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Group Title: Watermelong and grape investigations laboratory mimeo report - University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station ; WGL 70-2
Title: Comparison of Vitis rotundifolia varieties and selections in Florida
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00076035/00001
 Material Information
Title: Comparison of Vitis rotundifolia varieties and selections in Florida
Series Title: Watermelong and grape investigations laboratory mimeo report - University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station ; WGL 70-2
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Balerdi, C. F.
Publisher: Watermelon and Grape Investigations Laboratory, University of Florida
Publication Date: 1970?
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States -- Florida
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00076035
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 129630589

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HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida











Comparison of Vitis rotundifolia varieties and selections in Florida.
Carlos F. Balerdi, Assistant Horticulturist, Watermelon and Grape
Investigations Laboratory, Leesburg, Florida.1

ABSTRACT

Varieties Southland, Chief, Magoon, Dulcet, Higgins, and
selections US 4, US 15, M1-2, Ga 23-35, and Ga 17-19 have produced
high to moderate yields. Most of the North Carolina selections
appear to have high yield potential but yield data is not available
since these selections fruited for the first time in 1968. Southland,
Magoon, Bountiful, Hunt, and 42-12B have good processing potential.

Some varieties and selections and the characteristics in which
they were outstanding are given below (see also Table 1). Berries
of Higgins, Southland, Topsail, Stuckey, Duplin, Ga 17-19, Ga 20-55,
Ga 23-35, US 15, NC 184-4, and NC 150-13 weighed over 5 grams.
Topsail, Dearing, M1-2, 42-12B, Ga 20-55, NC 115-180, and NC 88-102
had over 20% soluble solids. The titratable acidity of Thomas,
Higgins, Magnolia, Magoon, Yuga, Topsail, Stuckey, US 4, US 15,
Ml-1, Ca 20-55, and Ga 17-19 was 0.31% or lower. Topsail, Magoon,
Southland, Scuppernong, Cowart, Magnolia, Ga 17-19, Ga 20-55, Ga 28,
NC 88-102, NC 108-109, NC 115-180, and NC 276-108 had the best flavor.
Cercospora leaf spot caused defoliation in Roanoke, Magnolia,
NC 80-74, NC 115-180, NC 148-1, NC 287-5, NC 101-102, Ga 42-17,
Ga 23-35, Ga 23-61, and Ga 17-19.

Available data indicate that muscadines are adapted to Florida
conditions and that some varieties can be grown on a commercial
scale. Unfavorable factors and problems are drought from March to
May, possible freeze damage resulting from cultural practices that
tend to delay dormancy, drying of calyptras during bloom, and low
soil fertility.


1 A report given at the Grape Breeders Conference in Clarksville,
Arkansas on August 1, 1969.


HUME LIBRARY.

Mimeo Report WGL 70-2
100 Copies JUL 24 1972


I.F.A.S. Univ. of Florida




Table v.ine ana r)u' U cKiracteristlc3 of ,nasaThne.2 rr^ '-- r ____l____


Characteristics
Potential yield2

Color

No. berries
per cluster

Wt. per berry (gm)

Cercospora leaf spot3

Berry size, length/
width (cm)

No. seeds per
berry

Skin thickness (mm)
Wt. of 1/2" skin
disk (gm)

Ripeness %, August 1

Tenacity (gm)4

Soluble solids (%)

pH

Titratable acidity (%

Flavor5
Vigor2


C~hic'. _irt9~S


5.0

black

7.2
(5-10)

5.7

2.0

2.14/
2.05

3.3
(3-4)
0.80

0.11

42.7

166

16.1

3.0

)0.48

8.0

4.0


5.0

black

8.1
(5-14)

4.0

2.3

1.98/
1.81

3.6
(3-4)

0.78

0.10

14.4

133

15.8

2.8

0.56

7.5

5.0


0.15

4.5

338

14.6

3.3

0.30

7.0

5.0


Full bloom 5/17 5/25 5/17 5/15 5/16 5
1 Pistillate variety, other varieties are hermaphroditic.
2 Arbitrary scale: 1, poor; 3, moderate; 5, very high.
3 Arbitrary scale: 1, none; 3, moderate; 5, severe.
SFruit retention force: grams of pull required to detach fruit.
5 Arbitrary scale: 1. poor; 5, medium; 10, excellon


