHiia w3a anoxu rycIATCKOI H qeeuicKo6paT'cKol,
OH'b OHHaKO CTapaTeJIbHO H36MraJrb BCHKORf BIpoCncOB'ItitHOf nap-
TiftHOCTH B% O H'HK' HCTopMnecKHX H .aniq% 1 C06MhTift H CTpe-
MHaJC Ka% npHMHpeHilO BOSHHRKIIMX'i Ha TOR IIO1Bt pa3Horjacift
H cnopOBs npnHHInaMH BI'pOTepnIIMOCTn capaBeAjiHBOCTn.
3aTtM, Bbs HCTopia IIainaKRMl np0H o~tHK' C0cblTii oNeHb
qacTO npHMtHHj$nc upPHHIsWA BsaaMoALtflCTBi ~ aByxt CHJI, OTpa-
maioU14x' AyaIHn3ML, Hanp., Ayxa H MaTepin, CBo60ow ii aBTO-
plTeTa, pasyMa 'yRBCTBa, Ao6pa H 38a, BaaCTH AyXOBHoft H
CBtTCKOfi, HMnepiHn uauCTBa, enHTpa~JnaMa 1n ()ejepauiH, KaTo-
IHHqeTBa H IIpoTecTaHTH3Ma, repMaHHI3Ma H CJaBH3Ma, KOCMO-
noJIHTi3Ma 1 Ha HiOHaJIbHOCTI H T. II. H14Ae of06 TOMT% jyanIHaM
CHJI H HX' IIpoHBJIeHift B'% EH3HH H OT)1LtIbHUlX' JIHIj% HM ltJIulX%
HapOAOBs KpacHofl HHITbIO TIHHeTca epe3s Bet ero 'baHHU. 3a-
poA jiacb me OHa, InoBHLHMOMy, nOAiT RniHHieMe TorO AyaJIm3Ma
(Hm HOJIapHOCTH), KOTOpubt B'b (P~Hocoffin IIIensiHra a BJIeTCH
rVaBHOnO OCHOBOIO HaTyp%-(j+)IOCO(iH. IHeanoM% nme HCTopHKa
B1 a9TOM% OTHOmeHi a9BJfleTCe nOCTeneHHoe npHMHpeHie 9TOro
AyaaIH38Ma HIJI KOHTpacTOB% HX 'a CJdHHie B'% KOHeqHO0f rapMOHin,
BR CMLucJt aI6o coBnaAeHia Bs cpej.HeM% TepMHH TM abX' KOH-
TpaCTOB%, ji16o TopmecTBa npHHiuna BhIIcuaro Ha%'b HH3IIIHM',
Hanp. iyxa HaJ% MaTepieff, Ao6pa Haj ,3ajOM nH T. n. lacTHqHubl
npoaHBeHia TaKoro TopmecTBa OHn 8samqanj f B' a3%4aKTaX '
HCTOpiH, Hanp., B% no6tAt cJIaBHHCKaro Ayxa H cjiaBancKof
EH8HH Hab aJ AHKHMH CTenHHSaMH B% pod CKHOOBL%, CapMaTOB%,
ryHHOB%, aBap%, 6ojirapb, xaap%, neqeH'roBa, TaTap%, Aame
BaparoB~ H ApyrHX% nopa6oTHTeneif, KOTObpe B%, KOHqA' KOH[OB%
BCOCaHu cJIaBJIHCTBOM% H 1noTOHyJIH B'L HeM%; B'B iTo6'IA'h rycn-








41

TOBT HaA% paTJiHM HtM1meB%', o6ycJIoBJIeHHOni-Ae He TOIbKO BOeH-
HUM' HeCKyCCTBOM'b H reHiaJIbHOCTbio ryCHTCKHlX BO Aefl, HO H
o6JIbImel JIHoHOI CBO6 OOOo H 06pa3OBaHHOCTbIO ulpOCTOHapOALb
ryCHTCKaro no cpasBHeaio c HtMeAKHM' TOR 9DOXH. IIoAo06HLMH
ycJIoBiasMH o6%acHuanL IlIajiaKiift KByqecT HAefl, 8aB'L~MaHHbaxl
MexaMn CB. MeeooieM,, no cpaBHeHnil, Hanp., c' I OJI4THlecK4rM
coopyHeHieM', COBaTIOJnKa BeJiKOMopaBHcaro, He nepeauiBuHMi
6yph 10 B. 3a OTcyTCTBieM% B a ero JIHqHOCTH RH AtBTeJbHOCTH
upOMHOR 8THqeCKO~M OCHOBLI.
qTo KacaeTca CJiianHi nIIOapHOCTelf B% cpeaHeMb TepMHHt,
TO IIajiaKiift mejaJL TaKOBoro, Hanp., Bb% KOHTpaCTaX% CBo6oAhI
a aBTOpHTeTa, qTo6b HaKOHeT'b payM% noJbi~0Bioaca aBTOpH-
TeTOM%, a nocAAHii 6wUI pa3yMHbIM. Ba HOCTb MOMeHTa
Jn~qHoR CBo60Abi IlIaaniaKiift AOKaSIBa~ H HTKOTopUMn co6h TiRMH
qenicKOfi HCTOpil, Hanp., npoTHBonocTasBeieML H emcKHx'b no65At
1420 r. H HeyAaqs 1620 r., o6-acHaeMbx'-Ae 'TbM, %qTO B'
IryCTCKyIO nopy Maccu qemucKaro HapoAa AtieCTBOBaJIH KaK
coBOKyHHocTb CBo6oAHuhlX% eAHHHq L, TOPrA KaKI B'% B 91OXY BJIo-
ropcKaro norpoMa HapoAJb 6uji~ yme saKptnoMeHb BepXHHMH
CJIOsM1, a HOTOMy AOBOJIHO 6eayqacTeH- Ka cyAIL6aM% CBoero
rocyaapcTBa. Heo6xomHMoTb Me aBTopHTeTa B% cpeAl' CBo-
6o0HhlX'b eAjHHHII OH'b HOATBepmxa.i%, Memaly upoqIHM%, nosaH0l-
uiero pa3pO3HeHHOCTbIO ryCHlTOBL, paa36ThX' Ha MeaKie TOJIKH,
a noTOMy BsaaMHO ce6s napaaH3OBaBUHX% H HaKOHeIq % naBnIHX'L
;KepTBOIO peaKiuH H 1Kcn0IOaTaIiiH.
AHaaOrHqHunMi o6paso0M H y yaanLJ3MI3 nepi a naucTBa,
onpeA2;tasmifiii wiee BIKa eBponeflcKoi 3H843HH, pasptIinacaH-ae
He TopmKeeTBOM% OAHOPO 1H3% HMX%-, a ocJa6JeHieM% o60oHx%' B%
UOJab3y HOBaFO HlaJIa, HMeHHO, HapOAHOCTH, KOTopoe, npe,.Ae
acero, BbshAntHocb B- lIexir (c' 1400 r.), a UOTOM 1 a1 B%
IpyrHx% cTpaHaxa EBponb, caJIHBUIb C HaqalaMH AeMOKpa-
THIMa H o6mnecTBeHHaro MHAHia.
IIpoTHBonoJIOiKHOCTb KaTOJIH E8M H3 IM poTeCTaHTHBMa npeA-
cTaBaJiacb IIa1aalKOMy ocHOBaHHOIO Ha pa3aHqiH, c0 OAHOfI CTO-
pOHbh, upHH1Hlna aBTOpITeTa, a C% Apyrof pasyMa, co3HaHia,


* ,,







42


CBO60oAl. C'b BTHWM' CBHSaBHO H TO, HTO KaTOJIHn3MM'b OIHpaeTCH
6o0de Ha npeAanie, a upoTecTaHTHMab Ha ncaHie; TOTh Ao-
cTylHte-Ae HapOJHUMi MaccaM%, CKIIOHHUM'b Kb JOBtpiro; ETOT%
ae 6o0te pasBBuHTMM yMaM%, CTpeMnaII~ MCi KRb CaMOCTOTejLb-
HOCTH H CBO60At. 9TOT'L ;JyaJHI3M'b B' cept peJiriH npeA-
CTaBJaeTCr IIaiiagKoMy HBJIeHieM% npOBsAeHIianbHaUMw, TaKx
KaK1 H8EL BsaHMOA' tCTBiH CTOJIh npOTHBOHOIOOKHUX'L npaHHIlHHOBs
Bhipa6aT6IBajoc 6oj0re mapoKoe H rny6oKoe MiposepgaHie. Bb
cpemHie BtKa OT' HeyMtpeHHOR CHahI KaTOJIHnH3Ma BO3HHKalOTL
B'L JIOHt ero rptxnH KaK MbCJIH, TaK' H COBtCTH, H 'L KOHIl
KOHHOBs' Bb> EBponi Morno 6bI pasBHTICa HtqTO B% pOAzi
asiaTCKaro Aaraft-IaMHBMa, ecJnH 6bi IpoTHBub nIanCTBa He blI-
CTyHInJIH 6opnbi aa CBo6oAy MHtHia H TOJIKOBaHia CB. IlHcaHia.
IIepbUM'L H8' HHX'h 6mun I. ryc%, KOToparo Ilaaiaa ift CqHTaeT%
OCHOBaTeJIeM'L npoTeCTaHTHBMa, cJtAOBaTejaHO, HOBOa BDOXH B'
paBssHTi xpHcTiaHCTBa. IlOTOMy-TO IIaailKi# BHAtnJI BT ry-
CHTCTBt He TOJILKO BamHHt"IIiY i anoxy qemncKol HCTopin, HO H
rjaBHenimyI sacayry IexoB'b Ha noJI BceMipHoI HCTOpin.
BnpoqeMi, XOTRI CHMnaTiH IIanaiKaro HBHO aeOaTL Ha tyct,
OAHaKO H ero IIpOTHBHHIOB% OH'b He ocymKfaeTa c% nieqa, AO-
nycKas a H B' HX cpel' A0o6pufa tqIH, npH HexopomrnxL Atfi-
CTBiHxb, ROTOPb H BCTptiajiInCb H MemJy sallHTHHKaMH Fyca.
HIIojby ryCHTCTBa OH% AorKablBanIL ]AVLn CBOHXL HTaTeJaef
KaTOJIHKOB'b H TtML, qTO, Bl3BaB% upOTeCTaHTH83M%, OHO npH-
BenJo 3aTtML K' peopMt jaTHHCKofA IepaBH, KOTOpaH aaTt-
Bajacb, npaBAa, H pabinme, "Ha co6opax' 15 B., HO (TaKTHqeCKH
npoBeaeHa, BnpoqeMb JIIm OTqaCTH, TOJIbKO co6opOMI TpaHeH-
THHCKHM'. HHaLie KaTOJIHIAHBM3M BUIpbOAJICq 6hu-Ae Bb BHBaHTH-
HHBM% (Pam. 129).
'TO KacaeTCH OTHOIeHif IIaJiaIKaro K' npanocJaBiho, TO,
KaK't Blame OTMtqeHO, OH' He BaMlqaJI'L eigIe ero OTlaJIeHHhIXb
CBsase c% KyJIbTypOIO rpeqecKofi, a 3aTtMr C% BHBaHTiCKOfl H
Boo6iue C4HTajr ero KaKr 6ub BTopocTeneHHLIM' HBJaeHieM'L B'T
BeJIHKOM'L aHTaroHHBMt KaTOJIH3SMaa H npOTeCTaHTHBMa. IIOTOMy-
TO OH% He oIMHHJIL H B' qeiiicKol HCTOpin sHaqeHia npeAanita










