• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Main
 Back Cover














Title: Sbornik Ucheno-literaturnago obshchestva pri Imperatorskom ëiìur§ evskom universitetëiìe
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076228/00001
 Material Information
Title: Sbornik Ucheno-literaturnago obshchestva pri Imperatorskom ëiìur§ evskom universitetëiìe
Physical Description: 22 v. : ; 24 cm.
Language: Russian
Creator: Ucheno-literaturnoe obshchestvo pri Imperatorskom ëiìur§evskom universitetëiìe
Publisher: Tip. K. Mattisena
Place of Publication: ëIìur§ev
Publication Date: 1898
 Subjects
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: T. 1 (1898)-t. 22 (1916).
General Note: Description based on: T. 3 (1900).
General Note: Latest issue consulted: t. 5 (1902).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076228
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 16017317

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page v
    Main
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
        Page xi
        Page xii
        Page xiii
        Page xiv
        Page xv
        Page xvi
        Page xvii
        Page xviii
        Page xix
        Page xx
        Page xxi
        Page xxii
        Page xxiii
        Page xxiv
        Page xxv
        Page xxvi
        Page xxvii
        Page xxviii
        Page xxix
        Page xxx
        Page xxxi
        Page xxxii
        Page xxxiii
        Page xxxiv
        Page xxxv
        Page xxxvi
        Page xxxvii
        Page xxxviii
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
        Page 191
        Page 192
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 203
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
        Page 208
        Page 209
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
        Page 216
        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
        Page 225
        Page 226
        Page 227
        Page 228
        Page 229
        Page 230
        Page 231
        Page 232
        Page 233
        Page 234
        Page 235
    Back Cover
        Page 236
Full Text
-, -~ *~:; 4


" *ICBOPHI-IWB.
I '. I i

' *i : H-- ". "', C:Q

o4ieCHHTDTVDH

e ; ; 'B ;


_.1 ; . _
I *'i I 1* C r r *






pe c "cKaw "HB ""HTeT'i
3 .F .' *


^ ,. .:. V .. % ,,I t. .


1 1


K.
.! ':- i


.* **J
~ ,'r. A.


'"
i::i




I-i:
v

~ii-. ' i :
.. :.
I-

::I
';A
~'t
s


i"l
r"r r I

rL-'~
1,
1 .1
.P~+n~






.. "~~
el
i~. .!f




1.


.- .

;A-. /* (






CBOPHHK'b

YieHo- JiHTepaTypHaro

OG6iecTBa
npH

HMIIEPATOPCKOMIT
IOpbeBCBOMi YHHBepCHTeT.


TOMI I.







IOPbEB-b.
THnorpa iA K. MaTTHceHa.
1898.

..






























netaTaHo Ho oipextjieHiIO YIeHo JITepaTypHaro O6nxeTBa npu
HMmepaTOpCKOM'L IOpbeSCBiOMb YHHBepduTeTt.
rlpejcl;AaTem.b O6mecTa: A. B y A 1 Ai 0 B R -b




-tJ










CogepxcaHie.



OT AI a' o 4g I iaj i bH i.

1. ycTaBa O6mecTBa ... ....... . .. VII
2. CaBtAHiR o B03HHKHOBeHiH 06mecTBa H o A1HTeaJIHOCT
ero sa nepBRIfi roab cymecTBOBaHia . . . .. XV
3. OTqeT% o A hTejinHOCTH CoB-Ta 06mnecTBa . .. .XVIII
4. HaBjeqeniea3% s IpOTOKOJIOB' aacnAaHi OI6mecTBa . .. XX
5. OTIeTL no Kacct .. . . . . . .... XXX
6. OTqeTn o cocTOfHiM 6n6aioTeKx . . . . . .XXXI
7. CnacoK tjiAeHoBR O6mecTBa KR 27 anptlA 1898 roaa . XXXI

OTiaJIA HayIHLIii.

I. IpoI. M. E. .Kp a c Ho eH IIpoHcxomAenie capo aTo-
aHnecTBa H IV aHTepHagioHaBLHLRI cTapo aTorHmecxiiR KOH-
rpecc ia BitH . ... ... .. .........
2. Ilpoi. A. H. H c H H c K i fi. emcIcoe CBH)RtTeJbCTBO XIV B'IKa
o pyccKOM- MeTaJInHaecROM-Ib Ipop3BOICTB. . . . 51
3. HIpo). E. B. HI t y x o n JIymHixie Cep6M (JIyKrnaHe) . 61
4. IIpo). A. C. B y n H A oa BH Htcko~xjo saM taHifi o HayqnHof
nocTaHOBKO CniaBaHCIOfl HCTOpin, ea of6eCB, coAepmaHin a
nepioaaxa . . . . . .. ..... . 85
5. IIpo). A. H. 3 c H H c K i fi. CoatfiCTBie sexoB% ycntxamL rep-
MaHH3aniH Ha 6eperax BaJaITifcKaro Mop . ... . . 125
6. IIpop. A. C. B y A nH o B H'. O npUHHHax% rH6eAH 6aaJTificKaro
caaBRHCTBa . . . . . . . . . . 145
7. IIpo). E. B. H1 T y x o B b. 9UHrpaMmaTHiecxiu, caTHpHqecKiA H
myTOH'BhA CTHXOTBOpeHiH M. B. JIoMOHOCOBa ..... 159
8. B. E. a H H n e B H q IyTH coo6meai ojiforixofi semnH 1o
KOHua XIV CT on$Ti ................. 167
9. IIpo(. C. K. Bor y me c i l. HHcKoaKo mbICaiei o CHCTeM-h
ceiAbcKO-XO3HlCTBeHHaro o6paasoaHis Ba Poccin . ... 85
Io. lpo4). H. H. B jia B C K i ft. Pa6.oiie Aoma n anoa Tpynojio6ia 213














i-



























OTAw3n- o)PiuiiaJIbHbIH.


I `






Ha ocuHOBain 29 BHICOCAIAaIIE TyrepumeHHaro
9 SIHBaps 1865 r. ycTaBa HMIIEPATOPCKArO AepnT-
CKaro, mjnt IOpIenecaro, YRHBepCHTeTa.
YTmepataTo 4 MapTa 1897 roAa.
MaaCcTpr HapoAnaro IIpocBatienis,
CTaTcT-CepeTapb: rpaln aL ,ejHOB I.


YCTaBIr
YqeHo JITepaTypHaro 06IIecTBa npn HMIIEPATOP-
CKOM'% IOpLeBCvOM'L YHHBepcHTeTt.

LtJnb 06mgecTea.
I.
06mecTBo HMferT na-Jiio coajRfiCTBOBaTb pa3pa6oTKt H
pacnpocTpaHeHilO 3HaHii Bb o6jiacTH apxeonorin, HCTOpiH, JIHTe-
paTypu H npas]l,, BsaaHMHOMy O6MBHy Mbiciefi no BonpocaM',
OTHOCAHIIHMCH K' ynIOMHIHyTbIM' HayKaMb, a paBHo no TISM-
oTa-MJiaM' 6ionoriH, IOTopue LIMtIOrE conpHKocHOBeHie C'B Ha-
yKaMH ryMaHHTapHbMH H o611eCTBeHHbTMH.

AtHTeAbHoCTb 061qecTBa.
2.
,LJr AocTnHeHii cBoefi L1JIH 06mecTBO HaaHarMaerT 3acdb-
raHia xJIr qTeHni H o6cymaeHiH pe(epaToB'n H coo6meHii no
COOTB-rTCTByIOuIHM- BonpocaM'-, 3a6oTHTCH, no BO3MOcKHOCTH,
o6f HsnaIaHiH CBOHX'- TpylOB-b, o npio6ptTeHiH KHHrbr, pyKO-
nacefi, pas3aro poaa RonJeKuiii H T. H., BXOALHTr, RKaKa BHyTpH
HMFIEPIH, TaKb1 sa rpaHHIefB, BE CHOIIueHiS CEb apyrHMH
O6mlecTBaMH, npecaiayforr UMn rh-we anjn.

3.
061necTBo, no Mtpt B03HHIKalOmeii nOTpe6HocTM, no no-
CTaHOBjileHio 06maro Co6pania, oTRpblBaerb cjaItyionTia OTJi-
nieHiH: I) HcTopHKO- HJIoaJorHqeCKHX- Haywr, 2) iopHaHnecuKHX
H o6IImecTBeHHbIX% HayK-H H 3) negarorHmecKoe. VqeHo-JiHTepa-
TypHb1MH TpyAaMH OTH~MjeHiH 3aHHMaIOTcS, Kxamoe no cBoefi
taCTH, CaMOCTOSITeJIbHO, Bb OCTaJIbHOM' Hme +JliCTByIOTh JIHIIm
Ba cocTaBt Bcero O6uxecTBa.

CocTaBI 061qecTBa m ynpasaeHie ero AtIlaMm.

4.
O6IueCTBO CoCTOHTb H3ab qJeHOB-b noqeTHIX'b, JIIHCTBHTeJIb-
Hux b, qJeHOBb-CopeBHOBaTeefji H qJIeHOBb-CoTpyAHHKOBL.
I*

S''




A


VIII

5.
Bs noqeTHbIe JIeHbI H36HpaIoTcA jnHaa, Ha3B-cTHblT CBOHMH
yqeHbMH HJIH JIHTepaTypHbIMH TpyaaMH, a Tax e BawHbIMH 3a-
cJIyraMH no oTHomeHirO K% HayKaMs, cocTaB jsomuHM% npenMeTr
saHaTifi O6mecTBa. IloqeTHbe qjieHM H36HpalOTcA B'% o06meM%
co6paHiH O6mecTBa, no npeajoioeHiIo He MeHte Tpex% qjieHOBb,
nocpeAcTBOM% 3aKpblTof 6anIioTHpoBKHu, npHneM ania Ha6paHiA
Tpe6yeTci He MeHte IByX% TpeTef ronocoB%. IoeeTHbue qJeHbI
noJb3ayotca BCHMH npasauMH sLIfCTBHTeJIbHbIX% H na BcerAa
OCBoO6OnaaIoTc oTb q~jeHcKaro BSHOCa.
6.
a fiHCTBHTe.bHbIMH' mJeHaMH MoryrT 6bITb: i) aniHa, co-
CTOFInIiH Ha yqe6HOf cnym6t B' YHHBepcHTerT; B% qjieHbl 06-
meCTBa OHH 3aqlHcJI OTcR 6e3% 6ajJIoTHpOBKH, JIHUmb no nHCb-
MeHHOMy 3asBjIeHio npeactaaTejrIo 0 CBoebM% mejaHiH BCTynHTb
B' qnJeHUI; 2) npoin niHa, 3aHHMaiomi cH BXOAIHIHMH B'% Kpyr-
3aHHTif O6muecTaa HayxaMH; OHH H36HpaioTc Bab JIeHbl 06-
mecTBa Bs o6meMu co6paHin, no npeanoJeHilo Tpex qjieHoBa%,
nocpeacTBOM- aaKpubTOf 6aLJnoTHpoBKH, npOCTUiM- 6ojibmHH-
CTBOM% roJIOCOBa. j)IaCTBTeJIbHbIe qeJeHbI ynjiaHnalrTB B a
Kaccy O6muecTBa eweroaHnli aeHeMHhlH B3HOCb B-b pasMtpt,
HasHaMaeMOMO Ha IITHJIdTHifi cpoKR o6mnHM co6paHieM;; He
ynJlaTHBmie B3HOCa Bb TeqeHie XByx- ajtr cqHTarITC5r BbI6bIB-
mHMH H3as qncaja qjieHOB%. 9ToT% eweroAHhlW B3HOC MO{meTh
6bmlTb aMtHeH- eRHHOBpeMeHHbIMa TaKwe HasHaqaeMblM% Ha
nalTHIIimTHif cpoK% o66n HMb co6paHieM% H OCB060owaaOioiHM'
onb eneroAHaro aeHeWHaro B3HoCa.

7.
Bt qjieHbh-copeBHOBaTeJIH H36HpalOTCe, no npeanomeeHio
OAHOro Hs3'L JIeHOB%-, nocpeCTBOM- 3aKpbITo* 6ajIJIOTHpOBKH
npoCTbIM% 6o0aImrHHCTBOM' roJIOCOB%, jimHla, oKa3aBnmiI 06-
IIecTBy 3HaqHTeJIbHblR MaTepiaJIbHbI ycjiyrn. HAjeHb-copeBHO-
BaTejI npIpcycTCTBYIOTb BH co6patHiix% 06mecTBa TonbKO cb.
npaBoM-B coBsltraTeJbHaro ronoca.
8.
Bb qJIeHbI-COTpyHIHHKH Hs36paIOTca TMi mwe nopaAKOM-'
H cS TrMH me npaBaMn, KaK H a jieHhi copeBHoBaTeJIH, JIHua,
npHHMaImoumia yqacTie BH AaUrTeJIbHOCT 06mecTBa CBOMMH Ha-
yqHblMH pa6oTauH.






A
' -
', ,- - ** : .* \ ^ '*






IX

9.
HJieHl-cope'BHOBaTeJIH H l JIeHbl-COTpyAHHKH OCBo6o0RnaIOTC5I
OTr O63aaTeJIbHbIXl- qJIeHCKHX'b B3HOCOB'b.
Io.
YnpaBieHie a-njaMH O6mecTBa npHHaAHeJeHTTb COBATy, B'b
cocTaB- KTroparo sxoaTrb: npeAcBaRaTejia O6mecTBa, TOBapHmul
npejlci;aTejia, ceKpeTapb, Ka3HaieH i KpoM- Toro, eme TpH
ajeHa no H36paHio.
B- cayqaa OTKpblTiS OTfAJIeHi O06mecTBa, B'U qnCJio yno-
MRHyTblX qaJeHOB-b BXORHITh, 6e3 oco6aro Hi36paHin, npea-
cjaTejin oTnajieHifi HJIH HX'L TOBapHmII no nOCTaHOBJIeHiIo OT-
nAJIeHif. HJIeHbI COB'Ta 3a6HpalOTC3a H3a qHcJa Ji$flCTBHTeJib-
HbiX' H noqeTHhbX'b qJIeHOB-h O06IiecTBa. COBtTr coCTaBjiReTr
nOCTOnHHyIO KoMMHCCiO o61maro co6paHiI H coS3bBaeTcq no
Mtpt Haxo6HOCTH, IIpeHctiaTeaeMb O6msecTBa, KOTopbIu eCTb
BM+SCTI cb Ti;Mu H npejc-hAaTeAb COBfTa.
II.
Kb 06SI3aHHOCTSM-I COB'Ta OTHOCHITC: a) pa3BHTie aj.a-
TeAbHocTi O06mecTBa no nocTHHmeHiO ero aian; 6) saasBnIBaHie
neqaTaHieM' TpyaoB- O06mecTBa; B) cocTaBneHie CMTbhI AOXO-
aOB's H pacxoJoOB'~ Ha CJalayIOpli rowa, a TaKRie oTqeTa sa
MlnHyBmii; r) coo6mueHie O6ImecTBy CBefaTHif o KaHHaaTax-b,
npeajiaraeMbix- KiL H36paHiio Btb 'JIeHb; a) npeasapHTejbHoe
pa3cMoTptHie, Ias npeacTaBjieHi O06mecTByy CBOHMo saKJiio-
qeHieM-b, 3alrBJIeHii qJIeHOBb HO BCM'h% KRacaroUiHMc O6mecTBa
BonpocaM-b; e) cocTaBjeHie CnHCKOB' H3SJaHif, npeanoaoieH-
Hbux, KW- npio6p'TeHiio. Co6paHie COBtTa cnHTaeTca 3aKOH-
HbIM'b, Koraa, KpoM npeAJciaaTeJI HJIH 3acTynalomaro ero
MtCTO qJIeHa COBATa, B'L HeM% nIPHCYTCTBYIOTb. He MeHe nOJIo-
BHHbI OCTaJIbHbIXb ero qJIeHOBb.
12.
O6mee co6paHie H36wpaeTr H3b cBoeH cpexmi OOJIKHOCT-
HbIX'b .nIHU-: npencuh aTeai, ero ToBapHma, ceKpeTapH, Tpext-
qJIeHOBb COBT;Ta, Ka3HaqeH H4 66iJIioTeKapI BcxWb cpOKOM'b
Ha oaHH b roa '. KaHalHJaTbl Ha 9TH JIOJIKHOCTH (Ha nepsbIl TPH
H3'a JAluHu, COCTOHIIuHX'a HJIH COCTORBmIHX'I nupo4eccopaMH Ba
yHHBepcHTeTr) npeJiararoTca no aanncHaM'b ajieHosa; H36paHie
Kaara ro AOJIHocTiaro Jmiaa npoH3BOAHTCa nocpeACTBOM' 3a-
Kpi;TOi 6aanOTHpOBKH, npOCTbIM- 6o0IbumHHCTBOMb rOJIOCOBb.





x

13-
flpeactaaTeab co3SIBaeT-b, OTHKpbaeT-b H 3aKpEaaeTb co-
6paHi O06mnecTBa, onpenaJaIeT'a oqepeab npeaMeTO1B o6cyxK-
aeHiR BW HHX-b, pyKOBOAHTh npeHimMH, CTaBHTE BOnPOCbI aJWI
rojocoBanai; o6isaBnjieT p+meHia, npIHHITbuI O6Iu eCTBOM-',
Ha6JIIoAaeTr sa IIop5IRKOML B-' 3actiaHiaxTb H 3a HCnoJIHeHieM'
YcTaBa O6mecTBa H CHOCHTCRH OTb HeHMH 061iecTBa CE npa-
BHTeJIbCTBeHHbIMH H 06I.eCTBeHHUMH yqpe)naeHiaMH H qaCTHbIMH
JIanaMH, npHqeMb HcxoXamiiH onT OdmiecTBa H non0iHcaHHbIH
npeactiaTeJeneM 6yMarH cKptnMnaoTCr ceKpeTapeM%.

14.
CeKpeTap 06mrecTBa Benerb npoTORoJmI 3ac-aaHii, nepe-
nHcKy no TeKxy~IHIM-H aAJIan O6iecTBa, COCTaBJIHerb oTqeTbI,
aoKnaaiUBaeTr o anBjaxb, noAHJieamux-x o6cyuleHilo 06mecrBa.

i5.
KasHaqei npHHHMaeTTr nocTynaiomir B-s Kaccy O6ntecTBa
cyMMbI, BeierTs AeHemHbe cqeTbI no npHxoao-pacxoAHIMHh KHH-
raMnb, HCnoJIHReTr nOCTaHOBJIeHiH O6mecTBa 061 ynoTpe6aeHiH
ero aeHne Hbix cpeaCTB-s, aoKjnaia aen COB-sTy 0 COCTOAHiH
CYMM'b.
16.
BH6aiioTeKapb 3aBtafniaeT- 6H6JioTeKoio 06mecTBa Ha
ocHOBaHiH nIpaBHJnb, cocTaBaeHHbIX' COBTOM' 06mecTBa.

17-
JIj npoBtpKR OTqeTa H ann peBH3iH KaccH H HMymIeCTBa,
O6muecTBo 36HApaerb eneroaHO H3a CBoefi cpenu KoMMHCciro
Ba cocTaBa Tpex-a in~IH. 3aKioqenie peBH3ioHHOHi KOMMHCCiH
coo6igaeTc3 eio CoBwry, KOTopbfi H B1OBOAHTm ero ao CBtlHin
O6m.ecTBa ce CBOHM- saKJaoqeHieM-. OTqerT o HfeaTeJIiHOCTH
O6mecTBa emeroaHo npeacTaBsreTCu BW' COB'T'b yHHBepCHTeTa
H, Hn yCMOTp'Hiio nocjiUaHHro, BKJIiOHaeTCH B' o6mifii OTqeTr
0 AonlTeJIbHOCTH yHHBepcHTeTa.

18.
lhJeHaMH OTA jieHif COCTOHTb 6e3'- oco6ofI 6ajiiOTHpoBKH
B-E CHX'b nOCJIJIHHXL HJIeHbI 06ImecTBa, nHCbMeHHO sasaBHBmie
o TOM% CBoe wmeiaHie npeuctiaaTejno O6nmecTBa.





sI.






.XI

19.
Kamioe oTjAleHie uHMerb cBoero npetc-hAlaTeJsi, TOBapHma
npe=c1taTeJni H ceKpeTaps, Ha6HpaeMbiX'b co6paHieMb qnjeHOBL
oTrnBaeHie TrfM'h Me HopSHJKOM'b H H a T me cpoKH, KaRK H CO-
OTBtTCTBYIOUia 1IOJIMHOCTHlH JIHua O6mtecTBa. O6sa3aHHOCTH
npelAc'haTensH H ceKpeTaps oTajixeHia OTHOCHTeJIbHO OTJiJBieHiH
T7f me, HTO H O6FI3aHHOCTH npegct.aTejia H ceKpeTaps 06u5ecTBa
OTHOCHTejIbHO 06miecTBa.

3actAaHia O06uecTBa.
20.
3ac$naHiJ O6mecTBa H ero oTXriIeHiih 6bIBaHI)T oqepexHui
H rOAJlHHblHI.
21.
FORxiHMHbia 3ackLaHi, Ha3HaqaeMbiR AJIH BbcaJymaHia yTBep-
,aeHi O roxoBaro OTqeTa H CM-3TbI Ha 6yaymtifi roAxu, a TaKme
JaMA H36paHi5a )IOJIHHOCTHbIX' JIHI L, npoHCxoXaHTb Bba rOIOBUomHHy
OTKpUTia O6mecTBa HJIH 6JIH3Koe K' Heft BpeMa. rOanqHoe
sacfefaHie oTeInfeHifi AJIH Trfxrb e tkjiei no OTHomeHilO K'I OT-
AHjeHiaM-b npoHcxolHT'b ao TaKosaro we 3actAaHiH 06mecTBa.

22.
CpoKH oqepeaHblx'b 3ac-JAaHift O6imecTBa onpen$1aIloTcS
COB'TOM'b 06mOecTBa. BS- cayqaaB HaRO6HOCTH, npeactlaaTejb
MOHeeT'b Cos3bBaTb H qpe3BbilqaiHbIl co6paHia; nOCJ3lHiHii C03bI-
BaIOTC3I TaKHe H no rIHCbMeHHOMy, AOCTaTOHHO MOTHBHpOBaHHOMy
saaBjieHilo o TOM'b npeAc'LaTeJIlo He MeHle nIRTH qjieHOBS 06-
mecTBa. CpoKH 3achiAaHif B'b OTAJaJIeHiaX'b onpearIjaIOTCCs co-
6paHieM',b XOJI)HOCTHbIX'b JIHIlub CHX'-b noCJIi;AHHHX'; npenc'laaTe.a
OTrJ JIeHi5, B'b cjyqa't Hano6HOCTH, MOHmeTb C03blBaTb, CBepx'a
oqepenAHIx' saac'baHifi, H qpe3Bbl9afIHbli.

23.
3acBfjaHia O6mecTBa H oTebaeHiHii 6bIBalOT' 3aRKbpTbua H
OTKpblTbiR. B'b 3aHphbTbiXS- npHcyTCTByIOT'b OIHH 1 qJIeHbl 06-
umecTBa; B-b oTKpb]TblX', KpoNI aeHOB%, MKoryTb npHCyTCTBOBaTb
H rOCTH, BBOHMbue qjHeHaMH no 3aaBnieHiH 0 TOM'S npejc'i$aTearo.

24.
B-b OTKpbiTbIX'b sac'xAaHiax'b BbICaymrHBaloTTCa H o6cyI(aa-
IOTCH HayqHule pegepaTbi H coo6maeHia qJIeHOBS-b 06mecTBa HJIH






XII

T nIOCTOpOHHHX%1 JIHIIb. 9TH aac tJaHiH AflCTBHTeJIbHb npH BCaHOM%'
"HCJI' aHBHBUIHXCH qJIeHOBs 06mecTBa.

25.
SJInIUaM, He COCTOamHnMH qaeHaMH 06IIecTBa, pe epaTb Ha
coo6mieHi q9HTaIOTCR JIHilb C%- npeIBapHTeibHaro paap+menHi
CoBtTa, KOTOpbIu, ecJIH npH3HaeT-I HY)3IHUM-%, MoKeTb noTpe-
60oBaT npencTaBIeHia noJIHaro TeKCTa npeanonaraeMaro qTeHiR.
B- oT x-JIeHiax-b pelepaTbi qHTatorc1 TaKHMH IHanaMH cb pas-
, pimeHia npeac+aaTenaR no npHHaAnaieHOcTH, Ha ocHOBaHiH npea-
cTaBjeHHoi eMy nporpaMMbi.

26.
B% saKpMpblT]Xi aacanaHinax'%, RpoM eTeHiR pe epaToB Ha
coo6meHiif, pasp-tmauoTr BonpocbI o6t HnaHiH TpyaoB'r, npen-
CTaBJIseMBIux B-b O6tecTBo, Ha36paroTcH qJleHbI Oi6mecTBa HJIH
oTarjieHia, o6cyraxroTcs H pi;imaIoTc BaWnH-fiuia Texymnia ataia.
!. J JiH n tiCTBHTeJIbHOCTH saKpbITHbXB 3actaaHif Heo6xoAHMo upH-
cyTCTBie OJaHOr TpeTH qnJeHOBb, HaxonjrlIuxcH B% r. IOpbeBt.
B- cBayqa-T HeaIBKH TaKoaaro qHCJIa qJIeHOB-%, co3biBaeTCH BTO-
pH HO e SaclHaHie, KOTopoe AcLfteCTBHTeJHbHO npH BCHKOM- qHCJIh
IBHBLUHXCH qJIeHOBb, H Ha KOTopOM- MoryTr 6BITb o6cymaaeM
H p-fmaeMbi nIHuib Bonpoc I, noaxiewaBmie pa3CMOTptHi)o Ha
nepaBOM% (He coCTrosrBeMc) 3actaaHiH. XonaTaicTBo 06' H3-
MtHeHiH ycTaBa O6mecTBa MoReTm 6umTb o036ymalaeMo JIImT
no nocTaHOBJIeHilO o6maro co6panim, Ha KOTOpoMa IIpHCyTCT-
SBoBaaJ He MeHlee JlByX TpeTeft BCBX% qjieHOB- 06mecTBa, npo-
nRHBatIOImlX B-% r. IOpbeB-, H TOJIbKO B- TOM' cjiyqa-, Korna
Ha 9TO xoaaTafiCTBO BlpameHo cornacie AByx% TpeTefi npHCyTCT-
BOBaBsmIHX% B%, saclaHiH qJIeHoB%.

27. *
J$naa B% asacaiaHix-b pImaioTcs npocTbUh 6ojibimHHCTBOMb
roJIocoB%, aa HCEKJiiOeHieM% cJIy'aeB%, yxaaHHbIXS B'b 26
H 36. B' aLnjax%, pmflaeMblux 3aKpbiT1Ma rojocoBaHieMb, OT-
cyTCTrByrolie njeHbl MOryrb nepePaaaTb CBOn rojioca apyrulH
SqjeHaM%, npHqeMs oJAHaKO nocaiHaie MoryTr pacnouaraTb, KpoMQ
: cBoero, TOJIbKO OJHHM'b rOJIOCOM'L; O TaKOBOf nepeaaqa nepe-
, aIoaUHMt rojoc% J OBOaHTCa nIHCbMeHHO aO CB-EAlHiS npeact-
ar aTean c% o6o3HaqeHieM' JIaHl, KOTOpoMy ronoci% nepeAaeTca.
3aKpuToe rojIocoBaHie, KpoM- cJIyqaeB%, yKaaaHHbIX-% 1B 12






XIII

H 30, ynoTpe6jReTca 5 n pHi p-meHim npoqiHx-b A-ah, Korna Toro
noTpe6yioT'- He MeHte nIITH qJIeHOB- O06mecTBa, npHcyTCTByIo-
mHnxH B'b sactiaHiH.
28.
Bct qajeHuI O6mecTBa H nocTopOHHie noc-THTeJIH 063aHbI
co6o6noaTb ycTaB- O6mecTBa H nIIOH HHHTbCH corJIacHhM'b C'
yCTaBOM'b nocTaHOBJIeHiaMi. co6paHift n pacnopameHiaM'b npea-
c~nfeaTejir, KOTopoMy, B% cjiyqat oTKasa IIOnHHHTBCHS 3aKOHHLIMb
ero Tpe6oBaHiRM'b, npeAocTaBnaeTca JInmaTb HX'b npaBa rojoca
Bi co6paHiH.

HaAaTeAbcKan AHtTeAJbHOTb 06u~ecTBa.

29.
PenaaKui npoToKoJoBb aJIa neqamT BsoasaraeTCH Ha ceKpe-
Tapef O06mlecTBa H OT'hJIeHjif1 O pH nRaJIeKHOCTH H yTBep-
AJfaeTca COBhTOMu O6muecTBa. TpyAbu 06muecTBa, a paBno
HasaHia naMHTHHROB-b H apyrHX- HayqHblX'h MaTepiajioB-b H ne-
peBsoa OTHOCIIaMXCR K% Kpyry JiAHTeJIbHOCTH O6mecTBa na-
y9HblX- COqHHeHif, MOryT'- BUbXOIHTb, B-b BHAnl OT lhxbHbIX'b
KHHIr, 6pomfplIO H 6e3cpoMaHbix' c60pHHKOB'b. C'h aBTopaMH
TpyAoBa, H3saBaeMbix'b O6IIeCTBOM-, nocJraHee MOHieTh BXO-
JlHTb B-b corJlameHie o BosHarpaxeHiH HX-' OTfJIbJIbHbIMH OT-
THCKaMH.
30.
Bonpoc0 o tonymeHiH K' neIaTH Ha cpencTBa 06mecTBa
H OTb ero HMeaH pimaeTca OTHOCHTeJIbHO KaR~ aro Tpyna no-
cpeAcTBOM'b saKpblTaro ronJocoBaHia B'b o6meMb co6paRHi npo-
CTblM% 60JIbl.nHHCTBOM' rOnJOCOBb, HpHqeM-L onJHaKO o6mee co-
6paHie MOHeTh nepeaaBaTb CBOH npaBa B'b 3TOM'h OTHomeHiH
COBtTy O6mecTBa HJIH OCo6ofi H3aHaTeJIbCKOf KoMMHCciH.

lpaea N cpeACTBa 06UOecTBa.

3I.
Tpyxau O06mecTBa BhxoaHrI 6e3- npesBapHTeJ IHOfi ueH-
3ypbl, Ha Bb]nycKb mKe B'a CBtTa oTnJdJbHarO nOBpeMeHHaro
HsnaHis O06mecTBsoM'% JOJ KHO 6blTb HcnpomeHo pa3p'tieHie
nouIemamefi BnJacTH.
32.
06iLecTBO HMi4eT' CBOIO neqaTb H neqaTHbl 6JIaHKH laJIA






XIV

nHCbMeHHbIX'b CHomeHifi C' HaJnIHCbHo: ,,YeHO-JIHTepaTypHoe
O6umecTBo npH HMrEPATOPCKOMb IOpbeBCKOM,' YHH-
BepcHTeTt".
33-
CpexcTBa O6mecTBa cocTaBJIsIOTCR: H3b qJIeHCKHX-b B3HO-
COB%, iH3' cy6cHaii YHHBBepCHTeTa, ecanH uOCniAbHili npp3HaeT'L
BO3MO(RHbIM' pa3p'mlIUTb TaKOBIB ; H3' xio6pOBOJIbHMX'- no-
mepTBOBaHifi; H3' cyMM%-, BbipyqaeMbiux' o0T npoAamnH uH3aaHif
061ecTBa; Ha3% c6opa sa ny6JIHHblnH JIeKtiH, qHTaeMbIH Ba-
ero nonjsy.
34-
CyMMb, nocTynaiomi a-b 061mecTBo, npHHHMalOTC3I Ka3Ha-
qeeMn, npH qeM% TeKyIIis CyMMbl CBbime naTHJueC9TH py6aefi
BHOCSTCH Ha TeKyLmifi cqeT B'I yaasaHHoe AiC cero COBA-TOM'
KpejHTHoe yqpe>maeHie, a anHHTajib, no Mtpp Haao6IHOCTH, o6pa-
umaioTCH Bb npanBTeJIbCTBeHHI HJH rapaHTHOBHHn paBH-
TebJICTBOM npoueHTHu15 6yMarH H BHOCITCH Ha xpaHeHie B%
c6eperaTeajHyro Kaccy naIH oTrbjeHie rocynapcTBeHHaro BaHKa.

35-
HMHEPATOPCKIII IOpheBcKifi YHHBepCHTeTb jxaemT y
ce6a noM-lheHie nJI s3ac-naHitf O6IecTBa, a no M-p- Bs3MOHm-
HOCTH H JIu ero 6H6JIioTeKH H pyrHX% xoajijeKuiii, npH qesM
B% a3TOMu% cjayqa' O6mecTBo o6sayeTc5 HOJRIHHHBTbCf BCBM'%
3aKOHHbIM- Tpe6oBaHifIM- yHHsepcuTeTCKaro HaqajibcTBa.

3apbMTie 06tecTBa.

36.
TAnl nocTaHOBjeHiH 0 3OaKpuTiH O6recTBa Tpe6yeTcH co-
riacie He Men-He nAyx% TpeTeft BC-i3X- ero qJIeHOB-. B- cjyqa-
saKpbITis O6iecTBa, Bce ero HMyIiecTBo nocTynaeTr Bas co6-
CTBeHHOCTb HMHEPATOPCKATO IOpbeBcKaro YHHBepCHTeTa.


A)peKTop-b JenapTaMeHTa HapoRHaro IIpOCBtLmeHiH:
B. JIaTbiumeBL.


,JIjonpoHa3BOeHTeJIb: H. jIMH TpeBcKi t.

















CBtatHmi

o B03HHKHOBCeHi 06necra H 0 AIo ~.ITeJIHoTH ero
aa nepBHf roAp cyyiecTBoBaHiI.


Mucab 06% yqpe>aieHiH npn HMnepaTopcKoM-L IOpbeB-
CKOM' YHHBepcHTeTf YtqeHaro Oi6mecTBa BOSHHKJIa cpexH Hi-
KOTopbix- npoQeccopoBI' YHHBepCHTeTa, rpeJCTaBHBmIIHX- Bb
MapT- McmuL+ 1896 rona Bb COBT'L VHHBepcnTeTa npo3KTh-
YcTaBa YWeHo-JIHTepaTypHaro O6m1ecTBa npH HMnepaTopcKoM-
IOpbeBcKOM'- YHHBepcHTeTr, C% npocb6oio nonBeprHyTb 3TOT%
npoaKT'- pa3cMoTptHilo 14, B'b cjyqa' ono6peHils, xoJaTaiCTBo-
BaTb npeAb BucmIHM'b HaqaJibCTBOM- 06'b yqpemneHiH YreHO-
JIHTepaTypHaro 06miecTBa npH YHHBepCHTeTb.
,jia o6cy~eneHiq npencTaBJeHHaro npo3KTa, Ha ocHOBaHiH
ctcTOflBmaroca Brb TOM'b He MaprT MmCHaEu nocTaHOBJIeHil
CoBtTa IOpbeBcKaro YHHBepcHTeTa, o6paaoBaHa 6bma KOMHC-
cii, KOTopaa, pa3CMOTpBB'- B- 3aci'aHiAX- 24-ro H 25-ro anpji n
npoaKTn YcTaBa, crAJriaa Bs HeMh HIKOTOpbIH H3MtHeHiq H
JonoJIHeH1i.
Memany nposHM-h, KOMHcci5 Huamaa uhjiecoo6pa3HbIMb pas-
mHPHTb IBe5ITeJIbHOCTb O6uecTBa, BKJIIaoqB' B-b Kpyr-' ero sa-
HSITifi 'r OTHaJIbl 6iojnoriH, KOTopbIe HMIOTo conpHKOCHOBeHie
c- HayKaMH ryMaHHTapHbiMH H ofmeCTBeHHbiMH.
B'b 3ac-jaaHiH 24 Man 1896 roaa pa3CMOTpiHHbIH H nepe-
pa6oTaHHbnfi KoMHccieio npoaKTlb YCTaBa BHOBb 6 JI'b o6cymAfeHw-
COB-TOM'b YHHBepCHTeTa, nOCTaHOBHBmIHM'b npeIaCTaBHTh 3TOTr
npo3KTa Ha yTBepmueHie r. MHHHCTpa HapotHaro IIpocB-bie-
Hia. 4 MapTa 1897 roAa YCTaBs YveHO-JITTepaTypHaro 06mne-
CTBa npH HMnepaTopcKouM IOpheBCKOM- YHHBepCHTeTr r. Mu-
HHCTpoM'h HapoAHaro ITpocBtmeHia 6mbij yTBepH euHb.






XVI

3arMhB, neqaTHrie aKseMnajpub YcTaBa O6mecTBa pa3o-
cJIaHbI G6iiH r. PeKTopoM'b YHHBepCHTeTa BCBM'b JIH4aM'b, co-
CTOHIamHM' Ha yqe6HOfi caywfH B-s IOpbeBCKOM'b YHHBePCHTeTr
,JIqa 03HaKOMjeHiH. 27 anpjian 1897 rona COCTOAJIOCb nepioe
o6riee co6paHie, Ha KOTopoe 6bimj npHrjameHu r. PeKTopoMn
rr. npo0eccopb H npenonaBaTeJiH IOpbeBcKaro YHHBepCHTeTa,
nomenaaBmie BCTynHTb B'b HCJIO qJIeHOB-b HOBaro 06muecTBa.
r. PeKTopT npeanomKHaJ co6paHilO npHCTynHTh npeane
Bcero KI H36paHilO ROJI)HOCTHblX-L JIHUT- 06umecTBa. H36paHie
npoHcxonHJio yKasaHHbIMa B' YCTaBB o6pa30Mb.

H36paHHuIMH oKa3aIaib:
IIpeacthAaTejieMa O6mecTBa-PeKTop- H4MnepaTopcKaro IOpbeB-
CKaro YHHBepCHTeTa A. C. ByanHJOBHq-B.
ToBapHneMB ero npo4eccop- Toro i e HHHBepcMTeTa E. B.
nHITyxoB b.
CeHpeTapeM npogeccopP Toro we YHHBepCHTeTa M. E.
KpacHomeH b.
Ka3HaqeeML npoqeccopP Toro me YHHBepCHTeTa C. B o -
rymeBcKi i.
qIJeHaMH COBtTa O6maecTBa: npo eccopbl Toro me YHnHepci-
TeTa B. F. AJieKceeB A. B. HKHTCKi i H JIeK-
Top% YHHBepCHTeTa C. 1. Pome.
BH6InioTeKapeM'b npojeccopPi Toro we VHHBepCHTeTa A. I.
3aq HHCKif.

KpoMI nepBaro o6maro co6paHis 27 anpriap 1897 roaa,
O61mecTBo Ba oTqeTHOM-b 1897-98 r. HMu IO 6 3aKpblTblux 3a-
chtaHifi, B-b KOTopuX'b nIpHcyTCTBOBaian, Ha OCHOBaHii 23
yCT. 06m., oAHHM q9eHbI 06mecTra; 3ac-fjnaHia STH HpoHcxo-
Jan 23 OKTa6pf H 19 ieKaa6ps 1897 r., 29 IHBaps, 5, 26 MapTa
H 16 anp-ii 1898 r. B-' saaKpITh1'b sac3JaHiARX' HSi36panHCb
yKa3aHHbIM' Bb 6 YCT. O6m. nopARKOM~b qaeHbu 06necTaa,
a TaIKe o6cymaajiHb H ptmakIHCb BaHBiHmian TeKymliJa Adia
(o neqaTaHiH TpyaoB-h O6mIecTsa, o BbInnCKt KHHr-' B-b 6H6aio-
TeKy O6mecTBa H T. n.).
OTKpbITuIX' 3acAaaHif O6mecTsa Bs OTqeTHOM' rony
6bIuo 9, a HMeHHO: 23 OKTR6pa, 20 HoA6ps, 19 Aexa6pa 1897 r.;
29 HHBapS, 19 (eBpaja, 5 H 26 MapTa, 16 H 24 anphisa 1898 r.






XVII

B'- OTKpbITbix'b sacClaHiAx'b BbcjiymnHBaJIHCb H o6cymra-
nHCb HayqHbie pe epaTbl n coo6menim rr. qlneHoBb 06mecTBa.
Bctx' pepepaTOBs Ha yKa3aHHbIX'b 3acbiaHiax'b 6blmo npoqn-
TaHO 14, a HMeHHO:

1897 r. OKRT6p5 23-ro A. C. ByBJI OB I eM -b: ,,Bos-
MOWHHa JIH paspa6oTKa cJiaBsHCKOi HCTOpin, KaK'b caMO-
CTOITejbHHOf HayKn ?"
M. E. KpacHomeHOM" : ,,Io noBofy 359 CT. npOaKTa HO-
Baro YronoBHaro YzIOmeHiH."
20-ro HOI6pH A. H. 1 c HC K HM : ,,CoAbfiCTBie qeXOB'b
naty repMaHHaauiH 6aJTiACKaro no6epembg."
E. B. n-hTyxOBbIM': ,,Hno-3Ka Kb JIymHqanHaM- (Spreewald)."
I9-ro aeKa6pa M. E. KpacHo eHOM- : ,,rpoucxomaeHie
cTapo-KaTojisqecTBa H IV HHTepHauioHaJIbHbIHi cTapo KaTo-
janqecCifi KOHrpecc-b B Bti B ."
1898 r. 29 MHBapa C. H. P o im e: ,,O HOB-iimHxh- H3CJIAAO-
BaHiHX'b no HauioHajibJoi JIHTepaTyph cpaHuiH IX-XII BB.
n o6i o6meiMrn 3HaqeHiH OTHOCMIUIXCe conta npoH3Be-
AneHi."
A. H. C H Hn CK H M -b: ,,emciiKe Ha3BSCTie XIV B. o pyccKOM-b
MeTaJIJIHqeCKOM b nIPOH3BOaCTBt."
19-ro 4(eBpajn A. H. I ciHHCKHM M: ,,O xpaHeHiH H 3ace-
IeHiH cTenHOIf OKpaHnHb MocKOBCKaro I'ocyaapcTBa Ba
KOHUI3 XVI H HaqaJrt XVII BB."
B. E. a H H I e B H e M -: O CO09HeHiH Jl5CKOponHCaro: ,,HCTOpif
nepeacjaBasbCKOfi 3eMJIH o noJIOBHHu XIII B. KieB-b 1897".
5-ro MapTa A. C. Kp H B 0 B b M b: ,,06b a6CTpaaTHbixb n
MaTepiajibHbIxb o6I3aTejbCTBaxrb".
26-ro MapTa M. H. K pameHHHHHHKOB IM-b: ,,AHT9Hurbl
6apowH- MIOHxrayseH'b (JIyKiaH-b, Verae historiae)."
I6-ro anpias C. K. Bor y meBCKIHM: ,,McanIH o HH3-
mem'- cenbCKo-xo3afCTBeHHOM'b o6paasoaHiH B-b PocciH."
24-ro anp'f;j A. C. HeBsopoBuM b: ,,H3a npomnaro
HeTep6ypra, KaK'b ToproBaro nyHKTa".
A. B. H HK H TC K HM : ,,3aM-TKn no reorpa(inH apeBHet
rpeuiH".