--


/17


Dulce
Dulcet-


Doaring Topsail


,Iac--,o-n :Iul' vi


Southland


nnd ._


3.0

pink

6.9
(3-17)

8.1

2.3

2.65/
2.30

1.7
(1-3)

0.83


4.0

black

6.0
(3-12)

3.6

3.0

1.87/
1.76

3.7
(3-4)

0.79

0.09

13.4

186

18.4

3.0

0.31

10.0

4.0


3.0

black

4.8
(2-10)

4.8

2.0

2.17/
1.94

3.0
(1-4)

0.67

0.07

68.8

266

16.0

3.1

0.40

7.0

5.0


3.0

black

5.9
(3-9)

3.3

3.0

1.87/
1.73

3.0
(2-4)

0.54

0.07

14.8

117

13.7

2.9

0.51

6.0

3.0


4.0

black

8.1
(3-16)

3.1

2.0

1.75/
1.60

2.6
(1-4)

0.75

0 .10

9.9

458

16.3

3.0

0.41

7.0

5.0

5/20


3.0

bronze

7.8
(4-11)

3.4

2.0

1.89/
1.74

3.4
(2-4)

0.78

0.10

0.0

160

21.0

3.0

0.39

8.0

4.0

5/27


1.0

bronze

4.6
(3-7)

6.1

1.0

2.15/
2.03

2.4
(1-4)

0.81

0.11

0.0



20.4

3.7

0.15

9.5

5.0

5/17


---- --/17


5/2




able 1. Continued :-in .rd_~!~ti .cl i n ct.? & is o .^.l.ldine grapes at es: urglorida


characteristicss
Potential yield


Thln as1


Albemar le


q.U


Ma nolia


4.U


oolor


No. berries
per cluster

Wt. per berry (gm)

Cercospora leaf spot3

Berry size, length/
width (cm)
No. seeds per
berry

Skin thickness (mm)

Wt. of 1/2" skin
disk (gm)

Ripeness %, August 1

Tenacity (gm)4

Soluble solids (%)


Titratable acidity (%)

Flavor5

Vigor2


black black


3.9

1.8


1.8/
1.8

3.2


0.66
0.10


167

18.8

3.3


0.30

6.0

5.0


4.1

2.0


1.9/
1.8


bronze


3.5


1.9/
1.9


3.6


0.72
0.12


226

18.3

3.2


0.61

6.0

4.0


0.59
0.11


black bronze


2.6

3.0


1.6/
1.5

2.4


0.51
0.08


269


18.4

3.2

0.27

8.0

3.0


15.0

2.7

1.21

2.0

5.0


4.0

2.5


1.8/
1.7

2.5


0.71

0.12


192

19.4


3.1


0.37

8.0

4.0


Full bloom 5/16 5/15 5/14 5/28 5/1
f Pistillate variety, other varieties are hermaphroditic.
Arbitrary scale: 1, poor; 3, moderate; 5, very high.
3 Arbitrary scale: 1, none; 3, moderate; 5, severe.
SFruit retention force: grams of pull required to detach: fruit.
Arbitrary scale: 1, poor, 5, medium; 10, excellent.


pink


9.2

2.0


2.6/
2.4

2.8


1.20

0.16


14.0


3.3


pink pink


4.4

1.0


5.2

1.0


1.9/ 2.0/
1.8 1.9


3.3


2.3


0.58 0.87

0.10 0.14


18.6 18.4


3.4


3.5


0.30 0.26


7.0

4.0
V- j- f


7.0

5.0


3.0


5 5/18 5/24
~
/16


Cr eki"


C.


Duplin'-


Yuga'


Stuckey


.


p-


S2 -0 2 0 1 0


3.0


S.U


.


