REV. JOHN WESLEY, A.M.,
SOMETIME FELLOW OF LINCOLN COLLEGE, OXFORD.
WITH THE LAST CORRECTIONS OF THE AUTHOR.
2, CASTLE STREET, CITY ROAD, E.C.;
AND AT 66, PATERNOSTER BOW, E.C.
nt t station all.
[lEntrrz at 5tationzts' ptall.]
HATMAN, CHRISTY AND LILLY, LTD., ATTON WORXS, FARRINGDO N ROAD, E.C.
THE REVEREND JOHN WESLEY, A.M.,
OMETIA.IE FELLOW OF ,TINCOLN COLLEGE, OXFORD.
FRO.M 31A. Y 6, 1760, TO SEPTEMBER 12, 1773.
REV. MR. JOHN WESLEY'S JOURNAL,
FROM MAY 6, 1760, TO OCTOBER 28, 1702.
TO THE READER.
I AM sensible there are many particulars in the
ensuing Journal, which some serious persons will not
believe, and which others will turn to ridicule. But
this I cannot help, unless by concealing those things
,which I believe it my bounden duty to declare. I
cannot do otherwise while I am persuaded that this
was a real work of God; and that he hath so wrought
this and all "his marvellous works, that they ought to
be had in remembrance." I have only to desire, that
those who think differently from me, will bear with
me, as I do with them; and that those who think with
me, that this was the most glorious work of God
which has ever been wrought in our memory, may be
encouraged to expect to be themselves partakers of all
the great and precious promises,-and that without
delay,-seeing, "now is the accepted time! now is
the day of salvation "
LONDON, January 31, 1767.
FROM MAY 6, 1760, TO OCTOBER 28, 1762.
Tues. MAY 6.-I had much conversation (at Carrickfergus)
with Monsieur Cavenac,the French General, not on the circum-
stances, but the essence, of religion. He seemed to startle at
nothing; but said more than once, and with emotion, Why,
this is my religion: There is no true religion besides it!"
Wed. 7.-I rode to Larn. The rain, which had continued
with little intermission for several days, stopped this afternoon ;
so that I had a very large, as well as serious, congregation:
And I spoke to them with the utmost plainness; but I could
not find the way to their hearts.
Thur. 8.-We rode over the mountains to Ballymena, and
had just passed through the town, when a man came running
out of the field, called me by my name, and pressed me much
to preach there. But I could not stay, having appointed one
to meet me at Portlonane; which he accordingly did, and
brought me to Mr. Burrows, near Garvah.
Fri. 9.-A little rest was acceptable. Saturday, 10. I
preached, morning and evening, in Mr. B- 's house, to a
well-behaved congregation, though of various denominations;
Churchmen, Papists, Presbyterians, Cameronians. One
Seceder likewise ventured in; but the moment he heard, Our
Father, which art in heaven," he ran away with all speed.
Sun. 11.-We had such a congregation in the church as
perhaps had not been there in this century; and I believe
God reached some of their hearts: Several were in tears. I
spoke extremely plain; especially to those who were full of
their own wisdom and righteousness.
Mon. 12.-Returning through Ballymena, I preached in
the market-house to a large concourse of people; and God
was there of a truth. I have found no such spirit in any
congregation since I left Dublin. Thence I rode to Moira,
and preached to a very civil congregation: But there is no
life in them.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Tues. 13.-My Irish horse was thoroughly tired. How-
ever, with much difficulty, partly riding, and partly walking,
about eight in the evening I reached Coot-Hill. I preached
in the House now, and at five in the morning; but at eleven
in the market-house, where I delivered my own soul, to most
of the Protestants in the town.
Having procured a fresh horse, I rode on to Belturbet, a
town in which there is neither Papist nor Presbyterian. But
to supply that defect, there are Sabbath-breakers, drunkards,
and common swearers in abundance. ,Thursday, 15. We
rode through a delightful country to Swadlingbar, famed for
its mineral waters. Soon after my new horse began to tire,
so that it was with much difficulty I got to Sligo.
Fri. 16.-I walked round the ruins of the abbey, formerly
one of the largest in the kingdom. The walls of it are stand-
ing, and three sides of the cloisters are entire: But you can
scarce tread, either within or without, unless you will step
upon skulls or human bones, which are everywhere scattered
up and down, as dung upon the earth. Surely no other
nation, Christian or Heathen, would endure this!
In the evening the congregation was a little disturbed by
two or three giddy Officers. I spoke to them, and they
stopped: But they soon recovered their spirits, and behaved
as they used to do at church.
Sun. 18.-I preached at nine to a large congregation,
who all seemed to hear with understanding. At five in the
evening they were not less attentive, though abundantly more
numerous. On Monday we met, for the last time, between
four and five. Many were deeply affected, and all received
the word "with all readiness of mind." But which of these
will bring forth fruit with patience ?" God only knoweth.
Mon. 19.-We rode to Castlebar, where I preached in the
evening. I was particularly concerned for the poor backsliders.
It seems as if most of us said in our hearts, "If they have a
mind to go to hell, let them go." Not so; rather let us pluck
the "brands," willing or unwilling, "out of the burning."
Thur. 22.-I rode to Newport, and preached at seven in
the evening. I suppose all the Protestants in the town
were present, and many of the Papists, notwithstanding the
prohibition and bitter curses of their Priests. So has God
spread the line from sea to sea, from Dublin on the east, to
this place on the western ocean.
MAY 25.-(Being Whit-Sunday.) Mr. Ellison desired me
to assist him at the Lord's Supper. Tuesday, 27. There
was a remarkable trial here:-A Swedish ship, being leaky,
put into one of our harbours. The Irish, according to custom,
ran to plunder her. A neighboring gentleman hindered
them; and for so doing demanded a fourth part of the cargo:
And this, they said, the law allows! But where, meantime,
is the law of God?
To hear this cause all the gentlemen of the country were
come to Castlebar. It was to be heard in the Court-House
where I preached: So they met an hour sooner, and heard
the sermon first. Who knows but even some of these may
be found of Him they sought not?
Wed. 28.-I rode to Hollymount, and the next day to
Aghrim, where were a people alive to God. I told them
plainly what things they wanted still: And surely God will
supply all their wants.
JUNE l.-(Being Trinity-Sunday.) I preached about
nine in the market-house at Athlone, on, "There are three
that bear record in heaven,-and these three are one."
Afterwards, at the Minister's desire, I read prayers in the
church, and in the evening preached on the Connaught side
of the river, on, "Ye must be born again." Both Papists
and Protestants attended; and some seemed cut to the heart.
Tues. 3.-I met the classes, and was agreeably surprised to
find that bitterness against the Church, with which many were
infected when I was here before, was now entirely over: Yet
the deadness which it had occasioned remained, and I doubt
it will not soon be removed.
Fri. 6.-I preached in the evening at Ahaskra, where the
bulk of the congregation were Papists. Yet the decency of
their behaviour was such as might have made many
Sun. 8.-I rode over to Aghrim again. Understanding the
Rector had none to assist in the Service, I offered to read
Prayers for him; which he willingly accepted. Immediately
after the Church-Service, I preached to a numerous congre-
gation, and returned to Athlone soon enough to speak once
more to a large concourse of all ranks and religions. But
great part of them were as bullocks unaccustomed to the
yoke, neither taught of God nor man.
Mon. 9.-About one I preached at Abidarrig, and then
REV. J. WESLEY'S
rode on to Longford. The town was so thronged, by reason
of the approaching fair, that we had much ado to pass,
But this increased the evening congregation much; among
whom was Dr. Hort, then Rector of the parish, a learned,
sensible, pious man, and a pattern both for Clergy and laity.
Tues. 10.-I rode to Drumersnave, a village delightfully
situated. Almost the whole town, Protestants and Papists,
were present at the sermon in the evening; and a great part
of them in the morning: But O how few of them will bear
fruit to perfection !
At noon William Ley, James Glasbrook, and I rode to
Carrick-upon-Shannon. In less than an hour, an Esquire
and Justice of the Peace came down with a drum, and what
mob he could gather. I went into the garden with the con-
gregation, while he was making a speech to his followers in
the street. He then attacked William Ley, (who stood at
the door,) being armed with an halbert and long sword;
and ran at him with the halbert, but missing his thrust, he
then struck at him, and broke it short upon his wrist. Having
made his way through the house to the other door, he was
at a full stop. James Glasbrook held it fast on the other
side. While he was endeavouring to force it open, one
told him I was preaching in the garden: On this he quitted
the door in haste, ran round the house, and, with part of his
retinue, climbed over the wall into the garden; and, with a
whole volley of oaths and curses, declared, "You shall not
preach here to-day." I told him, "Sir, I do not intend
it; for I have preached already." This made him ready
to tear the ground. Finding he was not to be reasoned with,
I went into the house. Soon after he revenged himself on
James Glasbrook, (by breaking the truncheon of his halbert
on his arm,) and on my hat, which he beat and kicked most
valiantly; but a gentleman rescued it out of his hands, and
we rode quietly out of the town.
After preaching to several of the intermediate societies in
he way, on Saturday, 14, I came to Tyrrel's Pass, and found
several of our friends who were come from various parts.
Sunday, 15. I preached at eight, and at twelve (there being
no Service at the church). A heap of fine, gay people came
in their post-chaises to the evening preaching. I spoke very
plain, but the words seemed to fly over them: "Gallio cared
for none of these things."
Mon. 16.-I preached in the evening in the long, shady
walk at Edinderry, to such a congregation as had not been
seen there .for many years. And God gave an edge to his
word, both this evening and the next morning. He can
work, even among these dry bones.
Wed. 18.-I designed to preach in the market-house at Port-
arlington; but it was pre-engaged for a ball. So I preached,
and with much comfort, in our own Room; as also, at five in
the morning. I preached at ten, for the sake of the Gentry.
But it was too early, they could not rise so soon.
In the afternoon I rode to Mount-Mellick. The rain was
suspended in the evening, while I exhorted a large congrega-
tion to walk in the old paths." Many Papists appeared to
be quite astonished; some of them were almost persuaded to
walk therein. The next evening I preached in the market-
place, for the sake of the rich, who could hear there without
impeachment to their honour. And some were deeply affected.
Surely the thorns will not choke all the good seed!
Sat. 21.-The congregation at Tullamore was near as large
as at Mount-Mellick. At eight in the morning, Sunday, 22,
it was much increased, but much more at one. And I have
reason to believe, that God at this time touched several
careless hearts. I rode from thence to Coolylough, and found
a congregation gathered from twenty miles round. It rained
when I began to preach; but none offered to'go away. And
God did indeed send a gracious rain upon his inheritance,"
and comforted the souls of his servants.
Mon. 23.-Being the Quarterly-Meeting, the Stewards from
all the country societies were present; a company of settled,
sensible men. Nothing is wanting in this kingdom but zeal-
ous, active Preachers, tenacious of order and exact discipline.
Tues. 24.-I took horse early, and at ten preached at
Cloughan, about twenty-four miles from Coolylough. We
afterwards rode through Longford; but did not stop, as the
day was cool and pleasant. About two we were unawares
encompassed with a multitude of Papists, coming out of
their mass-house. One of them knowing me soon alarmed
the rest, who set up a hideous roar, and drew up in battle-
array. But we galloped through them, and went on to
Drumersnave, where I preached in the evening, and the next
day, Wednesday, 25, rode on to Sligo.
Never did I see a fairer prospect of good here. But
REV. J. WESLEY'S
blossoms are not fruit. As large, if not a larger congregation
than before, was at the market-place in the evening. I was
exceeding weary, having rode an extremely dull horse; but I
soon forgot my weariness, seeing so many, young and old,
rich and poor, receiving the word with all gladness.
Thur. 26.-I preached at five, in a large, commodious
Room which has been procured since I was here last. I
breakfasted at Mr. A- 's, and dined at Mr. K--'s: But
two such families I have seldom seen. They had feared God
for many years, and served him in the best manner they
knew. Nothing was wanting but that they should hear the
more excellent way," which they then embraced with all
Fri. 27.-Our morning congregation was doubled. Mr.
D- did not fail to be there, though it seemed strange to
him at first, when mention was made of preaching at five in
the morning. In the evening we had a still larger congre-
gation, and I believe God applied his word. Some trembled,
others wept. Surely some of these shall know there is balm
Sat. 28.-At five the congregation was larger than ever it
had been at that hour. After breakfast I rode out with Mr.
K. and Mr. D., who, hearing I was ill-mounted, desired me
to make use of one of his horses, during my stay in Ireland.
In the evening (it being market-day, so that the market-
house was full of people) I wrote a line to the Colonel, who
readily gave me the liberty of preaching in the barrack-yard.
He likewise came to hear himself, as did several of the Officers.
It was a solemn conclusion of the happiest birth-day which I
have known for many years.
Sun. 29.-We had a solemn meeting of the society at five.
At eight I preached again in the barrack-yard; and I did not
observe a trifler there. They all seemed to hear as for life.
To-day I saw an odd instance of the force of example: When
we were at church in the morning, scarce any one either
sung or stood at the Psalms; so that I was almost alone
therein. But in the afternoon almost every one stood up; and
most of them sung, or endeavoured so to do. After service I
went directly to the market-house, and enforced those solemn
words, What doth the Lord thy God require of thee, but to
do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy
Mr. D- had left us at six in the morning, in order to
serve his cure; but about ten at night he came back, and was
with me soon after four, importuning me to stay another day;
but as my journeys were fixed, I could not do that without
disappointing several congregations. Now was the general call
for the town of Sligo. And many did "receive the word with
joy." But the greatest part had "no root in themselves."
What fruit then could be expected from them?
Mon. 30.-I have rarely seen so heavy rain in Europe, as
we had in the way to Tubbercurraugh. I was quickly wet to
my toes' end; but the day clearing, 1 was dry again in a few
hours. We had a very large congregation at Castlebar in the
evening; and many seemed almost persuaded to be Christians.
O what does it avail, almost to hit the mark? Almost to
escape the damnation of hell ?
Tues. JULY 1.-We took horse about four; and it was well
we did; for our seven-and-thirty Irish miles, so called, were
little less than seventy English. I preached at a friend's house
soon after three; and then, procuring a fresh horse, about the
size of a jackass, I rode on, with more ease than state, to
Wed. 2.-We rode on to Eyrecourt, where many threatened
great things; but all vanished into air. I preached at ten in
the Court-house: Col. Eyre was there, and several other
persons of fashion. In the evening I preached at Birr, with
more satisfaction than for several years; finding many more
alive to God than ever, and provoking one another to love
and to good works. I had purposed to set out early in the
morning; but their love constrained me to stay a day longer.
So I had leisure to complete the account of the societies.
At present the societies in Connaught contain little more
than two hundred members; thdse in Ulster, about two
hundred and fifty; those in Leinster, a thousand.
Fri. 4.-I took my ease, riding in a chaise to Limerick;
where, on Saturday, 5, ten of us met in a little Conference.
By the blessing of God, we were all of one mind, particularly
with regard to the Church: Even J- D- has not
now the least thought of leaving it, but attends there, be the
Minister good or bad. On Tuesday, 8; having settled all
our little affairs, we parted in much love.
Wed. 9.-I rode over to Killiheen, a German settlement.
near twenty miles south of Limerick. It rained all the way;
REV. J. WESLEY'S
but the earnestness of the poor people made us quite forget it.
In the evening I preached to another colony of Germans, at
Ballygarane. The third is at Court-Mattrass, a mile from
Killiheen. I suppose three such towns are scarce to be found
again in England or Ireland. There is no cursing or
swearing, no Sabbath-breaking, no drunkenness, no ale-house,
in any of them. How will these poor foreigners rise up in
the judgment against those that are round about them !
Fri. 11.-I preached in the new House at Clare, to a
genteel congregation. What a contrast between these and
the poor people at Killiheen! We had a still more genteel
congregation the next morning at nine in the Court-House
at Ennis, to whom I spoke with all plainness. I did the same
on Sunday morning; so if they.hear me no more, I am clear
of their blood. I took my leave of them at Clare in the
afternoon, and in the evening returned to Limerick.
Wed. 16.-I rode to Newmarket, which was another German
settlement. But the poor settlers, with all their diligence and
frugality, could not procure even the coarsest food to eat, and
the meanest raiment to put on, under their merciful landlords:
So that most of these, as well as those at Ballygarane, have
been forced to seek bread in other places; some of them in
distant parts of Ireland, but the greater part in America.
Thur. 17.-I met the classes at Limerick, and found a
considerable decrease. And how can it be otherwise, where
vice flows as a torrent, unless the children of God are all life,
zeal, activity ? In hopes of quickening them, I preached at
seven in the old camp, to more than twice the usual congre-
gation; which the two next evenings was more numerous still,
and equally attentive. I was well pleased to see a little army
of soldiers there, and not a few of their Officers. Nor did
they behave as unconcerned hearers, but like men that really
desired to save their souls.
Sun. 20.-I took my leave of that comfortable place, where
some thousands of people were assembled. I have seen no.
such sight since I came to the kingdom. They not only filled
all the lower ground, but completely covered the banks that
surround it, though they stood as close as possible. I
exhorted them to ask for the old paths, and walk therein,"
that they might "find rest to" their "souls." We had after-
wards a solemn meeting of the society, in confidence that
God would revive his work.
July, 1760.] JOURNAL. 11
Mon. 21.-I left Limerick, and about noon preached at
Shronill, near a great house which a gentleman built many
years ago: But he cannot yet afford to finish it, having only
thirty thousand a year, and some hundred thousands in ready
The beggars but a common lot deplore:
The rich-poor man's emphatically poor.
At six I preached at the camp near Caire, to a large and
serious congregation of soldiers. Thence we rode on to
Clonmell, where I preached, near the barracks, at eight in
the morning, to a wild, staring people; but quiet perforce;
for the soldiers kept them in awe. We rode in the afternoon
to Waterford, where our friends had procured a commodious
place, inclosed on all sides. I preached there three evenings,
with great hope of doing good. Our large Room was full
every morning. O why should we despair of any souls whom
God hath made?
Thur. 24.-I looked over that well-wrote book, Mr.
Smith's State of the County and City of Waterford." He
plainly shows, that twelve hundred years ago Ireland was a
flourishing kingdom. It seems to have been declining almost
ever since; especially after it was torn into several independent
kingdoms. Thenceforward it grew more and more wild and
barbarous, for several hundred years. In Queen Elizabeth's
time it began to revive; and it increased greatly both in
trade and inhabitants, till the deadly blow which commenced
on October 23, 1641. Three hundred thousand Protestants,
by a moderate computation, were then destroyed in less than
a year; and more than twice as many Papists, within a few
years following: Most of these were adults; and this was a
loss which the nation has not recovered yet. Nay, it will
probably require another century, to restore the number of
inhabitants it had before.
Fri. 25.-I preached once more near the barracks in
Clonmell, and the next morning took horse at four. About
eleven the sun was scorching hot, till a little cloud rose and
covered us till we were near Rathcormuck. Here we rested
two hours, and then rode on (mostly shaded by flying clouds)
Sun. 27.-The House was well filled; but I expect small
increase of the work of God till we preach abroad. Thursday,
81. I rode to Bandon; but my good old friend, Mrs. Jones,
REV. J. WESLEY'S
did not stay for my coming. She was released out of life
some weeks ago, in the seventy-second year of her age. I
preached, as usual, in the main street, to a large and attentive
congregation. And they were nearly doubled the next
evening; yet all behaved with the utmost decency. The
market obliged me to preach in the House on Saturday in
the afternoon; a very neat and lightsome building. Having
spent the time proposed here, with much satisfaction, in the
evening I returned to Cork.
Sunday, AUGUST 3.-I had wrote to the Commanding
Officer for leave to preach near the barracks; but he was just
gone out of town; so I was obliged once more to coop myself
up in the Room. Monday, 4. Knowing by the experiment I
made two years since, that it was an entertainment above the
taste of our evening congregation, I read some select letters
at five in the morning, to those who desired to hear them.
And many of them were not a little comforted and established
in the ways of God.
Thur. 7.-In the afternoon I set out for Kinsale. In the
way a violent storm drove us into a little hut, where a poor
woman was very thankful for physical advice, and another
for a little money to buy her food. The sky then clearing,
we soon reached Kinsale, where I preached at six in the
Exchange, to a multitude of soldiers, and not a few of the
dull, careless townsfolk. At five in the morning, it being a
field-day, the soldiers could not attend; but I had a large
and serious congregation notwithstanding. Surely good
might be done here also, would our Preachers always preach
in the Exchange, as they may without any molestation,
instead of a little, ugly, dirty garret.
About nine, a sharp storm having put an end to their
exercise, I went to the soldiers in the field. I stood so near
the intrenchments of the fort, that they could hear within as
well as without. The sun indeed shone extremely hot on my
head; but presently a cloud interposed. And when I began
to be chill (for the wind was high and sharp) it removed till I
wanted it again. How easily may we see the hand of God
in small things as well as great! And why should a little
pointless raillery make us ashamed to acknowledge it?
In the evening I preached to the usual congregation in the
main street at Bandon, on, Her ways are ways of pleasant-
ness, and all her paths peace." The congregation was near
twice as large, at five in the morning, as it was last week
when I preached an hour later.
Sun. 10.-After preaching at seven, in an house crowded
within and without, I left this comfortable place, and went
back to Cork. I had a desire to preach abroad in the evening;
but the weather would not permit. When the society met, a
person hugely daubed with gold thrust violently in. By his
appearance I should have judged him to be some Nobleman.
But I was afterward informed it was Dr. Taylor.
On Monday and Tuesday I took an account of the society,
and was grieved, though not surprised, to find such a declen-
sion. I left two hundred and ninety members: I find only
two hundred and thirty-three. And what will the end be,
unless those that remain learn to bear one another's burdens ?
Adding to those in the other provinces about six hundred
who are in Munster, the whole number is a little above two
Our evening congregations this week were smaller than
usual; as the Gentry were engaged in a more important affair.
A company of players were in town. However, many of them
came on Friday; for a watch-night was newer to them than
Mon. 18.-Being advised from Dublin that Captain Dansey
(with whom I desired to sail) would sail on the 19th or 20th, I
took horse early, and reached Clonmell between five and six in
the evening. I took my usual stand near the barrack-gate;
and had abundantly more than my usual congregation, as it
was the Assize week, so that the town was extremely full of
Gentry as well as common people.
Tues. 19.-We had many light showers, which cooled the
air and laid the dust. We dined at Kilkenny, noble in ruins:
I see no such remains of magnificence in the kingdom. The
late Duke of Ormond's house, on the top of a rock, hanging
over the river, the ancient cathedral, and what is left of many
grand buildings, yield a melancholy pleasure. Thus
A little power, a little sway,
A sun-beam in a winter's day,
Is all the great and mighty have
Between the cradle and the grave !
We lodged at Castle-Dermot, and reached Dublin on
Wednesday, 20; but Captain Dansey was not to sail this
REV. J. WESLEY'S
week. I then inquired for a Chester ship, and found one
which was expected to sail on Friday morning: But on
Friday morning the Captain sent us word he must wait for
General Montague. So in the afternoon I rode over to the
Skirries, where the packet lay; but before I came thither, the
wind, which was fair before, shifted to the east, and blew a
storm. I saw the hand of God, and, after resting awhile,
rode cheerfully back to Dublin. It being the watch-night, I
came just in time to spend a comfortable hour with the
congregation. O how good it is to have no choice of our
own, but to leave all things to the will of God !
Sat. 23.-The Captain of the Chester ship sent word the
General would not go, and he would sail the next morning.
So we have one day more to spend in Ireland. Let us live
this day as if it were our last.
