Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Letters to various persons
 Supplementary letters
 Modern Christianity, exemplified...
 A letter to the Rev. Mr. Walke...
 Second letter to the Rev....
 Third letter to the Rev. Mr....
 Fourth letter to the Rev....
 A letter to the Rev. Thomas...
 A letter to the Rev. Mr. Clark...
 Second letter to the Rev....
 A letter to a friend
 Letter to Mr. N
 Reasons against a separation from...
 A letter to a friend
 A letter to the Rev. Mr. Venn
 Address to the travelling...
 Some thoughts upon an important...
 On hearing ministers who oppose...
 Of attending the church
 Thoughts upon some late occurr...
 Letter to the Methodist Confer...
 Letter to Dr. Coke, Mr. Asbury,...
 On the church: In a letter to the...
 Of separation from the church
 Thoughts upon Methodism
 An answer to an important...
 Thoughts on separation from the...
 Thoughts upon a late phenomeno...
 To certain persons in Dublin
 To the printer of the Dublin...
 Farther thoughts on separation...
 The case of Birstal House
 A letter to the Methodist preachers...
 The case of Dewsbury House
 Four letters to Mr. John Atlay
 A word to whom it may concern
 A short account of the School in...
 A plain account of Kingswood...
 Remarks on the state of Kingswood...
 A short history of the people called...
 Letter to the monthly reviewer...
 Second letter to the monthly...
 Letter to a friend concerning a...
 A letter to Mr. T. H., alias Philodemas,...
 A letter to Mr. G. R., alias R....
 A letter to the editor of the "London...
 A letter to the editor of Lloyd's...
 Remarks on Mr. H.'s account of...
 Some remarks on Article X. of Mr....
 Thoughts on a late publication
 Thoughts upon Baron Montesquieu's...
 Letter to the Rev. Mr. Furly
 Thoughts on the character and writings...
 Thoughts on the writings of Baron...
 Remarks on the Count de Buffon's...
 Remarks upon Mr. Locke's "Essay...
 Remarks on Mr. Bryant's "Analysis...
 Thoughts upon taste
 Thoughts on the power of music
 A thought on the manner of educating...
 Thoughts on genius
 Thoughts on memory
 Thoughts on suicide
 Of the gradual improvement of natural...
 Remarks on the limits of human...
 Conversation with the Bishop of...
 An account of the disturbances...
 Calvinistic controversy
 Queries respecting the Methodi...
 Notices concerning deceased...
 Directions to the stewards of the...
 Remarkable Providence
 Directions concerning pronunciation...

Group Title: The works of the Rev. John Wesley, A.M. : sometime Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford.
Title: The works of the Rev. John Wesley, A.M.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076196/00013
 Material Information
Title: The works of the Rev. John Wesley, A.M. sometime Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford
Physical Description: 14 v. : ; 21 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Wesley, John, 1703-1791
Publisher: Wesleyan Conference Office
Place of Publication: London
Publication Date: 1872
Subject: Theology -- Early works to 1800   ( lcsh )
Theology -- History -- 18th century   ( lcsh )
Methodism   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
General Note: With the last corrections of the author.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076196
Volume ID: VID00013
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 03171266

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Letters to various persons
        Page 1
        To Robert Carr Brackenbury, Esq., of Raithby, Lincolnshire
            Page 1
            Page 2
            Page 3
            Page 4
            Page 5
            Page 6
            Page 7
            Page 8
            Page 9
        Twenty letters to Mr. Zechariah Yewdall
            Page 10
            Page 11
            Page 12
            Page 13
            Page 14
            Page 15
            Page 16
        Sixteen letters to Miss Bishop
            Page 17
            Page 18
            Page 19
            Page 20
            Page 21
            Page 22
            Page 23
            Page 24
            Page 25
            Page 26
            Page 27
            Page 28
            Page 29
            Page 30
            Page 31
            Page 32
            Page 33
            Page 34
            Page 35
            Page 36
            Page 37
            Page 38
        Four letters to Mr. John Baxendale, of Wigan
            Page 39
            Page 40
        To -
            Page 41
        Three letters to Miss Frances Godfrey, of Gainsborough
            Page 42
        Seven letters to the Rev. Walter Sellon
            Page 43
            Page 44
            Page 45
        Four letters to Miss D. Perronet
            Page 46
            Page 47
        Four letters to Miss J. C. M.
            Page 48
            Page 49
            Page 50
        Twenty-two letters to Miss Ritchie, afterwards Mrs. Mortimer
            Page 51
            Page 52
            Page 53
            Page 54
            Page 55
            Page 56
            Page 57
            Page 58
            Page 59
            Page 60
            Page 61
            Page 62
            Page 63
            Page 64
            Page 65
        To Mr. Robert Marsden, Sheffield
            Page 66
        To Mr. C. Glascott, Jesus College, Oxon - To Mr. (afterwards Dr.) John Whitehead
            Page 67
            Page 68
        To Miss C -, Armagh - To Mrs. Knapp, Worcester - Seven letters to the Rev. Freeborn Garrettson, of the Methodist Episcopal Church in America
            Page 69
            Page 70
            Page 71
            Page 72
            Page 73
        To the Rev. Francis Asbury
            Page 74
        Fifteen letters to Miss Hester Ann Roe, afterwards Mrs. Rogers
            Page 75
            Page 76
            Page 77
            Page 78
            Page 79
            Page 80
            Page 81
            Page 82
            Page 83
            Page 84
            Page 85
            Page 86
        Ten letters to Miss Patty Chapman
            Page 87
            Page 88
            Page 89
            Page 90
        Two letters to Mr. William Simpson - Two letters to Mr. Robert Hopkins
            Page 91
        To E. B.
            Page 92
        To Mr. Alexander - Eight letters to Miss Cooke, afterwards Mrs. Clarke
            Page 93
            Page 94
            Page 95
            Page 96
            Page 97
            Page 98
            Page 99
        Eleven letters to Mr. Adam Clarke, afterwards Dr. Adam Clarke
            Page 100
            Page 101
            Page 102
            Page 103
            Page 104
            Page 105
        Thirteen letters to Miss Jane Bisson, afterwards Mrs. Cock, of St. Helier's, Jersey
            Page 106
            Page 107
            Page 108
            Page 109
            Page 110
            Page 111
            Page 112
        To Mr. William Percival, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne - Six letters to Mr. George Holder
            Page 113
            Page 114
        Three letters to Miss Harriet Lewis, of Dudley
            Page 115
            Page 116
        To Miss Rachel Jones, of Barton-le-Willows, near York - Two letters to Mrs. Ingram, of Limerick
            Page 117
        Three letters to Miss Rebecca Ingram
            Page 118
        To Mr. Charles Atmore - To Mr. James M'Donald
            Page 119
        To Mr. Edward Lewly, Birmingham - To Mr. Thomas Broadbent
            Page 120
        Three letters to Miss Elizabeth Baker, afterwards Mrs. Jordan of Monmouth
            Page 121
            Page 122
        To Mr. George Sykes - Mr. Benjamin Rhodes, Redruth - To Mr.
            Page 123
        Five letters to Mr. Samuel Bradburn
            Page 124
            Page 125
        To Miss Sophia Cook, afterwards Mrs. Bradburn - Eight letters to Miss Loxdale
            Page 126
            Page 127
            Page 128
            Page 129
            Page 130
            Page 131
        To Mr. C
            Page 132
        Two letters to the Rev. Mr. L
            Page 133
            Page 134
            Page 135
        Two letters to Mr. Theophilus Lessey
            Page 136
        To Mr. John Stretton, in Harbour-Grace, Newfoundland
            Page 137
        To Mr. George Blackall, of Brentford - To Mr. John Bausch
            Page 138
        To Mr. Victory Purdy, of Bristol - To Mr.
            Page 139
        To Mr.
            Page 140
            Page 141
        To Bishop Lowth
            Page 142
            Page 143
        To the Bishop of
            Page 144
        To the Bishop of
            Page 145
        To Sir Harry Trelawney
            Page 146
        To Mr.
            Page 147
            Page 148
        To Lady
            Page 149
        To Lord
            Page 150
        To a member of Parliament
            Page 151
        To the Rev. E. C., of Philadelphia
            Page 152
        To a Friend
            Page 153
        To Mr. John Booth - To Mr. York, of Stourport
            Page 154
    Supplementary letters
        Page 155
        To Dr. Kroker of Rotterdam
            Page 155
        To Mr. Viney, of Ysselstein - To Mr. Isaac Le Long, at Amsterdam - To Mr. Nathanael Price, of Cardiff
            Page 156
            Page 157
        Three letters to Mr. Howell Harris, of Trevecka
            Page 158
            Page 159
        To Mr. John Nelson
            Page 160
        Two letters to Mr. John Haime
            Page 161
        To the Rev. James Erskine - To Mr. Thomas Bigg, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
            Page 162
        To Mr. Thomas Rankin
            Page 163
        To Mr. John Valton - Two letters to Miss Bolton, of Witney
            Page 164
        Two Letters to Miss Newman, Cheltenham
            Page 165
        Three letters to Mr. Walter Churchey
            Page 166
            Page 167
        To Mr. Jasper Winscom
            Page 168
    Modern Christianity, exemplified at Wednesbury, and other adjacent places in Staffordshire
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
        Page 191
        Page 192
    A letter to the Rev. Mr. Walker
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
        Page 196
    Second letter to the Rev. Mr. Walker
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
    Third letter to the Rev. Mr. Walker
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 203
        Page 204
        Page 205
    Fourth letter to the Rev. Mr. Walker
        Page 206
    A letter to the Rev. Thomas Adams
        Page 207
        Page 208
        Page 209
    A letter to the Rev. Mr. Clarke
        Page 210
        Page 211
    Second letter to the Rev. Mr. Clarke
        Page 212
        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
    A letter to a friend
        Page 216
        Page 217
    Letter to Mr. N
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
    Reasons against a separation from the Church of England
        Page 225
        Page 226
        Page 227
        Page 228
        Page 229
        Page 230
        Page 231
    A letter to a friend
        Page 232
        Page 233
        Page 234
        Page 235
        Page 236
        Page 237
    A letter to the Rev. Mr. Venn
        Page 238
        Page 239
        Page 240
        Page 241
    Address to the travelling preachers
        Page 242
        Page 243
    Some thoughts upon an important question
        Page 244
    On hearing ministers who oppose the truth
        Page 245
    Of attending the church
        Page 246
        Page 247
    Thoughts upon some late occurrences
        Page 248
        Page 249
    Letter to the Methodist Conference
        Page 250
    Letter to Dr. Coke, Mr. Asbury, and our Brethren in North America
        Page 251
        Page 252
    On the church: In a letter to the Rev.
        Page 253
        Page 254
    Of separation from the church
        Page 255
        Page 256
        Page 257
    Thoughts upon Methodism
        Page 258
        Page 259
        Page 260
    An answer to an important question
        Page 261
        Page 262
    Thoughts on separation from the church
        Page 263
    Thoughts upon a late phenomenon
        Page 264
        Page 265
        Page 266
    To certain persons in Dublin
        Page 267
    To the printer of the Dublin Chronicle
        Page 268
        Page 269
        Page 270
        Page 271
    Farther thoughts on separation from the church
        Page 272
        Page 273
    The case of Birstal House
        Page 274
        Page 275
        Page 276
        Page 277
    A letter to the Methodist preachers (Circular)
        Page 278
    The case of Dewsbury House
        Page 279
    Four letters to Mr. John Atlay
        Page 280
        Page 281
    A word to whom it may concern
        Page 282
    A short account of the School in Kingswood, near Bristol
        Page 283
        Page 284
        Page 285
        Page 286
        Page 287
        Page 288
    A plain account of Kingswood School
        Page 289
        Page 290
        Page 291
        Page 292
        Page 293
        Page 294
        Page 295
        Page 296
        Page 297
        Page 298
        Page 299
        Page 300
    Remarks on the state of Kingswood School
        Page 301
        Page 302
    A short history of the people called Methodists
        Page 303
        Page 304
        Page 305
        Page 306
        Page 307
        Page 308
        Page 309
        Page 310
        Page 311
        Page 312
        Page 313
        Page 314
        Page 315
        Page 316
        Page 317
        Page 318
        Page 319
        Page 320
        Page 321
        Page 322
        Page 323
        Page 324
        Page 325
        Page 326
        Page 327
        Page 328
        Page 329
        Page 330
        Page 331
        Page 332
        Page 333
        Page 334
        Page 335
        Page 336
        Page 337
        Page 338
        Page 339
        Page 340
        Page 341
        Page 342
        Page 343
        Page 344
        Page 345
        Page 346
        Page 347
        Page 348
        Page 349
        Page 350
        Page 351
        Page 352
        Page 353
        Page 354
        Page 355
        Page 356
        Page 357
        Page 358
        Page 359
        Page 360
        Page 361
        Page 362
        Page 363
        Page 364
        Page 365
        Page 366
        Page 367
        Page 368
        Page 369
        Page 370
        Page 371
        Page 372
        Page 373
        Page 374
        Page 375
        Page 376
        Page 377
        Page 378
        Page 379
        Page 380
        Page 381
    Letter to the monthly reviewers
        Page 382
        Page 383
    Second letter to the monthly reviewers
        Page 384
        Page 385
    Letter to a friend concerning a passage in a monthly review
        Page 386
    A letter to Mr. T. H., alias Philodemas, alias Somebody, alias Stephen Church, alias R. W.
        Page 387
        Page 388
        Page 389
        Page 390
        Page 391
    A letter to Mr. G. R., alias R. A., alias M. H., alias R. W.
        Page 392
        Page 393
    A letter to the editor of the "London Magazine"
        Page 394
        Page 395
        Page 396
        Page 397
        Page 398
        Page 399
    A letter to the editor of Lloyd's "Evening Post"
        Page 400
        Page 401
        Page 402
    Remarks on Mr. H.'s account of the Gentoo Religion in Hindostan
        Page 403
        Page 404
        Page 405
        Page 406
        Page 407
    Some remarks on Article X. of Mr. Maty's New Review, for December, 1784
        Page 408
        Page 409
        Page 410
    Thoughts on a late publication
        Page 411
        Page 412
    Thoughts upon Baron Montesquieu's "Spirit of Laws"
        Page 413
        Page 414
        Page 415
    Letter to the Rev. Mr. Furly
        Page 416
        Page 417
    Thoughts on the character and writings of Mr. Prior
        Page 418
        Page 419
        Page 420
        Page 421
        Page 422
        Page 423
        Page 424
    Thoughts on the writings of Baron Swedenborg
        Page 425
        Page 426
        Page 427
        Page 428
        Page 429
        Page 430
        Page 431
        Page 432
        Page 433
        Page 434
        Page 435
        Page 436
        Page 437
        Page 438
        Page 439
        Page 440
        Page 441
        Page 442
        Page 443
        Page 444
        Page 445
        Page 446
        Page 447
    Remarks on the Count de Buffon's "Natural History"
        Page 448
        Page 449
        Page 450
        Page 451
        Page 452
        Page 453
        Page 454
    Remarks upon Mr. Locke's "Essay on Human Understanding"
        Page 455
        Page 456
        Page 457
        Page 458
        Page 459
        Page 460
        Page 461
        Page 462
        Page 463
    Remarks on Mr. Bryant's "Analysis of Ancient Mythology"
        Page 464
    Thoughts upon taste
        Page 465
        Page 466
        Page 467
        Page 468
        Page 469
    Thoughts on the power of music
        Page 470
        Page 471
        Page 472
        Page 473
    A thought on the manner of educating children
        Page 474
        Page 475
        Page 476
    Thoughts on genius
        Page 477
        Page 478
        Page 479
    Thoughts on memory
        Page 480
    Thoughts on suicide
        Page 481
    Of the gradual improvement of natural philosophy
        Page 482
        Page 483
        Page 484
        Page 485
        Page 486
        Page 487
    Remarks on the limits of human knowledge
        Page 488
        Page 489
        Page 490
        Page 491
        Page 492
        Page 493
        Page 494
        Page 495
        Page 496
        Page 497
        Page 498
    Conversation with the Bishop of Bristol
        Page 499
        Page 500
    An account of the disturbances in my father's house
        Page 501
        Page 502
        Page 503
        Page 504
        Page 505
        Page 506
    Calvinistic controversy
        Page 507
        Page 508
    Queries respecting the Methodists
        Page 509
        Page 510
    Notices concerning deceased preachers
        Page 511
        Page 512
        Page 513
        Page 514
    Directions to the stewards of the Methodist Society in London
        Page 515
    Remarkable Providence
        Page 516
        Page 517
    Directions concerning pronunciation and gesture
        Page 518
        Page 519
        Page 520
        Page 521
        Page 522
        Page 523
        Page 524
        Page 525
        Page 526
Full Text








[E3ntmEb at %tationerr' I~jal.]




Eighteen Letters to Robert Carr Brackenbury, Esq., of
Raithby, Lincolnshire ........... ...... 1
Twenty Letters to Mr. Zechariah Yewdall ........... 10
Sixteen Letters to Miss Bishop ................. 17
Four Letters to Mr. John Baxendale, of Wigan ....... 39
T -- ...................... .......... 41
Three Letters to Miss Frances Godfrey, of Gainsborough 42
Seven Letters to the Rev. Walter Sellon ............ 43
Four Letters to Miss D. Perronet .............. .. 46
Four Letters to Miss J. C. M. .... .............. 48
Twenty-two Letters to Miss Ritchie, afterwards Mrs.
M ortimer ............................. 51
To Mr. Robert Marsden, Sheffield ................. 66
To Mr. C. Glascott, Jesus College, Oxon............ 67
To Mr. (afterwards Dr.) John Whitehead .......... 67
To Miss C Armagh ................ ....... 68
To Mrs. Knapp, Worcester ..................... 69
Seven Letters to the Rev. Freeborn Garrettson, of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, in America ........ 69
To the Rev. Francis Asbury .............. .... 74
Fifteen Letters to Miss Hester Ann Roe, afterwards Mrs.
R ogers .............................. 75
Ten Letters to Miss Patty Chapman ............... 87
Two Letters to Mr. William Simpson .............. 91
Two Letters to Mr. Robert Hopkins ... ....... .... .91
To E.B. ................... ..... ....... 92
To Mr. Alexander .................... ........ 93
Eight Letters to Miss Cooke, afterwards Mrs. Clarke 93



Eleven Letters to Mr. Adam Clarke, afterwards Dr.
Adam Clarke ........................... 100
Thirteen Letters to Miss Jane Bisson, afterwards Mrs.
Cock, of St. Helier's, Jersey ......... ....... 106
To Mr. William Percival, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne .... 113
Sir Letters to Mr. George Holder ................ 113
Three Letters to Miss Harriet Lewis, of Dudley ...... 115
To Miss Rachel Jones, of Barton-le-Willois, near York 117
Two Letters to Mrs. Ingram, of Limerick. ........... 117
Three Letters to Miss Rebecca Ingram ............... 118
To Mr. Charles Atmore ....................... 119
To Mr. James M'Donald ..................... 119
To Mr. Edward Lewly, Birmingham............... 120
To Mr. Thomas Broadbent...................... 120
Three Letters to Miss Elizabeth Baker, afterwards Mrs.
Jordan, of Monmouth ..................... 121
To Mr. George Sykes ......................... 123
To Mr. Benjamin Rhodes, Redruth ............... 123
To Mr. -- ............................. 123
Five Letters to Mr. Samuel Bradburn ............. 124
To Miss Sophia Cook, afterwards Mrs. Bradburn ...... 26
Eight Letters to Miss Loxdale ................. 126
To Mr. C---- ............................ 132
Two Letters to the Rev. Mr. L- ............... 133
Two Letters to iMr. Theophilus Lessey .......... 136
To Mr. John Stretton, in Harbour-Grace, Newfoundland 137
To Mr. George Blackall, of Brentford ............. 138
To Mr. John Bausell .......................... 138
To Mr. Victory Purdy, of Bristol ................ 139
To r. -- .............................. 139
To Mr. .............................. 140
To Bishop Lowth ........................... 142
To the Bishop of ....................... 141
To the Bishop of ....................... 144
To the Bishop of- ....................... 145
To Sir Harry Trelawney....................... 146
To Mr. -- ........... ................. 147

To M r. ............................. 147
To Lady -- ............................ 149
To Lord-- ........... .................... 150
To a Member of Parliament ..... ........ ........ 151
To the Rev. E. C., of Philadelphia ................ 152
To a Friend................................ 153
To Mr. John Booth ......................... 154
To Mr. York, of Stourport...................... 154

To Dr. Koker, of Rotterdam ..................... 155
To Mr. Viney, of Ysselstein...................... 156
To Mr. Isaac Le Long, at Amsterdam .......... ... 156
To Mr. Nathanael Price, of Cardiff .............. 156
Three Letters to Mr. Howell Harris, of Trevecka ...... 158
To Mr. John Nelson ......................... 160
Two Letters to Mr. John Haime ................. 161
To the Rev. James Erskine ..................... 162
To Mr. Thomas Bigg, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne ....... 162
To Mr. Thomas Rankin ....................... 163
To Mr. John Valton ......................... 164
Two Letters to Miss Bolton, of Witney ............. 164
Two Letters to Miss Newman, Cheltenham .......... 165
Three Letters to Mr. Walter Churchey ............ 166
To Mr. Jasper Winscom .................... 168

I.-Modern Christianity, exemplified at Wednesbury,
and other adjacent Places in Staffordshire ....... 169
II.-A Letter to the Rev. Mr. Walker............. 193
III.-Second Letter to the Rev. Mr. Walker ........ 197
IV.-Third Letter to the Rev. Mr. Walker .......... 201
V.-Fourth Letter to the Rev. Mr. Walker ........ 206
VI.-A Letter to the Rev. Thomas Adams .......... 207


