REV. JOHN WESLEY, A.M.
SOMETIME FELLOW OF LINCOLN COLLEGE, OXFORD.
WITH THE LAST CORRECTIONS OF THE AUTHOR.
WESLEYAN CONFERENCE OFFICE,
2, CASTLE STREET, CITY ROAD;
[ENTERED AT STATIONERS' HALL.]
HARAIFR & J1A1LE1, PRINTERIS, 89-441, COOPER STREET, FiNSBURY, E.C.
REVEREND JOHN WESLEY, A.M.
SOMETIME FELLOW OF LINCOLN COLLEGE, OXFORD.
FROM SEPTEMBER 13, 1773, TO OCTOBER 24, 1790.
REV. MR. JOHN WESLEY'S JOURNAL,
FROM SEPTEMBER 13, 1773, TO JANUARY 2, 1770.
FROM SEPTEMBER 13, 1773, TO JANUARY 2, 1776.
Mon. SEPTEMBER 13.-My cold remaining, I was ill able to
speak. In the evening I was much worse, my palate and throat
being greatly inflamed. However, I preached as I could; but
I could then go no farther. I could swallow neither liquids nor
solids, and the windpipe seemed nearly closed. I lay down at
my usual time, but the defluxion of rheum was so uninterrupted,
that I slept not a minute till near three in the morning. On
the following nine days I grew better. Friday, 17. I went to
Kingswood, and found several of the children still alive to God.
Sat. 18.-I gave them a short exhortation, which tired but
did not hurt me.
Sun. 19.-I thought myself able to speak to the congre-
gation, which I did for half an hour; but afterwards I found a
pain in my left side and in my shoulder by turns, exactly as I
did at Canterbury twenty years before. In the morning I could
scarce lift my hand to my head; but, after being electrified, I
was much better; so that I preached with tolerable ease in the
evening; and the next evening read the letters, though my
voice was weak. From this time I slowly recovered my voice and
my strength, and on Sunday preached without any trouble.
Wed. 29.-After preaching at Pensford, I went to Publow,
and in the morning spent a little time with the lovely children.
Those of them who were lately affected, did not appear to have
lost anything of what they had received; and some of them
were clearly gaining ground, and advancing in the faidi which
works by love. Sunday, OCTOBER 3. I took a solemn leave of
the society at Bristol, now consisting of eight hundred members.
Mon. 4.-I went, by Shepton-Mallet, to Shaftesbury, and
on Tuesday to Salisbury. Wednesday, 6. Taking chaise at
two in the morning, in the evening I came well to London.
The rest of the week I made what inquiry I could into the
state of my accounts. Some confusion had arisen from the
REV. T. WESLEY'S
sudden death of my book-keeper; but it was less than might
have been expected.
Monday, 11, and the following days, I took a little tour
through Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire. Between
Northampton and Towcester we met with a great natural
curiosity, the largest elm I ever saw; it was twenty-eight
feet in circumference; six feet more than that which was
some years ago in Magdalen-College walks at Oxford.
Mon. 18.-I began my little journey through Oxfordshire
and Buckinghamshire. In the way I read over Sir Richard
Blackmore's Prince Arthur." It is not a contemptible
poem, although by no means equal to his Poem on the Crea-
tion, in which are many admirably fine strokes.
Mon. 25.-I went to Shoreham, and spent two days both
agreeably and profitably. The work of God, which broke out
here two or three years ago, is still continually increasing. I
preached near Bromley on Thursday, and on Friday, 29, had
the satisfaction of dining with an old friend. I hope she
meant all the kindness she professed. If she did not, it was
her own loss.
Mon. NOVEMBE 1.--I set out for Norfolk, and came to
Lynn while the congregation was waiting for me. Here was
once a prospect of doing much good; but it was almost va-
nished away. Calvinism, breaking in upon them, had torn the
infant society in pieces. I did all I could to heal the breach,
both in public and private; and, having recovered a few, I left
them all in peace, and went on to Norwich on Wednesday.
Fri. 5.-I preached at noon to the warm congregation at
Loddon, and in the evening to the cold one at Yarmouth. I
know there is nothing too hard for God; else I should go thither
no more. Monday, 8. I found the society at Lakenheath was
entirely vanished away. I joined them together once more,
and they seriously promised to keep together. If they do, I
shall endeavour to see them again; if not, I have better work.
Tues. 9.-I preached at Bury; and on Wednesday, at Col-
chester, where I spent a day or two with much satisfaction,
among a poor, loving, simple-hearted people. I returned to
London on Friday, and was fully employed in visiting the
classes from that time to Saturday, 20.
In my late journey I read over Dr. Lee's Sophron." He
is both a learned and a sensible man; yet I judge his book will
Dec. 1773.] JOURNAw. &
hardly come to a second impression, for these very obvious
reasons:-1. His language is generally rough and unpleasing;
frequently so obscure that one cannot pick out the meaning of
a sentence, without reading it twice or thrice over: 2. His
periods are intolerably long, beyond all sense and reason; one
period often containing ten or twenty, and sometimes thirty,
lines: 3. When he makes a pertinent remark he knows not
when to have done with it, but spins it out without any pity
to the reader: 4. Many of his remarks, like those of his
master, Mr. Hutchinson, are utterly strained and unnatural;
such as give pain to those who believe the Bible, and diversion
to these who do not.
Mon. 22.-I set out for Sussex, and found abundance of
people willing to hear the good word; at Rye in particular.
And they do many things gladly: But they will not part with
the accursed thing, smuggling. So I fear, with regard to
these, our labour will be in vain.
Monday, 29. I went to Gravesend; on Tuesday, to Chat-
ham; and on Wednesday, to Sheerness; over that whimsical
ferry, where footmen and horses pay nothing, but every car-
riage four shillings !. I was pleasing myself that I had seen
one fair day at Sheerness! But that pleasure was soon over.
We had rain enough in the evening. However, the House
was crowded sufficiently. I spoke exceeding plain to the
bigots on both sides. May God write it on their hearts !
Mon. DECEMBER 6.-1 went to Canterbury in the stage-
coach, and by the way read Lord Herbert's Life, written by
himself; the author of the first system of Deism that ever was
published in England. Was there ever so wild a knight-
errant as this? Compared to him, Don Quixote was a sober
man. Who can wonder, that a man of such a complexion
should be an Infidel? I returned to London, Friday, 10,
with Captain Hinderson, of Chatham, who informed us,-
"Being off the Kentish coast, on Wednesday morning last,
I found my ship had been so damaged by the storm, which
still continued, that she could not long keep above water; so
we got into the boat, twelve in all, though with little hope
of making the shore. A ship passing by, we made all the
signals we could; but they took no notice. A second
passed near: We made signals and called; but they would
not stay for us. A third put out their boat, took us up,
and set us safe on shore."
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Fri. 17.--Meeting with a celebrated book, a volume of Cap-
tain Cook's Voyages, I sat downto read it with huge expectation.
But how was I disappointed! I observed, 1. Things absolutely
incredible: "A nation without any curiosity;" and, what is
stranger still, (I fear related with no good design,) without
any sense of shame! Men and women coupling together in
the face of the sun, and in the sight of scores of people! Men
whose skin, cheeks, and lips are white as milk." Hume or Vol-
taire might believe this; but I cannot. I observed, 2. Things
absolutely impossible. To instance in one, for a specimen.
A native of Otaheite is said to understand the language of an
island eleven hundred degrees [query, miles] distant from
it in latitude; besides I know not how many hundreds in
longitude! So that I cannot but rank this narrative with
that of Robinson Crusoe; and account Tupia to be, in several
respects, akin to his man Friday.
Saturday, 25, and on the following days, we had many
happy opportunities of celebrating the solemn Feast-days,
according to the design of their institution. We concluded
the year with a Fast-day, closed with a solemn watch-night.
Tues. JANU'ARY 4, 1774.-Three or four years ago, a stum-
bling horse threw me forward on the pommel of the saddle. I
felt a good deal of pain; but it soon went off, and I thought of
it no more. Some months after I observed, testiculum alterum
altero duplo majorem esse. I consulted a Physician: He told
me it was a common case, and did not imply any disease at all.
In May twelvemonth it was grown near as large as a hen's egg.
Being then at Edinburgh, Dr. Hamilton insisted on my having
the advice of Drs. Gregory and Munro. They immediately
saw it was a Hydrocele, and advised me, as soon as I came to
London, to aim at a radical cure, which they judged might be
effected in about sixteen days: When I came to London, I
consulted Mr. Wathen. He advised me, 1. Not to think of a
radical cure, which could not be hoped for, without my lying
in one posture fifteen or sixteen days. And he did not know
whether this might not give a wound to my constitution,
which I should never recover. 2. To do nothing while I
continued easy. And this advice I was determined to take.
Last month the swelling was often painful. So on this day,
Mr. Wathen performed the operation, and drew off something
more than half a pint of a thin, yellow, transparent water.
With this came out (to his no small surprise) a pearl of the
rize of a small shot; which he supposed might be one cause
of the disorder, by occasioning a conflux of humours to the
part. Wednesday, 5. I was as perfectly easy, as if no
operation had been performed.
Tues. 11.-I began at the east end of the town to visit the
society from house to house. I know no branch of the pas-
toral office, which is of greater importance than this. But it
is so grievous to flesh and blood, that I can prevail on few,
even of our Preachers, to undertake it.
Sun. 23.-Mr. Pentycross assisted me at the chapel. O
what a curse upon the poor sons of men is the confusion of
opinions Worse by many degrees than the curse of Babel,
the confusion of tongues. What but this could prevent this
amiable young man from joining heart and hand with us?
Mon. 24.-I was desired by Mrs. Wright, of New-York,
to let her take my effigy in wax-work. She has that of Mr.
Whitefield and many others; but none of them, I think,
comes up to a well-drawn picture.
Fri. 28.-1 buried the remains of that venerable mother in
Israel, Bilhah Aspernell. She found peace with God in 1738;
and soon after, purity of heart. From that time she walked
in the light.of God's countenance, day and night, without the
least intermission. She was always in pain, yet always re-
joicing, and going about doing good. Her desire was, that
she might not live to be useless: And God granted her desire.
On Sunday evening she met her class, as usual. The next
day she sent for her old fellow-traveller, Sarah Clay, and said
to her, "Sally, I am going." She asked, "Where are you
going?" She cheerfully answered, "To my Jesus, to be
sure !" and spoke no more.
Saturday, 29, and several times in the following week, I
had much conversation with Ralph Mather, a devoted young
man, but almost driven out of his senses by Mystic Divinity.
If he escapes out of this specious snare of the devil, he will
be an instrument of much good.
Thur. FEBRUARY 10.-I was desired by that affectionate
man, Mr. P- to give him a sermon at Chelsea. Every
corner of the room was throughly crowded; and all but two
or three gentlewomen (so called) were deeply serious, while I
strongly enforced, Strait is the gate, and narrow is the way,
that leadeth unto life."
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Mon. 14.-In my way to Dorking, I gave another reading
to the "Life of Anna Maria Schurman:" Perhaps a woman
of the strongest understanding that the world ever saw. And
she was likewise deeply devoted to God. So was alsoAntoinette
Bourignon, nearly her equal in sense, though not in learning;
and equally devoted to God. In many things there was a sur-
prising resemblance between them, particularly in severity of
temper, leading them to separate from all the world, whom
they seemed to give up to the devil without remorse; only with
this difference,-Madame Bourignon believed there were
absolutely no children of God, but her and her three or four
associates: Anna Schurman believed there were almost none,
but her and her little community. No wonder that the world
returned their love, by persecuting them in every country.
Thur. MARCu 3.-I preached at L- But O what a
change is there! The society is shrunk to five or six mem-
bers, and probably will soon shrink into nothing. And the
family is not even a shadow of that which was for some years
a pattern to all the kingdom!
Sun. 6.-In the evening I went to Brentford, and on Mon-
day to Newbury. Tuesday, 8. Coming to Chippenham, I
was informed that the floods had made the road by Marshfield
impassable. So I went round by Bath, and came to Bristol
just as my brother was giving out the hymn; and in time to
beseech a crowded audience, not to receive "the grace of God
Sat. 12.-I went over to Xingswood, and put an end to some
little misunderstandings which had crept into the family. At
this I rejoiced; but I was grieved to find that Ralph Mather's
falling into Mysticism and Quakerism had well nigh put an end
to that uncommon awakening which he had before occasioned
among the children. But the next day I found, the little maids
at Publow, who found peace by his means, had retained all the
life which they had received; and had indeed increased therein.
Tues. 15.-1 began my northern journey, and went by Stroud,
Gloucester, and Tewkesbury, to Worcester. Thursday, 17. I
preached in the Town-Hall at Evesham, to a numerous and
serious congregation. Friday, 18. I returned to Worcester.
The society here continues walking together in love, and are
not moved by all the efforts of those who would fain teach them
Another Gospel. I was much comforted by their steadfastness
and simplicity. Thus let them "silence the ignorance of
foolish men !"
Sat. 19.-In the evening I preached at Birmingham, and
at eight in the morning. At noon I preached on Bramwick-
Heath; and, the Room being far too small, stood in Mr.
Wiley's courtyard, notwithstanding the keen north-east wind.
At Wednesbury, likewise, I was constrained by the multitude
of people to preach abroad in the evening. I strongly enforced
upon them the Apostle's words, How shall we escape, if we
neglect so great salvation?" If we do not "go on to perfection,"
how shall we escape lukewarmness, Antinomianism, hell-fire?
Mon. 21.-I preached at nine in Darlaston, and about noon
at Wolverhampton. Here I had the pleasure of meeting Mr.
Fletcher, and we took sweet counsel together. Tuesday, 22.
At five I explained that important truth, that God trieth us
every moment, weighs all our thoughts, words, and actions,
and is pleased or displeased with us, according to our works.
I see more and more clearly, that "there is a great gulf fixed"
between us and all those who, by denying this, sap the very
foundation both of inward and outward holiness.
At ten I preached at Dudley, and in the afternoon spent
some time in viewing Mr. Bolton's works, wonderfully ingeni-
ous, but the greater part of them wonderfully useless. Wed-
nesday, 23. I preached at Ashby-de-la-Zouch; and Thursday,
24, went on to Markfield. The church was quickly filled. I
preached on those words in the Second Lesson, "Lazarus,
come forth !" In the evening I preached at Leicester. Here,
likewise, the people walk in the fear of the Lord, and in the
comfort of the Holy Ghost."
Sun. 27.-About noon I preached at Stapleford, six miles
west from Nottingham. I stood in a meadow, because no
house could contain the congregation. But it was nothing to
that at Nottingham-Cross in the evening, the largest I have
seen for many years, except at Gwennap. Monday, 28.
About noon I preached at Donnington. It was a showery
day, but the showers were suspended during the preaching.
In the evening I preached at Derby, and. had the satisfaction
to observe an unusual seriousness in the congregation. Care-
less as they used to be, they seemed at length to know the
day of their visitation.
STues. 29.-About ten I preached in the market-place at
REV. J. WESLEY's
Ashbourne to a large and tolerably serious congregation; and
some, I believe, felt the word of God quick and powerful, while
I enforced, "God now commandeth all men everywhere to
repent." After dinner we went on to Newcastle-under-Lyne,
(that is the proper name of the river,) where I was invited by
the Mayor, a serious, sensible man, to lodge at his house. I
was desired (our Room being but small) to preach in the
market-place. Abundance of people were soon gathered toge-
ther, who surprised me not little, by mistaking the tune, and
striking up the March in Judas Maccabeus. Many of them
had admirable voices, and tolerable skill. I know not when I
have heard so agreeable a sound: It was indeed the voice of
melody. But we had one jarring string: A drunken gentle-
man was a little noisy, till he was carried away.
Wed. 30.-I went on to Congleton, where I received letters,
informing me that my presence was necessary at Bristol. So
about one I took chaise, and reached Bristol about half an hour
after one the next day. Having done my business in about
two hours, on Friday in the afternoon I reached Congleton
again; (about a hundred and forty miles from Bristol;) no
more tired (blessed be God !) than when I left it. What a
change is in this town The bitter enmity of the townsfolks
to the Methodists is clean forgotten. So has the steady beha-
viour of the little flock turned the hearts of their opposers.
APRIL 3.-(Being Easter Day.) I went on to Macclesfield,
and camejust in time (so is the scene changed here also) to walk
to the old church, with the Mayor and the two Ministers. The
rain drove us into the House in the evening; that is, as many
as could squeeze in; and we had a season of strong consola-
tion, both at the preaching, and at the meeting of the society.
Mon. 4.-I went on to Manchester, where the work of God
appears to be still increasing. Tuesday, 5. About noon I
preached at New-Mills, to an earnest, artless, loving people;
and in the evening, at poor, dull, dead Stockport, not without
hopes that God would raise the dead. As one means of this,
I determined to restore the morning preaching, which had
been discontinued for many years. So I walked over from
Portwood in the morning, and found the house well filled at
five o'clock. Wednesday, 6. I preached at Pendleton-pole,
two miles from Manchester, in a new chapel designed for a
Church Minister, which was filled from end to end.
Thur. 7.-1 preached about noon at Northwich, now as quiet
as Manchester: And in the evening at that lovely spot, Little-
Leigh. Friday, 8. I went on to Chester. Saturday, 9. I
visited our old friends at Alpraham; many of whom are now
well nigh worn out, and just ready for the Bridegroom.
Mon. 11.-I preached about noon at Warrington, and in the
evening at Liverpool. Thursday, 14. I preached in Wigan
at noon, where all tumult is now at an end: The lives of the
Christians having quite put to silence the ignorance of foolish
men. In the evening I preached at Bolton, to the most lively
and most steady people in all these parts.
Fri. 15.-I preached at a preaching-house just built at Chow-
bent, which was lately a den of lions; but they are all now
quiet as lambs. So they were the next day at the new House
near Bury. Saturday, 16. At noon I preached in Rochdale; and
in the evening near the church in Huddersfield. The wind was
high, and very sharp; but the people little regarded it, while I
strongly enforced those words, "What doest thou here, Elijah?"
Sun. 17.-I rode to Halifax. Such a country church I
never saw before. I suppose, except York Minster, there is
none in the county so large. Yet it would not near contain the
congregation. I was afraid it would be impossible for all to
hear; but God gave me a voice for the occasion: So that I
believe all heard and many felt the application of those words,
(part of the First Lesson,) "Let me die the death of the
righteous, and let my last end be like his!"
While I was at dinner at Dr. Leigh's, one came from Hud-
dersfield to tell me the Vicar was willing I should preach in
the church. Dr. Leigh lending me his servant and his horse,
I set out immediately; and, riding fast, came into the church
while the Vicar was reading the Psalms. It was well the people
had no notice of my preaching, till I came into the town: They
quickly filled the church. I did not spare them, but fully
delivered my own soul.
Mon. 18.-The Minister of Heptonstall sent me word that
I was welcome to preach in his church. It was with difficulty
we got up the steep mountain; and when we were upon it,
the wind was ready to bear us away. The church was filled,
not with curious but serious hearers. No others would face
so furious a storm. At the Ewood, in the evening, we had
the usual blessing.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Tues. 19.-Mrs. Holmes, who has been some years confined
to her bed, sent, and desired I would preach at her house.
As I stood in the passage, both she could hear, and all that
stood in the adjoining rooms. I preached on Rev. xiv. 1-5.
It was a refreshing season to her and to many. At half-hour
after ten, I preached in the new House at Hightown, and in
the evening at Daw-Green.
I found Mr. Greenwood (with whom I lodged) dying (as
was supposed) of the gout in the stomach. But, on observing
the symptoms, I was convinced it was not the gout, but the
angina pectoris: (Well described by Dr. Heberden, and still
more accurately by Dr. M'Bride of Dublin:) I therefore
advised him to take no more medicines, but to be electrified
through the breast. He was so. The violent symptoms
immediately ceased, and he fell into a sweet sleep.
Thur. 21.-I preached at Morley, on, "0 thou of little
faith, wherefore didst thou doubt?" About two I preached
at the new-built House at Pudsey, where the Germans (I was
informed) are continually declining. Twenty years since one
would have thought they would never have been moved; but
who can stand any longer than God is on their side? This
evening and the next I preached to the lively congregation at
Bradford, and was much comforted; so were many; indeed
all that earnestly desired to recover the whole image of God.
Fri. 22.-I rode and walked to Bradshaw House, standing
alone in a dreary waste. But although it was a cold and
stormy day, the people flocked from all quarters. So they
did at noon the next day, to Clough, (two or three miles
from Colne,) where, though it was cold enough, I was obliged
to preach abroad. In the evening I preached to our old,
upright, loving brethren at Keighley.
Sun. 24.-It being a cold and stormy day, Haworth church
contained the people tolerably well. On Monday, Tuesday,
and Wednesday, I preached at Bingley and Yeadon; and on
Thursday opened the new House at Wakefield. What a
change is here, since our friend was afraid to let me preach
in his house, lest the mob should pull it down! So I
preached in the main street: And then was sown the first /
seed, which has since borne so plenteous a harvest.
Hence I went to Leeds, and on Saturday, 30, to Birstal.
Here, on the top of the hill, was the standard first set up four.
and-thirty years ago. And since that time, what hath God
Sun. MAY 1.-I preached at eight on that delicate device
of Satan to destroy the whole religion of the heart,-the
telling men not to regard frames or feelings, but to live by
naked faith; that is, in plain terms, not to regard either love,
joy, peace, or any other fruit of the Spirit: Not to regard
whether they feel these, or the reverse; whether their souls
be in an heavenly or hellish frame! At one I preached at
the foot of the hill to many thousand hearers; and at Leeds
to about the same number, whom I besought in strong terms
not to receive the grace of God in vain."
On Monday and Tuesday I preached at Otley and Pateley-
Bridge. Wednesday, 4. I went on to Ambleside; and on
Thursday to Whitehaven. Monday, 9. I set out for Scotland.
At eight I preached in the Castle-yard at Cockermouth, to
abundance of careless people, on, "Where their worm dieth
not, and the fire is not quenched." In the evening I preached
at Carlisle. On Tuesday I went on to Selkirk, and on Wed-
nesday to Edinburgh; which is distant from Carlisle ninety-
five miles, and no more. Thursday, 12. I went in the stage-
coach to Glasgow; and on Friday and Saturday, preached on
the old Green, to a people, the greatest part of whom hear
much, know every thing, andfeel nothing.
Sun. 15.-My spirit was moved within me at the sermons
I heard both morning and afternoon. They contained much
truth, but were no more likely to awaken one soul than an
Italian Opera. In the evening a multitude of people assem-
bled on the Green, to whom I earnestly applied these words,
"Though I have all knowledge,-though I have all faith,-
though I give all my goods to feed the poor," &c., a-d have
not love, I am nothing."
Mon. 16.-In the afternoon, as also at seven in the morn-
ing, I preached in the kirk at Port-Glasgow. My subjects
were Death and Judgment, and I spoke as home as I possibly
could. The evening congregation at Greenock was exceeding
large. I opened and enforced these awful words, "Strait is
the gate, and narrow is the way, that leadeth unto life." I
know not that ever I spoke more strongly. And some fruit
of it quickly appeared; for the House, twice as large as that
at Glasgow, was throughly filled at five in the morning. In
REV. J. WESLEY'8
the evening, Tuesday, 17, I preached on the Green at Glas-
gow once more, although the north wind was piercing cold.
At five in the morning I commended our friends to God.
How is it that there is no increase in this society? It is
exceeding easy to answer. One Preacher stays here two or
three months at a time, preaching on Sunday mornings, and
three or four evenings in a week. Can a Methodist Preacher
preserve either bodily health, or spiritual life, with this exer-
cise? And if he is but half alive, what will the people be?
Just so it is at Greenock too.
Wed. 18.-I went to Edinburgh, and on Thursday to Perth.