KMpHnJIJ-MeeOAieBCKHX'%, HX' CBH3H, Hanp., C% ryCHTCTBOM% H
c, qvemcKo6paTCKHM% yqeHiMeL, a BHocJItACTBi Cb HIHeaMH caa-
BRfHCKaro, BL TOM% q'1CJ~i H qeXOCJIOBeHCKarO, B08pom;ReHiI.
JAnIJi exoBa 19 B. npaBocJlasie KasaajocL eMy He inoaxoAguiHM
no AByM% upH'mHanMb: 1) npaBOCJnaBHOe 6orocjiymeHie, B% KOTO-
poM% nponoBtAb wrpaeT% BTOpocTeneHnyIo po0b, roBopHTa-)e
6oate qyacTBy, q4tM paacyAKy, m 2) qexH He MOrF 6ub nepe-
HeTH HBJIHImHel OCTporoTH npaBocjaBHbxt IIOCTOBn%! CTOJIb
rOBepxHOCTHblf B3rSPiH'I B'h nHcaTeJlt' B0o06e riy6oKOM%
o6ICHsfeTca TtM',, WTO IIaiauKir He npHAaBaai% cepbesHaro 3Ha-
ieHiH AOrMaTMqeCKHMii OCHOBaMb peatrin, a onate Hanspana Ha
ea STHqecKis COOTHonIeHI, H HTO ero InHHMaHie HCTopHIecmaro
xpHCTiaHCTBa 6uaio HtCKOJILKO 38TyMaHeHO HmlAeMH 4)HJocoCKKaro
TeH3Ma, KOTOPLlMH OHW yBJieKaJICS B% CBoen paHHeft MOJIOOCTH.
OTHOCHTeJIbHO o6iuaro xapaKTepa HJi OCHOBHalX% 'epTL
eIemcKott CTopHqecKOft H8HiH TIai iauKiif Bupa;ancsI TaKb: ,TaK'L
KaK% qeutICKaa 8eMjis pacnojioaeHa Bs cpeAlHH 14 H KaK-6LI B'
cepAiu Esponu, TO j ea HapOA'b BT TeeHlie MHorHX% BIKOB'
6uar cpeAoTogieMI,, B' KOTOPOM'L He 6e83 6o0pL6b coupHKacaiHC
paa3jnqH'e 8EeMeHTLI H HaqalaM HOBOeBponeOCKoI kHsHH -- Ha-
pOAHotH, rocygLapCTBeHHOA, IepKOBHOf. Oco6eHHO MOSHO 3A8tCL
Booqiro BHAtTL npOAOJIRHTTeHJLHUlf CHOpl, H BBaHMHOe COnp0HHKHO-
Benie .sjeMeHTOB'b -- pHMCKarO, H'MeeiKarO H C;iaBHCKaFO BT
Esponh" (Pal. Nar. 28 cTp.). CjyqHjnocb BTO TaK%. Korgia
H'IMeql% BTOprcH C% opyHMieM'% B pyKax% Bb BO JeHKoe HacJIlAie
PHMa, MHpHbIft CJIaBIHHH%', IIOALBHmrICb THXOHLKO 3a HHM%', OC'Jl%
paHIOM'. 0' HHML BCTYHJI'% BL BpponeflcKyIO MH8HL HOBhlU
Hapo3AHuit aeMeHT%, He MeHte 6iaropoAHUfi, HO He MeHhe H
HpoH8BOAHTeJ1bHBlft. CBo6o0a n paBeHCTBO BC'Xf rpaFHAaH%,
KaK, CoIHOB' OAHOA CeMl4A, 6bIJIO rJIBHOIO MepTOl) apeBHHX%
cjaBsH%': o ecJIH-6u1 C'% THM% 6Lu Ji CBa3aHO H coraacie HX'
Meaeiy co6oio! .... .. KeJIaa B'% MHpt nOJnlOBaTLCS nIJIOaMH
CBOefi HHBLI, CJiaBJHHH'L T'M% alUe IOAqHHMHJICs BOJI1 HHOpOA-
rOeB'%! HTOibI He IIOP'MHyTb, CJiaBIHHH BliHyAfH' %) 6hIni Ha-
KOHeTR nIOCTenCHHO H3MtHHTL CBOki O6pas'b mH3HH H DpHBHTL K%




*'" i ' 1 ,* .



44

cBoeA HapoHLHOCTH aieMeeHTh pHMCKie H HMeAIie ...... Bce.n-
cTBie Toro rjaBHoe coAepKaHie H OCHOBHyio qepTy qexoMOpaBCKOfl
HCTopim cocTasBJIeT% He[pephsBHoe conpHKocHOBeHie 1 CTOJIKHO-
seHie CJiaBHHCTBa C% pOMaHH3MOM H Ht MeqHHOi. A TaK'b KaKI
poMaHH3ML coupHnKacajcICH % C exief He Henocpe.IcTBeHHo, a nowqT
HCuKIIosHTeJibHo qepe3a HIMe~HHy, TO qeUiCKax HCTOpil cocpeAo-
TOqHMaeTca rjaBHHfilH4M' o60paaoM' Ha CIIOpt c% HatMeqMlHOft
HJIa Ha BOCupiHTiH H oTBepmeHiH HpaBOBb Hn o60qaeB'h HtMeI-
KHX'% lexaM .... XOTa TanKHM o6paaoMb qemcicii HapoA%
upHHajia Bb CBOIO0 MH3HE MHOrO HtMeqIKarO, TfM'i He MeHte He
nepecTaJIi' 6ITb CJiaBHJHCKHM%. 14 HhlHt Ha HeM'L Jile;HLT Ta me,
o6ycaoBseHHaa reorpa4>ieil, salAaa: 65oTb MOCTOM' Memety Ht-
MeqmHHOfi H1 CJaaBHCTBOM', Boo1l0e MemAy BOCTOKOM' H 8[aHaIOMb
EBpoUM.
Ofvy w3b raaBHUxr'b aAaqa CBOoeft aKaHH H luncaTeJabCKORi
AtlTeabHOCTH, OCo6eHHO B'b oJIaaTH HCTOpiH, IlaiaiAKift BHAt;aa
B' BsacHeHiH OCo6eHHOCTefl qemcCKaro HapoAHaro piyxa H B96
o6ierqeHin TOpmecTBa CKphlTLIX'L Bb HeM% H,1Ae~ H MaeajiOBT
HaAS qyB{JIhMH, HMeHHO HtMeg~KHMH. BTOMy PaKTy He MtnlaIJl
HtMeIAKif 8 aKK%, Ha KOTOPOM'L nOJIBH3IHCb epBue TOMUI LHH'L:
iHUam c% 1848 r. OHH nOCTeneHHO HaqajiH IIpeuAiaBaThCH H
Ha qemcuKOM'b aah Kt. MOKHO IIpI H3BtCTH6UX'b yCJOBi3x, 6muT
caaSaBHKHM% IH naTeJeIM' l Ha HtMeIJKOM' aauKt (cp. Ro6poBCKit,
fIiapapHK%, OTqacTH H Kojiap%) HJIH )paHnysoCKOM (cp. Xo-
MHKOB'), a %C Apyroft CTOpOHI HtMeLjKHMb IlHCaTejeMb Ha
vemcKOM' HMJI pyCCKOM' HBaabl (JiaBBIHCKie SanaAHMKH). Ro-
HeqHO, B% Iexiin To TpyAiIese, qtM HHAu BCatAcTBie BKOBOPro
B3aHMOAtfCTBia qexOB% C' HtMIlnaMH 1 IIOCTeneHHOf Bhlpa6OTKH
Ha BTOfA IOB'B KaK% 6u cpeAHaro, CMtIllaHHaro, CJaaBRHO-
HfMeIKHaro THna, OCHoBaHHaro Ha CMtIaHHO me me MipocoaepjuaHiH
H AByasuIqiH o6paH0BaHHux'b caoeBh o61iecTBa. H B% caMOM%
IaIaJ IKOM%, KaK% upoTecTaHTt, 6mIo He MaJiO H;tMeiKaro, BCJIltA-
CTBie qero H Ba ocBLmieHiH paaHJIXr aBUOX qemcICKOf HfCTOpin,
oco6eHHO PycHTCTBa, y Hero 3aMtqaeTCeI HaKJIOHHOCTL Bee CBO-
A(HT Kb HOCTeneHHOf BUpa6oTRst HpOTeCTaHTH3Ma, npHqeMbe