, -) .






XVIII


I43H o3HaqeHHHIX'b pegepaToBb- 13 npHHaXawemaTr npo ec-
copam-b n npenoAaBaTeJIHMs YnHBepcHTeTa.
Bcxsb qjieHOBs O6mecTBa KI' KOHIiy oTieTHaro rona, T. e.
Kh 27 anpAjI 1898 r., COCTOHTo 57; BC-h OHH AiicTBHTeJIbHbIe
MJieHbl; B-' TOM-% HCJI+ JIHILh, HaXOxflIIHXCI Ha yie6ofio cjiya(6b
B'b YHHBepCHTeTf, 39, npoqnx-b jiani 18; MHBBynIHX- Bb ro-
poait IOpbeBt 55.
HaH6ojie JocTTOHbUIM- BHHMaHi SqIBJIHeTCH IIOCTaHOBJIeHie
06muecTBa osHaMeHOBaTb nepBbIF roalb laesTejibHocTH 06me-
CTBa H3saHieMTa nepBaro TOMa C6opHHKa (CM. HSBJIeq. Hs3 npo-
TOKoja sact+aHia 29 sHBaps 1898 r.).







OTqeTr
o ~sHaTeeajHoTH COBtra 06O ecTBa*).


CoBn- 06mIecTBa HM-aJIa 8 co6paHifi, a HMeHHO 2 Maa,
13 OKTa6p% 1897 r.; 24 IHBaps, 4 n 8 ()eBpajIs, 21 mapTa, 9 H
21 anpripH 1898 r.
3aHTTia COBIATa 3aKRJIIOJia.HC B cJIIayroiueM'b:
I. COBATIr coo6maJar O6mecTBy CBAXaRHiH O KaHAHAaTaxb,
npeajaraeMbXTb KIa H36paHilo B'b qjieHbI 06mecTBa; 6o0nbmaq
qaCTb 9THX'b KaHHHnaTOBa 3aHBJISaa CBoe wmejaHie BCTynHuTb B'
nqeHbi O6muecTBa qepes73 Koro-i60o H3'ua qIeHOBrs COBiTa.
II. 06cyma.anji Bonpocbl O BpeMeHH cosBaHi5 3acts aHiif
O6mecTBa.
III. Osa6o0qHBaAIc paaBHTieM6 nta~FTeJlbHOCTH 06IuecTBa,
COB]rT p npHHHMaJii MApb Kp b H3Bl eHilo nyTeMa neqaTH H
oco6ux'i yB;ALOMJIeHief paaJIHTiHbiX' yqeHbix' yqpeHaeHift H OT-
A-.nbHbIXE JnIHI of6t oTKpbPTiH O6uecTBa, o ero uf;Jaxb o
cnoco6axsb nocTHrIeHiSI THX' Udaefi **).

*) COBiTr 06mecTBa COCTOaaJ aEs H 7 aJIH (cM. cTp. XVI).
**) 344 HcxoAAIanIX'i 6yMarl BTb OTqeTHOM'b roay 6mxIO 145.






XIX


IV. Bb BHnaaxb yBeJIqmeHiH cpeacTB- O6ruecTra, COBT-b
o6paumajcs c-b xoaaTafcTBOMb KTR COBtTy IOpbeBcHaro YHH-
sepcHTeTa o HasHaqeHiH eweroAHOf cy6cHain H13a cneuiajibHbxb
cpeacTBsb HHBsepcwHeTa. rIpaBieHie OTHecJIOCb Kb 3TOlt npocb6f
BecbMa conyBcTBeHHO H OKa3ano 061uecTBy BamHyro MaTepiaib-
Hyr) nolnepmKy, HasHaqHB- eMy noco6ie B- pasMtpt 150 py6.
Ha 1897 roa'b H 300 py6. Ha 1898 romb.
V. COBT'-b Ahinani npeacTaBjeHia O6mecTBy o KHHraxb,
npeanojaraeMbixb Kb npio6ptTeHilo AsHn 6H6nioTeKH 06muecTBa,
Bbipa6OTaJni npasHja o xpaHeHiH aeHemHbIXb CyMM% O6I6mecTBa
H Boo6me npH~HHManaJb M-pu ajuJ npaBaijbHaro BeaeHi n J aIo-
npOHaBOacTBa.
VI. HaKOHeu-, ajtITeJIbHOCTb COBATa COCTOhjia B'b HC-
noJIHeHiH aaHHaro eMy B-b sactxaHiH 29 sHBaps 1898 r. nopy-
qeHiH OTHOCHTeJIbHO HaneqaTaHi5 Tpyaob O06mecTaa, npn qeM%
penaLauia 6wuia nopyqeHa npoj. E. B. n[ITyxoBy. Bonpocb
o neqaTaHiH Ha cpeacTaa O6mecTBa p-majica OTHOCHTeJIbHO
Kaacaro Tpyaa nocpeacTBOM' saKpb]Taro roJnocoBaHiA Bb aa-
c-aaHiax'b CoBATa (Ha OCHOB. 30 YCT. 06m.).



YqeHo-JIHTepaTypHoe O6mxecTBO Bb nepabif roab cBoero
cyluecTBOBaniH BCTpTHJIO roprnee cosycTaie He TOJIbKO cpeaH
rr. npoleccopOBs H npenoaaBaTenaeii YHHBepcrTeTa, HO H
Boo6uxe cpean o6pasoBaHHaro pyccKaro o6muecTBa r. IOpbeBa.
Bb TeqeHiH oTqeTHaro rosa, 06mecTBo HMuJIO 6 saKpbiTbi-X
H 9 OTRpuTbITXb sactiaHifi, Ha KOTopIuxb% AoJIoHeHO 6bIjo 14
peiepaToB%. B- TeqeHiH oaHoro roaa OHO npio6pmjo 57 qjie-
HOBb. B'b OTKpbITbub 3acfaaHniax 06mecTBa, Kpomt ero qae-
HOB'b, HpHcyTCTBOBaJIO H MHoro rocTefl.






XX



H3BJIe6qeHia

HaIL poTOKoJOB'b 3actihaHif 06nqecTBa*).



3acianHie
27 anp-~i 1897 roxa.
27 anpJIH 1897 roxa cocTO5nocb Bs' 3aai CoB+Ta IOpbeB-
cKaro YBHBepCHTeTa nepBoe sac$aaHie BHOBb yqpe~aeHHaro
Y eHo-JIHTepaTypHaro O6nmecTBa npH H4MnepaTopcKoM- IOpbeB-
CKOMLb YHHBepCHTeT.
B- sac$naHiH npHCyTCTBOBaJH T- H3'- npenoaaBaTeJIeie
IOpbeBcKaro YHHBepCHTeTa, KOTopbie H3s'tBHJIan mejanie 6bmTb
qneHaMH o3HaqeHHaro O6mecTBa, KaKoBbiMH, no 6-My YcTaBa
O61uecTBa, OHH MoryTr- 6bTb, Ba cHJIy CBoefi npHHaanjewHocTH
K'b npenogaBaTejbcKOMy nepcoHany YHHBepCHTeTa, 6e3'i 6ajio-
THpOBKH, JInmIb no nHCbMeHHOMy 3asBJIeHiH o CBoeM'b m)KeaHiH
BCTynHTb B-T qjeHbI 06mecTBa.
JIHnb, BCTynHBmuHXTb TaKIHM- o6pa3soM B-a 1IHCIo JIO eHOBs
06ruecTBa, OKaaajiocb 34: PeKTopi' YHHBepCHTeTa A. C. ByIH-
JIOBHqb, npo eccop- npaBocJiaBHaro 6orocioBim npoToiepef
A. C. UapeBcKifi, npoieccophi YHHBepCHTeTa: B. F. AjeKCheBh,
H. 14. AHapycoBh, B. A. A aHacbeB'-, C. K. BorymueBcKif,
C. M. BacHAbeBb, M. H. apyH(HHHH-b, M. A. JIbK OHOBb, A. Q.
3aqHHCKifl, A. C. HrHaTOBCKifi, 1H. KOHIaKOBb, M. E. Kpac-
HOxeHra, A. C. KpHBuOB-b, H. H. Ky3HetoB'b, Q(. 1O. JIeBHH-
coHb-JleccHHar, F. B. JIeBnuKift, A. H. MaKnameBCKifi, A. C.
HeBsopoB-, B. M. Heqaes-, A. B. HHKHTCKiii, 51. Q>. Oae,
E. B. lTTTyxoBb, A. H1. CaaoBcKifi, B. H. CpeHaeBcaifi, H. K.
TepMaKb, B. Q. qH)wb, E. Q>. IIMypJIO, A. H. JiCHHCKiW; AO-
reHTbI: B. 9. Fpa6apb, A. M. lpHnlHKb, npHBaTrb-RoueHTb:
1I. H. JIayTeH6axb, A. H. ToMCOH-b H ieKTop-b C. H. Pome.


*) Ha ocHoBaHia 23-ro ycTana O6mecTBa, sacfaHnia On6ecTBa
6MBaTlorT 3aKpbITuH H oTKpurTbI. B7 3axKpbITIXup npHcyTCTByIOT OHH
qJIeHE O6mecTBa; Bs OTKpHITbIX', KpoM' qneHOB-, MOryTI npHcyTCTBO-
BarT H rocTH, BBOAHMbIe qJIeHaMH, no 3aHBsleHiH o TOM'L 1rpeAcfaaTeAmo.






XXI

3acbnaHie 6bijio oTRpbITo r. PeKTopOM% YHI4BepcHTeTa, no
npeAJioeHiIo KoToparo 6bio np~cTynjieHo K'b H36paHio aOJIm-
HOCTHbIX-b jIHi' *), corIacHO IO-My YCT. O6m. H36paHie npo-
HcxoAHuio no yIaaaHHOMy B- I2-OMb cnoco6y. Co6paHieM'
6baJI- ycTaHOBjieH- pasM+pb qjieHcKaro B3HOCa Ha 6JiHinafiee
MaTHJmtTie: e)ieroanHbii aeHemHbIi B3HOC' AJI Hf JqiCTBHTeJIb-
HblX'b qjeHOBS O06uiecTBa onpejaiJeHn B- pas3Mpt Tpexb
py6ne*i; eAHIHOBpeMeHHbfiH (lOWH43HeHHblfi) BW- pasM pt nITH-
AeclTH py6aefi.

3actAaHia
23 oKTI6pi 1897 rosa.
B- sachauaHirx' rIpHcyTCTBOBaJH qJIeHbI 061mecTBa rr. B. F.
AjieKcteBs, B. A. AbaHacbeBb, C. K. BorymeBcKif, A. C.
;EyLnaJoBHqb, A. QD. 3aqHHCKiH, M. E. KpacHOieHb, A. C. KpHB-
nOBb, B. H. KypqHHCKif, 51. H. JIayTeH6ax-, F. B. JIeBHUifi,
B. K. MajsM6epra, A. C. HeB3opoB%, B. H. Cpe3HeBcKiii, A. C.
UIapeBcKifi, H. K. HepMaK-h H A. H. ICHHCKifi.
I. B- 3aKpblTOM-b 3acJaaHiH 06mecTBa H36paHbI nocpea-
CTBOMb 3aKpblTTOf 6ajJIoTHpoBKH (na OCHOB. 6 YVTaBa 06-
mecTBa) B- nhi8CTBHTeJIbHbIe qjieHbl O6mecTBa cainyomioi aJHia:
npoToiepefi iepHBH npH HMnepaTopcKOMn PoccificRoM- nocoIb-
CTB Bib BtH A. B. HKRoJIaeBcKif, eHa npogeccopa JI. C.
BorymeBcKas; npenonaaaTeJin IOpbeBCcKOf KHiacCHiecKoH ruM-
Ha3iH H. H. 3HaMeHCKii, A. 11. IaBIoBsb, B. B. HIeTpoB-; ao-
ieHTu BeTepHHapHaro HHCTHTyTa H. A. AneKcaHAposB; yqH-
TeJIbHHua MapiHHCKaro weHcKaro yqnHJlma M. A. SIHKOBH'b;
yqHTejb IOpbeBCKOfii yqtrTeJIbCKOi CeMHHapiH (HbIHI HHCreKTOp'
HapOAHbixb yqanJIub) M. JI. IIaTajiOB-b; npenonaBaTe.ki IOpb-
eacKaro peajibaro yq~aulma B. E. ],aHH.neBHq'b H E. A. Tep-
HoycoBb.
BcTYnnaJIH Bs qHCJIao qJIeHOB-b 06ImecTBa (Ha OCH. 6-ro
YCT. 06m.), 6e3b 6ajJIoTHpOBKH, npoQeccopu HunepaTopcKaro
IOpbeBcKaro YHHBepcHTeTa: B. H. KypqHHCKiif, B. K. MajibM6epr-
H aoueHTb (HbIH- npobeccop-) Toro me YHHBepCHTeTa H. H.
B'JI IBCKiRi.
II. B- OTKpbITOM-b saciAnaHiu O6mecTBa npeAnc$iaTeib
O6mecTBa A. C. ByaHJIOBHsq cxaautai coo6mueHie Ha Teuy:


*) JIHIa 3TH nOHMeHnoBaHH Bisme (CM. CTp. XVI).





XXII

,,Bo3MOwHa-JH pa3pa6oTKa cjaBsHCKOfi HCTOpiH, KaKb CaMOCTO-
RTeJbHofi HayRH ?" (Coo6meHie 9TO HarneqaTaHO B% HaCTORIIeM'E
TOMt C6opHHKa U-JIHKOM-.)
B- TOM- me 3ac-aaHiH jienH- O6mecTBa M. E. KpacHo-
)meH~ i caxjiani coo6m1eHie: ,,Io nIOBony 359 CTaTbH npo03Ta
Hosaro YrojoBHaro YJomeHia".
PetepeHT', coo6ImHBS KpaTKiiH HCTopHecKisa laHH1HI
OTHOCHTeJbHO HaKa3aHiH 3a cynpywecKyro HeB-pHOCTr H
yKa3aBE- Ha HbalH JIniCTByIOmHee 3aKoHoAaTejiCTBo (CT. 1585
YJomeHia o HaK.), o6paTHJIE BHHMaHie Ha TO O6CTOHTeJIbCTBO,
qTO COCTaBHTeJIH npoeKTa HOBaro YroJIoBHaro YjioweHiS,
npHSHaB'- HapymeHie cynpymecxofi BtpHOCTH aI51HieMb HaKa-
syeMbiM%, noJIOHHJIH 3a STO npecTyneieHie HaKa3aHie no
CT. 359, apecT- (cornacHo CT. 18 npoaKTa) orb OIHOrO RHH Jno
mecTH MtcSIIleB'b, He yaoBJieTBOpsiomee HH OJIHOfi HM3 TrX'b
ut;iefi, ROTopubl MoweTr npecJItAOBaTh HaKasaHie. Hnnero He
HM$3R Bo3pa3HTb name HpoTHBs Toro, ecjH-6bi cocTaBHTeJIH
npo3KTa HOBaro YroJnoBHaro yJIOmeHi, CqHTaR HapymieHie cy-
npymecKOHi BtpHOCTH TaKHM'b npecTynJeHieMvb, KOTopoe Hapy-
maeTb JIHUE HHTepecbi qaCTHbIX' JIHIIU, COBepmeHHO HCKJIIOqHJIH
ero H3's qHcjia HaKasyeMbixa npocTynKOBs, pebepeHTm OTMi-
THJIna TorT aKTb, HTO Ha3HaqeHHoe B' 359 CT. npoaKTa Yro-
osBHaro YjiomeHi HaKasaHie He MomeTn ynOBJIeTBOpHTI 06H-
}meHHarO, HHKorO He ycTpauiaeTr H HHKorO He HcnpaBsseTr.

3actAaHie
20 HOH6ps 1897 roaa.
B- 3ac-AaaHiH IpHcyTCTBOBaJIH qaeHbl 06mecTBa rr. B. F.
AJeKceeBb, B. A. A(aHacbeB', C. K. BorymeBCKif, A. C. By-
XHJiOBHsqs, B. E. JIaHHJIeBH-b, A. (D. 3aqHHCKifi, H. 51. KHnpia-
HOBHE ', H. JI. KOHaRKOBb, M. E. KpacHOmeHa, A. C. KpHB-
LOBsW, B. H. KypqHHCKifi, A. C. HeB3opOBB, A. B. HHKHTCKifi,
5. 1. Ose, E. B. flnTyxoab, C. H. Pome, A. H. TOMCOH-,
E. A. HepHoycosB, H. J. IIaTaaOB-b, E. Q>. IIlmypio, M. A.
S oHKOBHE H A. H. JCHHCKif.
qieH-s 06mecTBa A. H. kICHHCKiin cAnJIan i coo6meHie Ha
TeMy: ,CoA ACTBie lexoBs ntay repMaHHsaaufi 6anTiflcKaro
no6epeaKbs". (Coo6ieeHie 3TO HaneqaTaHO B' HaCTOIImeM-b TOM-
C6opHHKa IU JHKOM'h.)
B'W TOMI me sacCnaHiH qjieHs 06imecTBa E. B. rIITyxoBI






XXIII

cfiaManab coo6meHie Ha TeMy: ,,TIo'i; a KIb JIyfmnIaaHaMb-
Spreewald". (Coo6meHie 9TO To~e HaneqaTaHo B% HaCTOImeM-
TOM' IniJIHKOM-b.)
no noBoly o6oHx'b coo6fmeHifr ciiaJirnb H-CKOJIbKO 3aM-
qaHia Inpejactl~aTeJrb O6uecTBa A. C. ByAHoJIoBHqn-.


3ac Aa ia
19 neRa6p. 1897 roxa.
Bb 3acfJaaHix-b npHcyyTCTBOBaJIH qeIeHbI 06mecTBa rr.
H. A. AjieKcaHatposb, B. F. AjeKc-eBb, B. A. AjaHacbeB-',
JI. C. BorymeBcKaa, .C. K. BorymeBcKin, A. C. ByHJTnoBnHqb,
H. H. BRJIHBCKii, B. E. JaHHJeBHqb, M. H. aHpyNHHHHa, A. cQ.
3aqHHCKift, H. JI. KoHAaKOB-, M. E. KpacHoCeH-, B. fI.
Kyp9HHCKiii, A. C. HeB3opoB-b, E. B. HITyxoB-b, C. H. Pome,
B. H. CpeaHeBcUif, A. C. UapeBcKif, H. JI. HIaTajaOBa A.
H. SIcHHCKifi.
I. Bi 3aKpblTOM-' 3acbaJaHiH 061mecTBa H36paH- nocpen-
CTBOM'b 3aKpbITOH 6aJIJIOTHpOBKH (Ha OCHOB. 6-ro VcTaBa 06-
muecTBa) H $4CTBHTejIbHbIM'b qJIeHOMb 06U6ecTBa japeKTOp'b
lOpbeBCKOfi KRJaccHqecKOf rHMHa3iH H. H. HIBaHOB-b.
II Bab OTKpbITOM'b 3ac+aaHi 06mecTBa CeKpeTapb 06-
mIecTTa M. E. KpacHomeH- cAJnaia coo6mLeHie Ha TeMy: ,,po-
HcxomneHie cTapoKaTonJIHecTBa H IV HHTepHauioHaJIbHbli cTapo-
KaToainHecKiH KOHrpecc- ,b B Hb BH". (Coo6mneHie 3TO Haneqa-
TaHO B- HaCTOI5IIeM- TOMt C6opHHKra UIJIHKOM'b.) I '
B'b npeHiaX'L no TIOBoay coo6meHni r. KpacHoweHa rIpp-
HRJIH yqacTie rr.: ByjHMIOBHnb, KypqHHCKi H, HeB3opOBat, f3Ty-
xoBb, CpeaHeBcKif H 5ICHHCKr.i.

3acaHiaa
29 uHBapH 1898 roxa.
B' sbacianJaHi5x- npiHcyTCTBOBaRiH mJIeHb O06mecTBa rr.
H. A. AjneKcaHnlpoBb, B. r. AAeKxc-eBb, JI. C. BorymeBcKaa,
C. K. BorymeBcKif, A. C. By AJIOBH-b, B. E. IaHHJIeBHqb,
M. H. ApyHHHHHL-, H. H. HBaHOBb, B. n. KypqnHcKini, A. B.
HessopoB-, A. B. HHKHTCKifi, E. B. rIHTyxoB-, C. H. Pome,
A. C. IapeBcKii, E. A. HepHoycosb, M. A. tIHKOBWHI H A. H.
5CHHCKii.






XXIV

I. Bs 3aKpbITOM'- 3acaaHiH 06OmecTBa s36paHbl nocpeA-
CTBOM' 3aRKpbITOi 6aJIJOTHpoBKH (Ha OCHOB. 6-ro 061xecTBa)
AfHtCTBHTeJIbHbIMH qIJIeHaMH 06IecTBa: HHclneKTOp'b HapojtHbux
yqHnJIHm E. A. rpanBHT a npenoraaBaTejib IOpbeBCKofi KJac-
cHqecaof FHMHa3iH H. A. CKpa6HH'b.
no noBOuy npeaioKeHia COBiTa o HaneqaTaHiH TpyjOB-b
YqeHO JIHTepaTypHaro O6tecTBa, no cocTaBjeHHOii npo(.
E. B. [IbTyxoBbiM'b nporpaMMt, co6paHie nocTaHOBHIo nepe-
naTb (Ha OCHOB. 30-ro YCT. O6m.) npHHaJuIewKamli eMy Bs
3TOM'b oTHomeHiH npana COBsTy Ou6mecTBa, npi eMb sbicKa-
aajio no)RenaHie, 'qTo6bI, npH Ba16opt cTaTefi nJIaI neraTH, 6buo
oTaaBaeMo npeHMymIecTBO npoqHTaHHbIM-' B'h 3acgiaHiaxb 06-
mecTBa pe4epaTaM~ nepeanb CTaTbHMH, Ba 3acCalaHiRX- 06me-
CTBa He IpOqHTaHHblMH, H CaMOCTORTeJIbHblM- CTaTbhIM- epeA-l
nepeBonaMH. Co6paHie nocTaHOBHIo BbinHcaTb a ns 6H6AioTeKH
06muecTBa 9HgIKnoneamqecifi cJIoBapb BpoKrayaa a 9(poHa.
II. B- OTKpbITOM'b sacijtaHiH 066meCTBa atfiCTBHTeJabHbIM
qiaeHOM- O6mecTBa C. H. Pome cn aoaHo 6iuio coo6meHie Ha
TeMy: ,,O HOB'~fiImxbh H3CJtIOBaHisAxb no HaUioHaJJHOn JIHTe-
paTyp+ QIpaHuin IX-XII BB. H o6 06 o6eM- 3HaqeniH OTHO-
cams.xca cioxa nponsBeleHiHf." BB npeHiHax no IOBoay coo6-
meHi5i r. Poue npHHHJIH yqacTie rr. ByaJHJIBHI- H 5cHHCKifi.
B'- TOM'b e 3act faHin qJIeH-L O6mecTBa A. H. JCHHCKiri
cantjia.an coo6meHie Ha TeMy: ,,eincKoe H3BaCTie XIV B. o pyc-
CKOM' MeTaJIJIHecCKOM% nponusBO cTBs." (Coo6mueHie 3TO Ha-
neqaTaHO Bb' HaCTOaImeMT TOMt C6opHHKa UaJIHnKM'b.)

3actanie
19 (eBpajia 1898 roaa.
Bb sacabaaHiH npHcyTCTBOBaan n qJeHb O6mecTsa rr. H. A.
AieKcaHnpoB-h, JI. C. BorymeBcKaa, C. K. BorymeBCKiH, A. C.
ByaninoBHqsb, H. H. BtJIaBcKifi, B. E. JaHHwneBWaL, A. cQ. 3a-
9HHCKiif, H. 14. HBaHOB%, A. C. HrHaTOBCKif, M. E. KpacHo-
meH'i, B. H. KypHHCKRifi, F. B. JIeBHUKifi, B. K. MaJbM6epr-,
A. C. HeB3oposB, A. B. HHKHTCKii, E. B. H-fTyXoB-b, C. H.
Pome, A. C. IlapeBcRii, E. A. HepHoycoB-h H A. H. 5ICHHCKift.
HIJIeH', 06mIecTBa A. H. 5ICHHCKRir crlnaJIaJb coo6rueHie Ha
TeMy: ,,06b oxpaeH H aeeHi n 3aceJH CTenIHOi OKpaHHb MOCKOB-
CKaro FocyxapcTBa B- KOHAth XVI H HaqaJt XVII BB."
B- TOM'b )Re 3ac-alaHiH qjieH- O6mecTBa B. E. JaHHJIe-






XXV

Bsnq- caJlaJir coo6neHie: ,,O coq4HeHiH r. JIncKopOHCKaro:
HcTopia HfepecjiaBabcKof seMJIH cb apeBHn'uiHX'b BpeMeH-b ao
nnoIoBHHb XIII CTOWiTia. Kies-b 1897 r."
ITo coo6meHiro r. UaHHnieBvqa, coqHHeHie r. JIAcKO-
poHcxaro COCTOHTo H3Th 8 rmasB H BBneeHiz. ABTOp-, BHAIHMO,
OTHeCChl ecbMa Ao6pocoBACTHO Kb CBOeI 3saifaqf H coo6uaeTm
aame Koe-KaKia HOBbIH flaHHblI Ho HCTopnqecKof reorpa(iH
H apxeoioriHn lepecniaBJibcKaro KHHiSecTBa, ao CHX-b nop'b He nfo-
sBJIHBmicS B'a neqaTH. KC cowaj$aHir), 3TH HOBbl jiaHHRHH, KaKR
H BCe OTHocUmieecS KwE rIepecnaaBnbCKoMy KHsHmecTBy, saTepn-
BaioTCH BWa Macc TaKHX' noflpo6HOCTei, KOTOpblH HHqerO o6-
maro c' fIepecaaBanbCKHM% KHHieCTBOM'- He lHMtiOTr. Boo6me,
aBTop-b HeaOCTaTOMHO peaJbeJ HO BbIHBHnYJI~ oco6eHHOCTH B
HCTOpin H 6biTr H3cJaiiyeMof4 HM' TeppHTopiH. KppoM Toro,
3aMtqaIOTCH HeaocTaTOKa Bas njIaHt H HKOTopaf nyTaHHOCTb
TepMHHOB'b. Ba 3aKaxoqeHie, MOWHO BbICKa3aTb no)eJIaHie, qTO6bI
aBTop-b HCRJIKObKO COKpaTHJnb H nepepa6oTrana CBOA oQepKb.


3actAaHia
5 MapTa 1898 roaa.
B' 3ac'tlaHixa'b npcyTCTBOBaiaH eHbi O6mecTBa rr. B. F.
AneKcieB'b, JI. C. BorymeBcKas, C. K. BorymeBcKifi, A. C.
ByaHJIOBIuTb, H. H. BianaBClKif, B. E. ,aHHjieBHnqs, H. H. HBa-
HOWa, M. E. KpacHomeHb, M. H. KpamieHHHHHKOBI, A. C.
KpHBUOB-b, A. C. HeB3opoBb, A. B. HHKHTCKif, E. B. fI'Ty-
XOB'b, C. H. Pome H A. H. .ICHHCKii.
I. Ba~ 3aKpbITOM'b 3ac'jiaHiH 06ruecTBa s36paH- nocpea-
CTBOM'b saKpuTOi 6ajaJOTrpoBKH (Ha OCHOB. 6-ro YCT. 06um.)
at'IbCTBHTeJIbHbIMb 'JIeHOMb 06mnecTBa npernoaaBaTeJb IOpbeB-
CKO* YqHTeJIbCKOi CeMHHapiH M. H. CTOJspOB-b.
BcTynHJIH B'b qHCJIO qjeHOBb 06mecTBa (Ha OCHOB. 6-ro
YCT. 06m.) 6e3s 6aajioTHpOBKH: npo(eccopbi HMnepaTopCKaro
lOpbeBcKaro YHHBepcHTeTa M. H. KpameHHHHHKOB- H C. I.
IHpBHHCKiH.
II. Bb OTKpbiTOM'b sachaHani 06mecTBa qYIeHOM-b 06me-
cTBa A. C. KpIHBUOBbIM'- catAaHo 6uio coo6meHie Ha TeMy:
,06b a6cTpaKTHblX'l H MaTepiaJlbHbIX- o6A3aTeJhbCTBaX'b."
Br npeHiax- npuHHaJIH yacTie rr. M. E. KpacHoMeHb1 H
A. C. Hesaopoab.






XXVI


3acaaHnia
26 MapTa 1898 roaa.
Bb sac-alaHiAxb npHcyTCTBOBa~nH sjieHb O6irecTBa rr. B. F.
AneKc'eBes, B. A. A#aHacbeB-, JI. C. BorymeBcasI, C. K. Bo-
rymeBcKi A. C. ByHMJIOBHr-b, E. A. rpaBHT%, B. E. ItaHHJe-
pIlur, A. Q. 3aqHHcKin, H. H. H.HaHOBs, 1. JI. IKoHlaKOB-a ,
M. E. KpacHOweH-, A. C. KpsHBOBT, B. K. MaJihM6eprb, A. C.
HeB3opoBn, A. B. HHKHTCKim, E. B. Il+TyxoBs, C. H. Pome,
B. H. Cpe3HeBoKin, H. A. CKPS64HHt, M. H. CTOJalpOB'h, A. H.
TOMCOH', A. C. LIapeBcKii, E. A. TepHoycoB, M. A. qIHKO-
BHq- I A. H. 5ICHHCKin.
I. B' 3aKpbITOMb 3acUaniai O06mecTBa H36paHbi Ba Mi-
cTBHTeJIbHbIe qnJeHb O6mecTBa nocpeacTBOM'b 3aKpbLTOfi 6ajIioTr-
pOBKH (Ha OCHOB. 6-ro YCT. O6m.) aUpeKTOp'h aCTHOi FrHMHaaiH
Bs ropoa+ IOpbeB FT.JI.Tpe4Hep%, HHcneKTop'b FopoaCKaro Y'H-
jiHra M.A. FaH3ep%, HHcneKTop- PeajiHaro y aJHuxa B.O.3aHut
H meHa npojeccopa B. B. KpnBuoBa.
II. B oTKpbITOM-b sacinLaHiH OI6mecTBa qJIeHOM'b 06ie-
cTBa M. H. KpameHHHHHKOBbIMb' cAlJIaHO 6blJIO coo61leHie Ha
TeMy: ,,AHTHqHb~i 6apoH-b MIoHxrayseH-b (JIyKiaH%, Verae his-
toriae)."
3aMtsqaHiH no noBO.Iy coo6rueHiA cxajlraHu 6bmJI rr. A. B.
HHKHTCKHMl H M. H. CTOJIapOBbIM-.


3actaHia
16 anp-iai 1898 roaa.
B- sachlaHiax' -npcyTCTBOBanjH qneHHb O6mecTBa rr. B. F.
AieKRceBsb, JI. C. BorymeBcKas, C. K. BorymeBcKii, A. C. By-
AHJOBHkqb, E. A. FpaBHTr, B. E. ,LaHHJieBHIL, A. Q. 3aqHHCKiit,
A. C. HrrHaTOBCKif, B. B. KpnHBOBa, A. C. KpHBuOB1b, M. H.
KpameHHHHHROB', 51. H. JIayTeH6ax-, B. K. Ma.bM6eprn, A. C.
HeBaopOBh, A. B. HHHTCKimi, E. B. IITyXOB-h, C. II. Pome,
H. A. CKp5I6aHH, B. H. CpesHeBCKif, M. H. CTOJI3poB-, A. H.
ToMcOH%, r. JI. Tpe4Hep-, M. A. 5IHKOBHqS H A. H. ICHHCHKi.
I. B 3aKpbITOM'b 3aCsa aHiH O6mecTBa, Ha OCHOBaHiH 17
YCT. 06m., Hs36paHa 3aKpubTOHt 6aaJIOTIpOBKOIO KOMIICCi fl JI
rHOB#pKH oTqeTa n IJIa peBHs3iH accbiu HMymecTBa, B a co-






XXVII

cTaB- cJIy3lyiomHxII .nIHUb: JI. C. BorymeBcKof4, H. H. HBa-
HOBa H A. H. JScHHCKaro.
rIocTaHOBJaeHo nepenA- HaqajioM- roAkHqHaro 3ac1aaHiR,HM'lO-
mlaro 6blTb Ba repBOA nOJIOBHH+3 Ma~ MiatcIra, OTCJInymHTb 6Baro-
X.apcTBeHHbIf MOJIe6eH-b.
II. B OTKpbITOM-l 3acXaaaHiH O6mecTBa IflAiCTBHTejIbHbI
ajieH-b O6mecTBa C. K. BorymeBcKifi ca-xiaaj- coo6meHie Ha
TeMy: ,,MUCJIH O HH3iLmeMn ceJlbCKO-xo-3aIcTBeHHOM'b o6pasoBa-
HiH BW- PocciH." (Coo6meHie 3TO HaneqaTaHO B- HacTOHImeM-
TOMI, C6opHHKRa Ih JjIKOM-.)
ITo noBony coo6mueHim r. BorymeBcKaro caljnaHbl 6uilni
3amtqaHis rr. HeB3opOBbl]M- H 5JCHHCKIHM.


3acteaaie
24 anpji;n 1898 roxa.

B saactRaHiH npHcyYTCTBOBaJIH qleHbI O6mecTBa rr. B. r.
AAjeKc;eBs, JI. C. BorymeBcKas, C. K. BorymeBcKif, A. C. By-
HJIosBHub, M. A. FaH3ep-b, E. A. rpaBHnT, B. E. UlaHHJIeBHMb,
H. H. HBaHOBTb, A. C. HrHaTOBCKif, H. JI. KOHaaKOB-I, M. H.
KpameHHHHHHKOBE, B. B. KpHBuOBa, A. C. KpHBUOB-L, B. K.
MajhM6eprb, A. C. HeBsopOBs, A. B. HHKHTCKif, E. B. Hi- '
TyXOBb, C. H. Pome, H. A. CKpa6HH-b, M. H. CTonJIpoB-,
r. JI. TpepHep-, E. A. HepHoycosB, C. I. IHpBHHCKifi, M. A.
5IHROBH4E- H A. H. 5IcHHCHii.
T-aeH-' 06mecTBa A. C. HeB3opoB- czlnJaaJt oo6ueHie Ha
TeMy: ,,H3. npomjiaro reTep6ypra, KaKR ToproBaro nyHKTa"
no coo6meHiio r. HeB3opoBa, nocTpoeHie IeTep6ypra
saBepmiKao nocTynaTenbHoe ~LBHHeHie pyccKHx'b K' Mopro.
0 cTpeMJieHiH HX1a ripHI6IH3HTbCs K' HeMy CBHsln-TeJIbCTByerT
baKT nocTeneHHaro BOSHHKHOBeHi5 TaKHX-b ToproBbIxs nyHK-
TOBs', KaK' HoBropox sa HHM' JIaaora, jLaaje OpmeKwb,
no3,UlHe ToproBu pzAJOK- y Kji+TOK, ewue nose HbLI3H-b
H, HaKOHeu-b, HeTep6yprr- (c% KpOHmTaAfTOM'-). HeBa H HeB-
cKifi 6accefiHT yTHJIH3sHpOBaHb 6bIJIH .UJa i+Bief Topro-
BbIX'b H3AaBHa HoBropojnaMH. Piab ceaeHif Cb pyccnHMH
Ha3BaHiAMH H *HTeJRIMH pyccHaro npoHcxomA(eHi1, KaK' TO
SBCTByeTb H3%b flepenHCHofi oiKJalHORi KHHrH BOTbCKOR nIR-
THHbI 1500 r., roBOpHT-b 3a TO, TO saaojiro Ao 1703 r. 3TOTn






XXVIII

Kpat 6bi;m o6HTaeMb pydcCHMH, qacTiio npoMbIIJIeHHHEa MH H Top-
SroBlaMH. HleTp- BeJHiKi 3asp-friH-na B+'KOByIO pa6oTy pyccKaro
SnpoMbicjioBaro H ToproBaro Jirona yTBeprImTbC Ha HeBCKHX'b 6epe-
rax- yCTpOficTBOM-b HaJJieimau.IHx' npHcnoco6jeHifi Ja Kpyn-
SHaro nopTa. rIocTpofixa KynevecKofi raBaHH oJHOBpeMeHHO
C'b BoeHHOfi, BO3BeALeHie rOCTIHHaro aBopa H npH HeM- 6HpmH
Sa- nepsBe He roubi IeTep6ypra, npurnameHie c- ofi-
laHieM-b jeHeKHaro BOSHarpam-eHiH HHOCTpaHHblXb Kyneqe-
cKHX- Iopa6jefi B-b HOBbiH ropoxnb n T. n., Bce BaKTbi, naiomie
:paBo yTBepwaaTb, 1TO npm 3aanoieHiH rIeTep6ypra ensa nH
He OJIHHnMb H3' rJIaBHblXa coo6pa)eHifi 6blJIO yCTpOfiCTBO Top-
,roaro nopToBaro ropoaa, a He cosiaHie HOBOf CTOJIHIub. Kpt-
HOCTHhIH COOpymeHia 3arIHmIa.iaH TOprOBblfH nyHKTb OT'h Henpia-
TejIbCKHX%1 BTOppmeHii H laJIH BO3MOWHOCTb ITOJUb OXpaHOIO HX%
I mmpoKO H Moryqe pa3BepHyTbY C pycccKoft ToproBJI-. Top-
roaBJi l eTep6ypra ecTb npojxojieHie a paasHTie ToproBJIH
HOBropoacKof, HaqaBIuef nepeKoleBblBaTb K yCTbRiMb HeBU H
SnpHlBHraTbca ciroa Hs- BeaUHaro HoBropoJia sa~aoarono HreTpa
Beajiaro.
BT TOM'b me 3aci+iaHiH qjieH- O6mecTBa A. B. HnKHTcKif
ca+.inajn coo6meHie Ha TeMy: ,,3aMITKH no reorpajpiH jpeBHefi
rpeuin".
PegepeHTa Bs o6mix-' qepTax-b OTMtTHJI'b COCTOIHie
HCTOlHHROB-b lJa nOJIHTHIqecKO reorpa(inH lpeBHefti peuiH H
o6paTHJI- oco6oe BHHMaHie Ha HiKOTOpbme pa3psUbl HanUHceHr,
BeCbMa BaWHbIe Bb reorpaeHCqecKOM- OTHOmeniH, HO emIe Oo
CCHX'- nop-' He HcqepnaHHbie BCJIa ICTBie HeynoBieTBopHTeib-
HOCTH npealomweHHOfi HHTepnpeTauiHn, HJIH HeLOCTaTOqHO MeTO-
nXLHHHaro H3yqeHiH H TpyIHOCTH opieHTHpOBaTbcH B% pa36pocaH-
HOM'b MaTepiaji. 3aTrM'b, OH'I yxasanib paib npieMoB-b aJIA
ToqnHfi HJIH npH6jHas3TeJIbHOIi IoKajH3aUiH lapeBHHXh- noceJIeHif
Ha OCHOBaHiH pa3HblXb HCTOqHHKOB'b, a TaKHe H OII6IKH, AO-
SnycKaeMbi HHIoraa rnpn noKanmauinH. Ho ero MHIHifO, H B'b
HHTepecaxb yme 143BCTHbiXh- reorpaInqecnx1b xaHLbX'b, H B'b
BHJiy nOCTOSHHbIX-b HOBbIX'b OTKpbITifi 6bhJIO 6bI menaTeJIbHO CO-
CTaBHTb TmIaTeJIbHbil CrnpaBOqHbhlf yKaaaTejib BCIX-b pJHIKXb,
COMHHTeJIbHblX'b, HenpiypoqeHHbIXh HJIH HeTOqHO npiypoqeHHbIX'b
reorpaHwqeciKx-b y(a3aHifi, no ipafiHef Mfl;p-, H3'b HanJflcef.
B 3 saKnioqeHie pe(epeHTs yKa3saaJb u AJIbi pIIbn HenpasBanb-
HbLX'b qTeHifl H TOJIKOBaHiii OccyJibe no noBsoy H3aaHHbIX'b HM'b
Tpexb OTpb61BOB-b reorpaaH'ecKaro cnlCKa Lejib4iIcKKHxb npo-






XXIX


KcenOB% HaJI eeopoaoiOB-b (Bulletin de correspondence helle-
nique VII, p. 191-203). OTpEHBKH, H3aaHHbIe y Occyabe B'b
nopaxKt A, B, C, OCHOBaHHOM- TOJIbKO Ha 6oJIbMinx' HJIH MeHb-
IUHX'b pa3MtpaxI HFIX, B'b BHJy nopaSKa nepeqHefi H Ha OCHO-
BaHin H3MipeHia KaMHefi H CTOJ16iOB'b TeKCTa H B' BH y ocTaB-
uHxca He3aHHThlMH HHWHHXi-b acTefi o6iioMKa A, cKopfe HyEHO
pasMtSCTHTb B- nopxaRtK B, C, A, nplTOMiL TaKR, qTO6bl B Ha-
xofJICn1l 3HaqHTeJIbHO Bblme 1 'tMi A H TO6uH CTOJn6ubI I, II H
III B COOTBtTCTBOBajaI CTOJ6iuaM I III H IV A, a eaHHCTBeH-
Hbf coxpaHHBUiflic CTOJI6eULb o6JOMKa C noM-ImalJca Meway
B II H A III. B-i B III Tactolx HJIH TaLotaL, ville inconnue de la
Grande-Grace, KaK- ero HaabIBaeTm Occysbe, HyKHO BIpOaTHO
OTOweCTBHTb c-b ynoMHHaeMEIM' y AnniaHa 6pyTTifiCKuMb ropo-
hOMb Ttola (App. Hann. 44, pyKonacHoe qTeHie He BnoJIH
npoqHO), HaxoIHBIIIHMCS HeiaaieKo OTn Peris: B aeJIbxiicKOMb
cnnHCKe Talaac CTOHTh Memv y TapeHTOMb, FepaKaeefi, IIeTenieff
H JIoKpaMH ci OAlHOH H P e r i e Mi MecceHof C- apyroi CTO-
pOHU. Bi C IV B'b pRst "AXatam, OEp~ca, At nip Occyjie omuH-
60'HO npIHHHJ' OepMbl sa 3TOJificKifi ropoaI nH foTOMy Has-
BaJii Ajnecy H JInnapy HeHS3B'CTHlMHI ropoaaMH, BbiCKa3biBaA
Ci COMHtHieM'b JIHIlb MbICJlb 0 T03{eCTBH AJecb ci OlHHM'b
eeccaJiificKHMb ropoAoM-. B'b aIiCTBHTeJIbHOCTH 3s9'Cb pas-
ylM-rrTCHl ABa cHUHJiificKHx- ropoaa H raaBHblM n H3 JInnapcKHx-
OCTpoBOBa. )Jajisme, BH TOMib ;e cTojin6 Occynje omlU60oHO
nHTaerT [f] UVLi6a H ayMaerb o ropoat KcHHiax- B'i OeccaiiH,
Torala KaK' Ha KaMHEt BHOJIHt HCHO 9HTaeTCH KuvLc8a H, cjito-
BaTejibHo, S3tCb pasyMteTca HeynoMHHaMoe y aBTOPOBbi noce-
aeHie, pacnojiomeHHoe Ha 6epery aToJiicKaro oSepa Kuvia.
Eme HHwce A~ipog HnIH Aacpov y Occyjibe npaBHJILHO Ha3BaH'b
HeH3BtCTHbIMb ropOAOM'b, HO cnpaBKa y CTpa6oHa roBopamaro
o CBsaTHjHnaiu AnoJIonHa JIabpifcKaro oKoJno KaJiHnoHa (X p.
459), a$taeTb nOrTH HeCOMHtHHbM'l, TTO JIapib jieaai-b no
COCtaCTBy Cb KajIHlOHOM- H, MOmoeTb 6blTb, BXOAHJI'b B'b CO-
cTaB-b KanHanoHCKOc of 6aacTH. YnoMHHaHie JIa(pa, KaKb reo-
rpagqnecaaro nyHKTa B'b 3TOJIiH, BecbMa BaHHO B'b BHIay IKyjb-
TOBb 6orOB- JIa4pifHcH'xb, HCXOIHBlUHXi, HBp B THO, OTCIOaja.
Eme HHKe OCTaBJIeHHOe y Occyjbe 6e3'b onoJIHeHii Ka...
6bJIo loHnnJHeHO pe4IepeHTOM-b eme B'b 1884 roay Ha ocHOBaHiH
3anarHO-jo0KpMxacKHXxb HaanHcef (Kdipo). HaKOHeui, eme HHnwe
BMtCTO & V. o0X.. (Occynbe) npea.noeHo qHTaTb &V['I]8&X[qC, XOTH 3TO
HMR H fnBTOpHeTCI Ba cjialyiomef cTpoKR. Bct 3TH nonpaBKH,






XXX

Tax. o6p., naaaIoTB Ha B CTOJI6. Um HA cToA6eutb IV, cocTa-
BJIaBmie, no MH+Hilo pegepeHTa, onrHH- CTO.i6eULb. He Kacaacb
npoqnx-x qacTet naIaITHHKa, KOTOpbIu TaKme HymaoaaITCA Bab
nonpaBKax-b, pe(epeHTm yKasaaib Ha Heo6XOAlHMOCTh TulaTejb-
Haro 4aKCHMHJIHpoBaHHaro nepeH3aaHni ero, TaKa KaK' TOJIhKO
Torla MOmHO pa3JIHauTb OCHOBHbiR qaCTH nepeqni OTh nO3aH'fi-
max-b InojioHeHii n H 3MHeHif. B- cKopoM- speMeHH TaKoe
HMlnaie omnHaaeTcA oTr qpesBbsqailHo aKKypaTnaro anarpa HCTa
H jiyquiaro 3HaToxa eJaibif~CKCHx' HaAnHcefi, oTRpbITb]X' IO
1892 rosa, r. rIoMTOBa, H, eCJIH OKameTc5R cOBnaaeHie npHBeaeH-
HbiX'b Bblie 3aM-TOKb C-' H3cJIAAOBaHieM' nocJrHHfro, TO aTO
6eacnopHo 6yneTm rOBopHTh Ba saamnTy npaBHJibHOcTH npen-
jnoHmeHHbLX' TOJIKOBaHiH.