Sun. 24.-At seven I took leave of my friends, and about
noon embarked in the Nonpareil for Chester. We had forty or
fifty passengers on board, half of whom were cabin passengers.
I was afraid we should have an uneasy time, in the midst of
such a crowd of Gentry. We sailed out with a fair wind,
but at four in the afternoon it failed, and left us in a dead
calm. I then made the gentlemen an offer of preaching,
which they thankfully accepted. While I was preaching, the
wind sprung up fair; but the next day we were becalmed
again. In the afternoon they desired me to give them another
sermon; and again the wind sprung up while I was speaking,
and continued till, about noon, on Tuesday, we landed at
Being in haste, I would not stay for my own horse, which
I found could not land till low water. So I bought one,
and, having hired another, set forward without delay. We
reached Whitchurch that evening.
Wed. 27.-We breakfasted at Newport, where, finding our
horses begin to fail, we thought it best to take the Birmingham
road, that, if they should fail us altogether, we might stay
among our friends. But they would go no farther than
Wolverhampton; so we hired fresh horses there, and imme-
diately set out for Worcester. But one of them soon after fell,
*and gave me such a shock, (though I did not quit my seat,)
-that I was seized with a violent bleeding at the nose, which
clothing we could apply would stop. So we were obliged to
go a foot pace for two miles, and then stay at Broadwater.
Thur. 28.-Soon after we set out, the other horse fell lame.
An honest man, at Worcester, found this was owing to a bad
:shoe. A smith cured this by a new shoe; but at the same
time, by paring the hoof too close, he effectually lamed the
other foot, so that we had hard work to reach Gloucester.
After resting here awhile, we pushed on to Newport, where I
took a chaise, and reached Bristol before eleven.
I spent the two following days with the Preachers, who
had been waiting for me all the week: And their love and
'unanimity was such as soon made me forget all my labour.
Mon. SEPTEMBER .--I set out for Cornwall, preaching
*at Shepton, Middlesey, and Tiverton, in the way. Wednes-
day, 3. I reached Launceston, and found the small remains
of a dead, scattered society: And no wonder, as they have
had scarce any discipline, and only one sermon in a fortnight.
On Friday, 5, I found just such another society at Camel-
ford. But their deadness here was owing to bitterness against
each other. In the morning I heard the contending parties
face to face; and they resolved and promised, on all sides,
to let past things he forgotten. O how few have learned
to forgive "one another, as God, for Christ's sake, hath
forgiven" us !
Sat. 6.-We had an exceeding lively congregation in the
,evening at Trewalder. Indeed, all the society stands well, and
"adorns the doctrine of God our Saviour." Sunday, 7. At
,eight I preached again, and was much comforted. I then rode
to Port-Isaac church, and had the satisfaction of hearing an
,excellent sermon. After service I preached at a small distance
:from the church to a numerous congregation; and to a far
more numerous one in the town, at five in the afternoon.
In examining this society, I found much reason to bless
'God on their behalf. They diligently observe all the Rules
-of the society, with or without a Preacher. They constantly
:attend the church and sacrament, and meet together at the
times appointed. The consequence is, that thirty out of
thirty-five, their whole number, continue to walk in the light
,of God's countenance.
Mon. 8.-A gentleman followed me to my inn at St.
'Columb, and carried me to his house, where were three or four
more as friendly as himself. One of them rode with me
:seven or eight miles, and gave me a pleasing account of two
.young Clergymen, Mr. C- and Mr. Phelps, who had the
REV. J. WESLEY'S
care of three adjoining parishes. Surely God has a favour for
the people of these parts! He gives them so serious, zealous,
lively Ministers. By these and the Methodists together, the
line is now laid, with no inconsiderable interruption, all along
the north sea, from the eastern point of Cornwall to the
Land's End. In a while, I trust, there will be no more cause
on these coasts to accuse Britannos hospitibusferos.*
The congregation at St. Agnes in the evening was, I
suppose, double to that at Port-Isaac. We had near as
many, Tuesday, 9, at five in the morning, as the preaching-
house could contain. Afterward I examined the society, and
was surprised and grieved to find that, out of ninety-eight
persons, all but three or four had forsaken the Lord's Table.
I told them my thoughts very plain: They seemed convinced,
and promised no more to give place to the devil.
Wed. 10.-I had much conversation with Mr. Phelps; a
man ot an humble, loving, tender spirit. Between him on the
one hand, and the Methodists on the other, most in the
parish are now awakened. Let but our brethren have "zeal
according to knowledge," and few will escape them both.
When I came to St. Ives, I was determined to preach
abroad; but the wind was so high, I could not stand where I
had intended. But we found a little inclosure near it, one
end of which was native rock, rising ten or twelve feet perpen-
dicular, from which the ground fell with an easy descent. A
jetting out of the rock, about four feet from the ground, gave
me a very convenient pulpit. Here well nigh the whole town,
high and low, rich and poor, assembled together. Nor was
there a word to be heard, or a smile seen, from one end of the
congregation to the other. It was just the same the three
following evenings. Indeed I was afraid on Saturday, that
the roaring of the sea, raised by the north wind, would have
prevented their hearing. But God gave me so clear and
strong a voice, that I believe scarce one word was lost.
Sun. 14.-At eight I chose a large ground, the sloping side
of a meadow, where the congregation stood, row above row, so
that all might see as well as hear. It was a beautiful sight.
Every one seemed to take to himself what was spoken. I
believe every backslider in the town was there. And surely
God was there to heal their backslidings."
* Britons as inhospitable, or cruel, to strangers.-EDTT.
I began at Zennor, as soon as the Church Service ended:
I suppose scarce six persons went away. Seeing many there
who did once run well, I addressed myself to them in
particular. The spirit of mourning was soon poured out;
and some of them wept bitterly. O that the Lord may yet
return unto them, and "leave a blessing behind him !"
At five I went once more into the ground at St. Ives, and
found such a congregation as I think was never seen in a
place before (Gwennap excepted) in this county. Some of
the chief of the town were now not in the skirts, but in the
thickest of the people. The clear sky, the setting sun, the
smooth, still water, all agreed with the state of the audience.
Is any thing too hard for God? May we not well say, in
Thou dost the raging sea control,
And smooth the prospect of the deep;
Thou mak'st the sleeping billows roll,
Thou mak'st the rolling billows sleep ?
Mon. 15.-I inquired concerning the uncommon storm,
which was here on March 9, the last year. It began near the
Land's End, between nine and ten at night, and went east-
ward not above a mile broad, over St. Just, Morva, Zennor,
St. Ives, and Gwinear, whence it turned northward, over the
s'ea. It uncovered all the houses in its way, and was accom-
panied with impetuous rain. About a mile south-east from St.
Ives, it tore up a rock, twelve or fourteen ton weight, from
the top of a rising ground, and whirled it down upon another,
which it split through, and at the same time dashed itself in
pieces. It broke down the pinnacles of Gwinear church, which
forced their way through the roof. And it was remarkable,
the rain which attended it was as salt as any sea-water.
At one I preached in Madron parish, and then rode to St.
Just. I have not seen such a congregation here for twice
seven years. Abundance of backsliders being present, I chiefly
applied to them. Some of them smiled at first; but it was
not long before their mirth was turned into mourning: And
I believe few, if any, went away without a witness from God,
that he willeth not the death of a sinner."
Tues. 16.-At five the Room was near full; and the great
power of God was in the midst of them. It was now accom-
panied with one unusual effect: The mouth of those whom it
most affected was literally stopped. Several of them came to
VOL. III. C
REV. J. WESLEY'S
me and could not speak one word; very few could utter three
sentences. I re-joined to the society ten or eleven backsliders,
and added some new members. Here (as at Port-Isaac, St.
Agnes, and St. Ives) we are called to thankfulness; and at
most other places, to patience.
All the day it blew a storm; and in the evening, though
the rain ceased, the furious wind continued. I ordered all the
windows of the preaching-house to be set open, so that most
could hear without as well as within. I preached on, "He
will not break the bruised reed, nor quench the smoking
flax." And again God applied his word, both to wound, and
to heal them that were already wounded.
About this time I wrote the following letter:-
To the Editor of the London Chronicle.
"SIR, September 17, 1760.
"As you sometimes insert things of a religious nature in
your paper, I shall count it a favour if you will insert this.
"Some years ago I published 'A Letter to Mr. Law;
and, about the same time, An Address to the Clergy.' Of
the former, Mr. Law gives the following account, in his
'Collection of Letters' lately published:-
'To answer Mr. Wesley's letter seems to be quite
needless, because there is nothing substantial or properly
argumentative in it. I was once a kind of oracle to Mr.
W- I judged him to be much under the power of his
own spirit. To this was owing the false censure which he
published against the Mystics, as enemies to good works.'
Pp. 128, 130. His letter is such a juvenile composition of
emptiness and pertness, as is below the character of any.man
who had been serious in religion for half a month. It was
not ability, but necessity, that put his pen into his hand. He
had preached much against my books; and forbid his people
the use of them; and for a cover of all this, he promised,
from time to time, to write against them; therefore an answer
was to be made at all adventures. He and the Pope conceive
the same reasons for condemning the mystery revealed by
Jacob Behme.' P. 190.
Of the latter he gives this account:-' The Pamphlet you
sent is worse than no advice at all; but infinitely beyond Mr.
Wesley's Babylonish Address to the Clergy; almost all of
which is empty babble, fitter for an old grammarian that was
grown blear-eyed in mending dictionaries, than for one who
had tasted of the powers of the world to come.' P. 198.
I leave others to judge whether an answer to that letter
be quite needless or no; and whether there be any thing sub-
stantial in it; but certainly there is something argumentative.
The very queries relating to Jacob's Philosophy are argu-
ments, though not in form; and perhaps most of them will
be thought conclusive arguments, by impartial readers. Let
these likewise judge if there are not arguments in it (whether
conclusive or no) relating to that entirely new system of
divinity which he has revealed to the world.
"It is true, that Mr. Law, whom I love and reverence
now, was once 'a kind of oracle' to me. He thinks I am still
'under the power of' my own spirit,' as opposed to the Spirit
of God. If I am, yet my censure of the Mystics is not at
all owing to this, but to my reverence for the Oracles of God,
which, while I was fond of them, I regarded less and less;
till, at length, finding I could not follow both, I exchanged
the Mystic writers for the scriptural.
"It is sure, in exposing the Philosophy of Behme, I use
ridicule as well as argument; and yet, I trust I have, by the
grace of God, been in some measure 'serious in religion,'
not 'half a month' only, but ever since I was six years old,
which is now about half a century. I do not know that the
Pope has condemned him at all, or that he has any reason so
to do. My reason is this, and no other: I think he contra-
dicts Scripture, reason, and himself; and that he has seduced
many unwary souls from the Bible-way of salvation. A
strong conviction of this, and a desire to guard others against
that dangerous seduction, laid me under a necessity of
writing that letter. I was under no other necessity; though
I doubt not but Mr. Law heard I was, and very seriously
believed it. I very rarely mention his books in public; nor
are they in the way of one in an hundred of those whom he
terms my people; meaning, I suppose, the people called
Methodists. I had therefore no temptation, any more thau
power, to forbid the use of them to the Methodists in general.
Whosoever informed Mr. Law of this, wanted either sense or
"He is so deeply displeased with the 'Address to the
Clergy,' because it speaks strongly in favour of learning; but
still, if this part of it is only 'fit for an old grammarian,
REV. J. WESLEY'S
grown blear-eyed in mending dictionaries,' it will not follow
that 'almost all of it is mere empty babble;' for a large part
of it much more strongly insists on a single eye, and a clean
heart. Heathen Philosophers may term this 'empty babble;'
but let not Christians either account or call it so!"
Wed. 17.-The Room at St. Just was quite full at five, and
God gave us a parting blessing. At noon I preached on the
cliff near Penzance, where no one now gives an uncivil word.
Here I procured an account, from an eye-witness, of what
happened the twenty-seventh of last month. A round pillar,
narrowest at bottom, of a whitish colour, rose out of the sea
near Mousehole, and reached the clouds. One who was riding
over the strand from Marazion to Penzance saw it stand for a
short space, and then move swiftly toward her, till, the skirt
of it touching her, the horse threw her and ran away. It had
a strong sulphurous smell. It dragged with it abundance of
sand and pebbles from the shore; and then went over the
land, carrying with it corn, furze, or whatever it found in its
way. It was doubtless a kind of water-spout; but a water-
spout on land, I believe, is seldom seen.
The storm drove us into the House at Newlyn also.
Thursday, 18. As we rode from thence, in less than half an
hour we were wet to the skin; but when we came to Penhale,
the rain ceased; and, the people flocking from all parts, we
had a comfortable opportunity together. About six I preached
near Helstone. The rain stopped till I had done, and soon
after was as violent as before.
Fri. 19.-I rode to Illogan. We had heavy rain before
I began, but scarce any while I was preaching. I learned
several other particulars here concerning the water-spout. It
was seen near Mousehole an hour before sunset. About
sunset it began travelling over the land, tearing up all the
furze and shrubs it met. Near an hour after sunset it passed
(at the rate of four or five miles an hour) across Mr. Harris's
fields, in Camborne, sweeping the ground as it went, about
twenty yards diameter at bottom, and broader and broader
up to the clouds. It made a noise like thunder, took up
eighteen stacks of corn, with a large hay-stack and the stones
whereon it stood, scattered them all abroad, (but it was quite
dry,) and then passed over the cliff into the sea.
Sat. 20.-In the evening I took my old stand in the main
street at Redruth. A multitude of people, rich and poor,
calmly attended. So is the roughest become one of the
quietest towns in England.
Sun. 21.-I preached in the same place at eight. Mr.
C- of St. Cubert, preached at the church both morning
and afternoon, and strongly confirmed what I had spoken.
At one, the day being mild and calm, we had the largest
congregation of all. But it rained all the time I was preach-
ing at Gwennap. We concluded the day with a love-feast,
at which James Roberts, a tinner of St. Ives, related how
God had dealt with his soul. He was one of the first in
society in St. Ives, but soon relapsed into his old sin, drunken-
ness, and wallowed in it for two years, during which time
he headed the mob who pulled down the preaching-house.
Not long after, he was standing with his partner at Edward
May's shop when the Preacher went by. His partner said,
"I will tell him I am a Methodist." "Nay," said Edward,
"your speech will bewray you." James felt the word as a
sword, thinking in himself, So does my speech now bewray
me!" He turned and hastened home, fancying he heard
the devil stepping after him all the way. For forty hours he
never closed his eyes, nor tasted either meat or drink. He
was then at his wit's end, and went to the window, looking
to drop into hell instantly, when he heard those words, "I
will be merciful to thy unrighteousness, thy sins and iniquities
will I remember no more." All his load was gone; and he
has now for many years walked worthy of the Gospel.
Mon. 22.-I preached at Penryn in the evening. It rained
before and after, but not while I was preaching. While we
were at prayer, a sheet of light seemed to fill the yard, and
"the voice of the Lord" was heard over our heads. This
fixed the impression they had received upon the minds of
many; as if it had said, in express terms, "Prepare to meet
thy God !"
On Wednesday evening, having (over and above meeting
the societies) preached thirty times in eleven days, I found
myself a little exhausted; but a day's rest set me up: So on
Friday, 26, I preached at noon again near Liskeard. In the
afternoon we had rain and wind enough; and when we came
to Saltash, no boat would venture out: So we were obliged
to take up our lodgings there.
Sat. 27.-Finding there was no hope of passing here, the
vind being as high as ever, we determined to ride round by
REV. J. WESLEY'S
the new bridge. The rain still fell on either side; but for
near twenty miles we had not one drop, and not a considerable
shower all day. Soon after four in the afternoon we came
safe to Plymouth-Dock.
I had but a melancholy prospect here, finding most of the
people dead as stones: And when I took an account of the
society, only thirty-four, out of seventy, were left. At seven
in the evening, and at five in the morning, I strongly
exhorted them to return to God. At eight I did the same,
and at five in the afternoon; and God made his word as an
hammer. At the meeting of the society, likewise, strong and
effectual words were given me. Many were convinced afresh;
many backsliders cut to the heart: And I left once more
between sixty and seventy members.
Mon. 29.-Being invited by the Minister of Mary-Week to
preach in his church, I crossed over the country, and came
thither about four in the afternoon. The congregation was
large, considering the weather, and quite attentive and uncon-
cerned. Hence I rode on to Mill-House, and the next day
to Collumpton; where, finding the congregation waiting, I
began preaching without delay, and felt no weariness or want
of strength till I had delivered my message to them.
Wed. OCTOBER 1.-After preaching at five, I examined the
society, and found them more alive to God than I had done
for many years. About one I preached at Halberton, and at
Tiverton in the evening. The next morning I rode to
Maiden-Down, where the congregation was waiting for me.
About noon I preached at Taunton. The rain lessened the
congregation at Bridgewater; a dead, uncomfortable place, at
best. About seven we set out thence for Baderipp, in as
dark a night as I ever saw: But God gave his angels charge
over us, and we dashed not our foot against a stone.
I was surprised to see a congregation at five in the morning,
to whom I spoke with much enlargement of heart. About
one I preached at Shepton-Mallet, and about seven in the
evening at Bristol.
Sun. 5.-I perceived, by the liveliness of the people, that
Mr. Gilbert's labour had not been in vain. But I found some
exercise too: And this is always to be expected among a large
body of people; it being certain that as "all men have not
faith," so all believers have not wisdom.
Sun. 12.-I visited the classes at Kingswood. Here only
there is no increase; and yet, where was there such a
prospect, till that weak man, John Cenuick, confounded the
poor people with strange doctrines ? 0 what mischief may
be done by one that means well! We see no end of it tV
In the afternoon I had appointed the children to meet
at Bristol, whose parents were of the society. Thirty of
them came to-day, and above fifty more on the Sunday and
Thursday.following. About half of these I divided into four
classes, two of boys, and two of girls; and appointed proper
Leaders to meet them separate. I met them all together,
twice a week; and it was not long before God began to touch
some of their hearts.
On Tuesday and Wednesday I visited some of the societies
in the country. On Thursday I returned to Bristol, and in
the afternoon preached a charity-sermon in Newgate, for the
use of the poor prisoners.
On the three following days I spoke severally to the
members of the society. As many of them increase in
worldly goods, the great danger I apprehend now is, their
relapsing into the spirit of the world: And then their religion
is but a dream.
Wed. 22.-Being informed that some neighboring gentle-
men had declared they would apprehend the next Preacher
who came to Pensford, I rode over to give them the meeting:
But none appeared. The house was more than filled with
deeply attentive hearers. It seems, the time is come at
length for the word of God to take root here also.
Fri. 24.-I visited the French prisoners at Knowle, and
found many of them almost naked again. In hopes of pro-
voking others to jealousy, I made another collection for them,
and ordered the money to be laid out in linen and waistcoats,
which were given to those that were most in want.
Sat. 25.-King George was gathered to his fathers. When
will England have a better Prince ?
Many of us agreed to observe Friday, 31, as a day of
fasting and prayer for the blessing of God upon our nation,
and in particular on His present Majesty. We met at five,
at nine, at one, and at half-hour past eight. I expected to be
a little tired, but was more lively after twelve at night than I
was at six in the morning.
Sat. NOVEMBER 1.-I had the pleasure of spending a little
REV. J. WESLEY'S
time with that venerable man, Mr. Walker, of Truro. I fear
his physicians do not understand his case. If he recovers, it
must be through an almighty Physician.
Mon. 3.-I left Bristol, and took Bath, Bradford, and
Frome, in my way to Salisbury, where I spent a day with
much satisfaction. Friday, 7. I preached about nine at
Andover, to a few dead stones; at one in Whitchurch, and in
the evening at Basingstoke. The next day, Saturday, 8, I
was once more brought safe to London.
I spent about a fortnight, as usual, in examining the
society; a heavy, but necessary, labour.
Mon. 17.-I sent the following letter:-
To the Editor of Lloyd's Evening Post.
"SIR, November 17, 1760.
IN your last paper we had a letter from a very angry
gentleman, (though he says he had put himself into as good
humour as possible,) who personates a Clergyman, but is, I
presume, in reality, a retainer to the theatre. He is very warm
against the people vulgarly called Methodists, 'ridiculous
impostors,' 'religious buffoons,' as he styles them; 'saint-
errants,' (a pretty and quaint phrase,) full of 'inconsiderate-
ness, madness, melancholy, enthusiasm;' teaching a 'knotty
and unintelligible system' of religion, yea, a 'contradictory
or self-contradicting;' nay, a 'mere illusion,' a' destructive
scheme, and of pernicious consequence;' since 'an hypothesis
is a very slippery foundation to hazard our all upon.'
Methinks the gentleman has a little mistaken his character:
He seems to have exchanged the sock for the buskin. But, be
this as it may, general charges prove nothing: Let us come to
particulars. Here they are: The basis of Methodism is the
grace of assurance,' (excuse a little impropriety of expression,)
'regeneration being only a preparative to it.' Truly this is
somewhat knotty and unintelligible.' I will endeavour to help
him out. The fundamental doctrine of the people called
Methodists is, Whosoever will be saved, before all things it is
necessary that he hold the true faith; the faith which works by
love; which, by means of the love of God and our neighbour,
produces both inward and outward holiness. This faith is
an evidence of things not seen; and he that thus believes is
regenerate, or born of God; and he has the witness in
himself: (Call it assurance, or what you please:) The Spirit
itself witnesses with his spirit that he is a child of God.
'From what scripture' every one of these propositions 'is
collected,' any common Concordance will show. 'This is the
true portraiture of Methodism,' so called. 'A religion supe-
rior to this' (the love of God and man) none can 'enjoy,'
either in time or in eternity.
"But the Methodists do not hold 'good works merit-
orious.' No; neither does ours, or any other Protestant
Church. But meantime they hold it is their bounden duty,
as they have time, to do good unto all men; and they know
the day is coming wherein God will reward every man
according to his works.
"But they 'act with sullenness and sourness, and account
innocent gaiety and cheerfulness a crime almost as heinous as
sacrilege.' Who does? Name the men. I know them not,
and therefore doubt the fact; though it is very possible you
account that kind of gaiety innocent which I account both
foolish and sinful.
"I know none who denies that true religion, that is, love,
the love of God and our neighbour, 'elevates our spirits, and
renders our minds cheerful and serene.' It must, if it be
accompanied, as we believe it always is, with peace and joy
in the Holy Ghost; and if it produces a conscience void of
offence toward God and toward man.
"But they 'preach up religion only to accomplish a lucra-
tive design, to fleece their hearers, to accumulate wealth, to
rob and plunder, which they esteem meritorious.' We deny
the fact. Who is able to prove it? Let the affirmer produce
his witnesses, or retract.
"This is the sum of your correspondent's charge, not one
article of which can be proved: But whether it can or no,
' we have made them,' says he, 'a theatrical scoff, and the
common jest and scorn of every chorister in the street.' It
may be so; but whether you have done well herein may still
admit of a question. However, you cannot but wish 'we
had some formal Court of Judicature erected,' (happy Portugal
and Spain !) 'to take cognizance of such matters.' Nay,
cur optas quod habes? Why do you wish for what you have
already? The Court is erected; the holy, devout play-house
is become the house of mercy; and does take cognizance
hereof, 'of all pretenders to sanctity, and happily furnishes
us with a discerning spirit to distinguish betwixt right and
REV. J. WESLEY'S
wrong.' But I do not stand to their sentence; I appeal to
Scripture and reason, and by these alone consent to be judged.
"I am, Sir,
Your humble servant,
Sat. 22.-I was obliged to trouble him with another letter,
"JUST as I had finished the letter published in your last
Friday's paper, four tracts came to my hands; one wrote, or
procured to be wrote, by Mrs. Downes; one by a Clergyman
in the county of Durham; the third, by a gentleman of
Cambridge; and the fourth, by a member (I suppose,
Dignitary) of the Church of Rome. How gladly would I
leave all these to themselves, and let them say just what they
please as my day is far spent, and my taste for controversy
is utterly lost and gone. But this would not be doing justice
to the world, who might take silence for a proof of guilt. I
shall therefore say a word concerning each. I may, perhaps,
some time say more to one or two of them.
The letter which goes under Mrs. Downes's name scarce
deserves any notice at all, as there is nothing extraordinary
in it, but an extraordinary degree of virulence and scurrility.
Two things only I remark concerning it, which I suppose the
writer of it knew as well as me:-1. That my letter to Mr.
Downes was both wrote and printed before Mr. Downes died.
2. That when I said, Tibi parvula res est, Your ability is
small,' I had no view to his fortune, which I knew nothing
of; but, as I there expressly say, to his wit, sense, and
talents, as a writer.
The tract wrote by the gentleman in the north is far more
bulky than this: But it is more considerable for its bulk than
for its matter; being little more than a dull repetition of what
was published some years ago, in' The Enthusiasm of the
Methodists and Papists Compared.' I do not find the author
adds any thing new, unless we may bestow that epithet on a
sermon annexed to his address, which, I presume, will do
neither good nor harm. So I leave the Durham gentleman,
with Mrs. Downes, to himself and his admirers.
"The author of the letter to Mr. Berridge is a more
considerable writer. In many things I wholly agree with him,
though not in admiring Dr. Taylor. But there is a bitterness
even in him, which I should not have expected in a gentle-
man and a scholar. So in the very first page I read, 'The
Church, which most of your graceless fraternity have
deserted.' Were the fact true, (which it is not,) yet is the
expression to be commended ? Surely Dr. G. himself thinks
it is not. I am sorry too for the unfairness of his quotations.
For instance: He cites me, (p. 53,) as speaking of 'faith shed
abroad in men's hearts like lightning.' Faith shed abroad in
men's hearts! I never used such an expression in my life: I
do not talk after this rate. Again, he quotes, as from me,
(p. 57,) so, I presume, Mr. W. means, 'a behaviour does not
pretend to add the least to what Christ has done.' But be
these words whose they may, they are none of mine. I never
spoke, wrote, no, nor read them before. Once more: Is it
well judged for any writer to show such an utter contempt of
his opponents as you affect to do with regard to the whole
body of people vulgarly termed Methodists ? 'You may keep
up,' say you, a little bush-fighting in controversy; you may
skirmish awhile with your feeble body of irregulars; but you
must never trust to your skill in reasoning.' (P. 77.) Upon
this I would ask, 1. If these are such poor, silly creatures,
why does so wise a man set his wit to them? Shall the
King of Israel go out against a flea?' 2. If it should
happen, that any one of these silly bush-fighters steps out
into the plain, engages hand to hand, and foils this champion
by mere dint of reason, will not his defeat be so much the
more shameful as it was more unexpected? But I say the
less at present, not only because Mr. Berridge is able to
answer for himself, but because the title-page bids me expect
a letter more immediately addressed to myself.
"The last tract, entitled 'A Caveat against the Method-
ists,' is, in reality, a caveat against the Church of England, or
rather, against all the Churches in Europe who dissent from
the Church of Rome. Nor do I apprehend the writer to be
any more disgusted at the Methodists than at Protestants
of every denomination; as he cannot but judge it equally
unsafe to join to any society but that of Rome. Accordingly,
all his arguments are levelled at the Reformed Churches in
general, and conclude just as well, if you put the word
Protestant throughout in the place of the word Methodist.
Although, therefore, the author borrows my name to wound
those who suspect nothing less, yet I am no more concerned
REV. J. WESLEY'S
to refute hitn than any other Protestant in England; and
still the less, as those arguments are refuted over and over, in
books which are still common among us.
But is it possible any Protestants, nay, Protestant
Clergyman, should buy these tracts to give away? Is then
the introducing Popery the only way to overthrow Method-
ism ? If they know this, and choose Popery as the smaller
evil of the two, they are consistent with themselves. But if
they do not intend this, I wish them more seriously to
consider what they do. I am, Sir,
"Your humble servant,
Mon. 24.-I visited as many as I could of the sick. How
much better is it, when it can be done, to carry relief to the
poor, than to send it! and that both for our own sake and
theirs. For theirs, as it is so much more comfortable to
them, and as we may then assist them in spirituals as well as
temporals; and for our own, as it is far more apt to soften
our heart, and to make us naturally care for each other.
Mon. DECEMBER 1.-I went in the machine to Canter-
bury. In going and returning I read over "The Christian
Philosopher." It is a very extraordinary book, containing,
among many (as some would be apt to term them) wild
thoughts; several fine and striking observations, not to be
found in any other treatise.
Wed. 3.-I rode to Dover. Who would have expected to
find here some of the best singers in England? I found
likewise what was better still,-a serious, earnest people.
There was a remarkable blessing among them, both in the
evening and the morning; so that I did not regret the having
been wet to the skin in my way to them.
Fri. 12.-Having as far as Hyde-Park-Corner to go, I took
a coach for part of the way, ordering the man to stop anywhere
at the end of Piccadilly next the Haymarket. He stopped
exactly at the door of one of our friends, whose mother, above
ninety years old, had long desired to see me, though I knew
it not. She was exceedingly comforted, and could not tell how
to praise God enough for giving her the desire of her soul.
We observed Friday, the 19th, as a day of fasting and
prayer for our King and country, and the success of the
Gospel: And part of the answer immediately followed, in
the remarkable increase of believers, and in the strengthening
of those who had before attained that precious faith, unto
all patience and long-suffering with joyfulness."
Sat. 20.-In the evening I hastened back from Snowsfields,
to meet the penitents, (a congregation which I wish always to
meet myself,) and walked thither again at five in the morning.
Blessed be God, I have no reason or pretence to spare myself
yet. I preached a charity sermon in West-Street chapel, both
morning and afternoon; but many were obliged to go away,
finding it impossible to get in. Is it novelty still which draws
these from all parts ? No; but the mighty power of God.
To-day I sent the following letter:-
To the Editor of Lloyd's Evening Post.
"To MR. T. H., alias E. L., &c., &c.
"WHAT, my good friend again Only a little disguised
with a new name, and a few scraps of Latin I hoped, indeed,
you had been pretty well satisfied before; but since you desire
to hear a little farther from me, I will add a few words, and
endeavour to set our little controversy in a still clearer light.
"Last month you publicly attacked the people called
Methodists, without either fear or wit. You charged them
with 'madness, enthusiasm, self-contradiction, imposture,'
and what not! I considered each charge, and, I conceive,
refuted it to the satisfaction of all indifferent persons. You
renewed the attack, not by proving any thing, but affirming
the same things over and over. I replied; and, without
taking notice of the dull, low scurrility, either of the first or
second letter, confined myself to the merits of the cause, and
cleared away the dirt you had thrown.
"You now heap together ten paragraphs more, most of
which require very little answer. In the first you say,
'Your foolishness is become the wonder and admiration of
the public.' In the second, 'The public blushes for you, till
you give a better solution to the articles demanded of you.'
In the third, you cite my words, I still maintain 'the Bible,
with the Liturgy, and Homilies of our Church; and do not
espouse any other principles but what are consonant to the
Book of Common-Prayer.' You keenly answer, Granted,
Mr. Methodist; but whether or no you would not espouse
other principles, if you durst, is evident enough from some
innovations you have already introduced, which I shall attempt
to prove in the subsequent part of my answer.' Indeed you
REV. J. WESLEY'S
will not. You neither prove, nor attempt to prove, that I
would espouse other principles if I durst. However, you give
me a deadly thrust: 'You falsify the first Article of the
Athanasian Creed.' But how so ? Why, I said, 'The funda-
mental doctrine of the people called Methodists is, Whosoever
will be saved, before all things it is necessary that he hold the
true faith.' Sir, shall I tell you a secret?-It was for the
readers of your class that I changed the hard word Catholic
into an easier.
In the fourth paragraph you say, 'Did you never use that
phrase, The grace of assurance?' Never, that I remember,
either in preaching or writing; both your ears and eyes have
been very unhappy if they informed you I did: And how
many soever look either sorrowful or joyful, that will not
prove the contrary. But produce your texts.' What, for a
phrase I never use? I pray you, have me excused. But,
(as I said before,) 'from what Scripture every one of my
propositions is collected, any common Concordance will show.'
To save you trouble, I will for once point out those scriptures.
'Whosoever will be saved must believe.' (Mark xvi. 16;
Acts xvi. 31.) This faith works by love.' (Gal. v. 6.) It is
'an evidence of things not seen.' (Heb. xi. 1.) 'He that
believes is born of God.' (1 John v. 1.) He has the witness
in himself.' (Verse 10.) 'The Spirit itself witnesses with his
spirit, that he is a child of God.' (Rom. viii. 16.)
"In the fifth you say, 'You embrace any shift to twist
words to your own meaning.' This is saying just nothing.
Any one may say this of any one. To prove it, is another
point. In the sixth you say, No Protestant Divine ever
taught your doctrine of assurance.' I hope you know no
better; but it is strange you should not. Did you never see
Bishop Hall's Works? Was not he a Protestant Divine?
Was not Mr. Perkins, Bolton, Dr. Sibbs, Dr. Preston, Arch-
bishop Leighton? Inquire a little farther; and do not run
thus hand over head, asserting you know not what. By
assurance, (if we must use the expression,) I mean 'a con-
fidence which a man hath in God, that by the merits of Christ
his sins are forgiven, and he reconciled to the favour of God.'
Stop Do not run your head into a noose again. These are
the words of the Homily.
In the seventh you grant, 'that works are not meritorious,
unless accompanied with faith.' No, nor then neither. But
pray do not talk of this any more, till you know the difference
between meritorious and rewardable; otherwise your ignorance
will cause you to blunder on without shame and without end.
"In your eighth you throw out a hard word, which some-
body has helped you to, Thaumaturg-what is it?-about
Lay Preachers. When you have answered the arguments in
the 'Farther Appeal to Men of Reason and Religion,' I will
say something more upon that head.
"In the ninth you say something, no way material, about
the houses at Bristol, Kingswood, and Newcastle; and, in the
last, you give me a fair challenge to a 'personal dispute.'
Not so; you have fallen upon me in public; and to the public
I appeal. Let all men, not any single umpire, judge whether
I have not refuted your charge, and cleared the people called
Methodists from the foul aspersions which, without why or
wherefore, you had thrown upon them. Let all my country-
men judge which of us have spoken the words of tbuth and
soberness, which has reason on his side, and which has treated
the other with a temper suitable to the Gospel.
"If the general voice of mankind gives it against you, I
hope you will be henceforth less flippant with your pen. I
assure you, as little as you think of it, the Methddists are
not such fools as you suppose. But their desire is to live
peaceably with all men; and none desires this more than
About the close of this year, I received a remarkable
account from Ireland:-
WHEN Miss E- was about fifteen, she frequently heard
the preaching of the Methodists, so called; and though it made
no deep impression, yet she retained a love for them ever after.
About nineteen she was seized with a lingering illness. She
then began to wrestle with God in prayer, that his love might
be shed abroad in her heart. 'Then,' said she, how freely
could I give up all that is dear to me in this world !' And
from this very time she did not expect, nor indeed desire, to
recover; but only to be cleansed from sin, and to go to Christ.
Some who visited her, said, 'O Miss, you need Inot fear;
your innocence will bring you to heaven.' She Iearnestly
replied, 'Unless the merits of Christ plead for m6, and his
nature be imparted to me, I can never enter there.' And
she was incessantly breaking out into these and the like
expressions, 'O that I knew my sins were forgiven! 0 that
REV. J. WESLEY'S
I was born again My one wish is, to know God, and be
with him eternally.'
She frequently sung or repeated that verse,
0 that he would himself impart,
And fix his Eden in my heart,-
The sense of sin forgiven !
How would I then throw off my load,
And walk delightfully with God,
And follow Christ to heaven !
"She had now an earnest desire to see some of the
Methodists, and spoke to several, to ask some of those in
Tullamore to visit her. At length her importunity prevailed,
and James Kelly was sent for. On his coming in, she said,
' I am exceeding glad to see you. I have had a longing
desire of it this month past. I believe the power of God is
with you. If I had health and strength, there should not be
a sermon preached, or a prayer put up, in your preaching-
house, but I would be there.'
"I told her, 'I hope the Spirit of the Lord will be your
present and eternal Comforter.' She answered, 'I can find
no comfort in any thing but in God alone.' While she
spoke, her soul was melted down. The love of God was shed
abroad in her heart, the tears ran down her cheeks, and she
began to rejoice in God exceedingly. Her mother, seeing
this, was fully convinced that there was more in religion than
she had herself experienced; and began to pray, with many
tears, that God would show her his salvation. This so
affected me, that I could not refrain from tears myself; so we
all wept, and prayed, and sang praise together.
On my going to her a second time, I found her truly alive
to God. '0,' she said, 'how I have longed to see you, that
we may be happy in God together! Come let us sing an
hymn.' I gave out,
Of him that did salvation bring,
I could for ever think and sing.
She sung all the time with exceeding joy. Afterwards she said,
' This is a weary world; but I have almost done with it. 0
how I long to be gone Some people tell me I may recover;
but I do not thank them; I do not count them my friends.'
On my saying occasionally, 'There is no satisfaction for sin,
but that which Christ has made by his precious blood;' she
answered, 'That is all the satisfaction I want; and I believe
he both lived and died for me.'
"After this, she gave a strict charge that none should
be admitted to see her but such as could speak for God;
saying, 'I do not love to have a word spoken, which is not
to edification. 0 how unsuitable to me, are all things which
do not tend to the glory of my God!' On her spitting a
large quantity of blood, one said, 'You are in great pain.'
She answered,' I think little of it. My blessed Redeemer
suffered greater pain for me.'
When I stood up to go away, she said, 'I now take my
leave of you. Perhaps we may not meet again in this world;
but I trust we shall meet in heaven. I am going to God.
0 may it be soon I now feel an heaven in my soul.'
"The last time I came was on Sunday, December 14.
Hearing she was extremely ill and wanted rest, we did not go
up, but after a while began singing below. She immediately
heard, sat up in bed, and insisted on our being brought into
the room and singing there. Many times she repeated these
words, 'Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly!' And this she
continued to do till, on Wednesday, 17, she resigned her
soul into the hands of her dear Redeemer."
JANUARY 2, 1761.-I wrote the following letter:-
To the Editor of the London Chronicle.
Or all the seats of woe on this side hell, few, I suppose,
exceed or even equal Newgate. If any region of horror could
exceed it a few years ago, Newgate in Bristol did; so great
was the filth, the stench, the misery, and wickedness, which
shocked all who had a spark of humanity left. How was I
surprised then, when I was there a few weeks ago! 1. Every
part of it, above stairs and below, even the pit, wherein the
felons are confined at night, is as clean and sweet as a gentle-
man's house; it being now a rule, that every prisoner wash
and clean his apartment throughly twice a week. 2. Here is
no fighting or brawling. If any thinks himself ill used, the
cause is immediately referred to the Keeper, who hears the
contending parties face to face, and decides the affair at once.
8. The usual grounds of quarrelling are removed. For it is
very rarely that any one cheats or wrongs another, as being
sure, if anything of this kind is discovered, to be committed
to a closer confinement. 4. Here is no drunkenness suffered,
VOL. III. D
REV. J.. WESLEY'S
however advantageous it might be to the Keeper, as well as
the tapster: 5. Nor any whoredom; the women prisoners
being narrowly observed, and kept separate from the men:
Nor is any woman of the town now admitted, no, not at any
price. 6. All possible care is taken to prevent idleness:
Those who are willing to work at their callings are provided
with tools and materials, partly by the Keeper, who gives them
credit at a very moderate profit, partly by the alms occasion-
ally given, which are divided with the utmost prudence and
impartiality. Accordingly, at this time, among others, a
shoemaker, a tailor, a brazier, and a coachmaker are working
at their several trades. 7. Only on the Lord's day they
neither work nor play, but dress themselves as clean as they
can, to attend the public Service in the chapel, at which every
person under the roof is present. None is excused unless
sick; in which case he is provided, gratis, both with advice and
medicines. 8. And in order to assist them in things of the
greatest concern, (besides a sermon every Sunday and Thurs-
day,) they have a large Bible chained on one side of the
chapel, which any of the prisoners may read. By the blessing
of God on these regulations the prison now has a new face:
Nothing offends either the eye or ear; and the whole has the
appearance of a quiet, serious family. And does not the
Keeper of Newgate deserve to be remembered full as well as
the Man of Ross? May the Lord remember him in that
day! Meantime, will no one follow his example? I am, Sir,
"Your humble servant,
Mon. 5.-This week I wrote to the author of the "West-
minster Journal" as follows:-
"I HOPE you are a person of impartiality; if so, you
will not insert what is urged on one side of a question only,
but likewise what is offered on the other.
"Your correspondent is, doubtless, a man of sense; and
he seems to write in a good humour: But he is extremely
little acquainted with the persons of whom he undertakes to
give an account.
There is gone abroad,' says he, 'an ungoverned spirit of
enthusiasm, propagated by knaves, and embraced by fools.'
Suffer me now to address the gentleman himself. Sir, you
may call me both a knave and a fool: But prove me either the
one or the other, if you can. Why, you are an enthusiast.'
What do you mean by the term ? A believer in Jesus Christ?
An assertor of his equality with the Father, and of the entire
Christian Revelation? Do you mean one who maintains the
antiquated doctrines of the New Birth, and Justification by
Faith? Then I am an enthusiast. But if you mean any
thing else, either prove or retract the charge.
"The enthusiasm which has lately gone abroad is faith
which worketh by love. Does this 'endanger government
itself?' Just the reverse. Fearing God, it honours the
King. It teaches all men to be subject to the higher powers,
not for wrath, but for conscience' sake.
"But, 'no power in England ought to be independent of
the supreme power.' Most true; yet 'the Romanists own
the authority of a Pope, independent of civil government.'
They do, and thereby show their ignorance of the English
constitution. 'In Great Britain we have many Popes, for so
I must call all who have the souls and bodies of their followers
devoted to them.' Call them so, and welcome. But this
does not touch me; nor Mr. Whitefield, Jones, or Romaine;
nor any whom I am acquainted with: None of us have our
followers thus devoted to us. Those who follow the advice
we constantly give are devoted to God, not man. But the
Methodist proclaims he can bring into the field twenty-five
thousand men.' What Methodist? Where and when?
Prove this fact, and I will allow you, I am a Turk.
But it is said they are all good subjects. Perhaps they
are; because under a Protestant government they have all the
indulgence they can wish for.' And do you seriously wish
for a Popish government to abridge them of that indulgence?
'But has not a bad use been made of this? Has not the
decency of religion been perverted?' Not in the least: The
decency of religion is never so well advanced, as by advancing
inward and outward religion together. 2. Have not the
minds of the vulgar been darkened to a total neglect of their
civil and social duties?' Just the contrary: Thousands in
London, as well as elsewhere, have been enlightened to under-
stand, and prevailed on to practise, those duties, as they never
did before. 3. 'Has not the peace of many families been
ruined?' The lost peace of many families has been restored.
In others, a furious opposition to true religion has occasioned
division, as our Lord foretold it would. 4. Have not the
REV. J. WESLEY'S
circumstances of many industrious tradesmen been hurt ?
I believe not. I know no instance; but I know an hundred
tradesmen in London who began to be industrious since they
began to fear God, and their circumstances, low enough till
then, are now easy and affluent.
"I am almost ashamed to spend time upon these thread-
bare objections, which have been answered over and over.
But if they are advanced again, they must be answered again,
lest silence should pass for guilt.
"' But how can the government distinguish between tender-
ness of conscience, and schemes of interest ?' Nothing more
easy. 'They may withdraw the licenses of such.' Sir, you
have forgot the question. Before they withdraw them, they
are to distinguish whether they are such or no. And how
are they to do this? '0, it is very easy!' So you leave
them as wise as they were before.
"But, the Methodist who pretends to be of the Church
of England in forms of worship, and differs from her in point
of doctrine, is not, let his pretences be what they will, a
member of that Church.' Alas, Sir! your friends will not
thank you for this. You have broke their heads sadly. Is
no man of the Church, let him pretend what he will, who
differs from her in point of doctrine? Au obsecro; cave
dixeris !* I know not but you may stumble upon scandalum
magnatum:t But stay; you will bring them off quickly.
'A truly good man may scruple signing and swearing to
Articles, that his mind and reason cannot approve of.' But
is he a truly good man who does not scruple signing and
swearing to Articles which he cannot approve of? However,
this doth not affect us; for we do not differ from our Church
in point of doctrine: But all do who deny justification by
faith; therefore, according to you, they are no members of
the Church of England.
"'Methodist Preachers,' you allow, practise, sign, and
swear whatever is required by law;' a very large concession;
' but the reserves they have are incommunicable and unintel-
ligible.' Favour us, Sir, with a little proof of this; till then
I must plead, Not Guilty. In whatever I sign or swear to, I
have no reserve at all. And I have again and again com-
municated my thoughts on most heads, to all mankind; ?
Stop, I beseech you, and beware of what you say.-EDIT.
+ Libel on persons of exalted rank.-EDIT.
believe intelligibly; particularly in the 'Appeals to Men
of Reason and Religion.'
"But, 'if Methodism, as its professors pretend, be a new
discovery in religion:' This is a grievous mistake; we pretend
no such thing. We aver it is the one old religion; as old as
the Reformation, as old as Christianity, as old as Moses, as
old as Adam.
'They ought to discover the whole ingredients of which
their nostrum is composed; and have it enrolled in the public
register, to be perused by all the world.' It is done. The
whole ingredients of Methodism, so called, have been dis-
covered in print over and over; and they are enrolled in a
public register, the Bible, from which we extracted them at
first. 'Else they ought not to be tolerated.' We allow it,
and desire toleration on no other terms. Nor should they be
suffered to add or alter one grain different from what is so
registered.' Most certainly. We ought neither to add or
diminish, nor alter whatever is written in that book.
I wish, Sir, before you write concerning the Methodists
again, you would candidly read some of their writings.
Common report is not a sure rule of judging: I should be
unwilling to judge of you thereby.
S"To sum up the matter. The whole ingredients of our
religion are, love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness,
goodness, fidelity, meekness, temperance. Against these, I
think, there is no law; and, therefore, I still apprehend they
may be tolerated, at least in a Christian country. I am, Sir,
"Your sincere well-wisher,
Fri. 9.-I rode to Sundon, and preached in the evening;
and the next evening at Bedford. Sunday, 11. I read
Prayers and preached at Everton, both morning and afternoon.
Monday, 12. I rode to Colchester; and, after spending two
or three comfortable days, on Friday, 16, went on to Bury.
I would gladly have stayed a day or two here, had it been
only on account of the severity of the weather; but I had
work to do elsewhere. So I took horse soon after preaching
in the morning, Saturday, 17, though as bitter an one as
most I have known. I never before felt so piercing a wind
as that which met us in riding out of the gate at day-break.
To think of looking up was a vain thing: I knew not whether
I should not lose one of my eyes. The wind affected it as if I
REV. J. WESLEY'S
had received a severe blow; so that I had no use of it for a
time. To mend the matter, having a very imperfect direction,
we soon got out of our way. However, we hobbled on, through
miserable roads, till about three in the afternoon we got to
Sun. 18.-I met the Society in the morning, and many of
them went with me to the cathedral. At two we had the
largest congregation I ever saw at that hour. At five the
House was well filled; and just as long as I was speaking, all
were silent: But when I ceased, the floods lifted up their
voice: One would have thought Bedlam was broke loose.
And thus it always is; the custom began in the reign of King
Log, and continued ever since. The next evening the same
hubbub began again, not among the mob, but the ordinary
hearers. I desired them to stop, and reasoned the case with
them. The effect was far greater than one could expect. The
whole congregation went as quietly and silently away as they
use to do at the Foundery in London.
Tues. 20.-I inquired concerning Yarmouth, a large and
populous town, and as eminent, both for wickedness and
ignorance, as even any sea-port in England. Some had
endeavoured to call them to repentance; but it was at the
hazard of their lives. What could be done more? Why,
last summer God sent thither the regiment in which Howell
Harris was an officer. He preached every night, none daring
to oppose him; and hereby a good seed was sown. Many
were stirred up to seek God; and some of them now earnestly
invited me to come over. I went this afternoon, and preached
in the evening. The House was presently more than filled;
and, instead of the tumult which was expected, all were as
quiet as.at London. Indeed the word of God was quick and
powerful among them, as it was again at six in the morning.
At eleven I preached my farewell sermon. I saw none that
was not deeply affected. 0 fair blossoms! But how many of
these will "bring forth fruit unto perfection?"
In the afternoon I rode back to Norwich, and took an
account of the society there. I found the persons who pro-
fessed to meet in class were about three hundred and thirty;
but many of them were as bullocks unaccustomed to the yoke.
Where or what will they be a year hence ?
Thur. 22.-We had our first watch-night at the Tabernacle;
at which I could not but observe, though I preached the Law
from the beginning of my sermon to the end, yet many were
exceedingly comforted. So plain it is that God can send
either terror or comfort to the heart, by whatever means it
Sunday, 25, was a day of solemn rejoicing. Both at eight,
at eleven, at two, and at five, God was eminently present in
the congregation; filling their hearts with love, and their
mouths with praise.
In some of the following days I visited the country societies.
Friday, 30. After preaching at the Foundery in the evening,
I met the Bands as usual. While a poor woman was speaking
a few artless words out of the fulness of her heart, a fire
kindled, and ran, as flame among the stubble, through the
hearts of almost all that heard: So, when God is pleased to
work, it matters not how weak, or how mean, the instrument.
Sat. 31.-I spent an hour with one who was as hot as any
of the lambs at the Tabernacle; but she is now a calm, reason-
able woman. Indeed God has now breathed a spirit of love
and peace into all that remain united together. Those who
are otherwise minded have left us.
Sun. FEBRUARY 1.-Many were comforted and strength-
ened both at the Lord's Supper, and at the evening service.
I think all jealousies and misunderstandings are now vanished,
and the whole society is well knit together. How long will
they continue so, considering the unparalleled fickleness of the
people in these parts? That God knows. However, he does
work now, and we rejoice therein.
Mon. 2.-I left them with a cheerful heart, and rode on to
Lakenheath. The congregation was large, but to this day
there was no society. So, after preaching, I explained the
nature of a society, and examined those who were willing to
join together. Near half of them had known the love of
God, and seemed alive to him.
Tues. 3.-About noon I preached at Harston, five miles
beyond Cambridge. Here Mr. Berridge's labour has not been
in vain. Several have found peace with God; and a more
artless, loving people I have seldom seen. They were
gathered from all parts. It pleased God to give a manifesta-
tion of his love to one woman in the midst of the sermon.
She praised God aloud, and inflamed many hearts with love
In the evening I preached at Melbourn, another small town,
REV. J. WESLEY'B
about four miles from Harston. Many from Harston walked
thither, and from the neighboring villages; and surely God
was in the midst of them, just as in our Bristol congregations
at the beginning.
Hence we rode, on Ash-Wednesday, FEBRUARY 4, to Mr.
Hicks, who showed me the way to his church, at Wrestling-
worth; where I exhorted a large and serious congregation,
from the Scripture appointed for the Epistle, to rend their
hearts, and not their garments, and turn unto the Lord their
In the evening Mr. Berridge read Prayers, and I preached,
at Everton. Few of them are now affected as at first, the
greater part having found peace with God. But there is a
gradual increasing of the work in the souls of many believers.
Thur. 5.-I called at Barford, half-way to Bedford, and was
agreeably surprised to meet J. C., from London, who came to
Bedford the day before, and walked over with Mr. Parker.
We had a far larger congregation than I expected; and all
were deeply serious. I preached at Bedford in the evening, on
Friday at Sundon, and on Saturday returned to London.
Monday, 9, and the following days, I visited the classes.
Friday, 13, being the General Fast-day, the chapel in West-
Street, as well as the rest, was throughly filled with serious
hearers. Surely God is well pleased with even these outward
humiliations, as an acknowledgment that he is the Disposer of
all events; and they give some check, if it be but for a time,
to the floods of ungodliness. Besides, we cannot doubt but
there are some good men in most of the congregations then
assembled; and we know, the effectual fervent prayer" even
of one righteous man availeth much."
This week I published, in the "London Chronicle,"
an answer to a Tract entitled, "A Caveat against the
Methodists." It is here subjoined:-
To the Editor of the London Chronicle.
" SIR, February 19, 1761.
Is it not surprising that every person of understanding
does not discern, at the very first view, that the Tract entitled,
'A Caveat against the Methodists,' is, in reality, a Caveat
against the Protestants ? Do not the arguments conclude, (if
they conclude at all,) not against the Methodists only, but
against the whole body of Protestants ? The names, indeed,
of Mr. Whitefield and Mr. Wesley are used; but this is
mere finesse Greater men are designed, and all along are
wounded through our sides.
I was long in hopes of seeing an answer to this artful
performance, from some one of more leisure, as well as
abilities; and some whose name would have recommended
his work: For that thought has something of truth in it,-
0 what a tuneful wonder seized the throng,
When Marlbro's conquering name alarm'd the foe !
Had Whiznowisky led the armies on,
The General's scarecrow name had foil'd each blow.
However, who knows but reason, for once, may be stronger
than prejudice? And many may forget my scarecrow
name, and mind not who speaks, but what is spoken. I am
pleading now, not for the Methodists only, but for the whole
body of Protestants; first, for the Church of England;
then for the Protestants of every denomination; in doing
which I shall first give the substance of each Section of the
Romish Tract: Secondly, answer, and retort it upon the
members of the Church of Rome. 0 that this may incite
some more skilful advocate to supply my lack of service !
'The Methodists' (Protestants) 'are not the people
of God; they are not true Gospel Christians; nor is their
new-raised society the true church of Christ, nor any part
of it.' (P. 3.)
'This is demonstrated by the word of God, marking
out the people of God, the true church of Christ, by such
characters as cannot agree to the Methodists, or any other
new-raised sect or community.' (Ibid.)
'The Old Testament is full of prophecies relating to the
church: And the New Testament makes glorious promises
to it, and gives glorious characters of it.' (P. 4.)
'Now all those prophecies, promises, and characters, point
out a society founded by Christ himself, and by his commission
propagated throughout the world, which should flourish till
time should end, ever one, ever holy, ever orthodox; secured
against error by the perpetual presence of Christ; ever
directed by the Spirit of truth; having a perpetual succession
of Pastors and Teachers, divinely appointed and divinely
REV. J. WESLEY'S
asisted: But no part of this character is applicable to any
new-raised sect, who have no succession from, or connexion
with, that one holy society; therefore no modern sect can
be any part of the people of God.' (P. 5.)
"I answer, It is true, 'all these promises, prophecies, and
characters, point out a society founded by Christ himself, and
by his commission propagated throughout the world, which
should flourish till time should end:' And such is the Catholic
church, that is, the whole body of men, endued with faith
working by love, dispersed over the whole earth, in Europe,
Asia, Africa, and America. And this church is 'ever one:'
In all ages and nations it is the one body of Christ. It is
'ever holy;' for no unholy man can possibly be a member of
it. It is ever orthodox;' so is every holy man, in all things
necessary to salvation: 'Secured against error,' in things
essential, 'by the perpetual presence of Christ; and ever
directed by the Spirit of truth,' in the truth that is after god-
liness. This church has 'a perpetual succession of Pastors
and Teachers, divinely appointed, and divinely assisted.'
And there has never been wanting, in the Reformed
Churches, such a succession of Pastors and Teachers; men
both divinely appointed, and divinely assisted; for they
convert sinners to God: A work none can do unless God him-
self doth appoint them thereto, and assist them therein; there-
fore every part of this character is applicable to them. Their
Teachers are the proper successors of those who have delivered
down, through all generations, the faith once delivered to
the saints; and their members have true spiritual communion
with the 'one holy' society of true believers: Consequently,
although they are not the whole 'people of God,' yet are
they an undeniable part of his people.
On the contrary, the Church of Rome, in its present form,
was not 'founded by Christ himself.' All the doctrines and
practices wherein she differs from us, were not instituted by
Christ,-they were unknown to the ancient church of Christ,
-they are unscriptural, novel corruptions; neither is that
Church 'propagated throughout the world.' Therefore, if
either antiquity, or universality, be essential thereto, the
Church of Rome cannot be 'the true church of Christ.'
"Nor is the Church of Rome one; it is not in unity with
itself; it is to this day torn with numberless divisions. And
it is impossible it should be 'the one church,' unless a part
can be the whole; seeing the Asiatic, the African, and the
Muscovite Churches, (to name no more,) never were
contained in it.
"Neither is it holy: The generality of its members are no
holier than Turks or Heathens. You need not go far for
proof of this: Look at the Romanists in London or Dublin.
Are these the holy, the only holy church? Just such holiness
is in the bottomless pit.
"Nor is it 'secured against error,' either 'by Christ' or 'his
Spirit;' witness Pope against Pope, Council against Council,
contradicting, anathematizing, each other. The instances are
too numerous to be recited.
Neither are the generality of her 'Pastors and Teachers'
either divinely appointed' or divinely assisted.' If God had
sent them, he would confirm the word of his messengers; but
he does not; they convert no sinners to God; they convert
many to their own opinion, but not to the knowledge or love
of God. He that was a drunkard, is a drunkard still; he that
was filthy, is filthy still; therefore neither are they 'assisted'
by him; so they and their flocks wallow in sin together:
Consequently, (whatever may be the case of some particular
souls,) it must be said, if your own marks be true, the Roman
Catholics in general are not the people of God.' "
It may be proper to add here the second section, which is
all I had leisure to write, though it was not published till the
The Methodist' (Protestant) 'Teachers are not the true
Ministers of Christ; nor are they called or sent by him.' (P. 6.)
'This appears from what has been already demonstrated.
For if the Protcstants are not the true people of Christ, their
Ministers cannot be the true Ministers of Christ.' (Ibid.)
Farther, 'The true Ministers came down by succession
from the Apostles. But the Protestant Teachers do not. There-
fore they are not the true Ministers of Christ.' (Ibid.)
All power in the church of Christ comes from him; so
that whoever, without a commission from him, intrudes into the
pastoral office, is a thief and a robber. Now, the commission
can be conveyed but two ways; either immediately from God
REV. J. WESLE~ 'S
himself, as it was to the Apostles, or from men who have
the authority handed down to them from the Apostles.
'But this commission has not been conveyed to Protestant
Preachers either of these ways. Not immediately from God
himself; for how do they prove it? By what miracles?
Neither by men deriving authority from the Apostles,
through the channel of the Church. And they stand divided
in communion from all Churches that have any pretensions to
antiquity. Their doctrine of justification by faith alone, was
anathematized at its first appearance, by the undoubted heirs
of the Apostles, the Pastors of the Apostolic churches;
consequently they are sent by no other but him who sent all
the false prophets from the beginning.' (Pp. 8, 9.)
I answer, 'from what has been already demonstrated,' that
nothing will follow; for you have demonstrated just nothing.
"Now for your 'farther' proof. 'The true Ministers came
down by succession from the Apostles.' So do the Protestant
Ministers, if the Romish do; the English in particular; as
even one of yourselves, F. Courayer, has irrefragably proved.
All power in the church of Christ comes from him; either
immediately from himself, or from men who have the authority
handed down to them from the Apostles. But this commission
has not been conveyed to the Protestant Preachers either of
these ways: Not immediately; for by what miracles do they
prove it?' So said Cardinal Bellarmine long ago. Neither
'by men deriving authority from the Apostles.' Read F.
Courayer, and know better. Neither are the Protestants
'divided from' any 'Churches' who have true 'pretensions
to antiquity.' But 'their doctrine of justification by faith
alone was anathematized, at its first appearance, by the
undoubted heirs of the Apostles, the Pastors of the Apostolic
church.' By the Prelates at the Council of Trent it was;
who thereby anathematized the Apostle Paul, to all intents and
purposes. Here you throw off the mask; otherwise you might
have passed for a Protestant a little longer. 'Consequently
they are sent by no other but him who sent all the false pro-
phets from the beginning.' Sir, we thank you. This is really
a very modest assertion for the subject of a Protestant King.
"But to turn the tables: I said, 'If the Romish Bishops
do.' For this I absolutely deny. I deny that the Romish
Bishops came down by uninterrupted succession from the
Apostles. I never could see it proved; and, I am persuaded
I never shall. But unless this is proved, your own Pastors,
on your principles, are no Pastors at all.
"But farther: It is a doctrine of your Church, that the
intention of the administrator is essential to the validity of the
sacraments which are administered by him. Now, are you
assured of the intention of every Priest from whom you have
received the Host? If not, you do not know but what you
received as the sacrament of the altar, was no sacrament at
all. Are you assured of the intention of 'the Priest who
baptized you? If not, perhaps you are not baptized at all.
To come close to the point in hand: If you pass for a Priest,
are you assured of the intention of the Bishop that ordained
you? If not, you may happen to be no Priest, and so all
your ministry is nothing worth: Nay, by the same rule, he
may happen to be no Bishop. And who can tell how often
this has been the case? But if there has been only one
instance in a thousand years, what becomes of your
uninterrupted succession ?
"This ad hominem. But I have a word more ad rem.
Can a man teach what he does not know? Is it possible
a man should teach others what he does not know himself?
Certainly it is not. Can a Priest then teach his hearers
the way to heaven, marked out in our Lord's Sermon on the
Mount, if he does not know or understand the way himself?
Nothing is more impossible. But how many of your Priests
know nothing about it! What avails then their commission
to teach what they cannot teach, because they know it not ?
Did God then send these men on a fool's errand? send them
to do what they cannot do ? 0 say not so! And what will
be the event of their attempting to teach they know not
what? Why, 'if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall
into the pit.'"
Sat. 21.-I spent some hours with Mr. L. and Mr. I'Anson,
in order to prevent another Chancery suit. And though the
matter could not then be fully adjusted, yet the suit did not
Tues. 24.-I retired to Lewisham, and transcribed the list
of the society. About an hundred and sixty I left out, to
whom I can do no good at present. The number of those
which now remain, is two thousand three hundred and
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Fri. 27.-At twelve I met about thirty persons who had
experienced a deep work of God; and I appointed an hour for
meeting them every week. Whether they are saved from sin
or no, they are certainly full of faith and love, and peculiarly
helpful to my soul.
Sun. MARCH 1.-We had a happy love-feast at the
chapel. Many of our brethren spoke plainly and artlessly
what God had done for their souls. I think none were
offended; but many were strengthened and comforted.
Wed. 4.-I was scarce come into the room where a few
believers were met together, when one began to tremble
exceedingly, and soon after sunk to the floor. After a
violent struggle, she burst out into prayer, which was quickly
changed into praise. She then declared, The Lamb of God
has taken away all my sins." She spoke many strong words
to the same effect, rejoicing with joy unspeakable.
Fri. 6.-I met again with those who believe God has
delivered them from the root of bitterness. Their number
increases daily. I know not if fifteen or sixteen have not
received the blessing this week.
Mon. 9.-I set out early, and about noon preached at High-
Wycombe, where the dry bones began to shake again. In the
afternoon I rode on to Oxford, and spent an agreeable evening
with Mr. H. His openness and frankness of behaviour were
both pleasing and profitable. Such conversation I want: But
I do not wonder it is offensive to men of nice ears.
Tues. 10.-We rode to Evesham, where I found the poor
shattered society almost sunk into nothing. And no wonder,
since they have been almost without help, till Mr. Mather
came. In the evening I preached in the Town-Hall. Both at
this time, and at five in the morning, God applied his word,
and many found a desire to strengthen the things that
remained." I designed to have rested on Wednesday, but
finding that notice had been given of my preaching at
Stanley, we got thither, through roads almost impassable,
about noon, and found more people than the House could
contain; so I stood in the yard, and proclaimed free salvation
to a loving, simple people. Several were in tears, and all of
them so thankful that I could not repent of my labour.
The congregation at Evesham in the evening was thrice as
large as the night before. Indeed many of them did not design
to hear, or to let any one else hear; but they were over-ruled,
and behaved with tolerable decency, till the service was over:
Then they roared amain; but I walked straight through them,
and none offered the least rudeness.
Thur. 12.-About one I preached at Redditch, to a deeply
serious congregation; about seven, in the Room at Birming-
ham, now far too small for the congregation. Friday, 13.
Many flocked together at five; and far more than the Room
would contain in the evening. Perhaps the time is come for
the Gospel to take root even in this barren soil.
Sat. 14.-I rode to Wednesbury. Sunday, 15. I made a
shift to preach within at eight in the morning; but in the
afternoon I knew not what to do, having a pain in my side,
and a sore throat. However, I resolved to speak as long as I
could. I stood at one end of the House, and the people
(supposed to be eight or ten thousand) in the field adjoining.
I spoke from, "I count all things but loss, for the excellency
of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord." When I had
done speaking, my complaints were gone. At the love-feast
in the evening, many, both men and women, spoke their
experience in a manner which affected all that heard. One in
particular said, "For seventeen or eighteen years I thought
God had forgotten me. Neither I nor any under my roof
could believe. But now, blessed be his name, he has taken
me and all my house; and given me, and my wife, and our
seven children, to rejoice together in God our Saviour."
Mon. 16.-I intended to rest two or three days; but being
pressed to visit Shrewsbury, and having no other time, I rode
over to-day, though upon a miserable beast. When I came in,
my head ached as well as my side. I found the door of the
place where I was to preach surrounded by a numerous mob.
But they seemed met, only to stare. Yet part of them came
in; almost all that did (a large number) behaved quietly and
Tues. 17.-At five the congregation was large, and appeared
not a little affected. The difficulty now was, how to get back.
For I could not ride the horse on which I came. But this
too was provided for. We met in the street with one who lent
me his horse, which was so easy, that I grew better and better
till I came to Wolverhampton. None had yet preached
abroad in this furious town; but I was resolved, with God's
help, to make a trial, and ordered a table to be set in the
inn-yard. Such a number of wild men I have seldom seen;
IREV. J. WESLEY'S
but they gave me no disturbance, either while I preached,
or when I afterwards walked through the midst of them.
About five I preached to a far larger congregation at
Dudley, and all as quiet as at London. The scene is changed,
since the dirt and stones of this town were flying about me
on every side.
Wed. 18.-By talking with several at Wednesbury, I found
God is carrying on his work here as at London. We have
ground to hope, one prisoner was set at full liberty under the
sermon on Saturday morning; another under that on Saturday
evening. One or more received remission of sins on Sunday;
on Monday morning another, and on Wednesday yet another
believed the blood of Jesus Christ had cleansed him from
all sin. In the evening I could scarce think but more than
one heard Him say, "I will; be thou clean!" Indeed so
wonderfully was He present till near midnight, as if He
would have healed the whole congregation.
Thur. 19.-After preaching at Bilbrook I rode on to
Burslem, and preached at half-hour past five, in an open place
on the top of the hill, to a large and attentive congregation;
though it rained almost all the time, and the air was extremely
cold. The next morning, (being Good-Friday,) I did not
preach till eight. But even then, as well as in the evening, the
cold considerably lessened the congregation. Such is human
wisdom So small are the things which divert mankind from
what might be the means of their eternal salvation!
Sat. 21.-About ten I preached at Biddulph, and about
six at Congleton. Sunday, 22. About one I preached at
Macclesfield, near the preaching-house. The congregation
was large, though the wind was sharp. But it was more than
doubled after the evening service, while I opened and
enforced the solemn declaration, "Him hath God exalted
with his own right hand, to be a Prince and a Saviour." In
the evening I rode on to Manchester.
Mon. 23.-After preaching at five, I hastened forward, and
reached Leeds about five in the evening, where I had desired
all the Preachers in those parts to meet me; and an happy
meeting we had both in the evening and morning. I afterwards
inquired into the state of the societies in Yorkshire and Lincoln-
shire. I find the work of God increases on every side; but
particularly in Lincolnshire, where there has been no work like
this, since the time I preached at Epworth on my father's tomb.
April, 1761.] JOURNAL. 49
In the afternoon I talked with several of those who believe
they are saved from sin; and, after a close examination, I
found reason to hope that fourteen of them were not deceived.
In the evening I expounded the thirteenth chapter of the first
Epistle to the Corinthians, and exhorted all to weighthemselves
in that balance, and see if they were not "found wanting."
Wed. 25.-I took horse early, breakfasted with Mr. Venn,
and about four in the afternoon came to Stockport. Finding
the congregation waiting, I preached immediately, and then
rode on to Manchester; where I rested on Thursday. Friday,
27. I rode to Bridgefield, in the midst of the Derbyshire
mountains, and cried to a large congregation, If any man
thirst, let him come unto me and drink." And they did indeed
drink in the word, as the thirsty earth the showers. About
six I preached at Stockport. Here I inquired after a young
man, who was sometime since much in earnest for salvation.
But it was not long before he grew quite cold, and left the
society. Within a few months after, he left the world, and that
by his own hand! The next day I returned to Manchester.
Sun. 29.-We had an uncommon blessing, both morning
and afternoon. In the evening I met the believers, and
strongly exhorted them to "go on unto perfection." To many
of them it seemed a new doctrine. However, they all
received it in love; and a flame was kindled, which I trust
neither men nor devils shall ever be able to quench.
Tues. 31.-I rode to Altringham. We had four rooms,
which opened into each other; but they would not near contain
the congregation, so that many were obliged to stand without.
I believe many were wounded, and some much comforted.
Perhaps this town will not be quite so furious as it has been.
In the evening we had abundance of genteel people at
Manchester, while I described faith as "the evidence of
things not seen." I left Manchester in the morning, APRIL 1,
in a better condition than ever I knew it before; such is the
shaking, not only among the dry bones, but likewise among
the living souls.
About noon I preached at Little-Leigh and at Chester in
the evening. Thursday, 2. I rode over to Tattenhall, eight
or nine miles from Chester. When we came, the town seemed
to be all in an uproar ; yet when I began preaching, (in the
open air, the House not being large enough to contain one
quarter of the congregation,) none opposed, or made the least
VOL. III. E
REV. J. WESLEY'S
disturbance, the fear of God falling upon them. I think
Tattenhall will be less bitter for the time to come. Well
may Satan be angry with field-preaching I
Fri. 3.-I preached, about one, at Mould, in Flintshire, and
was again obliged to preach abroad, though the wind was
exceeding rough. All were deeply attentive. I preached in
the evening at Chester, and in the morning set out for
Liverpool: I came thither (preaching at Warrington by the
way) in the evening. The election seemed to have driven
the common sort' of people out of their senses. But on
Sunday they were tolerably recovered, and the town looked
like itself. I heard two useful sermons at our parish church:
One upon, "Follow peace with all men, and holiness;" the
other on, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." I
pity those who "can learn nothing at church."
Mon. 13.-I left them at Liverpool, a little increased in
number, but very considerably in strength; being now entirely
united together in judgment, as well as in affection.
About noon, I preached to a serious congregation at
Downham-Green, near Wigan; but to a far more serious one
in the evening, at Bolton. I find few places like this; all
disputes are forgot; and the Christians do indeed love one
another. When I visited the classes, on Wednesday, 15,
I did not find a disorderly walker among them; no, nor a
trifler. They appeared to be, one and all, seriously seeking
Thur. 16.-After preaching at noon, I rode to Lower-
Darwen, near Blackburn, where a large congregation behaved
with deep seriousness. Leaving honest Mr. Grimshaw to
preach in the morning, I set out early, and in the evening
reached a little quiet house a few miles beyond Kendal, to
which, I believe, we did not come in vain. The man of the
house, having been long ill, was thankful for advice with
regard to his bodily disorder. And his guests appeared right
willing to receive some advice with respect to their souls.
Sat. 18.-We were soon lost on the mountains; but in an
hour we found a cottage, and a good woman, who bade her son
" take the galloway and guide them to the fell foot." There
we met a poor man just coming from a Doctor, who, I think,
had quite mistaken his case. Perhaps his meeting us may
save his life. He piloted us over the next mountain, the like
to which I never beheld either in Wales or Germany. As we
were climbing the third, a man overtook us, who was going
the same road. So he accompanied us till we were in a plain,
level way, which in three hours brought us to Whitehaven.
Sun. 19.-I preached morning and evening at the Gins, to
far more people than the house would have contained. At one
I preached in the assembly-room at Workington. The whole
congregation behaved well; though I could not perceive that
the greater part of them understood any thing of the matter.
Wed. 22.-About noon I preached at Branthwayte, and in
the evening at Lorton. Who would imagine that Deism
should find its way into the heart of these enormous moun-
tains? Yet so it is. Yea, and one who once knew the love
of God is a strenuous advocate for it.
Sat. 25.-As the people at Whitehaven are usually full of
zeal, right or wrong, I this evening showed them the nature
of Christian zeal. Perhaps some of them may now distinguish
the flame of love, from a fire kindled in hell.
Sun. 26.-I preached in the morning at the Gins; in the
Room at one; and about five at Cockermouth, on the steps
of the market-house. Even the genteel hearers were decent;
many of the rest seemed deeply affected. The people of the
town have never been uncivil. Surely they will not always be
Mon. 27.-I preached at eight in the market-place at
Wigton. The congregation, when I began, consisted of one
woman, two boys, and three or four little girls; but in a
quarter of an hour we had most of the town. I was a good
deal moved at the exquisite self-sufficiency which was visible
in the countenance, air, and whole deportment of a con-
siderable part of them. This constrained me to use a very
uncommon plainness of speech. They bore it well. Who
knows but some may profit ?
Before noon we came to Solway-Frith. The guide told us it
was not passable; but I resolved to try, and got over well.
Having lost ourselves but twice or thrice, in one of the most
,difficult roads I ever saw, we came to Moffat in the evening.
Tuesday, 28. We rode partly over the mountains, partly with
mountains on either hand, between which was a clear, winding
river, and about four in the afternoon reached Edinburgh.
Here I met Mr. Hopper, who had promised to preach in the
evening, in a large Room, lately an episcopal meeting-house.
Wednesday, 29. It being extremely cold, I preached in the
REV. J. WESLEY'S
same Room at seven. Some of the reputable hearers cried
out in amaze, "Why, this is sound doctrine! Is this he of
whom Mr. Wh- used to talk so ? Talk as he will, I
shall not retaliate.
I preached again in the evening, and the next day rode
round by the Queen's Ferry to Dundee; but, the wind being
high, the boatmen could not, at least would not, pass. Nor
could we pass the next day till between nine and ten. We-
then rode on through Montrose to Stonehaven. Here Mr.
Memis met us; and on Saturday morning brought us to his;
house at Aberdeen.
In the afternoon I sent to the Principal and Regent, to
desire leave to preach in the College-Close. This was readily
granted; but as it began to rain, I was desired to go into the
Hall. I suppose this is full an hundred feet long, and seated
all around. The congregation was large, notwithstanding the
rain, and full as large at five in the morning.
Sun. MAY 3.-I heard two useful sermons at the kirk, one
preached by the Principal of the College, the other by the-
Divinity Professor. A huge multitude afterwards gathered
together in the College-Close; and all that could hear seemed
to receive the truth in love. I then added about twenty to,
the little society. Fair blossoms! But how many of these will!
bring forth fruit?
Mon. 4.-We had another large congregation at five:.
Before noon twenty more came to me, desiring to cast in their
lot with us, and appearing to be cut to the heart.
About noon I took a walk to the King's College, in Old:
Aberdeen. It has three sides of a square, handsomely built,.
not unlike Queen's College in Oxford. Going up to see the.
Hall, we found a large company of ladies, with several gentle-
men. They looked, and spoke to one another, after which one,
of the gentlemen took courage and came to me. He said,
"We came last night to the College-Close, but could not
hear, and should be extremely obliged if you would give us-
a short discourse here." I knew not what God might have,
to do; and so began without delay, on, God was in Christ,
reconciling the world unto himself." I believe the word was-
not lost: It fell as dew on the tender grass.
In the afternoon I was walking in the library of the
Marischal College, when the Principal and the Divinity
Professor came to me; and the latter invited me to his
lodgings, where I spent an hour very agreeably. In the
evening, the eagerness of the people made them ready to
trample each other under foot. It was some time before they
were still enough to hear; but then they devoured every word.
After preaching, Sir Archibald Grant (whom business had
called to town) sent and desired to speak to me. I could not
then, but promised to wait upon him, with God's leave, in
my return to Edinburgh.
Tues. 5.-I accepted the Principal's invitation, and spent
an hour with him at his house. I observed no stiffness at all,
but the easy good breeding of a man of sense and learning.
I suppose both he and all the Professors, with some of the
Magistrates, attended in the evening. I set all the windows
open; but the Hall, notwithstanding, was as hot as a bagnio.
But this did not hinder either the attention of the people, or
the blessing of God.
Wed. 6.-We dined at Mr. Ogilvy's, one of the Ministers,
between whom the city is divided. A more open-hearted,
friendly man, I know not that I ever saw. And indeed I
have scarce seen such a set of Ministers in any town of Great
Britain or Ireland.
At half-hour after six I stood in the College-Close, and
proclaimed Christ crucified. My voice was so strengthened
that all could hear; and all were earnestly attentive. I have
now "cast" my "bread upon the waters:" May I "find it
again after many days!"
Thur. 7.-Leaving near ninety members in the Society, I
rode over to Sir A. Grant's, near Monymusk, about twenty
miles north-west from Aberdeen. It lies in a fruitful and
pleasant valley, much of which is owing to Sir Archibald's
improvements, who has ploughed up abundance of waste
ground, and planted some millions of trees. His stately old
house is surrounded by gardens, and rows of trees, with a
clear river on one side. And about a mile from his house he
has laid out a small valley into walks and gardens, on one
side of which the river runs. On each side rises a steep
mountain; one rocky and bare, the other covered with trees,
row above row, to the very top.
About six we went to the church. It was pretty well
filled with such persons as we did not look for so near the
Highlands. But if we werb surprised at their appearance, we
were much more so at their singing. Thirty or forty sung an
REV. J. WESLEY'S
anthem after sermon, with such voices as well as judgment,
that I doubt whether they could have been excelled at any
cathedral in England.
Fri. 8.-We rode to Glammis, about sixty-four measured
miles; and on Saturday, 9, about sixty-six more, to
Edinburgh. I was tired: However, I would not disappoint
the congregation; and God gave me strength according to
Sun. 10.-I had designed to preach near the Infirmary;
but some of the managers would not suffer it. So I preached
in our Room, morning and evening, even to the rich and
honourable. And I bear them witness, they will endure plain
dealing, whether they profit by it or not.
Mon. 11.-I took my leave of Edinburgh for the present.
The situation of the city, on a hill shelving down on both
sides, as well as to the east, with the stately castle upon a
craggy rock on the west, is inexpressibly fine. And the main
street, so broad and finely paved, with the lofty houses on
either hand, (many of them seven or eight stories high,) is far
beyond any in Great Britain. But how can it be suffered,
that all manner of filth should still be thrown even into this
street continually? Where are the Magistracy, the Gentry,
the Nobility of the land? Have they no concern for the
honour of their nation? How long shall the capital city of
Scotland, yea, and the chief street of it, stink worse than a
common-sewer ? Will no lover of his country, or of decency
and common sense, find a remedy for this?
Holyrood-House, at the entrance of Edinburgh, the ancient
Palace of the Scottish Kings, is a noble structure. It was
rebuilt and furnished by King Charles the Second. One side
of it is a picture-gallery, wherein are pictures of all the
Scottish Kings, and an original one of the celebrated Queen
Mary: It is scarce possible for any who looks at this to think
her such a monster as some have painted her; nor indeed for
any who considers the circumstances of her death, equal to
that of an ancient martyr.
I preached in the evening at Musselburgh, and at five in the
morning. Then we rode on to Haddington, where (the rain
driving me in) I preached between nine and ten in Provost
Dickson's parlour. About one I preached at North-Berwick,
a pretty large town, close to the sea-shore; and at seven in
the evening, (the rain continuing,) in the House at Dunbar.
Wed. 13.-It being a fair, mild evening, I preached near
the quay to most of the inhabitants of the town, and spoke
full as plain as the evening before. Every one seemed to
receive it in love; probably if there was regular preaching
here, much good might be done.
Thur. 14.-I set out early, and preached at noon on the
Bowling-Green, at Berwick-upon-Tweed. In the evening I
preached at Alnwick. Friday, 15. Abundance of soldiers
came in, on their way to Germany. Many of these attended
the preaching, to whom I could not but make a particular
application. And who knows, but what they have now heard
may stand them in stead in a day of trial ?
Sat. 16.-One of our friends importuned me much to give
them a sermon at Warksworth. And a post-chaise came for
me to the door; in which I found one waiting for me, whom,
in the bloom of youth, mere anguish of soul had brought to
the gates of death. She told me the troubles which held her
in on every side, from which she saw no way to escape. I
told her, "The way lies straight before you. What you
want is the pure love of God. I believe God will give it you
shortly. Perhaps it is his good pleasure to make you, a poor
bruised reed, the first witness here of that great salvation.
Look for it just as you are, unfit, unworthy, unholy, by simple
faith, every day, every hour." She did feel the next day
something she could not comprehend, and knew not what to
call it. In one of the trials which used to sink her to the
earth, she was all calm, all peace and love; enjoying so deep
a communion with God, as nothing external could interrupt.
Ah! thou child of affliction, of sorrow and pain, hath Jesus
found out thee also ? And he is able to find and bring back
thy husband, as far as he is wandered out of the way.
About noon I preached at Warksworth, to a congregation
as quiet and attentive as that at Alnwick. How long shall
we forget that God can raise the dead ? Were not we dead
till he quickened us ?
A little above the town, on one side of the river, stands the
remains of a magnificent castle. On the other side, toward
the bottom of a steep hill, covered with wood, is an ancient
chapel, with several apartments adjoining to it, hewn in the
solid rock. The windows, the pillars, the communion-table,
and several other parts are entire. But where are the inhabit-
ants ? Gathered to their fathers, some of them, I hope, in
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Abraham's bosom, till rocks, and rivers, and mountains flee
away, and the dead, small and great, stand before God !
Sun. 17.-I preached at eight in Ainwick, and about one
at Alemouth; a poor, barren place, where as yet there is no
fruit of all the seed which has been sown. But there may be,
since many are still willing to hear.
In the evening a multitude of people and a little army of
soldiers were gathered in the market-place at Alnwick. In
the morning they were to march for Germany. I hope some
of them have put their armour on.
Mon. 18.-At nine I preached to a large and serious
congregation at Widrington. Thence we rode to Morpeth.
As it was a rainy day, they expected me to preach in the
Room. But observing a large covered place in the market-
place, I went thither without delay. It was soon more than
filled; and many, soldiers and others, stood on the outside,
notwithstanding the rain. Why should we despair of doing
good in any place, because we do not see present fruit? At
five I preached to the honest, simple-hearted colliers at
Place, and before sunset reached Newcastle.
Tuesday, 19, was a day of rest. In the evening God was
with us of a truth; and many felt their hearts burn with
fervent desire of being renewed in the whole image of God.
The same flame was kindled at Gateshead-Fell, while I was
opening and applying those words, "Every one that hath this
hope in him, purifieth himself, even as He is pure."
Thur. 21.-I was much struck with a story told by
Ephraim Syrus. I wonder it was never translated into
English. It is as follows:-
My beloved brethren, I have a desire to relate to you what
our brother Abraham did in his old age. This blessed man had
a brother according to the flesh, who had an only child. When
her father fell asleep she remained an orphan. Her friends
brought her to him, being six years old. He ordered her to be
placed in the outer cell: He himself abode in the inner. A
little door was between them. He taught her the Psalms and
the other Scriptures, and watched and sang with her. And as
he lived an austere life, so did she, willingly profiting in every
exercise, and labouring to excel in all virtues. The holy man
often besought God for her with tears, that her heart might
be fixed on God, and not entangled with the care of worldly
things; for her father had left her much wealth, which by his
May, 1761.] JOURNAL. 57
advice she gave to the poor. And she entreated him, saying,
'Pray for me, that I may be delivered from evil thoughts,
and from all the wiles and snares of the devil.' The blessed
man rejoiced, seeing her good conversation, and forwardness,
and tears; her lowliness, meekness, quietness of spirit, and
earnest love to God. And for twenty years she thus exercised
herself with him, as a fair lamb, a spotless dove.
"When the twentieth year was fulfilled, the devil was mad
against her, and lay in wait to get her into his net. There
was a man, in name religious, but not in truth, who frequently
came to consult Abraham. He saw the maid, and his heart
burned within him. He lay in wait for her a whole year, till
her heart was inflamed also: And opening the door of her cell,
she went out to him, and consented to his will. But no sooner
had she committed wickedness, than she rent her clothes,
smote her breast, and thought of putting an end to her own
life; for she said in herself, 'Now I am dead, and I have lost
all my time and all my labour, and my austerity and my tears
are perished, and I have destroyed my own soul, and I have
brought sorrow upon the man of God, and am become a
laughing-stock to the devil: Why do I live any longer? Ah
me, what have I done Ah me from whence, how low am
I fallen How shall I be hid? Where shall I go? Into what
pit shall I cast myself? Where is the exhortation of the
blessed man, Keep thy soul spotless for thy immortal Bride-
groom ? I dare no more look up to Heaven I am lost both to
God and men. I dare not approach that holy man, sinner as I
am, and full of uncleanness. Were I to make such an attempt
surely fire would come out of that door, and consume me. It
is better for me to go where none knows me; for I am undone,
and there is no salvation for me !' And rising up, she went
straight to another city, and became servant at an inn.
"A little before this, Abraham saw a vision;-a dragon,
great and terrible, rising out of his place; and, coming to his
cell, he found a dove, and devoured it, and then returned to
his place. The holy man, coming to himself, was much
troubled, and wept bitterly, and said, 'Thou, Lord, knowest
all things; and thou only knowest what this vision meaneth.'
After two days he saw the same dragon again; and he came
out of his place to the blessed man, and, laying his head under
Abraham's feet, burst asunder, and the dove was found alive
in the dragon's belly.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
"Coming to himself, he called once and again, saying,
'Child, where art thou ? Behold, here are two days that
thou hast not opened thy mouth in the praise of God.'
Finding that none answered, and that she was not there, he
perceived the vision related to her; and he groaned in spirit,
and said, O Saviour of the world, bring back this lamb into
thy fold, that my grey hairs come not down with sorrow to
the grave! Lord, despise not my supplication; but send
down thy hand, and take her out of the mouth of the dragon
that hath devoured her !'
"After a season he heard where she was; and, having
learned all things concerning her, he called one of his friends,
and said to him, 'Bring me an horse and the habit of a
soldier:' And having put it on, with a large cap on his head,
he left his cell, and rode away. Being come to the place,
he alighted, and went in; and, after a time, said to the inn-
keeper, 'Friend, I have heard thou hast a beautiful damsel
here: Call her to me, that I may rejoice with her.' Being
called, she came. When the holy man saw her in her harlot's.
attire, he was melting into tears ; but he refrained himself, that
she might not perceive it. After they sat down, she embraced
him, and kissed his neck; and she smelled the smell of his.
cell, and called to mind past things; and, groaning deeply,
said, 'Woe is me! What am I?' The inn-keeper, being
astonished, said, 'Mary, thou hast now been with us two years,.
and I never heard thee groan before, or heard such a word
from thee. What is come to thee?' She answered, 'Would
I had died three years since; then I had been happy.'
Immediately Abraham said to him, Prepare us a supper,
that we may rejoice together; for I am come from far for her
sake.' After supper she said to him, 'Let us go into the
chamber:' And when they were come in, he saw a bed made
ready; and he sat upon it, and said, Make fast the door.'
She made it fast, and came to him. Having taken hold of her,
so that she could not run away, he took off his cap, and said
to her, weeping, 'My child, Mary, dost thou not know me?
Am not I he that brought thee up ? Mary, what is come to,
thee? Who hath destroyed thee, my daughter? Where are
thy prayers and thy tears, thy watching and holy exercise?
My child, when thou hadst sinned, why didst thou not tell me,
that I might have humbled myself for thee? My daughter,.
why hast thou done this? Why hast thou forsaken thy
father?' She remained in his hands as a lifeless stone, till he
said to her with tears, 'Dost thou not speak to me, my child,
Mary? Dost thou not speak to me? Am I not come hither
for thy sake? I have besought the Lord concerning thee.'
Till midnight he continued exhorting and comforting her.
Then, coming a little to herself, she said to him weeping, I
cannot look at thee, for I am defiled with sin.' The blessed
man replied, 'On me be thy sin; only come, let us go to our
place.' She said to him, 'If it be possible for me to repent,
and if God can accept my repentance, I come, and I fall
down, and kiss thy steps, wetting them with my tears, that
thou hast thus had compassion on me, a forlorn wretch, and
art come hither to draw me out of the mire of sin.' And
laying her head at his feet, she wept bitterly all the night;
saying, 'What shall I render thee for all thy benefits?'
Early in the morning he set her upon the horse, and went
before her with great joy. And being come to his place, he put
her in the inner cell; where she gladly resumed her former
exercise, with sackcloth and ashes, and much humiliation, with
mourning and watching, and ceaseless calling upon God: And
the merciful Lord gave her a sign that he accepted her repent.
ance, healing many that were sick, through her prayers.
Holy Abraham lived ten years after, beholding her good
conversation, and blessing, and praising, and magnifying Ood.
Then, having lived seventy years, lie slept in peace. Mary
survived him thirty and five years, calling upon God night
and day; insomuch that all who passed by glorified G d, who
saveth them that were gone astray."
Among the believers, who met in the evening, God had
kindled a vehement desire of his full salvation. Inquiring
how it was that, in all these parts, we have scarce one living
witness of this, I constantly received, from every person, one
and the same answer:-" We see now, we sought it by our
works; we thought it was to come gradually; we never
expected to receive it in a moment, by faith, as we did justi-
fication." What wonder is it then, that you have been
fighting all these years as one that beateth the air?
Fri. 22.-I earnestly exhorted all who were sensible of their
wants, and athirst for holiness, to look unto Jesus, to come
to him just as they were, and receive all his promises. And
surely it will not be long before some of these also are fully
saved by simple faith.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Sat. 23.-I rode over to Placey. I was wet through,
both going and coming; but I did not repent of my journey;
such a number gathered together, a great part of whom could
rejoice in God. These were quite iipe for all the great and
precious promises, which they received with all gladness.
Mon. 25.-I rode to Shields, and preached in an open
place, to a listening multitude. Many of them followed me to
South-Shields; where I preached in the evening to almost
double the congregation. How ripe for the Gospel are these
also! What is wanting but more labourers?
More! Why, is there not here (as in every parish in
England) a particular Minister, who takes care of all their
souls? There is one here who takes charge of all their
souls; what care of them he takes, is another question. It
may be, he neither knows nor cares, whether they are going
to heaven or hell. Does he ask man, woman, or child, any
question about it, from one Christmas to the next? 0, what
account will such a Pastor give to the Great Shepherd in
Tues. 26.-1 went on to Sunderland, and in the evening
preached in the new House. The next evening I preached at
Thur. 28.-About noon I preached at Biddick; and the
power of God was in the midst of his people; and more
eminently at Sunderland in the evening. After preaching I
met the believers, and exhorted them to go on unto perfec-
tion." It pleased God to apply the plain words which were
spoken; so that all were athirst for him; objections vanished
away, and a flame was kindled almost in every heart.
Sun. 31.-I preached again, both morning and evening, in
Monkwearmouth church; but it would not near contain the
people, many of whom were constrained to go away. After
Evening Service I hastened to Newcastle, and exhorted a
willing multitude to "stand in the ways and see," and "ask
for the old paths," and walk therein."
In the week following I preached at many little places
round. Newcastle. Friday, JUNE 5. I went to Prudhoe, where
there had been some jar in the society, occasioned by a few
who had lately espoused, and warmly defended, a new opinion.
I said not one word about it, but preached on, "There is
joy in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over
ninety and nine just persons who need no repentance."
Afterwards, perceiving their hearts were much softened, I
met the society, and exhorted them to'beware of bitter zeal;
and to walk in love, as Christ also loved us." They were
ashamed before God, and (for the present at least)- their
contentions were at an end.
In the evening I preached at Nafferton; and the next
morning rode to Winlington, where I ad appointed to be
between twelve and one. They placed the stand exactly
fronting the sun, which shone very war and very bright;
but almost as soon as I began, the cloud rose, and shadowed
us till I concluded. I preached at Swal ell at five, to such
a congregation as was never seen there before. '
Mon. 8.-I rode to Hexham, and preached, at noon, in an
open place near the church. Some expected, there would be
much disturbance; but there was none at all. We rode
thence over the mountains to Allandale, where I had not been
for several years. After preaching and meeting the society, I
took horse again, and, crossing another chain of mountains,
reached Weardale before eleven.
Tues. 9.-I preached at nine, but was obliged to stand
abroad, because of the multitude of people. The sun shone
full in my face; but after having spent a short time in prayer,
I regarded it not. I then met the society; and came just in
time to prevent their all turning Dissenters, which they were
on the point of doing, being quite disgusted at the Curate,
whose life was no better than his doctrine.
At noon I preached in Teesdale. Most of the men are
lead-miners, who awhile ago vere turned out of their work for
following this way." By this means many of them got into
far better work; and some time after, their old master was
glad to employ them again.
We had a long stage from hence to Swaldale, where I found
an earnest, loving, simple people, whom I likewise exhorted not
to leave the church, though they had not the best of Ministers.
I then baptized a man and two women, who had been bred
among the Anabaptists; and I believe all of them received
such a blessing therein as they were not able to express.
Wed. 10.-I took horse at half-hour past three, and reached
Barnard-Castle soon after six. I preached at eight in a ground
adjoining to the town. Are these the people that a few years
ago were like roaring lions ? They were now quiet as lambs;
nor could several showers drive them away till I concluded. In
the evening I preached at Brancepath, near Bishop-Auckland.
Most of the congregation, though I stood in the street, were
deeply attentive; only one, a kind of gentleman, seemed
displeased; but he had none to second him.
Fri. ] 2.-We had one of the most solemn watch-nights at
Newcastle which we have had for several years. Saturday,
18. I rode once more to Sunderland, and preached as usual
to a numerous congregation. Sunday, 14. After Mr. G. had
read Prayers, I spoke exceeding plain to as many as could
crowd into the church. And out of so many that are called,
will not some be chosen ?
About three I preached at Gateshead-Fell; about five, at
the Garth-Heads; at each place to a larger congregation
than I ever saw there before. What a change is wrought in
this whole country And will it not be wrought in the whole
Mon. 15.-I rode to Durham, having appointed to preach
there at noon. The meadow, near the river side, was quite
convenient, and the small rain neither disturbed me nor the
congregation. In the afternoon I rode to Hartlepool; but I
had much ado to preach: My strength was gone as well as
my voice; and, indeed, they generally go together. Three days
in a week I can preach thrice a day without hurting myself;
but I had now far exceeded this, besides meeting classes and
exhorting the societies. I was obliged to lie down good part of
Tuesday: However, in the afternoon I preached at Cherington,
and in the evening at Hartlepool again, though not without
difficulty. Wednesday, 17. I rode to Stockton, where, a
little before the time of preaching, my voice and strength were
restored at once. The next evening it began to rain just as I
began to preach; but it was suspended till the service was
over: It then rained again till eight in the morning.
Fri. 19.-It was hard work to ride eight miles (so called)
in two hours and a half; the rain beating upon us, and the
by-road being exceeding slippery. But we forgot all this
when we came to the Grange; so greatly was God present with
his people. Thence we rode to Darlington. Here we were
under a difficulty again: Not half the people could come in,
and the rain forbade my preaching without. But at one (the
hour of preaching) the rain stopped, and did not begin again
till past two; so the people stood very conveniently in the
yard; and many did not care to go away. When I went in,
RPV. J. WESLEY'r,
they crowded to the door and windows, and stayed till I took
horse. At seven I preached at Yarm, and desired one of our
brethren to take my place in the morning.
Sat. 20.-At noon I applied those words, "Now abide
faith, hope, love; but the greatest of these is love."
This evening also it rained at Hutton-Rudby, till seven,
the hour of preaching: But God heard the prayer; and from
the time I began we had only some scattering drops. After
sermon the society alone filled the new preaching-house ;* so
mightily has the word of God prevailed since Alexander
Mather laboured here.
Sun. 21.-I preached to a larger congregation than in the
evening, on, "Behold what manner of love the Father hath
bestowed upon us, that we should be called the children of
God !" I then rode to Osmotherley, where the Minister
read Prayers seriously, and preached an useful sermon. After
service I began in the church-yard: I believe many were
wounded and many comforted. After dinner I called on Mr.
Adams, who first invited me to Osmotherley. He was reading
the strange account of the two Missionaries who have lately
made such a figure-in the newspapers. I suppose the
whole account is just such another gross imposition upon the
public as the man's gathering the people together to see him
go into the quart bottle. "Men seven hundred years old !"
And why not seven yards high? He that can believe it,
let him believe it.
At five I preached at Potto, a mile from Hutton. When I
began I was extremely weak; but God renewed my strength,
and so applied his word, that it seemed as if every one must
believe it. But the Scripture cannot be broken: Some seed
will still fall by the way side," and some "on stony ground."
Mon. 22.-I spoke, one by one, to the society at Hutton-
Rudby. They were about eighty in number; of whom near
seventy were believers, and sixteen (probably) renewed in love.
Here were two Bands of children, one of boys, and one of
girls, most of whom were walking in the light. Four of those
who seemed to be saved from sin were of one family; and all
of them walked holy and unblamable, adorning the doctrine
of God their Saviour.
At eleven I preached once more, though in great weakness
of body, and met the Stewards of all the societies. I then rode
to Stokesley, and, having examined the little society, went or
REV. J. WESLEY'S
foi Guisborough. The sun was burning hot; but, in a quarter
of an hour, a cloud interposed, and he troubled us no more.
I was desired by a gentleman of the town to preach in the
market-place; and there a table was placed for me, but it was
in a bad neighbourhood; for there was so vehement a stench
of stinking fish, as was ready to suffocate me, and the people
roared like the waves of the sea; but the voice of the Lord
was mightier; and in a few minutes the whole multitude
was still, and seriously attended while I proclaimed "Jesus
Christ, made of God unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and
sanctification, and redemption."
Tues. 23.-I began about five, near the same place, and
had a great part of the same audience; yet they were not the
same. The change might easily be read in their countenance.
When we took horse, and just faced the sun, it was hard work
for man and beast; but about eight the wind shifted, and
blowing in our face, kept us cool till we came to Whitby.
In the evening I preached on the top of the hill, to which
you ascend by an hundred ninety and one steps. The congre-
gation was exceeding large, and ninety-nine in an hundred
were attentive. When I began, the sun shone full in my face;
but he was soon clouded, and shone no more till I had done.
After meeting the society, I talked with a sensible woman,
whose experience seemed peculiar. She said: "A few days
before Easter last, I was deeply convinced of sin; and in
Easter week, I knew my sins were forgiven, and was filled
with 'joy and peace in believing.' But in about eighteen days
I was convinced in a dream of the necessity of a higher
salvation; and I mourned day and night, in agony of desire
to be throughly sanctified; till on the twenty-third day after
my justification, I found a total change, together with a clear
witness that the blood of Jesus had cleansed me from all
Wed. 24.-I walked round the old Abbey, which, both with
regard to its size, (being, I judge, an hundred yards long,) and
the workmanship of it, is one of the finest, if not the finest,
ruin in the kingdom. Hence we rode to Robin Hood's Bay,
where I preached at six in the Lower-Street, near the quay.
In the midst of the sermon a large cat, frighted out of a
chamber, leaped down upon a woman's head, and ran over the
heads or shoulders of many more; but none of them moved
or cried out, any more than if it had been a butterfly.
Thur. 25.-I had a pleasant ride to bearborough, the
wind tempering the heat of the sun. I had designed to
preach abroad in the evening; but the thunder, lightning, and
rain prevented: However, I stood on a balcony, and several
hundreds of people stood below; and, notwithstanding the
heavy rain, would not stir till I concluded.
Fri. 26.-I rode to Hull, and had there also the comfort
of finding some witnesses of the great salvation. I. was con-
strained to leave them early in the morning on Saturday, 27.
At seven I preached in Beverley; about one in Pocklington;
and at York in the evening, to the far genteelest audience I
have had since I left Edinburgh.
Mon. 29.-I met the classes, and found many therein who
were much alive to God : But many others were utterly dead;
which sufficiently accounts for the society's not increasing.
Wed. JULY 1.-The stewards met from the societies in the
country. In the evening we all wrestled with God for the
revival of his work. Many found their hearts much enlarged
hbrcin, and had confidence he would answer the prayer.
Thur. 2.-I set out early for North-Cave, twenty computed
miles from York. I preached there at nine to a deeply serious
congregation, and was much refreshed. At two I preached
to such another congregation at Thorpe, and concluded the
day by preaching and meeting the society at Pocklington.
Fri. 3.-We returned to York, where I was desired to
call upon a poor prisoner in the Castle. I had formerly
occasion to take notice of an hideous monster, called, a
Chancery Bill; I now'saw the fellow to it, called, a Declara-
tion. The plain fact was this: Some time since a man who
lived near Yarm assisted others in running some brandy.
His share was worth near four pounds. After he had wholly
left off that bad work, and was following his own business,
that of a weaver, he was arrested, and sent to York gaol;
and, not long after, comes down a Declaration, that Jac.
Wh- had landed a vessel laded with brandy and Geneva,
at the port of London, and sold them there, whereby he was
indebted to His Majesty five hundred and seventy-seven
pounds and upwards." 'And to tell this worthy story, the
Lawyer takes up thirteen or fourteen sheets of treble stamped
O England, England! will this reproach never be rolled
away from thee? Is there any thing like this to be found,
VOL. III. F
REV. J. WESLEY'
either among Papists, Turks, or Heathens? In the name
of truth, justice, mercy, and common sense, I ask, 1. Why
do men lie for lying sake ? Is it only to keep their hands
in ? What need else, of saying it was the port of London,
when every one knew the brandy was landed above three
hundred miles from thence ? What a monstrous contempt of
truth does this show, or rather hatred to it! 2. Where is
the justice of swelling four pounds into five hundred and
seventy-seven? 3. Where is the common sense of taking
up fourteen sheets to tell a story that may be told in ten
lines ? 4. Where is the mercy of thus grinding the face of
the poor? thus sucking the blood of a poor, beggared
prisoner ? Would not this be execrable villany, if the paper
and writing together were only six-pence a sheet, when they
have stripped him already of his little all, and not left him
fourteen groats in the world ?
Sun. 5.-Believing one hinderance of the work of God in
York, was the neglect of field-preaching, I preached this
morning at eight, in an open place, near the city walls.
Abundance of people ran together, most of whom were deeply
attentive. One or two only were angry, and threw a few
stones; but it was labour lost; for none regarded them.
Mon. 6.-I rode to Tadcaster, and preached within, the rain
not suffering us to be abroad, as I intended. In the evening
I preached at Otley, and afterwards talked with many of
the society. There is reason to believe that ten or twelve of
these are filled with the love of God. I found one or two
more the next day at Fewston, a few miles north of Otley,
(where I preached at noon,) whom God had raised up to
witness the same good confession. And, indeed, the whole
congregation seemed just ripe for receiving all the promises.
Wed. 8.-I rode to Knaresborough, where it was expected
we should not meet with so friendly a reception. But the
Lord is King. Our own House being too small, I preached
in the assembly-room. Most of the people looked wild
enough when they came in; but they were tame before they
went out; and behaved as decently and seriously as the
congregation at Otley.
Indeed, the mob never was so furious here, as they were
formerly at Otley; where the good Magistrate directed, "Do
what you will to them, so you break no bones." But may not
a man cut his neighbour's throat without breaking his bones?
The remaining part of this week I preached at Guiseley,
Bingley, and Keighley. Sunday, 12. I had appointed to
be at Haworth; but the church would not near contain the
people who came from all sides: However, Mr. Grimshaw
had provided for this by fixing a scaffold on the outside of
one of the windows through which I went after Prayers,
and the people likewise all went out into the church-yard.
The afternoon congregation was larger still. What has God
wrought in the midst of those rough mountains !
Mon. 13.-At five I preached on the manner of waiting for
"perfect love;" the rather to satisfy Mr. Grimshaw, whom
many had laboured to puzzle and perplex about it. So once
more their bad labour was lost, and we were more united both
in heart and judgment than ever.
At noon I preached in Colne, once inaccessible to the
Gospel; but now the yard I was in would not contain the
people. I believe I might have preached at the Cross
without the least interruption.
About five I preached at Paddiham, another place eminent
for all manner of wickedness. The multitude of people
obliged me to stand in the yard of the preaching-house.
Over against me, at a little distance, sat some of the most
impudent women I ever saw: Yet I am not sure that God
did not reach their hearts; for
They roar'd, and would have blush'd, if capable of shame.
In the morning I preached at Bentley-Wood-Green, on,
" Be ye perfect, as your Father which is in heaven is perfect."
Mr. G. afterwards told me, that this perfection he firmly
believed and daily prayed for, namely, the love of God and
man producing all those fruits which are described in our
Lord's Sermon upon the mount.
About noon I preached at Bacup, a village in Rosendale.
The new preaching house is large, but not large enough to
contain the congregation. Soon after five I preached at
Heptonstall. The society here had been greatly hurt by two
Leaders getting into new opinions. One of them fell upon
me directly, for "denying the righteousness of Christ." On
this we discoursed about an hour. The issue was, one of
them was quite convinced; and the other (to my no small
satisfaction) desired me to put a new Leader in his place.
Wed. 15.-About seven I preached at Ewood, and about
REV. J. WESLEY'S
rjJu; I CI
noon at Halifax. New opinions had done harm here also;
but at this time all was quiet. I rode over to Bradford in
the afternoon, where I found an Anabaptist Teacher had
perplexed and unsettled the minds of several; but they are
now less ignorant of Satan's devices.
Fri. 17.-I rode to Birstal, and was much comforted to
find many of our first children in this county who are not yet
weary of the good old way. May they continue therein unto
the day of the Lord Jesus !
Sat. 18.-At one I preached at South-Royd. The good
people had placed the stand so that the sun, which was very
hot, shone upon my head, and the wind, which was very cold,
blew in my neck; but it was all one: I was on my Master's
business; and great was our rejoicing in Him.
Sun. 19.-I preached in Birstal Room at eight. At one
we had thousands, the greatest part of whom were persons
fearing God and working righteousness." I rode thence to
Leeds, in order to preach a funeral sermon for Mary Shent,
who, after many severe conflicts, died in great peace. It
was one of the largest congregations which has been seen at
Leeds; to whom I spoke very plain from part of the Gospel
for the day, Give an account of thy stewardship, for thou
mayest be no longer steward."
I hastened back to the love-feast at Birstal. It was the
first of the kind which had been there. Many were surprised
when I told them, The very design of a love-feast is a free
and familiar conversation, in which every man, yea, and
woman, has liberty to speak whatever may be to the glory of
God." Several then did speak, and not in vain: The flame
ran from heart to heart, especially while one was declaring,
with all simplicity, the manner wherein God, during the
morning sermon, (on those words, "I will, be thou clean,")
had set her soul at full liberty. Two men also spoke to the
same effect; and two others who had found peace with God.
We then joyfully poured out our souls before God, and
praised him for his marvellous works.
Mon. 20.-I came to .a full explanation with that good
man Mr. V- Lord, if I must dispute, let it.be with the
children of the devil! Let me be at peace with thy children!
On Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, I preached at
the neighboring towns. Friday, 24. In speaking from those
-words, "In many things we offend all,'? I observed, 1..As
long as we live, our soul. is connected with the body: 2. As
long as it is thus connected, it cannot think but by the help
of bodily organs: 3. As long as these organs are imperfect,
we are liable to mistakes, both speculative and practical:
4. Yea, and a mistake mayoccasion my loving a good man
less than I ought; which is a defective, that is, a wrong
temper: 5. For all these we need the atoning blood, as
indeed for every defect or omission. Therefore, 6. All men
have need to say daily, "Forgive us our trespasses."
About one I preached at Bramley, where Jonas Rushford,
about fourteen years old, gave me the following relation:-
"ABouT this time last year: I was desired by two of our
neighbours, to go with them to Mr. Crowther's at Skipton,
who would not speak to them, about a man that had been
missing twenty days, but bid them bring a boy twelve or
thirteen years old. When we came in, he stood reading a
book. He put me into a bed, with a looking-glass in my
hand, and covered me all over. Then he asked me whom I
had a mind to see; and I said, 'My mother.' I presently
saw her with a lock of wool in her hand, standing just in the
place, and the clothes she was in, as she told me afterwards.
Then he bid me look again for the man that was missing,
who was one of our neighbours. And I looked and saw him
riding towards Idle, but he was very drunk; and he stopped
at the alehouse and drank two pints more, and he pulled out
a guinea to change. Two men stood by, a big man and a
little man; and they went on before him, and got two hedge-
stakes; and when he came up, on Windle-Common, at the
Stop of the hill, they pulled him off his horse, and killed him,
and threw him into a coal-pit. And I saw it all as plain as
if I was close to them. And if 1 saw the men, I should know
We went back to Bradford that night; and the next day
I went with our neighbours and showed them the spot where
he was killed, and the pit he was thrown into; and a man
,went down and brought him up. And it was as I had told
them; his handkerchief was tied about his month, and
fastened behind his neck."
Is it improbable only, or flatly impossible, when all the
circumstances are considered, that this should all .be pure
fiction? They that can believe this, may believe a man's
getting into a bottle.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
From Bramley I rode to Kippax. Mr. Venn came a little
after we were gone into the church. Mr. Romaine read
Prayers. I preached on, "Christ crucified, to the Jews a
stumbling-block, and to the Greeks foolishness." O why
should they who agree in this great point, fall out about
Sat. 25.-About one, I preached at Seacroft, and found
several who believed God had saved them from sin. In the
evening I talked with twelve or fourteen of these particularly;
,hut I found not one who presumed to say that he did not
need the atoning blood : Nor could I hear of any more than
two persons that ever spoke in this manner; and these were
soon after, for that reason, expelled out of Otley society.
Sun. 26.-I preached at seven on, Lord, if thou wilt,
'thou canst make me clean." And O what a flame did God
kindle Many were on fire, to be dissolved in love."
About one I preached to the usual congregation at Birstal.
What a work is God working here also! Six in one class
have, within this week, found peace with God; two this
morning in meeting the class. While I was praying on
Sunday evening that God would give us a token for good,
James Eastwood was set at full liberty; as were William
Wilson and Elizabeth his wife before, and Martha his
daughter, with Agnes Gooddel, on the Wednesday after. To
these were added, Joseph Newsam, and Richard Hellewell,
sixteen years of age. So that the oldest of our believers now
cry out, We never saw it before on this fashion !"
Mon. 27.-I preached at Staincross about eleven; about
five, at Barley-Hall; the next morning, at Sheffield. In the
afternoon I rode on to Matlock-Bath. The valley which
reaches from the town to the bath is pleasant beyond expres-
sion. In the bottom of this runs a little river, close to which
a mountain rises, almost perpendicular, to an enormous
height, part covered with green, part with ragged and naked
rocks. On the other side, the mountain rises gradually with
tufts of trees here and there. The brow on both sides is
fringed with trees, which seem to answer each other.
Many of our friends were come from various parts. At
six I preached standing under the hollow of a rock, on one
side of a small plain; on the other side of which was a tall
mountain. There were many well-dressed hearers, this being
the high season; and all of them behaved well. But as I
Aug. 1761.] JOURNAL. 71
walked back, a gentleman-like man asked me, "Why do you
talk thus of faith? Stuff, nonsense!" Upon inquiry, I
found he was an eminent Deist. What, has the plague crept
into the Peak of Derbyshire ?
Wed. 29.-I preached at five near the Bath; in Wood.
seats at two; and in the evening, at the end of the House in
Sheffield, to thrice as many people as it would have contained.
Thursday and Friday, I preached at Rotherham, in the shell
of the new House, which is an octagon. Pity our Houses,
where the ground will admit of it, should be built in any
other form. The congregation was larger than ever; the
society well united, and much alive to God.
Sat. AUGusT 1.-I rode to Clayworth, and, after preaching,
laboured all I could to reconcile two brothers, who had long
been quarrelling about their inheritance; but it was labour
lost. Indeed the reason of the thing was clear; but passion
is ever too hard for reason.
Hence I went on to Misterton; and, both in the evening
and morning, spoke to a lifeless, money-getting people, in a
sharper manner than ever I did before; and (I heard
afterward) with good effect.
Sun. 2.-I had the satisfaction of hearing Mr. Madan
preach an excellent sermon at Haxey. At two I preached
at Westwood-Side, to the largest congregation I ever
saw in the Isle of Axholme; and to nearly the same at
Epworth-Cross, as soon as the Church Service was ended.
After spending two days here, on Wednesday, 5, I preached
about nine at Ferry, and then rode on to Gainsborough.
I preached in the old hall to a mixed multitude, part
civil, part rude as bears. We rode home through heavy
rain, joined with much thunder and lightning, part of
which was just over our heads. But "the Lord sitteth
above the water floods." So we came safe, only very wet, to
Thur. 6.-I preached about nine at Hatfield Woodhouse;
and about one at Sykehouse, to far the largest congregation
which has been seen there for many years. Boast who will,
that Methodism (the revival of true religion) is just coming
to nothing: We know better things, and are thankful to God
for its continual increase.
Sat. 8.--I preached at Winterton to such a congregation
as I suppose never met there before. From thence we rode
REV. J. WESLITY'S
on to Barrow, where the mob was in readiness to receive us;
but their hearts failed; so they gave only two or three huzzas,
and let us pass by unmolested;
As soon as I came out to preach, we had another huzza;
but as more and more of the angry ones came within hearing,
they lost all their fierceness, and sunk into calmness and
attention. So I concluded my discourse with quietness and
satisfaction. In the evening I preached at Grimsby, where
I spent Sunday and Monday. Tuesday, 11. I preached at
two in Lorborough; in the evening at Elkington. The next
morning we rode to Horncastle, where Satan's children had
threatened terrible things; but they could go no farther
than to give one feeble shout as we entered into the town.
As the House would not contain the congregation, I
preached on the outside of it; and there was no disturbance.
Indeed a silly, pert man spoke twice or thrice, but none
About one I preached at Sibsey, on the edge of the Pens.
There were a few wild colts here also; but all the rest (and
they were not a few) were serious and deeply attentive. So
were most of the congregation even at Boston, though much
astonished, as not being used to field-preaching.
Thur. 13.-I took a-walk through the town. I think it is
not much smaller than Leeds; but, in general, it is far better
built. The church is indeed a fine building. It is larger,
loftier, nay, and rather more lightsome, than even St. Peter's
at Norwich; and the steeple is, I suppose, the highest tower
in England, nor less remarkable for the architecture than the
height. The congregation in the evening was far more
numerous than the day before; and I trust God fixed the
arrows of conviction in not a few of their hearts.
We went forward, after preaching at a friend's house, about
nine miles from Boston. Friday, 14. We rode to Billingford;
and on Saturday, to Norwich. After spending a few days
here, and a few more at Yarmouth and Colchester, on
Saturday, 22, I returned to London.
I found the work of God swiftly increasing here. The
congregations, in every place, were larger than they had been
for several years. Many were from day to day convinced of
sin. Many found peace with God. Many backsliders were
healed, yea, filled with joy unspeakable. And many believers
entered into such a rest, as it had not before entered into
their hearts to conceive. Meantime, the enemy was not
wanting in his endeavours to sow tares among the good seed,
I saw this clearly, but durst not use violence, lest, in plucking
up the tares, I should root up the wheat also.
Tues. SEPTEMBER 1.-Our Conference began, and ended
on Saturday.- After spending a fortnight more in London,
and guarding both the Preachers and people against running
into extremes on the one hand or the other, on Sunday, 20,
at night, I took the machine, and on Monday, 21, came to
Here likewise I had the satisfaction to observe a consider-
able increase of the work of God. The congregations were
exceeding large, and the people hungering and thirsting after
righteousness; and every day afforded us fresh instances of
persons convinced of sin, or converted to God. So that it
seems God was pleased to pour out his Spirit this year, on
every part both of England and Ireland; perhaps in a
manner we had never seen before; certainly not for twenty
years. O what pity, that so many, even of the children of
God, did not know the day of their visitation !
Sun. OCTOBER 4.-I preached at Kingswood, morning and
afternoon, but not, as I designed, under the sycamore-tree,
because of the rain. In the ensuing week I visited the
societies in Somersetshire. Sunday, 11. I observed God is
reviving his work in Kingswood: The society, which had
much decreased, being now increased again to near three
hundred members; many of whom are now athirst for full
redemption, which for some years they had almost forgot.
Tues. 13.-I preached at Newgate; at Kingswood in the
afternoon; and in the evening at North-Common. Here a
people are sprung up, as it were, out of the earth; most of
them employed in the neighboring brass-works. We took
a view of these the next day ; and one thing I learned here,
the propriety of that expression, Rev. i. 15 : "His feet were
as fine brass, burning in a furnace." The brightness of this
cannot easily oe conceived: I have seen nothing like it. but
clear white lightning.
Mon. 19.-1 desired all those to meet me, who believed
they were saved from sin. There were seventeen or eighteen.
I examined them severally, as exactly as I could; and I could
not find any thing in their tempers (supposing they spoke
true) any way contrary to their profession.
REV. J. WESLEY P
Wed. 21.-I was desired by the condemned prisoners to
give them one sermon more. And on Thursday, Patrick
Ward, who was to die on that day, sent to request I would
administer the sacrament to him. He was one-and-twenty
years of age, and had scarce ever had a serious thought, till
he shot the man who went to take away his gun. From that
instant he felt a turn within, and never swore an oath more.
His whole behaviour in prison was serious and composed: He
read, prayed, and wept much; especially after one of his
fellow-prisoners had found peace with God. His hope
gradually increased till this day, and was much strengthened
at the Lord's Supper; but still he complained, "I am not
afraid, but I am not desirous, to die. I do not find that
warmth in my heart. I am not sure my sins are forgiven."
He went into the cart, about twelve, in cahnness, but mixed
with sadness. But in a quarter of an hour, while he was
wrestling with God in prayer, (not seeming to know that any
one was near him,) "The Holy Ghost," said he, "came upon
me, and I knew that Christ was mine." From that moment
his whole deportment breathed a peace and joy beyond all
utterance, till, after having spent about ten minutes in private
prayer, he gave the sign.
Sun. 25.-I took a comfortable leave of Kingswood,
leaving both the society and School in a flourishing state;
and the next morning, of Bristol, leaving the society larger
than it had been for many years. Now, let zeal as well as
"brotherly love continue," and it will not decrease any
more. Having travelled slowly through the intermediate
societies, on Saturday, 31, I came to London.
Sun. NOVEMBER 1.--I found the same spirit which I left
here, both in the morning and evening service. Monday, 2,
at five, I began a course of sermons on Christian Perfection.
At seven I began meeting the classes. Tuesday, 10. I
found the society at Deptford more alive than ever; a sure
consequence of which is their increasing in number. Thurs-
day, 12. I rode to Brentford. Here likewise God is at work,
and sinners are converted to him. Saturday, 14. I spent an
hour with a little company near Grosvenor-Square. For many
years this has been the darkest, driest spot, of all in or near
London. But God has now watered the barren wilderness,
and it is become a fruitful field.
Mon. 16.-I retired to Lewisham, having many things to
write. Friday, 20. I spent an hour at St. George's Hospital.
The behaviour of two or three patients there had done
unspeakable good. Deep prejudice was torn up by the
roots, and much good-will to the truth had succeeded it. O
what may not a single believer do, who seeks nothing but the
glory of God ?
Mon. 23.-I went to Canterbury. The congregations
were larger than I ever remember; and many found a deeper
work of God in their hearts than ever they had known before.
Thursday, 26. I was desired to read part of Bishop
Pontopidan's "Natural History of Norway." I soon found
he was a man of sense, yet credulous to an extreme; and
therefore I was the less surprised when I came to his craken
and sea-serpent. Of the former (an animal a mile round, to
which a poor whale is no more than a gudgeon) he gives no
proof, or shadow of proof; nothing but vague, uncertain
hearsay. "Two sailors," he says, "made oath of seeing
part of the latter, seven or eight folds of his back. But I
did not talk with them myself; so I can lay little stress on
their evidence." They might be weak men; they might be
frighted; yea, they were, by their own confession: Or they
might be men of no conscience: On any of which suppositions
their testimony is nothing worth.
Sat. 28.-We returned to London. Sunday, 29. We had
a comfortable lovefeast, at which several declared the blessings
they had found lately. We need not be careful by what
name to call them, while the thing is beyond dispute. Many
have, and many do daily experience an unspeakable change.
After being deeply convinced of inbred sin, particularly of
pride, anger, self-will, and unbelief, in a moment they feel all
faith and love; no pride, no self-will, or anger: And from
that moment they have continual fellowship with God, always
rejoicing, praying, and giving thanks. Whoever ascribes
such a change to the devil, I ascribe it to the Spirit of God:
And I say, let whoever feels it wrought, cry to God that it
may continue; which it will, if he walks closely with God;
otherwise it will not.
Preaching at Deptford, Welling, and Sevenoaks, in my
way, on Thursday, DECEMBER 3, I came to Shoreham.
There I read the celebrated "Life of St. Katherine, of
Genoa." Mr. Lesley calls one a devil of a saint: I am sure
this was a fool of a saint; that is, if it was not the folly of
REV. J. WESLEY'S
her historian, who has aggrandized her into a mere idiot.
Indeed we seldom find a saint of God's making sainted by
the Bishop of Rome. I preached at five to a small, serious
company; and the next day returned to London.
Mon. 7.-I rode to Colchester, and had the satisfaction
to find many of our brethren much alive to God. After
confirming them, as I could, in the ways of God, on Thursday'
I returned home.
Sunday, 13, was a comfortable day, wherein several
prisoners were set at liberty. Saturday, 19. I visited many
near Oxford-Market and Grosvenor-Square, and found God
was still enlarging his work. More and more were convinced,
converted to God, and built up, day by day; and that,
notwithstanding the weakness of the instruments by whom
God was pleased to work.
Mon. 21.-I retired again to Lewisham, and wrote
"Farther Thoughts on Christian Perfection." Had the
cautions given herein been observed, how much scandal had
been prevented And why were they not ? Because my own
familiar friend was even now forming a party against me.
Fri. 25.-We began, as usual, at four. A few days since,
one who lived in known sin, finding heavy conviction, broke
away, and ran out, she knew, not whither. She met one who
offered her a shilling a week to come and take care of her
child. She went gladly. The woman's husband, hearing
her stir between three and four, began cursing and swearing
bitterly.. His wife said, I wish thou wouldst go with her,
and see if any thing will do thee good." He did so. In the
first hymn God broke his heart; and he was in tears all the
rest of the service. How soon did God recompense this poor
woman for taking the stranger in !
Sat. 26.-I made a particular inquiry into the case of
Mary Special, a young woman then in Tottenham-Court-
Road. She said, Four years since I found much pain in
my breasts, and afterwards hard lumps. Four months ago
my left breast broke, and kept.running continually. Growing
worse and worse, after some time I was recommended to St.
George's Hospital. I was let blood many times, and took
hemlock thrice a day: But I was no better; the pain and
the lumps were the same, and both my breasts were quit(
hard, and black as soot; when, yesterday se'unight, I went
,to Mr. Owen's, where there was a meeting for prayer. Mr.
Bell saw me, and asked, Have you faith to be healed?' I
said, 'Yes.' He prayed for me, and in a moment all my
,pain was gone. But the next day I felt a little pain again;
I clapped my hands on my breasts, and cried out, 'Lord,
if thou wilt, thou canst make me whole.' It was gone; and
.from that hour I have had no pain, no soreness, no lumps,
or swelling; hut both my breasts were perfectly well, and
have been so ever since."
Now here are plain facts: 1. She was ill: 2. She is well:
3. She became so in a moment. Which of these can with
any modesty be denied ?
Tues. 29.-In order to remove some misunderstandings,
I desired all parties concerned to meet me. They did so; all
but T- M- d, who flatly refused to come. Is this
only the first step toward a separation? Alas, for the man
Alas, for the people *
Thtur. 31.-We, concluded the year, as usual, with a
solemn watchnight. 0 may we conclude our lives in the
same manner, blessing and praising God!
Fri. JANUARY 1, 1762.-We had, I believe, pretty near
two thousand of the society at Spitalfields in the evening;
where Mr. Berridge, Maxfield, and Colley, assisted me. And
we found God was in the midst, while we devoted ourselves
to him in the most solemn and explicit manner.
Sat. 2.-I set out for Everton, in order to supply
Mr. Berridge's church in his absence. In my way I
.preached at Rood-Farm, five-and-forty miles from London.
Afterwards, the moon shifting bright, we had a pleasant ride
Sun. 3.-I read Prayers and preached, morning and
evening, to a numerous and lively congregation. I found the
people in general were more settled than when I was here
before; but they were in danger of running from east to
.west. Instead of thinking, as many then did, that none can
possibly have true faith but those that have trances or visions,
.they -ere now ready to think that whoever had any thing
of this kind had no faith.
Mon. 4.-After preaching to a large congregation at Wrest-
lingworth, we rode on to Harston. I never preached a whole
sermon by moonlight before., However, it was a solemn
These were the words I wrote at the time.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
season; a season of holy mourning to some; to others, of
Tues. 5.-I preached in Harston at nine, and about eleven
at Wiltstow, three miles farther, to a people just ripe for,
"Come unto me, all ye that are weary and heavy laden."
In the afternoon we set out for Stoke, on the edge of Suffolk.
As we rode through Haverhill, we were saluted with one
huzza, the mob of that town having no kindness for
Methodists. But all was quiet at Stoke; for Sir H-
A- will suffer no disturbance there. The congregation
came from many miles round, and God was in the midst
of them. Their hearty prayers went up on every side; and
many felt the answer to them.
Wed. 6.-The largeness of the congregation at five showed
they were not forgetful hearers. I preached longer than I am
accustomed to do; but still they were not satisfied. Many
crowded after me into the dwelling-house. After speaking a
few words, I went to prayer. A cry began, and soon spread
through the whole company; so that my voice was lost.
Two seemed to be distressed above all the rest. We conti-
nued wrestling with God, till one of them had a good hope,
and the other was filled with joy and peace in believing."
In the afternoon it blew a storm, by the favour of which we
came into Haverhill, quite unmolested. But, notwithstanding
wind and rain, the people crowded so fast into the preaching-
house, that I judged it best to begin half an hour before the
time; by which means it contained the greater part of them.
Although they that could not come in made a little noise, it
was a solemn and an happy season.
Thur. 7.-Abundance of them came again at five, and
drank in every word. Here also many followed me into the
house, and hardly knew how to part. At nine I preached
at Steeple-Bumstead, three miles from Haverhill, to a
considerably larger congregation; and all were serious.
Hence we rode for Barkway, four miles from Royston. The
preaching-place was exceeding large; yet it was well filled,
and the people were wedged in as close as possible: And
many of them found that God was there, to their unspeakable
Hence we rode to Barley,-where I preached at one. A
middle-aged woman dropped down at my side, and cried
aloud for mercy. It was not long before God put a new
song in her mouth. At six in the evening I preached at
Melbourn. Here too God both wounded and healed. I laid
hold, after preaching, on a poor backslider, who quickly
melted into tears, and determined to return once more to
Him from whom she had deeply revolted.
Here I talked at large with one who thinks he is renewed
in love. Perhaps he is; but his understanding is so small,
his experience so peculiar, and his expressions so uncouth,
that I doubt very few will receive his testimony.
Sat. 9.-I rode to Potton. What has God wrought here
since I saw this town twenty years ago I could not then
find a living Christian therein; but wild beasts in abundance.
Now here are many who know in whom they have believed;
and no one gives us an uncivil word I I preached at six to a
very numerous and serious congregation. What have we to
do to despair of any person or people ?
Sun. 10.-I preached at six in the morning to nearly
the same congregation. I read Prayers and preached,
morning and afternoon, at Everton, and gave the sacrament
to a large number of communicants. At four we took horse,
and reached Grandchester a little before seven. Finding a
little company met together, I spent half an hour with them
exceedingly comfortably; and, through the blessing of God,
I was no more tired when I went to bed than when I arose
in the morning.
Mon. 11.-The house was throughly filled at five, and
that with serious and sensible hearers. I was sorry I had
no more time at this place; especially as it was so near
Cambridge, from whence many gentlemen used to come when
any Clergyman preached. But my work was fixed; so I
took horse soon after preaching, and rode to a village called
Botsamlode, seven miles from Cambridge. Here a large
congregation was soon assembled; and I had no sooner
named my text, "When they had nothing to pay, he frankly
forgave them both," than a murmur ran through the whole
people, and many of them were in tears. This concern
increased as I went on; so that none appeared to be unmoved.
One just by me cried with a bitter cry; but in a short time
she shouted for joy. So did several others; so that it was
not easy to tell whether more were wounded or comforted.
Hence we rode to Lakenheath, and passed a comfortable
night. Tuesday, 12. Just as we set out, the storm, which
REV.- J. WESLEY'S
had been very high all night;brought on impetuous rain. It
was a good providence, 1. That we had now firm, sandy road,
not clay and miry fields, as yesterday; 2. That the wind was
behind us; otherwise I believe it would have been impossible
to go on. It was often ready to bear away man and beast:
However; in the afternoon we came safe to Norwich.
Wed. 13.-We rested from our labour. How can they who
never labour taste the sweetness of rest? Friday, 15. I
preached at. Yarmouth. Saturday, 16. I transcribed the
society at Norwich; but two hundred of them I made no
account of, as they met no class. About four hundred
remained; half of whom appeared to be in earnest.
Tues. 19.-I rode to Bury, and was glad to find a little,
serious company still. But there cannot be much done here,
till we preach abroad, or at least in the heart of the town.
We are now quite at one end; and people will not come
from the other till they have first "tasted the good word."
Thur. 21.-I rode to Colchester, and found a quiet,
loving, regular society. .After spending a day with them, on
Saturday, 23, I cheerfully returned to London.
Wed. 27.~-I had a striking proof that God can teach
by whom he will teach. A man full of words, but not of
,understanding, convinced me of what I could never see
before, that anirma est ex traduce; that all the souls of his
posterity, as well as their bodies, were in our first parent.
Fri. FEBRUARY 5.--I met at noon, as usual, those who
believe they are saved from sin, and warned them of the
enthusiasm which was breaking in, by means of two or
three weak though good men, who, from a misconstrued text
in the Revelation, inferred that they should not die. They
received the warning in much love. However, this gave
great occasion of triumph to those who sought occasion, so
that they rejoiced, as though they had found great spoil.
After preaching at Deptford, Welling, and Sevenoaks, on
Tuesday and Wednesday I rode on to Sir Thomas I'Anson's,
near Tunbridge, and, between six and seven, preached in his
large parlour, which opens likewise into the hall. The plain
people were all attention. If the seed be watered, surely
there will be some fruit.
Sun. 14.-I buried the remains of Thomas Salmon, a good
arid useful man. What was peculiar in his experience was, he
.did not know when he was justified; but he did know when he
was renewed in love, that work being wrought in a most
distinct manner. After this he continued about a year in
constant love, joy, and peace; then, after an illness of a few
days, he cheerfully went to God.
Monday, 15, and the following days, I spent in tran-
scribing the list of the society. It never came up before to
two thousand four hundred: Now it contains above two
thousand seven hundred members.
Sun. 28.-We had a peculiar blessing at Spitalfields while
I was enforcing, "Now is the day of salvation." Indeed
there is always a blessing when we cut off all delay, and come
to God now by simple faith.
Fri. MARcH 5.-I had a long conversation with Joseph
Rule, commonly called the White Quaker. lie appeared to
be a calm, loving, sensible man, and much devoted to God.
Mon. 8.-I retired to Lewisham, to answer Dr. Home's
ingenious Sermon on Justification by Works." O that I,
might dispute with no man! But if I must dispute, let it
be with men of sense.
Thur. 11.-I buried the remains of Mary Ramsey, a true
daughter of affliction, worn out by a cancer in her breast,
with a variety of other disorders. To these was added, for a
time, great darkness of mind; the body pressing down the
soul. Yet she did not murmur or repine, much less charge
God foolishly. It was not long before he restored the light
of his countenance; and shortly after she fell asleep.
Fri. 12.-The National Fast was observed all over London
with great solemnity. Surely God is well pleased even with
this acknowledgment that He governs the world; and even
the outward humiliation of a nation may be rewarded with
Mon. 15.-I left London, though not without regret, and
went slowly through the societies to Bristol. Saturday, 27.
I heard a large account of the children near Lawford's Gate,
which has made so much noise here. The facts are too
glaring to be denied. But how are they to be accounted
for? By natural or supernatural agency? Contend who list
Mon. 29,-I came to the New-Passage a little before
nine. The rain and wind increased much while we were on
the water: However, we were safe on shore at ten. I preached
about twelve in the new Room at Chepstow. One of the
VOL. III. G
REV.. J. WESLEY'S
congregation was a neighboring Clergyman, who lived in
the same staircase with me at Christ-Church, and was then
far more serious than me. Blessed be God, who has looked
upon me at last! Now let me redeem the time!
In the afternoon we had such a storm of hail as I scarce
ever saw in my life. The roads likewise were so extremely:
bad that we did not reach Hereford till past eight. Having
been well battered both by hail, rain, and wind, I got to bed
as soon as I could, but was waked many times by the clatter-
ing of the curtains. In the morning I found the casement
wide open; but I was never the worse. I took horse at six,
with William Crane and Francis Walker. The wind was
piercing cold, and we had many showers of snow and. rain;
but the worst was, part of the road was scarce passable; so
that, at Church-Stretton, one of our horses lay down, and
would go no farther. However, William Crane and I pushed
on, and before seven reached Shrewsbury.
A large company quickly gathered together: Many of them
were wild enough; but the far greater part were calm and
attentive, and came again at five in the morning.
Wed. 31.-Having been invited to preach at Wem, Mrs.
Glynne desired she might take me thither in a post-chaise; but
in little more than an hour we were fast enough: However,
the horses pulled till the traces broke. I should then have
walked on had I been alone, though the mud was deep, and
the snow drove impetuously; but I could not leave my friend;
so I waited patiently till the man had made shift to mend the
traces; and the horses pulled amain; so that with much ado,
not long after the time appointed, I came to Wem.
, I came: But the person who invited me was gone; gone
out of town at four in the morning; and I could find no
one who seemed either to expect or desire my company. I
inquired after the place where Mr. Mather preached; but it
was filled with hemp. It remained only to go into the
market-house: But neither any man, woman, nor child cared
to follow us; the north wind roared so loud on every side, and
poured in from every quarter. However, before I had done
singing, two or three crept in, and after them, two or three
hundred; and the power of God was so present among them,
that I believe many forgot the storm.
The wind grew still higher in the afternoon, so that it was
difficult to sit our horses; and it blew full in our face. but
could not prevent our reaching Chester in the evening.
Though the warning was short, the room was full; and full of
serious, earnest hearers, many of whom expressed a longing
desire of the whole salvation of God.
Here I rested on Thursday. Friday, APRIL 2. I rode
to Parkgate, and found several ships; but the wind was
contrary. I preached at five in the small House they have
just built; and the hearers were remarkably serious. I gave
notice of preaching at five in the morning. But at half-hour
after four one brought us word that the wind was come fair,
and Captain Jordan would sail in less than an hour. We
were soon in the ship, wherein we found about threescore
passengers. The sun shone bright, the wind was moderate,
the sea smooth, and we wanted nothing but room to stir
ourselves; the cabin being filled with hops, so that we could
not get into it but by climbing over them on our hands and
knees. In the afternoon we were abreast of Holyhead. But
the scene was quickly changed: The wind rose higher and
higher, and by seven o'clock blew a storm. The sea broke
over us continually, and sometimes covered the ship, which
both pitched and rolled in an uncommon manner. So I was
informed; for, being a little sick, I lay down at six, and slept,
with little intermission, till near six in the morning. We
were then near Dublin Bay, where we went into a boat,
which carried us to Dunleary. There we met with a chaise
just ready, in which we went to Dublin.
I found much liberty of spirit in the evening while I was
enforcing, Now is the day of salvation." The congregation
was uncommonly large in the morning, and seemed to be
much alive. Many children, I find, are brought to the
birth:" And shall there not be strength to bring forth ?
It was at this time that Mr. Grimshaw fell asleep. Ie
was born September 3, 1708, at Brindle, six miles south of
Preston, in Lancashire, and educated at the schools of
Blackburn and Heskin, in the same county. Even then
the thoughts of death and judgment made some impression
upon him. At eighteen he was admitted at Christ's College,
in Cambridge. Here bad example so carried him away, that
for more than two years he seemed utterly to have lost all
sense of seriousness; which did not revive till the day he was
ordained Deacon, in the year 1731. On that day he was much
affected with the sense of the importance of the ministerial
office; and this was increased by his conversing with some at
Rochdale, who met once a week to read, and sing, and pray.
But on his removal to Todmorden soon after, he quite
dropped his pious acquaintance, conformed to the world,
followed all its diversions, and contented himself with doing
his duty" on Sundays.
But about the year 1734, he began to think seriously again.
He left off all his diversions; he began to catechise.the young
people, to preach the absolute necessity of a devout life, and
to visit his people, not in order to be merry with them as
before, but to press them to seek the salvation of their souls.
At this period also he began himself to pray in secret four
times a day; and the God of all grace, who prepared his heart
to pray, soon gave the answer to his prayer; not, indeed, as
he expected: Not in joy or peace; but by bringing upon him
very strong and painful convictions of his own guilt, and
helplessness, and misery; by discovering to him what he did
not suspect before, that his heart was deceitful and desperately
wicked; and, what was more afflicting still, that all his duties
and labours could not procure him pardon, or gain him a title
to eternal life. In this trouble he continued more than three
years, not acquainting any one with the distress he suffered,
till one day, (in 1742,) being in the utmost agony of mind,
there was clearly represented to him, Jesus Christ pleading
for him with God the Father,.and gaining a free pardon for
him. In that moment all his fears vanished away, and he
was filled with joy unspeakable. "I was now," says he,
"willing to renounce myself, and to embrace Christ for my
all in all. O what light and comfort did I enjoy in my own
soul, and what a taste of the pardoning love of God "
All this time he was an entire stranger to the people called
Methodists, whom afterwards he thought it his duty to
countenance, and to labour with them in his neighbourhood.
He was an entire stranger also to all their writings, till he came
to Haworth, May 26, of this year. And the good effects of
his preaching soon became visible: Many of his flock were
brought into deep concern for salvation, were in a little time
after filled with peace and joy through believing; and (as in
ancient times) the whole congregation have been often seen
m tears on account of their provocations against God, and
under a sense of his goodness in yet sparing them.
His lively manner of representing the truths of God could
not fail of being much talked of, and bringing many hundreds
out of curiosity to Haworth church; who received so much
benefit by what they heard, that, when the novelty was Ir nri
over, the church continued to be full of people, many of whmn
came from far, and this for twenty years together.
Mr. Grimshaw was now too happy himself, in the knowledge
of Christ, to rest satisfied without taking every method he
thought likely to spread the knowledge of his God and Saviour.
And as the very indigent constantly made their want of better
clothes to appear in, an excuse for not going to church.in the
day-time, he contrived, for them chiefly, a lecture on Sunday
evenings; though he had preached twice in the day before.
God was pleased to give great success to these attempts, which
animated him still more to spend and be spent for Christ. So
the next year lie began a method, which was continued by him
for ever after, of preaching in each of the four hamlets he had
under his care three times every month. By this means the
old and infirm, who could not attend the church, had the
truth of God brought to their houses; and many, who were
so profane as to make the distance from the house of God a
reason for scarce ever coming to it, were allured to hear. By
this time the great labour with which he instructed his own
people, the holiness of his conversation, and the benefit which
very many from the neighboring parishes had obtained by
attending his ministry, concurred to bring upon him many
earnest entreaties to come to their houses, who lived in
neighboring parishes, and expound the word of God to souls
as ignorant as they had been themselves. This request
he did not dare to refuse: So that while he provided
abundantly for his own flock, he annually found opportunity
of preaching near three hundred times to congregations in
And for a course of fifteen years, or upwards, lie used to
preach every week, fifteen, twenty, and sometimes thirty times,
beside visiting the sick, and other occasional duties c' his
function. It is not easy to ascribe such unwearied diligence,
chiefly among the poor, to any motive but the real one. He
thought he would never keep silence, while he could speak to
the honour of that God who had done so much for his soul.
And while he saw sinners perishing for lack of knowledge, and
no one breaking to them the bread of life, he was constrained,
notwithPlemding the reluctance Ih felt within, to give up his
REV. J. WESLEY'S
name to still greater reproach, as well as all his time and
strength, to the work of the ministry.
During this intense application to what was the delight of
his heart, God was exceeding favourable to him. In sixteen
years he was only once suspended from his labour by sickness;
'though he dared all weathers, upon the bleak mountains, and
used his body with less compassion than a merciful man would
use his beast. His soul at various times enjoyed large
manifestations of God's love; and he drank deep into his
Spirit. His cup ran over; and at some seasons his faith was
so strong, and his hope so abundant, that higher degrees of
spiritual delight would have overpowered his mortal frame.
