Front Cover
 Front Matter

Title: Florida engineer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076208/00030
 Material Information
Title: Florida engineer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 29-31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: College of Engineering, University of Florida
University of Florida -- College of Engineering
Publisher: Published by the students of the University of Florida, College of Engineering,
Published by the students of the University of Florida, College of Engineering
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: Fall 2009
Frequency: 4 no. a year, during the school year
normalized irregular
Subject: Engineering -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began publication with vol. 1 in 1950?
General Note: Description based on: vol. 18, no. 1, Oct. 1967; title from masthead.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076208
Volume ID: VID00030
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01387238
lccn - 66008964


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Table of Contents
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The 23-county three-university Florida
High Tech Corridor initiative is putting
the state on the U.S.'s pedestal of innova-
tion. And UF researchers have secured a
spot as a crucial part of the enterprise.
There wasn't a ritual sacrifice of pocket
protectors and TI-89 calculators to the
Gods of Engineering for this inspired
idea, it was much more simple. Art stu-
dents teamed with freshmen engineers
on a mission to create aesthetically
pleasing and functional VOC detectors.

30 100 YEARS AND
A century of revolution is not easy to
ignore. Besides, who would want to?
Follow your engineering roots
as they wind through io decades of
innovation. More than 50,ooo engineers
are a part of the Gator Engineering
Nation, including you.



ltr1nff canary wasi~

one of siroet


Dean CammyAbernathy moved into 300 Weil Hall
in August. Naturally, the column name still fits.
Where wickedly cool meets the intentionally brief, albeit
delightful morsels of engineering engagement.
See what your old classmates are up too and submit your
own engineer update.
Harris Corp. President and CEO Howard Lance shares
his vision for Gator Engineering.
A few shared thoughts and words from the FE editor.


From Gator
graduate students who will change the way our world looks and operates to a juiced-up
Gator engineered computer that reigns as the fastest in the world.




Cammy R. Abernathy

er in NYC, a former science teacher & ethnomusi-
cologist who taught astronomy in Massachusetts,
played jazz piano in Manhattan & drummed for
animal sacrifice in Ghana, his work appears in The
New York Times, The Economist, Wired and Tech-


a gator and grew up on campus in Diamond Vil-
lage. Later, she returned to UF to study chemical
engineering. She is an assistant editor at Dis-
cover magazine in New York. Most recently, she
went hunting for dinosaurs, Jurassic park style.

ALISSON CLARK is a UF alum whose
work appears in FLORIDA, FamilyFun, mental
floss and People. After working as a feature writer
and columnist, she spent five years as a stay-at-
home mom before barging back onto the journal-
ism scene as an editor of Gainesville Magazine. She's
now a freelance writer. ALISSONCLARK.WEBS.COM

JOHN CROWLEY when he's not im-
mersed in technology working as a news producer
with the Yahoo! Front Page team, he's report-
ing on tech trends in Silicon Valley. The 20-year
veteran journalist considers Walter Cronkite his
greatest professional influence, yet is partial to
Stephen Colbert.

Megan E. Gales

Nicole Cisneros McKeen

EmDash LLC

John Dunne

Mike Foley,
Joseph Hartman, Meg Hendryx,
Aaron Hoover, Mark Law, Angela Lindner,
David Norton, Liesl O'Dell,
Paul Pegher, Mark Poulalion, Erik Sander,
Wolfgang Sigmund, Ted Spiker

The Florida Engineer is published by the
University of Florida College of Engineering, keeping alumni,
students and friends of the College connected with
Gator Engineering by reporting on issues relevant and timely to
the field of engineering and the University.

Nicole Cisneros McKeen

University of Florida
349 Weil Hall, P.O. Box 116550
Gainesville, Fl, 32611-6550
p. 352.392.0984 f 352.392.9673

WAYNE GARCIA is a 25-year vet-
eran of Florida journalism and politics, as a
newspaper reporter, political consultant, edu-
cator and award-winning online journalist. He
is spending the next year on the UF campus as
a visiting lecturer in the College of Journalism
and Communications.

2 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

year fine art student at UF and a business owner
specializing in natural light portraiture. When
she's not in the darkroom (yes, she still uses a
darkroom) she can be found cooking or running
rampant through Payne's Prairie. WAKINGHOUR-

The Florida Engineer is a member of
The Florida Magazine Association and CASE,
the Council for the Advancement
and Support of Education.


Preventable Maintaince
In your article "The Big Fix: Engineering's Role in Repairing America's Broken
Healthcare System" by Donya Currie, it fails to mention a very big, and prob-
ably the most important part of the health care system, and that is public health
and preventive medicine. Although your section titled "Prevention, the best
prescription" it still does not focus on prevention. By the time patients reach
the hospital, we are most likely talking about improving the most expensive
part of health care. To decrease that expense and prevent people from going to
the hospital in which a specialist is needed, more effort and money are needed
in public health. Unfortunately, very few engineers go into public health. I just
happen to be one of them.

B. S ISE '2, Deputy Director of the Preparedness Modeling Unit at the CDC

Coffee-Table Worthy
I wanted to let you know that the
magazine has been fantastic recently.
I actually take the time to sit down
and read it from cover to cover now-
even the covers and graphics seem so
great! Excellent job!

PE., BSCE (99), MEEES (08)


pikanr r ViW

Nice Girls Finish Last?
While I was at first pleased to see an
article in "The Florida Engineer" on
the plateau of women engineers in the
field of engineering, I was very disap-
pointed that the four factors noted in

the article as the cause of the plateau
were not based on research. It is well
documented that once in the field of
engineering, women face a different
and often more challenging environ-
ment than their male colleagues.
Research into this area (National
Academy of Sciences, National Science
Foundation, National Research Coun-
cil) has shown the technology playing
field is still not level for women who
choose careers in engineering and the
hard sciences: "The reality is there are

barriers that women face," said Kath-
leen S. Matthews, the dean of natural
sciences at Rice, ... "There are circles
and communities of engagement where
women are by and large not included."
Worse yet, the third factor cited
actually blames the women already
in the field as a cause of the plateau.
"Women who had bad experiences...."
discourage their junior counterparts.
Speaking openly about existing condi-
tions (even if it discourages young
engineers) should not be framed as a
cause of the problem but as a healthy
way to shine light on the problem and
bring it into the open where it can
be resolved.
As a woman with a successful 25-
plus year career in engineering, I will
not stop talking about my experiences
as a woman in that field until those
experiences stop limiting my ability
to perform at my potential simply
because I am a woman. If you are
going to publish on the subject, please
do not sugar coat the topic but base it
on research. Only when the engineer-
ing community is willing to come to
terms with the reality of the engineer-
ing environment is the number
of women in engineering going to
grow significantly.

M.S. CHE '8

Plugged In
I am writing to commend you on your
Summer 2009 issue of "The Florida
Engineer". It's a joy to see you and
your team put out such a quality pub-
lication. I was particularly impressed
with the quality of the layout, pictures
and other illustrations used in the
articles. You succeeded in giving the
issue a high-quality "Wired" type of
feel. Keep up the good work!

B.S. MAE '04


We welcomeyour
comments, suggestions
and ideas. We reserve
the right to publish
any submission to the
FE. While we will do
our best to keepyour
submission intact, we
may editor length,
style and clarity.

You may have noticed THE FLORIDA ENGINEER has a different look, a
new energy, if you will. This look isn't only skin deep. We've also redefined
the content. It's important to address issues significant not only to the Gator
Engineering community, but to the entire engineering community. The com-
ments have been good, but sparse. Don't be shy, this is YOUR magazine.
Tell us what you think, what you love, what you loath, what you want... just tell
us: letters@eng.ufl.edu -THE FLORIDA ENGINEER STAFF


BY THE NUMBERS CammyAbernathy

Listng Dan Aernahy'sDEGRES
accomlishents ouldtake ARNE

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frakl, isingeah ouna

publicationMIM sh onrbue

to wold mae th engieer'

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vitae~~~2 mapin th aerpt A -(SO COE 09
that~~~~W hepdpt htnw iea

4 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu


i H

from 300

Weil Hall

NJ., was a long multi-story
building full of some of the
world's most creative and
dedicated scientists and re-
searchers. It was Bell Labs, arguably the
capitol of communications R&D in its
heyday. Innovations as ubiquitous as the
transistor, the laser, information theory,
the UNIX, and the C programming lan-
guage trace their roots back to Ma Bell. I
was 27 when I was fortunate to land a job
there as a member of technical staff. The
ink on my Ph.D. diploma was still wet,
and my hair was still brown.
It was at Bell Labs that I learned
one of the most profound lessons of
my professional life: No engineer is
an island. There I was part of a larger
team. People weren't labeled as materi-
als engineers, electrical engineers or
mechanical engineers. Instead, we
focused on making a difference, on
having impact. And without labels,
there were no intellectual limits.
The most successful engineers im-
merse themselves in the lives of the

people around them, finding ways to
make life better for everyone. They
spend their careers in the service of
others, solving practical problems and
meeting tangible needs. Their passion
for people motivates them to do the
unexpected and attain the impossible.
The best engineers the ones truly
destined to make a difference re-
flexively reach beyond cultural, tempo-
ral and disciplinary boundaries. They
understand that isolationism is a death
sentence to creativity, but embracing
differences cultivates innovation.
At the University of Florida College
of Engineering, this is the kind of cul-
ture we wish to encourage, one which
allows us to create new interdisciplinary
programs attacking problems from a
variety of perspectives. Because of our
people and our broad array of research
initiatives, our college has the opportu-
nity to be a leader in this approach and
capitalize on advances in areas like in-
formation technology, nanotechnology,
and computational science to address
the myriad of problems facing society.
Howwillwe ensure the availability of
high quality, affordable health care?
What will we do to address the nation's
need for energy in an environmentally
friendly manner? When and how will
we rebuild the nation's infrastructure?
We must shed our labels and remem-
ber instead that the true mission of an
engineer is simply to help people.
The days ahead of us are rich with
possibility. As I unpack boxes in an
office that has been occupied by all
but two of the College's deans, I am
reminded of our heritage of innova-
tion, and energized to think of the days
ahead of us. Once again with hair
much grayer this time I find myself
immersed in a hub of creative thought.
Our country depends more then ever on
the R&D performed in our universities.
Gator Engineering is ready to meet this
need for the exciting years to come.