VII.-A Letter to the Rev. Mr. Clarke ............ 210
VIII.-Second Letter to the Rev. Mr. Clarke ........ 212
IX.-A Letter to a Friend .................... 216
X.-Letter to Mr. N. ......................... 218
XI.-Reasons against a Separation from the Church of
England ............. .............. 225
XII.-A Letter to a Friend .................... 232
XIII.-A Letter to the Rev. Mr. Venn ............. 238
XIV.-Address to the Travelling Preachers......... 242
XV.-Sqme Thoughts upon an Important Question .... 244
XVI.-On Hearing Ministers who oppose the Truth 245
XVII.-Of attending the Church ................ 246
XVIII.-Thoughts upon some late Occurrences ...... 248
XIX.-Letter to the Methodist Conference ........... 250
XX.-Letter to Dr. Coke, Mr. Asbury, and our Brethren
in North America........................ 251
XXI.-On the Church: In a Letter to the Rev. ... 253
XXII.-Of Separation from the Church ............ 255
XXIII.-Thoughts upon Methodism .............. 258
XXIV.-An Answer to an Important Question. ....... 261
XXV.-Thoughts on Separation from the Church. ..... 263
XXVI.-Thoughts upon a late Phenomenon ......... 264
XXVII.-To certain Persons in Dublin ............ 267
XXVIII.-To the Printer of the Dublin Chronicle ... 268
XXIX.-Farther Thoughts on Separation from the
Church ............................... 272
XXX.-The Case of Birstal House ............... 274
XXXI.-A Letter to the Methodist Preachers. (Cir-
cular.) ............. .. .... .... ..... 278
XXXII.-The Case of Dewsbury House ............ 279
XXXIII.-Four Letters to Mr. John Atlay .......... 280


XXXIV.-A Word to whom it may concern ......... 282
XXXV.-A short Account of the School in Kingswood,
near Bristol ........................... 283
XXXVI.-A plain Account of Kingswood School ... .. 289
XXXVII.-Remarks on the State of Kingswood School 301
XXXVIII.-A short History of the People called
M ethodists ............................ 303
XXXIX.-Letter to the Monthly Reviewers........... 382
XL.-Second Letter to the Monthly Reviewers ....... 384
XLI.-Letter to a Friend. Concerning a Passage in a
Monthly Review ........................ 386
XLII.-A Letter to Mr. T. H., alias Philodemas, alias
Somebody, alias Stephen Church, alias R. W. ..... 387
XLIII.-A Letter to Mr. G. R., alias R. A., alias M. H.,
alias R. W.. ........................... 392
XLIV.-A Letter to the Editor of the London Maga-
zine" ................................ 394
XLV.-A Letter to the Editor of Lloyd's "Evening Post" 400
XLVI.-Remarks on Mr. H.'s Account of the Gentoo
Religion in Hindostan .................... 403
XLVII.-Some Remarks on Article X. of Mr. Maty's
New Review, for December, 1784 ............. 408
XLVIII.-Thoughts on a late Publication .......... 411
XLIX.-Thoughts upon Baron Montesquieu's "Spirit of
Laws"................................ 413
L.-Letter to the Rev. Mr. Furly ................ 416
LI.-Thoughts on the Character and Writings of Mr.
Prior ................................ 418
LII.-Thoughts on the Writings of Baron Swedenborg 425
LIII.-Remarks on the Count De Buffon's "Natural
History" .............................. 448
LIV.-Remarks upon Mr. Locke's "Essay on Human
Understanding" .......................... 455


LV.-Remarks on Mr. Bryant's "Analysis of Ancient
Mythology" ......................... ... 464
LVI.-Thoughts upon Taste .................... 465
LVII.-Thoughts on the Power of Music ........... 470
LVIII.-A Thought on the Manner of Educating
Children ............................... 474
LIX.-Thoughts on Genius ..................... 477
LX.- Thoughts on Memory .................... 480
LXI.-Thoughts on Suicide ..................... 481
LXII.-Of the gradual Improvement of Natural Phi-
losophy ............................... 482
LXIII.-Remarks on the Limits of Human Knowledge .. 488
LXIV.-Conversation with the Bishop of Bristol ...... 499
LXV.-An Account of the Disturbances in my Father's
House .............. ................. 501
LXVI.-Calvinistic Controversy ................. 507
LXVII.-Queries respecting the Methodists ......... 509
LXVIII.-Notices concerning deceased Preachers ..... 511
LXIX.-Directions to the Stewards of the Methodist
Society in London ........................ 515
LXX.-Remarkable Providence. ................. 516
LXXI.-Directions concerning Pronunciation and Ges-
ture .............................. 518




DCLXII.--To Robert Carr Brackenbury, Esq., of Raithby,
DEAR SIR, BRISTOL, September 27, 1779.
I HOPE your stay at -- will be of use to many. But
do not hurt yourself in order to help others. Mr. S- is an
upright, valuable man. His wife is a jewel indeed. I wish
we had many like her. Your being at during this
critical time is a singular providence. Both parties have a
regard for you; and will hear you when they will not hear
each other. I am glad you think of spending the winter in
town, and doubt not but it will be for the glory of God.
Go to my house: What is mine is yours: You are my
brother, my friend: Let neither life nor death divide us!
Your visit to N- will, I am persuaded, be of considerable
use; the more because you love and recommend discipline.
But I must beg of you to spend a night or two at Y- and
at L-. The sooner you come the more welcome you will
be. Wrap yourself up warm, particularly your head and
I am
Your very affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXIII.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR, LONDON, June 23, 1780.
I AM glad that it has pleased God to restore your
health, and that you have been employing it to the best of
purposes. It is worth living for this, (and scarcely for any.
thing else,) to testify the Gospel of the grace of God. You
will find many in these parts who have cars and hearts to




DCLXII.--To Robert Carr Brackenbury, Esq., of Raithby,
DEAR SIR, BRISTOL, September 27, 1779.
I HOPE your stay at -- will be of use to many. But
do not hurt yourself in order to help others. Mr. S- is an
upright, valuable man. His wife is a jewel indeed. I wish
we had many like her. Your being at during this
critical time is a singular providence. Both parties have a
regard for you; and will hear you when they will not hear
each other. I am glad you think of spending the winter in
town, and doubt not but it will be for the glory of God.
Go to my house: What is mine is yours: You are my
brother, my friend: Let neither life nor death divide us!
Your visit to N- will, I am persuaded, be of considerable
use; the more because you love and recommend discipline.
But I must beg of you to spend a night or two at Y- and
at L-. The sooner you come the more welcome you will
be. Wrap yourself up warm, particularly your head and
I am
Your very affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXIII.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR, LONDON, June 23, 1780.
I AM glad that it has pleased God to restore your
health, and that you have been employing it to the best of
purposes. It is worth living for this, (and scarcely for any.
thing else,) to testify the Gospel of the grace of God. You
will find many in these parts who have cars and hearts to


receive even the deep things of God. I believe a journey to
Ireland will be of use to your soul and body. Meet me at
- and we can settle our journeys.
I am, dear Sir,
Your very affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXIV.--To the Same.
DEAR SIR, BRISTOL, September 18, 1780.
THE Lord knoweth the way wherein you go; and
when you have been tried, you shall come forth as gold. It
is true you have now full exercise for all your faith and
patience; but by and by you will find good brought out of
evil, and will bless God for the severe but wholesome medi-
cine. I had all along a persuasion that God would deliver
you, although I could not see which way it would be done;
as I knew it was your desire not to do your own- will, but
the will of Him whose you are and whom you serve. May
He still guide you in the way you should go, and enable
you to give Him your whole heart! You must not set the
great blessing afar off, because you find much war within.
Perhaps this will not abate, but rather increase, till the
moment your heart is set at liberty. The war will not cease
before you attain, but by your attaining, the promise. And
if you look for it by naked faith, why may you not receive
it now ? The cheerfulness of faith you should aim at in
and above all things. Wishing you a continual supply of
righteousness, peace, and joy,
I am
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXV.-To the Same.
DEAR SaI, LEEDS, August 12, 1781.
.:I SHALL not soon forget the agreeable conversation I
had with dear Mrs. Brackenbury* at Raithby. The sweet-
ness of her temper, and the open, artless account she gave
of her experience, increased my love for her. I trust you
shall not die, but live to strengthen each other's hands in
God, and provoke one another to love and to good works.
Who is so great a God as our God? To His care I commit

* The former Mrs. Brackenbury.-EDIT.


Mrs. Brackenbury and you. Peace be with your spirits!
I commend myself to your prayers; and am,
Dear Sir,
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXVI.-To the Samie.
DEAR Sin, BRISTOL, .Mlarch 9, 1782.
WHAT a comfort it is that we know the Lord reigneth;
and that he disposes all things in heaven and earth in the
very manner which he sees will be most for his own glory,
and for the good of those that love him I am firmly
persuaded the present dispensation, severe as it may appear,
will be found in the event a means of greater blessings
than any you have yet received. Even already you find the
consolations of the Holy One are not small with you. And
He enables you to make the right use of this providence, by
devoting yourself more entirely to his service. On April 4,
I expect to be in Manchester, in order to visit the societies
in Lancashire, Cheshire, Yorkshire; and thence, if God
permit, to Scotland. Perhaps it would be of use if you took
part of the journey with me. Let me know your thoughts.
It is exceeding clear to me, first, that a dispensation of the
Gospel is committed to you; and, secondly, that you are
peculiarly called to publish it in connexion with us. It has
pleased God to give so many and so strong evidences of
'this, that I see not how any reasonable person can doubt it.
Therefore, what I have often said before I say again, and
give it under my hand, that you are welcome to preach in
any of our preaching-houses, in Great Britain or Ireland,
whenever it is convenient for you. I commend you for
preaching less frequently where you find less liberty of
spirit, (because no necessity is laid upon you with regard to
this or that particular place,) and for spending most time in
those places where you find most probability of doing good.
We have need to work while it is day.
I am, dear Sir,
Your affectionate friend and servant.

DCLXVII.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR, January 4, 1783.
I REJOICE to hear that you have had a safe passage,
and that you have preached both in Guernsey and Jersey.


We must not expect many conveniences at first: Hitherto it
is the day of small things. I should imagine the sooner
you begin to preach in French the better: Surely you need
not be careful about accuracy. Trust God, and speak as
well as you can. While those poor sheep were scattered
abroad without a shepherd, and without any proper connexion
with each other, it is no wonder they were cold and dead.
It is good that every one should know our whole plan. We
do not want any man to go on blih fold. Peace be with
your spirit! I wish you many happy years; and am,
Dear Sir,
Your very affectionate friend and servant.

DCLXVIII.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR, January 10, 1783.
As I expect to remain in London till the beginning of
March, I hope to have the pleasure of spending a little time
with you before I et out on my spring and summer jour-
neys, which I shall probably continue as long as I live.
And who would wish to live for any meaner purpose than
to serve God in our generation? I know my health and
strength are continued for this very thing. And if ever I
should listen to that siren song, "Spare thyself," I believe
my Master would spare me no longer, but soon take me
away. It pleases Him to deal with you in a different way.
He frequently calls you not so much to act as to suffer.
And you may well say,-
"0 take thy way Thy way is best:
Grant or deny me ease.
This is but tuning of my breast
To make the music please."

I am glad you are still determined to do what you can,
And to do it without delay. But all are not of this mind.
I have just received a letter from Mr. formerly one of
our Travelling Preachers, informing me, whereas it has
pleased God to take away his dear partner, he is resolved
again to give up himself to the work,-after he has settled
his worldly business, which he thinks will take but sixteen
or seventeen months I Would one think he had ever read
the Epistle of St. James ? or that he had heard those words,
"What is your life? It is even a vapour, which appeareth


and vanisheth away." Commending you to Him who is
able to save you to the uttermost,
I am, dear Sir,
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXIX.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR, LoNDON, February 13, 1784.
IT is undoubtedly our duty to use the most probable
means we can for either preserving or restoring our health.
But, after all, God does continually assert his own right
of saving both souls and bodies. He blesses the medicines,
and they take place; he withdraws his influence, and they
avail nothing. You will not easily, be forgotten by any of
this family. I trust we are all one body united by one
Spirit. I doubt not but we have also a few fellow-members
in your little islands. May He whom we serve in the
Gospel of his Son increase them an hundred fold! We hear
of some increase of the work of God almost in every part
of England; but above all, in Cornwall, in Lancashire,
Cheshire, and various parts' of Yorkshire. It pleases God
to bless Mr. Valton wherever he turns his face; but his
body sinks under him, and he is still hovering between
life and death. Would it not be advisable, if you still
continue feeble, to return to England as soon as possible;
especially if you have reason to believe the air of Jersey
does not agree with your constitution ? I commend you
to Him who is able to heal both your soul and body;
and am,
Dear Sir,
Your very affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXX.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR, LONDON, February 15, 1785.
Young having the opportunity of giving them a few
discourses in Dover, and then travelliiig with so pious and
friendly a person as Mr. Ireland, I could not but look upon
as clear instances of a gracious Providence. I cannot doubt
but the mild air which you now breathe will greatly tend
to the re-establishment of your health : And so will the
suspension of your public labours till you are better able
to bear them. With regard to perfecting yourself in the


French language, it is certain this may be done more
speedily and effectually in a family where only French is
spoken. And undoubtedly you may learn, the purity of the
language far better in Languedoc, than in Normandy. It
is clear that you are not called at present to any public
labours. But should not you be so much the more diligent
in private? to redeem the time? to buy up every opportu-
nity? Should not you be instant in season and out of
season;" that is, to make the opportunities, which you
cannot find? Surely the all-wise and all-merciful Saviour
did not send you into France for nothing 0 no! you are
at least to pluck one brand (perhaps several) out of the
burning. May the Lord whom you serve in all things direct
your paths So prays,
Dear Sir,
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXXI.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR, BRISTOL, September 24, 1785.
IT is well that the Lord sitteth above the water-floods,
and remaineth a King for ever. It is no wonder that Satan
should fight for his own kingdom, when such inroads are
made upon it. But.
Beyond his chain he cannot go;
Our Jesus shall stir up his power,
And soon avenge us of our foe.
After we have observed a day of fasting and prayer, I have
known the most violent commotions quelled at once. But
doubtless all probable means are to be used: One in parti-
cular it might be worth while to attempt; namely, to soften
the spirit of that angry Magistrate. God has the hearts of
all men in his hand; and if the heart of that warrior was
once turned, then those who have hitherto been encouraged
by him would vanish away like smoke. It is not improbable
but your answer to that scandalous libel may be one means
of abating his prejudice.
I am, dear Sir,
Your very affectionate friend and brother.


SDCLXXII.-To the Same.
DEAR Sin, November 24, 1785.
GOD will hearken to the prayer that goeth not out of
feigned lips; especially when fasting is joined ther.ewith.
And provided our brethren continue instant in prayer, the
beasts of the people will not again lift up their head. The
work of God still increases in Ireland, and in several parts
of this kingdom. I commend you and all our brethren to
Him who is able to.preserve you from all evil, and build you
up in love; and am,
Dear Sir,
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXXIII.-To the Same.
DEAR Sin, LoNDoN, October 20, 1787.
Ma. is undoubtedly a good young man; and has
a tolerably good understanding. But he thinks it better
than it is;: and in consequence is apt to put himself in your
or my place. For these fifty years, if any one said, "If you
do not put such an one out.of society,- I will go out of it;"
I have said, "Pray go : I, not you, are .to judge who shall
stay." I therefore greatly approve of your purpose, to give
Mr. W- a full hearing in the ,presence of all the Preachers.
I have often repented of judging too severely; but very
seldom of being too merciful.
As the point is undoubtedly of very great importance, it
deserved serious consideration; and I am glad you took the
pains to consider it, and discussed it so admirably well
according to Scripture and sound reason.
I enclose a few lines for Mrs. -,. for whom I feel an
affectionate concern.
The God whom you serve will shortly deliver you from the
heaviness you feel.
I ever am, dear Sir,.
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXXIV.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR, LONDON, December 17, 1787.
CONSIDERING that the god of this world will not fail to
fight when his kingdom is in danger, I do not wonder that
persecution should come to Jersey and i Guernsey. I agree


with you, that the best method to be used in this exigence
is fasting and prayer. It is plain your labours in those
places have not been in vain. And I am in hopes Guernsey
will overtake Jersey.
Wishing you all every possible blessing,
I am, dear Sir,
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXXV.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR, LONDON, February 27, 1788.
I CANNOT exactly agree with your judgment. While
there was no Preacher in the islands but you, and while the
work of God was but just beginning, you was undoubtedly
called to spend most of your time there, and then you did
right in not being disobedient to the heavenly calling. But
the case is very different now. They have now able
Preachers in French and English: And as they do not do
the work deceitfully, it prospers in their hands. Has not
the Lord more work for you to do in England? In June,
(if God permit,) I purpose to spend an evening with you at
Raithby. Peace be with all your spirits !
I am, dear Sir,
Your very affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXXVI.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR. LONDON, November 7, 1788.
I SNATCH a few minutes from visiting the classes, to
answer your' acceptable letter. I exceedingly approve of
your spending the winter at Bath. I believe God will make
you of use to many there, who are more ripe for your
instructions than ever they were before. And. Iam persuaded
you will yourself profit as much, if not more, by the convcr-
sation of a few in Bristol, Mr. Valton and Miss Johnson in
particular, as by that of any persons in Great Britain. Aim
at the cheerfulness of faith.
I am, dear Sir,
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXXVII.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR, LONDON, February 24, 1790.
SIs the B- the same gentleman who subscribed to the
chapel, and let us have a lease for building? If so, how


came his mind to be so changed? But his heart is still in
God's hand. And therefore you take the very best way
possible to allay the present storm by seeking Him that
turneth the hearts of men as the waters. Without His help
human means will not avail. It has pleased God to give
me more strength than I had in the autumn; but my
eyes continue weak. It is enough, that we are in His
I am, dear Sir,
Your very affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXXVIII.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR, BRISTOL, September 15, 1790.
Yo.UR letter gave me great satisfaction. I wanted to
hear where and how you were; and am glad to find you
are better in bodily health, and not weary and faint in your
mind. My body seems nearly to have done its work, and
to be almost worn out. Last month my strength was
nearly gone, and 1 could have sat almost still from morning
to night. But, blessed be God, I crept about a little, and
made shift to preach once a day. On Monday I ventured
a little farther; and after I had preached three times, (once
in the open air,) I found my strength so restored that I
could have preached again without inconvenience. I am
glad brother D- has more light with regard to full sanctifi-
cation. This doctrine is the grand depositum which God
has lodged- with the people called Methodists; and for the
sake of propagating this chiefly he appeared to have raised
us up. I congratulate you upon sitting loose to all below;
steadfast in the liberty wherewith Christ has made you free.
Moderate riding on horseback, chiefly in the south of
England, would improve your health. If you choose to
accompany me, in any of my little journeys on this side
Christmas, whenever you was tired you might go into my
carriage. I am not so ready a writer as I was once; but I
bless God I can scrawl a little,-enough to assure you that
I am, dear Sir,
Your affectionate friend and brother.


DCLXXIX.-To the Same.
DEAR Sin, LONDON, December 7, 1790.
IT gave me pleasure to see your letter dated Portsmouth,
and to hear that your health is better. I hope you will be
able to spend a little time with us here. And if you choose
to lodge in my house, I have a room at your service; and we
have a family which I can recommend to all England, as
adorning the doctrine of God our Saviour.
I am, dear Sir,
,Your very affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXXX.-To Mr. Zechariah Yewdall.
DEAR. ZaciARY, LONDON, October 9, 1779.
WHEREVER you are, be ready to acknowledge what God
has done for your soul; and earnestly exhort all the believers
to expect full salvation. You would do well to read every
morning a chapter in the New Testament, with the Notes,
and to spend the greatest part of the morning in reading,
meditation, and prayer. In the afternoon, you might visit
the society from house to house, in the manner laid down in
the Minutes of the Conference. The more labour, the more
blessing I
I am
Your affectionate brother.

DCLXXXI.-To the Same.
NEXT year you will be in the Glamorganshire Circuit,
and with a fellow-labourer who has the work of God at heart.
If Billy Moore mentions it in time, your temporal wants
will easily be supplied. Trials are only blessings in disguise.
Whenever anything bears hard upon your .mind, you should
write freely to
Your affectionate brother.

DCLXXXII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, December 3, 1780.
You mistake one thing. It is I, not the Conference,
(according to the twelfth Rule,) that station the Preachers;


but I do it at the time of the Conference, that I may have
the advice of my brethren. But I have no thought of
removing you from the Glamorganshire Circuit: You are
just in your right place. But you say, Many of the people
are asleep." They are; and you are sent to awake them out
of sleep. "But they are dead." True;, and you are sent to
raise the dead. Good will be done at Monmouth and Neath
in particular. When no good can be done, I would leave the
old and try new.places. But you have need to be all alive
yourselves, if you would impart life to others. And this
cannot be without much self-denial. Both of you should
recommend the Magazine in earnest.
I am, dear Zachary,
Your affectionate brother.

DCLXXXIII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, February 10, 1781.
BROTHER JOHNS has been with me this morning. I
believe you will have peace long before lie gets his estate.
You have now a fair prospect. It really seems as if God had
inclined the hearts of the Magistrates to do you justice. I
know no Attorney to be depended on like Mr. Bold, of Brecon.
The Conference will consider the expense.
Continue instant in prayer, and God will give you quiet-
Your affectionate brother.