In this manner Mr. Grimshaw employed all his powers and
talents, even to his last illness; and his labours were not in
vain in the Lord. He saw an effectual change take place in
many of his flock; and a restraint from the commission of sin
brought upon the parish in general. He saw the name of Jesus
exalted, and many souls happy in the knowledge of him, and
walking as became the Gospel. Happy lie was himself, in
being kept by the power of God, unblamable in his conversa-
tion :. Happy in being beloved, in several of the last yPars of
his life, by every one in his parish; who, whether they would
be persuaded by him to forsake the evil of their ways, or no,
had no doubt that Mr. Grimshaw was their cordial friend.
Hence, at his departure a general concern was visible through
his parish. Hence his body was interred with what is more
ennobling than all the pomp of a royal funeral: For he was
followed to the grave by a great multitude, with affectionate
sighs, and many tears; who cannot still hear his much-loved
name, without weeping for. the guide of their souls, to whom
each of them was dear as children to their father.
His behaviour, throughout his last sickness, was of a piece
.with the last twenty years of his life: From the very first
attack of his fever, he welcomed its approach. His intimate
knowledge of Christ abolished all the reluctance nature feels
to a dissolution; and, triumphing in IIim, who is the resur-
rection and the life, he departed, April the 7th, in the fifty-
fifth year of his age, and the twenty-first of his eminent
It may not be unacceptable to subjoin here one of his plain,
rough letters, to the society in London--
Haworth, January 9, 1760.
"MY DEAR BRETHREN,
"GRACE, mercy, and peace, be to you from God our
Father, and from our Lord Jesus. It is well with four sorts
of people, that you have had, or now have, to do with. It is
well with those of you in Christ who are gone to God: It
is well with those of you in Christ who are not gone to God :-
It is well with those who earnestly long to be in Christ, that
they may go to God: It is well with those who neither desire
to be in Christ, nor to go to God. And it is only bad with
such who, being out of Christ, are gone to the devil. These
it is best to let alone, and say no more about them.
"But, to be sure, it is well with the other four. It is
well with those of you who, being in Christ, are gone to God.
You Ministers and members of Christ have no more doubt
or pain about them. They are now, and for ever, out of the
reach of the world, flesh, and devil. They are gone where
the wicked cease from troubling, and where the weary are at
rest.' They are sweetly reposed in Abraham's bosom. They
dwell in His presence who hath redeemed them; where 'there
is fulness of joy, and pleasures for evermore.' They are
waiting the joyful morning of the resurrection, when their
vile bodies shall be made like unto his glorious body, shall
be re-united to their souls, shall receive the joyful sentence,
and inherit the kingdom prepared for them from the
foundation of the world.
It is well also with those of you who are in Christ, though
not gone to God. You live next door to them. Heaven is
begun with you too. The kingdom of God is within you.
You feel it. This is a kingdom of righteousness, and peace,
and joy in the Holy Ghost. It is begun in grace, and shall
terminate in glory. Yea, it is Christ within you, the hope of
glory.' Christ the rock, the foundation, laid in your hearts.
Hope in the middle, and glory at the top. Christ, hope, glory ;
Christ, hope, glory. You are washed in the blood of the
Lamb, justified, sanctified, and shall shortly be glorified.
Yea, your lives are already 'hid with Christ in God.' You
have your conversation already in heaven. Already you 'sit
in heavenly places in Christ Jesus.' What heavenly sentences
are these! What can come nearer Paradise? Bless the Lord,
O ye happy souls, and let all that is within you bless his holy
name. Sing unto the Lord so long as you live, and praise
REV. J. WESLEY'S
your God while you have your being. And how long will
that be? Through the endless ages of a glorious eternity.
"0 my dear brothers and sisters, this is my hope, and this
is my purpose. But to whom and to what are we indebted for
all this, and infinitely more than all the tongues and hearts of
men or angels can tell or conceive? To our Redeemer only,
and to his merits. Christ within us is Jesus to us. We were
poor, lost, helpless sinners, 'aliens from the commonwealth ot
Israel,' and children of wrath;' but Jesus lived, and Jesus
died, the just for the unjust, to bring us to the enjoyment of it.
"And what does all this require at our hands? Why,
infinitely more than we can render him to all eternity.
However, let us praise and glorify God in the best manner,
and with the best member that we have. Let us do it
constantly, cordially, cheerfully, so long :as we live; and
then, no doubt, we shall do it in heaven for ever.
"Keep close, I beseech you, to every means of grace.
Strive to walk in all the ordinances and commandments of
God blameless, giving all diligence to make your calling and
election sure::Add to your faith virtue; to virtue knowledge;
to knowledge temperance; to temperance patience; to patience
godliness; to godliness brotherly kindness; to brotherly
kindness charity.'-For 'if these things,' says St. Peter, 'be
in you, and abound, they make you that you shall neither be
barren nor. unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus
Christ.' Thus you will give the best token of your thankful-
ness to him for what he hath done for your souls ; and you
shall, not long hence, in heaven sing his .praise with your
happy brethren, gone thither before you.
It is well, likewise, with all those of you who do truly
desire to be in Christ, that you may go to God.. Surely he
owns you; your desires are from him; you shall enjoy his
favour. By and by you shall have peace with him through our
Lord Jesus Christ. Go forth by the footsteps of the flock, and
feed ye by the Shepherd's tents. Be constant in every means
of grace. IHe will be found of them that diligently seek him.
'Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be comforted.'
Though your sins be never so many, never so monstrous, all
shall be forgiven. He will have mercy upon you, and will
abundantly pardon. For where sin hath abounded, grace doth
much more abound. He who hath begun this good work in
you will accomplish it to your eternal good, and his eternal:
glory. Therefore, doubt not, fear not. A broken and a
contrite heart God will not despise. The deeper is your sorrow,
the nearer is your joy. Your extremity is God's opportunity.
It is usually darkest before day-break. You shall shortly find
pardon, peace, and plenteous redemption, and at last rejoice
in the common and glorious salvation of his saints.
"And, lastly, it is well for you, who neither truly desire to
be in Christ, nor to go to God; for it is well for you that you
are out of hell: It is well your day of grace is not utterly
past. Behold, now is your accepted time; behold, now is the
day of your salvation O that you may employ the remainder
of it in working out your salvation with fear and trembling!
Now is faith to be had, saving faith ; now you may be washed
from all your sins in the Redeemer's blood, justified, sanctified,
and prepared for heaven. Take, I beseech you, the time
while the time is: You have now the means of grace to use;
the ordinances of God to enjoy; his word to read and hear;
his Ministers to instruct you; and his members to converse
with. You know not what a day may bring forth: You may
die suddenly. As death leaves you, judgment will find you:
And if you die as you are, out of Christ, void of true faith,
unregenerate, unsanctified, snares, fire and brimstone, storm
and tempest, God will rain upon you, (Psalm xi. 6,) as your
eternal, intolerable portion to drink.
Suffer me, therefore, thus far, one and all of you. God's
glory and your everlasting welfare is all I aim at. What I look
for in return from you is, I confess, much more than I deserve,
-your prayers. Pray for me, and I will pray for you, who am
"Your affectionate brother,
APRIL 9.-(Being Good Friday.) I had almost lost my
voice by a cold : However, I spoke as I could till, before
twelve, (it being a watch-night,) I could speak near as well
On Easter-Day we had uncommon congregations, as indeed
we have had all the week: And I observed a more stayed
,,ud solid behaviour in most, than is usual in this kingdom.
Monday and Tuesday I was employed in visiting the classes;
and I.was much comforted among them: There was such an
hunger and thirst in all who had tasted of the grace of God
after a full renewal in his image.
SSun. 18.-As often as I have been here I never saw the
REV. J. WESLEY'S
House thoroughly filled before: And the multitude did not
come together in vain. I think.many will remember this day.
Mon. 19.-I left Dublin; and I could look back with satis-
faction on the days I had spent therein. I had reason to
believe that God had been at work in a very uncommon
manner. Many of those who once contradicted and blasphemed
were now convinced of "the truth as it is in Jesus:" Many
who had long revolted from God had returned to him with
full purpose of heart. Several mourners had found peace
with God, and some believe he has saved them from all sin:
Many more are all on fire for this salvation; and a spirit
of love runs through the whole people.
I came in the evening to Newry, where I found a far different
face of things. Offences had broke the society in pieces, only
two-and-thirty being left of near an hundred. But God has a
few names left here also. Let these stand firm, and God will
maintain his own cause.
Wed. 21.-I rode to Carrickfergus. The violent rain kept
away the delicate and curious hearers. For the sake of these
1 delayed the morning preaching till a quarter before nine:
But it was too early still for a great part of the town, who
could not possibly rise before ten. I added a few members
to the society, and left them in peace and love.
Where to preach in Belfast I did not know. It was too
wet to preach abroad; and a dancing-master was busily
employed in the upper part of the market-house; till at twelve
the sovereign put him out, by holding his court there. While
he was above, I began below, to a very serious and attentive
audience. But they were all poor; the rich of Belfast cared
for none of these things."
After dinner we rode to Newtown, and found another poor,
shattered society, reduced from fifty to eighteen members, and
most of those cold enough. In the evening I preached to a
large congregation in the market-house, on, "I will heal their
backsliding." God fulfilled his word : Many were healed, and
many more deeply wounded. I had full employment among
them the next day; and on Saturday, 24, I left between
thirty and forty members, full of desire, and hope, and earnest
resolutions, not to be almost, but altogether, Christians.
About ten I preached at Comber, and then rode to Lisburn,
where, in the evening, I had many rich and genteel hearers.
Sunday, 25. The congregation was larger in the morning than
April, 1762.] JOURNAL. 91
the evening before, and many appeared to be deeply wounded.
O may none heal their wound slightly But far the largest
congregation of all met in the evening; and yet I saw not a
scoffer, no, nor trifler, among them.
Mon. 26.-In the evening I preached to a large congregation
in the market-house at Lurgan. I now embraced the opportu-
nity which I had long desired, of talking with Mr. Miller, the
contriver of that statue which was in Lurgan when I was there
before. It was the figure of an old man, standing in a case,
with a curtain drawn before him, over against a clock which
stood on the other side of the room. Every time the clock
struck, he opened the door with one hand, drew back the
curtain with the other, turned his head, as if looking round on
the company, and then said, with a clear, loud, articulate
voice, Past one, two, three," and so on. But so many came
to see this (the like of which all allowed was not to be seen
in Europe) that Mr. Miller was in danger of being ruined,
not having time to attend his own business; so, as none
offered to purchase it, or to reward him for his pains, he took
the whole machine in pieces: Nor has he any thought of ever
making anything of the kind again.
Tues. 27.-I preached in Lurgan at five; in Terryhugan
at ten; and at two in the market-house at Rich-Hill. I have
rarely seen so serious a congregation at a new place. At six I
preached in the new preaching-house at Claumain, the largest
in the north of Ireland ; and the people were all alive, being
stirred up by Mr. Ryan, once an attorney, but now living
upon his own estate.
Wed. 28.-The rain kept off the curious hearers, so that we
had few in the evening but earnest souls; after sermon we
had a love-feast. It was a wonderful time. God poured out
his Spirit abundantly. Many were filled with consolation,
particularly two who had come from Lisburn, (three-and-
twenty Irish miles,) one a lifeless backslider, the other a girl of
sixteen, who had been sometime slightly convinced of sin. God
restored him tothe light of hiscountenance, and gave her a clear
evidence of his love; and indeed in so uncommon a manner,
that it seemed her soul was all love. One of our brethren was
constrained openly to declare, he believed God had wrought
this change in him. I trust he will not lightly cast away the
gift which God has given him. In the morning I left them
rejoicing and praising God, and rode to Monaghan.
REV. J: WESLEY'S
The commotions in Munster having now alarmed all
Ireland, we had hardly alighted, when some wise persons
informed the Provost there were three strange sort of men
come to the King's Arms. So the Provost with his officers
came without delay, to secure the north from so imminent a
danger. I was just come out, when I was required to return
into the house. The Provost asked me many questions, and
perhaps the affair might have turned serious, had I not had
two letters with me, which I had lately received; one from the
Bishop of Londonderry, the other from the Earl of Moira.
Upon reading these, he excused himself for the trouble he had
given, and wished me a good journey.
Between six and seven I preached at Coot-Hill, and in
the morning rode on to Enniskillen; the situation of which
is both pleasant and strong, as it is surrounded by 'a deep
and broad river; but fortifications it has none; no, nor so
much as an old Castle. The inhabitants glory that they
have no Papist in the town.
After riding round, and round, we came in the evening to
a lone house called Carrick-a-Beg. It lay in the midst of
horrid mountains; and had no very promising appearance.
However, it afforded corn for our horses, and potatoes for
ourselves. So we made an hearty supper, called in as many
as pleased of the family to prayers, and, though we had no
fastening either for our door or our windows, slept in peace.
Sat. MAY 1.-We took horse at five. The north-east
wind would have suited the first of January; and we had
soaking rain on the black mountains. However, before noon
we came well to Sligo.
None in Sligo, when I was there last, professed so much love
to me as Mr. Knox's family. They would willingly have had
me with them morning, noon, and night, and omitted no
possible mark of affection. But what a change! Mrs. K-
went into the country the day before I came; her brother and
his wife set out for Dublin, at the same time; he himself, and
the rest of his family, saw me, that is, at church, because they
could not: help it;
But wondered at the strange man's face,
As one they ne'er had known.
I am sorry for their sake, not my own. Perhaps they may
wish to see me when it is too late.
Sun. 2.-I preached in the market-house, morning and
evening. Abundance of the Dragoons were there; so were
many of the Officers, who behaved with uncommon seriousness.
Mon. 3.-In the evening a company of players began
acting in the upper part of the market-house, just as we began
singing in the lower. The case of these is remarkable. The
Presbyterians for a long time had their public worship here;
but when the strollers came to town, they were turned out;
and from that time had no public worship at all. On Tuesday
evening the lower part too was occupied by buyers and sellers
of oatmeal; but as soon as I began, the people quitted their
sacks, and listened to-business of greater importance.
On the following days I preached at Carrick-on-Shannon,
Drumersnave, Cleg-Hill, Longford, and Abidarrig. Saturday,
8. Calling on a friend in our way, we had not sat down before
several of the neighbours, Papists as well as Protestants, came
in, supposing I was to preach. I was not willing to disappoint
them: Arid they all listened with deep attention.
Hence I rode to Athlone. I intended on Sunday, 9, to
preach abroad as usual; but the sharp wind made it imprac-
ticable, and obliged me to keep in the Iouse. The congre-
gations, however, were large, both morning and evening; and
I found a little fruit of my labour.
Thur. 13.-I was in hopes even the Papists here had at
length a shepherd who cared for their souls. He was stricter
than any of his predecessors, and was esteemed a man of piety
as well as learning. Accordingly, he had given them strict
orders not to work on the Lord's day; but I found he
allowed them to play as' much as they pleased, at cards in
particular; nay, and averred it was their duty so to do, to
refresh both their bodies and minds. Alas, for the blind
leader of the blind Has not he the greater sin ?
Sun. 16.-I had observed to the society last week, that I
had not seen one congregation ever in Ireland behave so ill at
church as that at Athlone, laughing, talking, and staring
about during the whole service. I had added, This is your
fault; for if you had attended the church, as you ought,to
have done, your presence and example would not have failed
to influence the whole congregation." And so it appeared:
I saw not one to-day either laughing, talking,.or staring
about; but a remarkable seriousness was spread from the one
end of the church to the other.
Mon. 17.-I preached at Ahaskra to all the Protestants in
REV. J. WESLEY'S
or near the town. But their Priests would not suffer the
Papists to come. What could a Magistrate do in this caee ?
Doubtless he might tell the Priest, Sir, as you enjoy liberty
of conscience, you shall allow it to others. You are not
persecuted yourself: You shall not persecute them."
Tues. 18.-I preached at Ballinasloe about ten in the
morning, and in the evening at Aghrim. Thursday, 20. I
rode on to Hollymount. The sun was extremely hot, so that
I was much exhausted. But after a little rest, I preached in
the church-yard without any weariness.
Fri. 21.-I preached at Balcarrow- church at ten to a
deeply serious congregation, and in the Court-House ae
Castlebar in the evening. Sunday, 23. The chief family in
tile town made a part of our congregation. And whether
they received any benefit thereby or no, their example may
bring others who will receive it.
Mon. 24.-I went with two friends, to see one of the greatest
natural wonders in Ireland,-Mount-Eagle, vulgarly called
Crow-Patrick. The foot of it is fourteen miles from Castlebar.
There we left our horses, and procured a guide. It was just
twelve when we alighted ; the sun was burning hot, and we had
not a breath of wind. Part of the ascent was a good deal steeper
than an ordinary pair of stairs. About two we gained the top,
which is an oval, grassy plain, about an hundred and fifty yards
in length, and seventy or eighty in breadth. The upper part of
the mountain much resembles the Peak of Teneriffe. I think
it cannot rise much less than a mile perpendicular from the
plain below. There is an immense prospect on one side toward
the sea, and on the other over the land. But as most of it is
waste and uncultivated, the prospect is not very pleasing.
At seven in the evening I preached at Newport, and at six
in the morning. I then returned to Westport, and began
reading Prayers at ten. After sermon I had a little con-
versation with Lord Westport, an extremely sensible man,
and would gladly have stayed with him longer, but that I
had promised to be at Castlebar; where, in the evening, I
preached my farewell sermon to a numerous congregation.
Wed. 26.-We took horse at four, to enjoy the cool of the
morning. At seven the sun was warm enough: I verily think
as warm as in Georgia. We could not have borne it, but the
wind was in our face. However, in the afternoon we got well to
Galway. There was a small society here, and (what is not coim-
mon) all of them were young women. Between seven and eight
I began preaching in the Court-House to a mixed multitude of
Papists and Protestants, rich and poor, who appeared to be
utterly astonished. At five in the morning I preached again,
and spoke as plain as I possibly could. But to the far greater
part it seemed to be only as the sound of many waters."
Thur. 27.-We had another Georgian day; but having
the wind again full in our face, after riding about fifty English
miles, we got well to Ennis in the afternoon. Many being
ready to make a disturbance at the Court- House, I left them
to themselves, and preached over against Mr. Bindon's house,
in great quietness.
Fri. 28.-I was informed, that a few days before, two
of Mr. B- 's maids went .to bathe (as the women here
frequently do) in the river near his house. The water was
not above a yard deep; but there was a deep hole at a little
distance.' As one of them dashed water at the other, she,
endeavouring to avoid it, slipped into the hole, and the first
striving to help her slipped in too: Nor was either of them
seen any more, till their bodies floated upon the water. Yet
after some hours, one of them was brought to life. But the
other could not be recovered.
The violent heat, which had continued for eight days, was
now at an end, the wind turning north. So on Saturday, 29,
we had a pleasant ride to Limerick. Sunday, 30. I preached
in the old camp. The pleasantness of the place, the calmness
of the:evening, and the convenient distance from the town,
all conspired to draw the people together, who flocked from
every quarter. Many .Officers, as well as abundance of
soldiers, were among them, and behaved with the utmost
decency. I preached the following evenings at the same place,
and that in great measure for the sake of the soldiers, it
being within a musket-shot of the place where they were
exercising. Nay, two evenings an Officer ordered a large body
to exercise on the very spot. But the moment I began they
laid down their arms, and joined the rest of the congregation.
Fri. JUNE 4.-I preached at noon in Balligarane, to a large
congregation, chiefly of Palatines. And so at Newmarket in
the evening, and the morning following. These have quite a
different look from the natives of the country, as well as a
different temper. They are a serious, thinking people. And
their diligence turns all their land into a garden.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Mon. 7.-1 met a large number of children, just as much
acquainted with God, and with the things of God, as "a
wild ass's colt," and just as much concerned about them.
And yet who can believe that these pretty little creatures
have "the wrath of God abiding on them?"
Numberless crowds ran together about this time, to see
the execution of the poor deserter. And I believe some of
them retained serious impressions for near four-and-twenty
hours But it was not so with the soldiers : Although they
walked one by one, close to the bleeding, mangled carcase,
most of them were as merry within six hours, as if they had
only seen a puppet-show.
Tues. 8.-I visited the classes, and 'wondered to find no
witness of the great salvation. Surely the flame which is
kindled in Dublin will not stop there. The next evening
God did indeed kindle it here; a cry went up on every side;
,and the lively believers seemed all on fire to be "cleansed
from all unrighteousness."
On Friday and Saturday I had much conversation with a
very noted person. But I found none in town who expected
that any good could be done to such a sinner as him Such
a sinner? Why, were we not all such? We were dead in
sin. And is he more than dead?
Sun. 13.-Being informed I had shot over the heads of
the soldiers, who did not understand any thing but hell and
damnation," I took my leave of them this evening by
strongly applying the story of Dives and Lazarus: They
seemed to understand this; and all but two or three boy.
officers behaved as men fearing God.
Mon. 14.-I rode to Cork. Here I procured an exact
account of the late commotions. About the beginning of
December last, a few men met by night near Nenagh, in the
county of .Limerick, and threw down the fences of some
commons, which had been lately inclosed. Near the same
time others met in the county of Tipperary, of Waterford,
and of Cork. As no one offered to suppress or hinder them,
they increased in number continually, and called them-
selves Whiteboys, wearing, white cockades, and white linen
frocks. In February there were five or six parties of
them, two or three hundred men in each, who moved up and
down, chiefly in the night; but for what end did not appear.
Only they levelled a few fences, dug up some grounds;
and hamstrung some cattle, perhaps fifty or sixty in all. One
body of them came into Cloheen, of about five hundred foot,
and two hundred horse. They moved as exactly as regular
troops, and appeared to be throughly disciplined. They now
sent letters to several gentlemen, threatening to pull down their
houses. They compelled every one they met to take an oath
to be true to Queen Sive (whatever that meant) and the
Whiteboys; not to reveal their secrets; and to join them
when called upon. It was supposed, eight or ten thousand
were now actually risen, many of them well armed; and that
a far greater number were ready to rise whenever they should
be called upon. Those who refused to swear, they threatened
to bury alive. Two or three they did bury up to the neck,
and left them; where they must quickly have perished, had
they not been found in time by some travelling by. At length,
toward Easter, a body of troops, chiefly light horse, were sent
against them. Many were apprehended and committed to
gaol; the rest of them disappeared. This is the plain, naked
fact, which has been so variously represented.
Thur. 17.-I rode about thirty English miles, through a
pleasant and well-cultivated country, to Youghall. It is finely
situated on the side of an hill, so as to command a wide sea-
prospect. I preached in the evening at the Exchange.
Abundance of people attended; as did the far greater part
of them at five o'clock in the morning. I returned to Cork
on Friday. Sunday, 20. At the desire of Captain Taylor, I
went to Passage, and preached to many of the town's people,
and as many of the sailors as could attend. On Monday and
Tuesday I visited the classes, and observed what was very
uncommon; in two years there was neither any increase nor
any decrease in this society. Two hundred and thirty-three
members I left, and two hundred and thirty-three I find.
Thur. 24.-I rode to Kinsale, and preached in the
Exchange to a considerable number of attentive hearers. In
the afternoon I rode to Bandon, and found the society much
lessened, and dead enough. Yet the congregation in the
main street was remarkably large, as well as deeply attentive.
So it was on Friday. Saturday, 26. I visited the classes,
and exhorted them to "be zealous and repent." The word
sunk into their hearts; so that when we met in the evening,
they did not seem to be the same persons. They appeared
to breathe quite another spirit, every one stirring up his
VOL. III. H