Cammy Abernathy




-aI ~i

6 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

Shortly before midnight on June 2,1965,
Houston had a problem. On that night -
the night before the first space launch from
the Kennedy Space Center in Florida but
controlled completely from the Johnson Space
Center in Texas a faulty relay station brought
down the communications line NASA rented
for the occasion. Gator Engineering came to
the rescue. BY MEGAN GALES

Arizona inJuly 1963 to become dean afterJoseph
Weil retired. Florida's space and technology indus-
try was booming, and to keep up, companies were
eager to provide employees with graduate educa-
tion. As a result, the state legislature called on UF to create a
branch engineering school to serve East Central Florida.
Martin spent six months searching for a location, racking
up i8,ooo miles on his new beige Pontiac and flying i,ooo
more miles. "Everyone from Daytona Beach to Melbourne
wanted a branch school and needed one," Martin said in a
1964 "Gainesville Sun" article.
Martin's aha! moment came during dinner with an engineer
friend. The solution was television. He devised the Graduate
Engineering Education System, or GENESYS. More interac-
tive than the competition, it used televisions and telephones
to extend the classroom in real time to seven sites statewide.
Classrooms had 23-inch TVs that could receive any channel.
Audio could come from radios, telephones, microphones,
phonographs or cable. Instead of raising a hand to ask a ques-
tion, students pressed a button on a telephone, which
triggered a light in the instructor's location.
Approved inJanuary 1964, GENESYS officially opened in
June 1965, days before NASA's middle-of-the-night appeal
for help to program directorJohn Hummer. NASA took
what it needed from UF's early experiment in distance edu-
cation, allowing Texas to make countdown for the launch in
Florida. Gator Engineering helped fix the communication
malfunction and the mission at stake, and Gemini IV made
historywith the first U.S. space walk.
GENESYS eventually led to the modern-day UF EDGE
program, which delivers course content entirely online.
Students from all over the world even military pilots
in Afghanistan earn graduate degrees and certificates
without visiting Gainesville. With a record i,ooo course
enrollments, the program remains a popular continuing
education tool for companies. o

A aiesile tuen fics hetee



Ca' ge enug and upats Check **

8 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu



I, .'LA supercomputer named Novo-G,
S I described by its lead designer as likely the most
powerful computer of its kind in the world
Became operational at UF. BY AARON HOOVER

iI ovo-G gets part of its name from the Latin term
for "make anew, change, alter," and the next
part from "G" for "genesis." A reconfigurable
computer, it can rearrange its internal circuitry
SV to suit the task at hand. Applications range
From space satellites to research supercomputers any-
where size, energy and high speed are important, said Alan
| George, professor of electrical and computer engineering
and director of UF's National Science Foundation Center for
High-Performance Reconfigurable Computing.
STraditional computers use so-called "fixed logic devices"
.. to perform a large variety of tasks. But this jack-of-all-trades
approach requires a substantial amount of overhead in space
W and energy, no matter what work needs to be done. On the
*' i other hand, special-purpose computers can be built to per-
I' ? form certain tasks very well but are not flexible.
i' ,. George says reconfigurable computers make the best of

i i t is very powerful

S i techno ogy, but it is

.i techno ogy and we

S' u accessib e by experts.

both worlds. That is because they can rearrange their inter-
nal circuitry like Lego blocks, creating the most appropriate
architecture for each assignment. As a result, a reconfigu-
rable computer can be from io to ioo times faster than other
computers its size while using five to io times less energy.
Reconfigurable computers remain at the research stage
and are not easy to use. One of the main goals of the NSF
ft, ICenter is to pioneer techniques to make reconfigurable
computers more accessible."It is very powerful technology,
but it is also very complicated technology," George said.
.I *"We don't want this important technology to be accessible
*; ,only to experts."
Si UF has three partner universities in its reconfigurable
I computing center Brigham Young University, George
I' I ' '1 Washington University and Virginia Tech as well as
S' I about 30 involved industry and government agencies. o

I hese enr3,ineerrg jgra.lLate students ha e the -,r,,.le to .
e a difference in :.Lir I .e t frl,, ,leat,,, .tl, je l space ia1ter als
com pute, r,,,elirg gene net,.., t,: ,-al- i j s, e tl- I-I -..:, It
,,,nt ies ha e :leain ...ate GATOR ENGINEERING
has ,e I, I ,: I l:, ,: I BY ALISSON CLARK













love WHYWE'RE WATCHING: "We know
the sequence of the human genome, but
Ming up we have no clue what to do with it," says
Taylor, a fifth-year doctoral candidate.
JIth new Her bid to solve that problem lies in
roaches dynamic computer modeling of human
gene networks.
to a "Gene networks are how we work
problem. it's what makes us what we are. If
Swe can understand them, we have the
ThereS power to cure every disease known to
iny that man. This is the last missing piece of the
Ing at puzzle the future of genetic research."
m pares Taylor teases out those interac-
Stions with simulations, focusing on a
to the pathway scientists have nicknamed
e ing of "Sonic Hedgehog" after the popular
video game. That network governs
the 'aha neural development in utero, but also
impacts brain health throughout our
moment. lives, so unlocking the secrets of Sonic
t's what Hedgehog could lead to cures for birth
defects, Alzheimer's and brain injuries.
keepS The same pathway also has implications
spelling in skin cancer.
WHAT'S NEXT: Taylor hopes to post
to work an open-source model of Sonic Hedge-
hog online within six months. Her larg-
on new er goal, however, is to develop methods
oblems." of uncovering network interactions that
can be applied to any gene network in
VE MYERS the body. She hopes the site will launch
an online community where researchers
post models for others to download and
use. "I want to bring these computer
models to the biological community in
a way that's accessible to people with
different backgrounds," she says.
professor William Ogle, Taylor's
supervisor in the McKnight Brain
Institute biomedical engineering lab
says "Her computational modeling
has already changed the way we think
about a type of cellular signaling."


undergrad at UF, the 23-year-old from
Winter Park learned a statistic that
haunted him: Worldwide, 25,000
people die each day from water-
related diseases. He vowed to use his
engineering degree to help develop-
ing countries, but it wasn't until this
summer he realized he already had
the skills to make a difference. "I
started out at UF as a chemistry and
math double major, but I realized
what I was doing was theory, not
problem-solving. It wasn't as applied
as I wanted," Micocci says. "I was
attracted to civil engineering because
I could see it everywhere around me.
It's hands-on."
While in Kenya on a church trip,
Micocci worked with local water-man-
agement officials to design, plan and
contract a well in the drought-stricken
Naivasha region. He's now leading
an effort at First United Methodist
Church of Winter Park to raise the
$16,ooo needed to complete the work.
WHAT'S NEXT: After he graduates in
December, Micocci hopes to go back
to Kenya to oversee the implementa-
tion of the well. He'll return to Florida
to work, but plans to continue giving
his time and talent to help with third-
world water issues.
ate professor Chick Glagola, who has
known Micocci for two years, says it's
not just Micocci's philanthropy that
sets him apart.
"What I tell my students is that
the variable that's most uncontrol-
lable is people. He's very outgoing,
very friendly, and also very results-
driven. That combination gives him
the innate qualities to be a success,"
Glagola says.


student from Central China caught the
attention of the Georgia Institute of
Technology and Sandia National Labora-
tories with simulation tools functioning
on atomic, nano and microscopic scales.
While existing multiscale technology
cobbles together separate simulations,
Xiong's concurrent simulation would
pave the way for faster, more streamlined
materials development. "So many phe-
nomena cannot be explained by single-
scale simulation. They are fundamentally
multi-scaled," Xiong says.
WHAT'S N EXT: With a unified-scale
simulation reliably predicting the
performance of a material, researchers
can develop targeted materials faster and
cheaper. "When engineers study fracture
and plasticity, the traditional approach
is to establish fracture mechanics only
at the microscopic level. With this tech-
nology, we can see atoms' motion and
separation, develop new theories, create
stronger alloys. For aerospace, we can de-
sign materials and know they will be able
to sustain high temperature and pressure
at the micro, nano and atomic level. This
will solve fundamental problems for
engineers, whether they're designing a
car or a space shuttle," he says. Biomedi-
cal engineering also benefits. Biological
matter is particularly hard to explain in
single-scale. No man-made material is as
strong as human bone and nobody knows
why. Ifwe understand the mechanisms
of bones from simulation, we can make a
material that mimics them, he said.
professor Youping Chen nominated him
for MAE's 2009 Grad Student of the
Year (he won), she pointed to his perfect
scores on UF's qualifying exam, 12 journal
papers, io conference presentations and
five upcoming manuscripts.

10 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu




three years as a manufacturing engineer
at a Volvo construction-equipment fac-
tory in South Korea. When the company
wanted to produce a new excavator, it
was poised to spend billions on a new
machine shop until Kim came up with
away to modify the existing machinery.
"It wasn't my job directly, but I went
down to the shop floor and saw the
current machine could be modified to ac-
commodate the new model- it was really
simple," he said. Kim decided to go back
to school. "Theywere very sad, but I told
my manager,'I need to study more.'"
Upon his arrival at UF, Kim set to
work turning what his adviser, associate
professor Tony Schmitz, calls a "back-of-
the-envelope sketch" for a new type of
displacement-measuring interferometer
into reality. His new model, which he
finished in less than year, eliminates
periodic error by using acousto-optical
modulators instead of a polarizing beam
splitter. Eliminating periodic error could
be critical for applications from bio-
medical engineering to semiconductor
fabrication. "Many applications will need
more precise measurements. This model
can do that," he says.
WHAT'S NEXT: In his finalyear in
the Ph.D. program, Kim continues to
hone his prototype, in order to bring
the technology to market. He hopes to
continue his research and mentoring
(he supervises two master's students)
as a professor.
WORD FROM THE LAB: Associate pro-
fessor Tony Schmitz says Kim works with
MAE's Korean Student Assoc. to help
new graduate and undergraduate students
find housing, choose courses and navigate
the maze of paperwork international
students face. He says Kim is "diligent,
intelligent and humble."

Ph.D. student, is working to improve
boron-carbide armor, used in tanks,
aircraft and body armor. Ghosh looks
at why the strong, lightweight ceramic
armor offers less protection against
projectiles moving at high velocity.
"The weakness at high velocity
reduces the effectiveness of the armor,
but no one knows why it happens.
By using microscopic technology to
capture the mechanism, I hope I can
improve our understanding," he says.
"Once you know why it happens, you
can find out how to prevent it."
WHAT'S NEXT: In addition to his work
with boron carbide, which has attracted
the attention of the U.S. Army, Ghosh
also works with ultra high-temperature
ceramics that can handle the toughest
aerospace applications, such as nose
cones and leading edges. As the current
space shuttle fleet moves toward retire-
ment, Ghosh is optimistic that his work
could help identify better materials for
the next generation of spacecraft.
"The materials used in the space
shuttle are not very strong, and they have
poor oxidation protection. This research
could help determine what can be used in
future space shuttles," he says. "Whether
it is armor or nose cones, a weakness or
small crack can lead to catastrophic fail-
ure. The fundamentals are very impor-
tant to understand."
Millsaps Professor Ghatu Subhash,
Ghosh's adviser, says "He is a quick
learner who is not afraid to probe
into complex physics and chemistry
of materials. He is undoubtedly the
best student I have advised in terms
of research quality, dedication to the
given task, work ethic and number of
high-quality publications."

of epileptics up to 45 percent who
don't respond to drug treatment often
resort to a vagus nerve stimulator, a
pacemaker-like implant. It sends elec-
trical impulses through the body at a set
interval that doesn't adapt to the indi-
vidual patient. Myers' research focuses
on controllers that fire based on signals
from the seizure sufferer's body.
"The gold standard would be a
controller that can predict and detect
when a seizure is coming an hour
before and stop it," he says, adding that
he hopes to have an improved control-
ler licensed and on the market within
five years.
WHAT'S NEXT: Myers plans to design
medical devices, applying the first-
hand knowledge from a yearlong clini-
cal preceptorship at Shands. "When
you spend time in a hospital, you see
all of these great devices sitting in a
corner covered in dust, because the
person who made it didn't talk to the
people who use it when they're work-
ing on its design. They might follow a
doctor for a couple of days, but every
doctor is different. That's where the
engineering program's close relation-
ship with Shands is a huge advantage.
I get first-hand experience in the
hospital; I have conversations with
doctors in the hallways. That's going
to help me make a device that not only
works really well, but one that people
will want to use."
Wilder Professor and director of the
pediatric epilepsy program at UF's
McKnight Brain Institute, says My-
ers' excellent communication skills,
entrepreneurial savvy and leadership
will make him "an excellent neural
engineering scientist."

wants to
get things
done," he
says. "It's so
to work on
that can
be applied
now, not 20
or 30 years
from now."




Jing Guo wants to make computer chips faster and more pow-
erful. And he wants to do it by making them more like pencils.
The assistant professor of electrical and computer engineer-
ing wants to build chips using graphene, a nanoscale carbon
material similar to the tracings left behind by a standard No. 2
pencil only millions of times thinner.
"It's truly two-dimensional, just one atom thick," says Guo of
the substance, first isolated in 2004.
"Silicon has been the workhorse for a half-century," says
Guo. Yet chip designers are now running up against its limita-
tions. This is true both with respect to processing speed, and
to the communications capabilities required by networked
and mobile devices. Graphene,which conducts both electrons
and heat extremely well, has emerged as a leading contender in
the race to find a silicon substitute.
Because electrons move faster through graphene than they
do through silicon, the ultrathin material has the potential to
produce faster CPUs. It also emits and detects photons more
efficiently, which should make it friendlier to fiber optic sys-
tems transmitting information in the form of light.
Graphene-only chips are a long way off. For now, Guo is
building physical and predictive computer models based on
quantum physics to design silicon-based chips incorporating
graphene components. He shares these models through nano-
HUB.org, a nanotechnology Web site. Researchers in Europe,
Asia, and the U. S. already use them to run more than io,ooo
graphene-related simulations per year.