DCLXXXIV.-To the Same.
You should always write to me without reserve. I
observe nothing much amiss in your behaviour. Truth and
love you may hold fast; and courtesy will increase insensibly.
Godfathers promise only, that they will see the child be
taught, as soon as he is able to learn, what he ought to do in
order to his soul's health." And this, it is certain, they may
perform. You did not read that little tract with sufficient
care; otherwise, you could not but have seen this.
I commend you for. being exceeding wary with respect to
marriage. St. Paul's direction is full and clear: "If thou
mayest .be free, use it rather." "Art thou loosed from a
wife? Seek not a wife." Two.of our small tracts you should


read with much prayer,-" Thoughts on a Single Life," and
"A Word to whom it may concern." You need not be
backward to write, when you have opportunity. There is no
fear of my thinking your letters troublesome.
I am
Your affectionate brother.

DCLXXXV.-To the Same.
I SEE no reason yet, why you may not spend the next
year in Cork and Bandon. If nothing unforeseen prevent, I
shall be at Dublin the beginning of July.
If you desire to promote the work of God, you should
preach abroad as often as possible. Nothing destroys the
devil's kingdomlike this. You may have the History of the
Church: Money is nothing between you and me. Be all in
I am, dear Zachary,
Your affectionate brother.

DCLXXXVI.-To the Same.
UNDOUBTEDLY you are to act as Assistant; and if you
carefully read the great Minutes of the Conference, and keep
close to them in every point, assuredly you will see the fruit
of your labour. But whom can you get to help you? I
know none, unless you can persuade brother Rutherford to
spare you Andrew Blair, and to take a poor invalid, John
Mealy, (who is now at Dublin,) in his stead. You know, we
have no Preachers to spare; every one is employed: And
we can neither make Preachers, nor purchase them. God
alone can thrust them out into his harvest. All you can do
till help comes is, to divide yourself between Cork and
I am
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCLXXXVII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, ;'" LONDON, November 12, 1782.
BEFORE this time, I suppose you have my last. I have
wrote to T. Rutherford to send Andrew Blair. The Leaders,
I find, were unwilling to part with him; but I think he will


be guided by me rather than by them. Till I have done
meeting the classes, I shall have little leisure to write either
prose or verse; being fully taken up from morning to night.
After this, I may get a little time. O let us work while the
day is! The night cometh, wherein no man can work.
I am
Your affectionate brother.

DCLXXXVIII.-To the Same.
WITH zeal for God, with love of souls inspired,
Nor awed by dangers, nor by labours tired,
BOARDM3AN in distant worlds proclaims the word
To multitudes, and turns them to his Lord.
But soon the bloody waste of war he mourns,
And, loyal, from rebellion's seat returns;
Nor yet at home,-on eagles' pinions flies,
And in a moment soars to paradise!

MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, November 21, 1782.
I BELIEVE you need not be ashamed to inscribe the
lines above on R. Boardman's tombstone. I doubt you do
not find any account of himself among his papers.
I am
Your affectionate brother.

DCLXXXIX.-To the Same.
Mr DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, December 7, 1782.
I DO not see that you can fix upon a more proper person,
than either George Howe or Laren Wright. You should
endorse it on the back of the deed; only taking care to have
fresh stamps.
Those who will not meet in class cannot stay with us.
Read the Thoughts upon a Single Life," and weigh them
well. You will then feel the wisdom of St. Paul's advice,
(especially to a Preacher, and to a Methodist Preacher above
all,) If thou mayest be free, use it rather."
I hope Andrew Blair is now with you. Brother Swindells
is dead; and John Trembath is alive again.
I am
Your affectionate friend and brother.


DCXC.--To the Same.
Mr DEAR BROTHER, LoNDON, December 31, 1782.
You fear when no fear is. I have appointed Mr. Blair
to labour with you at. Cork and Bandon; and shall not alter
that appointment, without stronger reasons than I am likely
to.see. If I live, I shall probably see Ireland in summer: If
I do not, I expect Dr. Coke will.
Robert Blake may go just. where he will: I have nothing
to do with him. Three times he left his Circuit without the
consent of his Assistant. He has stupidly and saucily
affronted almost all the Leaders. His high spirit, I fear,
will destroy him. Till he is deeply humbled, I disclaim all
fellowship with him.
I am
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCXCI.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, February 9, 1783.
I AM glad you have given another trial to Innishannon.
And why not to Hinscla ? I am a good deal of your mind.
I hope those are only drops before a shower of grace. Over
and above the general reasons contained in that tract, a
Preacher, and above all others a Methodist Preacher, has
particular reasons for valuing a single life.
I am glad B. Blair and you converse freely together: It
will preserve you from many snares. There can be no
properer person for a Trustee than Andrew Laffan. I have
hope, that Robert Blake will be more useful than ever.
I am
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCXCII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, February 25, 1785.
I AM glad to hear, that the work of God goes on at
Sheerness, and that there is such a noble spirit among the
people with regard to building. But as we are yet early in
the year, I do not advise you to begin till two hundred
pounds are subscribed. Try first what you can do in Kent,
and at Norwich, after keeping a day of fasting and prayer.
I am
Your affectionate friend and brother.


DCXCIII.-To the Same.
DEAR ZACHARY, Near DUBLIN, June 22, 1785.
LET him not be afraid: I will take care that not one
word of that affair shall be mentioned at the Conference.
Let him come up thither in the name of God, and it will be
a blessing to him.
Let B. Foster likewise come, that he may have the advice
of Dr. Whitehead. I shall have no objection, unless some
particular objection arise, to your going to Sunderland. I
think you will do well to bring brother Adamson with you to
the Conference. You will both be acceptable to,
Dear Zachary,
Your affectionate brother.

DCXCIV.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHEn, LONDON, November 11, 1785.
I HOPE sister Yewdall and you will be a blessing to
each other. I think it a pity to remove you from Kent.
Otherwise, Oxford Circuit is nearer to London than Canter-
bury Circuit; for High-Wycomb is nearer to it than
Chatham. I cannot visit all the places I want to visit in Kent
in one journey. I purpose (God willing) to begin my first
journey on the 28th instant. Shall I visit Margate or
Sheerness first?
I am, dear Zachary,
Your affectionate brother.

DCXCV.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, December 20, 1786.
You do well to tell me where you are, and what you are
doing. Do not you know, that several envy you, because,
they say, you are one of my favourites? I am glad to hear
that you find some fruit again even at poor Musselburgh. I
expect more from the new than the old hearers, most
of whom are as salt that has lost its savour. Possibly, some
good may be done at Dalkeith too; but you will have need
of patience. I do not despair even of Preston-Pans, if you
can procure a tolerable place.
It is a great point gained, if Mr. Collis is diligent in
attending his lectures. If he has likewise resolution to


refrain from gay company, there is reason to hope that he
will be a valuable man.
You cannot have a better adviser than Mr. Pawson.
Take care to husband your time. Peace be with you and
I am
Your affectionate brother.

DCXCVI.-To the Same.
I AM glad to hear that you have a society at Dalkeith.
But I am not pleased that the Edinburgh Preacher has not
preached there once a week: I desire he would constantly do
it for the time to come, without asking leave of the Leaders.
Those have no business to direct the Preachers. It is no
part of their office. I am glad to hear so good an account
of Mr. Collis, and hope he will be a comfort to his mother.
I will consider what you say concerning your being at
Your affectionate brother.

DCXCVII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, November 1, 1787.
You send me good news indeed. So even poor Dal.
keith will at last receive the Gospel! I have no hope of our
doing any good at Preston-Pans for the present. Wherever
a door is open, there press forward. I do not despair of
having some fruit at Musselburgh. If my health is con-
tinued, I hope to pay you a visit in Scotland next summer.
You may have some books to give away. Peace be with all
your spirits I
Your affectionate brother.
S. Bradburn is alive and well.

DCXCVIII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, December 27, 1787.
SYou are in the right. You can have nothing at all to
do with the chapel upon those terms. Nay, a dove-cote
above it would be an -insufferable nuisance, as it would fill
the whole place with fleas. "What is to be done then?"


Why, continue instant in prayer, and God will show what
you are to do. But he that believeth doth not make haste.
I cannot advise you to set about building a house, unless
you could find one or two responsible men, who would
engage themselves to finish the building in such a manner,
for an hundred and fifty pounds. Otherwise, I think you
would be more bold than wise.
I am, with kind love to Mrs. Yewdall,
Your affectionate brother.

DCXCIX.-To the Same.
I An glad to hear that there is so fine a prospect at
Dalkeith. So is generally the way of our Lord, to try us
first, and then to comfort. It is pity but James Ridley had
thoroughly settled his affairs before he attempted to travel.
If that had been done, there is no doubt but he would have
been useful wheresoever he went. I wish, however, brother
Dall may make a good conclusion with regard to the chapel
at Dumfries. Peace be with you and yours !
I am, dear Zachary,
Your affectionate brother.

DCC.-To Miss Bishop.
WE have had a society in Bath for about thirty years,
sometimes larger and sometimes smaller. It was very small
this autumn, consisting only of eleven or twelve persons, of
whom Michael Hemmings was Leader. I spoke to these
one by one, added nine or ten more, divided them into two
classes, and appointed half of them to meet with Joseph
Harris. But if you are willing to cast in your lot with us, I
had rather that the single women in both classes, who desire
it, should meet with you, and any others who are not afraid
of the reproach of Christ. In that little tract, "A Plain
Account of the People called Methodists," you see our whole
plan. We have but one point in view; to be altogether
Christians, scriptural, rational Christians. For which we
well know, not only the world, but the almost Christians,
will never forgive us. From these, therefore, if you join


heart and hand with us, you are to expect neither justice nor
mercy. If you are determined, let me know. But consider
what you do. Can you give up all for Christ? the hope
of improving your fortune, a fair reputation, and agreeable
friends? Can He make you amends for all these? Is He
alone a sufficient portion? I think you will find Him so.
And if you were as entirely devoted to God as Jenny Cooper
was, you would never have cause to repent of your choice,
either in time or in eternity. The more freely you write, the
more agreeable it will be to
Your affectionate brother.

DCCI.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, November 22, 1769.
IT is exceedingly strange. I should really wonder (if I
could wonder at any weakness of human nature) that so good
a woman as and one who particularly piques herself on
her catholic spirit, should be guilty of such narrowness of
spirit. Let us not vary in thought or word from the
Methodist principle, "Whosoever doeth the will of my
Father who is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister,
and mother."
We have other instances of persons who now enjoy the
peace of God, and yet do not know the time when they
received it. And God is sovereign: He may make what
exceptions he pleases to his general rule. So this objection
is easily set aside; and so is that of your age. The Spirit
of the Lord can give understanding, either in a longer or in
a shorter time. And I doubt not but he will give you
favour in the eyes of your sisters. You have only to go on
in simplicity, doing the will of God from the heart, and
trusting in the anointing of the Holy One, to teach you
of all things.
I am glad you are acquainted with Miss Owens. Encourage
each other to be altogether Christians. Defy fashion and
custom, and labour only to
Steer your useful lives below
By reason and by grace.
Let not the gentlewoman entrench upon the Christian; but
be a simple follower of the Lamb.
At present you are exactly in your place, and I trust no


. temptation, inward or outward, shall ever induce you to
depart from the work to which God has called you. You
must expect to be pushed to both extremes by turns; and
you need all the power of God to save you from it. And
he will save you to the uttermost, provided you still retain
the sense of your poverty and helplessness. It is a good
"Show me, as my soul can bear,
The depth of inbred sin."
And just so he will deal with you; for he remembers that
you are but dust. But you should not wait to be thus and
thus convinced, in order to be renewed in love. No; pray
now for all the mind which was in Christ; and you shall
have more and more conviction, as it pleases him. Mr.
Spencer and Glynn are of excellent spirits, notwithstanding
their opinion. I hardly know their fellows. Love is all we
want: Let this fill our hearts, and it is enough. Peace be
with your spirit!
I am
Your affectionate brother.

DCCII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, November 5, 1770.
I AM glad you had such success in your labour of love:
In all things you shall reap if you faint not. And the pro-
mise is, "They shall run and not be weary; they shall walk
and not faint." How does the little society prosper? Are
you all united in love? And are you all aware of that bane
of love,-tale-bearing and evil-speaking? Do you retain
that little spark of faith ? Are you going forward, and have
you as strong a desire as ever "to increase with all the
increase of God?"
See the Lord, thy Keeper, stand
Omnipotently near!
Lo, He holds thee by thy hand,
And banishes thy fear !
O trust him, love him, and praise him!
I know not that you have anything to do with fear. Your
continual prayer should be for faith and love. I admired a
holy man in France, who, considering the state of one who
was full of doubts and fears, forbad him to think of his sins


at all, and ordered him to think only of the love of God in
Christ. The fruit was, all his fears vanished away, and he
lived and died in the triumph of faith.
Faith is sight; that is, spiritual sight: And it is light, and
not darkness; so that the famous Popish phrase, "The dark-
ness of faith," is a contradiction in terms. O beware of all
who talk in that unscriptural manner, or they will perplex,
if not destroy, you! I cannot find in my Bible any such sin
as legality. Truly, we have been often afraid where no fear
was. I am not half legal enough, not enough under the law
of love. Sometimes there is painful conviction of sin, pre-
paratory to full sanctification; sometimes a conviction that
has far more pleasure than pain, being mixed with joyful
expectation. Always there should be a gradual growth in
grace; which need never be intermitted from the time we
are justified. Do not wait therefore for pain or anything
else, but simply for all-conquering faith. The more freely
you write, the more satisfaction you will give to
Your affectionate brother.

DCCIII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, February 16, 1771.
You look inward too much, and upward too little.
Christ is ready to impart
Life to all, for life who sigh;
In thy mouth and in thy heart
The word is ever nigh.
Encourage yourself to trust in Him; that is your point; then
he will do all things well. Legality, with most who use that
term, really means tenderness of conscience. There is no
propriety in the word, if one would take it for seeking justi-
fication by works. Considering, therefore, how hard it is to
fix the meaning of that odd term, and how dreadfully it has
been abused, I think it highly advisable for all the Methodists
to lay it quite aside.
If Mr. S. could find any other doctrine which he thought
was peculiarly mine, he would be as angry at it as he is at
Christian perfection. But it is all well: We are to go forward,
whoever goes back or turns aside. I hope your class goes on
well, and that you are not weary of well doing. The Lord is
at hand. In praying with the children, you have only to ask
for those things which you are sensible they want, and that


in the most plain; artless, and simple language which you can
Perhaps we may see a new accomplishment of Solomon's
words: He that reproveth a man shall afterward find more
favour than he who flattereth with his tongue." But be that
as it may; I have done my duty, I could no otherwise have
delivered my own soul: And no offence at all would have
been given thereby, had not pride stifled both religion and
generosity. But my letter is now out of date: It is mentioned
no more: There is a more plausible occasion found; namely,
those eight terrible propositions which conclude the Minutes
of our Conference.* At the instance of some who were sadly
frightened thereby, I have revised them over and over; I
have considered them in every point of view; and truly, the
more I consider them, the more I like them; the more fully
I am convinced, not only that they are true, agreeable both
to Scripture and to sound experience, but that they contain
truths of the deepest importance, and such as ought to be
continually inculcated by those who would be pure from the
blood of all men.
The imagination which Mr. borrowed from another
good man, "that he is not a believer who has any sin remain-
ing in him," is not only an error, but a very dangerous one,
of which I have seen fatal effects. Herein we divided from
the Germans near thirty years ago;'and the falseness and
absurdity of it is shown in my Second Journal, and in my
sermon on that subject. Your experience reminds me of
these lines:-
So many tender joys and woes
Have o'er my quiv'ring soul had power;
Plain life with height'ning passions rose,
The boast or burden of an hour.
They who feel less, certainly suffer less; but the more we
suffer, the more we may improve; the more obedience, the
more holiness, we may learn by the things we suffer. So
that, upon the whole, I do not know if the insensible ones
have the advantage over us.
If you wrote more than once in three months, it would not
be amiss. Few are more tenderly concerned for you than
Your affectionate brother.
The Minutes of the year 1770, which ga re occasion to Mr. Fletcher to write
his Checks to Antinomianism.-ET1-


DCCIV.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, September 1, 1771.
CONCESSIONS made in the chapel at Bath would not
quench the flame kindled over the three kingdoms. Mr.
Fletcher's Letters may do this in some measure; but the
antidote cannot spread so fast as the poison. However, the
Lord reigneth; and consequently all these things shall
work together for the increase of his kingdom. Certainly
simple faith is the very thing you want; that faith which
lives upon Christ from moment to moment. I believe that
sermon, "The Scripture Way of Salvation," might at this
time be very useful to you. It is a great thing to seize and.
improve the very now. What a blessing you may receive
at this instant Behold the Lamb of God !
What, if even before this letter comes to your.hands, the
Lord should come to your heart Is He not nigh? Is
He not now knocking at the door? What do you say?
Come in, my Lord, come in." Are you not ready? Are
:you not a mere sinner, and stripped of all? Therefore all
is ready for you. Fear not; only believe, and' enter into
rest. How gracious is it in the kind Physician to humble
you and prove you, and show you what is in your heart!
Now let Christ and love alone be there.
That your every hour is crowded with employment, I
account no common blessing. The more employment the
better, since you are not doing your own will, but the will
of Him that sent you. I cannot see that it is by any means
his will for you to quit your present situation.
Such a degree of sickness or pain as does not affect the
understanding, I have often found to be a great help. It is
an admirable help against levity, as well as against foolish
desires; and nothing more directly tends to teach us that
great lesson, to write upon our heart, "Not as I will, but as
thou wilt."
i Mr. Baxter well observes, "that whoever attempt to
i teach children will find need of all the understanding God
has given them." But indeed natural-understanding will
go but a little way. It is a peculiar gift of God. I believe
He has given you a measure- of. it already, and you may
ask and expect an increase of it.- -Our dear sisters at


Publow enjoy it in as high a degree as any young women I
It certainly must be an inordinate affection which creates
so many jealousies and misunderstandings. I should think
it to be absolutely needful, the very next time you observe
anything of that kind, to come to a full explanation with
the parties concerned; to tell them calmly and roundly,
" I must and I will choose for myself whom I will converse
with, and when and how; and if any one of you take upon
you to be offended at me on this account, you will make it
necessary for me to be more shy and reserved to you than
ever I was before." If you steadily take up this cross, if
you speak thus once or twice in the class, in a cool but
peremptory manner, I am much inclined to think it will
save both you and others a good deal of uneasiness.
When you see those ladies, (with whom I have no
acquaintance,) you would do well to speak exceeding plain.
I am afraid they are still entire strangers to the religion of
the heart.
We must build with one hand, while we fight with the
other. And this is the great work, not only to bring souls
to believe in Christ, but to build them up in our most holy
faith. How grievously are they mistaken who imagine, that,
as soon as the children are born, they need take:no more
care of them! We do not find it so. The chief care then
begins. And if we see this in a true light, we may well cry
out, even the wisest men on earth, "Who is sufficient for
these things ?" In a thousand circumstances, general rules
avail little, and our natural light is quickly at an end. So
that we have nothing to depend upon but the anointing of
the Holy One: And this will indeed teach us concerning all
things. The same you need with regard to your little ones,
that you may train them up in the way wherein they should
go. And herein you have continual need of patience ; for you
will frequently see little fruit of all your labour. But leave
that with Him. The success is His. The work only is
yours. Your point is this,-work your work betimes; and
in His time He will give you a full reward.
I am
Yours affectionately.


DCCV.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, June 12, 1773.
"TRUE simplicity," Fenelon says, "is that grace
whereby the soul is delivered from all unprofitable reflec-
tions upon itself." I add, and upon all other persons and
things." This is an unspeakable blessing. And it is the
mere gift of God, not naturally annexed either to greatness
or littleness of understanding. A single eye is a great help
to this. Seek one thing, and you will be far less troubled
"with unprofitable reasoning.
It has, in all ages, been allowed, that the communion of
saints extends to those in paradise, as well as those upon
earth; as they are all one body united under one Head.
Can death's interposing tide
Spirits one in Christ divide ?
But it is difficult to say, either what kind or what degree
of union may be between them. It is not improbable their
fellowship with us is far more sensible than ours with them.
:Suppose any of them are present, they are hid from our
eyes, but we are not hid from their sight. They, no doubt,
dearly discern all our words and actions, if not all our
thoughts too. For it is hard to think these walls of flesh
and blood can intercept the view of an angelic being. But
we have, in general, only a faint and indistinct perception
of their presence, unless in some peculiar instances, where
it may answer some gracious ends of divine Providence.
Then it may please God to permit that they should be
perceptible, either by some of our outward senses, or by an
internal sense, for which human language has not any
name. But I suppose this is not a common blessing. I
have known but few instances of it. To keep up constant
and close communion with God is the most likely means to
obtain this also.
Whatever designs a man has, whatever he is proposing
to do, either for himself or his friends, when his spirit goes
hence all is at an end. And it is in this sense only that
"all our thoughts perish." Otherwise, all our thoughts and
designs, though not carried into execution, are noted in His
book who accepts us according to our willing mind, and
rewards intentions as well as actions. By aiming at Him


in all things, by studying to please Him in all your
thoughts, words, and actions, you are continually sowing to
the Spirit, and of the Spirit you will reap life everlasting.
I am
Your affectionate brother.