Here likewise the morning preaching had been given up:
Consequently the people were few, dead, and cold. These
things must be remedied, or we must quit the ground.
In the way to Perth, I read that ingenious tract, Dr. Gre-
gory's Advice to his Daughters." Although I cannot agree
with him in all things; (particularly as to dancing, decent
pride, and both a reserve and a delicacy which I think are
quite unnatural;) yet I allow there are many fine strokes
therein, and abundance of common sense: And if a young
woman followed this plan in little things, in such things as
daily occur, and in great things copied after Miranda, she
would form an accomplished character.
Fri. 20.-I rode over to Mr. Fraser's, at Monedie, whose
mother-in-law was to be buried that day. O what a difference
is there between the English and the Scotch method of burial!
The English does honour to human nature; and even to the poor
remains, that were once a temple of the Holy Ghost! But when
I see in Scotland a coffin put into the earth, and covered up with-
out a word spoken, it reminds me of what was spoken concern-
ing Jehoiakim, He shall be buried with the burial of an ass!"
Sat. 21.-I returned to Perth, and preached in the evening
to a large congregation. But I could not find the way to
their hearts. The generality of the people here are so wise
that they need no more knowledge, and so good that they
need no more religion! Who can warn them that are brim-
ful of wisdom and goodness, to flee from the wrath to come:
Sea,. 22.-I endeavoured to stir up this drowsy people, by
speaking as strongly as I could, at five, on, "Awake, thou that
sleepest;" at seven, on, "Where their worm dieth not;" and in
the evening, on, "I saw the dead, small and great, stand before
God." In the afternoon a young gentleman, in the west kirk,
preached such a close, practical sermon, on, "Enoch walked
with God," as I have not heard since I came into the kingdom.
Mon. 23.-About ten, I preached to a considerable number
of plain, serious, country-people, at Rait, a little town in the
middle of that lovely valley, called the Carse of Gowry. In
riding on to Dundee, I was utterly amazed at reading and con-
sidering a tract put into my hands, which gave a fuller account
than I had ever seen of the famous Gowry conspiracy in 1600.
And I was throughly convinced,-1. From the utter impro-
bability, if one should not rather say, absurdity, of the King's
account, the greater part of which rests entirely on his own
single word; 2. From the many contradictions in the deposi-
tions which were made to confirm some parts of it; and, 3.
From the various collateral circumstances, related by con-
temporary writers,-that the whole was a piece of king-
craft; the clumsy invention of a covetous and blood-thirsty
tyrant to destroy two innocent men, that he might kill and
also take possession of their large fortunes.
In the evening I preached at Dundee, and on Tuesday, 24,
went on to Arbroath. In the way I read Lord K-'s plausible
"Essays on Morality and Natural Religion." Did ever man take
so much pains to so little purpose, as he does in his Essay on
Liberty and Necessity ? Cui bono ? What good would it do to
mankind, if he could convince them that they are a mere piece
of clock-work ? that they have no more share in directing their
own actions, than in directing the sea or the north wind ? He
owns, that "if men saw themselves in this light, all sense of
moral obligation, of right and wrong, of good or ill desert, would
immediately cease." Well, my Lord sees himself in this light;
consequently, if his own doctrine is true, he has no sense of
moral obligation, of right and wrong, of good or ill desert." Is
he not then excellently well-qualified for a Judge? Will he
condemn a man for not "holding the wind in his fist ?"
The high and piercing wind made it impracticable to preach
abroad in the evening. But the House contained the people
tolerably well, as plain and simple as those at Rait. I set out
early in the morning; but, not being able to ford the North-
Esk, swollen with the late rains, was obliged to go round some
miles. However, I reached Aberdeen in the evening.
Here I met with another curious book, "Sketches'of the
REV. J. WESLEY'S
History of Man." Undoubtedly, the author is a man of strong
understanding, lively imagination, and considerable learning;
and his book contains some useful truths. Yet some things in
it gave me pain : 1. His affirming things that are not true; as
that all Negro children turn black the ninth or tenth day from
their birth. No: most of them turn partly black on the second
day, entirely so on the third. That all the Americans are of a
copper colour. INot so: Some of them are as fair as we are.
Many more such assertions I observed, which I impute not to
design but credulity. 2. His flatly contradicting himself; many
times within a page or two. 3. His asserting, and labouring
to prove, that man is a mere piece of clock-work: And, lastly,
his losing no opportunity of vilifying the Bible, to which he
appears to bear a most cordial hatred. I marvel if any but his
brother Infidels will give two guineas for such a work as this !
Sun. 29.-At seven the congregation was large. In the
evening the people were ready to tread upon each other. I
scarce ever saw people so squeezed together. And they
seemed to be all ear, while I exhorted them, with strong and
pointed words, not to receive "the grace of God in vain."
Mon. 30.-I set out early from Aberdeen, and preached at
Arbroath in the evening. I know no people in England who
are more loving, and more simple of heart, than these. Tuesday,
31. I preached at Easthaven, a small town, inhabited by fisher-
men. I suppose all the inhabitants were present; and all were
ready to devour the word. In the evening I preached at Dun-
dee, and had great hope that brotherly love would continue.
In my way hither, I read Dr. Reid's ingenious Essay.
With the former part of it I was greatly delighted : But after-
wards I was much disappointed. I doubt whether the senti-
ments are just: But I am sure his language is so obscure that
to most readers it must be mere Arabic. But I have a greater
objection than this ; namely, his exquisite want of judgment in
so admiring that prodigy of self-conceit, Rousseau,-a shallow,
but supercilious Infidel, two degrees below Voltaire Is it
possible, that a man who admires him can admire the Bible?
Wed. JUNE 1.-I went on to Edinburgh, and the next day
examined the society one by one. I was agreeably surprised.
They have fairly profited since I was here last. Such a number
of persons having sound Christian experience I never found in
this society before. I preached in the evening to a very elegant
congregation, and yet with great enlargement of heart. Satur-
day, 4. I found uncommon liberty at Edinburgh in applying
Ezekiel's vision of the Dry Bones. As I was walking home,
two men followed me, one of whom said, Sir, you are my
prisoner. I have a warrant from the Sheriff, to carry you to
the Tolbooth." At first I thought he jested; but finding the
thing was serious, I desired one or two of our friends to go up
with me. When we were safe lodged in a house adjoining to
the Tolbooth, I desired the Officer to let me see his warrant.
I found the prosecutor was one George Sutherland, once a
member of the society. He had deposed, "That Hugh Saun-
derson, one of John Wesley's Preachers, had taken from his
wife one hundred pounds in money, and upwards of thirty
pounds in goods; and had, besides that, terrified her into
madness; so that, through the want of her help, and the loss
of business, he was damaged five hundred pounds."
Before the Sheriff, Archibald Cockburn, Esq., he had
deposed, "That the said John Wesley and Hugh Saunder-
son, to evade her pursuit, were preparing to fly the country;
and therefore he desired his warrant to search for, seize,
and incarcerate them in the Tolbooth, till they should find
security for their appearance." To this request the Sheriff
had assented, and given his warrant for that purpose.
But why does he incarcerate John Wesley? Nothing is
laid against him, less or more. Hugh Saunderson preaches
in connexion with him. What then? Was not the Sheriff
strangely overseen ?
Mr. Sutherland furiously insisted that the Officer should
carry us to the Tolbooth without delay. However, he waited
till two or three of our friends came, and gave a bond for
our appearance on the 24th instant. Mr. S. did appear,
the cause was heard, and the prosecutor fined one thousand
Sun. 5.-About eight I preached at Ormiston, twelve miles
from Edinburgh. The House being small, I stood in the street,
and proclaimed "the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ." The
congregation behaved with the utmost decency. So did that
on the Castle-Hill in Edinburgh, at noon; though I strongly
insisted, that God "now commandeth all men every where to
repent." In the evening the House was throughly filled; and
many seemed deeply affected. I do not wonder that Satan, had
VOL. IV. C
REV. J. WESLEY'S
it been in his power, would have had me otherwise employed
Wed. 8.-I took my leave of our affectionate friends, and
in the evening preached at Dunbar. Thursday, 9. The
wind being high, I preached in the Court-House at Alnwick;
but it was intolerably hot. Friday, 10. About eleven I
preached in the little Square, adjoining to the preaching-
house in Morpeth. In the evening I preached at Newcastle;
and in the morning, Saturday, 11, set out for the Dales.
About noon I preached at Wolsingham, and in the evening
near the preaching-house in Weardale.
Sun. 12.-The rain drove us into the House, both morning
and afternoon. Afterwards I met the poor remains of the
select society; but neither of my two lovely children, neither
Peggy Spence nor Sally Blackburn, were there. Indeed a
whole row of such I had seen before; but three in four of
them were now as careless as ever. In the evening I sent
for Peggy Spence and Sally Blackburn. Peggy came, and I
found she had well nigh regained her ground, walking in the
light, and having a lively hope of recovering all that she had
lost. Sally flatly refused to come, and then ran out of doors.
Being found at length, after a flood of tears, she was brought
almost by force. But I could not get one look, and hardly a
word, from her. She seemed to have no hope left: Yet she
is not out of God's reach.
I now inquired into the causes of that grievous decay in the
vast work of God, which was here two years since; and I found
several causes had concurred: 1. Not one of the Preachers that
succeeded was capable of being a nursing-fatherto the new-born
children : 2. Jane Salkeld, one great instrument of the work,
marrying, was debarred from meeting the young ones; and
there being none left who so naturally cared for them, they fell
heaps upon heaps : 3. Most of the liveliest in the society were
the single men and women; and several of these in a little time
contracted an inordinate affection for each other; whereby they
io grieved the Holy Spirit of God, that he in great measure
departed from them: 4. Men arose among ourselves, who
undervalued the work of God, and called the great work of
sanctification a delusion. By this they grieved some, and
angered others; so that both the one and the other were
much weakened: 5. Hence, the love of many waxing cold,
the Preachers were discouraged; and jealousies, heart-burn-
ings, evil-surmisings, were multiplied more and more. There
is now a little revival: God grant it may increase !
Mon. 13.-At eleven I preached in Teesdale, and at Swale-
dale in the evening. Tuesday, 14. We crossed over the enor-
mous mountain into lovely Wenaudale; the largest by far of
all the Dales, as well as the most beautiful. Some years since,
many had been awakened here, and joined together by Mr.
Ingham and his Preachers. But since the bitter dissension
between their Preachers, the poor sheep have all been scat-
tered. A considerable number of these have been gleaned up,
and joined together by our Preachers. I came into the midst
of them at Redmire. As I rode through the town, the people
stood staring on every side, as if we had been a company of
monsters. I preached in the street, and they soon ran toge-
ther, young and old, from every quarter. I reminded the elder,
of their having seen me thirty years before, when I preached
in Wensley church; and enforced once more, Believe in the
Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved." When .1 rode
back through the town, it wore a new face. The people were
profoundly civil: They were bowing and courtesying on every
side. Such a change in two hours I have seldom seen.
Hence we hasted to Richmond, where I preached in a kind
of Square. All the Yorkshire Militia were there; and so were
their Officers, who kept them in awe, so that they behaved
with decency. At six I preached at the end of our House in
Barnard-Castle. I was faint and feverish when I began; but
the staying an hour in a cold bath (for the wind was very high
and sharp) quite refreshed me; so that all my faintness was
gone, and I was perfectly well when I concluded.
Wed. 15.-I went on by Durham to Sunderland. Saturday,
18. I preached at Biddick. It was fair while I was preaching,
but rained very hard both before and after. Sunday, 19. I
preached at the east end of the town, I think, to the largest
congregation I ever saw at Sunderland. The rain did not
begin till I had concluded. At two I preached at the Fell,
at five in the Orphan-House.
Mon. 20.-About nine I set out for Horsley, with Mr.
Hopper and Mr. Smith. I took Mrs. Smith and her two little
girls, in the chaise with me. About two miles from the town
just on the brow of the hill, on a sudden both the horses set
REV. J. WESLEY'S
out, without any visible cause, and flew down the hill, like an
arrow out of a bow. In a minute John fell off the coach-box.
The horses then went on full speed, sometimes to the edge of
the ditch on the right, sometimes on the left. A cart came up
against them: They avoided it as exactly as if the man had
been on the box. A narrow bridge was at the foot of the hill.
They went directly over the middle of it. They ran up the
next hill with the same speed; many persons meeting us, but
getting out of the way. Near the top of the hill was a gate,
whichled into a farmer's yard. It stood open. They turned
short, and run through it, without touching the gate on one
side, or the post on the other. I thought, "However, the
gate which is on the other side of the yard, and is shut, will
stop them:" But they rushed through it as if it had been a
cobweb, and galloped on through the corn-field. The little
girls cried out, Grandpapa, save us!" I told them, "Nothing
will hurt you : Do not be afraid;" feeling no more fear or care,
(blessed be God !) than if I had been sitting in my study. The
horses ran on, till they came to the edge of a steep precipice.
Just then Mr. Smith, who could not overtake us before, galloped
in between. They stopped in a moment. Had they gone on
ever so little, he and we must have gone down together!
I am persuaded both evil and good angels had a large share
in this transaction : How large we do not know now; but we
shall know hereafter.
I think some of the most remarkable circumstances were, 1.
Both the horses, which were tame and quiet as could be, starting
out in a moment just at the top of the hill, and running down
full speed. 2. The coachman's being thrown on his head with
such violence, and yet not hurt at all. 3. The chaise running
again and again to the edge of each ditch, and yet not into it.
4. The avoiding the cart. 5. The keeping just the middle of
the bridge. 6. The turning short through the first gate, in a
manner that no coachman in England could have turned them,
when in full gallop. 7. The going through the second gate as
if it had been but smoke, without slackening their pace at all.
This would have been impossible, had not the end of the chariot-
pole struck exactly on the centre of the gate; whence the whole,
by the sudden impetuous shock, was broke into small pieces.
8. That the little girl, who used to have fits, on my saying, "No-
thing will hurt you," ceased crying, and was quite composed.
Lastly, That Mr. Smith struck in just then: In a minute
more we had been down the precipice; and had not the horses
then stopped at once, they must have carried him and us
down together. "Let those give thanks whom the Lord
hath redeemed, and delivered from the hand of the enemy !"
Fri. 24.-I read over Dr. Wilson's tract on the Circulation
of the Blood. What are we sure of but the Bible ? I thought
nothing had been more sure, than that the heart is the grand
moving power, which both begins and continues the circula-
tion. But I think the Doctor has clearly proved, that it does
not begin at the heart; and that the heart has quite another
office, only receiving the blood, which then moves on through
its channels, on the mere principle of suction, assisted by the
ethereal fire, which is connected with every particle of it.
Sun. 26.-In the morning I preached at the Ballast-Hills,
among the glassmen, keelmen, and sailors. As these had
nothing to pay, I exhorted them to buy wine and milk with-
out money and without price."
Mon. 27.-I took my leave of this lovely place and people,
and about ten preached to a serious congregation at Durham.
About six I preached at Stockton-upon-Tees, on a text suited
to the congregation, "Where their worm dieth not, and the
fire is not quenched."
Tues. 28.-This being my birth-day, the first day of my
seventy-second year, I was considering, How is this, that I find
just the same strength as I did thirty years ago? That my
sight is considerably better now, and my nerves firmer, than
they were then ? That I have none of the infirmities of old
age, and have lost several I had in my youth? The grand
cause is, the good pleasure of God, who doeth whatsoever
pleaseth Him. The chief means are, 1. My constantly rising
at four, for about fifty years. 2. My generally preaching at
five in the morning; one of the most healthy exercises in the
world. 3. My never travelling less, by sea or land, than four
thousand five hundred miles in a year.
In the evening I preached at Yarm; about eleven the next
day at Osmotherley; and in the evening at Thirsk. Thursday,
30. I preached at Hutton-Rudby, and found still remaining a
few sparks of the uncommon flame which was kindled there ten
years ago. It was quenched chiefly by the silly, childish con-
tentions of those who were real partakers of that great blessing.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Fri. JULY 1.-I preached in Stokesley at six; and many
determined to set out anew. In Guisborough I was con-
strained to preach abroad; and the whole multitude was as
silent as the subject,-Death! I never before had such an
opportunity at this place. In the afternoon, through miserable
roads, we at length got to Whitby.
Sun. 3.-We had a solemn hour at five with the society
only; and another at eight, while I enforced those words on
a numerous congregation, "How shall we escape, if we
neglect so great salvation?" While we were at church, a
poor man would needs divert himself by swimming; but he
sunk, and rose no more. The Minister preached in the after-
noon a sermon suited to the occasion, on, "Be ye likewise
ready; for ye know not the hour when the Son of Man
cometh." At five I preached in the market-place, on, Though
I speak with the tongues of men and angels," &c., "and have
not charity, I am nothing." I spoke exceeding plain, and the
people were attentive: Yet few of them, I doubt, understood
what was spoken. The society, however, are well established,
and adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour.
Mon. 4.-At eleven I preached in the little Square at Robin
Hood's Bay. At six I preached to a numerous congregation,
in the new House at Scarborough. It is plain; and yet is
one of the neatest and most elegant preaching-houses in
England. Now let the people walk worthy of their calling,
and there will be a good work in this place.
Wed. 6.-I went on to Bridlington-Quay; and in the evening
preached in the town, to as stupid and ill-mannered a congrega-
tion as I have seen for many years. Thursday, 7. I preached
at Beverley and Hull, where the House would not near contain
the congregation. How is this town changed since I preached
on the Car! Saturday, 9. I preached at Pocklington and York.
Sun. 10.-Some of Tadcaster informing me that the Minis-
ter was willing I should preach in the church, I went thither
in the morning. But his mind was changed: So I preached
in the street, to a listening multitude, from the Lesson for the
day, on the righteousness which exceeds that of the Scribes
and Pharisees; in the morning and evening at York.
Tuesday, 12, was the Quarterly Meeting. It was a busy,
and yet a comfortable, day. Many were refreshed, both at the
love-feast, and while I was describing the "hundred forty and
July, 1774.:] JOURNAL. 23
four thousand," standing "with the Lamb on mount Sion."
Who is ambitious to be of that number?
Thur. 14.-About nine I preached at Wakefield, and in
the evening at Doncaster. Here also God has a few names.
Friday, 15. About eleven I preached at Thorne, and in the
evening at Rotherham, to a people who both understand and
love the Gospel.
Sat. 16.-I went to Epworth, and preached in the market-
place to a numerous and quiet congregation. Sunday, 17.
About eight I preached at Misterton. The sun shining in
my face was a little troublesome at first; but was soon
covered with clouds. We had an useful sermon at Haxey
church., About one I preached at Overthorpe; and between
four and five, the rain being stayed, I began in Epworth
market-place. Such a congregation never met there before;
and they did not meet in vain.
Mon. 18.-I reached Brigg before eight; and, by the request
of the chief persons in the town, preached at nine in the market-
place, to a large and attentive congregation. Hence I went on
to Tealby, and preached near the church to a multitude of plain,
serioustountry-people: Very different from the wild, unbroken
herd, to whom I preached at Horncastle in the evening.
Tues. 19.-I preached at Louth about noon, and at Grimsby
in the evening. At ten, on Wednesday, 20, I preached at
Wimberton. None of the hearers was more attentive than
an old acquaintance of my father's,-Mr. George Stovin,
formerly a Justice of the peace near Epworth, now as teach-
able as a little child, and determined to know nothing save
Christ crucified. About two I preached in an open place at
Scotter, and in the evening at Owston. One of my audience
here was Mr. Pinder, a contemporary of mine at Oxford.
But any that observed so feeble, decrepit an old man, totter-
ing over the grave, would imagine there was a difference of
forty, rather than two, years between us!
On Friday and Saturday I made a little excursion into
Yorkshire. Sunday, 24. I preached at eight at Gringley-in-
the-Hill, to an huge congregation, among whom I could observe
but one person that was inattentive. Here I received an invi-
tation from Mr. Harvey, to give him a sermon at Tinningley.
I came thither a little before the service began; and the church
was filled, but not crowded. Between three and four I returned
REV. J. WESLEY'S
to Epworth. The congregation there was large last Sunday;
but it was nearly doubled now: And never had we, from the
beginning, a more solemn and affectionate parting.
Mon. 25.-I went on to Sheffield, and on Tuesday met the
select society. But it was reduced from sixty to twenty; and
but half of these remained all that they once received! What
a grievous error, to think those that are saved from sin cannot
lose what they have gained It is a miracle if they do not;
seeing all earth and hell are so enraged against them: While,
meantime, so very few, even of the children of God, skilfully
endeavour to strengthen their hands.
Wed. 27.-About one we reached Leek, in Staffordshire.
I could not imagine who the Quaker should be that had sent
me word he expected me to dinner; and was agreeably sur-
prised to find that it was my old friend, Joshua Strongman,
of Mount-Mellick, in Ireland, whom I had not seen for many
years. I found he was the same man still; of the same open,
friendly, amiable temper: And every thing about him was
(not costly or fine, but) surprisingly neat and elegant. It
began to rain soon after we came in; but the rain stayed
while I was preaching; and it seemed the whole town, rich and
poor, were gathered together, and listened while I explained,
God is a Spirit, and they that worship him must worship him
in spirit and in truth." I preached at Burslem in the evening;
and on. Thursday, 28, in the afternoon, came to Shrewsbury.
Sat. 30.-I went on to Madeley; and in the evening
preached under a sycamore-tree, in Madeley-Wood, to a
large congregation, good part of them colliers, who drank in
every word. Surely never were places more alike, than
Madeley-Wood, Gateshead-Fell, and Kingswood.
Sun. 31.-The church could not contain the congregation,
either morning or afternoon; but in the evening I preached
to a still larger congregation at Broseley; and equally attentive.
I now learned the particulars of a remarkable story, which I
had heard imperfectly before :-Some time since, one of the
colliers here, coming home at night, dropped into a coal-pit,
twenty-four yards deep. He called aloud for help, but none
heard all that night, and all the following day. The second
night, being weak and faint, he fell asleep, and dreamed that his
wife, who had been some time dead, came to him, and greatly
comforted him. In the morning, a gentleman going a hunting,
an hare started up just before the hounds, ran straight to the
mouth of the pit, and was gone; no man could tell how. The
hunters searched all round the pit, till they heard a voice from
the bottom. They quickly procured proper help, and drew up
the man unhurt.
Mon. AUGUST 1.-I preached at Bewdley, in an open place
at the head of the town; and in the evening at Worcester,
which still continues one of the liveliest places in England.
Here I talked with some who believe God has lately delivered
them from the root of sin. Their account was simple, clear,
and scriptural; so that I saw %no reason to doubt of their
Tues. 2.-I preached at ten in the Town-Hall, at Evesham,
and rode on to Broadmarston. Thursday, 4. I crossed over
to Tewkesbury, and preached at noon in a meadow near the
town, under a tall oak. I went thence to Cheltenham. As it
was the high season for drinking the waters, the town was
full of Gentry: So I preached near the market-place in the
evening, to the largest congregation that was ever seen there.
Some of the footmen at first made a little disturbance; but I
turned to them, and they stood reproved.
Sat. 6.-I walked from Newport to Berkeley-Castle. It is
a beautiful, though very ancient, building; and every part
of it kept in good repair, except the lumber-room and thte
chapel; the latter of which, having been of no use for many
years, is now dirty enough. I particularly admired the fine
situation, and the garden on the top of the house. In one
corner of the castle is the room where poor Richard II. was
murdered. His effigy is still preserved, said to be taken
before his death. If he was like this, he had an open, manly
countenance, though with a cast of melancholy. In the
afternoon we went on to Bristol.
The Conference, begun and ended in love, fully employed
me on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday; and we observed
Friday, 12, as a day of fasting and prayer for the success of
Mon. 15.-I set out for Wales, but did not reach Cardiff
till near eight o'clock. As the congregation was waiting in
the Town-Hall, I went thither without delay; and many, I
believe, did not regret the time they had waited there.