12 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

Whoa. That's Heavy

Hybrids and electrics are worse than
gas-guzzlers at turning stored energy
into power, according to Michele
Manuel, director of the Materials
Design and Prototyping Laboratory
They also weigh more, thanks to their
heavy batteries and added electronics.
Manuel is working with GM to
create new magnesium alloys to help
alternative-fuel cars shed pounds and
become more fuel efficient.
Magnesium has long been an
attractive candidate for vehicle manu-
facturing; three times lighter than
steel and 30 percent lighter than alu-
minum, "it's even lighter than some
plastics," says Manuel. Unfortunately,
the asymmetrical, anisotropic crystal
structure of the metal means it can
only be rolled into sheets at high tem-
peratures, making it too expensive to
compete with its heavier cousins.
Manuel is blending magnesium
with nanoparticles of rare earth
elements like yttriurn and cerium to
make alloys that can be worked at
room temperature. The nanoparticles
reduce the size of the metallic grains
in the composites, and may allow
the atoms in those grains to slip past
each other more easily. But scientists
don't yet understand exactly how
such nanoparticle inclusions work, so
Manuel aims to figure that out, too.


The title of the
project that
Jones a $i million
PECASE grant
- "Domain Wall
Evolution in Phase
Transforming Ox-
ides" is daunt-
ing enough. But
you know you're
really in trouble
whenJones' best
effort to explain
his work in small,
simple words
leaves your head
spinning. "Imag-
ine," he begins,
"that you were one
nanometer tall..."
Jones, assis-
tant professor of
materials science
and engineering,
studies multifer-
roics, a class of

"smart materials"
in which electri-
cal, magnetic
and mechanical
forces are all
coupled. These
composite ce-
ramics are expert
at converting one
form of energy to
another: Apply
an electric field
to them, and they
might gener-
ate a magnetic
one in return.
Expose them to
a magnetic field,
and they might
respond with a
bration instead.
This magic is
made by a domain
wall: a break or
defect in the
material's atomic

structure. And it
lies at the heart
of all transducer-
driven sensor
from ultrasound
imaging to ac-
Jones seeks to
better under-
stand how do-
main walls affect
the behavior of
existing smart
materials, and
to develop new
ones by pushing
multiferroics into
extreme states -
exposing them
to electric and
magnetic fields
for example, or
working them at
high tempera-
tures to see
what new proper-
ties will result.
With luck, those
properties will
lead to develop-

ing new sensors
with novel
NowJones is
able to boost
useful working
of his materials
by "a couple of
hundred de-
grees," a useful
trick for extend-
ing the range of
environments in
which they could
be used. But that
just scratches
the surface of
what his super-
ceramics might
yield if prop-
erly tweaked. ".
imagine imaging
a magnetic field,
which would be
or sensors used
in space applica-
tions, which are
in extraordinarily
extreme environ-
ments," he says.



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Tao Li calls it
"the new Moore's
law": whereas the
number of transis-
tors packed onto
a computer chip
was once expected
to double every
18 months, now
it's the number
of CPUs likely to
double over the
same period. And
while manufac-
turers like Intel
and AMD have
figured out how to
build multi-core
chips contain-
ing up to eight
processors, they're
going to need a
whole new suite
of tools to design
so-called "many-

core" chips con-
taining hundreds,
if not thousands,
of them.
Li, who founded
the Intelligent
Design of Efficient
Architecture Lab-
oratory, compares
managing the flow
of data through a
many-core chip
to directing the
flow of traffic
through New York
City: you need to
monitor the whole
system from above,
while paying atten-
tion to street-level
That's why he's
developing com-
puter models that
employ geospatial

analysis techniques
to provide a global
view of the behav-
ior across an entire
chip while simul-
taneously zooming
in on individual
Such models will
allow chip archi-
tects to minimize
the amount of
time and power
required to trans-
fer data from one
area of a chip to
another, while re-
ducing the amount
of heat generated
by cores stacked
like crates on a de-
livery truck. (Heat
degrades both the
and reliability

of a chip.)
In addition, Li
is developing soft-
ware tools to help
manage the flow of
data. These tools
also use on-chip
sensors to monitor
performance and
data traffic.
"We're five or
o1 years ahead
ofwhat industry
is doing today,"
Li says. But with
Moore's new law
taking effect,
it won't be long
before chip manu-
facturers find
themselves in need
of Li's prescrip-
tions for relieving

14 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

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CAREER Award Winner

Growing up in Switzerland, Andreas Haselbacher saw plenty of snow-
slides. "Depending on the weather conditions, you would see multiple
avalanches every day," he recalls. Now Haselbacher is trying to figure
out what makes them tick.
Until recently, he explains, some avalanches were assumed to be
nothing more than clouds of fine powder albeit ones that travel at
speeds approaching 300 km/h, leaving death and destruction in their
wake. But that assumption didn't jibe with the masses of wet, dense
snow they typically leave behind.
The latest hypothesis, therefore, posits the torrent of powder we see
obscures a more slowly moving mass of dense snow below. Scientists
also suspect there is an intermediate stratum of snowball-sized par-
ticles, called the "saltation layer," between the two.
If this were true, it would represent a classic example of a dilute-
dense multiphase flow: a moving mixture of fluids and particles in

which the latter occur at various concentrations. Proving this empiri-
cally is next to impossible: the powder cloud hides everything beneath
it, and avalanches tend to destroy everything in their path including
research equipment.
Enter Haselbacher. The assistant professor of mechanical and aero-
space engineering plans to put his background in computational fluid
dynamics to work developing computer simulations that will accurately
model a phenomenon so dangerous and unpredictable that it is very
difficult to study in the wild.
By improving our understanding of how avalanches work, the models
should also help predict them more accurately. They may also shed
light on related natural phenomena, like the pyroclastic flows that ac-
company some volcanic eruptions. o


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That's the premise of this video game-like project geared toward teaching kids the
basic concepts of nanotechnology through touch. The project recently received almost
$200,000 in funding from the National Science Foundation. BY KIM FULSCHER

after interest in engineering started declining,
UF began participating in programs to instill a
fascination in science for kids. Curtis Taylor's
project even leaps a few steps forward. The video
game-like software can be used to teach visually
impaired students about nanotechnology.
"What's unique about our project is we're looking at a
student population that's traditionally marginalized," said
Taylor, an assistant professor in mechanical and aerospace
engineering. "I knew that there exists very few methods for
teaching visually impaired students."
When Taylor spoke to homeschooled third- to eighth-
graders several years ago, he became interested in this idea.
Trying to get across a concept they couldn't even see, he
started making analogies of how small an atom is smaller
than bacteria, an ant, or a grain of salt.
"When it comes to nanotechnology, I'm blind, students
are blind," Taylor said. "So why can't we use this to teach
visually impaired students as well?"
Breaking it down, nanotechnology is the engineering and ma-
nipulation of tiny molecular materials. Engineers know exactly
what that is, but it's a hard concept for kids to grasp. So Taylor is
creating the ability to touch and interact with a nanoscale virtual

As advanced
as a nano-tech-
nology therned
video game
seems, pint-
sized product
testers grasped
the idea within

environment it's a much more effective way to learn nanotech-
nology than by traditional graphics and lectures. He's working
hard to make sure kids want to group to be engineers.
"There are no TV shows about engineers," Taylor said
with a laugh.
He may have already got one hooked, though.
Jackson McKeen, 7, got to try his hand at the software in
Taylor's lab. According to the second-grader at Gainesville's
Saint Patrick Interparish School, this device could help him learn
about science in away he would never in his school's science class.
"This is much better,"Jackson said. "You get to see what
these things feel like."
It's even a little better than his video games at home.
"On my games, on my PlayStation 2, you just play games
and you don't get to feel," he said. "There's options you
can turn vibrations on but I don't think that counts."
Nanotechnology is so important because smaller materials
can create superior, reliable, stronger products. For instance,
Taylor said, the cell phone in the 8os was "the size of a suit-
case and could only make a call." Now, partially thanks to
nanotechnology, the cell phone possibilities are endless.
To help explain these tiny materials, Taylor's project lets
students likeJackson feel nanoscience with their hands a
feat that few elementary science classes can conquer. A famil-
iar object, such as a coin or compact disc, is zoomed in to the
microscale then to the nanoscale with the surface of the ob-
ject magnified on a computer screen. Think of this software
like a microscope, only with the added kinesthetic aspect.
Using a joystick, the user ideally children between 5 and
17 years old controls exploration over the magnified object.
The joystick mimics the high power atomic force microscope
that Taylor uses in his lab to obtain images of material surfac-
es. This instrument has the ability to observe features as small
as atoms. The joystick is like the needle on a record player,
and lets the user feel the grooves, bumps, and tiny features on
the object at the nanoscale. In addition, the user is allowed
to feel the unique nanoscale forces and interaction. The user
doesn't have to see at all to feel that an object actually has
many more properties than appear on the surface.
Now,Jackson doesn't just know what a lecture about atoms
sounds like. He can tell you what an atom looks and feels like.
"You've seen a Coke fizz, right?"Jackson said. "Well the atom
was green and looked like that. There were small green bubbles
on the atom and they have a blue outline. It's sort of thick."
Taylor and his small team of researchers ultimatelywant to use
the funding to help get this learning device in classrooms across
the countrywithin a fewyears. Before that can happen though,
the software/joystick combination needs more testing. o

See professor talk about nano-technolo^^ g y^^
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16 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

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Success Secrets from Superstar Engineers BY BOONSRI DICKINSON

S ix engineers reveal their secret to success: They are motivated, goal ori-
ented, can recognize opportunity and love what they do.
While there is no magic bullet for success, there are certain ways to
achieve it. Erik Sander, B.S. ME '84, has taught many UF grads how
to turn their bright ideas into technologies that can transform lives.
Sander measures success by "how someone changes the world and how they are
remembered after they pass on." Engineering sharpens analytical skills people
need to solve problems in our complex world. The most successful engineers are
hard workers, love finding a solution, and have an insatiable drive to make the
world a better place.

Create Your Own Reality
Entrepreneur John Dasburg
received all three of his degrees from
UF (B.S. ISE '66, MBA '7o,JD '73)
- and is the chairman and CEO of
ASTAR Air Cargo. Dasburg worked
hard for success. "Being poor motivat-
ed me to be successful. I lived in the
same room with my sister and father
until I was io," says Dasburg. "Engi-
neering teaches a very disciplined
way of thinking and it requires a
correct answer."