DCCVI.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, September 19, 1773.
IT is certainly most profitable for us to have a variety
of seasons. We could not bear either to be constantly in
storms, or constantly in a calm; but we are not certain, we
cannot judge what proportion of one or the other is best for
us. So it is well we are not left to our own wisdom, that
we do not choose for ourselves. We should make strange
work: But we know He that chooses for us orders all things
There are excellent things in most of the Mystic writers.
As almost all of them lived in the Romish Church, they
were lights whom the gracious providence of God raised up
to shine in a dark place. But they did not give a clear,
a steady, or a uniform light. That wise and good man,
Professor Franck, used to say of them, "They do not
describe our common Christianity, but every one has a
religion of his own." It is very true: So that if you study
the Mystic writers, you will find as many religions as books;
and for this plain reason, each of them makes his own
experience the standard of religion.
Madam Guion was a good woman, and is a fine writer,
but very far from judicious. Her writings will lead any one
who is fond of them, into unscriptural Quietism. They
strike at the root, and tend to make us rest contented with-
out either faith or works.
It is certain the Scripture by "prayer" almost always
means vocal prayer. And whosoever intermits this for any
time, will neither pray with the voice nor the heart. It is
therefore our wisdom to force ourselves to prayer; to pray
whether we can pray or not. And many times while we
are so doing, the fire will fall from heaven, and we shall
know our labour was not in vain.
There is, upon the whole, nothing new under the sun;
but the spirit which you speak of, as manifesting itself
among your young people, is utterly a new thing among the


Methodists; I have. known nothing like it in the three
kingdoms. And yet I do not know that they have either
less sense or less grace than others of their age or sex.
But this is one proof among a thousand, that if God leave
us for a moment to ourselves, there is no folly into which
our subtle adversary may not drive the wisest of the human
race. Yet I do not see that you are at liberty to give up
your charge on this account. It seems you should simply
lay the whole affair before Messrs. Pawson and Allen. They
arc candid and impartial judges, prejudiced neither on one
side nor the other; and I believe they will be able to
judge, on any emergency, what steps are the most proper to
be taken.
One reason, it may be, why this was permitted, was to
confound the pride of your understanding. You had been
accounted a woman of sense, and commended for it. And
our nature readily receives such commendation. But see
how little your sense avails You can do no more herein,
than if you were almost an idiot. "The help that is done
upon earth, He doeth it himself," whether with or without
instruments. Let your whole soul be stayed upon Him, for
time and eternity.
When I observe anything amiss in your temper or beha-
viour, I shall hardly fail to tell you of it; for I am persuaded
you would not only suffer it, but profit by advice or reproof.
I have been sometimes afraid you did not deal plainly
enough with the young women under your care. There
needs much courage and faithfulness, that you may do all
that in you lies to present them faultless before the throne.
I do not know whether there is any outward employ which
would be so proper for you, as that you are now engaged in.
You have scope to use all the talents which God has given
you, and that is the most excellent way. You have likewise
a most admirable exercise for your patience, either in the
dullness or frowardness of your little ones. And some of
these will learn from you, what is of the greatest importance,
to know themselves and to know God. You must not,
therefore, relinquish this station lightly; not without full
and clear proof, that God calls you so to do. Meantime,
bear your cross, and it will bear you. Seek an inward, not
an outward, change.. What you want is only inward liberty,
the glorious liberty of the children of God. And how soon


may you enjoy this! Who knows what a day, an hour, a
moment, may bring forth? How soon may you hear the
voice that speaks Jehovah near! Why should it not be
to-day ?
I am
Yours affectionately.

DCCVII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, June 17, 1774.
IT is something strange, that I should never hear of
your sickness, till I hear of your recovery. Both the one
and the other were designed for blessings, and I doubt not
but they have proved so to you. Since I saw you first, I
have not observed much occasion for reproving. But we have
all need of advice and exhortation, else we should soon be
weary and faint in our minds. It is to be expected, that
above one-half of those who not only profess great things,
but actually enjoy the great salvation, will, nevertheless, be
sooner or later moved from their steadfastness. Some of
them will indeed recover what they had lost; others will die
in their sins. The observing this should incite us to'double
our diligence, lest we should fall after their exaniple.
The difference between heaviness and darkness of soul,
(the wilderness state,) should never be forgotten. Darkness
(unless in the case of bodily disorder) seldom comes.upon Us
but by our own fault. It is not so with respect to heaviness,
which may be occasioned by a thousand circumstances, such
as frequently neither our wisdom can foresee, nor our power
prevent. It seems your trial was of the latter kind; perhaps
too it was partly owing to the body. But of whatsoever
kind it was, you may profit thereby: It need not leave you
as it found you. Remember the wise saying of Mr. Dodd,
"It is a great loss to lose an affliction." If you are no
better for it, you lose it. But you may gain thereby both
humility, seriousness, and resignation.
We so become all things to all, as not to hurt our own
souls, when we first secure a single eye, a steady design, to
please all for their good to edification; arid there take care
that our discourse be always good to the use of edifying, and
such as may minister grace to the hearers. But in order to
this, we have need of power from on high, and of the wisdom
that sitteth by the throne. This alone can give us to order


our conversation aright, so as to profit both others and our-
selves. Before you can do this effectually, you must conquer
your natural reserve, and exercise it only to those of whom
you know nothing at all, or of whom you know nothing
good. Perhaps there is one occasion more on which it will
be highly expedient, if not necessary; namely, when good
persons (at least in some measure so) sink beneath their
character, trifle away time, or indulge themselves in a
conversation which has no tendency to improve either the
speaker or the hearer.
I think it will not be best for you to go out less than you
ever did. Suppose you have more faith and more love, (as I
would fain think you have,) you certainly ought to go out
more. Otherwise, your faith will insensibly die away. It is
by works only, that it can be made perfect. And the more
the love of solitude is indulged, the more it will increase.
This is a temptation common to men. In every age and
country Satan has whispered to those who began to taste the
powers of the world to come, "To the desert "To the
wilderness!" Most of our little flock at Oxford were tried
with this; my brother and I in particular. Nay, but I say,
"To the Bible! To the Bible!" And there you will learn,
"as you have time, to do good unto all men;" to warn every
man, to exhort every man as you have opportunity.
Although the greatest part of your care and labour should be
laid out on those that are of the household of faith, certainly
you may do good to others, without anyways endangering
your own salvation. What at present you much want is
simplicity, in the Archbishop of Cambray's sense of the
word: That grace whereby the soul casts off all unnecessary
reflections upon itself." I wish I could say of you, as I did
of a young person many years ago, when I sent her his little
"In art, in nature, can we find
Colours to picture thee ?
Speak, Cambray's pen, for Sally's mind;
She is simplicity."

To be enabled to relieve those who are in want is one
excellent part of self-denial. But you must not imagine
that this will be the only one. No; you have a message
from God to some of those, to whom no one almost dare
speak the plain truth; and He will confirm the word of his


messenger, especially to those who are in weakness or pain,
or under any kind of affliction. At such a time, greatness
stands aloof, and they are as accessible as common persons.
In religion, as well as in all things else, it ig use that
brings perfectness. I have long laboured under the same
infirmity with you; and I find but one way to conquer.
Take up your cross. When the occasion offers, break
through. Speak, though it is pain and grief unto you; and
it will be easier and easier, till you resemble an eminent
surgeon, who once said to my brother, "Mr. Wesley, you
know I would not hurt a fly; I would not give pain to any
living thing. But if it were necessary, I would scrape all the
flesh off a man's bones, and never turn my head aside."
A clear conviction of the superior advantages of a single
life certainly implies a call from God to abide therein;
supposing a person has received that gift from God. But we
know, all cannot receive this saying: And I think, none
ought to make any vows concerning it; because, although
we know what we are, and what we can do now, yet we do
not know what we shall be. The principal advantages
of that state are set down in the little tract on that subject;
together with the means which are proper to be used by
those who desire to retain those advantages. If at any time
Providence should seem to call a person to relinquish those
advantages, I would earnestly advise her not to lean to her
own understanding; (less in this case than any other;) but
to consult one or more spiritual friends, and resolutely stand
to their award.
Although I am thoroughly persuaded that those reason-
ings are, in a great measure, from a preternatural cause, and
therefore chiefly to be resisted, by continuing instant in
prayer; yet I think Christian prudence not only permits,
but requires, you to add other means to this. That which I
would especially recommend is reading; particularly Pascal's
"Thoughts," (in the "Christian Library,") and the two first
tracts in the "Preservative against Unsettled Notions in
Religion." These temptations are permitted to give you a
deep and lasting conviction of the littleness and weakness
of your own understanding, and to show you the absolute
need wherein you stand of continual light, as well as of power
from on high.
That the regulation of social life is the one end of religion,


is a strange position indeed. I never imagined any but a
Deist would affirm this. If that good man, Dr. D., did, I
suppose it must be a slip of the pen; for he could not but
know, that the love, without which, St. Paul affirms, all we
do profits us nothing, is that humble, meek, patient love
of our neighbour, which supposes and flows from the love
of God.
A degree of reasoning you certainly may and ought to use,
only joined with humility and prayer. But what you more
immediately want, is faith. Believe, and thou shalt be saved
into perfect peace.
I am
Yours affectionately.

DCCVIII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, April 17, 1776.
Ma. JoNEs's book on the Trinity is both more clear and
more strong, than any I ever saw on that subject. If any-
thing is wanting, it is the application, lest it should appear
to be a merely speculative doctrine, which has no influence
on our hearts or lives; but this is abundantly supplied by
my brother's Hymns.
After all the noise that has been made about mysteries,
and the trouble we have given ourselves upon that head,
nothing is more certain than that no child of man is required
to believe any mystery at all. With regard to the Trinity, for
instance; what am I required to believe? Not the manner,
wherein the mystery lies. This is not the object of my
faith ; but the plain matter of fact, These Three are One."
This I believe, and only this.
Faith is given according to our present need. You have
now such faith as is necessary for your living unto God.
As yet you are not called to die. When you are, you shall
have faith for this also. To-day improve the faith you now
have, and trust God with to-morrow.
Some writers make a distinction, which seems not impro-
per. They speak of the essential part of heaven,' and the
accessory parts. A man without any learning is naturally
led into the same distinction. So the poor dying peasant,
in Frederica: "To be sure, heaven is a fine place, a very
fine place; but I do not care for that: I want to see God,
and to be with him." I do not know whether the usual


question be well stated, "Is heaven a state, or a place ?"
There is no opposition between these two: It is both the
one and the other. It is the place where God more imme-
diately dwells with those saints who are in a glorified state.
Homer could only conceive of the place, that it was paved
with brass. Milton, in one place, makes heaven's pave-
ment beaten gold; in another, he defines it more sublimely,
"the house of God, star-paved." As full an account of
this house of God as it can yet enter into our hearts to
conceive is, given us in various parts of the Revelation.
There we have a fair prospect into the holiest, where are,
first, He that sitteth upon the throne;" then the "four
living creatures; next, the "twenty-four elders;" after-
wards, the "great multitude, which no man can number;"
and, surrounding them all, the various "myriads of angels,"
whom God hath constituted in a wonderful order.
But what is the essential part of heaven? Undoubtedly
it is to see God, to know God, to love God. We shall then
know both His nature, and His works of creation and
providence, and of redemption. Even in paradise, in the
intermediate state between death and the resurrection, we
shall learn more concerning these in an hour, than we could
in an age, during our stay in the body. We cannot tell
indeed how we shall then exist, or what kind of organs we
shall have: The soul will not be encumbered with flesh and
blood; but probably it will have some sort of ethereal
vehicle, even before God clothes us "with our nobler house
of empyrean light."
No, my dear friend, no; it is no selfishness to be pleased
when you give pleasure. It proves that your mind was
antecedently in a right state, and then God answers' you in
the joy of your heart. So be more and more athirst for
that holiness; and thereby give more and more pleasure to
Your affectionate friend.

DCCIX.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, December 26, 1776.
EITHER that text in Ezekiel xxxiii. 8 is to be under-
stood literally, or it has no meaning at all. And nothing is
more certain, in fact, than that thousands perish through
the neglect of others. And yet God is fully justified
therein, because the principal cause of their destruction is


their own neglect; their not working out their own salva-
tion with fear and trembling.
Whatever other ends are answered by prayer, this is one,
and it seems a primary one, that we may have the petitions
which we ask of Him. Asking is the appointed means
of receiving; and that for others, as well as for ourselves;
as we may learn partly from reason itself, but more fully
from our own experience, and more clearly still from reve-
lation. Reason teaches us to argue from analogy. If you
(because you have a regard for me) would do more for a
third person at my request than otherwise you would have
done, how much more will God, at the request of his
beloved children, give blessings to those they pray for, which
otherwise he would not have given And how does all
experience confirm this How many times have the petitions
of others been answered to our advantage, and ours on the
behalf of others!
But the most decisive of all proofs is the scripture : "Go
to my servant Job, and he shall pray for you; for him will
I accept." It was not a temporal blessing which was here
in question, but a spiritual,-the forgiveness of their sin.
So when St. Paul said, "Brethren, pray for us;" he did not
desire this on a temporal account only, that "he might be
delivered out of the mouth of the lion;" but on a spiritual,
"that he might speak boldly, as he ought to speak." But
the instances of this are innumerable. In proof of the general
truth, that God gives us both temporal and spiritual bless-
ings, in answer to each other's prayers, I need only remind
you of one scripture more: "Let them pray over him; and
the prayer of faith, shall save the sick; and if he have
committed sins, they shall be forgiven him." The promise
in the following verse is still more comprehensive: "Pray
one for another, and ye shall be healed" of whatsoever you
have confessed to each other.
I lament over every pious young woman who is not as
active as possible; seeing every one shall receive his own
reward, according to his own labour. 0, lose no time!
Buy up every opportunity of doing good. It does not
appear to me that you ought, on any consideration, to give
up the privileges you mention. Nether do I apprehend
that you would be more useful in a boarding-school than
you are in your present station. I cannot, therefore, advise


you to relinquish it. You have now a large field of action:
You have employment enough, both temporal and spiritual;
and you have ease enough. Abide .in your calling. The
pious young woman, whom I particularly lament over, does
not live at Bath, but Bristol. But I cannot help her: She
allows premises, but holds fast her own conclusion. O, who
can bear riches! Who can gain money, without, in some
measure, losing grace I verily believe, if she were as poor
as you, she would be as advisable.
Our Church Catechism is utterly improper for children
of six or seven years old. Certainly you ought not to teach
.it them against your own judgment. I should imagine it
would be far better to teach them the short Catechism,
prefixedd to the "Instructions for Children."
I am
Your affectionate friend.

DCCX.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, BRISTOL, March 15. 1777.
THE sea-breezes may be of service to you, if you have
constant exercise. This has brought many from the gates
of death. It is beyond all medicine whatever.
I am in great hopes this sickness will not be unto death,
but that the glory of the Lord may be revealed. Kempis's
rule admits of many exceptions. Whatever was the case
then, we have now abundant proof, that very "many are
made better by sickness;" unless one would rather say "in
sickness." This is one of the grand means which God
employs for that purpose. In sickness, many are convinced
of sin; many converted to God; and still more confirmed
in the ways of God, and brought onward to perfection.
His gracious design in yours seems to be chiefly this,-to
wean you yet more from created things; to make and keep
you dead to all below. To this end, you are in a manner
cut off from everything, that you may find your all in Him.
If He should see good to restore you, you will be an instru-
ment fit for the Master's use.
It seems, the best way to profit by that retirement which
results from your present weakness, is, to divide your time
between reading, meditation, and prayer, intermixed with
serious conversation. And when your strength will permit,
you must endeavour to do a little good; only take care at


first, not to go too far. Some years since, we had a little
society at Southampton: Perhaps you may find some frag-
ments of it remaining. May the God of all grace, after you
have suffered awhile, make you perfect, establish, strengthen,
and settle you !
I am
Your ever affectionate brother.

DCCXI.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, February 7, 1778.
IT is no great matter whether those doubts arose in
your mind by conversing with Mr. H., by reading Mr.
Law's later works, or by your own reasoning. But, doubt-
less, what you mention is a point of the last importance,
and deserves our most serious consideration : The rather,
because the strange account given of it by some has induced
others to deny the doctrine of atonement; although this is
the distinguishing point between Deism and Christianity.
"The morality of the Bible" (said Lord Huntingdon to me)
"I admire; but the doctrine of atonement I cannot compre-
hend." Here, then, we divide. Give up the atonement,
and we are all agreed.
This point, therefore, deserves to be largely considered;
but that my time will not permit. And it is the less need-
ful, because I have done. it already in my letter to Mr.
Law; to which I beg you will give a serious reading,
whether you have read it before or not. But it is true, I
can no more comprehend it than his Lordship: Perhaps I
might say, than the angels of God; the highest created
understanding. If we attempt to expatiate in this field, we
"shall find no end, in wandering mazes lost !" But.the
question is, (the only question with me; I regard nothing
else,) What saith the Scripture? It says, God was in
Christ, reconciling the world unto himself;" that "He
made him, who knew no sin, to be a sin-offering for us."
It says, He was wounded for our transgressions, and
bruised for our iniquities." It says, We have an Advocate
with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous; and he is the
atonement for our sins."
But it is certain, had God never been angry, he could
never have been reconciled. So that in affirming this, Mr.
Law strikes at the very root of the atonement, and finds a


shorter method of converting Deists, than Mr. Leslie's!
Although, therefore, I do not term God, as Mr. Law sup-
poses, "a wrathful Being," which conveys a wrong idea; yet
I firmly believe he was angry with all mankind, and that he
was reconciled to them by the death of his Son. And I know
he was angry with me, till I believed in the Son of his love;
and yet this is no impeachment to. his mercy. But he is just,
as well as merciful.
Undoubtedly, as long as the world stands, there will be a
thousand objections to this scriptural doctrine. For still the
preaching of Christ crucified will be foolishness to the wise
men of the world. However, let us hold it fast in our heart,
as well as in our understanding; and we shall find by happy
experience, that this is to us the wisdom of God, and the
power of God.
I am
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCCXII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, LONDON, October 18, 1778.
I AM not unwilling to write to you, even upon a tender
subject, because you will weigh the matter fairly. And if
you have a little prepossession, (which who has not?) yet
you are willing to give it up to reason.
The original Methodists were all of the Church of England;
and the more awakened they were, the more zealously they
adhered to it, in every point, both of doctrine and discipline.
Hence we inserted in the very first Rules of our Society,
"They that leave the Church, leave us." And this we did,
not as a point of prudence, but a point of conscience. We
believed it unlawful to separate from the Church, unless
sinful terms of communion were imposed. Just as did
Mr. Philip Henry, and most of those holy men that were
contemporary with himi.
"But the Ministers of it do not preach the Gospel."-
Neither do some of the Independent or Anabaptist Ministers.
Calvinism is not the Gospel: Nay, it is farther from it, than
most of the sermons I hear at the Church. These are very
frequently unevangelical, but they are not anti-evangelical.
They are (to say no more) equally wrong; and they are far
more dangerously wrong. Few of the Methodists arc now
in danger of imbibing error from the Church Ministers; but


.they are in great danger of imbibing the grand error, Cal-
vinism, from some of the Dissenting Ministers. Perhaps
thousands have done it already; most of whom have drawn
back to perdition. I see more instances of this than any one
else can do; and on this ground also, exhort all who would
keep to the Methodists, and from Calvinism, to go to the
church, and not to the meeting.
But to speak freely: I myself find more life in the Church
Prayers, than in any formal extemporary prayers of Dissenters.
Nay, I find more profit in sermons on either good tempers, or
good works, than in what. are vulgarly called Gospel sermons.
That term has now become a mere cant word: I wish none.
of our society would use it. It has no determinate meaning.
Let but a pert, self-sufficient animal, that has neither sense
nor grace, bawl out something about Christ, or his blood, or
justification by faith, and his hearers cry out, "What a fine
Gospel sermon!" Surely the Methodists have not so learned
Christ! We know no Gospel without salvation from sin.
There is a Romish error which many Protestants swallow
unawares. It is an avowed doctrine of the Romish Church,
that the "pure intention of the Minister is essential to the
validity of. the sacraments." If so, we ought not to attend
the ministrations of an unholy man. But in flat opposition
to this, our Church teaches, in the Twenty-eighth Article,
that "the unworthiness of the Minister does not hinder the
validity of the sacraments." Although, therefore, there are
many disagreeable circumstances, yet I advise all our friends
tp keep to the Church. God has surely raised us up for the
Church chiefly, that a little leaven may leaven the whole'
lump. I wish you would seriously consider that little tract,
"Reasons against a Separation from the Church of England."
Those reasons were never yet answered, and, I believe, they
never will.
I am glad you have undertaken that labour of love, and
trust it will increase both your spiritual and bodily strength.
I am, my dear sister,
Yours very affectionately.

DCCXIII.-To the Same.
I HAVE written to Mr. Pawson, and am in hopes that
Keynsham will be no more neglected. I did not expect you


would meet with any trial of this kind; but it is well to be
prepared for all.
When Molly Maddern taught a few children at Kings-
wood, I saw a truly Christian school. To make the children
Christians was her first care; afterwards they were taught
what women need to learn. I saw another Christian school
at Leytonstone, under the care of Miss Bosanquet. I do not
remember I discovered any defect, either in the former or the
latter: I observed nothing done which I wished to be
omitted; nothing omitted which I wished to have done.
May I speak without reserve? I verily think I may. I
hoped to see a third Christian school at ; and I did so
for a season. But I cannot say, that for some years it has.
quite answered my expectations. "What then was the
matter?" I can hardly tell. I do not know how to express
it. I did not see the simplicity which I saw at first. More
of the world seemed to be crept in. Good breeding I love;
but how difficult is it to keep it quite clear of affectation, and
of a something which does not well agree with 'that mind
which was in Christ!
SI want your children to be trained up quite in the manner
that Miss Bosanquet's were. Although they were very
genteel, yet there was something in their whole manner which
told you they belonged to another world. Mrs. Castleman
was one of Molly Maddern's scholars. She is genteel; yet
she is a Christian.
Make Christians, my dear sister, make Christians Let
this be your leading view. Make such Christians as Miranda,
as Miss ; such as Miss M. was! Let everything else
which you teach be subordinate to this. Mind one thing in
all! Le.t it be said of the young women you educate,-
"Grace was in all her steps, heaven in her eye,
In all her gestures sanctity and love."
But what power do you want to execute this! Ask, and it
shall be given you! May you not have the earnest of it this
I am, my dear sister,
Your affectionate friend and brother.