OTTOeT
o COCTOHiH iaccLu OngecTBa 3a Bpems orT 27 anptaiL
1897 r. no 27 anptas 1898 r.


npnxoA-b.
P. K.
'-IeHcKie B3HOCu. . . . . .. . 138 -
Hoco6ie onT rIpaBjieHiA IOpbeBcKaro YHHBepCHTeTa 450 -
Sca Kanldraa .. . . . . . 7 54
HToro 595 54
Pacxon-b.
KaHUejsipcKia npHHaUIaeMHHOCTH, ny6AjiauinH noqTOBbIe
pacxoAsi . . . . . . .. 49 48
3a pa6oTy no nncsMeHHOf qacTH . . . .. 10 -
HToro 59 48
Kacca HajiHiH H aM enHraMH . . .. 536 6
HToro 595 54






XXXI



OTqeTrb

o cOCTORHiH 6H6aioTeCH 06ImecTBa.


B-s OTeTHOMb roay B'b 6H6nioTeKy 06mCecTsa nocTyn~Ino
KHHIrb: 28 TOMOB'L. Bc KIHHrH 'nOCTynHJIH B-b aapB, a HMeHHO:
OTE E. A. Bo6posa 7 TOMOB'b; OT C. K. BorymeBcKaro -
6 TOMOB'b; OTb A. H. BeceJoBCKaro 4 TOMa; OT IICTopHKO-
DHjoajornqecKaro O6utecTaa npH HHCTHryTyr KHI53S Be36opoxKO
B-b H' mHH I TOM'b; OTb M. E. KpacHomeHa 3 TOMa;
oT7 B. K. ManabMepra 3 ToMa n on0 A. A. HyMHKoBa -
4 TOMa.
KHHrI xpaH5TC5 B I mIKaa~, nOCTynHBIIeMb B a noJIb3oBaHie
O61mecTBa oTh UIpaBjeHia H4nMrepaTopcKaro IOpbeBcKaro YHH-
BepcHTeTa.





CnHeoKb
nIJeHOB'L 06MecTBa rK' 27-My anpta~ 1898 roAa.


AOHIHOCTHbli AMi La:
i. Upexc'$aaTeJIb 06mecTBa AHTOH- CeMeHOBHq's ByAnJIo-
BH'b, PeKTop- HMnepaTopcKaro IOpbeBcKaro yHHBepcI-
TeTa.
2. ToBapHul npenci$naTenj -- EBreHii BaqecjaBoBHsk ITTy-
xoB-, npobeccopP Toro-me yHHBepcHTeTa.
3. CeKpeTapb MaxaHnab EropoBHkW KpacHO)KeH->, npo0ec-
copb Toro-we YHHBepcHTeTa.
4. KasHaqefi Ceprfih Ka3HMipOBHqE BoryumescKii, npo ec-
coph Toro-wKe YHHBepcHTeTa.
HTleHbi CoBnbTa O6mecTBa:
5. BHccapioH'- rpHropbeBlb AJxeRcteB'-, npojeccop'- Toro-me
yHHBepcHTeTa.






XXXII

6. AjeKcaHJap- BacinbeBHks HHKHTCKift, npojeccoph Toro-we
YHHBepCHTeTa.
7. CTenaH s HBaHOBHq'L Poume, neKTop-b #paHuyacKaro f3bIKa
Toro-we YHHBepcITeTa.
8. BH6aioTeKaph AnaMb cOpaHUOBH4q' 3ainHHCKii, npo ec-
cop'b Toro-,ae YHHBepCHTeTa.



AtCTeNTeJIbHbe qIeHbl :

i. Aj eKcaH po B HnKojiaf AaeKcaHilpoBHsq', RoueHT-b
BeTepHHapHaro HHCTHTyTa (c' 20 oKTa6pa 1897 r.).
2. Ai e K c e B BnccapioHb rpHropbeBHnq-, npogeccopb
uHHBepcHTeTa (c- 27 anp'tia 1897 r.).
3. AHH p y coB HuRonaji HIBaHOBHnib, npo4eccopb YHH-
BepcHTeTa (c-' 27 anpruia 1897 r.).
4. A 4 aHa he B- BaqecjiaBs AaeKcBeBHsr-, npoceccop-
YHHBepCHTeTa (c- 27 anp'hi 1897 r.).
5. B o r y e c K an, JIhoAMHjna Cepr-eeBHa, meHa npo eccopa
YHHBepcHTeTa (cb 23 oKTan6p 1897 r.).
6. Bor y meBCKi i, Ceprt$i KasHMipoBHqI npoQeccop'
YHHBepcHTeTa (c- 27 anpian 1897 r.).
7. B y a JI B I-, AHTOH'I CeMeHOBHq%, PeKTop- YHHBep-
CHTeTa (c- 27 anpaJIA 1897 r.).
8. B tnI B C a i IH, HHKoaa HnHKoaeBHsa, npobeccop-b YHH-
BepCHTeTa (ci 23 OKTR6pS 1897 r.).
9. Bac HJb e B a CTenaHh MHxajiOBHqb rb, npoCeccop- YHH-
BepcHTeTa (cb 27 anptin 1897 r.).
o1. F a H 3 e p b, MapTbIHL AHTOHOBHqb, HHCneKTop'b Fopol-
CKaro yqsjinma (cT 26 aarycTa 1898 r.).
II. F pa 6 ap b, BaanHMip% 3MMaHyHynoBHq', joueHTB YHHBep-
cHTeTa (c' 27 anptias 1897 r.).
12. F p a B H T ', EpMOIati AHaHbeBHq'b, HHCneHTOp'L HapoAIHbXb
ys'HnJnmI (Cb 29 aHBapSI 1898 r.).
13. aa HHn e B H 'i Baciiifi E4HMOBHq'I, yqHTeJb PeaibHaro
YqHanHua (e- 23 oKTrn6p 1898 r.).
14. a p y a H H H 'b, MHxaHJiiiB BaHOBHq1', npo eccop-, YHH-
BepcHTeTa (c-' 27 anpsu a 1897 r.).
15. A b K OHOB 'b, MHxaHJiif AJIeKcaHnpoMBHq-, unpo4eccopB
YHHBepcHTeTa (c- 27 anp-ba.j 1897 r.).






XXXITI

16. 3 a H C i f, AiaMa'b (paHuoBsrb, npo4eccop- YHHBep-
CHTeTa (c- 27 anpjin 1897 r.).
17. 3aHan-, Bacniifi OcHnoBHq'b, MHHCeKTop- PeajbHaro
YVq4nuia (c- 26 MapTa 1898 r.).
18. 3 H a M e H C K i f, HHonafi eTpoBHnq-, yqHTeJab FHMHaaiH
(ci 23 oKTS6ps 1897 r.).
19. H B a o B h, HHmKoIa HBaHOBHqW-, iHpeKTopb rFHMHa3iH
(cm 19 leKa6p5i 1897 r.).
20. HrHaTOBC Kii, Ai'aHacifi CepreeBHqw-, npoQeCCop VYHH-
BepCHTeTa (c- 27 anpiu' 1897 r.).
21. KOHA aK OB -, HBaH- JlaBpeHTbeBHqb, npo eccop-h YHH-
BepcHTeTa (ch 27 anp-hns 1897 r.).
22. K pacHo eH b, MHXaHELni EropoBurb, npo eccop-b YVn-
BepcHTeTa (cb 27 anphiJx 1897 r.).
23. Kpa e H H H HH KOB a, MHxaHJiY HHKrHTHMb, npo4(eccopb
YinaepcHTeTa (c- 5 MapTa 1898 r.).
24. K pH B Ba, Bapsapa BacHJIbeBHa, ReHa npo eccopa
HHsBepcHTeTa (ci 26 MapTa 1898 r.).
25. K p H B B AneKcaHtpb CepreeBsa,, npo eccop- VHH-
BepCHTeTa (c- 27 anpjia. 1897 r.).
26. Ky 3 H e u B HHKojiai HBaHOBHsaI, npodeccop-b YHHBep-
CHTeTa (cb 27 anpnia 1897 r.).
27. Ky p q H C K i Bacif ai fHajaaiieBHqb, npobeccop-b YHH-
sepcHTeTa (c% 23 OKTS6pH 1897 r.).
28. JIayTeH6ax ', YKOB-b HH14AeBHqE', JieKTOpT H npHBaTr-
.noueHTb YHHBepc4TeTa (cb 27 anpknii 1897 r.).
29. JIeBHHCOH-'-JIeccHHr' c(paHua IOIieBHqb, npo ec-
cop-b YHHBepCHTeTa (c-b 24 anpJtia 1897 r.).
30. JI e B H U K i fi, rpHropiFi BacHJneBHs-B, npoQeccop-b YHH-
BepcHTeTa (c' 27 Anp'Jim 1897 r.).
31. Ma .n b M6 ep r BjanuMip- KOHCTaHTHHOBHb9i, npo)eccop'
YHHBepcHTeTa (c- 23 OKTSI6p5 1897 r.).
32. M H K .i a m e B C K i fi, AneicaHap-b HnHKojaeBHwql npo4eccopb
VHHBepcrCeTa (ci 21 anpjia 1897 r.).
33. He B 3 0 p B AneicaHmp-b CepanMoaBHqb, npobeccop-
YHHBepcHTeTa (cb 27 anp3a 1897 r.).
34. He a e B h, BacHniit MHxafJIOBHIIq, npo eccop VHHBaep-
CHTeTa (c- 27 anpnim 1897 r.).
35. H HK H T c i AneKcaHLap- BacHjneBHEa', npo eccopa YHH-
sepcHTeTa (c- 27 anpjian 1897 r.).




J *' I


SXXXIV

, 36. H H K o n a e B C K i R, AneKcaHnp-b BacHjbeBiqb, npoToiepefi
; ocoJIbCKOa ILepKs BHa BtH B (c- 23 OIKTR6p 18Q7 'r.).
S 37- O0 e, 5IKOB-b IpHnpHxoBHnsq, npoeeccopt YHHBepCHTeTa
(cC- 27 anpt mI 1897 r.).
S38. II a B jiB, AaeKcaHap-b HIaBAOBHlub, yqnTeJIb nHMHa3iH
(c-b 23 OKTa6pIj 1897 r.).
39. II eTp o B, BacHJifi BacujibeBHYa yqHTeaji FHMHa3iH (c'
S23 OKT56pa 1897 r.).
40. H p1an HK 1, AieKcaHup-b MapTHHOBHIq, AoIIeHTb YHHBep-
SCHTeTa (c7 27 arnpt-h 1897 r.).
41. fI Ty x o B EBreHifi BaqeciaBOBHq-b, npogeccop-b YHH-
BepcHTeTa (c-i 27 anp-hJa 1897 r.).
S42. P o e, CTenaHT HBaHOBHMIh, jIeKTopL YHHBepCHTeTa (c'i
S27 anptJiI 1897 r.).
43. C a B C K i i, AJieKcaHAlp% HBaHOBsHnb, npofeccop-b VHH-
SBepClTeTa (ct 27 anp'in 1897 r.).
S44. C K pa 6 H H Ha, HxKonaif AjieKcaHaipoBHqti, yqrTejn FrHMHasiH
S(c-b 29 5IHBapI 1898 r.).
45. C p e 3 H e B C i I, BopHCc H13MaHIBHqs npogeccop- yHH-
BepcuTeTa (c' 27 anptjia 1897 r.).
S46. C T ro0 p o B MHxaHjar HHKonaeBHq's yqrHTeJIa IOpheB-
SCKORI YIHTejibCKOH CeMHHapin (c-b 5 MapTa 1898 r.).
S47. TOMCOH ', Apseas HBaHOBHI a, npHBar -AojeHT' VHH-
BepcHTeTa (crb 27 anp-hsL 1897 r.).
48. Tpe Hep p', Tyro JIroeBHroOBHm nupeKTop-' qacTHor
FrMHa3iH Ba r. lOpbeBd (ca- 26 MapTa 1898 r.).
49. U, ap e B C K i ApceHifi CeMeHOBHs npoToiepef, npo4Iec-
copi YHHBepcHTeTa (c-b 27 anpical 1897 r.).
50. H e p Ma K b, HHKoJIaf KapjooBsH npobeccop-x YHHBep-
CHTeTa (c- 27 anpjaiH 1897 r.).
51. epH y o Bc EBreHifi AjeKcaHnpoBHs-, yqHTeas Peajs-
Haro Y'HJHIIa, (c'% 23 OKTRa6p5 1897 r.).
52. U na b, BiaaXHip-b eDeaopoBHta, npo eccopT YH4HBepcH-
TeTa (csb 27 anp-hsi 1897 r.).
53. T H P B H HC K i i, CTaHHCiiaBi IocH4)OBHqE % nipo(eccoph YHH-
BepCHTeTa (c-s 5 MapTa 1898 r.).
54. IIIa Ta jo0 B HBaH-B JIoHrHHOBHq-b, HIHCreKTop-T Hapoa-
HbIxa yIHnJIHIr (c-B 23 OKTa6p5i 1897 r.).
55. III y p jo, EBreHii (I)paHUOBHqh, npo(eccop I YHHBepcH-
TeTa (c-b 27 anp-dJiH 1897 r.).






XXXV

56. 5 H K 0 B H ', Mapiq AaaMOBHa, yHrTeJIbHHua MapiHHCKaro
YqHjimua (cn 23 OKT5i6pI 1897 r.).
57. cH HCK i i, AHTOH-' HHKIHTH-', npo0)eccop- YHHBepcH-
TeTa (c- 27 anpjimI 1897 r.).



































































































































































i.













r







C
















OTW'Jrb Hay'HbIH.












ppoucxoziexie Cmapokamoiumecm6a
H
IV 4HTepHaii0HaJIbHhli cTapoKaTojnHmeexi
KOHrpecce s B'Hb,
Ce npfIOe2HieMs MaTepiaJoBrb, oTHoOfII IxcH aS BonpOCy 0
coeuHHeHiH cTapoxaTonjIOBs eC% npaBOcInaBHHH..
,,Ecmb y MeHA u Opysix oev06, COmopbls
ne ceo 6eopa; u mmla naadaemums Mnm
npusecmb: u oHrb ycabgtuamz szooC Moii, u
6ydems oduo cmado u odum flacnmbpb".
loan. X, 16.
,,KaeoAuwecrcaA gepKoeb eduna, nepas-
y lla u sepas adbna.a". Kunpianm xapeaz.
(Ep. 65 aO. Rogatianum).

Bea' BtpH npoiHT Y ,TpyAHo. Bonpocu peinria Bceria
rJJy6oKo HHTepecosanH qejoBtIec KOe o6lmecTBO; B' nocitAHee
RpeMa 8TOT% HHTepeC' Kx pejnrio3HM'M BoupocaMb cAnajca
oco6eHHo a3aMtTHUbIM, AoKa3aTeJInCTBOM% qero, MeMaly DpoqIH%,
MO0eTr% cJIya;Tb nponHxoIAHBsmi Brb aBPryCT (cTap. CT.) npo-
muaro roAa Br BIHt IV KHTepHali0HaJIbHhfir TapoKaToanHecKiff
KOHrpecc%, npHBaejiemit Kb ce6t BHHMaHie He OAHHX% TOJIKO
cneLianHCTOBs%-6oroCJiOBOB%, HO H Bcero o6pa30BaHuaro o6inecTBa
Boo6mie.
Ho upeatAe qMtu roBOpHTL 06'% TOMr KOHrpecct, Ha KO-
TopoML yLaaocb upHcyTCTBsoaTb aBTopy HacTOainef CTaTLH, He-
o6xoa4Mo cKa3aTb HrhCKOJIhKO CJIOB' 0 CTapoKaTOJInIqeCTBt Boo6mfe.
ITO aWe TaKoe cTapoKaTOJIHqeTBO H Ba qeMi 3aKmioqaeTcaS
ero 3HaqeHie AJiia Hac% npaBocjiaBHHux? ?
CG caMux' nepuBhlX BpeMeHI xpHcTiaHcKo0 HCTOpiH, Mip%
xpHCTiaHCaii pa3A nHc.aCI Ha ABA rJIBHuaH IacTH: Ha BOCTO9Hy)I
iH anaaHytO. BOCTOMHaJI HOrOBHHa xpHcTiaHcKaro Mipa, no upe-
o6iapaiomemy cocTaBy HaceneHim, a3lKy, HpaBa~I H xapaKTepy
IqHBsHJ3auii, 6uiaa npeHuylecTBeHHo rpeqecKo ), SanalHa& -






2

JIaTHHCKIo. 1) OcHOBaHiqa lepKOBHoft 2 HH H HHCTOqHHKH IpaBa
nepKOBHaaro Ao pa3SfieHiH IlepKBef H Ha BOCTOIK, mH Ia 3anajA
B' o6meineM 6hUJIH oaHaKOBU. OjH H n T ; me 6unI Bba BO-
CTOIHOI H S3aInajiHO f IepKBH OPrMaTM Btpbl, OAHH H Tt ;e, HpaB-
CTBeHHMIJ HaRaaa xpHcTiaHcKOI AEH8HH, OAHHW H Tt me CB. TaHHCTBa,
OJnHH H TI me OCHOBHulI npaBHna rIepKOBHaro ycTpOCTBra H
6orocnymeHia. BuInH, npasAa, HtKOTOPIpu pasHOCTr B o6pqaaxb
uIepKOBHMuXb, Haup., Bs uocTaxb, HMeHHO, Ha 3anaAi yTBepaMHca
nICT'L B' cy66oTy, Ba naMaTb norpe6eHit XpHaToBa; Memay
TtM' Ha BOCTOKI IIOCTHTECH BL Cy660Ty, KpOMt OAHOtf BeJIHKOf
Cy660TU, CTporo BocnpemaJIoeI, noTOMy WTO OTOT% nOCT' nep-
BOHaqajIHO yCTaHOBTeH5 6uLIM% HKOTOPUMH epeTHKaMH ci sno-
HaMtpeHHOIO epeTHqecKoio Mbcnii Ha BOCTOK' IIcOCTHJIHCb B'
cpeAy iH nfTHHay; Ha 3auaA H, Ha OTHBL, B'L cpeAy H naT-
H1qy Kaam8Eof He-ajH H BO BCIO nepayio Heatmo BeJnKaro IlocTa
pa3ptimajocb EcTh MOIOKO, cup' i sH iia. BuaIa pa3HHa a B'L
coBepmeHiH TaHHCTBa MvponoMasaHia : Ha 8anaA~ OHO coBepmanocb
HenpemtHHo enHCKonoro, a Ha BOCTOKf MOPnJO 6hTb coBepmeHo
H CBoaHLeHHHKOM'L. 1o camMOy mMy BHmHeMy BHy 8anaAHoe Ayxo-
BeHCTBO OTJIHqaJIOCh OT' BOCTO'Haro: Ha 3anaAt UyxoBHae 6pHJH
6opoply, CTpHPaIH BOIOCu; Ha BOCTOIK fe 60poliu He 6pHJH, a
BOnocuI HOCHJIm A2IHHHme. ajite, Ha 3anattl eine c IV BtKa
3a3amqaeTca, a Bs nocaItAyronlie BeKa 6oate H 6oare pacnpo-
CTpaHaeTC H yTBepataeTca o6bmaft 6ea6pa'ia AyXOBH6Iux nM9b;
Ha BocTOKI Me KaWavOMy Hs14% yxoBHIXI JIHLn' npeOocTaBaeHa
6IIa CBo60oAa BCTyniaTb B'b 6paK' Ao pyKouojiomeHid, Him
BecTH 6ea6paqHyio MaHHb. Buin H jipyria paaHocTH. Ho act
8TH pa3HocTH He KacaJIHC cyIIlHOCTH BpblI H He Hapymana
coosa IIepKBeft. HaAo npa BTOM'b 8aMtTHTh, qTo Bab peBHeif
IIepKBH BOI0o6e uonycKanacb 3HaqHITeIIHafI CBo60oa H pasHoo6-
paaie BO BH'IHHX'b o6paJaax'; Tpe6oBaaocb TOMaKO, qTo6u cy-
mlecTBeHHlH OCHOBL iepKoBHOf~ aKHBHH .IrMaTM BtpI, OCHO-
BHbuI Haqaaa nepKOBHaro ycTpo]fCTBa Bea8t 6uLj OAHH H
1) IIpoToiepef A. M. HBan oBsb-IIJIaTOHOB b: 0, p HMConM% KaTOJIH H3M
H ero oTHomeHiaxi Kimb paBocJiaBio". MocKaa 1869. lacTb I, cTp. 1.






3

Tt Me, H wqTO6bh O OBC'btx DepKBax' bGJi onHHTn 6paTKeift
xpHcTiaHcKiA ,yx' 1).
B7 VI BtKt1 no P. X. nosBJIaeTC pasawnie uemay IlepKBaun
yMe BH BtpoyqeHiH; HMeHHo, Ha 3auaAt cL VI BtKa CTaJfr pacnpo-
CTpaHHTbCH oco6oe MH'Hie o6'b cxomAeHiH CB. jyxa OTT OTIja
H CuHa (Filioque), BonpeKH ApeBHeuy CVMBony Btp, no KO-
TopOMy Iyx' CBHTbf1 HCXOlHT'L TOJILKO OTb OTIa; HO OTO
MHtHie Ao IX BtKa He 6 lJIO H Ha 3anaAt nIIPHSTO nOBceMt-
CTHO H He B0BO LH4OCb Ha CTeneHb o6muenpH3HaHHaro IepKOBbIo
AorMaTa Btpu 2). Boo6ine, 3Ta pa~.HOCT Bs BtpoyqeHnin orna
6M 6mTb ycTpaHeHa MHPH1Mb ocymyeHiieM' H coriameHieMb,
a caia no ce6t, 6uTb MoKeTL, eige He npHBeaa 6ci KT TOMy
neqanbHOMy asJIeHilI B% xpHCTiaHCKOMb Mip, KOTOpoe MBUeCTHO
noAL HIMeHeM' paa8tjieHia UepKBef. CyigeTBeHHoio npnHHHOIO
paspuLBa MuemAy BOCTO'qHOIO 3analaHo1) IepKBaMH 6ilJ4 iepap-
XHqecRia HecorJaciA pHMCKHX% nain cL KOHCTaHTHHOIOJbICKHM
naTpiapxaMH. IIanu, BonpeKH caMoMy gyxy xpHCTiaHCTRa H
npaMuhIM BaBtlmaHiaHM' I. XpacTa, CTa i MesTaT o0 BepXOBHOM'
rocnoHACTBt H nepBeHCTBf HaSaeL BCtM'b xpHCTiaHCKHM' MipOML,
CTaas npocTHpaTb CBOH BJIacTOJIIO6HBisIH npHTHsaHi He TOJIbKO
Ha Bet 8anaiHius, HO H Ha BOCTOHbsI I12epKBH; KOHCTaHTHHO-
nobJcKie ;Re naTpiapxH, KawK rjaBHb e ipejcTaBareHI npaBo-
cjaBHaro BocTOKa, BHAI BW% npHTHsaaHisx% nancKHr'L ocKop6jaeie
H 6onimyio onacHOCTb JaI CBO6oA H npasa Bceft I]epKBH, COqJIH
CBOHM'L AOJIroM' AaTb HM' p'$IeIHTeJIbHbEI OTnOp'. H8a 8sa
BTOrO BOsHHrJIH BtKOBue Cnopbl MemAfLy pnMCKOH) H BOCTOqHOIO
IIepKBaMH, KOTOp~e H KOHHJ HCb ptmHTejabHIM' paapUBOM'a
Exti BsaaHMHaro coIosa 3).
Co BpeMeHH pasa~ eHie IaepKBef, B% aanauaoiHO UepKBH Bce
6oaie Hi 6oite CTaiH pacnpocTpaHaTbCH a HocoriIaCHSI a c peB-
HHuM npeAaHiaMH HOBOBBseAeHi B'a yqeHia BtpE, giepKOBHOM'L

1) TaMi me, cTp. 6, 8-11.
2) A. M. HBauiHosB-IIJIaTOHOB': ,0 aanaaHIuxs BspoHcnoBDtanisax".
MOoBsa 1894, CTp. 3.
3) OaB me: ,O pHMOeOM' KaTOHJIMIBMt". S. I, CTp. 18-15.
1*






4

ycTpotTB' n 6orocjyxeHai. rJIaBHOoto npHqHH0lo STOMy 6u Io
caMoe pasAtnejrie IepKBen. PaaopBaBs coi0os c b BOCTOqHOIK
IrepKOBboI, 3auaiHaa lepKOBb JIHHJIuacb sBb HeAt upocatineHHao
pyKoBOHTejbHHHAnI, KOTOpaR Morjia BO BpeMS OCTaHaBJaHaTb H
npeAocTeperaTrb anaAHuxi 60rocaoBoB'b M npaaHTejeil lepKoB-
HhbX'b OT'b HaupeHHUXI H HeHaMtpeHHhlX'b OuIuHOKb H OTCTyn-
ReHii f1). Meryv npoqniHM MHIHide 06o HCXOAeHiH CB. Jyxa
OT'b OTIla H CIHa AtiaeTca Tenepb yme o6I enpHHamThIir aor-
MaTOmb pHMCKoB IepKBH. )Ian e, Bb pHMCKo f IIepKBH pacnpo-
cTpaHseTCa o6uqaft coBepulaTb aHTypriro Ha onptcHOKaxqb. HaKo-
HeI'L, BJiacTOJiIo6HBaI UpHtTH3aHi l nan, IIpHBOjITb Kb HOBmeCTBy,
npoTHBopa~eqamleMy ocHOBHOMy yqeiio xpHCTiaHCKoft pelarin MU
pa3yMsfeM'r AorMaTT% 0 uant, KaK' BHZ1HMOR raiaBB UepKBH H
BepXOBHOMb BceMipHOM' MOHapxt. jorMaT'a aTOT COCTaBJIIeTrB
ocHOBaHie Bcef pHMCKO-KaTOHI4eCKOi BtponHnoBtAHOR CHCTebI
H AaeT' oco6eHHIun xapaKTep'b BceMy ycTpoR TBy pHMCKoft IepKBH.
3a Hero Kpfnqe Bcero AepmaTCH caMH uanru H pHMCKie 6orocJoBU.
Bo BCtX' LpyrPHx% CBOHX'b MHIHifiXr H Tpe6oBaHifxb OHH rOTOBh
eme AonycKaTh uocia6aeHiRi H yCTynKH; HO orMaT'L o BJIacTH
nancKo1l npH3HaeTcSI NM 3a OCHOBy KaTOJHH8Ma 2). CHaqaJIa
nIlan TOJIKO Ha bBaJIH rjiaBaMH [epKBH, HaM1CTHHKaMH AnIo-
cTOJa IIeTpa, HaMiTHfHKaMH XpHcTa; HaabIBajHam pocTO B's
CMLICJIt IOqeTHarO THTyJIa; IOTOM' HaqaJIH COLeAHHHaT CL BTHMH


1) OHb ae: ,0 3anaA&HbIH BtpoHcnoBstaHiax'b", cTp. 3-4. 06paao-
Bsaie Ha BOCTOK Meelmy rpenaMH, roBOpHT' HBaHIOB'b-IIJaTOOBOB, CTOSaO
B ApeBHOCTH HecpaBHeHHO BLIme, Hemeaj Ha 3anaaAt MemHy JTaTHHaHaMH.
HanpaBJeHie N AtJaTeJIbHOCTb BOCTOIHOR IepKBH OTJIHiaJlHnc no npeHMy-
IleCTBy BbICmHM1 6orOCJIOBCKHM'b gOrMaTHqIOCKHM' xapaKTepOMl. 3cAeb
6uIJI BeJMHKie yIHTeJIH IepeB, ocTaBHBmie Bs CBOHXb npoHaBeJeHiax' & aJi
BCtXi' nOCJa AYIOInlHX' B sBOB' 6ioraTbIft HeHCTOnlHMxift HCTOqHHK'b paay-
MtaHia H TOiraro, BbSpaa3TeJIbHarO, xyfAOecTBeHHaro Ha8OeHiq HCTHH'
sBtp. 3aMBIaTeJIbHm'mie npeACTaBHTeJnI aa naAiHof IlepsKB OTrjIaJIICb
6oraThMH upaKTHIOCIIHMH CIIOC06HOCTSMH; OHH He 6bLu BbtcoKie 6orocjOBH,
- aa TO 6m IH aaMxaTeJibHe nOJIHTHKIH H aJAMHHHCTpaTOpbI, yMBsBmie Aep-
mcaTb IepKoBHHb nopasJOKIb H yTBepm2KaT. BJIinIie IlepKBH npH cambix%
TpyAHHX' o6cToaTeaJIICTBaxiI H UOJIHTHqOecKHx nepeBopoTaxs, as Tt BpeMeHa
lacTO BOJIHOBaBmHnX7 3anaJlb. (,0 pHMCKOM'b KaTOJH IaHMt". 9'. I, CTp. 3-4.)
2) IHBaHnOBsi-IIJaTOHOBs: ,O paHMKOMI KaTOJIHnHaMt". '. I, cTp. 85.






5

HasBaHiaMH onpeAtmeHHoe noHsTie o 60meCTBeHHOCTH nancKoa 0
BJlacTH. CTaJIH yTBepH;maTb, qTO 6e3'b BJIacTH nanCKOl He MO-
2KeT'L CTOfITb UepKOBb, He MO;KeT% AepmaTLCh Bs$pa, He MomeTnb
AfBCTBOBaTb HHKaKai a Apyraa BJaCTb: HH BJIaCTb rocyAapsTBeHHaa
B% MipCKHX'b AtjiaxL, HH BiaTCTL eHHCKOHOB'b H BCeeHHCKX'b
co6opoB% Bs' At nax% 6yXoBHux'b; 6e83% npHsHaHif BIaCTH naucKoit
He MOMeT' CHfacTHCL HH OAHH'l qeJIOBtK'b. rIana MOMeT9' BBOAHTh
HOBLIe IArMaTU 1), MOmKeT' HBAmaBaT HOBhIe 8aKOHlI, KOTOpbIe
alOJIHnJl HMtTb CHaJI BO Bceft epKBH, a ecajn HaAfleT% Hyy-
HLIM%, MO;KeT' OTMtHHTh yJEe H3lAaHHUe UepKOB e aO6 IHHI 2);
nana OAHH' MOKT'eT IIOCTaBJIHTb, Cy ITL, HH3JIaraTb H BOSBBIllaTL
BCt epKOBHhH BJIaCTH 3). OHW MomeTb paspqmaTb rptx
IIOAHM'L He TOJIKO 3a IpoLeAmuee, HO H Ha 6yAylimee BpeMa.
BJiacTb nancKaa npocTHpaeTca He TOJTILKO Ha EHBHhUX BJioAeA H
JIepKOBb 3eMHyIO, HO I Ha Mipr Barpo6HbI, Ha pepKOBL He6e-
CHyIO. OHb MOWKeTb o6ierqaT MyeHlia JI loJ t Ba% HUCTHJHnkl
4, BMfHHSI 8acjyr1H HOlefl npaBeHx JIIOAHM'b rptMIHbIM',
MOIKeT% nepeBOARTb 1 ym~ HB' 'qICTHnJIHaa B% pat panrsme Toro
cpoKa, KaKt OHH caMH DTOFO 3oClacymHJH y Bora4).
Ho, BtAb, Bc9Kiti MOteT% BO3pa3HTb: nana-qe.IBstKIb; KaKb
qeJIOBRK'b, OH%' MOmHeT' BinaCT B'b OllH6Ky, MOaKeTb IIOrptinHTb,
npH nOnbsBBaHiH nepeHcJneHHUmMH Bume paBaMH.


1) 'BtAlTBHTeIbHO, IIpeAImecTBeHHHK' HhIH ItIHarO nauI, nana IIit IX
B'b 1854 roAy IpOBoarJIacHJI AzorMaTrb o HanoponHOb aasaaTiH IIpecBoaTo1 o
RtBI.
2) rpagiaHw roBOpHT'b: ,KXanI XpHCTOCb Ha aehaMJ inomansJIcI 3a-
KOHaMb, HO BS' AtflTBHTeJIbHocTH 6u IaJ BJIaobiMOo aaKoHa, Ta~R H nana
CTOHTb BmIme BCtX'% gepKOBHaIX 3aiKOHOB'b H MomeT'b pacnopaIaTBCH HMH
oBo6o0HO, E&aR' eMy aa6iaropaacyAHTca, HOTOMy ITO eOAHHCTBeHHO OHb ca&M
gaeTr cxHay KamAO2y aaKOHy". Caus. 25, qu. 1, c. 11. 12. 16. H. SI. BtjiaeBw:
,OCHOBHOt UPnIHHIHIIJ pHMCKaro xaTOJHHa3Ma". KaaaHb 1895, CTp. 50.
3) OHW O HH'b TOJIKO HOCHT' TrTyJI'I vicarius Christi H HaaIHBaeTCJI
episcopus universalis, KaKOBLIMa Ha3BaHieMw o6o3HaaaeTca, qTO OHr enH-
CxKOH eaHHcTBeHHbaI BO BceMb Mipt, IrTO TOJIbRO OIHS'b Ol H e OCTb Ba
lAJoiof BeJeHHOI f eIHnnconI Br co6CTBeHHOMe i CMbICJIt. H. SI. B'haesBi, TaM'
ae, cTp. 53.
4) HBaHnosB-nIIaTOHOBn : ,O pHMCKOM'b KaTOJIBU3M'. 'IacTb II, CTp.
90-91.






6


H BOT'b,- T0o6l OKOHqaTebJHO yCTpaHHTb BOBMOKHOCTb Ta-
KOro COMHihHiI, 18 iion0 1870 roAa B- PnMI Ha BaTHKaHCKOM'
co6opt 6obAbucu~cmMeon0 ozowocoea, qero B%' CO60pHotl npaKTHKt
eime He 6uho, npoBoarnamaeTca HOBhfl AOrMaTL: nanut yCBOeHO
60oaecTBeHHoe CBOACTBO HenorptiL MOCTH, TO eCTL eMy IpnHncaHo
CBOACTBO, npHJiHqecTRyioiee oAHOMy Bory.
'TOTL AeHb anoeeosa naHcTsa noIyqaon Ba;KHoe 3HaqeHie
Ana KaTonAHecIKOi IJepKBH. 'ama 6u5ia nepenoIHeHa. Heco-
o6paBHoCTe HOBarO AorMaTa C% OCHOBHbIMP xpHcTiaHCKHMH UO-
HHaTiaMH H paBCTBeHHhIMH Haqa~iaM 6h Ia o'enBH a... H1 BOTL,
Ha caaMOM BaTHRaHcKOMi co6opt oKono 150 jieHOBes co6opa
OTKPhITO BSICKaaJIHCL IPOTHBL% UpoBo3rJIameHia HOBaro AorMaTa.
IIpaBAa, OH' 6EUB'5 IIpHHaT'L 60oJbIkIHCTBOM1 rPOJOCOB'. HO
paS3B MOIHO ptinaTI 60oJII6IuHCTBOM's roaOCOB' BOUnOChl Btpl,
ycTaHaBJIHBaTb aorMaTu? HCTHHa xpHCTiancKaa ecTL 6orooT-
KpoBeHHaa, OHa eCTb HRTHHa Ha BtKH HeOH3MHHaa; OHa Aoj~uia
6uLT, no npeiasiio IUepKBH, ubique, semper, ab omnibus. KaKHMI
ae o6pao30M TaKylo IOJIOaITeAIbHyIO HICTHHy MOMHO noABepraTb
6anjoTHpoBKf? Pas3 o6pasoBaJIOCb Ha co6opt 60oamLuHHCTBO H
MeHbImHHCTBo, 9TO yme cocTaBaI eTb upnHBHaKI ITO H3BtCTHoe
yseHie yKa3aHHOMy OCHOBHOMy IpHHqHnyn He CO0TBO'TCTByeTt.
AtleCTBHTejeHo, ecJH 6u 6aJnJOTHpOBKOIO OuIpeA0IIJIMHCb AOrMaThi
Ha BCeneHKHXL co6opax%, TO npaBocnaBie xaBHo 6uino 6hu yHHuI-
TOaeHO: OHO 6huio 6ui nUOaBaeHo 603oIbIHHCTBOM% HJIH apiaib,
HJH HecTopiaH%, n IH MOHO()HBHTOBa', HJH HKOHO6opIgeBL 1). HCTOpia
BceaeHCKHX'L co6opOB' aoKaashiaeT', HTO He no 60jIIImHHCTBy
rOJIOCOB% n1POBOsaramaJich H yeTaHaBJIHBsaHCb AorMaTri Btpu, a
no eAHHOplymHOMy H cornaCHOMy ptmeHilo OTrOB% co6opOB'.
Ha BceineHCKnx co6opax noCToaHHO BbifBHPraJIcI Ha nephbIf
nijaHL BoInpc'L: BCt JIH npHcyTCTByiomie 3AUCh npeacTasHTeJIH
noM1cTHUx'L riepKBef upHHHMaiOT'L IIpoBoaBramaemiai Btpoonpe-
AtreHia ? TaK% Haup., Ha XaIKHAOHCKOM'L co6opt 451 r. HMne-
paTop, MapKiaHi npaMo cnpocM~J. OTnoBa co6opa: ,nycTb

1) H. BtjieB'a: .IIpoHcxomAeHie cTapoRaToJisecTBa". MocKBa. 1892,
CTp. 36-37.








cKameT' CBHTOf C06o0p, no corJiacito IH BCtX' CBHITIcI1IHX%
enHCKonoBs nposoarBnameHI npo09HTaHHoe TenepL onpe.eieHie?"
OTbIh co6opa OTBtqaJII: ,Bct TaK'L BtpyeM; onHa Btpa, OAHO
MHtHie; BCt TaKt MyapCTByeML; BCt Mhl, coriacEHBumHC, noA-
nHcanH; BCt Mh upaBocJIaBHbI; cia Btpa oTenecKaa, ciI Btpa
anocTOJIcKa ci, ci cipaBocaaiaH, Ci Btpa BcejieHHyIO cnacJIa". 1)
0 cornaci BctX'b BCePAa YAOCTOB'pHJIpHCb Ha npo q4X'b BceIeH-
cKHxIb co6opaxrb, npn noanHCH BtpoonpeAteHitA 2).
Ha BaTHKaHcKOM'L co6op 1870 roaa 6b no, KaitK~ M
CKa8aIH, HHaqe.
TtMi He MeHte, KoPra 60JIbUIHHCTBOM'b qJIeHOB'b co6opa
AOPMaT'b nanCR of HenorptrnuHMocTH 65uJI npIIHHHT, KaTOJinqecKie
enncaonui BE CBOHXb gIepKBaxb CTajH Tpe6OBaTb OT' AyXoBHbXi'
Jng'E H BCtX%' KaTOiHKOBim ero HcnoBtaarHia. TorAa-TO jyqmiie
H)IOAH aToaH'IecCKO HHMTejniHreHIiH, 3HaMeHHTtAIrHie RaTOJIH'ecKie
repMaHcKie yqeHbe-6orocJIOBBI, KaHOHHCTLI H I epKOBHue HCTO-
PHKH, KaK' Hanp. AeJeI1HHrepb, (DpApHxa, ry6ep-, JlaHreH,,
PeBHKeHC~a MHxejnHc H Ap. coqsnH AoJroM% COBUcTH safIBHTb
OTKphITO, qTO OHH He MOryT% Aajle noAtuHHaTbCHs pHMCKOI IlepKBH,
ITO OHH 3eaJIIOT% BOBCTaHOBHTb HCTTHHHy~ KaRTOJIHIecIKyo Iep-
KOBL, CTapypo, *Ty, KaROIO oHa 6BIia B' iiepioa% apeBHHaxT BCe-
JeHCKHHX 0 co6oposB, Ao paBAtjieHia xpHcTiaH a8anaAHxIm OT'
BOCTO'qHIX' 3).
TaK' BOaBHHKIO Tap0KaToJHHeCTBO. ..
KIR nepBIML CcTapOKaTo0sHKaMb repMaHCKHMb cKOpo HnpM-
KHyan MHorie HXb' eAIMHHOMIUIJIeHHI4HH 43a IIIBelapiH, ronnawHin,
cpaHniH, HTania, HcnaHiH, AHrain a CtBepHoi AMepHKH. lIo~b-
syach TorPAamHHM'L HaCTpoeHieMb repMaHcKaro npaBHTejbCTBa,
npH KlaHiwept BEHcMapKI, KOTOpuh1 Beamb TaK' HaB. KyJIbTypHyIO
6opb6y cT PIMOM% H4 MUCTHUIMI repMaHCKHMH yJbTpaMOHTaHaMH,


1) TaMs me, CTp. 41.
2) IoxaaaTeIbcTBa TOMy nIpHBeaeHbI B' HaaBaHHOf CTaTbt upoO.
Btnaesa, na CTp. 39-43.
3) HBaHnOBb-IMIaTOHOBab: O 3anaIiAHlx BtpoHcnoB aaHiaxV", CTp. 150.