Have A Goal in Mind
Jack Dorsey, a computer engineer
who dropped out of New York Uni-
versity a semester before graduation,
created Twitter. When Dorseyvisited
New York City as a teenager, he was
fascinated with the dispatch technology
used by taxis and emergency vehicles
and wanted to apply that to instant mes-
saging. Success did not come overnight.
It took several years to get millions
hooked on tweeting. "The secret to
any success is fairly simple: start now

and execute quickly. Have a picture in
your head of what you want to see in the
world. Start small, and build piece by
piece, involving others as you go. Every
detail matters, so be patient and strong,"
Dorsey says.
Get Out Of Your
Comfort Zone
As CEO of Discover Financial Services,
David Nelms, B.S. MAE '83, says being
strong with numbers in engineering is
helpful in financial services. After gradu-
ating, Nelms says he paid a lot of attention
to detail by focusing on results and execu-
tion early on in his career. "The rotations
at GE and Bain & Company gave me
exposure to multiple industries," he says.
Nelms, who gave up the sunshine in Flori-
da to move to Chicago, says it's important
to be willing to relocate. Throughout his
career, he moved to Boston, Delaware,
Kentucky, and Virginia. "I took lateral
opportunities by shifting companies and
learned more along the way," Nelms says.
He always tried to do a better job than the
person before him and would volunteer
to work on extra projects so he could get
more time with management.
Pursue Your Dreams
Bob Uhler, M.E. EES'74, is CEO of
MWH Global. "I can't image life with-
out a passion to accomplish something
and make a positive difference in the
lives of others. The formula to my suc-
cess has been to have a dream, stay with
it and surround myselfwith opposites,"
he says. "The dream can be refreshed,
but everyone needs an end goal and to be
able to articulate that goal to yourself.
Life is full of setbacks, failures and
adversity and you should not let them
destroy the potential of your dream.
Overcoming adversity makes us stronger
and wiser if you want to learn. In the
end, if you don't make your dream, don't
let it destroy you because it is the journey
and pursuing your internal passion that
counts the most."

Recognize A Problem and Fix It
Michael Dancu, CEO ofArteragen,
received his Ph.D. in bioengineering from
Penn State University. The key to success
is to be passionate about what you do, he
says, and to keep on learning. Recognizing
problems in health care and the inability
of new technologies to penetrate the field,
Dancu set out to create solutions to im-
prove the healthcare system. "By nature,
I am a designer who utilizes the tools of
science, mathematics, engineering to cre-
ate new ideas and concepts. All I can say is
that I am a nerd and like to solve problems
with an open perspective." He now owns
several biotech companies and has more
than a hundred patents. o




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The Corridor's Matching Grants Research Program is dedicated to supporting university researchers so they can further
develop their commercially viable products and ideas into something company partners can take to market. "The funds drive
technology toward commercialization for economic development," says Erik Sander, the University of Florida College of
Engineering's director of industry programs. And that drive, that commerical motivation, is exactly the intent.
The FHTCC is an economic development initiative proven to attract, retain, and grow high-tech industry and the work-
force to support its 23 counties, according to the council's 2008 benchmark study.
The Corridor began in 1996, as an alliance between the University of South Florida and the University of Central Florida.
UF joined the corridor in 2005 and now FHTCC reaches cities like Gainesville, Tampa, and Orlando, and along the coasts
including Sarasota, Melbourne and Daytona. But the real power lies in the technology companies and university researchers
that connect because of the corridor.
And for the University of Florida, progress is good. UF has received about $5 million of funding from the State of Florida
of which about 80 percent has gone to Gator Engineering projects. Since 2005, the Corridor approved 5o grants to UF
researchers, matched by grants from their industry partners. We want to create this high-tech hot spot and want smart
people to flock here, Sander says.
"I don't know if we want to be Silicon Valley, but we are definitely carving out our own identity. Gainesville is a biotech
hub, Orlando is known for simulation and training, and Tampa is known for IT and space technology," said Sander.
Twenty-three Central Florida counties, 13 years since its inception, three major research universities, more than 300 company
partnerships, more than 250 participating university faculty, more than 2,000 graduate students, 9 o patents, a return of more
than $600 million to the State of Florida WELCOME TO THE FLORIDA HIGH TECH CORRIDOR COUNCIL.


WHO: Charlotte Brittain, research & development manager
in phosphates at Mosaic Fertilizer and David Hahn, UF me-
chanical and aerospace engineer
WHAT: A crop nutrition companyworking with UF faculty mem-
bers to improve their phosphate mining and processing. Various
new sensors will assist with monitoring the process and other
advanced technologies to enhance clay settling characteristics.
WHY: About 75 percent of U.S. mined phosphate comes from
Florida. Crops and animals need phosphorous to survive, and
there's no synthetic substitute for it. Farmers need it for their
crops to grow. It's a relatively old industry, but UF researchers
helped with new, innovative, methods for mining and process-
ing phosphorous. After passing heat exchangers and a sulfur
tank, equipment moves the phosphorous rock into the opera-
tion. Then the warehouse holds the gigantic mound of diam-
monium phosphate until it's ready to be shipped.
WHY WE NOTICED: Mosaic must remove huge amounts of
dirt from the ground and separate the phosphate from sand.
Hahn's laser-based sensors can provide real-time sensing and
replace the manual process the company relies on. Other
UF researchers can help quicken the clay settling process.
For phosphorous removal, the mined ore is pumped for up
to io miles through slurry pipes, which clog if overloaded.
The company hopes to place sensors along the pipes to avoid
this. When the company finishes mining phosphate, they
restore the land to an equal or better condition. "The land

is brought back to use, such as parks, native scrub-land or
wetlands," she says.
UF IMPACT: The FHTCC provided Mosaic Fertilizerwith the
brains of six faculty members and io students, and invested a
total of $400,000 into the project.



WHO: CEOJoe Bagan of Sharklet Technologies; Tony Bren-
nan, UF materials science and engineering professor and
Founder and CTO of Sharklet Technologies
WHAT: The company engineers surfaces so MRSA, E. coli,
and Staph cannot grow in places like hospital rooms. Bren-
nan designed the pattern after the skin of a shark to prevent
bacteria from growing on its surface.
WHY: "We anticipate the Sharklet surface in a hospital will
reduce the amount and strength of cleaners required. It re-
duces the transference rate of bacteria between surfaces via
either humans or other contact mechanisms," says Brennan.
In the lab, when Brennan immersed the shark-like surface in
algae water, the surface had 85 percent less algae growing.
WHY WE NOTICED: Green algae and bacteria tend to com-
municate and can join forces. When the biofilms start growing
on surfaces or within the body, they slowly build an army until
they attack and sometimes, this can be fatal. Yet hospitals
provide an ideal breeding ground for bacteria: There, the bacte-

20 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

ria can either multiply inside the body after growing on urinary
catheters or it can grow on surfaces like nursing call buttons,
bed rail control panels, and cardiac monitor screens.
UF IMPACT: Sharklet Technologies received two grants
that supported six faculty members and six students.
"The High Tech Corridor money enabled us to expand
our bacterial studies significantly to include multiple
strains," says Brennan. The researchers expect to obtain
patents for their IP work.


WHO: Rajiv Singh, co-founder and vice president and mate-
rials science and engineering professor at UF, and his wife,
Deepika Singh, founder and president of Sinmat
WHAT: A materials nanotech company that will make every-
thing we do more energy efficient.
WHY: Singh makes cheaper semiconductors and he knows how
to manipulate the copper wiring so the chips have minimal
defects. As a result, his substrates decrease the cost of manu-
facturing chips in half. His technology saves energy in other
ways: It can make LED lights that are 6o percent more energy
efficient, improve solar cells, and plug into smart grids. "There
are a billion transistors on a chip. It's a miracle if it works. Ev-
erything is ruined if one thing goes wrong," Singh says. Today,
the typical substrates are the size of a hand around 12 inches,
but Singh is making them into the size of an 18-inch pizza.
WHYWE NOTICED: President Obama recognized Sinmat in
his "Clean Energy" speech on March 23 because of the com-
pany's energy saving solutions.
UF IMPACT: Sinmat has received several grants totaling
$8 million dollars. It has supported three faculty members
and io students over the years.


WHO: CEO Lee Krause; UF partners include Alice Holmes,
communicative disorders, and Rahul Shrivastav, communication
sciences and disorders
WHAT: ClarujustfM software helps personalize cochlear im-
plants, digital hearing aids, and cell phones, so the hearing
impaired can tune their device to speech sounds. The typical
hearing aid amplifies sound.
WHY: 28 million people currently require a hearing device.
Krause become deaf in his 2os, and insisted on having a co-
chlear implant attached to his skull, so his brain could sense
sounds as actual signals. The digital hearing devices can tune
to the individual when he hears speech sounds, rather than
tune using tones. The person doesn't need much just needs
access to the Internet and a computer.
WHYWE NOTICED: Clinical tests are being done at UF. It is
awaiting FDA approval.
UF IMPACT: Audigence received about $2oo,ooo, and fund-
ed two faculty and two students.


WHO: CEOJamie Grooms
WHAT: Bringing the science of nerve repair to life through
the development of tissue-based technologies that struc-
turally support nerve re-growth.

WHY: First company to distribute a human tissue-based
nerve graft that bridges transected peripheral nerves
helping to support the body's own natural healing pro-
cess. Nerve damage can happen after a traumatic injury
or due to surgery. These injuries can impact a person's
ability to feel or control their muscles.
WHYWE NOTICED: "We've restored the tibia nerve allowing
a 15-year-old girl to walk again and done breast reconstruc-
tion to allow for sensory regeneration," says Grooms. Nearly
1,5oo patients benefited from the company's tissue-based
technology that promises to help restore and repair nerve
function in the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord.
"This product directly impacts people's lives so significantly,
from children and soldiers to people that need to be able to
smile or walk again," says Grooms. By using micro-surgical
procedures to implant the nerve graft, nerves are able to
naturally re-grow and potentially restore nerve function.
UF IMPACT: "We've done a significant amount of our clini-
cal work as well as pre-clinical work at the University of
Florida," says Grooms. They also tend to recruit interns
and have hired some as full-time employees.






WHO: CEO Richard Allen; UF principle investigators in-
clude Dr. Donn Dennis, anesthesiologist, Dr. Richard Melk-
er, anesthesiologist, Dr. Tim Morey, anesthesiologist, Dr.
Matthew Booth, chemist
WHAT: Start-up company that applies breath and novel vapor
analysis in pharmaceuticals, health monitoring and diagnostics
WHY: To improve healthcare with breath detectable SMART
drugs, breath-based diagnostics and to reduce hospital ac-
quired infections.
WHY WE NOTICED: Xhale has several projects in the pipe-
line. HyGreenTM is a real-time hand hygiene system that re-
minds healthcare workers to wash their hands, records hand
hygiene compliance data, and can help track disease vectors in
the healthcare setting. The SMART Medication Adherence
System works with patients and physicians to ensure compli-
ance to medications. Xhale's diagnostics division is working
on a breath-based glucose monitor measures glucose in the
breath. Other projects include a Propofol monitor, ethanol
detector, and therapeutic drug monitoring.
U F IMPACT: Xhale received two grants providing them with
$4o00,00 from FHTCC. This helped support six faculty
members and one student. In all, breath-based technologies
provide a safer medical environment with non-invasive testing
to replace finger sticks and blood draws. o