Tues. 16.-I preached, about noon, in the great hall at
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Llandaff, on, "It is appointed unto men once to die." Strange
doctrine, and not very welcome to the inhabitants of palaces I
Wed. 17.-At eleven I preached in the Town-Hall, at Cow-
bridge: The neatest place of the kind I have ever seen. Not
only the floor, the walls, the ceiling, are kept exactly clean,
but every pane of glass in the windows.
Hence I hasted on to Swansea, and at seven preached in the
Castle to a large congregation. The next morning I went on
to Llanelly; but what a change was there! Sir Thomas Stepney,
the father of the poor, was dead: Cut down in the strength of
his years So the family was broke up, and Wilfred Colley, his
butler, the father of the society, obliged to remove. Soon after,
John Deer, who was next in usefulness to him, was taken into
Abraham's bosom. But just then Col. St. Leger, in the neigh-
bourhood, sent to Galway for Lieutenant Cook to come and
put his house into repair, and manage his estate. So another
is brought, just in time to supply the place of Wilfred Colley.
I preached at five near sister Deer's door, to a good company
of plain country-people; and then rode over to the old ruinous
house, which Mr. Cook is making all haste to repair. It is
not unlike old Mr. Gwynne's house at Garth, having a few
large handsome rooms. It is also situated much like that; only
not quite so low: For it has the command of a well-cultivated
vale, and of the fruitful side of the opposite mountain.
Fri. 19.-We rode on to Larn-Ferry; and seeing a person
just riding over the ford, we followed him with ease, the water
scarce reaching above our horses' knees. Between two and
three we came to Pembroke.
Sun. 21.-At nine I began the service at St. Daniel's, and
concluded a little before twelve. It was a good time. The
power of the Lord was unusually present, both to wound and
to heal. Many were constrained to cry, while others were
filled with speechless awe and silent love.
After dinner I went over to Haverfordwest, but could not
preach abroad because of the rain. Both here and at Pem-
broke, I found the people in general to be in a cold, dead,
languid state. And no wonder, since there had been for
several months a total neglect of discipline. I did all I could
to awaken them once more, and left them full of good resolu-
tions. Tuesday, 23. I went to the New Inn, near Llandilo;
and on Wednesday, 24, to Brecknock.
Sept. 1774.] JOURNAL. 27
In the evening I preached in the Town-Hall to most of the
Gentry in the town. They behaved well, though I used great
plainness of speech in describing the narrow way.
Thur. 25.-At eleven I preached within the walls of the
old church at the Hay. Here and everywhere I heard the
same account of the proceedings at The Jumpers (all
who were there informed me) were first in the court, and after-
wards in the house. Some of them leaped up many times, men
and women, several feet from the ground: They clapped their
hands with the utmost violence; they shook their heads; they
distorted all their features; they threw their arms and legs to
and fro, in all variety of postures; they sung, roared, shouted,
screamed with all their might, to the no small terror of those
that were near them. One gentlewoman told me, she had not
been herself since, and did not know when she should. Mean-
time the person of the house was delighted above measure, and
said, "Now the power of God is come indeed."
Sat. 27.-Being detained some hours at the Old Passage,
I preached to a small congregation; and in the evening
returned to Bristol.
Mon. 29.-I set out for Cornwall, and preached at Collump-
ton in the evening. I spoke strong words to the honest, sleepy
congregation : Perhaps some may awake out of sleep. Tues-
day, 30. I preached to a far more elegant congregation at
Launceston; but what is that unless they are alive to God?
Wed. 31.-The rain, with violent wind, attended us all the
way to Bodmin. A little company are at length united here.
At their request I preached in the Town-Hall, (the most
dreary one I ever saw,) to a mixed congregation of rich and
poor. All behaved well: And'who knows but some good may
be done even at poor Bodmin ?
In the evening I preached at Redruth. Thursday, SEPTEM-
BER 1, after preaching at St. John's about noon, I went on to
Penzance. When the people here were as roaring lions, we had
all the ground to ourselves; now they are become lambs, Mr.
S- b and his friends step in, and take true pains to make a
rent in the society. But hitherto, blessed be God, they stand
firm in one mind and in one judgment! Only a few, whom
we had expelled, they have gleaned up : If they can do them
good, I shall rejoice. In the evening I took my stand at the
end of the town, and preached the whole Gospel to a listen-
REV. J. WESLEY'S
ing multitude. I then earnestly exhorted the society to
follow after peace and holiness.
Fri. 2.-I preached in the market-place at St. Ives to
almost the whole town. I could not but admire the number
of serious children, as well-behaved as the eldest of the con-
gregation. This was a happy meeting: So was that of the
society too, when all their hearts were as melting wax.
Sat. 3.-We had the Quarterly Meeting at Redruth. This
is frequently a dull, heavy meeting; but it was so lively a one
to-day, that we hardly knew how to part. About six I preached
at Treworgey, and applied closely to the Methodists, What do
ye more than others ?" One cried out," Damnable doctrine !"
True; it condemns all those who hear and do not obey it.
Sun. 4.-The rain drove us into the House at St. Agnes.
At one it was fair; so I preached in the street at Redruth.
But the glorious congregation was assembled at five, in the
amphitheatre at Gwennap. They were judged to cover four-
score yards, and yet those farthest off could hear.
To-day I received the following note:-
"THE sermon you preached last Thursday evening was, by
the grace of God, of great good to my soul. And when you
prayed so earnestly fori backsliders, (of whom I am one,) an
arrow dipped in blood reached my heart. Ever since I have
been resolved, never to rest till I find again the rest that
remains for the people of God.
"I am, dear Sir,
"A vile backslider from the pure love of Jesus,
and from the society at Gwennap,"
Mon. 5.-I preached at Cubert; Tuesday, 6, at Port-
Isaac. Wednesday, 7. Having preached at Camelford and
Launceston, I did not think of preaching at Tavistock; but
finding a congregation waiting, I began without delay. I had
scarce half finished my discourse in the Square at Plymouth-
Dock, when the rain began. At first I did not regard it: But
as it grew heavier and- heavier, I thought it best to shorten
It seems, after a long interval of deadness, God is again
visiting this poor people. The society is nearly doubled
within this year, and is still continually increasing. And
many are athirst for full salvation; particularly the young
men. Friday, 9. I set out early from the Dock; and the
next afternoon reached Bristol.
Fri. 16.-We had a solemn watch-night at Kingswood. It
seemed, every one felt that God was there; so that hardly
any went away till the whole service was concluded.
In the following week I visited many of the country socie-
ties. At Frome I learned the remarkable case of sister
Whitaker. Last Sunday she met her class as usual; and after
saying, "I know that my Redeemer liveth," dropped down,
and in a few minutes, without any struggle or pain, expired.
Tues. 27.-I preached at Freshford and Bradford; Wed-
nesday, 28, at Bath, where many of the people seemed much
moved; chiefly those who had long imagined they were
"built on a rock," and now found they had been "building
upon the sand."
Thur. 29.-I preached at Pill, on the "worm" that "dieth
not, and the fire" that "is not quenched :" If haply some of
these drowsy ones might awake, and escape from everlasting
Mon. OCTOBER 3, and on Tuesday and Wednesday, I
examined the society.
Thur. 6.-I met those of our society who had votes in the
ensuing election, and advised them, 1. To vote, without fee or
reward, for the person they judged most worthy: 2. To speak
no evil of the person they voted against: And, 3. To take care
their spirits were not sharpened against those that voted on
the other side.
Sun. 9.-The evening being fair and mild, I preached in
the new Square. It was a fruitful season:
Soft fell the word as flew the air;
even as the rain into a fleece of wool." Many such seasons
we have had lately: Almost every day one and another has
found peace, particularly young persons and children. Shall
not they be a blessing in the rising generation ? In the even-
ing we had a solemn opportunity of renewing our covenant
with God; a means of grace which I wonder has been so
seldom used either in Romish or Protestant churches !
Mon. 10.-I preached at Salisbury; and on Tuesday, 11,
set out for the Isle of Purbeck. When we came to Corfe-
Castle, the evening being quite calm and mild, I preached in
a meadow near the town, to a deeply attentive congregation,
REV. J. WESLEY'S
gathered from all parts of the island. I afterwards met the
society, artless and teachable, and full of good desires. But
few of them yet have got any farther, than to "see men as
Wed. 12.-I preached to a large congregation at five, who
seemed quite athirst for instruction. Afterwards we took a
walk over the remains of the Castle, so bravely defended in
the last century, against all the power of the Parliament
forces, by the widow of the Lord Chief Justice Banks. It is
one of the noblest ruins I ever saw: The walls are of an im-
mense thickness, defying even the assaults of time, and were
formerly surrounded by a deep ditch. The house, which
stands in the middle, on the very top of the rock, has been a
magnificent structure. Some time since the proprietor fitted
up some rooms on the south-west side of this, and laid out a
little garden, commanding a large prospect, pleasant beyond
description. For awhile he was greatly delighted with it: But
the eye was not satisfied with seeing. It grew familiar; it
pleased no more; andis now run all to ruin. No wonder: What
can delight always, but the knowledge and love of God?
About noon I preached at Langton, three or four miles
from Corfe-Castle, to a large and deeply serious congregation.
Here is likewise a little society; but I did not find any among
them who knew in whom they had believed. In the evening I
preached in a meadow, near Swanage, to a still larger congre-
gation. And here at length I found three or four persons, and
all of one family, who seemed really to enjoy the faith of the
Gospel. Few others of the society (between thirty and forty
in number) appeared to be convinced of sin. I fear the
Preachers have been more studious to please than to awaken,
or therd would have been a deeper work.
The Isle (or properly Peninsula) of Purbeck is nine or ten
miles broad, and perhaps twenty long, running nearly from
north-east to south-west. Two mountains run almost the whole
length, with valleys both between them and on each side, but
poorly cultivated. The people in general are plain, artless,
good-natured, and well-behaved. If the labourers here are
zealous and active, they will surely have a plentiful harvest.
Thur. 13.-I set out early, and reached Gosport, (seventy-
two miles,) not long after six. Finding a boat ready, I crossed,
and went straight to the Room. It was full enough; so I
began without delay, and enforced our Lord's words, (one of my
favourite subjects,) "My yoke is easy, and my burden is light."
Friday, 14. I visited as many as I could, sick or well, and
endeavoured to settle those that had been shaken by those
bigots who are continually waiting to receive the weak unto
doubtful disputations." I had intended, after preaching in the
evening, to meet the society alone; but the eagerness of the
people to stay, induced me to suffer a great part of them. Yet
it was little to their satisfaction; for when I warned our brethren
not to have "itching ears," they ran away in all haste.
Sat. 15.-Setting out (as usual) at two, I reached London
early in the evening. Monday, 17. I set out for Oxfordshire,
and preached at Wallingford in the evening. Tuesday, 18.
About nine I preached at Newnham; at noon, in the garden at
Oxford; and in the evening, at Finstock, (a village near Carn-
bury-house, built by the great Earl of Clarendon, but not inha-
bited by any of his descendants !) to a plain, artless people.
Wednesday, 19. I rode to Witney, and found more life than I
expected, both in the congregation and the society. Thursday,
20. I preached at Wattleton, at the front of Mr. Stonehill's
house. The whole congregation was seriously attentive. In
the evening I preached at High-Wycomb, to many more than
the Room would contain; and I believe not in vain.
Fri. 21.-I preached in Chesham, and on Saturday returned
Mon. 24.-I set out for Northamptonshire, and received a
particular account of one that eminently adorned the Gospel:-
"1. SUSANNAH SPENCER was born at Whittlebury, in the
year 1742. When she was young she contracted a very general
acquaintance, and was exceedingly beloved by them, having an
agreeable person, a good understanding, and much sweetness of
temper; and, being modest and decent in her whole behaviour,
she seemed, like others, to think she had religion enough.
"2. In 1760, Thomas Grover came down, and preached
several times at Whittlebury and at Towcester. She went to
hear him, but with a fixed resolution, 'not to be catched,' as
she called it; but her resolution was vain. In a sermon she
heard at Towcester, she was cut to the heart. Her convictions
grew deeper and deeper from that time, for about a year. She
was then hearing him preach, but felt her heart as hard as the
nether millstone. Yet at the love-feast which followed, it was
suddenly broke in pieces, and she was all melted into tears, by
REV. J. WESLEY'S
those words applied to her inmost soul, in an inexpressible
My God is reconciled,
His pardoning voice I hear!
He owns me for his child;
I can no longer fear.
"3. The day following, being exercised with strong tempta-
tion, she gave up her confidence; but the next night wrestling
with God in prayer, she received it again with double evidence:
And though afterwards she frequently felt some doubts, yet it
never continued long; but she had, in general, a clear, abiding
sense of the pardoning love of God.
"4. From that time she walked steadily and closely with
God, and was a pattern to all around her. She was particularly
exact in reproving sin, and lost no opportunity of doing it. In
her whole conversation she was remarkably lively, and yet
gentle towards all men. Her natural temper indeed was
passionate, but the grace of God left scarce any traces of it.
"5. From the very time of her justification, she clearly
saw the necessity of being wholly sanctified; and found an
unspeakable hunger and thirst after the full image of God;
and in the year 1772, God answered her desire. The second
change was wrought in as strong and distinct a manner as the
first had been. Yet she was apt to fall into unprofitable reason-
ings; by which her evidence was often so clouded, that she
could not affirm she was saved from sin, though neither could
she deny it. But her whole life bore witness to the work
which God had wrought in her heart. She was as a mother
in Israel, helping those that were weak, and tenderly con-
cerned for all; while she sunk deeper into the love of God,
and found more and more of the mind that was in Christ.
"6. In the summer, 1773, she took cold by lying in a damp
bed. This threw her into a violent fever, which not only brought
her very low, but fixed a deep cough upon her lungs, which no
medicine could remove. It quite wore her down; especially
when therewas added the loss of both her sistersand her mother,
who were all taken away within a little time of each other. She
had likewise a continual cross from her father, and was at the
same time tried by the falsehood of those friends in whom she
confided, and whom she tenderly loved. The following year,
1774, she had a presage of her death; in consequence of which,
she was continually exhorting the young women, Betty Pad-
bury in particular, to fill up her place when God should
remove her from them.
"7, In the beginning of winter I* understood, that, weak
as she was, she had not proper nourishment; being unable to
procure it for herself, and having no one to procure it for her;
so I took that charge upon myself; I worked with her in the
day, (for she would work as long as she could move her fin-
gers,) lay with her every night, and took care that she should
want nothing which was convenient for her.
"8. For some time her disorder seemed at a stand, growing
neither better nor worse; but in spring, after she had taken a
quantity of the bark, she was abundantly worse. Her cough
continually increased, and her strength swiftly decayed; so
that before Easter, she was obliged to take to her bed: And
having now a near prospect of death, she mightily rejoiced in
the thought, earnestly longing for the welcome moment; only
still with that reserve, 'Not as I will, but as thou wilt.'
"9. Mr. Harper (the Preacher) took several opportunities
of asking her many questions. She answered them all with
readiness and plainness, to his entire satisfaction. She told
him abundance of temptations which she underwent from
time to time; but still witnessed, that the blood of Christ had
cleansed her from all sin. She often said to us,
The race we all are running now!
And if I first attain,
Ye too your willing heads shall bow;
Ye shall the conquest gain !
"10. Commonly, when I came into her room, I was not
able to speak for a time. She would then say, 'Why do not
you speak ? Why do not you encourage me ? I shall love you
better when we meet in heaven, for the help you give me now.'
"11. In the last week or two, she was not -able to speak
many words at a time; but as she could, with her feeble,
dying voice, she exhorted us to go forward. Yet one day,
some of her former companions coming in, her spirit seemed
to revive; and she spoke to them, to our great surprise, for
near an hour together. They seemed deeply affected; and it
was some time before the impression wore off.
* Elizabeth Padbury.
REV. J. WESLL fS
"12. Her father now frequently came, sat by her bedside,
and expressed tender affection; weeping much, and saying he
should now be quite alone, and have no one left to whom he
could speak. She spoke to him without reserve. He received
every word, and has never forgotten it since.
"13. A few days before she died, after we had been praying
with her, we observed she was in tears, and asked her the reason.
She said, I feel my heart knit to you, in a manner I cannot
express; and I was thinking, if we love one another now, how
will our love be enlarged when we meet in heaven And the
thought was too much for me to bear; it quite overcame me.'
"1.4. On Friday she seemed to be just upon the wing: We
thought she was going almost every moment. So she con-
tinued till Tuesday. We "were unwilling to part with her,
but seeing the pain she was in, could not wish it should con-
tinue; and so gave her up to God. I sat up with her that
night, and the next day, June 7, she fell asleep."
Monday, 31, and the following days, I visited the societies
near London. Friday, NOVEMBER 4. In the afternoon John
Downes (who had preached with us many years) was saying,
"I feel such a love to the people at West-Street, that I could
be content to die with them. I do not find myself very well;
but I must be with them this evening." He went thither, and
began preaching, on, "Come unto me, ye that are weary and
heavy-laden." After speaking ten or twelve minutes, he sunk
down, and spake no more, till his spirit returned to God.
I suppose he was by nature full as great a genius as Sir
Isaac Newton. I will mention but two or three instances of
it:-When he was at school, learning Algebra, he came one
day to his master, and said, "Sir, I can prove this proposi-
tion a better way than it is proved in the book." His master
thought it could not be; but upon trial, acknowledged it to
be so. Some time after, his father sent him to Newcastle
with a clock, which was to be mended. He observed the
clockmaker's tools, and the manner how he took it in pieces,
and put it together again; and when he came home, first
made himself tools, and then made a clock, which went as
true as any in the town. I suppose such strength of genius
as this, has scarce been known in Europe before.
Another proof of it was this :-Thirty years ago, while I was
shaving, he was whittling the top of a stick: I asked, What
are you doing?" He answered, "I am taking your face,
which I intend to engrave on a copper-plate." Accordingly,
without any instruction, he first made himself tools, and then
engraved the plate. The second picture which he engraved,
was that which was prefixed to the "Notes upon the New
Testament." Such another instance, I suppose, not all
England, or perhaps Europe, can produce.
For several months past, he had far deeper communion with
God, than ever he had had in his life; and for some days he
had been frequently saying, "I am so happy, that I scarce
know how to live. I enjoy such fellowship with God, as I
thought could not be had on this side heaven." And having
now finished his course of fifty-two years, after a long conflict
with pain, sickness, and poverty, he gloriously rested from his
labours, and entered into the joy of his Lord.
Tues. 8.-I baptized two young women; one of whom
found a deep sense of the presence of God in his ordinance;
the other received a full assurance of his pardoning love, and
was filled with joy unspeakable.
Sun. 13.-After a day of much labour, at my usual time,
(half-hour past nine,) I lay down to rest. I told my servants,
"I must rise at three, the Norwich coach setting out at four."
Hearing one of them knock, though sooner than I expected,
I rose and dressed myself; but afterwards, looking at my
watch, I found it was but half-hour past ten. While I was con-
sidering what to do, I heard a confused sound of many voices
below; and looking out at the window towards the yard, I saw
it was as light as day. Meantime, many large flakes of fire
were continually flying about the house; all the upper part of
which was built of wood, which was near as dry as tinder. A
large deal-yard, at a very small distance from us, was all in a
light fire; from which the north-west wind drove the flames
directly upon the Foundery; and there was no probability of
help, for no water could be found. Perceiving I could be of
no use, I took my Diary and my papers, and retired to a friend's
house. I had no fear; committing the matter into God's
hands, and knowing He would do whatever was best. Imme.
diately the wind turned about from north-west to south-cast;
and our pump supplied the engines with abundance of water;
so that in a little more than two hours, all the danger was over.
Mon. 14.-In the evening I preached at Bury; Tuesday,
REV. J. WESLEY'S
15, about one at Loddon, to a people the most athirst for God
of any I found in the county. In the afternoon I went on to
Yarmouth. When was "confusion worse confounded?" Divi-
sion after division has torn the once-flourishing society all in
pieces. In order to heal the breach, in some measure, I enforced
those deep words, "Though I have all knowledge and all faith,
so as to remove mountains, and have not love, it profiteth me
nothing." One of our former Leaders being asked what he
thought of this, frankly answered, "It is damnable doctrine."
Thur. 17.-About noon I preached at Lowestoft, where the
little flock are remarkably lively. The evening congregation
at Yarmouth was all attention; and truly the power of God
was present to heal them.
In the evening I returned to Norwich. Never was a poor
society so neglected as this has been for the year past. The
morning preaching was at an end; the bands suffered all to
fall in pieces; and no care at all taken of the classes, so that
whether they met or not, it was all one; going to church and
sacrament were forgotten; and the people rambled hither and
thither as they listed.
On Friday evening I met the society, and told them plain,
I was resolved to have a regular society or none. I then read
the Rules, and desired every one to consider whether he was
willing to walk by these Rules or no. Those in particular, of
meeting their class every week, unless hindered by distance or
sickness, (the only reasons for not meeting which I could
allow,) and being constant at church and sacrament. I desired
those who were so minded to meet me the next night, and the
rest to stay away. The next night we had far the greater
part; on whom I strongly enforced the same thing. Sunday,
20. I spoke to every Leader, concerning every one under his
care; and put out every person whom they could not recom-
mend to me. After this was done, out of two hundred and
four members, one hundred and seventy-four remained. And
these points shall be carried, if only fifty remain in the society.
Mon. 21.-I examined the society at Loddon. There are
near fifty of them, simple and teachable, all of one mind, and
many of them able to rejoice in God their Saviour. Tuesday,
22. I took a solemn and affectionate leave of the society at Nor-
wich. About twelve we took coach. About eight, Wednesday,
23, Mr. Dancer met me with a chaise, and carried me to Ely.
O what want of common sense! Water covered the high-
road for a mile and a half. I asked, "How must foot-people
come to the town ?" Why, they must wade through !"
About two I preached in a house well filled with plain,
loving people. I then took a walk to the cathedral, one of the
most beautiful I have seen. The western tower is exceeding
grand; and the nave of an amazing height. Hence we went
through a fruitful and pleasant country, though surrounded
with fens, to Sutton. Here many people had lately been stirred
up: They had prepared a large barn. At six o'clock it was
well filled ; and it seemed as if God sent a message to every soul.
The next morning and evening, though the weather was uncom-
monly severe, the congregation increased rather than diminished.
Fri. 25.-I left them in much hope that they will continue
in this earnest, simple love.
I set out between eight and nine in a one-horse chaise, the
wind being high and cold enough. Much snow lay on the
ground, and much fell as we crept along over the fen-banks.
Honest Mr. Tubbs would needs walk and lead the horse
through water and mud up to his mid-leg, smiling and say-
ing, "We fen-men do not mind a little dirt." When we had
gone about four miles, the road would not admit of a chaise.
So I borrowed a horse and rode forward; but not far, for
all the grounds were under water. Here therefore I pro-
cured a boat full twice as large as a kneading-trough. I was
at one end, and a boy at the other, who paddled me safe to
Erith. There Miss L- waited for me with another chaise,
which brought me to St. Ives.
No Methodist, I was told, had preached in this town: So
I thought it high time to begin; and about one I preached
to a very well-dressed and yet well-behaved congregation.
Thence my new friend (how long will she be such?) carried
me to Godmanchester, near Huntingdon. A large barn was
ready, in which Mr. Berridge and Mr. Venn used to preach.
And though the weather was still severe, it was well filled
with deeply attentive people. Saturday, 26. I set out early,
and in the evening reached London.
Mon. 28.-I paid a visit to the amiable family at Shoreham,
and found the work of God there still increasing. Wednes-
day, 30. I crossed over to Ryegate, and had a larger con-
gregation than ever before.
RE'V. f. WESLEY'S
Thur. DECEMBER 1.-I preached at Dorking, and was
much pleased with the congregation, who seemed to "taste
the good word." Friday, 2. I returned to London.