8


CTapoKaToanMK Bi rIepMaHiH ycnIan ycTporHT ce6f o6esne-
qeHHoe rpazAHaHCKoe uoaio3erHe BIXJIO0nTaJIH y repMaHCKaro
npaBHTenJbCTBa a~JIOBaHbe CBoeMy lJyxOBeHCTBy, npaBO opraHR-
sainm Aja CBOHXb o06mnHH H nIpHxo00OB%, npH3HaHie o#mHLnianb-
HbiX' npaBs AJa enacKonoBr, KOTOPbe AO iEHu 6IaUn ynpaBnaTb
HMa, Ha pa~y cb' npezHHMH pHMcRo-KaTojHqeCKHMH enHCKOnaMH.
3a TM'b, OHH Ha6pajH ce6t oco6aro enHcKona-npojeccopa PeAH-
KeHca, nojyqHBsmaro nocBaieHie B'a HesaBHCHMOe OTT' PHMa
yTpeXTCKOf UeepKBH 1). 3a CTapOKaTOlHKiaMH repMaHCKHMH H
mBeftnapcKie cTapoKaTOJIHKH H86panH ce6t enracona Hast-
cTHaro CBOHMH yqeHbUMH TpyAMHi repiora2).
IIOCTaBHBIm CBoeio rjaBHOIo saaaqe)o BoacTaHOBJneHie Ape-
BHaro iepKOBHarO yqeHia H ApeBHaro inepKOBHaro yCTpoeRCTBs,
CTapOKaTOAHKH Maao Io MaJIy B' OTAtlJbHHX'h yqeHLIX'b HSCAI-
AOBaHixl% HH Ha o6IIlHX MHOPrqHCJIeHHbIx' ci'8Aax' KOHrpec-
caxr CBOHX'L npeacTaBHTeAefi CTajiH oTaepraTb InpOHBBOJbHhla
cpeAHe-BtKOBa J H406pteTeHia H ycTaHOBjieHia KaTOJ HAiHM3a. OHH
OTBeprjn JnoHEU pH MCKia yqeHia o BepxoBeHCTBt H Henorpt-
uIHMOCTH naIUbI, 0 HeIIOPOqHOM'% aqaTiH CB. A tBU, o uHCTHJHIM'E,
a TaKme MHOria1 HKaRmeial BI coBepmeHiH uepKOBHbIx' TaHHCTB'b
H o6paAOB'i; nIpHuJIH KW l nlpHMHaHilO Heo6xoAtHMiTH B0ocTaHo-
BJieHia ApeBHHro HaKeltcKaro CVMBOJia, C' HCKJn)ieOieMb H38
Hero KaTOJnIecKaro Filioque (He BO Bctx', Bnpo'qeMi, cTapo-
.KaTOJHqecKHx% o6r1HHax'); cTaHn BoaCTaHOBJIaITI npHy1aieHie
no A' 060HMH BHaIaMH HHa KBaCHOM-b XJI6t (TaKhze He BO BC'lX'L
eme cTapo-KaTojIHqeCKHx% o6uuHHax%); OTM$UHHNH o61iaTejnbHoe
6ea6pawie AyxosencTBa (aTOTL BonpoCnb Tome ptmeHlI noKa


1) 8TorL nepBb l eTapoKaTo3IiecnKit enHcKonIr, cOAJIaBmii AJAa Tapo-
KaTOJiuecTBa BecbMa MHoro, yMep% 4 IHBaps H. c. 1896 roAa; npeeMHHKOMb
ero 6 uJm Ha6paHb npoeeccops Teo.ops ry6epT% Be6epi, o~HHi' nah 6Jie-
CTantiXb repMaHnKHxcix HJIoco$OB, 6HBminW, npH CHSaHH PefHKenca, ero
BHRapieM-b. EuncKonji Be6ep% npHHHMaJIb ABtTenbHoe yqacTie Ha nOCa'A-
HeMTB IV HHTepHagioHaj3IHOMb cTapoKaToaHiecxKOM' ROHrpecct B B~at.
2) EnacKoni repgor0 o6jiaaerT' 6aecaTJaniHM opaTOpciHMb TaiaH-
ToMS, o6painasmHMw Ha lnoTTeHHaro eniHoiona o6 BHeeHMie HMi BCOx'b JIOHOBW
nocaJIHaro KoHrpecca.






9


TOabKO B% Teopin, a Ha npaITHKiT MHVorie eige He p'lmaIOTca
onyiCyTHTb 6paKH CBHIMeHHHKOBT', TaK% 9TO IH O OTOMy BOUnOCy
memAyy cTapo KaTOmKaMH HeoAHOKpaTHo B08HHKaIJ cepbe3Hua
pa8Horaacia) H T. A. TaKHwi o6pasomw, npH6aumaacb nocTe-
neHHo K' yqeHiio IIpaBocJiaBHof IlepKBH, CTapOKaTOJIHKH B'T
sanaAHoM' xpHCTiaHCKOMv Mipt npeACTaBJIaEOT9 TBepAoe H 6ea-
npHCTpacTHoe cBHsaLTenibCTBO B's noJiaSy MHorHX' unpaBocjaBHhIXb
yqeHilt H ycTaHoBieHift, KOTopuJH sanalHEla xpHCTiaHcKit Mip'
B'L npoAoaJieHiH MHOrHX' BtKOB'b OTBepra8Jn c% ropAeeJiHBOio CaMo-
yBtpeHHOCTblO HHenpemIOHHbIM'% yfOpCTBOMb 1); OHH 3HaKOMHaT
sanaaAHie HapoaJu c'b HCTHHHUIM' IIpaBocjaBieMn, pa3sctHaioTo
cnomeHBudica Ha 3anaA, JOZHblH MHIHia 0 Hew, 3acTaBJIaHOTL
e'o ItHHTB H ysaaYiTb. B DOTOMb 8aKJIioqaeTCH HeMaJIOBaKEHaH
3acayra cTapoKaTonjqeCTBa npefb IlpaBocjaaBHOIO UepKOBbio.
aKI TOJILKO y CTiapOKaTO3HKOBW B03HHIRIO 2KejaHie OTl-
CKaTb HCTHHy, B03BpaTHBb pHMCKY[O IlepKOBb K'h TI M OCHOBHIM'L
BCeJHeHCKHM> Haqa.JaMb, OTT KOTopux' OHa yAa8iuHacb, HO KO-
TOpUYxI HeHkMtHHO Aep itTCa IlpaBociaBHa o BOCTOMHaH IjepKOBh,
OHH, eCTecTBeHHO, aoAnH I 6hinH o6paTHTL CBOH B3opu K'I npa-
BOCnaBHOMy BoCTOKy H, B% qaCTHOCTH, KL BeJIaKO pyccaoe
IIepKBH : Cb caMbIX'1 IepBuxL speMeHL, n1o oTAtejeHiH OT' PHLMa,
CTapoKaTOamHH CTaaJIH HCKaTb eHffHeHia CTapoiA KaTonJHIeCKOl
IjepKBH C'L ripaBocaaBHOEO BOCTOqHOIO IlepKOBbIO H C'L TO0
lJI;bIO ycTpasHBajH Cb3Ab BOHHL BL 1874 H 1875 ro-
Aaxix, B' KeJ3bHt H JIOgepHt B's 1890 H 1892 r.r. H B'b
1894 r. B- PoTTepaM't, wTo 6uI noPrTOBHTb sTO eHHeHie IIpH
1IOMOIlAH Heo6xoAiHMU Xb IpeABapHTeJibHbIX' H3CJAItfOBaHif CO CTO-
pOHhl 60rOCJIOBOB'b 06oHx' IepKBeif. H IpaBocjasBHuba ]UepKBH,
C'b CBoeft CTOpOHh, OTHecJIHCb Kb BTHMa 0o6phiM' CTpeMneHiCaMb
CTapOKaTOJIHKOB' Cb OCO6eHHOIO CHMnaTieI) H coqyBCTBieM s. Oco-
6enHo 6aH3Ko IpHHHMaJIH KR cepAiy BTH CTpeMJeHil CTapo KaTo-
JaKOBs% npaBocjaBHhbe 6orocinobu rpeqecKofi, pyccKoI, pyMUHCKOft


1) IaBaHoBs IIIaTOHOB: : .0 sanalaUiXT' p BpbpoHCnosbtaiaxaL", CTp.
161-163.






10


H cepkcoft IepKBH, :KOTopbe InpHHMamJIn yqacTie B' BbIhueyrlo-
MaqHyTUTX' C'Lt Aax'b H TaM%, o6MHHHBaaIcb MeMaiy co6oK) BOB-
3ptHiaMH,i o6cymAajiH MHorie BaMEHe BonpocL. rJ1aBHAsIM pe-
syBbTaTOM'b npoHcxonsHBinHX' Ha BTHX' c'es61axar co6ecdiA BaHif,
KOTOP.IMH HMJII He 0 Hq2iaZlbHUt, a ppeABsapHTenbHbif H nOa-
roTOBHTenjbHhI xapaKTepb, 6buIo TO, qTO 06t IjepKBH no3HaKO-
MHIHCib pyr'b C% ApyroM H y 6o0jabIHHCTBa upeAcTaBHTeaeea
C' To# H Apyrofl CTOPOHI cocTaBHnfocb y6t AmeHie, uTO TaK'
KaKn o6f UepK2BH noKoaTc Ha HX H OIb TtX' me OCHOBaH1IX'I,
TO eAHHeHie MemiCy HHMH BO3MOXHO. B' pyccKOR epKBH OTO
y6t$aeaHie optinno Ha CTOJbKO H B6oabytIiO TaKiW HarAeau,
WTO CBOaTfIfmilf CVHOA'a B'L IeTep6yprI HaHaqsaHsHn oco6yio
KOMMHaCCio An7la H3CJn$jOBaHia BoHpoca 06r 8T0so BeJIHKOR I AJH
eanHeHia 1). (YKaa% CB. IIpaB. CvHOAa -OT' 15 AeK. 1892 r.
N 5038).


1) ILepxoBHbI BOTHHE K 1896 r. ,K%' Bonpocy 0 CTapoKaTonI1HaMB
B% ero OTHomeniH KR nlpaBoCJaBiho", CTp. 773 H 774. CocTaBb KOMMHciH,
npH ea y-peMaAeniH Ba 1892 roAy, 6ujrn cntAlyioini: npeacAaTeJ~ BsCo-
Konp. ATOHift, apxienHmCKOIol HHJIaHACRKif; nIeHh: AyXOBBHHKi Hx% HMine-
paTopcjHXb BeakI1eoTBs IpoToIpecBHTep% IoanHH1 IHbIIeB', peKTOp'b C.-
neTep6yprcKof AyxoBHoft aKaEeMiH apxHMaHApHT% BopHCe, HacTORTeJIb
xaeeApajnHaro HcaaKieBiaro co6opa IIeTp CMHpHOB%, HacToaTeJb KaaaH-
caro co6opa npoToiepefl A~excaHAp% JIe6efeBs, saKOHoyrmT0eb IrIaecKaro
Ero HMnepaTopciaro BeanwecTBa Ropnyca npoToiepef IIeTpb JIe6eAeA, To-
BapHi'b o6eps-upoicypopa CBaITfAmaro CvHOga B. K. Ca6aepb, npogeccopi
C.-IIeTep6yprcKoo AYXOBHf01 aKaAeMiH H. E. TpoRnNift H A. JI. KaTancKii, H
AJI01opoH3BOAHTeJb npoeccopb TOR ze aiKaeMiH B. B. BOJIOTOBsr.
OTa KOMMHCiA ia IoJ a 6uIia Bbpa6oTaTb ycJIoBia HIH Tpe6oBaHia, io-
TOpuL MOrJIH 6M 6IuTb II0MOeHMb B'b OCHOBy neperOBOpOB% co CTapoKaTo-
JIHKaMH, HInyI~HMH o6ineHira C IIpaBocJaBHOIO BoCTOsIHOIO IepRosBIo. KI
KOHny Mas 1893 rosa ROMMHCciS BsnOJIHHnJa CBOJO aaAiay H HpeAcTaBHJia
(9 irOHI 1893 r. 3a No 377) AoHeceHie no aTOMy Bonpocy CB. CVHOAY. (CM.
IIpHnomeHie 1).
Konifa cs aToro ~oneceHis, B'i H'MeIXIOMb nepeBO~t, 6aia nocnana Ha
HMS yTpexTCearo cTapo0aToanHeciaro apxienHicona ryIja, ROTOpMR YBatO-
MHJI7 ITO OHs BM'CT' Cob ApyrHMH CTapaxaTOJIH'IeCKHMH eIHCKOHOaMi Ha-
HsaaHTs Cb cBOet CTOPOHM KOMMHoCCIO Xl a cocTaBJeHiIa oTBtTa na 3TH Tpe-
6OBaHia. Bo BpeMa III HHTepHaio0HanbH8aro CTapOKaToJnHecKaro RoHrpecca
B' POTTepAaM', ,5CTBHTeJIHO, HaaHaSeHa 6IJIna co CTOPOHE cTapoxaTO-
JIHROB' KOMMHCCia H3% I'roJIaHACKEH'b, mBeftapcKHxI H repMaHciHX% ye-
HUlx, no L npeAct~aTejbCTBOMs repMancKaro, HLIH noKoAHaro, enHcEona






11


OcymlecTBaeHio 9ToA BeJIMKoo' lnjiH, BIa qacTHOacT, IInaBH-
mieHib 6 lnL H InOCAHibaHll IV-ftM HHTepHanioHan1hHuA cTapoKaTo-
nHsecKdif KoHrpeccL.

9TOA KOHrpecc', Ha KOTOPOM% yAajioCeb pHcyTCTBOBaTL
aBTOpy HacToafIere CTaTLh, npOMCXOAHUln' B' BtHt OT'L1 aB-
rycTa no '. 1897 roAa H OTJIHqaJICH MHoroHCJIeHHOCTIo
ryCTa ~3 com*.
yMaCTBOBaBmIHX'b B% HeMb jiHinA ITO KacaeTca cTapOKaTOJH-
KOB1', TO HpeACTaBHTeHI HX'L co6paJIHCb CioAa nlOTH H83' BCIX'L
rocyapcTBa- 3anaHpoft EBponu. Ha KOHrpecct npHcyTCTBOBaj1H
apxienHcKonm yTpexTCKit (roajiaHcCKiA) rPyfL, enucKonLI-mBefl-
gapcKitf repiorb, repMaHcaiif Be6epy; Aanae, upeO3aeHTrb roa-
nataiCKo8 Bb AMMepcOopTt ceMHHapiHa aHn-THab, npogeccop'
MHmol), aABoKaTa Ah-p' Befl6eah, r. qHannnjH ) (Bce Tpoe H8'
IIIseflapim), COBtTHHK' HapotHaro Ipoearo cBmeHi (Schulrath)
A-p, KIynnepc', CBameHHHK, To6iacL (o6a HLa repManiH).
Bowte Bcero cTapoKaTOlHqecKHmx npeAcTaBHTeaelk Ha KOHrpecct
6bMo, KOHeqHO, H3'b ABCTpiH. Mu ynoMsHeML TOJILKO T'X'b,
KOTopue npHHHMaJIH HaHoate AtaTenlHOe yqacTie Bs' AtITeb-
HOCTH KOHrpecct, a HMeHHo aAMHHHCTpaTopa (Bisthumsverweser)
aBCTpiitCKHx' CTapOKaTOJIHKOBi MHaoma lexa, npoeccopa BeH-



PenExeHca. CMepTb aToro upeActLaTelsi aaMeA.HJia coTaBmeHie OTBtTa
cTapoKaTonH0ecKoA ROMMHCCiH, OKOHmeHHOe yace nOA'b IpeJLctIaTeJbCTBOM%
npeeMHHKa PeIHKeHca, eHncxona Be6epa. 3TOTb OTBtTT, InpH iHCBM B npeA-
c$SaTeas cTapocaToiHnecKof XOMMHCCiH eumiCona Be6epa OT% 10 aBrycTa
H. c. 1896 r., uepecJanHi 6mbj~ Ha HMa uJIeHa C.-IIeTep6yprcKof KoxMMucciH
npoTonpecsBHepa I. JI. IHHmmeBa. (IIlHcMO eiHcKoua Be6epa upoTonpecsH-
Tepy I. JI. sibImeBy H oTBiT% cTapoHaTonHKOBs Ha MHtHie C.-IIeTep6yprcKxo
IOMMHCCIH, B'b pyccKOM% nepeBoa npoToHpecBHTepa I. JI. IH. HmeBa, HOMt-
neHH BIs IIpHJIo0eHiaxb MX 2 H 3).
1) IIpo$. MHmo-Michaud peaaKTHpyeT% Revue international de Theo-
logie; ero nepy upHHaAjeMIHTTa paIs BecbMa HHTepecHUXiI nHCeMb o CTapo-
HaTOJIH~H8Mt Bs ,MOCKOBCKHXb Bt'OMOCTRax'" aa 1897 r. M N 279, 290, 301
311, 3$7, 835, 342, 353 H 3a 1898 JM 35, 88. IelaTaHie BTHX', nHceis enqe
He OKOHHoHO.
2) Ha KoHrpecct B% JI oioepHt r. (I)HJIIIII 6bIa npeaHJeeHTOM; npe-
aSHAeHTOM% OH' 6Ima% a6paHI H a nocCJItAHeML KOiHrpecc' BF BH Ht.






12

aeji, CTapOKaToJIqecKHXeL CBfIeHHHKOB'b RaMHHCKaro, FTaal1),
cTaptylaro aJeHa B'HCKOf CTapo KaToRnqecKO 06moHHJ r.
CHHHeKa.
B' KaieeCTBt upeAcTaBHTeIelt OT' aHrJIHKaHCKOl IlepKBH
Ha KOHrpeccet pHcyTCTBOBajiH: aHpio-aMepHKaHcKiia euHCK0on
A-p'b Xasb, enUcKonm A-py Cefiypb lga CnpHi4u)H u a, CBH-
ImeHHHKW YaltTL (White) H8s' OKcmopAa (B KaqaecTBt upeAcTa-
BHTeUa npHMaca AHraii apxienHcKona KOHTep6epitcKaro H OT'
AaBHaro Jipyra CTapoKaTOJIHKOB' enucKona Cajnc6iopitcKaro).
IpeAcTaBHTejiamn eBaHre.jaiecKo-JItOTepaHcKoiK IepKBH aB-
JanIHCb A-p'b Iooc'b H HaBBtCTHhIe HCTopiHK% upoSeccop% HHn-
nonbR'b (nocaJi'Hift, BspoeqeMe, B' KaqecTBt npeACTaBHTeCJa OTL
eBaHreiauecKaro Bs rFepMani 0 coos3a).
Has unpaBocasBHux'b pyCCKHIX. Ha KOHrpecct UpHCyTCTBo-
BaJH HBB'SCTHUA 8HaTOK'L CTapo-KaTOJIHH8Ma AyXOBHHK'b IX%
HmnepaTopcKHlx BejHuqeCTBs' upoToipecBHTep% I. JI. AIHmlIeBb,
HaCTO ITean H jIeHbu npHqTOB'b HamIHX' IIOCOJIbCKHX'b epKBef :
o. npoToiepef A. n. Manjiesb H o. B. reKeHL nH3 BepaHHa,
o. npoToiepet 0. H. KapAaceBH~ub 4w' Byaa-IIeuITa, o. upoTo-
iepef A. B. HHKoaaeBcKifi H8m3 BtHu, O. M. H. AHHeHKOB'
mar ,pea8eHa; ncaJioMrq uKH M. A. KeapoB' wa Kapjcpys H
H. H. PhaKOB'ba H A. 11. InHpepnHb H3'a- BtHbl. HST, JIHIq
He AyXOBHUlX6 B'h KOHrpecct y acTBOBaan: nas3BTHaa pyccKaI
uncaTenbHH1na 0. A. HOBHKOBa, ea 6paTb reHepaa b-jeftTeHaHT'
A. A. KHpteB', ropHiti no6opHHnbK nien coeAHHeHia cTapo-
KaTOJHIecTBa c% IIpaBoc;aBieMb, Iante, peAaKTop- ,,PyccKaro
IIo.oMHHKa" A. H. IonosBHKini, npoepeccop nAepKOBHaro npaBa
IOpbeBcKaro YHHBepCHTeTa M. E. KpacHomeHb H tAOIeHTb Ia-
aaHCKOfl AyXOBHOiR aKaAeMia A. B. RepeHCKif, BecLMa HHTepecy-
iol~~ilca CTapo-KaTOJIqeCKHM' ABLBKeHieM%.

1) JIgeHniiaTbT reTAie (Goetz) enie Bechba MOJIOJ0o1, HO o'eBb o6paso-
BaHHnEiH H aHepranIHBf CBHIneHHHBK' H3I Ilaccay; aHBA B' repManiH, OHW
HayqHJri cjaBaancKif H pyccKi a3aimi H H aafoaro Ao KoHrpecca npita-
a-wb B-I KieBsb x Ho Io3HaKOMHTICH C'b PoccieIo, ci IIpaBocJasieMi H Boro-
cjlyaeHieM' IIpaBsocaaBHOf PyccKOA IUepKBH.






13

Has Cep6in Ha nKorpecct fnpHcyTCTBOBaJII4 peMeHHo upo-
MIHBaioridf aa rpaHHIaeO Cep6cKif enHcaKOI HHKaHopb PyaKn-
sq4qa, .an$e, HapoqHO npHfpHBsifi Ha KOHrpecc' H8%a MaKeAOHiH,
B' KaiecTB unpeacTasBTena Cep6cKaro, HiuH yme noKofHaro,
MHTpOII0oHTa MHxamnJa, apxHMaHuAPHT' HaJapioH96 Becaql1) H,
HaKOHe'L, HacToRTe~b Cep6cKoft lepKBH B BtHi o. MUxaHma
MHmiHqII.
TaKHM' o6pa3oM'T Ha IOCJIatHeM'b CTapo-KaTonIHqecKOMM
KOHrpecct sb BtHt upHcyTCTBOBaJIH npeacTaBHTei Bctxb rjaB-
HbuXb [lepKBet xpHcTiaHCKaro Mipa, KpOMt pHMCKOR, aHTarOHH3M'
KOTOpOf KI CTapo-KaTOJMHecKOMy AiBH;Keeio HCKjIoqaeT'T B03-
MOKTHOCTL KaKOrO 6b TO HH 6ihlIO B3aHMHarO o6iueHia cb HHM'L2).
HeeHTpoMh, OOJIO KOTOparo rpy11nHpOBaJIHcI. pitxasmie Ha
KoHrpecca, upaBocJaBHsue, 6uja AOcToyBamaeMuii npoTonpecBH-
Tep% I. JI. fHaumeB-. OH Aiouro m1an s3arpaHHaet H rajy6oKo
HHTepecoBaica BCtMT IpoHeCXOAHBIUHM' Ha BaTHKaHCKOMb co6opt
1870 r.; OH' nrepeKHBsa TO BpeMs, KorFa KHaHabH-euHcKOnLI
pHMCKoft IepKBH, AawKe Tt, KOTopue cHaqaaa BOcnpOTHBHJiBnc Ha
co6opt HOBOMy aorMaTy uancKolt HenorptniHMOcTH, HpoTHBO-
ptqameMy xpHcTiaHcKofi costcTH, 0KaaajiHO HeycToIqHBIhMH B%
CBOHXlx yb6tieAeHiax% H CMHP HJiHC nepelf nanolo, H TOJIaKO ropCTb
caMOOTBepmeHHbXL Jm1ioae18 Tt HeMHorie, KOTopue BnoCJIfA-
CTBie CTaJiH BO rLaBaw cTapo-KaTOIHqecKaro ABHJteHia HMaJIa
Mym2ecTBO coxpaH4ThE CBOH yS MieHiH H, cpeAl BcaKaro poia
HeBBarOA H JIHIIeHiff, CTaJia OTbICKHBaTbE HCTHHy XpHCTOBy.
IIpoTonpecBuTep'i SAHbIueBsb c oco6eHHOlO CHMlaTieIo H co-
qyBCTBieM% OTHOCHTCJI Kr% BeJIHKOM ty Boiy BcoeaHHeHi CTapo-
KaTOJIHKOB' C'L IIpaBOCJiaBHO[O IepKOBbIO. OH% npHCyTCTByeTr
Ha BCtX' CTapo-KaTOJItnecKHXL KOHrpeccax%; He CMOTpH Ha
CBOH yme opeKmoIHHMa aTa, He onycKaeTL HH OAHOrO sactAaHia,


1) OHQn COCTOHT JI ApeKTOpOM'b Cep6cKOt rHMHaaii Ba CRKonJIb EJI
YCK o6t, B'b MaRe oHiH.
2) B. KepeHcKifl: ,IV HHTepHamioHaJnbHMH cTapo-RaToaJmecKiA KOH-
rpecc~ Hero aHaqeHie Bs- HCTopiH CTapo-xaToaHJecKaro JBHKmeHia". IIpaBO
c~aBHblft Co6ectfHHKE. 1897. XI, cTp. 645.






14

BCtM'b HHTepecyeTce, BO Bce BmHKaerT'). B' CBO)o oqepeaL,
npeICTaBHTeJA CTapo-KaTOIHIH3qMa OTHOC$TCH K. IIO~TeHHOMy
ufpoTonpecBHTepy ci oco6bim yBamKeHieMb H ci oco6eHHuLIb
BHHMamiieML npHCJIayrIHBsaOTCH KO BCM'h ero CnOBaML.
TTO KacaeTca caMaro KOHrpecca, TO OH nIpoHcXOHJiHA% Ba%
cnJtyromeMn nopai.4Kv.
HaKaHyHt OTKphITif KOHrpecca, BO BTOPHHK' ] aarycTa,
cocToasOCL nepsoe cBHaHie cabLxaBIHxca nTH pasHuX CTpxb TpaHT
yqacTHHKOBsI KOHrpecca. OHo upoHCXOAnHno B% BeCehMa o6mHp-
HOl H Kpac~HBao Ronachersaal't, HaxoAsAHIefcaH Bb IleHTpt ropofa
BtHb. 3atch co6panHCB He TOJILKO yqaCTHHKH KOHrpecca, HO
H cTapo-KaTOaHqecKia ceMbH H Boo6lle ajia, HHTepecosaBnisaca
UpeJCToaIlHMr KOHrpeccoMrL.
IIepBeM% npHBsTCTBOBaJI' co6paBmHxcH amanMHHcTpaTOpb
BtHCKHX', CTapo-KaTOJIHKOB' MHJOImI qexa. ,C' paAOCTbIO",
CKa8aji% OHa, ,,nIpHBBTCTByIO H yqacTHHKOBb ieTBepTaro HHTep-
HaiioHaabHaro CTapo-KaTOJnHecKarO KOHrpecca, KOTOpue BH
6OJIrbnmeM, 'tM M'L M HaAtHJIHCb, H nCJI, npH6bJIH He TOJIbKO HB'.
repMaHli, ProaaHnA H H IBetItnapiH, HO H Hat ApyrHx'. Apy-
mKecTBeHHUux% nlepKBet. . Hame MHpHOe AtIO COCTOHTLb BCe
Ba 6oat~e H 6o7re TtCHOM'e c6JirnHeHiH BOCTOmHOf H 8anaJmHOf
,epKBefI He Ha HeBO3MOaHHOM% 6a38HCm nO1OARHeHi BCtXrl noiAi
Aorm' H (popMyAI oAHOR I]epKBH, HO Ha OCHOBaHiH CBO6oAHaro
YTBepAeKiH B' Cyu0CTBeHHOMpb yqeHi BCeneHicHKOf IepKBH, Ha


1) OH% Me COCTOHIT, Karb Mm cKaaJix, iJie~HOM yipezAeOHHof npH
CB. IIpaBHTe.nCTByioigeML CVRHOAi KOMMHcciH HO BOnpocy o coeaHHeHiH
cTap-KRaTOJImHOBs Ce IIpaBoJnaBHflo IlepROBLbo. TaKib KaR% Ba MHtBHiax'b
PoTTepAaMcRof KOMMHCciH C.-IeTep6yprcRaS HE e eBe InpHHanaa AocTaTOHHO
BHa~sHeHHbMI HAJIRH paBHJIbHMiM, TO. Bb BHAy ipeACToJqlarO aT B' u B 'qH eT-
BepTaro KoHrpecca, aB C.-IIeTep6yprB Boao6HOBsaeHHI :6iiIH 4-ro H 8-ro aB-
rycTa 1897 r. aactaHia C.-IeTep6yprcKoA KOm MHciH. BHapa6oTanHH e Ha
aTHXt aactlaHisaxr OTB'TI Ha MHnHia PoTTePAaaMCiuto KOMMHCCiHi 6wJI ne-
pefaHU npoTonpecBHTepoM% I. JI. SIHImeBLIMa 2ceHTa6psa H. c. 1897 r. npee-
ctaaTenIo PoTTepAaMcKof ROMMHCCiH repMaHcKOMy eInHCKny Be6epy.
I. JI. SiHHmees: V' RHTepHaiioHaJibHHA CTapo-KaTOHwecKift IoHrpeccs".
IleprioBHbi BBCTmHK' 1897, Jh 38, CTp. 1210. (OTBTm aTH nODIBteHm B'B
HIIpuanoeHiR M 4.)





15

HaoojiHqeeKOM'h OCHOBaHiH ,laITejIbHOCTH B' Ayxt xpHcTiaHcKOxf
HCTHH I4 JIIO0BH. .. He HeHaBHCTb 1H HeTepIHMOCTb Ham1
Menb, HO JIK60Bh H HCTHHa".
He MeH1e cepaeqHrn upI HBTCTBia 6bJIH BuCKa&3aHb co6pa-
HiIO OTb a IUa BtHCKOA CTapo-KaTOJIHqecKOft O6inHH npeActaa-
TeJIeMb MtcTHarO KOMHTeTa, ioArOTOBaBIIjarPO KOHrpec'b, r. (eft-
rejibMioaoepOM'b H OHOmI HB' nIpHxoomaHOK' oI6InUHb r-mero
HoBaRab (noctJIHSIR BbIpasHa caoe pH Bie HBHBTTBe CTHxaxi).
B% CBOIo o0epeab, He Ma~Jo 6jaIo BhuKa3aHO npHBeTCTBii
KOHrpecy H co CTOPOHbI pH6brEBHx'b Ha Hero npeAcTaBHTejnie
ApyrHX% cTapo-KaToaInqecKHx' o61HH%0 H H ApymecTBeHHbux cTa-
po-KaTOJiHKaM, epKBeftl). Bb BeCbMa TenaJILXI BupameHniX'b
(Ha HkMeiqKOMl Al3bIK) [IpHBtTCTBOBaJ'b BtHCKyIO CTapO-KaTOJIH-
HecKyi o6U6HHy H BClX'b JieHOB' KOHrpecca upeICTaBHTenJb
IIpaBocnaBHoA pyccKoft PepKBH npoTonpecBHTep% I. J1. AbueBsL.
,B'L BUCOKO CTeneHH OTpaAHo, CKa88aJi OHH%, IpHCyTCTBOBaTb
B'b co6paHi, OAymeBaeeHHOMb CTpeMaeHiajMH Ka XpHCTianeKOMy
Mapy, Kb xpHCTiaHCKOA HCTHHB H eCB060l~, K% eHllHeHiTO B Btpt
H wi06BH. 'TO 8TH BeJIHKil, eAAHHCTBeiHHUlI Ha 8eMa t HiCTHHHUH,
6Aara HaxO1aTLT ce6l coqyBCTBie, -- MH H T'L, BlCOKO,
no HX'b% OCTOHHCTBy, ltHaTCe a H BOTOKI H B% MOeM' OTeqeCTB',
9TO JOKaSbIBaeTL pnHCyTCTBie altCh He Masaro qHcaa uIpeACTa-
BHTeaeft npaBocasiA c'b BOCTOKa H H38 OTAajieHHaro cBepa.
CKamy 6oneie Toro. B' C.IIeTep6yprt cyrecTByeT' yipem-
AeHHaaI CBaTtflniHM's CVHOAOM'b KOMMHCCia, CBoero saaameio HMtio-
maa pa3CMOTptHie Bonpoca o B03MoaoHOCTH coeAHHeHia CTapo-
KaTOJIHKOBT C'b BOCTOSHO)I IIpaBOCIaBHOl) IlepKOBLIO. ICaK'b qeH%
DTolR KOMMHCCiH, B'L IIOOCJlfEHHX' B aactlaHiHx' KOTOpoA IIpHHH-
MaIH yqacTie, Meviy npoqHM%, ABa apxienacKona H OaHH'b

1) OTT' mBefnapexxCK cTapo-KaTonJIOB' InpHBTCTBOBaai XOHrpeccT'
r. OHjrnimm, a OTb roanaHicKinx r. IaDai-THJi, roBopHBnri sa romIaHJA-
cKaro apxienHCKeona rya, Toae npHcyTcTBOBaSmaro na co6paHni. Ha3b npea-
cTaBHTeaet ApyrHX' IlepKBefi BbIcaaaJIm pHnBTrcTBia KOHrpecey anrjio-
aMepEanexift enHcKOin XaJm (oTn jMa aHrJIo-aMepKaHncKaro encRonIaTa)
H HaBBTCTHNI HCTOpHKm HHIInouI'JI (OTb eBaHreJIHecKaro Bb repmanix
comoaa). BUno H eine nBCtexoao IIpHBTCTBi~t.





16


enctoons tneHE CBsTt$~Imaro CvnHOaa, si M4to nopyqeHie
KaKt OT'T KOMMHCCiH, TaK'b H OTr IlepBeHcTByrolnaro qieHa
CsaTtlfmraro CVHOAa BucoKonpeocBameHHt1miaro MHTpOUloAHTa
Ianiati HacKpeHHo IupHBtTCTBOBaTb BtHCKyIO CTapo-KaTOJIHHe-
cKyf1o o6umHy H BCtX'b iJIeHOB' MeMlyHapoAHaro CTapo-xaTojiH-
qecKaro KOHrpecca H BblpasHTb MOJIHTBeHHoe nomeiamie, Aa cuo-
cntmecTByeT'L BceMoryri~t rocuoAb Borb caoeLo npeHao6a iLHol
6iaroAaTiio Bctms 6~aropoAHUMw HCTHHHO XpHCTiaHCKHMb cTpen-
jeHirMIb CTapo-KaToHJKOB' !"1)
Memuiy pt$aM opaTopoBsb HcnoIHaeMhI 6uJIH BoKKaaHhIH
H My3hlKaIabHhlH IIbecI, TaKL HITO ,ceMeta~lHl" cTapoKaToIH-
qecKot Beqepr KOHqHJCH OBOAHO HOBSHO.
OpraHHsania KOHmpecca (TO ecTb Bul6op' ero 6iopo) COCTO-
anacb Ha cjAIyroUift AeHb nocjt 8Toro co6paHia, npH qeMrb 6jan
H36paHU cjitAyioli JinHia: r. ~HinnH npeaseHToMb, r.r.
BeHIe~ n H (aHb-TnJI BHie-upe3HaeHTaMH; A-ps Befl6eab,
A-prb Kynnepc'i a cBaineHHHK IIIHHaejap% ceKpeTapaMH.
'ITO KacaeTca 3actIAaHitf ROHrpecca, KOTOPUM'L 6ubJ nocsa-
IleHn TpH iAHj (cpeaa, qeTBeprl H UaTHna) 20 22 TO OHH
pa 3fl'kjiini Ha ny6aHHbHHuI HHery6jIHqHbIH.
Ha nepBbl'x Mor% UpHcyTCTBOBaTL BCII4Ifl tKenaioilll;
HaHHaqeHie HXr COCTOHTb B'L TOM'I, 'TO6h 3HaKOMHTb JIHQ 1,
nHTepecyioiHxca cCTapOKaToHon 'ecTBOML%, c ero HCTopiero H co-
BpeMeHHhfMlt cocTo0HieMb, a TaKme BecTH AtaIO nponaraHAl.
BTopla, Bs KOTOpuIX'I MorPIH yqaiTBOBaTE TOJIhKO qIeHLI KOH-
rpecca, HIMtJ CTporo HayqHhift xapaKTep'b: Ha 9THX'b 3act-
jaHifaxr OKJala~sanlaHc pe(jepaThi t npicxoAHja Ae6aTr no no-
soAy noAeaeiaaminx o6cymAeHiio KOHrpecca aapaHte HaMtqeHHhbIx
TesHcoB's H UpeaIoI;eHit.
Ily6JIHqHIux% 3actAaHif b 6ulo aBSa: o6a OHH upHcxoIHJIH
BeqepoM% uepsoe Brb cpejly, Bs B'IHCKOf eBaHref Hme-
cKOi ntepKBH, KaKwL 6o0POe o6nipHoft, it Mb co6CTBeHHaS lepKOBb
(Salvatorkirche) BtHCKHXrh CTapOKaTOJIHKOBB'; BTopoe B'

1) IAepKOBHbft BtCTHHK'b 1897 r. M 38, CTp. 1212 i 1213.




14,


17

eTsepr, 21 a, B HOBOft ropoJacKOft paTyInm, Ha Ringstrasse.
To H Apyroe sac A aHi5 nocBmleiu 6buij, riaBHuMa o6paaomb,
H3o6paneHiio BO3HHKHOBeHiH cTapOKaToJHHqeCTBa, HCTopih ero
upomiaro, HacToanmaro H 6yayuiaro.
B'b IIepBOM' ny6JIH'IbOM% sackaaHia KOHrpecca nepBas ptqb
npwHaliaenana apxienacKony roJiIaHACKoK IlepKBn ryJrIo, ropaqo
y6t;asBmeMy cTapoKaTOJIHOB% TBepAo CTOaTb 3a HCIIOBtAyeMbIe
EMH npHHEiHnU hlpe)eHeA IIepKBH. AaJIte 6buJaH poH3HeceHbl ptIH:
mseeiapcKHM%' enHcKOHOM repIoroM% o B03HHKHOBeHiH CTa-
poKaTOJIHlecKaro ABHBeHi.i B'b IIIBeftapiH; repMaHCKHM' en8H-
cKonOMi Be6eponM, sucKaasaBiHM% rny6o0Kyio 6JarofapHocTb
BtHCKHM' CTapOKaTOJIHKaHM 3a TBeplOCTh HX'b peIHriOSHb3X'
y6t eaeHiff; aAMHHHCTpaTopoM' BtHCKOIf CTapoKaTOJn iecKofl o6-
nLRH6I A-po0M iexomh, KOTop i, uo6laroAaprHB npeJUnecTBoBaB-
maHX opaTopoB%, 3aKOHqI4JI CBOIO ptqb CJltAy IOLuHMH COBaMH:
...,EcM Hnama o6niaa I 6tAua COBHl, 3a TO ona 6oraTa BtpoIO
H TepnbHieM-L. Ra noMomKeTb HanM BorB no6 ,IATbL BpeMa He-
B3roA' BtpoIO!"
Bo BTOPOM% ny6jHnHoM' aactAaHia npon3HecjH pYqRH:
r. GIab%-TuHJi o CTapoKaTOJiqeCKOM' ALBHEeHiH BO (DpaHiH
H 0 3aM'THIUX' yCIIuxaXj' CTapOKaTOIJronH3Ma B'% 9TO8 CTpaH'3,
oco6eHHo Bs CTOJIoHAt (DpaHniiH Ba IIapUIt; A-p, Kyniepcm H
upoj. Hannonbl.b o BaKHOCTH 3HaqeHia cTapoKaTOJIHqeCTBa,
upeanHift pHMcrKi MHcCiOHep, Dom Miraglia (Ha JraTHHCKOM'
a8BbuKl) 0 CTapOKaTOJmqeCKOM'L aBHmeHiH Ba HTaniH; aABoKaT'
A-p% BeiteAj -- o 6yAymuHocTH CTapoKaTOJImRIHsMa (saJIoroM%
ycntxa BTORf 6yIyIlHOCTH CJIyKIHT BOBBhbIieHHOCTE CTTapOKaTO3H-
HecKaro yqeHia); npo). BeHzeji coo6mIiL% HtKOTOphIa JaHHIhl
o6b ycntxax' cTapoKaTOJriHecKaro ,ABHKeHia B% ABCTpiH; Ha-
KOHeIn, pellaKTopr ,PyccKaro IIaIomiHKta", A. H. IIonoBHFIAKi
npo'qHTanj Ha 4qpaHny3CKOM SISUKbIK ptlqb, B% KOTOpofi yKaaajiL
Ha TO COqyBCTBie, C% KOTOpuLM'% OTHOCHTCa K% CTapOKaTOJIH-
qecKOMy ABBHmeHiIo H UK ero aaaanaMr, B 0a oco6eHHOCTH K'b
rjaBHtmeI f H3 B HHXL coejHHeHi[o IepKBefl, pyccKaas yxoB-
HaI npecca.






