REV. JOHN WESLEY, A.M.
SOMETIME FELLOW OF LINCOLN COLLEGE, OXFORD.
WITH THE LAST CORRECTIONS OF THE AUTHOR.
WESLEYAN CONFERENCE OFFICE,
2, CASTLE STREET, CITY ROAD;
AND ATERIXCSTER- 1RW.
[ENTERED AT STATIONERSALL.
[ENTERED AT STATIONERS' HALL.]
IIARMf &- HAnLLY, PfiNTEns, 39-44, COWP~lt STULET, FIXSBuny, E.C.
REVEREND JOHN WESLEY, A.M.
SOMETIME FELLOW OF LINCOLN COLLEGE, OXFORD.
FROM DECEMBER 2, 1745, TO MAY 5, 1760.
FROM OCTOBER 27, 1743, TO NOVEMBER 17, 1746.
Mon. DECEMBER 2.-The alarms still increased in
London, on account of the nearer approach of the rebels.
But how easy are all these things to them who can commit
both soul and body to a merciful and faithful Creator!
About this time I received some farther accounts from the
army; the substance of which was as follows:-
"REV. SIR, October 10, 1745.
"I SHALL acquaint you with the Lord's dealings with us,
since April last. We marched from Ghent to Allost on the
14th, where I met with two or three of our brethren in the
fields, and we sung and prayed together, and were comforted.
On the 15th I met a small company about three miles from
the town, and the Lord filled our hearts with love and peace.
On the 17th we marched to the camp near Brussels. On
the 18th I met a small congregation on the side of a hill, and
spoke from those words, 'Let us go forth, therefore, to him
without the camp, bearing his reproach.' On the 28th I
spoke from those words of Isaiah, 'Thus saith the Lord con-
cerning the house of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be ashamed,
neither shall his face now wax pale.' On the 29th we marched
close to the enemy; and when I saw them in their camp, my
bowels moved toward them in love and pity for their souls.
We lay on our arms all night. In the morning, April 80,
the cannon began to play, at half an hour after four; and the
Lord took away all fear from me, so that I went into the field
with joy. The balls flew on either hand, and men fell in
abundance; but nothing touched me till about two o'clock:
Then I received a ball through my left arm, and rejoiced so
much the more. Soon after I received another into my right,
which obliged me to quit the field. But I scarce knew whether
I was on earth or in heaven : It was one of the sweetest days
I ever enjoyed. WM. CLE- TS."
VOL. II. B
KEV. J. WESLEY's
"Leare, near Antwerp, Oct. 21, 1745.
"SINCE I wrote to you last I have gone through great
trials. It was not the least that I have lost my dear brother
Clements for a season, being shot through both the arms.
To try me farther, J. Evans, and Bishop, were both killed
in the battle, as was C. Greenwood, soon after. Two more
who did speak boldly in the name of Jesus, are fallen into the
world again. So I am left alone: But I know it is for my
good. Seeing iniquity so much abound, and the love of many
wax cold, adds wings to my devotion; and my faith grows
daily as a plant by the waterside.
"April 30.-The Lord was pleased to try our little flock,
and to show them his mighty power. Some days before, one of
them, standing at his tent-door, broke out into raptures of joy,
knowing his departure was at hand; and was so filled with the
love of God, that he danced before his comrades. In the battle,
before he died, he openly declared, 'I am going to rest from my
labours in the bosom of Jesus.' I believe nothing like this.was
ever heard of before, in the midst of so wicked an army as ours.
Some were crying out in their wounds, 'I am going to my
Beloved;' others, 'Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly!' and
many that were not wounded, crying to their Lord, to take
them to himself. There was such boldness in the battle
among this little despised flock, that it made the Officers, as
well as common soldiers, amazed: And they acknowledge it
to this day. As to my own part, I stood the fire of the enemy
for above seven hours: Then my horse was shot under me,
and I was exposed both to the enemy and our own horse. But
that did not discourage me at all; for I knew the God of
Jacob was with me. I had a long way to go, the balls flying
on every side; and thousands lay bleeding, groaning, dying,
and dead, on each hand. Surely I was as in the fiery
furnace; but it never singed one' hair of my head. The hotter
it grew the more strength was given me. I was full of joy
and love, as much as I could well bear. Going on, I met one
of our brethren, with a little dish in his hand, seeking for water.
He smiled, and said he had got a sore wound in his leg. I
asked, 'Have you gotten Christ in your heart ?' He answered,
'I have, and I have had him all the day. Blessed be God
that I ever saw your face.'-Lord, what am I, that I should
be counted worthy to set my hand to the Gospel plough?
Lord, humble me, and lay me in the dust J. H."
Sun. 8.-I took my leave of poor J. C., just embarking for
Germany. I admire the justice of God! He who would
never long be advised by any who treated him as a reasonable
creature, is at length fallen among those who will make him
s passive a tool as ever moved upon wire.
Wed. 18.-Being the day of the National Fast, we met
t four in the morning. I preached on Joel ii. 12, &c.' At
ine our service in West-Street began. At five I preached
at the Foundery again, on, "The Lord sitteth above the
water-floods." Abundance of people were at West-Street
chapel, and at the Foundery, both morning and evening; as
also (we understood) at every place of public worship,
throughout London and Westminster. And such a solemnity
and seriousness every where appeared as had not been lately
seen in England.
We had within a short time given away some thousands of
little tracts among the common people. And it pleased God
hereby to provoke others to jealousy. Insomuch that the Lord
Mayor had ordered a large quantity of papers, dissuading from
cursing and swearing, to be printed, and distributed to the
Train-bands. And this day, "An Earnest Exhortation to
Serious Repentance" was given at every church-door, in or
near London, to every person who came out; and one left at
the house of every householder who was absent from church.
I doubt not but God gave a blessing therewith. And
perhaps then the sentence of desolation was recalled.
It was on this very day that the Duke's army was so
remarkably preserved in the midst of the ambuscades at
Clifton-Moor. The rebels fired many volleys upon the King's
troops, from the hedges and walls, behind which they lay.
And yet, from first to last, only ten or twelve men fell, the
shot flying over their heads.
Wed. 25.-I talked with a young man, who seemed to be
under strong convictions: But, I fear, only seemed. I am
surprised that, in so many years, this is the first hypocrite of
"the kind I have met with; the first who appeared to have
deliberately put on the mask of religion, purely to serve a
Fri. 27.-Having received a long letter from Mr. Hall,
earnestly pressing my brother and me to renounce the Church
of England, (for not complying with which advice he seen
renounced us,) I wrote to him as follows:-
REV. J. WESLEY'S
"Now you act the part of a friend. It has been long
our desire, that you would speak freely. And we will do the
lame. What we know not yet, may God reveal to us!
"You think, First, That we undertake to defend some
things which are not defensible by the word of God. You
instance in three; on each of which we will explain ourselves
as clearly as we can.
"1. That the validity of our ministry depends on a
succession supposed to be from the Apostles, and a com-
mission derived from the Pope of Rome, and his successors
"We believe it would not be right for us to administer
either Baptism or the Lord's Supper, unless we had a
commission so to do from those Bishops whom we apprehend
to be in a succession from the Apostles. And yet we allow
these Bishops are the successors of those who were dependent
on the Bishop of Rome.
"But we would be glad to know, on what reasons you
believe this to be inconsistent with the word of God?
"2. That there is an outward priesthood, and consequently
an outward sacrifice, ordained and offered by the Bishop
of Rome, and his successors or dependents, in the Church
of England, as Vicars and Vicegerents of Christ.
"We believe there is, and always was, in every Christian
Church, (whether dependent on the Bishop of Rome or not,)
an outward priesthood, ordained by Jesus Christ, and an
outward sacrifice offered therein, by men authorized to
act as ambassadors of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries
On what grounds do you believe that Christ has abolished
that priesthood or sacrifice?
"3. That this Papal hierarchy and prelacy, which still
continues in the Church of England, is of Apostolical
institution, and authorized thereby, though not by the written
"We believe that the threefold order of Ministers, (which
you seem to mean by Papal hierarchy and prelacy,) is not
only authorized by its Apostolical institution, but also by the
"Yet we are willing to hear and weigh whatever reasons
induce you to believe to the contrary.
You think, Secondly, that we ourselves give up some
things as indefensible, which are defended by the same law
and authority that establishes the things above mentioned;
such as are many of the laws, customs, and practices of the
"We allow, 1. That those laws, customs, and practices are
"2. That there are Acts of Parliament in defence of them;
and also of the threefold order.
"But will you show us how it follows, either, (1.) That
those things and these stand or fall together ? Or, (2.) That
we cannot sincerely plead for the one, though we give up
"Do you not here quite overlook one circumstance, which
might be a key to our whole behaviour? namely, that we no
more look upon these filthy abuses which adhere to our
Church as part of the building, than we look upon any filth
which may adhere to the walls of Westminster Abbey as a
part of that structure.
"You think, Thirdly, That there are other things which
we defend and practise, in open contradiction to the orders
of the Church of England. And this you judge to be a just
exception against the sincerity of our professions to adhere
"Compare what we profess with what we practise, and you
will possibly be of another judgment.
"We profess, 1. That we will obey all the laws of that
Church, (such we allow the Rubrics to be, but not the customs
of the Ecclesiastical Courts,) so far as we can with a safe
"2. That we will obey, with the same restriction, the
Bishops, as executors of those laws. But their bare will,
distinct from those laws, we do not profess to obey at all.
"Now point out, what is there in our practice which is au
open contradiction to these professions ?
"Is field-preaching ? Not at all. It is contrary to no la r
which we profess to obey.
The allowing Lay-Preachers ? We are not clear that this
is contrary to any such law. But if it is, this is one of the
exempt cases; one wherein we cannot obey with a safe con-
science. Therefore, be it right or wrong on other accounts,
it is, however, no just exception against our sincerity.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
The rules and directions given to our societies? which,
you say, is a discipline utterly forbidden by the Bishops.
When and where did any Bishop forbid this? And if any
did, By what law? We know not either the man who ever
did forbid, or the law by which he could forbid it.
"The allowing persons (for we require none) to communi-
cate at the chapel, in contradiction (you think) to all those
Rubrics which require all to attend always on their own
parish-church and Pastor, and to receive only at his table ?
"Which Rubrics are those? We cannot find them. And
till these are produced, all that is so frequently said of
parochial unity, &c., is merely gratis dictum. Consequently,
neither is this any just exception against the sincerity of any
of our professions.
"Dec. 30, 1745. J. W."
Wednesday, JANUARY 1, 1746.-I preached at four in the
morning, on, I am the Almighty God: Walk before me, and
be thou perfect." We dined with poor John Webb, now
throughly poisoned by Robert Barclay's "Apology," which he
was sure would do him no hurt, till all his love to his brethren
was swallowed up in dotage about questions and strife of
Wed. 8.-I waited on Mr. B- e, Rector of who
had sent to me, as soon as he had read the "Farther Appeal."
He said, "Sir, all this is sad truth: But what can we do
to help it?" I went afterwards to another Clergyman, who
had likewise sent and desired to speak with me. How
is this? I thought the publication of this tract would have
enraged the world above measure: And, on the contrary,
it seems nothing ever was published which softened them so
Mon. 13.-1 had a visit from Mr. S., an honest, zealous
Anabaptist Teacher. Finding he would dispute, I let him
dispute, and held him to the point till between eleven and
twelve o'clock. By that time he was willing to take breath.
Perhaps he may be less fond of dispute for the time to come.
Mon. 20.-I set out for Bristol. On the road I read over
Lord King's Account of the Primitive Church. In spite
of the vehement prejudice of my'education, I was ready to
believe that this was a fair and impartial draught; but if so,
it would follow that Bishops and Presbyters are (essentially)
of one order; and that originally every Christian congregation
was a Church independent on all others !
Tues. 21.-I read Bishop Butler's "Discourse on
Analogy;" a strong and well-wrote treatise; but, I am afraid,
far too deep for their understanding to whom it is primarily
SMonday, FEBRUARY 3, and the following days, I visited
several of the country societies.
Mon. 10.-I preached at Paulton; on Thursday noon, at
Shepton-Mallet; and at Oak-Hill in the evening. The next
morning I walked (it being scarce possible to ride, because
of the frost) to Coleford.
Sun. 16.-I took my leave of Bristol and Kingswood; and
Monday, 17, set out for Newcastle.
I preached near Thornbury about noon; and in the evening
at Wall-Bridge, near Stroud.
Tues. 18.-We pushed on through thick and thin, and with
much difficulty got to Stanley. Thence, after an hour's stop,
we hastened on. The brooks were so swoln with the late rains,
that the common roads were impassable; but our guide, know-
ing the country, carried us round about through the fields, so
that we escaped the dangerous waters, and soon after sunset
came (wet and dirty enough) to Evesham.
Wed. 19.-We rode to Birmingham, where many of our
brethren from several parts met us in the evening.
Thur. 20.-We set out as soon as it was light. Before we
came to Aldridge-Heath, the rain changed into snow, which
the northerly wind drove full in our faces, and crusted us over
from head to foot in less than an hour's time. We inquired
of one who lived at the entrance of the moors, which was our
best way to Stafford. Sir," said he, "'tis a thousand pound
to a penny, that you do not come there to-day. Why, 'tis
four long miles to the far side of this common; and in a clear
day, I am not sure to go right across it: And now all the
roads are covered with snow; and it snows so, that you cannot
see before you." However, we went on, and I believe did
not go ten yards out of the way till we came into Stafford.
In the evening we reached Roger Moss's house. I preached
on Rom. iii. 22, and joined a few together as a society. Fri-
day, 21. We breakfasted at Bradbury-Green, whence we rode
on to Marsden; and the next day, Saturday, 22, to Leeds.
I preached at five. As we went home a great mob followed,
REV. J. WESLEY'S
and threw whatever came to hand. I was struck several times,
once or twice in the face, but not hurt at all. I walked on to
the Recorder's, and told him the case. He promised to
prevent the like for the time to come.
Sun. 23.-I preached at eight without any interruption;
in Birstal at one, and again at five. Monday, 24. I preached
at Skircoat-Green, near Halifax, to a whole company of
Quakel-s. The good man of the house, about four-score
years old, had formerly been a Speaker among them. But
from fear of man, he desisted, and so quenched the Spirit,
that he was in darkness for near forty years; till hearing John
Nelson declare the love of God in Christ, light again sprung
up in his soul.
In the. evening I preached to a quiet congregation at
Bradford. Tuesday, 25. About nine I began at Keighley:
Thence, (finding the snow was so deep, I could not go
through the vales,) I went the straight way, and came to
Newcastle, Wednesday, 26.
Fri. 28.-I took my leave of Katy Parks, calmly waiting
till her change should come. A day or two after she had her
desire, sweetly giving up her soul to God.
Of the same spirit was the writer of the following letter:-
"DEAR SIR, February 22, 1745.
"You may remember to have seen me at Oxford once.
Since then, by walking somewhat different from the ways cf
the world, I have incurred the displeasure of the world; and
I have gone through many trials. My friends and nearest
relations have done their utmost to separate me from God and
his children; but, blessed be our dear Lord, all their attempts
have hitherto been in vain. Of late they have seemed resolved
on other measures; namely, to separate me from themselves;
but, notwithstanding all their threats, I hope, by the power
of God, to remain unshaken to the end. I would willingly
suffer the loss of all things, rather than deny the Lord that
bought me. And I am persuaded, that neither life nor death
shall ever separate me from his love.
"The sum of all my desires anl hopes in this world, for
many years, has been this:-To be regularly sent forth as an
ambassador of Christ. I long to spend and be spent for the
best of Masters; but I doubt my relations have disappointed
me of this; for Oxford knows my place no more.
My uncle sees that nobody can do his business better,
or perhaps so well as myself; but he can't bear a Methodist in
his house. He wants to have me of his own taste; but as I
have been washed, I cannot, I dare not, I will not, by the
grace of God, turn to my former wallowing in the mire.
"Dear Sir, you see my case. There is nothing I so much
long for, as to be employed in the Lord's vineyard, though
utterly unworthy : I should be glad to be advised and directed
by you, what to do: I will do whatsoever you judge most
proper toward the promoting our Saviour's interest. I am
happy in his love, and
"Your most obedient servant,
But there was no need for his taking thought for the
morrow : For in a few weeks God took him to Himself.
Sat. MARCH 1.-I visited the sick, who increased daily in
every quarter of the town. It is supposed that two thousand
of the soldiers only, have died since their encampment: The
fever or flux sweeping them away by troops, in spite of all the
Physicians could do.
Wed. 5.-I preached at Whickham at noon; in the
evening at Spen; the next day at Burnupfield; and on
Saturday, 8, in the Square at Placey. A vehement storm
began in the middle of the sermon, which was driven full
upon us by the north-east wind; but the congregation
regarded it not.
Sunday, 9, was a day of solemn joy; yet, in the afternoon,
I felt a great damp, occasioned by my neglecting to speak
plainly to some who were deceiving their own souls. I do not
wonder at the last words of St. Augustine and Archbishop
Usher, "Lord, forgive me my sins of omission."
I preached on Monday, at Horsley; on Tuesday, at
Biddick; and on Wednesday, 12, at Sunderland, where I
endeavoured to bring the little society into some kind of order.
In the afternoon, being at Mrs.. Fenwick's, and seeing a child
there of ten or twelve years old, I asked, "Does your daughter
know Christ, or know she has need of him?" She replied,
with much concern, "I fear not: Nothing has ever affected
her at all." Immediately that word came into my mind,
"Before they call, I will answer." I was going to say,
"Come let us call upon God to show her she has need of a
Saviour;" but, before the words were pronounced, the child
turned away her face, and began crying as if she would break
REV. J. WESLEY'S
her heart. I could get no word from her but, "My sins, my
sins!" We then besought God to carry on his own work.
Mon. 17.-I took my leave of Newcastle, and set out with
Mr. Downes and Mr. Shepherd. But when we came to
Smeton, Mr. Downes was so ill, that he could go no further.
When Mr. Shepherd and I left Smeton, my horse was so
exceeding lame that I was afraid I must have lain by too.
We could not discern what it was that was amiss; and yet
he would scarce set his foot to the ground. By riding thus
seven miles, I was thoroughly tired, and my head ached more
than it had done for some months. (What I here aver is the
naked fact: Let every man account for it as he sees good.)
I then thought, "Cannot God heal either man or beast, by
any means, or without any?" Immediately my weariness
and head-ache ceased, and my horse's lameness in the same
instant. Nor did he halt any more either that day or the
next. A very odd accident this also!
Tues. 18.-I rode to Pontefract; on Wednesday, to
Epworth; and, on Thursday, by Barley-Hall, to Sheffield.
I was glad of having an opportunity here of talking with
a child I had heard of. She was convinced of sin some weeks
before by the words of her elder brother, (about eight years
of age,) dying as an hundred years old, in the full triumph
of faith. I asked her abruptly, "Do you love God?" She
said, "Yes, I do love him with all my heart." I said,
"Why do you love him?" She answered, "Because he has
saved me." I asked, "How has he saved you?" She
replied, "He has taken away my sins." I said, "How do
you know that?" She answered, "He told me himself on
Saturday, Thy sins are forgiven thee; and I believe him; and
I pray to him without a book. I was afraid to die; but now
I am not afraid to die; for if I die, I shall go to him."
Fri. 21.-I came to Nottingham. I had long doubted what
,it was which hindered the work of God here. But upon inquiry
the case was plain. So many of the society were either triflers
or disorderly walkers, that the blessing of God could not rest
upon them; so I made short work, cutting off all such at a
stroke, and leaving only that little handful who (as far as
could be judged) were really in earnest to save their souls.
Sat. 22.-I came to Wednesbury. The Antinomian
Teachers had laboured hard to destroy this poor people.
Sunday, 23. I talked an hour with the chief of them,
Stephen Timmins. I was in'doubt whether pride had not made
him mad. Au uncommon wildness and fierceness in his air,
his words, and the whole manner of his behaviour, almost
induced me to think God had for a season given him up into
the hands of Satan.
In the evening I preached at Birmingham. Here another
of their pillars, .T-- W- d, came to me, and, looking over
his shoulder, said, "Don't think I want to be in your society;
but if you are free to speak to me, you may." I will set down
the conversation, dreadful as it was, in the very manner wherein
it passed; that every serious person may see the true picture
of Antinomianism full grown; and may know what these men
mean by their favourite phrase, of being "perfect in Christ,
not in themselves."
"Do you believe you have nothing to do with the Law of
God?" "I have not: I am not under the Law: I live by
faith." Have you, as living by faith, a right to every thing
in the world?" "I have: All is mine, since Christ is mine."
"May you, then, take any thing you will any where?
Suppose, out of a shop, without the consent or knowledge of
the owner?" "I may, if I want it: For it is mine: Only
I wid not give offence." "Have you also a right to all the
women in the world?" "Yes, if they consent." "And is
not that a sin?" "Yes, to him that thinks it is a sin: But
not to those whose hearts are free." The same thing that
wretch, Roger Ball, affirmed in Dublin. Surely these are the
first-born children of Satan!
Tues. 25.-I preached at Evesham: Wednesday, 26, about
ten, at Stanley: In the afternoon, at the Friars, in Gloucester.
I preached at Wallbridge, near Stroud, in the evening; and
on Thursday, 27, rode to Bristol.
Thur. APRIL 3.-I spent an agreeable hour with our old
fellow-labourer, Mr. Humphreys. I found him open and
friendly, but rigorously tenacious of the Unconditional Decrees.
O that opinions should separate chief friends This is bigotry
Mon. 7.-I preached at Kingswood, on Isaiah lx., the seven-
teenth and following verses, and laid the first stone of the New
House there. In the evening I rode (with Mr. Shepherd) to
Bath, and Tuesday, the 8th, to Newbury. Here we met with
several of the little society in Blewbury; some of whom were
truly alive to God. What a proof is this, that God sends by
REV. J. WESLEY'S
whom he will send! Who hath begotten us these? David
Wed. 9.-In the evening I preached at Brentford. Many
were got together there who threatened great things. I went
and took one or two of their chiefs by the hand, and desired
them to come in. They did so, and were calm and silent. It
was a season of great refreshment. The next morning we
rode to London.
In the afternoon I buried the body of Ann Clowney, a poor
woman, whom many could never think to be a believer, because
she was a fool. (One of exceeding weak understanding, though
not directly a natural.) But in the time of sickness and pain,
none could deny the work of God. Neither did she die as a
Tues. 22.-I rode with Mr. Piers to see one who called
himself a prophet. We were with him about an hour. But I
could not at all think that he was sent of God: 1. Because he
appeared to be full of himself, vain, heady, and opinionated.
2. Because he spoke with extreme bitterness, both of the
King, and of all the Bishops, and all the Clergy. 3. Because
he aimed at talking Latin, but could not; plainly showing,
he understood not his own calling.
Wed. 23.-At the earnest request of a friend, I visited
Matthew Henderson, condemned for murdering his mistress.
A real, deep work of God seemed to be already begun in his
soul. Perhaps, by driving him too fast, Satan has driven him
to God; to that repentance which shall never be repented of.
About this time I received a letter from John Nelson,
whom I had left at Birmingham. Part of which was as
"Birstal, April 22, 1746.
"AFTER I left Wednesbury, I stayed two nights at Notting-
ham, and had large congregations. But while I was meeting
the society the second night, there came a mob, raging as if they
would pull the house to the ground. As soon as we had done
meeting, the Constable came and seized me, and said, I must
go before the Mayor, for making a riot. So he took me by the
arm, and led me through the streets, the mob accompanying us
with curses and huzzas. God gave me, as we went, to speak very
plain to the Constable, and to all that were near me; till one
cried out, 'Don't carry him to the Mayor, for he is a friend to
the Methodists, but to Alderman --.' Upon this he turned,
and led me to the Alderman's. When we were brought in, he
said, Sir, I have brought you another Methodist Preacher.'