Mon. 5.-I preached at Canterbury; and Tuesday, 6, at
Dover. As I was setting out thence on Wednesday morning,
a wagon, jostling us, disabled our chaise. Our coachman
went back to procure another, saying, he would soon overtake
us. He did so after we had walked nine or ten miles, and
brought us safe to Canterbury, where I spent a day or two
with much satisfaction; and on Saturday, returned home.
Mon. 12.-I opened the new House at Sevenoaks. Tuesday,
13. About noon I preached at Newbounds; and in the evening
at Sevenoaks again, where our labour has not been in vain.
Wed. 14.-I rode to Chatham, and found that James Wood,
one of our Local Preachers, who, being in a deep consumption,
had been advised to spend some time in France, had come back
thither two or three days before me. The day after he came
he slept in peace: And two days after, his body was interred,
all our brethren singing him to the grave, and praising God
on his behalf. I preached his funeral sermon to a crowded
audience, on the text which he had chosen: "Let me die the
death of the righteous; and let my last end be like his!"
Monday, 19, and the following days, I read with the
Preachers what I judged most useful: And we endeavoured
to "provoke one another to love and to good works."
Thur. 22.-I walked, with one that belongs to the family,
through the Queen's house. The apartments are nothing so
rich as those in Blenheim House, but full as elegant. Nor is
any thing in Blenheim itself more grand than the staircase and
the saloon. But I was quite disappointed in the Cartoons;
they are but the shadow of what they were: The colours are
so entirely faded, that you can hardly distinguish what they
Sun. 25.-I buried the body of Esther Grimaldi, who died
in the full triumph of faith. "A mother in Israel" hast
thou been; and thy "works shall praise thee in the gates!"
During the twelve festival days, we had the Lord's Supper
daily; a little emblem of the Primitive Church. May we be
followers of them i, all things, as they were of Christ!
Sun. JANUARY 1, 1775.-We had a larger congregation at
the renewal of the Covenant than we have had for many years:
Feb. 1775.] JOURNAL. 39
And I do not know that ever we had a greater blessing.
Afterwards many desired to return thanks, either for a sense
of pardon, for full salvation, or for a fresh manifestation of
his grace, healing all their backslidings.
Tues. 10.-I set out for Bedfordshire, and in the evening
preached at Luton. Wednesday, 11. I crept on through a
miserable road to Bedford, but was well rewarded by the
behaviour of the congregation.
Thur. 12.-We crossed over the country to Godmanchester.
The whole town seemed to be moved. The people flocked
together from all parts, so that the barn would in nowise con-
tain them. I found great liberty of speech among them, and
could not doubt but God would confirm the word of his
Fri. 13.--Even at poor, dead Hertford was such a concourse
of people, that the Room would not near contain them. And
most of them were.deeply attentive while I explained these
awfulwords, "I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God."
Sun. 29.-Finding many were much dejected by the threat-
ening posture of public affairs, I strongly enforced our Lord's
words, Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith?" And of
a truth God spoke in his word. Many were ashamed of
their unbelieving fears; and many enabled to be careful
for nothing," but simply to make all their requests
known unto God with thanksgiving."
Sun. FEBRUARY 5.-1 saw a glorious instance of the power
of faith. Thomas Vokins, a man of a sorrowful spirit, used
always to hang down his head like a bulrush. But a few days
since, as he was dying without hope, God broke in upon his
soul; and from that time he has been triumphing over pain
and death, and rejoicing with joy full of glory.
Wed. 8.-I had a particular conversation with Mr. Ferguson
on some difficulties in philosophy: He seemed throughly satis-
fied himself; but he did not satisfy me. I still think both Mr.
Kennedy and Mr.'Jones have fully proved their several points.
Wed. 22.-I had an opportunity of seeing Mr. Gordon's
curious garden at Mile-end, the like of which I suppose is
hardly to be found in England, if in Europe. One thing in
particular I learned here, the real nature of the tea-tree. I was
informed, 1. That the Green and the Bohea are of quite differ-
ent species. 2. That the Bohea is much tendererthan the Green.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
3. That the Green is an evergreen; and bears, not only in the
open air, but in the frost, perfectly well. 4. That the herb of
Paraguay likewise bears the frost, and is a species of tea. 5.
And I observed that they are all species of bay or laurel. The
leaf of Green tea is both of the colour, shape, and size of a
bay leaf: That of Bohea is smaller, softer, and of a darker
colour. So is the herb of Paraguay, which is of a dirty
green; and no larger than our common red sage.
MARCH 1.-(Being Ash-Wednesday.) I took a solemn leave
of our friends at London; and on Thursday, 2, met our
brethren at Reading. A few were awakened, and perhaps
converted here, by the ministry of Mr. Talbot. But as he
did not take any account of them, or join them together, we
found no trace of them remaining. A large room was pre-
sently filled, and all the spaces adjoining. And I have
hardly ever seen a people who seemed more eager to hear.
Fri. 3.-The mild weather changed into cold and bluster-
ing, with heavy showers of rain; notwithstanding which, we
had a very large congregation at Ramsbury Park. Saturday,
4. At noon I preached to a still larger congregation, in the
new House at Seend: In the afternoon I went on to Bristol;
whence, on Monday, 13, I set out for Ireland.
Tues. 14.-At noon I preached in Tewkesbury, now the
liveliest place in the Circuit. Many here have been lately
convinced of sin, and many converted to God. Some have
been made partakers of the great salvation, and their love
and zeal have stirred up others. So that the flame now
spreads wider and wider. O let none be able to quench it !
In the evening I preached at Worcester. Here also the flame
is gradually increasing. While I was here, there was a very
extraordinary trial at the assizes. A boy being beaten by his
master, ran away; and wandering about till he was half starved,
was then allowed to lie in the hay-loft of an inn.. In the night he
stole into the room where two gentlemen lay; (probably notvery
sober;) and, without waking them, picked the money out of both
their pockets; though their breeches lay under their head. In
the morning, having confessed the fact, he was committed to
gaol. He made no defence: So one of the Counsellors rose up,
and said, My Lord, as there is none to plead for this poor boy,
I will do it myself." He did so, and then added, "My Lord,
it may be this bad boy may make a good man. And I humbly
April, 1775.] JOURNAL. 41
conceive, it might be best to send him back to his master. I
will give him a guinea towards his expenses." "And I will
give him another," said the Judge. Which he did, with a
mild and serious reproof. So he was sent back full of good
Fri. 17.-In the evening, though it was cold, I was obliged
to preach abroad at Newcastle.' One buffoon laboured much
to interrupt. But as he was bawling, with his mouth wide
open, some arch boys gave him such a mouthful of dirt as
quite satisfied him.
On Saturday and Sunday I preached at Congleton and
Macclesfield; Monday, 20, at Stockport and Manchester.
Tuesday, 21. I preached at Knutsford; but the house would
by no means contain the congregation. The street too was
filled; and even those which could not hear were silent.
This is uncommon; especially in a town little accustomed
to this strange way of preaching: Those who cannot hear
themselves usually taking care to hinder others from hearing.
In the evening I opened the new House at Northwich, which
was sufficiently crowded both this night and the next. After
preaching at many places in the way, on Saturday, 25, I
came to Liverpool. The congregations here, both morning
and evening, were so large, and so deeply attentive, that I
could not be sorry for the contrary winds, which detained us
till Thursday, the 30th, when we went on board the Hawk.
We were scarce out of the river, when the wind turned
against us, and blew harder and harder. A rolling sea made
my companions sick enough. But so fine a ship I never
sailed in before. She never shipped one sea, and went more
steady than I thought was possible. On Friday morning it
blew hard; but the next day we had a fair, small wind. So
about six, on Sunday, APRIL 2, we landed at Dunleary; and
between nine and ten reached Whitefriar-Street.
On Monday and Tuesday I examined the society, in which,
two years ago, there were three hundred and seventy-six per-
sons. And I found three hundred and seventy-six still, not
one more or less. But I found more peace and love among
them, than I had done for many years.
Thur. 6.-I visited that venerable man, Dr. Rutty, just tot-
tering over the grave; but still clear in his understanding, full
of faith and love, and patiently waiting till his change should
come. Afterwards I waited on Lady Moira; and was surprised
REV. J. WESLEY'S
to observe, though not a more grand, yet a far more elegant
room, than any I ever saw in England. It was an octagon,
about twenty feet square, and fifteen or sixteen high; having
one window, (the sides of it inlaid throughout with mother-
of-pearl,) reaching from the top of the room to the bottom.
The ceiling, sides, and furniture of the room, were equally
elegant. And must this too pass away like a dream !
Sun. 9.-The good old Dean of St. Patrick's desired me to
come within the rails, and assist him at the Lord's Supper.
This also was a means of removing much prejudice from those
who were zealous for the Church. Monday, 10. Leaving just
four hundred members in the society, I began my tour through
the kingdom. I preached at Edinderry in the evening; on
Tuesday and Wednesday, at Tyrrel's Pass. Thursday, 13.
Sending my chaise straight to Athlone, I rode to Mullingar;
and thence, through miserable roads, to Longford. A large
number of people attended the preaching, both in the evening
and at eight in the morning, being Good-Friday. But I found
very little of the spirit which was here two years ago. About
eleven I preached at Loughan, and in the evening at Athlone.
On Easter-Day I would willingly have preached abroad; but
the weather would not permit. Monday, 17. I preached at
Aghrim; and Tuesday-noon, at Eyre-Court. Afterwards I
was desired to walk down to Lord Eyre's. I was a little
surprised at the inscription over the door, "Welcome to the
house of liberty." Does it mean liberty from sin?
It is a noble old house. The staircase is grand; and so
are two or three of the rooms. In the rest of the house, as
well as in the ruinous outhouses, gardens, and fish-ponds, the
owner seemed to say to every beholder, "All this profiteth
me nothing !"
I preached in the evening at Birr, with a good hope that
God would at length revive his work.
Wed. 19.-About noon I preached in the market-place at
Clara. It was the market-day; but that did not lessen the
congregation. The poor people eagerly flocked from the
market; and there was no buying or selling till I concluded.
After preaching at Coolylough, Tullamore, and Portarling-
ton, (still "unstable as water,") Saturday, 22, I found, at
Mount-Mellick, a little company, who appeared to be better
established. I spent Saturday and Sunday comfortably
among them, building them up in our most holy faith.
Mon. 24.-The Minister of Maryborough inviting me to
preach in his church, I began reading Prayers about nine;
and afterwards preached to a numerous congregation. For
the present, every one seemed affected. Will not some bring
forth fruit with patience ?
In the evening I was scandalized both at the smallness and
deadness of the congregation at Kilkenny. The next even-
ing it was a little mended, but not much. Of all the dull
congregations I have seen, this was the dullest.
Wfed. 26.-I went on to Waterford, where the rain drove
us into the preaching-house,-the most foul, horrid, miserable
hole which I have seen since I left England. The next day
I got into the open air, and a large congregation attended. I
had designed to set out early in the morning; but doubting
if I should ever have such another opportunity, (the Major
of the Highland Regiment standing behind me, with several
of his Officers, many of the soldiers before me, and the sen-
tinel at the entrance of the court,) I gave notice of preaching
at ten the next morning, and at four in the afternoon. I did
so to a well-behaved congregation, and in the evening went
on to Carrick.
Sat. 29.-Early in the evening we reached Rathcormuck,
but found the inn filled with Officers. It is true they were but
five, and there were seven beds; but they had bespoke all, and
would not spare us one So we were obliged to go some miles
further. We drove this day just threescore (English) miles.
Sun. 30.-I came to Cork time enough to preach. The
congregation was not small, and it was not large: But it was
very large in George-Street at four in the afternoon, as well
as deeply attentive. At six I preached in the Room, and
could not but observe such singing as I have seldom heard in
England. The women, in particular, sang so exactly that it
seemed but one voice. Monday, MAY 1. I examined the
society, and found it in such order, so increased both in grace
and number, as I apprehend it had not been before, since the
time of William Pennington.
Wed. 3.-I rode to Bandon, and preached in the main
street to a very numerous congregation. All behaved well,
except three or four pretty gentlemen, who seemed to know
just nothing of the matter.
T found this society likewise much established in grace, and
REV. J. WESLEY'S
greatly increased in number. So has God blessed the labours
of two plain men, who put forth all their strength in his work.
Sat. 6.-I returned to Cork, and in the evening preached
at Blackpool. It rained a little all the time I was preaching,
but the people regarded it not.
Sun. 7.-1 was desired to preach on 1 John v. 7: "There
are three that bear record in heaven." The congregation
was exceeding large; but abundantly larger in the evening.
I never saw the House so crowded before. It was much the
same the next evening. Tuesday, 9. I preached my farewell
sermon in the afternoon; and going to Mallow in the evening,
went on the next day to Limerick.
,Sat. 13.-I preached to a large congregation of Papists
and Protestants, in the yard of the Custom-House, where
many could hear within as well as without.
Mon. 15.-Having waited for a chaise to go to Balligarane
as long as I could, I at length set out on horseback. But T.
Wride loitering behind, I might as well have spared my pains;
for though I came to the town at the time appointed, I could find
neither man, woman, nor child, to direct me to the preaching-
house. After gaping and staring some time, I judged it best
to go to Newmarket, where I was to preach in the evening.
I began about six. The congregation was deeply serious;
great part of whom came again at five in the morning. And
were it only for this opportunity, I did not regret my labour.
Wed. 17.-I examined the society at Limerick, containing
now an hundred and one persons, seven less than they were
two years ago. I a little wonder at this; considering the
scandal of the cross is well nigh ceased here, through the wise
and steady behaviour of our brethren. But they want zeal;
they are not fervent in spirit: Therefore, they cannot increase.
Thur. 18.-In the evening I preached at Galway, in the
county Court-House, to a more civil and attentive congregation
than I ever saw there before.
Fri. 19.-About one I preached at Ballinrobe, in the
assembly-room, and was agreeably surprised, both at the un-
usual number and seriousness of the hearers. I had purposed
to go on to Castlebar, but now thought it might be worth while
to stay a little longer. In the afternoon I took a view of the
Castle. Colonel Cuffe's father took great delight in this place,
laid out beautiful gardens, and procured trees of all sorts, from
all parts of the kingdom. Part of these placed on the slope of
the hill, (at the side of which runs the river,) form a lovely
wilderness, at the end whereof are regular rows of elms. But
the Colonel has no pleasure therein. So all is now swiftly
running to ruin.
I preached again at six, to a large congregation, and the
next evening at Castlebar. Monday, 22. I spent two or three
hours in one of the loveliest places, and with one of the love-
liest families, in the kingdom. Almost all I heard put me in
mind of those beautiful lines of Prior,-
The nymph did like the scene appear,
Serenely pleasant, calmly fair;
Soft fell her words, as flew the air.
How willingly could I have accepted the invitation to spend a
few days here Nay, at present I must he about my Father's
business: But I trust to meet them in a still lovelier place.
Between Limerick and Castlebar, I read over the famous
controversy between Drs. Clarke and Leibnitz. And is this
he whom the King of Prussia extols, as something more than
human? So poor a writer have I seldom read, either as to
sentiments or temper. In sentiment, he is a thorough
fatalist; maintaining roundly, and without reserve, that God
has absolutely decreed from all eternity whatever is done in
time; and that no creature can do more good, or less evil,
than God has peremptorily decreed. And his temper is just
suitable to his sentiments. He is haughty, self-conceited,
sour, impatient of contradiction, and holds his opponent in
utter contempt; though, in truth, he is but a child in his hands.
Wed. 24.-I reached Sligo. My old friend, Andrew Maben,
did not own me. However, a few did; to whom, with a tole-
.rable congregation, I preached at six in the barracks. The
next evening I preached in the market-house, to a far larger
congregation. We seem, by all the late bustle and confusion,
to have lost nothing. Here is a little company as much alive
to God, and more united together than ever.
Fri. 26.-I preached at Manorhamilton, and the next even-
ing near the bridge at Swadlingbar. Knowing a large part
of the congregation to have "tasted of the powers of the
world to come," I spoke on the glory that shall be revealed;
and all seemed deeply affected, except a few Gentry, so called,
who seemed to understand nothing of the matter.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Sun. 28.-I preached at ten to a far larger congregation,
on, "God now commandeth all men everywhere to repent;"
and after church, to a still greater multitude, on, "It is
appointed unto inen once to die."
Mon. 29.-Being desired to give them a sermon at Bel-
turbet, about eight I preached in the Town-Hall. It was not
in vain. God opened, as it were, the windows of heaven, and
showered his blessing down.
I called afterwards at Ballyhays, and spent an hour with that
venerable old man, Colonel Newburgh. It does me good to
converse with those who have just finished their course, and
are quivering over the great gulf. Thence I went on to Clones,
-that is its proper name; not Clownish, as it is vulgarly
called. It is a pleasant town, finely situated on a rising ground,
in the midst of fruitful hills; and has a larger market-place
than any I have seen in England, not excepting Norwich or
Yarmouth. At six I preached in the old Danish fort, to the
largest congregation I have had in the kingdom. The next
morning I preached to a great part of them again; and again
the word sunk "as the rain into the tender herb."
I preached at Roasky at noon, and Sydare in the evening.
Wednesday, 31. I hobbled on, through a miserable road, as
far as wheels could pass, and then rode on to Lisleen. After
dinner, we hastened to Dargbridge, and found a large congre-
gation waiting. They appeared, one and all, to be deeply
serious. Indeed there is a wonderful reformation spreading
throughout this whole country, for several miles round. Out-
ward wickedness is gone; and many, young and old, witness
that the kingdom of God is within them.
Thur. JUNE 1.-I reached Londonderry: But I had so deep
an hoarseness, that my voice was almost gone. However,
pounded garlic, applied to the soles of my feet, took it away
before the morning. JUNE 4. (Being Whitsunday.) The Bishop
preached a judicious, useful sermon, on the blasphemy of the
Holy Ghost. He is both a good writer, and a good speaker;
and he celebrated the Lord's Supper with admirable solemnity.
Hence I hastened to the New-Buildings. The sun was
intensely hot, as it was on Monday and Tuesday. Six such
days together, I was informed, have not been in Ireland for
Mon. 5.-1 examined the society, growing in grace, and
increased in number, from fifty-two to near seventy. Tues-
day, 6. The Bishop invited me to dinner; and told me, "I
know you do not love our hours, and will therefore order
dinner to be on table between two and three o'clock." We
had a piece of boiled beef, and an English pudding. This
is true good breeding. The Bishop is entirely easy and
unaffected in his whole behaviour, exemplary in all parts of
public worship, and plenteous in good works.
Wed. 7.-About noon I preached a few miles from Stra-
bane; in the evening at Lisleen; and the next at Castle-
Caulfield. In the night the rain came plentifully through
the thatch, into my lodging-room. But I found no present
inconvenience, and was not careful for the morrow.
Fri. 9.-I preached at eight to a numerous congregation,
in the market-place at Dungannon; at eleven, and at five in
the afternoon, in the main street at Charlemount. I lodged
at a gentleman's, who showed me a flower, which he called
a Gummy Cystus. It blooms in the morning, with a large,
beautiful, snow-white flower; but every flower dies in the
evening. New flowers blow and fall every day. Does not
this short-lived flower answer to that short-lived animal, the
Sat. 10.-I preached at nine to a large congregation, at
Killeman. The rain began as soon as I concluded; but it
ceased time enough for me to preach in Mr. M'Gough's
avenue, at Armagh.
JUNE 11.-(Being Trinity-Sunday.) I preached at nine on,
"So God created man in his own image;" and in the even-
ing, to an huge congregation. But I could not find the way
to their hearts.
Mon. 12.-Having taken a solemn leave of Armagh, about
eleven I preached at Blackwater; and in the evening at
Clanmain, where many seemed cut to the heart. 0, why
should they heal the wound slightly !
Tues. 13.-I was not very well in the morning, but sup-
posed it would soon go off. In the afternoon, the weather being
extremely hot, I lay down on the grass, in Mr. Lark's orchard,
at Cock-Hill. This I had been accustomed to do for forty
years, and never remember to have been hurt by it: Only I
never before lay on my face; in which posture I fell asleep. I
waked a little, and but a little, out of order, and preached with
REV. J. WESLEY'S
ease to a multitude of people. Afterwards I was a good deal
worse. However, the next day I went on a few miles to the
Grange. The table was placed here in such a manner, that,
all the time I was preaching, a strong and sharp wind blew full
on the left side of my head; and it was not without a good deal
of difficulty that I made an end of my sermon. I now found a
deep obstruction in my breast: My pulse was exceeding weak
and low; I shivered with cold, though the air was sultry hot;
only now and then burning for a few minutes. I went early to
bed, drank a draught of treacle-and-water, and applied treacle
to the soles of my feet. I lay till seven on Thursday, 15, and
then felt considerably better. But I found near the same
obstruction in my breast: I had a low, weak pulse; I burned
and shivered by turns; and, if I ventured to cough, it jarred
my head exceedingly. In going on to Derry-Anvil, I won-
dered what was the matter, that I could not attend to what I
was reading; no, not for three minutes together; but my
thoughts were perpetually shifting. Yet, all the time I was
preaching in the evening, (although I stood in the open air,
with the wind whistling round my head,) my mind was as com-
posed as ever. Friday, 16. In going to Lurgan, I was again
surprised that I could not fix my attention on what I read:
Yet, while I was preaching in the evening, on the Parade, I
found my mind perfectly composed; although it rained a
great part of the time, which did not well agree with my head.
Saturday, 17. I was persuaded to send for Dr. Laws, a sensi-
ble and skilful Physician. He told me I was in a high fever,
and advised me to lay by. But I told him that could not be
done; as I had appointed to preach at several places, and
must preach as long as I could speak. He then prescribed a
cooling draught, with a grain or two of camphor, as my
nerves were universally agitated. This I took with me to
Tanderagee: But when I came there, I was not able to
preach; my understanding being quite confused, and my
strength entirely gone. Yet I breathed freely, and had not
the least thirst, nor any pain, from head to foot.
I was now at a full stand, whether to aim at Lisburn, or to
push forward for Dublin. But my friends doubting whether I
could bear so long a journey, I went straight to Derry-Aghy;
a gentleman's seat, on the side of a hill, three miles beyond
Lisburn. Here nature sunk, and I took my bed. But I could
July, 1775.] JOURNAL. 49
no more turn myself therein, than a new-born child. My
memory failed, as well as my strength, and well nigh my
understanding. Only those words ran in my mind, when I
saw Miss Gayer on one side of the bed, looking at her
mother on the other:-
She sat, like Patience on a monument,
Smiling at grief.
But still I had no thirst, no difficulty of breathing, no pain,
from head to foot.
I can give no account of what followed for two or three days,
being more dead than alive. Only I remember it was difficult
for me to speak, my throat being exceeding dry. But Joseph
Bradford tells me I said on Wednesday, "It will be deter-
mined before this time to-morrow;" that my tongue was
much swollen, and as black as a coal; that I was convulsed
all over; and that for some time my heart did not beat
perceptibly, neither was any pulse discernible.
In the night of Thursday, 22, Joseph Bradford came to me
with a cup, and said, Sir, you must take this." I thought,
I will, if I can swallow, to please him; for it will do me
neither harm nor good." Immediately it set me a vomiting;
my heart began to beat and my pulse to play again; and from
that hour the extremity of the symptoms abated. The next
day I sat up several hours, and walked four or five times across
the room. On Saturday, I sat up all day, and walked across
the room many times, without any weariness; on Sunday, I
came down stairs, and sat several hours in the parlour; on
Monday, I walked out before'the house; on Tuesday, I took
an airing in the chaise; and on Wednesday, trusting in God,
to the astonishment of my friends, I set out for Dublin.
I did not determine how far to go that day, not knowing
how my strength would hold. But finding myself no worse
at Bannbridge, I ventured to Newry; and, after travelling
thirty (English) miles, I was stronger than in the morning.