18

Herny6JIwqHu X' actAa fi KoHrpecca 6buJo Tp 2 i 22
OH npOHCXoaHja yTpOM%', IIOCJt jaTypriA, 1) BR cTapofi ropoa-
CKoft paTymIl, pacuoJomeHHOft pflAoM cL He6OJIbbmoI, o'eHL
ApeBHero no apXHTeKTypL, CTapoKaTonJHecKor00 epKOBbo (Sal-
vatorkirche). IIo paHte COcTaBfeHHof i porpaMMt, Ha .STHXb
.actAuaHiiax, npenonoiomeHo 6uio no0BeprHyTb o6cyAeHiIo KOH-
rpecca 8 Te3HCOB% HayqHaro xapaKTepa H 9 npeaJlomeHimft HCTO
npaKTHmecKaro CBofICTBa.
IIepsbft pefepaT% npeAJoa2eH'h 6 0IJI'b OKToponL Be86e-
ieM', n noIoBoy Te3aca o HeB03MO0KHOCTH ocyIIieTBJfemfHi nonU0l-
TOK paMcKaro Hanbi IIPHBeCTH OTtJIHBI"CSaH UepKBH K'b eAHH-
CTBy, TaK% KaK, IIaIICTBO CTpeMHTCH He Kb coeAHleHilo, a K%
6eaycJoBHOMy HuonHiHeHir IJepiKBet CBoeBA BJIaCTi. 3aTpOHyThLfI
pe@epeHTOM'b Bonpoc bajnr BosMOmKHOCTb aHPTO aMepHKaHCKOMy
enRcKony XajHo catiaTh npeAjooKeHie OT'L jHI~a TOJIbKO TO
0KOHAHBinef CBORH 0 actamHiH JIaM6eTCKoAI (Bb JIoH~OI0H) KOH e-
peHIiH, Ha KOTOpo Inp pCYTCTBOBaJIH OKOio 200 enICKOonOB%, o
B0O06HOBReHiH B BOHHI KOHiepeHuiA 1874 H 1875 r.r., aa
paBacMTptHia pa3HocTeaf, OTnHRqaIOImHrX He3aaBHCHMubJ OT PHMa
IepKBH OAHy OTT apyrot.
OTO npeano;eHie hBI3Bnao omHBneHHit 06oM'tH Micjieft.
IIpoTonpecBaTep% I. fH. IHHhU eBs coBepmeHHo OCHOBaTeabHo
yKaaBlaJ Ha 6e3uoIesHocTb BOsO6HOBJIeHia sITHX% KOH(fepeHiLi, no
KpaltiHef Mtpt, jia ptmeHia Boupoca o coejlieHiH cTapoKaTO-
JIHROBs cb npaBocJiasBHIoo UepKOBhIO. 2)

1) TaxKHM o6pa30ao Ba upoAOJI~eHie Konrpecca 6maJ coBepmeHu
TpHn aTypriH nepBsa A.B B eBaHreJHreecIoA IepEKBH Ha Siimpendorf-
strasse (aTo IIojibsoaHie gia 6orocJIymeHiy e epKOBsO O pyroro BtpoHcIIOBt-
Aanisa, BIaaBaHioe, B'poRTHO, TtoCHOTOKIO noMIenHia Ba co6cTBeHHOft epKBH,
Ha Hacms IpOHsBeJIo BecbMa HeupiITHoe BineIaTJrIHie); nocaJIHar, aaynoioft-
Has, coBepmeHa 6b~a Bs CBoeft sepKIB (Salvatorkirche). JIHTypriH coeAH-
HaJIHb Cb c ponoBSabIro; BO BpeMs JIaTyprix IsaJI Myzof xop' H arpaJii
opran7,; BO BpeMs BTOpofl aHTypriH IIpo'sTa'b 6asJI Ha JnaTHHCKOM sIabKt
CVMBOJI sBhpM, 6e8j CJIOBa Filioque (Ha AByx' Apyrx'b JIHTypriax COvM-
BOJlb sBphIp Hne HTaJIacS).
2) OHW, Memay upoumws, cKaaaan:. .IpaBocaaBHo-6orocaoBcKia
InoHnaia 06 01 6nHXb OCHOBaaxr npaBocJaBia H o IacCTHIXn nyiTKTaxrb, OTAB-








BTO saaieHie BecLMa 9HeprHnHO 6mJo nojmepmaHo OAHIMb
H3I CTaptmIIInx CTapoKiaTOJIT ecKHX% CBBHIeHHHKOB% r. RaMHH-
CKHM%, KOTOpubII, Ha OCHOBaHiH l(OaFOJI'THHrPO OnhlTa, np~Hiejnj
K, .3aKMiqeHilo, qTO OTTL IIOJ06HLUX' KOHfQepeHAift HeBO3MO2KHO
OKHi TaTb HnHero ilOJlesHaro HH ]AJJ coefAHeHiH IlepKlBei, HH auJI
RuacHeHii cTapo-KaTOJIMqecKaro yqeHiH; MaJO TOPO. B03o6HO-
naeHie 60HHCKHXI KOHjepeHIiilf, no MHtHilO r. KaMHHCKaPO, OKa-
saJIocb 6 BpeuHhIM% JIra caMHx% cTapoRaTOJIIn OBaL, TaK% KaKi
9TH KOH4(epeHgiH nIocjIyaHJH 6h JIna aHrJIHKSaH% OAHHM1 H3s% opy-
Jiift CAtjIaThb H8% HI x%, CTapoxaTOuHIOB%, asR ce6sI ,pa60B'b".
TtM'- He MeHfe npeton;KeHie enmcKoua X8JI, RHo;jrep2KaHHoe
enHcKonoMi I'epgoroMo K Hpo(p. HHnoITIIOIb)O 6buio IIpHHHTO, npH
IeM% 6uhIa H36paHa KOMM4CCiR H3'% IIHTH JIMHl4% JJIf nIIOJOTOBJie-
Hifi KOHQepeHqiH, 4HMtOImeI 6UTL B'b B BOHH B-% 1898 roJty.
Hai, nposHx% pelepaTroBb, aojioeHHiux' Ha KOHrpecce,
oco6eHHaro BHHMaHiHa 3acJy,.KIBaOT perepaTa CBaImeHHHKa CTapO-
KaToJriHqecKof o6n(HHu B'% IIaccay r. reOTa (o CBB. KIpuI4JI~I H
Meeoofi) n npojeccopa Mumo (o IoaHHI rycct H IepoHHMt
IIpatiCKOM%).
r. FeTI Jb oKa3UBaJI%, 'qTO nepnoy'IHTeJIH ciBaBHHcKie CTOHJIH
Ha TOR Me IIOqBt CeMH BCceJeHCKHX'i Co6opoB%, Ha KOTopoRi CTO-
H[T% H CTapOKaTOJIHKH; npOTHB'b BHeceHi1 B% CVMBOJI% BtpU cJIOBa
Filioque MeeoAif.i oacTaBsaJl TaKTKe, KaK% cTapoKaTOJnHKH; cjia-
BcHHKie anOCTOJIbH B03CTaBaIH, J ,anae, npoTHB% geHTpajiH3auii



JIaSIOH X'b OTS nero nancTBo H npoTecTaHTHM'b, He pas, yace bicKaaaHn
Ha MH cTapoKaTOJIHKaMl H yCTHO, H neIaTHO: 3saWtM' euie HyHh~ HaM'l HO-
BUSa KOHepeHnin ? Buepa aq noaBoaJHnI ce6e coo6B HTb KOHrpeccy, TO He
co CTOpOHbI IaCTHAbIXb ajIn4, a co CTOPOHbI yIIOJHOMOIeHHIX'L y2e onT pyc-
cxaro CBaTtimaro CvHoAa HpeOnpIHHsTtT H'tROTOpblS CHomeneHi C cTapoxa-
ToaHJecKO)I KOMMHC ielo, H Bb THX% CHoiomeHiaMb coo60ueHO, CKOJILKO a 3HaH,
Bee cyniecTBeHHoe. ITO cTapOKaToJiHKaMn cJIrtyeTrb upeJrge Bcero HM'Tb Ba
BHay, eCJI OHn SeiaIOT'b KaHOnHwecKaro o6mteHia eb HaBM: MOryTr-JIK, noc-
J'b aToro, Hamn 6orOCIOBUI Ha HOBUIX% KNoHepenlisaxT cKa3aTh-ITO-JIH60 Ho-
Boe ? ,TJIs Mein, ipHBHaIocb, COMHHTeJIbHO: ioMe3HbI-HIH 6eaROHew Hbi pa3-
cymxceHiH O orMaTaxi BtPbl A.IaI caMHXb cTapOKaTOJIiHOBb ?" IlepKOBHLI~
B'CTHHK'b 1897 r. J 39, CTp. 1250.






20


pHMCKOft tfepKBH, 3animHIaif CaMOCTORTeJILHOCTL CJIaBfHCKOft llepKBlH;
IpOTHB'L TOR Me leHTpajnaanRi B0oaTaIOT'% H CTapOKaTOJHKH;
HaKOHeis, CJaBaHcKie anIocTOJi, He CMOTPS Ha sanpemeHie nanu
H Ha 3aKOH'b 0 JiaTHHCKOM-b lepKOBHOM' HSUhlK, 6opojncb 3a
BBeAeHie cJIaBHHcKoA JHTypriH H sa cymecTBOBaHie ciaaBIHCKaro
iepKOBHaro amsKa; sa BBeAeHie Hai1iOHaJIHblX' S3hlKOBb B'
iepKOBHoe oorocJIyEeHie 6opaTca H cTap0KaTOJHKH. BO3BpaTHB-
nIIHC Klt fyxy H BApt CBB. KHpHjija H Meoonia, cnaaBe e-KaToiHKH
HaIJIH 6OI BMICT C% TtMTb yTpaqeHHy)I HMH, HCTOPHreCKH aOKasaH-
HyIO, CBHS8b Cb paBOCJiaBHhIMH BOCTOqHbIMH JepKBaMH TaKOBO
8saKIvoeHie AOJIo;eHHaro r. reTteMwL (qeTBepTaro 1) TeaBca.
1H8i BbI3BaHHaPO BecbMa BaAHUMIb H HHTepeCHbIM' pe)epa-
TOM' r. reTaa o6MtHa Mucbiel t Meriy quIeHaMiH KoHrpecca o6Ha-
pyMKHJCL, 'TO cTpeMJieHie Ki o6pa3oBaHiio HalioHaJnbHbux
HesaBHCMuIX' OT% PHMa ILepBelf HeCOMHtHHO cylleTByeT%
cpeAH ciaBsHH XRHBayiQHX B'b exiH H Mopasim. MoKHo no-
TOMy HaA'LTibaT HTO MHorie H8'L HHXL IIpHMKHyT'b K'L CTapO-
KaTOJIH2'eCKOMy BHAteHiIO.
B' TICHOBI CB3HI4 C' pefaepaTOM r. reTia Haxoijaca He-
nocpeAcTBeHHo cAJIloBaBauifi 8a HHMb pe4}epaT' tipo4). MHmo,
no noBOVy naTaro Teasca cBtAyiomaro coAepmaaHi: ,qyXKAMif
BCOKOIl IIOIHTHIKH H BCHKOIR 0IIOJHTHlqeKO IInapTiH, CTOS HCKJI)O-
qITeanHO Ha InoB'q peJarin, IV HHTepaHaiiOHaJILHbIl cTapo-
KaTOJIHqecKif KOHrpecc0 o6sHBJeTie, iTO ocymIe2Hie H commeHie
IoaHHa rycca H IepOHHMa IIpamcKaaro KoHCTaHCKHM' co6opoMn
OH' ocyaitaeTL, KaK' Mtpy He HaeojniecKyIO HO xpHcTiaHcKyiO.
OHb o6 iflBMneT' anJie, HTO qeXH HMfIIOT% nupaBO H penHrioaHyIo
o6a3aHHOCTb IrpHCTIynHTb IKb OCHOBaHiIO HagiOHaJIbHOiR IepRBH,
Inoo6HO apyrHM'b HaiiOHaJBbHbIM'L IepKBaM'L, M BHCIIKas3BaeT'b

1) TpeTif TeaMHc o TOM-, HTO CTapOKaTOJIHUHSMM LepZHTCia pHuIHIua
HagioHa&JbHHl qepxOBHocTH, ipeaJnoioeHHbi cTapoKaToJIaH'eCKHMe cBaneaHHH-
KOM (Ha B roTTec6epra) AOJsIbOMbo To6iacoMb, Ha KoHrpecct 6bij upn-
coeAHHeH KIb Te3Hcy r. reTga.
BTopof TeaHC'b o06 yJIbTpaMOTaHCTB' H rH6ebHbX'b ero IIOCJItArT-
Biaxh u peaioaIeHli 6MJia H AAoroeHn' Ha xoHrpecct a~MuHHCTpaTopoM7b
BtHCROA cTapoRaToJnuecIoft o6nIHHi~M MHJIomeM'b exomn.






21

ropaiee meJaHie, qTo6M 9TO naTpiOTIHecKoe, CBHTOe tj0o yJa-
JIOCb HnoJIHHTb, npH noMolni Boidef. 1)
Has 9 3HaqHBIIHxcaI B% nporpaMMt npeaJIOKeHhi, no lie-
maBfsmHx% pa8CMOTptHiIO KOHrpecca, nepsuBa eTMpe o bIpa-
ieniH 6jarojapHocTH peAaKniu HHTepHaiioHaJIbHaro 6orocJIoBCKaro
mypHana 3a ea TpyAUb; 06% OTKphITiH HHTepHaijioHaIbHaro 6oro-
CJOBCKaro 4aKybJTeTa B'b BepHt; o MaTepiaJILHo notAep;KKt
t'X% CBeaiLeHHHKOB%, KOTOpue, nonyqMiB o6pasoBaHie nH ocBf-
IreHie Ba pHMCKof IjepKBH, 3a TfM% JIejiaiOT'% nepeITH Bs cTapoKa-
TOJIHaecKyIO H HMIOT%' BbaBy Ba COOTBBeTCTBeHHhIX 60orOCJOBCKlHX%
yqe6HhIx 8aBexeHiax% onaHKOMHTbCe C cyIUIOCTMio CTapOKaTO-
jqmecKaro IABHeeHia, H o6' o6pa3oBaHiH Aaa TOiR AtJIH HHTepHanio-
Haanharo AeHeKHaro KallHTaja, npeaInoMeBHHLIua mBseiapcKHM%
eniHConoua 'epIoromh, 6iinJH nIIHHaTU KOHrpeccowr; upo'ia nIaTb
npenomeeHift, Tome qHCTO npaKTHqecKaro CBOACTBa, He 6UJIH
AonojieHbI KOHrpeccy, TaK%' KaK% IpeaJIO;nHBmil HX'% CBa IeHHHK%
MeaHI H8 OpeM6ypra Ha KOHrpecr% He aIBHICH.
B% 3aKiioqeHie AOJOieHBI 6blnIH MHOrPOHCIeHHLIH upPHBTCT-
BeHHbI IIniCbMa H TeJerpaMMu, noJIyqeHHEaI Ha HMa KOHrpecca
(MemAy nIIpHMo OT' KOHCTaHTHHoojinbCKaPO naTpiapxa) H co-
CTosHJOCL coBimtaHie o BpeMeHaH H MtCT 6yAyiyaro HHTepHaiio-
HanbHaro CTapOKaTOnHiqecKaro KOHrpecca. OH' npeAluoaomeH% Bs
1899 roay B oAHOM HBt ropoABoa IomKHOA repMaHia (MIOH-
xeHt Hu ITaccay).


1) Has cjIAAyIonHX'b, HnoAJiemasmHx'a (no uporpaMM) o6cymAeHilo ROH-
rpecca Te3HCOBrb, meOCTOl Te3HC%, HMtioInift B'b BHEy aannHTy HJIOCO4iH
aBcTpifcKaro yienaro AHTOHa rPoHTepa, ocymgieHHoft nanoio Iienr IX, npeg-
oJIOmeHHin enIHCKonoM' Be6epoMw, 65 iM B3aITb OKJIaaJIqHOM% o6paTHO.
IIocajAHie zBa Te3Hca ce~bMoA, BupamaIonift Ty MICJIb, wTO geHTpT
TaSIeOTH cTapOKaTOJxaIHIHaMa 3saKroaeTca He CTOJnMaO Bb HOJIeMHK' IPOTHBI
HOKateHisa pMCKOH) IlepKOBbiO gepKOBHaro y'eHiS, AHCIHnIIJIHHBI H 6orocay-
meHiH, CKOJMbRO B' coaJaHiH HCTHHHaro KaeoJmiHIHMa Bb TpeOXr yasaaHHHXTb
HanpaBJieHixax, He CTOJIbKO BS OTpHgiaTeJbHOl, CKOJITRO Bb I HOJIOIHTeJibHOR
pa6oTt, H BochMOA, rjacainif: ,cTapoKaToJiHgH3Mm no CBoeMy cynIecTBy
HCTHHHO-KOHcepBaTHBenb H CTHHHO-nIH6epaIeHb ; IpOBOeAeHHHIl nocC'tIOBa-
TejLHO OHR eCT p npHMHpeHie rocyAapTBa H UIepiBH, aBTOpHToTa H CBo6OAbl"
- 6IOH npeJInomaeH H JiOInoieHH Ha onHrpecct TtM% mKe enHCKOHoMBe6epOMb.





22

jAnII nom0OTu ounHaHiI Bcero npoHCxonlHBsaro Ha KoHrpecct
Heo6xoanMo ynOMSIHyTL eme o COCTOfBInenca Bbs 3 qaca pgs
21 aur.
2 cenT. 6aHKeTi yaCTHHKOB' KOHrpecca. BameTL nuponHxoA1nJI
IBn Ronachersaal't n oTJIIqajInc 60oLRLHM'L BOOAynMeBJieHieM'L.
Ha BTOML 6aHKeTr, BL OTBtTb Ha cepaeqHyro ptib enacKOna
repiora, B' KOTOPOfl OHL CO' 6JIarooapHocTilO HaUOMHHjiL, npH-
CyTCTBsyOIUHma 0 nocCTOsHHHOM' COqyBCTBiI KI' CTapOKaTOJHKaML
CO CTOpOHhI BOCTOMHOI LfepKBH H KOTOpyI) 3aKOHMHai'L TOCTOMS
sa npoTonpecBHTepa I. JI. fH]IImeBa a A. A. KHpteBa, no0-
TeHHhf IIpOToupecBHT(epL C% HeMeHLuIme cepAeiHOCTilo BshcKamaniL,
qItM BLIShIBaeTCS 9TO COqyBCTBie npaBocjnaBHbix Ii aoelie KI
CTap0KaTOJIHqecKOMy ABH1eKeHiO: ,Pa3BB MOMHO, CKaBaiH OH',
He coyaBCTBOBaTb cTapoRaTOJiHqecKOMy ,ABIHeHiIO ? PasB' MO0HHO
BCRKOMy, CKO IbKO HHfAbL BHaKOMOMy CO CJIOBOM'L BOHiHML H
HCTopiem) ApeBHe8 IIepKBH He jnHimeHHOMy 'yBCTBa IeCTH H
3spaBaro CMbcna qejiOBAKy, pa3Bs MomIHO eMy, npocTO KaKr
qenJOB'Ky, ocTaBaTbca paBHO)ylIIHIM'L, KorPa OHL HCHO BHA4HTL,
ITO HenpaBAa, aBHaSa JIrob BLihaeTcI BceMy Mipy aa HCTHHy,
OTKpuhTYIO caiMHM BorOM', 8a TaKylO HCTHHy, HeiipHBHaHie Ko-
TOpol iIoABepraeTr 6yTTo 6I qenoB K a unpoiaTilO, ocyaMeHilO
Ha BtqHiH MyKa? PaSBt He IIO80p' AJIia cTaparo IHBHjiH3aBaH-
Haro 3anaala, An HaToniaqecKaro eMetHHO 3araAa, 'TO OH'L Ba
1870 rogy, Bs JIH Lt 3HaTH'LIIIUiHX' H npoCBtmleHHktumIHX% CBO-
Hlx iepapxoBb, cHaqana HtcKOb KO BCTepneHyjca 6luio Ha sa-
InHTy XpHCTOBa EsaHreaii, HO CKOp0 HOTOM% H IOCTbIAHO nOHHKL
H npeKJIOHHJICH npel'g T'Mi, qTO caMH me 0TH iepapxH BO Bce-
ycjamaie nponoBtA]lBanin KaK JIroob? Pa3BB MOEHO nocJIn
OToro He coqyBCTBOBaTL OTri Bcero cepala xpHCTiaHaM%, My;KaM
HayKH H 9eCTH, KOTOpLIMu'i Hs3MHHJIB HXb iepapxH, KOTOpble
caMOOTBep2HeHHO B03CTaaJH 8a XpHCTOBO EBaHrenie H BOThL yme
6oiae 25T aTT HecyTr Ha ce6f, noA06Ho ApeBHuHM InOABHE-
HHIEaML, BCt, TOJIIKO BaML O.HHMr' HBBBCTHLIH, THIKBEI IIOCJJI/(-
CTBiL Baanieo BeJIHKaro npeAInpiaTiH? JAia Hacbo, BOCTOTHLIX% H
pyccIMKHx xpHcTiaH'L, BL, B'L BalIeM'L JIHki cnacaeTe Btpy Brs
cymecTBOBaHie Ha KaTOJraiecKOML 3aiiaAt qeCTHOA 60orocJIoBcKo]






23

HayKH H HCTHHHO XpHCTiaHCKaro, YymRaro ieByHTH3My H n1ORH-
THKt, HacTpoeHia.
He MOry He coqyBCTBOBaTb BaMa H KaKn co3HaTeJIIoHo Bt-
pyiomik xpHcTiaHHHb: B'ab Ta IIOqBa, Ha KOTopo0i BU, BUHytK-
AeHHhIe HCKaTt xpHCTiaHCeKyH~) paBAy, OCTaHOBHJIHCL, eCTb eJHH-
CTBeHHO TBeplaa ~ 8J opoBan, 6oraTaH HeCOMHtHHUIMH CBBHATeJIL-
CTBaMH 0 TOM'L, KaKb YCBoeHO H BBeAeHO B'% IH13H Mipa EBaH-
renie HT Bb nIeMb COCTOHTL Hame BpeMeHHoe H BtItHOe cuaceHie!
Be3sa ApeBHei IlepKBH ceAsMM BceneHCKHx' co6opoB' AJiSI Hacb
He 6hJIO 6ul xpHCTiaHCeOf HCTI4HH, KaK% He 6JI10-6hb B' Mipt
H XpHCTiaHCTBa Boo06IIe.
HI KaK% IaTpiOTr, a BIOJIHt C0WoBCTByIO c6jIHeHiKo ci
BaMH, 6 a 3Haio, ITO AJIU pyccKaro, KaKR H AJIH BCKaro APy-
roro HapoAa, TOJILKO TOPra BOSMOKHUI HopMaZIbLHuh pOCT' H BCe-
CTOpoHHee pasBHTie ero CHJ% H 6jiarococToaHif, iKorla OHL mHH-
BeT'L He saMKHyTO B'b cef6, a HaupOTHB%, oxpaHqI TBepCAo CBOo
HHAHBHMyaJILHOCTL, noAHAepiRHBaeTL qeCTHuIa CHOImemH cf b Apy-
r1HMH HapOAaMH, yMaeT IIt'HHTb HX' AOCTOblHbI yBaKeHem Ka-
qecTBa, a BM'CTt yM'eT' H ApyrHX' sacTaBJaTb yBaamaTb H ce6a.
Oco6eHHo Me Tenepb, nocnj ceroAHrmiSaro sactaaHia, He
MOry He BLUpa30T BaM'n raiy6oKaro cosyBCTBia, KaKw cJIaBrHHHL:
BtjIl BCt 8TH Te38ChI H OAyffeBJIeHHLI ptP H 0 CBB. KHpI4JIlIt H
Meeooit, o6f IoanHH Pycet H IepoHHMt IpamCKOM'i, 8TH 11o-
meaaHin, qT06LI y caaBHHO-KaTOJIHROB'b BO.3HKIIH IepKBH HX'L
CBaTbux$ nepBoyHTenaef, eTH y6kmAeHii, qTO TaKia IJepKBH CO-
CTaBJSIHOT' cyImecTBeHHoe yCJIOBie HaqiOHajibHO1l caMOCToaTeIb-
HOCTI H HesaBHCHMOCTH OT'L PHMa, Bee 9TO 3aTpor0PBaeTL cambMh
rjy6oKia H msH3HeHHuI noTpe6HocTH caaaBaHCKaro Mipa, ecTb Ht-
'TO HaMLa BHnoJiH pOAHOe H B' BLICHlmelf CTeIIeH Aoporoe. OT'L
cJasBHacKaro cepAga nosTOMy BOsriaflao KoHrpeccy, ero BhICOKO-
3acaymeuHHoMy npeActAaTej HI H Bcei CTapoKaToJIHqecKOi BbICOKO-
upenoAo6Htfuimel iepapxiH He HtMerKoe hoch, a pyccKoe ,,ypa"! 1)


1) IlepI oBHH i BtCTHRIK' 1897 r. X* 39, cTp. 1253 H 1254.






24

Ta nupoHcxoHaJI IV HHTepHaniOHaJLbHLIrl CTapoxaToaH-
i ecKilf KOHrpecc% Ba B BH.




RaKoe-ae BaKLiiOeHie 0o TapoKaToJaHqecTBI MOaHO CA,'IaTI
H 30 Bcero CKa3aHHaro? ROHeqHO, CTpeMaeHia CTapoRaToIHKOB'o
CyTL cTpeMneHiH ,Ao6pIai H HCKpeHHia; TM'M% He MeHte, B'b Hk-
KOTopux' OTHOIIIeIax'b oHH elme HeAocTaTo'uHO TBepAhU H ICHhI.
TawK, Hma coeAHHeHis c% npaBocJIaBHUMH JIepBaMH, CTapoKa-
STOlHKH BM',CTt C' T'M'L c6jiH~mal)TCa C'I IpOTeCTaHTaMH, a
TaKce C' IIocaJtBaTeJIHMH aHPJIHKaHCKarO HCIIOB~aHi1 1). 3a
TAM'L, OCTaIOTCJI y CTapOKaTOHJMKOB'b ewe HtKOTOpbe OCTaTKR
pHMCKHX'b 3a6ayaHAeHifi H npeJy6teaeHi. HaKoHeli, CTapo-
KaTOJIHKH repMaHCKie, 4paHIyacKie, mBetnapcKie H roJaaHACKie
-- AaaeKo emeHe e upHimH KI nojHOMy corJameHiIo Meay
co6oIo H, KaK Mbl BHAtIH, 2) ewIe He ptuImaOTCHa npOB.orTL Ba
npaKTHKy iepKOBHylO TO, HTO yme upHaHaeTca HMH BL TeopiH.
By*AeM%, OfHaKo, Hat~1$aTbCH, qTO HCKpeHHJa rOTOBHOCTL
CTapOKaTOJIHKOBr' ynoTpe6HTb BC e ycHnia, npHHecTH BcaKaro poAa
KeepTBhl AJas BseHKaro AtJa COeAHHeHia CbL IpaBOcnaBHOIo BOC-
TOqsHOIO lepKOBlbK npIPBeAyTr BTO Af$no K'b ~KenaemoMy ROH.y.
HI KTO SHaeT'L 6bhT MO eTe sTO coeAHHemie IHepRBefl 6yseTl


1) C% nocatnlHHMH, xax rOBopHT' r. KepeHnEif, CTapoxaTOJIHRH Aame
SBTynanJ HO paa3 sB intercommunion H iepeas aTO caaMH Hapymain BaICTaB-
JneHHoe HMIH ae caMHMH HonoateHie o BoacoeAHHeHiH IglepBef Hna noaBt
yHenia ApeBHe-HepasatanbHof IepKBH. CM. craTLH r. Kepencxaro, Hanera-
TaHHas BI IIpaBocJIaBHOM~b Co6ecrtxHHK (1897 r. HN 10-12): ,,K cTapo-
KaTOJIIeCKOMy Bonpocy. OTBhTTL cTapOKaTOJIM ecKOMy eHcominy Be6epy"
H ,MeTBepTbI e HHTepHaioHajbnHbia cTapoKaTomwiHecxif RoHrpeccO H ero
aHaqeHie B HCTopiH cTapoKaTOmIecK&aro ABHveHia".
2) CM.BmeO CTp.10 H 11. IIpOTHBT caaHHaro r.KepeHHCKHM' Bb BTOM'bOTHO-
I\eHiH cTapoxaToJIHXaMI ynpexaBospamaeT'b Ipo .3.MImo:,CTapoiaToaIHecKaa
Ilep0KOBB, rOBopHTS OHb, HHKIroa He BXO0HJIa B's Ianxia jnl6o oHiniaJinbia
OTHomeHia cL IUepEBaMH IpOTecTaHTC.HMH. BnMBajmH JIHm~IH CHOmeHis Mecliy
xaHM b-H-6yAb CTapoKRaTOaHKOM'b H KaEHM'6-HH6yfb npoTeCTaHTOML, HO, nO-
BTOpaHI, Mea y T H p yr oo 1o I ep OBbL HHxoraa HHKaRHXb
OT oHmeHif He 6mino." (MOCKOB. BtAOMOCTH as 1898 r. X 85 OTL 4 esBpaj&.)






25 a

nepBEMl maroMui KL eaaHeHil0 Bcero xpHcTiaHcKaro Mipa, Ki
ycTpaHeHiro npHcKOp6Haro, MHOrOBtKOBaro m B6 riiasaxLb He-
xpaHCiaHL yKOpMsHeHHaro pas3tjeHia BL xpHCTiaHcKof I epKBH4!
B%, npaBOCJaBHOfi IepKBH, BMWCTk C% MOJHTBOIO o coeuH-
HeHiH IepKBet, BcerAa mHaa H MHBeT' Hae1KaAa, ITO coeAHHeHie
8TO 6yjesT Koraa HH6yab BOBCTaHOBieHO. IKaKHM CJlaBHbIM'b
co6HTieML BaBepmnUc6 6u XIX Bt K eC J 6u B' KOHIt ero
6bIjn cAkaIaaH BTOTT' neps6Bu marb!














IIpHLJioKeHie.



MaTepiaaji, oTHocaamlieca Ia Bonpocy o coeunHeHin
CTapOKaTOJIHROB'I C HnpaBOCJaBHLIMR 1).

I.
AoHeceHie C.-IIeTep6yprcKof IOMMHCCiH CB. CVHOJfy.
IIo yKa3y CBHTtfimaro IIpaBHeTejibTByIomiaro CvHoAa OTI 15 ,1e-
Ka6pa 1892 r. 3a o 5038 coCTaBjeHHaj I KoMMHcia, UpHcTynaHBs a
BbIHCHeHilO TtXl yCJIOBfi H Tpe60BaHifi, RaKia Moria 6n 6 alTba 0-
JAo eHbI BI OCHOoy neperoBoposB co CTap0KaTOJiHKaMH, HInymHMH
o61neHian ci npaBociaBHnor BOCTOIHOIO ILepROBbIO, yCMOTptja Heo6-
xoAHMOCTb npemIAe Bcero BBIsCHHT, Koro CJiByeTL pa3yMtTb noxI
cTapoRaToJHKaMH. TO HMl YCBOIOT1 ce6f MHorie a3S' 3anaAHbix'
xpHCTianb,, HecorjacHuie cL ApyrHMH cTapKaToAHKEaMH HH BI 6oro0-
CAOBCKHXb y6iHAeHifiax, HH B2 CTpeMaenieaxi.
KoMMHCia nOHHMaeTi nHOA CTapoKaTOIHKaMH TOJbKO 3anaAnhx2
xpHCTiaHl Tpexb MtcTHabX' IAepKBe: yTpexTCKfi (Bi roJiaHAaiH),
repMaHcKof H mBefilapcKOf, cocTaBAjIOIIHxib nacTBy apxienHcxona
ryfJIa II enacKonoBb PeftHKeHca H repgora, Tas KaRl H IHml 3TH
CTapoRaTOJ haI HMtIoTb 6Joate H i MeHIte onpeAetnHBmyioca neposB-
HyIO opraHH3auiIo, yCTaHOBHBmeeca 6orocjyaIeHie H aBTOpn3oBaHHblHa
K1HrH AorMaTHiecKaro H OTTaCTH KaHOHHaecKaro xapaKTepa.
CpeACTBa, KOTpUbMH pacnoiaraia KoMMHccia AJ cocTaBJeHia
cBoero cyazeHia o61 3THXL cTapoKaTro.HKaxb, 6biaH caayIomia:
1. Tai HaasuBaeMoe YTpexTCKoe o6basBeHie, noAn[ncaHHoe
24 (12) CeHTs6pa 1889 r. BCBMH IIHTLIo cTapoKaTOJIRHeciKHM enH-
CKonaMH Toro BpeMeHH.
2. PyKOBOACTBO KI o6yeHiio0 KaeoRaqecKofi BIpt Bs BI IcmHx

1) H3BxeqeHU H3Ia ,,IepKOBHaro BtcTHHaa" 1896 r. JI 37,
38, 39 H 1897 r. N 39.






27

mKojax-, H3AaHHoe (npo(. JIaHreHOMI) no nopyseHiio cTaporaTOJiH-
qecKaro CHHoAa aB BOHHt 1875 r.
3. KaTHxHaHCi, H3AaHHblf B Bo BHH (B' 1875 r.) no nopy-
qeHio cTapoKaToaHsecIaro cHHoAa.
4. XpacTOBo-KaeooJanecRif KaTHXHaHC, (mnefinapcKHXSb Tapo-'
KaTOAHIOBs), BepHn 1889 r.
5. KHara aHTypreHqeC KHX MOJITBOCJIOBifi cl np~joieoieMs
KHHrH IICHOIn$ Hiii, MaHHrefiMs 1885 r.
n 6. Knara MOAJTB s xpHCTOBO-KaeoOIHqecKof mBefiiapcKofi
AIepKBH, Bepas 1889 r.
ToriKO nepBblii H3% 3THXI nIaMIlTHHKOB'b HMteT' BaEHOCTb He-
npepeIaeMo AoKyMeHTajbHyIo. CPyKOBOACTBO> ae a o6a IKarexH-
3H3as, no oB033spHio caHnnx CTapoKaTOJIHHOB', AOCTaTO1HO BtpHO
H3JaraioTi Hxs BbpoyqeHie, HO aHaqeHia cHMBOJiHqecKaX KEHar He
HMtIOTs H MOryTs 6hTb (aBTopHTeTOMs CTapOKaTOJIHeCKHXs CHHOAOBTb)
Bs H'bKOTOpBIX'b noApo6HOCTIaxs H HnpaBjaeHA H Aono HeHHl.
IIaMHTHHKa, H3saramioaro BtpoypeHie yTpeXTCKOfi ,epKBH, B%
oTHomeHiH Ks IpOqHMS cTapoIKaTOJIHKaM, repMaHC~Hm H mBefiiap-
CKHca IepKBH-MaTepH, KOMMHCCia He HMtja. Ho gepKOBHoe o6imemie
yTpexTCKoi IAepKBH CO CTapOKaTOJHKaMH repMaHcKHMH H IIBeiiap-
CKHMH nosra3LIBaeTI, qTO HH Ba leMn' AorMaTflecRoM pa3HOCTH MeaEy
Hero H Hpos MH cTapoKaTOJHKaMH He cymlecTByeT'.
la cocTaBJeHifl cyHmAeHia o CTapoRoaTOJaxs Ba axs npo-
meAmem%, KOMMuHCCiH HMta citAyiom.ia AanHHua:
1. o6paAoBnxs (H KaHOHHMecKHxs) paa3OCTefi (7 nynHTOBIb), OTJAIqaio-
iHaxs 3sanalHyIo IIeposBb OTS IlpaBOcjiaBHof BOCTOq1HOi').

1) TOTI 06mecTBa JloGaTejiei AyxoBHaro IIpocBtmneia. C.-nleTep6yprcKii
OTAtJ s. BTOpofi roA% 1873-1874. C.-IIeTep6yprb 1874,. Tp.428--434.
,orMaTHqecKia paaHocTH: 1. O IqepKBH H ea r.AaB (npeAcTaBjeHie
o pHMCKOMS enIcaont Raas episcopus ecclesiae universalis H ero
plenitudo potestatis ecclesiasticae). 2. O CB. ,yxt (Filioque). -
3. O IIpecBaToi ,I~tB immaculatea conception 4. O Ao6pu '
At.aax' (cBepxAoa~Hhi i sacayra). 5. O rptxax' satisfaction ; nH-
AyreHaiH). 6. O 3arpo6Hofi aHn3HH (qHCTHJllAHe). KaHOHRiiecKia
n o6paaOBbas pa3HOCTH: 1. O cVMBOpao Bstp (BCTaBna coBa Folioque).
- 2. O TaHHCTBet RpemeHiaJ (o06aBaHie). 3. O TaRHCTBt MVpO-
noMaeaHia (oco6eHHOCTa KOH~ paHpMagi). 4. O TaHHCTBl eBxapHCTiH
(onptcHoRH; MOMeHTa ocBamIeHia; sub una; HT'b upiqaigeHi AtTefi).
- 5. O TaaHHTBt noKaIHia satisfaction) -- 6. O TaHHCTBt 6paKa
(gearH6aT's AyxoBeHCTBa). 7. O TaaHHTBt eAeocBaineHia extremaa
unctio).






28


3TOTb nepeqeaH cocTaBJeHi C.-IIeTep6yprcRKI M OTA 'BIOM
o6mecTBa jIo6uTeiei AyxoBHaro npocBaI neHiH BIs 1874 r.
B% OTBtTl Ha nepeqeHb B% TOMI zae roAy OTs CTapoIaTo-
aHKOB-B noayqeHab 6uaH -
2. <3aMtqaHia Ha exeMy quaestionum contraversarnm>.
H 3. OTqeTr o sactAaHiaxI 'AByx' 6oHHcRHaX' KOHepeHgifi,
6HBmlIax BI 1874 a 1875 r.r.
CpaBHeHie -IepeqHa> c , R oco6eHHO C CYT TpexTCKHM o06 aseHiemwh Aaa O IOMMHaccil BO3MOaK-
HOCTb y6tAHTbCH, sTO cTapoKaTOAjHKH cS 1874 r. 3HaaHTeIbHo upn-
6AjSHaHCb Kb npasBOCaaBHOt IAepKBH.
BucoIOBaaHoe AIH cTapoKaT~OJrIHOBI' <'TpexTCKoe 06iSaBeHie1)
xacaeTca He Bctxb AormaTnHectKHXL BonpocOBb.

*) BOT'b caMbi TeICT'L 06'iO6aBeHia,:
.
loans reFeKamn, apxienucxons ympeamctig,
Kacnaps loans Pune.,K enucKons waapAexcCiU,
Kopjneaii funenda.b, enuecons dese6emepcni,
oceugfS ry6epms PeUiicenca, enucxons sep.Manciou cmapoxamoau-
vecKoKQ Ilepr6u,
3dyapOs Feptoas, enue~ons w eeUapcKog xpucmono-Kamolusecxoit
Itepaseu,
co6paBmacb cero ABaA.aTb 'eTBepTaro ceHTa6pa Tmicaa BoceMb-
COT' BOOeMbAeCHTI AeBSTaro roAa BL apxienHCKoncKOMS noABopsb BI
YTpexTt H npH3aB'b CBaTaro ,2yxa, as3Aaenb (erlassen) HHtecat-
AyiojMee 3aaHBJeHie
Ka KaeojuqecKoui lepiesu.
Co6paBsmcb BcntAcTBie npHrAameHia conoAuncaBmaroca apxie-
nHCKona yTpexToKaro, Aia co6eCtAOBaHia, M I njOAOZHJIH: BnpeAb OT%
BpeMeHa jo BpeMeHH co6HpaTbcJ BMtCT'B Jia coB mania o61 o6maxi
Atjax% ci yqacTieM'b HamHax noMOIniHHKOBI, coBtTHIKOBs H 6oro-
CAOBOB%.
IIpa ceM% nepBOMrb co6paHiH Hamemb caHTaeMx 6jaronoTpe6-
HnMu Bl ob06eMW 3asBJieHiH KpaTRO H3J8OZTb Tt nAepKOBHHa OCHOBO-
noJoaceHif, coo6pa3Ho Clb OTpatMH MbI AO CaHX nopp HicnpaBsaIJi
Hamy enHCRoncRIyo AOJaIHOCTb H 6yAemb BfnpasBJaTb Ha 6yAymnee
BpeMM H KOTOPHS Mb nHOPo3Hb Heo~BoKpaTHo HIMtJH Cjyqai BEI-
CKaSHBaTb.
1. MI TBepAo AepiHMca H peBHegepKOBHaro 0CHOBHaro npa-
Bjsa, KOTopoe BHKeHTifi JIHpHHCaiB BBpa3HJsi BI nooxaoeHiH:
id teneamus, quod ubique, quod semper, quod ab omnibus creditum
est; hoc est enim vere proprieque catholicum (Mau AepaHMca Toro,
BO iTO BtpHp IIOBCHOLy, HO qT BtPHpH BcerAa, BO WTO Btpua Bact;
IIOTOMy 'TO BTO TOJIbKO H eCTb B' HCTHHHOMI H Co06TBeHHOMI CMUbCJIA
cejeHencoe).