DCCXIV.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, Near LEEDS, July 17, 1781.
WHEN the school began at it was in all respects
a school after my own heart; conducted exactly on the same
principles as that of Miss Bosanquet, at Leytonstone. But
it declined from its original simplicity, I know not how, by
slow degrees; indeed so insensibly, that I hardly know what
to blame, and so know not how to cure it.
If I have to meet the society at Bristol again, I shall kill
or cure those unwise and unkind parents who make their
children finer than themselves. I believe I shall make their
ears tingle. As to you, I advise you, first, to be a Bible
Christian yourself, inwardly and outwardly. Be not a hair's
breadth more conformable to the fashions of the world than
you were when I last saw you. Then train up your children
in the self-same way. Say to them, with all mildness and
firmness, "Be ye followers of me, even as I am of Christ."
Whoever is pleased or displeased, keep to this; to Christian,
primitive simplicity. Perhaps at first you will lose some
scholars thereby; but regard not that: God will provide you
more. And be assured, nothing shall be wanting that is in
the power of,
My dear sister,
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCCXV.-To the Same.
FROM the time I heard you were rejected by -, I
have had a tender regard for you, and a strong hope that
without regard to the wisdom, or spirit, or customs of the
world, you would (as those at did once)
Square your useful life below
By reason and by grace.
Hitherto, you have not at all deceived my hope; and I am
persuaded you never will. In some of the young ones you
will undoubtedly find your labour has not been in vain.
What they "will be, one cannot judge yet; therefore Solomon's
advice is good: "In the morning sow thy seed, and in the
evening withhold not thy hand; for thou knowest not which
shall prosper."


It seems God himself has already decided the question
concerning dancing. He hath shown his approbation of your
conduct, by sending those children to you again. If dancing
be not evil in itself, yet it leads young women to numberless
evils. And the hazard of these on the one side, seems far to
overbalance the little inconveniences on the other. Therefore
thus much may certainly be said, You have chosen the more
excellent way.
I would recommend very few novelsto young persons, for
fear they. should be too desirous of more. Mr. Brooke wrote
one more; (besides the "Earl of Moreland,") "The History
of the Human Heart." I think it is well.worth reading;
though it is not equal to his former production. The want
of novels may be supplied by well-chosen histories; such as,
"The Concise History of England," "The Concise History
of the Church," Rollin's Ancient History, Hooke's Roman
History, (the only impartial one extant,) and a few more.
For the elder and more sensible children, Malebranche's
" Search after Truth is an excellent French book. Perhaps
you might add, Locke's "Essay on the Human Under-
standing," with the Remarks in the Arminian Magazine.
I had forgotten that beautiful book, The Travels of Cyrus,"
whether in French or English.
I always am
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCCXVI.-To Mr. John Baxendale, of Wigan
I HAD much satisfaction when I was with you last, and
hope to spend a night with you again; though I cannot yet
fix the time. I agree with you, it would be well if the
chapel -were properly settled. You do well to lose no
opportunity of enlarging your borders. It is an acceptable
time. We are now more especially called to preach the
Gospel to every creature: And many of the last shall be
first. If we live to meet, I shall be glad to converse with
that good young woman you speak of. The happy death
of that poor mourner was a token for good. It was intended
to encourage you in warning every one, and exhorting every


one; even though you do not see any immediate fruit. In
due time you shall reap, if you faint not. Strongly exhort
all believers to go on to perfection.
I am
Your affectionate brother.

DCCXVII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, February 19, 1784.
You do well to put me in mind of my promise; for
otherwise I might have forgotten it. It seems at length
the time is come for poor Wigan to lift up its head. I shall
be glad to give them a sermon at Winvate myself, in my way
from Wigan to Bolton. We should mark the places where
God is pleased to work eminently, and strive to pour in all
the help we can.
You would do well to read over and consider the large
"Minutes of the Conference." See if you can throughly
agree with what is there laid down, both with regard to
doctrine and discipline. If you can, then set your hand to
the plough in God's name, and never look back. Begin as
soon as you please ordering your affairs, and go on with
circumspection. Meantime, stir up the gift of God that is
in you, and do all the good you can.
I am
Your affectionate brother.

DCCXVIII.- To the Same.
3MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, February 25, 1785.
You send me an agreeable account of the work of God
in and near Wigan. Indeed His work will flourish in every
place where full sanctification is clearly and strongly
preached. This year I only call on a few societies in my
way. My business is with the societies in Ireland. I hope
to call at Manchester on Saturday, April 2; at Bolton, thq
4th; Wigan, Tuesday, the 5th. Perhaps I might preach at
'Winyate on my way thither.
I am
Your affectionate brother.


DCCXIX.-To the Same.
I HAVE throughly considered your case; and, consider-
ing two things,-first, the peculiar love of the people towards
you, and, secondly, your usefulness to many of them,-I
judge that Providence clearly calls you to remain at Wigan.
Your affectionate brother.

MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, December 23, 1782.
MANY years since, when I read those words in the
lesson for the day, Son of man, I take from thee the
desire of thine eyes with a stroke," I was so affected, that it
was not without difficulty I could speak a word more. But
it was not long before He enabled me to say, Good is the
will of the Lord." I trust He has taught you that great
lesson, which reason alone cannot teach. He has always one
end, whether in his pleasing or painful dispensations, to
wean us from all things here below, and to unite us to
himself. You see the present dispensation of his providence
in a true light. He is vindicating his right to your whole
heart, and claiming you for his own. And He can make
you large amends for all He has taken away, by giving you
Let not this medicine be without its full effect. "It is a
great loss to lose an affliction." Now is the time that you
are loudly called to give up yourself wholly to God. .It
would be your wisest way, to select two or three for your
intimate acquaintances, who are deeply alive to God; and
to have no farther intercourse with those who know not
God, than necessary business requires. If you form this
resolution, and keep steadily to it, you will meet our dear
friend again in a little time. May God enable you so to do !
His grace is sufficient for you.
I am
Your affectionate brother.


DCCXXI.-To Miss Frances Godfrey, of Gainsborough.
MY DEAR SISTER, LEEDS, July 31, 1784.
I THANK you for giving me so full an account of that
extraordinary deliverance. I doubt not but those that were
called epileptic fits were owing to a messenger of Satan
whom God permitted to buffet you. Theretore, a. numan
helps were vain. Nothing but the power of God could
deliver you. And if you continue to walk humbly and
closely with God, he will continue to bruise Satan under
your feet, and will add bodily health to the spirit of an
healthful mind. Do all you can for so good a Master!
And see that you go on to perfection, till you know all that
love of God that passeth knowledge.
I am, my dear sister,
S Your affectionate brother.

DCCXXII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, LONDON, August 5, 1788.
You have indeed escaped as a bird out of the snare of
the fowler; the snare is broken, and you are delivered.
Certainly you have great reason to praise Him who has
brought you to the knowledge of his truth; and not only
given you to know, but to experience, the truth as'it is in
Jesus. I felt a love for you from the first time I saw you,
when you was under those grievous trials. Now that you
have recovered some measure of health and strength, employ
it all to the glory of Him that gave it. Now go on to
perfection Hunger and thirst after righteousness, till you
are satisfied therewith; then you will be more and more
near to,
My dear Fanny,
Yours affectionately.
My love to your mother.

DCCXXIII.-To the Same.
LEEDS, August 2, 1789.
IT gives me pleasure, my dear Fanny, to hear that
you still continue in. the good way. Still press to the mark,
to 'the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.
From what you have already experienced, you know there
is one happiness in the earth below, and in heaven above.


You know God.alone can satisfy your soul either in earth
or heaven. Cleave to Him with full purpose of heart. If
you seek happiness in anything but Him, you must be
disappointed. I hope you find satisfaction, likewise, in
some of your Christian companions. It is a blessed thing
to have fellow-travellers to the New Jerusalem. If vou
cannot find any, you must make them; for none can travel
that road alone. Then labour to help each other on, that
you may be altogether Christians. Wishing you health both
of body and mind,
I am, my dear Fanny,
Yours affectionately

DCCXXIV.-To the Rev. Walter Sellon.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, December 1, 1757.
Ir only one stone were removed out of the way, the
thing might be immediately effected. Only prevail upon
John Brandon to spend a month or two in London, or any
other part of England, and I will ihimediately send another
Preacher to Leicester, Ashby, and the adjacent places. But,
during the present scarcity of labourers, we cannot spare a
second for that small Circuit till you spare us the first. It
is surprising that, from one end of the land to the other, so
little good is done in a regular way. What have you to do
but to follow that way which the providence of God points
out? And when they drive you from Smithsby, you know
where to have both employment, and the things needful
for the body. I think also it will be highly profitable for
your soul to be near those who have more experience in the
ways of God.
I am
Your affectionate brother.

DCCXXV.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, December 30, 1766.
1T is certain that nothing less than the mighty power
of God can ever effect that union. However, in me, mora
non erit ulla: And I doubt not you are of the same mind.
Begin then. Set upon John Goodwin as soon as you

* No delay will occur.-EDIT.


please. You are very capable of the work: And you have
something more leisure than I have. But I would not have
you stint yourself for room. The book should be in the
letter wherein my Abridgment of the Serious Call" is
printed. And if it have three hundred and fifty pages, well.
Are you tired with ploughing on the sand? Then come
away to better work. It is true you would have less money,
only forty pounds a year; but you would have more comfort,
and more fruit of your labour. Here is a wide and glorious
field of action. You might exceedingly help a willing people,
as well as strengthen the hands of
Your affectionate brother.

DCCXXVI.-To the Same.
I AM glad you have undertaken the "Redemption
Redeemed." But you must in n6wise forget Dr. Owen's
Answer to it: Otherwise you will leave a loophole for all the
Calvinists to creep out. The Doctor's evasions you must
needs cut in pieces, either interweaving your answers with
the body of the work, under each head, or adding them in
marginal notes.
Your ever affectionate brother.

DCCXXVII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, December 30, 1769.
IT is not yet determined whether I should go to Ame-
rica, or not. I have been importuned some time; but nil
sat firmi video.* I must have a clear call before I am at
liberty to leave Europe.
You should heat your milk, but never let it boil. Boiling
robs it of the most nutritious particles. Take care to keep
always your body moderately open, and your stomach will not
often complain. Mr. Viner did you great honour. Do not
make too much haste in dealing with Elisha [Coles]. I am
afraid the treatise will be too short. And pray add a word
or two to Mr. Toplady, not only with regard to Zanchius,
but his slander on the Church of England. You would do
well to give a reading to both his tracts. He does certainly
believe himself to be the greatest genius in England.

I do not yet perceive sufficiently strong grounds fdr proceeding.-EnDT.


Mr. Johnson was grievously short in not mentioning that
"other thing" at the Conference, or not till all the money
was gone. However, the matter is not much. I.think we
can procure you thirty pounds in February. I believe you
.-strengthen the hands of our Preachers all you can. You
will find Billy Minethorp. a right man. His resolution in
the late affan was admirable. I have scarce ever seen such
another instance in the kingdom.
I am
Your affectionate brother.

DCCXXVIII.-To the Same.
LEWISHAM, February 21, 1770.
Do not make too much haste. Give everything the last
touch. It will be enough if the papers meet me at Man-
chester before the end of March. I believe it will be the
best way to bestow a distinct pamphlet on Mr. Toplady.
Surely wisdom will die with him! I believe we can easily
get his other tract, which it would be well to sift to the very
foundation, in order to stop the mouth of that vain boaster.
I am to set out for Bristol, March 5th; and from Bristol,
March 12th.
I am
Your affectionate brother.

DCCXXIX.-To the Same.
DEAR WALTER, February 1, 1772.
You do not understand your information right.
Observe, "I am going to America to turn Bishop." You
are to understand it in sensu composite.* I am not to be a
Bishop till I am in America. While I am in Europe, there-
fore, you have nothing to fear. But as soon as ever you
hear of my being landed at Philadelphia, it will be time
for your apprehensions to revive. It is true some of our
Preachers would not have me stay so long; but I keep my
old rule: Festina lenti.t
I am, dear Walter,
Your affectionate brother.
In its compound sense.-EnDT.
Prcceed with caution.-EDIT.


DCCXXX.-To the Same.
DEAR SIR, LONDON, June 10, 1784.
I SINCERELY thank you for your speedy and satisfactory
answer. T. Maxfield affirms that you either wrote such a
deed, or signed it. So fare it well.
.On the 28th of last June I finished my eightieth year.
When I was young I had weak eyes, trembling hands, and
abundance of infirmities. But, by the blessing of God, I
have outlived them all. I have no infirmities now, but what
I judge to be inseparable from flesh and blood. This hath
God wrought. I am afraid you want the grand medicine
which I use,-exercise, and change of air. I believe what
you say concerning that place in the Journal is true. I can
trust your memory better than my own.
You used to meet me when I came near you; but you
seem, of late, to have forgotten
Your old friend and brother.

DCCXXXI.-To Miss D. Perronet.
I AM sensible you have many trials; not only such as
are grievous to flesh and blood, but such as oppose those
desires which are not from nature, but the Spirit of God;
and if you chose for yourself, you ought not to choose the
situation you are now in. If you did, it would be a great
hurt to your soul. It would hinder the work of God in you.
But you do not choose for yourself; God chooses for you:
And He cannot err; so that you may safely say,
I'11 trust my great Physician's skill:
What he prescribes can ne'er be ill."
It is true, so it may seem to us, because we are dim-sighted,
and dull of understanding: But in this case too we may
apply his word, "Blessed are they who have not seen, and
yet have believed." 0 believe, and feel Him near!
Believe, and experience that blessedness. He calls you into
a stormy path; but did He not himself tread it before you?
And does He not go with you through the fire, so that you
are not burned, neither can the flames kindle upon you?
Lie, then, as clay in the potter's band, that He may stamp
you with all his image. Be still, and know that He is God;


-your God, your love, your all. Be as a little child before
Him. The word of God to them of old, Speak to the
children of Israel, that they go forward," is undoubtedly
spoken to you. Horses, and chariots, and armies, and
mountains, and seas, cannot hinder you; for God is on your
side. You have Him with you who has all power in heaven.
O trust Him, and you shall praise Him And do not fail to
remember in your prayers
Your affectionate brother.

DCCXXXII.-To the Same.
BY and by you shall have the abiding witness of His
Spirit; and He will shine upon his own work; and why not
now? Ask, and it shall be given you. The Lord is at
hand; and He cannot deny himself. Your trials, you know,
are all chosen by God. It is the cup which your Father has
given you; and he does and will bless it, as long as He is
pleased to give it. Just when it is best, He will take it
away, and give you outward fellowship with his children.
Continue in private prayer, in spite of all coldness and
wanderings, and you shall soon pray without ceasing.

DCCXXXIII.-To the Same.
THAT remarkable sinking of spirits did not necessarily
imply any preceding unfaithfulness. It might possibly be
owing to the body. At such a season, you have nothing to
do but simply to give yourself up into the hands of God.
Tell him, "Lord, I am thine. I will be thine. I desire to
be thine alone for ever. Thou shalt answer for me. Keep
thou thine own; and let me do, or suffer, just as seemeth
thee good." What can hurt us, if our eye be single? Look
forward! Holiness and heaven are before you. You have
no need to determine whether your heart is or is not made
new, till the witness speaks within you, and puts it beyond
all doubt. You are led in a rough way: It is a safe one. A
more smooth way would be more dangerous. Your earnestly
desiring the most excellent means of grace, is neither sin nor
infirmity. It is right to say, My soul hath a desire and
longing to enter into the courts of the house of my God."
Read the eighty-fourth psalm, and try if your heart answers
to it. At present, exercise all the faith you have; and it will
be increased day by day.


DCCXXXIV.-To the Same.
DUBLIN, March 30, 1771.
I no not wonder you should find such a nearness to
M. B. She is an amiable young woman. When she was
with us last, I marked her every word, and almost every
meaning; but I could find nothing to reprove. There was in
all her actions sanctity and love. God sent her to you in an
acceptable time. She came with a good message, and blessed
is she that believed; for there shall be a performance of
those things which were spoken unto her. He will water
you every moment, and on this depends the continuance of
the great salvation. It will surely continue, if you watch
and pray; and yet not without temptation. I expect
temptations will come about you,
Thick as autumnal leaves that strew the vales.
But what are temptations to you? He giveth occasions of
fighting, that you may conquer. If there is no fight, there
is no victory. There is no general rule whereby we can
always determine whether a thought come from a good or an
evil spirit; but on all particular occasions we may plead that
promise, "If a man be willing to do my will, he shall know
of the doctrine," or suggestion, by the light then given,
" whether it be of God."
I am, &c.

DCCXXXV.-To Miss J. C. M.
January 30, 1762.
WHEN you was justified, you had a direct witness that
your sins were forgiven: Afterward, this witness was frequently
intermitted; and yet you did not doubt of it. In like manner,
you have had a direct witness that you are saved from sin;
and this witness is frequently intermitted; and yet even then
you do not doubt of it. But I much doubt, if God withdraws
either the one witness or the other, without some occasion
given on our part. I never knew any one receive the abiding,
witness gradually: Therefore I incline to think, this also is
given in a moment. But there will be still, after this,
abundant room for a gradual growth in grace.


DCCXXXVI.-To the Same.
WHITEHAVEN, June 24, 1764.
You give me an agreeable account of the state of things
in London, and such as calls for much thankfulness. From'
different letters I find that there is at length a calm season;
God having rebuked the wind and the seas. But I am
concerned for you. I cannot doubt a moment but you was
saved from sin. Your every act, word, thought, was love,
whatever it be now. You was, in a measure, a living witness
of the perfection I believe and preach,-the only perfection
of which we are capable while we remain in the body. To
carry perfection higher is to sap the foundation of it, and
destroy it from the face of the earth. I am jealous over you:
I am afraid lest, by grasping at a shadow, you should have
let go the substance; lest, by aiming at a perfection which
we cannot have till hereafter, you should cast away that
which now belongs to the children of God. This is love
filling the heart. Surely it did fill yours, and it may do now,
by simple faith. O cast not away your confidence, which
hath great recompense of reward! Converse much with
those who are all alive; who strive, not to pull you down, but
to build you up. Accursed be that humility by which ship-
wreck is made of the faith. Look up, and receive power
from on high. Receive all you had once, and more than all.
Give no place to evil reasoning. You have need to be
guarded by a steady, and yet tender, hand. Be as a little
child. The Lord is at hand. He is yours; therefore shall
you lack nothing.
I am, &c.

DCCXXXVII.-To the Same.
NEWCASTLE, June 3, 1774.
You are a living witness of two great truths: The one,
that there cannot be a lasting, steady, enjoyment of pure
love, without the direct testimony of the Spirit concerning
it; without God's Spirit shining on his own work: The other,
that setting perfection too high is the ready way to drive it
out of the world. A third thing you may learn from your
own experience is, that the heart of man contains things that
one would think incompatible. Such are the tempers and
sensations of those especially that are renewed in love. Some


of them seem to be quite inconsistent with others; so that, if
we give way to reasoning on this head, if we will not believe
what God has wrought till we can account for all the circum-
stances attending it, till we know how these things can be,
we shall bewilder ourselves more and more, and
Find no end, in wandering mazes lost.
I believe one thing which has hurt you is, that kind of silence.
One use of your present journey may be this:-Learn to
speak for God without either fear or shame. You have need
to be more simple. Look straight forward; eye one thing!
Do not consider that you are a woman, or a gentlewoman.
Do not you bear an higher character? What! know you
not that your very body is the temple of the Holy Ghost
which is in you ? Therefore glorify God with your body and
with your spirit. Give Him the praise that is due unto his
name. I am glad you are going to Stroud. It is probable
you will see that good young woman, A. Esther. If you do,
I hope you will be enabled to encourage her, that she may
hold fast the good gift of God. Her experience was exceeding
clear when I talked with her last. If possible, guard her
against evil reasoning; that she may never let go her
simplicity. Peace be with all your spirits!

DCCXXXVIII.--To the Same.
SOMETIMES I have been afraid lest you should sustain
loss for want of some reproach or disgrace. Your being
young, and a woman of fortune; and not wanting in under-
standing, were circumstances which, according to the ordinary
course of Providence, keep reproach at a distance. However,
you shall not escape it, if our blessed Lord sees it to be the
best means of purifying your soul. You shall have it just in
due measure, and in due time; for He will withhold from
you no manner of thing that is good. There is one with me
here who seems as yet to be under a peculiar dispensation;-
to be wholly screened from the reproach of Christ. There is
something in the natural temper, the understanding, the
person, and the behaviour, of Lady M., which has hitherto
prevented reproach; although she is much devoted to God,
and in many things quite singular. But she is not careful
about it; being willing, whenever He shall see it best, and in


whatever measure He shall choose, to share the portion of .her
Lord. The knowledge of ourselves is true 'humility; and
without this we cannot be freed from vanity; a desire of
praise being inseparably connected with every degree of pride.
Continual watchfulness is absolutely necessary, to hinder this
from stealing in upon us. But as long as we steadily watch
and pray, we shall not enter into temptation. It may, and
will, assault us on every side; but it cannot prevail.

DCCXXXIX.-To Miss Ritchie, afterwards Mrs. Mortlmer.
MY DEAR BETSY, May 8, 1774.
IT is not common for me to write to any one first: I
only answer those that write to me. But I willingly make
an exception with regard to you; for it is not a common
concern that I feel for you. You are just rising into life;
and I would fain have you, not almost, but altogether, a
Christian. I would have you just such a one as Miranda.
And you cannot be content with less: You cannot be satis-
fied with right notions; neither with harmlessness; no, nor
yet with barely external religion, how exact soever it be.
Nay, you will not be content with a taste of inward religion.
This it has pleased God to give you already. You know in
whom you have believed; you have tasted of the powers of
the world to come: But
A taste of love cannot suffice;
Your soul for all His fulness cries!
Cry on, and never cease! Mind not those who rebuke you,
that you should hold your peace. Cry so much the more,
"Jesus of Nazareth, take away all my sins! Leave none
remaining! Speak the word only, and I shall be healed!"
Write freely to
Yours affectionately.