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he warehouse is nondescript, tucked
away behind a strip of retail stores
on University Avenue in a neighbor-
hood that has seen better days. It
is sparce, at the end of a one-block
street, with only the smallest of signs
to announce it as "WARPhaus."
It is the University of Florida's
School of Art and Art History's stu-
dio and gallery space. On an after-
noon in August, art and engineering
students are starting to filter into the
space, gathering around five different
tables framed by walls covered with Post-It notes and sche-
matics that chart the course of their design processes.
At one table, five or six students gather around a cubic-foot
clear-plastic box set atop a plain, black surface. A bright yellow
animatronic canary is the only thing on the stark surface. A
computer ribbon runs from the
base of the clear canary cage to
a laptop computer as one stu-
dent tries to calibrate the bird,
which is tweeting loudly and
"Do you think this is messed
up?" one freshman engineering
student asks another in the de-
sign team dubbed Enginerds.
"It seemed to just read it,"
the colleague replies of the
sculpture's on-again, off-again
volatile organic compounds
(VOC) detector.
After six weeks of classes and
working as teams three or four
nights a week plus weekends,
the design teams taking EGN
1935 Art and Engineering De-
sign, during the summer semes-
ter, have scant minutes before
two professors engineering
Dean Cammy Abernathy (a ma-
terials science engineer) andJack Stenner, an assistant profes-
sor of digital media art in the School of Art and Art History
at UF who will judge their creations.
Team Captain Planet, Team Clean, the Enginerds, D2:
Dynamic Design, Team Awesome and Gators 4 Change all
scramble together to finish projects that are part art display,
part engineering feat. Their task: work in a collaborative struc-
ture to design a marketable product that will detect airborne
VOCs and give an alert to the user. More importantly, they had
to integrate the ideas of art students with the ideas of computer,
mechanical, electrical and civil engineering students.
This is the story of how they worked together, what they
designed and produced, and a growing discipline of cross-
pollinating arts and engineering to produce a new level of
creativity and understanding of design.
"Intellectually, people often tend to separate form and
content," Stenner says. "For both disciplines [art and engi-
neeringi, this class illustrates how form and content work to-
gether to provide better design outcomes. An approach such
as this can produce better artists AND better engineers."
That was what Abernathy hoped for when she reached out
to the art school to partner on the pilot-project course.
"There's a growing trend in engineering that to be really
creative, you have to engage both sides of the brain," Aber-
nathy says. More and more, aesthetics is driving engineering
design.Just look at the iPod, she adds, "the example of what

happens when good engineering meets good design."
A second advantage for students is that the course puts
freshman engineers thick in the middle of the design pro-
cess, with its exhilarations and challenges, instead of wading
through book-thick math and physics courses for two years
before getting into design-process work. Abernathy wants to
find a way to mainstream the art-meets-engineering idea and
offer this course to every incoming freshman engineer.
And third, the concept of inculcating art concepts and
vocabulary in engineers gives them new tools to better com-
municate how engineering relates to the public, a key pre-
cept "Changing the Conversation," the National Academy of
Engineering's clarion call for engineers to better engage the
public at large in the importance of what they do.
BillWulfgets it. As president emeritus of the National Acad-
emy of Engineers and one of only 13 faculty members at the
University of Virginia to carry the title "university professor,"
Wulf says engineering education is in the early stages of tran-
sition away from a 1950S math-
and-science model to a more ho-
listic, customer-driven model.
"The reason we are in transition
is that more and more people
believe we lost something when
we made that 1950o transition;
it's the teamwork," said Wulf,
a computer sciences engineer.
"[We need tol really deeply un-
derstand what the customers'
requirements are. That's not a
mathematical thing; that's a hu-
man thing."
Wulf points to the kinds of
technical innovations that have
changed the world online: the
World Wide Web and Google,
to name two. "[Inl all the re-
ally important developments,
the underlying impetus was a
creative one, not a mathemati-
cal one, and an intensely hu-
man one.
Exploring the relationship between art and engineering is
an emerging trend at just a handful of U.S. universities, but
its importance to industrial design cannot be denied. Take
this observation from the reclusive Jonathan Ive, the senior
designer for Apple credited with the look and function of such
groundbreaking designs as the iPod and the current brushed
stainless-steel Macintosh laptops who spoke of his landmark
products in a rare 2003 interview: "The defining qualities are
about use: ease and simplicity. Caring beyond the functional
imperative, we also acknowledge that products have a signifi-
cance way beyond traditional views of function."
Ive also supports another objective of the UF pilot course:
getting freshman engineering students quickly into team
design settings.
"Teamwork is the only way -not out of principle, but out
of necessity," Ive told Ten4 magazine in 2006. "You can't
develop these ideas and take them to market by yourself."
Exploring the relationship between form and function, or de-
sign and engineering, is crucial in today's marketplace, says Wil-
liam Lidwell, the author of"Deconstructing Product Design", set
to be published later this year by Rockport Publishers.
"The popular answer is that art focuses on form, engineer-
ing on function, and product design sits at the intersection.
This view is more wrong than right," Lidwell said in an e-mail
interview from his office in Houston, where he works as a con-
sultant and author on design and technology issues. "Artists

24 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

Since canaries are so
sensitive to methane
and carbon monoxide,
miners used to bring a
caged canary into new
mines. As long as the
canary kept singing,
the miners knew their
air supply was safe. A
dead canary in a coal
mine signaled imme-
diate evacuation.

"Itleculy pople often tend to seprt fomn

aspire to satisfy requirements that are internally derived. If
nobody else likes or understands the outcome, it doesn't matter
because the work need only satisfy the artist to be successful.
Designers and engineers need to satisfy requirements that are
externally derived. If design or engineering requirements are
not satisfied, a product will objectively fail. How do art, design,
and engineering relate? Art serves the artist. Design serves the
need. Engineering serves the function."
He added: "Engineers need to learn more about how prod-
ucts are perceived, why products get accepted and rejected, and
how products are actually used in the wild. The program that
successfully connects engineers to users in this way is the pro-
gram that will define the future of engineering education."
UF's pilot art-meets-engineering class follows several

prominent engineering schools' pioneering efforts in this area.
Northwestern University, for instance, has for years enjoyed
a partnership with the Art Institute of Chicago to produce
lectures and research into art conservation science. And the
best known arts-engineering curriculum exists at Princeton
University, where civil and environmental engineering pro-
fessor David Billington teaches two wildly popular courses
(Structures and the Urban Environment, originated in 1974,
and Structures and Machines in Urban Society, started in
1985) that have their roots in the "Swiss synthesis," an edu-
cational model that merges science and art education "with
complex mathematical analysis and unwavering attention to
form," as the university describes it. Billington uses K'NEX
toys to create elegantly designed bridges in one course.

fusion of design
and engineer-
ing students was
successful, at least
measured by the
enthusiasm shown
by the students.
Dean Abernathy
says this class will
be offered again.

Marc Plaisant
tests a volatile
organic com-
pound sensor.
VOCs are made
with high vapor
pressure and low
water solubility.
Many VOCs are
chemicals used
and produced in
the manufacture
of paints, phar-
maceuticals, and



Across the room from the Canary in a Coal Mine project,
Team Captain Planet is working furiously on and around its
project, a "Hula Green" prototype of a grass-skirt-wearing
turtle perched atop an upside-down blue recycling bin.
"This has been mechanical, electrical engineering. This has
been art, sculpture, computer engineering, {and} programming.
You name it, this class has everything rolled into one," says a hot-
glue-gunweildingJake Kubisz, a candidate for the master of fine
arts degree and the art student in Team Captain Planet.
The Hula Green detector looks horribly far from being
ready; as Kubisz glues, another student fine tunes the VOC
detector. Three or four pieces remain disconnected from each
other, and all seem like they will barely fit inside the small
recycling-bin base.
But what the Hula Green detector lacks in completeness
it more than makes up for in artistic symbolism and kitsch.
Kubisz explains:
The sea turtle is "a symbolic icon on drainage ditches" to
remind people of not dumping, to preserve the environment;
the turtle also "makes an allusion to soapbox preachers by

standing on top of the recycling box he
has something to say;" and "the more
in-depth audience" might recognize
the circle of the turtle's hula motion
as reminiscent of the circular nature

of recycling.
"A little bit of humor, a little bit of iro-
ny," he concludes. "The sculpture is an
environmental satire, I would say, with a
productive moral. It's educational."
And, unassembled, it works. An-
other team member places a Sharpie
pen near the VOC detector, and the
slight fumes from the black marker set off the electronics.
The turtle sways; the recycling emblem lights up; and (in-
congruously) the unit plays the theme from the i96os hit
television series Hawaii Five-O.
Over at Team Awesome, Michelle Gibson, a first-year en-
gineering student, stands next to Kishi, the Japanese name
(it means "happiness to the earth") the team has given to its
VOC detector, a three-foot-long orange-and-blue wooden
gator sculpture.
Incorporating aesthetic concerns into their project
"helped us make it a little more interesting," Gibson says.
Team Awesome's gator is covered with rhinestones, but its
VOC detector is tucked inside the opened jaws. The team
envisions placing the gator at The Hub bus stop to alert
students to exposure to high VOC levels. Green LED lights
in the eyes and mouth turn to red when the brightly painted
sculpture is exposed to VOCs.
And therein, as they say, lies the problem. The team paint-
ed the gator orange and blue, and the drying paint is still
giving off VOCs as it dries. And the background VOCs in

26 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

~ZI 1


/ /

iFii .. L



w 2 A



the art studio aren't helping either. Kishi's eyes are glow-
ing bright red even without a test sample of a VOC source
(either a Sharpie pen, methyl ethyl ketone or PVC cement)
being set near it, which is how the course's professors will
be testing all the projects.
So Team Awesome waits for its laptop to arrive to tweak its
VOC detector. Only minutes remain until judging starts.
All the teams were taught the basics of the IDEO collab-
orative process, a user-centered system developed by engi-
neering pioneer David Kelly. They developed their concepts,
brainstormed and presented a design plan to the class. Based
on feedback, they continued to alter their designs and pre-
pared to fabricate prototypes to be entered into the end-of-
class competition.
For the freshmen, not used to collaborative work or fabri-
cating from scratch, it was akin to learning how to swim by
being thrown into the pool. But each team overcame those
early struggles.
"There was a point in the semester where it went from
panic to 'we can do this,'" Abernathy says as she waits to
judge the projects during the last class meeting. "You've got
to have the ability to function as a team."
And the benefits went both ways, as the art students were
thrown into an unfamiliar situation, as well.
"You learn about the value structures that emanate from
a particular discourse; in this case, engineers," Stenner says
before the judging. "They normally don't work this way when
they are making art. You don't normally do collaborative types
of artwork. It's not typical for most of these students."
The competition judging begins. The Gators 4 Change
team gathers around a clear Plexiglass box that resembles
modernist art, with a spherical spiral of thick metal suspended
from the top of the cube and surrounded by a web of very fine

wire dotted with tiny LED red, yellow and green lights.
"Originally, we named it Wally because it was supposed to
be on the wall," explained Adriana Espinal, a first-year me-
chanical engineering student. "But now we changed its name to
WATCH -Wireless Application Transforming Community's
Health. With our piece, we pretty much still wanted to remain
with the same concept, that VOCs are everywhere. That's sort
of what the LED lights signify. The sphere is the world. We're
trying to say that VOCs are everywhere, in every community
and by being able to sense them, we're improving our health."
Even the box has meaning as well as function, the Gators
4 Change team explains: The clear box says that when waste
goes into the atmosphere, it is trapped and doesn't dissipate.
We have to live in it.
"All the bad that we're doing to the world, it's not going
to go away by itself," Espinal says.
Fellow engineering student Alexis Weill then details how
the WATCH sculpture comes with a small, metal sensing
box that actually contains the VOC detector and relays a
signal wirelessly to the sculpture box.
"We decided we would have a sensor that you can move
around," Weill says. The sensor likewise has LEDs. You can have
the direct input with the three LEDs or you can put the [sensor]
box anywhere you want in your apartment or your house or your
back yard and have this piece of art in your living room."
Team Clean is up next. Its project is called "The Iron Lung,"
and it consists of a 3-foot-tall rotating fan that has been retrofit-
ted with a VOC detector that triggers two alerts: a color panel
that changes colors when VOCs are present, and a four-stage
audible cue. The fan sounds like it is breathing when there are no
VOCs present, and the breathing becomes increasingly labored
into outright coughing as VOC levels increase. It is whimsical
and (after a bit of tweaking and delay) functional as the class leans

28 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

forward to hear the low, steady breathing that emanates.
Once perfume is sprayed into the fan's front panel, how-
ever, the prototype begins to cough.
The other teams give their presentations, with varying de-
grees of success. Gators 4 Change get Kishi the gator working
after two false starts. Team Captain Planet's Hula Green had its
wiring broken as team members tried to stuff too much circuit
board and other electronics into a too-small base underneath the
dancing turtle. No hula and Hawaii Five-O this afternoon.
D2: Dynamic Design is up next with its Eco-Trip, a bicycle
outfitted with a VOC detector housed in a sleek, silver mod-
ule. It is a complex project, with lots of wires running from
the detector to an alert and down to a motor powered by the
bicycle wheel. The team wins kudos for its modularity, how
it split up into a design team and electrical team, which was
split into the sensor and the LED teams.
After a successful test of the VOC detector, first-year civil
engineering student and D2 member Christopher Bailey tells
the tale of the project's difficult birth.
"You know how you all talk about the good side first of the
project?" he starts. "I feel we have to talk about the negative
side first to show you our pain. Saturday, we're here creating
this project, we're gluing this together, we end up with a cir-
cuit board and everything is great, and it breaks right when
we attach it. So, it's Sunday night, the project is due today,
right? We have no tools, this studiol is locked." But with a
knife to cut breadboard and some creative rewiring without
solder, "somehow we got it work," Bailey explains.
Engineering graduate assistant Marc Plaisant intones:
"Guys, welcome to college."