Thur. 29.-I went on to the Man-of-war, forty (Irish)
miles from the Globe, at Newry. Friday, 30. We met Mr.
Simpson, (with several other friends,) coming to meet us at
Drogheda; who took us to his country seat at James-Town,
about two miles from Dublin.
Tues. JULY 4.-Finding myself a little stronger, I preached
for the first time; and I believe most could hear. I preached
VOL. IV. E
REV. J. WESLEY'S
on Thursday again; and my voice was clear, though weak.
So on Sunday I ventured to preach twice, and found no
weariness at all. Monday, 10. I began my regular course of
preaching, morning and evening.
While I was in Dublin, I read two extraordinary books, but
of very different kinds;-Mr. Sheridan's "Lectures on Elocu-
tion," and The Life of Count Marsav;" and was disappointed
in both. There is more matter in the penny tract, On Ac-
tion and Utterance," abundantly more, than in all Mr. S.'s
book; though he seems to think himself a mere Phenix.
Count Marsay was doubtless a pious man, but a thorough
enthusiast; guided, in all his steps, not by the written word,
but by his own imagination; which he calls the Spirit.
Sun. 23.-I again assisted at St. Patrick's in delivering the
elements of the Lord's Supper. In the evening I embarked in
the Nonpareil; and, about ten on Tuesday morning, landed at
Park-Gate. Wednesday, 26. I found one relic of my illness,
-my hand shook, so that I could hardly write my name. But
after I had been well electrified, by driving four or five hours,
over very rugged, broken pavement, my complaint was removed,
and my hand was as steady as when I was ten years old.
About noon I preached in the shell of the House at Wigan.
In the middle of the sermon, came an impetuous storm
of thunder, lightning, and rain, which added much to the
solemnity of the occasion. Thursday, 27. I went on to
Miss Bosanquet's, and prepared for the Conference. How
willingly could I spend the residue of a busy life in this
delightful retirement But,
Man was not born in shades to lie !
Up and be doing Labour on, till
Death sings a requiem to the parting soul.
Sun. 30.-I preached under Birstal-Hill, and the greater
part of the huge audience could hear while I enforced, "When
the breath of man goeth forth, he turneth again to his dust,
and then all his thoughts perish." I preached at Leeds in
the evening, and found strength in proportion to my work.
Tues. AUGusT 1.-Our Conference began. Having received
several letters, intimating that many of the Preachers were
utterly unqualified for the work, having neither grace nor gifts
sufficient for it, I determined to examine this weighty charge
Aug. 1775.] JOURNAL. 51
with all possible exactness. In order to this, I read those
letters to all the Conference; and begged that every one
would freely propose and enforce whatever objection he had to
any one. The objections proposed were considered at large:
In two or three difficult cases, Committees were appointed for
that purpose. In consequence of this, we were all fully con-
vinced that the charge advanced was without foundation;
that God has really sent those labourers into his vineyard, and
has qualified them for the work: And we were all more
closely united together than we have been for many years.
Fri. 4.-I preached at Bradford, where the people are all
alive. Many here have lately experienced the great salvation,
and their zeal has been a general blessing. Indeed, this I
always observe,-wherever a work of sanctification breaks out,
the whole work of God prospers. Some are convinced of sin,
others justified, and all stirred up to greater earnestness for
I breakfasted at Great-Horton. Two or three of the neigh-
bours then came in to prayer. Quickly the house was filled;
and, a few minutes after, all the space before the door. I saw
the opportunity, and without delay got upon the horse-block, in
the yard. Abundance of children crowded round me, and round
them a numerous congregation. So I gave them an earnest
exhortation, and then commended them to the grace of God.
Sun. 6.-At one I proclaimed the glorious Gospel to the
usual congregation at Birstal, and in the evening at Leeds.
Then, judging it needful to pay a short visit to our brethren
at London, I took the stage-coach, with five of my friends,
about eight o'clock. Before nine, a gentleman in a single-
horse chaise struck his wheel against one of ours. Instantly
the weight of the men at top overset the coach; otherwise,
ten times the shock would not have moved it; but neither
the coachman, nor the men at top, nor any within, were
hurt at all. On Tuesday, in the afternoon, we were met at Hat-
field by many of our friends, who conducted us safe to London.
Having spent a few days in town, on Monday, 14, I set
out for Wales; and Wednesday, 16, reached the Hay.
Being desired to give them one sermon at Trevecka, I turned
aside thither, and on Thursday, 17, preached at eleven to a
numerous congregation. What a lovely place And what a
lovely family! still consisting of about sixscore persons. So
REV. J. WESLEY'S
the good "man is turned again to his dust!" But his
thoughts do not perish.
I preached at Brecon the next day, and on Saturday, 19,
went on to Carmarthen. How is this wilderness become a
fruitful field A year ago I knew no one in this town who
had any desire of fleeing from the wrath to come; and now
we have eighty persons in society. It is true not many of
them are awakened; but they have broke off their outward
sins. Now let us try, whether it be not possible to prevent
the greater part of these from drawing back.
About this time I received a remarkable letter, from one
of our Preachers at West-Bromwich, near Wednesbury. The
substance of it is as follows:-
"August 16, 1775.
"ABOUT three weeks since, a person came and told me,
Martha Wood, of Darlaston, was dying, and had a great
desire to see me. When I came into the house, which, with
all that was in it, was scarce worth five pounds, I found, in
that mean cottage, such a jewel as my eyes never beheld
before. Her eyes even sparkled with joy, and her heart
danced like David before the ark: In truth, she seemed to
be in the suburbs of heaven, upon the confines of glory.
"She took hold of my hand, and said, 'I am glad to see
you; you are my father in Christ. It is twenty years since I
heard you first. It was on that text, Now ye have sorrow:
But I will see you again, and your heart shall rejoice, and
your joy no man taketh from you. In that hour God broke
into my soul, delivered me from all sorrow, and filled my
heart with joy; and, blessed be his name, I never have lost it,
from that hour to this.'
"For the first ten years, she was sometimes in transports
of joy, carried almost beyond herself; but for these last ten
years, she has had the constant witness that God has taken
up all her heart. 'He has filled me,' said she, 'with perfect
love; and perfect love casts out fear. Jesus is mine; God,
and heaven, and eternal glory, are mine. My heart, my very
soul is lost, yea, swallowed up, in God.'
"There were many of our friends standing by her bedside.
She exhorted them all, as one in perfect health, to keep close
to God. 'You can never,' said she, 'do too much for God:
When you have done all you can, you have done too little.
O, who that knows Him, can love, or do, or suffer too much
"Some worldly people came in. She called them by name,
and exhorted them to repent and turn to Jesus. She
looked at me, and desired I would preach her funeral sermon
on those words, 'I have fought the good fight; I have
finished my course; I have kept the faith. Henceforth there
is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord,
the righteous Judge, will give me at that day.'
"She talked to all round about her in as scriptural and
rational a manner as if she had been in her full strength, (only
now and then catching a little for breath,) with all the smiles of
heaven in her countenance. Indeed several times she seemed
to be quite gone; but in a little while the taper lit up again,
and she began to preach, with divine power, to all that stood
near her. She knew every person, and if any came into the
room whom she knew to be careless about religion, she directly
called them by name, and charged them to seek the Lord while
he might be found. At last she cried out, 'I see the heavens
opened; I see Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, with numbers of
the glorified throng, coming nearer and nearer. They are just
come!' At that word, her soul took its flight, to mingle with
the heavenly host. We looked after her, as Elisha after
Elijah; and I trust some of us have catched her mantle."
After making a little tour through Carmarthenshire, Pem-
brokeshire, and Glamorganshire, on Monday, 28, setting out
early from Cardiff, I reached Newport about eight; and soon
after preached to a large and serious congregation. I believe
it is five-and-thirty years since I preached here before, to a
people who were then wild as bears. How amazingly is
the scene changed O what is too hard for God !
We came to the New-Passage just as the boat was putting
off; so I went in immediately. Some friends were waiting for
me on the other side, who received me as one risen from the
dead. The Room at Bristol was throughly filled in the even-
ing; and we rejoiced in Him that heareth the prayer. Having
finished my present business here, on Wednesday, 30, I set
out at three, and at twelve preached in the great Presbyterian
meeting-house in Taunton; and indeed with such freedom and
openness of spirit as I did not expect in so brilliant a congre-
gation. In the evening I preached in the dreary preaching-
REV. J. WESLEY'S
house at Tiverton. The people appeared as dull as the place.
Yet who knows but that many of them may again hear the
voice that raiseth the dead?
On Thursday and Friday I preached at Launceston, Bod-
min, and Truro; on Saturday, in the main street at Redruth,
to the usual congregation, on, "Happy are the people that
have the Lord for their God."
Sun. SEPTEMBER 3.-I preached at eight in St. Agnes
Church-town, on, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou
shalt be saved." A young woman followed me into the house,
weeping bitterly, and crying out, I must have Christ; I will
have Christ. Give me Christ, or else I die !" Two or three of
us claimed the promise in her behalf. She was sodn filled with
joy unspeakable, and burst out, "0 let me die! Let me go to
Him now I How can I bear to stay here any longer?" We
left her full of that peace which passeth all understanding.
About eleven I preached at Redruth; at five in the evening in
the amphitheatre at Gwennap. I think this is the most mag-
nificent spectacle which is to be seen on this side heaven. And
no music is to be heard upon earth comparable to the sound
of many thousand voices, when they are all harmoniously
joined together, singing praises to God and the Lamb.
Mon. 4.-I went on to our friends at St. Ives, many of
whom are now grey-headed, as well as me. In the evening
I preached in the little meadow above the town, where I was
some years ago. The people in general here (excepting the
rich) seem almost persuaded to be Christians. Perhaps the
prayer of their old Pastor, Mr. Tregoss, is answered even to
the fourth generation.
Wed. 6.-About nine I preached at Cararack, and crossed
over to Cubert, where I found my good old friend Mr. Hos-
kins, quivering over the grave. He ventured, however, to
the Church-town, and I believe found a blessing under the,
Thur. 7.-About eleven I preached in the Town-Hall at
Liskeard, to a large and serious congregation. At Saltash
some of our brethren met me with a boat, which brought me
safe to Plymouth-Dock.
Understanding some of our friends here were deeply preju-
diced against the King and all his Ministers, I spoke freely
and largely on the subject at the meeting of the society. God
applied it to their hearts; and I think there is not one of
them now who does not see things in another light.
Fri. 8.-I preached at noon on the quay in Plymouth; in
the evening, in the new Square at the Dock. Many here
seemed to feel the application of those words, "0 thou of
little faith, wherefore didst thou doubt?"
Sat. 9.-I preached in Exeter at four in the afternoon, and
about seven at Collumpton. Sunday, 10. I came to Welling-
ton in an acceptable time; for Mr. Jesse was ill in bed; so
that if I had not come, there could have been no Service,
either morning or evening. The church was moderately filled
in the morning: In the afternoon it was crowded in every
corner; and a solemn awe fell on the whole congregation, while
I pressed that important question, "What is a man profited,
if he should gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?"
Mon. 11.-I preached again in the new meeting at Taun-
ton, to such a congregation as I suppose was never there
before. I was desired to preach on the same text as at Wel-
lington; and it was attended with the same blessing. On
Tuesday I went on to Bristol. On Thursday and Friday, I
preached at Keynsham, Bradford, and Bath; on Tuesday,
19, at Frome; and on Wednesday, at Pensford. Thence I
went on to the lovely family at Publow, a pattern for all the
boarding-schools in England. Every thing fit for a Christian
to learn is taught here; but nothing unworthy the dignity
of the Christian character. I gave a short exhortation to the
children, which they received with eagerness. Many of them
have the fear of God: Some of them enjoy his love.
Thur. 21.-At the earnest request of the prisoner, who was
to die next day, (and was very willing so to do; for, after
deep agony of soul, he had found peace with God,) I preached
at Newgate to him, and a crowded audience; many of whom
felt that God was there. Sunday, 24. I preached abroad in
the afternoon to a lovely congregation. Friday, 29, we
observed as a fast-day, meeting at five, nine, one, and in the
evening: And many found a strong hope, that God will yet
be entreated for a guilty land.
Sun. OCTOBER 1.-The weather favoured us again: I
preached once more abroad, and concluded at the point
where I begun, in opening and strongly applying those words,
"Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved."
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Mon. 2.-I set out early; and, preaching at the Devizes,
Sarum, Winchester, and Portsmouth in my way, on Friday,
6, in the afternoon I returned to London.
Sun. 8.-I preached in Moorfields to a larger congregation
than usual. Strange that their curiosity should not be
satisfied yet, after hearing the same thing near forty years!
Mon. 9.-I preached at Chesham, on the strait gate; and
all that heard seemed affected for the present. Tuesday, 10,
I went on to Wycomb, and was much refreshed by the earnest
attention of the whole congregation. Wednesday, 11. I took
a walk to Lord Shelburne's house. What variety, in so
small a compass A beautiful grove, divided by a serpentine
walk, conceals the house from the town. At the side of this
runs a transparent river, with a smooth walk on each bapk.
Beyond this is level lawn; then the house with sloping gardens
behind it. Above these is a lofty hill; near the top of which is
a lovely wood, having a grassy walk running along, just within
the skirts of it. But can the owner rejoice in this paradise?
No; for his wife is snatched away in the bloom of youth!
Thur. 12.-About noon I preached at Watlington; and in
the evening at Oxford, in a large House formerly belonging to
the Presbyterians. But it was not large enough: Many could
not get in. Such a congregation I have not seen at Oxford,
either for seriousness, or number, for more than twenty years.
I borrowed here a volume of Lord Chesterfield's Letters,
which I had heard very strongly commended. And what did I
learn ?-That he was a man of much wit, middling sense, and
some learning; but as absolutely void of virtue, as any Jew,
Turk, or Heathen that ever lived. I say, not only void of all
religion, (for I doubt whether he believed there is a God, though
he tags most of his letters with the name, for better sound sake,)
but even of virtue, of justice, and mercy, which he never once
recommended to his son. And truth he sets at open defiance:
He continually guards him against it. Half his letters inculcate
deep dissimulation, as the most necessary of all accomplish-
ments. Add to this, his studiously instilling into the young
man all the principles of debauchery, when himself was
between seventy and eighty years old. Add his cruel censure
of that amiable man, the Archbishop of Cambray, (quantum
dispar illi,)* as a mere time-serving hypocrite And this is
What a vast disparity between the two !-EDIT.
the favourite of the age! Whereas, if justice and truth take
place, if he is rewarded according to his desert, his name will
stink to all generations.
Sat. 14.-I preached at Finstock. How many days should
I spend here if I was to do my own will! Not so: I am
"to do the will of Him that sent me, and to finish his
work." Therefore this is the first day I ever spent here:
And perhaps it may be the last.
Sun. 15.-About eight I preached at Witney. I admired
the seriousness and decency of the congregation at church.
I preached at five, on, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thy-
self;" a word that is sufficient to convince all mankind of sin.
In meeting the select society, I was much comforted to find
so few of them losing ground, and the far greater part still
witnessing that the blood of Christ cleanseth from all sin."
Mon. 16.-We had a lovely congregation at five. About
nine I preached at Oxford; in Newnham at one ; and in the
evening at Wallingford. Tuesday, 17. I went over the Downs
to Kingston-lodge; a lone house; yet we had a numerous as
well as serious congregation. In the evening I preached in the
large Room at the poorhouse in Ramsbury. The people flocked
together from every side; and God gave us his blessing.
Wed. 18.-I returned to Newbury. Some of our friends
informed me, there were many red-hot patriots here ;. so I
took occasion to give a strong exhortation, to "fear God, and
honour the King."
Thur. 19.-I preached at Reading; and on Friday, re-
turned to London.
Mon. 23.-I set out for Northamptonshire, and in the even-
ing preached at Towcester. Tuesday, 24. About noon we took
horse for Whittlebury in a fine day: But before we had rode
half an hour, a violent storm came, which soon drenched us from
head to foot. But we dried ourselves in the afternoon, and were
no worse. Wednesday, 25. I preached at Northampton, and on
Thursday noon at Brixworth; a little town about six miles
north of Northampton. I believe very few of the townsmen
were absent, and all of them seemed to be much affected. So
did many at Northampton in the evening, while I described him
" that builds his house upon a rock." Friday, 27. I preached
about noon at Hanslop. In my way I looked over a volume
of Dr. Swift's Letters. I was amazed Was ever such trash
REV. J. WESLEY'S
palmed upon the world, under the name of a great man? More
than half of what is contained in those sixteen volumes, would
be dear at twopence a volume; being all, and more than all, the
dull things which that witty man ever said. In the evening I
preached at Bedford, and the next evening came to London.
Sun. 29.-I visited one who was full of good resolutions,-
if he should recover. They might be sincere, or they might
not: But how far will these avail before God? He was not
put to the trial, how long they would last: Quickly after,
God required his soul of him.
Monday, and the following days, I visited the little societies
in the neighbourhood of London. Saturday, NOVEMBER 11.
I made some additions to the "Calm Address to our Ame-
rican Colonies." Need any one ask from what motive this was
wrote? Let him look round: England is in a flame! A flame
of malice and rage against the King, and almost all that are in
authority under him. I labour to put out this flame. Ought
not every true patriot to do the same ? If hireling writers on
either side judge of me by themselves, that I cannot help.
Sun. 12.-I was desired to preach, in Bethnal-Green church,
a charity sermon for the widows and orphans of the soldiers
that were killed in America. Knowing how many would seek
occasion of offence, I wrote down my sermon. I dined with
Sir John Hawkins and three other gentlemen that are in com-
mission for the peace; and was agreeably surprised at a very
serious conversation, kept up during the whole time I stayed.
Wed. 15.-I preached at Dorking; the next evening at
Ryegate-place, I think, to the largest congregation that I
have seen there. But still I fear we are ploughing upon the
sand: We see no fruit of our labours. Friday, 17. I crossed
over to Shoreham, the most fruitful place in all the Circuit,
and preached in the evening to a people just ripe for all the
Gospel promises, on, "Now, why tarriest thou? Arise, and wash
away thy sins." The next morning I returned to London.
Mon. 20.-I went on to Robertsbridge, and preached to a
deeply attentive congregation. Tuesday, 21. Several were with
us in the evening at Rye, who had never heard a Methodist
sermon before. However, considering the bulk of the congre-
gation, more than an handful of Gentry, I earnestly besought
them not to "receive the grace of God in vain." The next
evening I applied part of the thirteenth chapter of the First
Epistle to the Corinthians. Many were shaken when they
weighed themselves in that balance. May we not be found
wanting in that day !
Thur. 23.-About noon I preached at Cranbrook, and in
the evening at Staplehurst. Friday, 24. I preached at Seven-
oaks, and on Saturday returned to London.
In some of my late little journeys I read Mr. Wraxal's
Travels, in which are several ingenious remarks. But the
account he gives of Count Struenzee is a mistake, from
beginning to end. Struenzee was as bad a man as most
that ever lived. He caused many horrid abuses; but never
reformed, or desired to reform, one. And there was abundant
proof of the crime for which he suffered: Therefore, the
behaviour of King George was exactly right.
Mon. 27.-I set out for Norwich. That evening I preached at
Colchester; Tuesday, at Norwich; Wednesday, at Yarmouth.
About this time I published the following letter in Lloyd's
"I HAVE been seriously asked, 'From what motive did
you publish your Calm Address to the American Colonies?'
"I seriously answer, Not to get money. Had that been my
motive, I should have swelled it into a shilling pamphlet, and
have entered it at Stationers' Hall.
"Not to get preferment for myself, or my brother's chil-
dren. I am a little too old to gape after it for myself: And
if my brother or I sought it for them, we have only to show
them to the world.
"Not to please any man living, high or low. I know man-
kind too well. I know they that love you for political service,
love you less than their dinner; and they that hate you, hate
you worse than the devil.
"Least of all did I write with a view to inflame any: Just
the contrary. I contributed my mite toward putting out the
flame which rages all over the land. This I have more oppor-
tunity of observing than any other man in England. I see
with pain to what an height this already rises, in every part
of the nation. And I see many pouring oil into the flame,
by crying out, 'How unjustly, how cruelly, the King is using
the poor Americans; who are only contending for their
liberty, and for their legal privileges 1'
REV. J. WESLEY'S
"Now there is no possible way to put out this flame, or
hinder its rising higher and higher, but to show that the Ame-
ricans are not used either cruelly or unjustly; that they are not
injured at all, seeing they are not contending for liberty; (this
they had, even in its full extent, both civil and religious;)
neither for any legal privileges; for they enjoy all that their
charters grant. But what they contend for, is, the illegal pri-
vilege of being exempt from parliamentary taxation. A pri-
vilege this, which no charter ever gave to any American colony
yet; which no charter can give, unless it be confirmed both by
King, Lords, and Commons; which, in fact, our colonies never
had; which they never claimed till the present reign: And pro-
bably they would not have claimed it now, had they not been
incited thereto by letters from England. One of these was
read, according to the desire of the writer, not only at the con-
tinental Congress, but likewise in many congregations through-
out the Combined Provinces. It advised them to seize upon all
the King's Officers; and exhorted them, Stand valiantly, only
for six months, and in that time there will be such commotions
in England that you may have your own terms.'
"This being the real state of the question, without any
colouring or aggravation, what impartial man can either
blame the King, or commend the Americans?
"With this view, to quench the fire, by laying the blame
where it was due, the 'Calm Address' was written. I am, Sir,
"Your humble servant,
"As to reviewers, newswriters, London Magazines, and all
that kind of gentlemen, they behave just as I expected they
would. And let them lick up Mr. Toplady's spittle still:
A champion worthy of their cause."
Thur. 30.-I preached at Lowestoft at noon, and Yarmouth
in the evening. Here a gentleman, who came with me from
London, was taken ill (he informed me) of the bloody flux.
This being stopped, I thought his head was disordered; and
would fain have sent him back without delay, offering him
my chaise and my servant to attend him; though I could ill
spare either one or the other. But he could not in anywise
be prevailed on to accept of the proposal. I afterwards heard,
he had been insane before he left London. However, I could
now only make the best of it.
Fri. DECEMBER 1.-After preaching at Loddon, I returned
to Norwich, and procured Mr. --- a lodging in a friend's
house, where I knew he would want nothing. I now again
advised him to go straight to London in my chaise; but it
was lost labour.
Sat. 2.-I procured "the History of Norwich," published but
a few years since. The author shows, that it was built about
the year 418. But it increased in succeeding ages, till it was
more than double to what it is now, having no less than sixty
churches. Its populousness may be indisputably proved, by
one single circumstance:-The first time it was visited with the
sweating-sickness, (which usuallykilled in ten hours,) there died,
in about six months, upwards of fifty-seven thousand persons;
which is a considerably greater number than were in the whole
city a few years ago. He remarks concerning this unaccount-
able kind of plague, 1. That it seized none but Englishmen;
none of the French, Flemings, or other foreigners then in the
kingdom, being at all affected: 2. That it seized upon English-
men in other kingdoms, and upon none else: And, 3. That
the method at last taken was this,-The patient, if seized in
the day-time, was. immediately to lie down in his clothes, and
to be covered up; if in the night-time, he was to keep in
bed; and if they remained four-and-twenty hours without
eating or drinking any thing, then they generally recovered.
In the evening a large mob gathered at the door of the
preaching-house, the captain of which struck many (chiefly
women) with a large stick. Mr. Randal going out to see
what was the matter, he struck him with it in the face. But
he was soon secured, and carried before the Mayor; who,
knowing him to be a notorious offender, against whom one or
two warrants were then lying, sent him to gaol without delay.
Tues. 5.-We set out a little before day, and reached
Lynn in the afternoon. In the evening, the new House
would hardly contain one half of the congregation: And
those who could not get in were tolerably patient, considering
they could hear but a few words.