DCCXL.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, June 3, 1774.
I SHALL much want to hear that you stand fast in the
liberty wherewith Christ has made you free. It is abso-
lutely certain that you never need lose anything of what


God has wrought. He is able, and he is willing, to give
you always what he has once given. He will do it, provided
you watch unto prayer, and stir up the gift of God which
is in you. There is one invariable rule which God observes
in all his dealings with the children of men: Unto him
that hath," uses what he hath, shall be given, and he shall
have more abundantly." When we are justified, He gives
us one talent; to those that use this He gives more. When
we are sanctified, He gives, as it were, five talents. And
if you use the whole power which is then given, He will
not only continue that power, but increase it day by day.
Meantime be not ignorant of Satan's devices: He will
assault you on every side: He will cast temptations upon
Thick as autumnal leaves that strew the ground.

But with every temptation there shall be a way to escape;
and you shall be more than conqueror through Him that
loves you. You can do, you can suffer, His whole will.
Go on in His name, and in the power of His might; and
fulfil the joy of
Yours affectionately.

DCCXLI.--To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, June 23, 1774.
IT gives me pleasure to find that you still stand fast in
the liberty wherewith Christ has made you free; and that
in spite of various temptations. And these indeed you are
still to expect; for Satan neither slumbers nor sleeps; and
he will strive to torment, if he cannot destroy. Nay, God
himself, as one observes, "prepareth for thee occasions of
fighting, that thou mayest conquer." So that you are still
called to fight the good fight of faith, and thus to lay hold
on eternal life. One admirable help toward conquering all
is, for believers to keep close together; to walk hand in'
hand, and provoke one another to love and to good works.
And one means of retaining the pure love of God is, the
exhorting others to press earnestly after it. When you
meet on a Sunday morning, I doubt not but this will be the,
chief matter both of your prayers and conversation. You
may then expect to be more and more abundantly ended
with power from on high; witnessing that He is faithful


and just both to forgive us our sins, and also to cleanse us
from all unrighteousness.
I remain
Yours affectionately.

DCCXLII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, July 31, 1774.
IT gives me much pleasure to find that you stand fast
inthe liberty wherewith Christ hath made you free. Trials
you will have; but they will only be means of uniting you
to Him more closely. While your eye is singly fixed on
Him, your whole body will be full of light. You will be
To trace His example,
The world to disdain,
And constantly trample
On pleasure and pain.

While you are doing this, you will not find many doubts
of the way wherein you should go. The unction of the
Holy One will shine in your heart, and shine upon your
path; especially if you frequently consider the "Directions
for preserving Fervency of Spirit," and the "Farther
Thoughts upon Christian Perfection." If you should at any
time be in doubt concerning any point either of doctrine or
practice, use me as a friend; and speak freely to
Yours affectionately.

DCCXLIII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, September 1, 1774.
IT is an admirable Providence which keeps you thus
weak in body, till your soul has received more strength. It
is good that you should feel how very helpless you are, that
you may hang upon Him continually. Are you always
sensible of His presence? In what sense do you pray
.without ceasing ? Can you in everything give thanks ? And
have you a witness in yourself, that all you say and do is
well-pleasing to Him ?
Could you but use constant exercise in the open air, I
think you would need no other medicine. But it is certain,
be your body well or ill, all is best, as long as your soul is
stayed on Him. And why should not this be without any
,intermission, till your spirit returns to God? nay, with a


continual increase? For this is your calling, to sink deeper
and deeper into Him; out of his fulness to receive more and
more, till you know all that love of God that passeth
I hope you do not pass any day without spending some
time in private exercises. What do you read at those
seasons? Do you read, as it were, by cliance; or have you
a method in reading? I want you to make the best use
that is possible of every means of improvement. Now is the
time! Now you have the fervour of youth on your side.
Now animal nature is in its perfection. Now your faculties
are in their vigour. And happy are you, who have been
enabled to begin your race betimes I hope you are just
now minding this one thing; looking unto Jesus, and
pressing on to the mark, to the prize of our high calling O
run, and never tire! So shall your love and zeal always be
a comfort to
Yours affectionately.

DCCXLIV.--To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, November 29, 1774.
IT gives me pleasure to hear that you have recovered
your health. If you find any fresh illness, you should let
me know: We must not neglect the body, although the
main thing is a healthful mind. There are many excellent
things in Madam Guion's Works; and there are many that
are exceedingly dangerous. The more so, because the good
things make way for the mischievous ones. And it is not
easy, unless for those of much experience, to distinguish the
one from the other. Perhaps, therefore, it might be safest
for you chiefly to confine yourself to what we have published.
You will then neither be perplexed with various sentiments,
nor with various language; and you will find enough on
every head of religion, speculative or practical.
I know not whether any method of reading would be
more profitable, than to read a chapter of the Old Testa-
ment, with the Notes, every morning; and every evening
a chapter, or, at least, a section, in the New Testament.
At other times of the day, I advise you to read our Works
regularly from the beginning; marking any tract, or part of
a tract, which you find most useful, that you may make it
matter of meditation. Some of the most useful to believers


are, Mr. Law's tracts, the Lives of Mr. Brainerd, De Renty,
and Thomas Walsh, the tracts translated from the French,
and those upon Christian Perfection.
I am glad you have been with our dear sister C. Converse
as much as you can with those of her spirit: They are
the excellent ones of the earth. You must not give place,
no, not for a day, to inactivity. Nothing is more apt to
grow upon the soul: The less you speak or act forGod, the
less you may. If elder persons do not speak, you are
called, like Elihu, to supply this lack of service. Whether
you are young or old, is not material: Speak, and spare
not! Redeem the time: Be fervent in spirit! Buy up.
every opportunity; and be always a comfort to
Yours affectionately.

DCCXLV.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, January 17, 1775.
I BEG, if you love me, you will send me a minute
account how you are, both in body and mind. Some of the
Mystic writers do not choose to speak plainly; some of
them know not how. But, blessed be God, we do; and we.
know, there is nothing deeper, there is nothing better, in,
heaven or earth, than love! There cannot be, unless there-
were something higher than the God of love So that we-
see distinctly what we have to aim at. We see the prize,
and the way to it Here is the height, here is the depth, of
Christian experience God is love; and he that dwelleth
in love, dwelleth in God, and God in him."
Mr. Fletcher has given us a wonderful view of the different
dispensations which we are under. I believe that difficult
subject was never placed in so clear a light before. It seems
God has raised him up for this very thing,-
To vindicate eternal Providence,
And justify the ways of God to man.
By confining yourself to those who write clearly, your
understanding will be opened and strengthened, far more
than by reading a multiplicity of authors; at the same time
your heart will be enlarged, and, I trust, more and more
united to
Yours affectionately.


DCCXLVI.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, March 23, 1775.
I AM glad you have had an opportunity of spending a
little time at L-, and with Miss B. This, I doubt not,
has been a blessed means of increasing your spiritual
strength. And I trust you will find more and more oppor-
tunity of using whatever strength you have, even at O-.
Wherever the work of God revives, we are more particu-
larly called to work together with him. Now be instant
in season and out of season Redeem the time! Buy up
every opportunity. In the morning sow thy seed, and in
the evening slack not thy hand; and God will give the
In a day or two I expect to embark. Possibly in autumn
-we may meet again; and, in the mean time, I am persuaded
;you will not forget
Yours affectionately.

DCCXLVII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, November 29, 1775.
S" TEMPTATIONS," says one, "and distinct deliverances
from temptations, avail much." I do not doubt but you
:have found it so, with regard to your late trials; although
there are none which it is harder to withstand at your time
,of life. I am glad you were enabled to withstand that
plausible temptation, which few young women have power to
,resist; particularly when you had to encounter the persuasions
,of those you esteemed and loved.
Mr. C., I think, will do some good; and I am persuaded
he will do no hurt. I am glad Mr. T. has given you a little
more employment; and a glorious employment it is I to
be a "fellow.worker with God!" O may you be found
faithful! Be zealous for God! Be diligent! Be patient!
And never forget
Yours affectionately.

DCCXLVIII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, July 15, 1776.
I SUPPOSE you wait for my writing first. Nay, I hope
this is the case ; otherwise, I should be afraid that you were
fallen ill again. How is your health? And how is your


mind? Do you find as near and as constant a communion
with God as ever? Are you always happy? Does no
circumstance inteirupt or deaden your spirit of prayer ? Do
you feel nothing contrary to resignation? Can you say
with your whole heart,-
"Determined all thy will to' obey,
Thy blessings I restore:
Give, Lord, or take thy gifts away,
I praise thee evermore ? "
The word of our Lord to you is, "Feed my lambs."
Methinks I see you giving yourself up, as far as possibly
you can, to that blessed work; carrying the weak, as it were,
in your bosom, and gently leading the rest to the waters of
comfort. Meantime your own soul will enjoy a well of
water, springing up into everlasting life. If you find any
perplexing temptation in your way, you should not scruple
to let me know. Youth is the season for many of the most
dangerous temptations incident to human nature. But
indeed you are preserved from many of these, by your settled
determination to slight all dreams of creature happiness, and
give your heart to Him who alone is worthy. And believe
me to remain
Yours affectionately.

DCCXLIX.-T7o the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, August 12, 1776..
To talk of thinking without ideas," is stark nonsense.
Whatever is presented to your mind is an idea; so that, to
be without ideas, is not to think at all. Seeing, feeling, joy,
grief, pleasure, pain, are ideas. Therefore, to be without
ideas, is to be without either sense or reason. Mr. -
certainly does not understand the word: He mistakes it for
0 desire nothing different in nature from love There is
nothing higher in earth or heaven. Whatever he speaks
of, which seems to be higher, is either natural or preter-
natural enthusiasm. Desire none of those extraordinaries.
Such a desire might be an inlet to a thousand delusions. I
wish your desires may all centre in that,-
I want the witness, Lord,
That all I do is right!
According to thy will and word,
Well pleasing in thy sight I


I ask no higher state,
Indulge me but in this !
And soon, or later, then translate
To my eternal bliss."
You say, Satan had laid a snare for you. What snare
w-as that? I am concerned in, whatever concerns you. 0
continue to remember, in all your prayers,
Yours most affectionately.

DCCL.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, September 20, 1776.
SO.ME time since, you certainly were in danger of
exchanging the plain religion of the Bible, for the refined
one of Mysticism; a danger which few can judge of but
those that feel it. This my brother and I did for several
years. This scheme, especially as Madam Guion has polished
and improved it, gives a delicate satisfaction to whatever of
curiosity and self-esteem lies hid in the heart. It was
particularly liable to make an impression upon you, as it
came recommended by one you had a friendship for, whom
you knew to be upright and sincere, and who had both
sense and a pleasing address. At the same time, that subtle
enemy, "who beguiled Eve by his subtilty," would not
fail to enforce the temptation. The more reason you have
to bless God, that you are delivered out of the snare of the
Ie that followeth me," says our Lord, walketh not in
darkness." Nothing can be more certain. Closely follow
Him, and you will never come into any darkness of soul.
On the contrary, your light shall shine more and more unto
the perfect day. Nothing but sin can bring you into confu-
sion; and this, I trust, God has bruised under your feet.
Surely then you have no need of ever losing the least part
of what God has given you. But you may "stand fast in
glorious liberty" till your spirit returns to God.
I remain
Yours affectionately.

DCCLI.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, June 16, 1777.
I WRITE a few-lines, on condition that you will not
write, if it does you hurt: It certainly will, if you lean upon


your breast, or if you write much at a time. But perhaps
(of which you yourself must be the judge) you might write
am few lines now and then. Do you still find your will
wholly given up ? Have you no choice as to life or death ?
And have you no choice as to the manner of your death?
Are you not afraid of the pain of dissolution? Can you
freely part with all your friends here ?
And to an unknown somewhere wing away ?
Do you never lose your consciousness of the presence of the
Three-One God ? And is your testimony of his.Spirit, that
you are saved from inward sin, never obscured ? Are you
always happy? Do you always enjoy a hope full of immor-
tality? I ask many questions, that you may have an
opportunity of being a, witness for God, whether you live or
die. I think, in life or death, you will not forget
Yours affectionately.

DCCLII.-To the Same.
MfY DEA'R BETSY, August 2, 1777.
IT is with great pleasure I learn, that God has been
pleased to lift you up from the gates of death, and that your
strength is considerably increased, although you are far
from being out of danger. When, and in what manner, was
this change wrought ? Can you impute it to any outward
circumstance ? How did you feel your mind affected, when
you found a return of strength ? Did you rejoice or grieve ?
or calmly desire, "Let the will of the Lord be done?" In
what respects are you better than when I saw you? In
what respects are you the same, or worse? Give me as
particular an account as you can. Do you find your soul as
much alive to God as ever ? Does not the corruptible body
press down the soul? Do you feel faith's abiding impres-
sion, realizing things to come? Do you live in eternity,
and walk in eternity? And do you still (as Mr. De Renty
says) "carry about with you an experimental verity, and a
fulness of the presence of the ever-blessed Trinity ?"
I remain
Yours affectionately.


DCCLIII.-To the Same.
,[Y DEAR BETSY, August 24, 1777.
EVER since I was informed that it has pleased God In
some measure to restore your strength, I have lived in hope
that he will yet be entreated, and will give you back to our
prayers. Do you still find the same consciousness of the
presence of the ever-blessed Trinity? Do you find it day
and night ? In the midst of trials, does it remain the same?
But one would be ready to ask, excepting a weak body,
what trials can you have ?
Secluded from the world, and all its care,
Hast thou to joy or grieve, to hope or fear ?
Unless it be for this,-You long to please all for their good;
but you cannot succeed. You would fain give them satisfac-
tion; but they will not be satisfied. This may be a close
Send as particular an account as you can of the state both
of your body and mind, to
Yours affectionately.

DCCLIV.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, October 6, 1778.
SINCE I saw her, I have had the pleasure of receiving
two letters from ; and I am more and more convinced,
that she has sustained no real loss from her late trials.
Indeed the greatness of them proved the greatness of her
grace; otherwise, she must have utterly fainted. But I am
afraid the poor tenement of clay has received such a shock
as will not easily be repaired. The wonderful behaviour of
Mrs. was more than it was well able to bear. But
the comfort is, He with whom we have to do is the
I doubt whether any embodied spirit can feel such entire
self-abasement as is felt by those spirits that see the face of
our Father which is in heaven. And, undoubtedly, the
nearer they approach the throne, the more abased they
will be.
The plerophory (or full assurance) of faith is such a divine
testimony, that we are reconciled to God, as excludes all
doubt and fear concerning it. This refers only to what


ispresent. The plerophory (or full assurance) of hope is a
divine testimony, that we shall endure to the end; or, more
directly, that we shall enjoy God in glory. This is by no
means essential to, or inseparable from, perfect love. It is
sometimes given to those that are not perfected in love, as
it was to Mr. Grimshaw. And it is not given (at least not
for some time) to many that are perfected in love. I do
not say, you ought to pray for it; but I think you may, only
with absolute resignation. In this, as in all things,
His manner and His time are best.
I rejoice to hear of the continuance of your health. But
you will still need constant exercise; to which should be
added, as often as may be, change of air. That you may
enjoy more and more health, both of soul and body, is the
prayer of
Yours affectionately.

DCCLV.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, February 12, 1779.
THE remark of Luther, "that a revival of religion
seldom continues above thirty years," has been verified many
times in several countries. But it will not always hold.
The: present revival of religion in England has already
continued fifty years. And, blessed be God, it is at least as
likely to continue, as it was twenty or thirty years ago.
Indeed, it is far more likely; as it not only spreads wider,
but sinks deeper, than ever; more and more persons being
able to testify that the blood of Christ cleanses from all sin.
We have therefore reason to hope that this revival of religion
will continue, and continually increase, till the time when all
Israel shall be saved, and the fulness of the Gentiles shall
I have heard that Mr. is in London, but have not
heard where he is, or what he does. As far as I can learn,
he lives in the utmost privacy, and does not preach at all.
He seems to think that his present calling is to be a hermit
in London.
Surely it is your wisdom to stand fast even in the outward
liberty wherewith Christ has made you free. You are now
happily disengaged from caring for the things of this world,
and need only care for the things of the Lord; how you


may be holy in body and spirit, and how you may promote
his kingdom upon earth.
I have abundant proof that Baron Swedenborg's fever,
which he had thirty years before he died, much affected his
understanding. Yet his tract is majestic, though in ruins."
He has strong and beautiful thoughts, and may be read with
profit by a serious and cautious reader.
Some weeks since, I began another Journal, and am
going on with it, when I have any scraps of time: Probably
it will be finished next month. I expect to visit Yorkshire
this spring, when I hope to see you.
I am
Yours affectionately.

DCCLVI.-To the Same.
LoNDON, January 19, 1782.
IT seemed a little strange to me, my dear Betsy, that I
did not hear from you for so long a time. But I imputed
your silence to your bodily weakness, of which several of our
friends sent me word.
From our brethren in various parts of England and
Ireland, I have very pleasing accounts of the uncommon
blessings which many received at the time of renewing their
covenant with God. I am glad to hear that you at Otley
had your share. That point, entire salvation from inbred
sin, can hardly ever be insisted upon, either in preaching or
prayer, without a particular blessing. Honest Isaac Brown
firmly believes this doctrine, that we are to be saved from
all sin in this life. But I wish, when opportunity serves,
you would encourage him, 1. To preach Christian perfection,
constantly, strongly, and explicitly: 2. Explicitly to assert
and prove, that it may be received now: And, 3. (Which
indeed is implied therein,) that it is to be received by simple
In every state of mind, in that of conviction, or justifica-
tion, or sanctification, I believe every person may either go
sensibly backward, or seem to stand still, or go forward. I
incline to think, all the persons you mention were fully
sanctified. But some of them, watching unto prayer, went
on from faith to faith; while the others, being less watchful,
seemed to stand still, but were, indeed, imperceptibly back-


sliding. Wishing you all may increase with all the increase
of God,
Ever yours.

DCCLVII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, BRTSTOL, July 20, 1783.
IT seemed a long time since I heard from you; but I
believe your not writing was owing to your not knowing
how to direct to me while I was abroad. The prayers of
many were productive of many blessings, and in particular
of the amazing friendship and good-will which were shown
us in every place. We always looked upon the Dutch as a
heavy, dull, stoical people. But, truly, most, nay, I may
say, all, with whom we conversed familiarly, were as tender-
hearted and as earnestly affectionate as the Irish themselves.
Two of our sisters, when we left the Hague, came twelve
miles with us on our way; and one of our brethren of
Amsterdam came to take leave of us to Utrecht, above
thirty miles. There are, indeed, many precious souls in
Utrecht full of faith and love, as also at Haerlem, the
Hague, and Amsterdam. And one and all (without any
human teaching) dress as plainly as you do. I believe, if
my life be prolonged, I shall pay them a visit at least every
other year. Had I had a little more time, I would have
visited our brethren in Frieslaud and Westphalia likewise;
for a glorious work of God is lately broken out in both these
Miss L- is an Israelite indeed: She is a pattern to all
that are round about her. One would scarcely have expected
to see the daughter of the head Burgomaster dressed on a
Sunday in a plain linen gown. She appears to have but one
desire,-that Christ may reign alone in her heart.
I do not remember any storm which travelled so far as
that on the 10th. It has been in almost all parts of
England, but especially at Witney, near Oxford. The next
night they had a far greater, which seemed to cover the
whole town for fourhours, with almost one uninterrupted
blaze; and it has made such an impression on high and low,
rich and poor, as had not been known in the memory of
I expect a good deal of difficulty at this Conference, and


shall stand in need of the prayers of you and your friends.
Peace be with all your spirits !
I am
Yours most affectionately.

DCCLVIII.-To the Same.
I WAS a little surprised at a letter from sister D-, in
which she seems to approve of all that Mrs. C. has done;
and speaks as if it were just and right, and done in obedi-
ence to the order of Providence! I could not help saying,
"There is but one advice which I can give her upon the
present occasion : Remember from whence thou art fallen;.
Repent, and do thy first works.'"
Some years ago, I committed a little company of lovely
children to the care of one of our sisters at Haverford. I
was concerned yesterday to find she was weary of well-
doing, and had totally given up her charge. I hope, my
dear Betsy, this will never be your case You will never
leave off your labour of love; though you should not always
(not immediately, at least) see the fruit of your labours.
You may not immediately see Mrs. H- so established in
grace as you desire and hope. But, in this, as well as many
other instances, :ii dde time "you shall reap, if you faint:
I have been often musing upon this,-why the generality
of Christians, even those that really- are such, are less.
zealous and less active for God when they are middle-aged,
than they were when they were young. May we not draw
an answer to this question from that declaration of our
Lord, (no less than eight times repeated by the Evan-
gelists,) "To him that hath," uses what he hath, "'shall be
given; but from him that hath not, shall be taken away
that he hath ? A measure of zeal and activity is given to
every one, when he finds peace with God. If he earnestly
and diligently uses this talent, it will surely be increased.
But if he ceases (yea, or intermits) to do good, he insensibly
loses both the will and the power. So there is no possible
way to retain those talents, but to use them to the uttermost.
Let this never be the case of my dear friend Never abate:
anything of your diligence in doing good. Sometimes,


indeed, the feeble body sinks under you; but when you do
all you can, you do enough.
Remember, in all your prayers,
Yours most affectionately.