29


,1Aea nocJitAie ero nyHnTa, 7-of a 8-f, BnpamaaIT' ynoBaHie,
qTO ycajia0 6orocOBOBs AOCTHrayTb corjameHia OTHocHTejnLHo pas-
HocTef Menaty IIepRBaMH, npoaBjnemua He BI TaKO nIOAeMBH KOTO-
pan, norptmaa npoTHBs HaCTRHHOt jIo6B, TOJbKO ocKop6JIaeTrb
pasBpaamaeTI IIpOTHBHIHOB'L, HO Bs cnpaBeAJnHBOM o6cyZmeaiH cy-
lAecTByIomHXax paHocTe8t, coraacHnoM- c AyxoMb nxO6BIH xpHcTiaHeKROi,
- HtKorAa yBHqaMioTcH ycntXOM'b, H WTO BtpHoe xpaHeHie yqeial
XpHCTOBa, cb ycTpaHeHieMw BCarKUX npHMUImaBmaxca K% HeMy no


IIoceMy MR TBepyAo iepanHMca BtpW ApeBHe IJepKBH, xaIn oHa
BIpaaeHa BO BcejenHcKHXI.L cBOIax a HO BCBeeo6I1e ipHBHaHHiixL
AorMaTHqecKHXa b onpeAtaeHniax BceaeHcKax'b co6opomi HepaasteHHoii
IepsxB nepsaro TUcamIeJliTia.
2. OTBepraeMb BaTHanancie AecpeTU OTb 18 IionJ 1870 roAa
o Henorpt IMOCTH H 061b yeHBepeaAbHOMI enHCKCOICTBt naH o nep-
KOBHOMbI BceBJacTiH pnHMCaro nain, KaK{L npOTHBOph anmie Btpt
ApeBHefl IqepeKB H paspymamomie ApeBHeuepKOBHoe yCTpOfCTBO. Ho
3TO He npenalTCTByeTI HaMs npH3HaBaTb uCTopaHecaoe nepBeHCTBO,
KaKI OHO yCBoeHO 6bio pHMCKOMy euHCKony, KaiKb IepBOMy cpeAB
paBHbaxL (primus inter pares), MaormaMu BceeecHaiMH co6opaMa H oTnaMH
ApesBHef IepKBH 'b corjacia acei ,epKBa nepBaro TUcamfejRATia.
3. OTsepraeMwi TaKce of6S sseHie Ilia IX OTI 1854 r. o nopoqHOM 3aqaiTiH MapiaH, KarS H He a iomIee ocHOBaiia B CBa-
reHHOMI nucaHiH H npeAaHia nepsux- CTOJItTift.
4. ITO RacaeTca XpyrHax, H3AaHHnbIX B I nocjitaifi CTOJtTia
pHMCeHBM enacKOnoMB AOrMaTHqecK Hx AeIepeTOBI, 6yjia: Unigenitus,
Auctorem fidei, ca .a6yca 1864 rosa H T. A., TO MY oTBepraeMa axb,
no CKOJiKy OHH npOTHBOptnaTIr yqeHiIo ApeaBHef IIepKBI H He npn-
sHaeMsr o6a3aTeibHMHan (massgebend). KpoMt Toro Bosof6HOBaeM'
Bot Tt npoTecTm, KOTObipe sB npemHee BpeMa yae cAtiaia PHay
ApeBHaa roAAHACKIaa Raeo.aHecKaa leposBb.
5. MR He npieMJeeM b TpHAeHTHHCKaro co6opa Bi ero onpe lBe-
HiaxE, KacalomIxcA ANcInCHneHH, H AorMaTTHqecRi~ ero onpeAtieHia
npieMaeML Jamb HacTOJbKO, Ha8KOAbKO OHH corJIacHm C' yteHieMb
ApeBHet I],epKBH.
6. IIpHHEMaa BO BHHMuaie, rITO CBHTaI eBXapHCTia H3ApeBHe
COCTaBjaia HCTHHHoe cpeAoToqie 6orocayaeHia BB Kaeoojiaecaot I]AepKBH,
CeHTaemr cBoeMo o6a3aHHOCTbio 3a.LBHTb TaKee, HTO MH Co neeio BAp-
HOCTiro BB IItJIOCTH H TBepAO coAepzIHMx ApeBHIHIO KaeojiH8ecKyio
Btpy OTHocHTeJbHO CBsToro TaHHCTBa aJTapa, Btpya, 'TO noA~a BH-
AaMH xSt6a H BHHa MR npieMneMs TtJIO a KpoBs rocnoAa namero
lacyca XpacTa.
EBxapacTsqecnoe. 6oroc.ymzenie B a IepsKB He ecTb npoAoJ-
zaioigeeca noBTopenie' aaJ Boso6nHoseHie. pnHMHpHTeJlbHOi zepTsn,
OAHamicA na acerAa npaHeceHHOi XpaCTOMb Ha KpecTt; HO ZaepT-
BeHHa~ ero xapaKTepi COCTOHTI BI TOMn, ITO OHO ecTb He npecTaIo-






30

eJooBtqecKofi BHISR .a6TyayeHifi a sAoynoTpe6Aeniii, eCTb HanHaiymifi
3saor'L ycntxa Bs 6opb6t cb CoBpeMeHHIInM HCBespieM' a perarios-
HbrMa paBHOAymieMn. RoMMHfccia Mor.Ma TOJIbRO npHcoeAH IHTbca R
3THMa 6jarHmn ynoBaniaMs.
PaBHo He noAaezaaH cnopy a nepBbi nyHYTL <06bOCasBeHniaf, 'I TO
quod ubique, quod semper, quod ab omnibus creditum est, hoc est
vere proprieque catholicum, a coraiacaoe c anTHMI flasaJioi 3aBB-
peHie cTapoKaToaJHOB%, 'TO OHH C;TBepAO, AepzaTca iBpi ApeeHeft
IepRBH, KaiKb oHa BblpateHa BO BcejieHncHxT CHMBojiaxL a B ce-
o6iue npa3HaHHbixb AorMaTEqrecKHxI onpeAtJBeHi9ax e BcejencKHXI
co60poB Hepa3AtAeHHof IIepKBH nepBaro TuIcanIeJlTia'. ITO
noA0 3THMH CBCeaeHCKHMH Co60paMH> CTapOKaTOJIHK pa3yMtlOTH
HMeHHO ceMb BCeJIeHCRHXb Co60pOBb, BBRHO H3' meeiBeapcKaro KaTH-
xH3Hca H HBa saaBJieHif HXI o606 3TOML BI JIioniepnt.
,Ba Apyrie (4 H 5) nyHKTa, BI KOTopbIX' CTapOKaTOJIHR BI-
pawaloT, CBOfi npOTeCTI HpoTHBa H3BtCTHbIX' PHMCRHXI 6YJJ'b H


mee BocnoMNHaHie ef H coBepmaiomeeca Ha 3aeMA AtiCTBHTeabHoe
upHcyTCTBie Toro efaHaro npHHomeHia XpacTa sa cnaceHie lCKynJeH-
Haro qeJIoBitecTBa, ROTopoe, no Enp. IX, 11. 12, npo1ojAiaeTL co-
BepmaTbca XpHCTOMI Ha He6', TaK IR~KL On% HUnt HnpeACTOHT' 3a
Haci npeAl alHOMwt BomiHMI (EBp. IX, 24).
InpH TaKOMI xapaKTept eBXapHCTiH Ba OTHOmeHiH XpHCTOBOi
cepTBt, oHa ecTb Ba TO ce BpeMa ocBaJneHHnan aepTBeHHnaa Beepa,
BI KOTOpofi sBpyionie, npHqamaixomieca Ttja rOCIOAHHa H KpoBH
rocnoAHefi, HMIroT o6meHie MemyAY co6oio (1 Kop. X, 17).
7. HaAteMca, ITO ycnaiiMi 60rOCJIOBOB'o yaacTca, TBepAo Aepmacb
Btpb Hepa3AItaeHHOfi fepIKB, AOCTFrHyTb corJameHia OTHOCHTeJIaHO
pa3HOCTefl, Bo3HIIRmHXI CO BpenMeHH IepKOBHblXI pa3AtjieHit. CBs-
IgeHHHKOBTb, noAJAieaniHX H ameMy pyKOBOACTBy, Mbl yB3IlMeBaeM':
HMTLb B% npIIOOBtAIHXL H a ypoIaxb Ha pBOM nepo iat cyimecTBeH-
HnI XpHCTiaHCKis HCTHHH Btpbl, HCnOBsltyeMa BCAMH, pa3AJzeHHbIMH
Bi iepKOBHOM'b OTHOIueHiH, BtpOHCnOBtAaHilMH; npH 06cymcAeHi
cyiecTByylIOiHHX eme npoTaBOptifl cTapaTeojbHO H361raTb Bcaiaro
ocKop6AeHia HCTHHl H fjiO6BH, H CJOBOMl' H npHMtpoMn pacnoaa-
raTb qIeHOB' HamxxL o6mInHH OTHOCHTeJibHO uHOBtpHbIXL AepaaTb
ce6a no Ayxy lHcyca XpHcTa, KOTOpbliB eCTb HCKynBTeJbh BC'tX' Hacb.
8. TBepo H co BCelO BtpROCTbI coepzaa yqeHie Incyca
XpHcTa, OTKJIOHiH OTb ce6a Bet npHMtInmaBmiSac KI- Hney no leJo-
Bt'ecKOft BHHt 3a6alyj eHia, Bct UepKOBHMbI 3jIynoTpe6jeHia H
iepapxaIecria ,oMoraTer6bCTBa, Mn HaAteOMca C HaHo60LbmHMI L ycnl'-
XOMI UpOTHBOjtfiCTBOBaTb HeBtpiIo a pejHrio3BOMy paBHO/Iymilo -
HaaxyAme y y Hamero BpeMeHH.
Iano BI YTpexTB, 24 CeHTa6pa 1889 roAa. (CAMeOymms nod-
nucu 6bluenoudeno6annwla apxienucronoes u enucionoes).






31

Ac1,HnaJHHapHbIxL onpeeAAenHit TpHaeHTHHCIaro co6opa, KoMMHccia
He npsHajaa HymaHbIM noaBepraTb o6cyaleHiro, Tar~ KaRii npaBo-
canBHaa IepKOBb He npa3HaeT'b HHKaKoro aBTOpHTeTa a a 6THMH yi-
JaMH a co60poMT.
Co sceio onpeAtJieHHocTbIo <06%iaBseHiei (3 nyHKT)) OTBep-
rae!r, nauncKifi lorMaTl HeHnopOIHOMM saaaTiH npecBHTOi At$Bh
Mapia. TaK KxaRK H BI KaTHxaaHcax', a PyKOBOACTBtf HtT'b H
CJItOBI 3Toro yqeHia, TO Ko MHccia npHa3Haja, I To BI aTOMn' nyHKTt
CTapOIKTOJiHKH He pasHorJlacHT c% npaBocCiaBHoIo IepRoBbio.
Bo BTOpOMi nyHKT <06asBJIeHial cTapOKaTOJHqecKie enHCKoulb
CTOJIb onpeAtJIeHHO BHCKa3blBaIOTCH o6L HCTHHHOML CMHCJIt HCTOpH-
lecaro nepBeHcTBa pHMCKaro enHcKona, qTo RoMMHccia npH3Haana,
qTO H BI yqeHia o IJepKBH H ea rIaIat Bs HacToainee BpeMa pas-
HOCTR MeaAy B npaBocAaBHOIO IepKOBbo H cTapoKaTOJIHKaMH He cy-
imecTByeTT.
TaKi KaHb HH Bb PyKOBOACTBaxI, BH B IKaTHXHSHcax'b B' yqeHiH
o Ao6p6ixb AtAaxi, rptxaxi a 3arpo6Hoi K HaHH He BCTptHaeTca
TtX' oco6eHOCTeft, ROTOPbaI OTJIHIalOTL pMCexo-KaTOJIHqecKyIo Iep-
KOBb OTh npaBOCAaBHOi; TO KOMMHCCia npip3HaAa, qTO aB 3THXI
nyHKTaxI yieHia CTapOraTOaHKH He pa3HorjacaTI cl npaBocjaBHOIo
I~epKOBbIO.


TaKHML o6pa30ML H3r meCTH yKHa3HHbaX'r BI 1874 roSy 0orMa-
THLecKHXb pa3HOCTefi B' HacTo2mee BpeMa oCTaeTCa BI cH a oAHa:
BonpocI o06 HcxOtAeHiH CB. Ayxa.
Ho Ba nocTaHOBKs H 3TORi pa3HOCTH iponHomJa yze cyvueemseumna
nepemtla. CMICA DTO IlepenBHbi BIaCHaerTca, oaHaKO, aRmb cl
TOsrH sptHia cTapoKaTOJIKKOBs Ha caMHxr ce6a.
CTapoKaTOHKrH HimyTi He npucoeAHHeHia Kb npaBocjiaBHofi
Bocmounolm ILeprBH B KaxaecTBt o6panmaIomxca a3s epecu HiU
pacao.a. OHH AyMaIT'1, TO Tenepb, ycTpaHHsaB4I cBOero yqeHiR
BCt HOOBBBeAeHia pHMcKo-KaTOJIA eCKOfi IIepKBH,, OH He COAepmaTl
HHKaKROro jio; aro yqeHia. H Ho01 mejaloTr, qTO6bI npaBocaBHaaS
IepKoBb OTHecjacb LK HHMI TaBK% Ke, xKKIr npaBocJiaBHaf BOCTOIHa1i
BpeineHH BceeHcftHXL co6opOBI OTHOCHJacb K' COBpeMeHHoil 3anaiHoi
LepKBH, HOCMOTptjia Ha HHXI TaKl, RaKm b CBOe BpeMa BOCTOIHMe
xpHcTiaHe, yieHHKH AeaHacieBL, BacHiies, rpHropiesB, IoaHHOB%,
KHpIaIOBb, CMOTptaH Ha 3anaAHbIXI xpHCTiaHl, yqeHHROBl Hlia-
pieB,, AMBpocieBl, ABryCTHHOBL, JILBOBo, T. e., He CMOTpS Ha OCO-
6eHHOCTH HI 3sanaAHaro o6paAa, CTpo0 H aiHHaro 6orocjOBCKaro






32

Mimaenia, npH3Hala ToZKAecTBO coAepaHMOfi 1HM, cTapoKaTojiKaMH,
npaBocJIaBHofi Btp C TOIO iaeoJH8ecKOIO Btporo, KoTOpyro coAep-
MrHTb caMa HpaBociaBHanl BocTOHnaa ILepKOBb H Ha OCHOBaHiH
3Toro TOMeACTBa B% Heo6xoA MOMb yAOCTOHJoa HX' cBoero o6fneHia.
Ho MHtHiIO cTapoxaTOJBInOBL 3Ta HHMH H paBocjaBHoIo IepKOBbIO CyI.eCTByeBT CI TorO MrHoBeniH,
KaKR OHH ycTpaHHn~I CJiOBO Filioque, H31 CHMBOJa, H T~tM caaMbIMN
TOpZecTBeHHO npanHas1 ITO yqeHie o61f HCXOZJeHiH CB. Ayxa u
oms Cblna He ecTb AorMaT'b.
Ho ycTpaHHJlH TO CJIOBO Has CaMBOJia cTapOKiaTOAKH He DO-
TOMy TOablR, 'ITO owo 6bJo no3AiHtIfmelo aanaAIOlo npH6anBKOo a
CEnMBOy H BHeceHo 6MAo Trya ranHOHnecnK HenpasBHJbHo, HO H He
noTOMy, STO OH npHunmsa K y6tbzieHiIO, ITO BI nByeTca yqeHie ooanoe. OH TOJIKO nojaraIOTL, H B'L TOMb
cyueecmeeHHoe pasAutie Hax OTb nanlcTOB', ITO BOaap~Hie, coeep-
aamieeca ss C OnB Filioque, HHIaKL He MOeeT'b 6biTb bood amoMs,
T. e. HCTRHOIO Heo6xoAHMOIO 1Ja BStquaro cnaceHia a noTOMy o6aaa-
TenbHO BCEc xpHCTiaHaMH coAepaHMoIO,- noTOMy He MoHzeT 6lTi,
'To BceeHeaa Hepa3A'BaeHHaa IepKOBb DToro yqeHia He nponoat-
Aaia, H CAtAOBaTesbHO oHo He COAepmacTCa BS aInocTOjsbCKOM% a-
.ort Btpi.
Ho H3as 3T0oro AJa cTapoKaTOAHKOBb He caAyeTS eIne, WTO
AorMaTRaecKaa acTHHa coAepaHTca B% npai o uIpo TH onoiOaZHOMu
Filioque Bo33ptHiH: Ce. /C4IY HU 6s KIaKOMs CJblcAb He ucxoOum5 u
oms C, na, T. e. He cartyeTl rTO Filioque He no 1fopMcr sbpacelia
TOIbKO, HO H no codepcaniio jIOHHO. 4josuamom.s He MoazeT' 6bTb,
no MH3iHi[ CTapOKaTOJIAOBI, H 3TO npoTHBnoUOJo Hoe Boasp'Hie, -
He MOceTI no TtM% 31e., caMUMi' OCHOBaHiaM%, ROTopIa I MH npeAi-
arBsaOTC npOTHBa Filioque.
CTapOKaToaIaK zejanaH 6n, noaTOMy, qTo60 npaociannHaa
UepKOBb He ocyzAaaa HI saa TO, 9TO OHU, CAAyJI H'KOTOBIM 88a
HnaAHrMl oTnaML a yEqTeaaMl, AepmaTca Filioque, RaKR qacTHaro
6orocaosCKaro MHaiti, Ha Aaia Koro OAHBKO Heo6asaTeAbHaro.
OHH 38aBpaIrOT', ITO Bl 3TOMI 'aCTHOMI MHSH1iH, K1 a OHU eso no-
ua.lmoms, He coAepaHTca HRaKroro OTTtHKa, HecorPacHarOCi npaBo-
cIaBHsIM AorMaTOML. Tasr, OHW CO BCeio ptmuTeabHOCTbhI OT-
RjaOHRIOTI nOAosptHie, 6yATo OHM He HnpBHaIOTB OTRa e aHHbli
BHHOBHHKOM% 6Tiaf CIHa Ayxa H 6yATO CmHa noIHTaIOT BTOpHIMl
Ha8anomi CB. Ayxa. To HJAioKBHCTHqecKOe npeAcTamaeHie, rOTOpoe
OHn, cTapoKaToajiH ocyAHTb He ptmaioTCa, no coAepzaHiIO eBoeMy,






33

KaRK OHH A.yMaIOT%, He IpOTHBOptIIHT yqeHnio H OBB. OTIkeB BOCTOq-
HbX% BpeMeHH Hepa3stnJeHHO IIepsBH.
TaIs KaiR yqeHie CBB. OT1neBL BOCTO'IHBIX H SanaAHHux
CTapOKaToaJHaM% BIIOAIH HS3BICTHO H TaKIh ERaR, Ce Apyroi CTOpOUH,
BtpHnhrM HCTOJIROBaTejIflMH CBOHXo JIHqHlX'% 6orOCrJOBCKHX'b JMlblifi
MoryTi 6mTb CaMH cTapORaToaHKB, TO KoMMHccia H nomaraeTl, qTO
cjitAyeT% npeAocTaBHTb HXL co6cTBeHHoi5 6orocjOBCKoo COBACTH p'IuHTb,
HX'b aHIan Bo033ptia corjacHb-An co catBAyio1~ MH noHJIceHiaMH:
<1. BipyeMY, aKO OTen'i eCTb BHHa CaEa iH ~yxa: CnHa
vpea3 poacAenie, ,yxa Ze CBITaro qpe3s acxoacAeHie.
OTewe pozaaeT Cuna n H3BOAHTs CBrTaro Ayxa, CuH1I
aze pozaaeTca OTb OTIra, H Ayx, CIaTfi HCXOAHT' OTI
OTra. H TaKo qTewM eAHHoe Haqajo a npH3Haeni OTa
eAaHOIo BHHOIo CbHa H ,,yxa.
H14 'luna ucnoerbdania u o6murbiaia
apxiepeicsaso, acJTb 2-i, o6opOTL.

2. Bs 60rocjioBCKHxix yMO3ptBHilax' H36raeM~ BCIKaro
o6pasa npefcTaBneHia i Bapa~eiia, B% KOTOpOMs CROJILKO
HS6yAI npa3HaBajHcb 6l BO CBaTOil TpoHAt B' I BHREI HAl
ABa Haqaua, XOTH 6H TaROBLu noHHMajlIHb H e Bb OAH-
HaKOBOMI CMIhcat, Hanp. CuIH B npHaBaacca 6Hi Hnaqajiom
BTopHtHHMn H.H BTOpHqHOIO BHHOIO CB. ,yxa; HAH XOTH 6m
OTeRIn H CbIH MHCaIHIHCb coeHeHeHHHMuH BI OAHO HaLa Jo
AJa H3Beaeia CB. Iyxa.
3. IIpeAocTaBjaeMi 6orocaoBCKOMy YM03pBHiio B H3cAt-
AOBaHiro pa3sacHeHie BCTptqaIonmaroca y HEKtOTOpurx CBB.
OTieBL H yqsTeAefi IIepEBH Bo33pHia 0 npOCiHial CB. lyxa
,pe3i CuHa (tb IIveiya o b dtLov ix ro IIlmpbg 5' YoO
pavespoOrat, aigypvev, &xXcLp.Cst, 7p6esavy, ixops6-
eTat), OTHOCHTb AJH 3TO npociaHie OT OTIa qpe3s CaHa
TOaIKO RO BpeMeHHOMy noCjaHail CB. Ayxa B% Mip AIa
o6jaroAaTcTBoBaniH TBapef, Han OHO MomeT' 6sTb MuCJIMO
H B sfBtHOil ania3 BozecTBa.'


HaEKorAa B npeAmecTByioimee Bpema nojaeMacT He npeAno-
Jaranr qTo xMeAYy npaBocoaBHOIo IeponsiIo H pHMCOR-RaTOJIHqecKOIO
momoeT 6Tb Aormna~TecKoe pas3aqie Bi yeHiH 061 eBxapacTiH.
Ho Bi 6-Mr nyHnKT cTapoKaTOJiHqecie
ellHCKOInhl ~CqHTaIOT' CBOelO 06o613aHOCTbIO 3aBRHTb TaK1e, WTO 0HH
3


f "






34

Co nceio BtpHOcTbIo BDL WJIOCTH IfTBePAO OOePX8PT'b APeBHIOIO aa-
OOAMicCRyIO BApy oTHocMTebaho CBHT8rO TazHcTBa aarrapa, Blpyx4
ITO HOIL DIAamfH xai6a H BH8 Mb l npieMieMb TtAO H KPOBb rocnoAa
HamIero INcyca XpHcTa. EBxapMCTHT9eCroe 6orocaiymaeuie Bab Iqepxa
He eOTb npoAoaiiaromleecai noBTopeHie wait Boso6HoBjeHie iipHMa pH-
TeibHOft BepTBbl, OAH&HCAbI HaBcerza npnHeceeHHOi XPHCTOWL Ha
KpecTt; HO ZepTBeHHbii ero xaPaIpTepb COCTOBT% Bb TOM', qTO OHO
ecTb He npecOaioigee BOcOOMRHHHie en H conepmaion~eeca Ha aeMJt
AtiCTBHTeALHoe paHCyTcTBie Toro eAKnaro lpiHaomenif XPHCTa sa
cnaceHie HOriynIIHH8arO Hmhb qeaoltqeCTBa, KOTOpoe, no EBp. IX,
11. 12, npoAIIoDKaeT conepmaTbca XPHOTOMI Ha He6t, T&Kab K8K'b
OCaI HbIHt IIn8eCTOBfl 3a HaCm npeA-L AinqoMb BoziumM (EBp. IX, 24).
11PM TaKOMI xapantTept eBxapHCTiMa B1 OTHOIH8HiM w1 XPRCTOBOR
alepTBt, ona ecTb 31 ToK8e Bpe8m oMBHmeHnaa iepTTeHBHa8 Beliepa,
B'b IOTo I iOPOR nidpyiomie, npM'iaigaiOiqieOfl TtIaI rOCHOAH a H KOBH
rocnoAHeft, RMtIOTI o6,uenie memAy co6oio (1 Kop. X, 17),.
H37a 3Toro ycmaaTpHBaeTCH HMzecjayIoinqee:
1. Hcn0IOnya, RTO B0 oB. eBxapMCTiM Btpyiouije pieMualOTh
CaMoro XpROTa, cTapoKaTOJlMeOi8e e8icmtoum, He Bmnca3sbB8IOT' Reno,
WTO xit6rb n BHHO BI eBxapMcTT1 CYm canoe TtLAO I C8MJaR KOBL
XpMCTa BoJCAACTBie -IpeaozieHiJi) cnpecyfl8yeOTBJIeHiJ'.
2. BbipazeHie .CYTpexTcnaro 067,HBaienia 'iro eBxapHcTia
CemTb cosepmaiomeeoa Ha aemit AAcOTBHTeJIBHOe HpHCyTCTBie Toro
eAKnaro upHHomenia, aoTopoe npoaojizae8T coaepmaTbca XpHOTOM%
Ha He6f), no 6yIKwt He yeTpaHneTIb B03MOEHOCTH TBaoro HOHH-
Mania, qTO xaf6t H BHHO B- eBxapMoTiM CYTb TtAO H rPOBb rOcIlOAa
per impanationem, BOJAACTBie ubiquitas corporis et sanguinis Christi;
HaM jae BOACTBie Toro, qTO 4BOsHecmeeCO TiAO cba He6ece HBC-
XOAHTIIb.
3. *B! CPYXOBOACTBt 14 H CR8THXHSHO8Xli Bb y'ieHiR o cB.
eBxapMOTif HUtTl yHOMKHaHif 0 dupejnoazerHi cIpecyinecTBjeHiH3.
4. A wb cBoef MMCa t cTapoKaToaHxH cOXona sanctum, sacri-
ficium, immaculatam hostiam> 3BatHflJOT% iioiemy-TO AOrm8TH'ICKOI0
H~eeio o XpHCTt Bt'IHo~b nepBOCBqIgefHlHR, HLHbr HpeAcTOailem%
sa Hauib npe~a jAxeqm% BoxaiiaML.
5. Ho, Ohi Apyroi CTOPOHBI, BI CYTpeXTCRtOML 06'LaneHiHJN,
CTaPOKaTOJIHqecie eIiHOKOIIm 3aRIBAJIOTIL: COO B3081 BtPHOCTbIO 66 sm-
Jocmu H TBepAo COAePZBMrI dpeaOMI0o KaGoAcMcKyio embPy OTHOCH8TejbHO.
OBRTOrO TaHHCTBa aJITaPH.3
BI EMAY BoeroM MTOro KOMMMCCiJi no8raeTl:







35


Taris -Kanta BI oudamnb 0 CB. eBxapHCTiH npaBocanBHa R BOCTOq-
Haa gaeoiAnqecaa ILepKOBb corJacHa c pHMCKo-KaTOAHqeCKOIO (na-
nHCTHecKOlo) H, Rait H 3Ta nOCAJifHHH, He corIacyeTca c% npeA-
cTasBeHi MH npoTeCTaHTOB% K peCopMaTOB'B, TO HaMx, He 6A83KO
CToa1IHMI KR HalIBHLMiL TeqeHniaM% Ba epKOBHOff HIaBHH aanaAa,
HeUOHHTHO, BL l[eM% HMeHHO CTapoKaTOJIHqecKie enOcKonI ycMaTpn-
BaIOTT CBOIO o6aI3aHHOCTb> BnKa3aTbCH BL nyHKTt 6-omu no AorMa-
THiecROMy npeyMeTy, He Boa36yAaioIgeMy npepeKaifi Ha noqoB npa-
BOCJ1aBHO-KaeRo0H9eKOfi H pHMCKO-KaTOJHmeCKOi, a upH TOM% BCeKca-
3aTbCRI He O scews 3TOM' AoVrMaTl cnojHa (co BRKIOqeBieM% H yqeHia
o -npesoaeHii>), a TOJbKO o65 OAHO ero qacTH.
IloaTOMy HeO6xOHMO, qTO6bI CTapoKTOA RKH
a) BO nepBbX%, pasaiCHHu Bs OTKroneHie IaKHX% HMeHHO
AorMaTHqecKHXr an npaKTlsecKHXL 3a6AyziAeHif 6- f nyHKT% <06h-
aBaeHiav HasaoeH% HMeHHO B% AaHHO#, a ne HHOi (OCBInaneHHo
ApesBBOTbIO) (opMt,
H 6) Bn BTOpuxI, BbncKasajcb, ecTb-Jan KaKoe-Ja6o pa3sj ie
MeaAy HHMH H pHMCxO-KaTOAJKaMH Bi AOrMaTHIeCKOM' yqeHia 0 CB.
eBxapHcTia.


Oas0HanKOenie CI OTKpNAO
ROMMHCCiH OAHi HeAOcTaTOIi BbI uporpaMMaxr HX o6yqeHia. Cl
TOMKH 3ptHina CaMHXL cTapoxaTojAHIOB% Ha Boe nojioazeHie, KaKR
npaBOCjaBHnux xpHCTiaHL san)adObms, 3Ta oco6eHHOCTb HX% npo-
rpaMMa ecTr npocaa HenocjtAoBaTeJbHOcTb. ApeBHie aana~Hme
xpacTiaHe CBOIO KaeOAjHHOCTb BlpaaaoJH BI TOMBi, TO Btpoo0peAt-
JeHia BceHeaci xs co60ponB OHH HeMeAOeHHO BIJIonaJaH B% cocTaBi
noAaezmaxua c6opHHKOB-o, KaiK o6nmee AOcToanie Bcei KaeooAasecKot
Iepann. Tami tomus fidei Kopoia PeRKapeAa, npoqHTaHHbfi OT%
ero HMOHH Ha TOJeTCKOMIr III co6opt BI 589 r., coAepazaA He TOAbKO
ero co6cTBeHHoe HaaoeeHie tipm Cb nepemacneHieMi nepBHXi seTI-
pex% BcejieacKHx' co6opoB% H KpaTK.HM o6o3HaaeHierMb Hax Ata-
TejbHOCTH, HO H TeRCTI CHMBOJOBI HHKeicKaro H naperpaAcIaro a
cymecTBeHHyo sacTb BtpoonpeAtaeHia xaAmKHoHccaro co6opa. MePAy
TtMb yqe6HnH KRrH CTapOKaTOJIAHKOB HHE aaBXl CBtAtHiH 0 AitTeiab-
HOCTH BceJeHcrKax co6opOB'b He coo6maioris a cyniecTBeHHnbux epTm
co6opHauxb BtpoonpeAtzeHii o JlHu~ BoroqieoBnta He Hasara&oTr c0
AOCTaTOqHOIO acHOCTbl. aaSe TOJIbKO, WTO OHI eCTL HCTlHHIH Bor% H HCTHHHbHi I qeJ0OBBi ', -
HO OIIHCKaOTh CTOIb Ba83Hbl AOrMaTHqecKia noApo6HOCTH, REWbI BO
3*







36

AByxI ecTecTBaxi,, ceARHa WnOCTacbi, c ABa AIicaTBOBaHia, cBoropoAna>. IIoaTOMy He npeXATaBnaeTca He-
B03MoEHHbIM, WTO ToiHhit 60rocaoBCKii slrI3H ApeBHe-KaeojiHecKof
xpHCToJIriH HOBIHM' nOKOJI'Hia 0o6pa30BaHHblXL CTapOKATOAHKOB%-
MipB 'b CTaHeTCa HeH3BstCTeHL H OHH eABa-jH 6YAyTb BL CocTORfHi
aCHo OTjHuaTb npaIBOCjaBHNXI BOCT'0HlXIb xpHCTiaH% OTL TIX% BO-
CTOqHnXI, orTopme He npHHaxAJezaT% KI CHcnoI HeHiIO), (Tb iX -
pwopa) XpacToBof naeoaitecKo IAUepaBH.
IIoaTOMy ROMMHCCia npe3HaeTi Heo6xoABMbIM'b Tpe6oBaTb,
a) wTo6N pImHTeJbHO BC' CTapoKaToAHqecRia o6ImHHm ycTpa-
HnIH CaOBO Filioque 1ml cVMBOJa BspH H 3b K3aTHXH3HucoB, ecaj
TOJIKO eCTb o6mUHHM, ROTOpu AO1 CHXi nops enme a3Tro He cAJaa8H,
H 6) OT06b1 CT&apOKTOAIHI u1pHHJIJ HaAJieaeamkia MlpN ~%
TOMy, qTO6b CeMb BCCeieHCIHX% Co6opB% 6bxIJH 8pHa3HaBMaeMY y HHX'
He no HMeHH TOAbKO; qTO6HI Bs pyROBOACTBaxb a o6yieHito Kaeo-
jHqecKoA B Sp' B% BHCIIIHXL mKojax% yqeHie Hepas AtjeHHofl IepxKB
nepioAa BceAeHCKHX%' co6opoB 6miAo as3araeMo c% ero xapaKTepHcTa-
qecxKMH InoHAo6HOCTAMH, TaRKb qTO6b H Aif o6pasoBaHHnx% cTapo-
KaTOJHKOBs-MipaHL 6mJo AoCTaTOqHO lCHO paa3JIie IIpaBocJasBlft
K.aeojinqecKOii DepKBH OT% HHOCAaBHbiX BOCTO'HbIX% IepKBefi, oT
Hea OTnaAmaxi H H e HMtio mIHX% C% HeI o6nmeHia: HecTopiancKol,
KOnTCKO, a6HCCaHCnRof, aK06HTCKOf, MuapOHlTCKEO.



Has BonpocoBS KaiaoHuuecKux caMuIt Ban cHft B% HacToamee
BpeMa H BH Bonpoc o61 o6nmeHiH cTapOKaTOJHROB' c% IIpaBociaBHio
I~epKOBbIo cyIIecTBeHHIni COCTOHBT B TOMb, MOCeT% Ai u paBociaBHna
BOCTOqHaa IepKOBb nplHHTb B% o6meaie as cyvqes uo unmb enacKo-
noB% yTpexTCKot IJepKBH H onI Hea HMSrIOIAXb XHPOTOHI)o enIlco-
noBI PeAHuenca H repnora.
IIpoacxoAeHie yTpexTCKoi iepapxiH 6e3cnopHo nanOHH eceR
nenpaetnAbHoe.
YTpexTCKaa nlepOBEb Bb 1559 r. Bo3BeAena 6baja BI AocTOHHCTBO
apEienucroniu; HO co cMepTrbo nepBaro ea apxienacona (sB 1580 r.)
npeKpaTHaocb H ea HopMajbHoe cymnecTBsoaHie. BcAtcCTBie aaTpy.A-
HeHiiM, ROTOopU s )kaia pe)opMaT. HasHaqaeMaMbIM apxienacKonam%,
nanu aMIHH ua apxiennHConoB' cuepBa anocTonabCKHEf BaKapilMa,
noTroM HyHini MH, KOTopHe THTyaa apxieneHConoB% yTpexTCKHxs He
HOCaIH, HO BC' 6hIAH episcopi in partibus a aHJH He sB YTpext't,
a H aJH ROiCIa, Ha Ba Bpioccen. IIocAtAiti f as sTax HyH-






37

1nieBs, apxienHcrons ceBacTilKitcfi KoAAe, 6bua~ BHSBBaH BS% PHMI
Ha cyA no o6BHneHilO BSI aSceOHHaM H 6u.s (Bs 1704 r.) HH3JIO-
MeHa. Ho yTpexTcKaa nacTBa npoTHBI 3TOrO IIpnroBopa Haai Ro)AAe
npoTecToBaJa, rojjaHAckoe npaBHTeabCTBO Ha3HaqeHHaro Ha M'CTO
KoAAe npeeMHuHa ms3rHajio. Tasi H Hatiaaceb CXusMa yTpeXTCKOr
qepRBH.
JIumb BI 1723 r. yTpexTCKifi KaaHTyJV, ne uMJlS Ha Hn o npaea,
no e6aAdy nans, pimHIca B 36paTb KopHejia CTeeHoBeHa Bi apxi-
enHacona yTpexTCKaro H TaKHMIb o6paso0Ms B03CTaHOBHTb cyIecTBO-
BaHie apxienHcnoncCnoi KaeeApu yTpexTCKofi. CTeeHOBeHl 15 (4) OK-
Ta6pa 1724 r. 6un pyKonoioAZeHb Bb enHeiuna AOMHHHKOMS Mapieio
Bapja, enacKonoMi BaBHAoHCRHMi in partibus, RKTOpbif
a) CBHameHHOAticTBOBaas OAHHI, 6e3a accHCTeHTOBI,
6) pyKonoiaraib Bs o6jiacTH eMy, Kabi enacKony BaBRHAHCKOMy,
He noABAoMoit,
B) RaHOHHqecKH He MOrs 6I H upHCTTynaTb KI XHpoTOHiH, TaKi
KaKs He HMtJIa. Tpe6yeMaro Ha TO no mozdaumneMy pHMCao-
xaTOJAiecKOMy nepKOBHOMy npany naucKaro paaptmeHia (manda-
tum apostolicum),
a r) no KaHoHaMns He aoAZeHL 6m 6bj npHHCTynaTL R% co-
BepmenHio XHpoTOHiH, Tar&i KaKi eme 15 (4) MapTa 1720 r. eny
6umo o6siHBn.eHo anpemeHie B's CBameHHOcjyaYeHiH MOeZy npo-
qaHM 3a TO, WTO Bs 1719 r. OHI cOBepmUIHa, He EMta Ha To pas-
ptmeHia, Ao 640 KOHwHpMagiit HaAs yTpexTCKHMH cxH3MaTIRaMH.
ToTIs-e Bapji H Tanme oAHHi, 6e3s accHCTeHTOBs, coBepmHIjI
XHpOTOHiUO H HaAl TpeMa mpeeMHHRaMH CTeeHoBeHa. 3TH capxienH-
cronu yTpexTcKie> ynOpHO nocJIaJIH nant M13BtCTHTeJIbHIaH rpaMOTI. A
ana, OTT HM, B] oT ica3b H, BCass CBe cy AenHie o06 HBx xHpo-
TOiH H ye a Bs OTBtT~ Ha BTOPY[O a31 3DTHX'b H3BBCTHTeJbHbIIX
rpaMOTb o06bsaBHJA BCtXs IIpHKOCHOBeHHblX' K] XHpOTOHiH OTJ[yieH-
HbIM H CXH3MaTHKaMH. TaHM'L 0o6pa30M'b TpeTbIO H qeTBepTyiO
XBpOTOHiIO Bapid coBepmaais OTJiyeHHbl'A (He TOJibKO 3anpeieHHbii )
HaA' OTlayxeHHnuH cpeAH oTJiyeHHalx. IIocAtAyoiom.ie enacKonH
yTpeXTCKIo IJepRBH TaKi Ke nIIOCBuiaH S3BtCTHTeJbHIa rpaMOTbI Ba
PIRM H noJyqanH OT naans OTB'STI Bs CMIacJIt OcyzAeHiH HXI.
; B pHMcKo-KaTOJaisecKit JITepaTypt 6wba cuops o dobicmeu-
meaboemu yTpeXTCKoi iepapxiH. ABTOpnTeTHni ERaHOHBCTI BaHb-
OcneHl BsCKa3ajic sa A AticTBHTeOibHOTb en. Bi OTBtTax IlnaHi
noBTOpaeTa noITH cTepeoTHnHO sBpazeHie: election nulla, ordinatio
illicta (et exsecrabilis).
H3i Bcero xoAa co6lTifi aIno, nTo yTpexTcKaa I~epKOBb 4aK-






38

THqecKxH jmeHa 6ija B03MIoaHOCTH BoscTaHOBHTb CBOIO iepapxiio
saHOHnueciu, licite, regulariter, Tan I aKL eABHCTBeHBHfi OTIpbTbHli
IIyTb RK 3TOf KaHOHHHHOCTH COCTOjIA BL IIOJHOHi OKOPHOpCTH yT-
peXTCKHX'b (CXH3MaTHKOBSI, nant. Ho TtM% zce caMMiL nyrTeMS
yTpexTcKaa iepapxia Moria 6h H UnTOM'o HcnpaBHTb aTy HeKaHoHHHa-
HOCTb ea IpoHCxoXAeHia: 3a IOJiHyO HOIOpHOCTb nanIi, KOHeIHO, U&aH
6u 3THMab enaconaab CBOiO <)AHcneHcaiiho>, TaKI KRaK TOAbKO B3-
6paHie Hxl no cyAy nani 6uio nuumomCH a xHpoTOHia 6mia
anmfb eicsaonusua, illicita.
Ho H. HenpasuibH pyKonoJoaeHHhm i noAJeaKHT ynce cydy UIepKBH
3a 3Ty HeupaBHJabHCTb, H npHroBOpI 3TorO cyYa MoateT~b 6uTb ne-
oAHHaKOBI, CMOTpa noTOMy, qTO Tpe6yeTi 6iaro caMnoi IepnBR, ITO
AsaH nea B03MoaIHO Ipn eOa OTHomeHia KI CBOBHM H qyMALIMU, npH
ea noneqeniH H O BpHlXbx et qaAaxI H o qjieHax-, OT% nea OT-
&BIIIHX'b.
Has npaItTHKIH peBHefit AepRBH BsAHO, qTo IeposBb, RaKI 06-
MecTBO aHBoe H noJIHOBnaCTHoe, upn3HaBasa sa co6oio noJHOMxo'ie
cyAHTb 0 RaHoHHqeCRH HenpaBHJbHb XHp xpOTOHiaflX H KL OAHtn M
aH3S HHXS HpHMrHHaTb BCIO CTporOCTL KaHOHOB% (&xpl~ soa t v xav6vw(v)
a o6ssIBJsab Hxs u 1monHbl.M H H eMaOlmoumeannbi 'mu (&xupoS xat
Apipatos ; xaTdrcaots, jyiEv toya6av, &xup(ojvat), KI Apyrain me,
no 6yKBB KanHOHOBS Taxze HeInpaBHJIbHbIMb, He3aKOHHEMi H nOTOMy
HeAfLCTBHTeJ[bHrMS OTHOCRThCa CHHCXOAHTeJlbHO, BzaCTHO paapt-
maT6 Hxsb HeAtiCTBHTeJabHCTb, ymeepwdamb (xlpoOv) HxsI CBOHM
corlacieMs.
H BS oTHomeniH KE CTapOIKaTOJAHBKab no Boupocy o npHBHaniS
raH HenpHHaaaiH HXL iepapxiH 3aKOHH0oo At MoIoeTs 6HITb ptmeno
TObIKO Bnicmeio UepKOBHOIO BAacTiI).
IIoceMy RoMMaccia lpeACTaBJaleTa cei Bonpocin He npeeptmeH-
HbNM Ha cyAs Bamero CBaTftimecTBa.