Wed. 6.-About one, I heard a shrill voice in the street,
calling and desiring me to come to Mr. Going
directly, I found him ill in body, and in a violent agony of
mind. He fully believed he was at the point of death; nor
could any arguments convince him of the contrary. We
REV. J. WESLEY'S
cried to Him who has all power in heaven and earth, and
who keeps the keys of life and death. He soon started up in
bed, and said with a loud voice, "I shall not die, but live."
In the day I visited many of those that remained with us,
and those that had left us since they had learned a new doc-
trine. I did not dispute, but endeavoured to soften their
spirits, which had been sharpened to a high degree. In the
evening the chapel was quite too small: And yet even those
who could not get in were silent: A circumstance which I
have seldom observed in any other part of England.
Thur. 7.-Mr. -- was so thoroughly disordered, that
it was heavy work to get him forward. At every stage, "he
could not possibly go any farther; he must die there." Never-
theless we reached Bury in the afternoon. I preached at seven
to the largest congregation I ever saw there. We used to have
about a dozen at five in the morning. But on Friday, 8, I
suppose we had between forty and fifty. We set out between
six and seven, hoping to reach Burntwood in the evening. But
as we came thither some hours sooner than we expected, I
judged it most advisable to push on: And, the moon shining
bright, we easily reached London soon after six o'clock.
Sat. 9.-In answer to a very angry letter, lately published
in "the Gazetteer," I published the following:-
"To THE REV. MR. CALEB EVANS.
"You affirm, 1. That I once 'doubted whether the
measures taken with respect to America could be defended
either on the foot of law, equity, or prudence.' I did doubt
of these five years, nay indeed five months, ago.
S"You affirm, 2. That I 'declared,' (last year,) 'the Ameri-
cans were an oppressed, injured people.' I do not remember
that I did; but very possibly I might.
"You affirm, 3. That I then 'strongly recommended an
argument for the exclusive right of the colonies to tax them-
selves.' I believe I did; but I am now of another mind.
"You affirm, 4. You say in the Preface, I never saw that
book.' I did say so. The plain case was, I had so entirely
forgotten it, that even when I saw it again, I recollected nothing
of it, till I had read several pages. If I had, I might have
observed that you borrowed more from Mr. P. than I did from
Dr. Johnson. Though I know not whether I should have
observed it, as it does not affect the merits of the cause.
"You affirm, 5. 'You say, But I really believe he was told
so:' and add, 'Supposing what I asserted was false, it is not
easy to conceive what reason you could have for believing I
was told so.' My reason was, I believed you feared God, and
therefore would not tell a wilful untruth; so I made the best
excuse for you which I thought the nature of the thing would
admit of. Had you not some reasons to believe this of me;
and therefore to say, (at least,) 'I hope he forgot it?'
"'But at this time I was perfectly unknown to you.' No, at
this time I knew you wrote that tract; but had I not, charity
would have induced me to hope this, even of an entire stranger.
"You now have my 'feeble reply;' and if you please to
advance any new argument, (personal reflections I let go,)
you may perhaps receive a farther reply from
Your humble servant,
"London, December 9.
"I did not see your letter till this morning."
Mon. 11.-I began a little journey into Kent. In the even-
ing I preached at Chatham, the next evening at Canterbury.
I know not that ever I saw such a congregation there before.
Tuesday, 12. I preached at Dover. As many as could,
squeezed into the House, and the rest went quietly away.
Thur. 14.-I returned to Canterbury, and had a long con-
versation with that extraordinary man, Charles Perronet.
What a mystery of Providence! Why is such a saint as
this buried alive by continual sickness? In the evening we
had a larger congregation than before. I never saw the
House thoroughly filled till now: And I am sure the people
had now a call from God, whether they will hear or whether
they will forbear.
Fri. 15.-In the evening I preached at Chatham, and on
Saturday returned to London. In the evening I preached a
kind of funeral sermon at Snowsfields, for that upright woman,
Jane Binknell. For many years she was a pattern of all holi-
ness; and, for the latter part of her life, of patience. Yet as she
laboured under an incurable and painful disorder, which allowed
her little rest, day or night, the corruptible body pressed down
the soul, and frequently occasioned much heaviness. But,
REV. J. WESLEY'S JOURNAL.
before she went, the clouds dispersed, and she died in sweet
peace; but not in such triumphant joy as did Ann Davis, two
or three weeks before. She died of the same disorder; but
had withal, for some years, racking pains in her head day and
night, which in a while rendered her stone-blind. Add to this,
that she had a kind husband; who was continually reproach-
ing her for living so long, and cursing her for not dying out
of the way. Yet in all this she did not "charge God
foolishly;" but meekly waited till her change should come.
To-day I read Dr. Beattie's Poems; certainly one of the
best Poets of the age.- He wants only the ease and simplicity
of Mr. Pope.-I know one, and only one, that has it.
Mon. 18.-I took another little journey, and in the evening
preached at Bedford. Tuesday, 19. I dragged on, through
miserable roads, to St. Neot's, and preached in a large room
to a numerous congregation. Understanding that almost all
the Methodists, by the advice of Mr. -, had left the church,
I earnestly exhorted them to return to it. In the evening I
preached at Godmanchester.
Wed. 20.-I preached at Luton; the next evening, at
Hertford; and on Friday morning, returned to London.
This day we observed as a day of fasting and prayer, and
were much. persuaded God will yet be entreated.
Thur. 21.-I revised a volume of Latin Poems, wrote by a
gentleman of Denmark. I was surprised. Most of the verses
are not unworthy of the Augustan age. Among the rest, there
is a translation of two of Mr. Pope's Epistles, line for line.
And yet, in language, not only as pure as Virgil's, but as
Tues. JANUARY 2, 1776.-Being pressed to pay a visit to
our brethren at Bristol, some of whom had been a little un-
settled by the patriots, so called, I set out early; but the roads
were so heavy, that I could not get thither till night. I came
just time enough, not to see, but to bury, poor Mr. Hall, my
brother-in-law, who died on Wednesday morning; I trust, in
peace; for God had given him deep repentance. Such another
monument of divine mercy, considering how low he had fallen,
and from what height of holiness, I have not seen, no, not in
seventy years I had designed to visit him in the morning;
but he did not stay for my coming. It is enough, if, after all
his wanderings, we meet again in Abraham's bosom.
REV. MR. JOHN WESLEY'S JOURNAL.
FROM JANUARY 1, 1776, TO AUGUST 8, 1779.
FROM JANUARY 1, 1776, TO AUGUST 8, 1779.
JANUARY 1, 1776.-About eighteen hundred of us met
together in London, in order to renew our covenant with
God; and it was, as usual, a very solemn opportunity.
Tues. 2.-I set out for Bristol. Between London and
Bristol, I read over that elegant trifle, "The Correspondence
between Theodosius and Constantia." I observed only one
sentiment which I could not receive, that "youth is the only
possible time for friendship; because every one has at first a
natural store of sincerity and benevolence; but as in process
of time men find every one to be false and self-interested,
they conform to them more and more, till, in riper years, they
have neither truth nor benevolence left." Perhaps it may be
so with all that know not God; but they that do, escape "the
corruption that is in the world;" and increase both in sincerity
and in benevolence, as they grow in the knowledge of Christ.
Sat. 6.-I returned to London; and I returned just in
time; for on Sunday, 7, the severe frost set in, accompanied
with so deep a snow, as made even the high road impassable.
For some days before the frost broke up, it was observed, by
means of the thermometer, that the cold was several degrees
more intense than that in the year 1741. But God then
removed the cup from us, by a gentle, gradual thaw.
Sun. 14.-As I was going to West-Street chapel, one of
the chaise-springs suddenly snapped asunder; but the horses
instantly stopping, I stepped out without the least incon-
At all my vacant hours in this and the following week, I
endeavoured to finish the Concise History of England." I
am sensible it must give offence, as in many parts I am quite
singular; particularly with regard to those greatly injured
characters, Richard III., and Mary Queen of Scots. But I
must speak as I think; although still waiting for, and willing
to receive, better information.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Sun. 28.-I was desired to preach a charity sermon in All-
hallows church, Lombard-Street. In the year 1735, about
forty years ago, I preached in this church, at the earnest request
of the Churchwardens, to a numerous congregation, who came,
like me, with an intent to hear Dr. Heylyn. This was the first
time that, having no notes about me, I preached extempore.
Wed. FEBRUARY 14.-I preached at Shoreham. How is the
last become first No society in the county grows so fast as
this, either in grace or number. The chief instrument of this
glorious work is Miss Perronet, a burning and a shining light.
Fri. 23.-I looked over Mr. Bolt's Considerations on the
Affairs of India." Was there ever so melancholy a picture?
How are the mighty fallen! The Great Mogul, Emperor of
Hindostan, one of the mightiest Potentates on earth, is
become a poor, little, impotent slave to a Company of Mer.
chants! His large, flourishing empire is broken in pieces
and covered with fraud, oppression, and misery And we
may call the myriads that have been murdered happy, in
comparison of those that still groan under the iron yoke.
Wilt not thou visit for these things, O Lord? Shall the fool
still say in his heart, "There is no God?"
Sun. 25.-I buried the remains of William Evans, one of
the first members of our Society. He was an Israelite indeed,
open (if it could be) to a fault; always speaking the truth
from his heart. Wednesday, 28. I looked over a volume of
Lord Lyttelton's Works. He is really a fine writer, both in
verse and prose, though he believed the Bible; yea, and
feared God In my scraps of time I likewise read over Miss
Talbot's Essays; equal to any thing of the kind I ever saw.
She was a woman of admirable sense and piety, and a far
better poet than the celebrated Mrs. Rowe. But here too
Heaven its choicest gold by torture tried !
After suffering much, she died of a cancer in her breast.
Fri. MARCH 1.-As we cannot depend on having the Foun.
dery long, we met to consult about building a new chapel. Our
petition to the City for a piece of ground lies before their Com.
mittee; but when we shall get any farther, I know not: Sol
determined to begin my circuit as usual; but promised to return
whenever I should receive notice that our petition was granted.
On Sunday evening I set out, and on Tuesday reached
Bristol. In the way I read over Mr. Boehm's Sermons,
Chaplain to Prince George of Denmark, husband to Queen
Anne. He was a person of very strong sense, and, in general,
sound in his judgment. I remember hearing a very remark-
able circumstance concerning him, from Mr. Fraser, then
Chaplain to St. George's Hospital. "One day," said he, "I
asked Mr. BoEhm, with whom I was intimately acquainted,
'Sir, when you are surrounded by various persons, listening
to one, and dictating to another, does not that vast hurry of
business hinder your communion with God?' He replied,
'I bless God, I have just then as full communion with him,
as if I was kneeling alone at the altar.'"
Wed. 6.-I went down to Taunton, and at three in the
afternoon opened the new preaching-house. The people
showed great eagerness to hear. Will they at length know
the day of their visitation ? Thursday, 7. I returned to Bris-
tol; which I left on Monday, 11; and having visited Stroud,
Painswick, and Tewkesbury, on Wednesday, 20, came to
Worcester. Thursday, 21. I was much refreshed among this
loving people; especially by the select society, the far greater
part of whom could still witness that God had saved them
from inward as well as outward sin.
Sat. 23.-About noon I preached in the Town-Hall at
Evesham, to a congregation of a very different kind. Few of
them, I doubt, came from any other motive than to gratify
their curiosity. However, they were deeply attentive; so that
some of them, I trust, went away a little wiser than they came.
I had been informed that Mr. Weston, the Minister of
Campden, was willing I should preach in his church; hut,
before I came, he had changed his mind. However, the
Vicar of Pebworth was no weathercock; so I preached in his
church, Sunday, 24, morning and evening; and, I believe,
not in vain.
Mon. 25.-I went on to Birmingham. I was surprised to
hear that a good deal of platina was used there; but, upon
inquiry, I found it was not the true platina, an original metal
between gold and silver, (being in weight nearest to gold,
even as eighteen to nineteen,) but a mere compound of brass
Wed. 27.-I preached at Dudley, in the midst of Antino-
mians and backsliders, on, We beseech you not to receive the
REV. J. WESLEY'S
grace of God in vain." In the evening I preached to our old
flock at Wednesbury; and the old spirit was among them.
Fri. 29.-About eight I preached to averylarge congregation
even at Wolverhampton; and at six in the evening, to a mixed
multitude in the market-place at Newcastle-under-Lyne. All
were quiet now; the gentleman who made a disturbance when
I was here last having been soon after called to his account.
Sun. 31.-I preached at Congleton. The Minister here
having much disobliged his parishioners, most of the Gentry
in the town came to the preaching, both at two in the after-
noon, and in the evening; and it was an acceptable time: I
believe very few, rich or poor, came in vain.
Mon. APRIL 1.-I went on to Macclesfield. That evening
I preached in the House; but it being far too small, on
Tuesday, 2, I preached on the Green, near Mr. Ryle's door.
There are no mockers here, and scarce an inattentive hearer.
So mightily has the word of God prevailed!
Wed. 3.-Having climbed over the mountains, I preached
at the New-Mills, in Derbyshire. The people here are quite
earnest and artless, there being no public worship in the
town but at our chapel: So that they go straight forward,
knowing nothing of various opinions, and minding nothing
but to be Bible-Christians.
Thur. 4.-I began an answer to that dangerous Tract, Dr.
Price's "Observations upon Liberty;" which, if practised,
would overturn all government, and bring in universal anarchy.
On Easter-Day the preaching-house at Manchester contained
the congregation pretty well at seven in the morning; but in
the afternoon I was obliged to be abroad, thousands upon thou-
sands flocking together. I stood in a convenient place, almost
over against the Infirmary, and exhorted a listening multitude
to "live unto Him who died for them and rose again."
Tues. 9.-I came to Chester, and had the satisfaction to
find an earnest, loving, well-established people.
Wed. 10.-In the evening, the House at Liverpool was
well filled with people of all ranks.
Fri. 12.-I visited one formerly a Captain, now a dying sin-
ner. His eyes spoke the agony of his soul; his tongue hav-
ing well nigh forgot its office. With great efforts he could
but just say, I want-Jesus Christ !" The next day he could
not utter a word; but if he could not speak, God could hear.
Mon. 15.-About noon I preached in the new House at
Wigan, to a very quiet and very dull congregation. But con-
sidering what the town was some years ago, wicked even to a
proverb, we may well say, God hath done great things already.
And we hope to see greater things than these. In the even-
ing I was obliged to preach abroad at Bolton, though the air
was cold, and the ground wet. Tuesday, 16. I preached
about noon at Chowbent, once the roughest place in all the
neighbourhood. But there is not the least trace of it
- remaining : Such is the fruit of the genuine Gospel.
As we were considering in the afternoon what we should do.
the rain not suffering us to be abroad, one asked the Vicar for
the use of the church; to which he readily consented. I began
reading Prayers at half-hour past five. The church was so
crowded, pews, alleys, and galleries, as I believe it had not
been these hundred years; and God bore witness to his word.
Wed. 17.-After preaching at Bury about noon, I went on
to Rochdale, and preached in the evening to a numerous and
deeply serious congregation. Thursday, 18. I clambered over
the horrid mountains to Todmorden, and thence to Hepton-
stall, on the brow of another mountain. Such a congrega-
tion scarce ever met in the church before. In the evening I
preached in the Croft, adjoining to the new House at Halifax.
Fri. 19.-I preached at Smith-House, for the sake of that
lovely woman, Mrs. Holmes. It does me good to see her; such
is her patience, or, rather, thankfulness, under almost continual
pain. Sunday, 21. After strongly insisting at Daw-Green on
family religion, which is still much wanting among us, I has-
tened to Birstal church, where we had a sound, practical ser-
mon. At one I preached to many thousands at the foot of
the hill, and to almost as many at Leeds in the evening.
Mon. 22.-I had an agreeable conversation with that good
man, Mr. O-- that he may be an instrument of removing
the prejudices which have so long separated chief friends!
Tues. 23.-I preached in the press-yard at Rothwell, and
have seldom seen a congregation so moved. I then spoke
severally to the class of children, and found every one of
them rejoicing in the love of God. It is particularly remark-
able, that this work of God among them is broke out all at
once; they have all been justified, and one clearly sanctified,
within these last six weeks.
REV. J. WESLEY'S ,
Wed. 24.-I went on to Otley, where the word of God
has free course, and brings forth much fruit. This is chiefly
owing to the spirit and behaviour of those whom God has
perfected in love. Their zeal stirs up many; and their steady
and uniform conversation has a language almost irresistible.
Friday, 26. I preached in the new chapel at Eccleshall, to
a people just sprung out of the dust, exceeding artless and
exceeding earnest; many of whom seemed to be already saved
from sin. 0, why do we not encourage all to expect this
blessing every hour, from the moment they are justified In
the evening I preached at Bradford, on the Wise Man that
builds his house upon a rock; that is, who builds his hope of
heaven on no other foundation than doing these sayings con-
tained in the Sermon on the Mount; although, in another
sense, we build not upon his sayings, but his sufferings.
Sat. 27.-I preached in the church at Bingley; perhaps
not so filled before for these hundred years. Sunday, 28.
The congregation at Haworth was far greater than the church
could contain. For the sake of the poor parishioners, few
of whom are even awakened to this day, I spoke as strongly
as I possibly could upon these words, "The harvest is past,
the summer is ended, and we are not saved."
The church at Colne is, I think, at least twice as large as
that at Haworth. But it would not in any wise contain the
congregation. I preached on, "I saw a great white throne
coming down from heaven." Deep attention sat on every
face; and, I trust, God gave us his blessing.
Mon. 29.-About tvo I preached at Padiham, in a broad
street, to a huge congregation. I think the only inattentive
persons were, the Minister and a kind of gentleman. I saw
none inattentive at Clough in the evening. What has God
wrought, since Mr. Grimshaw and I were seized near this place
by a furious mob, and kept prisoners for some hours The
sons of him who headed that mob now gladly receive our saying.
Tues. 30.-In the evening I preached in a kind of Square,
at Colne, to a multitude of people, all drinking in the word.
I scarce ever saw a congregation wherein men, women,
and children stood in such a posture: And this in the town
wherein, thirty years ago, no Methodist could show his head!
The first that preached here was John Jane, who was inno-
cently riding through the town, when the zealous mob pulled
him off his horse, and put him in the stocks. He seized the
opportunity, and vehemently exhorted them "to flee from the
wrath to come."
Wed. MAY 1.-I set out early, and the next afternoon
reached Whitehaven; and my chaise-horses were no worse
for travelling near a hundred and ten miles in two days.
In travelling through Berkshire, Oxfordshire, Bristol,
Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, Warwickshire, Staffordshire,
Cheshire, Lancashire, Yorkshire, Westmoreland, and Cum-
berland, I diligently made two inquiries: The first was, con-
cerning the increase or decrease of the people; the second,
concerning the increase or decrease of trade. As to the
latter, it is, within these two last years, amazingly increased;
in several branches in such a manner as has not been known
in the memory of man: Such is the fruit of the entire civil
and religious liberty which all England now enjoys And as
to the former, not only in every city and large town, but in
every village and hamlet, there is no decrease, but a very large
and swift increase. One sign of this is the swarms of little
children which we see in every place. Which, then, shall we
most admire, the ignorance or confidence of those that affirm,
population decreases in England ? I doubt not but it increases
full as fast here, as in any province of North America.
Mon. 6.-After preaching at Cockermouth and Wigton, I
went on to Carlisle, and preached to a very serious congrega-
tion. Here I saw a very extraordinary genius, a man blind
from four years of age, who could wind worsted, weave flowered
plush on an engine and loom of his own making; who wove
his own name in plush, and made his own clothes, and his
own tools of every sort. Some years ago, being shut up in the
organ-loft at church, lie felt every part of it, and afterwards
made an organ for himself, which, judges say, is an exceeding
good one. He then taught himself to play upon it psalm-
tunes, anthems, voluntaries, or anything which he heard. I
heard him play several tunes with great accuracy, and a cor
plex voluntary: I suppose all Europe can hardly produce such
another instance. His name is Joseph Strong. But what is he
the better for all this, if he is still "without God in the world?"
Tues. 7.-I went on to Selkirk. The family came to prayer
in the evening, after which the mistress of it said, Sir, my
daughter Jenny would be very fond of having a little talk with
REV. J. WESLEY'S
you. She is a strange lass; she will not come down on the
Lord's day but to public worship, and spends all the rest of the
day in her own chamber." I desired she would come up;
and found one that earnestly longed to be altogether a Chris-
tian. I satisfied her mother that she was not mad; and
spent a little time in advice, exhortation, and prayer.
Wed. 8.-We set out early, but found the air so keen,
that before'noon our hands bled as if cut with a knife. In
the evening I preached at Edinburgh; and the next evening
near the river-side in Glasgow.
Fri. 10.-I went to Greenock. It being their fast-day
before the sacrament, (ridiculously so called, for they do not
fast at all, but take their three meals, just as on other days,)
the congregation was larger than when I was here before, and
remarkably attentive. The next day I returned to Glasgow,
and on Sunday, 12, went in the morning to the high-kirk, (to
show I was no bigot,) and in the afternoon to the Church of
England chapel. The decency of behaviour here surprises me
more and more. I know nothing like it in these kingdoms,
except among the Methodists. In the evening the congre-
gation by the river-side was exceeding numerous; to whom
I declared "the whole counsel of God." Monday, 13. I
returned to Edinburgh, and the next day went to Perth,
where (it being supposed no house would contain the congre-
gation) I preached at six on the South-Inch, though the wind
was cbld and boisterous. Many are the stumbling-blocks
which have been laid in the way of this poor people. They
are removed; but the effects of them still continue.
Wed. 15.-I preached at Dundee, to nearly as large a con-
gregation as that at Port-Glasgow. Thursday, 16. I attended
an Ordination at Arbroath. The Service lasted about four
hours; but it did not strike me. It was doubtless very
grave; but I thought it was very dull.
Fri. 17.-I reached Aberdeen in good time. Saturday, 18.
I read over Dr. Johnson's Tour to the Western Isles." It is
a very curious book, wrote with admirable sense, and, I think,
great fidelity; although, in some respects, he is thought to bear
hard on the nation, which I am satisfied he never intended.
Sunday, 19. I attended the Morning Service at the kirk, full
as formal as any in England; and no way calculated either to
awaken sinners, or to stir up the gift of God in believers. In
May, 1776.] JOURNAL. 75
the afternoon I heard a useful sermon in the English chapel;
and was again delighted with the exquisite decency both of the
Minister and the whole congregation. The Methodist congre-
gations come the nearest to this; but even these do not come
up to it. Our House was sufficiently crowded in the evening;
but some of the hearers did not behave like those at the chapel.
Mon. 20.-I preached about eleven at Old Meldrum, but
could not reach Banff till near seven in the evening. I went
directly to the Parade, and proclaimed, to a listening multi-
tude, "the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ." All behaved
well but a few Gentry, whom I rebuked openly; and they
After preaching, Mrs. Gordon, the Admiral's widow, invited
me to supper. There I found five or six as agreeable women
as I have seen in the kingdom; and I know not when I have
spent two or three hours with greater satisfaction. In the
morning I was going to preach in the assembly-room, when
the Episcopal Minister sent and offered me the use of his
chapel. It was quickly filled. After reading prayers, I
preached on those words in the Second Lesson, What lack
I yet?" and strongly applied them to those in particular
who supposed themselves to be rich and increased in goods,
and lacked nothing." I then set out for Keith.
Banff is one of the neatest and most elegant towns that I have
seen in Scotland. It is pleasantly situated on the side of a hill,
sloping from the sea, though close to it; so that it is sufficiently
sheltered from the sharpest winds. The streets are straight and
broad. I believe it may be esteemed the fifth, if not the
fourth, town in the kingdom. The county quite from Banff
to Keith is the best peopled of any I have seen in Scotland.