3.0


j.u


r-




iTable 1. Continued. 7 4e and fruit hartic S t cmuchi a ,I e at Le s bur Floia.
Ga 20--. :o o-- "1. 0 -.
Characterist.. cs 4-- i; US I G! 28 Ga 232-35 2-1 a 17-19 NJC 10-109 N .115-180
Potential yield 5.0 5.0 5. 2.0 5.0 5. .0


Color


black black black black


bronze


pink


bronze


pink


No. berries
per cluster


Wt. per berry (gm)

Cercospora leaf spot3

Berry size, length/
width (cm)


3.2


2.0

1.7/
1.7


No. seeds per 2.8
berry


Skin thickness (mm)
Wt. of 1/2" skin
disk (gm)

Ripeness %, August 1

.Tenacity (gm)4

Soluble solids (%)


0.61

0.10


212


20.0


PH 2.9

Titratable acidity (%) 0.44


Flavor5
Vigor2


5.0
5.0


3.3

1.8/
1.7

3.0


3.8


2.0

1.8/
1.7

3.1


6.7

3.5

2.2/
2.1

3.6


0.72 0.49 0.77

0.09 0.10 0.13


152


170


243


16.6 19.2 16.9


3.1


3.3


3.3


0.31 0.37 0.39


7.5


8.0

5.0


7.0
5.0


Full bloom 5/17 5/16 5/13 517 il16 5/16 5/28 .-- 2
SPistillate variety, other varieties are hermachrodic" -c-.
2 Arbitrary scale: 1, poor; 3, moderate; 5, very high.
SArbitrary scale: 1, none; 3, moderate; 5, severe.
Fruit retention force: grams of pull required t.o each fruit.
5 Arbitrary scale; 1, poor- 5, medium;, .10,exllent


3.9

1.0

1.8/
1.7

3.3

0.55

0.10


3.5

3.5

1.7/
1.7
4.0


0.47

0.09


9.4

2.5

2.5/
2.3

1.2

1.04

0.14


545


24.3

3.6

0.25

9.0


6.7

5.0

2.2/
2.1

1.8

0.88


450


18.9

3.8

0.23

7.5


132


17.9

3.1

0.47

8.5


5.0


21.1

3.0

0.35

8.0

4.0




:able 1. nu fvu .t c-- trIc s- of m .scai, ,e ,_ ... a ,t ..ur c. .. ..

Characteristics 8 ___ 8c- i 8-1 384-4 150-13 M1-1 2 US .S 15 19
potentiall yield2 ..0 5.0 7.0 5.0 5.0 3.0 5.0 3. 40 4.0


Color


black black black pink


pink


bronze black


pink


-- 4.0
(3-5)


Wt. per berry (gm)

Cercospora leaf spot3

Berry size, length/
width (cm)


3.5

2.5


1.8/
1.7


No. seeds per 3.4
berry


Skin thickness (mm)
Wt. of 1/2" skin
disk (gm)

Ripeness %, August 1

Tenacity (gm)4

Soluble solids (%)

pH

Titratable acidity (%)
Ilavor5
Vigor2


3.6

3.5


4.1

3.5


1.7/ 1.8/
1.7 1.8


2.8


3.5


2.0

2.4/
2.3


3.1


5.0

2.5


2.0/
1.9


3.7


0.55 0.60 0.65 0.74 0.63

0.10 0.12 0.10 0.14 0.10


181


158


258


3.5

3.0


3.4
2.0


3.5

1.7


1.7/ 1.7/ 1.8/
1.6 1.7 1.7


3.7


3.8


black black


4.1
(3-7)

5.7

3.0

2.2/
2.1


3.0 3.6
(2-4) (3-4)


0.83 0.65 0.78 0.62

0.13 0.11 0.09 0.09


-- 251


17.2 16.1 16.1 16.3 18.7


2.7


0.58

5.0
4.0


2.8


2.9


3.4


3.1


0.56 0.38 0.34 0.37


-- 5.0


3.0


4.0


5.0
4.0


7.0
4.0


19.8 22.0 16.2 15.9


3.3


3.2


3.0


3.3


0.31 0.32 0.45 0.27


7.0
5.0


8.0


8.0


4.0 4.0


7.0
2.0


Full bloom 5/16 5/20 5/16 5/16 5/16 5/19 5/16 5/17 5/16 5/17
2 Pistillate variety, other varieties are hermaphroditic,
Arbitrary scale: 1, poor; 3, moderate; 5, very high.
3 Arbitrary scale: 1, none; 3, moderate; 5, severe,
SFruit retention force: grams of pull requircp to .detach fruit.
5 Arbitrary scale: 1, poor; 5, medium; 10. excecilent.


4.0
(2-5)

3.8

1.3

1.9/
1.8

3.5
(3-4)

0.67

0.09


16.8

2.8

0.53
6.0

5.0




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