45

ryct, IepoHHM' IIpaKcKit, XenbqMHI1Kif HBJIssIcb He o60te,
KaK' npeATeqaMHi JIloTepa, IanEBiHa, IIB1HrFan H oo6Hue pe(op-
MaTOpOBb 16 B. Ho MU He MomeM', B1HHTb ero B'1 9TOM' OTHO-
meHiH, paa3b TaKb cJIoaKinJIac HcTopHmecKan mKOJIa n HeXOMopa-
BaH't Boo6iie, H ero CaMoro B'b qacTHOCTI. Bee me Mu AOJlanH
lnpH3HaTb, ITO OH' BcerAa cTapajica 6hTb HCTOpHKOM'% 06eK-
THBHLIM' H BO3AaBaTb KaNailOMy AojamHoe. OH' iame ynpenKa.r
araJImMrnja H Babi6bHHa a3 MSJlmmHee HepacnoaoxeHie K HtMLaM%.
C% Apyrofl CTOpOHU He HyKHO 3a6blBaTb, HTO ,1fnhl 6UhJIHn Ha-
nHHaHh no nopyqeHilo qemIIenHX% 8eMcKHX% qI4HOB'b, T. e., IIIJXThI,
B' KOTOpOf HkMeqKifi 8JIeMeHT'L H TOrPa 6]t hl OeHb CJieH'L;
WTO aBCTpitcKaa ileHypa B' a9noxy MeTTepHHxa, a HOTOM'L Baxa
peBHHBO oxpaHJlia B'% aBCTpiCKOIkf HCTopiorpaj)in cneJiaJlbHo
aBcTpiicKi8 TO'KH 8ptHiS, AOBOJbHO 6JIlHBKiH Boo6mIe K'L HtMeI-
KHM'b, HMeHHO KaTOJIHqecKO-HfMeIjKHMm', CJIfnAOBaTeJibHO, HeIlpia3HeH-
HUb Bceuy cfiaBsHCKOMy, TaK'L 'TO B' 1830 r. neHaypa He
nponycTIJa cJaBHacHKaro V1caCIByoBani o nIepKOBHOCejaBIHCKOM'b
mXHTi CB. BaSecjiaBa (BocTOKOBa) KawK HecorJaCHOM'b C'1 Ha-
pOAHUM% BtpoBanieMw o CB. JIIoAMnJIt H BaqecasBe. B' 1844 r.
,aWNe BOHHKJIH 3aTpyAHeHia npua H aniH kH3CnIAOBanii IIajaiaKaro
o ryCITCTBt, eAsa He 8acTaBHBIllia ero coBepmeHHO OTKa3aTbCH
OT'L qemcKoif HCTopiorpa}in. MermAy npoqHM%, ueHsypa ptuin-
TejbHO BOC IpoTHBMJIacb noM'theiHio B'% AIHH~tHax% xBaJIe6Haro OT-
3Ba nIlodio BpaqqiojaHHH o IepOHMMt IIpaEKCKOM' (Tomek
B'b Pam. 69). BtpoRTHo, nO MToI npHnqHHi' B' JItnHHax JIMUb
wB caa6ofl Mtpt oTpamaeTca ero oco6eHHoe npHCTpacTie RK-
iemcKo6paTCKOR urepaKB 16 B., yHacjlaoBaHHoe IHM% OT T peA-
KOB%, unpHHaJneHaBsHmaxb, nIOBHsAMOMy, i4eHHo RKi Heaf. H apHCTo-
KpaTHMM'b, B' KOTOPOM' HHnorAa yupeKajiH HIaiaKaaro, 6uJI% B%
HeM% cKOpte nIOJIHTHKOf, q M'b MCTOpHLecKHM% y6tamAeHieM%,
XOTI, KOHe9HO, cyAb6ia Ta60pHTOB'L H JlpyrHX% KpafiHHX'b BtTBef
ryC4cTCTBa, a 3aTM'b oxJioKpaTHItecKiQ BHW3eHiH B' IIpart
1848 r., ein e 6ofle B% BtHt n jtpyrIHX% HnMei~KHnx ropoAaxb,
- sacTaBHJM ero ycOMHHTbCH Bb 6Jiarax% pacinymeHHaro AeMo-
KpaTH3Ma, He CBsIaHHarI' Hn IeHTpanaylouIefl BJIacTbIO rocyAapa,








46

HH o6aaroposuHBaoU mnMH cTpeMJeHiHMH o6pa3oBaHHblX' KJVaCCOBs
Hacejiemf.
KpoMt Toro, IanaaKiKf, KaK' qeoeaOBK'L BhIcmlHX'b cTpeMJeHief,
He cq Taai ce6a pa6omb cBoeti qemcKok mHai cjaaBsHCKoA Ha-
pOAHOCTH H OTHOCHJICa KpHTHMeCKH Ka CBoeMy qexHEMX H caa-
BJHH3My, OTnpaB.IIS Ch OT' BbICIIIHX% HAeft ryMaHH3n a n xpH-
CTiaHCTBa. Ero eBIa4OM'b 6uio: ,,svoji k sv6mu, a vidy dla
pravdy", cnxtOBaTebHeHO, Texi aojaenIeHb CToaITb a qexoBb, HO
TOJIbKO BH rpaH uax% H Ha OCHOBaXT IpaBAbl, BbUCmHX'b 8TH-
qecKHx'L Haqa.Tit 3a TO OH% 6h11JIb HOJIOKHTeJIbHhIM% BparoMb
Toro 6ea3IroAHaro KOCMOnOJIHTH3Ma, KOTOpbLI pacuLiiiBaeTca quasi
Ha Bee 'qeJIOB'qeTBO, T. e., jhbeT 6aJIb3aM'b B'L oKeaH%, a Ha
caMonM Atji aBjiaeTca MacKORf ce6sjiio6iaH H He;IeaHiH o6;ierqaTb
peajbHoe rope XOT~ 6bh OAHOPO peaLHaro qeaoB'ta iMH KpymKa.

V. OcTaeTcaI eme ocTaHOBsTbCa Ha o6ileCTBeHHO-UOJIHTH-
'eCKOM'b MipocosepiaHiH IHaUaqKaro, KOTOpoe oqeHb yMtno
nao6pameHo B'L CTaTbE AAOJbia Cep6a (Srb, Pam. 545 u cat.)
B% nepioAt MeTTepHHXOBCKaro 6IopoKpaTHnecKaro a6co-
lOTHs8Ma HH IIalaKi9i, HH KTO-JIH60 Apyrof Hm3' o6pasoBaHHhIX%
qoeXOB' He MOrP' 8aHHMaTbCa nOJIHTHKOft B' CO6CTBeHHOM CMLICJAl',
a pa3Bt 6yA~HTb HapoA I, pa3BHBaTb ero caMoco3HaHie H noA-
rOTOBJIRTbI K%' CaMOAIHITejlhHOCTH Ha 6ojIle IIIHpOKOM'b UoJI. 3TO1
qJnIJIH alOJEHbl 6uJIH CJIYKHT H T 'BIIHHU, a Ta;Ke MHoria K'h HHM'
npHMLMKarom iti CTaThH H HCTOpHqecKiH H3CJItIAOBaHiH Ila.iauKaro.
Oco6eHHo OH'b BHyImal~I conjieMeHHHKaMb OcBo06OATbcH OT' pOKO-
BOil pa3p03HeHHOCTH CJIaBlHi H B% TOM'b 1HCJ1I lexOB'L, KOTOpaa
oco6eHHo rI6eJLabHa noToMy, 'TO Bparn Hxt, HMibuh, AiIlCTByIOT%
CUJIOqeHHIMH MaccaMH.
Bonuloe BHHMaHie o6paiman npM DTOMu IIaaagKift Ha
qeuicayio apHCTOKpaTiio, Br cpejy KOTopoll OHb 6inUlb BBeaeHL
,o6pOBCKEHM- a Ha KOTOpyO) npio6plJl'b BJaiiHie CBOHML TaKTOMb,
yMOM-b H PlAKHML o6paaoBaHieM', OCO6eHHO' HCTopHIecKHMb H
iopa1qsecKHMb. Bs 1842 r. IIaagaKifl, KaKI MbI BHMUaIH H38
ero aBTo6iorpajinH, wrTaJn BO ABopit KH. Kapja IIllapienH6epra








47

lame oco6b, f Kypcb 0 CaMOM'h lraBHOM'b npeAMeTr wHah CTopil
emicKaro rocyaapcTBeHHaro npaBa, HMeHHO, O qeIICKHX%. celiMax%,
Hx'L opraHHaaiiH H KOMneTeHliH Bb pa3HHbe nepio/iu sqecKo]f
HCTopiH. STH qTeHia He ocTajincb 6efianJIOAIhMH B% abH.aIHflmeM%
pa3BHTiH qemciaro Bonpoca, qeuicKaro rocyAapCTBeHHO-HCTO-
pHqecKaro upasa.
Bi 1846 r. anajiaidfi nHca 3aUHKy no aopocy H BP
4eoAajHns t Hn eHTpanJIHmM, B% KOTOPOt ptUIHTebIHO BbICKa3aacI
npOTHB% HaBHeaHHbIux qexaMb co BpeMeHH OTTOKapa II HTM-
IamH (eoaLanbHbx'b OCHOBs semcKaro CTpOH H 3a CTapo-emicKoe
yqacTie BH ynpaBjeHiH BC'x'l KJIaccOBs HapoAa, qTO 6oite co-
OTBtTCTByeT%-gae H Ayxy 19 B. ITO KacaeTca geHTpanu3Ma,
TO IlIanaaKitt CMHTajn ero yme npomeAnimam' CBOIO KyJIbMHa-
JiOHHyIO ToWKy. IlpOTHBOB %f eMy OH'b BHAtJIa BT BOBpacTaioule
CHJA o6SecTBeHHaro MHtHiHU H B' npHHqHHi HapoAHOCTH, KOTO-
ph1f BhCTynHna Bb 19 B. Ha MipoByI) cieHy.
KoirAa BOBHHKJHI KOHCTHTyIHiOHHlSI TeqeHia B- ABcTpiH
1848 r., IIajailKift c' 6oabumiMn oAymeBjeAieMb 1 HtCKOJIbKO
CaHTHMeHTaJIhH M'b OUIITHMH3MOML IIpHBs~TCTBOBaJ% HIX'b B% ,,IIpa2R-
CRHXb HOBHHax% FaBJIIqKa" (MapT% 1848 r.) Bbspamaa MHtHie,
HTO OTH1lHI HtMeI'b He 6yieT, HlMTT B'L lexiH npeHMnyJecTBa
npeAj sexomL, WTO BO BCetx ea ulIKOaXJX' BnpeAb sBC 6yayT'L
OAHHaKOBO H1yqaTh o6a 88bKa, KOTopue BCJItCTBie TOrO He-
Mel~aeHHO nHpOHHKHyTT BT~ aAMHHHCTpaitoi rPA Ao Toro rocnoA-
CTBOBajI% HtMeiKii B HbK'L Ha paly Ca HcnopqeHHhlM% 9'cICKHMb
mIaprOHOM. Tt iae maeH OTCTaHBaJ 1- IlaaRKilf Bb co6paHiH
qemLcKHIHX nHcaTejefi o06tHx HapOAHOCTeif, KaKb ylIOMaHyTO BbIUe.
HtiMHi cHaqajia corjamauJHC Ha noaHyp) paBHonpaBHOCTb
AByxa HapOAHOCTefI B'L Iexim, HO noTOM% H83M'HHnIH BSaPJHJi
nol;J sniaHHieMb naHrepMaHHCTOB' H31- (DpaHKjtypTa, KOTop~e H
IIajiagnaro XOTtJIH 8aMaHHTL K' ceit Ha COBtmaHie HJI cyst.
B'% OTBtT% Ha TOT% BhI30B% (anp. 1848 r.) Ilaiiar Kil BblCHHUM
aCTOpHKonOjnHTHecKia OTHoIeHiHa IexiH K% ABCTpiH, a paBHO
KI repMaHCKoft HMlepiH, yKaSaB%', ITO XOTI HemcKiie rocyiapH
BXOAHJIH B- qHCJIO IMnepcKHX% KHsaea (KaSK KypIopCThl HMIlepiH),