And even as applause for the project rings out, instructors
ask for one more test: "Ride it." Another team member hops
aboard and takes it for a VOC-detecting spin around the
small gallery space, and nothing falls off.
When it is time for the canary, all the other team members
gather attentively. The loud bird's electronic chirps have been
heard on and off throughout the afternoon, and everyone wants
to see it work. But despite three different VOC sources put in
front of the canary box's fan, the bird won't chirp. The problem
is a transistor that, as it heats, changes the sensitivity setting of
the VOC detector. After a quick adjustment, the bird's box is
re-assembled and PVC cement is held to the box's fan.
The canary sings like, well, a canary. It bobs and twirls
and chirps loudly.
The competing teams applaud. A few people laugh.
The competition is over. There is no single winner. Just
engineers talking in more aesthetic and holistic terms, and
artists thinking about how to apply their newly learned de-
velopment process.
"To be able to pull this off, you did a great job," Aber-
nathy tells them. "I'm really impressed with the teamwork,
the design philosophy that you were able to incorporate.
This just shows that when two very different disciplines get
together, some interesting and fun things, useful things,
can happen." o

Wm a.tch the -- .ction .l of ing
/0 meeting art:

aka "wireless ap-
plication helping
transforming com-
munities health."
The lights change
colors depending on
the various levels of
toxins in the air. A
unique facet of this
design, is the sensor
located in an exter-
nal box, (also fit with
the green, yellow
and red lights) that
fires the LEDs from
a distance.

Before Orange met Blue, there was engineering. The University of
Florida's predecessor institutions offered degrees, but the program needed
strong leadership and clearly defined objectives. When the Buckman Act
consolidated Florida's higher education institutions and created modern-day
UF, engineering education became a Gator tradition. BY MEGAN E. GALES

30 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

and counting...


"Gentlemen, it will look a little pre-
tentious for our University to be or-
ganized into separate administrative
groups known as colleges, but I am
looking to the future... You will have
to start with small enrollments, but all
great things have small beginnings.
Gentlemen, you will see the day
when more colleges will be added. It
is imperative that we lay a foundation
for big things in the future."
UFPresident Albert A. Mur-
phree, addressing the faculty in 9og9.
Four colleges, engineering among
them, were officially formed before
the iqo190-Q1 schoolyear.


"Dr. Benton was one of the finest
professors that ever taught at the
university up there."
- Leon B. "Skeet" Thrasher (B.S. CE 1913), who became a leading
expert on Florida's roads. In 1925, Thrasher built U.S. 441 across
Payne's Prairie andsilenced critics who claimed the road would
succumb to its marshy surroundings. When he died in 19g9, Thrasher
was a week shy of his rooth birthday, the last charter member of the
Florida Engineering Society, and the oldest UF alumnus.

These buildings, now named Keene-Flint Hall and Newell Hall,
respectively, gave Gator Engineering a home until the College
found a more permanent location the following year.

1914 "M EWi

This building was later
renamed Benton Hall in
honor of the College's
founding dean.

UMWcI 9 UL. "fiwuj. *m

University activities put on hold

32 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

Now called Walker Hall, the College's second building was
located adjacent to the first, Benton Hall.


i d
_-- WE STt UNION ""


John Benton often used his summers
for continuing education. In 1921, he
went to Pittsburgh for a course at
Westinghouse, where he met a 24-year-
old recently married electrical engineer
named Joseph Well.
"I thought, 'what
could be nicer than
to get a job with
an educational
institution where
you worked a few ma
hours a day I Gu
thought and have th
the rest of the day un
and night to do whatBe
comes naturally!"' cal
-Joseph Weilon why hepursueda career
in academia. At2 o'clock in the afternoon who
on the day after Labor Day in 1921, Weil Uni\
and his new bride, Anna, arrivedin cc
Gainesville on a wood-burning train, of th
Benton met them at the station in his
car and took them to the Commercial D
Hotel. For theirfirst meal in Hogtown, "De
Weil walked to a nearby tobacco store Me
and bought what turned out to be a dry
orange (and at i5, it was expensive) and Jan
a box ofmoldy crackers.



j NwDead

The F.F.F.- Florida's Faithful
-ive exists no more. Death has
de a breach in the line of the Old
ard, and the surviving four stand
tten- too much hurt to tell what
ey are suffering. The sudden and
expected demise of him who was
them successively Doctor, Dean,
nton, John even if they did not
I him by his first name is all the
e a shock, for he is the first of the
little group of men, thirteen in all,
formed the original faculty of the
versity of Florida, to die while still
'nnected with the institution; and
e five remaining until now on the
campus, he was the youngest.
r. C. L. Crow in an article titled
death Calls Dean Benton: Beloved
mber oj I'/ -, i. FaithfulFive"
Yields to Pneumonia at Home on
uary 8,"publishedin The Florida
Alumnus, January 193o


B.S. EE, Purdue University, 1915/M. S.
ME, University ofCalifornia,i92o /M.E.,
- Purdue University, 1922 / Sc.D., Washing-
ton andJefferson University, 1943 /D. Eng.,
Purdue University, 1944

"The local people got interested
in trying to sell Gainesville to
the rest of the world, and so went
to the legislature, and prevailed
upon the legislature ... to make
a powerful radio station so that
they could sell Gainesville to
New York and Atlanta and
Boston and what have you."
- Joseph Well, on the founding of the area's first radio station. The
state legislature in 1925 appropriated $5o, o oo for the station, but
it wasn't enough. Two years later, it added an additional $oo, ooo
andput the station under the supervision ofthe College ofEngineer-
ing. Dean John Benton chose Weil, then the headofelectricalengi-
neering, to oversee it. Headed to family vacation in Pittsburgh,
Weilandhis wife, Anna, took the later-legendary radio announcer
RedBarber, who hadjustgraduatedfrom UF, with them so he
could interview for ajob at WLWin Cincinnati.

"Yes, we were supposed
to teach students. We
also had a faculty and
it was part of our ob-
ligation to build our
faculty. And it was also
an obligation that the
professional knowl-
edge that we had
should be available not
only to the University
of Florida, but to the
state as a whole. And it
was not unusual for us
to get calls... that they
had a problem, could
we help them with the
problem. We would in
every case do so."
-Joseph Weilon his philosophy of the
College ofEngineering's role

1934 "TheAth
able to dc
& SYSTEMS cost is the
prepare a



between I 7'i. p l.m.lnd1

wirs ighibulb a. per-]1

i; ? LL J ../',,,II...'t ,,,.. ,, ), ie.i
M.S., University ofPittsburgh, 1926 /D.Sc.,
Jacksonville University, 9i 6o
Joseph Weil had a budget of $67,000 and a
payroll of 24 people when he became dean.

letic Department is anxious to secure an
on the cost of lighting the stadium for
ball. There is a possibility that we may be
this in the near future, and of course the
most important factor. Consequently
king that, if possible, you and your staff .
n estimate of the cost of this installation."
3eard, assistant athletic director, in a letter
Weil, Sept. 28, 1937

The state's funding of the Engineering and Indus-
trial Experiment Station helped grow the College's
research program. "By conducting research at our
own University on problems of direct interest to
the industries of the State, we imbue our graduates
with the needs and requirements of Florida."
Ralph A. Morgen, EIES director, in a 195o report
"While we can't say we developed the proximity
fuze, we certainly added to the development of
that fuze very materially."
-Joseph Weilon the College's war-era research
efforts. Theproximityfuze allowed missiles to be
activated when they neared their targets.

34 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu


"It was an interesting time... Because many
of the students were older and interested
only in getting their education, I think
I had more acceptance. UF prepared me
very well. I was not spoon fed
and the faculty always en-
couraged the students to
reach beyond where we
could touch easily."
Maryly Van Leer Peck (M.S. CHE '55, Ph.D.
CHE '63) in The Florida Engineer, January i985. Peck,
who was the daughter ofthe College's seconddean, went
to a successful career in both industry and academia.



,q B. EE, Rensselaer
Polytechnic Institute, 1942 /
M. EE, RPI,i948/Ph.D.,
Stanford University, ig5i


M4 U

January 21, 1964, was a red letter day for engineering education
in the state of Florida. On that date, the State Cabinet Board of
Education gave final approval to the Graduate Engineering Edu-
cation System (GENESYS) program of the College of Engineer-
ing. This approval gave final clearance to launching the program
and a target date of January, 1965, was set for the operation of all
units of GENESYS. Preliminary operation, in temporary facilities
at some of the locations, may be feasible by July, 1964.
Florida Engineering News, publication ofthe Engineering and
Industrial Experiment Station, February 1964

1953 A
The annual event had been on hiatus
since the days of WWII, but in honor of
the University's 150th anniversary, once
again became an every-year thing.


tra t .s. -

Engneeingndldusrie Buldng


Built in 1912 to house the
College of Engineering and
Department of Physics,
Benton Hall was recently
condemned after 53 years of
service to the University of
Florida. The building was re-
cently evacuated because the
north and south walls were
found to be leaning outward.
This condition is attributed to
the weight of the heavy tile
roof with a 45 degree pitch
and the fact that there were
no horizontal ties to resist the
outward thrust.
- Engineering Facts From
Gatorland, Vol. 2, No. 2

1970 *
"These buildings, representing eco-
nomical construction and flexibility of
design, are a major asset to the State of
Florida. The nine buildings cost over
$8.5 million...As we move into the de-
cade of the seventies, and toward our
goal of excellence in engineering educa-
tion, it is now up to the faculty and the
students to prove that the investment
by the Legislature, the University Ad-
ministration and the various Federal
agencies was justified."
-Dean Robert U7 i, in theprogramfor Engineering Complex Dedication.
The dedication included the naming offour noteworthy buildings: the new
Benton Hall, after the College'sfounding dean,John R. Benton, whose origi-
nal namesake building had been torn down four yearsprior; Black Hall in
honor ofinfluential and accomplished chemistry and environmental engineer-
ing Research Professor Emeritus Alvin Percy Black; Larsen Hall in memory
offormer electricalengineering department Chair MerwinJ. Larsen, who led
the department through a 14-yearperiodoftremendouspost-war growth until
his death in 19 65; and WeilHall, in honor ofDean EmeritusJoseph Weil,
who spent his entire 45-year academic career in the College.

Larry Hench, professor of Materi-
als Science & Engineering, created
Bioglass, the first manmade material
to bond to living bone.

B.S. EE, National Chiao Tung Univer-
sity, 1944 /M.S. EE, University of
Washington, 949 /Ph.D. EE, Math,
University of Washington, 19S2

B.S. ME, University jl-! .. 1 948
/M.S., Iowa State University, 950 /
Ph.D., Iowa State, 1954

36 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

"So I wrote him a letter, and told
him'I would love to work under
you on my Ph.D., but I can't come
if I don't have financial assistance
because I am too poor.' Within a
month he wrote me back saying he
was happy to receive me as a student
and that he would take care of
the rest. Before I knew it, I was here
{in Gainesville, Fla.J. That letter was
the turning point in my life."
PramodKhargonekar, who would later become
the College's eighth dean
Living in Bombay, India, Pramod Khargonekar
was about to start graduate school and wanted
to study with the best: Rudolf Kalman, a world
authority in systems theory and professor
in UF's Department of Electrical Engineering.