He asked my name, and then said, 'I wonder you cannot stay
at home; you see the mob won't suffer you to preach in this
town.' I said, 'I did not know this town was governed by the
mob; most towns are governed by the Magistrates.' He said,
'What, do you expect us to take your parts, when you take
the people from their work?' I said, 'Sir, you are wrong
informed; we preach at five in the morning, and seven at
night: And these are the hours when most people are in their
beds in the morning, and at night, either at play or at the
alehouse.' Then he said, 'I believe you are the cause of all
the evil that is fallen upon the nation.' I said, 'What reason
have you to believe so? Can you prove that one Methodist
in England did assist the rebels, with either men, money, or
arms?' He answered, 'No; but it has been observed, that
there has been always such a people, before any great evil fell
on the land.' I said, 'It hath been as you say: But that
people was not the cause of the evil, no more than we are at
this time. But these mobbers, and swearers, and drunkards,
and whoremongers, and extortioners, and lovers of pleasure
more than lovers of God; these are the cause why God
afflicteth both man and beast,-not we: We are sent to per-
suade them to break off their sins byrepentance, that the heavy
judgments of God may not consume such a people. And
if there be not a general reformation, God will be avenged
of such a nation as this.' Then he said, Do not preach here.'
But God opened my mouth, and I did not cease to set life and
death before him. The Constable began to be uneasy, and
said, 'What must we do with him?' Well,' he said, 'I
understand he is for leaving the town to-morrow; I think you
must take him to your house.' But he desired to be excused.
Then the Justice said, 'You may go where you came from.'
When I had gone a little way through the mob, he came to
the door, and called, 'Mr. Nelson, stop a little.' Then he
ordered the Constable to conduct me to the house he fetched
me from, and take care that the mob did not hurt me. This
seemed to be a great mortification to him; but he was obliged
to do it. So he brought me to our brethren again; and left
us to give thanks to God for all his mercies."
Sun. MAY 4.-We left London in the evening, and on
Tuesday came to Bristol.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Mon. 12.-I dined with a gentleman who is fully persuaded,
that there is no such thing as either virtue or happiness upon
earth: Having found," he said, by repeated experiments,
that, notwithstanding a thousand fair appearances, every man
living was, at the bottom, wholly selfish, and truly miserable."
I should not wonder, if every rational Deist were of the same
mind. Nayv, they must, if consistent with themselves. For it
is sure, all men are both miserable and selfish, whatever show
they may make, who have not faith ; even that evidence of
things not seen," the very being whereof they question.
Thur. 15.-I preached at Bath; and setting out at three
the next morning, in the evening came to Blewbury.
In riding, I read Dr. H.'s "Lectures on the First Chapters
of St. Matthew." Are they not more strange than true?
Here are the first elements of the Gospel of the Mystics!
But is this the Gospel of Christ ?
I preached in the evening, on Rom. i. 16, "I am not
ashamed of the Gospel of Christ: For it is the power of God
unto salvation to every one that believeth;" and, setting out
early in the morning, Saturday, 17, in the evening came to
Mon. 19.-I saw an amazing instance of distress. A sensible
young woman, (no Methodist,) constantly attendingher church,
had all her life long believed herself to be a right good Chris-
tian. And in this persuasion she continued during a violent
fever, till the Physician told her brother, she must die; on which
she cried out, "So my brother and you are going to heaven,
and I am going to hell." Her brother said, from that hour she
was in the agony of despair, saying she was in hell already, she
felt the flames; the devil had her soul and body, and was now
tearing her in pieces. If she swallowed any thing, she cried out
she was swallowing fire and brimstone; and for twelve days she
took nothing at all; for above twenty, nothing but water. She
had no sleep, day or night; but lay cursing and blaspheming,
tearing her clothes, and whatever she could reach, in pieces.
The sins which lay heaviest upon her were, the having no
knowledge or love of God; the not believing in Christ, and yet
having persuaded herself and others, that she was a good
Christian. She was quieter from the time we prayed with her
first, and left off cursing and blaspheming. In a few days after
she began to drink a little tea, though still remaining in settled
despair; but afterwards God turned her heaviness into joy.
Fri. 23.-I made over the houses in Bristol and Kingswood,
and the next week, that at Newcastle, to seven Trustees,
reserving only to my brother and myself the liberty of
preaching and lodging there.
Fri. 30.-I light upon a poor, pretty, fluttering thing, lately
come from Ireland, and going to be a singer at the play-house.
She went in the evening to the chapel, and thence to the
watch-night, and was almost persuaded to be a Christian.
Her convictions continued strong for a few days; but then
her old acquaintance found her, and we saw her no more.
Sat. JUNE 7.-I asked Richard Langman and his wife,
how they recovered from their German delusion. She said,
"None could ever have delivered us from them but themselves;
for there is no fence against their soft words. But one or two
of their sermons opened our eyes ; particularly one, wherein
the Preacher was describing, how the Virgin 'fed the dear
little Lamb with pap;' and how, 'when he grew bigger, she
might send him of an errand, perhaps for a porringer of milk,
which if he happened to let fall, he might work a miracle to
mend the porringer.'" They were not then able to digest
these things; but now they never turn their stomach at all.
In the afternoon, an old friend (now with the Moravians)
laboured much to convince me, that I could not continue in the
Church of England, because I could not implicitly submit to
her determinations; "for this," he said, "was essentially
necessary to the continuing in any Church." Not to the
continuing in any, but that of the Brethren; if it were, I
could be a member of no church under heaven. For 1 must
still insist on the right of private judgment. I dare call no
man Rabbi. I cannot yield either implicit faith or obedience
to any man or number of men under heaven.
Fri. 13.-I was desired to visit a poor sinner, who had just
made his fortune on board a privateer, and was preparing to
enjoy it, when he was summoned of God, to arise and go hence.
I found God had shown him terrible things, and had afterwards
cut the work short in his soul. For he already knew in whom
he had believed, and a few days after slept in peace.
Mon. 16.-I had an hour's conversation with Mr. Simpson,
(not the same with him above-mentioned,) a man of a clear
head and a loving heart. But, O the abyss of the providence
of God I saw him some time after in a fever. Before this
intermitted, the bark was poured in upon him. He was cured
REV. J. WESLEY'S
of his fever, and deprived of his senses; and has been confined
ever since. Is it not the Methodists who have driven this
man also distracted?
Sat. 28.-I inquired more particularly of Mrs. Nowens,
concerning her little son. She said, he appeared to have a
continual fear of God, and an awful sense of his presence;
that he frequently went to prayers by himself, and prayed for
his father, and many others by name; that he had an
exceeding great tenderness of conscience, being sensible of the
least sin, and crying and refusing to be comforted, when he
thought he had in any thing displeased God; that a few
days since, he broke out into prayer aloud, and then said,
"Mamma, I shall go to heaven soon, and be with the little
angels. And you will go there too, and my papa; but you
will not go so soon:" That the day before, he went to a
little girl in the house and said, Polly, you and I must go
to prayers. Don't mind your doll: Kneel down now: I must
go to prayers: God bids me." When the Holy Ghost teaches,
is there any delay in learning ? This child was then just three
years old A year or two after he died in peace.
Wed. JULY 2.-I received the following letter from that
amiable man who is now with God:-
"Northampton, July 29, 1746.
"REV. AND DEAR SIR,
"I AM truly glad that the long letter I last sent you
was agreeable to you. I bless God that my prejudices against
the writers of the Establishment were so early removed and
conquered. And I greatly rejoice when I see in those whom,
upon other accounts, I must highly esteem as the excellent
of the earth, that their prejudices against their brethren of any
denomination are likewise subsided, and that we are coming
nearer to the harmony in which I hope we shall ever be one
in Christ Jesus.
"I have always esteemed it to be the truest act of friendship
to use our mutual endeavours to render the character of each
other as blameless and as valuable as possible. And I have
never felt a more affectionate senseofmyobligations, than when
those worthy persons who have honoured me with their affection
and correspondence, have freely told me what they thought
amiss in my temper and conduct. This, therefore, dear Sir,
is an office which you might reasonably expect from me, if I
had for some time enjoyed an intimate knowledge of you. But
it has always been a maxim with me, not to believe any flying
story, to the prejudice of those whom I had apparent reason,
from what I knew of them, to esteem. And consequently, as
I should never make this a foundation, you must be contented
to wait longer, before you will be likely to receive that office
of fraternal love which you ask from,
Rev. and dear Sir,
Your obliged and affectionate brother and servant,
"Your caution has suggested a thought to me, whether it
be modest to call ourselves humble. If the expression means,
a real readiness to serve in love, in any thing low, as washing
the feet of another, I hope I can say, I am your humble
servant;' but if it means one who is in all respects as humble
as he could wish, God forbid I should arrogate so proud a
title. In what can I say, I have already attained? Only I
love my divine Master, and I would not have a thought in
my heart that he should disapprove. I feel a sweetness in
being assuredly in his gracious hand, which all the world
cannot possibly afford, and which, I really think, would make
me happier in a dark dungeon, than ten thousand worlds
could make me without it. And therefore I love every
creature on earth that bears his image. And I do not except
those who, through ignorance, rashness, or prejudice, have
greatly injured me."
Sun. 6.-After talking largely with both the men and
women Leaders, we agreed it would prevent great expense,
as well of health as of time and of money, if the poorer people
of our society could be persuaded to leave off drinking of tea.
We resolved ourselves to begin and set the example. I
expected some difficulty in breaking off a custom of six-and-
twenty years' standing. And, accordingly, the three first days,
my head ached, more or less, all day long, and I was half
asleep from morning to night. The third day, on Wednesday,
in the afternoon, my memory failed, almost entirely. In the
evening I sought my remedy in prayer. On Thursday
morning my head-ache was gone. My memory was as strong
as ever. And I have found no inconvenience, but a sensibl-
benefit in several respects, from that very day to this.
Thur. 17.-I finished the little collection which I had made
among my friends for a lending-stock: It did not amount to
thirty pounds; which a few persons afterwards made up fifty.
VOL. II. C
REV. J. WESLEY'S
And by this inconsiderable sum, above two-hundred and fifty
persons were relieved in one year.
Mon. 21.-I set out for Salisbury, where, to my utter
amazement, on Wednesday, 23, Mr. Hall desired me to
preach. Was his motive only, to grace his own cause? Or
rather, was this the last gasp of expiring love?
I did not reach Bristol till Friday, 25. On Sunday, 27, I
preached at Baptist-Mills, to the largest congregation I had
seen at that place, since I was there with Mr. Whitefield.
About this time I received a melancholy letter from abroad;
part of which I have subjoined:-
Meerkerk, in Holland, July 29, 1746.
"I HAVE for some years endeavoured to keep a conscience
void of offence, toward God and toward man. And for above
two years I have known that God, for Christ's sake, had for-
given me all my sins. I lived in the full assurance of faith,
which made me rejoice in all states. Wet or weary, cold or
hungry, I could rejoice. And faith and love did increase so
fast, that it was my soul's delight to do good to them that hated
me, to bless them that cursed me, and to call all those that were
in a perishing condition, to accept of life and salvation. But,
O! 'how are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war
perished!' April 6, 1746, I was overcome by a great
temptation: It came as quick as lightning. I know not if I
was well in my senses; but I fell. I rose the same moment,
and called upon my offended God; and so I have done ever
since. But, notwithstanding, his Spirit has departed from me.
I have wounded my conscience exceedingly. I am fallen into
the spirit of bondage and fear; and I often cry out,
Who shall tell me, if the strife
In heaven or hell shall end ?"
Mon. AUGUST 4.-I received a letter from Yorkshire, part
of which was in these words:-
"ON Wednesday, July 16, I called on good old Mr.
Clayton. He was exceeding weak, and seemed like one that
had not long to continue here. I called again on Monday,
21, and found him very ill. He told me no one else should
have been admitted; that he had much to say to me to tell
you; and desired me to send his kind respects to you, and
wished you prosperity in your pious undertakings. Finding
he was not able to talk much, I took my leave, not thinking
it would be the last time. But when I returned into these
parts on Saturday last, I found he died that morning between
two and three. On Monday last I went to his burial, and I
was unexpectedly made mourner for my good old friend. I
followed his corpse to the ground, where I saw it solemnly
interred. Many of his parishioners dropped tears, he having
been a father to the poor. He died very poor, though he had
an estate of forty pounds a year, and a living of near three
hundred, of which he has been Rector three-and-forty years."
Wed. 6.-I preached at Oak-Hill. How is this ? I have
not known so many persons earnestly mourning after God,
of any society of this size in England, and so unblamable
in their behaviour: And yet not one person has found a
sense of the pardoning love of God, from the first preaching
here to this day !
When I mentioned this to the society, there was such a
mourning, as one would believe should pierce the clouds.
My voice was quickly drowned. We continued crying to God
with many loud and bitter cries, till I was constrained to break
away between four and five, and take horse for Shcpton.
Here the good Curate (I was informed) had hired a silly
man, with a few other drunken champions, to make a disturb-
ance. Almost as soon as I began, they began screaming out
a psalm; but our singing quickly swallowed up theirs. Soon
after, their orator named a text, and (as they termed it)
preached a sermon; his attendants mean time being busy (not
in hearing him, but) in throwing stones and dirt at our
brethren; those of them, I mean, who were obliged to stand
at the door. When I had done preaching, I would have
gone out to them; it being my rule, confirmed by long
experience, always to look a mob in the face: But our people
took me up, whether I would or no, and carried me into the
house. The rabble melted away in a quarter of an hour, and
we walked home in peace.
Thur. 7.-That venerable old man, Mr. Tindal, called upon
me once more. How strange is it, to find one of fourscore
and ten, as humble and teachable as a little child !
Sun. 10.-In the evening, having determined to spend a
little time in Wales, I rode to S. Crocker's, to be ready for the
first passage in the morning. On Monday, 11, we came to
the water-side, at half an hour after five; but we did not pass
till near twelve, and then rode on to Abergavenny. Mr.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Phillips afterwards met us on the road, and brought us to a
friend's house between nine and ten.
Tues. 12.-I preached at Maesmennys church, and in the
afternoon at Builth church-yard. The greatest part of the
town was present there, as usual; and God gave us the usual
Wed. 13.-I preached at Lanzufried. As soon as we came
out of the church, a poor woman met us, whom Satan had
bound in an uncommon manner for several years. She
followed us to the house where our horses were, weeping, and
rejoicing, and praising God. Two Clergymen were there,
besides me, and the house was full of people: But she could
not refrain from declaring before them all, what God had
done for her soul. And the words which came from the heart,
went to the heart. I scarce ever heard such a Preacher
before. All were in tears round about her, high and low;
for there was no resisting the spirit by which she spoke.
The odd account she gave of herself was this: (Concerning
which let every one judge as he pleases:) That near seven
years since she affronted one of her neighbours, who thereupon
went to Francis Morgan, (a man famous in those parts,) and
gave him fourteen shillings to do his worst to her; that the
next night, as soon as she was in bed, there was a sudden storm
of thunder, lightning, and rain, in the midst of which she felt
all her flesh shudder, and knew the devil was close to her;
that at the same time a horse she had in the stable below,
which used to be as quiet as a lamb, leaped to and fro, and
core in such a manner, that she was forced to rise and turn
him out; that a tree which grew at the end of the house,
was torn up by the roots; that from thenceforth she had no
rest day or night, being not only in fear and horror of mind,
but in the utmost torment of body, feeling as if her flesh was
tearing off with burning pincers; that till this day, she had
never had any respite or ease; but now she knew God had
delivered her, and she believed he would still deliver her
body and soul, and bruise Satan under her feet.
At three in the afternoon I preached at Builth, designing to
go from thence to Carmarthen; but notice having been given,
by a mistake, of my preaching at Leominster, in Herefordshire,
I altered my design; and going to Lanzufried that night, the
next day rode to Leominster.
At six in the evening, I began preaching on a tombstone,
close to the south side of the church. The multitude roared
on every side; but my voice soon prevailed, and more and
more of the people were melted down, till they began ringing
the bells; but neither thus did they gain their point, for my
voice prevailed still. Then the organs began to play amain.
Mr. C., the Curate, went into the church and endeavoured
to stop them; but in vain. So I thought it best to remove to
the corn-market. The whole congregation followed, to whom
many more were joined, who would not have come to the
church-yard. Here we had a quiet time; and I showed what
that sect is, which is "every where spoken against." I
walked with a large train to our inn; but none, that I heard,
gave us one ill word. A Quaker followed me in, and told
me, "I was much displeased with thee, because of thy last
'Appeal;' but my displeasure is gone: I heard thee speak,
and my heart clave to thee."
Fri. 15.-I preached at five to a large company of willing
hearers. We breakfasted with a lovely old woman, worn
out with sickness and pain, but full of faith and love, and
breathing nothing but prayer and thanksgiving.
About ten we came to Kington, three hours' ride (which
they call eight miles) from Leominster. I preached at one
end of the town. The congregation divided itself into two
parts. One half stood near, the other part remained a little
way off, and loured defiance; but the bridle from above was
in their mouth; so they made no disturbance at all.
At four we had another kind of congregation at Maesmennys;
many who had drank largely of the grace of God. I examined
them, "Do ye now believe?" And the word was as a two-
edged sword. After taking a sweet leave of this loving people,
we rode with honest John Price, of Mertha, to his house.
We had four hours' rain in the morning; but a fair, mild
afternoon; in the close of which we came to Cardiff.
Sun. 17.-I preached at Wenvo church, morning and after-
noon; at five in the evening, in the Castle-yard at Cardiff, to
the far largest congregation which I had ever seen in Wales.
All stood uncovered and attentive; and, I trust, few went
Mon. 18.-I rode with Mr. Hodges to Neath. Here I found
twelve young men, whom I could almost envy. They lived
together in one house, and continually gave away whatever they
earned above the necessaries of life. Most of them (they told
REV. J. WESLEY'S
me) were Predestinarians, but so little bigoted to their opinion,
that they would not suffer a Predestinarian to preach among
them, unless he would lay all controversy aside. And on these
terms they gladly received those of the opposite opinion.
The multitude of people obliged me to preach in the street,
on, "Repent ye, and believe the Gospel." One man would
fain have interrupted, and had procured a drunken fiddler for
his second; but finding none to join them, they were ashamed;
so the gentleman stole away on one side, and the fiddler on
Tues. 19.-I preached again at five. Whatever prejudice
remained, now vanished away as a dream ; and our souls took
acquaintance with each other, as having all drank into one
About ten I preached in my return at Margum, on, "By
grace are ye saved, through faith." There being many present
who did not well understand English, one repeated to them in
Welsh the substance of what I had said. At one we came to
Bridge-End, where I preached on a small Green, not far from
the church, on, Jesus Christ, made of God unto us wisdom,.
righteousness, sanctification, and redemption." It being the
time of the yearly revel, we had many strangers from all parts;
but none behaved unseemly; none opened his mouth; for the
fear of God was amongst them. In the evening I preached at
Fonmon Castle, on the fruits of the Spirit. I concluded the
day with the little society there, rejoicing and praising God.
Wed. 20.-I preached near Wilton, a little town about a
mile from Cowbridge; and, on Thursday, at Lanmais, four
miles from Fonmon, to a people of a simple, loving, childlike
Fri. 22.-I returned to Cardiff, and spoke plain to those who
were wise in their own eyes. This, however, was a matter of
joy: They were willing to receive reproof. Otherwise I should
have feared that, with regard to them, I had laboured in vain.
Sat. 23.-Returning to Bristol, I found poor C. G. there,
proclaiming open war. He had preached at S G- 's once
or twice; but I believe had done neither good nor harm. I
invited him to lodge at our house; but he did not choose it.
O poor head, and honest heart!
Fri. 29.-I talked largely with S-- F- and took
from her the following account:-
On Saturday, July 15, 1743, S- T- then about
Aug. 1746.] JOURNAL. 23
ten years and three quarters old, waked in perfect health. She
had never had any fits of any kind, nor any considerable sick-
ness. About six in the morning she was rising, and inwardly
praying to God; when, on a sudden, she was seized with a
violent trembling. Quickly after she lost her speech; in a
few minutes her hearing; then her sight; and, at the same
time, all sense and motion.
Her mother immediately sent for Mrs. Designe, to whom she
then went to school. At the same time her father sent for
Mr. Smith, Apothecary, who lived near. At first he proposed
bleeding her immediately, and applying a large blister; but
upon examining her farther, he said, "It signifies nothing,
for the child is dead."
About twelve o'clock she began to stir; then she opened
her eyes, and gave the following account:-
"As soon as I lost my senses, I was in a dismal place, full
of briers, and pits, and ditches; stumbling up and down, and
not knowing where to turn, or which way to get either forward
or backward; and it was almost quite dark, there being but a
little faint twilight, so that I could scarce see before me. I
was crying, ready to break my heart; and a man came to me,
and said, 'Child, where are you going?' I said, I could not
tell. He said, 'What do you want?' I answered, 'I want
Christ to be my refuge.' He said, 'What is your name?'
And I told him: But I did not tell him S- T- I
told him a name which I never heard before. He said,
'You are the child for whom I am sent: You are to go
with me.' I saw it grew lighter as he spoke. We walked
together, till we came to a stile. He went over, and bid me
stay a little. I stayed about half a quarter of an hour, and
then I observed his clothes. They reached down to his feet,
and were shining, and white as snow.
"Then he came back, and kneeled down and prayed. You
never heard such a prayer in your life. Afterward he said,
'Come with me.' I went over the stile, and it was quite light.
He brought me through a narrow lane, into a vast broad road,
and told me, 'This leads to hell; but be not afraid; you are
not to stay there.' At the end of that road a man stood, clothed
like the other, in white, shining clothes, which reached down to
the ground. None could pass in or out, without his knowledge;
but he had not the key. The man that was with me carried
the key, and unlocked the door, and we went in together.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
"For a little way we walked straight forward; then, turn-
ing to the left hand, we went down a very high, steep hill. I
could scarce bear the stench and smoke of brimstone. I saw
a vast many people, that seemed to be chained down, crying
and gnashing their teeth. The man told me, the sins they
delighted in once, they are tormented with now. I saw a
vast number who stood up cursing and blaspheming God, and
spitting at each other: And many were making balls of fire,
and throwing them at one another. I saw many others, who
had cups of fire, out of which they were drinking down flames:
And others, who held cards of fire in their hands, and seemed
to be playing with them.
"We stayed here, I thought, about half an hour. Then
my guide said,' Come; I will show you now a glorious place.'
I walked with him, till we came into a narrow road, in which
we could hardly walk abreast. This brought us into a great
broad place; and I saw the gate of heaven, which stood wide
open; but it was so bright, I could not look at it long. We
went straight in, and walked through a large place, where I
saw saints and angels; and through another large place where
were abundance more. They were all of one height and
stature; and when one prayed, they all prayed; when one
sung, they all sung. And they all sung alike, with a smooth,
even voice, not one higher or lower than another.
We went through this into a third place. There I saw God
sitting upon his throne. It was a throne of light, brighter than
the sun. I could not fix my eyes upon it. I saw three, but
all as one. Our Saviour held a pen in his hand. A great book
lay at his right side; another at his left; and a third partly
behind him. In the first he set down the prayers and good
works of his people; in the second he set down all the curses,
and all the evil works of the wicked. I saw that He discerns the
whole earth at a glance; and He discerns the whole heavens.
At once He beholds earth and heaven with one look.
"Then our Lord took the first book in his hand, and went
and said, 'Father, behold the prayers and the works of my
people.' And He held up his hands, and prayed, and inter-
ceded to his Father for us. I never heard any voice like that;
but I cannot tell how to explain it. And his Father said,
'Son, I forgive thy people; not for their sake, but thine.'