This is chiefly, if not entirely, owing to the late Earl of Find-
later. He was indefatigable in doing good, took pains to pro-
cure industrious men from all parts, and to provide such little
settlements for them as enabled them to live with comfort.
About noon I preached at the New-Mills, nine miles from
Banff, to a large congregation of plain, simple people. As we
rode in the afternoon the heat overcame me, so that I was weary
and faint before we came to Keith; but I no sooner stood up in
the market-place than I forgot my weariness; such were the
seriousness and attention of the whole congregation, though as
numerous as that at Banff. Mr. Gordon, the Minister of the
REV. J. WESLEY'S
parish, invited me to supper, and told me his kirk was at my
service. A little society is formed here already; and is in a
fair way of increasing. But they were just now in danger of
losing their preaching-house, the owner being determined to
sell it. I saw but one way to secure it for them, which was to
buy it myself. So (who would have thought it?) I bought an
estate, consisting of two houses, a yard, a garden, with three
acres of good land. But he told me flat, Sir, I will take no
less for it than sixteen pounds ten shillings, to be paid, part
now, part at Michaelmas, and the residue next May."
Here Mr. Gordon showed me a great curiosity. Near the
top of the opposite hill, a new town is built, containing, I
suppose, a hundred houses, which is a town of beggars.
This, he informed me, was the professed, regular occupation
of all the inhabitants. Early in spring they all go out, and.
spread themselves over the kingdom; and in autumn they
return, and do what is requisite for their wives and children.
Wed. 22.-The wind turning north, we stepped at once from
June to January. About one I preached at Inverury, to a
plain, earnest, loving people, and before five came to Aberdeen.
Thursday, 23. I read over Mr. Pennant's "Journey through
Scotland;" a lively as well as judicious writer. Judicious, I
mean, in most respects; but I cannot give up to all the Deists
in Great Britain the existence of witchcraft, till I give up the
credit of all history, sacred and profane. And at the present
time, I have not only as strong, but stronger proofs of this,
from eye and ear witnesses, than I have of murder; so that I
cannot rationally doubt of one any more than the other.
Fri. 24.-I returned to Arbroath, and lodged at Provost
Grey's. So, for a time, we are in honour! I have hardly seen
such another place in the three kingdoms, as this is at present.
Hitherto there is no opposer at all, but every one seems to bid
us God-speed! Saturday, 25. I preached at Westhaven (a
town of fishermen) about noon; and at Dundee in the evening.
Sunday, 26. I went to the new church, cheerful, lightsome
and admirably well finished. A young gentleman preached
such a sermon, both for sense and language, as I never heard
in North-Britain before; and I was informed his life is as his
preaching. At five we had an exceeding large congregation;
and the people of Dundee, in general, behave better at pub-
lic worship than any in the kingdom, except the Methodists,
and those at the Episcopal chapels. In all other kirks the
bulk of the people are bustling to and fro before the Minister
has ended his prayer. In Dundee all are quiet, and none stir
at all till he has pronounced the blessing.
Mon. 27.-I paid a visit to St. Andrew's, once the largest
city in the kingdom. It was eight times as large as it is now,
and a place of very great trade: But the sea rushing from the
north-east, gradually destroyed the harbour and trade together:
In consequence of which, whole streets (that were) are now
meadows and gardens. Three broad, straight, handsome
streets remain, all pointing at the old cathedral; which, by
the ruins, appears to have been above three hundred feet
long, and proportionably broad and high: So that it seems to
have exceeded York Minster, and to have at least equalled
any cathedral in England. Another church, afterwards used
in its stead, bears date 1124. A steeple, standing near the
cathedral, is thought to have stood thirteen hundred years.
What is left of St. Leonard's College is only a heap of ruins.
Two Colleges remain. One of them has a tolerable Square;
but all the windows are broke, like those of a brothel. We
were informed, the students do this before they leave the
College. Where are their blessed Governors in the mean
time ? Are they all fast asleep ? The other College is a mean
building, but has a handsome library newly erected. In the
two Colleges, we learned, were about seventy students; near
the same number as at Old-Aberdeen. Those at New-
Aberdeen are not more numerous: Neither those at Glasgow.
In Edinburgh, I suppose there are a hundred. So four Uni-
versities contain three hundred and ten students! These all
come to their several Colleges in November, and return home
in May! So they may study five months in the year, and
lounge all the rest! 0 where was the common sense of those
who instituted such Colleges? In the English Colleges, every
one may reside all the year, as all my pupils did: And I should
have thought myself little better than a highwayman, if I had
not lectured them every day in the year, but Sundays.
We were so long detained at the Passage, that I only
reached Edinburgh time enough to give notice of my preach-
ing the next day. After preaching at Dunbar, Alnwick, and
Morpeth, on Saturday, JUNE 1, I reached Newcastle.
Mon, 3.-I visited Sunderland, where the society then con-
REV. J. WESLEY'S
trained three hundred and seventy-two members. Thursday, 6.
I preached at Darlington and Barnard-Castle: On Friday, in
Teesdale and Weardale. Here many rejoiced with joy un-
speakable, and seemed determined never to rest till they had
recovered that great salvation which they enjoyed some years
ago. Saturday, 8. As we rode to Sheep-Hill, we saw and
heard at a distance, much thunder, and rain, and lightning.
The rain was before and behind, and on each side: But none
fell upon us. About six, I preached at Sheep-Hill. It rained
hard very near us; but not a drop came upon us. After
eight, I reached Newcastle, thoroughly tired. But a night's
rest set me up again. On Monday and Tuesday I met the
classes. I left three hundred and seventy-four in the society,
and I found about four hundred: And I trust they are more
established in the "faith that worketh by love."
While I was here, I talked largely with a pious woman,
whom I could not well understand. I could not doubt of her
being quite sincere, nay, and much devoted to God: But she
had fallen among some well-meaning enthusiasts, who taught
her so to attend to the inward voice, as to quit the society, the
preaching, the Lord's Supper, and almost all outward means.
I find no persons harder to deal with than these. One knows
not how to advise them. They must not act contrary to their
conscience, though it be an erroneous one. And who can
convince them that it is erroneous ? None but the Almighty.
Mon. 17.-After preaching at Durham, I went on to Dar-
lington. The society here, lately consisting of nine members,
is now increased to above seventy; many of whom are warm
in their first love. At the love-feast, many of these spoke
their experience with all simplicity. Here will surely be a
plentiful harvest, if tares do not grow up with the wheat.
Wed. 19.-I preached to my old, loving congregation at
Osmotherley; and visited, once more, poor Mr. Watson, just
*quivering over the grave.
Part of this week I read, as I travelled, a famous book, which
I had not looked into for these fifty years. It was Lucian's
"Dialogues." He has a good deal of humour, but wonderful
little judgment. His great hero is Diogenes, the Cynic; just
such another brute as himself. Socrates (as one might expect)
he reviles and ridicules with all his might. I think there is
,more sense in his "Timon," than in all his other Dialogues
July, 1776.] JOURNAL. 79
put together: And yet, even that ends poorly, m the dull jest
of his breaking the heads of all that came near him. How
amazing is it, that such a book as this should be put into the
hands of school-boys!
Mon. 24.-I went on to Scarborough. I think the preaching-
house here is the most elegant of any square Room which we
have in England; and we had as elegant a congregation: But
they were as attentive as if they had been Kingswood colliers.
Tues. 25.-I visited a poor backslider, who has given great
occasion to the enemy to blaspheme. Some time since, he
felt a pain in the soles of his feet, then in his legs, his knees,
his thighs. Now it has reached his stomach, and begins to
affect his head. No medicines have availed at all. I fear he
has sinned a sin unto death; a sin which God has determined
to punish by death.
Fri. 28.-I am seventy-three years old, and far abler to
preach than I was at three-and-twenty. What natural means
has God used to produce so wonderful an effect? 1. Continual
exercise and change of air, by travelling above four thousand
miles in a year: 2. Constant rising at four: 3. The ability, if
ever I want, to sleep immediately: 4. The never losing a night's
sleep in my life: 5. Two violent fevers, and two deep consump-
tions. These, it is true, were rough medicines; but they were
of admirable service; causing my flesh to come again, as the
flesh of a little child. May I add, lastly, evenness of temper?
Ifeel and grieve; but, by the grace of God, I fret at nothing.
But still "the help that is done upon earth, He doeth it him-
self." And this he doeth in answer to many prayers.
Mon. JULY 1.-I preached, about eleven, to a numerous and
serious congregation at Pocklington. In my way from hence
to Malton, Mr. C-- (a man of sense and veracity) gave me
the following account:-His grandfather, Mr. H- he said,
about twenty years ago, ploughing up a field, two or three miles
from Pocklington, turned up a large stone, under which he per-
ceived there was a hollow. Digging on, he found, at a small
distance, a large, magnificent house. He cleared away the
earth; and, going into it, found many spacious rooms. The
floors of the lower story were of Mosaic work, exquisitely
wrought. Mr. C- himself counted sixteen stones within
an inch square. Many flocked to see it, from various parts,
as long as it stood open: But after some days, Mr. P- (he
REV. J. WESLEY'S
knew not why) ordered it to be covered again; and he would
never after suffer any to open it, but ploughed the field all
over. This is far more difficult to account for, than the sub-
terraneous buildings at Herculaneum. History gives us an
account of the time when, and the manner how, these were
swallowed up. The burning mountain is still assured, and
the successive lavas that flowed from it still distinguishable.
But history gives no account of this, nor of any burning
mountains in our island. Neither do we read of any such
earthquake in England, as was capable of working that effect.
Tues. 2.-I went to York. The House was full enough in
the evening, while I pointed the true and the false way of
expounding those important words, "Ye are saved through
faith." Wednesday, 3. I preached about noon at Tadcaster,
with an uncommon degree of freedom; which was attended
with a remarkable blessing. A glorious work is dawning here,
against which nothing can prevail; unless the ball of contention
be thrown in among the plain people, by one or two that have
lately embraced new opinions. In the evening I preached at
York, on the fashionable religion, vulgarly called morality;
and showed at large, from the accounts given of it by its
ablest patrons, that it is neither better nor worse than Atheism.
Thur. 4.-I met the select society, and was a little surprised
to find, that, instead of growing in grace, scarce two of them
retained the grace they had two years ago. All of them seemed
to be sincere; and yet a faintness of spirit ran through them all.
In the evening I showed, to a still more crowded audience,
the nature and necessity of Christian love:-Ayawri, vilely
rendered charity, to confound poor English readers. The
word was sharper than a two-edged sword, as many of the
hearers felt. God grant the wound may not be healed, till
he himself binds it up !
Fri. 5.-About eleven I preached at Foggathorp, a lone
house, a few miles from Howden. Abundance of people were
gathered together, notwithstanding heavy rain; and they
received the truth in the love thereof. I came to Howden
a little before three; when a large congregation was soon
gathered. All were serious; the more so, because of a few
claps of thunder that rolled over our heads.
I preached at Swinfleet in the evening. These are the most
sensible and gentlemanlike farmers that I have seen anywhere;.
July, 1776.] ,oURNAL. 81
and many of them are "rooted and grounded in love," and
have adorned the Gospel many years.
Sat. 6.-I went on to Epworth, and found my old friend,
Mr. Hutton, in the deepest melancholy. I judged it to be
partly natural, partly diabolical; but I doubt not he will be
saved, though as by fire.
Tues. 9.-I preached at Brigg in the morning. All behaved
well, but a few gentlemen, (so called,) who seemed to under-
stand no more of the matter, than if I had been talking Greek.
I went thence to Horncastle and to Spilsby, with Mr. Br---.
While he was at Cambridge, he was convinced of sin, though
not by any outward means, and soon after justified. Coming
to Hull, he met with one of our Preachers. By long and close
conversation with him, he was clearly convinced it was his duty
to join with the people called Methodists. At first, indeed, he
staggered at Lay Preachers; but, after weighing the matter
more deeply, he began preaching himself; and found a very
remarkable blessing, both on.his own soul, and on his labours.
After visiting a few more places in these parts, on Saturday,
13, I returned to Epworth. Sunday, 14. I preached in the
morning at Gringley; about one, at Onston; and at four, in
Epworth market-place; where God "struck with the hammer
of his word, and broke the hearts of stone." We had after-
wards a love-feast, at which a flame was soon kindled; which
was greatly increased while Mr. Cundy related the manner
how God perfected him in love : A testimony which is always
attended with a peculiar blessing.
Mon. 15.-I preached at Doncaster, in one of the most
elegant Houses in England, and to one of the most elegant
congregations. They seemed greatly astonished; and well
they might; for I scarce ever spoke so strongly on, "Strait
is the gate, and narrow is the way, that leadeth unto life."
Tuesday, 16. At Sheffield I talked at large with one whose
case is very peculiar. She never loses a sense of the love of
God; and yet is continually harassed by the devil, and con-
strained to utter words which her soul abhors; while her body
feels as if it was in a burning flame. For this her father
turned her cut of doors; and she had no money, nor any
friend to take her in. To cut her off from every human
comfort, our wise Assistant turned her out of society. Yet in
all this she murmured not, neither charged God foolishly."
VOL. IV. G
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Wed. 17.-Having been desired, by one of Chesterfield, to
give them a sermon in the way, I called there; but he did not
come to own me. So, after resting awhile at another house, I
stood at a small distance from the main street, and proclaimed
salvation by faith to a serious congregation. After preaching
at a few other places, on Thursday, 18, I preached at Notting-
ham; and, having no time to lose, took chaise at noon, and the
next evening, Friday, 19, met the Committee at the Foundery.
Wed. 24.-I read Mr. Jenyns's admired tract, on the
"Internal Evidence of the Christian Religion." He is un-
doubtedly a fine writer; but whether he is a Christian, Deist,
or Atheist, I cannot tell. If he is a Christian, he betrays his
own cause by averring, that "all Scripture is not given by
inspiration of God; but the writers of it were sometimes left
to themselves, and consequently made some mistakes." Nay,
if there be any mistakes in the Bible, there may as well be
a thousand. If there be one falsehood in that book, it did
not come from the God of truth.
Sun. 28.-Perceiving the immense hurt which it had done,
I spoke more strongly than ever I had done before, on the
sin and danger of indulging "itching ears." I trust, here at
least, that plague will be stayed.
Fri. AUGusT 2.-We made our first subscription toward
building a new chapel; and at this, and the two following
meetings, above a thousand pounds were cheerfully subscribed.
Sun. 4.-Many of the Preachers being come to town, I
enforced that solemn caution, in the Epistle for the day,
"Let him that standeth take heed lest he fall." And God
applied it to many hearts. In the afternoon I preached in
Moorfields to thousands, on Acts ii. 32, "This Jesus hath
God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses."
Tues. 6.-Our Conference began, and ended on Friday, 9,
which we observed with fasting and prayer, as well for our
own nation as for our brethren in America. In several Con-
ferences, we have had great love and unity; but in this there
was, over and above, such a general seriousness and solemnity
of spirit as we scarcely have had before. Sunday, 11. About
half an hour after four I set out; and at half an hour after
eleven on Monday, came to Bristol.
I found Mr. Fletcher a little better, and proposed his taking
a journey with me to Cornwall; nothing being so likely to
Aug. 1776.] JOURNAL. 83
restore his health, as a journey of four or five hundred miles;
but his Physician would in nowise consent; so I gave up the
Tues. 13.-I preached at Taunton, and afterwards went
with Mr. Brown to Kingston. The large, old parsonage-house
is pleasantly situated close to the church-yard, just fit for a
contemplative man. Here I found a Clergyman, Dr. Coke,
late Gentleman Commoner of Jesus College in Oxford, who
came twenty miles on purpose. I had much conversation with
him; and an union then began, which I trust shall never end.
Wed. 14.-I preached at Tiverton; and on Thursday went
on to Launceston. Here I found the plain reason why the
work of God had gained no ground in this Circuit all the year.
The Preachers had given up the Methodist testimony. Either
they did not speak of Perfection at all, (the peculiar doctrine
committed to our trust,) or they spoke of it only in general
terms, without urging the believers to "go on unto perfec-
tion," and to expect it every moment. And wherever this is
not earnestly done, the work of God does not prosper.
Fri. 16.-I was going to preach in the market-place at Ca-
melford, where a few are still alive to God, when a violent storm
drove us into the House; that is, as many as could squeeze in.
The fire quickly kindled among them, and seemed to touch
every heart. My text was, What doest thou here, Elijah ? "
And God himself made the application. A flame was once
more raised in this town: May it never more be put out !
In the evening I preached in Mr. Wood's yard, at Port-
Isaac, to most of the inhabitants of the town. The same
spirit was here as at Camelford, and seemed to move upon
every heart. And we had all a good hope, that the days of
faintness and weariness are over, and that the work of God
will revive and flourish.
Sat. 17.-We found Mr. Hoskins, at Cubert, alive; but
just tottering over the grave. I preached in the evening, on
2 Cor. v. 1-4, probably the last sermon he will hear from me.
I was afterwards inquiring, if that scandal of Cornwall, the
plundering of wrecked vessels, still subsisted. He said, "As
much as ever; only the Methodists will have nothing to do
with it. But three months since a vessel was wrecked on the
south coast, and the tinners presently seized on all the goods;
and even broke in pieces a new coach which was on board, and
REV. J. WESLEY'S
carried every scrap of it away." But is there no way to pre.
vent this shameful breach of all the laws both of religion and
humanity? Indeed there is. The Gentry of Cornwall may
totally prevent it whenever they please. Let them only see
that the laws be strictly executed upon the next plunderers;
and after an example is made of ten of these, the next wreck
will be unmolested. Nay, there is a milder way. Let them
only agree together, to discharge any tinner or labourer that
is concerned in the plundering of a wreck, and advertise his
name, that no Cornish gentleman may employ him any
more; and neither tinner nor labourer will any more be
concerned in that bad work.
Sun. 18.-The passage through the sands being bad for a
chaise, I rode on horseback to St. Agnes, where the rain con-
strained me to preach in the House. As we rode back to
Redruth, it poured down amain, and found its way through
all our clothes. I was tired when I came in; but after sleep-
ing a quarter of an hour all my weariness was gone.
Mon. 19.-I joined together once more the select society,
who are continually flying asunder, though they all acknow-
ledge the loss they have sustained thereby. At eleven I met
fifty or sixty children. How much depends upon these All
the hope of the rising generation. Tuesday, 20. In the
evening I preached at Helstone, where prejudice is at an
end; and all the town, except a few Gentry, willingly hear
the word of salvation.
Wed. 21.-I preached at Penzance in a gentleman's
balcony, which commanded the market-place, to a huge
congregation, on, Without holiness no man shall see the
Lord." The word fell heavy, upon high and low, rich and
poor. Such an opportunity I never had at Penzance before.
Thur. 22.-I preached at six in the market-place at St.
Just's. Two or three well-dressed people walked by, stopped
a little, and then went on. So they did two or three times.
Had it not been for shame, they might have heard that which
is able to save their souls.
Fri. 23.-The congregation, both morning and evening, was
large; and great was our rejoicing in the Lord. Saturday, 24.
In the evening I preached in a meadow at St. Ives, to one of
the largest congregations I had seen in the county. Sunday,
25. I met the children; the most difficult part of our office.
About five in the evening I began preaching at Gwennap, to
full twenty thousand persons. And they were so commo-
diously placed, in the calm, still evening, that every one
Tues. 27.-About noon I preached in the piazza, adjoining
to the Coinage-Hall in Truro. I was enabled to speak exceed-
ing plain, on, "Ye are saved through faith." I doubt the
Antinomians gnashed on me with their teeth; but I must
declare the whole counsel of God." In the evening I preached
in an open space at Mevagissey, to most of the inhabitants
of the town; where I saw a very rare thing,-men swiftly
increasing in substance, and yet not decreasing in holiness.
Wed. 28.-The rain-drove us into the House at St. Austle,
where I think some of the stout-hearted trembled. The next
evening I preached at Medros, and was pleased to see an old
friend, with his wife, his two sons and two daughters. I
believe God sent a message to their hearts, as they could not
help showing by their tears.
Sun. SEPTEMBER 1.-I got to Plymouth church a little
after the Service began. I admired the seriousness and decency
of the congregation : None bowed or courtesied, or looked about
them. And at the Lord's Supper, although both the Ministers
spoke so low in delivering the elements, that none who were not
very near could hear a word they said, yet was the congregation
as still as if no one had been in the church. I was likewise
agreeably surprised at their number: When I was in the church
in Hull, I think we had six communicants, beside those that
came with me: Here I suppose were full three hundred.
Immediately after Service I went to the quay, and preached
on those words in the Epistle for the day, "The Scripture
hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of
Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe." I won-
dered at the exquisite stupidity of the hearers, particularly
the soldiers; who seemed to understand no more of the
-natter than so many oxen. So I told them in very plain
terms; and some of them were ashamed.
Mon. 2.-In my way to Exeter, I read over an ingenious
tract, containing some observations which I never saw before.
In particular, that if corn sells for twice as much now as it did
at the time of the Revolution, it is in effect no dearer than it
was then, because we have now twice as much money; that if
other things sell now for twice as much as they did then, corn
REV. J. WESLEY'S
ought to do so too; that though the price of all things increases
as money increases, yet they are really no dearer than they were
before; and, lastly, that to petition Parliament to alter these
things, is to put them upon impossibilities, and can answer no
end but that of inflaming the people against their Governors.
Wed. 4.-I was desired to call at Ottery, a large town, eleven
miles from Exeter. I preached in the market-house to abun-
dance of people, who behaved with great decency. At five, I
preached in the market-place at Axminster, to a still larger con-
gregation. I have seldom heard people speak with more honesty
and, simplicity than many did at the love-feast which followed.
I have not seen a more unpolished people than these; but love
supplies all defects. It supplies all the essentials of good
breeding, without the help of a dancing-master.
Thur. 5.-I went on to Corfe-Castle, in the Isle of Purbeck.
At six I preached in the yard adjoining to the preaching-house.
It was a season both of conviction and consolation. Friday, 6.
I preached at the new House in Melcomb, to as many as it
would well contain. Saturday, 7. About noon I stood upon
the Cross, at Bruton, and proclaimed "the grace of our Lord
Jesus Christ." Many seemed to be astonished; all were
quiet; and a few deeply affected.
In the evening I preached at Shepton-Mallet; where the
people in general appeared to be more serious, ever since
the late terrible riot, in which two of them were killed. On
Saturday I went on to Bristol.
Mon. 9.-I began, what I had long intended, visiting the
society from house to house, setting apart at least two hours in
a day for that purpose. I was surprised to find the simplicity
with which one and all spoke, both of their temporal and spiritual
state. Nor could I easily have known, by any other means, how
great work God has wrought among them. I found exceeding
little to reprove; but much to praise God for. And I observed
one thing which I did not expect:-In visiting all the families,
without Lawford-Gate, by far the poorest about the city, I did
not find so much as one person who was out of work.
Another circumstance I critically inquired into, What is
the real number of the people ? Dr. Price says, (doubtless to
encourage our good friends, the French and Spaniards,) "The
people of England are between four and five millions; supposing
t hem to be four, or four and a half, on an average, in one house."
I found, in the families which I visited, about six in a house.
But one who has lately made a more general inquiry, informs
me, there are, without Lawford-Gate, seven in a house. The
same information I received, from one who has lately made
the inquiry, concerning the inhabitants of Redcliff. Now, if
at four in a house, we are four millions, must we not, at seven
in a house, be seven millions?
But even this is far short of the truth; for a plain reason,
the houses are miscomputed. To give one instance:-The
houses without Lawford-Gate are computed to be a thousand.
Now, at the sitting of the Justices, some years since, there
were two hundred public-houses. Was then one house in five
a public-house? No, surely; one in ten at the utmost. If
so, there were two thousand houses; and, consequently, four-
teen thousand persons. I believe, there are now full twenty
thousand. And these are nothing near a quarter of the
present inhabitants of Bristol.