DCCLIX.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, DUBLIN, June 26, 1785.
OUR Lord has indeed poured out abundance of bless-
ings, almost in every part of this kingdom. I have now
gone through every province, and visited all the chief
societies, and I have found far the greater part of them
increasing both in number and strength. Many are convinced
of sin; many justified; and not a few perfected in love.
One means of which is, that several of our young Preachers,
of whom we made, little account, appear to be (contrary to
all expectation) men full of faith, and of the Holy Ghost;
and they are pushing out, to the right hand and the left;
and wherever they go, God prospers their labour. I know
not whether Thomas Walsh will not revive in two, if not
three, of them.
Many years ago I was saying, "I cannot imagine how
Mr. Whitefield can keep his soul alive, as he is not now
going through honour and dishonour, evil report and good
report; having nothing but honour and good report attend-
ing him wherever he goes." It is now my own case: I am
just in the condition now that he was then in. I am
become, I know not how, an honourable man. The scandal
of the cross is ceased; and all the kingdom, rich and poor,
Papists and Protestants, behave with courtesy, nay, and
seeming good-will! It seems as if I had well-nigh finished
my course, and our Lord was giving me an honourable
My dear B., have you not something to do in Dublin?
If so, the sooner you visit our friends, the better. Peace be
with your spirit!
Adieu I
DCCLX.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BETSY, LONDON, February 24, 1786.
IT is doubtless the will of the Lord we should be
guided by our reason, so far as it can go. But in many
cases it gives us very little light, and in others none at all.


In all cases it cannot guide us right, but in subordination
to the unction of the Holy One. So that in all our ways we
are to acknowledge Him, and He will direct our paths.
I do not remember to have heard or read anything like
my own experience. Almost ever since I can remember, I
have been led in a peculiar way. I go on in an even line,
being very little raised at one time, or depressed at another.
Count Zinzendorf observes, there are three different ways
wherein it pleases God to lead his people. Some are guided
almost in every instance by apposite texts of Scripture.
Others see a clear and plain reason for everything they are
to do. And yet others are led not so much by Scripture or
reason, as by particular impressions. I am very rarely led
by impressions, but generally by reason and by Scripture.
I see abundantly more than I feel. I want to feel more
love and zeal for God.
My very dear friend, adieu!

DCCLXI.--To Mr. Robert Marsden, at Mr. Frith's, Grocer,
in Sheffield.
BRISTOL, August 31, 1756.
A CARELESS reader of the Address may possibly think,
I make it necessary for a Minister to have much learning ;
and thence imagine I act inconsistently; seeing many of
our Preachers have no learning at all. But the answer is
easy. First, I do not make any learning necessary even for
a Minister (the Minister of a parish, who, as such, under-
takes single to guide and feed, to instruct and govern, that
whole flock) but the knowledge of the Scriptures: Although
many branches of learning are highly expedient for him.
Secondly, These Preachers are not Ministers: None of them
undertakes single the care of a whole flock ; but ten, twenty,
or thirty, one following and helping another, and all under
the direction of my brother and me, undertake jointly what
(as I judge) no man in England is equal to alone.
Fight your way through all. God is on your side. Ana
what then can man do to you? Make known all your wants
to Him, and you shall have the petitions you ask of Him.
I am
Your affectionate brother.


DCCLXII.-To Mr. C. Glascott, Jesus College, Oxon.
IT is an unspeakable blessing, that God has given you
to taste of the powers of the world to come. And He is
willing to give always what He gives once. You need lose
nothing of what you have received. Rather expect to receive
more every moment; grace upon grace. And be not content
till you are a Christian altogether, till your soul is all love,
"till you can rejoice evermore, and pray without ceasing,
and in everything give thanks."
If you are not already, it may be of use to. you to be
acquainted with Mr. Crosse, of Edmund-hall. He has a
sound judgment, and an excellent temper; and you have
need of every help, that you may not lose what God hath
wrought, but may have a full reward. A little tract wrote
by Bishop Bull, entitled, "A Companion for Candidates
for holy Orders," was of much use to me. In order to be
well acquainted with the doctrines of Christianity, you need
but one book, (besides the Bible,)-Bishop Pearson on the
Creed. This I advise you to read and master throughly : It
is a library in one volume. But above all be much in prayer,
and God will withhold no manner of thing that is good.
I am
Your affectionate servant

DCCLXIII.-To Mr. (afterwards Dr.) John Whitehead.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, August 15, 1767.
As you desired it, you may labour in Lancashire for the
ensuing year.
I have considered what you say, concerning the usefulness.
of being present at the general Conference. And I think
we may steer a middle course. I will only require a select
number to be present. But I will permit any other Travel-
ling Preacher who desires it, to be present with them.
O let us be all alive to God, and all athirst for his whole
image I
I am
Your affectionate brother.


DCCLXIV.-To Miss C-- Armagh.
CLANMAIN, June 8, 1773.
Do not think it strange, my dear Miss C-, that I
write to you: The regard I have for you constrains me. It
is possible, I may see you no more: I am not young, and
you are not healthy; nay, and the ten thousand gates of
death stand continually open to every child of man. Will
you take it ill then, that I tell you freely, you have been
much upon my mind? Ever since I saw you first, I felt
an earnest desire, that you should be wise and happy; that
you should make the best of a few uncertain days, and
improve the time which flees away as a shadow, and knows
not to return. Believe me, my dear maid, what are called
pleasures and diversions can give you no solid happiness.
They are poor, empty, insignificant trifles: And you was
made for better things. You are not only to consider
yourself as having an agreeable person: You are an immor-
tal spirit. You was made a little lower than the angels,
that you may live with them for ever. You are come forth
from God, and are returning to God, as fast as a few
fleeting years can carry you. But I am in pain for you:
I am concerned lest you should forget this, like other pretty,
giddy, unthinking creatures. What if it should be said
of you,-
"At dawn poor Stella danced and sung;
The gazing youth around her bow'd:
At night her passing-bell was rung;
I saw, and kiss'd her in her shroud "
O make haste. Be a Christian, a real Bible Christian now !
You may say, "Nay, I am a Christian already." I fear
not. (See how freely I speak.) A Christian is not afraid
to die. Are not you? Do you desire to depart, and to be
with Christ? A Christian is happy in God. Are you?
Can you say,-
"I nothing need, beneath, above,
Happy, happy, in thy love ? "
A Christian (though perhaps he never heard the name of
a Methodist) has power over all sin. Have you? If not,
it is certain you may; for God is no respecter of persons.
Whatsoever he has given to any other, He is willing to give
to you also. 0 let your heart cry to HRim, "What I know


not teach thou me. Let me not die before I long to die!
Give me the wisdom that sitteth by thy throne, and reject
me not from among thy children To His care I tenderly
commit you; and am,
My dear Miss C- ,
Yours affectionately.
If you love me, hear Mr. Saunderson preach.

DCCLXV.-To Mrs. Knapp, Worcester.
I ALWAYS loved you since I knew you; but lately more
than ever, because I believe you are more devoted to God,
and more athirst for his whole image. I have been seriously
considering your case, and I will tell you my thoughts freely.
Your body frequently presses down your spirit, by reason of
your nervous disorder. What then can be done, in order to.
lessen at least, if not to remove it? Perhaps it may be-
entirely removed, if you can take advice. And I think you.
can by God's assistance. I advise you, 1. Sleep early.
Never sit up later than ten o'clock, for any business what-
ever; no, not for reading or prayer. Do not offer murder
for sacrifice. 2. Rise early: Never lie more than seven
hours; unless when you lie-in. .3., Beware of Satan trans-
formed into an angel of light: He can hurt you no other
way; as your heart is upright toward God, and you desire to
please Him in all things. 4. Take advice, as far as you
possibly can, of brother Knapp. Two are better than one.
He loves you tenderly, and God will often give him light for
you I
I wish you to be always full of faith and love, and a pattern
to all that are round about you.
I am, my dear sister,
Your affectionate brother.

DCCLXVI.-To the Rev. Freeborn Garrettson, of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, in America.
DR. COKE gives some account of you in his Journal; so
that, although I have not seen you, I am not a stranger to


your character. By all means send me, when you have an
opportunity, a more particular account of your experience and
travels. It is noway improbable that God may find out a
way for you to visit England; and it may be the means of
your receiving more strength,. as well as more light. It is
a very desirable, thing that the children of God should com-
municate their experience to each other; and it is- generally
most profitable when they can do it face to face. Till
Providence opens a way for you to see Europe, do all you
can for a good Master in America.
I am glad brother Cromwell and you have undertaken that
"labour of love" of visiting Nova-Scotia; and doubt not but
you act in full concert with the little handful who were
almost alone till you came. It will be the wisest way to make
all those who desire to join together, thoroughly acquainted
with the whole Methodist plan and to accustom them, from
the very beginning, to the accurate observance of all our
rules. Let none of them rest in being half-Christians.
I'hatever they do,'let them do it with their might; and it
will be well, as soon as any of them find peace with God, to
exhort them to "go onto perfection." The more explicitly
and strongly you press all believers to aspire after full sancti-
fication, as attainable now by simple faith, the more the whole
work of God will prosper.
I do not expect any great matter's from the Bishop. I
doubt his eye is not single; and if it be not, he will do little
good to you, or any one else. It may be a comfort to you
that you have no need of him. You want nothing which he
can give.
It is a noble proposal of brother Marchington; but I doubt
it will not take place. You do not know the state of the
English M]ethlioists: They do not roll in money, like many
of the American Methodists. It is with the utmost difficulty
that we can raise five or six hundred pounds a year to supply
our Contringent expenses; so that it is entirely impracticable
to raise five hundred pounds among them to build houses in
America. It is true, they might do much;, but it is a sad
observation, they that .have most money have usually least
grace. .
The peace of God be with all your spirits!
S I.am
Your affectionatefriend and brother.


DCCLXVII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, September 30, 1786.
I TRUST before this comes to hand you and Dr. Coke will
have met, and refreshed each other's bowels in the Lord. I
can. exceedingly ill spare him from England, as I have no
Clergyman capable of supplying his lack of service; but I
was convinced he was more wanted in America than in
Europe. For it is impossible but offences will come; and
"of yourselves will men arise speaking perverse things," and
striving to draw away disciples after them." It is a wonder-
ful. blessing, they are restrained so long, till the poor people
are a little grounded in the faith.. You have need to watch
over them with your might. Let those that have set their
hands to the plough continually "pray to the Lord of the
harvest, that he would send forth more labourers into his
It is far better to send your Journals as they are, than not
to send them at all. I am afraid it is too late in the season
to send books this year; but I hope Dr. Coke has brought
some with him to serve you:for the present. I was far off
from London when he set sail. Most of those, in England
who have riches love money, even the Methodists; at least
those who are called so. The poor are the Christians. I am
quite out of conceit with almost all those who have this world's
goods. Let us take care'to lay up our treasure in' heaven.
Peace be with your spirit!
SYour affectionate friend and brother.

DCCLXVIII.-To the Same.
.MY DEAR ;BROTHER; November 30, 1786.
YoU have great reason to be thankful to God, that -he
lets you see the fruit of your labours. Whenever -any are
awakened, you do well to join them together immediately.
But I do not advise you to go on too fast. It is not expedient
to break up more ground than you can keep; to preach at
any more places than you or your: brethren can constantly
attend. To preach once ina place, and no more, very seldom
does any good; it only alarms the devil and his children, and
makes them more upon their guard,against a first assault.
Wherever .there is any,Church service, I do not:approve


of any appointment the same hour; because I love the Church
of England, and would assist, not oppose, it all I can. How
do the inhabitants of Shelburn, Halifax, and other parts of
the province, go' on as to temporal things? Have they trade?
Have they sufficiency of food, and the other necessaries of
life? And do they increase or decrease in numbers? It
seems there is a scarcity of some things,-of good ink, for
yours is so pale that many of your words are not legible.
As I take it for granted that you have had several conversa-
tions with Dr. Coke, I doubt not you proposed all your
difficulties to him, and received full satisfaction concerning
them. Commending you to Him who is able to guide and
strengthen you in all things,
I am
Your affectionate friend and brother.
P.S. Probably we shall send a little help for your building,
if we live till Conference. Observe the rules for building laid
down in the Minutes.
I see nothing of your Journal yet. I am afraid of another
American Revolution. I do not know how to get the enclosed
safe to Dr. Coke: Probably you know. On second thoughts,
I think it best not to write to him at present.

DCCLXIX.-To the Same.
I HAVE your letter of March 15, and that of May 20.
In the former you give me a pleasing account of the work
of God in Halifax and other towns in Nova-Scotia; and
indeed everywhere except poor Shelburn, from which I had
an excellent account, afew years ago. Shall the first be
last? What could have occasioned the decrease of the work
there? St. Paul's advice is certainly good for all Methodist
Preachers,-that "it is good for a man not to touch a
woman;" and, "if thou mayest be free, use it rather:" And
yet I dare not exclude those who marry out of our Connexion,
or forbid to marry; but happy are those who, having no
necessity laid upon them, stand fast in the glorious liberty.
I commend you for laying as little burden upon the poor
people as possible.
Before I had printing presses of my own, I used to pay
two-and-thirty shillings for printing two-and-twenty pages


duodecimo. The paper was from twelve to sixteen shillings
a ream. I do not blame you for printing those tracts.
But you do not send me your Journal yet. Surely you
had time enough to write it over. Dr. Coke seems to think
you are irresolute, yet not willing to take advice. I hope
better things of you; and your heart says to God and man,
"What I know not, teach thou me."
I am
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCCLXX.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, January' 24, 1789.
IT signifies but little where we are, so we are but fully
employed for our good Master. Whether you went, there-
fore, to the east, it is all one, so you were labouring to
promote His work. You are following the order of His
providence wherever it appeared, as a holy man strongly
expressed it, in a kind of holy disordered order. But there
is one expression that occurs twice or thrice in yours, which
gives me some concern: You speak of finding "freedom" to
do this or that. This is a word much liable to be abused.
If I have plain Scripture, or plain reason, for doing a thing,
well. These are my rules, and my only rules. I regard not
whether I had freedom or no. This is an unscriptural
expression, ahd a very fallacious rule. I wish to be, in every
point, great and small, a scriptural, rational Christian.
In one instance, formerly, you promised to send me your
Journal. Will you break your word, because you do not
find freedom to keep it? Is not this enthusiasm? O be
not of this way of thinking You know not whither it may
lead you. You are called to
Square your useful life below
By reason and by grace.
But whatever you do with regard to me you must do quickly,
or you will no more in this world.
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCCLXXI.-To the Same.
You are entirely in the right. There can be no manner
of doubt, that it was the enemy of souls that hindered your


sending me your experience. Many parts both of your
inward and outward experience ought by no means to be
suppressed. But if you are minded to send anything to me,
.you have no time to lose. Whatever you do for me you
must do quickly; lest death have quicker wings than love.
A great man: observes that there is a three-fold leading of
the Spirit. Some He leads by giving them, on every
occasion, apposite texts of Scripture; some by suggesting
reasons for every step they take,-the way by which He
chiefly leads me; and some by impressions : But he judges
the last to be the least desirable way; as it is often impos-
sible to distinguish dark impressions from divine, or even
I hope you will not long delay to write more particularly to
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCCLXXII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR BROTHER, LONDON, February 3, 1796
Two or three days ago, I had the pleasure of a letter
from you, dated August 23d, 1789, giving me a comfortable
account of the swift and extensive progress of the, work
of God in America.' You likewise informed me that yvouhad
written an account of your life, and directed it should be
sent to me; and I have been expecting it from day to day
ever since, but have now almost given up my expectation;
for, unless it comes soon, it will hardly overtake me in the
present world. You see time has shaken me by the hand,
'and death is not far behind. While we live, let us work our
Lord's work betimes; and in His time he will give us our
full reward.
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCCLXXIII.-To the Rev. Francis.Asbury.
LONDON, September 20, 1788.
THERE is indeed a wide difference between the relation
wherein you stand, to the Americans, and the relation
wherein I stand to all the Methodists. You are the elder
.brother of the American Methodists;- I am, under God, the
,father of the whole, family. Therefore, I naturally care for


you all in a manner no other person can do. Therefore, I,
in a measure, provide for you all; for the supplies which Dr.
Coke provides for you, he could not provide, were it not for
me,-were it not that I not only permit him to collect, but
also support him in so doing.
But in one point, my dear brother, I am a little afraid,
both the Doctor and you differ from me. I study to be
little; you study to be great. I creep; you strut along. I
found a school; you a college! nay, and call it after your
own names !* 0, beware, do not seek to be something
Let me be nothing, and Christ be all in all! "
SOne instance of this, of your greatness, has given me
great concern. How can you, how date you, suffer yourself
to be called Bishop? I shudder, I start at the very
thought! Men may call me a knave or a fool, a rascal, a
scoundrel, and I am content: But they shall never, by my
consent, call me Bishop! For my sake, for God's sake, for
Christ's sake, put a full end to this! Let the Presbyterians
do what they please, but 'let the Methodists know their
calling better.
Thus, my dear Franky, I have told you all that is in my
heart. And let this, 'hen'I am no more seen, bear witness
how sincerely
*i : 'Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCCLXXIV.- To Miss Hester Ann Roe, afterwards
Mrs. Rogers.
: WHITEHAVEN, May 3, 1776.
: WITH pleasure ,I sit down to, write to my.dear Miss
Roe, who has been much upon my mind since I left Maccles-
field. Once I saw my dear friend,.Miss Beresford: When I
came again, she was in Abraham's bosom. Once I have seen
her living picture, drawn by the same hand, and breathing
the same spirit; and I am afraid I shall hardly see you
again, till. we meet in the garden of God, But if you should
gradually decay, if you be sensible of the hour approaching
when your spirit is to return to God; I should be glad to
S,* Cokesbury College, twice buired down. The nnie was formed 'from the
nanisa of ii foundcrs,-CiC e and .AAL'r).-EDT;. ", :


have notice of it, wherever I am, that if possible I might see
you once more before you
Clap your glad wing, and soar away,
And mingle with the blaze of day.
Perhaps in such a circumstance, I might be of some little
comfort to your dear mamma, who would stand in much
need of comfort; and, it may be, our blessed Master would
enable me to teach you at once, and learn of you, to die!
In the mean time, see that you neglect no probable means
of restoring your health; and send me, from time to time, a
particular account of the state wherein you are. Do you
feel your own will quite given up to God, so that you have
no repugnance to His will in anything? Do you find no
strivings of pride? no remains of vanity? no desire of praise,
or fear of dispraise? Do you enjoy an uninterrupted sense
of the loving presence of God? How far does the corrupt-
ible and decaying body press down the soul ? Your disorder
naturally sinks the spirits, and occasions heaviness and
dejection. Can you, notwithstanding this, "rejoice ever-
more, and in everything give thanks?" Certainly before
the root of sin is taken away, believers may live above the
power of it. Yet what a difference between the first love,
and the pure love! You can explain this to Mr. Roe by
your own experience. Let him follow on, and how soon may
he attain it I
I am glad you wrote to Miss Yates, and hope you will
write to Miss -. As to health, they are both nearly as
you are; only Miss is a little strengthened by a late
journey. I never conversed with her so much before. I
can give you her character in one line. She Is "all praise,
all meekness, and all love." If it will not hurt you, I desire
you will write often to,
My dear Hetty,
Yours affectionately.

DCCLXXV.-To the Same.
IT is not uncommon for a person to be thoroughly con-
vinced of his duty to call sinners to repentance, several years
before he has an opportunity of doing it. This has been the


case with several of our Preachers. Probably it may be the
case with Mr. Roe: God may show him now what he is to
do hereafter. It seems, his present duty is to wait the
openings of divine Providence.
If I durst, I should earnestly desire that you might con-
tinue with us a little longer. I could almost say, it is hard
that I should just see you once and no more. But it is a
comfort, that to die is not to be lost. Our union will be
more full and perfect hereafter.
Surely our disembodied souls shall join,
Surely my friendly shade shall mix with thine:
To earth-born pain superior, light shall rise
Through the wide waves of unopposing skies;
Together swift ascend heaven's high abode,
Converse with angels, and rejoice with God.
Tell me, my dear Hetty, do you experience something similar
to what Mr. De Renty expresses in those strong words: "I
bear about with me an experimental verity, and a plenitude
of the presence of the ever-blessed Trinity?" Do you com-
mune with God in the night season? Does Hie bid you even
in sleep, Go on? And does He "make your very dreams
That He may fill you with all his fulness, is the constant
wish of.
My dear Hetty,
Yours affectionately.

DCCLXXVI.-To the Same.
MY DEAR HETTY, BRISTOL, September 16, 1776.
As I did not receive yours, of August 28, before my
return from Cornwall, I was beginning to grow a little
apprehensive lest your love was declining: But you have
sweetly dispelled all my apprehensions of that sort, and I
take knowledge that you are still the same. The happy
change wrought in Miss P. R. and Miss B. may encourage
you to snatch every opportunity of speaking a word for a
good Master. Sometimes you see present fruit; but if not,
your labour is not lost, the seed may spring up after many
days. I hope, though your cousins are tried, they will not
be discouraged; then all these things will "work together
for good." Probably, if they stand firm, religion will, in a


while, leaven the whole family. But they will have need
of much patience, as well as much resolution. I am not
sorry that you have met with a little blame in the affair, and
I hope it was not undeserved. Happy are they that suffer
for well-doing I I was almost afraid that tall men would
speak well of you. Do you feel no intermission of your
happiness in God ? Do you never find any lowness of spirits ?
Does time never hang heavy upon your hands ? How is your
health? You see how inquisitive I am, because everything
relating to you nearly concerns me. I once thought I could
not be well acquainted with any one till many years had
elapsed; and yet I am as well acquainted with you as if I
had known you from your infancy. You now are my comfort
and joy! And I hope to be far longer than this little span
of life,
My dear Hetty,
Yours in tender affection.