48

OAHaKo qeumcKift HapoA-' HHKOra7 He npHqHCJIan' ce6H K'b HI-
MeiKOMy H ipyrHMH He 6ijli'b K' HeMy npHYqHCiaeMb, TaK'b ITO
BaaHMooTHomeHia 'exia C'b repMaHieit LoJnnHb 6ubTb InpHHHaeMhI
3a CBsal rocyaapa c' rocy.apeMb, a He HapoAa C' HapoAOM96.
nIlOTOMy cTpeMjenie HIMIleB'b npHCoeAUHHMT KbI cef61 qemcKii
HapoA,% npeAcTaBjaIeT' HOBHBHy, He 14HMIOIIy)I HHKaKHXrL HCTOpHKO-
npaBoBhX'L ocHoBaHit. TaKiM'b CTpeMneHiJMrb IIajiaiRKif CO-
AITCTBOBaTb-A-e e MoieeTT, paBHO KraKb H cTpeMjneHiro ;.ImHTi
ABCTpi) nIOJIHTHTecKOrt CaMOCTORTeIabHOCTH. IIp14 TOMrb CJIyqaI
IaJiawdKil II pOHsHeC'r I3BtCTHhIl atopaH8M%, KOTOpblIt OHb BIIO-
CJl.ICTBiH CTapaJICJ HtCKOJILKO OPpaHI4IHTb H4 o6yJIOBHTb, 'TO
,ecIa 6u ABCTpiH He 6iao, TO ee HyaKHO 6ilJio 6hl HeMeAJIeHHO
nocTapaThca o6pasoBaTb" Ba HHTepecaxa He TOJbKO qeuicKaro,
HO H ApyrHxr aB3CTpiACKHX'L HapoAlOBr, Aa H Bcero qejiOBt$iecTBa.
Brb MOTHBHpOBK B4TOrO Lonoameniaf, KOTOpoe HtCKOJILKO HallOMH-
HaeTr BojibTepoBcKif apopH3Mm: ,ecjim 6h Bora He 6ubno, TO ero
Hy;KHO 6ijio 6bl BbIyMaTh", IIaJ1agKift coCiaJIca, Mem ty npoiMMb,
Ha onaCHOCTb uia EBponU 1 Bceco qeJlosBtecTBa OT'b BoapacTatomLefi
MipoBO fi epmaBh6 PyccKof: ,DTO 6Iuio 6u-Ae Heo63apAMbMb H
HesBpaaHM M'r a3JoMi, HecnacTieM 6ea3 Mtphl H rpaHnu'b, KO-
Toparo a XOTSI CjaBsHHaHrb TIaOM' UH iIymeio Bcero MeHte
6u menaar H B'h TOM9T ciyqat, ecaH 6i HMnepif 6luja upoBos-
riameHa CJIaBHHCKOIO". OTsepraa ynpeKr Bbh HepacnojiomeHi
Ka pyccKHMr, OHn1 OAHaKO C03HaeTCH, HTO npH BCef Jio6BH KaI
CBoeMy HapOAy sBme CTaBHTa sHTepecb o6ieqeJIOB'iqiecKie H
HayqHble, q%9M' HapoAHbie, a HOTOMy Hlea yHHBepcajiHOfR pyc-
CKOft MOHapxiH HMteTrb-te B'b HeMb caMaro ptilHTenbHaro npo-
THBHHKa, He IOTOMy qTO OHa 6bima 6ui pyccKas, a HOTOMy WTO
6u a 6i yHHBepcajbHaa". flOTOMy-TO IIajiaiXKif aI meaJ'L He
TonJIb coxpaHeHia ABCTpin, HO H ;anbHrAfimaro paaBHTia eH
oco6eHHO Ha BOCTOKTb, B'b Co003t, ecJH HynHo, c% repMaHieft
tame Ha HaiJaqaax' TaMOJKeHHaro eaHHCTBa. 0TO MHtHie HIaiaJIKifi
o6pasoBaJl% Ha nIIOrt TIXl HCTOpHKO-Kyj bTypHux'b HeAopaay-
MtHitt BO Barjiapiax> ero Ha OCHOBu eBponeicKoi o6paaoBaHHOCTH,
oTM qeHHbhX'L Bbiile; 6JiaroAaps aTlMM' B3rJ1gAaM IlaJaniaKii HH-






49

KorAa He MorP o01uHHThb sHaeHia BOCTOHHOXpaCTiaHCKHIxX OCHOB'b
Ha BRa peanrioaHofl, HH B- o6ImecTBeHHOR, HH B% aIpyrHXb Kyab-
TypHbux% o06jacTax%. HIOTOMy-TO H Bs3r8jIaiA la.iaiKaro Ha 8Ha-
qeHie BKaaHTin aBb peBHie BtKa, a Pocci --- Bb HOBble He
OTJIHaJanI HH rjy6HHOIO, HH BtpHOCTIO.
BapoqeMB, Mbl He CTaHeiTM 8TOMy yAHIBJI TbCH, ecaj BCIIOM-
HHMTr, MTO H B'b CaMOf Poccin He TOJIbKO TOrO (laaaaeBsh), HO H
MHnorO iioSAjtft1uaro BpeMeiH (CnacoBHqR, BJ. CoJOBbeB H MH. Ap.)
He iiepecTaBan~ BhICKaHbITbCr BT b o6IueCTBt H neqaHTH COBepumeHO
aHajiornl'Hbe B3rJHlihI o eLAUHCTBt Bscmelf MipOBOt o6paBoBaHHoCTI,
BbIpamatomIefIe Ba ;K3HHn. HapOIOBs 3saniUHO eBponelCIKHX' H
o naeOHaCTHqecKOM'b OTHOIIeHiH K'% Hef BC(IKOI Apyrofl xpHCTiaH-
CKOi 0o6paaoBaHHOCTH, CJI'nIoBaTejiHO H BH8aHTi#tCKO-pyccKOft.
OJuHOBpeMeHHO ca BC meynoMHHyTLIM'b nChbMOM%' KR% (paHK-
FypTCKOMy ceilMy, IIalairKia BCTynHHJlb B% CHOnieHiH c'b qeimcKof
u[Jf.xTofT H COBtTOBajirb e[ft Ao6pOBonbHO oTKasaThca oT% co-
cAOBHbiux% npUHBHJierit, onpeAb.aieHHhxrb aeMCKHMa yaoKeHieM'b
(1epAMHaHAa II OTT 1627 r., Ba Ba1ax' b aMtHbI ycTaptlnaro
CTpOi COCJIOBHarO HOBbIM% 3eMCKHM'b, KOTOphU AtOa neHb 6bITb
Bhpa6OTaH'b BCeCOCJIOBHbIM% 8eMCKHM'b cefMOM'b. Ho e[0 mcKaa
IITaIXTa He ptiminacb Ha TaKoft aKTb caMoorpaHHqeHia! ...
Korja ab anptant 1848 r. BOSHHK'% Bonpocb o HaaHaaeHiH Ha-
nalaKaro MHHHCTpOMr HapoAH. npoCBUIX., OH'b npeACTaBHJn rp.
IInHepcAopopy 3anicKy, B'b KOTOpoft, OTKJIOHai DTO npeatjomenie,
HnBaraeTba CBOH noJHaTHecKia BOaSptHia, a HMeHHO npHBHaeT'b
ce6a IIOJIHTHROM' HCKpeHHO ja6epanbHbIM,, cTpeMaInMca Krb
yHHqTomKeHilO BCLX% OCTaTKOBb 0eoAajHsMa H K'b aBTOHOMiH
83ecKHx% rpynnub, o6pa8yeMuIXb HapoaHOcTaMH.
B, aupJi~t 1849 r. IIaJiaRKOMy unpAuocb 6blTb npeA-
clAaTejeMb CJaBaHCKaro cbaaaa B% IIpart, KOTOpuLF npn
yqacTiH i Hamero BaKyHHHa ninanrb HtHKOJIbKO (pa3eo0 orH-
qecKtif MaHH eTfT o upaBaxL qeJIoB'BKa 1 qeJIOB'hqeCTBa C'
HpOTecTOM% IIpOTHBb IIOJIHTHKH HaCH JiA H C% Tpe60BaHieM%
ypaBHeHia npaBsb H 0Io6aaHHOCTeft. KamJaro, TaKrb qTo6hl ABCTpia
CTaJia Ccoro.oM paBHOllpaBHh lx HapoAOBb%, KO 6Jary He TOJlbKO