Wed. 11.-I preached about one at Bath; and about six,
in a meadow, near the preaching-house, in Frome, besought a
listening multitude not to receive the grace of God in vain."
Thur. 12.-I spent about two hours in Mr. Hoare's gar-
dens, at Stourton. I have seen the most celebrated gardens
in England; but these far exceed them all: 1. In the situa-
tion; being laid out on the sloping sides of a semicircular moun-
tain: 2. In the vast basin of water inclosed between them,
covering, I suppose, sixty acres of ground: 3. In the delightful
interchange of shady groves and sunny glades, curiously mixed
together. Above all, in the lovely grottoes, two of which
excel everything of the kind which I ever saw; the fountain-
grotto, made entirely of rock-work, admirably well imitating
nature; and the castle-grotto, into which you enter unawares,
beneath a heap of ruins. This is within totally built of roots
of trees, wonderfully interwoven. On one side of it is a little
hermitage, with a lamp, a chair, a table, and bones upon it.
Others were delighted with the temples, but I was not: 1.
Because several of the statues about them were mean: 2.
Because I cannot admire the images of devils; and we know
the gods of the Heathers are but devils: 3. Because I defy
all mankind to reconcile statues with nudities, either to
common sense or common decency.
Returning from thence through Maiden-Bradley, we saw
the clumsy house of the Duke of Somerset; and afterwards
KRE. J. WESLEY'S -
the grand and elegant one of Lord Weymouth, beautifully
situated in a lovely park.
Fri. 13.-I went on to Midsummer-Norton, where the
Rector, being applied to, cheerfully granted me the use of his
church, and himself made one of the congregation. I preached
on those words in the Second Lesson, "0 thou of little faith,
wherefore didst thou doubt?" About two I preached in the
new House, at Paulton, to a plain, simple, loving people; and
spent the evening at Kingswood, endeavouring to remove
some little offences, which had arisen in the family.
Wed. 18.-About one I preached at Bath, as usual, to a
crowded audience; in the afternoon at Keynsham, where, at
length, we see some fruit of our labours. Thursday, 19. Find-
ing few would come to the Room at Pill, I preached in the
market-place. Many attended, and I am persuaded, God cut
some of them to the heart. About six I preached at Pensford,
and spent the evening with the lovely family at Publow.
Sat. 21.-I preached in the Paddock, at Bedminster. It
is plain (notwithstanding what some affirm) that the time of
field-preaching is not past, while the people flock to it from
Sun. 22.-After reading Prayers, preaching, and adminis-
tering the sacrament, at Bristol, I hastened away to Kings-
wood, and preached under the trees to such a multitude as
had not been lately seen there. I began in King's Square a
little before five, where the word of God was quick and
powerful. And I was no more tired at night than when I
rose in the morning. Such is the power of God !
After settling all things at Bristol and Kingswood, and visit-
ing the rest of the societies in Somersetshire, Wiltshire, and
Hants, I returned, in October, to London, with Mr. Fletcher.
Sun. NOVEMBER 10.-I was desired to preach at St.
Vedast's church, Foster-Lane, which contained the congrega-
tion tolerably well. I preached on those words in the Gospel
for the day, (how little regarded even by men that fear God !)
"Render to Cesar the things that are Cesar's, and unto God
the things that are God's."
Wed. 13.-I set out with Mr. Fletcher to Norwich. I took
coach at twelve, slept till six, and then spent the time very
agreeably, in conversation, singing, and reading. I read Mr.
Bolt's account of the affairs in the East Indies: I suppose much
the best that is extant. But what a scene is here opened!
What consummate villains, what devils incarnate, were the
managers there! What utter strangers to justice, mercy,
and truth; to every sentiment of humanity! I believe no
heathen history contains a parallel. I remember none in all
the annals of antiquity: Not even the divine Cato, or the
virtuous Brutus, plundered the provinces committed to their
charge with such merciless cruelty as the English have plun-
dered the desolated provinces of Indostan.
When we came to Norwich, finding many of our friends
had been shaken by the assertors of the Horrible Decree, I
employed the three following mornings in sifting the ques-
tion to the bottom. Many were confirmed thereby; and, I
trust, will not again be removed from the genuine Gospel.
Thur. 14.-I showed in the evening what the Gospel is,
and what it is to preach the Gospel. The next evening, I
explained, at large, the wrong and the right sense of, "Ye
are saved by faith." And many saw how miserably they had
been abused by those vulgarly called Gospel Preachers.
Sun. 17.-In the morning we had about a hundred and
fifty communicants, and a remarkable blessing. In the after-
noon and in the evening we were crowded enough. Monday,
18. We set out for Yarmouth. Here I knew not where to
preach; the Mayor refusing me the use of the Town-Hall.
But the Chamberlain gave me the use of a larger building,
formerly a church. In this a numerous congregation soon
assembled, to whom I described the "sect which is every-
where spoken against." I believe all that were attentive will
be a little more candid for the time to come.
Tues. 19.-I opened the new preaching-house at Lowes-
toft,-a new and lightsome building. It was thoroughly filled
with deeply attentive hearers. Surely some of them will bear
fruit unto perfection. Wednesday, 20. Mr. Fletcher preached
in the morning, and I at two in the afternoon. It then blew
a thorough storm, so that it was hard to walk or stand, the
wind being ready to take us off our feet. It drove one of the
boats, which were on the strand, from its moorings out to sea.
Three men were in it, who looked for nothing every moment
but to be swallowed up. But presently five stout men put
off in another open boat, and, rowing for life, overtook them,
and brought them safe to land.
REV. .. WESLEY 'S
Thur. 21.-I preached at Beccles. A duller place I have
seldom seen. The people of the town were neither pleased
nor vexed, as caring for none of these things." Yet fifty or
sixty came into the house, either to hear or see. The people
of Loddon seemed in the evening of another spirit, resolved
to "enter in at the strait gate." Friday, 22, We had a
solemn parting with our friends at Norwich; and on Saturday
evening I brought Mr. Fletcher back to London, considerably
better than when he set out.
Fri. 29.-We considered the several plans which were offered
for the new chapel. Having agreed upon one, we desired a
Surveyor to draw out the particulars, with an estimate of the
expense. We then ordered proposals to be drawn up for
those who were willing to undertake any part of the building.
Mon. DECEMBER 2.-I set out for Bedford, in the dili-
gence, and came thither at four in the afternoon. I found
great freedom of speech in the evening, and perceived God
was reviving his work in this people.
Tues. 3.-I crossed over to St. Neot's, and had an hour's
friendly conversation with Mr. V. O that all men would sit
as loose to opinions as I do; that they would think and
let think I preached in the evening to a numerous con-
gregation with much enlargement of spirit. Wednesday, 4.
I preached at Godmanchester, and on Thursday returned to
In the way, I read over Mr. Gray's Works, and his Life
wrote by Mr. Mason. He is an admirable poet, not much
inferior to either Prior or Pope; but he does not appear,
upon the whole, to have been 'n amiable man. His picture,
I apprehend, expresses his character;-sharp, sensible, inge-
nious; but, at the same time, proud, morose, envious, passion-
ate, and resentful. I was quite shocked at the contempt with
which he more than once speaks of Mr. Mason; one full as
ingenious as himself, yea, full as good a poet; (as even
"Elfrida" shows, as much as Mr. Gray despises, or affects to
despise it;) and, over and above, possessed of that mode,:ty
and humanity, wherein Mr. Gray was so greatly deficient.
Friday, 13, was the national fast. It was observed not
only throughout the city, but (I was afterwards informed)
throughout the nation, with the utmost solemnity. I shall
not wonder if God should now internose and send us
prosperity, since, at length, we are not too proud to
acknowledge "there is a God that judgeth the earth."
Mon. 16.-I preached at Canterbury ; on Tuesday, at
Dover; Wednesday, about eleven, at poor, dry, dead Sand-
wich. But I now found more hope for the poor people, than
I had done for many years. In the evening I preached at
Margate, to a very genteel, and yet very serious, congrega-
tion; and I believe (although it blew a storm) near a hun-
dred were present in the morning.
Thur. 19.-I had another truly comfortable opportunity at
Canterbury. God lifted up the hands that hung down, and
gave many a strong hope that they should yet see good days,
after all the days of darkness and heaviness. Friday, 20. I
returned to London; and on Sunday, 22, buried the remains
of Elizabeth Duchesne; a person eminently upright of heart,
yet for many years a child of labour and sorrow. For near
forty years she was zealous of good works, and at length
shortened her days by labouring for the poor beyond her
strength. But her end was peace. She now rests from
her labours, and her works follow her.
Tues. 31.-We concluded the year with solemn praise to
God for continuing his great work in our land. It has never
been intermitted one year or one month, since the year
1738; in which my brother and I began to preach that
strange doctrine of salvation by faith.
Wed. JANUARY 1, 1777.-We met, as usual, to renew our
covenant with God. It was a solemn season, wherein many
found his power present to heal, and were enabled to urge
their way with strength renewed.
Thur. 2.-I began expounding, in order, the book of Eccle-
siastes. I never before had so clear a sight either of the
meaning or the beauties of it. Neither did I imagine that
the several parts of it were in so exquisite a manner con-
nected together; all tending to prove that grand truth,-that
there is no happiness out of God.
Wed. 8.-I looked over the manuscripts of that great and
good man, Charles Perronet. I did not think he had so
deep communion with God. I know exceeding few that
equal him; and had he had an University education, there
would have been few finer writers in England.
Mon. 13.-I took the opportunity of spending an hour every
REV. J. WESLEY'S
morning with the Preachers, as I did with my pupils at Oxford.
And we endeavoured not only to increase each other's know-
ledge, but to provoke one another to love and to good works."
Wed. 15.-I began visiting those of our society who lived
in Bethnal-Green hamlet. Many of them I found in such
poverty as few can conceive without seeing it. O why do
not all the rich that fear God constantly visit the poor?
Can they spend part of their spare time better? Certainly
not. So they will find in that day when "every man shall
receive his own reward according to his own labour."
Such another scene I saw the next day, in visiting another
part of the society. I have not found any such distress, no,
not in the prison of Newgate. One poor man was just creep-
ing out of his sick-bed, to his ragged wife and three little
children; who were more than half naked, and the very pic-
ture of famine; when one bringing in a loaf of bread, they
all ran, seized upon it, and tore it in pieces in an instant.
Who would not rejoice that there is another world ?
Mon. 20.-Mrs. T. gave us a remarkable account:-On
Saturday, the 11th instant, her little boy, a child of eminent
piety, between five and six years old, gave up his spirit to God.
She was saying to one in the house, My son is gone to glory."
A youth standing by, cried out, "But I am going to hell."
He continued praying all Sunday and Monday; but in utter
despair. On Tuesday he found a hope of mercy, which gradually
increased. The next morning he rejoiced with joy unspeakable,
knowing his sins were blotted out; and soon after Henry Terry
(the son of many tears to his poor mother) slept in peace.
Tues. 21.-I dined at Mr. A.'s. A month or two ago he
had a trial worthy of a Christian. He saw his little son
(between four and five years old) crushed to death in a
moment. But he did not murmur: He could say, "The
Lord gave, and the Lord bath taken away."
Sun. 26.-I preached again at Allhallows church, morning
and afternoon. I found great liberty of spirit; and the con-
gregation seemed to be much affected. How is this? Do
I yet please men? Is the offence of the Cross ceased? It
seems, after being scandalous near fifty years, I am at length
growing into an honourable man !
Thur. 30.-1 had a visit from Mr. B---, grown an old,
feeble, decrepit man; hardly able to face a puff of wind, or to
creep up and down stairs! Such is the fruit of cooping one's
self in a house, of sitting still day after day !
Mon. FEBRUARY 3.-Hearing there was some disturbance
at Bristol, occasioned by men whose tongues were set on fire
against the Government, I went down in the diligence, and
on Tuesday evening strongly enforced those solemn words,
"Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers,
to speak evil of no man." I believe God applied his word,
and convinced many that they had been out of their way.
Finding the repeated attempts to set fire to the city had
occasioned a general consternation, on Wednesday, 5, I
opened and applied those words to a crowded audience, "Is
there any evil in the city, and the Lord hath not done it?"
On Thursday I wrote '"A calm Address to the Inhabitants of
England." May God bless this, as he did the former, to the
quenching of that evil fire which is still among us! On
Saturday I returned to London.
Sat. 15.-At the third message, I took up my cross, and
went to see Dr. Dodd, in the Compter. I was greatly surprised.
He seemed, though deeply affected, yet thoroughly resigned to
the will of God. Mrs. Dodd likewise behaved with the utmost
propriety. I doubt not, God will bring good out of this evil.
Tuesday, 18. I visited him again, and found him still in a
desirable state of mind: calmly giving himself up to
whatsoever God should determine concerning him.
Wed. 19.-I was desired to see one that, after she had been
filled with peace and juy in believing, was utterly distracted.
I soon found it was a merely natural case; a temporary
disorder common to women at that period of life.
Tues. 25.-I spent an agreeable hour with Dr. C- s, a
deeply serious man, who would fain reconcile the Arminians
and Calvinists. Nay, but he must first change their hearts.
Sun. MARCH 2.-Being a warm sunshiny day, I preached
in Moorfields, in the evening. There were thousands upon
thousands; and all were still as night. Not only violence
and rioting, but even scoffing at field-Preachers is now over.
To-day I received from an eye-witness a particular account
of a late remarkable occurrence. Captain Bell, a most ami-
able man, beloved of all that knew him, and just engaged to
one which he tenderly loved, sailed from England last autumn.
On September 20 he was hailed by the Hawke, a small sloop,
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Captain Arthur Crawford, Commander, who told him he
came from Halifax, in His Majesty's service, cruising for
American privateers. Captain Bell invited him to breakfast,
entertained him with all kindness, and made him some little
presents: But on his cursing and swearing at the Americans,
mildly reproved him, and he desisted. Mr. M'Aness, the
Supercargo, seeing him walk round the ship, and diligently
observe everything in it, told Captain Bell, Be upon your
guard, this is certainly an enemy!" But the Captain
answered, "It cannot be; no man can act so base a part."
Captain Crawford returned to his own ship, and sailing
under the stern of the other, while Captain Bell and some
others were standing on the quarter-deck, ordered his men to
fire at him. They did so, and shot him in the belly, so that
his bowels came out. But he did not fall. He ordered them
to fire again: He fell; and while his men were carrying him
away, Crawford took the vessel.
Captain Bell being conveyed into the cabin, sent and desired
to speak with Captain Crawford: But he would not come. He
then desired to speak with his own sailors, one by one. One
-of them saying, Sir, you have been basely murdered," he
replied, Love your enemies; pray for them that despitefully
use you. What are our sufferings to those which our Lord
endured for us ?" He then desired the account which St. John
gives of our Lord's sufferings to be read to him. He desired
his love to all that loved the Lord Jesus; particularly to her
he was about to marry. Then bidding them all farewell, he died
in peace, about two hours after he received the second shot.
But what did Captain Crawford do amiss? Have not the
English also taken American ships by surprise? Yes; but
not with such circumstances. For, 1. He hoisted no colours,
nor ever summoned the ship to yield: 2. He fired on men
-who thought nothing of the matter, and pointed the men to.
Captain Bell in particular. So it was a deliberate murder.
Such is the mercy, such the gratitude, of American rebels !
Mon. 10.-In the evening I preached at Reading. -Iow
many years were we beating the air at this town! Stretching out
-our hands to a people as stupid as oxen But it is not so at
present. That generation is passed away, and their children are
of a more excellent spirit. After preaching at Newbury and
Ramsbury in the way, on Wednesday, 12, I went on to Bristol.
Sun. 16.-I preached at St. Werburgh's, the first church I
ever preached in at Bristol. I had desired my friends not to
come thither, but to leave room for strangers. By this means
the church was well filled, but not over much crowded; which
gives occasion to them that seek occasion, as it is a real
inconvenience to the parishioners.
Fri. 21.-I preached at Bath. I often wonder at this,-
Our chapel stands in the midst of all the sinners, and yet,
going or coming to it, I never heard an immodest word, but
prayers and blessings in abundance.
Sun. 23.-I preached at St. Ewin's church, but not upon
Justification by Faith. I do not find this to be a profitable
subject to an unawakened congregation. I explained here,
and strongly applied, that awful word, "It is appointed unto
men once to die."
Mon. 24.-I left Bristol, and preaching at Ramsbury, Wit-
ney, Oxford, and High-Wycomb, in my way, on Thursday came
to London; whence I cannot be long absent while the new chapel
is building. Friday, 28. I received an affectionate message
from a great man.-But I shall not wonder if the wind changes.
Sun. 30.-Easter-day was a solemn and comfortable day,
wherein God was remarkably present with his people. During
the Octave I administered the Lord's Supper every morning,
after the example of the Primitive Church. Sunday, APRIL 6.
I began a journey through some of our societies, to desire
their assistance towards the expense of the new chapel. I
preached at Birmingham on Monday, 7; in Congleton, on
Tuesday; and on Wednesday went on to Macclesfield. The
new church here is far the most elegant that I have seen in
the kingdom. Mr. Simpson read Prayers, and I preached on
the first verse of the Second Lesson, Heb. xi. And I believe
many felt their want of the faith there spoken of. The next
evening I preached on Heb. xii. 14: "Without holiness no
man shall see the Lord." I was enabled to make a close
application, chiefly to those that expected to be saved by faith.
I hope none of them will hereafter dream of going to heaven
by any faith which does not produce holiness.
Fri. 11.-I preached at Stockport about ten, and at Man-
chester in the evening. Monday, 14. I preached about noon
at Warrington, and in the evening at Liverpool; where many
large ships are now laid up in the docks, which had been
REV. J. WESLEY'S
employed for many years in buying or stealing poor Africans,
and selling them in America for slaves. The men-butchers
have now nothing to do at this laudable occupation. Since
the American war broke out, there is no demand for human
cattle. So the men of Africa, as well as Europe, may enjoy
their native liberty.
Wed. 16.-About noon I preached at Wigan; in the even-
ing, at the new House in Bolton, crowded within and without,
on the "wise man" who "built his house upon a rock."
Many here are following his example, and continually
increasing both in the knowledge and love of God.
Thur. 17.-I called upon Mr. Barker, at Little-Leigh, just
tottering over the great gulf. Being straitened for time, I
rode from thence to Chester. I had not for some years rode
so far on horseback, but it did me no hurt. After preaching,
I took chaise, and came to Middlewich, a little before the
Liverpool coach, in which I went on to London.
I have now finished Dr. Gell's "Essay toward an Amend-
ment of the last Translation of the Bible." This part only
takes in the Pentateuch; but many other texts are occasion-
ally explained. Surely he was a man mighty in the Scrip-
tures, and well acquainted with the work of God in the
soul: And he plainly shows that the Antinomians and Anti-
Perfectionists were just the same then, as they are now.
Monday, 21, was the day appointed for laying the foundation
of the new chapel. The rain befriended us much, by keeping
away thousands who purposed to be there. But there were still
such multitudes, that it was with great difficulty I got through
them to lay the first stone. Upon this was a plate of brass,
(covered with another stone,) on which was engraved, "This
was laid by Mr. John Wesley, on APRIL 1, 1777." Probably
this will be seen no more, by any human eye; but will remain
there, till the earth and the works thereof are burned up.
Sun. 27.-The sun breaking out, I snatched the oppor-
tunity of preaching to many thousands in Moorfields. All
were still as night, while I showed how "the Son of God was
manifested to destroy the works of the devil."
Mon. 28.-At one I took coach, and on Wednesday evening
preached at Newcastle-upon-Tyne. I love our brethren in the
southern counties; but still I find few among them that have
the spirit of our northern societies. Saturday, MAY 3. I went
May, 1777.] JOURNAL. 97
to Sunderland, and strongly enforced, Render unto Cmsar
the things that are Cesar's."
Mon. 5.-Having finished my business in these parts, I set
my face southward again; and after preaching at Durham,
about eleven went on to Darlington. I have not lately found
so lively a work in any part of England as here. The society
is constantly increasing, and seems to be all on fire for God.
There is nothing among them but humble, simple love; no dis-
pute, no jar of any kind. They exactly answer the descrip-
tion that David Brainerd gives of his Indian congrega-
tion. I particularly desired both the Preachers and Leaders
to have an especial care over them, and, if possible, to pre-
vent either the devil or his agents from poisoning their
simplicity. Many of them already know, that "the blood
of Jesus Christ" hath "cleansed them from all sin."
Wed. 7.-I went to Yarm. There I found a lovely young
woman, in the last stage of a consumption; but such a one as
I never read of, nor heard any Physician speak of, but Dr.
Wilson. The seat of the ulcers is not in the lungs, but the
wind-pipe. I never yet knew it cured. My housekeeper
died of it last year. This young woman died in a few weeks.
Thur. 8.-About eleven I preached at Osmotherley. I found
my old friend Mr. Watson, who first brought me into this
country, was just dead, after living a recluse life near fifty
years. From one that attended him, I learned, that the sting
of death was gone, and he calmly delivered up his soul to God.
Fri. 9.-I went to Malton, hoping to meet Miss R-- 3
there: But instead of her, I found a letter which informed
me that she was on the brink of the grave; but added,
"Surely my Lord will permit me to see you once more in the
body." I would not disappoint the congregation; but as
soon as I had done preaching, set out, and about four in the
morning came to Otley. I minutely inquired into the cir-
cumstances of her illness. She is dropped suddenly into the
third stage of a consumption, having one or more ulcers in
her lungs, spitting blood, having a continual pain in her
breast, and a constant hectic fever, which disables her from
either riding on horseback, or bearing the motion of a
carriage. Meantime, she breathes nothing but praise and
love. Short-lived flower, and ripe for a better soil !
Sat. 10.-After travelling between ninety and a hundred
VOL. IV. 1f
REV. J. WESLEY'S
miles, I came back to Malton; and, having rested an hour,
went on to Scarborough, and preached in the evening. But
the flux which I had had for a few days so increased, that at
first I found it difficult to speak. Yet the longer I spoke
the stronger I grew. Is not God a present help ?
Sun. 11.-I experienced a second time what one calls,
febris ex insolatione.* The day was cold; but the sun shone
warm on my back, as I sat in the window. In less than half
an hour I began to shiver, and soon after had a strong fit of
an ague. I directly lay down between blankets, and drank
largely of warm lemonade. In ten minutes the hot fit came
on, and quickly after I fell asleep. Having slept half an
hour, I rose up and preached. Afterwards I met the society;
and I found no want of strength, but was just as well at the
end as at the beginning.
Mon. 12.-I preached at Bridlington; Tuesday, 13, in
the morning at Beverley; and in the evening at Hull, on,
"Narrow is the way that leadeth unto life." And yet,
blessed be God, there are thousands walking in it now, who
a few years since thought nothing about it.
Wed. 14.-At eleven I preached at Pocklington, with an eye
to the death of that lovely woman, Mrs. Cross. A gay young
gentleman, with a young lady, stepped in, stayed five minutes,
and went out again, with as easy an unconcern as if they had
been listening to a ballad-singer. I mentioned to the congre-
gation the deep folly and ignorance implied in such behaviour.
These pretty fools never thought that for this very oppor-
tunity they are to give an account before men and angels!
In the evening I preached at York. I would gladly have
rested the next day, feeling my breast much out of order.
But notice having been given of my preaching at Tadcaster,
I set out at nine in the morning. About ten the chaise
broke down. I borrowed a horse; but as he was none of
the easiest, in riding three miles I was so thoroughly electri-
fied, that the pain in my breast was quite cured. I preached
in the evening at York; on Friday took the diligence; and
on Saturday afternoon came to London.
MAY 18.-(Being Whit-Sunday.) Our Service at the Foun-
dery began as usual at four. I preached in West-Street chapel
in the forenoon; and at the Foundery in the evening. In the
A fever produced by an incautious exposure to the sun.-EDIT.