DCCLXXVII.--To the Same.
MY DEAR. HETTY, BRISTOL, October 6, 1776.
To-MORROW I set out for London, in and near which,
if it please God to continue my life, I shall remain till spring.
The trials.which a gracious Providence sends, may be precious
means of growing in grace, and particularly of increasing in
faiith, patience, and resignation; and are they not all chosen
for us by infinite Wisdom and Goodness? So that we may
well subscribe to those beautiful lines,-
"With patient mind thy course of duty run;
God nothing docs, or suffers to be done,
But thou wouldst do thyself, if thou couldst see
The end of all events as well as He."
Everything that we can do for a parent, we ought to du,
that is, everything we can do without killing ourselves. But
this we have no right to do. Our lives are not at our own
disposal. Remember that, my dear Hetty, and do not carry
a good principle too far. Do you still find,
Labour is rest, and pain is sweet,
When thou, my God, art here ?
I know pain or grief does not interrupt your happiness: But
does it not lessen it ? You often feel sorrow for your friends:
Does that sorrow rather quicken than depress your soul?


Does it sink you deeper into God? I cannot express the
satisfaction which I receive from your open and artless
manner of writing; especially when you speak of the union
of spirit which you feel with,
My dear Hetty,
Your ever affectionate.

DCCLXXVIII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR HETTY, LONDON, February 11, 1777.
THE papers of one who lately went to God are fallen
into my hands. I will transcribe a few particulars. His
experience is uncommon: And you may simply tell me how
far your experience does or does not agree with it. But
beware of hurting yourself upon the occasion; beware of
unprofitable reasoning. God may have wrought the same
work in you, though not in the same manner. "Just after
my uniting with the Methodists, the Father was revealed to
me the first time; soon after, the whole Trinity. I beheld
the distinct Persons of the Godhead, and worshipped one
undivided Jehovah, and each Person separately. After this
I had equal intercourse with the Son, and afterwards with
the Spirit, the same as with the Father and the Son. After
some years, my communion was with the Son only, though
at times with the Father, and not wholly without the Spirit.
Of late I have found the same access to the Triune God.
When I approach Jesus, the Father and the Spirit commune
with me.
Whatever I receive now, centres in taking leave of earth,
and hasting to another place. I am as one that is no more.
I stand and look on what God has done; his calls, helps,
mercies, forbearance, deliverances from sorrows, rescues out
of evils; and I adore and devote myself to Him with new
ardour. If it be asked how, or in what manner, I beheld the
Triune God, it is above all description. He that has seen
this light of God, can no more describe it than he that has
not. In two of those divine interviews, the Father spoke,
while I was in an agony of prayer for perfect conformity to
Himself; twice more when I was in the depth of sorrow; and
each time in Scripture words. It may be asked, 'Was the
appearance glorious?' It was all divine, it was glory. I had
no conception of it. It was God. The first time, the glory
of Him I saw reached even to me. I was overwhelmed with


it; body and soul were penetrated through with the rays
of Deity."
Tell me, my dear maid, if you have ever experienced any-
thing like these things: But do not puzzle yourself about
them; only speak in simplicity. You cannot speak of these
things to many; but you may say anything without reserve to,
My dear Hetty,
Yours in tender affection.

DCCLXXIX.-To the Same.
MY DEAR HETTY, 1OND0ON, February 11, 1779.
IT is a great mercy that, on the one hand, you have
previous warning of the trials that are at hand; and, on the
other, are not careful about them, but only prepared to
encounter them. We know indeed that these, as well as all
things, are ordered by unerring wisdom; and are given us
exactly at.the right time, and in due number, weight, and
measure. And they continue no longer than is best; for
chance has no share in the government of the world. The
Lord reigns, and disposes all things, strongly and sweetly,
for the good of them that love Him. I rejoice to hear that
you have now less hinderance in the way, andcan oftener
converse with his people. Be sure to improve every one of
those precious opportunities of doing and receiving good.
I am often grieved to observe that, although on His part
"the gifts and callings of God are without repentance;"
although He never repents of anything He has given us, but
is willing to give it always; yet so very few retain the same
ardour of affection which they received either when they
were justified, or when they were (more fully) sanctified.
Certainly none need to lose any part of their light or their
love. It may increase more and more. Of this you are a
witness for God; and so is our dear Miss You have
not lost anything of what you have received; your love has
never grown cold since the moment God visited you with his
great salvation. And I hope also you will ever retain the
same affection for
Yours most tenderly.


DCCLXXX.-To the Same.
MANY of our brethren and sisters in London, during
that great outpouring of the Spirit, spoke of several new
blessings which they had attained. But after all, they could
find nothing higher than pure love; on which the full assurance
of hope generally attends. This the inspired writings always
represent as the highest point; only there are innumerable
degrees of it. The plerophory or full assurance of faith is
such a clear conviction of being now in the favour of God as
excludes all doubt and fear concerning it. The full assurance
of hope is such a clear confidence in the person who possesses
it, that he shall enjoy the glory of God, as excludes all doubt
and fear concerning this. And this confidence is totally
different from an opinion that no saint shall fall from grace."
It has, indeed, no relation to it. Bold, presumptuous men
often substitute this base counterfeit in the room of that
precious confidence. But it is observable, the opinion remains
just as strong while men are sinning and serving the devil, as
while they are serving God. Holiness or unholiness does not
affect it in the least degree. Whereas, the giving way to
anything unholy, either in heart or life, immediately clouds
the full assurance of hope; which cannot subsist any longer
than the heart cleaves steadfastly to God.
I am persuaded the storm which met us in the teeth, and
drove us back to England, was not a casual, but a provi-
dential, thing: Therefore I lay aside the thought of seeing
Ireland at present.
I am, my dear Hetty,
Always yours in tender affection.

DCCLXXXI.-To the Same.
MY DEAR HETTY, LONDON, December 9, 1781.
WE may easily account for those notices which we
frequently receive, either sleeping or waking, upon the
scriptural supposition that "He giveth his angels charge
over us, to keep us in all our ways." How easy is it for
them, who have at all times so ready an access to our souls,
to impart to us whatever may be a means of increasing our
holiness or our happiness So that we may well say, with
Bishop Ken,-


"0 may thy angels, while we sleep,
SAround our beds their vigils keep,
Their love angelical instil,
Stop every avenue of ill "

Without needing to use any other arguments, you have a
clear proof in your own experience, that our blessed Lord is
both able and willing to give us always what he gives once;
that there is no necessity of ever losing what we receive in
the moment of justification or sanctification. But it is His
will that all the light and love which we then receive, should
increase more and more unto the perfect day.
If you are employed to assist children that are brought to
the birth, that groan either for the first or the pure love,
happy are you! But this is not all your work. No, my
Hetty, you-are likewise to watch over the new-born babes.
Although they have love, they have not yet either much
light or much strength, so that they never had more need
of your assistance, that they may neither be turned out of
the way, nor hindered in running the race that is set before
I should not have been willing that Miss Bosanquet should
have been joined to any other person than Mr. Fletcher;
but I trust she may be as useful with him as she was before.
I fear our dear will not stay long with us. I have
no answer to my last letter, and Mrs. Dowries writes that
she is far from well. Yet God is able to raise her up. As
to Peggy Roe, I have little hope of her life: But she seemed,
when I saw her, to be quite simple of heart, desiring nothing
more but God. My dear Hetty, adieu Remember in all
your prayers
Yours most affectionately.

DCCLXXXII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR HETTY, LONDON, January 7, 1782.
IN the success of Mr. Leech's preaching, we have one
proof of a thousand, that the blessing of God always attends
the publishing of full salvation as attainable now, by simple
faith. You should always have in readiness that little tract,
"The Plain Account of Christian Perfection." There is
nothing that would so effectually stop the mouths of those
who call this "a new doctrine." All who thus object are
really (though they suspect nothing less) seeking sanctifica-


tion by works. If it be by works, then certainly these will
need time, in order to the doing of these works. But if it is
by faith, it is plain, a moment is as a thousand years. Then
God says, (in the spiritual, as in the outward world,) Let
there be light, and there is light.
I am in great hopes, as J. S. got his own soul much quick-
ened in Macclesfield, he will now be a blessing to many at
Chester. A few witnesses of pure love remain there still;
but several are gone to Abraham's bosom. Encourage those
in M. who enjoy it, to speak explicitly what they do experi-
ence; and to go on, till they know all that "love of God
that passeth knowledge."
Give all the help you can, my dear Hetty, to them, and to
Yours most affectionately.

DCCLXXXIII.--To the Same.
IT is certain there has been, for these forty years, such
an outpouring of the Spirit, and such an increase of vital
religion, as has not been in England for many centuries;
and it does not appear that the work of God at all decays.
In many places there is a considerable increase of it; so that
we have reason to hope, that the time is at hand, when the
kingdom of God shall come with power, and all the people
of this poor heathen land shall know Him, from the least to
the greatest.
I am glad you had so good an opportunity of talking with
Mr. S- Surely, if prayer was made for him, so useful
an instrument as he was would not be suffered to lose all his
usefulness. I wish you could make such little excursions
oftener, as you always find your labour is not in vain.
This afternoon, I was agreeably surprised by a letter from
our dear Miss It seems as if God, in answer to many
prayers, has lent her to us yet a little longer. He bringeth
down to the grave, and bringeth up again. Wise are all his
Take particular care, my dear Hetty, of the children:
They are glorious monuments of divine grace; and I think
you have a particular affection for them, and a gift to profit
I always am, my dear friend,
Yours most affectionately.


DCCLXXXIV.-To the Same.
MY DEAR HETTY, BRISTOL, October 1, 1782.
I RECEIVED yours two days after date, and read it yes-
terday to Miss Stockdale and poor Peggy Roe, who is still
strangely detained in life. But she is permitted to stay in
the body a little longer, that she may be more ready for the
You did exceedingly well to send me so circumstantial an
account of Robert Roe's last illness and happy death. It
may incite many to run the race that is set before them with
more courage and patience.
The removal of so useful an instrument as your late
cousin, in the midst, or rather in the dawn, of his usefulness,
(especially while the harvest is so great, and the faithful
labourers so few,) is an instance of the divine economy which
leaves our reason behind: Our little narrow minds cannot
comprehend it. We can only wonder and adore. How is
your health ? I sometimes fear, lest you also (as those I
tenderly love generally have been) should be snatched away.
But let us live to-day.
I always am
Affectionately yours.

DCCLXXXV.-To the Same.
MY DEAR HETTY, BRISTOL, March 15, 1783.
I SHALL not be able to visit Macclesfield quite so soon
as usual this year; for the preaching-houses at Hinckley and
Nottingham are to be opened, which I take in my way. I
expect to be at Nottingham on the 1st of April; but how
long I shall stay there, I cannot yet determine. Thence I
shall probably come, by Derby, to Macclesfield.
I intended to have written a good deal more, but I am
hardly able. For a few days, I have had just such a fever as
I had a few years ago in Ireland. But all is well. I am in
no-pain, but the wheel of life seems scarcely able to move;
yet I made shift to preach this morning to a crowded audi-
.ence, and hope to say something to them this afternoon. 1
love that word, "And Ishmael died in the presence of all his
brethren." Still pray for,
My dear Hetty,
Yours most affectionately.


DCCLXXXVI.-To the Same.
MY DEAR HETTY, LONDON, October 12, 1787.
I DO not doubt but your calling at Dublin would be in
an acceptable time, especially as R. H. was there.
After we left you at Manchester, we pushed on, and, in
all haste, set out for the Isle of Jersey. But a storm drove
us into Yarmouth, in the Isle of Wight. There Dr. Coke
and I preached in the market-place by turns, two evenings
and two mornings. A second storm drove us to the Isle
of Purbeck, just where the Indiaman was lost. There I had
an opportunity of preaching to a little society, which I had
not seen for thirteen years. We hoped to reach Guernsey
the next evening, but could get no farther than the Isle
of Alderney. I preached on the beach in the morning, and
the next afternoon came safe to Guernsey. Here is an open
door: High and low, rich and poor, receive the word gladly;
so that I could not regret being detained by contrary winds
several days longer than we intended. The same thing
befell us in the Isle of Jersey, where also there was an open
door; even the Governor, and the chief of the people, being
quite civil and friendly.
Jane Bisson I saw every day. She is nineteen years old,
about the size of Miss and has a peculiar mixture
of seriousness, sprightliness, and sweetness, both in her
looks and behaviour. Wherever we were, she was the
servant of all. I think she exceeds Madam Guion in deep
communion with God.
I hope you will see a revival in Cork also. See that you
take particular care of the tender lambs, not forgetting poor
P. L. Peace be with all your spirits!
I am, with kind love to James Rogers,
My dear Hetty,
Yours most affectionately.

DCCLXXXVII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR HETTY, May 28, 1788.
MY not hearing from you for so long a time would
have given me concern, but I knew it was not from want
of affection. I am glad to hear you prosper in your soul:
Rest in nothing you have attained; but press on till you are
filled with all the fulness of God. In this day of God's


power, I hope many of the backsliders in Cork will be
brought back: There are great numbers of them in and
about the city, and many are of the genteeler sort. It
seems you have a particular mission to these: Perhaps they
will hear none but you. I hope you have already found
out Mrs. Forbes (Captain Forbes's wife); and that now she
is more than almost persuaded to be a Christian. The
pearl on my eye is but just discernible, and dulls the sight a
little, but not much: As it grows no worse, I do not much
regard it.
Mr. Smyth's society, I verily believe, will do us no harm:
And every one may speak of me as he will. I am just
flying away as a shadow. It more than makes me amends,
that James and you still love, and pray for,
My dear Hetty,
Your most affectionate.

MY DEAR HETTY, February 9, 178K.
I AM glad to hear that you do not grow weary or faint
in your mind; that you are rather increasing in the way
of holiness. Go on in the name of the Lord, and in the
power of his might, doing the will of God from the heart.
It was a providence indeed, the flood did not begin in
the night, rather than in the day. So it is that judgment is
usually mixed with mercy, that sinners may be awakened
and not destroyed. I liked well to lodge at brother Laffan's
when I was in Cork last; but certainly I shall like much
better to lodge with brother Rogers and'you. I shall be
more at home with you, than I could be anywhere else in
Cork. I still find (blessed be God) a gradual increase of
strength, and my sight is rather better than worse. If my
life and health be continued, I shall endeavour to reach
Dublin about the end of March; and Cork before the end of
June. Peace be with your spirits !
I am, my dear Hetty,
Yours most affectionately.


DCCLXXXIX.-To Miss Patty Chapman.
MY DEAR SISTER, December 17, 1773.
CERTAINLY the more good you do, the more will many
be tempted against you. But go on. So much the more
will the Spirit of glory and of Christ rest upon you. By
fighting against that reserve, you will conquer it: The more
it is resisted, the more it is weakened. You need not be
overcome by peevishness any more. The grace of God is
sufficient for you. It seems that you are at present in your
place: "How knowest thou, but thou shalt gain thy
brother ?" The most profitable way of reading is to read
in an exact method: Suppose a chapter or two (as time
may serve) in the Old Testament, with the Notes, in the
morning; and a chapter, more or less, of the New Testa-
ment, and Notes, in the afternoon or evening. Next to
this, it might be useful to read the Works in order, only
not too fast, not too much at a time. For all reading
should be joined with meditation and prayer. Read a little;
pray and meditate much. In order to converse usefully, we
had a rule at Oxford, to plan every conversation before we
went into company; to consider, what.subject would be
most useful, and how to prosecute it. And though of your-
self you are not sufficient for these things, yet One is nigh
to supply all your wants. Love Him, and trust Him for all
things; and continue to love, for his sake,
My dear Patty,
Yours affectionately.

DCCXC.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, LEWISHAM, January 19, i773.
IF nothing unforeseen prevent, I shall be at Newbury
on Monday, March 8th. You should not be content with
coming yourself, but bring Mr. and Mrs. Jacques with you.
I doubt not but you will see a still greater increase of the
work of God at Watlington: Only lose no time Be instant
in season, out of season I In due time you will reap, if you
faint not.
God gives the full assurance of hope sooner or later, as it
se6meth Him "good. But the main point is, let your ,i. art
be whole with Him.


Let no false rival claim a part,
Nor sin disseize him of his own !
I am, dear Patty,
Yours affectionately.

DCCXCI.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, Near LONDON, October 27, 1773.
Now is the hour and the power of darkness: But
In vain does Satan rage his hour;
Beyond his chain he cannot go.
And I doubt not, most of those that are scattered abroad in
the dark and cloudy day, will again be gathered in by our
good Shepherd. It is right, therefore, to be concerned
for them; but not to sorrow as those without hope; seeing
the Lord hath not forgotten' to be gracious. You that are
spiritual, labour to restore them that are fallen, in the spirit
of meekness; and your labour shall not be in vain. Mean-
time, in your patience possess your own soul. All things shall
work together for your good; shall bring you nearer to God.
Your affectionate brother.

DCCXCII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, Near LONDON, February 25, 1774.
I SHOULD have been glad to see you at Newbury; but
the will of our Lord is best.
You can never speak too strongly or explicitly upon the
head of Christian perfection. If you speak only faintly and
indirectly, none will be offended, and none profited. But
if you speak out, although some will probably be angry, yet
others will soon find the power of God unto salvation.
You have good encouragement from the experience of her
whom God has lately taken to himself. Speak to all, and
spare not. Be instant in season, out of season: And pray
always with all perseverance; particularly for
Yours affectionately.
DCCXCIII.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, BRISTOL, October 6, 1774.
ON Monday se'nnight, the 17th of this month, I hope
to be at Wallingford; and at High-Wycomb, as usual, on
the Thursday following.
When you have 'time, you would do well to write down


the particular circumstances of your conversion to God.
The more closely we are united to Him, the more nearly
we shall be united to each other. I cannot doubt but He
will make Mr. Wolf an instrument of good to many of His
children. He is simple of heart, and much devoted to God;
and, indeed, so is his wife also.
Yours affectionately.

DCCXCIV.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, LUTON, January 11, 1775.
I HOPE, with God's help, to be at Newbury on Thurs-
day, March 2; and to have the pleasure of seeing you there,
unless something unforeseen should hinder.
You have lately had a wintry season at Watlington;
now you may expect the return of spring. Beware you are
not weary and faint in your mind Even bodily weakness
may incline you to this; especially when there appears to
be no increase, but rather a decay, of the work of God.
Yet I do not apprehend that you are yet at liberty to remove
from Watlington. Cannot Hannah Ball step over for two
or three days, and kindle a flame among you ? If she does
not come, look for One greater than her How soon? It
may be before you see another day.
I am, dear Patty,
Yours affectionately.

DCCXCV.-To the Same.
Youv only tell me in general that your health is declin-
ing: But you do not say in what manner, or from what
cause. When did you begin to feel any decay of health ?
In what manner was you affected? What did you imagine
it was owing to? How have you been since, from time to
time? What means of recovery have you used; and with
what effect? Write to me as particularly as you can on
these heads, directing to me in Dublin. It is our duty
to take care of our bodily health; but what is this to an
healthful mind ?' Let your mind be
All praise, all meekness, and all love.
I am, dear Patty,
Yours affectionately.


DCCXCVI.-To the Same.
MY DEAR SISTER, DUBLIN, April 5, 1775.
THE Apothecary seems to have understood your case:
But you have done right in leaving off the taking of medi-
cines. But withal you should use all the exercise you can,
particularly in the open air. And use what little strength
you have to the glory of Him that gave it. Warn every
one, and exhort every one, if by any means you may save
I am, my dear Patty,
Yours affectionately.

DCCXCVII.- To the Same.
DEAR PATTY, LONDON, October 13, 1781.
I RETURNED hither yesterday in the afternoon, and had
the pleasure of yours. I hope to be at High-Wycomb on
Monday and Tuesday; at Oxford on Wednesday noon; and
at Witney on Wednesday evening.
If in all these trials your mind is unmoved, and fixed
upon Him that loves you, they will only help you forward on
your way.
I am, dear Patty,
Your affectionate brother.

DCCXCVIII.-To the Same.
My DEAR SISTER, Near LONDON, November 3, 1784.
I WAS a little disappointed at your not seeing me at
Wallingford, as you used to do, before I went away. But I
took it for granted, there was some circumstance which I
did not know : So I did not blame you.
I am glad you do not let go your confidence, or lose the
witness of your sanctification. Take care that you lose not
any of the things that you have gained, but that you receive
a full reward. Certainly it is a most uncomfortable thing to
lose any part of what God hath wrought in us. I wonder
how any that have lost the love of God can find any rest in
their souls, till they have regained it.
It was well for you that God did not suffer you to find
rest in any creature. He had better things in store for


you. One more degree of His love makes you large amends,
even in the present world, for every other loss.
I am, dear Patty,
Your affectionate brother.

DCCXCIX.-To Mr. William Simpson.
DEAR BILLY, Near LONDON, November 11, 1786.
Busy as I am, I snatch time to write a few lines, as I
judge you had rather see my hand-writing than John
You must in anywise write a few loving lines to brother
Inglis, and tell him I desired you so to do. It may induce
him to be a little more careful for the time to come.
The Sunday preaching may continue at Jervas for the
present. I suppose the society at Jervas is as large as that
at Northallerton; and this is a.point which is much to be
You must needs expel out of the society at Knaresborough
those that will be contentious.
I am, with love to Nancy,
Dear Billy,
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCCC.-To the Same.
DEAR BILLY, LONDON, November 23, 1786.
You have taken, in this intricate affair, the very best
method that could be taken. When you have to do with
those stubborn spirits, it is absolutely necessary, either to
mend them or to end them: And ten persons of a quiet
temper are better than thirty contentious ones.
Undoubtedly some of the eloquent men will be sending me
heavy complaints. It is well, therefore, that you spoke first.
I am, dear Billy,
Your affectionate friend and brother.

DCCCI.-To Mr. Robert Hopkins.
MY DEAR BROTHER, Near LEEDS, July 25, 1781.
As long as you give yourself up to God without reserve;
you may be assured He will give you His blessing. Indeed,

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