VOLUME 10 NUMBER 4
In this issue
Ag Fair '59
Agronomists Become Tobacco Policemen
Prof of the Year
Student Government Representatives
UNIVERSITY MAIN LIBRARY CAMPUS
OIL WELLS THAT GROW
CROPS & SOILS
THE final echo of the old school bell signals far
more than just the end of four years of diligent
study. It is a fanfare, heralding an altogether new
life in a competitive and demanding adult world.
The school has done a big job conditioning
young minds for this moment. And, properly,
these minds are eagerly receptive to the chal-
lenge. But there's more required than a mental
reservoir of facts and figures and a willingness to
apply them in a practical way.
There is another item that is every bit as im-
portant or perhaps more so. It is the human
heart. For, it must still be acknowledged that it
is the heart that can direct these other attributes
in such a way as to add to mere material success
the quality of satisfaction-a quality that comes
from using knowledge and wisdom and skill not
only to improve oneself but to make a better
world for all who dwell in it.
Rightfully, then, it's proper to pause here and
ask oneself, "Whither goest thou?" And then to
choose the way that invites this unbeatable part-
nership of mind and heart.
M LINE, ILLINOIS
Quality Farm Equipment Since 1837
Volume 10, Number 4
Agronomists Become Tobacco Policemen -......-..... 2
Student Government Representatives 4
Agricultural Journalism; A Key to Progress...-----. 5
Becker Chosen Prof of the Year .----.................-- 5
Ag Fair '59 .....--...... 6
4-H Club Judging Team ............-----. -----......--- 8
Modern Gum Farming 8
Research Aid to Venezuela 8
A Way of Life or a Way of Making a Living-..-. 10
Experiment Station Releases New Turfgrass---. 11
Labor on the Half Shell ...........---------.................. 12
Agri-Views ................---------- 14
Editor .Jackson Brownlee
Managing Editor Terry McDavid
Editorial Assistant Lea Chaplin
Editorial Assistant Erny Sellers
Business Manager Richard Kelly
Circulation Manager Harold Stephens
Faculty Advisory Committee
Chairman, Prof. J. R. Greenman
Dr. Earl G. Rodgers, Dr. Ralph A. Eastwood
) COVER: The cover picture this issue is of the win-
ning exhibit at Ag Fair sponsored by the American
Society of Agronomy and Miss Pat Cossin, Ag Fair
Queen from Orlando.
Entered as second class mailing matter at the Post Office at University
Station, Gainesville, Florida, December 8, 1938 under an Act of
Congress of 1879. Twenty-five cents per copy, dollar a year. Pub-
lished four times during the year: November, January, March, and
May. Address all correspondence to Florida College Farmer, Dan
McCarty Hall, Gainesville, Florida.
PRINTED BY CONVENTION PRESS, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
As the end of the school year rolls around, I look
back at the many things I wanted to do for the "Farm-
er" and didn't do, and the wonderful experience the
"Farmer" has afforded me, and I wonder if I'm not
leaving with a debt. Perhaps the one thing that will
stand out most in my mind is the association I have
had with the Faculty Advisory Committee. Their
keen interest in the "Farmer", their helpfulness and
good words just when needed.
I am pleased to report that the magazine continues
on a sound financial basis. The "Farmer" will grow
with increased student interest.
With the coming of a new school year comes a new
editor. With the new editor comes new ideas and
changes in the magazine. A sure way to get what you
want in the magazine is to let the staff know. We want
suggestions, and appreciate praise. So don't keep your
thoughts to yourself. Only by working closely with
you the readers, can we satisfy the greatest number.
As a finale in the way of editorials, I would like
to relate a personal experience of a few weeks ago. I
was on a speaking tour sponsored by the university
and speaking to a civic club in one of Florida's fast
growing cities. When introduced for my part on the
program, the chairman stated I was majoring in agri-
culture. After the program one of the civic club mem-
bers said to me, "Isn't it unusual for a sharp person
to be majoring in agriculture?" Of course I smiled and
said that I didn't think so, but really down inside I
was burning up. This is the feeling I often run into
about people in agriculture.
In a recent editorial of our campus newspaper the
writer inferred that students in the College of Agri-
culture were not capable of intellectual effort.
So whether we like it or not, we do have a stigma
of being the "not-too-sharp" and uneducated. It is
up to you and me to change this concept. So I chal-
lenge you students of agriculture, and faculty and pro-
fessional men in agriculture, to be so outstanding in
your studies, extra curricular activities, your teachings
and in your agricultural life, that people will not only
regard agriculture as equal with other professions of
life, but above them.
J. O. B.
The FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER is the student
publication from the College of Agriculture of the Univer-
sity of Florida. It is compiled, edited, and distributed by
students of this college. It is the privilege of any ag stu-
dent to use this publication as a medium of expression. It
is the voice of the Florida agricultural student.
TOBACCO (Nicotiana tobacum) is one
of the most important field crops in
the world. Around seven billion pounds
of various tobaccos are produced an-
nually on seven and three-quarters mil-
lion acres of land in 54 countries. Flori-
da alone produces around 15 million
pounds a year of flue cured tobacco.
This annual crop is valued at eight to
ten million dollars, making it Florida's
number one agronomic cash crop.
Tobacco is unique. Out of the count-
less number of agronomic crops, it is
the only one grown strictly for man's
pleasure. It is smoked in cigarettes, pipes,
and cigars, chewed in its natural leaf
state, or gound and dipped as snuff, and
sometimes treated with sugar, honey, and
other flavors. The treated tobaccos are
formed into plugs, ropes, or pellets and
used for chewing or smoking. Some
people consider it a crime or a sin to
use the "weed", but tobacco continues
to be of great economic significance.
New and improved flue-cured tobacco
varieties have been developed through
intensive breeding programs. These pro-
grams are designed to provide varieties
that possess specific characteristics to
meet the requirements of particular to-
bacco uses. Most varieties are of high
quality, and some are superior for spe-
cific uses, but a few have not measured
up to market demands. The processor,
to remain in business, must manufacture
the products that are demanded by the
tobacco-using public. The approach,
therefore, is two-fold: (1) requirements
of the processor on the grower have been
modified and probably will continue to
change somewhat due to production of
filter cigarettes, and other shifts in the
field of tobacco utilization; and (2) some
varieties inherently produce a low quality
Just what is it that makes a particular
variety "low-quality"? The foremost
reason is that these tobaccos are extreme-
ly low in nicotine. They lack flavor and
aroma which are so necessary in any
cigarette of high quality. Tobaccos of
low quality are characterized by pale-
ness, slick appearance, and a lack of
gum and body in the cured leaf.
Varieties of an undesirable quality are
labeled "discount varieties" because of
the reduction in the government support
price. At present, Coker's 139, Coker's
140, and Dixie Bright 244 are the three
varieties in this category. Since these
varieties are undesirable, why do farmers
insist on growing them? First and princi-
pally, they are extremely high yielders.
An increase over accepted varieties in
yield of two to four hundred or more
pounds of tobacco per acre can be ex-
pected. These varieties are easier to pro-
duce, harvest, and cure. Some show a
slight degree of drouth tolerance. Re-
sistance to many of the major tobacco
diseases is another of the more admirable
After their entry on the market in
1955, these varieties were grown with-
out penalty for two years. During this
period, these varieties were found to
lack several elements of quality demand-
ed by the processor. However, farmers
already had learned of the high yields,
easy production, and disease resistant
qualities demonstrated by these tobaccos.
These farmers are not going to give them
up without a fight. Since these varieties
continued to be grown even after a re-
quest by the Federal government had
been made to terminate such production,
a policing system was devised to levy
a heavy penalty on each producer when
such tobaccos were offered for sale.
A systematic arrangement for checking
a representative sample of fields was
organized by the Agriculture Stabilization
and Conservation Service in 1957. Two
men were employed to inspect individual
tobacco fields for variety verification.
In 1958, this program was expanded and
five university students were employed
by the State ASC to work as tobacco
variety identification specialists. These
BY ARLON BUCHANAN
students qualified for this employment be-
cause of their intimate knowledge of
tobacco, their past experience with the
crop, and their training received in Ag-
nomy at the University of Florida.
A tobacco variety identification school
was organized and held at the University
of Florida during the latter part of May,
1958. Florida was responsible for the
organization of the short course with a
majority of the principal flue cured to-
bacco producing states furnishing speak-
ers and instructors. Prospective identifi-
cation specialists from Florida, Georgia,
and South Carolina were taught the finer
points of tobacco variety identification.
In addition to the specialists, all tobacco
producing counties in Florida sent their
county ASC Performance Reporters.
After this brief period of formal in-
struction and a considerable amount of
practical field work on the variety test
plots, the men were ready to visit in-
Since all of the tobacco allotments
were not to be checked by the identifi-
cation specialist, the county ASC Per-
formance Reporter observed each field
for variety identification when making
acreage measurements. Tobacco too
young to identify or fields with a sus-
picious variety were reported to person-
nel in the State ASC office who notified
the identification specialist to make prop-
er inspection. Twenty-five per cent of
the tobacco allotments were checked in
addition to any fields which were re-
ported suspicious by the county Per-
If there was doubt as to the variety
after the identification specialist checked
a field, a green sample was taken and
sent to a chemical laboratory for an ash
analysis. The results of this analysis
would show positively whether or not this
was an acceptable or a discount variety.
If a field was found to contain a discount
variety, the farmer would be notified
and told of his possible course of action.
Either he could remove all of the un-
desirable types or sell his entire crop
with a drastically reduced support price.
Whichever of the courses the farmer
chooses, he will lose. Equivalent amounts
of time, effort, and capital go into the
production of a crop of tobacco, whether
the cured leaf meets the requirements of
the processor or not. To sell without
price support, or complete removal of
the crop, is little compensation for such
an expenditure; but as in any game,
rules are set down, and the players must
abide by them. Until the farmers unani-
mously decide not to plant an undesirable
type of tobacco, there will be a need for
these "Tobacco Police". But, as soon as
the farmer realizes the importance and
necessity of producing high quality to-
bacco, the need for such policemen in
the tobacco industry will cease to exist.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
"Buy the Best... Buy OAK CREST"
WE ARE HATCHING THE FOLLOWING BREEDS:
Rhode Island Reds
Mount Hope Queen White Leghorns
White Vantress Crosses
Call or 1
Red Vantress Crosses
OAK CREST HA TCHERIES
Rt. 4 Box 563
Jacksonville 10, Florida
Phone SPring 1-2064
Tommy Lawrence, a junior majoring in
citrus production, recently added to his
list of achievements by being elected
Honor Court Justice from the College of
Born February 26, 1938, in DeLand,
Tommy was graduated from high school
in 1956. While in high school he was
active in 4-H and FFA. In 1954, he
served as one of the 4-H state vice-presi-
dents. Last October in Kansas City he
received the American Farmer Degree.
Tommy entered the university in the
fall of 1956, and has proven himself a
leader in campus circles. He is an officer
of the Agricultural Economics Club,
member of the Young Democrats Club,
the Wesley Foundation, and Phi Delta
Theta Fraternity. He has served his
fraternity in many capacities, holding the
office of treasurer for the past year.
When asked of his plans for the future,
Tommy replied, "After a tour of duty
with Uncle Sam, I'm going into partner-
ship with my father."
EDITORS NOTE: The three above student
government representatives are replacing
Erny Sellers, Honor Court; and Richard
Kelly and Maxey Love, Executive Coun-
cil Representatives. Maxey Love was
chosen as the most outstanding student
government representative for 58-59.
Hailing from Marianna is Wayne
Smith. representative on the Student
Executive Council from the College of
Wayne was brought up on a general
type farm and was very active in FFA
work while in high school. Wayne's
family was honored when, in 1957, they
were selected as Jackson County's Out-
standing Farm Family.
In 1956, Wayne received Jackson
County's first agricultural scholarship
and began his college career. Since then
many honors have come his way. Wayne
is majoring in Agronomy and is presently
a student assistant in that department. He
has served as Vice President of the stu-
dent section of the American Society of
Agronomy, and is now President of that
organization. He is a member of the
Agricultural Council and Alpha Zeta,
the honorary fraternity for agriculture.
While working summers as a research
aide with the forest service Wayne be-
came interested in doing research work
after he finishes an advanced degree. He
says he is undecided, at present, whether
to serve a tour of duty with Uncle Sam
or enter graduate school.
Wayne readily expresses his thanks and
appreciation to those who have helped
him attain his measure of success. He
says he is especially indebted to Dr. P. H.
Senn, Head of the Agronomy Depart-
ment, for his sound advice and able
S. ALLEN POOLE
S. Allen Poole, Jr., one of the execu-
tive council representatives from the Col-
lege of Agriculture that has been very
active in campus activities.
Allen is majoring in Agricultural Edu-
cation and expects to graduate in June
1960. Some of the organizations in
which he has been active are Alpha Zeta,
Ag Council, Alpha Tau Alpha, Future
Farmers of America Collegiate Chapter,
and Poultry Science Club. He was also
in charge of the FFA exhibit at the past
Ag Fair. As a freshman he received a
Sears Roebuck scholarship.
As a 1951 graduate of Lake View
High School, Allen entered the U. S.
Navy and served in the Submarine Ser-
vice where he attained the rank of 2nd
Class Petty Officer.
As a Student Government representa-
tive next year, Allen hopes to bring the
College of Agriculture into a better re-
lationship and understanding with the
campus as a whole. This can be accom-
plished with more enthusiastic leadership,
he says. Also, Allen feels that there
should be more and better coordination
and cooperation among clubs in the
College of Agriculture. More faculty in-
terest in clubs will create more student
interest in clubs, he states.
A General Assembly of the College of
Agriculture to create interest and com-
petitive spirit is one of Allen's ambitions.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
A KEY TO PROGRESS
BY LEA CHAPLIN
COULD YOU QUALIFY for the job de-
scribed in this letter to the place-
"A good command of English gram-
mar and the ability to write for publica-
tion are necessary. Experience or train-
ing in publication work, especially farm
publication, is highly desirable.
"The duties would be to serve as an
assistant to the present editor of our
monthly publication and to assist with the
general publicity work, as well as the
usual line of association activities."
This letter from the American Tung
Oil Assoication is typical of those re-
ceived by the University. An increasing
demand exists for people trained in Agri-
cultural Journalism and Communications.
Agricultural Journalism has two main
functions. The public relations aspect
is very important. As agriculture be-
comes more and more complex, spokes-
men are needed to interpret the new de-
velopments. The rest of the country needs
to know and to understand agriculture's
point of view.
The other function is that of making
the latest scientific data available to the
farmer. Agriculture has come a long way
in the past century.
A hundred years ago, the average
farmer produced enough for himself and
three other persons. By 1930, he was
supplying nine other people. Now he
produces enough for himself and 19
Many things have contributed to this
progress. Mechanization, development of
hybrids, breed improvement, and new
fertilizers were essential, but communica-
tion has made it possible for the farmer
to take full advantage of the new de-
velopments. The widespread adoption of
more efficient methods is largely a pro-
duct of increased knowledge due to more
efficient communication processes.
The Agricultural Journalist is neces-
sary in the field of communications; he
is needed by industry, he is vital to ex-
tension work, and his services are a basic
part of the United States Department of
There are nearly 500 farm magazines
and journals with staffs of from 2 to 30
people. Farm reporters, editors, and
market news reporters keep the farmer
informed on happenings in agriculture.
Radio and television stations produce
special farm and home information pro-
grams. They employ specialists to write
and prepare these features.
Industry needs Agricultural Journalists
to work with advertising, research re-
sults, and company publications. Adver-
tising agencies are beginning to realize
that they need people who "talk farm
language" in planning their campaigns.
Although this advertising is primarily
commercial, it is a very effective way of
getting agricultural information to the
people who can use it. Many companies
carry on research both to find better uses
for their products and for developing
new ones. The results must reach the
consumer in an understandable form so
that he may take advantage of the new
methods or products.
Extension editorial work is an im-
portant part of the agricultural college.
Translating research results and report-
ing state events to the people are done
in several ways. The department pub-
lishes bulletins, circulars, and books. It
supplies material to radio stations
throughout the state. It makes films for
weekly television shows. Sometimes de-
partment workers contribute articles to
farm magazines and journals. Photo-
graphs and slides are other means used
to transmit farm facts to the public.
Gathering and distributing information
is a fundamental part of the Department
of Agriculture. Established when Abra-
ham Lincoln was president, the USDA is
required to ". acquire and to diffuse
among the people of the United States,
useful information on subjects connected
with agriculture. ." Thirteen different
agencies in the USDA are concerned with
research, regulatory, or other programs.
Each one has its own staff of information
writers and editors who cooperate with
the specialists in preparing reports on the
work of the agency. The USDA pub-
lishes and distributes 50,000 bulletins a
A great demand exists for people train-
ed in Agricultural Journalism, and the
supply is limited. Only fourteen colleges
and universities in the United States offer
one or more courses in Agricultural
Journalism. The University of Florida is
one of the few in the country. People
who wish to specialize in this field here
usually major in some phase of agri-
culture and take electives in the School
of Journalism. Majoring in General Agri-
culture insures a comprehensive back-
ground. In the field of journalism,
courses in general writing, reporting
magazine feature writing, public relations,
and editing are recommended.
Agricultural Journalism is an essential
part of agriculture. As L. L. Rummell,
Dean of the College of Agriculture at
Ohio State University says:
"The pen is mightier than the sword.
Still more mighty is the plow. The plow
and pen together are the key to unlimited
progress in agriculture".
Becker Chosen Prof
Of The Year
by Paul M. Joyal
The "Agricultural Professor of the
Year Award" was presented to Dr. R. B.
Becker at the Alpha Zeta Annual Ban-
quet on April 28. The presentation was
made by Assistant Dean G. D. Thornton.
This award is made on the basis of popu-
larity among the students, helping stu-
dents in a number of ways, and contri-
butions to the university and state. Dr.
Becker is a Professor of Dairy Husbandry
in the Department of Dairy Science.
Another highlight of interest on the
program was the talk given by our guest
speaker, Dr. Wilsie B. Webb, Head Pro-
fessor of Psychology. Dr. Webb talked
on the subject of "Worry" which gained
the interest of the whole audience.
The emcee of the banquet was Luvern
Resler, chancellor of the Florida Chap-
ter. The return of thanks was given by
Dean Brooker. The Welcome and Re-
sponse were given by two A. Z. brothers
-Wayne Hawkins and Wayne Smith,
respectively. Dr. P. H. Senn introduced
the guests, new initiates and officers
who were present at the banquet. A re-
port of the activities and accomplishments
of the Florida Chapter during the year
was given by Paul Joyal.
The banquet came to an end by the
passing of the gavel from Luvern Resler
to Roderic Magie, new chancellor for
1959-1960. The banquet was thoroughly
enjoyed by all active and faculty mem-
bers and their guests.
) Erny Sellers performs the chore of milking as
Dean Brooker looks on.
) Dean Thornton talks with Callahan FFA mem-
ber L. L. Braddock about opportunities in agri-
culture and the University of Florida.
THE AGRICULTURAL FAIR OF 1959,
sponsored by the University of Flor-
ida Agricultural Council, was certainly
a big success, according to Ag Fair Chair-
man Richard Kelly.
This year the faculty joined with their
departmental clubs in putting on the ex-
hibits. It was surprising to some of the
students to see faculty members still
at Agricultural Engineering building at
3 A.M. before the fair opened. Needless
to say it was encouraging to the students
to know that faculty interest was so high.
Judged as best exhibit and best club
exhibit was one with the theme "Oil
Wells That Grow," sponsored by the
local chapter of the American Society of
Agronomy. This exhibit centered around
the oil-producing crops, such as peanuts,
zoy beans, castor beans and sesame. In-
cluded in the exhibit were a demonstra-
tion of how to test soil acidity, samples of
various types of soil for peanuts, and
living examples of the various types of
Taking second place in the judging
was the Block and Bridle exhibit which
featured a talking steer and comparisons
of meat cuts and meat counters of 1919
and 1959. This exhibit received the
award for the best demonstration. Third
place went to the Collegiate FFA ex-
Judging of exhibits was based on over-
all eye appeal, originality, workmanship
and thought content. All exhibits pointed
toward modern advances in agriculture
and food processing. The trend toward
automation on the farm was demon-
strated by the Poultry Science exhibit.
Here chickens were fed automatically
by conveyor belt and watered by an auto-
matic system which even added neces-
sary chemicals to the water. An auto-
matic egg grading machine cleaned eggs,
sorted them as to size and kept a count
of eggs in the different grades.
Pat Cossin of Orlando was named Ag
Fair queen. She is an Education sopho-
more and was sponsored by Thyrsus
(Horticultural) Club. Other queen candi-
dates were Mary Jim Melton, Lake City,
sponsored by Ag Economics Club; Son-
nie Kenney, Green Cove Springs, spon-
sored by Collegiate FFA Chapter; Mary
Thomas, Cocoa Beach, sponsored by
Alpha Tau Alpha, and Raquel Roqueta,
Miami, sponsored by Block and Bridle.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Thousands Visit Exhibits of
Various Agricultural Departments
and Commercial Companies
SPat Cossin (left) was named Ag Fair Queen.
Other queen candidates are: Mary Jim Milton,
Sonnie Kenny, Mary Thomas and Raquel
) "A more scientific agriculture is rising with the
space age" was the theme of third place exhibit
by the Collegiate FFA Chapter
SMembers of the Florida 4-H Livestock Judging Team are from left to right Tommy Hudspeth, Billy
Cannon, Rick Allan and Jack Strickland.
4-H Club Livestock
Judges Chosen For
A four-man team has been selected to
represent Florida in the national live-
stock judging contest in Chicago this
fall. Members of this team were winners
in the state 4-H livestock judging runoff
held at the University of Florida. They
are Tommy Hudspeth, Osceola County;
Jack Strickland, Alachua County; Billy
Cannon, Gilchrist County; and Rick Al-
lan, Pinellas County.
The boys competed with 21 other high
scorers from the Florida State Fair in
Tampa. The annual runoff is sponsored
by the Block and Bridle Club, a univer-
sity animal husbandry and nutrition stu-
K. L. Durrance, Assistance Animal
Industrialist with the Florida Agricultural
Extension Service, says the team will
represent the state in Chicago in late
November. The national contest is held
in conjunction with the International
The runoff included judging 10 classes
of livestock and giving oral reasons for
each class. The annual trip to the national
contest is sponsored financially by the
Tampa Morning Tribune.
Modern Gum Farming
Offers Promise For
Small Forest Owner
New methods of working trees and
processing gum have brought about many
changes in the Florida naval stores in-
dustry, according to A. S. Jensen, assist-
ant forester with the Florida Agricultural
He points out that until a few years
ago most naval stores operations con-
sisted of large holdings employing several
dozen men. Turpentine camps were built
around the old "fire still," where crude
gum was processed. Now the small
farmer who has as few as 500 trees
suitable for gum farming can spend a
few hours a month and have a profitable
operation. The old "fire still" has been
replaced by large central steam distilla-
A common practice today is bi-weekly
bark chipping with acid stimulation, in-
stead of the old wood chipping of trees.
The newer method of making a streak
through the bark and cambium layer of
the tree with a bark hack makes chipping
trees a much easier job. The streak is
sprayed with a 50 per cent solution of
sulfuric acid. This method yields as much
or more gum than the old method of
chipping trees each week.
According to Jensen, an operation of
1,000 "faces" will yield from 20 to 30
barrels of crude gum per season, depend-
ing on the size of the trees and quality
of timber. Cups are hung in late January
or early February and bi-weekly chipping,
using acid, begins in early March and
lasts until the onset of cool weather,
usually in November. Jensen adds that
if naval stores production is to be a full-
time operation, one should work at least
Florida Will Give
Aid With Research
The University of Florida will extend
limited consultive assistance in agricul-
tural research to the College of Agricul-
ture of Central University at Maracay,
Venezuela. The program is being financed
by a foundation established by the Creole
Oil Company of Venezuela.
Provost for Agriculture Willard M.
Fifield announces that the two institutions
have signed an agreement on a pilot
basis. In the next few months, four mem-
bers of the Florida staff will visit Vene-
zuela for short terms as consultants. Cer-
tain members of the Facultad de Ag-
ronomia of Central University will visit
the University of Florida for in-service
training and exchange of information.
E. E. Maes, Deputy Executive Director
of the Fundacion Creole of Caracus, and
Dr. Jose Gonzalea J. Matheus, Director
of the Agronomy Division of Central
University's College of Agriculture, re-
cently visited the University of Florida
and conferred with officials here. In turn,
Provost Fifield went to Venezuela to
assist in preparing working plans for the
cooperative project. His trip was at the
invitation of Dean Pompeyo Rios of the
Facultad de Agronomia.
"In offering the grant to the Univer-
sity of Florida, the authorities of Central
University and of Fundacion Creole
recognized the proximity of the Univer-
sity of Florida to Latin America and
the similarity of the agriculture of the
two areas," says the provost.
"Florida's geographical and cultural in-
terests in Latin America provide a logical
nucleus for this program. It should
enable our staff members to gain first
hand information on cultural practices,
insect and disease pests and other prob-
lems relating to crops of considerable
economic importance to Florida growers.
"It is felt that this cooperation will
have international good will value and
enhance relations between the peoples of
Venezuela and those of the United
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
One of the most important steps a farmer can take is the step up to
a tractor as new as today's weather.
It's just one easy step to the platform of a D-Series Tractor ... a
roomy platform that is safe and convenient whether the operator is
sitting or standing. The new Easy-Ride seat is a revelation, too.
These tractors offer unusual crop clearance-yet their low topline
and long wheel base provide ground-hugging stability in the field.
Safety... comfort... performance, too! Exclusive Power Director
speeds work with 8 speeds forward shifts on-the-go for 42 percent
more pull in low range, over 46 percent more work capacity in high range.
TRACTION BOOSTER system ... SNAP-COUPLER hitch... POWER-
CRATER engine. All Allis-Chalmers developments-all combined in
these remarkable tractors.
Yes... a short step UP is a big step FORWARD ... to a D-14
or D-17 Tractor.
ALLIS.CHALMERS, FARM EQUIPMENT DIVISION, MILWAUKEE 1, WISCONSIN
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A Way of Life
Way of Making a Living
By S. ALLEN POOLE
ow MUCH of our present agricultural
population is willing to face the
fact that agriculture is not today as it
was 15, 20, or 30 years ago? How many
will remove it from a "way of life" and
put it into the category of profitable,
As I look around here at the University
of Florida Agricultural College, What do
I see? I see a beautiful two million dollar
building that was constructed to provide
training facilities for at least twice the
number of students now enrolled. I see
well equipped laboratories; I see top men
in their fields of agriculture, but I don't
see enough students.
We didn't over-expand our facilities for
training students in agriculture in Florida.
One nationwide study shows that our
need is for 15,000 trained men and
women per year in the businesses that
service agriculture and to operate our
farms and ranches. The output of our
agricultural colleges is only 7,000 per
year, a little less than half the need for
these trained people.
Colleges of Agriculture throughout the
United States recognize this challenge
and are doing something about it. Kansas
State has brochures describing off-the-
farm opportunities in agriculture and
distributes them to all students entering
college. Talented staff members visit high
schools to present the broad scope of
agriculture and opportunities in the field.
The College of Agriculture of the Uni-
versity of Florida has prepared a bro-
chure entitled "Careers in Agriculture."
It describes the eighteen departments of
the college and outlines job opportunities
for graduates in each field. It has been
distributed to county agents, vocational
agricultural teachers and guidance coun-
selors for distribution to high school stu-
This should be excellent material for
guidance counselors in our high schools
since most are trained in liberal arts
institutions and have very little know-
ledge of farming.
Director Pears Wilson at Kansas State
suggests another approach to our student
shortage. He believes that we need to
gain the support of industries associated
with agriculture in promoting the college
education as a prerequisite for important
jobs in their industries. The industries
associated with engineering have done a
very effective job along this line. He also
believes that we need to promote among
high school counselors the idea that
science applied to agriculture is fully as
important and respectable as science ap-
plied to military preparedness and the
Students often remark that a shortage
of students means more and better jobs
for them, so why should they worry.
Agriculture may be facing a shortage of
trained personnel in the future that will
affect our rate of technological progress.
A shortage of sufficient magnitude would
result in fewer jobs. The more people
who enter agriculture and through their
efforts contribute to progress in the in-
dustry, the greater the demand will be
for agricultural graduates. Little or no
danger of a surplus of people trained in
agriculture is in sight.
These new methods of advertising ag-
riculture by the various administrations
of agricultural colleges will help the
science of agriculture attract students.
Another excellent source of advertising
is by the students.
The question is asked: "Do you have
an inferiority complex about agriculture?"
You shouldn't have. The agricultural in-
industry is the biggest buyer, seller, and
borrower in the United States and it has
the biggest investment.
If agriculture ever ranks along with
the other professional sciences, it will
be because of an interested faculty, staff,
administration, and most of all because of
agricultural students who are proud of
their college and the knowledge they
receive from it.
What are some of the problems that
advanced agricultural technology is pos-
ing on our society? Machines will con-
tinue to displace men on our farms.
Farmers will produce more with fewer
farms and less help than they had in the
past or have at the present. Many family
commercial farms today have total capital
investment exceeding $100,000 and this
Management has become the key fact-
or in successful farm operation, and this
means a highly specialized kind of
management.. Management must be pro-
vided by professional management
groups, standing between individual own-
ers and the operators of the farms.
Already the managerial arrangements
in contact broiler production, pig parlor
operations, and other specialized types of
agricultural production are separated so
that someone other than the producer
himself makes many of the decisions.
The share of total farm receipts spent
for production items will increase, the
gross margin per dollar of receipts will
decrease, and profits will depend on vol-
ume as well as quality.
It is an established fact that more than
half the farm units in the United States
are so small or so inefficient that they do
not yield their operators a decent living.
On a percentage basis, 44 per cent of our
farmers produce 90 per cent of our farm
products. The marginal farmer needs
help. It may be that finding him oppor-
tunities in other associated fields where
his standard of living would increase
would help him most.
Why be frightened by technological
changes taking place in our society? Why
not join them and be happier?
In a modern society there are many
economic and sociological changes.
Change is the law of progress, and here
at the university is the most logical place
to see these changes and try to under-
stand and do something about them.
Glenn W. Rhodes, Owner Phone: MArion 2-6670
Breeders, Hatchers, Growers, Processors, and Shippers of
BROAD BREASTED BELTSVILLE and BRONZE
DD BRAND TURKEYS
WE SHIP TO ALL MARKETS -COAST TO COAST
DOUBLE "D" RANCH
Rt. 1, Box 265 Ocala, Florida
GROWN IN THE KINGDOM OF THE SUN
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
The Florida Agricultural Experiment
Station is releasing planting stock of
Floratine, a desirable new strain of St.
Augustine grass, to growers who are
certified with the State Plant Board.
These certified producers should have
planting stock available for the public in
Floratine is the first release in the
Experiment Station's turfgrass screening
program begun in 1950. Promising selec-
tions have been in the nursery since 1953.
Station workers assisting in developing
Floratine include Dr. Gene C. Nutter,
turf specialist at the Main Station, Dr.
Roy A. Bair and Dr. Robert J. Allen of
the Everglades Station, Belle Glade. Dr.
Nutter and Dr. Bair are now in private
Floratine is blue-green in color, grows
close to the ground and produces good
leaf density. Its leaves are short and nar-
row, its rate of covering good. It is par-
ticularly well adapted to close clipping,
having survived four years of mowing at
a height of one half inch. However, the
recommended cutting height is one and
a half inches.
The new variety has been superior in
weed resistance and has shown a low
incidence of disease.
A well known meteorologist declares
that by weather journals kept ever since
1767, to the present time, whenever the
new moon has fallen on a Saturday, the
following twenty days have been wet and
windy, in 19 cases out of 20.
Stengle Field N. Magnolia
Use BRAHMANS for Beef
r: IYR. i.
Heart Bar Ranch
Kissimmee, Florida Phone Tllden 6-5603
There is no better combination of rea-
sons for buying a fertilizer than these:
1. More productive crop and grove yield .
thus, richer rewards.
2. Complete Field Service on-the-spot de-
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And yet, FLORIDA FAVORITE FER-
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Phone MUtual 2-1291 P. 0. Box 912 LAKELAND, FLORIDA
LABOR ON THE HALF SHELL
Ralph Voss, Former Managing Editor, Florida College Farmer
HE PROVERBIAL Farmer Jones and
Farmer Brown were sitting around
the cracker barrel rehashing the week's
vegetable market prices, cussing the
weather in general and accusing Farmer
Green, down the road, of being a labor
Farmer Grey walked in the store
about that time and heard this accusation
and his blood boiled. He had heard
about all the foolish talk from these two
old farmers he could stand. "If you two
old goats had an ounce of brains and a
foresight beyond your field fence, you
wouldn't be so blasted narrow minded.
John Brown, you never treated a laborer
decently on your farm since you've been
born, and Jones, you're famous for
wantin' a crew of workers for 100 an
hour less than anyone else pays, and you
cuss every step because they don't work
twice as hard. I heard you two crying
about Green being a labor hog. Yes, he
has labor most of the time when he needs
it, but he's learned things you two anti-
quated old mavericks were too stubborn
to see for yourselves. Down the road
about two miles from here there's a sign
on McCarthy's warehouse office that says
'Farm Labor Information.' That's where
Green gets his labor when he needs help
to complete his crew and that's where
the other modern farmers go to get their
labor. Next time before you get your
dander up, know what you're talking
about." At that, Farmer Grey made his
purchase, snorted at the two bewildered
old farmers and stomped out to his
As you guess, these two were resentful
at being told off and their tempers were
getting raw but old rusty wheels began
turning in the back of their heads at the
sound of Grey classing them as not being
modern farmers. What was the big mys-
tery going on at McCarty's warehouse?
Just how in tarnation could that place
have anything to do with a fellow getting
labor, as scarce as it is.
Well, Farmer Grey was right. There
was a sign down at the warehouse and
inside the office was a Florida Industrial
Commission employee called a Farm
Labor Representative. Now this guy
doesn't wear a space suit and wave a
magic stick. He has behind him a well
coordinated national organization made
up of men like himself serving the field
of agriculture to improve the farm labor
program all over the nation.
This farm labor program begins in
Washington, D. C. as a part of the De-
partment of Labor, branching to eleven
designated regions throughout the United
States. The particular region we would
be concerned with is the Atlanta office
of the Bureau of Employment Security.
From here it filters down to the affiliated
separate state employment services which
are under the control of the separate
states-however, they are federally fi-
nanced and coordinated. These include
Mississippi, Alabama, South Carolina,
Tennessee, Georgia, and Florida. Each
state has its own state employment serv-
ice with the farm labor division as a
division of its program. The local state
employment offices in argicultural areas
employ farm labor representatives. As
you can see, the spider has spun a fine
web. A steady stream of valuable infor-
mation and facts pour into Atlanta and
Washington from periodic reports and
surveys conducted by all field men. These
bits of information are pieced together
to form the overall farm labor picture
This picture is like an X-ray under a
doctor's critical eye. Most of the major
faults and discrepancies stand out like
sore thumbs. Not all of these problems
are solved, just as doctors do not heal
all diseases. But they keep trying. The
result so far has been a well coordinated
program between states, the regions and
the parent office in Washington. A smart
example of this coordination is the inter-
state recruitment conducted in Florida
each spring by representatives of the east-
ern seaboard states. They come to Flori-
da as a group each spring and conduct an
organized program of recruitment in our
agricultural areas. They discuss the vari-
ous jobs open in their states with crew
leaders and individuals seeking summer
work in these states. When a crew of in-
dividuals agrees to work for a certain
farm in South Carolina or Virginia imme-
diately after completion of its Florida
job this means one less crew will be wan-
dering across the eastern seaboard states
for days, in search of work. Free-wheel-
ing crews often end up in a bread line
with poor living conditions and no fi-
nances to repair equipment breakdowns.
The immediate move from one job to an-
other aids this group of workers to real-
ize more working days per year, gives
the farmer more man-days a year and
improves the national economy.
The migratory stream of workers
moving from one harvest area to another
each season is not unlike our migratory
fowl, but certainly is not as well orga-
nized. Harvesting of agricultural pro-
ducts is a twelve-month operation in the
United States. There is a major harvest
season in some part of the United States
each month of the year. Huge move-
ments of labor migrate from one harvest
area to another as each season comes to
a close. This movement is referred to as
the migratory labor stream. The most
important of these labor streams is the
eastern seaboard stream. Movement of
labor in this stream has reached gigantic
On the local level the farm labor rep-
presentative deals directly with the grow-
ers and the labor moving in and out of
his area. Just as Farmer Grey explained,
the farm labor representative is there
24 hours a day to help those who are
willing to help themselves. That goes for
both the grower and the worker. In this
day and time, he is too busy with those
who are willing to work through his pro-
gram to beat the bushes very often for
the likes of Jones and Brown.
As the program grows, the scope of
the department also will expand into
more detailed services for all concerned,
certainly to Mr. Jones and Brown, at no
charge to the worker or the employer.
The farm labor representative's job
goes even further than recruitment of
labor. Very often a grower has a par-
ticular labor problem that is digging into
his profits. After a while the problem
grows to a degree of seriousness that
can't be accepted as normal business loss.
The farm labor representative may learn
of this problem directly from the grower,
or elsewhere. Regardless of the source
of the information, problems in labor
draw farm labor representatives like bees
to honey. The difficulty may be an exces-
sive turnover in the farmer's skilled or
(Continued on Next Page)
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
(Contd. from Preceding Page)
nonskilled labor, or his lack of ability to
find sufficient workers when they are
needed. The farm labor representative
usually is a man who has had college
training in the field of agriculture and,
in most cases, has had actual farming
experience. This background plus the
experience and training he has received
as a farm labor representative qualifies
him as a counselor on farm labor prob-
lems. At times his advice is not wel-
comed by some farmers who feel no one
knows their problems as well as they do,
or by those who cannot recognize their
problems at all. But farmers everywhere
are being convinced by word and deed
that the farm labor representative is a
handy guy to have around in time of
need. In many agricultural areas he is
quite a prominent community figure.
Let's face it, this industry we call agri-
culture "ain't what it used to be." The
farmer with the mule and moldboard
plow is a relic of the past-a man who
would starve today. Mechanization has
brought about not only quantity but
quality in volume. Machinery has con-
sumed much of the work done in the
past years by manual labor. Specaliza-
tion in crop harvest has caused huge
agricultural areas to shrink in population
and entire towns to wilt and die. Never-
theless, there are crops that cannot be
handled by machinery and these labor
demands must be met. Mechanization
has in some instances even increased the
use of labor. For instance machines have
the ability to clear larger acreages of land
cheaper and faster, making more land
available for agriculture. Larger fields
of crops may be planted mechanically-
but cannot be cared for or harvested
mechanically. Such a crop is trellis to-
matoes grown on wire or tied to stakes
and harvested in the ripe stage. 'his
training, pruning and tying must be
done by hand. Yet large acreages can
be cleared and planted by tractors and
equipment and larger quantities of har-
vested produce may be processed and
transported for consumer use. So you
see, where mechanization such as the
bean picking machine causes much un-
employment in bean harvest in some
parts of the United States, machinery
creates labor in other parts of the
There will always be a need for labor
in agriculture. This labor must be uti-
lized every possible hour for it to be
profitable to the worker. Someone will
always be needed to guide these people
LYONS FERTILIZER CO.
P. O. Box 310
on their narrow road of prosperity.
There, too, is a need to aid the farmer
in his labor needs. More and more of
his time and must be spent in the com-
plicated science of farming. Someone
must be there when he needs assistance.
Someone who has an accurate knowl-
edge of where he can find the type of
labor needed and fill the shortage.
"Yep," it looks like the farm labor
representative is here to stay, just like
Henry Ford's product and the telephone
and airplane-because he's needed.
Yes, Mr. Farmer, labor may be your
oyster, but the farm labor representative
will always be there to serve it to you on
the half shell.
Ameican, em Society
211 W. UNIVERSITY AVENUE
rving our Third Generation...
Before the turn of the century, W&T
representatives were working hand-in-hand
with Florida growers to achieve success.
- Through the years, we have kept on the
move with science, always formulating the
newest, proven advances into Ideal
Fertilizers and FASCO Pesticides.
So, when you complete your training
J'J aand enter Florida's great field of agriculture,
you'll find science's best at your service
under the Ideal and FASCO labels.
WIWILSON & TOOMER
Plants in Jacksonville, Tampa, Cottondale, Port Everglades
GENERAL OFFICES JACKSONVILLE, FLOIDA
aV 11 I I VS
The Collegiate FFA Chapter com-
pleted an outstanding year with its an-
nual banquet held at the Newberry High
Mr. Wayne Mixson, Field Service Di-
rector, Southeastern Region of the
American Farm Bureau was the speaker
of the evening. The threshold of a new
agricultural political scene was presented
by Mr. Mixson.
Dr. E. W. Garris, Head of the Agri-
cultural Education Department announc-
ed the winners of the J. F. Williams Me-
morial Scholarship Fund. Richard Kelly
and Bill Humpherys were the recipients
of awards and each will receive $100
during the State FFA Convention in
June. Dr. Garris also made the presenta-
tion of the Outstanding Senior Award to
Bill Humphreys. This annual award was
initiated this year. The Outstanding
Senior is selected by the chapter and the
Plaque presented by the DeKalb Com-
Special entertainment for the evening
was furnished by the Melrose FFA String
Band and the Santa Fe FFA sweetheart.
During the last few months the seniors
participated as judges in Sub-District and
District contests, held at Lake City, Tren-
ton, and Gainesville.
The Forestry Club was in the midst of
a host of activities common to the Spring
semester. April probably was the ideal
month to observe and note past, present
and future club projects. The semester
started with an increase in club interest
by the inviting of guest speakers such as
Mr. C. A. Roberts, a sportsman from
Gainesville and Ross Allen, the reptile
The Forestry Club's exhibit at the
Ag Fair was designed mainly to show
research progress in growth and re-
reforestation of Southern Yellow Pine
The annual Forestry Club banquet was
held April 10 at the Primrose Grill.
Scholarships were announced, and Mr.
Togus, manager of Buckeye Cellulose
Corporation in Florida spoke on "Fores-
try's Challenge". Entertainment was pro-
vided by the University of Florida's
noted Singing Sweethearts.
One of our busiest groups was the An-
ual staff, headed by Charles Godfrey.
They were confronted with the problem
of turning out two publications of the
"Pine Cache" this semester.
Another busy group was the committee
for the "Southern Forestry Schools Con-
clave." These boys held woodsmanship
practice sessions, and the head of the
committee, Tom Jones, said that we had
a very good chance of winning the woods-
manship contest this year. The selected
participants took the Forestry School bus
to Baton Rouge, La. for the May 2 con-
New officers serving are: Reid Fol-
som, President; Arnold Wetzel, Vice
President; Paul Wilder, Secretary-Trea-
surer; and Walt Osterman, Reporter. Dr.
J. B. Huffman is our Advisor this semes-
Thyrsus members are very proud that
the club retired the Ag Fair trophy for
the outstanding exhibit and also spon-
sored the Ag Fair Queen, Miss Pat Cos-
It is time to review past activities and
to plan for next year. As with any other
club, we plan an even more successful
year in '59-'60.
Club members review the record of
Thyrsus for the past year with pride; the
success of our Mum Sales and our field
trip, which we plan to make an annual
activity, were considered by most as our
two outstanding projects. Participation in
club activities have been rewarding both
socially and educationally.
Florida has 30,000 lakes and many riv-
ers. Annual rainfall averages 53 in., 68%
of it between May and October. July is
wettest month-November is dryest.
Constructing our exhibit for Ag Fair
was the big project during this spring
semester. We hope everyone enjoyed our
display of the latest in poultry automa-
tion, and the tasty barbeque served from
our open outside pit. The club would
like to thank the Poultry Husbandry De-
partment Staff for its full support of this
The prime objective of the club is to
acquaint students with the scope of the
field, and the opportunities available.
Each meeting this semester featured color
films dealing with the latest developments
in Poultry Husbandry. As with all phases
of agriculture, the poultry industry is
becoming very modern and specialized.
The concluding activity this semester
was a barbeque at Camp Wauburg, May
5. The Department of Poultry Husband-
ry Faculty were the club's guest at this
event. The softball game between the
"Student Roosters" and the faculty was
enjoyed by all.
The club would like to introduce
Park Waldroup, a graduate student in
Poultry Nutrition, having recently been
graduated from the University of Ten-
nessee in Poultry Husbandry. We are
fortunate to have Park join our ranks, as
he is currently President of the National
Collegiate Poultry Club.
Alpha Tau Alpha
Epsilon Chapter of Alpha Tau Alpha
had an active semester. As the semester
started, members were already busy
working toward the annual Ag Fair
The contest, held in Dan McCarty
Auditorium was revised this year by the
Ag Fair Queen Contest Committee. The
new system set up a more diversified
contest, and attracted more spectators.
Members of the committee were Lonnie
Davis-Chairman, Ronnie Jefferies and
Irving (Happy) Roche. The chapter
wishes to congratulate the committee for
doing an excellent job.
(Contd. on Next Page)
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
The winner of the contest was lovely
Pat Cossin, Delta Gamma from Orlando.
She was presented a beautiful trophy by
the chapter. Our thanks to Lee Fennell,
Dr. M. O. Watkins and Mr. Jim Gorman
for judging the contest.
On April 17 initation ceremonies were
held for Kenneth Trammel and James
Ward. Immediately afterward, the active
members and advisors Dr. E. W. Garris
and Professor W. T. Loften, attended a
barbecue at Lake Mize in the Austin
Cary Forest. The delicious supper was
prepared by Ronnie Jefferies and Don
During Ag Fair, Chancellor Vern
Resler presented two Alpha Zeta trophies.
One for the winning demonstration was
awarded to American Society of Agro-
nomy. This year a new rotating plaque,
sponsored by Alpha Zeta for the best
club exhibit, was also presented to ASA.
The plaque will be retired by a club
winning the "Best Exhibit Contest" two
years in succession.
Nineteen new members were pledged
and initiated: George H. Best, Kyle
Brown, Martin Capella, Marvin Carter,
Vladimir Cruz, James Eckford, Maurice
Geiger, Kenneth Henderson, Harold
Jackson, Jr., Cecil Lettis, Jr., Ramon
Love, Hilton Meadows, Jack Nelson,
David Perry, Allen Poole, Jr., Roger
Sanchez, Wayne Smith, Austin Tilton,
Kenneth Trammel, and Robert Wool-
dridge. The pledgemaster was David
The annual spring banquet was held
on April 28 at the Primrose Grill. The
"Agricultural Professor of the Year
Award" was presented to Dr. R. B.
Becker. The banquet chairman was John
The reward for many months of plan-
ning and hard work by the club members
was winning first place trophy in club
competition and first place in overall
exhibit competition at the Ag Fair. The
club also took second place for the best
exhibit demonstration with the theme
"Oil Wells That Grow." Our exhibit in-
cluded displays, charts, and pictures of
the planting, harvesting, and manufac-
ture of peanut and soybean products.
Free samples of roasted peanuts and
peanut butter crackers were served to our
guests. Pictures of our winning exhibit
were shown over the University of
Florida Television, Channel 5, and were
narrated by ASA President Wayne Smith.
The club extends thanks and apprecia-
tion to the various individuals who
helped make this exhibit a success.
Special appreciation goes to Bill Cave for
his work as ASA General Exhibit Chair-
man, to ASA President Wayne Smith
who served as Chairman of the Peanut
Sub-Committee, and to Bennie Whitty
for service as Chairman of the Soybean
Sub-Committee. The faculty in both
Agronomy and Soils contributed signifi-
cantly to the success of the exhibit.
The Annual ASA banquet was held
May 11, at the Parklane Cafeteria. This
affair is a big event in our yearly pro-
gram stressing the advantages of pro-
fessional fellowship for students in Agro-
nomy and Soils.
Several ASA members will graduate
in June and they carry with them our
best wishes for success in the endeavors
they choose to follow.
If you laid all of the economists
in the world end to end, they
would all point in a different
NEW HAMPSHIRE REDS
"Chicks hatched 10 minutes from the airport"
MIAMI INTERNATIONAL HATCHERIES, INC.
P. O. Box 48-1005
Miami 48, Florida
SUMMER, 1959 1I
Subscribe Today INDEX TO
FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Dan McCarty Hall Allis-Chalmers 9
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Gainesville, Florida Deere and Co. Inside Cover
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M A IN i Superior Fertilizer Co. 16
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Factories and Offices: TAMPA and FORT PIERCE, FLORIDA CIRCLE D RANCH
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Phone Cottondale 2461
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MILL CREEK PRODUCTS CO.
P. O. BOX 4297
TAMPA 7, FLORIDA
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THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
for top egg production
for quality broilers
NEW HAMPSHIRE REDS
P. 0. BOX 666 GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA
PHONE FRANKLIN 2-0468
Chops with the biggest...
priced with the lowest!
,.x' Prj X. s .,a. "- .-- tcae..'u 0- 1V10W11
Here's the leading flywheel-type field harvester-the
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hour. Pto or engine drive.
See the 1959 forage line
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Let him show you how
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later.., and put forage
into feedlot or storage at
Man, this new McCormick No. 15 really chops
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ton capacity of corn silage per hour.
Three brand-new, quick-change harvesting units
-60-inch cutter bar, row-crop unit, and 54-inch
hay pickup are perfectly matched with the new
6-knife lawnmower-type cutter head for top ca-
pacity in any crop.
See it... price it ... you can pay twice as much,
but you can't buy higher quality than the durable
No. 15 Field Harvester!
S HARVESTER DEALER
International Harvester Products pay for themselves in use-Farm Tractors and Equipment
...Twine.. Commercial Wheel Tractors... Motor Trucks... Construction Equipment-
General Office, Chicago 1, Illinois.