The $19-million New Engineering Building
was dedicated in February 1997 after two
years of construction. With 135,000 gross
square feet, the building houses classroom,
office and laboratory space for the depart-
ments of Environmental Engineering Sci-
ences, Aerospace Engineering, Mechanics
and Engineering Sciences, and Electrical
and Computer Engineering.

B.S. ME, Virginia Polytechnic
Institute, 1963/M. AE, University
r .,, ., i966/D.Sc.AE,
University of Virginia, i968

Philip D. "Don" Estridge, an IBM executive
and active University of Florida alumnus,
was one of 132 people killed Friday after-
noon in the fiery crash of Delta Air Lines
Flight 191 near Dallas. As corporate vice-
president for manufacturing, Estridge had
led IBM's effort to develop the company's
personal computer.
The Gainesville Sun, Aug. 6, 1985,
reporting on the tragedy that killed both
Estridge and his wife, Mary Ann. V

UF alumnus
one of 132
who died
UF Inl.or."lln ,ric
Philp D "D-r, Enirid. en r IBM
c-lCr .n : aivd LIver ly or
f Ii o Dela Air Lines Fllg1
i .1 o DaMlls
&n ror'i-p' rf^tIreainr ror
Binaui.itucnrift trlIBC 1Md led
IBM's dfrIMt 1 dUPelop Ite cempa-
*ny p rt:l:al imntpule
E-ac Mau E--crilri naa". Wdei




What began as the GENESYS
Program, then became FEEDS,
then OEEP, was transformed
into an all digital, Internet-based
program. Today, Dr. Pamela
Dickrell (Ph.D. ME'05) leads
UF EDGE, which enables stu-
dents to earn complete master's
degrees entirely online.

,J~~ ~U Presmi'I -P.'I

^*BsBBilrpB~ I lMBliiff 1'i ^
11ti! 1 i rT Ell MfTBriiHdent B ernie

1 il Hia^F~iiTn,*ll l niiT3 Mah e

4B. Tech. EE, Indian Institute of Technol-
ogy -Bombay, 9177/M.S. Mathematics,
University ofFlorida, 98o /Ph.D. EE,
University ofFlorida, i98i
Pramod Khargonekar was the first Gator
Engineer to return to his alma mater and
become dean.



"There is a clear national consen-
sus that biomedical engineering is
a very important emerging field...
While we have had a graduate pro-
gram in Biomedical Engineering,
there is a growing sense that it is
time to firm a Department of
Biomedical Engineering.

_'ll/ t. '" i. . ,l, .1-, ,,,1 /%.,, %.. .

B.S. MSE, MIT, 980o M.S. MSE,
Stanford University, 1982 /Ph.D.
MSE, Stanford University, i985




Relaxed and tranquil thrives in competitive Silicon Valley

M ichael Hsing has spent a lifetime with his gaze fixed firmly on the
Whether it was moving from Shanghai, China to study engi-
neering at the University of Florida (B.S. E.E.), building one of the
world's leading analog semiconductor companies, or competing
in high-performance aircraft, his focus on what's ahead remains precise and
Despite the demands of his ultra-competitive, high-stakes global field, Hsing,
o5, is not a man of unbridled intensity. He's devoted to his wife and son and
refuses to subscribe to the typical 24-7 Silicon Valley schedule.

The president, chief executive officer
and director ofMonolithic Power Systems
Inc. is as relaxed and tranquil as the
shady, tree-lined office park that's home
to the company known as MPS.
"We work hard and strive to do our
best," Hsing said of his 65o-person
team, "but at the same time, we
must enjoy it."
That theme is evident throughout
Hsing's entire operation where
meetings rarely last more than an hour,
laughter punctuates employee conver-
sations and the air hums with a blend
of creativity and efficiency.
"When I started the company I had
no actual business plan. No document.
We only had a simple idea behind it,"
said Hsing, who held senior techni-
cal positions at companies such as

38 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

Supertex, Inc. and Micrel, Inc before
launching MPS in 1997.
"That actually had many benefits.
We improvised and engaged and
we reacted very quickly to business
conditions and opportunities in the
marketplace. And the current organi-
zation is operated in this way. We're
very nimble, extremely efficient. We
can change direction in days."
MPS' advanced analog and mixed-
signal semiconductors are used
extensively in computing and network
communications devices, LCD moni-
tors and TVs, and a wide variety of
consumer and portable electronics.
The SanJose-based firm has grown
at a staggering rate annual revenue
increased by an average of 46 percent
between 2003 and 2008. Last year MPS
reported annual revenue of $161 mil-
the symbol MPWR.
"We see a billion dollar business
ahead of us" Hsing said.
Incredibly, Hsing has found time
to fit another passionate pursuit into
his life.
Several years ago he began tak-
ing flying lesson to combat a fear of
heights. He received his pilot's license
in March 2007 and six months later
began training in aerobatics, which
involves rotation of the aircraft on
its longitudinal (roll) axis or lateral
(pitch) axis.
Aerobatics, although graceful in
its movements, pushes both the pilot
and the machine to their individual
limits. In some countries, the pilot
must wear a parachute when perform-
ing. Hsing recently placed 8th at a
Western states event.
His plane is a German-made, car-
bon-fiber machine that slices through
the sky with a 30o-horsepower
engine. The MPS logo is emblazoned
in blue on both sides, framed by the
aircraft's distinctive silver-and-red
color scheme.
It pulls a lot more Gs than the Red
Baron," he said with a smile, proudly
pointing to a framed picture in his office.
And while they are two distinct and
separate aspects of his life, the paral-
lels between engineering and aerobat-
ics are undeniable.
"They're both about solving
problems," Hsing said. "They're
both about dealing with an unusual
environment. How do you react when
continuously challenged? The answer
to that is what defines fulfillment
and success." a


Andre DuPont, B.S. CHE
recently published the book "An American
Solution for Reducing Carbon Emissions:
Averting Global Warming Creating Green
Energy and Sustainable Employment"

John (Jay) Brown, B.S. CISE
was promoted to senior development manager,
CNN Broadcast Production Systems, in 2008.
He's a member of the technical staff at CN N
that was recognized in 2008 by the National
Academy of Television Arts and Sciences for
its development and implementation of an in-
tegrated and portable IP-based live edit, store-
and-forward digital news-gathering system.
In September 2007, CNN was recognized for
development of the same IP-based contribution
system with the IBC Innovation Award.

C. Andre Rayman, B.S. Survey and
Mappintg, P.S.M, GISP
Rayman was named president of Engenuity
Group, Inc. Rayman who has been with
Engenuity Group, Inc. since 1988, was made

director of the firm's survey department in
2003. In June of 2004, he became one of
the first geographic information systems
professionals in the country to receive the
designation geographic information systems
professional by the GIS Certification Institute.
Rayman was named a partner in the firm in
May of 2005. He developed and managed
the GIS Systems for the Town of Lake Clarke
Shores, the Town of Ocean Ridge, the Town of
Gulf Stream and Northern Palm Beach County
Improvement District. He has also played an
active role in the local community by serving on
the Countywide GIS Technical Committee and
by being a member of the Florida Surveying and
Mapping Society. 1992

Michael Washington, B.S. ISE
became the deputy director of the Prepared-
ness Modeling Unit at the CDC. The goal of
the expertise both internally and internationally
is to support the development of models and
modeling programs emergency response
cycle (i.e., mitigation, preparation, response,
recovery), with the aim of improving community
resilience to and recovery from health crises.
They plan to work with models in all areas of the
CDC, including but not limited to transmissible
disease epidemics (HiNi pandemic influenza
virus), food-borne disease outbreaks, toxic
exposures, hurricanes and other calamitous
weather-related events, CBRNE terrorism
events, etc... Eventually, they will move into



modeling STIs, chronic diseases, and other
public health systems. "Medical Decision Mak-
ing" was published this summer on the capacity
and cost of a mass influenza/pneumococcal
vaccination clinic, which is very timely consider-
ing the potential of mass influenza vaccination
campaigns this influenza season. He will also
travel to Uganda to train U.S. and African
graduate students about economic epidemio-
logical modeling.

Jason Kirk, M.E. EES
serves as a Lieutenant Colonel in the Charleston
South Carolina District of the U.S. Army Corps
of Engineers where he assumed command in July.

Deanna Hasenauer Pafundi, B.S.
NRE, M.S. NRE'06, Ph.D. NRE'09
is a clinical medical physics fellow at Mayo Clinic
in Rochester, Minn. Her work has been published
in many journals. She continues her research in
radiation treatment accuracy.

Amanda York Ely, Ph.D. BME
is a scientist at RTI Biologics in Alachua, Fla.

prort drig sad."f nyhng deem into
the day ofJ hi*vrhpee vnuly

cls wo3 wit I watdlae hm3oMcoot

Jane said, "Come, Dick.
Come and look.
Oh, come and look at the wonderful
supplemental material available on
The Florida Engineer Web site!"

I0 wwwthelordangiee n .

wher-e nature a land cultum-e ni-eet
lww.VisitGainesville.com 18661778-50021

40 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu


Nathan Currier, B.S. CCE
M.E. CCE '08
is a bridge designer with Finely Engineering Group,
Inc. As a structural engineering graduate research
assistant, he researched the cracking behavior in
prestressed segmental bridges under thermal and
mechanical loading, utilized analysis and testing
methods in structural applications and conducted
data analysis and reporting. Currier has been active
in both professional and community organizations
including the American Society of Civil Engineers,
ASCE Southeast Conference steel bridge team,
and a Hurricane Katrina relief project.

Judah Richardson, M.S. MAE
joined Cessna Aircraft Co. in Wichita, Kansas and
works on their business jets as a stress engineer.
Ricardson says he is headed to Wolfram Alpha in
Champaign, Illinois as a research engineer.

Lauren Sher, B.S. CCE
is a civil engineer with the utility engineering
group at Calvin, Giordano & Associates in
Fort Lauderdale. She's currently part of a team
working on the next generation of water supply -
treating wastewater to extremely high standards
for reuse. She is also an active member of Emerge
Broward, a young professionals group which hap-
pens to be full of Florida Gators.

Steven Rushing, B.S. MAE
is attending Vanderbilt University Law School
with a focus in patent law.

David Tumblin, M.S. ISE
is a systems engineer with DRS Tactical Systems,
Inc. in Melbourne, Fla.



NSF CAREER, PECASE and YIP awards are the most
prestigous honor bestowed on young reserachers
CAREER communication, simulations using
AWARDS data storage, and innovative numeri-
imaging functional- cal methods and
ities into existing minimal empiricism
integrated circuit to understand the
technologies, and physical processes
significantly extend that govern mixed 4A N
the chip capacity flow/powder snow between structure
00 through functional avalanches and microscopic
diversification. properties of piezo-
CISE electric ceramics in
Tamer Kahveci the time domain.
won a CAREER This will be accom-
award for polished by develop-
developing ing time-resolved
mathematically 9 4% stroboscopic data
sound algorithms 0 7 collection.
for comparing two MSE
pathways so the ECE Michele Manuel YIP
entities that map Tao Li won a CAREER
are functionally, won a CAREER award to increase
homologically and award to construct the room tem- As
topologically new foundations perature ductil-
similar. for many-core ity of magnesium
scale architecture alloys through
analysis, modeling nano-particle
and optimization. reinforcement.
received the
DoD YIP Award
for her research
CISE proposal entitled
Alper Ong& All: "C-WMD: Mod-
won a CAREER 4 els, Complexity,
award for combin- ECE and Algorithms
ing the strengths Liuqing Yang in Complex Dy-
of theoretical won the CAREER ECE namic and Evolv-
algorithms (time award to establish David Arnold ing Networks."
complexity, output distributed data won a PECASE
size optimality, and storage and collec- award to find new
quality guarantees) tion mechanisms and better ways
and practical to optimize to make and us
heuristics (ease of the ACCustic magnetic rnicr:_
implementation, Underwater Sensor systems" 7t1ny
performance in NETwork devices that can
practice, scability). performance. act as switches,
pumps, valves or ISE
perform other Vladimir
functions for Boginski
0 industrial, medical, received the DoD
V military and con- Yl P Award for his
sumer products. research proposal
6 14 "New Robustness
MSE Characteristics
ECE MAE Jacob Jones and Phase Transi-
Jing Guo Andreas won a PECASE tion Problems for
won a CAREER Haselbacher award to establish Complex Net-
award for engineer- won a CAREER a new framework works in Dynamic
ing graphene for award to produce to investigate and Uncertain
integration of predictive the relationship Environments."


successful companies and individuals know investing in the
future is never an option, but a necessity.