Then our Lord wrote it down in the third book, and returned
to his throne, rejoicing with the host of heaven.
Aug. 1746.] JOURNAL. 25
"It seemed to me, as if I stayed here several months; but
I never slept all the while. And there was no night: And I
saw no sky or sun, but clear light every where.
"Then we went back to a large door, which my guide
opened; and we walked into pleasant gardens, by brooks and
fountains. As we walked, I said I did not see my brother here.
(Who died some time before.) He said, 'Child, thou canst
not know thy brother yet, because thy breath remains in thy
body. Thy spirit is to return to the earth. Thou must
watch and pray; and when thy breath leaves thy body, thou
shalt come again hither, and be joined to these, and know
every one as before.' I said,'When is that to be ?' He said,
'I know not, nor any angel in heaven; but God alone.'
"Then he took me into another pleasant garden, where
were all manner of fruits. He told me, 'This garden bears
fruit always.' Here I saw a glorious place, which had large
gold letters writ over the door. He bid me read; and I read,
This is a fountain for sin and uncleanness for my people.
At what time soever they will return, they shall be cleansed
from all their idols.' The door stood open, and I looked in,
and I saw, as it were, a great cistern full of water, white as
milk. We seemed to walk up and down in this garden for
some weeks, and he told me what every thing meant. I never
wanted to eat or drink, nor felt any weariness.
"While we were walking, he said, Sing.' I said, 'What
shall I sing ?' And he said, Sing praises unto the King of the
place.' I sung several verses. Then he said, 'I must go.'
I would have fain gone with him; but he said, 'Your time
is not yet: You have more work to do upon the earth.'
Immediately he was gone; and I came to myself, and began
Her mother told me farther, As soon as ever she recovered
her speech, she gave me just the same account; adding, 'I
have learned the finest hymn you ever heard in your life.' She
then sang three verses, the most solid, awful words which I
have ever heard. She continued speaking many awful words,
with many sighs and tears, till, about three in the afternoon,
she fell into a slumber, which continued till seven. She then
sooke the same things to Mrs. Designe; after which she was
silent, till about five in the morning.
She received remission of sins when she was nine years
old, and was very watchful from that time. Since this trance
REV. J. WESLEY'S
she has continued in faith and love, but has been very sickly
and weak in body."
Mon. SEPTEMBER 1.-I rode with T. Butts to Middlesey,
and preached to a small earnest congregation. We set out
early in the morning, and were thoroughly wet by noon. In
the evening we reached Sticklepath.
Wed. 3.-About one we came to Plymouth. After dinner
I walked down to Herbert Jenkins, and with him to the
Dock. In the way we overtook Mr. Mignon, then a pattern
to all that believed. Herbert preached a plain, honest
sermon; but the congregation was greatly displeased; and
many went away as soon as he began, having come on purpose
to hear me.
Thur. 4.-Abundance of people from Plymouth were at
the room by half-hour after four. I was much refreshed in
applying those words to them, "The God of hope fill you
with all joy and peace in believing;" and many of us found
our hearts knit together in that love which never faileth.
As many as the room could well contain followed me to
Mr. Hide's, and importuned me much to call again, in my
return from Cornwall. We dined at Looe, (a town near half
as large as Islington, which sends only four Burgesses to the
Parliament,) called at Grampound in the afternoon, and just
at seven reached Gwennap. The congregation waiting, I
began without delay, and found no faintness or weariness,
while I expounded, "We all, with open face beholding as
in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same
image from glory to glory, as by the Spirit of the Lord."
Fri. 5.-I inquired concerning John Trembath's late
illness. It was a second relapse into the spotted fever; in
the height of which they gave him sack, cold milk, and
apples, plums, as much as he could swallow. I can see no
way to account for his recovery, but that he had not then
finished his work. In the evening I preached at St. Ives.
Sat. 6.-I rode to Trewellard, in the parish of St. Just.
I found no society in Cornwall so lively as this: Yet a few
of them I was obliged to reprove for negligence in meeting,
which is always the forerunner of greater evils.
I preached in the eveningin the Green-Court, which was well
filled with earnest hearers. I thought the house would have
contained the congregation at five, (Sunday, 7,) but it would
not. At eight I preached to a large congregation at Morva,
and rode on to Zennor before the Church Service began. As
soon as it was ended, I began near the church-yard (and surely
never was it more wanted) to expound, Whom ye ignorantly
worship, him declare I unto you." I preached at St. Ives
about five, to a more understanding people, on, "Thou art
not far from the kingdom of God."
On Monday, 8, I wrote the following letter to Mr.-- :-
"MY DEAR BROTHER,
"ON Tuesday last I light upon a letter of yours in
Devonshire, which I understand has been a great traveller.
I think it is the part of brotherly love to mention to you
some points therein, wherein I doubt whether you are not a
little mistaken: If I mistake, you will set me right. You say,
"'1. First, as to stillness: The thing meant hereby is,
that man cannot attain to salvation by his own wisdom,
strength, righteousness, goodness, merits, or works; that
therefore, when he applies to God for it, he is to cast away all
dependence upon everything of his own, and trusting only
to the mercy of God, through the merits of Christ, in true
poverty of spirit, to resign himself up to the will of God,
and thus quietly wait for his salvation.' I conceive this to
be the first mistake. I have nothing to object to this stillness.
I never did oppose this in word or deed. But this is not
'the thing meant thereby,' either by Molther, or the
Moravians, or the English Brethren, at the time that I (and
you, at Mr. Bowers's) opposed them.
"' 2. That the Brethren teach, that people who are seeking
after salvation, are all the while to sit still and do nothing,-
that they are not to read, hear, or pray,-is altogether false.'
This I apprehend to be a second mistake. Whatever the
Brethren do now, they did teach thus, and that explicitly, in
the years 1739 and 1740. In particular, Mr. Brown, Mr.
Bowers, Mr. Bell, Mr. Bray, and Mr. Simpson, then with the
Moravians. Many of their words I heard with my own ears:
Many more I received from those who did so. And Mr.
Molther himself, on December 31, 1739, said to me, in
many and plain words, that the way to attain faith is, to be
still; that is,
'Not to use (what we term) the means of grace;
'Not to go to church;
"'Not to communicate;
Not to fast;
REV. J. VWFSLEY'S
"'Not to use so much private prayer;
"'Not to read the Scriptures;
'Not to do temporal good, and
"' Not to attempt to do spiritual good.'
"These things I myself heard him speak; as I am ready to
give upon oath whenever required. You ought not, therefore,
to say, This is altogether false,' on the bare denial of MIr.
Molther or any other.
"'3. Some of Fetter-lane society, when the difference broke
out, spoke and acted very imprudently. But then to lay the
blame on the Moravian Church, as if it were their fault, is quite
wrong.' I think so too; and have said so in my answer to Mr.
Church, published some time before you sent your letter. If,
therefore, you imagine that I lay the blame on the Moravian
Church, you are under a mistake here also; or if you think I
'lay the fault of one man upon a whole community.'
'4. As to the English that really were to blame, they
confessed their faults, and asked Mr. W.'s pardon. And
some of them, if I mistake not, did it with tears.' I really
think you do mistake again. I remember no such thing.
Fifty persons, and more, spoke bitter things concerning me.
One or two asked my pardon for so doing, but in so slight
and cursory a manner, that I do not so much as know who
were the men; neither the time or place where it was done;
so far were they from doing it with tears, or with any solemnity
or earnestness at all. As for the rest, if they were ever
convinced or ashamed at all, it is a secret to me to this day.
'5. Therefore to publish things which ought to have been
buried in eternal oblivion, is what I do not like.' This whole
matter of asking pardon you seem to mistake, as Count Z. did
before. I wish you would consider the answer I gave him:-
SThey asked my pardon for using me ill. I replied, that was
superfluous: I was not angry with them; but I was afraid
of two things: 1. That there was error in their doctrine.
2. That there was sin (allowed) in their practice.' This was
then, and is at this day, the one question between them and
me. Now, this cannot be buried in oblivion. That error
and sin have spread too far already; and it was my part, after
private reproof had been tried again and again to no purpose,
to give public warning thereof to all the world, that, if
possible, they might spread no farther.
'6. Mr. W. is partial throughout his Journal.' I want to
know the particular instances. 'In what be mentions of me,
he does not represent our conversation rightly.' Then it is
the fault of my memory. But be so kind as to point out the
particulars that are not rightly represented. 'He has done
the cause of our Saviour more mischief, than any one else could
have done.' Tell me how? unless you mean the Antinomian
cause, by the cause of our Saviour. 'I have several times
gone to Mr. W. to explain matters, and to desire him to be
reconciled.' Several times! When, and where ? You surprise
me much Either my memory or yours fails strangely. 'In
truth, it is he that has stood out.' Alas, my brother What
an assertion is this ? Did not I come three years ago (before
that Journal was published) in all haste, from Newcastle-upon-
Tyne, and my brother, in five days, from the Land's-End, to a
supposed conference in London ? Was this standing out ?
But with what effect? Why, Mr. Spangenberg had just left
London. None besides had any power to confer with us. And
to cut us off from any such expectation, James Hutton said,
they had orders, not to confer at all, unless the Archbishop
of Canterbury, or the Bishop of London, were present.
"There cannot be under heaven a greater mistake than
this, that I ever did stand out, or that I do so now. There
has not been one day for these seven years last past, wherein
my soul has not longed for union. And they have grossly
abused your honest credulity, whoever have made you believe
"'7. Since Mr. Wesleys have published such stuff and
inconsistencies, I cannot agree with them.' My brother,
make some of those inconsistencies appear, and it will be an
act of solid friendship. But, 'time will manifest matters,
and what is of God will stand, and what is of man will come
to nought.' Most true; and according to this sure rule,
it has already appeared, whose work is of God; both at
Bradford, at Horton, and in several towns not far from your
"8. The account you give of the Moravians in general, is
the very same I had given before; viz., That next to those of
our own Church, who have the faith and love which is among
them, without those errors either of judgment or practice, the
body of the Moravian Church, however mistaken some of them
are, are in the main, of all whom I have seen, the best Chris-
tians in the world.' In the same tract I sum up my latest
REV. J. WESLEY'S
judgment concerning them in these terms : I believe they love
the Lord Jesus in sincerity, and have a measure of the mind
that was in him. And I am in great earnest when I declare
once more, that I have a deep, abiding conviction, by how
many degrees the good which is among them over-balances
the evil,* and that I cannot speak of them but with tender
affection, were it only for the benefits I have received from
them ; and that at this hour, I desire union with them (were
those stumbling-blocks once put away, which have hitherto
made that desire ineffectual) above all things under heaven.'
"9. In what respects the Brethren are Antinomians, in what
sense they lean to Quietism, I have spoken at large. If they
can refute the charge, I shall rejoice more than if I had gained
My brother, I heartily wish both you and them the
genuine open Gospel simplicity; that you may always use that
artless plainness of speech in which you once excelled; and
that, by manifestation of the truth, you may commend yourself
to every man's conscience in the sight of God. I am,
"Your affectionate brother,
Tues. 9.-I preached at Crowan. The night came upon us
while I was speaking; but none offered to go away. Wednes-
day, 10. I preached at Porkellis, in Wendron, to many more
than the house could contain. W-- T- of Sithney, rode
with me to Gwennap, a constant companion of Mr. N- 's, so
long as he would join with him in riot and drunkenness. But
with his drunkenness ended Mr. N- 's friendship.
When he heard that one John O- n, a thinner, was preach-
ing, he went on purpose to make sport. But the word of God
struck him to the earth. Yet he struggled in the toils ; some-
times wanting to go again; sometimes resolving never to go
any more. But one day, calling at his sister's, he took up a
little girl, (about four years old,) and said, "They tell me
you can sing hymns. Come, sing me an hymn." She began
Miy soul, don't delay,
Christ calls thee away:
Rise! Follow thy Saviour, and bless the glad day!
I speak of the simple and artless part of their congregations. As for the
Teachers in their Church, it is my solemn belief, (I speak it with grief and
reluctance,) that they are no better than a kind of Protestant Jesuits.
No mortal doth know
What he can bestow:
What peace, love, and comfort:-Go after him, go!
He started up at once, and went to the preaching. And the
same night he found peace to his soul.
Thur. 11.-E- T- (W- T--'s sister) rode with
me to Camborne. When she heard her brother was perverted,
she went over to Sithney, on purpose to reclaim him. But
finding neither fair words, nor hard names, nor oaths, nor curses,
nor blows could prevail, she went away, renouncing him and all
that belonged to him, and fully resolved to see him no more.
Six weeks after she met him at Redruth, and desired him to
step into an house. When they were sat down, she burst into
tears, and said, Brother, follow those men, in God's name.
And send me word when any of them preaches in your house,
and I will come and hear him."
He asked, "How is this ? How came you to be so changed?"
She replied, "A fortnight ago, I dreamed, a man stood by
me, and said, 'Do not speak evil of these men; for they are
the servants of God.' I said, 'What, are you one of them ? I
defy you all. I will keep to my church.' He said, 'And when
you are at church, how are your thoughts employed ? or even
at the Lord's table ?' And he went on, telling me all that was
in my heart; and every word went through me; and I looked
up, and saw him very bright and glorious; and I knew it was
our Saviour; and I fell down at his feet; and then I waked."
The week after she went to Sithney, where Mr. Mi-- was
preaching, and saying, "Is there any of you that has shut your
doors against the messengers of God ? How, if our Lord shut
the door of mercy against you ?" She cried out, "It is I,"
and dropped down. Nor had she any rest till God made her
a witness of the faith which once she persecuted.
Sat. 13.-I took my leave of our brethren of St. Ives, and
between one and two in the afternoon began preaching before
Mr. Probis's house, at Bray, on the promise which is given to
them that believe. Many were there who had been vehement
opposers; but from this time they opposed no more.
At six I preached at Sithney. Before-I had done, the night
came on; but the moon shone bright upon us. I intended, after
preaching, to meet the society; but it was hardly practicable;
the poor people so eagerly crowding in upon us : So I met them
all together, and exhorted them not to leave their first love.
REV. J. WESLEY's
Sun. 14.-For the sake of thosewho came fromfar, I delayed
preaching till eight o'clock. Many of Helstone were there, and
most of those who in time past had signalized themselves by
making riots. But the fear of God was upon them; they all
stood uncovered, and calmly attended from the beginning to
About one I began preaching near Porkellis to a much larger
congregation; and, about half an hour after four, at Gwennap,
to an immense multitude of people, on, "To me to live is
Christ, and to die is gain." I was at first afraid my voice
would not reach them all; but without cause, for it was so
strengthened, that I believe thousands more might have heard
every word. In the close of my sermon, I read them the
account of Thomas Hitchens's death ; and the hearts of many
burned within them, so that they could not conceal their desire
to go to him, and to be with Christ. At six we took horse;
and about nine (having bright moonshine) reached St. Columb.
Mon. 15.-A guide, meeting us at Camelford, conducted us
to St. Mary Week. Mr. Bennet overtook us on the road, and
Mr. Thompson came in soon after; having lost his way, and so
picked up Mr. Meyrick and Butts, who were wandering they
knew not where. It was the time of the yearly revel, which
obliged me to speak very plain. Thence we rode to Laneast,
where was a much larger congregation, and ofquite another spirit.
Tues. 16.-I rode to Plymouth-Dock, and preached in the
evening, and the next morning at five. A little after ten I
began preaching in a meadow near Tavistock. In the after-
noon we called at Sticklepath; and, about nine at night, came
weary enough to Exeter.
Thur. 18.-About one I preached at Beercrocomb. About
five we reached Bridgewater. We expected much tumult here,
the great vulgar stirring up the small. But we were disap-
pointed. The very week before our coming, the Grand Jury
had found the bill against the rioters, who had so often assaulted
Mary Lockyer's house. This, and the awe of God, which fell
upon them, kept the whole congregation quiet and serious.
Before I preached, my strength was quite exhausted, and I
was exceeding feverish through mere fatigue. But in riding
to Middlesey I revived; and in the morning, Friday, 19, I rose
quite well: "My strength will I ascribe unto thee."
After a long morning's ride we came to Mr. Star's at Way-
wick. Mr. S., a neighboring gentleman, who not long since
Oct. 1746.] JOURNAL. 33
hired a mob to make a disturbance, coming in, Mrs. Star
detained him till the time of preaching. He seemed struck
much more than the congregation. In the evening we came
Mon. 22.-At eleven I preached at Paulton; about two at
Oakhill; and in the evening at Coleford.
'Tes. 23.-I went on to Rood, where the mob threatened
loud. I determined, however, to look them in the face; and
at twelve I cried, to the largest congregation by far which I
had ever seen in these parts, Seek ye the Lord while he may
be found; call ye upon him while he is near." The despisers
stood as men astonished, and neither spoke nor stirred till I
had concluded my sermon.
Between five and six I preached at Bearfield; the next
evening at Blewberry. While I was afterwards meeting the
society, one grievous backslider, who had been for some time
as in the belly of hell, was struck to the earth, and roared
aloud. He ceased not till God restored the pearl he had lost.
-Does not our God "abundantly pardon?"
Thur. 25.-I came to Wycombe. It being the day on
which the Mayor was chosen, abundance of rabble, full of
strong drink, came to the preaching on purpose to disturb.
But they soon fell out among themselves; so that I finished
my sermon in tolerable quiet.
Fri. 26.-Mr. B. went to the Mayor, and said, "Sir, I come
to inform against a common swearer. I believe he swore an
hundred oaths last night; but I marked down only twenty."
"Sir," said the Mayor, "you do very right in bringing him to
justice. What is his name?" He replied, "R D- ."
"R- D- !" answered the Mayor; "why, that is my
son '"-"Yes, Sir," said Mr. B., "so I understand."-" Nay,
Sir," said he, "I have nothing to say in his defence. If he
breaks the law, he must take what follows."
Sat. OCTOBER 4.-My brother and I took up our cross,
and talked largely with Mr. G. But he still insisted, 1. That
there was no repentance at all, antecedent to saving faith:
2. That naked faith alone was the only condition of everlasting
salvation: And, 3. That no works, need be preached at all,
neither were necessary either before or after faith.
We took horse at nine, and soon after one came to Sevenoaks.
After refreshing ourselves a little, we went to an open place
near the Free-School, where I declared, to a large, wild com-
VOL. II. D
REV. J. WESLEY'S
pany, "There is no difference; for all have sinned, and come
short of the glory of God." They grew calmer and calmer till
I had done, and then went quietly away. As we returned, a
poor Shimei came to meet us, bitterly cursing and blaspheming.
But we walked straight on, and even his companions, the
mob, neither laughed nor opened their mouth.
Sun. 5.-I preached in the church at Shoreham, morning
and afternoon. The congregation seemed to understand just
nothing of the matter. But God can give them understanding
in his time.
Thur. 9.-The day of Public Thanksgiving for the victory
at Culloden was to us a day of solemn joy.
Sat. 11.-I had the pleasure of spending an hour with Mr.
P. He said, "I. rejoiced greatly when the Count came over,
hoping now I should understand the truth of the matter; and
I went to hear him, full of expectation. His text was, 'Neither
do I condemn thee.' He began, 'The Saviour says, I came
not to destroy the Law: But the fact is contrary; for he does
destroy it. It is plain, the Law condemned this woman, but
the Saviour does not condemn her. Again, the Law commands
to keep the Sabbath holy; but the Saviour did not keep it holy.
Nay, God himself does not keep the Law. For the Law says,
Put away all lying. But God said, Nineveh shall be destroyed;
yet Nineveh was not destroyed.' The whole sermon was of
the same thread. I understood him well, and do not desire
to hear him any more."
Sat. 25.-I buried the body of George Adams, a child about
twelve years old. He is the first of the children brought up at
our school, whom God has called to himself. From the time
God manifested his love to him, he was eminently of a meek
and quiet spirit. And as he lived, so he died in sweet peace.
Sat. NOVEMBER 1.-I dined at J- E- 's. Is not
this a brand plucked out of the burning? Has there been
one in our memory that so signalized himself as an enemy to
all serious, inward religion? But it is past. He was going out
on pleasure as usual; his foot slipped, and, as he was falling,
a thought came, "What if, instead of falling to the earth,
thou hadst now died 'and fallen into hell?" He heard and
acknowledged the voice of God, and began to seek his face.
Wed. 12.-In the evening, at the chapel, my teeth pained
me much. In coming home, Mr. Spear gave me an account of
the rupture he had had for some years, which, after the most
eminent Physicians had declared it incurable, was perfectly
cured in a moment. I prayed with submission to the will ot
God. My pain ceased, and returned no more.
Sun. 16.-I was desired to pray with one in despair. I
had never seen her before, but soon found she was a sensible
woman, and well acquainted with the theory of religion; yet
when I spoke to her some of the principles of Christianity,
she cried out, as if she had never heard them before, Hear !
He says, I may be saved! He says, God loves me! Christ
died for me! And that I may live with him in heaven! 0
then, what is this world? What is life, what is pain? I do
not care for it. Let me die; let me suffer any thing here, so
I may but live with Christ in heaven."
About this time I received a remarkable account from
Grimsby, in Lincolnshire:-
William Blow, John Melton, and Thomas Wilkinson, were
going, on Friday last, in a boat on the sea near Grimsby. John
Melton could swim exceeding well, but William Blow not at
all. When they were about half a league from the shore, they
were both beat overboard. John Melton sunk to the bottom
like a stone. William Blow sunk and rose several times, and
was in the water near a quarter of an hour before Thomas
Wilkinson could get near him. At last he saw his hand above
the water. He then struck down his boat-hook at a venture,
and caught him by the flap of his coat, and pulled him to the
boat-side. He was quite sensible, and said, 'Tommy, I am
afraid you can't get me in.'-'Nay, then,' said Thomas, 'we
will sink together, for I will not let thee go.' At last he did
get him in, and brought him safe to land.
"We asked, how he could keep in the water so long, and
not be drowned: He said, God gave him that thought, to keep
his mouth shut, and when he was almost choked, he gave a
spring up, and got a little breath. I asked him, how he felt
himself when he was under water; if he was not afraid of
death? He answered, No; his soul was lifted up unto the
Lord, and he freely resigned himself into his hands."
I received, likewise, from several of our brethren abroad, an
account of the deliverance God had lately wrought for them:-
"REv. SIR, Bush of Brabant.
"I HAVE long had a desire to write, but had not an
opportunity till we came to our winter-quarters. When we came
over, we thought we should have had brother Haime with us, as
REV. J. WESLEY'S
formerly; but we were disappointed. We were about three
weeks upon our march, and endured a great deal through the
heat of the weather, and for want of water. At Villear camp,
we lay so near the enemy, and were forced to mount so many
guards, that we had hardly any time to ourselves, nor had
John Haime time to meet with us. We left this camp in
twelve or fourteen days' time, and wherever we marched, we
had the French always in our view; only a few days, when
we were marching through woods, and over high mountains.
Coming back to Maestricht, at some camps we have lain so
near the enemy, that their sentries and ours have taken snuff
with one another; having then no orders to fire at or hurt
each other. But the day we came off, we found it otherwise;
for at eleven o'clock the night before, orders came for us to be
ready to turn out an hour before day, which was the 30th of
September. At day-break, orders came to our regiment, and
Colonel Graham's, to advance about a mile and a half toward
the French. We were placed in a little park, and Graham's
regiment in another, to the right of us. We lay open to the
French; only we cut down the hedge breast-high, and filled
it up with loose earth. Thus we waited for the enemy several
hours, who came first with their right wing upon the Dutch,
that were upon our left. They engaged in our sight, and
fired briskly upon each other, cannon and small shot for two
hours. Then the Dutch, being overpowered, gave way, and
the French advanced upon us, and marched a party over the
ditch, on the left of Graham's, and fell in upon them; notwith-
standing our continual firing, both with our small-arms and four
pieces of cannon. So when the French had got past us, our
regiment retreated, or we should have been surrounded. In
our retreat, we faced about twice, and fired on the enemy, and
so came off with little loss; though they fired after us with
large cannon-shot; I believe four-and-twenty pounders.