Apyria RaHoHHqecxia H o6paAonBb pa3HOCTa, OTM'qeHHbla B%
1874 r., no MatHnio IoMMHcciH, He nocsyzaTL npenaTcTsieMs H%
HpHHsTilo cTapoKaTOJHaOBL Bb o6mEeHie ci npaBocaBnHOi IgepKOBbo.
Ha3b 3THXI pa3HocTef noABepraHb HtMOTOpofi nepeMt~H 6oaie
Apyraxs BaHIHna, OTHOcaKiiCH Ir coCBepmenHio TaHHCTBa eBXapHCTiH.
repMancaie H mBefitapcKie cTapoKaTOAHKH coBepmaoTrs CBOlO
MHCcy Ha HtMeUKROM' a HKt. TerKCT ea He eCTb 6yIKBaAjbHl nepe-
BOA' cI jaT.HHCaro no pHMCKOMy MHCcajy. ,Ionylmoea Ht OTOpU






39

oTCTynJeHia a sa3atHn, H BI aTHXb nocJltAHHXL TeKCTS He BaHMOTBO-
Bawb H3as Raxoi-aB6o 1peBHefi HTypriH sanaAHoIR HRH BOCTOnHOi,
a COCTaBseHb camaMHM cTapoxaTOJaHaMH.
Bi pHMCROi H ApyrHxI 38n8aAEHIXi MHCCax% HBT l npH3hBaHia
CB. Ayxa. OHO BHeceHO B cTapOKaTojinqecKyio MHCCy, XOTS MOJHTBa:
cHHCInOCiA HaMb, CMHpeHHO MOJAHMTHc, Ayxa TBoero CBHTaro,
lnoaTeiTa a H3HH H BCJKiH CBfaTUHH, H fa OCBHfRTTCH 3eMHble
'BeHHn e Aapm; Aa 6yeT% npejioMraeMNi xat6% Bs o6ueHie
Ttjia rocuoAHa, a 6jarocioBraeMas qama B h o06meHie KpoBH
InHcyca XpHcTa>.
nocTaBjeHa npeace CJIOB% ycTaHOBneHia.
,Apyria oTCTynaeHia cTapOKaToaHROBn OT' pHMlKaro TeRKTa He
c6aH3HaH HX% MHCCy Cl npaBociaBHaoo aHTyprielo, H meJaTeabHo,
qT06bI OHH B03CTaHOBHJIH ApeBHifi TeXcTL Bs TxXL MtCTax%, rAt o6f
eBxapacTiH rOBOpHTCH, RaKI o zepTBt HCTHHHOH, yMHIOCTHBHTeJbHOi,
upHHOCHMOi aa rptxH BctxI 6jarolecTHO ZaHBym.HX H yMepmHX%;
rAt CB. t1,Ba HMenyeTCa cjiaBHOIO IIpHCHoAtBolo H BoropoA.neio;
rAt noHMeHHO npH3aBaiOTCa CITBITu H HMeHYIOTCH HamHMH MO.IHTBeH-
HHKaMa, xOAaTaaMH H pe2CTaTeJaHMH.
Bb HacToamee speMH cTapoIaTo.nHK npHiaiaaIoTl BtpyiomHHxL
H noA OAHHM% BHAOMI H noAl o6o0MH BHAaMH, CMOTpH nTOMy, Ha-
CKOJbKO MipaHe IIOATOTOBJIeHI K% npaHataeHio noA ooaHMH BHHAaMH,
npa3BaBaeMOMy sa eAIHCTBeHHo corAacHoe cIL npHMrpoM~ CaMoro
XpHCTa H CL IIOCTOaHHOIO npaKTHKOIO ApeBHel Hepa3AjeHHof IAeepKBH.
OqeBH, HO, OTMtHa npHaim.eia nlo;A OAHHM% BHAOM% AJJAH CaMHXb
CTapORaTOAHKOBS ecTb HIIIb BonpocL BpeMeHH.
ITO ace KacaeTca OnptcHOKOB%, lnoTpe6aJeMhIs CTapoKaTOJIH-
paMH, H nposqHx o6paAOBlxi pa3HocTeft, TO IKoMMHcia noaaraeT%,
ITO BoHpoc' o0 HHBX yie ptmesH aBTOpHTeTHLMH CJIOBaMH dIIocaHaia
BocTO'HnIX% HaTpiapxoBa o npaBocnaBHoi BBptI:
tIqTO ae KacaeTca Ao npoiax% o6bmaaewB H qHHonoJIOzeHif
cgepROBHIX%, AO coBepmeHia caBHMieHHNI% o6pS~AO'b JIH-
<,eAHHeHiH, MnomHO 6yAeT% .ierKo H yAo6HO cnpaBHTb. H6o
'KOTOpbe 06bi8aH H 'qHOOOAOKEeHil, B% pa3aMHqHHIX% M-CTax%






40

II.
IIHCOMO CTapo0aTonIHHecIaro EnncEona e. Be6epa
IIpOTonpecBHTepy I. JI. luImmeBy ).
BOHHI 10-ro ABrycTa 1896 r.
BHcoKonpenoAo6HtAmifi rocnoaHHa IIpoTonpecnHTep%!
B% KOHnepeHI~u cTapoKaTOJIHqecKHx enacKonoBI, cocTOIBmeifca
B PoTTep.aaM 27 ABrycTa 1894 rosa no cJyqaro TpeTbHro HHTep-
HanioHHajbaro KoHrpecca, 6mja yppezAeHa 3sI rosjaHcRcknx', meft-
napcKnHX H H MOI reHX-) y)qeHaLXL RHMHCCia, Bl KOTOpot npeActAa-
TejICTBO HIIHHpa' Ha ce6a TorAamHil enacRoni repManHcax% cTapo-
KaTOAHKOBb rocnoA HH i-pb IoCHfl ry68epT% PeiflHeHcn. 3aAaqa
KOMMHCciH cocTOr qa Bs cocTaBJieHiH a es c TOpOH OTBtTa Ha Ao-
HeceHie, KOTopoe BL TO BpeMa 6mio npeACTasBeHo CsaaITimeMy
CvHOAy yqpeEAeHHoIo B C.-IIeTep6yprt KoMMHCcieIo no Bonpocy
BoacoeAHHeHia BOCTOnHIHIXI paBoceaBHBIX% IJepnKe ci sanaaHbiMH
CTapORaTOJHqeCKHMH H KOTOpoe Bame BucoKonpenoAo6ie oTb 29-ro
Maa 1894 roAa 6narosoJnan coo6mIITb, BI HitMeg eoMn nepeBOAt,
rocnoHHay r. ryaio, upeocBsIeHHOMy apxiennHcony yTpexTCKOMy.
I0o CMepTH roCnoAHHa enHUKona PetHRKeHca, , KaR npeeMHHKi ero
Aoa HOCTH, npHH.an Ha ce6a npeActAaTeJbCTBo Bs yqpeareHHoi BI
PoTTepAaMa KoMMxcciH. Pa6oTa noca~tAHei no pas3HHa o6cToa Teib-
CTBaM% H HnOHHO wb-sa ca1mea Cnmea eozHA8aHO cMepTH en nep-
saro npePctAaTeai, iK coarBHilo, saMeAJIHJacb. ToabKo 4-ro aarycTa
1896 roAa, BI KOH4pepeHniH, coCToameAca B% BOHHa, yAaRocb OKOH-
qaTeJbHO ycTaHOBHTb MHtHie 3anaAHofi KOMMHCCiH. HH eneioAncaB-
mifica HMteT qIeCTb npH ceM% npeInpOBOAHTb ero IL Bamemy BucoKO-
npenoAo6iid AK R AabHt~fmaro 6jarocIaOHHaro ABisieHia (zur wei-
tern geftlligen Veranlassung). YAtpaa OT HMeHH KoMMHcciH, KOTOpaa
6uaa pyROBOAHMa MHOIO, TO ea .pa6oTa 6mjia npoH3BeAeHa coBep-
nmenHO Ba HTepect MHpa, H Bhpaz~aa HaAezay, ITO eIo noAaBHeTa
anepe1li azeaemoe ca o6taxb cTopoHlo BoscoeaHHeHie ntium CTOJITia
pa3Ain enHHaux IIepKBse, ocTarocb ca BsenHaifmRMl BICORKonosTeHbeM'
Bamero BucoKonpenoAo6ia npeAaHH fiHMl)
0. Be6ep%,
raeoojHiecRif eInEConI' CTapoRaTOJ RKOB
repMaHCROf HIMepiH.


1) Bi nepeBOAt o. IIpoTonpecBnTepa I. .1. RIHumeBa.






41


II.

MH1Hie yIpeaz eHHoft B PoTTepAaMt n RoMMHCCiH o
9OHeCeHiH C.-IIeTep6yprcIok ICOMMHCciH CB. CvHOK y
OTHOCHTenJHO coeaHHeHia 3ana xHbILxa CTaposaTOxJH-
iecERHX' IepKBef caL npaBoCJaBHLIMH BOCTOIHLIMH 1).

1. Filioque.
1. Bet AeH yqpezAeAHHno B PoTTepAaMi ROMMHCCiH co-
raacHu Bs TOMr, qTO Filioque BHeceno Bs sanaAHBft CVMBOJIn Hnea-
KOHHO, HO WTO, CL ApyroF CTopoHH, pyccKaa KoMMHCCia B% OTAtaJl-
Huxs nyYHRTax% samHaHiPaeTL noHMaHie, KOTOpoe HAeT% canHmOMi
AaaeIo. HIM KaaTeTCH, qTO ona He AOBOAJIHO pI3KO OTJHHaeTs bor-
MaTL oTI 6orOCOOBCKarO MInHia, noAAepzaHBaeTh, HmeHHO, HtKOTOpBHa
He coBCtM% yAaqHIa no coAepmaHiio (sachlich) nojozeHia. OHH Ay-
MaioT%, WTO AorMaTHqieCI o60s3aTeJbHUim MozmeTL 6iTb npH3HaHO
TOAiKO yqeHie HenoBpemAeHHaro Hnaeficaro cvMBOia (6e3a Filioque),
H noTOMy HeAbsa Tpe6oBaTb,, 'qTo6 a Bsb 6oroCAIBCoOMn yMOSptHiH
a36traems 6uali BCORif o6pa3s npeACTaBjieHia o CIH,, Ka~R 0 BTO-
paHOfl nparHHat HJ ConpHqHit (Mitursache) CBaTaro Ayxa.
2. 3aMtqalOTI, WTO caMa pyccaa KoMMHCccia, IOBBAHMOMy, He
BnoJtH ocymnecTnsaeTm 3TO Tpe6oBaHie, OCTaB.Ias OTKplIThnLM BonpocI,
OTHOCHTCra-a BcTptgqaoieeca y cHIKOTOpUX% OTqeBb IIepKBH> IOHH-
Manie, WTO AIyxi COsaTB HCXOAHTL o0T OTua spe3l CuHa, TOJILK
KO BpeeMHHoMy nociaHiro, HAH H KI Btq'HOi atH3HH BoaeecTBa.
B% nocJatAHeMb cJqat HasBaHie CaHa BTOPHiHOIO nIpmLHHOIO CB.
Ayxa no CMEucjy Ttxl yqHTeaej I epRBH 6Ljio-6m eAMHcTBeHIO npa-
BHJbHIM'b. HO KpoMt TOrO HaXOASTb, ITO He oHtKOTOpbe yBHTeaH
I4epeBI yIgrm o06 HMManeHTHOMu ecxoamAeHiH CB. Ayxa OTI OTra
ipea% Cana, cJtAoBaTe.aHO, npH3HsaBaA BTopaHqOIO Ero npaHRHHOo,
HO WTO 3TO 6mio o6mfIKHOBeHHUMIN yseHieM OTRIeBl Ha BOCTOKt
BcerAa, a Ha sanaAt Ao ABrycTHHa. Ha4 rpeqecsKHx OTIeB, IepKBH
TaKoe noHaranie pacaKphBaJ AeaHacifl, BacHif, EnBaHift, lHARMb,
rpHropif HHCCRif, rpHropit Ha3iaHneHn, K~pffain aaeKcaHapificitf,
ManCHMax HcnoBtAHaRK%, IoaaHs AaMaciHH% H Apyrie. O6pa~maloT
BHnMaHie Ha TO, qTO KOHCTaHTHH0onoAbcr1i naTpiapxb Tapacif BHec%
ero ,Aace BaI coe BipoHcnosBtaaie, oroOpoe OAo6pSHj ceAbMoA Bee-


') Bi nepeaoB o. IIpoTonpecBHTepa I. JI. JIHbmeBa.






42


ienciit co6opi H ROTopoe 3amuHmanj nana AApiaHn I, HaKoHeA'-
i Ha TO, wTO EnHpaHiat, AHuAHM a rpnropit HasiaHseH' npH 3TOMs
CHmnHO npa6 naan8cb Ki no3As~ imeMy 3anaHOMy y eaio Filioque.
,lyMaOT%, ITO CTOJb ray6oio OCHOBanHoe Bi co3HaHiH ApeBHeiep-
KOBHaro 6orocjnBia MHliHie n TenepLb AOJZHO 6UTb iOBOaxeHO, RKaK
Bbipa3mie He oTKpoBeHHoi, KOHeHO, KrO THH, a qejoBtqecKaro yMO-
3ptHi. ,
3. lqjeHa KOMMaCCiH cormacHN MemaYy co6oio a BI TOMI, WTO
qeIOB'gecxoe yMocosepIaHie oTHOCHTeAbHo Bo0tecTBeHHot TaiHai
TpOHjaocTa ecTecTBeHHO BpaIaeTca Ba TaKHxi npeACTaBjeninxi H
BhpaHzeHiaxL, KOTOpu. He HOryT% 6 uTb npH3HaHb. BInoaIHbt OAXOXagIaM
H noTOMy MoryT' 6mTb ycOBepmaeMH. H Ha 3TOMB OCHOBaHiH BCt
orpaHHqeHia, BNxoAami 3a npeAtBn oTpo0BeHHaro AorMaTa, cqH-
TaIoTCa HecupaneAeJIAHBs a (unberechtigt).

2. Y-eHie o CBHTro BeCepH.
1. PyccKaa KoMMHacciH maeAaeTm 3HaTb, paIH ycTpaHeHia Ha-
KHis 3sa6jyzAeHifi cTapoKaTOjHYecKie enHCRonji, Bsb yTpexTCKOMb
3aaBjeHiiH 1889 rOAa, BblCKa3arHCb OTHOCHTesjbHo yqeHi o0 CBHTOMI
HpHnqamneHiH. Bi OTBTIb Ha 3TO AOCTaTOqHO coo6ngHTb, 'TO 3TO CA;-
jaHO no zenaHio rojjaHACKHX% enacKOHOBI,. TaaKi KBI TA HS OTHO-
meHia nmBetiapcRHxs H repMaHCKHXi cTapoKaTOJHKOBI K'b OAHOf
qacTH aHraHKaHcKONO JepKBH MoaHO 6nbo BUBsecTH asaeKioeHie,
6yATO-6M OHH He AaAieKI 6mIrH OTT% KaJiBHHHCTCK&FO, BI CyMIIHOCTH,
yqeHiJ 3TOal IAepRBH o IIpHqalmeHiH. IIpH 3TOM B hpaZenie cnpe-
cyIecaTBjenie 6miio H36trHyTO, noTOMy ITO OHO He 6h Jo ynoTpe6a-
TeJnbHUblM B% ApeBHef IAepKBH; Cl Apyroi s e CTOpOHu, jerKo ABajio
noBOA'b IS (KanepHayMCKHaM) HeAopa3yMtHiaMT. 'ITO enacKonauI H
Ha Miucab He InpxoAHJIO yCBOSTb ce6it .oTepancKoe yeeHie op6 im-
panatio, aTO Ha 3anaAt caqHTaJocb noHIITHbIM caMo co6oIo.
2. Ha Bonpoc: ecTb-AH pa3HOCTb MeRAy cTapoKaToaJqecKHMT.
H unaUHCTHqecKHMb y'ieaieMi o06 EBxapHcTiH? AOJI HO OTBTBaTb
OTPHaTeJIbHO, eCAR OHHTb OTAtJBiTb YCTaHOBeJIHHOe HeAmSB HHO,
AorMaTaiqecKH, OT% mnKOAbHblux MHf'Hi. YCTaHOBjeHHInIM AOrMa-
THcOcKH, HeaH3MHHO, KOMMHCCIn npH3HaeTb Ha ocHoBauia CBeHM.
IIlcaHia H ApeBHefi ]epBH c tAyiomiee yqeHie: BI CB. EBxapacTiH
MU npHHsMfaeMl T'JO H A KOBb XpHCTOBBI H OHi, XOTl H KaLyTCa
a aH syBTB xaIioa0M H BHHOMn cyTb 3Atcb (sind gegenwartig) vere,
realiter et substantialiter. IIIKObHbIM%, HanpOTHB TOJbRO MHHiieMr
RoMMICCia MoieT' a3BBaTb TO, KorAa BanaIAHbe RaToaJHecKie 6oro-






43

CIOBQI roBopaT% o ,npecyiGecTBjieHiH, OCHOBHBaNacb Ha HOHaTiaxs o
cy6cTaHniH B aRKqHeHani B% CMUbCJA A:pacToTeja. HecocToaTejb-
HOCTb 3THXI HOHaTiA Ta &b TBepAo o60CHOBaHa HOBtibmeHo HayKOIO,
qTO 06'b 3TOM% HeBO3MOJHO CIOpBTb. 3aIBHIJaTb yeHieie o npe-
CyIkeCTBAeHiHl, OCHOBaHHoe Ha IIOHTTiJlX', JIOHOCTH KIOTOpbuX AO-
RasaHa, He npnXO HTca 6o0ae. EcaH naaaHlbi IHieM% V paMxcifl
KaTHX3HC'b (11, 4) yUTHTb, qTO npH OCBelIeHiH xBt6a H BHHa OCTaIOTCa
TOabKo aKsnHeHiiH Hax, Cy6CTaHIiH lEe HXb He cymecTByeT' H ea
MICTO 3acTyuaeTI cy6cTaHnia Ttia H EpoBH XpHCTOBbHXb H npa TOM'b
TaK%, 'TO Bs EBxapHCTiH BymaiIOTCH ROCTH, HepBU H BCt OTIJIbHbaf
qaCTH Tba, TO He HafAeTCH, KOHeiHO, HR OAHOrO, B% eCTeCTBeHHO-
HayqHOM% OTHImeHiH o6pa30BaHHaro C.nanHCTai-KRaTOJrHa, IOTOpbli
ocMtjHanca 6Hb AepzaTaca 3Toro ycTapniaro B033ptHia. A ecia no-
HHMaTb npecyIkecTBweHie Ba CMuLIcj ApeBHeA IIepRBH, TO CTapoKa-
TOJIHHE cosepmeHHo coruacHb ca nanHcTaMH. BrpazeHia, KOTOPuMH
noAlb3yIOTCH OTbIu IepKBH H J.Typria, H3o6pa)zaIoT% Ha OCHOBaniH
H3BBCTHNbX% MtcT% H3'b BH6jiiH TO yqeuie, ITO XJAt6 H BHHO no
ocBaeHiaH CyTb Ttia H RpOBb XpHCTOBb He o6buHOBeHHaa, a
4OTjAHiHaS J OT' Hef TaHHcTBeHHaa iinna, cjiyamaia cpeACTBOMl
WK yIacTi[O BS HCKynHTejbHOA JzepTBt XpaCTOBOA. KaKi coBep-
maeTca 3TO TaHHCTBo, o6i 3TOML He rOBOpHTrc Bi HOBOMI 3aBatT
H HtiT'b OAHOrO RaKOIr-JIH60 ApenBHeo I]epOBbIO corjacHo 3aCBHAt-
TeabCTBOBaHHaro npeAa&ia. TeopiH 065 3TOMs OTgeB% IepRBH oqeab
pa3HJaTC Mmezay co6oio. H pyccifi AorMaTacTi MaKapiA (III, 472)
npaBsnAHO nepeAaeT, ITO BblpazleHiB: transsubstantiatio, lteouCotwa
BomnH Ba ynoTpe6Aenie Ha sanaAt TOJBKO Bb 11-M%, a Ha BOCTOR
BnepBbe B' 15-Il CTOJItTiiax. HanpOTHBs, TepMHHU: convert, pwra-
pAXXEsoalt, eaTroCiCstaLa sBa yPeHiH OTtesB %acTo HMtIH TOAILKO TO
3HaqeHie Boo6me, ITO xait6' H BHIHO nocai ocBaqieHi He 6uj
6ojie TBM, iMt' 6bEaj npeace, He 6wni 6oate o6nKHoseHHOio
(profane), HO CTaHOBHJHCb TaHHCTBeHHOIO rocnoAHeIO nHmleio, npa
qewm cnoco6i aToro M3MtHeHia ocTa8B ineM 6ujrj 6ea3 aH3c.aOBaHiH.
He 6e3% ocosBaHia Bb namefl KOMMHCCiH saMtqraa, ITo Bs 3TOMo
TPYAHOM' yIeHiH 65Ao-6u oqeab pacKOBaHO npHaBaTab HaqeHie
AorMaTa mKOabHOMy cpeAHeBtKOBOMy MHtHaIO, KOTOpoe c% ecTecTBen-
HOHayqSHO H nHJICOOCKOA TO'qKH 3ptHia HeCOCTORTeJbHO. He roBOpa
yae o TOMs, ITO HHKTO He BeBeT'b npaBa Ha 3TO, nogo6Hoe noBe-
AeHie AyMaIOT% (Bs KOMMHCCci) upaHeceTl Bnpt He nojL3y, a ray-
6oqaAmift perA. Bb AOKaaaTeJbCTBO Toro, cb KaKOII CBo060oAO OTII b,
6e'b BcaKaro BpeAa TePAocTH npeAaHnaro B% AJTypriaxl xorMaTa,
OTHOCHJICb H l 6o0rOCJOBCKHML 0 HeM yM03pBHiilX'b, (B% ROMMHCCiH)






44


HA&IOMHHZH a13oAeeie naiuu reiacia I (TpaxT, III): ci 3emHLIM H aje-
MeBTamI, AlymaeTL OHI, 0OeAHHBGTec1 6o2KGCTBeHHa5I cy6CTaHgil, no-
cemy Mn, Jlpiemjil CBJTyio EBxapicTito, cTaHoBHmcfl ipipuacTninrn 6o-
ZaecTueHHaro ecTeCTna. O Ha BnHTI BI Heft oTo6pa3i r~anearo
TaHHCTBa, T. e. BoHAoo Hifil, H XOqeT'L casaTb: RIRL 'I eJIOBtqecTBO
H 6oZecTBo coeAHHHJIHCb BI OAHOml XPHCTI;, Tarbm xAt6,L H BBHO
BAtCL CYTb HOCHTeJKH BOioIIkOeHHOfi 6ozeCTBeHHOR IIPApOAN.
3. IAim noinaro ycTpaHeHia Bneaxaro no~o3ptHia Mmu He Ro-
je611ema (wir stehen nicht an) o6nHBHTI), 'TO He HKmem'i Hnuero
cKa3aTb BI AOrmaTHqecIOYI. oTHomeniii flOTHpB ysepzanaii He)o-
cTaIoM1HxI BbI HtilmeUKfOii AypriH CIIOBI: sanctum sacrificium, imma-
culatam hostiam H BO6nie flOTHBb BCero coAepzBaHia 'ixna pHMcRoA.
B31 Apexneu IAepRBH nponcxomaxgef JIHTypriH (Messcanoos).

3. Y'ienie 0 CCAIMH BCeJaeHCI(Hrb co6opax%.

1. Pycoax q onmMHccia, nopaqaR BueAeHBNe Bb yfIOTpe6Jlelie
BI) repmalii yqe6HxuE CGIUHBaeTL, IIOBHAHMONY, CHMBOIH'leCRii Henri
c~b ypebbniH PyrOBOACTBaMH (Compendien) H onycxaeTL B31 BHAY,
'ITO XaTHXHBSYi) rOJIjiHACKHXl CTapoxaTOIHROBL, coriacHO C'I) HX
zeiamieMI), HntCEOI-RO uoApo6hte pacnpocTpaeaeqcsi o xpRcTOaoriu,
qlhM'L yxOpBeMIbi BbI HeAOCTaThI)aXL H'tMeAKiRI KHHrK. flpa Beem
TOMI% H K PACTaBHTeJiL rOjjaHACKHXI) CTaPOKaTOIHKOB' BI) Hameff
KommHcciH saaktaeT'b, 'TO Batcb AtAO H0T~b IHCKJIIO'IHTOjiIHo o ueAa-
rorH'ecKR-TexHHIle6KoM' BoRPOCt, Ha ROTOPUR cAAYeTL OTB''aTb
CMOTr1 HO OTHomeuHiarI) H IOTpe6HOCTHMI) OTAtJlIHOft uOMICTHOA
IJepKBH. OH'I Aa~ae io83BoAiGeT ce6t, ci ioaniaro Hamuero corxacia,
npOcoBoikynHm, MTO BwbApeHiemi nex~aHnecxHxh, Aia MHorHxi He-
IIOHRTRI)X'b, fj3OPMyllI He MHOrO no1taemlb, qTO npH ypOraX%
peaxriH, Ha&pOTHBI, rriaBsaa sa6oTa 3asnIoqaeTa B7,. AyXOBHOM'I
IlpoiaHRoneHiH yCTaHOBJleHHLnx Op rMyIab H I) YM'tHiH BOCIIOAIE8O-
BaTbca EmH Aja pejarioaHoll zKH8Hf cepina (ffur das religi6se Ge-
miithsleben). MN noiaraie 6H Tarue, 'ITO 3To 6biro 6N BtpuutlHHMI
CeGeCTBOMNI RI) IpeAOxpaHeHiio OCo6eHHO LCICIIXI) u o6pa3oBaHHI)IXL
cOCAOBilA o0Th HeBipia H cerTaHcTBa.
2. rep~aHxcrie cTapoKaToAiHxR OTHIO)b H'ierO He MHHoTl iipo-
THBI TOrO, '1T06N BOCIIOAHHTb IPyKOBOACTRO, BI CMIICIh PyCCexOA
KoxinicciH, XOTH ci neAarorn'eCRoll TOIRH B3ptlia C'RHTaIOTL npa-
BHaa)Hie paeasHaTh 6oite qHelo, WbMI) RaKrb BTO, HOBHAEMOmY, Ilnp-
HaTo BI) Poccil, meazAy OTrponeHiemi, RaRI) OHO cOAePZHTCq BI)
IhlcaHzina flpeAaHBiH, H RMCTBeHIoIO o6pa60Tnoio ero, H co~epzanie






45


3Tooi nocjitaHei npeAocTaaBTb YCTHOMy npenoAaBasnio CMOTpa no no-
Tpe6HocTRaH yqeHHKOBi.


4. KaHoHHIrecKif xapaKTeps nocBoimieHi roujiaHkacKHxx
CTapoKaTOJIHqeCKHxL eHCKonoB'L.
1. RoMMHccia HaxoAXHTL HsnozKeHie H InoBMaHie CAoHeceHija
OTHOCHTeajHO nocBaiIeHiH rojiaHacCKHXi CTapORaTojAHieeRHX' elnlKO-
noBI HenpaBHJbHIM'b B cymD C ecRTBeHnLIX nyHKTaxL Cb HCTopHqecRofi
a npeAMeTaHo ToqKH api'Hi. B% oco6eHHocTH HeBApHo yTBepzAeHie,
aRo6bi nana saj ynpaB~eHia rojzaHACKOIo AIeprOBbhI HaBHaqHIHA CHa-
qajia anOCTOJACKHXI BHKapieBl, HOTOMI HyHgieB%, aHBIIIRX% B%
ReajbHt a BpIocceB, H ano6bm InocatAHHMIb ass aTHx' HynitieBi,
Kams 3TO 6yKIaAbHO a8HaHTCH BS pycCROM AoHeceHiH, c6ban apxi-
enUncon% IKOAAe, ROTOpbIi -6ham BMi3BaaH B% PHMa Ha cyA% no
o6BHHeHiIo Bl HHCeHe3M1 H 6b6u 1704 r. HH3AIOBeHl' HyHiiH BL
KeJsHt H Bpiocceeat, 0c oAHoi cTopOHi, H anocTOanbCKie Baxapia BI
ToJJaHSAi, O1 Apyrolf, saBHuasa coBepmeHHo pasajaqIHaR AOJAHOCTH,
H KorAe 6u6jn aAMHHHCTpaTopoMn yTpeXTCKOA IepKBH, HO HHKorAa
He 6mrb nancircKn HyHIuieM B% Keebt a BpIocceat.
2. CocTaBsTea AoHeceHia pyccKof RoMMHCacci o roaaHACuHxl
nocBamleHiafl cTaz as Tonqoy spiHia nancKaro npaBa. BbixoAa H3i
DToro upaBa, KaK OHO nanamH BBeAeHO 6uaio BL npaITHEy (wie es
durch die Pipste zur faktischen Geltung gebracht war), HeAb8a ocna-
pHBaTL, ITO rOJIaHAcKia nIOCBHIeHiaUH He BIIOJIH ey COOTBtTCTBO-
BaUH, noTOMy qTO He AoCTaBaAo nancKaro yTBepazeHia JnH,; MoaHO
AonyCTHTb, iTO npI HopMajbLHIX o THomeHiaxi 3DTO npaso 6m~o 6u
npaMtHeno. Ho Toramnee noAoaenie noBOaeHTe aHO Tpei6onao He-
ipaBHjbHocTH. H pyccoft KOMMnCCiin He ocTajocb He HBBtCTHNML,
ITo co BpeMeHH pe4opMaioHHnxb CMYTy B% romaHAiH nana ynpaB-
J.Ian TaMomneio IAepKOBbio nocpeaTBOM'b aInoICToJaCKHXb BHapieBL.
Ho 6wIb J oHa yInoAnOMOneHL Ha 3To iepKOBHIuM' npaBOMI, Mor-jm.
On ga ayIo CTpaHy caMOBiacaTHO aemHTb KaHOHHecKH npasaBHjaro
ynpasBeHia nocpeACTBOML npaBOMtpaHxx enHCKonoBL, 3TO 6oate isMs
coMHHTejibHO. roaHnAcKan I~eprOBsb OAHaBO ae cMHpeHao nepenecla
3TO HenpaBHabHOe noseAeHie pnHMCaro ABopa H canm apxienHcronb
KoAAe, xorAa ero 3asb-sa ero ApeBHeiepKOBHaro, npanocjaanaro, aHTa-
ieayHTCKaro HanpaBJeHia OTptIHHJIH oT AOJiaHocTH, InoKopHo nperpa-
THJI HcnoAHeHie CBOHXl o06f3aHHOCTeft. lo3ame yze, cnycra 6oate
20-Ta JI'BT, IIUpCTyuaI SB npOTHBHOCTL PaMy, KI H36paHiIo H no-
CBaImeHiio enaciona -- ocTaTOnHoe AOKaBaTeJlbCTBO TOIO, 9TO At CTBO-






46

Baia He zerrOMacixeHHo n He MHTemHHqeCKH. He yMaN a BlXOxAHTI
H3b HecBepxAoJ.cHaro noAaqHeHia nant, ci roJraHACKOI CTOpOHi,
6bITb MomeTI, Aoibme q Ym catoBajno, ne onycCajH Hn oAHoro cniyqaa,
xoTa BcerAa nanpaHO, RcnpamaBaTb pMCKsoe eoasBOJeIie Ha enn-
CKoncKie Bb6Opo. iTO 6oabme Bcero, KpoM pyrHxI unpRqiHH, 3a-
CTaBHJO OTKaaaTb AO HSBtCTHaro npeAtla B noBHHOBeHiH eMy, 3TO
noaBjenie noA' BjiaHieML ie3syaTOB. aorMaTHqeeKofi 6yjjn Unige-
nitus 1713 r., KOTOpOIO noABepratoTca aHaeeut, Kawi epeT lecKia,
itbnIt paA' yqeHift Atp, a TaKae MOpaHi a AHCIHnniHHu. Ecai
roizaHAcraa IepxOBL He AOJlZHa 6mia CKEOHERTbC no Haro ie3yaT-
CeHXI jiateyqenit, TO ona BUHyzAeHa 6HNa BOBCTaHOBHTb npaBO-
ciaBHoe, no npaBy cyiecTByioinee, enaceoncoe ynpaBzeHie, KI Ati-
CTBilo KOTOparo CO CTOPOHnb PHMa AoJlro noiaranicb npenaTCTBia.
'TO B% COCTOHiH TaICot HymAC ne cjtAOBaxO ocTanaBnHBaTbca 3s-3sa
He6oabmaHX, HecyinecTBeHHi ux HenpaBHsaJocTei, KOTopsIH ceHie> nopHiareTe BI nocBameHiH CTeeHogeHa, aCHo CaMO co6oio.
Aa;e camaa BaZ&Ha 3as1 HHXI, cjyzeHie TOJLKO OAHOrO enacKona
inpH HOCBnHaeliH, He HMteT% HaqeHia, TaK Ra KBK Aace no nancKOMy
y'eHiO 3TO H pHSHaeTCa AOCTaTOqHM'I BE cuyiat Hyza a B oo6ige
A03BOn JeTca OTAt banMH HOBI;mIHMH IBHpyMCnpaHnioHHHMH 6yMa-
raMH. H pyccKaa IepKOBb, ecaB-6i e npHmIocb B s6HpaTb Meaty
HenpaBoClaBieM% H MajIIIMH I HiCHHjIBHapHLIMH HenpaBHJLbHOCTZaMH,
He RacaiomiHMNca cyImHOCTH Ata, HH na OAny MHHyTy He ycyMBHacO
6H Ha CqeT% CBoero, corJIacHo ci OCHOBHLMH UepKOBHbiMH nocTaHo-
BJeHifaaM, noBeIbeHil.

5. JIHTypris.
3aMtaHiaa xoiamR noKOJi y pHMCKiit cjiyae6HIHKr HaxOAHTca BI ynoTpe6AeHiH
y CTapOKaTOJAKOEB He TOJIbKO BI rOJIAaHAiH, HO H Bl HICKOAbRKXbI
MMcTaxi B repMaHia. Mo0Ho 6u ocnapHBarb a yTBepacPeHie, WTo
6yATo-6b BHe Hers HtT% CnpHasbBaHia, (CB. ,Iyxa). BnpoieMu, Aor-
MaTHqeCKa Hna npHanaHniaJbHo MH Hnqero He HMeeMi CKa3SaTb npOTRsB
acejnaHif pyccKoit KoMMacciH oTHOCHTeaJbO JaTypriH.
BoHa% 10 aBrycTa 1896 r.
OTb MeHH yIpeZAeHHOR BI PoTTOepA8t IKOMMCCie
IIpeActAaTeab ea
OeoAopi Be6epi,
Kaeoianeciri enHCKonI CT&apORaTOJEKOBi
repmaHCRott HnepiH.







47


IV.
OTBiTbI C.-IeTep6yprcxoA I OMMHCCIH
Ha ,,MHtHie" HOlMMCCei PoTTepAacKoii no Bonpocy o coeANHeHiN
CTapOHaTonjiHOBb Cb npaBocAIaBHoo UepKOBbIO.
(IIpHj.o~eHie Ia ZypHajy sacaHiai 8 aBrycra 1897 r.).

I. 0 Filioque.
1. PoTTepAaMCKaa KOMMnCcia ne exasaia CBoero MHBHia no
cyi~ecTseHHOy nyU KTy yqenai IIpaBocIanBHo IepKBH O CB. TpoR t.
IIo cemy oZHAaemi yTBepAHTeibHaro OTBtTa, npHHMaaeTcia JL cTapo-
KaToAHKaMH cAiAyioIIee AorMaTaqecKoe yqeBie o CB. Tponst IIpa-
BOCJaBHOi o BOCTORHOR IUepKBn:
BtpyeMi, aKO OTen ecTb BsHa CaHa H Ayxa: CnHa speas
pozAeaie, A~yxa ze CBITaro Ipesb acxoacAeHie. OTeAi
poaeaeT CzHa H HaBOAHTL CBaTaro Iyxa, CbmH ace poc-
AaeTca OT( OTua, H AyxI CBaITN HOXOAHTI OT OTIa. H
T&KO HTeMi eARHoe Haqajio H upBHeaeMi OTIa eAHHOIO BHHOIO
Cuna H ,1Ayxa.
2. C .Lio6oBiio InpHB'TCTBy corjacHoe c yqeHieMb IIpaBocraBHot
I1epicB saanBeHie PoTTepAaMcKofi KOMMHCCiH O TOM%, ITO Filioque
BHeceHO B a 3anaAHn CVMBOJI HeaaKOHHO, ME. cqiTaem' H0eo6xo-
AHMHMI' ALa coeAHHeHia cTapOKaTOAHROBs Cl npaBOCJaBHhMH, HqT06bL
BCt CTapOKaTOJiaecKi 06oiHHbI ycTpaHHjH aTY He3aIKOHHyI BCTaBKy
H31 CvMBOJa nBtp a H H3 KaTRxaH30COBa eCJIH TOJbKO eCTb o6IgIHbI,
ROTOpblI AO CHXL nopi eme He CAt ajH aToro.
3. Corzamanac c'l MHiHieM POTTepAaMCKOf KOMMHCCiH, 9TO
qneoB'tecKoe yMoaptHie OTHocHTembHO 6oacecTBeHaof TraaiH Tpo-
HqHOCTH eCTeCTBeHHo BpamaeTca B% TaKHxI npeACTaBjeHiaxI HS BS -
paaeHinxl, ROTopuR He MoryTp 6iaTb np3HsaBH BInoaiH nt AXOAAIuMH
a noTOMy MoryTl 6uTb ycoBepmaeMi, M, He MuoeMYa npH3HaTb npa-
BHJbHUbIMr -sbB0oAHMoe OTcia saniioeHie, qTO Bct orpaHHqenia, BN-
xoAaflia as npeAtdnj coAepuMaaro IepIOBlbo AorMaTa, HecnpaBe~iHBr .
Mm noaaraens, ITO 6orocaoBCnia MHtHia HJH yNoco3epi8aHia, K' Ka-
ROMy 6u AorMaTy OHH HH OTHOCHJIHC, A03BOaHTejAbHb H zejaTejHbHN
JRHmb HacTOJbKO, HacKOJbKO OHH cjycaTb K'i ero o6L0iCHeHilo H pas-
yMHOMy ycBoeHio. B npIOTHBHOMo cjyqat oHn Aon sHnu 6nTb as-
6traeMu.
4. BorocaoBneoe MHHiie o CJIHt, KaRI 0 BTOpB'IHOt IIpHqaHH
in ConpBrnHt CBlTaro ,Aiyxa AojIIH 6blTb na6traeMo noToMy, STO






48

He CymaIHTI Kra yacHeHiIo AorMaTa o CBHTOif TpoanH ; HanpoTHBI,
Ioje6JieT yqeHie o eA aHOM' Haqa&a (&px) Hn o0 eAHHotf npHqrHHa
(cadtI) Bl TpoqnocTm, rIHqHOe CBO CTBO OTIa 6dTb 3THMl Ha-
aAIOMb HJIH IrpHqHHOlo yCBOeT%, XOT H Ba orpaHHRBTeAbHOM CMbICJIt,
CUly H TaKHML o6pao0M oTTqeCTBO CMemIHBaeT' AO HIoTOpOfj CTe-
neHH c C% IJHOBCTBOM. IIpeA.araa R36traTb TaKOro npeACTaBJIeHi
H Bupa~eHnia, MEb IIOBTOpIeIM npHH1TOe BOHHCRolo KROH)epeHielo
1875 roAa, Bs ceAbMOM' ea sactAaBiH, teTBepToe noJoaeHsie, KOTopoe
rjaCHTI : MblI OTBepraeMi BCqKoe npeAcTaBneHie H BCMKii CnOC06L
BnpazeHia, B, EOTopOMn0 coaepaajocb 6u npHHfiTie AByxI naHaji
(Principien, &p)Xa) iaH npHrHHa (alEat) BH TpoHqHocTH>.*)
5. -C THMa' HMeHHO orpaHHqeHiezb Mm H npeAOCTaBaiaeM
6orocAonBeOMy yMosptniio OTHOCHTb BCTPptqal miaca y CBHTHX OTIIOBI
a yIHTejieei BO33ptHia o upoCia~Hi CBaTaro ,,yxa speai CMIHa H Ka
Bt~HOi 3aH3HH BozecTBa, He OTOeCTBRsaH npH aTOMI nOHHTia :
xhaW.tLs, OavipoCoL H T. A. c% noHaTieMW noAiyqeHia 6uTia --np9t,
KOTopoe y CBaThxL OTOneB'IH a yTejefi noCTaBJIJeTCS BI saBHCHMoCTb
He OT, Ciua, a OTh OTia, HO cJltfly TOJKO yqeHiIo OTKponeHia
o BtlHOCTH Tpoitiecaof ;aHsaa o nHpeAonpeAtjieHiH OTI BtIHOCTH
TBOpeHiH Mipa H ,OM0oTpOHTeiLCTBa cnaceHia npa yqacTiH Tpexi
JIHWL IIpeBasTa Tpomak.


2. 0 CB. EBXapHCTiH.

IIpeAJaraeMab KI npHHaTio cit'yiomgee yqeHie IIpaBocjaBHno
BOCTOqHOf IepxBH 0 CB. EBXapHCTiH:
1) Xajit H aBHO Ba CB. EBxapHCTiH no ocsBfeHiH npenaraloTca
nenocTracHMbimb Aia Hacb o6pasoMi Ba Ttjio a KpoWb rocnoAHH
HCTHHH, AtfiTBBTej LHO H cynmecTBeHHO (vere, realiter et sub-
stantialiter.)
2) IIoceMy Btpyemh, TO npHiamaIoainieca npieM IorT noA'L
BHAOM' xaji6a a BHna HCTHHHoe Ttjio H HGTHHHyHO Ip0Bb rocnoAa
Hamero Iacyca XpncTa, H npHTOM'b tiCTTaHTejLHIuM ab Ti eCHbIMi
o6pasoMa, TaIM To IIpeqlcToe TeAo a RposB rocnoAHH BXOA.HT%
Bs ycTa H yTpo6b npHani.aiomxxca raKi 6fiaroqecTarBxs, TaKL Ha
HeIecTHBBnu nepnBML BO cnaceHie H nocJBAHaHMb BO ocyaeAeHie.
3) XOTs B'b OAHO H TO ae speMH 6IBaeT MHoro CBHIMeHHO-


*) Bericht fiber die vom 10. bis 16. August 1875 zu Bonn ge-
haltenen Unions-Conferenzen, von Dr. Reusch, Bonn 1875, S. 81.






49

A~tfiTBif B BBceaeHHOt, HO HeMHoria Tlta XPHaTOBN, a OAHO Tiao
Ero a oAHa KpoBb npe6lBaeT% Bo t B oX'b T'abHNXb UepKBaXb
BtPHNX'. H 3TO He noTOMy, qTO Ttjo rocnoAHe, HaxoAameeca na
He6ecaxi, HHCXOAHT% Ha sKepTBeHHHKH, HO HnTOMy, WTO XJt6'b npeA-
JioeHia, upHroTosBaeMnbf nop03Hb BO BCttxI epKBaxi, H spe3s OC-
BRsleHie npeTBOppaeMui H npecymnecTBaseMaexl iAjaeTc oaHo a To
ae cI TtioMn, cymnmUt Ha He6ecaxb (locAJ. BOCT. IIaTp. '1. 17).
4) HcnoB oyyeMi, qTO CB. EBxapacria ecTm ZepTsa HCTHHHaa,
yMIIHOCTHBBTejrbHaf, npHHOCHMan 3a rptxan BaX' Bb Blpt jIHBymrHX
H yMepIHxb.

3. y eHie o ceAHMH BceJIeHC~ HXL co6opax,.

Mi OTHIOAb He CMt mHBaeMb CHMBOAHIeCKHXib KRiHBr Ci yqe6HiMH
pyKOBOACTBaMH, HO flp~ BCeMb TOMI HacTOiqBBO xejaaeML, 'qTo6bl Bb
yqe6Hbux' pyKOBOAcTBax cTapOKaTOJiHKOBW 6es0 nponycaa Ha3ara.ocb
AorvaTHqecaoe yqeHie ceAbMH BcejeHicKH'b co6opos', B' acnoe YAO-
CTOstpeHie TOrO, 'TO He HCJIO TOJbCO co60poB% HMH npieMJeTCH, HO
a caMoe HxI yqeHie.

4. O nocBInIeHisx' O roJIjaHaCRHX%' cTapOKaTOJIHHe-
CKHX'IC enHCKOnOBb.

ME BnoaiH noHHMaeMi BCIO TpyAHOCTb, Bb KaRKyo IOCTaBjeHa
6iera Te'eHiemwb HCTOpHaecIKHX co6MTiS rojiaHACKaa IepKOBb BL
Haajia XVrIm CTOAJTia, BbHy2IAeeaHaH a jisA B03CTaHOBAeHia cBoef
iepapxia npa6trHyTb KI RaHOBHqecKBmt HenpaBBHbHOCTaMb. Ho
npHBHMaa BO BHHMaHiie, qTO YTpexTKaal iepapxin noay~H~a CBoe Ha-
qaajo OT' enIHCona sanpeineHHaro, a noTOM a oTngTyeHHaro, I py-
ROBOACTByICb KaHOHaMH Bcej HCKOA IAepKBH, npoAoJacaemn yTBepBaTb,
ITO iepapxia cia KaHoHH'ecKH HeupaBHRJbHa, a paBHo HenpaBHnjHa
a npoHcmeAnAaa OTb Hea iepapxia cTapoxaTOJa iecKaa, H nTo Bonpoci
o eal AtCTBiTeTibHcIOTH H nipH3HaHi ea 3aaOHHOIO MooeTh 6mTb
ptlmeHi TObKOIb rojiOCOM'b epsBH, KorAa cTapoKaToJiHKH o6paTaTCH
RI Ht Cl HnoBsBtaHieMn cBoefl BtpH B cH 3aaB eHieM CBOHX'L
HcIpeiHHHxi atejaHifi 6uTb HpHHarTHMH BL e~AHHeHie H o6meHie ce HeIo.

5. JIHTypriA.

Tami KaKs POTTepAaMcKaaa KoMMHccia saaBHsa, qTO cTapOKaTO-
JIRH AorMaTaqeCRH BJ H pHHInlniaJ bHO Hero He aHMOTi CIeasaTb






50

UpoTMBL KenaHit pyccrof KoEmliCCia, TO mm MoZEMeL BmCKaaaTb Teiiepb
TOaLKrO I1O, e jaHia, qTo6hw UTO 3aalnBHie Bb AtiCT1HTejIbHOCTH 6bIJo
ocyigecTBJ6HO Bo3MOMHO crople.
HOAa[HHHMi foAuacala:
Ammonifi, apxienHeoroib (aHDa1lAcidft.


M. KEpacHozeHL.














teIcKoe CBONATeAbCTBO XIV BtKa
0
pyccroMI MeTaH eaoqeCOMi IIpOH3BO~CTBt.