50

cJ[aBHH%, HO H Bo00o6e Ha HOjI by CBo60oAb, IpocBtiLeHis H
ryMaHHOCTH. HS3BCTHO, ITO 8TOT' ct 3bj, 6 aJs pa8orHaHw
KapTebqlo BaHUiunrpena, nosqey H ocTaJnca 6eanjsoaHUM'L Ji a
AaJIbH$ftmIHX ycnIfXOB' CJIaBH3Ma B% ABCTpiH. Ala H B08MOKHbl
JM 6nlH aTH ycnIxu, ec~ir no H11 eaMe 60oJmlIHHCTBa aIeHOB%
Toro c%'s3aa ABCTpia AoaJmHa 6bia CALeaTrca BTOpoI cjIaBH-
CKoft HMnepietn, upH3saHHofi cJaymaKTb 3anaay IHOTHB% Poccin,
T. e., HacTOHIIIaPO, BOCTO'HaPO CJIaBHaMa?
Bo BpenMa sacatwaHiai HMnepcKaro CetMa B'b BtHt, a noate
Bs KpOMtprt'h B 1848-49 rr. IIaaaiaoMy upHnmajocb B
COCTaB'h oco6o napjaMeHTCKKO OMMHCCiH 83aHHTbhC cOCTaBJIeHieMrb
npoeKTa aBCTpinCKOfl KOHCTHTyIiH. pIIpH TOM% OH' pyKOBOAHJ:ICJ
o6paasiaMH KOHCTHTyinft (qpaHIy3CKOi H Oc06eHHO 6eJbrilicKoft
(1831 r.) H yqeHieM'L HMeiKHIX'b nyI6Ai3LHCTOB% PoTTeKa H
BeabKepa --uaHrepMaHHCTOBr n8AaTejet Staatslexikon'a, KOTOpbAf
Toraa 6ubn oqenb aBTOpaeTeeH. I-Ioo6HO 9THM% KOHCTiHTyiaM%'
OH'b C1HTaJIT% HapOA% eJH4HCTBeHHbIM% HCTO'HHKOM' npasa, XOTH
CTOIIJI'b 3a HacjiACTBeHHyIO MOHapxiIO. Ho ero oco6eHHOCTf
BaKniiHa)qajac Bb TOM', qTO OH% pacumIpaIrb HnoaJTie CBo6oAu
o6niecTBeHHolt H nHOHTHMqeCKRO eMe Ha CB060oay HapoAHocTeft;
OTcroAa ero HAea HarioHaaJbHaro pexlepanjHaa. OH' CRqHTanI
Toraa HeBOaMo0HHUMI o6pao3BaTb TaKyIo eAepa1fiIo H38' yat-
JIa tBIHX% B% ABCTpiH o6jacTef, KOTOpuh, C% OJHOf CTOpOHU,
OqeHb HepaBHOMtpHU no o6%eMy (Haup., rainniia H (Dopapfi6epr%
HJH TpiecT% H Ilexia), c', apyront CTOpOHU, o6jiaaao)T% secMa
HepaBHOMIpHb1MH paBaMH H HKOHeql% cJiaraIOTCf HeptAKO H18'
pa3HiIX% jieMeHHhl'b rpynn%.
Bb BtHCKOM'I npoeKTi ABCTpifcKOR KOHCTHTy1iH IfluarlKifi
npHHHMa.n, qeTUpe nHJeMeHHbux' rpynnu:
I. 3em j noibcrKia (co BKjiiOieHieM% qepBOHo-pyccKUX%, T. e.
KpaKOB%, raminq, ByKOBHHa).
II. 3eMan qemcKia (TIexia, Mopasin, CRnesia).
III. 3eMin HnkMeiKoaBsTpiAtcKia (AscTpia, 38ajiA6yprb, THpojb,
(DopapJlb6epr6,, IIITpia).
IV. 3eMajH HJan pcCiai (XopyTania, Kpaflna, HIpHMOpbe, JIa:.Maiqi).


' ' ? ,'







51

BTH qeTrpe rpynnbI y IIaJiaqKaro jfltJITCH Ha 10 Lander-
gebiete, H3i' KOtix Kam'bh uf UOJflKeH' 6yfeT% HMITL (BO f cefMb,
c% pe.3aweHIiaMH BJiacTeft BT ropoAax' JIbBOB', BepHt, IIpart,
BitH, IHI t, H1Hc6pyK', rpaut, JIo6aJIH't, TpiecTt n 3aapt.
HIo KpoMs~pHumCKOMy me upoeIKTy nUeMeHHuH rpynuHI ce$-
Aymouis:
1) nonjCaan, 2) qemcKaa, 3) HtMeIrKaa, 4) na1ipcKBa,
5) HTajihanHCKaa, 6) iHoHocjiauHacKa1, 7) Ma.ibapcKaH, 8) pybMHCKaH.
]K% 1-oft npHHaU~Je;aT% rainsw, IpaxoB%, ByKOBHHa,
YrpopyccKas o6jacTb.
Io 2-oft Iexis, MopaBif, Cnaeaif n CosBafHHa.
Kt 3-beft ABCTpia, 3ajbg6ypr%, (Dopapab6epra, HtMeLUKas
ImTHpiH, HtM. XopyTaHii, HM. THpoib, HtM. Nexia, HHM.
MopaBij A HiM. CIIneia.
KI 4-oft CJoBHHCKiH nacTH IIITHpin, XopyTaHiH, KpaflHu
H IIpUMOpba.
IK 5-of TpieHTHHO, BeHeqia, JloM6apAia.
KE 6-oft jajMania, XopBaTia, CJaBoHia H BoeBsoHHa.
KE 7-of MaAbapcKaa qacTb YrpiH H CeMurpaaiH.
K% 8-oft PyMUHCKaa qaCTb YrpiH, CeMHrpa;iiH H ByKOBsHHn .
14 Bs cBoeft CTaTb6f 0 eeHTpaJIH3M' R% Hpa;cKHIx% HOBH-
Haxb 1849 r. IlajiaKift eme pa38 BepHyjica K'I 8TOMy npoeKTy,
InpHqeM'b TOJLKO OH% coeAHHHJI IiJeMeHHbu rpyuni iorocnaaaH-
CKyIO H naHJIJnpCKyI, BCJItACTBie qero TaKHX% rpynub yme OKa-
sanoch 7 BMCcTO 8.
Kamaa 1 8% rpynu'b AIonHHa 6riia HMI'Tb CBOfI ceM% AH48
AH6npaeMbux% npeAcTaBHTeaeft, caMocTOHsTeJbHO BIlAaioIUift ulKo~iaMH
H CyaJnH H BCtM s ,H pyraHM aBTOHOMHhIMIMH AaaMH (KyJIbTOM-,
8eMJIealtaieMb, npoMMum.beHHOCTbH o H T. n.) H na36paIoinft aeny-
TaTOB% B% CeffM' o6mlenlMepCKift, aeaeraLnio seMcKHXt Hin Ha-
poAHiux% rpyunr, JjI Atji; o6minx%, T. e., OTHOCHTOJIbHO He-
MHorHXb% Ba cpaBHeHiH C% ltJIaMH OTJITabHblX'% cefMOB%. Bo
rmiaBs Kam Iao rpynnl AoaJIeHr% CTOHIT ry6epHaTOp%, KaHgJep%,
HaMtCTHHK%', BHqeRoponb (mistokral) m1A MHHHCTPT, aMt[Omif
roaOCI H BT o6lIeIMnIepcKOM' MHHHCTepCTBh (rAt cBepx% HX%








52


3acaaIOTr MIHHHCTP6I HHOCTpaHHblX' AjJIl, BOeHblif, 4)mHaH-
COBb, ToprOBJIH o6uLeCTBeHHUX' pa6OT%).
HabT 9TOrO BHAHO, qTO IIaJaiKif AOBO.hHO CaMOCTORTebJIHO
BR3arMHHyJI TorPa Ha Bonpoc- o (eiteepaTHBHoM% nepeycTpoftcTB
ABcTpiH, ropaaBo caMoCTorTeJIbHte, qlMbi KaKb OH% nHcaj 'b 06'%
3TOM% Bn0CJItACTBiH, B% 1860-70-xb rolax%, KorAa Ha nepbEuI
nJIaH nocTaBjieHa 6bua miea 4eaepaniH He HapoAHocTelt, a
HCTopHKO-IOJIHTHRqeCKHIx rpynn', c% nerKoft pyKH rp. KIaM
MapTHHana H ;.pyrAx% qeImcKnxtI MarHaTORB, Co6JIa3HeHHhIX'b
B% BTOMb OTHOmIeHin Hj[eaMH 6ap. TBemIa n ycntxaMH MaitbHp'
co Bpe~eHb JIeaKa H BeIfcTa.
BMaCTt crb 9THM% H.3M';HeHieM% Bs'rJIla'OBR (NHJ, no KpaltHeft
Mtpt, noJlTHKRH) IlanarlKaro no Bonpocy o cocTaBHhlJX qaCTHX%
ABcTpitlcKoI peaepaIiH, HtcKOJIb.KO noHnaTHyjICb H ero BsPsrjihA
Ia oTHoneHie CTpot COCJOBHarO 1 8.3eMCKOMy B%' BHIt ycTYnOK-%
Teo&a.sHOft CTapnHH H 3ena iaM nosBOqemcKofB maIXTU. Ho
MTa CBH3. He ycHaHia HH IajiaiRKaro, HN qeuicKaro HapoAHaro
Jaa, KOTpoe CO BpeMeHH KOHCTHTyniH HnolJio BCe xyme, oco-
6eHHO C7 BBeAenia ABCTpo-BeHrepcKaro Ayajr3Ma BS 1867 r.
TTH BHyTpeHHiS Heyfaq'H CoAiUCfTBOBaJIH nOCTelleHHOMy oTpeasBjeHio
IBana Raro OT rptXOBxo pyccojo6in, KOTOpue MUI OTMiTHJIM B%
HeOM B-s 1848-49 rr. BL 1863 r. IIanauKift aame paao-
rmeanc co MHOFHMH Hn' CBOHX14 ApyBeft H3 -38 nojiCKO-pyccKaro
Boupoca, BaI KOTOpOM' OH%'b IIPnHHMaJb CTopOHy He InoJnKOBs,
BonpeKH 60JIIIUHHCTBy qemcKaro, Aa R1 Boo6ie KaTOJIlHecKo-
ciaBHHKearo o6pao0BaHHaro o6iMecTBa. IByHT% 18.63 r. HaiTaqrKi
C'IrTai% caMoy6fiiTBOMb IIOJIAKOB'h. BTO npHBeno Aame Ka pas-
x UJIeHiK) qermcKaro o6irIecTBa H nelqaTH Ha CTapoIqeuIKyIO (c,
IIa.aanKH,%, PnrepoM%, BpayHepOM% so ruaBa) H MiaAoqelucKyio
(CaaaRKOBcKif, rperpp), KOTopoe He Hcqeswao H Ao HacTosHIaro
BpeMeHH.
B, C6opHRHKt UOJIiHTHqeCKHX'L CTaTef: ,,Idea status Ra-
kousk6ho", IIanailKit He TOJ LKO BblcKasLIBaeTCH c0 emie 6oIbImeft
OHeprieft npOTHA'b a6co0ni)Tn3Ma H (jeoaaJIn3Ma, He TOJLKO paTyeT%
3a npaso CJaa nBHH pWas3BaTl, CBO HapOAHOCTL B% ABCTpia C%