"We lost one brother of Graham's regiment, and tWo of
ours,-Andrew Paxton, shot dead in our retreat, and Mark
Bend, who was wounded, and left on the field. The Lord
gave us all on that day an extraordinary courage, and a word
to speak to our comrades, as we advanced toward the enemy,
to tell them how happy they were that had made their peace
with God. We likewise spoke to one another while the cannon
were firing, and we could all rely on God, and resign ourselves
to his will.
A few of us meet here twice a day; and, thanks be to God,
his grace is still sufficient for us. We desire all our brethren to
praise God on our behalf. And we desire all your prayers,
that the Lord may give us to be steadfast, unmoveable, always
abounding in the work of the Lord. I remain
"Your loving brother,
"October 17. S. S."
Nearly the same account we received a few days before, in
a letter from the camp near Maestricht. Part of this ran as
"EVER since the 22d of July, our army and the French
have lain so close, and marched so close together, that we have
expected them to come upon us almost every night, and have
had, for many nights, strict orders not to take off our accoutr,
ments, but to be ready to turn out at a minute's warning. And
almost every day, some of our out-guards have had skirmishes
with them. On September 29, at night, Prince Charles had
intelligence, that they designed to fall upon us with all their
force. So we had orders to be ready, and at break of day our
regiment and Graham's.were ordered to march in the front of
the army, with two Hessian, two Hanoverian, and a part of the
Dutch. We marched a mile forward into little parks and
orchards, a village being between us and our army: In this pos-
ture we remained about three hours, while their right wing
was engaged with the Dutch, the cannon playing everywhere
all this time. But we were all endued with strength and
courage from God, so that the fear of death was taken away
from us. And when the French came upon us, and over-
powered us, we were troubled at our regiment's giving way,
and would have stood our ground, and called to the rest of the
regiment, to stop and face the enemy, but to no purpose. In
the retreat we were broke; yet after we had retreated about a
mile, we rallied twice, and fired again. When we came where
we thought the army was, they were all gone. So we marched
good part of the night; and the next day, about four o'clock,
we came to this camp. We left our brother Mark Bend in
the field; whether he be alive or dead we cannot tell; but the
last of our brothers that spoke to him, after he was wounded,
found him quite resigned to the will of God. We that he
has spared a little longer, desire you to return thanks to God
for all his mercies to us."
REV. MR. JOHN WESLEY'S JOURNAL.
FROM NOVEMBER 25, 1746, TO JULY 20, 1749.
FROM NOVEMBER 25, 1746, TO JULY 20, 1749
Tuesday, NovEMBER 25, 1746.-I laboured much to con-
vince one who had known me for several years, that she had
"left her first love," and was in the utmost danger of losing
the things which she had wrought; but she was proof against
argument as well as persuasion, and very civilly renounced all
fellowship with me, because, she said, I was disaffected to the
Government. O what will not those either believe or assert,
who are resolved to defend a desperate cause I
Sun. 30.-John Jones (late a zealous Calvinist) preached
for the first time at the Foundery. I trust he will never rest,
till He who "died for all" hath "cleansed him from all
Thur. DECEMBER 4.-I mentioned to the society my design
of giving physic to the poor. About thirty came the next day,
and in three weeks about three hundred. This we continued
for several years, till, the number of patients still increasing,
the expense was greater than we could bear: Meantime,
through the blessing of God, many who had been ill for
months or years, were restored to perfect health.
Mon. 8.-This week I read the Collection of Tracts pub-
lished by Mr. John Fresenius, one of the Ministers at Frank-
fort, concerning Count Zinzendorf and his people, commonly
called Moravians. He writes both like a gentleman and a
Christian; with mildness, good-nature, and good manners and
yet with all plainness of speech, so as to place their pride,
guile, and various errors, in the clearest and strongest light.
Mon. 15.-Most of this week I spent at Lewishamin writing
"Lessons for Children;" consisting of the most practical
scriptures, with a very few, short, explanatory notes.
Sat. 20.-I had a visit from Mr. Bland, an accurate master
of the Hebrew tongue; but how exceeding far from the
judgment of Mr. Hutchinson He avers, (and thinks he has
demonstrated, in a tract on that head lately published,) that
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both the vowel and accent points are absolutely essential to
the Hebrew language; and that they are far elder than Ezra,
yea, coeval with the giving of the Law on Mount Sinai.
Thursday, 25, was a day of great consolation.
Mon. 29.-I resumed my vegetable diet, (which I had
now discontinued for several years,) and found it of use both
to my soul and body; but after two years, a violent flux
which seized me in Ireland obliged me to return to the use
of animal food.
Wed. 31.-I heard an amazing instance of the providence
of God. About six years ago, Mr. Jebner (as he related it
himself) and all his family, being eight persons, were in
bed, between ten and eleven at night. On a sudden he heard
a great crack, and the house instantly fell, all at once, from
the top to the bottom. They were all buried in the ruins.
Abundance of people gathered together, and in two or three
hours dug them out. The beds in which they had lain were
mashed in pieces, as was all the furniture of the house; but
neither man, woman, nor child was killed or hurt. Only he
had a little scratch on his hand.
Sat. JANUARY 3, 1747.-I called upon poor Mr. C., who
once largely "tasted of the good word, and the powers of the
world to come." I found him very loving, and very drunk;
as he commonly is, day and night. But I could fix nothing
upon him. "He may fall foully, but not finally!"
Sun. 11.-In the evening I rode to Brentford; the next day
to Newbury; and, Tuesday, 13, to the Devizes. The town
was in an uproar from end to end, as if the French were just
entering; and abundance of swelling words we heard, oaths,
curses, and threatening. The most active man in stirring up
the people, we were informed, was Mr. J., the C. He had
been indefatigable in the work, going all the day from house
to house. He had also been at the pains of setting up an
advertisement in the most public places of the town of "An
Obnubilative, Pantomime Entertainment, to be exhibited at
Mr. Clark's;" (where I was to preach;) the latter part of it
contained a kind of double entendre, which a modest person
cannot well repeat. I began preaching at seven, on "the
grace of our Lord Jesus Christ." Many of the mob came in,
listened a little, and stood still. No one opened his mouth,
but attention sat on the face of every hearer.
Wed. 14.-I rode on to Bristol, and spent a week in great
peace. Thursday, 22. About half-hour after twelve I took
horse for Wick, where I had appointed to preach at three.
I was riding by the wall through St. Nicholas-gate (my horse
having been brought to the house where I dined) just as a
cart turned short from St. Nicholas-street, and came swiftly
down the hill. There was just room to pass between the
wheel of it and the wall; but that space was taken up by
the carman. I called to him to go back, or I must ride over
him; but the man, as if deaf, walked straight forward. This
obliged me to hold back my horse. In the mean time the
shaft of the cart came full against his shoulder with such a
shock as beat him to the ground. He shot me forward over
his head as an arrow out of a bow, where I lay, with my
arms and legs, I know not how, stretched out in a line close
to the wall. The wheel ran by, close to my side, but only
dirted my clothes. I found no flutter of spirit, but the same
composure as if I had been sitting in my study. When the
cart was gone, I rose. Abundance of people gathered round,
till a gentleman desired me to step into his shop. After
cleaning myself a little, I took horse again, and was at Wick
by the time appointed.
I returned to Bristol (where the report of my being killed
had spread far and wide) time enough to praise God in the
great congregation, and to preach on, Thou, Lord, shalt save
both man and beast." My shoulders, and hands, and side,
and both my legs, were a little bruised; my knees something
more; my right thigh the most, which made it a little difficult
to me to walk; but some warm treacle took away all the pain
in an hour, and the lameness in a day or two.
After visiting the little societies in Somersetshire and Wilt-
shire, on Thursday, 29, I preached at Bearfield in my way,
and thence rode on to the Devizes. I found much pains had
been taken again to raise a mob; but it was lost labour;
all that could be mustered were a few straggling soldiers,
and forty or fifty boys. Notwithstanding these, I preached in
great peace, on, "All have sinned, and come short of the
glory of God." In the morning, Friday, 30, I explained
and applied, "He health them that are broken in heart."
We then took horse, in the midst of a quiet civil multitude,
and the next afternoon came to London.
Mon.FEBRUAlY 2.-I began examining the classes. Having
desired the Leaders, such as had leisure, to give me a short
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account, in writing, of those under their care, among many
others, I received the following note:-
I HOPE my class are bending one way. K. T., A. G.,
A. S., M. S., M. R., E. L., and S. S., seem to retain their
confidence in the Lord. W. R., L. R., S. R., H. B., I. B.,
the elder, and A. B., seem to be shut up in a fog, and are
not able to get out on any side.' They are very dead, and yet
very sore. Nothing seems to do them any good, unless it
be smooth as oil, and yet sharp as a razor.
M. S., M. Q., E. E., E. B., M. H., F. B., M. S., J. B.,
and J. B., the younger, seem to be in earnest, seeking the
Lord. J. T., M. H., appear to have a desire, and to be widely
"It seems to me, we all want advice that is plain and
cutting, awakening and shaking, and hastening us, like that
of the angel, 'Escape for thy life: Look not behind thee;
neither tarry thou in all the plain.' I find the Lord often
waking me as with thunder. Yet I find a spirit of stillness
and lukewarmness to cleave to me like the skin of my flesh.
The Lord shows me at times how insensibly it steals upon
me; and makes me tremble, because I have not been fearing
always. May He give us to feel the true state of our souls!
Which, I hope, will ever be the prayer of
"Your unworthy son in the Gospel,
Ye who loved and profited by this man of God, when he
was alive, hear what, "being dead," he "yet speaketh."
Tues. 10.-My brother returned from the north, and I
prepared to supply his place there. Sunday, 15. I was very
weak and faint; but on Monday, 16, I rose soon after three,
lively and strong, and found all my complaints were fled away
like a dream.
I was wondering, the day before, at the mildness of the
weather; such as seldom attends me in my journeys. But my
wonder now ceased: The wind was turned full north, and blew
so exceeding hard and keen, that when we came to Hatfield,
neither my companions nor I had much use of our hands or
feet. After resting an hour, we bore up again, through the
wind and snow, which drove full in our faces. But this was
only a squall. In Baldock-field the storm began in earnest.
The large hail drove so vehemently in our faces, that we
could not see, nor hardly breathe. However, before two
o'clock we reached Baldock, where one met and conducted us
safe to Potten.
About six I preached to a serious congregation. Tuesday,
17. We set out as soon as it was well light; but it was really
hard work to get forward; for the frost would not well bear or
break: And the untracked snow covering all the roads, we
had much ado to keep our horses on their feet. Meantime the
wind rose higher and higher, till it was ready to overturn
both man and beast. However, after a short bait at Bugden,
we pushed on, and were met in the middle of an open field
with so violent a storm of rain and hail, as we had not had
before. It drove through our coats, great and small, boots and
every thing, and yet froze as it fell, even upon our eye-brows;
so that we had scarce either strength or motion left, when we
came into our inn at Stilton.
We now gave up our hopes of reaching Grantham, the
snow falling faster and faster. However, we took the advantage
of a fair blast to set out, and made the best of our way to
Stamford-Heath. But here a new difficulty arose, from the
snow lying in large drifts. Sometimes horse and man were well
nigh swallowed up. Yet in less than an hour we were brought
safe to Stamford. Being willing to get as far as we could, we
made but a short stop here; and about sunset came, cold
and weary, yet well, to a little town called Brig-Casterton.
Wed. 18.-Our servant came up and said, "Sir, there is
no travelling to-day. Such a quantity of snow has fallen in
the night, that the roads are quite filled up." I told him,
"At least we can walk twenty miles a day, with our horses in
our hands." So in the name of God we set out. The north-
east wind was piercing as a sword, and had driven the snow
into such uneven heaps, that the main road was unpassable.
However, we kept on, a-foot or on horseback, till we came to
the White Lion at Grantham.
Some from Grimsby had appointed to meet us here; but not
hearing any thing of them, (for they were at another house, by
mistake,) after an hour's rest, we set out straight for Epworth.
On the road we overtook a Clergyman and his servant; but
the tooth-ache quite shut my mouth. We reached Newark
about five. Soon after we were set down, another Clergyman
came and inquired for our fellow-traveller. It was not long
before we engaged in close conversation. He told me, some
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of our Preachers had frequently preached in his parish; and
his judgment was, 1. That their preaching at Hunslet had
done some good, but more harm. Because, 2. Those who
attended it had only turned from one wickedness to another;
they had only exchanged Sabbath-breaking, swearing, or
drunkenness, for slandering, backbiting, and evil-speaking;
and, 3. Those who did not attend it were provoked hereby to
return evil for evil: So that the former were, in effect, no
better; the latter worse than before.
The same objection (in substance) has been made in most
other parts of England. It therefore deserves a serious
answer, which will equally hold in all places. Whether
then we speak of Hunslet, Leeds, Bristol, or London, it is
allowed, 1. That our preaching has done some good; common
swearers, Sabbath-breakers, drunkards, thieves, fornicators,
having been reclaimed from those outward sins. But it is
affirmed, 2. That it has done more harm; the persons so
reclaimed only changing one wickedness for another; and
their neighbours being so provoked thereby, as to become
worse than they were before.
Those who have left their outward sins," you affirm, "have
only changed drunkenness or Sabbath-breaking, for backbiting
and evil-speaking." I answer, If you affirm this of them all,
it is notoriously false. Many we can name who left cursing,
swearing, and backbiting, drunkenness and evil-speaking, all
together; and who are to this day just as fearful of slandering,
as they are of cursing or swearing. And if some are not yet
enough aware of this snare of the devil, we may hope they will
he ere long. Meantime, see that you bless God for what He
has done; and pray that He would deliver them from this
You affirm, farther, that "their neighbours are provoked
hereby to return evil for evil; and so, while the former are no
better, the latter are worse, than they were before."
I answer, 1. These are worse than they were before: But
why? Because they do fresh "despite to the Spirit of grace;"
because they despise that long-suffering love of God, which
would lead them (as it does their neighbours) to repentance.
And in laying the blame of this on those who will no longer
run with them to the same excess of riot, they only fulfil the
Scriptures, and fill up the measure of their own iniquity.
I answer, 2. There is still no proportion at all between the
good on the one hand, and the harm on the other: For they
who reject the goodness of God were servants of the devil
before, and they are but servants of the devil still. But they
who accept it, are brought from the power of Satan to serve
the living and true God.
Tlur. 19.-The frost was not so sharp, so that we had little
difficulty till we came to Haxey-Car; but here the ice which
covered the dykes, and great part of the Common, would not
bear, nor readily break; nor did we know (there being no track
of man or beast) what parts of the dykes were fordable.
However, we committed ourselves to God, and went on. We
hit all our fords exactly; and, without any fall, or considerable
hinderance, came to Epworth in two hours, full as well as
when we left London.
Sun. 22.-I preached at five and at eight in the Room;
after Evening Prayers, at the cross. I suppose most of the
grown people in the town were present. A poor drunkard
made a noise for some time, till Mr. Maw (the chief gentleman
of the town) took him in hand and quieted him at once.
Mon. 23.-Leaving Mr. Meyrick here, I set out with Mr.
Larwood and a friend from Grimsby. At two I preached at
Laseby in the way, to a quiet and serious congregation. We
reached Grimsby by five, and spoke to as many of the society as
could conveniently come at that time. About seven Iwould have
preached to a very large audience, but a young gentleman, with
his companions, quite drowned my voice, till a poor woman took
up the cause, and, by reciting a few passages of his life, wittily
and keenly enough, turned the laugh of all his companions full
upon him. He could not stand it; but hastened away. When
he was gone, I went on with little interruption.
Tues. 24.-I wrote a few lines to Mr. C., giving him an
account of his kinsman's behaviour. He obliged him to come
straight to me and ask my pardon. Since that time we have
had no disturbance at Grimsby.
At noon I examined the little society at Tetney. I have not
seen such another in England. In the class-paper (which gives
an account of the contribution for the poor) I observed one
gave eight-pence, often ten-pence, a week; another thirteen,
fifteen, or eighteen-pence; another, sometimes one, sometimes
two shillings. I asked Micah Elmoor, the Leader, (an Israelite
indeed, who now rests from his labour,) How is this ? Are
you the richest society in all England?" He answered, "I
REV. J. WESLEY'S
suppose not: But all of us who are single persons have
agreed together, to give both ourselves and all we have to
God: And we do it gladly; whereby we are able, from time
to time, to entertain all the strangers that come to Tetney;
who often have no food to eat, nor any friend to give them a
We came to Hainton soon after sun-set. I never before
saw so large a congregation here. I declared to them all,
(Protestants and Papists,) "the grace of our Lord Jesus
Christ;" and they seemed to be, indeed, (as Homer says,)
E7rea 7rrepoevra, "winged words," that flew as arrows from
the hand of the Most High, to the heart of every hearer.
Wed. 25.-I had designed to go straight for Epworth, but
W. Fenwick begged I would call on the little flock at Tealby.
Mr. B., (he said,) the Minister of the place, had preached
against them with the utmost bitterness, had repelled them
from the Lord's table, and zealously endeavoured to stir up the
whole town against them. I called there about seven, and
began to talk with two or three that were in the house where
we alighted. Presently the house was full from end to end.
I stood up and declared, "By grace are ye saved through
faith." Even at Hainton I did not find such a blessing as
here. Surely this day was the Scripture fulfilled, "If ye be
reproached for the sake of Christ, happy are ye: For the
Spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you."
About two in the afternoon I preached at Ferry, and in the
evening at Epworth. Thursday, 26. I left them all in peace
and love, and rode to Sykehouse, where William Shent met
me, and one from Acomb. I preached at three and at seven;
and we were not a little coinforted.
Fri. 27.-Honest muddy M. B. conducted me to his house
at Acomb. I now found out (which I could not comprehend
before) what was the matter with him. He, and one or two
more, since I saw them last, had been studying the profound
Jacob Behmen. The event was, (as might easily have been
foreseen,) he had utterly confounded their intellects, and filled
them so full of sublime speculations that they had left
Scripture and common sense far behind.
I preached, at seven, on, Repent ye, and believe the Gos-
pel." The congregation, many of whom came from York, was
surprisingly quiet. Though I used the utmost plainness of
speech, several of York came again at five in the morning.
After preaching, I spoke with a few who were desirous to join
heart and hand together in seeking the kingdom of God.
Sat. 28.-I called at Shipton, on Mr. C., the Minister of
Acomb, who had desired to see me; and, after half an hour
both agreeably and usefully spent, rode on to Thirsk.
Here I rejoiced with T. Brooke and his wife, lights shining
in a dark place. God has lately added to them a third; one
formerly famous for all manner of wickedness, who was cut to
the heart while Mr. Brooke was talking to him, and went down
to his house justified. This had struck the whole town; so that
when I went down, about five, to preach in a vacant house, it
was quickly filled within and without, the Justice being one
of the congregation. In the morning, about six, I preached
again to a congregation more numerous than before; nor did
any man open his mouth, either at the time of preaching, or
while I walked through the town; unless it were to bid me
God-speed, or to inquire when I would come again.
Sun. MARCH 1.-I came to Osmotherley about ten o'clock,
just as the Minister (who lives some miles off) came into town.
I sent my service to him, and told him, if he pleased, I would
assist him, either by reading Prayers or preaching. On receiv-
ing the message, he came to me immediately; and said, he would
willingly accept of my assistance. As we walked to church he
said, "Perhaps it would fatigue you too much, to read Prayers
and preach too." I told him, no; I would choose it, if he
pleased; which I did accordingly. After service was ended,
Mr. D. said, Sir, I am sorry I have not an house here to
entertain you. Pray let me know whenever you come this way."
Several asking, where I would preach in the afternoon, one
went to Mr. D. again, and asked, if he was willing I should
preach in the church. He said, "Yes, whenever Mr. Wesley
pleases." We had a large congregation at three o'clock. Those
who in time past had been the most bitter gainsayers, seemed
now to be melted into love. All were convinced we are no
Papists. How wisely does God order all things in their season !
Mon. 2.-I rode to Newcastle. The next day, I met the
Stewards, men who have approved themselves in all things.
They are of one heart and of one mind. I found all in the
house of the same spirit; pouring out their souls to God many
times in a day together, and breathing nothing but love and
Wed. 4.-(Being Ash-Wednesday.) I spent some hours in
REV. J. WESLEY'S
reading "The Exhortations of Ephrem Syrus." Surely never
did any man, since David, give us such a picture of a broken
and contrite heart.
This week I read over with some young men a Compendium
of Rhetoric, and a System of Ethics. I see not, why a man
of tolerable understanding may not learn in six months' time
more of solid philosophy than is commonly learned at Oxford
in four (perhaps seven) years.
Sun. 8.-I preached at Gateshead, and declared the loving-
kindness of the Lord. In the evening, observing abundance
of strangers at the Room, I changed my voice, and applied
those terrible words, I have overthrown some of you as I
overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and the rest of you were
as brands plucked out of the burning; yet have ye not turned
unto me, saith the Lord."
On Monday, Tuesday, and Thursday, I examined the
classes. I had been often told, it was impossible for me to
distinguish the precious from the vile, without the miraculous
discernment of spirits. But I now saw, more clearly than
ever, that this might be done, and without much difficulty,
supposing only two things: First, Courage and steadiness in
the examiner. Secondly, Common sense and common honesty
in the Leader of each class. I visit, for instance, the class in
the Close, of which Robert Peacock is Leader. I ask, Does
this and this person in your class live in drunkenness or any
outward sin ? Does he go to church, and use the other means
of grace? Does he meet you as often as he has opportunity?"
Now, if Robert Peacock has common sense, he can answer
these questions truly; and if he has common honesty, he will.
And if not, some other in the class has both, and can and will
answer for him. Where is the difficulty then of finding out
if there be any disorderly walker in this class, and, consequently,
in any other? The question is not concerning the heart, but
the life. And the general tenor of this, I do not say cannot
be known, but cannot be hid without a miracle.
Where then is the need of any miraculous discernment in
order to purge one of those societies ? Nay, where is the use
of it ? For if I had that discernment, I am to pass sentence
only ex allegatis et probatis ;* not according to what I miracu-
lously discern, but according to what is proved in the face of
From things alleged and proved.-EDIT.
The society, which the first year consisted of above eight
hundred members, is now reduced to four hundred. But,
according to the old proverb, the half is more than the whole.
We shall not be ashamed of any of these, when we speak with
our enemies in the gate.
Fri. 13.-I found Mr. P. and I. almost discouraged at the
doctrine of absolute and connotative nouns. I wonder any one
has patience to learn Logic, but those who do it on a principle
of conscience; unless he learns it as three in four of the young
gentlemen in the Universities do: That is, goes about it and
about it, without understanding one word of the matter.
In some of the following days I snatched a few hours to
read "The History of the Puritans." I stand in amaze:
First, at the execrable spirit of persecution, which drove those
venerable men out of the Church, and with which Queen
Elizabeth's Clergy were as deeply tinctured as ever Queen
Mary's were. Secondly, at the weakness of those holy
Confessors, many of whom spent so much of their time and
strength in disputing about surplices and hoods, or kneeling
at the Lord's Supper.
Thur. 19.-I considered, "What would I do now, if I
was sure I had but two days to live?" All outward things are
settled to my wish; the Houses at Bristol, Kingswood, and
Newcastle are safe; the deeds whereby they are conveyed to
the Trustees took place on the 5th instant; my Will is made;
what have I more to do, but to commend my soul to my
merciful and faithful Creator?
Some days I spent in every week, in examining the societies
round Newcastle. And great cause I found to rejoice over
Tues. 24.-I rode to Blanchland, about twenty miles from
Newcastle. The rough mountains round about were still white
with snow. In the midst of them is a small winding valley,
through which the Derwent runs. On the edge of this the
little town stands, which is indeed little more than a heap
of ruins. There seems to have been a large cathedral church,
by the vast walls which still remain. I stood in the church-
yard, under one side of the building, upon a large tomb-stone,
round which, while I was at prayers, all the congregation
kneeled down on the grass. They were gathered out of the
lead-mines from all parts; many from Allandale, six miles off.
A row of little children sat under the opposite wall, all quiet
VOL. II. E
REV. J. WESLEY'S
and still. The whole congregation drank in every word with
such earnestness in their looks, I could not but hope that
God will make this wilderness sing for joy.
In the evening I came back to Newlands, where also John
Brown has gathered a society. O, what may not a man of
small natural talents do, if he be full of faith and love!
Sun. 29.-After preaching at South-Biddick, at five, I
hastened to Sunderland, where I preached at eight, and again
at two, in the main street, to a Kennington-Common congre-
gation. I admire the spirit of this people. From the first day
I preached here to this hour, I have not seen a man behave
indecently. Those who did not approve, quietly went away.
Mon. 30.-I had leisure to reflect on the strange case of
Francis Coxon, who was at first the grand support of the society
at Biddick. But after a time he grew weary of well-doing;
complaining that it took up too much of his time. He then
began to search after curious knowledge, and to converse with
those who were like-minded. The world observed it, and
courted his company again. Now he was not so precise; his
school was filled with children; money flowed in, and he said,
Soul, take thy ease for many years." He came to Newcastle
with John Reah the Saturday after I came; but had no
leisure to call upon me. At night they set out homeward.
He was walking a little before his companion, about three
miles from Newcastle, in a way he knew as well as his own
house-floor, when John heard him fall, and asked, "What
is the matter?" He answered, "God has overtaken me: I
am fallen into the quarry, and have broke my leg." John ran
to some houses that were near, and, having procured help,
carried him thither. Thence he was removed to another house,
and a Surgeon sent for, who came immediately. He soon
recovered his spirits, and asked how long it would be, before
he could be in his school again. And on Sunday, Monday,
and Tuesday, was full of the world, nor was God in all his
thoughts. On Wednesday, the Surgeon told him honestly, he
thought he could not live. Then he awoke out of sleep.
The snares of death came about him, the pains of hell over-
took him. He continued all Thursday and Friday in the
lowest pit, in a place of darkness and in the deep; warning all
to beware of drawing back unto perdition, and calling upon
God with strong cries and tears. On Sunday he found a
little dawning of hope; this gradually increased all the day.
On Monday, he knew God had healed his backsliding, and
sorrow and sighing fled away. He continued all day in
fervent prayer, mingled with praise and strong thanksgiving.
"This night," said he, "will be a glorious night to me; my
warfare is accomplished; my sin is pardoned." Then he
broke out again into vehement prayer. About eight he left
off speaking; and soon after, without any struggle or groan,
gave up his soul to God.
Wed. APRIL 1.-I rode to Winlinton-Mills, a place famous
above many, and called the rebels to lay down their arms, and
be reconciled to God through his Son. I saw neither old nor
young that behaved amiss; for the dread of the Lord was
Sun. 5.-We set out early, and about eight went out into
the market-place at Hexham. A multitude of people soon ran
together, the greater part mad as colts untamed. Many had
promised to do mighty things. But the bridle was in their
teeth. I cried aloud, "Let the wicked forsake his way, and
the unrighteous man his thoughts." They felt the sharpness
of the two-edged sword, and sunk into seriousness on every
side: Insomuch that I heard not one unkind or uncivil word,
till we left them standing, and staring one at another. At
one I preached at Horsley; and about five in the evening at
Mon. 6.-Having been informed, there were many large
collieries three or four miles north or north-west from Durham,
I rode to a village called Renton, in the midst of them, and
proclaimed, "The Lord God, gracious and merciful."
Abundance of people gave earnest heed to every word which
was spoken; kneeled down when I prayed, sung (after their
manner) when I sung, and crowded into the house where I
went in; crying out, one and all, "A, they were only too
long a-coming! Why did they not come sooner?"
Tues. 7.-Finding the people about Dent's Hole were grown
dead and cold, I preached there at twelve o'clock; if haply it
might please God yet again to breathe on the dry bones, that
they might live.
Wed. 8.-I found the congregation at Blanchland abun-
dantly increased. I preached in the evening at Spen, and the
next day, at noon, to a serious congregation at Winlinton-
Mills : A gentleman who had talked of making a disturbance,
finding not one man to second him.
REV. J. WESLEYVS
Fri. 10.-Having settled all the societies in the country, I
began examining that of Newcastle again. It was my
particular concern, to remove, if possible, every hinderance
of brotherly love. And one odd one I found creeping in upon
us, which had already occasioned much evil: Namely, a fancy
that we must not justify ourselves. (Some of the spawn of
Mystic Divinity.) Just contrary to the scriptural injunction,
" Be ready to give a reason of the hope that is in you." For
want of doing this in time, some offences were now growL
incurable. I found it needful, therefore, to tear up this by
the roots; to explain this duty from the foundation; and to
require all who desired to remain with us to justify themselves,
whenever they were blamed unjustly; and not to swallow up
both peace and love in their voluntary humility.
Sat. 11.-I preached at Biddick at noon; at Pictery, (two
miles west of Biddick,) by Mr. M.'s invitation, in the afternoon;
and in the evening at Newcastle.
Sun. 12.-I preached at Gateshead in the morning; at
Swalwell about two; and at the Room in the evening. I
scarce ever heard so fine a defence of a weak cause, as was Mr.
S.'s sermon in the morning; wherein he laboured much to
prove the unlawfulness of laymen's preaching; but with such
tenderness and good nature, that I almost wish the sermon
were printed, for a pattern to all polemical writers.
April 19.-(Being Easter-day.) I preached in Gateshead
for the last time; afterwards at Swalwell, and at Newcastle in
the evening. I could gladly have spent six weeks more in
these parts; but my time being now expired, I preached my
farewell sermon at five. On Monday, 20, a great part of the
congregation (which filled the room) were some of the finest
people I had ever seen there. Surely God is working a new
thing in the earth. Even to the rich is the Gospel preached!
And there are, of these also, who have ears to hear, and
hearts to receive the truth as it is in Jesus.
About nine I preached to a large congregation at Renton,
and before six reached Osmotherley.. Finding Mr. D. (as I
expected) had been vehemently attacked by the neighboring
Clergy and Gentry, that he might be exposed to no farther
difficulty on my account, I did not claim his promise, but
preached on a tomb-stone near the church, on, "The Lord
is risen indeed." How wisely does God order all things!
Some will not hear even the word of God out of a church:
For the sake of these we are often permitted to preach in a
church. Others will not hear it in a church: For their sakes
we are often compelled to preach in the highways.
Here John Nelson met me. On Thursday, Friday, and
Saturday, he had preached at Acomb, and the neighboring
places: On Good-Friday, in particular, on Heworth-Moor, to
a large and quiet congregation. On Easter-Sunday, at eight,
he preached there again, to a large number of serious hearers.
Towards the close of his discourse a mob came from York,
hired and headed by some miscalledd) gentlemen. They stood
still, till an eminent Papist cried out, Why do not you knock
the dog's brains out?" On which they immediately began
throwing all that came to hand, so that the congregation was
quickly dispersed. John spoke a few words, and walked towards
York. They followed with showers of bricks and stones; one
of which struck him on the shoulder, one on the back, and, a
little before he came to the city, part of a brick hit him on
the back part of the head, and felled him to the ground.
When he came to himself, two of Acomb lifted him up, and
led him forward between them. The gentlemen followed,
throwing as before, till he came to the city-gate, near which
lived an honest tradesman, who took him by the arm, and
pulled him into his house. Some of the rioters swore they
would break all his windows, if he did not turn him out.
But he told them resolutely, "I will not; and let any of you
touch my house at your peril: I shall make you remember it
as long as you live." On this they thought good to retire.
After a Surgeon had dressed the wound in his head, John
went softly on to Acomb. About five he went out, in order to
preach, and began singing an hymn. Before it was ended,
the same gentlemen came in a coach from York, with a
numerous attendance. They threw clods and stones so fast
on every side, that the congregation soon dispersed. John
walked down into a little ground, not far from Thomas Slaton's
house. Two men quickly followed, one of whom swore
desperately he would have his life. And he seemed to be in
good earnest. He struck him several times, with all his force,
on the head and breast; and at length threw him down, and
stamped upon him, till he left him for dead. But, by the
mercy of God, being carried into an house, he soon came to
himself; and after a night's rest, was so recovered, that he
was able to ride to Osmotherley.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Tues. 21.-I called at Thirsk; but, finding the town full
of holiday folks, drinking, cursing, swearing, and cock-fighting,
I did not stop at all, but rode on to Borough-bridge, and in
the afternoon to Leeds.
Wed. 22.-I spent an hour with Mr. M., and pressed him to
make good his assertion, that our preaching had done more
harm than good. This he did not choose to pursue; but
enlarged on the harm it might occasion in succeeding genera-
tions. I cannot see the force of this argument. I dare not
neglect the doing certain, present good, for fear of some
probable ill consequences in the succeeding century.
Thur. 23.-I preached at Morley and Birstal; on Friday,
at Birstal and Leeds; on Saturday, at Oulton and Armley.
Sun. 26.-I met the Leeds society at five; preached at
seven, on, "The Spirit and the Bride say, Come;" and at
one, to an unwieldy multitude, several hundreds of whom soon
went away, it being impossible for them to hear. Such
another congregation I had at Birstal; yet here I believe my
voice reached all that were present.
Mon. 27.-I preached at Birstal, at Wibsey-Moor, and at
Bradford, and regulated the societies.
Tues. 28.-One of Pudsey would take no denial; so I
promised to preach there at eight o'clock. Coming before the
hour, we walked to the new House of the Germans. It stands
on the side of a hill, commanding all the vale beneath, and the
opposite hill. The front is exceeding grand, though plain,
being faced with fine, smooth, white stone. The Germans
suppose it will cost, by that time it is finished, about three
thousand pounds: It is well if it be not nearer ten. But that
is no concern to the English Brethren; for they are told, (and
potently believe,) that all the money will come from beyond
I preached at eight at the place appointed, and thence rode
to Dewsbury, where I was to preach at noon. But first I called
on the Minister, Mr. Robson; and in an acceptable time.
Abundance of little offences had arisen, and been carefully
magnified by those who sought such occasions. But we both
spoke our minds without reserve; and the snare was presently
After sermon, Mr. R. having sent a note to desire I
would call upon him again, I went and passed such an hour
as I have not had since I left London. We did not part
without tears. Who knows how great a work God can work
in a short time ?
Wed. 29.-I preached at Hightown at one; and at Birstal
in the evening.
Thur. 30.-I rode to Keighley. The ten persons I joined
here are increased to above an hundred. And above a third
of them can rejoice in God, and walk as becomes the Gospel.
Fri. MAY 1.-I read prayers and preached in Haworth
church to a numerous congregation. In the evening I preached
near Skircoat-Green, and baptized Eliz. K., late a Quaker.
Sat. 2.-I preached at Halifax, to a civil, senseless congre-
gation; at noon at Gildersome; and in the evening at Armley.
Sun. 3.-At one I preached to a vast congregation at
Hunslet; and, about five, to a still larger at Birstal, I preached
on, All things are ready; come to the marriage." And some,
I trust, were "compelled to come in."
Mon. 4.-At his earnest request, I began examining those
that are called W. D.'s societies. At three I preached at Great
Harding; in the evening at Roughlee, where there was a large
society. But since the men of smooth tongue broke in upon
them, they are every man afraid of his brother; half of them
ringing continually in the ears of the rest, No works, no
law, no bondage." However, we gathered above forty of the ,
scattered sheep, who are still minded to stand in the old paths.
Tues. 5.-I preached at Roughlee at five; about eleven at
Hinden, and about three at Widdap, a little village in the
midst of huge, barren mountains, where also there was a society.
But Mr. B. had effectually dispersed them, so that I found
but three members left.
We rode thence about five miles to Stonesey-gate, which lies
in afar more fruitful country. Here was a larger congregation
at six o'clock than I had seen since my leaving Birstal. They
filled both the yard and the road to a considerable distance;
and many were seated on a long wall adjoining, which, being
built of loose stones, in the middle of the sermon, all fell
down at once. I never saw, heard, nor read of such a thing
before. The whole wall, and the persons sitting upon it, sunk
down together, none of them screaming out, and very few
altering their posture: And not one was hurt at all; but
they appeared sitting at the bottom just as they sat at the
top. Nor was there any interruption either of my speaking,
or of the attention of the hearers.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
14'ed. 6.-I rode to Shore, four miles south from Stonesey,
lying about half way down an huge, steep mountain. Here
I preached at twelve to a loving, simple-hearted people. We
then climbed up to Todmorden-Edge, the brow of a long
chain of mountains, where I called a serious people to
"repent and believe the Gospel."
Thur. 7.-We left the mountains, and came down to the
fruitful valley of Rosendale. Here I preached to a large
congregation of wild men; but it pleased God to hold them
in chains. So that even when I had done, none offered any
rudeness, but all went quietly away.
We came to Manchester between one and two. I had no
thought' of preaching here, till I was informed, John Nelson
had given public notice, that I would preach at one o'clock. I
was now in a great strait. Their house would not contain
a tenth part of the people; and how the unbroken spirits of so
large a town would endure preaching in the street, I knew
not. Besides that, having rode a swift trot for several hours,
and in so sultry a day, I was both faint and weary. But after
considering, that I was not going a warfare at my own cost,
I walked straight to Salford-Cross. A numberless crowd
of people partly ran before, partly followed after me. I
thought it best not to sing, but, looking round, asked abruptly,
"Why do you look as if you had never seen me before?
Many of you have seen me in the neighboring church, both
preaching and administering the sacrament." I then began,
" Seek ye the Lord while he may be found, call upon him
while he is near." None interrupted at all, or made any
disturbance, till, as I was drawing to a conclusion, a big
man thrust in, with three or four more, and bade them bring
out the engine. Our friends desired me to remove into a
yard just by, which I did, and concluded in peace.
About six we reached Davy-Hulme, five miles from Man-
chester, where I was much refreshed both in preaching and
meeting the society. Their neighbours here used to disturb
them much; but a Justice of Peace, who feared God, granting
them a warrant for the chief of the rioters, from that time they
were in peace.
Fri. 8.-I preached at Oldfield-Brow to a much larger
congregation, though many of them had been hurt by
doubtful disputations. But they now began again to take
root downward and bear fruit upward.
In the evening I preached at Booth-Bank, among a quiet
and loving people; but a famous Anabaptist Teacher, Joseph
Pickup by name, had lately occasioned some disturbance
among them. He had given them a particular account of a
conference he had had with me on the road; what he said, and
what I said; and how he had stopped my mouth with the
Seventeenth Article. In the morning I told them the plain
fact. I had overtook him on the road, and we rode half a
bow-shot together, but did not exchange five sentences till we
About noon I preached at Mr. Anderton's, near North-
wich. Several of the gay and rich were there. I continued
praying and talking with them till past two: We were then
obliged to take horse for Astbury.
Here likewise I found an open door, though many fine people
were of the congregation; but they behaved as people fearing
God; as seriously as the poor ploughmen.
Sun. 10.-I preached at Astbury at five; and at seven
proclaimed at Congleton-Cross, Jesus Christ, our "wisdom,
and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption." It
rained most of the time that I was speaking; but that did not
hinder abundance of people from quietly attending. Between
twelve and one I preached near Macclesfield, and in the
evening at Woodly-Green.
Mon. 11.-I preached at noon about a mile from Ashton,
and in the evening at Stayley-Hall. Tuesday, 12. I rode to
Bongs, and explained to a serious people the parable of the
Prodigal Son. In the evening I exhorted them at Chinley,
"earnestly to contend for the faith once delivered to the
Wed. 13.-I preached at noon in the High-Peak, and in the
evening at Sheffield. Thursday, 14. I rode to Barley-Hall.
As soon as I had done preaching, William Shent told me
he was just come from Leeds, where he had left Mr. Perronet
in a high fever. I had no time to spare: However, at three in
the morning, on Friday, 15, I set out, and between seven
and eight came to Leeds. By the blessing of God, he
recovered from that hour.
Being willing to redeem the time, I preached at noon, and
then hastened back to Barley-Hall, where I preached at seven,
on, Glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Sat. 16.-I spent an hour or two at Nottingham, and then
rode on to Markfield. At eight I preached. The church was
pretty well filled, and God gave a blessing with his word.
Sun. 17.-Desiring to improve the time we had, I preached
at eleven in the morning, and in the evening. Monday, 18. I
rode to Wednesbury; and, after two or three days spent there
and at Birmingham, on Thursday, 21, came to London.
Sun. 31.-I preached at seven in Moorfields to a large and
well-behaved congregation. Mr. Bateman desired me to preach
a charity sermon at his church, St. Bartholomew the Great, in
the afternoon: But it was with much difficulty that I got in;
not only the church itself, but all the entrances to it, being so
thronged with people ready to tread upon one another. The
great noise made me afraid at first, that my labour would be in
vain; but that fear was soon over; for all was still, as soon as
the service began. I hope God gave us this day a token for
good. If he will work, who shall stay his hand?
Thur. JUNE 4.-I reduced the sixteen Stewards to seven;
to whom were given the following instructions:-
"1. You are to be men full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom,
that you may do all things in a manner acceptable to God.
"2. You are to be present every Tuesday and Thursday
morning, in order to transact the temporal affairs of the
"3. You are to begin and end every meeting with earnest
prayer unto God, for a blessing on all your undertakings.
"4. You are to produce your accounts the first Tuesday in
every month, that they may be transcribed into the ledger.
"5. You are to take it in turn, month by month, to be
Chairman. The Chairman is to see, that all the rules be
punctually observed, and immediately to check him who breaks
any of them.
6. You are to do nothing without the consent of the
Minister, either actually had, or reasonably presumed.
7. You are to consider, whenever you meet, 'God is here.'
Therefore be deeply serious: Utter no trifling word: Speak
as in his presence, and to the glory of his great name.
"8. When any thing is debated, let one at once stand up
and speak, the rest giving attention. And let him speak just
loud enough to be heard, in love and in the spirit of meekness.
"9. You are continually to pray and endeavour that a holy
harmony of soul may in all things subsist among you; that in
June, 1747.] JOURNAL. 59
every step you may 'keep the unity of the Spirit, in the bond
10. In all debates, you are to watch over your spirits;
avoiding, as fire, all clamour and contention ; being swift to
hear, slow to speak;' in honour, every man preferring another
"11. If you cannot relieve, do not grieve, the poor: Give
them soft words, if nothing else: Abstain from either sour
looks, or harsh words. Let them be glad to come, even
though they should go empty away. Put yourself in the
place of every poor man; and deal with him as you would
God should deal with you.
"These instructions, we whose names are under-written
(being the present Stewards of the society at London) do
heartily receive, and earnestly desire to conform to. In
witness whereof we have set our hands.
"N. B. If any Steward shall break any of the preceding
rules, after having been thrice admonished by the Chairman,
(whereof notice is to be immediately given the Minister,) he
is no longer Steward."
Sat. 6.-1 appointed to speak with those who had applied to
us on a physical account. I found there had been about six
hundred in about six months. More than three hundred of
these came twice or thrice, and we saw no more of them. About
twenty of those who had constantly attended, did not seem to
be either better or worse. Above two hundred were sensibly
better; and fifty-one throughly cured. The entire expense,
from the beginning till this time, was about thirty pounds.
Sun. 14.-I preached at St. Bartholomew's again. I admire
the behaviour of this people; none betrays either lightness or
inattention. Surely all the seed sown here will not be lost!
Mon. 15.-Our Conference began, and ended on Saturday,
20. The Minutes of all that passed therein were some time
after transcribed and published.
Sun. 21.-I preached once more at St. Bartholomew's, on
the Gospel for the day, the story of Dives and Lazarus. I was
constrained to speak very plain and strong words. But God
gave the audience ears to hear; so that they appeared as far
from anger on the one hand, as from sleepiness on the other.
After preaching at the chapel in the afternoon, I set out for
Brentford with Robert Swindells. The next day we reached
Marlborough; where one in the room beneath us was swearing
REV. J. WESLEYS
desperately. Mr. Swindells stepped down, and put into his
hand the paper entitled, Swear not at all." He thanked
him, and promised to swear no more. And he did not while
he was in the house.
Tues. 23.-We took horse at three, breakfasted at
Chippenham, and dined at Kingswood; whence I walked to
Bristol. About seven I went to the Old Orchard, where were
rich and poor, a great multitude. We had a solemn and a
joyful hour. Surely these fields are white unto the harvest!
Wed. 24.-We rode to Beercrocomb, hoping to reach Tavis-
tock the next day. So we set out at three. The rain began
at four. We reached Colestock, dropping wet, before seven.
The rain ceased while we were in the house, but began when
we took horse, and attended us all the way to Exeter. While
we stayed here to dry our clothes, I took the opportunity of
writing A Word to a Freeholder." Soon after three we set
out: But it was near eight before we could reach Oakhampton.
Fri. 26.-We came to Tavistock before noon; but it being
market-day, I did not preach till five in the evening. The rain
began almost as soon as we began singing, and drove many out
of the field. After preaching (leaving Mr. Swindells there) I
went on for Plymouth-Dock.
Within two miles of Plymouth, one overtook and informed
us, that, the night before, all the Dock was in an uproar; and
a Constable, endeavouring to keep the peace, was beaten and
much hurt. As we were entering the Dock, one met us, and
desired we would go the back-way: For," said he, there are
thousands of people waiting about Mr. Hide's door." We
rode up straight into the midst of them. They saluted us
with three huzzas; after which I alighted, took several of them
by the hand, and began to talk with them. I would gladly
have passed an hour among them; and believe, if I had, there
had been an end of the riot. But the day being far spent,
(for it was past nine o'clock,) I was persuaded to go in. The
mob then recovered their spirits, and fought valiantly with
the doors and windows: But about ten they were weary, and
went every man to his own home.
Sat. 27.-I preached at four, and then spoke severally to
part of the society. As yet I have found only one person
among them who knew the love of God, before my brother
came. No wonder the devil was so still; for his goods were
About six in the evening, I went to the place where I
preached the last year. A little before we had ended the
hymn, came the Lieutenant, a famous man, with his retinue
of soldiers, drummers, and mob. When the drums ceased, a
gentleman-barber began to speak: But his voice was quickly
drowned in the shouts of the multitude, who grew fiercer and
fiercer, as their numbers increased. After waiting about a
quarter of an hour, perceiving the violence of the rabble still
increasing, I walked down into the thickest of them, and took
the captain of the mob by the hand. He immediately said,
" Sir, I will see you safe home. Sir, no man shall touch you.
Gentlemen, stand off: Give back. I will knock the first
man down that touches him." We walked on in great peace;
my conductor every now and then stretching out his neck (he
was a very tall man) and looking round, to see if any behaved
rudely, till we came to Mr. Hide's door. We then parted in
much love. I stayed in the street near half an hour after he
was gone, talking with the people, who had now forgot their
anger, and went away in high good humour.