Bo BCet nepioAU cBoero cTopHqecKaro cyMecTBOBanis pyc-
cKas s3eMafr 6ija CTpaHoi C- npeo6jiapaouHIonM pa3BHTieM%
AIo6uBaiomeft npounmemeHHocTH n IIocTaBnmHqefI cupux% npoa3-
BeeHiift Ha HHoaeMHIue PUHKH. Coc'raBHTeCl HamiefI nepBo-
Haqa~bHof JI TOUCH BjaraeT% B'b yCTl KHHSB CBHTOCcIaBa cJIt-
Alyonul CJnoBa, xapaKTepHsyIon i ApeBHe-pyccKylO TOprosBJo:
,He o060o MH eCTb, roBopHJI KH83b, B% KieBt 6u TH,
xoiuy EHTHI BT IIepeHcnaBIH Ha j~yHaH, iKO TO eCTb cepeia
Ba seMIH Moeft, IKO Ty BCO 6aJaraH CXOArTC -- OT% rpeKL
3JIaTO, IaBOJIOKH, BHHa, OBOIIeBe pa2HOjnBIHqHH, HBL ex% me
OT' Yrp% cpe6po H KOMOHH, w 3 PycH me cKopa H BOCK9,6
Me/)L H qeJItab" 1). Kp0Mt BocKa, MeAa H MIXOBs, sTHXI6
HuaaBHI x9 pyccKHX% TOBapoBsb, BInocItACTBiH H8'L HoBropoAa
BlsBOu JH B-L 3anatjHyio Espony H Apyroe cupbe, a HMeHHO:
JeHb, KOHOIIJIO, XOJICT%, ITaKHIO, nmIeH FIly H Apyrol xlt6%, cajio,
KIotH H T. A. ).
HacKO rJKO MHt HSBtCTHO, AO CHXt nop9 He OTuICKaHO HH
OAHOrO CBHAtTejIbCTBa 0 BbIB0' HUs PyCH BT CTpaHh 3anauaHOif
EsponuI npemeTOBTb pyccKoi o6pa6aTaBaounel npoMImjeHHOCTH.
HanpoTHB%, MbI pacnojiaraeit Maccof yKanisaH Ha TO, qTO Ta-
KOro poAa TOBapuL 6bIuH npHBOsHMLa HSEI-sa rpaHHIUi. TaKe,
Hanp.,. H3t BHBaHTiH pyccie nonyqajmH naBOJOKH, oporie cocyALu,
1) JIaBpenTheBcKaa JatTOnIcb, cTp. 28. JItTOWnCb no HInaTCKOy CIIHCKY
(Cn6., 1871), cTp. 43--44.
2) H. APHCTOB I, IIpOMWMfemHocTb T peBHet Pycn (Cn6., 1866),
CTp. 203.






52

6orama oAezb, HOBpb, yKHa, CBHIkeHHMb o0Ie~bi, HKObI H
T. 1). Ha pbHKax'L AsoBa H CyaaKa pyccKie Ha Mtxa BU-
MtHHBaJaH 6ynamHua H meJIKOBHLI TKaHH HTa&JiaHCKaro H BOCTOq-
Haro npoIH3BOAcTBa. Has AsiH pyceKie npio6ptTaJH 3BJIOTInoJH
cepe6panze Bsema, KaK'b-TO: 6jioAa, qunoiuKH, aaIIcTha, KojibLa,
6yjiaBKH, nyroBKH, 6JirXH Rsua yKpameHia oAemAbi H KOHCKOO
c6pya, opyaye H 6y.aaTHima HEatJai. HIa cTpan S8anaAHoiB
Esponu npH noCpeaHHqeCTB's HmMelKKHX'L KynIoB'L AOCTaBaeMb
6unH cyKHa pa3Haro pojla, cafcfeTKH, nepTaTKH, HHaepaaHAcKi H n
BecTaJICKia I OJ nIOTHa, HaMeqKid H IIo6cKica HrOjKH, CTeKjo,
opyrie H T. A. 2).
IIpH cylmecrBoBaniH TaKHXrb yCTaHOBHBmHXCH Boa8ptHiif Ha
xapaKTep' ToproBJI H npoMb jieHHOCTH lPpeBHel PycH, npio6pt-
TaeT9 Bar raIasax'b HmBCatAoBaTejIa BazKHOe saaqeHie ,BcaKoe HAB'BCTie
o BUBot Bar 3anaAHylo EBpony npeAmeTOBL pyccKofo o6pa6aTLI-
BatoIueI InpoMuIImIeHHOCTH, TaK'I KaK%, 40HOJIHHJI B' HB'BCTHOM'b
OTHOImeHiH HamH CBrfMAHiH o ZpeBHeeMt pyccK0oW 6fuT, OHO
BMICTt C% TkrM cIyEHTTb AOiKaaTeIhCTBOM'L HeAOCTaTOqHOCTH
HamnHX'a HCTO'sIHKOB', KaKOBhIMH IIpeHMylieCTBeHHO HBJIHIOTCH
ApeBHia lJITOIIHnCHH Z HTia.

HaIBCTtJHRl BHaTOKb qemcKof epeAHeB!tKOBOf naneorpa4iH,
npo4. Ioc. 9 Mep ', AeBaTb atT% TOMy Ha3a&a' HaAajnIs BL
,,BCTHHKfe Kopo0eBcKaro 'lemicaro 06mecTBa HayK'" OTpUBoK'r
HHBeHTapH BpeBHOBCKaro MOHaCTeha 3). B' neqaTHOMWL BHJHt
HBAaHHhIf HnaMHTHHKL BMiuraeTca BCero TOJIKO Ha 25 cTpamH ax'x
in-octavo. Ho MHHiio npoq). 9mfepa, pyKonHCL 6mua HsroTOBseHa
Ba nocnfeHaHxx roAax M XIV BlKa HaH B96 CaMOMb HaiajfI cnjI y-
loiAaro. IIpH cocTaBJeHiH pyKOIHCH, B' OCHOBy 6lJIlH nIOJoeHI 8a-

1) ApHCTOB'L, crp. 184-185.
2) Ap H CTO 0', cTP. 187, 190, 197, 203-204.
3) Zlomek inventie kldHtera Brevnovskdho z let 1390-1394
B'1 ypHaJit V6stnik krbl. 6esk6 spol. niuk (Sitzungsberichte der
k6nigl. b6hm. Gesellschaft d. Wissenschaften), Ronfik 1888 (V Praze
1889), Tifda filos.-histor., str. 280-305.






53

MtTKH HuH SaLHCH, co6patHHbI B'B oAHo i 0nsoe 1no enanioHi a66aTa
IHBHma (1385-1408). IIo coAepmanio HHBeHTapB npeAcTa-
BnaeT'L nepeqeHL KHHPr, rpaMnoT, IepKOBHOR yTBapH H xosa-0
CTBeHHlX'L Bermef, npHHa~nemaBmHx~ BpeBHOBCKOMy MOHaCTm pIo,
ero ByM'b CKHTaM% (II0o KOMy H BpyMoBCxOMy)) 1H n QapHUM'
naH npHxoAcKHM% IepKBaMlb, npHnHcaHHUWM' s1 MOHaCTbIpIo.
TaKie IIpHIHCHle npHxo0II HJIH Qapi BpeBHOBCKaro MOHaCTupH~ Ha-
XOAHJIHCE, Bt CnyIoIluHXb cenaxa: JIH60oi, CHpKIHrt, IBHKOBt,
He8aMuiciHnaxr, KocTeabLnt, Xue6ynrf H BpHCTB 2). Haqas o pyKo-
nHCH He coxpaHHJIOCL, a noTOMy H3laH'L TOILKO eH KOHelL, co-
Aepmaini. HHIBeHTaph HMym6ecTBa gepIKBe BFL He3aMiicanqaxb,
IocTejILgt, Xle6yint H BpHCTBt. CocTaBjeHie aaunHcell A,
xarntofl iepKBH npoHCXOAHmo upH nepeMtA eHiH HacToaTeiel HUH
Ha3HaqeHiH HOBLX'L. orAa OAHH% HB3 YJIeHOBL MOHaCTLupCKOH
KopnopagiH, 6paTn BaIJaBs~ 6ubn nepeMtieH'L HaCTo0TeaIeM%
Ba KocTeneg'b, a Ha ero MteTO 6unJI HamHaqeH% 6paTn flHL,
no npo3ssaito EAHHaqeK%, TO COCTaBJIeHa 6I aa 27 HHBapa
1393 roAa nepenacb AsBaHMaro HMyniecTBa, n pHHHaAJIeaaBUiaro

1) BpesBHnOBif BeHefHRTHHCKifR MoaacTipb 6nuJm CaMLmL ApeBaHME
B 'lexin: ocBsnneHie ero upoH3omIO 14 aHBapa 993 roAa. B% Haiaat XIII
B2ta, npH a66aTt KyHo, MoHaCTeIp upio6pt'BJ IIoJmiHiK Hx BpyMOBeCif
ytaAbJ, jemanie na caMonM BOCTOK tiexiH, Ha rpanHnt c' CHJIeaief. Toraa
ae BW IIornilt ocHOBanH 6WnI CKHT' (proboitsvi). fpyrof TaKofA CeHTb
6uiJ' 8 ajioEeH Bas BpyMonB a66aTOMW BpeBHOBCKHMb BaBopoMin B7' 1322 r.
Cm. T o m ek, Dejepis m6sta Prahy (dr. vyd. 1892), d. I, str. 88, 163, 436.
2) fIepsbs TpH IepxKBH 6buJIH iupceOHHeHh ei m6 onoMI IlaHHOMT IV
BE 1318 rogy, a nocaitrffia B' 1341 roAy (T o me k, d. I, str. 438). IIpHco-
eKHHneie x- MOHacTEIpIo geppBeft HH HHKopnopHpoBaHie HxI saKJaroianocb
B' TOMT, ITO HacTORTeAJIIM TaKHXs gepxnsef HaaHaaaeM i 6IuaH -IeHI MoHa-
CTHIpCKoI Kopnopagin, a AoxoAbI, ocTaBmieca sa y lOBseTBopeHieMTb noTpe6-
HocTeft HacToaTeJIne, HnocTyInaJ BI noIbay moHacTIpa. Ennexion loaniH IV,
npHcoefojnaa Kb PyAuHgnOMy MoHacTpTo HI KOTOpMIi iepKBH, BIcxKa3BanaJcal
npH aTOMK B' cBoeft rpaMOTt Tar7: plurimaincommoda et expensarum onera
sustinere cogatur . ne per inmoderati oneris gravitatem posset in eo pro-
fectus monastici ordinis impediri ecolesias parochiales, soilicet in ...
eidem monasterio auctoritate ordinaria incorporamus . in jus et proprie-
tatem prefati monasterii et ipsas tam in spiritualibus quam temporalibus in
totam subicimus . fratres seu canonicos sui monasterii in eisdem ecclesiis
libere instituere et destituere. CM. Diplomatic klntera v Roudnici, H3xaHHEIU
npo$. 8 jepoms BW' ypn. V6stnik krAl 6esk6 spol. nAuk, Roinik 1893 (V
Praze, 1894), Eislo XVII, str. 7-8.






54

HesaMuhcaiHqnot IepKBH, a eTbrpe AHI noase H -- RocTeaegKoi.
1 aBrycTa Toro Me rona no To0l Me npIHHmIt coCTaBHjH HHBeH-
Tapb Xuee6yuKoa, a 4-aro aBrycTa H BpHCTBHIIKOlR repKBelf.1).
CocTaBJe ie Bcetx% TnHX sanHcef o6ycnoBsaBanocL, BfpoHTHO,
HIo6oBLIO KH nopSAKy H TO'HOCTH a66aTa JHBHma, KOTOphIl 6MuI
BHHOBHHKOML CoCTaBJeHiRi H yp6apa BpeBHOBCKaro MOHaCTupa 2).
OTPIpBOKwI HHBeHTapsi HauHCaHb CpeAHeBtKOBsUM JaaTHH-
CKHML HS3lKOMI, HO 06HIiLHO ycHagIeH c CJiaBSHO-9eIICKHMH CJIO-
BaMH, KaK'-To: Primo vasa pro cervisia, que dicuntur studwe,
13 . Item duo ciphi ferrei et una flasca ... Item duo sme-
tane seu abiecte . Item duo cliny ferrei ... Item 8 vomeres
minores, qui dicuntur naradlnyky .. et una brana ferrea...
Item rethe pro avibus unum et rukawnyk secundum... Item
krupicze 1/2 tina .. Primo ssynow 16 et 2 motiki . et
pomecz . Item 5 currus ferrati integri pro robota . Item
brany ferree 3 et 7 sere ... .Item de ordeo tres wrstwy . .
Item kossyny pro fimo duplices ... Item strhadlo .. Item
pytlyky 4o'... Item unus pytlowar... Item unus hoblyk
. .. Item unus wor . Item dno sypnye . Item tres trlicze
pro stuppa... Item strhadlo 3).
BT 9TOMl naMarITHHKt emcKaro npoHCxo0meHia BLb TOil ero
IacTH, KOTOpan COcTaBaeHa 6bHIa 1 aBryCTa 1393 roAa, Haxo-
AHTCS cBHA'TTeabCTBo 0 pyCCKOML e MeTajIIHqeKOML HpOIH3BOACTBA
H ToprOBIa. B% onscH Bemefl XIie6yiKKOl epKBH 4) qHTaeMi,
Mearly npoqIHM9, cAIAyiomee: Item tres sere ferree
wlgariter ruskey, T. e. ,TpH menatHue avMKa, B'b upo-

1) IIoApo06HOTH 0 xapaKTept H cocTaBt pynonHcCH m HeH apa BpeB-
HOBOKaro MOH CTIoHp coo6ineHx Ipo$. aMJIepOM' B~ HpeOAHcJIOBiH KI HOJaHiIo,
CTp. 280-282.
2) Registrum bonorum monasterii Brzewnowiensis anno MCCCCVIO con-
scriptum HaneIaTaHn 3MJepoMBs me BL HAaHaiH Decem registra censuum
bohemica (v Praze 1881), p. 151-218.
3) CM. Vest. krAl. cesk6 spol. nAuk, Rocnik 1888, str. 289--292, 803-305.
4) Ceno, nHaasaeMoe Chczebuz HII Choczebuz no InaTmHH, Chzebuz no-
iemcKE H Zebus no-HnlMe~KH, B' 40-xri rozax% HmHnmHSro BOEa BxOAHMO BbX
coCTaB's I~Hia JIn6exoBa JIHTOMepHI~iaro Kpan, H38aBHa noA eprnHyBaroca
oHtMeeHiio (Palackf, Popis krAlowstwi 6esk6ho, str. 76). OTO cejo OTHO-








CTop1qiH HausBaeMue pyccKHMH". TaKHMa o6pasowM, Bs, JaH-
HOM'L CBHA~fTeOJbC~TB i MU HMeMaL ytasaHie HaH Ha 8aMKH pyccKaro
npoHBBOACTBa, HJIIa Ha TaKie, KOTOPhie, MomerT 6LITb, 6uIH cpa-
6OTaHau H Ba, caMOt 'exia, HO no samMCTBOBaHHIuM' nHBa PycH
o6pasgaMn.
CoMHtHia Ba, npaBHJibHocTH 'TeHia pyKOIHHCH BI, AaHHOMi
MtcTt He MO0EeT'L 6uLT, TiK KRaKI HBISaTeeM' HBBJIIeTCH Iipol0.
3~Mep'a, nepBbIA 3HaTOKa B'L o0iacTH qemcKo nIaneorpa iH,
HSBAMCTHUI o CBOHnM H3aaHiaMH CpeAHeBtKOBIX'L UaMSTHHKOBa.
KpoMt Toro, HyMaHO HMTIb B'a BHwy, ITO H3xaTenb oTHecca ca
oco6eHHtMa, BHHMaaHiem' KL A aHHOMy TeKCTy. DTO BHSHO H3'b
TOro, HTO OHI CqMHTa Il He06XOAHMiIM% cAtiaTb o6a'acHeaie H
ccUiKy TaKoro poAa: V prams. knize Misc. 6 17 fol. K, 22
k r. 1460 vy6itaji se v pozistalosti lana Chalupy ,zamky tri
rusk6"1). DTOI nocatAHeA cupaBKof 3Majep' o06aaHaL AOKTOpy
BaHTepy, 43BeCTHOMy SHaTOKy KRYJTyPHOA HCTOpiH cpeAHeBtKO-
BLIXb qemiCKHXa' ropo0OBsL. KJ' HeMy, IIOBHfHMOMy, o6paiaica
caM% HmsaTeub HHBeHTaps BpeBHOBCKaro MOHaHCTupa, 8aaHTepe-
COBaHHbIi opHrHHanbHIM% H pk~ KRHMaL yKa3aHieM a Ha ynoTpe6-
aeHie BH 'IexiH pyccKHxa 3aMKOB'L.
YCTaHOBHBsIH m aKTab HeCOMHtHHOl HOA IHHHOCTH CBHiAJTebL-
cTBa, Mh MObKeMei nepeTiTH K, KpHTHqecKoft ero OilHK'I.
Hamn HCTOpHKH OTHOCHTCH Ca' HtKOTopUM'a HeAOBtpieM L
KWb T'M'a TeKCTaMLa, B'b KOTOpuIX' HlaxoATCH yKasaHiB Ha pyc-
cKi0 CHHoieHiH c'a CTpaHaMH 3auapHon EBpoon, H CKBOHHIJ
HHorAa OTHOCHTB HX'L Ha AojIIO YropcKol PycH. roBopa o TOMIa,
ITO nB HaqaJI X BtKa pyccKie KtynInu Ipoxo, HJH Cb CBOHMH
TeaVraMlH epea' 1exio Ha 6epera AyHaa H npoIasaBai 6aBap-
gaML nouiaAefi H HeBOIbHHKOB'a", BecTymeeBar-PIOMHHi' B a cKo6Kax'L
CTaalBHTT BloupocI: ,He 6inm JIIH 9TO Yropcaie PyccKie?" a B'L
npHMtliaHiH npHBOAFHT, OTmiCEaHHoe HIorOAHHUIMa CBHAITeJIbCTBO
CHTca r os~ y HnaHfoae ApeBHHKX BjinaaHig BpeBHOBCKaro MOHacTNpa
(E r be n, Regestra diplomatic nee non epistolaria Bohemaie et Moraviae,
pars I, p. 33-34). C7 XYe6yKof IAep KBH BpeBHOBCRift MOHacTHpb noJyIYaRI'
2 KEonI ,oxoga (Emler, Decem registrar, p. 175, 215).
1) CM. Vest. krdl. cesk6 spol. nduk, RoInik 1888, str. 303.






56

rpaMOTLI JIeolonoJa ABCTpifcKarO OT' 1190 roAa: Ruzarii
quocunque tempore vadant (in Russiam), duo talent solvant, et
in reditu ex Ruzia, dimidium talentum, CBHlt'TejbCTBo,
HMtBmee BL BHaIy J'ttCTBHTeJILHo, KaKT MOEHO AyMaTb, KyHqOB'
H8M YropcKol PycH, rpaHHqnHBlmef c 0 o6jiacT)io ABcTpitcKaro
repgoral). Henbsa aR TaiKe H B' aaHHOMs cayqat yno0MHHy-
Tue B'b HameM'b naMHLTHHKi pyccKie 3aMKH CTHTaTL H3AtAIiHMH
YropcKon PycH? B% caMoMb Ant, no saMlqaHilo o0Horo EHcajt-
AOBaTeIa, pyccKie B% XTIT BskKI qacTb CBiHnqa nouyqaH H8s
pyfHHKOBb roporKa PoAHa, B'L HUHIImHeM' BuCTpHIIKOM' oKpyrt,
Ha rpaHHlt TpaHCHXmBasiH H ByKOBHHu, a H3'b TpaHCHsIBaiH
mno TaKme H sen$so 2).
BL AaHHOM'L Clyqaf> MU He MOMKeM'n BH'tt] CBHAteTe I CTBa,
OTHOCHocIarCa K' YropCKoia PycH. IIpemAje Bcero, IInBOUJH-
TenLHo yCOMHUTLCH B'9 TOML, qTo6bl Yrpia Boo06e -6ajia oco6eHHo
6oraTa Bb XIV B'ift Ao6h1qeI me~J3a. IIo KpaflHet Mtpt,
neaaa cnoco6cTBoBaTL pa3BHTih ropHaro A$ta B' ABCTpiH, a
HnTOMy aanpetaag B% 1371 roMAy BB03'or mKenaba H3'b 'exiH H
BaBapiR, repiori Anh6pexT% ABCTpiicitdf He cHITajVn, oqeBHAHo,
Heo6xoAHMIuM'L nPHMtHHTb OTy Mtpy no OTHonieHiho Ka YrpiH 3).
KpoMt Toro, caMbul paKT% BBO3a BH% Pocciro H'KOTopOR IaCTH
TpaHcHJaLBaHCKaro meatBa aBJIaeTCH KOCBeHHUIMr yKa8aHieM% Ha
pasBH~ie KySHe'Haro A.ija Ha PycH H MaJnlf cnpoC' Ha Heo6A,-
jLHHoe mJeJl3o BT' caMoil TpaHcHnLBaHiH.
XOTH pyccKie, KaK r 6Lio Ha BTO yKaaaHo Bslme, noIyqajH
MHoro MeTaJiHqecKHxq' HBAJaif H opyzia HB3 3anua.Hnof EBponUL
H BoCTOKa, HO 9TH SarpaHHIHauI BeIgH 6BJIn, BtpOaJTHO, B'
ynoTpe6aeHiH y KHH8e6f H BLICUIHX'L KIaCCOBs' HaceeJHiH, a
,6oJILmanIa "acT HapoAa npo6aBrnlacb, no 3aMtqaHilO oHoro
yqeHaro, CBOHMH jeji'SHHLMH H'sAnkiaH" 4). Cnpoc- Ha 6oeBue

1) Bec Ty a e B P o MH Pyccxaa HCTopia, T. I, cTp. 261.
2) M. ,l,. X p o B MeTanJJIa, MeTanrarecKia H8MAJ'ri H MHHepaj~
B'h LpeBHel PocciI (Cn6. 1875), cTp. 71.
3) Fer d. Tadr a, Kulturni styky bech s cizinou (V Praze, 1897),
str. 46; Urkundb. d. L. ob d. Enns VIII, 523.
4) ApHCTOBsL, cTp. 116.






57

AOCifxH B% XIII-XIV BtKaxrb Ha PycH 6u Ji CTOahb HaIH-
TeneH'b, 'TO He MOP'L yAOBJeTBOpaTbLC IpHB03HUIMH HI AliaiaMH,
a HeH36efaHO A oameHL 6LIIL BSBaBaTb pasBHTie MtCTHaro ipon3-
BoacTBa 1). MaTepiaJia a erte3Haro p ina 60no AOBOJnHO.
KpoOt ApeBHefi 60JIoTHOt pyHIa YCTIOKHII-M- KenI3HOIOnJIaCKOt,
KpOM' OTKphuTOf HpoMsbmaeeHHUMH HOBropol gaMH Ba XIV BtKi
mean$Hota pyAh B'b HeHOKCl, Ha 6eperax% Btiaro Mops, cymecTBo-
sanH pyhlu I nO oB CeMHo tTHo Ha PycH, a HtKOTOpubIa H3B HHX'
6ubI pa8pa6aThIBaeMu euAe co cKHCKIot nopli. Io 8saMqaHiHO
XMLpoBa, aB$CTie nepBOHaqaJbHOft AtTonMCH, ITO xa3apu
Tpe6oBanH OT'T HOJISHH ASaHI MeqaMH, aBJHaeTCH BecLa npaBAo-
SnoAo6HiM'L, BoupeKH MH'HilO KapaMSHHa H KOCTOMapOBa, TaKL
KaK'b B'b CtBepHOll qaCTH KieBCKOf H BOCTORHOt qaCTH BOJIhH-
CKot ry6epHilt BcTptqaeTca He Mano pyA% 2). 0 3HamqTena HOuM
pasBHTiH xtejkltHOA'nIaTenbHaro npomuca~ a CBHAtTeiibCTByeTL TO
o6cTOaTejiLCTBo, WTO ApeBHftumeiy pyccKOMy aa3Hy H8BItTHM
Ha3BaHia eAI~feBHIX' opyAil, npemfeTOB9 H stH8fai seMjeAt~b-
qecKHX'b: aeMexa, pana, KOCl, cepna; nnoTHHaqHO-TOJrIpHoIuxb:
uHJfbl, AonoTa, csepIa, Tecna; KyBHeq'abIX': HaKOBaJIHH, MOJIOTa,
Keeliet; KyXOHHLIX': KOTJIa, TpeHora HJIH TaraHa, CKOBOpoAu,
lgpiHa (coieBapHaa CKOBopoaa); AoamHaIIro xo3satTBa: Tonopa
HEIH cCKHpu, HOJa H HOHffiHln', sacTyna (OH'b me: porania, MO-
TbKa, JIbKapb), Kocapa, rBOa03, IIIna, yAHoKH, 8aMRa, HeJItak
(iltnetA); opymif: muea, ca6nH, KOUnb (OH'b me: MaylgL, cyaKla,
OooII', coBeHL), poraTnHu, KOHqapu, IrHTa, menoMa (OHn ace
npHni6nga), 6poHH, KOjmiyri, nauopaeft HJH nanepcei (poxi niaw),
iyKa H CTp'PL 3).
TpyAjo cKasaTb, HacKOJIbKO 6uifla npaB ApHCTOB aH H a
qeM' co06CTBeHHO OHL OCHOBLIBaJICH, HOBBOIHAI ce6f BUhCK&8aTL
o pasBHTiH KysHeIHaro Aia Bs KieBt catAyIromee: ,,KyBHegnI

1) Korea Bs 1270 rosy BemAit KHas SH pocJIaBs yrpozanI HoBropoAy,
H nIpHrOHHa cTOpomaH Hpoc3aBJmH Mao He ~o ropomHIIna, H BbIHAoma B e C
rpaA'L BL opyziH, OT M a a H AO Bo JIHRa, KB ropoinaiom".
(HoBropoAcKaa nepBaa jrTOIIHmG, cTp. 62).
2) XM p OB CTp. 12, 32-33, 82.
3) ApHCTOB', cTp. 112-115.






58

pyccide cyImeCTBOBanH B'a KieBt yme BH XII CTOA. H coCTaBJIs
oco6uit KJIaccb MacTepoBUX'b; OHH HMtI KysHMY X OKOnO ropoA-
CKaHX' BOpOT'b, KotOpha nUOOTOMy HH HaSBBaJIHb Ky8HeHHMH" 1),
HO CyigecTBOBaHie Bi Ty noy KysaHeOBa B'L KypCK1 3aacBHsA-
TeAJCTBOBaHO HamHAH HCTOTHHKaMH: MaTb CB. Oeo;0ociH Ileqep-
CKaro npHKaaaia saxOBaTL ChHa B3 menjia 2), a caML GeoAocift
,meM K'R eA~HHOMy OT'L Ky8Hegb H noBeji eMy Jteu0ao c9i-
qenaTo CKOBaTH, Hie B3eML npenoaca HMb no qpecnaxL
CBOHX'L" 8). 3Haaie KyaHetqaro Auia 6uio Taxi% pacnpocTpaHeHo
Ha PyCH, HTO 3a H8AffJie eJI1en tBX'b BeIeft 6paKncb HHorAa
IOHW, He saHHMaBmieca cHneianbLHO MacTepCTBOML. TaKb, Haup.,
npenoxoA6Hhir HecTop cai Atjiajni sacTyna ani pacKonKK MO-
rshJ CB. OeoAociiR: ,,A3a me npHCTponHX ceMb AHH poranua,
H~ae KonaTRH" 4).
TO KacaeTCH B'L 9HaqTOCTH 3aMKOB'L, TO OHH 6blIH B'I
xoly Ha PycH c ApeBHax' BpeMen '. B% 1169 roiy OeAopewi
Beatw' ,,iepKBH BCH BojoAHMHp. aaTBOPHTH H KJIIOqk iep-
KOBbHLIH B3H" 5). CBHTOCIaB"b BceBoj OABHH' B'b BumropoAt
,,upHAe KO OTHH rpo6HHgH, H XOT' BHHTH no o6hbaio; UOHOBH
ate oThieAno C'b KaroqeMb" 6).
Ilo croBaMrb o0Horo cneIiarHCTa, ,enjItaHoe A fo Ha PycH
XIV BtKa, cpaBHIITeJIHo c' npemHHMm, pacmHpaoob... a
canoe MacTepCTBO eTO Ba' TeqeHie XIV sKMa BHaHTeJIbHO yjiyqmH-
JIOCb OT% BsnisiHa TaTapCKaro, KOTOpoe, pacmnHpHB pyccKoe Boopy-
menie Toro BpeMeHH, coo6mfHIo npeAmeTaMb ero aySmiyio CTeneHb
OTArKH 7).
Tenepb HaM' ocTaeTca B uHCHHTI, KaKHMb o6paaoua MoraH
nonacTb pyccair MeTaJIJIHecKii H83A iI B% HajieKyio cpaBHI-

1) ApHCTOBL, cTp. 116.
2) X M po B, CTp. 51; H JIapB T (enine. XapLboB.), JCTie
npenoA. oTia Hamero, HryMeHa neiepcRaro, OeoAocia (Ym. 3anHCKH HMn.
AK. HayK no II. OTI., 1856, KH. II, OTA. III, cTp. 134).
3) ApHCTOBa cTp. 116, npHM. 362.
4) JITTonncb no HuaTcKOMy CUenKy, CTp. 147
5) Tan Ze, CTp. 377.
6) TaM~ me, cTp. 457.
7) XMupOB%, cTp. 83.






59

TeJIbH 'eexiio. YiasaHie Ha DTO MO0EHO HnaTH BW TIX% CB'eL'-
mHiax' o qemICKo-pyccKHx'k ToproBbiXl H KyJIbTypHbIX' CHOIIIe-
HiaX'b, KOTOPUMH ub pacuonaraeMb, HeCMOTPH Ha OTphIBOoIHOCTb
H CKyAOCTL HaiL[HX' HCTO'IHHKOB'%.
CpeAH MHoroqHCJIeHHhIX'b 2RH Bjia-mipa CBJTaro 6ija
qemKa, OTn 6paKa C' KOTopof KHSIBL HMtJ$ cubHa Bumec~aBa,
KHaIIHBUaPO HtKOTopoe BpeMa B' HoBropoat 1). 'aCT14I~h
MomeOf cs. BopHca H Fan6a HaxoAHAnCL nocat 1071 roaa Ba
qemcKOM'b Ca3aBCKOMb MOHaCTupt, KOTOpUft 6bun, noBHJUMOMy,
Bb HeupepUhBHH xb CHoIeHiHx'L c' pyccKof camaBHHCKOft repKOBbIo.
B% 1148 roAy, nup BOBBpameHiH H3la KpecTosaro noxoxa, no
iepHOMy MopIo H ,H4npy, Kopo b qemcKit BjaiAc1aBa% noc'ITHJ%'
RieB'; BAtcb ero npHHHMaaI'b H yIromaa.i KIieBCKif KHHSb HSIH-
cJaaB II. B-' rpaMoTt nanum HHoOKeHTia IV yIOMHHaeTC$f o60%
oTnpasBeHie2 BL 1246 roAy, no meJIaHiro pyccKaro KHaaa, ABy'Lx
AoMHHHKaHCKHX'L MOHaXOBb. 3HaMeHHTblA qeeICKif KOpOOLb OT-
ToKapL II 6b jni meHaTb Ha RyHryTt, AoqepH pyccKaro KHaaa
PocTHCiaBa 2).
IIpHBOASH TH HH'RTOMEHUII aHHhfl 0 qeMICKo-pyCCKHXI' CHOlle-
HiHxt, Ma y6taYeHa Bs TOM b, HTO A1 .l npaBHJibHaro cyAeHiR o6'f
HHTeHCHBHOCTIH HXt BCerAa HymHO IHMtT B' BHAY CKIYAOCTb H1a-
IIIHX1a HCTOqHHKOB'I. BL CaMOM'% AJJl, npHHHMmH B BBHHMaHie
nopanTejnbHoe CXOACTBO H'KOTpX'b pyccYCCKHX% qeJICKHX' Ha-
POAHauX'L nHceHL, a paBHo H TO o6CToaTeJICTBo, RTO CJIaBfHCKiH
mHTia TaKHIxb eIHIEICKHX CBITLIX'L, KRaK IoaHH'L, JiOAMHjIa, Baui-
jaBs, coxpaHHjHCL TOhLKO B' pyccKIXa CnIICKaXb 3), MOHO
upHATH KL y6t tAeailo, 'TO Bt CpeAHeBIKOByIO Inopy noj1epMasHBajHCb
KHBLI H HeupepbBHh1a KYJibTypHha cHOmeHie Mem6ay Pycbio A
Mexiet. B'% acTHOCTH HMI'OTCas TaKme yKa3aHiH H Ha Top-
roBua CHonieHim. 10o CBH LATeJILTBy HcHaHcKaro eBpea, H6parmMa

1) HjIoBnaAcKi HcTOpia PocciH (MocKBa 1876), T. I, CTp. 75-76.
2) F or d. T adr a, Kulturni styky, str. 119-150. 065b yqacTiH aauiHaa
PoMaHOBHqa FaanHnaro Bbr Bo0nHax neeHrpOBb c's nexaMH CM. H. L am K e-
B H 'i a, KHsaaeHie ,auiHmIa ranimicaro (KieB 1873), CTp. 98-102.
3) A. H. 51 H H C i IIaeHie aeMcKaro CTpoS BTI 'qeImcOM'I rocy-
AapCTBt (KieBTw, 1895), cTp. 10-12.






60

H6H%-flKy6a, coBepmHBmaro OKono 965 roAa IlyTemecTBie no
8anatAHO cJIaBHCKHM'L 3eMJIsHMb, ropoTb IIpara OTCTOHNJI OT%
IpaKOBa Ha paacToaHni Tpexl HeAIbh nyTH H, npeACTaBJia
HaH6oj0Io e TOprOBba ropoA Bs' cJIaBHHCKOM'. Mipt, 6huIL ycepJHO
noctmlaeu nA pyccKHMH KynIaMH. B'b nlCbMt KoponeBU KHyH-
ryTb, cynpyrH KopOja OTTOKapa II, ynoMHHaeTca o AtJl
KaKoro-To OnaBcKaro KynIa, KOTOPuLI OKOio 1270 roja noa-
Beprca orpa6jenieo Bs Fanasq'. B, 1350 roAy qemcKie Kynibu
mKajiOBaHCb HmuepaTopy Kapay IV Ha KpaKOBCKHX% MhILaRH'L,
KOTOpue, BonpeKH apeBHeMy o6uqaio, 9MHHa2H M'L saTpynHeHni
Brs TOprPOBJl c' Pycb)o H IIpyccief, Tpe6ya ynJaTUI KaKHx'-To
HOBhlX'b MblT' H IIOUJIHH' H uperpamElafa HM BB0MOKHOCTL IOJIs30-
BaTbIc ToprOBUIMH nIyTHMH, KR HBHOMy HXr6 BpeAy H C'b Hapyme-
HieMn HMnepcKHX'% npaB%. HaKoHeIqab, ecTL yKaaaHie Ha TO, oTO
qemcKie Kynqlu npiaKtajki B'i ropOAa Pmry H PeBeah, cocToasmie
B'L TOpronJI Crb HamnIII pyccKHMH pecny6JniKaM, IICKOBOMr H
HoBropoAouM 1).
*

Ha ocHOBaHiH BcerO Bubme aoHBoeHHaro, Mh lHOBOJIaeM'L ce6t
yTBepaKAaTL, 'TO pyccKie BaMKH, a TaKme, MOmeT'L 6LiTb, H Lpyris
MeTaainqecKia mHSajiif 6winH oTnpasBJIeMu BsEb qexiIo H HaxOAHIn
TaM'b c6uhIT B'I XIV-XV BsKaxb. KaRKa HH ManOBameniH C'
nepBaro BBarnaa OTMtqeHHh6I f HaMH IaKT%, OH'T BCe-TaKH IIO4HJ-
HaeT'L Hamie npeacTaBJIeHie o ApeBnepyccKoII npoMumjeHHOCTH
a yBejiHIqHaeT'b cyMMy Hallam'l CBWAtHi 0O KyJIbTypHOR B3aHM-
HOCTH CJIaB3HCKHX' HapOAO'b.
A. HICHHCifi.

1) Ferd. Tadra, str. 41.
















JlyiKlN ie Cepdib (JlyikNaiie).

(Ha'b IInyTeBhaIX 3aM'&TOKN aTOM' 1897 roga).

JIyaHIUie Cep6uh HA J 1ymtHaHe UpeacTaBJnalOTrb co6oio, B~
BLicnmeft CTeneHH HHTepecHlft OCTaTOK% HtKorAa 6ojie MHorO-
qHacjeHHar o CHaBHHCKaO HapoAa ctBepo-3anaflHot BtTBH. 3aHH-
Maa Bh CTapHHy o6mI1pH aH eMJIH Meivly Canola, qemncKHM
AtcoMb, OepoM- H ero npiTOKaMi4, JIyaHIKie Cep6u B% Ha-
cToamI.ee BpeMa RHByT% num iHu BI% HtKOTopux% ropoAaxL, Mt-
cTe'Kax 14 cejieHiax' BpaHaeH6yprcxKOf H CHie3cKof npo-
BHHif IIpyccill B'a CaKCoHiH. COOTBTTCTBeHHO TeqeHil
rJaBHauxr repMaHCKHx'i ptK, cb riora Ha ctBepb, JIymHtaHe
(Lausitz) B% reorpadp4qecKoM' OTHOmeHiH pa3saintJOTCH Ha aBt
qacTH ,,HHMHHX'" (Niederlausitz) H ,BepxrHHxr" (Oberlausitz):
nepBue- B' IpoBHHIisin BpaHAeH6yprcKoi, BTOpeb BTr npOBHHIin
CHJIescKoi H Br% CaKCOHiH. lljioIaAL, 3aHHMaeMaa JIyaHq'aHaMH,
paBHSeTCH B' 06 o6eML, 12,789 KB. KHJI., npH 'leM%, Ha ,HHZHHHXb"
JIy;KnaHrb npHxoOAHT4T 6840 KB. KHJI., a Ha ,BepxHHXbl" 5939
(B'r Cnes.i1. 3469 H B% CaKCOHiH 2470). Bcero cep6o-jy-
ioiKaro HaceaeHia cq4TaeTca OK. 170,000 sej., Mem~y KOTOPUM
,HHKHX%" JIymHqaH'b OK. 70,000, a ,BepxHRx'" OK. 100,000
(Ba CO esiai 38,000 H Bs CaKcoHin 60,000). ,BepxHie" JIy-
HqaHe npoTecTaHThI, 8a HCKJoqeHieM1 r 10,000 KaTOJIHKOB%;
,,HHaHHie" BCft upoTeCTaHTuI 6eaL RcKJIloqeHia, ecaH He npHHHMaTh
B' pacqeTr% eOHHHtIHlX% cJiyxlaeB%.
HaH6oate aHa'Il4TeJnbH6e ropoAa H MtCTeOKH, B% KOTOPLIX'r
MHByTb ,,HHKHie" JIyif9qaHe m116HeB% (Lfibbenau), Xoqe6yc%








(Cottbus), BeTetmo1B (Wetschau), rpoAeKt (Spremberg); Ho TyTr
OHH nepeMtulaHu c', HtMeIKHiM' HaceJeHieM,, ,aa H CaMH y;e
HaCTOJIbKO OHtMe9IHIHCb, qTO HtMeIlKii HaIK'% CJIhlllHTCH BI,
3THXtb MtCTaX'L aiue JyKmEKHKo-cep6cKiar; 60oite qacToe cJia-
BHHaKoe HaceneHie Ba B epeBHaxl' BopKOBb (Burg), Jlme (Leipe)
H .Jp. ; H3' ropoaIOB'a, JiemaauHx'b o6jiaCTH ,BepxHax'b" JIyatH-
qaHIi, HyTKHO Ha3BaTh Bee 6oane H 6Goate CTaHOBsailifcaI HtMeIAKHM
Crop1ijnei, (Gorlitz) a ByAHunm H (Bautzen), neHTP'b TenepemllHef
cep6o-jaymKHLKoo HHTeJiiHreHTHot, yqeHofI H J1HTepaTypHol MIM3HH.
T. o., co6cTBeHHo HapoAHHyIO a~H3Hb, B% 6oJbIIIel HJIH MeHbIuime
ea HenpHKOCHOBeHHOCTH H IH(CTOTt (rOBOpH, KOHeqHO, OTHOCH-
TeabHO), MOKHO IHaflT Bra AepeaHaxL H1 cenaxr HHmuHeft JlymKnII
(aB upOBHHLaii BpaHAeH6yprcKoif), a cJI;tu H peayabTaThI yM-
CTBeHHOf EKM3HH B' HapOAHOM'b HanpaBJIeHi BL ByAmnimmt. Ha
sTI4X% AByX' nyIHKTia, a H OCTaHOBJIIOCb no npeHMylrecTBy BYb
HaCcToaineM% Moe' paacKaas, IIpeABapHB' ero HtKOTopuIMH He-
o6XOaHMbIMH KpaTKIHM HCTOpHIqeCKHMH 3aM.tqaHiHMH.
Paatjiaach Ha MHOPOqHCJeHHhIH MejiKia IiJeMeHa (MHranaHe,
JIyKiH'qaHe H ap.), JIymHqKie Cep6u, He HMtBuie Memiay co6oro
KptUHKOf IIOJInTH'IecKoi opraHHi3aIq, y;Re co BpeMeH b Kapaa
BejiHKaro, BMiCTt CI njieMenaMII HUnH sBaMepmaro BaJITiIcKaro
aM Ioia6cKaro CJIaBJHCTBa, CTaJIH HOABepraTbCh HaTHCKy HhtMIeB%,
npH HeM% nocTeueHHo, OAHO nHJeM 3a apyrHM%, ycTyiinan 6ojte
canbHOMy Bpary H TepaHJH CBOl naeMeHHyIO CaMOCTORTeJILHOCTb,
TaKL qTO KI XI-My BRKy yme He 6uI.10 HH OHOPO H8'3' HHXb, He
no lHeHHaro HtMelKOMy BJaa.lUqeCTBy. IIpH OTHIX norpoMaxX
BJacTT Ha'L% II4fHKHiMH Cep6aMH TO IocTaBaJach pasBHtrMb ieo-
AajibHhMrb BaaAlBTennM' (rpadaMa MeftcceHcKOMy H BpaHAeH6ypr-
CeOMy), TO nepexoainja B' pyKH IIOJIHKOB'L, 'IXOB%' H caKCOHqIeB',
noKa HaKOHerbl, nocjit TpHaiuaTH rITHel BOAHIH, HapOAIHOCThb Ta
He 6u a pa3 gtaeHa Mexmty CaKCOHiei H IpyccieI, B7 KaKOBOMb
nojomeHiH (HO Ci BamtHuM H3MI'HeHieM',, no pineHilo BtHCKaro
KOHrpecca 1815 roxa), oHa HaxoAi4TCHI B% HaCTOalIee BpeMa.
BechMa ecTeCTseHHO, qTO paHHee anmeHie noEIHTHqecKoft
CBo60oib I OBJ[eKJO sa C060o1 H paHHee ocJa6aenie HapoAuoTM,




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs