Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00060
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00060
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text

the florida


Volume 11, Number 4

MAY, 1960

In this issue.....



AG FAIR 1960




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"Chicks hatched 10 minutes from the airport"


P. O. Box 48-1005
Miami 48, Florida

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Kissimmee, Florida Phone Tllden 6-5603

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the florida

college farm

Volume 11, Number 4


Ag Fair-1960 -

Student Government Representativ

Tolerance Information Center ----.-

Mechanized Ag Newly Formed ---

Kelly Tapped by Blue Key -..--....

Fallout in Florida --

G. Dexter Sloan -----

Agriculture-Industry's Best Custom


Editor ...
Editorial Assistants ..

Business Manager ..
Circulation Manager
Circulation Assistants

Promotion Manager

Who are the biggest gamblers in the world?
Card sharks stock market speculators second
story men. Opinion may vary, but we think there is
someone else who makes them all look like amateurs.
And that someone is the AMERICAN FARMER!
Why? Because to a greater or lesser extent, the profes-
Ier sional gamblers know the odds of the game they are
playing. But the average farmer is caught in a whirl-
May, 1960 wind of inflation, recession, rising costs and falling
prices, etc.
As soon as he gets adjusted to the prevailing situa-
tion the bouncing roulette ball of farm price and pol-
icy drops in another slot. It's no wonder the farmer's
4 sons and daughters head for more stable employment
to make a living.
es 6 And those of us who are looking forward to a ca-
reer in this "basic industry" of the American economy
S will step into a mess our best economists and politi-
cians can't clean up.
8 Some might say we asked for it. In a way, we are
"asking" for it-for the opportunity and even adven-
ture that lies ahead for the individuals who find the
right solution. Somewhere there is a suitable combina-
10 tion of economic and social practicality to straighten
out agriculture.
.12 We, the producers, researchers and administrators
of tomorrow's agriculture will be searching for that
3 magic combination. The road to it will not be a
e r -------------------- 1n
smooth one, but full of trial and error.
But the challenge is there for the person having
ambition and education, and also quite a bit of that
Roderic Magie "gambling spirit." The rewards, monetary and other-
Wayne Smith wise, are waiting, just as sure as people will continue
nr., F-r-ne to consume food and fiber. R.G.M.

L.vI I I II I I.
Harold Stephens
...... ..-..-----------...-. Skip Stem
-................---------- Larry Hall
Dan Akins
......... ...-.. ..... Richard Kelly

Faculty Advisory Committee
Dr. Earl G. Rodgers, Dr. Ralph A. Eastwood

Cover: The lower picture shows two students enjoying
the beautiful grounds of the Ag College while studying
for final exams; the upper picture is of Miss Bonnie
Butler, Ag Fair Queen.

publication from the College of Agriculture of the Univer-
sity of Florida. It is compiled, edited, and distributed by
students of this college. It is the privilege of any ag stu-
dent to use this publication as a medium of expression. It
is the voice of the Florida agricultural student.

Entered as second class mailing matter at the Post Office at University
Station, Gainesville, Florida, December 8, 1938 under an Act of
Congress of 1879. Twenty-five cents per copy, dollar a year. Pub-
lished four times during the year: November, January, March, and
May. Address all correspondence to Florida College Farmer, Dan
McCarty Hall, Gainesville, Florida.
MAY, 1960

The 1960 Ag Fair and Career Day were a success.
This was evident by the six to eight thousand people
visiting the fair and the quality of exhibits they
The Career Day attracted some 75 boys with many
of them having to tread water in order to attend. Many
more were unable to attend because of the flooded
I feel a great deal of the success of the fair should
be credited to those who worked on the publicity for
the events. This year was probably the greatest local
and state-wide coverage the fair has ever obtained.
Many thanks should go to Mr. Francis Cooper and
his staff of Kip Orr, Hervey Sharpe, Jack MacAllister
and Bill Mitchell. Mr. Milton Plumb, Agricultural
Editor for the Tampa Tribune, gave us good coverage
and attended the Career Day and Fair in person. Har-
vey Goldstein did an excellent job of covering the
events for the Florida Alligator, while radio stations
WGGG & WRUF gave us many spot announcements.
Two eager freshman members of the publicity com-
mittee, Rick Allan and Jack Boyd also deserve credit.
Richard Kelly
Publicity Chairman

, (Below) Twelve lovely girls present a spectacular court for the 1960
Ag Queen.

) (Above) Winning Exhibit Sponsored by Mechanized Ag.

Bigger and Better-this is the motto
each year for the Ag Fair, and the 1960
edition lived up to this in every respect.
It left quite a challenge to the ingenuity
and imagination for the coming classes of
the College of Agriculture and School of
Something old (the poultry science
club's bar-b-q was as good as ever), some-
thing new (career day was really a well
planned kickoff), something borrowed
(Dr. Kinard was most cooperative in al-
lowing us to use Frazier Rogers Hall as
our fairgrounds), and something blue (the
rains were the only thing that prevented
career day from setting the world on
fire) all played a part. There really
wasn't any wedding, but it had the gaity
of one, with just the right amount of
everything to make it a wonderful time
for all.
As mentioned before, career day, the
newest innovation of the Ag Council,
and the College of Agriculture started
things off Friday morning. Fifty boys
attended from parts of the state. They
were informed, indoctrinated, and enter-
tained by such notables as Dean Brooker,
Provost Fifield, Director Watkins, and
Dean Hale. Then they were feted to a
chicken dinner at the livestock pavilion
by the poultry science club.
Later that afternoon they returned to
Dan McCarty auditorium for the Ag
Fair Queen Contest, sponsored by Alpha
Tau Alpha. After many enjoyable and
tense moments, Miss Bonnie Butler was
selected from a group of 12 beautiful
and talented young ladies. It was a won-
derful contest and all the girls are to be
congratulated for most enjoyable show.

That evening the fair got off to a swell
start with a good crowd and no more
rain. The judges had been through that
morning, and their decision on the top
three exhibits had been announced.
The newly revived Mechanized Agri-
culture Club came through in fine style
for their first year by taking first prize.
They had something for all to enjoy, with
the main theme being the evolution of
farm machinery from the past through
the future.
A.S.A. came in a close second with
their usual fine exhibit. This year it was
based primarily on scientific agriculture
in field crops and soils. They also spon-
sored the commercial exhibit by the
Dupont Company.
The Block and Bridle Club, in third
place, gave a good picture of the chang-
ing type of beef cattle and what to ex-
pect in the coming years. They also spon-
sored, in conjunction with the Animal
Husbandry Department, the American
Breeders commercial exhibit.
The rest of the clubs came in fourth,
and a close fourth at that. Dairy science
presented a display on artificial breeding,
along with an exhibit of the equipment
required. They also ran a refreshment
booth with dairy products as the main
course, naturally.
The 4-H Club exhibited a pictorial on
the purpose and aims of their organiza-
tion. The Ag Economics Club and the
Ag Economics Department gave some in-

teresting highlights on economics in Flor-
ida agriculture.
The Vegetable Crops Department pre-
sented a booth with the scientific and
economic pictures of the vegetable in-
dustry and many of its processes.
The Citrus Club, Fruit Crops Depart-
ment, and the Florida Citrus Commission
presented a fine display with the story of
the citrus tree and a mock outlay of a
citrus operation.
The newest of the Ag Council clubs,
The Botany Club, showed the space ship
of the future and its food source. (As-
tronauts had best learn to like algae.)
Nearby, the Thyrsus Club had a beauti-
ful array of flowers, with some for sale.
The Commercial Flood Control exhibit
and The Florida College Farmer display
table were in this same general area.
Forestry gave the folks a touch of wild-
life of our state and how the forests pro-
tect them. Buckeye Cellulose Company
showed the versatility of forest products.
And speaking of wildlife, the Poultry
Science Club had the strangest of the ex-
hibits with all sorts of exotic fowl. They
sponsored a booth by the Florida Hatch-
ery and Breeders Association.
FFA, ATA, and the Vocational Agri-
culture Department combined forces to
present an interesting exhibit on the
choices of a young man when deciding
whether to attend college or not. They
sponsored the Pinecrest FFA Chapter
and St. Regis Paper Co.





--SS.V-S S_ -cr I

C i IB ---E D F, f-IM 1"

FAIR '60

H..-_ -mi ----





The State Plant Board had a trailer
display on nematode pests in Florida.
Alpha Zeta was represented with a re-
volving exhibit seen by all as they en-
tered this finest of University of Florida
Agriculture Fairs. Faculty members also
were represented by the Gamma Sigma
Delta display in full sight of all.
This about covers all the fourth place
displays; and surely with the interest and
enthusiasm that the 1960 fair generated,
the 1961 edition will be a sight to see.
The students of the College of Agricul-
ture will welcome you all.

MAY, 1960


1960 61









Recently, S. Alien Poole was elected
to serve the University of Florida as vice-
president for 1960-61. This is another
example where a man in agriculture be-
comes a student leader. Allen is a senior
in Agricultural Education with a co-ma-
jor in Agricultural Economics.
A true Floridian, he was born and
reared in the central part of the state.
He was graduated from Lakeview High
School where he was active in his FFA
chapter and other school activities. Upon
graduation in 1951, Allen worked as an
inspector in the citrus industry.
Allen married the former Carol An-
thony of Illinois in 1954. Soon after, he
entered the Navy and joined the sub-
marine service, where he attained the
rank of 2nd Class Petty Officer. Allen
and Carol have two children, Brent, aged
four, and Brenda, five months.
When he entered the University in
January of 1957, Allen thought his only
concern was for academic affairs. Cir-
cumstances proved different, for he soon

became active in student activities.
Allen has served as president and sec-
retary of Alpha Tau Alpha, agricultural
teachers honorary fraternity. Through
leadership and scholarship, he became a
member of Alpha Zeta, honorary agri-
cultural fraternity. As a member of this
organization, Allen is in charge of speech
preparation for the Agricultural Speak-
ers' Bureau. He also was chairman of the
Alpha Zeta Homecoming Reception Com-
mittee for 1959.
Allen has also been active in the Col-
legiate FFA chapter. In this organiza-
tion, he was chairman of the Agricultural
Fair exhibit and the State FFA display
shown in the greater Jacksonville Fair.
Allen also has been an active member
in the Student Agricultural Council. He
served the council as treasurer and in-
troduced the proposal of an Agricultural
Convocaton and headed the committee
that presented the College with its first
In 1959, Allen was elected to serve on
the student body Executive Council rep-
resenting the Colleges of Agriculture. He
was appointed chairman of the student
housing committee and the president of
the student body often commended him
for the smooth functioning of his com-
mittee. In the spring semester, his leader-
ship was again put to use when Allen was
appointed minority floor leader.
Even though Allen has been active in
extra-curricula affairs, he has been able
to maintain an honor point average of
3.6. In recognition of his scholastic
ability, Allen received a Sears, Roebuck
Scholarship and recently was initiated
into Gamma Sigma Delta, the national
honor society for agriculture.
When asked about his outlook on agri-
culture and our College, he stated, "to me
the future for agriculture is bright for all
who are truly devoted to the field." Fur-
ther, he said, "we need to create a greater
sense of pride in our profession so one
will proudly inform others he has a de-
gree in agriculture."
Allen, now 26 years old, graduates in
June and will pursue graduate study in
Agricultural Economics. He has been a
student assistant in the economic's de-
partment for two and one-half years.

Executive Council

Bill is a junior in the College of Agri-
culture and hails from Ocala, Florida.
He is majoring in Poultry Science.
In high school, Bill was an outstanding
4-H club member. In 1956, he was on
the first place National Poultry Judging
Team representing Florida. In 1957, he
was an officer in the state organization.
Bill was in the Key Club, and played
football and baseball.
Bill came here in 1957 and is proving
himself as a scholar and leader in campus
activities. He received several scholar-
ships and this fall he received the honor
of being given the Alpha Zeta outstand-
ing freshman-sophomore award.
Bill is a member of Poultry Science,
Block & Bridle, Alpha Zeta. His social
fraternity is Delta Tau Delta. In addition
to these activities, Bill has worked as a
student assistant in the Poultry Depart-
ment since his freshman year.
Bill is married to the former Pat Mc-
Laughlin of Fairfield, Florida. When
asked about future plans, Bill expressed
a desire to pursue graduate study in the
area of Poultry Science.







Austin is from San Mateo, Florida,
and an honor graduate of Palatka High
School. In high school, Austin demon-
strated his abilities as a leader by serv-
ing as student body president, and presi-
dent of both his local 4-H Club and F.
F.A. Chapter.
Austin distinguished himself through
his 4-H activities. He was winner of the
Florida 4-H Beef Breeding Contest and
recipient of his county 4-H trip to St.
Louis, Missouri. In keeping with his win-
ning ways, Austin won the 4-H leader-
ship contest and a trip to the national
4-H club conference in Washington, D.C.
in 1957. In 1957, he served as State 4-H
club treasurer and in 1958 he was elected
State President.

Dr. John W. Sites has been named
Associate Director of the University of
Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations,
succeeding Dr. Roger W. Bledsoe, who
died January 24.
His appointment was approved by the
State Budget Commission and State
Board of Control, following recom-
mendation by President J. Wayne Reitz,
Provost Willard M. Fifield and Director
J. R. Beckenbach.

Austin entered the University of Flor-
ida in 1957 and is a major in Animal
Husbandry. He is a member of Phi Delta
Theta social fraternity and has been se-
lected for membership into Alpha Zeta,
agricultural honorary fraternity. Austin
also is a member of the Block and Bridle
Club and has served this year as pledge-
Austin presently is a junior and is tak-
ing advanced AFROTC, where his leader-
ship and scholarship has earned him
membership in the Arnold Air Society.
In 1959, Austin was on the meats
judging team and this year he is a mem-
ber of the livestock judging team which
represents the University of Florida in
judging contests throughout the nation.
When asked about his future plans,
Austin replied, "After graduation and
a tour with the Air Force, I plan to join
my father in farming and ranching."
MAY, 1960

Honor Court

The new Honor Court Justice from
the College of Agriculture is Kenneth R.
Henderson. Ken is a newcomer to our
state, but in a very short time, he has
made many friends. Ken is a major in
Agricultural Economics and plans to do
graduate study in that field upon comple-
tion of his undergraduate work.
Ken was born in Chicago, Illinois anl
lived in Peru and Wheaton, Illinois be-
fore moving to Washington, D. C. He
attended Bethesda Chevy Chase High
School and graduated in June 1956. In
high school, Ken found time to serve as
an officer in several school organizations
and coach for the YMCA.
Upon graduation from high school,
Ken came to Florida and took a job with
Florida Power and Light Company. In
the same year, he married the former
Susanne Garrison of Sarasota, Florida.
He and Mrs. Henderson have a son,
Gregory Bruce.
In September 1957, Ken came to the
University of Florida. While working
with the Machine Records Section of the
Registrar's office, Ken has found time for
extra-curricula activities.
Ken is in advanced ROTC and is a
member of Scabbard and Blade, military
honorary organization. He is also Cap-
tain of the Florida Rifle team. In recog-
nition of his leadership and academic
qualities, Ken was selected into Alpha
Zeta, agricultural honorary fraternity.
Ken is Scribe of that organization and
chairman of the Agricultural Speakers
Bureau. He was chairman of the Agri-
cultural Fair Judging Committee for the
1960 Agricultural Fair.
These activities in which Ken has par-
ticipated show his determination to strive
for perfection. We think Ken has the
maturity and the ability to serve an im-
portant role in our college life.

J. W. Sites
Sites was Assistant Director of the
Experiment Stations from 1955 until
1957, when he became head of the fruit
crops department research, teaching, and
extension activities. Until a successor in
the department post is named, he will
continue to head it.
He came to the Florida Agricultural
Experiment Stations in 1942 as associate
horticulturist at the Citrus Station, Lake
A native of Syracuse, N. Y., he holds
three degrees from Ohio State Univer-
Before joining the Florida staff, he was
with the U. S. Department of Agriculture
Soil Conservation Service in Ohio. In
1946, the Ohio Horticulture Society
named him the outstanding horticulture
student at Ohio State University.
Sites has written many scientific papers
on the Florida citrus industry.
He is a member of Pi Alpha Xi hon-
orary fraternity, Alpha Gamma Rho
social fraternity, Sigma Xi scientific hon-
orary, Gamma Sigma Delta Honor So-
ciety of Agriculture, the American
Society for Horticultural Science, the
Florida State Horticultural Society, and
the Kiwanis Club.

Societyof Mechanized





To help keep all Florida agricultural
interests informed on current chemical
tolerance developments, the Florida Agri-
cultural Extension Service has established
an information center in Gainesville.
Director M. O. Watkins says the cen-
ter's purpose is to provide liasion and
coordinate distribution of all available in-
formation on pesticides, food additives,
and related agricultural chemicals from
sources including state and federal Food
and Drug Administrations, U. S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture agencies, experiment
stations, and other authoritative sources.
"The center will greatly intensify and
expand the educational work Extension
has been carrying on in this field," adds
the director.
Information on developments pertain-
ing to chemicals used by farmers, grow-
ers, packers, and processors will be made
available through county agricultural
agents, agricultural and related organiza-
tions throughout the state.
The center was recommended by the
Florida Conference Group which repre-
sents all segments of Florida agriculture
in matters related to chemical tolerances.
The Group was originally formed in 1950
because of a common interest in the field
of pesticide residues. University of Flor-
ida Provost for Agruiculture, W. M. Fi-
field, is chairman of the Group.
Pertinent information is sent by the
Extension Service to its county agents,
industry leaders, and their representa-
tives. Farmers and growers will receive
available information from industry
groups and county agents.
A committee of Extension specialists,
representing various commodity groups,
has been set up to assemble tolerance
information. This information is distri-

buted through their regular Extension
programs and the information center.
Members of the committee include Jack
McCown, citrus and sub-tropical fruit;
Mason Marvel, vegetables; J. R. Hender-
son, agronomy; Francis Wilson, orna-
mentals; Jim Pace, animal husbandry;
Howard Young, dairy; Julian Moore,
poultry; Dr. R. S. Mullin, plant patho-
logy; Dr. C. B. Plummer, veterinary; Jim
Brogdon, committee chairman, entomo-
logy; and F. E. Myers, administrative
Other authorities are ex-officio members
and will be called on as necessary. These
include Jack Thompson, director of the
State Food and Drug Laboratory; Dr.
William Grierson, chemist at the Citrus
Experiment Station; Dr. C. H. Van Mid-
delem, associate biochemist with the Ex-
periment Station's Food Technology De-
partment; and Clyde Madsen, U. S. Fish
and Wildlife Service.
Dr. Watkins emphasizes that in the
early stages information center personnel
will not be able to handle direct indi-
vidual inquiries or requests to be placed
on mailing lists.
Due to the complexity and frequent
changes, available information will be
distributed through the established chan-
nels only.

Ag. Newly Formed

The Society of Mechanized Agriculture
was organized in the College of Agri-
culture last semester. This society is open
to students enrolled in the Mechanized
Agriculture curriculum administered by
the Agricultural Engineering Department.
The name, Mechanized Agriculture.
may be new to some. However, it is bas-
ically the same as the previous agricul-
tural engineering curriculum. New courses
have been added and the old courses are
continually being revised to meet the
needs of a rapidly changing agriculture.
A student in Mechanized Agriculture
will receive broad training in selected
agricultural fields with special emphasis
on agricultural engineering subjects. In
addition, a student may take courses in
any particular field that will better train
him for his chosen line of work, such as
sales and service work with farm imple-
ment companies.
Each student is counseled and a course
of study is designed that will give him a
good foundation in agriculture and a
broad liberal education. The agricultural
industry requires individuals with techni-
cal background and well-developed per-
Continued on Page 9


3 6 ..E.. ...
SOUTH .: :-*.'
MAIN 'A i:nI




A February graduate in Agricultural
Education and presently a graduate stu-
dent in the College of Education, Richard
Kelly, of Inverness, Florida, was selected
in the spring tapping for Florida Blue
Key. This is the culmination of his ex-
tracurricular efforts at college, during
which he was elected, selected, and rec-
ognized for many activities.
In high school, Richard was active
in all major sports and was an outstand-
ing class leader. Success in FFA activi-
ties led to his election as State Secretary
in 1955.
In 1955, Richard entered the Universi-
ty of Florida. During his freshman year,
he made many tours over the state rep-
resenting the State FFA to businessmen
and community leaders.


Last semester, Richard served as Pro-
motion Manager of the Farmer, ex-officio
member of the Ag Council and publicity
chairman for the 1960 Ag Fair. He
served as a speaker trainer for the 1960
Florida Blue Key Speaker's Bureau.
Richard is married to the former Nell
Thomas of Inverness. When asked about
plans for the future, he was uncertain
at this time. We can be sure, however,
he will continue the fine record of leader-
ship and service he has begun while at
the University.

Mechanized Ag
Continued from Page 8
The importance of the mechanical as-
pects of agriculture and the need for men
with technical training is illustrated by
the size of the investments and expendi-
tures by farmers for equipment and faci-
lities. Capital investment to create one
agricultural job on a good family com-
mercial farm may be three or four times
as much as in American industry. A
major portion of the farm investment is
in machines, equipment, structures, water
management and other things in which
Mechanized Agriculture graduates are
especially interested.
A Mechanized Agriculture graduate
will find employment opportunities in
farm machinery sales and service, ir-
rigation equipment sales and service,
building equipment sales and promotion,
electric power use advising, and many
governmental agencies. Many other op-
portunities will present themselves be-
cause of the high demand for men with
this type background.
The Society of Mechanized Agricul-
ture, though newly organized, now has
fifteen members. The object of the So-
ciety is to encourage cultural, technical,
and professional development of Mechan-
ized Agricultural students. Any student
interested in this field is cordially invited
to meet with the Society.

S"chicks of the
highest degree"

In the fall of 1957, Richard joined Al-
pha Gamma Rho social fraternity. That
spring he was selected for membership in
Alpha Tau Alpha, honorary fraternity.
He then was elected to represent the Col-
lege of Agriculture in the student body
Executive Council. Other activities in-
cluded Circulation and Business Manager
of The Florida College Farmer.
At the end of his junior year, Richard
was awarded the Danforth Summer Fel-
lowship Award presented annually to the
outstanding junior in the College of Agri-
In 1958-59, he was elected as president
of the Student Agricultural Council. His
duties as president included general chair-
man of the Freshman Bar-B-Q, Turkey
Shoot, and the 1959 Ag Fair. He also
filled the presidencies of Collegiate Chap-
ter FFA and Alpha Tau Alpha during
the same period.
MAY, 1960

BOX 666





All of us are exposed to radioactivity
every day. Radiation comes from cosmic
rays and from the naturally occurring
radioactive isotopes such as potassium
40, carbon 14 and the transuranium ele-
ments. Radiation also comes from ele-
ments formed in nuclear explosions
which are spread over the world by at-
mospheric movement and are commonly
called fallout when they return to the
Everyone is interested in fallout be-
cause it represents a man-made source
of radioactivity. So far as future pro-
duction of this radioactive material is
concerned, it is subject to control, which
is our best hope for limiting the radio-
activity to which we are exposed.
Right now we are concerned with the
levels of fallout found in our food. A
knowledge of the level of radioactivity
present, in turn, will help us to evalu-
ate the effects of future nuclear detona-
tions and give us facts upon which to
base opinion and action with respect to
nuclear weapons testing.
Fallout does not occur in a uniform
pattern throughout the world. The fall-
out from explosions in the United States,
Russia, Australia and the Pacific Islands
follows rather definite patterns because
these explosions occur in a relatively
limited area. Because these testing areas
have been restricted, we can predict from
past testing for radioactivity that certain
areas will have more or less fallout than
others. About two-thirds of the fallout
from nuclear testing has occurred in the
Northern hemisphere.
Less Fallout in Florida
The North Temperate Zone is of partic-
ular interest to us. Florida on the south-
ern edge of this zone, because of its lo-
cation, has been subjected to less fallout
than some regions north of us. However,
there are other factors. Florida is sub-
jected to more rainfall, and fallout is ac-
celerated by rainfall. On the other hand,
heavy rainfall such as occurs in Florida
tends to insure that the radioactivity in
fallout is carried into the soil, is diluted
and consequently is less of a hazard.

Since then we have made continued
measurements of background. We have
observed that the 1959 background is
approximately twice that of 1943. This
level of background is very low and, ex-
cept for the fact that it indicates we do
have more radioactivity than earlier, is
not of any hazard to our people.
Milk is Easily Studied
Because of publicity given studies with
radioactivity in milk, we have been con-
cerned with that level. Milk was used to
measure radioactivity by the Atomic En-
ergy Commission and Public Health
Service not because it was a particularly
dangerous source, but because milk is
collected every day and comes to central



* .s,,s;...s. .$A-,.....5M --
1. Dairy cows with a high rate of calcium metabolism discrimi-
nate against strontium 90 so that the percent in milk is about
1/7th that in feed.
2. Since over 90 percent of strontium 90 in the bodies of animals
is in the composition of bone, meat is one of our best ways
to keep strontium 90 intake low.

Since nuclear residues are falling on
Florida, we should like to know how
much gets into our food and water. More
than a year has elapsed since the last
nuclear explosion, short-lived isotopes are
gone and strontium 90 and cesium 137
are the isotopes likely to remain. Because
of the low biological activity of cesium,
strontium 90 is the element of major con-
cern with respect to our food, feed and
In the Nutrition Laboratory of the
University of Florida Agricultural Ex-
periment Station we started making back-
ground counts to determine the level of
radioactivity, occurring naturally, in 1943
before the explosion of nuclear weapons.

* Dr. Davis is Chairman of the Sub-committee on Radiation Health Safety of the
Florida Nuclear Commission.

distribution points where sampling is a
simple procedure. It therefore provides
a rather constant collecting medium to
determine the radioactivity in any part of
the country.
New York State happens to be in one
of the main fallout belts of the country
because of the pattern of high altitude
winds. Consequently a great deal of test-
ing of radioactivity in milk has been car-
ried out there. In 1958 the activity in
milk averaged 5.9 million millionths of a
curie. Since the nuclear explosions were
stepped up in the last of 1958, it was an-
ticipated that the radioactivity might dou-
ble by the spring of 1958. There was an
increase, but by June 1959 the pattern
had been reversed and radioactivity in
milk has been dropping since.

Relatively few samples of milk from
Florida have been tested. The samples
which have been measured indicate that
Florida has had a lower level of radio-
activity in its milk than most of the coun-
There is a selective process going on
which tends to reduce the amount of
strontium 90 in our food products. Since
strontium follows the same general path-
ways as calcium, it has been discovered
that increasing the level of calcium per-
mits plants and animals to discriminate
selectively against strontium and in this
way reduce the amount of strontium 90
which may be present in our plants,
therefore our food products-and in our
animal food produces.
Lime Reduces Strontium
It has been observed that applying
limestone will reduce the amount of
strontium that plants pick up from the
soil. This would mean that plants that
normally have a good supply of calcium
will contain less strontium 90 per gram
than those plants which are low in cal-
cium if they are grown on the same soil
with the same levels of strontium. Many
of our vegetables, such as beans and
peas, and those that are normally grown
on more alkaline soil, will contain some-
what less strontium than products such
as our grains which tend to have less
calcium in their composition.
While there have been some so-called
"hot spots" and plants grown in these
areas have shown high levels of strontium
90, the overall production areas of food
plants have not shown high strontium 90
and are well below any conceivable dan-
ger level. Florida is in a somewhat ad-
vantageous position with respect to its
food products, not only because of the
geographical location but because the
products of so-called "hot spots" are
bound to be well "diluted" before they
reach our markets.
Cow Is Good Buffer
We are very much interested in the
effect of strontium fallout on our animal
food products. Of these, milk has been
of chief concern. Fortunately for us, the
cow is a good buffer between us and
radioactive isotopes which may fall on
our soils, because milk is a food rich in
calcium and with the high calcium metab-
olism of the cow there is a discrimina-
tion against strontium. Because of the
cow, milk will contain only 1/7th the
percentage of strontium that was in the
feed. The strontium that is present in
milk may be more digestible than that in
vegetables. On the other hand, the high
concentration of calcium in milk results
in the human exerting a discriminating
factor so that the actual level of stron-
tium deposited in bone is likely to be less
from milk than from other foods. All of
this adds up to a decision that milk re-
mains one of our best protective foods
in our effort to keep the strontium 90 of
our bodies at a low level.
MAY, 1960

An even better picture can be shown
for meat. This is because approximately
90 percent of strontium 90 in the diet of
meat animals, that is retained, will be de-
posited in their bones.
Eggs, too, are a protective food. The
very high level of calcium in the diet of
laying hens, and the fact that almost all
strontium 90 passed on to the egg will be
in the shell, guarantees that eggs as we
eat them will be low in fallout radioacti-
Eat Meat, Milk, Eggs
Although we are sure that eating meat
and milk and eggs is one of the best ways
to prevent strontium 90 getting into our
bodies, all of us must consume other
foods. Therefore we are interested to
know what our exposure to strontium
90 is likely to be in our normal lifetime.
All of the measurements to date indicate
that we are exposed normally, from na-
turally occurring sources of radioactivity,
to about 125 millirems per year. With
the highest intake of strontium 90 which
seems likely at present, the radioactivity
from strontium 90 would amount to
about 5 percent of the naturally occur-
ing radioactivity to which we are exposed
each year.
Everyone is concerned about the effects
of the radioactivity to which we are ex-
posed. We would like to know, is this
going to cause a higher incidence of can-

cer, and is it going to result in genetic
changes in our people in years to come?
Cancer Speculation
At present no one can say that the
levels of strontium 90 to which we have
been or are likely to be exposed, even
with continued nuclear testing, has re-
sulted in an increase in cancer. There has
been a great deal of speculation, based
on much higher levels of radiation ex-
posure. But there is increasing evidence
that there is a relationship to the rate of
dose as well as to the total amount of
radiation. The implication of this evi-
dence is that low dose rates are less
hazardous than high rates both genetical-
ly and in the development of cancer and
leukemia. This is still in the research
stage, however.
The overall picture with respect to fall-
out seems to be that we cannot escape
the results of previous testing of nuclear
weapons. If testing of nuclear weapons
is renewed, we will be anxious to have
it kept as restricted as possible so that we
will not have excessively high levels of
fallout. And finally recognizing that there
is fallout, we should know that our usual
good dietary habits of meat, milk, eggs,
vegetables and citrus are probably our
best protection against excessive accumu-
lation of the long-lived isotopes such as
strontium 90.



The Fertilizer geared
to specific Florida needs
and soil requirements

no more! F.F.F. Specializes in fertilizers for all
varieties of field crops, pasture grasses
and citrus groves.
fleet of 25 truck-and-trailer units
direct to point of consumption.

Phone MUtual 2-2153 P. 0. Box 912 LAKELAND, FLORIDA

This past November a group of Uni-
versity students visited the office and
plant of Superior Fertilizer and Chemical
Company at Tampa during a field trip
made as part of a course in Cooperative
Marketing. This was the home office and
Tampa plant of that cooperative organi-
zation. They also have a plant at Fort
This visit gave us a better picture of
the comprehensive and complex aspects
of the fertilizer and pesticide industries
in their efforts to serve all categories of
agricultural producers during this era
of high development in agricultural
Mr. G. Dexter Sloan, President of the
company, created such a favorable im-
pression that we decided to find out more
about him, and this article is the result.
During our visit at his office and plant
we were impressed by Mr. Sloan's inti-
mate knowledge of every phase of office
and factory operations; and by the cor-
diality that existed between him and his
associates, from his General Manager,
James S. Wood, throughout the entire
personnel down to the lowest man on the
totem pole. It is obvious to us that he
not only knew the details but that he al-
so kept up with everything and insisted
on thoroughness and accuracy. Repeated-
ly during our visit, Mr. Sloan commented
that his company, as a part of the ferti-
lizer and pesticide industries, had the
responsibility of serving growers, farm-
ers, cattlemen, dairymen, nurserymen,
and all other agricultural producers, not
only with true values of the best products
known today, but also had the prime re-
sponsibility of servicing all of these pro-
ducers in the nature of making correct,
specific, and highly accurate recommen-
Here are some of the other things
that we have found out about Mr. Sloan
after our visit:
He is considered as "the dean" of the
fertilizer industry in Florida and many

refer to him as the "Dean of Agriculture
for Peninsular Florida." We found that
Mr. Sloan is a man who literally loves
to work. This has been one of his out-
standing characteristics from boyhood.
He was born in the area now known as
Lakeland Highlands in 1892. At the age
of six, his family moved to Alachua and
then in a few years, moved back to Polk
County and settled in the country a few
miles east of Bartow. His father was a
small grower, farmer and catleman.
He completed his public school educa-
tion at Summer Institute (the high school)
at Bartow. Being convinced that a higher
education was necessary, he arranged to
enter the University of Florida in 1913.
With principally his determination as a
background, he worked his way through
the University and at the same time made
excellent grades and was graduated from
the College of Agriculture in 1917.
He attempted to enter the armed forces
during the first World War, but was re-
fused due to a physical matter. Although
that handicap has persisted, he has over-
come it to the extent that he has become
an outstanding success among Floridians
in agriculture, business and civic endeav-
ors. His intimate friends for years have
marveled at his tremendous energy and
drive and with this background, we
now know why he has accomplished so
much and is recognized so widely.
His first work as a grown young man
was as an inspector with the State Plant
Board. He took this job in 1917 during
the citrus canker era.
Then in 1919, he accepted the position
as manager and horticulturist of the
Lakeland Highlands Cooperative Associa-
tion which is a large citrus operation situ-
ated between Bartow and Lakeland.
His performance in that job resulted in
his being both noticed and wanted by
people and firms in broader responsibili-
ties. As a result, in 1924 he accepted the
position as horticulturist with the Virginia-
Carolina Chemical Corporation with his





headquarters in Jacksonville. That associ-
ation was made through Mr. C. T. Mel-
vin, one of the constructive thinkers in
the fertilizer industry in those days. This
connection suited Mr. Sloan's instinctive
desire to be of broadest possible service
to agriculture. His new work enabled him
to be in regular contact with and to ren-
der service to every phase of agriculture
in the state.
In 1926, he was offered the opportunity
to move to Tampa as Sales Manager of
the Gulf Fertilizer Company. Here again
he was associated with Mr. C. T. Melvin.
Later, Mr. Sloan became Vice President
of the Gulf Fertilizer Company.
For a short period of time, he accepted
a position with the Florida Department
of Agriculture under Commissioner Mayo.
During this time, he set up the plan of
the Department for auditing manufac-
turers' records in connection with ton-
nage of business done and inspection fees
paid to the state.
Mr. Sloan still had a driving desire to
be of the broadest possible service to
agriculture. He realized this in 1936
when he organized the Superior Fertilizer
Company at Tampa. In 1945, this com-
pany's business arrangement was changed
to that of a cooperative association with
Mr. Sloan being retained as General
Manager and subsequently as President,
the high position which he occupies to-
Mr. Sloan's name has been associated
and is associated with almost every or-
ganization and constructive undertaking
along agricultural lines. He has been
President of the Florida State Horticul-
tural Society; President of the Florida
Agricultural Research Institute; assisted
in organizing the Florida Agricultural
Council; one of the prime movers in see-
ing to it that "busy people" took time out
to inform the Legislature as to the im-
portance of agriculture to our state and
the needs of agricultural agencies and

He has been successful not only in the
manufacture of fertilizers and pesticides,
but also in other endeavors. He is known
as a substantial factor in the citrus in-
dustry, not only as a grower but as one
of the true leaders, and his advice and
counsel are sought by others. He keeps
up with the vegetable industry, the live-
stock, cane, nursery, and other segments
of Florida's agriculture as well as with
citrus. Mr. Sloan is very public-spirited
and he has a long record of service and
accomplishment in the fields of civic, fra-
ternal, and charitable activities.
Reared as a God-fearing hard-working
boy, we find that his high character and
his strict integrity are recognized and ad-
mired by all who know him. When any
man has been in the fertilizer business,
or in any other business, as long as Mr.
Sloan has-and yet when you find that
his competitors as well as his friends will
tell you that Dexter Sloan's word is his
bond-we realize that we are dealing
with a truly fine person.
We find too that Mr. Sloan instinctive-
ly likes people and constantly welcomes
the opportunity to do things for people.
His standards of evaluation of any sub-
ject that comes up might be stated as
being along the following lines: Is it
good? Is it constructive? Is it worthwhile?
Particularly, is it good for Florida and
for agriculture? If it is, the records show
that Mr. Sloan will not only help lead
any such worthwhile effort, but he will
cooperate with others who may have
originated an idea-and never seeking
self-credit, glory, or the spotlight. At
the same time, we have learned from
leaders in business and agriculture that
Mr. Sloan simply cannot be pushed nor
can he be frightened.
He enjoys relaxation of the kind that
brings him close to nature and close to
people. Near his beautiful country home
north of Tampa there is a small lake. He
and his charming wife Nell fish there
frequently. They also enjoy flowers,
shrubbery, trees, palms, and the other
things that are so important to a real
Mr. Sloan will take fishing trips occas-
ionally with friends. When talking with
some of those who have been lucky
enough to make such trips, we find that
visiting with the man has been a
pleasure equal to that of catching fish
whether it be red fish on the Gulf Coast,
bass or bream in fresh water lakes, or
any of the many salt water fish found in
the Keys.
During all of these active and busy
years, he has remained close to his son
and daughter. His daughter is Miss Ruth
Sloan, who makes her home in Gaines-
ville; and his son, Captain G. D. Sloan,
Jr. of the Air Force, is now completing a
tour of duty in Scotland. We find from
talking with other men that invariably
during trips or visits with Mr. Sloan, his
family comes into the conversation.
MAY, 1960









-Reprinted from PLANT FOOD RE-
VIEW, a publication of the National
Plant Food Institute, Washington, D.C.
Many of the farmer's severest critics
fail to realize that this businessman in the
blue-denim suit not only produces more
than enough food and fiber at bargain
prices to satisfy a growing America's
needs, but he also comprises one of in-
dustry's biggest markets.
For example, recent figures from the
U.S. Department of Agriculture show
that there are 12 million tractors, trucks,
and cars on the Nation's farms. The far-
mer provides a market for 61 million
tons of steel for these and other tools of
production each year-enough to manu-
facture 4V3 million new automobiles. In
addition, 16 percent of the gross freight
revenue comes from agricultural prod-
ucts, and farm supplies shipped to the
farmer account for an even higher per-
The farmer uses enough rubber each
year to put tires on 6 million cars. In
addition, agriculture consumes more pe-
troleum each year than any other indus-
try-171/2 billion gallons. American agri-
culture consumes 50 million tons of
chemicals annually, which includes ap-
proximately 23 million tons of fertilizer.
Each year, farm families use about 22 bil-
lion kilowatt hours of electrical power-
more than Chicago, Detroit, Houston,
Baltimore, and Boston combined.
We have learned that Mr. Sloan's
advice and counsel are sought constantly
by men in public life as well as by those
engaged in business or agriculture. In no
instance does he refuse to give freely of
his helpful counsel and experience. We
saw this firsthand when we visited his
office and plant, and we now un:'erstand
more clearly why Mr. G. Dexter Sloan is
recognized so widely in agricultural and
fertilizer circles in Florida.

The farmer is a key member of the
economic family and actually helps st p-
port other segments of the economy. In
fact, four out of ten workers in the U.S.
are employed in agriculture and alli-'
industries. Of the total working force of
62 million, about 25 million are in ag-
riculture and related industries. Breaking
this down further, about 7 million work
on farms; another 7 million workers pio-
duce for or service the farmer; and 1 I
million process, distribute, and merchan-
dise farm products. In addition, approxi-
mately 250,000 scientists are currently
working on projects related to agriculture.
Farming will become an even more
mechanized and efficient business. Thus,
agriculture will continue to be an in:e-
gral part of the great complex of the
Nation's industrial scene and a major
contributor to its economy.

Director J. R. Beckenbach of Florida
was named vice-chairman of the South-
ern section of agricultural experiment
stations at the annual meeting of the
American Association of Land Grant
Colleges. Dr. H. H. Wilkowske, assistant
director, was installed as section secre-

Since 1890



Robertson Jewelers
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College Inn ~...-..................... 14
Fla. State Hatcheries ---.... ...-......- 9
Florida Favorite Fertilizer .....-..------ .- 11
Ford Tractor Company ......-...--... 14
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Miami International Hatcheries --. Inside Front Cover
Respess-Grimes Engraving Co. 8
Roberston Jewelers ---...-....- ........--- .-- 13
Southern Dolomite .....- 13
Southern Mill Creek Products Co. 14
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Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Co. 15

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McCormick No. 15 owners report amazing 40-ton-an-hour chopping in heavy corn

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