Sun. 28.-I preached at five, on the Common, to a well-
behaved, earnest congregation; and at eight near the Room,
on, "Seek ye the Lord while he may be found." The
congregation was much larger than before, and equally
serious and attentive. At ten I went to church. Mr. Barlow
preached an useful sermon, on, "God be merciful to me a
sinner;" and a thundering one in the afternoon, on,
"Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched."
At one I preached again near the Room, from those words,
in the Gospel for the day, Come, for all things are ready."
And the hearts of all that were round about seemed to bow
down before the Lord. I designed to have preached on
Stoke's Hill at five, but the rain would not permit. However,
before six I went to the head of the town, where we had a
large and venerable assembly. The fear of God seemed to
spread itself over all, and they received what was spoken as
the word of God. Yet once more he hath opened the door,
that the Gospel may have free course here also.
Mon. 29.-I took horse between three and four, and reached
Perranwell, three miles beyond Truro, about six. I preached
to a very large congregation at seven; and the word was as
the rain on the tender herb.
Tues. 30.-We came to St. Ives before Morning Prayers,
REV. J. WESLEY'S
and walked to church without so much as one huzza. How
strangely has one year changed the scene in Cornwall This
is now a peaceable, nay, honourable station. They give us
good words almost in every place. What have we done, that
the world should be so civil to us?
Wed. JULY 1.-I spoke severally to all those who had votes
in the ensuing election. I found them such as I desired. Not
one would even eat or drink at the expense of him for whom
he voted. Five guineas had been given to W. C., but he
returned them immediately. T. M. positively refused to accept
any thing. And when he heard that his mother had received
money privately, he could not rest till she gave him the three
guineas, which he instantly sent back.
Thursday, 2, was the day of election for Parliament-men.
It was begun and ended without any hurry at all. I had a
large congregation in the evening, among whom two or three
roared for the disquietness of their heart : As did many at the
meeting which followed; particularly those who had lost their
Sat. 4.-About two I preached in the street at Redruth.
The congregation was large, and deeply attentive: Indeed there
are now scarce any in the town (but gentlemen) who are not
convinced of the truth.
At seven I preached at Stithians, and at five in the morning,
Sunday, 5. We rode thence to St. Agnes. At two I preached
to a large multitude of quiet hearers, many of whom seemed
deeply affected. Yet soon after I had done, some began to
divert themselves with throwing dirt and clods. Mr. Shepherd's
horse was frighted at this; and as one of them stooped down,
leaped clear over him. The man screamed amain; but finding
himself not hurt, he and his comrades poured a shower of
stones after him. Knowing nothing of the matter, I rode
soon after through the midst of them; and none lifted up a
hand or opened his mouth.
About half-hour after five I began at Gwennap. I was afraid
my voice would not suffice for such an immense multitude.
.But my fear was groundless; as the evening was quite calm,
and the people all attention.
It was more difficult to be heard in meeting the society,
amidst the cries of those, on the one hand, who were pierced
through as with a sword, and of those, on the other, who were
filled with joy unspeakable.
Mon. 6.-I preached, about twelve, at Bray: But neither
the house nor the yard would contain the congregation; and
all were serious; the scoffers are vanished away. I scarce
saw one in the county.
I preached in the evening at Camborne to an equally serious
congregation. I looked about for John Rogers, the champion,
who had so often sworn, I should never more preach in that
parish. But it seems, he had given up the cause, saying,
" One may as well blow against the wind."
Tues. 7.-I preached at St. Ives; Wednesday, 8, at
Sithney. On Thursday the Stewards of all the societies met.
I now diligently inquired what Exhorters there were in each
society; whether they had gifts meet for the work; whether
their lives were eminently holy; and whether there appeared
any fruit of their labour. I found, upon the whole, 1. That
there were no less than eighteen Exhorters in the county.
2. That three of these had no gifts at all for the work, neither
natural nor supernatural. 3. That a fourth had neither
gifts nor grace; but was a dull, empty, self-conceited man.
4. That a fifth had considerable gifts, but had evidently made
shipwreck of the grace of God: These therefore I determined
immediately to set aside, and advise our societies not to hear
them. 5. That J. B., A. L., and J. W. had gifts and grace,
and had been much blessed in the work. Lastly, That the
rest might be helpful when there was no Preacher in their own
or the neighboring societies, provided they would take no
step without the advice of those who had more experience
Fri. 10.-I preached at Gulval-Cross,in the midway between
Penzance and Marazion.
Sat. 11.-I examined the classes at St. Just, established and
settled in the grace of God.
Sun. 12.-At five I preached at St. Just; at twelve, to the
largest congregation I ever saw at Morva. I then went to
church at Zennor; and when the service was ended, preached
under the church-yard wall.
Hence I rode to Newlyn, a little town onthe south sea, about
a mile from Penzance. At five I walked to a rising ground,
near the sea-shore, where was a smooth white sand to stand on.
An immense multitude of people was gathered together; but
their voice was as the roaring of the sea. I began to speak, and
the noise died away : But before I had ended my prayer, some
REV. J. WESLEY'S
poor wretches of Penzance began cursing and swearing, and
thrusting the people off the bank. In two minutes I was
thrown into the midst of them; when one of Newlyn, a bitter
opposer till then, turned about and swore, None shall meddle
with the man: I will lose my life first." Many others were
of his mind: So I walked an hundred yards forward, and
finished my sermon without any interruption.
Mon. 13.-I preached at Terdinny, in Buryan parish,
where was a large and earnest congregation, notwithstanding
the wonderful stories which they have frequently heard
related in the pulpit for certain truths. In the morning I
wrote as follows :-
"REV. SIR, Terdinny, July 14, 1747.
"I WAs exceedingly surprised when I was informed
yesterday, of your affirming publicly in the church, in the
face of a whole congregation, 'Now Wesley has sent down
for an hundred pounds; and it must be raised directly.
Nay, it is true.' O Sir, is this possible? Can it be, that you
should be so totally void (I will not say of conscience, of
religion, but) of good-nature, as to credit such a tale? and
of good manners and common sense, as thus to repeat it?
"I must beg that you would either justify or retract this;
(for it is a point of no small concern;) and that I may know
what you propose to do, before I set out for London.
"I am, Reverend Sir,
"Your brother and servant, for Christ's sake."
But he never favoured me with an answer.
Sat. 25.-I was welcomed into Port-Isaac by more company
than I expected. The man who had some time since headed the
mob when they left Edward Grenfill for dead, had gathered all
his troops, and received us as soon as we entered the first street.
They all attended us to Mr. Scantlebury's door, who (Mr. T.
informed me) desired I would lodge at his house. I knocked
long at the door, but no one answered: At length, the master
appeared,-an hoary, venerable old man. I asked, "Pray, is
Mr. T. here?" He replied, "Mr. T. is not here. But, pray
what may thy name be?" I answered, My name is John
Wesley." He said, I have heard of thee." Perceiving that
he had no more to say, I turned back to another house. The
mob followed, hallooing and shouting; but none of them
offered to strike, or even throw any thing. Only their captain,
after some hard words, lifted up his stick at me once or twice.
But one of his companions interposed. He then went quietly
After spending half an hour, we rode on to Camelford.
We stopped at a friend's house near the town; and between
four and five walked to Mr. M.'s, who had often desired that,
if Mr. Wesley came, he would preach either in his house or
bowling-green: But word came from the Mayor, while I was
there, that if I did preach he would prosecute him. Finding
no convenient place could be procured, we thought it best to
go on to Mr. Bennet's. As I walked through the town, we
had a large train to attend us. Only one stone struck me
on the shoulder. Fifty or a hundred waited upon us about
half a mile: We then went on quietly to Tregear.
Sun. 26.-I preached at Tamerton church in the morning,
Mary Week in the afternoon, and St. Gennis in the evening.
Mon. 27.-In the evening I preached in Tresmere church;
and at five on Tuesday and Wednesday morning. Tuesday
evening I preached at Laneast church; on Wednesday noon
on St. Stephen's Down, near Launceston. Thence we rode to
Crockern-Well; and on Thursday in the afternoon came once
more to Beercrocomb.
Fri. 31.-About noon I preached at Taunton. Much
opposition was expected; and several young gentlemen came,
as it seemed, with that design; but they did not put it in
execution. From hence we rode to Bridgewater; and even
at this dry, barren place, God largely watered us with the dew
of heaven. After preaching I rode to Middlesey, intending
only to meet the society; but notice had been given that I
would preach there; so I gave an exhortation to all that
Sat. AvcusT 1.-I preached here soon after four; about
noon at Waywick; and in the evening at Bristol.
Sun. 2.-I preached in Kingswood at eight; in the
afternoon at Connam; and at five in the Old Orchard, to
the largest congregation which I ever remember to have seen
at Bristol. What hath God wrought in this city! And yet
perhaps the hundredth part of his work does not now appear.
Tues. 4.-I set out for Ireland. We rode that day (b-;t it
was hard labour) to Builth, where I preached in the r ening
on the Prodigal Son.
Wed. 5.-Taking horse early in the morning, we rode over
the rough mountains of Radnorshire and Montgomeryshire into
VOL. II. F
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Merionethshire. In the evening I was surprised with one of the
finest prospects, in its kind, that ever I saw in my life. We
rode in a green vale, shaded with rows of trees, which made an
arbour for several miles. The river laboured along on our left
hand, through broken rocks of every size, shape, and colour.
On the other side of the river, the mountain rose to an immense
height, almost perpendicular : And yet the tall straight oaks
stood, rank above rank, from the bottom to the very top; only
here and there, where the mountain was not so steep, were
interposed pastures or fields of corn. At a distance, as far
as the eye could reach, as it were by way of contrast,
A mountain huge uprear'd
Its broad bare back,
with vast, rugged rocks hanging over its brow, that seemed to
lod portending ruin.
Thur. 6.-Between three and four in the afternoon we, with
some difficulty, reached Carnarvon. This has the face of a
fortified town, having walls, (such as they are,) and a castle
as considerable as that of Cardiff. Here we parted with our
guide and interpreter, Mr. Philips. Mr. Tucker and I set
out for Holyhead. We intended to cross over into Anglesey,
at Baldonferry, four miles from Carnarvon: But not being
able to inquire our way, (as we spoke no Welsh, and the
country people no English,) we could not find where the ferry
was, till we saw the boat coming over.
We went into the boat about sun-set, and lodged that night
at a little inn by the water-side.
Fri. 7.-We made a little stop at Llangevenye, seven miles
from the ferry. We should have hired a guide to have steered
over the sands, but it was quite out of my mind till we came
to them; so we went straight across, and came to Holyhead
without any stop or hinderance at all.
Sat. 8.-Finding one of the packet-boats ready, we went
on board about eight o'clock in the morning. It was a dead
calm when we rowed out of the harbour: But about two in
the afternoon the wind sprung up, and continued till inear
four on Sunday morning, when we were within sight of the
I could not but observe, 1. That while we were sailing with
a fresh gale, there was no wind at all a mile off; but a ship
which lay abreast of us was quite becalmed, till we left her
out of sight. 2. That a French privateer, which for several
days had taken every ship which sailed on that coast, was
taken and brought into Dublin Bay, the very morning we
Before ten we came to St. George's Quay. Soon after we
landed, hearing the bells ringing for church, I went thither
directly. Mr. Lunell came to the Quay just after I was gone,
and left word at the house where our things were, he would
call again at one. He did so; and took us to his house.
About three I wrote a line to the Curate of St. Mary's,
who sent me word, he should be glad of my assistance: So I
preached there, (another gentleman reading Prayers,) to as
gay and senseless a congregation as ever I saw. After sermon
Mr. R. thanked me very affectionately, and desired I would
favour him with my company in the morning.
Mon. 10.-I met the society at five, and at six preached, on,
"Repent, and believe the Gospel." The room, large as it
was, would not contain the people, who all seemed to taste the
Between eight and nine I went to Mr. R., the Curate of St.
Mary's. He professed abundance of good-will, commended
my sermon in strong terms, and begged he might see me again
the next morning. But, at the same time, he expressed the
most rooted prejudice against Lay-Preachers, or preaching
out of a church; and said, the Archbishop of Dublin was
resolved to suffer no such irregularities in his diocese.
I went to our brethren, that we might pour out our souls
before God. I then went straight to wait on the Archbishop
myself; but he was gone out of town.
In the afternoon a gentleman desired to speak with me. He
was troubled that it was not with him as in times past, when,
at the age of fourteen, the power of God came mightily upon
him, constraining him to rise out of bed to pour out his
prayers and tears from an heart overflowed with love and joy
in the Holy Ghost. For some months he scarce knew
whether he was in the body,-continually walking and talking
with God. He has now an abiding peace; but cannot rest till
the love of God again fills his heart.
SBetween six and seven I went to Marlborough-Street. The
house wherein we then preached was originally designed for a
Lutheran church, and will contain about four hundred people.
But four or five times the number may stand in the yard.
R1EV. J. WESLEY'S
Many of the rich were there, and many Ministers of every
denomination. I preached on, The Scripture hath concluded
all under sin ;" and spoke closely and strongly: But none at
all seemed to be offended. If my brother or I could have been
here for a few months, I question if there might not have
been a larger society here, than even in London itself.
Tues. 11.-I waited on the Archbishop at Newbridgc, ten
miles from Dublin. I had the favour of conversing with him
two or three hours; in which I answered abundance of objec-
tions. In the evening I returned to Mr. Lunell's. John Trem-
bath preached at Marlborough-Street, to a large congregation
both of Laity and Clergy, who behaved with much decency.
Wed. 12.-I purposely delayed examining the classes, till I
had gone through the Rules of the Society, part of which I
explained to them at large, with the reasons of them, every
Thur. 13.-We walked in the afternoon to see two persons
that were sick near Phenix-Park. That part of it which joins
to the city is sprinkled up and down with trees, not unlike
Hyde-Park. But about a mile from the town is a thick grove
of old, tall oaks; and in the centre of this, a round, open green,
(from which are vistas all four ways,) with a handsome stone
pillar in the midst, having a Phoenix on the top.
I continued preaching, morning and evening, to many more
than the house would contain, and had more and more reason
to hope they would not all be unfruitful hearers.
Fri. 14.-I procured a genuine account of the great Irish
massacre in 1641. Surely never was there such a transaction
before, from the beginning of the world More than two
hundred thousand men, women, and children, butchered
within a few months, in cool blood, and with such circum-
stances of cruelty as make one's blood run cold It is well
if God has not a controversy with the nation, on this very
account, to this day.
Sat. 15.-I stayed at home, and spoke to all that came. But
I found scarce any Irish among them. At least ninety-nine in
an hundred of the native Irish remain in the religion of their
forefathers. The Protestants, whether in Dublin or elsewhere,
are almost all transplanted lately from England. Nor is it
any wonder that those who are born Papists generally live and
die such, when the Protestants can find no better ways *o
convert them than Penal Laws and Acts of Parliament.
Sun. 16.-We went to St. James's church in the morning,
(there being no service at St. Patrick's,) and in the afternoon,
to Christ Church. When I came out of the choir, I could not
but observe well nigh the whole congregation drawn up in
rows in the body of the church, from the one end to the other.
I walked through the midst of them; and they stared their
fill : But scarce one spoke either good or bad.
In the evening I had a large number of them inMarlborough-
Street, both within doors and without.
Mon. 17.-I began examining the society, which I finished
the next day. It contained about two hundred and four-score
members, many of whom appeared to be strong in faith. The
people in general are of a more teachable spirit than in most
parts of England. But, on that very account, they must be
watched over with the more care, being equally susceptible
of good and ill impressions.
Tues. 18.-I was informed that Mr. Latrobe, the Moravian
Preacher, had read in his pulpit part of the Short View of the
Difference between the Moravians" and us, with the addition
of many bitter words. Herein he did us, unawares, a signal
favour; giving an authentic proof that we have nothing to do
Fri. 21.-I was desired to see the town and the college.
The town has scarce any public building, except the
Parliament-house, which is at all remarkable. The churches
are poor and mean, both within and without. St. Stephen's
Green might be made a beautiful place, being abundantly
larger than Lincoln's Inn-Square; but the houses round about
it (besides that some are low and bad) are quite irregular,
and unlike each other; and little care is taken of the Green
itself, which is as rough and uneven as a common.*
The College contains two little quadrangles; and one about
as large as that of New-College in Oxford. There is likewise
a bowling-green, a small garden, and a little park; and a
new-built handsome library.
I expected we should have sailed on Saturday, 22; but no
packet-boat was come in. In order to make the best of our
time, I preached this day at noon, as well as in the evening.
It was not for nothing that our passage was delayed. Who
knows what a day may bring forth ?
* It was then.
REV. J. WESLEr'S
Sun. 23.-The room was so crowded in the morning, that I
thought it best to begin before the usual time in the evening.
Yet were a multitude of people got together, in the house,
yard, and street, far more than my voice could reach. I cried
aloud to as many of them as could hear, "All things are
ready : Come ye to the marriage." I had then delivered my
message: So before ten we took boat, and about eleven reached
The wind was right ahead. Then succeeded a dead calm;
so that we did not get out of the bay till Monday evening; nor
within sight of Wales till Wednesday, 26. By this means we
had an opportunity of talking largely both with our fellow-
passengers and the sailors, many of whom received our words
with gladness. About two in the afternoon we landed at
Holyhead. Between three and four we took horse, and came in
the evening to Thomas Thomas's, near Ryd-y-Spardon. He
had before desired Jonathan Reeves to call there in his
return; but we were at a great loss, none in the house under-
standing English, and none of us understanding Welsh; till
Mr. Morgan, a neighboring Schoolmaster, came, who took
us to his own house; and in the morning, Thursday, 27,
rode with us to the passage.
We reached Carnarvon before ten, Tannabull in the
evening, and Llanidloes, Friday, 28.
Sat. 29.-About noon we came to Builth. At three I
preached in the main street, and at Garth in the evening;
where I met my brother going to Ireland.
Sun. 30.-He preached at Builth about nine. Thence we
went to Maesmennys church. But it would not near contain
the congregation; so that I was constrained to preach in the
church-yard. Thence I rode to Lanzunfried. Here also the
church not being able to hold the people, I came out to a large
tomb-stone, under a shady tree, and proclaimed "the grace
of our Lord Jesus Christ."
One of the audience pressed me much to preach at Clero;
telling me Mr. J. had often said I should be welcome to his
pulpit. Monday, 31. I rode thither, and called on Mr. J.;
but (as I supposed it would) his heart failed. I preached on
a large smooth meadow, Christ our "wisdom, righteousness,
sanctification, and redemption;" and a multitude of people
were gathered from all parts, though on so short a warning.
We set out early, SEPTEMBER 1; and after a short stop
Sept. 1747.] JOURNAL. 71
near Crick-Howell, aimed at the nearest way over the moun-
tains, to Cardiff. But it was near four in the afternoon before
we could reach a little village at the foot of the hills, called
Risca. The people at the inn here were civil above measure;
particularly a young, genteel man, who was son to the woman
of the house, and lived at a small distance from it. He rode
with us two miles, to show us the nearest way; and desired,
if we came again, we would lodge at his house. The reason
of all this kindness was, that, a year or two ago, he had heard
me preach at Bristol.
I reached Cardiff between seven and eight, and immediately
went to the Room. My strength just lasted till I had done
preaching. I was then quite ready to lie down and rest.
Wed. 2.-I spent some time with T. Prosser, who had filled
the society with vain janglings. I found the fault lay in his
head, rather than his heart. He is an honest, well-meaning
man; but no more qualified, either by nature or grace, to
expound Scripture, than to read lectures in Logic or Algebra.
Yet even men of sense have taken this dull, mystical man
to be far deeper than he is: And it is very natural so to do.
If we look into a dark pit, it seems deep; but the darkness
only makes it seem so. Bring the light, and we shall see it
is very shallow.
In the evening I preached at Fonmon; but, the congre-
gation being larger than the chapel would contain, I was
obliged to preach in the court. I was myself much comforted,
in comforting the weary and heavy laden.
Fri. 4.-There was a very large congregation at Cardift
Castle-yard, in the evening. I afterwards met the society,
spoke plain to them, and left them once more in peace.
Sat. 5.-In my road to Bristol, I read over Q. Curtius, a
fine writer, both as to thought and language. But what an
hero does he describe! whose murder of his old friend and
companion Clitus, (though not done of a sudden, as is
commonly supposed; but deliberately, after some hours' con-
sideration,) was a virtuous act in comparison of his butchering
poor Philotas, and his good old father, Parmenio. Yet even
this was a little thing, compared to the thousands and ten
thousands he slaughtered, both in battle, and in and after
taking cities, for no other crime than defending their wives and
children. I doubt whether Judas claims so hot a place in
hell as Alexander the Great.
REV. J. WESLEY~S
Thur, 10.-I preached at Bath about noon, and in the
evening at Bearfield. Friday, 11. We rode to Reading. Mr.
Richards, a tradesman in the town, came to our inn, and
entreated me to preach at a Room which he had built for that
purpose. I did so, at six in the morning, and then rode on.
It rained all the way till we came to London.
Sat. 19.-Mrs. Baddily desired me to go up to her son, who
had been out of order for some days. For one or two years he
was a pattern to all the family; till he began to converse more
with good sort of men. He then grew. cooler and cooler in
the ways of God, and, in a few months, quitted the society;
resolving, he said, to keep to his Church, and live a sober
life, and that was enough. That was too much in a little
time. He grew tired of his Church too, and dropped that
and sobriety together. He was now, his mother informed
me, dead as a stone to all the things of God. I spake a few
words, and went to prayer. And God broke his heart. He
continued weeping and praying all the day, and all the night;
and at six in the morning, fell asleep.
Tues. 22.-I rode to Shoreham, where I preached every
morning in the house, and every evening in the church. But
the season of fruit is not yet.
Sun. 27.-I preached in Moorfields, morning and evening,
and continued so to do till November. I know no church in
London (that in West-Street excepted) where there is so
serious a congregation.
Mon. 28.-I talked with one who, a little time before, was
so overwhelmed with affliction, that she went out one night to
put an end to it all, by throwing herself into the New River.
As she went by the Foundery, (it being a watch-night,) she
heard some people singing. She stopped, and went in: She
listened awhile, and God spoke to her heart. She had no
more desire to put an end to her life; but to die to sin, and
live to God.
Tues. 29.-I retired to Mrs. Sparrow's, at Lewisham, where
also I preached every evening. Saturday, OCTOBER 3. I
returned to London. In the evening I buried a young man,
who had but lately known God; but from that time he had
lived much in a little space. His soul was clouded at the
beginning of his illness; but the clouds soon vanished away,
and he continued in the calm joy of faith, till his spirit
returned to God.
Fri. 9.-We had a watch-night at the chapel. Being
weak in body, I was afraid I could not go through it. But
the longer I spoke, the more strength I had: Insomuch that
at twelve o'clock all my weariness and weakness were gone,
and I was as one refreshed with wine.
The former part of the next week, and of some others, I
spent at Newington and Lewisham in writing.
Fri. 16.-I went with two or three friends, to see what
are called the Electrical experiments. How must these also
confound those poor half-thinkers, who will believe nothing
but what they can comprehend? Who can comprehend, how
fire lives in water, and passes through it more freely than
through air? How flame issues out of my finger, real flame,
such as sets fire to spirits of wine? How these, and many
more as strange phenomena, arise from the turning round a
glass globe? It is all mystery: If haply by any means God
may hide pride from man !
Tues. 20.-I read Dr. Doddridge's "Account of Colonel
Gardiner." And what matters it, whether his soul was set
at liberty by a fever, or a Lochaber axe, seeing he has gone
Thur. 29.-T. C., who had been with the Brethren some
years, desired to speak with me. He said, he could find no
rest any where else, and was constrained to return where he
was first called. I believe he obeyed that conviction for a
month. Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel."
Mon. NOVEMBER 2.-I preached at Windsor at noon, and
in the afternoon rode to Reading. Mr. J. R. had just sent
his brother word, that he had hired a mob to pull down his
preaching-house that night. In the evening Mr. S. Richards
overtook a large company of bargemen walking towards it,
whom he immediately accosted, and asked if they would go
with him and hear a good sermon; telling them, "I will make
room for you, if you were as many more." They said, they
would go with all their hearts. "But, neighbours," said he,
" would it not be as well to leave those clubs behind you?
Perhaps some of the women may be frighted at them." They
threw them all away, and walked quietly with him to the
house, where he set them in a pew.
In the conclusion of my sermon, one of them who used to
be their captain, being the head taller than his fellows, rose
up, and looking round the congregation, said, "The gentleman
REV. J. WESLEY'S
says nothing but what is good: I say so; and there is not a
man here that shall dare to say otherwise."
Thur. 5.-I began examining the classes, and every person
severally, touching that bane of religion, evil-speaking; as
well as touching their manner of life before they heard this
preaching; and by comparing what they were with what they
are now, we found more abundant cause to praise God.
Fri. 20.-I was informed of a remarkable providence: One
going home the last watch-night, met a woman in Blackfriars,
who inquired which was the way to the water-side. She said,
"It is so late I doubt you will get no boat." The woman
answered, "I don't want one." On this she stopped and
began to question her more closely, what she was going to do.
After a while, she confessed she was going to drown herself,
being under heavy affliction. But she was soon brought to
a better mind; and seemed resolved to cast her care on Him,
who had so signally cared for her.
Sun. 22.-I spent an hour with Mary Cheesebrook, a
strange monument of the mercy of God. About six years
ago, she was without God in the world, being a kept mistress.
An acquaintance brought her one evening to the chapel in
West-Street, where God gave her a new heart. She shed
abundance of tears, she plucked out the right eye and cast it
from her; and from that time procured for herself by hard
labour what was needful for life and godliness. She missed
no opportunity of coming to the preaching; often after a
hard day's work, at May-Fair, she came to the Foundery in
the evening, running the greater part of the way. Every
Saturday, after paying her little debts, she gave away all the
money that remained; leaving the morrow to take thought
for the things of itself.
Two years ago she catched a violent cold, which she
neglected, till it settled upon her lungs. I knew nothing
of her illness till it was past cure, she being then worn to a
skeleton. Upon my mentioning her case to Mrs. -, she
sent her half-a-guinea. Molly immediately sent for a poor
man, a baker, of whom she had lately taken her bread. She
owed him about ten shillings: But an earnest dispute arose
between them; for the man would not take the money, saying,
she wanted it more than he. But at length she prevailed,
saying, she could not die in peace, if she owed any man any
But I found something still lay upon her mind. Upon my
pressing her to speak freely, she told me, it was concern for
her child, a girl about eight years old, who, after she was
gone, would have no friend to take care either of her soul or
body. I replied, "Be at rest in this thing also; I will take
care of the child." From that time she lay (two or three
weeks) quietly waiting for the salvation of God.
Fri. 27.-Poor Mr. Simpson spent an hour with me,
distressed on every side; drawn up to London by fair and
specious promises; and then left to perish, unless he would
promise, never more to preach out of a church. Alas! what
a method of conversion is this! I love the Church too: But
I would no more starve men into the Church, than burn
them into it.
Sat. 28.-Mr. H., one of the first ten who met in band with
my brother and me, desired to speak with me. I had not
exchanged a word with him before, since we parted at Fetter-
Lane. He said, about six years ago, the Brethren told him,
it was the will of the Lamb, that he should give himself to
the public work, quitting all secular business. He obeyed,
discharged his men, sold his goods, parted with his house.
From that time, he not only preached, but was employed in
places of the greatest trust.
About two years ago, having many doubts upon his mind
concerning their method of proceeding, he wrote a long letter
to the Count, who seemed to take it well; and he continued
labouring, as before, both in preaching and in the government
of the Church.
But about a month ago, he was ordered to leave off preaching
and return to his trade. Having learned not to dispute, but
obey, he hired an house and set up a sign: Nevertheless he
could not be easy; he mused much, and prayed much, and at
last resolved to come to me.
He seemed to tell me all his heart, both at this and our
following interviews. If he only seemed, let him look to it.
Ego in port navigo.*
Sun. 29.-About six in the morning, Mrs. Witham slept in
the Lord. A mother in Israel hast thou also been, and thy
works shall praise thee in the gates. Some years ago, before
Mr. Witham died, she seemed to stand on the brink of eternity.
About this I feel myself no longer at *ea, but am safe in harbour.-EDIT.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
But God renewed her strength, till she had finished the work
which he had given her to do. She was an eminent pattern of
calm boldness for the truth, of simplicity and godly sincerity:
of unwearied constancy in attending all the ordinances of
God; of zeal for God and for all good works; and of self-
denial in every kind. Blessed is the dead that hath thus
lived and died in the Lord! for she rests from her labours,
and her works follow her.
Mon. 30.-I set out early, and called on Mr. H. at Brentford,
who rode on with me to Basingstoke that night. We were
throughly wet with the heavy rain, which intermitted in the
night, but began again before we took horse in the morning.
Tues. DECEMBER 1.-About noon we reached Stockbridge.
The rain then changed into snow. Seeing no prospect of fair
weather, after resting a while we set out in the midst of the
storm. It blew such a hurricane, as I have scarce known in
England, and that full in our teeth, so that our horses reeled
to and fro, and had much ado to keep their feet. The snow
likewise drove so vehemently in our faces, in riding over the
open Downs, where, for several miles, there was neither house,
nor tree, nor shrub to shelter, that it was hard labour to get
forward. But in about an hour, the sky cleared up, and we
rode on comfortably to Salisbury.
From the concurring account of many witnesses, who spoke
no more than they personally knew, I now learned as much
as is hitherto brought to light concerning the fall of poor
Twelve years ago, he was, without all question, filled with
faith and the love of God. He was a pattern of humility,
meekness, seriousness, and, above all, of self-denial; so that
in all England, I knew not his fellow.
It were easy to point out the several steps, whereby he
fell from his steadfastness; even till he fell into a course of
adultery, yea, and avowed it in the face of the sun !
Thur. 3.-I took my leave of this uncomfortable place, and
set out for Bristol. But the heavy rains, together with the
melting snow, had made the lower parts of the road scarce
passable. However, we made a shift to reach Philip's Norton
that night, and Bristol the next day. We found fresh proof
every day, that God had brought us hither, both to give and
to receive a blessing.
Mon. 14.-We had a glorious hour, with a few that know
the Lord. We then rode to Bearfield, where I preached at
noon, with a deep sense of his presence. Some who were
laughing when I began, hid their faces soon, being ashamed
to be seen in tears. We rode on in the afternoon, and came
the next evening, throughly weary and wet, to Reading.
Wed. 16.-I preached at Datchet at noon, and at London
in the evening.
Mon. 21.-I went to Newington. Here, in the intervals of
writing, I read the deaths of some of the Order de la Trappe.
I am amazed at the allowance which God makes for invincible
ignorance. Notwithstanding the mixture of superstition which
appears in every one of these, yet what a strong vein of piety
runs through all! What deep experience of the inward work
of God; of righteousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost !
Being not convinced, that I had yet delivered my own soul,
with regard to that unhappy man, on Tuesday, 22, I wrote
once more to Mr. H., as follows:-
"DEAR BROTHER, London, Dec. 22, 1747.
"1. WHEN you was at Oxford with me, fourteen or
fifteen years ago, you was holy and unblamable in all manner
of conversation. I greatly rejoiced in the grace of God
which was given unto you, which was often a blessing to
my own soul. Yet even then you had frequently starts of
thought which were not of God, though they at first appeared
so to be. But you was humble and teachable; you was
easily convinced, and those imaginations vanished away.
"2. More than twelve years ago, you told me, God had
revealed it to you, that you should marry my youngest sister.
I was much surprised, being well assured that you was able
to receive our Lord's saying, (so you had continually testified,)
and to be an 'eunuch for the kingdom of heaven's sake.'
But you vehemently affirmed, the thing was of God; you
was certain it was his will. God had made it plain to you that
you must marry, and that she was the very person. You
asked and gained her consent, and fixed the circumstances
"3. Hence I date your fall. Here were several faults in
one. You leaned altogether to your own understanding, not
consulting either me, who was then the guide of your soul,
or the parents of your intended wife, till you had settled the
whole affair. And while you followed the voice of nature,
you said it was the voice of God.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
"4. In a few days you had a counter-revelation, that you
was not to marry her, but her sister. This last error was
far worse than the first. But you was now quite above con-
viction. So, in spite of her poor, astonished parent, of her
brothers, of all your vows and promises, you shortly after
jilted the younger, and married the elder sister. The other,
who had honoured you as an angel from heaven, and still
loved you much too well, (for you had stole her heart from
the God of her youth,) refused to be comforted. She fell
into a lingering illness, which terminated in her death. And
doth not her blood still cry unto God from the earth?
Surely it is upon your head.
5. Till this time you was a pattern of lowliness, meekness,
seriousness, and continual advertence to the presence of God;
and, above all, of self-denial in every kind, and of suffering all
things with joyfulness. But there was now a worm at the
root of the gourd. Yet it did not presently wither away;
but for two years or more, after your marriage, you behaved
nearly the same as before.
"Then anger and surliness began to appear, particularly
toward your wife. But it was not long before you was sensible
of this, and you seemed to have conquered it.
"6. You went up to London ten years ago. After this
you began to speak on any head; not with your usual
diffidence and self-abasement, but with a kind of confidence
in your own judgment, and an air of self-sufficiency. A
natural consequence was, the treating with more sharpness and
contempt those who opposed either your judgment or practice.
"7. You came to live at London. You then, for a season,
appeared to gain ground again. You acted in concert with
my brother and me; heard our advice, and sometimes followed
it. But this continued only till you contracted a fresh acquaint-
ance with some of the Brethren of Fetter-Lane. Thence-
forward you was quite shut up to us; we had no manner
of influence over you; you was more and more prejudiced
against us, and would receive nothing which we said.
"8. About six years ago you removed to Salisbury, and
began a society there. For a year or two you went with them
to the church and sacrament, and simply preached faith
working by love. God was with you, and they increased
both in number, and in the knowledge and love of God.
"About four years since you broke off all friendship with
us; you would not so much as make use of our hymns, either
in public or private, but laid them quite aside, and took the
German hymn-book in their stead.
"You would not willingly suffer any of your people to
read anything which we wrote. You angrily caught one
of my sermons out of your servant's hand; saying, you
would have no such books read in your house. In much
the same manner you spoke to Mrs. Whitemarsh, when you
found her reading one of the 'Appeals.' So that as far as
in you lay, you fixed a great gulf between us and you, which
remains to this day, notwithstanding a few steps lately made
towards a re-union.
About the same time you left off going to church, as well
as to the sacrament. Your followers very soon trod in your
steps; and not content with neglecting the ordinances of God,
they began, after your example, to despise them, and all that
continued to use them: Speaking with equal contempt of the
Public Service, of Private Prayer, of Baptism, and of the
From this time also you began to espouse and teach many
uncommon opinions : As, that there is no resurrection of the
body; that there is no general judgment to come; and that
there is no hell, no worm that never dieth, no fire that never
shall be quenched.
"9. Your seriousness, and advertence to the presence of
God, now declined daily. You could talk on any thing or
nothing, just as others did. You could break a jest, or
laugh at it heartily; and as for fasting, abstinence, and
self-denial, you, with the Moravians, trampled it under foot."
In the following paragraphs I recited to him the things he
had done with regard to more than one, or two, or three
women, concluding thus:-
"And now you know not that you have done anything
amiss! You can eat and drink and be merry! You are
every day engaged with variety of company, and frequent the
coffee-houses Alas, my brother, what is this? How are
you above measure hardened by the deceitfulness of sin Do
you remember the story of Santon Barsisa? I pray God
your last end may not be like his 0, how have you grieved
the Spirit of God Return to him with weeping, fasting, and
mourning. You are in the very belly of hell; only the pit
hath not yet shut its mouth upon you. Arise, thou sleeper,
REV. J. WESLEYS
and call upon thy God! Perhaps he may yet be found.
Because he still bears with me, I cannot despair for you.
But you have not a moment to lose. May God this instant
strike you to the heart, that you may feel his wrath abiding
on you, and have no rest in your bones, by reason of your
sin, till all your iniquities are done away !"
Fri. 25.-We met at four, and solemnly rejoiced in God
our Saviour. I found much revival in my own soul this day;
and so did many others also. Both this and the following
days, I strongly urged the wholly giving up ourselves to
God, and renewing in every point our covenant, that the Lord
should be our God.
Sat. 26.-I called on one, with whose mother I had prayed
a little before her death. I knew not till now, how she came
to desire me, of all persons, to pray with her. It seems her
daughter, who was of a lion-like spirit, came to me some time
before, and told me, she had just been quarrelling with her
aunt on my account, and was so angry that she struck her.
I told her, "Then go and ask her pardon." She went
home, ran to her aunt, and asked her pardon. While they
were hanging upon each other, both in tears, her mother came
in, being afraid they were fighting. She cried out, Sister,
what is Sally doing to you?" She replied, She has just
been asking me pardon." I never knew her to do such a
thing since she was born," said her mother: Sally, who
taught you that?" "My Minister," said Sally. All were
struck; and their enmity was at an end.
JANUARY 1, 1748.-We began the year at four in the
morning, with joy and thanksgiving. The same spirit was
in the midst of us both at noon and in the evening. Surely
we shall at length present ourselves "a living sacrifice, holy,
acceptable to God."
Wed. 6.-I conversed an hour with Counsellor G., many
years eminent for an utter disregard of all religion. He had
lately contracted an acquaintance with Mr. R., in consequence
of which, he soon set upon his wife. She told him, Sir,
here is a fuller answer to your objections, than I am able
to give;" and desired him seriously to read the "Earnest
Appeal." He did so, and was throughly convinced that there
is reality in religion.
I believe he told me all that was in his heart. He stayed till
the watch-night service was ended, and appeared much affected.
Jan. 1748.] JOURNAL. 81
Let but a little seed be sown, and God is able to give it an
Sat. 16.-Upon reviewing the account of the sick, we
found great reason to praise God. Within the year, about
three hundred persons had received medicines occasionally.
About one hundred had regularly taken them, and submitted
to a proper regimen: More than ninety of these were entirely
cured of diseases they had long laboured under. And the
expense of medicines for the entire year amounted to some
shillings above forty pounds.
Sun. 17.-I made a public collection towards a lending-
stock for the poor. Our rule is, to lend only twenty shillings
at once, which is repaid weekly within three months. I began
this about a year and a half ago: Thirty pounds sixteen
shillings were then collected; and out of this, no less than
two hundred and fifty-five persons have been relieved in
eighteen months. Dr. W., hearing of this design, sent a
guinea toward it; as did an eminent Deist the next morning.
Mon. 25.-I preached at four; and afterwards set out for
Brentford. Thence I rode to Windsor, and preached about
noon. We lodged at Morrel-Green, and came to Fisherton
on Tuesday, about two o'clock.
Mr. Hall, having heard I was coming, had given strict orders
that no one should be let in. The inner door he had locked
himself, and (I suppose) taken away the key. Yet when T
knocked at the outer gate, which was locked also, Willian,
Sims opened the wicket. I walked straight in. A girl stood
in the gateway, but turned as soon as she saw me. I followed
close at her heels, and went in after her, at a back-door. I
asked the maid, "Where is Mr. Hall?" She said, "In the
parlour," and went in to him. I followed her, and found him
sitting with my sister: But he presently rose and went up
stairs. He then sent William Sims down, and bid him,
"Tell my brother, he has no business in my house." After
a few minutes, I went to a house in the town, and my sister
came to me. In about an hour, she returned home; but he
sent word to the gate, she might go to the place whence she
I met a little company, gathered up out of the wreck, both
in the evening and at five in the morning, and exhorted them
to go on in the Bible way, and not to be wise above that is
VOL. II. G
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Thur. 28.-I commended them to the grace of God, and
set out for Deverel Long-Bridge. About ten o'clock we were
met by a loaded wagon, in a deep, hollow way. There was a
narrow path between the road and the bank; I stepped into
this, and John Trembath followed me. When the wagon
came near, my horse began to rear, and to attempt climbing
up the bank. This frighted the horse which was close behind,
and made him prance and throw his head to and fro, till the
bit of the bridle catched hold of the cape of my great coat, and
pulled me backward off my horse. I fell as exact on the path,
between the wagon and the bank, as if one had taken me in
his arms and laid me down there. Both our horses stood
stock still, one just behind me, the other before; so, by the
blessing of God, I rose unhurt, mounted again, and rode on.
At twelve I preached at Deverel; in the evening at
Bearfield; and on Friday, 29, came to Bristol.
Mon. FEBRUARY 1.-I received an account of Mr. Towers,
of Leeds, who had even prayed that he might not know his
sins forgiven, as believing it was the highest presumption.
But, notwithstanding this, as he lay one night upon his bed,
he did receive the knowledge of salvation by the remission
of sins: And he declared it boldly to the confusion, at least,
if not conviction, of those who denied the truth.
Sat. 6.-I preached at eight in the morning at Bath, and
in the evening at Coleford. The colliers of this place were
"darkness" indeed; but now they are "light in the Lord."
Tues. 9.-I met about sixty of the society in Bristol, to
consult about enlarging the Room; and indeed securing
it, for there was no small danger of its falling upon our
heads. In two or three days, two hundred and thirty pounds
were subscribed. We immediately procured experienced
builders to make an estimate of the expense: And I appointed
five Stewards (besides those of the society) to superintend the
Fri. 12.-After preaching at Oakhill about noon, I rode to
Shepton, and found them all under a strange consternation.
A mob, they said, was hired, prepared, and made suffi-
ciently drunk, in order to do all manner of mischief. I began
preaching between four and five: None hindered or inter-
rupted at all. We had a blessed opportunity, and the hearts
of many were exceedingly comforted. I wondered what was
become of the mob. But we were quickly informed, they
mistook the place, imagining I should alight (as I used to
do) at William Stone's house, and had summoned, by drum,
all their forces together, to meet me at my coming: But Mr.
Swindells innocently carrying me to the other end of the town,
they did not find their mistake till I had done preaching; so
that the hindering this, which was one of their designs, was
However, they attended us from the preaching-house to
William Stone's, throwing dirt, stones, and clods in
abundance; but they could not hurt us; only Mr. Swindells
had a little dirt on his coat, and I a few specks on my hat.
After we were gone into the house, they began throwing
great stones, in order to break the door. But perceiving this
would require some time, they dropped that design for the
present. They first broke all the tiles on the pent-house over
the door, and then poured in a shower of stones at the windows.
One of their captains, in his great zeal, had followed us into
the house, and was now shut in with us. He did not like this,
and would fain have got out; but it was not possible; so he
kept as close to me as he could, thinking himself safe when he
was near me: But, staying a little behind,-when I went up
two pair of stairs, hnd stood close on one side, where we were a
little sheltered,-a large stone struck him on the forehead, and
the blood spouted out like a stream. He cried out, "0 Sir,
are we to die to-night? What must I do? What must I
do?" I said, "Pray to God. He is able to deliver you from
all danger." He took my advice, and began praying in such
a manner as he had scarce done ever since he was born.
Mr. Swindells and I then went to prayer; after which I
told him, "We must not stay here; we must go down imme-
diately." He said, "Sir, we cannot stir; you see how the
stones fly about." I walked straight through the room, and
down the stairs; and not a stone came in, till we were at the
bottom. The mob had just broke open the door when we came
into the lower room; and exactly while they burst in at one
door, we walked out at the other. Nor did one man take any
notice of us, though we were within five yards of each other.
They filled the house at once, and proposed setting it on
fire. But one of them, happening to remember that his own
house was next, with much ado persuaded them not to do it.
Hearing one of them cry out, "They are gone over the
grounds," I thought the advice was good; so we went over
REV. J. WESLEY'S
the grounds, to the farther end of the town, where Abraham
Jenkins waited, and undertook to guide us to Oakhill.
I was riding on in Shepton-Lane, it being now quite
dark, when he cried out, "Come down: Come down from
the bank." I did as I was bid; but the bank being high, and
the side very near perpendicular, I came down all at once, my
horse and I tumbling one over another. But we both rose
unhurt. In less than an hour we came to Oakhill, and the
next morning to Bristol.
Sun. 14.-At seven I preached at Bedminster. At Kings-
wood I began between eight and nine; at Connam about two;
(where I read prayers also;) and in Bristol at five. After the
society was the love-feast; at which my soul was refreshed;
but my body was worn out, so that I could hardly speak to
be heard: Nor did I recover my voice for several days.
Mon. 15.-I set out for Ireland. We came to the New-
Passage at ten. After waiting about five hours, we found,
(which they did not care to confess,) that the boatmen did
not dare to venture out. It blew a storm. We then rode to
the Old-Passage; but the boat was just gone off.
Tues. 16.-They talked of passing early; but the storm
was too high. I then walked to Aust, where I preached about
ten, to a small, serious congregation. Between four and five,
the wind somewhat abating, a boat ventured out and carried
us over. We passed through Chepstow soon after sun-set, and
pushed on; though it grew dark, and the untracked snow lay
thick upon the ground. About eight we reached the Star, a
good, though small inn, five long miles from Chepstow.
It snowed all night. On Wednesday, 17, we set out before
day; but found it bad travelling, there being no path to be
seen, neither footstep of man or beast. However, in four or
five hours, we reached Abergavenny; and Brecknock before
three in the afternoon.
Our landlady here almost forced us to take a guide. And
it was extremely well she did; for the snow had so entirely
covered the roads, that our guide himself mistook the way
more than once. So that if he had not been with us, we
should, without doubt, have lodged upon the mountains.
I preached in the evening at Builth, and at noon the next
day; at Garth in the evening, and twice on Friday.
Sat. 20.-I preached in Maesmennys church in the after-
noon; at Garth morning and evening.
Feb. 1748.] JOURNAL. 85
Sun. 21.-I preached in the morning in Lanzunfried
church. The service at Builth was not over till past two;
I then began in the churchyard, notwithstanding the north-
east wind, to call sinners to repentance. More than all the
town were gathered together in that pleasant vale, and made
the woods and mountains echo while they sung,
Ye mountains and vales, In praises abound;
Ye hills and ye dales, Continue the sound;
Break forth into singing, Ye trees of the wood;
For Jesus isbringing Lost sinners to God.
In the evening I preached again at Garth, and on Monday,
22, at five in the morning. A little before sun-rise we took
horse, it being a clear, sharp frost. We had waited four days
in hopes the snow would melt, fearing the drifts of it would lie
deep upon the mountains, particularly as we journeyed north-
ward; but quite contrary to our expectation, the farther
northward we went, the less snow we found, so that it scarce
hindered us after the first day. About eleven we came to
Llanidlocs. At the earnest request of one who lived there, I
preached at noon in the market-place, to such a congregation
as no one could expect at an hour's warning.
It was as much as we could do to reach Machynlleth that
night. It snowed again from about midnight till morning; so
that no path was to be seen for several miles. However, we
found our way to Tannabull, and passed the sands in the
afternoon, being determined to reach Carnarvon, if possible.
And so we did, notwithstanding my horse's losing a shoe; but
not till between nine and ten at night.
Wed. 24.-We hastened on to Holyhead; but all the ships
were on the other side.
Thur. 25.-No packet-boat being come, I gave notice of
preaching in the evening. The hearers were many more than
the room could contain, and they all behaved with decency.
Fri. 26.-I preached again in the evening. Mr. E., the
Minister, came in towards the close. He was speaking warmly
to our landlord, when Mr. Swindells went to him, and spoke a
few mild words. Mr. E. asked him to step with him to his
lodgings, where they had a long and friendly conversation.
Sat. 27.-Mr. Swindells informed me, that Mr. E. would
take it a favour if I would write some little thing, to advise the
Methodists not to leave the Church, and not to rail at their
Ministers. I sat down immediately and wrote, "A Word
REV. J. WESLEY'S
to a Methodist," which Mr. E. translated into Welsh, and
Sun. 28.-In the evening I read Prayers at our inn, and
preached to a large and serious audience. I did the same on
Monday and Tuesday evening. Perhaps our stay here may
not be in vain.
I never knew men make such poor, lame excuses, as these
Captains did for not sailing. It put me in mind of the
There are, if rightly I methink,
Five causes why a man should drink;
which, with a little alteration, would just suit them :-
There are, unless my memory fail,
Five causes why we should not sail:
The fog is thick; the wind is high;
It rains; or may do by-and-hy;
Or-any other reason why.
Wed. MARCH 2.-Finding no more probability of sailing
now than the first day we came to Holyhead, we rode into
the country, to see for Mr. William Jones, who had some
acquaintance with my brother. We procured a guide to show
us the way to his house; but all we learned there was, that
he was not at home. We lodged at the Bull's head: All
the family came up to prayers, and we had a quiet and
Thur. 3.-M-r. Holloway, a neighboring Exciseman,
invited us to breakfast with him. He once began to run well;
and now resolved to set out afresh: I trust we were sent to
him for good.
His wife bitterly opposed this way, till, one day, as she was
sitting in her house, a flash of lightning killed a cat which sat
just by her, and struck her to the earth, scorching her flesh in
many parts, and yet not at all singeing her clothes. When
she came to herself, she could not but acknowledge the loud
call of God: But her seriousness did not continue long; her
acquaintance soon laughed her out of it.
Yet God called her again, in dreams and visions of the
night. She thought she was standing in the open air, when
one appeared in the clouds exceeding glorious, above the
brightness of the sun: She soon after saw a second, and then
a third. One had a kind of spear in his hand; the second,
a besom, wherewith he was going to sweep the earth; the
third, an hour-glass, as though the time was short. This so
deeply affected her, that she began from that time, to seek
God with her whole heart.
At noon we went to Mr. Morgan's, where I lodged in
August last. About two we met Mr. Jones and Mr. Williams,
a Clergyman from South Wales, at Ryd-y-Spardon. After
Mr. W. had preached in Welsh, I preached in English.
Many understood me, and felt the power of God.
Fri. 4.-We went to Llandaniel, a mile or two from Baldon-
Ferry. Here again Mr. W. preached in Welsh, and I in
English. I was much pleased with this loving, artless people,
and readily complied with their request, of preaching again in
Sat. 5.-At two I preached at Ryd-y-Spardon, to a little,
earnest company, who were ready to devour every word. We
spent the evening very agreeably with Mr. Jones, at Trefollwin.
Sun. 6.-We went to Langefnye church, though we under-
stood little of what we heard. O what a heavy curse was the
confusion of tongues! And how grievous are the effects
of it All the birds of the air, all the beasts of the field,
understand the language of their own species. Man only is
a barbarian to man, unintelligible to his own brethren !
In the afternoon I preached at Llanfehengel, about six
miles south-west of Llangefnye. I have not seen a people
so deeply affected since we came into Anglesey; their cries
and tears continued a long time without anyintermission.
O that we could declare to them, in their own tongue, the
wonderful works of God!
In the evening I preached at Llanygorse. When I had
done, Mr. Jones repeated in Welsh, (as he. likewise did in
the afternoon,) the substance of what I had said. The next
morning we returned to Holyhead, and found there all the
packet-boats which we had left.
I was determined not to stay another day at an inn; so in
the afternoon I took a lodging in a private house, not a bow-
shot distant from the town, and removed thither without delay.
My congregation this evening was larger than ever; and
several of the Gentry agreed to come the next, but it was a little
too late; for at midnight the wind became fair, and before one
we sailed out of the harbour.
Tues. 8.-Having a gentle gale, it soon lulled me fast
REV. J. WESLEY'S
asleep. I was waked before five by a violent storm: This
continued two or three hours longer, and left us within
sight of Howth, with a small breeze, which brought us to the
Black-Rock about four in the afternoon.
We hired horses here, and rode to Dublin; Mr. Meriton,
Swindells, and I. We came to our House, in Cork-Street,
(vulgarly called Dolphin's barn-lane,) while my brother was
meeting the society. But it was some time before my voice
could be heard for the noise of the people, shouting and
praising God. The remaining days of the week, I despatched
all the business I could, and settled with my brother all
things relating to the work.
Sun. 13.-My brother preached both morning and evening,
expecting to sail at night. But before night the wind turned
full east, and so continued all the week.
Mon. 14.-I began preaching at five in the morning;-an
unheard-of thing in Ireland. I expounded part of the first
chapter of the Acts; which I purpose, God willing, to go
through in order.
Wed. 16.-I inquired into the state of the society. Most
pompous accounts had been sent me, from time to time, of the
great numbers that were added to it; so that I confidently
expected to find therein six or seven hundred members. And
how is the real fact? I left three hundred and ninety-four
members; and I doubt if there are now three hundred and
Let this be a warning to us all, how we give in to that
hateful custom of painting things beyond the life. Let us
make a conscience of magnifying or exaggerating any thing.
Let us rather speak under, than above, the truth. We, of
all men, should be punctual in all we say; that none of our
words may fall to the ground.
Sun. 20.-I preached at eight, on Oxmantown-Green. We
expected noise; but there was none: The whole congregation
was as quiet and still as that in Bristol or London.
In the afternoon my brother embarked. JI preached about
three in Marlborough-Street; and in the evening, at our own
House, in Cork-Street.
Wed. 23.-I talked with a warm man, who was always very
zealous for the Church, when he was very drunk, and just able
to stammer out the Irish proverb, "No gown, no crown." He
was quickly convinced, that, whatever we were, he was himself
a child of the devil. We left him full of good resolutions,
which held several days.
I preached at Newgate at three; but found no stirring at
all among the dry bones.
Fri. 25.-I preached in Marlborough-Street at five, to the
largest congregation I have yet seen in a morning. At two I
began in Ship-Street, where were many of the rich and genteel.
I was exceeding weak in body, having been examining classes
all the day; but I felt it not after I had spoke two sentences.
I was strengthened both in body and soul.
I finished the classes the next day, and found them just
as I expected. I left three hundred and ninety-four persons
united together in August; I had now admitted between
twenty and thirty, who had offered themselves since my return
to Dublin; and the whole number was neither more nor less
than three hundred and ninety-six.
Sun. 27.-It rained most of the day, so that I was
constrained to preach in the house only; viz., at our own
House, morning and evening, and at Marlborough-Street in
Tues. 29.-I preached in Skinner's Alley, at five, to a large
and quiet congregation. I preached in Newgate at two, in
the Common Hall, the jailer refusing us the room where we
used to preach. But that is not the worst:-I see no fruit
of our labour.
Wed. 30.-I rode to Philip's Town, the shire-town of the
King's county. I was obliged to go into the street, which
was soon filled with those who flocked from every side; to
whom I declared Jesus Christ, our wisdom, righteousness,
sanctification, and redemption."
Thur. 31.-One would have dissuaded me from preaching
at five, being sure none would rise so soon. But I kept my
hour, and had a large and serious congregation. After
preaching I spoke severally to those of the society, of whom
forty were troopers. At noon I preached to (I think) the
largest congregation I had seen since I came from Builth.
God did then make a clear offer of eternal life to all the
inhabitants of Philip's Town. But how few retained these
good impressions one week; or would effectually come to
him that they might have life !
In the evening I preached at Tullamore, to most of the
inhabitants of the town. Abundance of them came again
REV. J. WESLEY'S
at five in the morning. But he that endureth to the end
shall be saved."
Fri. APRIL 1.-I preached at Clara, to a vast number of
well-behaved people; although some of them came in their
coaches, and were (I was informed) of the best quality in
the country. How few of these would have returned empty,
if they had heard the word of God, not out of curiosity
merely, but from a real desire to know and do his will!
In the evening I preached at Temple-Macqueteer, and again
at five in the morning. About one (Saturday, 2) we came to
Moat,-the pleasantest town I have yet seen in Ireland.
Here I preached to an handful of serious people, and then
hastened on to Athlone. At six I preached from the window
of an unfinished house, opposite to the Market-House, (which
would not have contained one-half of the congregation,) on,
"Ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ." I scarce
ever saw a better-behaved or more attentive congregation.
Indeed, so civil a people as the Irish in general, I never saw,
either in Europe or America.
Sun. 3.-I preached at five to, at least, three hundred
hearers. I walked from thence to see B poor woman that was
sick, about a mile from the town. About an hundred and fifty
people ran after me. After I had prayed with the sick person,
being unwilling so many people should go empty away, I chose
a smooth, grassy place, near the road, where we all kneeled
down to prayer; after which we sung a psalm, and I gave them
a short exhortation. At eleven we went to church, and heard a
plain, useful sermon. At two I preached on the Connaught
side of the bridge, where there are only (they informed me) five
or six families of Protestants. Such a company of people (many
said) had never before been seen at Athlone; many coming
from all the country round, and (for the present) receiving the
word with joy. I preached again, at six, in the same place, and
to nearly the same (only a little larger) congregation; the
greater part whereof (notwithstanding the prohibition of their
Priests) I afterward found were Papists.
Mon. 4.-I preached once more at five, and a great part
of the congregation was in tears. Indeed almost all the
town appeared to be moved, full of good-will and desires of
salvation. But the waters spread too wide to be deep. I
found not one under any strong conviction; much less had
any one attained the knowledge of salvation, in hearing
Above thirty sermons. So that, as yet, no judgment could be
formed of the future work of God in this place.
I took horse at ten, and about twelve preached at Moat,
to a little larger congregation than before. I could not but
observe the zeal of these young disciples. They were
vehemently angry at a man's throwing a cabbage-stalk. Let
them keep their courage till they see such a sight as that at
Walsal or Shepton.
In the evening I preached at Tyrrel's Pass, and found
great enlargement of heart. But when the society met, I
was quite exhausted; so that I dismissed them after a short
Tues. 5.-Our Room was filled at five. After preaching I
examined the classes. I found a surprising openness among
them. When I asked one in particular, how he had lived in
time past; he spread abroad his hands, and said, with many
tears, Here I stand, a grey-headed monster of all manner of
wickedness;" which, I verily believe, had it been desired, he
would have explained before them all. Much in the same
manner spoke one who came from Connaught; but with huge
affliction and dismay. We determined to wrestle with God in
her behalf; which we did for above an hour: And he heard
the prayer; so that her soul was filled with joy unspeakable.
Mr. Jonathan Handy, greatly sorrowing before, was also now
enabled to rejoice in God; and four other persons were cut
to the heart, and cried aloud to Him that is mighty to save.
WI/ed. 6.-I baptized seven persons educated among the
Quakers. In the afternoon we rode to Philip's Town; but
the scene was changed. The curiosity of the people was
satisfied; and few of them cared to hear any more.
As soon as I mounted my horse, he began to snort aid
run backward without any visible cause. One whipped him
behind, and I before; but it profited nothing. He leaped
to and fro, from side to side, till he came over against a
gateway, into which he ran backward, and tumbled head over
heels. I rose unhurt. He then went on quietly.
At Tullamore, in the evening, well nigh all the town, rich
and poor, were gathered together. I used great plainness of
speech, in applying those words, "All have sinned, and come
short of the glory of God." The next day, being Good-
Friday, I preached at five to a large and serious congre-
gation. Between one and two I preached at Clara, and then
REV. J. WESLEY'S
rode to Athlone. I preached at six, on, "Ought not Christ
to have suffered these things, and after that to enter into his
glory?" So general a drawing I never knew among any
people; so that, as yet, none even seems to oppose the truth.
Sat. 9.-I preached in Connaught, a few miles from
Athlone. Many heard; but, I doubt, felt nothing.
The Shannon comes within a mile of the house where I
preached. I think there is not such another river in Europe:
It is here ten or twelve miles over, though scarce thirty miles
from its fountain-head. There are many islands in it, once
well inhabited, but now mostly desolate. In almost every one
is the ruins of a church : In one, the remains of no less
than seven. I fear, God hath still a controversy with this
land, because it is defiled with blood.
APRIL 10.-(Easter-Day.) Never was such a congregation
seen before at the sacrament in Athlone. I preached at three.
Abundance of Papists flocked to hear; so that the Priest,
seeing his command did not avail, came in person at six, and
drove them away before him like a flock of sheep.
Mon. 11.-I preached, at five, the terrors of the Lord, in the
strongest manner I was able. But still they who are ready to
eat up every word, do not appear to digest any part of it.
In the evening there appeared more emotion in the
congregation than ever I had seen before. But it was in
a manner I never saw; not in one here and there, but in all.
Perhaps God is working here in a way we have not known,
going on with a slow and even motion through the whole
body of the people, that they may all remember themselves
and be turned unto the Lord.
Tues. 12.-I rode to Clara, where I was quickly informed,
that there was to begin in an hour's time a famous cockfight,
to which almost all the country was coming from every side.
Hoping to engage some part of them in a better employ, I
began preaching in the street, as soon as possible. One or
two hundred stopped, and listened awhile, and pulled off their
hats, and forgot their diversion.
The congregation at Tullamore in the evening was larger
than ever before, and deep attention sat on every face.
Toward the latter end of the sermon, there began a violent
storm of hail. I desired the people to cover their heads; but
the greater part of them would not; nor did any one go
away till I concluded my discourse.
Wed. 13.-I preached in the evening at Tyrrel's Pass.
The congregation here also was larger than ever; and the
word of God seemed to take deeper root here than in any
other part of this country.
Thur. 14.-The House was full at five. In the evening,
many of the neighboring Gentlemen were present, but none
mocked. That is not the custom here; all attend to what is
spoken in the name of God; they do not understand the
making sport with sacred things; so that whether they
approve or no, they behave with seriousness.
Fri. 15.-I rode to Edinderry. Abundance of people
were quickly gathered together. Having been disturbed in
the night by Mr. Swindells, who lay with me, and had a
kind of apoplectic fit, I was not at all well about noon, when
I began to preach, in a large walk, on one side of the town,
and the sun shone hot upon my head, which had been
aching all the day; but I forgot this before I had spoken long;
and when I had finished my discourse, I left all my weariness
and pain behind, and rode on, in perfect health, to Dublin.
Sat. 16.-I found great reason to praise God for the work
wrought among the people in my absence. But still there
is no such work as I look for. 1 see nothing yet but drops
before a shower.
Sun. 17.-I preached at Skinner's Alley, both morning and
evening. About four I went to St. Luke's church, being very
near us. When I came out, I had a large attendance, even
in the churchyard, hallooing and calling names. I am much
mistaken, if many of the warmest zealots for the Church
would ever come within the doors, if they were thus to run
the gauntlet every time they came. Would they not rather
sleep in a whole skin?
Wed. 20.-I spent an agreeable hour with Mr. Miller, the
Lutheran Minister. From him I learned that the earnest
religion which I found in so many parts of Germany is but
of late date, having taken its rise from one man, August
Herman Francke! So can God, if it pleaseth him, enable
one man to revive his work throughout a whole nation.
Sat. 23.-I read, some hours, an extremely dull book, Sir
James Ware's "Antiquities of Ireland." By the vast number
of ruins which are seen in all parts, I had always suspected
what he shows at large, namely, that in ancient times it was
more populous, tenfold, than it is now; many that were
REV. J. WESLEY'S
large cities, being now ruinous heaps; many shrui k into
I visited one in the afternoon who was ill of a fever, and
lay in a very close room. While I was near him, I found
myself not well. After my return home, I felt my stomach
out of order. But I imagined it was not worth any notice,
and would pass off before the morning.
Sun. 24.-I preached at Skinner's Alley at five; and on
Oxmantown-Green at eight. I was weak in body, but was
greatly revived by the seriousness and earnestness of the
congregation. Resolving to improve the opportunity, I
gave notice of preaching there again in the afternoon; which
I did to a congregation much more numerous, and equally
attentive. As I came home I was glad to lie down, having
a quinsy, attended with a fever. However, when the society
met, I made a shift to creep in among them. Immediately
my voice was restored. I spoke without pain, for near an
hour together. And great was our rejoicing over each other;
knowing that God would order all things well.
Mon. 25.-Finding my fever greatly increased, I judged it
would be best to keep my bed, and to live awhile on apples
and apple-tea. On Tuesday, I was quite well, and should
have preached, but that Dr. Rutty (who had been with me
twice) insisted on my resting for a time.
I read to-day what is accounted the most correct history of
St. Patrick that is extant; and, on the maturest consideration,
I was much inclined to believe, that St. Patrick and St. George
were of one family. The whole story smells strong of romance.
To touch only on a few particulars :-I object to his first setting
out: The Bishop of Rome had no such power in the beginning
of the fifth century as this account supposes; nor would his
uncle, the Bishop of Tours, have sent him in that age to Rome
for a commission to convert Ireland, having himself as much
authority over that land as any Italian Bishop whatever. Again,
if God had sent him thither, he would not so long have buried
his talent in the earth. I never heard before of an Apostle
sleeping thirty-five years, and beginning to preach at three-
score. But his success staggers me the most of all: No blood
of the Martyrs is here; no reproach, no scandal of the Cross;
no persecution to those that will live godly. Nothing is to be
heard of, from the beginning to the end, but Kings, nobles,
warriors, bowing down before him. Thousands are converted,
without any opposition at all; twelve thousand at one sermon.
If these things were so, either there was then no devil in the
world, or St. Patrick did not preach the Gospel of Christ.
Wed. 27.-In the evening I read the letters; my voice
being weak, but I believe audible. As I was reading one
from S. G., a young woman dropped down' and cried out
exceedingly; but in a few minutes her sorrow was turned
into joy, and her mourning into praise.
Thursday, 28, was the day fixed for my going into the
country: But all about me began to cry out, "Sure, you will
not go to-day ? See how the rain pours down!" I told them,
I must keep my word, if possible." But before five, the man
of whom I had bespoke an horse sent word, his horse should not
go out in such a day. I sent one who brought him to a better
mind. So about six I took horse. About nine I called at
Killcock: The old landlord was ill of the gout, and his wife
of a complication of distempers: But when I told her, "The
Lord loveth whom he chasteneth, and all these are tokens of
his love," she burst out, "O Lord, I offer thee all my suffer-
ings, my pain, my sickness! If thou loves me, it is enough.
Here I am: Take me, and do with me what thou wilt."
Between one and two we came to Kinnegad. My strength
was now pretty well exhausted; so that when we mounted
again, after resting an hour, it was as much as I could do to
sit my horse. We had near eleven Irish (measured) miles to
ride, which are equal to fourteen English. I got over them
pretty well in three hours, and by six reached Tyrrel's Pass.
At seven I recovered my strength, so as to preach and meet
the society; which began now to be at a stand, with regard
to number, but not with regard to the grace of God.
Fri. 29.-I rode to Temple-Macqueteer, and thence toward
Athlone. We came at least an hour before we were expected.
Nevertheless we were met by many of our brethren. The first
I saw about two miles from the town, were a dozen little boys
running with all their might, some bare-headed, some bare-
footed and bare-legged: So they had their desire of speaking
to me first, the others being still behind.
Sat. 30.-I found the roaring lion began to shake himself
here also. Some Papists, and two or three good Protestant
families, were cordially joined together, to oppose the work of
God; but they durst not yet do it openly, the stream running
so strong against them.
REV. J. WESLEY'S
Sun. MAY 1.-Great part of the town was present at five,
and, I found, began to feel what was spoken. Yet still the
impression is not made, as in other places, on one here and
there only; but the main body of the hearers seem to go on
together with an even pace.
About two I preached on the Connaught side of the bridge,
to an attentive multitude both of Protestants and Papists,
whose Priest, perceiving he profited nothing, at five came
himself. I preached on, "Is there no balm in Gilead?"
and could not help applying to the Papists in particular.
I am satisfied many of them were almost persuaded to give
themselves up to the great Physician of souls.
Tues. 3.-I rode to Birr, twenty miles from Athlone, and,
the key of the Sessions-House not being to be found, declared
"the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ" in the street, to a dull,
rude, senseless multitude. Many laughed the greater part of
the time. Some went away just in the middle of a sentence.
And yet when one cried out, (a Carmelite Friar, Clerk to the
Priest,) "You lie! you lie!" the zealous Protestants cried
out, "Knock him down:" And it was no sooner said than
done. I saw some bustle, but knew not what was the matter,
till the whole was over.
In the evening we rode to Balliboy. There being no house
that could contain the congregation, I preached here also
in the street. I was afraid, in a new place, there would
be but few in the morning; but there was a considerable
number, and such a blessing as I had scarce found since I
landed in Ireland.
Wed. 4.-I rode to Clara, and preached to a small company,
who were not afraid of a stormy day. I spent half an hour
after sermon with a few serious people, and then rode to
One who looks on the common Irish cabins, might imagine
Saturn still reigned here:-
Cum frigida parvas
Prceberet spelunca domos; ignemque laremque,
Et pecus et dominos, communi clauderet nmrbr.*
Communi umbrd indeed: For no light can come into the
earth or straw-built cavern, on the master and his cattle, but
at one hole; which is both window, chimney, and door.
The narrow cave a cold retreat affords,
And beasts and men screens with one common shade.
In the evening I preached to a large, quiet congregation;
though not so large as the last.
Thur. 5.-Though my flux continually increased, (which
was caused by my eating a bad egg at Birr,) yet I was unwill-
ing to break my word, and so made shift to ride in the after-
noon to Mountmelick. I had not seen such a congregation
before since I set out from Dublin: And the greater part did
not stand like stocks and stones; but seemed to understand
what I spake of worshipping God "in spirit and in truth."
Fri. 6.-More people came at five than I had seen at that
hour in any part of Ireland : And I found my heart so moved
towards them, that, in spite of weakness and pain, I enforced,
for more than an hour, those solemn words, "The kingdom
of God is at hand : Repent ye, and believe the Gospel."
Hence I rode to Philip's Town,-a poor, dry, barren, place;
I pray God the first may not be last.
Sat. 7.-I set out in the morning, and after resting two
hours at Tullamore, and two or three more at Moat, I rode
on to Athlone, and preached at six, on, "He health them
that are broken in heart." I felt no weariness or pain till I
had done speaking; but then found I could not meet the
society, being ill able to walk the length of the room : But
God gave me refreshing sleep.
Sun. 8.-I preached at five, though I could not well stand.
I then set out for Aghrim, in the county of Galway, thirteen
Connaught (that is, Yorkshire) miles from Athlone. The
Morning Prayers (so called) began about twelve; after which
we had a warm sermon against enthusiasts. I could not have
come at a better time: For I began immediately after; and
all that were in the church, high and low, rich and poor,
stopped to hear me. In explaining the inward kingdom of
God, I had a fair occasion to consider what we had just
heard; and God renewed my strength, and, I trust, applied
his word to the hearts of most of the hearers.
Mr. S., a neighboring Justice of Peace, as soon as I had
done, desired me to dine with him. After dinner, I hastened
back to Athlone, and began preaching about six: Five
Clergymen were of the audience, and abundance of Romanists.
Such an opportunity I never had before in these parts.
Mon. 9.-Having not had an hour's sound sleep, from the
time I lay down till I rose, I was in doubt whether I could
preach or not: However, I went to the Market-place as
VOL. II. II