The University of Florida College of
Pharmacy is working in partnership with
the Stetson University School of Business
Administration to offer a combined program
leading to two degrees designed to give you
a competitive edge in a downsizing economy.

SMSPharm: The UF College of Pharmacy
provides expertise in Applied Pharmaco-
economics, the cornerstone of success in
pharmaceutical & biomedical businesses.

) MBA: Stetson University provides
foundational expertise in marketing &
management for career advancement in
the business world.

Each institution transfers credit from the other
to allow for the completion of both degrees
in as little as three years.

Relocation is not necessary. All courses are
taught online, making the program ideally
suited for today's working professionals.
Courses are no more than 7 weeks in length
and there is no thesis required for either
program. Students with an undergraduate
degree in any discipline are welcome to apply.

viitth pogamWe it ERatY

while it maybe tempting
in today's very challeng-
ing economic climate
to apply our resources
solely to today's priori-
ties, we must continuously think about
what we are doing to nurture an environ-
ment for future opportunity and success.
I believe a key part of our return to
economic stability lies
in rejecting hasty reac-
tions and having con-
fidence and optimism
that our nation will
recover from this reces-
sion and be even better
than before. When that
time comes, we will
need the skills of many
talented, well-educated individuals on
whom we can rely for the continued
success and growth of our businesses
and communities.
Harris Corp. has a lengthy record of
commitment to supporting education-
al programs at all levels, especially in
the areas of math and science. We are
especially proud of our long association
with the University of Florida and are
honored to count some 850 UF gradu-
ates among our talented employees.
Instead of reducing our financial sup-
port of educational initiatives during this
recession, I think that right nowis actu-
ally the very best time for us to invest in

the future of our companies and by ex-
tension- the state of Florida. To that end,
Harris is providing a $3 million gift to
create the Harris Gateway to Learning &
Innovation in the University of Florida's
College of Engineering, Computer and
Information Sciences building.
The Harris Gateway is aptly named,
in that it will provide a'door' to many
benefits. It will sup-
port the recruitment
and development of
outstanding fac-
ulty, enhance industry
partnerships, create a
dynamic educational
model, produce better
scientists, and play a
key role in recruiting
outstanding students to UF.
Times of economic uncertainty do have
some benefits. One is that they force us to
focus on what really matters. At Harris,
we know that our investments in educa-
tion and university partnerships pay divi-
dends many times over. These initiatives
are helping to ensure development of a
highly skilled and diverse workforce that
will carry Harris and other companies
into the future,well past this recession.
I encourage you to share our vision
of optimism and continue to invest in
higher education.
Howard Lance
CEO andpresident, Harris Corp.

To find out how you can help the College contact: MEG HENDRYX I Senior Director of
Development I mhendryx@ufl.edu


4 4r \

(~iN >1

A /I //


1924 William H. Keen OCT. I, 1969 1928 A. L. ClaytonJr. ST AUGUSTINE, FLA., JULY 29, 2009 1931 Edward J. Hill B.S. ME TALLAHASSEE, FLA.,
DEC. 22,2004 I Alden F. McDonald B.S. EE PORTLAND, MAINE,AUG. 20,20091933 ClydeA. BradyJr. B.S. CHE ST. AUGUSTINE, FLA., NOV. 3, 1993
1934 Everard L. Stuhrman B.S. EE DELRAY BEACH, FLA., NOV. 18,20041935 Joel R. Baker B.S. CHE LAUDERHILL, FLA., AUG. 20,2007 | Henry R.
Harper WILMETTE, ILL., DEC. I, 1987 I Vivian W MossJr. B.S. CHE ST. PETE BEACH, FLA., JAN. 22, 2008 1936 Col. Charles W MathenyJr. B.S. CE
ZOLFO SPRINGS, FLA., APRIL 30, 20071938 Edward L. Bonney B.S. ME OLD LYME, CONN.,JULY 23,20031939 Colonel BertW Humphries B.S. ME
OCEANSIDE, CALIF., FEB. 20, 20061940 Wallace F.Armstrong M.S. BATON ROUGE, LA., MAY 15, 2009 | Overby C. BranchJr. B.S. CHE OCALA, FLA.,
MAY 30,20091941 Walter F. Taylor B.S. CE ATHENS, GA., DEC. 2, 20021946John E. Lake MSE SCHENECTADY, N.Y., AUG. 22, 20021947 Orland
M. Brown Jr. M.S. CHE BATON ROUGE, LA., MAY 8,2009 1949 Christopher W Holtz B. CE YOUNGSVILLE, N.C., MARCH 5, 2007 JoelT. Rodgers
B.S. ME ST. PETERSBURG, FLA., NOV. 14,2008 1950 PhilipJ. Lawson B. IE HILTON HEAD ISLAND, S.C., MAY 19,2009 1953 Robert C. WatkinsJr. B.
CHE BORGER, TEXAS,JAN. 27,20091955 William O. Rowell B. IE LEXINGTON, S.C., MAY 6,20091957Alfred E. Crosby B. EE GAINESVILLE, FLA.,
AUG. 9, 2009 I Bobby R.Jacobs B. CE DECATUR, ALA., MAY 15, 2009 1958 James W Follansbee B.S. ME JAN. I, 1976 1959 Albert L. Dryden B.S.
EE MELBOURNE, FLA.,JUNE 19, 2009 1962 KennethW Causseaux B.S. CE SORRENTO, FLA.,JULY 30,2009 | Alton R. McMullen B. EE INVERNESS,
FLA., DEC. 14, 20071963 David E. Knittle B. ME SANJOSE, CALIF., MAY 18, 2009 I Fraser D. Smithson B. ME NAPLES, FLA.,JUNE 12, 2009 1964
Michael Callahan B. EE ATLANTA, GA., NOV. 21, 2007 1968 RichardJ. Adams M.S. MELBOURNE BEACH, FLA., MAY I, 2009 1971 Kenneth B. Fess
M.E. ROSEVILLE, CALIF., OCT. 16, 2004 1975 Ronald W Meyer M.S. EE ETOWAH, N.C., JUNE 16, 2009 1977 Dr. Thomas H. Culpepper PH.D.
CE FAIRFAX, VA., JUNE 27, 2009 1978 Jaime M. Benavides B.S. EAE KEY WEST, FLA., MAY 4, 2009 1979 Dr. Gerald W McDonald M.E. ISE
JACKSONVILLE, FLA., JUNE 16, 2009 I Cheryl H. Watson B.S. CE MECHANICSVILLE, VA., AUG. 5, 2009 1982 Capt. John H. McGugan B.S. EAE
MIAMI, FLA.,JUNE 20,2009 1983James W Parkes M.S. EE TRENTON, FLA.,JULY 22, 2009 1986 David A. Smith B.S. CIS BOYNTON BEACH, FLA.,
MAY 4, 2007 1987 Thomas P. Acker B.S. CIS LONGWOOD, FLA., DEC. 20, 2000 | Andrew D. Grose III B.S. EE SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, OCT. 24,
2003 1995 JeffreyV. Capps B.S. ENS SAINT CLOUD, FLA.,JULY 2,2009 1996 Jeffrey P. Micklow B.S. ENE PORT SAINT LUCIE, FLA.,JULY 13, 2009



I I-


These words aren't in the thesaurus next to engineering, perhaps they should be

fall. It's a time to reflect, renew, reinvent and
even create.
It's the beginning of 1,121 freshman engineer-
ing careers; 19 companies looking to 145 Inte-
grated Product & Process Design students to solve their
problems in the next 8 1/2 months; 51,ooo backpack-laden
students getting lost in the maze that is Turlington Hall;
102,000 season-invincible flip-flops spanking the Reitz
Union's terrazzo floor (yes, they will be wearing flip-flops
when it's 30 degrees); and of course... the return of Ga-
tor football's mesmerizing grip on the Gator Nation. But
there's also a nostalgia that takes over especially for the
faculty and staff, some of whom are Gators by earned rite,
others Gators by proximity.
In the flux of the fall hubbub, hunting for parking, com-
batting the September love-bug infestation, and putting
together this issue of The Florida Engineer, history replaced
nostalgia when I came across this gem from 60 years ago,
published in the first issue EVER of the magazine:


"The first issue of the FLORIDA ENGINEER is now a
reality. We of the staffsincerely hope it meets with your ap-
proval. A small group of University of Florida engineering
students have worked thispast summer to produce this ini-
tial copy ofyour magazine. As we garner more of the talents
and efforts of the engineering college student body, we hope
to make subsequent issues of the FLORIDA ENGINEER
better andbetter. From you, our readers, we earnestly
solicit ideas, articles, criticism and remarks. Let's make the
FLORIDA ENGINEER the bestpublication i I /' '
Staff note in The Florida Engineer,
November 1950

This earnest message reflects the same energy and excite-
ment our small staff and merry band of freelancers feel
creating this magazine for you. And even funnier is that it
asks for what we still need more of: interaction from you.
So, as the College gears up for its iooth anniversary, many
of these pages pay homage to our decorated past through
timelines, old photos, good stories, and even the Engineer
Update (to which you should contribute). You'll also read
how the state of Florida is reestablishing its economy by
reinventing itself as technological powerhouse through
partnerships with UF and other Florida universities, com-
munity colleges and industry. Creation abounds as our new
dean, Cammy Abernathy, breaks the mold not only by
becoming the first woman to steer the College, but also as
she reexamines how we teach engineering. This summer,
just as she was transitioning from associate dean to dean, she
was introducing freshman engineers to the tangible side of
engineering two years earlier than usual. This is an amaz-
ing time for our College. Our history is rich, and our future
is brighter than the culmination of flash bulbs when Tim
Tebow throws a jump pass. This is Gator Engineering, and
I'm thrilled to be along for the ride.
As you (hopefully) enjoy this issue of The Florida Engi-
neer, take a moment to reflect on your time at UF. Renew
connections and passions in your own world, or even reach
back into this one. Reinvent the routine. And, create... but,
well, you already do that you are an engineer.


Nicole Cisneros McKeen,
EDITOR I nmckeen@eng.ufl.edu

44 www.thefloridaengineer.eng.ufl.edu

Students first
published the
FE 69 years
ago. It was
produced by
them until
the early 80s.






Enineering a undn Heat CaeIIframratio System I Enineering Edcaion I Naoehnlg
1o more inf a a u n g t - Se.g ufl ed
Toreiserfo M s A.s C a fo S I M a N R E,
Department0 torpeetton0 n eerto .banquets0 go- to 10e ra-en ufe
I~* ~ ~ *6 0 O 00 66 .- -

UF College of Engineering
P.O. BOX 116550
GAINESVILLE, FL 32611-6550




VA LA B LE CE RTI Fl CATE Three classes, one year.
With complete online delivery from UF EDGE, you can ENV 6932: Green Engineering Design & Sustainability
continue your Gator Engineering education without with Dr Angela Lindner
disrupting your current career. EES 6318: Principles of Industrial Ecology
with Prof J.J. Delfino
EMA 6938: Materials & Sustainability
with Dr. Amelia Dempere

UF Colegeof Enineeing geo- Led

UF iCollege of Engineering

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