53

TaKOft ;Ke CBO60fAOI, KaK% 8DTO jiai'iaOT' HtMIhU, HO 1H SHBJIfeT%,
HTO, BCTynaacl BL 1848 r. 3a ABCTpiIO, OHt npelionaran% Ba%
Hefl MaTh, a He Mawxy ei HapoAOB'b; ecnJ me -STO Ipeanojo-
-;eHie He B'pHO, TO H BbIBOW 1' 3'% HerO aOJKieH'hL TL BS3rT%
HasaaJ,. BMtCTe c% ThM% OH% pas8%CHH{eT%, qTO, TaK% KaKL
C'. 1848-49 P. reorpa qecKo-DTHOrpatqJecKi OCHOBs ABCTpiH
BHOBb KOHCOJHiHpOBaJIHCL, TO TenepB Hea.LSa yKe ee nepecTpoHTb
Ha nlJeMeHHux%, a paSB'b Ha HCTOpHKOHOHJHTHMeCKHX% OCHOBaHiaxi%.
jyajiH8a IIajauKif cqHTaeT% enie 6oite rf6eJjiHblM AJIR
AncTpia, WM% IeHTipaJI3auiIo: aTo-ae ABa IeHTpajHMa~- Ht-
MetnKit MHaaLIpcKifl, a ,Ba 3Jia xyI e q;M% OAHO!
IIpA genepaTHBHOi nepecTpofIKt ABCTpin IIaJiaiKift COBt-
TyeT%, OTHOCHTenbHO paeMelBaHHi cyep% ,IeHTpanbHaro
o6jacTHoro ynpaBHenia, jrepmaaTbca cTapoBerirepCKof KOHCTHTyIiH:
B% qeM'h HejIbi3 6ljIo H3]jiaBHa OTKasaTb BeHrpin, TO aoJI2KHO-le
6u Tb npeaocTaBjeHo H npoH HM ABCTpiftCKAHM' o6jacTrM%.
EcJI me cjaBHHHe He InojyqaTr%-Ie Ba ABCTpiR paBHO-
npaBHOCTH, TO CyMtIOT% yCTpOHTbCS H 6e38% Hea 06o OHH 6hujiH
H Ao ABCTpin, 6ypyT% H nocjit Hes.
IIOAb BjinlHieMn aTHX% TaafKeaux% pasoqapoBaHift, oco6eHHO
co BpeMeuHH gyajnaMa rIaJInLKifif saiHe CTaaJI% yMaTh O06% OTHO-
mieHiax% CBoero HapoAa KR CJ1aBHHCTBy H Poccia M ptHImnJca
BMCT'e C% cBOHMn sa8TeM% PHrepoM% npelnpaHHlTb notsaK y Bs
C.-IleTep6ypr% H MocKBy Ha sTHorpapHqecKyo BsbCTaBKy a
coIIpoBom.iasBuri ee o61mecjiaBHsHCKii cat e 1867 r. H43% HCTOpiA
3TOrO CetBHRa HarIeIaTaHO BT Pam. cTp. 137 BocnOMHHaHie
A. O. IIaTepa annHoxa, HM'Biiaro MICTO npH npoMaHiH 11aJIaai-
Karo C L neTep6yprcKHMH 3HaKOMMH : 15 iLoai npH npoulaibHOM%
sarTpaKt B'L C.-IIeTep6yprt B% BenbBmo IIaJIiaiKif OT%' HMeHH
cUaBflHCK4HX% rocTell 6iaroaapHir s3a rocTenpiHMCTBO H noAHaJI%
3ApaBHnAy BO cJaBy Be HKaro pyccKaro HapoAa. 31paBHia,
npOH3HeceHHafi tIo-qeuicKH 6bija npHHfTa c0% oAymeBJIeHieM%.
B% 3TO BpeMa 1'n8% petau co6ecljtHKOB% BbICTyIIMnHJI HeaaMt-
qeHHft. HaMH pa-Hte onieep%, MOryqaro cjiomIeHi, C% HCKpa-
UIHMHCsI raS3aMH H c opAenawnM Ha rpyaiw. IIpH6rHjnaHBn HC K%
5


1(








54

ITanaiJOMy, of CTaJIu rOBOpHTb C' B0opacTaioqHMi oAyme-
BjeHieMb, HO TaiK 6hucTpo, TO IIajianKit 3aTpyjHajICa nOHaTb
ero pyccK~yo ptb. Ho qyBCTBo ero npo6Bsajoce Bee cHMLHaie,
HaaneKTpHBOBbiBaa Bctxb npHcyTCTBylO HX'L, H KorPa HaKOHeIi'b
pyccKift odm4qepa, BbXBaTHB' 1438 HO0IeHI. JIHHHUIf Me'lb, BO-
cKIHKHyan: ,,tu me defends calamo, ego te defendam gladio'',
TO IIaailaifi Bt BOJIHemHi o6Haji 0 ero H TpMa[bI nousl'noBanb.
OdPHlep, a8TOT 5 6uj1a A4pHKaHOBHaR-TepeHTbeB%, OAHH' M 7,
repoeB KIaBRa3cKHxL H a1iaTCKIIHIX BOfH%".
HylHO 3aMtTHTb, Bnpose'%, HTO noAo6Haro poAa pftu
pyccrHxi aioAeif, B' KOTOpbuxb Poccif npeacTaBssIaacb KaK'b 6u
pyKOIO cJIaBHHCTBa, a P'exisi ero rOJIOBOlO, HMtJIH H BpeLHoe
BjiaHie, noTOMy ITO yTBepman1KI IIalariKaro, 1 MHOrPX' Apy-
rHxa 'exoB% Ba MhICJIc ITO B% Mipt HAeft Poccia He npelt-
CTaBJsneT'% JJIa HHX% 4 Boo6Ie aji cJnaBHHb HH14elO CBoeo6pa8Haro
H nojIeBHaro 1 ITO CJitOBaTejiHO OHa IpH3BaaHa KaK1L aOHUlHt
TaK%' H Brpeb HrpaTL pOJIb IIIKOJIbHRKa He TOJIbKO nO OTHOlleH1IO
KT 6oJ0aIniMT- KyJIbTypHbIM'b HapOAaMT 3anaAa, HO H HX' BTOpo-
CTeIeHHM' HHIM HKaM, KaKHMIH np1XOiHJIOCb 6blTb B' TeqeHie
MHOrPHX% BtKOBb nOJIIBKaM%, qexaM', CJIOBeHuLaM%, XOpRaTaM,.
9Toro poya npeApaacyIAaMH o6IqCHJIeTCa m norn iITKa 1IajiaLKaro
Cb PHrepoM% BO BpeMH MOCKOBCKaro cJaaBMHCKaro ctaaa 1867 roAa
HpIHMHPHTb pyCCKHX% Cl nHOJIKaMH. Ho TaML HaXOAHJIHCb JIAH,
KOTopue xopomUo a3HnaJ CyTb pyccKO-noJIbKaro Bolpoca, KaK'b,
Hanp., KH. JepKaccKiI, IOp. CaMapMHa IIB. AKcaKOBa, M. KaT-
KOB%; OHH pa3siacHaH IIJajiaIKOMy H ero eAHHOMhlmlJeHHHHKaMb,
HTO MeeKfy pyccKHM% H II OIbhCHM HapoUOM, HIT% BpatKAm, a
eCTb TaKoBa~ B' cpeAt nolbCKaaro KaHmpa n nHOIbCKO III.mXTEu,
BOO061ie, HOJbCKORf HHTeJIJIHPeHIliH, KOTopaa 3aaajacb MbhCJIbIO
OTOpBaTb He TOJLbKO nOJlbCKilf Hapoli), HO H OJIOBHHy pyccearo
OT'b TI'X Ky~lbTypHbIX% KOpHel, Ha KOTOphlX'b nOCIni AHit Ha3-
AepeBae pa3BHBaeTCH, KOTOphbe CBfSlIBaIOT' ero cM b AlIHTeJIbHOCTbIO
CB. IKHpHJa n Meeooda, CB. IIpoKona, CB. CaBbE, I. ryca,
IepoHaMa IIpa;cKaro H1 MHOxeeTBa ApyrHxa BejHKIAx HOAnoBHK-
HHKOB' cJIaBaHCKaro upomnaro.


1 I,










Ha MOCKOBCKOM'b cat 8t 31 MaS .1867 r. 8aTb Inaiai Karo
PHrep, nuITaJICH qaaTb o6imecnaBHHCKoe npwaHaHie H ocBtmeeie
TOMy BBarJIahy Ha (OopMh KynbTypHHOA BSaHMHOCTH ca2aBRfiH (Ba
qacTHocTH B' Bonpoce o6lnecaasaHcKaro JiHTepaTypHaro aSbIuKa),
KOTopEMt ncerAa noAfepaKHBanCca IaIaia HM'L H ero eAIHHOMhlIJeH-
HHKaMH B' TlexiI H ApyrHX' cJaBsHcrcKHX'L CTpaHaxa.
,,CjaBssHCKiH Haptqin, CKasaja PHrepb, TaKb 6IH8KH Melay
co6oft, Two, 6yA. Ha TO Bo~aL BOJIJ, MU CTa~H 6h OAHHML Ha-
poAOM' no JHTepaTypt H I38bKy. Ho BorP H ThIOHIqeJITHHH
HCTopiR cyA1HJH IHa'e. Pa3AJIeHHhe no pa8HUM% KpaHMIL H
pa&6Tume Ha OTA~fAHhl.H HapOAHOCTH Mi AOJUaHbu 6bIJI HTTH
KawgllIU CBoeft aoporo ... yMaio, 1TO npH HaHjy~nIeMurL me-
naHiH HeJih3a yMe 3a6hlTb CBOei TucHIqejitTHef HCTOpiH. Bce,
qero Mb, cjiaBaHe, MOKmeMb AocTHrHyTb, DTO e6HHeHie B'% )Iyxt
H JIIOiBM, BTO TBeppoe naMaTOBaHie, HITO MIU ATH O fHORI MaTepw,
H KaKt 6paTbmI pH3BaHuI BsaHMHo noMoraTlb ApyrF pyry BR
HauHIxHx yCHaiFI'b. IIoaKH HM$InH cBoero KonepHHKa H MH~-
KeBHqa, cep6u JyymaHa a ryHUHyjiHa, pyccIie HecTopa H
JIOMOHOCOBa, HO o6iue c~IaBHHCKOft HayRI, oHiHBeJIHHOi OAHHM'I
AyxOM', MU eiie He nHMtfJ. Mu qyBCTByeML, 'TO BTO ocaa6naIo
Hac- B h npomeAmeMb. A MeHeIty ThM%', iKaK% MiJaAmini 143
MipOBhIX' HapoAOB'%, MU CKOpo 6yAeMw npHBsaH6 IIPHHHaT aKTHBHOe
yqacTie Ha uonpmit BceMipHaro Tpyjia ..... Ho KaK' HaM'L
npHHaTbccl aa ero coBepimeHie? IlepeA'L HaMH OTKpuThI B'b BTOMr
OTHromeHi ABJ AoporH: MU AoLoHU H36paTh r m6o noJIHoe eaHH-
CTBO, jiu60 pa3Hoo6pa.ie B, rapMOHiA. OT% ptmeHia BTorO BO-
npoca aaBHcaRT cyAb6a Bcero cJIaBHHCTBa. IIpH ETOM'L HeBOJIHO
BCnOMHHarOTCi rpeKH, KOTopue npH Bceem pa3nsqiH CBOHX't Ha-
.pt~ift Bo8pocTHJI oAHaKO pocKOIHlUe IqBTblt o6pa8OBaHHOCTH.
IB+TLIa TOR ApeBHerpesecKOt o6pa30BaHHOCTH pas3BBaJiHCb B%'
IIOjHOM'm pasoo6pasii .... BOTTL nyT, no KOTopOMy Aoamano
aBHraTbca H. cjaBSCTBO. BUhTL no OeTb, MHorie npeaunojH 6W
CJIHTbCa ToIJIOM1% H AyxOM'l B% OAHO alJioe, HO TLIIcqef'JITHlHI
HCTOpia He CTIpaeTcn 6escAjtHO ... .. TOrO MHtHiH, qTO pas-
JlHqie qacTeft He HCKj~OlraeTb eTAHHCTBa: ero HyxHO HCKaTb B'L
5*


i


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56

rapMOHiH Bctxt qacTet . ECJHn 6h BC'e MOCKOBCHie KOJOKOJIa
CJIHTb Ba oAiHH rpoMaAH lA KOjIOKOa, eiIe 6ojibiae HaaHa BeJH-
Karo, TO 3ByK'b 9TOPO KOJiOKOJIa 6oraThup 6mn-6u, KOHoeHO,
CHjeHr, HO BineqaTJIHie ero He 6bJIO 6h IIpiHTHof- rapMoniefi
KOJIOKOJIbHbX'b 3ByKOB'b, BO3B'IIRaIOIIHX%' niacxabJHyiO ayTpeHIO".
PHrep np1I4 sTOMb He BCnoMHHJI%, qTo eCT H ,KOJIOKOJIbHLIf
naTpioTHw3M", KOTOpubf He pacrIpocTpaHSeTCH -Aajte csoero npl-
xofla H KOTOpbfl IfnIXO rapMOHHpyeTT, c' noTpe6HOCTfHMH Hauiero
BpeMeHH, KorAa HapoAbI co6paanHcC BsI rpoMaAHnj rocypapcTaa,
rpoMaJ Hbe asHKH, rpoMaALHhi KyjibTypu, BH 60pb6t Ce' KOTO-
puM e HeH36'taHO najeTT KaKAU t cjiaBsHcKiIf naTpiOT%, cJaBsHacKift
Hapotb, cJIaBRHCKift HS3IK', KOTOpulft 6yAeT'b onHpaTbCH Aiinrb Ha
cesa. qexH MOran 6h, iiomaJIy#, BbIAtepmaTb 6opb6y Cb caKcaMH,
)paHKaMH, mBa6aMH, aBCTpiaKaMH Br OTAIjJIbHOCTH, HO C'b ofbejH-
HeHHMbMH HBI3KOM%, pejIrieft, rocyaapcTBOM' HtMMaMM OHH
6opOTbcS He MOryTb. C' 50 MHJIJIiOHaMH H14MLeB'b MOIKeT' 60-
pOTbLCa JHmb 100-MHJIJiOHHOe CJIaBHHCTBO BT, qraOM', ecJIH OHO
ycndeeTr opraHH3OBaTbCH Brb KaKOe-HH6yAlb HpaBCTBeHHOe jtioe,
cKptnleHaoe He OjIHM 'I naeMeHHb]M% qyBCTBOMW, HO H KaKHMI
HH6yAL o61HMH KyJIbTypYH'lIMH CTHXiJMII.
'exami noAo61Haa 6opb6a ThM% TpyAHie, ITO OHH ;KHByT'b
qyTb He B% cepAIt repMaHiH, OKpyKeHHbue Cb Tpexrb CTOPOH'
fpoquo 8aceneHHbIMH H'eMeQKRHMH o6JIacTTMH H TOjbKO qpe o Mo-
paBilO H CJIOBa qHy etle Koe-KaK%', HO OeOHb cna6o CBH3aHHue
TeppHTOpiaJIbHO C'l O6aacTaMH cjaBaHCKHMH. IIOHHTHO, HTO npl
TaKOMr noJnomeniH lexiI repMaHia Cq4TaeT% ee csoelf HeH3-
6ah0Ho a;o66bqel, HTO He pas3b sa 8BJIHJocb H Bsb H'IMeUKoft nelaT4H.
IlaJiagKOMy BIn 1868 r. npHxoAl JIOC' Aame onpoBepraTb, noxo6Hoe
yTBepmafeHie Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (OTS HMeHH rp. BeftcTa)
CCubIKO)I Ha TO, HTO, 6yityqH OcHOBaHa Ha HapOAHOM'i. Haaqant,
repMaHii He M0MeT, CTpeMHTbca K% npHCoeAHHelilo CTOJib He-
BOHHCTBeHHaPO, HO caMOCO8HaiOlmarO H tHCTopHqeCKaro Hapo7a,
RaKbi qexH. HaRoHe ll Br noijO06HOMb IIOJIOXeHiH B' cyJIqa
paarpoMa ABCTpin HaxosnHJicb 6u H MaAbHplp, nIIOJIKH, xop-
BaThr, BCeIAcTBie qeroo o ocjromiaJocb 6ui MeemyHapO)AHbuMH








57

aHTaronfHi3MaMH H unorao noJIYqHTh coBepIlueHHO HHoe ptueHie,
qtM' Ha KaKoe pascqiHThBaIOT HstMJI.
Koroa BO8HHKJIa TpaHcaefITaHia n UlHcIcJieiTaHia H H3Mst-
HHJIHCbh CTOpHKOHOIIHTHqecKiq OTHOHIIeHiHa exiH K-I HiiMepiH
ra6c6yproBb, IIaJlaiqri coB'TOBaJIn seMJIaHKaM He HTTH B'b
B'HCKift peflxcpaT%, HTO6hI He OCBSITHTL CBOHM% B% HeM' UHpH-
CyTCTBieM' 6e8aaKOHifi ayaJHMMa. Ho 3Ta IaCCHBHaF IIOJIHTHKI
He Morna Aoa.ro yAepmaTbcH, noTOMy WTO Bs% NexiH HauIJnob He
MaIo onnopTyHncTOBs%, KOTOphle CIHTaIH Hey0o6HumM nH3m-3a
InpHHIHIIHOB OTKa3aTbhC OT'b HtKOTOpUIX% BIurOA aKTHBHOI
IIOJIHTHKI pco6eHHO AJIH AenyTaTOB,. Eme pasg HaAe;iAa Ha
aBCTpificKyIO cnpaBe asHBOcTb OMHMBHJIacb B' HeMs BS 1871 r.,
Kor)a PoreHBapTr yrosopaHL HMnuepaTopa K0poHOBaThbCa qemcKoio
KopoHoio. Ho CKOpo ForeHBapTT% Hana, a C% HHM'b H BTOTa
iupoeKT', H ABCTpo-BeHrpia Bce TtCHte cTana nIIpHMHKaT KH
repMaHil. Cr, TtX% nop' IIajiaIKiii OROHHaTeJILHO YCTpaHHJICa
OT% IIOJIHTHKH H, aaseplmaHB 1 CTOpiIO 0o 1526 r., 3aHRnJca a-
flaHieMs Radhost'a, Ba ,JLCocOBt" K'L KOTOPOMy BucKasaa3J oMeHb
nIeccHMlHCTHMecKiti BSIHJIq Ha ABCTpiIO) Ha InoioeHie qeXOB'L,
CqHTaa HXIi 6y5AytRHOCTi o6eaneqeHHoIo nHim6 B' TOM' caytat,
ecaH OHH 6yAyT'b TpyAHuThc Y H yqTLChC B' CTporo-HIalioHaJILHOMI
HallpaBaeHin. BOJILIHMM% a8JIOM H1 yIrpO3K010 A HapOIHaro
cyitecTBOBaHia qeXOBs' CMHTaeTb OH'b pas8BTie B% HeM% aTeHCTH-
KecKaro HHTepHaIioHaJIH Ma, a TaKate KOMMyHH3SMa H C0iiaJIH8Ma,
HaCKOa1bKO nOCJItaAHif paBBHBaeTCa He Brs 1yxt nepBo6oTHo-
xpHCTiaHCKoM%, KaL H'L oria b 06w I HHi qeiiiCKHxr 6paTeBL.
PaBBHTie IIaHTeIHMa H MaTepiajHasa B'b HOBYIO Iopy IlalaijKif
CqHTaeTrb IpH3HaKOM% oi4qaHilH H1 BulPOX0teHim; COBHaeTciT, qTO
B' noJIHTuHecKof lCBoeift ILTeHbHOCTH OH'% AOIInyTH'JI OAHy
KpyIIHyI) omH6Ky: )IOBapie Kr% paayMHOCTH H cupaBeLJIHBOCTH
HtMeaMB'h! ,H3BtCTHOe MOe BupateHie: ,,ecjiH 6u ABCTpiH He 6ujIo,
TO MU AO.TI3KH 6h JI 6ui nocKopte aaHITbcaf o6paaoBaHieM% ea",
6uio ocHOBaHO Ha npeluojomHeHim, aaRe Ha TBepAOMru y6t aeniHiH,
qTO B a9TOM'% C0108t OCBaO60M eHHUh Xi HapOAOBr BupeAb 6yfeT,
rocuOACTBOBaTb cnpaBeAJInBocTb, 1H60, KaKi' CKaaajij 6iaam.


- *







58

ABrycTHH%, De civ. dei XXII remota justitia quid sunt
regna nisi magna latrocinia? Mor-ni a i aymaTb, YT06uI nIIO
rocyzapenM, KoToparo eBa4soM'L 6Ljio: Justitia regnorum funda-
mentum .. ., MN MoraH nepefrTH H43 noxo a6COJIOTHIMa rocy-
aaps noiTl a6co0H0IoTM'b eiie 6ofie meeCTOKi# nolOA' lHKTaTypy
HenpiasHeHHaro HaM' nIIJeMeHH? TTO HtMLbI 6yjyT'% TOiKOBaTh
0 CBO60ot H KOHCTHTyIqiH, a Ha lJIt TOJILKO CTpeMHTbCeI K%
BIacTH HaAL ApyrHMH? TITO OHH 6yAyTT nupeBHOBocHTL upasa
aIoAei, a nonHpaTb HoraMH npaBa HapoAOB%? fITO aAaHie cBoero
rocyaapcTBeHHaro npaBa OHH 6yAyTr coopymaTL Ha a~iH H 6e3-
CMEacan~I? 'TO OHH npoBoarjaacaTa paBHoe npaBo Aaa BCtx%,
KpOMte CJIaBHH%, Ha KOTOpIX'b JBOKHTCH TOJIhKO aOJr'B nOBHHOBeHiHJ
CjimKOMI 83ano3AaaiiM'% HBJIHeTC HX'L npeAnonoeeHie, 'TO IJIa
Hac% co6CTBeHHaa HapoAHOCTI He 6yljeT% HacjitaieM CTOJIm ae
AparonbHHHuM', KaK' IIJIq HHXI ... .."
IIalanaift ouJIaKHBaeT'L naieHie y HIMBeB' o06iecTBeHHOR
upaBCTBeHHOCTH nOA'l BJif8HieM 6 AeMopaJHsoBaHH0ot JKypHaaHCTHKH
H ZKHeOBCIuX'b ,IIIMOKOBI%", AJLI KOTOpUX% He CymOeCTByeT'b HAHer
BscoKaro BT Mipt HpaBCTBeHHOM'b, HHqerO BeJIHKOniymHaro H
PblapCKH qecTHarO, HHxIero HETopuqecKaro, a onHHTa onUopTy-
HH3M%' H cpe6poao6ie. O MaAhbfpax% me roBopHaT, qTo ecai
OHH H BspeJA 6YayT% BeCTH ce6a, KaKb IryKH B% npyaI,, TO
Ka' KOHIy BTOPOro TucaHqeJitTiH He OCTaHeTCH HH OAHOrO 110-
TOMKa, KOTOphLl 6l S3axOTfeJIb H Morn COBepUIHTb HaA'b HHMH
TpHBHy. lHaKOHegR OHw POBOPHT% 0 PocciH, BCnOMHHaeT' 0
CBoei nota0KAt BE MOCKuy H co3HaeTCa, ITO He BHAHT'L yme
HHKaKOfl Oa&CHOCTH CO CTOpoHu MUHMot y~HBepcanbHoi pyccKOf
MOHapxin. K% TaKOBOiR pyccrie IOJIHTHKH BOBCe-Ae He CTpe-
MaTCH, a TOJILKO K'L TOMy, qTo6hl OHH He 6hubIH OKpymeHbI Ha
aanaAit AepmaBaMH cjinkouMHL CHJILHbMH H BpamAe6HbIMH PocciH.
Cnop'b pyccKo-noJIcKifc KaKR-HH6yAih 3aKOHIHTCHI Oiio BJniaHieM'%
HCTHHHOCJIaBIHCKarO flyxa. BOHHCTBeHHOCTL pyccKaro HapoAa
H ero IeHTpaJIH3aaiHf BbU3BaHbI- e HeO6XOAHMOCTbIO: 6e3'b HHX'
H He B03HHKJIO-6ht MoryieCTBeHHOe pyccKoe rocytapCTBO! Ho
Tenepb, KorPa OHO yme KOHConJHlMpoBaJioc, B03BpameHie ero K'-








59

MHpoJIIO6HBLMln cTpeMjieHiHIM% CJaBJIHCTBa 6hiuo 6 6 jaroA'TTejibHo
He TOJIbKO Jas pyccKHL, H HOH j JIH Bcero ieJOBi3teTBa.
MeqTu me o6I o6paaoBaHli aH3iKa o6mecxaBaHcKaro Ia-
jajain cqHTaeT% OAHHMH MeqTaMH, H6o qexH He AJnJI Toro-e
6opoJIcl 1000 JIAtT sa CBOIo HapoojHOCT, 'To6bI OTpeUhca OT%
HeHH BO HMH KaKHIX 6Eu TO HI 6hIJIO KpaCHuiX% CIOB,.
OTHOCHTTeJIHO jIaJHILHtIaro OTHOmleHifi HIeXOB'% K ABCTpiM
IIaiagKifl BiuKaShIBaeT% COMHtHiaH BLT oJLymeBBeHHOM% CJIyJeHiH
nocjtaHeA, nOCJat CTOSaLKHX pa8onapOBaHifl. BT 6yAylmuHOCTb
ABCTpiH OH% He BtpHTLb-ae CL TtX% nOp%, KaKR HtMIl l H
Ma7apbs catajiaa ee rpy6oi nHJeMeHHofi JecnoTieit.
Ho H IroA' BaacTbio PocciN HJIH IIpycciH qexH He TyBCTBO-
BaJIH 6bi-Ae ce6i yAOBJIeTBOpeHHLIMH, O60 no npaBy H CTapHHt
XOTaITb 6lTb nHOAq4HeHLI TOJbKO CBoeMy co6CTBeHHOMy npaBH-
TenJCTBy H cBoeMy rocyaapio.
KpoMt TorO ITanaiaif$ pas3JiHaeT% oTHomneHia qexOB'a, Cb
OIaHOft CTopOHhl, K% pyccKOMy IIpaBHTeJCTBy, a c% apyroi -
K'a pyccKOMy Hapoty. IlepBoe AOBOJILHO paBHolymnHo 6biuo Ao-
HblHi K'b cyAb6fiaM'L exOB', HO CO BTOPLIM% qexOB% CBHabaBaJI
KaKoe-TO oco0eHHoe BHyTpeHHee cpOACTBO, oco6eHHO no oTHomieHiho
1K BApt in 6orociymKeHiio. H13a BTorO He cajyeT%-Ae, HTO qexH
MOryT'b nHPHHsTb paBoc.aBie HJIH XOTH 6h TOJILKO IKHpH4IJIOBCKyIO
rpa4)HKy. Ho H 6e8, aTOro sexHn pyccKie MoryT%-Je iio6HTbCH
H 06if1HMH CHJIaMH CJIOMHTb ropIHHimo HaMIjeB%, nocnt qero caa-
BHHCTBO OKaReTca-lIe no6tfaTeaeMw 6oate cnpaBeCAnHBbMML H
6Jiar'opOAHbUM% iM MOHPORL, MaAbflp%, HtMei'L.
B, 1873 r. IIajaUKi t HanHcaar eine OAHy CTaTIO B'
Reform B' OTBtT% MaKymeney Ha Temy o 6nHo30pyKOf nHO0ITHK14
qerosM, Upqse a IIajIaKifi FOBopHTT: ,,eciHH 6M MbI AOJa1HI
OhJIH nepecTaTb 6mTb qexaMH, TO HaM' 6bIJI 61 6e3pa3jiHqHO,
CTaHeM% nJ MuI TorPA HtMIQaMH, HTaJI HIHIaMH, MaAffbpaMH HJIH
pyCCKHMH". Ho qexi coxpaHHaTT CBOIO HapOAHOCTh, IIOKa CaMH
6yayT'L Toro XOTtTb. B' TOMa me rofy IHafaaiKiif c PirepoMb
orjIacHJI4H anHcKy o npHI4'qaxa CBoef naccHBHoIf onInoaI3inH.
TyT% OHR HCTIHB1aeTT Ha rocyAapCTBeHHOM% IpaBst exin, Ha


I -r








60

juHHaCTHecKoA eI yHni c% ABcTpiefi, Ha a8aqeHiH aToro npaBa
.as qeuImcKo HapoAHOCTH, KOTOpaa cylteCTBOBaia paHte aBCTpifl-
CKOt HR MO2KeTr nepeMHTb ee.
IIocjaRr1Hio nOJIHTHqecKylo CTaTbho I alaaKa'ro npeAcTaBJiaeTrs
ero nocJ$cioBie KI c6opHHKy MeJIKHIX HMei~KIK4x CTaTeiR Ge-
denkblatter, nH3aHHOMy B' 1874 r. OH'L TyTrb s3jaraeTrb, qTO He
Mo7teTs BtpHTb Bas cIpaBe~IAI4BOCT H'eMIeBs IIOTOMy qTO Ba
HX% HICTOpiH KpacHO1R HIHTbh THHeTCH CTpeMJeHie yCHJIHTbCH Ha
creTs Apyrl4X' HapoAOBa, npi nooIMOH TO ieHTpainaaliH, TO
ia6epajibHaro ,ryM6yra". CBo6oAy HtMALI OXOTHO npuHHMaiOTr
Torja, KorAa oHa AaeTT HMs npHBHMijieriio rocuoaCTBOBaTI Haji'
apyrHMH. 'Io HX'h MHlHilH, CBo6o1a -- yAfltJ HtMI6eBs, pa6cTBo-
cJiaBaHs. By&vqya apxijiH6epaJIHbI, HIMILbI CqHTaIOT'l H8IJIHImHHM'
6 hlTb cnpaBeA~HBHIMH. Ilocit 1848 r. OHH nepentHHaJI JIHau
jUHIHOCTb aBTOKpaTopa: npemAe TaKOBlUML 6liJIL HMegUKiaf rocy-
aapb, Tenepb HtmMeiLKift Hapoas. BtiHKif napjiaMeHTTS He IIpH-
3HaeT's ermcKaro KopoJfeBCTBa, a JimuHb emucKii ienapTaMeHT-
I]J4cnejTaHia Ho qexHl HHMaKIof IA HOR He npo~laAyTs l paBs
nepBopoAcTBa Bs seMj espeitcKo-H-Me6iKOMy HKOBy.
Eme OLHHsb pas' KocHyJICHa IIajiaKiif DTHX'L BOIlpocoBs
23 aup. 1876 r. upH TOp;KecTBl no ciyqaio OKOHqaHni ero
,,jIt4H'", npHI qeMs cKasaJl: ,,Haiur HapoA'b B' BeA HeKOIR
ouacHOCTH: OTOBcIOA OH'S oKpy;eHTH HenpiaTeaJIMH, HO H B
HeM'b He OTHqaIBatOCb, a Btpro, HTO OHS BOCTOpKeCTByeT'b, ecJH 3a-
xOHeTr'. HO UTO XOTIHie 9OJKHO BEIpamaTbCH He B' CJIOBaXr, a B'
TpyAI, caMooTsepmKeniH Ha aJiTapt HapOIHOCTH ... MB AJ.OJHbI
o6pasoBaTbca IH AtICTBOBaTb HO BeJIlHiHMS' yMa o6pao3BaHHaro".
HaKOHeg%, 30 aup. 1876 OHn ornacMab nIHCbMO K' HapoAy,
rPt roBopHTr: ,HKHTO TaKbL He paAyeTs MeHa Ha 3aKaTt AHefl,
KaIKr Ha6aIAeHie, TO qyBCTBO 14 co3HaHie HapOIHOCTH 1 COJIM-
AapHOCTH CJIaBIHCKOI ulpo6yA IJIOCb KaKbH y Hacn, TaKhi y
HaiiHXs 6paTeBea Ha CtBept H lort cs TaKOR CHJIOi, qTO HaM'b
Heqero onacaTbCH Bo3pacTaiormeI CBHptIIOCTH HenpifTejnei, -
THbMb 6oAte, HTO cJIaBHHe, He 3eJiaH TeplnTb 061mH, OT% HHIO-
poIpeBs', caM4 Hxa OGL06 aTb BOBCe He CTpeMfTCH".




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